Yearly Archives: 2011

The Vitiligo or Leukoderma Informations

VITILIGO INFORMATIONS

 

CREATED BY

Dr IWAN SUWANDY,MHA

LIMITED PRIVATE EDITION IN CD-ROM SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBERS

Jakarta @copyright Dr iwan suwandy,MHA 2011

THE COMPLETE INFORMATION EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER,PLEASE SUBSCRIBE VIA COMMENT

THE INFO INCLUDING:

WHAT IS VITILIGO

MODERN AND TRADITIONAL THERAPY OF VITILIGO

THE END @ copyrigth Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

The Postal History Of Dutch Federal state in indonesia 1947-1949

 

The Postal History Of Dutch Federal State at  Indonesia in 1947-1949

based on postal and document history

Creaty by

Dr Iwan Suwandy

private limited edition in ten CD-ROM special edition

Jakarta @Copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

THE POSTAL HISTORY ARRANGED ON THE DUTCH FEDREAL PTT AREA

(RESEARCH BY DR IWAN FROM HIS PRIVATE COLLECTIONS)

 

AREA I


a.The subdivision Manggarai (Roeteng) III Residence Timor

b.The subdivision Gianjar Kloengkoeng III and IIII of Residence Bali and Lombok

 

AREA II
a.The Regencies Pekalongan IV Demak Grobogan IV and IV of the Resort of Recomba for Central Java.


b.Subsections IV Maros, Goa (Soewnggoe Minahasa) IV-Djeneponto Takelar IV Bonthain IV Boeloekoemba IV Sindjai III, Bone (Watampone) III Soppeng (Watansoppeng) IV of Residence South Sulawesi

c.The Bima Subsection (Raba) IV of the Residence Timor

d.The Subdivisions III ,IV Karangasem, East Lombok (Selong) III and Central Lombok (Praja) IV of Residence Bali and Lombok

 

 

AREA III

a.The regencies Cheribon IV Kuningan Madjalengka IV and IV of the Resort from the main real time Bsetuur dienst Cheribon

b.The regenstchapen Pemalang IV Tegal IV Brebes IV, Kendal IV Banjumas IV Poerbalinggo IV Cilacap IV Banjarnegara IV and Kebumen IV alsmande District Salatiga IV of the Regency Semarang, the resort of Recomba for Central Java.

c.Under the afdellingen Tandjoengpinantg IV, Kari (Tandjoengbalai) IV,

f.Pulau Toedjoeh IV ( Terempa) the residence Riouw

g.The Rantau Onderafdel8ingen IV Poelaoe Tanah Boemboe (Kota baroe0) IV of the Residence south borneo

h.The Subdivisions pangkadjene IV Saleier (Benteng) IV Wadjo (Sengkang) IV Berroe9Soempang Bimanga) IV Madjene IV, Kendari IV Paloppo IV, IV and Masamba Malili of Residence South Sulawesi

i.The Subdivisions Poso IV Kolonedale IV and Banggai9Loewoek) IV of the Residence Manado

gThe Subdivision Ngada (Badjawa) IV of the Residence Timor.

h.The Subdivisions Boeleleng (Singaradja) IV Djembrana (Negara) IV and Badung (Denpasar) IV of the Residence Bali and Lombok

i.Rain Shelves Modjokerto IV Djombang IV Loemadjang IV Bondowoso Banjoewangi IV and IV of the resort of Recomba for East Java

 

AREA IV

a.The main resort of the Temporary Bestuurdiesnt Batavia V


b.The main resort of the Temporary Bestuurdiesnt Buitenzorg v

c.The main resort of the Temporary Bestuurdiesnt Bandung V

d.The Regency Indramayu Ressort IV of the Temporary Administration of the Head Office Cheribon

e.The Regency Semarang IV (with the exception of the Resort District of Salatiga in Central Java for the Recomba)

f.The Regency Surabaya V Sidoardjo IV Panaroekan V Djember V, Malang V Paoeroean V, V Probolinggo, Pamekasan V, VI Soemenep enBangkalan V of the Resort of Recomba for East Java

g.The Subdivisions Lingga (Dab0-Singkep) V of the residence Riouw

h.The Subdividson Ogan Ilir (Tandjung Radja0 V Lematang Ilir (moear Enim) VI of the Resort of the South Sumatra Recomba

i.The Residence South Borneo VI (except for Subdivisions and Rantau Pulu Laoet Tanah Boemboie (Kota Baroe)0

j.The Residence OoostBorneo VI (except for Subdivisions Tidoengan Countries (Malinan) and Boelongan (Tandjung Seilor)

k.Subdivisions of the V Makassar, Pare-pare V Pinrang V Polewali V, V Manoedjoe, Buton (Baoebaoe) and Muna V (V Raha0 of Residence South Sulawesi

l.The Subdivisions Ternate VI Djailolo VI VI Tobelo sula and Islands (Sanana) IV of the North Moluccas Residence

m.The Residence Timor V (except for Subdivisions Koepang, Ngada (Badjawa0, Manggarai (Roeteng) and Bima (Raha)

n.The subdivision west of Lombok (Mataram) V of the residence Bali and Lombok

 

 

 

 

AREA V

a.It reports to the Head of Temporary Besrtuurdienst Medan VI

b.Temporary Head of the Resort Sabang Besrtuurdienst VI

c.Temporary Head of the Resort Padang Besrtuurdienst VI

d.The Resort of South Sumatra recomba VI (except Subdivisions Ogan Ilir Ilir Lematang Tandjoeng Raja and Muara Enim)

e.Bangka and Billiton, the Residence VI

f.The Subdivision Tidoengse Countries (Malinau) and Vi Boelongan (Tandjung Seiler) Vi of the Residence East Borneo

g.The Subdivisions Sangir and Talaud islands (Tahoena) VI and Boeol (Leok) and Vi and the Residence Manado

h.The South Residence molluken VI (except subsection West Seram (Piroe)

i.The Subdivisions Batjan (Laboeha) VI of the North Residence Molluken

j.The Residence New Guinea VI
 

k.The Subdivision Koepang VI of the Residency Timor

 

 

AREA VI

a.The Residence West Borneo VII

b.The Subdivisions West Seram (Piroe) VI of the Residency South Moluccas

c.The subdivision Weda the VI and VI of the residence North Morotai Molukkden

 

 

 

THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENT  Dr IWAN COLLECTIONS FOUND AT PADANG IN 1980

Original info in Dutch language

Gelezen de brieven van:

a.het hoofd van de dienst voor Algemene Perdsonele zaken van 29 december 1948 no PK 1e/21, en van 5 january 1949 No.s P.1e/30

b.de wd.Voorzitter van de algemende Personeelraad van 30 december 1948 No. APR/A.21.

onz onz

Ten zevende: Te bepalen,dat dit besluit gescht wordt in werking te zijn getreden met ingang van 1 januari 1949 .met dien verstande,dat ten aanzien van  hen, aan wie na een ontslag uit de overheidds dienst, verloend na die datum, pensioen of onderstand bij wijze van pensoen grondslag zal worden gescht in werking te zijn getrende op 1 augutus 1q947.

BETSLINGS REGELING AMBTENAAR EN GEPENSIONNEERINGEN 1949

TABEL I

INDELING GE LEDSDELEN IN RAYONS

RAYON I

De onderafdeling Manggarai(Roeteng) III van Residentie Timor

De onder afdeling Gianjar IIII en Kloengkoeng III van de Residentie Bali en Lombok

RAYON II

De Regentschappen Pekalongan IV Demak IV en Grobogan IV van het Ressort van de Recomba voor Midden Java.

De onder afdelingen  Maros IV,Goa(Soewnggoe minahasa) IV,Djeneponto-Takelar IV, Bonthain IV,Boeloekoemba IV, Sindjai III,Bone(Watampone) III,Soppeng(Watansoppeng)IV, van Residentie  Zuid-Celebes

De Onderafdeling Bima(Raba) IV van de Residentie Timor

De Onderafdelingen III<Karangasem IV,ooost Lombok(Selong) III en Midden-Lombok(Praja) Iv van de Residentie Bali en Lombok

 

RAYON III

De regentschappen Cheribon IV, Koeningan IV en Madjalengka IV van het Ressort van het Hoofd tijdlijke Bsetuur diesnt Cheribon

De regenstchapen Pemalang IV, Tegal IV, Brebes IV, Kendal IV,Banjoemas IV,Poerbalinggo IV,Tjilatjap IV,Bandjarnegara IV en Keboemen IV, alsmande het district Salatiga IV van het Regentschap Semarang, van het resort van de Recomba voor Midden Java.

De Onder afdellingen Tandjoengpinantg IV,Karimoen(Tandjoengbalai) IV,Poelau RToedjoeh(Terempa0 IV ven de residentie Riouw

De Onderafdel8ingen  Rantau IV en Poelaoe Tanah Boembo(Kota baroe0) IV van de Residentie zuid borneo

De Onderafdelingen pangkadjene IV,Saleier(Benteng) IV,Wadjo(Sengkang) IV, Berroe9Soempang Bimanga)IV,Madjene IV,Kendari IV,Paloppo IV, Masamba IV en Malili van de Residentie Zuid Celebes

De Onderafdelingen Poso IV,Kolonedale IV, en Banggai9Loewoek) IV van de Residentie Manado

De Onderafedlinge  Ngada(Badjawa0 IV van de Residentie Timor.

De Onderafdelingen Boeleleng(Singaradja) IV,Djembrana(Negara) IV en Badoeng(denpasar) IV van de Residentie Bali en Lombok

De Regenschappen Modjokerto IV,Djombang IV,Loemadjang IV,Bondowoso IV en Banjoewangi IV van het resort van de Recomba voor oost Java

 

RAYON IV

De resort van het hoofd Tijdelijke Bestuurdiesnt Batavia V

De resort van het hoofd Tijdelijke Bestuurdiesnt Buitenzorg v

De resort van het hoofd Tijdelijke Bestuurdiesnt Bandoeng V

Het Regentschap Indramajoe IV van het Ressort van het Hoofd Tijdelijke Bestuurdienst Cheribon

Het Regentschap Semarang IV  (met uitzondering van het District Salatiga van het Ressort van de Recomba voor Midden Java)

Het Regentschap Soerabaja V, Sidoardjo IV, Panaroekan V,Djember V,Malang V,Paoeroean V,Probolinggo V,Pamekasan V,Soemenep VI enBangkalan V van het Ressort van de Recomba voor oost Java

De Onderafdelingen Lingga(Dab0-Singkep) V van de residentie Riouw

De OnderafdelingenOgan Ilir(Tandjoeng Radja0 V en Lematang Ilir (moear enim) VI van het Ressort van de Recomba voor Zuid Sumatra

De Residentie Zuid Borneo VI(met uitzondering van de Onderafdelingen  Rantau en Poeloe Laoet Tanah Boemboie(Kota Baroe0

De Residentie OoostBorneo VI(met uitzondering van de Onderafdelingen Tidoengan Landen(Malinan) en Boelongan(Tandjoeng Seilor)

De Onderafdelingen Makassar V, pare-pare V,Piarang V, Polewali V, Manoedjoe V,Boeton (Baoebaoe) V en Moena(Raha0 V van de Residentie Zuid celebes

De Onderafdelingen Ternate VI,Djailolo VI,Tobelo VI en soela eilanden (Sanana) IV van de Residentie Noord Molukken

De Residentie Timor V(met uitzondering van de Onderafdelingen Koepang,Ngada(Badjawa0,Manggarai(Roeteng) en Bima(Raha)

De OnderafdelingenWest Lombok(Mataram) V van de residentie Bali en Lombok

 

RAYON V

Het Ressort van het Hoofd Tijdelijke Besrtuurdienst Medan VI

Het Ressort van het Hoofd Tijdelijke Besrtuurdienst Sabang VI

Het Ressort van het Hoofd Tijdelijke Besrtuurdienst  Padang VI

Het Ressort van de recomba voor Zuid  Sumatra VI(met uitzondering van de Onderafdelingen Ogan Ilir Tnadjoeng Radja en  Lematang Ilir Moeara Enim)

De Residentie Bangka en Billiton VI

De OndersafdelingenTidoengse Landen(Malinau)  Vi en  Boelongan (Tandjoeng Seiler) Vi van de residentie  Oost Borneo)

De Ondersafdelingen Sangir en Talaud eilanden(Tahoena) VI en Boeol(leok) Vi en  en van  de Residentie Manado

De Residentie Zuid molluken VI(met uitzondering van de onder afdeling West Ceram (Piroe)

De Ondersafdelingen Batjan(Laboeha) VI van de Residentie Noord Molluken

De Residentie Nieuw Guinea VI

 De OndersafdelingenKoepang VI van de Residentie Timor

RAYON VI

De Residentie West Borneo VII

De Ondersafdelingen West Ceram(Piroe) VI van de Residentie Zuid molukken

De OndersfdelingenWeda VI en Morotai VI van de residentie  Noord Molukkden

the illustration of collections exist,but only for premium member,please subscribed via comment.

the end @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

The Crimean Baltic collections

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

THE CRIMEAN BALTIC COLLECTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDONESIAN VERSION

Sudak Yevgeny telah menyarankan agar saya pergi ke Gua Marmer, tapi aku lebih tertarik pada warisan Genoa Crimea dan hubungan sejarah dengan Jalan Sutra. Jadi, Sudak harus tempat untuk pergi sebelum mengambil kereta malam ke Odessa.
Sudak Yevgeny telah menyarankan agar saya pergi ke Gua Marmer, tapi aku lebih tertarik pada warisan Genoa Crimea dan hubungan sejarah dengan Jalan Sutra. Jadi, Sudak harus tempat untuk pergi sebelum mengambil kereta malam ke Odessa.

 Trident, simbol nasional Ukraina. Pertama kali muncul sebagai simbol dari Prince Vladimir (Volodymir) dari Kyiv.

Kami melaju ke arah timur melintasi dataran datar Krimea pusat. Patch rumput, ladang gandum dan rawa sesekali. Kami juga melewati sebuah kota bernama Bilohirsk, atau “Gunung Putih” – satu bisa melihat tebing yang tajam putih vertikal naik dari dataran. Beberapa desa Tatar baru berdiri di dekatnya, dengan bidang yang subur mereka sayuran, dinding baru dicat dan atap terkonjugasi mengkilap. Banyak Tatar, bagaimanapun, tetap di trailer dan gubuk-gubuk, menunggu selesainya rumah yang lebih permanen. Tatar telah dipaksa untuk pindah ke tanah-tanah kosong, karena rumah nenek moyang mereka sekarang diduduki oleh pendatang baru. Aku bertanya-tanya apakah ini adalah hal yang baik. Akibatnya, mereka sedang ghettoised dan hidup terpisah dari kelompok etnis lain dari Crimea. Hal ini juga dapat menempatkan mereka di jalur tabrakan dengan orang lain, khususnya Rusia setempat.

 Sudak mengesankan dinding.

Kami mencapai Sudak setelah dua jam mengemudi terus menerus. Cincin abad ke 14 mengesankan dinding cokelat tinggi dan menara berdiri di atas tebing pantai yang menghadap kota kuno ini. Ini pernah menjadi salah satu pelabuhan yang paling penting Genoa perdagangan, dan salah satu titik terminal dari Jalan Sutra. Kekayaan Timur, dilakukan di dataran dan gurun dari Eurasia, melewati Sudak dalam perjalanan ke Genoa dan Barat. Marco Polo ayah dan paman dilaporkan berhenti di sini dalam perjalanan mereka ke Cina. Namun sejarah kota tanggal untuk periode sebelumnya jauh sebelum itu. Sudak mulai keberadaannya sebagai kota Yunani, dan kemudian menaklukkan, dipecat dan dibangun kembali oleh setiap penjajah itu Crimea – Scythians, Khazar, Mongol, Genoa, Venesia, Turki Ottoman / Tatar, dan Rusia.

  Perangko menampilkan artefak Scythian.

Neal Ascherson, dalam “Laut Hitam” disebutkan tentang mengunjungi sebuah makam kuno Khazar digali antara yayasan Bizantium di sini. Para Khazar adalah suku nomaden kuno Turki yang masuk Yudaisme pada abad ke 8, banyak dari mereka menetap di Crimea dan dataran Ukraina, dan diperdagangkan hasil pertanian dari tanah hitam yang kaya untuk kerajinan emas meriah dari semua jenis yang pengrajin Yunani terkenal karena – perhiasan dan perhiasan, minum kapal dengan ukiran yang rumit mereka. Mengingat populasi yang tumbuh cepat dari Yunani kecil negara-kota, itu tidak lama sebelum mereka menjadi sangat tergantung pada gandum koloni yang jauh di pantai Laut Hitam dan Sisilia. Di sisi lain, banyak Khazar tinggal di dekat atau dalam kota-kota Yunani, memperoleh rasa untuk gaya hidup kosmopolitan yang lebih canggih yang mereka tawarkan. Khazar Ascherson makam yang dikunjungi tidak biasa, karena tidak hanya itu penguburan Turki dilakukan dengan ritual Yahudi di sebuah kota Kristen Yunani Ortodoks, tetapi itu juga berisi kerangka dari sebuah pengorbanan manusia. Menurut Ascherson, “korban – berotak oleh pukulan kapak – dilemparkan ke kubur untuk berbaring di samping penghuninya Khazar nya” dalam tradisi suku nomaden sejati.

Sudak menurun setelah penangkapan Ottoman Konstantinopel dan akhirnya dari Sudak sendiri. Dari pelabuhan perdagangan internasional, menjadi pusat administrasi provinsi pertanian yang resmi catatan berkaitan dengan sengketa lahan pertanian lokal daripada internasional geopolitik. Perannya semakin diencerkan ketika perdagangan budak menguntungkan dipindahkan ke Kaffa dekatnya, sekarang dikenal sebagai Feodosia.

 Lama kartu pos Crimea

Sudak saat ini sebuah resor pantai mengantuk, tentu tidak menyenangkan seperti Yalta. Beberapa penyamak kulit matahari berbaring di pantai, dan beberapa menyenangkan-pencari adalah air-ski di perairan yang tenang. Atas desakan Yevgeny, aku bergabung dengan wisatawan di Novy Svet, atau “New World”, sebuah resor bahkan mengantuk beberapa mil jauhnya. Kami berjalan sepanjang jalan sempit di tepi air gunung laut menempel, dan menemukan diri kita dalam sebuah gua besar yang pernah aula partai konglomerat lokal. Tsar, anggota bangsawan, okabe industrialisasi akhir abad ke-19 Rusia, taipan minyak Baku, chic modis Tinggi Masyarakat St Petersburg semua berjuang untuk menghadiri pesta-pesta legendaris pernah diadakan di sini. Satu masih bisa melihat sisa-sisa dari barel anggur besar dan gudang di gua ini partai. Bagaimana sebotol vintage Sauvignon Blanc Massandra?

“Sudah waktunya untuk kembali ke Simferopol,” kata Yevgeny. Tidak akan ada cukup waktu untuk mengunjungi Feodosia dekatnya, di mana Turki dan Tatar pernah lari pasar budak terbesar di kawasan Laut Hitam. Kaffa, seperti yang kemudian dikenal, sering disebut oleh orang Rusia sebagai “vampir yang minum darah Rus”.
 

Ke Odessa

Kami memiliki sup borshch lezat di rumah Yevgeny dan kemudian aku berpamitan kepada keluarga yang ramah Yevgeny. Vera bahkan menyiapkan sebuah tas kecil dengan permen, coklat, kue dan apel untuk subsisten dasar di kereta api. Aku naik kereta api tidak lama sebelum waktu keberangkatan, saat saya berhenti dan diperiksa oleh polisi. Paspor? Da. OVIR? Da. Dan aku pergi, setelah berpamitan dengan Yevgeny.

Kereta berangkat tepat waktu pada pukul 5:05, dan untuk melakukan perjalanan di Crimea menjadi “Ukraina yang tepat daratan”. Ini adalah “lahan kosong” sekali dari Novorossiya, di mana perang tanpa ampun antara Tatar dan Cossack mengosongkan tanah penduduk. Ada padang rumput yang luas pernah mendominasi cakrawala – lanskap tak berujung datar dengan apa-apa kecuali padang rumput dan Starfield bunga, yang monoton yang, menurut Anna Reid dalam perbatasan, kadang-kadang dipecahkan oleh pohon-pohon willow yang tersebar dan gundukan pemakaman prajurit nomaden kuno. Wisatawan pernah disebut lautan rumput bukan untuk alasan lain. Sungguh sayang bahwa saya hanya menyusuri sepanjang tepi selatan laut ini, yang dalam hal apapun, sebagian besar telah digantikan di masa Stalinis oleh besar pertanian kolektif tidak produktif dan tanah kosong industri sama-sama bangkrut.

Saya berbagi 4-orang kelas saya kabin tidur 2 (UAH 30 atau US $ 7) dengan pasangan muda asmara yang menghabiskan separuh waktu dalam pelukan masing-masing, dan yang tidak diragukan lagi telah pergi lebih lanjut dengan kasih sayang mereka jika tidak untuk kehadiran saya .. . Ketika saya bertanya apakah mereka tahu bahasa Inggris “Vi Gava ritye pa-angliski?”, Nyet adalah jawabannya. Tentu saja, akan Anda repot-repot untuk berbicara dengan seorang asing mencari membosankan ketika ada kesenangan duniawi lebih menyenangkan?

Itu hanya ketika saya terlihat mencoba menguraikan bagan rel jadwal yang saya diminta, dalam bahasa Inggris, apakah saya membutuhkan bantuan apapun. Jadi mereka tahu bahasa Inggris setelah semua.

“Da, sedikit,” jawab chap. Banyak orang dalam CIS sebenarnya belajar bahasa Inggris di sekolah tetapi kurangnya kesempatan untuk berlatih itu berarti bahwa mereka kurang percaya diri untuk berbicara bahasa bahkan jika seperti kesempatan muncul.

 Stamp memperingati Paskah, festival tradisional paling penting di Ukraina.

Anton dan Anatashia sedang dalam perjalanan mereka kembali ke Odessa setelah liburan Yalta. Anton adalah dari Balti Moldova (diucapkan “Belt”) dan sekarang bekerja sebagai montir di Odessa. Anatashia adalah Ukraina, rumah-tumbuh Odessan, sekarang di sekolah pelatihan polisi. Mengingat begitu-jauh saya pengalaman negatif dengan polisi Ukraina, saya tidak bisa membantu tetapi bertanya-tanya berapa lama akan mengambil gadis, manis cantik untuk berubah menjadi jenis jahat, birokrat korup saya telah bertemu dalam perjalanan ini.

Kami memiliki percakapan yang menarik tentang kehidupan di Odessa, Krimea indah, pertempuran yang tidak pernah berakhir antara Moldova dan anggur Krimea (yang tentu saja Anton melawan Anatashia diadu), dan identitas membingungkan menjadi Moldovan atau Rumania. Sebelum lama, kami berbagi buah-buahan dan tidbits, dan Anton bahkan mengajari saya bagaimana untuk mengaktifkan Rusia, atau lebih tepatnya, untuk secara politis benar, toilet kereta tekan Ukraina, yang begitu berbeda dari keran lain saya telah melihat di tempat lain. Tidak ada bagi Anda untuk menghidupkan, tapi metalpiece pressable sedikit di belakang nozzle. Apa pengenalan tradisi Samovar besar kereta CIS – Saudara-saudara, diri-layanan teh waktu!

 
 
 

 Trident, simbol nasional Ukraina. Pertama kali muncul sebagai simbol dari Prince Vladimir (Volodymir) dari Kyiv.

Kami melaju ke arah timur melintasi dataran datar Krimea pusat. Patch rumput, ladang gandum dan rawa sesekali. Kami juga melewati sebuah kota bernama Bilohirsk, atau “Gunung Putih” – satu bisa melihat tebing yang tajam putih vertikal naik dari dataran. Beberapa desa Tatar baru berdiri di dekatnya, dengan bidang yang subur mereka sayuran, dinding baru dicat dan atap terkonjugasi mengkilap. Banyak Tatar, bagaimanapun, tetap di trailer dan gubuk-gubuk, menunggu selesainya rumah yang lebih permanen. Tatar telah dipaksa untuk pindah ke tanah-tanah kosong, karena rumah nenek moyang mereka sekarang diduduki oleh pendatang baru. Aku bertanya-tanya apakah ini adalah hal yang baik. Akibatnya, mereka sedang ghettoised dan hidup terpisah dari kelompok etnis lain dari Crimea. Hal ini juga dapat menempatkan mereka di jalur tabrakan dengan orang lain, khususnya Rusia setempat.

 Dinding Sudak yang mengesankan .

Kami mencapai Sudak setelah dua jam mengemudi terus menerus. Cincin abad ke 14 mengesankan dinding cokelat tinggi dan menara berdiri di atas tebing pantai yang menghadap kota kuno ini. Ini pernah menjadi salah satu pelabuhan yang paling penting Genoa perdagangan, dan salah satu titik terminal dari Jalan Sutra. Kekayaan Timur, dilakukan di dataran dan gurun dari Eurasia, melewati Sudak dalam perjalanan ke Genoa dan Barat. Marco Polo ayah dan paman dilaporkan berhenti di sini dalam perjalanan mereka ke Cina. Namun sejarah kota tanggal untuk periode sebelumnya jauh sebelum itu. Sudak mulai keberadaannya sebagai kota Yunani, dan kemudian menaklukkan, dipecat dan dibangun kembali oleh setiap penjajah itu Crimea – Scythians, Khazar, Mongol, Genoa, Venesia, Turki Ottoman / Tatar, dan Rusia.

  Perangko menampilkan artefak Scythian.

Neal Ascherson, dalam “Laut Hitam” disebutkan tentang mengunjungi sebuah makam kuno Khazar digali antara yayasan Bizantium di sini. Para Khazar adalah suku nomaden kuno Turki yang masuk Yudaisme pada abad ke 8, banyak dari mereka menetap di Crimea dan dataran Ukraina, dan diperdagangkan hasil pertanian dari tanah hitam yang kaya untuk kerajinan emas meriah dari semua jenis yang pengrajin Yunani terkenal karena – perhiasan dan perhiasan, minum kapal dengan ukiran yang rumit mereka. Mengingat populasi yang tumbuh cepat dari Yunani kecil negara-kota, itu tidak lama sebelum mereka menjadi sangat tergantung pada gandum koloni yang jauh di pantai Laut Hitam dan Sisilia. Di sisi lain, banyak Khazar tinggal di dekat atau dalam kota-kota Yunani, memperoleh rasa untuk gaya hidup kosmopolitan yang lebih canggih yang mereka tawarkan. Khazar Ascherson makam yang dikunjungi tidak biasa, karena tidak hanya itu penguburan Turki dilakukan dengan ritual Yahudi di sebuah kota Kristen Yunani Ortodoks, tetapi itu juga berisi kerangka dari sebuah pengorbanan manusia. Menurut Ascherson, “korban – berotak oleh pukulan kapak – dilemparkan ke kubur untuk berbaring di samping penghuninya Khazar nya” dalam tradisi suku nomaden sejati.

Sudak menurun setelah penangkapan Ottoman Konstantinopel dan akhirnya dari Sudak sendiri. Dari pelabuhan perdagangan internasional, menjadi pusat administrasi provinsi pertanian yang resmi catatan berkaitan dengan sengketa lahan pertanian lokal daripada internasional geopolitik. Perannya semakin diencerkan ketika perdagangan budak menguntungkan dipindahkan ke Kaffa dekatnya, sekarang dikenal sebagai Feodosia.

 

 Lama kartu pos Crimea

Sudak saat ini sebuah resor pantai mengantuk, tentu tidak menyenangkan seperti Yalta. Beberapa penyamak kulit matahari berbaring di pantai, dan beberapa menyenangkan-pencari adalah air-ski di perairan yang tenang. Atas desakan Yevgeny, aku bergabung dengan wisatawan di Novy Svet, atau “New World”, sebuah resor bahkan mengantuk beberapa mil jauhnya. Kami berjalan sepanjang jalan sempit di tepi air gunung laut menempel, dan menemukan diri kita dalam sebuah gua besar yang pernah aula partai konglomerat lokal. Tsar, anggota bangsawan, okabe industrialisasi akhir abad ke-19 Rusia, taipan minyak Baku, chic modis Tinggi Masyarakat St Petersburg semua berjuang untuk menghadiri pesta-pesta legendaris pernah diadakan di sini. Satu masih bisa melihat sisa-sisa dari barel anggur besar dan gudang di gua ini partai. Bagaimana sebotol vintage Sauvignon Blanc Massandra?

“Sudah waktunya untuk kembali ke Simferopol,” kata Yevgeny. Tidak akan ada cukup waktu untuk mengunjungi Feodosia dekatnya, di mana Turki dan Tatar pernah lari pasar budak terbesar di kawasan Laut Hitam. Kaffa, seperti yang kemudian dikenal, sering disebut oleh orang Rusia sebagai “vampir yang minum darah Rus”.
 

Ke Odessa

Kami memiliki sup borshch lezat di rumah Yevgeny dan kemudian aku berpamitan kepada keluarga yang ramah Yevgeny. Vera bahkan menyiapkan sebuah tas kecil dengan permen, coklat, kue dan apel untuk subsisten dasar di kereta api. Aku naik kereta api tidak lama sebelum waktu keberangkatan, saat saya berhenti dan diperiksa oleh polisi. Paspor? Da. OVIR? Da. Dan aku pergi, setelah berpamitan dengan Yevgeny.

Kereta berangkat tepat waktu pada pukul 5:05, dan untuk melakukan perjalanan di Crimea menjadi “Ukraina yang tepat daratan”. Ini adalah “lahan kosong” sekali dari Novorossiya, di mana perang tanpa ampun antara Tatar dan Cossack mengosongkan tanah penduduk. Ada padang rumput yang luas pernah mendominasi cakrawala – lanskap tak berujung datar dengan apa-apa kecuali padang rumput dan Starfield bunga, yang monoton yang, menurut Anna Reid dalam perbatasan, kadang-kadang dipecahkan oleh pohon-pohon willow yang tersebar dan gundukan pemakaman prajurit nomaden kuno. Wisatawan pernah disebut lautan rumput bukan untuk alasan lain. Sungguh sayang bahwa saya hanya menyusuri sepanjang tepi selatan laut ini, yang dalam hal apapun, sebagian besar telah digantikan di masa Stalinis oleh besar pertanian kolektif tidak produktif dan tanah kosong industri sama-sama bangkrut.

Saya berbagi 4-orang kelas saya kabin tidur 2 (UAH 30 atau US $ 7) dengan pasangan muda asmara yang menghabiskan separuh waktu dalam pelukan masing-masing, dan yang tidak diragukan lagi telah pergi lebih lanjut dengan kasih sayang mereka jika tidak untuk kehadiran saya .. . Ketika saya bertanya apakah mereka tahu bahasa Inggris “Vi Gava ritye pa-angliski?”, Nyet adalah jawabannya. Tentu saja, akan Anda repot-repot untuk berbicara dengan seorang asing mencari membosankan ketika ada kesenangan duniawi lebih menyenangkan?

Itu hanya ketika saya terlihat mencoba menguraikan bagan rel jadwal yang saya diminta, dalam bahasa Inggris, apakah saya membutuhkan bantuan apapun. Jadi mereka tahu bahasa Inggris setelah semua.

“Da, sedikit,” jawab chap. Banyak orang dalam CIS sebenarnya belajar bahasa Inggris di sekolah tetapi kurangnya kesempatan untuk berlatih itu berarti bahwa mereka kurang percaya diri untuk berbicara bahasa bahkan jika seperti kesempatan muncul.

 Prangko  memperingati Paskah, festival tradisional paling penting di Ukraina.

Anton dan Anatashia sedang dalam perjalanan mereka kembali ke Odessa setelah liburan Yalta. Anton adalah dari Balti Moldova (diucapkan “Belt”) dan sekarang bekerja sebagai montir di Odessa. Anatashia adalah Ukraina, rumah-tumbuh Odessan, sekarang di sekolah pelatihan polisi. Mengingat begitu-jauh saya pengalaman negatif dengan polisi Ukraina, saya tidak bisa membantu tetapi bertanya-tanya berapa lama akan mengambil gadis, manis cantik untuk berubah menjadi jenis jahat, birokrat korup saya telah bertemu dalam perjalanan ini.


Kami memiliki percakapan yang menarik tentang kehidupan di Odessa, Krimea indah, pertempuran yang tidak pernah berakhir antara Moldova dan anggur Krimea (yang tentu saja Anton melawan Anatashia diadu), dan identitas membingungkan menjadi Moldovan atau Rumania. Sebelum lama, kami berbagi buah-buahan dan tidbits, dan Anton bahkan mengajari saya bagaimana untuk mengaktifkan Rusia, atau lebih tepatnya, untuk secara politis benar, toilet kereta tekan Ukraina, yang begitu berbeda dari keran lain saya telah melihat di tempat lain. Tidak ada bagi Anda untuk menghidupkan, tapi metalpiece pressable sedikit di belakang nozzle. Apa pengenalan tradisi Samovar besar kereta CIS – Saudara-saudara, WAKTU layanan teh MANDIRI !

 
 
 

ENGLISH VERSION

SUDAK   Yevgeny had suggested that I go to Marble Cave, but I was more attracted to the Genoese heritage of Crimea and the historic links with the Silk Road.  So, Sudak had to be the place to go before taking the evening train to Odessa.

The Trident, Ukraine’s national symbol. 

First appeared as the symbol of Prince Vladimir (Volodymir) of Kyiv.

We sped eastwards across the flat central Crimean plains.  Grassy patches, wheat fields and occasional bogs.  We also passed a town called Bilohirsk, or “White Mountain” – one could see the sharp vertical white cliffs rising up from the plains.  Some new Tatar villages stood nearby, with their lush vegetable fields, freshly painted walls and shiny conjugated roofs.  Many Tatars, however, remain in trailers and shacks, awaiting the completion of more permanent homes.  The Tatars have been forced to move into these unoccupied lands, since their ancestral houses are now occupied by the new comers.  I wonder if this is a good thing.  In effect, they are being ghettoised and live apart from the other ethnic groups of Crimea.  This may well put them on collision course with others, especially the local Russians.

Sudak’s impressive walls.

We reached Sudak after two hours of continuous driving.  An impressive 14th century ring of tall brown walls and towers stood on a seaside cliff overlooking this ancient town.  This was once one of Genoa’s most important trading ports, and one of the terminal points of the Silk Road.  The wealth of the East, carried across the plains and deserts of Eurasia, passes through Sudak on its way to Genoa and the West.  Marco Polo’s father and uncle reportedly stopped here on their way to China.  But the city’s history dated to a much earlier period before that.  Sudak started its existence as a Greek city, and was subsequently conquered, sacked and rebuilt by each of Crimea’s invaders – Scythians, Khazars, Mongols, Genoese, Venetians, Ottoman Turks/Tatars, and Russians.

  Stamps showing Scythian artifacts.

Neal Ascherson, in “Black Sea” mentioned about visiting an ancient Khazar tomb dug among Byzantine foundations here.  The Khazars were an ancient Turkic nomadic tribe who converted to Judaism in the 8th century AD, many of whom settled in Crimea and the Ukrainian plains, and traded the agricultural produce of the rich black soil for exuberant golden crafts of all kinds that the Greek craftsmen were famous for – adornments and jewelry, drinking vessels with their intricate carvings.  Given the fast-growing population of the small Greek city-states, it wasn’t long before they became highly dependent on the wheat of faraway colonies on the Black Sea coast and Sicily.  On the other hand, many Khazars lived near or within the Greek cities, acquiring a taste for the more sophisticated cosmopolitan lifestyle they offered.  The Khazar tomb Ascherson visited was unusual, for not only was it a Turkic burial performed with Jewish ritual in a Greek Orthodox Christian city, but that it also contained the skeleton of a human sacrifice.  According to Ascherson, “the victim – brained by an axe blow – was thrown into the tomb to lie beside its Khazar occupant” in true nomadic tribal traditions.

Sudak declined after the Ottoman capture of Constantinople and eventually of Sudak itself.  From an international trading port, it became a provincial agricultural administrative centre whose official records pertain to local farmland disputes rather than international geopolitics.  Its role was further diluted when the profitable slave trade was moved to nearby Kaffa, now known as Feodosia.

Old postcard of Crimea

Sudak is today a sleepy seaside resort, certainly none as exciting as Yalta.  A few sun-tanners lie on the beach, and some fun-seekers were water-skiing on its calm waters.  At Yevgeny’s urging, I joined holidaymakers at Novy Svet, or “New World”, an even sleepier resort a few miles away.  We walked along a narrow path on the water edge of a sea-clinging mountain, and found ourselves in a huge cave which was once the party hall of a local tycoon.  The Tsar, members of the nobility, the nouveau riche of Russia’s late 19th century industrialisation, the oil tycoons of Baku, the fashionable chic of High Society St Petersburg all fought to attend the legendary parties once held here.  One can still see remnants of the huge wine barrels and cellars in this party cave.  What about a bottle of vintage Massandra Sauvignon Blanc ?

“It was time to return to Simferopol,” Yevgeny said.  There wouldn’t be enough time to visit nearby Feodosia, where the Turks and Tatars once ran the largest slave market in the Black Sea region.  Kaffa, as it was then known, was frequently referred to by the Russians as “the vampire that drinks the blood of Rus”.
 

To Odessa

We had tasty borshch soup at Yevgeny’s home and then I bid farewell to Yevgeny’s hospitable family.  Vera even prepared a little bag with sweets, chocolates, cookies and apples for basic subsistence on the train.  I boarded the train not long before departure time, as I was stopped and examined by the police.  Passport ?  Da.  OVIR ?  Da. And off I went, after saying farewell to Yevgeny.

The train departed on time at 5:05pm, and was to travel across Crimea into “mainland Ukraine proper”.  This was the once “empty land” of Novorossiya, where the merciless wars between the Tatars and the Cossacks emptied the land of inhabitants.  There the wide steppes once dominated the horizon – flat endless landscape with nothing but prairie grass and starfield of flowers, the monotony of which, according to Anna Reid in Borderland, was occasionally broken by scattered willow trees and burial mounds of ancient nomadic warriors.  Travellers once called it the ocean of grass not for any other reason. It was a pity that I merely skirted along the southern edges of this ocean, which in any case, had been largely replaced in Stalinist times by massive unproductive collective farms and equally bankrupt industrial wasteland.

I shared my 4-person 2nd class sleeper cabin (UAH 30 or US$7) with an amorous young couple who spent half the time in each other’s arms, and who would no doubt have gone further with their affections if not for my presence…  When I asked them whether they knew English “Vi gava ritye pa-angliski ?”, Nyet was the reply.  Certainly, would you have bothered to speak to a boring looking foreigner when there were more enjoyable carnal pleasures ?

It was only when I was seen trying to decipher the rail schedule chart that I was asked, in English, whether I needed any assistance.  So they do know English after all.

“Da, a little,” the chap answered.  Many people in the CIS have actually studied English in schools but the lack of opportunity to practice it meant that they lack the confidence to speak the language even if such an opportunity arises.

Stamp commemorating the Easter, traditional the most important festival in Ukraine.

Anton and Anatashia were on their way back to Odessa after a Yalta holiday.  Anton is a Moldovan from Balti (pronounced “Belts”) and is now working as a mechanic in Odessa.  Anatashia is Ukrainian, a home-grown Odessan, now in police training school.  Given my so-far negative experiences with the Ukrainian police, I can’t help but wondered how long it would take this sweet, pretty girl to turn into the kind of nasty, corrupt bureaucrat I have bumped into on this trip.

We had an interesting conversation about life in Odessa, wonderful Crimea, the never-ending battle between Moldovan and Crimean wines (which of course pitted Anton against Anatashia), and the confusing identity of being Moldovan or Romanian.  Before long, we were sharing fruits and tidbits, and Anton even taught me how to turn on the Russian, or rather, to be politically correct, the Ukrainian train toilet tap, which is so different from any other taps I have seen elsewhere.  Nothing for you to turn on, but a little pressable metalpiece behind the nozzle.  What an introduction to the great samovar tradition of CIS trains – Gentlemen, it’s self-service tea-time !

the end @ copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

The sample of CD-ROM:”The Rare Phillatelic Thematic Collections”(koleksi Tematik filateli “

The Rare  Phillatelic Thematic Collections

Created By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Private limited edition in CD-ROM

special for Thematic Phillatelic Collectors

Jakarta 2011 @ copyrighr Dr Iwan 2011

INTRODUCTIONS

I started collecting stamps in 1955 at the age of ten years, first acquiring the stamp of the Italian priest in the form of cuttings Ganizaro old letters, based on this collection I started feeding a stamp collection that has a beautiful picture of Swiss design, especially the flora, fauna and natural scenery , then the collection develops after Pasto italy obtain a catalog of Italian who began collecting stamps is based on catalog prices were high that the Italian and swiss

KLIhatlah my profile with my teacher pack Sofyanto while in middle xekolah Upper Don Bosco Padang 1960-1963

Pengetahuna philatelic collection thematik me about the first time when I followed the practice of medicine at the Faculty of the University of Indonesia in 1970-1972 kedoktera

look at profile pictures always say that time that I use in each of my books as the beginning of nostalgia when given increased knowledge philatelic catalog Yvert and Tellier by my Uncle Drs Abdisa

look at my profile then

The biggest collection I have after I graduated and began the practice of medical education in Solok General West Sumatra, as it has funds to buy stamps at that time still relatively cheap, I memeproleh two major collections owned by collectors around the world in the old one album and a collection schauberk Switzerland .

Collection terseburt growing up as I went on to study a master S2 Hospital Administration 1989-1990 and continued during sya duty in West Kalimantan 1990-1994, and served in the Police Headquarters of the Republic of Indonesia 1994-2001

During the period of nearly fifty years I have read and my study of rare stamps thematik every night sebelu m tridur to understand her.

After retired  I start adventuring around asia for postal history and stamp collecting rare thematik, when my visit in 2008, when singah in Bangkok, say to find a book of stamps that acquiring thematik Large Gold medals in International competitions, because the book is very expensive at nearly U.S. $ 400 , – say the record just kind of say thematik breastfeeding use as the basis of electronic books CD-ROM.

Look at my profile before the war museum in Ho Chi Minh City

In 2010 I built a web blog for up to three

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

hhtp: / / http://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

hhtp: / / http://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com

hhtp: / / http://www.uniquecollection.wordpress.com

I have been showing a lot of my collection in Cybermuseum above.

I realize this is still a lot of paper ekurangannya, therefore, corrections and suggestions as well as additional information so I would expect

I thank the various parties who telang emndukungd memebrikan an encouragement to me to be able to menyelesiakan paper electronic book preformance CRF-ROM. May be useful for philatelists koletor thematik in developing the collection so the highest award DAPT Large Gold medal.

September 2010

Dr Iwan suwandy 

versi indonesia

saya mulai mengumpul prangko tahun 1955 pada usia sepuluh tahun, pertama kali memeroleh prangko dari pastor Italia Ganizaro berupa guntingan surat-surat lama, berdasarkan koleksi ini mulailah saya menyusu suatu koleksi prangko yang memiliki gambar yang indah terutama dari Swiss desain flora,fauna dan pemandangan alamnya, kemudian koleksi berkembang setelah memeperoleh katalogus dari Pasto italy mulailah mengumpulkan prangko Italia yang harganya tinggi berdasarkan katalogus Italia dan swiss tersebut

KLIhatlah profile saya dengan guru saya pak Sofyanto saat di xekolah menengah Atas Don Bosco di Padang 1960-1963

Pengetahuna saya tentang koleksi filateli  thematik pertama kali saat saya mengikuti praktek kedokteran di Fakultas kedoktera Universitas indonesia tahun 1970-1972

lihatlah foto profile say saat tersebut yang selalu saya pergunakan di setiap buku saya sebagai nostalgia mulainya peningkatan pengetahuan filateli saat diberikan katalogus Yvert and Tellier oleh Paman saya Drs Abdisa

lihatlah profile saya saat itu

Koleksi terbesar saya miliki setelah saya tamat pendidikan kedokteran dan mulai praktek Umum di Solok Sumatera barat,karena memiliki dana untuk membeli prangko yang saat itu masih relatif  murah harganya,saya memeproleh dua koleksi besar milik kolektor lama satu seluruh dunia dalam album schaubek dan satu koleksi Swiss.

KOleksi terseburt berkembang sampai saat saya melanjutkan studi S2 master Hospital Administration tahun 1989-1990 dan dilanjutkan saat sya bertugas di kalimatan Barat 1990-1994,dan bertugas di Markas Besar Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia 1994-2001 

Selama kurun waktu hampir lima puluh tahun saya membaca dan memepelajari prangko thematik yang langka setiap malam sebelu m tridur sampai memahami nya.

Setealh pensiun say mulai bertualang keliling asia untuk mengumpulkan postal history dan prangko thematik langka,saat kunjungan saya tahun 2008,saat singah di Bangkok,saya menemukan sebuah buku tentang prangko thematik yang memeroleh medali large Gold pada perlombaan International,karena buku sangat mahal hampir US $ 400,- say mencatat saja jenis thematik yang say jadikan dasar penyusuan buku elektronik CD-ROM ini.

Lihatlah profile saya didepan museum perang di Ho chi Minh City

Pada tahun 2010 saya membangun web blog sampai tiga

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com

hhtp://www.uniquecollection.wordpress.com

Saya telah menampilkan banyak koleksi saya di Cybermuseum tersebut diatas.

Saya menyadari  karya tulis ini masih banyak ekurangannya,oleh karena itu koreksi dan saran serta tambahan informasi sangat saya harapkan

Saya mengucapkan terima kasih kepada berbagai pihak yang telang emndukungd an memebrikan semangat kepada saya untuk dapat menyelesiakan karya tulis buku elektronik dalm CRF-ROM ini. Semoga ada manfaatnya bagi koletor filatelis thematik dalam mengembangkan koleksinya sehingga dapt memperoleh penghargaan tertinggi medali Large Gold.

Jakarta Agustus 2010

Dr Iwan suwandy

The Type of phillatelic Thematic Collections

(JENIS KOLEKSI FILATELIK THEMATIK)

Gold medal thematic phillatelic collection

A.Thema koleksi Filateli Pemenang Medali Emas pada Pameran Filateli Internatinal (?,2007)


a. The History Of A Mankind
b.The Discovery And Manifactures
c. The Society
d.The Nature
e.The Competition Sport

The  rare Phillatelic Thematic collection

(KOLEKSI THEMATIK YANG LANGKA)

I.The History Of A Mankind

1).Prehistory,

2).The Babarian and The Birth Of The Mankind

3)The Conquers of Countries,

4).The Birth Of Nation,

5).The War, Revolution and The Construction of Nation.

 

1) Prehistory (100 BC-4 ct AD)


a) Antiquity Prehistory,

b)Prehistoric Man ,

c)Ancient Egypt and Persian,

d)Greco-Roman World,

e)Ancient China.

2).The Barbarian to the birth of Modern Time(VI-XVI cth)

a)The Invader and Setter,

b)The Knight

c)The Silk Road

d)The Golden Age of Islam ,

e)The Renaissance and tha war of religion.

 
3)The Conquers of Countries and The new Wish(XVII-XVIII Cth)

a).The Ocean Discover,

the USA colombus exposition five dollar

b)The Spanish Conquer the new World,

c)The Colonies of North America and The Caribean,

d)The Indian and Pasific Ocean.

4) The Birth of Nation(XVII_XIX Cth)

a)The Birth of USA,

b)The Franch Revolution &amp; Napoleon War ,

c)The Nation State of Europe,

d)The South America Independence ,

e)The Colonial Empire.with the lion king emblem
 

the british east africa colony lion king emblem

5)The War,Revolution and Construction of Nation(XIX-XXcth)

a) The War World I,

b) The Worlf War II,

c)The Soviet Revolution

 

d)The Comunisme,

e)The Rise of Islam,

f)The Construction of Euro,APEC,Arab,Africa and America,

g) The Regionaol War,Democratic Socialism and Humanright

 

b. The Discovery and Manifactures

1)The Transportation’s Discovery :

a)The Ship

the rare trinidad lady Mc Leod black stamp

b)The Train

the rare  peru train local lima first stamp.

c)The Bicycle and Motorbike,

d)The Aircraft,

e)The Nature Wrath.

 
2).The Discovery Inovation and Technology:

a)The Postal Invention and technology,

b)The Comunication Telephone , radio ,television ,

 

c)he Roads and Canals,

 

d)The bridge and Dams

 

the rare Sidney bridge 5 shilling  on postally cover.

e)The Medicine and Biology ,

f)The Conquers of Space,

g)The conques of Poles and Ocean.

 

3. The Society


a) The Jobs and Social life

b) The Education and Laisure,

c)The Environtmen ,Health and HumanRight ,

d)The Human Habitat,

e) The Believe and Costume ,

f) Festival and national Costume.

 

1) The Job and Social Life


a)Farming and Animal custodian ,

b)Fishing ,

c)military ,

d)public force ,

e)legal & prosecutor ,

f)family ,

g)industrial community(labor),

h)management administration ,

i) The entertainment.

 

2).The Education and Leisure:

a)Mother &Child,

b) Education &Teacher ,

c)Children’s Games and toys ,

d)Parlor games &Board games ,

e)Food &Drink,

f) Seaside & laguna.

 

3) The Einvirontmen, health and HumanRight


a)Preservation the environtment,

b) First aid & Medical care,

c) The battles against diseases ,

d) National health &safety company,

the rare new zealand first health fund stamps

e)the health status image of world.

4) The Human Habitat:


a)House & Village,

b)Desert,Rural,Urban and Town,

c) Monumen ,castle and palace.

d) Park,forest,and garden ,

e)Public building,

f) Major Cities and their monumen

5)The Believe and Costume:


a)World religius : Islam.budha.Hindu ,Christian ,

b)prophet ,

c)Place of praying: Pagoda,tample,cathedral,and mosque

d) Monk,missionaris,and rabi ,

e)Ritual of believe.

 

6) The Art work,Festival and Costume:


a) Art & culture ,

b) Jewelery ,

c)Work Art: Paint and sclupture ,

d) Literature.

 

b.The Nature


1)The Mineral,Fossil,and Prehistoric adnexa,

2)The Flora ,

3)The Fauna.

 

c.The Competitive Sport


1) The Land Sport ,

2) The Water Sport,

3) The Areal Sport.

1) The Land sport:

a)The Summer Olympic ,

b)atheletic ,

c)Gymnastic ,

d)soccer

e)Rugby,

f)Basketball ,

g) Lawn Tennis &Table Tennis ,

h)Baseball ,

i)Golf ,

 j) Polo,

k)Horse riding ,

l)Badminton.

 

2) The Water Sport:
a) Swimming,

b)sailing,

c)papan luncur
3)The areal Sport :
a)Bycicle , Motorbike and car rally ,

b)Combat sport ,

c) traditional sport

added new topic:

Scout

libyan scouts 1962 envelope with stamps

 

 

 

 

 

THE END @ copyright Dr iwan suwandy.2011

THE COMPLETE LIMITED TEN EDITION CR-ROM STILL IN PROCESSING,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED FROM NOW VIA COMMENT. 

The Moamer Gadhafi Collections Part Three:”The Last Lybian Tyran”

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

The Moamer Gadhafi Collections

Part Three

The Falling Of Lybian Tyrans

Moamer Gadhafi

Created By

 Iwan suwandy

Private Limited Edition for Computer Collectors.

BREAKING NEWS MOAMER GADHAFY DEAD AT SIRTE

 OCTOBER 2011,

 

 

 I.THE LAST GADHAFI CARICATURES COLLECTIONS

II. THE LAST GADHAFI PICTURES COLLECTIONS

III, THE LYBIAN REBEL WINS PICTURES COLECTIONS

IV.THE RARE  LAST GADHAFI COLLECTIONS

the complete illustrations exist ,but only for premium member , pleas subscribe via comment.

the end @ Copyright Iwan Suwandy 2011

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War Book and CD-ROM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR 1945-1950

Based On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collection

                   

                          

                              CREATED BY Dr IWAN S

                                                      

                                Limited edition 100 expls

        Private Publication Special for Collectors member

                                     Jakarta,2012                                                                                   

@copyright Dr Iwan S ,201hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR WAR 1945-1950

Edisi Terbatas 100 eksp

Publikasi Pribadi Khusus untuk Kolektor postal Histori

Penulis : Dr Iwan S

Editor  : Anton J.S.

Penyunting : Lily W.

Photographer : Albert SDO & INDRA SANUSI

NAMA PEMILIK: Dr Iwan S

NO. PERCOBAAN 001

@Copyright Dr Iwan S 2011

 

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

Copyright @ Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

PS.THE common economic 100 CDand lux complte special  CD_ROM  only ten CDexist now,please suncribed via comment.

INTRODUCTION

PREFACE-PENGANTAR

1.The Situation of Indonesia Indepennce Revolution and war  1945-195o, many written by  local and overseas writers , but based on factual information from a collection of documents and personal items have not been many posts that were written by authors from Indonesia by using the Indonesian language and Britain, this is because not many people Indonesia, which has documents and objects that heading, generally in Indonesia  were burned out or destroyed when displaced, and at the end broken from floods. Generally when the result of the political situation during the Indonesian Independence Revolution and War  1945-195o in general people are very afraid to keep personal records related to war that could become evidence of their involvement as kolaburator Dutch Nica or republic  soldiers and troops fighter  will accuse they spy from each side in their area   with the consequent adverse to the document or collections owner.

  Situasi revolusi dan Perang Kemerdeaan Indonesia  1945-1950,sudah banyak ditulis oleh  penulis dalam dan luar luar negeri, tetapi yang berdasarkan informasi factual dari koleksi dokumen and benda pos pribadi belum banyak yang ditulis oleh pengarang dari Indonesia dengan mengunakan bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Ingris, hal ini karena tidak banyak bangsa Indonesia yang memiliki dokumen-dokumen and benda pos tersebut ,umumnya  habis dibakar atau musnah saat mengungsi ,dan paling akhir rusak akibat banjir. Umumnya saat tersebut akibat situasi politis saat perang  kemerdekaan Indonesia  1945-1950 ,pada umumnya rakyat Indonesia sangat takut menyimpan arsip pribadi terkait perang tersebut  yang dapat menjadi bukti mereka terlibat sebagai kolaburator tentara  Belanda Nica atau  dan pasukan Repoeblik Indonesia , Tentara Belanda Nica atau Tentara repoeblik Indonesia   akan menuduh mereka mata-mata   dengan akibat yang  merugikan sipemilik.

2.One of a rare republic Indonesia Sumatra   postalcard   one year Indonesian Independence have found by the writers at  Bukittinggi in 1985, and this rare collections had gave the motivation to write the special book for Indonesian,Japan and Dutch  postal history collectors and another collectors from all over the world. Please look that cover illustration below.

Salah satu koleksi langka kartu pos pos Sumatra peringatan satu tahun merdeka  yang ditemui oleh penulis di Bukittinggi tahun 1985 , dan koleksi langka ini  memberikan motivasi untuk menulis suatu buku khusus untuk kolektor phillatelis di Indonesia,Jepang dan Belanda  serta kolektor  lainnya.dari seluruh dunia.

3.After Indonesian Independence revolution and war finish and Indonesia became  the unity Republic Indonesia in 1950 , many stamp and postal history collectors Collected     the collection as the factual fact of history, one of the Dutch biggest collector Mr Vrijdag  asking Mr V.Esbensen to made the catalogue of his very amazing collections.and some of my collection also be the based ,mr V.Esbensen told me what you are doing will be the great collections if your country became development country.    In 1985, Mr PR Bulterman     from dutch visit me in Padang,when he look at my collections he told me how amazing that collections, he want to bought because some of the collectionnhe never seen before , but I did not want to sell to him, but in 1988 I sold several collections To Mr Karel from Jakarta Indonesia because  I need fund to move and study to Jakarta,  but the illustration of collections I still have,and after that in 1994 I am starting to collect again until now, the biggest colletion will be the based on this book including postal history stamp and revenue, numismatic ,document and picture collections       

 

  Setelah Kemerdekaan Indonesia revolusi dan perang selesai dan Indonesia menjadi kesatuan Republik Indonesia pada tahun 1950, banyak cap pos dan kolektor sejarah Dikumpulkan koleksi sebagai kenyataan faktual sejarah, salah satu yang terbesar kolektor Mr Belanda Vrijdag meminta Mr V. Esbensen untuk dibuat katalog dari collections.and nya sangat menakjubkan beberapa koleksi saya juga berdasarkan, mr V. Esbensen mengatakan kepada saya apa yang Anda lakukan akan menjadi koleksi besar jika negara anda menjadi negara pembangunan.Pada tahun 1985, Bapak PR Bulterman dari belanda mengunjungi saya di Padang, ketika ia melihat koleksi saya dia mengatakan saya bagaimana menakjubkan yang koleksi, dia ingin membeli karena beberapa collectionnhe tidak pernah terlihat sebelumnya, tetapi saya tidak ingin menjual kepadanya, namun pada tahun 1988 saya menjual beberapa koleksi untuk Bapak Karel dari Jakarta Indonesia karena saya membutuhkan dana untuk bergerak dan studi ke Jakarta, namun ilustrasi koleksi saya masih punya, dan setelah itu pada tahun 1994 saya mulai mengumpulkan lagi sampai sekarang, colletion terbesar akan didasarkan pada buku ini termasuk sejarah perangko pos dan pendapatan, numismatik, dokumen dan koleksi gambar        .                               

                               

4.In 2009 I am starting to write a simple story and add in my internet blog with the same name with historic  chronolic ,many comment and asked me to edit this simple story with more interesting style and illustrated with more professional photography..

 Tahun 2009 penulis memulai suatu tulisan sederhana sebagai pecobaan, di tampilkan dalam suatu blog internet dengan nama yang sama dengan penampilan kronologis historis, banyak tanggapan dan saran agar penulis mengedit dan menyusun tulisan yang lebih sederhan dengan gaya ,cerita yang lebih menarik dilengkapi illustrasi koleksi yang tehnik fotografi yang canggih.

5.The professional writing starting in June 2010 until august  2012 ,with more professional proposal help by the professional team editor,layout and photography, as the firs issue in Private productions limited 100 expl in CR-Rom.

Penulisan dimulai bulan Juni 2011 sampai Augustus 2012  dengan rencana yang lebih matang dibantu oleh suatu tim editor,layout dan,photography ,sebagai penerbitan pertama secara pribadi akan di terbitkan edisi terbatas  100 eksemplar dalam CR-ROM

6.I know that this book have many lack of information and written technologically , that is why I need more comment and corrections to made this book more complete and more best performance in the future.

Penulis menyadari buku ini masih banyak kekurangan dan kekeliruan sehingga diharapkan koreksi ,saran dan tambahan informasi agar dapat disempurnakan.

8.Thanks very much to all my friends for their comment that made this book created as the proposal on time, and will lauching in order to celebrate  the67th Indonesia Indepedence day August 17thth 2012 may be  at International Phillatelic Exhibition Indonesia 20122  at June 2012 , I am sorry I cannot listed the name of my friends here.without then this book cannot write in good and interesting, also takns very much to my collectors who visit my three internet Web Blog site

hhtp://www. unqiecollections.wordpress.com ,  hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com.  hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada teman-teman yang telah memberikan komentar dan saran sehingga penerbitan buku ini dapat terlaksana sesuai rencana, akan di luncurkan dalam rangka  hari kemerdekaan Indonesia  ke 67 ,17 Agustus  2012, mungkin diluncurkan saat pameran filateli International Indonesia 2012 bulan juni 2012 , karena berbagai hal nama-nama teman-teman tersebut belum dpat di sebut satu-persatu, tanpa mereka karya tulis ini tidak mungkin dapatDitulis dengan baik dan menarik. Juga terima kasih kepada para kolektor setia dari blog saya di Internet.

Jakarta  April 2011

The writer/Penulis

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA 

THE Dr IWAN MASTERPICE INDONESIA INDEPENDECE REVOLUTION AND WAR GEMS COLLECTIONS

This collection never show before,the special art illustration by Albert Suwandy,STGea only on the LUX CD_ROM,special for premium member,only limited edition 100 CD_ROM,subscribe fast via comment

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com.

