Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum:”The Vietnam War 1965-1975 Collections”

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DVWC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Vietnam War  Cybermuseum)

Showcase:

The Vietnam War Document

       and Postal History

               1965-1975

This Exhibition in order to remambrance of the end of vietnamwar 36 year ago in april 1975-2011, and also 42 years the mortem of ho chi minh 1969-2011

 

                                                                 

     Based on private  document ,Revenue and Postal history collections

                      

                                CREATED BY Dr IWAN S

                                   

__________________________________________________________________________

                             THE VIETNAM WAR 1964-1975            

                                       CREATED BY

                                         Dr IWAN S.

                              Limited edition 100 expls

                      Private Publication Special for Collectors

                                  Jakarta 2011                                                                                           

                  @copyright Dr Iwan S ,2011

                 

 

                                  ______________________________________________________________________

VIETNAM WAR 1964-1975(Book Two and Book three)

Edisi Terbatas 100 eksp

Publikasi Pribadi Khusus untuk Kolektor postal Histori

Penulis : Dr Iwan S

Editor  : Anton J.S.

Penyunting : Lily W.

Photographer : Albert SDO & INDRA SANUSI

NAMA PEMILIK: Dr Iwan S

NO. PERCOBAAN 001

@Copyright Dr Iwan S 2011

 

 

 

 

 __________________________________________________________________________

                    

                                                    PREFACE-PENGANTAR

1.The Vietnam Liberation War to liberated South Vietnam 1964-1975, have written by many international  writters, but based and illustrated with the factual private document,revenue and posta history collections and from Indonesia never done.Indonesian collectors not many have Vietnam war postal history collections, also in Vietnam because after the war finish everybodies afraid to collect due to the Vietcong nationalist will catch them and put in the special camp as the collaborator US Army with their AVRN.all document and collections realted to the war were through out and burned.

  SituationSituasi Perang Pembebasan Vietnam Selatan 1963-1975,sudah banyak ditulis oleh  luar negeri, tetapi yang berdasarkan informasi factual dari koleksi dokumen and benda pos pribadi belum banyak yang ditulis oleh pengarang dari Indonesia dengan mengunakan bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Ingris, hal ini karena tidak banyak bangsa Indonesia yang memiliki dokumen-dokumen and benda pos tersebut ,umunya di Vietnam habis dibakar atau musnah saat mengungsi ,dan paling akhir rusah akibat banjir. Umumnya saat tersebut akibat situasi politis saat perang pembebasan Vietnam Selatan  1963-1975 pada umumnya rakyat Vietnam sangat takut menyimpan arsip pribadi terkait perang tersebut  yang dapat menjadi bukti mereka terlibat sebagai kolaburator tentara Amerika Serikatndan pasukan Republik Vietnam Selatan  dan para  pejuang pembebasan Vietnam Selatan akan menuduh mereka mata-mata Amerika Serikat  dengan akibat yang  merugikan sipemilik.

2.One of a AVRN Military postal history have found by the writers during visit Ho Chi Minh city (before Saigon) have gave the motivation to write the special book for Indonesian,Vietnam and USA postal history collectors and another collectors from all over the world. Please look that cover illustration below.

                                                

Salah satu koleksi pos militer yang ditemui oleh penulis saat kunjungan kedua tahun 2008 di Ho Chi Minh city memberikan motivasi untuk menulis suatu buku khusus untuk kolektor phillatelis di Indonesia,Vietnam dan Amerika Serikat serta laiNYA.After the Vietnam Liberation War finish in 1975, many stamp and postal history collectors Collected     the collection as the factual fact of history, one of the USA collectors have illustrated his AVRN military Postal History and the picture of the sender Lee Ming Dao, in internet IMNAHA Mr Andrew Cresshow.let look one of his collection have sent to me below.

                                           

                                            

3.Sesudah perang  Pembebasan Vietnam Selatan berakhir ditahun 1975 , mulailah banyak kolektor prangko dan benda-benda pos yang terkait sejarah mengumpulkan koleksi yang merupakan data faktual, salah seorang kolektor yang koleksinya ditampilkan dalam situs IMNAHA Andrew Cresshow  menampilkan koleksi pos milter Vietnam selatan  yang disingkat dengan AVRN.lihat salah satu koleksinya yang dikirimkan pada penulis:

4.In 1974, I have met with the Indonesian National Police officer which told me that his friend also from National Police province Riouw Sumatra that time just on duty as the UN peace Force at Saigon (ICCS) and he gave me a ICCS Postal History which send by his friend, base on this first postal history I starting collect another special Vietnam War collections. Please look theillustration below.

                                                

Penulis tahun 1974 pernah bertemu dengan  seorang teman di Kepolisian yang menceritakan bahwah seorang Mayor Polisi dari Riauw saat ini bertugas dalam pasukan pengaman PBB di Vietnam Selatan (ICCS),dan ia memberikan penulis sebuah sampul dengan prangko Vietnam yang dikirim oleh temannya tersebut, berdasarkan koleksi pertama tersebut mulailah saya mengumpulkan koleksi postal histori Perang Vietnam .

5. In 2007 and 2008 I visit Saigon (now Ho chi Minh City), with the helping of some antique dealer there which  from etnic Chineseoverseas from Chinese area Cholon, they seeking for me old document and postal history from the garbage document trader (lapak in Indonesia language), and I found the complete and interesting collections,and also from older Jakarta collectors I found several Vietnam War Collections may be from The Indonesia National Army who on duty in ICCS UN peace corps,look at the antique trader with his vietnam war collections below.

                                                         

Pada  tahun 2007 dan 2008 penulis mengunjungi Saigon (saat ini kota Ho chi Minh) ,berkat bantuan dari beberapa pedagang koleksi antik yang berasal dari Cholon bagian kota yang dihuni oleh kaum perantau Cina yang mencarikan dokumen dan koleksi dari Lapak kertas bekas disana sehingga terkumpullah suatu koleksi yang sangat lengkap dan menarik selain prangko dan meterai juga ditemui uang kertas militer Amerika Serikat yang khusus diedarkan di Vietnam Selatan lihat illustrasi dibawah ini.

