Category Archives: idonesia independen revolusion and war

Driwan private issued CD-ROM:”The Indonesia Independence Revolution and War Collections 1945-1950

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR 1945-1950

Based On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collection

                   

                             

                              CREATED BY Dr IWAN S

                                                                      

                                Limited edition 100 expls

        Private Publication Special for Collectors member

                                     Jakarta,2012                                                                                   

@copyright Dr Iwan S ,201hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR WAR 1945-1950

Edisi Terbatas 100 eksp

Publikasi Pribadi Khusus untuk Kolektor postal Histori

Penulis : Dr Iwan S

Editor  : Anton J.S.

Penyunting : Lily W.

Photographer : Albert SDO & INDRA SANUSI

NAMA PEMILIK: Dr Iwan S

NO. PERCOBAAN 001

@Copyright Dr Iwan S 2011

 

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

Copyright @ Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL ,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.in CD_ROM

INTRODUCTION

PREFACE-PENGANTAR

1.The Situation of Indonesia Indepennce Revolution and war  1945-195o, many written by  local and overseas writers , but based on factual information from a collection of documents and personal items have not been many posts that were written by authors from Indonesia by using the Indonesian language and Britain, this is because not many people Indonesia, which has documents and objects that heading, generally in Indonesia  were burned out or destroyed when displaced, and at the end broken from floods. Generally when the result of the political situation during the Indonesian Independence Revolution and War  1945-195o in general people are very afraid to keep personal records related to war that could become evidence of their involvement as kolaburator Dutch Nica or republic  soldiers and troops fighter  will accuse they spy from each side in their area   with the consequent adverse to the document or collections owner.

  Situasi revolusi dan Perang Kemerdeaan Indonesia  1945-1950,sudah banyak ditulis oleh  penulis dalam dan luar luar negeri, tetapi yang berdasarkan informasi factual dari koleksi dokumen and benda pos pribadi belum banyak yang ditulis oleh pengarang dari Indonesia dengan mengunakan bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Ingris, hal ini karena tidak banyak bangsa Indonesia yang memiliki dokumen-dokumen and benda pos tersebut ,umumnya  habis dibakar atau musnah saat mengungsi ,dan paling akhir rusak akibat banjir. Umumnya saat tersebut akibat situasi politis saat perang  kemerdekaan Indonesia  1945-1950 ,pada umumnya rakyat Indonesia sangat takut menyimpan arsip pribadi terkait perang tersebut  yang dapat menjadi bukti mereka terlibat sebagai kolaburator tentara  Belanda Nica atau  dan pasukan Repoeblik Indonesia , Tentara Belanda Nica atau Tentara repoeblik Indonesia   akan menuduh mereka mata-mata   dengan akibat yang  merugikan sipemilik.

2.One of a rare republic Indonesia Sumatra   postalcard   one year Indonesian Independence have found by the writers at  Bukittinggi in 1985, and this rare collections had gave the motivation to write the special book for Indonesian,Japan and Dutch  postal history collectors and another collectors from all over the world. Please look that cover illustration below.

Salah satu koleksi langka kartu pos pos Sumatra peringatan satu tahun merdeka  yang ditemui oleh penulis di Bukittinggi tahun 1985 , dan koleksi langka ini  memberikan motivasi untuk menulis suatu buku khusus untuk kolektor phillatelis di Indonesia,Jepang dan Belanda  serta kolektor  lainnya.dari seluruh dunia.

3.After Indonesian Independence revolution and war finish and Indonesia became  the unity Republic Indonesia in 1950 , many stamp and postal history collectors Collected     the collection as the factual fact of history, one of the Dutch biggest collector Mr Vrijdag  asking Mr V.Esbensen to made the catalogue of his very amazing collections.and some of my collection also be the based ,mr V.Esbensen told me what you are doing will be the great collections if your country became development country.    In 1985, Mr PR Bulterman     from dutch visit me in Padang,when he look at my collections he told me how amazing that collections, he want to bought because some of the collectionnhe never seen before , but I did not want to sell to him, but in 1988 I sold several collections To Mr Karel from Jakarta Indonesia because  I need fund to move and study to Jakarta,  but the illustration of collections I still have,and after that in 1994 I am starting to collect again until now, the biggest colletion will be the based on this book including postal history stamp and revenue, numismatic ,document and picture collections       

 

  Setelah Kemerdekaan Indonesia revolusi dan perang selesai dan Indonesia menjadi kesatuan Republik Indonesia pada tahun 1950, banyak cap pos dan kolektor sejarah Dikumpulkan koleksi sebagai kenyataan faktual sejarah, salah satu yang terbesar kolektor Mr Belanda Vrijdag meminta Mr V. Esbensen untuk dibuat katalog dari collections.and nya sangat menakjubkan beberapa koleksi saya juga berdasarkan, mr V. Esbensen mengatakan kepada saya apa yang Anda lakukan akan menjadi koleksi besar jika negara anda menjadi negara pembangunan.Pada tahun 1985, Bapak PR Bulterman dari belanda mengunjungi saya di Padang, ketika ia melihat koleksi saya dia mengatakan saya bagaimana menakjubkan yang koleksi, dia ingin membeli karena beberapa collectionnhe tidak pernah terlihat sebelumnya, tetapi saya tidak ingin menjual kepadanya, namun pada tahun 1988 saya menjual beberapa koleksi untuk Bapak Karel dari Jakarta Indonesia karena saya membutuhkan dana untuk bergerak dan studi ke Jakarta, namun ilustrasi koleksi saya masih punya, dan setelah itu pada tahun 1994 saya mulai mengumpulkan lagi sampai sekarang, colletion terbesar akan didasarkan pada buku ini termasuk sejarah perangko pos dan pendapatan, numismatik, dokumen dan koleksi gambar        .                               

  

 

 

                              

4.In 2009 I am starting to write a simple story and add in my internet blog with the same name with historic  chronolic ,many comment and asked me to edit this simple story with more interesting style and illustrated with more professional photography..

 Tahun 2009 penulis memulai suatu tulisan sederhana sebagai pecobaan, di tampilkan dalam suatu blog internet dengan nama yang sama dengan penampilan kronologis historis, banyak tanggapan dan saran agar penulis mengedit dan menyusun tulisan yang lebih sederhan dengan gaya ,cerita yang lebih menarik dilengkapi illustrasi koleksi yang tehnik fotografi yang canggih.

5.The professional writing starting in June 2010 until august  2012 ,with more professional proposal help by the professional team editor,layout and photography, as the firs issue in Private productions limited 100 expl in CR-Rom.

Penulisan dimulai bulan Juni 2011 sampai Augustus 2012  dengan rencana yang lebih matang dibantu oleh suatu tim editor,layout dan,photography ,sebagai penerbitan pertama secara pribadi akan di terbitkan edisi terbatas  100 eksemplar dalam CR-ROM

6.I know that this book have many lack of information and written technologically , that is why I need more comment and corrections to made this book more complete and more best performance in the future.

Penulis menyadari buku ini masih banyak kekurangan dan kekeliruan sehingga diharapkan koreksi ,saran dan tambahan informasi agar dapat disempurnakan.

8.Thanks very much to all my friends for their comment that made this book created as the proposal on time, and will lauching in order to celebrate  the67th Indonesia Indepedence day August 17thth 2012 may be  at International Phillatelic Exhibition Indonesia 20122  at June 2012 , I am sorry I cannot listed the name of my friends here.without then this book cannot write in good and interesting, also takns very much to my collectors who visit my three internet Web Blog site

hhtp://www. unqiecollections.wordpress.com ,  hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com.  hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada teman-teman yang telah memberikan komentar dan saran sehingga penerbitan buku ini dapat terlaksana sesuai rencana, akan di luncurkan dalam rangka  hari kemerdekaan Indonesia  ke 67 ,17 Agustus  2012, mungkin diluncurkan saat pameran filateli International Indonesia 2012 bulan juni 2012 , karena berbagai hal nama-nama teman-teman tersebut belum dpat di sebut satu-persatu, tanpa mereka karya tulis ini tidak mungkin dapatDitulis dengan baik dan menarik. Juga terima kasih kepada para kolektor setia dari blog saya di Internet.

Jakarta  April 2011

The writer/Penulis

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE Dr IWAN MASTERPICE INDONESIA INDEPENDECE REVOLUTION AND WAR GEMS COLLECTIONS

This collection never show before,the special art illustration by Albert Suwandy,STGea only on the LUX CD_ROM,special for premium member,only limited edition 100 CD_ROM,subscribe fast via comment

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com.

Starting in 1970 until 1990, Indonesia’s economic situation improved and thrived which made government was able to build government buildings ranging from Government office, the mayor’s office, post office, the Office of the court, in addition to offices such as State-Owned Enterprises Pawn Office, PERTAMINA, Hospital  including the building of University, elementary school, junior high schools, high schools and so on.
Construction of the above not only in the form of restoration, but also overhauling the old and established banguna banguna new. This situation causes many  archival letters, documents and old photos scorching earth, but many also sold as scrap paper in kilogram.
Dr Iwan very lucky, the first time in 1970 while completing education at the University of Indonesia Faculty Medicine   found philatelic collection , some rare old books and documents of the Revolution and War 1945-1950  Indonesian republic, and currently serving in West Sumatra , West Kalimantan and Headquarters Indonesia National Police (police Headquarter), while on duty to development Hospitals throughout the area police (Polda) Indonesia also found the rare  gems collection.

Indonesian version:

Mulai tahun 1970 sampai 1990 , situasi ekonomi Indonesia meningkat dan berkembang dengan pesat sehinnga pemerintah mampu membangun  gedung pemerintahan mulai dari kantor Gurbenur,kantor walikota, kantor Pos,Kantor pengadilan dan Balai Peninggalan Harta(Weskameer) ,selain itu juga kantor Badan Usaha Milik Negara seperti Kantor Pegadaian, PERTAMINA, Rumah Sakit  termasuk juga pembangunan Univeritas, sekolah dasar,Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas dan sebagainya.

Pembangunan tersebut diatas tidak hanya dalam bentuk pemugaran ,tetapi juga merombak banguna lama dan mendirikan banguna baru. Situasi ini menyebabkan b anyak arsip surat-surat,dokumen dan foto lama dibumi hanguskan ,tetapi banyak juga dijual sebagai kertas bekas secara kiloan.

Dr Iwan sangat beruntung ,pertama kali tahun 1970 saat menyelesaikan pendidikan di Fakultas Kdoktera Universitas Indonesia menemukan beberapa koleksi filateli dan dokumen serta buku lama dari masa Revolusi dan perang kemerdejkaan republic Indonesia 1945-1950, dan saat bertugas di Sumatera Barat  dan Kalimantan Barat serta Markas Besar Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesi(MABES POLRI) ,saat melaksakan tugas pengembangan Rumah sakit Kepolisian di seluruh daerah(POLDA) Indonesia juga menemukan  koleksi tersebut.

 

 

Dr Iwan Masterpiece  Jewel Collection which is a good form of philately stamp, seal, and the document is as follows

Masterpiece Koleksi Dr Iwan yang merupakan Permata Koleksi Filateli baik berupa prangko,meterai , dan dokumen adalah sebagai berikut:

 

 

 

1.The  Phillatelic gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had power Given By  British allied forces

(1) The Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps used off cover CDS in Nippon Character Pa_da_n(g) 20(1945).8(august).17.EX collection Apothecery from Padang 1945 until 2009,and Dr Iwan Collections 2009 until now.

 

(2)The Dai Nippon Java Military Postcard used with Dai Nippon Java stamps send from Djatinegara CDS August,18th.1945 to Magelang,one day after Indonesia independence Proclamations Dai Nippon still had power on Post office.this collection found by Jatinegara fleamarket in 1996 and bough by Dr Iwan still until now.

 

 

b.During Transition Period

(1) NRI used Dai Nippon stamps without Overprint

(2) NRI handchoped or handwritten pen line,typewriter overprint

(a)Typewritter machine

 (b)Handchoped

(b)Hand written pen line

 (3) NRI  Machinal Overprint

 

 

 

(4) Indonesia Independence anniversary special card from West Sumatra

(a) 1946

V.Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in postally used,this card found by dr iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR Bulterman in 1985,he said this card were swap and burn all ,oh amazing still found the used one, this used in May.2nd.1947 from Priaman to Kajoetanam the NRI area due to Lingarjati conference agreement,the border line at Loeboek aloeng.In 1989 Dr Iwan sold this rare card US$1500,- to Mr Karel and in 2009 he sold at Tangerang Auction(TMA) but no one bought in his price US$5000,- and then put at Van dieten auction ,the  card move abroad ,but I donnot know the letetst owner.

 

 

(b)1947

V Esbensen in his catalogue said that he never seen this card in Postally Used , this card found by Dr Iwan in Bukittinggi in 1984,show to Mr PR BUlterman ,he said this card were swap and burn by Dutch NICA soldier,oh amazing still found in postally  used condition sedn from Batoesangkar June,2nd.1948 to Boekittinggi , in 1989 this card sold to Mr Karel US$1500,- and in in 2009 he sold at TMA Auction but no buyer, and the sold at Van dieten Auction Netherland but I donnot know who bought this card,the card now going abdrod for the first time.

 

 

 

 

2. The Revenue Gems

a.During Dai Nippon Still Had Power Given By British allied forces.

 

b. During Trasition Period

(1) NRI Used dai Nippon revenue without overprint

 

 

(2) Stamp Used as revenue:

 (a)Sumatra Overprint NRI Stamps as revenue

(b)Java

 

(3)NRI Overprint on Dai Nippon Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

(4)NRI new Currency F big = 100 f

 

 

 

5)NRI New Rupiah R = 100 f

3.  The Numismatic Gems

(a) Error Printing Papermoney

(b)Legalized NRI Banknoted

4.The art Photography Gems

5.The Old Books Gems

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

I.Part One   Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

1)Prolog in August 1945

1.July 1945

 (1)DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA’S  JULY CALENDER

THE  DAI NIPPON MILITARY OCCUPATION JAVA’S CALENDER COLLECTION , JULY  2605 (1945) with few days of August , THE LAST MONTH BEFORE SURRENDER TO THE ALLIED ARMED FORCES, AND THE BACK OF THIS CALENDER A NOTE HANDWRITTEN Married 16/7-1941 no.124 at Soerabaja.

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

(, if some have the other month,  August until December ‘s Calender please show us-auth).

14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage. 

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement

 
Dutch prisoners just after release from a Japanese concentration camp, 1945.Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire. 

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

2)17 August 1945

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the documents signatories.

In 1945 when the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed on August 17, 1945, Daan Mogot become a prominent leader of the Security Barisan Rakyat (BKR) and TKR (People’s Security Army) with the rank of Major. This is a unique at that time, Major Daan Mogot was only 16 years!

 

 

 

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia

 

 

II.Part Two Indonesia Independence Revolution and War in 1946

 

 

 

III.Part Three Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1947

 

IV.Part four Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

 

 

V.Part Five Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

 

 

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence Revolution and War in 1950

 

 @copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

THE LIST OF PICTURES

I.Part One Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1945

 

II.Part Two Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1946

 

This elegant old building was designed by the Javanese architect R. Sindutomo in 1923. During in 1923. During World war II it was  used by the occupying Japanese forces as their headquarters. Following the Japanese surrender it became the temporary location of the original radio republic Indonesia , before the bank was founded in 1946. The building is dituated at the southern end of jalan Ahmad Yani, next to the Central Post Office

 

III. Indonesian Independence Revolution and War in 1947

 

IV. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1948

V. Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1949

VI.Part Six Indonesian independence revolution and war in 1950

The ends@copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011’.

PS.This is the uncomplete Illustration CD-ROM for promotion,chepeast US$150,- limited edition only 100 CD-Rom, if the specialist collectors want to get the LUX CD-ROM with full illustrations,please subscribe via comment in my web blog

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com,only ten CD-ROM ,priced US$300,- ,will issued June 2012 during International philatelic exhibition at Jkarta Indonesia 2011Please donnot copy without mDr Iwan written permission, if you copy without permission I will sue You!!!!!! Because you are against the LAW (HAKI)(Dr IwanNote

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War’s Postal and Document History Collections Part V 1949

 


Cas_Oorthuys_Indonesia_1949a

    • Protest slogan for independenc 1949

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part V 1949

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Showecase:

 

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part V in 1949

A.PROLOG

1. Markas Komando Djawa 1948-1949

k

Abdul Haris Nasution Kol.TNI beliefs (the last of the Five-Star General) that the soldiers who do not have the support of the people must be defeated.
In the Revolution of Independence I (1946-1948), when leading Siliwangi Division, Pak Nas pulled the second lesson. People supporting the TNI. From this was born the idea of guerrilla warfare as a form of people’s war. Method of warfare is freely developed after Pak Nas became Commander of Java in the Revolution of Independence II (1948-1949).

original info in Indonesian language:

Keyakinan Kol.TNI Abdul Haris Nasution (terakhir Jendral besar Bintang Lima)  bahwa tentara yang tidak mendapat dukungan rakyat pasti kalah.
Dalam Revolusi Kemerdekaan I (1946-1948), ketika memimpin Divisi Siliwangi, Pak Nas menarik pelajaran kedua. Rakyat mendukung TNI. Dari sini lahir gagasannya tentang perang gerilya sebagai bentuk perang rakyat. Metode perang ini dengan leluasa dikembangkannya setelah Pak Nas menjadi Panglima Komando Jawa dalam masa Revolusi Kemerdekaan II (1948-1949).

look the cover of vintage book “Markas Komando Djawa “(Java Command Headquaters)

2.The Indonesian east sumatra  National Police(POLRI) 1949

 
MAS KADIRAN

Mobile Brigade residency Tapanuli IN militarization
 

1) Based on the assessment board of the Regional Defence Forces Tapanuli Mobile Brigade in Militerisasikan be KERESIDNENAN Tapanuli IV Battalion Regiment Brigade XI Tapanuli I TRI and MAS KADIRAN became Battalion Commander IV-I TRI Brigade Regiment with the rank XI MAJOR TRI (Army of the Republic of Indonesia) by the number of troops as much as 380 people complete with weapons including Heavy Weapons (cannon) and the Panzer Wagon Lezonik with Ammunition and Weapons and ammunition reserves.

2) With the Militerisasikan MBK Tapanuli be YON IV MEN I TRI Brig XI under the Tactical Commander Brigade Regiment I Tapanuli XI MAJOR Panggabean and Technical MARADEN under Chief Residency Tapanuli.

k. MBK / YON IV MEN – I Brig XI Tapanuli IN muster to Parapat

1) Dutch aggression in East Sumatra expanding cities in Sumatra in the East was controlled by the Dutch and the Dutch would extend their area by going to the area Parapat. Based on the Regional Defense Command Council Tapanuli and MEN-I Commander Brig IV MAJOR Tapanuli MARADEN Panggabean order Yon IV Force Brig XI MEN-I leave for Parapat Dutch troops to hold its speed of movement. Based on the MAS command KADIRAN with troops depart to Parapat.

2) On arrival in Parapat KADIRAN MAS Coordination with the Force held the Third Regiment under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Tapanuli Siahaan Jansen and the coordination is in agree that MAS KADIRAN as BATTLE COMMANDERS in Parapat to stem the movement of the Dutch troops. Forces MBK / YON – IV MEN – MEN I and members – aided III Society makes Defense Barricades arranged in a big way from AEK Nauli to Parapat and conduct reconnaissance and Pos-Pos Defense in Relay from AEK Nauli to Parapat

3) On day 15 in Parapat obtained news from investigators that the Dutch troops were 15 km from Aek Nauli, the troops under the command MAS KADIRAN ready to fight by way of ambush and destruction in Aek Nauli, at 03.00.Wib all Troops ready in Aek Nauli and at 05.00.Wib pass-Battle fierce battle in a big way Aek Nauli – Parapat.

4) At 10.00.Wib appear 2 Aircraft by firing on the Dutch Defense – defense and an important place in Parapat, the emergence of two Dutch-owned Aircraft Defense Forces opened fire on a split MAS KADIRAN resulting Blind Defense Forces become fragmented and MAS KADIRAN ordered his troops to retreat to Parapat. In this battle forces suffered many losses KADIRAN MAS.

5) Within 21 days Forces MBK / YON IV MEN – I Tapanuli KADIRAN MAS leader, top PerintahDewan Defense and Commander of the Regiment – I IX Brigade Troops Tapanuli to MBK Tapanuli / YON IV MEN – I Brig XI returned to the Parent Unit in Sibolga and Parapat Area Commander in the hand over to the MAJOR LEBERTY terimakan Malau in Parapat.

l. ESTABLISHMENT OF MOBILE Brigade – I SUMATRA AND MOBILE Brigade Tapanuli SOUTH

1) Based on the warrant of the Branch Bureau of the Republic of Indonesia National Police Mobile Brigade was formed for the Great Sumatra – Sumatra (Aceh and East Sumatra – Tapanuli) and designated as Pimpinanya POLICE INSPECTOR CLASS – I SUMATRA Humala Silalahi with the position and is headquartered in the School of Agriculture Sibarani Video Boti and by the Command Chief of Police Residency Tapanuli in the form of Mobile Brigade Tapanuli SOUTH and designate as chairman POLICE INSPECTOR Ibn based in Padang Sidempuan.

m. BATTLE MBB – I SUMATRA TO Legion PENGGEMPUR

1) When Using MAJOR GENERAL Suparto in Tarutung to Briefings on the Residency in Tapanuli Forces which was attended by COLONEL Siahaan Jansen, MARADEN Panggabean MAJOR, MAJOR MAJOR Bejo and MAS KADIRAN. at the hearing that there was fighting between troops MBB-Sumatra with Legion forces on the track Penggempur Boti, COLONEL Siahaan Jansen as a responsible regional security in Toba asked MAJOR MARADEN Panggabean and MAS KADIRAN and MAJOR Bejo for review to the Field.

2) Arriving at the song Boti into four commanders met Humala Silalahi MBB-I Chief of Sumatra, from the explanation POLICE INSPECTOR Humala Silalahi that legions PENGGEMPUR successfully disarmed troops Armament-Sumatra MBB, MBB troops heard this – I do Assault precedes Sumatra. Hearing this explanation then COLONEL Siahaan Jansen as Regiment Commander – Brigade III – XI Tapanuli, ask MARADEN Panggabean MAJOR, MAJOR MAJOR MAS KADIRAN Bejo and to take precautions.

3) With the approval of the 3 Commander, then on Apply Tapanuli troops to secure the area, then there was fighting in Sibolga, Tarutung, songs Boti, Porsea, until the Border Labuhan Batu, OLD MOUNTAIN, CITY LONG LINGGA Pinang. Finally, with the Wisdom of the Government of Indonesia Tapanuli, Chairman-chairman and Chairman of the Peoples Party in Tarutung, then there was peace in Pangaribuan to stop the fighting by both sides because Indonesia only harm and benefit the nation the Netherlands, with the result that the talks are not mutually agree to end strike each of the forces in drag to the parent Its units, troops MBB Tapanuli in Drag to Padang Sidempuan.

n. BROTHERS IN WAR Tapanuli

1) Some months duration Tapanuli area free of distractions Battle of the armed movement, but movement of the Dutch troops who are in Parapat not cease to infiltration by Divide and Conquer between the People by the People, the Army Forces, all the more so where the Force Commander has been no readiness so often drawn to the pitting, especially after the gathering of forces-forces of East Sumatra in Tapanuli, so that the number of troops in Tapanuli the friction between troops is very possible.

1) So that was happening in Tapanuli of the strongest forces of East Sumatra was at loggerheads in Tapanuli, one party is in force Unity Bull Lead by the MAJOR L. Malau and one more party-B Forces Brigade and the Brigade Leaders MAJOR Bejo-A led by Saragih ROS Two troops of the East Sumatra in Tapanuli berselih understand, so that the combined strength of weapons including XI Brigade became broken and each brings their way individual and eventually attack the Dormitory BATALIYON Brigade – XI in Padang Sidempuan. In this case his Battalion Commander Dies

2) With the crisis MAS KADIRAN MBK Chief Commissioner KLS I Tapanuli and M. Nurdin To Police Resident Resident Tapanuli in calling facing Tapanuli Dr. F.L. TOBING in the talks that Chief MBK Tapanuli MAS KADIRAN firmly take the road side with brigade-B in South Tapanuli and MAS KADIRAN appealed to Chief Resident Tapanuli Dr.FLTOBING to bring his troops into the field Sidempuan to avoid clashes between the Brigade – A and brigades – B.

3) The battle between the forces and Bull Brigade – B occurs which began STEM Toru, Pandaan and arrived in Sibolga, after many casualties the two armies finally entered into negotiations in Sibolga which was attended by Dr. VICE PRESIDENT. Mohd. HATTA. Completed negotiations then Brigade – B led MAJOR Bejo, supported by MAS KADIRAN back to South Tapanuli Bull Forces Leadership and L. Tapanuli Malau to North and Central Tapanuli be submitted to the brigade and Army XI Tapanuli Navy Indonesia

Weigh SOVEREIGNTY AND RECEIVED BY DUTCH POLICE

IN residency Tapanuli

1) Under the command of Police Chief of North Sumatra, in order to prepare troops MAS KADIRAN MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra Police to handover the Netherlands to the Indonesian police, with the news of the Joint Officer CAPTAIN IBRAHIM HAJI, on the appointed day the North Sumatra Police chief Mr Darwin Karim and Mas Kadiran with 2 Company MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra and 1 Battalion – B Mursalin Tello leaders went to Padang Sidempuan to weigh thank the Dutch police, from Padang Sidempuan continued to Sibolga and Tarutung, Weigh accept walk safely, orderly and smooth .

2) While the time to wait for orders received in the weigh in East Sumatra, North Sumatra Police chief Adjunct Senior Commissioner then DARWIN KARIM live in Sibolga with Staff-staff to take care of everything for Police Police stations have received throughout the South Tapanuli, Mas Kadiran ordered Company – C towards Sibolga Go to Company D and P. Sidempuan, Staff Member MBB-I-Aceh, North Sumatra in order to join the Mas Kadiran Sibolga. While Company A and B remain in Balige to wait for the next command into the East Sumatra to Weigh received by the Dutch Police.

V. Weigh THANK THE POLICE

DUTCH IN EASTERN SUMATRA

By Order Police chief Comr for Sumatra Mr. Commandments UMAR SAID and North Sumatra Police Chief to enter into eastern Sumatra to conduct weigh thank the Dutch National Police, on the day that has been set by two men of Mas Kadiran in Balige. Hanafi Commander and went to Sumatra, West Sumatra MBB East Regional division of MBB-Sumatra-Aceh leader Mas Kadiran do weigh receive in P, Siantar, high cliffs danMedansedangkan MBB-II Sunar do weigh received in Tanjung Balai and Rantau Prapat.

 

original info in Indonesia language:

  MOBILE BRIGADE KERESIDENAN TAPANULI DI MILITERISASI

 

1) Berdasarkan Ketetapan dewan Pertahanan Daerah Tapanuli Pasukan MOBILE BRIGADE KERESIDNENAN TAPANULI di Militerisasikan menjadi BATALYON IV RESIMEN I TRI BRIGADE XI TAPANULI dan MAS KADIRAN menjadi KOMANDAN BATALYON IV RESIMEN-I TRI BRIGADE XI dengan Pangkat MAYOR TRI (Tentara Republik Indonesia ) dengan jumlah Pasukan sebanyak 380 orang lengkap dengan senjatanya termasuk Senjata Berat (Meriam) dan Panser Wagon Lezonik dengan Amunisi serta Cadangan Senjata dan Amunisi. 

2) Dengan di Militerisasikan MBK Tapanuli menjadi YON IV MEN I TRI BRIG XI secara Taktis di bawah Komandan Resimen I BRIGADE XI Tapanuli MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN dan Tehnis di bawah Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Tapanuli. 

k. MBK / YON IV MEN – I BRIG XI TAPANULI DI KERAHKAN KE PARAPAT

1) Agresi Belanda di Sumatera Timur semakin luas Kota –kota di Sumatera Timur sudah di kuasai oleh Belanda dan Belanda akan meluaskan daerahnya dengan menuju daerah PARAPAT. Berdasarkan Perintah Dewan Pertahanan Daerah Tapanuli dan Komandan MEN-I BRIG IV TAPANULI MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN agar Pasukan Yon IV MEN-I BRIG XI berangkat menuju Parapat menahan gerak lajunya Pasukan Belanda. Berdasarkan perintah tersebut MAS KADIRAN dengan Pasukannya berangkat ke Parapat.

2) Setibanya di Parapat MAS KADIRAN mengadakan Koordinasi dengan Pasukan RESIMEN III TAPANULI dibawah Komando LETKOL JANSEN SIAHAAN dan dalam Koordinasi ini di sepakati bahwa MAS KADIRAN sebagai KOMANDAN PERTEMPURAN di Parapat guna membendung gerak Pasukan Belanda. Pasukan MBK / YON – IV MEN – I dan Anggota MEN – III dibantu Masyarakat membuat Pertahanan Barikade di jalan besar yang disusun dari AEK NAULI sampai PARAPAT dan mengadakan Pos-Pos pengintaian dan Pertahanan secara Estafet dari AEK NAULI sampai PARAPAT

3) Pada hari ke 15 di Parapat didapat berita dari penyelidik bahwa Pasukan Belanda sudah berada 15 Km dari Aek Nauli, maka Pasukan yang berada di bawah Komando MAS KADIRAN siap untuk melawan dengan cara Penghadangan dan Penghancuran di Aek Nauli, pada pukul 03.00.Wib seluruh Pasukan sudah siap di Aek Nauli dan pada pukul 05.00.Wib terjadilah Pertempuran –Pertempuran yang sengit di jalan besar Aek Nauli – Parapat.

4) Pukul 10.00.Wib muncul 2 Pesawat Terbang Belanda dengan menembaki Pertahanan – pertahanan dan tempat penting di Parapat, munculnya 2 Pesawat Terbang milik Belanda menembaki Pertahanan Pasukan MAS KADIRAN secara membagi Buta sehingga mengakibatkan Pertahanan Pasukan menjadi terpecah dan MAS KADIRAN memerintahkan Pasukannya untuk mundur ke Parapat. Dalam Pertempuran ini Pasukan MAS KADIRAN mengalami banyak kerugian.

5) Dalam waktu 21 hari lamanya Pasukan MBK / YON IV MEN – I Tapanuli Pimpinan MAS KADIRAN, atas PerintahDewan Pertahanan dan Komandan Resimen – I BRIGADE IX Tapanuli agar Pasukan MBK Tapanuli / YON IV MEN – I BRIG XI kembali ke Induk Satuan di Sibolga dan Komandan Parapat Area di serah terimakan kepada MAYOR LEBERTY MALAU di Parapat.

l. PEMBENTUKAN MOBILE BRIGADE BESAR – I SUMATERA DAN MOBILE BRIGADE KABUPATEN TAPANULI SELATAN 

1) Berdasarkan Surat Perintah dari Cabang Jawatan Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia untuk Sumatera dibentuk Mobile Brigade Besar – I Sumatera (Aceh-Sumatera Timur – Tapanuli ) dan ditunjuk sebagai Pimpinanya INSPEKTUR POLISI KELAS – I SUMATERA HUMALA SILALAHI dengan kedudukan dan bermarkas di Sekolah Pertanian Sibarani Lagu Boti dan berdasarkan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Keresidenan Tapanuli di bentuk MOBILE BRIGADE KABUPATEN TAPANULI SELATAN dan di tunjuk sebagai pimpinannya INSPEKTUR POLISI IBNU berkedudukan di Padang Sidempuan. 

m. PERTEMPURAN MBB – I SUMATERA DENGAN LEGIUN PENGGEMPUR

1) Pada Saat MAYOR JENDERAL SUPARTO berada di Tarutung untuk melakukan Brifing terhadap Pasukan Keresidenan di Tapanuli yang di hadiri oleh KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN, MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN, MAYOR BEJO dan MAYOR MAS KADIRAN. di dengar bahwa terjadi Pertempuran antara Pasukan MBB-I Sumatera dengan Pasukan Legiun Penggempur di LAGU BOTI, KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN selaku penanggung jawab Kemananan di Daerah Toba meminta kepada MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN dan MAS KADIRAN serta MAYOR BEJO untuk meninjau ke Lapangan. 

2) Sesampainya di Lagu Boti ke 4 Komandan ini menemui HUMALA SILALAHI Kepala MBB- I Sumatera, dari penjelasan INSPEKTUR POLISI HUMALA SILALAHI bahwa LEGIUN PENGGEMPUR berhasil melucuti Persenjataan Pasukan MBB- I Sumatera, mendengar hal ini Pasukan MBB – I Sumatera mendahului melakukan Penyerangan. Mendengar penjelasan ini maka KOLONEL JANSEN SIAHAAN sebagai KOMANDAN RESIMEN – III BRIGADE – XI TAPANULI, meminta kepada MAYOR MARADEN PANGGABEAN, MAYOR BEJO dan MAYOR MAS KADIRAN untuk mengambil tindakan pengamanan.

3) Dengan adanya persetujuan dari ke 3 Komandan, maka di kerahkanlah Pasukan untuk mengamankan daerah Tapanuli, maka terjadilah pertempuran di SIBOLGA, TARUTUNG, LAGU BOTI, PORSEA, sampai dengan ke Perbatasan LABUHAN BATU, GUNUNG TUA, LINGGA PANJANG KOTA PINANG. Akhirnya dengan Kebijaksanaan Pemerintah RI Tapanuli, Ketua-ketua partai dan Ketua Adat di Tarutung, maka terjadilah Perdamaian di PANGARIBUAN untuk menghentikan Pertempuran oleh kedua pihak karena hanya merugikan Bangsa Indonesia dan menguntungkan pihak Belanda saja, dengan hasil Perundingan itu di sepakati untuk tidak saling menyerang akhirnya masing-masing Pasukan di tarik ke induk Satuannya, pasukan MBB Tapanuli di Tarik ke Padang Sidempuan. 

n. PERANG SAUDARA DI TAPANULI 

1) Beberapa Bulan lamanya daerah Tapanuli bebas dari gangguan gerakan Pertempuran bersenjata, tetapi gerakan tentara Belanda yang berada di Parapat tidak henti-hentinya melakukan Infiltrasi dengan Politik Adu Domba antara Rakyat dengan Rakyat, Pasukan dengan Pasukan, terlebih–lebih dimana Komandan Pasukan belum ada kesiapan sehingga sering terpancing untuk di adu domba, apalagi setelah berkumpulnya Pasukan-Pasukan dari Sumatera Timur di Tapanuli, sehingga dengan banyaknya Pasukan di Tapanuli maka gesekan-gesekan antar Pasukan sangat mungkin terjadi.

1) Demikian yang terjadi di Tapanuli dari Pasukan yang terkuat dari Sumatera Timur tersebut berselisih paham di tapanuli, satu pihak pasukan Kesatuan Banteng yang di Pimpin oleh MAYOR L. MALAU dan satu pihak lagi Pasukan BRIGADE-B Pimpinan MAYOR BEJO dan BRIGADE-A yang di pimpin oleh SARAGIH ROS Dua Pasukan dari Sumatera Timur tersebut berselih paham di Tapanuli, sehingga gabungan Kekuatan Senjata yang termasuk BRIGADE XI menjadi pecah dan masing-masing membawa jalannya masing-masing dan akhirnya terjadi Penyerangan ke Asrama BATALIYON BRIGADE – XI di Padang Sidempuan. Dalam hal ini Komandan Batalyon nya Meninggal Dunia

2) Dengan adanya krisis tersebut MAS KADIRAN Kepala MBK Tapanuli dan KOMPOL KLS I M. NURDIN Kepada Polisi Residen Tapanuli di panggil menghadap Residen Tapanuli Dr. F.L. TOBING dalam pembicaraan itu Kepala MBK Tapanuli MAS KADIRAN dengan tegas mengambil jalan memihak BRIGADE-B di Tapanuli Selatan dan MAS KADIRAN memohon kepada Kepala Residen Tapanuli Dr.F.L.TOBING untuk membawa Pasukannya ke Padang Sidempuan untuk mengindari Bentrokan antara BRIGADE – A dan BRIGADE – B.

3) Pertempuran antara Pasukan Banteng dan Brigade – B terjadi dimana mulai BATANG TORU, PANDAAN dan sampai di SIBOLGA, setelah banyak memakan korban akhirnya kedua pasukan mengadakan Perundingan di Sibolga yang di hadiri oleh WAKIL PRESIDEN Dr. MOHD. HATTA. Selesai perundingan maka BRIGADE – B di pimpin MAYOR BEJO yang di dukung oleh MAS KADIRAN kembali ke Tapanuli Selatan dan Pasukan Banteng Pimpinan L. MALAU ke Tapanuli Utara dan Tapanuli Tengah di serahkan kepada BRIGADE XI TAPANULI dan Pasukan Angkatan Laut Indonesia

KEDAULATAN DAN TIMBANG TERIMA DENGAN KEPOLISIAN BELANDA

DI KERESIDENAN TAPANULI

1) Berdasarkan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Utara, MAS KADIRAN agar mempersiapkan Pasukan MBB-I Sumut-Aceh untuk serah terima Kepolisian Belanda kepada Kepolisian Indonesia, dengan adanya berita dari Joint Officer KAPTEN IBRAHIM HAJI, pada hari yang sudah ditentukan maka kepala Kepolisian Sumut Bapak Darwin Karim dan Mas Kadiran dengan 2 Kompi MBB-I Sumut-Aceh dan 1 Batalyon – B pimpinan MURSALIN TELLO berangkat ke Padang Sidempuan untuk timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda, dari Padang Sidempuan dilanjutkan ke Sibolga dan Tarutung, Timbang terima berjalan dengan aman, tertib dan lancar.

2) Sementara waktu untuk menunggu perintah dalam timbang terima di Sumatera Timur, maka Kepala Kepolisian Sumut AKBP DARWIN KARIM tinggal di Sibolga bersama Staf-stafnya untuk mengurus segala sesuatu untuk Kepolisian timbang terima Kepolisian diseluruh Tapanuli Selatan, Mas Kadiran memerintahkan Kompi – C untuk menuju Sibolga dan Kompi D Menuju ke P.Sidempuan, Anggota Staf MBB-I Sumut-Aceh agar menuju Sibolga bergabung dengan Mas Kadiran. Sedangkan Kompi A dan B tetap tinggal di Balige untuk menunggu Perintah selanjutnya masuk ke Sumatera Timur untuk Timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda.

V. TIMBANG TERIMA DENGAN KEPOLISIAN

BELANDA DI SUMATERA TIMUR

Atas Perintah Kepala Kepolisian untuk Sumatera Bapak KOMBES POL UMAR SAID dan Perintah Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Utara agar masuk kedalam Sumatera Timur untuk mengadakan timbang terima dengan Kepolisian Belanda, pada hari yang sudah di tentukan Mas Kadiran dengan dua Kompi yang berada di Balige. dan Hanafi Komandan MBB Sumbar berangkat ke Sumatera Timur dengan pembagian Daerah MBB-I Sumatera-Aceh Pimpinan Mas Kadiran melakukan timbang terima di P,Siantar, Tebing tinggi danMedansedangkan MBB-II Sunar melakukan timbang terima di Tanjung Balai dan Rantau Prapat.

B.CHRONOLOGY HISTORIC COLLECTION 1949

JANUARY 1949

 1.January

Julius Kardinal information(1978)

at the early January 1949(Pada permulaan bulan januari 1949,)

Bantul regency capital city, 6 km from Ganjuran, Army occupied the Netherlands. makinmencekam atmosphere bai population. At lunch time there was a sudden often datanganya Dutch soldiers, all panicked, ran to evacuate, although most are not true and at night came the attacks of the Parties to the TNI. One morning I received a report from the hospital kitchen that supplies of fuel wood is almost gone. At about 9:00 I was with a young man riding a bike into the village behind the hospital to look for firewood. Apparently the village was deserted, the people already displaced. Fortunately, the intended father’s family home and tend to have quite a lot of firewood supply and willing to help. unfinished pembuicaraan how far the transportation of the eruption sounded, followed by the hiss and the two eruptions in place. Soon there was an eruption of the other majors, the same hiss and ended with two eruptions as well. We both immediately ride a bike to the hospital to attend disana.Seluruh residents Hospitals and orphanages as well as the nurses had to hide under the table trying to seek shelter where dabn thought safe. The atmosphere of panic, fear, all suspect that will eventually hit. Praying and surrender to God. Apparently the former mill complex and Hospital in mortars from two places, thank goodness no one hit the building, so there were no casualties in the complex. Mortar fire lasted approximately setngah hours.

Once convinced that the bombing had stopped, held talks with the five young men in my room. There is still a couple of cloth napkins and a red ink, they immediately make the flag of the Red Cross, seeking gaklah and they are ready to go out to look for victims who need help. New sja out of the hospital, they ran back to my room to meet them head nurse, Captain-ranking commander with about 50 of his men, there was talk among other things: “Father, here are some members of the TNI?.” No “.” Father knows that all around there TNI soldiers, beraapoa their numbers. “” Do not know if the number of Catholic norang I know “.” necessarily “” In this complex there are soldiers who were hiding and no gun?. “No” ” may be searched? “Yes, but you along with me and the chief nurse and lived outside the fruit ank”. Begin a search Kareena arrival of the Captain and how scary. ” It’s certainly the army “.” Instead of, patients’ chief nurse replied. “Later, if it has been cured of menenbak again”. “SEalama in rumag ill be tangunggan me.” “I will take it”. ” not possible, as long so be patient. “

in these circumstances occur a search throughout the complex, opening each door and entered the room followed by a thumbs gun and questions set geramdiajukan. A search is completed quickly enough and no less thorough. Done a search there is an interview with the captain led pasukan.Di bebrapa factory environment they found a grenade that was not working anymore, but can pose a hazard, then it will d9ibawa to amrkas them for the sake of the security. The captain then asked the youth workers who are dikamar sya, I imagine they would have objected. after a long talk, decided bahewa they’ll come, they ettapi no later than 17:00 hours should’ve come back here. Belumkembali If at that time, I will come kemarkas them. After that they went, the youth participate bebrapa carrying grenades and landmijn, after they left, a sense of relief filled the whole complex, all felt very tired during the bnayak who did not receive food, I myself also experienced a sma. but strangely I feel so sleepy and continue bed rest. Approximately 1500 hrs knock at the door, finally forced to pound because I did not hear him in bed “what else” I thought. It turns out that TNI members ready to come now with straw and kerosene, they heard the news that all the occupants sick dikompleks ruamh dibaw aoleh Dutch soldiers, they are ready for the scorching earth Hospitals and complexity. I spoke with the leaders and take her to see the whole complex so intent membuni scorching canceled and they returned to markasnya.Baru they disappeared, there appeared youth “carrier” and landmijn grenade with the atmosphere of joy and experiences, they shared cigarettes and bread ynag given as a receipt love by the captain. Thus ended the first operation of the army beland, seasudah was still many times suddenly come small patrols, but not exceptional shock until they leave the special area Jogyakarta

original info

 ibu kota Kabupaten Bantul,  6 km dari Ganjuran, diduduki Tentara Belanda. suasana makinmencekam bai penduduk. Pada waktu siang sering mendadak terdengar  datanganya tentara Belanda, semua panik,lari mengungsi,meskipun kebanyakan tidak benar dan pada waktu malam terdengar serangan dari Pihak TNI. Pada suatu pagi saya mendapat laporan dari dapur Rumah sakit bahwa persediaan kayu bakar sudah hampir habis. Kira-kira jam 09.00 saya dengan seorang pemuda naik sepeda masuk desa dibelakang Rumah sakit untuk mencari kayu bakar. Ternyata desa itu sepi, orang-orang sudah mengungsi. Untunglah ayah keluarga yang dituju ada dirumah dan mempunyai persediaan kayu bakar cukup banyak dan rela membantu. belum selesai pembuicaraan bagaimana cara pengangkutannya terdengar letusan dari jauh,diikuti dengan  desisan dan 2 letusan di tempat. Sebentar lagi dari lain jurusan terdengar letusan,desisan yang sama dan berakhir dengan 2 kali letusan juga. Kami berdua segera naik sepeda ke Rumah sakit untuk hadir disana.Seluruh penghuni Rumah sakit dan Panti Asuhan serta para perawat sudah bersembunyi di bawah meja dabn mencoba mencari perlindungan dimana dikira aman. Suasana panik,takut, semua menduga bahwa akhirnya akan kena. Bedoa dan menyerahkan diri kepada Tuhan. Ternyata bekas pabrik dan kompleks Rumah Sakit di mortir dari dua tempat,syukurlah bangunan tidak ada yang kena,sehingga tidak ada korban didalam kompleks. Tembakan mortir berlangsung kira-kira setngah jam.

Sesudah yakin bahwa pengeboman sudah berhenti, diadakan perundingan dengan 5 orang pemuda yang ada di kamar saya. Masih ada berberapa kain serbet makan dan ada tinta merah,dengan segera mereka membuat bendera Palang Merah,mencari gaklah dan mereka siap keluar guna mencari korban yang perlu ditolong. Baru sja keluar dari rumah sakit, mereka lari kembali ke kamar saya dengan suster kepala menemui mereka, komandannya berpangkat Kapten dengan kira-kira 50 orang anak buahnya, terjadi pembicaraan antara lain:”pastor ,disini ada beberapa orang anggota TNI ?.”Tidak ada”.”Pastor tahu bahwa di sekitar ada tentara TNI, beraapoa jumlah mereka”.”Tidak tahu, kalau jumlah norang katolik saya tahu”.”tentu” “Di kompleks ini ada tentara yang bersembunyi dan ada senjatanya?.”Tidak ada””Boleh digeledah ?”Boleh,tetapi bersama dengan saya  dan suster Kepala dan ank buah tinggal diluar”. Mulailah pengeledahan kareena kedatangan Kapten tersebut dan caranya menakutkan.” Ini tentu tentara”.”BUkan,pasien” jawab suster Kepala.”Nanti jika sudah sembuh tentu menenbak lagi”.”SEalama di rumag sakit menjadi tangunggan saya”.”ini akan saya bawa”.” tidak mungkin,selama jadi pasien”.

dalam suasana semacam ini terjadi pengeledahan seluruh kompleks,setiap membuka pintu dan masuk kamar diikuti dengan acungan pistol dan pertanyaaan yang geramdiajukan. Pengeledahan cukup cepat selesai dan tidak kurang teliti. Selesai pengeledahan masih ada wawancara dengan kapten pimpin  pasukan.Di lingkungan pabrik mereka menemukan bebrapa granat  yang sudah tidak bekerja lagi, tetapi dapat menimbulkan bahaya, maka akan d9ibawa ke amrkas mereka demi keamana. maka Kapten minta tenaga pemuda yang ada dikamar sya, sudah saya bayangkan mereka akan keberatan. sesudah agak lama bicara,diputuskan bahewa mereka akan ikut, ettapi mereka selambat-lambatnya jam 17.00 harus udah kembali disini. JIka pada waktu itu belumkembali, saya akan datang kemarkas mereka. Setelah itu mereka pergi, bebrapa pemuda ikut membawa granat dan landmijn, sesudah mereka pergi ,rasa lega memenuhi seluruh kompleks, semua merasa telah sangat lelah karena siang bnayak yang tidak memperoleh makanan,saya sendiri  pun mengalami yang sma. tetapi anehnya saya merasa mengantuk sekali dan terus istirahat tidur. Kira-kira jam 15.00 pintu diketuk,akhirnya terpaksa dipukul-pukul karena saya dalam tidur tak mendengarnya”ada apa lagi” pikir saya. Ternyata yang datang sekarang anggota TNI siap dengan jerami dan minyak tanah,mereka mendengar kabar bahwa semua penghuni dikompleks ruamh sakit dibaw aoleh tentara belanda, mereka siap untuk membumi hanguskan Rumah sakit dan kompleksnya. Saya berbicara dengan pemimpinnya dan mengantarnya melihat seluruh kompleks sehingga maksud membuni hanguskan dibatalkan dan mereka kembali ke markasnya.Baru saja mereka menghilang,muncullah pemuda “pembawa”granat dan landmijn dengan suasana gembira serta menceritakan pengalaman, mereka membagikan sigaret dan roti ynag diberikan sebagai tanda terima kasih oleh Kapten tersebut. Demikianlah berakhir operasi pertama dari tentara beland, seasudah itu masih berkali-kali secara mendadak datang patroli kecil ,tetapi tidak menimbulkan kejutan luar biasa sampai mereka meninggalkan daerah istimewa Jogyakarta.

January,1st.1949

PTT Djakarta salary book with handsign of the chief of ptt office Djakarta.

January,4th.1949

Postallyused lettersheet stationer  10 sen send from batavia centrum to Buitenzorg(bogor)

January 5th.1949

Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.

January,6th.1949

the information from Warna warta Djawa tengah newswpaper :

(A) the Word Series Rau Juliana

My goal is to fulfill my mother’s ability. Who really really hope that the Government of Indonesia is formed within a few weeks to come nini.Pemilihan which will be held selekans free as possible.

On 6 January the lalau, Series Queen Juliana said to Indonesia that looks like this:

My mother has been able to establish an independent and sovereign Indonesia, the Netherlands and Indonesia entered the union on the basis of sovereign kemaunan respectively, merdekan and on the same basis.

in February 1948 kesangupan oitu tealh repeated again, a sign that it truly became Queen of ability.

My goal since the throne is the ability memenjuhi my mother, to give to people in Indonesia: peace, happiness and prosperity in a sovereign self-government.

My goal really is to the federal government in recent weeks Indonesia was formed; government that will run the obligations on the basis of responsibility and democracy. XSelekas possible if it has been able, to be held the election, thus establishment of United States of Indonesia will soon be achieved.

(B) GENERAL SUDIRMAN NOT captive

General sudirman now being seriously ill and is being maintained well but not captured by the army commander of the TNI Belanda.Kolonel Hidajat in Sumatra, on 28 December 1948 tealh take over (over) Pimpina total republican army.

(C) FACTS MR ASAAT

Before military action, Mr Asaat once said that the situation in the republic is beyond miserable than in the war. Denagn these words then one can draw the conclusion that if a held state military movements in that region in more baik.Seorang other princes, saying that the food supply in the republic’s only up to a month Maret.Sesudah famine will arise which hebat.dari words This is also one can draw conclusions that this second military movement led to improvements to the area not only brings tersebut.tentara tegush security and long, but brought the lightness in sehar-day life, also by providing food, clothing and medicine.

(D) some federal pemrintah Indonesia propaganda illustration in this newspaper: Hours gadang Bukittingi committee, Abdul Kadir Wijoyo Atmojo Jakarta, trucks mengangukt nakanan, and Indonesian youth in Practice.

 
 

 (a)Sabda Seri Rau Juliana

Tujuanku ialah memenuhi kesanggupan Ibuku. Harapanku yang sungguh sungguh ialah supaya Pemerintah Indonesia dibentuk dalam beberapa minggu yang datang nini.Pemilihan yang bebas akan diadakan selekans mungkin.

Pada tanggal 6 januari yang lalau, Seri Ratu Juliana bersabda untuk Indonesia yang isinya seperti berikut :

Ibuku telah sanggup mendirikan Indonesia yang merdeka dan berdaulat ,mengadakan perserikatan Indonesia Nederland dan berdaulat  atas dasar kemaunan masing-masing ,merdekan dan atas dasar yang sama.

dalam bulan Februari 1948 kesangupan oitu tealh diulangi lagi, tanda bahwa memang sungguh-sungguh menjadi kesanggupan Ratu.

Tujuanku sejak naik tahta ialah memenjuhi kesanggupan ibuku, untuk memberi kepada bangsa di Indonesia : ketentraman,Kebahagiaan  dan kemakmuran dalam pemerintahan sendiri yang berdaulat.

Tujuanku yang sungguh-sungguh ialah supaya pemerintahan federal Indonesia dalam beberapa minggu ini dibentuk; pemerintahan yang akan menjalankan kewajiban atas dasar tanggung jawab dan demokrasi. XSelekas mungkin jika telah dapat, akan diadakan pemilihan, dengan begitu pembentukan Negara Indonesia Serikat akan lekas tercapai.

(b) JENDRAL SUDIRMAN TIDAK DITAWAN

Jendral sudirman sekarang sedang menderita sakit keras dan sedang dipelihara baik-baik tetapi tidak ditawan oleh tentara Belanda.Kolonel Hidajat Komanda  TNI di sumatra, pada tanggal 28 desember 1948 tealh mengambil oper(alih) Pimpina tentara republik Seluruhnya.

(c) KETERANGAN mR aSAAT

Sebelum aksi militer, Mr Asaat pernah mengatakan bahwa keadaan di republik adalah melebihi sengsaranya daripada dalam perang. Denagn kata-kata ini maka orang dapat menarik kesimpulan bahwa jika diadakan gerakan militer keadaan didaerah tersebut lebih baik.Seorang pembesar lainnya,mengatakan ,bahwa persedian makanan di republik hanya sampai bulan Maret.Sesudah itu akan timbul bahaya kelaparan yang hebat.dari kata-kata ini juga orang dapat menarik kesimpulan vbahwa gerakan militer yang kedua ini membawa perbaikan kepada daerah tersebut.tentara tidak hanya membawa keamanan yang tegush dan lama, tetapi mebawa keringanan dalam kehidupan sehar-hari,juga dengan memberikan bahan makanan,pakaian dan obat-obatan.

(d) beberapa illustrasi propaganda pemrintah federal Indonesia dalam surat kabar ini : Jam gadang Bukittingi, komite abdul kadir Wijoyo atmojo Jakarta,truk mengangukt nakanan ,dan pemuda Indonesia di Latih.

January,9th.1949

Tanda terima Pengiriman (Ontvangbewij or Recieved) Pospakket from batavia with overprint Indonesia stamps and wilhelmina stamps.

January,12th.1949

The chief OF PTT NRI Mas Suharto were kidnapped and arrest by Dutch Nica

The chief OF PTT NRI Mas Suharto were kidnapped and arrest by Dutch Nica soldier, and after that he never found (until this day his graved never found)

 

January,19th.1949

The rare postally used cover from malang to Medan(Negara Sumatra Timur) East Sumattera State ,the part of Indonesia federal state.

UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950.

There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia

January,29th.1949

(a)The invitation to join the ceremony of tranferred the power from Dutch Federal Government to Wali Negara South Sumatra in february,1st 1949 , send from the chief of 7 oeloe village Palembang.

 

January,21th.1949

On January 21, 1949, with the city of Kuala Tungkal occupied by the Dutch public figures, scholars, intellectuals fled to the outskirts, which are located opposite the Kuala Tungkal. they dated January 25, 1949 meeting which consisted of various tribes to collect kekauatan to counterattack. Above consensus together, they form the Front pengurunya Wilderness with the following composition:

Chairman: H. Shamsuddin (cum treasurer)

Vice Chairman: A. Sanusi (Teacher Trenches fires)

Members: 1. H. Hanafiah (Head of Good Dyke)

2. Kadir (Sacred Head Dyke)

3. Imran (Head Dyke Mangrove)

4. Zuhri (Head Dyke Palembang)

5. Durasit (Head Parit Sungai Rawai)

6. Abdullah (head of the Trench fires)

Part Penggempur: Abdul Congratulations

Help By: 1. Zaidun

2. H. Saman Mangku (Market Kuala Tungkal)

3. H. Hanafiah (Head of Good Dyke)

Front Jungle forming a line called “Barisan Bally Red ‘.

The purpose of establishing the Barisan / Lasyakar Red Bally is to demolish the Dutch who occupied Kuala Tungkal. Therefore, should be chosen who will lead the Barisan Merah Bally, especially when invaded / attacked the Dutch position.

Then elected Abdul Samad called then moved at the term “Commander” (more popularly known as “Commander Adul”). It was also agreed when the Dutch attacked the Red Bally must together with the TNI and the tactics are under military command

On January 21, 1949 at 11:30 pm, beberpa Dutch ships attacked Kuala Tungkal with cannon and mortar firing. One of them was shot targets Great Mosque (Jami ‘) Kuala Tungkal, when the Islamic manaumat was getting ready to perform Friday prayers.

As a result of the attack, not last Friday prayers. When he feels safe, Dutch troops landed, still firing heavy weapons to protect his troops who were conducting pendarata.

TNI troops led by Lieutenant Young A. Fattah held resistance, backing toward the Trenches Gompong. Two soldiers and a young fighter named teacher of English R. Happy autumn shot dutch at the moment will blow up the Landman who had previously installed near the Post Office.

Kuala Tungkal Kewedanaan government led by the district officer with the Chief of Police Regional Noerdin Mahyuddin Harahap IPI, Head Tungkal Ilir Masdar Kewedanaan Government and its staff in Kuala Tungkal under a hail of bullets and mortar cannon backwards towards the village of Parit Gompong Pembengis through except for some sub-district officials, among others, Masdar, the Police , Information and others, Wedana Noerdin, Police Chief Mahyuddin Harahap and others continued the journey to the village of Parit Deli Betara Left Tungkal Ilir district.

Pembengis is a small village situated 7 (seven) Km from Kuala Tungkal, filled with refugees of various groups, in addition to government officials and military forces.

After the Dutch troops landed in Kuala Tungkal, the Dutch continued to advance to the araha pembengis with intent to break the resistance of military forces. At 17.00 pm in the Trenches Gompong intercepted by military forces led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, resulting in a shoot for 15 (fifteen) minutes. Holland then retreat to Kuala Tungkal to suffer casualties beberpa people were killed and wounded

January,23th.1949

On January 23, 1949, after retiring from Kuala Tungkal, a squad of military forces under the command of Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, 1023 Sector Commander assigned to patrol the Dutch Army stalking position. In the Trenches Gompong they met with the Dutch Army, causing a battle that resulted in some Dutch soldiers killed and wounded.

On January 23, 1949 night, the people of Seberang Tungkal trench Congratulations, arson military dormitory in the way of the Old Kuala Tungkal Prosperity. The force is led by Abdul Samad (Adul)

Jaunry,25th.1949

With Kuala Tungkal occupied by the Dutch, then the community leaders in the Trenches Congratulations Kuala Tungkal Tungkal III on January 25, 1949 have formed the Front, headed by H. Woods Shamsuddin prince Tungkal III.

Front board Rimba are those who’ve studied the practice Bally Red is the practice based on the teachings of Islam yangmeyakini that if the deeds carried out as specified, it is concerned will be able to avoid the bullets fired at him.

The formation of this Front, received rave reviews from the public because it fits with their belief that the war against the Dutch colonialists, when autumn meant masti martyr for fighting for the interests of defending the nation, state and religion as taught by the scholars at that time

FEBRUARY 1949

(1)February,3th.1949

Tanda terima Pengiriman Ontvangbewijs(Recive notes) Pospakket with overprint Indonesia  1 gld and wilhelmina 10 cent  stamps

(1a)February  7 th.1949

Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.

 Feb.5th.1949

Ontvangbewijs-Recieve pospakket sent from  batavia to tangerang withj overprin indonesia stamp 3×40 cent and Wilhelmina 10 cent  stamps

FEB,7th.1949

Dated February 7, 1949 by 9 (nine) of fruit boats, led by Abdul Samad who fondly known as Commander Adul. 41 people who all have learned the practice before the Dutch occupation of the Red Bally Kuala Tungkal, armed with machetes, knives, kris, spears and other sharp weapons, departing from ditches Welcome to Kuala Tungkal. Divided into four troops, each led by:

1. Abdul Smaad

2. H. warrant

3. H. Nafiah

4. Zainuddin

Bally Red Front army commander Tungkal Area H. Saman (Saman Commander)

Bally Red Commander with some leaders of the Barisan troops Bally Red (BSM).

Keris weapon Commander Haji Saman

Some equipment / weapon of war in the traditional red sash paramilitary troops against Military Aggression Belnda in Kuala Tungkal 1949

At 24.00 pm, they subjugate the Dutch defense simultaneously and suddenly, the Netherlands did not expect / suspect before. Pertempurang happen until 09.00 am in the morning. Since the attacks carried out tiba-tiba/mendadak, many Dutch soldiers who became casualties, of whom there were soldiers at the rank of Captain. Bally Barisan Merah 2 (two) people died of Arup bin Wahid and A. Rachman and two taken prisoner.

With the success of this first attack, then add to the efficacy of public confidence Bally Red deeds, so the more expressed their desire to fight the Dutch atta

.

Feb.8th and 9th 1949, Tanda Penerimaan Ontvangbewijs(Recieve) of Sending Pospakket with Wilhemina stamps.

February,11th.1949

On February 11, 1949 following an attack on the Dutch carried out jointly by the troops led by A. Fattah Leside and Barisan Merah Bally total 430 people led by Commander H. Abdul Hamid.

The battle took place in the Trench III Tungkal V. Rows of Red Bally fought bravely armed with machetes, saber, dagger and spear. In a battle going one on one duel. 45 (forty five) Bally Barisan Merah including Commander H. Abdul Hamid fall near the former plant padai Cang Kui Thurs. An Armed Forces and Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside wounded. In the Netherlands too many victims whose numbers were falling dapoat not known with certainty.

 Attack From the Trenches Bakau and death of Commander Adul

The first boat was placed at the front of the boat penglima Adul with Sergeant Major Murad CPM Alwi and two members of the CPM is Corporal Corporal Badari and Muhammad as well as 7 (seven) members of the Red Bally among others Abdullah. Sergeant Major CPM Buimin Hasan along with several members of the CPM and the Barisan Bally Red are on the boat finished third.

Once the troops are in the midst of the sea, met with a Dutch warship. Adul Commander and his friends immediately fired a shot aimed at the Dutch Army who were on board.

At once the shooting is intense from both sides. Commander Adul jumped into the water and swam towards the Dutch ship boarded the ship in order to invade the Dutch Army was on the ship. At the time of holding on to anchor the ship, Commander Adul kept mowed by machine-gun fire by the Dutch Army so that the handle apart and sinks do not arise again, the chief Adul fall in place.

Bally Red army commander Tungkal Area Abdusshamad Front (Commander Adul) (Photo May 1937 when he was in Johore Malaysia)

Belada soldiers continued firing machine gun that resulted in several broken or overturned boat, including boat which was Sergeant Major CPM. A. Murad Alwi. A member of Barisan Merah Bally who participated in the boat was shot and killed at that time also.

In a hail of bullets that the Dutch Army, Sergeant Major Murad Alwi trying to reach the coast of Ulu Kuala Tungkal Ladder King, by floating in water, breathe only through your nose, which sought to remain above the water surface. After a successful landing in trouble susuah Ladder King Ulu, Murad Alwi realized that his left hand got a bullet fired through the Netherlands.

From Ladder King Ulu, Murad Alwi headed Trenches Gompong where he met his friends who then took him to Beramitam and continues to the Gulf Nilau to get help and treatment.

In this battle, as many as 30 (thirty) members of the Barisan Bally Red and two CPM of Badari and Corporal Corporal Mohammed died, while 15 others were wounded, including Sergeant Major CPM. A. Murad Alwi. Sergeant Major CPM. Hasan Buimin with members of troops who are in a boat can save themselves and landed on the beach.

 Kuala Tungkal Dutch ship was attacked by Bally Red Army and Armed Forces by using boats and weapons swords and others. (Painting)

February,15th.1949

For the continuation of the struggle, it is necessary fundraiser / food in a more coordinated. Then on 15 February 1949 in Pembengis kulatungkal Jambi,set improvement board “Front Jungle”, namely:

Chairman: H. Shamsuddin (cum treasurer)

Vice Chairman: A. Sanusi (Teacher)

Penggempur Head: H. Saman (Head of Good Dyke)

Members: 1. Amri (Teacher)

2. H. Zakaria (Imam Mosque)

3. Alan (Member DPW)

4. Tarli (Member DPW)

Kitchen: People Pembengis

Supplies: Dharma Bhakti People

Information: Bureau of Information which consists of Hasan. AR, and Rusli Asrie Rashid Rashid.

Documentation: Head Masdar

With Wilderness Front refinement, then the preparations the resistance could be done better and planned, many donations from the community such as rice, coconuts, vegetables, chicken, fish, sugar, coffee, cigarettes and others were taken by boat or on foot. Not infrequently they come from enrolling to fight against the Dutch.

Special task lighting is to arouse the fighting spirit of the people, through leaflets that are made simple contents of the broadcast quoted ALL INDIA RADIO, BBC broadcasts to the Far East whose content is beneficial struggle.

Tools such as radio-Accu, stencils and typewriter obtained from people who voluntarily provide for the struggle. Accu radio donated by H. Dahlan was a businessman from Kuala Tungkal.

After beberpa times Pembengis were attacked by the Netherlands because it is situated not far from Kuala Tungkal about 7 (seven) Km, then felt insecure as the headquarters of the Front Rimba, Rimba therefore Front deployed administrators control every aspect of the place.

February ,23th.1949

The Jambi,Tanjung Jabung Kuala Tungkal Raid

 This raid occurred on February 23,  1949, the people who will engage in battle or red barret Bally had gathered in the village Pembengis Pembengis and has prepared the soup kitchen. People who become Barisan Merah Pria is dating from every Kepenghuluan (villages now) and each has brought a red cloth the size of 4 cm width and a length of 1 Meter stengah with traditional weapons according to the tribes in question, such as kris, spears , kampilan, sundang, machetes, cauliflower and others. Furthermore, the people will participate in conducting the raid, their names are recorded, which address, from which the village, noting the age and their families. Bally Red cloth should be worn at the time of invasion by forces including military forces, because in addition to the identification of members of the invading forces, is also the foundation of faith by deeds Bally Red every battle. Once everything has been prepared, then combined forces to leave the village it started moving toward the Trenches Gompong Pembengis, because this is the place Trenches Gompong final preparations, because of distance to the city of Kuala Tungkal only about an hour. In the Trenches Gompong is set on the division of groups, an explanation of the intended target, battle tactics, determine the special officers and the invasion of the Dutch defense strategies.

D. Formation of groups, leadership groups and target groups Invasion

1. After arriving in the Trenches Gompong, jumalah who will joined in the attack from the people amounted to 370 people and the Armed Forces of Indonesia as many as 30 people so that altogether 400 people. The first preparation, the examination of traditional weapons, like a dagger, the dagger, machete cauliflower, sundang, kampilan and others by a pawing weapon named Sahibar, which determined which ones should be brought guns invading and should not be taken. So all that will be joined in the attack did not kerkecuali TNI tested by eating pepper (sahang), where if that takes sahang or it was not spicy pepper, then they should not be invaded. Finally after all have provisions above, then the people of the 370 people who will fight terebut iktu allowed to go only 270 people with a military people plus 30 people, then who will conduct raids into the city of Kuala Tungkal only 300 people. To create the spirit and courage in this battle, given a drink of water that has been dijampi by the commander of the Red Bally H. Saman.

2. After finishing these studies, then arranged small groups of this number 300 men into 3 groups, all of which were assembled in three large groups, each of these three groups determined direction. Indonesian Armed Forces to be around groups of 10 people who directly amenjadi raid leader and as Vice drawn from the ranks of the people of Bally Red.

3. After the talks held between the Commander H. Saman Bally Red Army as the Commander and his staff leadership with the leadership battle Tungkal Front Area of ​​the National Army of Indonesia represented by Deputy Commander Cadet Sergeant Major Battle. AD. Madhan. AR and its commanders Sector are: Cadet Sergeant Major Anwarsyah Navy, as Commander Sergeant Major Sector II CPM Buimin Hasan, as the Commander Sector Commander III and Pol. Zulkarnain Idris as the Commander of Sector IV. From the results perebukan or negotiations have been able to set up leaders of the major groups III and at the same time also determine the target raid assault tactics and how to go back Kepangkalan Gompong Trenches.

4. From the results of these negotiations has been able to set the leadership of the propagators of the three groups and the division of the raid targets as well as offensive tactics are as follows:

a. Group I was led by Commander H. Saman and assigned as Deputy Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR targeting kepertahanan assault Dutch army in the office of Post (PO. Diamond Queen is now) and the defense of the Dutch Army at home right now Chief of Police. Movement of the attack was carried out after the group II and III attacked and burned the houses in the way the Port of Customs on the road in the Trenches I Ulu Palembang. The road taken by the group I was way students now, after moving from Simpang Gompong trench.

b. The task of the TNI led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR in group I was once seen fires in the Port of Ilir road as well as fires in the Trenches I and have a shootout, then the troops on the group I carry out attacks on Dutch soldiers in the post of Defence Police and the Post Office house with gunfire Kijanju Japanese machine guns and other weapons fire and threw hand grenades Japanese-made machine gun in place of the post office. Meanwhile troops pasuskan sling-led by the commander of the Red H. Saman began to move into town with cries of “Yes-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” and stormed kepertahanan dutch army.

5. Group II, chaired by the Sector Commander III CPM Buimin Sergeant Hasan and Commander Sector Commander Pol IV. Zulkarnain Idris, the Deputy of the Barisan Bally Red H. Sayamsuddin and M. Sanusi who has the task of moving towards the Port road, through the Fishermen’s circuitry, veering through the bridge through the back way towards the goal of the Great mesji houses would be burned. While the military led by Sergeant Major yasng CPM stand on the back of the Grand Mosque, in order to protect the troops who served the Red Bally burned houses in the way of the Port has been burned. Zulkarnain Idris Force Commander at the Crossroads Commander survive and if the houses had been burned in the street Seaport, then this forces the defense menghantan Dutch Army in Simpang Empat at home Rivai. Pamuncak ST. Fire houses in the street and the harbor is a commando attack on the burning of houses by the Group III conducted the attack from the Trenches I.

6. Group III was led by Cadet Sergeant Major AL. Arwansyah assisted by Sergeant Corporal Syamsik of AL and AL and Barisan Sakiban Bally Red headed by Head of Masdar. Task Group III, the main thing is to burn the houses in the area of ​​Palembang on the road and the road near the cemetery and destroy tanks of water available in each house. While the military to protect them dar those shots. Motion carried on the road if the Port has seen fire and had a shootout with the Dutch Army. Thus, the Dutch Army was besieged by seranagan of Ilir and ulu.

E. The course of the Battle

1. Arriving at the Simpang Parit Gompong, each group dispersed into three majors with a unanimous determination to uphold all the decisions and plan their invasion.

In the middle of the pitch-dark night around 2 move all groups to their respective targets:

a. Group I to the way students are now heading to the Dutch defense in the post office is now PO. Diamond Queen and the current police chief’s house.

b. Group II is now moving towards the road on the edge of Fisherman sungat Dyke II, then entered the bridge the road continues to the back of the Great Mosque, and the houses of the Port road.

c. Group III moves forward towards the path of Sriwijaya, langusng to the cemetery road continues to divide the two directions of the road and as well as towards Palembang umah police chief.

2. At 3:15 minutes midnight, the group II who holds the key to the raid, had managed to set fire to houses in the Port road, which is a sign for the group III started his movement set fire to houses in the cemetery road and the road Palembang at 4 pajar fire has been coloring the sky red both of Ilir Pelaguhan road or from Parit Ulu I have been shooting, the bullets like fireflies in the night, flying toward its target, a voice shouts Barisan Merah Bally called “YA-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram”, reverberated and echoed in pajar sidikini. They advanced without shaking to the Dutch Army kepertahanan with traditional weapons hump machetes, spears, swords, dagger, dagger and others. “Esa lost two fairly, never come into force retroactively dubalang, Fisabilillah their determination, martyrdom purpose”.

3. Among the Dutch army had panic attacks from Ilir and from Ulu, also accompanied by a thunderous shouts of Barisan Merah Pria then at that time also held a group I suddenly shots kepertahanan Dutch Army Post Office (PO. Queen of Diamonds) now and Police in the house (street Nusa Indah) now, accompanied dnegan throwing hand grenades made in Japan, along with Bally’s Red Army, led by Commander H. Saman with cries of “Yes-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” by firing a pistol in his left hand and right hand on the knob war kepertahanan Army invaded the Netherlands, followed by a red sash around the troops. From all directions from either side Ilir, as well as from the Middle gemuruhlah next Ulu and voice calls greatness “YA-ZALJALALI-WAL – Ikram” interspersed with shots of firearms, pasukana Dutch Army in the Post Office and Police Chief of home defense, began to leave defense they retreated towards the waterfront near the Ferry port now, while firing blindly, but the Barisan Merah Bally continues to pursue even if among them there are ayng shot the Dutch army. TNI troops, army come forward with ways to shoot a moving target, especially the Dutch troops are retreating, because given the bullets are extremely limited, and also members of these forces teleh use traditional weapons, like a dagger or a sword that has been revoked dibabkan bullets in their weapons have been depleted.

4. The morning sun has its light emitting dar UPUK east coincided with that bang-bang kancu martyrs and gun fire from the Dutch navy patrol boat in the river Pengabuan have caused explosions in downtown Kuala Tungkal both of Ilir, in Ulu and back-street Students, who as if to block the withdrawal of troops raid this way. The shooting mortars and cannon kancu of this ship did not stop approximately 3 hours.

5. The sky looked overcast, clouds covered the sky as if this vast and bi glimpsed through the clouds of sunlight that is about 5 feet high from the east UPUK. However ldakan-mortar explosion are still visible around the arena battles of the trenches I still shots karabon one-one that conducted by Cpl AL Sakiban target is not clear what is fired. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR signaling the Saman H. commander who at that time was behind the cliff path along with a few special men who accompanied him, in addition to the right at the intersection of four BNI now, while Cadet Sergeant Madhan. BRI AR are present in which the sign is to regularly retreat back to base. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR along with the soldiers I usman and Asnawi and Ilyas, who turns invisible warrior I finally know this (Ilyas) were killed at the time throwing grenades at the Post Defense Army Chief of Police of the Netherlands at home now. Commander H. Saman, along with some of his men saw Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR and two of his men began moving back toward the Dutch Army Defense Pos that have been abandoned, then the commander of H. Saman-even moving backwards calmly standing on foot despite mortar explosions still there. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR digundikan Dutch defense until after the Post Office, seen one automatic weapon Owen Holland-gun and one gun is the result of that battle.

6. At the time rewind back to this base, look fabric is used as stretchers to carry the members of Barisan Bally Red wounded from the street and road Sriwijaya Students, and other friends who are killed can not be brought back.

F. Cover

1. So … a little story of The War of Independence History of Struggle of the Republic of Indonesia in the District of Tanjung Jabung in general, kecamata Tungkal Ilir particular that really happen that we serve in Attractions Flashback. About the invasion of the Netherlands Army in defense of Kuala Tungkal, for combinations of the Indonesian national army and the people of the Barisan Bally Red line to the defense of the Dutch Army in the city of Kuala Tungkal, which is the power of “single” is a potent and powerful, which may eventually repulsed Army troops Holland has a complete and modern weaponry and as one of the allied forces who took part won World War II past.

2. The raid on Thursday night and Friday on February 23, 1949 but we can repel the Dutch troops, get 2 pieces of LE and an Owen gun-gun, then on the ranks of the TNI and the people of Red Bally, many of which fall as a nation and as kusuma martyrs, who numbered as many as 68 people

 

(5)February,26th.1949

The rare Federal State postal stationer smelt 2 sen type one G 95 with “Van Den”(type two  ,common with ven de) send from Padang to Padang Panjang(all west sumatra area  under federal state,except some village still under PDRI state.(this card send by my friend Wirako’s father,Dir MHI Ang Ie Siang)

Feb.23th.1949

23 February,1949

Basis battle acttacked move to  Pembengis village

Moved to Pembengis base invasion

After several raids from the sea which resulted in many casualties, then the elders of both the TNI and the Red Bally decided to divert the attack from the mainland. Location was chosen as the center / base to prepare the troops is Pembengis located approximately seven (7) km from Kuala Tungkal.

To support / coordinate the implementation of the attack through the Front Wilderness that has been enhanced to take care of receiving assistance from the public for purposes perjungan such as rice, coconuts, vegetables, fish, sugar, coffee, bread, cigarettes and others, in addition to registering and selecting those that expressed a desire to contribute to fight and fight against the Dutch Army,

For purposes, Forest Front, get a radio-aid batteries from H. Dahlan an entrepreneur that can be used to obtain useful information to better establish the continuation of the struggle. Information obtained by officers who are members of the Bureau of Information Wilderness Front transmitted to the public, among others, BBC Radio broadcast from the Far East for the benefit of struggle.

With the death of Commander and Commander H. Adul Abdul Hamid, the head of the Barisan Merah Bally replaced by Commander H. Saman, who had always accompanied the Commander Adul in raids against the Dutch Army.

In the final preparations to Kuala Tungkal invasion, have signed up to the board at Forest Front Pembengis number 1000 (one thousand) people to participate in fighting the Dutch attack, after selection by an assessment team received as many as 441 (four hundred and forty-one), the rest is prepared as a backup .

After all the preparations done, including practice teaching / practice Bally Red Direct Commander H. Saman, then on February 23, 1949 number of 441 (four hundred and forty-one) consisting of members of Bally Red line, the TNI, Police, Civilian Employee, Village Administrator and Village clergy, led by Pangluma H. Saman attacked the Dutch position in Kuala Tungkal. This attack meruapakan the greatest number of troops and the best preparation than with attacks carried out previously.

In Force attack was contained, among others:

1. Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR (representing the Sector Commander Tungkal 1023 Front Area) A. Fattah Leside being treated wounds, with 3 (three) members of the TNI, namely, Syamsik Sergeant, Corporal (L) and Cpl Sakiban Sahring CPM.

2. H. Shamsuddin (Chairman of the Front Wilderness / prince Tungkal III)

3. M. Sanusi (Vice-Chairman of the Front Wilderness)

4. Masdar Event (Head Tungkal Ilir)

5. Police Commander Zulkarnaen Idris, Bustami and others

Troops are divided into 21 (twenty one) group dipimpini by a Chairman and Vice-direct group led by Commander H. Saman. Departure done from Pembengis (Old Mosque) and before arriving in Kuala Tungkal stopped some time at the Masjid Parit Gompong while carrying out the practice Bally Red as final preparations prior to the raid.

Before dawn, troops stormed Kuala Tungkal, through the checkpoints Netherlands. Occurs single combat with unequal weapons. Bally Red troops set fire to houses in the neighborhood used as a residence / dormitory Dutch Army, without heeding shots Dutch engine, so a lot of Dutch soldiers out of fear and panic ran up to their war ships anchored at the jetty Kuala Tungkal.

After raged almost as long as 3 (three) hours, the Barisan Merah Bally resigned return to Pembengis leaving the victim sebayak 30 (thirty) people died as a hero. In the Netherlands also fell victims to death and many serious injuries and minor.

Since the attacks, the Dutch Army to make the barriers of barbed wire fence around their camp, so that military and Red Bally will not strike again. But in reality, the TNI and the Red Bally never stop the attack. Dutch soldiers who were patrolling out of camp is always blocked and intercepted by the TNI and the Barisan Merah Bally.

February,24th.1949

Tanda Penerimaaan _Ontvangbewij,(The recieved) of sending Pospakket from Toko Kie Batavia to Ambon with overprint Indonesia stamp 40 cent.

3.March

March 1

(1)Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)

(2) the very rare change of adressstationer 2  sen dancer stationer, send from Hollandia Ned New guinea (mnow west papua) to Tanjung Pandan Billiton (very rare city postmark of West Papua and Billiton island Sumatra)

March,4th.1949

(1)Ontvangbewijs (Recieved of sending) Pospakket cds Batavia centrum 4.3.49 with overprint Indonesia stamps 2×40 send and 2x1gld

(2)The chinese overseas Medical doctor,dentist and Apotheecers organization letter send to Dr Thung Batavia,with nica -USA stamp 1 and 2 cent.

March,7th.1949

The Money Order(Poswessel)  recieved CDS SALAM 7.3.49(The city near Magelang and mountain)

March,8th.1949

On March 8, 1949, again the combined military forces Kuala Tungkal Jambi and Bally Red with strength of 150 people (one hundred and fifty) people led by Commander H. Saman attacked the Dutch position in Kuala Tungkal. In this raid, 68 (sixty eight) Barisan Merah Bally fall, and in the Netherlands is expected to fall a victim who directly witnessed by the survivors back to base.

Panglima Camak Dari Sungai Undan (Riau)

Commander Camak From River Undan (Riau)

On March 8, 1949 Dutch Army troops landed in the village bay beehive, a member of Bally Red happened to be in the Gulf market beehive named H. Baslan saw Dutch troops landed, H. Bally Red line Baslan members armed with machetes hump. H. Baslan were fired upon with automatic weapons by the Dutch Army and the fall of the scene. H. Baslan semapt injured left arm of a Dutch Army (original Dutch)

March,9th.1949

Ontvangbewijs (Recieved of sending) Pospakket cds Batavia centrum 9.3.49 with  6×50 sen ,2×40 sen overprint Indonesia and 1 gld overprint indonesia(rate  4.8 gulden).

March,16th.1949

On March 16, 1949, Commander Camak Barisan leaders of the Red River Bally Undan (Riau) led the 250 (two hundred and fifty) troops march stormed Kuala Tungkal Bally. Participated in this raid 25 (twenty five) troops led by Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR.

Troops dispatched from the Old Mosque Pembengis. In this raid, Commander Camak under a hail of bullets fired by the Dutch invaded with his army, jumped over the barbed wire directly invaded the Netherlands in the camp. Semantara troops kept firing to protect them. Because the unbalanced force which forces the Red Bally only use sharp weapons such as machetes, swords, dagger, dagger, spear and the like. While the Netherlands using modern senajata automatic machine guns and other like-lai, Bally Red Army withdrew back to Pembengis. In battle, the commander Camak with 36 (thirty six) members of Barisan Merah Bally fall.

J. Sector Headquarters 1023 always moving

After several times attacked by military forces along the Barisan Merah Bally, based in Pembengis, the Dutch Army increased patrols to Pembengis and surrounding both by sea using BO patrol boat equipped with heavy weapons as well as by land from the Trenches Gompong so pembengis not safe anymore .

1023 Tungkal Area Sector Commander Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Laside with staff.
Standing in front from left to right: Sergeant Major Moerad Alwie, Madhan Cadet Sergeant Major AR, A. Young Lieutenant Fattah Laside and Sakiban. Squatting in front of Major Buimin Hasan.

For further struggle interests of the loading and preparation struggle berpinda-moved from place to place (mobile). Sector Commander Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside first move its headquarters to the Trenches Trench VII, then to the Mangrove, River Gebar and last base of the spines / Punggur River.

Strategy and tactics of the struggle then continue to use the strategy and tactics of war grilya (hita-and-run). In order for the strategy and tactics are run more efficiently and effectively, therefore 1023/Tungkal Sector structure Sector Area or Area Tungkal enhanced by including the following:

Sector Commander / Battle:
Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside accompanied by Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdana Kusuma.

Vice Commander:
Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR.

Sub-Sector Commander Betara River / Ditch Deli:
Sergeant Major (L) T. Anwar Shah.

Pengabuan River Sub-Sector Commander:
Sergeant Major CPM A. Murad Alwi.

In addition there are several Unity Unity Tempur Tempur ie, each led by Sergeant Major CPM Buimin Hasan, Idris Zulkarnaian Police Commander, Sergeant Major (L) Sanusi and Sakiban moving from place to place (mobile). For the Dutch guerrilla attack. Until the announcement of the Cease Fire Ipenghentian shootout / ceasefire). Pengahadangan against Dutch troops continue to be made of them in Punggur River, Gulf of beehive, paar serindit River, Market Nilau Bay, River and other Gebar

 

March,17th.1949

The Diensbriefkaaart(Official Postcard),free stamp of Landsdrukkereij Batavai(Official printing) send from batavia to Semarang.

March,19th.1949

The Chan’s Book Store promotional cover send from  CDS Batavia centrum to Probolinggo with dancer 3 cent stamp.

March,24th.1949

the rare federal state postal stationer smelt 5 sen type one G 95 with van den,send  from Padang to Padang Panjang(this card send from my friend wirako’s father to my father in law- the family historic collections)

 

March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy

4.April


Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

April,2nd.1949

The postally used cover CDS Bandoeng ,the capital city Pasundan State of Indonesia Federaal

April 6th.1949.

91)United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.

(2) The picuters of Malioboro road corner, during the PTT repaired the phone cables.

April,12th.1949

 the battle on the River Gebar in April 1949, dutch temtara patrol intercepted by navy troops led by Sergeant Major (L) T. Anwar Shah was accompanied by Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdanan Kusuma. After fighting a long time since losing in the number and types of weapons, troops backed by the victim’s 3 (three) people were slightly injured among them Lieutenant (N) Makky Perdanan dip aha Kusuma shot left.

April 12, 1949, Dutch soldiers using heavily armed BO ship docked in Bay Village Market NIlau, by landing troops by fully armed. Seeing the Dutch army landed, the troops march Bally Red spread around the Gulf Market Nilau, see the Dutch soldiers who were walking hand in hand towards the mainland, a member of the Barisan Bally named Aban Red Army invaded the Netherlands alone, have not had time to get to the Dutch Army troops, Aban has Automatic weapons were fired upon by the Dutch Army and Aban died the scene.

K. KL soldiers. Netherlands In the Capture

In early April 1949 after the headquarters moved to the Base of Sector 1023 Duri, a Dutch war ship approached the shore Jetty spines. Earlier the Dutch Army had been frequently patrolling the base of spines around the coast because that area 1023/Tungkal Sector headquarters are in this place.

The warship filled with native Dutch soldiers called Koningkelijke Leger (KL). Before arriving in Kuala Jetty Duri, the ship ran aground in the middle of the ocean because the water was receding. With a lifeboat 3 (three) persons to kuala Jetty Dutch soldiers with the intention of investigating the situation spines, but not biased to land because of low tide.

A Dutch Navy who were captured by the army of the republic of Indonesia (TRI)

being interrogated by Lieutenant Young A. Haddy D. Head III.

One of them by using a fishing boat that was passing by tried to reach land Jetty Kuala spines where there are houses and a Post Customs (Customs). Before samapi on the mainland, a boat accidentally overturned by the owner, then by the population residing in Kuala Jetty Duri Dutch Army is busy-busy arrested and taken to River Punggur, of whom helped Adnan Hasibuan a Customs Officer on duty at Jetty Kuala Duri .

Looking at these events, two Dutch soldiers who were on the boat right back to the ship. River Punggur Dutch soldiers were taken to the Sector Commander 1023 A. Fattah Leside was examined by Lieutenant Young A. Hadi Chief of Bureau III? Intel’s Northern Front, which happened to be in the village in order to help their duties in a combat situation Tungkal Front Area.

In the afternoon a patrol boat equipped with a BO Dutch heavy and light weapons opened fire towards the Jetty Kuala Sungai Punggur spines and without a definite direction (blindly). Dutch soldiers went ashore and then continue shooting. Apsukan TNI withdrew kepedalaman while shooting a reply to slow down the Dutch Army. In the event thirty (30) residents were arrested by the Dutch and taken to the Kuala Tungkal.

Lieutenant Young A. Haddy D. Head III Intel TNI

April,13th.1949

the rare Indonesia federal state letter sheet(Postblad-warkatpos) postal stationer queen wilhelmina  10 cent send from Pasundan state capital ,Bandung to Batavia(Jakarta)

April 16th.1949.

Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.the latest information the tomb of Tan Malaka was found,the bone is DNA test and cofirmed.

April 22th.1949.

 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.

April,23th.1949

Free of Revenue,Acte van overleiden(Deth Certificate) od Batavia for European people  (Rosalia Julia Lapre.)

5.Mei

(1)Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.

(2) Sadar _Ontwaken magazine,Mei 1949-The chinese overseas magazined lead by Thio In Lok ,every one month. intersting info about Pao An Tui.

