The rare chinese Ceramic and Artwork Auction 2011

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Introductions

 

Many visitor of r iwan cybermuseum were asked where I best sold my collections, for them I will show two recent auctions :

first the Shoteby chinese ceramic at Hongkong 2011

second the auction at  Marck Labarbe Toulouse France 2011

Only the rare collections  still bought by the collectors,

1.the ceramic from Tang dynasty

2.The Chinese old painting

3.The Old chinese statue

I hope the collectors all over the world will ejoy this informations,more info exist,but only for premium member,please subscribed via comment.

the end@copyright Dr iwan Suwnady 2011

The Special Phillatelic Book:”five centuries of the tile of Portugal

IWANCYBERMUSEUM SPECIAL SHOW

THE PORTUGEUS LIMITED SPECIAL PHILLATELIC BOOK

Azulejo

5 centuries of the tile in Portugal 1989

 

Limited edition joint between Portugeus postal telecommunication and museum national Azulejo Portugal

Edited  by Rafael Salinas Calado

 

  

Limited Stamp Sheet edition1.000.000

Dr iwan collection no.0002847 

And

  

Book 10.000

Dr Iwan collection no 02847

 

 

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

The show to celebrating the 100.000 visit of Driwancybermuseum,wordpress,com

Jakarta@copyright dr iwanSuwandy 2011

Look the picture of site stat of the web blog by wordpress.com

 

Dr Iwan Notes:”Thank you very much to all visitor support,correction and suggestions,we hope after this the cybermuseum will be growth-up and became more populer as the best Cybermuseum of the world, please support and pray for Driwancybermuseum”

!!!!!!!!VIVA DRIWANCYBERMUSEUM!!!!!!!

 

FRONT COVER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRONTPAGE

 

LIMITED STAMP SHEET COLLECTIONS

 

 

 

PREFACE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

TILES IN 15TH-16TH CENTURIES

 

 

 

 

THE XVII th CENTURIES TILES

STAMP

 

 

 

 

TILES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XVIIIth CENTURIES TILES

STAMPS

 

 

 

TILES

 

 

 

 

XIX th CENTURIES TILES

STAMPS

 

 

 

TILES

 

XXth CENTURIES TILES

STAMP

 

 

TILES

 

 

MORE INFO ABOUT PORTUGAL TILES STAMPS

Postugal

 

FIVE CENTUREI OF TILES IN POTUGAL 1

This is the first of five issues tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal, where they have been widely used since the late 15th century for the decoration of interior and exterior walls and floors of public buildings and private homes. Until the mid-16th century, tiles were mainly imported from Spain, but as foreign artisans settled, local production started to soar. All tiles in this issue are from the collection of the National Tile Museum , in Lisbon, and showcase different manufacturing techniques and design patterns. Early techniques and designs were taken from the Moors, who introduced tiles in the Iberian Peninsula.

 

Rajola tile from Setúbal (Valencia, 15th cent.) 

Tracery pattern tile from Coimbra’s Old Cathedral (Seville, ca. 1503) 

Arms of Jaime, Duke of Bragança, from the Vila Viçosa palace (Seville, 1510) 

Pisana tile from Funchal’s Santa Clara convent (Lisbon, ca. 1595)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 16 March, 13 June, 28 August and 16 December 1981, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 5 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 250 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 250 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

 

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 2

This is the second set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The tiles on the first stamp belong to the collection of the National Tile Museum, in Lisbon, which is located in the former Convent of Madre de Deus. The 4×4 tile pattern on the last stamp comes from the cloister of that convent. The quadrilobate pattern can be seen in many churches in Portugal. Dutch-inspired blue and white tiles started to become popular by the end of the 17th century.

 

Italo-Flemish pattern (17th cent.) 

Altar panel showing oriental tapestry (17th cen  

Quadrilobate pattern (1630-1640)

Quadrilobate pattern (1670-1690)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 24 March, 11 June, 22 September and 15 December 1982, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of the last stamp and 3 million copies of each other one, on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 250 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 250 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 3

This is the third set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The piece on the first stamp is part of a set of six panels existing at the Palace of the Counts of Calheta, which nowadays hosts the Tropical Museum in Lisbon. The third and fourth pieces belong to National Tile Museum, in Lisbon, and were made in the studio of Gabriel del Barco y Minusca. The third piece shows an albarrada, a floral vase flanked by animals. Albarradas were probably inspired by Flemish paintings of flower vases.

 

Figurative panel: hunt scene (17th/18th cent.) 

Single figure tiles (18th cent.) 

Albarrada (18th cent.) 

Figurative panel: turkish horseman (18th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 16 March, 16 June, 18 October and 23 November 1983, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 200 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 4

This is the fourth set of stamps tracing the history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The panel on the first stamp was manufactured by Real Fábrica do Rato, in Lisbon, and can be found in a vestry of the former Madre de Deus convent, which now hosts the National Tile Museum. The tile panel on the second stamp is part of the wall decorations of the Alvor-Pombal palace, also in Lisbon, which now hosts the National Museum of Ancient Art. Portugal adopted the Brazilian fashion of using tiles for decorating the façade of buildings when Brazilian immigrants in Porto started to produce, in the second half of the 19th century, monochromatic high-relief tiles for that purpose, like those on the third stamp. The Art Nouveau pieces on the last stamp were designed by Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro for the decoration of bakeries, and were manufactured by the factory he founded in Caldas da Rainha.

 

King José I coat of arms (18th cent.) 

Ashlar in D. Maria style (18th cent.)

Pattern for façades (19th cent.)

Grasshoppers and wheat (19th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 8 March, 18 July, 3 August and 17 October 1984, and circulated until 31 August 1989. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 200 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp.

Five Centuries of Tiles in Portugal 5

This last set of stamps illustrates the 20th century history of ceramic tiles in Portugal. The tiles on the first stamp are part of a larger panel in the Faculty of Letters of the University of Lisbon. The tiles on the second stamp are part of a street panel on Infante Santo Avenue, in Lisbon. The two other stamps depict tiles in the collection of the National Tile Museum, also in Lisbon. Manuel Cargaleiro’s tiles on the last stamp are an update of the 18th century single figure style shown in the third issue. Maria Keil was one of the major forces of the revival and renovation of the art of tiles in the second half of the 20th century, having designed from 1957 to 1982 the abstract tile panels decorating 19 Lisbon subway stations. You can see her and Cargaleiro’s work, amongst others, by selecting the individual stations on the Lisbon Subway Art site.

 

Tiles by Jorge Barradas (1957) 

Tiles by Maria Keil (20th cent.)

Woman’s head by Querubim Lapa (20th cent.) 

Tiles by Manuel Cargaleiro (20th cent.)

The stamps were designed by the Post Office Philatelic Services, issued on 13 February, 19 June, 20 August and 15 November 1985, and circulated until 31 December 1992. The Mint, in Lisbon, lithographed 1 million copies of each stamp on enamelled paper sheets of 5×10 stamps, with a phosphor band and perforation 12×11¾. Moreover, the Mint printed 150 thousand miniature sheets with the four stamps and, for each stamp, 120 thousand miniature sheets with 6 copies of the stamp

PS THE COMPLETE COLLECTIONS EXIST,BUT ONLY FOR PREMIUM MEMBER ,PLEASE SUBSCRIBED VIA COMMENT.

The end@copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

The Islamic stamps and postal history

 

 

ISLAMIC POSTAL HISTORY

 

CREATED BY

Dr Iwan Suwandy

Jakarta@copyright 2011

 

 

 

 

afghanistan

 

Albania

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lybia

 

 

Iran

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maritime mail

Russian company on steamship

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey,Liannos local post

 

 

 

 

Admirality stamps

 

 

The end @copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

Ps.complete collections exist,but only for premium member,please subscribed via comment

The Scientifict Fact Of Orgasm

 

history

In the 1950s Robert Kinsey, the first scientist to study human sexuality in detail, once likened the orgasm to “the crescendo, climax, and sudden stillness achieved by an orchestra of human emotions… an explosion of tensions, and to sneezing.” That definition has since been boiled down to “something that is awesome”. However you like to describe the culmination of your chosen sexual act, always remember that studies have shown that having an orgasm is good for one’s health, in moderation, of course. Take a moment to read through the science of orgasms, and discover what it means in the animal kingdom, too.

 
 

Orgasm

 

An orgasm is a sexual climax or peak. Orgasm occurs as a result of continued sexual stimulation. During an orgasm, there is a strong feeling of excitement and intense physical pleasure. Sexual stimulation may be sexual intercourse, hand rubbing and squeezing, called masturbation, or other activities that excite the sex organs. During an orgasm, a person’s body usually spasms (shakes or trembles) and the person’s brain activity changes quickly. Orgasms may happen when people are asleep. When men ejaculate in their sleep, this is often called a “wet dream”.

Orgasms happen to other mammals when they have sex, in a similar way.

 Male orgasm

The penis usually becomes hard before an orgasm, and softens again after. When a man has an orgasm, he feels a very strong and enjoyable feeling, sometimes throughout his entire body. In a man, an orgasm usually happens at the same time as an ejaculation, which is an involuntary release of semen through the penis. Young boys can orgasm, but there may be no semen because semen release usually occurs only after puberty has started. After an orgasm, men usually experience a deep sense of relaxation, usually felt in the groin and the thighs. Usually the stronger the orgasm, the deeper the relaxation and the longer the relaxation will last.

Female orgasm

A woman’s orgasm begins in her clitoris, which is the counterpart of the man’s penis. It is preceded by an erection of the clitoris and a moistening of the opening of the vagina. When a woman experiences a full orgasm, her uterus, vagina, anus, and pelvic muscles undergo a series of rhythmic contractions. Most women find these contractions very pleasurable.[1]

References

  1. van Netten JJ, Georgiadis JR, Nieuwenburg A, Kortekaas R (April 2008). “8-13 Hz fluctuations in rectal pressure are an objective marker of clitorally-induced orgasm in women”. Archives of Sexual Behavior 37 (2):

scientific info

1.

Orgasm Every Day It Protects From Disease

 

If you want to avoid the disease, do not bother to undergo a difficult process. Just make your body orgasms every day. Disease would disappear instantly. it help you sleep well, relieve stress and burn calories, there are also several other reasons why you need to have sex more often. klik here to download for more information.

Are you including the person can produce an orgasm every day? If yes, then lucky you.! The reason is, women can regularly orgasm will appear more energetic and avoid the threat of disease, as expressed to a new study released by Mid Day.

According to the team from the Women’s Health Program in Australia, women who have high levels of sex life, she will have a more vibrant vitality and a better psychological outlook than those who only have sex less than twice a month. A recent study says that women who have sex more than twice a week, have a lesser risk of getting a heart attack, than women who had sex less than once a month.

women who are sexually not very satisfied with satisfaction tend to have low self welfare and lacking in vitality.”

“These findings highlight the importance of addressing these areas as an important part of health care because women may be uncomfortable discussing this issue with their doctor,

In this study, is known to have 90 percent of women having their sexual activity with a partner where 50 percent do it because the agenda of partner initiatives. Female sexual activity are more likely to be influenced by the presence of a partner, health partners, and sexual function are not addressed in this study.

“The fact that these things are identified as a satisfaction for maintaining the level of sexual activity of women is greatest, ie, due to expectations of behavior and of their partners,” said Professor Susan Davis, senior author who is also based on the Women’s Health Program in Australia.

