Koleksi Filateli,Numismatik dan illustrasi Gambar sejarah Indonesia era Hindia Belanda 1864-1889

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Koleksi Filateli,Numismatik dan Illustrasi Gambar Sejarah indonesia era Hindia Belanda1830 to 1910:

(Map)

A.Table of content

I.The part One 1830-1863

II.The Part Two 1864-1890

III. The Part Three 1891-1910

B. Koleksi Filateli,Numismatik dan illustrasi Gambar Sejarah indonesia Era Hindia Belanda Bagian kedua  1864-1890

 

I.Introduction Karya Tulis Ini disusun berdasarkan koleksi :

(1.)Imperialisme Belanda Di indonesia  1815-1870

(2) SejarahTentara KNIL  1830–1942

 

Artillery of the Royal Dutch East India Army in 1896.

Cavalry of the Royal Dutch East India Army in 1906 during the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906).

(3.)Postal histori abad ke 19

(a) Pre Stamped Era Before 1864

(b) Stamp Era post Starting From 1864 when the first DEI Stamp issued.

 (4).Sejarah Meterai Indonesia abad ke 19 

 

2)The Revenue Order in 19th Century

THE ORDER(ORDONASI) OF NED.INDIE(DEI) REVENUE: 1.Ordonasi Revenue 1817-1885,After the 80 th year war, the revenue tax still exist which never in the same type. from Nederland the regulation bring to Indonesia.the oldest regulation in 19th century was “de heffing van recht van the kleine zegel van 1817′(Thre order of samll revenue stamped of 1817).the revenue depend on the type of the agreement on the acta, the reality this was the cost of subscribed.This regulation difficult to action and in 1885 had changed with the new order.2.

3.) ORDONASI  
 

(c) Revenue Oost East Indie

(c1)Type one

(1)  overprint 10 cent

 THE OVERPRINT 10 CENT  ON THE FIRST REVENUE FIVE CENT(EMERGENCY REVENUE)

10.5.1893
 

(c) Revenue Ned.Indie 1899-1900

3)THE 10 CENT PLAKZEGEL VAN NEDERLANSCHE INDIE
(1)  6.5.1899(earliest date)

 

II.Koleksi disusun secara Kronologis Part I 1830-1863

III.Koleksi Disusn secara Kronologis Bagian Kedua  1864-1889

1864

KNIL expedition to Sintang west borneo and Marahunu

  April 1First Netherlands Indies postage stamp is issued.Dutch experiment with rubber cultivation in Java and Sumatra.Dutch claim Mentawai Islands.The last Sultan of Siak abdicates.
First Netherlands Indies postage stamp, 1864 Postal stamped Franco were used.

1865

  Compulsory cultivation of tea, cinnamon, cochineal and indigo ends.Dutch introduce tobacco to Deli and northern Sumatra.Dutch institute direct rule in the Sultanate of Asahan in northern Sumatra and remove the Sultan to Riau.New forestry laws and regulations are introduced.
The Raja of Buleleng on Bali, in an 1865 photo.

 

1866

Half round postal stamped were used at 58 post office in DEI

  Compulsory tobacco cultivation ends.Netherlands Indies institutes direct rule on Sumba. KNIL expedition to Pasuma near Palembang and Ceram Island Molucca.              .  

 

                  .               .                          

1877

  Hamengkubuwono VII becomes Sultan of Yogya. After this point, the Nederlands-Indië government operates at a loss.

1878

  Compulsory sugar and coffee cultivation starts to be eliminated.Expedition under Gen. Van der Heijden burns 500 villages in Aceh to the ground.Teungku Cik di Tiro, an Islamic ulama, starts leading the resistance in Aceh.
Teungku Cik di Tiro

1879

  R. A. Kartini born at Jepara.Coca cultivation is introduced on Java.
Raden Adjeng Kartini
R. A. Kartini is remembered today for her collected letters, works of high literary quality. Far ahead of her time, Kartini was an early advocate both for Indonesia and for the interests of women everywhere.

