Early Mail Postal history
As The Historical Fact
Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA
E-Book In CD-ROM of the Dr iwan Suwandy ‘s Early Mail Postal History Covers Collections Study Report to prove the correlation with the history.
Limited Private edition
Only ten CD-ROM
Jakarta April 2012
I thank the almighty blessing for this study can be completed according to plan.
This study to prove that the collection covers the post is a testament to historical fact.
Materials research is a collection of postal history and some of my own personal collection of well-known collector who this year are sold in the international sale of auction catalogs are displayed in the Internet blog sites.
I realize this research is still needed rudimentary comments, corrections and additional information collectors and historians dadri senior international.
Thanks to my loving wife Lily and the entire family to support this research, especially my son and Alberft and Alice-in-law, Anton and Greece.
I dedicate this study to the next generation in general and especially for my grandchildren Cesa, Celine and Antoni hopefully a time they can read the results of this study and to absorb its meaning, this is the inheritance from your grandfather.
Jakarta April 2012
Saya mengucap syukur kepada yang mahakuasa berkat bantuannyanya penelitin ini dapat selesai sesuai dengan rencana.
Penelitian ini untuk membuktikan bahwa koleksi sampul kiriman pos merupakan bukti fakta sejarah.
Bahan penelitian adalah koleksi postal history milik saya pribadi dan beberapa koleksi dari kolektor terkenal yang tahun ini banyak dijual dalam lelangan international dari catalog lelangan yang ditampilkan dalam situs blog internet.
Saya menyadari penelitian ini belum sempurna masih diperlukan komentar,koreksi serta tambahan informasi dadri para kolektor dan sejarawan senior internasional.
Terima kasih kepada isteri tercintaa Lily dan seluruh keluarga yang mendukung penelitian ini, khususnya putra dan mantu saya Alberft dan Alice, Anton dan Greece.
Penelitian ini saya dedikasikan untuk para generasi penerus umumnya dan khususnya bagi cucu saya Cesa,Celine dan Antoni semoga suatu waktu mereka dapat membaca hasil penelitian ini dan dapat menyerap maknanya,inilah pusaka dari kakekmu.
Jakarta April 2012
Top of Form
Postal cover collection of the earliest ever found it can be used as evidence of the history associated with the current situation is like my collection of personal letters sent from CARDIZ to MADRID SPAIN 18158
Cardiz BY CITY HISTORY IS IN PORT TERKEANAL Spain, and from this port all ships leaving for America, including the first trip of Columbus and in this letter in tell the story about a well-known in the UK. Special I have written about Columbus in the E-Book CD-ROM preformance of its own.
Old Pos cover the most I have ever met is someone sent from the city Vensia years and was in the year 1419 began to develop into the kingdom of the famous and have something to do with the war with Hungary and Croatia in order to master the Dalmatian coast and Ottoman Turkey, this story has become even Games are a very interesting game.
The earliest postmark found on 17 October 1459 from Milan courier related to the history of the city of Milan as well as the establishment of Milan cathedral with paintings inside, and the governor of Milan, Sela8initu also the frame on the letter by the brother of Anna Boleyn, Queen Ana Boleyn was the wife of King Henry VIII and Queen Mother Elizabeth Iyang very terkeanl (on the history I have created this E-Book on CD-ROM separately titled British History Collections)
Is someone who is very interesting letter from the Holy Roman Emperor (The Holy Roman Emparie) Emperor LEOPOLD I, 1693
There are many other historical evidence from this collection of postal history.
Hopefully the collectors can enjoy the results of this study, and so historians can use this study to conduct further research.
I prepare for this study as an ingredient in the inaugural dijatikan sya when there is the university that conferred the degree of Doctor Hanuiris say movement, I expect this is going to happen, and this is my very diingikan ssaran may be granted thanks to the Almighty all readers prayer.
Menartik not, please read further.
Part of the proceeds will peneliatian I made an example on my web blog
Hhtp / http://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com
While the CD-ROM complete with a special illustration for premium members present for the blog and sponsoring the University pihat me and also for my family.
