Yearly Archives: 2011

The Value Of Vintage Parfume and Medicine Bottle Collections

The value Of Parfume bottle Collections

CREATED BY

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Limited e-book in CD-ROM private  edition

Jakarta@copyright

Dr iwan Suwandy 2011

 

introductions

Collecting perfume bottles is a very popular habit today. And it has been since your mother, or even your grandmother’s time. And people look for perfume bottles from the period that most of these represent, which is the interwar years, the ’20s and ’30s

How much thw value of this collections still unknown because no value at the perfume bottle catalogue ,but after research the auctions catalogue I found some intesting and haigh value parfume bottle.

I have collecting parfume bottle since 1980 after I found the book of antique collections which some with the value,,I will show some of my collections.

 I hope all parfumre bvottles collectors will comment and give me more informations and correction 9n order the research will be more best to issued in e-book in CD_ROM.

Jalarta,September 2011

@copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Perfume Bottles Through History

PerfumeBottleExhibit

There are perfume collectors, and then there are perfume bottle collectors. As a member of the former category, I was glad to have an opportunity to focus on the vessels that contain my beloved scents

By spanning from 1100 BC to the present and displaying the perfume bottles achronologically, the exhibit succeeded in showing the real diversity in perfume bottles through time. You might think that bottles started off with simple designs, and eventually got more elaborate — but you’d be wrong.

Piggy


Take this charming little pig-shaped flask made of nonlead blown glass.It almost looks like something the Italian designer Alessi, purveyor of whimsical kitchen utensils, might sell today as a salad dressing dispenser. Well, it is from 100 – 300 AD (Roman Empire/Syro Palestine). Cute little fellow, no?

In a brief talk during the exhibit’s opening night, curator John Keefe explained that the Industrial Revolution’s new technologies created an affluent middle class that was able to indulge in luxuries like perfume, which was once associated with the aristocracy.This desire, along with the technological ability to indulge it, meant a flowering of the perfume bottle form into ever-more dazzling designs and colors.

L'airDuTemps

 

Few bottles in the exhibit were more dazzling than the giant Lalique-designed crystal flacon for L’air du Temps, released by Nina Ricci in 1947. (Shown supersized, above.) When filled with perfume, this stunner went for about $4,700, or the equivalent at the time of a modest house! For the unwashed masses, smaller bottles of L’air du Temps were available with the iconic twin doves — in plastic. (Hey, we perfume lovers take what we can get!)

Although Chanel perfumer Jacques Polge has said that Chanel was the first significant designer to link perfume to couture (and who wouldn’t recognize No. 5′s modernist-chic bottle?), John Keefe reminds us that it was actually the English design house headed by Charles Worth (1825 – 1895) that believed a woman needed a perfume appropriate to her “costume,” and designer Paul Poiret (1879 – 1944) who first suggested that every design house needed a signature scent that embodied its aesthetic.

BalaVersailles

 

Speaking of Chanel…the perfumaniac in me couldn’t resist being pulled to the shelf with perfumes I knew and loved. For every gorgeous, Art Deco Seated Nudes bottle (1926, transparent amber glass) or ornate precious materials-encrusted perfume bottle (see below), there was a Bal à Versailles I wanted to open to see if it was sweatier or more animalic than the Eau de Cologne I owned, or an Edmond Roudnitska-composed Dior Eau Fraiche I wanted to crack out of the museum glass and spritz to my nose’s content.(In the ’90s, Roudnitska himself said that Eau Fraiche was the only true chypre on the market.)

Perfumes 

It’s a testament to the design-lust that the show awoke in me that I would have wanted to see a bit more of the 20th century’s most gorgeous perfume bottles and to hear more about how form followed content. For example, I was craving a peek at Guerlain’s simple but grand Shalimar bottle or Elsa Schiaparelli’s bottle for the perfume Shocking, which was in the form of a surreal tailor’s mannequin with flowers sprouting from its head. (Incidentally, I’m sure it was the latter’s inclusion in a recent eBay vintage bottle collection auction that inflated the winning bid to an amazing $152.)*

SchiaparelliBottle

But this is probably me being a little greedy, or a sign of how much this exhibit made me think about perfume bottles, which I don’t usually give much thought to. (OK, maybe I’ve given some thought to it.) If you’re in New Orleans and you love perfume and design, you should definitely check out Scents and Sensibility. (This exhibit runs through October 24, 2010). I dare you not to fantasize about getting into those glass walls to get your dirty little paws on Bal à Versailles, though. Just don’t actually do it.

(NOTE: With the exception of the Guerlain and Schiaparelli photos to your left, all the photos in this post were taken by the wonderful John d’Addario, whose other photos you can see here on his Flickr account.  Jonno also just happens to be the Associate Curator of Education at NOMA and a fan of animalic perfumes.)

* This next paragraph used to be part of the review, until I discovered my mistake. Although I quibble with what I thought was the choice for the last contemporary perfume of the exhibit, I was wrong about what that was — 1998′s Lolita Lempicka and not 1981′s Must de Cartier:

“In another minor quibble, I thought it was odd that the show’s last contemporary perfume was 1981′s Must de Cartier. This might indicate that “simple” is the reigning aesthetic for commercial perfume bottle design. Simple design is certainly still an aesthetic, but there are some over-the-top presentations out there as well. (Anyone seen Thierry Mugler’s latest bottle for Womanity? Or Kilian Hennessy’s black perfume bottles in lacquered black boxes that come with lock and key?)”

THE VALUE OF 20th CENT. PERFUME BOTTLE

us$500.

us$300,-

Us$150,-

us$50,-

Dr IWAN CHINESE PERFUME AND MEDICINE  BOTTLE COLLECTIONS

THE END@COPYRIGHT dR iWAN 2011

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

The Value Of Old Banknote Collections

 

Paper money collections info

The value of Old Banknote

 

 

Created by

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

 

 

 

Limited private edition in CR_ROM

Jakarta@copyright XDr Iwan suwandy 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Many visitors to your web blog Driwancybermuseum asked how the collection of paper money that has a highest price?

 

Is that just old

or something new?


Paper  money Collections from the State where the most expensive price?

And many more questions related to the investment value or price of the collection of paper money as part of numismatic collectors filed by both beginners and seniors.

 

After the financial crisis of 1998 and the last crisis in a tender in 2010, a collector of paper money increased  as very high risk equity investment, the price of old paper money collection began creeping up, so I have been doing research from a variety of paper money auction din Indonesia and abroad so that the information obtained can be used as a basis for investing in old bills.collections


I hope the collector from all over the world  comments and suggestions will improve the quality of this information.

 

Jakarta September 2011

Dr Iwan Suwandy<MHA

 

PS.THE COMPLETE INFO EXIST IN LIMITED EDITION cd_rom,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER PLEASE SUBSCRIBE VIA COMMENT

 

Indonesian version:

Banyak pengunjung web blog Driwancybermuseum betanya koleksi uangkertas yang bagaimana yang memiliki harga tinggi? Apakah yang kuno saja atau ada yang baru?

Koleksi uang kerta dari Negara mana yang paling mahal harganya?

Serta masih banyak lagi pertanyaan yang terkait dengan nilai investasi atau harga dari koleksi uang kertas sebagai bagian dari numismatic yang diajukan oleh para kolektor pemula maupun senior.

Setelah krisis moneter tahun 1998 dan krisis terakhir tahum 2010,kolektor uang kertas bertambah menuingkat karena investasi saham sangat tinggi resikonya, harga koleksi uang kertas lama mulai merangkak naik,oleh karena itu saya  telah melakukan penelitian dari berbagai lelangang uang kertas diIndonesia dan luar negrei sehingga informasi yang diperoleh dapat dijadikan dasar dalam berinvestasi di koleski uang kertas lama.

Saya harap komentar dan saran para kolesktor akan meningkatkan mutu informasi ini.

Jakarta September 2011

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Asia papermoney

Africa papermoney

Euro papermoney

America papermoney

Australasia papermoney

The end@copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

The NBA Legand Star Historic collections

The NBA

 Lagendary Star Collections

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Limited private Edition In CR-ROM

Jakarta @copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

 

 

 

INTRODUCTIONS

TABLE OF CONTENT

A.PART ONE BEFORE 1980

B.PART TWO 1980-1990

C.PART THREE 1990-2000

D.PART FOUR 2000-2011

 

PART ONE BEFORE 1980

 

Wilt Chamberlain

card

Wilt Chamberlain
No. 13
Center
Personal information
Date of birth August 21, 1936
Place of birth Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Nationality American
Date of death October 12, 1999(1999-10-12) (aged 63)
Place of death Bel Air, California
High school Overbrook HS, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Listed height 7 ft 1 in (2.16 m)
Listed weight 275 lb (125 kg)
Career information
College Kansas
NBA Draft 1959 / Pick: Territorial
Selected by the Philadelphia Warriors
Pro career 1959–1973
Career history
As player:
1958–1959 Harlem Globetrotters
19591965 Philadelphia / San Francisco Warriors
19651968 Philadelphia 76ers
19681973 Los Angeles Lakers
As coach:
1973–1974 San Diego Conquistadors (ABA)
Career highlights and awards
Career statistics
Points 31,419 (30.1 ppg)
Rebounds 23,924 (22.9 rpg)
Assists 4,643 (4.4 apg)
Info Page
Stats at Basketball-Reference.com
Basketball Hall of Fame as player

Wilton NormanWiltChamberlain (August 21, 1936 – October 12, 1999) was an American professional NBA basketball player for the Philadelphia/San Francisco Warriors, the Philadelphia 76ers and the Los Angeles Lakers; he also played for the Harlem Globetrotters prior to playing in the NBA. The 7 foot 1 inch Chamberlain weighed 250 pounds as a rookie[1] before bulking up to 275 pounds and eventually over 300 pounds with the Lakers.[2] He played the center position and is considered by his contemporaries as one of the greatest and most dominant players in the history of the NBA.[2][3]

Chamberlain holds numerous official NBA all-time records, setting records in many scoring, rebounding and durability categories. Among other notable accomplishments, he is the only player in NBA history to average more than 40 and 50 points in a season or score 100 points in a single NBA game. He also won seven scoring, nine field goal percentage, and eleven rebounding titles, and once even led the league in assists.[3] Although suffering a long string of professional losses,[4] Chamberlain had a successful career, winning two NBA titles, earning four regular-season Most Valuable Player awards, the Rookie of the Year award, one NBA Finals MVP award, and being selected to 13 All-Star Games and ten All-NBA First and Second teams.[2][5] Chamberlain was subsequently enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1978, elected into the NBA’s 35th Anniversary Team of 1980, and chosen as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History of 1996.[5]

Chamberlain was known by various nicknames during his basketball playing career. He hated the ones that called attention to his height such as Goliath and Wilt the Stilt, which was coined during his high school days by a Philadelphia sportswriter. He preferred The Big Dipper, Dippy or Dipper, all of which were inspired by his friends who saw him dip his head as he walked through doorways.[6] He was also called the Chairman of the Boards.

After his basketball career ended, Chamberlain played volleyball in the short-lived International Volleyball Association, was president of this organization, and is enshrined in the IVA Hall of Fame for his contributions.[7] Chamberlain also was a successful businessman, authored several books, and appeared in the movie Conan the Destroyer. He was a lifelong bachelor and became notorious for his claim to having had sex with over 20,000 women.[8]

Contents

Professional career

Harlem Globetrotters (1958–1959)

After his frustrating junior year, Chamberlain wanted to become a professional player before finishing his senior year.[30] However, at that time, the NBA did not accept players who had not finished their last year of studies. Therefore, Chamberlain was prohibited from joining the NBA for a year, and decided to play for the Harlem Globetrotters in 1958 for a sum of $50,000.[2][4]

Chamberlain became a member of the Globetrotters team which made history by playing in Moscow in 1959, enjoyed a sold out tour of the USSR and prior to the start of a game at Moscow’s Lenin Central Stadium, were greeted by the General Secretary Nikita Khrushchev.[31] One particular Trotter skit involved Trotters captain Meadowlark Lemon collapsing to the ground, and instead of helping him up, Chamberlain threw him several feet high up in the air and caught him like a doll. “[Chamberlain] was the strongest athlete who ever lived”, the 210-pound Lemon recounted later.[32] In later years, Chamberlain frequently joined the Trotters in the off-season and fondly recalled his time there, because he was no longer jeered at or asked to break records, but just one of several artists who loved to entertain the crowd.[33] On March 9, 2000, Chamberlain’s number 13 was retired by the Trotters.[31]

Philadelphia/San Francisco Warriors (1959–1965)

On October 24, 1959, Chamberlain finally made his debut as an NBA player, starting for the Philadelphia Warriors. The Warriors’ draft pick was highly unusual, as it was a so-called “territorial pick” despite the fact Chamberlain had spent his college years in Kansas, which is not a region covered by Philadelphia. However, Warriors owner Eddie Gottlieb, one of the NBA’s founding fathers, argued that Chamberlain had grown up in Philadelphia and had become popular there as a high school player; and because there were no NBA teams in Kansas, he argued, the Philadelphia Warriors held his territorial rights and could draft him. The NBA agreed, marking the only time in NBA history that a player was made a territorial selection based on his pre-college roots.[2] Chamberlain immediately became the NBA’s best paid player, earning $30,000 in his rookie contract; in comparison, the previous top earner was Bob Cousy of the Boston Celtics with $25,000, and Gottlieb had bought the whole Warriors franchise for $25,000 seven years earlier.[34]

In the 1959–60 NBA season, Chamberlain joined a Warriors squad which was coached by Neil Johnston and contained Hall-of-Fame guards Tom Gola and Paul Arizin, plus Ernie Beck and his old rival Guy Rodgers—remarkably, all five Warriors starters were Philadelphians. In his first NBA game against the New York Knicks, the rookie center scored 43 points and 28 rebounds.[35] In his fourth game Philadelphia met the reigning champions, the Boston Celtics of Hall-of-Fame coach Red Auerbach, whose offer Chamberlain had snubbed several years before, and his old NCAA rival, Bill Russell, who was now lauded as one of the best defensive pivots in the game.[35] In what was the first of many Chamberlain-Russell match-ups, Chamberlain outscored Russell with 30 points versus 28 points, but Boston won the game. Cherry called this outcome the first of many great duels between these pivots.[35] The rivalry between Chamberlain and his perennial nemesis (Russell) would grow out to become one of the NBA’s greatest on-court rivalries of all time.[5] Nevertheless, the two also became friends in personal life, similar to later rivals Magic Johnson and Larry Bird.[36]

In his first NBA season, Chamberlain averaged 37.6 points and 27 rebounds, convincingly breaking the previous regular-season records. He only needed 56 games to score point number 2,102, which broke the all-time regular season scoring record of Bob Pettit, who needed 72 games to score 2,101 points.[37] Chamberlain won both the NBA Most Valuable Player and NBA Rookie of the Year awards in the same season—a feat equaled only by fellow Hall-of-Famer Wes Unseld in the 1968–69 NBA season—and broke eight NBA records.[4][37] Chamberlain capped off his rookie season awards by also winning the 1960 NBA All-Star Game MVP award with a 23 point, 25 rebound performance for the East. However, it also became evident that he was a miserable free throw shooter, hardly making half of his foul shots. As time progressed, Chamberlain became even worse, and acknowledged he was simply a head case on that matter.[38]

The Warriors entered the 1960 NBA Playoffs and beat the Syracuse Nationals, setting up a meeting versus the Eastern Division champions, the Boston Celtics. Cherry described how Celtics coach Red Auerbach ordered his forward Tom Heinsohn to commit personal fouls on Chamberlain: whenever the Warriors shot foul shots, Heinsohn grabbed and shoved Chamberlain to prevent him from running back quickly; his intention was that the Celtics would throw the ball in so fast that the prolific shotblocker Chamberlain was not back under his own basket yet, and Boston could score an easy fastbreak basket.[37] The teams split the first two games, but in Game 3, Chamberlain got fed up with Heinsohn and punched him. In the scuffle, the Warriors’ center injured his hand, and Philadelphia lost the next two games.[37] In Game 5, his hand was back to normal, and Chamberlain scored 50 points on Bill Russell. But in Game 6, Heinsohn got the last laugh, scoring the decisive basket with a last-second tip in.[37] The Warriors lost the series 2 games to 4.[2]

The rookie Chamberlain then shocked the Warriors’ fans by saying he was thinking of retiring. He was tired of being subjected to double- and triple teams, and teams coming down on him with hard fouls. Chamberlain feared he might lose his cool one day.[2] As Celtics forward Heinsohn said, himself no stranger to dirty play against Chamberlain: “Half the fouls against him [Chamberlain] were hard fouls … he took the most brutal pounding of any player ever”.[2] In addition, Chamberlain was seen as a freak of nature, jeered at by the fans and scorned by the media. As Chamberlain often said, quoting coach Alex Hannum’s explanation of his situation, “Nobody loves Goliath.”[4] Eddie Gottlieb coaxed Chamberlain back into the NBA, sweetening his return with a salary raise to $65,000.[39]

The following season, Chamberlain surpassed his rookie season statistics as he averaged 38.4 points per game and 27.2 rebounds per game. He became the first player to break the 3,000-point barrier and the first and still only player to break the 2,000-rebound barrier for a single season, grabbing 2,149 boards.[40] Chamberlain also won his first field goal percentage title, and set the all-time record for rebounds in a single game with 55.[4] Chamberlain was so dominant on that team that he scored almost 32% of his team’s points and 30.4% of their rebounds.[39]

Chamberlain again failed to convert his play into team success, however, this time bowing out against the Syracuse Nationals in a three-game sweep.[41] Cherry noted that Chamberlain was “difficult” and did not respect coach Neil Johnston, who was unable to handle the star center. In retrospect Eddie Gottlieb remarked: “My mistake was not getting a stronghanded coach… [Johnston] wasn’t ready for big time.”[42]

In his third Warriors season, the Warriors were coached by Frank McGuire, the coach who had masterminded Chamberlain’s painful NCAA loss against the Tar Heels. In that year the center set several all-time records which have never been threatened since. In the 1961–62 NBA season he averaged 50.4 points and grabbed 25.7 rebounds per game.[40] And perhaps most astounding on March 2, 1962, in Hershey, Pennsylvania, Wilt scored 100 points, shooting 36 of 63 from the field, and making 28 out of 32 free throws against the New York Knicks. Chamberlain’s 4,029 regular-season points made him the first and only player to break the 4,000-point barrier.[2] To place this in perspective the only player other than Chamberlain to break the 3,000-point barrier is Michael Jordan, who scored 3,041 points in the 1986–87 NBA season. Chamberlain once again broke the 2,000 rebound barrier by grabbing 2,052 rebounds. Additionally, he was on the hardwood for an average of 48.5 minutes, playing 3,882 of his team’s 3,890 minutes.[40] Because Chamberlain played in overtime games, he averaged more minutes per game than the 48 minutes in regulation; in fact, Chamberlain would have hit the 3,890 minute mark if he had not been ejected in one game after picking up his second technical foul with 8 minutes left to play.[43]

His extraordinary feats in the 1961–62 season were later subject of the book Wilt, 1962 by Gary M. Pomerantz (2005), who used Chamberlain as a metaphor for the uprising of Black America.[44] In addition to Chamberlain’s regular season accomplishments, he scored 42 points in the 1962 NBA All-Star Game—still the all-time record—on 17–23 shooting and pulled down 24 rebounds.

In the 1962 NBA Playoffs, the Warriors met the Boston Celtics again in the Eastern Division Finals, a team which Bob Cousy and Bill Russell called the greatest Celtics team of all time.[45] Each team won their home games, so the series was split 3–3 after six games. In a closely contested Game 7 Chamberlain tied the score at 107 with 16 seconds to go, but then Celtics shooting guard Sam Jones sank a clutch shot which won Boston the game and the series.[45][46] In later years Chamberlain was criticized for averaging 50 points, but not winning a title. In his defense Warriors coach Frank McGuire said “Wilt has been simply super-human”, and pointed out that the Warriors lacked a consistent second scorer, a playmaker, and a second big man to take the pressure off Chamberlain.[38]

In the 1962–63 NBA season, Eddie Gottlieb sold the Warriors franchise for an amount of $850,000 to a group of businessmen led by Marty Simmons from San Francisco, and the team relocated to become the San Francisco Warriors under a new coach, Bob Feerick.[47] This also meant, however, that the team broke apart, as Paul Arizin chose to retire rather than moving away from his family and his job at IBM in Philadelphia, and Tom Gola was homesick, requesting a trade to the lowly New York Knicks halfway through the season.[48] With both secondary scorers gone Chamberlain continued his array of statistical feats, scoring 44.8 points and grabbing 24.3 rebounds per game that year.[40] But despite Chamberlain’s individual success, the Warriors lost 49 of their 80 games and missed the playoffs.[49]

In the 1963–64 NBA season, Chamberlain got yet another new coach, Alex Hannum, and was joined by a promising rookie center, Nate Thurmond, who eventually would enter the Hall of Fame. Ex-soldier Hannum, who later entered the NBA Hall of Fame as a coach, was a crafty psychologist who emphasized defense and passing. Most importantly, he was not afraid to stand up to the dominant Chamberlain, who was known to “freeze out” (not communicate with) coaches he did not like.[50] Backed up by valuable rookie Thurmond, Chamberlain had another good season with 36.9 ppg and 22.3 rpg,[40] and the San Francisco Warriors went all the way to the NBA Finals. In that series they succumbed to the Boston Celtics team of Bill Russell again, this time losing 1–4.[51] But as Cherry remarked, not only Chamberlain, but in particular Hannum deserved much credit because he had basically had taken the bad 31–49 squad of last year plus Thurmond and made it into a NBA Finalist.[52] In the summer of 1964 Chamberlain, one of the prominent participants at the famed Rucker Park basketball court in New York City,[53] made the acquaintance of a tall, talented 17-year old teenager who played there. Soon, the young Lew Alcindor was allowed into his inner circle, and quickly idolized the ten-year older NBA player. Unfortunately, Chamberlain and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, as Alcindor would name himself later, would develop an intense personal antipathy.[54]

In the following 1964–65 NBA season, the Warriors got off to a terrible start and ran into financial trouble. At the 1965 All-Star break Chamberlain was traded to the Philadelphia 76ers, the new name of the relocated Syracuse Nationals. In return the Warriors received Paul Neumann, Connie Dierking, Lee Shaffer (who opted to retire rather than report to the Warriors), and $150,000.[2][4] When Chamberlain left the Warriors, owner Franklin Mieuli said: “Chamberlain is not an easy man to love [and] the fans in San Francisco never learned to love him. Wilt is easy to hate [...] people came to see him lose.”[30]

Philadelphia 76ers (1965–1968)

After the trade Chamberlain found himself on a promising Sixers team that included guards Hal Greer, a future Hall-of-Famer, and talented role players Larry Costello, Chet Walker and Lucious Jackson. Cherry remarks that there was a certain tension within the team: Greer was the formerly undisputed leader and was not willing to give up his authority, and Jackson, a talented center, was now forced to play power forward because Chamberlain blocked the center spot; however, as the season progressed, the three began to mesh better.[55] Chamberlain did not care for the Sixer’s coach, Dolph Schayes, because Schayes, according to him, had made several disrespectful remarks when they were rival players in the NBA.[55]

Chamberlain being defended by Bill Russell of the Boston Celtics

Statistically, Chamberlain was again outstanding, posting 34.7 ppg and 22.9 rpg for the second half of the season.[40] After defeating the Cincinnati Royals led by Oscar Robertson in the 1965 NBA Playoffs, the Sixers met Chamberlain’s familiar rival, the Boston Celtics. The press called it an even matchup in all positions, even at center, where Bill Russell was expected to give Chamberlain a tough battle.[56] Indeed, the two teams split the first six games, and because of the better season record, the last game was held in the Celtics’ Boston Garden. In that Game 7, both centers were marvelous: Chamberlain scored 30 points and 32 rebounds, and Russell logged 16 points, 27 rebounds and 8 assists.[56] In the final minute, Chamberlain hit two clutch free throws and slam dunked on Russell, bringing Boston’s lead down to 1 at 110–109 with five seconds left. Russell botched the inbounds pass, hitting a guide wire over the backboard and giving the ball back to the Sixers. Coach Schayes called timeout, and decided to run the last play over Hal Greer rather than Chamberlain, because he feared the Celtics would intentionally foul him because he was a poor foul shooter. But when Greer attempted to inbound the ball, John Havlicek stole it to preserve the Celtics’ lead.[57] For the fifth time in seven years, Russell’s team had deprived Chamberlain of the title.[2] According to Chamberlain, that was the time that people started calling him “loser”.[4] Additionally, in an April 1965 issue of Sports Illustrated Chamberlain conducted an interview entitled “My Life In A Bush League” where he criticized his fellow players, coaches, and NBA administrators.[58] Chamberlain later commented that he could see in hindsight how the interview was instrumental in damaging his public image.[58]

In the 1965–66 NBA season the Sixers experienced real tragedy when Ike Richman, the Sixers’ co-owner as well as Chamberlain’s confidant and lawyer, died of a coronary. Still reeling from the shock, the Sixers posted a 55–25 regular season record, and for his strong play, Chamberlain was handed his second MVP award.[5] In that season, the center again dominated his opposition by scoring 33.5 points and 24.6 rebounds a game, leading the league in both categories.[40] In one particular game, Chamberlain blocked a dunk attempt by Gus Johnson so hard that he dislocated Johnson’s shoulder.[59] Off the court, however, Chamberlain’s commitment to the cause was doubted, as Chamberlain was a late sleeper, lived in New York and preferred to commute to Philadelphia rather than live there, and he was only available afternoon for training. Because Schayes did not want to risk angering his best player, he scheduled the daily workout at 4 pm; this angered the team, who preferred an early schedule to have the afternoon off, but Schayes just said: “There is no other way.”[60] Irv Kosloff, who now owned the Sixers alone after Richman’s death, pleaded to him to move to Philadelphia during the season, but he was turned down.[61]

In the 1966 NBA Playoffs, the Sixers met their familiar foes, the Celtics, and for the first time even had home court advantage. However, Boston easily won the first two games on the road, winning 115–96 and 114–93; Chamberlain played within his usual range, but his supporting cast shot under 40%. This caused sports journalist Joe McGinnis to comment: “The Celtics played like champions and the Sixers just played.”[61] In Game 3, Chamberlain scored 31 points and 27 rebounds for an important road win, and the next day, coach Schayes planned to hold a joint team practice. However, Chamberlain said he was “too tired” to attend, and even refused Schayes’ plea to at least show up and shoot a few foul shots with the team. In Game 4, Boston won 114–108.[61] Prior to Game 5, Chamberlain was nowhere to be found, skipping practice and being non-accessible. Outwardly, Schayes defended his star center as “excused from practice”, but his team mates knew the truth and were much less forgiving.[61] In Game 5 itself, Chamberlain was superb, scoring 46 points and 34 rebounds, but the Celtics won the game 120–112 and the series.[62] Cherry is highly critical of Chamberlain: while conceding he was the only Sixers player who performed in the series, he points out his unprofessional, egotistical behavior and being a bad example for his team mates.[61]

Prior to the 1966–67 NBA season, the friendly but unassertive Dolph Schayes was replaced by a familiar face, the crafty but firm Alex Hannum. In what Cherry calls a tumultuous locker room meeting, Hannum addressed several key issues he observed during the last season, several of them putting Chamberlain in an unfavorable light. Sixers forward Chet Walker testified that on several occasions, players had to pull Chamberlain and Hannum apart to prevent a fistfight.[63] Fellow forward Billy Cunningham observed that “Hannum showed who was the boss” and “never backed down”, and by doing this, won Chamberlain’s respect.[63] When emotions cooled off, Hannum pointed out that Chamberlain and he were on the same side, trying to win a championship ring; but to pull this off, the center – like all others – needed to “act like a man” and behave accordingly on and off the court.[63] Concerning basketball, he persuaded him to change his style of play. Loaded with several other players who could score, such as future Hall-of-Famers Hal Greer and newcomer Billy Cunningham, Hannum wanted Chamberlain to concentrate more on defense.[4][64]

As a result, Chamberlain was less dominant, taking only 14% of the team’s shots (in his 50.4 ppg season 1961–62, it had been 35.3%), but extremely efficient: he averaged a career-low 24.1 points, but he led the league in rebounds (24.2), ended third in assists (7.8), had a record breaking .683 field goal accuracy, and played strong defense.[40] For these feats, Chamberlain earned his third MVP award. The Sixers charged their way to a then-record 68–13 season, including a record 46–4 start.[2] In addition, the formerly egotistical Chamberlain began to praise his team mates, lauding hardworking Luke Jackson as the “ultimate power forward”, calling Hal Greer a deadly jumpshooter, and point guard Wali Jones an excellent defender and outsider scorer.[63] Off the court, the center invited the team to restaurants and paid the entire bill, knowing he earned 10 times more than all the others.[63] Greer, who was considered a consummate professional and often clashed with the center because of his attitude, spoke positively of the new Wilt Chamberlain: “You knew in a minute the Big Fella [Chamberlain] was ready to go… and everybody would follow.”[63]

Chamberlain and Nate Thurmond of the San Francisco Warriors battle for the basketball.

