Driwan Vietnam War Book:”The Vietnam War 1967 Historic Collections”

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S

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  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

                    Please Enter 

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)

Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and Postal History

               1967

 

___________________________________

d)1967-the second years of Vietnam Liberation’s war.

___________________________________

1)January 1967

(1)January 8-26, 1967


About 16,000 U.S. soldiers from the 1st and 25th Infantry Divisions, 173d Airborne Brigade and 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment join 14,000 South Vietnamese troops to mount Operation CEDAR FALLS.

This offensive, the largest of the war to date, was designed to disrupt insurgent operations near Saigon,

and had as its primary targets the Thanh Dien Forestry Reserve and the Iron Triangle, a 60-square-mile area
 of jungle believed to contain communist base camps and supply dumps. During the course of the operations,
 U.S. infantrymen discovered and destroyed a massive tunnel complex in the Iron Triangle,
apparently a headquarters for guerrilla raids and terrorist attacks on Saigon.

U.S. and South Vietnamese forces accounted for nearly 750 confirmed enemy dead and 280 prisoners.

 Enemy equipment losses were 23 crew-served weapons, 590 individual weapons, and over 2,800 explosive
items such as mines, grenades, and mortar and artillery rounds. Some 100 bunkers, 25 tunnels,
 and over 500 structures were destroyed.

U.S. battle losses totaled 72 killed and 337 wounded; those for the South Vietnamese, 11 killed and 8 wounded.

U.S. equipment lost included 2 tank and 5 armored personnel carriers. Damage was sustained by 3 tanks,
 9 APC’s, 1 tankdozer, 2 jeeps and 2 light observation helicopters.
The South Vietnamese lost 3 individual weapons.

(A column of the 11th ACR progressing deep into the Iron Triangle during CEDAR FALLS)
__________________

(1a)January,18th.1967

The Birth Certificate(Khai sanh)  with rare violet bridge design  local Cam Ranh Revenue.

look the picture of the Camh Ranh bridge ,the sam desiagn on the revenue above

01-nha-trang-modern-downtown-dsc04346-useme

jan.18th.1967

The birth certificate Khai sanh with rare  local revenue  from Na Thrang.

Early 1967

When U.S. Army engineers landed in Vietnam in 1965, only two deep-draft ports existed in the entire country-Saigon and Cam Ranh Bay. Shallow-draft port facilities existed at Nha Trang and Qui Nhon, and there were several beaches along the coast over which cargo could be transported from ships lying offshore. Although the Army lacked ships to take advantage of the shallow ports, this lack was offset to some degree by unloading cargo across the beaches. The two deep-draft ports with their severely limited berthing facilities were totally inadequate for handling the volume of American materials being shipped to Vietnam during the troop buildup.

The 497th Engineer Company (Port Construction), the Army’s only such company in 1965, estimated the requirements and made plans for both long-range and short-range port facilities throughout South Vietnam, except in I Corps, which received its support from the Navy. Over-all plans called for making Saigon and Cam Ranh Bay into major logistical bases, and Qui Nhon, Nha Trang, Phan Rang, and Vung Tau into minor support bases. As the ports were developed a variety of attendant projects were undertaken in addition to the basic pier construction. Barge off-loading facilities, airfields, ramps for landing craft, and logistical storage facilities were incorporated in the plan.

The greatest single aid in the rapid development of port sites in Vietnam was the DeLong pier. Essentially one version of this pier consists of a 90×300-foot barge supported by eighteen tubular steel caissons 6 feet in diameter and 50 feet long. These caissons are placed in, collars attached to the piers and are pressed into the harbor bottom by pneumatic jacks that are a part of the collar apparatus. Therefore the pier is further jacked up on its caisson legs to the desired elevation above the water surface.

Each DeLong pier provided berthing for at least two ships simultaneously, and use of these finger or T-shaped piers made possible the rapid development of deep-draft ports at Qui Nhon and Vung Tau and expansion at Cam Ranh Bay. The first DeLong pier assembled in South Vietnam was at Cam Ranh Bay. Its installation required the efforts of sixteen men for forty-five days; a timber pile pier of comparable dimensions would have required at least six months’ work by a platoon of forty men with special equipment. DeLong piers were emplaced as quickly as they became available.

