The Vintage Czescoslovakia Record History(piring hitam antik Cekoslovakia)



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The Czeskoslovakia Music record History(Sejarah rekaman Musik Czeskoslovakia  ),

Frame One :

The Vintage Czescoslovakia Music Record Found In Indonesia

1.Supraphon records of Indonesian Song,Uprivil V.Prochazca,Marta Korcerova,Bohemil Zeman.Vaclav Kochera havajka kutara,Skuvina vaclava Kuceri

(please the native ceska and sovena help me to tranlate)

side 1 : Bengawan solo and Laka-laka

 side 2: opelu and  Pangajo

side 3: Mata Ninamu and Duke Kahanamoku

 2.Czeskoslovak Native Song    Supraphon Record,

   Promo white label

    compliment from

 Czeskoslovak Airlines

side one : wadding day cha cha(Miloslav Duchac),Karel Vloch Orchestra

side two: Praque blues(Camra-Dada-Mayer), Praque Dixieland Band

I had heard people talking very positively about Prague, but I don’t believe anything I haven’t seen myself. That’s why we travel, isn’t it? But, don’t believe me. Go there and see for yourself.


Prague travelogue picture

It’s not for nothing that Prague has nick names like the Golden City, The City Of The Hundred Towers or Rome North Of The Alpes. Situated in the very heart of Europe, Prague is like one big open air museum. Walking through Prague is like walking through history. Everywhere you look a story can be told. I still remember the images of the Russian tanks on the Wenceslas Square. Hardly anywhere in the world you’ll find a city centre that better preserved than Prague’s. In the heart of that centre is the Staromestske Square, where you can stand for an hour and still haven’t seen everything worth while. The beautiful St. Nicalas church, the Old City’s town hall with its famous astronomical clock, the Kinsky Palace, where Franz Kafka went to school and where his father had his shop on the ground floor. Cross the Karluv bridge into Mala Strana, where Hradcany Castle is situated. From there you have the most wonderful view of this breathtaking city. You could say that Prague consists of two parts. On the right side of the river is the old town, Franz Kafka’s Prague, Prague of the jewish community, Czech Pargue. On the left side of the river baroque catholic Prague, the Prague with its palaces of the gentry, Prague with its many monasteries and churches.

Favourite spots:
Prague travelogue picture

Staromestske Square is one of the most beautiful squares I’ve seen. Houses, palaces and churches in almost any known building style can be found there. Karluv Bridge, closed for traffic, is like a flee market : people selling trinkets, souvenirs and a live Dixieland band with real wash board player. That is when you go to Prague in the summer. Mala Strana, where the Hradcany Castle is situated is a place from you have a fantastic view over Prague.

What’s really great:
Prague travelogue picture

What struck me most is the wonderful condition in which the great majority of the buildings in Prague are. It seems like everything has been restored yesterday and that there is no pollution. Also the lack of heavy traffic you have in so many big cities. You can walk through the city without risking your life crossing a street.

Prague travelogue picture

The breathtaking view over the city from Hradcany Castle.
The washboard Dixieland band on Karluv bridge.
Staromestske Square; everywhere you look you see something beautiful.

Prague travelogue picture

As I came there by car, I chose to stay outside of Prague, so I don’t have any experience. But as a European capital it has every kind of accommodation big cities offer.

Prague travelogue picture

Reduta Jazz Club in Nove Mesto
Rock Café in Nove Mesto

1.U Cizku, Karlovo namesti, 34
Nice restaurant, good quality but not cheap.
2.U pavouka (The Spider), Celetna, 17
One of the oldest restaurants in Prague, good quality, but not cheap

Furthermore there is your number of various Indian, Chinese, Italian restaurants.

Frame Two:

The Chescoslovakia Record History (now Ceska  and Slovenia)

Jazz History

Jazz in dissident Czechoslovakia




Czechoslovakia’s jazz roots were established by Jaroslav Ježek and Rudolf Antonín Dvorský in the 1920’s and 30’s. Ježek’s influence in this realm is particularly noted and by the time he immigrated to the United States in 1939, his compositions blending jazz and classical music were among the most popular music. After the invasion of the Nazis, however, jazz was banned and it was not until 1947 when the Australian jazz pianist Graeme Bell and his Dixieland Jazz Band performed at a World Youth Festival in Prague that the jazz movement was revived.