1880

  Rail line completed from Batavia to Bandung.Koelie Ordonnantie (“Coolie Ordinance”) specifies the law of employment contracts: employers must provide adequate housing and medical care, workers are bound to a plantation only for the duration of the contract. Contracts must be signed before a magistrate, and can be disputed in court.First condensed milk in cans is imported from Australia. The legal reforms of this period meant that feudal rights and privileges of the nobility were cancelled. The average person won a few freedoms, but many changes simply meant that power passed from traditional rulers to Dutch o

1867

KNIL expedition to Mandar Celebes

  Gunung Merapi erupts near Yogya; 1000 are killed.”Accountability Law” prescribes that the finances of the Netherlands Indies should be separate from those of the Netherlands.Netherlands Indies Department of Education is organized.
Mangkunegara IV is remembered for his promotion of traditional Javanese culture, philosophy, and mysticism, especially in his literary works.

1868

  Dutch tighten control over Bengkulu.KNIL expedition on Riot at Bali

1869

  1/3 of the population of Savu dies from smallpox.Aceh appeals to the Ottoman Empire for protection.Deli Maatschappij is founded by private

1864

KNIL expedition to Sintang west borneo and Marahunu

  April 1First Netherlands Indies postage stamp is issued.Dutch experiment with rubber cultivation in Java and Sumatra.Dutch claim Mentawai Islands.The last Sultan of Siak abdicates.
First Netherlands Indies postage stamp, 1864

1870

the third series Willem III of DEI stamps were issued

  Minahasa area comes under direct Dutch rule.Sultan Mahmud Syah rules Aceh until 1874.Sugar Act begins a period of agricultural reform.Coffee blight afflicts Java.Regular steamship service to the Netherlands through the Suez canal begins.
Street vendor in Batavia selling soup, about 1870

1871

KNIL expedition on Riot at Pekalongan

  Agrarian Act encourages privatization of agriculture, starts to dismantle many practices of the “culture system”.Smallpox kills 18,000 in Bali.Telegraph cable is laid from Banyuwangi, Java to Australia.November Treaty of Sumatra between British and Dutch: Dutch give Gold Coast to British; Dutch may send contract labor from India to Dutch Guiana; Dutch get free hand in Sumatra, British and Dutch both have trade rights in Aceh. Effect of this treaty: there is no more foreign objection to the Dutch taking Aceh.
A Bugis house, rebuilt for the Colonial Exposition in Amsterdam, 1883.

 

   

1872

KNIL expedition on entanglament at Deli

  Batak war begins in north Sumatra, lasting until 1895.

1873

KNIL first and secong expediton to Aceh and Aceh war begin.

Sulatn Muhammad Amiril Kaharuddin dari Kerajaan Bulungan Kaliman Timur mengambil alih kembali kekuasaan dari putranya Sultan Muhammad Djalaludin.

  January 25Emissary from Aceh holds talks with the American consul in Singapore, but USA help is rejected by Washington. The Dutch respond with war.March 26Dutch bombard Banda Aceh.April 8Dutch land troops at Banda Aceh.April 25Acehnese force the Dutch to withdraw.Sultan of Kutai signs a treaty recognizing the Dutch.Assam tea plants from India are introduced to replace Chinese tea plants, which had been disappointing. Tea production starts to rise.First railways are built on Java.November 11 Dutch invade Aceh again, and maintain their positions, but would sustain heavy losses due to disease.
     

 

    .        

1875

  The Netherlands Indies, Australia, and Germany set a boundary between their claims on New Guinea.
Palace guards for the Sultan of Ternate, 1875.

1876

  Introduction of rubber cultivation to Java.Baba Hassan leads revolt on Halmahera.  

1877

  Hamengkubuwono VII becomes Sultan of Yogya. After this point, the Nederlands-Indië government operates at a loss.

1878

  Compulsory sugar and coffee cultivation starts to be eliminated.Expedition under Gen. Van der Heijden burns 500 villages in Aceh to the ground.Teungku Cik di Tiro, an Islamic ulama, starts leading the resistance in Aceh.
Teungku Cik di Tiro

1879

  R. A. Kartini born at Jepara.Coca cultivation is introduced on Java.
Raden Adjeng Kartini
R. A. Kartini is remembered today for her collected letters, works of high literary quality. Far ahead of her time, Kartini was an early advocate both for Indonesia and for the interests of women everywhere.