A wide spectrum of engineer activity accompanied the development of port facilities at Cam Ranh Bay. An 800-foot rock causeway and 80-foot bridge span previously discussed were constructed to provide access to the first DeLong pier, a large cargo-handling area was prepared, and a roadnet capable of supporting the inland shipment of cargo was build. The first tactical airfield with a runway of expedient surfacing to support jet fighter aircraft was constructed, and along with it a 400-foot timber jetty to assist in pumping fuel from the piers to the air base.

Eventually Cam Ranh Bay was served by four DeLong piers as well as facilities for offloading shallow-draft vessels. In addition to being the largest logistical storage area in the republic, Cam Ranh Bay became one of the largest and most effective ports in Southeast Asia.

 


Photo: Main Port Facilities at Cam Ranh, September 1967
MAIN PORT FACILITIES AT CAM RANH, SEPTEMBER 1967

Farther up the coast, elements of the 497th Engineer Company and the 937th Engineer Group were occupied with increasing the capacity of the port at Qui Nhon. Since is was a shallow-draft port, ramps for landing craft were needed, but there was no suitable land available for them. As a first step, therefore, a new jetty was extended from the shore at Qui Nhon with approximately 45,000 cubic yards of fill to create a usable area 620×360 feet. This extension provided excellent landing facilities for the shallow-draft landing craft and more than doubled the storage area of the port. When Qui Nhon was upgraded in February 1966 from a support area to a logistical base, storage capacity was expanded even more. In addition, deep-draft berths were provided through the installation of DeLong piers and permanent LST ramps.

Port facilities in Saigon were quickly swamped by the heavy volume of war materials that poured in during the buildup. Numerous improvements were made along the original pier lines and approaches. To relieve the congestion on the Saigon docks and in the city itself, the Engineer Section of US Army, Vietnam, planned a completely new port on the Saigon River upstream from the city. Designed and constructed primarily by civilian architects and contractors and christened Newport, it became a US Army port

01-nha-trang-modern-downtown-dsc04346-useme

Centrally located about twenty miles north of Cam Ranh Bay, Nha Trang, with its out islands, mountains and lush tropical beaches, is one of the most beautiful places on earth. Today its miles of white beaches along the South China Sea are rapidly being developed. The city, 40,000 when I lived there but now approaching 300,000 is becoming a world playground. In 2008 Nha Trang hosted the Miss Universe competition; in 2010 the Miss World contest was held in Nha Trang.

His wife Carol Anne had never been to Nha Trang, but he lived there from December 1967 to June 1968. Ihe was an Army Captain, S-2 (Intelligence) of the newly formed 8th Psychological Operations Battalion. Ihewas head of intelligence for psychological warfare (propaganda) for II Corps. Ihecame to Nha Trang after five months in the field with first the 2/7 of the 1st Air Mobile Cavalry Division, and later the 101st Airborne.

Returning to Nha Trang was difficult. In January 1968, at the outbreak of the Tet offensive, he was pinned down and almost killed in Nha Trang. The North Vietnamese and their local forces attacked on the ground while the U.S. Air Force bombed us for a number of hours. he survived; others didn’t.(the witness story of USA captain inteligence S2 ,who on duty in 1967-1968 at Nha Trang)

(1b)January,28th. 1967

North Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Duy Trinh says Unites States must stop bombing North Vietnam before talks begin.(D)

jan,28th.1967

Trich Luc Bo Khai Sanh birt certificate

with local bold 1967 revenue

2)February 1967

February,1st.1967

Bien La Tient Tat Postal Recieved money with vietnam conghoa coniem revenue 

February 8, 1967

Operation LAM SON II terminated. It was a combined US/ARVN security operation that
lasted 259 day in Binh Duong Province. Friendly losses were 70 killed and 339 wounded.
Enemy losses were 251 killed, 198 prisoners, 1,450 detained, 49 individual and
8 crew-served weapons.
(The band of the 1st Infantry Division playing at a county fair in
 Tan Phuoc Khanh village during LAM SON II)
 
March 1967

 (1) March,1st. 1967

(a)The best summin high-up of the war in Vietnam was written by Corelli Barnet in PUNCH , “ The Americans have yet to be persuaded that they cannot win their Vietnam conflict on the battle-field”(D)

 (b) Bien Lai Tien Muon Pho Cholon recieved money with vietnam conghoa coniem reveneu

(2)March 18 – April 21, 1967


The 4/9, 2/14 and 1/27 Inf of the 25th Infantry Division begin Operation MAKALAPA to interdict VC supply routes in the “Pineapple” area of Hau Nghia Provinve.

