The Euro world War II History Collections
Part October 1939
Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA
Private Limited E-book In CD-Rom edition
Special for Senior Collectors
3 October 1939
On the Western Front.
.. The British 1st Corps of the BEF
take over responsibility for an appropriate section of
the Franco-Belgian frontier.
French forces complete their withdrawal from advanced positions in German territory (the
Warndt Fores and the Saarbrucken Salient).
The last significant units of the Polish army surrender near Luck. The Germans have taken 700,000 prisoners and the Soviets 200,000. Polish casualties have been severe.
The Germans have lost 10,000 dead and 30,000 wounded.
Many Poles have escaped and will gradually find their way to the west.
Although tank units have played a notable part in the campaign, it is interesting to note that the contemporary German official appreciation lay more stress on
the traditional-style infantry battles.
The tank forces are seen at this stage, except by enthusiasts like Guderian, as little more than useful auxiliaries who can help the infantry do the real work. The first plans for the attack in the west will reflect this official attitude.
Meanwhile, the German 10th Army begins to redeploys from Poland to the west.
Chamberlain dismisses recent German peace proposals outright
On 3 October 1939,
the British Expeditionary Force took up positions along the border with Belgium, anticipating an invasion by Germany now that the Polish campaign was drawing to a close.
Hitler meanwhile called for a peace conference with Britain and France.
The Soviet Union increased the pressure on
and Latvia to allow them military bases in those countries.
.the USA will remain neutral in the European war (October 3, 1939)
This was the start of the period whthe USA will remain neutral in the European war (October 3, 1939)ich has become known as the “Phoney War”,
between the fall of Poland in September 1939 and the invasion of France in May 1940.
As Hetty Munro recorded in her diary in Orkney, “There was some talk about air raid warnings on all the islands in the Flow at different times but everyone said ‘Oh, false alarams’ [sic] and took no more notice.”
She caught the prevailing attitude of the time when she noted, “… anyway no one ever saw anything or took any notice of warnings. Why worry?” This attitude would change dramatically and tragically by the end of the following week.
Meanwhile, it seems that not everyone took the situation seriously.
The John O’Groat Journal printed a piece about the lack of respect shown to members of the National Defence Companies: “There are some people who seem to think we are a kind of joke, and refer to us, in a scornful way, as ‘E Blin’ Hunder’”. The author pointed out that the companies were made up of elderly or disabled ex-servicemen, and added: “I don’t envy the IRA man or German agent … who would attempt to damage any of the places where the NDC are on guard, for I am afraid they would get short shrift at the hands of the old-timers”.
In 1939 Britain imported 70 per cent of her food from overseas,
but attacks of German U-boats
on merchant shipping soon threatened supplies. Measures had to be taken to increase crop production across the country. As a first step,
farmers in Scotland were asked to provide information for the Agricultural Executive Committee: in particular, how much livestock they had, how much feed they bought, how much oats and barley they sold, and how much manure and fertiliser they used.
Finally, there was some good news this week.
The John O’Groat Journal reported the lifting of restrictions on fishing,
so the Wick fleet of seine-net fishing boats could operate normally for the first time since war broke out – only for strong gales then to keep the boats in port.
To Be Continued