THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA
PART III. STUDIES RESULTS
Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA
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(2)Motif Figure Eight Immortal(delapan dewa)
Motif eight immortal
Dr Iwan Collection Eight Immortal Motif
Driwan found one eight immortal de La Tsai Ho and three other eight immortal white cup
eight immortal right Lan tsai Ho and Zhong Gi chuan left Lie to kei and Zhnag guo Lao painting
Early Qing Kangxi Figure eight immortal zhong Gi chuan Saucers
Other Collections(not upload)
Compare from literature
“Iron Crutch Li “
(Li Tieh Kuai) (Tie Guaili) (Tit Gwi Li) (Li Tie Kwai)
Strongman Wino – “The Stomping Immortal”
(Han Chong Li) (Chung Li Ch’uan) (Han Zhongli)
(Han Chung Li) (Hsiang Chung Li)
Old Scholar Hermit
(Chang Kuo Lao) (Chuang Kuo Chiu) (Zhang Guolao) (Cheung Guo Lo)
Poet, Playboy, Martial Arts Empty Hands & Weapons Master
(Li Tung Pin) (Lu Dongbin) (Lui Dong Bin)
Intelligent, clairvoyant friend of Li Tung Ping
(Han Hsiang Tzu) (Han Xianzi) (Han Xiang Ci) (Han Sing Tu)
Nobleman “The Acrobatic Immortal”
(Tsao Kuo Chui) (Cao Guojiu) (Cho Quat Kau)
Youthful Tomboy “The Flexible Immortal”
Lan Chai He
(Lan Zai Hou) (Lan Caihe) (Lam Choy Wah)
Beautiful Girl “The Female Immortal”
(Ho Hsien Ku) (Ho Xian Ku) (He Xiangu) (Ho Sen-Ku)
8) Eight god (god of immortality or eight immortal)
(1) Chung Li Chuan with fan symbol, god of longevity and provide energy that never stops (end)
Chung-li Chuan, also spelled as Zhungli Quan, is said to be to the chief of powerful Taoist collective immortals –
He is also said to be the most ancient of all the Eight Immortals, although some Taoist scholars and priest would argue that it’s actually Lu Dongbin, also spelled as Lu Dongpin.
Chung-li Chuan is believed to have been born during the Han Dyansty, and he is usually depicted as a fat man with big, rounded, bared stomach or belly. His magical implement is a feather fan, which he uses to bestow the blessing of good health. It is also said that he is able to revive the people who are seriously ill to good health by using his feather fan. On top of that, by using his fan he is also able to revive people who’ve died, the only pre-requisite for him to perform this magic is that he has to be absolutely sure that the dead person really deserves to be alive again and that he as a living person he is able to become a blessing to others. Furthermore, his fan is said to be able to change bad luck into good luck.
It is also written in religious texts that when Chung-li Chuan was born, the room where he was born was magically filled with beams of light. It was also said that his parents believed that he was an old soul because he continued to cry for seven days and night, as if complaining about his mortality.
There is a Taoist temple in Taiwan that is dedicated to the Eight Immortals, specifically to Immortal Chung-li Chuan. One devotee shared with me a story about how her daughter who was seriously ill was restored back to health when she prayed to Chung-li Chuan. As a sign of thanksgiving, the woman would always bring a colorful feather fan as an offering Chung-li Chuan every feast day of the Eight Immortals.
(2) Chang Kuo-Lao with dengan symbols give descendants bamboo tube (prevents sterile)
(3) Pin Dong Lu (Lu Tung Pin) with a sword and a thermos fly symbol popped disease
Lu Tung Pin is one of the most popular of the Eight Immortals (The Eight Immortals themselves are Taoist folk heros drawn from a cross section of society that represent the eight different conditions of life: youth, old age, poverty, wealth, nobility, the populance, the masculine, and the feminine. Their personalities and exploits are revealed in myths and ledgends, they have acheived popularity as individuals and it is not unusual to find an altar in a temple dedicated to one of them.)
Lu Tung Pin is venerated for two reasons. Firstly because he is associated with medicine and the elixir of life. He knows the formula for the elixir of life and his potions and charms can heal the sick. Lu Tung Pin is also the doctor of the poor.
As a young man Lu Tung Pin met up with a fire dragon who gave him a sword. This sword was called Chan-yao Kuai, the Demon-Slayer which allows him to have control over evil spirits destroying, capturing or taming them if he is invoked correctly; but to Lu Tung Pin this sword was not a weapon for killing enemies but a symbol for conquering passion, aggression, and ignorance.
Lu Tung Pin considered compasion to be the essential means of attaining perfection.