Jakarta 1 April 2012
Dr Iwan Suwandy, MHA
Koleksi sampul pos paling awal yang pernah ditemui ternyata dapat dijadikan bukti sejarah yang terkait dengan situasi saat tersebut seperti koleksi saya pribadi surat yang dikirim dari CARDIZ ke MADRID SPANYOL tahun 1818.
KOTA cardiz MENURUT SEJARAH ADALAH PELABUHAN TERKEANAL DI Spanyol,dan dari pelabuhan inilah semua kapal-kapal berangkat menuju Amerika termasuk perjalanan pertama oleh Colombus dan pada surat ini di cetitakan tentang seorang yang terkenal di Inggris. Khusss tentang Colombus telah saya tulis dalam E-Book dalm CD-ROM tersendiri.
Sampul Pos yang paling Tua yang pernah saya temui adlah dikirim dari kota Vensia tahun 1419 dan ternyata pada tahun tersebut mulai berkembang menjadi kerajaan yang terkenal dan ada hubungannya dengan perang dengan Hongaria dan Croatia dalam rangka menguasi pantai Dalmatian serta Turkey Ottoman,kisah ini malah sudah dijadikan sebuah permainan Games yang sangat menarik.
Stempel pos yang paling awal ditemui pada tanggal 17 oktober 1459 dari kurir Milan yang terkait dengan sejarah kota Milan serta seperti pendirian cathedral Milan dengan lukisan didalamnya dan gubernur kota Milan , Sela8initu juga surat yang dikiri oleh saudara Anna Boleyn, Ratu Ana Boleyn adalah isteri Raja Henry VIII dan Ibu ratu Elizabeth Iyang sangat terkeanl(mengenai sejarah ini sudah saya buat E-Book dalam CD-ROM tersendiri berjudul British History Collections)
Yang sangat Menarik adlah Surat dari Kaisar kerajaan Romawi suci(The Holy roman Emparie) Kaisar LEOPOLD I , 1693
Masih banyak lagi bukti sejarah diperoleh dari koleksi postal histori ini.
Semoga para kolektor dapat menikmati hasil penelitian ini,dan begitu juga para ahli sejarah dapat memanfaatkan penelitian ini untuk melakukan penelitian lebih lanjut.
Penelitian ini saya persiapkan untuk dijatikan sebagai bahan pada pengukuhan sya saat ada pihak universitas yang menganugerahkan say gelar Doktor Hanuiris Kausa, saya harapkan benar ini bakal terjadi,dan ini merupakan ssaran saya yang sangat diingikan semoga dapat dikabulkan yang MAHAKUASA berkat doa pembaca semuanya.
Menartik bukan,silahkan membacanya lebih lanjut.
Sebagian hasil peneliatian akan saya jadikan contoh di web blog saya
Sedangkan CD-ROM yang lengkap dengan illustrasi khusus untuk anggota premium blog dan hadiah buat pihat Universitas yang mensponsori saya dan juga untuk keluarga saya.
Jakarta 1 April 2012
Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA
THE STUDY REPORT
Early postal markings
1419 FROM VENICE TO AFRICA, remarkable early letter written in Latin, folded to minute size and then pierced through and sealed with string through all portions for security, with the string secured by wafer and impressed seal (probably of the merchant’s guild), one small portion with blurring and discoloration which might be evidence of disinfection with vinegar, fine showpiece £300.00
Venice: From Mare Nostra to Terraferma, from Republic to Empire
Venice begins as a large but vulnerable overseas empire. It is locked in a war against Hungary and Croatia
THE HUNGARIAN HUSSAR CAVALRY
Polish hussars became heavy cavalry in 2nd half of XVI century, in the previous period they (and their predecessors – hungarian hussars) were just light cavlry without armour, but equipped with really long lances (4 – 4,5 m). I belive L_D question is related to this kind of unit..
Hussar from the 1st half of XVI century
*The huszár light, swift & versatile cavalry spread from Hungary (from the 15th C & especially 1712 -1815) to almost every country in Europe and beyond. The cavalry of Europe changed from predominantly heavy cavalry and dragoons to 1/5<1/2 hussars. Most countries had hussars and Hungarian training officers or even Hungarian training units! [Oxford English: huszár =hussar, csákó =shako/cap, dolmány =dolman, dolman sleeve/the jacket etc. /check any language!]
