The Chinese Imperial ceramic Artwork Found In Indonesia (continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

PART III. STUDIES RESULTS

 

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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3.5.4

 CALLIGRAPHY ART MOTIF

3.5.4 1)

 Chinese Characters Calligraphy

3.5.3 1)

(1)
Chinese Poem Calligraphy

the poem on plate number 2697 is the first four lines of a related but later poem called “Return to Chibi” that was written by a later Ming Dynasty poet.

The first four lines of the later poem, as they appear on plate number 2697 are as follows:

 

五百年來续此游, Five Hundred years on, the journey continues,

水光依旧接天浮 , Glittering water still meets the floating sky in the far horizon,

徘徊今夜东山月, Loitering tonight under the moon (2)  of the Eastern Mountain,

恍惚当年壬戌秋 , The sentiment seemingly as if it was in the autumn of 1082. (3)

The complete poem has another four lines which, in English translates approximately to:

 

Have a friend to catch fishes, down Red Cliff.

Nobody is to carry wine, out of sandbar of yellow.

Now myself, the riverside and thousands of mountains, all in silence.

A lonely crane is crossing the water, just above the little boat. (4) 

these poets met one another and wrote poems back and forth??):

 

 Li Po, Tu Fu, and Su Tung-po!

在山上飲酒
山花兒開在我們的臉上。
三重,你和我都迷失在酒。
我喝醉了,我的朋友,昏昏欲睡。上升和去。
隨著黎明琵琶,回來,如果你願意,並留

Drinking in the Mountains

Mountain flowers open in our faces.
You and I are triply lost in wine.
I’m drunk, my friend, sleepy. Rise and go.
With your dawn lute, return, if you wish, and stay.

 

~Li Po

 

山東杜甫
你問我怎麼花我的時間
我偎依著樹幹
聽秋風
在松樹白天和黑夜。
山東酒不能讓我醉了。
當地詩人生了我。
我的想法仍然和你在一起,
溫江一樣,無休止地流淌

To Tu Fu from Shantung

You ask how I spend my time–
I nestle against a tree trunk
and listen to autumn winds
in the pines all night and day.

Shantung wine can’t get me drunk.
The local poets bore me.
My thoughts remain with you,
like the Wen River, endlessly flowing.
~Li Po

 

Bio: Li Bai‘s (Aka Li Po) birthplace is Chu, Kazakhstan. Another candidate is Suiye in Central Asia (near modern-day Tokmok, Kyrgyzstan). However his family had originally dwelt in what is now southeastern Gansu, and later moved to Jiangyou, near modern Chengdu in Sichuan province, when he was five years old. At the age of ten, his formal education started. Among various schools of classical Chinese philosophies, Taoism was the deepest influence, as demonstrated by his compositions. In 720, he was interviewed by Governor Su Ting, who considered him a genius. From: Poemhunter.com

滿月
上述塔 – 一個孤獨的兩倍大小的月亮。
晚上在冰冷的河水通過填充的家園,
它在波浪散射不安分的黃金。
墊子上,令人眼前一亮比絲綢紗布豐富。
空峰,沉默:在稀疏的星星,
尚未有缺陷的,它漂移。松樹和肉桂
蔓延在我的舊花園。 。 。所有的光,
所有萬英里一次在它的光!

Full Moon

Above the tower — a lone, twice-sized moon.
On the cold river passing night-filled homes,
It scatters restless gold across the waves.
On mats, it shines richer than silken gauze.

Empty peaks, silence: among sparse stars,
Not yet flawed, it drifts. Pine and cinnamon
Spreading in my old garden . . . All light,
All ten thousand miles at once in its light!

~Tu Fu

Bio: Most of what is known of Du Fu’s (Aka Tu Fu) life comes from his own poems. His paternal grandfather was Du Shenyan, a noted politician and poet during the reign of Empress Wu.

He was born in 712 in Gong county, near Luoyang, Henan province…In the autumn of 744 he met Li Bai (Li Po) for the first time, and the two poets formed a somewhat one-sided friendship: Du Fu was by some years the younger, while Li Bai was already a poetic star. We have twelve poems to or about Li Bai from the younger poet, but only one in the other direction.

 They met again only once, in 745. From: Poemhunter.com

 

追憶
什麼可以比喻我們地球上的生命?
一群鵝,
在雪地上下車。
有時留下了他們的流逝的痕跡

 

Remembrance

To what can our life on earth be likened?
To a flock of geese,
alighting on the snow.
Sometimes leaving a trace of their passage.