Starting in 1970 until 1990, Indonesia’s economic situation improved and thrived which made government was able to build government buildings ranging from Government office, the mayor’s office, post office, the Office of the court, in addition to offices such as State-Owned Enterprises Pawn Office, PERTAMINA, Hospital  including the building of University, elementary school, junior high schools, high schools and so on.
Construction of the above not only in the form of restoration, but also overhauling the old and established banguna banguna new. This situation causes many  archival letters, documents and old photos scorching earth, but many also sold as scrap paper in kilogram.
Dr Iwan very lucky, the first time in 1970 while completing education at the University of Indonesia Faculty Medicine   found philatelic collection , some rare old books and documents of the Revolution and War 1945-1950  Indonesian republic, and currently serving in West Sumatra , West Kalimantan and Headquarters Indonesia National Police (police Headquarter), while on duty to development Hospitals throughout the area police (Polda) Indonesia also found the rare  gems collection.

Indonesian version:

Mulai tahun 1970 sampai 1990 , situasi ekonomi Indonesia meningkat dan berkembang dengan pesat sehinnga pemerintah mampu membangun  gedung pemerintahan mulai dari kantor Gurbenur,kantor walikota, kantor Pos,Kantor pengadilan dan Balai Peninggalan Harta(Weskameer) ,selain itu juga kantor Badan Usaha Milik Negara seperti Kantor Pegadaian, PERTAMINA, Rumah Sakit  termasuk juga pembangunan Univeritas, sekolah dasar,Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas dan sebagainya.

Pembangunan tersebut diatas tidak hanya dalam bentuk pemugaran ,tetapi juga merombak banguna lama dan mendirikan banguna baru. Situasi ini menyebabkan b anyak arsip surat-surat,dokumen dan foto lama dibumi hanguskan ,tetapi banyak juga dijual sebagai kertas bekas secara kiloan.

Dr Iwan sangat beruntung ,pertama kali tahun 1970 saat menyelesaikan pendidikan di Fakultas Kdoktera Universitas Indonesia menemukan beberapa koleksi filateli dan dokumen serta buku lama dari masa Revolusi dan perang kemerdejkaan republic Indonesia 1945-1950, dan saat bertugas di Sumatera Barat  dan Kalimantan Barat serta Markas Besar Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesi(MABES POLRI) ,saat melaksakan tugas pengembangan Rumah sakit Kepolisian di seluruh daerah(POLDA) Indonesia juga menemukan  koleksi tersebut.

Dr Iwan Masterpiece  Jewel Collection which is a good form of philately stamp, seal, and the document is as follows

Masterpiece Koleksi Dr Iwan yang merupakan Permata Koleksi Filateli baik berupa prangko,meterai , dan dokumen adalah sebagai berikut:

1.The  Phillatelic gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had power Given By  British allied forces

(1) The Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps used off cover CDS in Nippon Character Pa_da_n(g) 20(1945).8(august).17.EX collection Apothecery from Padang 1945 until 2009,and Dr Iwan Collections 2009 until now.

 

(2)The Dai Nippon Java Military Postcard used with Dai Nippon Java stamps send from Djatinegara CDS August,18th.1945 to Magelang,one day after Indonesia independence Proclamations Dai Nippon still had power on Post office.this collection found by Jatinegara fleamarket in 1996 and bough by Dr Iwan still until now.

 

 

b.During Transition Period

(1) NRI used Dai Nippon stamps without Overprint

(2) NRI handchoped or handwritten pen line,typewriter overprint

(a)Typewritter machine

 (b)Handchoped

(b)Hand written pen line

 (3) NRI  Machinal Overprint

(4) Indonesia Independence anniversary special card from West Sumatra

(a) 1946

V.Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in postally used,this card found by dr iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR Bulterman in 1985,he said this card were swap and burn all ,oh amazing still found the used one, this used in May.2nd.1947 from Priaman to Kajoetanam the NRI area due to Lingarjati conference agreement,the border line at Loeboek aloeng.In 1989 Dr Iwan sold this rare card US$1500,- to Mr Karel and in 2009 he sold at Tangerang Auction(TMA) but no one bought in his price US$5000,- and then put at Van dieten auction ,the  card move abroad ,but I donnot know the letetst owner.

(b)1947

V Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in Postally Used , this card found by Dr Iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR BUlterman ,he said this card were swap and burn by Dutch NICA soldier,oh amazing still found in postally  used condition sedn from Batoesangkar June,2nd.1948 to Boekittinggi , in 1989 this card sold to Mr Karel US$1500,- and in in 2009 he sold at TMA Auction but no buyer, and the sold at Van dieten Auction Netherland but I donnot know who bought this card,the card now going abdrod for the first time.

2. The Revenue Gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had Power Given By British allied forces.

 

b. During Trasition Period

(1) NRI Used dai Nippon sumatera revenue  without overprint as revenue

(2) Stamp Used as revenue:

 (a)Sumatra Overprint NRI Stamps as revenue

(b)Java

 

(3)NRI Overprint on Dai Nippon Revenue

(4)NRI new Currency F big = 100 f

5)NRI New Rupiah R = 100 f

3.  The Numismatic Gems

(a) Error Printing Papermoney

(b)Legalized NRI Banknoted

4.The art Photography Gems

5.The Old Books Gems

TABLE OF CONTENT

I.Part One   Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

1)Prolog in August 1945

1.July 1945

 (1)DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA’S  JULY CALENDER

THE  DAI NIPPON MILITARY OCCUPATION JAVA’S CALENDER COLLECTION , JULY  2605 (1945) with few days of August , THE LAST MONTH BEFORE SURRENDER TO THE ALLIED ARMED FORCES, AND THE BACK OF THIS CALENDER A NOTE HANDWRITTEN Married 16/7-1941 no.124 at Soerabaja.

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

(, if some have the other month,  August until December ‘s Calender please show us-auth).

14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage. 

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement

 
Dutch prisoners just after release from a Japanese concentration camp, 1945.Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire. 

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

2)17 August 1945

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the documents signatories.

In 1945 when the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed on August 17, 1945, Daan Mogot become a prominent leader of the Security Barisan Rakyat (BKR) and TKR (People’s Security Army) with the rank of Major. This is a unique at that time, Major Daan Mogot was only 16 years!

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia

II.Part Two Indonesia Independence Revolution and War in 1946

III.Part Three Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1947

IV.Part four Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

V.Part Five Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

 

 

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence Revolution and War in 1950

 

 @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

THE LIST OF PICTURES

I.Part One Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

 

II.Part Two Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1946

 

This elegant old building was designed by the Javanese architect R. Sindutomo in 1923. During in 1923. During World war II it was  used by the occupying Japanese forces as their headquarters. Following the Japanese surrender it became the temporary location of the original radio republic Indonesia , before the bank was founded in 1946. The building is dituated at the southern end of jalan Ahmad Yani, next to the Central Post Office

 

III. Indonesian Independence Revolution and War in 1947

 

IV. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

V. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1950

The ends@copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011’.

PS.This is the uncomplete Illustration CD-ROM for promotion,chepeast US$150,- limited edition only 100 CD-Rom, if the specialist collectors want to get the LUX CD-ROM with full illustrations,please subscribe via comment in my web blog

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com,only ten CD-ROM ,priced US$300,- ,will issued June 2012 during International philatelic exhibition at Jkarta Indonesia 2011Please donnot copy without mDr Iwan written permission, if you copy without permission I will sue You!!!!!! Because you are against the LAW (HAKI)(Dr IwanNote)

Driwan private issued CD-ROM:”The Indonesia Independence Revolution and War Collections 1945-1950

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR 1945-1950

Based On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collection

                   

                             

                              CREATED BY Dr IWAN S

                                                                      

                                Limited edition 100 expls

        Private Publication Special for Collectors member

                                     Jakarta,2012                                                                                   

@copyright Dr Iwan S ,201hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR WAR 1945-1950

Edisi Terbatas 100 eksp

Publikasi Pribadi Khusus untuk Kolektor postal Histori

Penulis : Dr Iwan S

Editor  : Anton J.S.

Penyunting : Lily W.

Photographer : Albert SDO & INDRA SANUSI

NAMA PEMILIK: Dr Iwan S

NO. PERCOBAAN 001

@Copyright Dr Iwan S 2011

 

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

Copyright @ Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL ,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.in CD_ROM

INTRODUCTION

PREFACE-PENGANTAR

1.The Situation of Indonesia Indepennce Revolution and war  1945-195o, many written by  local and overseas writers , but based on factual information from a collection of documents and personal items have not been many posts that were written by authors from Indonesia by using the Indonesian language and Britain, this is because not many people Indonesia, which has documents and objects that heading, generally in Indonesia  were burned out or destroyed when displaced, and at the end broken from floods. Generally when the result of the political situation during the Indonesian Independence Revolution and War  1945-195o in general people are very afraid to keep personal records related to war that could become evidence of their involvement as kolaburator Dutch Nica or republic  soldiers and troops fighter  will accuse they spy from each side in their area   with the consequent adverse to the document or collections owner.

  Situasi revolusi dan Perang Kemerdeaan Indonesia  1945-1950,sudah banyak ditulis oleh  penulis dalam dan luar luar negeri, tetapi yang berdasarkan informasi factual dari koleksi dokumen and benda pos pribadi belum banyak yang ditulis oleh pengarang dari Indonesia dengan mengunakan bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Ingris, hal ini karena tidak banyak bangsa Indonesia yang memiliki dokumen-dokumen and benda pos tersebut ,umumnya  habis dibakar atau musnah saat mengungsi ,dan paling akhir rusak akibat banjir. Umumnya saat tersebut akibat situasi politis saat perang  kemerdekaan Indonesia  1945-1950 ,pada umumnya rakyat Indonesia sangat takut menyimpan arsip pribadi terkait perang tersebut  yang dapat menjadi bukti mereka terlibat sebagai kolaburator tentara  Belanda Nica atau  dan pasukan Repoeblik Indonesia , Tentara Belanda Nica atau Tentara repoeblik Indonesia   akan menuduh mereka mata-mata   dengan akibat yang  merugikan sipemilik.

2.One of a rare republic Indonesia Sumatra   postalcard   one year Indonesian Independence have found by the writers at  Bukittinggi in 1985, and this rare collections had gave the motivation to write the special book for Indonesian,Japan and Dutch  postal history collectors and another collectors from all over the world. Please look that cover illustration below.

Salah satu koleksi langka kartu pos pos Sumatra peringatan satu tahun merdeka  yang ditemui oleh penulis di Bukittinggi tahun 1985 , dan koleksi langka ini  memberikan motivasi untuk menulis suatu buku khusus untuk kolektor phillatelis di Indonesia,Jepang dan Belanda  serta kolektor  lainnya.dari seluruh dunia.

3.After Indonesian Independence revolution and war finish and Indonesia became  the unity Republic Indonesia in 1950 , many stamp and postal history collectors Collected     the collection as the factual fact of history, one of the Dutch biggest collector Mr Vrijdag  asking Mr V.Esbensen to made the catalogue of his very amazing collections.and some of my collection also be the based ,mr V.Esbensen told me what you are doing will be the great collections if your country became development country.    In 1985, Mr PR Bulterman     from dutch visit me in Padang,when he look at my collections he told me how amazing that collections, he want to bought because some of the collectionnhe never seen before , but I did not want to sell to him, but in 1988 I sold several collections To Mr Karel from Jakarta Indonesia because  I need fund to move and study to Jakarta,  but the illustration of collections I still have,and after that in 1994 I am starting to collect again until now, the biggest colletion will be the based on this book including postal history stamp and revenue, numismatic ,document and picture collections       

 

  Setelah Kemerdekaan Indonesia revolusi dan perang selesai dan Indonesia menjadi kesatuan Republik Indonesia pada tahun 1950, banyak cap pos dan kolektor sejarah Dikumpulkan koleksi sebagai kenyataan faktual sejarah, salah satu yang terbesar kolektor Mr Belanda Vrijdag meminta Mr V. Esbensen untuk dibuat katalog dari collections.and nya sangat menakjubkan beberapa koleksi saya juga berdasarkan, mr V. Esbensen mengatakan kepada saya apa yang Anda lakukan akan menjadi koleksi besar jika negara anda menjadi negara pembangunan.Pada tahun 1985, Bapak PR Bulterman dari belanda mengunjungi saya di Padang, ketika ia melihat koleksi saya dia mengatakan saya bagaimana menakjubkan yang koleksi, dia ingin membeli karena beberapa collectionnhe tidak pernah terlihat sebelumnya, tetapi saya tidak ingin menjual kepadanya, namun pada tahun 1988 saya menjual beberapa koleksi untuk Bapak Karel dari Jakarta Indonesia karena saya membutuhkan dana untuk bergerak dan studi ke Jakarta, namun ilustrasi koleksi saya masih punya, dan setelah itu pada tahun 1994 saya mulai mengumpulkan lagi sampai sekarang, colletion terbesar akan didasarkan pada buku ini termasuk sejarah perangko pos dan pendapatan, numismatik, dokumen dan koleksi gambar        .                               

  

 

 

                              

4.In 2009 I am starting to write a simple story and add in my internet blog with the same name with historic  chronolic ,many comment and asked me to edit this simple story with more interesting style and illustrated with more professional photography..

 Tahun 2009 penulis memulai suatu tulisan sederhana sebagai pecobaan, di tampilkan dalam suatu blog internet dengan nama yang sama dengan penampilan kronologis historis, banyak tanggapan dan saran agar penulis mengedit dan menyusun tulisan yang lebih sederhan dengan gaya ,cerita yang lebih menarik dilengkapi illustrasi koleksi yang tehnik fotografi yang canggih.

5.The professional writing starting in June 2010 until august  2012 ,with more professional proposal help by the professional team editor,layout and photography, as the firs issue in Private productions limited 100 expl in CR-Rom.

Penulisan dimulai bulan Juni 2011 sampai Augustus 2012  dengan rencana yang lebih matang dibantu oleh suatu tim editor,layout dan,photography ,sebagai penerbitan pertama secara pribadi akan di terbitkan edisi terbatas  100 eksemplar dalam CR-ROM

6.I know that this book have many lack of information and written technologically , that is why I need more comment and corrections to made this book more complete and more best performance in the future.

Penulis menyadari buku ini masih banyak kekurangan dan kekeliruan sehingga diharapkan koreksi ,saran dan tambahan informasi agar dapat disempurnakan.

8.Thanks very much to all my friends for their comment that made this book created as the proposal on time, and will lauching in order to celebrate  the67th Indonesia Indepedence day August 17thth 2012 may be  at International Phillatelic Exhibition Indonesia 20122  at June 2012 , I am sorry I cannot listed the name of my friends here.without then this book cannot write in good and interesting, also takns very much to my collectors who visit my three internet Web Blog site

hhtp://www. unqiecollections.wordpress.com ,  hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com.  hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada teman-teman yang telah memberikan komentar dan saran sehingga penerbitan buku ini dapat terlaksana sesuai rencana, akan di luncurkan dalam rangka  hari kemerdekaan Indonesia  ke 67 ,17 Agustus  2012, mungkin diluncurkan saat pameran filateli International Indonesia 2012 bulan juni 2012 , karena berbagai hal nama-nama teman-teman tersebut belum dpat di sebut satu-persatu, tanpa mereka karya tulis ini tidak mungkin dapatDitulis dengan baik dan menarik. Juga terima kasih kepada para kolektor setia dari blog saya di Internet.

Jakarta  April 2011

The writer/Penulis

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE Dr IWAN MASTERPICE INDONESIA INDEPENDECE REVOLUTION AND WAR GEMS COLLECTIONS

This collection never show before,the special art illustration by Albert Suwandy,STGea only on the LUX CD_ROM,special for premium member,only limited edition 100 CD_ROM,subscribe fast via comment

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com.

Starting in 1970 until 1990, Indonesia’s economic situation improved and thrived which made government was able to build government buildings ranging from Government office, the mayor’s office, post office, the Office of the court, in addition to offices such as State-Owned Enterprises Pawn Office, PERTAMINA, Hospital  including the building of University, elementary school, junior high schools, high schools and so on.
Construction of the above not only in the form of restoration, but also overhauling the old and established banguna banguna new. This situation causes many  archival letters, documents and old photos scorching earth, but many also sold as scrap paper in kilogram.
Dr Iwan very lucky, the first time in 1970 while completing education at the University of Indonesia Faculty Medicine   found philatelic collection , some rare old books and documents of the Revolution and War 1945-1950  Indonesian republic, and currently serving in West Sumatra , West Kalimantan and Headquarters Indonesia National Police (police Headquarter), while on duty to development Hospitals throughout the area police (Polda) Indonesia also found the rare  gems collection.

Indonesian version:

Mulai tahun 1970 sampai 1990 , situasi ekonomi Indonesia meningkat dan berkembang dengan pesat sehinnga pemerintah mampu membangun  gedung pemerintahan mulai dari kantor Gurbenur,kantor walikota, kantor Pos,Kantor pengadilan dan Balai Peninggalan Harta(Weskameer) ,selain itu juga kantor Badan Usaha Milik Negara seperti Kantor Pegadaian, PERTAMINA, Rumah Sakit  termasuk juga pembangunan Univeritas, sekolah dasar,Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas dan sebagainya.

Pembangunan tersebut diatas tidak hanya dalam bentuk pemugaran ,tetapi juga merombak banguna lama dan mendirikan banguna baru. Situasi ini menyebabkan b anyak arsip surat-surat,dokumen dan foto lama dibumi hanguskan ,tetapi banyak juga dijual sebagai kertas bekas secara kiloan.

Dr Iwan sangat beruntung ,pertama kali tahun 1970 saat menyelesaikan pendidikan di Fakultas Kdoktera Universitas Indonesia menemukan beberapa koleksi filateli dan dokumen serta buku lama dari masa Revolusi dan perang kemerdejkaan republic Indonesia 1945-1950, dan saat bertugas di Sumatera Barat  dan Kalimantan Barat serta Markas Besar Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesi(MABES POLRI) ,saat melaksakan tugas pengembangan Rumah sakit Kepolisian di seluruh daerah(POLDA) Indonesia juga menemukan  koleksi tersebut.

 

 

Dr Iwan Masterpiece  Jewel Collection which is a good form of philately stamp, seal, and the document is as follows

Masterpiece Koleksi Dr Iwan yang merupakan Permata Koleksi Filateli baik berupa prangko,meterai , dan dokumen adalah sebagai berikut:

 

 

 

1.The  Phillatelic gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had power Given By  British allied forces

(1) The Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps used off cover CDS in Nippon Character Pa_da_n(g) 20(1945).8(august).17.EX collection Apothecery from Padang 1945 until 2009,and Dr Iwan Collections 2009 until now.

 

(2)The Dai Nippon Java Military Postcard used with Dai Nippon Java stamps send from Djatinegara CDS August,18th.1945 to Magelang,one day after Indonesia independence Proclamations Dai Nippon still had power on Post office.this collection found by Jatinegara fleamarket in 1996 and bough by Dr Iwan still until now.

 

 

b.During Transition Period

(1) NRI used Dai Nippon stamps without Overprint

(2) NRI handchoped or handwritten pen line,typewriter overprint

(a)Typewritter machine

 (b)Handchoped

(b)Hand written pen line

 (3) NRI  Machinal Overprint

 

 

 

(4) Indonesia Independence anniversary special card from West Sumatra

(a) 1946

V.Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in postally used,this card found by dr iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR Bulterman in 1985,he said this card were swap and burn all ,oh amazing still found the used one, this used in May.2nd.1947 from Priaman to Kajoetanam the NRI area due to Lingarjati conference agreement,the border line at Loeboek aloeng.In 1989 Dr Iwan sold this rare card US$1500,- to Mr Karel and in 2009 he sold at Tangerang Auction(TMA) but no one bought in his price US$5000,- and then put at Van dieten auction ,the  card move abroad ,but I donnot know the letetst owner.

 

 

(b)1947

V Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in Postally Used , this card found by Dr Iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR BUlterman ,he said this card were swap and burn by Dutch NICA soldier,oh amazing still found in postally  used condition sedn from Batoesangkar June,2nd.1948 to Boekittinggi , in 1989 this card sold to Mr Karel US$1500,- and in in 2009 he sold at TMA Auction but no buyer, and the sold at Van dieten Auction Netherland but I donnot know who bought this card,the card now going abdrod for the first time.

 

 

 

 

2. The Revenue Gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had Power Given By British allied forces.

 

b. During Trasition Period

(1) NRI Used dai Nippon revenue without overprint

 

 

(2) Stamp Used as revenue:

 (a)Sumatra Overprint NRI Stamps as revenue

(b)Java

 

(3)NRI Overprint on Dai Nippon Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

(4)NRI new Currency F big = 100 f

 

 

 

5)NRI New Rupiah R = 100 f

3.  The Numismatic Gems

(a) Error Printing Papermoney

(b)Legalized NRI Banknoted

4.The art Photography Gems

5.The Old Books Gems

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

I.Part One   Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

1)Prolog in August 1945

1.July 1945

 (1)DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA’S  JULY CALENDER

THE  DAI NIPPON MILITARY OCCUPATION JAVA’S CALENDER COLLECTION , JULY  2605 (1945) with few days of August , THE LAST MONTH BEFORE SURRENDER TO THE ALLIED ARMED FORCES, AND THE BACK OF THIS CALENDER A NOTE HANDWRITTEN Married 16/7-1941 no.124 at Soerabaja.

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

(, if some have the other month,  August until December ‘s Calender please show us-auth).

14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage. 

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement

 
Dutch prisoners just after release from a Japanese concentration camp, 1945.Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire. 

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

2)17 August 1945

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the documents signatories.

In 1945 when the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed on August 17, 1945, Daan Mogot become a prominent leader of the Security Barisan Rakyat (BKR) and TKR (People’s Security Army) with the rank of Major. This is a unique at that time, Major Daan Mogot was only 16 years!

 

 

 

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia

 

 

II.Part Two Indonesia Independence Revolution and War in 1946

 

 

 

III.Part Three Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1947

 

IV.Part four Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

 

 

V.Part Five Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

 

 

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence Revolution and War in 1950

 

 @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

THE LIST OF PICTURES

I.Part One Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

 

II.Part Two Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1946

 

This elegant old building was designed by the Javanese architect R. Sindutomo in 1923. During in 1923. During World war II it was  used by the occupying Japanese forces as their headquarters. Following the Japanese surrender it became the temporary location of the original radio republic Indonesia , before the bank was founded in 1946. The building is dituated at the southern end of jalan Ahmad Yani, next to the Central Post Office

 

III. Indonesian Independence Revolution and War in 1947

 

IV. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

V. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1950

The ends@copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011’.

PS.This is the uncomplete Illustration CD-ROM for promotion,chepeast US$150,- limited edition only 100 CD-Rom, if the specialist collectors want to get the LUX CD-ROM with full illustrations,please subscribe via comment in my web blog

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com,only ten CD-ROM ,priced US$300,- ,will issued June 2012 during International philatelic exhibition at Jkarta Indonesia 2011Please donnot copy without mDr Iwan written permission, if you copy without permission I will sue You!!!!!! Because you are against the LAW (HAKI)(Dr IwanNote

The Brasil Phillatelic Gems Collections(Koleksi Prangko Brasilia Yang Paling Langka Di Dunia)

 
  Driwancybermuseum’s Blog                           

WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD                         

 SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

                                                AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

                                          DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

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                                THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

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                 DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

                                        PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

                                                     THE FOUNDER

                                            Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                                                         

    BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

  

                         WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

                     SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA”

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

  
 

 

SHOWCASE :

The Brasil Phillatelic Gems Collections

PS.the complete info with illustration exist,but only for premium member,please subscribe via comment  and we will send the info to you via your e.mail.

A.Introductions

During Phillanippon 2011 , THE NEW DIRECTOR FIP(Federation International Phillately)  had annouced that Dir FIP Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP was Pass Away:

Message of the FIP President for PHILANIPPON 2011

Mr Tay Peng Hian, FIP President

       

It was unfortunate that Japan was recently hit by a chain of disastrous events that has had a huge impact on the country in many aspects. My heart goes out to the Japanese who have shown the world that they can weather storms of enormous magnitude with dignity and calm.

The PHILANIPPON 2011 Organising Committee was not deterred by the recent events and has continued to ensure that PHILANIPPON 2011 will go ahead without any glitches. My latest update to you is that the competitive exhibits from 74 FIP member federations have been shortlisted, 45 FIP Jury and Expert Group members will serve during PHILANIPPON 2011 Exhibition.

I am looking forward to PHILANIPPON 2011 with much anticipation. See you soon in Yokohama!

Tay Peng Hian AMN RDP

President

 

Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP

It is with deep sorrow to announce the demise of Dr Paulo Comelli RDP, FIP Director and world renowned philatelist, on May 9, 2011 in Belo Horizonte City, Estate of Minas Gerais, Brazil, at the age of 68. 

After returning home from New Delhi having attended the FIP World Philatelic Exhibition ‘INDIPEX 2011′ (New Delhi, India, February 12-18, 2011), he was admitted to the hospital in Belo Horizonte due to pulmonary infection (pneumonia) which subsequently led him to other serious medical complications. 

We have lost a capable Director in the FIP Board and the world has lost a great philatelist and researcher.  He had just received the coveted FIP Grand Prix International award in INDIPEX 2011 for his fabulous collection “Brazilian Mail to Foreign Destinations – From Correio – MOR to UPU”.

His website will be maintained by his family members in order to continue sharing Paulo’s philatelic knowledge with the world.

 

Dear guests, with great sadness we announce the death of Mr. Paulo Comelli on May 9, 2011. It was a great loss to Philately and his family will maintain his site in order to make possible the continuous sharing of his knowledge.

Sítio dedicado à Filatelia Brasileira.
Apresenta artigos, pesquisas e estudos produzidos pelo autor.
 

Website dedicated to the Brazilian
Philately. It shows articles, researches and studies written by the author.

   
   
   
   
The only Brazilian cover known mailed on inaugural voyage the Messageries Impériales Line (1860). A única carta brasileira conhecida postada na viagem inaugural da Linha Messageries Impériales (1860). » Clique para ampliar/Click to enlarge «  A mais antiga carta do Brasil conhecida com uma marca postal (1795). The oldest cover known from Brazil bearing a postal mark (1795). » Clique para ampliar / Click to enlarge «
 

Paulo’s philatelic curriculum:

Vice President of the Brazilian Federation of Philately (FEBRAF) 1997-2001

Vice President of the Inter-American Federation of Philately (FIAF) 1998-2001

Director of Association Internationale des Experts en Philatélie (AIEP) 2006-2011

Director of Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP) 2008-2012

May his soul rest in peace.

 

The untimely demise of our FIP Director, Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP, on May 9, 2011, is a great loss to us, not only on the FIP Board, but also to world philately. His responsibilities will be temporarily taken over by me until further notice. An obituary of Mr Comelli appears in this issue.

 indonesian version:

Hal ini dengan kesedihan mendalam untuk mengumumkan kematian Dr Paulo Comelli RDP, Direktur FIP dan pengumpul perangko terkenal di dunia, pada tanggal 9 Mei 2011 di Belo Horizonte Kota, Real Minas Gerais, Brasil, pada usia 68.

Setelah pulang dari New Delhi memiliki dihadiri FIP Filateli Dunia Pameran ‘INDIPEX 2011′ (New Delhi, India, 12-18 Februari, 2011), ia dirawat di rumah sakit di Belo Horizonte akibat infeksi paru (pneumonia) yang kemudian menyebabkan dia untuk lainnya komplikasi medis yang serius.

Kita telah kehilangan seorang Direktur mampu dalam Dewan FIP dan dunia telah kehilangan penggemar perangko yang besar dan peneliti. Dia baru saja menerima FIP didambakan Grand Prix penghargaan Internasional INDIPEX 2011 untuk koleksi luar biasa nya “Surat Brasil Destinasi Asing – Dari Correio – MOR untuk UPU”.

Web sitenya akan dipertahankan oleh anggota keluarganya dalam rangka untuk terus berbagi pengetahuan filateli Paulo dengan dunia.

Paulo filateli kurikulum:

Wakil Presiden Federasi Brasil Filateli (FEBRAF) 1997-2001

Wakil Presiden Inter-Amerika Federasi Filateli (FIAF) 1998-2001

Direktur Asosiasi Ahli Internationale des en Philatélie (AIEP) 2006-2011

Direktur Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP) 2008-2012

Semoga jiwanya beristirahat dalam damai.

Presiden Halaman

oleh Tay Peng Hian, RDP, AMN, Presiden FIP

Kematian sebelum waktunya Direktur FIP kami, Mr Paulo Comelli, RDP, pada tanggal 9 Mei 2011, merupakan kehilangan besar bagi kami, tidak hanya di Dewan FIP, tetapi juga untuk dunia filateli. Tanggung jawabnya akan diambil alih sementara oleh saya sampai pemberitahuan lebih lanjut. Obituari Mr Comelli muncul dalam masalah ini.

 
 

 

B.Comeli ‘s Brasil Gems  Phillatelic Collections

1.The PAIR XIPHOPAGUS

Paulo Comelli
This article was originally published in London from collecting stamps
Royal Philatelic Society, London in 1306 the number of editions in June 2003
and at Mosaico magazine, Year XIII, nr 37 – August 2003, from
Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

  Description:
Cap is concerned Bulls Eye 30rs 60rs plus, in vertical pairs ‘se-tenant’, from the second composite plate, the state B (reengraved plate), 30rs (position 18 – of the top panel), and 60rs (position 6 – of the panel medium). Large margin, showing both the outside and framelines line dividing panels. 60rs 30rs is uncancelled and cancellation of a pen the script has browned on the left. 30rs has been restored at the top right corner.

One of the most important philatelic items and valuable from Brazil – UNIQUE.

Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Ferreira Araujo, Benevides.
 

HISTORY OF

 
First period: 1843-1911
Philatelic section, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, signed by Thome de Saboya, from magazine POS BRAZIL 4, issued in October 1890, Rio de Janeiro, said that Mr. Isidro Moscoso, resident in the State of Bahia, is the owner of the ‘post curiosity’, described as a pair of vertical 30 and 60 Reis, Brazil’s Bulls Eye, printed on the same sheet.

This is the first reference about the existence of these couples ‘se-tenant’. From 1890 to 1897, this section remains in obscurity, although a partial mention 1890.

Exactly one month after the first notification of the discovery Line Package (1), an article was published on 1 November 1897 at the Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, pages 181 and 182, under the ‘Curiosity’ title, which was written: “according to what Mr. Bernardo Alves Pinheiro said of the Bulls Eye problems, there are other couples besides what we’ve seen ….”. The phrase ‘one we’ve seen’ refers to ‘Track Pack’. From 1897 until 1911, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS back into the obscurity.

The use of the word MATE to both pieces can be easily explained: each piece has a pair, as previously said, to be 30 + 60, although the Gaza Pack has 30 seconds Reis Bulls Eye. Currently in Brazil, to distinguish the two pieces, they are called: THE PAIR XIPHOPAGUS and triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Second Period: 1911-1918

Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, September 30, 1911, has published a list of awards in Vienna Philatelic Exhibition, held 7 to 17 September 1911. One award winner was Charles Lathrop Pack, distinguished by the Great Gold Medal for his presentation of Brazil’s stamp collection. Endangered list included in the collection are also mentioned, such as: a full sheet 90rs Bull’s Eye, a multiple of 8 (eight) eyes 60rs 30rs Bull and a pair of vertical and 60rs Bull’s Eye.

It was not stated whether used or unused rare. In addition, it is impossible to know who the father of this rare Pack buy from, whether the price paid or the date of purchase.

Third Period: 1918-1920
In 1918 Sanchez Heitor obtained XIPHOPAGUS couples. In a letter of July 29, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos, Mr. Sanchez told the whole history of the couple. He did not mention who he bought a piece of, but said: “I get this part at home table philately ‘J. Proved’, which belongs to me, at Barão de Itapetininga street, number 69, with several other stamps of the Brazilian Empire by some 200 $ 000.00 (two hundred thousand Reis), which I borrowed from a neighbor, Mrs. Hortense, the owner of a women’s clothing store. Cap 30 Reis has a large tear in the upper right corner, reaching nearly a quarter of the cap “. Values ​​are similar to FFR 570 (five hundred and fifty French francs) or U.S. $ 420 (four hundred and twenty dollars) based on the exchange rate at that time.

It is reasonable to believe that Mr. Pack has decided to sell the couple Xiphopagus, because it has a serious flaw, and he bought a piece of new philatelic and beautiful Brazilian Xiphopagus Triplet.

And Mr. Sanchez added: “I saw the need to send a stamp for FBTurpin homes in England will be restored … Immediately after receiving the discount will be refunded Mr. Turpin sent cables to ask the price for it. I can not answer, but negative. I’m not interested in selling . When the parts recovered from FBTurpin I sold it to a close friend of mine, the most important collectors in Sao Paulo, at that time Dr. Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, with 600 $ 000.00 (six hundred thousand Reis) “. FFR value is equal to 1.710 (one thousand, 710 French francs) or U.S. $ 720 (seven hundred twenty dollars).

Mr. Sanchez continued: “Unfortunately my friend, Mr. Pedroso, suddenly lost all his fortune at the gaming table and had to sell all important stamps from the collection to resolve his debts. Not being myself in good financial condition to buy them I would suggest that My friend sells stamps at auction and I was appointed to prepare and arrange everything. “

The PAIR XIPHOPAGUS offered as lot number 23 in the auction Casa Filatélica J. Proven ‘s on June 12, 1920. Catalog they have a thirty-two pages, sixteen with descriptions and photos showing sixteen of all the pieces to be auctioned. There are 114 pieces and 33 pieces of foreign registered Brazil they all belong to Mr. Pedroso.

Description states: “Lot numbers 23-30 and 60 Reis 1 and 2 se-tenant. The only known example. Cap Reis 30 was restored in the upper right corner.

Pieces sold by 1:000 $ 000.00 (one million Reis), together with the FFR 2.850 (two thousand, eight hundred and fifty French francs), for Brazil’s most prominent collectors of the time, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, from Rio de Janeiro.

Fourth Period – 1920-1954
Luiz.de Moraes Júnior, who was born in Portugal, is an entrepreneur, building houses and buildings in Rio de Janeiro. The PAIR XIPHOPAGUS lives in his hands for more than 34 years. Scarcity is exhibited nationally for the first time in the National Philatelic Exhibition, in Rio de Janeiro in 1934.

The Filatélico Brazil, from June 1946 issue, page 66, published an advertisement offering couples a stamp dealer for sale, including his photo. The ad says as a whole: “Stamp Collectors Brazil! Be prepared for the International Philatelic Exhibition in New York, in May 1947. This is the opportunities I offer you all. Two values, 30 and 60 Reis ‘se-tenant’! Only two known examples! For more information and prices please contact A. Pereira da Silva, PO Box 2741 – Rio de Janeiro “. It seams that Mr. Morais Júnior has authorized Mr. Pereira da Silva as a broker to try to sell Pairing. Business did not prosper.

Mr. Morais has always received many offers to sell the pieces. He never accepted. He is famous for not accept payment by check. On December 21, 1954 in Petropolis, near Rio de Janeiro city, philatelic dealer Rolf Harald Meyer, from São Paulo, after three weeks of hard bargaining, managed to buy a PAIR XIPHOPAGUS to Cr $ 200,000.00 (two hundred thousand cruzeiros) cash , equivalent to U.S. $ 3,000 (three thousand dollars). Mr Moraes asked prices considered above market value for the time. It is said that Mr. Meyer, without wincing, taking money out of pocket paid at once.

A few months after selling XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior died.

Fifth Period – 1954-1972
The piece remains in the hands of Mr. Meyer from December 1954 until March 1955. I spoke with Mr. Meyer on the phone, in March 2002 and he says that “part of it is sold immediately, still in December 1954, to Ivo Ferreira da Costa, doctors and farmers living Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul State for Cr $ 250,000.00 (250 000 cruzeiros) “, equivalent to U.S. $ 3.750 (three thousand, seven hundred fifty dollars).

Mr. Meyer continued: “Actually, Mr. da Costa to purchase and pay ‘Xiphopagus’ in December 1954, but we made an agreement that part will be submitted only in April 1955, because it is not a stamp dealer has not famous, I want to make publicity about this acquisition to promoting my financial ability to do business with the stamp “.

Mr. Ferreira da Costa in a letter of July 26, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos told that the pieces were purchased on 21 December 1954 and confirmed the price paid.

Mr. da Costa collections on display for the first time in PHILYMPIA70, London, 18 to 26 September 1970, and received the Great Gold medal. It is this rare debut in an international exhibition. Then in LUBRAPEX’70, in Rio de Janeiro, October 24 to 31, he received the Grand-Prix Exhibition. In EXPHILCA70, in Caracas, Venezuela, from November 27 to December 6, he received the Gold Medal and Special Prize ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela.

Sixth Period – 1972-1997
Mr. da Costa to sell the entire collection privately to Mr. Maurino Ferreira de Araujo, an owner of an advertising agency, on January 29, 1972. Mr. Ferreira went, personally, to Alegrete, and buy the whole collection of Mr. Ferreira da Costa with the amount of Cr $ 500,000.00 (five hundred thousand cruzeiros), equivalent to U.S. $ 90,000 (ninety thousand dollars). Years later, Mr. Maurino Ferreira said that as long as the transaction price is forecast to PAIR XIPHOPAGUS Cr $ 130,000.00 (130,000 cruzeiros), equivalent to U.S. $ 23.300 (twenty-three thousand three hundred dollars) but even so he decided to pay amount requested. That is the most important private sales that have occurred in Brazil until that date.

The Maurino Ferreiras Collection awarded as follows: EXFILBRA72 – Brazil – Large Gold Medal and Grand National-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Large Gold Medal and Grand-Prix Exposition; IBRA MUNCHEN73 – Germany – Great Gold Medal; ESPAÑA75 – Spain – Large Gold medals and ‘America Honorary Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – France – Great Gold Medal and ‘Four Continents and Grand-Prix LONDON80 – UK – Class Honorary.

In 1975, Mr. Ferreira said that he had sold a parcel of land in Brazil is in a position to buy the whole collection of Mr. Ferreira da Costa. He also mentioned that the market appreciates Xiphopagus couples in Cr $ 80,000.00 (eighty thousand cruzeiros) and sellers to ask more. That’s very expensive, but he decided to pay. Many of the competitors in the international auction millionaire who used to say about him: “You can not face Maurino! He did not give you the smallest chance … He’s always the devil!”.

Mr Ferreira died in 1991. In 1994, the family decided to auction PAIR XIPHOPAGUS and Christie’s auction house selected is New York. Auction held on 15 November and this scarcity is registered under number 2120 reserved lots at prices of U.S. $ 175,000 (175,000 dollars), although expressed in a catalog on request. I attended the auction as a translator for the family and there is a telephone bid from a Brazilian collector who is important, from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Orestes M. Cruz, which offers U.S. $ 135.0000 (one hundred thirty five thousand dollars), which was not accepted by the family.

A few years later, in 1996, another auction house to take care of sales XIPHOPAGUS SPOUSE ‘Ferreiras – Antonio Torres, from London. Auction held on October 11 and that part a lot listed as 3013. Catalog expressed as an estimated value between $ 125,000 and $ 175,000. Again, the scarcity is not sold through public auction.

Seventh Period – 1997-2002
In late 1997, Mr. Antonio Torres Ferreiras on behalf of ‘SPOUSE XIPHOPAGUS sell directly to collectors Brazil, from Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. Trade is based on the exchange material. Mr. Torres received important collections from Macao and Mr. Benevides Pair Bull Xiphopagus and several other pieces of the Brazilian currency. No details were released trade. However, it is said that the assessments for couples Xiphopagus rose to U.S. $ 150,000 (one hundred fifty thousand dollars) for the total trade of U.S. $ 250,000 (two hundred fifty thousand dollars).

Mr. Benevides his collection exhibition Brazil: First issue only once in the Brazil-Portugal Exhibition named LUBRAPEX’2000, where he earned the Grand-Prix Exhibition. But unfortunately, when I could see, he did not indicate his or couples Xiphopagus 60rs Bull’s Eye Entire Sheet.

During my long stay in Houston, in the last months of 2001, I was told that Mr. Benevides delivered his entire collection ‘Brazil: Issues First’ for sale by Mr. Torres, stamp dealers and auction in London. Mr. Torres produces catalogs, exclusive beautiful and colorful, in which he announced Treat your personal business to the fall of 2001.

It shows some of the rare Brazilian like: The Pet Xiphopagus, unused sheet of 60 stamps All Eye Bull’s 60rs, unused blocks of four 30rs Bull’s Eye (only three are known), a letter from the city of Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande bearing horizontal strip four eyes 60rs Bull, a letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) bearing horizontal strip of four single-30rs 60rs plus both Bull’s eyes, and a complete panel (18 stamps) from Bull’s Eye 90rs canceled with the postmark “Cidade de Nicteroy”. Among the ‘Cap Figures tilt’ it shows: the block used 6 (3×2) from 180rs, vertical strips of unused 3 of 300rs, a block used 6 (2×3) from 600rs, in addition to the four blocks used and unused vertical strip of 4 600rs the second stamp. The latter are some of the largest known unused. Really it is an impressive collection. Catalog does not say anything about the value.

Eighth period – from 2002 on
In a conversation with an international philatelic dealers, collectors and exhibitors say that the collection can be bought between the value of U.S. $ 1,000,000 and $ 1,200,000 (1 million to one million and two hundred thousand dollars). Spoke with Mr. Torres, on the phone, he either condoned provide details about the trade. He just mentioned that business was done and he did not think about it anymore.

So, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS leave the territory of Brazil for the second time, after there for more than eighty years. It is said in the international philatelic market that the entire collection was sold to collector Spain is currently the most important and the participants, Mr. Luiz Alemany. Total transaction is approximately U.S. $ 1,200,000 (one million two hundred thousand dollars). It also said that the couple Xiphopagus worth U.S. $ 200,000 (two hundred thousand dollars). Mr. Alemany holds more than one hundred Gold and Large Gold Medal and also holds exhibitions FIP forty level.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘History of Triplet Xiphopagus’ – see article elsewhere in this site.

Indonesian version:
 

1.THE PAIR XIPHOPAGUS

Paulo Comelli
Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan dalam pengumpul perangko London dari
Royal Philatelic Society, London pada 1306 jumlah edisi Juni 2003
dan di Mosaico majalah, Tahun XIII, nr 37 – Agustus 2003, dari
Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

  Keterangan:
Cap yang bersangkutan adalah Bulls 30rs 60rs ditambah Mata, dalam pasangan vertikal ‘se-penyewa’, dari pelat komposit yang kedua, negara B (reengraved piring), 30rs (posisi 18 – dari panel atas), dan 60rs (posisi 6 – dari panel menengah). Besar margin, menunjukkan baik framelines luar dan garis panel membagi. 30rs adalah uncancelled dan 60rs memiliki pembatalan pena naskah kecoklatan di sebelah kiri. 30rs telah dipulihkan di pojok kanan atas.

Salah satu item filateli yang paling penting dan berharga dari Brasil – UNIK.

Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Ferreira Araujo, Benevides.
 

SEJARAH YANG

 
Periode pertama: 1843-1911
Bagian filateli, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, ditandatangani oleh Thome de Saboya, dari majalah POS BRASIL 4, dikeluarkan pada bulan Oktober 1890, Rio de Janeiro, menyatakan bahwa Mr Isidro Moscoso, penduduk di Negara Bagian Bahia, adalah pemilik dari ‘pos rasa ingin tahu ‘, digambarkan sebagai sepasang vertikal 30 dan 60 Reis, Brasil Bulls Mata, dicetak pada lembar yang sama.

Ini adalah referensi pertama tentang keberadaan pasangan ini ‘se-penyewa’. Dari 1890 ke 1897, bagian ini tetap dalam ketidakjelasan tersebut, meskipun yang menyebutkan parsial 1890.

Tepat satu bulan setelah pemberitahuan pertama tentang Paket Jalur penemuan (1), sebuah artikel diterbitkan pada tanggal 1 November 1897 di Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, halaman 181 dan 182, di bawah ‘Keingintahuan’ judul, di mana ditulis: “menurut apa Mr Bernardo Alves Pinheiro mengatakan tentang Bulls Mata masalah, ada pasangan lain selain yang kita sudah melihat ….”. Ungkapan ‘satu kita sudah melihat’ mengacu pada ‘Jalur Pack’. Dari 1897 sampai 1911, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS kembali ke ketidakjelasan tersebut.

Penggunaan PASANGAN kata untuk kedua potongan dapat dengan mudah dijelaskan: setiap potongan memiliki sepasang, seperti yang sebelumnya mengatakan, menjadi 30 + 60, meskipun Jalur Pack memiliki 30 detik Reis Eye Bulls. Saat ini di Brasil, untuk membedakan kedua potongan, mereka bernama: THE PAIR XIPHOPAGUS dan triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Kedua Periode: 1911-1918

Stanley Gibbons Jurnal Bulanan, tanggal 30 September 1911, telah menerbitkan daftar penghargaan di Pameran Filateli Wina, yang diselenggarakan 07-17 September 1911. Salah satu pemenang penghargaan adalah Charles Lathrop Pack, dibedakan dengan Medali Emas Besar untuk presentasi koleksi perangko Brasil nya. Daftar langka termasuk dalam koleksi itu juga disebutkan, seperti: satu lembar penuh Mata 90rs Bull, kelipatan dari 8 (delapan) Mata 60rs Bull dan 30rs sepasang vertikal dan Mata Banteng 60rs itu.

Itu tidak dinyatakan apakah langka atau tidak terpakai digunakan. Selain itu, mustahil untuk mengetahui siapa Bapak Kemas membeli ini langka dari, baik harga yang dibayarkan atau tanggal pembelian.

Periode Ketiga: 1918-1920
Pada tahun 1918 Heitor Sanchez diperoleh Pasangan XIPHOPAGUS. Dalam sebuah surat dari 29 Juli 1965 untuk Áureo G. Santos, Mr Sanchez menceritakan seluruh sejarah dari pasangan. Dia tidak menyebutkan siapa dia membeli sepotong dari, tetapi mengatakan: “Saya mendapatkan bagian ini di meja rumah filateli ‘J. Terbukti ‘, yang milik saya, pada Barão de Itapetininga jalan, nomor 69, dengan beberapa perangko lainnya dari Brazil Kekaisaran oleh sejumlah 200 $ 000,00 (dua ratus ribu Reis), yang saya pinjam dari tetangga, Mrs Hortense, pemilik seorang wanita toko pakaian. Cap 30 Reis memiliki air mata besar di sudut kanan atas, mencapai hampir seperempat dari cap “. Nilai di atas sama dengan FFR 570 (lima ratus lima puluh franc Prancis) atau US $ 420 (empat ratus dua puluh dolar) berdasarkan kurs waktu itu.

Hal ini masuk akal untuk percaya bahwa Mr Kemas telah memutuskan untuk menjual Pasangan Xiphopagus, karena memiliki cacat serius dan dia membeli sepotong filateli baru dan indah Brasil yang Triplet Xiphopagus.

Dan Mr Sanchez menambahkan: “Saya melihat kebutuhan untuk mengirim cap untuk FBTurpin rumah di Inggris akan dipulihkan … Segera setelah menerima potongan akan dikembalikan Mr Turpin dikirim kabel meminta harga untuk itu. Jawaban saya bisa tidak, tapi negatif. Saya tidak tertarik dalam menjual. Ketika bagian dipulihkan kembali dari FBTurpin Aku menjualnya kepada seorang teman dekat saya, kolektor yang paling penting di Sao Paulo, pada waktu itu Dr Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, dengan 600 $ 000,00 (enam ratus ribu Reis) “. Nilai ini sama dengan FFR 1,710 (seribu, 710 franc Perancis) atau US $ 720 (tujuh ratus dua puluh dolar).

Mr Sanchez melanjutkan: “Sayangnya sahabat saya, Mr Pedroso, tiba-tiba kehilangan semua kekayaannya di meja judi dan harus menjual semua prangko penting dari koleksi untuk menyelesaikan utang-utangnya. Tidak menjadi diriku sendiri dalam kondisi keuangan yang baik untuk membeli mereka saya menyarankan agar teman saya menjual perangko melalui lelang dan aku ditunjuk untuk mempersiapkan dan mengatur segala sesuatu “.

Para PAIR XIPHOPAGUS ditawarkan sebagai nomor lot 23 di lelang Casa Filatélica J. Terbukti ‘s pada tanggal 12 Juni 1920. Katalog mereka memiliki tiga puluh dua halaman, enam belas dengan deskripsi dan foto yang menunjukkan enam belas dari semua potongan yang akan dilelang. Ada 114 buah dan 33 buah Brasil asing terdaftar mereka semua milik Mr Pedroso.

Deskripsi menyatakan: “Lot 23-30 dan 60 angka Reis 1 dan 2 se-penyewa. Contoh hanya dikenal. Cap Reis 30 dipulihkan di pojok kanan atas.

Potongan dijual oleh 1:000 $ 000,00 (satu juta Reis), sama dengan FFR 2,850 (dua ribu, delapan ratus lima puluh franc Prancis), untuk kolektor Brasil yang paling menonjol pada waktu itu, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, dari Rio de Janeiro.

Periode Keempat – 1920-1954
Luiz.de Júnior Moraes, yang lahir di Portugal, adalah seorang pengusaha, membangun rumah dan bangunan di Rio de Janeiro. Para PAIR XIPHOPAGUS tinggal di tangannya untuk lebih dari 34 tahun. Kelangkaan ini dipamerkan secara nasional untuk pertama kalinya selama Pameran Filateli Nasional, di Rio de Janeiro pada tahun 1934.

Para Filatélico Brasil, dari edisi Juni 1946, halaman 66, diterbitkan sebuah iklan cap agen menawarkan Pasangan untuk dijual, termasuk foto nya. Iklan tersebut dikatakan sebagai keseluruhan: “Kolektor perangko Brasil! Bersiaplah untuk Pameran Filateli Internasional New York, pada Mei 1947. Ini adalah kesempatan saya menawarkan Anda semua. Dua nilai, 30 dan 60 Reis ‘se-penyewa’! Hanya dua contoh yang dikenal! Untuk informasi lebih lanjut dan harga hubungi A. Pereira da Silva, POBox 2741 – Rio de Janeiro “. Ini jahitan yang Mr Morais Júnior telah resmi Mr Pereira da Silva sebagai broker untuk mencoba untuk menjual Memasangkan. Bisnis tidak makmur.

Mr Morais selalu menerima banyak tawaran untuk menjual potongan. Dia tidak pernah diterima. Dia terkenal karena tidak menerima pembayaran dengan cek. Pada tanggal 21 Desember, 1954 di Petropolis, kota terdekat Rio de Janeiro, dealer filateli Rolf Harald Meyer, dari São Paulo, setelah tiga minggu tawar-menawar keras, berhasil membeli PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS untuk Cr $ 200.000,00 (dua ratus ribu cruzeiros ) kas, setara dengan US $ 3,000 (tiga ribu dolar). Harga Mr Moraes bertanya dianggap di atas nilai pasar untuk waktu. Dikatakan bahwa Mr Meyer, tanpa meringis, mengambil uang dari saku dibayar sekaligus.

Beberapa bulan setelah menjual XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior meninggal.

Periode Kelima – 1954-1972
Potongan tetap di tangan Mr Meyer dari Desember 1954 sampai Maret 1955. Saya berbicara dengan Mr Meyer di telepon, pada Maret 2002 dan ia mengatakan bahwa “bagian itu dijual segera, masih pada bulan Desember 1954, untuk Ivo Ferreira da Costa, hidup dokter dan petani Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul Negara untuk Cr $ 250.000,00 (250000 cruzeiros) “, setara dengan US $ 3,750 (tiga ribu, tujuh ratus lima puluh dolar).

Mr Meyer melanjutkan: “Sebenarnya Bapak da Costa membeli dan membayar ‘Xiphopagus’ pada bulan Desember 1954, tapi kami membuat kesepakatan bahwa bagian akan disampaikan hanya pada bulan April 1955, karena tidak menjadi agen cap belum terkenal, aku ingin membuat publisitas tentang akuisisi ini untuk mempromosikan kemampuan keuangan saya melakukan bisnis dengan prangko “.

Mr Ferreira da Costa dalam sebuah surat dari 26 Juli 1965 untuk Áureo G. Santos diberitahu bahwa potongan itu dibeli pada tanggal 21 Desember 1954 dan dikonfirmasi harga yang dibayarkan.

Mr da Costa koleksinya dipamerkan untuk pertama kalinya di PHILYMPIA70, London, 18-26 September 1970, dan mendapat medali Emas Besar. Ini adalah debut ini langka dalam sebuah pameran internasional. Kemudian pada LUBRAPEX’70, di Rio de Janeiro, 24-31 Oktober, ia mendapat Pameran Grand-Prix. Pada EXPHILCA70, di Caracas, Venezuela, dari 27 November – 6 Desember, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan Hadiah Khusus ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela.

Periode Keenam – 1972-1997
Mr da Costa menjual seluruh koleksinya pribadi kepada Mr Maurino Ferreira de Araujo, seorang pemilik biro iklan, pada tanggal 29 Januari 1972. Mr Ferreira pergi, pribadi, untuk Alegrete, dan membeli seluruh koleksi Mr Ferreira da Costa dengan jumlah Cr $ 500.000,00 (lima ratus ribu cruzeiros), setara dengan US $ 90,000 (sembilan puluh ribu dolar). Bertahun-tahun kemudian, Mr Maurino Ferreira mengatakan, bahwa selama transaksi harga perkiraan untuk PAIR XIPHOPAGUS adalah Cr $ 130.000,00 (130000 cruzeiros), setara dengan US $ 23,300 (dua puluh tiga ribu tiga ratus dolar) tetapi bahkan jadi dia memutuskan untuk membayar jumlah yang diminta. Itu adalah penjualan pribadi yang paling penting yang pernah terjadi di Brazil sampai tanggal tersebut.

Para Maurino Ferreiras Koleksi mendapat penghargaan sebagai berikut: EXFILBRA72 – Brasil – Medali Emas Besar dan Grand National-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Medali Emas Besar dan Grand-Prix Exposition; BPPN MUNCHEN73 – Jerman – Medali Emas Besar; ESPAÑA75 – Spanyol – Emas Besar medali dan ‘Amerika Kehormatan Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – Perancis – Medali Emas Besar dan ‘Empat Benua Grand-Prix dan LONDON80 – Inggris – Kelas Kehormatan.

Pada tahun 1975, Mr Ferreira mengatakan bahwa dia telah menjual sebidang tanah di Brasilia berada dalam posisi untuk membeli seluruh koleksi Mr Ferreira da Costa. Dia juga menyebutkan bahwa pasar menghargai Pasangan Xiphopagus dalam Cr $ 80.000,00 (delapan puluh ribu cruzeiros) dan penjual bertanya lebih banyak. Itu sangat mahal, tetapi dia memutuskan untuk membayar. Banyak dari pesaing jutawan di lelang internasional yang digunakan untuk mengatakan tentang dia: “Anda tidak bisa menghadapi Maurino! Pria itu tidak memberikan Anda kesempatan terkecil … Dia selalu setan! “.

Mr Ferreira meninggal pada tahun 1991. Pada tahun 1994, keluarga memutuskan untuk lelang PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS dan rumah lelang Christie yang dipilih adalah New York. Lelang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 15 November dan kelangkaan ini terdaftar di bawah nomor lot dengan harga 2120 reserved US $ 175,000 (175,000 dolar) meskipun dinyatakan berdasarkan permintaan dalam katalog. Saya menghadiri lelang sebagai penerjemah untuk keluarga dan ada tawaran telepon dari seorang kolektor Brasil yang penting, dari Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Negara, Orestes M. Cruz, yang menawarkan US $ 135.0000 (seratus tiga puluh lima ribu dolar), yang tidak diterima oleh keluarga.

Beberapa tahun kemudian, pada tahun 1996, lain rumah lelang merawat penjualan PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS untuk ‘Ferreiras – Antonio Torres, dari London. Lelang diselenggarakan pada 11 Oktober dan bagian itu banyak terdaftar sebagai 3013. Katalog dinyatakan sebagai nilai perkiraan antara US $ 125,000 dan US $ 175,000. Sekali lagi kelangkaan ini tidak dijual melalui lelang umum.

Periode Ketujuh – 1997-2002
Pada akhir tahun 1997, Mr Antonio Torres atas nama Ferreiras ‘menjual PASANGAN XIPHOPAGUS langsung ke kolektor Brasil, dari Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. Perdagangan dilakukan berdasarkan pertukaran materi. Mr Torres menerima koleksi penting dari Macao dan Mr Benevides Pasangan Xiphopagus dan Bull beberapa Brasil Mata potongan lain. Tidak ada rincian perdagangan dibebaskan. Namun demikian, dikatakan bahwa penilaian untuk Pasangan Xiphopagus naik menjadi US $ 150,000 (seratus lima puluh ribu dolar) untuk jumlah total perdagangan US $ 250,000 (dua ratus lima puluh ribu dolar).

Benevides Mr pameran koleksi nya Brasil: Masalah Pertama hanya sekali di Brasil-Portugal Pameran bernama LUBRAPEX’2000, di mana dia mendapat Grand-Prix Pameran. Tapi sayangnya, saat aku bisa melihat, dia tidak menunjukkan Pasangan Xiphopagus nya atau Mata Bull 60rs itu Lembar Keseluruhan.

Selama saya tinggal lama di Houston, dalam bulan terakhir tahun 2001, saya diberitahu bahwa Mr Benevides disampaikan seluruh koleksinya ‘Brasil: Masalah Pertama’ untuk dijual oleh Mr Torres, dealer perangko dan lelang di London. Mr Torres menghasilkan katalog, eksklusif yang indah dan berwarna-warni, di mana ia mengumumkan Perlakukan bisnis pribadi untuk musim gugur 2001.

Ini menunjukkan beberapa langka Brasil seperti: The Pasangan Xiphopagus, Lembar Seluruh terpakai dari 60 perangko Mata Bull 60rs itu, blok yang tidak terpakai dari empat Mata Bull 30rs (hanya tiga yang diketahui), surat dari Rio de Janeiro ke kota Rio Grande bantalan strip horizontal empat Mata 60rs Bull, surat dari Rio de Janeiro untuk Cachoeira (RS) bantalan strip horizontal empat 60rs ditambah 30rs tunggal Mata kedua Bull, dan panel lengkap (18 prangko) dari 90rs Mata Bull dibatalkan dengan cap pos “Cidade de Nicteroy”. Di antara ‘Cap Angka miring’ itu menunjukkan: blok digunakan 6 (3×2) dari 180rs, strip vertikal yang tidak terpakai 3 dari 300rs, sebuah blok digunakan 6 (2×3) dari 600rs, selain blok yang digunakan empat dan strip vertikal yang tidak terpakai dari 4 prangko kedua 600rs tersebut. Yang terakhir adalah beberapa terpakai terbesar yang dikenal. Sungguh itu adalah koleksi mengesankan. Katalog tidak mengatakan apa-apa tentang nilai.

Periode Kedelapan – dari 2002 tentang
Dalam percakapan dengan dealer internasional filateli, kolektor dan peserta pameran dikatakan bahwa koleksi bisa dibeli antara nilai US $ 1.000.000 dan US $ 1.200.000 (1.000.000-1.000.000 dan dua ratus ribu dolar). Berbicara dengan Mr Torres, di telepon, dia baik dimaafkan memberikan rincian tentang perdagangan. Dia hanya menyebutkan bahwa bisnis itu sudah dilakukan dan ia tidak memikirkannya lagi.