The word “huszár” appears in more languages than even that other great Hungarian invention the wagon from “Kocs” (English forms = coach, stagecoach etc.) an extremely fast, very light & comfortable wagon from 15th century Hungary. The currently better known “csárdás” (a dance) and “gulyás” (a beef stew) appears in fewer languages than these two and have not been similarly adopted (at least ’til now!) by any country. [ See >The’Coach’ from KOCS ] /20.cs. áaz
for control of the Dalmatian coast
, it faces competition in the Eastern seas from it’s rival
From myth and legend up to modern day times
“We put into that port, so well known amongst sailors: where sheer double cliffs, with no gaps, encircle the harbour and two headlands squeeze the narrow entrance in their
This extract from chapter X of Homer’s Odyssey remains a mystery. Historians still ponder over the place cited. But in Bonifacio the general sentiment is to take the writer at his word and credit the myth…After all, given the harbour’s central position, at the heart of the Mediterranean’s sea routes, why wouldn’t Ulysses have trodden these dazzling white cliffs and lead his fleet into battle against the fierce Laestrygones? The myth has gone down in the town’s history and one can easily imagine, not without some pride, how this remarkable site was a source of inspiration in ancient times. The port has always played an important role in the day-to-day life of Bonifacio’s inhabitants, essential both for its fishing and trade which brought much needed revenue to the town. But it also represented a danger since it left the town at risk of attack from the sea, coveted by ferocious invaders keen to exploit such a location and its natural advantages. Well before the 15th century, the present day marina was the site of the town’s port, with just a few small breakwaters at the mouth to protect it from the waves. It was during the 15th century that the port developed into the maritime quarter, the “Marina” that we know today.
The maritime quarter, or “the Marina”, played a very significant role in terms of maritime trade between Genoa, Sardinia, Corsica, Marseille, Tunisia, and Syria etc.
The inviting Marina extends for some 500 metres and is particularly pleasant in summer when the atmosphere is lively and buzzing. As with so many commercial ports, its past was rather turbulent, due in particular to the bitter fighting for control of the citadel between the republics of Pisa and Genoa, both of whom recognised its strategic position as a military base and unequalled port infrastructure in Corsica. It was Pisa who first gained control and governed until the end of the 12th century. The island has always been a much sought after possession since antiquity due to its strategic location, the possibility of getting fresh supplies being of more interest than its inhabitants. But the Marina was not always as you see it today.
Yoros Castle (Turkish: Yoros Kiseli) is a ruined castle at the confluence of the Bosporus and the Black Sea, just outside Istanbul, Turkey. It is also commonly referred to as the Genoese castle, due to Genoa’s possession of it in the mid-15th century.
Yoros Castle sits on a hill surrounded by steep bluffs overlooking the Bosporus. It is just north of a small fishing village called Anadolu Kavağı, on Macar Bay, and the entire area is referred to as Anadolu Kavağı. This section is one of the narrowest stretches of the Bosporus, and on the opposite shore sits an area called Rumeli Kavağı, which formerly held a fortification similar to Yoros Castle. (Anadolu and Rumeli were Ottoman terms for the Anatolian and European parts of the empire).
Strategically set near the confluence of the Bosporus and the Black Sea, the future site of Yoros Castle was settled by Greeks and Phoenicians prior to the Byzantine period for trading and military purposes. The Greeks called the area Hieron (Sacred Place). The remains of temples, including Dios, Altar of the Twelve Gods, and Zeus Ourios (granter of fair winds) were discovered in the area, dating to centuries B.C.E.
Yoros Castle was intermittently occupied throughout course of the Byzantine Empire. Under the Palealogus dynasty during the decline of the empire, Yoros Castle was well fortified, as was Rumeli Kavağı on the opposite side of the Bosporus. A massive chain could be extended across the Bosporus between these two points, cutting off the straits to attacking warships, similar to the chain across the Golden Horn at Galata Tower which was used to defend Istanbul during Fatih Sultan Mehmed’s siege.