In the 1967 NBA Playoffs, the Sixers yet again battled the Boston Celtics in the Eastern Division Finals, and again held home court advantage. In Game 1, the Sixers beat Boston 127–112, powered by Hal Greer’s 39 points and Chamberlain’s unofficial quadruple double, with 24 points, 32 rebounds, 13 assists and (unofficially counted) 12 blocks.[65] In Game 2, the Sixers won 107–102 in overtime, and player-coach Russell grudgingly praised Chamberlain for intimidating the Celtics into taking low percentage shots from further outside.[65] In Game 3, Chamberlain grabbed 41 rebounds and helped the Sixers win 115–104. The Celtics prevented a sweep by winning Game 4 with 121–117, but in Game 5, the Sixers simply overpowered the Celtics 140–116, which effectively ended Boston’s historical run of 8 consecutive NBA titles. The Sixers’ center scored 29 points, 36 rebounds and 13 assists and was highly praised by Celtics Russell and K.C. Jones.[65]

In the 1967 NBA Finals, the Sixers were pitted against Chamberlain’s old team, the San Francisco Warriors of his one-time backup Nate Thurmond and star forward Rick Barry. The Sixers won the first two games, with Chamberlain and Greer taking credit for respectively defensive dominance and clutch shooting, but San Francisco won two of the next three games, so Philadelphia was up 3–2 prior to Game 6.[65] In Game 6, the Warriors were trailing by one point with 15 seconds left. For the last play, Thurmond and Barry were assigned to do a pick and roll against Chamberlain and whoever would guard Barry. However, the Sixers foiled this plan: when Barry ran past Thurmond’s pick and drove to the basket, he was picked up by Chet Walker, making it impossible to shoot; Thurmond was covered by Chamberlain, making it impossible to pass. Barry botched his shot attempt, and the Sixers won the championship.[65] Chamberlain said: “It is a wonderful to be a part of the greatest team in basketball… being a champion is like having a big round glow inside of you.”[65] He had contributed with 17.7 ppg and 28.7 rpg against fellow future Hall-of-Fame pivot Nate Thurmond, never failing to snare at least 23 rebounds in the six games.[4][66] Chamberlain himself described the team as the best in NBA history.[40] In 2002, writer Wayne Lynch wrote a book about this remarkable Sixers season, Season of the 76ers, centering on Chamberlain.

In the 1967–68 NBA season, matters began to turn sour between Chamberlain and the Sixers’ sole surviving owner, Irv Kosloff. This conflict had been going along for a while: in 1965, Chamberlain asserted that he and the late Richman had worked out a deal which would give the center 25% of the franchise once he had ended his career.[67] Although there is no written proof for or against, Ex-Sixers coach Dolph Schayes and Sixers lawyer Alan Levitt assumed Chamberlain was right;[65] in any case, Kosloff declined the request, leaving Chamberlain livid and willing to jump to the rival ABA once his contract ended in 1967. Kosloff and Chamberlain worked out a truce, and later signed a one-year, $250,000 contract.[65]

On the hardwood, Chamberlain continued his focus on team play and registered 24.3 points and 23.8 rebounds a game for the season.[40] The 76ers had the best record in the league for the third straight season. Chamberlain made history by becoming the first and only center in NBA history to finish the season as the leader in assists, his 702 beating runner-up, Hall-of-Fame point guard Lenny Wilkens‘ total by 23.[20] For these feats, Chamberlain won his fourth and last MVP title.[5] Another landmark was his 25,000th point, making him the first ever player to score these many points: he gave the ball to his team physician Dr. Stan Lorber.[68] Winning 62 games, the Sixers easily took the first playoff berth of the 1968 NBA Playoffs. In the 1968 Eastern Division Semifinals, they were pitted against the New York Knicks. In a physically tough matchup, the Sixers lost sixth man Billy Cunningham, who broke his hand, and Chamberlain, Hal Greer and Luke Jackson were struggling with inflamed feet, bad knees and pulled hamstrings, respectively. Going ahead 3–2, the Sixers defeated the Knicks 115–97 in Game 6 after Chamberlain scored 25 points and 27 rebounds: he had a successful series in which he led both teams in points (153), rebounds (145) and assists (38).[69]

In the 1968 Eastern Division Finals, the Sixers yet again met the Boston Celtics, again with home court advantage, and this time as reigning champions. Despite the Sixers’ injury woes, coach Hannum was confident to “take the Celtics in less than seven games”: he pointed out the age of the Celtics, who were built around Bill Russell and guard Sam Jones, both 34.[70] But then, national tragedy struck as Martin Luther King was assassinated on April 4, 1968. With eight of the ten starting players on the Sixers and Celtics being African-American, both teams were in deep shock, and there were calls to cancel the series.[70] In a game called as “unreal” and “devoid of emotion”, the Sixers lost 118–127 on April 5. After attending Dr. King’s funeral, Chamberlain called out to the angry rioters who were setting fires all over the country, stating Dr. King would not have approved.[70] In Game 2, Philadelphia evened the series with 115–106, and in Games 3 and 4, the Sixers won, with Chamberlain suspiciously often played by Celtics backup center Wayne Embry, causing the press to speculate Russell was worn down.[70] Prior to Game 5, the Celtics seemed dead: no NBA team had ever come back from a 1–3 deficit.[70] However, the Celtics rallied back, winning Game 5 with 122–104 and Game 6 with 114–106, powered by a spirited John Havlicek and helped by a terrible Sixers shooting slump.[70]

What followed was the first of three consecutive controversial and painful Game 7s which Wilt Chamberlain played. In that Game 7, the Sixers could not get their act together: 15,202 stunned Philadelphia fans witnessed a historic 96–100 defeat, making it the first time in NBA history a team lost a series after leading 3–1. Although Cherry points out that the Sixers shot badly (Hal Greer, Wali Jones, Chet Walker, Luke Jackson and Matt Guokas hit a combined 25 of 74 shots) and Chamberlain grabbed 34 rebounds and shot 4-of-9, the center himself scored only 14 points.[70] In the second half of Game 7, Chamberlain did not attempt a single shot from the field.[64] Cherry observes a strange pattern in that game: in a typical Sixers game, Chamberlain got the ball 60 times in the low post, but in that Game 7, only 23 times, and only seven times in the third and only two times in the fourth quarter.[70] Chamberlain later blamed coach Hannum for the lack of touches (i.e. scoring opportunities), a point which the coach conceded himself, but Cherry points out that Chamberlain, who always thought of himself as the best player of all time, should have been outspoken enough to demand the ball himself.[70] The loss meant that Chamberlain was now 1–6 in playoff series against the Celtics.

After that season, coach Alex Hannum wanted to be closer to his family on the West Coast; he left the Sixers to coach the Oakland Oaks in the newly founded American Basketball Association.[71] Chamberlain then asked for a trade, and Sixers general manager Jack Ramsay traded him to the Los Angeles Lakers for Darrall Imhoff, Archie Clark and Jerry Chambers.[64] The motivation for this move remains in dispute. According to sportswriter Roland Lazenby, a journalist close to the Lakers, Chamberlain was angry at Kosloff for breaking the alleged Richman-Chamberlain deal,[30] but according to Dr. Jack Ramsay, who was the Sixers general manager then, Chamberlain also threatened to jump to the ABA after Hannum left, and forced the trade himself.[64] Cherry finally adds several personal reasons: the center felt he had grown too big for Philadelphia, sought the presence of fellow celebrities (which were plenty in L.A.) and finally also desired the opportunity to date white women, which was possible for a black man in L.A. but hard to imagine elsewhere back then.[72]

Los Angeles Lakers (1968–1973)

On July 9, 1968, Chamberlain was the centerpiece of a major trade between the 76ers and the Los Angeles Lakers, who sent center Darrall Imhoff (the unfortunate ex-Knicks center who started against Chamberlain when the latter scored 100 points), forward Jerry Chambers and guard Archie Clark to Philadelphia, making it the first time a reigning NBA Most Valuable Player was traded the next season.[73] Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke gave Chamberlain an unprecedented contract, paying him $250,000 after taxes; in comparison, previous Laker top earner Jerry West was paid $100,000 before taxes.[74]

Chamberlain joined a squad which featured Hall-of-Fame forward Elgin Baylor and Hall-of-Fame guard Jerry West, along with backup center Mel Counts, forwards Keith Erickson and Tom Hawkins and talented but diminutive 5 ft 11 in guard Johnny Egan. The lack of a second guard next to West (and thus, the lack of speed and quickness) concerned coach Butch Van Breda Kolff; after losing Clark and Gail Goodrich, who joined the Phoenix Suns after the 1968 expansion draft, he said: “Egan gets murdered on defense because of his [lack of] size… but if I don’t play him, we look like a bunch of trucks.”[75] In addition, Cherry observed that Chamberlain was neither a natural leader nor a loyal follower, which made him difficult to fit in.[74] While he was on cordial terms with Jerry West, he often argued with team captain Elgin Baylor; regarding Baylor, he later explained: “We were good friends, but… [in] black culture… you never let the other guy one-up you.”[74] The greatest problem was his tense relationship with Lakers coach Butch Van Breda Kolff: pejoratively calling the new recruit “The Load”, he later complained that Chamberlain was egotistical, never respected him, too often slacked off in practice and focused too much on his own statistics.[74] In return, the center blasted Van Breda Kolff as “the dumbest and worst coach ever”.[30][74] Laker Keith Erickson observed that “Butch catered to Elgin and Jerry… and that is not a good way to get on Wilt’s side… that relationship was doomed from the start.”[74]

Chamberlain experienced a problematic and often frustrating season. Van Breda Kolff benched him several times, which never happened in his career before; in mid-season, the perennial scoring champion had two games in which he scored only six and then only 2 points.[75] Playing through his problems, Chamberlain averaged 20.5 points and 21.1 rebounds a game that season.[40] However, Jack Kent Cooke was pleased, because since acquiring Chamberlain, ticket sales had gone up by 11 percent.[75]

In the 1969 playoffs, the Lakers dispatched of Chamberlain’s old club, the San Francisco Warriors with 4–2 after losing the first two games, and then defeated the Atlanta Hawks and met Chamberlain’s familiar rivals, Bill Russell’s Boston Celtics.[75] Going into the series as 3-to-1 favorites, the Lakers won their first two games, but dropped the next two. Chamberlain was criticized as a non-factor in the series, getting neutralized by Bill Russell with little effort.[75] But in Game 5, the Lakers center started to come to life, scoring 13 points and grabbing 31 rebounds, helping to lead Los Angeles to a 117–104 win. In Game 6, the Celtics won 99–90, and Chamberlain only scored eight points; Cherry accuses him of choking, because if “Chamberlain had came up big and put up a normal 30 point scoring night”, L.A. would have probably won its first championship.[75]

Game 7 featured a surreal scene: in anticipation of a Lakers win, Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke had put up thousands of balloons in the rafters of the Forum in Los Angeles. This display of arrogance motivated the Celtics and angered Jerry West.[75] In that match, Chamberlain experienced his second Game 7 debacle. The Lakers trailed by 76–91 after three quarters. But powered by a limping Jerry West, who played with a deep thigh bruise after Game 5, the Lakers mounted a comeback; but then, Chamberlain twisted his knee after a rebound and had to be replaced by Mel Counts. With three minutes to go, and West and Counts hitting clutch baskets, the Lakers trailed by only 102–103. But when the Celtics tightened up their defense, the Lakers committed costly turnovers and lost the game 106–108 despite 42 points, 13 rebounds and 12 assists from Jerry West, who became the first and only NBA Finals MVP from the losing team.[75]

After the game, the key question was why Chamberlain had stayed out the final six minutes. At the time of his final substitution, he had scored 18 points (hitting 7 of his 8 shots) and grabbed 27 rebounds, significantly better than the 10 points of Mel Counts on 4-of-13 shooting.[75] To justify a late minute sub, either Chamberlain’s injury had to be grave, or Van Breda Kolff’s trust in Counts absolute. Among others, Bill Russell did not believe Chamberlain’s injury was grave, and openly accused him of being a malingerer: “Any injury short of a broken leg or a broken back is not enough.”[75] Ironically, Van Breda Kolff came to Chamberlain’s defense, insisting the often-maligned Lakers center hardly was able to move in the end.[75] He himself was perceived as “pig-headed” for benching Chamberlain, and soon resigned as a Lakers coach.[75] Cherry comments that according to some journalists, that Game 7 “destroyed two careers: Wilt’s because he wouldn’t take over and Van Breda Kolff because he wouldn’t give in”.[75]

In his second Lakers year under new coach Joe Mullaney, Chamberlain seriously injured his knee. He was injured in the ninth game of the schedule and missed the next several months before appearing in the final three games of the 82-game regular season. Owing to a great start, he managed to average 27.3 points, 18.4 rebounds and 4.1 assists per game.[40] Again, the Lakers charged through the playoffs, and in the 1970 NBA Finals, the Lakers were pitted against the New York Knicks, loaded with future Hall-of-Famers Willis Reed, Dave DeBusschere, Bill Bradley, and Walt Frazier. Cherry observed that Reed, a prolific midrange shooter, was a bad matchup for Chamberlain: having lost lateral quickness due to his injury, the Lakers center was often too slow to block Reed’s preferred high post jump shots.[76] In Game 1, Reed masterminded a 124–112 win in which he scored 37 points on Chamberlain. In Game 2, Chamberlain scored 19 points, grabbed 24 rebounds and blocked Reed’s shot in the final seconds, leading the Lakers to a 105–103 win.[76] Game 3 featured Jerry West hitting an unbelievable 60-foot buzzer beater to tie the game at 102; however, the Knicks took the game 111–108.[76] In Game 4, Chamberlain scored 18 points and grabbed 25 rebounds and helped tie the series at two games each.[76] But in Game 5, things seemed to go awry for the Knicks: trailing by double digits, Reed pulled his thigh muscle and seemed to be done for the series. By conventional wisdom, Chamberlain now should have dominated against little-used Knicks backup centers Nate Bowman and Bill Hosket or forwards Bradley and DeBusschere, who gave up more than half a foot against the Lakers center.[76] Instead, the Lakers gave away their 13 point halftime lead and succumbed to the aggressive Knicks defense: L.A. committed 19 second half turnovers, and the two main scorers Chamberlain and West shot the ball only three and two times, respectively, in the entire second half.[76] The Lakers lost 100–107 in what was called one of the greatest comebacks in NBA Finals history.[76] In Game 6, Chamberlain scored 45 points and almost single-handedly equalized the series in a 135–113 Lakers win, and with Reed out, the Knicks seemed doomed prior to Game 7 in New York.[76]

However, the hero of that Game 7 was Willis Reed. He famously hobbled up court, scored the first four points, and inspired his team to one of the most famous playoff upsets of all time.[77] At halftime, the Knicks were already up by 27, and despite scoring 21 points, Chamberlain could not prevent his third consecutive painful Game 7 loss. The Lakers center himself was criticized for his inability to dominate his injured counterpart, but Cherry pointed out that Chamberlain’s feat – coming back from career-threatening injury himself – was too quickly forgotten.[76]

In the 1970–71 NBA season, the Lakers made a notable move by signing future Hall-of-Fame guard Gail Goodrich, who came back from the Phoenix Suns after playing for L.A. until 1968. Chamberlain averaged 20.7 points, 18.2 rebounds and 4.3 assists,[40] once again led the NBA in rebounding and the Lakers won the Pacific Division title. After losing Elgin Baylor to an Achilles tendon rupture that effectively ended his career, and especially after losing Jerry West after a knee injury, the handicapped Lakers were seen as underdogs against the Milwaukee Bucks of freshly crowned MVP Lew Alcindor, better known under his later Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and veteran Hall-of-Fame guard Oscar Robertson in the Western Conference Finals. Winning the regular season with 66 wins, the Bucks were seen as favourites against the depleted Lakers; still, many pundits were looking forward to the matchup between the 34-year old Chamberlain and the 24-year old Abdul-Jabbar.[78] In Game 1, Abdul-Jabbar outscored Chamberlain 32–22, and the Bucks won 106–85. In Game 2, the Bucks won again despite the Lakers center scoring 26 points, four more than his Milwaukee counterpart. Prior to Game 3, things became even worse for the Lakers when Keith Erickson, West’s stand-in, had an appendectomy and was out for the season; with only rookie Jim McMillan easing the scoring pressure, Chamberlain churned out a 24-point-24-rebound effort in Game 4 to a Lakers win, but finally the Bucks soundly defeated the Lakers 116–98 at home.[79] Although Chamberlain lost, he was lauded for holding his own against MVP Abdul-Jabbar, who was not only 10 years younger but still had two healthy knees.[78]

After the 1971 playoffs, Chamberlain had an offer to fight heavyweight boxing legend Muhammad Ali. The 15-round fight would have taken place on July 26, 1971 in the Houston Astrodome but Chamberlain finally refused the match.[20] In an 1999 interview, Chamberlain stated that boxing trainer Cus D’Amato wanted to train him for the fight, and they offered Ali and him $5 million each to battle each other. However, after checking back with his father, Chamberlain finally said no.[80][81]

In the 1971–72 NBA season, the Lakers hired former Celtics star guard Bill Sharman as head coach. Sharman introduced morning shoot-arounds, in which the perennial latecomer Chamberlain regularly participated (in contrast to earlier years with Dolph Schayes) and transformed him into a defensive-minded, low-scoring post defender in the mold of his old rival Bill Russell.[82] Furthermore, he told Chamberlain to use his rebounding and passing skills to quickly initiate fastbreaks to his teammates, forwards Happy Hairston and MacMillian, guards Goodrich and West, and bench players Flynn Robinson and LeRoy Ellis.[83]

While no longer being the main scorer, Chamberlain was named the new captain of the Lakers: after his Achilles tendon rupture, perennial captain Elgin Baylor had ended his career, leaving a void the center now filled. Initially, Sharman had wanted Chamberlain and West to share this duty, but West declined, stating that he was injury-prone and wanted to solely concentrate on the game.[84] Chamberlain accepted his new roles and posted an all-time low 14.8 points, but also won the rebound crown with 19.2 rpg and led the league with a .649 field goal percentage.[40] Powered by his defensive presence, the Lakers would embark on an unprecedented 33 game win streak en route to a then-record 69 wins in the regular season.

In the post-season, the Lakers defeated the Chicago Bulls in a sweep,[85] then went on to face the Milwaukee Bucks of young superstar center and regular-season MVP Kareem Abdul-Jabbar again. The matchup between Chamberlain and Abdul-Jabbar was hailed by LIFE magazine as the greatest matchup in all of sports. Chamberlain would help lead the Lakers past Jabbar and the Bucks in 6 games.[85] Particularly, Chamberlain was lauded for his final Game 6 performance, which the Lakers won 106–100 after trailing by 10 points in the fourth quarter: he scored 24 points and 22 rebounds, played a complete 48 minutes and outsprinted the younger Bucks center on several late Lakers fast breaks.[86] Jerry West called it “the greatest ball-busting performance I have ever seen.”[86] Chamberlain performed so well in the series that TIME magazine stated, “In the N.B.A.’s western division title series with Milwaukee, he (Chamberlain) decisively outplayed basketball’s newest giant superstar, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, eleven years his junior.”[87]

In the 1972 NBA Finals, the Lakers again met the New York Knicks; the Knicks were shorthanded after losing Willis Reed to injury, and so, undersized 6’8″ Jerry Lucas had the task to defend against the 7’1″ Chamberlain.[88] However, prolific outside shooter Lucas helped New York to win Game 1, hitting 9 of his 11 shots in the first half alone; in Game 2, which the Lakers won 106–92, Chamberlain put Lucas into foul trouble, and the Knicks lost defensive power forward Dave DeBusschere to injury.[88] In Game 3, Chamberlain scored 26 points and grabbed 20 rebounds for another Lakers win, and in a fiercely battled Game 4, the Lakers center was with playing with five fouls late in the match. Having never fouled out in his NBA career – a feat he was very proud of – he played aggressive defense despite the risk of fouling out, and blocked two of Lucas’ shots in overtime, proving those wrong who said he only played for his own stats; he ended scoring a game-high 27 points.[88] But in that game, he had fallen on his right hand, and was said to have “sprained” it; in fact, it was broken. For Game 5, Chamberlain’s hands were packed into thick pads normally destined for defensive linesmen in American Football; he was offered a painkilling shot, but refused because he feared he would lose his shooting touch if his hands became numb.[88] In Game 5, Chamberlain recorded 24 points, 29 rebounds, 8 assists and 8 blocked shots. (While blocked shots were not an official NBA stat at that time, announcer Keith Jackson counted up the block shots during the broadcast.[citation needed]) Chamberlain’s outstanding all-around performance helped the L.A. Lakers win their first championship with a decisive 114–100 win.[88] Chamberlain was named Most Valuable Player of the NBA Finals,[40] and was admired for dominating the Knicks in Game 5 while playing injured.[88]

The 1972–73 NBA season was to be Chamberlain’s last, although he did not know this at the time. In his last NBA year, the Lakers had lost substance: Happy Hairston was injured, Flynn Robinson and LeRoy Ellis had left L.A., and veteran Jerry West struggled with sensitive hamstrings.[89] Chamberlain averaged 13.2 points and 18.6 rebounds, still enough to win the rebounding crown for the 11th time in his career. In addition, he shot with an all-time NBA record .727 accuracy from the field, bettering his own mark of .683 from the 1966–67 season—neither percentage has been topped by any other player.[40] It was the ninth time Chamberlain would lead the league in field goal percentage. The Lakers won 60 games in the regular season and reached the 1973 NBA Finals against the New York Knicks. This time, the tables were turned: the Knicks now featured a healthy team with a rejuvenated Willis Reed, and the Lakers were now handicapped by several injuries.[89]

In that series, the Lakers won Game 1 with 115–112, but the Knicks won Games 2 and 3; things worsened when Jerry West injured his hamstring yet again. In Game 4, the shorthanded Lakers were no match for New York, and in Game 5, the valiant, but injured West and Hairston had miserable games, and despite Chamberlain scoring 23 points and grabbing 21 rebounds, the Lakers lost 93–102 and the series.[90][91] Chamberlain did not yet know that this loss was the last professional game of his career.

San Diego Conquistadors (1973)

In 1973, the San Diego Conquistadors of the NBA rival league ABA signed Chamberlain as a player-coach for a $600,000 salary.[92] However, the Lakers sued their former star and successfully prevented him from actually playing, because he still owed them the option year of his contract.[4] Barred from playing, Chamberlain mostly left the coaching duties to his assistant Stan Albeck, who recalled: “Chamberlain… has a great feel for pro basketball… [but] the day-to-day things that are an important part of basketball… just bored him. He did not have the patience.”[92] The players were split on Chamberlain, who was seen as competent, but often indifferent and more occupied with promotion of his autobiography Wilt: Just Like Any Other 7-Foot Black Millionaire Who Lives Next Door than with coaching.[92] In his single season as a coach, the “Qs”, as the Conquistadors were colloquially called, went a mediocre 37–47 in the regular season and lost against the Utah Stars in the Division Semifinals.[92] However, Chamberlain was not pleased by the meagre Qs’ attendance: the crowd was an average 1,843, hardly filling half of the Qs’ small San Diego 3,200-seat sports arena.[92] After the season, Chamberlain retired from professional basketball.

Post-NBA career

After his stint with the Qs, Chamberlain successfully went into business and entertainment, made money in stocks and real estate, opened a popular Harlem nightclub, Big Wilt’s Smalls Paradise, and invested in broodmares.[33] Chamberlain also sponsored his personal professional volleyball and track and field teams, and also provided high-level teams for girls and women in basketball, track, volleyball and softball,[93] and made money by appearing in ads for TWA, American Express, Volkswagen, Drexel Burnham, Le Tigre Clothing and Foot Locker.[33]

After his basketball career, volleyball became Chamberlain’s new passion: being a talented hobby volleyballer (albeit due to lack of technique, not as excellent as volleyball All-American Lakers team mate Keith Erickson) during his Lakers days,[90] he became board member of the newly founded International Volleyball Association in 1974 and became its president one year later.[7] As a testament to his importance, the IVA All-Star game was televised only because Chamberlain also played in it: he rose to the challenge and was named the game’s MVP.[7] He played occasional matches for the IVA Seattle Smashers before the league folded in 1979. However, Chamberlain had promoted the sport so effectively that he was named to the Volleyball Hall of Fame: he became one of the few athletes who were enshrined in different sports.[7]

In addition, Chamberlain played a villainous warrior and counterpart of Arnold Schwarzenegger in the film Conan the Destroyer (1984), where his most remarkable spoken phrase is “thieves should be hanged”: This caused his physician, Dr. Lorber, to jokingly greet Chamberlain with “thieves should be hanged” whenever they met.[94] When million-dollar contracts became common in the NBA, Chamberlain increasingly felt he had been underpaid during his career.[95] A result of this resentment was the 1997 book Who’s Running the Asylum? Inside the Insane World of Sports Today (1997), in which he harshly criticized the NBA of the 1990s for being too disrespectful of players of the past.[96]

Even far beyond his playing days, Chamberlain was a very fit person. In his mid-forties, he was able to humble rookie Magic Johnson in practice,[97] and even in the 1980s, he flirted with making a comeback in the NBA. In the 1980–81 NBA season, coach Larry Brown recalled that the 45-year-old Chamberlain had received an offer from the Cleveland Cavaliers. When Chamberlain was 50, the New Jersey Nets had the same idea, and Chamberlain declined again.[97] However, he would continue to epitomize physical fitness for years to come, including participating in several marathons.[4]

In 1992, Chamberlain was briefly hospitalized for an irregular heartbeat.[98] According to those close to him, he eventually began taking medication for his heart troubles.[99][100] On October 12, 1999, rescuers found him dead upon being summoned to his Bel Air, California, home.[101] His agent reported, after speaking with Chamberlain’s cardiologist, that Chamberlain died of congestive heart failure, his health having deteriorated rapidly during the month preceding his death.[102]

Legacy

“He was basketball’s unstoppable force, the most awesome offensive force the game has ever seen.”
—Introductory line of Chamberlain’s NBA Encyclopedia biography[2]

The 7-foot-1, two-time NBA champion Chamberlain is universally regarded as one of the most extraordinary and dominant basketball players ever.[5] The 1972 NBA Finals MVP is holder of numerous official NBA all-time records, establishing himself as a scoring champion, all-time top rebounder and setting yardsticks in field goal accuracy. He was also responsible for several rule changes, including widening the lane from 12 to 16 feet, as well as changes to rules regarding inbounding the ball[103] and shooting free throws.[97] Chamberlain’s main weakness was his notoriously poor free throw shooting, where he has the third lowest career free throw percentage in NBA history (based on a minimum of 1200 attempts). He later acknowledged that he was a “psycho case” in this matter.[38] On the other hand, he committed surprisingly few fouls during his NBA career despite the rugged play in the post. Chamberlain never fouled out of a regular season or playoff game in his 14 years in the NBA. His career average was only 2.0 fouls per game despite having average 45.6 minutes per game over his career. He had 5 seasons where he committed less than 2 fouls per game, with a career low of 1.5 fouls during the 1961-62 season. That same season he averaged 50.4 points per game. His fouls per 36 minutes (a stat used to compare players that average vastly different minutes) was a remarkable 1.6 fouls per game.[3]

For his feats, Chamberlain was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, named one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History, ranked #2 in SLAM Magazine‘s Top 50 NBA Players of all time[104] and #13 in the ESPN list “Top North American athletes of the century”[105] and voted second best center of all time by ESPN behind Kareem Abdul-Jabbar on March 6, 2007.[106] His on-court rivalry against Bill Russell is acknowledged as one of the greatest NBA individual rivalries of all time.[5]

In political philosophy Chamberlain is known for the so-called “Wilt Chamberlain Argument.” Libertarian philosopher Robert Nozick states that if fans agreed to pay to see him play, then Chamberlain was entitled to a greater amount of resources because the inequality will have resulted from a free exchange of resources. Nozick used Chamberlain as a real-life example to argue that non-entitlement theories of justice were inherently unjust.[107]

Despite his very public persona, Chamberlain’s philanthropy was mostly done out of the spotlight. Upon his death, it was revealed that in his estate had he had left $650,000 to the Kansas University Endowment Association. The money was used to establish scholarships for a variety of students, including first-generation low-income students, women athletes, and men’s basketball student-athletes. $150,000 established the Wilt Chamberlain KU Basketball Clinic for Special Olympics Fund that aids the existing annual basketball clinic for Special Olympians that are run by the KU athletics department.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART TWO 1980-1990

THE NBA LAGENDARY STAR 1984

 

CREATED BY

Dr IWAN SUWANDY

Limited private edition In CD-ROM

Jakarta@copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

 

 

 

 

Introductions

The best NBA games during 1980-1990 was NBA Final 1984 between LA LAKERS vs BOSTON CELTIC

 

LA LAKERS WIN THE GAMES

 

 

 

 

 

The best NBA Star players from LA LAKERS were Kareem Abdul Jabbar no 33

 

and Magic Johnson no 32

 

, BOSTON CELTIC were Larry Bird no 33

 

 

and Kavin Mc Hale no 32

 

 

I.The Greatest Momment of NBA Final 1984’s vintage picture

a.Kareem abdul Jabbar no 33

 

b.Magic Johnson no 32

 

 

c.Larry Bird no 33

 

d.Kavin Mc Hale no 32

II.The Rare NBA Card

a.Kareem abdul Jabbar

b.Magic Johnson

c.Larry Bird

d.Kavin Mc Hale

 

 

III.The Biography of NBA Star

a.Kareem abdul Jabbar

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

For the National Football League player, see Abdul-Karim al-Jabbar.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

 

Los Angeles Lakers Kareem Abdul-Jabbar guarded by Boston Celtics Robert Parish and Kevin McHale late 1980s.

No. 33

Center

Personal information

Date of birth

April 16, 1947 (1947-04-16) (age 64)

Place of birth

New York City

Listed height

7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)

Listed weight

225 lb (102 kg)

Career information

College

UCLA

NBA Draft

1969 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1st overall

Selected by the Milwaukee Bucks

Pro career

1969–1989

Career history

Career highlights and awards

Career statistics

Points

38,387

Rebounds

17,440

Blocks

3,189

Info Page

Stats at Basketball-Reference.com

Basketball Hall of Fame as player

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (born Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Jr., April 16, 1947) is a retired American basketball player, coach, actor, and author. He is the NBA’s all-time leading scorer, with 38,387 points. During his career with the NBA‘s Milwaukee Bucks and Los Angeles Lakers from 1969 to 1989, Abdul-Jabbar won six NBA championships and a record six regular season MVP Awards. In college at UCLA, he played on three consecutive national championship teams, and his high school team won 71 consecutive games. At the time of his retirement, Abdul-Jabbar was the NBA’s all-time leader in points scored, games played, minutes played, field goals made, field goal attempts, blocked shots, defensive rebounds, and personal fouls.