                                                  

 Selain itu di Jakarta dari kolektor tua juga di temui beberapa tambahan koleksi yang mungkin dulu berasal dari pasukan Indonesia yang bertugas sebaagai pasukan PBB ICCS, antara lain sebuah plakat penghargaan ICCS.lihat illustrasi dibawah ini:.

6.In 2009 I am starting to write a simple story and add in my internet blog with the same name with historic chronolic,many comment and asked me to edit this simple story with more interesting style and illustrated with more professional photography..

 Tahun 2009 penulis memulai suatu tulisan sederhana sebagai pecobaan, di tampilkan dalam suatu blog internet dengan nama yang sama dengan penampilan kronologis historis, banyak tanggapan dan saran agar penulis mengedit dan menyusun tulisan yang lebih sederhan dengan gaya ,cerita yang lebih menarik dilengkapi illustrasi koleksi yang tehnik fotografi yang canggih.

7.The professional writing starting in June 2010 until April 2011 ,with more professional proposal help by the professional team editor,layout and photography, as the firs issue in Private productions limited 100 expl in CR-Rom.

Penulisan dimulai bulan Juni 2010 sampai April 2011  dengan rencana yang lebih matang dibantu oleh suatu tim editor,layout dan,photography ,sebagai penerbitan pertama secara pribadi akan di terbitkan edisi terbatas  100 eksemplar dalam CR-ROM

8.I know that this book have many lack of inromation and written technologically , that ias why I need more comment and corrections to made this book more complete and more best performance in the future.

Penulis menyadari buku ini masih banyak kekurangan dan kekeliruan sehingga diharapkan koreksi ,saran dan tambahan informasi agar dapat disempurnakan.

9.Thanks very much to all my friends for their comment that made this book created as the proposal on time, and will lauching on the63th Vietnam Indepedence day August 15th 2010, I am sorry I cannot listed the name of my friends here.without then this book cannot write in good and interesting, also takns very much to my collectors who visit my three internet Web Blog site

hhtp://www. unqiecollections.wordpress.com ,  hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress.com.  hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada teman-teman yang telah memberikan komentar dan saran sehingga penerbitan buku ini dapat terlaksana sesuai rencana, akan di luncurkan saat hari kemerdekaan Vietnam ke 63 ,15 Agustus  2010, karena berbagai hal nama-nama teman-teman tersebut belum dpat di sebut satu-persatu, tanpa mereka karya tulis ini tidak mungkin dapatDitulis dengan baik dan menarik. Juga terima kasih kepada para kolektor setia dari blog saya di Internet.

Jakarta  April 2011

The writer/Penulis

Dr Iwan S

Frame one :

The Vietnam War 1964-1968Several Informations and illustrations in this book:

1.

The Vietnam War: (1968-1969)

C Battery, 2/138th at Firebase Denise, 1969
C Battery, 2/138th at Firebase Denise, 1969

On April 19, 1968, the 2d Battalion, 138th Field Artillery with units in Louisville, Bardstown, Elizabethtown and Carrollton, Kentucky were ordered to active duty by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Among 24,500 men ordered to active duty in 88 units across the United States were 570 Kentucky Guardsmen and 750 Kentucky Air Guardsmen.

After approximately three weeks of processing, the Army Guardsmen were flown to Fort Hood, Texas, for concentrated field training and combat qualification. Following the heritage, which had been passed down through the generations of the Kentucky National Guard, these men performed their duties with the utmost of expertise. These were civilian soldiers taken from their civilian jobs to perform the task of liberating from Communist tyranny a tiny country practically on the other side of the world. Even though such was quite unpopular with many U.S. citizens, these centurions carried the torch of freedom for posterity. During the months before deployment to the Republic of Vietnam, 105 men sought an injunction from shipping the unit to a hostile zone without a declaration of war by the U.S. Congress. The U.S. Supreme Court refused to issue the injunction. These men had their day to be heard and never once complained of being sent to Southeast Asia. Not one man failed to do his duty commendably.

C 2 / 138th FA in Vietnam at Firebase Denise 1969.
Battery C, 2 / 138th Field Artillery in Vietnam – believed to be Mike Simpson’s gun at Firebase Denise 1969.”

The Kentucky men showed much spirit. This was indicated by their disregard for a Department of Defense policy, which disallowed two brothers serving together in a combat zone. The 2d Battalion had numerous pairs of brothers serving in combat, as well as many who had brothers serving with the U.S. Regulars in South Vietnam. Such concern truly brought out the inbred motto of Kentuckians, “United We Stand, Divided We Fall.”

The 2d Battalion of the 138th Field Artillery established headquarters at Gia Le Combat Base. Its firing batteries occupied such famous bases as Fire Base Bastogne, Tomahawk Hill, and Hamburger Hill. Its responsibility was to provide fire support for the Screaming Eagles of the 101st Airborne Division, whose home is Fort Campbell, Ky. Together they were to keep North Vietnamese regulars from destroying neighboring villages that were located along the China Sea. In this endeavor the Kentucky National Guard had provided such superior fire support that NVA sappers, demolition experts, were given the life-or-death mission of completely destroying Charlie Battery of Bardstown. Charlie Battery had created utter destruction for the NVA and the only possible hope was an attempt to destroy her. Later intelligence indicated that the NVA had practiced their mission of destruction because it was well aware of Charlie Battery’s battle adeptness.

The evening of June 19, 1969, was a quiet one for Charlie Battery on Tomahawk Hill. There had been few attacks by the enemy in the previous days and fire missions were at a minimum. It was pouring rain. South Vietnamese rainstorms are much different from those in the States. It comes down with such force that one would think a dam had broken. The rain numbs all hearing senses and limits visibility to one foot. The infiltrators are pleased with such climate as it allows them movement, which normally would be checked. Many of the off-duty men of Charlie were watching a James Bond movie or thinking about their loved ones back in Kentucky.