In the unconscious has been described by colleagues Soegardo about PAT (Pao’s tui) which summarily describes that PAT is only logical that there is, for defending the rights of the Chinese nation has. Among the many questions surrounding the establishment of PAT, it is our attention, that all fees that amount is not small shouldered by the Chinese community itself, so that by the time the organization has never sounded kesahnya complaints about financially, could be the water as the Chinese community and the PAT as a fish . But the situation at that time was really sad karewna kwmungkinan PAT dissolution exists, financial kiarena not suffice. If PAT is dissolved, menunjukn that Chinese society is still too weak in the union to mengalang an organization to defend human rights. No one has objected the PAT in Indonesia, which defended the rights of Chinese people as no other person able to membelanya.Tidak there was a broad outlook will Indonesiapun with this prizip meolak. (Parent Iwan spoke about how the leadership of Dr. Poh An Tui city Padang, Chinese dilingkungankampung maintain and defend the legendary Chinese moans of other tribes, such as Tanah Kongsi burning efforts by spraying petrol dikalikecil, Dr. Iwan still remember the night-maolam told n = mengunsi home Ntjek Ko Lai because he wanted dibakar. Small-time record of dr iwan

Didalam sadar pernah diuaraikan oleh rekan Soegardo tentang PAT(Pao an tui) yang ringkasnya melukiskan bahwa sudah sewajarnya PAT itu ada, untuk membela hak-has azasi dari bangsa Tionghoa. Diantara banyak soal sekitar pendirian PAT ,adalah sangat menarik perhatian kita,bahwa segala biaya yang jumlahnya tidak sedikit dipikul oleh masyarakat Tionghoa sendiri,sehingga pada waktu organisasi itu tidak pernah kedengaran keluh-kesahnya soal finasial ,bisa merupakan air sebagai masyarakat Tionghoa dan PAT sebagai ikannya.Tetapi keadaan pada waktu itu sungguh menyedihkan karewna kwmungkinan dibubarkannya PAT itu ada, kiarena keuangan tidak mencukupkan. Jika PAT dibubarkan ,menunjukn bahwa masyarakat Tionghoa masih terlampau lemah dalam persatuannya untuk mengalang suatu organisasi guna membela hak azasi. Tak ada seorangpun yang keberatan adanya PAT di Indonesia ini,yang membela hak azasi bangsa Tionghoa karena tidak ada lain orang yang mampu membelanya.Tidak ada seorang Indonesiapun dengan pandangan luas akan meolak prizip ini.(Orang Tua Dr Iwan bercerita bagaimana pimpinan Poh An Tui kota Padang,dilingkungankampung Tionghoa menjaga dan membela kaum Tionghoa daris erangan suku lain,seperti upaya membakar Tanah Kongsi dengan menyiramkan bensi dikalikecil, Dr iwan Masih ingat malam-maolam disuruh mengungsi ke rumah Ntjek Ko Lai karena katanya Kali Kecil mau dibakar.-catatan dr iwan)

MAY,5TH.1949

MAY, 5TH. 1949

 THE BATTLE AT FORT HURABA

1) On May 5, 1949 at around 04.00.Wib Dutch Army from Pijor koling held siege attack of four majors, assisted by 2 members of Mobile Brigade road Bookmarks Tapanuli named MAKALEO and Syamsul Bahri, the Dutch attack was captured FORT HURABA, Troops MBK Tapanuli in Fort Huraba Tolang and retreated to his native troops led brigade-B CAPTAIN ROBINSON Hutapea back to Kampung Tolang

2) Arriving in the village of MAS Tolang KADIRAN collect all the existing forces and ordered the attack on replies to the Dutch troops who have occupied FORT HURABA, Battle happen again with the help of troops firing mortars KADIRAN MAS can be expelled from FORT HURABA and at 16.30.Wib FORT HURABA can the reclaim and Dutch troops retreated into the field of battle FORT Sidempuan HURABA losses in the troops led by MAS members MBK KADIRAN 10 people were killed, 12 people from the Forces Brigade – B were killed and losses Weapons.

3) After the Dutch troops retreated from FORT HURABA Dutch troops never again attack the FORT HURABA, only MAS KADIRAN never received a letter from the Dutch in Padang Sidempuan Army to surrender and give up when the going gets Position, but the letter was returned by the MAS KADIRAN delivered by a woman trader named MARIAM the contents of the letter reads “WE DO NOT WANT TO MEYERAH ..!!! PLEASE COME TO FORT HURABA IF TRUE MASTER – MASTER want to colonize. WE THANK-BEANS BEANS WITH OUR “

4) With the CEACH FIRE in September 1949 the MAS KADIRAN A commander of the Battle Command Battle Fortress Fortress Huraba submit to Aiptu USMAN Huraba Danki – A MBK Tapanuli and Mas Kadiran Penyabungan left to take care of everything in case of delivery of the purposes of sovereignty and Weigh received by Dutch Army.

r. PUTTING POLICE CHIEF POSITION NORTH SUMATRA

Penyabungan city is the capital of South Tapanuli, after the city of Padang Sidempuan in the Dutch Army controlled, as the Civil Administration / Regent is KING LUBIS lord, is the king Oloan police chief and commander of troops is a MAJOR Bejo. For the Chief Constable of North Sumatra occurred Kepakuman because at Sibolga and Dutch troops occupied Sidempuan P. DARWIN’S FATHER KARIM Kapala as North Sumatra Police went to Paya Kumbu, then proposed by MAS KARIM DARWIN’S FATHER KADIRAN to lead the police in North Sumatra.

s. POLICE TRAINING IN FIRST CHRISTMAS

With the CEACH FIRE / truce, and no longer Dutch attacks as head of the MAS KADIRAN MBK Tapanuli DARWIN’S FATHER KARIM propose to add members to MBK Tapanuli and practice it, the proposal to be approved later KADIRAN MAS Mas Kadiran choose Youth-Youth of the Guerrilla Merapi 60 people and of the Brigade – B led MAJOR Bejo as many as 50 people. The next 110 Youth Education gets sent keNataluntuk Police and other exercises and as Chief of Police Education and Training. North Sumatra Police chief Adjunct Senior Commissioner DARWIN KARIM lift Iptu Ibn as Chief of Police Education and Training at Christmas.

t. Mobile Brigade residency Tapanuli

ASKED TO BE ORGANIC army

MAS KADIRAN summoned FATHER SAID UMAR Sumatra Police chief in Bonjol, Mr. Umar Said asks you about the status of the Mas Kadiran Tapanuli MBK “WHAT IS ORGANIC Mobile Brigade SIGN IN OR REMAIN IN POLICE Army ‘Mas Kadiran then replied” IF WE ARE STILL IN NEED WORKERS IN POLICE THEN WE WILL CONTINUE TO BE A MEMBER OF POLICE BECAUSE WE ARE STRIVING FOR INDEPENDENCE OF THE POLICE IS “thus Sumatra Police chief Mr Umar Said That set MBK Tapanuli remain in the Police and the rank was raised to MAS KADIRAN KLS POLICE COMMISSIONER-II with Position COMMANDERS BIG CAR Brigade – I SUMUT – ACEH, after inauguration the next day please Mas Kadiran Prayer Restu to Mr. Said Omar to return to Penyabungan and when he got in Penyabungan reports to the Chief Constable of North Sumatra Mr. Darwin Karim.

May 7th.1949.

“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.

Based on Aneta information Jakarta said the Republic Radio “Voice of Sumatra” the PDRI government  about Van Royen-Roem Agreement. The PDRI goverenment accept the Roem-Royen agreement on  such codition(atas syarat-syarat) :

a) Pasoekan Republik harus diperkenankan tetap menduduki posisi yang ada ditempatnya sekarang.

b)Tentara Belanda haruslah dengan perlahan-lahan ditarik mundur dari posisinya sekarang ini.

c)Pengembalian Pemrintahan Republik ke Djokja haruslah dengan tidak bersyarat(tanpa syarat)

d)Souvereinieteit (Kedaulatan)Republik atas Jawa,Sumatra,madura serta pulau-pulau sekitarnya,harus diakui oleh Belanda menurut perjanjian Linggarjati.

May,16th.1949.

The Postally Used Lettersheet postblad warkatpos ,from Batavia(Jakarta) to Semarang.with Wilhelmina stamps 10 sen.

May,25th.1949

General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.

May,31th.1949.

(1)On May,31th.1949,

Panittia status Tapanoeli telah mengadakan suatu rapat di Taroetoeng yang dihadiri oleh lebih kurang 200 orang yang mewakili seluruh masyarakat demikian”Aneka”. Diantara para hadirin juga terdapat beberapa orang terkemuka yang berhaluan Republik. Setelah diadakan suatu perdebatan yang panjang lebar,maka rapat mengambil suatu resolusi ,dimana disetujui status ketatanegaraan untuk tapanuli. Dalam suatu rapat di Balige,yang dihadiri oleh lebih kurang 700 orang, telah disetujui tujuan panitia status Tapanoeli. Pembentukan suatu Dewan Perwakilan Tapanoeli telah diperbincangkan dengan teliti,bahkan telah disertai dengan perayaan,demikian Aneta. Selanuutjnya juga di Sibolga telah diadakan rapat untuk memperbincangkan hal ini.Untuk pekerjaaan pembangunan kembali telah dibentuk suatu panitia yang diberinama “Pembangunan Bersama Saerah Tapanoeli”

(2) Postally used Posttas stationer card 5 sen send from bogor to Jatinegara,Prison  Bukit duri, a letter to the custodian at Bukit Duri prison with their officias stamped:” de factory Gevangenen kamp meester cornelis(very rare and only one ever seen-Dr Iwan note)

the letter :

Bogor 01/31/49

greetings and Happy

Thank God we say to the Divine Presence, this is blown over the first of our mouths, I arrived home safely.

Mas (elder brother) was ketir scenery and atmosphere, very different from what dahulu.Apa-aspired to in the fumble prisoners will all but I am not surprised.

While this is in addition to working on something, just stay home writing maaaf. Bogor air (air) was dinggin once.

  Sofyan bung in Bogor is still working. What are the kurasai. only then can I be glad when there is no longer prisoners in Bukit Duri. Mas all these signs of suhardja letter, tell the brothers. Sorry for the other brothers

Bogor 31/1.49

salam dan Bahagia

Alhamdulilah kami ucapkan kepada hadirat Ilahi, atas inilah yang terhembus pertama-tama dari mulut kami,dengan selamat saya tiba dirumah.

Mas(elder brother) memang ketir pemandangan dan suasana ,amatlah berbeda dengan dahulu.Apa-apa yang dicita-citakan dalam tawanan meleset semua akan tetapi saya tidak heran.

Sementara ini selain mengerjakan sesuatu,hanya tinggal dirumah menulis maaaf. Bogor udaranya (hawa) terasa dinggin sekali.

 bung Sofyan ada di Bogor masih  bekerja. Sedang apa yang kurasai. saya barulah dapat bersenang hati bila tak ada tawanan lagi di Bukit Duri. Mas semua inilah tanda surat dari suhardja,katakan kepada saudara-saudara. Kasihan pada saudara-saudara yang lain. 

6.June

June,7th,1949

the rare change of adress dancer 2 cen added overprint Indonesia federaal stampF 1.-,postally used via airmail from Malili(rare area) to Semarang ,

June,10th.1949

(1)Postally used circulair letter from the chineseoversees  Medical Doctor,Dental health and aphothekeer organiztions ,alaydrus street ,Central jacarta to the member with federal usa printing stamps 1 and 2 cent.

(2)Menurut keterangan Sultan Djokja ,pada hari ini lebih kurang seratus orang pembesar Republik dan orang partikelir beserta keluarga,oleh Belanda telah diangkut dari Magelang ke Djokja. Sebagai alasan orang-orang itu dianggap berbahaya untuk keamanan dan ketertiban  umum serta mereka mendapat pangilan pemerintah Repoeblik,sedangkan hal tersebut ternyata tidak benar.Hal ini telah dilaporkan kepada ketua delegasi Republik,supaya dengan perantaraan PBB diajukan protes.

Keterangan Sultan yang kedua ,mengenai soal pelemparan granat tangan dihalaman tempat kediaman Iboe Soekarno.Sultan menerangkan ,bahwa difihak orang Belanda ingin memperlihatkan kepada dunia ketridak sanggupan pemerintah republik untuk mempertahankan keamana dan ketertiban,jika telah dikembalikan ke Djokja dan bahwa kejadian itu dibesar-besarkan. Kabar yang mengatakan bersumber dari pihak Republik,bahwa granat tangan itu dilempar oleh pihak FDR dan bukanlah oleh PKI,menurut Sultan pihak resmi Republik sama sekali tidak tahu dan sampai sekarang rtidak ada bukti bahwa orang Indonesia yang telah melemparkanya. Akhirnyaditerangkan oleh Sultan bahwa sampai pada waktu Pemerintak Republik dikembalikan,maka tentara Belanda bertanggung Jawab atas keamanan penduduk di Djokja.

Sultan Jogja menerangkan dalam konperensi pers di Djokja sekembalinya dari kunjungan ke Jakarta dan Bangka ,bahwa kunjungan tersebut memberikan kepuasan. Mungkin dalam minggu ini akan diumumkan, kapan berlangsungnya penyerahan kekuasaan di Djokja oleh Belanda kepada republik.Kembalinya Presiden Soekarno dan Drs Moh Hatta beserta pemimpin rfepubli lainnya, sangat bisa terjadi dua atau tiga hari steelah terjadi penyerahan kedaulatan tersebut,hal ini juga tergantung kepada  keresidenan Djokja.

KETERANG Dr SOEKIMAN, Ketua Masjumi dr Soekimanpun telah memberi satu uraian yang panjang lebar tentang kunjungan Hatta ke Aceh. dikatakannya rombongan Hatta sangat menyesal karena sudah tidak dapat bertemu muka dengan Mr Sjafroeddin,akan tetapi ini tidaklah mengakibatkan hal yang tidak enak. Dr Soekiman menegaskan bahwa seluruh Aceh ada menyokong kesepakatan  van Royen-Roem.Sebelumnya Hatta datang di Aceh,pihak PNI sangat menentang persetujuan itu, akan tetapi pendirian ini telah berubah setelah Mr Ali Sastroamidjojo memberikan keterangan selengkapnya.  Dr Soekiman menceritakan juga, bahwa pada waktu sebelumnya rombongan pemimpin republik datang, lapangan terbang Longah di Aceh telah ditembaki dengan sanpan mesin dan dibom dari udara oleh pasukan Belanda.Tapi pihak militer belanda yang berkuasa menyangkal dengan keras keterangan tersbut diatas.

Pembantu Mimbar Oemoem di Djokja memberikan informasi dari Dr Halim,seorang anggota Badan Pekerja KNI(Komite nasional Indoensia), ia menerangkan bahwa setelah Pemerintah Republik nanti kembali ke Djokja, pada pokoknya ia setuju sekali dengan adanya kabinet parlementer , karena lebih demokratis dari kabinet Presidentiel. Tetapi menilik suasana pada waktu ini, justru dalam waktu peralihan ,figur-figur seperti Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta yang tidak terikat dalam salah satu patai atau golongan , masih diperlukan untuk dapat mengatasi segala pertentangan partai dan golongan sekalipun mereka itu  sebagai manusia juga tidak luput dari kesalahan dan kekurangan. Dr Halim setuju sekali bila diadakan resuffle kabinet buat menganti beberapa orang yang dipandang kurang kuat.

INTERVIEW WITH THE RESULTS dr.j.h. van Royen by BMDiah leader Merdeka newspaper published in the Daily Panarangan:

a. Apabilakah conceivably pemrintah Republican masters to come back? The answer: The Return of the Republic to Djokja is preceded by two terms: the evacuation of civilians and the achievement of a formula to hold a “Cease fuire order” which is being discussed by the two sub-commission for it, and I hope by the end of this week reached a command to stop fighting . Then with the Dutch troops will be withdrawn segrara mundur.Ini at least take a week and I beraharap at the end of this week reached a command to stop fighting.

b. The Conference will be held Bilakan bunda.Jawabannya table: Selaks as possible, I hope that after the Republic back and aprlemennya approve the agreement was made, it will be taken as a date destination July 15 to hold a Round table conference.

c.Bagaimanakah may hold an agency representative to welcome kedaulatn.Jika right for freedom and limited state of mind this people? only in Dutch-controlled area for those who want to follow the lead of the Netherlands while the class of the republic can not speak? he replied: I think the will of the people and independence of thought has already been firmly expressed desire for independence that would not indicate that there is a real will of the people? not the greatness of the popularity of President soekarno it as fact will of the people? However, regarding the matter of election of some form of state or constitutional legendary esuatu Indomnesia area had to be done together under international supervision. If the Dutch troops had withdrawn from the areas occupied by itself for both parties, for the followers of the Republic there is no reason to say that they are oppressed to express their opinions and for those who think differently should be gaining independence cukup.Pemilihan so this should be done under international supervision. In this case the limits of something where the sound was to be done pemunggutan also in harmony with a healthy mind. Self-determination sendir it properly recognized, but also in this great little area must ditemntukan first, for example by a constituent assembly.

d) if the master trust in the current Republican leaders opposed to host negotiations? answer: I sunguh put their trust in them. in connection with this question, the chairman of the Dutch delegation was advancing petanyaan replies: “Are People Indonesia will put their trust in them, also Kapau transfer of sovereignty has been done, we Jawan: Stay at least to their confidence in the Indonesian People depend on their results in the fight for independence by way talks with the host delegation led (headed), also with the wisdom of his leadership in running the master Lovink ini.Apabila approvals done in the land can be implemented with the help of masters and kepercayaabn Indonesia into larger nation against the Dutch government’s intention, then their position will be stronger and higher also harhat and their degrees in the eyes of the people, the more the days after the transfer of sovereignty.

FACTS ABOUT MR Roem RETURNS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJOKJA.Dalam a question and answer between the editor in chief harin Indonesia Merdeka with delegation chairman Mr.Moh.Roem, he stated that the Government return to Djokja Rrepublik within the next week is not yet possible, but can be expected to occur in this June as well. As is known by the sound of a communique slah United Nations Commission for Indonesia, the return of republican government may hope will happen daslam mid-June and the day that the Sultan of Yogyakarta ditentukan.Saat not been able to take over the government leadership seluruj Jogja around the 20th of June.

To the question whether the delay in the return of government to Djokja RFepublik caused difficulties djumpai about cease fire, Mr. Roem replied, delayed because of problems of refugees and the withdrawal of Dutch troops.

(Source of info: Panarangan Newspaper, Padang, 16 june 19 549)

 
 

HASIL WAWANCARA DENGAN dr.j.h. van Royen oleh  B.M.Diah pemimpin surat kabar Merdeka yang dimuat dalam harian Panarangan:

a. Apabilakah menurut pikiran tuan pemrintah Republik Dapat kembali? Jawabannya: Kembalinya Republik ke Djokja adalah didahului oleh dua syarat: evakuasi orang sipil dan kedua tercapainya suatu formula untuk mengadakan “Cease fuire order” yang sedang dibicarakan oleh kedua sub-komisi untuk itu,dan saya berharap pada akhir minggu ini tercapai bentuk perintah menghentikan pertempuran. Kemudian dengan segrara pasukan belanda akan ditarik mundur.Ini sekurang-kurangnya memakan waktu satu minggu dan saya beraharap pada akhir minggu ini tercapai bentuk perintah menghentikan pertempuran.

b. Bilakan akan diadakan Konperensi meja bunda.Jawabannya : Selaks-lekasnya,saya harap sesudah Republik kembali dan aprlemennya menyetujui persetujuan yang dibuat, maka akan diambil sebagai tanggal tujuan 15 Juli untuk mengadakan konperensi meja Bundar.

c.Bagaimanakah mungkin mengadakan suatu badan yang representatif untuk menyambut kedaulatan.Jika hak kemerdekaan dan menyatakan pikiran rakyat itu terbatas?hanya pada daerah yang dikuasai Belanda bagi mereka yang mau mengikuti pimpinan Belanda sedangkan golongan republik tidak dapat bersuara?jawabnya : Menurut hemat saya kehendak rakyat itu dan kemerdekaan menyatakan pikiran itu sudah tegas bukankah  keinginan untuk kemerdekaan itu menunjukkan bahwa ada kehendak rakyat yang nyata? bukankah kebesaran popularitas Presiden soekarno itu sebagai kenyataan kehendak rakyat? Akan tetapi mengenai soal pemilihan sesuatu bentuk negara atau ketatanegaraan daris esuatu daerah Indomnesia memang harus dilakukan bersama dibawah pengawasan Internasional. Apabila tentara belanda sudah ditarik dari daerah yang diduduki dengan sendirinya bagi kedua belah pihak,bagi pengikut Republik tidak ada alasan mengatakan bahwa mereka ditindas untuk menyatakan pendapatnya dan bagi mereka yang berpikiran  lain haruslah mendapat kemerdekaan cukup.Pemilihan demikian ini harus dilakukan dibawah pengawasan Internasional. Dalam hal ini batas-batas sesuatu tempat dimana dilakukan pemunggutan suara itu haruslah pula selaras dengan pikiran yang sehat. Hak menentukan nasib sendir itu benar diakui,tetapi juga dalam hal ini besar kecil daerah itu harus ditemntukan lebih dahulu,umpamanya oleh konstituante.

d) apakah tuan menaruh kepercayaan pada pemimpin Republik yang sekarang lawan tuan berunding?jawabannya: Saya sunguh menaruh kepercayaan kepada mereka. berhubung dengan pertanyaan ini,ketua delegasi belanda itu memajukan petanyaan balasan:”Apakah Rakyat Indonesia akan menaruh kepercayaan kepada mereka,juga kapau penyerahan kedaulatan  sudah dilakukan, jawan kita : Tetap tidaknya kepercayaan Rakyat Indonesia kepada mereka tergantung kepada hasil mereka dalam memperjuangkan kemerdekaan dengan jalan berunding dengan delegasi yang tuan pimpin(ketuai),Juga dengan kebijaksanaan tuan Lovink dalam menjalankan pimpinannya dinegeri ini.Apabila persetujuan yang diperbuat dapat dilaksanakan dengan penuh bantuan tuan-tuan dan kepercayaabn bangsa Indonesia menjadi lebih besar terhadap maksud pemerintah Belanda,maka kedudukan mereka akan lebih kuat  dan lebih tinggi pula harhat dan derajat mereka dimata rakyat,lebih-lebih dimasa sesudah penyerahan kedaulatan.

KETERANGAN MR ROEM TENTANG PENGEMBALIAN PEMERINTAHAN REPUBLIK KE DJOKJA.Dalam suatu tanya jawab antara pemimpin redaksi harin Merdekan denga ketua delegasi Indonesia Mr.Moh.Roem, beliau menyatakan bahwa pengembalian Pemerintah Rrepublik ke Djokja  dalam minggu depan ini belum mungkin , tapi bisa diharap akan terjadi dalam bulan Juni ini juga. Seperti diketahui menurut bunyi slah satu komunike Komisi PBB untuk Indonesia,pengembalian pemerintahan republik dapat diharap akan terjadi dalam pertengahan bulan Juni dan harinya tidak ditentukan.Saat itu Sultan Jogja sudah dapat mengambil alih pimpinan pemerintahan seluruj Jogja sekitar tanggal 20 juni.

Atas pertanyaan apakah tertundanya pengembalian pemerintahan Republik ke Djokja disebabkan kesukaran yang djumpai soal cease fire, Mr Roem menjawab, tertunda karena adanya soal pengungsi dan penarikan tentara Belanda.

(sumber info: Panarangan Newspaper,Padang,16 june 19549)

June,13th.1949

Mr.Mohammad Roem visit “Sekolah RakyaT”(people school” at Dukuh (two photo)

June,14th.1949

Mr van Maarseveen had pointed as the Dutch menistry of oversees area(menteri usrusa n saerah seberang lautan) , and the menistry will visit Indonesia in order the get the general situation, and Mr van Schaik as the Dutch menistry of internal affair(menteri dalam Negeri)

June,16th.1949

(1)The Postal used letetr from Chinese oversead Medical doctor,Dentish and Aphother organization with NICA USA stamps 2 sen dan 1 sen.

(2)The Federal state PTT official letter to Mr Soewil first Class officer PTT Padang from the Chief of PTTT 4th area (Sumatra) C.den Haan about mr Soewil moving to Laboehan Bilik Est sumatra.

(3)PANARAGAN NEWS PAPER from PADANG

Information from Panarangan newspaper from Padang West Sumatra Wensday,June,15th.1949.,:

(1)Round Table Conference at Den Haag May be Agust 1st 1949.

(2)The PDRI(Pemrintah Daroerat Rep8ublik Indonesia) accept the Roem-Royen Agreement with condition(dengan syatat)

(3) Dutch must “Mengakui Kedaulatan” the sovereign of Republic Indonesia State (NRI) on Java,sumatra,Madura and the island around it

(4)The Federalis of Sumatra want to meet Mr Sjafroeddin: Warta Indonesia newspaper had recievd informations that the Sumatra Federalis leaders want to meet the leader of PDRI(Pemerintah Daroerat Repoeblik Indonesia) ,Mr Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara.The Main speking about the status of Aceh and Nias to the Sumatra Federal state and the  status of Sumatra in relationship commjunication with another area in Indonesia.

.

June,19th,1949

(1) The very rare Est Sumatra Stae(Negara sumatra Timur) Merriage act(Surat Kawin Negraa Sumatra Timur Bahagian agama ,with the emblem of NST.)

(2)June, 11th.1949
Postally used cover from cds batavia centrum to Jogja, with 10 cent wilh  wilhelmina stamp.the included love letter:

My thoughts.

At a time when dusk blind chickens, mountains visible in the sky golden yellow, signifying the king’s almost night and day.

There was no view except from the sky that surround the house hatiku.Dibelakang porters and field, faint eye could see that look just tegals verdant. The city that became the center of my life. The first time I began to see the natural beauty authorized.

… City of Jakarta, a city that permai.Hati Nica-flirt seduce the news Lien family circumstances disini.Kebetulan dik at that time I was playing around at home like Ni and we were sitting diserambi muka.Sekonyang suddenly there came a letter carrying postbode addressed to Ms. Ni and saw the letter before I can know that the letter from Dik Lien. After we settle for words and we chatted to go home, feeling that it received a letter from a friend or sis comes home famili.After  stepped into the room really was a letter located on the table. Whose letter from hell?

I know the last new letter from you and the inner I  understand. with news and discussion of the letter was as if a fortune alighted dibadanku, well, apparently dik Lien wrote kemari.Aku count (say) many thanks for your kindness that the brothers want to waste the time to write letters and will not forget us family here, hopefully saj onwards. Have younger brother received a letter from dik Seger, they all have in Semarang open. Hanyas my family who still live in Yogyakarta, the same mother and my sister is in salatiga, only the father who still  living in mobile jogya.We  always thinking about it why they can not go back as soon as possible bersama.Mungkin dik Lien had received a letter from Supartinah salatiga. Perhaps they were still there long, since waiting for the arrival of the father of Jogya.Kami herein have not been to school only temporarily akat take privatlessen pending in August is coming up and we had to comply with the Federal government, because there was no school here, but not why the sister Republic of study and participate remember in my soul like a son of Indonesia. Lien dik certainly not going to open the school.Wah kasiahan deh if  remember the  kid in Yogyakarta patiently educating school, It will soon be restored, by itself you can study  with tenang as usual.

seringkah (always) dik Lien met with Sud. He was still with you. Does he always tells me its after my peaving .How  close to him to convey greetings.

Well so enough news from me, worship me for RAMA (father ), tante (aunt ) and Mukarta Mbak, Mas Slamet and thank you …… unforgetable my nationality salut for you , MERDEKA!

 

June,21th.1949

COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Het uitrollen van rubbersheets in een rubberfabriek te Naga Timbool TMnr 60014061.jpg

the rare postcard from Onderneming(Plantation) Dolok Oeloe  Deli-Batavia Rubber Maatshapij(Factory) with  Ned Indie 5 cent stamps CDS Pematang Sianatar 21.6.49.

(b) The photo of presdient Soekarno and  VIce Presiden Hatta  press conference with American jourlanist at Bangka Island  which they were “Diasingkan” (four photos)

June 24th.1949.

Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya

June,27th,1949

June, 27th, 1949

 Delivery of truce negotiations and Sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia

On June 27, 1949 Principles of Agreement “Rum Royen” announced the contents of which include the peghentian tenbak firing from both sides. On August 1, 1949 signed the joint agreement “Termination Shoot Shoot” from both sides. Implementation is disseminated through radio announcements, the overall wire TNI in the archipelago. Meanwhile, from the dutch H. Y. Lovink act as Deputy Supreme Crown of the Netherlands in Jakarta, delivered throughout the Netherlands Army. Cessation of gunfire followed and supervised by UNCI and after poko agreement is implemented then continue the Round Table Conference in The Hague.

At Edinburgh on August 3, 1949 announced the termination shootout by the power of the Dutch military, with emphasis on instruction / command termination Shoot Shoot it in the form of pamphlets that circulated from the airplane because the position of the TNI in the pockets of guerrillas.

This leaflet was signed by the Military Governor of South Sumatra Dr. A. K. Gani, which reads as follows: “THE ORDER OF SUPREME COMMANDER TTKD TNI. AUTHORITY GIVEN KON.SUM.KOL. Hidayat, THEN SOUTH SUMATRA TO ALL ORDERS AND UNITY TNI AGENCY OF THE ARMED STRUGGLE OF SHOOTS AND SHOOT STOPPING HOSTILITY AND REMAIN place EACH DATED 03 AUGUST 1949 FROM 24.00 HOURS. INDONESIA TIME COMMAND TTK HBS Dr. A.K. Gani “.

The original wire is directly delivered by the Military Governor of South Sumatra to the Government Resident of the Emergency Civil Affairs Sub Commander Territorial Edinburgh and Edinburgh.

As a continuation of the wire termination shootout by the Military Governor of South Sumatra was issued on the instruction-instruction as follows:

1. Notice to the commander-the commander of Force (Battalion, Company, Section) regarding the determination of the TNI hangout for each unit of concentration.

2. To be held talks between Vice TBA Introduction of Van Schendel and Lieutenant Colonel A. G. W. Navis with the Local Joint Committee consisting of Colonel Abunjani, Regent M. Kamil and major Brori Mansyur.

Fire Ceas order not to breach the ceasefire by each of the warring parties and based on the results of the meeting Estuary Tembesi October 27, 1949 between Indonesia and the Netherlands under the coordination UNCI / Three Nations Commission agreed that all troops should leave and empty pockets . To that end, representatives of the Local Joint Committee TNI Major Brori Mansyur and from the Dutch Lieutenant Wolterbeck use the facility held a meeting Dutch BO Motor / meetings with the leaders of the Front Tungkal Area, which was attended, among others, Lieutenant Young A. Fattah Leside, Cadet Sergeant Major Madhan. AR, Hasan Buimin Sergeant Major, Sergeant Major Sergeant Arwansyah Syamsi with bodyguards, in the first week of November 1949 in the Trenches Deli (Tungkal Ilir) deliver instruction and manage technical implementation of TNI forces evacuations in place of concentration Merlung Battalion joined the staff of Gatot Kaca and co- colleagues from the Front Sengeti Area. While waiting for the next settlement, supply and logistical aid sent periodically to the Tungkal Ulu by the Dutch facility administered by the Joint Committee staff.

Evacuation is obvious disappointment for the troops Tungkal Area, let alone the countryside except the city of Kuala Tungkal, merupaka intact areas of the Republic of Indonesia by people who Republikien, but by realizing greater importance in the struggle. There is no other alternative, but to follow evacuation instructions, with a heavy heart and tears during a farewell to the people who like fish and water unite in the struggle for Sports and grief of this beloved Republic of Indonesia.

 Perundingan Genjatan Senjata dan Penyerahan Kedaulatan Republik Indonesia

Pada tanggal 27 Juni 1949 Pokok-pokok Persetujuan “Rum Royen” diumumkan yang isinya antara lain mengenai peghentian tenbak menembak dari kedua belah pihak. Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1949 ditanda tangani persetujuan bersama “Penghentian Tembak Menembak” dari kedua belah pihak. Pengumuman pelaksanaannya disebarkan melalui radio, kawat keseluruhan jajaran TNI di Nusantara. Sedangkan dari pihak belanda H. Y. Lovink bertindak sebagai Wakil Tertinggi Mahkota Belanda di Jakarta, menyampaikan keseluruh Tentara Belanda. Penghentian tembak menembak ini diikuti dan diawasi oleh UNCI dan setelah poko persetujuan ini dilaksanakan barulah dilanjutkan Konferensi Meja Bundar di Den Haag.

Di Jambi pada tanggal 3 Agustus 1949 diumumkan penghentian tembak menembak oleh KUasa Militer Belanda, dengan memperbanyak intruksi/Perintah Penghentian Tembak Menembak itu dalam bentuk surat selebaran yang disebarkan dari pesawat udara karena kedudukan TNI berada di kantong-kantong gerilya.

Selebaran ini ditandatangani oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan Dr. A. K. Gani, yang berbunyi sebagai berikut: “ATAS PERINTAH PANGLIMA TERTINGGI TNI TTKD. KUASA DIBERIKAN KON.SUM.KOL. HIDAYAT, MAKA SUMATERA SELATAN MEMERINTAHKAN KEPADA SEMUA KESATUAN TNI SERTA BADAN PERJUANGAN RAKYAT YANG BERSENJATA MENGHENTIKAN TEMBAK MENEMBAK DAN PERMUSUHAN SERTA TETAP DITEMPAT MASING-MASING MULAI TANGGAL 03 AGUSTUS 1949 JAM 24.00. WAKTU INDONESIA TTK PERINTAH HBS Dr. A.K. GANI”.

Asli kawat ini langsung disampaikan oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan kepada Pemerintah Sipil Darurat Residen RI Jambi dan Komandan Sub Teritorial Jambi.

Sebagai kelanjutan dari kawat penghentian tembak menembak oleh Gubernur Militer Sumatera Selatan tersebut dikeluarkan pada intruksi-intruksi sebagai berikut:

1. Pemberitahuan kepada Komanda-komandan Pasukan (Batalyon, Kompi, Seksi) TNI tentang penentuan tempat berkumpul masing-masing kesatuan konsentrasi.

2. Supaya diadakan Perundingan Pendahuluan antara Wakil TBA yang terdiri dari Van Schendel dan Letnan Kolonel A. G. W. Navis dengan Local Joint Commitee yang terdiri dari Kolonel Abunjani, Bupati M. Kamil dan mayor Brori Mansyur.

Ceas Fire agar jangan sampai terjadi pelanggaran gencatan senjata tersebut oleh masing-masing pihak yang berperang dan berdasarkan hasil rapat Muara Tembesi 27 Oktober 1949 antara RI dan Belanda di bawah koordinasi UNCI/Komisi Tiga Negara disetujui bahwa semua pasukan TNI harus meninggalkan dan mengosongkan kantong-kantong. Untuk itu, utusan Local Joint Committee dari TNI Mayor Brori Mansyur dan dari pihak Belanda Letnan Satu Wolterbeck mempergunakan fasilitas Motor BO Belanda mengadakan rapat/pertemuan dengan Pimpinan Front Tungkal Area yang dihadiri antara lain Letnan Muda A. Fattah Leside, Sersan mayor Kadet Madhan. AR, Sersan Mayor Buimin Hasan, Sersan Mayor Arwansyah dengan pengawal Sersan Dua Syamsi, pada minggu pertama November 1949 di Parit Deli (Tungkal Ilir) menyampaikan intruksi dan mengatur tekhnis Pelaksanaan Evakuasi Pasukan TNI ketempat konsentrasi di Merlung bergabung dengan staf Batalyon Gatot Kaca dan rekan-rekan dari Front Sengeti Area. Selama menunggu penyelesaian selanjutnya, bantuan suplay dan logistik dikirim secara periodic ke Tungkal Ulu oleh fasilitas Belanda yang diatur oleh petugas Joint Committee.

Evakuasi tersebut jelas menimbulkan kekecewaan bagi pasukan Tungkal Area, apalagi daerah pedalaman kecuali kota Kuala Tungkal, utuh merupaka daerah Republik Indonesia dengan rakyatnya yang Republikien, tetapi dengan menyadari kepentingan yang lebih besar dalam perjuangan. Tidak ada alternatif lain, selain mematuhi intruksi evakuasi tersebut, dengan berat hati dan tetesan air mata sewaktu terjadi perpisahan dengan rakyat yang manunggal seperti ikan dan air dalam sukan maupun dukanya perjuangan menegakkan Republik Indonesia tercinta ini.

June 29

 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.from south sector lead by Let.col soeharto(later presiden Indonesia) and north Sector lead by Col.Djatikusumo, look the picture of them with Sri Paku Alam.

June,30th.1949.

The Postally used private Banjarmasin “Depot Masa “book store  cover,send from cds Banjarmasin to Bing Sin ‘s Book store Surabaya-simpang..

7.July

The photo of high dutch commisaris nigh  Lovink ‘sreception in june 1949,the chiel of Repoeblik Indonesia delegation Mr.Moh Roem “hadir’ (two photos)

July 1

Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.

July,3rd.1949

the picture of Sultan Yogja with the leader of military grilya at Kepatihan

July,4th.1949

(1)the rare official free stamps cover from cds Djambi 4.7.50 to Batavia(very arre cover from Djambi because in 1949 until July under PDRI state,and after PDRI gave the autority to NRI Jogya,Djambi became federal state until the soeverinity to RIS december.27th.1949(only five month under federal state)

(2) The Batavia’s Chinese overseas Medical doctor,dentist and aphothekeer organization circulair letter with smelt 3 sen stamp  to the member Dr Tung sin Nio (the first lady doctor from Medical Faculty of Indonesia University)

July,5th.1849

(a)Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, the leader of PDRI cs ready back to  Yogya “dijemput” by Dr Leimena and Moh Natsir and before depature Moh.Natsir speaking(pidato) ,also Sjafruddin Prawiranegara and other realted pictures(five  photos )

(b) the meeting between  Dutch delegation and Indonesian delegation  supervied by United Nation at Yogja on this day.

July 6th,1949

(a) President Soekarno arrived at Yogja this day, also another menistry Ali sastroatmidjojo,Haji Agus salim.(two photosZ)

(b)Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.

July,7th.1949

(a)Sjafruddin Prawiranegara arrive at Kemyoan airport from suamtra(six photos)

(b) Sjafruddin Prawiranegara arrived at Yogja( five photos)

 and  meeting with president soekarno(three photos)

July,8th.1949

(1)Tanggal 8 juli 1949,didesa Krejo Kecamatan Ponjong, daerah Gunung Kendeng, saya(Rosihan anwar) dan Letkol Soeharto(kelak jadi presiden) bertemu presiden Soekarno  dan Wakil Presiden Hatta  untuk meratakan jalan kearah dimulainya KMB(konperensi meja Bundar)  di den Haag(napak tilas KMB,kompas,28 januari 2010)

(2)Panglima Besar General sudirman arrived at Yogja freom gureilla  area, “disambut” welcome by the chief of PDRI Syafruddin prawiranegraa (two photos)

 

Let.col.Suharto(later presiden RI) behind General sudirman.

(3) Postally used Book store “Kamadjoean” Semarang’s private cover, send from Semarang to Surabia. 

July,12th.1949

Postally used  Postal stationer  briefkaart_Kartoepos stationer 5 sen, send from stairgt Stamped TEMANGGOENG  to Semarang (rare post mark).

July ,13th.1949

(a)Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.

(b) After transferred of Power fro PDRI, begin the first NRI Cabinet meeting(bersidang) at Yogjakarta.( one photo)

(c) The Dutch delegation  lead by DR. Van Royen arrived at Maguwo airtport Yogja, welcome by the Indonesian delegiati n leader Mr.Moh Roem(two photoa)

and at night for the distinguist guest ,presiden Soekarno made the reception(one photos)

8.August

Republic troops retake Surakarta.

August,4th.1949

The Rare  food distribution zegel label , for used in the Ombilin coal mine store Sawahloento West Sumatra.

August 7th.1949

Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.

August,9th.1949

The rare Money Order (binnenlanden Postwissel) send from pontianak in city with smelt 121/2 sen stamps.

August 11

Ceasefire on Java.

August 12th 1949

Postally used federal state postal stationer smelt 2 sen send from Pajakumbuh with federal postal Satmped CDS Republik Indonesia stamped which the  rep Indonesia clean off(dibersihkan) to Van Dorp book store Batavia centrum(jakarta pusat)(This special  card send from Mr W.D my senior  phillatelist friend’s farther Dr Adnan  W.D, the medical doctor in Payakumbuh where my father and grandfather live during Dai Nippon Occupation,my sister Elina born there in 1947-Dr iwan Notes)

August 15

a)Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.

b) in this day Rosihan anwar,senior reporter, by Skymaster airoplane depature from Jakarta and arriev schipol airport in august 17th 1949.

c)postally used cover from batavia centrum with ovpt Indonesia stamps to semarang

August,17th,1949.

In this day the Indonesia KMB delegation arrive schipol airpot and staright to Kurhaus. Prime menister Moh Hatta made anniversary of Indonesia Independece Proclamation reseption, at the reseption Rosihan anwar seen Sultan hamid from pomntianak, Anak Agung Gde Agung ZPrime menister of NIT(negara Indonesia Timur) they were the BFO leader,also Dutch employeed.

August,19th.1949

the official free stamps cover from Resident Ommelanden batavia Meestercornelis(jatinegara) to Batavia centrum(Jakarta pusat),rare postally used cover from jambi,because  Jambi still fight with Dutch army until june 1949.

August 23 th.1949

1)Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.

2)Postal Used cover send from Bangkalan CDS 23.8.49 to Sorabaia CDS  24.8.49 (rare cover send during KMB Round Table conference.)

3) Special Post Mark Ronde Tafel conference s’gravenhage 1949 send from s’grafeluke zaal 23.8.49 to Althier.

4)Bagaimana jalannya KMB? Tiga delegasi yang berunding Belanda,Republik Indonesia,Golongan Federal yang dihimpun dalam Bijzonder Fedral Overleg(BFO) .Dalam praktik Republik dan BFO menyatu bila menghadapi Belanda, beberapa Komisi dibentuk :Komisi politik :  disana Bung Hatta domina, Ekonomi ,disana DR Sumitro Djojohadikusumo menyangkal kebenaran angka-angka utang yang diajukan Belanda, Komisi Pertahanan,dimana Republik diwakili oleh DR J.Leimena dan Kolonel TB Simatupang serta Komisi Kebudayaan dima Mr ali Sastroamijoyo berperan.

Hasil KMB, Belanda tidak bersedia menyerahkan Papua (Irian) Barat  kepada Republik Indonesia Seikat.Penyelesaiaannya ditangguhkan untuk masas satu tahun , RIS harus mengoper hutang Belanda yang telah dibuatnya dalm memrangi NRI 4.100 Juta Gulden,sedangkan menurut hitungan Sumitro justru Belanda yang berutang kepada Indonesia 500 juta gulden.di bidang pertahanan  Belanda mau membikin tentara KNIL sebagai intisari tentara RIS, ini ditolak dengan tegas oleh Leimena dan TB Simatupang akhirnya Belanda setuju TNI kekuatan pokok tentara RIS.Belanda tetap tidak mau mengakui proklamasi 17 Agustus 1945 oleh Sukarno-Hatta, Belanda hanya mengakui penyerahan kedaulatan tanggal 27 Desember 1949 sebagai bermulanya negara merdeka berdaulat berbentuk Federal yaitu RIS.

August,20th.1949

The Advocate cover send registered  from  Pontianak  to same  city Potianak with wilhelmina stamp,overprint indonesia and smelt numeric stamp rate 35 sen . this time Pontianak as the Dewan Kalimantan Barat State,lead by Sultan Hamid II.

 

9.September

Sept.5th.1949

September,5th,1949

September, 5th, 1949

On the 5th of September 1949 talks held in Bangko diruangan Regents Office, the delegation of the Local Joint Committee escorted the heavily armed military section with a red and white flag.

Negotiations went lancer with the results as follows:

1. The concentration of military forces

a. Troops belonging to the battalion “Gatot Kaca” gathered at the Port Merlung and Trade, as a liaison officer Lieutenant Junior ditnjuk A. Hadi

b. Troops belonging to the Battalion “Cindur Mato” gathered in Rantau Ikil and Land Grows, as Liaison Officer was appointed Second Lieutenant M. Nawawi.

c. Troops belonging to the Battalion “Gajah Mada” gathered at the Bangko as Liaison Officer was appointed Lieutenant Suhaimi.

2. Pemberitahun

a. Notification to the concentration and position in the cease-fire Battalion Commander Sub territory handed over to Edinburgh via couriers.

b. All will be summoned to the Battalion Commander Tembesi Estuary and will be given instructions by Major Brori Mansyur Local Joint Committee as Members of Indonesia Jambi area.

c. Prior to October 10, 1949, the Dutch Army had to be withdrawn from towns outside the city of Edinburgh, and was replaced by TNI troops.

d. Dutch assistance was sought in the transfer of members of the TNI from the pockets of concentration Guerrilla place.

e. Wasted Ayang troops will occupy the Muara Tebo.

f. Forces BT, BB, CPM Team, Police Squad’s time to move to the Air samapai thunder where Dutch troops will leave the Muara Bungo so that these forces immediately occupied the Muara Bungo.

g. Regarding Troops Battalion Gatot Kaca, Major Brori Mansyur held the first talks between the envoys battalion Gatot Kaca Captain (N) Soerjono with leaders of the Dutch Army Detachment, Kuala Tungkal tensions. Major Brori Mansyur accompanied by Major Z. Rivai directly intervened to negotiate with Chief of Staff Captain Wolterbeck Regiment in the Trenches Deli Dutch Kuala Tungkal.

After a full explanation is given, then the TNI in Kuala Tungkal willing to concentrate on Tungkal Ulu, namely TNI CPM Squad led by Sergeant Major A. Murad Alwi, Navy forces under the command of Sergeant Major T. Arwansyah, while the police led by Inspector Mahyuddin remain in Kuala Tungkal

September,8th,1949

Departemen van Gezonheid(Health) roundschrijfen(round letter) about the International certificate of Pooken(cacar or variolla) vaccinatie(vactination). send to all health office in Indonesia federal state send b y the secratary of Healt department Dr G.Sieburg:

1.Inspectuer v.gezonheid Oost-java Suarbaya, Batavia,Semarang,Padang and sabang.

2.Residentie artsen(Medical doctor) banjarmasin,Samarinda,pontianak,Pangkalpinang,and tanjungpinang.

3.Menistry of Healt Negara te Pasoendan(Pasundan state)(the menistry was my friend father Dr Kornel singawinata,look his picture in December ,27th.1949).

3.Health and Social departemen of Negara Sumatera Selatan.Palembang.(Osut sumatra State)

4. Menistry of heakt Negara Indonesia Timur NIT(east Indonesia State) at Makasssar.

5. menistry of Healt Negara sumatra timur(East sumatra State) at Medan

6, the chief of Health departement at batavia

7.Directir of Pasteur Insttitue at bandung

8. The Seaport Medical doctor at Tandjoeng Priok,Soerabaja,Semarang,Makasa,belawan.

with the variolla certicate form.

10.October

October,20th.1949

The postally used cover from Amboina to Batavia with building stamps

Connecting to 1949 recognition by Dutch, the reactions in the field was not always easy for the new Republic of Indonesia. One of them was insurgency from  some ex-Dutch formed army, KNIL (Koninklijk Nederland-Indisch Leger, The Dutch East Indies Army). Many KNIL members were from Eastern people from Sulawesi and Moluccas that generally had closer relationships with Dutch because their more privileges in economy, politics and education during the Dutch colonialism due to their faith, mixed blood and became closely similar habits. Knowing that the new formed Republic of Indonesia would reduce their status than they had before, the insurgency begun by some ex-KNIL members and eastern politician leaders. That ex-KNIL and eastern politician leaders rebel became serious threat to central government in Jakarta with the movement called RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan; Republic of the South Moluccas).

During the eradicating of the RMS immunity, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and Colonel Alexander Evert Kawilarang who in the front line commanding the troops were inspired and amazed by effectiveness and combat ability (especially in men’s sniping) of ex-KNIL members that also helped by KST (Korps Speciale Troepen) during insurgency. They then inspired to build a similar force for Indonesia. However, at that time, neither of the Indonesian commandants had any experience or skill in special operations. (However, Lieutenant Colonel Slamet Riyadi would not see his dream realized due to his death in a battle against the troops of the RMS).

Not long after, with the use of military intelligence, Colonel Kawilarang located and met with Captain Major Rokus Bernardus Visser – a former member of the Dutch Special Forces who had remained in independent Indonesia, settled in West Java, married an Indonesian woman, and was known locally as Mohamad Idjon Djanbi. He was the first recruit for the Indonesian special forces, as well as its first commandant. He later re-positioned to become Major after his request to be at least one rank higher than any his trainee. Due to him, the unit adopted a Red Beret similar to that of the Dutch Special Forces, which is still in use by the present Kopassus.

Ambon 1950

Col. A. E. Kawilarang, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and staffs arrived in Ambon, 1950

Brig. Gen Slamet Riyadi Col. A.E. Kawilarang 1_4d06e516bb4d542b35ae28b87fabfb6b

Brig. Gen. Slamet Riyadi & Col. Kawilarang & Maj. M. Idjon Djanbi

October,22th.1949

(1) the Death certifiacte of chinese oversead ,who pass away in poor (dalam keadaan miskin) n the Krangan evacuation cap semarang, legaluized by pengurus pengungsi Tionghoa semarang(Semarang tionghoa refuugee administrator)

11.November

November 2

The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.

Nov.29th,1949

The rare posatlly used change of adress 2 sen dacer stationer card send from Palembang to malang,one stamp (1 sen) off.

12.December 1949

December,13th.1949

The unique letter sheet(postblad warkatpos) postal stationer smelt 10 sen send from  Bukittinggi to Mr Soewil the chief of Emma Haven Post Office(Teluk Bayur), with interesting letter :

Tanggal 7 desember 1949, kota bukittingi sudah dipulihkan pada Republiken(orang republik) . Drang-barang saya yang ditinggalkan di pedalaman sudah dijemput kembali  oleh isteri saya diantaranya prangko simpanan saya yang dikumpulkan tahun 1942 dan seterusnya sudah distempel(dicap). Karena saudara ada di Emma Haven(pelabuhan Teluk Bayur ) , apakah ada orang Euro yang menanyakan(membeli) prangko tersebut, sekiranya ada (mungkin) ada yang senang (menyukakannya) boleh saya kirimkan pada saudara, hasilnya 1/3 buat saudara  dan 2/3 buat saya, atau ka;lau mungkin tukarkan dengan kain untuk pantalon(celana) jadi juga. Maklumlah dari prangko yang sudah dioverdruk(cetak tindih) bermacam-macam selama pendudukan Jepang dari 1 c sampai 1,2, dan 5 gulden. Prangko pendudukan jepang  yang dibikin(dibuat)  indonesia , prangko Jepang yang dipakai di Indonesia,serta prangko republik 1c,2c,21/2c,3c,5c,10c,15c,30c,40c,50c,rp.1,rp.2.rp.3,50(sukarno)  seluruhnya belum dicap(distempel). Selain itu prangko tersebut diatas ada 100 buah prangko yang berasal dari euro lama yaitu Bayern,belgia,Bosnia-Germany-Findland-Franch,Swiss,Nederland dan Russia bermacam-macam rupa(bentuk) dan belum pernah dicap(stempel) dan adapula yang sudah dicap. Berilah kabar (kepada) saya dengan lekas(cepat0 ,supaya lekas pulah dikirimkan. Demikianlah supaya saudara maklum,salam saya Djamoen.

PS. hal ini jangan diberi tahukan hendaknya (kepada) kawan-kawan(teman) kita, malu kita !!!!

english translate:

On 7 December 1949, the city has been restored bukittingi the Republicans (the republic). Drang my things left in the interior has been picked up again by my wife whom I collected stamps deposits in 1942 and beyond has been stamped (branded). Because you are in Emma Haven (Bay harbor Bayur), is there anyone who asks Euro (bought) such stamps, if there is (probably) there is a happy (menyukakannya) May I send it to brothers, the result is 1 / 3 for the brothers and 2 / 3 for me, or ka; lau may change with the cloth for trousers (pants) so well. It’s known from stamps that have been dioverdruk (print overlapping) vary during the Japanese occupation from 1 c to 1.2, and 5 guilders. Japanese occupation stamps are made ​​(made) Indonesian, Japanese stamps used in Indonesia, as well as stamps of the republic 1c, 2c, 21/2c, 3c, 5c, 10c, 15c, 30c, 40c, 50c, Rp.1, Rp.2. Rp.3, 50 (Sukarno) has not been entirely stamped (stamped). Besides the above there are 100 postage stamps fruit that comes from the old euro namely Bavaria, Belgium, Bosnia-Germany-Findland-Franch, Switzerland, Netherlands, Russia and many kinds of creatures (form) and have not been stamped (stamp) and those that are already stamped. Give the news (to) me with a quick (cepat0 so quickly pulah sent. So that you understand, my greetings Djamoen.

PS. This should not be announcing should (to) my friends (friends) we, ashamed of us!!

 

December,17th.1949

The rare postally used change of adress 2 cwnt dancer stationer card add smelt 1 sen stamps (rare 3 sen) send from  from surabaya in city.

December 19th.1949

Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.

December 27th.1949

Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).

December 28

Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.

1. 27 Desember 1949

1)Upacara Serah terima tanggung jawab Pemerintah dari Pemerintah Belanda diwakili Dr HJ Lovink  kepada Indonesia diwakili  oleh Menteri Pertahanan Hemangkubuwono,Menteri Negara Mr Roem,Menteri Dalam Negeri Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung dan Menteri Sosial Mr Kosasih Purwanegera dan  Pemerintah Belanda mengakui Kedaulatan  RI.

Ceremonial handover of responsibility from the Government of the Netherlands Government was represented Dr. HJ Lovink to Indonesia was represented by Minister of Defense Hemangkubuwono, Minister of State Mr. Roem, Minister of the Interior Ideas Anak Agung Gde Agung and Social Services Minister Mr Kosasih Purwanegera and the Dutch Government recognizes sovereignty of Indonesia

(1) foto penandatanganan protokol serah terima tanggung jawab pemerintahan yang mewakili Republik Indonesia serikat Sultan Hemangku Buwono IX (Menteri Pertahanan) dan disebealh kirinya peguasa Belanda AHJ Lovink di Istana Merdeka(sebelumnya istana Rijswijk)

photo signing protocol handover of responsibility of government representing the Republic of Indonesia union Hemangku Lane IX Sultan (Defense Minister) and his left Dutch Crown representing  AHJ Lovink at Merdeka Palace (formerly the palace Rijswijk

(2) foto pidato Wakil Tinggi Mahkota Belanda Dr H.J.Lovink setelah penanda tanganan serah terima  pemerintahan dan pengakuan kedaulan RI di Istana Merdeka.

High Representative’s speech photos Dutch Crown Dr HJLovink after the signing of the handover of government and recognition kedaulan RI at Merdeka Palace

(3)Setelah penandatanganan serah terima dari Pemerinath Belanda kepad RI dan pengakuan kedaulatan RI, dilangsungkan upacara penurunan bendera Belanda merah putih biru dan penaikan bendera Republik Indonesia serikat Merah Putih dihalaman Istana Merdeka Jakarta .

After the signing of the handover of the Dutch goverment to  RI and recognition of the sovereignty of Indonesia, held a ceremony decline Dutch flag red white and blue union flag-raising Red and White Republic of Indonesia Istana Merdeka Jakarta yard

(a) foto penurunan bendera belanda(Dutch Flag decline picture)

(b) foto penaikan bendera RI(RI flag raising pictures)

(c) Penghormatan upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera oleh Sultan Hemangku Buwono IX

Respect for flag-raising ceremony and a decrease by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX

(d)Penghormatan bendera pada upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera oleh ispektur upacara  oleh Kapten AD Poniman (pernah menjadi Panglima Siliwangi dan terakhir Jendral,Menteri Pertahan dan keamanan RI, saya pernah main tennis dengan beliau saat ia menjadi panglima Komando Daerah Militer 17 agustus  Sumatera barat tahun 1959- Catatan Dr Iwan ),pasukan tiga peleton dengan komandannya Letnan G.H. Mantik.

Respect for the flag on the flag-raising ceremony and a decrease by ispektur ceremony by Captain AD Poniman (last-General, Minister defend  and security of RI, I never played tennis with him when he became commander of the Military Regional Command West Sumatra August 17, 1959 – Note Dr. Iwan), with three army peleton ,chief letnan GH Mantik.

(e) Foto Rakyat Jakarta yang menyaksikan upacara penurunan dan penaikan bendera

Photo of Jakarta People who witnessed the decline and the flag-raising ceremony

2) Sampul Peringatan  Pengakuan kedaulatan Republik Indonesia Serikat (Republik Indonesia sovereign State) dengan  mengunakan sampul stasioner hinda belanda  ratu Wilhelmina  12 1/2 sen dengan cetak tindih  sepuluh sen, stempel pos CDS batavia  21.12.49

Warning cover of recognition of Indonesian sovereignty States (the Republic of Indonesia sovereign STAE) by using the cover of Dutch queen Wilhelmina stationary hinda 12 1 / 2 cents to ten cents a print overlap, CDS postmark batavia 21:12:49

3) Sampul peringatan pengakuan kedaulatan   RIS 27 Dec 1949 dengan prangko seri bangunan 45 sen dan 50 sen  dengan stempel pos 27.12.49 dikirim kepada Mr Clyde J.Sarzin USA(mungkin  sampul ini CTO, ditemukan oleh Dr iwan Suwandy  di Bangkok tahun 1994). New Information related to Mr Clyde J .Sarzin from my friend Mr Hartkamp ,please read below:

.
Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin (21-05-1915 / 23-11-1987) was a well known stamp dealer!
 
 

 
 
 

Maybe you find it interesting to know that the cover underneath is certainly CTO.
Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin (21-05-1915 / 23-11-1987) was a well known stamp dealer!
 
 

 
 
 
An other answer:
 

 
 
The cancelation on this cover is only partly visible.
 
The complete text:
 
VERMELD OP UW
POSTSTUKKEN
NAAM en ADRES
AFZENDER
 
This cancellation is used in ‘s-Gravenhage in the years 1947 to 1951. In Holland a lot of firms changed their names and crossed out the name of Netherlands Indie after 27-12-1949.
Because the written information on this card concerns the payment of a contribution for the subscription of the New Year I suppose that this cancellation is of the beginning of 1950. After a while the firms changed the imprints of their printed matter, so it is not likely that the cancelation is of beginning of 1951.
 

The cover of the recognition of sovereignty warning RIS Dec. 27, 1949 with 45 cents postage stamp series buildings and 50 cents with a postmark 27/12/49 sent to Mr. Clyde J. Sarzin USA (maybe the cover is CTO, invented by Dr. Iwan Suwandy in Bangkok in 1994)

4)Kementerian Penerangan mengumumkan,bahwa sejak penyerahan kedaulatan,maka Ibukota RIS ialah Djakarta( ejaan baru Jakarta).

Ministry of Information announced that since the handover of sovereignty, the capital city of  RIS is Djakarta (new spelling Jakarta

5) Pada hari ini juga dilaksanakan beberapa serah terima aset negara,sayang informasinya belum ditemukan. Hanya ada satu foto dari keluarga besar almarhum Osman Singawinata, berupa foto serah terima aset kesehatan dari pihak Belanda kepada pihak Indonesia diwakili oleh Let.Kol. TNI AU Dr Kornel Singawinata,ayah alm Oesman Singawinata, ex menteri kesehatan negara Federal Pasundan disaksikan oleh Bung Karno . Terima kasih atas perkenannya untuk menampilkan gambar yang bersejarah ini kepada isteri bapak Oesman Singawinata(Bu Retno),Disamping itu juga ada foto KOrnel Singawinata dengan Sultan Hemangkubuwono IX.

On this day also held several handover of state assets, unfortunately the information has not been found. There is only one photo of a large family of the late Osman Singawinata, a picture of health asset handover of the Dutch to the Indonesian side was represented by Dr. Kornel Singawinata, Osman Singawinata late father, former state health minister of the Federal Pasundan witnessed by Bung Karno. Thank you for your good pleasure to display these historic images to the wife of in memoriam Mr. Oesman Singawinata( Mrs Retno), beside that also the picture of Kornel singawinata with Sultan Hemangkubuwono IX

6)Undang Undang Darurat N0.1 Tahun 1949  ditetapkan di Jogjakarta pada tanggal 27 Desember 1949  tentang akan diumumkannya undang-undang federal melalui Radio  dan penyiaran dalam surat kabar harian,ditanda tanganni oleh Presiden Repulbik Indonesia serikat sukarno, Menteri Pertahanan Hemangku Buwono  IX dan Acting Menteri Kehakiman Muhammad Rum .

N0.1 Emergency Act 1949 set out in Jogjakarta on 27 December 1949 concerning the publication of legislation going through the federal Radio and broadcasting in a daily newspaper, signed by President tanganni union Repulbik Indonesia Sukarno, Defense Minister Hemangku Buwono IX and Acting Minister of Justice Muhammad Rum.

2.December.20th, 1949

Menurut informasi yang belum dapat dibuktikan, di Kantor Pos Pusat Jogyakarta di jual prangko cetak wina muali dari tanggal 15 Desember 1949, dan dinyatakan  dapat digunakan sampai tanggal 1 agustus 1950, dan prangko cetak Wina UPU juga dijual  kantor pos Jogyakarta  mulai 1 december 1949 sampai  1 Maret 1950 dan dinyatakan berlaku sampai 1 juli 1950. (sampai saat ini belum pernah ditemukan prangko in9i digunakan diatas sampul dengan stempel pos yang asli, banyak koleksi CTO yang plasu beredar, baca artikel misteri prangko cetak wina di web blog ini hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com dan juga di blog lain hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com)

Prangko cetak wina edisi pertama dengan ejaan lama Repoeblik,dipesan oleh PTT NRI yang waktu itu dipimpin oleh Mas Suharto, prangko ini tak sempat dipergunakan karena Class kedua 8-20 Desember 1948, january 1949 Mas Suharto dijemput tentara NICA yang kemudian hilang dan jazadnya tidak diketemukan, lihat foto profil  almarhum  dan foto keluarga.

Prangko cetak wina dengan ejaan baru Republik dipesan oleh pimpinan PTT NRI 1949-1951 R.Soekardan,juga mngalama hal yang sama ,prangko di terima 12 Desember 1949 ,sebelum penyerahan kedaulan dari Belanda dan NRI jadi bagian dari RIS  sehingga perako republik Indonesia certak wina dari percetakan USA juga tak daat diedarkan, bersamaan dengan cetak tindih RIS diatas seluruh prangko Indonesia, yang mulai diedarkan April 1950 ternyata cetak wina terlambat lagi sehingga tak sempat diedarkan terburu  RIS diganti dengan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, demikianlah nasih prangko cetak wina yang cukup tragis itu,lihatlah fot profil R.Soekardan dibawah ini :

According to information that has not been proven, at the Central Post Office on the sale of stamps printed Jogyakarta Vienna halted from December 15, 1949, and could otherwise be used until the 1st of August 1950, and print prango Vienna UPU also sold at post offices Jogyakarta from 1 december 1949 to 1 March 1950 and declared valid until 1 July 1950. more info from my friend Mr Hartkamp

Dear Mr Suwandy,
 
How ever I have seen hundreds of canceled envelopes  (more as thousand) and thousands of cancelled Vienna printing stamps, I have never seen a real cancellation before 13 December 1949.
 
After this date I have several envelopes and stamps with are officially used, mostly CTO, but sometimes it seems to be officially used.
 
I have a document (Surat pernjataan) of the P.T.T. witch proves that on 13 Desember these Vienna printings are received at the head office of Jogjakarta.
 
Underneath a part of the text of this document.
 
I do not know what the ‘PR’ and the ‘t.l.n.’ means in: No. 3 / PR / t.l.n. , do you know?
 
 
No. 3 / Pr / t.l.n. Surat pernjataan.——————–( Proces verbal ).-  1.      Pada hari ini tanggal 13 Desember 1949, oleh kami jang bertan-da tangan dibawah ini, Moedjiman komis dan Sahoewin klerk, jang ditundjukoleh dd. (dienstdoende) Kepala Seksi Urusan Uang Anak Seksi IV dalam R VI hoofdstuk VI ma-
sih disebut: Beheerder der Post & Zegelwaarden dari Djawatan P.T.T. (Pos, Telegrap dan
Telepon) Republik Indonesia di Jogjakarta, untuk menerima dan membuka 3 (tiga) bungkusan bersegel dalam keadaan baik dengan perantaraan Sekretariaat kantor Kementeriean Luar Negeri Jogjakarta. Alamat jang tertempel pada salah satu bungkusan ditudjukan pada: “ Republic of Indonesia Office 30 Raffles. PlaceSinggapore / Malayu ” dan alamat jang tertulis dengan potolot merah: “ Stamp    ToRepublic of Indonesia Jogjakarta ”. Setelah bungkusan² tsb. (tersebut) kami buka terdapat 17 ( tudju belas ) buah paket semua tertutup rapih dengan lim pelekat.
Isinja kami periksa dan hitung dihadapan Tuan R. (Raden) Soehardjo Komis dan selaku saksi, jang ikut bertanda tangan dibawah ini, terdapat, bahwa isi² itu————— terdiri dari perangko² tjetakan: “ Staatsdruckerei WienIII di New York dan E.A. Wright Banknote Company of Philadelhia U.S.A. sbb. (sebagai berikat):

(until now has never been found in9i stamps used on the cover with the postmark of the original, many of which plasu outstanding collection CTO, read articles Vienna mystery print stamps on this blog website hhtp: / / http://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com and also on the blog other hhtp: / / http://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com)

3.December ,24th.1949

Presiden RIS Bung Karno tiba di jakarta dari Jogya

RIS President Sukarno arrived in Jakarta from Yogyakarta

(a)  foto prsedien RIS Bung Karno dan isteri Bu Fatmawati  serta  putranya Guntur  di lapangan terbang  Maguwo Jogya (saat ini Adisucipto) saat akan berangkat ke Jakarta  diantar oleh president NRI Mr Asaat (dibelakang) dan  Letkol Suharto (terakhir presiden Ri,almarhum)  sebagai komandan  WK IIII Jogyakarta.

photograph prsedien RIS Bu Bung Karno and Fatmawati wife and son at the airport Maguwo Guntur Yogyakarta (currently Adisucipto) when leaving for Jakarta escorted by Mr. Asaat NRI president (behind) and Lt. Col. Suharto (the last president of the Ri, deceased) as iiii WK commander of Yogyakarta.

(b) Foto presiden RIS Bung Karno kembali tiba di Jakarta ,didepan lapangan terbang Kemayoran(saat ini kompleks Pekan Raya Jakarta)

Photo of Bung Karno RIS president arrived back in Jakarta, Kemayoran airport in front of (the current complex Jakarta Fair)

(c) Foto Perpisahan wakil Presiden Moh Hatta dengan Rakyat Djokja,Mr Asaad sedang mengucapkan selamat jalan kepada beliau.

the picture of farawel party with Djogja people with vice presiden RIS Moh.Hatta, Mr Asaad say goodbey to him.

4.December,23th.1949

The RIS PTT Bukittinggi announcement about the Telephone fee tarief,with legalizied  the chief of Telefon office Republic Indonesia(RI)

4a.December,29th.1949

1)Sampul postal history yang dikirim dari Tanjung Pandan Belitung CDS 29.12.1949 ke Padang  ,mengunakan prangko ratu Wihelmina 10 sen dan 17 1/2 sen dan cetak tindih Indonesia  pada prangko  Wilhelmina 15 sen, (koleksi ini sangat langka karena merupakan pemakaian terakhir prangko Hindia Belanda setelah pengakuan Kedaulatan RI saat RIS, siapa yang menemukan pemakaian prangko sejenis setelah tanggal ini harap berkenan memberikan informasi liwat comment,terima kasih dari Dr Iwan suwandy)

The cover postal history sent from Tanjung Pandan Belitung CDS 29.12.1949 to Padang, using stamps queen Wihelmina 10 cents and 17 1 / 2 cents, and print on overlapping Indonesia Wilhelmina stamps 15 cents, (this collection is very rare because it is the last use of the Dutch East Indies stamps after the recognition of sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia as RIS, who discovered the use of similar stamps after  this date please deign to give information through the following comment, thank you from Dr. Iwan suwandy)

2) Post Telegraaf en Telefoodienst (PTT) advies van betaligen bewijs ,post rekening van de pandhuis dienst ,ter uitbetaling door het kantoor der posterijen te Tarutung 2000 gld in cijfers , aan de beheerder van het panduis te Tarutung , 29 December.otherside voor de comntrol van ommestaande hantekening postastamped Taroetone CDS 29.12.50, recived CDS Siboga 12.7.1951

Tanda Penerimaaan Pos Telegraph dan Telefoodienst (PTT) , pasca bayar dengan layanan pegadaian untuk pembayaran oleh kantor Kantor Pos pada tahun 2000 GLD Tarutung dalam angka, manajer dari Jawatan Pengadaian untuk Tarutung, 29 December. pada lembaran dibaliknya berupa kontrol  dari contah tanda tangan dengan stempel pos  Taroetoeng 29.12.50 CDS, CDS diterima  Siboga 1951/07/12(Hal ini karena terputusnya hubungan antara Tarutung  ke Sibolga akibat dihadang oleh pasukan Mayor Bedjo dari tentara NRI, mayor B edjo yang buta huruf ini sangat legendarais dan dijadikan tema film Indonesia Nagabonar -catatan Dr Iwan )

Postal Telegraph and Telefoodienst (PTT) betaligenbewijs advice, postal service on behalf of the pawnshop, for payment by the office of the Post Office in 2000 gld Tarutung in figures, the manager of the panduis to Tarutung, 29 December.otherside for comntrol of handsigned ,postastamped Taroetoeng   29.12.50 CDS, CDS recived Siboga 12/07/1951(very late amost one years because the transportation by road from Tarutung to Sibolga were broken due to Mayor Bedjo ,NRI local Tapanuli Army stop and cutting the line,the legend Mayor Bedjo cuoldnnot read and writting, he beacame the base of the Film Story, Nagabonar-Dr Iwan Note)

Perjuangan Kuala Tungkal Jambi

Sesudah tanggal 29 Desember 1949 dengan berhasilnya KMB dan sekaligus penyerahan Kedaulatan Republik Indonesia, pasukan Front Tungkal Area yang dipimpin oleh Letnan Muda A. Fattah Leside mendarat di Kota Kuala Tungkal mengambil alih tanggungjawab terhadap Koata Kuala Tungkal yang ditinggalkan Belanda. Dalam suatu upacara penaikan bendera merah putih di Lapangan Sepak Bola yang saat ini menjadi Terminal Kota. Bertindak selaku Inspektur Upacara Act. Kolonel Abunjani KOmandan STD/Garuda Putih Anggota Joint Committee yang sengaja dating dari Jambi. Selesai upacara diadakan do’a syukuran dan makan bersama yang diselenggarakan oleh Kepala Warga India di Kuala Tungkal Muhiddin.

Pemboman bekas markas pertahanan Tentara RI Bataliyon Gatot Kaca pimpinan Mayor Z. Riva’i oleh Belanda di Merlung. (LUKISAN)

Demikianlah riwayat perjuaangan ini dibuat untuk dapat diketahui oleh generasi penerus yang akan meneruskan perjuangan bangsa. Sengaja riwayat perjuangan Barisan Selempang Merah dan TNI-AD, TNI-AL, dan TNI-AU, serta rakyat dan POLRI ini dibuat untuk kenang-kenangan bagi yang tinggal, kalau nanti para pelaku perjuangan sudah tidak ada lagi di bumi persada ini.

Riwayat perjuangan ini disadur dari catatan Sdr. Madhan. AR (mantan Wkl. Komandan Pertempuran Sektor 1023 Front Tungkal Area), catatan Patih Masdar selaku Camat Tungkal Ilir dan dari beberapa para pejuang yang masih hidup.

5.December,31th.1949

1)Hari ini adalah hari terakhir pengumpulan pasukan Tentara Nasional Indonesia Divisi Siliwangi ( Jawa Barat) berdasarkan surat perintah  Divisi Siliwangi no 162/49  tanggal  10.12.1949 ,ditanda tangani oleh staf  kwartier Panglima  Divisi IV Siliwangi Kolonel  Sadikin, lihat fotkopi surat tersebut dibawah ini:

Today is the last day of the collection of the Indonesian National Army troops Siliwangi Division (West Java) based on a warrant Siliwangi Division No. 162/49 dated 10.12.1949, signed by the staff of Commander of Division IV kwartier Siliwangi Colonel Sadikin, fotkopi see the letter below

 foto tentara nasional Indonesia diatas truk saat kembali ke Ibukota RI Jakarta serta foto Tentara Nasional Indonesia setelah tiba di Ibukota Jakarta.

Indonesia photo above the national army trucks returning to the capital of Indonesia Jakarta and the Indonesian National Army photo after arriving in the capital Jakart

2)Postal used  home made postcard send from Malang to RVD selling and art division  at Jakarta with smelt numeric diffinitive  stamps 2 and 3 sen without RIS overprint , CDS Malang 31.12.49,the letter asking free magazine”Natura” in Indonesian Language.

3) Official free stamp homemade cover sent from  Semarang CDS 31.12.49 to Djogja cds 9.1.50, handwritten back(kembali) return to sender with note soedah pindah roemah ke Jakarta(have house moved to Jakarta)

5.The Unique Postal History From Dutch in 1949(date not clear)

Kartu Pos dari KIVTLV(Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Taal Land en Volkunde Den Haag ) yang telah mencoret Van Ned. Indie (dari Hindia Belanda)  sehingga mereka sudah mengakui kedaulatann RI dan Hindia Belanda sudah berakhir , dikirimkan kepada L.Ch.Damais Amsterdam untuk membayar kontribusi F.15.- sebagai anggota institue tersebut.(Kartu Pos ini sangat bersejarah karena badan yang terhormat ini dari newgeri Belanda telah mengakui kedaulatan Republik Indonesia,sayang tanggal pengirman tidak jelas karena  karena distempel sistem roller. Apabila kolektor memiliki koleksi sejenis harap memberikan informasi liwat komentar,terima kasih dari Dr Iwan Suwandy)

Postcards from KIVTLV (Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Taal Land en Volkunde Hague) which has been crossed out Ned Van. Indie (from the Dutch East Indies), so they had to admit kedaulatan Affairs and the Dutch East Indies was over, sent to Amsterdam to pay a contribution L.Ch.Damais F.15 .- as a member of the Institute. (Postcards of this very historic because this honorable body of  Netherlands State has recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia, unfortunately the sender  date is not clear because as stamped roller system. If the collector has a similar collection please provide the information through the following comments, thanks from Dr. Iwan Suwandy)My Friend Mr Hartkamp send an informations related to the postal history above:

The cancelation on this cover is only partly visible.
 
The complete text:
 
VERMELD OP UW
POSTSTUKKEN
NAAM en ADRES
AFZENDER
 
This cancellation is used in ‘s-Gravenhage in the years 1947 to 1951. In Holland a lot of firms changed their names and crossed out the name of Netherlands Indie after 27-12-1949.
Because the written information on this card concerns the payment of a contribution for the subscription of the New Year I suppose that this cancellation is of the beginning of 1950. After a while the firms changed the imprints of their printed matter, so it is not likely that the cancelation is of beginning of 1951.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War’s Postal and Document History Collections Part IV 1948

Charles_Breijer_Indonesia_1948a

    • Pro-Indonesian slogan on a wall in Yogyakarta 1948

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part IV 1948

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Perjuangan NRI Jambi kuala tungkal

PERIOD OF 1948

A. Dutch navy Tungkal Often Go Into River While Doing shooting

On June 4, 1948, Patrol Boats / Speed ​​Boat Navy Tungkal Dutch entered the river, shooting at the port and the boarding of the TNI in the way of prosperity, contact this gun running dive 1 (one) hour. In this battle we killed a Navy named Private AL. A. Mana. Viewing from the harbor shore land army / navy and army reserve to fight a very persistent, Patrol Boats Dutch retreated to open sea.

On July 20, 1948, the Dutch warship reentered Tungkal river, from the sea is warship firing kepertahanan Army / Army and the Army / Navy (judging by the defense now Army / Army and the Army / Navy Ancol Beach in coastal areas). In the battle this fall on the Army / Army Private A. Kadir Shawwal and in the army / navy Private Basri Sete, for 2 (two) hours Trenches coastal regions III to Household of King Ulu trench I continue bombarded by cannon fire and mortar and other automatic weapons.

 

Java&Madoera 1946 ZBL 43A Proof Double+Mirror Print

the Djokjakarta  Set stamp,80 cent borobudur stupa design, mirror image stamp. All value (60 cent  RI flag and 80 cent- borobudur stupa) exist in several slightly different colour shade. the postally used 50 cent  found in june,15th ,1947 cds Jakarta and the 80 cent in 11.7.47 cds Djakarta.

the extreme  rare (RRRRR)  on money orde fragment of Middle Sumatra Local Repoeblic Indonesia stamp, machinal type Rep.Indonesia ,used cds bagan siapi-api, only two exist, one in Den Haag musem Mr Ricardo Collection off cover blocktwo stamps, an this Dr Iwan collections.

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Showcase:

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part IV in 1948

Dr iwan picture in 1948(3 years old) at Kali Ketjil behind Tanah Kongsi market Padang city west sumatra,(1) alone (2) with Mother Diana lanny and brother Edhie,sister Elina and Erlita this pictures had  taken by his father Djohan oetama,have given to grandpa Gho Kim thian, after the war Dr iwan found this pictures in the cupboard and keep until now.

1.January

ILLUSTRATION OF THE MEETING AT HOTEL DES iNDES JAKARTA BETWEEN REPOEBLIK iNDONESIA AND DUTCH DELEGATION UNDER KTN SUPERVISION.

  ILLUSTRATION OF HAJI AGUS SALIM AND WIFE JOINED THE RESEPTION AT HOTEL DES INDES JAKARTA

January,2nd.1948

Quotations (excerpt) Resident Assessment NRI West Sumatra

Bukittinggi 2 January 1948

Resident OUR WEST SUMATRA

Considering that the necessary renewal of the appointment of permanent purveyor of State revenues that are in a financial environment and the residency of western Sumatra, Given Bb 10 843

SETTING While repeal regulations that conflict with this ketapan, depositor is required on the list attached herewith, to deposit the reception environment of the West Sumatran residency to the State Treasury (helper).

A copy of this ordinance be sent to:

(1) PT (Excellency Mr.) State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in London. (2) PT Sumatera Province Governor in the United Kingdom (3) PT Sumatera Province Chief Financial Officer at Bukit Tinggi (4) PT Head Office of State Finance settlement Sumatra Province (5) PT Head of Audit General of West Sumatra Province (6) PT Head Office of State Finance Sumatra settlement in New York City (7) PT Head Office Finance Department Resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra (8) PT Supervisor PTTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi (9) Supervisory PTT PT Sumatera center in New York City (10) PTT Head Post Office in London (11) Head Post Office in Pajakumbuh (12) PT Head Post Office in Padang Pandjang (13) PT Head of the State Treasury in London (14) PT Chief Officer of West Sumatra to be understood and passage to those declared to be known and in Pedomani.

Same sound with the list above

Head Office of the State Money Calculation

Signed by (DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

LIST OF APPENDICES BESLIT resident of West Sumatra 1948 NO DATE 2 NAURI BT/XII/2/10

(1) purveyor: Gripir District Court in New York City

(2) Type the paid-up: Reception following provisions (beslit) etc.

(3) Time to deposit: No later than the 10th of each month cash deposit: Bukittinggi

This quote is used sent without postage stamps from the stamp Duty-Free Service department Affairs Office of the affairs of state resident Calculation Money WEST SUMATRA (round stamp), there is no stamp Postage, possibly delivered by a courier. (Collection of rare, important to history because of the financial system known residency Sumatra Sumatran province west and residing in London as well as the head post office that oversees all areas of the republic in western suamtera Bukittinggi, Pajakumbuh and field length, while the post office in Padang in accordance with agreements under the NICA lingarjati emarkasi boundary line in Lubuk Alung)

original info:

Kutipan(Petikan) Ketetapan Residen NRI Sumatera Barat

Bukittinggi 2 januari 1948

KAMI RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT

Menimbang bahwa perlu dilakukan pembaruan penunjukkan penyetor tetap penerimaan Negara yang mengenai dan berada dalam lingkungan keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat, Mengingat Bb 10843

MENETAPKAN Sambil mencabut peraturan yang bertentangan dengan ketapan ini , diharuskan penyetor yang dimaksud pada daftar terlampir bersama ini,melakukan penyetoran dari penerimaaan dilingkungan keresidenan sumatera Barat kepada Kas Negara (pembantu).

Salinan ketetapan ini dikirimkan kepada:

(1) P.T.(paduka Tuan) Komisaris Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukittinggi.(2) PT Gubernur Provinsi Sumatera di Bukittinggi(3)PT Kepala Pejabat Keuangan Provinsi Sumatera di Bukit Tinggi(4) PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Provinsi Sumatera(5)PT Kepala Pemeriksa Keuangan Umum Provinsi Sumatera Barat(6)PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Sumatera di Bukittinggi(7)PT Pimpinan Bagian Keuangan Kantor Residen sumatera Barat di Bukittinggi(8) PT Pengawas PTTT Sumatera Tengah di Bukittinggi(9)PT Pengawas PTT Sumatera tengah di Bukittinggi(10) PTT Kepala Kantor Pos di Bukittinggi(11 )Kepala Kantor Pos di Pajakumbuh(12)PT Kepala Kantor Pos di Padang Pandjang(13)PT Kepala Kas Negara di Bukittinggi(14) PT Kepala Pejabat Sumatera Barat untuk dimaklumi dan petikan kepada yang berkepentingan untuk diketahui dan di Pedomani.

Sama bunyinya dengan daftar yang tersebut diatas

Kepala Kantor Urusan Perhitungah Uang Negara

Ditanda Tangani Oleh(DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN BESLIT RESIDEN SUMATERA bARAT TANGGAL 2 JANUARI 1948 NO BT/XII/2/10

(1)Penyetor : Gripir Pengadilan Negeri di Bukittinggi

(2)Jenis yang disetor :Penerimaan berikut dengan ketetapan(beslit) dsb

(3) Waktu menyetor: Paling lambat tanggal 10 tiap bulan Kas penyetoran: Bukittinggi

Kutipan ini dipergunakan dikirim tanpa prangko stempel Dinas Bebas Bea dari stempel dinas Kantor urusan Urusan Perhitungan Uang negara RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT(stempel bulat), tidak ada stempel Pos,mungkin diantar oleh kurir.(koleksi langka ,penting untuk sejarah karena diketahui sistem keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat dan provinsi sumatera yang berada di Bukittinggi serta kepala kantor pos yang mengawasi seluruh daerah republik di suamtera barat Bukittinggi,Pajakumbuh dan padang Panjang, sedangkan kantor pos Padang dibawah NICA sesuai dengan perjanjian lingarjati batas garis demarkasi di Lubuk alung)

 January,7th.1948

the rare Change of adress stationer dancer 2 cend card send from  soerabaia to Malang

 

 jANUARY,11TH.1948

The primemenister of NIT Anak Agung Gde agung  arrived at Kemayoran airport jakarta “Disambut” NRI menistry Moh,Natsir (two photos)

 and the sametime vice Presiden Moh, Hatta  and St Sjahri arrive at Kemayoran from their vist abroad.(two photos).

and afetr that  Vice Presiden Moh.Hatta fly to Jogjakarta, look the illustration when he arrived at Maguwo jogya airport ,the picture  of his wife Rahmi Hatta with the eldery child Muetia Hatta(three photos)

January,12th.1948

The earliest used sumatra local repoeblik indonesia revenue  f 75 single label fragment,the latest 9/9.48 , the biggest variation collections(complete info only for specialist revenue collector and prmium member only)and the

January,13th.1948

IKW-Ikatan Warta Harian Jakrta(Newspape Organisation)  had protest  pembreidel(stop circulation) of berita Indonesia newspaper to KTN komisi Tinggi National (high national commision)

 

January,15th.1948

The Aceh Government issued Soekarno papermonery Rp.5.-(very rare collections)

January 17th.1948

Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.look the pictures of Indonesian Delegation during renville meeting ( two illustration)

The Renville Agreement which sign after the fourth meeting between  NRI delegetion,Dutch delegation and Dewan keaman Komisi tiga negara(KTN on Thre tsate Commision from United Nation),look two illustration,( complete document,only for premium member.please subscribed via comment)

January 21

Dutch found “Negara Madura” government on Madura.

January,22th.1948

Berita Indonesia newspaper get permission to circulate again

January 23

Sjarifuddin resigns as Prime Minister; the “Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” parties go into opposition.Sukarno appoints Hatta to head an emergency cabinet answerable to President.Dutch organize “Daerah Banjar” government on Kalimantan. Republican forces under Hasan Basry continue fighting from the countryside.

The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.The PNI, Masyumi, and Tan Malaka all opposed the Renville agreement.

January,24th,1948

The Java Banaran village chief(kepala desa)’informed letter,”Surat keterangan” about the owner of Radion Erres want ot solfd the radio at Solo,with rare NRI Village’s cheaf official stamped,

January,25th.1948

 separatist political ranglkaian Netherlands in an attempt to cripple the position of the Republic of Indonesia on the island of Madura is propaganda by causing a psychotic attack (angstphsychose “against what they say” the occupation of the Republic “that madura” dianak-tirikan ‘ step son by the Republic, which raised the “instict tot zelf behoud” desire to set himself an incentive to secede from the republic of Indonesia. With this trick, the Dutch tried to lure people Harti madura to set up a “State of Madura ‘own. on January 25, 1948 Elections were held in Madura people to choose the form of the State of Madura and the dated 20mPebruari keputusan WTM 1948 came the letter that recognizes the Madurese as the Netherlands. shown in the picture below Walinegara Madura tjakraningrat beside Van der PLaas and Geral Majoor Baay

Suatu rangkaian politik separatis Belanda dalam usahanya melumpuhkan kedudukan Republik Indonesia ialah propagandanya di Pulau Madura dengan menimbulkan suatu serangan psikotik(angstphsychose” terhadap apa yang mereka katakan”penjajahan Republik” bahwa madura “dianak-tirikan’ oleh Republik,sehingga timbul “instict tot zelfbehoudZ” keingingan mengatur sendiri  yang menjadi pendorong untuk memisahkan diri dari republik Indonesia. Dengan muslihat demikian,belanda berusaha memikat harti rakyat madura supaya mendirikan “Negara madura’ sendiri. pada tanggal 25 Januari 1948 di Madura diadakan Pemilihan rakyat  untuk memilih bentuk Negara bagi Madura dan pada tanggal 20mPebruari 1948 datanglah surat keputudsan WTM Belanda yang mengakui Madura sebagai . Tampak pada gambar dibawah ini Walinegara Madura Tjakraningrat disamping Van der PLaas dan geral majoor Baay.

January,27th,1948

PIM-partai Indonesia Merdeka(Indonesia Independence Party) Jakarta branch had protest to KTN  in order to off the forbiden to meeting(mencabut larangan berkumpul)

January29th.1949

 (a)the earliest used single label local sumatra  green paper revenue f 75,- the latest  30/6.48 many colour variations.

(b)the Historic letter send from The chief of Kampong 7 oeloe Palembang , as the recall letter to attend the ceremony of deliver of the power from Dutch government to Wali Negara Sumatera Selatan (south Sumatra)  in

February,2th.1949.

2.February

After several month In aceh,The Young_Gouvernue North Zsumatara Mr. SM Amin in february 1948 was appointed as the “Hakim Pengadilan tinggi” at Bukittinggi.