Contents

Early life

Abdul-Jabbar was born Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Jr on April 16, 1947, and grew up in Manhattan in New York City, the only child of Cora Lillian, a department store price checker, and Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Sr, a transit police officer and jazz musician.[1][2] At birth, he weighed 12 pounds, 10 ounces (5.73 kg), and was twenty-two and a half inches (57.2 cm) long.[3] He was raised as a Catholic and attended St. Jude School in the Inwood section of Manhattan. Later in life he converted to Islam.[4] He initially joined the Nation of Islam in 1968, before retaking the Shahada and converting to Sunni Islam that same summer.[5]

From an early age he began his record-breaking basketball accomplishments. In high school, he led Power Memorial Academy to three straight New York City Catholic championships, a 71-game winning streak, and a 79–2 overall record.[6]

 

 

 

College

Lew Alcindor (Jabbar) with the reverse two hand dunk.

Lew Alcindor played three seasons for the UCLA Bruins from 1966–69 under coach John Wooden, contributing to the team’s three-year record of 88 wins and only two losses: one to the University of Houston (see below) and the other to crosstown rival USC who played a “stall game” (i.e., there was no shot clock in those days, so a team could hold the ball as long as it wanted before attempting to score).

During his college career, Alcindor was twice named Player of the Year (1967, 1969), was a three-time First Team All-American (1967–69), played on three NCAA basketball champion teams (1967, 1968, 1969), was honored as the Most Outstanding Player in the NCAA Tournament (1967, 1968, 1969), and became the first-ever Naismith College Player of the Year in 1969.

In 1967 and 1968 he also won USBWA College Player of the Year which later became the Oscar Robertson Trophy. Alcindor became the only player to win the Helms Foundation Player of the Year award three times. The 1965–1966 UCLA Bruin team was the preseason #1. But on November 27, 1965, the freshman team led by Alcindor defeated the varsity team 75–60 in the first game in the new Pauley Pavilion.[7] Alcindor scored 31 points and had 21 rebounds in that game.

The dunk was banned in college basketball after the 1967 season, primarily because of Alcindor’s dominant use of the shot.[6][8] It was not allowed again until 1976.

While playing for UCLA, he suffered a scratched left cornea on January 12, 1968, at the Cal game when he was struck by Tom Henderson of Cal in a rebound battle.[9] He would miss the next two games against Stanford and Portland.[6] This happened right before the momentous game against Houston. His cornea later would be scratched again during his pro career, subsequently causing him to wear goggles for protection.

Alcindor boycotted the 1968 Summer Olympics by deciding not to join the United States Men’s Olympic Basketball team that year, protesting the unequal treatment of African-Americans in the United States.[10]

Besides playing basketball, Alcindor also earned a degree in history from UCLA.

Game of the Century

Main article: Game of the Century (college basketball)

On January 20, 1968, Alcindor and the UCLA Bruins faced the Houston Cougars in the first-ever nationally televised regular season college basketball game. In front of 52,693 fans at the Houston Astrodome, Elvin Hayes scored 39 points and had 15 rebounds—while Alcindor, who suffered from a scratch on his left cornea, was held to just 15 points—as Houston beat UCLA 71–69. The Bruins’ 47-game winning streak ended in what has been called the “Game of the Century“. Hayes and Alcindor would have a rematch in the 1968 NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Tournament where UCLA with a healthy Alcindor, would defeat Houston in the semi-finals 101–69, and go on to win the National Championship.

School records

Alcindor had an outstanding career at UCLA. As of the 2008–2009 season, he still holds or shares a number of individual records at UCLA:[11]

  • Highest career scoring average: 26.4
  • Most career field goals: 943 (tied with Don MacLean)
  • Most points in a season: 870 (1967)
  • Highest season scoring average: 29.0 (1967)
  • Most field goals in a season: 346 (1967)
  • Most free throw attempts in a season: 274 (1967)
  • Most points in a single game: 61
  • Most field goals in a single game: 26 (vs. Washington State, February 25, 1967)

Professional career

Milwaukee Bucks

The Harlem Globetrotters offered him $1 million to play for them, but he declined, and was picked first in the 1969 NBA Draft by the Milwaukee Bucks (who were in only their second season of existence.) The Bucks won a coin-toss with the Phoenix Suns for first pick. He was also chosen first overall in the 1969 American Basketball Association draft by the New York Nets.[12] The Nets believed that they had the upper hand in securing Alcindor’s services because he was from New York; however, when Alcindor told both the Bucks and the Nets that he would accept one offer only from each team, the Nets bid too low.

Lew Alcindor’s entry into the NBA was timely, as center Bill Russell had just left the Boston Celtics, and Wilt Chamberlain, though still effective, was 33 years old. Alcindor’s presence enabled the 1969–70 Bucks to claim second place in the NBA’s Eastern Division with a 56–26 record (up from 27–55 the previous year), and he was an instant star, ranking second in the league in scoring (28.8 ppg) and third in rebounding (14.5 rpg), for which he was awarded the title of NBA Rookie of the Year.[6]

The next season the Bucks acquired All-Star guard Oscar Robertson, known to sports fans as “the Big ‘O’.” Milwaukee went on to record the best record in the league with 66 victories in the 1970–71 NBA season, including a then-record of 20 straight wins. Alcindor was awarded his first of six NBA Most Valuable Player Awards, along with his first scoring title (31.7 ppg).[6] In the playoffs, the Bucks went 12–2 (including a four-game sweep of the Baltimore Bullets in the NBA Finals), won the championship, and Alcindor was named Finals MVP. On May 1, 1971, the day after the Bucks won the NBA championship, he adopted the Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, its Arabic translation roughly “generous/noble (Kareem), servant of (Abdul) the mighty/stern one (Jabbar) [i.e., of God].”

Abdul-Jabbar remained a dominant force for Milwaukee, repeating as scoring champion (34.8 ppg) and NBA Most Valuable Player the following year, and helping the Bucks to repeat as division leaders for four straight years. In 1974, Abdul-Jabbar won his third MVP Award in five years and was among the top five NBA players in scoring (27.0 ppg, third), rebounding (14.5 rpg, fourth), blocked shots (283, second), and field goal percentage (.539, second).

While remaining relatively injury-free throughout his NBA career, Abdul-Jabbar twice broke his hand. The first time was during a pre-season game in 1974, when he was bumped hard and got his eye scratched, which angered him enough to punch the basket support stanchion. When he returned, after missing the first 16 games of the season, he started to wear protective goggles. The second time he broke his hand was in the opening game of the 1977–78 NBA season. Two minutes into the game, Abdul-Jabbar punched Milwaukee‘s Kent Benson in retaliation for an overly aggressive elbow. He was out for two months.

Although Abdul-Jabbar always spoke well of Milwaukee and its fans, he said that being in the Midwest did not fit his cultural needs and requested a trade to either New York or Los Angeles in October 1974.[13]

Los Angeles Lakers

In 1975, the Lakers acquired Abdul-Jabbar and reserve center Walt Wesley from the Bucks for center Elmore Smith, guard Brian Winters, and rookie “blue chippers” Dave Meyers and Junior Bridgeman. In the 1975–76 season, his first with the Lakers, he had a dominating season, averaging 27.7 points per game and leading the league in rebounding, blocked shots, and minutes played. His 1,111 defensive rebounds remains the NBA single-season record (defensive rebounds were not recorded prior to the 1973–74 season). Also it marked the last time anyone had 4,000 or more PRA (Points + Rebounds + Assists) in a single NBA season. He earned his fourth MVP award, but missed the post-season for the second straight year.

Once he joined the Lakers, Abdul-Jabbar began wearing his trademark goggles (he briefly ditched them in the 1979–80 season). Years of battling under NBA backboards, and being hit and scratched in the face in the process, had taken their toll on his eyes and he developed corneal erosion syndrome, where the eyes begin to dry out easily and cease to produce moisture. He once missed a game in the 1986–87 season due to his eyes drying out and swelling as a result.

In the 1976–77 season, Abdul-Jabbar had another strong season. He led the league in field goal percentage, finished second in rebounds and blocked shots, and third in points per game. He helped lead the Lakers to the best record in the NBA, and he won his record-tying fifth MVP award. In the playoffs, the Lakers beat the Golden State Warriors in the Western Conference semi-finals, setting up a confrontation with the Portland Trail Blazers. The result was a memorable matchup, pitting Abdul-Jabbar against a young, injury-free Bill Walton. Although Abdul-Jabbar dominated the series statistically, Walton and the Trail Blazers (who were experiencing their first-ever run in the playoffs) swept the Lakers, behind Walton’s skillful passing and leadership.

Abdul-Jabbar’s play remained strong during the next two seasons, being named to the All-NBA Second Team twice, the All-Defense First Team once, and the All-Defense Second Team once. The Lakers, however, continued to be stymied in the playoffs, being eliminated by the Seattle SuperSonics in both 1978 and 1979.

In 1979, the Lakers acquired 1st overall draft pick Earvin “Magic” Johnson. The trade and draft paved the way for a Laker dynasty as they went on to become one of the most dominant teams of the 1980s, appearing in the finals eight times and winning five NBA championships. Individually, while Abdul-Jabbar was not the dominant center he had been in the 1970s, he experienced a number of highlight moments. Among them were his record sixth MVP award in 1980, four more All-NBA First Team designations, two more All-Defense First Team designations, the 1985 Finals MVP, and on April 5, 1984 breaking Wilt Chamberlain’s record for career points. Later in his career, he bulked up to about 265 pounds, to be able to withstand the strain of playing the highly physical center position into his early 40s.

While in L.A., Abdul-Jabbar started doing yoga in 1976 to improve his flexibility, and was notable for his physical fitness regimen.[14] He says, “There is no way I could have played as long as I did without yoga.”[15]

In 1983, Abdul-Jabbar’s house burnt down, incinerating many of his belongings including his beloved jazz LP collection. Many Lakers fans sent and brought him albums, which he found uplifting.[16]

On June 28, 1989, after twenty professional seasons, Abdul-Jabbar announced his retirement. On his “retirement tour” he received standing ovations at games, home and away and gifts ranging from a yacht that said “Captain Skyhook” to framed jerseys from his basketball career to an Afghan rug. In his biography My Life, Magic Johnson recalls that in Abdul-Jabbar’s farewell game, many Lakers and Celtics legends participated. Every player wore Abdul-Jabbar’s trademark goggles and had to try a sky hook at least once, which led to comic results. The Lakers made the NBA Finals in each of Abdul-Jabbar’s final three seasons, defeating Boston in 1987, and Detroit in 1988. The Lakers lost to the Pistons in a four-game sweep in his final season. .

At the time of his retirement, Jabbar held the record for most games played by a single player in the NBA; this would later be broken by Robert Parish.

Post-NBA career

Abdul-Jabbar in 2006

Since 2005, Abdul-Jabbar has served as special assistant coach for the Los Angeles Lakers. Abdul-Jabbar had been interested in coaching since his retirement, and given the influence he had on the league, he thought that the opportunity would present itself. However, during his playing years, Abdul-Jabbar had developed a reputation of being introverted and sullen. He did not speak to the press, leading to the impression that he disliked them. In his biography My Life, Magic Johnson recalls instances when Abdul-Jabbar brushed him off when Magic (as a ball boy) asked for his autograph, Abdul-Jabbar froze out reporters who gave him a too enthusiastic handshake or even hugged him, and refused to stop reading the newspaper while giving an interview. Many basketball observers, in addition to Abdul-Jabbar, believe that Kareem’s reticence, whether through disdain for the press corps or simply because of introversion, contributed to the dearth of coaching opportunities offered to Abdul-Jabbar by the NBA. In his words, he said he had a mindset he could not overcome, and proceeded through his career oblivious to the effect his reticence may have had on his coaching prospects in the future. Abdul-Jabbar said: “I didn’t understand that I also had affected people that way and that’s what it was all about. I always saw it like they were trying to pry. I was way too suspicious and I paid a price for it.”[16] Since he began lobbying for a coaching position in 1995, he has managed to obtain only low-level assistant and scouting jobs in the NBA, and a head coaching position only in a minor professional league.

Pearl Jam‘s Jeff Ament wrote the song “Sweet Lew” about a similar incident when he met Abdul-Jabbar whom he “idolized” at a charity game and got a “complete lack of response or interest”. Ament was upset by the incident. The song appears on the Pearl Jam’s B-Sides compilation Lost Dogs.[17]

Abdul-Jabbar in September 2011

Abdul-Jabbar has worked as an assistant for the Los Angeles Clippers and the Seattle SuperSonics, helping mentor, among others, their young centers, Michael Olowokandi and Jerome James. Abdul-Jabbar was the head coach of the Oklahoma Storm of the United States Basketball League in 2002, leading the team to the league’s championship that season, but he failed to land the head coaching position at Columbia University a year later.[18] He then worked as a scout for the New York Knicks.[19] Finally, on September 2, 2005, he returned to the Lakers as a special assistant to Phil Jackson to help the Lakers’ centers, and in particular their young draftee Andrew Bynum.[20] Abdul-Jabbar’s influence has been credited with Bynum’s emergence as a more talented NBA center. Abdul-Jabbar has also served as a volunteer coach at Alchesay High School on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in Whiteriver, Arizona in 1998.[21]

Acting career

Playing in Los Angeles facilitated Abdul-Jabbar’s trying his hand at acting. He made his film debut in Bruce Lee‘s posthumous 1978 film Game of Death, in which his character Hakim fought Billy Lo (played by Lee). His character was the last and most dangerous guardian that Bruce Lee’s character had to face. In the extended footage of the final fight scenes of the film (which were shot in 1973), which last about half an hour, Abdul-Jabbar and Lee fight on the highest level of a pagoda in which Lee’s character had to fight his way up. In real-life, Abdul-Jabbar was a student of Lee’s Jeet Kune Do fighting philosophy.

In 1980, he played co-pilot Roger Murdock in Airplane!.[6] Abdul-Jabbar has a memorable scene in which a little boy looks at him and remarks that he is in fact Abdul-Jabbar—spoofing the appearance of football star Elroy “Crazylegs” Hirsch as an airplane pilot in the 1957 drama Zero Hour!. Staying in character, Abdul-Jabbar states that he is merely Roger Murdock, an airline co-pilot, but the boy continues to insist that Abdul-Jabbar is “the greatest”, but that, according to his father, he doesn’t “work hard on defense” and “never really tries, except during the playoffs”. This causes Abdul-Jabbar’s character to snap, “The hell I don’t!”, then grab the boy and snarl he has “heard that crap since UCLA“, he “busts his buns every night” and the boy should tell his “old man to drag [Bill] Walton and [Bob] Lanier up and down the court for 48 minutes”. When Murdock passes out later in the film, he is carried out wearing Abdul-Jabbar’s goggles and yellow Lakers’ shorts.

Abdul-Jabbar has had numerous other television and film appearances, often playing himself, including appearances in the movie Fletch, the sitcoms Full House, Living Single, Amen, Everybody Loves Raymond, Martin, Diff’rent Strokes (his height humorously contrasted with that of diminutive child star Gary Coleman), The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Scrubs, 21 Jump Street and Emergency!. Jabbar played a genie in lamp in a 1984 episode of Tales From The Darkside. He also appeared in the telemovie version of Stephen King‘s The Stand, played the Archangel of Basketball in Slam Dunk Ernest, and a brief non-speaking cameo appearance in BASEketball. Abdul-Jabbar was also the co-executive producer of the 1994 TV movie, The Vernon Johns Story. He has also made appearances on The Colbert Report, in a 2006 skit called “HipHopKetball II: The ReJazzebration Remix ’06″[22] and in 2008 as a stage manager who is sent out on a mission to find Nazi Gold.[23] On Al Jazeera English he expressed his desire to be remembered not just as a player, but somebody who had many talents and used them.[24]

Player profile

Abdul-Jabbar played the center position and is regarded as one of the best players of all time. He is the all-time leading NBA scorer with 38,387 points, having collected six titles, six regular season MVP and two Finals MVP awards, fifteen NBA First or Second Teams, a record nineteen NBA All-Star call-ups and averaging 24.6 points, 11.2 rebounds, 3.6 assists and 2.6 blocks per game.[6] He is also the third all-time in registered blocks (3,189), which is even more impressive because this stat had not been recorded until the fourth year of his career (1974).

On offense, Abdul-Jabbar was an unstoppable low-post threat. In contrast to other low-post dominators like Wilt Chamberlain, Artis Gilmore or Shaquille O’Neal, Abdul-Jabbar was a relatively slender player, standing 7–2 but only weighing 225 lbs (though in his latter years the Lakers listed Abdul-Jabbar’s weight as 265). However, he made up for his relative lack of bulk by showing textbook finesse, strength and was famous for his ambidextrous skyhook shot (see below), which defenders found impossible to block. It contributed to his high .559 field goal accuracy, making him the eighth most accurate scorer of all time[25] and a feared clutch shooter. Abdul-Jabbar was also quick enough to run the “Showtime” fast break led by Magic Johnson and was well-conditioned, standing on the hardwood an average 36.8 minutes. In contrast to other big men, Abdul-Jabbar also could reasonably hit his free throws, finishing with a career 72% average.

On defense, Abdul-Jabbar maintained a dominant presence. He was selected to the NBA All-Defensive Team eleven times. He frustrated opponents with his superior shot-blocking ability, denying an average 2.6 shots a game.

As a teammate, Abdul-Jabbar exuded natural leadership and was affectionately called “Cap”[26] or “Captain” by his colleagues. He was also known for his strict fitness regime, which made him one of the most durable players of all time. In the NBA, his 20 seasons and 1,560 games are performances surpassed only by Robert Parish.

Abdul-Jabbar made the NBA’s 35th and 50th Anniversary Teams, and was named one of the 50 Greatest Players of All Time in 1996.[6]

Sky hook

Abdul-Jabbar was well known for his trademark “sky hook”, a hook shot in which he bent his entire body (rather than just the arm) like a straw in one fluid motion to raise the ball and then release it at the highest point of his arm’s arching motion. Combined with his long arms and great height (7 feet 2 inches), the sky hook was nearly impossible for a defender to block without goaltending. Only a few have blocked his legendary skyhook, including basketball greats Wilt Chamberlain and Hakeem Olajuwon. It was a reliable and feared offensive weapon and contributed to his high lifetime field goal percentage of .559. As a twist, he was adept at shooting the skyhook with either hand, which made him even more difficult to defend against. According to Abdul-Jabbar, he learned the move in fifth grade after practicing with the Mikan Drill and soon learned to value it, as it was “the only shot I could use that didn’t get smashed back in my face”.[27]

NBA career and statistics

Teams and years

Statistics

  • Games played – 1560 (2nd most in NBA history)
  • Field goal % – 55.9 (10th highest in NBA history)
  • Free throw % – 72.1
  • Three-point % – 05.6
  • Rebounds – 17,440 (3rd most in NBA history)
  • Rebounds per game – 11.2 (23rd highest in NBA history)
  • Assists – 5,660 (34th in NBA history)
  • Assist per game – 3.6
  • Steals – 1,160
  • Steals per game – 0.74
  • Blocks – 3,189 (3rd most in NBA history) (Note: blocks were not officially tabulated until the 1973–74 season)
  • Blocks per game – 2.57
  • Points per game – 24.6 (14th highest in NBA history)
  • Holds NBA career record for:
    • Most points (38,387)[28]
    • Most minutes played (57,446)
    • Most field goals made (15,837)
    • Most field goals attempted (28,307)
    • Most All-Star selections (19)
    • Most All-Star games played (18)

[29]

Career highs

40 point games

70 times in the regular season
55 with Milwaukee Bucks
15 with Los Angeles Lakers

50 point games

All of Abdul-Jabbar’s 50 point efforts occurred while he played for the Milwaukee Bucks.
His career high as a Laker was 48 points against the Portland Trail Blazers on 01975-11-26 November 26, 1975.

Points

Opponent

Home/Away

Date

FGM

FGA

FTM

FTA

55

Boston Celtics

Home

01971-12-10 December 10, 1971

23

36

9

 

53

Cleveland Cavaliers

Away

01970-11-04 November 4, 1970

20

32

13

 

53

Boston Celtics

Away

01971-01-27 January 27, 1971

22

31

9

 

53

Cleveland Cavaliers

Away

01972-02-09 February 9, 1972

23

31

7

 

53

Philadelphia 76ers

Home

01972-02-18 February 18, 1972

18

28

17

22

52

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01975-01-02 January 2, 1975

18

29

16

20

51

Seattle SuperSonics

Neutral

01970-02-21 February 21, 1970

18

25

15

23

51

Boston Celtics

Away

01972-02-13 February 13, 1972

21

36

9

 

50

Los Angeles Lakers

Away

01972-03-17 March 17, 1972

22

39

6

 

50

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01975-01-19 January 19, 1975

18

30

14

 

Top shot-blocking efforts

  Occurred in playoff competition

Blocks

Opponent

Home/Away

Date

Minutes
played

Points

Rebounds

Assists

11

Detroit Pistons

Away

01975-12-03 December 3, 1975

46

29

21

2

11

Detroit Pistons

Home

01978-11-28 November 28, 1978

43

27

16

4

11

Kansas City Kings

Home

01979-11-25 November 25, 1979

41

25

15

3

10 (OT)

Detroit Pistons

Home

01973-11-03 November 3, 1973

53

19

16

5

10 (OT)

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01975-11-02 November 2, 1975

49

39

23

5

10

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01980-01-18 January 18, 1980

39

28

15

2

10

Detroit Pistons

Home

01982-01-22 January 22, 1982

35

19

10

0

9

Phoenix Suns

Away

01973-10-12 October 12, 1973

39

18

17

2

9

Milwaukee Bucks

Away

01975-10-28 October 28, 1975

45

30

20

5

9

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01975-12-26 December 26, 1975

46

41

20

3

9

Phoenix Suns

Home

01977-03-25 March 25, 1977

26

28

12

1

9

Golden State Warriors

Home

01977-04-22 April 22, 1977

40

40

19

3

9

New Orleans Jazz

Away

01978-03-29 March 29, 1978

48

34

16

6

9

Chicago Bulls

Away

01978-11-07 November 7, 1978

44

18

10

8

9

Indiana Pacers

Away

01978-11-08 November 8, 1978

40

25

13

8

Regular season

Stat

High

Opponent

Date

Points

55

vs. Boston Celtics

01971-12-10 December 10, 1971

Field goals made, none missed

11—11

vs. Phoenix Suns

01985-12-12 December 12, 1985

Field goals made, none missed

10—10

vs. Golden State Warriors

01985-12-29 December 29, 1985

Field goals made

24 (2 OT)

vs. Houston Rockets

01973-01-25 January 25, 1973

Field goal attempts

39

at Los Angeles Lakers

01972-03-17 March 17, 1972

Free throws made, none missed

   

Free throws made

20

at Boston Celtics

01970-03-08 March 8, 1970

Free throw attempts

25

at Boston Celtics

01970-03-08 March 8, 1970

Rebounds

34

vs. Detroit Pistons

01975-12-14 December 14, 1975

Rebounds

30

at Boston Celtics

01971-02-28 February 28, 1971

Rebounds

30 (OT)

at New Jersey Nets

01978-02-03 February 3, 1978

Offensive rebounds

     

Defensive rebounds

29

vs. Detroit Pistons

01975-12-14 December 14, 1975

Assists

14

at Seattle SuperSonics

01973-03-21 March 21, 1973

Steals

     

Minutes played

60 (4 OT)

at Cleveland Cavaliers

01980-01-29 January 29, 1980

Playoffs

Stat

High

Opponent

Date

Points

46

vs. Philadelphia 76ers

01970-04-03 April 3, 1970

Field goals made

20

at Chicago Bulls

01974-04-18 April 18, 1974

Field goals made

19

vs. Philadelphia 76ers

01980-05-07 May 7, 1980

Field goal attempts

37

vs. Los Angeles Lakers

01972-04-14 April 14, 1972

Field goal attempts

37

vs. Los Angeles Lakers

01972-04-22 April 22, 1972

Free throws made

13

   

Free throw attempts

18

   

Rebounds

31

vs. New York Knicks

01970-04-17 April 17, 1970

Defensive rebounds

18

vs. Golden State Warriors

01977-05-04 May 4, 1977

Assists

11

at New York Knicks

01970-04-13 April 13, 1970

Steals

6

at Portland Trail Blazers

01985-05-05 May 5, 1985

Blocked shots

9

vs. Golden State Warriors

01977-04-22 April 22, 1977

Blocked shots

8

at Portland Trail Blazers

01977-05-10 May 10, 1977

Blocked shots

8

at Portland Trail Blazers

01983-05-01 May 1, 1983

Blocked shots

7

vs. Denver Nuggets

01979-04-10 April 10, 1979

Blocked shots

7

vs. Seattle SuperSonics

01979-04-18 April 18, 1979

 

 

 

 

b.Magic Johnson

Magic Johnson

“.

Earvin “Magic” Johnson

 

No. 32

Point guard / Forward

Personal information

Date of birth

August 14, 1959 (1959-08-14) (age 52)

Place of birth

Lansing, Michigan

High school

Everett (Lansing, Michigan)

Listed height

6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)[1]

Listed weight

255 lb (116 kg)[2]

Career information

College

Michigan State (1977–1979)

NBA Draft

1979 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1st overall

Selected by the Los Angeles Lakers

Pro career

1979–1996

Career history

19791991, 1996 Los Angeles Lakers

Career highlights and awards

Career statistics

Points

17,707 (19.5 ppg)

Rebounds

6,559 (7.2 rpg)

Assists

10,141 (11.2 apg)

Info Page

Stats at Basketball-Reference.com

Basketball Hall of Fame as player

EarvinMagicJohnson Jr. (born August 14, 1959) is a retired American professional basketball player who played point guard for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA). After winning championships in high school and college, Johnson was selected first overall in the 1979 NBA Draft by the Lakers. He won a championship and an NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season, and won four more championships with the Lakers during the 1980s. Johnson retired abruptly in 1991 after announcing that he had contracted HIV, but returned to play in the 1992 All-Star Game, winning the All-Star MVP Award. After protests from his fellow players, he retired again for four years, but returned in 1996, at age 37, to play 32 games for the Lakers before retiring for the third and final time.

Johnson’s career achievements include three NBA MVP Awards, nine NBA Finals appearances, twelve All-Star games, and ten All-NBA First and Second Team nominations. He led the league in regular-season assists four times, and is the NBA’s all-time leader in assists per game, with an average of 11.2.[3] Johnson was a member of the “Dream Team“, the U.S. basketball team that won the Olympic gold medal in 1992.

Johnson was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996, and enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2002.[4] He was rated the greatest NBA point guard of all time by ESPN in 2007.[5] His friendship and rivalry with Boston Celtics star Larry Bird, whom he faced in the 1979 NCAA finals and three NBA championship series, were well documented. Since his retirement, Johnson has been an advocate for HIV/AIDS prevention and safe sex,[4] as well as an entrepreneur,[6] philanthropist[7] and motivational speaker.[8]

Contents 

Amateur career

Early years

Earvin Johnson Jr. was born to Earvin Sr., a General Motors assembly worker, and Christine, a school custodian.[9] Johnson grew up in Lansing, Michigan, and came to love basketball as a youngster, idolizing players such as Earl Monroe and Marques Haynes,[10] and practicing “all day”.[4]

Johnson was first dubbed “Magic” as a 15-year-old sophomore playing for Lansing’s Everett High School, when he recorded a triple-double of 36 points, 18 rebounds and 16 assists.[4] After the game, Fred Stabley Jr., a sports writer for the Lansing State Journal, gave him the moniker[11] despite the belief of Johnson’s mother, a Christian, that the name was sacrilegious.[4] In his final high school season, Johnson led Lansing Everett to a 27–1 win–loss record while averaging 28.8 points and 16.8 rebounds per game,[4] and took his team to an overtime victory in the state championship game.[12]

Michigan State University

Although Johnson was recruited by several top-ranked colleges such as Indiana and UCLA, he decided to play close to home.[13] His college decision came down to the University of Michigan and Michigan State University in East Lansing. He ultimately decided to attend Michigan State when their coach Jud Heathcote told him he could play the point guard position. The talent already on Michigan State’s roster also drew him to the program.[14]

Johnson did not initially aspire to play professionally, focusing instead on his communication studies major and on his desire to become a television commentator.[15] Playing with future NBA draftees Greg Kelser, Jay Vincent and Mike Brkovich, Johnson averaged 17.0 points, 7.9 rebounds, and 7.4 assists per game as a freshman, and led the Spartans to a 25–5 record, the Big Ten Conference title, and a berth in the 1978 NCAA Tournament.[4] The Spartans reached the Elite Eight, but lost narrowly to eventual national champion Kentucky.[16]

During the 1978–79 season, Michigan State again qualified for the NCAA Tournament, where they advanced to the championship game and faced Indiana State University, which was led by senior Larry Bird. In what was the most-watched college basketball game ever,[17] Michigan State defeated Indiana State 75–64, and Johnson was voted Most Outstanding Player of the Final Four.[12] After two years in college, during which he averaged 17.1 points, 7.6 rebounds, and 7.9 assists per game, Johnson was drafted in the 1979 NBA Draft.[18]

Professional career

Rookie season in the NBA (1979–80)

Johnson was drafted first overall in 1979 by the Los Angeles Lakers. Johnson said that what was “most amazing” about joining the Lakers was the chance to play alongside Kareem Abdul-Jabbar,[19] the team’s 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m) center who became the leading scorer in NBA history.[20] Despite Abdul-Jabbar’s dominance, he had failed to win a championship with the Lakers, and Johnson was expected to help them achieve that goal.[21] Johnson averaged 18.0 points, 7.7 rebounds, and 7.3 assists per game for the season, was selected to the NBA All-Rookie Team, and was named an NBA All-Star Game starter.[22]

The Lakers compiled a 60–22 record in the regular season and reached the 1980 NBA Finals,[23] in which they faced the Philadelphia 76ers, who were led by forward Julius Erving. The Lakers took a 3–2 lead in the series, but Abdul-Jabbar, who averaged 33 points a game in the series,[24] sprained his ankle in Game 5 and could not play in Game 6.[21] Paul Westhead decided to start Johnson at center in Game 6; Johnson recorded 42 points, 15 rebounds, seven assists, and three steals in a 123–107 win, while playing guard, forward, and center at different times during the game.[21] Johnson became the only rookie to win the NBA Finals MVP award,[21] and his clutch performance is still regarded as one of the finest in NBA history.[5][25][26] He also became one of four players to win NCAA and NBA championships in consecutive years.[27]

Ups and downs (1980–83)

Early in the 1980–81 season, Johnson was sidelined after he suffered torn cartilage in his left knee. He missed 45 games,[18] and said that his rehabilitation was the “most down” he had ever felt.[28] Johnson returned before the start of the 1981 playoffs, but the Lakers’ then-assistant and future head coach Pat Riley later said Johnson’s much-anticipated return made the Lakers a “divided team”.[29] The 54-win Lakers faced the 40–42 Houston Rockets in the first round of playoffs,[30][31] where Houston upset the Lakers 2–1 after Johnson airballed a last-second shot in Game 3.[32]

During the off-season, Johnson signed a 25-year, $25 million contract with the Lakers, which was the highest-paying contract in sports history up to that point.[33] At the beginning of the 1981–82 season, Johnson had a heated dispute with Westhead, who Johnson said made the Lakers “slow” and “predictable”.[34] After Johnson demanded to be traded, Lakers owner Jerry Buss fired Westhead and replaced him with Riley. Although Johnson denied responsibility for Westhead’s firing,[35] he was booed across the league, even by Lakers’ fans.[4] Despite his off-court troubles, Johnson averaged 18.6 points, 9.6 rebounds, 9.5 assists, and a league-high 2.7 steals per game, and was voted a member of the All-NBA Second Team.[18] He also joined Wilt Chamberlain and Oscar Robertson as the only NBA players to tally at least 700 points, 700 rebounds, and 700 assists in the same season.[12] The Lakers advanced through the 1982 playoffs and faced Philadelphia for the second time in three years in the 1982 NBA Finals. After a triple-double from Johnson in Game 6, the Lakers defeated the Sixers 4–2, as Johnson won his second NBA Finals MVP award.[36] During the championship series against the Sixers, Johnson averaged 16.2 points on .533 shooting, 10.8 rebounds, 8.0 assists, and 2.5 steals per game.[37] Johnson later said that his third season was when the Lakers first became a great team,[38] and he credited their success to Riley.[39]

During the 1982–83 NBA season, Johnson averaged 16.8 points, 10.5 assists, and 8.6 rebounds per game and earned his first All-NBA First Team nomination.[18] The Lakers again reached the Finals, and for a third time faced the Sixers, who featured center Moses Malone as well as Erving.[40] With Johnson’s teammates Norm Nixon, James Worthy and Bob McAdoo all hobbled by injuries, the Lakers were swept by the Sixers, and Malone was crowned the Finals MVP.[40] In a losing effort against Philadelphia, Johnson averaged 19.0 points on .403 shooting, 12.5 assists, and 7.8 rebounds per game.[41]

Battles against the Celtics (1983–87)

Johnson battles the Boston Celtics Larry Bird for rebounding position in Game two of the 1985 NBA Finals at the Boston Garden.