Meanwhile, approximately 150 NVA sappers were amassing outside the perimeter of the compound. Twenty-two infantrymen from the 101st Airborne Division were manning the perimeter. At approximately 0145 about 75 of the sappers, clad only in loin cloths and skullcaps with satchel charges strapped to their bodies and carrying RPG’s, shoulder-firing rocket launchers, proceeded to snake through the barbed concertina wire barricade. Supported by a mortar unit the NVA sappers completely overran the defending infantry, killing and wounding most of them.

A Bardstown man shouted the first alarm and the destruction was on. The deadly sappers, who were, as would be later confirmed, on drugs, moved around devilishly free with no fear of death. They threw satchel charges into the bunkers, killing and wounding many. The wounded as well as the unharmed fought back with every ounce of life to drive the madmen from the firebase. At the same time, other units of the Kentucky Guard at other firebases were shelled by the NVA so that they could provide little or no fire for Charlie Battery.

The sappers delivered approximately 150 satchel charges and RPG’s. After destroying an ammunition storage area, three howitzers, nine bunkers, the mess hall, dining tent, maintenance building, four ammunition carriers, three 21/2-ton trucks, two 3/4-ton trucks, and three jeeps, the marauders of the night were forced to retreat. Cobra gunships zeroed in on the NVA position and forced the surviving NVA sappers to run for their lives.

The enemy felled nine Kentucky Guardsmen but he lost 23 on the battlefield. Other dead he carried off so as not to allow the Kentucky men the satisfaction of knowing they had bluntly checked the NVA’s attempted goal: total destruction of Fire Base Tomahawk. The Kentuckians took one prisoner, from which they learned much so that no such attack could occur again.

Senior Commander in Vietnam, General Creighton Abrams, said the 2nd Battalion 138th Field Artillery, was “one of the best trained, and absolutely the best maintained battalion-sized unit in Vietnam.”

Meanwhile, in Kentucky, on May 27, 1968, 700 Guardsmen were ordered to Louisville to quell a racial riot as state and local police fought late into the night to restore order after rioting and looting erupted in the city’s West End. Six units from Louisville were originally called to curb the disturbance. Seventeen incidents of burning automobiles, looting of stores and vandalism had occurred before the Guard established its headquarters at Brandeis Elementary School. The mission of the Guardsmen was to protect firemen who were attempting to extinguish fires initiated by arsonists. There were a total of 29 incidents of looting, vandalism, and arson in the 90-minute period after the command post was set up.

The rioting centered around 28th and Greenwood. It was there that the action began at 8:30 p.m. following a rally protesting reinstatement of a Louisville policeman accused of using excessive force in arresting a African-American on May 8. The rioting fanned out for blocks as gangs of African-American youths roamed the streets. The price tag for the disturbance was pegged at $200,000. The cost of maintaining the Guard for the period was estimated from $30,000 to $40,000 per day.

In October of 1969 a welcome home ceremony was held for the Second Howitzer Battalion who had returned from Vietnam. Members of the Guard stood proudly in honoring its achievements. The spring of 1970 was a violent one. President Richard Nixon had committed troops into the fishhook of Cambodia in order to check North Vietnamese supply lines and rest camps, which had been used as springboards for campaigns against the allied forces. Back home in the U.S., the college campuses were humming with dissatisfaction as evidenced by the numerous campus disorders. The powder, which set the explosion, was the incident at Kent State University in Ohio. Four students had been accidentally struck and killed by bullets, which allegedly came from the muzzles of Ohio Guardsmen. This incident created chaos on many of the college campuses throughout the U.S. The University of Kentucky also had its problems. On the night of May 5, Governor Louie B. Nunn issued an emergency proclamation after witnessing the destruction of the Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) Building. Two hundred eighty-five Guardsmen were called to aid in the protection of state property and human life. On May 7, 1000 student protesters were dispersed by tear gas for failure to break up an unlawful assembly. Such was a distasteful task for the Guard for many of the men were students at the University themselves. Yet they performed outstandingly in keeping peace on the campus without a major incident. After four days the Guardsmen had settled all chaos and had kept the University intact for the citizen taxpayers of the Commonwealth.

Approximately 125,000 Kentuckians served in the Vietnam War. One thousand seventy-seven gave their lives.

   

 

2.

 

 
 
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November 16, 1968

  • As part of Operation SHERIDAN SABRE, B and E Companies, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cav Division are attacked by an estimated enemy company west of Katum. After the day long battle, casualties are: US 11 WIA; enemy 37 KIA.

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November 17, 1968

  • Battle of Nui Chom. The 4/31st and the 5/46th Infantry Battalions from the AMERICAL Division battled the enemy in these mountains about 4.5 miles northwest of Hiep Duc. Casualties: US 4 KIA, 33 WIA; enemy 66 KIA.

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November 18, 1968

  • Operation NAM HOA I begins. The 2/501st Airborne, 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne conducted this search and destroy operation with the 3d ARVN Regiment in Thua Thien Province. Casualties: Allies 6 KIA, 39 WIA; enemy 78 KIA.
  • The 337th Light Maintenance Company, a USA Reserve units from Manitowoc, Wisconsin, arrived for duty in the RVN. The unit has the missions of maintaining vehicles and common equipment assigned to the Army Cam Ranh Bay Support Command.
  • At approximatively 0915 hours, an recon team from the 1st Marine Division on Operation HENDERSON HILL observed 80 enemy soldiers in khaki uniforms 2 miles northwest of An Hoa. Artillery fire was directed onto the enemy force, killing 48.

(The docks at Cam Ranh Bay)

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Only red x showing for that pic my friend Boonie .

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Only red x showing for that pic my friend Boonie .