(1)Sjahrir forms PSI (Partai Sosialis Indonesia), supports Sukarno.”Left Wing” under Amir Sjarifuddin renames itself People’s Democratic Front (Front Demokrasi Rakyat). Sjarifuddin criticizes the Renville agreement.Col. Nasution leads Siliwangi division out of West Java to Central Java

(2)The Dutch blockaded the areas under control of the Republic of Indonesia around this time, causing shortages of food and medicine.
(3)Provisional 50 Rupiah note for “Daerah Banten”, Republik Indonesia, 1948.

February,1st.1948

(a)GPRI_Gerakan Plebisit RI founding lead by Mr Ali Budiardjo.

(b) The rare Official NRI Aceh newspaper “WARTA MINGGOEAN”WEEKLY PAPERS

SIXTH INDONESIAN CABINET;

Prime minister: Wakiol NRI President Hatta, interior minister (Dr Sukiman Wirjosandjojo, foreign minister (Haji agus sakim), the Minister of Finance (Mr.AAMaramis), Justice Minister (Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo), Kemakmoeran (Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara) <Stock people food (Ignatius zJosef Kasimo), Health (Dr Johannes Leimena), Teaching, education and kedudayaan (Mr ZAli Sastroatmidjojo), Lighting (Mohamad Natzir), Labour and Social Affairs (Koesnan), with establishment and Youth (Soepebo), Transportation (Ir Raden Djoeanda), Public Works ad interim (Ir.r.Djoeanda), Religion (Kiai Haji Masjkoer) <Ad Interim Defense (Drs Moh.Hatta) and non-portfolio Minister (Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

LAW ON THE SELECTION OF TEMPORARY MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Atjeh

PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT mourn the demise GANDHI

1900 FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF DATE 3 FEB. WILL DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 01/31/48. Major Jnedral Djatikoesoemo Republic, komadan divis VTN 1 that since the need to implement the cease-weapon carriage dasn Forces of the Republic of the area supervised by the Dutch in West Java tealh come to visit the area yesterday afternoon and arrived back in Surabaya, will soon depart the aircraft Dakota USA back to Djokja, alleged today akn back to Suarbaya. More than 1900 troops Bandung rumored that the delivery of the Battalion III yangterkenal republic under the leadership of captain Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema Tuesday, February 3, will be collected.

THE MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC fly to dJOKJA. Djkarta 01/31/48. This morning the Minister of the Republic is now in ZJakarta tealh went to Jogjakarta with an aircraft and Committee Services Offers both, participated in a plane itutermasuk nachoda ship visit to Djokja Renville participate. Among the authorities of the Republic there are parents Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara Moh.Roem Leimena, H. Agus Salim and Mr. Tamsil.

TRANSFER OF FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC. Djokja 31/01/48. On removal of troops from the West Java region, Aneta pasuka it proclaims that as many as possible will be transported by train. Now they are transported to the place-Temat located along the railroad as Tjiandjoer, Padalarang and Poewkarta. According to Radio Hilversum, the place is going to gather THI 5000 soldiers, from here they will be transported to Tjirebon and by boat departing from the stricken area Repoeblik.Pasukan Tasikmalaja stricken republic would have to come by train. Tjiandjoer removal of troops expected to be completed by February 1 to come.

After PLACE OF NEGOTIATIONS, Djkarta 01/31/48. Merdeka kalanggan obtain news from the always reliable, that the republic delegation has put forward the proposal that negotiations be held alternately in New York after 14 days and in Jogjakarta. Special Committee of Good Offices tealh objected to it because of how it will complicate the work of negotiating a fixed panitia.Suatu place and satisfactory for both parties still sought. Furthermore, the Free Daily paniteraan proclaim that the republic will be entirely pndah delegation from New York to Djokja.

 

originalinfo

KABINET INDONESIA KEENAM;

Perdana menteri: Wakiol Presiden NRI Hatta,Menteri dalam negeri(Dr Soekiman Wirjosandjojo,Menteri luar negeri(Hadji agus sakim),Menteri Keuangan(Mr.A.A.Maramis),Menteri Kehakiman(Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo),Kemakmoeran(Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara)<Persediaan Makanan rakyat(Ignatius zJosef Kasimo),Kesehatan(Dr Johannes Leimena),Pengajaran,pendidikan dan kedudayaan(Mr ZAli Sastroatmidjojo),Penerangan(Mohamad Natzir),Perburuhan dan Sosial(Koesnan),Pembanguna dan Pemuda(Soepebo),Perhubungan(Ir Raden Djoeanda),Pekerjaan Umum ad interim(Ir.r.Djoeanda),Agama(Kiai Hadji Masjkoer)<Pertahanan ad Interim (Drs Moh.Hatta) dan Menteri non portofolio(Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

UNDANG UNDANG SEMENTARA TENTANG MEMILIH ANGGOTA DEWAN PERWAKILAN ATJEH

pRESIDEN DAN WAKIL PRESIDEN BERDUKACITA ATAS KEMANGKATAN GANDHI

1900 PASUKAN REPUBLIK TANGGAL 3 FEB. AKAN DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 31/1/48. Jendral Major Republik Djatikoesoemo ,komadan divis VTN 1 yang berhubung perlunya melaksanakan Gencatan sejata dasn pengangkutan Pasukan Republik dari daerah yang diawasi oleh Belanda di Jawa barat tealh datang untuk mengunjungi daerah tersebut dan kemarin sore telah tiba kembali di surabaya ,segera akan berangkat dengan pesawat terbang Dakota USA kembali ke Djokja, diduga hari ini akn kembali lagi ke Suarbaya. Lebih lanjut dari Bandung dikabarkan bahwa 1900 pasukan republik diantarnya Batalion III yangterkenal dibawah pimpinan kapten Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema hari selasa tanggal 3 pebruari akan dikumpulkan.

PARA MENTERI rEPUBLIK tERBANG kE dJOKJA. Djkarta 31.1.48. Pagi hari ini para Menteri Republik yang kini berada di ZJakarta tealh bertolak ke Djokjakarta dengan sebuah pesawat terbang dan Panitia Penawaran Jasa baik,turut serta dalam pesawat itutermasuk nah=achoda kapal renville ikut melawat ke Djokja. Diantara para pembesar Republik terdapat tua Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara, Moh.Roem<Leimena,H.Agus salim dan Mr Tamsil.

PEMINDAHAN PASUKAN REPUBLIK. Djokja 31/1.48. Tentang pemindahan pasukan TNI dari daerah Jawa barat, Aneta mewartakan bahwa pasuka itu sebanyak mungkin akan diangkut dengan kereta api. Kini mereka diangkut ketempat-temat yang terletak disepanjang jalan kereta api seperti Tjiandjoer,Padalarang dan Poewkarta. Menurut Radio Hilversum,ditempat tersebut akan berkumpul 5000 prajurit THI, dari sini mereka akan diangkut ke Tjirebon dan dengan kapal kedaerah Repoeblik.Pasukan yang berangkat dari Tasikmalaja akan di datangkan kedaerah Repoeblik dengan kereta api. Pemindahan pasukan dari Tjiandjoer diharap akan selesai tanggal 1 pebruari yang akan datang.

USAI TENTANG TEMPAT PERUNDINGAN,Djkarta 31/1/48. Surat kabar Merdeka memperoleh kabar dari kalanggan yang senantiasa dapat dipercaya, bahwa delegasi Repoeblik telah mengemukakan usul  supaya perundingan diadakan berganti-ganti sesudah 14 hari di Djakarta dan Di djokjakarta. Panitia Penawaran Jasa Baik telah berkeberatan terhadap hal itu karena cara itu akan menyulitkan pekerjaan  panitia.Suatu tempat perundingan yang tetap dan memuaskan bagi kedua belah pihak masih terus dicari. SElanjutnya Harian Merdeka mewartakan bahwa ke paniteraan delegasi Repoeblik seluruhnya akan pndah dari Djakarta ke Djokja.

Feb ruary,4th.1948

Jakarta had choosed thier  “perwakilan” to join WEst Java conference R.sujoso,Harun Alrasjid and R.Abunjamin.

February ,6th.1948

NRI Passport no.0028 President of the Republic of Indonesia dated February 6, 1948, the opium smuggling trio dihunakan RI (Kamajaya, Tonny Subeno and Wen)

, was not dberlaku in singapore, so wen Tonny was arrested and several months of languishing in prison, but they managed to RI baik

.Markas opium smuggling in Mitre Hotel, Kiliney Road, Singapore (4 photo illustration), while also H. Karkono involved in smuggling opium Partokusumo RI, belaiu then Assistant Ministry of Finance in Singapore, under the coordination of former Ambassador Mukarto Notowidigdo large and Foreign Minister in charge to smuggle the opium. (apparently correct RI for the state Treasury to smuggle opium, as alleged in the Dutch newspaper in 1947)

original info:

Paspor NRI no.0028  Presiden Republik Indonesia tanggal 6 pebruari 1948, yang dihunakan tiga sekawan penyeludupan candu RI (Kamajaya,Subeno dan Tonny Wen) , ternyata tidak  dberlaku di singapore, sehingga Tonny wen ditangkap dan beberapa bulan mendekam dalam tahanan ,tetapi mereka berhasil dengan baik.Markas penyeludupan candu RI di Mitre Hotel,Kiliney Road,singapore(4 illustrasi foto), selain itu juga H.Karkono Partokusumo  terlibat dalam penyeludupan candu RI tersebut,belaiu  saat itu Pembantu Kementerian Keuangan RI di singapura,dibawah koordinasi Mukarto Notowidigdo bekas Duta besar dan Menteri Luar negeri yang bertugas menyeludupkan Candu tersebut.(ternyata benar RI untuk keperluan Keuangan negara menyeludupkan Candu,seperti yang dituduhkan Belanda dalam surat kabar tahun 1947)

 February,8th.48

rare republic stamp used  cds .8.2.48..djakarta (djokjakarta?)on fragment ,design young man with tranportations ,annyversary three years Indonesia Independence day,VERY RARE USED STAMPS

February,7th.48

The rare Change Of Adress card dancer 3 cent, postally  used  from Surabaya to Malang (this  old  nede.indie 1941 card still used in 1948 until 1949 at federaal state area-Dr Iwan Notes.)

February,10th.1948

(a)The Renville ship departured Tanjung Priok

(b) three member of “Pasukan Berani Mati ” which throwed Granat get sentece to death at Dutch Justice court,and sevent other get to jail.

(c) the Pamphlet”Lelang Paksa” from Bukittinggi  stae Justice court(Pengadilan Negeri Bukittinggi)

February,15th.1948

The rare Straigth handstamp mark TASIKMALAJA , on used postal stationer overprint 5 cent on 3 1/2 cent card  send from tasikmalaya to Pengalengan (langstamped)

February,9th.1947

 The express independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent added java repoeblik Indonesia definitive stamp 40 cent, sen from Tjaroeban to  Modjokerto,with express stamped and sencore”telah ditilik” postmark.  and madioen without date cds as the legalized original card from madioen.

February,17th.1948

The recieved  of Money (kwitansi) f 1000, for repaird the car,by Repoeblic indonesia Traficc organisation (Dians lalulintas Sumatera barat ,now LLAJR),free revenue,with rare official NRI stamped.

february,20th.1948

The people  who enter their name to be the member of GPRI -Gerakan Plebisit Republik Indonesia at Cilincing were arrest by the Dutch.

97) February,26th-1948

The Dai Nippon Java Card used with ned.Indie Karbouw 5 cent stamps send from Bandung to Pengalengan,bandoeng the capital of Pasundan State of Federaal Indonesia.

 

3.March

the picture of Pasar baroe Djakarta postal Office during in Repoeblik Indonesia,Abdoel Rahman (rare photo)

March,5th.1948

(a)the very rare ontangbewijs(postpakket sending reciveced) sedn from Batavia with very rare BATAVIA CENTRUM 4 MCH 48 square in box  violet .hand stamped

March 9

 Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution

By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever. His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule.

March,16th.1948

(a) The rare Telephone bill send free stamps cds Lhoseumawe rep Indonesia 16.3.48. (Aceh postal history)

(b)The Jakarta Justice court had  get sentence 10 years to Yamamoto Isoho (the Glodok Camp leader) because he were “Kekajaman” to the prisoners

March,20th.1948

(a)registered covered with Pekalongan emergency register label and overprint 1947 on knonijnenberg 40 cent stamp,send from pekalongan to Semarang

(b)The Overprint soekarno local sumatra Republic Issued,off cover, CDS Bukittinggi,20.3.48

March,23th.1948

the postal used postcard stationer overprint 5 cen on 3 1/2 cent stationer card  NIG 282 (error normal 2381)  send from soerabaia to Malang.

March,28th.1948

The rare postal stationer  ovpt.5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NIG 2477 send from  Tanjoeng Enim to  Bandung

March,31st.1948

Tijwoelijk Bestuur Dienst Voorlichtings Residentie Banjoemas Identity card.

4.April

The illustration of the building of telephon  and telegram by PTT in preparation of KTN-komisi Tiga negara(three state commision) conference at Kalirang in april 1948

April,1st.1948

Weeskamer Soerabaia official letters ,r

return AFS.postmark (return to sender) April ,1st ,1948 return in April,29th.1948

The circulation of Weekly magazine “The worker”(Pekerja) had stop .

April,2th.1948

The postally used card from bandung to surbaia.April,16th.1948

the rare change of adress statione dancer 2 cent card ,added stamp off( 1 sen) send from  Tegal to Malang

A[ril,3rd.1948

the illustration of  paketvart post meeting and the inner of Jogya Post office in April 1948.

April,11th.1948

The Atjeh Weeklypaper “WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS INFO WITH DAY, 11 APRIL 1948

3 kekoesaan commission will be expanded,

vice president arrives in djakarta, at 12.30 today has left the premises pesawt Boekittingi Vice President pick up the air that he helped his hour 12.00.Beserta also the Minister of Health Dr. Leimena, generals Maj. Abdul Harris Nasution, a member agency workers KNIP Baharuddin Zainal and Ir Indratjaja. With a plane to pick the vice president, arrived in New York City police chief Omar Said State Sumatra. upon arrival in jkarta, vice president explained that he would stay a few days in Jakrta and Nati night 9:00 (PM) will hold a meeting at home van Mook. To fetch his arrival, the field seemed to fly members of the Dutch delegation, and the rulers of which Mr Ali Boediardjo republic and chairman of the Indonesian republic delegation Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER NOT ACKNOWLEDGE NEGOTIATIONS WITH DUTCH republic. Djokja 10 April, Dr Mansoer which was recently established by Dr. van Mook to be Head of State of East Sumatra, expressing their preformance a press conference, that the State of East Sumatra, is a certainty and tida DAPT eliminated. Also he mkenerangkan bahw atiap each party negotiations conducted and the Dutch republic of Indonesia, will not doiakuinya or approval, Pelita People’s Daily demikianditulis March 13, the llau. Actually Dr. Mansoer forget, that face negotiations with the Dutch delegation republic, representing the Kingdom of the Netherlands adalh, where the State Dr. Mansoer also be involved and establish the existence of the State bahw ayang it go round decision (nesluit) from the Dutch Indies government. Meanwhile pulu stated that Dr. Mansoer not compare the holding of a plebiscite its region, if on the other regions were also held

COMPOSITION OF THE CABINET Negar pASOENDAN, according to newspapers in Bandung, the State Cabinet Pasoendan as follows. Prime Minister and concurrently the economy (Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), In the country (former regent Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Health (Dr Abdoel Patah), Social (M Siradj), Teaching (Soendoro), Finance (Mr. Djoehana), General Pekerjaan (M. Enoch ), Justice (Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG republic INDONESIA (ORI), bERHUBUBNG BECAUSE rumors that ori BE DIRECTLY IN EXCHANGE WITH Monica, explaining that official circles NEWS IS LESS truth.after Interim government that is actually formed, it will be held the unity of the money (or federaalgeld Munteenheid-federal money) . According to working paper republic, the money is proposed, if the money NICA and ORI exchanged with federal money 1 to 1. According to economic considerations, it is only logical because, according to the basic NICA our economy ORI and Money in the end is  people belonging . Negotiations on these financial unity until now didnot found definitive results.

EVENTS uprising in Biak, From jakarta diartakan that the republic’s political kjalangan there want menegtahui SIKA Negar Government of Indonesia East Uprising event at Biak (Papua) because it turns out that the people of Irian was declared emphatically would not form a special area, but want unity by State Eastern Indonesia

DELEGATION REP proposal, INDONESIA ON THE FORM AND COMPOSITION OF INDONESIA STATES

POH AN TUI MEDAN, dated March 20 ceremony was held in Medan dissolution POH AN TUI (Chines eoverses police) with the official.

UNITY TAPANOELI. In Mewdan has stood by the Union Tapanuli rtujuan to repair the interest groups in the country soematra Tapanouli Timoer. Now there are three flow between the tribes Tapanoeli: State pro a.Yang Btak Kingdom, b. Which bejuang to get position in the State of eastern Sumatra, c. which bejuang preformance they occur pernag Front Nasional.Diantara great pen pioneered Naigolan ole DR.

DUTCH LOT IN INDONESIA, Djokja 1o April 1948, Jumalh Dutch sent to Indonesia dai Nederland outnumber knows ago. In 1945 some 2600 people to send to Indonesia, is an employee selurunya NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Agency), so diwarta Aneta. In 1946 some 7141 people comprising partikelirmpegawai domestic workers, women and children. in 1947 this number increased to 21.000 more. According to information, the amount of discharged itusesudah jnauari pernag second world until 1948, has a 31.247 (note Dr. Iwan, this essay I will definitely be read by the families of those currently in the country would still be a lot of Dutch, greetings to the families when and want info on family you, become a premium member, because dr ribuaninfo iwna have created you from a collection)

REPOEBLIK INDONESIA  PAPER MONEY IN ACEH ‘(2 TYPES)

ORIGINAL INFO:

 The Atjeh Weeklypaper”WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS DAY WITH INFO,11 APRIL 1948

kekoesaan komisi 3 akan diperluas,

wakil presiden tiba di djakarta,pukul 12,30 hari ini telah berangkat meninggalkan Boekittingi Wakil Presiden denga pesawt udara yang menjemput beliau jam 12.00.Beserta beliau turut juga Menteri Kesehatan Dr Leimena,Djendral Mayor abdul Harris Nasution, anggota badan pekerja KNIP Zainal Baharuddin dan Ir Indratjaja. Dengan pesawat yang menjemput wakil presiden ini ,tiba di bukittinggi Umar Said Kepala kepolisian Negara Sumatra. pada saat tiba di jakarta,wakil presiden menerangkan  bahwa  beliau akan tinggal beberapa hari di Jakarta dan nanti malam jam 9.00(PM) akan mengadakan rapat dirumah van Mook. Untuk menjemput kedatangan beliau,dilapangan terbang tampak anggota delegasi Belanda dan para pembesar Repoeblik diantaranya Mr Ali Boediardjo dan ketua delegasi repoeblik Indonesia Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER TIDAK MENGAKUI PERUNDINGAN BELANDA DENGAN REPOEBLIK. Djoja 10 april, Dr Mansoer yang baru-baru ini ditetapkan oleh Dr van Mook menjadi Kepala Negara Sumatera Timur, menyatakan pendapatnya dalm suatu konperensi pers, bahwa Negara Sumatera Timur merupakan suatu kepastian dan tida dapt dilenyapkan. Juga beliau mkenerangkan bahw atiap-tiap perundingan yang dilakukan pihak belanda dan pihak repoeblik Indonesia, tidak akan doiakuinya  atau disetujuinya, demikianditulis harian Pelita Rakyat tanggal 13 Maret yang llau. Sebenarnya dr Mansoer lupa, bahwa delegasi Belanda menghadapi perundingan dengan Repoeblik, adalh mewakili Kerajaan belanda,dimana Negara Dr Mansoer juga ada didalamnya dan bahw ayang menetapkan adanya Negara itu adlah keputusan(nesluit) dari pemerintah Hindia belanda. Sementara itu dinyatakan pulu,bahwa Dr mansoer tidak menolok diadakannya plebisit didaerahnya,jika dilain daerah juga diadakan

SUSUNAN KABINET nEGAR pASOENDAN, menurut  surat kabar di Bandung, Susunan Kabinet Negara Pasoendan sebagai berikut. Perdana Menteri merangkap ekonomi(Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), Dalam negeri(Bekas bupati Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Kesehatan (Dr Abdoel Patah), Sosial(M siradj),Pengajaran(Soendoro),Keuangan (Mr Djoehana),Pekrjaan Umum(M.Enoch), Kehakiman(Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG REPOEBLIK INDONESIA(ORI),BERHUBUBNG DENGAN ADANYA DESAS DESUS BAHWA orI AKAN LANGSUNG DI KURS DENGAN nica,KALANGAN RESMI MENERANGKAN BAHWA BERITA ITU KURANG BEANR.Sesudah Pemrintah Interim yang sebenarnya dibentuk,maka akan diadakan kesatuan uang(Munteenheid atau federaalgeld-uang federal). Menurut kertas kerja repoeblik, tentang Uang ini diusulkan,jika uang NICA dan ORI ditukar dengan Uang federal 1 banding 1. Menurut pertimbangan ekonomi,hal ini sudah sewajarnya karena menurut dasar ekonomki ORI dan Uang NICA pada akhirnya adalah tangunggan rakyat. Perundingan tentang kesatuan keuangan ini smapai sekarang belum mendapat hasil yang pasti.

PERISTIWA PEMBERONTAKAN DI BIAK, Dari jakarta diwartakan bahwa kalangan politik Repoeblik disana ingin mengetahui sika Pemerintah Negar Indonesia Timur terhadap peristiwa Pemberontakan di Biak (Papua) karena ini ternyata bahwa rakyat Irian sudah menyatakan dengan tegas tidak mau membentuk daerah istimewa,tetapi ingin mengabung dir dengan Negara Indonesia Timur

USUL DELEGASI REP,INDONESIA TENTANG BENTUK DAN SUSUNAN NEGARA INDONESIA SERIKAT

POH AN TUI MEDAN,tanggal 20 maret di Medan telah dilangsungkan upacara pembubaran POH AN TUI (chines eoverses police) dengan resmi.

PERSATUAN TAPANOELI. Di Mewdan telah berdiri Persatuan tapanuli dengan rtujuan untuk memerbaiki kepentingan golongan Tapanouli di negara soematra Timoer. Sekarang terdapat tiga aliran diantara suku Tapanoeli:a.Yang pro Negara Btak Raya,b. Yang bejuang untuk mendapatkan Kedudukan di Negara sumatra timur,c. yang bejuang dalam Front Nasional.Diantara mereka terjadi pernag pena yang hebat dipelopori ole DR Naigolan.

BANYAK BELANDA DI INDONESIA, Djokja 1o april 1948, Jumalh orang Belanda yang dikirm ke Indonesia dai Nederland melebihi jumlah tahu yang lalu. Dalam tahun 1945 sejumlah 2600 orang yang dikirm ke Indonesia,selurunya adalah pegawai NICA(Netherland Indie  Civil Agency),demikian diwarta aNeta. Pada tahun 1946 sejumlah 7.141 orang yang terdiri dari pekerja partikelirmpegawai negeri,wanita dan anak-anak. dalam tahun 1947 jumlah ini meningkat jadi 21,000 lebih. Menurut keterangan ,jumlah itusesudah habis pernag dunia kedua hingga jnauari 1948,telah menjadi 31,247(catatan dr Iwan, karangan saya ini pasti akan dibaca oleh keluarga mereka yang saat ini tentu masih banyak di negeri belanda, salam bagi para keluarga bila anda ingin info tentang keluarga anda,jadilah anggota premium,sebab dr iwna memiliki ribuan info buat anda dari koleksinya)

 

April,12th.1948

(a)the Rare postalstationer NIG 2477 send from Batavia centrum to Bandung.April,26th.1948

(b)The besluit Resident Palembang 1919 was legitimation with Nederland  handelsmaatschapij (bank)  Palem april.12..48 hand stamped.

(c)The Territorial commandant of West Java, Major-general H.J.J.W. Durst annouced that the 1st Mei ceremony(arak-akan) was forbidden.

april,16th.1948

 The earliest used  of Repoblik Indonesia local revenue f 25,- and the latest block four 24/4.48.

April,19th.1948

the earliest used blue paper local sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f,25, block three,the latest used 21/6.1948.

April,20th.1948

two photos of the meeting between Indonesia  and Ducth delegation supervised by KTn at Kaliurang (near Djokja)

 

MAY 1948

(1)two photos of the meeting at Kepatihan Djojakarta between NRI ands Ducth Delegation under  supervision KTN

(2)at Late May 1948, Mr SM AMIN was pointed as the Guvenour Of North sumatra by Presiden Soekarno.

(3)Kartosuwirjo proclaims himself Imam of Negara Islam Indonesia, or “Darul Islam”, an Islamic state rebelling against both Dutch and the Republic. His followers begin setting up local administrations in West Java.

(3) The Typhoid disease in Jakarta, 20 % were died.

May,3th.1948

The postally used cover from CDS Mamasa 3.5.48 to semarang (rare city cds) 

May,7th.1948

Postlly used card from CDS Malili 7.5.48 to Semarang with  overprint Indonesia on Wilhelmina 1 gld stamp(rare city cds)

May,14th.1948

The error 15 sen Java republik Indonesia unperforated revenue used on document,

May,15th.1948

the chinese women fund horganisation letter,send from jakarta with special federal Postal  Batavia handstamped violet  Batavia centrum 15.5.1948.

May,16th.1948

related with the War condition, Emergency Government on may, .16 in 1948, stipulates that to strengthen and centralize all in order to  menyempurnakan defend need power tools of civil and military special preformance of each military area preformance one hand, then in the special military regions all powers of Civil and Military conducted by the Military Governor. The next preformance residency civilian government run by the Council on behalf of the Regional Defence and bertangungg responsible to the Military Governor is concerned, while the business is run by military commanders on behalf dab Sub_Teritorial Responsible to governor Militer on 17 mei PDRI made provisions that force the centralization of power to the civilian and military Military Governor in the Military Specialties, the post of Governor of Sumatra Province for the time being removed. also stipulated that the oversight of regional autonomy as stipulated in Government Regulation 1948 made ​​by Ko in the Emergency Government decree dated 17 May 1949 no 23, set seterusnya, that the Government Commissioner who will supervise the former Province gubewrnur saudara Mr. SM Amin, the advance of another, the government appointed Commissioner for regional defense Utara.Dewan Sumatra regional diamksud above Ketetapn Commissioner formed by the Central Government for the North Sumatran June 19, 1p49 No. 3 and consists of Resident TTDaudsyah as chairman, and as a member M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar and Alemz.masing respective former executive member of the Parliament of North Sumatra

original info(ibid TM Hassan,1986)

related with the War condition, PDRI on may,.16th 1948, menetapkan bahwa untuk memperkokoh dan menyempurnakian petahanan perlu memusatkan sehgala alat-alat kekuasaan sipil dan militer dalm tiap daerah militer istimewa dalm satu tangan, maka dalam daerah militer istimewa segala kekuasaan Sipil dan Militer dilakukan oleh Gubernur Militer . selanjutnya dalm keresidenan pemerintah sipil dijalankan oleh Dewan Pertahanan Daerah atas nama dan bertangungg jawab kepada Gubernur Militer yang bersangkutan,sedangkan urusan militer dijalankan oleh komandan Sub_Teritorial atas nama dab bertanggung Jawab kepad gubernur MiliterPada tabnggal 17 mei PDRI mmebuat Ketetapan bahwa berlakunya pemusatan kekuasaan sipil dan militer kepada Gubernur Militer di daerah Militer Istimewa, jabatan Gubernur Propinsi di Sumatra buat sementara waktu dihapus. ditetapkan pula bahwa pengawasan atas daerah otonomi seperti dimaksud dalam Peraturan Pemerintah tahun 1948 dilakukan oleh Ko dalam ketetapan PDRI tanggal 17 mei 1949 no 23,ditetapkan setrusnya,bahwa Komisaris Pemerintah yang akan melakukan pengawasan tersebut adalah bekas gubernur Propinsi saudar Mr SM AMin,anatar lain,diangkat menjadi Komisaris Pemerintah untuk daerah Sumatera Utara.Dewan pertahanan Daerah yang dimaksud diatas dibentuk dengan Ketetapan Komisaris Pemerintah Pusat untuk sumatera Utara tanggal 19 Juni 1p49 no 3 dan terdiri dari Residen T.T.Daudsyah sebagai ketua,dan sebagai anggota M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar dan Alemz.masing-masing bekas anggota eksekutif DPR Sumatera Utara.

May,18th.1948

the Soeloeh rajat News paper

May, 18th.1948

The Rajat Soeloeh News paper

(a) Establishment Attitudes and the plan nekerja pesundan State,

NIDS struggling collar formation gives equal rights to all citizens, the pursuit of improved teaching, social, economic health, etc..

In the trial the State Parliament Pasoendan 134 dated May 1948 the then Prime Minister Mr. Adil Poeradiredja telang has provided a statement of government policy leaders plan to be run by the government, below we include a summary of these statements. Mr fairly stated, that the cabinet was formed on the basis of politics where the most important advance of the program are:

(a1) we struggle towards Indonesia Addressing the union of a free and sovereign (Indonesia is now the organization has been established as Federasi0, which will stand as Unity State.

(b1) Give equal rights to all citizens without distinction bangdsa mengiggatkan, religion and kultuur.

(c1) Recognize and protect the rights of minorities.

(2) Prundingan will move to Djokja

(3) Representative to the Conference of Bandung Banka

(4) Commercial illustration Perkebuna n be a way to enlarge the country and folk sources of income.

original info:
 

(a) Sikap Pendirian dan rentjana nekerja Negara pesundan,

berjuang kerah pembentukan NIDS memberi hak sama pada semua Warga  negara,mengejar perbaikan Pengajaran,sosial,kesehatan ekonomi dll.

Dalam sidang Parlemen Negara Pasoendan tanggal 134 Mei 1948 yang lalu,Perdana Menteri Mr Adil Poeradiredja telah memberikan suatu keterangan telang kebijakan rencana pemimpin pemerintahan yang akan dijalankan oleh pemerintahannya, dibawah ini kami memuat ringkasan keterangan tersebut. Mr adil menyatakan , bahwa kabinet ini dibentuk atas dasar politik program anatar mana yang terpenting ialah :

(a1) Menujukan perjuangan kita kearah Indonesia serikat yang merdeka dan berdaulat (organisasi Indonesia sekarang telah ditetapkan sebagai Federasi0, yang akan berdiri sebagai Persatuan Negara bagian.

(b1) Memberi hak yang sama kepada semua warga Negara dengan tidak mengiggatkan perbedaan bangdsa,agama dan kultuur.

(c1) Mengakui dan melindungi hak minoritas.

(2) Prundingan akan berpindah ke Djokja

(3) Perwakilan banka Ke Konperensi bandung

(4) illustrasi Pengusahaan Perkebuna n suatu cara untuk memperbesar sumber penghasilan negeri dan rakyat.

May,20th.1948

(a)The house of the lead of GPRI organisation Mr Ali Budiardjo at Pegangsaan timur “digeledah” because subversif.

(b) Two photos of the 40th years Indonesia national erection day anniversary(Hari Kebangkitan Nasional)  at Yogjakarta.look the Imam Bonjol picture on the wall.

(c) The Meeting between Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegation under KTN supervision at Kaliurang near Jogja.

May,26th.1948

The  Cover Fragment of Block 8 Ned.indie. dancer 4cent stamp cdas Medan 26.5.48 and other fragment Ned.indie Stamps in 1948 dancer 3 cent block 10.(during East sumatra State)

May,28th.1948

 the rare label of Income tax recieved at Padang panjang CDS 28.5.48 ,the change or repoeblik curency from small f to new bigger F new URIPS money(Uang Republik Indoesia propinsi sumatra)

Mei,31th.1948

the photo of  the meeting between NRI goverment with political party in Yogja Place

6.June 1948

 june,3rd.1948

the photo of Presiden Soekarno cs fled by flight to Sumatra

and after arrievd at Bukittinggi, he  look Bukittingi at night

June,4th.194

president went to Padang Pandjang

and then President Sukarno arrive at Padang, Resident Sumatra Barat Moh Sjafei spoke during the night meeting

and Dr Sukiman speaks. also Moh sjafei talks with pemuka Rakyat.

June ,5th,1948

the photo of  Dr Soekiman speaking during Isjak Mirazd  day at Buktittingi this day

.

June,6th.1948

(a)On June,6th,1948  Presient Soekarno after melantik Ketua (chief)dan anggota(member)of The Central commisariat Gouvernment for sumatra at Bukittinggi,President soekarno depart to North with Car and from Siboroing-borong flyed by Aeroplane RI-002,without left door, to Lho Nga airport near Kutaraja.

(b)The Postally used cover witn overprinti 1947 on wilhelmina stamps 12 1/2 cent.

June,7th.1948

(a)President Sukarno  visit Maninjau West sumatra

(b)on this day  Mr S.M. Amin had  inagurated  as the Gouvernur  of North sumatra at the Banda aceh palace(kraton). The new gouvenor of North sumatra found many difficulty because this are “kurang aman” unsecured, and also the Dutch WarShip alway shooting the land,beside the Dutch Blockade around Aceh coast. One of the movement in Aceh lead by Said Ali,who didnot done the order of North sumatra Gouvernur, and he was arrested by the Military Gouvernur (look daud berueuh Pamphlet)

June,11th,1948

(a)The photo of KTN resception at Kepatihan Yogjakarta

(b)During the landroad travelling from Bukittinggi to Tapanuli, Presiden Sukarno some time rest in this day(three photos)

(c)The postally used  register cover with Djokjakarta series stamps 60 cent _ Borobudur stupa design , cds. Djakarta 11.7.48 to  probolinggo,with  censor chop

Java&Madoera 1946 ZBL 43A Proof Double+Mirror Print

Thi other series ,rare bird 50 (double print)cent used combination with def 100 sen   at money order fragment. and flag 60 cent mint block four

June,12th.1948

the use repoblik indonesia local sumatra f 75,- on complete document with legalized Bukittinggi post office,s chief

June ,13th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Tarutung this day(photo) and vist hospital there.

June.14th 1948

(a) the recieved of Wang ambonnement  Tan Nie Liang,Keng Po and sinpo newspaper. (newspaper fee) F.6 of newspaper   june 1948(14.6.48)

(b)The kaliurang conference had moved to Jakarta, the delegation went to Jakarta by train.look some picture of the delegations Australian delegation Critcley, indonesi  hatta,moh roem etc.

June,15th.1948

The rare postally  used express. cover with Djokjakarta  series stamp -design RI flag from CDS Djakarta to CDS Probolinggo.June,16th.1948

The Chinese oversees  women study fund organisation jakarta(Federatie van chinese studiekringen-Chig Hsing Lien Ho Hui) letter CDS Jakarta.

June,17th.1948

(a)the rare Merdeka newspaper card send from Djakarta cds  17.6.47, by express to Jogyakarta. with java NRI definitive stamps 2×5 sen and 1x 40 sen (rate 50 sen)

(b)the Samidi book store private postcard send from batavia to Soerabaia.

June,22th1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Jambi by plane (three photos)

June,24th.1948

(a)Presiden soekarno arrived at Bengkulu to  vist the house where he was arrest  by dutch in 1942.( four photos)

(b)Moh Natsit  meeting with Vice Presiden Moh Hatta (photo)

June,25th,1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Tjoerup bengkulu(two photo)

June,27th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Telok Betong Lampong(five photos)

June,28th.1948

Amir Syarifuddin form the People’s Democratic Front (FDR) on June 28, 1948. Political group is trying to put himself in opposition to the government under cabinet Hatta. FDR joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

7.July

July,1st,1948

The  earliest used of Sumatra repoeblic Indonesia local revenue f 70 (old roepiah) ,used fragment. and other date in 1948.

July,5th.1948

The postally used cover from cds Makassar on overprint 1947 Wilhemina 12 1/2 cent stamp to Batavia centrum.

July 8 th.1948.

Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia.

July,1oth,1948

 Surat Pangilan dari polisi Kota bukittingi tanggal 10 juli1948,

atas nama Negara republik Indonesia sajya roeslan di kantor Polisi Bukittingi disuruh menghadap  etc tanggal 14.7.1948 jqm 9.pqgi dihadpan Pengadilan Di Bukittinggi untuk diperiksa menjadi terdakwa dalm perkara…etc

July,14th.1948

The Matraman area Jakarta were surround (dikepung) by dutch army and Police because the subversif action at that area

July,15th.1948

The Indonesian  Nation Meeting(pertemuan kebangsaan)  of all Indonesia at Perguruan rakyat (People s chool) salemba.

July,17th.1948

(a)The Indonesia national nation meeting finish with will (menghendaki) : Negara Serikat with souverinity(berdaulat)  and Independence as the The justice law state with basic azas democracy and in republic form.

(b) The rare ORI overprint on 0.15 sen   of Java Repoeblic Indonesia local revebue ,on compleet document( the-,15 more common)

July,19th.1948
the postal used stationer overprint  5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NG error 2 21(nomal 2721) send from Lahat to Batavia.

July,21th.1948

The circulations of Sentosa newspaper was stopping(dibreidel)

July,22th.1948

The postal used postal stationer card 5 cen ovpt 31/2 cen feredral state card NIG 2721,but tis card misprint 2 21,the 7  off , send from Lahat to Batavia

July,25th.1948

The rare latest used single repoeblic Indonesai loca sumatra revevue f15,- on complete document with official chief Market(pengholeoe pasar) padang Pandjang, because the rate up to f.25 and then  f.75,-

July,27.1948

The Sin Min New paper information;

(A) Invasion of Surrounding Salatiga

Obtained that news on Thursday night that plainly, s erombongan likelihood of complete guns with vandals have attacked the line of the status quo on the east side of Salatiga and made two attacks on Dutch military camp in Dadapajam, where the vandals are using mortars and automatic weapons. This attack can be repelled. A Dutch military were wounded. Almost simultaneously with it, about five kilometers adjacent to its south is also a Dutch military camp near Rekosari has been attacked by vandals mortier by gerembolan (dutch menamkan republican army like that). They can be driven out and headed to a military camp south of elatnya away, at the Soeroeh, who attacked denganhebat smpai three times, but also here they DAPT repelled. It seems the attacks were carried out on a large scale and regular, entourage uuga vandals set fire to several houses to escape the village and destroy the bridge underlined the status quo, further also found roadblocks (Begitulan news from the Federal tentan Dutch troops attack the Republic of Indonesia said vandals, who is the leader of this attack, until now there has been perenah reported, he needs to dinugerahkan decorated hero of independence, hope this info related reports, notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Sjafroeddin-Sukiman Resign?

Apparently kalngan served until now still want interesting events to strike Delanggoe undesirable situation, even though the incident has been resolved and the workers have started working again.

In a news published daily as saying that the interior minister Dr Sukiman and Prosperity Mr. Minister, Sjafroeddin, aan resigned, because he was not satisfied with the attitude of the government’s resolve an issue and a matter delangoe permogokan in a special area of ​​Surakarta. In addition to the news broadcast also said Mr.Moh.Roem would resign from the delegates. Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”‘ Gd=’The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent” ‘ closure_uid_buen0h=”80″>The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent”

(C) Railway Fire delegation arrived in Jakarta

Monday night at 19:30 the train has arrived in Jakarta, leaving from Djokja 6 am from Monument station. Australian representative in the KDB Crichley, come ride the train, from the Netherlands delegation there are 15 members of staff of the Republican delegation and 77 people participated.

The picture of the Kaliurang meeting Delegation meeeting with Sukarno like mr Critchley, also Hatta and zMoh>Roem and from feral  Abd,Kadir.

(D) For What  the Republican Political Meeting  Stops

 Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 June. in his article titled “Djokja and Bandung,” among other things wrote: “The decision to stop negotiations, the fall in conjunction with government activities which maikin federaal intensified, which has held its own with the initiative of conference Bandung to seek progress in resolving the problem of Indonesia. Selanjtnya also, the fall in conjunction with state of cessation of the Dutch government. With the rapid reaction of the Commission of the United Nations (UNO), and on Tuesday the Security Council will discuss again this matter. Conference of heads of states and regions in Bandung can be interpreted that the Federalists could not wait for the policy to establish NIS Netherlands Indonesia-United states.
this raises concern in Djokja republican party. Leftists in Republican states, that the pressure of the left in the republic bertambah.Sudah increasingly apparent that a new national program has not drawn up in accordance with the Federal arrangement, which is now outside the Republican establishment. So for Djokja no better hand over Indonesia to the Council about the UN Security is untu obstruct and impede the movement of the Netherlands the Federalists, who by friends Djokja in the Security Council would be called a state Doll.

(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters Ambarawa

”Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.   Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “Gd =” Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ Gd=’”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ closure_uid_buen0h=”95″>”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street

 original info :
 

(a) Penyerbuan Disekitar Salatiga

Didapat kabar bahw pada hari kamis malam yang lalau,s erombongan beasr kaum pengacau dengans ejata lengkap telah menyerang garis status quo disebelah timur Salatiga dan melakukan dua serangan pada kamp militer Belanda di Dadapajam,dimana kaum pengacau mengunakan mortir dan senjata otomatis. Serang ini dapat dipukul mundur. Seorang Militer Belanda menderita luka-luka. Hampir bersamaan dengan itu,kira-kira lima kilometer disebelah selatannya, juga sebuah kamp militer Belanda di dekat Rekosari telah diserang dengan mortier oleh gerembolan pengacau(belanda menamkan tentara republik seperti itu). Mereka dapat diusir  dan menuju ke kamp militer yang elatnya sebelah selatan lagi, yaitu di Soeroeh, yang diserangnya denganhebat smpai tiga kali, akan tetapi juga disini mereka dapt dipukul mundur. Kelihatannya serangan-serangan itu dilakukan secara besar-besaran dan teratur, rombongan pengacau itu uuga membakar beberapa rumah kampung dan waktu melarikan diri menhancurkan jembatan digaris status Quo, lebih jauh juga ditemukan perintang jalan(Begitulan berita dari  pihak Federal belanda tentan serangan pasukan Republik Indonesia yang dikatakan pengacau,siapakah pemimpin serangan ini,sampai saat ini belum perenah dilaporkan, beliau perlu dinugerahkan bintang jasa pahlawan kemerdekaan , harap yang terkait melaporkan info ini ,catatan Dr Iwan)

(b)Sjafroeddin -Soekiman Mengundurkan diri ?

Ternyata sampai sekarang masih saja kalngan yang hendak menarik peristiwa pemogokan Delanggoe kepada keadaan yang tidak diinginkan, meskipun sebenarnya peristiwa tersebut telah diselesaikan dan kaum buruh sudah mulai bekerja kembali.

Dalam suatu harian dimuat berita yang mengatakan, bahwa menteri dalam negeri Dr Soekiman dan Menteri Kemakmuran Mr,Sjafroeddin, aan mengundurkan diri,karena katanya tidak puas dengan sikap pemerintah dalam menyelesaikan maslah permogokan di delangoe dan soal daerah istimewa Soerakarta. Selain itu disiarkan juga berita yang mengatakan Mr.Moh.Roem akan mengundurkan diri dari delegasi. Mengenai berita pertama itu,kalangan yang snagat berdekatan dengan pucuk pimpinan Masjoemi, mengatakan ,sama tidak tahu tentang hal itu, sedang yang menegani berita kedua, Mr Moh>Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”

(c) Kerata Api delegasi tiba di Jakarta

Hari senen malam jam 19.30 kereta api  telah tiba di jakarta, berangkat dari Djokja jam 6 pagi dari stasiun Tugu. Wakil Australia dalam KDB Crichley ,ikut menumpang kereta itu, dari delegasi Belanda ada 15 orang anggota staf dan dari delegasi Republik ikut 77 orang. 

(d) Sebab Apa Republik Menghentikan Prundingan Politik

 Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 juni. dalam artikelnya berjudul ” Djokja dan Bandung” anatara lain menulis :”Putusan untuk menghentikan perundingan,jatuhnya bersamaan dengan kegiatan pemerintah fedreaal yang maikin diperhebat, yang dengan inisiatif sendiri telah mengadakan koferensi Bandung untuk mencari kemajuan dalam penyelesaian masalah Indonesia. Selanjtnya juga,jatuhnya  bersamaan dengan keadaan berhentinya pemerintahan Belanda. Dengan cepat timbul reaksi dari Komisi PBB(UNO), dan pada hari selasa Dewan Keamanan akan membicarakan lagi masalah ini. Konperensi kepala negara dan daerah di bandung dapat diartikan bahwa kaum Federalis sudah tidak sabar lagi terhadap kebijakan Belanda untuk membentuk NIS-negara Serikat Indonesia.
hal ini menimbulkan kekuatiran pihak republik di Djokja. Kaum Kiri di Republik menyatakan, bahwa tekanan kaum kiri di republik makin hari makin bertambah.Sudah nyata bahwa program nasional yang baru disusun sudah tidak sesuai dengan susunan Federal, yang sekarang pembentukannya diluar Republik. Maka bagi Djokja tidak ada yang lebih baik  menyerahkan soal indonesia kepada Dewan Keamana PBB untu  merintangi Belanda dan merintangi gerakan kaum Federalis, yang oleh teman-teman Djokja di Dewan Keamanan tentu akan disebut sebagai negara Boneka.
(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters AmbarawaPembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.” Gd=”Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “>Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.(F) Applicability of Rule Seals In 1921From the Department of Finance has been notified as follows: “Paraturan seal 1921 and seal of the legal rules contained mengaenai preformance other general rules, with ordonasi August 21, 1945 (Stadblad 220) for temporarily revoked (not used), except for the so-called seal capital (kapitaal zegel) has been extended with ordonasi dated 19 January 1948 (stadblad No. 25) that is, until July 1, a new past. From that date wajiblah redeemable stamp duty again as before, then it would be useful to give a brief view of the changes and Additional primarily from the regulatory seal of 1921, which has been held swsudah announced the full text of the calendar attachment in Government (Regering-a tender Almanac 1941, which headed (caption) Tax Law Indonesia-Indische Belastingwetgeving. 1941.Perubahan years held the customs to usrat Pas Travel abroad and certificate (lehitimatie-bewijs), nor may cataan to extend the time of this letter, has been raised menjafi F.5, – Aatu more than that becomes F.7, 50. To take into account the duties of the proof of lease hire, charges totaling 10 cents for each F.100, -, has been awarded a new rounding rule, which reads, customs sukrang least fifteen cents sampi 25 cents, more than 25 cents sampi 50 cents to twenty-five cents, more than 50 cents up to Rp 5, with fifty cents and more than Rp 5, – with a dollar. If jumalh of the charges calculated lies between the two stamp duty, wajiblah pay customs duties are the second highest dar8. stadsblad premises (gazetted) in 1948 no.135r opportunity to pay the stamp duty has been extended by membeolehkan setorn to the State Treasury for the deposit of a power of attorney issued by the comptroller’s office (inspectie van Fiancien). F.500 .- Limit has been lowered to F.25. For the attachment of the seal of all letter, then if desired be allowed to wear the seal paste (plakkzegel) instead of paper affixed with zegel which relies on private law only.Stamp duty remains of F.1, 50 for mail with  signatures created as evidence of action, facts and circumstances that must be paid, for securities that rely on private law (privaatrechtlijk) as well as the law governing the transportation between  private  people and the government (punliekrechtlijk ) have limited to a letter that relied on private law only.According to section IV a new beginning ekarang legendary duty levied at 50 cents from a letter of evidence storage, gudangdan penerimaa. Further charges 25 cents for kononsemen created here, party suarft chaeter of cargo and cargo.Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini.”
“Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between  no longer subject to this special duty. “>Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between njutnya no longer subject to this special duty. if the case is made that the letter was signed, this letter is subject to the general stamp duty F.1, 50.Sale and purchase of fixed effect subject to this special duty, Customs for the memorandum to be made in this, dituanikan with outboard seal the ordinary. Metrai Commerce to be paid twice tealh turrunan dihapuskan.jiga not need to be taken in a list marked.For outstanding amsih letter, which was made before 1 July and which still must be given the seal selurhnya later (nazegelling) because the re-enactment rule bea.due to rules for regular mail and letters about the household tealh set, that of the letter the letter permulaaannya exempt from stamp duty. Bea was just be accomplished, if it is used sutrat notaries, prosecutors, penyitaaan or also if a pegaswai government must heed the determination of when to take the contents of the letter.In the meantime set also with changes streak halted as of July 1, the last, that the petition to the government or government agency and the determination to be taken upon it, subject to no more than the general stamp duty sebayak F1, 50. It has also been abolished preferential voting determination letter from the letter, which meuat appointment in the office and giving a raise. in this connection should be noted that the letter  to implement the employer’s premises parftikelir agreements already exempt from stamp duty under ordonasi in stadblad 1928 no.533Because time will pass so long, people can run the new stamp duty rules in 1921 premises really Supervisory Head of the Department of Finance has memebrikan keuasaan until the 1st of january 1949 to the Post in order to seal the employee to mention all the proposed “surat memunggut “no fines or make prosec Verbaal (news inspection program) so that all the errors until the date fixed

(e) Iklan Pasar Malam di Alon aloon Ambarawa

Masih tersedia tempat didalam pasar malam buat permainan (tombola,loterij barang) restaurant dll >Pembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.

(f)Berlakunya Peraturan Meterai Tahun 1921

Dari pihak Departemen Keuangan telah diberitahukan sebagai berikut:”Paraturan Meterai tahun 1921 dan aturan yang mengaenai hukum meterai yang termuat dalm peraturan umum lainnya,dengan ordonasi tanggal 21 Agustus 1945(Stadblad 220) untuk sementara dicabut(tidak dipakai),kecuali untuk yang dinamakan meterai modal(kapitaal zegel) telah diperpanjang dengan ordonasi tertanggal 19 januari 1948(stadblad no 25) yaitu sampai tanggal 1 July yang baru lalu. Mulai tanggal itu bea meterai wajiblah ditunaikan lagi seperti sediakala, maka itu berguna kiranya untuk memberikan pemandangan yang singkat tentang perubahan dan  tambahan yang terutama dari peraturan meterai 1921,yang telah diadakan swsudah diumumkannya naskah lengkap tentang itu didalam lampiran Penanggalan Pemerintah(Regering-almanak tahum 1941,yang berkepala(caption) Undang-Undang Pajak Indonesia -Indische Belastingwetgeving. tahun 1941.Perubahan yang diadakan adalah bea untuk usrat Pas Perjalanan keluar negeri dan surat keterangan(lehitimatie-bewijs),begitupula cataan untuk memperpanjang waktu dari surat ini,telah dinaikan menjafi F.5,- aatu lebih dari itu menjadi F.7,50. Untuk memperhitungkan bea dari tanda bukti sewa menyewa,bea berjumlah 10 sen untuk tiap F.100,-,telah diberikan aturan pembulatan baru, yang berbunyi, bea sukrang-kurangnya lima belas sen sampi 25 sen, lebih dari 25 sen sampi 50 sen dengan  duapuluh lima sen,lebih dari 50 sen sampai RP.5,  dengan lima puluh sen dan lebih dari RP.5,- dengan satu rupiah. Jika jumalh dari bea yang diperhitungkan  terletak diantara dua bea meterai ,wajiblah membayar bea tertinggi dar8 kedua bea tersebut. Denga stadsblad(lembaran negara)  tahun 1948 no.135r kesempatan untuk membayar bea meterai telah diperluas dengan membeolehkan setorn ke Kas Negeri atas surat kuasa untuk menyetor yang dikeluarkan kantor pengawas keuangan (inspectie van Fiancien).Batas F.500.- telah diturunkan menjadi F.25. Untuk penempelan meterai dari semua surat,untuk selanjutnya jika dikehendaki diperkenankan memakai meterai tempel(plakkzegel) sebagai ganti kertas yang dibubuhi zegel yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi saja.

Bea meterai tetap dari F.1,50 untuk surat  yang dibuhi tanda tangan dibuat sebagai bukti  tindakan,kenyataan dan keadaaan  yang harus dibayar ,untuk surat yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi(privaatrechtlijk) maupun atas hukum yang mengatur perhubungan anata orang partikjulir dan pemerintah(punliekrechtlijk) tealh dibatdsi untuk surat yang bersandarkan atas hukum pribadi saja.

Menurut bab IV a yang baru, mulai daris ekarang dipungut bea sebesar 50 sen dari surat bukti penyimpanan,gudangdan penerimaa. Selanjutnya bea 25 sen untuk kononsemen yang dibuat disini,partai chaeter tentang muatan serta suarft muatan.

Bab VIII yang meuat aturan untuk pemungutan  meterai perniagaan/dagang(handlzegel) telah sangat disingkatkan dan dipermudah>Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini. jika tentang hal ini dibuat surat yang ditanda tangani,surat ini dikenakan bea meterai umum F.1,50.

Jual beli surat Effect tetap dikenakan bea istimewa ini, Bea untuk nota yang harus dibuat dalam ini, dituanikan dengan meterai tempel yang biasa saja. Metrai Perniagaan yang harus dibayar dua kali tealh dihapuskan.jiga tidak perlu diambil turunan  dalam suatu daftar yang diberi tanda.

Untuk surat yang masih beredar,yang dibuat sebelum tanggal 1 juli dan yang seluruhnya masih  harus diberikan meterai kemudian(nazegelling) karena berlakunya kembali peraturan bea.sesuai demngan aturan untuk surat biasa dan surat mengenai rumah tangga tealh ditetapkan,bahwa dari dari permulaaannya surat  surat itu dibebaskan dari bea meterai. Bea itu baru harus ditunaikan ,jika sutrat itu dipakai notaris,jaksa,penyitaaan atau juga jika seorang pegaswai pemerintah sewaktu mengambil penetapan harus mengindahkan isi dari surat itu.

Dalam pada itu  ditetapkan juga dengan perubahan kilat yang terhitung muali tanggal 1 Juli yang lalu, bahwa surat permohonan kepada Pemerintah atau badan pemerintah dan penetapan yang harus diambil atas hal itu,dikenakan tidak lebih dari bea meterai umum sebayak F1,50. JUga telah dihapuskan pemungutan istimewa surat dari surat penetapan,yang meuat pengangkatan dalam jabatan dan pemberian kenaikan gaji. dalam hubungan ini harus diperhatikan bahw asurat yang dinuat untuk melaksanakan perjanjian kerja denga  majikan parftikelir sudah dibebaskan dari bea meterai menurut ordonasi dalam stadblad 1928 no.533

Karena akan lewat sekian waktu lamanya, baru orang dapat menjalankan aturan bea meterai 1921 denga sungguh-sungguh Pengawas Kepala Departemen Keuangan telah memebrikan keuasaan sampai tanggal 1 january 1949 kepada pegawai Pos supaya menyegel lagi semua suart yang diajukan tidak memunggut denda atau membuat prosec verbaal(berita acara pemeriksaan) sehingga semua kesalahan sampai tanggal itu dibetulkan

July,28th,1948

the rare Residentie west sumatra official information(BERITA RASMI)

.undang Act no11 tentangf change the tax rate cut.

VICE PRESIDENT PEINRTAH 2.SURAT no 53/WP/BT/48

To the Inspector UmumKeuangan on Tax officials from the ministries of Finance M. Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag while running keqwajibannya pad for a State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in Bukititnggi.

Ordered, visiting each of the Residency in dsumatera order;

a. Perfecting Ijurannegara official organization, both technical and admimistratif based on the prevailing peraturam in Java and Madura.

b.Dimana necessary, to restore people’s trust to the Official State Ijuran (Dues)

c.Memperhebat receipts for the State so that the danger of inflation DAPT reduced.

To the Governor and Commander of the TNI Sumatra Sumatra commandment, all residents and the Unity of the Armed Forces d Sumatran hereby requested to provide all necessary assistance and information kepad a host of M. Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut in running a command that we provide.

Boekititnggi, 8 April 1948

Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

GOVERNMENT OF WEST SUMATRA edict.

Considering that in order to prevent price increases for goods makana seentara need to hold a prohibition for the time being, remove material from West Sumatra makana such as Copra, dry pepper, Peanut and Sweet Oil, and so on.

bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Resident of West Sumatra

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan dated 26 May 1948 by the secretary of the residency Haroen al Rasjid.

REGULATION OF MONEY WAITING

Governor of the State sumatra republic IndonesiaMenimbang that for mecapai rationalization in the use of workers labor on government positions in the province of Sumatra, needed to be rules about menberhentiakn employees as the excess energy than necessary to provide money Wait (wachtgeld) with peresetujuan of the Working Committee and the Legislative Decree Sumatra Prseiden NRI September 29, 1946.

 Memuruskan, by canceling the (deadly) regulations regarding the provision of money waiting (wacht geld) current, and so on

ORIGINAL INFO:

1.undang undang no11 tentangf perobahan tarip pajak potong.

2.SURAT PEINRTAH WAKIL PRESIDEN no 53/WP/BT/48

Kepada Inspektur UmumKeuangan pada pejabat Pajak dari kementerian Keuangan M.Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag buat sementara menjalankan keqwajibannya pad a Komisariat Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukititnggi.

Diperintahkan ,mengunjungi tiap-tiap Keresidenan di dsumatera guna;

a. Menyempurnakan organisasi pejabat Ijurannegara,baik admimistratif  maupun teknis dengan berpedoman pada peraturam yang berlaku di Jawa dan Madura.

b.Dimana perlu,mengembalikan kepercayaan rakyat kepada Pejabat Ijuran Negara (Iuran)

c.Memperhebat pemasukan uang bagi Negara sehingga bahaya inflasi dapt diperkecil.

Kepada gubernur Sumatra dan Panglima TNI Komandemen Sumatra,segenap residen dan Kesatuan Angkatan Perang d sumatera dengan ini diminta supaya memberikan segala bantuan dan keterangan yang diperlukan kepad a tuan M.Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut dalam menjalankan perintah yang kami berikan.

Boekititnggi, 8 april 1948

Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

MAKLUMAT PEMERINTAH SUMATERA BARAT .

Menimbang bahwa untuk mencegah kenaikan harga barang makana buat seentara perlu mengadakan larangan buat sementara waktu ,mengeluarkan bahan makana dari daerah Sumatera Barat seperti Kopra,Lada kering,Kacang tanah dan Minyak Manis, dan seterusnya.

bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Residen sumatera Barat

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan tanggal 26 mei 1948 oleh sekretaris keresidenan Haroen al Rasjid.

PERATURAN UANG TUNGGU

Gubernur sumatra Negara republik IndonesiaMenimbang bahwa untuk mecapai rasionalisasi dalam pemakaian tenaga pekerja pada jabatan Pemerintahan dalam Provinsi Sumatera,perlu diadakan peraturan tentang menberhentiakn Pegawai sebagai tenaga yang berlebih dari semestinya dengan memberikan Uang Tunggu(wachtgeld) dengan peresetujuan Badan Pekerja Dewan Perwakilan Sumatra dan Ketetapan Prseiden NRI tanggal 29 September 1946.

 Memuruskan ,dengan membatalkan (mematikan) peraturan tentang pemberian uang tunggu(wacht geld0 yang berlaku sekarang, dan seterusnya

(INFO LENGKAP HANYA UNTUK ANGGOTA PREMIUM BLOD,SILAHKAN MENDAFTAR LIWAT KOMENTAR)

July,29th.1948

Two POSA member had sentence to death by Jakarta JUstice court because they throwed the granat at Kramat area Jakarta at july,20th.1948 .and two other sentence to jail 9 and 5 years.

8.August

August,1th.1948

The KPOB_Komite Pendidik and Organisasi Buruh”(Worker oragnitation) had founded in order to unity the worker in struggle and work.(berjuang dan bekerja)

August ,4th.1948

The promotion of Fonds Pembelian Kapal terbang(FDK_Republik Fund for buying aeroplane) from Tapanoeli(very rare pamphlet, used the back for homemade cover in 1950)

August,5th.1948

The postally used An Lok book store Makassar, cds Makssar on karbouw 5 cent stamp to Bing Sien bookstore soerabaia.\

August,9th.1948

The very rare earliest used off document , Sumatra Local republic revenue one new rupiah Rp.1.- august,11th.1948, look illustration below

and other date in August 1948 look above

August,10th.1948

The Java repoeblic Indonesia revenue,used on document, misprint the 15 cent, the 5  abnormal.

August 11th.1948

Musso, former PKI leader from the 1920s, arrives in Yogya after spending twelve years in the Soviet Union. Sjarifuddin announces that he has been an underground member of PKI. PKI sponsors strikes and demonstrations.Hatta, with little money to pay troops, begins demobilizing some TNI (army) units.

August,16th.1948

(1)The the youngman had made “Api Unggun”(glory flame)  di RI Building Pegangsaan Timur 56, but the Dutch soldier and Police  shooting and arrest them, Suripto was died(gugur)

(2) Sin Min Newspaper

(A) Pendjualan Opium Republic

Het dagblad of Opium in the Republican Sales

Dutch newspaper “het Dagblad” wrote about the sale of opium ole case of the Republic as follows: “Yesterday we have announced how the republican play around with interest, which is being held by the international community, by the way Republicans have set aside the international regulations for its own sake. As a general already know, it tealh illicit opium trade in a deal that was held preformance second world war, where tealh agreement was signed also by the country belanda.Sebenarnya opium sales conducted on a large scale by the republic, not just limited to areas within the archipelago. toxins that damage the health of the country, tealh entered by the Republic in the market again, while people with joy to see, that the compaction was halted tealh can be controlled. apparently the preformance of the republic is still opinionated bahw atujuan or intent that justify the way the tactic for achieving it. Cra-republic techniques now used to obtain money to finance his representatives abroad is a clear proof that Jogya skali sincerely can not apply as a country are commendable (Dutch propaganda in order to drop the name of the republic of Indonesia in the eyes of the world-calendar notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Day 17 August in Australia

Melbourne, 14 August. Correspondent Daily politicians ‘Melbourne Herald’ wrote: “Most members of the diplomatic corps in Canberra may not be attending the reception day dtang lettuce that will be held by representatives of the Republic of Indonesia which telanh mengakat himself, Mr. Osman Sastroamidjojo. Now maybe the ministry of Foreign Affairs Australia will be forced to notify the ministry’s information whether or not to admit Mr Oesman. Mr. Oesman was not recognized by the government nor have Zustral8ia seta tesmi status, but according to her deputy foreign customs he has send the invitation to a birthday reception with respect to know n the third of the republic of Indonesia. Correspondent was indicating, that Ausrtralia may not be represented by Prime Minister J. Chifley, Evatt, who had no minister, acted as minister of state sementara.Chifley curved never attended such an occasion. According to the correspondent of increasing interest concern is whether the Australian foreign ministry officials not to attend the reception.

(C) Bandung Conference

Jakarta 15 August 1948, according to Aneta: “Unlike the first announcement is that the federal conference in Bandung will be postponed until the month of September setelah chairman and the author returned from the Dutch country. Finally taken a decision to proceed in the jkarta komnperensi on Monday night broadcast addressed pangilang to all state representatives, they were invited to come in Bandung Selas as possible.

(D) Communion For Cochran

Jakarta, 14 August (Aneta). Consul General of the United States and the American delegation in the KDB, on Saturday night held a banquet to honor members of the new United dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, held a reception room Hotel des Indes.Diantara bnayak people, who came to salute the master Cochran, was Lieutenant-General Dr. HJ van Mook chairman of the Dutch delegation, R. Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo, young Laksmana ASPinke, state secretary of economic affairs Mr JE van Hoogstraren. of delegation of the Republic, among others, seem present chairman Mr Mohammad Roem and also foreign minister Haji Agoes Salim.Banyak leading people from the military and civilian masters come to berkenalan with Cochran.

(E) Bureau PTT in the Netherlands Indies

Jkaarta August 11, 1948, shortage of employees in the Bureau PTT is such that the composition of which is now barely sufficient for the daily work of the 1940 PTT terpenting.Dalam diIndonesia effigy has 12,418 employees, consisting of 5785 employees and medium-high, low pengawai 6633 . In permulaaan the 1948 figure to be 7202 (3944 and 3258). Especially the shortage of high officials and mewnengah.
Postal service had not so many losses when compared with the tehnikmeskipun number of post offices and post office assistant no longer used DAPT. postal delivery everywhere is almost normal again. but also in this case was once an employee keurangan kantor.Pengiriman money (poswessel) and delivery is still hampered by epraturan pospaket expenditure of foreign exchange and agricultural products. Bangaiman growing number of the letters turned out, that the preformance of 1947 with the mediation service and curved flight in the country of the Netherlands Indies government service, the semi-official and a private had been transported a number of postal 1,510,281 kg (69 624 kg in 1940) of that total civilian 689,542 kg and 361,800 kg of the military.

 With Jakarta Amsterdam KLM airplane trip, in 1947, has been transported into and through the State dutch postal number 202.4e82 kg (1939 42 820 kg). of that number there are 136,131 military post, especially for dutch country. From dutch country and other countries preformance in 1947 with KLM Amsterdam jakarta transported 331,441 kg while in 1939 55 744 248 119 kg of between this military post. In 1939 many pospaket sent and received on average 112,000 pounds, years ago in 1947 and 105 000 kg in 1948 to the present 185.0000 kg.

PTT in Indonesia in the year before the war gets hit, for example in 1940 the acceptance of 09.29 million dollars with penegluaran 23.8 million, so profits 6100.000 guilders, while the results of the lau-year 1947 loss menunnukkan 4.589 million guilders (20.050.0000 reception and penegluarahn 25,639. 000) although it should be noted also that in general the action after the new politionil billed telephone Subscribed money that unless the postal receipt is always the biggest gains, while both of 1947 new bahgian elevated rates. by not investigating the possibility of small, can be expected that the reception in 1948 will amount to between 40 and 50 million rupiah. purchase price of goods remains in January 1, 1941 amounted to 63.000.0000 guilders, while the January 1, 1948 nearly 55.8 million gulden.Berhub ung with ten-year plan can be said that everything depends on the development of political and economic circumstances of this dinusantara. all that the PTT service can be held here after the war, would not be possible, if there is no assistance from the military, especially on the protection of workers PTT group, so we have to thank the Dutch PTT in the country as a matter of tools.

 indonesian version:

(a) Pendjualan Candu Republik

Het dagblad tentang Penjualan Candu di Republik

Harian belanda “het Dagblad” menulis tentang perkara penjualan candu ole Republik sebagai berikut: “Kemaren kami telah mengumumkan bagaimana republik bermain-main dengan kepentingan, yang sedang diselengarakan oleh dunia Internasional, dengan cara Republik telah menyampingkan peraturan internasional untuk kepentingan diri sendiri. Seperti umum telah ketahui,memperdagangkan candu itu tealh terlarang dalam suatu perjanjian  yang diadakan dalam perang dunia kedua,perjanjian mana tealh ditanda tangani juga oleh negeri belanda.Sebenarnya penjualan candu yang dilakukan secara besar-besaran oleh republik itu , tidak hanya terbatas pada daerah dalam lingkungan Nusantara. racun yang merusak kesehatan negeri itu,tealh dimasukan oleh Republik dalam pasar lagi,pada saat orang dengan gembira sekali melihat,bahwa pemadatan itu telah mulai dapat dikendalikan. rupanya orang dalam republik masih tetap berpendirian  bahw atujuan atau maksud itu membenarkan cara yang dipaki untuk mencapainya. Cra-cara yang sekarang dipakai republik untuk mendapatkan uang guna mengongkosi  para utusannya diluar negeri adalah suatu bukti yang nyata skali bahwa Jogya sunguh-sungguh tidak dapat berlaku sebagai negara yang patut dihargai(propaganda belanda guna menjatuhkan nama republik Indonesia dimata dunia -catatn Dr iwan)

(b) Hari 17 agustus di australia

Melbourn,14 agustus. Koresponden politi harian”Melbourne Herald” menulis: “Sebagian besar anggota korps diplomatik di canbera mungkin tidak akan menghadiri resepsi hari selada yang akan dtang yang akan dilangsungkan oleh wakil Republik Indonesia yang telanh mengakat dirinya sendiri,Mr Osman Sastroamidjojo. Sekarang mungkin kementerian Luar negeri Australia akan terpaksa memberi tahu keterangan apakah kementerian itu mengakui Mr Oesman atau tidak. Mr Oesman tadi tidak diakui oleh pemerintah Zustral8ia seta tidak pula mempunyai status tesmi, kan tetapi sesuai dengan adat kebiasaan wakil negeri asing ia telah mengirmkan undangan untuk suatu resepsi  berkenaan dengan hari ulang tahu n ketiga dari republik Indonesia. Koresponden itu menunjukkkan ,bahwa Ausrtralia mungkin tidak diwakili oleh perdana menteri J.Chifley,yang selama menteri Evatt tidak ada, bertindak sebagai menteri laur negeri sementara.Chifley tidak pernah menghadiri kesempatan seperti itu. Menurut koresponden itu yang sedang menarik perhatian ialah apakah pegawai kementerian luar negeri Australia kan menghadiri resepsi itu.

(c) Konperensi bandung

Jakarta  15 agustus 1948, menurut Aneta :” Berlainan dengan pengumuman dahulu yaitu bahwa konperensi federal di bandung akan diundurkan sampai bulan september  setealh ketua dan penulisnya kembali dari negeri belanda. Akhirnya diambil suatu keputusan untuk melanjutkan komnperensi tersebut di jkarta pada malam senin menyiarkan pangilang yang ditujukan kepada semua wakil negara ,mereka diundang datang di bandung selas-lekasnya.

(d) Perjamuan Untuk Cochran

Jakarta,14 agustus(Aneta). Konsul Jenderal Amerika Serikat dan delegasi amerika dalam KDB,pada hari sabtu malam mengadakan perjamuan untuk menghormati anggota baru Amerika dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, bertempat diruang resepsi Hotel des Indes.Diantara orang bnayak, yang datang menghormat tuan Cochran ,tampak Letnan jendral dr H.J.van Mook ketua delegasi belanda,R.Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo,laksmana muda A.S.Pinke, sekretaris negara urusan ekonomi Mr J.E. van Hoogstraren. dari delegasi Republik antara lain tampak hadir ketua Mr Moh roem dan juga menteri luar negeri Haji Avgoes Salim.Banyak sekali orang terkemuka dari kalangan militer dan sipil datang untuk merkenalan dengan tuan Cochran.

(e) Jawatan PTT di Hindia Belanda

jakarta 11 Agustus 1948, kekurangan pegawai di Jawatan PTT adalah sedemikian rupa hingga susunan  yang sekarang hampir tidak cukup untuk pekerjaan sehari-hari yang terpenting.Dalam tahun 1940 PTT diIndonesia mempunyai 12.418 orangan pegawai, yang terdiri dari 5785 pegawai tinggi dan menengah, 6633 pengawai rendah. Pada permulaaan tahun 1948 angka tersebut jadi 7202(3944 dan 3258) .terutama kekurangan pegawai tinggi dan mewnengah.
Jawatan Pos mengalami tidak begitu banyak kerugian jika dibandingkan dengan bagian tehnikmeskipun sejumlah kantor pos dan kantor pos pembantu tidak dapt dipakai lagi. pengiriman  pos dimana-mana sudah hampir biasa lagi. akan tetapi juga dalam hal ini terasa sekali keurangan pegawai kantor.Pengiriman uang(poswessel) dan pengiriman pospaket masih terhalang oleh epraturan pengeluaran devisa dan hasil bumi. Bangaiman bertambah banyaknya jumlah surat-surat ternyata, bahwa dalam tahun 1947 dengan perantaraan jawatan penerbangan dalam dan laur negeri dari jawatan pemerintah Hindia belanda, setengah resmi dan partikulir telah diangkut sejumlah 1.510.281 kg pos(dalam tahun 1940 69.624 kg) dari jumlah itu  sipil 689.542 kg dan militer 361.800 kg.

 Dengan pesawat terbang KLM Jakarta  Amsterdam pulang pergi, dalam tahun 1947 telah diangkut ke dan melalui Negeri belanda pos sejumlah 202.4e82 kg(tahun 1939 42.820 kg). dari jumlah itu ada 136.131 pos militer terutama untuk negeri belanda. Dari negeri belanda dan negeri lain dalm tahun 1947 dengan KLM Amsterdam jakarta diangkut 331.441 kg sedangkan tahun 1939 55.744 kg dari antara ini 248.119 pos militer. Pada tahun 1939 banyak pospaket dikirm dan yang diterima rata-rata 112.000 kg ,tahun yang lalu 1947 105.000 kg dan tahun 1948 sampai sekarang 185.0000 kg.

PTT di Indonesia pada tahun sebelum perang mendapat untung,misalnya tahun 1940 penerimaaan 29.9 juta rupiah dengan penegluaran 23.8 juta,jadi keuntungan 6.100,000 gulden, hasil sementara tahun yang lau 1947  menunnukkan kerugian 4.589.000 gulden(penerimaaan 20.050.0000 dan penegluarahn 25.639.000) meskipun harus diperhatikan juga bahwa pada umumnya sesudah aksi politionil  baru  ditagih uang langanan tilpon yang kecuali penerimaan pos  selalu merupakan keuntungan terbesar,sedangkan bahgian kedua tahun 1947 baru dinaik tarif. dengan tidak menyelidiki kemungkinan kecil, dapat diharapkan bahwa penerimaaan tahun 1948 akan berjumlah antara 40 dan 50 juta rupiah. harga pembelian barang-barang tetap pad atanggal 1 januari 1941 berjumlah 63.000.0000 gulden,sedangkan 1 januari 1948 hampir 55.800.000 gulden.Berhub ung dengan rencana sepuluh tahun dapat dikatakan bahwa segala sesuatu tergantung pada perkembangan  keadaan politik dan ekonomi dinusantara ini. segala apa yang jawatan PTT disini setelah perang dapat diselenggarakan, tidak akan mungkin, jika tidak ada bantuan dari fihak militer, terutama tentang perlindungan rombongan pekerja PTT ,seterusnya kita harus berterima kasih kepada PTT di negeri belanda karena soal pemberian alat-alat.

August,13th.1948

The postally used cover  with rare airmail label(per luchtpost  AV5  send from soerabia to semarang

August,17th.1948

The three years Indonesian Independence day :

(a)ceremony

the picture in Jogyakarta

(b) postal history

(b1) The 3d anniversary of indepndence issue design young mad withtransportation, 100 sen and 150 sen

(b2) West Sumatra  3rd  year independence  postal sationer with design soldier and tank.

(c) The Youngman Suripto was burried  “dimakamkan”

August,18th.1948

The earliest used new  half Rupiah(new rupiah R 1 = 100 old rupiah f.) local sumatra revenue, used off cover still very rare collections courtecy dr iwan,look illustration below

and the latest used 16 and 17  november 1948,look illustrations above

August,19th.1948

The rare Repoblik Indonesia income tax with handwritten R.2,- added bea, postmark CDS Padang Pandjang 19.8.48(Only one ever seen in the world)August,20th.1948

(1)The NRI gouvernemnt annouced “Ikut Berdukacita”  and honored  to  the Youngman patriot .

(2) Postally used Wilhelmina federal state lettersheet postal stationer send from Ms Cornelis(now jatinegara) to Buitenzorg (now Bogor)

(3) After Presiden soekarno and vive Prsediedent Moh.Hatta back to Yogja, The PDRI  Sjafruddi PrawiraNearaa hasdgave back the NRI Gouvernment ‘s  Mandat to them. and on august,20th.1948, the instruction of Vive Prime menistry for Sumatra at Kutaradja for vice the the central Gouvernment, with the president instruction ,the vice Prime menistry will helped by the Dewan pembantu and Penasehat(advisor) which consist The Gouvernment comisaris(Komisaris Pemerintah) for north sumatra,Central sumatra and south sumatra and Panglima Tentara and Territorial Sumatra.

(4)The Chinese oversees health Organization(MD<Dentist and aphothekeer) letter to their member batavia,with dancer 3 cen and specila Batavia CDS,

Ausgust,21th.1948

the rare offiial cover from pasir pengarayan CDS repoeblik poststamped with Rep Indonesia off, to Pakanbaru.

August,22th.1950

Federal state Indonesia first day cover 50 year wilhemina royal netherland crown.cds at Batavia centrum.

August,23th.1948

910 Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara which pointed as the Vice Prime menistry of sumatra with Religious menistry K.H. Masykur arrived at Kutaraja this day and Vice Priem Menistry of sumatra, Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara dismissed(membubarkan) Daerah Istimewa Aceh and chaged to be the Aceh P{rovince. Military Gouvernour Tgk.M.Daud Beureuh “diberhentikan” from his “jabatan”

(2)the Picture Postcard  Hotel Des Indes  send from batavia to Bali.

August,24th.1948

Rumahsakit Perguruan tinggi diambil Belanda ,dengan demikian habislah gedung yang berbau Republik,seluruhnya sudah diduduki Belanda.

Mustapha Abdullah dan kawan-kawannya 11 orang  ditangkap karena dipersalahkan melempar granat dimuka gedung Bioskop Capitol dan disekitar Molenvliet Jakarta. Penangkapan itu sesudah diadakan pengeledahan sejak terjadi peristiwa peledakan tersebut.

August,25th.1948

(a)The diploma of nursing from Health suddivision of Defense Menistry, issued at Jokja august 23th, 1948, legalizied by health menistry in February,15th 1950 with local Jogja revenue  7 1/2 rupiah green,

(b)Manifes Perhimpunan Mhasiswa Jkarta berhubung dengan pengambilan gedung RSPT dalam usaha penyelengaraan penyususan Perguruan tinggi Nasional menghadapi banyak rintangan :

(a) Pengusiran mahasiswa kedokteran di asrama prapatan 10(oktober 1945)

(b) Pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi kedokteran Jakarta,pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi Hukum dan Kesusasteraan (21 juli 1947) dan pengambilan Gedung Rumah Sakit Perguruan Tinggi(sekarang RSCM )

august,27th.1948

the earliest date ,postally used  3rd anniverasry Indonesia Independence 100 and 150 sen on cover.

August,28th.1948

KTN diminta memperhatikan soal tindakan pengusiran oleh Belanda terhadap pegawai RI di Jakarta.

August,31th.1948

(a)The rare new rupih RP.1.50 republic sumatra local revenue uesed off document august,31th.1948 look below

and upper September 1948 same  new rupiah used revenue.

(b) The ORI (newr Roepiah currency oeang repoeblik indoneisa0overp[int -.50 lima poeloeh sen repoblik Indonesia Reveneu on “surat pengangkatan pegawai Pegadaian Negeri Daerah Djawa Timur di Blitar”

(c)The form of the republic Indonesia paper moner  have change in POstal office model G(because to many false banknote, all banknote must show at pos office, the false with keep and the origianl will chnage with the new repoeblic Indonesia paper money)

at the back the  mint repoeblic Indonnesia pen strip overprint the ned Indie karbouw 1 cent stamp.look the used on documnet ontvang bewij(pospakeet recu) in  january,29th.1947

9.September

PKI gains recruits from PDF; new Politburo includes Aidit, Lukman and Njoto.Republican Government releases Tan Malaka from custody as a counter to PKI influence.

September,6th.1948

2000 police on doty to keep the security(keamanan) during Price Juliana  crowning(penobatan)

September 5

Musso gives speech advocating that Indonesia align itself with the Soviet Union.

September,9th.1948

(1)Dr iwan collections of the first PON(pekan Olah raga nasional-Basional sport weeks) at Solo(surakarta) .

(2) The very rare and only one ever seen the block four  4x f100 local sumtara republic indonesia revenue,used on fragment document, 9.10.1948

September,11th.1948

The jakarta justice court had sentence 15 years to  the Dai Nippon war criminal Ikeda seichi due to get the Java young womens to be prostitute.

September,13th.1948

the IWI (journalist organization) resolution to  Let.General abdul kadir  Widjojoatmodjo(NICA vice commander) to “Mencabut”(off)the regulation to stop the neewspaper circulations.

September 17

Siliwangi division drives PKI out of Surakarta; PKI retreats to Madiun.

September 18

PKI attempts a coup in Madiun; kills pro-government officers there.

FDR -federasi demokrasi rakyat  (People Democratic  Front) joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

In line with the event, came Muso a communist leader who has long been in Moscow, the Soviet Union. He joined the Amir Syarifuddin to oppose the government, he even managed to take over the helm of the PKI. After that, he and his friends increased terror, pitting units and aggravate the personal existence of the TNI leadership Soekarno-Hatta. Peak action is a rebellion against the Communist Party of Indonesia on September 18, 1948 in Madiun, Java Timur.T ujuan rebellion was undermining the state of RI and replace it with a communist state. In this action several officials, military officers, party leaders, scholars and people who are considered enemies murdered in cold blood. This act of cruelty to make people angry and condemn the PKI. Figures of warriors and military forces are currently facing the Netherlands, but the government of Indonesia is able to act quickly. Soedirman commander ordered Colonel Gatot Subroto in Central Java and East Java Colonel Sungkono to run insurgency operation of the PKI. On 30 September 1948, Madison can be occupied again by the TNI and the police. In this operation successful Muso was shot dead while Amir Syarifuddin and other figures were arrested and sentenced to death.

PKI atrocities

In Madiun Affair September 1948, PKI followers among others catch Regent Magetan Sakidi. PKI executioner stretched a ladder cross over a well in Soco. Then the body of the regents was laid on top of that ladder. When supine bound like that, executioners sawed off two Sakidi body, dropped down into the well. Mrs Sakidi who heard her husband was executed in Soco, followed there by holding her two children aged 1 and 3 years. She was desperate to ask to see the corpse of her husband. Hassle serve, PKI massacred all the woman witnessed her two children, then dicemplungkan also into the well. In Starch and Wirosari, anal villagers pierced with bamboo spears and then plugged in the rice field like a scarecrow bird repellent. Meanwhile, a woman stabbed her pussy with bamboo spears and also plugged in the rice field

September 19

PKI figures in Yogya arrested; Sukarno denounces the Madiun coup; Musso replies that he will fight; popular opinion sides with Sukarno.

Sepetember,21th.1948

The Communist separatis issued Money this day at Purwodadai.

 

Sepetember,29th.1948

The registered airmail cover send from bandung to Shanghai  by Royal dutch airlines(KLM)

September 30 Siliwangi division recaptures Madiun. PKI abandons Madiun, pursued by army. Aidit and Lukman leave for China.

The “Madiun incident” was the second time the PKI made an unsuccessful, poorly-planned revolt. The first was against the Dutch in 1926-7; the last was in 1965.The events at Madiun changed the opinion of United States diplomats toward the new Republic. Formerly suspicious, the USA now saw Indonesia as a potential ally against Communism.

10.October

Pro-government Tan Malaka followers create Murba Party. Tan Malaka is arrested again.

October,2 nd.1948

Jakarta citizen census  1.243.048 peoples.

OCTOBER,6th.1948

The postally used letter sheet postal statione wueen wilhelmina added  wilhelma stamps 40 cent send via airmail with the rare label of per luchtpost P 37 AA B10 k/2 frombatavia to Amsterdam(rare collections)

October,7th.1948

The local Republic sumatra revenue, usedoff document, October,7th,1948 and other date in october.look below

also Nopember used look above

October,10th.1948

(a)The very rare combinataion used of sumatra local repoeblic indonesia revenue on fragment document, between the old revenue f.100( now became new RP 1,-) with new ropeiah revenue Rp.1.- and Rp.0.50) ,The best and very rare collection courtecy dr Iwan and only one exist in the world.(the mint unuse many exist,but the use very rare)

(b) The rare postally used Postal stationer dancer 5 cent card(federal state postal card) Type II a with the distance between dancer desing to top 4 mm ,cds makassar to surabaia.

(c) The basketbal team picture at Muntilan 11.10-48

October 11

Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.

October,12th.1948

The postally used cover from Germany to Batavia.

October,18th.until 21th 1948

The Program of  Radio in Fedreal state -Djkarta,bandoeng,Makasssar,Medan,soerabaia,Menado,Padang,palembang,Pontianak,semarang,PCJ.Garoet, the rare historic info of music  collection,like  Indonesian walfare ochestra lead by Tjoe Kim Po Jakarta, “Poetera maloekoe”orchestra  lead by Pattiwael. Java art studio jakarta lead by Ki Sossrohoetomo  ,pesinden Bokmas Soeratmi.  and tembang Tjiandjoer Rengannis lead by MangOndo pesinden Iming at bandung.Orkes sinar Sejati singer  Hoo Eng Djoe and Miss Ijem at Makassar. Orkes Miss Roekiah with kroncong “Lief Java” at Medan.

Orkes keroncong studio surabaya lead by Lie sian hway

also the music picture like R.KOESBINI,VIOLIST MAKASSAR, Rebab,Tionghoa orkes Thung Lok Khiak Sheh Medan,bing crosby,miss ijem makassar,composer tshaikowsky and handel,miss sally host from royal KNIl Jkartat ,

The promotion label inside the brochure like Ketjap Tjap bango,Tenoenan asli Tjap radio Bandoeng.

Federal state postal stianoner card dancer 5 cent,rare type 11 mmm distance of the stamp picture from above,send from Batavia to Soerabaia.

October 31

(a)Musso killed while attempting to escape arrest.

the picture of Musso

(b)Dr van mook farawel party and back to netherland at kemoyoran airport

11.November

November,4th,1948
Maklumat (announvement) Gubernur Militer Atjeh Langkat and tanah Karo TGK Moh.Daud Beureuh, Kutaraja 4 nopember 1948 .

November,7th.1948

(a)The C7 postal identity card issued at Malang

(b)The rare postally used lettersheet stationer Wilhelmina ,send by air mail with rare airmail label .P 37 AA B 10.

November,8th.1948

 The republic Indonesia Income tax, paid via postoffice cds padangpanjang. 

November,10th.1948

The Centenary Railways Exhibition coevr wit CDS Expoxiyion Barcelona send to Soerabnaja java Ned.east Indie,with at vthe back arriveal cds Soeraia 27.10.48.

November,15th.1948

The  Postal stationer card Briefkaart Kartoepos dancer 5 cent send from Mester Cornelis(Jatinegara) to Semarang

November,16th.1948

The very rare used new roepiah revenue of Repoeblic Indonesia Sumatra Rp. 0,50 yellow strip three and four ,off document ,look illustration below.

and the same ravenue used in September 17th.1p48,look illustration  above

November,17th.1948

The Sin Min Newspaer information this day:

(A) No Agreement Reached Deng Anything republic.

Aneta Koresponden in den Haag got word that the party in power in the Hague did not know about something the approval in principle to resume the negotiations, as has been reported by menetri lighting republic, Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan cabinet meeting on yesterday, the trial which results from the minister’s visit to Indonesia negotiated Stikker cook-maska, the Dutch cabinet is now again set his stance. Allegedly, that the Dutch establishment this for several days to be delivered to the republic, but once again stressed that up to now will not be sent again to the Dutch minister of Indonesia to resume negotiations with the republic. Didoega, that contact with Hatta will be conducted by the panasehat., Who is also obeying the most recent negotiations in Kalioerang. Dutch government to prepare and establish his stance again, where according to ZAneta, the Dutch government continue to demand that ceasefire violations was stopped, and where to Hatta will be asked to explain about the important issues that are found by him.

The Picture Of Ducth Menistery  Stikker vist Indonesia with MOh Roem at airport and with Moh Hatta.

(A1) According to the Daily Independent Soeara Indonesia, Indonesian Red Cross in congress Djokja d 12 to 14 November 1948, it has been decided and mengsahkan angaran new basis, also determine the status of PMI as a legal entity and establish a new board. As a chairman appointed Mr. Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, the new chairman of the board eprtimbanngan Agoeng, vice-chairman Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo, the author (secretary) Dr Dapari. Junior will be held in preparation for the red cross. (Red Cross youth-PMR)

(B) Conference Bondowoso

On this night, on 15th November, with the room housed “ball room” in advance aloen aloen diadakjna night pekenalan anatara delegates, invited guests, and the rulers of the entire residency office. Tgl 16 will be held a meeting between the chairman and members of the conference. and the 17th member of the delegation tomorrow diberika opportunity to hold a public eprtemua and in vain to speak to register in dahulu.Para delegation numbered 65 people and raised Recoba 10 people, a total of 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Creation of the Recomba and delivery of leadership temporary chairman of the meeting to the designated Recomba. (b) Establish rules and elections chairman of the Mayor (c) Selection of Chair and alikora (e) Delivery of workers from temporary chairman to chairman of the newly elected (f) Penunmnjukkan Central committee.