In Johnson’s fifth season, he averaged a double-double of 17.6 points and 13.1 assists, as well as 7.3 rebounds per game.[18] The Lakers reached the Finals for the third year in a row, where Johnson’s Lakers and Bird’s Celtics met for the first time in the post-season.[42] The Lakers won the first game, and led by two points in Game 2 with 18 seconds to go, but after a layup by Gerald Henderson, Johnson failed to get a shot off before the final buzzer sounded, and the Lakers lost 124–121 in overtime.[42] In Game 3, Johnson responded with 21 assists in a 137–104 win, but in Game 4, he again made several crucial errors late in the contest. In the final minute of the game, Johnson had the ball stolen by Celtics center Robert Parish, and then missed two free throws that could have won the game. The Celtics won Game 4 in overtime, and the teams split the next two games. In the decisive Game 7 in Boston, as the Lakers trailed by three points in the final minute, opposing point guard Dennis Johnson stole the ball from Johnson, a play that effectively ended the series.[42] Friends Isiah Thomas and Mark Aguirre consoled him that night, talking until the morning in his Boston hotel room amidst fan celebrations on the street.[43][44] During the Finals, Johnson averaged 18.0 points on .560 shooting, 13.6 assists, and 7.7 rebounds per game.[45] Johnson later described the series as “the one championship we should have had but didn’t get”.[46]

In the regular season, Johnson averaged 18.3 points, 12.6 assists, and 6.2 rebounds per game and led the Lakers into the 1985 NBA Finals, where they faced the Celtics again. The series started poorly for the Lakers when they allowed an NBA Finals record 148 points to the Celtics in a 34-point loss in Game 1.[47] However, Abdul-Jabbar, who was now 38 years old, scored 30 points and grabbed 17 rebounds in Game 2, and his 36 points in a Game 5 win were instrumental in establishing a 3–2 lead for Los Angeles.[47] After the Lakers defeated the Celtics in six games, Abdul-Jabbar and Johnson, who averaged 18.3 points on .494 shooting, 14.0 assists, and 6.8 rebounds per game in the championship series,[48][49] said the Finals win was the highlight of their careers.[50]

Johnson again averaged a double-double in the 1985–86 NBA season, with 18.8 points, 12.6 assists, and 5.9 rebounds per game.[18] The Lakers advanced to the Western Conference Finals, but were unable to defeat the Houston Rockets, who advanced to the Finals in five games.[51] In the next season, Johnson averaged a career-high of 23.9 points, as well as 12.2 assists and 6.3 rebounds per game,[18] and earned his first regular season MVP award.[4][52] The Lakers met the Celtics for the third time in the NBA Finals, and in Game 4 Johnson hit a last-second hook shot over Celtics big men Parish and Kevin McHale to win the game 107–106.[53] The game-winning shot, which Johnson dubbed his “junior, junior, junior sky-hook“,[53] helped Los Angeles defeat Boston in six games. Johnson was awarded his third Finals MVP title after averaging 26.2 points on .541 shooting, 13.0 assists, 8.0 rebounds, and 2.33 steals per game.[53][54]

Repeat and falling short (1987–91)

Before the 1987–88 NBA season, Lakers coach Pat Riley publicly promised that they would defend the NBA title, even though no team had won consecutive titles since the Celtics did so in the 1969 NBA Finals.[55] Johnson had another productive season with averages of 19.6 points, 11.9 assists, and 6.2 rebounds per game.[18] In the 1988 playoffs, the Lakers survived two 4–3 series against the Utah Jazz and the Dallas Mavericks to reach the Finals and face Thomas and the Detroit Pistons,[56] known as the “Bad Boys” for their physical style of play.[57] Johnson and Thomas greeted each other with a kiss on the cheek before the opening tip of Game 1, which they called a display of brotherly love.[44][58][59] After the teams split the first six games, Lakers forward and Finals MVP James Worthy had his first career triple-double of 36 points, 16 rebounds, and 10 assists, and led his team to a 108–105 win.[60] Despite not being named MVP, Johnson had a strong championship series, averaging 21.1 points on .550 shooting, 13.0 assists, and 5.7 rebounds per game.[61]

In the 1988–89 NBA season, Johnson’s 22.5 points, 12.8 assists, and 7.9 rebounds per game[18] earned him his second MVP award,[62] and the Lakers reached the 1989 NBA Finals, in which they again faced the Pistons. However, after Johnson went down with a hamstring injury in Game 2, the Lakers were no match for the Pistons, who swept them 4–0.[63]

Playing without the retired Abdul-Jabbar for the first time, Johnson won his third MVP award[64] after a strong 1989–90 NBA season in which he averaged 22.3 points, 11.5 assists, and 6.6 rebounds per game.[18] However, the Lakers bowed out to the Phoenix Suns in the Western Conference semifinals, which was the Lakers’ earliest playoffs elimination in nine years.[65] Johnson performed well during the 1990–91 NBA season, with averages of 19.4 points, 12.5 assists, and 7.0 rebounds per game, and the Lakers reached the 1991 NBA Finals. There they faced the Chicago Bulls, led by shooting guard Michael Jordan, a five-time scoring champion regarded as the finest player of his era.[66][67] Although the series was portrayed as a matchup between Johnson and Jordan,[68] Bulls forward Scottie Pippen defended effectively against Johnson. Despite two triple-doubles from Johnson during the series, finals MVP Jordan led his team to a 4–1 win.[4] In the last championship series of his career, Johnson averaged 18.6 points on .431 shooting, 12.4 assists, and 8.0 rebounds per game.[69]

HIV announcement and Olympics (1991–92)

After a physical before the 1991–92 NBA season, Johnson discovered that he had tested positive for HIV. In a press conference held on November 7, 1991, Johnson made a public announcement that he would retire immediately.[70] He stated that his wife Cookie and their unborn child did not have HIV, and that he would dedicate his life to “battle this deadly disease”.[70] Johnson initially said that he did not know how he contracted the disease,[70] but later acknowledged that it was through having multiple sexual partners during his playing career.[71] At the time, only a small percentage of HIV-positive people had contracted it from heterosexual sex,[72][59] and it was initially rumored that Johnson was gay or bisexual, although he denied both.[59] Johnson later accused Isiah Thomas of spreading the rumors, a claim Thomas denied.[44][73] Johnson’s HIV announcement became a major news story in the United States,[74] and in 2004 was named as ESPN’s seventh most memorable moment of the past 25 years.[75] Many articles praised Johnson as a hero, and former U.S. President George H. W. Bush said, “For me, Magic is a hero, a hero for anyone who loves sports.”[76]

Olympic medal record

Men’s basketball

Competitor for  United States

Gold

1992 Barcelona

National team

Despite his retirement, Johnson was voted by fans as a starter for the 1992 NBA All-Star Game at Orlando Arena, although his former teammates Byron Scott and A. C. Green said that Johnson should not play,[77] and several NBA players, including Utah Jazz forward Karl Malone, argued that they would be at risk of contamination if Johnson suffered an open wound while on court.[78] Johnson led the West to a 153–113 win and was crowned All-Star MVP after recording 25 points, 9 assists, and 5 rebounds.[79] The game ended after he made a last-minute three-pointer, and players from both teams ran onto the court to congratulate Johnson.[80]

Johnson was chosen to compete in the 1992 Summer Olympics for the US basketball team, dubbed the “Dream Team” because of the NBA stars on the roster.[81] During the tournament, which the USA won,[82] Johnson played infrequently because of knee problems, but he received standing ovations from the crowd, and used the opportunity to inspire HIV-positive people.[15]

Post-Olympics and later life

Before the 1992–93 NBA season, Johnson announced his intention to stage an NBA comeback. After practicing and playing in several pre-season games, he returned to retirement before the start of the regular season, citing controversy over his return sparked by opposition from several active players.[12] During his retirement, Johnson has written a book on safer sex, run several businesses, worked for NBC as a commentator, and toured Asia and Australia with a basketball team that comprised former college and NBA players.[4]

He returned to the NBA as coach of the Lakers near the end of the 1993–94 NBA season, replacing Randy Pfund. After losing five of six games, Johnson announced he would resign after the season, choosing instead to purchase a 5% share of the team in June 1994.[4] In the following season, at the age of 36, Johnson attempted another comeback as a player. Playing power forward, he averaged 14.6 points, 6.9 assists, and 5.7 rebounds per game in the last 32 games of the season.[18] After the Lakers lost to the Houston Rockets in the first round of the playoffs,[83] Johnson retired permanently, saying, “I am going out on my terms, something I couldn’t say when I aborted a comeback in 1992.”[12]

Off the court

Magic Johnson’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

c.Larry Bird

Larry Bird

.

Larry Bird

 

Bird during the 1985 Playoffs

No. 33

Forward

Personal information

Date of birth

December 7, 1956 (1956-12-07) (age 54)

Place of birth

West Baden, Indiana

Listed height

6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)

Listed weight

220 lb (100 kg)

Career information

College

Indiana State (1976–1979)

NBA Draft

1978 / Round: 1 / Pick: 6th overall

Selected by the Boston Celtics

Pro career

1979–1992

Career history

As player:

19791992 Boston Celtics

As coach:

19972000 Indiana Pacers

Career highlights and awards

Career statistics

Points

21,791 (24.3 ppg)

Assists

5,695 (6.3 apg)

Rebounds

8,974 (10.0 rpg)

Info Page

Stats at Basketball-Reference.com

Basketball Hall of Fame as player

Larry Joe Bird (born December 7, 1956) is a former American NBA basketball player and coach. Drafted into the NBA sixth overall by the Boston Celtics in 1978, Bird started at small forward and power forward for thirteen seasons, spearheading one of the NBA’s most formidable frontcourts that included center Robert Parish and forward Kevin McHale. Due to chronic back problems, he retired as a player in 1992. Bird was voted to the NBA’s 50th Anniversary All-Time Team[1] in 1996 and inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame[2] in 1998. He served as head coach of the Indiana Pacers from 1997 to 2000. In 2003, he assumed the role of president of basketball operations for the Pacers, which he currently holds.

Contents 

Early life

Larry Bird was born in West Baden, Indiana, the son of Georgia (née Kerns) and Claude Joseph “Joe” Bird. He grew up in both West Baden and the adjacent town French Lick, which earned him the nickname “the Hick from French Lick” in his later basketball career. Financial troubles would plague the Bird family for most of Larry’s childhood. Bird recalled how his mother would make do on the family’s meager earnings: “If there was a payment to the bank due, and we needed shoes, she’d get the shoes, and then deal with them guys at the bank. I don’t mean she wouldn’t pay the bank, but the children always came first.”[3] According to Bird, his being poor as a child “motivates me to this day”.[3] He sometimes was sent to live with his grandmother due to the family’s struggles. The Bird family’s struggle with poverty was compounded by the alcoholism and personal difficulties of Joe Bird, who likely suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder from serving in the Korean War.[4] Joe and Georgia Bird divorced in 1975; Joe Bird committed suicide the same year.

In spite of his domestic woes, by the time he was a high school sophomore, Bird had become one of the better basketball players in French Lick. He started for French Lick/West Baden’s high school team, Springs Valley High School, where he left as the school’s all-time scoring leader. Bird’s high school coach, Jim Jones, was a key factor to Bird’s success. “Jonesie”, as Bird called him, would come help Bird and his friends practice any day of the week.[5] Bird would often go to the gym early, shoot between classes, and stay late into the evening. He quit both football and baseball to focus on basketball.

9]

[edit] NCAA career statistics

Legend

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field-goal percentage  3P%  3-point field-goal percentage  FT%  Free-throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

Year

Team

GP

GS

MPG

FG%

3P%

FT%

RPG

APG

SPG

BPG

PPG

1976–77 Indiana State

28

36.9

.544

.840

13.3

4.4

32.8

1977–78 Indiana State

32

.524

.793

11.5

3.9

30.0

1978–79 Indiana State

34

.532

.831

14.9

5.5

28.6

Career[10]

94

36.9

.533

.822

13.3

4.6

30.3

1979–1981: Immediate impact

The Boston Celtics selected the 6’9″, 220-pound Bird 6th overall in the 1978 NBA Draft,[11][12] even though they were uncertain whether he would enter the NBA or remain at Indiana State to play his senior season. Bird ultimately decided to play his final college season, but the Celtics retained their exclusive right to sign him until the 1979 NBA Draft, because of the NBA’s “junior eligible” rule that existed at that time (allowing a collegiate player to be drafted when the player’s original “entering” class was graduating and giving them one calendar year to sign them, even if they went back to college). Shortly before that deadline, Bird agreed to sign with the Celtics for a US $650,000 a year contract, making him at the time the highest-paid rookie in the history of the NBA. Shortly afterwards, the NBA draft eligibility rules were changed to prevent teams from drafting players before they were ready to sign. The rule is called the Bird Collegiate Rule.

Bird’s impact on the Celtics was immediate. The Celtics were 29–53 during the 1978–79 season, but with Bird the team improved to 61–21 in the 1979–80 season, posting the league’s best regular season record. Bird’s collegiate rival, Magic Johnson, also had entered the NBA in 1979, joining the Los Angeles Lakers. In 1980, despite a strong rookie season from Johnson, Bird was named the league’s Rookie of the Year and was voted onto the Eastern Conference All-Star team (an honor he would receive for each of his 12 full seasons in the NBA). For the 1980 season, Bird led the Celtics in scoring (21.3 points/game), rebounding (10.4 rebounds/game), steals (143), and minutes played (2,955) and was second in assists (4.5 assists/game) and three-pointers (58). Though Boston was beaten by the more athletic Philadelphia 76ers in the Eastern Conference finals that year, Bird’s addition to the team had renewed the promise of Celtic glory.

Following Bird’s first season, the Celtics acquired center Robert Parish and the 3rd pick in the 1980 NBA Draft via a trade with the Golden State Warriors (in exchange for the 1st and 13th picks in the draft). After the Warriors took Joe Barry Carroll with the 1st pick and the Utah Jazz chose Darrell Griffith second, the Celtics selected University of Minnesota power forward Kevin McHale. With Bird at small forward, the additions of Parish and McHale gave Boston one of the most formidable frontcourts in the history of the NBA. The three would anchor the Celtics throughout Bird’s career.

In his second season, Bird led the Celtics into the playoffs, where they faced off for a second consecutive year with Julius Erving‘s Philadelphia 76ers. Bird helped the Celtics overcome a 3–1 deficit by winning the last 3 games by 2, 2, and 1 point margins, propelling them into the NBA Finals, where they defeated the Houston Rockets in six games with Bird averaging 15.3 points on .419 shooting, 15.3 rebounds and 7.0 assists per game.[13] It would be the first of three championships in Bird’s career, as well as the first of his five Finals appearances.

1982–1987: MVPs, championships and the rivalry with Magic Johnson

See also: Lakers–Celtics rivalry

The additions of Bird and Johnson rejuvenated the NBA, which had suffered from low attendance and minimal television interest through much of the 1970s. Immediately upon their entry into the league, the two players became repeating presences in the NBA Finals. Johnson’s Lakers won the championship in 1980, Bird’s Celtics captured the NBA title in 1981, and Johnson’s Lakers wrested it back in 1982. Bird and Johnson first dueled in the 1979 NCAA title game; as professional basketball players, they would face off numerous times during the 1980s, including the NBA Finals of 1984, 1985 and 1987. Lakers versus Celtics, and specifically Bird versus Magic, quickly became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of basketball.

In 1984, the Celtics defeated the Lakers in a seven-game Finals, winning game seven 111–102.[14] Bird averaged 27.4 points on .484 shooting and 14 rebounds a game during the series,[15] earning the award of Finals Most Valuable Player (MVP). Bird was also named the league regular season MVP for that year.[16] In 1985, however, the Lakers avenged the loss, defeating the Celtics in game 6 of the Finals in the Boston Garden. In a losing effort against Los Angeles, Bird averaged 23.8 points on .449 shooting, 8.8 rebounds and 5.0 assists per game.[17] That year, the NBA again named Bird the league MVP.[18]

On 01985-03-12 March 12, 1985, in a game played between the Celtics and Atlanta Hawks at the University of New Orleans Lakefront Arena in New Orleans, Louisiana, Bird scored a career high 60 points in a tremendous shooting display. Bird scored all 19 of his points in the third quarter without the aid of a free throw; instead, he scored on jump shots from 20 feet and out. Bird scored Boston’s last sixteen points in the game. In the fourth quarter, he made a fadeaway three-point shot while being fouled. He was not given continuation and the basket was not allowed (instead it was ruled a non-shooting foul and he received two free throws). Bird’s 59th and 60th points were scored on a 17-foot jump shot at the buzzer. For the game, Bird officially shot 22 of 36 from the field, 1 of 4 from three-point range, and 15 of 16 from the free throw line.

Boston would have another great season the next year, with help from another Hall of Famer, Bill Walton. Walton, whose up and down career had been plagued by foot injuries, was looking for a team, and after having been turned down by the Lakers called Celtics president and general manager Red Auerbach in a last ditch effort to close out his career on an upswing. Because of Walton’s reputation for being injury prone, Auerbach was initially unwilling to take a risk on him, but Bird, who happened to be in Auerbach’s office at the time of Walton’s call, urged him to sign Walton, saying that if Walton felt he was healthy enough to play, it was all Bird needed to hear.

With Walton backing up Kevin McHale and Robert Parish, the Celtics would return to the finals in 1986, albeit not against Johnson and the Lakers, who lost in the Western Conference Finals to the Houston Rockets. The 1986 Celtic team, which finished the regular season 67–15 and defeated the Rockets in six games, is generally considered to be the best of Bird’s career. Bird again was named the Finals’ MVP for that year, averaging 24 points on .482 shooting, 9.7 rebounds and 9.5 assists per game for the series.[19] He also won his third consecutive league MVP award,[20] a feat matched only by the great Celtic center Bill Russell and the dominant Wilt Chamberlain, who played for Philadelphia and Los Angeles.

In 1987, the Celtics made their last Finals appearance of Bird’s career, fighting through difficult series against the Milwaukee Bucks and Detroit Pistons but as they reached the NBA Finals, the Celtics, hampered by devastating injuries, lost to a dominant Lakers team which had won 65 games during the season. The Celtics ended up losing to the Lakers in six games, with Bird averaging 24.2 points on .445 shooting, 10 rebounds and 5.5 assists per game in the championship series.[21] The Celtics would fall short in 1988 losing to the Pistons in 6 games in the Eastern Conference Finals as the Pistons made up from the heartbreak the previous season. Between them, Bird and Johnson captured eight NBA championships during the 1980s, with Magic getting five and Bird three. During the 1980s, either Boston or Los Angeles appeared in every NBA Finals. [22] [23]

Throughout the 1980s, contests between the Celtics and the Lakers—both during the regular season and in the Finals—attracted enormous television audiences. The first regular season game between the Celtics and the Lakers in the 1987–88 season proved to be a classic with Magic Johnson banking in an off balance shot from near the 3-point line at the buzzer for a 115–114 Lakers win at Boston Garden.[24] The historical rift between the teams, which faced each other several times in championship series of the 1960s, fueled fan interest in the rivalry. Not since Bill Russell squared off against Wilt Chamberlain had professional basketball enjoyed such a marquee matchup. The apparent contrast between the two players and their respective teams seemed scripted for television: Bird, the introverted small-town hero with the blue-collar work ethic, fitted perfectly with the throwback, hard-nosed style of the Celtics, while the stylish, gregarious Johnson ran the Lakers’ fast-paced “Showtime” offense amidst the bright lights and celebrities of Los Angeles. A 1986 Converse commercial for its “Weapon” line of basketball shoes (endorsed by both Bird and Johnson) reflected the perceived dichotomy between the two players. In the commercial, Bird is practicing alone on a rural basketball court when Johnson pulls up in a sleek limousine and challenges him to a one-on-one match.

Despite the intensity of their rivalry, Bird and Johnson became friends off the court. Their friendship blossomed when the two players worked together to film the 1986 Converse commercial, which depicted them as archenemies. Johnson appeared at Bird’s retirement ceremony on February 4, 1993 and emotionally described Bird as a “friend forever.”

1988–1992: The twilight years

In 1988, Bird had the best statistical season of his career, but the Celtics failed to reach the NBA Finals for the first time in five years, losing to the Pistons in six games during the Eastern Conference Finals. Bird started the 1988–89 season with Boston, but ended his season after six games to have bone spurs surgically removed from both of his heels. He returned to the Celtics in 1989, but debilitating back problems and an aging Celtic roster prevented him from regaining his mid-1980s form. Nonetheless, through the final years of his career, Bird maintained his status as one of the premier players in the game. He averaged over 20 points, 9 rebounds and 7 assists a game in his last three seasons with the Celtics, and shot better than 45% from the field in each. Bird led the Celtics to playoff appearances in each of those three seasons.

Bird’s body, however, continued to break down. He had been bothered by back problems for years, and his back became progressively worse. After leading the Celtics to a 29–5 start to the 1990–91 season, he missed 22 games due to a compressed nerve root in his back, a condition that would eventually lead to his retirement. He had off-season surgery to remove a disc from his back, but his back problems continued and he missed 37 games during the 1991–92 season. His past glory would be briefly rekindled, however, in a memorable game that season in which he scored 49 points in a riveting double overtime victory over the Portland Trailblazers. During the 1992 Eastern Conference semi-finals against the Cleveland Cavaliers Bird missed 4 of 7 games in the series due to these recurring back problems.

Olympic medal record

Men’s basketball

Competitor for the  United States

Gold

1992 Barcelona

National team

In the summer of 1992, Bird joined Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan and other NBA stars to play for the United States basketball team in that year’s Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. It was the first time in America’s Olympic history that the country sent professional basketball players to compete. The “Dream Team” won the men’s basketball gold medal.

Following his Olympic experience, on August 18, 1992, Bird announced his retirement as an NBA player. He finished his career with averages of more than 24 points, 10 rebounds and 6 assists per game, while shooting 49.6% from the field, 88.6% from the free throw line and 37.6% from three-point range. Following Bird’s departure, the Celtics promptly retired his jersey number 33.

In 1989, Bird published his autobiography, Drive: The Story of My Life with Bob Ryan. The book chronicles his life and career up to the 1989 NBA season.

NBA career after retirement

Larry Bird in 2004.

A Larry Bird Monument.

The Celtics employed Bird as a special assistant in the team’s front office from 1992 until 1997. In 1997, Bird accepted the position of coach of the Indiana Pacers and said he would be on the job for no more than 3 years. Despite having no previous coaching experience, Bird led the Pacers to a 58–24 record—the franchise’s best as an NBA team at the time—in the 1997–98 season, and pushed the Bulls to seven games in the Eastern Conference finals. He was named the NBA Coach of the Year for his efforts, becoming the only person in NBA history to have won both the MVP and Coach of the Year awards. He then led the Pacers to two consecutive Central Division titles in 1999 and 2000, and a berth in the NBA finals in 2000.

Bird resigned as Pacers coach shortly after the end of the 2000 season, following through on his initial promise to coach for only 3 years. In 2003, he returned as the Pacers’ President of Basketball Operations, where he oversees team personnel and coaching moves, as well as the team’s draft selections. Bird promoted David Morway to general manager in 2008, but Bird still has the final say in basketball matters.

[edit] Head coaching record

Legend

Regular season

  G Games coached   W Games won   L Games lost  W–L% Win-loss %  

Post season

 PG  Games coached  PW  Games won  PL  Games lost  PW–L% Win-loss %  

[show]Team

Year

G

W

L

W–L%

Finish

PG

PW

PL

PW–L%

Result

IND 1997–98

82

58

24

.707

2nd in Central

16

10

6

.625

Lost in Conf. Finals

IND 1998–99

50

33

17

.660

1st in Central

13

9

4

.692

Lost in Conf. Finals

IND 1999–00

82

56

26

.683

1st in Central

23

13

10

.565

Lost in NBA Finals

Career  

214

147

67

.687

 

52

32

20

.615

 

Legacy

Larry, you only told me one lie. You said there will be another Larry Bird. Larry, there will never, ever be another Larry Bird.

—Magic Johnson, as quoted at Bird’s retirement party.[25]

In 1999, Bird ranked #30 in ESPN‘s SportsCentury’s 50 Greatest Athletes of the 20th Century.

For the 2008 NBA Finals, which featured a rematch of the Celtics-Lakers rivalry, Bird appeared in a split-screen advertisement with Magic Johnson (as part of the “There Can Only Be One” campaign which had played throughout the 2008 NBA Playoffs but to that point only featured players from the two teams competing in a given series) discussing the meaning of rivalries.

Bird was widely considered one of Red Auerbach’s favorite players. He considered Bird to be the greatest basketball player of all time.[26] Auerbach was so enamored with the player that he drafted him out of Indiana State and waited a year before Bird was eligible to suit up for the Celtics. During his introductory press conference, after Auerbach’s contentious negotiations with agent Bob Woolf, Bird announced he “would have played for free.” This was after Woolf asked for the most lucrative contract in NBA history, to which Auerbach was quick to point out that Bird hadn’t played a game in the NBA yet.[citation needed]

Player profile

Bird, a versatile wing man who played the power forward and small forward positions, is considered one of the greatest players of all time, to which his twelve All-Star team nominations are a testament. The sharpshooting Bird made his name stepping up his performance in critical situations, and is credited with a long list of dominating games, buzzer beaters and clutch defensive plays. He won two NBA Finals MVP and three regular-season MVP awards. He won them all in a row, a feat only shared by Bill Russell and Wilt Chamberlain.

Bird possessed an uncanny and unparalleled ability to anticipate and react to the strategies of his opponents. His talent for recognizing the moves of opponents and teammates prompted his first coach with the Celtics, Bill Fitch, to nickname him “Kodak“, because he seemed to formulate mental pictures of every play that took place on the court.

Bird scored 24.3 points per game in his career on a high .496 field goal average, a stellar .886 free throw average (9th best all-time) and a 37.6 percentage on 3-point shots. Bird was also a good rebounder (10.0 rebound career average) and an excellent playmaker (6.3 assist career average). His multidimensional game made him a consistent triple-double threat; Bird currently ranks fifth all-time in triple-doubles with 59, not including the 10 he recorded in the playoffs. Bird’s lifetime player efficiency rating (PER) is 23.5, 18th all-time, a further testament to his all around game.[27] Additionally, he is the only 20, 10, 5 player in NBA history (points, rebounds, assists per game) with a lifetime PRA rating (points + rebounds + assists per game) of 40.6, which is 8th all-time. Bird was the first player in NBA history to shoot 50% or better on field goals, 40% on 3-pointers, and 90% on free-throws in a single NBA season while achieving the league minimum for makes in each category. Bird accomplished this feat twice and is second only to Steve Nash for seasons in the 50-40-90 Club.

Bird is also remembered as an excellent defender. While he was neither fast nor quick-footed, and could not always shut down an individual player one-on-one, he consistently displayed a knack for anticipating the moves of his opponent, allowing him to intercept passes and create turnovers. His 1,556 career steals ranks 27th all-time.[28] Unspectacular but effective defensive moves, such as jumping into a passing lane to make a steal or allowing his man to step past and drive to the hoop, then blocking the opponent’s shot from behind, were staples of Bird’s defensive game. In recognition of his defensive abilities, Bird was named to three All-Defensive Second Teams.

