Pameran Koleksi Piringhitam Penyanyi Idola 1960-1970(Idle Singer Record label)



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                                            Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA




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Driwan Music Record Cybermuseum


             THE INDONESIAN



Pameran Koleski Piringhitam Penyanyi Idola 1960-1970

(The Vintage  Idle Singers Recordplayback Plate)

Frame One :


1.Diantara tahun 1960 sampai 1970 seiring dengan perkembangan Televisi d Indonesia, beberapa penyanyi terkenal didunia menjadi idola para orang tua dan anak remaja di SMA (sekarang SMU) sehingga piring hitamnya sangat dicari walaupun harganya masih mahal akibat dikenakan pajak barang mewah dan hanya bagi mereka yang studi keluar negeri mampu membelinya.

Betwwen 1960-1970 during the development of television in Indonesia, some famous singers became idle by their fans  the oldman and the your high school scholar,but the price of the playrecord plate still high because added tax for exclusived things, only who sturies abroad could by it.

2. Saya muali mengumpulkan priringhitam penyanyi populer anatara tahun 1990-2000 ketika semuaorang mengunakan pita kaset dan CD, seluruh piring hitam lama dibuang dan saya dapat membeli dengan harga yang sangat murah, tetapi sekarang harganya mulai mahal karena banyak kolektor piringhitam antik mencarinya.

I am starting to collect that  populer singer playrecord plate in 1990-2000 when everybodies used Casset Redorder and  CD, all the vintage  playrocord plate were thrown and  I could bought with very cheapest price, but now become more expensive  due to many collectors seeking that rare collections.

3.Untuk kenang-kenangan masa lalu, saya melaksanakan pameran koleksi piring hitam penyanyi idola 1960-1970 sebagai kenang-kenangan bagi para orang Tua ,tentunya juga bagi generasi penerus .

As the remembrance of the past, I have make vintage playrocord plate of the idle singers era 1960-1970 for oldiest memoriable ,also for young generations.

Jakarta January 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy

Frame two:

Dr Iwan Collections

1a.Jim Reeves

Jim Reeves

Jim Reeves
Background information
Birth name James Travis Reeves
Also known as Gentleman Jim
Born August 20, 1923(1923-08-20)
Galloway, Texas, U.S.
Died July 31, 1964(1964-07-31) (aged 40)
Williamson County, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Country, Nashville sound
Occupations Singer–songwriter, musician
Years active 1949–64
Labels RCA Records, Fabor, Macy, Abbott
Associated acts Chet Atkins, Floyd Cramer, Dottie West

James Travis Reeves (August 20, 1923 – July 31, 1964) was an American country and pop music singer-songwriter popular in the 1950s and 1960s who also gained a wide international following for his pioneering smooth Nashville sound. Known as Gentleman Jim, his songs continued to chart for years following his death at age 40 in a private airplane crash. He was a member of the Country Music and Texas Country Music Halls of Fame.





Jim Reeves was born in Galloway, Texas, a small rural community near Carthage. Winning an athletic scholarship to the University of Texas, he enrolled to study speech and drama, but dropped out after six weeks to work at the shipyards in Houston. Soon he returned to baseball, playing in the semi-professional leagues before signing with the St. Louis Cardinals farm team in 1944 as a right-handed pitcher. He stayed in the minor leagues for three years before severing his sciatic nerve on the pitching mound which ended his athletic career.

Reeves began to work as a DJ, and sang live between songs. In the late 1940s, he was signed to a couple of small Texas-based record labels, but with no success. Influenced by such Western swing artists as Jimmie Rodgers and Moon Mullican, as well as popular crooners Bing Crosby, Eddy Arnold and Frank Sinatra, it was not long before he got a foothold in the music industry. He was a member of Moon Mullican’s band and made some early Mullican-style recordings like “Each Beat of my Heart” and “My Heart’s Like a Welcome Mat” from the late 1940s to the early 1950s.

He eventually landed a job as an announcer on KWKH-AM in Shreveport, Louisiana, home to the popular Louisiana Hayride. His musical break came when singer Sleepy LaBeef was late for a performance on the Hayride, according to former Hayride emcee Frank Page, and Reeves was asked to fill in. (Other accounts—including Reeves himself, in an interview on the RCA album Yours Sincerely—name Hank Williams as the absentee.)

 Initial success in the 1950s

Reeves’ first country hits included “I Love You” (a duet with Ginny Wright), “Mexican Joe“, “Bimbo” and other songs on both Fabor Records and Abbott Records. He recorded only one album for Abbott, 1955’s Jim Reeves Sings (Abbott 5001). Eventually he tired of the novelty bracket he had been forced into, and left for RCA Victor. In 1955, Reeves was signed to a 10-year recording contract by Steve Sholes, who produced some of Reeves’ first recordings at RCA and signed Elvis Presley for the label that same year.

In his earliest RCA recordings, Reeves was still singing in the loud style of his first recordings, considered standard for country and Western performers at that time. He softened his volume, using a lower pitch and singing with lips nearly touching the microphone, but ran into some resistance at RCA; until in 1957, with the support of his producer Chet Atkins, he used this style on his version of a demo song of lost love, written from a woman’s perspective (and intended for a female singer). “Four Walls” not only took top position on the country charts, but went to No. 11 on the popular charts. Reeves had not only opened the door to wider acceptance for other country singers, but also helped usher in a new style of country music, using violins and lusher background arrangements soon called the Nashville sound.

Reeves became known as a crooner because of his warm, velvety voice. His songs were remarkable for their simple elegance highlighted by his rich light baritone voice. Songs such as “Adios Amigo”, “Welcome to My World”, and “Am I Losing You?” demonstrated this approach. His Christmas songs have been perennial favorites, including “Silver Bells“, “Blue Christmas” and “An Old Christmas Card”.

 Early 1960s and international fame

Reeves scored his greatest hit with the Joe Allison composition “He’ll Have to Go“, a huge hit on both the pop and country music charts, which earned him a platinum record. Released in late 1959, it reached number one on Billboard’s Hot C&W Sides chart on February 8, 1960, where it stayed for 14 consecutive weeks. Country music historian Bill Malone noted that while it was in many ways a conventional country song, its arrangement and the vocal chorus “put this recording in the country pop vein.” In addition, Malone lauded Reeves’ vocal styling—lowered to “its natural resonant level” to project the “caressing style that became famous”—as why “many people refer to him as the singer with the velvet touch.”[1] In 1975, RCA producer Chet Atkins told an interviewer, “Jim wanted to be a tenor but I wanted him to be a baritone… After he changed his voice to that smooth deeper sound, he was immensely popular.”[2]

Reeves’ international popularity during the 1960s, however, at times surpassed his standing in the United States, helping to give country music a worldwide market for the first time.

South Africa

In the early 1960s, Reeves was more popular than Elvis Presley in South Africa and recorded several albums in Afrikaans. In 1963, he toured and starred in a South African film, Kimberley Jim. The film was released with a special prologue and epilogue in South African cinemas after Reeves’ passing, praising him as a true friend of the country. The film was produced, directed and written by Emil Nofal.[citation needed]

Britain and Ireland

Reeves toured Britain and Ireland in 1963 between his tours of South Africa and Europe. Reeves and The Blue Boys were in Ireland from May 30 to June 19, 1963; with a tour of US military bases from June 10 to June 15, when they returned to Ireland. They performed in most counties in Ireland, though Reeves occasionally cut performances short because he was unhappy with the piano. In a June 6, 1963 interview with Spotlight magazine, Reeves expressed his concerns about the tour schedule and the condition of the pianos, but said he was pleased with the audiences.

There was a press reception for him at the Shannon Shamrock Inn organised by Tom Monaghan of Bunratty Castle. Show band singers Maisie McDaniel and Dermot O’ Brien welcomed him on 29 May 1963. A photo appeared in the Limerick Leader on 1 June 1963. Press coverage continued from May until Reeve’s arrival with a photo of the press reception in The Irish Press. Billboard magazine in the US also covered the tour before and after. The single “Welcome to My World” with the B/W side “Juanita” was released on the RCA label in June 1963 and bought by the distributors Irish Records Factors Ltd. This put the record in at number one while Reeves was there in June.

There were a number of accounts of his dances in the local papers and a good account was given in The Kilkenny People of his dance in the Mayfair Ballroom where 1,700 persons turned up. There was a photo in The Donegal Democrat of Reeves singing in the Pavesi Ball Room on 7 June 1963, and an account of his non-appearance on stage in The Diamond, Kiltimagh, Co. Mayo in The Western People reflecting how the tour went in different areas.

He planned to record an album of popular Irish songs, and had three number one songs in Ireland in 1963 and 1964: “Welcome to My World”, “I Love You Because”, and “I Won’t Forget You”. Reeves had 11 songs in the Irish charts from 1962 to 1967. He recorded two Irish ballads, “Danny Boy” and “Maureen”. “He’ll Have to Go” was his most popular song there and was at number one and on the charts for months in 1960. He was one of the most popular recording artists in Ireland in the top ten after The Beatles, Elvis and Cliff Richard, and one fan or writer called him the Perry Como of Country Music in the lead-up to his tour there.

He was permitted to perform in Ireland by the Irish Federation of Musicians on the condition that he share the bill with Irish show bands, becoming popular by 1963. The British Federation of Musicians would not permit him to perform there because no agreement existed for British show bands to travel to America in exchange for the Blue Boys playing in Great Britain. Reeves, however, appeared on British radio and TV programs.


Reeves visited Njårdhallen, Oslo on April 16, 1964 with Bobby Bare, Chet Atkins, the Blue Boys and The Anita Kerr Singers. They held two concerts; the second was televised and recorded by the Norwegian network (NRK – Norsk Rikskringkasting). The complete concert, however, was not recorded, including some of Reeves’ last songs. There are reports he performed “You’re the Only Good Thing (That’s Happened to Me)” in this section. The program was re-run many times over the years.

His first hit in Norway, “He’ll Have to Go”, reached No. 1 one in the Top Ten and stayed on the chart for 29 weeks. “I Love You Because” was his biggest hit in Norway, reaching No. 1 in 1964 and staying on the list for 39 weeks. His albums spent 696 weeks in the Norwegian Top 20 chart, making him among the most popular artists in the history of Norway.

Last recording session

Reeves’ last recording session for RCA had produced “Make the World Go Away“, “Missing You”, and “Is It Really Over?” When the session ended with some time left on the schedule, Reeves suggested he record one more song. He taped “I Can’t Stop Loving You“, in what turned out to be his last RCA recording. He made one later recording, however, at the little studio in his home. In July 1964 Reeves recorded “I’m a Hit Again”, using just an acoustic guitar as accompaniment. That recording was never released by RCA but appeared in 2003 on a collection of Reeves songs, after RCA had sold its rights to Reeves’ recordings.

 Fatal aircraft accident

On July 31, 1964, Reeves and his business partner and manager Dean Manuel (also the pianist in Reeves’ backing group, The Blue Boys) left Batesville, Arkansas en route to Nashville in a single-engine Beechcraft Debonair aircraft, with Reeves at the controls. The two had secured a deal on some property (Reeves had also unsuccessfully tried to buy property from the LaGrone family in Deadwood, Texas, north of his birthplace of Galloway).

While flying over Brentwood, Tennessee, they encountered a violent thunderstorm. A subsequent investigation showed that the small plane had become caught in the storm and Reeves suffered spatial disorientation. It was later believed he was flying the plane upside down and assumed he was increasing altitude to clear the storm. The plane faded from radar screens at around 5:00 p.m. CDT and radio contact was lost. When the wreckage was found some 42 hours later, it was discovered the plane’s engine and nose were buried in the ground due to the impact of the crash. The crash site was in a wooded area north-northeast of Brentwood roughly at the junction of Baxter Lane and Franklin Pike Circle, just east of US Interstate 65, and southwest of Nashville International Airport where Reeves planned to land. Coincidentally, both Reeves and Randy Hughes, the pilot of Patsy Cline‘s ill-fated plane, were trained by the same instructor.

On the morning of August 2, 1964, after a mammoth search by several parties (which included several personal friends of Reeves) the bodies of the singer and Dean Manuel were found in the wreckage of the aircraft and, at 1:00 p.m. local time, radio stations across the United States began to formally announce Reeves’ death. Thousands turned out to pay their last respects at his funeral held two days later. The coffin, draped in flowers from fans, was driven through the streets of Nashville and then to Reeves’ final resting place near Carthage, Texas.


Reeves was posthumously elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1967, which honored him by saying, “The velvet style of ‘Gentleman Jim Reeves’ was an international influence. His rich voice brought millions of new fans to country music from every corner of the world. Although the crash of his private airplane took his life, posterity will keep his name alive because they will remember him as one of country music’s most important performers.”

In 1998, he was inducted into the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame in Carthage, Texas, where the Jim Reeves Memorial is located. The inscription on the memorial reads, “If I, a lowly singer, dry one tear, or soothe one humble human heart in pain, then my homely verse to God is dear, and not one stanza has been sung in vain.”

Posthumous releases

Reeves’ records continued to sell well, both earlier new albums, after his death. His widow, Mary, combined unreleased tracks with previous releases (placing updated instrumentals alongside Reeves’ original vocals) to produce a regular series of “new” albums after her husband’s death. She also operated The Jim Reeves Museum in Nashville from the mid-1970s until 1996. On the fifteenth anniversary of Jim’s death Mary told a country music magazine, “Jim Reeves my husband is gone; Jim Reeves the artist lives on.” [3]

In 1966, Reeves’ record “Distant Drums” went to No. 1 in the British singles chart and remained there for five weeks, beating competition from The Beatles‘ “Yellow Submarine” and “Eleanor Rigby” (a double-sided “A” release), and the Small Faces‘ hit, “All Or Nothing” as well as holding off various recordings from living artists already in the UK charts from the coveted No. 1 spot. The song remained on the UK charts for 45 weeks and topped the US country music chart. Originally, “Distant Drums” had been recorded merely as a “demo” for its composer, Cindy Walker, under the impression it was for her personal use and had been deemed “unsuitable” for general release by Chet Atkins and RCA Records. In 1966, however, RCA determined that there was a market for the song because of the war in Vietnam. It was named Song of the Year in the UK in 1966 and Reeves became the first American artist to receive the accolade.

Reeves’ compilation albums containing well-known standards continue to sell well. The Definitive Collection reached No. 21 in the UK album charts in July 2003, and Memories are Made of This hit No. 35 in July 2004. Bear Family Records produced a 16-CD boxed set of Reeves’ studio recordings and several smaller sets, mainly radio broadcasts and demos. In 2007, the label released a set entitled Nashville Stars on Tour, containing audio and video material of the RCA European tour in April 1964 in which Reeves features prominently.

Since 2003, the US-based VoiceMasters has issued over 80 previously unreleased Reeves recordings, including new songs as well as newly overdubbed material. Among them was “I’m a Hit Again”, the last song he recorded in his basement studio just a few days before his death. VoiceMasters overdubbed this track in the same studio in Reeves’ former home (now owned by a Nashville record producer). Reeves’ fans repeatedly urged BMG or Bear Family to re-release some of the songs overdubbed in the years after his death which have never appeared on CD.