It also strengthens the fact that the frequency of sexual activity in women can not be used as a reliable indicator as part of sexual welfare, “added the expert.

Sexual medicine expert, Dr. Irwin Goldsten said, “This emphasizes the role and importance of sexual health on the health and welfare of women as a whole.
this also applies to men.

Okay that’s All About Article Orgasm Every Day It Protects From Disease, Hopefully the Article useful to you. if anyone wants to add, criticize, or suggestions regarding this article please comment below or contact me

2.5 Characteristics Female Orgasm Real Or Fake Results of a study, 70 percent of women fake orgasms to please their partner. Some features of the female orgasm may need to be known by the men to see if their partner is really having an orgasm or merely pretending.

- As reported by iVillage, the first feature of the female orgasm can be seen from the nipple and clit. If you have an orgasm, a woman’s clitoris will harden. This is also true for female nipple. If the nipples or clitoris does not harden but the couple seemed to be like having an orgasm, could be a 95 percent chance the woman faked her orgasms.

- The second feature can be seen from the breath and heartbeat of the woman. Listen to her breathing in his ear, if the weight means she will achieve something. Breathing will be heavier when the woman reaches orgasm. Her heart rate would be even faster as you approach orgasm. If these two things do not happen, it could be he’s just pretending to please their partner.

- The third characteristic can be seen from the size of her pupils. Pupils are dilated so the sign of a woman reach orgasm during intercourse. If you are having sex with a partner in a dark room, would be difficult to know if her pupils dilated or not. The third trick can be done in a bright room. When making love, ask your partner’s eyes. Women usually want to do it because they feel it is romantic. You have to actually remember how her pupils during orgasm and compare it when the show finished making love.

- A fourth feature is the lip color. Women who experience orgasm lips will change color becomes increasingly red. It is not just occur on the lips on the face alone. Vaginal lips will experience a similar color change. So when you start to penetrate, consider the color of her lips. Then compare the time couples reach orgasm. If it does not change the red lips, she could be faking it.

- Characteristics last or fifth characteristic is the attitude after orgasm. One that could be a sign of women fake orgasms or not is to see how his attitude after reaching a climax. Is he just got up from bed or choose to lie down? If the selection is the first, your spouse probably besarmemalsukan orgasm. On reaching orgasm, the chemical effects that will happen is the eyes glaze and the body becomes limp. So that a woman usually takes a few minutes to lie down to enjoy the moment.

 

 

FREE ORGASM PROBLEM ‘S CONSULTATIONS VIA COMMENT OR EMAIL

tye end @ copyright Dr iwan suwandy 2011

Dr iwan CR-ROM sample:”How to upgrade your collections for win gold medal at international phillatelic exhibition”

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

Dr Iwan Book E-Book CD-ROM Exhibition

HOW TO UPGRADE YOUR QUALITY AND RARERITY PHILLATELIC COLLECTION TO WIN THE  INTERNATIONAL PHILLATELIC EXHIBITION ‘S GOLD MEDAL

 

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

PS the Limited CD-ROM exist but only for premium member subscribed via comment and buy this rare limited 10 CD-ROM issued,and win the gold medal in international phillatelic exhibition.

Introductions

After 55 years of collecting and collections fllateli menyakiskan several international philatelic exhibitions both in Indonesia and in foreign countries and follow a few lectures about the requirements and assessment of the international exhibition of philatelic collections, then I conclude that the main factor you should consider for your collection on display can be won prize medals gold is the quality and scarcity of your collection as well as narrative and performance kemampauan collection.

I am very concerned about the collection of Indonesia are generally only able to reach the Large silver prize, and very minimal which attained their Gold medal, and almost never heard (sorry if any) a large gold medal.

In relation to the above, I tried to do research, what exactly caused it, the conclusion of quality, rarity and the narrative is less successful is shown by the participants, they may not understand exactly what is meant by the world’s philatelic experts about the quality, the scarcity of technical and narrative .

The results of my research below is expected to assist the Indonesian philatelists and other countries in enhancing the quality collections on display in terms of quality and technical rerity and narrative.

The example shown is taken from the miraculous world of philately collection, written by experts philatelists, teruitama displayed in order to promote high-quality collection of rare preformance in the offer international auction.

Enjoy and explore philately collection that meets international standards of quality and rarity collection worthy of display in order to obtain the maximum valuation of 10 to 12 so medasli gold can be achieved.

This is a collection that displayed a collection of choice to be made an example for Indonesia and international philately ubntuk used as a collection or an investment because this type of collection that are still in demand of philatelists, while the collection under this standard is no longer in demand.

Jakarta, September 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy, MHA

SAMPLE COLLECTION Philately WITH QUALITY AND SCARCITY TO WIN GOLD MEDAL

KNOWN AS

PHILLATELIC GEMs

Indonesian Version

SAetelah 55 tahun mengumpul koleksi fllateli dan menyakiskan beberapa pameran filateli international baik di Indonesia dan di manca negara serta mengikuti beberapa  ceramah tentang persyaratan dan penilaian pameran koleksi filateli international, maka saya berkesimpulan faktor utama yang anda harus perhatikan agar koleksi anda yang dipamerkan dapat meraih hadiah medali emas adalah kualitas dan kelangkaan koleksi anda serta kemampauan narasi serta penampilan koleksi tersebut.

Saya sangat prihatin koleksi dari Indonesia umumnya hanya mampu meraih hadiah   Large silver saja, dan sangat minim yang memeroleh medali Gold, serta hampir tidak pernah terdengar (maaf bila ada) yang meraih  medali large gold.

Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut diatas ,saya berusaha melakukan penelitian ,apakah sebenarnya yang menyebabkannya, kesimpulannya kualitas,kelangkaan dan narasinya yang kurang berhasil ditampilkan oleh para peserta , mungkin mereka kurang tepat memahami apa yang dimaksud oleh para pakar filateli dunia tentang kualitas,kelangkaan serta teknis narasinya.

Hasil penelitian saya dibawah ini diharapkan dapat membantu para filatelis indonesia dan negara lain dalam meningkatkan mutu koleksi yang dipamerkan dari segi kualitas dan rerity serta teknis narasinya.

Contoh  yang ditampilkan diambil dari bebrapa koleksi filatelis dunia yang ditulis oleh para pakar filatelis,teruitama yang ditampilkan dalam rangka promosi koleksi langka kualitas tinggi yang di tawarkan dalam lelangan international.

Selamat menikmati dan mendalami koleksi filatelis yang memenuhi standar international kualitas dan kelangkaan koleksi yang pantas untuk di tampilkan agar memperoleh penilaian yang maksimal 10 sampai 12 sehingga medasli emas dapat diraih.

Koleksi yang ditampilkan ini adalah koleksi pilihan untuk dapat dijadikan contoh bagi para filatelis Indonesia dan international ubntuk dijadikan koleksi atau investasi karena koleksi tipe inilah yang masih diminati para filatelis,sedangkan koleksi yang dibawah standar ini sudah tidak diminati lagi.

Jakarta ,september 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

CONTOH KOLEKSI FILATELI DENGAN MUTU KULAITAS DAN KELANGKAAN UNTUK MERAIH MEDALI EMAS

ATAU DIKENAL SEBAGAI

PHILLATELIC GEMS

1.these rare overprints, which were issued in very limited quantities due to the shortage of available stocks for overprinting, making these among the rarest stamps of the entire Elizabethan era; 1969 Bridger and Kay certificate for the set that is signed by Robson Lowe (Scott #1-16) SOLD FOR $15,235.00

 2.AUSTRALIA

(1)S.G. #138, 1934 £2 Black and rose, handsome top sheet-margin single, brilliantly rich colors, o.g., stamp never hinged (lightly hinged in the top selvage only), very fine; lightly pencil signed by A. Diena (Scott #129; $7,000.00

(2)

extremely fine;certainly among the finest quality 1909 Twenty Shilling Australia Postage Due stamps in existence.

sold for $10,000.00

3.Bahama

strong color for this, fresh and fine; one of the key rarities
SOLD for $10,500.00

 

4.Barbados 

(1)Indies rarity, possessing stunning color that is incredibly deep and prooflike, razor-sharp impression on bright white paper

sold for $15,000.00

(2). 

the rarest stamp in the entire Sovereign collection. There are only three copies known, all of which are used. 

SOLD for $29,000.00

5.Basutoland

 

gorgeous vibrant colors throughout, well centered, o.g., with each being very lightly hinged only once, extremely fine

$37,500.00

 

the end @ copyright Dr iwan Suwandy 2011

PS. THE COMPLETE cd-rom EXIST ONLY TEN CD,PLEASE BUY FAST VIA COMMENT,BEFORE SUBSCRIBED AS THE PRE MIU MEMBER.

The Chinese ceramic Exhibiiton at Beijing

Cina dan Swedia: kenangan berharga

Pembukaan pameran hari Senin 26 September 2005
 

Pagi-pagi persiapan terakhir untuk pembukaan berjalan baik. Area pintu masuk dan penerimaan (kanan atas) yang memimpin para Tamu Kehormatan hingga ruang pameran yang sebenarnya sedang disiapkan di sisi timur pintu gerbang Meridian (Wumen) dari Kota Terlarang. Aula memaksakan langsung di atas Wumen adalah tempat pameran diadakan. Ini harus menjadi ruang pameran yang paling mengesankan yang pernah, untuk sebuah pameran porselen Cina.

Gambar 1:

Sebuah pemandangan spektakuler dari Meridian Gate (Wumen) dari Kota Terlarang, puncak-puncak atap puncak diselimuti kabut pagi sedikit. Kami berada di sana bersama-sama dengan dan seantusias ratusan wisatawan sudah berkumpul di tempat itu. Paviliun di atas drum ditempatkan gerbang yang dipukuli mengumumkan keberangkatan kaisar untuk Kuil Surga dan lonceng berdering untuk mengumumkan keberangkatannya ke Kuil Leluhur. Lonceng dan genderang di sini juga terdengar ketika kaisar akan menerima menteri di Taihedian itu (Aula Agung Harmony). Saat itu di tengah paviliun yang megah tepat di atas Gerbang Meridian bahwa Pameran itu digelar, pintu masuk bagi kita ditandai dengan bendera Swedia dan Cina yang mengapit tangga batu hingga lorong, paling kanan dari gambar. Lima jembatan di bagian tengah dari gambar berjalan di sebuah sungai berkelok-kelok. Air yang disuplai dapat digunakan untuk memadamkan kebakaran wabah di Kota Terlarang. Untuk mengabaikan ini mitos memegangnya bahwa sejumlah (lima) naga akan melihat keluar untuk ini tapi karena semua dalam semua, Kota Terlarang terbakar sekitar 55 kali itu juga diadakan bahwa naga itu tidak sepenuhnya melakukan pekerjaan mereka. Di latar depan gambar batu ukiran yang rumit naga pada jalur miring, ditumpangi oleh panggangan logam hari ini. Ini ukiran naga yang terletak langsung pada “tulang belakang Dragon” yang berjalan melalui Kota Terlarang seluruh dan seterusnya, adalah Feng Shui fitur dalam keyakinan bahwa roh-roh jahat tidak dapat melakukan perjalanan menaiki lereng jika tangga yang hilang, sehingga menjaga Kaisar aman dari kejahatan roh, dalam ukiran naga juga merupakan fitur pelindung untuk Kaisar. Yang cukup menarik, Saya telah browsing di Pasar Antik di Beijing beberapa hari kemudian dan menemukan untuk dijual, apa yang tampaknya menjadi pilar batu yang asli dating kembali ke Dinasti Ming mirip dengan yang Anda dapat melihat ke kiri dan kanan di latar depan gambar ini, dengan kesamaan yang mencolok dengan orang-orang yang benar-benar mengelilingi Altar Surga. Berat padat itu akan patung penyisihan tas tangan, jadi saya memutuskan untuk menyampaikan harta karun itu. Mudah-mudahan akhirnya akan menemukan jalan kembali ke altar.
 