Jadi, PAIR XIPHOPAGUS meninggalkan wilayah Brasil untuk kedua kalinya, setelah di sana selama lebih dari delapan puluh tahun. Dikatakan di pasar filateli internasional bahwa seluruh koleksi dijual kepada kolektor Spanyol saat ini yang paling penting dan peserta, Mr Luiz Alemany. Jumlah total transaksi ini adalah sekitar US $ 1.200.000 (satu juta dua ratus ribu dolar). Hal itu juga mengatakan bahwa Pasangan Xiphopagus senilai US $ 200,000 (dua ratus ribu dolar). Mr Alemany memegang lebih dari seratus Emas dan Medali Emas Besar dan juga memegang pameran FIP empat puluh tingkat.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘Sejarah Triplet Xiphopagus’ – lihat artikel di bagian lain dari situs ini.

 
 

2.THE XIPHOPAGUS PAIR

Paulo Comelli

This article was originally published in the London Philatelist from
The Royal Philatelic Society, London in the edition number 1306 of June 2003
and in MOSAICO magazine, Year XIII, nr 37 – August 2003, from
Câmara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brazil.

  Description:The stamp concerned are the 30rs plus 60rs Bulls Eyes, in ‘se-tenant’ vertical pair, from the second composite plate, state B (reengraved plate), 30rs (position 18 – from upper pane), and 60rs (position 6 – from intermediate pane). Large margins, showing both outer framelines and the pane dividing line. The 30rs is uncancelled and the 60rs has a brownish pen manuscript cancellation at left. The 30rs has been restored on the top right corner.One of the most important and valuable philatelic items from Brazil – UNIQUE.Provenance: Ex. Moscoso, Pack, Sanchez, Pedroso, Moraes Júnior, Meyer, Ferreira da Costa, Araújo Ferreira, Benevides.

THE HISTORY

 

First period: 1843 to 1911

The philatelic section, GAZETILHA TIMBROLÓGICA, signed by Thomé de Saboya, from the BRASIL POSTAL 4 magazine, issued in October 1890, Rio de Janeiro, stated that Mr. Isidro Moscoso, resident in the State of Bahia, was the owner of a ‘postal curiosity’, described as a vertical pair of 30 and 60 réis, Brazilian Bulls Eyes, printed on the same sheet.

This is the first reference about the existence of this ‘se-tenant’ pair. From 1890 to 1897, this piece remained in the obscurity, in spite of that partial mention of 1890.

Exactly one month after the first notice about the Pack Strip discovery (1), an article was published on November 1, 1897 in Jornal Philatelico, São Paulo, pages 181 and 182, under the title ‘Curiosity’, where was written: “according to what Mr. Bernardo Alves Pinheiro said about the Bulls Eyes issues, another pair exists besides the one we already noticed….”. The expression ‘one we already noticed’ refers to the ‘Pack Strip’. From 1897 until 1911, the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR returned to the obscurity.

The use of the word PAIR for both pieces can be easily explained: each piece has a pair, as previously said, being 30 + 60, although the Pack Strip has the second 30 réis Bulls Eye. Nowadays in Brazil, to differentiate both pieces, they are named: THE XIPHOPAGUS PAIR and THE XIPHOPAGUS TRIPLET.

Second Period: 1911 to 1918

The Stanley Gibbons Monthly Journal, dated September 30, 1911, had published the list of awards in the Vienna Philatelic Exhibition, held 7 to 17 September 1911. One of award winners was Charles Lathrop Pack, distinguished with the Large Gold Medal for the presentation of his Brazilian stamp collection. A list of rarities included in the collection was also mentioned, such as: one full sheet of 90rs Bull’s Eyes; a multiple of 8 (eight) of 60rs Bull’s Eyes and a vertical pair 30rs and 60rs Bull’s Eyes.

It was not stated whether the rarities were used or unused. Moreover, it was impossible to find out whom Mr Pack bought these rarities from, neither the prices paid nor the date of the purchases.

Third Period: 1918 to 1920

In 1918 Heitor Sanchez acquired THE XIPHOPAGUS PAIR. In a letter from July 29, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos, Mr. Sanchez relates the whole history of the pair. He didnt mention who he bought the piece from, but said: “I acquired this piece on the counter of the philatelic house ‘J. Dolz’, which belonged to me, at Barão de Itapetininga street, number 69, with some other stamps from Brazil Empire by 200$000,00 (two hundred thousand réis), amount which I borrowed from a neighbour, Mrs. Hortense, owner of a ladies’ clothing store. The 30 réis stamp had a big tear on the top right corner, reaching almost one quarter of the stamp”. The above value was equal to FFR 570 (five hundred and fifty French francs) or US$ 420 (four hundred and twenty dollars) based on the exchange rate of that time.

It is reasonable to believe that Mr. Pack had decided to sell the Xiphopagus Pair, since it had a serious defect and he had bought a new and lovely Brazilian philatelic piece the Xiphopagus Triplet.

And Mr. Sanchez added: “I saw the need to send the stamp to F.B.Turpin house in England to be restored… Immediately after receiving the piece to be restored Mr. Turpin sent a cable asking a price for it. My answer could be none but a negative. I wasn’t interested in selling it. When the restored piece returned from F.B.Turpin I sold it to a close friend of mine, the most important collector in São Paulo, at that time Dr. Arnaldo Moraes Pedroso, by 600$000,00 (six hundred thousand réis)”. This value was equal to FFR 1.710 (one thousand, seven hundred and ten French francs) or US$ 720 (seven hundred and twenty dollars).

Mr. Sanchez continued: “Unfortunately my dear friend, Mr. Pedroso, unexpectedly lost all his fortune on gambling tables and had to sell all the important stamps from his collection to settle his debts. Not being myself in good financial condition to buy them I suggested that my friend sell the stamps by auction and I was designated to prepare and organise everything”.

The XIPHOPAGUS PAIR was offered as lot number 23 in Casa Filatélica J. Dolz’s auction on June 12, 1920. Their catalogue had thirty-two pages, sixteen with descriptions and other sixteen showing photos of all pieces to be auctioned. There were 114 Brazilian pieces and 33 foreign pieces listed all of them belonging to Mr. Pedroso.

The description stated: “Lot 2330 and 60 réis numbers 1 and 2 se-tenant. The only example known. The 30 réis stamp was restored on the top right corner.

The piece was sold by 1:000$000,00 (one million réis), equal to FFR 2.850 (two thousand, eight hundred and fifty French francs), to the most prominent Brazilian collector at that time, Luiz de Moraes Júnior, from Rio de Janeiro.

Fourth Period – 1920 to 1954

Luiz.de Moraes Júnior, who was born in Portugal, was a businessman, constructing houses and buildings in Rio de Janeiro. The XIPHOPAGUS PAIR stayed in his hands for more than 34 years. This rarity was exhibited nationally for the first time during the National Philatelic Exhibition, in Rio de Janeiro in 1934.

The Brasil Filatélico, from June 1946 edition, page 66, published a stamp dealer advert offering the Pair for sale, including its photograph. The advert said as a whole: “Brazilian Stamp Collectors! Be ready for the New York International Philatelic Exhibition, in May 1947. This is the opportunity I offer you all. Two values, 30 and 60 réis ‘se-tenant’! Only two examples known! For more information and price contact A. Pereira da Silva, P.O.Box 2741 – Rio de Janeiro”. It seams that Mr. Morais Júnior had authorised Mr. Pereira da Silva as a broker to try to sell the Pair. The business didn’t prosper.

Mr. Morais had always received many offers to sell the piece. He never accepted. He was renowned for not accepting payment by cheque. On December 21, 1954, in Petrópolis, a city nearby Rio de Janeiro, the philatelic dealer Rolf Harald Meyer, from São Paulo, after three weeks of hard bargaining, succeeded in buying the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR for Cr$200.000,00 (two hundred thousand cruzeiros) cash, equal to US$3.000 (three thousand dollars). The price Mr. Moraes asked was considered above the market value for the time. It is said that Mr. Meyer, without wincing, taking the money from the pocket paid at once.

Few months after selling the XIPHOPAGUS Luiz de Morais Júnior died.

Fifth Period – 1954 to 1972

The piece remained in Mr. Meyer’s hands from December 1954 until March 1955. I spoke to Mr. Meyer on the phone, in March 2002 and he said that “the piece was sold immediately, still in December 1954, to Ivo Ferreira da Costa, a doctor and farmer living in Alegrete, Rio Grande do Sul State for Cr$250.000,00 (two hundred and fifty thousand cruzeiros)”, equal to US$ 3.750 (three thousand, seven hundred and fifty dollars).

Mr. Meyer continued: “In fact Mr. da Costa bought and paid the ‘Xiphopagus’ in December 1954, but we made an agreement that the piece would be delivered only in April 1955, because not being a well known stamp dealer yet, I wanted to make publicity about this acquisition to promote my financial capacity of doing business with stamps”.

Mr. Ferreira da Costa in a letter from July 26, 1965 to Áureo G. Santos informed that the piece was bought on December 21, 1954 and confirmed the price paid.

Mr. da Costa exhibited his collection for the first time at PHILYMPIA70, London, from 18 to 26, September 1970, and got the Large Gold medal. It was this rarity’s debut in an international exhibition. Then at LUBRAPEX’70, in Rio de Janeiro, from 24 to 31 October, he got the Exhibition Grand-Prix. At EXPHILCA70, in Caracas, Venezuela, from November 27 to December 6, he got the Gold Medal and the Special Prize ‘Presidente da República da Venezuela’.

Sixth Period – 1972 to 1997

Mr. da Costa sold his entire collection privately to Mr. Maurino de Araújo Ferreira, an advertising agency owner, on January 29, 1972. Mr. Ferreira went, personally, to Alegrete, and bought Mr. Ferreira da Costa’s whole collection by the amount of Cr$500.000,00 (five hundred thousand cruzeiros), equal to US$ 90.000 (ninety thousand dollars). Years later, Mr. Maurino Ferreira said, that during the transaction the estimate price for the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR was Cr$130.000,00 (one hundred and thirty thousand cruzeiros), equal to US$ 23.300 (twenty three thousand and three hundred dollars) but even so he decided to pay the amount asked. It was the most important private sale that ever happened in Brazil up to that date.

The Maurino Ferreiras Collection got the following awards: EXFILBRA72 – Brazil – Large Gold Medal and National Grand-Prix; LUBRAPEX72 – Portugal – Large Gold Medal and Expositions Grand-Prix; IBRA MUNCHEN73 – Germany – Large Gold Medal; ESPAÑA75 – Spain – Large Gold Medal and ‘America Honour’s Grand-Prix’; ARPHILA75 – France – Large Gold Medal and ‘The Four Continents Grand-Prix’ and LONDON80 – England – Honour Class.

In 1975, Mr. Ferreira said that he had to sell a piece of land in Brasília to be in a position to buy Mr. Ferreira da Costa’s entire collection. He also mentioned that the market valued the Xiphopagus Pair in Cr$80.000,00 (eighty thousand cruzeiros) and the seller asked much more. It was extremely expensive, but he decided to pay. Many of his millionaire competitors at the international auctions used to say about him: “You can’t face Maurino! The man does not give you the smallest chance… He has always been a devil!”.

Mr. Ferreira died in 1991. In 1994, the family decided to auction the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR and the auction house chosen was Christie’s New York. The auction was held on November 15 and this rarity was listed under lot number 2120 with a reserved price of US$175.000 (one hundred and seventy five thousand dollars) although it was stated on request in the catalogue. I attended the auction as an interpreter for the family and there was a telephone bid from an important Brazilian collector, from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Orestes M. Cruz, that offered US$135.0000 (one hundred thirty five thousand dollars), which was not accepted by the family.

A couple of years later, in 1996, another auction house took care of the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR sale for the Ferreiras’ – Antonio Torres, from London. The auction was held on October 11 and the piece was listed as lot 3013. The catalogue stated as an estimate value between US$125.000 and US$175.000. Again this rarity was not sold through public auction.

Seventh Period – 1997 to 2002

In late 1997, Mr. Antonio Torres on the Ferreiras’ behalf sold the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR directly to a Brazilian collector, from Rio de Janeiro, Roberto Seabra Benevides. The trade was done based on exchange of material. Mr. Torres received an important collection from Macao and Mr. Benevides the Xiphopagus Pair and several other Brazilian Bull’s Eyes pieces. No trade details were released. Nevertheless, it is said that the valuation for the Xiphopagus Pair rose to US$150.000 (one hundred and fifty thousand dollars) for the total trade amount of US$250.000 (two hundred and fifty thousand dollars).

Mr. Benevides exhibit his collection Brazil: First Issues only once at the Brazil-Portugal Exhibition named LUBRAPEX’2000, where he got the Exhibition Grand-Prix. But unfortunately, as I could see, he didn’t exhibit his Xiphopagus Pair nor the 60rs Bull’s Eyes Entire Sheet.

During my long stay in Houston, in the last months of 2001, I was told that Mr. Benevides delivered his entire collection ‘Brazil: First Issues’ to be sold by Mr. Torres, a stamp dealer and auctioneer in London. Mr. Torres produced an exclusive, beautiful and colourful catalogue, where he announced the Private Treat business for autumn 2001.

It shows some Brazilian rarities like: The Xiphopagus Pair, the unused Entire Sheet of 60 stamps of the 60rs Bull’s Eyes, the unused block of four of the 30rs Bull’s Eyes (only three known), a letter from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Rio Grande bearing a horizontal strip of four of 60rs Bull’s Eyes, a letter from Rio de Janeiro to Cachoeira (RS) bearing a horizontal strip of four of 60rs plus a single 30rs both Bull’s Eyes, and a complete pane (18 stamps) of 90rs Bull’s Eyes cancelled with “Cidade de Nicteroy” postmarks. Among the ‘Slanted Numerals Stamps’ it shows: a used block of 6 (3×2) of 180rs, an unused vertical strip of 3 of the 300rs, a used block of 6 (2×3) of the 600rs, besides a used block of four and an unused vertical strip of 4 stamps both of the 600rs. The last one is the largest unused multiple known. Really it was an impressive collection. The catalogue didn’t say anything about values.

Eighth Period – from 2002 on

In philatelic conversations with international dealers, collectors and exhibitors it was said that the collection could be bought for between the value of US$ 1.000.000 and US$ 1.200.000 (one million to one million and two hundred thousand dollars). Talking to Mr. Torres, on the telephone, he nicely excused giving details about the trade. He only mentioned that the business was already done and he didn’t think about it any more.

So, the XIPHOPAGUS PAIR left the Brazilian territory for the second time, after being there for more than eighty years. It is said in the international philatelic market that the whole collection was sold to the nowadays most important Spanish collector and exhibitor, Mr. Luiz Alemany. The total amount of this transaction was around US$ 1.200.000 (one million and two hundred thousand dollars). It was also said that the Xiphopagus Pair was valued at US$ 200.000 (two hundred thousand dollars). Mr. Alemany holds more than a hundred Gold and Large Gold Medals and also holds forty FIP level exhibits.

(1) Comelli, Paulo, ‘The History of the Xiphopagus Triplet’ – see the article in other part of this site.

Triplet XIPHOPAGUS – Jalur Pack

Paulo Comelli, RDP, AIEP

Artikel ini awalnya diterbitkan dalam pengumpul perangko London dari The Royal Philatelic Society, London pada 1300 jumlah edisi November 2002 dan di majalah Mosaico, Tahun XIII, nr 37, April 2003, dari Camara Brasileira de Filatelia – Belo Horizonte – Brasil.

Untuk edisi ini pasal ini direvisi dan juga mengalami modifikasi kecil dalam Periode Keenam 1954-1963, dibandingkan dengan yang asli diterbitkan oleh Royal Philatelic Society, London, karena menemukan sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Maurino Ferreira dan diterbitkan di surat kabar Diario de Noticias, pada tanggal 2 Juni 1985, Belo Horizonte.

Artikel ini telah diupdate oleh penulis pada bulan September 2008.

 Description: Dua ditambah satu 30rs 60rs di Mata Banteng prangko di se-penyewa Strip vertikal, dari piring komposit kedua, negara D (re-terukir piring). 30rs (posisi 11 dan 17 – dari panel atas) dan 60rs (posisi 5 – dari panel menengah). Hal ini dibatalkan dengan dua cap pos tanpa bingkai hitam dari ‘Correio da Corte Geral’ (PA1185), di mana hampir tidak dapat dibaca 11??. 0,1844 (tampaknya Juni). Potongan telah dicuci. Ini memiliki marjin bahkan tepat, margin bawah yang cukup baik dan satu kiri dan atas yang besar. Cap atas memiliki tipis kecil. Lipatan cahaya hanya disebutkan ‘untuk catatan’. SATU DARI langka yang paling luar biasa DARI BRASIL DAN AMERIKA LATIN. UNIK!
Provenance: Ex. Lindgren, Mesquita Martins, Lemaire, Pack, Souren, Contini, Almeida Dias, Stanley Gibbons, Hubbard, Angelo Lima, Hubbard.
 

SEJARAH YANG

Dalam tiga puluhan yang “triplet” milik pengumpul perangko terkenal Charles Lathrop Pack dan dijuluki “The Strip Pack” oleh orang-orang di dunia filateli Inggris. Kemudian kehilangan “s” dan hanya menjadi “Jalur Pack”.

Pertama Periode – 1843-1900

Para Triplet Xiphopagus tetap tidak diketahui untuk sedikit lebih dari lima puluh tahun. Pada bulan Oktober 1897, Mr Kopenhagen diterbitkan, dalam Philatélico Jornal dari São Paulo, artikel “Sebuah Unknown Error dari Brasil” yang ditulis oleh Mr Thadeu Rangel Pestana. Ini adalah referensi pertama untuk Triplet tersebut.

Mr Pestana adalah presiden Klub Filateli di Sao Paulo dan penulis beberapa artikel filateli. Berikut adalah beberapa kata-katanya: “Hari ini kami senang untuk memberikan pembaca kesempatan untuk mengenal salah satu langka yang paling penting dari koleksi perangko Brasil, atau mungkin yang terbesar yang pernah terlihat. Kami berutang menawarkan jenis fotografi ini kami mereproduksi, teman pribadi kita dan kolektor terkemuka dari Rio de Janeiro, Mr José Pereira I. Lima. Mereka adalah dua 30rs diikat ke satu perangko 60rs Bull Mata. Kami menjamin bahwa tiga perangko adalah otentik, dicetak pada kertas yang sama dan tidak ada Patch maupun penipuan apapun “.

Pada akhir artikel ia berkata: “Pemilik beruntung dari permata filateli adalah Mr Carl Johan Lindgren, seorang Brazil dari asal Swedia, yang tinggal di Bahia tapi sekarang tinggal di Rio de Janeiro. Dia memiliki koleksi megah penuh langka. Dia adalah kolektor yang paling penting dari negara kita yang masih belum diketahui sejauh banyak orang lain masih “.

Dalam komunitas filateli dia dikenal sebagai Charles (atau Chas) J. Lindgren. Ia lahir di Salvador Kota (Bahia) pada tanggal 23 Desember 1846. Dia, seperti ayahnya, Swedia dan Norwegia wakil konsul di Provinsi Bahia. Dia meninggal di Rio de Janeiro pada 14 Januari 1916.

Pada bulan berikutnya setelah artikel Mr Pestana itu, edisi November majalah yang sama menerbitkan sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Bernardo Alves Pereira di bawah judul yang sama. Dan dia berkata: “… Saya melihat potongan asli: dua 30rs dan satu prangko 60rs bergabung dalam posisi vertikal, dan semua dicetak pada lembaran kertas yang sama … Oleh karena itu, bukan masalah kesalahan …”.

Periode Kedua – 1900-1906

Pada tahun 1900, Philatelista Paulistano majalah (Juli / edisi September), dari Asosiasi Philatelic Brasil, melaporkan: “Pak Teixeira de Figueiredo Felizardo mengatakan kepada kami bahwa ia menyelesaikan penjualan dari sebuah triplet menarik dan langka perangko 1843. Mereka adalah dua dan satu 60rs 30rs, dicetak bersama pada lembar yang sama dan dibatalkan oleh kantor pos. Kelangkaan indah semacam itu dijual dengan harga $ 000 2:000 (dua juta Reis) “. Nilai ini setara dengan US $ 800,00 (delapan ratus dolar) berdasarkan kurs periode.

Felizardo de Figueiredo adalah dealer cap terbesar di Rio de Janeiro pada saat itu. Rumah filateli Nya terkenal untuk menawarkan potongan yang paling indah dan langka dari Brasil. Itu pada Sete de Setembro Jalan; hampir di sudut Largo do Rocio, hari ini Tiradentes Square.

Majalah ini tidak menginformasikan penjual atau nama pembeli. Namun, pada tahun 1963, Mr AG Santos mewawancarai Mr Alfredo Costa, pemilik ‘J. Philatelica Costa dan putra mantan pemilik, Mr J. Costa, tentang pemberitahuan ayahnya diterbitkan dalam O Philatelista tertanggal 15 Agustus 1908. Mr J. Costa menyatakan bahwa “triplet telah dikagumi di pameran perangko langka, yang baru-baru dilakukan di Perancis …” (tepatnya pada tahun 1907 – Paris). Ia juga mengatakan: “selain ini, potongan lain dikagumi ada: kelipatan digunakan 15 perangko 600rs – Angka miring”.

Mr Alfredo Costa juga menginformasikan bahwa pembeli Triplet telah menjadi anak dari Itacurussá Baron, yang namanya ia tidak ingat, kecuali dia tinggal di Rio de Janeiro dan ia meninggal karena TBC paru. Kami datang untuk mengetahui bahwa Baron Itacurussá (1889), yang judulnya diberikan dengan keindahan, adalah Manuel Miguel Martins (1831-1911), orang yang sangat kaya, menjadi seorang tuan tanah yang luas dan kapitalis di Rio de Janeiro. Istrinya Baroness Elisa de Mesquita Jerônima Martins, Count putri Mesquita dan Marquis dari cucu Bomfim itu. Baron adalah pembeli besar dari Lelang Paço Imperial, di mana selain banyak barang berharga ia juga membeli semua layanan porselen dari D. Pedro I dan pernikahan D. Amelia de Leuchtemburg itu.

Putranya, José de Mesquita Martins (1874-1916), lahir di Rio de Janeiro dan mati di Lisbon, adalah seorang pemain suling yang luar biasa, penggemar perangko penting dan pembeli dari triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Periode Ketiga – 1906-1916

Mr Charles J. Phillips perjalanan ke Brazil (dari Oktober 1909 hingga Februari 1910) untuk beberapa penelitian filateli, karena ia ingin memperbarui Katalog Prangko sudah terkenal Universal. Dia membeli sekitar lima ratus ribu perangko Brasil untuk Stanley Gibbons filateli rumah, di mana ia salah satu pemilik. Ia menghadiri sebuah pertemuan di Klub Kolektor New York, pada bulan Maret 1932, tentang perangko dari isu pos pertama Brasil, dan dia menulis sebuah artikel tentang ini, yang diterbitkan dalam majalah asosiasi filateli pada bulan April 1932. Berikut adalah beberapa bagian: “… bahwa pengumpulan Mr Pack memiliki strip vertikal dari dua perangko 30rs, kosong, dan satu cap 60rs … Ia menambahkan: … bahwa dia melihat bagian ini sekitar 25 tahun yang lalu dengan temannya Theo Lemaire, dari Avenue de l’Opera di Paris. Mr Lemaire dijual ini bagian dari nilai filateli langka untuk Mr Jorge E. Rodriguez, yang tinggal di Buenos Aires … dan … ketika koleksi ini terpecah pada 1916, ia datang ke tangan Mr Pack, seorang kolektor terkenal …”.

Sekitar 25 tahun yang lalu sesuai dengan tahun 1907, ketika bagian ini terlihat di tangan Mr Lemaire, editor Perancis dan dealer perangko, terletak di 16 Avenue de l’Opera.

Penjelasan untuk ini bagian muncul di Prancis dapat di koneksi dari sejarah yang diceritakan oleh Mr J. Costa dan Antônio Pereira da Silva. Mr J. Costa disebutkan dalam artikelnya: “Menurut apa yang kita ketahui, beberapa waktu kemudian pengumpul perangko kita berbicara tentang, sangat sedih dengan penyakit itu, disumbangkan kepada biarawan cas telo semua koleksi yang luar biasa, di mana ia menghabiskan lebih dari 400 $ 000 (empat ratus ribu Reis). Namun biarawan, berseragam tentang bagian berharga dari koleksi, memberi mereka pergi atau dijual mereka dengan harga rendah. Inilah sebabnya mengapa orang-orang langka muncul di Paris “.

Dalam º Filatélico Brasil n 163, dari Desember 1971, Mr Antonio Pereira da Silva berbicara tentang awal abad ke-20 dalam sebuah bagian-nya ‘Kenangan Philatelic’ berkata: “… Saya mulai berhenti di pintu Mr Felizardo Figueiredo di Sete de Setembro Street, hampir di sudut Tiradentes Square, untuk melihat apa yang hanya bisa membeli jutawan. Pelanggan yang terbaik adalah Baron putra Itacurussá itu, yang koleksi kemudian disumbangkan ke sebuah ordo religius Prancis “.
 
Kata ‘nanti’ dapat berarti sekitar 1906 dan di donasi menyebutkan Triplet Xiphopagus dimasukkan pasti. Hal ini seharusnya bahwa biarawan cas telo milik ordo religius yang sama Perancis dinyatakan oleh Mr Pereira da Silva, dan bahwa di sana semua koleksi atau bagian dari itu dikirim ke. Yang benar adalah bahwa Mr Lemaire membeli bagian ini dari ordo religius Perancis pada tahun 1906, atau mungkin awal 1907, karena Triplet Xiphopagus ditunjukkan dalam sebuah pameran di Perancis di tengah-tengah 1907.

Dan sebagai informasi tambahan, dalam sebuah pameran internasional di Paris, dari 21-30 Juni 1913, Mr Jorge Rodriguez mendapat Pameran Grand-Prix, vas Sèvres, tawaran dari Presiden Prancis. Koleksi ini menempati ruangan besar dan L’Echo de la majalah Timbrologie berbicara tentang hal itu mengatakan: “… koleksi diberikan secara eksklusif terdiri dari perangko yang tidak terpakai dari negara yang berbeda”. Pada bulan Agustus 1913, teks lengkap dari pemberitahuan diterbitkan di Sao Paulo Philatelico dan dijelaskan beberapa perangko dipamerkan, tetapi tidak menyebutkan Triplet dalam koleksi Rodriguez Mr itu.

Informasi yang diberikan oleh Mr Phillips bahwa bagian ini sudah menjadi milik Mr Rodriguez tampaknya memiliki kurangnya dasar. Adalah mungkin, tapi hampir benar, bahwa itu adalah kesalahan, karena seperti dikatakan beberapa baris di atas Mr Rodriguez seorang kolektor prangko hanya untuk yang tidak terpakai. Bahkan lebih, untuk mengkonfirmasi definitif kesalahan Mr Phillips saya menemukan, selama penelitian saya, di The Philatelic Masyarakat Royal di Stanley Gibbons Bulanan Journal, 30 Oktober 1911, sebuah artikel yang ditulis oleh Mr Pierre Mahé, telah kelembutan TH Mr. Lemaire, daftar dari Palmares dari Pameran Prangko Buenos Aires, yang diselenggarakan pada 28 Agustus-9 September, 1911.

Pada halaman 15, nama Bapak Theo Lemaire terdaftar sebagai peserta dan menggambarkan beberapa potongan Brasil koleksi: kelipatan digunakan 4 dari Angka miring 300rs, sebuah beberapa yang tidak terpakai dari 4 600rs Angka miring; pena -stroke beberapa 15 dari Angka miring 600rs dan strip Mata Bull vertikal dari 30rs, 30rs dan 60rs.

Hal ini jelas atau setidaknya yang paling mungkin bahwa semua potongan-potongan filateli Brasil, dua terakhir pasti, pada saat itu di bawah milik Mr Lemaire, pernah menjadi milik koleksi Mr Mesquita Martins dan kemudian disumbangkan ke para biarawan Prancis .

Periode Keempat – 1916-1944

Menurut Mr Charles J. Phillips, pada 1916 koleksi Mr Rodriguez dibagi dan dijual. Dari saat itu, “triplet XIPHOPAGUS” perangko Bull Mata berubah ke tangan kolektor Amerika Charles Lathrop Pack. Sungguh, Mr Lemaire dijual Triplet langsung ke Pak Kemas dan tinggal bersamanya selama 28 tahun. Di tangannya itu bisa ketenaran di seluruh dunia dan prestise.

Para Filatelico Brasil, dari edisi September 1944, menerbitkan sebuah rumah lelang iklan (Harmer, Rooke & Co, di New York) di bagian dalam sampul belakang majalah. Dikatakan: “Lelang Besar, pada 4 Desember 1944, dari koleksi terkenal CL Pack … Harmer, Rooke & Co dengan bangga mengumumkan penjualan dengan lelang koleksi terkenal diperkirakan oleh US $ 500.000,00 (setara dengan sepuluh juta cruzeiros) … Seluruh rangkaian koleksi dari Argentina, Brasil dan Spanyol memiliki potongan unik. Magnificent Rivadávias. Brasil pertama dan kedua masalah, termasuk jalur Mata Bull dari 30, 30 dan 60 “.

Jalur Pack dilelang pada tanggal 8 Desember 1944 dan itu terdaftar di bawah 824 banyak. Katalog menyatakan: “Langka dari koleksi perangko akhir Charles Lathrop Pack akan dijual dengan izin pemiliknya yang sekarang, Mr Arthur N. dan Mr Randolph G. Pack. Lot 824: 30, 30 dan 60rs. Jalur dengan 3 perangko: dua atas perangko 30rs dan yang bawah 60rs. Strip dikelilingi oleh marjin dan ringan dibatalkan. Cap atas memiliki sedikit tipis. Strip Pack adalah salah satu permata koleksi Pack. Ini adalah unik. Ini adalah bagian yang indah (lihat foto, piring 29) “.

Setelah lelang, rumah Harmer memberikan sebuah daftar dari potongan-potongan yang dijual dengan harga yang mereka dapatkan dan untuk banyak 824 itu US $ 6,250 (enam ribu, dua ratus lima puluh dolar). Hugo Fraccaroli dalam babad Conversa Fiada diterbitkan di Brasil Filatelico, dari Desember 1944, meramalkan bahwa potongan bisa mencapai harga minimal US $ 5,000 seperti tawaran datang dari Brazil. Tapi ia tidak menyebutkan yang tertarik. Sekali lagi, dalam babad yang sama, sekarang dari Maret 1945, Hugo Fraccaroli mengatakan bahwa nilai penjualan sama dengan Cr $ 125.000,00 (125000 cruzeiros).

Periode Kelima – 1944-1954
 
Pada tahun 1945, bagian ini ditawarkan kepada beberapa kolektor Brasil penting seperti Carlos Augusto Seabra dan Niso Vianna. Yang terakhir, dalam ingatan yang diterbitkan di Brasil Filatelico berkata: “Itu pada tahun 1945 bahwa Mr tertentu Souren datang ke kantor saya dan menunjukkan potongan, meminta 100 $ 000 (seratus ribu Reis). Orang ini adalah seorang pecandu judi yang telah putaran berkeliling dunia. Ketika dia punya uang dia membeli prangko dan ketika membutuhkannya dia menjual mereka. Jadi, ketika ia tiba buruk dan kikuk berpakaian, aku tidak percaya tawarannya. Namun, saat kami berbicara saya menyadari bahwa tak ada cheat untuk takut padanya. Ia mempresentasikan sebuah dokumen pembelian disahkan antara lain, apa yang membuat perasaan saya dari kecurigaan hilang. Saya tidak membeli sepotong karena mengira Figueiredo harga sangat tinggi “. Jumlah yang disebutkan di atas adalah setara dengan US $ 5,000 (lima ribu dolar) pada waktu itu.

Semua misteri itu terpecahkan. Pemilik sebenarnya dari Triplet adalah Bapak Y. Souren, yang membelinya di Harmer, Rooke & Co lelang itu.

Periode Keenam – 1954-1963

Edisi Spanyol majalah Life (dari Juli 1954) menerbitkan sebuah laporan penting tentang ‘Los Más del Mundo Sellos Raros’ dengan delapan halaman berwarna dan diilustrasikan. Dalam salah satu dari mereka ada adalah foto dari Triplet dengan harga: US $ 15.000 (lima belas ribu dolar). Bagian ini berjudul ‘La Crema de las mas Grandes Colecciones’ menginformasikan: “43 – Brasil 1843, sepasang 30 Reis dengan salah satu dari 60; Y. Souren ‘s Administrasi Legacy, New York”.

Di Bahia Filatélica n º 29, majalah yang diterbitkan Maret 1955, Edgard Teixeira mengacu pada pemberitahuan Associated Press dalam artikelnya menginformasikan Triplet itu dijual oleh seorang pedagang perangko dari New York, Robert Lyman, sebesar US $ 15.000.

Pada tanggal 16 Mei 1968, Mr AG Santos mengirim surat kepada Mr Robert Lyman, dealer filateli dari Boston, menanyakan informasi tentang hal ini. Mr Lyman menjawab: “… Saya membeli ‘Jalur Pack’ dari aset Y. an Souren ‘s di New York. Sebagai dealer filateli saya menjualnya ke Galvez Manoel akhir dari Madrid, yang juga dijual ke kolektor Contini dari Firenze Italia. Dengan penyebaran harta Contini itu, potongan diakuisisi oleh Dr JA Almeida Dias, yang Anda dapat menghubungi untuk informasi lebih lanjut “.

Mr Galvez adalah agen cap penting Spanyol, yang meninggal pada tahun 1960. Mr AG Santos mengirim surat kepada Almeida Dias, dokter dan kolektor dari Lisbon, meminta informasi, tapi ia tidak pernah menerima jawaban. Dia mencoba lagi melalui seorang teman yang disampaikan surat itu untuknya, tapi sekali lagi ia tidak mendapatkan jawaban.

Namun demikian, selama Pameran LUBRAPEX’72, diselenggarakan di Aveiro – Portugal, Maurino Ferreira, salah satu peserta pameran Brasil terbesar dari 70 dan 80, mendapat kunjungan dari Dr Almeida Dias di kamar hotelnya. Selama obrolan itu mengatakan beberapa rincian bagaimana Jalur Kemas datang ke Dr Dias tangan A.. Mr Maurino Ferreira menerbitkan sebuah artikel berjudul ‘Sejarah Little Jalur Pack’ di surat kabar Diario de Noticias, Belo Horizonte, pada tanggal 2 Juni 1985, dan di sini beberapa kata-katanya: “Setelah kematian sang earl Di Contini , ahli warisnya disampaikan koleksi ke dealer dari London, Boajanowicht (Polandia, nanti warga Inggris), yang menjual Jalur Pack untuk Dr JA Almeida Dias, di London, pada bulan Juni 1959, bersama dengan banyak relevan langka yang luar biasa , termasuk beberapa besar 90rs Angka miring, kertas tebal. Pada tanggal 30 November 1962, Dr Almeida Dias dijual Jalur Pack, bersama dengan semua koleksi berharga, ke dealer Michel, dari Hamer Hooke London, yang membuat lelang penting pada tahun 1963 “.

Akibatnya, tanggal penjualan Galvez untuk Contini, serta harga yang terlibat masih hilang.

Sejak 1959, koleksi Dr Almeida Dias telah dalam pameran internasional, di mana Triplet Xiphopagus selalu ditampilkan. Pada SICILIA’59 di Palermo, 16-26 Oktober, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan Penghargaan Khusus. Pada BARCELONA’60, dari 26 Maret-5 April, ia mendapat Medali Emas dan beberapa suara Pameran Grand-Prix. Pada LONDON’60 itu mendapat Medali Emas.

Periode Ketujuh – 1963-1969

London Harmer, Rooke & Co rumah memberi tahu dua katalog volume (satu teks dan foto satu) tentang lelang filateli potongan dari koleksi Dr Almeida Dias, yang akan diselenggarakan pada tanggal 7 dan 8 Maret 1963. Triplet itu banyak terdaftar sebagai 134. Deskripsi menyatakan: “Jalur Paket dirayakan terdiri strip vertikal 3 dengan dua salinan 30R tersebut. (NRS 11, 17) dan salinan 60r (tidak ada 5), ​​margin yang jelas semua bulat, besar pada tiga sisi, 30R atas memiliki hampir tak terlihat tipis, bagian yang sangat menarik; selain unik ini adalah salah satu langka filateli terbesar dalam dunia, tentu Brasil (foto) “.

Nilai sepotong diperkirakan adalah £ 8,000 (£ 8.000 bahasa Inggris). Dalam lelang, bagian ini mencapai total £ 8,250 (delapan ribu, £ 250 Inggris), sama dengan Cr $ 16.000.000,00 (enam belas juta cruzeiros) pada waktu itu.

Pada tanggal 28 Agustus 1965, Mr AG Santos berkonsultasi Mr Rolf Meyer, seorang pedagang perangko penting dari Sao Paulo, tentang hasil lelang. Ia memberitahu bahwa bagian itu tidak benar-benar dijual tetapi mereka bisnis internal, seperti yang telah dijual ke dealer cap Inggris KAMI Lea. Dia menjelaskan: “… Ini terjadi bahwa Harmer, Rooke & Co Rumah dan Mr Lea (kecuali saya salah) milik kelompok yang sama Stanley Gibbons. Jadi, potongan adalah perdagangan internal “.

Mr Meyer melanjutkan: “Beberapa waktu setelah lelang, Ferndinad d’Almeida sepotong diperoleh dalam pertukaran untuk nya Hong Kong Koleksi dan perangko lainnya, tetapi sebagai Mr d’Almeida dirinya bertanya, sepotong tetap di London akan dikirimkan hanya pada akhir transaksi. Mr d’Almeida memiliki masalah kesehatan dan sakit parah, meskipun dia tidak dalam bahaya kehidupan. Mungkin transaksi ini akan dibatalkan, apa yang sedang memutuskan sekarang “.

Ferdinad J. d’Almeida adalah hidup kolektor terkenal di Sao Paulo. Meskipun warga Inggris, ia lahir di Hong Kong, alasan untuk spesialisasi filateli nya. Ketika ia jatuh sakit pada pertengahan tahun 1965, ia mengambil kapal ke London, saat ia dimaksudkan untuk mendapatkan baik lagi di rumah bahasa Inggrisnya.

Mr Áureo G. Santos menulis surat kepada Rolf Meyer, yang jawaban 22 Maret 1968 menerangi beberapa poin lainnya. Dia memberitahu: “sepotong itu dijual di lelang Almeida Dias untuk Lea agen cap bahasa Inggris. Ini adalah apa yang resmi dikatakan dan itu dipamerkan di Show Gibbons Stamp Centenary Stanley sebagai milik Ferdinad d’Almeida, seorang pengumpul perangko dari São Paulo. Transaksi ini tidak terwujud, itu pasti bubar setelah d’Almeida mengalami serangan otak “.

Dalam pengumpul perangko London n º 871, dari bulan Juli 1965, Stanley Gibbons Rumah dipublikasikan sebuah iklan seluruh halaman dengan foto triplet XIPHOPAGUS.

Menyimpulkan, penjualan kelangkaan ini Mr d’Almeida pernah benar-benar dicapai dan pada kenyataannya jarang ini tetap pada properti Stanley Gibbons Grup Philatelic Gedung sampai 1969.

Kedelapan Periode – 1969-1986

Stanley Gibbons, pada tahun 1968 Katalog Prangko nya, yang diterbitkan sebuah iklan seluruh halaman tentang Triplet dengan foto nya, dimasukkan dalam bagian Prangko Brasil.

Tahun berikutnya, 4-5 Februari 1969, Stanley Gibbons mengadakan lelang internasional dari koleksi Lars Amundsen, dengan prangko klasik dari Eropa, Asia dan Amerika Selatan. Setelah katalog ini, saya memverifikasi bahwa Triplet Xiphopagus dimasukkan antara potongan-potongan yang ditawarkan. Itu terdaftar di bawah 185 banyak dan mereka diberitahu bahwa mereka memiliki 1967 Kerajaan Sertifikat Philatelic Masyarakat. Nilai estimasi untuk bagian ini adalah £ 8,000 (£ 8.000) atau US $ 19.200,00 (19.000, dua ratus dolar). Jadi, kurs pada waktu itu adalah US $ 2,40 untuk pound Inggris.

Stanley Gibbons memberi kesan bahwa Triplet milik Amundsen pengumpul perangko terkenal. Kebenaran adalah bahwa itu hanya trik promosi. Rumah benar-benar dimiliki filateli Inggris kemudian.

Triplet itu dijual oleh £ 8,700 (delapan ribu, tujuh ratus pon). Sekali lagi cap agen Amerika Robert Lyman mengambil bagian dalam bisnis, kali ini berjudul sebagai broker dan mewakili Amerika kolektor terkenal Norman S. Hubbard, pembeli yang sebenarnya.

Set perangko yang sangat baik dari Brasil dari Mr Hubbard dipamerkan di WIPA’81, dan mendapat Medali Emas Besar. Ini terdiri dari Mata Bull digunakan dan tidak digunakan berpasangan, strip dan kelipatan, selain banyak penutup. Mereka semua potongan yang luar biasa, termasuk triplet XIPHOPAGUS terkenal.

Kesembilan Periode – 1986-1994

Sementara Pameran Dunia AMERIPEX’86 sedang berlangsung di Chicago, dari 22 Mei-1 Juni 1986, Robert A. Siegel Lelang Galeri Inc mengadakan lelang penting. Acara ini berlangsung di Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hotel, pada 25 Mei, di mana ‘The Gordon N. Yohanes Classic Brasil’ koleksi dilelang. Siegel filateli rumah mengeluarkan katalog yang indah dengan 46 halaman, cover hitam dan emas dan foto hitam dan putih, khusus untuk prangko Bull Mata, bagian dari koleksi disebutkan. Pada sampul depan foto dari Triplet Xiphopagus terkenal yang terdaftar sebagai banyak 2024. Deskripsi menyatakan: “2024 – 30R Hitam, Pasangan Vertikal di Jalur Gaza Tiga penyewa Se-dengan 60r, para ‘Paket Jalur’ (1a). Kedua komposit piring, Negara ‘D’, 30R posisi 11 dan 17, 60r posisi 5, besar untuk margin besar, membagi dua garis luar dan sentral antara 30R bawah dan nilai 60r, PMKS 1844 tanpa bingkai rapi ‘Correio da Corte Geral’, cahaya lipatan hanya disebutkan ‘untuk catatan’ dan sama sekali tidak mengurangi nilai dari Harta Philatelic unik. Dianggap berada di sepuluh besar langka Dunia dan tentu saja di kelas yang sama sebagai Magenta Inggris 1p Guyana dan Mauritius yang ‘Kantor Pos’ Meliputi. Ex Pack, Almeida Dias, Amundsen. Perkiraan nilai US $ 250,000.00 – US $ 300,000.00 “.

Hal ini jelas bahwa menjaga Lars Amundsen sebagai salah satu pemilik Triplet sebelumnya, seperti Stanley Gibbons dalam lelang 1969 dimaksud, mereka melakukannya dengan tujuan untuk memperkuat nilai potongan. Bahkan tidak pernah menjadi miliknya. Dengan cara yang sama, saat ini, dikatakan bahwa pemilik hadir adalah Dr Hubbard dan bukan yang disebutkan dalam katalog. Gordon N. John hanya nama samaran untuk efek umum.

Saya menghadiri acara ini dengan Mr Angelo Lima, kami berdua sebagai peserta pameran dalam AMERIPEX. Dia tidak menunjukkan minat yang besar untuk potongan. Selama lelang ada pertempuran tawaran antara broker dan Bapak Peter Meyer, seorang pedagang perangko dari São Paulo (Brazil). Broker mendapat yang lebih baik dengan tawaran sebesar US $ 250.000,00 (dua ratus lima puluh ribu dolar). Suatu hari nanti Mr Angelo Lima, Portugis naturalisasi Brasil dan industri di Sao Paulo, dalam kebahagiaan besar mengatakan kepada saya ia telah pembeli akhir. Setelah 86 tahun di luar negeri, Triplet Xiphopagus kembali ke Brasil lagi.

Mr Lima menjadi kolektor Brasil terbesar dan peserta sepanjang masa dengan koleksi nya Kekaisaran Brasil 1843-1866 dan juga Juara Nasional terbesar. Dia mendapat beberapa penghargaan internasional sebagai International Grand-Prix dan Medali Emas Besar di PHILEXFRANCE ’89, Kejuaraan Grand-Prix di PHILANIPPON ’91 dan dua Medali Emas besar di tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

Kesepuluh Periode – 1995-2008

Setelah mendapatkan dua penghargaan terbesar internasional filateli, International Grand-Prix dan Grand Prix Champions, Mr Lima memutuskan untuk menjual koleksinya. Rumah lelang yang dipilih adalah David Feldman S / A, yang pada tahun 1993 penjualannya katalog tentang Amerika Latin (n º 3) mempresentasikan Triplet Xiphopagus ke pasar filateli sebagai banyak 30045. Itu yang dijelaskan pada halaman 11: “pasangan di strip vertikal 30rs ‘se-penyewa’ tiga dengan 60rs – ‘Jalur Pack’ yang terkenal dari pelat komposit yang kedua, negara ‘D’, 30rs posisi 11 dan 17, 60rs posisi 5. Besar untuk margin besar, dua luar dan satu garis pemisah sentral antara bawah dan nilai 30rs 60rs, dibatalkan dua kali oleh PMKS tanpa bingkai 1844 ‘Correio da Corte Geral’, lipatan cahaya disebutkan untuk akurasi saja. Charles Lathrop Pack (1857-1937) adalah seorang pembeli utama pada penjualan Ferrary dan membentuk studi khusus penting dari masalah klasik dunia. Koleksi Brasil adalah sebuah legenda di masa hidupnya. Strip ini ‘se-penyewa’ berkumpul ketenaran besar diakui sebagai item yang paling spektakuler di seluruh koleksi Pack dan menjadi diterima sebagai salah satu SEPULUH TOP DUNIA langka di semua filateli. Jelas item yang paling berharga dan penting dari Brazil dan Amerika Selatan semua filateli. Ex. Pak, Almeida Dias, Amundsen dan Hubbard. Perkiraan Nilai: SFr1.000.000 “.

Sekali Amundsen lebih disebutkan sebagai pemilik sebelumnya dari bagian ini. Dia tidak ada hubungannya dengan itu. Dalam daftar mereka memberi tahu tentang hasil lelang potongan dianggap telah dijual oleh satu juta franc Swiss. Bahkan itu tidak benar-benar dijual. Kemudian, pada tahun 1995, pasar filateli internasional diberitahu bahwa dalam bisnis memperlakukan swasta, Triplet Xiphopagus kembali kepada pemiliknya semula, Amerika, Nornam S. Hubbard.

Sampai saat ini belum ada konfirmasi resmi dari detail bisnis. Ada kabut saja dan kabut, namun diketahui bahwa Mr Hubbard membayar US $ 650.000,00 (enam ratus lima puluh ribu dolar untuk “Jalur Pack”. Selain itu ia juga menghabiskan uang lebih untuk membeli Brasil indah dan penting lainnya potongan dari mantan koleksi-Mr Lima, seperti: blok yang tidak terpakai dari empat 300rs miring, sebuah blok 18 (delapan belas) perangko dari 90rs miring ditambah 60rs Mata Bull pada sepotong besar dibatalkan dengan Rio Grande do cap pos Norte ; blok digunakan 6 (enam) dari 180rs miring dan blok yang tidak digunakan 4 (empat) dari 600rs miring.

Sayangnya “Jalur Pack” meninggalkan Brazil lagi.

Periode Kesebelas – 2008 di

Pada 5 Juni 2008, rumah lelang Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc, yang berlokasi di New York, telah menginformasikan penjualan perangko Brasil, melalui pelelangan umum, dari Koleksi Islander. Para Triplet Xiphopagus adalah bagian dari penjualan ini, telah menerima jumlah 17 pada katalog yang dihasilkan indah dan dijual oleh nilai catatan mengesankan $ 1.900,000.00 (ditambah premi 15% pembeli). Itu jauh harga tertinggi yang pernah dicapai oleh sebuah item filateli Amerika Latin dan nama pembeli tidak pengungkapan. Itu adalah belajar dari informasi orang dalam bahwa agen Amerika, Irwin Weinberg, membeli sekitar 20% dari banyak Kepulauan. Beberapa sumber telah menyatakan bahwa item tersebut dibeli sebagai investasi dan untuk beberapa sumber lain Triplet Xiphopagus tidak dijual dan masih tetap di tangan pemilik Koleksi Kepulauan, Utara-Amerika Mr Norman S. Hubbard. Sebuah sumber mengatakan bahwa ketiga item tersebut benar-benar dijual karena ada penawar di $ 1,8 M – Mr Armand Rousso – yang hadir di ruangan itu. Itu dijual kepada penawar lewat telepon yang ingin, untuk sementara waktu, untuk tetap anonim.

 
 the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War’s Postal and Document History Collections Part V 1949

 


Cas_Oorthuys_Indonesia_1949a

    • Protest slogan for independenc 1949

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part V 1949

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Showecase:

 

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part V in 1949

A.PROLOG

1. Markas Komando Djawa 1948-1949

k

Abdul Haris Nasution Kol.TNI beliefs (the last of the Five-Star General) that the soldiers who do not have the support of the people must be defeated.
In the Revolution of Independence I (1946-1948), when leading Siliwangi Division, Pak Nas pulled the second lesson. People supporting the TNI. From this was born the idea of guerrilla warfare as a form of people’s war. Method of warfare is freely developed after Pak Nas became Commander of Java in the Revolution of Independence II (1948-1949).

original info in Indonesian language:

Keyakinan Kol.TNI Abdul Haris Nasution (terakhir Jendral besar Bintang Lima)  bahwa tentara yang tidak mendapat dukungan rakyat pasti kalah.
Dalam Revolusi Kemerdekaan I (1946-1948), ketika memimpin Divisi Siliwangi, Pak Nas menarik pelajaran kedua. Rakyat mendukung TNI. Dari sini lahir gagasannya tentang perang gerilya sebagai bentuk perang rakyat. Metode perang ini dengan leluasa dikembangkannya setelah Pak Nas menjadi Panglima Komando Jawa dalam masa Revolusi Kemerdekaan II (1948-1949).

look the cover of vintage book “Markas Komando Djawa “(Java Command Headquaters)

2.The Indonesian east sumatra  National Police(POLRI) 1949

 
MAS KADIRAN

Mobile Brigade residency Tapanuli IN militarization
 

1) Based on the assessment board of the Regional Defence Forces Tapanuli Mobile Brigade in Militerisasikan be KERESIDNENAN Tapanuli IV Battalion Regiment Brigade XI Tapanuli I TRI and MAS KADIRAN became Battalion Commander IV-I TRI Brigade Regiment with the rank XI MAJOR TRI (Army of the Republic of Indonesia) by the number of troops as much as 380 people complete with weapons including Heavy Weapons (cannon) and the Panzer Wagon Lezonik with Ammunition and Weapons and ammunition reserves.

2) With the Militerisasikan MBK Tapanuli be YON IV MEN I TRI Brig XI under the Tactical Commander Brigade Regiment I Tapanuli XI MAJOR Panggabean and Technical MARADEN under Chief Residency Tapanuli.

k. MBK / YON IV MEN – I Brig XI Tapanuli IN muster to Parapat

1) Dutch aggression in East Sumatra expanding cities in Sumatra in the East was controlled by the Dutch and the Dutch would extend their area by going to the area Parapat. Based on the Regional Defense Command Council Tapanuli and MEN-I Commander Brig IV MAJOR Tapanuli MARADEN Panggabean order Yon IV Force Brig XI MEN-I leave for Parapat Dutch troops to hold its speed of movement. Based on the MAS command KADIRAN with troops depart to Parapat.

2) On arrival in Parapat KADIRAN MAS Coordination with the Force held the Third Regiment under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Tapanuli Siahaan Jansen and the coordination is in agree that MAS KADIRAN as BATTLE COMMANDERS in Parapat to stem the movement of the Dutch troops. Forces MBK / YON – IV MEN – MEN I and members – aided III Society makes Defense Barricades arranged in a big way from AEK Nauli to Parapat and conduct reconnaissance and Pos-Pos Defense in Relay from AEK Nauli to Parapat

3) On day 15 in Parapat obtained news from investigators that the Dutch troops were 15 km from Aek Nauli, the troops under the command MAS KADIRAN ready to fight by way of ambush and destruction in Aek Nauli, at 03.00.Wib all Troops ready in Aek Nauli and at 05.00.Wib pass-Battle fierce battle in a big way Aek Nauli – Parapat.

4) At 10.00.Wib appear 2 Aircraft by firing on the Dutch Defense – defense and an important place in Parapat, the emergence of two Dutch-owned Aircraft Defense Forces opened fire on a split MAS KADIRAN resulting Blind Defense Forces become fragmented and MAS KADIRAN ordered his troops to retreat to Parapat. In this battle forces suffered many losses KADIRAN MAS.

5) Within 21 days Forces MBK / YON IV MEN – I Tapanuli KADIRAN MAS leader, top PerintahDewan Defense and Commander of the Regiment – I IX Brigade Troops Tapanuli to MBK Tapanuli / YON IV MEN – I Brig XI returned to the Parent Unit in Sibolga and Parapat Area Commander in the hand over to the MAJOR LEBERTY terimakan Malau in Parapat.

l. ESTABLISHMENT OF MOBILE Brigade – I SUMATRA AND MOBILE Brigade Tapanuli SOUTH

1) Based on the warrant of the Branch Bureau of the Republic of Indonesia National Police Mobile Brigade was formed for the Great Sumatra – Sumatra (Aceh and East Sumatra – Tapanuli) and designated as Pimpinanya POLICE INSPECTOR CLASS – I SUMATRA Humala Silalahi with the position and is headquartered in the School of Agriculture Sibarani Video Boti and by the Command Chief of Police Residency Tapanuli in the form of Mobile Brigade Tapanuli SOUTH and designate as chairman POLICE INSPECTOR Ibn based in Padang Sidempuan.

m. BATTLE MBB – I SUMATRA TO Legion PENGGEMPUR

1) When Using MAJOR GENERAL Suparto in Tarutung to Briefings on the Residency in Tapanuli Forces which was attended by COLONEL Siahaan Jansen, MARADEN Panggabean MAJOR, MAJOR MAJOR Bejo and MAS KADIRAN. at the hearing that there was fighting between troops MBB-Sumatra with Legion forces on the track Penggempur Boti, COLONEL Siahaan Jansen as a responsible regional security in Toba asked MAJOR MARADEN Panggabean and MAS KADIRAN and MAJOR Bejo for review to the Field.

2) Arriving at the song Boti into four commanders met Humala Silalahi MBB-I Chief of Sumatra, from the explanation POLICE INSPECTOR Humala Silalahi that legions PENGGEMPUR successfully disarmed troops Armament-Sumatra MBB, MBB troops heard this – I do Assault precedes Sumatra. Hearing this explanation then COLONEL Siahaan Jansen as Regiment Commander – Brigade III – XI Tapanuli, ask MARADEN Panggabean MAJOR, MAJOR MAJOR MAS KADIRAN Bejo and to take precautions.

3) With the approval of the 3 Commander, then on Apply Tapanuli troops to secure the area, then there was fighting in Sibolga, Tarutung, songs Boti, Porsea, until the Border Labuhan Batu, OLD MOUNTAIN, CITY LONG LINGGA Pinang. Finally, with the Wisdom of the Government of Indonesia Tapanuli, Chairman-chairman and Chairman of the Peoples Party in Tarutung, then there was peace in Pangaribuan to stop the fighting by both sides because Indonesia only harm and benefit the nation the Netherlands, with the result that the talks are not mutually agree to end strike each of the forces in drag to the parent Its units, troops MBB Tapanuli in Drag to Padang Sidempuan.

n. BROTHERS IN WAR Tapanuli

1) Some months duration Tapanuli area free of distractions Battle of the armed movement, but movement of the Dutch troops who are in Parapat not cease to infiltration by Divide and Conquer between the People by the People, the Army Forces, all the more so where the Force Commander has been no readiness so often drawn to the pitting, especially after the gathering of forces-forces of East Sumatra in Tapanuli, so that the number of troops in Tapanuli the friction between troops is very possible.

1) So that was happening in Tapanuli of the strongest forces of East Sumatra was at loggerheads in Tapanuli, one party is in force Unity Bull Lead by the MAJOR L. Malau and one more party-B Forces Brigade and the Brigade Leaders MAJOR Bejo-A led by Saragih ROS Two troops of the East Sumatra in Tapanuli berselih understand, so that the combined strength of weapons including XI Brigade became broken and each brings their way individual and eventually attack the Dormitory BATALIYON Brigade – XI in Padang Sidempuan. In this case his Battalion Commander Dies

2) With the crisis MAS KADIRAN MBK Chief Commissioner KLS I Tapanuli and M. Nurdin To Police Resident Resident Tapanuli in calling facing Tapanuli Dr. F.L. TOBING in the talks that Chief MBK Tapanuli MAS KADIRAN firmly take the road side with brigade-B in South Tapanuli and MAS KADIRAN appealed to Chief Resident Tapanuli Dr.FLTOBING to bring his troops into the field Sidempuan to avoid clashes between the Brigade – A and brigades – B.

3) The battle between the forces and Bull Brigade – B occurs which began STEM Toru, Pandaan and arrived in Sibolga, after many casualties the two armies finally entered into negotiations in Sibolga which was attended by Dr. VICE PRESIDENT. Mohd. HATTA. Completed negotiations then Brigade – B led MAJOR Bejo, supported by MAS KADIRAN back to South Tapanuli Bull Forces Leadership and L. Tapanuli Malau to North and Central Tapanuli be submitted to the brigade and Army XI Tapanuli Navy Indonesia

Weigh SOVEREIGNTY AND RECEIVED BY DUTCH POLICE

IN residency Tapanuli

1) Under the command of Police Chief of North Sumatra, in order to prepare troops MAS KADIRAN MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra Police to handover the Netherlands to the Indonesian police, with the news of the Joint Officer CAPTAIN IBRAHIM HAJI, on the appointed day the North Sumatra Police chief Mr Darwin Karim and Mas Kadiran with 2 Company MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra and 1 Battalion – B Mursalin Tello leaders went to Padang Sidempuan to weigh thank the Dutch police, from Padang Sidempuan continued to Sibolga and Tarutung, Weigh accept walk safely, orderly and smooth .

2) While the time to wait for orders received in the weigh in East Sumatra, North Sumatra Police chief Adjunct Senior Commissioner then DARWIN KARIM live in Sibolga with Staff-staff to take care of everything for Police Police stations have received throughout the South Tapanuli, Mas Kadiran ordered Company – C towards Sibolga Go to Company D and P. Sidempuan, Staff Member MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra in order to join the Mas Kadiran Sibolga. While Company A and B remain in Balige to wait for the next command into the East Sumatra to Weigh received by the Dutch Police.

V. Weigh THANK THE POLICE

DUTCH IN EASTERN SUMATRA

By Order Police chief Comr for Sumatra Mr. Commandments UMAR SAID and North Sumatra Police Chief to enter into eastern Sumatra to conduct weigh thank the Dutch National Police, on the day that has been set by two men of Mas Kadiran in Balige. Hanafi Commander and went to Sumatra, West Sumatra MBB East Regional division of MBB-Sumatra-Aceh leader Mas Kadiran do weigh receive in P, Siantar, high cliffs danMedansedangkan MBB-II Sunar do weigh received in Tanjung Balai and Rantau Prapat.

 

original info in Indonesia language:

  MOBILE BRIGADE KERESIDENAN TAPANULI DI MILITERISASI

 

1) Berdasarkan Ketetapan dewan Pertahanan Daerah Tapanuli Pasukan MOBILE BRIGADE KERESIDNENAN TAPANULI di Militerisasikan menjadi BATALYON IV RESIMEN I TRI BRIGADE XI TAPANULI dan MAS KADIRAN menjadi KOMANDAN BATALYON IV RESIMEN-I TRI BRIGADE XI dengan Pangkat MAYOR TRI (Tentara Republik Indonesia ) dengan jumlah Pasukan sebanyak 380 orang lengkap dengan senjatanya termasuk Senjata Berat (Meriam) dan Panser Wagon Lezonik dengan Amunisi serta Cadangan Senjata dan Amunisi. 