A compilation CD The Very Best of Jim Reeves reached No. 8 on initial release in the UK album chart in May 2009, to later reach its peak of No. 7 in late June, his first top 10 album in the UK since 1992.

India , Sri Lanka and Indonesia

Reeves had a large fan following in both India , Sri Lanka  and Indonesia since the 1960s, and is likely the all-time most popular English language singer in Sri Lanka. His Christmas carols are especially popular, and music stores continue to carry his CDs or audio cassettes. Two of his songs, “There’s a Heartache Following Me” and “Welcome to My World”, were favorites of Indian guru Meher Baba, leading Baba follower Pete Townshend of The Who to record his own version of “Heartache” on his first major solo album Who Came First in 1972.

Robert Svoboda, in his trilogy on aghora and the Aghori Vimalananda, mentions that Vimalananda, considered Reeves a gandharva, i.e. in Indian tradition, a heavenly musician, who had taken birth on Earth. He had Svoboda play Reeves’ “Take My Hand, Precious Lord” at his cremation.


Tributes were penned to Reeves in Britain and Ireland after his death. “A Tribute to Jim Reeves” was written by Eddie Masterson and recorded by Larry Cunningham and The Mighty Avons and in January 1965 it was on the UK Charts and Top Ten in Ireland. It went into the UK Charts on the 10 December 1964 and was there for 11 weeks and sold 250,000 copies. The Dixielanders SHow Band also recorded a Tribute to Jim Reeves written by Steve Lynch and recorded in September 1964 but it did not make the Top Ten Charts here but did make the North of Ireland Charts in September 1964. The Masterson song was later translated into Dutch and recorded.

In the UK, “We’ll Remember You” was written by Geoff Goddard but not released until 2008 on the Now & Then: From Joe Meek To New Zealand double album by Houston Wells.

Reeves remains a popular artist in Ireland and many Irish singers have recorded tribute albums. A play by author Dermot Devitt, Put Your Sweet Lips, was based on Reeves’ appearance in Ireland at the Pavesi Ballroom in Donegal town on June 7, 1963 and reminiscences of people there.

Among the singers who have recorded tribute albums, you have Larry Cunningham, Jim Tobin, Al Grant, Tony Wall in the UK and Daniel O’ Donnell. Oliver Barrett also recorded a number of Jim Reeves’ songs. Reeves influenced the COuntry and Irish music scene in the 1960s and 1970s and his wife Mary told the New Spotlight Magazine in July 1967 that he had planned to record an album of popular Irish songs.

Blind R&B and blues artist Robert Bradley (of Robert Bradley’s Blackwater Surprise) paid tribute to Reeves in the album description of his release, Out of the Wilderness. Bradley is quoted as saying, “This record brings me back to the time when I started out wanting to be a singer-songwriter, where the music did not need the New York Philharmonic to make it real…I wanted to do a record and just be Robert and sing straight like Jim Reeves on ‘Put Your Sweet Lips a Little Closer to the Phone.'”

English comedian Vic Reeves took his stage name from Reeves and Vic Damone, two of his favorite singers.

1b. Conie Francis

Connie Francis

Connie Francis

1965 MGM promotional photo of Connie Francis
Background information
Birth name Concetta Rosa Maria Franconero
Born December 12, 1938 (1938-12-12) (age 72)
Newark, New Jersey,
United States
Genres Traditional pop, rock ‘n roll, Country Pop
Occupations Singer
Instruments Accordion, vocals
Years active 1955–present
Labels MGM
Associated acts Bobby Darin, Brenda Lee, Patti Page, Neil Sedaka, Lesley Gore, Carole King, Ricky Nelson
Website Official Site

Connie Francis (born Concetta Rosa Maria Franconero; December 12, 1938) is an American pop singer, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1950s and 1960s. She is best known for her downbeat ballads delivered in her trademark sobbing, emotive style. In addition to her signature song, “Who’s Sorry Now?“, her many hits include “Lipstick on Your Collar“, “Where the Boys Are“, and “Stupid Cupid“. She topped the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart on three occasions with “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool“, “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” and “Don’t Break the Heart That Loves You“. She also was known for her early relationship with the singer and teen heart-throb Bobby Darin.





Early life

Francis was born in the Italian Down Neck, or Ironbound, neighborhood of Newark, New Jersey. She attended Newark Arts High School in 1951 and 1952. She and her family moved to Belleville, New Jersey, where she graduated ‘Salutatorian‘ from the Belleville High School Class of 1955.[1][2] Following her appearance on the Arthur Godfrey show (singing “Daddy’s Little Girl”), Connie was advised to change her name from Franconero to something more easily pronounceable and to drop the accordion that was part of her act. Then in her 1952 appearance on Battle of the Ages she is introduced as “13-year-old Connie Francis.” There she sang “Wheel of Fortune.” The story goes that every record label she had tried had turned her down. Finally, even when MGM decided to take her, it was basically because the track she wanted to record, “Freddy,” happened to be the name of the son of a company executive. Francis’ first single, “Freddy,” (1955) and her next nine singles were commercial failures.[3]

 Early career

Early in her career, Francis was introduced to Bobby Darin, then an up-and-coming singer and songwriter. Darin’s manager arranged for him to help write several songs for her. Despite some disagreement about material, after several weeks Darin and Francis developed a romantic relationship. Francis’ strict Italian father would separate the couple whenever possible. When her father learned that Bobby Darin had suggested the two lovers elope after one of her shows, he ran Darin out of the building at gunpoint, telling Bobby to never see his daughter again. Francis saw Darin only two more times – once when the two were scheduled to sing together for a television show, and again when Francis was spotlighted on the TV series This Is Your Life. By the latter’s taping, Bobby Darin had married actress Sandra Dee. In her autobiography Francis says she and her father were driving into the Lincoln Tunnel when the radio DJ announced Darin’s and Dee’s marriage. Her father made a negative comment about Bobby finally being out of their lives. Angered, Francis wrote, she hoped the Hudson River would fill the Lincoln Tunnel, killing both herself and her father; she later wrote that not marrying Darin was the biggest mistake of her life.[3]


After the failure of her first nine demos, MGM was about to drop her. She considered a career in medicine. At what was to have been her final recording session for MGM she recorded a cover version of the 1923 song “Who’s Sorry Now?” which had been written by Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby. Francis has said that she recorded it at the suggestion of her father, who convinced her it stood a chance of becoming a hit because it was a song adults already knew and that teenagers would dance to if it had a contemporary arrangement.[4]

The gamble paid off. On January 1, 1958, the song debuted on Dick Clark‘s American Bandstand. By mid-year, over a million copies had been sold, and Francis was suddenly launched into worldwide stardom. In April 1958, “Who’s Sorry Now” reached number one on the UK Singles Chart and number four in the US.[citation needed] For the next four years, Francis was voted the “Best Female Vocalist” by “American Bandstand” viewers. In 1959, she also appeared on ABC’s The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, as did many other singers of her generation.

As Francis explains at each of her concerts, she began searching for a new hit immediately after the success of “Who’s Sorry Now?” After the relative failure of follow-up single “I’m Sorry I Made You Cry” (which stalled at #36), Francis met with Neil Sedaka and Howard Greenfield who sang a number of ballads they had written for her. After a few hours, Francis began writing in her diary while the songwriters played the last of their ballads. Afterward, Francis told them that she considered their ballads too intellectual for the young generation. Greenfield suggested that Sedaka sing a song they had written that morning for another girl group. Sedaka protested that Francis would be insulted, but Greenfield said that since she hated all the other songs they had performed, they had nothing to lose. Sedaka played “Stupid Cupid.” When he finished, Francis announced that he had just played her new hit record. The song reached #14 on the Billboard chart. (Incidentally, while Francis was writing in her diary, Sedaka asked her if he could read what she had written. She refused, but Sedaka was inspired to write “The Diary,” his own first hit single. Through the rest of her early career, Sedaka and Greenfield wrote many of her hits, including “Fallin'” (#30) and “Where the Boys Are” (#4).[citation needed]) The success of “Stupid Cupid” restored momentum to Francis’ chart career, and she reached the U.S. top 40 an additional seven times during the remainder of the ’50s; four of her singles — “My Happiness,” “Lipstick on Your Collar,” “Among My Souvenirs,” and “Mama” — were top-ten singles.

In 1960, Connie Francis became the youngest headliner to sing in Las Vegas,[citation needed] where she would play 28 days a year for the next nine years. That same year she also became the first female singer to have two consecutive No. 1 singles: “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool” and “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own.” (By 1967, Francis had had 35 U.S. Top 40 hits, three of which had reached No. 1.[5])

In 1961, she starred in her own television special on ABC television, sponsored by Brylcreem. In Kicking Sound Around, she sang and acted with Tab Hunter, Eddie Foy Jr. and Art Carney. The next year, she appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show on July 1, 1962, with the French singing star Johnny Hallyday in a show taped at the famous Moulin Rouge in Paris. Her first autobiography, For Every Young Heart, was released the same year. On July 3, 1963, she played a Royal Command Performance for Queen Elizabeth II at the Alhambra Theatre in Glasgow, Scotland. During the height of the Vietnam War in 1967, Connie Francis performed for U.S. troops.[citation needed]

Further hits during the early 1960s included “Where the Boys Are,” “Breaking In a Brand New Broken Heart,” “Together” (all 1961), “Don’t Break the Heart That Loves You” and “Second Hand Love” (1962). Due to changing trends in the early- and mid-1960s, Francis’ chart success began to wane. She had her final top-ten hit, “Vacation,” in 1962. A number of Francis singles continued to reach the top 40 in the U.S. Hot 100 through the mid-60s, with her last top 40 entry being 1964’s “Be Anything (but Be Mine).” Her singles continued to chart in the lower regions of the Hot 100 through 1969 though she had one additional single (“Should I Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Old Oak Tree?”) “Bubble Under” the chart in 1973. (Her final AC chart single, “I’m Me Again,” came in 1981.) Despite her declining chart success, Francis remained a top concert draw.

Cross-over hits

Francis recorded several albums of country music standards during her pop career. In 1969, she had a modest country hit with “The Wedding Cake” and “My Happiness” (No. 2), which she recorded in 1958, and re-recorded in 1978 and 1989. She appeared on the country charts again in 1982 with “There’s Still a Few Good Love Songs Left in Me.” Several country singers found chart success remaking Francis’ pop hits for the country market, including Marie Osmond, “Who’s Sorry Now?” in 1975, Susan Raye, “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” in 1972, and Margo Smith, “Don’t Break The Heart That Loves You” in 1978.[citation needed] Debby Boone had two successful recordings of Connie Francis’ songs, with “My Heart has a Mind of Its Own,” reaching No. 11 in 1979 and another cover release, “Breakin’ In a Brand New Broken Heart,” which reached No. 25 in 1979. She also included “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool” on her 1986 album, The Best of Debby Boone.[6]

 Later career

After a hiatus in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Connie Francis returned to the spotlight in 1973 with “The Answer,” a song written for her. She soon began performing again. While appearing at the Westbury Music Fair in New York, on November 8, 1974, Francis was raped at the Jericho Turnpike Howard Johnson’s Lodge. She subsequently sued the motel chain for failing to provide adequate security. She reportedly won a $2.5[7] million judgment, at the time one of the largest such judgments in history. She did not perform again for seven years, and at one point in the seven years said she would never be able to perform again. Her rapist was never found.[8]

In 1978, she appeared with her friend Dick Clark on his NBC-TV variety show Dick Clark’s Live Wednesday. Unknown to the audience, the still-fragile Francis lip-synched to a pre-recorded disco medley of her hit “Where the Boys Are.”

She released her autobiography, Who’s Sorry Now?, in 1984. It was a New York Times bestseller.

In 1989, she resumed her performing career again. Her most recent CD The American Tour (2004) contains performances from recent shows. In late December 2004, Francis headlined in Las Vegas for the first time since 1989. In March and October 2007, Francis performed to sold-out crowds at the Castro Theatre in San Francisco. She appeared in concert in Manila, the Philippines, on Valentine’s Day 2008.[citation needed]

 Vocal style

Connie Francis specialized in downbeat ballads (often remakes of old standards) delivered in her trademark “sobbing,” emotive style. She often embellished using variations in delivery from touching, soft, sweet, tones to soaring, powerful voice textures, with successful hits such as “Who’s Sorry Now?,” “I’m Sorry I Made You Cry,” “Second Hand Love” (No. 7), “Among My Souvenirs” (No. 7), “Together” (No. 6), “Breakin’ In a Brand New Broken Heart” (No. 7), “Many Tears Ago” (No. 7), “Frankie” (No. 9), “When the Boy in Your Arms (Is the Boy in Your Heart)” (No. 10) and the Italian song “Mama” (No. 8). Francis also had success with several upbeat, rock-and-roll style compositions employing her powerful voice: “Stupid Cupid” (No. 1 in the UK), “Lipstick on Your Collar” (No. 5), “Robot Man,” and “Vacation” (No. 9).

Her other notable performances included “In the Summer of His Years,” a tribute to slain U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and Bert Kaempfert‘s “Strangers in the Night,” although the latter is more often associated with Frank Sinatra).[citation needed] Both “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool” and “My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own” went to No. 1 on the Billboard chart in 1960. In 1962, Francis had another number one hit with “Don’t Break the Heart That Loves You.”

Francis recorded many of her hit songs in foreign languages, including “Everybody’s Somebody’s Fool” and her signature song, “Where the Boys Are.” She recorded in fifteen languages throughout her career: English, Greek, German, Swedish, Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian (and local language in Italy, Neapolitan), Hebrew, Yiddish, Japanese, Latin and Hawaiian. During a concert at the Golden Stag Festival in Braşov, Romania, in March 1970, Francis performed live in Romanian. Francis’ biggest hit album in the U.S. was 1959’s Italian Favorites; she followed it with several more albums of Italian language songs over the years, as well as collections of Spanish language and Jewish songs, among others.

Personal life

Francis has been married four times. Against her father’s wishes, on August 15, 1964, she married Dick Kanellis. She divorced him three months later, citing domestic violence. She married hairdresser Izadore “Izzy” Marion on January 16, 1971. They divorced the following year. In September 1973 she married Joseph Garzilli; together they adopted a son, Joseph Garzilli Jr., also known as Joey, born in 1974. After the marriage ended, she married television producer Bob Parkinson, on June 27, 1985. Like the others, this marriage ended in divorce in 1986.[9]

Francis supported Richard Nixon‘s 1968 bid for the Presidency when she recorded a TV ad for him.