Byzantines, Genoans, and Ottomans fought over this strategic fortification for years. It was conquered by Ottoman forces in 1305, but retaken by the Byzantines shortly thereafter. Bayezid I took the castle again in 1391 while preparing for his siege of Istanbul. It was used as his field headquarters during the construction of Anadolu Hisar, one of the more important castles for the siege. In 1399 the Byzantines attempted to take back Yoros Castle. The attack failed, but the village of Anadolu Kavağı was burned to the ground. The Ottomans held the fortress from 1391-1414, losing it to the Genoese in 1414. The forty-year Genoese occupation lent the castle its moniker of Genoese castle.
Upon Fatih Sultan Mehmed’s conquest of Constantinople in 1453, the presence of the Genoese at such a strategic location posed a threat to the new Ottoman capital. Within a few years, Sultan Mehmed drove the Genoese out. He then fortified the walls, and constructed a customs office, quarantine, and check point, as well as placing a garrison of troops there. Bayezid II (1481-1512) later added a mosque within the castle walls.
Cossack raids had plagued the Ottoman Empire throughout its long history. In 1624 a fleet of 150 Cossack caiques sailed across the Black Sea to attack towns and villages near Istanbul. They struck villages inside the Bosphorus, and Murad IV (1623-1640) refortified Anadolu Kavağı to defend against the fleet. It would prove instrumental in the region from seaborne Cossack raids.
Under Osman III (1754-1757), Yoros Castle was once again refortified. Later, in 1783 Abdülhamid I added more watchtowers. After this period, it gradually fell into disrepair. By the time of the Turkish Republic, the castle was no longer used.
The ruins of the citadel and surrounding walls still exist, though the mosque, most of the towers, and other structures are gone. Yoros Castle and the village of Anadolu Kavagi are a popular day trip from Istanbul. The site is not supervised and visitors are free to climb all over the ancient walls. Greek inscriptions remain etched on the walls of the castle to this day, along with the symbol of the Palealogus family, who ruled Byzantium until its fall. The military importance of the site cannot be understated. In fact, much of the area surrounding Yoros Castle is today in the hands of the Turkish military, who have closed off areas to visitors.
The villagers of Anadolu Kavağı historically depended mostly on fishing for income, but it appears some may have acted as ‘wreckers’. Turkish rumors report that they would light fires in order to disorient ships and ground them in the narrow straits, seizing their goods. Conversely, many claim that Anadolu Kavağı was also used as a shelter for trade ships against storms, where it is recorded even up to three hundred ships were serviced at a time
, and if it doesn’t keep it’s guard up, will fall victim of Ottoman expansion. The other small Italian states are so pre-occupied with their foolish ignorance of the overall balance of power in Europe that they would rather remain divided, then stand as a unified force against the ever-growing monarchies in Iberia and France – so an Italian unification is not likely in the beginning.
This is why the early decades of Venice’s rise to greatness will be to occupy the Adriatic Sea, and eventually expand to cover Greece and possibly some of the Black Sea. This entails war with Genoa and the Ottomans – potent foes on sea and land, respectively. If the Italian Carthage can muster this, then it is possible for Venice to fund a massive campaign to end the petty quarrels in Italy that have existed for nearly a millenia – and re-establish Italy as the glorious nation it once was.
Hungaro – Venetian War:
The Doge’s first decision is to reform taxes in the republic to improve the economy. As a result, tax collectors are promoted in all the provinces – except for the city of Venice itself, the republic had no real tax collection services…
The action was not cheap, however. It would take a year to fully install the system, and 45% of the nation’s treasury was emptied in order to tax more efficiently. But we believed the system would pay off.
Now to the meat and potatoes.
Under the command of
Lt. General Savorgnan, 10,000 brave infantry are marching into
The picture of Krbava war
the region of Krbava,
which is held by Croatia. A smaller force of 5,000 cavalry is heading to
the Bihac province
in the north to further destablise the Croatians. The plan is to sieze primarily Dalmatia – but perhaps Krbava will make a healthy addition to the Venetian realm as well.
As our troops begin their advance, news reaches us about
the nation of Ragusa:
it has broken away from the Hungarian yoke! We would rush to gain the small country as an ally, but they are too poor and small to be of much use. We will conquer them given time, however, as
the Serenissima must dominate the Adriatic.