2) Dengan di Militerisasikan MBK Tapanuli menjadi YON IV MEN I TRI BRIG XI secara Taktis di bawah Komandan Resimen I BRIGADE XI Tapanuli MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN dan Tehnis di bawah Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Tapanuli. 

k. MBK / YON IV MEN – I BRIG XI TAPANULI DI KERAHKAN KE PARAPAT

1) Agresi Belanda di Sumatera Timur semakin luas Kota –kota di Sumatera Timur sudah di kuasai oleh Belanda dan Belanda akan meluaskan daerahnya dengan menuju daerah PARAPAT. Berdasarkan Perintah Dewan Pertahanan Daerah Tapanuli dan Komandan MEN-I BRIG IV TAPANULI MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN agar Pasukan Yon IV MEN-I BRIG XI berangkat menuju Parapat menahan gerak lajunya Pasukan Belanda. Berdasarkan perintah tersebut MAS KADIRAN dengan Pasukannya berangkat ke Parapat.

2) Setibanya di Parapat MAS KADIRAN mengadakan Koordinasi dengan Pasukan RESIMEN III TAPANULI dibawah Komando LETKOL JANSEN SIAHAAN dan dalam Koordinasi ini di sepakati bahwa MAS KADIRAN sebagai KOMANDAN PERTEMPURAN di Parapat guna membendung gerak Pasukan Belanda. Pasukan MBK / YON – IV MEN – I dan Anggota MEN – III dibantu Masyarakat membuat Pertahanan Barikade di jalan besar yang disusun dari AEK NAULI sampai PARAPAT dan mengadakan Pos-Pos pengintaian dan Pertahanan secara Estafet dari AEK NAULI sampai PARAPAT

3) Pada hari ke 15 di Parapat didapat berita dari penyelidik bahwa Pasukan Belanda sudah berada 15 Km dari Aek Nauli, maka Pasukan yang berada di bawah Komando MAS KADIRAN siap untuk melawan dengan cara Penghadangan dan Penghancuran di Aek Nauli, pada pukul 03.00.Wib seluruh Pasukan sudah siap di Aek Nauli dan pada pukul 05.00.Wib terjadilah Pertempuran –Pertempuran yang sengit di jalan besar Aek Nauli – Parapat.

4) Pukul 10.00.Wib muncul 2 Pesawat Terbang Belanda dengan menembaki Pertahanan – pertahanan dan tempat penting di Parapat, munculnya 2 Pesawat Terbang milik Belanda menembaki Pertahanan Pasukan MAS KADIRAN secara membagi Buta sehingga mengakibatkan Pertahanan Pasukan menjadi terpecah dan MAS KADIRAN memerintahkan Pasukannya untuk mundur ke Parapat. Dalam Pertempuran ini Pasukan MAS KADIRAN mengalami banyak kerugian.

5) Dalam waktu 21 hari lamanya Pasukan MBK / YON IV MEN – I Tapanuli Pimpinan MAS KADIRAN, atas PerintahDewan Pertahanan dan Komandan Resimen – I BRIGADE IX Tapanuli agar Pasukan MBK Tapanuli / YON IV MEN – I BRIG XI kembali ke Induk Satuan di Sibolga dan Komandan Parapat Area di serah terimakan kepada MAYOR LEBERTY MALAU di Parapat.

l. PEMBENTUKAN MOBILE BRIGADE BESAR – I SUMATERA DAN MOBILE BRIGADE KABUPATEN TAPANULI SELATAN 

1) Berdasarkan Surat Perintah dari Cabang Jawatan Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia untuk Sumatera dibentuk Mobile Brigade Besar – I Sumatera (Aceh-Sumatera Timur – Tapanuli ) dan ditunjuk sebagai Pimpinanya INSPEKTUR POLISI KELAS – I SUMATERA HUMALA SILALAHI dengan kedudukan dan bermarkas di Sekolah Pertanian Sibarani Lagu Boti dan berdasarkan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Keresidenan Tapanuli di bentuk MOBILE BRIGADE KABUPATEN TAPANULI SELATAN dan di tunjuk sebagai pimpinannya INSPEKTUR POLISI IBNU berkedudukan di Padang Sidempuan. 

m. PERTEMPURAN MBB – I SUMATERA DENGAN LEGIUN PENGGEMPUR

1) Pada Saat MAYOR JENDERAL SUPARTO berada di Tarutung untuk melakukan Brifing terhadap Pasukan Keresidenan di Tapanuli yang di hadiri oleh KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN, MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN, MAYOR BEJO dan MAYOR MAS KADIRAN. di dengar bahwa terjadi Pertempuran antara Pasukan MBB-I Sumatera dengan Pasukan Legiun Penggempur di LAGU BOTI, KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN selaku penanggung jawab Kemananan di Daerah Toba meminta kepada MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN dan MAS KADIRAN serta MAYOR BEJO untuk meninjau ke Lapangan. 

2) Sesampainya di Lagu Boti ke 4 Komandan ini menemui HUMALA SILALAHI Kepala MBB- I Sumatera, dari penjelasan INSPEKTUR POLISI HUMALA SILALAHI bahwa LEGIUN PENGGEMPUR berhasil melucuti Persenjataan Pasukan MBB- I Sumatera, mendengar hal ini Pasukan MBB – I Sumatera mendahului melakukan Penyerangan. Mendengar penjelasan ini maka KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN sebagai KOMANDAN RESIMEN – III BRIGADE – XI TAPANULI, meminta kepada MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN, MAYOR BEJO dan MAYOR MAS KADIRAN untuk mengambil tindakan pengamanan.

3) Dengan adanya persetujuan dari ke 3 Komandan, maka di kerahkanlah Pasukan untuk mengamankan daerah Tapanuli, maka terjadilah pertempuran di SIBOLGA, TARUTUNG, LAGU BOTI, PORSEA, sampai dengan ke Perbatasan LABUHAN BATU, GUNUNG TUA, LINGGA PANJANG KOTA PINANG. Akhirnya dengan Kebijaksanaan Pemerintah RI Tapanuli, Ketua-ketua partai dan Ketua Adat di Tarutung, maka terjadilah Perdamaian di PANGARIBUAN untuk menghentikan Pertempuran oleh kedua pihak karena hanya merugikan Bangsa Indonesia dan menguntungkan pihak Belanda saja, dengan hasil Perundingan itu di sepakati untuk tidak saling menyerang akhirnya masing-masing Pasukan di tarik ke induk Satuannya, pasukan MBB Tapanuli di Tarik ke Padang Sidempuan. 

n. PERANG SAUDARA DI TAPANULI 

1) Beberapa Bulan lamanya daerah Tapanuli bebas dari gangguan gerakan Pertempuran bersenjata, tetapi gerakan tentara Belanda yang berada di Parapat tidak henti-hentinya melakukan Infiltrasi dengan Politik Adu Domba antara Rakyat dengan Rakyat, Pasukan dengan Pasukan, terlebih–lebih dimana Komandan Pasukan belum ada kesiapan sehingga sering terpancing untuk di adu domba, apalagi setelah berkumpulnya Pasukan-Pasukan dari Sumatera Timur di Tapanuli, sehingga dengan banyaknya Pasukan di Tapanuli maka gesekan-gesekan antar Pasukan sangat mungkin terjadi.

1) Demikian yang terjadi di Tapanuli dari Pasukan yang terkuat dari Sumatera Timur tersebut berselisih paham di tapanuli, satu pihak pasukan Kesatuan Banteng yang di Pimpin oleh MAYOR L. MALAU dan satu pihak lagi Pasukan BRIGADE-B Pimpinan MAYOR BEJO dan BRIGADE-A yang di pimpin oleh SARAGIH ROS Dua Pasukan dari Sumatera Timur tersebut berselih paham di Tapanuli, sehingga gabungan Kekuatan Senjata yang termasuk BRIGADE XI menjadi pecah dan masing-masing membawa jalannya masing-masing dan akhirnya terjadi Penyerangan ke Asrama BATALIYON BRIGADE – XI di Padang Sidempuan. Dalam hal ini Komandan Batalyon nya Meninggal Dunia

2) Dengan adanya krisis tersebut MAS KADIRAN Kepala MBK Tapanuli dan KOMPOL KLS I M. NURDIN Kepada Polisi Residen Tapanuli di panggil menghadap Residen Tapanuli Dr. F.L. TOBING dalam pembicaraan itu Kepala MBK Tapanuli MAS KADIRAN dengan tegas mengambil jalan memihak BRIGADE-B di Tapanuli Selatan dan MAS KADIRAN memohon kepada Kepala Residen Tapanuli Dr.F.L.TOBING untuk membawa Pasukannya ke Padang Sidempuan untuk mengindari Bentrokan antara BRIGADE – A dan BRIGADE – B.

3) Pertempuran antara Pasukan Banteng dan Brigade – B terjadi dimana mulai BATANG TORU, PANDAAN dan sampai di SIBOLGA, setelah banyak memakan korban akhirnya kedua pasukan mengadakan Perundingan di Sibolga yang di hadiri oleh WAKIL PRESIDEN Dr. MOHD. HATTA. Selesai perundingan maka BRIGADE – B di pimpin MAYOR BEJO yang di dukung oleh MAS KADIRAN kembali ke Tapanuli Selatan dan Pasukan Banteng Pimpinan L. MALAU ke Tapanuli Utara dan Tapanuli Tengah di serahkan kepada BRIGADE XI TAPANULI dan Pasukan Angkatan Laut Indonesia

KEDAULATAN DAN TIMBANG TERIMA DENGAN KEPOLISIAN BELANDA

DI KERESIDENAN TAPANULI

1) Berdasarkan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Utara, MAS KADIRAN agar mempersiapkan Pasukan MBB-I Sumut-Aceh untuk serah terima Kepolisian Belanda kepada Kepolisian Indonesia, dengan adanya berita dari Joint Officer KAPTEN IBRAHIM HAJI, pada hari yang sudah ditentukan maka kepala Kepolisian Sumut Bapak Darwin Karim dan Mas Kadiran dengan 2 Kompi MBB-I Sumut-Aceh dan 1 Batalyon – B pimpinan MURSALIN TELLO berangkat ke Padang Sidempuan untuk timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda, dari Padang Sidempuan dilanjutkan ke Sibolga dan Tarutung, Timbang terima berjalan dengan aman, tertib dan lancar.

2) Sementara waktu untuk menunggu perintah dalam timbang terima di Sumatera Timur, maka Kepala Kepolisian Sumut AKBP DARWIN KARIM tinggal di Sibolga bersama Staf-stafnya untuk mengurus segala sesuatu untuk Kepolisian timbang terima Kepolisian diseluruh Tapanuli Selatan, Mas Kadiran memerintahkan Kompi – C untuk menuju Sibolga dan Kompi D Menuju ke P.Sidempuan, Anggota Staf MBB-I Sumut-Aceh agar menuju Sibolga bergabung dengan Mas Kadiran. Sedangkan Kompi A dan B tetap tinggal di Balige untuk menunggu Perintah selanjutnya masuk ke Sumatera Timur untuk Timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda.

V. TIMBANG TERIMA DENGAN KEPOLISIAN

BELANDA DI SUMATERA TIMUR

Atas Perintah Kepala Kepolisian untuk Sumatera Bapak KOMBES POL UMAR SAID dan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Utara agar masuk kedalam Sumatera Timur untuk mengadakan timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda, pada hari yang sudah di tentukan Mas Kadiran dengan dua Kompi yang berada di Balige. dan Hanafi Komandan MBB Sumbar berangkat ke Sumatera Timur dengan pembagian Daerah MBB-I Sumatera-Aceh Pimpinan Mas Kadiran melakukan timbang terima di P,Siantar, Tebing tinggi danMedansedangkan MBB-II Sunar melakukan timbang terima di Tanjung Balai dan Rantau Prapat.

B.CHRONOLOGY HISTORIC COLLECTION 1949

JANUARY 1949

 1.January

Julius Kardinal information(1978)

at the early January 1949(Pada permulaan bulan januari 1949,)

Bantul regency capital city, 6 km from Ganjuran, Army occupied the Netherlands. makinmencekam atmosphere bai population. At lunch time there was a sudden often datanganya Dutch soldiers, all panicked, ran to evacuate, although most are not true and at night came the attacks of the Parties to the TNI. One morning I received a report from the hospital kitchen that supplies of fuel wood is almost gone. At about 9:00 I was with a young man riding a bike into the village behind the hospital to look for firewood. Apparently the village was deserted, the people already displaced. Fortunately, the intended father’s family home and tend to have quite a lot of firewood supply and willing to help. unfinished pembuicaraan how far the transportation of the eruption sounded, followed by the hiss and the two eruptions in place. Soon there was an eruption of the other majors, the same hiss and ended with two eruptions as well. We both immediately ride a bike to the hospital to attend disana.Seluruh residents Hospitals and orphanages as well as the nurses had to hide under the table trying to seek shelter where dabn thought safe. The atmosphere of panic, fear, all suspect that will eventually hit. Praying and surrender to God. Apparently the former mill complex and Hospital in mortars from two places, thank goodness no one hit the building, so there were no casualties in the complex. Mortar fire lasted approximately setngah hours.

Once convinced that the bombing had stopped, held talks with the five young men in my room. There is still a couple of cloth napkins and a red ink, they immediately make the flag of the Red Cross, seeking gaklah and they are ready to go out to look for victims who need help. New sja out of the hospital, they ran back to my room to meet them head nurse, Captain-ranking commander with about 50 of his men, there was talk among other things: “Father, here are some members of the TNI?.” No “.” Father knows that all around there TNI soldiers, beraapoa their numbers. “” Do not know if the number of Catholic norang I know “.” necessarily “” In this complex there are soldiers who were hiding and no gun?. “No” ” may be searched? “Yes, but you along with me and the chief nurse and lived outside the fruit ank”. Begin a search Kareena arrival of the Captain and how scary. ” It’s certainly the army “.” Instead of, patients’ chief nurse replied. “Later, if it has been cured of menenbak again”. “SEalama in rumag ill be tangunggan me.” “I will take it”. ” not possible, as long so be patient. “

in these circumstances occur a search throughout the complex, opening each door and entered the room followed by a thumbs gun and questions set geramdiajukan. A search is completed quickly enough and no less thorough. Done a search there is an interview with the captain led pasukan.Di bebrapa factory environment they found a grenade that was not working anymore, but can pose a hazard, then it will d9ibawa to amrkas them for the sake of the security. The captain then asked the youth workers who are dikamar sya, I imagine they would have objected. after a long talk, decided bahewa they’ll come, they ettapi no later than 17:00 hours should’ve come back here. Belumkembali If at that time, I will come kemarkas them. After that they went, the youth participate bebrapa carrying grenades and landmijn, after they left, a sense of relief filled the whole complex, all felt very tired during the bnayak who did not receive food, I myself also experienced a sma. but strangely I feel so sleepy and continue bed rest. Approximately 1500 hrs knock at the door, finally forced to pound because I did not hear him in bed “what else” I thought. It turns out that TNI members ready to come now with straw and kerosene, they heard the news that all the occupants sick dikompleks ruamh dibaw aoleh Dutch soldiers, they are ready for the scorching earth Hospitals and complexity. I spoke with the leaders and take her to see the whole complex so intent membuni scorching canceled and they returned to markasnya.Baru they disappeared, there appeared youth “carrier” and landmijn grenade with the atmosphere of joy and experiences, they shared cigarettes and bread ynag given as a receipt love by the captain. Thus ended the first operation of the army beland, seasudah was still many times suddenly come small patrols, but not exceptional shock until they leave the special area Jogyakarta

original info

 ibu kota Kabupaten Bantul,  6 km dari Ganjuran, diduduki Tentara Belanda. suasana makinmencekam bai penduduk. Pada waktu siang sering mendadak terdengar  datanganya tentara Belanda, semua panik,lari mengungsi,meskipun kebanyakan tidak benar dan pada waktu malam terdengar serangan dari Pihak TNI. Pada suatu pagi saya mendapat laporan dari dapur Rumah sakit bahwa persediaan kayu bakar sudah hampir habis. Kira-kira jam 09.00 saya dengan seorang pemuda naik sepeda masuk desa dibelakang Rumah sakit untuk mencari kayu bakar. Ternyata desa itu sepi, orang-orang sudah mengungsi. Untunglah ayah keluarga yang dituju ada dirumah dan mempunyai persediaan kayu bakar cukup banyak dan rela membantu. belum selesai pembuicaraan bagaimana cara pengangkutannya terdengar letusan dari jauh,diikuti dengan  desisan dan 2 letusan di tempat. Sebentar lagi dari lain jurusan terdengar letusan,desisan yang sama dan berakhir dengan 2 kali letusan juga. Kami berdua segera naik sepeda ke Rumah sakit untuk hadir disana.Seluruh penghuni Rumah sakit dan Panti Asuhan serta para perawat sudah bersembunyi di bawah meja dabn mencoba mencari perlindungan dimana dikira aman. Suasana panik,takut, semua menduga bahwa akhirnya akan kena. Bedoa dan menyerahkan diri kepada Tuhan. Ternyata bekas pabrik dan kompleks Rumah Sakit di mortir dari dua tempat,syukurlah bangunan tidak ada yang kena,sehingga tidak ada korban didalam kompleks. Tembakan mortir berlangsung kira-kira setngah jam.

Sesudah yakin bahwa pengeboman sudah berhenti, diadakan perundingan dengan 5 orang pemuda yang ada di kamar saya. Masih ada berberapa kain serbet makan dan ada tinta merah,dengan segera mereka membuat bendera Palang Merah,mencari gaklah dan mereka siap keluar guna mencari korban yang perlu ditolong. Baru sja keluar dari rumah sakit, mereka lari kembali ke kamar saya dengan suster kepala menemui mereka, komandannya berpangkat Kapten dengan kira-kira 50 orang anak buahnya, terjadi pembicaraan antara lain:”pastor ,disini ada beberapa orang anggota TNI ?.”Tidak ada”.”Pastor tahu bahwa di sekitar ada tentara TNI, beraapoa jumlah mereka”.”Tidak tahu, kalau jumlah norang katolik saya tahu”.”tentu” “Di kompleks ini ada tentara yang bersembunyi dan ada senjatanya?.”Tidak ada””Boleh digeledah ?”Boleh,tetapi bersama dengan saya  dan suster Kepala dan ank buah tinggal diluar”. Mulailah pengeledahan kareena kedatangan Kapten tersebut dan caranya menakutkan.” Ini tentu tentara”.”BUkan,pasien” jawab suster Kepala.”Nanti jika sudah sembuh tentu menenbak lagi”.”SEalama di rumag sakit menjadi tangunggan saya”.”ini akan saya bawa”.” tidak mungkin,selama jadi pasien”.

dalam suasana semacam ini terjadi pengeledahan seluruh kompleks,setiap membuka pintu dan masuk kamar diikuti dengan acungan pistol dan pertanyaaan yang geramdiajukan. Pengeledahan cukup cepat selesai dan tidak kurang teliti. Selesai pengeledahan masih ada wawancara dengan kapten pimpin  pasukan.Di lingkungan pabrik mereka menemukan bebrapa granat  yang sudah tidak bekerja lagi, tetapi dapat menimbulkan bahaya, maka akan d9ibawa ke amrkas mereka demi keamana. maka Kapten minta tenaga pemuda yang ada dikamar sya, sudah saya bayangkan mereka akan keberatan. sesudah agak lama bicara,diputuskan bahewa mereka akan ikut, ettapi mereka selambat-lambatnya jam 17.00 harus udah kembali disini. JIka pada waktu itu belumkembali, saya akan datang kemarkas mereka. Setelah itu mereka pergi, bebrapa pemuda ikut membawa granat dan landmijn, sesudah mereka pergi ,rasa lega memenuhi seluruh kompleks, semua merasa telah sangat lelah karena siang bnayak yang tidak memperoleh makanan,saya sendiri  pun mengalami yang sma. tetapi anehnya saya merasa mengantuk sekali dan terus istirahat tidur. Kira-kira jam 15.00 pintu diketuk,akhirnya terpaksa dipukul-pukul karena saya dalam tidur tak mendengarnya”ada apa lagi” pikir saya. Ternyata yang datang sekarang anggota TNI siap dengan jerami dan minyak tanah,mereka mendengar kabar bahwa semua penghuni dikompleks ruamh sakit dibaw aoleh tentara belanda, mereka siap untuk membumi hanguskan Rumah sakit dan kompleksnya. Saya berbicara dengan pemimpinnya dan mengantarnya melihat seluruh kompleks sehingga maksud membuni hanguskan dibatalkan dan mereka kembali ke markasnya.Baru saja mereka menghilang,muncullah pemuda “pembawa”granat dan landmijn dengan suasana gembira serta menceritakan pengalaman, mereka membagikan sigaret dan roti ynag diberikan sebagai tanda terima kasih oleh Kapten tersebut. Demikianlah berakhir operasi pertama dari tentara beland, seasudah itu masih berkali-kali secara mendadak datang patroli kecil ,tetapi tidak menimbulkan kejutan luar biasa sampai mereka meninggalkan daerah istimewa Jogyakarta.

January,1st.1949

PTT Djakarta salary book with handsign of the chief of ptt office Djakarta.

January,4th.1949

Postallyused lettersheet stationer  10 sen send from batavia centrum to Buitenzorg(bogor)

January 5th.1949

Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.

January,6th.1949

the information from Warna warta Djawa tengah newswpaper :

(A) the Word Series Rau Juliana

My goal is to fulfill my mother’s ability. Who really really hope that the Government of Indonesia is formed within a few weeks to come nini.Pemilihan which will be held selekans free as possible.

On 6 January the lalau, Series Queen Juliana said to Indonesia that looks like this:

My mother has been able to establish an independent and sovereign Indonesia, the Netherlands and Indonesia entered the union on the basis of sovereign kemaunan respectively, merdekan and on the same basis.

in February 1948 kesangupan oitu tealh repeated again, a sign that it truly became Queen of ability.

My goal since the throne is the ability memenjuhi my mother, to give to people in Indonesia: peace, happiness and prosperity in a sovereign self-government.

My goal really is to the federal government in recent weeks Indonesia was formed; government that will run the obligations on the basis of responsibility and democracy. XSelekas possible if it has been able, to be held the election, thus establishment of United States of Indonesia will soon be achieved.

(B) GENERAL SUDIRMAN NOT captive

General sudirman now being seriously ill and is being maintained well but not captured by the army commander of the TNI Belanda.Kolonel Hidajat in Sumatra, on 28 December 1948 tealh take over (over) Pimpina total republican army.

(C) FACTS MR ASAAT

Before military action, Mr Asaat once said that the situation in the republic is beyond miserable than in the war. Denagn these words then one can draw the conclusion that if a held state military movements in that region in more baik.Seorang other princes, saying that the food supply in the republic’s only up to a month Maret.Sesudah famine will arise which hebat.dari words This is also one can draw conclusions that this second military movement led to improvements to the area not only brings tersebut.tentara tegush security and long, but brought the lightness in sehar-day life, also by providing food, clothing and medicine.

(D) some federal pemrintah Indonesia propaganda illustration in this newspaper: Hours gadang Bukittingi committee, Abdul Kadir Wijoyo Atmojo Jakarta, trucks mengangukt nakanan, and Indonesian youth in Practice.

 
 

 (a)Sabda Seri Rau Juliana

Tujuanku ialah memenuhi kesanggupan Ibuku. Harapanku yang sungguh sungguh ialah supaya Pemerintah Indonesia dibentuk dalam beberapa minggu yang datang nini.Pemilihan yang bebas akan diadakan selekans mungkin.

Pada tanggal 6 januari yang lalau, Seri Ratu Juliana bersabda untuk Indonesia yang isinya seperti berikut :

Ibuku telah sanggup mendirikan Indonesia yang merdeka dan berdaulat ,mengadakan perserikatan Indonesia Nederland dan berdaulat  atas dasar kemaunan masing-masing ,merdekan dan atas dasar yang sama.

dalam bulan Februari 1948 kesangupan oitu tealh diulangi lagi, tanda bahwa memang sungguh-sungguh menjadi kesanggupan Ratu.

Tujuanku sejak naik tahta ialah memenjuhi kesanggupan ibuku, untuk memberi kepada bangsa di Indonesia : ketentraman,Kebahagiaan  dan kemakmuran dalam pemerintahan sendiri yang berdaulat.

Tujuanku yang sungguh-sungguh ialah supaya pemerintahan federal Indonesia dalam beberapa minggu ini dibentuk; pemerintahan yang akan menjalankan kewajiban atas dasar tanggung jawab dan demokrasi. XSelekas mungkin jika telah dapat, akan diadakan pemilihan, dengan begitu pembentukan Negara Indonesia Serikat akan lekas tercapai.

(b) JENDRAL SUDIRMAN TIDAK DITAWAN

Jendral sudirman sekarang sedang menderita sakit keras dan sedang dipelihara baik-baik tetapi tidak ditawan oleh tentara Belanda.Kolonel Hidajat Komanda  TNI di sumatra, pada tanggal 28 desember 1948 tealh mengambil oper(alih) Pimpina tentara republik Seluruhnya.

(c) KETERANGAN mR aSAAT

Sebelum aksi militer, Mr Asaat pernah mengatakan bahwa keadaan di republik adalah melebihi sengsaranya daripada dalam perang. Denagn kata-kata ini maka orang dapat menarik kesimpulan bahwa jika diadakan gerakan militer keadaan didaerah tersebut lebih baik.Seorang pembesar lainnya,mengatakan ,bahwa persedian makanan di republik hanya sampai bulan Maret.Sesudah itu akan timbul bahaya kelaparan yang hebat.dari kata-kata ini juga orang dapat menarik kesimpulan vbahwa gerakan militer yang kedua ini membawa perbaikan kepada daerah tersebut.tentara tidak hanya membawa keamanan yang tegush dan lama, tetapi mebawa keringanan dalam kehidupan sehar-hari,juga dengan memberikan bahan makanan,pakaian dan obat-obatan.

(d) beberapa illustrasi propaganda pemrintah federal Indonesia dalam surat kabar ini : Jam gadang Bukittingi, komite abdul kadir Wijoyo atmojo Jakarta,truk mengangukt nakanan ,dan pemuda Indonesia di Latih.

January,9th.1949

Tanda terima Pengiriman (Ontvangbewij or Recieved) Pospakket from batavia with overprint Indonesia stamps and wilhelmina stamps.

January,12th.1949

The chief OF PTT NRI Mas Suharto were kidnapped and arrest by Dutch Nica

The chief OF PTT NRI Mas Suharto were kidnapped and arrest by Dutch Nica soldier, and after that he never found (until this day his graved never found)

 

January,19th.1949

The rare postally used cover from malang to Medan(Negara Sumatra Timur) East Sumattera State ,the part of Indonesia federal state.

UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950.

There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia

January,29th.1949

(a)The invitation to join the ceremony of tranferred the power from Dutch Federal Government to Wali Negara South Sumatra in february,1st 1949 , send from the chief of 7 oeloe village Palembang.

 

January,21th.1949

On January 21, 1949, with the city of Kuala Tungkal occupied by the Dutch public figures, scholars, intellectuals fled to the outskirts, which are located opposite the Kuala Tungkal. they dated January 25, 1949 meeting which consisted of various tribes to collect kekauatan to counterattack. Above consensus together, they form the Front pengurunya Wilderness with the following composition:

Chairman: H. Shamsuddin (cum treasurer)

Vice Chairman: A. Sanusi (Teacher Trenches fires)

Members: 1. H. Hanafiah (Head of Good Dyke)

2. Kadir (Sacred Head Dyke)

3. Imran (Head Dyke Mangrove)

4. Zuhri (Head Dyke Palembang)

5. Durasit (Head Parit Sungai Rawai)

6. Abdullah (head of the Trench fires)

Part Penggempur: Abdul Congratulations

Help By: 1. Zaidun

2. H. Saman Mangku (Market Kuala Tungkal)

3. H. Hanafiah (Head of Good Dyke)

Front Jungle forming a line called “Barisan Bally Red ‘.

The purpose of establishing the Barisan / Lasyakar Red Bally is to demolish the Dutch who occupied Kuala Tungkal. Therefore, should be chosen who will lead the Barisan Merah Bally, especially when invaded / attacked the Dutch position.

Then elected Abdul Samad called then moved at the term “Commander” (more popularly known as “Commander Adul”). It was also agreed when the Dutch attacked the Red Bally must together with the TNI and the tactics are under military command

On January 21, 1949 at 11:30 pm, beberpa Dutch ships attacked Kuala Tungkal with cannon and mortar firing. One of them was shot targets Great Mosque (Jami ‘) Kuala Tungkal, when the Islamic manaumat was getting ready to perform Friday prayers.

As a result of the attack, not last Friday prayers. When he feels safe, Dutch troops landed, still firing heavy weapons to protect his troops who were conducting pendarata.

TNI troops led by Lieutenant Young A. Fattah held resistance, backing toward the Trenches Gompong. Two soldiers and a young fighter named teacher of English R. Happy autumn shot dutch at the moment will blow up the Landman who had previously installed near the Post Office.

Kuala Tungkal Kewedanaan government led by the district officer with the Chief of Police Regional Noerdin Mahyuddin Harahap IPI, Head Tungkal Ilir Masdar Kewedanaan Government and its staff in Kuala Tungkal under a hail of bullets and mortar cannon backwards towards the village of Parit Gompong Pembengis through except for some sub-district officials, among others, Masdar, the Police , Information and others, Wedana Noerdin, Police Chief Mahyuddin Harahap and others continued the journey to the village of Parit Deli Betara Left Tungkal Ilir district.

Pembengis is a small village situated 7 (seven) Km from Kuala Tungkal, filled with refugees of various groups, in addition to government officials and military forces.

After the Dutch troops landed in Kuala Tungkal, the Dutch continued to advance to the araha pembengis with intent to break the resistance of military forces. At 17.00 pm in the Trenches Gompong intercepted by military forces led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, resulting in a shoot for 15 (fifteen) minutes. Holland then retreat to Kuala Tungkal to suffer casualties beberpa people were killed and wounded

January,23th.1949

On January 23, 1949, after retiring from Kuala Tungkal, a squad of military forces under the command of Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, 1023 Sector Commander assigned to patrol the Dutch Army stalking position. In the Trenches Gompong they met with the Dutch Army, causing a battle that resulted in some Dutch soldiers killed and wounded.

On January 23, 1949 night, the people of Seberang Tungkal trench Congratulations, arson military dormitory in the way of the Old Kuala Tungkal Prosperity. The force is led by Abdul Samad (Adul)

Jaunry,25th.1949

With Kuala Tungkal occupied by the Dutch, then the community leaders in the Trenches Congratulations Kuala Tungkal Tungkal III on January 25, 1949 have formed the Front, headed by H. Woods Shamsuddin prince Tungkal III.

Front board Rimba are those who’ve studied the practice Bally Red is the practice based on the teachings of Islam yangmeyakini that if the deeds carried out as specified, it is concerned will be able to avoid the bullets fired at him.

The formation of this Front, received rave reviews from the public because it fits with their belief that the war against the Dutch colonialists, when autumn meant masti martyr for fighting for the interests of defending the nation, state and religion as taught by the scholars at that time

FEBRUARY 1949

(1)February,3th.1949

Tanda terima Pengiriman Ontvangbewijs(Recive notes) Pospakket with overprint Indonesia  1 gld and wilhelmina 10 cent  stamps

(1a)February  7 th.1949

Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.

 Feb.5th.1949

Ontvangbewijs-Recieve pospakket sent from  batavia to tangerang withj overprin indonesia stamp 3×40 cent and Wilhelmina 10 cent  stamps

FEB,7th.1949

Dated February 7, 1949 by 9 (nine) of fruit boats, led by Abdul Samad who fondly known as Commander Adul. 41 people who all have learned the practice before the Dutch occupation of the Red Bally Kuala Tungkal, armed with machetes, knives, kris, spears and other sharp weapons, departing from ditches Welcome to Kuala Tungkal. Divided into four troops, each led by:

1. Abdul Smaad

2. H. warrant

3. H. Nafiah

4. Zainuddin

Bally Red Front army commander Tungkal Area H. Saman (Saman Commander)

Bally Red Commander with some leaders of the Barisan troops Bally Red (BSM).

Keris weapon Commander Haji Saman

Some equipment / weapon of war in the traditional red sash paramilitary troops against Military Aggression Belnda in Kuala Tungkal 1949

At 24.00 pm, they subjugate the Dutch defense simultaneously and suddenly, the Netherlands did not expect / suspect before. Pertempurang happen until 09.00 am in the morning. Since the attacks carried out tiba-tiba/mendadak, many Dutch soldiers who became casualties, of whom there were soldiers at the rank of Captain. Bally Barisan Merah 2 (two) people died of Arup bin Wahid and A. Rachman and two taken prisoner.

With the success of this first attack, then add to the efficacy of public confidence Bally Red deeds, so the more expressed their desire to fight the Dutch atta

.

Feb.8th and 9th 1949, Tanda Penerimaan Ontvangbewijs(Recieve) of Sending Pospakket with Wilhemina stamps.

February,11th.1949

On February 11, 1949 following an attack on the Dutch carried out jointly by the troops led by A. Fattah Leside and Barisan Merah Bally total 430 people led by Commander H. Abdul Hamid.

The battle took place in the Trench III Tungkal V. Rows of Red Bally fought bravely armed with machetes, saber, dagger and spear. In a battle going one on one duel. 45 (forty five) Bally Barisan Merah including Commander H. Abdul Hamid fall near the former plant padai Cang Kui Thurs. An Armed Forces and Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside wounded. In the Netherlands too many victims whose numbers were falling dapoat not known with certainty.

 Attack From the Trenches Bakau and death of Commander Adul

The first boat was placed at the front of the boat penglima Adul with Sergeant Major Murad CPM Alwi and two members of the CPM is Corporal Corporal Badari and Muhammad as well as 7 (seven) members of the Red Bally among others Abdullah. Sergeant Major CPM Buimin Hasan along with several members of the CPM and the Barisan Bally Red are on the boat finished third.

Once the troops are in the midst of the sea, met with a Dutch warship. Adul Commander and his friends immediately fired a shot aimed at the Dutch Army who were on board.

At once the shooting is intense from both sides. Commander Adul jumped into the water and swam towards the Dutch ship boarded the ship in order to invade the Dutch Army was on the ship. At the time of holding on to anchor the ship, Commander Adul kept mowed by machine-gun fire by the Dutch Army so that the handle apart and sinks do not arise again, the chief Adul fall in place.

Bally Red army commander Tungkal Area Abdusshamad Front (Commander Adul) (Photo May 1937 when he was in Johore Malaysia)

Belada soldiers continued firing machine gun that resulted in several broken or overturned boat, including boat which was Sergeant Major CPM. A. Murad Alwi. A member of Barisan Merah Bally who participated in the boat was shot and killed at that time also.

In a hail of bullets that the Dutch Army, Sergeant Major Murad Alwi trying to reach the coast of Ulu Kuala Tungkal Ladder King, by floating in water, breathe only through your nose, which sought to remain above the water surface. After a successful landing in trouble susuah Ladder King Ulu, Murad Alwi realized that his left hand got a bullet fired through the Netherlands.

From Ladder King Ulu, Murad Alwi headed Trenches Gompong where he met his friends who then took him to Beramitam and continues to the Gulf Nilau to get help and treatment.

In this battle, as many as 30 (thirty) members of the Barisan Bally Red and two CPM of Badari and Corporal Corporal Mohammed died, while 15 others were wounded, including Sergeant Major CPM. A. Murad Alwi. Sergeant Major CPM. Hasan Buimin with members of troops who are in a boat can save themselves and landed on the beach.

 Kuala Tungkal Dutch ship was attacked by Bally Red Army and Armed Forces by using boats and weapons swords and others. (Painting)

February,15th.1949

For the continuation of the struggle, it is necessary fundraiser / food in a more coordinated. Then on 15 February 1949 in Pembengis kulatungkal Jambi,set improvement board “Front Jungle”, namely:

Chairman: H. Shamsuddin (cum treasurer)

Vice Chairman: A. Sanusi (Teacher)

Penggempur Head: H. Saman (Head of Good Dyke)

Members: 1. Amri (Teacher)

2. H. Zakaria (Imam Mosque)

3. Alan (Member DPW)

4. Tarli (Member DPW)

Kitchen: People Pembengis

Supplies: Dharma Bhakti People

Information: Bureau of Information which consists of Hasan. AR, and Rusli Asrie Rashid Rashid.

Documentation: Head Masdar

With Wilderness Front refinement, then the preparations the resistance could be done better and planned, many donations from the community such as rice, coconuts, vegetables, chicken, fish, sugar, coffee, cigarettes and others were taken by boat or on foot. Not infrequently they come from enrolling to fight against the Dutch.

Special task lighting is to arouse the fighting spirit of the people, through leaflets that are made simple contents of the broadcast quoted ALL INDIA RADIO, BBC broadcasts to the Far East whose content is beneficial struggle.

Tools such as radio-Accu, stencils and typewriter obtained from people who voluntarily provide for the struggle. Accu radio donated by H. Dahlan was a businessman from Kuala Tungkal.

After beberpa times Pembengis were attacked by the Netherlands because it is situated not far from Kuala Tungkal about 7 (seven) Km, then felt insecure as the headquarters of the Front Rimba, Rimba therefore Front deployed administrators control every aspect of the place.

February ,23th.1949

The Jambi,Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal Raid

 This raid occurred on February 23,  1949, the people who will engage in battle or red barret Bally had gathered in the village Pembengis Pembengis and has prepared the soup kitchen. People who become Barisan Merah Pria is dating from every Kepenghuluan (villages now) and each has brought a red cloth the size of 4 cm width and a length of 1 Meter stengah with traditional weapons according to the tribes in question, such as kris, spears , kampilan, sundang, machetes, cauliflower and others. Furthermore, the people will participate in conducting the raid, their names are recorded, which address, from which the village, noting the age and their families. Bally Red cloth should be worn at the time of invasion by forces including military forces, because in addition to the identification of members of the invading forces, is also the foundation of faith by deeds Bally Red every battle. Once everything has been prepared, then combined forces to leave the village it started moving toward the Trenches Gompong Pembengis, because this is the place Trenches Gompong final preparations, because of distance to the city of Kuala Tungkal only about an hour. In the Trenches Gompong is set on the division of groups, an explanation of the intended target, battle tactics, determine the special officers and the invasion of the Dutch defense strategies.

D. Formation of groups, leadership groups and target groups Invasion

1. After arriving in the Trenches Gompong, jumalah who will joined in the attack from the people amounted to 370 people and the Armed Forces of Indonesia as many as 30 people so that altogether 400 people. The first preparation, the examination of traditional weapons, like a dagger, the dagger, machete cauliflower, sundang, kampilan and others by a pawing weapon named Sahibar, which determined which ones should be brought guns invading and should not be taken. So all that will be joined in the attack did not kerkecuali TNI tested by eating pepper (sahang), where if that takes sahang or it was not spicy pepper, then they should not be invaded. Finally after all have provisions above, then the people of the 370 people who will fight terebut iktu allowed to go only 270 people with a military people plus 30 people, then who will conduct raids into the city of Kuala Tungkal only 300 people. To create the spirit and courage in this battle, given a drink of water that has been dijampi by the commander of the Red Bally H. Saman.

2. After finishing these studies, then arranged small groups of this number 300 men into 3 groups, all of which were assembled in three large groups, each of these three groups determined direction. Indonesian Armed Forces to be around groups of 10 people who directly amenjadi raid leader and as Vice drawn from the ranks of the people of Bally Red.

3. After the talks held between the Commander H. Saman Bally Red Army as the Commander and his staff leadership with the leadership battle Tungkal Front Area of ​​the National Army of Indonesia represented by Deputy Commander Cadet Sergeant Major Battle. AD. Madhan. AR and its commanders Sector are: Cadet Sergeant Major Anwarsyah Navy, as Commander Sergeant Major Sector II CPM Buimin Hasan, as the Commander Sector Commander III and Pol. Zulkarnain Idris as the Commander of Sector IV. From the results perebukan or negotiations have been able to set up leaders of the major groups III and at the same time also determine the target raid assault tactics and how to go back Kepangkalan Gompong Trenches.

4. From the results of these negotiations has been able to set the leadership of the propagators of the three groups and the division of the raid targets as well as offensive tactics are as follows:

a. Group I was led by Commander H. Saman and assigned as Deputy Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR targeting kepertahanan assault Dutch army in the office of Post (PO. Diamond Queen is now) and the defense of the Dutch Army at home right now Chief of Police. Movement of the attack was carried out after the group II and III attacked and burned the houses in the way the Port of Customs on the road in the Trenches I Ulu Palembang. The road taken by the group I was way students now, after moving from Simpang Gompong trench.

b. The task of the TNI led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR in group I was once seen fires in the Port of Ilir road as well as fires in the Trenches I and have a shootout, then the troops on the group I carry out attacks on Dutch soldiers in the post of Defence Police and the Post Office house with gunfire Kijanju Japanese machine guns and other weapons fire and threw hand grenades Japanese-made machine gun in place of the post office. Meanwhile troops pasuskan sling-led by the commander of the Red H. Saman began to move into town with cries of “Yes-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” and stormed kepertahanan dutch army.

5. Group II, chaired by the Sector Commander III CPM Buimin Sergeant Hasan and Commander Sector Commander Pol IV. Zulkarnain Idris, the Deputy of the Barisan Bally Red H. Sayamsuddin and M. Sanusi who has the task of moving towards the Port road, through the Fishermen’s circuitry, veering through the bridge through the back way towards the goal of the Great mesji houses would be burned. While the military led by Sergeant Major yasng CPM stand on the back of the Grand Mosque, in order to protect the troops who served the Red Bally burned houses in the way of the Port has been burned. Zulkarnain Idris Force Commander at the Crossroads Commander survive and if the houses had been burned in the street Seaport, then this forces the defense menghantan Dutch Army in Simpang Empat at home Rivai. Pamuncak ST. Fire houses in the street and the harbor is a commando attack on the burning of houses by the Group III conducted the attack from the Trenches I.

6. Group III was led by Cadet Sergeant Major AL. Arwansyah assisted by Sergeant Corporal Syamsik of AL and AL and Barisan Sakiban Bally Red headed by Head of Masdar. Task Group III, the main thing is to burn the houses in the area of ​​Palembang on the road and the road near the cemetery and destroy tanks of water available in each house. While the military to protect them dar those shots. Motion carried on the road if the Port has seen fire and had a shootout with the Dutch Army. Thus, the Dutch Army was besieged by seranagan of Ilir and ulu.

E. The course of the Battle

1. Arriving at the Simpang Parit Gompong, each group dispersed into three majors with a unanimous determination to uphold all the decisions and plan their invasion.

In the middle of the pitch-dark night around 2 move all groups to their respective targets:

a. Group I to the way students are now heading to the Dutch defense in the post office is now PO. Diamond Queen and the current police chief’s house.

b. Group II is now moving towards the road on the edge of Fisherman sungat Dyke II, then entered the bridge the road continues to the back of the Great Mosque, and the houses of the Port road.

c. Group III moves forward towards the path of Sriwijaya, langusng to the cemetery road continues to divide the two directions of the road and as well as towards Palembang umah police chief.

2. At 3:15 minutes midnight, the group II who holds the key to the raid, had managed to set fire to houses in the Port road, which is a sign for the group III started his movement set fire to houses in the cemetery road and the road Palembang at 4 pajar fire has been coloring the sky red both of Ilir Pelaguhan road or from Parit Ulu I have been shooting, the bullets like fireflies in the night, flying toward its target, a voice shouts Barisan Merah Bally called “YA-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram”, reverberated and echoed in pajar sidikini. They advanced without shaking to the Dutch Army kepertahanan with traditional weapons hump machetes, spears, swords, dagger, dagger and others. “Esa lost two fairly, never come into force retroactively dubalang, Fisabilillah their determination, martyrdom purpose”.

3. Among the Dutch army had panic attacks from Ilir and from Ulu, also accompanied by a thunderous shouts of Barisan Merah Pria then at that time also held a group I suddenly shots kepertahanan Dutch Army Post Office (PO. Queen of Diamonds) now and Police in the house (street Nusa Indah) now, accompanied dnegan throwing hand grenades made in Japan, along with Bally’s Red Army, led by Commander H. Saman with cries of “Yes-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” by firing a pistol in his left hand and right hand on the knob war kepertahanan Army invaded the Netherlands, followed by a red sash around the troops. From all directions from either side Ilir, as well as from the Middle gemuruhlah next Ulu and voice calls greatness “YA-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” interspersed with shots of firearms, pasukana Dutch Army in the Post Office and Police Chief of home defense, began to leave defense they retreated towards the waterfront near the Ferry port now, while firing blindly, but the Barisan Merah Bally continues to pursue even if among them there are ayng shot the Dutch army. TNI troops, army come forward with ways to shoot a moving target, especially the Dutch troops are retreating, because given the bullets are extremely limited, and also members of these forces teleh use traditional weapons, like a dagger or a sword that has been revoked dibabkan bullets in their weapons have been depleted.

4. The morning sun has its light emitting dar UPUK east coincided with that bang-bang kancu martyrs and gun fire from the Dutch navy patrol boat in the river Pengabuan have caused explosions in downtown Kuala Tungkal both of Ilir, in Ulu and back-street Students, who as if to block the withdrawal of troops raid this way. The shooting mortars and cannon kancu of this ship did not stop approximately 3 hours.

5. The sky looked overcast, clouds covered the sky as if this vast and bi glimpsed through the clouds of sunlight that is about 5 feet high from the east UPUK. However ldakan-mortar explosion are still visible around the arena battles of the trenches I still shots karabon one-one that conducted by Cpl AL Sakiban target is not clear what is fired. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR signaling the Saman H. commander who at that time was behind the cliff path along with a few special men who accompanied him, in addition to the right at the intersection of four BNI now, while Cadet Sergeant Madhan. BRI AR are present in which the sign is to regularly retreat back to base. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR along with the soldiers I usman and Asnawi and Ilyas, who turns invisible warrior I finally know this (Ilyas) were killed at the time throwing grenades at the Post Defense Army Chief of Police of the Netherlands at home now. Commander H. Saman, along with some of his men saw Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR and two of his men began moving back toward the Dutch Army Defense Pos that have been abandoned, then the commander of H. Saman-even moving backwards calmly standing on foot despite mortar explosions still there. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR digundikan Dutch defense until after the Post Office, seen one automatic weapon Owen Holland-gun and one gun is the result of that battle.

6. At the time rewind back to this base, look fabric is used as stretchers to carry the members of Barisan Bally Red wounded from the street and road Sriwijaya Students, and other friends who are killed can not be brought back.

F. Cover

1. So … a little story of The War of Independence History of Struggle of the Republic of Indonesia in the District of Tanjung Jabung in general, kecamata Tungkal Ilir particular that really happen that we serve in Attractions Flashback. About the invasion of the Netherlands Army in defense of Kuala Tungkal, for combinations of the Indonesian national army and the people of the Barisan Bally Red line to the defense of the Dutch Army in the city of Kuala Tungkal, which is the power of “single” is a potent and powerful, which may eventually repulsed Army troops Holland has a complete and modern weaponry and as one of the allied forces who took part won World War II past.

2. The raid on Thursday night and Friday on February 23, 1949 but we can repel the Dutch troops, get 2 pieces of LE and an Owen gun-gun, then on the ranks of the TNI and the people of Red Bally, many of which fall as a nation and as kusuma martyrs, who numbered as many as 68 people

 

(5)February,26th.1949

The rare Federal State postal stationer smelt 2 sen type one G 95 with “Van Den”(type two  ,common with ven de) send from Padang to Padang Panjang(all west sumatra area  under federal state,except some village still under PDRI state.(this card send by my friend Wirako’s father,Dir MHI Ang Ie Siang)

Feb.23th.1949

23 February,1949

Basis battle acttacked move to  Pembengis village

Moved to Pembengis base invasion

After several raids from the sea which resulted in many casualties, then the elders of both the TNI and the Red Bally decided to divert the attack from the mainland. Location was chosen as the center / base to prepare the troops is Pembengis located approximately seven (7) km from Kuala Tungkal.

To support / coordinate the implementation of the attack through the Front Wilderness that has been enhanced to take care of receiving assistance from the public for purposes perjungan such as rice, coconuts, vegetables, fish, sugar, coffee, bread, cigarettes and others, in addition to registering and selecting those that expressed a desire to contribute to fight and fight against the Dutch Army,

For purposes, Forest Front, get a radio-aid batteries from H. Dahlan an entrepreneur that can be used to obtain useful information to better establish the continuation of the struggle. Information obtained by officers who are members of the Bureau of Information Wilderness Front transmitted to the public, among others, BBC Radio broadcast from the Far East for the benefit of struggle.

With the death of Commander and Commander H. Adul Abdul Hamid, the head of the Barisan Merah Bally replaced by Commander H. Saman, who had always accompanied the Commander Adul in raids against the Dutch Army.

In the final preparations to Kuala Tungkal invasion, have signed up to the board at Forest Front Pembengis number 1000 (one thousand) people to participate in fighting the Dutch attack, after selection by an assessment team received as many as 441 (four hundred and forty-one), the rest is prepared as a backup .

After all the preparations done, including practice teaching / practice Bally Red Direct Commander H. Saman, then on February 23, 1949 number of 441 (four hundred and forty-one) consisting of members of Bally Red line, the TNI, Police, Civilian Employee, Village Administrator and Village clergy, led by Pangluma H. Saman attacked the Dutch position in Kuala Tungkal. This attack meruapakan the greatest number of troops and the best preparation than with attacks carried out previously.

In Force attack was contained, among others:

1. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR (representing the Sector Commander Tungkal 1023 Front Area) A. Fattah Leside being treated wounds, with 3 (three) members of the TNI, namely, Syamsik Sergeant, Corporal (L) and Cpl Sakiban Sahring CPM.

2. H. Shamsuddin (Chairman of the Front Wilderness / prince Tungkal III)

3. M. Sanusi (Vice-Chairman of the Front Wilderness)

4. Masdar Event (Head Tungkal Ilir)

5. Police Commander Zulkarnaen Idris, Bustami and others

Troops are divided into 21 (twenty one) group dipimpini by a Chairman and Vice-direct group led by Commander H. Saman. Departure done from Pembengis (Old Mosque) and before arriving in Kuala Tungkal stopped some time at the Masjid Parit Gompong while carrying out the practice Bally Red as final preparations prior to the raid.

Before dawn, troops stormed Kuala Tungkal, through the checkpoints Netherlands. Occurs single combat with unequal weapons. Bally Red troops set fire to houses in the neighborhood used as a residence / dormitory Dutch Army, without heeding shots Dutch engine, so a lot of Dutch soldiers out of fear and panic ran up to their war ships anchored at the jetty Kuala Tungkal.

After raged almost as long as 3 (three) hours, the Barisan Merah Bally resigned return to Pembengis leaving the victim sebayak 30 (thirty) people died as a hero. In the Netherlands also fell victims to death and many serious injuries and minor.

Since the attacks, the Dutch Army to make the barriers of barbed wire fence around their camp, so that military and Red Bally will not strike again. But in reality, the TNI and the Red Bally never stop the attack. Dutch soldiers who were patrolling out of camp is always blocked and intercepted by the TNI and the Barisan Merah Bally.

February,24th.1949

Tanda Penerimaaan _Ontvangbewij,(The recieved) of sending Pospakket from Toko Kie Batavia to Ambon with overprint Indonesia stamp 40 cent.

3.March

March 1

(1)Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)

(2) the very rare change of adressstationer 2  sen dancer stationer, send from Hollandia Ned New guinea (mnow west papua) to Tanjung Pandan Billiton (very rare city postmark of West Papua and Billiton island Sumatra)

March,4th.1949

(1)Ontvangbewijs (Recieved of sending) Pospakket cds Batavia centrum 4.3.49 with overprint Indonesia stamps 2×40 send and 2x1gld

(2)The chinese overseas Medical doctor,dentist and Apotheecers organization letter send to Dr Thung Batavia,with nica -USA stamp 1 and 2 cent.

March,7th.1949

The Money Order(Poswessel)  recieved CDS SALAM 7.3.49(The city near Magelang and mountain)

March,8th.1949

On March 8, 1949, again the combined military forces Kuala Tungkal Jambi and Bally Red with strength of 150 people (one hundred and fifty) people led by Commander H. Saman attacked the Dutch position in Kuala Tungkal. In this raid, 68 (sixty eight) Barisan Merah Bally fall, and in the Netherlands is expected to fall a victim who directly witnessed by the survivors back to base.

Panglima Camak Dari Sungai Undan (Riau)

Commander Camak From River Undan (Riau)

On March 8, 1949 Dutch Army troops landed in the village bay beehive, a member of Bally Red happened to be in the Gulf market beehive named H. Baslan saw Dutch troops landed, H. Bally Red line Baslan members armed with machetes hump. H. Baslan were fired upon with automatic weapons by the Dutch Army and the fall of the scene. H. Baslan semapt injured left arm of a Dutch Army (original Dutch)

March,9th.1949

Ontvangbewijs (Recieved of sending) Pospakket cds Batavia centrum 9.3.49 with  6×50 sen ,2×40 sen overprint Indonesia and 1 gld overprint indonesia(rate  4.8 gulden).

March,16th.1949

On March 16, 1949, Commander Camak Barisan leaders of the Red River Bally Undan (Riau) led the 250 (two hundred and fifty) troops march stormed Kuala Tungkal Bally. Participated in this raid 25 (twenty five) troops led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR.

Troops dispatched from the Old Mosque Pembengis. In this raid, Commander Camak under a hail of bullets fired by the Dutch invaded with his army, jumped over the barbed wire directly invaded the Netherlands in the camp. Semantara troops kept firing to protect them. Because the unbalanced force which forces the Red Bally only use sharp weapons such as machetes, swords, dagger, dagger, spear and the like. While the Netherlands using modern senajata automatic machine guns and other like-lai, Bally Red Army withdrew back to Pembengis. In battle, the commander Camak with 36 (thirty six) members of Barisan Merah Bally fall.

J. Sector Headquarters 1023 always moving

After several times attacked by military forces along the Barisan Merah Bally, based in Pembengis, the Dutch Army increased patrols to Pembengis and surrounding both by sea using BO patrol boat equipped with heavy weapons as well as by land from the Trenches Gompong so pembengis not safe anymore .

1023 Tungkal Area Sector Commander Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Laside with staff.
Standing in front from left to right: Sergeant Major Moerad Alwie, Madhan Cadet Sergeant Major AR, A. Young Lieutenant Fattah Laside and Sakiban. Squatting in front of Major Buimin Hasan.

For further struggle interests of the loading and preparation struggle berpinda-moved from place to place (mobile). Sector Commander Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside first move its headquarters to the Trenches Trench VII, then to the Mangrove, River Gebar and last base of the spines / Punggur River.

Strategy and tactics of the struggle then continue to use the strategy and tactics of war grilya (hita-and-run). In order for the strategy and tactics are run more efficiently and effectively, therefore 1023/Tungkal Sector structure Sector Area or Area Tungkal enhanced by including the following:

Sector Commander / Battle:
Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside accompanied by Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdana Kusuma.

Vice Commander:
Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR.

Sub-Sector Commander Betara River / Ditch Deli:
Sergeant Major (L) T. Anwar Shah.

Pengabuan River Sub-Sector Commander:
Sergeant Major CPM A. Murad Alwi.

In addition there are several Unity Unity Tempur Tempur ie, each led by Sergeant Major CPM Buimin Hasan, Idris Zulkarnaian Police Commander, Sergeant Major (L) Sanusi and Sakiban moving from place to place (mobile). For the Dutch guerrilla attack. Until the announcement of the Cease Fire Ipenghentian shootout / ceasefire). Pengahadangan against Dutch troops continue to be made of them in Punggur River, Gulf of beehive, paar serindit River, Market Nilau Bay, River and other Gebar

 

March,17th.1949

The Diensbriefkaaart(Official Postcard),free stamp of Landsdrukkereij Batavai(Official printing) send from batavia to Semarang.

March,19th.1949

The Chan’s Book Store promotional cover send from  CDS Batavia centrum to Probolinggo with dancer 3 cent stamp.

March,24th.1949

the rare federal state postal stationer smelt 5 sen type one G 95 with van den,send  from Padang to Padang Panjang(this card send from my friend wirako’s father to my father in law- the family historic collections)

 

March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy

4.April


Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

April,2nd.1949

The postally used cover CDS Bandoeng ,the capital city Pasundan State of Indonesia Federaal

April 6th.1949.

91)United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.

(2) The picuters of Malioboro road corner, during the PTT repaired the phone cables.

April,12th.1949

 the battle on the River Gebar in April 1949, dutch temtara patrol intercepted by navy troops led by Sergeant Major (L) T. Anwar Shah was accompanied by Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdanan Kusuma. After fighting a long time since losing in the number and types of weapons, troops backed by the victim’s 3 (three) people were slightly injured among them Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdanan dip aha Kusuma shot left.

April 12, 1949, Dutch soldiers using heavily armed BO ship docked in Bay Village Market NIlau, by landing troops by fully armed. Seeing the Dutch army landed, the troops march Bally Red spread around the Gulf Market Nilau, see the Dutch soldiers who were walking hand in hand towards the mainland, a member of the Barisan Bally named Aban Red Army invaded the Netherlands alone, have not had time to get to the Dutch Army troops, Aban has Automatic weapons were fired upon by the Dutch Army and Aban died the scene.

K. KL soldiers. Netherlands In the Capture

In early April 1949 after the headquarters moved to the Base of Sector 1023 Duri, a Dutch war ship approached the shore Jetty spines. Earlier the Dutch Army had been frequently patrolling the base of spines around the coast because that area 1023/Tungkal Sector headquarters are in this place.

The warship filled with native Dutch soldiers called Koningkelijke Leger (KL). Before arriving in Kuala Jetty Duri, the ship ran aground in the middle of the ocean because the water was receding. With a lifeboat 3 (three) persons to kuala Jetty Dutch soldiers with the intention of investigating the situation spines, but not biased to land because of low tide.

A Dutch Navy who were captured by the army of the republic of Indonesia (TRI)

being interrogated by Lieutenant Young A. Haddy D. Head III.

One of them by using a fishing boat that was passing by tried to reach land Jetty Kuala spines where there are houses and a Post Customs (Customs). Before samapi on the mainland, a boat accidentally overturned by the owner, then by the population residing in Kuala Jetty Duri Dutch Army is busy-busy arrested and taken to River Punggur, of whom helped Adnan Hasibuan a Customs Officer on duty at Jetty Kuala Duri .

Looking at these events, two Dutch soldiers who were on the boat right back to the ship. River Punggur Dutch soldiers were taken to the Sector Commander 1023 A. Fattah Leside was examined by Lieutenant Young A. Hadi Chief of Bureau III? Intel’s Northern Front, which happened to be in the village in order to help their duties in a combat situation Tungkal Front Area.

In the afternoon a patrol boat equipped with a BO Dutch heavy and light weapons opened fire towards the Jetty Kuala Sungai Punggur spines and without a definite direction (blindly). Dutch soldiers went ashore and then continue shooting. Apsukan TNI withdrew kepedalaman while shooting a reply to slow down the Dutch Army. In the event thirty (30) residents were arrested by the Dutch and taken to the Kuala Tungkal.

Lieutenant Young A. Haddy D. Head III Intel TNI

April,13th.1949

the rare Indonesia federal state letter sheet(Postblad-warkatpos) postal stationer queen wilhelmina  10 cent send from Pasundan state capital ,Bandung to Batavia(Jakarta)

April 16th.1949.

Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.the latest information the tomb of Tan Malaka was found,the bone is DNA test and cofirmed.

April 22th.1949.

 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.

April,23th.1949

Free of Revenue,Acte van overleiden(Deth Certificate) od Batavia for European people  (Rosalia Julia Lapre.)