(Grunts of 2/14 during MAKALAPA)
__________________

 (3)March,21st 1967

Johnson ends two-day meeting on Guam with Thieu and Ky, North Vietnam reveal exchange of letters betweenJohnson and Ho Chi Minh.

 4) April 1967

 (1)April,1st.1967

Shy Thi Muo ha Nha Thuoi Phau from Phau Thie Gia Long province

recieved money with vietnam coniem sugar cane type revenue.

(b) The first day cover Quan Buu (Military Post) M1 Stamp without value (courtecy Nr Creshow of IMNAHA, please  who have the same or before this date cover tell us via comment,thanps,Dr Iwan Note)

(1a) April,3rd. 1967

Nhiem Vu Rat Nang Ne Va Het Suc Ve Hang. Boi doi Truong Son du’o’c Quoc hoi va Chinh phu tuyen du’o’ng . Don vi anh luc Luong vu trang nhan dan (D)

April,18th.1967

Trich Luc Bo Khai Sanh birth certificate with local 1967 thin revenue

 

 5)May 1967

(1)May,1st.1967

 First Day  Cover Doi Song Dan Chung

(1a)May,7th 1967

The Original handsigned of  the book ‘s writter , George M.T.Kahin ,on the inner page of his book’s “The United States in Vietnam” with his hand written For  Nugroho(in memoriam Indonesian Military Historian) with best wishes May,7th,1967 .Djakarta (old type,since 1971 Jakarta-auth)

6) June 1977

(1)June 5-20, 1967


The 28th Regiment of the 9th ROK Division ‘White Horse’ begins a search and destroy operation named MATU II in Phu Yen Province. Enemy losses are 139 killed, 12 detained, 78 individual and 12 crew-served weapons.
__________________

(1a) June,10th. 1967

Rare official Vu quoc Hien , Luat  Su Toa Thruoang Tham Nathrang ( prisoner Camp ?) covers to Cholon. With  Stamps 3 dong + 1 dong (rate4 dong) CDS Nha Trang 10.7.1976.

        Inside the official  Vu Quoc Hien letter.

__________________________________   

Thua Ong,

Phuc dap quy tho ngay 2/7/67 Toi tran trong bao tin ong ro , viec chua ong Toa da goi ra de hoa giai (theo thu tuc) vao ngay 21-7-67.

                        Ngay do toibs thay mat Ong de di hau Toa.

            Kinh Thu.

(Please someone tranlate this important information, because rare official latter from South Vietnam still exist now due  to many refugees from this area and all the document were burned  before they put in the Truong Tam “Change of Thought” camp after the fall of Saigon in 1975-auth)

June 14, 1967

General Westmoreland presented the Presidential Unit Citation to the ARVN 37th Ranger
Battalion, the 934th Regional Forces Company and the 2d Platoon, Battery B, 21st Artillery
Battalion of the 2nd ARVN Division, for extraordinary heroism during battle with
the Viet Cong
 on November 22, 1965.

__________________

A 24 hours stand-down was observed in all of the RVN for Buddha’s birthday. 71 incidents were reported during the truce, friendly casualties were 12 killed and 57 wounded, enemy casualties were 57 killed and 16 detained.

The famous White Buddha overlooking the town on Nha Trang, home of the I Field Force, Vietnam, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) and the ROK GHQ
(Note the swastika above the temple)
__________________

Eight Australian Canberra (B-57) bombers of Squadron Number 2 arrived at Phan Rang Air Base to make Australia the second country to support the RVN with a tri-service contingent.
__________________

Elements of the 4th Marines Regiment launched a search and destroy operation named SHAWNEE in Thua Thien Province. Friendly losses were 13 killed and 139 wounded. Enemy losses were 128 killed, 60 detained and 80 individual weapons.
__________________

 5)May 1967

(1)  May,1st 1967

(a) Ellsworth Bunker arrives Saigon to replace Ldge as ambassador.(D)

(b) In this day issued a special first day cover with a soldier  with gun and people repaired the wheel of Tank, 1-5-1967 , the stamp about the soldier and civillian stamps, “DOI SONG DAN CHUNG, La Vie Du Peuple Au Vietnam , Premier Jour d’emission , First Day cover”