Read more info of serenissma republic
Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino” San Marino
The government building in the capital of San Marino. Raised in Tuscan-Gothic style in the 15th century and rebuilt in the 19th century.
As a plus, Ragusa is also heavily destablised by canceling it’s vassalage.
February heralds the arrival of our troops
in the heart of Croatia.
Look the picture of Croatia stone house
We anticipate the destruction of the Croatian realm.
We are attacked in Bihac by a regiment of Croatian cavalry, but they are defeated – they do harm our siegers enough to lift the siege on the region. We stay in Bihac to plunder it to weaken their war effort. Meanwhile, Krbava slowly starts to fall.
In May, we agree to a trade agreement with
the German state of Mecklenburg.
The Doge was too busy handling the war to get muddled in economic disputes.
In late August, the radicals known as the Hussites break away from
the Bohemian crown and plunge central Bohemia into chaos. We wonder if this heresy will draw
Hungary’s attention away from us….
Look hungary soldier cloth during this time
In September, we finally take Krbava. We also are heavily inflicting damage on Bihac with our new troops.
Savorgnan ,look his profile above
is ordered to take Zagreb
look Zagreb cathedral during this time
and end this war with Croatia. Once Croatia is defeated, we can focus on a white peace with Hungary.
As Winter approaches in December, we march victoriously into Croatia’s central core. Zagreb is besieged, look the painting below
and the nation’s ruler a prisoner in his own palace. We hear word of an approaching Hungarian force from the east – 22,000 men strong. Savorgnan’s men dig in, ready to repel the threat.
And exactly on Christmas day, we get a great gift – Bihac! The city finally submits, leaving Croatia proper the last free bastion of the Croatian kingdom. The battle of Zagreb will determine the war for Dalmatia – and for Croatia as well.
WORLD’S FIRST POSTMARK, 1459 (Oct. 17)
courrier letter from Milan with embossed “Cursores Mediolanum” (Milan Courrier) seal (shaded in pencil for display), guild mark showing charges paid and blessings upon recipient, an important early postal history showpiece, ex LeBow, very fine. Note: the courier service was established by Simon Tasso, whose family later joined the Torre family, becoming postmasters of Charles V’s Spain and later the famous house of Thurn & Taxis in Northern Europe£1,000.00
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Milan in 1459
Milan cathedral in 15th century picture
Situation now look below
The painting inside the cathedral
Singer of Milan cathedral painting
Duke of Milan in 1459
Hippolyta Master (fl. 1459-75)
Ducal Privilege granted by Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan
Dated 29th September 1462
Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan
HISTORIC ELIZABETHAN LETTER, ca. 1580 folio sheet with boldly written warning to Sir Walter Aston that it was imperative to recapture the escaped Papist, Frauncis Olyver, who had been jailed in response to a law passed by Parliament in 1580 making attempted conversion to the Catholic faith a treasonable offense. Written and signed by Rev. George Boleyn, Dean of Lichfield (1576-1603) and relative of Anne Boleyn (wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I), privately carried as was nearly all correspondence in the realm, fine, ex Robson Lowe collection, full transcription enclosed.