5.Mei

(1)Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.

(2) Sadar _Ontwaken magazine,Mei 1949-The chinese overseas magazined lead by Thio In Lok ,every one month. intersting info about Pao An Tui.

In the unconscious has been described by colleagues Soegardo about PAT (Pao’s tui) which summarily describes that PAT is only logical that there is, for defending the rights of the Chinese nation has. Among the many questions surrounding the establishment of PAT, it is our attention, that all fees that amount is not small shouldered by the Chinese community itself, so that by the time the organization has never sounded kesahnya complaints about financially, could be the water as the Chinese community and the PAT as a fish . But the situation at that time was really sad karewna kwmungkinan PAT dissolution exists, financial kiarena not suffice. If PAT is dissolved, menunjukn that Chinese society is still too weak in the union to mengalang an organization to defend human rights. No one has objected the PAT in Indonesia, which defended the rights of Chinese people as no other person able to membelanya.Tidak there was a broad outlook will Indonesiapun with this prizip meolak. (Parent Iwan spoke about how the leadership of Dr. Poh An Tui city Padang, Chinese dilingkungankampung maintain and defend the legendary Chinese moans of other tribes, such as Tanah Kongsi burning efforts by spraying petrol dikalikecil, Dr. Iwan still remember the night-maolam told n = mengunsi home Ntjek Ko Lai because he wanted dibakar. Small-time record of dr iwan

Didalam sadar pernah diuaraikan oleh rekan Soegardo tentang PAT(Pao an tui) yang ringkasnya melukiskan bahwa sudah sewajarnya PAT itu ada, untuk membela hak-has azasi dari bangsa Tionghoa. Diantara banyak soal sekitar pendirian PAT ,adalah sangat menarik perhatian kita,bahwa segala biaya yang jumlahnya tidak sedikit dipikul oleh masyarakat Tionghoa sendiri,sehingga pada waktu organisasi itu tidak pernah kedengaran keluh-kesahnya soal finasial ,bisa merupakan air sebagai masyarakat Tionghoa dan PAT sebagai ikannya.Tetapi keadaan pada waktu itu sungguh menyedihkan karewna kwmungkinan dibubarkannya PAT itu ada, kiarena keuangan tidak mencukupkan. Jika PAT dibubarkan ,menunjukn bahwa masyarakat Tionghoa masih terlampau lemah dalam persatuannya untuk mengalang suatu organisasi guna membela hak azasi. Tak ada seorangpun yang keberatan adanya PAT di Indonesia ini,yang membela hak azasi bangsa Tionghoa karena tidak ada lain orang yang mampu membelanya.Tidak ada seorang Indonesiapun dengan pandangan luas akan meolak prizip ini.(Orang Tua Dr Iwan bercerita bagaimana pimpinan Poh An Tui kota Padang,dilingkungankampung Tionghoa menjaga dan membela kaum Tionghoa daris erangan suku lain,seperti upaya membakar Tanah Kongsi dengan menyiramkan bensi dikalikecil, Dr iwan Masih ingat malam-maolam disuruh mengungsi ke rumah Ntjek Ko Lai karena katanya Kali Kecil mau dibakar.-catatan dr iwan)

MAY,5TH.1949

MAY, 5TH. 1949

 THE BATTLE AT FORT HURABA

1) On May 5, 1949 at around 04.00.Wib Dutch Army from Pijor koling held siege attack of four majors, assisted by 2 members of Mobile Brigade road Bookmarks Tapanuli named MAKALEO and Syamsul Bahri, the Dutch attack was captured FORT HURABA, Troops MBK Tapanuli in Fort Huraba Tolang and retreated to his native troops led brigade-B CAPTAIN ROBINSON Hutapea back to Kampung Tolang

2) Arriving in the village of MAS Tolang KADIRAN collect all the existing forces and ordered the attack on replies to the Dutch troops who have occupied FORT HURABA, Battle happen again with the help of troops firing mortars KADIRAN MAS can be expelled from FORT HURABA and at 16.30.Wib FORT HURABA can the reclaim and Dutch troops retreated into the field of battle FORT Sidempuan HURABA losses in the troops led by MAS members MBK KADIRAN 10 people were killed, 12 people from the Forces Brigade – B were killed and losses Weapons.

3) After the Dutch troops retreated from FORT HURABA Dutch troops never again attack the FORT HURABA, only MAS KADIRAN never received a letter from the Dutch in Padang Sidempuan Army to surrender and give up when the going gets Position, but the letter was returned by the MAS KADIRAN delivered by a woman trader named MARIAM the contents of the letter reads “WE DO NOT WANT TO MEYERAH ..!!! PLEASE COME TO FORT HURABA IF TRUE MASTER – MASTER want to colonize. WE THANK-BEANS BEANS WITH OUR “

4) With the CEACH FIRE in September 1949 the MAS KADIRAN A commander of the Battle Command Battle Fortress Fortress Huraba submit to Aiptu USMAN Huraba Danki – A MBK Tapanuli and Mas Kadiran Penyabungan left to take care of everything in case of delivery of the purposes of sovereignty and Weigh received by Dutch Army.

r. PUTTING POLICE CHIEF POSITION NORTH SUMATRA

Penyabungan city is the capital of South Tapanuli, after the city of Padang Sidempuan in the Dutch Army controlled, as the Civil Administration / Regent is KING LUBIS lord, is the king Oloan police chief and commander of troops is a MAJOR Bejo. For the Chief Constable of North Sumatra occurred Kepakuman because at Sibolga and Dutch troops occupied Sidempuan P. DARWIN’S FATHER KARIM Kapala as North Sumatra Police went to Paya Kumbu, then proposed by MAS KARIM DARWIN’S FATHER KADIRAN to lead the police in North Sumatra.

s. POLICE TRAINING IN FIRST CHRISTMAS

With the CEACH FIRE / truce, and no longer Dutch attacks as head of the MAS KADIRAN MBK Tapanuli DARWIN’S FATHER KARIM propose to add members to MBK Tapanuli and practice it, the proposal to be approved later KADIRAN MAS Mas Kadiran choose Youth-Youth of the Guerrilla Merapi 60 people and of the Brigade – B led MAJOR Bejo as many as 50 people. The next 110 Youth Education gets sent keNataluntuk Police and other exercises and as Chief of Police Education and Training. North Sumatra Police chief Adjunct Senior Commissioner DARWIN KARIM lift Iptu Ibn as Chief of Police Education and Training at Christmas.

t. Mobile Brigade residency Tapanuli

ASKED TO BE ORGANIC army

MAS KADIRAN summoned FATHER SAID UMAR Sumatra Police chief in Bonjol, Mr. Umar Said asks you about the status of the Mas Kadiran Tapanuli MBK “WHAT IS ORGANIC Mobile Brigade SIGN IN OR REMAIN IN POLICE Army ‘Mas Kadiran then replied” IF WE ARE STILL IN NEED WORKERS IN POLICE THEN WE WILL CONTINUE TO BE A MEMBER OF POLICE BECAUSE WE ARE STRIVING FOR INDEPENDENCE OF THE POLICE IS “thus Sumatra Police chief Mr Umar Said That set MBK Tapanuli remain in the Police and the rank was raised to MAS KADIRAN KLS POLICE COMMISSIONER-II with Position COMMANDERS BIG CAR Brigade – I SUMUT – ACEH, after inauguration the next day please Mas Kadiran Prayer Restu to Mr. Said Omar to return to Penyabungan and when he got in Penyabungan reports to the Chief Constable of North Sumatra Mr. Darwin Karim.

May 7th.1949.

“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.

Based on Aneta information Jakarta said the Republic Radio “Voice of Sumatra” the PDRI government  about Van Royen-Roem Agreement. The PDRI goverenment accept the Roem-Royen agreement on  such codition(atas syarat-syarat) :

a) Pasoekan Republik harus diperkenankan tetap menduduki posisi yang ada ditempatnya sekarang.

b)Tentara Belanda haruslah dengan perlahan-lahan ditarik mundur dari posisinya sekarang ini.

c)Pengembalian Pemrintahan Republik ke Djokja haruslah dengan tidak bersyarat(tanpa syarat)

d)Souvereinieteit (Kedaulatan)Republik atas Jawa,Sumatra,madura serta pulau-pulau sekitarnya,harus diakui oleh Belanda menurut perjanjian Linggarjati.

May,16th.1949.

The Postally Used Lettersheet postblad warkatpos ,from Batavia(Jakarta) to Semarang.with Wilhelmina stamps 10 sen.

May,25th.1949

General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.

May,31th.1949.

(1)On May,31th.1949,

Panittia status Tapanoeli telah mengadakan suatu rapat di Taroetoeng yang dihadiri oleh lebih kurang 200 orang yang mewakili seluruh masyarakat demikian”Aneka”. Diantara para hadirin juga terdapat beberapa orang terkemuka yang berhaluan Republik. Setelah diadakan suatu perdebatan yang panjang lebar,maka rapat mengambil suatu resolusi ,dimana disetujui status ketatanegaraan untuk tapanuli. Dalam suatu rapat di Balige,yang dihadiri oleh lebih kurang 700 orang, telah disetujui tujuan panitia status Tapanoeli. Pembentukan suatu Dewan Perwakilan Tapanoeli telah diperbincangkan dengan teliti,bahkan telah disertai dengan perayaan,demikian Aneta. Selanuutjnya juga di Sibolga telah diadakan rapat untuk memperbincangkan hal ini.Untuk pekerjaaan pembangunan kembali telah dibentuk suatu panitia yang diberinama “Pembangunan Bersama Saerah Tapanoeli”

(2) Postally used Posttas stationer card 5 sen send from bogor to Jatinegara,Prison  Bukit duri, a letter to the custodian at Bukit Duri prison with their officias stamped:” de factory Gevangenen kamp meester cornelis(very rare and only one ever seen-Dr Iwan note)

the letter :

Bogor 01/31/49

greetings and Happy

Thank God we say to the Divine Presence, this is blown over the first of our mouths, I arrived home safely.

Mas (elder brother) was ketir scenery and atmosphere, very different from what dahulu.Apa-aspired to in the fumble prisoners will all but I am not surprised.

While this is in addition to working on something, just stay home writing maaaf. Bogor air (air) was dinggin once.

  Sofyan bung in Bogor is still working. What are the kurasai. only then can I be glad when there is no longer prisoners in Bukit Duri. Mas all these signs of suhardja letter, tell the brothers. Sorry for the other brothers

Bogor 31/1.49

salam dan Bahagia

Alhamdulilah kami ucapkan kepada hadirat Ilahi, atas inilah yang terhembus pertama-tama dari mulut kami,dengan selamat saya tiba dirumah.

Mas(elder brother) memang ketir pemandangan dan suasana ,amatlah berbeda dengan dahulu.Apa-apa yang dicita-citakan dalam tawanan meleset semua akan tetapi saya tidak heran.

Sementara ini selain mengerjakan sesuatu,hanya tinggal dirumah menulis maaaf. Bogor udaranya (hawa) terasa dinggin sekali.

 bung Sofyan ada di Bogor masih  bekerja. Sedang apa yang kurasai. saya barulah dapat bersenang hati bila tak ada tawanan lagi di Bukit Duri. Mas semua inilah tanda surat dari suhardja,katakan kepada saudara-saudara. Kasihan pada saudara-saudara yang lain. 

6.June

June,7th,1949

the rare change of adress dancer 2 cen added overprint Indonesia federaal stampF 1.-,postally used via airmail from Malili(rare area) to Semarang ,

June,10th.1949

(1)Postally used circulair letter from the chineseoversees  Medical Doctor,Dental health and aphothekeer organiztions ,alaydrus street ,Central jacarta to the member with federal usa printing stamps 1 and 2 cent.

(2)Menurut keterangan Sultan Djokja ,pada hari ini lebih kurang seratus orang pembesar Republik dan orang partikelir beserta keluarga,oleh Belanda telah diangkut dari Magelang ke Djokja. Sebagai alasan orang-orang itu dianggap berbahaya untuk keamanan dan ketertiban  umum serta mereka mendapat pangilan pemerintah Repoeblik,sedangkan hal tersebut ternyata tidak benar.Hal ini telah dilaporkan kepada ketua delegasi Republik,supaya dengan perantaraan PBB diajukan protes.

Keterangan Sultan yang kedua ,mengenai soal pelemparan granat tangan dihalaman tempat kediaman Iboe Soekarno.Sultan menerangkan ,bahwa difihak orang Belanda ingin memperlihatkan kepada dunia ketridak sanggupan pemerintah republik untuk mempertahankan keamana dan ketertiban,jika telah dikembalikan ke Djokja dan bahwa kejadian itu dibesar-besarkan. Kabar yang mengatakan bersumber dari pihak Republik,bahwa granat tangan itu dilempar oleh pihak FDR dan bukanlah oleh PKI,menurut Sultan pihak resmi Republik sama sekali tidak tahu dan sampai sekarang rtidak ada bukti bahwa orang Indonesia yang telah melemparkanya. Akhirnyaditerangkan oleh Sultan bahwa sampai pada waktu Pemerintak Republik dikembalikan,maka tentara Belanda bertanggung Jawab atas keamanan penduduk di Djokja.

Sultan Jogja menerangkan dalam konperensi pers di Djokja sekembalinya dari kunjungan ke Jakarta dan Bangka ,bahwa kunjungan tersebut memberikan kepuasan. Mungkin dalam minggu ini akan diumumkan, kapan berlangsungnya penyerahan kekuasaan di Djokja oleh Belanda kepada republik.Kembalinya Presiden Soekarno dan Drs Moh Hatta beserta pemimpin rfepubli lainnya, sangat bisa terjadi dua atau tiga hari steelah terjadi penyerahan kedaulatan tersebut,hal ini juga tergantung kepada  keresidenan Djokja.

KETERANG Dr SOEKIMAN, Ketua Masjumi dr Soekimanpun telah memberi satu uraian yang panjang lebar tentang kunjungan Hatta ke Aceh. dikatakannya rombongan Hatta sangat menyesal karena sudah tidak dapat bertemu muka dengan Mr Sjafroeddin,akan tetapi ini tidaklah mengakibatkan hal yang tidak enak. Dr Soekiman menegaskan bahwa seluruh Aceh ada menyokong kesepakatan  van Royen-Roem.Sebelumnya Hatta datang di Aceh,pihak PNI sangat menentang persetujuan itu, akan tetapi pendirian ini telah berubah setelah Mr Ali Sastroamidjojo memberikan keterangan selengkapnya.  Dr Soekiman menceritakan juga, bahwa pada waktu sebelumnya rombongan pemimpin republik datang, lapangan terbang Longah di Aceh telah ditembaki dengan sanpan mesin dan dibom dari udara oleh pasukan Belanda.Tapi pihak militer belanda yang berkuasa menyangkal dengan keras keterangan tersbut diatas.

Pembantu Mimbar Oemoem di Djokja memberikan informasi dari Dr Halim,seorang anggota Badan Pekerja KNI(Komite nasional Indoensia), ia menerangkan bahwa setelah Pemerintah Republik nanti kembali ke Djokja, pada pokoknya ia setuju sekali dengan adanya kabinet parlementer , karena lebih demokratis dari kabinet Presidentiel. Tetapi menilik suasana pada waktu ini, justru dalam waktu peralihan ,figur-figur seperti Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta yang tidak terikat dalam salah satu patai atau golongan , masih diperlukan untuk dapat mengatasi segala pertentangan partai dan golongan sekalipun mereka itu  sebagai manusia juga tidak luput dari kesalahan dan kekurangan. Dr Halim setuju sekali bila diadakan resuffle kabinet buat menganti beberapa orang yang dipandang kurang kuat.

INTERVIEW WITH THE RESULTS dr.j.h. van Royen by BMDiah leader Merdeka newspaper published in the Daily Panarangan:

a. Apabilakah conceivably pemrintah Republican masters to come back? The answer: The Return of the Republic to Djokja is preceded by two terms: the evacuation of civilians and the achievement of a formula to hold a “Cease fuire order” which is being discussed by the two sub-commission for it, and I hope by the end of this week reached a command to stop fighting . Then with the Dutch troops will be withdrawn segrara mundur.Ini at least take a week and I beraharap at the end of this week reached a command to stop fighting.

b. The Conference will be held Bilakan bunda.Jawabannya table: Selaks as possible, I hope that after the Republic back and aprlemennya approve the agreement was made, it will be taken as a date destination July 15 to hold a Round table conference.

c.Bagaimanakah may hold an agency representative to welcome kedaulatn.Jika right for freedom and limited state of mind this people? only in Dutch-controlled area for those who want to follow the lead of the Netherlands while the class of the republic can not speak? he replied: I think the will of the people and independence of thought has already been firmly expressed desire for independence that would not indicate that there is a real will of the people? not the greatness of the popularity of President soekarno it as fact will of the people? However, regarding the matter of election of some form of state or constitutional legendary esuatu Indomnesia area had to be done together under international supervision. If the Dutch troops had withdrawn from the areas occupied by itself for both parties, for the followers of the Republic there is no reason to say that they are oppressed to express their opinions and for those who think differently should be gaining independence cukup.Pemilihan so this should be done under international supervision. In this case the limits of something where the sound was to be done pemunggutan also in harmony with a healthy mind. Self-determination sendir it properly recognized, but also in this great little area must ditemntukan first, for example by a constituent assembly.

d) if the master trust in the current Republican leaders opposed to host negotiations? answer: I sunguh put their trust in them. in connection with this question, the chairman of the Dutch delegation was advancing petanyaan replies: “Are People Indonesia will put their trust in them, also Kapau transfer of sovereignty has been done, we Jawan: Stay at least to their confidence in the Indonesian People depend on their results in the fight for independence by way talks with the host delegation led (headed), also with the wisdom of his leadership in running the master Lovink ini.Apabila approvals done in the land can be implemented with the help of masters and kepercayaabn Indonesia into larger nation against the Dutch government’s intention, then their position will be stronger and higher also harhat and their degrees in the eyes of the people, the more the days after the transfer of sovereignty.

FACTS ABOUT MR Roem RETURNS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJOKJA.Dalam a question and answer between the editor in chief harin Indonesia Merdeka with delegation chairman Mr.Moh.Roem, he stated that the Government return to Djokja Rrepublik within the next week is not yet possible, but can be expected to occur in this June as well. As is known by the sound of a communique slah United Nations Commission for Indonesia, the return of republican government may hope will happen daslam mid-June and the day that the Sultan of Yogyakarta ditentukan.Saat not been able to take over the government leadership seluruj Jogja around the 20th of June.

To the question whether the delay in the return of government to Djokja RFepublik caused difficulties djumpai about cease fire, Mr. Roem replied, delayed because of problems of refugees and the withdrawal of Dutch troops.

(Source of info: Panarangan Newspaper, Padang, 16 june 19 549)

 
 

HASIL WAWANCARA DENGAN dr.j.h. van Royen oleh  B.M.Diah pemimpin surat kabar Merdeka yang dimuat dalam harian Panarangan:

a. Apabilakah menurut pikiran tuan pemrintah Republik Dapat kembali? Jawabannya: Kembalinya Republik ke Djokja adalah didahului oleh dua syarat: evakuasi orang sipil dan kedua tercapainya suatu formula untuk mengadakan “Cease fuire order” yang sedang dibicarakan oleh kedua sub-komisi untuk itu,dan saya berharap pada akhir minggu ini tercapai bentuk perintah menghentikan pertempuran. Kemudian dengan segrara pasukan belanda akan ditarik mundur.Ini sekurang-kurangnya memakan waktu satu minggu dan saya beraharap pada akhir minggu ini tercapai bentuk perintah menghentikan pertempuran.

b. Bilakan akan diadakan Konperensi meja bunda.Jawabannya : Selaks-lekasnya,saya harap sesudah Republik kembali dan aprlemennya menyetujui persetujuan yang dibuat, maka akan diambil sebagai tanggal tujuan 15 Juli untuk mengadakan konperensi meja Bundar.

c.Bagaimanakah mungkin mengadakan suatu badan yang representatif untuk menyambut kedaulatan.Jika hak kemerdekaan dan menyatakan pikiran rakyat itu terbatas?hanya pada daerah yang dikuasai Belanda bagi mereka yang mau mengikuti pimpinan Belanda sedangkan golongan republik tidak dapat bersuara?jawabnya : Menurut hemat saya kehendak rakyat itu dan kemerdekaan menyatakan pikiran itu sudah tegas bukankah  keinginan untuk kemerdekaan itu menunjukkan bahwa ada kehendak rakyat yang nyata? bukankah kebesaran popularitas Presiden soekarno itu sebagai kenyataan kehendak rakyat? Akan tetapi mengenai soal pemilihan sesuatu bentuk negara atau ketatanegaraan daris esuatu daerah Indomnesia memang harus dilakukan bersama dibawah pengawasan Internasional. Apabila tentara belanda sudah ditarik dari daerah yang diduduki dengan sendirinya bagi kedua belah pihak,bagi pengikut Republik tidak ada alasan mengatakan bahwa mereka ditindas untuk menyatakan pendapatnya dan bagi mereka yang berpikiran  lain haruslah mendapat kemerdekaan cukup.Pemilihan demikian ini harus dilakukan dibawah pengawasan Internasional. Dalam hal ini batas-batas sesuatu tempat dimana dilakukan pemunggutan suara itu haruslah pula selaras dengan pikiran yang sehat. Hak menentukan nasib sendir itu benar diakui,tetapi juga dalam hal ini besar kecil daerah itu harus ditemntukan lebih dahulu,umpamanya oleh konstituante.

d) apakah tuan menaruh kepercayaan pada pemimpin Republik yang sekarang lawan tuan berunding?jawabannya: Saya sunguh menaruh kepercayaan kepada mereka. berhubung dengan pertanyaan ini,ketua delegasi belanda itu memajukan petanyaan balasan:”Apakah Rakyat Indonesia akan menaruh kepercayaan kepada mereka,juga kapau penyerahan kedaulatan  sudah dilakukan, jawan kita : Tetap tidaknya kepercayaan Rakyat Indonesia kepada mereka tergantung kepada hasil mereka dalam memperjuangkan kemerdekaan dengan jalan berunding dengan delegasi yang tuan pimpin(ketuai),Juga dengan kebijaksanaan tuan Lovink dalam menjalankan pimpinannya dinegeri ini.Apabila persetujuan yang diperbuat dapat dilaksanakan dengan penuh bantuan tuan-tuan dan kepercayaabn bangsa Indonesia menjadi lebih besar terhadap maksud pemerintah Belanda,maka kedudukan mereka akan lebih kuat  dan lebih tinggi pula harhat dan derajat mereka dimata rakyat,lebih-lebih dimasa sesudah penyerahan kedaulatan.

KETERANGAN MR ROEM TENTANG PENGEMBALIAN PEMERINTAHAN REPUBLIK KE DJOKJA.Dalam suatu tanya jawab antara pemimpin redaksi harin Merdekan denga ketua delegasi Indonesia Mr.Moh.Roem, beliau menyatakan bahwa pengembalian Pemerintah Rrepublik ke Djokja  dalam minggu depan ini belum mungkin , tapi bisa diharap akan terjadi dalam bulan Juni ini juga. Seperti diketahui menurut bunyi slah satu komunike Komisi PBB untuk Indonesia,pengembalian pemerintahan republik dapat diharap akan terjadi dalam pertengahan bulan Juni dan harinya tidak ditentukan.Saat itu Sultan Jogja sudah dapat mengambil alih pimpinan pemerintahan seluruj Jogja sekitar tanggal 20 juni.

Atas pertanyaan apakah tertundanya pengembalian pemerintahan Republik ke Djokja disebabkan kesukaran yang djumpai soal cease fire, Mr Roem menjawab, tertunda karena adanya soal pengungsi dan penarikan tentara Belanda.

(sumber info: Panarangan Newspaper,Padang,16 june 19549)

June,13th.1949

Mr.Mohammad Roem visit “Sekolah RakyaT”(people school” at Dukuh (two photo)

June,14th.1949

Mr van Maarseveen had pointed as the Dutch menistry of oversees area(menteri usrusa n saerah seberang lautan) , and the menistry will visit Indonesia in order the get the general situation, and Mr van Schaik as the Dutch menistry of internal affair(menteri dalam Negeri)

June,16th.1949

(1)The Postal used letetr from Chinese oversead Medical doctor,Dentish and Aphother organization with NICA USA stamps 2 sen dan 1 sen.

(2)The Federal state PTT official letter to Mr Soewil first Class officer PTT Padang from the Chief of PTTT 4th area (Sumatra) C.den Haan about mr Soewil moving to Laboehan Bilik Est sumatra.

(3)PANARAGAN NEWS PAPER from PADANG

Information from Panarangan newspaper from Padang West Sumatra Wensday,June,15th.1949.,:

(1)Round Table Conference at Den Haag May be Agust 1st 1949.

(2)The PDRI(Pemrintah Daroerat Rep8ublik Indonesia) accept the Roem-Royen Agreement with condition(dengan syatat)

(3) Dutch must “Mengakui Kedaulatan” the sovereign of Republic Indonesia State (NRI) on Java,sumatra,Madura and the island around it

(4)The Federalis of Sumatra want to meet Mr Sjafroeddin: Warta Indonesia newspaper had recievd informations that the Sumatra Federalis leaders want to meet the leader of PDRI(Pemerintah Daroerat Repoeblik Indonesia) ,Mr Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara.The Main speking about the status of Aceh and Nias to the Sumatra Federal state and the  status of Sumatra in relationship commjunication with another area in Indonesia.

.

June,19th,1949

(1) The very rare Est Sumatra Stae(Negara sumatra Timur) Merriage act(Surat Kawin Negraa Sumatra Timur Bahagian agama ,with the emblem of NST.)

(2)June, 11th.1949
Postally used cover from cds batavia centrum to Jogja, with 10 cent wilh  wilhelmina stamp.the included love letter:

My thoughts.

At a time when dusk blind chickens, mountains visible in the sky golden yellow, signifying the king’s almost night and day.

There was no view except from the sky that surround the house hatiku.Dibelakang porters and field, faint eye could see that look just tegals verdant. The city that became the center of my life. The first time I began to see the natural beauty authorized.

… City of Jakarta, a city that permai.Hati Nica-flirt seduce the news Lien family circumstances disini.Kebetulan dik at that time I was playing around at home like Ni and we were sitting diserambi muka.Sekonyang suddenly there came a letter carrying postbode addressed to Ms. Ni and saw the letter before I can know that the letter from Dik Lien. After we settle for words and we chatted to go home, feeling that it received a letter from a friend or sis comes home famili.After  stepped into the room really was a letter located on the table. Whose letter from hell?

I know the last new letter from you and the inner I  understand. with news and discussion of the letter was as if a fortune alighted dibadanku, well, apparently dik Lien wrote kemari.Aku count (say) many thanks for your kindness that the brothers want to waste the time to write letters and will not forget us family here, hopefully saj onwards. Have younger brother received a letter from dik Seger, they all have in Semarang open. Hanyas my family who still live in Yogyakarta, the same mother and my sister is in salatiga, only the father who still  living in mobile jogya.We  always thinking about it why they can not go back as soon as possible bersama.Mungkin dik Lien had received a letter from Supartinah salatiga. Perhaps they were still there long, since waiting for the arrival of the father of Jogya.Kami herein have not been to school only temporarily akat take privatlessen pending in August is coming up and we had to comply with the Federal government, because there was no school here, but not why the sister Republic of study and participate remember in my soul like a son of Indonesia. Lien dik certainly not going to open the school.Wah kasiahan deh if  remember the  kid in Yogyakarta patiently educating school, It will soon be restored, by itself you can study  with tenang as usual.

seringkah (always) dik Lien met with Sud. He was still with you. Does he always tells me its after my peaving .How  close to him to convey greetings.

Well so enough news from me, worship me for RAMA (father ), tante (aunt ) and Mukarta Mbak, Mas Slamet and thank you …… unforgetable my nationality salut for you , MERDEKA!

 

June,21th.1949

COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het uitrollen van rubbersheets in een rubberfabriek te Naga Timbool TMnr 60014061.jpg

the rare postcard from Onderneming(Plantation) Dolok Oeloe  Deli-Batavia Rubber Maatshapij(Factory) with  Ned Indie 5 cent stamps CDS Pematang Sianatar 21.6.49.

(b) The photo of presdient Soekarno and  VIce Presiden Hatta  press conference with American jourlanist at Bangka Island  which they were “Diasingkan” (four photos)

June 24th.1949.

Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya

June,27th,1949

June, 27th, 1949

 Delivery of truce negotiations and Sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia

On June 27, 1949 Principles of Agreement “Rum Royen” announced the contents of which include the peghentian tenbak firing from both sides. On August 1, 1949 signed the joint agreement “Termination Shoot Shoot” from both sides. Implementation is disseminated through radio announcements, the overall wire TNI in the archipelago. Meanwhile, from the dutch H. Y. Lovink act as Deputy Supreme Crown of the Netherlands in Jakarta, delivered throughout the Netherlands Army. Cessation of gunfire followed and supervised by UNCI and after poko agreement is implemented then continue the Round Table Conference in The Hague.

At Edinburgh on August 3, 1949 announced the termination shootout by the power of the Dutch military, with emphasis on instruction / command termination Shoot Shoot it in the form of pamphlets that circulated from the airplane because the position of the TNI in the pockets of guerrillas.

This leaflet was signed by the Military Governor of South Sumatra Dr. A. K. Gani, which reads as follows: “THE ORDER OF SUPREME COMMANDER TTKD TNI. AUTHORITY GIVEN KON.SUM.KOL. Hidayat, THEN SOUTH SUMATRA TO ALL ORDERS AND UNITY TNI AGENCY OF THE ARMED STRUGGLE OF SHOOTS AND SHOOT STOPPING HOSTILITY AND REMAIN place EACH DATED 03 AUGUST 1949 FROM 24.00 HOURS. INDONESIA TIME COMMAND TTK HBS Dr. A.K. Gani “.

The original wire is directly delivered by the Military Governor of South Sumatra to the Government Resident of the Emergency Civil Affairs Sub Commander Territorial Edinburgh and Edinburgh.

As a continuation of the wire termination shootout by the Military Governor of South Sumatra was issued on the instruction-instruction as follows:

1. Notice to the commander-the commander of Force (Battalion, Company, Section) regarding the determination of the TNI hangout for each unit of concentration.

2. To be held talks between Vice TBA Introduction of Van Schendel and Lieutenant Colonel A. G. W. Navis with the Local Joint Committee consisting of Colonel Abunjani, Regent M. Kamil and major Brori Mansyur.

Fire Ceas order not to breach the ceasefire by each of the warring parties and based on the results of the meeting Estuary Tembesi October 27, 1949 between Indonesia and the Netherlands under the coordination UNCI / Three Nations Commission agreed that all troops should leave and empty pockets . To that end, representatives of the Local Joint Committee TNI Major Brori Mansyur and from the Dutch Lieutenant Wolterbeck use the facility held a meeting Dutch BO Motor / meetings with the leaders of the Front Tungkal Area, which was attended, among others, Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside, Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, Hasan Buimin Sergeant Major, Sergeant Major Sergeant Arwansyah Syamsi with bodyguards, in the first week of November 1949 in the Trenches Deli (Tungkal Ilir) deliver instruction and manage technical implementation of TNI forces evacuations in place of concentration Merlung Battalion joined the staff of Gatot Kaca and co- colleagues from the Front Sengeti Area. While waiting for the next settlement, supply and logistical aid sent periodically to the Tungkal Ulu by the Dutch facility administered by the Joint Committee staff.

Evacuation is obvious disappointment for the troops Tungkal Area, let alone the countryside except the city of Kuala Tungkal, merupaka intact areas of the Republic of Indonesia by people who Republikien, but by realizing greater importance in the struggle. There is no other alternative, but to follow evacuation instructions, with a heavy heart and tears during a farewell to the people who like fish and water unite in the struggle for Sports and grief of this beloved Republic of Indonesia.

 Perundingan Genjatan Senjata dan Penyerahan Kedaulatan Republik Indonesia

Pada tanggal 27 Juni 1949 Pokok-pokok Persetujuan “Rum Royen” diumumkan yang isinya antara lain mengenai peghentian tenbak menembak dari kedua belah pihak. Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1949 ditanda tangani persetujuan bersama “Penghentian Tembak Menembak” dari kedua belah pihak. Pengumuman pelaksanaannya disebarkan melalui radio, kawat keseluruhan jajaran TNI di Nusantara. Sedangkan dari pihak belanda H. Y. Lovink bertindak sebagai Wakil Tertinggi Mahkota Belanda di Jakarta, menyampaikan keseluruh Tentara Belanda. Penghentian tembak menembak ini diikuti dan diawasi oleh UNCI dan setelah poko persetujuan ini dilaksanakan barulah dilanjutkan Konferensi Meja Bundar di Den Haag.

Di Jambi pada tanggal 3 Agustus 1949 diumumkan penghentian tembak menembak oleh KUasa Militer Belanda, dengan memperbanyak intruksi/Perintah Penghentian Tembak Menembak itu dalam bentuk surat selebaran yang disebarkan dari pesawat udara karena kedudukan TNI berada di kantong-kantong gerilya.

Selebaran ini ditandatangani oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan Dr. A. K. Gani, yang berbunyi sebagai berikut: “ATAS PERINTAH PANGLIMA TERTINGGI TNI TTKD. KUASA DIBERIKAN KON.SUM.KOL. HIDAYAT, MAKA SUMATERA SELATAN MEMERINTAHKAN KEPADA SEMUA KESATUAN TNI SERTA BADAN PERJUANGAN RAKYAT YANG BERSENJATA MENGHENTIKAN TEMBAK MENEMBAK DAN PERMUSUHAN SERTA TETAP DITEMPAT MASING-MASING MULAI TANGGAL 03 AGUSTUS 1949 JAM 24.00. WAKTU INDONESIA TTK PERINTAH HBS Dr. A.K. GANI”.

Asli kawat ini langsung disampaikan oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan kepada Pemerintah Sipil Darurat Residen RI Jambi dan Komandan Sub Teritorial Jambi.

Sebagai kelanjutan dari kawat penghentian tembak menembak oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan tersebut dikeluarkan pada intruksi-intruksi sebagai berikut:

1. Pemberitahuan kepada Komanda-komandan Pasukan (Batalyon, Kompi, Seksi) TNI tentang penentuan tempat berkumpul masing-masing kesatuan konsentrasi.

2. Supaya diadakan Perundingan Pendahuluan antara Wakil TBA yang terdiri dari Van Schendel dan Letnan Kolonel A. G. W. Navis dengan Local Joint Commitee yang terdiri dari Kolonel Abunjani, Bupati M. Kamil dan mayor Brori Mansyur.

Ceas Fire agar jangan sampai terjadi pelanggaran gencatan senjata tersebut oleh masing-masing pihak yang berperang dan berdasarkan hasil rapat Muara Tembesi 27 Oktober 1949 antara RI dan Belanda di bawah koordinasi UNCI/Komisi Tiga Negara disetujui bahwa semua pasukan TNI harus meninggalkan dan mengosongkan kantong-kantong. Untuk itu, utusan Local Joint Committee dari TNI Mayor Brori Mansyur dan dari pihak Belanda Letnan Satu Wolterbeck mempergunakan fasilitas Motor BO Belanda mengadakan rapat/pertemuan dengan Pimpinan Front Tungkal Area yang dihadiri antara lain Letnan Muda A. Fattah Leside, Sersan mayor Kadet Madhan. AR, Sersan Mayor Buimin Hasan, Sersan Mayor Arwansyah dengan pengawal Sersan Dua Syamsi, pada minggu pertama November 1949 di Parit Deli (Tungkal Ilir) menyampaikan intruksi dan mengatur tekhnis Pelaksanaan Evakuasi Pasukan TNI ketempat konsentrasi di Merlung bergabung dengan staf Batalyon Gatot Kaca dan rekan-rekan dari Front Sengeti Area. Selama menunggu penyelesaian selanjutnya, bantuan suplay dan logistik dikirim secara periodic ke Tungkal Ulu oleh fasilitas Belanda yang diatur oleh petugas Joint Committee.

Evakuasi tersebut jelas menimbulkan kekecewaan bagi pasukan Tungkal Area, apalagi daerah pedalaman kecuali kota Kuala Tungkal, utuh merupaka daerah Republik Indonesia dengan rakyatnya yang Republikien, tetapi dengan menyadari kepentingan yang lebih besar dalam perjuangan. Tidak ada alternatif lain, selain mematuhi intruksi evakuasi tersebut, dengan berat hati dan tetesan air mata sewaktu terjadi perpisahan dengan rakyat yang manunggal seperti ikan dan air dalam sukan maupun dukanya perjuangan menegakkan Republik Indonesia tercinta ini.

June 29

 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.from south sector lead by Let.col soeharto(later presiden Indonesia) and north Sector lead by Col.Djatikusumo, look the picture of them with Sri Paku Alam.

June,30th.1949.

The Postally used private Banjarmasin “Depot Masa “book store  cover,send from cds Banjarmasin to Bing Sin ‘s Book store Surabaya-simpang..

7.July

The photo of high dutch commisaris nigh  Lovink ‘sreception in june 1949,the chiel of Repoeblik Indonesia delegation Mr.Moh Roem “hadir’ (two photos)

July 1

Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.

July,3rd.1949

the picture of Sultan Yogja with the leader of military grilya at Kepatihan

July,4th.1949

(1)the rare official free stamps cover from cds Djambi 4.7.50 to Batavia(very arre cover from Djambi because in 1949 until July under PDRI state,and after PDRI gave the autority to NRI Jogya,Djambi became federal state until the soeverinity to RIS december.27th.1949(only five month under federal state)

(2) The Batavia’s Chinese overseas Medical doctor,dentist and aphothekeer organization circulair letter with smelt 3 sen stamp  to the member Dr Tung sin Nio (the first lady doctor from Medical Faculty of Indonesia University)

July,5th.1849

(a)Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, the leader of PDRI cs ready back to  Yogya “dijemput” by Dr Leimena and Moh Natsir and before depature Moh.Natsir speaking(pidato) ,also Sjafruddin Prawiranegara and other realted pictures(five  photos )

(b) the meeting between  Dutch delegation and Indonesian delegation  supervied by United Nation at Yogja on this day.

July 6th,1949

(a) President Soekarno arrived at Yogja this day, also another menistry Ali sastroatmidjojo,Haji Agus salim.(two photosZ)

(b)Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.

July,7th.1949

(a)Sjafruddin Prawiranegara arrive at Kemyoan airport from suamtra(six photos)

(b) Sjafruddin Prawiranegara arrived at Yogja( five photos)

 and  meeting with president soekarno(three photos)

July,8th.1949

(1)Tanggal 8 juli 1949,didesa Krejo Kecamatan Ponjong, daerah Gunung Kendeng, saya(Rosihan anwar) dan Letkol Soeharto(kelak jadi presiden) bertemu presiden Soekarno  dan Wakil Presiden Hatta  untuk meratakan jalan kearah dimulainya KMB(konperensi meja Bundar)  di den Haag(napak tilas KMB,kompas,28 januari 2010)

(2)Panglima Besar General sudirman arrived at Yogja freom gureilla  area, “disambut” welcome by the chief of PDRI Syafruddin prawiranegraa (two photos)

 

Let.col.Suharto(later presiden RI) behind General sudirman.

(3) Postally used Book store “Kamadjoean” Semarang’s private cover, send from Semarang to Surabia. 

July,12th.1949

Postally used  Postal stationer  briefkaart_Kartoepos stationer 5 sen, send from stairgt Stamped TEMANGGOENG  to Semarang (rare post mark).

July ,13th.1949

(a)Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.

(b) After transferred of Power fro PDRI, begin the first NRI Cabinet meeting(bersidang) at Yogjakarta.( one photo)

(c) The Dutch delegation  lead by DR. Van Royen arrived at Maguwo airtport Yogja, welcome by the Indonesian delegiati n leader Mr.Moh Roem(two photoa)

and at night for the distinguist guest ,presiden Soekarno made the reception(one photos)

8.August

Republic troops retake Surakarta.

August,4th.1949

The Rare  food distribution zegel label , for used in the Ombilin coal mine store Sawahloento West Sumatra.

August 7th.1949

Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.

August,9th.1949

The rare Money Order (binnenlanden Postwissel) send from pontianak in city with smelt 121/2 sen stamps.

August 11

Ceasefire on Java.

August 12th 1949

Postally used federal state postal stationer smelt 2 sen send from Pajakumbuh with federal postal Satmped CDS Republik Indonesia stamped which the  rep Indonesia clean off(dibersihkan) to Van Dorp book store Batavia centrum(jakarta pusat)(This special  card send from Mr W.D my senior  phillatelist friend’s farther Dr Adnan  W.D, the medical doctor in Payakumbuh where my father and grandfather live during Dai Nippon Occupation,my sister Elina born there in 1947-Dr iwan Notes)

August 15

a)Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.

b) in this day Rosihan anwar,senior reporter, by Skymaster airoplane depature from Jakarta and arriev schipol airport in august 17th 1949.

c)postally used cover from batavia centrum with ovpt Indonesia stamps to semarang

August,17th,1949.

In this day the Indonesia KMB delegation arrive schipol airpot and staright to Kurhaus. Prime menister Moh Hatta made anniversary of Indonesia Independece Proclamation reseption, at the reseption Rosihan anwar seen Sultan hamid from pomntianak, Anak Agung Gde Agung ZPrime menister of NIT(negara Indonesia Timur) they were the BFO leader,also Dutch employeed.

August,19th.1949

the official free stamps cover from Resident Ommelanden batavia Meestercornelis(jatinegara) to Batavia centrum(Jakarta pusat),rare postally used cover from jambi,because  Jambi still fight with Dutch army until june 1949.

August 23 th.1949

1)Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.

2)Postal Used cover send from Bangkalan CDS 23.8.49 to Sorabaia CDS  24.8.49 (rare cover send during KMB Round Table conference.)

3) Special Post Mark Ronde Tafel conference s’gravenhage 1949 send from s’grafeluke zaal 23.8.49 to Althier.

4)Bagaimana jalannya KMB? Tiga delegasi yang berunding Belanda,Republik Indonesia,Golongan Federal yang dihimpun dalam Bijzonder Fedral Overleg(BFO) .Dalam praktik Republik dan BFO menyatu bila menghadapi Belanda, beberapa Komisi dibentuk :Komisi politik :  disana Bung Hatta domina, Ekonomi ,disana DR Sumitro Djojohadikusumo menyangkal kebenaran angka-angka utang yang diajukan Belanda, Komisi Pertahanan,dimana Republik diwakili oleh DR J.Leimena dan Kolonel TB Simatupang serta Komisi Kebudayaan dima Mr ali Sastroamijoyo berperan.

Hasil KMB, Belanda tidak bersedia menyerahkan Papua (Irian) Barat  kepada Republik Indonesia Seikat.Penyelesaiaannya ditangguhkan untuk masas satu tahun , RIS harus mengoper hutang Belanda yang telah dibuatnya dalm memrangi NRI 4.100 Juta Gulden,sedangkan menurut hitungan Sumitro justru Belanda yang berutang kepada Indonesia 500 juta gulden.di bidang pertahanan  Belanda mau membikin tentara KNIL sebagai intisari tentara RIS, ini ditolak dengan tegas oleh Leimena dan TB Simatupang akhirnya Belanda setuju TNI kekuatan pokok tentara RIS.Belanda tetap tidak mau mengakui proklamasi 17 Agustus 1945 oleh Sukarno-Hatta, Belanda hanya mengakui penyerahan kedaulatan tanggal 27 Desember 1949 sebagai bermulanya negara merdeka berdaulat berbentuk Federal yaitu RIS.

August,20th.1949

The Advocate cover send registered  from  Pontianak  to same  city Potianak with wilhelmina stamp,overprint indonesia and smelt numeric stamp rate 35 sen . this time Pontianak as the Dewan Kalimantan Barat State,lead by Sultan Hamid II.

 

9.September

Sept.5th.1949

September,5th,1949

September, 5th, 1949

On the 5th of September 1949 talks held in Bangko diruangan Regents Office, the delegation of the Local Joint Committee escorted the heavily armed military section with a red and white flag.

Negotiations went lancer with the results as follows:

1. The concentration of military forces

a. Troops belonging to the battalion “Gatot Kaca” gathered at the Port Merlung and Trade, as a liaison officer Lieutenant Junior ditnjuk A. Hadi

b. Troops belonging to the Battalion “Cindur Mato” gathered in Rantau Ikil and Land Grows, as Liaison Officer was appointed Second Lieutenant M. Nawawi.

c. Troops belonging to the Battalion “Gajah Mada” gathered at the Bangko as Liaison Officer was appointed Lieutenant Suhaimi.

2. Pemberitahun

a. Notification to the concentration and position in the cease-fire Battalion Commander Sub territory handed over to Edinburgh via couriers.

b. All will be summoned to the Battalion Commander Tembesi Estuary and will be given instructions by Major Brori Mansyur Local Joint Committee as Members of Indonesia Jambi area.

c. Prior to October 10, 1949, the Dutch Army had to be withdrawn from towns outside the city of Edinburgh, and was replaced by TNI troops.

d. Dutch assistance was sought in the transfer of members of the TNI from the pockets of concentration Guerrilla place.

e. Wasted Ayang troops will occupy the Muara Tebo.

f. Forces BT, BB, CPM Team, Police Squad’s time to move to the Air samapai thunder where Dutch troops will leave the Muara Bungo so that these forces immediately occupied the Muara Bungo.

g. Regarding Troops Battalion Gatot Kaca, Major Brori Mansyur held the first talks between the envoys battalion Gatot Kaca Captain (N) Soerjono with leaders of the Dutch Army Detachment, Kuala Tungkal tensions. Major Brori Mansyur accompanied by Major Z. Rivai directly intervened to negotiate with Chief of Staff Captain Wolterbeck Regiment in the Trenches Deli Dutch Kuala Tungkal.

After a full explanation is given, then the TNI in Kuala Tungkal willing to concentrate on Tungkal Ulu, namely TNI CPM Squad led by Sergeant Major A. Murad Alwi, Navy forces under the command of Sergeant Major T. Arwansyah, while the police led by Inspector Mahyuddin remain in Kuala Tungkal

September,8th,1949

Departemen van Gezonheid(Health) roundschrijfen(round letter) about the International certificate of Pooken(cacar or variolla) vaccinatie(vactination). send to all health office in Indonesia federal state send b y the secratary of Healt department Dr G.Sieburg:

1.Inspectuer v.gezonheid Oost-java Suarbaya, Batavia,Semarang,Padang and sabang.

2.Residentie artsen(Medical doctor) banjarmasin,Samarinda,pontianak,Pangkalpinang,and tanjungpinang.

3.Menistry of Healt Negara te Pasoendan(Pasundan state)(the menistry was my friend father Dr Kornel singawinata,look his picture in December ,27th.1949).

3.Health and Social departemen of Negara Sumatera Selatan.Palembang.(Osut sumatra State)

4. Menistry of heakt Negara Indonesia Timur NIT(east Indonesia State) at Makasssar.

5. menistry of Healt Negara sumatra timur(East sumatra State) at Medan

6, the chief of Health departement at batavia

7.Directir of Pasteur Insttitue at bandung

8. The Seaport Medical doctor at Tandjoeng Priok,Soerabaja,Semarang,Makasa,belawan.

with the variolla certicate form.

10.October

October,20th.1949

The postally used cover from Amboina to Batavia with building stamps

Connecting to 1949 recognition by Dutch, the reactions in the field was not always easy for the new Republic of Indonesia. One of them was insurgency from  some ex-Dutch formed army, KNIL (Koninklijk Nederland-Indisch Leger, The Dutch East Indies Army). Many KNIL members were from Eastern people from Sulawesi and Moluccas that generally had closer relationships with Dutch because their more privileges in economy, politics and education during the Dutch colonialism due to their faith, mixed blood and became closely similar habits. Knowing that the new formed Republic of Indonesia would reduce their status than they had before, the insurgency begun by some ex-KNIL members and eastern politician leaders. That ex-KNIL and eastern politician leaders rebel became serious threat to central government in Jakarta with the movement called RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan; Republic of the South Moluccas).

During the eradicating of the RMS immunity, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and Colonel Alexander Evert Kawilarang who in the front line commanding the troops were inspired and amazed by effectiveness and combat ability (especially in men’s sniping) of ex-KNIL members that also helped by KST (Korps Speciale Troepen) during insurgency. They then inspired to build a similar force for Indonesia. However, at that time, neither of the Indonesian commandants had any experience or skill in special operations. (However, Lieutenant Colonel Slamet Riyadi would not see his dream realized due to his death in a battle against the troops of the RMS).

Not long after, with the use of military intelligence, Colonel Kawilarang located and met with Captain Major Rokus Bernardus Visser – a former member of the Dutch Special Forces who had remained in independent Indonesia, settled in West Java, married an Indonesian woman, and was known locally as Mohamad Idjon Djanbi. He was the first recruit for the Indonesian special forces, as well as its first commandant. He later re-positioned to become Major after his request to be at least one rank higher than any his trainee. Due to him, the unit adopted a Red Beret similar to that of the Dutch Special Forces, which is still in use by the present Kopassus.

Ambon 1950

Col. A. E. Kawilarang, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and staffs arrived in Ambon, 1950

Brig. Gen Slamet Riyadi Col. A.E. Kawilarang 1_4d06e516bb4d542b35ae28b87fabfb6b

Brig. Gen. Slamet Riyadi & Col. Kawilarang & Maj. M. Idjon Djanbi

October,22th.1949

(1) the Death certifiacte of chinese oversead ,who pass away in poor (dalam keadaan miskin) n the Krangan evacuation cap semarang, legaluized by pengurus pengungsi Tionghoa semarang(Semarang tionghoa refuugee administrator)

11.November

November 2

The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.

Nov.29th,1949

The rare posatlly used change of adress 2 sen dacer stationer card send from Palembang to malang,one stamp (1 sen) off.

12.December 1949

December,13th.1949

The unique letter sheet(postblad warkatpos) postal stationer smelt 10 sen send from  Bukittinggi to Mr Soewil the chief of Emma Haven Post Office(Teluk Bayur), with interesting letter :

Tanggal 7 desember 1949, kota bukittingi sudah dipulihkan pada Republiken(orang republik) . Drang-barang saya yang ditinggalkan di pedalaman sudah dijemput kembali  oleh isteri saya diantaranya prangko simpanan saya yang dikumpulkan tahun 1942 dan seterusnya sudah distempel(dicap). Karena saudara ada di Emma Haven(pelabuhan Teluk Bayur ) , apakah ada orang Euro yang menanyakan(membeli) prangko tersebut, sekiranya ada (mungkin) ada yang senang (menyukakannya) boleh saya kirimkan pada saudara, hasilnya 1/3 buat saudara  dan 2/3 buat saya, atau ka;lau mungkin tukarkan dengan kain untuk pantalon(celana) jadi juga. Maklumlah dari prangko yang sudah dioverdruk(cetak tindih) bermacam-macam selama pendudukan Jepang dari 1 c sampai 1,2, dan 5 gulden. Prangko pendudukan jepang  yang dibikin(dibuat)  indonesia , prangko Jepang yang dipakai di Indonesia,serta prangko republik 1c,2c,21/2c,3c,5c,10c,15c,30c,40c,50c,rp.1,rp.2.rp.3,50(sukarno)  seluruhnya belum dicap(distempel). Selain itu prangko tersebut diatas ada 100 buah prangko yang berasal dari euro lama yaitu Bayern,belgia,Bosnia-Germany-Findland-Franch,Swiss,Nederland dan Russia bermacam-macam rupa(bentuk) dan belum pernah dicap(stempel) dan adapula yang sudah dicap. Berilah kabar (kepada) saya dengan lekas(cepat0 ,supaya lekas pulah dikirimkan. Demikianlah supaya saudara maklum,salam saya Djamoen.

PS. hal ini jangan diberi tahukan hendaknya (kepada) kawan-kawan(teman) kita, malu kita !!!!

english translate:

On 7 December 1949, the city has been restored bukittingi the Republicans (the republic). Drang my things left in the interior has been picked up again by my wife whom I collected stamps deposits in 1942 and beyond has been stamped (branded). Because you are in Emma Haven (Bay harbor Bayur), is there anyone who asks Euro (bought) such stamps, if there is (probably) there is a happy (menyukakannya) May I send it to brothers, the result is 1 / 3 for the brothers and 2 / 3 for me, or ka; lau may change with the cloth for trousers (pants) so well. It’s known from stamps that have been dioverdruk (print overlapping) vary during the Japanese occupation from 1 c to 1.2, and 5 guilders. Japanese occupation stamps are made ​​(made) Indonesian, Japanese stamps used in Indonesia, as well as stamps of the republic 1c, 2c, 21/2c, 3c, 5c, 10c, 15c, 30c, 40c, 50c, Rp.1, Rp.2. Rp.3, 50 (Sukarno) has not been entirely stamped (stamped). Besides the above there are 100 postage stamps fruit that comes from the old euro namely Bavaria, Belgium, Bosnia-Germany-Findland-Franch, Switzerland, Netherlands, Russia and many kinds of creatures (form) and have not been stamped (stamp) and those that are already stamped. Give the news (to) me with a quick (cepat0 so quickly pulah sent. So that you understand, my greetings Djamoen.

PS. This should not be announcing should (to) my friends (friends) we, ashamed of us!!

 

December,17th.1949

The rare postally used change of adress 2 cwnt dancer stationer card add smelt 1 sen stamps (rare 3 sen) send from  from surabaya in city.

December 19th.1949

Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.

December 27th.1949

Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).

December 28

Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.

1. 27 Desember 1949

1)Upacara Serah terima tanggung jawab Pemerintah dari Pemerintah Belanda diwakili Dr HJ Lovink  kepada Indonesia diwakili  oleh Menteri Pertahanan Hemangkubuwono,Menteri Negara Mr Roem,Menteri Dalam Negeri Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung dan Menteri Sosial Mr Kosasih Purwanegera dan  Pemerintah Belanda mengakui Kedaulatan  RI.

Ceremonial handover of responsibility from the Government of the Netherlands Government was represented Dr. HJ Lovink to Indonesia was represented by Minister of Defense Hemangkubuwono, Minister of State Mr. Roem, Minister of the Interior Ideas Anak Agung Gde Agung and Social Services Minister Mr Kosasih Purwanegera and the Dutch Government recognizes sovereignty of Indonesia

(1) foto penandatanganan protokol serah terima tanggung jawab pemerintahan yang mewakili Republik Indonesia serikat Sultan Hemangku Buwono IX (Menteri Pertahanan) dan disebealh kirinya peguasa Belanda AHJ Lovink di Istana Merdeka(sebelumnya istana Rijswijk)

photo signing protocol handover of responsibility of government representing the Republic of Indonesia union Hemangku Lane IX Sultan (Defense Minister) and his left Dutch Crown representing  AHJ Lovink at Merdeka Palace (formerly the palace Rijswijk

(2) foto pidato Wakil Tinggi Mahkota Belanda Dr H.J.Lovink setelah penanda tanganan serah terima  pemerintahan dan pengakuan kedaulan RI di Istana Merdeka.

High Representative’s speech photos Dutch Crown Dr HJLovink after the signing of the handover of government and recognition kedaulan RI at Merdeka Palace

(3)Setelah penandatanganan serah terima dari Pemerinath Belanda kepad RI dan pengakuan kedaulatan RI, dilangsungkan upacara penurunan bendera Belanda merah putih biru dan penaikan bendera Republik Indonesia serikat Merah Putih dihalaman Istana Merdeka Jakarta .

After the signing of the handover of the Dutch goverment to  RI and recognition of the sovereignty of Indonesia, held a ceremony decline Dutch flag red white and blue union flag-raising Red and White Republic of Indonesia Istana Merdeka Jakarta yard

(a) foto penurunan bendera belanda(Dutch Flag decline picture)

(b) foto penaikan bendera RI(RI flag raising pictures)

(c) Penghormatan upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera oleh Sultan Hemangku Buwono IX

Respect for flag-raising ceremony and a decrease by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX

(d)Penghormatan bendera pada upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera oleh ispektur upacara  oleh Kapten AD Poniman (pernah menjadi Panglima Siliwangi dan terakhir Jendral,Menteri Pertahan dan keamanan RI, saya pernah main tennis dengan beliau saat ia menjadi panglima Komando Daerah Militer 17 agustus  Sumatera barat tahun 1959- Catatan Dr Iwan ),pasukan tiga peleton dengan komandannya Letnan G.H. Mantik.

Respect for the flag on the flag-raising ceremony and a decrease by ispektur ceremony by Captain AD Poniman (last-General, Minister defend  and security of RI, I never played tennis with him when he became commander of the Military Regional Command West Sumatra August 17, 1959 – Note Dr. Iwan), with three army peleton ,chief letnan GH Mantik.

(e) Foto Rakyat Jakarta yang menyaksikan upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera

Photo of Jakarta People who witnessed the decline and the flag-raising ceremony

2) Sampul Peringatan  Pengakuan kedaulatan Republik Indonesia Serikat (Republik Indonesia sovereign State) dengan  mengunakan sampul stasioner hinda belanda  ratu Wilhelmina  12 1/2 sen dengan cetak tindih  sepuluh sen, stempel pos CDS batavia  21.12.49

Warning cover of recognition of Indonesian sovereignty States (the Republic of Indonesia sovereign STAE) by using the cover of Dutch queen Wilhelmina stationary hinda 12 1 / 2 cents to ten cents a print overlap, CDS postmark batavia 21:12:49

3) Sampul peringatan pengakuan kedaulatan   RIS 27 Dec 1949 dengan prangko seri bangunan 45 sen dan 50 sen  dengan stempel pos 27.12.49 dikirim kepada Mr Clyde J.Sarzin USA(mungkin  sampul ini CTO, ditemukan oleh Dr iwan Suwandy  di Bangkok tahun 1994). New Information related to Mr Clyde J .Sarzin from my friend Mr Hartkamp ,please read below:

.
Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin (21-05-1915 / 23-11-1987) was a well known stamp dealer!
 
 

 
 
 

Maybe you find it interesting to know that the cover underneath is certainly CTO.
Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin (21-05-1915 / 23-11-1987) was a well known stamp dealer!
 
 

 
 
 
An other answer:
 

 
 
The cancelation on this cover is only partly visible.
 
The complete text:
 
VERMELD OP UW
POSTSTUKKEN
NAAM en ADRES
AFZENDER
 
This cancellation is used in ‘s-Gravenhage in the years 1947 to 1951. In Holland a lot of firms changed their names and crossed out the name of Netherlands Indie after 27-12-1949.
Because the written information on this card concerns the payment of a contribution for the subscription of the New Year I suppose that this cancellation is of the beginning of 1950. After a while the firms changed the imprints of their printed matter, so it is not likely that the cancelation is of beginning of 1951.
 

The cover of the recognition of sovereignty warning RIS Dec. 27, 1949 with 45 cents postage stamp series buildings and 50 cents with a postmark 27/12/49 sent to Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin USA (maybe the cover is CTO, invented by Dr. Iwan Suwandy in Bangkok in 1994)

4)Kementerian Penerangan mengumumkan,bahwa sejak penyerahan kedaulatan,maka Ibukota RIS ialah Djakarta( ejaan baru Jakarta).

Ministry of Information announced that since the handover of sovereignty, the capital city of  RIS is Djakarta (new spelling Jakarta

5) Pada hari ini juga dilaksanakan beberapa serah terima aset negara,sayang informasinya belum ditemukan. Hanya ada satu foto dari keluarga besar almarhum Osman Singawinata, berupa foto serah terima aset kesehatan dari pihak Belanda kepada pihak Indonesia diwakili oleh Let.Kol. TNI AU Dr Kornel Singawinata,ayah alm Oesman Singawinata, ex menteri kesehatan negara Federal Pasundan disaksikan oleh Bung Karno . Terima kasih atas perkenannya untuk menampilkan gambar yang bersejarah ini kepada isteri bapak Oesman Singawinata(Bu Retno),Disamping itu juga ada foto KOrnel Singawinata dengan Sultan Hemangkubuwono IX.