Preparation of business conferences in sum Sek8ian State formation Timoer Java. In komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba timoe Java, van der Plaas tealh speech, first daalm Indonesian language support and the dutch language support, which explains the centralization of government at a time when the past can only be dicehag in the presence of a strong state. Interest of 8 million people may well be considered if Java leb8ih Timoer own democratic government has a high degree.

(C) Sjafroedin led the ranks in the South Randoeblatoeng

Office lighting dutch army proclaim as follows: “It turns out that the progress of the Communists to the north causing pimpuina troops entered the republic in retaliation secra massive. Sebgaian of the communist forces led by Amir Sjarifoeddin, Djokosoejono and Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November at Getas, now in sekatan randoeblatoeng. The Koimunis do great evil in the brittle, now Siliwangi Brigade was ordered to immediately eliminate the communist forces. In connection with threatening Bodjonegoro Tjepoe and then a battalion of the brigade had been sent to Tjepoe Siliwangi, but also the northwest section area were also taken action because the republic had received the news that Communist troops were heading to D0oplang the railroad from randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republicans had sent to Koendoeran to occupy the roads between Ngawen and Wirosari. Madien told a news of the People in the area Madioen became agitated, setelag hear bahw apsukan siliwangi will be withdrawn from the region and unity itu.Koordinasi anatara various agencies and organizations can not be repaired again. Dispute anata schools of various parties have very deep rooted. dfengan pemerontakan outbreak again in milir, wilaryin, Doengoes, Walikoekoen and attacks (of all places surrounded Madioen) then there are residents in a state of frantic, demiklian news.

It was reported that the communist forces, which last week had resigned from the east sbelah Madioen and Doengoes to south direction, is now veering to the north Ponorogo, westernized and then to the north, behind the main forces of communist troops. some of these troops had fought with the republic and the army fled to the South. Next is also rumored that the republic troops in the area Lawoe Yawangmanggoe tealh self mengunturkan premises insistence communist forces, from both north and south pegoenoengan it (Dr Iwan has attended military latiahan epndidikan school when compulsory military officers at the acre Tawangmanggoe)

Finally, according to the Dutch army transportation service. rumored that it was fighting with automatic weapons in a place l8ima kilometers along Ngawi, so the relationship along the road from north madioen to be broken(terpoetoes)

original info:

 

(a) Tidak ada Tercapai Persetujuan Apa-apa Deng Repoeblik.

Korespo9nden Aneta di den Haag mendapat kabar bahwa pihak yang berkuasa di den Haag sama sekali tidak mengetahui tentang sesuatu persetujuan dalam prinsip untuk melanjutkan perundingan,seperti yang telah diwartakan oleh menetri penerangan Repoeblik,Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan sidang kabinet pada hari kemarin, dalam sidang mana hasil dari kunjungan menteri Stikker ke Indonesia dirundingkan masak-maska, maka sekarang kabinet Belanda lagi menetapkan pendiriannya. Diduga,bahwa pendirian Belanda ini dalam bebrapa hari akan disampaikan kepada repoeblik, akan tetapi sekali lagi ditegaskan bahwa hingga sekarang tidak akan dikirm lagi menteri Belanda ke Indonesia untuk melanjutkan perundingan dengan Repoeblik. Didoega,bahwa kontak dengan Hatta akan dilakukan oleh para panasehat .,yang juga mengkuti perundingan yang paling akhir di Kalioerang. Pemerintah belanda lagi menyusun dan menetapkan pendiriannya, dimana menurut ZAneta,pemerintah belanda tetap menuntut supaya pelanggaran gencatan senjata dihentikan, dan dimana kepada Hatta akan diminta penjelasan tentang soal-soal yang penting yang ditemukan olehnya.

(a1) Menurut harian Soeara Indonesia Merdeka, pada kongres Palang merah Indonesia d Djokja tanggal 12 sampai 14 November 1948, telah memutuskan dan mengsahkan angaran dasar baru, juga menentukan status PMI sebagai badan hukum dan menetapkan pengurus baru. Sebagai ketua ditunjuk Tuan Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, ketua baru dewan eprtimbanngan Agoeng, wakil ketua Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo,penulis(sekretaris) Dr Dapari . dalam persiapan akan diadakan Junior red cross.(Palang Merah remaja-PMR)

(b)Konperensi Bondowoso

Pada malam ini ,tgl 15 november, dengan bertempat diruangan”kamar Bola” di muka aloen aloen diadakjna malam pekenalan anatara delegasi ,tamu yang diundang dan para pembesar dari seluruh kantor residensi .Tgl 16 akan diadakan pertemua antara ketua dengan dan para anggota konperensi. dan tanggal 17 besok diberika kesempatan anggota delegasi untuk mengadakan eprtemua umum dan pada sia yang angkat bicara supaya mendaftar terlebih dahulu.Para delegasi berjumlah 65 orang dan yang diangkat recoba 10 orang,total 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Pembukaaan oleh RECOMBA dan penyerahan pimpinan rapat kepada ketua sementara yang ditunjuk Recomba.(b)Menetapkan peraturan pemilihan ketua dan Walikota (c) Pemilihan Ketua dan alikora (e)Penyerahan pekerja dari Ketua sementara kepada ketua yang baru dipilih(f) Penunmnjukkan panitia Pusat.

Sek8ian ringkasnya usaha persiapan konperensi pembentukan Negara Djawa Timoer. Pada komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba Jawa timoe, van der Plaas tealh berpidato,mula-mula daalm bahsa indonesia lalu dalam bahsa belanda, yang menerangkan sentralisasi pemerintahan diwaktu yang lalu yang hanya dapat dicehag dengan adanya negara bagian yang kuat. Kepentingan 8 juta penduduk dapat leb8ih baik diperhatikan jika Djawa Timoer mempunyai pemerintahan demokrasi sendiri yang tinggi derajatnya.

(c) Sjafroedin memimpin Barisannya Di Selatan Randoeblatoeng

Dinas penerangan Tentara belanda mengabarkan sebagai berikut :” Ternyata bahwa kemajuan kaum komunis ke utara menyebabkan pimpuina Tentara republik mengadakan tindakan balasan secra besar-besaran. Sebgaian besar pasukan komunis yang dipimpin oleh Amir Sjarifoeddin,djokosoejono dan Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November berada di Getas, kini berada di sekatan randoeblatoeng. Kaum Koimunis melakukan kejahatan besar di getas, kini  Brigade Siliwangi diperintahkan untuk secepatnya memberantas pasukan komunis itu. Berhubung dengan diancamnya Tjepoe dan Bodjonegoro maka satu batalion brigade Siliwangi telah  dikirim ke Tjepoe, tetapi juga dibagian barat laut  daerah tersebut juga diambil tindakan karena pihak repoeblik telah menerima berita bahwa pasukan komunis sedang menuju ke D0oplang di jalan kereta api dari randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republik sudah dikirim ke Koendoeran untuk menduduki jalan antara NGawen dan Wirosari. sebuah berita dari Madien mengatakan Rakyat di daerah Madioen menjadi gelisah,setelag mendengar bahw apsukan siliwangi akan ditarik dari daerah itu.Koordinasi dan persatuan anatara berbagai badan dan organisasi belum dapat diperbaiki kembali. Perselisihan faham anata berbagai pihak sudah berakar sangat dalam. dfengan pecahnya lagi pemerontakan di Milir,Wilangan,Doengoes,Walikoekoen dan Serangan (semua tempat dikeliling Madioen) maka penduduk ada dalam keadaan kalut, demiklian berita itu.

Dikabarkan pula bahwa pasukan komunis,yang minggu lalu sudah mengundurkan diri dari sbelah timur Madioen dan Doengoes ke jurusan selatan, sekarang membelok ke utara Ponorogo ,kebarat dan kemudian keutara, di belakang pasukan induk tentara komunis . sebagian pasukan ini sudah bertempur dengan pasukan repoeblik  dan melarikan diri ke Selatan. Selanjutnya juga dikabarkan, bahwa pasukan Repoeblik didaerah Lawoe  di tawangmanggoe telah mengundurkan diri dengan  desakan  pasukan komunis, baik dari utara maupun selatan pegoenoengan itu (Dr Iwan pernah mengikuti latiahan militer saat epndidikan sekolah perwira wajib Militer di are Tawangmanggoe tersebut)

Akhirnya, menurut dinas perhubungan tentara Belanda. dikabarkan bahwa sudah terjadi pertempuran dengan senjata otomatis disebuah tempat l8ima kilometer di sepanjang Ngawi,sehingga hubungan disepanjang jalan dari madioen ke oetara menjadi terpoetoes. 

November,20th,1948

The Official Justice Departement Indonesia(Dutch federal state) free stamp oficial card send fro batavia centrum to Semarang

 November,25th.1948

the Dutch had finished the Forbidden act to enter Jakarta(Belanda  mencabut larangan  masukkekota Jakarta), especially for Dr J.Leimena the  Indonesia security Delegation leadrer.

November 26

Dutch create state of Jawa Timur in occupied areas of East Java.Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”.

December 1948

The ducth federaal governement central postal (Jawatan PTT Nica) issued Indonesia numeric smelt and overprint Indonesia on wilhemina stamps.

 

December 1

(1)The extreme rare RRRRR,only one ever seen in the world, fragmen strip two republi Indonesia Sumatra local revenue ,used on fragmen ,strip two, old revenue f.1,- this mis used because in this time the rate was two new roepiah revenue(2x RP.1,-), and this revenue  never used before because the devaluation  which made this revenue to low for used,(If the collector who have this revenue in used on document please report, the unsuesd or mint one many found),compare with the real new roepiah RP.1,50 off document collections  below.

look above  the real used new roepiah revenue from november to the latest one in december,10th.1948

(2)the postally used cover send from Pakanbaru to Tembilahan Indragiri with local  republic Indonesia  sumatra stamps and TNI sencored choped.

(3)Amir Sjarifudddin captured

(4)  The Indonesian menistry back to Jakarta from Kaliurang Meeting.

December ,2th.1948

The Dutch language Newspaper”De Locomotief” information:

(A) Jawa Timur Koos Wali Negara; RTAhmad Koesoemonegoro Regent of Banjoewangi. and the illustration of Jawa Timur Regency Banjoewangi Walinegara and time the photo was taken Bondowoso conference.

(B) The terror

238 INCIDENTS IN PAST WEEK. The service contacts the Army reports that the week of 24 to 30 November in Fedraal gecled total of 238 incidents were geregistereerd.Hiervan 60 in the immediate vicinity of the status quo line caused by gangs who operate from Republican territory. Terruer again proved to be mainly directed against the population burgerche hanging on property. Of the total number of incidents related shootings of 100 villages, companies, etc., and robberies by gangs geinfltreerde. also acts of sabotage and arson were reported. Of the 160 terrorist acts were directed against the population there were no fewer than 43 murders in Indonesian Indonesian Federal gebled.

(C) Wali Negara

The presidentile system that requires elected heeldt von mens.de a wali Negara full responsibilities and powers woordelik present today which owns the Wali Negara, make that absolutely clear. We geloren that therefore the Councils of kueze Toemengoeng Koesoemonegoro Achmad, the regent of Banjoewangi. a lucky choice did. This Regebnt, now wal8 Negara is not easy to find him some man.Sommigen angular and as authoritarian.

(D) Large fire in Pekalongan

By hitherto unknown cause in last night at about half past one fire broke out in the center of Pekalongan. namely in kampong Bandjar Sari, who wrapped main thing is unmediated, recently geevacuneerde Chinese. 40 dee As houses.

(E) and Amir Soeripno arrested

Antara reported from Yogyakarta that the communist insurgents leid Amir sjarioeddin Tuesday in hell village mosquito net 20 km north-west of Poerwodadi, was arrested. Antara following information received was to Yogya Sjarifoeddin at that time with smaen Soeripno republikeluse former representative in Prague, also was arrested.

MOESO CREMATED

Antara REPORTS FROM Yogya, that the body MOESO OF THE LEADER OF THE REBELS OF TIMES THE COUPE IN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl Madiun were cremated, as is known, MOESO WAS CLOSE TO 31 OCTOBER ONOROGO TROOPS SLAIN BY REPUBLICAN.

(F) The Fight in the Republic

The Department of Military Contacts reported that under Republican reports the main body of the corimunistsce troops during fighting in the swamps north of Panawangan tenWesten and on the banks of the river on 28 November Loesi vernichtigd would

Great tournament stadium advertising vootbal Semarang

(G) Board conferentuie in Bandung

Monday and Tuesday to fold a board Bandung conference in which all of the residents and regnten Negara Pasundan participated and attended by the Wali Negara Wiranata Koesoema and Prime Minister Adil Poeradiredja. Among others were at the conference dealt with the measures for peace and order to maintain the practisce implementation of the recently passed by Parliament emergency law on the electoral system in the regencies, the position of divine service ambtenareb, the institutions to support needy and also internal affairs, which the department of interior affairs concern.

(H) of Sultan Koetai on grains

The Government’s steamer “Leonora” was Monday afternoon the Sultan of Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit, accompanied by his wife to Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan to the mast of the Leonora blew the Sultans standard time. The party was a grand reception to Balikpapan in part. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen and motorboats were the reason an escort. A great honor guard of members of the general police of Balikpapan was drafted and all, and many houses were blown diesntwoningen flags. The visit of the Sultan of Koetai and his company is also linked to the inauguration of the cemetery to Balikpapan where many remains of war victims herbegraven.De Sultan and his entourage will return on December 3 to Tenggarong.

(I) Company fired

In  Tuesday night at half past one circumferential Wensday , the office of Government to Plimping Poewaran rubber company, located in the Kadjen.In Pekalongganse onedr attacked by a large bende.Gevuurd was a distance of about 50 meters from the west. The shelling lasted about one hour. The fire was answered by four members of the company’s guard and two Europeans residing there. After the gang had been subtracted, was found at the place from which she had fired a klewang, 30 patterns and about 200 shells of Lee Enfield rifles, Sten guns and Mk95 carabines.

(J) Amok in express train

The express train from Semarang to Batavia Monday has a height advantage Boeginees Djatibarang amok. Resolute action by a fellow sergeant and a corporal of traveling KNIL worse could be prevented. Both soldiers were warned by a Chinese passenger and Gigen immediately take the car there. They faced two Chinese passangiers bathed in blood on the floor of the chariot. while third Chinese passenger was struggling with the ampkmaker, a large format jackknife as a weapon hanteerde.De overneesterden the soldiers running amok maker who his Chinese opponent already seriously wounded in the hand. De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar.” Hd=”After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger . The latter proved onvindbaaar. After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger gesard. The latter proved onvindbaaar. At the station, the Tjihaoergeulis amok maker surrendered to the police. Pasangiers got into the wound a bandage sneiltrein preliminary and were Pegandanbaroe by a Red Cross car and taken to the hospital Soebang charged.

(K) The 120-year RNMA

Bandung 30 November (Aneta)-The committee ‘to commemorate the one hundred twentieth anniversary of the KMA received on behalf HMKoningin Juliana the vogende telegram: Her Majesty Queen Juliana has told me the Bandung to celebrate the 120th birthday of the KMA united out M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen” Hd=’cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A <Breda received the festival committee,” a telegram with the following text: “Your congratulations I have a very high value added. I can assure you that the old traditions will be upheld corporal and the KMA again flourishes “The telegram was signed Colonel Puffrius.

(a) Djawa Timoer Koos Wali Negara; R.T.Ahmad Koesoemonegoro Regent van Banjoewangi. en the illustratie van Regent Banjoewangi and Walinegara Djawa Timur  foto werde genomen tijden de conferentie te Bondowoso.

(b)De terreur

238 INCIDENTEN IN AFGELOPEN WEEK . De dienst voor Legeren contacten meldt, dat in de week van 24 tot en met 30 November in Fedraal gecled in totaal 238 incidenten zijn geregistereerd.Hiervan werden 60 in de onmiddelijke nabijheid van de status-quolijn veroorzaakt door benden die vanuit republikeins gebied opereren. Wederom bleek de terruer  zich hoofdzakelijk te richten tegen de burgerche volking op  hangeigendommen. Van het totale aantal incidenten betroffen 100 beschietingen van kampongs,van ondernemingen,enz, alsmede roofpartijen door geinfltreerde benden. ook brandstichtingen en sabotage-daden werden gemeld. Van de 160 terreurdaden die tegen de bevolking waren gericht waren er niet minder dan 43 moordaanslagen op Indonesische Indonesiers op Federaal gebled.

(c)Wali Negara

Het presidentile systeem ,dat men gekozen heeldt eist von een wali negara de volle mens.de verant woordelik heden en de bevoeg heden welke de Wali Negara bezit, maken dat zonder meer duidelijk. We geloren dat men daarom met de kueze van Raden Toemengoeng Achmad Koesoemonegoro, de regent van Banjoewangi. een gelukke keuze heeft gedaan. Deze Regebnt ,thans wal8 negara, is geen gemakkelijk man.Sommigen vinden hem wat hoekig en want autoritair.

(d)Grote brand in Pekalongan

Door tot dusver onbekende oorzaak is in de afgelopen nacht om ongeveer half twee brand uitgebroken in het centrum van pekalongan. en wel in kampong Bandjarsari,die in hoofzaak bewond wordt door onbemiddelde,kortgeleden geevacuneerde Chineze. 40 huizen in dee As.

(e) Amir en Soeripno gearresteerd

Antara meldt uit Djokja dat de leidr van de communistische opstandelingen Amir sjarioeddin Dinsdag in hel dorp KLamboe 20 km ten Noord-Westen van Poerwodadi, gearresteerd werd. Volgen inlichtingen die Antara te Djokja ontving was Sjarifoeddin op dat ogenblik smaen met Soeripno de voormalige republikeluse vertegenwoordiger te Praag,die eveneens gearresteerd werd.

MOESO GECREMEERD

ANTARA MELDT UIT DJOKJA,DAT HET STOFFELIJK OVERSCHOT VAN MOESO,DE LEIDER VAN DE OPSTANDELINGEN TIJDEN DE COUPE VAN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl TE MADIOEN GECREMEERD WERD,ZOALS BEKEND,WERD MOESO OP 31 OCTOBER NABIJ pONOROGO DOOR REPUBLIKEINSE TROEPEN GEDOOD.

(f) De Strijd in de Republiek

De Dienst voor Legercontacten meldt, dat volgens republikeinse berichten de hoofdmacht van de  corimunistsce troepen tijdens gevechten in de moerassen ten Noorden en tenWesten van Panawangan aan de oevers van de rivier Loesi op 28 November vernichtigd zou zijn

reklame Groot vootbal tournooi stadion Semarang

(g) Bestuur conferentuie te bandoeng

Maandag en Dinsdag voud te Bandoeng een bestuur conferentie plaats waaran alle regnten en residenten van de Negara Pasoendan deelnamen en die werd bijgewoond door de Wali negara Wiranata Koesoema en premier Adil Poeradiredja. Onder meer werden op de conferentie behandeld, de maatregelen om orde en rust te handhaven, de practisce uitvoering van de kortgeleden door het parlement aangenomen noodwet betreffende de  kiesregeling in de regentschappen,de positie van gods dienst ambtenareb,de instellingen tot steun aan hulpbehoevenden en voorts interne aangelegenheden,die het departement van binnenlanden zaken aangaan.

(h) Sultan van Koetai op rels

Met de gouvernements stomer “Leonora” is Maandag middag de Sultan van Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit , o.m. vergezeld door zijn gemalin te Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan de mast van de  de Leonora woei ditmaal de Sultans standaard. Het gezelschap viel te Balikpapan een grootse ontvangst ten deel. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen  en motorboten vormden op de rede een escorte. Een grote erewacht van leden der algemene politie van balikpapan stond opgesteld en van alle diesntwoningen en vele huizen woeien vlaggen. Het bezoek van de sultan van Koetai en zijn gezelschap houdt tevens verband met de plechtige opening van het ereveld te balikpapan waarbij een groot aantal stoffelijke overschotten van oorlogs slachtoffers worden herbegraven.De Sultan en zijn gevolg zal op 3 december naar Tenggarong terugkeren.

(i)Onderneming beschoten

In cde nacht van Dinsdag op QWoensdag omtreeks half twee is het kantoor van de gouvernements rubber onderneming Poewaran te Plimping,gelegen te Kadjen.In het Pekalongganse onedr vuur genomen door een grote bende.Gevuurd werd  van een afstand van ongeveer 50 meter uit Westelijke richting. De beschieting duurde ongeveer een uur. het vuur werd beantwoord door 4 leden van de ondernemingswacht en de twee daar verblijf houdende Europeanen. Nadat de bende afgetrokken was, vond  men op de plaats waar vandaan zij gevuurd had, een klewang,30 patronen en ongeveer 200 hulzen van Lee Enfield geweren, Mk95 karabijnen en stenguns.

(j) Amok in de sneltrein

In de sneltrein van Semarang naar batavia heeft Maandag  een Boeginees teer hoogte van Djatibarang amok gemaakt. Door resoluut ingrijpen van een medereizend sergeant en een korporaal van het KNIL kon erger worden voorkomen. De beide militairen werde door een Chinees passagier gewaarschuwd en gigen dadelijk mee daar de betrokken  wagon. Zij troffen daar twee Chinese passangiers badend in het bloed op de vloer van de wagen aan. terwijl een derde Chinese passagier aan het worstelen was met de ampkmaker,die een groot formaat knipmes als wapen hanteerde.De militairen overneesterden de amokmaker,die zijn Chinese tegenstander reeds ernstig aan de hand had verwond. Na enige tijd bedaarde de amokmaker,die verklaarde dat hij werd gesard door een medepassagier>De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar. Aan het station van Tjihaoergeulis werd de amokmaker aan de politie  overgegeven. De wonde pasangiers kregen in sneiltrein voorlopig een noodverband en werden in Pegandanbaroe door een Rode Kruis-auto overgenomen en naar het hospitaal te Soebang gebracht.

(k) De 120 -jarige KMA

Bandoeng 30 November(Aneta)-Het comite’ ter herdenking van het hondertwintig jarig bestaan van de KMA ontving namens H.M.Koningin Juliana het vogende telegram: Hare Majesteit Koningin Juliana heeft mij opgedragen de Bandoeng ter gelegenheid van de 120ste verjaarig van de K.M.A verenigde out-cadeten Haar dank over te brengen voor de gevoelens in Uw telegram tot uiting gebracht.De adjudant van dienst” Van de gouverneur van de K>M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen heb ik op zeer hoge prijs geteld. Ik kan U de verzekering geven,dat de oude corpstradities zullen worden hoog gehouden en de K.M.A. weer tot bloei komt” Het telegram was getekend Kolonel Puffrius.

December,4th.1948

(a)Vice President Moh Hatta announced that the situation worst(suasana buruk) and he “memepringatkan ” the people to ready for antisipation all will hapen(siap menghadapi segala kemungkinan)(b) The Java local definitif stamps,one with clear CDS 4.12,48 city not identified,

December,7t.1948

The rare official Justice court Maninjau  postal used homenade cover from Maninjau to Bukitttinngi December,8th.1948

the postally used postal stationer card dancer 5 cent ,send from bandung  to  cds Malang. 10,12.48.

December,9th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Surakarta  official governement employee certificate.

December,10th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Jogyakarta  official governement employee  uprank certificate(Keputusan kenaikan pangkat)

the same certificate of up the salary  issued at Magelang (keputusan kenaikan Gaji) with  3 x 7 1/2 Rp and 2 x 1/2 Rp.

mint meterai pembagunan from middle java, and local revenue.

December 11

Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.

December,12tyh.1948

The latest used of local repoeblic Djokja issued  ,borobudur stupa revenue used on complete document.alsoother nominal on document date unclear.

and looh above  the mint revenue ,also the other materai pembangunan (development revenue) in mint condition ,issued at the Djokjakarta.

December,13th,1948

The North sumatra Gouvernor, “melantik” the mamember OF  North sumatra ‘s DPR at Tapak tuan (south aceh,near Kabanjahe). Residen Aceh (T.T.Daudsyah) and  Teuku mnahmud also “hadir”, after the meeting had several”keputusan’ like Kutaradja as the capital of North sumatra Province.

December,17 th,.1948

The Dutch ultimatum Republik through The United Nation  Commission(komisi Jasa baik PBB),Republc must answer in december 18th 1948 10.00 am  at Jakarta.

December 18

(1) The Dutch  at 23.30 PM tell the United nation commision that starting at December,19th.1948 10.00 AM Jkarta Time didnot tied with the Renville Agreement. and at 23.45 this day The Dutch have delivered a letter to Indonesia delegation’s secretary  with the same information, and the delegation informed to the Republuic Indonesia gouverfnment at Djokja but cannot communicated because the Dutch had broken the communikasion(pihak belanda telah memutuskan hubungan antara Jakata dan Djokja). In this nigh the member of Indonesian delegatioan were arrested by the Dutch.

(2)Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.and the ceremony  transfered of power will be in february,2th. 1949

(3) In this night 40 RI military leader were moved  by catalina amphibi RI 006  flight to Sumatra, but when came back to Jogya the flight have “sergap”  by the Dutch ,until broke.

December 18

(a)Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.

(b)at  11.30 PM ,Dr Beel  had annouce that the Dutch Federal state didnot related with renville agreement anymore, which meaning thje second agrattion will starting.

(c) the latest used indonesia 3rd independence stamp on  on sencored  chop postcard.

December 19th.1948

(1)On December,19th.1948 in the morning Dutch soldiers boombing Bukittinggi, the Ducth begun attacked repoeblic Indonesia. at afrternoon Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara,Menteri kemamukarn RI whic stayed at bukittingi from the central gouvernment ,with Colonel Hidaya, The comandenemen comandant TNI Sumatra who just take the command from Mayor General Soehardjo Hardjowardojo, vist Mr T.M.Hassan the chief of central Commisariat at his house at BGarai(valley) Sianok Bukittinggi, for meeting aboutmthe movement against the Dutch army, they didnot know the situation of presieenrt and vice president Repoeblic Indonesia.this day no info from Yogja.Mr Sjafruddin Prawira negara told that in order to save the stae NRI, he accepeted to built PDRI(pemerintah daruata republic Indonesa-emergengy gouvernment RI) and at night ,9.00 PM the NRI official will move out Bukittinggi to Halaban (onderneming or Plantation) near Payakumbuh.

(2)Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. look the illustraion of sukarno.hatta and Haji Agus Salim at Maguwo Airport when the dutch took them to custody in Bangka.

the illustratio of Hotel Manumbing at bangka whete Bung Karno,bung Hatta were exile.

Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.

Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

On 19 December 1948\

 at 05:30 am Maguwo airfield was bombed by the Dutch Mitchell bombers (B 25) is immediately followed by a battalion of troops jumping green beret who was assigned to seize the flying field Maguwo. On the morning of this miraculous Dutch terdfiri aircraft from aircraft Spitfire, Mustang, Lockheed and Mitchell seemed hovering above the city of Djokja which soon opened the attack by shooting at and dropping bombs in several places. In the Netherlands Maguwo menerjunlan payungdengan troops seize field goal Maguwo.penduduk menyhangka city does not at all that it was an explosion and gunfire attacks that actually means, they suspect that the heavy temabakan just war, because war forces the GoI has planned a latihanbesar- besara. semaking intensified after his shots and more bombs being dropped, then people realize. after the victim began to fall. They realize vahw abelanda tealh their attacks. Sekalipunkesatuan in Maguwo too small, yet still provided resistance under the leadership of opsit picket Kasmiran, patriotic resistance which lasted bravely than 06 000 hours (AM) until 7:00 to finally air cadet kasmiran with approximately 40 members of his unit killed on the field of service. However the new field at 08.00 hours seluurh Maguwo successfully controlled by the Dutch, they immediately opened the air bridge to lower Semarang Djokja Engineers heavy equipment and transport equipment for eprsiapan seize Djokja. Meanwhile the relationship anatara base Maguwo Djokja disconnected so the situation can not be known at all by the dreamers who are in town n RI Djokja. Dutch movement from the city Djokja Maguwo dimuali sjak morning and at 14:15 (PM) they arrived on the edge of the east and from here they try to occupy the city. Teridir of their movement and group movement setaip memepunyai groups specific tasks to further isolate the town in order to soldiers of the Republic of Indonesia that will try to get out of town can be prevented.

Dutch troops launch on sat afresi colonial, Great Commander General Sudirman was nearly issued a flash command:

QUICK ORDER NO I/PB/48

1.we  has been attacked

2. On 19 December 1948 the Dutch Armed Forces attacked the Yogyakarta city and the airfield Maguwo

3.The  dutch’s  government  had  cancel truce agreement

4.All  Armed Forces carry out the plan that has been set to face the Dutch attack

Issued in place, on 19 December 1948, jam.08.00

Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic Indonesia

Lieutenant General Sudirman.

Thus flash command Zbesar Commander, thus exercise plan on a large war-bvesaran by the TNI on 19 December 1948 can not be implemented because of the impending attack of the Dutch. Who carried out the TNI since today is perintah siasat Panglima Besar namely organizing Universe diembani Guerrilla warfare by the military Pemerinath.

On this day, since morning, Republican Leader of the Government of yanga da fi palace in Yogya gather and sit under Pimpina President Sukarno. sidangs elesai then my head after da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH, prosperity minister, who was in Sumatra, was given powers by President Sukarno to form an emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI) sui Sumatran, the mandate has been delivered through the radio and reads as follows:

MANDATE OF THE PRESIDENT TO Syafruddin Prawiranegara SH

We inform the President of the Republic of Indonesia on Sunday abhwa jqm 19.12.1948 06.00 am dutch seranggannya has begun on the capital of Yogyakarta. If the state Government can not run again kewajibannnya we depute to Mr. Syafruddin Prawiranegara, Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Prosperity for memebentuk Daruart Republican government in Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 desembver 1948

President Vice President Soekarno Hatta.

In addition to the above mandate issued to the Maramis SH, Minister of Finance who was outside Megeri and dr.Sudarmono in New Delhi as follows.

Prof. Dr. Sudarmono, Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

We are the President of the Republic of Indonesia memebrikan that on Sunday 19.12.1948 at 06.00 am on the Dutch had begun its attack on the capital city of Yogyakarta. If efforts Sjafruddin Butler State Emergency SH to form a government in Sumatra unsuccessful, kapada brothers Exulle Gouvernmen empowered to form the Republic of Indonesia in India. please be advised this is in connection with Sjafruddin in sumatra.jika relationship is not possible, please take the necessary action

Yogjakarta 19 december 1948

Vice President Mohammad Hatta, Agus Salim _Menteri Overseas.

Similarly, the President has expressed amanantnya as follows:

TRUSTEES OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

The beloved nation!

On this day December 19, 1948, at 06.00 am the Netherlands have begun with the attack on the city of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. with this action is evident that Belands tealh again start a colonial war to destroy the Government and the Republic of Indonesia so that they can re-colonize the entire country and the nation of Indonesia. We Setealh berusha months with all sincerity to resolve disputes nBelanda premises are suddenly their memebri not know in advance the appropriate use of a weapon that is on them to do their will with no mengindahkanadanya paksaaan by KTN in Yogyakarta, with no presence memperduluikan ceasefire agreement, they eliminated all possibilities to achieved a peace compromise . We believe , that the entire people of Indonesia and those are areas that are Republican or area occupied by the Dutch in unison will be standing behind a bunch of the republic of Indonesia to oppose any effort and in our mind that there are actions that violate this humanity. We know that the deeds of their weapons, the Dutch may be able to seize and occupy some of the important place, but no way they can break the spirit of our fight or shut = Indonesia’s national independence which we tealh insyafkan and maintain over the years.

We have our independence proclaimed on August 17, 1945 and ntealh pervasive in our souls, it is impossible dapatr suppressed with violence. Let my people, we defend the homeland and our independence with the strength of victory will surely believe in us. Isja gods.

Yogyakarta, 19 December 1948

President of the Republic of Indonesia

Sukarno

indonesian version:

Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 jam 05.30 pagi lapangan terbang Maguwo di bom oleh pesawat pembom Mitchell Belanda(B 25) yang segera diikuti dengan penerjunan satu batalion pasukan baret hijau yang ditugaskan untuk merebut lapang terbang Maguwo. Pada pagi hari ini bebrapa pesawat Belanda yang terdfiri dari pesawat Spitfire,Mustang,Lockheed dan Mitchell tampak melayang-layang diatas kota Djokja yang tak lama kemudian membuka serangan dengan menembaki dan menjatuhkan bom dibeberapa tempat. Di maguwo Belanda menerjunlan pasukan payungdengan tujuan merebut lapangan Maguwo.penduduk kota memang tidak menyhangka sama sekali bahwa ledakan serta tembakan itu adalah serangan serangan yang sesunguhnya, mereka menduga bahwa temabakan berat itu hanyalah latihan perang saja, karena pihak angkatan Perang RI telah merencanakan suatu latihanbesar-besara. setlah tembakan semaking menghebat dan bom semakin banyak yang dijatuhkan,barulah rakyat sadar. setelah korban mulai berjatuhan. Barulah mereka sadar vahw abelanda tealh melancarkan serangannya. Sekalipunkesatuan yang ada di maguwo terlalu kecil,namum perlawanan tetap diberikan di bawah pimpinan opsit piket Kasmiran,perlawan yang patriotik berlangsung dengan gagah berani dari jam 06.000 (AM) sampai 07.00 hingga akhirnya kadet udara kasmiran bersama lebih kurang 40 orang anggota kesatuannya gugur dimedan bakti. namum baru pada jam 08.00 seluruh lapangan maguwo berhasil dikuasai oleh Belanda,segera mereka membuka jembatan udara Semarang Djokja untuk menurunkan alat -alat Zeni berat dan alat transport bagi eprsiapan merebut Djokja. Sementara itu hubungan anatara pangkalan Maguwo Djokja terputus sehingga situasi tersebut tidak dapat diketahui sama sekali oleh pemimpi n RI yang berada dikota Djokja. Gerakan belanda dari maguwo ke kota Djokja dimuali sjak pagi hari dan jam 14.15 (PM) mereka baru tiba ditepi timur dan dari sini mereka berusaha menduduki kota. Gerakan mereka teridir dari gerakan kelompok dan setaip kelompok memepunyai tugas tertentu untuk selanjutnya mengisolir kota agar pasukan Republik Indonesia yang akan berusaha keluar kota dapat dicegah.

pada sat tentara belanda melancarkan afresi kolonialnya, segra Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman mengeluarkan perintah kilat :

PERINTAH KILAT NO I/PB/48

1.kita Telah diserang

2. Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 Angkatan Perang belanda menyerang kota Yogyakarta dan Lapangan terbang Maguwo

3.Pemerintah belanda tealh membatalkan persetujuan gencatan senjata

4.Semua Angkatan Perang menjalankan rencana yang telah ditetapkan untuk menghadapi serangan Belanda

Dikeluarkan di Tempat,Tanggal 19 desember 1948,jam.08.00

Panglima Besar Angkatan Perang republik indonesia

Letnan Jenderal Sudirman.

Demikianlah perintah kilat Panglima Zbesar , dengan demikian rencana Latihan perang secara besar-bvesaran oleh TNI pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 tidak dapat dilaksanakan karena adanya serangan pihak belanda. Yang dilaksanakan TNI sejak hari ini adalah perintahsiasat Pamnglima Bsar yakni menyelenggarakan perang Gerilya Semesta yang diembani oleh Pemerinath militer.

Pada hari ini,sejak pagi Pemimpin Pemerintah Republik yanga da di yogya berkumpul fi istana dan bersidang dibawah pimpina presiden sukarno. sesudah sidangs elesai maka kepa da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH,menteri kemakmuran, yang sedang berada di sumatera ,diberi kekuasaan oleh Presiden Sukarno untuk membentuk Pemerintahan darurat Republik Indonesia(PDRI) sui sumatra, mandat tersebut telah disampaikan melalu radio dan berbunyi sebagai berikut :

MANDAT PRESIDEN KEPADA SYAFRUDDIN PRAWIRANEGARA SH

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memberitahukan abhwa pada hari Minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jqm 06.00 pagi belanda telah muali seranggannya atas ibukota Yogyakarta. Jika dalam keadaan Pemerintah tidak dapat menjalankan kewajibannnya lagi kami menguasakan kepada Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara ,Menteri Kemakmuran Republik Indonesia untuk memebentuk pemerintah Republik Daruart di Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 desembver 1948

Presiden Soekarno Wakil Presiden Hatta.

Selain mengeluarkan mandat tersebut diatas kepada Maramis SH,menteri Keuangan yang sedang berada diluar Megeri dan dr.Sudarmono di new Delhi sebagai berikut.

Prof. Dr Sudarmono,Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memebrikan bahwa pada hari minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jam 06.00 pagi Belanda telah mulai serangannya atas Ibu Kota Yogjakarta. Jika ikhtiar Sjafruddin Prawira Negara SH untuk membentuk Pemerintah Darurat di sumatra tidak berhasil, kapada saudara-saudara dikuasakan untuk membentuk Exulle Gouvernmen Republik Indonesia di India. harap maklum hal ini berhubung dengan Sjafruddin di sumatra.jika hubungan tidak mungkin,harap diambil tindakan seperlunya

Yogjakarta 19 desember 1948

Wakil Presiden Moh Hatta _Menteri Luar negeri Agus Salim.

Demikian pula Presiden RI telah menyampaikan amanantnya sebagai berikut:

AMANAT PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

Bangsaku Yang tercinta !!!

Pada hari ini tanggal 19 Desember 1948,pada jam 06.00 pagi Belanda telah mulai dengan serangan atas kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya . dengan tindakan ini nyata bahwa Belands tealh memuali lagi perang kolonialnya untuk menghancurkan Pemerintah dan negara Republik Indonesia agar mereka dapat menjajah kembali seluruh tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia. Setelah kita berbulan-bulan berusaha dengan segala ketulusan hati untuk menyelesaikan pertikaian denga nBelanda secara sekonyong-konyong mereka dengan tidak memebri tahu lebih dahulu mempergunakan alat senjata yang ada pada mereka untuk melakukan kehendak mereka dengan paksaaan dengan tidak mengindahkanadanya KTN di Yogyakarta, dengan tidak memperduluikan adanya perjanjian gencatan senjata, mereka telah meniadakan segala kemungkinan untuk mencapai penyeledsaian secara damaui. Kami eprcaya,bahwa seluruh rakyat Indonesia maupun yang berada didaerah Republik ataupun yang berada didaerah yang diduduki Belanda serentak akan berdiri dibelakang republik Indonesia untuk menentang sengan segala tenaga dan batin yang ada pada kita tindakan yang melanggar    perikemanusiaan ini. Kami mengetahui,bahwa dengan perbuatan senjata mereka, belanda mungkin akan dapat merebut dan menduduki beberapa tempat yang penting, akan tetapi tidak mungkin mereka dapat mematahkan semangat perjuangan kita atau mengurung =kan kemerdekaaan bangsa Indonesia yang tealh kita insyafkan dan pertahankan selama ini.

Kemerdekaan kita yang telah kita Proklamirkan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 dan telah meresap pada jiwa kita,mustahil dapatr ditindas dengan kekerasan. Marilah bangsaku,kita pertahankan tanah air dan kemerdekaan kita dengan segala tenaga yang ada percayalah kemenangan pasti akan pada kita .Isja allah.

Yogyakarta,19 desember 1948

Presiden republik Indonesia

Sukarno

(d) DECEMBER, 19TH.1948

 Master Tapanuli IN THE NETHERLANDS

DUTCH TO AGGRESSION – II

1) The Netherlands carried out the attack to Sibolga both from the Sea, Army and Air Sibolga and eventually fell into the hands of the Dutch Army, with the entry into the Dutch Army Dutch Army menghempang Sibolga for the MAS KADIRAN with MBK Tapanuli Forces based in Padang Sidempuan leading to the Bridge Trunk Toru, The Netherlands Army continued to advance to the Padang Sidempuan but in Batang Toru Bridge in the Dutch Army Forces Prevent by MBK, then there was a very fierce battle, with the assistance of the Dutch Army aircraft may eventually repelling forces MBK Tapanuli to P. Sidempuan.

2) After the Batang Toru grab the next in the Japanese Army bombed the city with two P. Sidempuan Force Aircraft and MAS Chairman MBK Tapanuli KADIRAN on the pull back to Penyabungan and some survive in Kampung Pijor Koling battle in Pijor Koling loss Padang Besar and finally Sidempuan fall into the hands of the Dutch Army.

 ASSAULT regained SIDEMPUAN PADANG CITY

With the fall of the City of P. Sidempuan into the hands of the Dutch Army in Kampung Goti Defense held talks back to seize the city of Padang Sidempuan. So-I MMB Forces SUMATRA Forces Leadership and MBK Iptu Ibn Tapanuli KADIRAN and MAS Chairman Brigade FORCES CAPTAIN ROBINSON-B Leader Battle Hutapea held for 3 days in the City of P. Sidempuan and eventually can reclaim. After the city can seize P. Sidempuan Japanese Army retreated to the Batang Toru, but only 6 hours in control suddenly appear 2 Aircraft fired the city and attack back P. Sidempuan is getting help from Sibolga and ultimately the City P. Sidempuan can Movement controlled by another Dutch soldier in the Netherlands can no longer stand MBK Forces Tapanuli and MBB-I Sumatera and brigade-B Company and the Indonesian Navy continues to retreat from the village of Goti – Pijor Koling – Door to Kampung Padang Huraba and survive in the Village and Village Huraba Huraba called by FORT HURABA

(e)The Rice Coupon(Bon Beras0 Of The South sumatar republic gouvernment issue under orde GSS 19.12.48, the value of coupon 5 kg rice. ,sign by the command Colonel M.simbolon, look the coupon and  profile picture of Colonel M.Simbolon below.

December 20

(1)Army executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.

(2) Warna Warta Middle Java Newspaper info;

(a) Pembesar Republik Yang Ditahan

Pada hari minggu tanggal 19 Desember yang lalau ,waktu Tentara Kerajaan menduduki seluruh kota Djokjakarta, maka beberapa pembesar Republik terkemukapun telah ditahan. Mereka itu ialah Presiden sukarno,Wakil Presiden drs Moh.hatta,menteri Luar negeri Haji agus salim, Komodor  udara Suryadarma,Penasehat Presiden Sutan sjahrir, sekretaris negara Mr. Pringgodigdo dan beberapa anggota KNIP dianataranya ketuanya Mr Asaat. Waktu keesokan harinya telah ditawan ketua delegasi Republuik Mr.Moh.Roem, penasehat delegai Dr Setiabudi dan meneteri Penerangan Moh.Natsir. Dilain bagian ada dimuat gambarnya Prsediden sukarno dan pemebesar lainnya .didepan Keprseidenan Djokjakarta,bersama seorang opsir belanda.

Illustrasi pembesar republik yang telah ditawan di Djokja 19 Desember 1948.

(b) Gerakan Tenatara Di Jawa dapat dikatakan selesai ,kota-kota terpenting diduduki,

Pada hari minggu tanggal 19 Desember yang lalu jam 3 lohor(PM), seluruh kota Djokjakarta telah diduduki Tentara Kerajaan , keesokan harinya menduduki Kaliurang dan lain-lain tempat disekitar Djokja. Gerakan pembersihan yang dilakukan dilain jurusanpun berlangsung lancar. secara singkat disini dapat disebutkan nama tempat yang penting saja diberbagai daerah yang sudah diduduki.

Di Jawa Tengah,selainya Djokja dan kaliurang, Lali,Solo,Klaten,Wonogiri dan Sragen. didaerah Kedu tealh diduduki Parakan,Temanggung,Wonosobo dan magelang. Didaerah pantai mutara pulau jawa telah diduduki Pati,Kudus,Rembnag,Purwodadi,juana,Japara,Cepu,Bojonegoro,Tuban, Babat dan Blora. Dibagain selatan barat dari jawa Tengah ,dapat disebut beberapa tempat Banjarnegara,Kebumen dan Purworejo. dijawa Timur telah diduduki Wlingi,Turen,Dampit,Kepanjen,blitar,Kediri,Magetan,Ngawi,Madiun dan Plossso. Daerah banten telah diduduki setalh berlangsung gerakan tjepat sekali, Serang,djasinga,Pandegelang, rangkasbitung,Baja,Labuan dan Menes.

Di Sumatera beberapa tempat pun berturut-tururt telah dibebaskan , Bagan siapi-api,Asahan,Bukittinggi,Tandjung panjang,Rantau Prapat,Balige,Kota Pinang,Pajakumbuh,Sibolga, sidikalang dan fort van der Capellen(Batusangkar).(catatan Dr iwan : Tarutung belum diduduki)

Umumnya gerakan tentara di jawa sudah selesai, ditempat yang ditilik Tnetara Kerajaan sekarang diambil tindakan buat mengamankan keadaan, supaya daerah itu lekas mengambil bagian dalam usaha pembanguna kemakmuran seluruh Indonesia.

(c)Susuhunan dan Mangkunegara kerjasama dengan Pemerintah federal Indonesia

Paduka yang bijaksana Kangjeng Susuhunan Surakarta dan P.K. Pangeran Mangkunegoro dengan mengadakan kerja sama yang rapat dengan pembesar militer dan sipil dari Pemerintahan Federaal Indonesia Sementara, yang baru-baru ini ditempatkan di Solo, telah memulai kembali mengambil pemerintahan atas Kesunanan dan mangkunegaran. keputusan yang bijaksana itu rtentu akan membantu berlangsungnya pemerintahan yang teratur dengan selekas mungkin.karena ityu, maka pembagian bahan pakaian akan segera dapt dimulai, dan tindakan yang meringankan penderitaan rakyat di Kasunanan dan Mangkuneraran akan diambil juga.

(d)Sabda Sri Baginda Ratu Juliana

 Sri Baginda Ratu Juliana menunaikan sabda Ibu Suri pada tanggal 7 Desember 1942 pada rakyat Indonesia. sri Baginda Ratu Nederland yang sekarang telah mngesahkan anggaran dasar kerajaan belanda yang kini mewujudkan Negara Indonesia Serikat yang merdeka dan berdaulat. Tentara kerajaan datang membawa keamanan dan ketertiban untuk memungkinkan penyelenggaraan Sabda Ibu Suri.

illustrasi mahkota kerajaan belanda sejak 8 September diserahkan kepada Puteri Juliana oleh ibundanya,pada gambar ini seri baginda ratu juliana bersama prins Bernhard.

(e) Illustrasi Rombongan pasukaaan Belanda masuk kota Solo dilihat oleh Rakyat.

(f)Larangan Menyimpan Senjata

Kepada segenap penduduk dipermaklumkan peraturan militer dibawah ini,yang belaku untuk seluruh dadesrah Jawa Tengah: “Menurut peraturan dari Pemimpin Daerah serta Tentara Jawa Tengah,semua orang yang tiada berhak terdapat mempunyai senjata api,mesiu, barang yang mudah meledak, dan barang peledak, ada kemungkinan ditembak mati pada tempatnya,tiada pakai pemeriksaan pengadilan lagi.

JUstinus Kardinal Darmojuwono in 1 78 write what his happen this day(terakhir uskup Agung-kardinal Jakarta)

Fhari minggu pagi sbelum Natal 1948 saya naik sepeda dari tempat kediaman sauya di Ganjuran menuju Bantul untuk menuniakan tugas pengembalaan. Saya agak heran mendengar suara keapal terbang dari arah selatan dan setelah melihat beberapa kapal terbang besar, saya yakin bahwa kapal terbang tersebut bukan milik Republik Indonesia, apalagi sesudah bewberapa waktu terdengar ledakan-ledakan bom yang cukup mendebarkan hai. Sampai di tempat, ternyata orang-orang mula verkumpul.Sebelum dan sesudah upacara gereja saat berbicara mereka menyatakan bahwa sedang diadakan latihan oleh Angkatan Udara dan Angkatan darat Republik Indonesia di Maguwo dan Yogjakarta. Mereka saya biarkan dalam pandangannya, saya sengaja tidak membantah mereka,karena memamng tidak tahu benar,tetapi dalam hati tidak percaya akan kebenaran pendapat mereka. Muali tengah hari, mengalir rombongan demi rombongan pengungsi dari Yogjakarta dengan barang-barangnya ke arah Selatan. Kemana? tempat saudara,kenalan? Kebanyakan tanpa mengertti secara pasti,mau kemana? Ternyata,kota Yogjakarta diduduki oleh tentara Belanda. Suasana mencekam rakyat. Rasa ketakutan,binggung,khawatit, seolah-olah setiap saat akan ada serbuan atau serangan dari pihak musuh. Dalam waktu dua tiga harimsudah terdengar perintah membungi hanguskan 2 pabrik gula dan gedung=gedung bangunan yang dapat fipergunakan pihak tentara Belanda sebagai markas dan sekaligus uang ORI tidak berlaku lagi.

December 22

(1)Nasution declares military government for Java.

92) On December,22th,1948 the PDRI Cabinet were built with the Java Commisariat.

UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.

19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.

Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.

USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.

December 23th.1948

Informasi from Justinus Kardinal Darmojuwono (ex kardinal Jakarta)

December 23th.1948

(a)On December 23, 1948, the Dutch warship fired on defense TNI / AD in Solok Kampung Tanjung Sea Muara Sabak subdistrict jambi . In this battle of teachers from the Army / Army Private Joseph and Private Amat. After the shootings in the Tanjung melakuakn Solok, Dutch troops landed in the village of the sea, while the soldiers landing, one of Sea Village community named santung attacking Dutch troops alone and can hurt one Dutch soldier and santung dibrondong automatic weapons and killed the scene.

 Placement Forces For Guerrilla War

Bataliyon Jambi led by Major A. Marzuki prepare the transfer of command from the base of Coconut Gardens Edinburgh City to Km 15 jalam Tempino, Rubber plantation sites Cottage Table (5 km from the highway)
Bataliyon Merangin led by Lieutenant Colonel Aaron Sohar is located in Muara Tembesi, placing his army consisting of:
In Kuala Tungkal placed a section of the Army by Lt. Commander A. Young Fattah Leside and one Detachment Commander Lieutenant CPM with Syamsul Bakhri Young and his deputy Sergeant Major A. Murad Alwi, in addition there is a unity with the Navy Commander, Sergeant Major. T. Anwar Shah

(b)Information from Justinus Cardinal Darmojuwono (ex cardinal Jakarta)

According to the schedule three days before Christmas, I still have to visit the Catholics in Brosot, Kulon Progo and I was scared too. I came home with 12 kg of rice free ride in the sack pillow, because I know that the hospital and the orphanage where I dwell / lodgings, food supplies running low sekalai. On the way home I saw clouds of smoke that floated to the top of the sugar mills Gisikan, 3 km from Ganjurab, and each followed by a thrilling blast. Home until the sugar factory was situated alongside Ganjuran Ruamh sick (hospital) has not been on earth hanguskan.masih in discussion.

December 24

UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December, 25th.1945

Information from JUstis Cardinal atmoyuwono:

Christmas day is celebrated as usual at midnight, I had never witnessed such celebration on the night ini.Gereja sekhidmat crowded, is not large, sesuana really touching, lighting of the candles are still available and kerosene lamps as far persediaaan permit. Christmas songs, which they had memorized, soar with the roundness of prayer, please safe from harm, which would come, but erratic. In light of the faint-crush coincide, if they unite seoalah BODY, BREATH, AND SOUL TOGETHER FOR SAFETY SAKE PRAY TOGETHER, A dilupakan.JIka memories are not easily remembered again, it’s palpable sense of concern, serene, thanks, oddly has been freed from feeling horrified, just compassion.

December 26th.1948

Justinus Cardinal atmoyuwono information from:

The next day the 26th of december, earth scorching the sugar mills with a fire in a haystack that has been placed on building the factory. really horrible. In general, tile roofed buildings that can not be burned to the ground, only that they call “scale, place of residence of the head of the factory, burned out, because the roof is made of shingle.

December, 27th.1948

Info from Justinus:

The next day halted early in the morning (early morning) while the fire still burning here and there, or at least smoldering, berdatabngan thousands of people, continuous, men, women, young people, children from all directions towards the mill that has been scorching the earth. The target of their sugar warehouse. They broke the door of the barn and took the sugar that is stored there. Some are carrying sacks of sugar carried satyu berdua.kenayakan with other tools, because it was too heavy to carry one bag at a time. who came running, which went with hasty steps. So many days to fill out the warehouse. Local authorities are powerless to set aside part of inventory. (Genesis sma according to a story that Mrs. Dr. Iwan, with an arsenal of the former ex-Japan, earth lift oleg Kongsi People in the back ground, nausea, left muala Gurka, the events of 1945-1946, later banned by tentra gurka ally, one day a folk terdengar4 temabkan who jumped on the fence kalikecil yard shot and fell dead house, look at the picture house in 1948 below)

In such circumstances, an accident would occur, and some even to death because of one sack of sugar falling yangb terjatuh.terus buried without any help. All search purposes pribadi.Sesudah sugar runs out, they began to empty space in the factory buildings: tables, chairs, scales and not ektinggalan doors, windows, boards of the remaining buildings, zinc. day and night the sound of demolition or zinc roofs, roof trusses, all disassembled, transported and finally dismantled so that the marble klantai penulutabn few days after the fire, the sugar mills have shown the ruins of a sad face. People mengalihakan term scorched Earth to earth lift.

After starting at the city of Yogyakarta was occupied and refugee flows, nuns Pimpina Hospitals and orphanage difficulties which are difficult to be solved is about food. ORI money is no longer acceptable by the public as a means of exchange, will dignati guilders mereka.Memang said patient is not much, but increasingly more patients victims of attacks, both from a layer of ordinary people and soldiers

original version:

Menurut jadwal tiga hari sebelum Natal,saya masih harus mengunjungi umat katolik di Brosot,Kulon Progo dan saya ketakutan juga. Saya pulang dengan membonceng beras 12 kg dalam karung bantal, sebab saya tahu bahwa Rumah sakit dan Panti asuhan dimana saya diam/mondok, persediaan makanan menipis sekalai. Pada perjalanan pulang saya saksikan kepulan asap yang mengalun ke atas dari arah pabrik gula Gisikan,3 km dari Ganjurab, dan masing diikuti ledakan yang mendebarkan. Sampai dirumah ternyata pabrik gula Ganjuran yang letaknya berdampingan dengan Ruamh sakit(hospital) belum dibumi hanguskan.masih dalam pembicaraaan.

December 24

UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December,25th.1945

Information from JUstis Kardinal atmoyuwono:

hari raya Natal dirayakan seperti biasa pada tengah malam, belum pernah saya menyaksikan perayaaan sekhidmat seperti pada malam ini.Gereja penuh sesak, memang tidak besar,sesuana mengharukan sungguh,penerangan dari lilin-lilin yang masih tersedia dan lampu minyak tanah sejauh persediaaan mengizinkan. Nyanyian Natal, yang mereka sudah hafal,melambung dengan kebulatan doa, mohon selamat dari bahaya, yang tentu datang,tetapi tidak menentu. Dalam terang samar-samar berhimpit-himpitan,seoalah-olah mereka mempersatukan bADAN,NAPAS, DAN JIWA UNTUK BERSAMA-SAMA BERDOA DEMI KESELAMATAN BERSAMA, Suatu kenangan yang tidak mudah dilupakan.JIka dikenang kembali,rasanya diraba rasa prihatin,syahdu,syukur,anehnya sudah terlepas dari rasa tercekam,tinggal keharuan.

December 26th.1948

informasi dari Justinus Kardinal atmoyuwono:

hari berikutnya tanggal 26 desember,pabrik gula dibumi hanguskan dengan menyulut api pada tumpukan jerami yang sudah ditempatkan di gedung pabrik. mengerikan sungguh. Pada umumnya gedung gedung yang beratapkan genteng tidak dapat terbakar habis, hanya yang mereka namakan “besaran , tempat kediaman pimpinan pabrik,terbakar habis, karena atap dibuat dari sirap.

December ,27th.1948

Info from Justinus:

hari berikutnya muali pagi-pagi buta (early morning) selagi api disana-sini masih menyala, atau sekurang-kurangnya masih membara,berdatabngan ribuan orang, terus menerus,laki-laki,perempuan,muda mudi,anak kecil dari segala jurusan menuju ke pabrik yang sudah dibumi hanguskan. Yang menjadi sasaran mereka gudang gula. Mereka mendobrak pintu gudang dan mengambil gula yang disimpan disitu. Ada yang membawa satyu karung gula dipikul berdua.kenayakan dengan alat-alat lain, sebab terlalu berat untuk membawa satu karung sekaligus. yang datang berlarian, yang pergi dengan langkah tergesa-gesa. Demikian berhari-hari hingga isi gudang habis. Pemerintah setempat tidak berdaya untuk menyisihkan sebagian persediaan. (Kejadian yang sma menurut cerita Ibu Dr Iwan, dengan gudang bekas eks Jepang, dibumi angkat oleg Rakyat di belakang tanah Kongsi, mual-muala dibiarkan Gurka,kejadian tahun 1945-1946, kemudian dilarang oleh tentra gurka sekutu, suatu hari terdengar4 temabkan seorang rakyat yang meloncat di pagar rumah kalikecil tertembak dan jatuh meninggal dihalaman rumah,lihat gambar rumah tersebut tahun 1948 dibawah ini)

Dalam keadaan semacam itu,tentu terjadi suatu kecelakaan,bahkan ada yang sampai meninggal karena tertimpa satu karung gula yangb terjatuh.terus tertimbun tanpa ada pertolongan. Semua mencari keperluan pribadi.Sesudah gula habis,mulai mereka mengosongkan ruang di gedung pabrik: meja,kursi,timbangan dan tidak ektinggalan pintu,jendela,papan dari sisa bangunan,seng. siang malam terdengar suara pembongkaran atap atau seng,kerangka atap, semua dibongkar,diangkut dan akhirnya marmer klantai dibongkar sehingga beberapa hari sesudah penulutabn api, pabrik gula tersebut sudah memperlihatkan wajah reruntuhan yang menyedihkan. Orang mengalihakan istilah Bumi hangus kepada bumi angkat.

Sesudah mulai saat kota Yogya diduduki dan mengalir pengungsi,suster pimpina Rumah sakit dan Panti asuhan mengalami kesulitan yang sukar dipecahkan ialah soal bahan makanan. Uang ORI tidak diterima lagi oleh umum sebagai alat tukar, akan dignati gulden kata mereka.Memang pasien tidak banyak,tetapi makin hari makin tambah pasien korban serangan,baik dari lapisan rakyat biasa maupun dari tentara.

 

December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java.

December 1Amir Sjarifudddin captured.December 11Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.December 18Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.December 18Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.December 19Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.December 20AArmy executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java. Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

soekarno 1948

Sukarno 1948  – Born in 1901 in Surabaya. First President of Indonesia. Architect. Genius. Womanizer

December,19th.1948

Civil government of republic Indonesia , including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka.

Sukarno and Foreign Minister Agus Salim in Dutch custody, 1949.

On 19 December 1948, to take advantage of the Republic’s weak position following the communist rebellion, the Dutch launched Operatie Kraai, a second military invasion designed to crush the Republic once and for all. The invasion was initiated with an airborne assault on Republican capital Yogyakarta. Sukarno ordered the armed forces under Sudirman to launch guerilla campaign in the countryside, while he and other key leaders such as Hatta and Sjahrir allowed themselves to be taken prisoner by the Dutch. To ensure continuity of government, Sukarno sent a telegram to Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, providing him the mandate to lead an Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI), based on the unoccupied hinterlands of West Sumatera, a position he kept until Sukarno was released on June 1949. The Dutch sent Sukarno and other captured Republican leaders to captivity in Prapat, in Dutch-occupied part of North Sumatera and later to the island of Bangka

December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.

December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.

December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

January 1950

  January 23Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.January 29 Soedirman dies.  

February 1950

  February 9Pasundan government dissolves itself.February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.  

March 1950

  March 9Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.March 13Rupiah is devalued by one-half.March 31 Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM).  

April 1950

  April 4Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.April 5Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.April 18RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.April 25 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.  

May 1950

  East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.  

June 1950

  June 4 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).  

July 1950

  Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded. As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

August 1950

  17 August New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

January 1948

  January 17Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.January 21Dutch found “Negara Madura” government on Madura.January 23Sjarifuddin resigns as Prime Minister; the “Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” parties go into opposition.Sukarno appoints Hatta to head an emergency cabinet answerable to President.Dutch organize “Daerah Banjar” government on Kalimantan. Republican forces under Hasan Basry continue fighting from the countryside. The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.The PNI, Masyumi, and Tan Malaka all opposed the Renville agreement.

February 1948

  Sjahrir forms PSI (Partai Sosialis Indonesia), supports Sukarno.”Left Wing” under Amir Sjarifuddin renames itself People’s Democratic Front (Front Demokrasi Rakyat). Sjarifuddin criticizes the Renville agreement.Col. Nasution leads Siliwangi division out of West Java to Central Java. The Dutch blockaded the areas under control of the Republic of Indonesia around this time, causing shortages of food and medicine.
Provisional 50 Rupiah note for “Daerah Banten”, Republik Indonesia, 1948.

March 1948

  March 9 Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution. By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever. His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule.

April 1948

  April 24 Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java.  

May 1948

  Kartosuwirjo proclaims himself Imam of Negara Islam Indonesia, or “Darul Islam”, an Islamic state rebelling against both Dutch and the Republic. His followers begin setting up local administrations in West Java.  

July 1948

  July 8 Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia.  

August 1948

  August 11Musso, former PKI leader from the 1920s, arrives in Yogya after spending twelve years in the Soviet Union. Sjarifuddin announces that he has been an underground member of PKI. PKI sponsors strikes and demonstrations.Hatta, with little money to pay troops, begins demobilizing some TNI (army) units.  

September 1948

  PKI gains recruits from PDF; new Politburo includes Aidit, Lukman and Njoto.Republican Government releases Tan Malaka from custody as a counter to PKI influence.September 5Musso gives speech advocating that Indonesia align itself with the Soviet Union.September 17Siliwangi division drives PKI out of Surakarta; PKI retreats to Madiun.September 18PKI attempts a coup in Madiun; kills pro-government officers there.September 19PKI figures in Yogya arrested; Sukarno denounces the Madiun coup; Musso replies that he will fight; popular opinion sides with Sukarno.September 30 Siliwangi division recaptures Madiun. PKI abandons Madiun, pursued by army. Aidit and Lukman leave for China. The “Madiun incident” was the second time the PKI made an unsuccessful, poorly-planned revolt. The first was against the Dutch in 1926-7; the last was in 1965.The events at Madiun changed the opinion of United States diplomats toward the new Republic. Formerly suspicious, the USA now saw Indonesia as a potential ally against Communism.

October 1948

  Pro-government Tan Malaka followers create Murba Party. Tan Malaka is arrested again.October 11Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.October 31 Musso killed while attempting to escape arrest.  

November 1948

  November 26Dutch create state of Jawa Timur in occupied areas of East Java.Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”.   (Map: December 1948)

December 1948

  December 1Amir Sjarifudddin captured.December 11Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.December 18Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.December 18Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.December 19Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.December 20Army executes Sjarifuddin, withdraws from Yogya.All of Indonesia except for Aceh and parts of Sumatra are under Dutch control. Guerilla warfare heats up; Soedirman leads guerilla war from sickbed.Many American newspapers publish editorials against the Dutch.December 22Nasution declares military government for Java.UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.19 Asian countries boycott Dutch.Dutch-chosen members of East Indonesia state government vote to condemn the “police action”.USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use in Indonesia.December 24UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java. Panglima Besar Soedirman
Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.
Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

January 1949

  January 5Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in SumatraSultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950. There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

February 1949

  February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.  

March 1949

  March 1Guerillas retake Yogya for six hours under Suharto. (Later, this event would be called the “serangan umum” or “public offensive”.)March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy.  

April 1949

  April 6United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.April 16Tan Malaka is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying.April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops.
Sjarifudin Prawiranegara headed the emergency PDRI government while Sukarno, Hatta, and the rest of the regular Republican government were being held by the Dutch. He would be involved in Indonesian politics for many years to come, as part of the rebel PRRI government in 1958, and yet again as a signer of the “Petition of 50″ criticizing the government in 1980.

May 1949

  Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.May 7“Roem-Royem” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.General Spoor, commander of the Dutch in Indonesia, resigns. He dies of a heart attack on May 25.  

June 1949

  June 24Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya.June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.  

July 1949

  July 1Jawa Pos (Djawa Post) newspaper publishes first issue in Surabaya.July 6Republican government returns to Yogya. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.July 13Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.  

August 1949

  Republic troops retake Surakarta.August 7Darul Islam movement formally breaks with the Republic of Indonesia.August 11Ceasefire on Java.August 15Ceasefire on Sumatra.Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.  

November 1949

  November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt. The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.  

December 1949

  December 19Universitas Gadjah Mada founded at Yogya.December 27Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to “Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia).December 28 Sukarno is returned to Jakarta.
The Dutch finally signed their defeat at this table, preserved still in the Kraton Yogyakarta.As part of the transfer of sovereignty, Chinese residents of the new Indonesia were given a choice to accept Indonesian citizenship or maintain Chinese citizenship. The government of China, unlike Indonesia, recognized dual citizenship.Late in 1949, the PKI began a campaign to restore its public image, which had been damaged by the attempted coup in Madiun in 1948. The center of this strategy was to stop criticizing Sukarno and the new Republic and to declare the PKI as supporters of Sukarno.
Sukarno returns to Jakarta, December 1949.
Raising the Indonesian flag at Semarang, 1949.

January 1950

  January 23Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.January 29 Soedirman dies.  

February 1950

  February 9Pasundan government dissolves itself.February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.  

March 1950

  March 9Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.March 13Rupiah is devalued by one-half.March 31 Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM).  

April 1950

  April 4Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.April 5Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.April 18RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.April 25 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.  

May 1950

  East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.  

June 1950

  June 4 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).  

July 1950

  Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded. As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

August 1950

  17 August New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

Indonesia Independence Revolution and War’sPostal And Document History Collections Part III 1947



Sukarno book sarinah 1947,with his comment and sign in 1949.

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

 part III 1947

Based On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

Rare Batavia Centrum Handstamped Postmark in 1947,on postally used small cover with  2 x Nica USAprinting stamp 2 cen(rate 4 cent),

in 1947 , there were several unique type of Nica Batavia post office handstamped CDS postmark,this one sample,other look at the chronolic collections.

Aceh revolution papermoney 1947

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Showecase:

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part III in 1947

In 1947 several local Notrh(east) Sumatra  repoeblic indonesia  issued:

(a) Koela Leidong Membang Moeda Banknote

Koealoeh Leidong, Membang Moeda, 1947-1948

   

Koealoeh Leidong, Membang Moeda, Negara Republik Indonesia, 1947-1948

During the Dutch colonial rule in the Netherlands Indies, Membang Moeda was one of many large rubber plantations, occupying an area of 3.104 ha. It was owned by the Dutch “NV Rubber Cultuur-Mij. Amsterdam” and produced approximately 1.3 million kilo’s of rubber in 1938. Membang Moeda was situated about 50 km south of the city of Kisiran, in the administrative division Asahan, district of Laboehan Batoe, subdistrict Koealoeh Leidong, part of the Sumatra East Coast residency (Sumatera Timor). Membang Moeda was connected to the Deli railroad and had it’s own railway station. The Deli Railroad Company started in 1883 with building a railroad from Laboehan Deli to Belawan. Step by step the railroad was extended throughtout the residency and the last trajectory from Kisiran to Rantauprapat was finished in 1937, connecting Membang Moeda to the network.

(b)Local east Sumatra  Military banknote called Gun(Senapan )Money

(c) Local aceh revoluitionery papermoney 5 rupiah

Megawati was born in January 1947

1.January 1947

January_february electric billing from Djawatan Listrik dan Gas Palembang with dai nippon rev f-.15 without overprint

January,1st.1947

(1)the very rare handwritten overprint 311 Repin-donesia on Dai nippon sumatra definitif stamp 2sen ,pair two cent, Postally used money order fragment cds  tembilahan showa date 21.1.3(Jan,3rd,1947)

(2) The very rare official cover send by courier from walinegeri NRI(repoeblic Indonesia state) at  Kajai village ( near Taloe,Pasaman west sumatra) to  Military Tjamat  at Talamau village.

January,2rd.1947

The promotion label of Keng Po newspaper(now became Kompas newspaper) under the  redactie leader Injo Beng Goat ,starting issued 2 january 1947, this promotianal in Star weekly magazine 29 december 1946.

January ,6th.1947

The rare of complete   Pospakket evidence form(ontvangbewijs) with pen line overprint by repoeblic pos officie Koeningan (west Java) on DEI dancer stamp

January,10th.197

the repoeblik Indonesia National Police Pajakoemboeh(west sumatra) Travelling Pass (rare document)

January 11 1947.

 Waspada newspaper publishes first issue in Medan.

 Jan,13th.47

The Dutch Federaal Government ,NIT Negara Indonesia Timue(East Indonesia State) “Melantik”inagurated  their Cabinet.

Jan.17th.1947

The recieved of Garut Hospital Billing for medical operation Rp.50.- with java repoeblik Indonesia revenue limabelas sen(-,15) unperforated.

Jan.20th.1947

the express postal stationer annyversary  one years Indonesia Independence  day card added java definiti revolutioner stamp 40 seb ,sencered chope telah ditilik send from tjirebon 20.1.47 to Djakarta

Jan.21th.1947

(1)The Java electric billing  with revenue

(2)The only two off cover ,

(a)Typewritten overprint rep:indonesia on  dai nippon definitive sumatra stamp 20 cent.straigth two , cds  Bagansiapi-api showa date  21.1,3 or January,3rd.1947 (Riau) -the owner Ricardo,now in Deng Haag Phillatelic museum.

(b) the same stamps,single stamp on money order fragment,date  not clear ,bagansiapi-api. courtecy Dr iwan suwandy.

Jan.24th.1947

Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any directions.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

Jan,25th.1947

The rare Sunrise book shop Batavia promotional on the back. send from Kelenteng Pekapuran 3 Batavia  to Surabaia.

at Back of cover  :

a) Happy New Year

(b) The spirit of the new year. Begeloralan seantaro (all) world where life is based abru atat: SAN MIN CHU I> Malay Language output () was published) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia” 929, printed dias fine paper, compleet (complete) premises tables, 300 Pagina (page) large, disposable karrtun and National Chinese flag (Chinese Nationalist) and Partij price of 50 guilders.

Sun Yat Sen’s memoirs. AS PATRIOT Dr. Sun Yat Sen meritorious BEEN DOING GREAT WORK LIKE A BANGASA Chinese (CHINESE OVERSEAS) is that it was ERECTING Republic of China. Memoirs premises FULL IMAGE, PRICE 3 guilders. HOSTS NEED TO READ

(a) Selamat tahun Baru

(b) Semangat tahun baru. Begeloralan seantaro(segala) dunia bila dasarkan hidup abru atat :SAN MIN CHU I > Bahasa melayu keluaran ()diterbitkan) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia”929, dicetak dias kertas halus , compleet(lengkap) denga tabel ,300 pagina(halaman) besar ,pakai karrtun dan bendera Tiongkok Nasional(Chinese Nationalist) dan partij harga 50 gulden.

RIWAYATNYA SUN YAT SEN .SEBAGAI PATRIOT dr SUN YAT SEN BERJASA TELAH  LAKUKAN PEKERJAAN BESAR BAGAI BANGASA tIONGHOA (CHINESE OVERSEAS)  IALAH TELAH MENDIRIKAN rEPUBLIK tIONGKOK. RIWAYATNYA LENGKAP DENGA GAMBAR ,HARGA 3 GULDEN.tUAN PERLU BACA.

jan.27th.1947

(a)the letter of Patih Sragen with officail Boepati sragen handsatmped.

(b) The rare Pen line  overprint on DEI Karbouw 1 cent stamps ,postally used on the “Tanda terima Pengiriman Pospakket”(Pospakket evidence  form)

 and the same stamps in unused mint stamps put on the back of Repoeblic Indonesia paper money chnaged form

.at this time due to many fake papermoney ,Repoeblic Indonesia government asking the people to cgange their money at post office, the original will given back  and the fake one  will stamped false(palsoe) and the owner will gave the recieved.

 

Jan.31th.1947

 the author of book “Soesana Politika Semendjak Indonesia Merdeka (Political Situation Since Indonesia Independence), Mr Moetijar, gave his book to west soematra delegation with his hand written in Indonesia;” Tandamata Perdjoangan kepada toean2 oetoesan dari Soematera Barat dari Pengarang” with his handsign Djakarta 31/1-1947, the owner of the book handsigned Dr.A.R.Oesman

( the father of my friend Dr Razes Osman ) Dr Rahim Oesma had done medical autopstion the Padang city Major  Bagindo Aschischan)

2.February 1947

February,1st ,1947

The electric and gas Indramajoe recieved with  Rep.Indonesia small  Fifteen sen. -.15 limabelas sen.

February,3th,47

indonesia journalist organisation iwi protest the PID instructions, they choosed to quit berhenti,

February,4th,1947

e. Rows SPECIAL POLICE TO FIELD AREA

(NETHERLANDS TO AGGRESSION – I)

1). On 4 February 1947 set out rows of Special Police Tapanuli residency led by MAS KADIRAN with 150 members to the FRONT FIELD AREA. Up in P. Mas Siantar Kadiran Sumatra facing the police chief based in KBP Siantar P. R. Solomon and met with Governor of Sumatra TM HASAN in the Front Rows of the Special Police Area Medan placed in Perbaungan and High Cliff, and at the forefront of Tanjung Morawa.

2). February 15, 1947 from Battle Field Area Headquarters held throughout the Defense enemy attacks in the city of Medan, in this general attack the Dutch began to exert all the power of Weapons

3) Weight, Tanks and Aircraft, and managed to break a general attack FIELD AREA of the fighters a lot and finally fell victim FIELD AREA FRONT forces retreated to the rear lines, as well as the ranks of the Residency Tapanuli SPECIAL POLICE survive in Marendal, Tg Morawa and Pakam and eventually returned to Perbaungan.

f. Rows SPECIAL POLICE BACK

TO THE PARENT UNIT in Sibolga

1). Government of Indonesia failed negotiation with the Dutch Government in Linggar teak, then the task sequence SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli to be a Security Police in the line of the status quo in Medan Area, but this task can not be implemented yet for security Tapanuli Command Council and the Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli to pull back to Tapanuli. Based on MAS KADIRAN order will then ordered his men are still at the forefront in the pull back and return to the Chief Constable of East Sumatra in P. Siantar to return to Sibolga.

2) Next in Sibolga MAS KADIRAN reports to the Regional Defense Council Tapanuli and Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli about the tasks during the Medan area, then MAS KADIRAN Konsulidasi ordered troops in this plan make MAS KADIRAN Armored Cars and few long-distance shooter Weapons (cannon).

g. LAYER STEEL MAKING CARS AND cannon

1) To accelerate the plan of Armored Cars MAS KADIRAN ask Some inmates in correctional institution who is an expert in the technique out and join the ranks of the Residency SPECIAL POLICE Tapanuli, in danger of capture of the former Japanese Army armored cars and the Dutch Army and aid in Car Repair Sibolga with hard work finally is completed Armored Cars and Armored Car generate 1 2 2.5 Ton 1.5 Ton Armored Cars and Armored Car 1 1 Ton.

2) Plan to add Next MAS KADIRAN Distance Sniper Weapons (cannon) for this MAS members KADIRAN ordered to sail to the Island Tower Poncane (Mursala) to take the former Japanese army cannon and Dutch troops, arriving on the Island Tower Poncane MAS KADIRAN ordered to examine guns after the select then traces the cannon brought to Sibolga for service.

h shootings DUTCH WAR SHIP

Torpedo IN BAY Sibolga

1) On Friday 28 April 1947 Dutch Warship Type torpedo JTI Anchoring 1.5 Miles from Labuhan Angin at Heading Sibolga information from ALRI in G. Ketapang. The situation became tense in the town of Sibolga Tapanuli Defense Council in Battleship berangkatkan headed to file a protest at the presence of Dutch Warships from the results of negotiations in the Dutch Ship Captain Ship delegation accept it and go back to the Army and Warships headed for Sabang.

February 5th.1947.

(a)Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam student organizatino is founded at Yogya.Sukarno and Hatta threatened  to resign if the Linggajati agreement is not ratified

(b)Between December 1946 and February 1947, the Dutch forces (KNIL) executed nearly 3000 people without trial.

(c) Postally used express postal stationer 1 year Indonesia independence card ,added 40 cent revolution java defintif tamp from Tjerebon cds 5.2.47 to  Djakarta (same cover with january.20th.1947

(d) The Repoeblic Indonesia’s Java Kedoe Residency  order (Koetipan Kepoetoesan Residen Kedoe) 5.2.1047 about the list of kedoe official employee , and hope the employee will : “mencurahkan segala fikiran,tenaga dan jiwa masing-masing  untuk keselamatan Negara Republic Indonesia. sign by resident secretary with  ORI overprint republic revenue -.50 (fifty cent.)

February,1st.1947

the Postally used cover from Padang to Bukittinggi with repoeblic Indonesia sumatra definitive stamps .

Februray,12th.1947

the postally used postcard from Pematangsiantar to Padang.with repoeblic indonesia soematra definitive stamps (rare used card)

feb,19th.1947

the white big repoeblic Indonedia independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent with legalized Madieon CDS without date,send from  Tjaroeban to Modjokerto, added definive repoblik indonesia java stamps 4o cent , with express stamped and sencore choped “TELAH DITILIK” .

Feb.21th.1947

(a)The very rare ,only one ever seen postally used stationer card  Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cent , with overprint sumatra type 13 A and the rarte change with hand written 100 sen , send from CDS Loeboek aloeng  rep.Indonesia 21.2.47 to Padang.

(b) The CTO Padang repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon 31/2 cent karbouw postal stationer  with double overprin Repoeblic Indonesia 15 sen small and F 0,75 (new nominal) postal stationer

.

(c) the same CTO postmark above on  Cover with Sumatra definitive stamps. 2x 5 sen,2×15 sen,40 sen brown and 40 sen red.

(f)The Rare Batavia Postmark on postally used cover(unique home made cover with black and red line)

(g)the rare postally used cover with Dai Nippon Lampong stamps used during Reepoeblik without Republic overprint from Telokbetong to Palembang.

February,22th.1947

The Indonesian Independent anniversary Postal Stationer  card  legalized with postal CDS without date, sent express with add Java definivie republic Indonesia Stamp 40 sen ,from Madioen to modjokerto

Feb.28th.1947

The Repoeblic Indonesia Income tax(Pajak Penghasilan negeri) of Padang Panjang west sumatra.3.March 1947,still used the Dai Nippon sumatra form (T)

MARCH 1947

the picture of Djakarta repoeblik Indonesia post office Pasar baroe(now Filately museum and  PFI club office) chief Mr.Abdulrachman

March,1st,1947

the original letter from Tentara Reublik Indonesia with the official stamped TRI-Republic Indonesia Army  the chief Military police at Pajakoemboeh and with the extreme rare TRI official cover send by courier  (very rare document)

 

March,2rd,1947

(a)the very rare Postally used Dai Nippon karbouw postal sationer added  6 x Sumatra revolution definitif stamp 15 sewn and 2x 5 sen, postally used cover from Painan cds Painan 2.3.47 to Padang.( very difficult to find this common mint stamp used on cover,not many used-Dr Iwan note)

(b)March,2nd.1947

Tanjungjabung Kuala Tungkal Jambi  republic Independence fighting

JAMBI AND FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

A. Entering the waters of the Dutch Navy Kuala Tungkal

In Teak Linggar Agreement signed by the government of Indonesia and the Dutch government on March 2, 1947, the Dutch government expressed its recognition of the sovereignty of the government of Indonesia on the island of Java, Madura and Sumatra.

However, according to reports received, the Dutch navy frequent patrolling in the territorial waters of Kuala Tungkal (Regency Tanjung Jabung) and catch the ships passing in these waters. This means a violation of the Agreement Linggar teak. Therefore, it is in early April 1947 the Young Lieutenant Sub Ardjai of the Military Police Detachment Muara Sabak with Sergeant Major and Inspector of Police Marpi Laisa came Angkata Sea ships operating in the vicinity of Kuala Tungkal, Amsih village  marine waters is an area of ​​RI. Dutch navy on the ship were warned that they had entered the waters of Indonesia and asked to immediately leave the waters. Dutch Navy leaders stated that they were in international waters and directly hold Ardjai Lieutenant Young and his entourage on charges that threaten the security patrol extrimis Dutch navy. The accusation was denied by Lieutenant Young Ardjai by stating that they are the Army Official RI (TRI), as the evidence suggested that they were wearing military uniforms complete with rank and sign of unity Warrant Street. Rebuttal was ignored by the Dutch Navy and Lieutenant Young Ardjai with his friends remained in detention.

some moments later, came the residency Jambi Police Chief Police Commissioner Zainal Abidin with some staff of Police Inspector Adjunct Asmara Siagian, Sutarjo Police Commander, Police Agencies and mahyudi Diah Arifin Maelan Syahbandar Kuala Tungkal and Long Jakfar members of paramilitary troops escorted by a troop commander with heavily armed military led by Lieutenant Young M. Idris Saman Detachment Commander Sub PT Muara Sabak. In these forces helped Young Lieutenant and Lieutenant Young Nungcik Alcaff Jana’ib Ilyas.

To the head of the Dutch Navy who are in the ship,

the Chief of Police KeresidenanJambi protest and memperingatkan Dutch navy having entered the waters of Indonesia and the Dutch navy said the problem was to be discussed later with the head of the Royal Netherlands Army in Palembang. Police Chief Residency Ternnya jambi with his friends brought to Palembang as a prisoner on charges of provoking the Dutch warship.

In Palembang, all the prisoners brought to court and with the help of the Governor of South Sumatera Dr. Young. M. Isa all the captives were eventually in acquittal. At the time of journey from prisoner to the courtroom always get a warm welcome from the people of Palembang in the road moved at a show of hands as sympathetic to their cause.

MARCH,3rd.1947

THE RARE SMALL GREY COLOUR IREPOEBLIC iNDONESIA iNDEPENDENCE ANNIVERSARY POSTAL STATIONER 10 SEND WITH DJKARTA cds WITHOUT DATE LEGALIZED,SEND FROM DJAKARTA CDS 5.3.47 TO INDRAMAJOE WITH SENCORED CHOPPED TELAH DI TILIK IN SQUARED BOX.

March,4th.1947

The registered homemade cover from priaman cds 4.3.47 to kayoetanam cds 8.3.47 with 10 x Dai Nippon Yubin ovpt DEI port 40 cent type 871 violet (rate Rp.4,-) ,with brown black register pariaman label. this DN stamps still used without republic overprint.(the latest used DN stamp at  republican area)

march,5th.47

(a)The postally used card send from Kediri, with 2×1 cent ned.Indie karbouw  and repoblic 15 sen definitif java soerabaya anniversary nopember 1945 stamps.

(b) The Revenue of repoeblik Indonesia -.50 fifty sen used on PTT document”surat pengangkatan pegawai”

(c)the Netherland Indie official institute “menyita Muatan” Isbransten ‘s Ship”Martin Behrmann”

March,6th.1947

the rare money order recu(tanda pengiriman weselpos ) CDS repoeb lik indonesia Padang 6.3.47)

March,7th.1947

the latest used of repoeblic Indonesia Reveneue -,15 (fifteen cent) at  Jakarta.

March,10th,1947

 The Padang Postman Mr Soewil have made CTO Padang rep.Indonesia  cds on overprint Rep:Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definitve stamps at the back of Rep.Indonesia 15 sen overprin dai nippon postal staioner karbouw 31/2 cent.(this one of a mr soewil only collections during repoebli Indonesia Postal history 1945-1948,courtecy dr Iwan,found at his house after many year  apssed away by his wife and son,then bought by Dr Iwan in 1980 for te first payment their new house because the old house must bring back to the owner,all the collection keep on the roof)

March,12th.1947

The earliest date used of Repoeblik Indonesia sumatra Revenue f1,-

March,13th.1947

The extreme rare only one ever exist, the padang psotman Soweil private note the date of found reoblik Indonesia sumatra stamps with circulaire date stamped  CDS Padang rep>indonesia 13.3.47 on complete document, the indepnednce fund tsamps  40 sen brown,15 sen dark blue and 5 sen light blue, with independence fund -blank type 40 sen brown,15 sen dark blu and 5 sen light blue,this  collection sold to dr Iwan in 1982 and still in his collections.

march,15th.47

Mr Supangkat,the secretari of Jakarta City , became the resident of Bogor.

March ,19th,1947

The certificate of redemption of a damaged motor tooling to Mr. Rahman Tanjung Morawa with good tools and the cost pairs (bill not yet paid) by the fighting battalions of the division’s chief financial officer Elephant Tentra Indonesian republic (kept by Mr. Rahman because of unpaid until after 1950 and was found in field 1985-notes Dr. Iwan)
original document:

Surat keterangan penukaran perkakas motor  yang rusak kepada bapak rahman tanjung morawa dengan perkakas yang baik serta ongkos pasang(bon belum dibayar) oleh  pejabat keuangan batalion pertempuran divisi Gajah Tentra repoeblik Indonesia(disimpan oleh bapak Rahman karena belum dibayar sampai sesudah tahun 1950 dan dietmukan di medan tahun 1985-catatan Dr Iwan)

March 25

(a)Netherlands government finally ratifies Linggajati agreement at the General Comision office at Rijswijk(now Istana Merdeka)

(b) In this day ,time 5.40 PM at Genral comision Djakarta   , the Linggarjati Agreement were sign by the member of Republik Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegeation member. Prime menister said:” stiil our heros  vs the Dutch’s son  with their gun and the murdered wapon , the look each other as the”ancaman”(threads)  that must be off(dilenyapkan)  as the enemy  which must be killed(dibunih), To found the loving seed(benih cinta)  one tother,not teh common work(bukan pekerjaan gampang), but must  with”ketelatenan”, patient(kesabaran) from the elader which guidence(menuntun)  the people to the “arah”direction of  pure love (cinta murni) as the part of human right  adn will be the based of Undang Undang Dasar Repoeblik Indonesia.

(c)Surat hitang pinjaman baterry  dan perbaikan kendaraan dari Komando tempur medan area (hutang ini tak pernah dilunaasi,tetap jadi bon,ditemukan Dr iwan di medan tahun 1986)

surat hutang ini ditulis dibelakang formulir surat keterangan Jalan resimen lasjkar Rakjat(PEOPLE LASJKAR ‘S REGIMENT )  “MEDAN AREA” LOOK ILLUSTRATION BELOW

Other unpaid billing from TNI Gajah and Mean Area Command setch belonging from the same “Bengkel Mobil Pak rahman Tanjong morawa,found at medan by Dr Iwan in 1985″

DOKUMEN ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF lAYSKAR RAKYAT KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA:

Conflicts DIKALANGANPEJUANG ARISING NOT AND NOT EXPECTED TO CONTINUE WITHOUT THERE WILL BE THAT REFLECT THE COMPLETION OF INTEGRITY COMMAND AREA AROUND THE FRONT FIELD.