When this movement began, the Stalinists were opposed to it, but as Josef Škvorecký writes in his The Bass Saxophone, “Its name was Dixieland. A type of the cannibal-music with roots so patently folkloristic and often (the blues) so downright proletarian that even the most Orwellian falsifier of facts would be hard put to deny them” (16). Similar to the situation during World War II, jazz was a developed by Africans and as such, regarded as trash. As this movement grew, it became increasingly intertwined with the growth of the dissident movement. Among the underground intellectuals, jazz was the genre that was most identified with. As the cultural scene in Czechoslovakia heated up, the jazz scene expanded along with it. In 1964, the First Prague International Jazz Festival was held, bringing hip bands of the time. When the Prague Spring occurred, jazz continued its success as an independent form that attracted the youth in all their rebellion. It was the music that was played at clubs and numerous individual bands formed. As one sees in Josef Škvorecký’s The Cowards, the day revolved around practicing jazz with the group and heroic daydreams. Even though the novel is set at the end of WWII, the books publishing in 1958 is clearly demonstrative of the excitement for jazz that is present at the time Škvorecký writes the novel.

 Jazz Section of the Czech Musician’s Union

The small victories that jazz won during this time, however, are not comparable to the Jazz Section of the Czech Musician’s Union that was created in 1971. Formed through an “administrative loophole,” a group of jazz musicians saw the opportunity to become part of the union, and despite jazz being seen as “trash music” for the underclasses, was accepted. The Ministry of the Interior issued a number of guidelines, most importantly that the section was limited to a membership of 3,000. For the first couple of years after its conception, the Jazz Section kept within the confines of the laws. It began the Prague Jazz Days festival, which was expected to be a yearly event. It published a bulletin that discussed the ongoing music scene. As the section grew, the heads of the section became bolder and launched a book series that discussed all popular culture at the time — from Czech art, to rock poetry, a dictionary of American rock bands, to the 1984 Nobel Prize acceptance speech by Jaroslav Seifert. The first problem or law that it transgressed was the size constraint. By the time the Section was shut down, membership had reached up to 7,000 — 4,000 more than was allowed. Membership was also breached in other ways. The bulletin and book series that the section published spread quickly from hand to hand. Škvorecký writes “If in a high school one student belonged to the Jazz Section, the books and periodicals he was allowed to buy were read by practically the whole student body and usually also by the teaching staff.” As the Section’s popularity grew and their ability to sponsor musical events became more limited, it reached beyond jazz, and even beyond music in general to literature and art. They began to publish volumes of samizdat, or communist suppressed literature. Publications that were sold only to members in cultural organizations were subject to less censorship and in this way, the Section published numerous manuscripts on “alternative culture” and escaped punishment by the government.

Tensions Between Jazz Section and Communist Government

The government’s approval of the Jazz Section was in part due to its intense dislike of rock music and the overwhelming popularity of that genre. As the rock movement began to become involved with the jazz scene, tensions erupted. At the fifth Jazz Days festival, the authorities got involved when a “rock operetta” was allowed to be performed. From then on until 1984 when the Section was shut down, the bureaucracy resorted to tactics of harassment. After the Jazz Section applied for membership in the European Jazz Federation, a member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, in the early 80’s, the communist government feared bad publicity and could not shut down the section immediately. In 1980, the Jazz Days festival was cancelled under the pretext that 15,000 fans had bought tickets and the event could be listed as a “public disturbance.” In 1983, the bureaucrats sought to pressure the Czech Musician’s Union to dissolve the Jazz section. When this was refused, however, the government dissolved the entire organization. The heads, Karel Srp and Vladimír Kouřil, continued to run the Section even after its disbandment causing them to be jailed in 1986. This action was met with severe criticism from abroad including authors such as Kurt Vonnegut and John Updike. Beyond Srp and Kouřil, five other members were arrested and given fairly light sentences. Though the real causes for the light sentences are unknown, Škvorecký speculates “you cannot really hold such things in Czechoslovakia when Gorbachev is in Moscow releasing Andrei Sakharov and other people. So the trial was really a compromise between the hard-liners in the Czechoslovak party leadership who wanted to make it a warning to anyone who dared to do something not fully endorsed by the party, on the one hand, and the opportunists who smell a new wind from Moscow, on the other, who were against the trial. It reflects a split in the ruling party.” These sentiments are similar to the ideas present at the end of WWII when everybody had their own rescued Jew to prove that they were good beings. Not to be undone by these arrests however, the Jazz Section continued while Srp was in prison

Czechoslovakia 1920-1938 

** XSee copyringht information at bottom of page

The Predecessor States 

featured lens The Austro-Hungarian Empire and its Legacy
One late spring day a treaty was signed (The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867) which would seal the fate of Europe through two World Wars. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria became also the King of Hungary. The two halves of the new empire would be…


The Velvet Divorce 

The dissolution of Czechoslovakia, which took effect on 1 January 1993, was an event that saw the self-determined separation of the federal state of Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic and Slovakia, entities which had arisen in 1969 within the framework of Czechoslovak federalisation, became immediate subjects of the international law in 1993. It is sometimes known as the Velvet Divorce, a reference to the bloodless Velvet Revolution of 1989 that led to the end of the rule of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and the formation of a democratic government.