1c.Skeeter Davis

Skeeter Davis

Skeeter Davis
Birth name Mary Frances Penick
Also known as Skeeter Davis
Born December 30, 1931(1931-12-30)
Dry Ridge, Kentucky, U.S.
Origin Dry Ridge, Kentucky
Died September 19, 2004(2004-09-19) (aged 72)
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Country, Pop,
Nashville Sound
Occupations Singer, songwriter
Years active 1952–2004
Labels RCA Records
Mercury Records
Rounder Records
Associated acts Chet Atkins, Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn, Connie Smith, Bobby Bare, Dottie West, George Hamilton IV

Mary Frances Penick (December 30, 1931 – September 19, 2004), better known as Skeeter Davis, was an American country music singer best known for crossover pop music songs of the early 1960s. She started out as part of The Davis Sisters in the early 1950s. In the late ’50s and early ’60s, she became a solo star. Her best-known hit was the song “The End of the World” in 1963.

One of the first women to achieve major stardom in the country music field as a solo vocalist, she was an acknowledged influence on Tammy Wynette and Dolly Parton and has been hailed as an “extraordinary country/pop singer” by The New York Times music critic Robert Palmer

1d.Perry Como

Perry Como

Perry Como
Perry Como at Kraft Music Hall rehearsal, 1961
Perry Como at Kraft Music Hall rehearsal, 1961.
Background information
Birth name Pierino Ronald Como
Born May 18, 1912(1912-05-18)
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died May 12, 2001(2001-05-12) (aged 88)
Jupiter Inlet Colony, Florida, U.S.
Genres Easy Listening, Adult Contemporary, Popular Vocal, Pop, Big Band, Jazz, Latin, Swing, Country, Rock and Roll, Religious music
Instruments Vocalist
Years active 1933–1998
Labels Decca, RCA Victor
Associated acts Freddy Carlone Orchestra
Ted Weems Orchestra

Pierino Ronald “Perry” Como (May 18, 1912 – May 12, 2001) was an American singer and television personality. During a career spanning more than half a century he recorded exclusively for the RCA Victor label after signing with it in 1943.[1] “Mr. C.”, as he was nicknamed, sold millions of records for Radio Corporation of America (RCA) and pioneered a weekly musical variety television show, which set the standards for the genre and proved to be one of the most successful in television history. His combined success on television and popular recordings was not matched by any other artist of the time.[2] A popular television performer and recording artist, Perry Como produced numerous hit records with record sales so high the label literally stopped counting at Como’s behest.[3] His weekly television shows and seasonal specials were broadcast throughout the world and his popularity seemingly had no geographical or language boundaries.[4][5] Como’s appeal spanned generations and he was widely respected for both his professional standards and the conduct in his personal life. In the official RCA Records Billboard magazine memorial, his life was summed up in these few words: “50 years of music and a life well lived. An example to all.”[6] Composer Ervin Drake said of him,”… [o]ccasionally someone like Perry comes along and won’t ‘go with the flow’ and still prevails in spite of all the bankrupt others who surround him and importune him to yield to their values. Only occasionally.”[7]

One of the many factors in his success was Como’s insistence on his principles of good taste; if he considered something to be in bad or poor taste, it wasn’t in the show or broadcast.[8][9] When a remark made by Julius La Rosa about television personality Arthur Godfrey on The Perry Como Show was misconstrued, Como offered an on-air apology at the beginning of his next show, against the advice of his staff.[10][11][12] While his performance of “Ave Maria” was a tradition of his holiday television programs, Como refused to sing it at live performances, saying, “It’s not the time or place to do it.”, even though it was the number one request of his audiences.[13][14] Another was his naturalness; the man viewers saw on the screen was the same person who could be encountered behind a supermarket shopping cart, at a bowling alley, or in a kitchen making breakfast.[15][16][17] From his first Chesterfield Supper Club television show, if scripts were written at all, they were based on the way Como would say something.[9][18] Como was not devoid of a temper, and it could be seen at times as a result of the frustrations of daily life. His music director from 1948 – 1963, Mitchell Ayres, said, “Perry has a temper like everyone else. And he loses his temper at the normal things everyone else does. When we’re driving, for instance, and somebody cuts him off, he really lets the offender have it.”[19][20]

Como received five Emmys from 1955 to 1959,[21] a Christopher Award (1956) and shared a Peabody Award with good friend Jackie Gleason in 1956.[22][23] He was inducted into the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame in 1990[24][25] and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1987.[26] Posthumously, Como received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002;[27] he was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2006 and the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007.[28][29] Como has the distinction of having three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work in radio, television, and music.[30]


1e. Bing Crosby  and Andrew Sister

Bing Crosby

Bing Crosby

Crosby in Road to Singapore (1940)
Background information
Birth name Harry Lillis Crosby
Born May 3, 1903(1903-05-03)[1]
Tacoma, Washington, U.S.
Origin Spokane, Washington, U.S.
Died October 14, 1977(1977-10-14) (aged 74)
Madrid, Spain
Genres Traditional pop, Jazz, vocal[2]
Occupations Singer-songwriter actor
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1926–1977
Labels Brunswick, Decca, Reprise, RCA Victor, Verve, United Artists
Associated acts Bob Hope, Dixie Lee, Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Fred Astaire, The Rhythm Boys, Rosemary Clooney, David Bowie, Louis Armstrong

Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977)[3] was an American singer and actor. Crosby’s unique bass-baritone voice made him one of the best-selling recording artists until well into the late 20th century, with over half a billion records in circulation.[4]

One of the first multimedia stars, from 1934 to 1954 Bing Crosby was very successful across record sales, radio ratings and motion picture grosses.[5] Crosby and his musical acts influenced male singers of the era that followed him, including Perry Como,[6] Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine recognized Crosby as the person who had done the most for American G.I. morale during World War II and, during his peak years, around 1948, polls declared him the “most admired man alive,” ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII.[7][8] Also during 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music.[8]

Crosby exerted an important influence on the development of the postwar recording industry. In 1947, he invested $50,000 in the Ampex company, which developed North America’s first commercial reel-to-reel tape recorder, and Crosby became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings on magnetic tape. He gave one of the first Ampex Model 200 recorders to his friend, musician Les Paul, which led directly to Paul’s invention of multitrack recording. Along with Frank Sinatra, he was one of the principal backers behind the famous United Western Recorders studio complex in Los Angeles.[9]

Through the aegis of recording, Crosby developed the techniques of constructing his broadcast radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) that occurred in a theatrical motion picture production. This feat directly led the way to applying the same techniques to creating all radio broadcast programming as well as later television programming. The quality of the recorded programs gave them commercial value for re-broadcast. This led the way to the syndicated market for all short feature media such as TV series episodes.[citation needed]

In 1963, Crosby was the first person to be recognized with the Grammy Global Achievement Award.[10] He won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O’Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way, and was nominated for his reprisal of Father O’Malley in The Bells of St. Mary’s the very next year, becoming the first of four actors to be nominated twice for the same character performance. Crosby is one of the few people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1f.Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra at Girl’s Town Ball in Florida, March 12, 1960.
Background information
Birth name Francis Albert Sinatra
Also known as Ol’ Blue Eyes[1]
The Chairman of the Board[1]
The Voice[1]
Francis Albert
Born December 12, 1915(1915-12-12)
Hoboken, New Jersey, United States[2]
Died May 14, 1998(1998-05-14) (aged 82)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Genres Traditional pop, jazz, swing, big band, vocal[3]
Occupations Singer,[1] actor, producer,[1] director,[1] conductor[4]
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1935–1995[5]
Labels Columbia, Capitol, Reprise
Associated acts Rat Pack, Bing Crosby, Nancy Sinatra, Quincy Jones, Antonio Carlos Jobim, Frank Sinatra, Jr., Dean Martin

Francis Albert “Frank” Sinatra (pronounced /sɨˈnɑːtrə/; December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998)[6] was an American singer and actor.

Beginning his musical career in the swing era with Harry James and Tommy Dorsey, Sinatra became a successful solo artist in the early to mid-1940s, being the idol of the “bobby soxers.” His professional career had stalled by the 1950s, but it was reborn in 1954 after he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (for his performance in From Here to Eternity).

He signed with Capitol Records and released several critically lauded albums (such as In the Wee Small Hours, Songs for Swingin’ Lovers, Come Fly with Me, Only the Lonely and Nice ‘n’ Easy). Sinatra left Capitol to found his own record label, Reprise Records (finding success with albums such as Ring-A-Ding-Ding, Sinatra at the Sands and Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim), toured internationally, was a founding member of the Rat Pack and fraternized with celebrities and statesmen, including John F. Kennedy. Sinatra turned 50 in 1965, recorded the retrospective September of My Years, starred in the Emmy-winning television special Frank Sinatra: A Man and His Music, and scored hits with “Strangers in the Night” and “My Way“.

With sales of his music dwindling and after appearing in several poorly received films, Sinatra retired for the first time in 1971. Two years later, however, he came out of retirement and in 1973 recorded several albums, scoring a Top 40 hit with “(Theme From) New York, New York” in 1980. Using his Las Vegas shows as a home base, he toured both within the United States and internationally, until a short time before his death in 1998.

Sinatra also forged a successful career as a film actor, winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in From Here to Eternity, a nomination for Best Actor for The Man with the Golden Arm, and critical acclaim for his performance in The Manchurian Candidate. He also starred in such musicals as High Society, Pal Joey, Guys and Dolls and On the Town. Sinatra was honored at the Kennedy Center Honors in 1983 and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Ronald Reagan in 1985 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1997. Sinatra was also the recipient of eleven Grammy Awards, including the Grammy Trustees Award, Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award

1g.Andy William

Andy Williams

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For other people named Andrew Williams, see Andrew Williams (disambiguation).
Andy Williams

Andy Williams performing at his Moon River theatre in late 2006
Background information
Birth name Howard Andrew Williams
Also known as Andy Williams
A Voice of National Treasure
The King of Hearts
The Golden Voice
The Emperor of Easy
The Emperor of Class
The Crooning King
The King of Easy Listening
Mr. Moon River
The American Idol
Mr. Christmas
Born December 3, 1927 (1927-12-03) (age 83)
Origin Wall Lake, Iowa, U.S.
Genres Traditional pop
Occupations Singer
Record producer
Years active 1938–present
Labels Sony BMG/Columbia/Cadence

Howard Andrew “Andy” Williams (born December 3, 1927) is an American pop singer. Andy Williams has recorded 18 Gold[1] and three Platinum[2] certified albums. He had his own TV variety show from 1962–71 in which he performed with Michael Jackson, Bobby Darin, Ray Charles, Elton John, Ella Fitzgerald, Simon & Garfunkel, Mama Cass, Shirley Bassey, Bing Crosby, The Osmonds, Dusty Springfield, Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Aretha Franklin, The Carpenters, Jack Benny, Bette Davis, Dean Martin, Bob Hope, Ronald Reagan and many other superstars. He also owns his own theater, the Moon River Theatre in Branson, Missouri.

2a. Engelbert Humperdinck

Engelbert Humperdinck (singer)

Engelbert Humperdinck
Birth name Arnold George Dorsey
Also known as Engelbert, Gerry Dorsey
Born 2 May 1936 (1936-05-02) (age 74)
Madras (now Chennai), India
Genres Pop, easy listening
Occupations Singer
Instruments Vocals, piano
Years active 1956–present

Engelbert Humperdinck (born Arnold George Dorsey; 2 May 1936) is a British singer who became famous internationally during the 1960s and 1970s, after adopting the name of the famous German opera composer Engelbert Humperdinck as his own stage name

2b.The Middle Of The Road

Middle of the Road

Middle of the Road
Origin Scotland
Genres Pop
Years active 1 April 1970 (1970-04-01)–present
Labels RCA, Ariola
Sally Carr, Ken Andrew, Ian McCredie, Neil Henderson
Past members
Eric McCredie

Middle of the Road are a Scottish pop group who enjoyed success across Europe and Latin America in the early 1970s. Three of their singles sold over one million copies each, and received a gold disc.[1] The tracks were “Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep” (which went on to sell over 10 million), “Tweedle Dee, Tweedle Dum” and “Soley Soley“.[1] By early 1972 alone the group had sold over five million records.[1]As of 2010, Middle of The Road is enjoying a mild resurgence of popularity due to their 1971-72 videos on YouTube

2c.Tom Jones


Tom Jones (singer)

Tom Jones

Singing at House of Blues, Anaheim, California, 10 March 2009
Background information
Birth name Thomas John Woodward
Also known as Tom Jones
Born 7 June 1940 (1940-06-07) (age 70)
Treforest, Pontypridd, Wales
Genres Pop, blues, blue-eyed soul
Occupations Singer-songwriter, actor
Years active 1963–present
Labels Decca, Tower Records (record label), Epic, Jive, Parrot

Sir Thomas John Woodward,[1][2] OBE[3] (born 7 June 1940), known by his stage name Tom Jones, is a Welsh singer. Jones is particularly noted for his powerful voice.[4] Since the mid 1960s, Jones has sung many styles of popular music – pop, rock, R&B, show tunes, country, dance, techno, soul and gospel.[5] Since 1965, Jones has sold over 100 million records.[6]




Early life

Tom Jones was born at 57 Kingsland Terrace, Treforest, Pontypridd in South Wales.[7] His parents were Freda Jones (died 7 February 2003) and Thomas Woodward (died 5 October 1981), a coal miner.[8] His family were mainly of English descent, with both of his paternal grandparents being born in England and his maternal grandmother born in Wales to English parents. Most of his ancestral roots appear to lie in Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Somerset.[9]

Jones began singing at an early age: he would regularly sing at family gatherings, weddings, and in his school choir. Jones is dyslexic and he did not like school or sports; however, he was able to gain confidence through his singing talent.[10] At age 12, Jones was struck down by tuberculosis. Many years later he said, “I spent two years in bed recovering. It was the worst time of my life.” During convalescence, he could do little else but listen to music and draw.[11]

In March 1957, Jones married his high school girlfriend, Melinda Trenchard. The couple had a son named Mark, who was born the month following their wedding. To support his young family, Jones took a job working in a glove factory and was later employed in construction.[12]

Jones has suggested Bill Haley & His Comets and Jerry Lee Lewis as particularly strong early influences.

Rise to fame

Jones became the frontman for Tommy Scott and the Senators, a Welsh beat group, in 1963. They soon gained a local following and reputation in South Wales.

In 1964, Jones recorded several solo tracks with producer Joe Meek, who took them to various labels, but had little success. Later that year, Decca producer Peter Sullivan saw Tommy Scott and The Senators performing in a club and directed them to manager Phil Solomon, but their partnership was short-lived.

The group continued to play gigs at dance halls and working men’s clubs in South Wales. One night, at the Top Hat in Cwmtillery, Wales, Jones was spotted by Gordon Mills, a London-based manager originally from South Wales. Mills became Jones’ manager, and took the young singer to London. He contrived the stage name, “Tom Jones,” which not only linked the singer to the image of the title character in Tony Richardson‘s hit film, but also emphasised Jones’ Welsh nationality.