Leaders fight back streets soon realized haryus compromise for the continuation of the struggle which can not be done alone. An irregular command will not be possible to bring victory. In this case the Government and the command of Army of the Republic of Indonesia agrees to form a paramilitary unit Komado komado to unite people in Medan area, menginggat had enough strength that the People’s paramilitary troops surrounded the city medan.Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan paramilitary troops already there are people not yet included one regiment-battalion Battalion Tentra Republic Indonesia (Army Pemerntah). tealh As previously described the cause is competition diklaangan parties including the ranks of struggle is a matter of supplies and perbelanjaaan, ka after the formation of a regular regiment of course bring consequences to perbekalan problem also (Caatan Dr. Iwan, ternyat command field area formed create a letter that was never paid huatng-these facts, see the bill that kept the original owner and later found in Medan, maybe the owner has died and the family does not mngerti historical value the debt bill.)

So for that purpose, all supplies were borne by the board of Defense of East Sumatra, located in High Cliff. Untu memimpoin Kasykar People commando regiment was entrusted to Captain Commando NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan voering hereinafter Medan front dining area is divided into four sectors: Western Sector held by Kaptem ABd.Hamid, East sector held Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani Xelatan Pohan and sector by Ibrahim Yahya (Yahya Aceh) Pasuka special Andalas Pesindo north by Aladdin Sitompul. Another found an empty form of Refinery Army, Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Ginger (in the back letter hutangdevisi Elephant II).

2) Combat Command FIELD AREA Tanjung Morawa

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top perakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days on 8-10 August 1946 to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.
At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar. On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.
Hari “H” is determined date October 27, 1946 at 20:00, the first target Meda east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.
It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to mengehentikannya.
Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line. British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan.Pada dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.
Within 3 weeks of Field Command Area (KMA) held a consolidated, organized plan new attacks against the city of Medan. Its power is about 5 battalions to the division of the appropriate target. Hari “H” is determined February 15, 1947 and at “j” is 06.00. Unfortunately due to communication error of this attack was not done simultaneously, but nevertheless managed to make a general attack Dutch scrambling all night. Lacking heavy weapons, the way the battle is not changed. dawn our troops to retreat to Mariendal. General attack February 15, 1947 This is the last major attack launched by pejoang-pejoang in Medan Area.

Until the eve of the Dutch Military Aggression to I, where RI in Medan Area troops amounted to a riel at 7 battalion and remained in its original position which divides the Front Area of ​​sectors Medan, Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north. And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with kita.Pada troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I, the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors. Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.
Conclusion: The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years. In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up. But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state. (The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

LOGAM affair,

These events were related to feelings of dissatisfaction among the public preformance which is limited to those from northern Tapanuli, with accusations that the Government had tirikan their children, he said all officials are from Aceh, no one from North Tapanuli. To menunnukkan dissatisfaction, they MADE  a demonstration, which nearly caused a shedding of BLOOD .Syyukur situations can be mastered.  SM.Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.tobing .However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing. However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr FLTobing.

The leader of this affair led by Mr Logam, had arrested at Pematang Siantar Jail. nbut one day there was a demostration which consist of Battaks peoples in the front of gubervernour  sumatera Office which guarded by  the official and Police which came from aceh.the demontrations sent their “Utusan” to meet with Gouvenour Sumatra,which located at the second floor, after their tals about what their wanted, as fast as built one small”panitia”  to accepted the demonstration envoy, the small panitia consist Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara (SM Amin),Mr Abdul Abbas(staff Gouvernur Sumatra), and zmr Laut siregar(Staf Gubernur sumatra), the small Panitia meet the Demontran utusan, the demostran asking Mr Logam free from jail arrested.Gubevernour sumatera asking Let.Colonel Bachtiar, the chief of Militer Police Detasme at Pematang siantart whic he arrested Mr Logam, after get the information from Let.Col. Bachtiar, Gouvernour Sumatra release from jail arrested.

MARSUSE Affair

The second challenge faced was from the “Lasjkar Marsuse” pane under the leadership of the East. Lasjkar Marsuse This is a combination of several lasjkar a united and demanded an official recognition by the Government as well as a number of funds each month pernelanjaan Rp.120.000.000, -, a jumalh no small sehingga demand was rejected, consequently Pane East with several bodyguards then came to the young governor sumatra north and try to earn money by persuasion-persuasion. This persuasion did not work either, so get out the threat with the words = words: “WHEN VICE PRESIDENT ARRIVES IN LATER Siantar” (vice president is being awaited his arrival from the United Kingdom) “I will do my get it from him and WHERE NOT SUCCEED, THEN AN OCCUR FLOOD BLOOD “. But what happens is a bloodbath as a result of invasion of the Netherlands towards the republic, invasion, known as “Politioneel Actie”.

ORINGINAL INFO:

(1)PERTENTANGAN YANG TIMBUL DIKALANGAN PEJUANG TIDAK BOLEH DAN TIDAK DIHARAPKAN AKAN BERJALAN TERUS TANPA ADA PENYELESAIAN YANG MENCERMINKAN KEUTUHAN KOMANDO DI SELURUH FRONT MEDAN AREA .

Para pemimpim perjuangan harus segera sadar kembali kejalan kompromi untuk kelanjutan perjuangan yang tidak mungkin dilakukan sendiri-sendiri. Suatu komando yang tidak teratur tidak akan mungkin membawa kemenangan. Dalam hal ini Pemerintah dan komando Tentara Republik Indonesia sependapat untuk membentuk komado guna menyatukan Komado Lasykar Rakyat di Medan area, menginggat sudah cukup banyak kekuatan Lasykar Rakyat yang mengepung kota medan.Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan Lasykar rakyat sudah ada satu resimen belum lagi termasuk Batalion-batalion Tentra Republik Indonesia(Tentara Pemerntah).Sebagaimana yang tealh diuraikan sebelumnya  penyebab adalah persaingan diklaangan partai termasuk barisan perjuangannya adalah masalah perbekalan dan perbelanjaaan, ka setelah terbentuknya suatu resimen yang teratur tentu membawa konsekwensi kepadsa masalah perbekaln juga(Caatan Dr Iwan, ternyat komando medan area yang dibentuk membuat surat huatng yang tidak pernah dibayar-ini fakta,lihat bonnya yang asli disimpan pemilik dan kemudian  ditemukan di Medan,mungkin pemiliknya sudah meninggal dunia dan keluarga tidak mngerti nilai sejarah bon hutang tersebut.)

Maka untuk keperluan tersebut ,seluruh perbekalan ditanggung oleh dewan Pertahanan Sumatera Timur yang berkedudukan di Tebing Tinggi. Untu memimpin komando resimen Kasykar Rakyat ini dipercayakan kepada Kapten NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan Komando voering selajutnya makan front Medan area dibagi dalam empat sector: Sector Barat dipegang oleh Kaptem ABd.Hamid, sector Timur dipegang Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani POhan dan sector Xelatan oleh Yahya Ibrahim(Yahya Aceh) Pasuka istimewa Pesindo Andalas utara oleh Aladin sitompul. Formulir kosong lain yang ditemui dari Kilang Tentara ,Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Jahe(in the back surat hutangdevisi Gajah II) .look the form below.

also found the 5 liter  cylinder .bonds which never paid,

Komando Medan area bonds of  one car batteriy

Another bon from kompani II batalion 1 Dipisi Panah(arrow)  Tanjung Morawa

Bon GPPI tanjomg Morawa  4500 F.

(2)KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA TANJUNG MORAWA

Operasi-operasi militer Inggris semakin intensif dilaksanakan dan kantor gubernur terpaksa dipindahkan ke kantor walikota. Markas Divisi II TKR dipindahkan pula ke Pematang Siantar. Demikian pula Laskar-laskar Pemuda memindahkan markasnya masing-masing ke luar kota Medan untuk mengadakan konsolidasi. Pasukan laskar masih bertempur tanpa adanya kesatuan komando, maupun koordinasi. Lambat laun mereka menyadari kelemahan ini setelah beberapa kali menderita kerugian.
Atas perakasa Dewan Pertahanan Daerah, maka diundang para komandan laskar untuk berunding di Tebing Tinggi selama 2 hari pada tanggal 8-10 Agustus 1946 untuk membahas masalah perjuangan. Akhirnya mereka sepakat membentuk Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area (KRLMA). Konsekuensinya dari pembentukan komando ini, Laskar-laskar dibebaskan dari organisasi induknya masing-masing. Kapten Nip Karim dipilih sebagai Komandan dan Marzuki Lubis sebagai Kepala Staf. Markas Komando berada di Two Rivers. KRLMA terdiri dari 5 batalyon dan 1 kompi istimewa dengan pembagian wilayah dan tanggung jawab pasti.
Atas prakarsa pimpinan Divisi Gajah dan KRIRMA pada 10 Oktober 1941 disetujui untuk mengadakan serangan bersama. Sasaran yang akan direbut di Medan Timur adalah Kampung Sukarame, Sungai Kerah. Di Medan barat ialah Padang Bulan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, sedangkan di Medan selatan adalah kota Matsum yang akan jadi sasarannya. rencana gerakan ditentukan, pasukan akan bergerak sepanjang jalan Medan-Belawan.
Hari “H” ditentukan tgl 27 Oktober 1946 pada jam 20.00, sasaran pertama Meda timur dan Medan selatan. Tepat pada hari “H”, Batalyon A Resimen Laskar rakyat di bawah Bahar bergerak menduduki Pasar Tiga bagian Kampung Sukarame, sedangkan Batalyon B menuju ke kota Matsum dan menduduki Jalan Mahkamah dan Jalan Utama. Di Medan barat Batalyon 2 Resimen lasykar rakyat dan pasukan Ilyas Malik bergerak menduduki jalan Pringgan, kuburan China dan Jalan Binjei.
Patut diketahui, bahwa beberapa waktu yang lalu, pihak Inggris telah menyerahkan sebagian kekuasaannya kepada Belanda. Pada saat sebagian pasukan Inggris bersiap-siap untuk ditarik dan digantikan oleh pasukan Belanda, pasukan kita menyerang mereka. Gerakan-gerakan batalyon-batalyon Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area rupanya tercium oleh pihak Inggris/Belanda. Daerah Medan selatan dihujani dengan tembakan mortir. Pasukan kita membalas tembakan dan berhasil mengehentikannya.
Sementara itu Inggris menyerang seluruh Medan selatan. Pertempuran jarak dekat berkobar di dalam kota. Pada keesokan harinya kota Matsum bagian timur diserang kembali. Pasukan Inggris yang berada di Jalan Ismailiah berhasil dipukul mundur.Sementara pertempuran berlangsung, keluar perintah pada 3 November 1946 gencetan senjata diadakan dalam rangka penarikan pasukan Inggris dan pada gencatan senjata itu dilakukan, digunakan untuk berunding menentukan garis demarkasi. Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada tanggal 15 November 1946.Tiga hari setelah Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, Belanda mulai melanggar gencatan senjata. Di pulau Brayan pada tanggal 21 November, Belanda merampas harta benda penduduk, dan pada hari berikutnya Belanda membuat persoalan lagi dengan menembaki pos-pos pasukan Laskar di Stasiun Mabar, juga Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar membalas. Kolonel Schalten ditembak ketika meliwati di depan pos Lasykar. Belanda membalas dengan serangan besar-besaran di pelosok kota. Angkatan Udara Belanda melakukan pengeboman, sementara itu di front Medan selatan di Jalan Mahkamah kita mendapat tekanan berat, tapi di Sukarame gerakan pasukan Belanda dapat dihentikan.Pada tanggal 1 Desember 1946 pasukan kita mulai menembakkan mortir ke sasaran pangkalan Udara Polonia dan Sungai Mati. Keesokan harinya Belanda menyerang kembali daerah belakang kota. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bata dan Padang Bulan ditembaki dan di bom. Tentu tujuannya adalah memotong bantuan logistik bagi pasukan yang berada di kota. Tapi walaupun demikian, moral pasukan kita makin tinggi berkat kemenangan yang dicapai.
Karena merasa terdesak, Belanda meminta kepada Pimpinan RI agar tembak menembak dihentikan dengan dalih untuk memastikan garis demarkasi yang membatasi wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing. Dengan adanya demarkasi baru, pasukan-pasukan yang berhasil merebut tempat-tempat di dalam kota, terpaksa ditarik mundur.Selagi kita akan mengadakan konsolidasi di Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai dan Tembung, mereka diserang oleh Belanda. Pertempuran berjalan sepanjang malam. Serangan Belanda pada tanggal 30 Desember 1946 ini benar-benar melumpuhkan kekuatan laskar kita. Daerah kedudukan laskar satu demi satu jatuh ke tangan Belanda. Dalam serangan Belanda berhasil menguasai Sungai Sikambing, sehingga dapat menerobos ke segala arah.Perkembangan perjuangan di Medan menarik perhatian Panglima Komandemen Sumatera. Ia menilai bahwa perjuangan yang dilakukan oleh Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area, ialah karena kebijakan sendiri. lihatlah illustrasi  para pejuang dari lasjkar medan area Tanjongmorawa  dibawah ini:
 
 
Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando dilakukan pada tanggal 24 Januari 1947 di Tanjung Morawa. Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area.
Dalam waktu 3 minggu Komando Medan Area (KMA) mengadakan konsolidasi, disusun rencana serangan baru terhadap kota Medan. Kekuatannya sekitar 5 batalyon dengan pembagian sasaran yang tepat. Hari “H” ditentukan 15 Februari 1947 dan jam “j” adalah pukul 06.00. Sayang karena kesalahan komunikasi serangan ini tidak dilakukan secara serentak, tapi walaupun demikian serangan umum ini berhasil membuat Belanda kalang kabut sepanjang malam. Karena tidak memiliki senjata berat, jalannya pertempuran tidak berobah. menjelang subuh pasukan kita mundur ke Mariendal. Serangan umum 15 Februari 1947 ini adalah serangan besar terakhir yang dilancarkan oleh pejoang-pejoang di Medan Area.Sampai menjelang Agresi Militer ke I Belanda, yang mana pasukan RI di Medan Area berjumlah yang riel sebesar 7 batalyon dan tetap pada kedudukan semula yang membagi Front Medan Area atas beberapa sektor, ialah Medan timur, Medan selatan, Medan barat dan Medan utara. Dan begitu pula membagi Medan atas 4 sektor yang sama, dan dengan demikian mereka langsung berhadapan dengan pasukan kita.Pada saat terjadi Agresi Militer Belanda ke I, Belanda melancarkan serangannya terhadap pasukan RI ke semua sektor. Perlawanan terhadap Belanda hampir 1 minggu, dan setelah itu pasukan-pasukan RI mengundurkan diri dari Medan Area.
Kesimpulan:Pertempuran di Medan Area merupakan perlawanan yang paling sengit dan panjang di Sumatera Timur, yang berlangsung hampir 2 tahun. Dalam peristiwa ini ialah motivasi rakyat dan Pemuda Pejuang yang tidak mau dijajah dengan disertai sikap ulet dan pantang menyerah. Tapi walaupun demikian bagaimana pun kuatnya motivasi, tanpa dilandasi kerjasama dan koordinasi yang baik, maka setiap kegiatan dapat mengalami kegagalan. Sejarah telah membuktikan betapa pahitnya keadaan ini. (Penulis adalah pejoang ’45 dan mantan tawanan)

(d) Naskah Lingarjati agreement

March,27th.1947

the extreme rare,only one exist in the world, the Repoblic Indonesia overprint Dai Nippon revenue F 5,-(new roepiah) and old f.75,- for legalized the document”Soerat talak”Islamic Divorce “by the chief of repoblic poostoffice boekittinggi official stamped.and the other rare F 2.50 revenue (not clear document)

              

my sister

After recieved this letter, drop first talak from brother to sister and who hear this will the witness …etc(islamic divorce or talak)

original document in Indonesia

 Adinda

 seterima surat ini maka jatuh talak kakanda kepada adinda  dan siapa yang mendengar itulah yang menjadi saksi  dan seterusnya.(hand written with pencil)

March,29th.1947

The State Contrubutie tax(Ijoeran negara),paid at Padang Panjang post office CDS 20,4.47.

march,30th.1947

The NICA USAprinting postalstationer landscape 3 1/2 cent send from Djakarta  to semarang.

4.April

April,2nd.1947

240 people from America arrived at Tanjong Priok and went to the inner place(meneruskan perjalanan kedaerah pedalaman)

April,5th.1947

The Malang Post magazine no 11 info

(a) cover

(b)Penjara di Zaman Repoeblik

Pada hari sabtu,22 maret 1947 setelah minta izin dari tuan R.P. Bahroedin, pemimpin Pejara Daderah Malang, wartawan kitanbersama fotograaf Malang POst melangkah pintu yang meisahkan ribuan orang hukuman dari dunia luar.Kepala keamanan penjara tuan soentro menyambut kita dengan ramah-tamah. Kesan pertama yang kita dapat dari dalam penjara adalah suasana tenang dan tentram serta merasa seperti masuk dlam satu pusat  pemberi pekerjaaan yang walaupun ada sedikit primitif(sederhana) tapi cukup berguan untuk orang yang dipenjarakan, Kemudian kita melihat rumah sakit yang diatur begitu resik,hingga tidak perlu malu dengan rumah sakit biasa, tetapi persediaan obatnya masih kurang. Seblum seorang hukuman baru dapat dicampurkan dengan orang hubuman lain, mereka dimasukkan dalm blok orang baru atau karantina seperti  pulau Onrust, orang baru ditilik kesehatannya oleh doketr penjara Dr Drajat, apabila kesehatannya tidak membahhayakan barulah orang baru itu dicampurkan dengan orang hukuman lain, dalam ruamh sakit diberikan perawatan baik malah ada yang diberei minum susu sehingga mereka merasa kerasan disnan. Dari rumah sakit kita mnuju ke bermacam pekerjaaaan , seperti tempat memintal,menenum,mengayam tikar,bengkel besi,pembikinan barang dari kulit. Yang tidak bekerja disini,bekerja  cocok tanam. buah-buahan dan sayuran.kita melihat kelas buta huruf ,dimana kebetulan gurunya sedang mengajar sejumlah anak umur 16 tahun kebawah. Orang dewasa juga diajar surat menyurat. Akhirnya kita sampai kedapur, bagan penting karewna masyarakat sudah memasrahkan orang yang berdosa sehingga mereka jangan kekurangan makan dn menderita busung lapar, mereka dihukum perbuatannya dan tidak boleh menghukum jiwanya,  DSelain itu juga kita melihat penjara wanita,mereka juga  dapat bantal empuk dan pakaian perempuan penjara,sarung dan bajukurung biru yang s Semua serba baik,mereka tidak tidur diatas beton tetapi diatas ranjang dan sifat pe njara seperti rumah sekolah. (Perlu dibaca oleh pemimpin penjara masa kini untuk dijadikan contoh)

April,17th-47

Bon pinjaman uang untuk pembelian busi mobil harga F.300 dari Wakil Kepala  Djabatan perhubungan komado Medan are (Markas Pertempoeran Komando Medan Area ) di Tanjungmorawa(rare original leasing bonds )

April 24 th.1947

Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java.

April,28th.1947

The unpaid Bonds of The Battle ‘s command Medan Area Tanjongmorawa

April ,29th.1947

(a)The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Income Tax Paid at Padang Panjang West sumatra Postal office with CDS 29.7.1947

(b) The earliest used of ORI overprint repoblik Indonesia revenue  -.15 lima belas sen (fifteen cent) for buying bond(andeel) Menara Kudus(cigaret factory)

Look the andeel (bonds) of nv oepii below.

May 1947

In early Mei 1947, S.M.Amin was pointed as the Young Guvernour(Gubernur Muda) North Sumatra, by telegram from Vice president Moh,Hatta via Resident Aceh T.Chik Myhamaad Daudsyah.,before he was the chief executive of DPR Aceh , at last Mei he went to Pematang siantar where the capital of Sumatra Province ,in order to meet the Govermur Sumatra Tewuku Mohammads Hassan where he was inagurated , before the capital at Medan but  moving because the Dutch pressuded. Several days working, S.M.Amin must solved the LOGAM (metal) and Marsuse affairs.

original informations:

LOGAM affair,

Peristiwa ini terjadi berkaitan dengan perasaan tidak puas dalm kalangan masyarakat yang terbatas pada mereka yang berasal dari  Tapanuli utara, dengan tuduhan bahwa  Pemerintah meng anak tirikan  mereka, katanya seluruh pejabat berasal dari Aceh,tidak ada yang berasal dari tapanuli utara. Untuk menu nnukkan rasa tidak puas, mereka mengakan suatu demonstrasi , yang hampir menimbulkan suatu pertumpahan darah.Syyukur situasi dapat dikuasai . Namum keadaan tetap dirasa gawat sehingga Pemerintah tetap waspada dan merasa perlu dikeluarkan sebuah Maklumat  Peringatan yang ditujukan kepada rakyat  agar kejadian perpecahan agar tidak terjad9i,maklumat ini ditanda tangani oleh Gubernur Muda S>M>Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing.

MARSUSE AFFAIR

Tantangan kedua yang dihadapi adalah dari pihak “Lasjkar Marsuse” dibawah pimpinan Timur pane. Lasjkar Marsuse ini adalah gabungan beberapa lasjkar yang bersatu dan menuntut suatu pengakuan resmi oleh Pemerintah serta  dana pernelanjaan setiap bulan sejumlah Rp.120.000.000,-,suatu jumalh yang tidak sedikit seh8ingga tuntutan itu ditolak, akibatnya Timur Pane dengan beberapa pengawalnya kemudian mendatangi gubernur muda sumatra  utara dan berusaha memperoleh uang tersebut dengan bujukan-bujukan. Bujukan ini juga tidak berhasil ,sehingga keluar ancaman dengan kata=kata:”BILAMANA WAKIL PRESIDEN NANTI TIBA DI PEMATANG SIANTAR” (wakil presiden memang  sedang ditunggu kedatangannya dari Bukittinggi)”AKAN SAYA USAHAKAN MEMPEROLEHNYA DARI BELIAU DAN BILAMANA TIDAK BERHASIL,MAKA AN TERJADI BANJIR DARAH”. Tetapi yang terjadi adalah banjir darah sebagai akibat serbuan belanda kearah daerah republik, serbuan yang dikenal dengan sebutan “Politioneel Actie”.

In May 1947, a ship named KM Trade. Bali arrested by the Dutch in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and Sea village to jambi. In addition to commodities such as rice, on the ship there is also a passenger:

1. Captain M. Thaib RH (Company Commander Kuala Tungkal)

2. Sergeant Major Cedet / Kadir Naning (Adjutant) and several bodyguards

3. National Outcome Inspector Helper. Asmara Siagian II (police officer)

4. Teacher David (Head of Religious Bureau Kuala Tungkal)

5. H. Abdullah Aziz (Kuala Tungkal Religious Judge)

6. H. Mohd. Thaib (Office of Civil Religion Kuala Tungkal)

7. Gumri Abdullah (religious teacher) and several other civilians.

KM. Bali with all its passengers were taken to Tanjung Pinang (Riau), while the rice in the waste into the sea.

Captain M. Thaib RH and Letda R. Umar and his men captured in Tanjung Pinang, other civilian passengers were freed. Captain M. Thaib RH and his men were released after the handover of sovereignty of Indonesia.

May,5t,1947

President Soekarno order as the higest Command Indonesian Army, in as fast Indonesian amred forces (TRI-tentara repoeblik Indonesia)  and the Lasjkar joined in in one organization TNI(tentara Nasional Indonesia _ Indonesia National Army)

May,6th,1947

(a)The rare emergency overprint  prangko on dai Nippon revenue at palembang, postally used cover send fro Palembang  cds 6.5.47

(b) The original letter of badan pemeriksaan Military Police Division Banteng I Sumatera

May,8th.1947

THe overprint repoeblik Indonesia -from java on Ned Indie karbouw 2 cent stamp(5x) postally used from Tjiawi to Djkarta.

May,9th.1947

The very rare used Palembang emergency overprint Repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon revenue  stamps used on cover from Palembang(black and white illustration,recoloured)

May,10th.1947

The Document of repoeblic Indonesia soerakarta  Justice Court ,about the  “Ahliwaris”

MAY,10th,1947

 On May 10, 1947 Battleship Dutch then looked at the tip of the island Poncan Tower and soon anchorage, 1.5 Miles from the Port of Sibolga, with berlabuhnya Dutch war ships, Sibolga standby entire force deployed to keep things that are not desirable , Unity Tapanuli security delivered protest filed by the Company Commander of Navy Oswald Siahaan to Warship Netherlands, but incidents of the negotiators Oswald Siahaan with Dutch ship shootout.

3) With the incident then the chairman of the Defense Council Tapanuli Dutch Warships ordered to immediately leave the port if no action will be taken. The whole combat ready troops firing when the Dutch ship did not go, because the Dutch did not leave the Ship Defense Council ordered to shoot a Dutch ship, resulting in the crossfire between the forces of Indonesia by the Dutch Warship for 6 hours, Dutch Warship finally shoot blindly Ship The Dutch left the Gulf War Sibolga

4) With the blind blindly Dutch war ship then fired Sibolga MAS KADIRAN mepercepat ordered and mobilized for the completion of the manufacture of cannon, unfortunately while testing the cannon, one of the members of Barisan SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli named “LUNCIUS Simanjuntak” dead less than a month the death Luncius Simanjuntak cannon shooter Distance MAS KADIRAN completed with the name calling Meriam Meriam “LUNCIUS” in order to commemorate the name of one of the members who died while testing the cannon. Finally, experts in these techniques can resolve the 3 pieces of cannon, a cannon shooter distance size of 8 inches, one anti-aircraft cannon and a cannon Anti Tank Cal. 3.8 inch.

i. SPECIAL POLICE FORCES row Tapanuli INTO CAR Brigade residency residency Tapanuli

(MBK Tapanuli)

1) In accordance with the provisions of the Branch Bureau of Police for the Sumatra and Tapanuli Command Chief Residency at the melting renamed “POLICE CAR residency Tapanuli Brigade” Brigade POLICE CAR’s name is based on the letter of Command Chief of Police No. Young. : 126 / 78 / 91 November 14, 1946. concerning the establishment of Mobile Brigade in each of the residency of the formation of the Brigade Police Cars are meant to uniform name, rank structure, the task of working procedures of the police forces that are at the Residency in Indonesia where the name of a wide Variety of Police, there PATRIOT POLICE, POLICE EXEMPLARY, SPECIAL POLICE Barisan , POLICE FAST MOTION. etc.

2) The main purpose of the establishment of Mobile Brigade is composed Forces – the small army as the core of a strong police firepower with high mobility, in each residency in the form of Mobile Brigade residency (MBK) and led by a TK-POLICE INSPECTOR I / II as for the strength of 100 people or more, with space covering the entire residency, Administration, Organization and under the leadership Tactical Police Chief Residency.

3). In addition to the residency of Mobile Brigade (MBK), the Center / Bureau held Reservists are called Mobile Brigade LARGE (MBB), led by the Bureau MBB A POLICE COMMISSIONER receiving command and directly responsible to the Head of State Police. Reservists / MBB-strength 100 s / d 600 Armament Members who complete it.

May 11 th.1947.


Sultan Hamid II of Pontianak governed the “Daerah Istimewa Kalimantan Barat” in cooperation with the Dutch (corresponding to today’s Kalimantan Barat province). He was arrested in 1950 for involvement in a plot against the Indonesian government.

Dutch create state of West Kalimantan with Sultan of Pontianak at head; Sjahrir protests


Dutch vehicle in flames after a guerilla ambush at Puncak, April 1947

May,11th,1947

Radio Station at delangoe picture during “diresmikan” President soekarno

May ,15th.1947

Used local soematra repoblik Indonesia bea meterai (revenue) f.15,- type WSR 2.(rare nominal)(if the speciaolist collector want to know the different of type WSR 1 and WSR 2 ,please subscribed as the block premium member-Dr Iwan Not, different design of repoeblik Indonesia bea meterai)

May,18th.1947

the rare Palembang republic overprint PTT NRI on Dai Nippon stamp used on complete document

May,22th.1947

The official letter from Bandung ,cds Bandoeng BKT 1 22.3.47 to  Batavia centrum. arrived CDS  Batavia C 10.at the back of cover.

May,23th.1947

The used local Sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f 1,-(small f) in may,23th 1947, theearliest  12/3.47. two different colour,type WSR 2.

May,24th,1947

The recieved of building cionstruction from palembang with  Overprint Palembang PTT NRI in round ball Dai Nippon revenue

May,29th.1947

The latest used of Local  sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue f.150  in May.29th,1947, the earliest Sepetember,16th.1946,type WSR 1

May,30th.1947

The tranportation(pengankutan)  of  last  350  APWI_allied Prisoner  War Indonesia (rombongan tahanan perang) from Republic area arrived at Jakarta.

6.June

The picture of Genral sudirman,and othe TNI leader , during “dilantik”inaugurated  by Presiden sukarno at president nRI  Palace Jogya.

(a)In June 1947, Lieutenant Young A. Page Yatub and Sergeant Tambunan arrested by the Dutch Navy in the waters between Kuala Tungkal Sea and the village, they served to bring fighters from Kuala Tungkal incorporated in Lasyakar commander to be sent to the Front Estuary Rupit / Lubuk Linggau.

Dutch complain that Indonesia is stopping shipments of rice to Dutch-controlled areas.Egypt and Syria recognize the Republic of Indonesia.

Menistery Moh.Roem, Mr Amir Sjarifuddin,Hemangku Buwono and Mr A.Madjid arrive at Jakarta due to Prime Menistry St Sjahrir invitation because the situation became worst(suasana semakin Genting)

June ,3th.`1947

(a)Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (Indonesian Army) is renamed Tentara Nasional Indonesia or TNI.as the unity of TRI and Lajkar Rakyat  Indonesia.

(b) The used local sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue  f.25,-, earliest date June,3th.1947, and the latest November.13th.1947( the revenue became up in june from  f 15,-)

June,5th.1947

The rare document of Aceh Railway (Kereta Api) office

June,9th.1947

The Unpaid bond Billing  of Komando tempur Medan Area Tanjoengmorawa (east sumatra)

June,16th.1947

the rare document of the chief of Loerah amapaloe west sumatra repoeblic village(Waminegeri pemerintah repoeblik Indonesia) official stamped . the document about “harta Poesaka”

June,17th,1947

the rare Medeka newspaper card send  express mail from Djakrta to jogyakarta,with 2x 15 sen and 1×40 sen java repoeblic Indonesia definitive stamps.

June ,18th.1947

The very rare postally used emergency stamps overprint prangko on dai nippon revenue  f0,50 and f 2,- cds Palembang 18.6.47 to Painan west sumatra.

and the complete series of the stamp above in mint (unused) condition.

june,22th.1947

The Ned Indie Briefkaart kartoepos karbouw 3 1/2 cent send from  Gouw Ho machine fabric Pejagalan 2 CDS Batavia 26.6.47 first type to Semarang

The Poster of Bale Poestaka Batvia Centrum the Lampoeng Book by K.R.A.A. Probonegoro.(rare Nica poster)

(c)the rare bookstore cover with Dr sunyatsen san min chu I book promotion

June 26

(a)Dutch forces mobilize for an invasion of Madura, and eventually Java. William Foote, a USA diplomat, intervenes and offers to mediate between Dutch and Indonesians. The invasion is postponed.

(b) The rare Komando Tempoer Medan area Billing Bond which never pain,sign at Kabanjahe 26.7.1947.

June 27

(a)president’s announcement No.6 YEAR 1947

Berhubung with the urgency of the situation at the present time, the President of the Indonesian republic, on 06/27/1947, government  completely took power for a while,

Yogyakarta, 03:30 hours

dated 26.7.1947

President of the Indonesian republic

Soekarno

at the same time, General Spoor, the DEI chief command, issuing orders dag (Day Order):

1, Day of week begins with the transfer 26/06/1947 all vehicles by the Dutch Military. 2. Sunday afternoon began with the consolidation of all forces that will participate in aksi.3.Senin 30/06/1947 at 3:30 am (AM) beginning with affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten (attack points) 4.senen 06.00 (AM) morning begins with a general attack across the front. 5.Didaerah which has been occupied by Dutch troops have conducted large-besaran.6.Seluruh pengankapan houses of any nation must also digeledah.7.Perintah is valid if the Saturday date of 06/28/1947 at 14:00 (PM) tidka revoked.

With the leaking of the above order of the day, the Great Commander General Sudirmasn menegeluarkan command as follows:

1.Angkatan the Republic of Indonesia and all the people should remain firm, vigilant, alert and ready (not careless) .2. If the Dutch army at one place has started to conduct the attacks on the Indonesian side should be held as well as possible resistance, no (not necessary) to wait for another command from the helm of the republic Indonesia.3.Gerakan Prerang Force general on the whole of Indonesia to maintain a State run by orders from the helm of the army of the Republic of large-scale battles Indonesia.4.Jika ynag didajului actual (executed) by dutch army, then the resistance simultaneously (total) that best

original Info:

 MAKLUMAT PRESIDEN RI  NO.6 TAHUN 1947

bBerhubung dengan gentingnya keadaan pada waktu sekarang,maka Presiden repoeblik Indonesia,pada tanggal 27.6.1947 ,mengambil kekuasaan Pemerintah sepenuhnya untuk sementara waktu,

Yogyakarta,jam 03.30

tanggal 26.7.1947

Presiden Repoeblik Indonesia

Soekarno

 at the same time,General Spoor ,the DEI chief command , mengeluarkan dag order(Day Order):

1, Hari minggu 26.6.1947 dimulai dengan pengoperan semua kendaraan oleh Militer Belanda. 2. Minggu sore dimulai dengan konsolidasi seluruh pasukan yang akan ikut dalam aksi.3.Senin 30.6.1947 jam 03.30 pagi(AM) dimulai dengan affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten(titik serangan) 4.senen jam 06.00(AM) pagi dimulai dengan serangan umum diseluruh front.5.Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh tentara belanda harus diadakan pengankapan besar-besaran.6.Seluruh rumah dari bangsa apapun juga harus digeledah.7.Perintah ini berlaku jika pada hari sabtu tanggal 28.6.1947 jam 14.00(PM) tidka dicabut.

Dengan bocornya perintah harian diatas, maka Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman  menegeluarkan perintah sebagai berikut:

1.Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia dan rakyat seluruhnya harus tetap tegas,awas,waspada dan siap sedia(jangan lengah).2.Jika disalah satu tempat tentara Belanda telah mulai mengadakan serangan maka dari pihak Indonesia harus segera mengadakan perlawanan sebaik-baiknya,tidak usah(tidak perlu)  menunggu Komando lagi dari pucuk pimpinan Angkatan Prerang republik Indonesia.3.Gerakan umum mengenai seluruh Indonesia untuk mempertahankan Negara dijalankan dengan perintah dari pucuk pimpinan angkatan perang Republik Indonesia.4.Jika pertempuran besar-besaran ynag sesungguhnya didajului(dijalankan) oleh tentara belanda,maka perlawanan serentak(total) yang sebaik-baiknya

(b)Amir Sjarifuddin and the “Left Wing” withdraw support of Sjahrir. Sjahrir leaves the government and becomes Indonesia’s representative at the United Nations. Amir Sjarifuddin becomes Prime Minister


Dutch soldiers in Batavia, 1947. By the start of the first Dutch “police action”, there were 92,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

June,29th.1947

the unpaid bonds for medan areacommand  headquater ‘s car (TRI 26) reapiar  by Mr Abdoekl Rahman Tandjong Morawa left. this bod sign by Letnasn A.rahman with medan area official choped,

also look the picture of Medan area headquaters  after burn during politional action

June,30th.1947

The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Special Card with pen line overprint on dancer 2 cent with Repoeblic Java definitive 3 cent, postally used send from Djakarta.

7.July

(1) the month of July 1947, Vice President Mohammad Hatta arrived in Siantar in the review of the Sumatran, after several ahari he was disana.Gubernur sumatra received the news of a private intelligence, that the Dutch army had occupied the city of high cliffs and continue toward the town of siantara, being The TNI and Police beriat no nothing. This is important news as soon submitted to the vice president M. Hatta. meanwhile sma news from the TNI and police followed, so that immediate action should be taken to save the Vice President who happened to be in Sumatra Siantar.Gubernur Pematang instructed to his car, Chrysler’s 7-seat (white elephant) immediately covered with leaves so that the color white no longer visible from the ship flying the Dutch. After consultation with the Vice-President Hatta, Governor sumatra plan to bring him to Brastagi, through Kananjahe and so on through Sidikalang to Bukittinggi. For that SM Amin ordered his driver to fill a full tank for the trip jauh.SEmentara Car gurbenur Sumatra past noon ready wrapped and covered with leaves. Since that time is the Fast, then paced a little food for Iftar are already prepared, had taken Similarly, the car used Sumatra.Anak Vice President and governors of Sumatra Governor and Wife and all goods are in his house had been left in Siantar, cukuk no time anymore to take care of it, handed it to God SWT.Rombongan just waiting for the arrival of Governor Mr Young. SM.Amin, so that can go together, but setalh how long to wait, he never dtang, his car was not returned from filling the fuel (BBM). Apparently accomplice in Siantar NICA has begun to play a role. Therefore it was already two o’clock in the afternoon (PM) then took the decision to Sumatra Guernur bernagkat to Brastagi, Mr. SM Amin was able to catch up later. Head with rush to Brastagi need to done in order  to prevent the Vice President was arrested by Dutch troops, it turns out later that the Dutch troops entered the town of siantar approximately 45 minutes after Vice President Moh.Hatta entourage departed, the group survived until the Brastagi afternoon.

look the illustration of vice presiden Moh Hatta  during departed to balige from pematang siantara and  from there to Tapanoeli and Bukittingi

Governor Young SM Amin who still lives in Siantar the Dutch army entered the city, asked to come to the office to the Netherlands to be examined

original info(ibid. Mr teuku Mohammad hassan,1986)

Dalam bulan July 1947, wakil Presiden Mohammad hatta tiba di pematang siantar dalam peninjauan ke sumatera, sesudah beberapa ahari beliau berada disana.Gubernur sumatra menerima berita dari seorang intel pribadi, bahwa tentara Belanda sudah menduduki kota Tebing tinggi dan terus menuju kota Pematang siantar,sedang dari pihak TNI dan Polisi belum ada berita apa-apa. berita penting ini segera disampaikan kepada wakil Presiden M.Hatta. sementara itu berita yang sma dari TNI dan Polisi menyusul,sehingga segera perlu diambil tindakan untuk menyelamatkan Wakil Presiden yang kebetulan berada di Pematang Siantar.Gubernur Sumatera menginstruksikan supaya mobilnya,Chrysler 7-seat(Gajah Putih) segera ditutup dengan daun-daun agar warna putihnya tidak kelihatan lagi dari kapal terbang Belanda. Sesudah bermusyawarah dengan Wakil Presiden Hatta,Gubernur sumatra merencanakan untuk membawa beliau ke Brastagi,melalui Kananjahe dan seterusnya melalui Sidikalang ke Bukittinggi. Untuk itu S.M Amin menyuruh supirnya untuk mengisi bensin penuh untuk perjalanan jauh.SEmentara Mobil gurbenur Sumatera lewat tengah hari siap dibalut dan ditutup dengan daun-daunan .Berhubung waktu itu adalah bulan Puasa,maka serba sedikit makanan untuk berbuka puasa yang sudah disiapkan,terpaksa dibawa pula dengan mobil yang digunakan Wakil Presiden dan gubernur Sumatra.Anak dan Isteri Gubernur Sumatra dan seluruh barang-barang yang ada dirumahnya terpaksa ditinggal di siantar,tidak cukuk waktu lagi untuk mengurusnya,diserahkan saja kepada Allah SWT.Rombongan hanya menunggu kedatangan Gubernur Muda Mr.SM.Amin,supaya dapat berangkat bersama, tetapi setalh menunggu berapa lama, ia tak kunjung datang,ternyata mobilnya belum kembali dari mengisi bahan bakar(BBM). Rupanya kaki tangan NICA di siantar sudah mulai memainkan peranannya,. Oleh karena waktu sudah menunjukkan jam dua siang(PM) maka Guernur Sumatra mengambil keputusan untuk bernagkat ke Brastagi,sedang Mr SM Amin bisa menyusul kemudian. Berangkat dengan bvuru-buru ke Brastagi perlu duilakukan untuk mencehag Wakil Presiden ditangkap oleh tentara Belanda,ternyata kemudian bahwa tentara belanda masuk kota Pematang siantar kira-kira 45 menit setlah rombongan Wakil Presiden Moh.Hatta berangkat,rombongan selamat sampai di Brastagi sore hari. Gubernur Muda SM AMIn yang masih tinggal di Pematang siantar waktu tentara Belanda masuk kota,diminta datang kekantor belanda untuk diperiksa.

(2)The July 1947, HUa Ning Tsing Nien Hui bewij van Lichmaatschap tevens contributiekaat(Chinese overseas Contrubution Card)

July,1st.1947

the very rare Dai Nippon Java 5 sen used with added  repoeblik Indonesia 17.8.45 anniversary bull stamps,cds Poerwokerto  sedn to Kebumen central java.

July,2nd.1947

The unpaid Gasoline(bensin) five liter to Bengkel Rahman  from medan area command tanjong morawa.sign with official stamped.which never paid until the owner died.J

July,3rd,1947

the rare Medreka News paper in fo today:

HATTA KAMPUNG VISITING PAGE

Bukittinggi, 1 July 1947.Kemarinrombongan Moh.Hatta vice president accompanied by rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra that now exists in New York City went to Loeboek aloeng 30 miles of desert. On the ground the vice president, Mr. Soerjo former governor of East Java and host Soepardo a speech in a rally which was held on that day. on his way home, the group stopped at the school who headed the INS kayoe Plant Moh lord, Syafei. Today Vice President headed back home and tomorrow he will go on to a new feed to Riau.

ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL KANINET

At 23:15 hours jogia 2-6.47 date night, President telang issued orders to Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr. AK Gani and Drs Setiadjid to form a Cabinet that is responsible and the national character. The formation of this cabinet must have been completed and has diserakan to the President on July 3 before 12 noon.

80% OF THE FIXED REPOEBLIKEIN NIT

 Mr. Noor Tadjuddin former chairman of the State of East Indonesia’s parliament is now in solo explain bahma intent after his arrival in Java is no longer served as chairman of the parliament will see the NIT is the political situation here, especially pemb icaraan will also hold the leaders of the republic of Indonesia’s independence struggle Indonesia. He also explained that the position of cabinet Nadjamoedin would soon collapse if it is not getting any help from the dutch again. In general, people in the NIT really Repoeblikein, at least 80 percent among people who love republic, feeling too happy and willing to “adanya tantangan” Sjahrir to the Dutch prime minister to hold a plebiscite. regarding the status of Papua, mr Tadhuddin explained that according to information obtained from the van Mook, Papua has not been able to actually enter the NIT and will still be subject to the people of Papua, but later of course, also enter part of the union Indonesa Negra.

Permit DIRECTLY TO CHINA TO gwan Mr Tan Po

According to the announcement of the Ministry of State Urusanan Peranakkan begun on 17 July 1947, permission to go to Jakarta for the Chinese to inland areas on the way back to China, no longer maintained by lkementerian abroad through the medium of the interior ministry but by the Ministry of State for Peranakan (Mr Tan Po Gwan)

ADVERTISING SEREKAT theatrical ARTISTS

demonstrates:

“Shadows Fadjar Time”

Celebrating Artists Congress.

With the leading artist of the theater yanr: Sofiah, Sukarno, Oedjang, Moestadjab, Goddess Reni, Ismail and others

original info;

HATTA MENGUNJUNGI KAMPUNG HALAMAN

Bukittinggi,1 juli 1947.Kemarinrombongan Wakil presiden Moh.Hatta diiringi oleh rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra yang sekarang ada di bukittinggi berangkat ke Loeboek aloeng 30 km dari padang. Ditempat itu wakil Presiden  ,Tuan soerjo bekas gubernur Jawa Timur dan tuan Soepardo mengadakan pidato dalam rapat raksasa yang dilangsungkan pada hari itu. dalam perjalanannya pulang ,rombongan singgah di sekolah INS kayoe Tanam yang dikepalai tuan Moh,Syafei. hari ini Wakil Presiden menuju kampung halaman beliau dan besok akan meneruskan perjalanan ke Pakan baru menuju Riau.

PERINTAH PRESIDEN PEMBENTUKAN KANINET NASIONAL

Di jogia tanggal 2-6.47 jam 23.15 malam, Presiden telang mengeluarkan perintah kepada Mr Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr A.K. Gani dan Drs Setiadjid untuk membentuk Kabinet yang bertanggung jawab dan bersifat nasional. Pembentukan kabinet ini harus telah selesai dan telah diserakan kepada Presiden pada tanggal 3 Juli sebelum jam 12 siang.

80 %  RAKYAT NIT TETAP REPOEBLIKEIN

 Mr Tadjuddin noor bekas ketua parlemen Negara Indonesia Timur yang kini berada di solo menerangkan bahma maksud kedatangannya di jawa sesudah tidak lagi menjabat ketua parlemen NIT ialah akan melihat situasi politik disini,terutama juga akan mengadakan pemb icaraan dengan pemimpin repoeblik Indonesia tentang hal yang mengenai perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia. Ia juga menerangkan bahwa kedudukan kabinet Nadjamoedin akan segera runtuh jika sudah tidak mendapat bantuan dari belanda lagi. Dalam umumnya rakyat di NIT sungguh-sungguh Repoeblikein, paling sedikit 80 persen diantara rakyat yang mencinta Repoeblik, mera juga merasa senang dan bersedia dengan adanyatantanga perdana Menteri Sjahrir kepada belanda untuk mengadakan plebisit. mengenai status Papua, mr Tadhuddin menerangkan,bahwa menurut keterangan yang didapat dari van Mook, sesungguhnya Papua belum dapat masuk bagian nIT dan masih akan diadakan peninjauan kepada rakyat papua, tetapi kelak sudah barang tentu masuk juga bagian dari Negra Indonesa serikat.

PERMIT KE TIONGKOK LANGSUNG KEPADA Mr Tan Po gwan

Menurut pengumuman Kementerian negara Urusanan Peranakkan muali tanggal 17 juli 1947 , izin pergi ke jakarta bagi orang tionghoa untuk didaerah pedalaman dalam perjalanan pulang ke Tiongkok ,tidak lagi diurus oleh lkementerian luar negeri dengan perantaraan kementerian dalam negeri tetapi oleh Kementerian Negara Urusan Peranakan(Mr Tan Po Gwan)

IKLAN SEREKAT ARTIS SANDIWARA

mempertunjukan :

“Bayangan Waktu Fadjar”

Merayakan kongres Artis.

Dengan artis dari sandiwara yanr terkemuka : Sofiah,Soekarno, Oedjang,Moestadjab,Dewi Reni,Ismail dan lain-lain.

July,4th.1947

The rare legalized documen by the PTT chief Bukittingi with repoeblik Indonesia revenue 3 x f.25.

July,5th.1947

The rare Malang Post magazine no.17 cover with information.”Boemi Hangus”

July, 5th.1947

The rare No.17 Malang Post magazine cover with information. “Boemi Scorched”

original info

scorched Earth

one tactic (tactic) the war’s most feared enemy of political aladah “Scorched Earth”. with musnahnya vital to maintain a building area occupied, then the enemy wins despite losing his standing in hahekatnya easily overthrown by the defeated parties. But thiswar  tactic  can creates a feeling of disappointment on the part of his property destroyed, if destruction is not based on calculations of the sacred. For example the houses burned down after the house in the stretcher out by the burner, while the owner was almost not able to bring nothing but the clothes stick to hid body ,in everything there is a human who uses every opportunity to gain advantage for themselves (in the Java language support Aji While his name). slogan of the sacred, even the religion that is light has a higher purpose is often reversed for keu ntungan a class of people who put aside any feelings of justice and humanity .. dpat origin enrich themselves for the loss of others, people willingly sacrifice everything, even his soul , but the generosity of the people must not be wasted with the fraudulent guise for “Nusa and Nation”. if you want to let us all out with an all-out and do the people who so roedin (poor destitute), and the leaders so rich with goods serobotan (earth lift). Therefore in doing politics “Scorched Earth” from any nation, should use wisdom and sense of social justice which is not only good in words alone, but in practice it is also good.

DJAKARTA at night

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Chinese and Indonesian Bankers are open “His bank office ‘(money changer) and the court Pantjoran diemperan each with a stack of paper money is green, yellow, red, black from various countries, nations and prices. Throughout the (entire) day scalper money (doeit (this hanging (sitting) behind the small table waiting for people from the countryside to exchange money for ORI with NICA money or exchange money sebaliknya.Orang own Betawi NICA with white money (ORI) for spending on land-Abang or markets, where money White still has value as in the hinterland, eg the post office, the electric tram and crate fire listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur money, there is a misnomer because the People’s Bank, is the government of the Republic sendiripu n bandwagon ORI values ​​dropping like according to a news SOERA Oemoem rtanggal 9 June 1948, Kour (value) ORI, each Rp.100, – set by the bank people just f 33 .- more sedikit.Sedangkan Mr. Dasad declared the most meritorious devalued the ORI is some loss of the nationalist government of the Republic sendiri.untung a blessing so, if not accused of kai-hand NICA.

Prinsen PARK

Jkarta residents and also people who dtang from elsewhere to satisfy his sights on a movie theater and Prinsen Park (now candra Naya) that seemed to open a night market continues to be liberally menerus.Penerangan (excess) once, here people can play tambola ( prodded the ball) is served by nona nona “japanese heritage”. In addition to satisfy the eyes, ears satisfy also the voice of Miss Irah, champion (champion) Djali-Muguet Djali of the famous orchestra. For people who love to play, can also select “Miss Noni” or “Miss Tjitjih”. Prinsen Park is an international park of Indonesia without a cap, can dance with the ladies sweet, to have gout (Isakit waist) can be recurrent because nyangking ( hug) sweet lady, slim and get got in djoebin (floor tiles) are shiny.

NORBEK AND GANG Hauber

Noorwijk called brother betawi Norbek to date into the army plesiran belanda.Disini half-hidden. ads a restaurant and dance halls, where Dutch troops were spree Spree until 10 pm through the following day because they are like sheep being led up the truck back to tangsinya. Although children are allowed spree barracks, there is a place for them is telarang Hauber Gang which became a nest “koetilanak” (moll-alias WTS), here the frequent fights and disease and gonorrhea aka lion king (gonoroe aias GO)

MORNING MARKET

Actual picture Pantjoran described no longer exist due to start on 25 May 1947 following haberdashery merchants Bankiet (money changer) has been moved to the morning market is located adjacent to Pantjoran. In the morning there was no tontona market, there is no prostitution, tetapimyang there are dozens of food stalls.

WEDDING ADVERTISING

May the Grace of God God’s grace borne along on:

BOENG Tomo (Soetomo)

with

P I. SOELISTINA

Marriage Held Thursday yng Paing June 19, 1947 in Malang

The Family Post unfortunate.

original info

BUMI HANGUS

salah satu siasat(taktik) perang yang paling ditakuti musuh aladah politik “Bumi Hangus”. dengan musnanya suatu bangunan vital untuk mempertahankan daerah yang diduduki musuh, maka musuh meskipun menang pada hahekatnya kalah karena kedudukannya mudah digulingkan oleh fihak yang dikalahkan. Tetapi siasat perang ini dpat menimbulkan rasa kecewa pada pihak yang miliknya dimusnahkan, bila pemusnahan  itu tidak berdasarkan atas perhitungan yang suci. Umpamanya rumah penduduk dibakar habis sesudah isi rumah di usung keluar oleh si pembakar,sedangkan pemilik barang itu hampir tidak dapat membawa apa-apa selain pakaian yang menempel pada badannya.Dalam segala hal memang ada manusia yang mengunakan segala kesempatan  untuk mendapat keuntungan bagi diri sendiri(dalam bahsa jawa Aji Mumpung namanya). sembojan yang suci,bahkan agama yang sudah terang mempunyai tujuan yang tinggi seringkali diputar balik untuk keu ntungan segolongan orang yang menyampingkan segala perasaan adil dan kemanusiaan..asal dpat memperkaya diri sendiri buat kerugian pihak lain, rakyat suka rela mengorbankan segala apa,bahkan jiwanyanya, tetapi kemuliaan hati rakyat janganlah disia-siakan  dengan perbuatan curang yang berkedok untuk”Nusa dan Bangsa”.kalau mau habis-habisan marilah kita bersama habis-habisan dan janganlah rakyat yang jadi roedin(miskin melarat),dan para pemimpin jadi kaya dengan barang serobotan(bumi angkat). Oleh karena itu dalam menjalankan politik “bumi Hangus” dari bangsa apa saja,hendaklah digunakan kebijaksanaan dan perasaan keadilan sosial yang bukan hanya bagus dalam kata-kata saja,tetapi juga bagus dalam mempraktekannya.

DJAKARTA DIWAKTU MALAM

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Bankers Tionghoa dan indonesia yang membuka”kantor Banknya’(money changer)  diemperan dan pelataran Pantjoran masing-masing dengan tumpukan uang kertas hijau,kuning,merah,hitam dari bermacam-macam negara, bangsa dan harga. Sepanjang(seantero) hari tukang catut uang (doeit( ini nongkrong(duduk) dibelakang meja kecil menunggu orang dari pedalaman untuk menukar uang ORI dengan uang NICA atau sebaliknya.Orang Betawi sendiri tukar uang NICA dengan uang putih(ORI) untuk belanja di tanah-Abang atau pasar-pasar,dimana uang putih masih tetap mempunyai nilai seperti di pedalaman,umpamanya dikantor pos, dalam tram listrik dan kerat api listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur uang , ada keliru karena Bank Rakyat, ialah Pemerintah Repoeblik sendiripu n ikut-ikutan menjatuhkan nilai ORI seperti menurut berita SOERA OEMOEM tanggal 9 juni 1948, kour(nilai) ORI, tiap Rp.100,- ditetapkan oleh bank rakyat hanya f 33.- lebih sedikit.Sedangkan Tuan Dasad menyatakan  yang paling berjasa menjatuhkan nilai ORI adalah beberapa badan pemerintah repoeblik sendiri.untung satu nasionalis yang berkat begitu,kalau tidak bisa dituduh kai-tangan NICA.

PRINSEN PARK

Penduduk jakarta dan juga orang yang datang dari lain tempat bisa memuaskan pemandangan matanya di gedung bioskop dan  prinsen Park(sekarang candra Naya) yang seolah-olah buka pasar malam terus menerus.Penerangan diatur secara royal(berlebihan) sekali, disini orang bisa main tambola (bola sodok) dilayani oleh nona nona “warisan jepang” .Selain puaskan mata ,juga puaskan telingga dengan suaranya Miss Irah,kampiun(juara) Djali-djali dari Muguet Orkes yang terkenal. Buat orang yang suka sandiwara ,juga bisa pilih “Miss Noni” atau “Miss Tjitjih”.Prinsen Park adalah park international orang Indonesia tanpa Peci,bisa dansa dengan nona-nona manis, sampai yang punya encok(Isakit pinggang)  bisa kumat karena nyangking(memeluk) nona manis yang langsing dan get got di djoebin (lantai tegel) yang mengkilap.

NORBEK DAN GANG HAUBER

Noorwijk disebut abang betawi Norbek sampai saat ini menjadi tempat plesiran tentara belanda.Disini setengah tersembunyi. ads sebuah restaurant dan tempat dansa,dimana tentara Belanda ber foya-foya sampai jam 10 malam karena liwat jam tersebut  mereka seperti domba digiring naik truk pulang ke tangsinya. Meskipun anak-anak tangsi ini boleh plesir, ada suatu tempat yang telarang buat mereka yaitu Gang Hauber yang menjadi sarang “koetilanak”(wanita pelacur-alias WTS),disini sering terjadi perkelahian dan sarang penyakit raja singa alias kencing nanah(gonoroe aias GO)

PASAR PAGI

Sebenarnya gambaran Pantjoran yang diceritakan sudah tidak ada lagi karena mulai tanggal 25 mei 1947 pedagang barang kelontong berikut Bankiet (money changer) sudah pindah ke Pasar pagi yang letaknya berdekatan dengan Pantjoran. Di pasar Pagi tidak ada tontona,juga tidak ada pelacuran, tetapimyang ada berpuluh-puluh warung makan.

IKLAN PERNIKAHAN

Semoga Rahmat  kurnia Tuhan Allah senatiasa beserta kepada:

BOENG TOMO (Soetomo)

dengan

P I. SOELISTINA

Yang Pernikahannya Dilangsungkan hari kamis Paing 19 Juni 1947 di Malang

Para Keluarga malang Post.

July.6th.47

The repoeblik Indonesia Padang pandjang west sumatra Income tax document(kartjis Padjak Penghasilan negeri) 1946 was pain in

July,6th.1947

The Repoeblik Indonesia Income tax used Dai nippon Kartjis Padjak T form, paid at Padang Panjang in this day

July,7th.1947

The rare TRI-Republibc Indonesia Army picture postcard used send from Mataram (the name of Indonesian south java sector army )to BlitarJuly 8TH.1947

Sjarifuddin government makes conciliatory offer to Dutch: Republic of Indonesia will stop seeking international recognition; Netherlands officials can take government positions in the Republic.

July,8th.1947

the rare Repoeblic Indonesia Aceh are railway ‘s chief with the officila stamped “Kerata api NRI” .lettre asking to Justice court Lhoseumawe about train condecteur justice case at Lhokseumawe.

July,17th,1947

The rare Machine overprint on japanese occupation revenue  F1, and F2. (3x) ,postally used on cover cds tandjongradja 14.7,47  to talangkar,cover return to sender.

July 20th.1947.

The intersting and historic note of mr Soewil the Padang Postman,on Dai nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cenrt with double overprint repoblik Indonesia 15 sen and F0,50,

1. 20/7/1947  Walikota padang ditembak(the Padang city major was shooted, and his body haveautopsion by Dr.A.rahim Oesman,the Dutch trops said that  he was killed by extrimies(now his name becaome the name of road in Padang),

2.21/7-1947. Kantor pos padang diduduki belanda(Padang post office occupied by Dutch)

3.17 agustus 1947.at Padang post office ,japanese and dutch stamps had overprint Rep:Indonesia (dikantor pos padang frc2Japan dan belanda di Tjap Rep.Indonesia)

Another rare soematra repoblic card,unused with Bigger type overprin repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen type, found at sawahlunto, at the back pencil written from”Kilang Tebu Rakyat I.W. Tigo Bagai. written in Indonesia :

DIHARAPKAN UNTUK MENTJAPAI KEAMANAN

DIMINTAK KEPADA JANG BERWADJIB SUPAJA KESALAHAN TUAN I.SEDJATI JANG MENDJUAL GULA PASIR SUPAJA MENDJADI PERHATIAN KALAU URANG LAIN DISELIDIKI BETULKAH DIA NICA APA TIDAK,SUDAH SEPANTASNJA DIA DITAHAN DALM KAMAR KEINSJAFAN UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI DJIWANJA KARENA OTOMATIS PEKERDJAANNJA TELAH MENJAMAI NICA JG MERUSAKKAN EKONOMI RAKYJAT.SEKIRANJA DIBIARKAN MUNGKIN MUNGKIN KEMAUANJA TERGANGGU”(THIS WAS THE BLACMAIL LETTER ,IN iNDONESIAN CALLED SURAT KALENG)

HOW INTERSTING HISTORIC AND POSTAL HISTORY  (COLLECTIONS.COURTECY Dr Iwan).

(the historic collections,courtecy dr Iwan suwandy).

Illustration of Kol.A.H. Nasoetion during actie politioneel pertama july 1947

illustrationKasman Singodimejo

,wongsonegoro,

Illustration of Mr Moh roem  at Tebing Tinggi east sumatra near politional action 1 july 1947

illustration of  Mr.Maria Ulfah Santoso , social menistry  also at tebing tinggi

illustration of the national heros from medan Are commad tanjongmorawa near Medan:Abdul manaf lubis,Selamat Ketaren,Ahmad syamsir and Moh.Yakub Lubis (read the storu of Medan area)

west sumatra police hero Police Commisaris johnny anwar cs picture in 1947

 

DUTCH POLITIONEEL ACTION I

first Dutch “police action”: Dutch troops occupy West Java, East Java, Madura, Semarang, Medan, Palembang, Padang, bomb many cities.

July,21th.1947

(a)The Republic indonesia’menistry who stayed at Jakarta, Vice Prime Menistry Dr A.K. Gani protest the Dutch  action(tindakaan yang tidak senonoh , and the Dutch “menusir” the Republic Indonesia Leader at Jakarta ,included the Major(Walikota) Suewirjo.

(b)On July,21th.1947

On this day, Dutch aeroplane”Mustang”  boombing Binjei with the land army attack with tank ,also Infantry soldiers with many trucks which made all the medan area sector were attack. At the afternoon Pancur Batu occupied by Dutch.

(c) July,21th.1947

The position of Chief of Police City of Padang Challenging encounter resistance to Dutch rule with his minions can last up to the launch by the Dutch Military Aggression I (21-7-1947). Military action Holland around Padang I was preceded by the arrest of officials of the Republic of Indonesia (civil servants and police), including Police Commissioner Johny Anwar II. Since the start of the Dutch Military Aggression I launched, civil servants and police officers WHO left the Republicans in the city of Padang and moved to areas outside the city of Indonesia. Official hours of date

July,22th.1947

Action by the Dutch invasion began on 22 July 1947 with simultaneous in all fronts, both in east and south, and west and north, seranggan done secra massive and orderly, so that for several time, the defense can be penetrated Indonesian republic. Pancur important place like stone, Binjei, Stabat fall into the hands Netherlands. with disappointment it must be admitted, that the Indonesian republic defense organization in this area has not quite perfect, this is already an estimated two or three days before the Dutch invaded. Front relationships with other fronts less than perfect, cooperation among lasjkar, Soldiers and members of the Government is not satisfactory. Gained the impression, every front act ats will and their own way both in lasjkar as well as by the army. Unity of command is long before the invasion of the Netherlands has been designed and the ideals of the people there. For the umpteenth time, it turns out, that victory will not be obtained because there is no unity among those responsible, is also undeniable, that preformance maintain Timoer Sumatra Regional republic, there have been actions that can not be held responsible, as practiced by some members Lasjkar People who participate in regional memeprtahankan Indonesian republic. Instructions issued regarding the implementation of Scorched Earth is not obeyed, the streets are important for transportation, as well as the bridges are not destroyed. In contrast, other objects that must be maintained properly destroyed instead finished. this led to the Dutch Army can be easily launched its attack quickly to pedalaman.Sedangkan can be expected, that their attacks will not be able to make progress. if the instructions on the scorched earth policy carried out by sempurna.Pemusnahan occurring, especially in shops and goods belonging Chinese, while the instruction on scorched earth and the soul requires to mepertahankan’s residents, both native and asing.Pemusnahan nation without the right reasons, such as property tionghoa population is detrimental to foreign countries in view of (SMAmin, My Life Journey ten windhu, PT Crescent Star .Jakarta, 1987)

original info:

Aksi penyerbuan oleh  Belanda dimulai pada 22 juli 1947 dengan serentak diseluruh front, baik di timur dan selatan, maupun di barat dan utara, seranggan dilakukan secra besar-besaran dan teratur, sehingga dalam bebrapa waktu saja ,pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia  dapat ditembus. tempat yang penting seperti Pancur batu,Binjei,Stabat jatuh ketangan Belanda. dengan kecewa  harus diakui,bahwa organisasi pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia di area ini  belum cukup sempurna, hal ini sudah diperkirakan dua atau tiga hari sebelum Belanda menyerbu. Hubungan satu Front dengan front lainnya kurang sempurna, kerjasama antar lasjkar ,Tentara dan anggota  Pemerintah tidak memuaskan . Diperoleh kesan,tiap front bertindak atas kemauan dan caranya sendiri-sendiri baik di lasjkar maupun oleh tentara. Persatuan komando yang lama sebelum penyerbuan  Belanda telah dirancang  dan menjadi cita-cita rakyat tidak ada. Untuk kesekian kalinya ternyata, bahwa  kemenangan tidak akan diperoleh karena persatuan tidak terdapat diantara mereka yang bertanggung jawab, Tidak pula dapat disangkal, bahwa dalm mempertahankan Daerah Repoeblik Sumatera Timoer, telah terjadi tindakan-tindakan yang tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkan,seperti yang dilakukan oleh beberapa anggota Lasjkar Rakyat yang ikut serta dalam memeprtahankan daerah Repoeblik Indonesia. Instruksi yang dikeluarkan mengenai pelaksanaan Bumi Hangus tidak dipatuhi, jalan-jalan yang penting bagi perhubungan, demikian juga jembatan-jembatan tidak dimusnahkan. Sebaliknya,obyek-obyek lain yang harus dipelihara dengan baik malah habis dimusnahkan . hal ini menyebabkan Tentara Belanda dapat dengan mudah melancarkan serangannya dengan cepat ke pedalaman.Sedangkan dapat diperkirakan, bahwa serangan mereka itu tidak akan dapat memperoleh kemajuan .apabila instruksi mengenai bumi hangus dilaksanakan dengan sempurna.Pemusnahan yang terjadi, terutama pada Toko-toko dan Barang milik orang Tionghoa, sedangkan instruksi mengenai bumi hangus mewajibkan untuk mepertahankan jiwa dan milik penduduk,baik asli maupun bangsa asing.Pemusnahan tanpa alasan yang benar,seperti harta milik penduduk tionghoa ini merugikan Negara dalam pandangan luar negeri(S.M.Amin,Perjalanan Hidupku sepuluh windu, PT Bulan Bintang<Jakarta,1987)

 

July,23th.1947

the original document of Ketua dewan Pertahanan Daerah aceh  T.T.Moh.Faoedsjah ,for salina G.siahaan, about”PENDJELASAN TENTANG PERATORAN DEWAN PERTAHANAN NEGARA NO.19″ (The state Pertahanan Board Regulation no 19,this collection found at beureun from Dr iwan’s friend at Blang Bladeh.)

July 24th.1947

20,000 march in anti-war demonstration in Amsterdam.

July,27th.1947

(a) The rare and historic Markas Pertempoeran Komado Medan are travel Pass from  Tandjong,morawa to tebing Tinggi for Mr Bachroem driver of Medan area Head quater to pick the belongins to Tebing tinggi with note:diminta kepada segala badan2 Pemerintah serta segenap lapisan dan golongan Rakjat Indonesi ,soepaja diberi bantoean sepenoeh2nja dimana perloe dan perdjalannja jangan dihalangi”(asking help from the govewumment and people)

(b)On July,27th.1947 o6.00 in the morning(AM) with the landing ship tank ,the Dutch army  from Palembang landing at Pantai cermin to attack Medan Area from behind.The Indonesian Navy armed forced at Pantai cermin and Tanjung Beringin lead by Leutenan G.Z.Marpaung cannot suncced to counter the Dutch attack and fle with other another army and “Membumi Hangus” Perbaungan city, and after conquer Medan Area, the Dutch armed forces attack Tebng Tinggi and Pematang siantar.

. Dutch Military action I (the first Indonesia War of Independence )at Kuala Tungkal jambi

On July 27, 1947 the Dutch launched Military Action First, many big cities in Java and Sumatra, is attacked and occupied. Unlike other cities in jambi not directly repetition on a large scale attack, but the Dutch further enhance its economic blockade and psychological warfare that had begun before the First Military Action. Thus, only Jambi in Sumatra and Aceh are not attacked the Dutch in the first military action.

Dutch did not attack Jambi massively since it is estimated that Edinburgh has a full arsenal imported from abroad, because at that time had mamur jambi, the results of barternya trade with Singapore has heavy weapons such as cannons Anti Air Craft (AAC), Machine Gun 12 , 7 in addition to senajata-light weapons.

Jambi communicated waters with the outside world such as Kuala Enok, Kuala Tungkal, Sea Village guarded by Dutch warships. Merchant ships passing through the inspection, which brought goods seized and persons arrested suspected

July 29th.1947.

(a)Indonesian forces launch bombing raids on Semarang, Ambarawa and Salatiga with three surviving planes. The Dutch had previously claimed to have destroyed the entire Air Force

(b)On Wednesday July 29, 1947, a week after the attack by the Dutch started, received official news of his fall the hands of the Dutch town of High Cliff. This news received at the inn Vice President Moh.hatta in Siantar, when he had arrived there preformance framework of its journey around the entire Sumatra.  this bad info, as was first calculated, received by the vice president when he was with Governor Young at the  North Sumatra hotel , and other high official, with calm  he decide to do immediate evacuation immediately. Vice President with the Governor of Sumatra Mr. Mohammad Hasan Justin can get out of town Siantar safely, as well as a number of other authorities, such as Dr. Sunaryo, only vehicles were targeted shot from above so that the fire, lucky fate, Dr. Sunaryo can save himself. SM.AMIN cannot out from Kota Pematang siantar, when the his every day belongings(pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari ) put in the car which bring other goverment official(sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerintah), some aeroplane flying on the city(beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diatas kota Pematang siantar),  Yung Governor  S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city at upper  Siantar the Young Governor S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city diats Siantar . The shot returned from below, so there was a shootout with the exclamation, reply back that lasted nearly an hour lamanya.Maksud to leave the city can not be implemented. along with the atmosphere of a shootout with the aircraft, the sound of the Dutch tanks entered the town and shortly thereafter, the residence of the Governor of Sumatra, where the governor was Young SM Amin, has been besieged by the Dutch army, and they ordered the Governor Young SM Amin was taken to a place to examined. Tinfakan first conducted by the leader of the Dutch army against the population Siantar adalh mengiring each population of men who had grown a certain place for inspection. This examination is conducted in a manner that is not penganiayaaan, sec; laipun as kekecualiaan, some residents experiencing a treatment not wjar. Long-haired young man suffered a bad fate, they had to listen carefully to boil the words of criticism, ridicule and contempt poured upon them by the examiner of the Dutch army consisting of Indonesia, Ambon and Indonesia-jawa.After each Inspected examined, each of which has allowed to go home .

original info:

Pada hari rabu tanggal 29 Juli 1947, seminggu setelah penyerangan oleh belanda dimulai, diterima berita resmi tentang jatuh nya kota Tebing Tinggi ketangan Belanda. berita ini  diterima di tempat penginapan Wakil Presiden Moh.hatta di Pematang Siantar, saat beliau telah tiba disana dalm rangka perjalannya mengelilingi seluruh sumatra. Kabr buruk ini, seperti yang sudah terlebih dahulu diperhitungkan, diterima oleh wakil Presiden saat beliau berada dipenginapan bersama Gubernur Muda Sumatra Utara, dan beberapapembesar lainnya, dengan tena ng beliau memutuskan  agar segera dilakukan pengungsian saat itu juga. Wakil Presiden bersama Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hasan dapat keluar dari kota pematang siantar dengan selamat, demikian juga dengan sejumlah pembesar lain,seperti dr Sunaryo, hanya kendaraannya menjadi sasaran tembakan dari atas sehingga terbakar, mujur nasibnya ,dr sunaryo dapat menyelamatkan dirinya. Gubernur Muda S>M>AMIn tidak dapat lagi menyingkirkan diri keluar dari Kota Pematang siantar, pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerimntah, beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diats kota Pematang siantar. Tembakannya dibalas dari bawah, sehingga terjadilah tembak-menembak dengan seru,balas membalas yang berlangsung hampir satu jam lamanya.Maksud untuk meninggalkan kota tidak dapat dilaksanakan . seiring dengan suasana tembak-menembak dengan pesawat udara, terdengar suara tank Belanda memasuki kota dan tidak lama kemudian, rumah kediaman Gubernur Sumatra, dimana Gubernur Muda SM Amin berada,telah dikepung oleh tentara Belanda, dan mereka memerintahkan Gubernur Muda SM AMin dibawa kesuatu tempat untuk diperiksa. Tinfakan pertama yang dilakukan oleh pemimpin Tentara Belanda terhadap penduduk Pematang Siantar adalah mengiring setiap penduduk laki-laki yang sudah dewasa ketempat tertentu untuk diperiksa. Pemeriksaan ini dilakukan dengan cara yang tidak bersifat penganiayaaan , sekalipun sebagai kekecualiaan, beberapa penduduk mengalamai perlakuan tidak wjar. Pemuda yang berambut gondrong mengalami nasib buruk, mereka terpaksa mendengar dengan hati mendidih kata-kata kecaman,ejekan dan hinaan yang ditumpahkan atas mereka oleh pemeriksa dari tentara belanda yang terdiri dari Indonesia-ambon dan Indonesia-jawa.Selesai diperiksa, masing-masing yang telah diperiksa diijinkan pulang ke rumah masing-masing.

July 30th.1947

(a)Young students blow up a bridge at Bumiayu, preventing Dutch forces from taking Purwokerto.USA and Britain are unhappy with the “police action”; India, Australia, and the Soviet Union support the Republic of Indonesia in the UN. Refugees pour into Central Java. Australia boycotts Dutch shipping.

A Dutch vehicle fords a stream on Java, after the bridge has been blown up by Indonesian forces.


Republik Indonesia 100 Rupiah note, 1947.

(b) On July 30, 1947, the Netherlands held a meeting with the republican party (represented by the Governor of North Sumatra Young SM AMIN), while istansi Sumatra Governor has managed to rid himself, aided by the head of the Bureau and other t8inggi employees, while the Netherlands comes from Recomba Dr. JU. vd Velde, Gerritsen Resident, Chief Resident Nevis Forch and assisetn Schuyf.

At the end of the meeting, the Netherlands announced that Republican officials are not forbidden to continue working as usual. several days, after this meeting, for a small proportion of the republic pegaewai masik entering their workplace, as usual, they are apparently still has confidence in carrying out duties in the interest of DAPT Nusa and the nation. however, gradually kepervcayaan and this work will disappear. Dutch announcement then, that the Government of the republic no longer exists in the areas they had occupied and Republican officials are given the opportunity to choose one of two that work continues as the Dutch East Indies government employees or stopped. this is addressed by Republican officials ZKorps very satisfactory, with beebrapa unless they chose to stop in its entirety. Semangat people in general are also satisfactory, they still voted Republican and still be anti Belanda.Mereka NICA rejected payment with money and some are fighting a war with weapons outside the city. beturut few nights in a row since the army occupied the city belands Siantar, still ongoing eruption sound cannons and rifles pounding, a sign bahw arakyat in cooperation with the Army of the Republic, still menus nukkan loyalty to the republic.

In the beginning of the occupation of the Netherlands, for some time, the Regional Government of the Republic can still be acting independently of government actions. mas in this short period, the agency responsible still can take the following actions tindkan-greetings order to run pemerinrtahan:

(A) Establish an agency under the name “People’s advocates and agency officials” in order to provide cash assistance to every person who should be helped. Fonds this agency is that the money can still be saved from penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini began granting aid to the civil servants who were expelled from the house he lived and juaga temapt to those who want to evacuate. (B) Printing and spread throughout the city, radio broadcasts from the Yogya considered essential for the maintenance of morale pendudk city. By Usha, the residents stay up to date and the settlement of disputes between the Dutch Republic. Also the President’s speech broadcast over radio Yogja, the vice president’s speech broadcast on radio Bukittinggi and speeches from some other republican authorities, greatly enhance the spirit of the people (until now I have not found this printed matter, notes Dr. Iwan) (c) send the to the village of Java Land some strategists to examine the validity of the report is received about the murder and mayhem on a large upper Lasjkar besran by the King family oarng siamlungun and Chinese as well as issuing leaflets to every resident memperingatan didnot  until disturbed security and tranquility of the population of Indonesia, other nations also sepertu people tionghoa, Arabia and India should also be maintained. (d) Taking action in the override of chaos as a result of the Dutch Republic to eliminate money and money from suggested  circulated Nippon papermoney  with hidden and lighting provided in the community to menolakj NICA money and keep money memepergunakan republic and Nippon money. (e) Establish and maintain good relations with the army and Lasjkar surviving outside kota.Bantuan delivered to those who persist in jambi Bah, approximately 13 miles from Siantar. To them also delivered pamphlets menegani state area, pidarto president and vice president as well as other pamphlets that are considered they needed to know.

original info:

Pada tanggal 30 Juli 1947 ,pihak Belanda mengadakan pertemuan dengan pihak republik (diwakili Gubernur Muda sumatra Utara SM AMIN), sedangkan istansi  Gubernur Sumatera telah berhasil menyingkirkan diri,dibantu oleh kepala Jawatan dan pegawai t8inggi lainnya, sedangkan dari pihak belanda hadir Recomba Dr JU.v.d. Velde ,Residen Gerritsen,Kepala Nevis Forch dan assisetn Resident Schuyf.

Pada akhir pertemuan, Belanda  memberitahukan bahwa pegawai Republik tidak dilarang bekerja terus seperti biasa. beberapa hari lamanya ,sesudah pertemuan ini,pegaewai republik untuk sebagain kecil masik memasuki tempat kerja mereka sebagaimana biasa, mereka ini rupanya masih mempunyai kepercayaan dapat melaksanakan tugas demi kepentingan Nusa dan bangsa. akan tetapi, lambat laun kepervcayaan dan kemauan kerja ini menghilang. Pengumuman Belanda kemudian, bahwa Pemerintah republik tidak ada lagi di daerah yang mereka duduki dan pegawai Republik diberikan kesempatan memilih salah satu dari dua yaitu bekerja terus sebagai pegawai pemerintah hindia belanda atau berhenti. hal ini ditanggapi oleh ZKorps pegawai Republik dengan sangat memuaskan, dengan beebrapa kecuali,mereka dalam keseluruhannya memilih berhenti. Sremangat rakyat pada umumnya juga memuaskan, mereka tetap memilih Republik dan tetap bersikap anti Belanda.Mereka menolak pembayaran dengan uang NICA dan ada juga yang melakukan perlawanan dengan senjata diluar kota. beberapa malam beturut-turut sejak tentara belands menduduki kota Pematang siantar, masih terus menerus kedengaran letusan meriam dan dentuman senapan, suatu tanda bahw arakyat dalam kerja sama dengan Tentara Republik, masih tetap menu nukkan kesetiaan terhadap republik.

Dalam permulaan pendudukan Belanda, beberapa saat lamanya, Pemerintah Daerah Republik masih dapat bertindak bebas melakukan tindakan-tindakan pemerintah. dalam mas yang singkat ini, instansi yang bertanggung jawab masih dapt mengambil tindkan-tindakan berikut salam rangka menjalankan pemerinrtahan :

(a) Membentuk suatu Badan dengan nama”Badan Penyokong Rakyat dan Pegawai” dalam rangka memberikan bantuan uang kepada setiap orang yang patut dibantu. Fonds badan ini adalah uang yang masih dapat diselamatkan dari penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini memeberikan bantuan kepada pegawai negeri yang diusir dari rumah temapt tinggalnya dan juaga pada mereka yang ingin mengungsi.(b) Mencetak dan menyebar diseluruh kota, siaran-siaran radio dari Yogja yang dianggap penting demi pemeliharaan semangat pendudk kota. Dengan usha ini, penduduk tetap mengetahui perkembangan penyelesaian pertikaian antara Republik dan belanda. JUga pidato Presiden yang disiarkan melalui radio Yogja,pidato wakil Presiden yang disiarkan radio Bukittinggi dan pidato dari beberapa pembesar republik lainnya, sangat mempertinggi semangat penduduk(sampai sekarang saya  belum menemukan barang cetakan ini-note Dr iwan)

(c) Mengirmkan ke kampung Tanah Jawa beberapa penyiasat untuk memeriksa benar tidaknya bunyi laporan yang diterima tentang pembunuhan dan penganiayaan secara besar-besran oleh Lasjkar atas keluarga Raja siamlungun dan oarng Tionghoa serta mengeluarkan surat selebaran yang memperingatan setiap penduduk supaya janagn sampai terganggu keamanan dan ketentraman penduduk Indonesia ,juga bangsa lain sepertu orang tionghoa,Arab dan India juga harus dipelihara.(d) Mengambil Tindakan dalam mengatsi kekacauan sebagai akibat dari  pihak belanda untuk melenyapkan uang Republik dan uang Nippon dari peredzaran.Anjuran dan penerangan secra sembunyi diberikan pada masyarakat agar menolakj uang NICA dan tetap memepergunakan uang republik dan uang Nippon.(e) Mengadakan dan memelihara hubungan baik dengan tentara dan Lasjkar yang masih bertahan di luar kota.Bantuan yang disampaikan pada mereka yang bertahan di Bah jambi,kurang lebih 13 km dari pematang siantar. Kepada mereka juga disampaikan surat selebaran menegani keadaan daerah,pidarto presiden dan wakil presiden serta lain-lain surat selebaran yang dianggap perlu mereka ketahui.(ibid SM Amin,1978)

August 1947

In August 1947, at the height of the operation more Warship Netherlands, the Dutch ship approaching Kuala seuah Betara (Regency Tanjung Jabung), the ships are being chased by a Navy patrol boat commanded by Lieutenant Nuri I Duna (Sea) M. Sanusi as a commander with seven of his men armed with unflinching spirit of “Merdeka OR DIE”, they immediately attacked the Dutch ship and there was gunfire. Since the force is not balanced, then the ship Ship Nuri I badly damaged, two members of ALRI fall, one of them Corporal (Marine) who is buried in Dabo Remove Singkep. Nuri I ship with the whole crew was dragged to Tanjung Pinang and Lieutenant Duan (Sea) M. Sanusi who suffered severe injuries and his men captured the Dutch navy.

Meanwhile, in the plains jambi, to drop the probable community and troops, a Dutch fighter “Mustang” circling above the city of Edinburgh and shooting at the Red Paal, then fly down the Batang Hari river toward the island Uluan Weasel and a resident becomes death toll at the time. A ship hull “Kho Tek Seng” which berjhenti in Lubuk Ruso shot, the ship was carrying supplies such as oil for purposes that are Uluan troops under the command of Captain A. Chatib escorted by PT led by Lieutenant Young Ardjai. As a result of the shooting, Captain A. Chatib, Sergeant Ahmad Yunus and an officer also died at that time.

August 1st.1947

UN Security Council calls for cease-fire in Indonesia.

August 4Ceasefire agreed to by Dutch and Sukarno, but is ignored in the field. Dutch declare “Van Mook line” at the edge of their military advances in Java and Sumatra.Daud Beureu’eh is military governor of Aceh for the Republic

August,5th.1945

the block three local sumatra repoblik Indonesia  f.25,0 revenue, date  5.8.47 and latest 15.11,47.

August,6th,1947

(a)The Young gouvenur North sumatra,SM Amin was cuptere by the Dutch Military Police and bring to medan with Mr T>M> Hnafiah, and he stayed at Medan Major  House Mr Jusuf.

(b)On 6 August 1947, when Governor of North sumtera Young SM Amin was in Jalan Simarito 61, Mandailing villages, dikes Siantar, during visiting his mother who was elderly and dealing with him, being in severalconsidering a matter, suddenly the roar sounded  arrived a few tanks, tank was then stopped in front of the house. several members of the Dutch Military Police entered the tank and turn drai perkaranagn house, climbed the house and ordered him to join them. His mother panicked state, for he can placate it. He parted with his mother and by the Dutch Military Police he was taken to Hotel Siantar. Here SM AMIN Schuyf examined by the Assistant Resident, and at the end of the examination she stated, DAPT does not endorse any of the SM Amin tindkan done since Siantar occupied Holland, and he said so, “Sir will be taken to Medan. Areas that have been occupied by the Dutch. Pemrintah Republic no longer exists “. also present in this examination Mr.T. M Hanafi, a lawyer who was appointed with SM Amin to Hotel siantar.kemudian together with A. Mutalib Moro (deputy Attorney General), SM Amin transported to Medan with a fairly stringent safeguards. Arriving at the field, SM Amin is allowed to stay at home Mr.Muhammad Joseph (Republican Mayor in Medan), Muralib transported Moro continues to Belawan, Diman he ditahn along with members of the army repoeblik.AM Amin was arrested on the field since 6 August smapi 15 September 1947, approximately 40 days lamanya.selama 40 days, the mayor of a ride home Mr. Mohammad Yusuf.

original Info:(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada tanggal 6 agustus 1947, sewaktu Gubernur Muda suamtera Utara SM Amin berada di Jalan Simarito 61,kampung Mandailing,pematang Siantar, dlam mengunjungi Ibunya yang telah lanjut usia dan berhadapan dengan beliau, sedang dalam mempertimbangkan bebrapa soal, tiba tiba kedengaran deru beberapa tank ,tank itu kemudian berhenti di depan rumah. beberapa anggota Polisi Militer Belanda turn drai tank dan memasuki perkaranagn rumah,menaiki rumah dan memerintahkan ia untuk ikut mereka. Keadaan Ibunya menjadi panik, untuk ia dapat menentramkannya. Ia berpisah dengan ibunya dan oleh Polisi Militer Belanda ia dibawa ke Hotel siantar. Disini SM AMIn diperiksa oleh Assisten resident Schuyf, dan pada akhir pemeriksaan ia menyatakan, tidak dapt menyetujui segala tindakan yang SM Amin lakukan sejak Pematang siantar dikuasai Belanda, dan katanya seterusnya:” Tuan akan dibawa ke Medan. Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh belanda. pemrintah Republik tidak ada lagi”. hadir juga dalam pemeriksaan ini Mr.T>M Hanafiah,pengacara yang diangkat bersama SM Amin ke Hotel siantar.kemudian bersama dengan A.Mutalib Moro(wakil Jaksa Agung), SM Amin diangkut ke Medan dengan penjagaan yang cukup ketat. Setibanya di medan,SM Amin diijinkan menginap di rumah Mr.Muhammad Yusuf(Walikota Republik di Medan),Muralib Moro diangkut terus ke Belawan,diman ia ditahn bersama dengan angota tentara repoeblik.AM Amin ditahan di medan sejak 6 agustus smapi 15 september 1947,lebih kurang 40 hari lamanya.selama 40 hari ,menumpang dirumah walikota Mr Muhammad Yusuf.

August,13th.1947

St.Sjahrir and Haji Agus salim arrived at Lake Succes  airportduring join the United Nation Meeting in this day and the picture of them with unidentified person.(four photos)

August,16th.1947

The document of Indonesian Military Judge(Jaksa  militer TRI)  from bukit tinggi with rare official stamped TRI.

August,17th.1947

Repoeblik Indoenesia (West sumatra Military) issued the Postal stationer for  anniversary two years Indonesia Independence with design army,tank and aeroplane, in postally used.(very rare postal history,only one ever seen in used condition..

August,21th.1947

The rare document of Inspectur police Boekittinggi  with official stamped “kepala Polisi Boekittinggi Pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia

August,27th.1947

The Republic Indonesia government recieve the “keputusan Dewan Keamanan PBB”(united Nation security Council), and asked to report the trully of  Indonesian Situation.

August,31th.1947

The ORI overprint Repoeblik Indonesia revenue on complete document

September 1947

September In early 1947, there was a demonstration, led by some people , The Chinese leader, giving the impression, bahw at which time they feel unhappy about people of Indonesia. Anti-republican demonstrations, they took pictures and drawings of what they see themselves sembotyan called “The brutality that has been done by soldiers and lasjkar several sites around the eastern Sumatran Bekanda pad when entering the republic” gamabr and slogans paraded along the streets, seditious. becoming a matter of surprise, dutch allow such demonstrations, it is different if the Netherlands is the Actor inteltual of this demonstration, domonstrasi Gratitude does not lead to things that are not cool, not cause worst situation between Indonesia and the Chinese people in the city of Medan because this domostrasi inciting nature and this action only by a group of people tionghoa sja, some Chinese people who contacted BC Amin explained that “the Chinese nation never approve of this demonstration”

original info(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada permulaan bulan sepetmber 1947, terjadi suatu demonstrasi ,dipimpin oleh beberapa pemimpin Orang Tionghoa, memberi kesan,bahw pada saat itu mereka merasa tidak senang terhadap orang Indonesia. Demonstrasi bersifat anti republik, mereka membawa gambar gambar dan sembotyan mengenai apa yang mereka namakan” Kekejaman yang telah dilakukan oleh tentara dan lasjkar diberbagai tempat di sumatera timur pad saat Bekanda memasuki daerah republik” Gambar dan slogan diarak sepanjang jalan,bersifat menghasut. mejadi suatu hal yang mengherankan,belanda mengijinkan demonstrasi yang demikian, lain halnya jika Belanda yang menjadi Aktor inteltual dari demostrasi ini, Syukur domonstrasi ini tidak mengakibatkan hal yang tidak dinginkan, tidak menimbulkan kekruhan diantara orang Indonesia dan orang tionghoa di kota Medan oleh karena domostrasi ini sifatnya menghasut dan tindakan ini hanya oleh sekelompok orang tionghoa sja, beberapa orang tionghoa yang menghubungi SM Amin menerangkan bahwa”Bangsa tionghoa sekali-kali tidak menyetujui demonstrasi ini”

Sept.2nd.1947
the Republic Indonesia Poluce departemen travelling permit letter,contrasign by markas pertahan kota jogyakarta, Pemerintah Kementerian Jogyakarta, to give permission to the member of subsektor II(MPK danurdjan).