The Successor Countries 

featured lens The Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is composed of the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague. Bohemia, Moravia, and other provinces not now part of the Czech Republic, were part of Czechoslovakia.
featured lens Slovakia
Slovakia and the Czech Republic went their separate ways after January 1, 1993, an event sometimes called the Velvet Divorce. Slovakia has remained a close partner with the Czech Republic, both countries cooperate with Hungary and Poland in the Viseg…

Czechoslovakia: History


Histories of Czechoslovakia 

Which is the best history book on Czechoslovakia?

Theresienstadt: Hitler's Gift to the Jews by Norbert Troller

Theresienstadt: Hitler’s Gift to the Jews by Norbert Troller

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Norbert Troller’s unique account of life in Theresienstadt combines his intimate knowledge of the inner workings of the camp with two dozen of his own drawings and watercolors. Troller recounts his two years in Theresienstadt from early 1942 until September 1944, when he was deported to Auschwitz after the Nazis discovered he and other artists were smuggling out drawings that revealed the horrors of Hitler’s “model” ghetto. Miraculously preserved by his friends, Troller’s drawings and watercolor…0 points


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Prague Winter by Nikolaus Martin

Prague Winter by Nikolaus Martin

Prague Winter is my attempt to record a demented t more…0 points

Prague Winter is my attempt to record a demented time during which I was both witness and involuntary participant. For many years I was haunted by nightmares of being recaptured by the Gestapo or of being trapped in Prague under the communists.0 points


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National Cleansing: Retribution against Nazi Collaborators in Postwar Czechoslovakia (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare) by Benjamin Frommer

National Cleansing: Retribution against Nazi Collaborators in Postwar Czechoslovakia (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare) by Benjamin Frommer

This comprehensive history of postwar Czech retrib more…0 points

This comprehensive history of postwar Czech retribution examines the prosecution of more than one-hundred thousand suspected war criminals and collaborators by Czech courts and tribunals after the Second World War. Based on archival sources that remained inaccessible during the cold war, the book provides a new perspective on Czechoslovakia’s transition from Nazi occupation to Stalinist rule. Frommer asserts that the Czechs made a genuine, if flawed, attempt to confront past war crimes, includin…0 points


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Czechoslovakia (Brief Histories) by Maria Dowling

Czechoslovakia (Brief Histories) by Maria Dowling

Located at the heart of Europe between east and we more…0 points

Located at the heart of Europe between east and west, Czechoslovakia was the pivot of twentieth-century European history. Created in 1918 out of the ruins of an empire, it remained a beacon of democracy in a continent darkened by fascism and communism. But unable to resist the machinations of greater powers, it succumbed to Nazi invasion and partition on the eve of World War II. After that conflict it underwent a communist dictatorship, which was lightened only briefly by the Prague Spring of 19…0 points


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The United States, Revolutionary Russia, and the Rise of Czechoslovakia (Foreign Relations and the Presidency) by Betty Miller Unterberger

The United States, Revolutionary Russia, and the Rise of Czechoslovakia (Foreign Relations and the Presidency) by Betty Miller Unterberger

The First World War and the Bolshevik Revolution i more…0 points

The First World War and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia set the stage on which Woodrow Wilson had to direct U.S. policy toward Czechoslovakia as it sought liberation in the early twentieth century. Betty Unterberger’s now classic study of the ferment of this period and the way President Wilson dealt with it gives insight into both Great Power relations and the next eighty years of developments in Central Europe. A decade after the original publication of The United States, Revolutionary Russi…0 points


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Twentieth-Century Czechoslovakia: The Meanings of Its History by Josef Korbel


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Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918-1948 (Proceedings of the British Academy)

Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918-1948 (Proceedings of the British Academy)

This volume presents fresh and original writing on more…0 points

This volume presents fresh and original writing on the history of Czechoslovakia, a state neglected in British historiography, but which is vital for understanding Europe after 1918. The country twice lost its independence, firstly to Hitler’s Germany and then to Stalin’s USSR – events that sent shock waves through the continent.0 points