Many record companies found Jones’ stage presence, act, and vocal delivery too raucous and raunchy. Eventually, Mills got Jones a recording contract with Decca. His first single, “Chills and Fever,” was released in late 1964. It didn’t chart, but the follow-up, “It’s Not Unusual” became an international hit. The BBC initially refused to play it, but the offshore pirate radio station Radio Caroline promoted it. The heavily orchestrated pop arrangement perfectly meshed with Jones’ swinging, sexy image, and in early 1965, “It’s Not Unusual” reached number one in the United Kingdom and the top ten in the United States.

During 1965, Mills secured a number of movie themes for Jones to record, including the themes for the film What’s New Pussycat? (written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David) and for the James Bond film Thunderball. Jones was also awarded the Grammy Award for Best New Artist for 1965.

In 1966, Jones’ popularity began to slip somewhat, causing Mills to redesign the singer’s image into a more respectable and mature crooner. Jones also began to sing material that appealed to a wider audience, such as the big country hit “Green, Green Grass of Home“. The strategy worked and Jones returned to the top of the charts in the UK and began hitting the Top 40 again in the USA. For the remainder of the decade, he scored a consistent string of hits on both sides of the Atlantic.[5][12][13]

 Las Vegas

In 1967, Jones performed for the first time in Las Vegas at the Flamingo. His charismatic performances and style of dress (increasingly featuring his open half unbuttoned shirts and tight pants) became part of his stage act. Women would swoon and scream, and some would throw their knickers on stage. Soon after he began to play Las Vegas, he chose to record less, instead concentrating on his lucrative club performances. At Caesars Palace, his shows were traditionally a knicker-hurling frenzy of raw sexual tension and good-time entertainment. It was there that women started throwing hotel room keys on stage. Jones and his idol Elvis Presley met in 1965 at the Paramount film stage, when Elvis was filming Paradise, Hawaiian Style. Afterward, they became good friends, spending more and more time together in Las Vegas and even duetting until the early hours at Presley’s private Las Vegas suite. Their friendship endured until Presley’s death in 1977.

 Television and lawsuits

Jones had an internationally successful television variety show from 1969 to 1971, titled This Is Tom Jones. The show, which was worth a reported $9m to Jones over three years, was broadcast by ITV in the UK and by ABC in America, From 1980 to 1981, he had a second television variety show, The Tom Jones Show, which lasted for a series of 24 episodes. In recent years, both television shows have been the subject of litigation in relation to the original license holder, C/F International.

As of December 2004, C/F International was a secured judgment creditor of Classic World Productions and its principal, Darryl Payne, for approximately one million US dollars, and was the principal secured creditor at the time of the subsequent bankruptcy filing by the company. C/F International’s action against Classic World Productions and owner Darryl Payne was based on unpaid royalties in relation to This Is Tom Jones,[14] and related recordings.[15] This Is Tom Jones is currently sold on DVD by Time-Life, rather than by Classic World Productions or C/F International.[16][17]

C/F International’s rights to later Tom Jones material were also subject to dispute. In March 2007, Tom Jones and Tom Jones Enterprises sued C/F International to stop the company from licensing sound recordings made from The Tom Jones Show, recorded in Vancouver, Canada. It was contended that any rights that C/F International had to license The Tom Jones Show did not include the right to make and license separate recordings of the performances on the show. In addition, it was contended that any rights that C/F International had in The Tom Jones Show no longer existed, due to numerous breaches of contract.[18] Examples of contentious CDs include “Live on the Tom Jones Show”, released in 2006.[19][20]

Jones appeared on 1 January 1970, on the BBC‘s review of the sixties music scene, Pop Go The Sixties, performing “Delilah” (in a telerecording of an earlier appearance onTop of the Pops).

Later in 1970, Jones teamed up with Raquel Welch and Producer/Choreographer David Winters of Winters-Rosen Productions[21] for the TV special Raquel!. The multimillion dollar TV song & dance extravaganza was filmed around the world. It included lavish production numbers of classic songs from the era, lavish costumes, and guest performances from Jones, John Wayne and Bob Hope.[22]

 Decline and resurgence

In the early 1970s, Jones had a number of hit singles, including “She’s A Lady”, “Till“, and “The Young New Mexican Puppeteer“, but in the mid 1970s his popularity declined, although he did have a big hit in 1976 with “Say You’ll Stay Until Tomorrow“, which went to #1 on the US country chart and #15 on the Billboard Hot 100.

In the early 1980s, Jones started to record country music. From 1980 to 1986, Jones had nine songs hit the top 40 on the US country chart, yet he failed to crack the top 100 in the UK or chart on the Billboard Hot 100.[23]

After Jones’ long-time manager Gordon Mills died of cancer on 29 July 1986, Jones’ son Mark became his new manager. Mark recognised that Jones was incorporating modern music in his live shows and suggested that he should start to record songs from a fresh genre and leave country music behind.[24]

In 1987, Jones re-entered the singles chart with “A Boy From Nowhere“, which went to #2 in The UK. The following year, he covered Prince‘s “Kiss” with The Art of Noise. The song was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic, reaching #5 in the UK and #31 in the US. The video for “Kiss” was seen in heavy rotation on both MTV and VH1, and it won the MTV Video Music Award for Breakthrough Video.”

Jones received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1989. His star is located at 6608 Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, in front of Frederick’s of Hollywood.

In 1993, he appeared as himself on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, a television sitcom, and in animated form for an episode of The Simpsons.

Jones signed with Interscope Records in 1993 and released the album The Lead And How To Swing It. The first single, “If I Only Knew,” went to #11 in the UK.[25]

In 1999, Jones released the album Reload, a collection of cover duets with artists such as The Cardigans, Natalie Imbruglia, Cerys Matthews, Van Morrison, Mousse T, Portishead, The Stereophonics, and Robbie Williams. The album went to #1 in the UK and sold over 4 million copies worldwide. Five singles from Reload hit the UK top 40.[23][26]

 Into the 21st century

To ring in the year 2000, United States President Bill Clinton invited Jones to perform on New Year’s Eve at the Millennium celebrations in Washington, D.C.. Throughout 2000, Jones garnered a number of honours for his work, including a BRIT Award for Best Male. He was also hired as the new voice of Australia’s National Rugby League, singing in an advertisement to market the 2000 season.[27]

In 2002, Jones released the album Mr. Jones, which was produced by Wyclef Jean. The album and the first single, “Tom Jones International”, were top 40 hits in the UK.[28]

Jones received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 2003. The following year, he teamed up with pianist Jools Holland and released Tom Jones & Jools Holland, a roots rock ‘n’ roll album. It peaked at #5 in the UK.[23][29]

On 28 May 2005, in celebration of his upcoming 65th birthday, Jones returned to his homeland to perform a concert in Ynysangharad Park, Pontypridd before a crowd of about 20,000. This was his first performance in Pontypridd since 1964.[30] That same year, the BBC reported that Jones was Wales’ wealthiest entertainer, having amassed a fortune of £175 million.[31] Jones collaborated with English-born Australian pop singer John Farnham in 2005 and released the live album John Farnham & Tom Jones – Together In Concert. The following year, Jones worked with Chicane and released the single “Stoned in Love“, which went to #7 in the UK.[23]

Jones, who was awarded an OBE in 1999, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 2006 at Buckingham Palace for his services to music. “When you first come into show business and get a hit record, it is the start of something,” Jones said. “As time goes by, it just gets better. This is the best thing I have had. It’s a wonderful feeling, a heady feeling.”[32]

Recent work

On 1 July 2007, Jones was among the invited artists who performed at Wembley Stadium at the Concert for Diana, joined on stage by guitarist Joe Perry of Aerosmith and British soul singer Joss Stone. In addition to performing some of his own songs, the group covered Arctic Monkeys‘ “I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor“.[33] Jones, a big boxing fan, has performed national anthems before a number of boxing matches. He sang “God Save the Queen“, the United Kingdom’s national anthem, before the Floyd Mayweather Jr.-Ricky Hatton fight in 2007, he sang “Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau“, the Welsh national anthem, at the fight between fellow Welshman Joe Calzaghe and Bernard Hopkins in 2008, and he sang “God Save the Queen” before the Manny PacquiaoRicky Hatton fight in 2009.[34][35][36]

In 2008, he released 24 Hours on S-Curve Records, his first album of new material to be issued in the US for over 15 years. Jones, who was still performing over 200 dates a year as he approached his 70th birthday, set out on a world tour to promote the album. “The fire is still in me. Not to be an oldie, but a goodie. I want to be a contender,” Jones said.[37][38][39] In 2008 also Tom Jones was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame. On 16 November 2008, Jones was invited to perform on BBC’s Strictly Come Dancing. He performed the debut single from 24 Hours, “If He Should Ever Leave You”, which was named the 9th best song of 2008 by Spinner.[40][41][42] One of the songs from 24 Hours, “Give a Little Love”, would later be featured in the first trailer for Little Fockers.

In February 2009, he did an exclusive Take-Away Show with Vincent Moon, performing three songs live in front of a camera in a New York hotel room.[43] In 2009 Jones was voted “Sexiest Man In The World” in the Hungarian magazine Periodika.[44]

Jones went to the top of the UK Music Charts for the third time in his career thanks to a cover of “Islands in the Stream“, sung with Ruth Jones, Rob Brydon and Robin Gibb, who co-wrote the original with his brothers Barry and Maurice. The song, inspired by BBC’s hit sitcom Gavin and Stacey, was released in aid of Comic Relief and reached #1 in March 2009.[45]

On 5 June 2010, Jones had been due to perform at Norwich City Football Club’s Carrow Road stadium, two days before he celebrated his 70th birthday. Unfortunately the show was cancelled due to uncompleted improvements to the stadium and the work falling behind schedule meaning the stadium wouldn’t be ready in time. Jones announced that his new album Praise & Blame would be released on 26 July 2010. The album, produced by Ethan Johns (who has previously worked with Kings Of Leon, Rufus Wainwright and Laura Marling), would include covers of songs by such artists as Bob Dylan, John Lee Hooker and Billy Joe Shaver and feature such guest musicians as Booker T.[46]

On Jones’ 70th birthday, 7 June 2010, the single “Burning Hell”, a cover of the John Lee Hooker classic, from the forthcoming Praise & Blame album, was released. In July 2010 it was reported, however, that David Sharpe, vice-president of Island Records (to whom Jones had moved, from EMI, for £1.5m in October 2009), had emailed colleagues demanding that they “pull back this project immediately or get my money back” and asking if the record had been “a sick joke”.[47] Jones later attacked Sharpe and revealed that he was furious about the leaked email.[48]

In July 2010, Jones appeared on the penultimate episode of Friday Night with Jonathan Ross and performed “Burning Hell”.

In August 2010, Praise & Blame debuted at number 2 on the UK album chart.[49]

On 11 September 2010 Jones performed for an audience of 50,000 at the Help for Heroes charity concert at Twickenham Stadium performing “Strange Things Are Happening Every Day” and his classic hit “Green Green Grass of Home”. On 22 September, Jones appeared on “The Late Show with David Letterman” at the Ed Sullivan Theatre in New York. Last year he ditched his hair dye and declared he’d moved onto a new stage in his life: “Over Christmas, I always take a month off and let my hair go and don’t even shave. ‘Normally it comes out like salt and pepper which I hated. But this year it grew out a silver colour, so I kept it because it’s more distinguished,” he said. [50]

Personal life

Jones has remained married to his wife Linda for over 50 years, despite his many well publicised infidelities. His philandering once led Linda to beat him black and blue. She snapped after reading about one infidelity in a newspaper. She punched and kicked him, but Jones did not fight back: “I took it,” Jones said.[51]

Jones has had affairs with such well-known women as Mary Wilson of The Supremes, former Miss World Marjorie Wallace and Cassandra Peterson, better known as Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. Peterson claims that she lost her virginity to Jones.[52]

One affair resulted in the birth of a son. In October 1987, while on tour in America, Jones had a brief relationship with model Katherine Berkery. Three months later, Berkery discovered that she was pregnant. After a lengthy fight and DNA testing, an American court ruled in 1989 that Jones was the boy’s father. He flatly denied paternity for 20 years, but he finally admitted it in 2008. However, he made no suggestion that he wanted to meet his son, Jonathan Berkery.[53][54]

Jones moved to the United States in 1974, buying Dean Martin‘s former mansion in the East Gate Old Bel Air in Los Angeles. In 2009, after 35 years in America, he revealed that he and Linda were planning to move back to the United Kingdom. “I’ve had a great time living in Los Angeles,” Jones said, “but after all these years, we think now is the time to move home.”[26][55] However, on The Chris Moyles Show on 27 July 2009, he said he still lives in Los Angeles and will remain there for the foreseeable future as he still frequently visits the United Kingdom.

3.Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole
Background information
Birth name Nathaniel Adams Coles
Born March 17, 1919(1919-03-17)
Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Died February 15, 1965(1965-02-15) (aged 45)
Santa Monica, California, United StatesInterred: Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California
Genres Vocal jazz, swing, traditional pop, jump blues, vocal
Occupations Singer-songwriter, pianist
Instruments Piano, guitar
Years active 1935–1965
Labels Decca, Capitol
Associated acts Natalie Cole, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin

Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American musician who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. Although an accomplished pianist, he owes most of his popular musical fame to his soft baritone voice, which he used to perform in big band and jazz genres. He was one of the first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has maintained worldwide popularity since his death.




Childhood and Chicago

Nathaniel Adams Coles was born in Montgomery, Alabama, on Saint Patrick’s Day in 1919[1] (some sources erroneously list his birth year as 1916 or 1917). At the age of 4,[2] he moved with his family to Chicago, Illinois. There his father, Edward Coles, became a Baptist minister. Cole learned to play the organ from his mother, Perlina Coles, the church organist. His first performance, at age four, was of “Yes! We Have No Bananas“. He began formal lessons at the age of 12, eventually learning not only jazz and gospel music but also European classical music, performing, as he said, “from Johann Sebastian Bach to Sergei Rachmaninoff“.

Cole had three brothers – Eddie, Ike, and Freddy. Cole’s half-sister, Joyce Cole, married Robert Doak, of Robert Doak & Associates, Inc., art supplier.

The family lived in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago. Cole would sneak out of the house and hang around outside the clubs, listening to artists such as Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, and Jimmie Noone. He participated in Walter Dyett‘s renowned music program at DuSable High School.

Inspired by the playing of Earl Hines, Cole began his performing career in the mid 1930s while still a teenager, adopting the name “Nat Cole”. His older brother, Eddie Cole, a bass player, soon joined Cole’s band, and they made their first recording in 1936 under Eddie’s name. They were also regular performers at clubs. In fact, Cole acquired his nickname “King” performing at one jazz club, a nickname presumably reinforced by the otherwise unrelated nursery rhyme about Old King Cole. He was also a pianist in a national tour of Broadway theatre legend Eubie Blake‘s revue, “Shuffle Along”. When it suddenly failed in Long Beach, California, Cole decided to remain there. He would later return to Chicago in triumph to play such venues as the famed Edgewater Beach Hotel.