Operation WAIMEA, a part of Operation BARKING SANDS, was conducted from 22 through 26 August. In addition to an organic battalion of the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, WAIMEA included the 4th Battalion, 12th Infantry placed under 1st Brigade’s operational control from the 199th Light Infantry Brigade (Separate), and the 2nd and 4th Battalions of the 7th Regiment (ARVN). The operation was conducted along the RACH TRA, from XT7507 to the Saigon River at XY814079 and along the opposite bank of the SAIGON River from XT8109 to XT8208. The area of operation was known to be a VC haven because of the thick terrain and extensive canals flowing from the SAIGON River. The operation was designed to drive the VC from the area and to destroy their base camps and fortifications. Contact throughout the operation was limited, however, to engagement of VC in sampans and destruction of fortifications, many of which were booby trapped. Civic action operations were taken to assist the RD cadre and population at nearby TAN THAN DONG (XT7511) and to provide medical assistance at BAO TRAM (XT722156).
Quote:
During this operation the Golden Dragons were searching for elements of the 2d GO MON Bn, MR IV, along the east-west canals of the Saigon River south of Phu Cuong. The operation was launched by 8 series of airmobile combat assaults to search and destroy VC forces and installations. Approximately 500 meters from the landing zone, Company A came upon a recently occupied and well-fortified base camp complex consisting of more than 200 well-camouflaged bunkers and command posts. In addition many freshly cultivated cane fields, rice paddies and other type crops used by the VC were found. A heavy bombardment by TAC air and artillery prior to the combat assault apparently alerted the VC as fresh footprints indicated that he had moved out of the base camp within the hour. The decision was made by the Brigade Commander to stay in the base camp and destroy everything. All of the bunkers were set up in defense in depth with killing zones and fire lanes for each bunker. Additionally, numerous ambush sites were discovered within the base camp complex. The Golden Dragons remained in the area until the termination of WAIMEA and destroyed all bunkers and living quarters. Chain saws, demolitions and machetes in large quantities were airlifted into the area and a massive land clearing operation was undertaken by the soldiers of the 2/14th. All vegetation in the area, to include crops, was destroyed. The Golden Dragons were well motivated in their work knowing only too well that the area had to be denied the enemy. Upon completion of the clearing operation WAIMEA was terminated and the Golden Dragons, having been in water for over five days, were ready for refitting. However, when the battalion returned to Cu Chi, fresh intelligence indicated a large enemy force had moved into the Iron Triangle. The Golden Dragons received the mission of conducting an armed reconnaissance in force. At this period of time, Captain Joseph M. Wilson assumed command of Company B.
During this operation the Golden Dragons were searching for elements of the 2d GO MON Bn, MR IV, along the east-west canals of the Saigon River south of Phu Cuong. The operation was launched by 8 series of airmobile combat assaults to search and destroy VC forces and installations. Approximately 500 meters from the landing zone, Company A came upon a recently occupied and well-fortified base camp complex consisting of more than 200 well-camouflaged bunkers and command posts. In addition many freshly cultivated cane fields, rice paddies and other type crops used by the VC were found. A heavy bombardment by TAC air and artillery prior to the combat assault apparently alerted the VC as fresh footprints indicated that he had moved out of the base camp within the hour. The decision was made by the Brigade Commander to stay in the base camp and destroy everything. All of the bunkers were set up in defense in depth with killing zones and fire lanes for each bunker. Additionally, numerous ambush sites were discovered within the base camp complex. The Golden Dragons remained in the area until the termination of WAIMEA and destroyed all bunkers and living quarters. Chain saws, demolitions and machetes in large quantities were airlifted into the area and a massive land clearing operation was undertaken by the soldiers of the 2/14th. All vegetation in the area, to include crops, was destroyed. The Golden Dragons were well motivated in their work knowing only too well that the area had to be denied the enemy. Upon completion of the clearing operation WAIMEA was terminated and the Golden Dragons, having been in water for over five days, were ready for refitting. However, when the battalion returned to Cu Chi, fresh intelligence indicated a large enemy force had moved into the Iron Triangle. The Golden Dragons received the mission of conducting an armed reconnaissance in force. At this period of time, Captain Joseph M. Wilson assumed command of Company B.

 September 1967

 

Photo: Main Port Facilities at Cam Ranh, September 1967
MAIN PORT FACILITIES AT CAM RANH, SEPTEMBER 1967

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

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