As a young man Lu Tung Pin travelled towards the capital and along the way met the immortal Chung Li-ch’uan, who was warming up some wine. After drinking some of the wine Lu fell asleep and dreamt that he was a wealthy and powerful official who lived the rich life for fifty years until a crime caused his family to be banished and exterminated. When Lu awoke he found that only a few moments had passed but the dream brought him to his senses and he decided to forgo the life of an official and follow Chung Li-ch’uan into the mountains. There Lu learned the secrets of alchemy and the art of swordsmanship. He transformed the methods of Outer Alchemy (wai-dan) into those of Inner Alchemy (nei-dan).
Lu Tung Pin from a 19th Century wood cut
(4) Guo Chiu Tsao (Tsao kuo-chiu) with the symbol for music bestows blessings to those who seek power
This is Tsao Kuo Chiu, who is a patron saint of theatrical profession. Richly decorated in polychrome enamels, Tsao Kuo Chiu is one of the 8 Immortals.
I have never seen a theatrical monkey at the base, but he is a nice addition to this very unique 19th century Chinese figurine. He is without flaw, no chips, cracks, hairlines, etc. Marked China on the bottom, he measures 7.5 inches(illustration not upload)
Tieh Kuai) (Tie Guaili) (Tit Gwi Li) (Li Tie Kwai)
(5) Lie Tieh Guai (Li Tieh Kuai) with the symbol of bottle gourd, most power of Delan gods bestowed wisdom
(6) Xian Tzu Han (Han Hsing-tzu) with flutes, restoring energy
One of the Eight Immortals, Philosopher Han Xiang (韓湘子 in pinyin: hán xiāng zi) or Han Xiang Zi, in Wade-Giles as Han Hsiang Tzu, was born Han Xiang during the Tang Dynasty, and his courtesy name is Qingfu (清夫 qīng fū). He is said to be the nephew or grandnephew of Han Yu, a prominent statesman of Tang Court. Han Xiang studied Daoism under Lü Dongbin. Once at a banquet by Han Yu, Han Xiang tried to persuade Han Yu to give up a life of officialdom and to study magic with him. But Han Yu was adamant that Han Xiang should dedicate his life to Confucianism instead of Daoism, so Han Xiang demonstrated the power of the Dao by pouring out cup after cup of wine from the gourd without end.
Lan Cai He or Lan Tsai Ho -Taoist deitiy known as one of The Eight Immortals or Pa Hsien
Photographer: Louise Batalla Duran
Lan Tsai-Ho is the mountebank of the Chinese Eight Immortals. She poses as a wandering singer, denouncing this fleeting life and its delusive pleasures1. The basket of flowers she carries is full of plants associated with longevity—chrysanthemums, plum blossoms, pine, bamboo, etc. Lan Tsai-Ho is sometimes represented as a woman and sometimes as a young, male child; she may also be presented as a hermaphrodite.
She is often drunk, or pretends to be, and gathers a group of followers while singing and capering through towns. When she has money, she usually throws it on the ground for poor. In the summer she wears thick clothing and a coat, and in the winter she makes her bed in the snow. Truly a foolish woman.
Lan Tsai-Ho dates from the Tang Dynasty (1766–1122 BC). She is said to have obtained immortality by bathing the boils and sores of a beggar, who is believed to have been Li-Tieguai (another of the Eight Immortals) in disguise.
It is believed that one can communicate with the gods by using Lan Tsai-Ho’s basket of flowers.
The Eight Immortal Atributes
The Eight Immortal Force
The Eight Directions, the Eight Forces
Eight Chinese Immortals
These Immortals are from a silk and paper screen that was hand painted…. it is one of the most colorful depictions i have seen
Eight Immortal In Enamel and Silver
source article by Susan ( 2007)
The eight figures on this bracelet are known in Chinese mythology as the Eight Immortals or Baxian. Popular figures, the Immortals are not gods.
They are humans who, after many lifetimes of spiritual practice, meditation and sacrifice transcended to an immortal form. They live on a magical mountain where there it is forever summer and pain does not exist.
There the rice bowls are never empty, and magical fruits heal and raise the dead…
The legends of the Immortals originally emerged from Taoist practice in the Tang and Song Dynasty.
By the 18th and 19thc they had become part of a broader folk culture. The Baxian appear in all types of Chinese art …from sculpture to silver. Used as symbols of longevity and immortality they frequently decorate children’s clothing and hats. Since they each have special powers and fully evolved personalities, they may appear singly or in various combinations. From left to right on the bracelet:
playing his flute, easily recognizable as inspiration to musicians he is known also as a philosoper, his flute has the power to give life.
the earliest and first of the group to attain immortality, he carries an iron crutch and his other symbol, the gourd, is on his shoulder. He offers comfort to the sick and support to their caretakers.
one of the youngest, a florist, he reminds people that life is fleeting.
the only woman, she always carrys the lotus blossom which symbolizes purity and marital bliss.
the scholar, also has power to heal, the sword over his head can drive out disease and evil.
one of the elders of the group, he is known as a teacher and powerful alchemist, he carries a musical instrument,
made of a bamboo with two iron rods with hooks
the leader of the group, and former soldier, he is easy to recognize with his large bare belly, he has the power to
revive the dead
the youngest of the group, guardian of actors, once a member of a royal family, wears court robes and carries the
castanets or a pair of jade court tablets, which have the power to purify.