Bird’s humble roots were the source of his most frequently used moniker, “The Hick From French Lick”. Other observers called him “The Great White Hope”.[4] He has also acquired the nickname “Larry Legend”.[29]

Bird’s competitive nature often emerged in nearly constant trash-talking on the court. Some notable examples follow:

  • During the three-point shooting contest on All-Star Weekend 1986, Bird entered the locker room, looked around without saying a word, then finally said, “I want all of you to know I am winning this thing. I’m just looking around to see who’s gonna finish up second.” He won the shooting contest.
  • During one game on Christmas Day against the Indiana Pacers, before the game Bird told Chuck Person that he had a Christmas present waiting for him. During the game, when Person was on the bench, Bird shot a three-pointer on the baseline right in front of Person. Immediately after releasing the ball, Bird said to Person, “Merry fucking Christmas!”, and then the shot went in. This was no doubt inspired by Person (nicknamed the “Rifleman”) stating prior to the game that “The Rifleman is Coming, and He’s Going Bird Hunting.”
  • Reggie Miller recalled his encounter with Larry Bird’s legendary trash talking ability in his book “I Love Being The Enemy”. Reggie tried to disrupt Larry’s concentration when he was shooting free throws late in a game. Larry glared at him, made the first free throw and said, “You got to be kidding me. Rook, I’m the best shooter in the league right now. In the league. Understand? And you’re up here trying to say something?”[30] Then Larry buried the second free throw.
  • Late in a tied game against the Seattle SuperSonics, Bird told Supersonics forward Xavier McDaniel, who was guarding him, “I’m going to get [the ball] right here and I am going to bury it in your face.” As McDaniel remembers it, he responded by saying, “I know, I’ll be waiting.” After a timeout, Bird made two baseline cuts, then posted in the exact spot he had indicated to McDaniel, paused, turned, and made it in his face. He finished up the sequence by telling McDaniel, “I didn’t mean to leave two seconds on the clock.”[31][32]
  • On November 9, 1984, Bird was ejected along with Julius Erving in the third quarter after an on court scuffle. At the point of both ejections, Bird had outscored Erving 42 to 6. During the game, Bird had continuously informed Erving of their tallies with every chance he got to score. Bird denies this stating that it was teammate “M.L. (Carr) talking trash from the bench” during that game.[33] Eventually a shoving match ensued, then swings taken by both players, and finally a bench-clearing brawl.

NBA career statistics

NBA Championship
  Led the league

Legend

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field-goal percentage  3P%  3-point field-goal percentage  FT%  Free-throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

[edit] Regular season

Year

Team

GP

GS

MPG

FG%

3P%

FT%

RPG

APG

SPG

BPG

PPG

1979–80 Boston

82

82

36.0

.474

.406

.836

10.4

4.5

1.7

0.6

21.3

1980–81 Boston

82

82

39.5

.478

.270

.863

10.9

5.5

2.0

0.8

21.2

1981–82 Boston

77

58

38.0

.503

.212

.863

10.9

5.8

1.9

0.9

22.9

1982–83 Boston

79

79

37.7

.504

.286

.840

11.0

5.8

1.9

0.9

23.6

1983–84 Boston

79

77

38.3

.492

.247

.888

10.1

6.6

1.8

0.9

24.2

1984–85 Boston

80

77

39.5

.522

.427

.882

10.5

6.6

1.6

1.2

28.7

1985–86 Boston

82

81

38.0

.496

.423

.896

9.8

6.8

2.0

0.6

25.8

1986–87 Boston

74

73

40.6

.525

.400

.910

9.2

7.6

1.8

0.9

28.1

1987–88 Boston

76

75

39.0

.527

.414

.916

9.3

6.1

1.6

0.8

29.9

1988–89 Boston

6

6

31.5

.471

.947

6.2

4.8

1.0

0.8

19.3

1989–90 Boston

75

75

39.3

.473

.333

.930

9.5

7.5

1.4

0.8

24.3

1990–91 Boston

60

60

38.0

.454

.389

.891

8.5

7.2

1.8

1.0

19.4

1991–92 Boston

45

45

36.9

.466

.406

.926

9.6

6.8

0.9

0.7

20.2

Career[10]

897

870

38.4

.496

.376

.886

10.0

6.3

1.7

0.8

24.3

[edit] Playoffs

Year

Team

GP

GS

MPG

FG%

3P%

FT%

RPG

APG

SPG

BPG

PPG

1980 Boston

9

9

41.3

.469

.267

.880

11.2

4.7

1.6

0.9

21.3

1981 Boston

17

17

44.1

.470

.375

.894

14.0

6.1

2.3

1.0

21.9

1982 Boston

12

12

40.8

.427

.167

.822

12.5

5.6

1.9

1.4

17.8

1983 Boston

6

6

40.0

.422

.250

.828

12.5

6.8

2.2

0.5

20.5

1984 Boston

23

23

41.8

.524

.412

.879

11.0

5.9

2.3

1.2

27.5

1985 Boston

20

20

40.8

.461

.280

.890

9.1

5.8

1.7

1.0

26.0

1986 Boston

18

18

42.8

.517

.411

.927

9.3

8.2

2.1

0.6

25.9

1987 Boston

23

23

44.1

.476

.341

.912

10.0

7.2

1.2

0.8

27.0

1988 Boston

17

17

44.9

.450

.375

.894

8.8

6.8

2.1

0.8

24.5

1990 Boston

5

5

41.4

.444

.263

.906

9.2

8.8

1.0

1.0

24.4

1991 Boston

10

10

39.6

.408

.143

.863

7.2

6.5

1.3

0.3

17.1

1992 Boston

4

2

26.8

.500

.000

.750

4.5

5.3

0.3

0.5

11.3

Career[10]

164

162

42.0

.472

.321

.890

10.3

6.5

1.8

0.9

23.8

[edit] Career highs

[edit] 40 point games

Bird scored 40 or more points 47 times in the regular season.

Points

Opponent

Home/Away

Date

Minutes
played

FGM

FGA

3PM

3PA

FTM

FTA

Rebounds

Assists

Steals

Blocks

60

Atlanta Hawks

Neutral
(New Orleans, LA)

01985-03-12 March 12, 1985

43

22

36

1

4

15

16

7

3

0

0

53

Indiana Pacers

Home

01983-03-30 March 30, 1983

 

21

30

0

 

11

11

       

50

Dallas Mavericks

Away

01986-03-10 March 10, 1986

40

18

33

4

7

10

11

11

5

1

0

50

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01989-11-10 November 10, 1989

39

19

25

1

1

11

12

13

7

0

0

49

Washington Bullets

Home

01988-01-27 January 27, 1988

43

20

30

0

4

9

9

8

6

4

0

49

Phoenix Suns

Away

01988-02-15 February 15, 1988

43

17

27

3

6

12

12

12

7

0

2

49 (2 OT)

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01992-03-15 March 15, 1992

54

19

35

2

8

9

10

14

12

4

1

48

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01984-12-09 December 9, 1984

42

20

32

0

2

8

9

14

5

1

1

48

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01985-01-27 January 27, 1985

45

17

28

2

5

12

12

10

7

3

1

48

Houston Rockets

Home

01985-03-17 March 17, 1985

43

17

32

0

2

14

15

15

7

2

0

47 (OT)

Milwaukee Bucks

Home

01985-04-12 April 12, 1985

                     

47

Detroit Pistons

Home

01985-11-27 November 27, 1985

39

17

31

0

0

13

13

12

2

2

0

47 (OT)

Portland Trail Blazers

Away

01986-02-14 February 14, 1986

49

21

34

3

3

2

3

14

11

1

2

47

New York Knicks

Home

01987-04-12 April 12, 1987

38

22

34

0

1

3

5

7

8

4

0

47 (2 OT)

Washington Bullets

Away

01987-11-07 November 7, 1987

53

19

29

1

2

8

10

8

7

2

0

46

Orlando Magic

Away

01990-03-16 March 16, 1990

44

19

33

1

3

7

8

8

10

1

0

45

Phoenix Suns

Away

01980-02-13 February 13, 1980

                     

45

Indiana Pacers

Away

01985-02-24 February 24, 1985

45

18

31

1

3

8

11

12

5

5

0

45

Charlotte Hornets

Home

01990-11-14 November 14, 1990

44

18

28

0

0

9

9

8

8

2

5

44

Houston Rockets

Away

01988-02-09 February 9, 1988

44

17

27

1

2

9

10

15

3

2

2

44

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01988-02-24 February 24, 1988

44

17

35

1

5

9

9

11

8

1

0

44

Chicago Bulls

Home

01988-04-21 April 21, 1988

40

19

29

0

0

6

6

10

3

1

1

43

Cleveland Cavaliers

Neutral
(Hartford, CT)

01986-03-18 March 18, 1986

29

17

24

5

6

4

4

8

3

3

0

43

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01987-02-25 February 25, 1987

46

17

30

1

4

8

9

10

8

2

1

43

New Jersey Nets

Home

01990-04-04 April 4, 1990

39

16

29

2

4

9

9

15

6

2

0

43

Denver Nuggets

Home

01990-12-05 December 5, 1990

44

14

26

3

6

12

13

8

13

2

2

42

Philadelphia 76ers

Home

01984-11-09 November 9, 1984

(ejected)

                   

42

Seattle SuperSonics

Home

01987-03-20 March 20, 1987

46

15

28

2

5

10

10

12

5

3

3

42

Indiana Pacers

Home

01987-11-11 November 11, 1987

42

15

24

2

2

10

10

20

5

3

2

41

Detroit Pistons

Home

01980-03-02 March 2, 1980

                     

41

Portland Trail Blazers

Home

01983-12-02 December 2, 1983

                     

41

Atlanta Hawks

Away

01986-01-18 January 18, 1986

40

15

27

2

4

9

11

7

6

3

2

41 (OT)

Chicago Bulls

Away

01987-03-27 March 27, 1987

46

17

29

1

1

6

6

7

7

3

1

41

Golden State Warriors

Home

01988-01-02 January 2, 1988

43

15

24

3

6

8

10

10

5

2

0

41

New York Knicks

Home

01988-01-06 January 6, 1988

44

17

30

3

3

4

4

6

5

3

0

41

Philadelphia 76ers

Home

01990-03-11 March 11, 1990

43

15

21

1

2

10

10

10

4

0

0

40

Detroit Pistons

Home

01982-01-10 January 10, 1982

                     

40

Dallas Mavericks

Away

01984-11-27 November 27, 1984

44

16

20

0

 

8

8

10

9

0

1

40

Denver Nuggets

Away

01985-02-20 February 20, 1985

46

14

28

0

2

12

13

9

6

0

0

40

New Jersey Nets

Home

01986-03-30 March 30, 1986

46

15

28

3

7

7

8

7

7

1

0

40

Atlanta Hawks

Home

01987-01-23 January 23, 1987

39

14

24

3

7

9

10

12

5

2

1

40

New Jersey Nets

Home

01987-03-22 March 22, 1987

42

17

27

3

5

3

4

8

13

2

0

40

Denver Nuggets

Home

01987-12-09 December 9, 1987

40

16

25

0

5

8

8

13

1

2

1

40

Portland Trail Blazers

Away

01988-02-19 February 19, 1988

40

18

27

1

2

3

4

13

5

2

0

40

Seattle SuperSonics

Home

01989-12-13 December 13, 1989

46

17

27

2

5

4

4

11

10

1

2

40

Utah Jazz

Home

01989-12-20 December 20, 1989

41

16

30

1

2

7

7

8

5

2

0

40

Miami Heat

Home

01990-04-12 April 12, 1990

40

14

23

2

5

10

10

6

9

1

0

 

d.Kavin Mc Hale

Kevin McHale

Kevin McHale

 

McHale (right) speaking to Sebastian Telfair

No. 32

Power forward / Center

Personal information

Date of birth

December 19, 1957 (1957-12-19) (age 53)

Place of birth

Hibbing, Minnesota

Nationality

American

High school

Hibbing

Listed height

6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)

Listed weight

210 lb (95 kg)

Career information

College

Minnesota (1976–1980)

NBA Draft

1980 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3rd overall

Selected by the Boston Celtics

Pro career

1980–1993

Career history

As player:

19801994 Boston Celtics

As coach:

2005, 2008–2009 Minnesota Timberwolves
2011–present Houston Rockets

Career highlights and awards

Career statistics

Points

17,335 (17.9 ppg)

Rebounds

7,122 (7.3 rpg)

Blocks

1,689 (1.7 bpg)

Info Page

Stats at Basketball-Reference.com

Basketball Hall of Fame as player

Medals[show]

Kevin Edward McHale (born December 19, 1957) is a retired American professional basketball player and current head coach of the Houston Rockets.[1] After his playing career, he worked for the Minnesota Timberwolves as the team’s general manager and later its coach. He was fired as coach in June 2009. McHale then worked as an analyst for NBA TV and Turner Sports.

Contents

Early life

Kevin McHale was born to Paul Austin McHale and Josephine Patricia Starcevich in Hibbing, Minnesota.[2] In his senior season at Hibbing High School, he was named Minnesota’s Mr. Basketball of 1976 and led his squad to a runner-up finish in the AA Minnesota State Championship game.

In 1992, McHale was elected to the Minnesota State High School League Hall of Fame.

Personal life

On June 30, 1982, he married his wife Lynn. They have five children.

In 1990 and again in 1991, he appeared as himself in two episodes of Cheers, a television situation comedy set in Boston.

College career

The 6 ft 10 in (209 cm) McHale played basketball at the power forward position for the University of Minnesota from 1976 to 1980, with career averages of 15.2 points and 8.5 rebounds per game.

He was named All-Big Ten in 1979 and 1980 and still ranks second in school history in career points (1704) and rebounds (950).

In 1995, to coincide with the University of Minnesota’s 100th anniversary, he was selected as top player in the history of University of Minnesota men’s basketball.

McHale is famous for an encounter with Chuck Foreman in the Gopher locker room. Foreman, a famous Minnesota Vikings player at the time, was congratulating the Gophers on a hard fought victory. As Foreman was shaking all the players’ hands, when he arrived at the then-unknown power forward, McHale displayed his comic wit: “Why hello, Mr. Foreman. What do you do for a living?”[3]

NBA playing career

Early professional playing career

Heading into the 1980 NBA Draft the Celtics held the number one overall pick. But in a shrewd pre-draft trade, considered by some to be among the most lopsided in NBA history, Boston Celtics President Red Auerbach dealt the top pick and an additional first-round pick to the Golden State Warriors for center Robert Parish and the Warriors’ first-round pick, the third overall. With that pick the Celtics chose McHale.

McHale’s stay in Boston got off to a rocky start as he held out for a large contract, even threatening to play in Italy[citation needed], before signing a three-year deal with the Celtics. Backing up Larry Bird and Cedric “Cornbread” Maxwell at forward, McHale made an immediate impact and was named to the NBA’s All-Rookie First Team in his rookie season. Boston finished with the NBA’s best record that year.

In the playoffs the Celtics swept the Chicago Bulls in the first round. In the Eastern Conference Finals, the Celtics faced a 3–1 deficit against the Philadelphia 76ers. But Boston won the last three games of the series, including Game 6 on Philadelphia’s home court. McHale helped save the Game 6 win by blocking Andrew Toney‘s shot and corralling the rebound with 16 seconds left to protect the Celtics’ one-point lead. In the NBA Finals, Boston defeated the Houston Rockets in six games to capture the club’s fourteenth championship.

The Celtics failed to advance to the NBA Finals the next two seasons. Philadelphia exacted a measure of revenge in the 1982 Eastern Conference Final, beating Boston at its home arena, the Boston Garden, in a seventh game. In the 1983 Eastern Conference Semifinals, the Celtics were swept by the Milwaukee Bucks, leading to the firing of head coach Bill Fitch.

Following the 1982–83 season McHale’s contract with the Celtics expired, and the New York Knicks signed him to a contract offer sheet. Auerbach retaliated by signing three of New York’s top free agent players to offer sheets. The Knicks elected to re-sign their players and give up their pursuit of McHale. McHale eventually re-signed with Boston, his $1 million per season contract making him the fourth-highest paid player in the NBA.

McHale won the first of his consecutive NBA Sixth Man Awards as Boston won a league-best 62 games in the 1983–84 season. Led by a new head coach, former Celtic K.C. Jones, Boston was also bolstered by the acquisition of point guard Dennis Johnson from the Phoenix Suns.

After surviving a tough seven-game semifinal battle with the Knicks, the Celtics avenged the previous season’s playoff loss to Milwaukee in the Eastern Conference Finals. Boston would face the Los Angeles Lakers in the NBA Finals in a highly-anticipated matchup.

In Game 4 of the finals, with the Celtics trailing in both the game and the series, McHale delivered a hard foul to Kurt Rambis, violently flinging him down by his throat, as the Lakers’ forward raced to the basket. The physical play touched off a bench-clearing scuffle. Boston came back to win the game in overtime and tie the series at two games apiece. They eventually prevailed in seven games to win the franchise’s fifteenth championship.

McHale continued to come off the bench during first half of the 1984–1985 season, but moved into a starting role in February 1985 after Cedric Maxwell injured a knee. On March 3 versus the Detroit Pistons McHale had his greatest scoring night, setting the Celtics’ single-game scoring record with 56 points.[4] Two nights later McHale scored 42 points against the Knicks, the only other time in his career he topped 40 points in a game. The 98 points in consecutive games is still a Celtics’ record. On March 12, just nine days after McHale scored 56, Larry Bird established a new Celtics’ single-game scoring mark by pouring in 60 points versus the Atlanta Hawks.

Boston captured its second straight Eastern Conference title but was upended in the NBA Finals in six games by the rival Lakers. McHale led the Celtics in scoring (26.0) and rebounding (10.7) versus the Lakers, including a 32-point, 16-rebound performance in the decisive sixth game.

The 1985–1986 edition of the Boston Celtics won the franchise’s sixteenth NBA Championship and is considered one of the greatest teams in NBA history.[5]

The Celtics acquired former NBA Most Valuable Player Bill Walton in a trade from the Los Angeles Clippers in September 1985, and added the 6 ft 11 in (211 cm) center to its already-formidable frontline. Boston sent Cedric Maxwell to the Clippers to complete the trade, clearing the way for McHale to move into a full time starting role. McHale averaged better than 20-points per game for the first time in his career (21.3) and finished thirteenth in the NBA Most Valuable Player voting.

He joined starters Larry Bird, Robert Parish, Dennis Johnson and Danny Ainge as the Celtics steamrolled the NBA with a league-best 67–15 record. The team set a then-NBA record by finishing with an 82–18 win-loss record (including playoffs), breaking the record of 81 victories by the 1971–72 Lakers.

Boston also set the NBA mark for most home victories in one season, finishing 50–1 (including playoffs) in 48 games in the Boston Garden and three games in Hartford, Connecticut. The Portland Trail Blazers were the only team to beat Boston at home, winning 121–103 in Boston on December 6, 1985. (The Celtics did not lose again at home until more than a year later, when Lakers beat them 117–110 on December 12, 1986.)

Boston won 41 of its first 50 games, including two victories over the Lakers. In a rout of the Clippers on December 30, 1985, McHale set his single-game high in rebounds with 18 (a mark he tied versus the Pistons in 1989).

An extremely durable player through the first five seasons of his career, McHale missed 14 games in early 1986 due to an injured Achilles tendon in his left ankle, but he was healthy when the playoffs began. Boston rolled through the Eastern Conference, winning 11 of 12 games versus Chicago, Atlanta and Milwaukee.

For the second time in five years the Celtics faced Houston in the NBA Finals, and the result was the same as in 1981, as Boston won the title in six games. McHale averaged 25.8 points per game in the finals to lead all scorers.

Middle career: the “torture chamber”

“When I was healthy, I always felt I could score,” McHale once told reporters. “When it went into what I called ‘The torture chamber,’ I knew it was in.”[6]

By his seventh pro season, McHale had rehearsed and refined his low-post moves and had become one of the NBA’s most dominant offensive forces, out-leaping, out-spinning and out-maneuvering defender after defender in his “torture chamber”. McHale was never better than the 1986–1987 season, setting career highs in scoring (26.1) and rebounding (9.9). He also became the first player in NBA history to shoot sixty percent or better from the field (60.4%) and eighty percent or better from the free throw line (83.6%) in the same season. McHale was named to the All-NBA First Team, was named the NBA’s best defensive player by the league’s coaches, and finished fourth in the Most Valuable Player voting behind Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan, and Larry Bird.

In nine games from February 23, 1987, through March 13, McHale played arguably the best stretch of basketball in his career. He averaged 30.7 points and 10 rebounds per game while shooting a staggering 71.7 percent from the floor. During this stretch McHale scored his season-high in points, 38 versus the Pistons on March 1.

In a win at Chicago on March 27, McHale broke the navicular bone in his right foot. He ignored doctors’ advice that the injury could be career-threatening and continued to play. In the playoffs a hobbled McHale averaged 39 minutes per game and connected on 58 percent of his shots as Boston once again won the Eastern Conference title. Boston swept the Bulls in the first round for the second straight year and survived two seven-game series with the Bucks and Pistons. A tired and hurting Celtics team could not defend its championship, losing to the Lakers in six games in the NBA Finals.

Off-season surgery on his injured right foot and ankle forced McHale to sit out the first month of the 1987–1988 season He scored 22 points in 22 minutes of play in his return to the Celtics on December 1, 1987, versus Atlanta.

Teammate Danny Ainge once called McHale “The Black Hole“, joking that when the basketball was passed inside to McHale it disappeared because he rarely passed it back. But in a win over the Dallas Mavericks on April 3, 1988, McHale played the role of passer, distributing a career high 10 assists.

The Celtics won 57 games and made their fifth straight appearance in the Eastern Conference Finals. McHale shot 60 percent from the field and averaged a career playoff-high 25.4 points per game as Boston defeated the Knicks in four games and the Hawks in a thrilling seven-game semi-final series. The Detroit Pistons were too strong for the Celtics this time around and defeated Boston in six games in the conference final. Head coach K. C. Jones retired at the end of the season, and the Celtics of the Bird-McHale-Parish era would never again advance past the conference semi-finals.

Later career

Injuries limited Larry Bird to just six games in 1988–89 and the Celtics slipped to 42–40. New head coach Jimmy Rodgers coaxed the team into the playoffs as the Eastern Conference’s eighth and final seed behind the play of McHale and Parish and second-year guard Reggie Lewis.

The Celtics faced the Pistons in the playoffs for the third straight year. Detroit bottled up McHale this time around, holding him to 19 points per game and less than 50 percent shooting from the field. The Pistons easily swept the Celtics en route to their first NBA Championship.

The 1989–90 season marked the last time McHale was healthy enough to play in all 82 regular season games for the Celtics, but the season was one of discontent for Boston. Second-year point guard Brian Shaw left the team to play in Europe after a salary dispute, and Larry Bird—back from his injuries—was criticized by teammates, including McHale, for taking too many shots and trying to dominate games on his own.

Rodgers moved McHale back into his old “sixth man” role for the majority of the regular season; McHale’s scoring dipped into the teens coming off the bench. With 23 games to play and Boston just nine games above .500, Rodgers decided to put McHale back into the starting lineup. McHale averaged 24.2 points and 9 rebounds down the stretch as the Celtics went 18–5 and finished just a game behind Philadelphia in the Atlantic Division.

McHale became the first player in twenty years to finish in the NBA’s top ten in field goal percentage (seventh) and free throw percentage (fifth) in the same season.

Boston took the first two games of its first-round playoff series with the Knicks, including a record-setting 157–128 blowout in Game 2. In a shocking reversal the Knicks fought back and won the last three games of the series, bouncing the stunned Celtics from the playoffs. Head coach Jimmy Rodgers was fired following the playoff disappointment.

McHale contemplated retirement in the off-season after having another surgery performed on his balky right ankle, but he came back for the 1990–91 season. Boston paired young backcourt players Lewis, Dee Brown, Kevin Gamble and Brian Shaw—back from his year in Europe—with Bird, McHale and Parish and hired Chris Ford, a longtime assistant coach and member of the Celtics’ 1981 championship team, to be its head coach.

The season got off to a promising start as Boston sprinted to a 29–5 record, but the Celtics were soon slowed by injuries to McHale (ankle) and Bird (back). McHale missed 14 regular season games and Bird 22, as the Celtics limped to a 27–21 record over the last three months of the season. Boston defeated the Indiana Pacers in five games in a hotly-contested first round playoff matchup, but for the third time in four years the Celtics were eliminated by Detroit, this time in a six-game semi-final series.

McHale played in a career-low 56 games and Bird played in just 45, as each suffered through an injury-plagued 1991–92 season. Boston struggled for most of the regular season but got hot as the playoffs approached, winning 15 of its last 16 games and finishing with 51 wins, the third-most in the Eastern Conference.

The Celtics swept the Pacers in the first round, but were defeated in seven games in the conference semi-finals by the younger, quicker Cleveland Cavaliers. Bird retired from the NBA three months later.

The 1992–93 season was McHale’s last in the NBA. McHale played in 71 games, but he was severely hampered by leg and back injuries. He averaged just 10.7 points per game and shot less than 50 percent from the floor (45.9%) for the only time in his career.

In the first round of the NBA playoffs against the Charlotte Hornets the Celtics were stunned by the loss of Lewis, their leading scorer. He collapsed on the court during Game 1 and was diagnosed with what eventually proved to be a fatal heart condition. McHale performed brilliantly in the series. He averaged 19.6 points per game and shot 58 percent from the field—including 30 points and 10 rebounds in Game 2—but Boston fell to the Hornets in four games.

McHale announced his retirement while talking with reporters at the scorer’s table after the Game 4 loss in Charlotte.

Legacy

McHale was a part of what some[who?] consider the league’s best-ever frontline with small forward Larry Bird and center Robert Parish. The trio of Hall of Famers became known as the “Big Three” and led the Celtics to five NBA Finals appearances and three NBA Championships, in 1981, 1984 and 1986. For the first five years of his career McHale primarily came off the bench for the Celtics, winning the NBA Sixth Man of the Year Award in 1984 and 1985.

Possessing a wide variety of offensive moves close to the basket the agile, long-armed McHale played in seven National Basketball Association All-Star Games between 1984 and 1991. McHale’s finest season came in 1986–87 when he was named to the All-NBA First Team as a forward. He led the NBA in field goal percentage in 1987 and 1988, shooting 60.4 percent each season. Also a standout defensive player, McHale was selected to the NBA All-Defensive First or Second Team six times. He twice blocked nine shots in a game, the most ever by a Boston Celtics’ player (blocked shots did not become an official NBA statistic until the 1974 season).

In 971 regular season games McHale averaged 17.9 points and 7.3 rebounds and in 169 post-season games averaged 18.8 points and 7.4 rebounds.[7]

.

 

PS.The CD-ROM exist ,but only for premium member , please subscribe via comment.

PART THREE 1990-2000

PART FOUR 2000-2011

TOP 10 HOT LIST
Basketball Cards
April 2010


1 – Russell Westbrook Rookie Cards~ Last Month (8)Nobody has seen a pop in their card values like Westbrook who has taken full advantage of the big stage during the NBA Playoffs. The bad news is that he is lighting up Derek Fisher, who as a Lakers fan myself, know full well that I could strap it up and score 20 on Fish. Sad but true.

In game 5 during the Oklahoma City Thunder vs. L.A. Lakers series Kobe Bryant kept Russell Westbrook in check.  I mentioned last month how I hadn’t seen Westbrook play much, now I have seen him for 5 games straight, and he has some good and bad to his game.

Very athletic, quick, and deceptively strong. Poor outside shooter, and commits way too many turnovers. I personally don’t think he will be as good a player as the two rookie PG’s from the 09/10 class – Tyreke Evans and Stephen Curry. But that’s just me. Westbrook has a lot to work on to be an elite PG in the NBA. It’s one thing to light up Derek Fisher, I want to see him be more consistent.

Russell Westbrook SPX Rookie Auto

2 – Kevin Durant Rookie Cards~ Last Month (1)The Oklahoma City Thunder bandwagon got real full real quick!  Fans were coming out of the wood work to claim allegiance to the Thunder, and specifically Durant and Westbrook.

Durant has had an up and down series versus the Lakers, in large part because Ron Artest is one of the better 1 on 1 defenders in the league. Collectors love Durant, even if he does take a few too many bad shots… :)

I expect the Durant and Westbrook love to cool if they eventually lose to the Lakers in the 1st round of the NBA Playoffs. Look to pick up some rookie cards during the off-season when they get bounced and the bandwagon clears out.

2007/09 Kevin Durant Rookie Patch Auto

3 – High End Michael Jordan Cards~ Last Month (2)Michael Jordan high end basketball cards still DOMINATE the eBay most watched basketball card lists. His cards are seemingly always at the top of the list, no matter how many points Russell Westbrook has dropped on Derek Fisher.

Collectors love his Upper Deck Exquisite dual cards with Kobe Bryant and LeBron James. With Upper Deck on the ropes financially, it will be interesting to see what happens to their autograph deal with Jordan. You know another company, possibly Panini, would LOVE to get some Jordan autograph and game used cards into their products.

Michael Jordan Exquisite Patch Autograph

4 – High End LeBron James Cards~ Last Month (3)LeBron is trying to steam roll his way to the NBA Finals. Collectors are betting the Cavs can win because sales of his high end rookie cards, like his UD 03/04 Exquisite, have been red hot.

What looms for collectors and LeBron is his decision on free agency this summer. Will he stay in Cleveland? Or bolt to New York, Charlotte, or GASP! take the MLE to come play with the Lakers?!?!?!?!

As mentioned in the Jordan write-up, with Upper Deck’s future up in the air, will they part ways with James?  While I wonder if Panini would want Jordan, I KNOW they would like to get a shot of LeBron and at the very least pay some big bucks to get him to sign some cards.

LeBron James Exquisite Limited Logos Patch Auto

5 – Deron Williams 2005/06 Rookie Cards~ Last Month (NR)This is what happens when you play well in the playoffs. It gets you back in the hearts and minds of collectors. Deron Williams rookie cards have been all over the eBay most watched basketball cards lists. Specifically collectors are trying to get a 05/06 Upper Deck Exquisite Patch Auto /99.

I’ve always like Deron Williams, and if he ever gets some help in Utah, or bolts to a new city, this guy will one day be a winner.

Deron Williams Utah Jazz Autograph

6 – Derrick Rose Rookie Cards~ Last Month (NR)Basketball collectors love their point guards!  Even though the Bulls got bounced out of the 09/10 NBA Playoffs by LeBron and the Cleveland Cavs, fans of Derrick Rose have pushed the value of his 2008/09 rookie cards higher.