Los Angeles and the King Cole Trio

Cole and two other musicians formed the “King Cole Swingers” in Long Beach and played in a number of local bars before getting a gig on the Long Beach Pike for US$90 ($1,427 in current dollar terms) per week.

In January 1937, Cole married dancer Nadine Robinson, who was also in the musical Shuffle Along, and moved to Los Angeles. The trio consisted of Cole on piano, Oscar Moore on guitar, and Wesley Prince on double bass. The trio played in Failsworth throughout the late 1930s and recorded many radio transcriptions. Cole’s role was that of piano player and leader of the combo.

Legend had it that Cole’s singing career did not start until a drunken barroom patron demanded that he sing “Sweet Lorraine”. In fact, Cole has gone on record saying that the fabricated story “sounded good, so I just let it ride.” Cole frequently sang in between instrumental numbers. Noticing that people started to request more vocal numbers, he obliged. Yet the story of the insistent customer is not without some truth. There was a customer who requested a certain song one night, but it was a song that Cole did not know, so instead he sang “Sweet Lorraine”. The trio was tipped 15 cents for the performance, a nickel apiece (Nat King Cole: An Intimate Biography, Maria Cole with Louie Robinson, 1971).

The Capitol Records Building known as “The House That Nat Built”

During World War II, Wesley Prince left the group and Cole replaced him with Johnny Miller. Miller would later be replaced by Charlie Harris in the 1950s. The King Cole Trio signed with the fledgling Capitol Records in 1943. Revenues from Cole’s record sales fueled much of Capitol Records’ success during this period. The revenue is believed to have played a significant role in financing the distinctive Capitol Records building on Hollywood and Vine in Los Angeles. Completed in 1956, it was the world’s first circular office building and became known as “the house that Nat built”.

Cole was considered a leading jazz pianist, appearing, for example, in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts (credited on the Mercury Record labels as “Shorty Nadine,” apparently derived from the name of his wife at the time). His revolutionary lineup of piano, guitar, and bass in the time of the big bands became a popular setup for a jazz trio. It was emulated by many musicians, among them Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson, Ahmad Jamal, and blues pianists Charles Brown and Ray Charles. He also performed as a pianist on sessions with Lester Young, Red Callender, and Lionel Hampton. The Page Cavanaugh Trio, with the same setup as Cole, came out of the chute about the same time, at the end of the war. It’s still a tossup as to who was first, although it is generally agreed that the credit goes to Cole.

 Early singing career

“…I started out to become a jazz pianist; in the meantime I started singing and I sang the way I felt and that’s just the way it came out.”[3]–VOA interview,[4]

Cole’s first mainstream vocal hit was his 1943 recording of one of his compositions, “Straighten Up and Fly Right“, based on a black folk tale that his father had used as a theme for a sermon. Johnny Mercer invited him to record it for the fledgling Capitol Records label. It sold over 500,000 copies, proving that folk-based material could appeal to a wide audience. Although Cole would never be considered a rocker, the song can be seen as anticipating the first rock and roll records. Indeed, Bo Diddley, who performed similar transformations of folk material, counted Cole as an influence.

Beginning in the late 1940s, Cole began recording and performing more pop-oriented material for mainstream audiences, often accompanied by a string orchestra. His stature as a popular icon was cemented during this period by hits such as “The Christmas Song” (Cole recorded that tune four times: on June 14, 1946, as a pure Trio recording, on August 19, 1946, with an added string section, on August 24, 1953, and in 1961 for the double album The Nat King Cole Story; this final version, recorded in stereo, is the one most often heard today), “Nature Boy” (1948), “Mona Lisa” (1950), “Too Young” (the #1 song in 1951),[5] and his signature tune “Unforgettable” (1951). While this shift to pop music led some jazz critics and fans to accuse Cole of selling out, he never totally abandoned his jazz roots; as late as 1956, for instance, he recorded an all-jazz album After Midnight. Cole had one of his last big hits in 1963, two years before his death, with the classic “Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer”, which reached #6 on the Pop chart.

 Making television history

On November 5, 1956, The Nat King Cole Show debuted on NBC-TV. The Cole program was the first of its kind hosted by an African-American, which created controversy at the time.[6]

Beginning as a 15-minute pops show on Monday night, the program was expanded to a half hour in July 1957. Despite the efforts of NBC, as well as many of Cole’s industry colleagues—many of whom, such as Ella Fitzgerald, Harry Belafonte, Frankie Laine, Mel Tormé, Peggy Lee, and Eartha Kitt worked for industry scale (or even for no pay)[6] in order to help the show save money—The Nat King Cole Show was ultimately done in by lack of a national sponsorship.[6] Companies such as Rheingold Beer assumed regional sponsorship of the show, but a national sponsor never appeared.[6]

The last episode of “The Nat King Cole Show” aired December 17, 1957. Cole had survived for over a year, and it was he, not NBC, who ultimately decided to pull the plug on the show.[7] NBC, as well as Cole himself, had been operating at an extreme financial loss.[citation needed] Commenting on the lack of sponsorship his show received, Cole quipped shortly after its demise, “Madison Avenue is afraid of the dark.”[8][9] This statement, with the passing of time, has fueled the urban legend that Cole’s show had to close down despite enormous popularity. In fact, the Cole program was routinely beaten by the competition at ABC, which was then riding high with its travel and western shows.[citation needed] In addition, musical variety series have always been risky enterprises with a fickle public; among the one-season casualties are Frank Sinatra in 1957, Judy Garland in 1963, and Julie Andrews in 1972.

In January 1964, Cole made one of his final television appearances on The Jack Benny Program. In his typically magnanimous fashion, Benny allowed his guest star to steal the show. Cole sang “When I Fall in Love” in perhaps his finest and most memorable performance. Cole was introduced as “the best friend a song ever had” and traded very humorous banter with Benny. Cole highlighted a classic Benny skit in which Benny is upstaged by an emergency stand-in drummer. Introduced as Cole’s cousin, five-year-old James Bradley, Jr., stunned Benny with incredible drumming talent and participated with Cole in playful banter at Benny’s expense. It would prove to be one of Cole’s last performances.


Nat King Cole corner in the Hotel Nacional de Cuba

Cole fought racism all his life and rarely performed in segregated venues. In 1956, he was assaulted on stage during a concert in Birmingham, Alabama, with the Ted Heath Band, (while singing the song “Little Girl”) by three members of the North Alabama White Citizens Council (a group led by Education of Little Tree author Asa “Forrest” Carter, himself not among the attackers), who apparently were attempting to kidnap him. The three male attackers ran down the aisles of the auditorium towards Cole and his band. Although local law enforcement quickly ended the invasion of the stage, the ensuing melée toppled Cole from his piano bench and injured his back. Cole did not finish the concert and never again performed in the South. A fourth member of the group who had participated in the plot was later arrested in connection with the act. All were later tried and convicted for their roles in the crime.[10]
In 1948, Cole purchased a house in the all-white Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. The Ku Klux Klan, still active in Los Angeles well into the 1950s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn. Members of the property-owners association told Cole they did not want any undesirables moving in. Cole retorted, “Neither do I. And if I see anybody undesirable coming in here, I’ll be the first to complain.” [11]
In 1956, he was contracted to perform in Cuba and wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba, Havana, but was not allowed to because it operated a color bar. Cole honored his contract, and the concert at the Tropicana was a huge success. The following year, he returned to Cuba for another concert, singing many songs in Spanish. There is now a tribute to him in the form of a bust and a jukebox in the Hotel Nacional.[12]

 1950s and beyond

Throughout the 1950s, Cole continued to rack up hit after hit, including “Smile“, “Pretend“, “A Blossom Fell“, and “If I May“. His pop hits were collaborations with well-known arrangers and conductors of the day, including Nelson Riddle,[3] Gordon Jenkins, and Ralph Carmichael. Riddle arranged several of Cole’s 1950s albums, including his first 10-inch long-play album, his 1953 Nat King Cole Sings For Two In Love. In 1955, his single “Darling Je Vous Aime Beaucoup” reached #7 on the Billboard chart. Jenkins arranged Love Is the Thing, which hit #1 on the album charts in April 1957.

In 1958, Cole went to Havana, Cuba to record Cole Español, an album sung entirely in Spanish. The album was so popular in Latin America, as well as in the USA, that two others of the same variety followed: A Mis Amigos (sung in Spanish and Portuguese) in 1959 and More Cole Español in 1962. A Mis Amigos contains the Venezuelan hit “Ansiedad,” whose lyrics Cole had learned while performing in Caracas in 1958. Cole learned songs in languages other than English by rote.

After the change in musical tastes during the late 1950s, Cole’s ballad singing did not sell well with younger listeners, despite a successful stab at rock n’ roll with “Send For Me” (peaked at #6 pop). Along with his contemporaries Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, and Tony Bennett, Cole found that the pop singles chart had been almost entirely taken over by youth-oriented acts. In 1960, Nat’s longtime collaborator Nelson Riddle left Capitol Records for Frank Sinatra’s newly formed Reprise Records label. Riddle and Cole recorded one final hit album, Wild Is Love, based on lyrics by Ray Rasch and Dotty Wayne. Cole later retooled the concept album into an off-Broadway show, “I’m With You.”

Cole did manage to record some hit singles during the 1960s, including the country-flavored hit “Ramblin’ Rose” in August 1962 as well as “Dear Lonely Hearts“, “Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days Of Summer” (his final hit, reaching #6 pop), and “That Sunday, That Summer“.

Cole performed in many short films, sitcoms, and television shows and played W. C. Handy in the film St. Louis Blues (1958). He also appeared in The Nat King Cole Story, China Gate, and The Blue Gardenia (1953). Cat Ballou (1965), his final film, was released several months after his death.

Death and posthumous achievements

Cole’s vault at Forest Lawn Memorial Park

Cole was a heavy smoker of Kool menthol cigarettes, believing that smoking up to three packs a day gave his voice the rich sound it had (Cole would smoke several cigarettes in rapid succession before a recording for this very purpose). The many years of smoking caught up with him, resulting in his death from lung cancer on February 15, 1965, at St. John’s Hospital in Santa Monica, California. Cole was 45.

Cole’s funeral was held at St. James Episcopal Church on Wilshire Blvd. in Los Angeles. His remains were interred inside Freedom Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale. His last album, L-O-V-E, was recorded in early December 1964—just a few days before he entered the hospital for cancer treatment—and was released just prior to his death. It peaked at #4 on the Billboard Albums chart in the spring of 1965. A “Best Of” album went gold in 1968. His 1957 recording of “When I Fall In Love” reached #4 in the UK charts in 1987.

In 1983, an archivist for EMI Electrola Records, EMI (Capitol’s parent company) Records’ subsidiary in Germany, discovered some songs Cole had recorded but that had never been released, including one in Japanese and another in Spanish (“Tu Eres Tan Amable”). Capitol released them later that year as the LP “Unreleased.”

Cole was inducted into both the Alabama Music Hall of Fame and the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame. In 1990, he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and in 1997 was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame. In 2007, he was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame.

In 1991, Mosaic Records released “The Complete Capitol Recordings of the Nat King Cole Trio,” an 18-compact-disc set consisting of 349 songs. (This special compilation also was available as a 27-LP set.)

Cole’s youngest brother, Freddy Cole, and Cole’s daughter Natalie are also singers. In the summer of 1991, Natalie Cole and her father had a hit when Natalie mixed her own voice with her father’s 1961 rendition of “Unforgettable” as part of a tribute album to her father’s music. The song and album of the same name won seven Grammy awards in 1992.

 Marriage, children and other personal details

There has been some confusion as to Cole’s actual year of birth. Cole himself used four different dates on official documents: 1915, 1916, 1917, and 1919. However, Nathaniel is listed with his parents and older siblings in the 1920 U.S. Federal census for Montgomery’s Ward 7 and his age is given as nine months old. Since this is a contemporary record, it is very likely he was born in 1919. This is also consistent with the 1930 census which finds him at age 11 with his family in Chicago’s Ward 3. In the 1920 census, the race of all members of the family (Ed, Perlina, Eddie M., Edward D., Evelina and Nathaniel Coles) is recorded as mulatto. Cole’s birth year is also listed as 1919 on the Nat King Cole Society’s web site.

Cole’s first marriage, to Nadine Robinson, ended in 1948. On March 28, 1948 (Easter Sunday), just six days after his divorce became final, Cole married singer Maria Hawkins Ellington. Although Maria had sung with Duke Ellington’s band, she was not related to Duke Ellington. The Coles were married in Harlem’s Abyssinian Baptist Church by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. They had five children: Natalie (born 1950); adopted daughter Carole (the daughter of Maria’s sister), (1944–2009), who died of lung cancer at 64; adopted son Nat Kelly Cole (1959–1995), who died of AIDS at 36;[13] and twin girls Casey and Timolin (born 1961).

Cole had affairs throughout his marriages. By the time he developed lung cancer, he was estranged from his wife Maria and living with actress Gunilla Hutton, best known as Nurse Goodbody of “Hee Haw” fame. But he was with Maria during his illness, and she stayed with him until his death. In an interview, Maria expressed no lingering resentment over his affairs. Instead, she emphasized his musical legacy and the class he exhibited in all other aspects of his life.

An official United States postage stamp featuring Cole’s likeness was issued in 1994.[2]

In 2000, Cole was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the major influences for early Rock and Roll.[2]


Cole sang at the 1956 Republican National Convention in the Cow Palace, San Francisco, California, on August 23, 1956. There, his “singing of ‘That’s All There Is To That’ was greeted with applause.” [14] He was also present at the Democratic National Convention in 1960 to throw his support behind Senator John F. Kennedy. Cole was also among the dozens of entertainers recruited by Frank Sinatra to perform at the Kennedy Inaugural gala in 1961. Cole frequently consulted with President Kennedy (and later President Johnson) on civil rights

4.The Bee Gees

The Bee Gees

Bee Gees Logo.png

Bee Gees in 1978
Background information
Genres Rock, soft rock, pop, adult Contemporary, blue-eyed soul, disco
Years active 1958–2003,
Labels Festival, Polydor, Atco, RSO, Warner Bros., Rhino
Associated acts Andy Gibb, Barbra Streisand
Barry Gibb
Robin Gibb
Past members
Maurice Gibb
Colin Petersen
Vince Melouney
Geoff Bridgeford

Bee Gees are a musical group that was originally made up of three brothers: Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. The trio were successful for most of their forty plus years of recording music, but they had two distinct periods of exceptional success: as a harmonic “soft rock” act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and as a foremost act of the disco music era in the late 1970s. The group sang three-part tight harmonies that were instantly recognisable; Robin’s clear vibrato lead was a hallmark of their earlier hits, while Barry’s R&B falsetto became their signature sound during the late 1970s and 1980s. The brothers co-wrote all of their own hits, as well as writing and producing several major hits for other artists. They have had at least one top-ten U.S. hit in each of five decades: “I’ve Gotta Get a Message to You“, “I Started a Joke” (1960s); “Nights on Broadway“, “How Deep Is Your Love“, “Stayin’ Alive” (1970s); “One” (1980s); “Alone” (1990s); and “This Is Where I Came In” (2000s).