On this day also held several handover of state assets, unfortunately the information has not been found. There is only one photo of a large family of the late Osman Singawinata, a picture of health asset handover of the Dutch to the Indonesian side was represented by Dr. Kornel Singawinata, Osman Singawinata late father, former state health minister of the Federal Pasundan witnessed by Bung Karno. Thank you for your good pleasure to display these historic images to the wife of in memoriam Mr. Oesman Singawinata( Mrs Retno), beside that also the picture of Kornel singawinata with Sultan Hemangkubuwono IX

6)Undang Undang Darurat N0.1 Tahun 1949  ditetapkan di Jogjakarta pada tanggal 27 Desember 1949  tentang akan diumumkannya undang-undang federal melalui Radio  dan penyiaran dalam surat kabar harian,ditanda tanganni oleh Presiden Repulbik Indonesia serikat sukarno, Menteri Pertahanan Hemangku Buwono  IX dan Acting Menteri Kehakiman Muhammad Rum .

N0.1 Emergency Act 1949 set out in Jogjakarta on 27 December 1949 concerning the publication of legislation going through the federal Radio and broadcasting in a daily newspaper, signed by President tanganni union Repulbik Indonesia Sukarno, Defense Minister Hemangku Buwono IX and Acting Minister of Justice Muhammad Rum.

2.December.20th, 1949

Menurut informasi yang belum dapat dibuktikan, di Kantor Pos Pusat Jogyakarta di jual prangko cetak wina muali dari tanggal 15 Desember 1949, dan dinyatakan  dapat digunakan sampai tanggal 1 agustus 1950, dan prangko cetak Wina UPU juga dijual  kantor pos Jogyakarta  mulai 1 december 1949 sampai  1 Maret 1950 dan dinyatakan berlaku sampai 1 juli 1950. (sampai saat ini belum pernah ditemukan prangko in9i digunakan diatas sampul dengan stempel pos yang asli, banyak koleksi CTO yang plasu beredar, baca artikel misteri prangko cetak wina di web blog ini hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com dan juga di blog lain hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com)

Prangko cetak wina edisi pertama dengan ejaan lama Repoeblik,dipesan oleh PTT NRI yang waktu itu dipimpin oleh Mas Suharto, prangko ini tak sempat dipergunakan karena Class kedua 8-20 Desember 1948, january 1949 Mas Suharto dijemput tentara NICA yang kemudian hilang dan jazadnya tidak diketemukan, lihat foto profil  almarhum  dan foto keluarga.

Prangko cetak wina dengan ejaan baru Republik dipesan oleh pimpinan PTT NRI 1949-1951 R.Soekardan,juga mngalama hal yang sama ,prangko di terima 12 Desember 1949 ,sebelum penyerahan kedaulan dari Belanda dan NRI jadi bagian dari RIS  sehingga perako republik Indonesia certak wina dari percetakan USA juga tak daat diedarkan, bersamaan dengan cetak tindih RIS diatas seluruh prangko Indonesia, yang mulai diedarkan April 1950 ternyata cetak wina terlambat lagi sehingga tak sempat diedarkan terburu  RIS diganti dengan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, demikianlah nasih prangko cetak wina yang cukup tragis itu,lihatlah fot profil R.Soekardan dibawah ini :

According to information that has not been proven, at the Central Post Office on the sale of stamps printed Jogyakarta Vienna halted from December 15, 1949, and could otherwise be used until the 1st of August 1950, and print prango Vienna UPU also sold at post offices Jogyakarta from 1 december 1949 to 1 March 1950 and declared valid until 1 July 1950. more info from my friend Mr Hartkamp

Dear Mr Suwandy,
 
How ever I have seen hundreds of canceled envelopes  (more as thousand) and thousands of cancelled Vienna printing stamps, I have never seen a real cancellation before 13 December 1949.
 
After this date I have several envelopes and stamps with are officially used, mostly CTO, but sometimes it seems to be officially used.
 
I have a document (Surat pernjataan) of the P.T.T. witch proves that on 13 Desember these Vienna printings are received at the head office of Jogjakarta.
 
Underneath a part of the text of this document.
 
I do not know what the ‘PR’ and the ‘t.l.n.’ means in: No. 3 / PR / t.l.n. , do you know?
 
 
No. 3 / Pr / t.l.n. Surat pernjataan.——————–( Proces verbal ).-  1.      Pada hari ini tanggal 13 Desember 1949, oleh kami jang bertan-da tangan dibawah ini, Moedjiman komis dan Sahoewin klerk, jang ditundjukoleh dd. (dienstdoende) Kepala Seksi Urusan Uang Anak Seksi IV dalam R VI hoofdstuk VI ma-
sih disebut: Beheerder der Post & Zegelwaarden dari Djawatan P.T.T. (Pos, Telegrap dan
Telepon) Republik Indonesia di Jogjakarta, untuk menerima dan membuka 3 (tiga) bungkusan bersegel dalam keadaan baik dengan perantaraan Sekretariaat kantor Kementeriean Luar Negeri Jogjakarta. Alamat jang tertempel pada salah satu bungkusan ditudjukan pada: “ Republic of Indonesia Office 30 Raffles. PlaceSinggapore / Malayu ” dan alamat jang tertulis dengan potolot merah: “ Stamp    ToRepublic of Indonesia Jogjakarta ”. Setelah bungkusan² tsb. (tersebut) kami buka terdapat 17 ( tudju belas ) buah paket semua tertutup rapih dengan lim pelekat.
Isinja kami periksa dan hitung dihadapan Tuan R. (Raden) Soehardjo Komis dan selaku saksi, jang ikut bertanda tangan dibawah ini, terdapat, bahwa isi² itu————— terdiri dari perangko² tjetakan: “ Staatsdruckerei WienIII di New York dan E.A. Wright Banknote Company of Philadelhia U.S.A. sbb. (sebagai berikat):

(until now has never been found in9i stamps used on the cover with the postmark of the original, many of which plasu outstanding collection CTO, read articles Vienna mystery print stamps on this blog website hhtp: / / http://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com and also on the blog other hhtp: / / http://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com)

3.December ,24th.1949

Presiden RIS Bung Karno tiba di jakarta dari Jogya

RIS President Sukarno arrived in Jakarta from Yogyakarta

(a)  foto prsedien RIS Bung Karno dan isteri Bu Fatmawati  serta  putranya Guntur  di lapangan terbang  Maguwo Jogya (saat ini Adisucipto) saat akan berangkat ke Jakarta  diantar oleh president NRI Mr Asaat (dibelakang) dan  Letkol Suharto (terakhir presiden Ri,almarhum)  sebagai komandan  WK IIII Jogyakarta.

photograph prsedien RIS Bu Bung Karno and Fatmawati wife and son at the airport Maguwo Guntur Yogyakarta (currently Adisucipto) when leaving for Jakarta escorted by Mr. Asaat NRI president (behind) and Lt. Col. Suharto (the last president of the Ri, deceased) as iiii WK commander of Yogyakarta.

(b) Foto presiden RIS Bung Karno kembali tiba di Jakarta ,didepan lapangan terbang Kemayoran(saat ini kompleks Pekan Raya Jakarta)

Photo of Bung Karno RIS president arrived back in Jakarta, Kemayoran airport in front of (the current complex Jakarta Fair)

(c) Foto Perpisahan wakil Presiden Moh Hatta dengan Rakyat Djokja,Mr Asaad sedang mengucapkan selamat jalan kepada beliau.

the picture of farawel party with Djogja people with vice presiden RIS Moh.Hatta, Mr Asaad say goodbey to him.

4.December,23th.1949

The RIS PTT Bukittinggi announcement about the Telephone fee tarief,with legalizied  the chief of Telefon office Republic Indonesia(RI)

4a.December,29th.1949

1)Sampul postal history yang dikirim dari Tanjung Pandan Belitung CDS 29.12.1949 ke Padang  ,mengunakan prangko ratu Wihelmina 10 sen dan 17 1/2 sen dan cetak tindih Indonesia  pada prangko  Wilhelmina 15 sen, (koleksi ini sangat langka karena merupakan pemakaian terakhir prangko Hindia Belanda setelah pengakuan Kedaulatan RI saat RIS, siapa yang menemukan pemakaian prangko sejenis setelah tanggal ini harap berkenan memberikan informasi liwat comment,terima kasih dari Dr Iwan suwandy)

The cover postal history sent from Tanjung Pandan Belitung CDS 29.12.1949 to Padang, using stamps queen Wihelmina 10 cents and 17 1 / 2 cents, and print on overlapping Indonesia Wilhelmina stamps 15 cents, (this collection is very rare because it is the last use of the Dutch East Indies stamps after the recognition of sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia as RIS, who discovered the use of similar stamps after  this date please deign to give information through the following comment, thank you from Dr. Iwan suwandy)

2) Post Telegraaf en Telefoodienst (PTT) advies van betaligen bewijs ,post rekening van de pandhuis dienst ,ter uitbetaling door het kantoor der posterijen te Tarutung 2000 gld in cijfers , aan de beheerder van het panduis te Tarutung , 29 December.otherside voor de comntrol van ommestaande hantekening postastamped Taroetone CDS 29.12.50, recived CDS Siboga 12.7.1951

Tanda Penerimaaan Pos Telegraph dan Telefoodienst (PTT) , pasca bayar dengan layanan pegadaian untuk pembayaran oleh kantor Kantor Pos pada tahun 2000 GLD Tarutung dalam angka, manajer dari Jawatan Pengadaian untuk Tarutung, 29 December. pada lembaran dibaliknya berupa kontrol  dari contah tanda tangan dengan stempel pos  Taroetoeng 29.12.50 CDS, CDS diterima  Siboga 1951/07/12(Hal ini karena terputusnya hubungan antara Tarutung  ke Sibolga akibat dihadang oleh pasukan Mayor Bedjo dari tentara NRI, mayor B edjo yang buta huruf ini sangat legendarais dan dijadikan tema film Indonesia Nagabonar -catatan Dr Iwan )

Postal Telegraph and Telefoodienst (PTT) betaligenbewijs advice, postal service on behalf of the pawnshop, for payment by the office of the Post Office in 2000 gld Tarutung in figures, the manager of the panduis to Tarutung, 29 December.otherside for comntrol of handsigned ,postastamped Taroetoeng   29.12.50 CDS, CDS recived Siboga 12/07/1951(very late amost one years because the transportation by road from Tarutung to Sibolga were broken due to Mayor Bedjo ,NRI local Tapanuli Army stop and cutting the line,the legend Mayor Bedjo cuoldnnot read and writting, he beacame the base of the Film Story, Nagabonar-Dr Iwan Note)

Perjuangan Kuala Tungkal Jambi

Sesudah tanggal 29 Desember 1949 dengan berhasilnya KMB dan sekaligus penyerahan Kedaulatan Republik Indonesia, pasukan Front Tungkal Area yang dipimpin oleh Letnan Muda A. Fattah Leside mendarat di Kota Kuala Tungkal mengambil alih tanggungjawab terhadap Koata Kuala Tungkal yang ditinggalkan Belanda. Dalam suatu upacara penaikan bendera merah putih di Lapangan Sepak Bola yang saat ini menjadi Terminal Kota. Bertindak selaku Inspektur Upacara Act. Kolonel Abunjani KOmandan STD/Garuda Putih Anggota Joint Committee yang sengaja dating dari Jambi. Selesai upacara diadakan do’a syukuran dan makan bersama yang diselenggarakan oleh Kepala Warga India di Kuala Tungkal Muhiddin.

Pemboman bekas markas pertahanan Tentara RI Bataliyon Gatot Kaca pimpinan Mayor Z. Riva’i oleh Belanda di Merlung. (LUKISAN)

Demikianlah riwayat perjuaangan ini dibuat untuk dapat diketahui oleh generasi penerus yang akan meneruskan perjuangan bangsa. Sengaja riwayat perjuangan Barisan Selempang Merah dan TNI-AD, TNI-AL, dan TNI-AU, serta rakyat dan POLRI ini dibuat untuk kenang-kenangan bagi yang tinggal, kalau nanti para pelaku perjuangan sudah tidak ada lagi di bumi persada ini.

Riwayat perjuangan ini disadur dari catatan Sdr. Madhan. AR (mantan Wkl. Komandan Pertempuran Sektor 1023 Front Tungkal Area), catatan Patih Masdar selaku Camat Tungkal Ilir dan dari beberapa para pejuang yang masih hidup.

5.December,31th.1949

1)Hari ini adalah hari terakhir pengumpulan pasukan Tentara Nasional Indonesia Divisi Siliwangi ( Jawa Barat) berdasarkan surat perintah  Divisi Siliwangi no 162/49  tanggal  10.12.1949 ,ditanda tangani oleh staf  kwartier Panglima  Divisi IV Siliwangi Kolonel  Sadikin, lihat fotkopi surat tersebut dibawah ini:

Today is the last day of the collection of the Indonesian National Army troops Siliwangi Division (West Java) based on a warrant Siliwangi Division No. 162/49 dated 10.12.1949, signed by the staff of Commander of Division IV kwartier Siliwangi Colonel Sadikin, fotkopi see the letter below

 foto tentara nasional Indonesia diatas truk saat kembali ke Ibukota RI Jakarta serta foto Tentara Nasional Indonesia setelah tiba di Ibukota Jakarta.

Indonesia photo above the national army trucks returning to the capital of Indonesia Jakarta and the Indonesian National Army photo after arriving in the capital Jakart

2)Postal used  home made postcard send from Malang to RVD selling and art division  at Jakarta with smelt numeric diffinitive  stamps 2 and 3 sen without RIS overprint , CDS Malang 31.12.49,the letter asking free magazine”Natura” in Indonesian Language.

3) Official free stamp homemade cover sent from  Semarang CDS 31.12.49 to Djogja cds 9.1.50, handwritten back(kembali) return to sender with note soedah pindah roemah ke Jakarta(have house moved to Jakarta)

5.The Unique Postal History From Dutch in 1949(date not clear)

Kartu Pos dari KIVTLV(Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Taal Land en Volkunde Den Haag ) yang telah mencoret Van Ned. Indie (dari Hindia Belanda)  sehingga mereka sudah mengakui kedaulatann RI dan Hindia Belanda sudah berakhir , dikirimkan kepada L.Ch.Damais Amsterdam untuk membayar kontribusi F.15.- sebagai anggota institue tersebut.(Kartu Pos ini sangat bersejarah karena badan yang terhormat ini dari newgeri Belanda telah mengakui kedaulatan Republik Indonesia,sayang tanggal pengirman tidak jelas karena  karena distempel sistem roller. Apabila kolektor memiliki koleksi sejenis harap memberikan informasi liwat komentar,terima kasih dari Dr Iwan Suwandy)

Postcards from KIVTLV (Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Taal Land en Volkunde Hague) which has been crossed out Ned Van. Indie (from the Dutch East Indies), so they had to admit kedaulatan Affairs and the Dutch East Indies was over, sent to Amsterdam to pay a contribution L.Ch.Damais F.15 .- as a member of the Institute. (Postcards of this very historic because this honorable body of  Netherlands State has recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia, unfortunately the sender  date is not clear because as stamped roller system. If the collector has a similar collection please provide the information through the following comments, thanks from Dr. Iwan Suwandy)My Friend Mr Hartkamp send an informations related to the postal history above:

The cancelation on this cover is only partly visible.
 
The complete text:
 
VERMELD OP UW
POSTSTUKKEN
NAAM en ADRES
AFZENDER
 
This cancellation is used in ‘s-Gravenhage in the years 1947 to 1951. In Holland a lot of firms changed their names and crossed out the name of Netherlands Indie after 27-12-1949.
Because the written information on this card concerns the payment of a contribution for the subscription of the New Year I suppose that this cancellation is of the beginning of 1950. After a while the firms changed the imprints of their printed matter, so it is not likely that the cancelation is of beginning of 1951.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War’s Postal and Document History Collections Part IV 1948

Charles_Breijer_Indonesia_1948a

    • Pro-Indonesian slogan on a wall in Yogyakarta 1948

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part IV 1948

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Perjuangan NRI Jambi kuala tungkal

PERIOD OF 1948

A. Dutch navy Tungkal Often Go Into River While Doing shooting

On June 4, 1948, Patrol Boats / Speed ​​Boat Navy Tungkal Dutch entered the river, shooting at the port and the boarding of the TNI in the way of prosperity, contact this gun running dive 1 (one) hour. In this battle we killed a Navy named Private AL. A. Mana. Viewing from the harbor shore land army / navy and army reserve to fight a very persistent, Patrol Boats Dutch retreated to open sea.

On July 20, 1948, the Dutch warship reentered Tungkal river, from the sea is warship firing kepertahanan Army / Army and the Army / Navy (judging by the defense now Army / Army and the Army / Navy Ancol Beach in coastal areas). In the battle this fall on the Army / Army Private A. Kadir Shawwal and in the army / navy Private Basri Sete, for 2 (two) hours Trenches coastal regions III to Household of King Ulu trench I continue bombarded by cannon fire and mortar and other automatic weapons.

 

Java&Madoera 1946 ZBL 43A Proof Double+Mirror Print

the Djokjakarta  Set stamp,80 cent borobudur stupa design, mirror image stamp. All value (60 cent  RI flag and 80 cent- borobudur stupa) exist in several slightly different colour shade. the postally used 50 cent  found in june,15th ,1947 cds Jakarta and the 80 cent in 11.7.47 cds Djakarta.

the extreme  rare (RRRRR)  on money orde fragment of Middle Sumatra Local Repoeblic Indonesia stamp, machinal type Rep.Indonesia ,used cds bagan siapi-api, only two exist, one in Den Haag musem Mr Ricardo Collection off cover blocktwo stamps, an this Dr Iwan collections.

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Showcase:

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part IV in 1948

Dr iwan picture in 1948(3 years old) at Kali Ketjil behind Tanah Kongsi market Padang city west sumatra,(1) alone (2) with Mother Diana lanny and brother Edhie,sister Elina and Erlita this pictures had  taken by his father Djohan oetama,have given to grandpa Gho Kim thian, after the war Dr iwan found this pictures in the cupboard and keep until now.

1.January

ILLUSTRATION OF THE MEETING AT HOTEL DES iNDES JAKARTA BETWEEN REPOEBLIK iNDONESIA AND DUTCH DELEGATION UNDER KTN SUPERVISION.

  ILLUSTRATION OF HAJI AGUS SALIM AND WIFE JOINED THE RESEPTION AT HOTEL DES INDES JAKARTA

January,2nd.1948

Quotations (excerpt) Resident Assessment NRI West Sumatra

Bukittinggi 2 January 1948

Resident OUR WEST SUMATRA

Considering that the necessary renewal of the appointment of permanent purveyor of State revenues that are in a financial environment and the residency of western Sumatra, Given Bb 10 843

SETTING While repeal regulations that conflict with this ketapan, depositor is required on the list attached herewith, to deposit the reception environment of the West Sumatran residency to the State Treasury (helper).

A copy of this ordinance be sent to:

(1) PT (Excellency Mr.) State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in London. (2) PT Sumatera Province Governor in the United Kingdom (3) PT Sumatera Province Chief Financial Officer at Bukit Tinggi (4) PT Head Office of State Finance settlement Sumatra Province (5) PT Head of Audit General of West Sumatra Province (6) PT Head Office of State Finance Sumatra settlement in New York City (7) PT Head Office Finance Department Resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra (8) PT Supervisor PTTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi (9) Supervisory PTT PT Sumatera center in New York City (10) PTT Head Post Office in London (11) Head Post Office in Pajakumbuh (12) PT Head Post Office in Padang Pandjang (13) PT Head of the State Treasury in London (14) PT Chief Officer of West Sumatra to be understood and passage to those declared to be known and in Pedomani.

Same sound with the list above

Head Office of the State Money Calculation

Signed by (DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

LIST OF APPENDICES BESLIT resident of West Sumatra 1948 NO DATE 2 NAURI BT/XII/2/10

(1) purveyor: Gripir District Court in New York City

(2) Type the paid-up: Reception following provisions (beslit) etc.

(3) Time to deposit: No later than the 10th of each month cash deposit: Bukittinggi

This quote is used sent without postage stamps from the stamp Duty-Free Service department Affairs Office of the affairs of state resident Calculation Money WEST SUMATRA (round stamp), there is no stamp Postage, possibly delivered by a courier. (Collection of rare, important to history because of the financial system known residency Sumatra Sumatran province west and residing in London as well as the head post office that oversees all areas of the republic in western suamtera Bukittinggi, Pajakumbuh and field length, while the post office in Padang in accordance with agreements under the NICA lingarjati emarkasi boundary line in Lubuk Alung)

original info:

Kutipan(Petikan) Ketetapan Residen NRI Sumatera Barat

Bukittinggi 2 januari 1948

KAMI RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT

Menimbang bahwa perlu dilakukan pembaruan penunjukkan penyetor tetap penerimaan Negara yang mengenai dan berada dalam lingkungan keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat, Mengingat Bb 10843

MENETAPKAN Sambil mencabut peraturan yang bertentangan dengan ketapan ini , diharuskan penyetor yang dimaksud pada daftar terlampir bersama ini,melakukan penyetoran dari penerimaaan dilingkungan keresidenan sumatera Barat kepada Kas Negara (pembantu).

Salinan ketetapan ini dikirimkan kepada:

(1) P.T.(paduka Tuan) Komisaris Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukittinggi.(2) PT Gubernur Provinsi Sumatera di Bukittinggi(3)PT Kepala Pejabat Keuangan Provinsi Sumatera di Bukit Tinggi(4) PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Provinsi Sumatera(5)PT Kepala Pemeriksa Keuangan Umum Provinsi Sumatera Barat(6)PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Sumatera di Bukittinggi(7)PT Pimpinan Bagian Keuangan Kantor Residen sumatera Barat di Bukittinggi(8) PT Pengawas PTTT Sumatera Tengah di Bukittinggi(9)PT Pengawas PTT Sumatera tengah di Bukittinggi(10) PTT Kepala Kantor Pos di Bukittinggi(11 )Kepala Kantor Pos di Pajakumbuh(12)PT Kepala Kantor Pos di Padang Pandjang(13)PT Kepala Kas Negara di Bukittinggi(14) PT Kepala Pejabat Sumatera Barat untuk dimaklumi dan petikan kepada yang berkepentingan untuk diketahui dan di Pedomani.

Sama bunyinya dengan daftar yang tersebut diatas

Kepala Kantor Urusan Perhitungah Uang Negara

Ditanda Tangani Oleh(DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN BESLIT RESIDEN SUMATERA bARAT TANGGAL 2 JANUARI 1948 NO BT/XII/2/10

(1)Penyetor : Gripir Pengadilan Negeri di Bukittinggi

(2)Jenis yang disetor :Penerimaan berikut dengan ketetapan(beslit) dsb

(3) Waktu menyetor: Paling lambat tanggal 10 tiap bulan Kas penyetoran: Bukittinggi

Kutipan ini dipergunakan dikirim tanpa prangko stempel Dinas Bebas Bea dari stempel dinas Kantor urusan Urusan Perhitungan Uang negara RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT(stempel bulat), tidak ada stempel Pos,mungkin diantar oleh kurir.(koleksi langka ,penting untuk sejarah karena diketahui sistem keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat dan provinsi sumatera yang berada di Bukittinggi serta kepala kantor pos yang mengawasi seluruh daerah republik di suamtera barat Bukittinggi,Pajakumbuh dan padang Panjang, sedangkan kantor pos Padang dibawah NICA sesuai dengan perjanjian lingarjati batas garis demarkasi di Lubuk alung)

 January,7th.1948

the rare Change of adress stationer dancer 2 cend card send from  soerabaia to Malang

 

 jANUARY,11TH.1948

The primemenister of NIT Anak Agung Gde agung  arrived at Kemayoran airport jakarta “Disambut” NRI menistry Moh,Natsir (two photos)

 and the sametime vice Presiden Moh, Hatta  and St Sjahri arrive at Kemayoran from their vist abroad.(two photos).

and afetr that  Vice Presiden Moh.Hatta fly to Jogjakarta, look the illustration when he arrived at Maguwo jogya airport ,the picture  of his wife Rahmi Hatta with the eldery child Muetia Hatta(three photos)

January,12th.1948

The earliest used sumatra local repoeblik indonesia revenue  f 75 single label fragment,the latest 9/9.48 , the biggest variation collections(complete info only for specialist revenue collector and prmium member only)and the

January,13th.1948

IKW-Ikatan Warta Harian Jakrta(Newspape Organisation)  had protest  pembreidel(stop circulation) of berita Indonesia newspaper to KTN komisi Tinggi National (high national commision)

 

January,15th.1948

The Aceh Government issued Soekarno papermonery Rp.5.-(very rare collections)

January 17th.1948

Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.look the pictures of Indonesian Delegation during renville meeting ( two illustration)

The Renville Agreement which sign after the fourth meeting between  NRI delegetion,Dutch delegation and Dewan keaman Komisi tiga negara(KTN on Thre tsate Commision from United Nation),look two illustration,( complete document,only for premium member.please subscribed via comment)

January 21

Dutch found “Negara Madura” government on Madura.

January,22th.1948

Berita Indonesia newspaper get permission to circulate again

January 23

Sjarifuddin resigns as Prime Minister; the “Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” parties go into opposition.Sukarno appoints Hatta to head an emergency cabinet answerable to President.Dutch organize “Daerah Banjar” government on Kalimantan. Republican forces under Hasan Basry continue fighting from the countryside.

The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.The PNI, Masyumi, and Tan Malaka all opposed the Renville agreement.

January,24th,1948

The Java Banaran village chief(kepala desa)’informed letter,”Surat keterangan” about the owner of Radion Erres want ot solfd the radio at Solo,with rare NRI Village’s cheaf official stamped,

January,25th.1948

 separatist political ranglkaian Netherlands in an attempt to cripple the position of the Republic of Indonesia on the island of Madura is propaganda by causing a psychotic attack (angstphsychose “against what they say” the occupation of the Republic “that madura” dianak-tirikan ‘ step son by the Republic, which raised the “instict tot zelf behoud” desire to set himself an incentive to secede from the republic of Indonesia. With this trick, the Dutch tried to lure people Harti madura to set up a “State of Madura ‘own. on January 25, 1948 Elections were held in Madura people to choose the form of the State of Madura and the dated 20mPebruari keputusan WTM 1948 came the letter that recognizes the Madurese as the Netherlands. shown in the picture below Walinegara Madura tjakraningrat beside Van der PLaas and Geral Majoor Baay

Suatu rangkaian politik separatis Belanda dalam usahanya melumpuhkan kedudukan Republik Indonesia ialah propagandanya di Pulau Madura dengan menimbulkan suatu serangan psikotik(angstphsychose” terhadap apa yang mereka katakan”penjajahan Republik” bahwa madura “dianak-tirikan’ oleh Republik,sehingga timbul “instict tot zelfbehoudZ” keingingan mengatur sendiri  yang menjadi pendorong untuk memisahkan diri dari republik Indonesia. Dengan muslihat demikian,belanda berusaha memikat harti rakyat madura supaya mendirikan “Negara madura’ sendiri. pada tanggal 25 Januari 1948 di Madura diadakan Pemilihan rakyat  untuk memilih bentuk Negara bagi Madura dan pada tanggal 20mPebruari 1948 datanglah surat keputudsan WTM Belanda yang mengakui Madura sebagai . Tampak pada gambar dibawah ini Walinegara Madura Tjakraningrat disamping Van der PLaas dan geral majoor Baay.

January,27th,1948

PIM-partai Indonesia Merdeka(Indonesia Independence Party) Jakarta branch had protest to KTN  in order to off the forbiden to meeting(mencabut larangan berkumpul)

January29th.1949

 (a)the earliest used single label local sumatra  green paper revenue f 75,- the latest  30/6.48 many colour variations.

(b)the Historic letter send from The chief of Kampong 7 oeloe Palembang , as the recall letter to attend the ceremony of deliver of the power from Dutch government to Wali Negara Sumatera Selatan (south Sumatra)  in

February,2th.1949.

2.February

After several month In aceh,The Young_Gouvernue North Zsumatara Mr. SM Amin in february 1948 was appointed as the “Hakim Pengadilan tinggi” at Bukittinggi.

(1)Sjahrir forms PSI (Partai Sosialis Indonesia), supports Sukarno.”Left Wing” under Amir Sjarifuddin renames itself People’s Democratic Front (Front Demokrasi Rakyat). Sjarifuddin criticizes the Renville agreement.Col. Nasution leads Siliwangi division out of West Java to Central Java

(2)The Dutch blockaded the areas under control of the Republic of Indonesia around this time, causing shortages of food and medicine.
(3)Provisional 50 Rupiah note for “Daerah Banten”, Republik Indonesia, 1948.

February,1st.1948

(a)GPRI_Gerakan Plebisit RI founding lead by Mr Ali Budiardjo.

(b) The rare Official NRI Aceh newspaper “WARTA MINGGOEAN”WEEKLY PAPERS

SIXTH INDONESIAN CABINET;

Prime minister: Wakiol NRI President Hatta, interior minister (Dr Sukiman Wirjosandjojo, foreign minister (Haji agus sakim), the Minister of Finance (Mr.AAMaramis), Justice Minister (Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo), Kemakmoeran (Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara) <Stock people food (Ignatius zJosef Kasimo), Health (Dr Johannes Leimena), Teaching, education and kedudayaan (Mr ZAli Sastroatmidjojo), Lighting (Mohamad Natzir), Labour and Social Affairs (Koesnan), with establishment and Youth (Soepebo), Transportation (Ir Raden Djoeanda), Public Works ad interim (Ir.r.Djoeanda), Religion (Kiai Haji Masjkoer) <Ad Interim Defense (Drs Moh.Hatta) and non-portfolio Minister (Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

LAW ON THE SELECTION OF TEMPORARY MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Atjeh

PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT mourn the demise GANDHI

1900 FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF DATE 3 FEB. WILL DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 01/31/48. Major Jnedral Djatikoesoemo Republic, komadan divis VTN 1 that since the need to implement the cease-weapon carriage dasn Forces of the Republic of the area supervised by the Dutch in West Java tealh come to visit the area yesterday afternoon and arrived back in Surabaya, will soon depart the aircraft Dakota USA back to Djokja, alleged today akn back to Suarbaya. More than 1900 troops Bandung rumored that the delivery of the Battalion III yangterkenal republic under the leadership of captain Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema Tuesday, February 3, will be collected.

THE MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC fly to dJOKJA. Djkarta 01/31/48. This morning the Minister of the Republic is now in ZJakarta tealh went to Jogjakarta with an aircraft and Committee Services Offers both, participated in a plane itutermasuk nachoda ship visit to Djokja Renville participate. Among the authorities of the Republic there are parents Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara Moh.Roem Leimena, H. Agus Salim and Mr. Tamsil.

TRANSFER OF FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC. Djokja 31/01/48. On removal of troops from the West Java region, Aneta pasuka it proclaims that as many as possible will be transported by train. Now they are transported to the place-Temat located along the railroad as Tjiandjoer, Padalarang and Poewkarta. According to Radio Hilversum, the place is going to gather THI 5000 soldiers, from here they will be transported to Tjirebon and by boat departing from the stricken area Repoeblik.Pasukan Tasikmalaja stricken republic would have to come by train. Tjiandjoer removal of troops expected to be completed by February 1 to come.

After PLACE OF NEGOTIATIONS, Djkarta 01/31/48. Merdeka kalanggan obtain news from the always reliable, that the republic delegation has put forward the proposal that negotiations be held alternately in New York after 14 days and in Jogjakarta. Special Committee of Good Offices tealh objected to it because of how it will complicate the work of negotiating a fixed panitia.Suatu place and satisfactory for both parties still sought. Furthermore, the Free Daily paniteraan proclaim that the republic will be entirely pndah delegation from New York to Djokja.

 

originalinfo

KABINET INDONESIA KEENAM;

Perdana menteri: Wakiol Presiden NRI Hatta,Menteri dalam negeri(Dr Soekiman Wirjosandjojo,Menteri luar negeri(Hadji agus sakim),Menteri Keuangan(Mr.A.A.Maramis),Menteri Kehakiman(Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo),Kemakmoeran(Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara)<Persediaan Makanan rakyat(Ignatius zJosef Kasimo),Kesehatan(Dr Johannes Leimena),Pengajaran,pendidikan dan kedudayaan(Mr ZAli Sastroatmidjojo),Penerangan(Mohamad Natzir),Perburuhan dan Sosial(Koesnan),Pembanguna dan Pemuda(Soepebo),Perhubungan(Ir Raden Djoeanda),Pekerjaan Umum ad interim(Ir.r.Djoeanda),Agama(Kiai Hadji Masjkoer)<Pertahanan ad Interim (Drs Moh.Hatta) dan Menteri non portofolio(Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

UNDANG UNDANG SEMENTARA TENTANG MEMILIH ANGGOTA DEWAN PERWAKILAN ATJEH

pRESIDEN DAN WAKIL PRESIDEN BERDUKACITA ATAS KEMANGKATAN GANDHI

1900 PASUKAN REPUBLIK TANGGAL 3 FEB. AKAN DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 31/1/48. Jendral Major Republik Djatikoesoemo ,komadan divis VTN 1 yang berhubung perlunya melaksanakan Gencatan sejata dasn pengangkutan Pasukan Republik dari daerah yang diawasi oleh Belanda di Jawa barat tealh datang untuk mengunjungi daerah tersebut dan kemarin sore telah tiba kembali di surabaya ,segera akan berangkat dengan pesawat terbang Dakota USA kembali ke Djokja, diduga hari ini akn kembali lagi ke Suarbaya. Lebih lanjut dari Bandung dikabarkan bahwa 1900 pasukan republik diantarnya Batalion III yangterkenal dibawah pimpinan kapten Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema hari selasa tanggal 3 pebruari akan dikumpulkan.

PARA MENTERI rEPUBLIK tERBANG kE dJOKJA. Djkarta 31.1.48. Pagi hari ini para Menteri Republik yang kini berada di ZJakarta tealh bertolak ke Djokjakarta dengan sebuah pesawat terbang dan Panitia Penawaran Jasa baik,turut serta dalam pesawat itutermasuk nah=achoda kapal renville ikut melawat ke Djokja. Diantara para pembesar Republik terdapat tua Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara, Moh.Roem<Leimena,H.Agus salim dan Mr Tamsil.

PEMINDAHAN PASUKAN REPUBLIK. Djokja 31/1.48. Tentang pemindahan pasukan TNI dari daerah Jawa barat, Aneta mewartakan bahwa pasuka itu sebanyak mungkin akan diangkut dengan kereta api. Kini mereka diangkut ketempat-temat yang terletak disepanjang jalan kereta api seperti Tjiandjoer,Padalarang dan Poewkarta. Menurut Radio Hilversum,ditempat tersebut akan berkumpul 5000 prajurit THI, dari sini mereka akan diangkut ke Tjirebon dan dengan kapal kedaerah Repoeblik.Pasukan yang berangkat dari Tasikmalaja akan di datangkan kedaerah Repoeblik dengan kereta api. Pemindahan pasukan dari Tjiandjoer diharap akan selesai tanggal 1 pebruari yang akan datang.

USAI TENTANG TEMPAT PERUNDINGAN,Djkarta 31/1/48. Surat kabar Merdeka memperoleh kabar dari kalanggan yang senantiasa dapat dipercaya, bahwa delegasi Repoeblik telah mengemukakan usul  supaya perundingan diadakan berganti-ganti sesudah 14 hari di Djakarta dan Di djokjakarta. Panitia Penawaran Jasa Baik telah berkeberatan terhadap hal itu karena cara itu akan menyulitkan pekerjaan  panitia.Suatu tempat perundingan yang tetap dan memuaskan bagi kedua belah pihak masih terus dicari. SElanjutnya Harian Merdeka mewartakan bahwa ke paniteraan delegasi Repoeblik seluruhnya akan pndah dari Djakarta ke Djokja.

Feb ruary,4th.1948

Jakarta had choosed thier  “perwakilan” to join WEst Java conference R.sujoso,Harun Alrasjid and R.Abunjamin.

February ,6th.1948

NRI Passport no.0028 President of the Republic of Indonesia dated February 6, 1948, the opium smuggling trio dihunakan RI (Kamajaya, Tonny Subeno and Wen)

, was not dberlaku in singapore, so wen Tonny was arrested and several months of languishing in prison, but they managed to RI baik

.Markas opium smuggling in Mitre Hotel, Kiliney Road, Singapore (4 photo illustration), while also H. Karkono involved in smuggling opium Partokusumo RI, belaiu then Assistant Ministry of Finance in Singapore, under the coordination of former Ambassador Mukarto Notowidigdo large and Foreign Minister in charge to smuggle the opium. (apparently correct RI for the state Treasury to smuggle opium, as alleged in the Dutch newspaper in 1947)

original info:

Paspor NRI no.0028  Presiden Republik Indonesia tanggal 6 pebruari 1948, yang dihunakan tiga sekawan penyeludupan candu RI (Kamajaya,Subeno dan Tonny Wen) , ternyata tidak  dberlaku di singapore, sehingga Tonny wen ditangkap dan beberapa bulan mendekam dalam tahanan ,tetapi mereka berhasil dengan baik.Markas penyeludupan candu RI di Mitre Hotel,Kiliney Road,singapore(4 illustrasi foto), selain itu juga H.Karkono Partokusumo  terlibat dalam penyeludupan candu RI tersebut,belaiu  saat itu Pembantu Kementerian Keuangan RI di singapura,dibawah koordinasi Mukarto Notowidigdo bekas Duta besar dan Menteri Luar negeri yang bertugas menyeludupkan Candu tersebut.(ternyata benar RI untuk keperluan Keuangan negara menyeludupkan Candu,seperti yang dituduhkan Belanda dalam surat kabar tahun 1947)

 February,8th.48

rare republic stamp used  cds .8.2.48..djakarta (djokjakarta?)on fragment ,design young man with tranportations ,annyversary three years Indonesia Independence day,VERY RARE USED STAMPS

February,7th.48

The rare Change Of Adress card dancer 3 cent, postally  used  from Surabaya to Malang (this  old  nede.indie 1941 card still used in 1948 until 1949 at federaal state area-Dr Iwan Notes.)

February,10th.1948

(a)The Renville ship departured Tanjung Priok

(b) three member of “Pasukan Berani Mati ” which throwed Granat get sentece to death at Dutch Justice court,and sevent other get to jail.

(c) the Pamphlet”Lelang Paksa” from Bukittinggi  stae Justice court(Pengadilan Negeri Bukittinggi)

February,15th.1948

The rare Straigth handstamp mark TASIKMALAJA , on used postal stationer overprint 5 cent on 3 1/2 cent card  send from tasikmalaya to Pengalengan (langstamped)

February,9th.1947

 The express independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent added java repoeblik Indonesia definitive stamp 40 cent, sen from Tjaroeban to  Modjokerto,with express stamped and sencore”telah ditilik” postmark.  and madioen without date cds as the legalized original card from madioen.

February,17th.1948

The recieved  of Money (kwitansi) f 1000, for repaird the car,by Repoeblic indonesia Traficc organisation (Dians lalulintas Sumatera barat ,now LLAJR),free revenue,with rare official NRI stamped.

february,20th.1948

The people  who enter their name to be the member of GPRI -Gerakan Plebisit Republik Indonesia at Cilincing were arrest by the Dutch.

97) February,26th-1948

The Dai Nippon Java Card used with ned.Indie Karbouw 5 cent stamps send from Bandung to Pengalengan,bandoeng the capital of Pasundan State of Federaal Indonesia.

 

3.March

the picture of Pasar baroe Djakarta postal Office during in Repoeblik Indonesia,Abdoel Rahman (rare photo)

March,5th.1948

(a)the very rare ontangbewijs(postpakket sending reciveced) sedn from Batavia with very rare BATAVIA CENTRUM 4 MCH 48 square in box  violet .hand stamped

March 9

 Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution

By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever. His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule.

March,16th.1948

(a) The rare Telephone bill send free stamps cds Lhoseumawe rep Indonesia 16.3.48. (Aceh postal history)

(b)The Jakarta Justice court had  get sentence 10 years to Yamamoto Isoho (the Glodok Camp leader) because he were “Kekajaman” to the prisoners

March,20th.1948

(a)registered covered with Pekalongan emergency register label and overprint 1947 on knonijnenberg 40 cent stamp,send from pekalongan to Semarang

(b)The Overprint soekarno local sumatra Republic Issued,off cover, CDS Bukittinggi,20.3.48

March,23th.1948

the postal used postcard stationer overprint 5 cen on 3 1/2 cent stationer card  NIG 282 (error normal 2381)  send from soerabaia to Malang.

March,28th.1948

The rare postal stationer  ovpt.5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NIG 2477 send from  Tanjoeng Enim to  Bandung

March,31st.1948

Tijwoelijk Bestuur Dienst Voorlichtings Residentie Banjoemas Identity card.

4.April

The illustration of the building of telephon  and telegram by PTT in preparation of KTN-komisi Tiga negara(three state commision) conference at Kalirang in april 1948

April,1st.1948

Weeskamer Soerabaia official letters ,r

return AFS.postmark (return to sender) April ,1st ,1948 return in April,29th.1948

The circulation of Weekly magazine “The worker”(Pekerja) had stop .

April,2th.1948

The postally used card from bandung to surbaia.April,16th.1948

the rare change of adress statione dancer 2 cent card ,added stamp off( 1 sen) send from  Tegal to Malang

A[ril,3rd.1948

the illustration of  paketvart post meeting and the inner of Jogya Post office in April 1948.

April,11th.1948

The Atjeh Weeklypaper “WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS INFO WITH DAY, 11 APRIL 1948

3 kekoesaan commission will be expanded,

vice president arrives in djakarta, at 12.30 today has left the premises pesawt Boekittingi Vice President pick up the air that he helped his hour 12.00.Beserta also the Minister of Health Dr. Leimena, generals Maj. Abdul Harris Nasution, a member agency workers KNIP Baharuddin Zainal and Ir Indratjaja. With a plane to pick the vice president, arrived in New York City police chief Omar Said State Sumatra. upon arrival in jkarta, vice president explained that he would stay a few days in Jakrta and Nati night 9:00 (PM) will hold a meeting at home van Mook. To fetch his arrival, the field seemed to fly members of the Dutch delegation, and the rulers of which Mr Ali Boediardjo republic and chairman of the Indonesian republic delegation Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER NOT ACKNOWLEDGE NEGOTIATIONS WITH DUTCH republic. Djokja 10 April, Dr Mansoer which was recently established by Dr. van Mook to be Head of State of East Sumatra, expressing their preformance a press conference, that the State of East Sumatra, is a certainty and tida DAPT eliminated. Also he mkenerangkan bahw atiap each party negotiations conducted and the Dutch republic of Indonesia, will not doiakuinya or approval, Pelita People’s Daily demikianditulis March 13, the llau. Actually Dr. Mansoer forget, that face negotiations with the Dutch delegation republic, representing the Kingdom of the Netherlands adalh, where the State Dr. Mansoer also be involved and establish the existence of the State bahw ayang it go round decision (nesluit) from the Dutch Indies government. Meanwhile pulu stated that Dr. Mansoer not compare the holding of a plebiscite its region, if on the other regions were also held

COMPOSITION OF THE CABINET Negar pASOENDAN, according to newspapers in Bandung, the State Cabinet Pasoendan as follows. Prime Minister and concurrently the economy (Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), In the country (former regent Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Health (Dr Abdoel Patah), Social (M Siradj), Teaching (Soendoro), Finance (Mr. Djoehana), General Pekerjaan (M. Enoch ), Justice (Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG republic INDONESIA (ORI), bERHUBUBNG BECAUSE rumors that ori BE DIRECTLY IN EXCHANGE WITH Monica, explaining that official circles NEWS IS LESS truth.after Interim government that is actually formed, it will be held the unity of the money (or federaalgeld Munteenheid-federal money) . According to working paper republic, the money is proposed, if the money NICA and ORI exchanged with federal money 1 to 1. According to economic considerations, it is only logical because, according to the basic NICA our economy ORI and Money in the end is  people belonging . Negotiations on these financial unity until now didnot found definitive results.

EVENTS uprising in Biak, From jakarta diartakan that the republic’s political kjalangan there want menegtahui SIKA Negar Government of Indonesia East Uprising event at Biak (Papua) because it turns out that the people of Irian was declared emphatically would not form a special area, but want unity by State Eastern Indonesia

DELEGATION REP proposal, INDONESIA ON THE FORM AND COMPOSITION OF INDONESIA STATES

POH AN TUI MEDAN, dated March 20 ceremony was held in Medan dissolution POH AN TUI (Chines eoverses police) with the official.

UNITY TAPANOELI. In Mewdan has stood by the Union Tapanuli rtujuan to repair the interest groups in the country soematra Tapanouli Timoer. Now there are three flow between the tribes Tapanoeli: State pro a.Yang Btak Kingdom, b. Which bejuang to get position in the State of eastern Sumatra, c. which bejuang preformance they occur pernag Front Nasional.Diantara great pen pioneered Naigolan ole DR.

DUTCH LOT IN INDONESIA, Djokja 1o April 1948, Jumalh Dutch sent to Indonesia dai Nederland outnumber knows ago. In 1945 some 2600 people to send to Indonesia, is an employee selurunya NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Agency), so diwarta Aneta. In 1946 some 7141 people comprising partikelirmpegawai domestic workers, women and children. in 1947 this number increased to 21.000 more. According to information, the amount of discharged itusesudah jnauari pernag second world until 1948, has a 31.247 (note Dr. Iwan, this essay I will definitely be read by the families of those currently in the country would still be a lot of Dutch, greetings to the families when and want info on family you, become a premium member, because dr ribuaninfo iwna have created you from a collection)

REPOEBLIK INDONESIA  PAPER MONEY IN ACEH ‘(2 TYPES)

ORIGINAL INFO:

 The Atjeh Weeklypaper”WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS DAY WITH INFO,11 APRIL 1948

kekoesaan komisi 3 akan diperluas,

wakil presiden tiba di djakarta,pukul 12,30 hari ini telah berangkat meninggalkan Boekittingi Wakil Presiden denga pesawt udara yang menjemput beliau jam 12.00.Beserta beliau turut juga Menteri Kesehatan Dr Leimena,Djendral Mayor abdul Harris Nasution, anggota badan pekerja KNIP Zainal Baharuddin dan Ir Indratjaja. Dengan pesawat yang menjemput wakil presiden ini ,tiba di bukittinggi Umar Said Kepala kepolisian Negara Sumatra. pada saat tiba di jakarta,wakil presiden menerangkan  bahwa  beliau akan tinggal beberapa hari di Jakarta dan nanti malam jam 9.00(PM) akan mengadakan rapat dirumah van Mook. Untuk menjemput kedatangan beliau,dilapangan terbang tampak anggota delegasi Belanda dan para pembesar Repoeblik diantaranya Mr Ali Boediardjo dan ketua delegasi repoeblik Indonesia Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER TIDAK MENGAKUI PERUNDINGAN BELANDA DENGAN REPOEBLIK. Djoja 10 april, Dr Mansoer yang baru-baru ini ditetapkan oleh Dr van Mook menjadi Kepala Negara Sumatera Timur, menyatakan pendapatnya dalm suatu konperensi pers, bahwa Negara Sumatera Timur merupakan suatu kepastian dan tida dapt dilenyapkan. Juga beliau mkenerangkan bahw atiap-tiap perundingan yang dilakukan pihak belanda dan pihak repoeblik Indonesia, tidak akan doiakuinya  atau disetujuinya, demikianditulis harian Pelita Rakyat tanggal 13 Maret yang llau. Sebenarnya dr Mansoer lupa, bahwa delegasi Belanda menghadapi perundingan dengan Repoeblik, adalh mewakili Kerajaan belanda,dimana Negara Dr Mansoer juga ada didalamnya dan bahw ayang menetapkan adanya Negara itu adlah keputusan(nesluit) dari pemerintah Hindia belanda. Sementara itu dinyatakan pulu,bahwa Dr mansoer tidak menolok diadakannya plebisit didaerahnya,jika dilain daerah juga diadakan

SUSUNAN KABINET nEGAR pASOENDAN, menurut  surat kabar di Bandung, Susunan Kabinet Negara Pasoendan sebagai berikut. Perdana Menteri merangkap ekonomi(Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), Dalam negeri(Bekas bupati Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Kesehatan (Dr Abdoel Patah), Sosial(M siradj),Pengajaran(Soendoro),Keuangan (Mr Djoehana),Pekrjaan Umum(M.Enoch), Kehakiman(Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG REPOEBLIK INDONESIA(ORI),BERHUBUBNG DENGAN ADANYA DESAS DESUS BAHWA orI AKAN LANGSUNG DI KURS DENGAN nica,KALANGAN RESMI MENERANGKAN BAHWA BERITA ITU KURANG BEANR.Sesudah Pemrintah Interim yang sebenarnya dibentuk,maka akan diadakan kesatuan uang(Munteenheid atau federaalgeld-uang federal). Menurut kertas kerja repoeblik, tentang Uang ini diusulkan,jika uang NICA dan ORI ditukar dengan Uang federal 1 banding 1. Menurut pertimbangan ekonomi,hal ini sudah sewajarnya karena menurut dasar ekonomki ORI dan Uang NICA pada akhirnya adalah tangunggan rakyat. Perundingan tentang kesatuan keuangan ini smapai sekarang belum mendapat hasil yang pasti.

PERISTIWA PEMBERONTAKAN DI BIAK, Dari jakarta diwartakan bahwa kalangan politik Repoeblik disana ingin mengetahui sika Pemerintah Negar Indonesia Timur terhadap peristiwa Pemberontakan di Biak (Papua) karena ini ternyata bahwa rakyat Irian sudah menyatakan dengan tegas tidak mau membentuk daerah istimewa,tetapi ingin mengabung dir dengan Negara Indonesia Timur

USUL DELEGASI REP,INDONESIA TENTANG BENTUK DAN SUSUNAN NEGARA INDONESIA SERIKAT

POH AN TUI MEDAN,tanggal 20 maret di Medan telah dilangsungkan upacara pembubaran POH AN TUI (chines eoverses police) dengan resmi.

PERSATUAN TAPANOELI. Di Mewdan telah berdiri Persatuan tapanuli dengan rtujuan untuk memerbaiki kepentingan golongan Tapanouli di negara soematra Timoer. Sekarang terdapat tiga aliran diantara suku Tapanoeli:a.Yang pro Negara Btak Raya,b. Yang bejuang untuk mendapatkan Kedudukan di Negara sumatra timur,c. yang bejuang dalam Front Nasional.Diantara mereka terjadi pernag pena yang hebat dipelopori ole DR Naigolan.

BANYAK BELANDA DI INDONESIA, Djokja 1o april 1948, Jumalh orang Belanda yang dikirm ke Indonesia dai Nederland melebihi jumlah tahu yang lalu. Dalam tahun 1945 sejumlah 2600 orang yang dikirm ke Indonesia,selurunya adalah pegawai NICA(Netherland Indie  Civil Agency),demikian diwarta aNeta. Pada tahun 1946 sejumlah 7.141 orang yang terdiri dari pekerja partikelirmpegawai negeri,wanita dan anak-anak. dalam tahun 1947 jumlah ini meningkat jadi 21,000 lebih. Menurut keterangan ,jumlah itusesudah habis pernag dunia kedua hingga jnauari 1948,telah menjadi 31,247(catatan dr Iwan, karangan saya ini pasti akan dibaca oleh keluarga mereka yang saat ini tentu masih banyak di negeri belanda, salam bagi para keluarga bila anda ingin info tentang keluarga anda,jadilah anggota premium,sebab dr iwna memiliki ribuan info buat anda dari koleksinya)

 

April,12th.1948

(a)the Rare postalstationer NIG 2477 send from Batavia centrum to Bandung.April,26th.1948

(b)The besluit Resident Palembang 1919 was legitimation with Nederland  handelsmaatschapij (bank)  Palem april.12..48 hand stamped.

(c)The Territorial commandant of West Java, Major-general H.J.J.W. Durst annouced that the 1st Mei ceremony(arak-akan) was forbidden.

april,16th.1948

 The earliest used  of Repoblik Indonesia local revenue f 25,- and the latest block four 24/4.48.

April,19th.1948

the earliest used blue paper local sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f,25, block three,the latest used 21/6.1948.

April,20th.1948

two photos of the meeting between Indonesia  and Ducth delegation supervised by KTn at Kaliurang (near Djokja)

 

MAY 1948

(1)two photos of the meeting at Kepatihan Djojakarta between NRI ands Ducth Delegation under  supervision KTN

(2)at Late May 1948, Mr SM AMIN was pointed as the Guvenour Of North sumatra by Presiden Soekarno.

(3)Kartosuwirjo proclaims himself Imam of Negara Islam Indonesia, or “Darul Islam”, an Islamic state rebelling against both Dutch and the Republic. His followers begin setting up local administrations in West Java.

(3) The Typhoid disease in Jakarta, 20 % were died.

May,3th.1948

The postally used cover from CDS Mamasa 3.5.48 to semarang (rare city cds) 

May,7th.1948

Postlly used card from CDS Malili 7.5.48 to Semarang with  overprint Indonesia on Wilhelmina 1 gld stamp(rare city cds)

May,14th.1948

The error 15 sen Java republik Indonesia unperforated revenue used on document,

May,15th.1948

the chinese women fund horganisation letter,send from jakarta with special federal Postal  Batavia handstamped violet  Batavia centrum 15.5.1948.

May,16th.1948

related with the War condition, Emergency Government on may, .16 in 1948, stipulates that to strengthen and centralize all in order to  menyempurnakan defend need power tools of civil and military special preformance of each military area preformance one hand, then in the special military regions all powers of Civil and Military conducted by the Military Governor. The next preformance residency civilian government run by the Council on behalf of the Regional Defence and bertangungg responsible to the Military Governor is concerned, while the business is run by military commanders on behalf dab Sub_Teritorial Responsible to governor Militer on 17 mei PDRI made provisions that force the centralization of power to the civilian and military Military Governor in the Military Specialties, the post of Governor of Sumatra Province for the time being removed. also stipulated that the oversight of regional autonomy as stipulated in Government Regulation 1948 made ​​by Ko in the Emergency Government decree dated 17 May 1949 no 23, set seterusnya, that the Government Commissioner who will supervise the former Province gubewrnur saudara Mr. SM Amin, the advance of another, the government appointed Commissioner for regional defense Utara.Dewan Sumatra regional diamksud above Ketetapn Commissioner formed by the Central Government for the North Sumatran June 19, 1p49 No. 3 and consists of Resident TTDaudsyah as chairman, and as a member M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar and Alemz.masing respective former executive member of the Parliament of North Sumatra

original info(ibid TM Hassan,1986)

related with the War condition, PDRI on may,.16th 1948, menetapkan bahwa untuk memperkokoh dan menyempurnakian petahanan perlu memusatkan sehgala alat-alat kekuasaan sipil dan militer dalm tiap daerah militer istimewa dalm satu tangan, maka dalam daerah militer istimewa segala kekuasaan Sipil dan Militer dilakukan oleh Gubernur Militer . selanjutnya dalm keresidenan pemerintah sipil dijalankan oleh Dewan Pertahanan Daerah atas nama dan bertangungg jawab kepada Gubernur Militer yang bersangkutan,sedangkan urusan militer dijalankan oleh komandan Sub_Teritorial atas nama dab bertanggung Jawab kepad gubernur MiliterPada tabnggal 17 mei PDRI mmebuat Ketetapan bahwa berlakunya pemusatan kekuasaan sipil dan militer kepada Gubernur Militer di daerah Militer Istimewa, jabatan Gubernur Propinsi di Sumatra buat sementara waktu dihapus. ditetapkan pula bahwa pengawasan atas daerah otonomi seperti dimaksud dalam Peraturan Pemerintah tahun 1948 dilakukan oleh Ko dalam ketetapan PDRI tanggal 17 mei 1949 no 23,ditetapkan setrusnya,bahwa Komisaris Pemerintah yang akan melakukan pengawasan tersebut adalah bekas gubernur Propinsi saudar Mr SM AMin,anatar lain,diangkat menjadi Komisaris Pemerintah untuk daerah Sumatera Utara.Dewan pertahanan Daerah yang dimaksud diatas dibentuk dengan Ketetapan Komisaris Pemerintah Pusat untuk sumatera Utara tanggal 19 Juni 1p49 no 3 dan terdiri dari Residen T.T.Daudsyah sebagai ketua,dan sebagai anggota M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar dan Alemz.masing-masing bekas anggota eksekutif DPR Sumatera Utara.

May,18th.1948

the Soeloeh rajat News paper

May, 18th.1948

The Rajat Soeloeh News paper

(a) Establishment Attitudes and the plan nekerja pesundan State,

NIDS struggling collar formation gives equal rights to all citizens, the pursuit of improved teaching, social, economic health, etc..

In the trial the State Parliament Pasoendan 134 dated May 1948 the then Prime Minister Mr. Adil Poeradiredja telang has provided a statement of government policy leaders plan to be run by the government, below we include a summary of these statements. Mr fairly stated, that the cabinet was formed on the basis of politics where the most important advance of the program are:

(a1) we struggle towards Indonesia Addressing the union of a free and sovereign (Indonesia is now the organization has been established as Federasi0, which will stand as Unity State.

(b1) Give equal rights to all citizens without distinction bangdsa mengiggatkan, religion and kultuur.

(c1) Recognize and protect the rights of minorities.

(2) Prundingan will move to Djokja

(3) Representative to the Conference of Bandung Banka

(4) Commercial illustration Perkebuna n be a way to enlarge the country and folk sources of income.

original info:
 

(a) Sikap Pendirian dan rentjana nekerja Negara pesundan,

berjuang kerah pembentukan NIDS memberi hak sama pada semua Warga  negara,mengejar perbaikan Pengajaran,sosial,kesehatan ekonomi dll.

Dalam sidang Parlemen Negara Pasoendan tanggal 134 Mei 1948 yang lalu,Perdana Menteri Mr Adil Poeradiredja telah memberikan suatu keterangan telang kebijakan rencana pemimpin pemerintahan yang akan dijalankan oleh pemerintahannya, dibawah ini kami memuat ringkasan keterangan tersebut. Mr adil menyatakan , bahwa kabinet ini dibentuk atas dasar politik program anatar mana yang terpenting ialah :

(a1) Menujukan perjuangan kita kearah Indonesia serikat yang merdeka dan berdaulat (organisasi Indonesia sekarang telah ditetapkan sebagai Federasi0, yang akan berdiri sebagai Persatuan Negara bagian.

(b1) Memberi hak yang sama kepada semua warga Negara dengan tidak mengiggatkan perbedaan bangdsa,agama dan kultuur.

(c1) Mengakui dan melindungi hak minoritas.

(2) Prundingan akan berpindah ke Djokja

(3) Perwakilan banka Ke Konperensi bandung

(4) illustrasi Pengusahaan Perkebuna n suatu cara untuk memperbesar sumber penghasilan negeri dan rakyat.

May,20th.1948

(a)The house of the lead of GPRI organisation Mr Ali Budiardjo at Pegangsaan timur “digeledah” because subversif.

(b) Two photos of the 40th years Indonesia national erection day anniversary(Hari Kebangkitan Nasional)  at Yogjakarta.look the Imam Bonjol picture on the wall.

(c) The Meeting between Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegation under KTN supervision at Kaliurang near Jogja.

May,26th.1948

The  Cover Fragment of Block 8 Ned.indie. dancer 4cent stamp cdas Medan 26.5.48 and other fragment Ned.indie Stamps in 1948 dancer 3 cent block 10.(during East sumatra State)

May,28th.1948

 the rare label of Income tax recieved at Padang panjang CDS 28.5.48 ,the change or repoeblik curency from small f to new bigger F new URIPS money(Uang Republik Indoesia propinsi sumatra)

Mei,31th.1948

the photo of  the meeting between NRI goverment with political party in Yogja Place

6.June 1948

 june,3rd.1948

the photo of Presiden Soekarno cs fled by flight to Sumatra

and after arrievd at Bukittinggi, he  look Bukittingi at night

June,4th.194

president went to Padang Pandjang

and then President Sukarno arrive at Padang, Resident Sumatra Barat Moh Sjafei spoke during the night meeting

and Dr Sukiman speaks. also Moh sjafei talks with pemuka Rakyat.