Look for Rose to be one and done on the hot list, but if the Bulls can get a few more skilled players around him, perhaps they will make a deeper playoff run to fuel Derrick Rose rookie card prices higher.

Derrick Rose Greats Of The Game Autograph

7 – Tyreke Evans 2009/10 Rookie Cards~ Last Month (4)Tyreke just won the NBA Rookie of the Year, but slipped a few places on the hot list because the Sacramento Kings did not make the playoffs. This is a guy I like. I see him being a better player, then all the point guards ahead of him on this months basketball card hot list: Westbrook, Williams, and Rose.

Keep an eye on the prices for Evans autograph rookie cards, which have come down from their early season hype. Look to pick up a card or two after the 2010 NBA Draft when basketball collectors are distracted by a new wave of rookies. Then just hope the Kings can find a way to win, because that will set Tyreke’s rookie cards back on fire.

2009/10 Panini Limited Tyreke Evans Patch Auto Rookie RC

8 – Stephen Curry 2009/10 Rookie Cards~ Last Month (5)The KNBR radio guys in the Bay Area love this guy! They were all so mad that Tyreke Evans beat him out for the 09/10 NBA Rookie of the Year. Curry kind of came on later in the season which hurt his chances, but his talent is unquestioned at this point.

The problem Tyreke and Stephen have is that they are on bad basketball teams. That will have to improve for Tyreke and Curry to ever have long lasting success in the hobby.

2009/10 Panini Limited Stephen Curry Patch Auto Rookie RC

9 – Brandon Jennings 2009/10 Rookie Cards~ Last Month (10)I mentioned last month how I didn’t think that Jennings would be back on the hot list – shows you how much I know about the Eastern Conference.  I had a chance to watch the Bucks beat the Hawks in game 5 of their 1st round series and liked what I saw out of Jennings.

He has a lot to work on, much like Westbrook, but the skills are there to be a great NBA point guard.  Jennings performance in the playoffs might push him past Evans and Curry in the May Basketball Hot List Edition.

2009/10 Panini Playoff Contenders Brandon Jennings Auto RC

10 – 2009/10 Panini Adrenalyn Codes~ Last Month (NR)What? You didn’t know how popular this game has become?  I get LOT’s of requests for codes and Adrenalyn information. So here you go:

2009/10 Panini Adrenalyn XL Basketball Checklist

Also be sure to check out: Panini Basketball Blog – for updates on cards, as well as free Panini Adrenalyn Codes!

2009/10 Panini Adrenalyn Andres Nocioni

The end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

The rare chinese Ceramic and Artwork Auction 2011

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Introductions

 

Many visitor of r iwan cybermuseum were asked where I best sold my collections, for them I will show two recent auctions :

first the Shoteby chinese ceramic at Hongkong 2011

second the auction at  Marck Labarbe Toulouse France 2011

Only the rare collections  still bought by the collectors,

1.the ceramic from Tang dynasty

2.The Chinese old painting

3.The Old chinese statue

I hope the collectors all over the world will ejoy this informations,more info exist,but only for premium member,please subscribed via comment.

the end@copyright Dr iwan Suwnady 2011

The Special Phillatelic Book:”five centuries of the tile of Portugal

IWANCYBERMUSEUM SPECIAL SHOW

THE PORTUGEUS LIMITED SPECIAL PHILLATELIC BOOK

Azulejo

5 centuries of the tile in Portugal 1989

 

Limited edition joint between Portugeus postal telecommunication and museum national Azulejo Portugal

Edited  by Rafael Salinas Calado

 

  

Limited Stamp Sheet edition1.000.000

Dr iwan collection no.0002847 

And

  

Book 10.000

Dr Iwan collection no 02847

 

 

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

The show to celebrating the 100.000 visit of Driwancybermuseum,wordpress,com

Jakarta@copyright dr iwanSuwandy 2011

Look the picture of site stat of the web blog by wordpress.com

 

Dr Iwan Notes:”Thank you very much to all visitor support,correction and suggestions,we hope after this the cybermuseum will be growth-up and became more populer as the best Cybermuseum of the world, please support and pray for Driwancybermuseum”

!!!!!!!!VIVA DRIWANCYBERMUSEUM!!!!!!!

 

FRONT COVER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRONTPAGE

 

LIMITED STAMP SHEET COLLECTIONS

 

 

 

PREFACE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

TILES IN 15TH-16TH CENTURIES

 

 

 

 

THE XVII th CENTURIES TILES

STAMP

 

 

 

 

TILES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XVIIIth CENTURIES TILES

STAMPS

 

 

 

TILES

 

 

 

 

XIX th CENTURIES TILES

STAMPS

 

 

 

TILES

 

XXth CENTURIES TILES

STAMP

 

 

TILES

 

 

MORE INFO ABOUT PORTUGAL TILES STAMPS

Postugal

 

FIVE CENTUREI OF TILES IN POTUGAL 1

This is the first of five issues tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal, where they have been widely used since the late 15th century for the decoration of interior and exterior walls and floors of public buildings and private homes. Until the mid-16th century, tiles were mainly imported from Spain, but as foreign artisans settled, local production started to soar. All tiles in this issue are from the collection of the National Tile Museum , in Lisbon, and showcase different manufacturing techniques and design patterns. Early techniques and designs were taken from the Moors, who introduced tiles in the Iberian Peninsula.

 

Rajola tile from Setúbal (Valencia, 15th cent.) 

Tracery pattern tile from Coimbra’s Old Cathedral (Seville, ca. 1503) 

Arms of Jaime, Duke of Bragança, from the Vila Viçosa palace (Seville, 1510) 

Pisana tile from Funchal’s Santa Clara convent (Lisbon, ca. 1595)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 16 March, 13 June, 28 August and 16 December 1981, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 5 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 250 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 250 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

 

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 2

This is the second set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The tiles on the first stamp belong to the collection of the National Tile Museum, in Lisbon, which is located in the former Convent of Madre de Deus. The 4×4 tile pattern on the last stamp comes from the cloister of that convent. The quadrilobate pattern can be seen in many churches in Portugal. Dutch-inspired blue and white tiles started to become popular by the end of the 17th century.

 

Italo-Flemish pattern (17th cent.) 

Altar panel showing oriental tapestry (17th cen  

Quadrilobate pattern (1630-1640)

Quadrilobate pattern (1670-1690)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 24 March, 11 June, 22 September and 15 December 1982, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of the last stamp and 3 million copies of each other one, on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 250 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 250 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 3

This is the third set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The piece on the first stamp is part of a set of six panels existing at the Palace of the Counts of Calheta, which nowadays hosts the Tropical Museum in Lisbon. The third and fourth pieces belong to National Tile Museum, in Lisbon, and were made in the studio of Gabriel del Barco y Minusca. The third piece shows an albarrada, a floral vase flanked by animals. Albarradas were probably inspired by Flemish paintings of flower vases.

 

Figurative panel: hunt scene (17th/18th cent.) 

Single figure tiles (18th cent.) 

Albarrada (18th cent.) 

Figurative panel: turkish horseman (18th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 16 March, 16 June, 18 October and 23 November 1983, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 200 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 4

This is the fourth set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The panel on the first stamp was manufactured by Real Fábrica do Rato, in Lisbon, and can be found in a vestry of the former Madre de Deus convent, which now hosts the National Tile Museum. The tile panel on the second stamp is part of the wall decorations of the Alvor-Pombal palace, also in Lisbon, which now hosts the National Museum of Ancient Art. Portugal adopted the Brazilian fashion of using tiles for decorating the façade of buildings when Brazilian immigrants in Porto started to produce, in the second half of the 19th century, monochromatic high-relief tiles for that purpose, like those on the third stamp. The Art Nouveau pieces on the last stamp were designed by Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro for the decoration of bakeries, and were manufactured by the factory he founded in Caldas da Rainha.

 

King José I coat of arms (18th cent.) 

Ashlar in D. Maria style (18th cent.)

Pattern for façades (19th cent.)

Grasshoppers and wheat (19th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 8 March, 18 July, 3 August and 17 October 1984, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 200 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 5

This last set of stamps illustrates the 20th century history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The tiles on the first stamp are part of a larger panel in the Faculty of Letters of the University of Lisbon. The tiles on the second stamp are part of a street panel on Infante Santo Avenue, in Lisbon. The two other stamps depict tiles in the collection of the National Tile Museum, also in Lisbon. Manuel Cargaleiro’s tiles on the last stamp are an update of the 18th century single figure style shown in the third issue. Maria Keil was one of the major forces of the revival and renovation of the art of tiles in the second half of the 20th century, having designed from 1957 to 1982 the abstract tile panels decorating 19 Lisbon subway stations. You can see her and Cargaleiro’s work, amongst others, by selecting the individual stations on the Lisbon Subway Art site.

 

Tiles by Jorge Barradas (1957) 

Tiles by Maria Keil (20th cent.)

Woman’s head by Querubim Lapa (20th cent.) 

Tiles by Manuel Cargaleiro (20th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 13 February, 19 June, 20 August and 15 November 1985, and circulated until 31 December 1992. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 120 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp

PS THE COMPLETE COLLECTIONS EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER ,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT.

The end@copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

The Islamic stamps and postal history

 

 

ISLAMIC POSTAL HISTORY

 

CREATED BY

Dr Iwan Suwandy

Jakarta@copyright 2011

 

 

 

 

afghanistan

 

Albania

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lybia

 

 

Iran

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maritime mail

Russian company on steamship

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey,Liannos local post

 

 

 

 

Admirality stamps

 

 

The end @copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

Ps.complete collections exist,but only for premium member,please subscribed via comment

The Scientifict Fact Of Orgasm

 

history

In the 1950s Robert Kinsey, the first scientist to study human sexuality in detail, once likened the orgasm to “the crescendo, climax, and sudden stillness achieved by an orchestra of human emotions… an explosion of tensions, and to sneezing.” That definition has since been boiled down to “something that is awesome”. However you like to describe the culmination of your chosen sexual act, always remember that studies have shown that having an orgasm is good for one’s health, in moderation, of course. Take a moment to read through the science of orgasms, and discover what it means in the animal kingdom, too.

 
 

Orgasm

 

An orgasm is a sexual climax or peak. Orgasm occurs as a result of continued sexual stimulation. During an orgasm, there is a strong feeling of excitement and intense physical pleasure. Sexual stimulation may be sexual intercourse, hand rubbing and squeezing, called masturbation, or other activities that excite the sex organs. During an orgasm, a person’s body usually spasms (shakes or trembles) and the person’s brain activity changes quickly. Orgasms may happen when people are asleep. When men ejaculate in their sleep, this is often called a “wet dream”.

Orgasms happen to other mammals when they have sex, in a similar way.

 Male orgasm

The penis usually becomes hard before an orgasm, and softens again after. When a man has an orgasm, he feels a very strong and enjoyable feeling, sometimes throughout his entire body. In a man, an orgasm usually happens at the same time as an ejaculation, which is an involuntary release of semen through the penis. Young boys can orgasm, but there may be no semen because semen release usually occurs only after puberty has started. After an orgasm, men usually experience a deep sense of relaxation, usually felt in the groin and the thighs. Usually the stronger the orgasm, the deeper the relaxation and the longer the relaxation will last.

Female orgasm

A woman’s orgasm begins in her clitoris, which is the counterpart of the man’s penis. It is preceded by an erection of the clitoris and a moistening of the opening of the vagina. When a woman experiences a full orgasm, her uterus, vagina, anus, and pelvic muscles undergo a series of rhythmic contractions. Most women find these contractions very pleasurable.[1]

References

  1. van Netten JJ, Georgiadis JR, Nieuwenburg A, Kortekaas R (April 2008). “8-13 Hz fluctuations in rectal pressure are an objective marker of clitorally-induced orgasm in women”. Archives of Sexual Behavior 37 (2):

scientific info

1.

Orgasm Every Day It Protects From Disease

 

If you want to avoid the disease, do not bother to undergo a difficult process. Just make your body orgasms every day. Disease would disappear instantly. it help you sleep well, relieve stress and burn calories, there are also several other reasons why you need to have sex more often. klik here to download for more information.

Are you including the person can produce an orgasm every day? If yes, then lucky you.! The reason is, women can regularly orgasm will appear more energetic and avoid the threat of disease, as expressed to a new study released by Mid Day.

According to the team from the Women’s Health Program in Australia, women who have high levels of sex life, she will have a more vibrant vitality and a better psychological outlook than those who only have sex less than twice a month. A recent study says that women who have sex more than twice a week, have a lesser risk of getting a heart attack, than women who had sex less than once a month.

women who are sexually not very satisfied with satisfaction tend to have low self welfare and lacking in vitality.”

“These findings highlight the importance of addressing these areas as an important part of health care because women may be uncomfortable discussing this issue with their doctor,

In this study, is known to have 90 percent of women having their sexual activity with a partner where 50 percent do it because the agenda of partner initiatives. Female sexual activity are more likely to be influenced by the presence of a partner, health partners, and sexual function are not addressed in this study.

“The fact that these things are identified as a satisfaction for maintaining the level of sexual activity of women is greatest, ie, due to expectations of behavior and of their partners,” said Professor Susan Davis, senior author who is also based on the Women’s Health Program in Australia.

It also strengthens the fact that the frequency of sexual activity in women can not be used as a reliable indicator as part of sexual welfare, “added the expert.

Sexual medicine expert, Dr. Irwin Goldsten said, “This emphasizes the role and importance of sexual health on the health and welfare of women as a whole.
this also applies to men.

Okay that’s All About Article Orgasm Every Day It Protects From Disease, Hopefully the Article useful to you. if anyone wants to add, criticize, or suggestions regarding this article please comment below or contact me

2.5 Characteristics Female Orgasm Real Or Fake Results of a study, 70 percent of women fake orgasms to please their partner. Some features of the female orgasm may need to be known by the men to see if their partner is really having an orgasm or merely pretending.

- As reported by iVillage, the first feature of the female orgasm can be seen from the nipple and clit. If you have an orgasm, a woman’s clitoris will harden. This is also true for female nipple. If the nipples or clitoris does not harden but the couple seemed to be like having an orgasm, could be a 95 percent chance the woman faked her orgasms.

- The second feature can be seen from the breath and heartbeat of the woman. Listen to her breathing in his ear, if the weight means she will achieve something. Breathing will be heavier when the woman reaches orgasm. Her heart rate would be even faster as you approach orgasm. If these two things do not happen, it could be he’s just pretending to please their partner.

- The third characteristic can be seen from the size of her pupils. Pupils are dilated so the sign of a woman reach orgasm during intercourse. If you are having sex with a partner in a dark room, would be difficult to know if her pupils dilated or not. The third trick can be done in a bright room. When making love, ask your partner’s eyes. Women usually want to do it because they feel it is romantic. You have to actually remember how her pupils during orgasm and compare it when the show finished making love.

- A fourth feature is the lip color. Women who experience orgasm lips will change color becomes increasingly red. It is not just occur on the lips on the face alone. Vaginal lips will experience a similar color change. So when you start to penetrate, consider the color of her lips. Then compare the time couples reach orgasm. If it does not change the red lips, she could be faking it.

- Characteristics last or fifth characteristic is the attitude after orgasm. One that could be a sign of women fake orgasms or not is to see how his attitude after reaching a climax. Is he just got up from bed or choose to lie down? If the selection is the first, your spouse probably besarmemalsukan orgasm. On reaching orgasm, the chemical effects that will happen is the eyes glaze and the body becomes limp. So that a woman usually takes a few minutes to lie down to enjoy the moment.

 

 

FREE ORGASM PROBLEM ‘S CONSULTATIONS VIA COMMENT OR EMAIL

tye end @ copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

Dr iwan CR-ROM sample:”How to upgrade your collections for win gold medal at international phillatelic exhibition”

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book E-Book CD-ROM Exhibition

HOW TO UPGRADE YOUR QUALITY AND RARERITY PHILLATELIC COLLECTION TO WIN THE  INTERNATIONAL PHILLATELIC EXHIBITION ‘S GOLD MEDAL

 

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS the Limited CD-ROM exist but only for premium member subscribed via comment and buy this rare limited 10 CD-ROM issued,and win the gold medal in international phillatelic exhibition.

Introductions

After 55 years of collecting and collections fllateli menyakiskan several international philatelic exhibitions both in Indonesia and in foreign countries and follow a few lectures about the requirements and assessment of the international exhibition of philatelic collections, then I conclude that the main factor you should consider for your collection on display can be won prize medals gold is the quality and scarcity of your collection as well as narrative and performance kemampauan collection.

I am very concerned about the collection of Indonesia are generally only able to reach the Large silver prize, and very minimal which attained their Gold medal, and almost never heard (sorry if any) a large gold medal.

In relation to the above, I tried to do research, what exactly caused it, the conclusion of quality, rarity and the narrative is less successful is shown by the participants, they may not understand exactly what is meant by the world’s philatelic experts about the quality, the scarcity of technical and narrative .

The results of my research below is expected to assist the Indonesian philatelists and other countries in enhancing the quality collections on display in terms of quality and technical rerity and narrative.

The example shown is taken from the miraculous world of philately collection, written by experts philatelists, teruitama displayed in order to promote high-quality collection of rare preformance in the offer international auction.

Enjoy and explore philately collection that meets international standards of quality and rarity collection worthy of display in order to obtain the maximum valuation of 10 to 12 so medasli gold can be achieved.

This is a collection that displayed a collection of choice to be made an example for Indonesia and international philately ubntuk used as a collection or an investment because this type of collection that are still in demand of philatelists, while the collection under this standard is no longer in demand.

Jakarta, September 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy, MHA

SAMPLE COLLECTION Philately WITH QUALITY AND SCARCITY TO WIN GOLD MEDAL

KNOWN AS

PHILLATELIC GEMs

Indonesian Version

SAetelah 55 tahun mengumpul koleksi fllateli dan menyakiskan beberapa pameran filateli international baik di Indonesia dan di manca negara serta mengikuti beberapa  ceramah tentang persyaratan dan penilaian pameran koleksi filateli international, maka saya berkesimpulan faktor utama yang anda harus perhatikan agar koleksi anda yang dipamerkan dapat meraih hadiah medali emas adalah kualitas dan kelangkaan koleksi anda serta kemampauan narasi serta penampilan koleksi tersebut.

Saya sangat prihatin koleksi dari Indonesia umumnya hanya mampu meraih hadiah   Large silver saja, dan sangat minim yang memeroleh medali Gold, serta hampir tidak pernah terdengar (maaf bila ada) yang meraih  medali large gold.

Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut diatas ,saya berusaha melakukan penelitian ,apakah sebenarnya yang menyebabkannya, kesimpulannya kualitas,kelangkaan dan narasinya yang kurang berhasil ditampilkan oleh para peserta , mungkin mereka kurang tepat memahami apa yang dimaksud oleh para pakar filateli dunia tentang kualitas,kelangkaan serta teknis narasinya.

Hasil penelitian saya dibawah ini diharapkan dapat membantu para filatelis indonesia dan negara lain dalam meningkatkan mutu koleksi yang dipamerkan dari segi kualitas dan rerity serta teknis narasinya.

Contoh  yang ditampilkan diambil dari bebrapa koleksi filatelis dunia yang ditulis oleh para pakar filatelis,teruitama yang ditampilkan dalam rangka promosi koleksi langka kualitas tinggi yang di tawarkan dalam lelangan international.

Selamat menikmati dan mendalami koleksi filatelis yang memenuhi standar international kualitas dan kelangkaan koleksi yang pantas untuk di tampilkan agar memperoleh penilaian yang maksimal 10 sampai 12 sehingga medasli emas dapat diraih.

Koleksi yang ditampilkan ini adalah koleksi pilihan untuk dapat dijadikan contoh bagi para filatelis Indonesia dan international ubntuk dijadikan koleksi atau investasi karena koleksi tipe inilah yang masih diminati para filatelis,sedangkan koleksi yang dibawah standar ini sudah tidak diminati lagi.

Jakarta ,september 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

CONTOH KOLEKSI FILATELI DENGAN MUTU KULAITAS DAN KELANGKAAN UNTUK MERAIH MEDALI EMAS

ATAU DIKENAL SEBAGAI

PHILLATELIC GEMS

1.these rare overprints, which were issued in very limited quantities due to the shortage of available stocks for overprinting, making these among the rarest stamps of the entire Elizabethan era; 1969 Bridger and Kay certificate for the set that is signed by Robson Lowe (Scott #1-16) SOLD FOR $15,235.00

 2.AUSTRALIA

(1)S.G. #138, 1934 £2 Black and rose, handsome top sheet-margin single, brilliantly rich colors, o.g., stamp never hinged (lightly hinged in the top selvage only), very fine; lightly pencil signed by A. Diena (Scott #129; $7,000.00

(2)

extremely fine;certainly among the finest quality 1909 Twenty Shilling Australia Postage Due stamps in existence.

sold for $10,000.00

3.Bahama

strong color for this, fresh and fine; one of the key rarities
SOLD for $10,500.00

 

4.Barbados 

(1)Indies rarity, possessing stunning color that is incredibly deep and prooflike, razor-sharp impression on bright white paper

sold for $15,000.00

(2). 

the rarest stamp in the entire Sovereign collection. There are only three copies known, all of which are used. 

SOLD for $29,000.00

5.Basutoland

 

gorgeous vibrant colors throughout, well centered, o.g., with each being very lightly hinged only once, extremely fine

$37,500.00

 

the end @ copyright Dr iwan Suwandy 2011

PS. THE COMPLETE cd-rom EXIST ONLY TEN CD,PLEASE BUY FAST VIA COMMENT,BEFORE SUBSCRIBED AS THE PRE MIU MEMBER.

The Chinese ceramic Exhibiiton at Beijing

Cina dan Swedia: kenangan berharga

Pembukaan pameran hari Senin 26 September 2005
 

Pagi-pagi persiapan terakhir untuk pembukaan berjalan baik. Area pintu masuk dan penerimaan (kanan atas) yang memimpin para Tamu Kehormatan hingga ruang pameran yang sebenarnya sedang disiapkan di sisi timur pintu gerbang Meridian (Wumen) dari Kota Terlarang. Aula memaksakan langsung di atas Wumen adalah tempat pameran diadakan. Ini harus menjadi ruang pameran yang paling mengesankan yang pernah, untuk sebuah pameran porselen Cina.

Gambar 1:

Sebuah pemandangan spektakuler dari Meridian Gate (Wumen) dari Kota Terlarang, puncak-puncak atap puncak diselimuti kabut pagi sedikit. Kami berada di sana bersama-sama dengan dan seantusias ratusan wisatawan sudah berkumpul di tempat itu. Paviliun di atas drum ditempatkan gerbang yang dipukuli mengumumkan keberangkatan kaisar untuk Kuil Surga dan lonceng berdering untuk mengumumkan keberangkatannya ke Kuil Leluhur. Lonceng dan genderang di sini juga terdengar ketika kaisar akan menerima menteri di Taihedian itu (Aula Agung Harmony). Saat itu di tengah paviliun yang megah tepat di atas Gerbang Meridian bahwa Pameran itu digelar, pintu masuk bagi kita ditandai dengan bendera Swedia dan Cina yang mengapit tangga batu hingga lorong, paling kanan dari gambar. Lima jembatan di bagian tengah dari gambar berjalan di sebuah sungai berkelok-kelok. Air yang disuplai dapat digunakan untuk memadamkan kebakaran wabah di Kota Terlarang. Untuk mengabaikan ini mitos memegangnya bahwa sejumlah (lima) naga akan melihat keluar untuk ini tapi karena semua dalam semua, Kota Terlarang terbakar sekitar 55 kali itu juga diadakan bahwa naga itu tidak sepenuhnya melakukan pekerjaan mereka. Di latar depan gambar batu ukiran yang rumit naga pada jalur miring, ditumpangi oleh panggangan logam hari ini. Ini ukiran naga yang terletak langsung pada “tulang belakang Dragon” yang berjalan melalui Kota Terlarang seluruh dan seterusnya, adalah Feng Shui fitur dalam keyakinan bahwa roh-roh jahat tidak dapat melakukan perjalanan menaiki lereng jika tangga yang hilang, sehingga menjaga Kaisar aman dari kejahatan roh, dalam ukiran naga juga merupakan fitur pelindung untuk Kaisar. Yang cukup menarik, Saya telah browsing di Pasar Antik di Beijing beberapa hari kemudian dan menemukan untuk dijual, apa yang tampaknya menjadi pilar batu yang asli dating kembali ke Dinasti Ming mirip dengan yang Anda dapat melihat ke kiri dan kanan di latar depan gambar ini, dengan kesamaan yang mencolok dengan orang-orang yang benar-benar mengelilingi Altar Surga. Berat padat itu akan patung penyisihan tas tangan, jadi saya memutuskan untuk menyampaikan harta karun itu. Mudah-mudahan akhirnya akan menemukan jalan kembali ke altar.
 

Gambar 2:

Upacara Pembukaan dimulai. Mulia Putri Mahkota Swedia Victoria di tengah telah di sebelah kirinya Menteri Swedia untuk Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Mr Thomas Östros dan Duta Besar Swedia di Cina Mr Börje Ljunggren. Ke kanan nya Menteri, Deputi Cina Kebudayaan, Direktur Palace Museum, Mr Zheng Xinmiao dan Wakil Direktur Museum Istana, Mr Li Ji.
 

Gambar 3:

Sponsor utama dari seluruh acara – Volvo – diwakili oleh Wakil Presiden Senior AB Volvo Mr Karl Erling Trogen yang juga mengambil kesempatan untuk hadir ke Museum Istana sumbangan dari 18 potongan selcted dari porselen dari pameran.
 

Gambar 4:

Kerumunan selama pidato-pidato resmi pada Upacara Pembukaan. Panas musim gugur dan pengaturan berdiri canggung untuk para tamu pada acara itu mereda oleh angin dingin dan mengundang Beijing yang melanda sekitar kita. Tiba-tiba aku merasa nyata mendengarkan kata-kata yang dipertukarkan antara kedua negara dan menyadari bahwa tempat ini, di mana saya berdiri untuk acara ini, telah ada selama ratusan tahun sebelumnya. saat ini. Perasaan yang hadir di ‘sini dan sekarang’ di tempat bersejarah membuat saya merasa seolah-olah aku tidak tahu waktu lagi. Aku setengah berharap Kaisar Qianlong untuk pop turun dari lorong di atas untuk bergabung dengan kerumunan atau lebih kemungkinan beberapa kasim marah datang sekitar untuk memberitahu kita untuk segera jelas tangga sampai ke ruang Wumen upacara karena kita tidak punya urusan di sini. Suasana sangat menyengat dan peristiwa bersejarah kami hanyalah satu bagian dalam sejarah panjang tempat ini. Masih aneh yang tepat dan satu untuk bersukacita. Ke kanan bawah, pameran Swedia komisaris, penulis dan sarjana Jarl Vansvik, berjalan menaiki tangga, menuju ruang pameran.
 

Gambar 5:

Pada panggung Menteri Swedia untuk Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Mr Thomas Östros memberikan pidato introductury untuk acara tersebut, segera diikuti oleh Wakil Menteri Kebudayaan Cina, Direktur Palace Museum, Mr Zheng Xinmiao. Selain Mr Östros, seorang penerjemah Cina. Gadis-gadis cantik di qipaos fuschia berwarna itu pengawal ke acara tersebut.
 

Gambar 6:

Rapat Profesor Geng Baoshang, terkenal karena tulisan-tulisan yang mendalam dan beasiswa di porselen Imperial Chineses, adalah salah satu titik yang tinggi dari upacara pembukaan kepada saya, namun di luar program.
 

Gambar 7:

Tangga batu yang menuju ke Aula Pameran itu sendiri, warna-warna bendera Swedia mengapit tangga. Para architecuture tempat itu adalah sesuatu yang sangat menakjubkan.
 

Gambar 8:

Pintu masuk ke Aula Pameran dengan bendera dari dua negara dan peta rute perdagangan Timur Indiaman Gotheborg III, pelacakan pelayaran kapal untuk datang.
 

Gambar 9:

Sebuah pandangan dalam Hall Pameran. Membandingkan dalam dengan arsitektur luar kita menemukan bahwa apa yang tampaknya dua lantai sebenarnya adalah langit-langit yang tinggi dengan hanya berjalan di dalam balkon jendela fasad atas kedua tier. Ke kiri langsung di Ru yao hidangan dari The Museum Röhss itu ditampilkan dalam sebuah karya sendiri. Pada preview tekan seorang reporter mencoba untuk membuka menampilkan bahwa untuk mendapatkan gambar yang lebih baik dengan lemari kaca pergi, menyebabkan cukup keributan di antara staf keamanan.
 

Gambar 10:

Pecahan dari penggalian Wästfeldt dari koleksi Museum Maritim. Sebagian besar pecahan masih dalam tas mereka, diurutkan sesuai nomor untuk menemukan mereka, penentuan lokasi mereka di situs kecelakaan. Semua dalam semua beberapa 7 ton pecahan dibesarkan, dibersihkan, disortir dan terdaftar selama penggalian, pecahan-pecahan yang dipajang di sini hanya sebagian kecil dari total temukan.
 

Gambar 11:

Model abad ke-18 Indiamen Timur – atau, kapal dagang Barat ke Cina dan ‘Semua negara-negara Timur India’ sebagai dokumen lama juga dipajang memilikinya.
 

Gambar 12:

Sebuah tembakan dari diriku sendiri dan ke (kanan saya) Lars-Olof kiri Lööf, Kepala Departemen Koleksi dari Museum Kota Gothenburg di Swedia. Di belakang kami adalah Entourage Kerajaan dengan Mulia Putri Mahkota Victoria.
 

Gambar 13:

Dengan HRH Victoria meter hanya beberapa itu hanya masalah waktu sebelum tertangkap Entourage Kerajaan dengan kami dan saya merasa senang pertemuan HRH Victoria secara pribadi. Menjadi mana kami berada, aku tidak bisa membantu meminta kesan nya ini Imperial Palace – Kota Terlarang – sejauh ini, dan pikirannya tentang bagaimana dibandingkan dengan lingkungannya Stockholm. Saya harap saya tidak melampaui apapun kepercayaan kalau aku bilang dia merasa itu adalah tempat yang megah dan bahwa dia mungkin bisa mempertimbangkan tinggal di tempat seperti ini, tapi mungkin tidak kembali pada era Dinasti.
 