1880

  Rail line completed from Batavia to Bandung.Koelie Ordonnantie (“Coolie Ordinance”) specifies the law of employment contracts: employers must provide adequate housing and medical care, workers are bound to a plantation only for the duration of the contract. Contracts must be signed before a magistrate, and can be disputed in court.First condensed milk in cans is imported from Australia. The legal reforms of this period meant that feudal rights and privileges of the nobility were cancelled. The average person won a few freedoms, but many changes simply meant that power passed from traditional rulers to Dutch o

1874

the point postal stamped begin to used in this year at 120 post office,every office have their own number the rare one  74 kota boemi,78 seblat,79 mokko mokko,100 langkat,111 kalianda,112 goenoeng toewa and 114 Rantau Prapat.

  January 24 Rakyat aceg meninggalkan  Banda Aceh dan mundur ke gunung dan Pemerintah Hindia belanda mengumumkan bahwa kerajaan aceh telah berakhir. .Sultan Mahmud Syah dari Aceh meninggal dihutan; Sultan Ibrahim Mansur Syah naik tahta di gunung sampai 1907. Teuku Umar memimpin agnkatan Perang aceh. expedisi tentara Hindia Belanda ke Flores.Pemerintah mengirim utusan resmi ke pulau Aru.
Teuku Umar pada pertengahan 1880  would briefly switch sides in the Aceh war. This sort of behavior lessened the reputation of the nobility in Aceh among the common

Sultan Kerajaan Bulungan Kalimantan Timur , Muhammad Amiril Kaharuddin mangkat, putranya sultan Kaharuddin II naik Tahta.

  .  

1875

KNIL expedition on riot at ceram

  The Netherlands Indies, Australia, and Germany set a boundary between their claims on New Guinea.
Palace guards for the Sultan of Ternate, 1875.
     

1876

KNIL expedition to Siak sumatra.

  Introduction of rubber cultivation to Java.Baba Hassan leads revolt on Halmahera.

 

1877

KNIL expedition to langsar,riot at celebes and revolt at Krawang.

  Hamengkubuwono VII becomes Sultan of Yogya.1877

King Si Singamangaraja XII declared war on the Netherlands. Then he runs the war against the Netherlands for 3 decades.
After this point, the Nederlands-Indië government operates at a loss.        

 

  R. A. Kartini born at Jepara.Coca cultivation is introduced on Java.
Raden Adjeng Kartini
R. A. Kartini is remembered today for her collected letters, works of high literary quality. Far ahead of her time, Kartini was an early advocate both for Indonesia and for the interests of women everywhere.

1880

  Rail line completed from Batavia to Bandung.Koelie Ordonnantie (“Coolie Ordinance”) specifies the law of employment contracts: employers must provide adequate housing and medical care, workers are bound to a plantation only for the duration of the contract. Contracts must be signed before a magistrate, and can be disputed in court.First condensed milk in cans is imported from Australia. The legal reforms of this period meant that feudal rights and privileges of the nobility were cancelled. The average person won a few freedoms, but many changes simply meant that power passed from traditional rulers to Dutch

1878

KNIL expedition to Silindung

  Compulsory sugar and coffee cultivation starts to be eliminated.Expedition under Gen. Van der Heijden burns 500 villages in Aceh to the ground.Teungku Cik di Tiro, an Islamic ulama, starts leading the resistance in Aceh.
Teungku Cik di Tiro

1879

  R. A. Kartini born at Jepara.Coca cultivation is introduced on Java.
Raden Adjeng Kartini
R. A. Kartini is remembered today for her collected letters, works of high literary quality. Far ahead of her time, Kartini was an early advocate both for Indonesia and for the interests of women everywhere.
      power passed from traditional rulers to

1880

  Rail line completed from Batavia to Bandung.Koelie Ordonnantie (“Coolie Ordinance”) specifies the law of employment contracts: employers must provide adequate housing and medical care, workers are bound to a plantation only for the duration of the contract. Contracts must be signed before a magistrate, and can be disputed in court.First condensed milk in cans is imported from Australia.

 

1881

  Minahasa chiefs are made salaried officials of the Netherlands Indies.Mangkunegara IV passes away. In the early 1880s, a resident of Kudus named Haji Jamahri took up the habit of mixing cloves into a hand-rolled cigarette to relieve the symptoms of asthma. This was the origin of the “kretek” or clove cigarette. Commercial manufacture of kretek, however, would not start in earnest until the 1930s.     .  

 

  .  

 

             

1886

  Modern harbor is built at Tanjung Priok, Batavia (today’s Jakarta).  

1887

  Sultans of Madura have been reduced to bupati status.Economic depression in Java.  