Diperbolehkan berjalan terus untuk menjalankan kewajibnannya diwaktu ada tanda bahaya (PBO) dan diwaktu malam ,and diberi hak mengadakan control dalam subsector II tsb.

Sept.3rd.1947

The State contribution tax(Ijoeran Negara)  of Agam west sumatra ,was paid in this day F.33.- with Wedana Limapoeloeh Koto Sepetmber,22th.1947

September,15th.1947

 Medan dutch tried diligently made preparations for the establishment of the State of East Sumatra, regardless of the Republic of Indonesia. The Netherlands has got a eprsetujuan and help from some prominent people who berasla from eastern Sumatra, eastern Sumatra Negra Movement held a march through the city of Medan, Perbaungan, and embankment Siantar. This parade went to Vice-dutch, Dr. Van de Velde, and with the intercession they filed a eprmohonan to the Dutch, so please menidirkan an independent state of East Sumatra, the Indonesian republic. Dutch apparently not willing to immediately, without first studying this matter carefully. Until now, BC Amin left the city of Medan On 15th September 1947, the country’s eastern Sumatra beklum also formed, probably the Dutch brackish hesitate to meet the demand, see the attitude of sultans in Eastern suamtera who remain passive, the names of the Sultan whose role and determine the masyarakatpun not called.

On September ,15th,1947, Mr SM Amin departure to Penang in order to went to Aceh

In late August 1947, the Dutch republic announced that employees who are not willing to work with dutch sma, are welcome to leave the area occupied Netherlands. On the basis of the provisions of this martial nda, SM Amin, Mr.A.Siddik, Ir Sitompul painstakingly memeproleh of the Dutch permission to go to Malacca, and Mr. and ir asiddik Singapura.dengan Sitompul to help friends and Suheili Abubakar, the purchase of tickets and the cost of the journey, on 15 September 1947. SM Amin went to Penang with the intention to continue the trip to Aceh. In the Ship SM Amin had the opportunity to meet with Barhen of “Chinese Democratic Lieague” the really significant stuff pro-republic and expelled by the Dutch from the field after detained in Siantar. On the next day SM Amin arrived in penang penang.di obtained satisfactory relationships with some really significant stuff republic, merchants who came from Aceh., They provide the support needed another advance of Yaw Hiong Liong (Straits Steamship agents) and his son Ci Ki Kew (chairman of the Chinese in Langsa vereeneging Handels), Kho Hok Khiat (merchant in Lho Seumawe), T Manyak (from Permai shop in penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis (Child BC kaka amen, Zubaidah who lived there) and Salim aharahap. He, his name on the arrest of five days.

On 21 September 1947

SM Amin departed from Penang with the Tung Song belongs to the Straits Steamship, this boat yachting under the British flag to Uleleu through Sabang, this journey of two days and two nights until at Sabang on 23 September 1947, the ship arrived in sab ang and anchor about two miles from land. when police boarded the ship and mjulai conduct examination of passenger and SM Amin was known to the ship, with a magnifying bealnda necessarily in Sabang issued a travel ban to Uelele ship, before the trip permit is obtained from the Dutch Authorities in Sabang. Two days after his two nights waiting for this permit, yet xit juuga, so Patience agent Lionh Jr. Ship Company. Murray and captain of the ship had run out, they down  lifeboat and headed to the mainland with the intention of seeing Sabang , and at Sepetmebr,25th.1947 Mr SM Amin arrived Ulee Lheuw at afternoon and several days went to Kutaraja.(the full story read the book by SM Amin 1978).This information had proeef that the postally uesd cover send fromaceh to Penang with repoeblic  Indonesa with  aceh overpint stamps wer the original cover,some were the Ricardo colections,now shoed at den Haag phillately museum Netherland)

 

0riginal info(ibid SM AMIN,1978)

 di Medan belanda berusaha dengan giat mengadakan persiapan bagi pembentukan Negara Sumatera Timur , terlepas dari Republik Indonesia. Belanda telah mendapat suatu eprsetujuan dan bantuan dari beberapa orang terkemuka yang berasla dari Sumatera timur, Gerakan Negra Sumatera timur ini mengadakan suatu pawai melalui kota Medan,Perbaungan, dan pematang Siantar. Pawai ini mendatangi Wakil belanda,Dr. Van de velde, dan dengan perantaraannya mereka mengajukan suatu eprmohonan kepada pihak Belanda,supaya berkenan menidirkan suatu negara Sumatera Timur yang terlepas dari republik Indonesia. rupanya Belanda tidak bersedia dengan segera,tanpa mempelajari terlebih dahulu soal ini dengan teliti. Sampai saat SM Amin meninggalkan kota Medan Tanggal 15 september 1947, Negara Sumatera timur itu belum juga terbentuk, mungkin pihak belanda masin segan-segan memenuhi permintaan tersebut,melihat sikap Sultan-sultan di suamtera Timur yang tetap bersikap pasif ,nama-nama Sultan yang berperan dan menentukan dalam masyarakatpun tidak ada disebut.

Pada akhir Agustus 1947,Belanda mengumumkan bahwa pegawai republik yang tidak bersedia bekerja sma dengan belanda,dipersilahkan meninggalkan daerah yang diduduki belanda. Atas dasar ketetapan bela nda ini, SM Amin,Mr.A.Siddik,Ir Sitompul dengan susah payah memeproleh dari belanda ijin untuk berangkat ke Malaka, dan Mr asiddik dan ir sitompul ke Singapura.dengan bantuan kawan-kawan Abubakar dan Suheili,pembelian tiket dan biaya perjalan, pada tanggal 15 september 1947. SM Amin berangkat menuju Penang dengan maksud meneruskan perjalanan ke Aceh. Di Kapal SM Amin memperoleh kesempatan berkenalan dengan Barhen dari “Chinese Democratic League” yang snagat pro republic dan diusir oleh belanda dari medan sesudah ditahan di pematang siantar. Pada keesokan harinya SM Amin tiba di penang.di penang diperoleh hubungan yang snagat memuaskan dengan beberapa orang republik,saudagar-saudagar yang berasal dari Aceh., mereka memberikan bantuan yang diperlukan anatar lain Liong Yaw Hiong(agen straits steamship ) beserta anaknya Ci Ki Kew(ketua handels vereeneging Tionghoa di langsa),Kho Hok Khiat(saudagar di Lho Seumawe),T Manyak(dari toko Permai di penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis(Anak kaka SM amin,Zubaidah yang menetap di sana) dan Salim aharahap. la,manya di penang lima hari.

Pada tanggal 21 september 1947 SM Amin bertolak dari Penang dengan kapal Tung Song kepunyaan Straits Steamship, kapal ini belayar dibawah bendera Inggris menuju Uleleu melalui sabang, perjalanan ini dua hari dua malam sampai di sabang pada tanggal 23 september 1947, kapal sampai di sab ang dan membuang jangkar kira-kira dua kilometer dari darat. sewaktu polisi menaiki kapal dan mjulai melakukan pemeriksaan atas penumpang dan diketahui SM Amin berada di kapal, dengan serta merta pembesar bealnda di sabang mengeluarkan larangan perjalanan kapal ke Uelele, sebelum diperoleh ijin perjalan dari Pembesar belanda di sabang. Setlah Dua hari dua malam menunggu ijin ini,  belum keluar juga, sehingga Kesabaran agen Perusahan Kapal Lionh Jr. dan kapten Kapal Murray telah habis, mereka menurunka  sekoci dan menuju ke daratan sabang dengan maksud menemui(cerita lengkap baca buku karangan SM Amin 1978)

September,26th.1947

Residen Of Batavia(federal state resident at Jakarta), forbidden the megazine and newspaper at jakarta to put in the Indonesia Army (TNI) informations.

10.October

President soekarno inaugurate the new memeber of Kabinet from Masjumi Party,and also take photo  together after the ceremony

Dutch military tries to consolidate control of areas within the “Van Mook line”. Dutch take control of all of Madura.United Nations “Good Offices Commission” is organized, with the goal of finding a settlement in Indonesia. Australia, Belgium, and the United States take part.

October,3th.1947

The postally used small cover from Batavia(rare postmark) cds 3.10.47 to soerabaia

October,4th.1940

The rare batavia postmark type handstamped on postally used chines overseas Medical,dental and aphothecer organization Batavia centrum circulair letter cover.

October,8th.1947

Tanda Bukti Penerimaan kantor Pos Indramajoe  (Postal ‘s fact of Sending food) pengiriman kerupuk ,with  Ned.Indie 2 cent and Repoeblik Indonesia definitive Java 3 sen stamps(rare collections)

October,10th.1947

(a)The rare document from  Taloe(Pasaman west sumatra,remeber the song orang Taloe oslan husein,the populer song) , with the official stamped “Kepala Polisi taloe pemerintah Repoeblik indonesia”(the  taloe’s chief of Police )

(b) Postal used homevard postcad with  15 cent repoeblik Indonesia ddefinif stamp,CDS Toeban 10.10.47 to Yohyakarta with sencored Telah ditilik ,

the same  leter with  2x 5 sen stampsto yogjakarta with sencored telah ditilik .

 and the used Dai nippon money order with Reppoeblik Indonesia java definitf stamps(mint),

The unused Kartoepos Amal 10 sen  berlakoe sampai akhir 1947.

October,20th.1947

The Ned,indie letter sheet postal stationer karbou 7 1/2 cent send from manado to Batavia-central. the letter information:

Koja Manado,20 Oktober 1947,

Zus, Broer (brother) en Kinderen (son).

At the time of writing usrat, then nyamanlah all of us here. Please also exist applies to all of you. That Pakket we’ve received correctly, we say many thanks for Zus and B Roer (Sister and Brother) got the shipment, especially for Ade and Boeti already working on it. We’ve heard of us had a sister, mother, and Naomi, that they had a cruise on Broer dirumah.Berikut Zus and they’ve talked about and Broer zus had their reception at which they would not have time to respond. Also we’ve heard from them, that there is no liquor Tjap Tikoes (Sopi), sedangkankamu love and together we are trying to send by mail gin stamp tikoes pakket.Semua were five bottles (Vier flesh) and divided in two pakket , because  pakket post should not be more than 5 kg, Bergubung with applicable regulations (uitoveer Ordinance) which sterke dronken (liquor) verbodden zij (forbidden) to be sent from here (voor de uitvoor), we were just saying it sent obart . We hope that pakket was not damaged until the middle of the road and you correctly, because the packaging is strong enough (ERG is het verpakken lastig). no longer know the central office pospakket, if they do send it on. Just for this first. bvanyak respect from us all en veel zontjes (lots of kisses) for Adi, Boeti and Robby from Anis (A look at Koja Tondano Manado)

original letter:

Zus, Broer(kakak) en kinderen(putra).

Pada waktu menulis usrat,maka nyamanlah kami semua disini. Harap juga itu ada berlaku pada kamu semua. Itu Pakket kami sudah terima dengan betul,kami ucapkan banyak terima kasih atas Zus dan B roer(Sister and Brother) punya kiriman, terutama untuk Ade dan Boeti yang sudah mengusahakannya. Kami sudah dengar dari kami punya adik, Ibu dan Naomi, bahwa mereka sudah pesiar pada Zus  dan Broer dirumah.Berikut mereka sudah bicarakan tentang zus dan broer punya penerimaaan pada mereka, yang mana mereka tidak sempat membalasnya. Juga kami sudah dengar dari mereka,bahwa disana tidak ada minuman keras Tjap Tikoes(Sopi) ,sedangkankamu suka sekali dan bersama ini kami ada coba kirim sopi cap tikoes melalui pos pakket.Semua itu ada lima botol(vier flesh) dan dibagi pada dua pakket,menginggat pos pakket tidak boleh lebih dari 5 kg,Bergubung dengan peraturan yang berlaku(uitoveer ordonantie) yang mana sterke dronken(minuman keras)  verbodden zij(dilarang)  untuk dikirim dari sini(voor de uitvoor), kami cuma bilang yang dikirim obart saja. kami harap bahwa pakket itu tidak rusak  ditengah jalan dan sampai pada kamu dengan betul, sebab pembungkusnya cukup kuat(het verpakken is erg lastig). tidak tahu lagi si pusat kantor pospakket , jika mereka buat kirim terus. Sekadar ini dahulu. hormat bvanyak dari kami semua en veel zontjes(banyak cium) untuk Adi,Boeti dan Robby dari Anis (J mandang KOja Tondano Manado)

October.22th.47

The Populer Shop Pasar Baroe 93 batavia centrum promotuion card Projector Keystone  send to Semarang with NICa USA printing stamps 5 cent.

October,24th,1947

(a)Haji agus salim arrived at Jogya from visiti the UNO meeting, and he and Presiden soekarno  and unidentified persons (two photos)

(b) President Soekarno and Repoeblic Menistry islamic  Idul Adha prayed at Alon-alon Djokja

October,29th.1947

The Good Office Commision(from UNO?) arrived at Jakarta

October,30th.1947

The postally used homemade card from Repoblic indonesia area CDS Toeban on Java definitive repoeblic stamps 15 sen. and other card from Toeban to the same address with 2×5 sen java repoeblic definitive stamps(date not clear)

The Java repoblic Indonesia definitive stamps on Dai Nippon Money order but not send,the stamp still mint unsued on that Money order

October,31th.1947

The rare document Of  repoeblic Indonesia State ‘s Police Taloe(Polisi PAM) ,Pasaman west sumatra(remember the song Urang Taloe,sung by Oslan Husein, the famous minagkabau singer)

November

the picture  Hemangkubuwono and other Repobic Indonesian leader Sembahyang- idul adha praying at  Alon-alon Yogjakarta(photo)

November,8th.1947

on this day ,two years  anniversary of  Masjoemi party  at Yogja

November,13th.1911

on this day Prof.Graham  from KTN at Yogja and guided by Haji Agus salim for meet presiden sukarno ( three photos)

Court Du Bois from KTN visit Bung Hatta

Sjafruddin Prawiranegara visir the opening of Sugar Factory “Padokan” ( five photos)

November,17th.1947

The Vice prime menistery RI Wondo Amiseno joined teh anniversary of International student day at Kepatihan Yogjakarta,look the antique lamp there (two photos)

Nopember,21th.1947

Republic Indonesia and The Dutch fereaal government , didnot have “mufakat”agreement  where to get the meeeting, that is why the  American Renville Ship which landed berlabuh at Java sea, were prepared for the meeeting.

November,22th.1947

(a)The first used on complete  document(legalized  use the gourvernment House at biaro stereet bukittinggi), local sumatra  repoeblik Indonesia Rp.75.-, legalized  and sign by the chief of Bukittinggi postal office,Mr  T.Sahib with rare oval official   KANTOR POS BOEKITTTINGGI” WITHOUT REPOEBLIK INDONESIA

(b)The Advententie number of newpaper send from Batavia centrum to Surabaia via airmail,PER LUCHPOST STAMPED.

12.December

The KTN meeting between Repoeblic delegation and Dutch delegation atYogja

 and after the meet Haji Agus salim interview by foreign journalist(who is she? please who know tell me via comment)

December,1st.1947

The Surabaya Jurnalisticgraduate  course “ijazah”

Ijazah kursus Djoenalistik Indonesia Soerabia

December,3th.1947

The Old Karbauw type Ned Indie 3 1/2 cent Postal statione card send from Batavia centrum to Tjilere Kilometer 43,5 Pengalengan Bandung, with the letter handwritten :

Request brother, please do not be discouraged her, I am going to endeavor again to meet demand in-law’s. About our brothers and Hoesein CASH whether she? Now there is also a send vegetables from Budi, 2 times a week to Senen Market for trading, the market, often also datang.Oey Lay Emen May each week send BOOL 5 tons. If the law had come once to tjobalah Pasar Senen so we talked to set our steps. lot to be asked after so long no see, hope everything is in a state of good health to you later. Bistok, Sitoemorang and families that others may survive. Reverend send tabe (respect) many-banyak.on  7 / 11 1947 the then Lord encouraging in our homes because of one boy who came (born) in a state so his mother . we healthy .thank you  say many of his grace. Please come pray that this child for God’s good behavior and all of us. Horas Be Macklon, Kernolog street 16 Batavia centrum (Central Jakarta).

original letter

Permintaan saudara ,harap jangan ber kecil hati , saya akan ber ikhtiar lagi memenuhi permintaan ipar itu. Tentang saudara kita KAS dan Hoesein apakah kabarnya ? Sekarang ada juga yang kirim sayur dari Budi, 2 kali seminggu ke Pasar Senen untuk diperdagangkan,dipasar tersebut, Emen sering juga datang.Oey Lay May setiap minggu kirim BOOL 5 ton. Kalau ipar sempat tjobalah datang sekali ke Pasar Senen supaya kita berbincang mengatur langkah kita. banyak sekali yang akan ditanyakan sesudah begitu lama tak bertemu,harap semuanya dalam keadaan sehat-sehat saja sampai ketemu lagi. Bistok,Sitoemorang dan keluarga yang lain-lain semoga selamat. Pendeta kirim tabe(hormat) banyak-banyak.Pada rtanggal 7/11 1947 yang lalu Tuhan mengembirakan di rumah kita karena satu anak lelaki yang datang(lahir) dalam keadaan sebat begitu juga ibunya.Kita ucapkan banyak terim akasih atas rahmatNYA. Harap ikut mendoakan supaya anak ini baik tingkah lakunya bagi Tuhan dan kita semua. Horas Be Macklon,Jalan Kernolog 16 Batavia centrum(jakarta Pusat).

December,5th.1947

the used block four local sumatra revenue f,25, the rate became up from F.75 to f.100,0 this info means devaluation i  Indonesia. othe date 20.12.47. (other collection look in 1948)

December,7th.1947

 The Renville Meeting on the ship (four photos)

the meeting between  RI goevernment with  consulair commission member at yogja (one photo)

December 8th.1947

(a)Dutch and Indonesian representatives meet on board the U.S.S. Renville, a U.S. Navy transport stationed in the Philippines, which was moved Jakarta harbor for the talks.

(b) The rare postally used cover  send by registered airmail from Canada 8.12.47 to Semarang Dutch East Indie . with  semarang account sencored and at the back arrival CDS Semarang 13.12.47, and with Bonne sante cinderella to affix the cover.

The Tobacco tax  Indonesia 1.70 Rp on Lilitary blend tobacco box  An justijn Tabak My Amsterdam Batavia(rare tobacco label collection)

December,9th.1947

The Letter of Repoeblik Indonesia”Balai Harta Peninggalan” soerakarta witn official stamped

December 25 th.1947

Dutch create state of East Sumatra.

the school report from pergueran taman siswa tjabang teluk betung.1946-1947  . at back andeel tasman siswa tahun 1937  .          

 

  .  

 

.          

 

  .       .               .  

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

The Postal And Document History Of United States Republic Indonesia 1950(Postal Histori RIS Bagian Kedua)

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

                    Please Enter

                   

              DIRWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Indonesia Independent Revolution And War   Cybermuseum)

Showcase:

The Official RIS Airforce airfiled at Pajakumbuh,West sumatra,near Kalumbuk,now didnot exist anymore (very Rare document,courtecy XDr Iwan Suwandy)

The Postal And Document History of RIS(Republik Indonesia Serikat) 1950 Chronologic  Historic Collections Based On Dr Iwan Collections.

(The complete Collections Exist Only for Premium Member.please subscribed Via Comment.)

A. Prolog RIS 1949 (the complete Info look RIS 1949 part one)

1.December ,(27th-31th)

1). 27 Desember 1949

1)Upacara Serah terima tanggung jawab Pemerintah dari Pemerintah Belanda diwakili Dr HJ Lovink  kepada Indonesia diwakili  oleh Menteri Pertahanan Hemangkubuwono,Menteri Negara Mr Roem,Menteri Dalam Negeri Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung dan Menteri Sosial Mr Kosasih Purwanegera dan  Pemerintah Belanda mengakui Kedaulatan  RI.

Ceremonial handover of responsibility from the Government of the Netherlands Government was represented Dr. HJ Lovink to Indonesia was represented by Minister of Defense Hemangkubuwono, Minister of State Mr. Roem, Minister of the Interior Ideas Anak Agung Gde Agung and Social Services Minister Mr Kosasih Purwanegera and the Dutch Government recognizes sovereignty of Indonesia

(

.

2).December,29th.1949

The cover postal history sent from Tanjung Pandan Belitung CDS 29.12.1949 to Padang, using stamps queen Wihelmina 10 cents and 17 1 / 2 cents, and print on overlapping Indonesia Wilhelmina stamps 15 cents, (this collection is very rare because it is the last use of the Dutch East Indies stamps after the recognition of sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia as RIS, who discovered the use of similar stamps after  this date please deign to give information through the following comment, thank you from Dr. Iwan suwandy)

3).December,31th.1949

Today is the last day of the collection of the Indonesian National Army troops Siliwangi Division (West Java) based on a warrant Siliwangi Division No. 162/49 dated 10.12.1949, signed by the staff of Commander of Division IV kwartier Siliwangi Colonel Sadikin, fotkopi see the letter below

 

Indonesia photo above the national army trucks returning to the capital of Indonesia Jakarta and the Indonesian National Army photo after arriving in the capital Jakarta

4).The Unique Postal History From Dutch in 1949(date not clear)

Postcards from KIVTLV (Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Taal Land en Volkunde Hague) which has been crossed out Ned Van. Indie (from the Dutch East Indies), so they had to admit kedaulatann Affairs and the Dutch East Indies was over, sent to Amsterdam to pay a contribution L.Ch.Damais F.15 .- as a member of the Institute. (Postcards of this very historic because this honorable body of newgeri Netherlands has recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia, unfortunately pengirman date is not clear because as stamped roller system. If the collector has a similar collection please provide the information through the following comments, thanks from Dr. Iwan Suwandy)

 B.RIS 1950 .

1.1950 (Jan-August)

1)Letnan Kolonel H. Daan Jahja lahir di Padang Panjang, 5 Januari 1925. Beliau seorang yang sederhana tapi sangatlah tegas dalam bertindak dan berjiwa kepemimpinan.
Pada umur 23 tahun, beliau menjadi Panglima Divisi Siliwangi, Jawa Barat. Beliau juga pernah menjabat jadi Gubernur Militer(Gubmil) Jakarta pada tahun 1950, yang pada waktu itu usia beliau masih 25 tahun dan pangkatnya Letnan Kolonel TNI.
Dalam tugasnya ketika menjabat jadi Gubmil Jakarta, beliau menghadapi banyak masalah dalam masyarakat, seperti aksi Kapten Westerling yang mau merebut kekuasaan negara karena tidak menerima kenyataan penyerahan kedaulatan oleh Belanda kepada Indonesia tanggal 27 Desember 1949. Aksi Westerling ditumpas.
Selain itu, pada awal 1950, Jakarta menghadapi berbagai masalah administratif dalam proses pembalikkan pemerintahan Jakarta kepada pola Indonesia, bukan Belanda. Daan Jahja sebagai administrator berhasil melaksanakan proses pengindonesiaan.
Pada usia 23 tahun, beliau sudah menjadi redaktur pimpinan surat kabar nasional, beliau membawahkan 40 orang wartawan yang dimana beberapa dari mereka lebih tua dari beliau.
Letkol H.Daan Jahja wafat pada tanggal 20 Juni 1985 tepat pada saat Idul Fitri 1405 sepulang beliau dari Masjid Sunda Kelapa setelah melaksanakan sholat Idul Fitri.

Lieutenant Colonel H. Daan John was born in Padang Panjang, January 5, 1925. He is a simple but very firmly in the act and spirited leadership.
At the age of 23 years, he became Commander of the Siliwangi Division, West Java. He also served become Military Governor (Gubmil) Jakarta in 1950, which at that time he was 25 years of age and rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
In his role as serving so Gubmil Jakarta, he faces many problems in society, such as Captain Westerling action that would seize state power because it did not accept the handover of sovereignty by the Netherlands to Indonesia on December 27, 1949. Westerling crushed action.
In addition, in early 1950, Jakarta faces a variety of administrative problems in the process of reversal to the pattern of governance Jakarta Indonesia, not Dutch. Daan Jahja as an administrator to successfully implement pengindonesiaan process

 
 

 2)Raymond Westerling APRA

 
Raymond Westerling
Born August 31, 1919(1919-08-31)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)
Died November 26, 1987(1987-11-26) (aged 68)
Purmerend, The Netherlands

Raymond Pierre Paul Westerling (31 August 1919 – 26 November 1987), nicknamed the Turk, was a Dutch military officer. He waged a bloody occupation campaign in Sulawesi during the Indonesian National Revolution after the Second World War, and staged a coup d’état ‎ ‎ in Bandung and Jakarta in January 1950

 

 

Raymond Pierre Paul Westerling (31 Agustus 1919 – 26 November 1987), dijuluki si Turki, adalah seorang perwira militer Belanda. Dia melancarkan kampanye pendudukan berdarah di Sulawesi selama Revolusi Nasional Indonesia setelah Perang Dunia Kedua, dan melancarkan kudeta di Bandung dan Jakarta pada bulan Januari 1950
 
 

 
Westerling lahir di Istanbul, Kekaisaran Ottoman, sebagai anak dari seorang ayah Belanda dan ibu Yunani. Selama Perang Dunia Kedua, Westerling akan bergabung dengan Kerajaan Hindia Belanda Tentara dan menerima pelatihan di Inggris. Setelah Perang, Westerling akan dikirim ke Hindia Belanda untuk menekan Republik Indonesia. Pada bulan November 1946, pemerintahan Belanda soutern Sulawesi sedang terhalang oleh gerilyawan Republik lokal yang terlatih di Jawa. Sebagai Kapten Depot Pasukan Khusus (DST), Westerling diperintahkan sukses meskipun kampanye kontra pemberontakan berdarah untuk menenangkan Sulawesi Selatan [1] KST terdiri sebagian besar tentara pribumi dan merupakan satuan elit KNIL., Dan tak kenal lelah dalam mereka metode menaklukkan penduduk.

Dari Desember 1946 sampai Februari 1947 [2], pasukan Westerling yang akan memanfaatkan taktik teror yang menyebabkan kematian sedikitnya 10.000 orang Indonesia dan penipisan pasukan Republik di wilayah itu. [3] Westerling dituduh menggunakan teknik teror sewenang-wenang termasuk publik eksekusi, yang disalin oleh anti-Republik. Sebanyak 3.000 milisi Republik dan pendukung mereka tewas dalam beberapa minggu. [4] Sebaliknya, Westerling mempertahankan dalam otobiografinya yang hanya 600 kematian terjadi selama masa kampanyenya, menuduh Republik melebih-lebihkan angka [5].

 
Setelah kemerdekaan Indonesia 1949, Westerling diperintahkan kekuatan, Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil (APRA, Legio Ratu Adil) dari Resimen Pasukan Khusus kosong (salah satu penerus dari DSF), dan tentara KNIL. Dia berkolaborasi dengan Federalist Sultan Hamid II dalam pementasan kudeta pada bulan Januari 1950 untuk menggulingkan pemerintahan Sukarno [6]. Buruk direncanakan, kudeta itu gagal dan Westerling harus melarikan diri ke Singapura. [7]

Meskipun pemerintah Indonesia ingin mencoba Westerling pada kejahatan perang [8], Westerling tidak pernah diadili atas tuduhan ini. Dia pindah ke Belanda, di mana dia meninggal di Purmerend pada tahun 1987

Westerling was born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire, as a child from a Dutch father and a Greek mother. During the Second World War, Westerling would join the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army and receive his training in England. After the War, Westerling would be sent to the Dutch East Indies to suppress the Indonesian Republicans. By November 1946, the Dutch governance of soutern Sulawesi was being hindered by local Republican guerillas trained in Java. As a Captain of the Special Forces Depot (DST), Westerling commanded a successful albeit bloody counter insurgency campaign to pacify South Sulawesi.[1] The KST consisted mostly of indigenous soldiers and was an elite unit of the KNIL, and were relentless in their methods of subjugating the population.

From December 1946 to February 1947[2], Westerling’s forces would utilize terror tactics which led to the deaths of at least 10,000 Indonesians and the decimation of the Republican forces in the region.[3] Westerling was accused of using arbitrary terror techniques including public execution, which were copied by other anti-Republicans. As many as 3,000 Republican militia and their supporters were killed in a few weeks.[4] In contrast, Westerling maintains in his autobiography that only 600 deaths occurred during the duration of his campaign, accusing the Republicans of exaggerating the figures.[5]

 

After the 1949 Indonesian independence, Westerling commanded a force, the Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil (APRA, Legion of Ratu Adil) of deserted Regiment Special Forces (one of successors of the DSF), and KNIL soldiers. He collaborated with the Federalist Sultan Hamid II in staging a coup d’état‎ in January 1950 to overthrow the Sukarno government.[6] Poorly planned, the coup failed and Westerling had to flee to Singapore.[7]

Although the Indonesian government wanted to try Westerling on war crimes[8], Westerling never had to stand trial for these allegations. He moved to the Netherlands, where he died in Purmerend in 1987.

3).Sultan Hamid II

The APRA Coup and Unitarianism

On December 17, 1949, Hamid II was appointed by Sukarno to the RUSI Cabinet but held no portfolio. This Cabinet was headed by Prime Minister Mohammad Hatta and included 11 Republicans and five Federalists. This federal government was short-lived due to conflicting differences between the Republicans and the Federalists as well as growing popular support for a unitary state.[4]

Hamid II would subsequently conspire with the former KNIL Captain Raymond Westerling to organize an anti-Republican coup in Bandung and Jakarta. Westerling’s Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil (APRA, Legion of Ratu Adil) comprised elements of the KNIL, the Regiment Special Forces, the Royal Netherlands Army and several Dutch nationals including two police inspectors. On 23 January 1950, APRA overwhelmed the small RUSI garrison and occupied parts of Bandung until they were driven away by reinforcements under Major General Engels.[1]

On 26 January 1950, elements of Westerling’s forces infiltrated Jakarta as part of a coup d’état to overthrow the RUSI Cabinet. They also planned to assassinate several prominent Republican figures including the Defense Minister Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Secretary-General Ali Budiardjo. However, they were intercepted and forced to flee by Indonesian military forces. Meanwhile, Westerling was forced to flee to Singapore and APRA had ceased to function by February 1950.[1]

Evidence from arrested co-conspirators led to the incarceration of Hamid II on April 5. By April 19, Hamid II had confessed to his involvement in the botched Jakarta coup and to planning an abortive second attack on Parliament scheduled for February 15. Due to the presence of RUSI troops, the attack was aborted. The role of the Pasundan government in the coup led to its dissolution by February 10, further undermining the federal structure. By late March 1950, Hamid’s West Kalimantan was one of the four remaining federal states in the United States of Indonesia.[1]

Hamid’s role in the coup led to increased agitation in West Kalimantan for its integration into the Republic of Indonesia. Following a fact-finding mission by the Government Commission, the RUSI House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly by a margin of 50 to one votes to merge West Kalimantan into the Republic of Indonesia.[5] Following clashes with demobilized KNIL troops in Makassar and the attempted secession of an Ambonese Republic of South Moluccas, the federal United States of Indonesia was dissolved on 17 August 1950, turning Indonesia into a unitary state dominated by the central government in Jakarta.[5]

 

 

1.January 1950

1.Mutati staat Berherder kantor Pos Padang January 1950,Mr Soewil glr dt Bandaro.

2.early january 1950

Kebayoran Meeting  asking Djakarta Federal state to became Republic Indodensia government.(Rapat raksaas di kebajoran menuntut supaya Pemerinatahan federal di Djakarta diganti dengan Pemerintahan republik Indonesia.

Foto the first Jakarta Major sjamsurizal

Foto Lurah didaerah Djakrta Raya di kelurahan Utan Kayu.

.

1) January ,1st.1950

Artikel Perkenalan Bung Assaat sebagai Acting Presiden pada 1-1-50:Kata sambutan yang bersi bebrapa hal yaitu,

(10 reaksi terhadap penyerahan kedaulatan

(2) Perobahan baru psikologis

(3) Untuk sementara RI perlu diberikan kedudukanistimewa

(4) Keamanan dan ketentraman harus dikembalikan

(5) Marilah bersama-sama membangung dan memimpin bangsa

2)January,2nd.1950

3)January,3th.1950

The Federal Postcard stationer smelt 5 sen briefcard kartoepos van de afzender  send from Purwokerto CDS 3.1.50 to Natura Magazine Djakarta, the letter that the sender tead at Sin Po newspaper  abaout new Magazine Natura free edition , asking that free magazine.

4)January,13th.1950

Postal used Postcard Statione numer smelt 5 cent sedn from CDS Semarang 13.2.50 to Bogor

5)January,15th.1950

(a) undang-undang darurat no 1 tahun 1950 tentang penyelenggaraan tugas pemerintahan bagi Negara Djawa Timur oleh RIS, untuk daerah Negara Djawa Timur ditetapkan Komisaris Pemerintah.ditanda tangani oleh Presiden republik Indonesia Soekarno, Perdana Menteri RIS Moh.Hatta dan Menteri dalam Negeri RIS Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung.

 6)January,16th.1950

(1) Majalah rajat Republik Indonesia Serikat no .28 tahun kedua.

Inside the magazine :

1) Poster, MATA DUNIA MEMANDAN INDONESIA (THE WORLD EYE LOOKING INDONESIA)

2)PROMOTION lABEL.SABUN TJAP TANGAN,BLUEBAND MARGARINE,LIFE BUOY SOAP

3) article.about Pasundan State and East Timur state(Pemandangan dalam newgeri Pasundan dan Negara Djawa Timur)

7)January,19th.1950

PTT have meeting with TNI at Postoffice Pasar Baru Jakarta, Mr Wongsonegoro joined this meeting (3 pictures)

Januari,21th.1950

(a)Peleburan Bekas Anggota KNIL kedalam Angkatan Bersenjata RIS(APRIS) dan pelaksanaan perseujuan Komperensi Meja Bundar(KMB) dalam bidang militer

(b)On January,20th.1950, Aceh DPR member  were elected.

(c) Lettersheet stationer(postblad-warkatpos) smelt 10 cent send fromk jakarta CDS Djkarta 25.1.50 to the KPM office Djakrta, about information that the KPM(Royat dutch ship) employee was sick and now in CBZ hospital(now RSCM)

January,23th.1950

Kunjungan pertama Presiden Indonesia keluar negeri

January,23th.1950

(1)Bung Karno Visit India

(2)The Cabinet meeting postponed because Bandung was attack by Westerling APRA troops.

(3) The Diploma Of Middle School MULO , Djkarta 23 Jan 1950 issued by DEP. O.K. and W -official stamped.

January 23th.1950

Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved

On 23 January 1950, APRA overwhelmed the small RUSI garrison and occupied parts of Bandung until they were driven away by reinforcements under Major General Engels.[1]

 Januray,24th.1950

The member of Aceh province ‘s DPR were “diresmikan” by Gouvernur Tgk M.Daud Beureuh at Kutaraja. after the meeting, annouced that all gouvernment commisaris at sumatra were dismissed(diberhwntikan), and “diangkat” again to be Gouvernur of South Sumtara and Middle sumatra . but except (kecuali) Nort Sumatra Gouvernment comissaris SMAmin  because North sumatra Province divided into two part, and will pointed another gouvernur. In 1950 Mr.SM Amin was pointed to be the “PANITIA PELEBURAN NEGARA SUMATREA TIMUR”  by Internak affair menistry.

January,26th.1950

On 26 January 1950, elements of Westerling’s forces infiltrated Jakarta as part of a coup d’état to overthrow the RUSI Cabinet. They also planned to assassinate several prominent Republican figures including the Defense Minister Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX ,look his picture during meeting with Let.Col. AU Dr Kornel Singawinata, Ali Budiardjo and Let.Col.AD Daan Jahya discusing about that situation.

and Secretary-General Ali Budiardjo. However, they were intercepted and forced to flee by Indonesian military forces.Therefore, the above situation held a curfew from 22:00 to 5:00 hours. Pengrebekan area of rice fields, fighting the TNI-APRA, also performed at the office telephone pengrebekan weapon so it can be seized and 20 people were arrested

13) January,27th.1950

The first payment of RIS officials starting from the DKA(Railways officers ?)

14) January,29th.1950

Jendral Soedirman wafat(Soedirman dies)

15)January ,30th.1950

the Federal Indonesia  fee revenue (loonzegel) nomial 25 gld used without overprint(off document)

2.February ,1950

Dr Adnan Kapau Gani dari Desember 1948 sampai Februari 1950 menjabat Gubernur Militer Daerah Sumatera bagian Selatan.

1)February,2nd.1950

Presiden Sukarno came back to Jakarta from his visit to India.

2)February,7th,1950

Lembaran negara tentang  Penyelengaranan  tugas pemerintahan di Pemerintah negara Sumatera selatan

 3) February,9th.1952

The rare  flag and waves  stamp used on cover send intern  Jogja city(may be CTO)

Perforated copies are probably proof since they didnot appear in used condition. This unperforated stamps remained on sale after the transfer of souverinity in Decemebr,27th.1949 , but 10% of its face value in term of the RIS currency,which was initially at par with the durch guilder, this rule appears to have disregarded in Atjeh and Sumatra,where copies were used at full value on money order during 1950.

3a)February,10th.1950

Due to the presence of RUSI troops, the Westerling APRA troops ‘s attack was aborted. The role of the Pasundan government in the coup led to its dissolution by February 10, further undermining the federal structure

 4)February,12th.1950

Return to sender Official Balai harta peninggalan Semarang free stamp homemade cover send cds Semarang 12.2.50 to Sergenat MNajor Omagma Denpasar bali CDS.14.2.50 .

5)February,15th.1950

 (1)an abortive second attack  by Westerling with  APRA  army on Parliament scheduled for February 15, but didnot succeed and Westerling was forced to flee to Singapore and APRA had ceased to function by February 1950.

(2) Pembubaran Parlemen dan Senat RIS

(3) The rare letter sheet (postblad warkat pos) with local indonesia flag and ocean stamp.

6)February,16th.1950

Sidang DPRS(Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Sementara) RIS diruang atas hotel Des Indes.look the related picture:

(a) President Sukarno arrived and went to the meeting room

(b) the first RIS Cabinet in the  meeting room

(c)after the meeting, President sukarno take a picture with the menistry of the first RIS cabinet .

7) February,17th.1950

Pengambilan sumpah anggota Parlemen RIS oleh Presiden Soekarno.

8) February,18th.1950

The very rare postally used local postcard with  Indonesia flag and ocean  2 x 100 sen.

 9)February,21th.1950

Mr Sartono dipilih menjadi ketua senat RIS

February 9

Pasundan government dissolves itself

The Pasundan  State Bookstore “Moestika” Tjitjoeroeg (Pasundan) card(drukwerrk) send from  Tjitjoeroeg west java (still used the name of Pasundan stae) to surabaya,promotional book selling.with RIS overprint on smelt  1 sen and without ovpt RIs smelt 4 sen(Rare Pasundan state cover during RIS)

.9)February 22

Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport

10) February,23th.1950

INIRO-rubber isntituut postal stationer card  5 sen send from  CDS Bogor 23.2.50  to Semarang

11) February,24th 1950

Process verbal, Penyerahan/penerimaan Pemrintahan Surabaya berdasarkan penetapan Komado Militer Daerah suarabaja tgl 16 februari 1950 , di surabaya 24 februarui 1950, yang menyerahkan  Residen surabaya Negraa Djawa tImur R.Boediman Rahardjo, yang menerima Reisden Surabaya repubnlik Indonesia S.Pamoedji.

illustrasi serah terima Modjokerto dari bealnda kepada Tentara nasional Indonesia.(two pictures).

3. March 1950

1)March,1st.1950

Postal Used Cover fro CDS Djkarta 1.3.50 to Bukittinggi (west sumatra) used building stamp 15 sen without overfprint. by airmail.

2)March,6th.1950

Petikan daftar Ketetapan  Kepala Pemerintahan RIS Padang dan sekitarnya tentang pemberian uang ganti kerugian berdasarkan uang harian, begitu juga pembayaran selisih  ongkos penginapan di hotel dan wang harian tersebut kepada pegawai yang diperbantukan kepada kita,terhitung 1 april 1950.

3)March 8.3.1950

Postal zstamped CDS Buitenzorg changed to BOGOR on Income Tax .

3)March 9th,1950.

(1)Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.

(2) POSTALLY USED POSTALSTATIONER SMELT 5 SEN FROM Taman Siswa student  MEDAN NEGARA SUMATRA TIMUR ,cds MEDAN 9.3.50.

4)March 13

Rupiah is devalued by one-half.known as Sjafruddin Scissor,left change  with the new Rupiah, and right side change with obligation .

5)March 31

Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM)

 6) March,11th.1950

The Goverment annoucement(Pengumuman pemerintah) 11-3-50 with acting President RIS Assaat.

(1) In accordance with the will of the people, by now have been officially endorsed pengabungan some areas of East Java, Pasundan, Madura, Central Java, fields and Sabang to the republic the Republic of Indonesia denganrasa Indonesia.Pemerintah accept responsibility for it and thus pengabunggan menoper all the rights powers and obligations of these areas.

(2) All regulations and laws applicable in the area are combined, it remains valid, as long as not contrary to the rules and laws of the Republic of Indonesia.

(3) Bureau and government agencies have to walk on, occasionally goverment  wheel should not be stopped.

pegawai Republik Indonesia non-cooperatoten yang belum bekerja supaya segera mendaftarkan diri kepada kepala daerah (Residen atau bupati) yang terdekat,agar dapt disesuaikan penempatnnya kembali.” Hd=”(4) All the employees continue working dlam lapanganntya each> employee non-cooperatoten Republic of Indonesia that has not worked to immediately enroll the head region (Resident or regents) are nearby, so that DAPT penempatannya adjusted return.

(4) All the employees continue working dlam lapanganntya each employee non-cooperatoten Republic of Indonesia that has not worked to immediately enroll the head region (Resident or regents) are nearby, so that DAPT penempatannya adjusted return.

(5) the Governor of the republic of Indonesia, to run the government and take actions as a representative and on behalf of the republic of Indonesia Pemewrintah Center regarding matters that are not included Pemerintha RIS affairs or matters that do not include duties atay intansi service that is maintained directly by the Central Government Republic of Indonesia cq related  ministers or ministries.

(6) The Government of the Republic of Indonesia believes that each person will feel as duty unrtuk assist the government of the Republic of Indonesia preformance efforts to maintain security and public peace and abstain from tindakan who  violate actions against  the law.

(7) Instructions to government officials will soon follow.

CABINET PROGRAM RIS

(1) holding hands in order to transfer power across the nation Indonesia Indonesia happen carefully, seek KNIL reorganization and the formation of armies and the return of Dutch Army RIS kenegrinya preformance time as soon as possible.

(2) holding public tranquility, order preformance the shortest possible time guaranteed validity and enforceability of basic democratic rights were human rights and freedom

(3) Provide preparation for a legal basis, the way how people express his will according to the principles of the constitution of RIS and holding elections for a constituent

(4) Trying to improve people’s economic situation, financial circumstances, transportation, housing and health, made preparations for social security and employment back into the community, held a regulation on minimum wages, government control over economic activity so that activity terujud to the prosperity of the people entirely.

(5) Improving the college in accordance with the purposes of the Indonesian people and awaken national cultural center, intensify the eradication of illiteracy among the public.

6) Menyelesaikan West Irian question in this year also by peaceful

7) Running a foreign policy that strengthens the position of the RIS in the international world by strengthening the ideals of world peace and nation-bangsa.Memperkuat persaudaraan nexus moral, political and economic anaaaaaatra southeast Asian countries, political Running preformance Union in order that the Union is useful for RIS RIS.Berusaha interest to become a member of the United Nations (UN

(1) Sesuai dengan kehendak rakjat,dengan resmi sekarang telah disahkan pengabunggan beberapa daerah yaitu Djawa Timur,Pasundan,madura,djawa tengah,padang dan sabang kepada republik Indonesia.Pemerintah Republik Indonesia denganrasa tanggung jawab menerima pengabunggan itu dan dengan demikian menoper segala hak kekuasaan dan kewajiban daerah-daerah tersebut.

(2) Semua peraturan dan undang-undang yang berlaku didaerah yang digabungkan itu,tetap berlaku,selama tidak bertentangan dengan peraturan dan undang-undang Republik Indonesia.

(3) Jawatan dan Instansi pemerintah harus berjalan terus,roda pemerintahabn sekali-kali tidak boleh terhenti.

(4) Segenap pegawai melanjutkan pekerjaan dlam lapanganntya masing-masing>pegawai Republik Indonesia non-cooperatoten yang belum bekerja supaya segera mendaftarkan diri kepada kepala daerah (Residen atau bupati) yang terdekat,agar dapat disesuaikan penempatnnya kembali.

(5) Gubernur republik Indonesia,menjalankan pemerintahan dan mengambil tindakan-tindakan sebagai wakil dan atas nama Pemewrintah Pusat republik Indonesia mengenai soal-soal yang tidak termasuk urusan Pemerintha RIS atau soal-soal yang tidak termasuk tugas jawatan atay intansi yang diurus langsung oleh Pemerintah Pusat Republik Indonesia c.q. Menteri atau kementerian yang bersamngkutan.

(6) Pemerintah Republik Indonesia yakin, bahwa tiap-tiap orang akan merasa sebagai kewajibannya unrtuk membantu usaha pemerintah Republik Indonesia dalm menjaga keamanan dan ketentraman umum dan menjauhkan diri dari tinfdakan yang menyalahi hukum.

(7) Instruksi kepada para pejabat pemerintahan akan segera menyusul.

PROGRAM KABINET RIS

(1) Menyelengarakan supaya pemindahan kekuasaan ketangan bangsa Indonesia diseluruh Indonesia terjadi  dengan saksama,mengusahakan reorganisasi KNIL dan pembentukan angkatan perang RIS dan pengembalian Tentara Belanda kenegrinya dalm waktu yang selekas-lekasnya.

(2) Menyelengarakan ketentraman umum,supaya dalm waktu yang sesingkat-singkatnya terjamin berlakunya hak demokrasi dan terlaksananya dasar hak manusia dan kemerdekaannya

(3) Mengadakan persiapan untuk dasar hukum,cara bagaiman rakyat menyatakan kemauannya menurut azas-azas Undang-undang dasar RIS dan menyelengarakan pemilihan umum untuk konstituante

(4) Berusaha memperbaiki keadaan ekonomi rakyat,keadaan keuangan,perhubungan ,perumahan dan kesehatan,mengadakan persiapan untuk jaminan sosial dan penempatan tenaga kembali kedalam masyarakat ,mengadakan peraturan tentang upah minimum,pengawasan Pemerintah atas kegiatan ekonomi agar kegiatan itu terujud kepada kemakmuran rakyat seluruhnya.

(5) Menyempurnakan perguruan tinggi sesuai dengan keperluan masyarakat Indonesia dan membangunkan pusat kebudayaan nasional ,mempergiat pemberantasan buta huruf dikalangan masyarakat.

6) Menyeledsaikan soal Irian barat dalam setahun ini juga dengan jalan damai

7) Menjalankan politik luar negeri yang memperkuat kedudukan RIS dalam dunia internasional dengan memperkuat cita-cita perdamaian dunia dan peresaudaraan bangsa-bangsa.Memeprkuat perhubungan moril,politik dan ekonomi anaaaaaatra negara-negara Asia tenggara,Menjalankan politik dalm Uni agar supaya Uni ini berguna bagi kepentingan RIS.Berusaha supaya RIS menjadi anggota Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa(PBB).

SUMATRA cursory STORY

After the first Aggression, 1947, consists of three provinces, North Sumatra: Aceh, Sumatra and Tapanuli East, Central Sumatra: West Sumatra (Minangkabau), Riau and Jambi, South Sumatra, Palembang, Bengkulu and Lampung. Aggression second after 1948, consisted of four provinces, the capital of Aceh with Kotaraja, Tapanuli / South East Sumatran capital of Sibolga premises, the usual capital of central Sumatra Bukittinggi, Sumatra south as unbelievable (for a while with the state dikurabngi Abdul Malik) with Benkulen capital.

Therefore eastern Sumatra, in the interim become a “State of East Sumatra,” which in walinegarai by Mansjur, then for a while anyway province Tapanuli / South East Sumatra thus use the term nam, Melihjat pent8ingnya position of East Sumatra, also saw a wide area dsn population supposing Negra Sumatran east entrance had dispersed and the Republic, there is likely Tmur Sumatra is a province alone or changing the name of the province of East Sumatran Tapanuli. Sekanjutbnya there are also voices that people prefer to enter the province of Jambi, South Sumatra, it is understood a nd will probably happen menginggat nexus of economics and ethnology jambi nearby residents and the residents sebau Sriwijaya Palembang

Indonesia East sumatra  National Police In 1950

a. MBB – I SUMUT-ACEH AND MBB – I West SumatraKEEPING IN SUMUT SecurityOn the orders of the head of Branch Police Bureau to Sumatra and North Sumatra Police chief MBB-I-Aceh and North Sumatra in order to restore the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia in North Sumatra with the following security division, MBB-I-Aceh in North Sumatra around Medan, Deli Serdang, Langkat Simalungun and Tapanuli while MBB-II West Sumatra, in the Asahan and Labuhan Batu. For the MBB-I North Sumatra – Aceh was Jl.Putri Green Headquarters in Medan Sumatra while the MBB-II in Rantau Prapat.b. Mobile Brigade BIG name change

ACEH, SUMATRA TO COORDINATING

AND INSPECTOR Mobile Brigade

SUMUT-ACEH

1) The Chief of Police signed Letter nopol.: 04, dated July 9, 1951 and the Chief of Police of the No.26 / 1952 XIII dated May 6, 1952 Mobile Brigade in the Reorganization, the Reorganization is on explain to the Central level, the Head of the Mobile Brigade Inspection Bureau State Police at the provincial level, Brigade and Car Inspector Coordinator at the Mobile Brigade Residency Rayon Technical Leader remain the Police Chief Residency.

2) Based on the State Police Chief Warrant and Warrant Chief of Police Mobile Brigade of the Great North Sumatra – Sumatra-Aceh I renamed the Mobile Brigade Inspector Coordinator and North Sumatra-Aceh, in this case the Police Chief of North Sumatra in the meeting appoint a Chief Coordinator Mas Kadiran Inspector Mobile Brigade and North Sumatra-Aceh, but Mas Kadiran humbly declined the nomination. Mas Kadiran propose Mr. M. Nurdin just appointed as the Chief Coordinator and the Inspector-Mobile Brigade of Aceh and North Sumatra as Vice Kadiran Mas, Mas Kadiran advice received and approved at the meeting then out the Decree of the appointment of M. Nurdin as the Commander and Deputy Commander Mas Kadiran As Coordinator and Inspector Mobile Briigade North Sumatra – Aceh.

3) Coordinating Mobile Brigade Inspector of North Sumatra-Aceh have the power of 8 Company and each resident:

a. Headquarters Brigade Inspector Coordinator based in North Sumatra-Aceh, Medan Jl. Princess Green

b. 5129 Company Based in Medan

c. 5132 Company Based in Binjai

d. Company Based in P. Siantar 514

e. 5140 Company Based in Sibolga

f. 5134 Company Based in T. High

g. 5164 Company Based in B. Aceh

h. 5272 Company Based in T. Hall

i. 5378 Company Based in Makorins Mobrig Sumatra – Aceh.

 Assign KADIRAN MAS IN IN SULAWESI AND KALIMANTAN (uprising DI / TII)

SUMATRA SEPINTAS CERITA

Sesudah Agresi pertama 1947,terdiri dari tiga propinsi ,Sumatera utara:aceh,sumatra Timur dan Tapanuli, sumatera Tengah: Sumatra barat(minangkabau),Riau dan jambi, Sumatera selatan,palembang,bengkulu dan lampung. setelah Agresi kedua 1948, terdiri dari 4 propinsi, Aceh dengan ibukota Kotaraja,Tapanuli/sumatra Timur Selatan denga ibukota Sibolga, Sumatra tengah seperti biasa ibukota Bukittinggi, Sumatra selatan seperti baisa (buat sementara dikurabngi dengan daerah negara Abdul Malik) dengan ibukota Benkulen.

Oleh karena Sumatra timur,buat sementara dijadikan “Negara Sumatra Timur” yang di walinegarai oleh Mansjur,maka buat sementara pula propinsi tapanuli/Sumatra Timur selatan memakai istilah nam demikian, Melihjat pent8ingnya kedudukan Sumatera Timur,juga melihat lebar daerah dsn jumlah penduduknya andai kata Negra sumatra timur sudah bubar dan masuk Republik,ada kemungkinan besar Sumatera Tmur merupakan propinsi tersendiri atau berobah nama yaitu propinsi sumatra Timur Tapanuli. Sekanjutbnya ada juga terdengar suara-suara bahwa penduduk Jambi lebih suka masuk propinsi Sumatera Selatan, hal ini dimengerti dn mungkin akan terjadi menginggat perhubungan ekonomi dan etnologi penduduk jambi dekat dan sebau dengan penduduk sriwijaya palembang.

STATE CREATION Van Mook.

Sumatra is also not left out of employment ahsil van Mook, on 12 July 1947 Van Mook has set the establishment of the Council of farts, belitung Council, and Council Raiu the islands = islands located in the Strait of Malacca, on the eastern island of Sumatra carelessness proved by van Mook wearing the name of the term “Board of Riau,” while in that time vasteland Riau (Riau mainland) with ibunegeri Pakanbaru included in the Riau archipelago republic that lies just in the malacca straits with the mother country that dimasas P8inang cape Dutch called “Riau eilandengroep” consists of pulaau Sambu, Bliton, Linga, Singkep, which was directly under keuasaan Republic.

In addition to these Board-Small Dewan , east dipesisir established anyway: “The State of East Sumatra,” although the north and the south east of Sumatra is still dominated by Republican State namum also used the term eastern Sumatra. The term “southern Sumatra” means termnasuk Bengkulu, Lampung and Palembang. (Essay Noto Sutardjo)

NEGARA CIPTAAN VAN MOOK.

Juga Sumatra tidak tertinggal dari hasil pekerjaaan van Mook, pada tanggal 12 juli 1947 van Mook telah menetapkan pembentukan Dewan bangka,Dewan belitung,dan Dewan Raiu yaitu pulau=pulau yang terletak di Selat Malaka ,disisi timur pulau sumatra>Kecerobohan van Mook ini ternyata dengan dipakainya nama istilah “Dewan Riau” sedangkan dalam waktu itu vasteland Riau(Riau daratan) dengan ibunegeri Pakanbaru termasuk dalam daerah republik hanya kepulauan Riau yang terletak di selat malaka dengan ibu negeri tanjung P8inang yang dimasas Belanda disebut “eilandengroep Riau” terdiri dari pulaau sambu,Bliton,Linga,singkep,yang tak langsung berada dibawah keuasaan Republik.

Disamping Dewan-Dewab kwcil ini, dipesisir timur didirikan pula :”Negara Sumatra Timur” walaupun bagian Utara dan selatan Sumatera timur masih dikuasai Republik namum dipakai juga istilah Negara sumatra timur. Istilah “Sumatra selatan” berarti termnasuk Bengkulu,Lampung dan palembang .(karangan Noto Sutardjo)

7) March,19th.1950

Penguntingan Uang(devaluasi 50%)

8)March,21th.1950

Pemerintah RIS mengangkat R.Soewirjo menjadi Walikota ibukota Federal,Djakarta, dan bekas Walikota Mr.Sastromulyo diangkat menjadi Kepala Bagian Agraria Kementerian Dalam Negeri.

9) March,23th.1950

Legalized of Notariat netherland revenue sheet by  the high comssiariat (Komisaris agung RIS) with hand written revenue F1.- ,

also menister of justive revenue of netherland (only one high comissariat RIS revenue ever seen in the world,who have the same please report via comment)

9a)March,25th.1950

a)the resultant (report) of First Menistry conference of Nederland -Indonesa Unie  Jakarta 20 Maat-1 april 1950.

The list of RIS menistry during the conference: leader odf delegatie Moh Hatta, Defense menistry Hemangkubuwono,Menistry of finance Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, Menister van Welvaar Ir Djuanda, Menister of PU-Verkewer,Energi,opbouw en waterstaat Ir Laoh, Menteri negara Dr Suparmo and Komisaris tinggi(hooge Commisariat van RIS) Mr Mohammad Roem.

and list of Netherland.

b) Postally used letter sheet stationer Posblad warkat pos 10 sen add 2x building stamp rp.15, and 2x smelt 5 sen stamp (rate 50 sen) express from cds Parakan 25.3.50 to Bogor.

10)March,26th.1950

Konperensi Tingkat Menteri daolam rangka Uni Indonesia Belanda

11)March,29th.1950

Penyumpahan R.Suwirjo sebagai Walikota Djakarta oleh Menteri dalam Negeri.

dan foto kantor walikota jakarta di jalan medan merdeka 9 jakarta..

12) March,30th.1950

Postally Used Postal  stationer card  5 sen send from CDS Bojonegoro 30.3.50 to Djakarta CDS 3.4.50

4)Late March 1950

By late March 1950, Sultan Hamid’s West Kalimantan was one of the four remaining federal states in the United States of Indonesia.[1]

Hamid’s role in the coup led to increased agitation in West Kalimantan for its integration into the Republic of Indonesia. Following a fact-finding mission by the Government Commission, the RUSI House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly by a margin of 50 to one votes to merge West Kalimantan into the Republic of Indonesia.

4.April 1950

1) April,1st.1950

a)Serah terima kekuasaan Gubernur R.A.A. Hilman Djajadiningrat pada Kementerian dalam Negeri dan Pada Walikota Djakarta

b) Daftar Gaji Walikota Padang Dr Rasidin.(Padang Major salary fee)April-Des 1950

2)April,2nd.1950

Ketua Panitia Pemilihan Umum RI menyatakan Djakarta sebagai daerah pemilihan RI

3)April,3th.1950

Postally used Postcard stationer 5 sen send from Bandung CDS 3.4.50 to Bogor,the earliest postal services after Westerling APRA movement. from the capital of Pasundan State.

 3a)April,4th.1950

Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.

4)April,5th.1950

(1)Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.

.  

 

                     

 

  .

(1) Sultan Hamid was fired from State Menistery

(2)Evidence from arrested co-conspirators led to the incarceration of sultan  Hamid II on April 5 

(3) Peristiwan Andi Azis

(4) Postal Identity Card (C7) issued by the Help Postal Office CDS Sidoardjo 5.4.1950  with smelt 10 sen and building 15 sen stamps without overprint RIS(rate 25 sen)

5) April,7th.1950

RIS govermnet send ultimatum to Andi Azis in 2 x 24  hours ,he must  came to Jakarta.

6)April,8th.1950

Express postally used cover send from Rengasdengklok to Jogja,the sender Rahardjo, Corps Pelajar siliwangi,with buliding stamps 3×20 sen (rate 60 sen),rare stip three black 20 sen building stamp.

7)April,9th.1950

Warta OPST issued by OPS secretariat ,Nasional Building Padang Panjang.

8) April,13th.1950

(1)Presiden sukarno” berhasrat” to change the  lapangan Gambir to be “Lapangan Merdeka”(now Monas0 also to change the street name  around it, in the center with statue 70 m like Eifel tower in Paris.

(2) Timbang teria kelurahan dilakukan secara serentak di jakarta untuk menghilangkan dualisme.

(3) Prseiden sukarno said Anoi azis as the rebellion

9)April ,14th, 1950

Dongala road tanjung Priok used Natrium lamps.

10)April,16th.1950

Mandat Bajaran Dari Oeang Kas Poero mangkoenegaran KEPADA ABDI DALAM , dan tanda penyerahan  oleh M.Ng.Sastromarwoto,pengagang kapanowon Reksowahono Mangkoenegaran.

11)April,18th.1950

April 18

RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.

12)April,19th.1950

(1)By April 19, Hamid II had confessed to his involvement in the botched Jakarta coup and to planning an abortive second attack on Parliament scheduled for February 15

(2) Postal Used Postal statiner card 5 sen ,send fro m CDS Republica stamped with NRI off, 19.4.50 to Padang

13) April,25th.1950

 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.

Peristiwa RMS(Repoeblik Maloekoe Selatan)

some ex-Dutch formed army, KNIL (Koninklijk Nederland-Indisch Leger, The Dutch East Indies Army). Many KNIL members were from Eastern people from Sulawesi and Moluccas that generally had closer relationships with Dutch because their more privileges in economy, politics and education during the Dutch colonialism due to their faith, mixed blood and became closely similar habits. Knowing that the new formed Republic of Indonesia would reduce their status than they had before, the insurgency begun by some ex-KNIL members and eastern politician leaders. That ex-KNIL and eastern politician leaders rebel became serious threat to central government in Jakarta with the movement called RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan; Republic of the South Moluccas).

During the eradicating of the RMS immunity, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and Colonel Alexander Evert Kawilarang who in the front line commanding the troops were inspired and amazed by effectiveness and combat ability (especially in men’s sniping) of ex-KNIL members that also helped by KST (Korps Speciale Troepen) during insurgency. They then inspired to build a similar force for Indonesia. However, at that time, neither of the Indonesian commandants had any experience or skill in special operations. (However, Lieutenant Colonel Slamet Riyadi would not see his dream realized due to his death in a battle against the troops of the RMS).

Not long after, with the use of military intelligence, Colonel Kawilarang located and met with Captain Major Rokus Bernardus Visser – a former member of the Dutch Special Forces who had remained in independent Indonesia, settled in West Java, married an Indonesian woman, and was known locally as Mohamad Idjon Djanbi. He was the first recruit for the Indonesian special forces, as well as its first commandant. He later re-positioned to become Major after his request to be at least one rank higher than any his trainee. Due to him, the unit adopted a Red Beret similar to that of the Dutch Special Forces, which is still in use by the present Kopassus.

Ambon 1950

Col. A. E. Kawilarang, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and staffs arrived in Ambon, 1950

Brig. Gen Slamet Riyadi Col. A.E. Kawilarang 1_4d06e516bb4d542b35ae28b87fabfb6b

Brig. Gen. Slamet Riyadi & Col. Kawilarang & Maj. M. Idjon Djanbi

14) April,25th.1950

The Meeting in RIS Prime menistry Secretary Jakarta  between  RI-RIS-NIT,

4. May 1950

1)East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.

2) May,2nd.1950

(1)Tambahan lembaran negara RIS no.18 Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan tentang Pemberian. Obat Bius,obat terdaftar yang ditembuskan kepada berbagai fasilitas kesehatan RIS antara lain(lihat daftar lampiran): Kepala Jawatan Kesehatn Daerah dan Kota Djakarta,Semarang,surabaya,bandung,makasar dan Bandjarmasin. Kantor pusat Persediaan Obat jalan rijswijk no 20 Djakarta, Pimpinan pemberantasan malaria, lembaga kusta,jalan eijkman ,djakarta.lembaga eykman Djakarta,Lembaga makan rakjat djakrta, Gedung Tjatjat dan lembaga pasteur Bandung.Lembaga Ilmu Kesehatan Teknik Bandung.Dinas Pemindahan Darah ,jalan raya Oranye 69 Djakarta.A cting dokter ,pemimpin Rumah sakit Umum Pusat Djakart,Semarang,Surabaya.Dokter Pemimpin Rumah sakit Jiwa”Tjilendek” Bogor,Sumber Porong,Lawang, Dokter Pelabuhan di tanjung Priok,Kepala stasiun Karantina “Onrust”dengan alamt Tuan Doornhang Gambir Utara Dalam 20 Djakarta,Kantor Pusat Pembelian Perbekalan Negara,Bank Rakyat Umum,Palang Merfah Indonesia(PMI) Jalan Sekolah 8 Djakrta.NERKAI Tanah Abang Barat 62 Djakarta.Perkumpulan Dokter-Doketr (Bond van Geneesheren) di Djakarta d/a J.J. Wafelbakker jalan raya Oranye 48 .di Surabaya  d/a jawatan Kesehatan Jawa Timur.Bandung, d/a Kepala bagian kesehatan dari ,Komisariat RIS Djawa barat,Medan.d/a Kepala Bagian Kesehatan dari Departemen Kebudayaan Negara Sumatera Timur, Makassar,d/a Menteri Kesehatan Negara Indonesia Timur(NIT). Perkumpulan Dokter Indonesia (IDI) d/a Dr.Djoened Pusponegoro,jalan Djokja 66.Djakarta.Perkumpulan Dokter Tionghoa,Dokter Gigi dan Ahli Dasar,jalan Alaydrus 56.Djakrta.Perkumpulan Dokter Gigi,pengurus besar Menteng 21,Djakarta. Bond van Apothekers in Indonesia(BAI) sekretariat ,Nona Kooiman,Rumah Obat Samsoen,Pantjoran 32H Djakarta Kota.Perkumpulan ahlimObad(VERAPO-Vereneging de Aphotheker) d/a Rumah Obat Panacea ,Krekot 5 Djakarta. Pusat Kantor Missi(Central Moissie Bureau),Taman van Heutsz 10 Djkarta, Konsulat Zending,Dj. Raya van Heutsz 12 Djakrta, Apotolisch Vicariat Bandjarmasin,Dj.Rei de Han 36. Ondernemersbond van Indie (Indonesia Plantation Bereau)di Djakarta.koleksi ini sangat tinggi nilainya untuk sejarah kesehatan Indonesia.

(2) Postally used Lengkeng Cigaret cover

SEND FROM cds  MALANG 2.5.50 with bigger RIS Flag stamp.

3)May,12th.1950

the rare smelt 10 sen bigger perforation 11 1/2 with the nomral perforation 12 1/2 without perforation  on postally used cover  from CDS Djakrta 12.6.50 to Solo, the bigger perforation 11 1/2 from RIS overprint smelt 10 sen stamps but the RIS off error(very rare stamps,please compare the perforations)

4)May,17th.1950

Postall6y used postcard tsatiobner 5 sen sent from CDS Garut. 17.5.1950, the postal services became normal after the Kartosuwiryo NII movement,he escaped to the jungle but the train still not normal.

5) May,19th.1950

Military governor annouv=cement Forbidden”MOGOK”

 6)May,18th.1950

Lembaran Negara RIS tentang Kesehatan,Perumahan,Makanan dan tarip

Penurunan tjukai temabakau.

Postally used lettersheet-postblad warkatpos 10 sen send from CDS Klaten 18.5.1950 to Jogyakarta .

7)May,20th.1950

(1)Picture postcard Willem Ruys KPM ship ,send via airmail from Djakarta to Den Haag Holland with building 25 sen stamps overprint RIS.

(2) Menistry of RI and RIS  third Conference have persetujuan :

(a) Djakarta -The capital

(b) Hatta-Vice President

(c) DPR consist Parlemen,BP KNIP,Senat and Dewan pertimbnagan agung.

8)May,22th.1950

The postally used cover from CDS Djakrta 22.5.50 to Jogjakarta,used building stamp 15 sen without overprint RIS,this love letter  with feast month greeting(selamat berpuasa)

9)May,25th.1950

(1)Postally used cover from CDS Bandoeng BKT.1 23.5.1950 to Djkarta Raya with RIS flag stamps

(2) MBAD(Army headquaters)  given to RIS’s  Minestry of Defend

5) May,28th.1950

The earliest postally used smelt 10 sen with RIS Overprint and 5 sen without overp[rint send  from Djakarta cds  28.5.50 to semarang,compare with the normal unoverprint 10 sen smelt.there is the different betwen the perforations.

6. June 1950

1)June 4

 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).

2) June,7th.1950

Kunjungan perdana menteri India Sri Pandit Jawharal Nehru

3)June,19th.1950

Private Drukwerk(postalcard) send from cds Banudng 19.6.50 to Jakarta with overprint RIS on smelt 1 sen (rare stamp) and 2 sen(rate 3 sen)

 4)June ,15th,1950

The RS menistry of Justice letter about surat wasiat

4)June,26th.1950

Loonzegel(Wage revenue) 10gld  without overprint ,Federal revenue still used in this day,

4) June,30th.1950

Laporan Hasil-Hasil Pekerdjaan Panitya Bersama RIS-RI,dan Tinjauan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia ataas ususl-Usul Panitia bersama RIS dan RI.:

a) Konstitusi Sementaras Republik Indonesia

b) Usul-Usul Panitia Bersama RIS-RI Mengenai Rentjana Konstitusi Sementara Republik Indonesia

7. July 1950

1)July,1th.1950

(1)Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.

(2) July,1st.1950

the first day of PTT Wage (loon) payed,look the PTT  wage book owner Emoes Madoel, Pembvantu Pengantar Pos9Help Postman) issued by Kantor Besar Pos dan telegram 1-7.50, wage fee  Rp. 78.50 ,

look the chief of the Bigger Postal  and Telegram Office Djakarta Romli.

2)July,10th.1950

The Postal used OLH(openbaar Leeszaal Bibliotheek) Batavia,librabrian jakarta  Card cds  Djakrta 10.7.50 with smelt 3 sen overprint stamps send to Djakarta .the cost 10 cent per book.

 3)July,18th.1950

A letter from Padang Notariat Hasan Qalby with RIS office stamped.

 3)July 20

a)The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded.

As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

b) Free Stamp officla balai harta Peninggalan used cover from cds soerabaja 20.7.1950 to Surabaya, transfer to cds Djakarta 30.7.1950 recieve August 2th 1950 back to sender.

4)July,24th.1950

The State Printing office  RIS Djakarta postcard used cds Djakarta 24.67.50 send to Semarang.

(5) July,20th.1950

The Change of Adress 4 sen card ,postally used airmail with add RIS flag stamps 15 sen send from Makassar to Semarang, the sender move from Jawatan Perairan Negeri (land waterstaat dienst,now PAM) to Dinas Pengairan NIT(Negara Indonesia Timur), (this very interesting and rare card related with NIT-east Indonesia state)

8)August 1950

1) August,5th 1950

Makamah Tentara Jkarta diresmikan oleh makamah Agung ,ketua Mr R.Santoso.

2)August,14th.1950

The 71th  DPR RIS meeting accept the Undang -Undang of (Negara kesatuan Republik Indonesia-NKRI) Unitary State

 3)August,15th 1950

(1)Usaha Kembali kenegara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI) dilancarkan dimana-mana.Diberbagai daesrah  timbul gerakan tersebut.

(20 Presiden sukarno annouced the building of NKRI(Unitary Republik Indonesia )

2)August,17th.1950

17 August  1950

1)New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

2)Following clashes with demobilized KNIL troops in Makassar and the attempted secession of an Ambonese Republic of South Moluccas, the federal United States of Indonesia was dissolved on 17 August 1950, turning Indonesia into a unitary state dominated by the central government in Jakarta

3) PTT Pasar Baru jakarta have made the anniversary of Indonesian Independence day August ,17th.1950 in their office(two pictures)

4)Private Indonasian Independance anniversary card  send from CDS Medan 17.8.50 (may be CTO or fake) to Tebing Tinggi Deli.with RIS Eagle(garuda) stamps.

the same card from CDS Magelang 17.8.50

(5) Peringatan Ulang tahun Kemerdekaan ke 5 di istana Merdeka denga pidato presdien Sukarno berjudul “Jiwa Nasional kita Tetap mambaja”

(6) pembentukan panitia pembelian gedung-gedung bersejarah guna membeli gedung bersejarah di jakarta,dengan ketua Dr R.rosmali.

(6) Pasar malam kenang-kenangan dibuka denganresmi dilapangan merdeka

(7) Dr Iwan yang berumur 5 tahun menyaksikan upacara peringatan ulangtahun kemrdekaan RI di padang, guberbur berpidat berapi-api. dan DR iwan pindah rumah dari kali  kecil ke Jalan gereja no 1 ,rumah yang dibeklli dari orang belanda tuan van thein.(saat ini hotel ambacang yang sudah ambruk,lagi dibangun kembali)

B.The RIS collections used After Indonesia Became Unitary Republic Indonesia  ,in Indonesian language NKRI(Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia)

a. 1950(August-December)1.September 1950

(1) September,4th 1950

Postally used cover from  cds soerabaja 4.9.50 on RIS overprint smelt stamps 1 sen strip three.

(2)September,8th.1950

Return to sender official free stamps homemade cover from balai harta peninggalan semarang to Jatinegara, but not found with two postmarak ” return afzender onbeken” and  Onbekend. Veldpost Batavia.geen adreswijziging door geadreseeth .

2.October 1950

(1) October ,10th.1950

Postally used cover from soerabaja to Sidoardjo with RIS overprint smelt stamps 4 cen.(rare stamp)

(2) October,11th.1950

The Registed postal used cover from Tondano to Djakarta with RIS overprint building 4o cent stamp.

 3.November 1950

 4.december 1950

b. 1951

1.Penemuan Koleksi Langka tjonto prangko jang berlaku di Indonesia dengan stempel tinta violet tjonto (specimen) , oleh kepala kantor pos Bengkulu

Contoh Prangko yang berlaku di Indonesia tahun 1951 termasuk prangko RISprangko RIS Rp.2,-Rp.3.Rp.5 ,-Rp 10.- dan Rp.25. tak dijual diloket,prangko nominal tinggi saat itu langsung dipasang dan di stempel saat pengiriman surat berat atau pospaket.

Koleksi ini hanya baru satu  ditemukan dan dilaporkan, maaf illustrasi kurang jelas,ini disengaja agar tidak di buat palsunya,d an tetap dalam kondisi seperti yang ditemukan di Bengkulu , ini merupakn postal histori sangat langka dan membuktikan bahwa prangko cetak wina tak pernah dijual diloket kantor pos Indonesia,bagi yang memilikinya harap berkenan memberikan informasi liwat comment,terima kasih. Apabila perhimpunan filateli Indonesia atau asia ingin memamerkan koleksi yang sangat langka ini silahkan menghubungi Dr Iwan liwat comment-catatan Dr iwan suwandy)

(the RIS Sample Stamp circulated In Indonesia Until 1951, only one exist in the world,if the Phillatelic Exhibtion want to show this amizing and RRRR collections ,please asked the owner Dr Iwan suwandy via comment.Please donnot tag this collections without the owner permission)

4.April.1951

(1) April,10th.1951

postally used registered homemade cover with RIS overprint building stamps 25 sen,one stamp cutting.

10.OCTOBER 1951

(1) October,24.1950

Postally used cover from  panitia penyelesaian  urusahan pemulihan  jawa tengah semarah cover cds semarang  24,.1o.51 to pekalongan,return to sender witth therare building stamps overprint RIS 30 sen.\

2. 1951

the  rare official Djawatan PTT Padangpandjang cover ,free stamps with official postal office handstamped.(not many cover ,like this found,Dr iwan note)

1.January 1951

(1)January,23th.1951

RIS Priting Office CARD OVERPRINT BLOB INK TO COVER THE ris SEND FROM CDS jAKARTA 23,1.51.

3.Akhir 1951

Dr Adnan Kapau Gani pada akhir tahun 1951 sampai Februari 1952 berada di Holland sebagai anggota Delegasi RI pada perundingan Indonesia-Belanda dari hasil KMB, dan mengenai kedaulatan Irian Barat, tepatnya di kota Den Haag.

c.1952

October,23th,952

The first flight cover from bandung via KOLM to Chile with RIS overprint 30 cent building stamps and sukarno first series stamp RP.1 ,RIS eagle stamps .

1953

PEMBERONTAKAN DI/TII DAUD BEUREUEH

 

DUTII rebellion in Aceh began with a “Proclamation” by Daud bah wa ¬ Aceh is a part of “Islamic State of Indonesia” under Imam Kartosuwirjo on September 20, 1953. Daud had held the position of Military Governor of the Special Region of Aceh as the first Dutch military aggression in the mid-1947. As military governor Gu ¬ he have complete control over defense and security areas of Aceh and to dominate the entire government apparatus ¬ both civilian and military.
As a prominent scholars and former military governor, Daud is not difficult to obtain followers. Daud is also able to persuade officials of the Government of Aceh, especially in the areas of Pidie. For some time Daud and his followers can master most parts of Aceh, including a number of cities.
Then help came from North Sumatra and Central Sumatra, security recovery operations begin. One by one the towns controlled by rebels recaptured. Once pressed from the big cities, Daud continued resistance in the forests.
Final settlement of rebellion by Daud is done by a “Council of People’s Harmony Aceh” in December 1962 at the initiative of Regional Military Commander of the I / Iskandar Muda, Col. M. Jasin. With the return of Daud into society, security in the region of Aceh fully recover

original info :

Pemberontakan DUTII di Aceh dimulai dengan “Proklamasi” Daud Beureueh bah¬wa Aceh merupakan bagian “Negara Islam Indonesia” di bawah Imam Kartosuwirjo pada tanggal 20 September 1953. Daud Beureueh pernah memegang jabatan Gubernur Militer Daerah Istimewa Aceh sewaktu agresi militer pertama Belanda pada pertengahan tahun 1947. Sebagai Gu¬bernur Militer ia berkuasa penuh atas pertahanan keamanan daerah Aceh dan me¬nguasai seluruh aparat pemerintahan baik sipil maupun militer.
Sebagai seorang tokoh ulama dan bekas Gubernur Militer, Daud Beureueh tidak sulit memperoleh pengikut. Daud Beureueh juga berhasil mempengaruhi pejabat-pejabat Pemerintah Aceh, khususnya di daerah Pidie. Untuk beberapa waktu lamanya Daud Beureueh dan pengikut-pengikutnya dapat menguasai sebagian besar daerah Aceh, termasuk sejumlah kota.
Sesudah bantuan datang dari Sumatra Utara dan Sumatra Tengah, operasi pemulihan keamanan segera dimulai. Satu demi satu kota-kota yang dikuasai pemberontak direbut kembali. Setelah didesak dari kota-kota besar, Daud Beureueh meneruskan perlawanannya di hutan-hutan.
Penyelesaian terakhir Pemberontakan Daud Beureueh ini dilakukan dengan suatu “Musyawarah Kerukunan Rakyat Aceh” pada bulan Desember 1962 atas prakarsa Panglima Kodam I/Iskandar Muda, Kolonel M. Jasin. Dengan kembalinya Daud Beureueh ke masyarakat, keamanan di daerah Aceh sepenuhnya pulih kembali

 

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

The complete Collections Exist Only for Premium Member.please subscribed Via Comment.)

January 1950

  January 23Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.January 29 Soedirman dies.  

February 1950

  February 9Pasundan government dissolves itself.February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.  

March 1950

  March 9Negara Sumatra Selatan, Negara Madura, and Jawa Timur dissolve themselves into the Republic.March 13Rupiah is devalued by one-half.March 31 Garuda Airlines is founded (originally as a joint venture with KLM).  

April 1950

  April 4Sultan of Pontianak is arrested for connections with the Westerling plot. RUSI takes over West Kalimantan state.April 5Capt. Andi Aziz, formerly of KNIL, takes control of Makassar. Republic and pro-Dutch forces clash; East Indonesia government is shaken.Minahasa region separates itself from Negara Indonesia Timur and joins the Republic.April 18RUSI forces retake control of Ujung Pandang.”Benteng” program is started to support “pribumi” (native, meaning non-Chinese) businesses. Program lasts until 1957.April 25 Republic of South Maluku proclaimed at Ambon.  

May 1950

  East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur agress to dissolve itself into the Republic of Indonesia on August 17, 1950.  

June 1950

  June 4 Gerakan Wanita Indonesia Sedar or GERWIS is founded, a leftist organization for women (later GERWANI).  

July 1950

  Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku. Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded. As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s.

August 1950

  17 August New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur. There is no more RUSI. Jakarta is the capital of the Republic. The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent.

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War’s Postal And Document History Collections part II in 1946

 

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :Dr Iwan Book Exhibition

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part Two 1946

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 1946

The interesting book written by  A.A.Maramis L.L..D publish by Merdeka Press jakarta 1946:

NO MORE LEGAL POWER OF THE NETHERLANDS IN INDONESIA.

 
Sumatra 1946 ZBL 28 Sheetpart of 30  CANC  VFSumatra 1946 ZBL 32 Sheetpart of 25  CANC  VF
 
Sumatra 1947 ZBL 43 Sheetpart of 14  CANC  VF
 
 

January .1946

ill.no 1. Vintage republic Indonesia callender.
i..(c)Native calender January 1946

Ill, no 3. Republic Indonesia flag 1946 (native Calender 1946 ill.)

ill no 2. The Republic Indonesia First President Sukarno (vintage calender ill)

.Indonesia Calender January 1946 with illustrated The first Indonesian President Sukarno(ill.no 2) with the picture of Mountain and Indonesia National Flag (ill no3) anonim painters. ill. no 4 : The recieved of Kredit money 10 gld(Rp) from Indonesia State  National Cooperation (Koperasi Oesaha Nasional ranting) Kerdjaan Koedoes. This day Koedes occupied by Republic Indonesia.

January,1st.1946

The Dai Nippon Watersupply Billing Djawa Denki Digyo Sha,overprint Soerat Penagihan with coped Oentoek Fonds Kemerdekaan F 0,10(tax for Indonesia Independence Fund) used ad Bajoman

 from Bayeman  with added 0.50 gld(Rp) for Independence Fund (oentoek Fonds kemerdekaan) used old Dai Nippon Form “Djawa Denki Djigyosha  DS” but this char.was surcharge with red color machinal (Nama berbahasa Nippon dicoret dengan garis merah, ini kantor PAM daerah Bayaman ) Who Know where was the Bayaman Village, please informed via comment. 

ill. 1.1.46The Rechieved of native people credit money 10 gld to republic Indonesia national coperation (Koperasi ) village Kerdjaan Koedoes . Koedes central Java official stamped . Many Kreteks cigaret produnction in this city and this day occupied by Republic Indonesia .

January ,3rd.1946

(a)Repoeblic Indonesia ‘s Department of Religion is founded.

(b) Repoeblik overprint kon.10 cent  padang issued 3x 10cent added  Dai nippon sumatera definitive 10 cent stamp(rate 40 cent) , postally used on cover send from  Padang ,pasar gadang street to Indonesian red cross padang

January, 4th.1946

Sukarno and Hatta remove by night to Yogya, leaving Sjahrir and the more pro-negotiations faction in Jakarta.PNI party is reestablished.Persatuan Perjuangan (Union of Struggle) formed by Tan Malaka to oppose the Sjahrir government and negotiations with the Dutch. Soedirman speaks against negotiations and Sjahrir.Barisan Banteng radicals kidnap Pakubuwono XII of Surakarta.

Gajah Mada University founded in Yogya; Sultan offers front portion of Kraton to house it.

Dutch forces occupy Bangka and Belitung.

Indonesia issue is raised in the United Nations for the first time.

Jan.4th. Republic Indonesia President and Vice president moved from Djakarta to Jogyakarta because terror at Djakarta.(Vintage PTIK-Police Science High School journal,1952,compile by Moerdijanto,Candidats PTIK). all the information below from the same journals except the collection belong to Dr iwan S. 

Jan.6th. Purwokerto Meeting,coordinated by Tan Malaka, in this meeting developed the new Native Indonesia Organisation ” PERSATOEAN PERDJOANGAN” ( Unity Struggle) with 143 organiztations an the member. (ibid,PTIK,1952) 

Jan.7th. The name of TKR-Tentara Keamanan Rakjat-People Secure army  was changed to TKR-Tentara Keselamatan Rakjat-People  Safety Army with the same TKR.(ibid.PTIK,1952) 

ll.no.9. Contraversial Letter (cover not found) from Indonesia village(Negeri in west sumatra means village) Book Aquantance examinine to calculate the amont of tax must paid from Village or small city chinese overseas Trader, this official office Padang didn’t mantioned from what government Dutch east indie, Dai Nippon or Republic Indonesia because the Chinese overseas asked to send the Trade account Books from 1939-1941(during Dutch East Indie), 1942-1945 (Duirng Dai Nippon Occupation) and 1945-1946 (during Republic Indonesia nd British Allied occupation) that cann’t sent at August 1945 due to the Independence war situation, This tax belong to what State? please comment, very best Fiscal collection during the War

Jan.15th .1946 

(a)The Chinese overseas Death Certificate issued by The Special Populatian Official Gouverment Stamped (Stempel Pegawai Loear Bias Pencatatan djiwa) Pemalang small city Central Java. 

(b) the original Komite Nasional (National comitee) Loeboek Kilangan west sumatra,with official handchoped, send to Padang Besi(near indarung cement factory near padang city)

Jan.16th. 1946

Van Poll mosion for sent the Dutch parlementair to Indonesia accepted by The second house (tweede Kamer) .(ibid PTIK,1952) 

January,17th.1946

Throughout Indonesia celebrated the birthdays Repoblik Indonesia Yang to 5 months, coinciding with the anniversary of intu in Medan, Sumatra, Ibn city officially opened by the Governor of Sumatra in the hall of Information and viewing the (Board of Information and Investigation). Sumatran Governor in his opening speech Mr. Mohammad hassan Justin, among others said that in 1946 is expected to be a year of development of our Country, where every effort will be coordinated in order to enforce our republic as hard-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi can not be done efficiently if the people were lighting tidka and education about politics, economics and culture at large. Hence Sumatran provincial government has set up this office and is now expected to be emanating from this soon penernagan and advice necessary for us to gain further insight memerkokoh. Demikina also here will be centered all ynag investigation needs to be done on the results of all the propaganda, the investigation of public welfare purposes and intent-intent seta other people of this island of Sumatra. I hope with this office will increase immediately the good mutual understanding between the peoples of Indonesia and a foreign nation that is in Sumatra. Thus the explanation given by the Governor of Sumatra

original info:

Seluruh Indonesia  merayakan umur Repoblik Indonesia Yang ke 5 bulan, bertepatan dengan hari peringatan intu di Medan ,Ibnu kota Sumatera dibuka dengan resmi oleh Gubernur sumatra di balai Penerangan dan Penilikan(Board of Information and Investigation). dalam pidato pembukaan Gubernur sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad hassan antara lain mengatakan ,bahwa tahun 1946 ini diharapkan menjadi tahun pembangunan Negara kita, dimana segala usaha akan dikoordinir guna menegakkan republik kita sekuat-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi ini tidak dapat dilakukan dengan effisien jika rakyat tidka diberi penerangan dan pendidikan tentang soal politik,ekonomi maupun kebudayaan secara luas. Oleh karena itulah pemerintah Propinsi sumatra telah mendirikan kantor ini dan kini dari sinilah diharapkan akan memancar segara penernagan dan saran yang diperlukan untuk memerkokoh negar kita. Demikina pula disini akan dipusatkan segala penyelidikan ynag perlu dilakukan atas hasil segala propaganda itu,penyelidikan atas kemakmuran rakyat dan keperluan-keperluan  seta hajat-hajat rakyat lainnya dipulau Sumatra ini. Saya harap dengan adanya kantor ini akan bertambah dengan segera saling pengertian yang baik antara bangsa Indonesia dan bangsa asing yang ada di Sumatra. Demikianlah penjelasan yang diberikan oleh Gubernur Sumatra .