Restored

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Old 21 Nov 08, 09:46

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November 20, 1968

  • Attack on FSB Cantigny. As part of Operation TOAN THANG II, the 2/28th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division was defending FSB Cantigny about 20 miles north of Saigon when it was attacked by a VC company. Casualties were 13 enemy killed, 4 US KIA and 16 WIA.
  • Operation MEADE RIVER initiated. The 1st Marine Division planned MEADE RIVER to support the Le Loi or “accelerated pacification” campaign since 141 of its targeted hamlets were in I Corps. The 1st Marines conducted this cordon and search operation which was the largest “County Fair” operation up to that time. Rather than surround and search single hamlets or villages, the division planned a cordon around 36 square kilometers in the Dodge City area, south of Da Nang. Intelligence estimated that the enemy forces in Dodge City numbered between 100 and 150 VC infrastructure and could include up to 900 NVA and VC regular forces that consisted mainly of the 1/36 NVA Regiment. Over seven Marine battalions (1/1, 2/5, 3/5, 1/7, BLT 2/7, BLT 2/26, and 3/26 Marines) would be involved. Casualties: US 107 KIA, 385 WIA; enemy 841 KIA, 182 POW.

(Two pictures taken during MEADE RIVER)

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November 22, 1968

  • As part of the QUYET CHIEN Campaign, helicopter gunships from the 164th Combat Aviation Group supported by tactical air engaged an unknown-size enemy force 2 miles northwest of Cai Be in Dinh Tuong province. Elements from the 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division were inserted into the area and made sporadic contacts with remnants of the enemy force. Results were 58 enemy killed and 6 suspects detained. One US soldier was wounded in the engagement.
  • At 0915, a company from the 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division on Operation TOAN THANG II engaged an unknown-size enemy force in bunkers 8 miles north-northwest of Go Dau Ha in Tay Ninh Province. Contact continued until 1610 hours when the enemy withdrew from the area. Initial reports indicated that 6 enemy soldiers were killed. Friendly casualties were 15 US KIA and 20 WIA.

(The bridge spanning the Vam Co Dong at Go Dau Ha)

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November 24, 1968

  • At 1130 hours, helicopter gunships from the 12th Combat Aviation Group were conducting an armed reconnaissance flight over an area 15 miles northwest of Tay Ninh City when an estimated 200 enemy soldiers opened fire on them with small arms and automatic weapons. The helicopters returned fire with rockets and miniguns until 1430 when contact was lost. Results were 54 enemy killed and no US casualties.

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Old 26 Nov 08, 06:35

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November 25, 1968

  • At approximatively 0630 hours, Company B, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division on Operation SHERIDAN SABRE engaged an estimated enemy company 21 miles north-northwest of Tay Ninh City. Contact was lost at 1030. Results were 52 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 10 US WIA.
  • At approximatively 1020 hours, an element of the 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division on Operation QUYET CHIEN engaged an unknown-size enemy force 4 miles southwest of Ben Tre in Kien Hoa Province. Contact continued until 1240 when the enemy evaded. Results were 19 enemy killed, 1 US KIA and 4 US WIA.

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  #1286  
Old 27 Nov 08, 13:21

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November 27, 1968

  • At approximatively 1110 hours, an element from the 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and an element from the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment engaged an estimated NVA company while conducting a combat sweep 4 miles north of Loc Ninh in Binh Long Province. Contact continued until 1630 when the enemy withdrew. Results were 58 enemy killed and 8 US WIA.
  • At approximatively 1350, Company A and B, 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division on Operation TOAN THANG II were assaulted into a LZ 8 miles southeast of Tay Ninh City. The helicopters and troops were immediately engaged by an unknown size enemy force employing small arms and automatic weapons. 2 UH-1 helicopters were hit and crashed into the LZ. Company A, 2d Battalion, 22d Infantry reinforced the contact. Fighting continued until 2040 when the enemy withdrew. Results were 7 enemy killed, 15 US KIA and 19 WIA.

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Old 28 Nov 08, 13:22

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November 28, 1968

  • At approximatively 0900 hours, elements of the 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and 9th ARVN Regiment engaged an unknown size enemy force while conducting a combat sweep 4 miles north-northwest of Tay Ninh in Binh Long Province. Results were 71 enemy killed, 4 US WIA and light ARVN casualties.
  • Battle of Loc Ninh V. The 2-28 Inf, 1st Infantry Division engages an NVA battalion for two days northeast of Loc Ninh, killing 148.
  • Operation DAWSON RIVER commences. It is a multi-battalion search & clear operation centered in an area 14 miles south of Cam Lo in Quang Tri Province and under the control of the 9th Marines, 3d Marine Division.

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Old 01 Dec 08, 10:24

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November 29, 1968

  • The 3/17 Air Cav inserted a LRRP team from E/50 Infantry, 9th Infantry Division into the Cam Son secret zone. From their NDP, the LRRPs observed a large column of VC moving in the area between Cai Lay and Cai Be. They were extracted at dawn while the 2/39 Infantry was inserted and made contact with the 261B VC Main Force battalion, killing 70.
  • At approximatively 1110 hours, a mechanized element of the US 1st Infantry Division on Operation TOAN THANG II and under operational control of the 1st Cavalry Division engaged an estimated NVA battalion while sweeping an area 5 miles northeast of Loc NInh in Binh Long Province. Contact ended at 1530 when the enemy evaded and withdrew. Results were 78 enemy killed, 7 US KIA and 16 US WIA.

(A lurp from Co E, 50th Inf, Mekong Delta, 1968)

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Old 01 Dec 08, 10:40

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December 1, 1968

  • At approximatively 1345, the air cavalry troop of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment on Operation TOAN THANG II observed and engaged an unknown-size enemy unit while conducting an aerial reconnaissance 8 miles south of Phuoc Vinh in Binh Duong Province. Results were 24 enemy killed, 1 US KIA and 3 US WIA.
  • Operation SPEEDY EXPRESS begins. The 9th Infantry Division committed seven battalions to this search and destroy operation which was a suboperation of QUYET THANG. It was charged with the security of the Dong Tam area and claimed 10,899 known enemy casualties when the operation terminated on May 31, 1969. Friendly casulaties were 40 US KIAs and 312 WIAs.