June ,5th,1948

the photo of  Dr Soekiman speaking during Isjak Mirazd  day at Buktittingi this day

.

June,6th.1948

(a)On June,6th,1948  Presient Soekarno after melantik Ketua (chief)dan anggota(member)of The Central commisariat Gouvernment for sumatra at Bukittinggi,President soekarno depart to North with Car and from Siboroing-borong flyed by Aeroplane RI-002,without left door, to Lho Nga airport near Kutaraja.

(b)The Postally used cover witn overprinti 1947 on wilhelmina stamps 12 1/2 cent.

June,7th.1948

(a)President Sukarno  visit Maninjau West sumatra

(b)on this day  Mr S.M. Amin had  inagurated  as the Gouvernur  of North sumatra at the Banda aceh palace(kraton). The new gouvenor of North sumatra found many difficulty because this are “kurang aman” unsecured, and also the Dutch WarShip alway shooting the land,beside the Dutch Blockade around Aceh coast. One of the movement in Aceh lead by Said Ali,who didnot done the order of North sumatra Gouvernur, and he was arrested by the Military Gouvernur (look daud berueuh Pamphlet)

June,11th,1948

(a)The photo of KTN resception at Kepatihan Yogjakarta

(b)During the landroad travelling from Bukittinggi to Tapanuli, Presiden Sukarno some time rest in this day(three photos)

(c)The postally used  register cover with Djokjakarta series stamps 60 cent _ Borobudur stupa design , cds. Djakarta 11.7.48 to  probolinggo,with  censor chop

Java&Madoera 1946 ZBL 43A Proof Double+Mirror Print

Thi other series ,rare bird 50 (double print)cent used combination with def 100 sen   at money order fragment. and flag 60 cent mint block four

June,12th.1948

the use repoblik indonesia local sumatra f 75,- on complete document with legalized Bukittinggi post office,s chief

June ,13th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Tarutung this day(photo) and vist hospital there.

June.14th 1948

(a) the recieved of Wang ambonnement  Tan Nie Liang,Keng Po and sinpo newspaper. (newspaper fee) F.6 of newspaper   june 1948(14.6.48)

(b)The kaliurang conference had moved to Jakarta, the delegation went to Jakarta by train.look some picture of the delegations Australian delegation Critcley, indonesi  hatta,moh roem etc.

June,15th.1948

The rare postally  used express. cover with Djokjakarta  series stamp -design RI flag from CDS Djakarta to CDS Probolinggo.June,16th.1948

The Chinese oversees  women study fund organisation jakarta(Federatie van chinese studiekringen-Chig Hsing Lien Ho Hui) letter CDS Jakarta.

June,17th.1948

(a)the rare Merdeka newspaper card send from Djakarta cds  17.6.47, by express to Jogyakarta. with java NRI definitive stamps 2×5 sen and 1x 40 sen (rate 50 sen)

(b)the Samidi book store private postcard send from batavia to Soerabaia.

June,22th1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Jambi by plane (three photos)

June,24th.1948

(a)Presiden soekarno arrived at Bengkulu to  vist the house where he was arrest  by dutch in 1942.( four photos)

(b)Moh Natsit  meeting with Vice Presiden Moh Hatta (photo)

June,25th,1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Tjoerup bengkulu(two photo)

June,27th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Telok Betong Lampong(five photos)

June,28th.1948

Amir Syarifuddin form the People’s Democratic Front (FDR) on June 28, 1948. Political group is trying to put himself in opposition to the government under cabinet Hatta. FDR joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

7.July

July,1st,1948

The  earliest used of Sumatra repoeblic Indonesia local revenue f 70 (old roepiah) ,used fragment. and other date in 1948.

July,5th.1948

The postally used cover from cds Makassar on overprint 1947 Wilhemina 12 1/2 cent stamp to Batavia centrum.

July 8 th.1948.

Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia.

July,1oth,1948

 Surat Pangilan dari polisi Kota bukittingi tanggal 10 juli1948,

atas nama Negara republik Indonesia sajya roeslan di kantor Polisi Bukittingi disuruh menghadap  etc tanggal 14.7.1948 jqm 9.pqgi dihadpan Pengadilan Di Bukittinggi untuk diperiksa menjadi terdakwa dalm perkara…etc

July,14th.1948

The Matraman area Jakarta were surround (dikepung) by dutch army and Police because the subversif action at that area

July,15th.1948

The Indonesian  Nation Meeting(pertemuan kebangsaan)  of all Indonesia at Perguruan rakyat (People s chool) salemba.

July,17th.1948

(a)The Indonesia national nation meeting finish with will (menghendaki) : Negara Serikat with souverinity(berdaulat)  and Independence as the The justice law state with basic azas democracy and in republic form.

(b) The rare ORI overprint on 0.15 sen   of Java Repoeblic Indonesia local revebue ,on compleet document( the-,15 more common)

July,19th.1948
the postal used stationer overprint  5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NG error 2 21(nomal 2721) send from Lahat to Batavia.

July,21th.1948

The circulations of Sentosa newspaper was stopping(dibreidel)

July,22th.1948

The postal used postal stationer card 5 cen ovpt 31/2 cen feredral state card NIG 2721,but tis card misprint 2 21,the 7  off , send from Lahat to Batavia

July,25th.1948

The rare latest used single repoeblic Indonesai loca sumatra revevue f15,- on complete document with official chief Market(pengholeoe pasar) padang Pandjang, because the rate up to f.25 and then  f.75,-

July,27.1948

The Sin Min New paper information;

(A) Invasion of Surrounding Salatiga

Obtained that news on Thursday night that plainly, s erombongan likelihood of complete guns with vandals have attacked the line of the status quo on the east side of Salatiga and made two attacks on Dutch military camp in Dadapajam, where the vandals are using mortars and automatic weapons. This attack can be repelled. A Dutch military were wounded. Almost simultaneously with it, about five kilometers adjacent to its south is also a Dutch military camp near Rekosari has been attacked by vandals mortier by gerembolan (dutch menamkan republican army like that). They can be driven out and headed to a military camp south of elatnya away, at the Soeroeh, who attacked denganhebat smpai three times, but also here they DAPT repelled. It seems the attacks were carried out on a large scale and regular, entourage uuga vandals set fire to several houses to escape the village and destroy the bridge underlined the status quo, further also found roadblocks (Begitulan news from the Federal tentan Dutch troops attack the Republic of Indonesia said vandals, who is the leader of this attack, until now there has been perenah reported, he needs to dinugerahkan decorated hero of independence, hope this info related reports, notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Sjafroeddin-Sukiman Resign?

Apparently kalngan served until now still want interesting events to strike Delanggoe undesirable situation, even though the incident has been resolved and the workers have started working again.

In a news published daily as saying that the interior minister Dr Sukiman and Prosperity Mr. Minister, Sjafroeddin, aan resigned, because he was not satisfied with the attitude of the government’s resolve an issue and a matter delangoe permogokan in a special area of ​​Surakarta. In addition to the news broadcast also said Mr.Moh.Roem would resign from the delegates. Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”‘ Gd=’The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent” ‘ closure_uid_buen0h=”80″>The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent”

(C) Railway Fire delegation arrived in Jakarta

Monday night at 19:30 the train has arrived in Jakarta, leaving from Djokja 6 am from Monument station. Australian representative in the KDB Crichley, come ride the train, from the Netherlands delegation there are 15 members of staff of the Republican delegation and 77 people participated.

The picture of the Kaliurang meeting Delegation meeeting with Sukarno like mr Critchley, also Hatta and zMoh>Roem and from feral  Abd,Kadir.

(D) For What  the Republican Political Meeting  Stops

 Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 June. in his article titled “Djokja and Bandung,” among other things wrote: “The decision to stop negotiations, the fall in conjunction with government activities which maikin federaal intensified, which has held its own with the initiative of conference Bandung to seek progress in resolving the problem of Indonesia. Selanjtnya also, the fall in conjunction with state of cessation of the Dutch government. With the rapid reaction of the Commission of the United Nations (UNO), and on Tuesday the Security Council will discuss again this matter. Conference of heads of states and regions in Bandung can be interpreted that the Federalists could not wait for the policy to establish NIS Netherlands Indonesia-United states.
this raises concern in Djokja republican party. Leftists in Republican states, that the pressure of the left in the republic bertambah.Sudah increasingly apparent that a new national program has not drawn up in accordance with the Federal arrangement, which is now outside the Republican establishment. So for Djokja no better hand over Indonesia to the Council about the UN Security is untu obstruct and impede the movement of the Netherlands the Federalists, who by friends Djokja in the Security Council would be called a state Doll.

(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters Ambarawa

”Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.   Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “Gd =” Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ Gd=’”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ closure_uid_buen0h=”95″>”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street

 original info :
 

(a) Penyerbuan Disekitar Salatiga

Didapat kabar bahw pada hari kamis malam yang lalau,s erombongan beasr kaum pengacau dengans ejata lengkap telah menyerang garis status quo disebelah timur Salatiga dan melakukan dua serangan pada kamp militer Belanda di Dadapajam,dimana kaum pengacau mengunakan mortir dan senjata otomatis. Serang ini dapat dipukul mundur. Seorang Militer Belanda menderita luka-luka. Hampir bersamaan dengan itu,kira-kira lima kilometer disebelah selatannya, juga sebuah kamp militer Belanda di dekat Rekosari telah diserang dengan mortier oleh gerembolan pengacau(belanda menamkan tentara republik seperti itu). Mereka dapat diusir  dan menuju ke kamp militer yang elatnya sebelah selatan lagi, yaitu di Soeroeh, yang diserangnya denganhebat smpai tiga kali, akan tetapi juga disini mereka dapt dipukul mundur. Kelihatannya serangan-serangan itu dilakukan secara besar-besaran dan teratur, rombongan pengacau itu uuga membakar beberapa rumah kampung dan waktu melarikan diri menhancurkan jembatan digaris status Quo, lebih jauh juga ditemukan perintang jalan(Begitulan berita dari  pihak Federal belanda tentan serangan pasukan Republik Indonesia yang dikatakan pengacau,siapakah pemimpin serangan ini,sampai saat ini belum perenah dilaporkan, beliau perlu dinugerahkan bintang jasa pahlawan kemerdekaan , harap yang terkait melaporkan info ini ,catatan Dr Iwan)

(b)Sjafroeddin -Soekiman Mengundurkan diri ?

Ternyata sampai sekarang masih saja kalngan yang hendak menarik peristiwa pemogokan Delanggoe kepada keadaan yang tidak diinginkan, meskipun sebenarnya peristiwa tersebut telah diselesaikan dan kaum buruh sudah mulai bekerja kembali.

Dalam suatu harian dimuat berita yang mengatakan, bahwa menteri dalam negeri Dr Soekiman dan Menteri Kemakmuran Mr,Sjafroeddin, aan mengundurkan diri,karena katanya tidak puas dengan sikap pemerintah dalam menyelesaikan maslah permogokan di delangoe dan soal daerah istimewa Soerakarta. Selain itu disiarkan juga berita yang mengatakan Mr.Moh.Roem akan mengundurkan diri dari delegasi. Mengenai berita pertama itu,kalangan yang snagat berdekatan dengan pucuk pimpinan Masjoemi, mengatakan ,sama tidak tahu tentang hal itu, sedang yang menegani berita kedua, Mr Moh>Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”

(c) Kerata Api delegasi tiba di Jakarta

Hari senen malam jam 19.30 kereta api  telah tiba di jakarta, berangkat dari Djokja jam 6 pagi dari stasiun Tugu. Wakil Australia dalam KDB Crichley ,ikut menumpang kereta itu, dari delegasi Belanda ada 15 orang anggota staf dan dari delegasi Republik ikut 77 orang. 

(d) Sebab Apa Republik Menghentikan Prundingan Politik

 Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 juni. dalam artikelnya berjudul ” Djokja dan Bandung” anatara lain menulis :”Putusan untuk menghentikan perundingan,jatuhnya bersamaan dengan kegiatan pemerintah fedreaal yang maikin diperhebat, yang dengan inisiatif sendiri telah mengadakan koferensi Bandung untuk mencari kemajuan dalam penyelesaian masalah Indonesia. Selanjtnya juga,jatuhnya  bersamaan dengan keadaan berhentinya pemerintahan Belanda. Dengan cepat timbul reaksi dari Komisi PBB(UNO), dan pada hari selasa Dewan Keamanan akan membicarakan lagi masalah ini. Konperensi kepala negara dan daerah di bandung dapat diartikan bahwa kaum Federalis sudah tidak sabar lagi terhadap kebijakan Belanda untuk membentuk NIS-negara Serikat Indonesia.
hal ini menimbulkan kekuatiran pihak republik di Djokja. Kaum Kiri di Republik menyatakan, bahwa tekanan kaum kiri di republik makin hari makin bertambah.Sudah nyata bahwa program nasional yang baru disusun sudah tidak sesuai dengan susunan Federal, yang sekarang pembentukannya diluar Republik. Maka bagi Djokja tidak ada yang lebih baik  menyerahkan soal indonesia kepada Dewan Keamana PBB untu  merintangi Belanda dan merintangi gerakan kaum Federalis, yang oleh teman-teman Djokja di Dewan Keamanan tentu akan disebut sebagai negara Boneka.
(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters AmbarawaPembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.” Gd=”Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “>Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.(F) Applicability of Rule Seals In 1921From the Department of Finance has been notified as follows: “Paraturan seal 1921 and seal of the legal rules contained mengaenai preformance other general rules, with ordonasi August 21, 1945 (Stadblad 220) for temporarily revoked (not used), except for the so-called seal capital (kapitaal zegel) has been extended with ordonasi dated 19 January 1948 (stadblad No. 25) that is, until July 1, a new past. From that date wajiblah redeemable stamp duty again as before, then it would be useful to give a brief view of the changes and Additional primarily from the regulatory seal of 1921, which has been held swsudah announced the full text of the calendar attachment in Government (Regering-a tender Almanac 1941, which headed (caption) Tax Law Indonesia-Indische Belastingwetgeving. 1941.Perubahan years held the customs to usrat Pas Travel abroad and certificate (lehitimatie-bewijs), nor may cataan to extend the time of this letter, has been raised menjafi F.5, – Aatu more than that becomes F.7, 50. To take into account the duties of the proof of lease hire, charges totaling 10 cents for each F.100, -, has been awarded a new rounding rule, which reads, customs sukrang least fifteen cents sampi 25 cents, more than 25 cents sampi 50 cents to twenty-five cents, more than 50 cents up to Rp 5, with fifty cents and more than Rp 5, – with a dollar. If jumalh of the charges calculated lies between the two stamp duty, wajiblah pay customs duties are the second highest dar8. stadsblad premises (gazetted) in 1948 no.135r opportunity to pay the stamp duty has been extended by membeolehkan setorn to the State Treasury for the deposit of a power of attorney issued by the comptroller’s office (inspectie van Fiancien). F.500 .- Limit has been lowered to F.25. For the attachment of the seal of all letter, then if desired be allowed to wear the seal paste (plakkzegel) instead of paper affixed with zegel which relies on private law only.Stamp duty remains of F.1, 50 for mail with  signatures created as evidence of action, facts and circumstances that must be paid, for securities that rely on private law (privaatrechtlijk) as well as the law governing the transportation between  private  people and the government (punliekrechtlijk ) have limited to a letter that relied on private law only.According to section IV a new beginning ekarang legendary duty levied at 50 cents from a letter of evidence storage, gudangdan penerimaa. Further charges 25 cents for kononsemen created here, party suarft chaeter of cargo and cargo.Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini.”
“Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between  no longer subject to this special duty. “>Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between njutnya no longer subject to this special duty. if the case is made that the letter was signed, this letter is subject to the general stamp duty F.1, 50.Sale and purchase of fixed effect subject to this special duty, Customs for the memorandum to be made in this, dituanikan with outboard seal the ordinary. Metrai Commerce to be paid twice tealh turrunan dihapuskan.jiga not need to be taken in a list marked.For outstanding amsih letter, which was made before 1 July and which still must be given the seal selurhnya later (nazegelling) because the re-enactment rule bea.due to rules for regular mail and letters about the household tealh set, that of the letter the letter permulaaannya exempt from stamp duty. Bea was just be accomplished, if it is used sutrat notaries, prosecutors, penyitaaan or also if a pegaswai government must heed the determination of when to take the contents of the letter.In the meantime set also with changes streak halted as of July 1, the last, that the petition to the government or government agency and the determination to be taken upon it, subject to no more than the general stamp duty sebayak F1, 50. It has also been abolished preferential voting determination letter from the letter, which meuat appointment in the office and giving a raise. in this connection should be noted that the letter  to implement the employer’s premises parftikelir agreements already exempt from stamp duty under ordonasi in stadblad 1928 no.533Because time will pass so long, people can run the new stamp duty rules in 1921 premises really Supervisory Head of the Department of Finance has memebrikan keuasaan until the 1st of january 1949 to the Post in order to seal the employee to mention all the proposed “surat memunggut “no fines or make prosec Verbaal (news inspection program) so that all the errors until the date fixed

(e) Iklan Pasar Malam di Alon aloon Ambarawa

Masih tersedia tempat didalam pasar malam buat permainan (tombola,loterij barang) restaurant dll >Pembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.

(f)Berlakunya Peraturan Meterai Tahun 1921

Dari pihak Departemen Keuangan telah diberitahukan sebagai berikut:”Paraturan Meterai tahun 1921 dan aturan yang mengaenai hukum meterai yang termuat dalm peraturan umum lainnya,dengan ordonasi tanggal 21 Agustus 1945(Stadblad 220) untuk sementara dicabut(tidak dipakai),kecuali untuk yang dinamakan meterai modal(kapitaal zegel) telah diperpanjang dengan ordonasi tertanggal 19 januari 1948(stadblad no 25) yaitu sampai tanggal 1 July yang baru lalu. Mulai tanggal itu bea meterai wajiblah ditunaikan lagi seperti sediakala, maka itu berguna kiranya untuk memberikan pemandangan yang singkat tentang perubahan dan  tambahan yang terutama dari peraturan meterai 1921,yang telah diadakan swsudah diumumkannya naskah lengkap tentang itu didalam lampiran Penanggalan Pemerintah(Regering-almanak tahum 1941,yang berkepala(caption) Undang-Undang Pajak Indonesia -Indische Belastingwetgeving. tahun 1941.Perubahan yang diadakan adalah bea untuk usrat Pas Perjalanan keluar negeri dan surat keterangan(lehitimatie-bewijs),begitupula cataan untuk memperpanjang waktu dari surat ini,telah dinaikan menjafi F.5,- aatu lebih dari itu menjadi F.7,50. Untuk memperhitungkan bea dari tanda bukti sewa menyewa,bea berjumlah 10 sen untuk tiap F.100,-,telah diberikan aturan pembulatan baru, yang berbunyi, bea sukrang-kurangnya lima belas sen sampi 25 sen, lebih dari 25 sen sampi 50 sen dengan  duapuluh lima sen,lebih dari 50 sen sampai RP.5,  dengan lima puluh sen dan lebih dari RP.5,- dengan satu rupiah. Jika jumalh dari bea yang diperhitungkan  terletak diantara dua bea meterai ,wajiblah membayar bea tertinggi dar8 kedua bea tersebut. Denga stadsblad(lembaran negara)  tahun 1948 no.135r kesempatan untuk membayar bea meterai telah diperluas dengan membeolehkan setorn ke Kas Negeri atas surat kuasa untuk menyetor yang dikeluarkan kantor pengawas keuangan (inspectie van Fiancien).Batas F.500.- telah diturunkan menjadi F.25. Untuk penempelan meterai dari semua surat,untuk selanjutnya jika dikehendaki diperkenankan memakai meterai tempel(plakkzegel) sebagai ganti kertas yang dibubuhi zegel yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi saja.

Bea meterai tetap dari F.1,50 untuk surat  yang dibuhi tanda tangan dibuat sebagai bukti  tindakan,kenyataan dan keadaaan  yang harus dibayar ,untuk surat yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi(privaatrechtlijk) maupun atas hukum yang mengatur perhubungan anata orang partikjulir dan pemerintah(punliekrechtlijk) tealh dibatdsi untuk surat yang bersandarkan atas hukum pribadi saja.

Menurut bab IV a yang baru, mulai daris ekarang dipungut bea sebesar 50 sen dari surat bukti penyimpanan,gudangdan penerimaa. Selanjutnya bea 25 sen untuk kononsemen yang dibuat disini,partai chaeter tentang muatan serta suarft muatan.

Bab VIII yang meuat aturan untuk pemungutan  meterai perniagaan/dagang(handlzegel) telah sangat disingkatkan dan dipermudah>Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini. jika tentang hal ini dibuat surat yang ditanda tangani,surat ini dikenakan bea meterai umum F.1,50.

Jual beli surat Effect tetap dikenakan bea istimewa ini, Bea untuk nota yang harus dibuat dalam ini, dituanikan dengan meterai tempel yang biasa saja. Metrai Perniagaan yang harus dibayar dua kali tealh dihapuskan.jiga tidak perlu diambil turunan  dalam suatu daftar yang diberi tanda.

Untuk surat yang masih beredar,yang dibuat sebelum tanggal 1 juli dan yang seluruhnya masih  harus diberikan meterai kemudian(nazegelling) karena berlakunya kembali peraturan bea.sesuai demngan aturan untuk surat biasa dan surat mengenai rumah tangga tealh ditetapkan,bahwa dari dari permulaaannya surat  surat itu dibebaskan dari bea meterai. Bea itu baru harus ditunaikan ,jika sutrat itu dipakai notaris,jaksa,penyitaaan atau juga jika seorang pegaswai pemerintah sewaktu mengambil penetapan harus mengindahkan isi dari surat itu.

Dalam pada itu  ditetapkan juga dengan perubahan kilat yang terhitung muali tanggal 1 Juli yang lalu, bahwa surat permohonan kepada Pemerintah atau badan pemerintah dan penetapan yang harus diambil atas hal itu,dikenakan tidak lebih dari bea meterai umum sebayak F1,50. JUga telah dihapuskan pemungutan istimewa surat dari surat penetapan,yang meuat pengangkatan dalam jabatan dan pemberian kenaikan gaji. dalam hubungan ini harus diperhatikan bahw asurat yang dinuat untuk melaksanakan perjanjian kerja denga  majikan parftikelir sudah dibebaskan dari bea meterai menurut ordonasi dalam stadblad 1928 no.533

Karena akan lewat sekian waktu lamanya, baru orang dapat menjalankan aturan bea meterai 1921 denga sungguh-sungguh Pengawas Kepala Departemen Keuangan telah memebrikan keuasaan sampai tanggal 1 january 1949 kepada pegawai Pos supaya menyegel lagi semua suart yang diajukan tidak memunggut denda atau membuat prosec verbaal(berita acara pemeriksaan) sehingga semua kesalahan sampai tanggal itu dibetulkan

July,28th,1948

the rare Residentie west sumatra official information(BERITA RASMI)

.undang Act no11 tentangf change the tax rate cut.

VICE PRESIDENT PEINRTAH 2.SURAT no 53/WP/BT/48

To the Inspector UmumKeuangan on Tax officials from the ministries of Finance M. Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag while running keqwajibannya pad for a State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in Bukititnggi.

Ordered, visiting each of the Residency in dsumatera order;

a. Perfecting Ijurannegara official organization, both technical and admimistratif based on the prevailing peraturam in Java and Madura.

b.Dimana necessary, to restore people’s trust to the Official State Ijuran (Dues)

c.Memperhebat receipts for the State so that the danger of inflation DAPT reduced.

To the Governor and Commander of the TNI Sumatra Sumatra commandment, all residents and the Unity of the Armed Forces d Sumatran hereby requested to provide all necessary assistance and information kepad a host of M. Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut in running a command that we provide.

Boekititnggi, 8 April 1948

Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

GOVERNMENT OF WEST SUMATRA edict.

Considering that in order to prevent price increases for goods makana seentara need to hold a prohibition for the time being, remove material from West Sumatra makana such as Copra, dry pepper, Peanut and Sweet Oil, and so on.

bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Resident of West Sumatra

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan dated 26 May 1948 by the secretary of the residency Haroen al Rasjid.

REGULATION OF MONEY WAITING

Governor of the State sumatra republic IndonesiaMenimbang that for mecapai rationalization in the use of workers labor on government positions in the province of Sumatra, needed to be rules about menberhentiakn employees as the excess energy than necessary to provide money Wait (wachtgeld) with peresetujuan of the Working Committee and the Legislative Decree Sumatra Prseiden NRI September 29, 1946.

 Memuruskan, by canceling the (deadly) regulations regarding the provision of money waiting (wacht geld) current, and so on

ORIGINAL INFO:

1.undang undang no11 tentangf perobahan tarip pajak potong.

2.SURAT PEINRTAH WAKIL PRESIDEN no 53/WP/BT/48

Kepada Inspektur UmumKeuangan pada pejabat Pajak dari kementerian Keuangan M.Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag buat sementara menjalankan keqwajibannya pad a Komisariat Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukititnggi.

Diperintahkan ,mengunjungi tiap-tiap Keresidenan di dsumatera guna;

a. Menyempurnakan organisasi pejabat Ijurannegara,baik admimistratif  maupun teknis dengan berpedoman pada peraturam yang berlaku di Jawa dan Madura.

b.Dimana perlu,mengembalikan kepercayaan rakyat kepada Pejabat Ijuran Negara (Iuran)

c.Memperhebat pemasukan uang bagi Negara sehingga bahaya inflasi dapt diperkecil.

Kepada gubernur Sumatra dan Panglima TNI Komandemen Sumatra,segenap residen dan Kesatuan Angkatan Perang d sumatera dengan ini diminta supaya memberikan segala bantuan dan keterangan yang diperlukan kepad a tuan M.Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut dalam menjalankan perintah yang kami berikan.

Boekititnggi, 8 april 1948

Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

MAKLUMAT PEMERINTAH SUMATERA BARAT .

Menimbang bahwa untuk mencegah kenaikan harga barang makana buat seentara perlu mengadakan larangan buat sementara waktu ,mengeluarkan bahan makana dari daerah Sumatera Barat seperti Kopra,Lada kering,Kacang tanah dan Minyak Manis, dan seterusnya.

bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Residen sumatera Barat

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan tanggal 26 mei 1948 oleh sekretaris keresidenan Haroen al Rasjid.

PERATURAN UANG TUNGGU

Gubernur sumatra Negara republik IndonesiaMenimbang bahwa untuk mecapai rasionalisasi dalam pemakaian tenaga pekerja pada jabatan Pemerintahan dalam Provinsi Sumatera,perlu diadakan peraturan tentang menberhentiakn Pegawai sebagai tenaga yang berlebih dari semestinya dengan memberikan Uang Tunggu(wachtgeld) dengan peresetujuan Badan Pekerja Dewan Perwakilan Sumatra dan Ketetapan Prseiden NRI tanggal 29 September 1946.

 Memuruskan ,dengan membatalkan (mematikan) peraturan tentang pemberian uang tunggu(wacht geld0 yang berlaku sekarang, dan seterusnya

(INFO LENGKAP HANYA UNTUK ANGGOTA PREMIUM BLOD,SILAHKAN MENDAFTAR LIWAT KOMENTAR)

July,29th.1948

Two POSA member had sentence to death by Jakarta JUstice court because they throwed the granat at Kramat area Jakarta at july,20th.1948 .and two other sentence to jail 9 and 5 years.

8.August

August,1th.1948

The KPOB_Komite Pendidik and Organisasi Buruh”(Worker oragnitation) had founded in order to unity the worker in struggle and work.(berjuang dan bekerja)

August ,4th.1948

The promotion of Fonds Pembelian Kapal terbang(FDK_Republik Fund for buying aeroplane) from Tapanoeli(very rare pamphlet, used the back for homemade cover in 1950)

August,5th.1948

The postally used An Lok book store Makassar, cds Makssar on karbouw 5 cent stamp to Bing Sien bookstore soerabaia.\

August,9th.1948

The very rare earliest used off document , Sumatra Local republic revenue one new rupiah Rp.1.- august,11th.1948, look illustration below

and other date in August 1948 look above

August,10th.1948

The Java repoeblic Indonesia revenue,used on document, misprint the 15 cent, the 5  abnormal.

August 11th.1948

Musso, former PKI leader from the 1920s, arrives in Yogya after spending twelve years in the Soviet Union. Sjarifuddin announces that he has been an underground member of PKI. PKI sponsors strikes and demonstrations.Hatta, with little money to pay troops, begins demobilizing some TNI (army) units.

August,16th.1948

(1)The the youngman had made “Api Unggun”(glory flame)  di RI Building Pegangsaan Timur 56, but the Dutch soldier and Police  shooting and arrest them, Suripto was died(gugur)

(2) Sin Min Newspaper

(A) Pendjualan Opium Republic

Het dagblad of Opium in the Republican Sales

Dutch newspaper “het Dagblad” wrote about the sale of opium ole case of the Republic as follows: “Yesterday we have announced how the republican play around with interest, which is being held by the international community, by the way Republicans have set aside the international regulations for its own sake. As a general already know, it tealh illicit opium trade in a deal that was held preformance second world war, where tealh agreement was signed also by the country belanda.Sebenarnya opium sales conducted on a large scale by the republic, not just limited to areas within the archipelago. toxins that damage the health of the country, tealh entered by the Republic in the market again, while people with joy to see, that the compaction was halted tealh can be controlled. apparently the preformance of the republic is still opinionated bahw atujuan or intent that justify the way the tactic for achieving it. Cra-republic techniques now used to obtain money to finance his representatives abroad is a clear proof that Jogya skali sincerely can not apply as a country are commendable (Dutch propaganda in order to drop the name of the republic of Indonesia in the eyes of the world-calendar notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Day 17 August in Australia

Melbourne, 14 August. Correspondent Daily politicians ‘Melbourne Herald’ wrote: “Most members of the diplomatic corps in Canberra may not be attending the reception day dtang lettuce that will be held by representatives of the Republic of Indonesia which telanh mengakat himself, Mr. Osman Sastroamidjojo. Now maybe the ministry of Foreign Affairs Australia will be forced to notify the ministry’s information whether or not to admit Mr Oesman. Mr. Oesman was not recognized by the government nor have Zustral8ia seta tesmi status, but according to her deputy foreign customs he has send the invitation to a birthday reception with respect to know n the third of the republic of Indonesia. Correspondent was indicating, that Ausrtralia may not be represented by Prime Minister J. Chifley, Evatt, who had no minister, acted as minister of state sementara.Chifley curved never attended such an occasion. According to the correspondent of increasing interest concern is whether the Australian foreign ministry officials not to attend the reception.

(C) Bandung Conference

Jakarta 15 August 1948, according to Aneta: “Unlike the first announcement is that the federal conference in Bandung will be postponed until the month of September setelah chairman and the author returned from the Dutch country. Finally taken a decision to proceed in the jkarta komnperensi on Monday night broadcast addressed pangilang to all state representatives, they were invited to come in Bandung Selas as possible.

(D) Communion For Cochran

Jakarta, 14 August (Aneta). Consul General of the United States and the American delegation in the KDB, on Saturday night held a banquet to honor members of the new United dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, held a reception room Hotel des Indes.Diantara bnayak people, who came to salute the master Cochran, was Lieutenant-General Dr. HJ van Mook chairman of the Dutch delegation, R. Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo, young Laksmana ASPinke, state secretary of economic affairs Mr JE van Hoogstraren. of delegation of the Republic, among others, seem present chairman Mr Mohammad Roem and also foreign minister Haji Agoes Salim.Banyak leading people from the military and civilian masters come to berkenalan with Cochran.

(E) Bureau PTT in the Netherlands Indies

Jkaarta August 11, 1948, shortage of employees in the Bureau PTT is such that the composition of which is now barely sufficient for the daily work of the 1940 PTT terpenting.Dalam diIndonesia effigy has 12,418 employees, consisting of 5785 employees and medium-high, low pengawai 6633 . In permulaaan the 1948 figure to be 7202 (3944 and 3258). Especially the shortage of high officials and mewnengah.
Postal service had not so many losses when compared with the tehnikmeskipun number of post offices and post office assistant no longer used DAPT. postal delivery everywhere is almost normal again. but also in this case was once an employee keurangan kantor.Pengiriman money (poswessel) and delivery is still hampered by epraturan pospaket expenditure of foreign exchange and agricultural products. Bangaiman growing number of the letters turned out, that the preformance of 1947 with the mediation service and curved flight in the country of the Netherlands Indies government service, the semi-official and a private had been transported a number of postal 1,510,281 kg (69 624 kg in 1940) of that total civilian 689,542 kg and 361,800 kg of the military.

 With Jakarta Amsterdam KLM airplane trip, in 1947, has been transported into and through the State dutch postal number 202.4e82 kg (1939 42 820 kg). of that number there are 136,131 military post, especially for dutch country. From dutch country and other countries preformance in 1947 with KLM Amsterdam jakarta transported 331,441 kg while in 1939 55 744 248 119 kg of between this military post. In 1939 many pospaket sent and received on average 112,000 pounds, years ago in 1947 and 105 000 kg in 1948 to the present 185.0000 kg.

PTT in Indonesia in the year before the war gets hit, for example in 1940 the acceptance of 09.29 million dollars with penegluaran 23.8 million, so profits 6100.000 guilders, while the results of the lau-year 1947 loss menunnukkan 4.589 million guilders (20.050.0000 reception and penegluarahn 25,639. 000) although it should be noted also that in general the action after the new politionil billed telephone Subscribed money that unless the postal receipt is always the biggest gains, while both of 1947 new bahgian elevated rates. by not investigating the possibility of small, can be expected that the reception in 1948 will amount to between 40 and 50 million rupiah. purchase price of goods remains in January 1, 1941 amounted to 63.000.0000 guilders, while the January 1, 1948 nearly 55.8 million gulden.Berhub ung with ten-year plan can be said that everything depends on the development of political and economic circumstances of this dinusantara. all that the PTT service can be held here after the war, would not be possible, if there is no assistance from the military, especially on the protection of workers PTT group, so we have to thank the Dutch PTT in the country as a matter of tools.

 indonesian version:

(a) Pendjualan Candu Republik

Het dagblad tentang Penjualan Candu di Republik

Harian belanda “het Dagblad” menulis tentang perkara penjualan candu ole Republik sebagai berikut: “Kemaren kami telah mengumumkan bagaimana republik bermain-main dengan kepentingan, yang sedang diselengarakan oleh dunia Internasional, dengan cara Republik telah menyampingkan peraturan internasional untuk kepentingan diri sendiri. Seperti umum telah ketahui,memperdagangkan candu itu tealh terlarang dalam suatu perjanjian  yang diadakan dalam perang dunia kedua,perjanjian mana tealh ditanda tangani juga oleh negeri belanda.Sebenarnya penjualan candu yang dilakukan secara besar-besaran oleh republik itu , tidak hanya terbatas pada daerah dalam lingkungan Nusantara. racun yang merusak kesehatan negeri itu,tealh dimasukan oleh Republik dalam pasar lagi,pada saat orang dengan gembira sekali melihat,bahwa pemadatan itu telah mulai dapat dikendalikan. rupanya orang dalam republik masih tetap berpendirian  bahw atujuan atau maksud itu membenarkan cara yang dipaki untuk mencapainya. Cra-cara yang sekarang dipakai republik untuk mendapatkan uang guna mengongkosi  para utusannya diluar negeri adalah suatu bukti yang nyata skali bahwa Jogya sunguh-sungguh tidak dapat berlaku sebagai negara yang patut dihargai(propaganda belanda guna menjatuhkan nama republik Indonesia dimata dunia -catatn Dr iwan)

(b) Hari 17 agustus di australia

Melbourn,14 agustus. Koresponden politi harian”Melbourne Herald” menulis: “Sebagian besar anggota korps diplomatik di canbera mungkin tidak akan menghadiri resepsi hari selada yang akan dtang yang akan dilangsungkan oleh wakil Republik Indonesia yang telanh mengakat dirinya sendiri,Mr Osman Sastroamidjojo. Sekarang mungkin kementerian Luar negeri Australia akan terpaksa memberi tahu keterangan apakah kementerian itu mengakui Mr Oesman atau tidak. Mr Oesman tadi tidak diakui oleh pemerintah Zustral8ia seta tidak pula mempunyai status tesmi, kan tetapi sesuai dengan adat kebiasaan wakil negeri asing ia telah mengirmkan undangan untuk suatu resepsi  berkenaan dengan hari ulang tahu n ketiga dari republik Indonesia. Koresponden itu menunjukkkan ,bahwa Ausrtralia mungkin tidak diwakili oleh perdana menteri J.Chifley,yang selama menteri Evatt tidak ada, bertindak sebagai menteri laur negeri sementara.Chifley tidak pernah menghadiri kesempatan seperti itu. Menurut koresponden itu yang sedang menarik perhatian ialah apakah pegawai kementerian luar negeri Australia kan menghadiri resepsi itu.

(c) Konperensi bandung

Jakarta  15 agustus 1948, menurut Aneta :” Berlainan dengan pengumuman dahulu yaitu bahwa konperensi federal di bandung akan diundurkan sampai bulan september  setealh ketua dan penulisnya kembali dari negeri belanda. Akhirnya diambil suatu keputusan untuk melanjutkan komnperensi tersebut di jkarta pada malam senin menyiarkan pangilang yang ditujukan kepada semua wakil negara ,mereka diundang datang di bandung selas-lekasnya.

(d) Perjamuan Untuk Cochran

Jakarta,14 agustus(Aneta). Konsul Jenderal Amerika Serikat dan delegasi amerika dalam KDB,pada hari sabtu malam mengadakan perjamuan untuk menghormati anggota baru Amerika dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, bertempat diruang resepsi Hotel des Indes.Diantara orang bnayak, yang datang menghormat tuan Cochran ,tampak Letnan jendral dr H.J.van Mook ketua delegasi belanda,R.Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo,laksmana muda A.S.Pinke, sekretaris negara urusan ekonomi Mr J.E. van Hoogstraren. dari delegasi Republik antara lain tampak hadir ketua Mr Moh roem dan juga menteri luar negeri Haji Avgoes Salim.Banyak sekali orang terkemuka dari kalangan militer dan sipil datang untuk merkenalan dengan tuan Cochran.

(e) Jawatan PTT di Hindia Belanda

jakarta 11 Agustus 1948, kekurangan pegawai di Jawatan PTT adalah sedemikian rupa hingga susunan  yang sekarang hampir tidak cukup untuk pekerjaan sehari-hari yang terpenting.Dalam tahun 1940 PTT diIndonesia mempunyai 12.418 orangan pegawai, yang terdiri dari 5785 pegawai tinggi dan menengah, 6633 pengawai rendah. Pada permulaaan tahun 1948 angka tersebut jadi 7202(3944 dan 3258) .terutama kekurangan pegawai tinggi dan mewnengah.
Jawatan Pos mengalami tidak begitu banyak kerugian jika dibandingkan dengan bagian tehnikmeskipun sejumlah kantor pos dan kantor pos pembantu tidak dapt dipakai lagi. pengiriman  pos dimana-mana sudah hampir biasa lagi. akan tetapi juga dalam hal ini terasa sekali keurangan pegawai kantor.Pengiriman uang(poswessel) dan pengiriman pospaket masih terhalang oleh epraturan pengeluaran devisa dan hasil bumi. Bangaiman bertambah banyaknya jumlah surat-surat ternyata, bahwa dalam tahun 1947 dengan perantaraan jawatan penerbangan dalam dan laur negeri dari jawatan pemerintah Hindia belanda, setengah resmi dan partikulir telah diangkut sejumlah 1.510.281 kg pos(dalam tahun 1940 69.624 kg) dari jumlah itu  sipil 689.542 kg dan militer 361.800 kg.

 Dengan pesawat terbang KLM Jakarta  Amsterdam pulang pergi, dalam tahun 1947 telah diangkut ke dan melalui Negeri belanda pos sejumlah 202.4e82 kg(tahun 1939 42.820 kg). dari jumlah itu ada 136.131 pos militer terutama untuk negeri belanda. Dari negeri belanda dan negeri lain dalm tahun 1947 dengan KLM Amsterdam jakarta diangkut 331.441 kg sedangkan tahun 1939 55.744 kg dari antara ini 248.119 pos militer. Pada tahun 1939 banyak pospaket dikirm dan yang diterima rata-rata 112.000 kg ,tahun yang lalu 1947 105.000 kg dan tahun 1948 sampai sekarang 185.0000 kg.

PTT di Indonesia pada tahun sebelum perang mendapat untung,misalnya tahun 1940 penerimaaan 29.9 juta rupiah dengan penegluaran 23.8 juta,jadi keuntungan 6.100,000 gulden, hasil sementara tahun yang lau 1947  menunnukkan kerugian 4.589.000 gulden(penerimaaan 20.050.0000 dan penegluarahn 25.639.000) meskipun harus diperhatikan juga bahwa pada umumnya sesudah aksi politionil  baru  ditagih uang langanan tilpon yang kecuali penerimaan pos  selalu merupakan keuntungan terbesar,sedangkan bahgian kedua tahun 1947 baru dinaik tarif. dengan tidak menyelidiki kemungkinan kecil, dapat diharapkan bahwa penerimaaan tahun 1948 akan berjumlah antara 40 dan 50 juta rupiah. harga pembelian barang-barang tetap pad atanggal 1 januari 1941 berjumlah 63.000.0000 gulden,sedangkan 1 januari 1948 hampir 55.800.000 gulden.Berhub ung dengan rencana sepuluh tahun dapat dikatakan bahwa segala sesuatu tergantung pada perkembangan  keadaan politik dan ekonomi dinusantara ini. segala apa yang jawatan PTT disini setelah perang dapat diselenggarakan, tidak akan mungkin, jika tidak ada bantuan dari fihak militer, terutama tentang perlindungan rombongan pekerja PTT ,seterusnya kita harus berterima kasih kepada PTT di negeri belanda karena soal pemberian alat-alat.

August,13th.1948

The postally used cover  with rare airmail label(per luchtpost  AV5  send from soerabia to semarang

August,17th.1948

The three years Indonesian Independence day :

(a)ceremony

the picture in Jogyakarta

(b) postal history

(b1) The 3d anniversary of indepndence issue design young mad withtransportation, 100 sen and 150 sen

(b2) West Sumatra  3rd  year independence  postal sationer with design soldier and tank.

(c) The Youngman Suripto was burried  “dimakamkan”

August,18th.1948

The earliest used new  half Rupiah(new rupiah R 1 = 100 old rupiah f.) local sumatra revenue, used off cover still very rare collections courtecy dr iwan,look illustration below

and the latest used 16 and 17  november 1948,look illustrations above

August,19th.1948

The rare Repoblik Indonesia income tax with handwritten R.2,- added bea, postmark CDS Padang Pandjang 19.8.48(Only one ever seen in the world)August,20th.1948

(1)The NRI gouvernemnt annouced “Ikut Berdukacita”  and honored  to  the Youngman patriot .

(2) Postally used Wilhelmina federal state lettersheet postal stationer send from Ms Cornelis(now jatinegara) to Buitenzorg (now Bogor)

(3) After Presiden soekarno and vive Prsediedent Moh.Hatta back to Yogja, The PDRI  Sjafruddi PrawiraNearaa hasdgave back the NRI Gouvernment ‘s  Mandat to them. and on august,20th.1948, the instruction of Vive Prime menistry for Sumatra at Kutaradja for vice the the central Gouvernment, with the president instruction ,the vice Prime menistry will helped by the Dewan pembantu and Penasehat(advisor) which consist The Gouvernment comisaris(Komisaris Pemerintah) for north sumatra,Central sumatra and south sumatra and Panglima Tentara and Territorial Sumatra.

(4)The Chinese oversees health Organization(MD<Dentist and aphothekeer) letter to their member batavia,with dancer 3 cen and specila Batavia CDS,

Ausgust,21th.1948

the rare offiial cover from pasir pengarayan CDS repoeblik poststamped with Rep Indonesia off, to Pakanbaru.

August,22th.1950

Federal state Indonesia first day cover 50 year wilhemina royal netherland crown.cds at Batavia centrum.

August,23th.1948

910 Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara which pointed as the Vice Prime menistry of sumatra with Religious menistry K.H. Masykur arrived at Kutaraja this day and Vice Priem Menistry of sumatra, Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara dismissed(membubarkan) Daerah Istimewa Aceh and chaged to be the Aceh P{rovince. Military Gouvernour Tgk.M.Daud Beureuh “diberhentikan” from his “jabatan”

(2)the Picture Postcard  Hotel Des Indes  send from batavia to Bali.

August,24th.1948

Rumahsakit Perguruan tinggi diambil Belanda ,dengan demikian habislah gedung yang berbau Republik,seluruhnya sudah diduduki Belanda.

Mustapha Abdullah dan kawan-kawannya 11 orang  ditangkap karena dipersalahkan melempar granat dimuka gedung Bioskop Capitol dan disekitar Molenvliet Jakarta. Penangkapan itu sesudah diadakan pengeledahan sejak terjadi peristiwa peledakan tersebut.

August,25th.1948

(a)The diploma of nursing from Health suddivision of Defense Menistry, issued at Jokja august 23th, 1948, legalizied by health menistry in February,15th 1950 with local Jogja revenue  7 1/2 rupiah green,

(b)Manifes Perhimpunan Mhasiswa Jkarta berhubung dengan pengambilan gedung RSPT dalam usaha penyelengaraan penyususan Perguruan tinggi Nasional menghadapi banyak rintangan :

(a) Pengusiran mahasiswa kedokteran di asrama prapatan 10(oktober 1945)

(b) Pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi kedokteran Jakarta,pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi Hukum dan Kesusasteraan (21 juli 1947) dan pengambilan Gedung Rumah Sakit Perguruan Tinggi(sekarang RSCM )

august,27th.1948

the earliest date ,postally used  3rd anniverasry Indonesia Independence 100 and 150 sen on cover.

August,28th.1948

KTN diminta memperhatikan soal tindakan pengusiran oleh Belanda terhadap pegawai RI di Jakarta.

August,31th.1948

(a)The rare new rupih RP.1.50 republic sumatra local revenue uesed off document august,31th.1948 look below

and upper September 1948 same  new rupiah used revenue.

(b) The ORI (newr Roepiah currency oeang repoeblik indoneisa0overp[int -.50 lima poeloeh sen repoblik Indonesia Reveneu on “surat pengangkatan pegawai Pegadaian Negeri Daerah Djawa Timur di Blitar”

(c)The form of the republic Indonesia paper moner  have change in POstal office model G(because to many false banknote, all banknote must show at pos office, the false with keep and the origianl will chnage with the new repoeblic Indonesia paper money)

at the back the  mint repoeblic Indonnesia pen strip overprint the ned Indie karbouw 1 cent stamp.look the used on documnet ontvang bewij(pospakeet recu) in  january,29th.1947

9.September

PKI gains recruits from PDF; new Politburo includes Aidit, Lukman and Njoto.Republican Government releases Tan Malaka from custody as a counter to PKI influence.

September,6th.1948

2000 police on doty to keep the security(keamanan) during Price Juliana  crowning(penobatan)

September 5

Musso gives speech advocating that Indonesia align itself with the Soviet Union.

September,9th.1948

(1)Dr iwan collections of the first PON(pekan Olah raga nasional-Basional sport weeks) at Solo(surakarta) .

(2) The very rare and only one ever seen the block four  4x f100 local sumtara republic indonesia revenue,used on fragment document, 9.10.1948

September,11th.1948

The jakarta justice court had sentence 15 years to  the Dai Nippon war criminal Ikeda seichi due to get the Java young womens to be prostitute.

September,13th.1948

the IWI (journalist organization) resolution to  Let.General abdul kadir  Widjojoatmodjo(NICA vice commander) to “Mencabut”(off)the regulation to stop the neewspaper circulations.

September 17

Siliwangi division drives PKI out of Surakarta; PKI retreats to Madiun.

September 18

PKI attempts a coup in Madiun; kills pro-government officers there.

FDR -federasi demokrasi rakyat  (People Democratic  Front) joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

In line with the event, came Muso a communist leader who has long been in Moscow, the Soviet Union. He joined the Amir Syarifuddin to oppose the government, he even managed to take over the helm of the PKI. After that, he and his friends increased terror, pitting units and aggravate the personal existence of the TNI leadership Soekarno-Hatta. Peak action is a rebellion against the Communist Party of Indonesia on September 18, 1948 in Madiun, Java Timur.T ujuan rebellion was undermining the state of RI and replace it with a communist state. In this action several officials, military officers, party leaders, scholars and people who are considered enemies murdered in cold blood. This act of cruelty to make people angry and condemn the PKI. Figures of warriors and military forces are currently facing the Netherlands, but the government of Indonesia is able to act quickly. Soedirman commander ordered Colonel Gatot Subroto in Central Java and East Java Colonel Sungkono to run insurgency operation of the PKI. On 30 September 1948, Madison can be occupied again by the TNI and the police. In this operation successful Muso was shot dead while Amir Syarifuddin and other figures were arrested and sentenced to death.

PKI atrocities

In Madiun Affair September 1948, PKI followers among others catch Regent Magetan Sakidi. PKI executioner stretched a ladder cross over a well in Soco. Then the body of the regents was laid on top of that ladder. When supine bound like that, executioners sawed off two Sakidi body, dropped down into the well. Mrs Sakidi who heard her husband was executed in Soco, followed there by holding her two children aged 1 and 3 years. She was desperate to ask to see the corpse of her husband. Hassle serve, PKI massacred all the woman witnessed her two children, then dicemplungkan also into the well. In Starch and Wirosari, anal villagers pierced with bamboo spears and then plugged in the rice field like a scarecrow bird repellent. Meanwhile, a woman stabbed her pussy with bamboo spears and also plugged in the rice field

September 19

PKI figures in Yogya arrested; Sukarno denounces the Madiun coup; Musso replies that he will fight; popular opinion sides with Sukarno.

Sepetember,21th.1948

The Communist separatis issued Money this day at Purwodadai.

 

Sepetember,29th.1948

The registered airmail cover send from bandung to Shanghai  by Royal dutch airlines(KLM)

September 30 Siliwangi division recaptures Madiun. PKI abandons Madiun, pursued by army. Aidit and Lukman leave for China.

The “Madiun incident” was the second time the PKI made an unsuccessful, poorly-planned revolt. The first was against the Dutch in 1926-7; the last was in 1965.The events at Madiun changed the opinion of United States diplomats toward the new Republic. Formerly suspicious, the USA now saw Indonesia as a potential ally against Communism.

10.October

Pro-government Tan Malaka followers create Murba Party. Tan Malaka is arrested again.

October,2 nd.1948

Jakarta citizen census  1.243.048 peoples.

OCTOBER,6th.1948

The postally used letter sheet postal statione wueen wilhelmina added  wilhelma stamps 40 cent send via airmail with the rare label of per luchtpost P 37 AA B10 k/2 frombatavia to Amsterdam(rare collections)

October,7th.1948

The local Republic sumatra revenue, usedoff document, October,7th,1948 and other date in october.look below

also Nopember used look above

October,10th.1948

(a)The very rare combinataion used of sumatra local repoeblic indonesia revenue on fragment document, between the old revenue f.100( now became new RP 1,-) with new ropeiah revenue Rp.1.- and Rp.0.50) ,The best and very rare collection courtecy dr Iwan and only one exist in the world.(the mint unuse many exist,but the use very rare)

(b) The rare postally used Postal stationer dancer 5 cent card(federal state postal card) Type II a with the distance between dancer desing to top 4 mm ,cds makassar to surabaia.

(c) The basketbal team picture at Muntilan 11.10-48

October 11

Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.

October,12th.1948

The postally used cover from Germany to Batavia.

October,18th.until 21th 1948

The Program of  Radio in Fedreal state -Djkarta,bandoeng,Makasssar,Medan,soerabaia,Menado,Padang,palembang,Pontianak,semarang,PCJ.Garoet, the rare historic info of music  collection,like  Indonesian walfare ochestra lead by Tjoe Kim Po Jakarta, “Poetera maloekoe”orchestra  lead by Pattiwael. Java art studio jakarta lead by Ki Sossrohoetomo  ,pesinden Bokmas Soeratmi.  and tembang Tjiandjoer Rengannis lead by MangOndo pesinden Iming at bandung.Orkes sinar Sejati singer  Hoo Eng Djoe and Miss Ijem at Makassar. Orkes Miss Roekiah with kroncong “Lief Java” at Medan.

Orkes keroncong studio surabaya lead by Lie sian hway

also the music picture like R.KOESBINI,VIOLIST MAKASSAR, Rebab,Tionghoa orkes Thung Lok Khiak Sheh Medan,bing crosby,miss ijem makassar,composer tshaikowsky and handel,miss sally host from royal KNIl Jkartat ,

The promotion label inside the brochure like Ketjap Tjap bango,Tenoenan asli Tjap radio Bandoeng.

Federal state postal stianoner card dancer 5 cent,rare type 11 mmm distance of the stamp picture from above,send from Batavia to Soerabaia.

October 31

(a)Musso killed while attempting to escape arrest.

the picture of Musso

(b)Dr van mook farawel party and back to netherland at kemoyoran airport

11.November

November,4th,1948
Maklumat (announvement) Gubernur Militer Atjeh Langkat and tanah Karo TGK Moh.Daud Beureuh, Kutaraja 4 nopember 1948 .

November,7th.1948

(a)The C7 postal identity card issued at Malang

(b)The rare postally used lettersheet stationer Wilhelmina ,send by air mail with rare airmail label .P 37 AA B 10.

November,8th.1948

 The republic Indonesia Income tax, paid via postoffice cds padangpanjang. 

November,10th.1948

The Centenary Railways Exhibition coevr wit CDS Expoxiyion Barcelona send to Soerabnaja java Ned.east Indie,with at vthe back arriveal cds Soeraia 27.10.48.

November,15th.1948

The  Postal stationer card Briefkaart Kartoepos dancer 5 cent send from Mester Cornelis(Jatinegara) to Semarang

November,16th.1948

The very rare used new roepiah revenue of Repoeblic Indonesia Sumatra Rp. 0,50 yellow strip three and four ,off document ,look illustration below.

and the same ravenue used in September 17th.1p48,look illustration  above

November,17th.1948

The Sin Min Newspaer information this day:

(A) No Agreement Reached Deng Anything republic.

Aneta Koresponden in den Haag got word that the party in power in the Hague did not know about something the approval in principle to resume the negotiations, as has been reported by menetri lighting republic, Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan cabinet meeting on yesterday, the trial which results from the minister’s visit to Indonesia negotiated Stikker cook-maska, the Dutch cabinet is now again set his stance. Allegedly, that the Dutch establishment this for several days to be delivered to the republic, but once again stressed that up to now will not be sent again to the Dutch minister of Indonesia to resume negotiations with the republic. Didoega, that contact with Hatta will be conducted by the panasehat., Who is also obeying the most recent negotiations in Kalioerang. Dutch government to prepare and establish his stance again, where according to ZAneta, the Dutch government continue to demand that ceasefire violations was stopped, and where to Hatta will be asked to explain about the important issues that are found by him.

The Picture Of Ducth Menistery  Stikker vist Indonesia with MOh Roem at airport and with Moh Hatta.

(A1) According to the Daily Independent Soeara Indonesia, Indonesian Red Cross in congress Djokja d 12 to 14 November 1948, it has been decided and mengsahkan angaran new basis, also determine the status of PMI as a legal entity and establish a new board. As a chairman appointed Mr. Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, the new chairman of the board eprtimbanngan Agoeng, vice-chairman Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo, the author (secretary) Dr Dapari. Junior will be held in preparation for the red cross. (Red Cross youth-PMR)

(B) Conference Bondowoso

On this night, on 15th November, with the room housed “ball room” in advance aloen aloen diadakjna night pekenalan anatara delegates, invited guests, and the rulers of the entire residency office. Tgl 16 will be held a meeting between the chairman and members of the conference. and the 17th member of the delegation tomorrow diberika opportunity to hold a public eprtemua and in vain to speak to register in dahulu.Para delegation numbered 65 people and raised Recoba 10 people, a total of 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Creation of the Recomba and delivery of leadership temporary chairman of the meeting to the designated Recomba. (b) Establish rules and elections chairman of the Mayor (c) Selection of Chair and alikora (e) Delivery of workers from temporary chairman to chairman of the newly elected (f) Penunmnjukkan Central committee.

Preparation of business conferences in sum Sek8ian State formation Timoer Java. In komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba timoe Java, van der Plaas tealh speech, first daalm Indonesian language support and the dutch language support, which explains the centralization of government at a time when the past can only be dicehag in the presence of a strong state. Interest of 8 million people may well be considered if Java leb8ih Timoer own democratic government has a high degree.

(C) Sjafroedin led the ranks in the South Randoeblatoeng

Office lighting dutch army proclaim as follows: “It turns out that the progress of the Communists to the north causing pimpuina troops entered the republic in retaliation secra massive. Sebgaian of the communist forces led by Amir Sjarifoeddin, Djokosoejono and Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November at Getas, now in sekatan randoeblatoeng. The Koimunis do great evil in the brittle, now Siliwangi Brigade was ordered to immediately eliminate the communist forces. In connection with threatening Bodjonegoro Tjepoe and then a battalion of the brigade had been sent to Tjepoe Siliwangi, but also the northwest section area were also taken action because the republic had received the news that Communist troops were heading to D0oplang the railroad from randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republicans had sent to Koendoeran to occupy the roads between Ngawen and Wirosari. Madien told a news of the People in the area Madioen became agitated, setelag hear bahw apsukan siliwangi will be withdrawn from the region and unity itu.Koordinasi anatara various agencies and organizations can not be repaired again. Dispute anata schools of various parties have very deep rooted. dfengan pemerontakan outbreak again in milir, wilaryin, Doengoes, Walikoekoen and attacks (of all places surrounded Madioen) then there are residents in a state of frantic, demiklian news.

It was reported that the communist forces, which last week had resigned from the east sbelah Madioen and Doengoes to south direction, is now veering to the north Ponorogo, westernized and then to the north, behind the main forces of communist troops. some of these troops had fought with the republic and the army fled to the South. Next is also rumored that the republic troops in the area Lawoe Yawangmanggoe tealh self mengunturkan premises insistence communist forces, from both north and south pegoenoengan it (Dr Iwan has attended military latiahan epndidikan school when compulsory military officers at the acre Tawangmanggoe)

Finally, according to the Dutch army transportation service. rumored that it was fighting with automatic weapons in a place l8ima kilometers along Ngawi, so the relationship along the road from north madioen to be broken(terpoetoes)

original info:

 

(a) Tidak ada Tercapai Persetujuan Apa-apa Deng Repoeblik.

Korespo9nden Aneta di den Haag mendapat kabar bahwa pihak yang berkuasa di den Haag sama sekali tidak mengetahui tentang sesuatu persetujuan dalam prinsip untuk melanjutkan perundingan,seperti yang telah diwartakan oleh menetri penerangan Repoeblik,Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan sidang kabinet pada hari kemarin, dalam sidang mana hasil dari kunjungan menteri Stikker ke Indonesia dirundingkan masak-maska, maka sekarang kabinet Belanda lagi menetapkan pendiriannya. Diduga,bahwa pendirian Belanda ini dalam bebrapa hari akan disampaikan kepada repoeblik, akan tetapi sekali lagi ditegaskan bahwa hingga sekarang tidak akan dikirm lagi menteri Belanda ke Indonesia untuk melanjutkan perundingan dengan Repoeblik. Didoega,bahwa kontak dengan Hatta akan dilakukan oleh para panasehat .,yang juga mengkuti perundingan yang paling akhir di Kalioerang. Pemerintah belanda lagi menyusun dan menetapkan pendiriannya, dimana menurut ZAneta,pemerintah belanda tetap menuntut supaya pelanggaran gencatan senjata dihentikan, dan dimana kepada Hatta akan diminta penjelasan tentang soal-soal yang penting yang ditemukan olehnya.