Jan.19th.1946

 (a)British Gouvernment had dicided to sent Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, British Moscow Ambassador , to Indonesia as the the Special envoy for finishing the Indonesia problem (ibid PTIK,1952).

(b)

ill no 7. 19.1.46 Dai Nippon Revenue used by republican without Syowa date in Bukittinggi

. 19.1.46. Dai nippon revenue  f.50 and f1,- on fragment, used without syowa date by Indonesian people at Bukittingi(this city occupied by Republic Indonesia abd became the capital Sumatra province) 

Jan.20th. 1946

ill no 8 : 20.1.46.Postally used Postcard , Repoeblik Indonesia 5 den surcharged Dai nippon java 5 sen , send from CDS Djokjakarta 20.1.46 to Magelang, the earliest Republic Indonesia java postal history

(a) the very rare postally used Repoeblik Indonesia 5 Sen red Surcharged(cetak Tindih) on  Dai Nippon Java Postal Stationer Card 5 cent , send from Djokjakarta CDS 20.1.46 to Magelang. 

January,21th.1946

(a)The rare Dai nippon roundchoped Ryo Kin Kan No(Porto had paid) to up the rate of Dai Nippon postal sationer card 31/2 cent,postally used  CDS Pajakoemboeh  21.1.46 to boekittinggi(Dai Nippon still had power at Pajakoemboh and padang city post office,this only fotocopy ,the original I had sold to Karel in 1985)

(b) The letter from  wakil kepala  pemeriksaan buku dagang Untuk Padjak negeri(State Tax accounting book  inspection)  from padang to wajib pajak Padang Pandjang .

Jan.22th . 1946

(a)Manouilsky , Ukranian member of  Security Council(Dewan Keamanan ) United Nation (PBB) had  pusshed Security Council during meeting at london to made a special meeting and get the action related to Charter of The United Nations no.35.(ibid.PTIK,1952). Ill no 9. 22.1.46. IndonesianTradeaccount Book Check of State Tax Office (Kantor Pemeriksaan Boekoe Dagang oentoek Padjak Negeri ) Padang ‘s Letter to chinese overseas Padang pandjang(west sumatra) , asked him to sent Tke Account Book from 1939 to 1945 because couldn’t send since 21.8.45 because of the Indonesian Independence war situation. During the war worse situation, the Tax still asked the account  book to analyse the Income tax , they didn.t mantion from Dutch east indie-Dai nippon occupation-indonesian Independence war and British allied occupation era, all Income still must paid Income tax forn Indonesian Gouverment or for Dai Nippon or British allied Forces Aministration because no Gouvernment name at the letter ,the choped with blank armour.Historic Fiscal collection during the war-@copyright

(b)  

22.1.46

 Dai nippon sumatra revenue without overprint used at Bukittingi without Syowa date, Bukittingi under Republic Indonesia Occupation .

(c)Dai Nippon Sumatra revenue 50 cent  used at Bukittinggi. 

and Dai Nippon sumatra  f1,-one roepiah used at bukittinggi

Jan.23th.1946

  Indonesia Guvernment Police Pajakoemboeh (west Sumatra) official stamped(stempel Kepala Pilisi Pamongpraja Republik Indonesia)  from letter’s document. 

 
ill no 11. 23.1.46 The chief of Repoeblik Indonesia Government Police Pajakoemboh (west sumatra) official stamped in violet color(Kepala Polisi Pamongpraja)this is from INdonesian National Police organization or Province Government organization ? please comment !

Jan.24th TKR-People Security Army ‘s name changed to TRI-Tentara Republik Indonesia (Republic Indonesia Army).(ibid.PTIK,1952) 

Jan.26th.1946

The idea of ​​establishment of Military Academy of Tangerang came from four people: Daan Mogot, Kemal Idris, Yahya and Daan Taswin.Pada early stage there are 180 people Midshipman Candidates are trained first. Among them were students from the School of Medicine Ika Daigaku Jakarta. There are among those who became a platoon commander, company commander and even battalion commanders. A number of officers and NCOs who became coach / instructor MAT include Taswin Captain, Captain Tommy Prawirasuta, Rukman Captain, Captain Kemal Idris, Captain Oscar (Otje) Mochtan, Jopie Bolang Captain, Captain Endjon Djajaroekmantara, Bahruddin Sergeant, Sergeant Sirodz. In Tangerang Taswin Regiment served on the staff while Kemal Idris in soldiers.Pada dated January 24, 1946 Major Daan Yahya received information that the Dutch Colonial Army troops had occupied Parung and will make a move the Japanese army seize weapons depots in depot Lengkong (later revealed that the newly occupied Parung NICA March 1946). NICA provocative actions that would threaten the position of the Dutch Regiment and the Military Academy IV Tangerang Tangerang seriously. Therefore the Fourth Regiment, held a security measure Tangerang. Daan John Major as Chief of Staff of the Regiment, Major immediately called Daan Mogot and Major Wibowo, who had been the liaison officer to the Fourth Regiment, Tangerang.
Dated January 25, 1946 through the middle of the day around 14.00, after reporting to the commander of the Fourth Regiment, Lt. Col. Singgih Tangerang, departed TKR troops under the command of Major Daan Mogot with a magnitude 70 cadets MA Tangerang (MAT) and eight Gurkha soldiers. In addition to cadets, the troops would be some officers were Major Wibowo, and Lieutenant Lieutenant Soebianto Djojohadikoesoemo Soetopo. First it was the second officer military police officer (Military Police Corps / CPM now). This was done to preempt the Japanese not to weapons that have been surrendered to the allies handed over to the Dutch Colonial Army-NICA which time it had reached in Sukabumi to Jakarta.

After going through a tough journey because the road is damaged and full of holes tank traps, and full of barricades, TKR troops arrived in Japan in Lengkong headquarters at around 16.00. In the distance is not how far from the gates of the headquarters, trucks and troops laid down TKR. They entered the headquarters of the Japanese army in regular formation. Daan Mogot Major, Major Alex Wibowo and cadets Sajoeti running up front and the three of them then go to the office of Captain Abe. MAT Midshipman troops handed over to Lieutenant and Lieutenant Soebianto Soetopo to wait outside.

The first movement is managed well and impress the Japanese. Inside the headquarters office of the Japanese Major Daan Mogot explain the purpose of his arrival. However, Captain Abe asked for time to contact his superiors in Jakarta, because he says his superiors have not received instructions about disarmament. When negotiations goes, apparently Soebianto First Lieutenant and First Lieutenant Soetopo already mobilized the cadets entered the barracks and disarmed a number that were there with the willingness of subordinates Captain Abe. About 40 Japanese ordered to gather in the field.

Then suddenly heard gunshots, which is not known from where datangnnya. The sound was immediately followed by a barrage of three checkpoints, armed with a hidden Submachine directed to the army cadets are trapped. Another Japanese soldier who originally had surrendered his gun, the other Japanese soldiers who lined the field scattered reclaim some of their weapons which have not been loaded into the truck.

Within a very short berkobarlah unequal battle between the Indonesia and Japan, long combat experience, supported by a more complete arsenal, causing MAT Midshipman becomes an easy target. In addition to machine guns used by the Japanese, also occurred grenade and bayonet fights an opponent one.

Major actions Daan Mogot who immediately ran out to leave the negotiating table and try to stop the fighting but the efforts were unsuccessful. It is said that Major Daan Mogot with his entourage and the Military Academy Midshipman Tangerang, left the dorm the Japanese army, withdrew to the forest called the forest Lengkong rubber.

MAT cadets who successfully escaped to save himself among the rubber trees. They have difficulty using a carbine owned Terni. Often the bullet that entered into the rooms do not fit because of different sizes or plazas. The battle did not last long, because the forces that fought in the Japanese fortification with weaponry and equipment is very limited supply of bullets.

In battle, Major Daan Mogot by a bullet in the right thigh and chest. But when he saw his men holding machine guns shot dead, he then took the machine gun and shoot your opponent until he himself was showered with bullets from various parts of the Japanese army.

Finally, 33 cadets and three officers killed and 10 seriously injured cadets and midshipmen Major Wibowo with 20 taken prisoner, while the three cadets, namely Soedarno, Menod, Oesman Sjarief escaped on January 26 and arrived at the Command Headquarters Regiment TKR Tangerang in the morning. The officers and the Military Academy cadets Tangerang (MAT) which fall on the event are as follows:

Japanese troops acted with great brutality, they had bullet wounds and is still alive finished off with a bayonet. There is caught when he gets out of the sanctuary, then handed over to Kempeitai Bogor. Some people are still living a prisoner of the Japanese and forced to dig graves for his friends. What a story that sadly for those who are still alive. In case of wounded, taken prisoner, still forced to dig graves for their colleagues while their fate is still unclear what to do.

 in Tangerang funeral held back 36 bodies killed in the incident followed a Lengkong Soekardi cadets who were seriously injured but later died in hospital in Tangerang. They were buried near the prison children or more is now known TMP Taruna Tangerang. In addition to the officers of Tangerang, Tangerang Military Academy, Army Liaison Office, also attended the ceremony, Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Sjahrir, Vice Foreign Minister Haji Agoes Salim Salim, the son Sjewket participate in the event fall and their family members cadets were killed. Major Daan Mogot girlfriend, Hadjari Singgih cut his long hair reaching her waist and planted it with corpses hair Daan Mogot. After that long hair was never allowed again.

 January,27th.1946
The fragment of rare Dai Nippon revenue  block five of 10 cent and block ten of 10 cent(rate f 1,50.) used without overprint at boekittinggiJanuary ,29th. 1946
 

January,28th .1946

General Christison changed with Let.Gen. Sir Montague Stopford as the highest Command of  Brithish allied Forces at Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952

Jan.31th. 1946

The  Postal used cover Free Postal cover (Bebas bea -Sudah Dibayar)  of Kedoe Defend Area CDS Magelang 31.1.46 to Parakan , the official stamped look ill no.14. republic Indonesia “ Kedoe Defend Magelang official Stamped” on this cover.  comper with the same cds on 22.11,05, 

(b)the Soerakarta Hospital in patien billing two days f.10,- recieved with repoeblik Indonesia revenue -,15 unperforated.

(c) Gen. Spoor takes command of Dutch forces in the Indies

 Let.Gen. van Ojen changed with Let.Gen.Spoor as the highest  command of Dutch Army in Indonesia. 


Gen. S. H. Spoor, commander of Dutch forces in Indonesia, 1946-1949.At the beginning of 1946, Dutch forces in Indonesia numbered about 20,000.

2)Postal Used Free stamp Official Cover from Kedoe Defend are NRI Magelang CDS Magelang 31.1.46 send to Parakan

ill.no 14. 31.1.46. The Kedoe Defend area Magelang of republic Indonesia official stamped in violet color, on the free official cover below.
 
 
ill no.13. 31.1.6(1946) The official free postal(bebas bea sudah dibajar) cover of Republic Indonesia Defend area Kedoe send from Magelang CDS 31.1.6 (1946) to parakan (official Military defend area official cover), the official stamped look above.
January,31th .1946

 

ill.no 12. 30.1.46 The aerliest used Rep.Indonesia Java Revenue with the same design with Dai Nippon Java revenue with small limabelas sen on the “Soerakarta” Hospital Billing inpatient 2 days rom 10/1 to 11/1 1946 cost 10 gld, Laboratory 4 gld and medicine 1 gld, the billing form printed by Percetakan persatoean Solo 05(1945), this one of the best Indonesia health information collection. the hospital still exist now with name RSUP Solo (?)

  

 Febuary 1946
 
1946. Native Indonesia calender February 1946 with the sacred Beringin tree picture painting illustraion look below. Forgive me if there was mismatch between Illustration number and the document informations because very difficult to arranged this collections. the complete document and covers only showed completely in IMUCS Cybermusuem if the collectors choose that item as the best collection. the nex Indonesia Independent War collection (March ’46) were the very rare collections, I only showed this collection if the collector asked me because all the collections I put in Bank Deposit box, all the collection were area overprint republic Indonesia on Dai Nippon revenue,stamps and postal card 7 Document,every area had their own creation overprint because no communication between that area due to the war situation after british allied forces backhome and the inflations situation need new rate on postal and fiscal revenue in republic indonesia sumatra and java . I need many hours to arranged this collections please remember @Copyright dr iwan s.2010,forbdden to copy or repro in anykind technology, before put in Cybermusuem ,I cann’t give permission to repro or copy the illustration for put in anykind informations media. If my research of this Historic collection Postal or revenue History write scientifically may be the university will give me Honorary Phillosohy Doctore degree,because i have the Master degree.this is my vision, what the collector comment, please look and reand carefully my statement about the historical fact collection related with the authority of republic indonesia in Sumatra and Java area 1945-1948, I hope The Royal Dutch crown will accepted the Indonesia Proclamations 17.8.45 and the Indonesia Independent wasr as the fact that Republic Indonesia ever exist 1n 1945-1949 and didn’t called our loving independent country as the extrimist anymore viva republic Indonesia and Netherlands ex motherlands.@copyright Dr iwan S. 

1946 February native Indonesia picture painting illustration of the sacred java tree with phrase in Java language ” Wrinin Soetji Korining Kerta’ please native javavenese trasnlate this phrase for our collectors abroad. this illsutration painters anonmi from the native calender february 1946.

  

1.2.46
Fiscal Income tax paid recieved by Padang pandjang Postal office CDS padang pandjang PTT Rep Indonesia 1.2.46 (The earliest Republic Indonesia Fiscal at sumatra) I have lend this collection for scanning to put in Mr Vosse Revenue Catlogue @Copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

1.2, 046 Dai nippon sumatra Revenue 2x f -.15,-,20 and F1.- used on the republican document without overprint at Rengat Riau.

2.2.46 Used off cover Dai Nippon sumatra definive stamps 5 sen without overprint used in republic area CDS (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep. Indonesia.

February,2th,1946

2/II/46.
DEI stamps dancer 4cents(4x) without overprint used as revenue on the recieve of photographer Potrait billing at Solo.@copy right Dr Iwan s. Ihave lend this stamp to scanning by Mr Vosse to put in his revised revenue catalogue.
February,6th.1946(b)
6.2.46

Dai Nippon Sumatra definive stamps F 1.-without overprint used as revenue in the republic area Bukittingi because inflation high nominal value revenue didn.t exist, if used to low nominal the document will full with revenue,also that revenue didn’t exist anymore and republic haven’t issued reveneu this timebecause the war situation.
February,8th.1946
8.2.46

Same at solo, at Padang Dai Nippon postal card without Republic overprint used at republic occupied area CDS Padang 8.2.46 (didn’t used Dai Nippon Syowa anymore). In 1942 only Djojakrta have machinal overprint Repoeblik Indonesia 5 SEN in red Color overprint Dai Nippon postcard look Jan 46 collection 20.1.46 from Djogjakarta. Later other city will overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon Postcard by Handstamped because no official printed Office in that area.The young collectors very difficult to understand the Postal History,but if you look carefully no problem.
February 9th..46

Postal stationer dai Nippon Java card 5 sen still used duriing Rep.indonesia occupied Solo, Postally Used cover with republican postalcancelled CDS SOLO 9.2.46(Not 06-Dai Nippon syowa date), earliest Republic Indonesia Postal Administrations without overprint, later this postcard will overprin Republic Indonesia 5 SEN-look the later collections)
 
February,8.th 1946
Contraversial Machinal overprint wrong Repoebelik(not Repoeblik) Indonesia on Dai nippon Cross &dai Nippon Yubin overprin on DEI stamps kon 10 cent 9famoues as three era stamps-prangko tiga zaman) Mr Bulterman Dutch expert told me that this stamps overprint printed at padang Printer office same with the one years Independence free military postal card, All the stamps and postcard burned by the dutch NICA(KNIL) soldier, but some still exist and used at republican Area, here were many types Dai nippon overprint or without overprint DEI Kon.stamps were surcharges. The printing office at padang only five that time, Government didn’t have, Three from that printing office belonging to my familiy , when i have asked the owner they told me they didn’t printed this stamps, the other one my family friend he told no, the only one i haven’t asked and may the printing office where this stamps was printing was the haluan Newspaper printing office still exist until now.
8.2.46 Contraversia Three era Overprint two type from dai nippon Cross and dai Nippon Yubin, and one from Rep.Indonesia but in wrong spelling “Repoebelik” the right one “Repoeblik’ used CDS Padang PTT Rep.Indonesia , Mr Bulterman Dutch phillatelist expert when met me in 1985 had told me that this stamps machinal overprint by Padang Private Printing office because government didn’t have it. All the stamps including the rare postal card commemorate one years independence military free card were burne by Dutch NICA soldiers(KNIL), but some stamps with many different Dai Nippon type overprint still keep by the Padang Postman , may be the specimen stamps and not many used on the postally used cover because after lingarjati agrrement Padang was the Dutch NICA area9 , Paraf at November 1946,only three month after six moth this stamps issued but resticted. I have written my research about this contraversial stamps compare between all collectors collection in the world with my collections,if the collector choose this stamps as the best stamps I will put that information in Driwancybermuseum. 
 
February,10th.1946
(a)The remebrance picture of Solok landscaped from Agoes latif B.tinggi 10/2.1946
 
(b)February 10Van Mook sends proposal to Sjahrir for “democratic partnership” between the Netherlands and Indonesia, but which still does not provide for real independence.Sjahrir reshuffles cabinet under pressure.
 
February,12th.1946

12.2.46
Only one ever seen document with contraversial Tax account Office Padang (kantor Accountant Padjak) official stamped in violet color without the gouvernment emblem (lambang), This office from what State gouvernment Dutch NICA or Republic indonesia ,may be still Dai Nippon Administration, I think before hinomaru Dai Nippon emblem. this contraversial office asked the chinese overseas trader to pay text from 1939 to 1945 (from three era DEI,Dai Nippon,and Rep.Indenio or Dutch Nica)
February,16th.1946

16.2.1946
The original document of REP Indonesia Menistry of law annoucement about proposal Indonesia Citizen Law(RUU WNI).I am sorry the complete document or cover cann’t illustrated because copyright, if you choose this document as the best collection it will put in complete document in IMUC Cybermusuem.

16.2.1946. The republic Indonesia’s Minestry of Law : Proposal of INdonesia State Citizens law (RUU Warga Negara Indonesia dari menteri kehakiman). Sorry I cann’t showed the complete document or cover because that complete ilustration will put in Driwancybermusueum after choose by Collectors as the best collection, if you choose this document it will be show in the cybermusuem with your name, it is very impportant to chinseoverseas Indonesia ,now became Tionghoa national ethnic, this document was the basic law.
(b) The  Dai Nippon Postal saving Book Tjokin Kyoko Palembang ,chang the hinomaru red to be indonesian flag red  and white inside 17.8.45,complete with yubinkyoku postal savinbvg label 16.2.46 until 2.5.46(four illustration b)
February,18th.1946

18.2.46(b)(b)
REP.IND. West Sumatra overprint Dai nippon sumatra definitive Stamps 30 cent and 50 cent used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia 18.2.46 (the earliest used) Before at Bagansiapi-api riouw Rep Ind . typemechine overprint exist i found ond piece in Jakarta bank deposit and Ricardo off Cover now in Den haag Museum, I cann’t showed this very rare stamps because only found two in the world, Iam afraid being copy by the mad stam trader or collector, if the expert or Den Haag musuem want to look at this stamps I will made a show in Den Haag Musuem if official invitation with another rare (RRR) stamps or revenue
February,19th.1946(b)

19.2.46
Dai Nippon west sumatra Cross overprin on Dutch East indie Kon.1 gld stamps and Dai Nippon definitif 50 cent emergency used as revenue because inflation the low value revenue off , republic Indonesia high nominal value not yet issued that is why the high nominal value Stamps used @copyright Dr iwan S.2010.
February,28th.1946

28.2.46
Dai Nippon java Revenue still used at Semarang on Oei Tiong Ham House rental Billing .Dai Nippon and British Allied forces still administrated this city and after that under Dutch NICA, never found Republic Indnesia Revenue ,stamps or Document in this city same as Soerabaja.
.FEBRUARY 1946 

native Rep.indonesia calender February 1946

Feb. 1st : Sir Archibald Clark Kerr with Sir Montague Stopford arrived at Jakarta. ill 1 .Native Rep.Indonesia Calender February 1946 , with picture Beringin Woods ” Wringin Soetji Korining Kerta” incrisption below the wood (the Sacred Beringin , please native javanese translate Korining Kerta) look ill.no.2. Ill no 3. 12.46 :The recieved of paying Income tax on Rep,Indonesia Fiscal with Poastal canceled CDS Padang Pandjang ptt rep.Indonesia . 

Feb.2nd, 1946

  2.2.46

Used Dai Nippon definitif 5 sen without overprint used (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep INdonesia 2.2.46 (Pakan baroe Riouw occupied by Rep.Indonesia), I have from Bagansiapi-api Riouw CDS on Definitif Dai Nippon stamps 10 cent overprint machinal typed Rep. Indonesia on piece fragment-the only one in the world exist because Ricardo have the same off covered,sorry I cann’t showed this very rare stamps in this blog because very expensive and I am afraid will be reproduced, i put that stamps in bank deposit, I am only showed this stamps to expert and specialist Indonesia collector by appointment, I am very happy to found this stamps that more rare than the Dutch’s ricardo stamps in Den Haag phillatelic Museum, if the museum want the original photo please asked via comment, and I will send the photo illustration to your e.mail.@copyright Dr Iwan S.2010. Ill.no 5 : 2/II/46 Dutch east Indie Stamp 4 cent (4x) without overprint used as revenue on The recieved of paying Photograper Billing at Solo. I have lend this rare revenue ‘s scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his revise Revenue catalogue, I hope he put my name as the provenance remember @Copy right Dr iwan S. 2009. 

February,4th.1946

The rare  Islamic lasykar handpainted laskar on Dai Nippon Java postal stationer card 5 cent ,send from CDS Leles Kedoungora to Serang(Banten) ( this only fotocopy illustration from Ricardo collections)

Feb.6th : Indonesia problem were discussed at United nation Secirurity councile meeting at London. Maousky said that the British allied forces landing  due the beginning of war in Indonesia. Dai Nippon soldiers werw used to push down (menindas) Indonesia native people, that is ay he suggected to build the special commision to research (menyelidik) Indonesian Situations but not accepted.  ill no 7 . 6.2.46 Dai nippon Sumatra definitif Stamps F 1.- without overprint used as emergency revenue at Bukittinggi (Inflation made low nominal revenue off, and hing nominal didn’t exist and republic Indonesia rvenue still in process to issue. 

Dutch Marine Tank in indonesia 1946

 

Feb.8th. 1946

 8.2.46

Dai Nippon cross overprint Dutch kon.Stamps  added new repoeblik Indonesia overprint (triple overprint0  used  CDS Padang PTT Rep. Indonesia 8.2.46 on Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint.(padang occupied by Republic Indonesia) ill.no 8 .Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia  8.2.46. 

Feb.9th 1946(this day my one years birthday) :

 ill.no. 9 : 9.2.46 . Dai Nippon Java Postal card without overprint used CDS Solo 9.2.46 -Indonesia date cancelled.(Solo occupied by Rep.Indonesia) (b)

Feb.10th : Dr H.J. van Mook announced the official statement from the Dutch government about the Future of Indonesia government :a. Indonesia Commonwelath consisting with daerah-daerah (areas) with their own governments  as the part of the Dutch Kingdom . b. Everybody who born Indonesia will became the Indonesian state citizens.(Warganegara).c. The Indonesian Government will free administrated their own state alone  . d. There will be the people representative board (badan perwakilan Rakyat0  with one envoy (wakil) from the Royal dutch as the chief of Indonesia state government. e. The transition period in ten years. f. Indonesia will be a member united nation. In this day there were no official meeting between Clark kerr,Sjahrir and van Mook  in order to delivered this official Dutch government statement. 

February,11th.1946

Perjuangan Tanjung jabung kuala tungal Jambi

PERIOD IN 1946

A. Consolidation and Reform Pemyempurnaan Civil Government and the Formation of TRI Regiment II Division II Jambi

On February 11, 1946 d Sarolangun TRI officer held a meeting of the Residency Jambi led by Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim, and was attended by Colonel Abunjani.

As the decision of the meeting is:

1. Formation of the TKR Unitary Residency become TRI Regiment II Jambi Jambi Province.

2. Appoint Lieutenant Colonel Justin Mohd. Isha as a regimental commander II Jambi, which at that time still “menjabat” as Chief of Police Kersidenan Jambi.

3. Define the rank of the officer who attended the meeting in defenitif from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel.

Feb.12th.1946

 12.2.46 Tax account Office Padang official stamped on the letter to chinese overseas trader at padang pandjang. This official stamped without state government emblem (lambang pemerintah) ,blank, contraversial , this tax office from Government ? -British allied forces, nica-dutch or Rep Indonesia government because the office asked the tax from three era from 1939-1941(Dutch era), 1942-1944(Dai Nippon era), and 1945 -republic Indonesia era. The tax alway must paid to the lattest stete government no excuse the war situation/@copyright Dr iwan S.2010, and what the collectors comment ? 

 February.14th . 1946

The Indonesia native origin of Indonesia Royal Dutch soldier(KNIL) at Minahasa  were rebelled with the command of Taulu and Wuisan , they succeed to occupied for Republic Indonesia from NICA-Dutch civil administration. The Republic Indonesia administration with RED-WHITE flag at Minahasa only exist 26 days (very rare and historic postal used cover on this period,but never seen until this day) .At March 11th 46 Taula cs  arrested by Dutch during meeting on Dutch warship eit hein’ at Manado port (ibid.PTIK,1952, the information above and below from same source) 

February. 17th. 1946

17.2.46

 Special Edition  issued by Merdeka newspaper Jakarta “Special number edition anniversary six month Indonesia Independence. In this rare journal consist very rare Photo and authography from President,Vice President, Primemenistry. Menister Cabinet I & II, Gouvernour, President Wife Fatmawati, Viece President wife Rahmi , preisdent son Guntur, Gouvenur, Java king, oposititon Tan malaka, senior journalist etc, this vintage Picture and authography will showed later in “Indonesia Independence war Picture &Authography added with my Collections, I hope vintage photography and authography will happy to look at that very rare collections, but must be patient I need time to write and install that collections@copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

The six month annyversary of indonesia indepedence were celebrated at many area in Indonesia. Ill no 11. Vintage Book : Special edition to commemorate six month Indonesia Independence proclamation day by Merdeka newspaper. This rare vintage book consist the photo of all the Indonesian Leader 1945-1946 like President,vice prsident, prime menister, java king (  with their authographys and also menister Kabinet I and II (not complete)   , Gouvernor, Tan malaka profile, the wife of proclamator Fatmawati sukarno  & Rahmi Hatta and senior -jurnalist etc. This photo will showed at “Indonesia Independence War picture/authographed added with my collections” the collectors must be patient becuase to much to showed only by me alone need many hours times working. I hope the photgraphy and authography collector wil be happy to look at the very rare illustrations. :

(a) Cover illustration(b) Proklamasi(c) President soekarno  speaking(sambutan) and handsign(d) Kata Sambutan Vice President Hatta and handsigned(e)Sambutan and handsigned Mangkoeneoro VIIII(f) Sambutan and handsigne St Sjahril,prime menistry Melaokekan Rewvoloesi dengan Pengertian(g) Kata sambutan Medekan news redsoctuer B.M.Diah and handsigned(h) Wassiat Pemimpin Bung Karno,Hatta and Sjahrir (i)the first NRI Cabinet with illustration(j) The second Cabinet with illustration(k) illustration Bung Karno  and bung hatta in the middle of Family(l) The great (agung)NRI Gouverment inspection the people situation(m) Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX Jogyakarta pictures.(n) Sumatra during 6 month Independence(o) The dismiss(pembubaran) the NRO secondr Cabinet Sjahrir,.(the complete illustration will add in the e-book on CDRom,special for  premium member)

Feb.19th 1946:

Non official meeting between  prime enister St Sjahrir and van Mook were announced but the source not found. Dutch announced to have the meeting with republic but Republic Indonesia not yet answered. (ibid PTIK,1952)

.ill. no 12. 19.2.46(b)

Dai Nippon Sumatra overprint on DEI Kon Stamps  F 1.- and def.50 cent used as revenue at  Bukittinggi. 

Feb. 21th :

(a)To answered the dutch government official statement, the KNIP (Center Indonesia  National comittee) have annouced that Only Republic Indonesia have authority in all Indonesia area. 

(b) RAPWI  BATAVIA POSTALLY USED COVER

The postally used cover send from Sergeant marinir BA Olymmyulder M 4393,Royal Netherlands Marine Corps Brigade I Bataljon Cie.A p.a. Marine Postkantoor Batavia-C Ned oost Indie, free stamp military post, with RAPWI Post Kantoor Batvia CDS 21 Feb 46 to Roterdam Nederland.RAPWI  means Rescue of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees.(rare cover)

and look  the picture of Repoeblic Indonesia TRI(Military) help the RAPWI Prisoner Of War(POW) move from cam to their homeland by TRI truck.

RAPWI Official Travel Permit and Pass form unused.

also the Royal dutc Marien pantser picture in 1946

Dutch marines in Indonesia, 1946

Dutch marines in Indonesia 1946 1

Feb.22th : The complete KNIP meeting with Mr Asaat as the chief(ketua) at Solo have discussed about the authority(beleid) of Sjahrir cabinet..”Persatuan Perdjoeangan “(Unity Revolt , the leader Tan Malaka)  opposition in KNIP have very strong (demikian hebat) that is why Sjahrir cabinate was falling down(jatuh). The British Allied forces begun to back home ( mjulai mengundurkan diri) from Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952) 

February,24th.1946

Inauguration of the Second Division II TRI Regiment Edinburgh and the inauguration of the officers will be held in the city of Jambi on February 24, 1946.

Structure and Core Personalian Regiment II / Division II Jambi is:

1. Commander: Lt. Col. Teuku Mohd. Jesus

2. Chief of Staff: Captain R. A. Rachman Kadipan

HQ Regiment II / Second Division based in Jambi Jambi.

Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim South Sumatra on February 24, 1946 inaugurated the Second Regiment, Second Division TRI Edinburgh and induct the officers of the rank of Second Lieutenant to the top, place in the field Tungkal Straat (now terminal oplet Rawasari city) Jambi city.

In April 1946, to complement the shortage of personnel Regiment II, Division II, Edinburgh, at the request of the Regiment Commander II has received additional personnel from the Second Division are:

Bureau II Strategy
Lt. A. Roni

Second Lieutenant M. Nawawi

Lieutenant Young Mukhtar

Military Police
Lieutenant R. Sumardi

Young Lieutenant Idris Saman

Lieutenant W. Young Sumardi

B. Terbentuknua Navy of the Republic of Indonesia (ALRI)

Due to violations of the territory of Indonesia by the Dutch war ships in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and provocation as well as the interception of a passing motor boat, then from Palembang in South Sumatra brought an army of ALRI. ALRI troop strength is 15 people with him Lieutenant Commander (Sea) Sanusi, between 7 (seven) people stationed at the port of Kuala Tungkal with major Sersa Commander (Sea) Arwansyah and the remainder placed in the port city of ALRI Kasang Jambi (Jambi Pertamina now ship port )

With the increasingly precarious situation of the struggle, in September 1948 the Navy base was transferred entirely to Kuala Tungkal, while the base is part of Jambi ALRI ALRI unit based in New Boom palembang dnegan Kaptem Commander (Sea) Sarongsong.

 

February,7th.1946(b)

The postally used postcard  with overprint Repoeblik Indonesia on DN java definive  stamps 5 cdent. send from Malang to Soerabaia.Feb.28th. ill no 13. 28.2.46

Dai Nippon revenue F 1,- used with indonesian date . in Bukittinggi.ill.no 14.Dai Nippon Sumatra Revenue F-,15 used with Indonesia date in Bukittinggi 

VII.The Center Of Indonesia Republic Stare(NRI) Moved To Jogya in 1946

 March 1942

“Social War” breaks out in Batak areas of Sumatra. Local rulers are accused of collaborating with the Dutch.Tan Malaka and Persatuan Perjuangan increase criticism of Sjahrir  

  
  

Alamanak Perjaungan Indonesia bulan Maret 1946 
Pada Alamanak ini tertulis informasi sebagai berikut :

a. Tema lukisan alamanak dengan narasi Mengapa Beras dikirim ke Jepang sedangkan Rakyat Indonesia miskin dan kelaparan.

b. kronologis situasi Indonesia bulan Nopember dan Desember 1945 :

(a) 28.11.45 :British attack Chinine Fabric in Bandoeng
(b) Early Dec.45 : The Battle at Soerabaja,Semarang,Djakarta,Bandoeng and Ambarawa.
(c) 5.12.45 : The People occupying Banjoebiroe Fort
(d) 8.12.45 : Bogor attack by Enemy(BritisH Allied Forces)
(e) 9.12.45 : Soekaboemi were Boombing
(f) 14.12.45 : The People occupying Ambarawa
(g) 17.12.45 : The British Allied Forces burn Bekasi
(h) 25.12.45 : Solo develop the Native Red-soldiers
and the threads of NRI Prime Menistry’s life.
(i) 27.1.2.45 : Also The threads of Menistry of
informations(NRI)’s life.

c.Pernnyataan Bung Karno:

Three hundreds years or more than one thousand years (occupied by Colianialism) cann’t off the Peoples right to lived Independence.
In other to have that Rights again , we are ready to accept all the national country’s difficulties and unhapinnes situations.
Anytimes we are ready to sacrifice for the Motherland.(free tranlate by Dr iwan S.) 

2) DR OEI BOEN ING SOLO’S RECEIPT OF PATIENT BILLING
Illustration Caption  Oen Revenue 1946.

The receipt still used the Dai Nippon Java revenue without overprint (late used).
Dr Oei Boen Ing in his lattest life have help many Indonesian poor patients like Becak drivers with free of charge for his private medical practise at his own home almost 30 years ( in this patient billing he charge only 200 Rupiah from March 1945 to February 1946 consultation and medicines).
Dr Oei Boen Ing were the Medical doctor hero in Solo and his name was using to the name of a big NGO Hospital at Solo. (Dr Iwan S suggest Indnesian Menistry of Health suggest to the Indonesian President SBY to honor him as the Indonesia National Health Hero in August ,17th. 2010 ,may be together with another Tionghoa (ex Chinese Overseas) National hero like Indonesia naval heros John Lee ).
This very rare memoriable cover was better to show in special frame at Dr Oei Boen Ing Hospital Solo, if the hospital want that show during Indonesian Indepence Day 65 years Anniversary in August,17th 2010 please

March,1st.1946(b)

Fragment  Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive used without overprind as revenue at Boekittinggi

 2 ) March 2nd’ 1946

Stamps as Revenue 1946 

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE WAR COLLECTION
MARCH 1946 


Amphibious landing by Dutch (KNIL) troops at Sanur beach, Bali, March 1946.

MARCH 2nd 1946 

1. The Central Indonesia national Committee(KNI-pusat) meeting have appointed St Sjahril to built the Cabinet.
The 3rd indonesia Cabinet with 14 menistries :
(1) Prime Menistery : St Sjarir


(2) Internal country affair menistery : Dr Sudarsono
(3) International Affairs menistry : St Sjahrir
(4) Defend Menisttry : Mr Amir Sjarifuddin

2. NRI(Indonesia) Prime Menistry St.Sjahrir profile this day(ill 1 caption St Sjahrir 1946) 

3. The latest used on document Dai Nippon Sumatra definitif stamps without overprint as Revenue 1-3-46 at the NRI area Bukittinggi,(ill 2 caption Stamp as Revenue 1946). 

March,3th.1946

At the beginning of 1946 was also the position of central gonernment moved to Bukittinggi West Sumatra. In times of transition mutations occur in Several Positions of Police of West Sumatra. Commissioner of Police I Became Chief of Police Darwin Karim Residency West Sumatra.Effective as of March 3, 1946, Johny Anwar got a job taking office the Chief of Police Affairs with the rank of Padang City Police Commissioner II.

march,7th.1946

The original  Padang Tax office letter with hoemade paper.cover and letter send by courier.

March,11th.1946

The rare Dai Nippon Jva postal sationer 5 cent postally used expres mail with add  ovtp Repoblic Indonenesia  on overprint Dai nippon jave on DEI dancer stamp  from Pasoeroean to  Malang

Look the other  used off and framgmen M.O of the other series of NRI java double overprint on DN java stamps.(two pictures b)

March,12th.1946

Sjahrir publicly replies to Van Mook’s offer of February, demanding immediate recognition of Indonesia’s sovereignty without delay.


Sutan Sjahrir
Sjahrir had been a leading figure in the independence movement in the 1930s, and had spent time in the Boven Digul concentration camp. He organized the governments of the new Republic in 1945-1947, and spent a great deal of energy in negotiations with the Dutch.
To some, Sjahrir was a respectable voice of moderation with an educated, Western outlook on things. In his time, he was criticized both by Communists and by Army nationalists for being allegedly “pro-Dutch”. (Among other things, Sjahrir had married a Dutch woman when he was a young student in the Netherlands.) Conversely, Sjahrir was a critic of those who he felt had worked too closely with the Japanese, implicitly criticizing Sukarno as well.

March14th,1946

 uncommon without Republic ovpt 
uncommon black overprint 

 

very rare revenue 1946 
Very rare revenue 

 

Buy corn for poor people 
Rare pati revenue 

March.14th.1946: 

.March 17th.1946

Sjahrir and Sjarifuddin pull their followers out of Persatuan Perjuangan, arrest Tan Malaka and others. Tan Malaka is held in jail until September 1948.Sjahrir secretly agrees with Dutch to negotiate for Republican control of Java, Madura and Sumatra only, in a political union with the Netherlands, Curaçao and Surinam.


Amir Sjarifuddin had been involved in the movements for Indonesian independence since the late 1930s. During World War II, he led a small underground resistance against the Japanese occupation. He served with Sutan Sjahrir in several early governments of the Republic. Just before the “Madiun incident” of September 1948, he revealed that he had been a secret member of the PKI for some time. After the failed Communist revolt at Madiun, he was captured and executed by the military

PLEASE SUBSCRIBED AS PREMIUM MEMBER VIA COMMENT IN ORDER TO GET THE COMPLETE BOOK AND ILLUSTRATIONS.  
.
hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com      .       .                     .                 .

March,16th.1943

The complete  document with wage(loon or Oepah) Tax  with overprint repoeblik indonesia on dai nippon and dutch wage tax.

and unused Wade Tax Dai Nippon with rep.Indonesia overprin(may be fake overprint  becaus ethis revenue never overprint,please comment)

March,19th.1946

The dai Nippon  Malang Hyakkarten form use for recieved money  with NRI revenue -,15 cent.

March,26th.1946

The recieved  of  koedoes and salatiga Study Fund from donatur  by IPI-ikatan peladjar Indonesia(Indonesia student association) with official choped on Rep.Indonesia revenue  -.15 sen.

March,27th.1946

(a)The dai nippon Letter revenue(kertas meterai) 2604 padjak-segel used on  march,27th.1946

(b) Aceh kutaradja newspaper:”Semangat Merdeka” with some info:

(a0 Presiden and Vice President may be Visit Sumatra.

(b) The Indonesian Youngman with”Gemas” against English at Bandoeng

According to British news we heard last night said that Bandoeng had been occupied by the British. He said the action was carried out on the orders of supreme leader to mewnghentikan combustion (for re-enforce the Dutch colonization) are not useful and mortars firing on British troops and the former Allied Prisoners of War and internees (acting as kkai hand NICA). Action was achieved in 1 day and before the movement started by British forces, about 2 hours continuously England gave to the armed threat to leave the area or submit senjatanya.Beribu-thousand letters Distribution (phmaflet) deployed in the area south Bandoeng and loudspeakers every hour to deliver the threat. TRI that have the discipline to tell that they would leave the south, large segrombolan tertapi armed youths explained that they will not leave the place tersebut.Pemuda was originally intended to do the burning of houses and banguna stau night before the British troops advanced, but kemarisn said that the next news they get away, residents lose home-banyakibanyak tangga.Dilaporkan that the extrimis destroy 20% of the building, local leaders are not under orders to stay regular duties sepewrti (DR Iwan Note, these events are written lagus struggle memebrikan inspiration in Bandung, such as South Bandung, Hello-Hallo Bandung Bandung and write the South Lake of Fire)

original uinfo

Menurut berita Inggeris yang kita dengar tadi malam mengatakan bahwa Bandoeng telah diduduki oleh Inggris. Katanya  tindakan itu dilakukan  atas perintah Pimpinan tertinggi untuk mewnghentikan pembakaran(untuk menegakkan  penjajahan Belanda kembali) yang tidak berguna dan penembakan mortir  atas pasukan Inggris dan bekas  Tawanan Perang Sekutu dan Interniran(bertindak sebagai kkai tangan NICA). Tindakan itu tercapai  dalam 1 hari dan sebelum gerakan dimulai oleh pasukan Inggris,sekitar 2 hari  terus-menerus Inggris  memberikan ancaman kepada  kaum yang bersenjata supaya meninggalkan daerah tersebut atau menyerahkan senjatanya.Beribu-ribu surat  Sebaran(phmaflet) disebarkan  didaerah selatan Bandoeng dan  pengeras suara setiap jam untuk  memberikan ancaman. TRI yang  mempunyai tata tertib memberitahukan  bahwa mereka  akan meninggalkan daerah selatan, tertapi  segrombolan besar pemuda  yang bersenjata lengkap menerangkan,bahwa mereka tidak akan meninggalkan tempat tersebut.Pemuda tersebut semula berniat  melakukan pembakaran terhadap rumah-rumah  dan banguna stau malam sebelum pasukan Inggris maju,tetapi  kemarisn kata  berita itu  selanjutnya mereka menyingkir diri,banyakibanyak penduduk kehilangan rumah-tangga.Dilaporkan bahwa  kaum extrimis  membinasakan 20% dari bangunan,pemimpin daerah tidak menurut perintah  untuk tetap tinggal menjalankan tugas sepewrti biasa(DR Iwan Note,kejadian ini memebrikan inpirasi ditulisnya lagus perjuangan di bandung,seperti Bandung Selatan,Halo-Hallo Bandung dan tulis Bandung Selatan Lautan Api)

March,29th-1946

The latest used of Dai Nippon revenue  at Djakarta,more latest 25.7.46 abd 1.9.1946.

April 1946

the native Wayang repoblik calender April 1946,with the history of NRI  august until october 1945, and  Rabindranath Tagore phillosopny and Arabindo Ghose phillosophy.

APRIL 1946

By April 1946, the struggle of the people in the town of Padang and Surrounding areas Increased in the presence of NICA oppose a free ride with the Allied forces, WHO were the resource persons going to charge for the settlement of Japanese prisoners of war. Since the city of Padang and Surrounding areas into the arena of struggle or an arena of clashes the between fighters of the Republic of Indonesia with Allied / Dutch, of course Police act to protect the freedom fighters, even though Their actions in terms of security can not be justified in a world of peace. These experiences are also complicated to determine the agreement the between the National Police with the young fighter / BKR (Called the Dutch as “Extremist”) in determining the authority and responsibility for security in urban areas.

. December 27, 1949, the day of delivery of Dutch Sovereignty to the RIS (United States of Indonesia) was held in Padang city government delivery of Resident HTB (“Hoofd Tijdelijk Bestuur”) Van Straten to the governor of Central Sumatra, Mr. M. Nasroen.

On 17-8-1950 the RIS Officially disbanded and returned the Republic of Indonesia as a unitary state in the archipelago. Padang city police WHO Had been with the RIS police personnel status of the Dutch and the “cooperator” was again held a leadership mutation. To replace the positions left by “Dutchmen” was, was appointed by the Government of Indonesia is an Indonesian citizen police Republicans. In this case Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue (the Commissioner of Police I) Had been named Chief of Police City of Padang and Surrounding areas in order to form the structure and placement of personnel in accordance with Police Organizations of the Republic of Indonesia (Padang, June 1945).

April,1st.1946

The document of recieved money for buying one bicycle without mark with Revenue black small -,15 sen .

April,4th.1946
the error printing repoeblik Indonesia revenue, Off center and the  Repoeblik became at below of the revenue. compare with te normal printing revenue,

 

and the unsued  one full sheet f 0,15 sen revenue(not many used because the devaluation the rare  up,and still found unused in full and half sheet )

 also the other error printing

(a) f.100 ,error f 1 0,one 0 missing

(b) ai of meterai missing

April,8th,1946

(a)The recieved of House rent document ,by the Repoeblic Indonesia  Magelang Housing Office with official chope on NRI revenue -,15.cent.

(b) The recieved of NRI Phone office with NRI revenue -,15 blod type,this was the emergency homemade form.

(c) The letter fragment of small rep.Indonesia overprint on Dai Nipoon sumatra definitive 40 cent stamp used CDS Boekitinggi Indonesia 8.4.46(rare)

April ,9th.1946.

 (1)Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) is founded, with limited former Japanese small aircraft.King of Bone and the local Republican government are arrested by Dutch forces on Sulawesi.Dutch forces replace the British in Bandung. “Bandung Lautan Api”: Indonesians start to burn down the city rather than surrender it to the Dutch. Much of the southern part of Bandung is burned.Barisan Banteng rules Surakarta in defiance of the Sjahrir government.

April,9th.1946

very rare first palembang republic overprin RI in box on dai nippon occupation palembang and sumatra DN definitif stamp,used on PP 2 pospakket card send cds palembang to Pagaralam.

April ,14th.1946.

 Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful

April,16th.1946

In this day ,at boekittinggi , Conference  of All  Sumatra Resident lead by Guvernour Sumatra, Mr Teuku Moghammad Hasan.

April,17th.1946

One day before the opening session of the Council of Representatives of Sumatra on 17 April 1946, taken a decision to divide daderah administration in three baagin namely North Sumatra, Sumatra, central and southern Sumatra, each led by a Governor Young. As a result of the conference decision, the Governor of Sumatra lifted Dr.Adnan Kapau Gani (Resident of Palembang) became Governor of South Sumatra Young, which include the residency of Palembang, Lampung, Bengkulu and bangka_Belitung. Then appointed Dr. M. Djamil (Resident of West Sumatra) was governor of Central Sumatra Young, which include the residency of western Sumatra, Riau and Djambi. In this kjaitan, Mr. Hermani, Governor Roving conjunct the interior minister, during a visit to Sumatra, along with Information Minister Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin in the month of April 1946, proposed to the governor to lift TTDaudyah Sumatra (Aceh resident) became Governor of North Sumatra Young, but one staff governor of Sumatra menginggatkan that TTDaudsyah is a son of Aceh and Sumatra as well as with the governor, so from a psychological view of both these officials come from one area of ​​residency, because we desire and aim toward the Indonesian national, then we should appoint a untu North Sumatran Governor Young, who qualified third psychological residencies that include North Sumatra. In regard to the governors of Sumatra Staff proposes to raise Mr.SMAmin, head of the Bureau of Justice residency of Aceh, North Sumatra Governor Young, since he was the son of a teacher from Mandailing (residency Tapanuli) was born in Raba Krueng Aceh Besar, married with a daughter Aceh.tinggal and work in Aceh and have the family in the Residency of East Sumatra, he summarily duikenal people in the Sumatran Utara.Stelah memepertimbangkan proposal, Sumatra Governor decided to appoint Mr. Young SMAmin became Governor of North Sumatra

Original Info (Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan,1986)

Satu hari sebelum  dibuka sidang Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Sumatra pada tanggal 17 April 1946,diambil suatu keputusan untuk membagi daderah administrasi pemerintahan dalam tiga baagin yaitu Sumatera Utara,Sumatera tengah dan sumatera Selatan , masing-masing dibawah pimpinan seorang Gubernur Muda. Sebagai akibat keputusan konperensi tersebut, Gubernur Sumatera mengangkat Dr.Adnan kapau gani (Residen Palembang) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Selatan,yang meliputi Keresidenan Palembang,Lampung,Bengkulu dan bangka_Belitung. Kemudian diangkat dr M.Djamil (Residen sumatera Barat) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Tengah,yang meliputi  Keresidenan Sumatera barat,Riau dan Djambi. Dalam kjaitan ini, Mr Hermani,Gubernur Keliling diperbantukan pada menteri dalam negeri, dalam kunjungan ke Sumatera bersama Menteri Penerangan Mr Amir Sjarifuddin dalam bulan april 1946,mengusulkan kepada gubernur sumatra supaya mengangkat T.T.Daudyah(Residen Aceh) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, akan tetapi salah seorang staf Gubernur Sumatra menginggatkan bahwa T.T.Daudsyah adalah seorang putera Aceh,dan demikian pula dengan gubernur sumatra, jadi dari pandangan psikologis kedua pejabat ini berasal dari satu daerah keresidenan,oleh karena kita berhasrat dan bertujuan ke arah nasional Indonesia,maka kita harus mengangkat seorang Gubernur Muda untu sumatera Utara,yang memenuhi syarat psikologis ketiga keresidenan yang meliputi Sumatera Utara. Dalam kaitan itu Staf gubernur Sumatera tersebut mengusulkan supaya mengangkat Mr.S.M.Amin ,kepala Jawatan Kehakiman Keresidenan Aceh,menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, berhubung beliau adalah putera seorang guru dari Mandailing(keresidenan Tapanuli) lahir di Krueng Raba Aceh Besar,kawin dengan seorang puteri Aceh.tinggal dan bekerja di aceh dan mempunyai kaum keluarga di Keresidenan Sumatera Timur,ringkasnya beliau duikenal orang di sumatera Utara.Stelah memepertimbangkan usul tersebut,Gubernur Sumatera memutuskan mengangkat Mr S.M.Amin menjadi Gubernur Muda sumatera Utara.

april,21th.1946

the earliest Used Overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Handelzegel(traderevenue)  2x f1.50 on complete document

April,25th.1946

Th rare post mark Bantoelah Pindjaman Nasional 1946(National o9bligation) on  prive chinese overseas card sent from moentilan to koedoes with Dai Nippon Java stamp  10 cent,

also look the two document relation with national obligations:

(a)  the other National fund 1946 postmark on Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cen postal stationer with PTT repoeblik Indonesia postmark,the stamp off,

(b)the form for buying the National fund obligation 1946 

(c) The National fund obligation 1946 with interaest 4 % per years.

April.27th.1946

Postally used cover with Repoblik Dai nipppoon local sumatra definitive stamp 40 sen without overprint send from CDS padang to Bukittinggi.

May 1946

The PTT Batavia (AMACAB) Alliede Military Aministration Civil Affair Branch CDS on Nica USA wihelmina stamp PTT Batvia- C ,off cover collections(repair Postmark.(rare amacab postmark)

 and look the illustration of Amacab Bandoeng officila handcpode on small book.

The native NRI calender May 1946 design wayang with NRI revolution info Nov 1945 with Jules Harmand and Thucijadides phylosophy.

The Vintage Book ‘s Illustration Of Gouvenur Sumatra T.M.Hassan  and Resident South sumatra Dr Mah.Isa when the gouvenor visit South sumatra.

MAY 1946

the picture of  Sumatra NRI national Police ,Commisaris Roestam effendi and commisaris Elias Siregar ,chief police intel Labuhan Batu) with Guvernor sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan during visit Labuhan batu,east sumatra .

b. Barisan SPECIAL POLICE

1). Residency Government Leader Dr. Tapanuli taken. F.L. TOBING see the tremendous development of SPECIAL POLICE FORCES Balige and the insistence INDONESIA NATIONAL COMMITTEE. In Tarutung at the top command Tapanuli Government Chief Residency Tapanuli The Special Police Forces Leadership Balige MAS KADIRAN transferred to Capital Tapanuli in Tarutung and handed over to Police Toba SIHOMBING Sarif.

2) Special Police Forces move to the capital Tapanuli in Tarutung with the task of enforcing law and maintaining security and ensuring security throughout the Residency Tapanuli, based on the decision of Mr FL Resident Tapanuli TOBING “POLICE SPECIAL FORCES” in changing his name to “row the Residency Tapanuli SPECIAL POLICE”.

3). By changing the name of “POLICE SPECIAL FORCES” to “Barisan SPECIAL POLICE” the scope and powers greater then the MAS KADIRAN want to add strength and its weapons and demolition plan immediately KADIRAN MAS Weapons and Ammunition Japan in Tarutung, talks with Army Chief of Japan in Sibolga Padang Sidempuan and Nopan City. From the results of these negotiations MAS KADIRAN received weapons from the Japanese Army in the form of eight shoots Bren Machine Gun MK-II, Aircraft Machine Gun Shooter 2 shoots and ammunition of various types of weapons 100 sacks and 8 Peti

4). With increasing Weapons and Ammunition of the Japanese Army then MAS KADIRAN add 100 Members

5) again taken from the former Dutch Army, GYOGUN, HEIHO and Youth-Youth from all regions in the Residency Tapanuli to 350 people with Organic arrangement consists of three sections Rifle 180 people, sexy Procurement and Members of 40 people. 1 Armament section 15, and Health Section 15.

look the picture of vice president Moh.Hatta when visit Tebing Tinggi east sumatra.

c. SOCIAL REVOLUTION IN Tapanuli

1). The existence of elements in the Regional Security Pengacau Tapanuli calling itself “Laskar People” from the East Sumatra consisting of Ft RATE, INTEREST RATE Tapanuli ACEH and led by ARIFIN Nainggolan with her friends with a view to arresting chiefs (KINGS) existing throughout Tapanuli, with the advent of Social Revolutionary Movement of East Sumatra, then the above command Tapanuli FL Resident Rows TOBING Tapanuli Special Police Leadership Residency at assigned stop MAS KADIRAN Social Revolutionary Movement in Samosir and Sidikalang.

2). After receiving orders from the Resident Tapanuli, then MAS KADIRAN coordinated with the Regiment Commander – III TRI Brigade Lt. Col. XI Tapanuli Siahaan Jansen, in coordination, it was agreed to cooperate in the suppression of what his name MOVEMENT OF SOCIAL REVOLUTION of East Sumatra.

3). On the appointed day the TRI Regiment – Third Brigade, Lieutenant Colonel XI Tapanuli Siahaan Jansen and the cordon MAS SPECIAL POLICE Leaders move toward Pangururan KADIRAN through Dolok bun and TELE. Arriving at Pangururan Force Regiment TRI-III Brigade XI and Barisan SPECIAL POLICE residency Tapanuli terjadiBakutembak with Laskar PEOPLE who will make the Social Revolution in Tapanuli. In this battle the City Pangururan can be seized and Laskar PEOPLE can be disabled and leader Alimin Nainggolan can be captured and became Prisoners transported to Balige its armament and ammunition.

4). after crushing the Social Revolution in Samosir the TRI and BIP moving towards SIDIKALANG to quell the Social Revolutionary Movement in Tapanuli to the border area between Tapanuli and Aceh, after over two months on duty in Dairi Dairi TRI Head of Government – I Regiment Brigade XI and Barisan SPECIAL POLICE conduct negotiations with the present by-CHAIRMAN CHAIRMAN CHAIRMAN ADAT and the Party of the negotiations can be agreed that the Social Revolution in stop and never happen again. Thus TRI and BIP can restore and recover the Regional Security in Dairi and surrounding areas.

5) At the BIP and TRI served in Dairi, in Tarutung an arrest of the chief residency Tapanuli and Staff-staff and held in that Balige charges as an accomplice with the Dutch by “Volk FRONT Tarutung” and will be brought to Sumatra Siantar P. east to the court. In order to enforce the law and restore Kewibawaan Police. MAS KADIRAN Republic of Indonesia is taking steps to hold negotiations with Volk CHAIRMAN and CHIEF FRONT PARTY Pesindo, the results of the talks held by the Chief Legal Tarutung examination of this examination there is no evidence PolisiKeresidenan Hand Foot Tapanuli as the Dutch finally Residency Tapanuli Police chief. M. Nurdin and his staff freed and returned to duty in Tarutung.

d. SPECIAL POLICE MOVE row to Sibolga

Due to the circumstances Politis, Capital Tapanuli transferred to Sibolga, then by order of the Resident Tapanuli Dr. F.L. TOBING the Army ranks SPECIAL POLICE Tapanuli residency in Move to Sibolga in mid-May 1946 SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli row Move to Sibolga. In Sibolga MAS KADIRAN build dormitories for members of the Barisan SPECIAL POLICE

May,1st.1946

The collection of verious type fifteen sen -,15 sen  black repoblik Indonesia java revenue unperfortated,earlist date 1.5.46, the latest date 1.7.46.

and other collection the latest date  7.12.1946.

also one full sheet revenue -.15 sen  in red ,one error plate 93 Lime belas  from normal limabelas.

(amizing historic revenue collections)

May,2nd.1946

 The rare Djkarta Emergency Porto handchopped on postally used cover from solo to Djakrta,(gis the rare collections of Mr Ricardo ever show at Indonesia phillatelic exhibiton 1995  at Djakarta Fair Kemayoran-Dr Iwan Nite,sorry this fotocopy recoloured)

May,7th.1949

(a)Same as before document, the recieved of House rent bill by the NRI Magelang Housing Office

(b) the rare error printing bold f 1,50 repoblik Indonesia sumatra revenue,used on fragment ,compere with the normal revenue.

May,10th.1946

Postally used registered cover send from Tandjongradja(south Sumatra) to the same village , with 25 X overprint RI in box on  Dai Nippon def.stamp 40 cent(b)

May,13th.1946

With the removal of senior police officers from Padang to Bukittinggi, Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue gets the task to foster and develop the organization’s Special Police. Exercises for Special Police started on May 13, 1946 until August 17, 1946 located at the police complex, Jl. Birugo Bukittinggi (now complex SMA Negeri 2). The Instructors at the Special Police training is comprised of police officers and TRI and civilian government officials.

Special Police Seselesainya exercise, in New York City was inaugurated by the Chief of Police of West Sumatra Residency establishment “Barisan Special Police” (BIP). Members of the BIP are members drawn from the Special Police Bukittinggi graduate training and selection of members of the Police Who Are experienced in the struggle in front of Padang. As a commander for the BIP was appointed Superintendent of West Sumatra, I Amir Mahmud starting September 1946. Then in terms of uniformity units Police, West Sumatra, BIP was transformed into West Sumatra Mobiele Brigade (Brigade Mobiele Name / MOBBRIG later Became Brigade / BRIMOB).

 May,11th.1946

The earliest used on document,trade revenou overprint repoeblik Indonesia on dutch trade revenue  f6,-

May,15th.1946(b)

the rvery rare and historic document of middle sumatra  Cirulair Letter issued by The chief  of NRI PTTT  Middle Sumatra Mas sudibjo.on native  primitive” kertas merang”(b)

REGIONAL HEAD OFFICE

PTT SOEMATREA CENTRAL

PADANG

Padang 15th May 1946

LETTER CIRCULAR

  Regional Head PTTR in Boekittinggi telegraph (telegraph) zebagai Here:

Request submitted pengaharapan (wish) I as follows, sesungguhpun know / feel one (feel) I think a comma employee difficulties that we are not spared from the obligation as citizens generally NRI employees PTTR particular point. because the atmosphere today is so precarious coma and struggles PTTR lighting is very important we get the point I hope is that all employees of the postal telegraph telephone PTTR raio and techniques to meet its obligations even harder and now with the wisdom to overcome all kewsukaran with each fixed point free.

The call of our leaders in Boekittinggi have krera (seing) dengsr which time we no longer meaningful for us, even as we wind through the course which, after passing, do not have the scars anymore. but it is not one of our leaders, nor salahseruan it, because our leaders are forced to repeat (repeat) call-serua. let us find what sevbanya appeal was not successful (a) satisfactory. Let us look for cause-sebanya,

Especially we should ask ourselves dirti us, why should we uphold and maintain our independence and how we are? (Not our freedom someone or yourself). The question was not necessary kirta answered with a loud, because the answers are found (obtained) with a hard twelah that we are our words, let us jwab question within our own hearts, with a pure heart, with God Almighty Ynang as a witness. may be among us there are different answers and the answer issued by keras.Buat their voices in the present is still padaAllah so we ask the Almighty, let’s hope they can diinsjafkan.

I believe. That some of the greatest of the employees could PTTR Memperthankan Nusa Independence and the nation with the body and jiwanya.Saya understand, bhawa they want to become fighters dibarisan skali front. I then understood also that such a high spirit of struggle is very difficult to disabrkan (ditenagkan). they do not feel happy because there is no chance to prove it’s ability dibaris front, but they forget that there are struggles in the front row behind dapula barisa. Front row (front) becomes weakened, even disappeared jikia unassisted rearguard. Conversely also rearguard will not achieve victory, not the goal juika dperjuangkan by vanguard (Army). It is evident that the second-row two equally important and equally pulanh derajatnya.Tidak where we feel inferior or disadvantaged (more or less) than the soldiers . if a soldier fallen in its obligations, he is revered as a hero who did not know fear. We who fought back digais, the daily suffering some kind of trouble, such as shortages of food, clothing and others, we see how difficult it is our family’s life, see also, that aank wife will gradually become thinner, although the difficulty of such circumstances we do not stop stopped menjalalankan obligations, we are struggling for Independence homeland and we actually Nation kita.Bukankah Phlawan a very high degree? It’s just generally not buzzed-dengungkan kita.itupun services and personnel are not necessary, because our purpose is not to find a name, do not seek power, we have only one objective, namely Independence homeland and nation.

How is our official position (PTTR) perjuanagn Inui future? We all know that PTTR is an official who maintains communications, transportation is needed at all by the government, by TRI, for memperjuangka our Independence. If communications break, orders and instructions issued by the center will not reach the branches and twigs, so it will be chaos arises. Masyarakatpun need pejabatan (office) PTTR, how perkabaran (news) will be able to walk, if not menyelenggarakannya PTTR? We still remember, bhawa PTTR who awaken and encourage Sumatra towards independence, because PTTR that can broadcast any news diteria of Jawa.Tidak need to be explained further, that the actual PTTR sjaraf veins in the fight and just hope the above information masyarakat.Dengan employees PTTR will insjaf about the importance of strength in the struggle for Independence, and will insjaf also about obligations. However, until now among employees PTTR there are those who ignore ignore his service (wasting), which mnmenganggap PTTR penting.adapula not that sad attitude, namely to consider itself independent of all rules and obligations, they are not obedient to the leader. Taanyakan power to them (ask) Dimanakas over the world there are sodium absorption ratio independent states have rules and discipline? If they are with actual, as the true desires of Independence Indonesia Tanah water was not likely the incident mentioned above.

Let our slogan: “Once Free REMAIN freedom” we added to the “CAN sick with various DIFFICULTIES FOR INDEPENDENCE:

Independent

Regional Head Central PTTR S.

Signs tanggan Soedibjo

To Sewluruh Employees PTTR

Central Sumatra

Head to Head-office, was asked this eruan letter read to employees, if necessary with the lighting, After that each employee should read his own and signed tanganinya

The regional head S.tengah PTTR

Soedibjo signature. (Mas Soedibjo)

 

original Info

KANTOR KEPALA DAERAH

PTT SOEMATREA TENGAH

PADANG

Padang  15 mei 1946

SURAT EDARAN

  Kepala Daerah  PTTR di Boekittinggi  mengawatkan(telegram) zebagai Berikut :

Minta disampaikan pengaharapan (wish)  saya sebagai berikut, sesungguhpun  mengetahui/merasai(merasakan)  kesukaran  pegawai koma saya berpendapat  yang kita tak luput dari kewajiban sebagai warga negara NRI  umumnya  pegawai  PTTR  khususnya  titik  . karena  suasana dewasa ini sangat genting koma penerangan PTTR dan  perjuangan kita bertambah penting sekali titik saya  berharap  sangat agar  seluruh pegawai PTTR pos telegram telefon  raio dan teknik memenuhi kewajibannya lebih giat lagi dan sekarang  dengan mengatasi segala kewsukaran dengan  kebijaksanaan masing-masing titik tetap merdeka.

Seruan pemimpin kita di Boekittinggi telah krera(seing) kali kita dengsr yang mana tidak berarti  lagi buat kita, malahan seperti  angin saja jang melalui kita, sesudah lewat,tidak ada bekasnya lagi. akan tetapi  itu bukanlah salah pemimpin kita, dan  juga bukan salahseruan itu,oleh karena  pemimpin kita terpaksa  mengulang-ulang(repeat) seruan-serua. marilah kita mencari apa sevbanya seruan  itu tidak berhasil yang(dengan) memuaskan .Marilah kita mencari  sebab-sebanya,

Terutama kita harus bertanya kepada dirti kita kita sendiri, mengapa kita  menegakkan dan mempertahankan Kemerdekaan kita dan bagaiman kita?(bukan kemerdekaan kita seseorang atau sendiri).Pertanyaan itu tidak perlu kirta jawab dengan secara keras, karena jawaban yang didapati(diperoleh) dengan secara keras itu twelah kita sama kata kami, marilah kita jwab  pertanyaan itu didalam hati kita sendiri,  dengan hati yang suci, dengan Allah Ynang Mahakuasa sebagai saksi. boleh jadi diantara kita ada yang jawabannya  berlainan dan dengan jawaban yang dikeluarkan dengan suara keras.Buat mereka yang dimasa sekarang masih bersifat demikian  kita mohon padaAllah Yang Maha Esa, moga-moga mereka dapat diinsjafkan.

Saya percaya .bahwa  sebagian yang paling besar dari pegawai PTTR sanggup Memperthankan Kemerdekaan Nusa dan bangsa dengan raga dan jiwanya.Saya mengerti, bhawa mereka ingin skali menjadi  pejuang dibarisan depan. Sayapun mengerti pula, bahwa semangat  perjuangan yang sedemikian tinggi sulit sekali dapat disabrkan (ditenagkan). mereka merasa tidak senang karena tidak ada kesempatan untuk membuktikan kesanggupan itu dibaris depan,akan tetapi  mereka melupakan bahwa didalam perjuangan ada barisan depan dapula barisa  belakang. Barisan Muka(depan) menjadi lemah , bahkan lenyap jikia tidak dibantu barisan belakang. Sebaliknya pula barisan belakang tidak akan mencapai kemenangan ,juika tujuannya tidak dperjuangkan oleh barisan depan(Tentara).NYatalah ,bahwa kedua-dua barisan itu sama pentingnya dan sama pulanh derajatnya.Tidak tempatnya  kita merasa lebih rendah atau berkekurangan(lebih kurang) dari pada tentara.Djika seorang prajurit gugur didalam menjalankan kewajibannya,maka ia dihormati sebagai pahlawan yang tidak tahu akan ketakutan. Kita yang berjuang digais belakang,sehari-hari menderita beberapa macam kesulitan,misalnya kekurangan makanan,pakaian dan lain lain,kita melihat bagaimana sulitnya kehidupan keluarga kita,melihat pula,bahwa aank isteri kita makin lama makin kurus,walaupun keadaan demikian sulitnya kita tidak berhenti-henti menjalalankan kewajiban ,kita berjuang buat Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan Bangsa kita.Bukankah kita sebenarnya Phlawan yang amat tinggi derajatnya? Hanya  saja  umum tidak mendengung-dengungkan jasa dan tenaga kita.itupun tidak perlu, karena tujuan kita tidak mencari nama,tidak mencari pangkat, kita hanya mempunyai satu tujuan,yaitu Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan bangsa.

Bagaimanakah kedudukan Pejabat kita (PTTR) dimasa perjuanagn inui? Kita semua mengetahui bahwa PTTR adalah sebuah pejabat  yang  memelihara perhubungan,perhubungan ini dibutuhkan sekali  oleh pemerintah,oleh TRI, untuk memperjuangka Kemerdekaan kita.  Jika perhubungan putus,perintah dan instruksi yang dikeluarkan oleh pusat tidak akan sampai di  cabang dan ranting-rantingnya, sehingga akan timbullah kekacauan. Masyarakatpun membutuhkan pejabatan(kantor) PTTR, bagaimana perkabaran(berita)  akan dapat berjalan,jika  PTTR tidak menyelenggarakannya? kIta masih ingat,bhawa PTTR lah yang membangunkan dan mendorong Sumatra kearah Kemerdekaan,karena PTTR  yang dapat menyiarkan segala berita yang diteria dari Jawa.Tidak perlu diterangkan lebih jauh, bahwa PTTR  sebenarnya urat sjaraf didalam perjuangan  dan masyarakat.Dengan penerangan diatas  saja harap pegawai PTTR  akan insjaf tentang pentingnya tenaganya didalam perjuangan Kemerdekaan  ini, dan akan insjaf pula tentang kewajibannya. Akan tetapi hingga sekarang diantara pegawai PTTR masih ada yang mengabai-abaikan dinasnya(menyia-nyiakan) , yang mnmenganggap PTTR  tidak penting.adapula  yang sikapnya menyedihkan ,yaitu untuk yang menganggap  dirinya  merdeka dari segala peraturan dan kewajiban, mereka tidak patuh kepada pemimpinnya. Kepada mereka itu daya taanyakan(bertanya) Dimanakas diatas dunia ini ada negara merdeka yang tiak mempunyai peraturan dan disiplin?Jika mereka dengan sebenarnya,sebagai orang Indonesia sejati menghendaki Kemerdekaan Tanah Airnya tidak mungkin kejadian yang tersebut diatas.

Marilah semboyan kita:”SEKALI MERDEKA TETAP MERDEKA” kita tambah dengan”SANGGUP MENDERITA BERMACAM-MACAM KESULITAN UNTUK KEMERDEKAAN:

MERDEKA

Kepala Daerah PTTR S.Tengah

Tanda tanggan Soedibjo

Kepada Seluruh Pegawai PTTR

Sumatera tengah

Kepada Kepala-Kepala kantor, diminta Surat eruan ini dibacakan kepada pegawainya,jika perlu dengan penerangan,Sesudah itu masing-masing pegawai harus membaca sendiri dan menanda tanganinya

Kepala daerah PTTR S.tengah

tanda tangan Soedibjo.(Mas Soedibjo)

May,18th.1948

The Palembang Gas Billing with Dai Nippon sumatra Revenue with Palembang overprint.

Violence between Toba and Karo Bataks in Sumatra.Nasution takes command of the new Siliwangi division of Angkatan Darat (the army), named after the first king of Pajajaran.Soedirman gives speech with Sukarno present: government must work for the principles of the Constitution (UUD 45) and independence.

May,25th.1946

the picture of Lasjkar with mitraljeur.

In the growth of the organization which is an organization kelaskaran perlawaan government armed the people disampin Agency (BKR, TKR, TRI) faces a tricky persolan, which arise between agencies that own or aantara kelaskaran kelaskaran body with official Army bdan, sehingg today 25 May 1946 held a conference to menelesaikan and curb the problem, but for to settle that experiencing a lot of trouble, because the parties agreed only to be held kelaskaran kerjasma and not willing to bind themselves organizationally with the government

original info:

Dalam pertumbuhan organisasi kelaskaran yang merupakan organisasi perlawaan rakyat disampin Badan bersenjata pemerintah(BKR,TKR,TRI) menghadapi persolan yang pelik, yang timbul diantara badan-badan kelaskaran itu sendiri maupun aantara badan kelaskaran dengan bdan Tentara resmi, sehingg pada hari ini 25 mei 1946 diadakan suatu konperensi untuk menelesaikan dan menertibkan  masalah tersebut, tetapi untuk  untuk menyelesaikan hal tersebut mengalamai  banyak  kesulitan, karena pihak kelaskaran hanya menyetujui untuk diadakan kerjasma dan tidak bersedia mengikat diri secara organisatoris dengan pemerintah.

June 1946

Native Repoeblik Indonesia calender June 1946

Government revokes the privileges of Pakubuwono and Mangkunegara houses in Surakarta, under pressure from Soedirman.

June,5th.1946

The NRI Tanah datar Loehak X Koto Income tax ,paid at 5/7.46 with official the NRI chief of  Batipoeh and X koto stamped.(rare )

june,6th.1946

(a)very rare used republic palembang overprin rep. in- donesia  on dai nippon sumatra occupation stamp,used on pp2 pos pakket card  send from palembang to muara enim.

(b) President soekarno publish NRI no.6.tahun Act 1946 or the Act state of danger, and was announced by Defense Minister Amir NRI Sjarifoeddin today and announced by TT.MHD diaceh Atjeh Daoedsjah to the capital on 23 July 1946

 look the picture of Mr Amir Sjarifuddin and Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku mohammad hassan duris Mr Amir Sjarifuddin visit Sumatra.

original info

Presiden soekarno menerbitkan  Undang-Undang NRI no.6.tahun 1946 atau Undang-Undang Keadaan Bahaya, dan diumumkan oleh Menteri Pertahanan NRI Amir Sjarifoeddin hari ini dan diumumkan diaceh oleh  TT.MHD Daoedsjah di kotaraja atjeh  tanggal 23 juli 1946.

June,7th.1946

the extreme rare ,only one ever seen the PTT Repoblic Indonesia Padang Post Office report of NRI Stamps  and form situation  this day used  the dai nippon wage tax form with circulair date stamped Padang rep.Indonesia CDS  10.7.46 , the interesting info:

(a) 100 of 3 sen stamp, 85 of  40 sen stamps, 15 of 20 sen stamp and 116 of 05 sen stamps. the value of Stamps rp.1067,05.Plakzegel(revenue) Rp.3342 ,95, and other postal info in their own code. (found from the postman Soewil own collection which sold to Dr Iwan.)

June,15th,1946

The very rare destination postal Serang bantam west java circulair date stamps CDS biggert type with handwritten 06 for year, CDS 15.6.06 from the Money order fragmen with dancer stamps without overprint(sender post cannot identified)

June,17th.1946(b)

(a) the picture of the frist Indonesian National Police School at Martojoedan Magelang (before and after revolution era catholic seminari)  open by NRI prime menistry St Sjahrir(one newspaper iluustration), and other  Indonational Poslice school .s studen  pictures during practice at school(5 pictures,b)

(b)the other Soewil postman privated stamps notes with repobolik CDS circulaire date stamped Padang 17.6.46, and only one everseen,this made only one for a remembrance postal hstroy, thre type repobli Indonesia local sumatra stamps Soekarno stamps 40 sen, Independence Fund  stamps  red 15 sen and yellow independence fund  40 sen.this the only CDS of fonds kemerdekaan ever found ,please somone who have this stamps on postally used cover to report via comment, Mr V.esbensen info. fro mr rijdag Collections as below:

June,23th.1946

On 23 June 1946, the Dutch showed activity with mortar fire rather hebat.Pihak NRI did not stay silent and do not lose too vengeance that he cried so successfully silence the enemy fire.

On this day at 24.00 at night, the netherlands with a batayon keuatan moving toward Genuk, the battle immediately erupted, because the opposing force, forces repoeblik Indonesia was forced to resign so that the place was successfully occupied by the Dutch and then the existing shooting the  surrounding village

original info

Pada tanggal 23 juni 1946, pihak belanda menunjukkan kegiatannya dengan tembakan mortir yang agak hebat.Pihak NRI tidak tinggal diam dan melakukan juga pembalasan yang tidak kalah serunya sehingga berhasil membungkamkan tembakan musuh.

Pada hari ini jam 24.00 malam, pihak belanda dengan keuatan 1 batayon bergerak ke arah  Genuk, maka pertempuran segera meletus, karena kekuatan lawan,pasukan repoblik Indonesia terpaksa mengundurkan diri sehingga tempat itu berhasil diduduki Belanda dan kemudian mnembak kampubg yang ada disekelilingnya.

June 27

Army units under General Sudarsono open the jail in Surakarta and release Tan Malaka and his followers. Sjahrir is arrested in Surakarta while on an overnight stay the same night, and is taken to the Kraton (Sultan’s Palace) with other notable figures. General Sudarsono’s troops occupy Yogya.Sukarno declares martial law and demands Sjahrir’s release. Troops loyal to Sukarno advance on Surakarta from Surabaya; the loyal Siliwangi division sends troops to Yogya.Adam Malik and other young radicals are arrested.


Soldiers in the Siliwangi Division, 1946.

7.July 1946

Allies officially turn over all of Indonesia except Java and Sumatra to Dutch.

July 2General Sudarsono and Mohamed Yamin visit Sukarno in person, and demand that Sjahrir be replaced by Tan Malaka. Sjahrir, supposedly still a captive, surprises everyone by walking into the room. Sukarno orders that Sudarsono and Yamin be arrested.

July 3“July 3rd Affair”: army units release Adam Malik from jail and demand that Soedirman be put in charge of security. Sukarno takes control of the situation.Sjahrir reorganizes government to include Natsir, Sjarifuddin, the Sultan of Yogya, Haji Agus Salim, and Djuanda.

July,5th.1946

The CDS Padang APandjang for recived income tax at that post office in this day ,the form use Dai nippon Daftar Oepah(Wage Tax)

July,10th.1946

The very rare Repoeblic Indonesia military picture postcard send from

July 15 Van Mook calls conference at Malino, Sulawesi, to plan for new Dutch-sponsored state in eastern Indonesia.

July,25th.1946

The Five Colors(Pantja Warna) Theatre’s  rare pamphlets , serve a special story for the day Thursday 25/07/46 “SOLO at night” (composed by kamadjaja). Artists who took part: Djoerijah, Lies pomegranate, Amelia, Riboet, M. Pandji Anom, Moesas, Awaloeddin and others.

original info

The rare pamphlet Sandiwara Pantja Warna ,menghidangkan suatu cerita istimewa untuk hari kemis 25.7.46 “SOLO DIWAKTU MALAM” (gubahan kamadjaja) .Seniman yang ambil bagian: Djoerijah,Lies delima,Amelia,Riboet,M.Pandji Anom,Moesas,Awaloeddin dan lain-lain.

July,31th.1946

The original Letter with official hand chopped of Resident Soerakarta (b)

August 1946

the native repoblik Indonesia calender,with the caricature picture dutch Tank shooting the chickens(tank Belanda tembak ayam) with logo God save the king,nove 1945 info,the phillosophy of August Bebel(Jika jatuh dalam perjuangan yang hebat, maka turunan kita akan mengantikan kita.Kita jatuh dalam keinsjafan bahwa kita telah memenugi kewajiban kita sebagai manusia,dan dengan kepercayaan bahwa tujuan akan kita capai,bagaimanapun juga perlawanan musuh kita dan betapapun juga besarnya pengorbanan kita) and EPE Douwes dekker(Mereka(penjajah) mendapatkan cita-cita kemerdekaan politik.Mereka dengan sombong dang angkuh mengembar-gemborkan hal itu,yang selalu menjadi alasan untuk menutupi kejahatan mereka,mereka nengaggap kemerdekaannya sebagai kemerddkaaan untuk menindas bangsa lain),rare caricature during this time.

August,7th.1946

the very rare postally used Dai nippon Karbouw 3 1/2 cent postal stioner,overprin Palembang Rep Indonesia in box send from  Tanjoeng Enim to Palembang.

August,9th.1046

The Help Post(bij Post ) Tanjong Priok Batavia circulair date stamped on Wihelmina NICA USA  printing stamp 20 cent off cover(repaired postmark)

August,10th.1946

Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

Name  Soewarto  lower level employees basic salary  first 3 F 30 ,F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

tanggan sign superimposed over the seal of  Plaksegel  the revenue of the republic of Indonesia 50 cent dated 10/08/46 by Marsoedi

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

Nama Soewarto pegawai rendah tingkat 3 dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel  meterai republik Indonesia 50 sen tanggal 10.8.46 oleh Marsoedi

August,12th.1946
Quote decree Chief Officer Post, Telegraph, Telephone and Radio Republik Indonesia, Sumatra Province, Meteapkan began on August 12, 1946, was appointed as Head of Post Offices and telegraph (wire) in Padang.Joesoef title Soetan Komis Bandaro currently in office. Signed by the Head of Public Affairs PTTR Soematra, Bgaian Administration.

copy to the postmaster and wire (telegram) in Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang Indonesia Independence post office revoluition During 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

original info

Kutipan surat keputusan Kepala Pejabat Pos,Telegrap,Telepon dan Radio Republik Indonesia,Provinsi Sumatra, Menetapkan mulai tanggal 12 Agustus 1946,diangkat sebagai Kepala Kantor Pos dan telegrap(kawat) di Padang.Joesoef gelar Soetan Bandaro yang saat ini Komis pada kantor tersebut. Ditanda tangani oleh Kepala PTTR Soematra Urusan Umum, Bgaian Administrasi.

tembusan kepada kepala kantor pos dan kawat(telegram) di Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang post office during Indonesia Independence revoluition 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

(b)Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake lower level employees basic (pokok) salary  first 3 F 30 F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

tangan sign superimposed over the seal of overprint Pati  Plaksegel patgi 2x 10 cents and the seal of the republic of Indonesia 2x 15 cents dated 12/08/46 by Marsoedi

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake pegawai rendah tingkat 3 gaji poko dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel cetak tindih pati 2x 10 sen dan meterai republik Indonesia 2x 15 sen tanggal 12.8.46 oleh Marsoedi

August,14th.1948

The rare specila Posta stationer NRi for Our Young delegetion fund with ship illustration, the fund for join the NRI Youth congress,send from Tjirebon to Djkarta.

August,17th.1948

(a)One years  Republic Indonesiqa Independence proclamation day, west sumatra prepare  special postal stationer card, but the ducth keep all the card and burn, but one card ,the only one exist in the world still found but used latter in 1947 from Priaman to Kayoetanam ,republic Indonesia Area in west  sumatra, with border Loeboek Aloeng.

West Sumatra Special Issue One Year Independent Postal Stationer Card ,Postally Used from Priaman To Kayutanam.

(b) Only one ever seen,nover list in catalogue, extreme rare one years Indonesia Independent -Padang special round postmark on Mr Soewil Padang postman note colletion on a document with five postmark on sumatra repoeblik indonesia revolution stamp

(this postmark from padang never seen on postally used cover, not add the illustration here,because this collections only special for international exhibition showPTT Medan issued special postmark too for anniversary one years independence,this post mark list in catalogue and ever found poostally used, this post mark wuith Medan CDS 18.5.46  was given from mr Gho kong Liang senior Padang Phillatelist to Dr Iwan in 1969-Dr Iwan note)

(d)the very rare only one ever seen  Postally used Dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint  HAND STAMPED TYPE 64 black”ptt repoeblik indonesia”, THIS ONELY ONE CARD IN THE WORLD have send from mr ismail chief of general division PTT Middle sumatra bukittinggi to <r soewil Postman Padang,( Mr v esbensen in his catalogue writeen , Only known CTO boekittinggi 24.1.46,does anyone have used  fragment or cover ? probabbly a phillatelic creation,not in the Dai nippon catalogues. with this original collections , this card not phillatelic creation, but the original emergeny overprint by the chief of PTT middle sumatra, to made free of stamps cover,this very rare cover I sold to Mr Karel in high price,but now he sold at van dieten in 2010, and I donnot now the new owner,please sent info via comment,thanks very muxh-dr Iwan note)

(e) the book illustration of The NRI flag Red and white “dikibarkan” at  east Pegangsaan  street no 56 ‘s  in order to annyversary one year independence .building(b)

(f) The NRI sumatra independence fond  stamps  issued in August,17th 1946 collection on specila album(b)

(g) The Padang Potmaster Soewil had made a amixing CTO postcard,cover and othe type collection for anniversary one year Indonenesia Indpendence day

, (g1)two type cover with overprin Rep Ind on Sumatra T D n Ovpt Kon.10 cend with First NRI stamp without independence fund(two cover)

(g2) The fist Bung Prseidnet sukarno stamps on cover with Independence fond stamps 5,15 and 40 sen stamp(one cover)

(g3)Misperforation of block four Independence fund sumatra  dark brown stamp and mirror image stamps of 40 sen dark brown and 5 sen stamp block three(the only one bigger block exist), also one full sheet of 5 sen with double perforations.

(g4)Independence fund Sumatra first def.Issued stamps mint collection

(g5)the compklete  set overpirnt Rep;Ind;ond dai nipoon Sumatra definitive stamp with  not: in 17.8.46, with handchoped rep:Ind; at Padang Post Officed had  overprint all the stamp in the postoffice by  abbrivation I(ismael),S(soewil), M(marah infdramadewa) and  not known)-two document.

(h) Dutch phillatelic magazibne, september 1946,with the first Bung Karno sumatra stamps and first Java NRI stamp illustration(rare document)

August,25th.1946

the rare People bank(Bank Ra’jat ) saving book Koedus used the Dai nippon Syomin Ginko  Syomin tyokin overprint with red line, front cove,

and at the in book green label of  saving money 22 augustus 1946 F 39.-

August,31th.1946

(a) The rare Mr ricardo collection,postally used overprint Repoeblik Indonesia with bar on DEI dancer 2 cent stamp added  dancer 3 cent adn 4 cent without overprint and porto 1 gulden send from cds Salem 31.8.46 to Djakarta.

(a1)Decree of the Regional Supervisor PTT central Sumatra.

Menginggat and considering all possibilities that would occur in a precarious atmosphere in the city of Padang

Considering that in order to (make) controlling interest in the work of the Indonesian republic dinas PTT

Setting the start date 30/8 .1946 ,removed from the office of Post / wire (telegram) Padang to the Office of the Regional Oversight Kepala PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

Bachtiar clerk (workers) Post Office / wire (telegram) Padang.

Quote this ordinance be sent to:

1, Branch Head PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Post Office / wire (telegram) in Padang

3.yth resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra

4.Yang bersangkutan 

 Supervisory area  PTT Central Sumatra

Ismail signature.

original info:

Surat Keputusan Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra tengah.

Mengnggat serta memperhatikan segala kemungkinan yang akan terjadi dalam suasana genting dikota Padang

Menimbang bahwa untuk(buat) kepentingan mengendalikan pekerjaan dalam dinaas PTT Repoeblik Indonesia

Menetapkan mulai tanggal 30/8_’46 dipindahkan dari kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang ke Kantor Kepla Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra Tengah Bukittinggi

BACHTIAR klerk(pekerja) Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang.

Kutipan ketetapan ini dikirim kepada:

1,Kepala Cabang Pusat PTT Sumatra di Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) di Padang

3.yth residen sumatra barat di bukittinggi

4.Yang bersangkutan

a/n Pengawas Dearah PTT Sumatra Tengah tanda tangan Ismail.

(b) the  star weekly magazine this day info

several illustration ,picture up : Let.general Van mook and Lt.general Manserg look the 31th agustus Parade. the center picture: the Member which “loeka” in the battle with extrimest(dutch called repoblic as ectrimist) also look the parade, below left: The scoot Seaforth highlander  parae(british army) ,below right : the royal Dutch  Marine’s nurse parade.

(A) Oeawan (Papermoney) each f 1000, – boet (for) Ka (to) Djakarta

Below we’ll tell you one thing, which can give the impression to the readers, how “wrong” is actually a state in areas of ditaro (put) were taken care of people who irresponsibly, but that works on behalf of the Indonesian republic. In New York has until (arrive) 68 Chinese people from the area Krawang, that by paying oewang (money) ransom f 1000, – per head has been able to (can) buy the privilege Aken (to) be the area under the control of States ( Djakarta). Boeat (For) the journey that must (should) be done with the dark road ahead after they paid jumalh requested, he was told to gather in one place, then he was (they) are allowed to leave, but moesti (should) do the trip was night and by foot, while the daytime, hey must mengoempet (hiding) in the forest. 68 Chinese, who have come to Djakarta have been menlintas street for three days and four nights, do not be surprised when they arrived at a state Djkarta exhausted.

(B) Tjina (chinese) semoea (entirely) Toeroen (down)! There Tjina tida (not)!