This bracelet is interesting for me for several reasons, the form, (repousse with enamel) is uncommon, and the the subject matter (the Immortals) is uncommon in bracelets. That all leads me to conclude that this was a custom order….and not for made for export.
The images and the symbols on the bracelet may be very exotic to western eyes…but when you understand the story behind the images…all humans wish for the same things…health, success for their children, long life, a happy marriage.
Eight Immortal motif Wine Cup
YONGZHENG PERIOD,’FAMILLE-ROSE’ ‘EIGHT IMMORTALS’ WINE CUPS,
Famillie vert eight immortal wine cup
eight immortal bowl(illustration not upload)
The God Of Longevity Shoe-Lau
The below Shou Lao medallions at the bottom of large character bowl on which there are four painted cartouches on the exterior, each depicting two of the Eight Immortals. These cartouches are separated by repeated shou (longevity) characters. The medallion offered here feature Shou Lao, the god of longevity, seen riding a crane above crested waves.
This RARE and much south after character type of bowl depicts Shou Lao, the God of longevity, riding a crane above crested waves in the well. The exterior decoration feature four medallions, each depicting two of the Eight Immortals, surrounded by repeated shou (longevity) characters. This repeated use of the the shou character is known as Bai Shou Tu in Chinese, meaning the ‘Picture of One Hundred shou characters’ and is very common in Chinese traditional work of art. These bowls are traditionally an excellent gift as they provide wishes for long life. The Eight Immortals are the favorite pantheon in Daoism.
Motif Figure Eight Immortals
TAO RELIGIOUS FIGUR MOTIVES
The Three Star King FUK LUK Sou
Dr Iwan Collection
Calendar plate with motif Luk star king longevity
(not Upload later)
Three wise men are named three gods, Fuk Luk Sau or Fu Lu Shou – Fu Star, Lu Star and Shou Star. They are the popular deities of wealth, Prosperity, and Longevity.
(illustration not upload)
How to Place Three Gods:
Fu Lu Shou should be placed side by side in one row – Fuk is on your left side, Luk is in the center and Shou is on your right side when you look at them. They can be displayed on the table in your living room or dining area facing inside (not directly facing the main door if facing outside). The level of table can’t be too low. In addition, don’t display them under the beam or facing to toilet.
Fu Lu Shou” ( or Fuk Luk Sau) is the Three Star Gods. The Star of Fu is the God of Happiness/Fortune.
He carries a Ru-Yu (or Scepter). The Star of Lu is the God of Wealth and Social Status. He carries a small boy. The Star of Shou is the God of Longevity. He carries a staff and an immortal peach.
The pictures of “Fu Lu Shou” are extremely popular and are frequently seen in Chinese homes. Displaying the images of “Fu Lu Shou” in the home, especially facing the main door, is believed to transform incoming “Chi” (or energy) into auspicious energy. They can also be placed in an elevated place in the dining room or living room. The best place for them is a side board in the dining room, as this ensures there will always be plenty of food on the table, something that symbolizes prosperity.
(Motif) longevity Symbol
God of Longevity LAU
Three Star Gods Fuk-Luk-Sau
Dr Iwan Collections
Motif Symbol Love and marriage
God marriages Chieh Lin
- The Chinese God of Marriage is believed to be residing on the moon. On the first full moon of the Lunar year, which is on Chap Goh Meh, young ladies would throw sweet oranges into a body of water (river or the sea).
- This custom supposedly originates from the island of Penang and it is still practiced till this modern day. The ritual is believed to be an act of obtaining blessing from the God of Marriage, so that the lady’s wish of getting a good husband is fulfilled. The oranges chosen for that special ritual must be ripe and sweet as that would reflect the wealth and social status of the future husband. Each lady is entitled to throw just one orange into a body of water, be it a river or the sea.
- Bathing in the water that has been energized by the full moon can improve relationship luck. How to get moon-energized water? Simple. Place a basin of water under the moonlight for many hours. Add 7 types of flowers into that moon-activated bath water, utter positive affirmations before taking the moon bath. It helps to clear negative chi that affects your relationships.
- In feng shui, the full moon is a powerful symbol and source of Yin energy. The Chinese God of Marriage known as Chieh Lin resides on the moon. Therefore, it is a brilliant idea to display a picture or a painting of the full moon in your home if you intend to activate romance luck. This painting should be put in the South West corner of the home / room. The South West sector signifies romance and marriage. Other than a painting of the full moon, one may also display a painting of mandarin ducks (in pair) or display a pair of mandarin ducks carved out of rose quartz (for best effect) at the South West corner.
- Driwan Not yet found this motif collection In Indonesia(who have it please report)