Born in the Isle of Man to English parents, the Gibb brothers lived their first few years in Chorlton, Manchester, England, then moved in the late 1950s to Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, where they eventually began their musical careers. After achieving their first chart success in Australia with “Spicks and Specks” (their 12th single), they returned to the United Kingdom in January 1967 where producer Robert Stigwood promoted them to a worldwide audience. It has been estimated that the Bee Gees’ record sales total more than 200 million,[1] making them one of the best-selling music artists of all time. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997;[2] the presenter of the award to “Britain’s first family of harmony”[3] was Brian Wilson, historical leader of the Beach Boys, America’s pre-eminent rock group, also a “family act” featuring three brothers [4] whose “vocal harmonies are among the most unmistakable and enduring of the rock and roll era”.[5] The Bee Gees Hall of Fame citation says “Only Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks and Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees”.[3]

Following Maurice’s sudden death on 12 January 2003, Barry and Robin Gibb ended the group after forty-five years of activity. On 7 September 2009, however, Robin announced that he and Barry had agreed that the Bee Gees would reform and perform again.[6]


5.Clif Richard

Cliff Richard

Cliff Richard

Cliff Richard in November 2009
Background information
Birth name Harry Rodger Webb
Born 14 October 1940 (1940-10-14) (age 70)
Lucknow, United Provinces, British India
Genres Skiffle, rock and roll, pop, gospel, CCM
Occupations Musician, actor, entrepreneur
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1958–present
Labels EMI, Decca, Columbia, Epic, Rocket, Papillon
Associated acts The Shadows, Olivia Newton-John

Sir Cliff Richard, OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb; 14 October 1940)[1] is an English pop star, musician, performer, actor, entrepreneur and philanthropist, who has sold over 260 million records worldwide.[citation needed]

With his backing group The Shadows, Richard, originally positioned as a rebellious rock and roll singer in the style of Little Richard[2] and Elvis Presley, dominated the British popular music scene in the pre-Beatles period of the late 1950s and early 1960s. His 1958 hit single “Move It” is often described as Britain’s first authentic rock and roll song, and John Lennon once claimed that “before Cliff and the Shadows, there had been nothing worth listening to in British music.”[3][4] A conversion to Christianity and subsequent softening of his music later led to a more middle of the road pop image, sometimes venturing into gospel.

Over a 52-year career, Richard has become a fixture of the British entertainment world. He has amassed hundreds of gold and platinum discs and awards, including three Brit awards and two Ivor Novello awards, making him one of the most successful singers of all time. He has had more than 130 singles, albums and EPs make the UK Top 20, more than any other artist.[5] He holds the record (with Elvis Presley) as the only act to make the UK singles charts in all of its first six decades (1950s–2000s). He has achieved 14 UK number one singles (or 18, depending on the counting methodology) and is the only singer to have had a number one single in the UK in six consecutive decades: the 1950s through to the 2000s (discounting digital downloads and counting only CDs, he also had a UK number one single in the 2000s). He is the biggest selling singles artist of all time in the UK, with total sales of over 27 million and UK album sales of over 18 million. He has sold more than 150 million singles worldwide.[citation needed]

Richard holds many records for the number of concerts held at various venues around the world. In the UK he holds the record for most performances at the Royal Albert Hall, with over 80 performances at the venue with audiences reaching 450,000. He also holds the record for most shows at Wembley Arena, were he has performed at least 66 concerts to audiences of nearly 800,000. In Birmingham, Richard has performed at least 56 shows at the NIA (totalling 620,000 attendees), in addition to over 20 shows at the NEC arena. In Manchester Richard has performed at the MEN arena eight times with over 120,000 fans attending the shows. He appeared twice at Wembley Stadium in 1989 in celebration of his 30th year in music; over 144,000 fans attended the sold-out shows. Richard has also performed hundreds of times in Australia and New Zealand in cities including Melbourne, Sydney and Auckland, audience members totalling hundreds of thousands.

Richard has never achieved the same impact in the United States despite eight US Top 40 singles, three of which peaked in the Top 10, including the million-selling “Devil Woman” and “We Don’t Talk Anymore” (with the latter, becoming the first act to reach the Hot 100’s top 40 in the 1980s who had also been in that chart’s top 40 in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s). In the USA, his singles sales stand at around 10 million while his album sales are about 6 million. In Canada Richard achieved moderate success in the 1980s with a couple of albums gaining platinum status, he has sold around 5 million records there. He has remained a popular music, film, and television personality in Australia (where he has sold more than 5 million records), New Zealand, South Africa, Europe (especially in Germany, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Holland and Belgium) and Asia (especially Malaysia, Singapore, Japan and Hong Kong), and he retains a following in other countries also. He has sold more than 260 million records worldwide.

6.Simon and Grafunkel

Simon & Garfunkel

Simon & Garfunkel

Performing live in Dublin.
Background information
Origin Forest Hills, Queens, New York City, NY, USA
Genres Folk rock, world music, soft rock
Years active 1957–Present
Labels Columbia
Paul Simon
Art Garfunkel

Simon & Garfunkel is an American singer-songwriter duo consisting of Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel. They formed the group Tom & Jerry in 1957 and had their first success with the minor hit “Hey, Schoolgirl”. As Simon & Garfunkel, the duo rose to fame in 1965, backed by the hit single “The Sounds of Silence”. Their music was featured in the landmark film The Graduate, propelling them further into the public consciousness.

They are well known for their close vocal harmonies and were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s. Their biggest hits including “The Sounds of Silence”, “Bridge over Troubled Water“, “I Am a Rock“, “Homeward Bound“, “A Hazy Shade of Winter“, “Mrs. Robinson“, “The Boxer“, “Cecilia“, and “Scarborough Fair/Canticle” peaked at number one in several charts. They have received several Grammys and were inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 and the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2007.[1]

Their sometimes rocky relationship led to their last album, Bridge over Troubled Water, being delayed several times due to artistic disagreements and as a result the duo broke up in 1970. It was their most-successful album to date, peaking at number one in several countries, including in the United States, and receiving 8×Multi-Platinum from the national American certification. Simon and Garfunkel have reunited to perform and sometimes tour together in every decade since the 1970 breakup, most famously for 1981’s “The Concert in Central Park,” which attracted about 500,000 people


Heintje Simons

Hendrik Nikolaas Theodoor Simons, known as Heintje, (born August 12, 1955, KerkradeBleijerheide, Netherlands) is a Dutch singer and actor.

He became particularly famous as a child singer, with his hit song “Mama” in 1967, and as a child actor, with his appearances in numerous German films in the 1960s and 1970s (some of these were dubbed into English and also Afrikaans). He also enjoyed success with English songs, notably of which is “I’m Your Little Boy”.

His 1967 recording of “Mama” sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[1] The following year his debut album Heintje went on to sell over two million copies, resulting in a platinum disc award. Other discs selling over a million units included “Du sollst nicht weinen”, “Heidschi bumbeidschi” and the seasonal album, Weihnachten mit Heintje. His sales over 1968 and 1969 alone, totalled over 10 million.[1]

At the age of 20 he also recorded in Afrikaans: the single “Jou Hart Is Weer Myne” (reaching number 4 on the South African Official Chart in 1975), and was so popular there that he performed in concert in South Africa in the mid 1970s. Heintje continued to sing as an adult, billed as ‘Hein Simons’ and is particularly popular in German speaking countries.[citation needed] More than 40 million Heintje records have been sold worldwide. He currently lives in Neu-Moresnet, a part of the city of Kelmis, in the Belgian province of Liège

8.Sonny and Cher

Sonny & Cher

Sonny & Cher

Sonny & Cher in Good Times, 1967
Background information
Origin United States
Genres Pop, pop rock, folk
Years active 1964–1977
Labels Vault (1964)
Reprise (1964-65)
Atco/Atlantic (1965–1967)
MCA/Kapp (1971–1974)
Associated acts Cher (solo career)
Past members
Sonny Bono

Sonny & Cher were an American pop music duo, actors, singers and entertainers made up of husband-and-wife team Sonny and Cher Bono in the 1960s and 1970s. The couple started their career in the mid-1960s as R&B backing singers for record producer Phil Spector.

The pair first achieved fame with two hit songs in 1965, “Baby Don’t Go” and “I Got You Babe“. Signing with Atco/Atlantic Records, they released three studio albums in the late 1960s, as well as the soundtrack recording for an unsuccessful movie, Good Times. In 1972, after four years of silence, the couple returned to the studio and released two other albums under the MCA/Kapp Records label.

In the 1970s, they also positioned themselves as media personalities with two top ten TV shows in the US, The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour and The Sonny & Cher Show. The couple’s career as a duo ended in 1975 following their divorce. In the decade they spent together, Sonny and Cher sold 80 million records worldwide.[1]

Performing under her first name, Cher went on to a highly successful career as a solo singer and actress, while Sonny Bono was eventually elected to Congress as a U.S. Representative from California. The duo were inducted to the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1998, right after Sonny’s death

9.Johnny Mathis

Johnny Mathis

Johnny Mathis

Johnny Mathis in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California, on May 25, 2006.
Background information
Birth name John Royce Mathis
Born September 30, 1935 (1935-09-30) (age 75)
Origin Gilmer, Texas, United States
Genres Pop, soul, easy listening
Occupations Singer, songwriter, actor
Years active 1956–present
Labels Columbia, Mercury

John RoyceJohnnyMathis (born September 30, 1935) is an American singer of popular music.

Mathis concentrated on romantic jazz and pop standards for the adult contemporary audience through the 1980s. Starting his career with singles of standards, Mathis became more popular as an album artist, with several dozen of his albums achieving gold or platinum status, and 73 making the Billboard charts.[1] According to the Recording Industry Association of America, Mathis has sales of over 27 million sellers, certified units in the United States.[2] According to recordings chart historian and music writer Paul Gambaccini, Mathis has recorded over 130 albums and sold more than 350 million records worldwide.[3]



Early life

Mathis was born in Gilmer, Texas, the fourth of seven children of Clem Mathis and his wife, Mildred Boyd. Their family moved to San Francisco, California, settling in the Fillmore district where he grew up. Mathis’s father had worked in vaudeville, and when he saw his son’s talent, he bought an old upright piano for US$25 and encouraged his efforts. Mathis began learning songs and routines from his father; his first song was “My Blue Heaven.”[4] Mathis started singing and dancing for visitors at home, and at school and church functions.[5]

When Mathis was 13, Connie Cox, a voice teacher, accepted him as a student in exchange for work around her house.[6] He studied with Cox for six years, learning vocal scales and exercises, voice production, classical and operatic skills. He is one of the few popular singers who received years of professional voice training that included opera. The first band Mathis would sing with was formed by fellow high school student Merl Saunders. Mathis eulogized him in October, 2007 at his funeral, to thank him for giving him his first chance as a singer.

Mathis was a star athlete at George Washington High School. He was a high jumper and hurdler, and played on the basketball team, earning four athletic letters. In 1954, he enrolled at San Francisco State University on a scholarship, intending to become an English and physical education teacher.[6]

Music career

He was spotted at a jam session by Helen Noga, former head cocktail waitress and co-owner of The Black Hawk Club at 200 Hyde Street in San Francisco and The DownBeat Club along with her husband John, and Guido Caccienti. She became his manager. The clubs attracted the world’s finest jazz musicians, including Dave Brubeck, Miles Davis, and Billie Holiday. John Noga and Guido Caccienti had opened the Black Hawk in the fall of 1949 for $10,000. In September 1955, after Noga landed Mathis a job singing weekends at Ann Dee’s 440 Club, she ruthlessly pursued jazz producer George Avakian, who she found out was on vacation in the Bay Area. Avakian came to see him sing, and subsequently sent a telegram to Columbia Records noting: Have found phenomenal 19-year old boy who could go all the way. Send blank contracts.[5]

Mathis now had to decide whether to go to the Olympic tryouts, to which he had been invited, or to keep an appointment in New York to make his first recordings, which were subsequently released in 1956. With his father’s advice, Mathis opted for a recording career. He has never completely abandoned his enthusiasm for sport and today is an avid golfer who has achieved six holes-in-one, and has hosted several Johnny Mathis Golf Tournaments in the United Kingdom and the USA. Since 1985 he has been hosting a charity golf tournament in Belfast sponsored by Shell corporation,[clarification needed] and the annual Johnny Mathis Invitational Track & Field Meet has continued at San Francisco State University since it started in 1982.

His first album Johnny Mathis: A New Sound In Popular Song was a slow-selling jazz album, but Mathis stayed in New York to play the clubs. His second album was produced by Columbia records vice-president and producer Mitch Miller, who defined the Mathis sound – he preferred him to sing soft, romantic ballads, initially pairing him with arranger/conductor Ray Conniff, and later, Ray Ellis, Glenn Osser and Robert Mersey. In late 1956, Mathis recorded two of his most popular songs – “Wonderful! Wonderful!” and “It’s Not For Me To Say.” That year MGM signed Mathis to sing the latter song in the 1957 film Lizzie, and shortly afterward he made his second film appearance for 20th Century Fox singing the song “A Certain Smile” in the film of the same name. He had small acting roles in both movies as a bar singer. This early cinematic visibility in two successful movies gave him mass exposure. Next was his appearance on the very popular Ed Sullivan Show in 1957, which helped to boost his profile. Critics called him the velvet voice.[4] He also appeared at this time on ABC‘s The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, as did other black entertainers Ella Fitzgerald and Pearl Bailey.

In summer of 1958, Mathis left San Francisco with the Nogas, who sold their interest in the Black Hawk club that year to Max Weiss, secretary-treasurer of San Francisco’s avant-garde Fantasy Records, and moved to Beverly Hills where the Nogas purchased a home in which Mathis lived with them, their daughter Beverly, and their granddaughter, at 806 North Elm Drive at the corner of Elm and Sunset Boulevard, built in 1931 by the Max Factor family and later owned by Mabel C. Birdwell and Lillian and Ben Young, for about $99,500, which the Nogas later sold to singer Dionne Warwick in the summer of 1973 for around $359,500. Helen Noga, looking to expand her operations into production, financing, and publishing, also founded and funded Philles Records in 1961 with Phil Spector, with Lester Sills handling the business side of sales and promotion, which launched the Crystals in September 1961. Using money from Liberty Records, Noga was bought out by Spector in 1962 for around $60,000. Mathis had two of his biggest hits in the years 1962 and 1963, with “Gina” (#6) and “What Will Mary Say” (#9). In October 1964, Mathis sued Noga to void the management arrangement, which Noga fought with a counterclaim in December 1964. Mathis purchased a mansion in the Hollywood Hills, that was originally built by billionaire Howard Hughes in 1946, and later owned by hotel owner Hyatt R. Von Dehn and Oilman Robert Calhoun, and where he still maintains a residence.