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  #1290  
Old 01 Dec 08, 14:17

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  • The 3/17 Air Cav inserted a LRRP team from E/50 Infantry, 9th Infantry Division into the Cam Son secret zone. From their NDP, the LRRPs observed a large column of VC moving in the area between Cai Lay and Cai Be. They were extracted at dawn while the 2/39 Infantry was inserted and made contact with the 261B VC Main Force battalion, killing 70.

(A lurp from Co E, 50th Inf, Mekong Delta, 1968)

3.

In the early hours of 31st January 1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese soldiers, together with guerrilla fighters of the NLF, launched one of the most daring military campaigns in history.
The Tet Offensive was the real turning point in the Vietnam War. On its 40th anniversary, Alan Woods analyses the events that led to the Vietnam War and the significance of the Tet Offensive in bringing about the defeat of US imperialism.

The Vietnamese call it “Chien Tranh Chong My Curu Nuoc” or “The War against the Americans to save the nation.” In the course of this war, some 58,000 US soldiers were killed in action, as well as 304,000 wounded. But these figures pale in insignificance beside the horrific casualties suffered by the Vietnamese. Almost 1,400,000 North and South Vietnamese were killed in action.

To this we must add 2,100,000 wounded. It was one of the bloodiest wars in history, and one that took a particularly high toll of civilian lives. The total number of Vietnamese people killed in this conflict will never be known but was probably not fewer than three million, and the total number of casualties not fewer than 8 million.

The collections will arranged years per years from 1964 until 1968,the install still in processing,please be patient and look  some sample  pictures  below.

The Vietnam War in Pictures

On January 27, 1973, the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam was signed by representatives of the South Vietnamese communist forces, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the United States in Paris. A cease-fire would go into effect the following morning, and two months later, on March 29, 1973, the last U.S. military unit would leave Vietnam. The two-decade-long Vietnam War would finally come to an end two years later, and in 1976 the country was reunited as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. In the course of the war, more than 3 million people died (including 58,000 Americans), with more than half of them being civilians.

On this 38th anniversary of the Paris Accord, we take a look inside Britannica’s archive and bring you some photos from the Vietnam War.

Assault boats are used in the river patrol as U.S. Marines move inland during the final phase of exercise Jungle Drum III, southern Thailand, March 20, 1965; U.S. Navy photograph

 Assault boats being used as river patrol as U.S. Marines move inland during the final phase of exercise Jungle Drum III, southern Thailand, March 20, 1965

U.S. Marines wading ashore near Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam, 1965; U.S. Navy photograph

U.S. Marines wading ashore near Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam, 1965

U.S. soldiers form a search-and-destroy patrol in Phuoc Tuy province, South Vietnam, in 1966, during the Vietnam War; U.S. Army photograph
U.S. soldiers form a search-and-destroy patrol in Phuoc Tuy province, South Vietnam, in 1966
John McCain (centre) surrounded by Hanoi residents in Truc Bach Lake after his plane was shot down during the Vietnam War, Oct. 26, 1967; Veterans History Project/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
John McCain (centre) surrounded by Hanoi residents in Truc Bach Lake after his plane was shot down during, Oct. 26, 1967

Vietnamese citizens photographed during the My Lai Massacre, March 16, 1968; Ronald S. Haeberle–Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
Vietnamese citizens photographed during the My Lai Massacre, March 16, 1968

 Protesters demonstrating against the Vietnam War, New York City, April 27, 1968; AP

Protesters demonstrating against the Vietnam War, New York City, April 27, 1968

Creighton Abrams, U.S. commander in South Vietnam, speaking as Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson (centre) and his advisers listen, 1968; U.S. Department of Defense

Creighton Abrams, U.S. commander in South Vietnam, speaking as Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson (center) and his advisers listen, 1968

U.S. soldiers with helicopters and armoured personnel carriers north of Saigon, South Vietnam, 1969; TRH Pictures

U.S. soldiers with helicopters and armored personnel carriers north of Saigon, South Vietnam, 1969

Photo credits (from top): U.S. Navy photograph (top 2); U.S. Army photograph; Veterans History Project/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; Ronald S. Haeberle–Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; AP; U.S. Department of Defense; TRH Pictures

Battle of Long Tan

 

Long Tan Action, Vietnam, 18 August 1966. Bruce Fletcher, 1970. [Oil on canvas 152 x 175cm. AWM ART40758]
Long Tan Action, Vietnam, 18 August 1966. Bruce Fletcher, 1970. [Oil on canvas 152 x 175cm. AWM ART40758]

In May 1966 the first soldiers of the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (6RAR) arrived in South Vietnam; the rest followed in June. Within two months elements of the battalion found themselves engaged in one of the largest battles fought by Australians in the Vietnam War.

By August 1966 the Australian task force base at Nui Dat was only three months old. Concerned at the establishment of such a strong presence in their midst, the Viet Cong determined to inflict an early defeat on the Australians. In the days before the battle, radio signals indicated the presence of strong Viet Cong forces within 5 kilometres of the base but patrols found nothing. On the night of 16–17 August Nui Dat came under fire from mortars and recoilless rifles. The defenders stood to, expecting the barrage to be followed by an assault. None came. Searches of the area the next day located some of the sites from which mortars had been fired, but nothing else.

Patrols continued the following day, 18 August. D Company left the base at 11.15 that morning bound for the Long Tan rubber plantation. As they departed Nui Dat the sounds of a concert by Little Pattie, the Australian entertainer, reached their ears. They entered the Long Tan plantation at 3.15 that afternoon. Less than an hour later the Viet Cong attacked in force, putting the Australians under mortar, machine gun and small arms fire. Only the quick response of a New Zealand artillery battery to desperate calls for support saved D Company from annihilation.