Gambar 14:

Sebuah tur yang menarik dari Pameran berakhir dan di sini, keluar Entourage Kerajaan dengan sebanyak, jika tidak lebih, perhatian seperti ketika mereka masuk. Setidaknya 25 fotografer dan wartawan bergegas setelah HRH Victoria tak terlihat dalam gambar ini. Itu adalah yang paling dekat dengan terburu-buru paparazi saya telah menyaksikan.
 

Gambar 15:

Pandangan langsung di luar pintu masuk ruang pameran akan pandangan Kaisar ketika melakukan pengumuman kepada kerumunan di luar Wumen tersebut. Itu adalah perasaan aneh berdiri di sini. Seolah-olah kaisar hanya sebelah Anda. Dari sini Anda cari di atap Beijing dalam cahaya yang sama seperti yang telah dilihat dan angin pada wajah Anda sama saja yang telah sini dari waktu paling awal. Itu hanya kerumunan di bawah yang baru, dan ya, bahwa Anda benar-benar memiliki hak untuk berada di sini dan hanya melihat.
 

Gambar 16:

Setelah badai … menenangkan. Orang banyak telah tersebar, setelah kenyang mereka dari harta di layar dan menyerap suasana seluruh acara. Salah satu tembakan terakhir saya untuk acara ini adalah dari tangga batu menuju ruang pameran itu sendiri dengan gambar Indiaman Timur III Gotheborg meluncurkan selama Upacara Pembukaan. Aku mengambil waktu sejenak untuk merefleksikan gambar dan Nya. Saya hanya bisa membayangkan apa yang kedatangan-Nya di tahun Kanton depan akan seperti, kenyataan akan menaungi gambar dalam sekejap! Di latar depan gambar adalah menunjukkan keramahan dipikirkan dengan baik dari sponsor yang tidak pernah gagal untuk mengesankan. Makanan dan minuman terus dilayani bahkan sebagai tamu meninggalkan, memastikan pada semua tahap melalui acara itu, para tamu makan dengan baik dan bahagia.

AKHIR

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

ORIGINAL INFO FROM GOTHEBERG.

China and Sweden: Treasured Memories

 

PICTURES

The exhibition Opening day Monday 26th of September 2005

Early in the morning the last preparations for the grand opening was well under way. The entrance and reception area (top right) that was to lead the Guests of Honor up to the actual exhibition hall was being prepared at the east side of the Meridian gate (Wumen) of the Forbidden City. The imposing hall directly on top of the Wumen was where the exhibition was held. This must be the most imposing exhibition hall ever, for a Chinese porcelain exhibition.Picture 1:A spectacular view of Meridian Gate (Wumen) of the Forbidden City, the crests of the roof tops enveloped in a slight morning mist. We were there together with and as enthusiastic as the hundreds of tourists already gathered in the place. The pavillion on top of the gate housed drums which were beaten to announce the emperor’s departure for the Temple of Heaven and bells to ring to announce his departure to the Ancestral Temple. The bells and drums here were also sounded when the emperor was going to receive his ministers in the Taihedian (Hall of Supreme Harmony). It was in the majestic centre pavillion right above the Meridian Gate that the Exhibition was held, its entrance for us indicated by the Swedish and Chinese flag that flanked a stone stairway up to the hall, far right of the picture. Five bridges in the mid-section of the picture run across a meandering river. The water supplied could be used to douse outbreaks of fires in the Forbidden City. To overlook this the myths held it that a number of (five) dragons would look out for this but since all in all, the Forbidden City had caught fire about 55 times it was also held that the dragons was not entirely doing their job. In the foreground of the picture is an intricate stone carving of dragons on a sloped pathway, boarded by metal grills today. This dragon carving that lies directly on the “Dragon’s spine” that runs through the entire Forbidden City and beyond, is a Feng Shui feature in belief that evil spirits cannot travel up the slope if the stairs are missing, thus keeping the Emperor safe from evil spirits, the dragons in the carving is also a protective feature for the Emperor. Interestingly enough, I was browsing at the Antiques Market in Beijing a few days later and found for sale, what seemed to be a genuine stone pillar dating back to the Ming Dynasty similar to those you can see to the left and right in the foreground of this picture, with striking similarity to those that actually surrounds the Altar of the Heaven. The solid weight of it would bust the hand luggage allowance, so I decided to pass on that treasure. Hopefully it will eventually find its way back to the altar.
Picture 2:The Opening Ceremony begins. HRH the Swedish Crown Princess Victoria in the middle has to her left the Swedish Minister for Industry and Trade Mr. Thomas Östros and the Swedish Ambassador in China Mr. Börje Ljunggren. To her right, Chinese Deputy Minister of Culture, Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Zheng Xinmiao and Deputy Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Li Ji.
Picture 3:The main sponsor of the whole event – Volvo – was represented by the Senior Vice President of AB Volvo Mr. Karl Erling Trogen who also took the opportunity to present to the Palace Museum a donation of 18 selcted pieces of porcelain from the exhibition.
Picture 4:The crowds during the official speeches at the Opening Ceremony. The autumn heat and awkward standing arrangements for the guests at the event was eased by the cool and inviting Beijing winds that swept around us. All at once I felt surreal listening to the words exchanged between the two countries and realizing that this place, where I stood for the event, had existed for hundreds of years before. this moment. The feeling of being present in the ‘here and now’ in such a historic place made me feel as if I couldn’t tell time any longer. I half expected the Emperor Qianlong to pop down from the hall above to join the crowd or more likely some angry eunuchs coming around to tell us to immediately clear the stairs up to the Wumen hall of ceremony because we had no business here. The atmosphere was overpowering and the historic event we were part was just one in the long history of this place. Still strangely appropriate and one to rejoice. To the bottom right, the Swedish exhibition commissar, writer and scholar Jarl Vansvik, making his way up the stairs, towards the exhibition hall.
Picture 5:At the stage the Swedish Minister for Industry and Trade Mr. Thomas Östros giving the introductury speach to the event, immediately to be followed by the Chinese Deputy Minister of Culture, Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Zheng Xinmiao. Beside Mr. Östros, a Chinese translator. The pretty girls in the fuschia colored qipaos were escorts to the event.
Picture 6:Meeting Professor Geng Baoshang, well known for his profound writings and scholarship on Chineses Imperial porcelain, was one of the high points of the opening ceremony to me, however outside the program.
Picture 7:The stone stairway leading up to the Exhibition Hall itself, the Swedish flag colours flanking the stairs. The architecuture of the place is something quite amazing.
Picture 8:The entrance to the Exhibition Hall with the flags of the two countries and a trading route map of the East Indiaman Gotheborg III, tracking the ship’s voyage to come.
Picture 9:An inside view of the Exhibition Hall. Comparing the inside with the outside architecture we find that what appears to be two floors is actually a high ceiling with only a balcony running inside the windows of the second upper facade tier. To the immediate left the Ru yao dish from The Röhss Museum was displayed in a showcase of its own. At the press preview a reporter had tried to open that showcase to get a better picture with the cabinet glass away, causing quite a stir among the security staff.
Picture 10:Shards from the Wästfeldt’s excavation from the collection of the Maritime Museum. Much of the shards were still in their bags, sorted according to their find numbers, pinpointing their exact location on the wreck site. All in all some 7 tons of shards was brought up, cleaned, sorted and registered during the excavation, the shards on display here being a mere fraction of the total find.
Picture 11:Models of 18th century East Indiamen – or, western ships trading to China and ‘All countries East of India’ as the old documents also on display had it.
Picture 12:A shot of myself and to the left (my right) Lars-Olof Lööf, Head of the Collections Departments of the Gothenburg City Museum in Sweden. Behind us is the Royal Entourage with HRH the Crown Princess Victoria.
Picture 13:With HRH Victoria only metres away it was only a matter of time before the Royal Entourage caught up with us and I had the pleasure of meeting HRH Victoria in person. Being where we were, I could not help asking for her impression of this Imperial Palace – the Forbidden City – so far, and her thoughts on how it compared to her Stockholm surroundings. I hope I am not overstepping any confidences if I tell she felt it was a magnificent place and that she possibly could consider living in such a place like this, but perhaps not back in the Dynastic era.
Picture 14:An interesting tour of the Exhibition comes to an end and here, the Royal Entourage exits with as much, if not more, attention as when they entered. At least 25 photographers and reporters rush after HRH Victoria unseen in this picture. It was the closest to a paparazzi rush I have witnessed.
Picture 15:This view directly outside the entrance of the exhibition hall would be the view of the Emperor when doing his announcements to the crowd outside the Wumen. It was a strange feeling standing here. It was almost as if the emperor was just next to you. From here you were looking at the roof tops of Beijing in same light as he had seen and the wind on your face was just the same that has been here from the earliest time. It was just the crowd below that was new, and yes, that you actually had the right to be here and just look.
Picture 16:After the storm… the calm. The crowds have dispersed, having had their fill of the treasures on display and soaking up the atmosphere of the entire event. One of my final shots for the event was of the stone stairway leading up to the exhibition hall itself with a picture of the East Indiaman Gotheborg III unveiled during the Opening Ceremony. I took a moment to reflect on the picture and on Her. I can only imagine what Her arrival in Canton next year would be like, the reality will overshadow the picture in an instant! In the foreground of the picture is a show of the well thought out hospitality of the sponsors that never failed to impress. Food and drinks continued to be served even as the guests were leaving, ensuring at all stages through the event, the guests were well fed and happy.THE END

The Rawagede Krawang Massacre 1947 related colletions

Duta Besar Belanda untuk Indonesia menghadiri upacara peringatan hari Selasa bagi mereka yang meninggal dalam pembantaian 1947 di Rawagede pada Jawa Barat, di mana hampir setiap orang di desa itu tewas.

Ini adalah pertama kalinya seorang wakil pemerintah Belanda telah menghadiri acara tahunan, dan datang pada saat tekanan mounting untuk permintaan maaf resmi untuk membunuh.

Pembantaian itu berlangsung selama lima tahun perang gerilya yang mendahului kemerdekaan Indonesia ketika tentara Belanda dilaksanakan beberapa 431 pria dan anak lelaki dari desa.

Dalam sambutannya, yang dalam bahasa Indonesia, Nikolaos van Dam disebut sebelumnya “permintaan maaf yang tulus dari pemerintah Belanda.” Sampai sekarang, garis Belanda resmi telah mengatakan “maaf” untuk pembantaian itu.

Tapi dalam versi Belanda pidato, kata-kata permintaan maaf atau alasan tidak muncul. Sebaliknya, kata “menyesal” digunakan.

Setelah pidatonya, duta besar mengatakan kata-kata bisa diambil sebagai permintaan maaf. “Bagi saya, [maaf dan mengatakan maaf] adalah sama,” katanya.

Batara Hutagalung, yang berada di belakang upaya untuk mendapatkan pemerintah Belanda untuk meminta maaf dengan benar, kata duta besar dikirim keluar pesan campuran. “Apakah dia berbicara tentang permintaan maaf atau tentang penyesalan?” Kata Hutagalung. “Dia mengatakan mereka adalah hal yang sama, tetapi mereka tidak.”

Pada tahun 2005 ketika kemudian menteri luar negeri Ben Bot berbicara tentang pembantaian itu, dia juga menggunakan kata “menyesal”.

Pemerintah Belanda pada tahun 1969 mengakui bahwa eksekusi massal yang terjadi di Rawagede selama perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia, setelah wahyu oleh seorang mantan tentara Belanda pada skala kekejaman yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda di bekas koloninya.

Kerabat dan selamat dari pembantaian di desa Rawagede Indonesia dari tahun 1947 menuntut permintaan maaf dan kompensasi dari pemerintah Belanda. Indonesia adalah koloni Belanda di tahun 1800 dan akhirnya diberikan kedaulatan pada tahun 1949 setelah perjuangan bersenjata.

“Saya tidak pernah berpikir mereka akan membunuh kami karena kami hanya orang biasa,” kata Saih. “Saya hanya menyadari [apa yang mereka akan lakukan] ketika mereka mulai mundur … Een, twee, Drie.” Tiga tentara mulai menembak laki-laki di belakang.

Menurut ke desa, para tentara menembak mati semua orang – 431 orang. Itu adalah ringkasan keadilan, dijatuhkan keluar sebagai orang-orang itu melarikan diri atau bersembunyi di sungai. Pada tahun 1969, sebuah investigasi oleh pemerintah Belanda ke kejahatan perang di Indonesia mengatakan 150 tewas di Rawagede.

Saih, sekarang di tahun 80-an, adalah salah satu dari 10 korban dan kerabat yang, 61 tahun kemudian, yang meminta permintaan maaf dan kompensasi atas pembantaian di desa Rawagede Indonesia dari yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda pada 9 Desember 1947.

Minggu pengacara terakhir Gerrit Jan Pulles dan Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, sebuah yayasan yang mewakili korban sipil dari pemerintahan kolonial Belanda di Indonesia, menyatakan pemerintah Belanda harus menerima tanggung jawab atas pembantaian di Rawagede.

Kemerdekaan

Sama seperti banyak orang lain, Saih, yang menjual sayuran, bersembunyi di sungai ketika Belanda tiba. Tubuhnya bawah air, kepalanya dalam lubang ia menggali di dasar sungai. Tapi empat tentara ‘anjing-anjing pelacak menemukannya. Temannya berteriak “merdeka” (kemerdekaan) dan ditembak. Saih menyerahkan diri dan pergi dengan tentara.

Saat itu hujan keras pada hari itu di bulan Desember 1947. Desa Rawagede dilanda banjir. Para tentara Belanda mencari Lukas Kustario, seorang pejuang kemerdekaan Indonesia, tetapi ia telah meninggalkan sehari sebelumnya.

Orang-orang yang benar-benar melakukan penembakan tidak melihat Belanda, kata Saih. Mereka memiliki kulit gelap. Dua orang Belanda putih diawasi. Saih dipukul di belakang, tapi peluru itu pertama melewati anak kepala desa sehingga telah kehilangan sebagian dari kecepatannya.

Pura-pura mati

Ketika tubuh anak itu jatuh pada dirinya, Saih pura-pura mati juga. Selama salvo akhir, Saih dipukul di lengan. Tapi dia masih hidup dan ketika para tentara pergi, dia melarikan diri.

Batara Hutagalung, ketua Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, menjadi tertarik pada kejahatan perang yang dilakukan di Indonesia pada akhir 1990-an ketika ia membaca Memoires diterbitkan ayahnya, katanya.

Dia membaca tentang pengeboman Surabaya pada tahun 1945 oleh Inggris yang membantu Belanda kembali koloni mereka. Sebuah 20.000 orang diperkirakan meninggal. “Ini adalah pertama kalinya aku berhadapan dengan apa yang terjadi saat itu,” kata Hutagalung, yang tinggal di Jerman sampai 1992. “Di Jerman Nazi diadili dan melacak sejauh Amerika Selatan saya bertanya-tanya mengapa itu tidak terjadi di sini..”

Yayasan ini telah berhasil meminta permintaan maaf dan kompensasi dari pemerintah Inggris untuk pemboman Surabaya.

Pemerintah Belanda keras kepala

Hutagalung kemudian mulai bekerja pada kasus Rawagede. Namun sampai saat ini pemerintah Belanda telah “keras kepala”, katanya. Fakta bahwa mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ben Bot menyatakan “penyesalan” nya untuk kekerasan di 2005 adalah tidak cukup, katanya. “Penyesalan bukan permintaan maaf saya tidak mengerti mengapa begitu sulit untuk minta maaf..”

Hari ini disebut Rawagede Balongsari. Ia memiliki sebuah peringatan besar untuk para korban pembantaian. Sungai tempat bersembunyi Saih kini aliran tipis penuh sampah. Balongsari adalah desa berkat berwarna-warni untuk rumah cantik berwarna dibangun oleh warga desa dengan uang yang diterima oleh banyak perempuan yang bekerja sementara di Timur Tengah. Namun menurut utamanya, desa masih miskin. Sebagian besar dari 3.000 penduduk yang bekerja pada tanah atau membuat kerupuk udang.

Tumpukan mayat

Di salah satu rumah, kehidupan Tijeng 86 tahun. Kasur di mana-mana, 15 orang dari lima generasi tinggal di sini. Tijeng sedang menyusui putrinya saat Nimong suaminya mencoba melarikan diri dari Belanda.

Dia tidak pergi jauh, ia ditangkap dan ditembak mati. Tiga hari kemudian Tijeng mencari tumpukan mayat, mencari tubuhnya.

Ketika Tijeng melihat bayi, dia ingat bagaimana ia merasa tak berdaya itu. “Saya tidak tahu apa yang harus dilakukan saya punya bayi.. Saya tidak bisa bekerja.”

Saih dan Tijeng tidak tahu rincian dari klaim mereka. Mereka telah diberikan hanya sidik jari dan foto mereka telah diambil. Mereka tidak lagi marah dengan Belanda. Tapi kompensasi yang akan diterima.

Tijeng tidak punya uang untuk pengobatan pada pembengkakan di telinganya yang mulai mempengaruhi penglihatannya juga.

Dan Saih mengatakan: “Tidak harus jauh Hanya jumlah kecil untuk kehidupan yang layak sampai aku mati, dan memberikan anak-anak saya dan cucu kehidupan yang lebih baik..”

Pembantaian tragedi Rawagede, 9 Desember 1947

Para Agresi Militer Belanda Lupa Korban

Dengan Batara R. Hutagalung
Ketua Komite Utang Kehormatan Belanda

Pada tanggal 9 Desember 2007 di monumen Rawagede, peringatan 60 tahun pembantaian di desa Rawagede akan diselenggarakan.
Pada Desember 1947, dalam agresi militer oleh Belanda dimulai sejak 21 Juli 1947, anggota militer Belanda membantai 431 penduduk desa Rawagede dekat Karawang, Jawa Barat. Pada Oktober 1948, militer Belanda lagi dilakukan ‘sweeping’ di Rawagede, dan kali ini 35 orang lagi tewas. Pembantaian penduduk desa di Rawagede adalah pembantaian terbesar kedua setelah pembantaian oleh anggota militer Belanda di Sulawesi Selatan antara Desember 1946 sampai Februari 1947. Sampai Agustus 1949, ribuan orang masih dibunuh tanpa pertanyaan hukum. Selama agresi di Indonesia antara 1945-1950, militer Belanda telah melakukan berbagai kekejaman dan kejahatan terhadap kemanusiaan dan pelanggaran HAM berat, termasuk perkosaan terhadap perempuan Indonesia yang telah ditangkap oleh personil militer Belanda.
Ironisnya, semua kejahatan dan pelanggaran HAM dilakukan oleh militer Belanda setelah akhir Perang Dunia II pada 1945, setelah Belanda telah dibebaskan dari agresi militer Jerman dan seratus ribu orang Belanda dibebaskan dari kamp-kamp interniran Jepang di mana mereka ditahan 1942-1945.
Belanda, yang adalah anggota dari bangsa yang mengorbankan oleh Jerman dan agresi militer Jepang, yang juga melakukan penyelidikan di Jerman dan Jepang sebagai pelaku kejahatan perang dan pelanggaran HAM. Tapi kemudian, militer Belanda melakukan hal yang sama, dan bertanggung jawab untuk berbagai kejahatan perang dan kejahatan terhadap kemanusiaan dalam upaya untuk mengembalikan kolonialisme di Indonesia.

Latar belakang
Jepang memulai agresi militer di Asia Timur dengan menyerang pusat militer Amerika Serikat di Pearl Harbour, pada Desember 1941. Kemudian Jepang menyerang Asia Tenggara, termasuk koloni Belanda yang Nederlands Indie. Perancis, Inggris dan koloni Belanda di wilayah itu satu per satu dirampas oleh Jepang.
Pada tanggal 1 Maret 1942, tentara Jepang XVI di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Hitoshi Imamura menyerang pulau Jawa, setelah Jepang Angkatan Laut hancur ‘tentara ABDACOM (Amerika, Inggris, Belanda, Komando Australia) dalam pertempuran yang dikenal hari ini sebagai’ Sekutu Pertempuran Jawa laut ‘.
Setelah pertarungan yang pekan lalu, anggota militer Belanda di Hindia Belanda hampir tanpa perjuangan, menyerah kepada tentara Jepang. Pada tanggal 9 Maret 1942 di Kalijati, dekat Subang, Jawa Barat, Letnan Jenderal Ter Poorten Hein, perintah atas militer Belanda di Hindia Belanda, mewakili Gubernur Jenderal Hindia Belanda, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer-, menandatangani dokumen menyerah tanpa syarat dan menyerahkan semua koloni Belanda ke Jepang. Oleh karena itu, 9 Maret 1942 menandai akhir lebih dari 300 tahun kolonialisme Belanda di Indonesia.
Pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1945, Jepang menyatakan menyerah kepada Sekutu namun dokumen penyerahan tanpa syarat ditandatangani pada tanggal 2 September 1945, kapal perang AS dewan ‘USS Missouri di Tokyo Bay, yang membawa kekosongan kekuasaan selama dua tanggal di semua koloni Jepang termasuk mantan koloni Belanda yang telah diserahkan kepada Jepang.
Pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, selama vakum kekuasaan, para pemimpin Indonesia telah menyatakan Kemerdekaan Indonesia, dan pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1945, telah membentuk pemerintahan DAN SAAT INI KANTOR POS MASIH DIKUASAI PEMERINTAH MILITER DAI NIPPON,LIHAT KARTUS PSO YANG DIIRM DARI JATINEGSRA MASIH MENGUNAKAN KARTUPOS MILITER DAI NIPPON DAN PRANGKO DAI NIPPON DI JATINEGARA

DAN DI SUMAERA UTARA PEMATANG SIANTAR SAMPAI DESEMBER 1945 MASIH DIKUASAI DAI NIPPON

TERMASUK JUGA PERUSAHAN AIR MINUM JUGA DIKUASAI DAI NIPPON LIHAT SURAT TAGIHANNYA MASIH MENGUNAKAN METERAI DAI NIPPON

; yang dengan demikian, telah memenuhi tiga kondisi untuk mendirikan sebuah bangsa, yaitu: 1. Kehadiran daerah, 2. Kehadiran penduduk, dan 3. Kehadiran pemerintah.Baru pada bulan November 1945 pertama kali daerah sueakarta dikuasai republik indonesia,lihat dokumen RI diatas formulir Dai Nippon


Pada November 1946, Liga Bangsa-Bangsa Arab meliputi Mesir, mengeluarkan resolusi yang mengakui kemerdekaan Indonesia sebagai bangsa yang merdeka dan berdaulat. Ini adalah pengakuan de jure menurut hukum internasional.
Setelah ‘menyerahkan’ jajahannya secara resmi kepada Jepang, Belanda telah kehilangan hak dan legitimasi di Hindia Belanda. Karena itu, ketika bangsa Indonesia menyatakan kemerdekaan pada 17 Agustus 1945, ini seharusnya tidak dianggap sebagai sebuah kudeta melawan Belanda.
Belanda telah berhasil mendapatkan dukungan dari Inggris untuk mengembalikan kolonialisme di Indonesia, dan ini diberlakukan dalam Perjanjian Urusan Sipil (CAA) yang ditandatangani di Chequers, Inggris, pada 24 Agustus 1945. Dalam CAA, Inggris akan ‘bersih-bersih’ setiap kekuatan militer Republik Indonesia, yang akan ditransfer ke NICA (Belanda Indies Civil Administration).
Ini dicatat dalam perintah Laksamana Lord Louis Mountbatten, Panglima Tertinggi Komando Asia Tenggara, tanggal 2 September 1945, yang diberikan kepada Panglima Divisi 5, yang menyatakan:

“… Anda diperintahkan untuk melanjutkan dengan kecepatan semua untuk Pulau Jawa di Hindia Timur untuk menerima penyerahan Pasukan Kekaisaran Jepang di pulau itu, dan untuk membebaskan tahanan perang Sekutu dan interniran sipil.
Sesuai dengan ketentuan Konferensi Yalta Anda akan kembali menetapkan aturan sipil dan kembali koloni untuk Administrasi Belanda, ketika berada dalam posisi untuk mempertahankan layanan.
Ketika Anda tidak diragukan lagi sadar, penduduk asli setempat telah menyatakan sebuah Republik, tetapi kita terikat untuk mempertahankan status quo yang ada sebelum Invasi Jepang … “

 

Di bawah bantuan 3 divisi tentara Inggris di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Phillip Christison dan 2 divisi tentara Australia di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Leslie “Ming yang Menghakimi” Morsehead, secara bertahap Belanda memiliki kekuasaan di Indonesia.

pada awal tahun 1946 pemerintahan dan ibukota pindah ke Jogya karena situasi di Jakarta tidak aman,tetapi 17 pebruari harian merdeka jakarta sempat menerbitkan majallah edisi khusus enam bulan merdeka

Pada tanggal 13 Juli 1946, Australia menyerah ‘wilayah Indonesia Timur kepada Belanda, dan pada 15-25 Juli 1946, mantan Wakil Gubernur Jenderal Belanda, Dr Van Mook, terorganisir’ Konferensi Malino “, dekat Makassar, untuk mendirikan Timur Negara Indonesia.
Selama ‘masa bersih-bersih’ oleh militer Inggris dan Australia, Belanda mengirimkan lebih banyak tentara dari Belanda; agar ketika Inggris dan Australia mengeluarkan personil militer mereka dari Indonesia, kekuatan militer Belanda akan dapat menjadi pengganti langsung. Pada saat itu, anggota militer Belanda telah melebihi 100.000 orang dan terus meningkat menjadi 200.000 orang, dengan artilleries modern termasuk perang berat yang diberikan oleh militer Inggris dan Australia.

Persetujuan Linggajati dan Agresi Militer Belanda I
Inggris memfasilitasi negosiasi antara Republik Indonesia dan Belanda di Linggarjati. Pada tanggal 15 November 1946, perjanjian Linggajati dirancang, dan pada tanggal 25 Maret 1947, perjanjian tersebut secara resmi ditandatangani oleh Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dan Pemerintah Belanda di Jakarta.RI saat ini sempat menerbitkan prangko dan kartusposnya sendiri dalam memperingati satu tahun merdeka,walupun disita belanda,masih ada juga tersisda dan dikirim didaerak kantong republik di sumatra dari priaman ke kajutanam.

 
Belanda jelas-jelas menggunakan strategi menunda, untuk memperkuat pasukan di Indonesia oleh lebih banyak orang terus menerus dikirim dari Belanda.
Linggajati aggrement berlangsung kurang dari 4 bulan karena pelanggaran oleh Belanda, oleh agresi militer yang dilakukan yang dimulai pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947, di bawah kode “Produk Operatie”.

NRI sumatera barat sempat menerbitkan kartupos khusu peringatan dua tahun merdeka,tetapi tak dapt dimanfaatkan akibat agresi belanda ,baru tahun berikutnya 1948 dikirimkan dalam rangka memepringatin tiga tahun merdeka

Sebagai masker untuk Internasional komunitas, Belanda bernama agresi ini sebagai ‘aksi polisi’, dan menyatakan bertindak sebagai urusan internal, yang setara dengan pernyataan bahwa Indonesia masih jajahannya.
Republik Indonesia melaporkan agresi ke PBB, karena pelanggaran terhadap perjanjian internasional yang Linggajati kesepakatan. Dewan Keamanan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa mengeluarkan Resolusi Nomor 27, tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, yang menyerukan gencatan konflik.
Dewan Keamanan PBB telah de facto mengakui eksistensi Republik Indonesia; yang dibuktikan dengan resmi ditujukan ‘INDONESIA’ dalam resolusi, dan tidak ‘Hindia Belanda’. Sejak resolusi pertama, yaitu Resolusi Nomor 27 pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, diikuti oleh Resolusi No 30 dan No 31 tanggal 25 Agustus 1947, Resolusi Nomor 36 pada tanggal 1 November 1947, dan Resolusi Nomor 67 pada tanggal 28, 1949, Dewan Keamanan PBB selalu menyebut konflik antara Republik Indonesia dan Belanda sebagai ‘The Pertanyaan Bahasa Indonesia’.
Di bawah tekanan dari Dewan Keamanan PBB, pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1947, pemerintah Belanda akhirnya menerima resolusi Dewan Keamanan PBB untuk menghentikan perkelahian.
Pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1947, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dan Pemerintah Belanda menyetujui Resolusi Dewan Keamanan PBB untuk gencatan senjata, dan pada tanggal 25 Agustus 1947, Dewan Keamanan PBB membentuk sebuah komite untuk menengahi konflik antara Indonesia dan Belanda . Komite ini bertindak sebagai Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia, secara luas dikenal sebagai ‘Komite Tiga Negara’, karena tiga negara yang anggotanya: Australia yang diangkat oleh Indonesia, Belgia yang ditunjuk oleh Belanda dan Amerika Serikat sebagai netral partai.
Difasilitasi oleh Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia, pada tanggal 8 Desember 1947, negosiasi dimulai antara Belanda dan Indonesia di USS Renville sebagai tempat netral.

Pembantaian Rawagede

 

Meskipun lipatan-api perjanjian telah ditandatangani dan selama negosiasi di USS Renville, di Jawa Barat, tentara Belanda dari Divisi 1 yang juga dikenal sebagai Divisi 7 Desember, terus memburu tentara Indonesia dan patriot yang berjuang melawan Belanda. Tentara Belanda yang ambil bagian dalam Operasi di daerah Karawang adalah Detasemen 3-9 RI, ayat 1e dan 12 Genie compagnie veld compagnie, yang mendukung Brigade dari paramiliter dan DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
Pada tanggal 9 Desember 1947, sehari setelah dimulainya negosiasi Renville, tentara Belanda di bawah pimpinan seorang desa, Mayor Rawagede menyerang dan menyerbu rumah-rumah. Tapi mereka tidak menemukan anggota tentara Indonesia. Hal ini memicu mereka untuk memaksa orang untuk keluar dari rumah mereka untuk berkumpul di lapangan. Laki-laki di atas 15 tahun diperintahkan untuk berdiri berdampingan, dan kemudian mempertanyakan kehadiran pejuang Republik. Tapi tak satu pun dari orang-orang bersedia mengungkapkan lokasi pejuang Indonesia.
Petugas Belanda kemudian memerintahkan untuk menembak mati semua penduduk laki-laki, termasuk remaja semuda 12 tahun. Hanya sedikit orang yang mampu melarikan diri ke hutan, meskipun mereka menderita luka tembak. Saih, salah satu korban selamat, sekarang berusia 83, bercerita bagaimana ia dan ayahnya dan tetangga sekitar 20 orang diperintahkan untuk berdiri dalam satu baris. Tentara Belanda kemudian mengosongkan senjata mesin mereka ke mereka, dan ayahnya yang berdiri di samping mereka tewas seketika oleh peluru. Dia juga kena tembak di tangan, tetapi ia jatuh di tanah dan pura-pura menjadi mati. Dia melarikan diri ketika ia menemukan kesempatan.