Gambar 2:

Upacara Pembukaan dimulai. Mulia Putri Mahkota Swedia Victoria di tengah telah di sebelah kirinya Menteri Swedia untuk Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Mr Thomas Östros dan Duta Besar Swedia di Cina Mr Börje Ljunggren. Ke kanan nya Menteri, Deputi Cina Kebudayaan, Direktur Palace Museum, Mr Zheng Xinmiao dan Wakil Direktur Museum Istana, Mr Li Ji.
 

Gambar 3:

Sponsor utama dari seluruh acara – Volvo – diwakili oleh Wakil Presiden Senior AB Volvo Mr Karl Erling Trogen yang juga mengambil kesempatan untuk hadir ke Museum Istana sumbangan dari 18 potongan selcted dari porselen dari pameran.
 

Gambar 4:

Kerumunan selama pidato-pidato resmi pada Upacara Pembukaan. Panas musim gugur dan pengaturan berdiri canggung untuk para tamu pada acara itu mereda oleh angin dingin dan mengundang Beijing yang melanda sekitar kita. Tiba-tiba aku merasa nyata mendengarkan kata-kata yang dipertukarkan antara kedua negara dan menyadari bahwa tempat ini, di mana saya berdiri untuk acara ini, telah ada selama ratusan tahun sebelumnya. saat ini. Perasaan yang hadir di ‘sini dan sekarang’ di tempat bersejarah membuat saya merasa seolah-olah aku tidak tahu waktu lagi. Aku setengah berharap Kaisar Qianlong untuk pop turun dari lorong di atas untuk bergabung dengan kerumunan atau lebih kemungkinan beberapa kasim marah datang sekitar untuk memberitahu kita untuk segera jelas tangga sampai ke ruang Wumen upacara karena kita tidak punya urusan di sini. Suasana sangat menyengat dan peristiwa bersejarah kami hanyalah satu bagian dalam sejarah panjang tempat ini. Masih aneh yang tepat dan satu untuk bersukacita. Ke kanan bawah, pameran Swedia komisaris, penulis dan sarjana Jarl Vansvik, berjalan menaiki tangga, menuju ruang pameran.
 

Gambar 5:

Pada panggung Menteri Swedia untuk Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Mr Thomas Östros memberikan pidato introductury untuk acara tersebut, segera diikuti oleh Wakil Menteri Kebudayaan Cina, Direktur Palace Museum, Mr Zheng Xinmiao. Selain Mr Östros, seorang penerjemah Cina. Gadis-gadis cantik di qipaos fuschia berwarna itu pengawal ke acara tersebut.
 

Gambar 6:

Rapat Profesor Geng Baoshang, terkenal karena tulisan-tulisan yang mendalam dan beasiswa di porselen Imperial Chineses, adalah salah satu titik yang tinggi dari upacara pembukaan kepada saya, namun di luar program.
 

Gambar 7:

Tangga batu yang menuju ke Aula Pameran itu sendiri, warna-warna bendera Swedia mengapit tangga. Para architecuture tempat itu adalah sesuatu yang sangat menakjubkan.
 

Gambar 8:

Pintu masuk ke Aula Pameran dengan bendera dari dua negara dan peta rute perdagangan Timur Indiaman Gotheborg III, pelacakan pelayaran kapal untuk datang.
 

Gambar 9:

Sebuah pandangan dalam Hall Pameran. Membandingkan dalam dengan arsitektur luar kita menemukan bahwa apa yang tampaknya dua lantai sebenarnya adalah langit-langit yang tinggi dengan hanya berjalan di dalam balkon jendela fasad atas kedua tier. Ke kiri langsung di Ru yao hidangan dari The Museum Röhss itu ditampilkan dalam sebuah karya sendiri. Pada preview tekan seorang reporter mencoba untuk membuka menampilkan bahwa untuk mendapatkan gambar yang lebih baik dengan lemari kaca pergi, menyebabkan cukup keributan di antara staf keamanan.
 

Gambar 10:

Pecahan dari penggalian Wästfeldt dari koleksi Museum Maritim. Sebagian besar pecahan masih dalam tas mereka, diurutkan sesuai nomor untuk menemukan mereka, penentuan lokasi mereka di situs kecelakaan. Semua dalam semua beberapa 7 ton pecahan dibesarkan, dibersihkan, disortir dan terdaftar selama penggalian, pecahan-pecahan yang dipajang di sini hanya sebagian kecil dari total temukan.
 

Gambar 11:

Model abad ke-18 Indiamen Timur – atau, kapal dagang Barat ke Cina dan ‘Semua negara-negara Timur India’ sebagai dokumen lama juga dipajang memilikinya.
 

Gambar 12:

Sebuah tembakan dari diriku sendiri dan ke (kanan saya) Lars-Olof kiri Lööf, Kepala Departemen Koleksi dari Museum Kota Gothenburg di Swedia. Di belakang kami adalah Entourage Kerajaan dengan Mulia Putri Mahkota Victoria.
 

Gambar 13:

Dengan HRH Victoria meter hanya beberapa itu hanya masalah waktu sebelum tertangkap Entourage Kerajaan dengan kami dan saya merasa senang pertemuan HRH Victoria secara pribadi. Menjadi mana kami berada, aku tidak bisa membantu meminta kesan nya ini Imperial Palace – Kota Terlarang – sejauh ini, dan pikirannya tentang bagaimana dibandingkan dengan lingkungannya Stockholm. Saya harap saya tidak melampaui apapun kepercayaan kalau aku bilang dia merasa itu adalah tempat yang megah dan bahwa dia mungkin bisa mempertimbangkan tinggal di tempat seperti ini, tapi mungkin tidak kembali pada era Dinasti.
 

Gambar 14:

Sebuah tur yang menarik dari Pameran berakhir dan di sini, keluar Entourage Kerajaan dengan sebanyak, jika tidak lebih, perhatian seperti ketika mereka masuk. Setidaknya 25 fotografer dan wartawan bergegas setelah HRH Victoria tak terlihat dalam gambar ini. Itu adalah yang paling dekat dengan terburu-buru paparazi saya telah menyaksikan.
 

Gambar 15:

Pandangan langsung di luar pintu masuk ruang pameran akan pandangan Kaisar ketika melakukan pengumuman kepada kerumunan di luar Wumen tersebut. Itu adalah perasaan aneh berdiri di sini. Seolah-olah kaisar hanya sebelah Anda. Dari sini Anda cari di atap Beijing dalam cahaya yang sama seperti yang telah dilihat dan angin pada wajah Anda sama saja yang telah sini dari waktu paling awal. Itu hanya kerumunan di bawah yang baru, dan ya, bahwa Anda benar-benar memiliki hak untuk berada di sini dan hanya melihat.
 

Gambar 16:

Setelah badai … menenangkan. Orang banyak telah tersebar, setelah kenyang mereka dari harta di layar dan menyerap suasana seluruh acara. Salah satu tembakan terakhir saya untuk acara ini adalah dari tangga batu menuju ruang pameran itu sendiri dengan gambar Indiaman Timur III Gotheborg meluncurkan selama Upacara Pembukaan. Aku mengambil waktu sejenak untuk merefleksikan gambar dan Nya. Saya hanya bisa membayangkan apa yang kedatangan-Nya di tahun Kanton depan akan seperti, kenyataan akan menaungi gambar dalam sekejap! Di latar depan gambar adalah menunjukkan keramahan dipikirkan dengan baik dari sponsor yang tidak pernah gagal untuk mengesankan. Makanan dan minuman terus dilayani bahkan sebagai tamu meninggalkan, memastikan pada semua tahap melalui acara itu, para tamu makan dengan baik dan bahagia.

AKHIR

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

ORIGINAL INFO FROM GOTHEBERG.

China and Sweden: Treasured Memories

 