Long Tan: the day after

  • Major Harry Smith from Queensland, Officer Commanding (OC) Delta Company 6RAR, holds a briefing in the field shortly before his company returned to Long Tan the day after the battle. [AWM FOR/66/0676/VN]
  • Exhausted members of 6RAR push through the scrub searching for retreating Viet Cong on the morning after the battle. [AWM CUN/66/0693/VN]
  • Private (Pte) Stan Hodder from Queensland; Pte Terry Burstall from Victoria and Pte Peter Dettman from NSW, all from D Company 6 RAR, take a break from gathering weapons left on the battlefield after the previous night’s fighting. [AWM FOR/66/0669/VN]
  • Armoured Personnel Carrier Commander, Lance Corporal Rex Warren from SA, watches for Viet Cong as he moves through the rubber plantation searching for the enemy, the day after the battle of Long Tan. [AWM CUN/66/0698/VN]
  • Private David Collins, 6RAR, guards a captured Viet Cong soldier found hiding on the battlefield the next day. [AWM FOR/66/0659/VN]
  • Troops of 6RAR fire an Armoured Personnel Carrier mounted mortar in the Long Tan area the day after the battle. [AWM CUN/66/0688/VN]
  • An Australian treats a wounded Viet Cong soldier, found on the battlefield the day after the battle. [AWM FOR/66/0660/VN]
  • Private (Pte) Jim Richmond, 11 Platoon, D Company, was one of two wounded Australians found 12 hours after the battle by members of his platoon. He had been shot twice through the chest and lay all night, face down, at his section post. Pte Richmond was air-lifted to Vung Tau and eventually medivaced to Australia. [AWM FOR/66/0664/VN]
  • A small, jagged and rusty shell splinter salvaged from the battlefield at Long Tan. [AWM REL33201]
  • Private Ken Meredith and a group of signallers wait for the order to return to base after the Long Tan battle. [AWM CUN/66/0704/VN]

Almost as soon as the battle began a torrential downpour added to the gloom in the rubber plantation. The Australians, surrounded, short of ammunition and fighting an enemy whose strength they could only guess at, called for helicopters to drop ammunition to them. Flying at tree-top height, braving the terrible weather and heavy Viet Cong fire, two RAAF helicopters located the beleaguered Australians and dropped boxes of ammunition and blankets for the wounded.

// Sketches detailing the movements of Australian and enemy troops during the Battle of Long Tan. [To Long Tan, Ian McNeill, Allen & Unwin in association with the Australian War Memorial, 1993]

The survivors of D Company along with accurate artillery fire from New Zealand’s 161 Field Battery as well as the Australian 103 and 105 Field batteries and a United States battery inflicted heavy losses on the Viet Cong. As the fighting continued Australian reinforcements were committed to the battle. B Company was on the way and A Company, loaded into Armoured Personnel Carriers of 3 Troop, 1 Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron, which fought its way into D Company just before 7 pm as daylight was fading. The Viet Cong had been massing for another assault but were forced to retreat into the plantation. They had suffered terrible casualties, but only when the Australians returned to the scene of battle the following morning did they realise the extent of the defeat that they had inflicted on the enemy. The Australians counted 245 enemy dead still in the plantation and surrounding jungle with evidence that others had already been removed from the battlefield. Captured documents and information from prisoners suggested that D Company had faced some 2,500 Viet Cong. Eighteen Australians were killed in the Battle of Long Tan and 24 wounded, all but one of the dead were from D Company.


 

   

vietnam war leaflet
 the 1969 leaflets  which picked them up off the ground the morning after the 1969 Mother’s Day battle at LZ Oasis, Central Highlands, Republic of Vietnam.
   
GI’S !
1969 enemy propaganda leaflet from LZ Oasis
   
American officers and men
VC/NVA propaganda leaflet Back of enemy leaflet from the Vietnam War
 
 
 
 
 

October 30, 1968

  • At approximatively 0200 hours, the U.S 173d Airborne Brigade Base Camp at An Khe in Binh Dinh Province received an unreported number of 82mm mortar rounds followed with a light ground probe by an unknown-size enemy force employing small arms and automatic weapons fire. Artillery and Air Force AC-47 gunship engaged the suspected enemy postions & withdrawal routes with unknown results.

 

In November 1971, the Australian 4RAR and Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment flags at Nui Dat base were lowered for the last time by New Zealand Regimental Policeman Private Tai Whatu and Australian Regimental Policeman Private John Skennar of Grafton, NSW. [AWM CUN/71/0536/VN]
In November 1971, the Australian 4RAR and Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment flags at Nui Dat base were lowered for the last time by New Zealand Regimental Policeman Private Tai Whatu and Australian Regimental Policeman Private John Skennar of Grafton, NSW. [AWM CUN/71/0536/VN]

The Tet offensive of February 1968 is regarded as a turning point in the Vietnam War. The Viet Cong mounted a series of attacks on major centres throughout South Vietnam. Although the Viet Cong suffered enormous losses, it was a psychological and propaganda victory for them. Surprised at the Viet Cong’s ability to orchestrate such major attacks across the country, including an assault on the American embassy, many in the United States began to disbelieve assurances that the war was being won.

The fallout from Tet also led the United States President, Lyndon Johnson, to announce that he would not seek re-election. He was succeeded by Richard Nixon who won office in November 1968. In 1969 Nixon announced that the withdrawal of American troops was a priority. In a policy known as ‘Vietnamisation’ the number of United States combat troops was gradually reduced and their places were taken by soldiers in an expanded South Vietnamese army. But the United States continued to provide assistance by supplying weapons, further training for the South Vietnamese army, and naval and aerial support for South Vietnamese soldiers on operations.