Pada hari itu, tentara Belanda membantai 431 penduduk Rawagede, tanpa penyelidikan hukum, gugatan atau pertahanan. Sama seperti di Sulawesi Selatan, tentara Belanda di Rawagede telah melakukan apa yang mereka disebut di tempat eksekusi (standrechtelijke excecuties), sebuah tindakan yang jelas dikategorikan sebagai kejahatan perang yang adalah pembunuhan non-pejuang. Diperkirakan bahwa para korban yang sebenarnya lebih dari 431, karena banyak telah tersapu oleh banjir deras akibat hujan deras.
Para hujan menyebabkan genangan darah terus membasahi desa. Apa yang tersisa adalah perempuan dan anak-anak. Keesokan harinya, setelah tentara Belanda meninggalkan desa, para wanita menguburkan mayat dengan di-peralatan yang memadai. Seorang ibu menguburkan suami dan dua putra berusia 12 dan 15 tahun. Mereka tidak bisa menggali dalam-dalam, hanya 50 cm, yang menyebabkan stenches tinggal selama berhari-hari.
Pembantaian ini juga dikenal dengan Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia dari PBB. Tapi komisi ‘reaksi terbatas pada’ kritikus ‘terhadap aksi militer yang mereka sebut “sengaja dan kejam”, tanpa sanksi yang ketat lebih lanjut karena pelanggaran hak asasi manusia; apalagi mengobati pembantaian ini terhadap orang tak bersalah sebagai kejahatan perang.
Sekarang, ada 9 janda korban dan 1 selamat dari pembantaian Rawagede pada 9 Desember 1947. Para, termuda Imi, kini berusia 75. Pada saat itu, ia berusia 15 tahun dan hanya menikah selama 3 hari ketika suaminya ditembak mati di depan matanya. Sejak itu, dia tidak menikah. Semua dari mereka adalah hanya orang desa buta huruf.

De Excessennota
Pada Januari 1969, di bawah tekanan parlemen Belanda, pemerintah Belanda membentuk tim untuk meninjau arsip yang diserahkan kepada pemerintah Belanda, dalam rangka untuk menyelidiki misconducts oleh anggota militer Belanda (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht dan KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), di Indonesia selama 1945-1950. Setelah melakukan analisis dalam 5 bulan, hasilnya disusun dalam sebuah laporan dengan judul “Nota betreffende het naar gegevens omtrent archievenonderzoek excessen di pintu Indonesië begaan Nederlandse militairen dalam periode 1945-1950 de”, disingkat De Excessennota. Laporan resmi ini disampaikan oleh Perdana Menteri deJong pada tanggal 2 Juni 1969. Ini laporan yang disiapkan terburu-buru hanya mencantumkan 140 “ekses” yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda, meskipun banyak insiden lain, karena ada kasus pembunuhan besar yang dilakukan oleh personil militer Belanda tidak termasuk dalam Excessennota tersebut.
Di Belanda, banyak pihak telah jelas mencela bahwa apa yang telah dilakukan oleh militer Belanda selama periode ini adalah kejahatan perang (oorlogs-misdaden) dan bukan kelebihan belaka.
Pembantaian di Rawagede, Sulawesi Selatan dan banyak kejahatan berat lain terhadap kemanusiaan, hanya bukti kecil dari kejahatan perang militer Belanda ‘, dalam upayanya untuk kembali colonialize Indonesia, setelah bangsa Indonesia menyatakan kemerdekaan.
Pada tanggal 16 Agustus 2005, di Jakarta, Menteri Luar Negeri Belanda Ben Bot menyatakan bahwa:

“… Dalam retrospeksi, jelas bahwa penyebaran skala besar atas kekuatan militer pada tahun 1947 menempatkan Belanda pada sisi sejarah yang salah. Fakta bahwa aksi militer diambil dan bahwa banyak orang di kedua belah pihak kehilangan nyawa atau terluka adalah kenyataan pahit dan pahit khusus untuk Anda, orang-orang dari Republik Indonesia. Sejumlah besar orang Anda diperkirakan telah meninggal sebagai akibat dari tindakan yang diambil oleh Belanda … “

Tetapi pernyataan ini telah menjabat sebagai lip service belaka, karena pemerintah Belanda terus tetap bertanggung jawab pada berbagai pembantaian non-kombatan orang Indonesia, dan 60 tahun setelah tragedi ini, tetap bersedia untuk mengkompensasi para korban selamat, janda dan anggota keluarga korban kekejaman tentara Belanda ‘dilakukan selama agresi militernya di Indonesia antara 1945-1950.

Pada 9 Desember 1947 tentara Belanda membantai 431 pria di desa Rawagede Jawa. Ini bukan kali pertama ini hantu dari masa lalu muncul di media nasional. Baru-baru ini misalnya wartawan ini menulis tentang hal itu. Pada bulan Desember 2007 koran “Trouw” didedikasikan sebuah artikel panjang ke halaman hitam sejarah Belanda. Dan sekarang, minggu lalu, ini kejahatan perang dari lebih dari enam puluh tahun yang lalu muncul kembali di TV, internet dan di koran sekali lagi.

Jumat, 12 September ada cerita ini oleh putra seorang perwira yang bertugas non selama perang kemerdekaan Indonesia di tentara DutchÂ. Bukan kebetulan belaka, karena awal minggu ini, Rabu, 11 September,  surat kabar lain, “De Volkskrant”, menerbitkan sebuah berita singkat, “adalah Klaim Bahasa Indonesia yang wajar”,  tentang korban dari peristiwa tertentu, yang hampir enam puluh tahun kemudian, mencari keadilan-yang adalah kompensasi keuangan – di Belanda courts. Dan pada hari Senin tanggal 8

September

Grup Gugat Kejahatan Perang Belanda di Rawagede

Pembantaian Belanda di Rawagede yang akan diadili di Den Haag pada 20 Juni 2011

Pembantaian di Rawagede 1947

VIVAnews – Ini adalah apa yang terjadi pada tanggal 9 Desember 1947: tentara Belanda memasuki desa Rawagede menginjak-injak. Para prajurit datang untuk mencari kelompok perusuh. Namun, apa yang terjadi adalah pembantaian. Sebanyak 430 pemukim meninggal, semua adalah laki-laki.

 

Saat itu hujan pada hari malang, arousining

 

atmosfer luar biasa. Merah cair, air yang dicampur dengan darah, dibanjiri desa. Perempuan dan anak-sisa pemukim-mengubur tubuh dengan apapun kekuatan dan alat yang mereka miliki. Bau busuk dari mayat dari kuburan dangkal di udara selama berhari-hari. Ini adalah kejahatan paling kejam dan berdarah Belanda yang pernah dilakukan antara tahun 1945 dan 1949.

Rawagede sekarang hilang, nama ini diubah menjadi Balongsari desa, di Rawamerta, Karawang. Hal ini terletak di antara Karawang dan Bekasi. Enam puluh empat tahun telah berlalu, namun kasus hukum Rawagede tidak selesai.

Keluarga para korban pembantaian mengajukan gugatan di Pengadilan Negeri Den Haag pada Rabu, Desember 9, 2009. Diwakili oleh Liesbeth Zegveld, keluarga meminta pemerintah Belanda untuk mengakui kekejaman yang mereka lakukan di Rawagede. Mereka juga meminta kompensasi.

Sidang kasus Rawagede belum lengkap. Pada Senin, Juni 20, 2011 09:30 waktu setempat, pengacara dijadwalkan untuk membaca janji atau pledooi administratie. “Kelompok keluarga korban yang menjadi saksi akan berangkat ke Belanda pada Rabu 15 Juni, 2011 dari Bandara Soekarno-Hatta,” kata siaran pers Komite Utang Kehormatan Belanda yang VIVAnews diterima pada Selasa malam, 14 Juni , 2011.

Ini panggilan di masyarakat Indonesia, terutama yang hidup di negara-negara Uni Eropa, untuk menyaksikan sidang ini Senin. Terutama karena percobaan akan diadakan sehari sebelum peringatan kematian pertama di Indonesia Presiden Soekarno pada tanggal 21 Juni 2011.

Duta Besar Belanda untuk Indonesia kemudian Nikolaos van Dam mengatakan, pemerintahnya telah menyampaikan penyesalan mendalam atas pembantaian Rawagede. Ini disampaikan ketika van Dam mengunjungi peringatan ke-61 Tragedi Rawagede di Monumen Rawagede, Desa Balongsari, Rawamerta, Kabupaten Karawang, Jawa Barat pada 9 Desember 2008

“Diperkirakan bahwa jumlah orang Indonesia yang meninggal karena kekerasan itu besar Belanda. Atas nama pemerintah Belanda, saya ingin menyampaikan penyesalan mendalam atas semua penderitaan, “kata van Dam, yang pensiun sebagai diplomat senior di 2010.

Sebuah pengadilan Belanda diharapkan untuk memerintah nanti jika yang selamat dari pembantaian yang dilakukan lebih dari 60 tahun yang lalu akan mendapatkan kompensasi. Menurut peneliti Indonesia, pasukan belanda menghapuskan hampir seluruh penduduk laki-laki sebuah desa di Jawa Barat, dua tahun setelah bekas koloni mendeklarasikan kemerdekaannya pada 1945. Kebanyakan orang Indonesia tidak tahu tentang pembantaian yang terjadi di Rawagede pada tahun 1947. Hanya baru-baru ini telah dibangun sebuah monumen untuk mengingatkan warga bahwa tentara Belanda membunuh semua orang desa. Para saksi hidup hanya sekarang di tahun 80-an mereka, dan buta huruf, setelah untuk berjuang sendiri setelah kematian suami mereka. “Ada mayat di mana-mana, banyak yang kami temukan di sungai setelah penembakan berhenti,” kata Cawi, sembuh. Pembantaian di Rawagede bukan satu-satunya desa di mana Belanda memiliki sejarah gelap yang belum terselesaikan. Langkah laporan Vassen Al Jazeera dari Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monumen Rawa Gede

Tempat: Kabupaten Karawang

 

Rawa Gede Monumen, salah satu tempat di Karachi yang memiliki nilai sejarah, adalah tempat di mana Anwar terinspirasi untuk menulis puisi yang terkenal Antara Karawang Bekasi. Dalam terjadinya peristiwa tragis tersebut sekarang telah dibangun Monumen Rawagede.


Anda akan mengikuti cerita tentang peristiwa tragis yang terjadi pada Rawagede 9 Desember 1947 yang dimulai sekitar pukul empat pagi. Pada saat itu, serangan militer ke Belanda melakukan rumah-rumah penduduk. Setiap orang yang ditemukan, terutama laki-laki, dikumpulkan di lapangan. Mereka ditanya tentang keberadaan para pejuang yang bersembunyi sebagai ayah dari Kapten Lukas Kustaryo Danki Resimen VI Jakarta. Semua warga negara tidak ada yang menjawab, sehingga terjadi pembantaian oleh militer Belanda.
Acara ini diwujudkan dalam bentuk dua lantai bangunan monumen yang dibangun mulai November 1995 dan diresmikan pada tanggal 12 Juli 1996.

 Amati ruangan di lantai bawah di mana ada diorama pembantaian warga oleh tentara Belanda, yang mungkin akan membuat Anda berdiri dingin sedikit. Dinding luar dihiasi bagian bawah relief yang menggambarkan perjuangan rakyat Karawang. Khusus pada panel belakang relief menggambarkan perjuangan rakyat di daerah Karawang Rawagede sementara mempertaruhkan nyawa demi kemerdekaan. Makam pahlawan Sampurna Raga di belakang nama. Selain gerbang timur ada dua korban peristiwa kuburan pahlawan dalam aksi militer Belanda Rawagede. Tol itu terdiri dari peristiwa 9 Desember 1947 – Oktober 1948 sebanyak 491 orang. Di antara para korban dikuburkan di makam taman pahlawan sebanyak 181 orang Sampurna Raga.

————————————————– ————

Petisi untuk mendesak Pemerintah Belanda,
untuk mengakui de jure Hari Kemerdekaan Indonesia adalah pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, dan
untuk meminta maaf atas pelanggaran, perbudakan penjajahan, hak asasi manusia dan kejahatan mengerikan terhadap kemanusiaan

 
 
 
 

RAWAGEDE KARAWANG MASSACRE 1947

 

The Dutch ambassador to Indonesia attended Tuesday’s memorial service for those who died in the 1947 massacre at Rawagede on West Java, in which almost every man in the village was killed.

It was the first time a representative of the Dutch government has attended the annual event, and comes at a time when pressure is mounting for an official apology for the killing.

The massacre took place during the five years of guerilla war which preceded Indonesian independence when Dutch soldiers executed some 431 men and boys from the village.

In his speech, which was in Indonesian, Nikolaos van Dam referred to earlier “sincere apologies from the Dutch government.” Until now, the official Dutch line has been to say “sorry” for the massacre.

But in the Dutch version of the speech, the words apology or excuses do not appear. Instead, the word “regret” is used.

After his speech, the ambassador said the words could be taken as an apology. “For me, [apologies and saying sorry] are the same,” he said.

Batara Hutagalung, who is behind efforts to get the Dutch government to apologise properly, said the ambassador sent out a mixed message. “Was he speaking about apologies or about regret?” Hutagalung said. “He says they are the same thing, but they are not.”

In 2005 when the then foreign minister Ben Bot spoke about the massacre, he too used the word “regret”.

The Dutch government acknowledged in 1969 that a mass execution had taken place at Rawagede during Indonesia’s struggle for independence, after revelations by a former Dutch soldier on the scale of the atrocities perpetrated by the Dutch army in its former colony.

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947 are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Tragedy of Rawagede Massacre, December 9, 1947

The Forgotten Dutch Military Aggression’s Victims

By Batara R. Hutagalung
Chairman of The Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts

On December 9, 2007 at the Rawagede monument, the 60th commemoration of the massacre in the Rawagede village will be held.
On December 1947, in military aggression by the Dutch started since July 21, 1947; Dutch military members have slaughtered 431 people of Rawagede village near Karawang, West Java . On October 1948, Dutch military again conducted ‘sweeping’ in Rawagede, and this time 35 more people were killed. The massacre of village people in Rawagede is the second largest massacre after the massacre by Dutch military members in South Sulawesi between December 1946 to February 1947. Until August 1949, thousands of people were still being murdered without legal inquiries. During its aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950, Dutch military have conducted various atrocities and crimes against humanity and severe human rights abuses, include rape against Indonesian women who have been captured by Dutch military personnel.
Ironically, all the crimes and human rights abuses were done by Dutch military after the end of the World War II on 1945, after the Dutch have been freed from German’ military aggression and hundred thousands of Dutch people were released from Japanese Internment camps where they were detained from 1942-1945.
Netherlands, which is member of nations which victimize by German and Japan’ military aggression, which also made inquiries on German and Japan as perpetrator of war crimes and human rights abuse. But later, Dutch military did the same thing, and responsible for various war crimes and crimes against humanity in its efforts to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia.

Background
Japan initiated its military aggression in East Asia by attacking the United States ’ military hub in Pearl Harbour, on December 1941. Then Japan attacked South East Asia , include Dutch’ colony which was Nederlands Indie. France , England and Dutch colonies in the region were one by one seized by Japan .
On March 1, 1942, Japanese army XVI under command of Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura attacked Java island, after Japan Navy destroyed Allies’ armies ABDACOM (American, British, Dutch, Australian Command) in a battle which known today as ‘the Battle of Java Sea’.
After the fight that last a week, Dutch military members in Dutch Indies almost without struggle, surrendered to Japanese army. On March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, West Java, Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten, the top command of Dutch military in Dutch-Indies, representing Governor General of Dutch Indies, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh-Stachouwer, signed a document of unconditional surrender and handed over all Dutch colonies to Japan. Therefore, March 9, 1942 marked the end of more than 300 years Dutch colonialism in Indonesia.
On August 15, 1945, Japan declared surrender to the Allies but the unconditional surrender document was signed on September 2, 1945, on board of US warship ‘USS Missouri’ in Tokyo Bay; which brought the vacuum of power during the two dates in all Japanese colonies include ex Dutch colonies which have been handed over to Japan.
On August 17, 1945, during the vacuum of power, Indonesian leaders have declared the Independence of Indonesia, and on August 18, 1945, have establish a government; which by thus, have fulfilled the three conditions to establish a nation, which are : 1. The presence of areas, 2. The presence of population, and 3. The presence of government.
On November 1946, the League of Arab Nations include Egypt, issued a resolution which acknowledged Indonesian independence as free and sovereign nation. It is a de jure acknowledgement according to International law.
After ‘surrendering’ its colonies formally to Japan, the Dutch have lost its rights and legitimation on Dutch-Indies. Therefore, when Indonesian people declared independence on August 17, 1945, this should not regarded as a coup against the Dutch.
The Dutch had been successful to obtain support from British to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia, and these were enacted in Civil Affairs Agreement (CAA) which was signed in Chequers, England, on August 24, 1945. In CAA, British would ‘clean-up’ any military powers of Republic of Indonesia, to be transferred to NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration).
These are recorded in command of Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander S.E.Asia Command, dated September 2, 1945, which given to Commander of Division 5, which stated:

“…You are instructed to proceed with all speed to the island of Java in the East Indies to accept the surrender of Japanese Imperial Forces on that island, and to release Allied prisoners of war and civilian internees.
In keeping with the provisions of the Yalta Conference you will re-establish civilians rule and return the colony to the Dutch Administration, when it is in a position to maintain services.
As you are no doubt aware, the local natives have declared a Republic, but we are bound to maintain the status quo which existed before the Japanese Invasion…”

Under assistance of 3 divisions of British army under command of Lieutenant General Phillip Christison and 2 divisions of Australian army under command of Lieutenant General Leslie “Ming the Merciless” Morsehead, gradually the Dutch acquired its power in Indonesia. On July 13, 1946, Australia ‘surrendered’ East Indonesia region to the Dutch, and on July 15-25, 1946, ex Dutch Vice Governor General, Dr. Van Mook, organized ‘Malino Conference’, near Makassar, to establish the East Indonesia State.
During the ‘clean-up period’ by British and Australian military, the Dutch sent more soldiers from Netherlands; in order when British and Australia pulled out their military personnel from Indonesia, the Dutch military power would be able to be immediate replacement. At that time, Dutch military members had exceeded 100,000 people and continuously increased to 200,000 people, with modern artilleries include heavy warfare which granted by British and Australian military.

Linggajati Agreement and Dutch Military Aggression I
British facilitated negotiation between Republic of Indonesia and Dutch in Linggajati. On November 15, 1946, Linggajati agreement was drafted; and on March 25, 1947, the agreement was formally signed by the government of Republic of Indonesia and Dutch government in Jakarta .
The Dutch was clearly using delay strategy, to strengthen its army in Indonesia by continuously shipped more people from Netherlands .
Linggajati aggrement lasted less than 4 months due to breach by the Dutch, by conducted military aggression which started on July 21, 1947, under code “Operatie Product”. As a mask to International community, the Dutch named this aggression as ‘police action’; and declared the acts as internal affairs, which equivalent to statement that Indonesia was still its colony.
Republic of Indonesia reported this aggression to the United Nations, due to its breach against international agreement which is Linggajati agreement. Security Council of the United Nations issued Resolution No. 27, dated August 1, 1947, which called for cease of conflict.
United Nations Security Council has been de facto acknowledged the existence of Republic of Indonesia ; which is proven by formally addressed ‘INDONESIA’ in its resolution, and not ‘Netherlands Indies’. Since the first resolution, which is Resolution No. 27 on August 1, 1947, followed by Resolution No. 30 and No. 31 dated August 25, 1947, Resolution No. 36 on November 1, 1947, and Resolution No. 67 on January 28, 1949, Security Council of the United Nations always referred conflict between Republic of Indonesia and Netherlands as ‘The Indonesian Question’.
Under pressure of United Nations Security Council, on August 15, 1947, the Dutch government finally accepted resolution of United Nations Security Council to stop the fight.
On August 17, 1947, government of Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch government agreed on resolution of United Nations Security Council to cease-fire, and on August 25, 1947, United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch. This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia , on December 8, 1947, a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

Rawagede Massacre

 

 

Eventhough crease-fire agreement has been signed and during the negotiation in USS Renville, in West Java, the Dutch army from Division 1 which also known as Division of December 7, continued to hunt Indonesian army and patriots who fought against the Dutch. Dutch army which took part in Operation in Karawang areas were Detachment 3-9 RI, 1e para compagnie and 12 Genie veld compagnie, which were support brigade from paramilitary and DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
On December 9, 1947, a day after the initiation of Renville negotiation, Dutch army under command of a Major, attacked Rawagede village and raided houses. But they did not find members of Indonesia army. This triggered them to force people to get out from their homes to be gathered in a field. Males above 15 years were ordered to stand side by side, and then questioned on the presence of Republic fighters. But none of the people were willing to reveal the location of Indonesian fighters.
The Dutch Officer then commanded to shoot dead all male villagers, include teenagers as young as 12 years. Few people were able to escape to the forest, even though they suffered bullet wounds. Saih, one of the survivors, now aged 83, told a story how he and his father and neighbors about 20 people were ordered to stand in a line. The Dutch army then emptied their machine weapons onto them, and his father who stood next to them died instantly by the bullets. He also shot in his hand, but he fell on the ground and feigned to be death. He ran away when he found chance.
On that day, Dutch army massacred 431 people of Rawagede; without legal inquiry, lawsuit nor defense. Same as in South Sulawesi, the Dutch army in Rawagede have conducted what they referred as on-site execution (standrechtelijke excecuties); an act which clearly categorized as war crimes which is murder of non-combatants. It was estimated that the actual victims were more than 431, since many have been swept away by torrential flood due to heavy rain.
The downpours caused pool of bloods continue to drench the village. What left were women and children. The next day, after the Dutch army left the village, the women buried the bodies with in-adequate equipments. One mother buried her husband and two sons aged 12 and 15 years. They could not dug deep, only 50 centimeters, which caused the stenches stayed for days.
This massacre was also known by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia from the United Nations. But the commission’ reaction was limited to ‘critic’ against the military action which they called “deliberate and ruthless”, without further strict sanction due to human-rights abuse; let alone treating this massacre against innocent people as war crimes.
Now, there are 9 widows of the victims and 1 survivor of Rawagede massacre on December 9, 1947. The youngest, Imi, now aged 75. At that time, she was 15 years old and just married for 3 days when her husband was shot dead before her eyes. Since then, she is not married. All of them are only illiterate village people.

De Excessennota
On January 1969, under pressure of Dutch parliament, the Dutch government established a team to review archives which submitted to Dutch government, in order to investigate misconducts by Dutch military members (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht and KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), in Indonesia during 1945-1950. After conducting analysis in 5 months, the results were compiled in a report under title “Nota betreffende het archievenonderzoek naar gegevens omtrent excessen in Indonesië begaan door Nederlandse militairen in de periode 1945-1950”, shortened as De Excessennota. This formal report was presented by Prime Minister deJong on June 2, 1969. This report which prepared in a hurry only put 140 ‘excess’ which done by Dutch army, despite many other incidents; since there were large murder cases done by Dutch military personnel were not included in the Excessennota.
In Netherlands, many parties have clearly denounce that what have been done by Dutch military during this period are war crimes (oorlogs-misdaden) and not a mere excess.
The massacre in Rawagede, South Sulawesi and many other severe crimes against humanity, are only small evidences of Dutch military’ war crimes, in its efforts to re-colonialize Indonesia, after Indonesian people declared independence.
On August 16, 2005, in Jakarta , Dutch Foreign Minister Ben Bot stated that:

“…In retrospect, it is clear that its large-scale deployment of military forces in 1947 put the Netherlands on the wrong side of history. The fact that military action was taken and that many people on both sides lost their lives or were wounded is a harsh and bitter reality especially for you, the people of the Republic of Indonesia . A large number of your people are estimated to have died as a result of the action taken by the Netherlands …”

But this statement has been served as a mere lip service, since the Dutch government continues to remain irresponsible on various massacres on non-combatant people of Indonesia, and 60 years after these tragedies, remained unwilling to compensate the surviving victims, widows and family members of victims of Dutch army’ atrocities conducted during its military aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950.

 

On the 9th of December 1947 Dutch soldiers massacred 431 men in the Javanese village of Rawagede. It is not the first time this ghost from the past surfaced in the national media. Recently for instance this reporter wrote about it. In December 2007 newspaper “Trouw” dedicated a lengthy article to this black page of Dutch history. And now, last week, this war crime from over sixty years ago reappeared on TV, internet and in the papers once more.

Friday, the 12th of September there was this story by the son of a non commissioned officer who served during the Indonesian war of independence in the Dutch  army. Not a sheer coincidence, because earlier this week, Wednesday, the 11th of September,  another newspaper, “De Volkskrant”, published a short news item, “The Indonesian claim is reasonable” ,  about victims of that particular event, who almost sixty years later, seek justice- that is financial compensation – in Dutch courts.  And on Monday the 8th of

September

Group Sues Dutch War Crimes in Rawagede

The Dutch massacre in Rawagede is to be tried in The Hague on June 20 2011

 

Rawagede Massacre in 1947 (www.eenvandaag.nl)

VIVAnews – This is what happened on December 9, 1947: the Dutch soldiers’ trample entering Rawagede village. The soldiers came to search for a group of rioters. However, what happened was a massacre. As many as 430 settlers died, all were men.

 

It was raining on that unfortunate day, arousining

 

uncanny atmosphere. Red liquid, water mixed with blood, swamped the village. Women and children—the remaining settlers—buried the bodies with whatever strength and tools they had. The stench of the bodies from shallow graves was in the air for days. It was the cruelest and bloody crime the Dutch had ever committed between 1945 and 1949.

Rawagede is now gone, the name is changed to Balongsari village, in Rawamerta, Karawang. It is situated between Karawang and Bekasi. Sixty four years have passed, but the Rawagede legal case is not completed.

The families of the massacre victims filed a lawsuit at The Hague District Court on Wednesday, December 9, 2009. Represented by Liesbeth Zegveld, the families asked the Netherlands government to acknowledge the cruelty they have committed in Rawagede. They also asked for compensation.

The trial of Rawagede case is not yet complete. On Monday, June 20, 2011 at 9.30am local time, the lawyer is scheduled to read out a pledge or pledooi administratie. “The group of the victims’ families who become witnesses will leave for the Netherlands on Wednesday, June 15, 2011 from Soekarno-Hatta airport,” says the press release of the Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts that VIVAnews received on Tuesday evening, June 14, 2011.

It calls on Indonesian community, especially who are living in European Union countries, to watch the trial this Monday. Especially because the trial will be held a day before the commemoration of the death of Indonesia’s first president Sukarno on June 21, 2011.

The then Dutch Ambassador to Indonesia Nikolaos van Dam said his government had conveyed a deep regret over the Rawagede massacre. This was delivered when van Dam visited the 61st commemoration of Rawagede Tragedy at Rawagede Monument, Balongsari village, Rawamerta, Karawang district, West Java on December 9, 2008


“It was estimated that the number of Indonesians who died because of the Dutch’s violence was large. On behalf of the Dutch government, I would like to convey a deep regret over all the sufferings,” said van Dam, who retired as senior diplomat in 2010.

A Dutch court is expected to rule later if survivors of a massacre carried out more than 60 years ago will get compensation. According to Indonesian researchers, dutch troops wiped out almost the entire male population of a village in West Java, two years after the former colony declared independence in 1945. Most Indonesians do not know about the massacre that took place in Rawagede in 1947. Only recently has a monument been built to remind residents that Dutch soldiers killed all the men of the village. The only living witnesses are now in their 80s, and illiterate, after having to fend for themselves following the deaths of their husbands. “There were dead bodies everywhere, many of which we found in the river after the shooting stopped,” said Cawi, a survivor. The massacre in Rawagede is not the only village where the Netherlands has an unresolved dark history. Al Jazeera’s Step Vassen reports from Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monument Rawa Gede

Place :Karawang Regencies

 

Rawa Gede Monument, one of the places in Karachi that has historical value, is the place where Anwar was inspired to write the famous poem Between Karawang Bekasi. In the occurrence of these tragic events have now been built Rawagede Monument.
You will follow the story of the tragic events that occurred Rawagede on December 9, 1947 which began about four o’clock in the morning. At that time, Dutch military conduct raids into people’s homes. Any person who is found, especially males, were collected in the field. They asked about the whereabouts of fighters who hide as the father of Captain Luke Kustaryo Danki Regiment VI Jakarta. All citizens no one answered, so there was a massacre by Dutch military.
The event is manifested in the form of two-storey building monuments built starting in November 1995 and inaugurated on July 12, 1996. Observe the room downstairs where there is a diorama of the massacre the citizens by the Dutch army, which will probably make you a little chilling stand. The outer walls are decorated the bottom of the reliefs depicting the struggle of the people of Falkirk. Specifically on the rear panel reliefs depicted the struggle of the people in the Falkirk area Rawagede while risking life for the sake of independence. The tomb of a hero in the back named Raga Sampurna. In addition to the eastern entrance there are two victims of a hero’s grave events in Rawagede Dutch military action. The toll was made up of events December 9, 1947 – October 1948 as many as 491 people. Among the victims were buried in the garden tomb of heroes as much as 181 people Raga Sampurna.

 

 

 


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Petition to urge the Netherlands Government,
to recognize de jure Indonesian Independence Day was on August 17th 1945, and
to apologize for the colonialization, slavery, violation of human rights and horrific crimes against humanity

 the end @ copyrigh6t Dr iwan suwandy 2011