Anna Boleyn picture
King Henry III
The complete story look ad British history CD-ROM by dr Iwan suwandy,MHA
Sir Walter Aston
Walter Aston, 1st Lord Aston of Forfar1
M, #40867, b. 9 July 1584, d. 13 August 1639
Walter Aston, 1st Lord Aston of Forfar was baptised on 9 July 1584 at Charlecote, Warwickshire, England.1 He was the son of Sir Edward Aston and Anne Lucy.1 He married, firstly, Anne Barnes before 1600.3 He married, secondly, Gertrude Sadleir, daughter of Sir Thomas Sadleir and Gertrude Markham, circa 1607.1 He died on 13 August 1639 at age 55.1 He was buried at St. Mary’s, Stafford, England.4 His will was probated on 31 October 1639.4
He was invested as a Knight Bachelor on 25 July 1603.1 He held the office of Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Charles I.5 He was created 1st Baronet Aston, of Tixall, co. Stafford [England] on 22 May 1611.1,5 He held the office of Ambassador to Spain between 1620 and 1625.1 He became a Roman Catholic.1 He was created 1st Lord Aston of Forfar [Scotland] on 28 November 1627, as a reward for his services in negotiating the marriage of Charles, Prince of Wales to the Infanta of Spain. Remainder was to him and his heirs male carrying the name of Aston.1 He held the office of Ambassador to Spain between 1635 and 1638.1 His last will was dated 3 June 1635. He lived at Tixall, Staffordshire, England.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.6
VENETIAN DUCAL MAIL, 1632 letter on vellum (parchment) from Francisco Erizzo, Doge of Venice, to his envoy Antonio Longo at Verona, ordering the arrest of a money forger to be hanged “between the two columns of the Divine Martyrs” (the Venetian place of execution), with rare lead seal used exclusively on ducal mail on its original cord, excellent condition and important content, ex LeBow (lot 2035, realised $4,400)
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Fransisco Erizzo,Doge Of Venice 1632
Venetian Place of execution
HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR LEOPOLD I IMPERIAL LETTER, 1693, printed document (dated Dec. 17, 1692 but docketed received 16 March 1693), signed by Emperor Leopold I and countersigned by his chancellor, T.H. von Staitmann, to Franz Antonini de Albertis of the Tyrol, regarding recent and future threats to the empire, and convoking a Parliament for April 6 at Innsbruck. With elaborate calligraphic address and spectacular embossed intact wafer seal, ex Robson Lowe and LeBow, very fine. £500.00
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HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR LEOPOLD I , 1693,
Images – The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
Leopold I is Crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt am Main on August 1, 1658 (c. 1693)
In 1658, after a 15-month interregnum, Leopold I (r. 1658-1705), the second son of Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand III (r. 1637-57), succeeded his father as Holy Roman Emperor. In domestic politics, the well-educated and artistically inclined ruler pursued a policy based on Catholic Counter-Reformation, the expansion of his core dominions, and the centralization and streamlining of the administration. Leopold’s foreign policy focused on reasserting Habsburg power in the Empire after the devastating Thirty Years War, expelling the invading Ottomans from Austria and Hungary, and fighting a prolonged battle against the expansionary initiatives of France’s King Louis XIV (r. 1661-1715), which culminated in the War of the Spanish Succession from 1701 to 1714.
The image below shows the imperial coronation festivities in and around Frankfurt’s “Römer.” Frankfurt had been the site of the coronation banquets of the German kings since 1147. Starting in 1562, the coronation banquets of the Holy Roman emperors were held there as well. The two scenes comprising the top half of this engraving take place inside the “Römer,” Frankfurt’s historic city hall. The scene on the left shows the imperial proclamation. The caption reads: “Leopold King of Hungary and Bohemia is here declared Roman King” [“Leopoldus König in Hung: und Böhm., wird allhie zum Römischen König erklärt”]. The scene on the right shows the coronation itself. The caption reads: “Depiction of how His Imperial Majesty was crowned” [“Abbildung wie Ihro Kaijserliche Maij: gecrönt worden”]. The bottom half of the engraving shows Römer Square after the procession and before the accompanying feast (note the large ox roasting on a spit in the smokehouse in the foreground). The caption reads: “Römer Square, where the Electors carry out Their hereditary offices after the Coronation Procession took place” [“Römer Platz, Allwo nach geschehener Krönungs Procession. Die He. Churfürsten Ihro Erb Äempter verrichten”]. The “Römer,” a complex of three step-gabled Gothic buildings, can be seen in the background (center). Copperplate engraving from vol. 8 of Theatrum Europaeum, edited by the Swiss artists Matthäus (Mathias) Merian the Elder (1593-1650) and the Younger (1621-87), c. 1693.