  • Major Gordon Brown, AATTV, of Victoria, and Vietnamese women stand before rotting clothing found in a mass grave near Nam Hoa. The remains of more than 200 victims of the Viet Cong during the 1968 Tet Offensive were found in the grave. October 1969. [AWM EKN/69/0121/VN] I was instructed to visit Nam Hoa District village to ascertain whether it was a fact that the remains of some of the victims of the Tet massacre in 1968 had been found. I cannot, in words, describe the scene that confronted me when I arrived at that place. Approximately a thousand bodies had been retrieved and placed in Nam Hoa Village… In front of the shrine was a large open space where skeletons were laid on plastic for identification. It was a devastating sight. [Warrant Officer Don Killion in Bruce Davies and Gary McKay, The Men Who Persevered, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, 2005 p 164]
  • South Vietnamese soldiers receive instructions on loading an M79 grenade launcher from Private (Pte) Ron Jones of WA, B Company 6RAR. September 1969. [AWM EKN/69/0098/VN].
  • Three Australian advisers assist an ARVN soldier to conduct a security check on a local villager during a combined 6RAR/NZ-ARVN shakedown operation. [L-R] Private (Pte) John Stickland of Vic; Corporal Chris Gannon of Qld; Pte Peter Simpson of NSW, September 1969. [AWM Bel/69/0664/VN]
  • ARVN troops celebrate the completion of their weapons training with 5RAR at the Horseshoe, 1970. [Image courtesy of Mos Hancock]  …it very simply wasn’t finished the way it should have been. I’m not saying we should have won. That would have been preferable of course to losing, but the way it was done was a heap of shit because we left many, many good South Vietnamese people in the lurch and it was like turning your back on your best mate and walking away. It shouldn’t have happened. That is politics though… Nothing to do with us, but it left a very nasty, dirty taste in a lot of people’s mouths. It still does. [Corporal Anthony Hughes, 7RAR, quoted in Michael Caulfield, The Vietnam Years, Hachette Australia, 2007 p 434. (Drawing on interview no 2093 in the Australians at War Film Archive)]
  • Lighters packed with 3RAR vehicles approach HMAS Sydney, at Vung Tau. The departure of 3RAR troops and vehicles was the first major move in the withdrawal of the Australian forces from South Vietnam, 6 October 1971. [AWM FOD/71/0507/VN]
  • Members of 4RAR/NZ (Anzac) leaving Nui Dat for Vung Tau inside a RAAF Iroquois helicopter. Other troops in 4RAR were transported by road convoys and with RAAF Caribou aircraft, ending their combat role in South Vietnam, 1971. [AWM CUN/71/0538/VN]
  • Australian Task Force Commander Colonel Phillip Greville receives an award from the mayor of Vung Tau, Nguyen Van Tinh, during a parade to farewell the Australian forces from South Vietnam, June 1972. [AWM FOD/72/0044/VN]
  • The Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) flew out of Vietnam in a RAAF Hercules aircraft on 18 December 1972. Brigadier Ian Geddes from NSW, Commander Australian Army Assistance Group Vietnam (COMAAAGV), farewells Warrant Officer 2 John Gordon from Qld, Regimental Sergeant Major of the AATTV. [AWM P01011.061]
  • ‘Moment of Truth’. A North Vietnamese tank rolling through the Presidential palace gates in Saigon, 1975. Thomas de Kessler, 2000. [Pen and black ink on paper 7.3 x 11 cm, AWM ART91468] We knew one day we would be overrun – but we did not know what day.  Many felt that it would happen in 1973, after the signing of the Paris Peace Accords, so we had some luck that it lasted till 1975. [Van Nhung Tran quoted in Michael Caulfield, The Vietnam Years, Hachette Australia, 2007 p 423. (Drawing on interview no (tba) in the Australians at War Film Archive)]

Tet had had its effect. In May 1968, just 4 months later, peace talks attended by representatives of North and South Vietnam, the Viet Cong and the United States, opened in Paris. Australia’s Government, having followed the United States lead in Vietnam, was now in the position of having to also enunciate a strategy for withdrawal. In April 1970 the Australian Prime Minister, John Gorton, announced that the 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (8RAR) would not be replaced when its tour of Vietnam ended in November. This followed a United States Government announcement that more than 180,000 Americans would be withdrawn and, more importantly, that a complete American withdrawal would follow.

5RAR troops led by Corporal John Hinchey, instruct ARVN soldiers on the use of the M60 at the Horseshoe, 1970. [Image courtesy of Mos Hancock]
5RAR troops led by Corporal John Hinchey, instruct ARVN soldiers on the use of the M60 at the Horseshoe, 1970. [Image courtesy of Mos Hancock]

Vietnamisation meant that the Army of the Republic of South Vietnam (ARVN) would double in size, necessitating additional military trainers and resulting in an expanded role for the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) whose numbers increased in the final phase of the war. However, the ARVN was ill-equipped and unable to match the North Vietnamese Army in the field. Early in 1971 Australia’s Joint Intelligence Organisation, reporting on the progress of Vietnamisation, described the ARVN as ‘uneven in quality’ and suffering from poor leadership. Australian military officials in Phuoc Tuy and Saigon reported that the local ARVN would meet significant difficulties once the Australian Task Force’s battalions left. To add to the gloomy outlook, few South Vietnamese had any confidence in their own government which was regarded as corrupt and incompetent.

The biggest mistake was the failure to go about a fair dinkum approach of boosting the South Vietnamese Army in the early stages, giving them a fair allocation of helicopters and artillery and the like, and above all else comprehensive training. Subsequently, after the Tet Offensive in 1968 and after President Nixon replaced President Johnson in early 1969, the catch-cry went up that ‘Vietnamisation would turn things around’ and a huge effort was attempted, finally, to boost the South Vietnamese Army. It was too little, too late.’

[Tim Fischer, 1 RAR in Vietnam: our war – our peace, Department of Veterans’ Affairs, pp. 128-129]

// The last Australian troops to leave 1ATF Nui Dat, October/November 1971. [AWM CUN/71/0539/VN; FOD/71/0513/VN]

Australia’s last two battalions to serve in Vietnam, the 3rd and 4th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment (3RAR and 4RAR) arrived in 1971. In August that year the Prime Minister, Billy McMahon, announced that the remainder of the Task Force would be withdrawn at the end of 1971. 3RAR returned home in October 1971 followed in December by 4RAR and the Royal Australian Air force’s No. 9 Squadron. Some logistics personnel and the last of No. 35 Squadron’s Caribou aircraft left early in 1972.