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August 21st: the rape of Czechoslovakia;: With on the spot reports from Prague by Colin Chapman


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The Masaryks The Making of Czechoslovakia by Zbynek Zeman

The Masaryks The Making of Czechoslovakia by Zbynek Zeman

This is a dual biography of Thomas Masaryk, the fo more…0 points

This is a dual biography of Thomas Masaryk, the founder of the Czechoslovak republic, and of his son Jan who became its first foreign minister. Their lives are set against the dramatic background of central and east European history in the century following 1850.The Masaryks have often been seen as mavericks in terms of the prevailing ideologies of their days, some seeing them as egregious idealists, others as traitors to the cause of socialism. This book examines the controversy that their care…0 points


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Czechoslovakia: The Short Goodbye by Abby Innes

Czechoslovakia: The Short Goodbye by Abby Innes

Czechoslovakia’s ‘velvet divorce’ – the peaceful b more…0 points

Czechoslovakia’s ‘velvet divorce’ – the peaceful break-up of the nation into the new independent states of Czechia and Slovakia – is widely perceived as a victory of liberal democracy and an enlightened response to ethnic and nationalist differences. But in reality the disintegration of Czechoslovakia was neither of these, argues the author of this penetrating book. Abby Innes describes and analyses in detail the causes, process, and consequences of Czechoslovakia’s 1993 separation. Her account….0 points

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Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1911 

** The Region of Future Czechoslovakia

Tomas Masaryk 

With the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, the Allies recognized Masaryk as head of the Provisional Czechoslovak government, and in 1920 he was elected the first President of Czechoslovakia. He won re-election twice subsequently, and held office until 14 December 1935, when he resigned owing to bad health and Edvard Benes succeeded him. Masaryk enjoyed almost legendary authority among the Czech and Slovak people.

Origins of Czechoslovakia 

Although the Czechs and Slovaks have similar languages, they have distinct cultures and experiences. The ancestors of the Czechs and Slovaks may have been united in the so-called “Samo Empire” for some thirty years in the seventh century. The ancestors of the Slovaks and Moravians were later united in Great Moravia between 833 and 907. The Czechs were only part of Great Moravia for some seven years before splitting from it in 895. Furthermore, in the second half of the tenth century, the Czechs may have conquered and controlled western Slovakia for around thirty years. This was the last time the two nations were united; the Hungarians had conquered Slovakia by the eleventh century, while the Czechs maintained their own principality (a kingdom from 1198) of Bohemia, from around 900 to 1918.

The creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 was the culmination of the long struggle of the Czechs against their Austrian rulers and of the Slovaks against Hungarisation and their Hungarian rulers.

Annexations of Czechoslovakia in 1939 



Category: File – :Sudetendeutsche gebiete.svg|thumb|300px|Map of the Sudetenland (highlighted in black).

Category: Image – :?s. vojáci v Krásné Líp?.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Czechoslovak soldiers patrolling the town of Krásná Lípa () in the Sudeten Region, September, 1938.

Sudetenland (Czech and , ) is the German name used in English in the first half of the 20th century for the western regions of Czechoslovakia inhabited mostly by ethnic Germans, specifically the border areas of Bohemia, Moravia, and those parts of Silesia associated with Bohemia.

The name is derived from the Sudeten mountains, though the Sudetenland extended beyond these mountains which run along the border to Silesia and contemporary Poland. The German inhabitants were called Sudeten Germans (German: Sudetendeutsche, Czech: Sudet?tí N?mci, Polish: Niemcy Sudeccy). The German minority in Slovakia, the Carpathian Germans, is not included in this ethnic category.

Prague, August, 1968 

Prague Spring 

The Prague Spring (, ) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Slovak Alexander Dub?ek came to power, and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and members of its Warsaw Pact allies invaded the country to halt the reforms.

The Prague Spring reforms were an attempt by Dub?ek to grant additional rights to the citizens in an act of partial decentralization of the economy and democratization. The freedoms granted included a loosening of restrictions on the media, speech and travel. After national discussion of separating the country into a federation of three republics, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia, Dub?ek oversaw the decision for two, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.Czech radio broadcasts 18?20 August 1968 This was the only change that survived the end of the Prague Spring.

The reforms, especially the decentralisation of administrative authority, were not received well by the Soviets who, after failed negotiations, sent thousands of Warsaw Pact troops and tanks to occupy the country. A large wave of emigration swept the nation. While there were many non-violent protests in the country, including the protest-suicide of a student, there was no military resistance. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until 1990.