PICTURES

The exhibition Opening day Monday 26th of September 2005

Early in the morning the last preparations for the grand opening was well under way. The entrance and reception area (top right) that was to lead the Guests of Honor up to the actual exhibition hall was being prepared at the east side of the Meridian gate (Wumen) of the Forbidden City. The imposing hall directly on top of the Wumen was where the exhibition was held. This must be the most imposing exhibition hall ever, for a Chinese porcelain exhibition.Picture 1:A spectacular view of Meridian Gate (Wumen) of the Forbidden City, the crests of the roof tops enveloped in a slight morning mist. We were there together with and as enthusiastic as the hundreds of tourists already gathered in the place. The pavillion on top of the gate housed drums which were beaten to announce the emperor’s departure for the Temple of Heaven and bells to ring to announce his departure to the Ancestral Temple. The bells and drums here were also sounded when the emperor was going to receive his ministers in the Taihedian (Hall of Supreme Harmony). It was in the majestic centre pavillion right above the Meridian Gate that the Exhibition was held, its entrance for us indicated by the Swedish and Chinese flag that flanked a stone stairway up to the hall, far right of the picture. Five bridges in the mid-section of the picture run across a meandering river. The water supplied could be used to douse outbreaks of fires in the Forbidden City. To overlook this the myths held it that a number of (five) dragons would look out for this but since all in all, the Forbidden City had caught fire about 55 times it was also held that the dragons was not entirely doing their job. In the foreground of the picture is an intricate stone carving of dragons on a sloped pathway, boarded by metal grills today. This dragon carving that lies directly on the “Dragon’s spine” that runs through the entire Forbidden City and beyond, is a Feng Shui feature in belief that evil spirits cannot travel up the slope if the stairs are missing, thus keeping the Emperor safe from evil spirits, the dragons in the carving is also a protective feature for the Emperor. Interestingly enough, I was browsing at the Antiques Market in Beijing a few days later and found for sale, what seemed to be a genuine stone pillar dating back to the Ming Dynasty similar to those you can see to the left and right in the foreground of this picture, with striking similarity to those that actually surrounds the Altar of the Heaven. The solid weight of it would bust the hand luggage allowance, so I decided to pass on that treasure. Hopefully it will eventually find its way back to the altar.
Picture 2:The Opening Ceremony begins. HRH the Swedish Crown Princess Victoria in the middle has to her left the Swedish Minister for Industry and Trade Mr. Thomas Östros and the Swedish Ambassador in China Mr. Börje Ljunggren. To her right, Chinese Deputy Minister of Culture, Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Zheng Xinmiao and Deputy Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Li Ji.
Picture 3:The main sponsor of the whole event – Volvo – was represented by the Senior Vice President of AB Volvo Mr. Karl Erling Trogen who also took the opportunity to present to the Palace Museum a donation of 18 selcted pieces of porcelain from the exhibition.
Picture 4:The crowds during the official speeches at the Opening Ceremony. The autumn heat and awkward standing arrangements for the guests at the event was eased by the cool and inviting Beijing winds that swept around us. All at once I felt surreal listening to the words exchanged between the two countries and realizing that this place, where I stood for the event, had existed for hundreds of years before. this moment. The feeling of being present in the ‘here and now’ in such a historic place made me feel as if I couldn’t tell time any longer. I half expected the Emperor Qianlong to pop down from the hall above to join the crowd or more likely some angry eunuchs coming around to tell us to immediately clear the stairs up to the Wumen hall of ceremony because we had no business here. The atmosphere was overpowering and the historic event we were part was just one in the long history of this place. Still strangely appropriate and one to rejoice. To the bottom right, the Swedish exhibition commissar, writer and scholar Jarl Vansvik, making his way up the stairs, towards the exhibition hall.
Picture 5:At the stage the Swedish Minister for Industry and Trade Mr. Thomas Östros giving the introductury speach to the event, immediately to be followed by the Chinese Deputy Minister of Culture, Director of Palace Museum, Mr. Zheng Xinmiao. Beside Mr. Östros, a Chinese translator. The pretty girls in the fuschia colored qipaos were escorts to the event.
Picture 6:Meeting Professor Geng Baoshang, well known for his profound writings and scholarship on Chineses Imperial porcelain, was one of the high points of the opening ceremony to me, however outside the program.
Picture 7:The stone stairway leading up to the Exhibition Hall itself, the Swedish flag colours flanking the stairs. The architecuture of the place is something quite amazing.
Picture 8:The entrance to the Exhibition Hall with the flags of the two countries and a trading route map of the East Indiaman Gotheborg III, tracking the ship’s voyage to come.
Picture 9:An inside view of the Exhibition Hall. Comparing the inside with the outside architecture we find that what appears to be two floors is actually a high ceiling with only a balcony running inside the windows of the second upper facade tier. To the immediate left the Ru yao dish from The Röhss Museum was displayed in a showcase of its own. At the press preview a reporter had tried to open that showcase to get a better picture with the cabinet glass away, causing quite a stir among the security staff.
Picture 10:Shards from the Wästfeldt’s excavation from the collection of the Maritime Museum. Much of the shards were still in their bags, sorted according to their find numbers, pinpointing their exact location on the wreck site. All in all some 7 tons of shards was brought up, cleaned, sorted and registered during the excavation, the shards on display here being a mere fraction of the total find.
Picture 11:Models of 18th century East Indiamen – or, western ships trading to China and ‘All countries East of India’ as the old documents also on display had it.
Picture 12:A shot of myself and to the left (my right) Lars-Olof Lööf, Head of the Collections Departments of the Gothenburg City Museum in Sweden. Behind us is the Royal Entourage with HRH the Crown Princess Victoria.
Picture 13:With HRH Victoria only metres away it was only a matter of time before the Royal Entourage caught up with us and I had the pleasure of meeting HRH Victoria in person. Being where we were, I could not help asking for her impression of this Imperial Palace – the Forbidden City – so far, and her thoughts on how it compared to her Stockholm surroundings. I hope I am not overstepping any confidences if I tell she felt it was a magnificent place and that she possibly could consider living in such a place like this, but perhaps not back in the Dynastic era.
Picture 14:An interesting tour of the Exhibition comes to an end and here, the Royal Entourage exits with as much, if not more, attention as when they entered. At least 25 photographers and reporters rush after HRH Victoria unseen in this picture. It was the closest to a paparazzi rush I have witnessed.
Picture 15:This view directly outside the entrance of the exhibition hall would be the view of the Emperor when doing his announcements to the crowd outside the Wumen. It was a strange feeling standing here. It was almost as if the emperor was just next to you. From here you were looking at the roof tops of Beijing in same light as he had seen and the wind on your face was just the same that has been here from the earliest time. It was just the crowd below that was new, and yes, that you actually had the right to be here and just look.
Picture 16:After the storm… the calm. The crowds have dispersed, having had their fill of the treasures on display and soaking up the atmosphere of the entire event. One of my final shots for the event was of the stone stairway leading up to the exhibition hall itself with a picture of the East Indiaman Gotheborg III unveiled during the Opening Ceremony. I took a moment to reflect on the picture and on Her. I can only imagine what Her arrival in Canton next year would be like, the reality will overshadow the picture in an instant! In the foreground of the picture is a show of the well thought out hospitality of the sponsors that never failed to impress. Food and drinks continued to be served even as the guests were leaving, ensuring at all stages through the event, the guests were well fed and happy.THE END

The Rawagede Krawang Massacre 1947 related colletions

Duta Besar Belanda untuk Indonesia menghadiri upacara peringatan hari Selasa bagi mereka yang meninggal dalam pembantaian 1947 di Rawagede pada Jawa Barat, di mana hampir setiap orang di desa itu tewas.

Ini adalah pertama kalinya seorang wakil pemerintah Belanda telah menghadiri acara tahunan, dan datang pada saat tekanan mounting untuk permintaan maaf resmi untuk membunuh.

Pembantaian itu berlangsung selama lima tahun perang gerilya yang mendahului kemerdekaan Indonesia ketika tentara Belanda dilaksanakan beberapa 431 pria dan anak lelaki dari desa.

Dalam sambutannya, yang dalam bahasa Indonesia, Nikolaos van Dam disebut sebelumnya “permintaan maaf yang tulus dari pemerintah Belanda.” Sampai sekarang, garis Belanda resmi telah mengatakan “maaf” untuk pembantaian itu.

Tapi dalam versi Belanda pidato, kata-kata permintaan maaf atau alasan tidak muncul. Sebaliknya, kata “menyesal” digunakan.

Setelah pidatonya, duta besar mengatakan kata-kata bisa diambil sebagai permintaan maaf. “Bagi saya, [maaf dan mengatakan maaf] adalah sama,” katanya.

Batara Hutagalung, yang berada di belakang upaya untuk mendapatkan pemerintah Belanda untuk meminta maaf dengan benar, kata duta besar dikirim keluar pesan campuran. “Apakah dia berbicara tentang permintaan maaf atau tentang penyesalan?” Kata Hutagalung. “Dia mengatakan mereka adalah hal yang sama, tetapi mereka tidak.”

Pada tahun 2005 ketika kemudian menteri luar negeri Ben Bot berbicara tentang pembantaian itu, dia juga menggunakan kata “menyesal”.

Pemerintah Belanda pada tahun 1969 mengakui bahwa eksekusi massal yang terjadi di Rawagede selama perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia, setelah wahyu oleh seorang mantan tentara Belanda pada skala kekejaman yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda di bekas koloninya.

Kerabat dan selamat dari pembantaian di desa Rawagede Indonesia dari tahun 1947 menuntut permintaan maaf dan kompensasi dari pemerintah Belanda. Indonesia adalah koloni Belanda di tahun 1800 dan akhirnya diberikan kedaulatan pada tahun 1949 setelah perjuangan bersenjata.

“Saya tidak pernah berpikir mereka akan membunuh kami karena kami hanya orang biasa,” kata Saih. “Saya hanya menyadari [apa yang mereka akan lakukan] ketika mereka mulai mundur … Een, twee, Drie.” Tiga tentara mulai menembak laki-laki di belakang.

Menurut ke desa, para tentara menembak mati semua orang – 431 orang. Itu adalah ringkasan keadilan, dijatuhkan keluar sebagai orang-orang itu melarikan diri atau bersembunyi di sungai. Pada tahun 1969, sebuah investigasi oleh pemerintah Belanda ke kejahatan perang di Indonesia mengatakan 150 tewas di Rawagede.

Saih, sekarang di tahun 80-an, adalah salah satu dari 10 korban dan kerabat yang, 61 tahun kemudian, yang meminta permintaan maaf dan kompensasi atas pembantaian di desa Rawagede Indonesia dari yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda pada 9 Desember 1947.

Minggu pengacara terakhir Gerrit Jan Pulles dan Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, sebuah yayasan yang mewakili korban sipil dari pemerintahan kolonial Belanda di Indonesia, menyatakan pemerintah Belanda harus menerima tanggung jawab atas pembantaian di Rawagede.

Kemerdekaan

Sama seperti banyak orang lain, Saih, yang menjual sayuran, bersembunyi di sungai ketika Belanda tiba. Tubuhnya bawah air, kepalanya dalam lubang ia menggali di dasar sungai. Tapi empat tentara ‘anjing-anjing pelacak menemukannya. Temannya berteriak “merdeka” (kemerdekaan) dan ditembak. Saih menyerahkan diri dan pergi dengan tentara.

Saat itu hujan keras pada hari itu di bulan Desember 1947. Desa Rawagede dilanda banjir. Para tentara Belanda mencari Lukas Kustario, seorang pejuang kemerdekaan Indonesia, tetapi ia telah meninggalkan sehari sebelumnya.

Orang-orang yang benar-benar melakukan penembakan tidak melihat Belanda, kata Saih. Mereka memiliki kulit gelap. Dua orang Belanda putih diawasi. Saih dipukul di belakang, tapi peluru itu pertama melewati anak kepala desa sehingga telah kehilangan sebagian dari kecepatannya.

Pura-pura mati

Ketika tubuh anak itu jatuh pada dirinya, Saih pura-pura mati juga. Selama salvo akhir, Saih dipukul di lengan. Tapi dia masih hidup dan ketika para tentara pergi, dia melarikan diri.

Batara Hutagalung, ketua Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, menjadi tertarik pada kejahatan perang yang dilakukan di Indonesia pada akhir 1990-an ketika ia membaca Memoires diterbitkan ayahnya, katanya.

Dia membaca tentang pengeboman Surabaya pada tahun 1945 oleh Inggris yang membantu Belanda kembali koloni mereka. Sebuah 20.000 orang diperkirakan meninggal. “Ini adalah pertama kalinya aku berhadapan dengan apa yang terjadi saat itu,” kata Hutagalung, yang tinggal di Jerman sampai 1992. “Di Jerman Nazi diadili dan melacak sejauh Amerika Selatan saya bertanya-tanya mengapa itu tidak terjadi di sini..”

Yayasan ini telah berhasil meminta permintaan maaf dan kompensasi dari pemerintah Inggris untuk pemboman Surabaya.

Pemerintah Belanda keras kepala

Hutagalung kemudian mulai bekerja pada kasus Rawagede. Namun sampai saat ini pemerintah Belanda telah “keras kepala”, katanya. Fakta bahwa mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ben Bot menyatakan “penyesalan” nya untuk kekerasan di 2005 adalah tidak cukup, katanya. “Penyesalan bukan permintaan maaf saya tidak mengerti mengapa begitu sulit untuk minta maaf..”

Hari ini disebut Rawagede Balongsari. Ia memiliki sebuah peringatan besar untuk para korban pembantaian. Sungai tempat bersembunyi Saih kini aliran tipis penuh sampah. Balongsari adalah desa berkat berwarna-warni untuk rumah cantik berwarna dibangun oleh warga desa dengan uang yang diterima oleh banyak perempuan yang bekerja sementara di Timur Tengah. Namun menurut utamanya, desa masih miskin. Sebagian besar dari 3.000 penduduk yang bekerja pada tanah atau membuat kerupuk udang.