After splitting from Noga, Mathis established Jon Mat Records, Inc., incorporated in California May 11, 1967 to produce his recordings (previously, he created Global Records, Inc. to produce his Mercury albums), and Rojon Productions, Inc., incorporated in California September 30, 1964 to handle all of his concert, theater, showroom and television appearances, and all promotional and charitable activities. His new manager and business partner was Ray Haughn, who helped guide his career until his death in September 1984. Since that time, Mathis has taken sole responsibility for his career, operating from office suites at 1612 W Olive Avenue in Burbank. With the exception of a four-year break with Mercury Records in the mid-1960s, he has been with Columbia Records throughout his recording career.

Pieces of music from numerous Mathis albums continue to be used throughout motion pictures and television with great effect to impart nostalgia or mood themes, for example “Chances Are” memorably used during an alien visit in the 1977 film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, and various numbers currently in the hit TV series Mad Men.

Although he is frequently described as a romantic singer, his discography includes jazz, traditional pop, Brazilian and Spanish music, Soul, R&B, soft rock, Broadway, Tin Pan Alley standards, some blues and country songs, and even a few disco tunes for his album Mathis Magic (1979). In 1980/81 Mathis recorded an album with Chic’s Bernard Edwards and Nile Rodgers, I Love My Lady, which remains unreleased. Mathis also remains associated with holiday music[clarification needed], having recorded nine Christmas albums. Mathis has the distinction of having the longest stay of any recording artist on the Columbia Record label, having been with the label from 1956 to 1963 and from 1968 to the present.

In 1958, Johnny’s Greatest Hits was released and was the first ever Greatest Hits album in the music industry. It began the Greatest Hits tradition copied by every record company. Johnny’s Greatest Hits spent an unprecedented 490 consecutive weeks (nine and a half years) on the Billboard album chart, a feat earning him a place in the Guinness Book of World Records and not broken until the 1980s by Pink Floyd’s The Dark Side of the Moon. He has had five of his albums on the Billboard charts simultaneously, an achievement equaled by only two other singers, Frank Sinatra and Barry Manilow. He released 200 singles and had 71 songs charted around the world. Recordings Historian Paul Gambacini confims Mathis recordings have sold well over 350 million worldwide and he is the 3rd most successful recording artist in the USA.

He has received three Grammy awards. In 1979, his hit duet “The Last Time I Felt Like This” from the film Same Time, Next Year was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song. Mathis and Jane Olivor sang the song at the Oscar ceremony. This was his second performance at the Academy Awards. He has taped twelve of his own television specials and made over 300 television guest appearances with 33 of them being on The Tonight Show. Through the years his songs (or parts of them) have been heard in 100 plus television shows and films around the globe. His appearance on the Live by Request broadcast in May 1998 on the A&E Network had the largest television viewing audience of the series. Also in 1989, Johnny sang the theme for the ABC daytime soap opera Loving.

Mathis continues to perform but from 2000 onwards has limited his concert engagements to fifty to sixty appearances per year. In 2006, his schedule included a UK tour that included his annual Scottish golf vacation and attendance at the 2006 Ryder Cup, two stints at his favourite Hilton Hotel in Las Vegas. Tonight Show host Johnny Carson said: “Johnny Mathis is the best ballad singer in the world.” He appeared on the NBC Tonight Show with Jay Leno[7] as a guest on March 29, 2007 performing the classic “The Shadow of Your Smile” with saxophonist Dave Koz. Mathis returned to the UK Top 20 album chart in 2007 with the Sony BMG release “The Very Best of Johnny Mathis” and again in 2008 with the Columbia CD “A Night to Remember”. Also in 2007, he was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame.

A performance by Mathis in Florida in 2009 netted him $65,000 in artist fees and royalties

10.Mary Hopkins

Mary Hopkin

Mary Hopkin

Mary Hopkin
Background information
Born 3 May 1950 (1950-05-03) (age 60)
Origin Pontardawe, Wales
Genres Folk
Occupations Singer, songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano
Years active 1968–present
Labels Apple, Mary Hopkin Music
Associated acts Paul McCartney, Tony Visconti, David Bowie, Ralph McTell, Benny Gallagher,
Notable instruments
Acoustic guitar

Mary Hopkin (born 3 May 1950), credited on some recordings as Mary Visconti, is a Welsh folk singer best known for her 1968 UK number one singleThose Were The Days“. She was one of the first musicians to sign to The BeatlesApple label.





 Early singing career

Hopkin was born in Pontardawe, Wales into a Welsh-speaking family and her father worked as a housing officer. She took weekly singing lessons as a child and began her musical career as a folk singer with a local group called the Selby Set and Mary. She released an EP of Welsh language songs for a local record label called Cambrian, based in her home town, before signing to The Beatles’ Apple Records. The model Twiggy saw her winning the British ITV television talent show, Opportunity Knocks and recommended her to Paul McCartney.[1] She became one of the first artists to record on the Beatles’ Apple record label.[1]

Her debut single, “Those Were the Days“, produced by McCartney, was released in the UK on 30 August 1968 (catalogue number APPLE 2). Despite competition from a well-established star, Sandie Shaw, who released her version of the same song as a single that same year; Hopkin’s version became a number one hit in the UK Singles Chart,[2] and reached Number 2 in the US Billboard Hot 100.[3] It sold over one and a half million copies in the United States alone, and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A.. Global sales topped the eight million mark.[4] On 2 October 1968 Hopkin appeared at St Paul’s Cathedral, London for the ‘Pop Experience’ where she sang “Morning Of My Life”, “Turn Turn Turn” and “Plaisir D’amour”.[5]

In December 1968 the NME music magazine reported that Hopkin was sympathetically considering a lead acting role in Stanley Baker‘s forthcoming film, The Rape of the Fair Country.[6] That particular project did not materialise but Hopkin did sing the title songs to two of Baker’s films, Where’s Jack? and Kidnapped.

On 21 February 1969 her debut album, Postcard, also produced by McCartney, was released.[7] It included covers of three songs from Donovan, who also played on the album, and one song each from George Martin and Harry Nilsson. It reached number three on the UK Albums Chart, although it proved to be her solitary success story in that particular chart.[2] In the United States Postcard reached Number 28 on the Billboard albums chart.[8]

The next single was “Goodbye” written by McCartney (credited to Lennon/McCartney),[9] released on 28 March 1969 (APPLE 10); it reached Number 2 in the UK Singles Chart.[2] It was kept off the top of the charts by the Beatles’ single “Get Back“. “Goodbye” has never been officially released by the Beatles, although a demo version can be found on some of the Beatles’ bootlegs.

Hopkin’s third single, “Temma Harbour”, was released on 16 January 1970 (APPLE 22) and peaked at Number 6 in the UK Singles Chart in February. In March, she represented the United Kingdom in the 1970 Eurovision Song Contest singing “Knock, Knock Who’s There?“.[1] Author and historian John Kennedy O’Connor notes in The Eurovision Song Contest — The Official History[10] that she gave a very comfortable performance and sang in a crystal clear voice but despite being the pre-contest favourite, Hopkin came second to “All Kinds of Everything”, performed by Irish singer Dana.

“Knock, Knock Who’s There?” was released as a single on 23 March 1970 (APPLE 26) and became her second Number 2 UK hit.[2] Her second album, Earth Song, Ocean Song, was released by Apple on 1 October 1971. The record was produced by her husband Tony Visconti and included cover versions of songs written by Cat Stevens, Gallagher and Lyle and Ralph McTell.

After the hit singles

After marrying Visconti in 1971,[1] Hopkin withdrew from the pop music scene to have a family. Although reportedly unhappy with show business, Hopkin did not stop recording. She travelled to Australia with Visconti in January 1972 and performed at a large outdoor rock festival in South Australia, in addition to giving concerts in several major cities. With the help of Visconti, 1972 saw the release of the Christmas song “Mary Had a Baby” / “Cherry Tree Carol” on Regal Zonophone Records, re-released in 1973. In June 1972, the single “Summertime Summertime” / “Sweet And Low” was released on Bell Records under the name of Hobby Horse.

Although no other singles or albums came out in her name until 1976, she sang on numerous recordings that her husband Visconti produced, such as those featuring Tom Paxton, Ralph McTell, David Bowie (Low), Bert Jansch, The Radiators From Space, Thin Lizzy, Carmen, Sarstedt Brothers, Osibisa, Sparks, Hazel O’Connor and Elaine Paige.

On all of these recordings (and also on her husband’s own album Inventory) she is credited as Mary Visconti. During this time, she also appeared on various TV shows such as Cilla Black‘s and various radio programmes.

Return to recording

In 1976, she returned to recording under her own name and released the single “If You Love Me (Really Love Me)” (originally recorded by Édith Piaf), which reached Number 32 in the UK chart.[2] The B-side, “Tell Me Now,” was an original composition by Hopkin. Her next single was “Wrap Me In Your Arms,” with the B-side again written by Hopkin (“Just A Dreamer”). These singles came out on Visconti’s Good Earth Records label.[2] Several songs recorded for an album at the time have now been released under Hopkin’s own label, Mary Hopkin Music.[11]

Two members of Steeleye Span (Bob Johnson and Pete Knight) chose Hopkin to play “Princess Lirazel” on their concept album The King of Elfland’s Daughter. She also appeared at the Cambridge Folk Festival with Bert Jansch. 1976 also saw the birth of her second child. Before the 1970s ended, Decca released a compilation album of Hopkin’s Cambrian recordings, The Welsh World of Mary Hopkin.


Hopkin’s first project in the 1980s was a well-reviewed stint playing the Virgin Mary in Rock Nativity at the Hexagon Theatre in Reading, Berkshire.[5] After this, Mike Hurst (record producer and formerly of The Springfields) asked her to sing lead in a new group named Sundance that he had formed with Mike de Albuquerque of ELO.[1] Their only single, “What’s Love”, allowed them to tour the UK with Dr. Hook but Hopkin quickly left the group, dissatisfied with the gigs. “What’s Love” proved very popular in South Africa, albeit the only territory that it charted, where it peaked at no.10 in April 1982. In 2002, Hurst released recordings from this time on the Angel Air label.

Hopkin and Visconti divorced in 1981. The following year she provided melismatic vocals on “Rachel’s Song” for the Vangelis soundtrack of Blade Runner. Around 1984, Peter Skellern asked her to join him and Julian Lloyd Webber in a band called Oasis. Their album Oasis was released on WEA along with two singles. A tour of the UK was planned but was brought to an abrupt end because Hopkin became ill. The group disbanded shortly afterwards.

During the 1980s Hopkin appeared in several charity shows, including an appearance at the London Palladium with Ralph McTell. In 1988, she took part in George Martin’s production of Dylan ThomasUnder Milk Wood. She played the character Rosie Probert and notably performed a piece called “Love Duet” with Freddie Jones as Captain Cat. The making of the record was filmed and made into a special edition of The South Bank Show, where Hopkin and Jones were shown rehearsing and recording “Love Duet”. In 1992, the cast reunited for a performance of the play as a tribute to Thomas in the presence of Prince Charles for The Prince’s Trust.[5]

Hopkin recorded an album called Spirit in 1989. This was released on the Trax label and is a collection of light classical songs and featured the single “Ave Maria“. The record was produced by Benny Gallagher of Gallagher and Lyle, who had contributed songs to her during her days at Apple Records.


Early in 1990, Hopkin sang with The Chieftains at the London Palladium in a charity show, and later joined them on a tour of the UK.

She continued to do projects of her choosing, working with people like Julian Colbeck; she wrote the lyrics and performed a song on his CD Back to Bach. Also, there was Marc Cerrone’s The Collector, a stage play/opera, for which she performed two tracks on the CD and video. She worked again with her old friends guitarist Brian Willoughby and Dave Cousins (of Strawbs) on their CD The Bridge. Hopkin also appeared on a Beatles’ tribute album by RAM Pietsch.

Around 1996, the Welsh label Sain bought Cambrian’s back catalogue and released all Hopkin’s Welsh recordings on a CD called The Early Years, which removed the overdubbed drums found in the Decca recordings.

In 1999, she again joined The Chieftains on their UK tour, and later that year performed concerts in Scotland with Benny Gallagher and Jim Diamond.[5] More recently there have been three TV documentaries about her, one each for HTV, BBC Television and S4C.[5]

She made a guest appearance on The Crocketts‘ album The Great Brain Robbery, sang the theme song for Billy Connolly‘s BBC TV series The World Tour, and re-recorded “Those Were The Days” with Robin Williams rapping. She also appeared in the Sarah Sugarman film Very Annie Mary and duetted with Dolly Parton on her 2005 album, Those Were the Days (appearing on Parton’s cover of the title track), which went to Number 48 on the US Billboard 200 chart (Number 9 US Country)[12] and Number 35 in the UK.[13]


In September 2005 she released a retrospective album on her own label, Mary Hopkin Music, entitled Live at the Royal Festival Hall.[11] It was followed in December 2006 by a Christmas recording, “Snowed Under”, released as an mp3 download on the Welsh online store, Disaudio.[14]

To celebrate her 57th birthday in 2007, she released an album called Valentine on her new eponymous label.[11] It included 12 previously unheard tracks dating from 1972 to 1980, three of which were written by Hopkin.[11] In 2008, a new album, Recollections, was released on her own label.[11] It included 11 tracks that were originally recorded between 1970 and 1986, alongside a CD of three Christmas songs, which included “Mary Had a Baby” and “Cherry Tree Carol” (these tracks were first released on Regal Zonophone in 1972) and “Snowed Under”, which was released in 2006 as a download only. In May 2009 her final archival CD Now and Then was released it comprises 14 tracks recorded between 1970 and 1988. Mary Hopkin sang the song Y’deryn pur (Gentle Bird) on the album Blodeugerdd: Song of the Flowers – An Anthology of Welsh Music and Song released by Smithsonian Folkways Recordings in June 2009.


Mary’s daughter Jessica Lee Morgan released her first CD called “I Am not”, where Mary sings on a couple of songs.

In October 2010 Mary and her son Morgan Visconti released “You Look Familiar” a collaboration that brings together Mary’s melodies, lyrics and vocals with Morgan’s instrumentation and arrangements.

11. Bobby Vinton

Bobby Vinton

Bobby Vinton
Birth name Stanley Robert Vinton, Jr.
Born April 16, 1935 (1935-04-16) (age 75)
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Genres Pop
Occupations Singer
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1959–present
Labels Epic
Website Official website

Bobby Vinton (born April 16, 1935) is an American pop music singer of Polish origins.




Early life

Vinton is the only child of a locally popular bandleader, Stan Vinton. At 16, Vinton formed his first band, which played clubs around the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. With the money he earned, he helped finance his college education at Duquesne University, where he studied music and graduated with a degree in musical composition. While at Duquesne, he became proficient on all of the instruments in the band: piano, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet, drums and oboe.