After the invasion, Czechoslovakia entered a period of normalization: subsequent leaders attempted to restore the political and economic values that had prevailed before Dub?ek gained control of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KS?). Gustáv Husák, who replaced Dub?ek and also became president, reversed almost all of Dub?ek’s reforms. The Prague Spring inspired music and literature such as the work of Václav Havel, Karel Husa, Karel Kryl, and Milan Kundera’s novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being.

The Velvet Revolution 

The Velvet Revolution () or Gentle Revolution () (November 17 – December 29, 1989) was a non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the communist government.[ RP’s History Online – Velvet Revolution]

On November 17, 1989, a Friday, riot police suppressed a peaceful student demonstration in Prague. That event sparked a series of popular demonstrations from November 19 to late December. By November 20 the number of peaceful protesters assembled in Prague had swollen from 200,000 the previous day to an estimated half-million. A two-hour general strike, involving all citizens of Czechoslovakia, was held on November 27.

With the collapse of other Warsaw Pact governments and increasing street protests, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announced on November 28 that it would relinquish power and dismantle the single-party state. Barbed wire and other obstructions were removed from the border with West Germany and Austria in early December. On December 10, President Gustáv Husák appointed the first largely non-communist government in Czechoslovakia since 1948, and resigned. Alexander Dub?ek was elected speaker of the federal parliament on December 28 and Václav Havel the President of Czechoslovakia on December 29, 1989.

In June 1990 Czechoslovakia held its first democratic elections since 1946.

The term Velvet Revolution was used internationally to describe the revolution, although the Czech side also used the term internally. After the dissolution of the nation in 1993, Slovakia used the term Gentle Revolution, the term that Slovaks used for the revolution from the beginning. The Czech Republic continues to refer to the event as the Velvet Revolution.

The Velvet Revolution on Amazon 

The Velvet Revolution: Czechoslovakia, 1988-1991

by: Bernard Wheaton, Zdenek Kavan

Amazon Price: $34.00 (as of 02/21/2011) Buy Now

A Velvet Revolution: Vaclav Havel And the Fall of Communism (World Leaders)

by: John Duberstein

Amazon Price: $28.95 (as of 02/21/2011) Buy Now

Czechoslovakia: The Velvet Revolution and Beyond

by: Robin E. H. Shepherd

Amazon Price: $128.25 (as of 02/21/2011) Buy Now

The Prague Spring in Czechoslovak Art & Culture


HUSA: Music for Prague 1968 / Reflections / Fresque

Amazon Price: $17.88 (as of 02/22/2011)Buy Now

Music for Prague 1968 

Music for Prague 1968 is a programmatic work written by Czech-born composer Karel Husa for symphonic band and later transcribed for full orchestra, written shortly after the crushing of the Prague Spring reform movement in Czechoslovakia in 1968. Karel Husa was sitting on the dock at his cottage in America at the time, listening to the BBC broadcast of the events on the radio. He was deeply moved, and wrote Music for Prague 1968 to memorialize the events. This piece is a standard among wind ensemble repertoire.

The work was commissioned by Ithaca College and was premiered in January 1969 in Washington, DC at the Music Educators National Conference by Dr. Kenneth Snapp and the Ithaca College Concert Band.

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The Unbearable Lightness of Being 

Set in 1968 Prague, the novel details the circumstances of life for artists and intellectuals in Communist Czechoslovakia in the wake of the Prague Spring and the subsequent invasion by the USSR.

The major protagonists are Tomas, a well-known, successful surgeon who criticizes the Czech Communists and as a result loses his position, and his wife Tereza, a photographer in anguish over her husband’s many infidelities.

The book also explores the worlds of two other characters, Tomas’s lover Sabina (a painter) and Sabina’s lover Franz (a university professor).

The book centers on the idea that existence is full of unbearable lightness, because each of us has only one life to live: Einmal ist keinmal (once is nonce: “what happened once might never have happened at all”). Therefore, each life is, ultimately, insignificant; every decision, ultimately, does not matter. Since decisions do not matter, they are light, they don’t make us suffer: they do not bind, yet simultaneously, the insignificance of our decisions – our lives, our being – is unbearably light, hence, the unbearable lightness of being.

Because of the subject, some critics labeled this novel modernist, while others see it as a celebratory post-modern explosion of narrative craft

Music of Czechoslovakia 

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011


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