Tumpukan mayat

Di salah satu rumah, kehidupan Tijeng 86 tahun. Kasur di mana-mana, 15 orang dari lima generasi tinggal di sini. Tijeng sedang menyusui putrinya saat Nimong suaminya mencoba melarikan diri dari Belanda.

Dia tidak pergi jauh, ia ditangkap dan ditembak mati. Tiga hari kemudian Tijeng mencari tumpukan mayat, mencari tubuhnya.

Ketika Tijeng melihat bayi, dia ingat bagaimana ia merasa tak berdaya itu. “Saya tidak tahu apa yang harus dilakukan saya punya bayi.. Saya tidak bisa bekerja.”

Saih dan Tijeng tidak tahu rincian dari klaim mereka. Mereka telah diberikan hanya sidik jari dan foto mereka telah diambil. Mereka tidak lagi marah dengan Belanda. Tapi kompensasi yang akan diterima.

Tijeng tidak punya uang untuk pengobatan pada pembengkakan di telinganya yang mulai mempengaruhi penglihatannya juga.

Dan Saih mengatakan: “Tidak harus jauh Hanya jumlah kecil untuk kehidupan yang layak sampai aku mati, dan memberikan anak-anak saya dan cucu kehidupan yang lebih baik..”

Pembantaian tragedi Rawagede, 9 Desember 1947

Para Agresi Militer Belanda Lupa Korban

Dengan Batara R. Hutagalung
Ketua Komite Utang Kehormatan Belanda

Pada tanggal 9 Desember 2007 di monumen Rawagede, peringatan 60 tahun pembantaian di desa Rawagede akan diselenggarakan.
Pada Desember 1947, dalam agresi militer oleh Belanda dimulai sejak 21 Juli 1947, anggota militer Belanda membantai 431 penduduk desa Rawagede dekat Karawang, Jawa Barat. Pada Oktober 1948, militer Belanda lagi dilakukan ‘sweeping’ di Rawagede, dan kali ini 35 orang lagi tewas. Pembantaian penduduk desa di Rawagede adalah pembantaian terbesar kedua setelah pembantaian oleh anggota militer Belanda di Sulawesi Selatan antara Desember 1946 sampai Februari 1947. Sampai Agustus 1949, ribuan orang masih dibunuh tanpa pertanyaan hukum. Selama agresi di Indonesia antara 1945-1950, militer Belanda telah melakukan berbagai kekejaman dan kejahatan terhadap kemanusiaan dan pelanggaran HAM berat, termasuk perkosaan terhadap perempuan Indonesia yang telah ditangkap oleh personil militer Belanda.
Ironisnya, semua kejahatan dan pelanggaran HAM dilakukan oleh militer Belanda setelah akhir Perang Dunia II pada 1945, setelah Belanda telah dibebaskan dari agresi militer Jerman dan seratus ribu orang Belanda dibebaskan dari kamp-kamp interniran Jepang di mana mereka ditahan 1942-1945.
Belanda, yang adalah anggota dari bangsa yang mengorbankan oleh Jerman dan agresi militer Jepang, yang juga melakukan penyelidikan di Jerman dan Jepang sebagai pelaku kejahatan perang dan pelanggaran HAM. Tapi kemudian, militer Belanda melakukan hal yang sama, dan bertanggung jawab untuk berbagai kejahatan perang dan kejahatan terhadap kemanusiaan dalam upaya untuk mengembalikan kolonialisme di Indonesia.

Latar belakang
Jepang memulai agresi militer di Asia Timur dengan menyerang pusat militer Amerika Serikat di Pearl Harbour, pada Desember 1941. Kemudian Jepang menyerang Asia Tenggara, termasuk koloni Belanda yang Nederlands Indie. Perancis, Inggris dan koloni Belanda di wilayah itu satu per satu dirampas oleh Jepang.
Pada tanggal 1 Maret 1942, tentara Jepang XVI di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Hitoshi Imamura menyerang pulau Jawa, setelah Jepang Angkatan Laut hancur ‘tentara ABDACOM (Amerika, Inggris, Belanda, Komando Australia) dalam pertempuran yang dikenal hari ini sebagai’ Sekutu Pertempuran Jawa laut ‘.
Setelah pertarungan yang pekan lalu, anggota militer Belanda di Hindia Belanda hampir tanpa perjuangan, menyerah kepada tentara Jepang. Pada tanggal 9 Maret 1942 di Kalijati, dekat Subang, Jawa Barat, Letnan Jenderal Ter Poorten Hein, perintah atas militer Belanda di Hindia Belanda, mewakili Gubernur Jenderal Hindia Belanda, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer-, menandatangani dokumen menyerah tanpa syarat dan menyerahkan semua koloni Belanda ke Jepang. Oleh karena itu, 9 Maret 1942 menandai akhir lebih dari 300 tahun kolonialisme Belanda di Indonesia.
Pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1945, Jepang menyatakan menyerah kepada Sekutu namun dokumen penyerahan tanpa syarat ditandatangani pada tanggal 2 September 1945, kapal perang AS dewan ‘USS Missouri di Tokyo Bay, yang membawa kekosongan kekuasaan selama dua tanggal di semua koloni Jepang termasuk mantan koloni Belanda yang telah diserahkan kepada Jepang.
Pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, selama vakum kekuasaan, para pemimpin Indonesia telah menyatakan Kemerdekaan Indonesia, dan pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1945, telah membentuk pemerintahan DAN SAAT INI KANTOR POS MASIH DIKUASAI PEMERINTAH MILITER DAI NIPPON,LIHAT KARTUS PSO YANG DIIRM DARI JATINEGSRA MASIH MENGUNAKAN KARTUPOS MILITER DAI NIPPON DAN PRANGKO DAI NIPPON DI JATINEGARA

DAN DI SUMAERA UTARA PEMATANG SIANTAR SAMPAI DESEMBER 1945 MASIH DIKUASAI DAI NIPPON

TERMASUK JUGA PERUSAHAN AIR MINUM JUGA DIKUASAI DAI NIPPON LIHAT SURAT TAGIHANNYA MASIH MENGUNAKAN METERAI DAI NIPPON

; yang dengan demikian, telah memenuhi tiga kondisi untuk mendirikan sebuah bangsa, yaitu: 1. Kehadiran daerah, 2. Kehadiran penduduk, dan 3. Kehadiran pemerintah.Baru pada bulan November 1945 pertama kali daerah sueakarta dikuasai republik indonesia,lihat dokumen RI diatas formulir Dai Nippon


Pada November 1946, Liga Bangsa-Bangsa Arab meliputi Mesir, mengeluarkan resolusi yang mengakui kemerdekaan Indonesia sebagai bangsa yang merdeka dan berdaulat. Ini adalah pengakuan de jure menurut hukum internasional.
Setelah ‘menyerahkan’ jajahannya secara resmi kepada Jepang, Belanda telah kehilangan hak dan legitimasi di Hindia Belanda. Karena itu, ketika bangsa Indonesia menyatakan kemerdekaan pada 17 Agustus 1945, ini seharusnya tidak dianggap sebagai sebuah kudeta melawan Belanda.
Belanda telah berhasil mendapatkan dukungan dari Inggris untuk mengembalikan kolonialisme di Indonesia, dan ini diberlakukan dalam Perjanjian Urusan Sipil (CAA) yang ditandatangani di Chequers, Inggris, pada 24 Agustus 1945. Dalam CAA, Inggris akan ‘bersih-bersih’ setiap kekuatan militer Republik Indonesia, yang akan ditransfer ke NICA (Belanda Indies Civil Administration).
Ini dicatat dalam perintah Laksamana Lord Louis Mountbatten, Panglima Tertinggi Komando Asia Tenggara, tanggal 2 September 1945, yang diberikan kepada Panglima Divisi 5, yang menyatakan:

“… Anda diperintahkan untuk melanjutkan dengan kecepatan semua untuk Pulau Jawa di Hindia Timur untuk menerima penyerahan Pasukan Kekaisaran Jepang di pulau itu, dan untuk membebaskan tahanan perang Sekutu dan interniran sipil.
Sesuai dengan ketentuan Konferensi Yalta Anda akan kembali menetapkan aturan sipil dan kembali koloni untuk Administrasi Belanda, ketika berada dalam posisi untuk mempertahankan layanan.
Ketika Anda tidak diragukan lagi sadar, penduduk asli setempat telah menyatakan sebuah Republik, tetapi kita terikat untuk mempertahankan status quo yang ada sebelum Invasi Jepang … “

 

Di bawah bantuan 3 divisi tentara Inggris di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Phillip Christison dan 2 divisi tentara Australia di bawah komando Letnan Jenderal Leslie “Ming yang Menghakimi” Morsehead, secara bertahap Belanda memiliki kekuasaan di Indonesia.

pada awal tahun 1946 pemerintahan dan ibukota pindah ke Jogya karena situasi di Jakarta tidak aman,tetapi 17 pebruari harian merdeka jakarta sempat menerbitkan majallah edisi khusus enam bulan merdeka

Pada tanggal 13 Juli 1946, Australia menyerah ‘wilayah Indonesia Timur kepada Belanda, dan pada 15-25 Juli 1946, mantan Wakil Gubernur Jenderal Belanda, Dr Van Mook, terorganisir’ Konferensi Malino “, dekat Makassar, untuk mendirikan Timur Negara Indonesia.
Selama ‘masa bersih-bersih’ oleh militer Inggris dan Australia, Belanda mengirimkan lebih banyak tentara dari Belanda; agar ketika Inggris dan Australia mengeluarkan personil militer mereka dari Indonesia, kekuatan militer Belanda akan dapat menjadi pengganti langsung. Pada saat itu, anggota militer Belanda telah melebihi 100.000 orang dan terus meningkat menjadi 200.000 orang, dengan artilleries modern termasuk perang berat yang diberikan oleh militer Inggris dan Australia.

Persetujuan Linggajati dan Agresi Militer Belanda I
Inggris memfasilitasi negosiasi antara Republik Indonesia dan Belanda di Linggarjati. Pada tanggal 15 November 1946, perjanjian Linggajati dirancang, dan pada tanggal 25 Maret 1947, perjanjian tersebut secara resmi ditandatangani oleh Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dan Pemerintah Belanda di Jakarta.RI saat ini sempat menerbitkan prangko dan kartusposnya sendiri dalam memperingati satu tahun merdeka,walupun disita belanda,masih ada juga tersisda dan dikirim didaerak kantong republik di sumatra dari priaman ke kajutanam.

 
Belanda jelas-jelas menggunakan strategi menunda, untuk memperkuat pasukan di Indonesia oleh lebih banyak orang terus menerus dikirim dari Belanda.
Linggajati aggrement berlangsung kurang dari 4 bulan karena pelanggaran oleh Belanda, oleh agresi militer yang dilakukan yang dimulai pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947, di bawah kode “Produk Operatie”.