Second Lieutenant Bill Denny, 86 Transport Platoon, RAASC, was with one of the last Australian units to leave Vietnam in February 1972.

We were going home… Walking through empty buildings, this seemed a special moment in time – doors banging in the wind and the base eerily deserted. Vietnamese workers were crying and distressed. I lied to them, reassuring them that we would be back ‘if the VC come’. As it turned out, the Viet Cong did come – four weeks later – but we were never going to go back. I never really got over the friends I lost in Vietnam, nor the desertion of those we had so comprehensively fought to support and protect. The last of us formed the final convoy and headed down to De Long Pier, then by landing craft out to HMAS Sydney.

[ Bill Denny, in Vietnam: our war – our peace, Department of Veterans’ Affairs, 2006 pp 48-49 ]

Baria – Vung Tau 2008

  • Nui Dat today seen from the side of SAS hill. [Image courtesy of John Newman]
  • There are few signs of the former Australian base. [Image courtesy of John Newman]
  • Looking up to SAS hill from above Kangaroo Pad. [Image courtesy of John Newman]
  • The remains of the runway at Luscombe Field. [Image courtesy of John Newman]
  • The site of the former 1ALSG base at Vung Tau. [Image courtesy of John Newman]

In April Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army forces launched an offensive across the South. United States airpower, rather than the ARVN, stopped the North Vietnamese. A massive United States bombing campaign against the North followed in December 1972. In 1975, when the North Vietnamese Army again launched a major offensive against the South, the ARVN forces, this time without United States air support or supplies, were overwhelmed. South Vietnam descended into chaos as civilians fled and thousands of ARVN troops and officers deserted. RAAF personnel returned to Vietnam during these fraught days to help evacuate civilians and transport humanitarian supplies.  They counted among their number the last Australian service personnel to leave Vietnam.  The South capitulated in late April 1975, bringing the war in Vietnam to an end and ushering in an era of Communist rule.

Officers and Men of the 1st Air Cav Div
Tom Hatfield found this leaflet on an artillery hipshoot in Binh Dinh Province, probably west of Bong Song, circa August 1969.
   
             

Officers and Men Officers and Men in Vietnamese

   

   

ARVN safe conduct pass
ARVN safe-conduct pass Back of ARVN safe-conduct pass

    

US Artillery poster from 1971
Pacification poster from 1971
“RESPONSIVE FIELD ARTILLERY HAS BEEN
THE MAIN STAY OF THE VIETNAM PACIFICATION
EFFORT. THE DETERMINING FACTOR IS THE
CONFIDENCE OF THE POPULATION THAT FIRE
SUPPORT CAN BE OBTAINED ANY TIME,
DAY OR NIGHT, GOOD WEATHER OR BAD.”
Lieutenant General A. S. Collins, Jr.

 

About the tank:

Centurion 169056 was purchased from the UK as a new Mk3 in the early 1950s. It was converted to a Mk5 and later Mk5/1 in the 1960s. The tank was sent to South Vietnam in Sept/October 1970 aboard a Landing Ship Medium (LSM). Initially given the squadron call sign 92C, Centurion 169056 later became part of 5 Troop with call sign 5 Bravo (5B).

It took part in Operation ‘Hermit Park’ in June 1971 when the barrel was struck by a round from an enemy anti-tank weapon (RPG), wounding the driver.

Centurion in VietnamCenturion in Vietnam FOD/71/0305/VN
Vietnam War
Indiana Rangers: The Army Guard In Vietnam

 

US ARMY Home and in the field during Vietnam War  
 

USMC – 1956

Marines Vietnam
Unit Name: USMC Recruit Training Ctr., SC
Base Name: Parris Island
USMC Paris Island SC, 1956 Plt. 15
Picture taken in United States
Picture taken in South Carolina
 

Instructor School 1961 – 1961

Marines Vietnam
Unit Name: Technical Training Center
Base Name: MAD NATC Millington
Graduating Instructor Training at NATC Millington, TN
Picture taken in United States
Picture taken in Tennessee
 

Vietnam 68 Hobo Woods – 1968

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: Bravo Co 1/28th 1st Inf Div
Hot LZ Hobo Woods Vietnam
Picture taken in Vietnam  

MAG 12, 1st MAW, Chu Lai – 1966

Marines Vietnam
 
Col. Les Brown (CO, 5th man sitting from left); Lt. Col. Rex Wilson (EXC., 6th man sitting from left) April 6, 1966
Picture taken in Vietnam  

Westmoreland in Vietnam – 1966

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: 85th Evacuation Hospital
General Westmoreland visiting 85th Evac Hospital in Qui Nhon in August
Picture taken in Vietnam  

Vietnam – Da Nang – 1971

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: Hq & Hq Co XXIV Corps
Mike Campbell
Picture taken in Vietnam  

82 airborne,1968.david – 1968

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: 82ND AIRBORNE
Base Name: ?
david ,82nd airborne,1st/508 and 325 art.
   

Bunker – 1967

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: 37TH SIGNAL BATTALION
Base Name: Danang
Sgt. Larry Matthews beside bunker
Picture taken in Vietnam  

Switchboard – 1967

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: 37TH SIGNAL BATTALION
Base Name: Danang
Long Distance Switchboard- Danang Army Base
Picture taken in Vietnam  

Austin – 1967

Army Vietnam
Unit Name: 37TH SIGNAL BATTALION
Base Name: Danang
Ray Watkins(left), Frank Austin(middle), & Jim Murzasko(right
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2 responses to “Driwan Vietnam War Cybermuseum:”The Vietnam War 1965-1975 Collections”

  1. constantinescu mihai

    i sell one timber vietnam dan chu cong hoa voi keo go, from 1973 the timber is in excelent shape is with one man on top of an elephant is number 12 plese send me a mail if you are interstead i can send you a photo of the timber, CONSTANTINESCU.MIHAI28@YAHOO.COM

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