1888

  Earthquake hits Bali.Dutch Resident in Surakarta takes control of the finances of the Mangkunegara house.Revolt in Banten led by the Qadiriyya order.North Borneo (Sabah) becomes a British protectorate.Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij is founded as the major inter-island shipping and passenger line. On Java in this period, there were over 80 local rulers keeping the title of “Sultan”, “Susuhunan” or “Bupati” ruling in theory, while the Dutch held the real power.The status of Sabah or North Borneo went back and forth between 1865 and 1888, as different colonial interests bought and sold claims to the territory. The eventual winner was the British North Borneo company, but the confusion over claims to the area would reappear during the creation of Malaysia in the 1960s.

1890

  Zijlker founds company that would become Royal Dutch Shell.Dutch expedition against Flores.Netherlands Indies introduces a property tax.

1882

  Netherlands Indies institutes direct rule in Buleleng and Jembrana on Bali.Netherlands Indies takes control of Karangasem and Gianyar on Bali. Bali and Lombok become a single Residency; the rajas of south Bali are unhappy, but continue to fight among themselves.Aru and Tanimbar islands come under Dutch administration.August 6Tjokroaminoto born.Sugar blight hits Java.Dutch military expedition on Seram.Oil found around Kutai on Kalimantan.Islamic courts are given limited authority on Java (“Priesterraden”). Their jurisdiction is limited to family law.          

1883

  Sisingamangaraja XII is expelled from the Batak region.Krakatau erupts; 36,000 are killed in West Java and Lampung.A. J. Zijlker gets approval from Dutch to start drilling for oil in Langkat, north Sumatra.Revolt in favor of Pangeran Suryengalaga fails in Yogya.
Musicians from Java at the Colonial Exposition in Amsterdam, 1883.

1884

In that war,the king of Battaks si singamangaraja was working with sseveral Commanders in Aceh and West sumatra, the most succeessful attack happened at the Stone States in 1884

  Guerilla war heats up in Aceh. Dutch build “Geconcentreerde Linie” in Aceh: a series of 16 forts designed to contain guerillas.Dutch institute direct rule in Deli.Communications services are consolidated by the government into PTT (Post Telegraaf Telefoon).
Dutch-led troops in Aceh stand over the bodies of guerilla fighters. Many of the common soldiers in the Netherlands Indies forces were not Dutch, but were recruited from Java, Sulawesi, and other parts of Indonesia.The Netherlands Indies government-run PTT would become the ancestor of Indonesia’s state-run phone companies after independence, and today’s Telkom.
     

1885

REVENUE ORDONASI 1885

Peraturan meterai pajak 1817 diganti dengan yang baru

  Sultan of Asahan is returned from exile to his territory to rule for the Dutch.Dutch institute direct rule in Madura.Persons of Chinese descent in the Netherlands Indies are classified as “Europeans” for purposes of commercial law only.

1886

Dutch East Indie Postal stationer willem III green card send from  Loemadjang to Soerabaia via Probolinggo

  Modern harbor is built at Tanjung Priok, Batavia (today’s Jakarta).                 .

 

1887

  Sultans of Madura have been reduced to bupati status.Economic depression in Java.         .

1888

2.11.1888

2.11.1888  meterai Hindia Belanda pertama  (Ned Ost Indie)  5 cent , pengunaan paling lambat  tahun 1889
 

 1889

Sulan Kaharuddin II dari Kerajaan Bulungan di Kalimantan Timur berakhir kekuasaannya tahun ini.

  Earthquake hits Bali.Dutch Resident in Surakarta takes control of the finances of the Mangkunegara house.Revolt in Banten led by the Qadiriyya order.North Borneo (Sabah) becomes a British protectorate.Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij is founded as the major inter-island shipping and passenger line. On Java in this period, there were over 80 local rulers keeping the title of “Sultan”, “Susuhunan” or “Bupati” ruling in theory, while the Dutch held the real power.The status of Sabah or North Borneo went back and forth between 1865 and 1888, as different colonial interests bought and sold claims to the territory. The eventual winner was the British North Borneo company, but the confusion over claims to the area would reappear during the creation of Malaysia in the 1960s.

 

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

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2 responses to “Koleksi Filateli,Numismatik dan illustrasi Gambar sejarah Indonesia era Hindia Belanda 1864-1889

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