|print version return to image list|
SWEDEN FEATHER LETTERS, 1807-40, three folded covers with wax seals, earliest with single ms. line and stylised birds for fast service, second (1827) with double line, and last with three wax seals with feathers (very fast service desired), an important pre-cursor of modern “special delivery” and express mail, very fine, ex LeBow
THE BOTTLE LETTER THAT HELPED PROVOKE A WAR, 1806 letter recounting his experiences from American seaman impressed into service on British sloop of war “Pethel” corked into a bottle and tossed overboard somewhere in the Caribbean, carried to the coast of North Carolina, found and delivered to Collector of Customs at Baltimore and accompanied by that worthy’s letter to the Collector at New York, with red “Balte. Md. JUN 9” cds and ms. “34” rate. The text of the bottle letter reads, in part, “…we was brought to by the above Vesel and after undergoing many Species of Insult myself & three others … all native Americans were ordered on board which we refused & on so doing was beaten & Kicked into the Boat, was then thrown into Irons for ten days … (we agreed to enter their service) & Embrace the first Opportunity that Occured to free us from the Slavery in which we was involved…” UNIQUE and historic witness to the British impressment of American sailors, one of the principal grievances leading to the War of 1812. Ex Frajola and LeBow (lot 3007, realised $27,500)
MAILED VIA EARLY MAIL STEAMER, THE “ROBERT FULTON” – Two USA folded letters, 1821-22, to Boston or Portsmouth, N.H. each with red NEW-YORK c.d.s and “SHIP” h.s. with ms. 20 1/2 rates and endorsed for carriage by the “Fulton” (which made only 18 trips in all among New York, Charleston, Havana and New Orleans) which was named in honour of the inventor of the first practical steamboat, the “Clemont,” in 1809. Both covers with file creases else fresh and fine, an important lot for the avid ship mail collector.
CARE OF MR. WAGHORN / SUEZ” – 1837 folded letter from Calcutta datelined Aug. 5, sent to London per “Berenici Steamer Via Suez” with boxed departure rate h.s. on reverse (4.10 total) and red italic “Purifiee…” h.s., obverse with superb strike of oval Waghorn cachet plus boxed “INDES ORIEN. PAR ALEXANDRIE” and Alexandria French Post c.d.s. (27 Oct. 1837), total 13/- due on arrival, two neat disinfection slits, a spectacular showpiece, very fine. See article “Odyssey of a Letter” published in the Postal History Journal, October 1979. £2,000.00
1838 folded letter from Calcutta datelined 21 October, sent to Bordeaux “Via Bombay & Suez” with octagonal Calcutta Steam Letter Paid b.s. (dated Nov. 20 with ms. 2/4 paid), obverse with superb strike of oval Waghorn cachet plus boxed “INDES ORIEN. PAR ALEXANDRIE” and Alexandria French Post c.d.s. (27 Dec. 1838) as well as circular Malta “Purifie Aux Lazaret” h.s., red boxed “INDIA” and black “Paquebots de la Mediterranee” h.s., total 28 decimes due on arrival, two neat disinfection slits, an important showpiece showing a “French connection” to the Waghorn story, very fine
1837, Two neat strikes of linear “CARE of Mr. WAGHORN / ALEXANDRIA” h.s. on folded letter from London to Calcutta, double-line boxed St. JAMES St.” h.s. with c.d.s. (15 July) on reverse, sent “Via Marseilles” and with double 22a. rate prepaid (oval red “P.D.” h.s.). Boxed Bombay Steam Letter b.s. (21 Nov.) and final Calcutta b.s. of Dec. 7. Fewer than 100 Waghorn letters from London to India known, very fine.
FAR EAST TO EUROPE VIA SUEZ: Two months, eleven days. 1847 Folded letter from Manila (Nunez type 8 c.d.s. of 16 Set. 1847) to Madrid, ornate “FRANCO” h.s. and “6” ms. rate, endorsed “Via del Istmo.” and backstamped at Aljeciras (Lower Andalucia) on 20 Nov. and at Madrid on the 27th.
STAGECOACH MAIL, Argentina, ca. 1850 folded cover to Buenos Aires from Sto. Domingo with spectacular pictorial strike in oval of the “Mensagerias Argentinas,” also “FRANCA” in fancy ribbon, very rare and important showpiece, ex Emerson (1940 auction), hint of ageing else very fine. £300.00
Mexico, 1859 folded letter from Toluca to Mexico City, superb strike of pictorial “Diligencias Generales / Linea de Toluca” oval, plus ornate “GRATIS” oval, 1978 MEPSI cert. signed J.K. Bash with pencil note by him, “A lovely item,” ex Rubio, very fine and rare showpiece. £250.00
the end@copyright 2012
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