Tionghoa residents, who have not been able atu have no money to pay the money Thiap (help) in the area can only wait and hope for the arrival of help. Every day they are still listening, how if there is a train came in, militias on beteriak (berkaokan): Tjina-China all down, Merdeka Bung! There Tjina not?

With all forms (roepa) roads, prevented people tionghoa make traveling by train, so do not (need to) be surprised if it makes (make) many Chinese living so helter-skelter (trouble) because they could not trade or looking for life.

(C) Leader We must not “oentjang” (rocking) Legs!

From the narrative (story) in the ATS is obvious, that the situation had become so rupa9bentuk) so no time anymore for the Leader We’re sitting in the Committee of the Brotherhood of Chinese-Indonesian and Chinese victims Rescue Committee, as well as the Chinese Consulate-general may continue to remain silent. Tsiang Consul never express his thoughts, that the greatness and terpandangnya tionghoa nation as a great nation state (not nation talukkan or who lost the war) there lies in each person and teruitama tionghoa the leader. So we believe all of the leaders or any person who wishes to be recognized itself as leaders of love (want to) try with all his strength, do not keep playing the most rocking feet or just simply pick up the phone, scroll through your sleeves and take appropriate action immediately. Bnayak among youngsters we are always willing to be sent to where needed, some of them tealh prove the other day with the success of the nation’s soul kita.Segala helped thousands of pointless chatter (nonsense), and protests over the paper just now passed his time

original info

 (a) Oeawan(Papermoney) tiap f 1000,- boet (untuk) Ka(ke)Djakarta

Di bawah ini kita akan ceritakan satu hal, yang dapat memberi kesan pada pembaca,bagaimana “beres” sebenarnya keadaan didaerah yang ditaro(taruh) dibawa penjagaan orang yang tak bertanggung jawab,tapi yang bekerja atas nama pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia. Di Djakarta telah sampe(tiba) 68 orang Tionghoa dari daerah Krawang,yang dengan membayar oewang(uang)  tebusan f 1000,- per kepala telah bisa (dapat)  beli itu hak istimewa aken(untuk) boleh ke daerah yang berada dibawah kekuasaan Serikat(Djakarta). Boeat(Untuk) itu perjalanan  yang musti(seharusnya) dilakukan dengan jalan gelap lebih dahulu sesudah  mereka bayar jumalh yang diminta, ia orang disuruh berkumpul di satu tempat, kemudian ia orang(mereka) di izinkan  berangkat, tapi moesti(harus) lakukan perjalanan  tengah malam buta dan dengan jalan kaki, sedang kalau siang hari ,ereka harus mengoempet(bersembunyi) di dalam hutan. 68 orang Tionghoa itu, yang telah sampai Djakarta telah menlintas jalan itu selama tiga hari empat malam, tidak perlu heran saat sampai di Djkarta keadaan mereka lelah sekali.

(b) Tjina(chinese) semoea(seluruhnya) Toeroen(turun)!Ada Tjina tida(tidak)!

Penduduk tionghoa ,yang belum dapat atu tidak mempunyai uang untuk membayar uang Thiap(bantuan) didaerah hanya bisa menunggu dan mengharapkan datangnya pertolongan. Tiap hari mereka masih saja mendengarkan,bagaiman kalau ada kereta api masuk, laskar-laskar pada beteriak(berkaokan):Tjina-tjina semua turun,Merdeka Bung! Ada Tjina tidak?

Dengan segala bentuk(roepa)  jalan,orang tionghoa dihalang buat bepergian dengan naik kereta api,sehingga tidak usah(perlu) heran kalau cara ini membuat(membikin)  penghidupan banyak orang Tionghoa jadi morat-marit(kesulitan) karena tidak dapat berdagang atau mencari buat hidup.

(c) Pemimpin Kita tidak boleh “oentjang”(goyang) Kaki!

Dari penuturan(berita) di ats ini nyatalah,bahwa keadaan sudah jadi begitu rupa9bentuk) sehingga bukan waktunya lagi untuk Pemimpin Kita yang duduk dalam Panitia Persaudaraan Tionghoa-Indonesia dan Komite Penolong korban Tionghoa,begitu juga Konsulat-general Tiongkok boleh tinggal diam terus. Konsul Tsiang pernah utarakan pikirannya, bahwa kebesaran and terpandangnya bangsa tionghoa sebagai satu bangsa Negara besar (bukan bangsa talukkan atau yang kalah perang) ada terletak pada masing-masing orang tionghoa dan teruitama pada pemimpinnya. Maka kita percaya seluruh pemimpin atau segala orang yang ingin diakui dirinya sebagai pemimipin suka(mau) berusaha dengan segenap tenaganya,jangan terus main guncang kaki atau paling banyak hanya angkat telepon saja, gulunglah lengan baju dan ambil tindakan yang tepat segera. Bnayak antara pemuda pemudi kita senantiasa bersedia untuk dikirim ke tempat yang diperlukan, sebagian mereka tealh buktikan tempo hari dengan berhasilnya ditolong ribuan jiwa bangsa kita.Segala obrolan tak ada gunanya(nonsen) dan protes diatas kertas saja sekarang sudah lewat zamannya.

September1946

Bakti Pertahanan(defend tax) repoeblik Indonesia west sumatra,  f.10. block four  used in september 1946(very rare tax )

(a)KNIP pleno meeting at solo, look the picture of Nr Amir Sjarifuddin talking about the hot situation

and the Sjahrir cabinet  falling down after the oposition “Pesatoen Perjoeangan “(unity Fighting) didnot accept Sjahrir policy”Politik Damai” look the picture of Presiden,vice presiden and prime menistry Sjahrir during the KNIP meeeting.

(b)Talks are reopened between the Sjahrir government and the Dutch at Linggarjati, near Cirebon.

September ,1st.1946

(a)The used Republic Indonesia java revenue -.15 bold  used on buying bicylce bon document.

(b) The Dai Nippon Lottere “oendian Oeang Djaea Gunseikanbu” stiil exist until  september 1st 1946.

September,4th.1946

The CDS Padang Panjang post office on labe for paying Income Tax with Padang Panjang NRI west sumatra tax office NRI official handcoped. (interesting collections found from from my wife grandpa document,I had lend a scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his Revenue catalogue, I hope he remember to put my name a the courtecy, I never seen this very rare NRI Sumatra tax collection in nay exhibiton of catalogue before,may be this only one in the wolrd-Dr Iwan Note).

September,11th.1946

 Mr Goi Tjoen Goan <later The Padang Policeman,lost during PRRI 1958 , decree of Amacab Padang  with fee f 15.- signed by “Het hoof(the chief) der afdeeling Personeele Zaken(prsnonil division of AMACAB) -rare document ,never seen before.(Dr Iwan collections, I know Mr G.T.Goan child, and in 1956 he ever help me to Hospital because my head were “Luka”  with his police double size box Harley davison motorcycle, the hospital now at Cathlic School Framter middle school . the german doctor stich my head,and gave the verband to all my hand like the sikh sorban) and bring me home ,where my Father and Pasto mario just talking in the front of my house in Boendokandoeng street no.16 padang,now broken during big eartquake in 2010,oh I alway remember mr Goei ,the fatman or  called i n indonesia Sigapuk,this for rememberance to his chilred Mrs Lien,now stayed at kelapa gading jakarta, hallo Mrs Lien this  a remembrance of your loving father,Dr Iwan Note)

September 22-24 ,1946

Violent anti-war protests in Amsterdam

.October 1946

October,6th.1946

the Postally used dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint repoeblik in squared box ,PORTO DIBAJAR  and postmark Repoebli indonesia PTT,send from lamongan to Malang

October,10th.1946

The very rare off document ,used block five rep.Indonesia bea meterai(revenue) f 0,15 

 

October 14 th.1946

Preliminary military truce signed at Linggarjati.

October,23th.1946

The  used of Republc Indonesia -,15  bigger bold type Repoeblic Indonesia revenue on complete document, (buying bicycle)

October,24th.1940

People bank(bank Ra’jat) Jogyakarta saving book with NRI revenue -,15 sen ,saving this day 7000. and RI R 140,-

 October,27th.1946

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top prakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days on 8-10 August 1946 to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.
At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar. On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.
The Dayof  “H” is determined date October 27, 1946 at 20:00, the first target Medan east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.
It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to stop it.
Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gun cease fireg held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line. British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Three days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Pulau Brayan on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

October ,27th.1946

The Cover and income tax form from the Tax Office Djakarta

 ,the cover used dai nippon Djkarta Tokubetu-si Oeroesan Padjak, the Tokubetu-si overprin red pen lines. free stamp CDS Djkarta 21.10.46 with official stamped “National government Djakrta  Tax division round stamped.

October,28th.1946

(a)the very rare  used repoeblik Indonesia f o,5o and f 1,- on frament document  type WSR 2 ,

only one fragment used ever seen, not many used becaus e devaluation, the mint of f 0,50 and f 1.- found in bigger blog look below;

(b)The complete sold and buy Land ‘s document with 3x NRI revenue -.50 sen .

October ,29th .194

(b1)the recieved money for buying  sero(bonds) of cigarete Menara koedoes, 29.10.46. the three red paper document (kwitansi) with same date this day with  different Repoeblic Indonesia f -,15 one small bold ,bigger bold and small  thin type.

(b2) The picture of Central Jakarta Post Office,during many people exchange Dai nippon Money with Republic indonesia Money(ORI)

November 1946

The book illustration of delegation picture at Lingarjadi in nopember 1946. from lefft to right Dr Leimena,Drs Gani,DR van Mook,Mr Moh roem,Mr amir sjarifuddin, Prof Ir Dr Schermerhors,Mr susanto Tirtoprodjo,M van Poll,F de Boer,Prime St Sjahir,mr A.pringodigdo,Dr Sudarsono and Mr ali Budiarj0, this meeting have made the Political agrrement “Persetujuan Lingarjati” where the dutch “mengakui kekuasaan” de facto republic power on Jawa and Sumatra.

First rupiah banknotes are issued by the Republic.

SOBSI umbrella group of labor organizations is organized with PKI support.

November,3rd.1947

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line.

British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

November 15.1946.

(a)Linggajati agreement: Dutch recognize Republic of Indonesia authority in Java, Sumatra and Madura. Both sides agree to form United States of Indonesia with Netherlands crown as symbolic head.

(b)British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce

November 20

(a)Battle of Marga: resistance on Bali led by Ngurah Rai is defeated by Dutch forces.


Ngurah Rai was a leader in the Indonesian independence struggle on Bali. Today, the major airport at Denpasar is named for him.

(b) DORT Camp C Gjogja POW letter send  to Djakarta via Djokja and Jakreta Red Corss (official stamped)  and CDS repoblic Indonesia Card stationer  bron numeric 10 centin this day

November,21th.1947

(a)On 21 November 1947, Pulau Brayan Villige (near Medan) , the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan.

(b)  small letter from the chief of Tionghoa nation area Tjojoedan with chinese char Kepala Tiong-jwa Tjojoedan Soerakarta  official squared cbhopped.

November,25th.1946

 Postally nused on fragment  overprint REp: Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definive 20 send and 3 x NRI Indonesia sumatra  stamp with fond kemerdekaan 40 sen CDS Sawahloento 25.11.46.(rare collections,especially if in full cover)November,26th.1946

The rare Income tax paid at cds Padang 26.11.46 (padang in 1947 occupied by Dutch)

the same income tax from Padang Pandjang.

November 29

Last British troops leave Indonesia.Dutch Capt. Raymond Westerling begins campaign in South Sulawesi against Republican youths. Westerling and his men commit many war crimes against citizens, including atrocities against children and hospital patien


Capt. Raymond Westerling was a notorious rogue officer for the Dutch during Indonesia’s war of independence. He headed a KNIL detachment called the Depot Speciale Troepen, which was implicated in war crimes which took as many as 5000 civilian lives. Most of the DST troops were actually Indonesians from Maluku. He returned to the Netherlands in 1950, and lived there until 1987.

12.December 1946

 

December,1st.1947

At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night.

December,5th.1949

The rare Tjideng Camp(women dutch POW camp) help Postoffice Batavia (Bij Postkantoor Tjideng kamp’Batavia) CDS 16 DES 1946 hand stamped in violet ink stamped. on Ned Indie NICA USA printing stamps 71/1 cent.(read about this camp and  ilustration at hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress searc Kisah Tawanan Perang dai Nippon bagian kelimDr Iwan note)

December,20th.1946

The Telok Betong Lampong Taman Siswa’s school report 1946-1947,and at back Taman siswa Bonds(andeel) 1927

December 18-24.1946.

Dutch create state of East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur at a conference in Denpasar, Bali. Capital of the new NIT is Makassar, and it includes the entire eastern half of Indonesia. Sjahrir protests.”Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” coalition packs KNIP with pro-Linggajati members.

The Dutch delayed signing the Linggajati agreement for months. Many of their actions over the following six months appeared to be aimed at undermining it.

December,30th.1946

 Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

     

 

  . ,

 

  . .             .                  

 

PS. harap pembaca sabar, karena proses install sample secara bertahap, buku elektronik yang lengkap hanya buat anggota premium dari Dr Iwan Blog. segera daftarkan jadi anggota, dan memesan buku elektronik dalam bahasa ini yang jumlahnya hanya 100 ekspl. hubungi editor via comment untuk info lebih lanjut. terima kasih atas perhatian pembaca.

Dr Iwan Notes.

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War’s Postal And Document History Collections part one in 1945(Koleksi Revolusi Dan Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia 1945)

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :Dr Iwan Book Show

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION & WAR

 part one 1945

Base On Dr Iwan Postal And Document Collections

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS.THE ILLUSTRATION WILL INSTALL LATER,SPECIAL FOR PREMIUM MEMBER.

The Driwan’s Indonesia Independence Revolution And War  Cybermuseum

Prolog in August 1945

1.July 1945

 (1)DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA’S  JULY CALENDER

THE  DAI NIPPON MILITARY OCCUPATION JAVA’S CALENDER COLLECTION , JULY  2605 (1945) with few days of August , THE LAST MONTH BEFORE SURRENDER TO THE ALLIED ARMED FORCES, AND THE BACK OF THIS CALENDER A NOTE HANDWRITTEN Married 16/7-1941 no.124 at Soerabaja.

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

(, if some have the other month,  August until December ‘s Calender please show us-auth).

(2)In July 1945  Daan Mogot graduated from PETA

During the Japanese occupation, Daan Mogot entered the military organization formed by native Japanese in Java, the Defenders of the Homeland or PETA. The year was 1942, he became a member of PETA’s first generation. Daan Mogot actual age has not been determined eligible by the Japanese of 18 years. At that time he was 14 years old.

Because of his accomplishments, he was appointed manager of PETA members in Bali, then moved in Jakarta. When I was in Bali, he got two true friends of Kemal Idris and Zulkifli Lubis.

Those from Japan Seinen Dojo instructor was appointed as a Assistant Instructor. Therefore, training will be given to them much lighter than had ever received training at the Dojo in Tangerang Seinen. Education and training can be accomplished through four generations. The first batch started in December 1943 and the fourth generation, the last completed month of July 1945, before the Japanese surrender to the Allies on August 15, 1945.

There are 50 people taken from the first batch of trainees to attend educational “guerilla warfare” under the command of Captain Yanagawa. Among those who participated a special exercise that is Daan Mogot, Kemal Idris, Zulkifli Lubis, Kusno Wibowo, Sabirin Mukhtar, Syatibi and Effendi. The type of exercise is given, among others, how to maintain a dove, because birds that can be used for communication devices. In addition they are trained how to use a good weapon to face the opponent.

After the 50th person inducted into the officer, they no longer served as an Assistant Instructor, but a shodancho.

Once inducted into PETA officers, each officer returned to his native region. In Bali, Daan Mogot, Zulkifli Lubis and Kemal Idris, along with several other officers set up PETA and PETA train candidates in there. The reason Japan founded PETA in Bali because Bali is considered a defense areas and landing sites. For that power is prepared, especially in the Nagara and Klungkung. Japan gives credence to the Daan Mogot train in Tabanan, Kemal Idris in the Nagara and Zulkifli Lubis in Klungkung. Although the three friends separated their posts, but they always make contact, either discuss matters relating to training as well as about the fate of people who are suffering under the soles of the invaders. Specific training activities when it is preparing to face an enemy attack the defense on the beach. During the year the shodancho in Bali is doing well. The next year they should be separated. Four people shodancho should go back to Java, while Daan Mogot, Zulkifli Lubis, and Kemal Idris, who stayed. They act as instructors PETA, provide training to prospective officers until they are proficient in various fields of the army.

Daan Mogot is famous in the history of the revolution time of war to maintain the independence of Indonesia in fighting in the forest-Serpong, Tangerang Banten Lengkong, when the Military Academy Midshipman Tangerang he leads try to seize weapons from the Japanese army on 25 January 1946.

Ironically, while he struggled to maintain the independence of Indonesia even willingly fall on the battlefield, his father was killed by robbers who thinks “people Manado” (Minahasa people) as londoh-londoh (minions) the Netherlands.

One time, Major Daan Mogot meet with his cousin Alex Kawilarang. Wearing a green cap, he was down on his motorcycle. 17-year-old youth was later picked up by Alex on the roadside, and he showed the face of joy. A warm meeting place. Then they chatted in the house. Daan Mogot told me that he now lives in New Asem Jalan, riding on the family Singgih. Immediately disambungnya story of the struggle. About the attacks in Pondok Gede. He is also a story about his father who had just killed, is not known with certainty by whom. “A lot of true anarchy going on here,” said Alex. “Indeed, it is a must Torang clean up. Therefore, the weapon must be in the hands of Torang pe “continued Daan. He said again to Alex, “Torang, people of Manado, do not do the absurd. Caution, caution! Torang must actually demonstrate, at the side where we are. “

Then Daan also talked about his thoughts on a college to educate the youth who want to become soldiers, who later turned out to happen, is the establishment of “military academy” (military academy) on November 18, 1945 in Tangerang.

As a sponsor realization of the idea of ​​establishing a military academy school, then on 18 November 1945 he was appointed as Director of the Military Academy Tangerang (MAT) at the time he was 17 years old. Actually in Yogyakarta also stand Military Academy Yogya (Yogya MA) almost simultaneously, which is dated 5 November 1945. The idea of ​​establishing a military academy is indeed like that be imagined by Daan Mogot.

 
 

1a.Early August 1945:
The Shimoda detachment of the First Special Attack Force (12 Kairyu type midgets) receives a report about the sighting of an American submarine shelling Mikimoto lighthouse, off Shimoda harbor. A Kairyu is diespatched to intercept the submarine, but fails to locate it.

6 August 1945:
At 0815, Colonel (later Brig Gen) Paul W. Tibbetts’ B-29 “Superfortress”, nicknamed “ENOLA GAY”, of the 509th Composite Group, drops the 15-kiloton yield “Little Boy” uranium atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

Colonel Tibbetts with B-29 ENOLA GAY 

That same day, following TG 35.3′s bombardment of Kushimoto, four Kaitens are deployed from Otsujima base to Tanabe to be attached to the Sixth Special Attack Unit. 

8 August 1945:
Moscow declares that from 9 August 1945, the Soviet Government will consider itself to be at war with Japan. 

9 August 1945:
At 1101, Major (later Brig Gen, ANG) Charles W. Sweeney’s B-29 “BOCKSCAR”, of the 509th Composite Group’s 393rd Bomb Squadron, drops the 21-kiloton yield “Fat Man” plutonium atomic bomb, on Nagasaki. [4] 

That same day, carrying out Stalin’s pledge at Yalta, Marshal Aleksandr Vasilevsky, CINC, Soviet Far East Forces, launches Operation “August Storm”, the invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria (Manchukuo). The attack is made by three Soviet army groups (“fronts”) comprising 80 divisions of 1.5 million men. In less than two weeks, the Soviets defeat General Yamada Otsuzo’s depleted and ill-equipped Kwantung Army of over 600,000 men. [5] 

10 August 1945:
Japan offers to surrender to the Allies, if Emperor Hirohito (Showa) is allowed to remain the nominal head of state. 

12 August 1945:
The United States announces it will accept the Japanese surrender and that the emperor can remain in a ceremonial capacity. 

Shikoku, Kochi Prefecture. That same evening, the Suzaki kaiten detachment of the Eighth Special Attack Unit receives a report about the sighting of an enemy task force off Shionomisaki, Wakayama Prefecture. Based on that information the local IJA commander expects a landing at Tosa Bay the next morning. Two kaitens are immediately dispatched to Tosa Bay and sortie at 0600 the next morning, but fail to locate the enemy and return by 1000. 

13 August 1945:
Tokyo. At an evening conference attended by General Umezu Yoshijiro, Chief of the Army General Staff and Admiral Toyoda Soemu (33), (former CO of HYUGA), Chief of the Navy General Staff , the Vice Chief of the NGS, wild-eyed Vice Admiral Onishi Takijiro (40)(former XO of KAGA) proposes “that if we are willing to sacrifice 20 million Japanese lives in special attacks (kamikaze), victory can still be achieved!” 

14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage. 

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement


Dutch prisoners just after release from a Japanese concentration camp, 1945.Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire. 

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

August,15th.1945

the rare money order fragment send to Serang CDS 15.8.05 ,and  the date on the  money order 2605,

 

at front  ned.indie dancer  2x 71/2 cent the cds not clear .

17 August 1945

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the documents signatories.

In 1945 when the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed on August 17, 1945, Daan Mogot become a prominent leader of the Security Barisan Rakyat (BKR) and TKR (People’s Security Army) with the rank of Major. This is a unique at that time, Major Daan Mogot was only 16 years!

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia.

The draft was prepared only a few hours earlier, on the night of August 16, by Sukarno, Hatta, and Soebardjo, at Rear-Admiral Maeda (Minoru) Tadashi’s house, Miyako-Doori 1, Jakarta (now the “Museum of the Declaration of Independence“, JL. Imam Bonjol I, Jakarta). The original Indonesian Declaration of Independence was typed by Sayuti Melik.[2][3] Maeda himself was sleeping in his room upstairs. He was agreeable to the idea of Indonesia‘s independence, and had lent his house for the drafting of the declaration. Marshal Terauchi, the highest-ranking Japanese leader in South East Asia and son of Prime Minister Terauchi Masatake, was however against Indonesia’s independence, scheduled for August 24.

While the formal preparation of the declaration, and the official independence itself for that matter, had been carefully planned a few months earlier, the actual declaration date was brought forward almost inadvertently as a consequence of the Japanese unconditional surrender to the Allies on August 15 following the Nagasaki atomic bombing. The historic event was triggered by a plot, led by a few more radical youth activists such as Adam Malik and Chairul Saleh, that put pressure on Soekarno and Hatta to proclaim independence immediately. The declaration was to be signed by the 27 members of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) symbolically representing the new nation’s diversity. The particular act was apparently inspired by a similar spirit of the United States Declaration of Independence. However, the idea was heavily turned down by the radical activists mentioned earlier, arguing that the committee was too closely associated with then soon to be defunct Japanese occupation rule, thus creating a potential credibility issue. Instead, the radical activists demanded that the signatures of six of them were to be put on the document. All parties involved in the historical moment finally agreed on a compromise solution which only included Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta as the co-signers ‘in the name of the nation of Indonesia’

Soekarno had initially wanted the declaration to be read at Ikada Plain, the large open field in the centre of Jakarta, but due to unfounded widespread apprehension over the possibility of Japanese sabotage, the venue was changed to Soekarno’s house at Pegangsaan Timur 56. In fact there was no concrete evidence for the growing suspicions, as the Japanese had already surrendered to the Allies, and the Japanese high command in Indonesia had given their permission for the nation’s independence. The declaration of independence passed without a hitch.Please read the details below.


Provisional guards for President Sukarno, Jakarta, 1945.

15 August 1945: Cessation of Hostilities:

18 August 1945:
The Red Army makes three amphibious landings in northern Korea, one landing in Sakhalin and one at Shimushu, Kurile Islands. Korea is subsequently divided at the 38th parallel into Soviet and U.S. zones. After the surrender of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria, about 590,830 Japanese are sent to PoW camps in Siberia. [6] 

Surrender(National Archives) 

2 September 1945: Formal Surrender Ceremonies:
Tokyo Bay. Japanese representatives arrive on board USS MISSOURI (BB-63) more than two weeks after Japan accepted the Allies’ terms. Foreign Minister Shigemitsu Mamoru and General Umezu Yoshijiro, Chief of the Army General Staff are in the front row. Witnessing the surrender on behalf of the IJN are Rear Admiral, the Baron, Tomioka Sadatoshi (former CO of OYODO)(middle row, behind Umezu), Rear Admiral Yokoyama Ichiro (former CO of KUMA)(back row, right) and Captain Shiba Katsuo (former CO of OI) (back row, behind Tomioka). The others present are the witnesses of the IJA and the Foreign Ministry. At about 0905, Shigemitsu and Umezu sign the Instrument of Surrender, followed by General of the Army, Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander for the Allied Forces, Fleet Admiral Chester A. Nimitz, representing the United States, and eight representatives of the Allied Forces. 

At the time of surrender, 43 Kaiten torpedoes (mostly Type 1 or Type 1 Improved) are located at Otsujima base, 52 at Hikari, 39 at Hirao, 37 at Kure and 16 at Oga. All are destroyed or scuttled after the end of hostilities. 224 Kairyu submersibles were built by the end of war plus another 207 were in various stages of completion. In addition to about 115 Koryus built during the war, some 500 are found incomplete. 

With the War’s end, Operation “Downfall” is cancelled. General of the Army George C. Marshall, CoS, U.S. Army, estimates up to one million casualties for the invasion of Japan, but a contemporary Army study estimates the invasion and subsequent Battle for Japan would have cost as many as four million American casualties, including up to 800,000 fatalities, and five to ten million Japanese fatalities. 

If Downfall had become necessary and American forces were contested heavily in southern Japan, the Soviets most probably would have secured Hokkaido and invaded northern Honshu. This may have led to the vanquished nation’s partitioning into North and South Japan, as occurred in Korea and persists to this day.

B. The chronology of Indonesian Independent Proclamation

a.SUNDAY-AUGUST.12th.1945

__________________________________

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

(, if some have the other month,  August until December ‘s Calender please show us-auth).

A John Lennon Remembrance in Words for the 60th Anniversary of Hiroshima
     
The first atomic bomb
Imagine there’s no Heaven
It’s easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us only sky
Imagine all the people
Living for todayImagine there’s no countries
It isn’t hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peaceYou may say that I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will be as oneImagine no possessions
I wonder if you can
No need for greed or hunger
A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the worldYou may say that I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will live as one– Lyrics to “Imagine” by
John Lennon, 1971.
A-bomb goes off on Hiroshima
   
A watch that survived the blast which stopped at precisely 8:15
Devastation in Hiroshima….
   
One day after the bomb blast
Boy with burned back
   
A woman whose face is disfigured from the blast. Later, when the rain would fall, some of the mobile survivors would actually drink the rain water which was poisonous with radiation.
Young Japanese boy suffers from radiation burns
   
Japanese female whose face is totally disfigured from heat and radiation.
Another burn casualty from the A-bomb
 May Man have learned from the lessons never to repeat again the tragedies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki…
 
 
 
Target Hiroshima Nagasaki
Dead/Missing 70,000-80,000 35,000-40,000
Wounded 70,000 40,000
Population Density 35,000 per sq mile 65,000 per sq mile
Total Casualties 140,000-150,000 75,000-80,000
Area Destroyed 4.7 sq mile 1.8 sq mile
Attacking Platform 1 B-29 1 B-29
Weapon(s) ‘Tall Boy’ 15 kT
(15,000 tons of TNT)
‘Fat Man’ 21 kT
(21,000 tons of TNT)    
   
  “Ground Zero” at Hiroshima. The A-bomb was dropped on August 6, 1945.JAPAN – The 509th CG B-29 takes off from North Field, Tinian at 0245 hours. At two-minute intervals, 2 observation B-29′s follow. At 0815 hours local, an atomic bomb is released over Hiroshima from 31,600 ft; it explodes 50 seconds later. More than 80% of the city’s buildings are destroyed and over 71,000 people are killed. The B-29 lands on Tinian at 1458 hours followed within the hour by the 2 observation aircraft.– Source: Air War Pacific Chronology: America’s Air War Against Japan in East Asia and the Pacific 1941-1945″ by Eric Hammel, (Pacifica, CA: Pacifica Press, 1988, ISBN 0-935553-26-6)  
   
     
   
     
The atomic bomb used to flatten Nagasaki…
 
Today, Japan does not forget the loss of life and destruction through nuclear weapons…
Hiroshima’s A-bomb dome is a constant daily reminder of the consequences of a nuclear bomb
A young woman rings the bell on the 60th Anniversary of Hiroshima
Japanese visitors at Peace Memorial Park
 
Japanese Youth Rally– they file in a field declaring “Stop Nuclear DU Weapons.”  The hut by the two vans at the top had musicians providing “live” entertainment.

2)August .14th 1945

(1)14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage. 

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement

15 August 1945: Cessation of Hostilities:
Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire. 

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

(2) August,14th.1945

Sukarno,Hatta and Dr Radjiman  Wedijodiningrat were invited by the highest command Japanese Military in east Asia to Dalat (Indochina)

a)to recieved  the decision of  Japanese Government about Indonesia Independence. In the official meeting ,General Terauchi

said :”Depand on your masters to decide when Indodesia will Independent”( Hatta,Legend and reality around Proclamation 17 Agustus,Mimbar Indonesia 17 Agustus 1951,no 32/33)

b) On the 12th of August ( which happened to coincide with may birthday) MARSHAL TERAUCHI told us in Dalat (300 km from Saigon) the decision of the Japanese Government to give up the question of Indonesia’s Independence to the Committee for Preparation of Indonesian Independence.

He said : “It is you gentlemen who are to carry this out, and it is entirely up to you to decide its execution”.

Sukarno then asked :”It is right if we do it a week from now ?

“It is up to you gentlemen” Answered Terauchi.

(Yasni Z,Bung Hatta Anwers,1981,page 116)

c) Field Marshal Terauchi

(1) ,who waswn’t Indonesian’s  friend ,Independence was forced by the government in Tokyo (gogle,internet).

(2)the vintage photo of Field Marshal Terauchi and his room with Sukarno’s  photo (P,google,internet)

d)The vintage  photo of Indonesian hero

(1) Sukarno and Hatta during that time.

(2) I haven’t found the photo of Dr Radjiman

e) The Vintage picture postcard of Dalat and Saigon cochinchina (   Emperor Bodai’s palace were in Dalat and used by Marskal Terauchi as Dai Nippon East Asia Command administrations Building, and Saigon after vietnam liberation change name to be Ho Chi Minh City-read the Vietnam Document and Postal History-auth)

b.Page 01-02

Monday, August 13th 1945

1)After returning from Dalat to Saigon,we heard that Russia had attacked Manchuria, and thus the blows against Japan were complete,coming from all direction(ibid yazni,page 117)

c.Page 01-03

Tuesday, August .14th .1945

1) when back from Dalat to Jakarta (Via Saigon and Singapore-auth),

(1) the three delegations meet with Mr Teuku Hassan,Dr Amir and Mr Abbas  , the member of PPKI (Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan) or the committee for the Preparation of Independence from Sumatra, which will departed with us to Djakarta.They have heard that Russian have anounced the War to Japan and  in-vasion Mansjuria(Manchuria), After the discussion we have conclution that the Japanese were falling down  willn’t in month and we must proclaimed Indonesia Independence fastly. ( they don’t know about the US “H”Bomb auth)(Ibid,Hatta,1951)

(2 In the morning of August 14 , before we were to be flown back to Jakarta on a bomber, we met Dr Amir. He asked whether it was true that Russian had attacked Japan in Manchuria ? I said tjat it was right.Then Dr Amir said :” then it won’t be much longer”

I said ,”That’s right.We are not counting in months anymore bur a most in just weeks . Psychollogy Japan had already lost, being attacked from the south and the North”(ibid Yasni ,p-117,1985)

(3)So the three of us (Sukarno,Hatta and Radjiman) started home for Indonesia. In Singapore, we recieved an invitation from the Commander of the Japanese army there) . Delegates from North Sumatra (Dr Amir,Abbas and Hassan) were invited to a party by a lower level of the Japanese army leadership. We were invited by a higher level. It looked as though the Japanese were afraid for us to meet (ibid,Yasni,p 117,1984)

(2 )Sukarno annouced that  Independence will be fastly  in Kemayoran airpot.

(a)After came back at Jakarta, in Kemayoran airport (Kemayoran now the Jakarta Fair area, and Sukarno Hatta international airport in Cengkareng Tangerang-auth), sukarno have said in he front of many peoples “ In before I have said that our Independence  before the “Jagung”  berbuah”or seeds…., now I can concluded that. Independence before “Jagung” were flowered)”  (ibid Hatta,1951)

(b) When we arrived at Kemayoran airpot in Jakarta, we were met by the Gunseikan.

Without going home first, we were taken to the Palace to meet the Gunseikan. We were welcomed with a happy face and clear laughter by the Gunsereikan , and had dinner  with high –ranked  Japanese authoritied, there were even a toast and congratulation overIndonesia Independence” (Yasni,p-117,1984)

(3) Emperor Hirohito asked the Dai Nippon Military  surrendered to allied Army(D)

(4) Sjahrir Told Hatta that Japanese have aksed peace to Allied Armed Forces and suggest Sukarno annouced via radio Indonesia Independence.

(a)In the afternoon 14th Agustus , Sjahrir came to told me that Japanese have asked peace to Allied, and he asked how about our Independence ? I have aswered our Independence was on our hands.

The Sjahrir’s opinion,that the Indonesia Indepen-dence proclamation  willn’t by the commitee of preparation Indonesian Independecde because the allied Army will said that the  birth of Republic of Indonesia  was made by the Japanese. Better only Sukarno  himself annouced as the  leader under the people’s named via Radio.(ibid,Hatta,1951)

(b) This party was over around 1.30 in the afternoon. Only then did we go home.At Home I found Syahrir waiting. “How was it?”he said .

I said that the japanese had given the matter up to us.  Then Syahrir said that it would be better if the proclamation of Independence  were not made by the Committee for the Preparationb of Independence, because Japan had already surrendered, whilst the Committee were made by Japan. It would be better if the proclamation were made just by Bung Karno.

I said , would he want to do that, because, after all, he was the Chairman of that Committee. I phoned Bung Karno tight away. I asked :”You weren’t asleep yet?”.Bung Karno answered :”No,not yet” Then I said :”Something important has come up, Syahrir and I would like to come now for a few minutes”. Bung karno said :”Alright,please comenow”

Syahrir and I went there immedietely. Bung Karno was waiting for us. Syahrir then suggested that Bung Karno himself should make the proclamation. Sukarno said that, however things might be, it would not be right for him to seize the opportunity himself in this matter without acting together with the Committee.

Syahrir said that with the regard to this matter, Bung Karno should act as leader of the people, while the Committee was made by Japan.

Again Bung Karno said that no matter how things might be, we had cooperated with the Japanese for quite a long time.

Bung Karno also said at that time that he did not yet know for certain and was not yet convinced that the Japanese had surrendered already, as Syahrir said.

“All right then , tommorow,together with Bung Hatta, I’ll go yo the Gunseikanbu to make inquiries; that won’t be too late ,will it?” Bung karno said. Said Syahrir ,”No,that won’t be too late”.(Yasni,1984,p-118)

d.Page 01-04.

______________________________________________________

WENDSDAY-AUGUST 15th 1945

(1) Dai Nippon Military official surender was signed  on the US Arrmed forces USS”Missouri” in september 1945,the official photo (D)

(2) Although Dai Nippon was officially surrendered, the Dai Nippon Military Administration still exist in Indonesia

(,they have waited to give the power to Allied army, but the allied army very late came to Indonesia, that is way the Japanese Military Administration still exist until The British Army under allied army came. The unique and postal  history collection will proved that situation-auth)

1.In 15th August,

(a)the Japanese have asked” Peace” to Allied Armed forces( they didn.t like  to say “Surren-dered”,may be they ashamed and still had the power -auth), that is way we dicided

(b) to invited the member of PPPK (Indonesia Independence prepatory Committee) to have the meeting at 10.00 morning in the Sanyo Office at Pejambon 2.

(c) Indonesia Indepence Proclamation must be announce as fast as we could, the Indonesia National Basic Law (UUD) must be “Mufakat” without any discussed  and the Indonesia Governerment at Central and Regional area must be done in several days only.

(d) The PPKI’s members from regional area must came back to their area with bring the complete instructions from the Indonesia Independence Government. If they back latetly,may be the Japanese will banned them backhome because the Japanese have the powered from the Allied Army( Jurukuasa  underpower.)

(e) That True Japanese had aggreed Indonesian Independence, but may be the allied army will asked the Japanese army to liquidatied Indonesia and will tried to gave back to Dutch East Indie Government.

(f) Organized revolution must exist, then Indonesion Independence could resisted with all Indonesian people’s struggled. Depend on this ,then I am “menentang” or against the Youngman,Peta and peoples’s “Merebut Kekuasaan” or Fight the Power theory, that suggested in the afternoon by in memoriam Subianto and subadio, the Parlemen’s member now.

(g)The fight of Power must be after the Independence Proclamation by Bung karno via Radio.To the two Men I said that I like Revulution, but against the “Putsch”or Rebellion.The Young men didn’t sustified to this explenation but latter they have said that that were true and Subianto have done my special tasked until he was died in Serpong. (ibid Hatta,1951)

2.The following morning (15th August 1945)

 we went to the Gunseikanbu,( Dai nippon Military Administration Headquaters , the present Pertamina building-auth). There was nobody there. Except for a single Lieutenant by the name of Nomura, If I’m not mistaken.

Everybody had been summoned to the Gunserei-kanbu .I thought, the Japanese had indeed already surrendered.

Subardjo, assistant to  Admiral Tadashi Maeda,

 who was also with us at the time suggested that we go straight away to Admiral Maeda. Which we did, and we met Maeda.(in 1946 Maera was arrested by the Allied army,in 1946 bring backhome to japan as ther retired Navy, and in 1976 he had gave Indonesia Narariya Star Medal  by Indonesian Gverment, and in 1977 he was pass away-info from samsi jacobalis book,2000)

Bung karno asked whether the rumours were true, the Japan had surrendered .Maeda was silent , for sevela minutes he did not anwer and his head was bowed. I pinched Bung Karno and whispered :”It looks as if the rumours are true”

In the end , Maeda drew a long breath and said :” According to Allied broadcasts,yes.But we have not yet recieved any instruction at all from Tokyo. It is those instructions  from Tokyo that are decive”(He didn’t told that The Tenno Haika Hirohito asked the Military to Surrender –auth)

After that we took leave from Maeda. As you know, Bung Karno was Chairman of The Preparatory Commi-tee, I was the Vice Chairmain, and for daily activity Siebardjo assited us. I told Soebardjo to call a meeting of all members of the Prepatory Committee for the morning of 16th August 1945 at Pejambon (now Foreign affair Ministry office-auth) Soebardjo called all the members by phone: they were all staying in the Hotel Des Indes.

(d)In the afternoon of 15th August

Two people came to my house, Soebianto (margono’s son) and soebadio. Both urged me to influence Soekarno to be willing to make the proclamation on behalf ofthe leaders of the people. Not on behalf of the Prepatory Committee, because ita was made by Japan.

I said that this depneded on Soekarno himself. I wondered whether he would want to do what or not. But I was afraid he would not want to, because he was the Chairman of that committee. If be stepped foward alone, he woulkd be usurping other people’s right. Maybe he wouldnot want to do that.

Soebianto and Soebadio continued to press me and said :” If you pres him, of course Bung Karno will do it.”I said :” On what grounds would I press him? He,myself, the member of the Committee, all have worked together with the Japanese, but if there somebody who will make the proclamation who ever never cooperated with the Japanese, it be best for him just vto do it.

We continue to argue, at the end those two people said : “Well, in arevolutionary period, Bung Hatta cannot be brought in.” I answered :” That is not how it is. I am now preparing a revolution. The revolution has not begun yet. We are preparing for it. I don not want to make a Putsch as Hitler did in Germany, which failed . If we act , we must succeed” then the two went away.

It shloud also be said here,that on the night of 15 august, in preparation fdor the meetinmg of the Prepatory Committee next morning in 16 August, I typed out the opening of the Constitution to be used as the text for proclamation.

While I was typing, Soebardjo came in, it was about eight o’clock at night.He said,”Bung Karno is being  attacked by the youth. We should go there together “. So I went in Soebardjo’s car because my driver was not there.Wikana talked a lot. Wikana insisted that the proclamation should be made the same night (The night of August 15th).

Soekarno sait it could not de done because it was only tomorrow (August 16th) that we were going to have a meeting. Wikana said, we do not want the proclamation made by the Prepatory Committee is rgarded as made by Japan. I said, if the Prepatory Committee is regarded as made by Japan,Bung Karno and I, and also many other leaders, have been cooperatin with the Japanese for a long time.So if things are like this, it is neccessary to look for somebody to make the proclamation, chosen from among who have never cooperated with the Japanese.

And we will back them up.  But the youth still wanted Bung karno to do it. At the time Wikana said,that, if by twelve midninght Bung karno had not proclaimed the Indepnedence of Indonesia the on the following morning(16 August 1945) there would be bloodshed.

Then Bung karno became angry.He stood up straight away and went up to Wikana, and, pointing to his neck, Bung karno said :” Here is my neck. You needn’t wait till tomorrow. Take me down and finishe me off this very night.”

“ Oh,that’s not what I mean,Bung” said Wikana.”Then ,what do you mean ?”.”The people and our youth will rebel and will start killing the Ambonese here”, said Wikana.

Then I put in ,:”Why  the Ambonese? You want to start a revolution, why do it by killing your own people , you want to kill innocent people? He answered :’ Well, the Ambonese are considered to be NICA (Netherlands Indische Civil Agency-auth) , aqccomplices of the Dutch”. I said :” That’s only what people think. For some time already, they have worked together with us, and now you want tokill them? What sort of way is that ?”

TEMPERS WERE RUNNING HIGH, the I SUGGESTED TO Bung Karno that the four of us should talk inside. These four were Bung karno, myself,Dr Boentaran and soebardjo. For fifteen minutes we talked in another room at Pegansaan Timur, I suggested to Bung Karno that he should tell thoise young people to find someone from among themselves who had never cooperated with Japanese to make the proclamation, and we would state we would(shall?) back them up to the full. Let them makes the proclamation.

After about fifteen minutes we came out again and Bung Karno firmly told them so.In turned out that they still wanted Bung Karno to make the proclamation. Not a single one of them was ready or dared do it.

“To nignt we will not come to an agreement. It is useless”’said Bung Karno,”I am determined to go on with the meeting of the Preparatory Commitee tomorrow. Then proceed with the proclamation of Independence. If you do not agree, that’sis your business.I’m not going to take their right for myself. There’s no use in your pressing me, just go home first, and we’ll stop here”(ibid Yasni,1984).

.

d.Page 01-05

Thursday-AUGUST 16th 1945

1)SUKARNO AND HATTA , IN THIS MORNING AT 4.00 PM carried off  BY SUKARNI CS TO RENGASDENGKLOK .

(1)Vintage Hatta’s version in 1951

At 16 August 1945 ,10.00 morning, all members of PPKI  and several femous man with pers were presented in Pedjambon 2 building, but who weren’t present were…

…..the invitator, Sukarno and Hatta, because they at 4.00 morning they were carried out to Rengasdengklok by Sukarni cs.

Their  reason have told by Sukarni  for bring us,  because Sukarno didn.t proclaimed the Indonesia Indepenced like what their will or  preffered , then the Youngmen , PETA(ex Dainippon defend Homeland army) and peoples will “bertindak” done themself.

In Jakarta will be an Revolution to fight the power from Japanese, that is way Bung karno and us must be flee to Rengasdengklok to administratived the Indonesia Independent Government there.

When heared that , in the front of my face(mind) that the Disasters will happened  to Indonesia, the mad actions of the younmen willn’t succeeded .This  Rebellion will killed the Indonesian Revolution.

At this day , the Hot blood youngmen could not relized their own theory. Rebellion didn’t happened , outside Jakarta theren’t preparations aanymore. The Japanese have ready with their completed war machined to welcome all will be happaned.

In Rengasdengklok weren’t any meeting. There we workless “mengangur” Lost worked one day to saw from far the vision without based with reality.But, if there a place in Indonesia that realy be the fight of the power was at Rengasdengklok. The Rengasdengklok’s PETA have arrested  theJapanese’s  Wedana(Village’s Chief and two or three Japanese”Sakura” who adminstratived the Rice. The Jakarta’s  Syotyokan(Mayor)this day have came to Rengasdengklok to check the Rice stock, he also arrested “coup d’etats .

For Who and under the whomed’s  name the PETA fight the power there? For  and under the name of Indonesian Independence?  Indonesian Independence wasn,t birth this day and There wasn,t exist Indonesia Revolusioner Government.

In the afternoon Mr Subardjo have came as the Gunseibu’s envoy to bring us Home and Sukarni didn’t against that. In the night we came back to Djakarta also with Sutardjo and Sukarn and the Peta asked what about the Wedana, we said released him. At this nignh the the chief of Revolutiuon , will be started, and came back to the hand of Sukarno-Hatta (ibid Hatta,1951)

(2)Later Version By Hatta in 1984

At four o’clock in the morning, after my last meal before sunrise ( this during the Moslem fasting month). Soekarni came to my house with somebody from PETA ( I don’t remenbmber his name anymore) to fetch me.

Soekarni said :”I,m asking you to came with us”. “Where to?” I said.”Out of town” he said.”What are we going out of town for ?”I said again. Soekarni anwered : “ Well, we are going to free Indonesia and continue the Goverment from there, out of town”

”What government, it hasn’t been formed ye t.Independence hasn’t been proclaimed yet, only tomorrow morning. What gouvernment are you talking about?”

“Well that is how it is.This is the decision of the youth. Bung Karno and you aare going to be taken out of town, independence will proclaimed there “ said Soekarni.

I answer ,:” Oh,that’s how it is. What you are trying to do is the same as Hitler’s abortive Putsch in Munich,that is,trying to seize power without any backbone and mature planning” I laso said :” We were gpoing to proclaim our independence and you’re going to make a failure of it”

Soekarni said again :” Well,in any case ,just come with us,Bung. If you don’t come. Bung karno won’t want to come either”

From my house I was tkaen to Bung Karno’shouse. From there Bung Karno, Fatmawati, Guntur, all of us, were taken to the border of Krawang in the direction of Rengasdengklok. Near krawang before turning off to Rengasdengklok, the car stopped. We were removed into a pick-up vehicle. The milk for baby Guntur was left behind in the previous car, which was sent back to Jakarta. Perhaps the reason was to prevent people from knowing where they had taken us. With that pick-up finally arrived in Rengasdengklok.

We were put in the office of the Daidan ( a lower administrative unit of PETA) . We were ordered to sit there. The house was two-storied, upstair seemed to be their bedrooms. We sat there together . Then the Wedana of Rengasdengklok was brought there.He was startled to see us there.

After sitting there for an hour, we were told to move to another house not far away.It seemd to be the house of a Chinese, a landowner herer. We were guarded by a young man with a bambooo spear. Until close to tweleve noon nothing happened . Then I called the guard and asked him to call Soekarni. I said :” The man who brought us here, his name is soekarni,” He still didn’t know. I told him to ask the daidan.

The guard went away, Of course, he should not have left us. But Bung Karno and I told him to go, so he went. Miltarily of course, he was in fact being indisciplinary. Not long after that the guard came back with Soekarni. We asked him :”How is it, have you stated your revolution ? This morning you said that the people would attack.Have the people attacked jakarta yet ?”

He said , there had been no contact with Jakarta,yet. Bung Karno and I told him tophone Jakarta, to contact his headquaters and asked them whether it had taken place or whether it had failed or was it just talk and there had been no realization at all

He went . We waited for a long time. It almost an hour, and still he had not comeback. I thought,  nothing was happenening.

About two o’clock in the afternoon he came back at last and said that he tried to contact Jakarta; it was very difficult to make contacct at first, but at least he had done so,he said.

“And what has happened ? have the people attacked Jakarta ?” .”No,there’s been no attack”,he said.”This morning you said that the people were going to attack and disarm the Japanese, therefore you brought us here. Now,itseems , nothing has happened. So,you’ve failed.” I said.”That is not sure yet.” H e replied.

Thus , we just waited and waited as we had done since morning. All that Bung Karno and I did was to take turns with Fatmawati holding Guntur and trying to quieten him.

He kept on crying because there was no milk. Fatmawati couldnot feed him and there was no canned milk because it had been left in the car had been sent back to Jakarta that morning.

When it was my turn to be holding Guntur on my lap, he uninated. My trouser were wet and I had no change.So I could not say mt prayers, wheas it was fasting month. Only aound one in the afternoon was atin of milk brought and only then  did Guntur become quiet.

That evening toward six o’clock,Soebardjo came from Jakarta looking for us. He negotiated with the Daidan to take us  back to Jakarta.

First the daidan refused. Soebardjo pointed out “What is the use of detaining Bung karno and Bung Hatta here ? Nothing is happening in Jakarta. It is absolutely queit there. The meeeting this morning was cancelled because you brought Bung Karno and Bung Hatta here. Why must it be like this ?”

When we were to be taken back to Jakarta , i asked jokingly,”Better if we spent the night here, it is ill-time now,” Fatmawati(Soekarno’s wife)protested :”No, the tin of milk for Guntur which the guard brought is finished. Guntur will suffer and will cry again.At least we started for Jakarta.

In the end we were ready again to go back to Jakarta.

Soekarni also went with us.

Funny things happaned also on our way ack. Soekarno,myself and Soebardjo sat in the back in the car, while Soekarni sat in front next to the driver. Fatmawati and Guntur together with Soetardjo were in another car.

On our way to Jakarta before we passed Krawqang, we saw smoke in the distance, said Soekarni :” Now then the people have started to burn down the properties of the Chinese.” Bung Karno told the driver to goon, then to stop for a while when we told the driver to have a look. Laten on, he said it was only the people burning rice straw. We all doubled up with laughter. Soekarni did look slightly embarrassed.

When we reached jakarta, Soetardjo accompanied Fatmawati and Guntur home to 56 pegangsaan street (now Proklamasi street)with their own car ,

Bung Karno and myself ,Soebardjo and soekarni went to my place with our car.

I immediately asked Soebardjo to phone Hotel de Indess  to CALL A MEETING THAT SAME NIGHT OF MEMBERS OF THE PREPATORY COMMITTEE AT MIDNIGHT AT HOTEL das INDES to continue the meeting which had not taken place that morning.look at the picture of Hotel Des Indes  below

Those at Hotel des Indes said by phone that for some time past the Japanese has instructed the hotel management sot to allow meetings to be held after ten at night.

Soebardho suggested we try to ask MAEDA’S AGREEMENT TO HOLD THE MEEETING AT HIS HOUSE. We AGREED WITH Soebardjo suggestion.Maeda answered by phone:”He would with pleasure put his house at our disposal for the meeting and he was happy to hear that the two of us had returned to Jakarta. All 21 members were invited to hold that  MIDNIGHT MEETING.

Each of us wanted to go home first since there were still a few hours to go before midnight.”What about me?” asked Soekarni.”You go home too”I said. “But,I can’t go like this, in my PETA uniform”. “Why are you afraid. You took tke risk,you dared make a revolution, why should you be afraid of being arrested by the Japanese?”. In the end i lent him a few clothes, which happened to fiyt. Perhaps a bit tight, but he went home in those cloth. Going back to Jakaeta he was in PETA uniform, although he had no right to them because he was not a member of PETA.

Then there was a telephone call from Miyoshi, my laisson man at the Gunseikanbu, saying that the Sumobucho wanted to see me. I told Miyoshi that we would come around 10. p.m. . After taking bath I phoned Bung Karno to fetch me to go to Maeda’s and the Gunseikan at 10 p.m.

First we went to Maeda’s house and accompanied by Maeda too, we went to the house of the Sumabucho. (Read Dai Nippon Military adminstration Java about the Dai Nippon official goverment-auth) .

Maeda was delighted we were back and shook hands with us. The Sumobucho did not allow the holding of meeting any longer. “What can we do? We have surrendered to the Allies and now we are just tools of the Allies. The Allies instructed us to guard the status quo no changes are to be made anymore.

We immediately answered rather harshy :”You are a Samurai. General Terauchi at Dalat left it to us. What about your oath and your promise as a Samutai to us ?” “We are in a different position now”, he said. “You alway stalk, about your Samurai spirit. Show it to us no”,We retorted.

Bung karno and I indeed used rather harsh words and apparentley Miyoshi refined it translation a little, but eventually, we didn’t achieve anything.

Bung Karno said again :” So, if our youth takes action,will your army shoot them ?” The Sumobucho said :” Yes, we are forced to. Thoses are the Allied instructions, there is nothing esle to be done.”

Maeda went home earlier. He seemed bored by that endless talk. In the end, after about one hour, we also left the house of the Sumobucho and returned to Maeda’s house.Maeda just laughed, saying that the Sumobucho had no standpoint. At the beginning we were five people gathered there, that is, Bung Karno

, myself(Bung Hatta)

, Soebardjo

, Sayuti Melik and Soekarni.

We agreed ten to write the text odf the proclamation. I said that the text had been prpared since last night, was at my place. It wasn’t quite ready; I was typing it, when I was taken to Bung Karno’s house.

Bung karno said that we should make just a short text ,” Bung Hatta knows better Indonesian than I do. Think about it and write it down” said Bung Karno.

To think and write at the same time is rather difficult. I’ll think out the sentences and Bung Karno write them down” I said.

Then I spoke the sentences of the draft proclamation, and Bung Karno wrote them down on paper. The two main sentences that i dictated were,” We, the Indonesian peopke, hereby proclaim the Independence of Indonesia. The tranfer of power and the like, matters relating there to will be carried out carefully and in the shortest possible time”

Bung Karno slowly read the text of the proclamation. Tree time he read it. Ultimately everybody agreed unanimously, everybody accepted it happily. Everybody shouter :”Agrreed”.

Then I asked the all saying:” So this is an important document for the history of our nation.Let us all who are present here sign this document . Just as when George Washington made his proclamation, evereybody present signed the document .” Nobody answere. Dilence. Then Soekarni said:” It is not good if all of us sign the document. Soekarno-Hatta is sufficient on behalf of all the people of Indonesia

Everybody was happy. I was rather annoyed, because they were given an opportunity to make history, but didn’it want to take it (may be they were affraid to Japanese ????-auth ,what your comment?). So, it seem they only looked like tigers from the outside. Iapparently they were brave, but in fact they were not).

The meeting was ended, everybody was happy. Maeda

came down from his room upstairs. He shook hands with everybody present. We ordered the btext of the proclamation to be retyped, multiplied and broadcast.

Thus, only that night had the Sunobucho told us that since tweleve noon that day instruction had been recieved by Japan from the Allies that the status quo was not to be changed, and therefore the holding of meetings could not be approved. But Maeda not only gave permission , but even put his house at our disposal for that historic meeting. I think the reason Maeda did that was HIS CONSCIENCE AS SAMURAI SOLDIER HE FELT BOUND BY Japan’s promise, and (perhaps) he felt he was going to punished by the Allies anyway, so it was better to help the wishes of the Indonesian ppeople to reach the treshold of their ieals.

That is my private guess. So, the meeting which was to be held in the morning 0f 16th August 1945 was cancelled which we had been carried off to Rengasdengklok, and it was not true the Japanese prevent it.

It is necessary to note here, which I learnt afterwards, that threre was a proposal by Soekarni which he conveyed through Soebardjo, to add five more names to participate in the signing of the text of the proclamation, but Soebardji did not mention this during the early morning meetin in August 17. Maybe it was because Soekarni had said that night it was enough for just two people to sign it (ibid Yasni,1984).

and then typing by Sayuti Melik

(In the originnal text, Soekarno writting some off Hatta dictated were stripped and changed from”Af-voi vo q(not clear) change to”Penjerahan”(recapitulation) and then change to”pemindahan”, the word “ dioesahakan’ change to “diselenggarakan” Djakarta 17-8-’05 Wakil2 bangsa Indonesia. This text of Proclamation’s concept than Type by Sayuti Melik with change Djakarta hari 17 Boelan 8 tahoen 05 (japanese year 2605 or 1945) , atas nama bangsa Indonesia(On behalf of Indonesian people ) Soekarno- Hatta, this original concept informed on the merdeka magazine during six moth Independent “Merdeka” by the owner B.M.Diah, and many years keep by him and then after many years he gave back to president Soeharto and now keep in MONAS monument Jakarta-auth)

(3)Other version were written by the Youngmen like Adam Malik,Sukarni,etc but didn’t listed here.

II.INFORMATION SHEET NO 02.(AUGUST,17.1945)

Batavia, 1945
Photo: ABC Press

“Better to the hell than to be colonized again” was painted on a streetcar in Jakarta on 17 August 1945. This is the day of the Proclamasi, the day Sukarno plants the red and white flag in front of his home in Jakarta and proclaims the independent Republic of Indonesia. Two days after the surrender of Japan the situation is chaotic, and the Dutch government is not even inclined to consider acknowledging the republic. The Indonesians will have to endure two wars and wait for more than four years until sovereignty is officially granted, on 29 December 1949.

______________________________________

DURING AND AFTER INDEPENDENCE PROCLAMATION

IN 17th AUGUST 1945.

A.Samsi Jacobalis ,2000,books info :

In the early moning Chaerul saleh bring  The copy of Indonesian independent proclamotion direct from Maeda house, and the documen gave to Eri sadewo at Prapatan 10 for copying and disebarluaskan after the ceremony at Eat pegangsaan styreet (private documantation by DR.Rushdy Hussein) 

Mamahit had met Dr Muwardi the leader of Barisan banteng,he told hi  that Bung Karno this morning still sleep and did’t wat absudr(tak mau diganggu0 becaus eafter backhome fro m maeda house early in the morning his Malaria kambuh(exist again) . He will dibangunkan(call from sleep) about 9 o’clock for preparing himself to read the proclamation(mengucapkan proklamasi).

During proclamation only PPKI member,pejuang and old potiticia generation ,also the memeber of Prapatan 10 and student who live outside asrama ,with peoples. Sayhrir,Chaerul saleh.Sukarni and Adam malik didnot join the proclamation ceremony, Adam Malik in his book said that he didn’t joint (hadir)  because waiting the moment (kesempatan) in Domei for send telegraph about proclamation abroad(menirim berita proklamasi keluar negeri dari kantor berita jepang Domei).

During proclamation ceremony by Bung Karno in the front of his house at Pegangsaan street, the Studet at prapatan 10 jakarta also read the copy of Indonesian Independet Proclamation by Eri Sudewo as  the ceromy Inspectuer (inspektur upacara) ,The command of ceremony salamun,the up of flag Muhardewo.

B.Info Of Indonesian Independent proclamation

(1)From Kuala tungkal Jambi

. August 17, 1945 Proclamation of Independence and Public Speech Kuala Tungkal

Head Office Telegraph Kuala Tungkal H. M. Kurchi / Madiah Syahbandar Kuala Tungkal, always follow the developments within and outside the country through radio broadcasts are heard in secret so as not known by the Japanese authorities. RI heard the news of the proclamation of independence by H. M. Kurchi on August 17, 1945, and then circulated(disebarluaskannya) to community leaders and youth. On August 20, 1945 a number of youth, among others, M. Kasim, Tuhirang Duladji at 07.00 am and flying the red and white flag at the port of Kuala Tungkal, which is then followed by a flag-raising by people in their homes.

(2)The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the document’s signatories.

Contents

 

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia.

The draft was prepared only a few hours earlier, on the night of August 16, by Sukarno, Hatta, and Soebardjo, at Rear-Admiral Maeda (Minoru) Tadashi’s house, Miyako-Doori 1, Jakarta (now the “Museum of the Declaration of Independence“, JL. Imam Bonjol I, Jakarta). The original Indonesian Declaration of Independence was typed by Sayuti Melik.[2][3] Maeda himself was sleeping in his room upstairs. He was agreeable to the idea of Indonesia‘s independence, and had lent his house for the drafting of the declaration. Marshal Terauchi, the highest-ranking Japanese leader in South East Asia and son of Prime Minister Terauchi Masatake, was however against Indonesia’s independence, scheduled for August 24.

While the formal preparation of the declaration, and the official independence itself for that matter, had been carefully planned a few months earlier, the actual declaration date was brought forward almost inadvertently as a consequence of the Japanese unconditional surrender to the Allies on August 15 following the Nagasaki atomic bombing. The historic event was triggered by a plot, led by a few more radical youth activists such as Adam Malik and Chairul Saleh, that put pressure on Soekarno and Hatta to proclaim independence immediately. The declaration was to be signed by the 27 members of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) symbolically representing the new nation’s diversity. The particular act was apparently inspired by a similar spirit of the United States Declaration of Independence. However, the idea was heavily turned down by the radical activists mentioned earlier, arguing that the committee was too closely associated with then soon to be defunct Japanese occupation rule, thus creating a potential credibility issue. Instead, the radical activists demanded that the signatures of six of them were to be put on the document. All parties involved in the historical moment finally agreed on a compromise solution which only included Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta as the co-signers ‘in the name of the nation of Indonesia’

Soekarno had initially wanted the declaration to be read at Ikada Plain, the large open field in the centre of Jakarta, but due to unfounded widespread apprehension over the possibility of Japanese sabotage, the venue was changed to Soekarno’s house at Pegangsaan Timur 56. In fact there was no concrete evidence for the growing suspicions, as the Japanese had already surrendered to the Allies, and the Japanese high command in Indonesia had given their permission for the nation’s independence. The declaration of independence passed without a hitch.

 Draft

 Indonesian

PROKLAMASIKami, bangsa Indonesia, dengan ini menjatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan,d.l.l., diselenggarakan dengan tjara saksama dan dalam tempoh yang sesingkat-singkatnja

Djakarta (Jakarta), 17-8-45

Wakil-Wakil Bangsa Indonesia

 Amendments

Three amendments were made to the draft, as follows:

  • tempoh“: changed to “tempo“, both meaning “time period”.
  • 17-8-45: changed to “hari 17, boelan 8, tahoen 05″ (“day 17, month 8, year 05″ of the Japanese sumera calendar); the number “05″ is the short form for 2605.
  • Wakil-Wakil Bangsa Indonesia” (Representatives of the people of Indonesian nation): changed to “Atas nama bangsa Indonesia” (“in the name of the nation of Indonesia”).

 Final text

The original Indonesian Declaration of Independence

The monument commemorating the Indonesian Declaration of Independence

PROKLAMASIKami, bangsa Indonesia, dengan ini menjatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan d.l.l., diselenggarakan dengan tjara saksama dan dalam tempo jang sesingkat-singkatnja.

Djakarta, hari 17 boelan 8 tahoen 05

Atas nama bangsa Indonesia,

Soekarno/Hatta.

Sukarno Signature.svg

Mohammad Hatta signature.svg

English translation

An English translation published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as of October 1948 included the entire speech as read by Sukarno. It incorporated remarks made immediately prior to and after the actual proclamation. George McTurnan Kahin, a historian on Indonesia, believed that they were omitted from publication in Indonesia either due to Japanese control of media outlets or fear of provoking a harsh Japanese response.[4]

PROCLAMATIONWE THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA HEREBY DECLARE THE INDEPENDENCE OF
INDONESIA. MATTERS WHICH CONCERN THE TRANSFER OF POWER AND
OTHER THINGS WILL BE EXECUTED BY CAREFUL MEANS AND IN THE
SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME.

DJAKARTA, 17 AUGUST 1945

IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA

SOEKARNO—HATTA

THE CHRONOLOGIC HISTORIC COLLECTIONS

B.Hatta Version

a.Page 02-01

____________________________________________________

SATURDAY, AUGUST. 17th. 1945

________________________________________________

a)Proclamation Preparationed

1) Hatta’s version

(1) vintage version  (ibid,Hatta.1951)

At midnight(r early morning 17th August 1945-auth) , after the meeting with Sumobutjo where the Japanese have been the caretaker under the allied, there were the meeting with all the members of Independence prepatory Committee, the  delegation of Youngmen and people .

In the meeting  depend on the youngmen suggestion have the” round”(all said yes-auth) conclusion that the Indonesia Independent proclamation only sign by Sukarno-Hatta under the name of Indonesia’s nation.(Hatta didn’t told where and how the Independence declaration was produced, may be for the security. The detailed were told later in 1984 –auth.)

(2)later version (ibid,Yusni,1984)

I phoned Bung karno to fetch me to go to Maeda’s and the  Gunseikan at 10.00 PM (August 16th 1945). First we went to Maeda’s house, amd, accompanied by Maeda too, we went to the House of the Sumobucho (where the Gunsereikan, the hignest Dai Nippon military ‘s chief in Java, who know ? please give us information? –auth

The Sumobucho did not allow the holding of meetings any longer.(HE SAID)”‘WHAT CAN WE DO ?We have surrendered to the Allies and now we are just tools of the Allies. The Allies instructed us to guard the status quo, no changes are to be made anymore.”

We also left the house of the Sumobucho  and returned to Maeda’s house. At the beginning we were five people gather there. We agreed then to write the text of the proclamation. Etc read above!LOOK AT THE PHOTO OF BUNG KARNO AND BUNG HATTA IN BUNG KARNO HOUSE JUST BEFORE PROCLAMATIONS *ill.017

 

Later on, just before the meeting broke up, I asked for food of my before-dawn meal from Maeda. Before I went home in Soekarno’s car, we agreed to meet again at 10.00 a.m. that morning at Pegangsaan Timur , Soekarno,s house , to hold the ceremony of reading the text of the proclamation.

(This was the new information after 43 years independend  in 1984,that only five people in the meeting, and what about the member of Prepatory Committee as told in 1951 ?Hatta din’t mentioned in 1984?-who  have the factual collection about this, please momment- auth) 

(3) Other version

Many version depend on the writers, (I haven’t written in this blocked, if someone need please tell us in the comment, and we will write in special topic-auth)

2)Proclamation ceremony

(1)vintage Hatta version

               

 

17 Agustus 1945 , 10.00 o,clock (Indonesia time ) the text of Indonesian Independence was proclaimed  to all the people (in the front of Sukarno house,East  Pengasaan street, the house was burned and now become the Pola Buildings and in the the locations was build Proclamation Sukarno-Hatta statue, the lattest locations was moved from the first location –look at the pictured postcard.(MANY MYSTERIOUS GUEST DURING BUNG KARNO READ THE TEXT WITH BUNG HATTA BESIDE HIM, because later many of that mysterious guest behind Bung Hatta were disapeared with black coloue, also the guest behind Bung Karno only Bu Fatmawati Sukarno dan Larief were said, who know the other mysterious gueast plese give info,look carefully the  mysterious guest from the three version  picture from the same photos below:

and compare with the Proclamation statue,the Bung Hatta Position not like  the really during proclamation,he look Bung Karno , look carefully  below:

Hatta didn’t mantioned who read the Text of proclamation Sukarno or another people in  vintage and later version, also in another version by Moerdijanto(1952) “ Ir Sukarno and Drs Moh Hatta , on behalf of Indonesia nation, proclaimed Independence of all Indonesia. After read the proclamation text etc…”  ? please comment and show us your factual collection related to this historic moment, one information  have found , please read (2)- auth)

(2)Merdeka magazine’s version (17 Feb.1946)

The Narasion left of the Proclamation photo( the photo was cutted and the two ladies beside Fatmawati and two men with PETA uniform didn.t seen and not got quality repro.uth) :Your excellency, PJM(Paduka Yang Mulia),Presiden Ir. Soekarno , between  M.Hatta and Colonel Abdul Latief Hendradiningrat (wrong , because that moment he haven’t choose as President snd Abdul latief ex PETA ,didn’t rank Colonel-auth), Proclaimed on Behalf of all peoples(Indonesia) Indonesia Independence.

(3)Vintage  Proclamations day ‘s collections

(a) Document history collection

(1)Until this day I haven’t found the original document related with the text of Indonesia  Independence Proclamations , only Repro photos of Proclamations ceremony  and the Sukarno handwritten ‘s concept WITHOUT SIGN in Merdeka Magazine (feb.1946)

(2) I have seen before a Java character newspaper date August,17th,2605. without the informations of Proclamation and only the information of the Indonesia Independence preparation Committee. ( if someone have the original document/photos  about the cremony and  the text of Indonesia Independence Proclamation please contact us-auth)

(3) The original photo’s repro of  Indonesia Independence proclamations ,  Sukarno in Complete  White dress with “Kopiah”Cap, was holding bigger paper, not small Independece proclamation’s text, biside him at the left Hatta in white complete Dress and he put his hand back , without “Kopiah”Cap and at the right Abdoel latief Hendraningrat with PETA uniform, was holding Samurai.

They were standing in the front of the House and the vintage  loudspeaker was used.

In the back of repro photo,Violet  Handstamped “Foto Departemen Penerangan,Sumber”Foto Deppen” harus disebutkan jika foto dipakai untuk publikasi apapun. Kode negatip:”(the Photo of Indonesia “Penerangan”Departemen, source “Foto Deppen” must said if the photo was used for publication. Negative Code:

), Biside the stamped, three pen’s handwritten : 3 , R 83-4442 and  ½ Hal. In the biggest photo  we could seen Fatmawati (Sukarno wife, Hatta alone stilln’t married, and ten people , (Who were them ? please comment, because in small photo in another magazine Fatmawati didn’t seen and only five people with civil dress  behind sayuti Melik and  added three men with PETA uniform in the back of Hatta-auth) (page).(D)

 

in the front of Sukarno House, we can see Hatta  without cap and Soekarno with cap in the right side, and  Abdoel latief Hendradiningrat with PETA uniform and  two youngmen with civil dress (? Who) one  holding  the flag at left, and the other one in the center to pull the string to up the flag , also we can see Fatmawati(Sukarno’s wife who had made the flag)  from behind  Fatmawati with kebaya ,selen-dang on hair and  long stripdesign ‘s wear , and, beside her,  two another women with kebaya dress withoutt selendang on their hairs (who ?), and the leftside were seen  one  civillian’s youngmen (who ?).( who know the persons in the photo, please comment)

(5) The Situation before Independence proclamation ceremony at Pegangsaan Timur (D.Bassa,Merdeka Magazine,Jakarta, 17 February 1946)

In looked at the situation during Independence proclamation at East Pegangsaan , and at that memorable time, the writer was in the center of thousand youngmens.

Long before the ceremony, the sukarno’s house were different than anotther day, everybody who passed in the front of me that time with the meaning of that will be opened the new page of history.

In the front (beranda) and in the center o the house were exist many peoples , included envoys from other indonesian island ( outside Java-auth)  , the member of Independence Preparation Commitee, the other day(16 August)  they haved meeting to choose President and Vice-president Republic of Indonesia( The writer wrong , he didn’t know that the meetinh had cancelled because Sukarno-Hatta bring out to Rengasdengklok by Sukarni and Wikana-auth)

I couldn’t caculated how many youngmen and “Pelopor” guard(Barisan) which still came at this day. (Hatta later’s  information,” There were also rumours that it was(The Independence proclamation-auth) going to be read at Ikada Stadium (now was change to Market).

Therefore, may people went to Ikada, so that only about 100 people were present at the ceremony at Pegangsaan Timur; not many, but it was quite solemn, although it was short and concise.Ibid Yusni,1984,p-129)

Bung karno and Bung Hatta had came from the place(“Suatu Tempat “? I think Sukarno stayed in that house because theIndependence proclamation in the front varanda of his house-auth) with their guard from Ex PETA (? WHO) and the Independent Proclamation will done fastly(segera). My heart became “Tentram”(easy) and “Tenang”(peace) , although before feeled “Sangsi’ (doubtness), The Independence will annouced”Segera” .

The preparations of ceremony were done, the ceremony command’s(R.A.Abdoel Latif Hendraningrat)  words that asked all the participants : Famous men, youngmen and gilrs, the member of “Pelopor” (Barisan Pelopor) etc, to stand with “teratur” and must look atPresident and vice-president (the writers  haved written this article sixt month later, that is way he used the rank that time-aut)  the ceremony with “Tertib” as still heared in my ear when write this article. He have said :”The People of Independence State must know how to honoured their “Leaders” (the writers used word President and vice prisident, he made the wrong statement again, that time Sukarno-Hatta only the National leaders-auth )

Everybody have done like the Young Opsir’s said . “The Indonesian Leaders Sukarno Hatta” in the front of the youngmen,students and Pelopor which stood in the bigger  “perkarangan” outside of the house were under the undrawned word’s feelling ( tak dapat dilukiskan dengan kata-kata), but deep in my heart I had feeled “Inocent (Kesoetjian) and happiness(kebahagiaan)”

(6)Situation during Independence’s Proclamation ceremony (ibid,Basa.D,1946)

The text of Indonesia Independence Proclamation was readed by Dr Moewardi, the  Ceremonial,s Chief, and after that readed together ( by all the participants included Sukarna and Hatta, many years everybody have wrong that Sukarno had read the text, because in 1950 The Radio of Republic  Indonesia (RRI) have produced the record Indonesia National Song”Indonesia Raya” arranged by Indonesian National Police’s band command by in memoriam  R.Sudjasmin with the sound of Sukarno who read the proclamarion text, I have that record. Every morning the RRI have played this record as the started’s song before the beginning of the program -auth)

R.Soewirjo on the behalf of Jakarta city ‘s people, also gave “sambutan”’s word , “We, Indonesian People have choosed our  way to confrontated the difficult situation of this time, that we have dicided as the best and right moment  to proclaimed our  Independence at this day.(Later  he became the first Mayor of Jakarta-auth)

The Ceremonial’s participant have more attantioned when Hatta have came in the front of Microphone  and told about the meaning of Indonesia Independence text.

Soekarno have made the ceremonial’s participant into the  melanchollied’s felling(terharu),  when he said :” After many centuries all of  the people of Indonesia had fighted (became to be reality-auth)  , the duty and loaded (beban)  as the people of Independence’s state have became more heavy.

Sukarno said :”All the people,  at long time  in their heart have the believed  that  the Independence of any nation must be found by the power of their own nation.

Sukarno also said “The enemy willn’t declined the “Red-White” Indonesia national’s flag before stepped up the dead-bodies of 70 millions Indonesia People bodies. We only like to see the Red-white flag inclined but not declined . Lets we guarded and  took care the flag still “berkibar”,fleed, until the end of the century  ”

The ceremony were closed with “Soempah Kesetiaan” The loyalty’s of the people and sung the Indonesia  national’s Song “Indonesia Raja” ( the tradition now that the National Song only Sing with or without Band during the inclination of the Flag , The writer have said the Song have sung at the end of ceremony after the inclination of the flag,I think that true , because if we look at the historic’s photo by Mendur ‘s brother every bodie’s mouth especially Sukarno and Hatta still closed not sung/open , if   some one have another information please comment-auth.)

Jacobalis Book 2000 ‘s version

The Bung Karno Introduction Said in Indonesia language :

” Saudara-saudara sekalian.Saya telah ,inda saudara-saudar hadir disini untuk menyaksikan suatu peristiwa maha penting dalah sejarah kita.

Berpuluh-puluh tahun kita bangsa indonesia telah bejuang untuk kemerdekaan tanah air kita. Bahkan beratus-rqatus tahun !

Gelombang aksi kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan kita itu ada naik dan turunnya,tetapi jiwa kita tetap menujuu ke arah cita-cita.

Juga didalm zanman Jepang , usaha kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan nasional tidak berhenti-henti. di dalam zaman Jepang itu,tampaknya saja kita menyandarkan diri kepada mereka, tetapi pada hakekatnya tetap kita menyusun tenaga sendiri, tetap kita percaya kepada kekuatan sendiri.Sekarang tibalah saatnya kita benar-benar mengambil nasib bangsa dn nasib tanah air didalam tangan kita sendiri.

Hanya bangsa yang berani mengambil nasib dalam tangan sendiri, akan dapt berdiri dengan kuatnya.

Maka,kami tadi malam telah menadakan musyawarah dengan pemuka-pemuka rakyat Indonesia daris eluruh Indonesia .Permusyawaratan ity seiiya sekata berpendapat,bahwa sekaranglah datang saatnya untuk menyatakan kemerdekaan itu.

Saudara-saudara dengan ini,kami menyatakan kebulatan tekat iyu.Dengarlah proklamasi kami.

PROKLAMASI

Kami bangsa Indonesia dengan ini menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal yang mengenai pemindahan kekuasaan dan lain-lain diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama dan dalam tempo sesingkat-singkatnya.

Jakarta,17 Agustus 1945

Atan nama Bangsa Indonesia

Soekarno -Hatta

Singkat,hanya dua kalimat,tidak sampai 30 kata.Kata-kata sederhana dipilih dengan cermat,netral,tidak emosional,tidak menghasut,suatu pemberitahuan yang tidak menyinggung siapapun.Ditujukan kepada bangsa sendiri dan kepada seluruh dunia.Bahwa,mulai saat ini,Indonesia bangsa merdeka.Pemindahan kekuasaan dan bukan pengambilalihan kekuasaan dari siapapun. Diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama maksunya teratur dan bukan semerawutan.Dalam tempo yang sesingkat=singkatnya artinya sebelum siapapun data atau datang kembali untuk meniadakan kemerdekaan kita.Disusul dengan kata-kata penutup yang juga singkat dan tenang,tapi jelas.

Demikianlah saudara-saudar .Kita sekarang telah merdeka.Kita sekarang telah merdeka.Tidak ada satu ikatan lagi yang mengikat tanah air kita dan bangsa kita.Mulai saat ini kita menyusun Negara kita.Negara Merdeka.Negara Republik Indonesia.Merdeka,kekal,dan abadi. Insyaalah Tuhan memberkahi kemerdekaan itu(diturunkan dari himpunan Peraturan Perundangan-Undangan RI ,1989 Jakrta.penusun dan penerbit PT Ichtiar Baru-van Hoeve)

After that Latief Hendranigrat with Peta Uniform mengerek(up) the Red and white flag with penghormatan (honour to ) .The Indonesian national anthem sing spontanously together without derigent(conductor0 .

The ceremony simple without protocoler, dihadiri only by hundreds people,with their ordinary shirt,without pasukan kehormatan(Honouraly ),without music corps,without radio journalist and without reception becaus ethat time Ramadhan month(puasa,feast) every bodies bangga and many cries.No Dai nippon Kempetai attack ,although the Banteng Movement(Barisan banteng) Had already exist to protect command by Dr Muwardi and Sudiro with youngman militan included the Medicla Doctor student  in the command of Piet Mamahit and Suraryo whic send from their headquaters(Markas) at Prapatan 10 street

3)AFTER PROCLAMATION CEREMONY

After the proclamation of independence 17/8-1945, the youth Jakarta moves to spread the news of the proclamation. Not only the villages in Jakarta, but the various corners of the country. “Better dead than colonized again,” the expression of the people to maintain independence. The situation 63 years ago got hotter when NICA troops allied with the free ride back to Indonesia.
All villages in Jakarta was established fortifications of barbed wire and bamboo spears. So if there are soldiers who entered the village NICA then heard a voice of command: Siaaap. Because of that era is also called the ‘time ready’.

Considering the event has been going 63 years, and have rarely experienced it, let us remind you again how the atrocity NICA soldiers during the revolution. They opened fire on people who look suspicious. To that end, President Sukarno announced so people do not leave the house after eight o’clock. Records in the National Archives of just eight thousand people have been killed between September and December 1945.
 Youths in the village of Kwitang aged 12 -18 years, participated as a student army even if it means carrying bamboo spears.
Many of them breathed her last the bullet NICA. At that time the mother-village kampong setting up soup kitchens for the fighters. Unknown in terms of corruption until they are willing to defend the homeland menymbangkan possessions they have.
Among the most feared fighters Dutch Betawi KH Nur Ali was from Bekasi. Until the Dutch courage to give a great gift for anyone who can catch it live or die. Betawi hero, Imam Syafi’ie collect the thugs Pasar Senen be a scary force the Netherlands. They operate in various neighborhoods in Jakarta

a) VINTAGE VERSION(ibid Hatta,1951)

The youngmen, Student, the Communication official and the writer”wartawan”  of Japanese Domei  announced the text of Indonesian Independence proclamations to all Indonesia.

b) Later Version (ibid Yusni,1984)

Among those present at that midnight meeting were also people from the Japanese news agency Domei in Jakarta. They succeeded in sending the news abroad that very same morning. The outside world was soon informed about this important event.

When they broadcast the news, the announcer’s booth was locked from the inside, to prevent the possibility of disturbance from the Japanese guard.

c)Samsi jacobalis version(2000):

The Student ‘s attampt to sedn the new about proclamtion abroad trough Dai nippon Doemi radio not succeded. Suyono Martosewoyo which alway stayed at Dr Abdulrahman Saleh house , now that at that house there were the illegal radio broadcast  and with the permission of the owner that radio broadcast , Bung Karno and Bung Hatta were invited to Medical doctor Faculty Campus at Salemba street  for repeat the reading of Indonesian Independent Proclamatiomn  snf speaking(oration) through that illegal radio broadcasting, the instrument were bring to Physiology Laboratorium,where the attampt radio broadcasting had been trail by the student.Also exist Dr Abdulrachman Saleh,Mr Subarjo,Dr Buntaran,Mr Iwan Kusumasumatri,Wangsawijaya Bung hatta secretary,Suyono Martosewoyo .

d) Other Version

Many version have written, but all of the informations without   the factual documents ( that is way willn’t list in this infomation sheets , the factual documens and photos still needed, please comment-auth)

August,18th.1948

(a)The rare dai nippon Postal card, used with add Dai Nippon Java stamp  send from CDS Djatinegara  18.8.45 to Magelang

(b)In July 1945, Sudirman and several other officers maps that include the category of “dangerous” were called to Bogor on the grounds will receive further training. Only then there is the impression that Japan intends to capture them. Even if they were in Bogor “Advanced Training” was canceled, because the single August 14, 1945 the Japanese had surrendered to the allies. After that Soedirman and his friends returned to the propagators and respectively. At the time of the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia voiced, Sudirman was in Kroja.

The next day on August 18, 1945. Japan dissolve Map and stripped of their weapons, then they are sent home to their respective homelands. After the announcement of the formation of BKR, Soedirman trying to gather them back and gather strength People’s Security Agency (BKR). Together with Mr. Resident Banyumas. Iskaq Tjokroadisurjo and several other figures, Soedirman a coup d’etat from the hands of Japan peacefully. Japanese Army Battalion Commander Major Yuda pretty much handed weapons. Therefore BKR Banyumas an entity that has a complete weapon

original info:

Pada bulan Juli 1945, Soedirman dan beberapa orang perwira Peta lainnya yang termasuk kategori “berbahaya” dipanggil ke Bogor dengan alasan akan mendapat latihan lanjutan. Hanya kemudian ada kesan bahwa Jepang berniat untuk menawan mereka. Sekalipun mereka sudah berada di Bogor “Pelatihan Lanjutan” dibatalkan, karena tunggal 14 Agustus 1945 Jepang sudah menyerah kepada sekutu. Sesudah itu Soedirman dan kawan-kawannya kembali lagi ke dai dan masing-masing. Pada saat Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia dikumandangkan, Soedirman berada di Kroya.

Esok harinya tanggal 18 Agustus 1945. Jepang membubarkan Peta dan senjata mereka dilucuti, selanjutnya mereka disuruh pulang ke kampung halaman masing-masing. Setelah pengumuman pembentukan BKR, Soedirman berusaha mengumpulkan mereka kembali dan menghimpun kekuatan Badan Keamanan Rakyat (BKR). Bersama Residen Banyumas Mr. Iskaq Tjokroadisurjo dan beberapa tokoh lainnya, Soedirman melakukan perebutan kekuasaan dari tangan Jepang secara damai. Komandan Batalyon Tentara Jepang Mayor Yuda menyerahkan senjata cukup banyak. Karena itu BKR Banyumas merupakan kesatuan yang memiliki senjata terlengkap.

 

AUGUST,23th.1945

The People’s Safety Agency (BKR), which was formed on August 23, 1945 set up his headquarters in Jalan Cilacap No. 5 for the residency of Jakarta, four days after its formation. Moefreini Moe’min, a former battalion syodancho of Jakarta I was appointed as chairman. A number of officers engaged in it is Singgih, Daan Yahya Kemal Idris, Daan Mogot, Islam Salim, Jopie Bolang, Oetardjo, Sadikin (Cikampek Regiment), Darsono (Cikampek Regiment), and others.

August,27th.1945

Only weapons with bamboo spears capitalize the people of Indonesia in Jakarta ready to sacrifice lives to defend the newly proclaimed independence of Bung Karno and Bung Hatta. In the picture looks troops BKR (Rows of People’s Security) with bamboo spears on the shoulders of the middle line which is specifically formed on August 27, 1945 in order to face the troops NICA (Netherlands) who came to colonize Indonesia hitchhike back to the Allies (Britain).

.
.

).
.
AUGUST,28th,1945

Lintasan Kelahiran POLRI di Sumatera Barat

September 15, 2008

Tiga sekawan POLRI yang betah bertahan dalam kota Padang menghadapi tentara Sekutu/Belanda, perjuangan kemerdekaan periode 1945-1946. Komisaris Polisi Johny Anwar, Inspektur Pol. Amir Mahmud, Pemb. Inspektur Pol. Boer Tamar (Foto: Koleksi/dokumentasi Adrin Kahar)

17 Agustus 1945, dari Jakarta dikumandangkan Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia oleh Soekarno-Hatta atas nama rakyat Indonesia. Rakyat di Sumatera Barat secara resmi belum dapat menerima informasi yang jelas tentang merdeka, sungguhpun masa itu Indonesia telah dalam suasana “Fajar Kemerdekaan” seperti yang telah diumumkan berdirinya Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan (Dokuritsu Zyumbi Chosa Kai) di Jakarta (28 Mei 1945). Suasana pada waktu itu memperlihatkan masih berkuasanya pemerintahan militer Jepang, para tawanan perangnya sudah dilepaskan. Kesatuan-kesatuan Gyu-gun dan Heiho (Lasykar Rakyat dan Tentara Sukarela Jepang) yang terdiri dari putera-putera Indonesia telah dibubarkan dan senjata-senjata dihimpun oleh pihak Jepang. Kantor-kantor pemerintahan sipil dan polisi tetap berjalan sebagaimana biasa tapi unsur pimpinan yang dipegang oleh Jepang sudah tidak menentu.

Dalam kota Padang dan sekitarnya pada masa itu terdapat beberapa unit kepolisian, seperti: Kepolisian Keresidenan Sumatera Barat (Nishi Kaiganshu Keimubu), Kantor Polisi Kota Padang (Padang Si Keisatususho), Kantor Polisi Padang Luar Kota (Padang Si-gai Keisat susho) dan Pasukan Istimewa Polisi (Tokubetsu Keisat sutai). Kantor Polisi Kota Padang berlokasi di pusat kota (sekarang: bahagian muka Polres Padang, Jl. Moh. Yamin). Kantor Polisi Padang Luar Kota di Jl. Jati (sekarang: kompleks Rumah Sakit POLRI Polda Sumbar) dan Tokubetsu-tai bermarkas di kompleks Seminari Katolik di Belantung (sekarang: kompleks Yos Soedarso, Jl. Sudirman). Semua unit-unit kepolisian tersebut dibawah pimpinan orang-orang Jepang, kecuali Polisi Padang Luar Kota mempunyai pimpinan orang Indonesia (Keishi Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa).

Pada tanggal 21 Agustus 1945, empat orang perwira polisi yang berpangkat Keishi (Komisaris Polisi) di Sumatera Barat dipanggil oleh Keimubucho (Kepala Polisi Sumatera Barat) dan diberi tahu bahwa Perang Asia Timur Raya telah berhenti. Diminta oleh Kepala Polisi Jepang