NRI sumatera barat sempat menerbitkan kartupos khusu peringatan dua tahun merdeka,tetapi tak dapt dimanfaatkan akibat agresi belanda ,baru tahun berikutnya 1948 dikirimkan dalam rangka memepringatin tiga tahun merdeka

Sebagai masker untuk Internasional komunitas, Belanda bernama agresi ini sebagai ‘aksi polisi’, dan menyatakan bertindak sebagai urusan internal, yang setara dengan pernyataan bahwa Indonesia masih jajahannya.
Republik Indonesia melaporkan agresi ke PBB, karena pelanggaran terhadap perjanjian internasional yang Linggajati kesepakatan. Dewan Keamanan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa mengeluarkan Resolusi Nomor 27, tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, yang menyerukan gencatan konflik.
Dewan Keamanan PBB telah de facto mengakui eksistensi Republik Indonesia; yang dibuktikan dengan resmi ditujukan ‘INDONESIA’ dalam resolusi, dan tidak ‘Hindia Belanda’. Sejak resolusi pertama, yaitu Resolusi Nomor 27 pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, diikuti oleh Resolusi No 30 dan No 31 tanggal 25 Agustus 1947, Resolusi Nomor 36 pada tanggal 1 November 1947, dan Resolusi Nomor 67 pada tanggal 28, 1949, Dewan Keamanan PBB selalu menyebut konflik antara Republik Indonesia dan Belanda sebagai ‘The Pertanyaan Bahasa Indonesia’.
Di bawah tekanan dari Dewan Keamanan PBB, pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1947, pemerintah Belanda akhirnya menerima resolusi Dewan Keamanan PBB untuk menghentikan perkelahian.
Pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1947, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dan Pemerintah Belanda menyetujui Resolusi Dewan Keamanan PBB untuk gencatan senjata, dan pada tanggal 25 Agustus 1947, Dewan Keamanan PBB membentuk sebuah komite untuk menengahi konflik antara Indonesia dan Belanda . Komite ini bertindak sebagai Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia, secara luas dikenal sebagai ‘Komite Tiga Negara’, karena tiga negara yang anggotanya: Australia yang diangkat oleh Indonesia, Belgia yang ditunjuk oleh Belanda dan Amerika Serikat sebagai netral partai.
Difasilitasi oleh Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia, pada tanggal 8 Desember 1947, negosiasi dimulai antara Belanda dan Indonesia di USS Renville sebagai tempat netral.

Pembantaian Rawagede

 

Meskipun lipatan-api perjanjian telah ditandatangani dan selama negosiasi di USS Renville, di Jawa Barat, tentara Belanda dari Divisi 1 yang juga dikenal sebagai Divisi 7 Desember, terus memburu tentara Indonesia dan patriot yang berjuang melawan Belanda. Tentara Belanda yang ambil bagian dalam Operasi di daerah Karawang adalah Detasemen 3-9 RI, ayat 1e dan 12 Genie compagnie veld compagnie, yang mendukung Brigade dari paramiliter dan DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
Pada tanggal 9 Desember 1947, sehari setelah dimulainya negosiasi Renville, tentara Belanda di bawah pimpinan seorang desa, Mayor Rawagede menyerang dan menyerbu rumah-rumah. Tapi mereka tidak menemukan anggota tentara Indonesia. Hal ini memicu mereka untuk memaksa orang untuk keluar dari rumah mereka untuk berkumpul di lapangan. Laki-laki di atas 15 tahun diperintahkan untuk berdiri berdampingan, dan kemudian mempertanyakan kehadiran pejuang Republik. Tapi tak satu pun dari orang-orang bersedia mengungkapkan lokasi pejuang Indonesia.
Petugas Belanda kemudian memerintahkan untuk menembak mati semua penduduk laki-laki, termasuk remaja semuda 12 tahun. Hanya sedikit orang yang mampu melarikan diri ke hutan, meskipun mereka menderita luka tembak. Saih, salah satu korban selamat, sekarang berusia 83, bercerita bagaimana ia dan ayahnya dan tetangga sekitar 20 orang diperintahkan untuk berdiri dalam satu baris. Tentara Belanda kemudian mengosongkan senjata mesin mereka ke mereka, dan ayahnya yang berdiri di samping mereka tewas seketika oleh peluru. Dia juga kena tembak di tangan, tetapi ia jatuh di tanah dan pura-pura menjadi mati. Dia melarikan diri ketika ia menemukan kesempatan.


Pada hari itu, tentara Belanda membantai 431 penduduk Rawagede, tanpa penyelidikan hukum, gugatan atau pertahanan. Sama seperti di Sulawesi Selatan, tentara Belanda di Rawagede telah melakukan apa yang mereka disebut di tempat eksekusi (standrechtelijke excecuties), sebuah tindakan yang jelas dikategorikan sebagai kejahatan perang yang adalah pembunuhan non-pejuang. Diperkirakan bahwa para korban yang sebenarnya lebih dari 431, karena banyak telah tersapu oleh banjir deras akibat hujan deras.
Para hujan menyebabkan genangan darah terus membasahi desa. Apa yang tersisa adalah perempuan dan anak-anak. Keesokan harinya, setelah tentara Belanda meninggalkan desa, para wanita menguburkan mayat dengan di-peralatan yang memadai. Seorang ibu menguburkan suami dan dua putra berusia 12 dan 15 tahun. Mereka tidak bisa menggali dalam-dalam, hanya 50 cm, yang menyebabkan stenches tinggal selama berhari-hari.
Pembantaian ini juga dikenal dengan Komite Jasa Baik untuk Indonesia dari PBB. Tapi komisi ‘reaksi terbatas pada’ kritikus ‘terhadap aksi militer yang mereka sebut “sengaja dan kejam”, tanpa sanksi yang ketat lebih lanjut karena pelanggaran hak asasi manusia; apalagi mengobati pembantaian ini terhadap orang tak bersalah sebagai kejahatan perang.
Sekarang, ada 9 janda korban dan 1 selamat dari pembantaian Rawagede pada 9 Desember 1947. Para, termuda Imi, kini berusia 75. Pada saat itu, ia berusia 15 tahun dan hanya menikah selama 3 hari ketika suaminya ditembak mati di depan matanya. Sejak itu, dia tidak menikah. Semua dari mereka adalah hanya orang desa buta huruf.

De Excessennota
Pada Januari 1969, di bawah tekanan parlemen Belanda, pemerintah Belanda membentuk tim untuk meninjau arsip yang diserahkan kepada pemerintah Belanda, dalam rangka untuk menyelidiki misconducts oleh anggota militer Belanda (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht dan KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), di Indonesia selama 1945-1950. Setelah melakukan analisis dalam 5 bulan, hasilnya disusun dalam sebuah laporan dengan judul “Nota betreffende het naar gegevens omtrent archievenonderzoek excessen di pintu Indonesië begaan Nederlandse militairen dalam periode 1945-1950 de”, disingkat De Excessennota. Laporan resmi ini disampaikan oleh Perdana Menteri deJong pada tanggal 2 Juni 1969. Ini laporan yang disiapkan terburu-buru hanya mencantumkan 140 “ekses” yang dilakukan oleh tentara Belanda, meskipun banyak insiden lain, karena ada kasus pembunuhan besar yang dilakukan oleh personil militer Belanda tidak termasuk dalam Excessennota tersebut.
Di Belanda, banyak pihak telah jelas mencela bahwa apa yang telah dilakukan oleh militer Belanda selama periode ini adalah kejahatan perang (oorlogs-misdaden) dan bukan kelebihan belaka.
Pembantaian di Rawagede, Sulawesi Selatan dan banyak kejahatan berat lain terhadap kemanusiaan, hanya bukti kecil dari kejahatan perang militer Belanda ‘, dalam upayanya untuk kembali colonialize Indonesia, setelah bangsa Indonesia menyatakan kemerdekaan.
Pada tanggal 16 Agustus 2005, di Jakarta, Menteri Luar Negeri Belanda Ben Bot menyatakan bahwa:

“… Dalam retrospeksi, jelas bahwa penyebaran skala besar atas kekuatan militer pada tahun 1947 menempatkan Belanda pada sisi sejarah yang salah. Fakta bahwa aksi militer diambil dan bahwa banyak orang di kedua belah pihak kehilangan nyawa atau terluka adalah kenyataan pahit dan pahit khusus untuk Anda, orang-orang dari Republik Indonesia. Sejumlah besar orang Anda diperkirakan telah meninggal sebagai akibat dari tindakan yang diambil oleh Belanda … “

Tetapi pernyataan ini telah menjabat sebagai lip service belaka, karena pemerintah Belanda terus tetap bertanggung jawab pada berbagai pembantaian non-kombatan orang Indonesia, dan 60 tahun setelah tragedi ini, tetap bersedia untuk mengkompensasi para korban selamat, janda dan anggota keluarga korban kekejaman tentara Belanda ‘dilakukan selama agresi militernya di Indonesia antara 1945-1950.

Pada 9 Desember 1947 tentara Belanda membantai 431 pria di desa Rawagede Jawa. Ini bukan kali pertama ini hantu dari masa lalu muncul di media nasional. Baru-baru ini misalnya wartawan ini menulis tentang hal itu. Pada bulan Desember 2007 koran “Trouw” didedikasikan sebuah artikel panjang ke halaman hitam sejarah Belanda. Dan sekarang, minggu lalu, ini kejahatan perang dari lebih dari enam puluh tahun yang lalu muncul kembali di TV, internet dan di koran sekali lagi.

Jumat, 12 September ada cerita ini oleh putra seorang perwira yang bertugas non selama perang kemerdekaan Indonesia di tentara DutchÂ. Bukan kebetulan belaka, karena awal minggu ini, Rabu, 11 September,  surat kabar lain, “De Volkskrant”, menerbitkan sebuah berita singkat, “adalah Klaim Bahasa Indonesia yang wajar”,  tentang korban dari peristiwa tertentu, yang hampir enam puluh tahun kemudian, mencari keadilan-yang adalah kompensasi keuangan – di Belanda courts. Dan pada hari Senin tanggal 8

September

Grup Gugat Kejahatan Perang Belanda di Rawagede

Pembantaian Belanda di Rawagede yang akan diadili di Den Haag pada 20 Juni 2011

Pembantaian di Rawagede 1947

VIVAnews – Ini adalah apa yang terjadi pada tanggal 9 Desember 1947: tentara Belanda memasuki desa Rawagede menginjak-injak. Para prajurit datang untuk mencari kelompok perusuh. Namun, apa yang terjadi adalah pembantaian. Sebanyak 430 pemukim meninggal, semua adalah laki-laki.

 

Saat itu hujan pada hari malang, arousining

 

atmosfer luar biasa. Merah cair, air yang dicampur dengan darah, dibanjiri desa. Perempuan dan anak-sisa pemukim-mengubur tubuh dengan apapun kekuatan dan alat yang mereka miliki. Bau busuk dari mayat dari kuburan dangkal di udara selama berhari-hari. Ini adalah kejahatan paling kejam dan berdarah Belanda yang pernah dilakukan antara tahun 1945 dan 1949.

Rawagede sekarang hilang, nama ini diubah menjadi Balongsari desa, di Rawamerta, Karawang. Hal ini terletak di antara Karawang dan Bekasi. Enam puluh empat tahun telah berlalu, namun kasus hukum Rawagede tidak selesai.

Keluarga para korban pembantaian mengajukan gugatan di Pengadilan Negeri Den Haag pada Rabu, Desember 9, 2009. Diwakili oleh Liesbeth Zegveld, keluarga meminta pemerintah Belanda untuk mengakui kekejaman yang mereka lakukan di Rawagede. Mereka juga meminta kompensasi.