(a1) Menurut harian Soeara Indonesia Merdeka, pada kongres Palang merah Indonesia d Djokja tanggal 12 sampai 14 November 1948, telah memutuskan dan mengsahkan angaran dasar baru, juga menentukan status PMI sebagai badan hukum dan menetapkan pengurus baru. Sebagai ketua ditunjuk Tuan Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, ketua baru dewan eprtimbanngan Agoeng, wakil ketua Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo,penulis(sekretaris) Dr Dapari . dalam persiapan akan diadakan Junior red cross.(Palang Merah remaja-PMR)

(b)Konperensi Bondowoso

Pada malam ini ,tgl 15 november, dengan bertempat diruangan”kamar Bola” di muka aloen aloen diadakjna malam pekenalan anatara delegasi ,tamu yang diundang dan para pembesar dari seluruh kantor residensi .Tgl 16 akan diadakan pertemua antara ketua dengan dan para anggota konperensi. dan tanggal 17 besok diberika kesempatan anggota delegasi untuk mengadakan eprtemua umum dan pada sia yang angkat bicara supaya mendaftar terlebih dahulu.Para delegasi berjumlah 65 orang dan yang diangkat recoba 10 orang,total 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Pembukaaan oleh RECOMBA dan penyerahan pimpinan rapat kepada ketua sementara yang ditunjuk Recomba.(b)Menetapkan peraturan pemilihan ketua dan Walikota (c) Pemilihan Ketua dan alikora (e)Penyerahan pekerja dari Ketua sementara kepada ketua yang baru dipilih(f) Penunmnjukkan panitia Pusat.

Sek8ian ringkasnya usaha persiapan konperensi pembentukan Negara Djawa Timoer. Pada komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba Jawa timoe, van der Plaas tealh berpidato,mula-mula daalm bahsa indonesia lalu dalam bahsa belanda, yang menerangkan sentralisasi pemerintahan diwaktu yang lalu yang hanya dapat dicehag dengan adanya negara bagian yang kuat. Kepentingan 8 juta penduduk dapat leb8ih baik diperhatikan jika Djawa Timoer mempunyai pemerintahan demokrasi sendiri yang tinggi derajatnya.

(c) Sjafroedin memimpin Barisannya Di Selatan Randoeblatoeng

Dinas penerangan Tentara belanda mengabarkan sebagai berikut :” Ternyata bahwa kemajuan kaum komunis ke utara menyebabkan pimpuina Tentara republik mengadakan tindakan balasan secra besar-besaran. Sebgaian besar pasukan komunis yang dipimpin oleh Amir Sjarifoeddin,djokosoejono dan Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November berada di Getas, kini berada di sekatan randoeblatoeng. Kaum Koimunis melakukan kejahatan besar di getas, kini  Brigade Siliwangi diperintahkan untuk secepatnya memberantas pasukan komunis itu. Berhubung dengan diancamnya Tjepoe dan Bodjonegoro maka satu batalion brigade Siliwangi telah  dikirim ke Tjepoe, tetapi juga dibagian barat laut  daerah tersebut juga diambil tindakan karena pihak repoeblik telah menerima berita bahwa pasukan komunis sedang menuju ke D0oplang di jalan kereta api dari randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republik sudah dikirim ke Koendoeran untuk menduduki jalan antara NGawen dan Wirosari. sebuah berita dari Madien mengatakan Rakyat di daerah Madioen menjadi gelisah,setelag mendengar bahw apsukan siliwangi akan ditarik dari daerah itu.Koordinasi dan persatuan anatara berbagai badan dan organisasi belum dapat diperbaiki kembali. Perselisihan faham anata berbagai pihak sudah berakar sangat dalam. dfengan pecahnya lagi pemerontakan di Milir,Wilangan,Doengoes,Walikoekoen dan Serangan (semua tempat dikeliling Madioen) maka penduduk ada dalam keadaan kalut, demiklian berita itu.

Dikabarkan pula bahwa pasukan komunis,yang minggu lalu sudah mengundurkan diri dari sbelah timur Madioen dan Doengoes ke jurusan selatan, sekarang membelok ke utara Ponorogo ,kebarat dan kemudian keutara, di belakang pasukan induk tentara komunis . sebagian pasukan ini sudah bertempur dengan pasukan repoeblik  dan melarikan diri ke Selatan. Selanjutnya juga dikabarkan, bahwa pasukan Repoeblik didaerah Lawoe  di tawangmanggoe telah mengundurkan diri dengan  desakan  pasukan komunis, baik dari utara maupun selatan pegoenoengan itu (Dr Iwan pernah mengikuti latiahan militer saat epndidikan sekolah perwira wajib Militer di are Tawangmanggoe tersebut)

Akhirnya, menurut dinas perhubungan tentara Belanda. dikabarkan bahwa sudah terjadi pertempuran dengan senjata otomatis disebuah tempat l8ima kilometer di sepanjang Ngawi,sehingga hubungan disepanjang jalan dari madioen ke oetara menjadi terpoetoes. 

November,20th,1948

The Official Justice Departement Indonesia(Dutch federal state) free stamp oficial card send fro batavia centrum to Semarang

 November,25th.1948

the Dutch had finished the Forbidden act to enter Jakarta(Belanda  mencabut larangan  masukkekota Jakarta), especially for Dr J.Leimena the  Indonesia security Delegation leadrer.

November 26

Dutch create state of Jawa Timur in occupied areas of East Java.Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”.

December 1948

The ducth federaal governement central postal (Jawatan PTT Nica) issued Indonesia numeric smelt and overprint Indonesia on wilhemina stamps.

 

December 1

(1)The extreme rare RRRRR,only one ever seen in the world, fragmen strip two republi Indonesia Sumatra local revenue ,used on fragmen ,strip two, old revenue f.1,- this mis used because in this time the rate was two new roepiah revenue(2x RP.1,-), and this revenue  never used before because the devaluation  which made this revenue to low for used,(If the collector who have this revenue in used on document please report, the unsuesd or mint one many found),compare with the real new roepiah RP.1,50 off document collections  below.

look above  the real used new roepiah revenue from november to the latest one in december,10th.1948

(2)the postally used cover send from Pakanbaru to Tembilahan Indragiri with local  republic Indonesia  sumatra stamps and TNI sencored choped.

(3)Amir Sjarifudddin captured

(4)  The Indonesian menistry back to Jakarta from Kaliurang Meeting.

December ,2th.1948

The Dutch language Newspaper”De Locomotief” information:

(A) Jawa Timur Koos Wali Negara; RTAhmad Koesoemonegoro Regent of Banjoewangi. and the illustration of Jawa Timur Regency Banjoewangi Walinegara and time the photo was taken Bondowoso conference.

(B) The terror

238 INCIDENTS IN PAST WEEK. The service contacts the Army reports that the week of 24 to 30 November in Fedraal gecled total of 238 incidents were geregistereerd.Hiervan 60 in the immediate vicinity of the status quo line caused by gangs who operate from Republican territory. Terruer again proved to be mainly directed against the population burgerche hanging on property. Of the total number of incidents related shootings of 100 villages, companies, etc., and robberies by gangs geinfltreerde. also acts of sabotage and arson were reported. Of the 160 terrorist acts were directed against the population there were no fewer than 43 murders in Indonesian Indonesian Federal gebled.

(C) Wali Negara

The presidentile system that requires elected heeldt von mens.de a wali Negara full responsibilities and powers woordelik present today which owns the Wali Negara, make that absolutely clear. We geloren that therefore the Councils of kueze Toemengoeng Koesoemonegoro Achmad, the regent of Banjoewangi. a lucky choice did. This Regebnt, now wal8 Negara is not easy to find him some man.Sommigen angular and as authoritarian.

(D) Large fire in Pekalongan

By hitherto unknown cause in last night at about half past one fire broke out in the center of Pekalongan. namely in kampong Bandjar Sari, who wrapped main thing is unmediated, recently geevacuneerde Chinese. 40 dee As houses.

(E) and Amir Soeripno arrested

Antara reported from Yogyakarta that the communist insurgents leid Amir sjarioeddin Tuesday in hell village mosquito net 20 km north-west of Poerwodadi, was arrested. Antara following information received was to Yogya Sjarifoeddin at that time with smaen Soeripno republikeluse former representative in Prague, also was arrested.

MOESO CREMATED

Antara REPORTS FROM Yogya, that the body MOESO OF THE LEADER OF THE REBELS OF TIMES THE COUPE IN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl Madiun were cremated, as is known, MOESO WAS CLOSE TO 31 OCTOBER ONOROGO TROOPS SLAIN BY REPUBLICAN.

(F) The Fight in the Republic

The Department of Military Contacts reported that under Republican reports the main body of the corimunistsce troops during fighting in the swamps north of Panawangan tenWesten and on the banks of the river on 28 November Loesi vernichtigd would

Great tournament stadium advertising vootbal Semarang

(G) Board conferentuie in Bandung

Monday and Tuesday to fold a board Bandung conference in which all of the residents and regnten Negara Pasundan participated and attended by the Wali Negara Wiranata Koesoema and Prime Minister Adil Poeradiredja. Among others were at the conference dealt with the measures for peace and order to maintain the practisce implementation of the recently passed by Parliament emergency law on the electoral system in the regencies, the position of divine service ambtenareb, the institutions to support needy and also internal affairs, which the department of interior affairs concern.

(H) of Sultan Koetai on grains

The Government’s steamer “Leonora” was Monday afternoon the Sultan of Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit, accompanied by his wife to Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan to the mast of the Leonora blew the Sultans standard time. The party was a grand reception to Balikpapan in part. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen and motorboats were the reason an escort. A great honor guard of members of the general police of Balikpapan was drafted and all, and many houses were blown diesntwoningen flags. The visit of the Sultan of Koetai and his company is also linked to the inauguration of the cemetery to Balikpapan where many remains of war victims herbegraven.De Sultan and his entourage will return on December 3 to Tenggarong.

(I) Company fired

In  Tuesday night at half past one circumferential Wensday , the office of Government to Plimping Poewaran rubber company, located in the Kadjen.In Pekalongganse onedr attacked by a large bende.Gevuurd was a distance of about 50 meters from the west. The shelling lasted about one hour. The fire was answered by four members of the company’s guard and two Europeans residing there. After the gang had been subtracted, was found at the place from which she had fired a klewang, 30 patterns and about 200 shells of Lee Enfield rifles, Sten guns and Mk95 carabines.

(J) Amok in express train

The express train from Semarang to Batavia Monday has a height advantage Boeginees Djatibarang amok. Resolute action by a fellow sergeant and a corporal of traveling KNIL worse could be prevented. Both soldiers were warned by a Chinese passenger and Gigen immediately take the car there. They faced two Chinese passangiers bathed in blood on the floor of the chariot. while third Chinese passenger was struggling with the ampkmaker, a large format jackknife as a weapon hanteerde.De overneesterden the soldiers running amok maker who his Chinese opponent already seriously wounded in the hand. De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar.” Hd=”After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger . The latter proved onvindbaaar. After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger gesard. The latter proved onvindbaaar. At the station, the Tjihaoergeulis amok maker surrendered to the police. Pasangiers got into the wound a bandage sneiltrein preliminary and were Pegandanbaroe by a Red Cross car and taken to the hospital Soebang charged.

(K) The 120-year RNMA

Bandung 30 November (Aneta)-The committee ‘to commemorate the one hundred twentieth anniversary of the KMA received on behalf HMKoningin Juliana the vogende telegram: Her Majesty Queen Juliana has told me the Bandung to celebrate the 120th birthday of the KMA united out M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen” Hd=’cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A <Breda received the festival committee,” a telegram with the following text: “Your congratulations I have a very high value added. I can assure you that the old traditions will be upheld corporal and the KMA again flourishes “The telegram was signed Colonel Puffrius.

(a) Djawa Timoer Koos Wali Negara; R.T.Ahmad Koesoemonegoro Regent van Banjoewangi. en the illustratie van Regent Banjoewangi and Walinegara Djawa Timur  foto werde genomen tijden de conferentie te Bondowoso.

(b)De terreur

238 INCIDENTEN IN AFGELOPEN WEEK . De dienst voor Legeren contacten meldt, dat in de week van 24 tot en met 30 November in Fedraal gecled in totaal 238 incidenten zijn geregistereerd.Hiervan werden 60 in de onmiddelijke nabijheid van de status-quolijn veroorzaakt door benden die vanuit republikeins gebied opereren. Wederom bleek de terruer  zich hoofdzakelijk te richten tegen de burgerche volking op  hangeigendommen. Van het totale aantal incidenten betroffen 100 beschietingen van kampongs,van ondernemingen,enz, alsmede roofpartijen door geinfltreerde benden. ook brandstichtingen en sabotage-daden werden gemeld. Van de 160 terreurdaden die tegen de bevolking waren gericht waren er niet minder dan 43 moordaanslagen op Indonesische Indonesiers op Federaal gebled.

(c)Wali Negara

Het presidentile systeem ,dat men gekozen heeldt eist von een wali negara de volle mens.de verant woordelik heden en de bevoeg heden welke de Wali Negara bezit, maken dat zonder meer duidelijk. We geloren dat men daarom met de kueze van Raden Toemengoeng Achmad Koesoemonegoro, de regent van Banjoewangi. een gelukke keuze heeft gedaan. Deze Regebnt ,thans wal8 negara, is geen gemakkelijk man.Sommigen vinden hem wat hoekig en want autoritair.

(d)Grote brand in Pekalongan

Door tot dusver onbekende oorzaak is in de afgelopen nacht om ongeveer half twee brand uitgebroken in het centrum van pekalongan. en wel in kampong Bandjarsari,die in hoofzaak bewond wordt door onbemiddelde,kortgeleden geevacuneerde Chineze. 40 huizen in dee As.

(e) Amir en Soeripno gearresteerd

Antara meldt uit Djokja dat de leidr van de communistische opstandelingen Amir sjarioeddin Dinsdag in hel dorp KLamboe 20 km ten Noord-Westen van Poerwodadi, gearresteerd werd. Volgen inlichtingen die Antara te Djokja ontving was Sjarifoeddin op dat ogenblik smaen met Soeripno de voormalige republikeluse vertegenwoordiger te Praag,die eveneens gearresteerd werd.

MOESO GECREMEERD

ANTARA MELDT UIT DJOKJA,DAT HET STOFFELIJK OVERSCHOT VAN MOESO,DE LEIDER VAN DE OPSTANDELINGEN TIJDEN DE COUPE VAN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl TE MADIOEN GECREMEERD WERD,ZOALS BEKEND,WERD MOESO OP 31 OCTOBER NABIJ pONOROGO DOOR REPUBLIKEINSE TROEPEN GEDOOD.

(f) De Strijd in de Republiek

De Dienst voor Legercontacten meldt, dat volgens republikeinse berichten de hoofdmacht van de  corimunistsce troepen tijdens gevechten in de moerassen ten Noorden en tenWesten van Panawangan aan de oevers van de rivier Loesi op 28 November vernichtigd zou zijn

reklame Groot vootbal tournooi stadion Semarang

(g) Bestuur conferentuie te bandoeng

Maandag en Dinsdag voud te Bandoeng een bestuur conferentie plaats waaran alle regnten en residenten van de Negara Pasoendan deelnamen en die werd bijgewoond door de Wali negara Wiranata Koesoema en premier Adil Poeradiredja. Onder meer werden op de conferentie behandeld, de maatregelen om orde en rust te handhaven, de practisce uitvoering van de kortgeleden door het parlement aangenomen noodwet betreffende de  kiesregeling in de regentschappen,de positie van gods dienst ambtenareb,de instellingen tot steun aan hulpbehoevenden en voorts interne aangelegenheden,die het departement van binnenlanden zaken aangaan.

(h) Sultan van Koetai op rels

Met de gouvernements stomer “Leonora” is Maandag middag de Sultan van Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit , o.m. vergezeld door zijn gemalin te Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan de mast van de  de Leonora woei ditmaal de Sultans standaard. Het gezelschap viel te Balikpapan een grootse ontvangst ten deel. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen  en motorboten vormden op de rede een escorte. Een grote erewacht van leden der algemene politie van balikpapan stond opgesteld en van alle diesntwoningen en vele huizen woeien vlaggen. Het bezoek van de sultan van Koetai en zijn gezelschap houdt tevens verband met de plechtige opening van het ereveld te balikpapan waarbij een groot aantal stoffelijke overschotten van oorlogs slachtoffers worden herbegraven.De Sultan en zijn gevolg zal op 3 december naar Tenggarong terugkeren.

(i)Onderneming beschoten

In cde nacht van Dinsdag op QWoensdag omtreeks half twee is het kantoor van de gouvernements rubber onderneming Poewaran te Plimping,gelegen te Kadjen.In het Pekalongganse onedr vuur genomen door een grote bende.Gevuurd werd  van een afstand van ongeveer 50 meter uit Westelijke richting. De beschieting duurde ongeveer een uur. het vuur werd beantwoord door 4 leden van de ondernemingswacht en de twee daar verblijf houdende Europeanen. Nadat de bende afgetrokken was, vond  men op de plaats waar vandaan zij gevuurd had, een klewang,30 patronen en ongeveer 200 hulzen van Lee Enfield geweren, Mk95 karabijnen en stenguns.

(j) Amok in de sneltrein

In de sneltrein van Semarang naar batavia heeft Maandag  een Boeginees teer hoogte van Djatibarang amok gemaakt. Door resoluut ingrijpen van een medereizend sergeant en een korporaal van het KNIL kon erger worden voorkomen. De beide militairen werde door een Chinees passagier gewaarschuwd en gigen dadelijk mee daar de betrokken  wagon. Zij troffen daar twee Chinese passangiers badend in het bloed op de vloer van de wagen aan. terwijl een derde Chinese passagier aan het worstelen was met de ampkmaker,die een groot formaat knipmes als wapen hanteerde.De militairen overneesterden de amokmaker,die zijn Chinese tegenstander reeds ernstig aan de hand had verwond. Na enige tijd bedaarde de amokmaker,die verklaarde dat hij werd gesard door een medepassagier>De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar. Aan het station van Tjihaoergeulis werd de amokmaker aan de politie  overgegeven. De wonde pasangiers kregen in sneiltrein voorlopig een noodverband en werden in Pegandanbaroe door een Rode Kruis-auto overgenomen en naar het hospitaal te Soebang gebracht.

(k) De 120 -jarige KMA

Bandoeng 30 November(Aneta)-Het comite’ ter herdenking van het hondertwintig jarig bestaan van de KMA ontving namens H.M.Koningin Juliana het vogende telegram: Hare Majesteit Koningin Juliana heeft mij opgedragen de Bandoeng ter gelegenheid van de 120ste verjaarig van de K.M.A verenigde out-cadeten Haar dank over te brengen voor de gevoelens in Uw telegram tot uiting gebracht.De adjudant van dienst” Van de gouverneur van de K>M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen heb ik op zeer hoge prijs geteld. Ik kan U de verzekering geven,dat de oude corpstradities zullen worden hoog gehouden en de K.M.A. weer tot bloei komt” Het telegram was getekend Kolonel Puffrius.

December,4th.1948

(a)Vice President Moh Hatta announced that the situation worst(suasana buruk) and he “memepringatkan ” the people to ready for antisipation all will hapen(siap menghadapi segala kemungkinan)(b) The Java local definitif stamps,one with clear CDS 4.12,48 city not identified,

December,7t.1948

The rare official Justice court Maninjau  postal used homenade cover from Maninjau to Bukitttinngi December,8th.1948

the postally used postal stationer card dancer 5 cent ,send from bandung  to  cds Malang. 10,12.48.

December,9th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Surakarta  official governement employee certificate.

December,10th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Jogyakarta  official governement employee  uprank certificate(Keputusan kenaikan pangkat)

the same certificate of up the salary  issued at Magelang (keputusan kenaikan Gaji) with  3 x 7 1/2 Rp and 2 x 1/2 Rp.

mint meterai pembagunan from middle java, and local revenue.

December 11

Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.

December,12tyh.1948

The latest used of local repoeblic Djokja issued  ,borobudur stupa revenue used on complete document.alsoother nominal on document date unclear.

and looh above  the mint revenue ,also the other materai pembangunan (development revenue) in mint condition ,issued at the Djokjakarta.

December,13th,1948

The North sumatra Gouvernor, “melantik” the mamember OF  North sumatra ‘s DPR at Tapak tuan (south aceh,near Kabanjahe). Residen Aceh (T.T.Daudsyah) and  Teuku mnahmud also “hadir”, after the meeting had several”keputusan’ like Kutaradja as the capital of North sumatra Province.

December,17 th,.1948

The Dutch ultimatum Republik through The United Nation  Commission(komisi Jasa baik PBB),Republc must answer in december 18th 1948 10.00 am  at Jakarta.

December 18

(1) The Dutch  at 23.30 PM tell the United nation commision that starting at December,19th.1948 10.00 AM Jkarta Time didnot tied with the Renville Agreement. and at 23.45 this day The Dutch have delivered a letter to Indonesia delegation’s secretary  with the same information, and the delegation informed to the Republuic Indonesia gouverfnment at Djokja but cannot communicated because the Dutch had broken the communikasion(pihak belanda telah memutuskan hubungan antara Jakata dan Djokja). In this nigh the member of Indonesian delegatioan were arrested by the Dutch.

(2)Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.and the ceremony  transfered of power will be in february,2th. 1949

(3) In this night 40 RI military leader were moved  by catalina amphibi RI 006  flight to Sumatra, but when came back to Jogya the flight have “sergap”  by the Dutch ,until broke.

December 18

(a)Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.

(b)at  11.30 PM ,Dr Beel  had annouce that the Dutch Federal state didnot related with renville agreement anymore, which meaning thje second agrattion will starting.

(c) the latest used indonesia 3rd independence stamp on  on sencored  chop postcard.

December 19th.1948

(1)On December,19th.1948 in the morning Dutch soldiers boombing Bukittinggi, the Ducth begun attacked repoeblic Indonesia. at afrternoon Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara,Menteri kemamukarn RI whic stayed at bukittingi from the central gouvernment ,with Colonel Hidaya, The comandenemen comandant TNI Sumatra who just take the command from Mayor General Soehardjo Hardjowardojo, vist Mr T.M.Hassan the chief of central Commisariat at his house at BGarai(valley) Sianok Bukittinggi, for meeting aboutmthe movement against the Dutch army, they didnot know the situation of presieenrt and vice president Repoeblic Indonesia.this day no info from Yogja.Mr Sjafruddin Prawira negara told that in order to save the stae NRI, he accepeted to built PDRI(pemerintah daruata republic Indonesa-emergengy gouvernment RI) and at night ,9.00 PM the NRI official will move out Bukittinggi to Halaban (onderneming or Plantation) near Payakumbuh.

(2)Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. look the illustraion of sukarno.hatta and Haji Agus Salim at Maguwo Airport when the dutch took them to custody in Bangka.

the illustratio of Hotel Manumbing at bangka whete Bung Karno,bung Hatta were exile.

Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.

Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

On 19 December 1948\

 at 05:30 am Maguwo airfield was bombed by the Dutch Mitchell bombers (B 25) is immediately followed by a battalion of troops jumping green beret who was assigned to seize the flying field Maguwo. On the morning of this miraculous Dutch terdfiri aircraft from aircraft Spitfire, Mustang, Lockheed and Mitchell seemed hovering above the city of Djokja which soon opened the attack by shooting at and dropping bombs in several places. In the Netherlands Maguwo menerjunlan payungdengan troops seize field goal Maguwo.penduduk menyhangka city does not at all that it was an explosion and gunfire attacks that actually means, they suspect that the heavy temabakan just war, because war forces the GoI has planned a latihanbesar- besara. semaking intensified after his shots and more bombs being dropped, then people realize. after the victim began to fall. They realize vahw abelanda tealh their attacks. Sekalipunkesatuan in Maguwo too small, yet still provided resistance under the leadership of opsit picket Kasmiran, patriotic resistance which lasted bravely than 06 000 hours (AM) until 7:00 to finally air cadet kasmiran with approximately 40 members of his unit killed on the field of service. However the new field at 08.00 hours seluurh Maguwo successfully controlled by the Dutch, they immediately opened the air bridge to lower Semarang Djokja Engineers heavy equipment and transport equipment for eprsiapan seize Djokja. Meanwhile the relationship anatara base Maguwo Djokja disconnected so the situation can not be known at all by the dreamers who are in town n RI Djokja. Dutch movement from the city Djokja Maguwo dimuali sjak morning and at 14:15 (PM) they arrived on the edge of the east and from here they try to occupy the city. Teridir of their movement and group movement setaip memepunyai groups specific tasks to further isolate the town in order to soldiers of the Republic of Indonesia that will try to get out of town can be prevented.

Dutch troops launch on sat afresi colonial, Great Commander General Sudirman was nearly issued a flash command:

QUICK ORDER NO I/PB/48

1.we  has been attacked

2. On 19 December 1948 the Dutch Armed Forces attacked the Yogyakarta city and the airfield Maguwo

3.The  dutch’s  government  had  cancel truce agreement

4.All  Armed Forces carry out the plan that has been set to face the Dutch attack

Issued in place, on 19 December 1948, jam.08.00

Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic Indonesia

Lieutenant General Sudirman.

Thus flash command Zbesar Commander, thus exercise plan on a large war-bvesaran by the TNI on 19 December 1948 can not be implemented because of the impending attack of the Dutch. Who carried out the TNI since today is perintah siasat Panglima Besar namely organizing Universe diembani Guerrilla warfare by the military Pemerinath.

On this day, since morning, Republican Leader of the Government of yanga da fi palace in Yogya gather and sit under Pimpina President Sukarno. sidangs elesai then my head after da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH, prosperity minister, who was in Sumatra, was given powers by President Sukarno to form an emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI) sui Sumatran, the mandate has been delivered through the radio and reads as follows:

MANDATE OF THE PRESIDENT TO Syafruddin Prawiranegara SH

We inform the President of the Republic of Indonesia on Sunday abhwa jqm 19.12.1948 06.00 am dutch seranggannya has begun on the capital of Yogyakarta. If the state Government can not run again kewajibannnya we depute to Mr. Syafruddin Prawiranegara, Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Prosperity for memebentuk Daruart Republican government in Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 desembver 1948

President Vice President Soekarno Hatta.

In addition to the above mandate issued to the Maramis SH, Minister of Finance who was outside Megeri and dr.Sudarmono in New Delhi as follows.

Prof. Dr. Sudarmono, Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

We are the President of the Republic of Indonesia memebrikan that on Sunday 19.12.1948 at 06.00 am on the Dutch had begun its attack on the capital city of Yogyakarta. If efforts Sjafruddin Butler State Emergency SH to form a government in Sumatra unsuccessful, kapada brothers Exulle Gouvernmen empowered to form the Republic of Indonesia in India. please be advised this is in connection with Sjafruddin in sumatra.jika relationship is not possible, please take the necessary action

Yogjakarta 19 december 1948

Vice President Mohammad Hatta, Agus Salim _Menteri Overseas.

Similarly, the President has expressed amanantnya as follows:

TRUSTEES OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

The beloved nation!

On this day December 19, 1948, at 06.00 am the Netherlands have begun with the attack on the city of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. with this action is evident that Belands tealh again start a colonial war to destroy the Government and the Republic of Indonesia so that they can re-colonize the entire country and the nation of Indonesia. We Setealh berusha months with all sincerity to resolve disputes nBelanda premises are suddenly their memebri not know in advance the appropriate use of a weapon that is on them to do their will with no mengindahkanadanya paksaaan by KTN in Yogyakarta, with no presence memperduluikan ceasefire agreement, they eliminated all possibilities to achieved a peace compromise . We believe , that the entire people of Indonesia and those are areas that are Republican or area occupied by the Dutch in unison will be standing behind a bunch of the republic of Indonesia to oppose any effort and in our mind that there are actions that violate this humanity. We know that the deeds of their weapons, the Dutch may be able to seize and occupy some of the important place, but no way they can break the spirit of our fight or shut = Indonesia’s national independence which we tealh insyafkan and maintain over the years.

We have our independence proclaimed on August 17, 1945 and ntealh pervasive in our souls, it is impossible dapatr suppressed with violence. Let my people, we defend the homeland and our independence with the strength of victory will surely believe in us. Isja gods.

Yogyakarta, 19 December 1948

President of the Republic of Indonesia

Sukarno

indonesian version:

Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 jam 05.30 pagi lapangan terbang Maguwo di bom oleh pesawat pembom Mitchell Belanda(B 25) yang segera diikuti dengan penerjunan satu batalion pasukan baret hijau yang ditugaskan untuk merebut lapang terbang Maguwo. Pada pagi hari ini bebrapa pesawat Belanda yang terdfiri dari pesawat Spitfire,Mustang,Lockheed dan Mitchell tampak melayang-layang diatas kota Djokja yang tak lama kemudian membuka serangan dengan menembaki dan menjatuhkan bom dibeberapa tempat. Di maguwo Belanda menerjunlan pasukan payungdengan tujuan merebut lapangan Maguwo.penduduk kota memang tidak menyhangka sama sekali bahwa ledakan serta tembakan itu adalah serangan serangan yang sesunguhnya, mereka menduga bahwa temabakan berat itu hanyalah latihan perang saja, karena pihak angkatan Perang RI telah merencanakan suatu latihanbesar-besara. setlah tembakan semaking menghebat dan bom semakin banyak yang dijatuhkan,barulah rakyat sadar. setelah korban mulai berjatuhan. Barulah mereka sadar vahw abelanda tealh melancarkan serangannya. Sekalipunkesatuan yang ada di maguwo terlalu kecil,namum perlawanan tetap diberikan di bawah pimpinan opsit piket Kasmiran,perlawan yang patriotik berlangsung dengan gagah berani dari jam 06.000 (AM) sampai 07.00 hingga akhirnya kadet udara kasmiran bersama lebih kurang 40 orang anggota kesatuannya gugur dimedan bakti. namum baru pada jam 08.00 seluruh lapangan maguwo berhasil dikuasai oleh Belanda,segera mereka membuka jembatan udara Semarang Djokja untuk menurunkan alat -alat Zeni berat dan alat transport bagi eprsiapan merebut Djokja. Sementara itu hubungan anatara pangkalan Maguwo Djokja terputus sehingga situasi tersebut tidak dapat diketahui sama sekali oleh pemimpi n RI yang berada dikota Djokja. Gerakan belanda dari maguwo ke kota Djokja dimuali sjak pagi hari dan jam 14.15 (PM) mereka baru tiba ditepi timur dan dari sini mereka berusaha menduduki kota. Gerakan mereka teridir dari gerakan kelompok dan setaip kelompok memepunyai tugas tertentu untuk selanjutnya mengisolir kota agar pasukan Republik Indonesia yang akan berusaha keluar kota dapat dicegah.

pada sat tentara belanda melancarkan afresi kolonialnya, segra Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman mengeluarkan perintah kilat :

PERINTAH KILAT NO I/PB/48

1.kita Telah diserang

2. Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 Angkatan Perang belanda menyerang kota Yogyakarta dan Lapangan terbang Maguwo

3.Pemerintah belanda tealh membatalkan persetujuan gencatan senjata

4.Semua Angkatan Perang menjalankan rencana yang telah ditetapkan untuk menghadapi serangan Belanda

Dikeluarkan di Tempat,Tanggal 19 desember 1948,jam.08.00

Panglima Besar Angkatan Perang republik indonesia

Letnan Jenderal Sudirman.

Demikianlah perintah kilat Panglima Zbesar , dengan demikian rencana Latihan perang secara besar-bvesaran oleh TNI pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 tidak dapat dilaksanakan karena adanya serangan pihak belanda. Yang dilaksanakan TNI sejak hari ini adalah perintahsiasat Pamnglima Bsar yakni menyelenggarakan perang Gerilya Semesta yang diembani oleh Pemerinath militer.

Pada hari ini,sejak pagi Pemimpin Pemerintah Republik yanga da di yogya berkumpul fi istana dan bersidang dibawah pimpina presiden sukarno. sesudah sidangs elesai maka kepa da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH,menteri kemakmuran, yang sedang berada di sumatera ,diberi kekuasaan oleh Presiden Sukarno untuk membentuk Pemerintahan darurat Republik Indonesia(PDRI) sui sumatra, mandat tersebut telah disampaikan melalu radio dan berbunyi sebagai berikut :

MANDAT PRESIDEN KEPADA SYAFRUDDIN PRAWIRANEGARA SH

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memberitahukan abhwa pada hari Minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jqm 06.00 pagi belanda telah muali seranggannya atas ibukota Yogyakarta. Jika dalam keadaan Pemerintah tidak dapat menjalankan kewajibannnya lagi kami menguasakan kepada Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara ,Menteri Kemakmuran Republik Indonesia untuk memebentuk pemerintah Republik Daruart di Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 desembver 1948

Presiden Soekarno Wakil Presiden Hatta.

Selain mengeluarkan mandat tersebut diatas kepada Maramis SH,menteri Keuangan yang sedang berada diluar Megeri dan dr.Sudarmono di new Delhi sebagai berikut.

Prof. Dr Sudarmono,Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memebrikan bahwa pada hari minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jam 06.00 pagi Belanda telah mulai serangannya atas Ibu Kota Yogjakarta. Jika ikhtiar Sjafruddin Prawira Negara SH untuk membentuk Pemerintah Darurat di sumatra tidak berhasil, kapada saudara-saudara dikuasakan untuk membentuk Exulle Gouvernmen Republik Indonesia di India. harap maklum hal ini berhubung dengan Sjafruddin di sumatra.jika hubungan tidak mungkin,harap diambil tindakan seperlunya

Yogjakarta 19 desember 1948

Wakil Presiden Moh Hatta _Menteri Luar negeri Agus Salim.

Demikian pula Presiden RI telah menyampaikan amanantnya sebagai berikut:

AMANAT PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

Bangsaku Yang tercinta !!!

Pada hari ini tanggal 19 Desember 1948,pada jam 06.00 pagi Belanda telah mulai dengan serangan atas kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya . dengan tindakan ini nyata bahwa Belands tealh memuali lagi perang kolonialnya untuk menghancurkan Pemerintah dan negara Republik Indonesia agar mereka dapat menjajah kembali seluruh tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia. Setelah kita berbulan-bulan berusaha dengan segala ketulusan hati untuk menyelesaikan pertikaian denga nBelanda secara sekonyong-konyong mereka dengan tidak memebri tahu lebih dahulu mempergunakan alat senjata yang ada pada mereka untuk melakukan kehendak mereka dengan paksaaan dengan tidak mengindahkanadanya KTN di Yogyakarta, dengan tidak memperduluikan adanya perjanjian gencatan senjata, mereka telah meniadakan segala kemungkinan untuk mencapai penyeledsaian secara damaui. Kami eprcaya,bahwa seluruh rakyat Indonesia maupun yang berada didaerah Republik ataupun yang berada didaerah yang diduduki Belanda serentak akan berdiri dibelakang republik Indonesia untuk menentang sengan segala tenaga dan batin yang ada pada kita tindakan yang melanggar    perikemanusiaan ini. Kami mengetahui,bahwa dengan perbuatan senjata mereka, belanda mungkin akan dapat merebut dan menduduki beberapa tempat yang penting, akan tetapi tidak mungkin mereka dapat mematahkan semangat perjuangan kita atau mengurung =kan kemerdekaaan bangsa Indonesia yang tealh kita insyafkan dan pertahankan selama ini.

Kemerdekaan kita yang telah kita Proklamirkan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 dan telah meresap pada jiwa kita,mustahil dapatr ditindas dengan kekerasan. Marilah bangsaku,kita pertahankan tanah air dan kemerdekaan kita dengan segala tenaga yang ada percayalah kemenangan pasti akan pada kita .Isja allah.

Yogyakarta,19 desember 1948

Presiden republik Indonesia

Sukarno

(d) DECEMBER, 19TH.1948

 Master Tapanuli IN THE NETHERLANDS

DUTCH TO AGGRESSION – II

1) The Netherlands carried out the attack to Sibolga both from the Sea, Army and Air Sibolga and eventually fell into the hands of the Dutch Army, with the entry into the Dutch Army Dutch Army menghempang Sibolga for the MAS KADIRAN with MBK Tapanuli Forces based in Padang Sidempuan leading to the Bridge Trunk Toru, The Netherlands Army continued to advance to the Padang Sidempuan but in Batang Toru Bridge in the Dutch Army Forces Prevent by MBK, then there was a very fierce battle, with the assistance of the Dutch Army aircraft may eventually repelling forces MBK Tapanuli to P. Sidempuan.

2) After the Batang Toru grab the next in the Japanese Army bombed the city with two P. Sidempuan Force Aircraft and MAS Chairman MBK Tapanuli KADIRAN on the pull back to Penyabungan and some survive in Kampung Pijor Koling battle in Pijor Koling loss Padang Besar and finally Sidempuan fall into the hands of the Dutch Army.

 ASSAULT regained SIDEMPUAN PADANG CITY

With the fall of the City of P. Sidempuan into the hands of the Dutch Army in Kampung Goti Defense held talks back to seize the city of Padang Sidempuan. So-I MMB Forces SUMATRA Forces Leadership and MBK Iptu Ibn Tapanuli KADIRAN and MAS Chairman Brigade FORCES CAPTAIN ROBINSON-B Leader Battle Hutapea held for 3 days in the City of P. Sidempuan and eventually can reclaim. After the city can seize P. Sidempuan Japanese Army retreated to the Batang Toru, but only 6 hours in control suddenly appear 2 Aircraft fired the city and attack back P. Sidempuan is getting help from Sibolga and ultimately the City P. Sidempuan can Movement controlled by another Dutch soldier in the Netherlands can no longer stand MBK Forces Tapanuli and MBB-I Sumatera and brigade-B Company and the Indonesian Navy continues to retreat from the village of Goti – Pijor Koling – Door to Kampung Padang Huraba and survive in the Village and Village Huraba Huraba called by FORT HURABA

(e)The Rice Coupon(Bon Beras0 Of The South sumatar republic gouvernment issue under orde GSS 19.12.48, the value of coupon 5 kg rice. ,sign by the command Colonel M.simbolon, look the coupon and  profile picture of Colonel M.Simbolon below.

December 20

(1)Army executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.

(2) Warna Warta Middle Java Newspaper info;

(a) Pembesar Republik Yang Ditahan

Pada hari minggu tanggal 19 Desember yang lalau ,waktu Tentara Kerajaan menduduki seluruh kota Djokjakarta, maka beberapa pembesar Republik terkemukapun telah ditahan. Mereka itu ialah Presiden sukarno,Wakil Presiden drs Moh.hatta,menteri Luar negeri Haji agus salim, Komodor  udara Suryadarma,Penasehat Presiden Sutan sjahrir, sekretaris negara Mr. Pringgodigdo dan beberapa anggota KNIP dianataranya ketuanya Mr Asaat. Waktu keesokan harinya telah ditawan ketua delegasi Republuik Mr.Moh.Roem, penasehat delegai Dr Setiabudi dan meneteri Penerangan Moh.Natsir. Dilain bagian ada dimuat gambarnya Prsediden sukarno dan pemebesar lainnya .didepan Keprseidenan Djokjakarta,bersama seorang opsir belanda.

Illustrasi pembesar republik yang telah ditawan di Djokja 19 Desember 1948.

(b) Gerakan Tenatara Di Jawa dapat dikatakan selesai ,kota-kota terpenting diduduki,

Pada hari minggu tanggal 19 Desember yang lalu jam 3 lohor(PM), seluruh kota Djokjakarta telah diduduki Tentara Kerajaan , keesokan harinya menduduki Kaliurang dan lain-lain tempat disekitar Djokja. Gerakan pembersihan yang dilakukan dilain jurusanpun berlangsung lancar. secara singkat disini dapat disebutkan nama tempat yang penting saja diberbagai daerah yang sudah diduduki.

Di Jawa Tengah,selainya Djokja dan kaliurang, Lali,Solo,Klaten,Wonogiri dan Sragen. didaerah Kedu tealh diduduki Parakan,Temanggung,Wonosobo dan magelang. Didaerah pantai mutara pulau jawa telah diduduki Pati,Kudus,Rembnag,Purwodadi,juana,Japara,Cepu,Bojonegoro,Tuban, Babat dan Blora. Dibagain selatan barat dari jawa Tengah ,dapat disebut beberapa tempat Banjarnegara,Kebumen dan Purworejo. dijawa Timur telah diduduki Wlingi,Turen,Dampit,Kepanjen,blitar,Kediri,Magetan,Ngawi,Madiun dan Plossso. Daerah banten telah diduduki setalh berlangsung gerakan tjepat sekali, Serang,djasinga,Pandegelang, rangkasbitung,Baja,Labuan dan Menes.

Di Sumatera beberapa tempat pun berturut-tururt telah dibebaskan , Bagan siapi-api,Asahan,Bukittinggi,Tandjung panjang,Rantau Prapat,Balige,Kota Pinang,Pajakumbuh,Sibolga, sidikalang dan fort van der Capellen(Batusangkar).(catatan Dr iwan : Tarutung belum diduduki)

Umumnya gerakan tentara di jawa sudah selesai, ditempat yang ditilik Tnetara Kerajaan sekarang diambil tindakan buat mengamankan keadaan, supaya daerah itu lekas mengambil bagian dalam usaha pembanguna kemakmuran seluruh Indonesia.

(c)Susuhunan dan Mangkunegara kerjasama dengan Pemerintah federal Indonesia

Paduka yang bijaksana Kangjeng Susuhunan Surakarta dan P.K. Pangeran Mangkunegoro dengan mengadakan kerja sama yang rapat dengan pembesar militer dan sipil dari Pemerintahan Federaal Indonesia Sementara, yang baru-baru ini ditempatkan di Solo, telah memulai kembali mengambil pemerintahan atas Kesunanan dan mangkunegaran. keputusan yang bijaksana itu rtentu akan membantu berlangsungnya pemerintahan yang teratur dengan selekas mungkin.karena ityu, maka pembagian bahan pakaian akan segera dapt dimulai, dan tindakan yang meringankan penderitaan rakyat di Kasunanan dan Mangkuneraran akan diambil juga.

(d)Sabda Sri Baginda Ratu Juliana

 Sri Baginda Ratu Juliana menunaikan sabda Ibu Suri pada tanggal 7 Desember 1942 pada rakyat Indonesia. sri Baginda Ratu Nederland yang sekarang telah mngesahkan anggaran dasar kerajaan belanda yang kini mewujudkan Negara Indonesia Serikat yang merdeka dan berdaulat. Tentara kerajaan datang membawa keamanan dan ketertiban untuk memungkinkan penyelenggaraan Sabda Ibu Suri.

illustrasi mahkota kerajaan belanda sejak 8 September diserahkan kepada Puteri Juliana oleh ibundanya,pada gambar ini seri baginda ratu juliana bersama prins Bernhard.

(e) Illustrasi Rombongan pasukaaan Belanda masuk kota Solo dilihat oleh Rakyat.

(f)Larangan Menyimpan Senjata

Kepada segenap penduduk dipermaklumkan peraturan militer dibawah ini,yang belaku untuk seluruh dadesrah Jawa Tengah: “Menurut peraturan dari Pemimpin Daerah serta Tentara Jawa Tengah,semua orang yang tiada berhak terdapat mempunyai senjata api,mesiu, barang yang mudah meledak, dan barang peledak, ada kemungkinan ditembak mati pada tempatnya,tiada pakai pemeriksaan pengadilan lagi.

JUstinus Kardinal Darmojuwono in 1 78 write what his happen this day(terakhir uskup Agung-kardinal Jakarta)

Fhari minggu pagi sbelum Natal 1948 saya naik sepeda dari tempat kediaman sauya di Ganjuran menuju Bantul untuk menuniakan tugas pengembalaan. Saya agak heran mendengar suara keapal terbang dari arah selatan dan setelah melihat beberapa kapal terbang besar, saya yakin bahwa kapal terbang tersebut bukan milik Republik Indonesia, apalagi sesudah bewberapa waktu terdengar ledakan-ledakan bom yang cukup mendebarkan hai. Sampai di tempat, ternyata orang-orang mula verkumpul.Sebelum dan sesudah upacara gereja saat berbicara mereka menyatakan bahwa sedang diadakan latihan oleh Angkatan Udara dan Angkatan darat Republik Indonesia di Maguwo dan Yogjakarta. Mereka saya biarkan dalam pandangannya, saya sengaja tidak membantah mereka,karena memamng tidak tahu benar,tetapi dalam hati tidak percaya akan kebenaran pendapat mereka. Muali tengah hari, mengalir rombongan demi rombongan pengungsi dari Yogjakarta dengan barang-barangnya ke arah Selatan. Kemana? tempat saudara,kenalan? Kebanyakan tanpa mengertti secara pasti,mau kemana? Ternyata,kota Yogjakarta diduduki oleh tentara Belanda. Suasana mencekam rakyat. Rasa ketakutan,binggung,khawatit, seolah-olah setiap saat akan ada serbuan atau serangan dari pihak musuh. Dalam waktu dua tiga harimsudah terdengar perintah membungi hanguskan 2 pabrik gula dan gedung=gedung bangunan yang dapat fipergunakan pihak tentara Belanda sebagai markas dan sekaligus uang ORI tidak berlaku lagi.

December 22

(1)Nasution declares military government for Java.

92) On December,22th,1948 the PDRI Cabinet were built with the Java Commisariat.

UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.

19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.

Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.

USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.

December 23th.1948

Informasi from Justinus Kardinal Darmojuwono (ex kardinal Jakarta)

December 23th.1948

(a)On December 23, 1948, the Dutch warship fired on defense TNI / AD in Solok Kampung Tanjung Sea Muara Sabak subdistrict jambi . In this battle of teachers from the Army / Army Private Joseph and Private Amat. After the shootings in the Tanjung melakuakn Solok, Dutch troops landed in the village of the sea, while the soldiers landing, one of Sea Village community named santung attacking Dutch troops alone and can hurt one Dutch soldier and santung dibrondong automatic weapons and killed the scene.

 Placement Forces For Guerrilla War

Bataliyon Jambi led by Major A. Marzuki prepare the transfer of command from the base of Coconut Gardens Edinburgh City to Km 15 jalam Tempino, Rubber plantation sites Cottage Table (5 km from the highway)
Bataliyon Merangin led by Lieutenant Colonel Aaron Sohar is located in Muara Tembesi, placing his army consisting of:
In Kuala Tungkal placed a section of the Army by Lt. Commander A. Young Fattah Leside and one Detachment Commander Lieutenant CPM with Syamsul Bakhri Young and his deputy Sergeant Major A. Murad Alwi, in addition there is a unity with the Navy Commander, Sergeant Major. T. Anwar Shah

(b)Information from Justinus Cardinal Darmojuwono (ex cardinal Jakarta)

According to the schedule three days before Christmas, I still have to visit the Catholics in Brosot, Kulon Progo and I was scared too. I came home with 12 kg of rice free ride in the sack pillow, because I know that the hospital and the orphanage where I dwell / lodgings, food supplies running low sekalai. On the way home I saw clouds of smoke that floated to the top of the sugar mills Gisikan, 3 km from Ganjurab, and each followed by a thrilling blast. Home until the sugar factory was situated alongside Ganjuran Ruamh sick (hospital) has not been on earth hanguskan.masih in discussion.

December 24

UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December, 25th.1945

Information from JUstis Cardinal atmoyuwono:

Christmas day is celebrated as usual at midnight, I had never witnessed such celebration on the night ini.Gereja sekhidmat crowded, is not large, sesuana really touching, lighting of the candles are still available and kerosene lamps as far persediaaan permit. Christmas songs, which they had memorized, soar with the roundness of prayer, please safe from harm, which would come, but erratic. In light of the faint-crush coincide, if they unite seoalah BODY, BREATH, AND SOUL TOGETHER FOR SAFETY SAKE PRAY TOGETHER, A dilupakan.JIka memories are not easily remembered again, it’s palpable sense of concern, serene, thanks, oddly has been freed from feeling horrified, just compassion.

December 26th.1948

Justinus Cardinal atmoyuwono information from:

The next day the 26th of december, earth scorching the sugar mills with a fire in a haystack that has been placed on building the factory. really horrible. In general, tile roofed buildings that can not be burned to the ground, only that they call “scale, place of residence of the head of the factory, burned out, because the roof is made of shingle.

December, 27th.1948

Info from Justinus:

The next day halted early in the morning (early morning) while the fire still burning here and there, or at least smoldering, berdatabngan thousands of people, continuous, men, women, young people, children from all directions towards the mill that has been scorching the earth. The target of their sugar warehouse. They broke the door of the barn and took the sugar that is stored there. Some are carrying sacks of sugar carried satyu berdua.kenayakan with other tools, because it was too heavy to carry one bag at a time. who came running, which went with hasty steps. So many days to fill out the warehouse. Local authorities are powerless to set aside part of inventory. (Genesis sma according to a story that Mrs. Dr. Iwan, with an arsenal of the former ex-Japan, earth lift oleg Kongsi People in the back ground, nausea, left muala Gurka, the events of 1945-1946, later banned by tentra gurka ally, one day a folk terdengar4 temabkan who jumped on the fence kalikecil yard shot and fell dead house, look at the picture house in 1948 below)

In such circumstances, an accident would occur, and some even to death because of one sack of sugar falling yangb terjatuh.terus buried without any help. All search purposes pribadi.Sesudah sugar runs out, they began to empty space in the factory buildings: tables, chairs, scales and not ektinggalan doors, windows, boards of the remaining buildings, zinc. day and night the sound of demolition or zinc roofs, roof trusses, all disassembled, transported and finally dismantled so that the marble klantai penulutabn few days after the fire, the sugar mills have shown the ruins of a sad face. People mengalihakan term scorched Earth to earth lift.

After starting at the city of Yogyakarta was occupied and refugee flows, nuns Pimpina Hospitals and orphanage difficulties which are difficult to be solved is about food. ORI money is no longer acceptable by the public as a means of exchange, will dignati guilders mereka.Memang said patient is not much, but increasingly more patients victims of attacks, both from a layer of ordinary people and soldiers

original version:

Menurut jadwal tiga hari sebelum Natal,saya masih harus mengunjungi umat katolik di Brosot,Kulon Progo dan saya ketakutan juga. Saya pulang dengan membonceng beras 12 kg dalam karung bantal, sebab saya tahu bahwa Rumah sakit dan Panti asuhan dimana saya diam/mondok, persediaan makanan menipis sekalai. Pada perjalanan pulang saya saksikan kepulan asap yang mengalun ke atas dari arah pabrik gula Gisikan,3 km dari Ganjurab, dan masing diikuti ledakan yang mendebarkan. Sampai dirumah ternyata pabrik gula Ganjuran yang letaknya berdampingan dengan Ruamh sakit(hospital) belum dibumi hanguskan.masih dalam pembicaraaan.

December 24

UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December,25th.1945

Information from JUstis Kardinal atmoyuwono:

hari raya Natal dirayakan seperti biasa pada tengah malam, belum pernah saya menyaksikan perayaaan sekhidmat seperti pada malam ini.Gereja penuh sesak, memang tidak besar,sesuana mengharukan sungguh,penerangan dari lilin-lilin yang masih tersedia dan lampu minyak tanah sejauh persediaaan mengizinkan. Nyanyian Natal, yang mereka sudah hafal,melambung dengan kebulatan doa, mohon selamat dari bahaya, yang tentu datang,tetapi tidak menentu. Dalam terang samar-samar berhimpit-himpitan,seoalah-olah mereka mempersatukan bADAN,NAPAS, DAN JIWA UNTUK BERSAMA-SAMA BERDOA DEMI KESELAMATAN BERSAMA, Suatu kenangan yang tidak mudah dilupakan.JIka dikenang kembali,rasanya diraba rasa prihatin,syahdu,syukur,anehnya sudah terlepas dari rasa tercekam,tinggal keharuan.

December 26th.1948

informasi dari Justinus Kardinal atmoyuwono:

hari berikutnya tanggal 26 desember,pabrik gula dibumi hanguskan dengan menyulut api pada tumpukan jerami yang sudah ditempatkan di gedung pabrik. mengerikan sungguh. Pada umumnya gedung gedung yang beratapkan genteng tidak dapat terbakar habis, hanya yang mereka namakan “besaran , tempat kediaman pimpinan pabrik,terbakar habis, karena atap dibuat dari sirap.

December ,27th.1948

Info from Justinus:

hari berikutnya muali pagi-pagi buta (early morning) selagi api disana-sini masih menyala, atau sekurang-kurangnya masih membara,berdatabngan ribuan orang, terus menerus,laki-laki,perempuan,muda mudi,anak kecil dari segala jurusan menuju ke pabrik yang sudah dibumi hanguskan. Yang menjadi sasaran mereka gudang gula. Mereka mendobrak pintu gudang dan mengambil gula yang disimpan disitu. Ada yang membawa satyu karung gula dipikul berdua.kenayakan dengan alat-alat lain, sebab terlalu berat untuk membawa satu karung sekaligus. yang datang berlarian, yang pergi dengan langkah tergesa-gesa. Demikian berhari-hari hingga isi gudang habis. Pemerintah setempat tidak berdaya untuk menyisihkan sebagian persediaan. (Kejadian yang sma menurut cerita Ibu Dr Iwan, dengan gudang bekas eks Jepang, dibumi angkat oleg Rakyat di belakang tanah Kongsi, mual-muala dibiarkan Gurka,kejadian tahun 1945-1946, kemudian dilarang oleh tentra gurka sekutu, suatu hari terdengar4 temabkan seorang rakyat yang meloncat di pagar rumah kalikecil tertembak dan jatuh meninggal dihalaman rumah,lihat gambar rumah tersebut tahun 1948 dibawah ini)

Dalam keadaan semacam itu,tentu terjadi suatu kecelakaan,bahkan ada yang sampai meninggal karena tertimpa satu karung gula yangb terjatuh.terus tertimbun tanpa ada pertolongan. Semua mencari keperluan pribadi.Sesudah gula habis,mulai mereka mengosongkan ruang di gedung pabrik: meja,kursi,timbangan dan tidak ektinggalan pintu,jendela,papan dari sisa bangunan,seng. siang malam terdengar suara pembongkaran atap atau seng,kerangka atap, semua dibongkar,diangkut dan akhirnya marmer klantai dibongkar sehingga beberapa hari sesudah penulutabn api, pabrik gula tersebut sudah memperlihatkan wajah reruntuhan yang menyedihkan. Orang mengalihakan istilah Bumi hangus kepada bumi angkat.

Sesudah mulai saat kota Yogya diduduki dan mengalir pengungsi,suster pimpina Rumah sakit dan Panti asuhan mengalami kesulitan yang sukar dipecahkan ialah soal bahan makanan. Uang ORI tidak diterima lagi oleh umum sebagai alat tukar, akan dignati gulden kata mereka.Memang pasien tidak banyak,tetapi makin hari makin tambah pasien korban serangan,baik dari lapisan rakyat biasa maupun dari tentara.

 

December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java.

December 1Amir Sjarifudddin captured.December 11Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.December 18Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.December 18Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.December 19Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.December 20AArmy executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java. Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

soekarno 1948

Sukarno 1948  – Born in 1901 in Surabaya. First President of Indonesia. Architect. Genius. Womanizer

December,19th.1948

Civil government of republic Indonesia , including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka.

Sukarno and Foreign Minister Agus Salim in Dutch custody, 1949.

On 19 December 1948, to take advantage of the Republic’s weak position following the communist rebellion, the Dutch launched Operatie Kraai, a second military invasion designed to crush the Republic once and for all. The invasion was initiated with an airborne assault on Republican capital Yogyakarta. Sukarno ordered the armed forces under Sudirman to launch guerilla campaign in the countryside, while he and other key leaders such as Hatta and Sjahrir allowed themselves to be taken prisoner by the Dutch. To ensure continuity of government, Sukarno sent a telegram to Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, providing him the mandate to lead an Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI), based on the unoccupied hinterlands of West Sumatera, a position he kept until Sukarno was released on June 1949. The Dutch sent Sukarno and other captured Republican leaders to captivity in Prapat, in Dutch-occupied part of North Sumatera and later to the island of Bangka

December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.

December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

January 1950

  January 23Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.January 29 Soedirman dies.  

February 1950

  February 9Pasundan government dissolves itself.February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.  

March 1950

  March 9Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.March 13Rupiah is devalued by one-half.March 31 Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM).  

April 1950

  April 4Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.April 5Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.April 18RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.April 25 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.  

May 1950

  East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.  

June 1950

  June 4 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).  

July 1950

  Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded. As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

August 1950

  17 August New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

January 1948

  January 17Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.January 21Dutch found “Negara Madura” government on Madura.January 23Sjarifuddin resigns as Prime Minister; the “Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” parties go into opposition.Sukarno appoints Hatta to head an emergency cabinet answerable to President.Dutch organize “Daerah Banjar” government on Kalimantan. Republican forces under Hasan Basry continue fighting from the countryside. The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.The PNI, Masyumi, and Tan Malaka all opposed the Renville agreement.

February 1948

  Sjahrir forms PSI (Partai Sosialis Indonesia), supports Sukarno.”Left Wing” under Amir Sjarifuddin renames itself People’s Democratic Front (Front Demokrasi Rakyat). Sjarifuddin criticizes the Renville agreement.Col. Nasution leads Siliwangi division out of West Java to Central Java. The Dutch blockaded the areas under control of the Republic of Indonesia around this time, causing shortages of food and medicine.
Provisional 50 Rupiah note for “Daerah Banten”, Republik Indonesia, 1948.

March 1948

  March 9 Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution. By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever. His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule.

April 1948

  April 24 Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java.  

May 1948

  Kartosuwirjo proclaims himself Imam of Negara Islam Indonesia, or “Darul Islam”, an Islamic state rebelling against both Dutch and the Republic. His followers begin setting up local administrations in West Java.  

July 1948

  July 8 Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia.  

August 1948

  August 11Musso, former PKI leader from the 1920s, arrives in Yogya after spending twelve years in the Soviet Union. Sjarifuddin announces that he has been an underground member of PKI. PKI sponsors strikes and demonstrations.Hatta, with little money to pay troops, begins demobilizing some TNI (army) units.  

September 1948

  PKI gains recruits from PDF; new Politburo includes Aidit, Lukman and Njoto.Republican Government releases Tan Malaka from custody as a counter to PKI influence.September 5Musso gives speech advocating that Indonesia align itself with the Soviet Union.September 17Siliwangi division drives PKI out of Surakarta; PKI retreats to Madiun.September 18PKI attempts a coup in Madiun; kills pro-government officers there.September 19PKI figures in Yogya arrested; Sukarno denounces the Madiun coup; Musso replies that he will fight; popular opinion sides with Sukarno.September 30 Siliwangi division recaptures Madiun. PKI abandons Madiun, pursued by army. Aidit and Lukman leave for China. The “Madiun incident” was the second time the PKI made an unsuccessful, poorly-planned revolt. The first was against the Dutch in 1926-7; the last was in 1965.The events at Madiun changed the opinion of United States diplomats toward the new Republic. Formerly suspicious, the USA now saw Indonesia as a potential ally against Communism.

October 1948

  Pro-government Tan Malaka followers create Murba Party. Tan Malaka is arrested again.October 11Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.October 31 Musso killed while attempting to escape arrest.  

November 1948

  November 26Dutch create state of Jawa Timur in occupied areas of East Java.Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”.   (Map: December 1948)

December 1948

  December 1Amir Sjarifudddin captured.December 11Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.December 18Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.December 18Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.December 19Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.December 20Army executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java. Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

January 1950

  January 23Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.January 29 Soedirman dies.  

February 1950

  February 9Pasundan government dissolves itself.February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.  

March 1950

  March 9Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.March 13Rupiah is devalued by one-half.March 31 Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM).  

April 1950

  April 4Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.April 5Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.April 18RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.April 25 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.  

May 1950

  East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.  

June 1950

  June 4 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).  

July 1950

  Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded. As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

August 1950

  17 August New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011