Vinton’s birthplace of Canonsburg, Pennsylvania is also the birthplace of Perry Como. His hometown named two streets, Bobby Vinton Boulevard and the shorter adjoining Bobby Vinton Drive, in his honor. Canonsburg town fathers had plans to erect a statue in his honor, but Vinton vetoed the idea noting that the $100,000 planned cost could go to far more important town needs.[1]



After a two-year hitch in the U.S. Army, where he served as a chaplain’s assistant, Vinton was signed to Epic Records in 1960 as a bandleader: “A Young Man With a Big Band.” Two albums and several singles were not successful however, and with Epic ready to pull the plug, Vinton found his first hit single literally sitting in a reject pile. The song was titled “Roses Are Red (My Love).” It spent four weeks at No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100. Arguably, his most famous song is 1963’s “Blue Velvet“, originally a minor hit for Tony Bennett in 1951, that also went to No.1. Twenty-three years later, David Lynch named his movie Blue Velvet after the song. In 1990, “Blue Velvet” climbed to the top of the music charts in Great Britain, after being featured in a Nivea commercial. In 1964, Vinton had two #1 hits, “There! I’ve Said It Again” (a #1 hit in 1945 for Vaughn Monroe) and “Mr. Lonely“. Vinton wrote “Mr. Lonely” during his service in the U.S. Army in the late 1950s where he served as a Chaplain’s Assistant. The song was recorded during the same 1962 session that produced “Roses Are Red” and launched Vinton’s singing career. It was released as an album track on the 1962 “Roses Are Red (and other songs for the young & sentimental)” LP. Despite pressure from Vinton to release it as a single, Epic instead had Buddy Greco release it and it flopped. Two years and millions of records sold later, Bobby prevailed on Epic to include “Mr. Lonely” on his “Bobby Vinton Greatest Hits” LP. Soon DJ’s picked up on the song and airplay resulted in demand for a single release. “Mr. Lonely” shot up the charts in the late fall of 1964 and reached #1 on the charts on 12 December 1964. Epic then released an LP “Bobby Vinton Mr. Lonely“, giving the song a unique claim to fame since it now appeared on three Bobby Vinton albums released within two years. The song has continued to spin gold for its composer in the 45 years since it hit #1. Harmony Korine named his 2007 film Mister Lonely after the latter, and it is now also the basis for Akon‘s hit “Lonely.”

Vinton’s version of “There! I’ve Said It Again” is noteworthy for being the final U.S. Billboard number one single of the pre-Beatles era, deposed from the Hot 100’s summit by “I Want to Hold Your Hand.” Also noteworthy is the fact that Vinton continued to have big hit records during the British Invasion, scoring 16 top ten hits, while Connie Francis, Ricky Nelson, the Shirelles and other major artists of the early 1960s struggled to reach even the Top 30.

In 1965, Vinton continued his “lonely” success streak with the self written “L-O-N-E-L-Y“. “Long Lonely Nights” peaked at #12 and spawned an album, “Bobby Vinton Sings for Lonely Nights” Vinton’s self written 1966 hit “Coming Home Soldier” was a favorite on request shows on the American Forces Network during the Cold War and Vietnam Era, often called in by soldiers about to board the Freedom Bird that would take them back to the “Land of the Round Doorknobs.” 1967 saw Vinton’s lush remake of “Please Love Me Forever” reach #6 and sell over a million copies. His 1968 hit “I Love How You Love Me” surged to #9, sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold record by the RIAA. [2]


In the 1970s, the “Polish Prince” continued to hit the Top 40, notably with “Ev’ry Day of My Life“, produced by Jimmy “The Wiz” Wizner and CBS recording engineer Jim Reeves, which peaked at #24 in January, and “Sealed With a Kiss” hitting #19 in June, 1972. That same year, Epic Records decided to drop Vinton from his contract (despite the notable success of these two hits), claiming that his days of selling records were over. Undeterred, Vinton spent $50,000 of his own money on a self-written song sung partially in Polish: “My Melody of Love“. After Vinton was turned down by seven major labels, ABC Records bought Vinton’s idea, and the result was a multi-million selling single that hit #3 on the Hot 100, #2 on the Cashbox Top 100 chart, and #1 on the AC chart in 1974.[3] A gold album, Melodies of Love, followed as well as more Top 40 pop hits (“Beer Barrel Polka” and “Dick And Jane” in 1975), a successful half-hour variety show The Bobby Vinton Show (which aired from 1975 to 1978), which used “My Melody of Love” as its theme song; ABC Records subsequently released an album of songs performed on the show. In 1978, CBS TV aired Bobby Vinton’s Rock N’ Rollers a one hour special that achieved top ratings. Earlier in the decade, he also starred in two John Wayne movies: Big Jake and The Train Robbers.

Honors and achievements

He owned, and performed at, the Bobby Vinton Blue Velvet Theatre in Branson, Missouri until 2002, when the theater was sold to David King, creator and producer of Spirit of the Dance. Vinton returns to Branson annually for limited engagements at the theater.

Billboard Magazine called Bobby Vinton “the all-time most successful love singer of the ‘Rock-Era'”. From 1962 through 1972, Vinton had more Billboard #1 hits than any other male vocalist, including Elvis Presley and Frank Sinatra. In recognition of his recording career, Bobby Vinton has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6916 Hollywood Blvd.


Vinton and his wife Dolores “Dolly” Dobbins Vinton have been married since December 17, 1962, and they have five children: Robert, Kristin, Christopher, Jennifer (who later changed her name legally to Hannah after getting married) and Rebecca. His oldest son, Robbie Vinton, played Vinton in the movie Goodfellas (1990). The Vintons make their home in Englewood, Florida.

12. Phil Collins

Phil Collins

Phil Collins

Phil Collins performing in Perugia, Italy, 1996
Background information
Birth name Philip David Charles Collins
Born 30 January 1951 (1951-01-30) (age 59)
Chiswick, London, England
Genres Pop
Occupations Singer-songwriter,
musician, actor
Instruments Drums, vocals,
piano, guitar,
Years active 1968–present
Labels Virgin, Atlantic
Associated acts Genesis, Brand X, Flaming Youth, Philip Bailey, Eric Clapton, The Phil Collins Big Band

Philip David Charles Collins, LVO (born 30 January 1951)[1] is an English singer-songwriter, drummer, keyboardist and actor best known as a drummer and vocalist for English progressive rock group Genesis and as a solo artist.

Collins sang the lead vocals on several chart hits in the United Kingdom and the United States between 1978 and 1994, either as a solo artist or with Genesis. His singles, often dealing with lost love, ranged from the drum-heavy “In the Air Tonight“, dance pop of “Sussudio“, piano-driven “Against All Odds“, to the political statements of “Another Day in Paradise“. His international popularity transformed Genesis from a progressive rock group to a regular on the pop charts and an early MTV mainstay.

Collins’s professional music career began as a drummer, first with obscure rock group Flaming Youth and then more famously with Genesis. In Genesis, Collins originally supplied backing vocals for front man Peter Gabriel, singing lead on only two songs: “For Absent Friends” from 1971’s Nursery Cryme album and “More Fool Me” from Selling England by the Pound, which was released in 1973. Following Gabriel’s departure in 1975, Collins became the group’s lead singer. As the decade closed, Genesis’s first international hit, “Follow You, Follow Me”, demonstrated a drastic change from the band’s early years.

His concurrent solo career, heavily influenced by his personal life, brought both him and Genesis commercial success. According to Atlantic Records, Collins’s total worldwide sales as a solo artist, as of 2000, were 150 million.[2] He has won seven Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, and two Golden Globes for his solo work. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010.

Collins is one of only three recording artists (along with Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson) who have sold over 100 million albums worldwide both as solo artists and (separately) as principal members of a band.[3] According to Billboard magazine, when his work with Genesis, his work with other artists, as well as his solo career is totalled, Collins has the most top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the 1980s.[4] In 2008, Collins was ranked the 22nd most successful artist on the “The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists

13. Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell

Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell

Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell
Studio album by Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell
Released September, 1968
Recorded 1968, Capitol Recording Studio, Hollywood, CA
Genre Country, pop
Length 26:24
Label Capitol
Producer Kelly Gordon, Al DeLory
Professional reviews
Glen Campbell chronology
A New Place in the Sun
Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell
That Christmas Feeling

Bobbie Gentry and Glen Campbell is a 1968 album by Glen Campbell and Bobbie Gentry. Gentry and Campbell’s harmonies resulted in a gold record and three hit singles, including a cover of the Everly Brothers’ hit “All I Have to Do Is Dream“, which rose to #3 on the U.K. Top 40[1] and #27 on the Billboard Hot 100 in December 1969. Gentry toured briefly with Campbell and performed on a number of U.S. and British television programs and specials.

14.Julie Rogers

Julie Roberts

Please donnot confused with Julia Robert ,The best fil Actrees.
Julie Roberts
Born February 1, 1979 (1979-02-01) (age 31)
Origin Lancaster, South Carolina, USA
Genres Country
Occupations Singer
Years active 2004–present
Labels Mercury Nashville
Associated acts Trace Adkins, Saving Jane
Website Julie Roberts Official Site

Julie Roberts (born February 1, 1979) is an American country music singer. Signed to Mercury Nashville in 2004, Roberts made her debut that year with the single “Break Down Here”, a Top 20 hit on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks (now Hot Country Songs) charts and the first track from her self-titled debut album. A second album for Mercury, Men & Mascara, followed in 2006. This album produced two non-charting singles in its title track and a cover of Saving Jane’sGirl Next Door“.





Julie Roberts was born in Lancaster, South Carolina, in 1979. She began her life performing in pre-school plays. She also was in school choirs and performed in a rendition of “My Fair Lady” at a singing summer camp. Roberts began performing country music as a child. When she was in junior high and high school, she toured with her family, playing at festivals in North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. She also performed at area nursing homes (where she developed an appreciation for blues music); and worked at Carowinds (a theme park in Charlotte, North Carolina) and Dollywood. She also worked with 60 and 70 year-old men performing at nursing homes. Her influences include Dolly Parton, Barbara Mandrell and Tanya Tucker.

She first attended USC Lancaster in her hometown from 1997 to 1999 before graduating from Belmont University in Nashville, Tennessee, with a degree in business administration. Roberts began working for Mercury Nashville Records, later becoming assistant to label head Luke Lewis. During her tenure there, she began perfecting her singing skills and recorded a demo tape.

Country music career

Roberts was signed to Universal Music Group Nashville‘s Mercury Nashville division. Her debut single, “Break Down Here“, was released on February 24, 2004. The song had previously been recorded by Trace Adkins, however, his version was titled “I’d Sure Hate to Break Down Here”, and was not released as a single. Roberts released her self-titled debut album on May 25, 2004. It charted within the Top 10 of the Billboard Top Country Albums chart, peaking at #9. “Break Down Here” became a Top 20 single on the Hot Country Songs chart, however, she never charted within the Top 40 after that. The two follow-up singles, “The Chance” and “Wake Up Older”, peaked at #47 and #46 on the country charts, respectively. The album was then certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on December 13, 2004.

In 2006, she released her fourth single, “Men & Mascara”, which would in-turn be the title track to her second album. Men & Mascara was released on June 27, 2006. Although not charting a single from this album, it managed to chart even higher than her debut album. It reached #4 on the Top Country Albums and #25 on the all-genre Billboard 200. Included on the album is a cover version of Saving Jane‘s “Girl Next Door“, however, it failed to chart along with the albums title track. After much soul-searching Julie and Mercury Records parted ways at the beginning of May 2010. Julie is currently recording her 3rd cd as an independent artist and she hopes to have it released in 2011.


Roberts made a donation of $124,250 to St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital after she, along with contestant Peter Buccellato, won the $100,000 prize in the bonus round on the game show Wheel of Fortune on an episode that aired in February 2007

15.Peter Maffay

Peter Maffay

Peter Maffay, 2009
Background information
Origin Germany
Genres Rock
Years active 1969–present
Labels BMG Ariola

Peter Maffay (born August 30, 1949 in the Romanian town of Braşov, German: Kronstadt; real name: Peter Alexander Makkay) is a German musician.


Born in Brasov, Romania, the son of a German (Transylvanian Saxon), he was 14 when his family relocated to his parents’ native Germany in 1963. In the same year, he started his first band, The Dukes. After completing his education and working for Chemigraphics, an art manufacturer, Maffay worked in clubs, where he distributed his music.

Peter Maffay’s career started with the publication of his first single, “Du” (You in German). It was the biggest German hit in 1970 and brought Maffay instant fame. With the album Steppenwolf in 1979, Maffay became a major music star in Germany. The album sold 1.6 million copies, making it the best selling LP at that time. In 1980, the album Revanche (Revenge) broke his previous record, selling 2.1 million copies.

Maffay holds the German record for the most number one ranked singles in the single and album sales charts, including 12 albums.[1] In addition, most of his studio albums reached the top ten.[1] He also holds a German record for most albums to have sold over one million copies, with 14. His latest album ,Laut und Leise (Loud and Quiet), became the fourteenth.

Altogether, Maffay has sold over 35 million records. Since 1980, each of his 13 tours (roughly every 2 years) has ranked among the three most visited attractions each season in Germany, with nine of them ranked first in that category.

Maffay also created a string of fairy tales about a little green dragon named Tabaluga, which was spread out onto four albums. The piece was also turned into a musical. Maffay went on tour individually with Tabaluga & Lilli in Germany; he later released a live album, DVD and live TV broadcast. The tour included Peter Maffay, Alexis, Nino de Angelo, Rufus Beck, and Carl Carlton among others.

In 1998, Maffay created an album in collaboration with artists from all corners of the world, including Aboriginal singers and musicians from Israel, called “Begegnungen”. Julia Neigel, another famous German artist, is one of the musicians he usually works with in lyrics and singing in duets. She wrote two of his top singles – “Freiheit Die Ich Meine” and “Siehst Du die Sonne”, a cover of Michel Polnareff‘s “Le Poupeé qui fait non”.

He also starred in two films directed by Peter Patzak: The Joker in 1986, and Captured in Yemen in 1999. In addition, Maffay played a supporting role in the feature “The Polar Bear”.

 Personal life

Peter Maffay is active in politics and sometimes inserts his own political stances into his music. He is a peace activist, and in 2005 he performed a concert for German ISAF troops in Afghanistan. Maffay also donates to projects for traumatised and abused children. On the Spanish island of Majorca, he established a ranch where traumatised children from all over the world can have a free two-week holiday to help them cope with their problems. For his social commitment, he received the Bundesverdienstkreuz in 1996, and, in 2001, he received an award called “Goldene Henne” (“The Golden Hen”).

Peter Maffay has been married four times, has a son and lives with his family on a farm on Majorca. One of his hobbies is motorcycle riding. In 1972, Maffay was severely injured in an accident after crashing his Harley Davidson. Later in life, he crossed the Sahara Desert several times on an off-road motorcycle.

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011


2 responses to “Pameran Koleksi Piringhitam Penyanyi Idola 1960-1970(Idle Singer Record label)

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