Sidang kasus Rawagede belum lengkap. Pada Senin, Juni 20, 2011 09:30 waktu setempat, pengacara dijadwalkan untuk membaca janji atau pledooi administratie. “Kelompok keluarga korban yang menjadi saksi akan berangkat ke Belanda pada Rabu 15 Juni, 2011 dari Bandara Soekarno-Hatta,” kata siaran pers Komite Utang Kehormatan Belanda yang VIVAnews diterima pada Selasa malam, 14 Juni , 2011.

Ini panggilan di masyarakat Indonesia, terutama yang hidup di negara-negara Uni Eropa, untuk menyaksikan sidang ini Senin. Terutama karena percobaan akan diadakan sehari sebelum peringatan kematian pertama di Indonesia Presiden Soekarno pada tanggal 21 Juni 2011.

Duta Besar Belanda untuk Indonesia kemudian Nikolaos van Dam mengatakan, pemerintahnya telah menyampaikan penyesalan mendalam atas pembantaian Rawagede. Ini disampaikan ketika van Dam mengunjungi peringatan ke-61 Tragedi Rawagede di Monumen Rawagede, Desa Balongsari, Rawamerta, Kabupaten Karawang, Jawa Barat pada 9 Desember 2008

“Diperkirakan bahwa jumlah orang Indonesia yang meninggal karena kekerasan itu besar Belanda. Atas nama pemerintah Belanda, saya ingin menyampaikan penyesalan mendalam atas semua penderitaan, “kata van Dam, yang pensiun sebagai diplomat senior di 2010.

Sebuah pengadilan Belanda diharapkan untuk memerintah nanti jika yang selamat dari pembantaian yang dilakukan lebih dari 60 tahun yang lalu akan mendapatkan kompensasi. Menurut peneliti Indonesia, pasukan belanda menghapuskan hampir seluruh penduduk laki-laki sebuah desa di Jawa Barat, dua tahun setelah bekas koloni mendeklarasikan kemerdekaannya pada 1945. Kebanyakan orang Indonesia tidak tahu tentang pembantaian yang terjadi di Rawagede pada tahun 1947. Hanya baru-baru ini telah dibangun sebuah monumen untuk mengingatkan warga bahwa tentara Belanda membunuh semua orang desa. Para saksi hidup hanya sekarang di tahun 80-an mereka, dan buta huruf, setelah untuk berjuang sendiri setelah kematian suami mereka. “Ada mayat di mana-mana, banyak yang kami temukan di sungai setelah penembakan berhenti,” kata Cawi, sembuh. Pembantaian di Rawagede bukan satu-satunya desa di mana Belanda memiliki sejarah gelap yang belum terselesaikan. Langkah laporan Vassen Al Jazeera dari Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monumen Rawa Gede

Tempat: Kabupaten Karawang

 

Rawa Gede Monumen, salah satu tempat di Karachi yang memiliki nilai sejarah, adalah tempat di mana Anwar terinspirasi untuk menulis puisi yang terkenal Antara Karawang Bekasi. Dalam terjadinya peristiwa tragis tersebut sekarang telah dibangun Monumen Rawagede.


Anda akan mengikuti cerita tentang peristiwa tragis yang terjadi pada Rawagede 9 Desember 1947 yang dimulai sekitar pukul empat pagi. Pada saat itu, serangan militer ke Belanda melakukan rumah-rumah penduduk. Setiap orang yang ditemukan, terutama laki-laki, dikumpulkan di lapangan. Mereka ditanya tentang keberadaan para pejuang yang bersembunyi sebagai ayah dari Kapten Lukas Kustaryo Danki Resimen VI Jakarta. Semua warga negara tidak ada yang menjawab, sehingga terjadi pembantaian oleh militer Belanda.
Acara ini diwujudkan dalam bentuk dua lantai bangunan monumen yang dibangun mulai November 1995 dan diresmikan pada tanggal 12 Juli 1996.

 Amati ruangan di lantai bawah di mana ada diorama pembantaian warga oleh tentara Belanda, yang mungkin akan membuat Anda berdiri dingin sedikit. Dinding luar dihiasi bagian bawah relief yang menggambarkan perjuangan rakyat Karawang. Khusus pada panel belakang relief menggambarkan perjuangan rakyat di daerah Karawang Rawagede sementara mempertaruhkan nyawa demi kemerdekaan. Makam pahlawan Sampurna Raga di belakang nama. Selain gerbang timur ada dua korban peristiwa kuburan pahlawan dalam aksi militer Belanda Rawagede. Tol itu terdiri dari peristiwa 9 Desember 1947 – Oktober 1948 sebanyak 491 orang. Di antara para korban dikuburkan di makam taman pahlawan sebanyak 181 orang Sampurna Raga.

————————————————– ————

Petisi untuk mendesak Pemerintah Belanda,
untuk mengakui de jure Hari Kemerdekaan Indonesia adalah pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, dan
untuk meminta maaf atas pelanggaran, perbudakan penjajahan, hak asasi manusia dan kejahatan mengerikan terhadap kemanusiaan

 
 
 
 

RAWAGEDE KARAWANG MASSACRE 1947

 

The Dutch ambassador to Indonesia attended Tuesday’s memorial service for those who died in the 1947 massacre at Rawagede on West Java, in which almost every man in the village was killed.

It was the first time a representative of the Dutch government has attended the annual event, and comes at a time when pressure is mounting for an official apology for the killing.

The massacre took place during the five years of guerilla war which preceded Indonesian independence when Dutch soldiers executed some 431 men and boys from the village.

In his speech, which was in Indonesian, Nikolaos van Dam referred to earlier “sincere apologies from the Dutch government.” Until now, the official Dutch line has been to say “sorry” for the massacre.

But in the Dutch version of the speech, the words apology or excuses do not appear. Instead, the word “regret” is used.

After his speech, the ambassador said the words could be taken as an apology. “For me, [apologies and saying sorry] are the same,” he said.

Batara Hutagalung, who is behind efforts to get the Dutch government to apologise properly, said the ambassador sent out a mixed message. “Was he speaking about apologies or about regret?” Hutagalung said. “He says they are the same thing, but they are not.”

In 2005 when the then foreign minister Ben Bot spoke about the massacre, he too used the word “regret”.

The Dutch government acknowledged in 1969 that a mass execution had taken place at Rawagede during Indonesia’s struggle for independence, after revelations by a former Dutch soldier on the scale of the atrocities perpetrated by the Dutch army in its former colony.

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947 are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Tragedy of Rawagede Massacre, December 9, 1947

The Forgotten Dutch Military Aggression’s Victims

By Batara R. Hutagalung
Chairman of The Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts

On December 9, 2007 at the Rawagede monument, the 60th commemoration of the massacre in the Rawagede village will be held.
On December 1947, in military aggression by the Dutch started since July 21, 1947; Dutch military members have slaughtered 431 people of Rawagede village near Karawang, West Java . On October 1948, Dutch military again conducted ‘sweeping’ in Rawagede, and this time 35 more people were killed. The massacre of village people in Rawagede is the second largest massacre after the massacre by Dutch military members in South Sulawesi between December 1946 to February 1947. Until August 1949, thousands of people were still being murdered without legal inquiries. During its aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950, Dutch military have conducted various atrocities and crimes against humanity and severe human rights abuses, include rape against Indonesian women who have been captured by Dutch military personnel.
Ironically, all the crimes and human rights abuses were done by Dutch military after the end of the World War II on 1945, after the Dutch have been freed from German’ military aggression and hundred thousands of Dutch people were released from Japanese Internment camps where they were detained from 1942-1945.
Netherlands, which is member of nations which victimize by German and Japan’ military aggression, which also made inquiries on German and Japan as perpetrator of war crimes and human rights abuse. But later, Dutch military did the same thing, and responsible for various war crimes and crimes against humanity in its efforts to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia.

Background
Japan initiated its military aggression in East Asia by attacking the United States ’ military hub in Pearl Harbour, on December 1941. Then Japan attacked South East Asia , include Dutch’ colony which was Nederlands Indie. France , England and Dutch colonies in the region were one by one seized by Japan .
On March 1, 1942, Japanese army XVI under command of Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura attacked Java island, after Japan Navy destroyed Allies’ armies ABDACOM (American, British, Dutch, Australian Command) in a battle which known today as ‘the Battle of Java Sea’.
After the fight that last a week, Dutch military members in Dutch Indies almost without struggle, surrendered to Japanese army. On March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, West Java, Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten, the top command of Dutch military in Dutch-Indies, representing Governor General of Dutch Indies, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh-Stachouwer, signed a document of unconditional surrender and handed over all Dutch colonies to Japan. Therefore, March 9, 1942 marked the end of more than 300 years Dutch colonialism in Indonesia.
On August 15, 1945, Japan declared surrender to the Allies but the unconditional surrender document was signed on September 2, 1945, on board of US warship ‘USS Missouri’ in Tokyo Bay; which brought the vacuum of power during the two dates in all Japanese colonies include ex Dutch colonies which have been handed over to Japan.
On August 17, 1945, during the vacuum of power, Indonesian leaders have declared the Independence of Indonesia, and on August 18, 1945, have establish a government; which by thus, have fulfilled the three conditions to establish a nation, which are : 1. The presence of areas, 2. The presence of population, and 3. The presence of government.
On November 1946, the League of Arab Nations include Egypt, issued a resolution which acknowledged Indonesian independence as free and sovereign nation. It is a de jure acknowledgement according to International law.
After ‘surrendering’ its colonies formally to Japan, the Dutch have lost its rights and legitimation on Dutch-Indies. Therefore, when Indonesian people declared independence on August 17, 1945, this should not regarded as a coup against the Dutch.
The Dutch had been successful to obtain support from British to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia, and these were enacted in Civil Affairs Agreement (CAA) which was signed in Chequers, England, on August 24, 1945. In CAA, British would ‘clean-up’ any military powers of Republic of Indonesia, to be transferred to NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration).
These are recorded in command of Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander S.E.Asia Command, dated September 2, 1945, which given to Commander of Division 5, which stated:

“…You are instructed to proceed with all speed to the island of Java in the East Indies to accept the surrender of Japanese Imperial Forces on that island, and to release Allied prisoners of war and civilian internees.
In keeping with the provisions of the Yalta Conference you will re-establish civilians rule and return the colony to the Dutch Administration, when it is in a position to maintain services.
As you are no doubt aware, the local natives have declared a Republic, but we are bound to maintain the status quo which existed before the Japanese Invasion…”

Under assistance of 3 divisions of British army under command of Lieutenant General Phillip Christison and 2 divisions of Australian army under command of Lieutenant General Leslie “Ming the Merciless” Morsehead, gradually the Dutch acquired its power in Indonesia. On July 13, 1946, Australia ‘surrendered’ East Indonesia region to the Dutch, and on July 15-25, 1946, ex Dutch Vice Governor General, Dr. Van Mook, organized ‘Malino Conference’, near Makassar, to establish the East Indonesia State.
During the ‘clean-up period’ by British and Australian military, the Dutch sent more soldiers from Netherlands; in order when British and Australia pulled out their military personnel from Indonesia, the Dutch military power would be able to be immediate replacement. At that time, Dutch military members had exceeded 100,000 people and continuously increased to 200,000 people, with modern artilleries include heavy warfare which granted by British and Australian military.

Linggajati Agreement and Dutch Military Aggression I
British facilitated negotiation between Republic of Indonesia and Dutch in Linggajati. On November 15, 1946, Linggajati agreement was drafted; and on March 25, 1947, the agreement was formally signed by the government of Republic of Indonesia and Dutch government in Jakarta .
The Dutch was clearly using delay strategy, to strengthen its army in Indonesia by continuously shipped more people from Netherlands .
Linggajati aggrement lasted less than 4 months due to breach by the Dutch, by conducted military aggression which started on July 21, 1947, under code “Operatie Product”. As a mask to International community, the Dutch named this aggression as ‘police action’; and declared the acts as internal affairs, which equivalent to statement that Indonesia was still its colony.
Republic of Indonesia reported this aggression to the United Nations, due to its breach against international agreement which is Linggajati agreement. Security Council of the United Nations issued Resolution No. 27, dated August 1, 1947, which called for cease of conflict.
United Nations Security Council has been de facto acknowledged the existence of Republic of Indonesia ; which is proven by formally addressed ‘INDONESIA’ in its resolution, and not ‘Netherlands Indies’. Since the first resolution, which is Resolution No. 27 on August 1, 1947, followed by Resolution No. 30 and No. 31 dated August 25, 1947, Resolution No. 36 on November 1, 1947, and Resolution No. 67 on January 28, 1949, Security Council of the United Nations always referred conflict between Republic of Indonesia and Netherlands as ‘The Indonesian Question’.
Under pressure of United Nations Security Council, on August 15, 1947, the Dutch government finally accepted resolution of United Nations Security Council to stop the fight.
On August 17, 1947, government of Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch government agreed on resolution of United Nations Security Council to cease-fire, and on August 25, 1947, United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch. This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia , on December 8, 1947, a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

Rawagede Massacre

 

 

Eventhough crease-fire agreement has been signed and during the negotiation in USS Renville, in West Java, the Dutch army from Division 1 which also known as Division of December 7, continued to hunt Indonesian army and patriots who fought against the Dutch. Dutch army which took part in Operation in Karawang areas were Detachment 3-9 RI, 1e para compagnie and 12 Genie veld compagnie, which were support brigade from paramilitary and DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
On December 9, 1947, a day after the initiation of Renville negotiation, Dutch army under command of a Major, attacked Rawagede village and raided houses. But they did not find members of Indonesia army. This triggered them to force people to get out from their homes to be gathered in a field. Males above 15 years were ordered to stand side by side, and then questioned on the presence of Republic fighters. But none of the people were willing to reveal the location of Indonesian fighters.
The Dutch Officer then commanded to shoot dead all male villagers, include teenagers as young as 12 years. Few people were able to escape to the forest, even though they suffered bullet wounds. Saih, one of the survivors, now aged 83, told a story how he and his father and neighbors about 20 people were ordered to stand in a line. The Dutch army then emptied their machine weapons onto them, and his father who stood next to them died instantly by the bullets. He also shot in his hand, but he fell on the ground and feigned to be death. He ran away when he found chance.
On that day, Dutch army massacred 431 people of Rawagede; without legal inquiry, lawsuit nor defense. Same as in South Sulawesi, the Dutch army in Rawagede have conducted what they referred as on-site execution (standrechtelijke excecuties); an act which clearly categorized as war crimes which is murder of non-combatants. It was estimated that the actual victims were more than 431, since many have been swept away by torrential flood due to heavy rain.
The downpours caused pool of bloods continue to drench the village. What left were women and children. The next day, after the Dutch army left the village, the women buried the bodies with in-adequate equipments. One mother buried her husband and two sons aged 12 and 15 years. They could not dug deep, only 50 centimeters, which caused the stenches stayed for days.
This massacre was also known by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia from the United Nations. But the commission’ reaction was limited to ‘critic’ against the military action which they called “deliberate and ruthless”, without further strict sanction due to human-rights abuse; let alone treating this massacre against innocent people as war crimes.
Now, there are 9 widows of the victims and 1 survivor of Rawagede massacre on December 9, 1947. The youngest, Imi, now aged 75. At that time, she was 15 years old and just married for 3 days when her husband was shot dead before her eyes. Since then, she is not married. All of them are only illiterate village people.

De Excessennota
On January 1969, under pressure of Dutch parliament, the Dutch government established a team to review archives which submitted to Dutch government, in order to investigate misconducts by Dutch military members (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht and KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), in Indonesia during 1945-1950. After conducting analysis in 5 months, the results were compiled in a report under title “Nota betreffende het archievenonderzoek naar gegevens omtrent excessen in Indonesië begaan door Nederlandse militairen in de periode 1945-1950”, shortened as De Excessennota. This formal report was presented by Prime Minister deJong on June 2, 1969. This report which prepared in a hurry only put 140 ‘excess’ which done by Dutch army, despite many other incidents; since there were large murder cases done by Dutch military personnel were not included in the Excessennota.
In Netherlands, many parties have clearly denounce that what have been done by Dutch military during this period are war crimes (oorlogs-misdaden) and not a mere excess.
The massacre in Rawagede, South Sulawesi and many other severe crimes against humanity, are only small evidences of Dutch military’ war crimes, in its efforts to re-colonialize Indonesia, after Indonesian people declared independence.
On August 16, 2005, in Jakarta , Dutch Foreign Minister Ben Bot stated that:

“…In retrospect, it is clear that its large-scale deployment of military forces in 1947 put the Netherlands on the wrong side of history. The fact that military action was taken and that many people on both sides lost their lives or were wounded is a harsh and bitter reality especially for you, the people of the Republic of Indonesia . A large number of your people are estimated to have died as a result of the action taken by the Netherlands …”

But this statement has been served as a mere lip service, since the Dutch government continues to remain irresponsible on various massacres on non-combatant people of Indonesia, and 60 years after these tragedies, remained unwilling to compensate the surviving victims, widows and family members of victims of Dutch army’ atrocities conducted during its military aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950.

 

On the 9th of December 1947 Dutch soldiers massacred 431 men in the Javanese village of Rawagede. It is not the first time this ghost from the past surfaced in the national media. Recently for instance this reporter wrote about it. In December 2007 newspaper “Trouw” dedicated a lengthy article to this black page of Dutch history. And now, last week, this war crime from over sixty years ago reappeared on TV, internet and in the papers once more.

Friday, the 12th of September there was this story by the son of a non commissioned officer who served during the Indonesian war of independence in the Dutch  army. Not a sheer coincidence, because earlier this week, Wednesday, the 11th of September,  another newspaper, “De Volkskrant”, published a short news item, “The Indonesian claim is reasonable” ,  about victims of that particular event, who almost sixty years later, seek justice- that is financial compensation – in Dutch courts.  And on Monday the 8th of

September

Group Sues Dutch War Crimes in Rawagede

The Dutch massacre in Rawagede is to be tried in The Hague on June 20 2011

 

Rawagede Massacre in 1947 (www.eenvandaag.nl)

VIVAnews – This is what happened on December 9, 1947: the Dutch soldiers’ trample entering Rawagede village. The soldiers came to search for a group of rioters. However, what happened was a massacre. As many as 430 settlers died, all were men.

 

It was raining on that unfortunate day, arousining

 

uncanny atmosphere. Red liquid, water mixed with blood, swamped the village. Women and children—the remaining settlers—buried the bodies with whatever strength and tools they had. The stench of the bodies from shallow graves was in the air for days. It was the cruelest and bloody crime the Dutch had ever committed between 1945 and 1949.

Rawagede is now gone, the name is changed to Balongsari village, in Rawamerta, Karawang. It is situated between Karawang and Bekasi. Sixty four years have passed, but the Rawagede legal case is not completed.

The families of the massacre victims filed a lawsuit at The Hague District Court on Wednesday, December 9, 2009. Represented by Liesbeth Zegveld, the families asked the Netherlands government to acknowledge the cruelty they have committed in Rawagede. They also asked for compensation.

The trial of Rawagede case is not yet complete. On Monday, June 20, 2011 at 9.30am local time, the lawyer is scheduled to read out a pledge or pledooi administratie. “The group of the victims’ families who become witnesses will leave for the Netherlands on Wednesday, June 15, 2011 from Soekarno-Hatta airport,” says the press release of the Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts that VIVAnews received on Tuesday evening, June 14, 2011.

It calls on Indonesian community, especially who are living in European Union countries, to watch the trial this Monday. Especially because the trial will be held a day before the commemoration of the death of Indonesia’s first president Sukarno on June 21, 2011.

The then Dutch Ambassador to Indonesia Nikolaos van Dam said his government had conveyed a deep regret over the Rawagede massacre. This was delivered when van Dam visited the 61st commemoration of Rawagede Tragedy at Rawagede Monument, Balongsari village, Rawamerta, Karawang district, West Java on December 9, 2008


“It was estimated that the number of Indonesians who died because of the Dutch’s violence was large. On behalf of the Dutch government, I would like to convey a deep regret over all the sufferings,” said van Dam, who retired as senior diplomat in 2010.

A Dutch court is expected to rule later if survivors of a massacre carried out more than 60 years ago will get compensation. According to Indonesian researchers, dutch troops wiped out almost the entire male population of a village in West Java, two years after the former colony declared independence in 1945. Most Indonesians do not know about the massacre that took place in Rawagede in 1947. Only recently has a monument been built to remind residents that Dutch soldiers killed all the men of the village. The only living witnesses are now in their 80s, and illiterate, after having to fend for themselves following the deaths of their husbands. “There were dead bodies everywhere, many of which we found in the river after the shooting stopped,” said Cawi, a survivor. The massacre in Rawagede is not the only village where the Netherlands has an unresolved dark history. Al Jazeera’s Step Vassen reports from Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monument Rawa Gede

Place :Karawang Regencies

 

Rawa Gede Monument, one of the places in Karachi that has historical value, is the place where Anwar was inspired to write the famous poem Between Karawang Bekasi. In the occurrence of these tragic events have now been built Rawagede Monument.
You will follow the story of the tragic events that occurred Rawagede on December 9, 1947 which began about four o’clock in the morning. At that time, Dutch military conduct raids into people’s homes. Any person who is found, especially males, were collected in the field. They asked about the whereabouts of fighters who hide as the father of Captain Luke Kustaryo Danki Regiment VI Jakarta. All citizens no one answered, so there was a massacre by Dutch military.
The event is manifested in the form of two-storey building monuments built starting in November 1995 and inaugurated on July 12, 1996. Observe the room downstairs where there is a diorama of the massacre the citizens by the Dutch army, which will probably make you a little chilling stand. The outer walls are decorated the bottom of the reliefs depicting the struggle of the people of Falkirk. Specifically on the rear panel reliefs depicted the struggle of the people in the Falkirk area Rawagede while risking life for the sake of independence. The tomb of a hero in the back named Raga Sampurna. In addition to the eastern entrance there are two victims of a hero’s grave events in Rawagede Dutch military action. The toll was made up of events December 9, 1947 – October 1948 as many as 491 people. Among the victims were buried in the garden tomb of heroes as much as 181 people Raga Sampurna.

 

 

 


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Petition to urge the Netherlands Government,
to recognize de jure Indonesian Independence Day was on August 17th 1945, and
to apologize for the colonialization, slavery, violation of human rights and horrific crimes against humanity

 the end @ copyrigh6t Dr iwan suwandy 2011