~Su Tung-po

Thoughts of Li Po from the World’s End

Here at the world’s end the cold winds are beginning to blow. What messages
have you for me, my master? When will the poor wandering goose arrive? The
rivers and lakes are swollen with autumn’s waters. Art detests a too successful
life; and the hungry goblins await you with welcoming jaws. You had better have
a word with the ghost of that other wronged poet. Drop some verses into the
Mi-lo as an offering to him!

  

COMMISSION Received By The Author From HIS HIGHNESS, LE, CHUNG-WANG (Faithful Prince)
COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE TI-PING FORCES. &c
A Translation will be found immediately after the Title page

 

 ceramic decoration text pattern characteristics(illustration Not Upload)

flower text pattern the small lid altar (cover after with old red sandalwood base

Ceramic painting many of which are decorated with patterns in which one of the special ornamentation text pattern porcelain decorated.

Text, the non-pattern but text as decorative, writing to patchwork like pattern turned into the picture of the pattern of decorative porcelain decoration of this text, we usually call text pattern.

I visit someone, Guangdong Province, a senior high porcelain large collectors appear a writing poetry Tang Dynasty Changsha Kiln underglaze red ewer, which also confirms the in Connoisseurship books introduced, the Text decorative patterns on porcelain was first seen in the Changsha Kiln in the Tang Dynasty(http://www.best-news.us/). usually the author in the major museums to visit the high ancient class ceramic, the most common of the Song Dynasty Cizhou Jizhou have book text decoration in ceramics on these words, also reflects the awareness of life of the people and social background. impact by the drama in the Yuan Dynasty, porcelain written text is even more surprising.

Ming porcelain Connoisseur often hair seen some Arabic, Sanskrit, Tibetan. These text decoration, either to see the practical dishes, often appear in worship with incense and then the the text decoration decorative ceramic material selection and atmosphere Islam has close ties with the Ming emperor(Favorites News Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi, writing entire the ancient prose as << Look at Several >> << the Ode >> classics most prevalent and so the picture depicted on porcelain, can be described as illustrated. Ceramic at this time, in the collection to the most common than the blue and white text pattern ‘million’ herringbone ‘swastika’ (Sanskrit), while the late Qing Dynasty Fencai Ci about Tongzhi years to the alum ‘life’ herringbone most widely used.

Porcelain text with its rich themes and a variety of fonts decorative, has become a senior expert in the ceramics the Connoisseur sector where subdivision types.

3.5.5

 1) (2)

The Mark Of Chinese artwork  and coin

Mark Of Chinese Ware 

Imperial Kiln MarkFrom Literature (not upload)

Hung Wu , Yung Lo  , Hung Chih .hong zhi,chende mark on ceramic still not found  in Indonesia by the reseacherer

Ta Ming Hsuante Nie Hao

Artifact Cup dragon five clown

Extreme rare imperial Hsuan dragon five clown ‘s bigger cup.maybe as the given to Sumatra Sultan bring by Admiral Cheng Ho

Imperial Wanli cup with dynasty mint mark (uncommon)
veryrare Imperial dragon five clown Wanli dynasty tea cup

Artifact Hsuante dragon 5 clown plate

Ming Imperial Chrysanthenum

Original Ming  Hsuan De Nien hao Markmark

Ming tsuante Nien hao  mark

The Original Ming Xuante Nien Hao Mark saucer

Original Hsuante Nien Hao,only found four  artifact

Unidentified  mark ming  of the base on cover box

The Hsuante below  were made during Wan Li Era  please look the type of script

Imperial Ceng Hua saucer  mintmark(very rare)

Ta ming Cheng Hua four character at  saucer

Compare found from shipwreck

Ref. 29. Another reign mark which reads as: Da Ming Chenhua Nian Zhi or, Made during Chenghua reign of the great Ming dynasty (1465-1487).  These characters are however painted in the well of a bowl in similar manners as the Xuande reign mark in Ref. 14.(illutration Not upload) 

 Compare from  literatures

Ref. 4 This four character reign mark excludes the first two characters ‘Da Ming’ in the previous mark.  It says: Chenghua Nian Zao or, “Made during the Chenghua reign”.  The fourth character is written as ‘Zao’

Comparative studies Nien Hao Imperial Ming Mark Found In Indonesia with Gotheberg Literatures report(sorry illustration not upload)

Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
 Not yet found Hongwu 1368-1398
 Not yet found Yongle 1403-1424
 Dr Iwan Collection

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

Artifact Hsuante dragon 5 clown plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Original Ming Xuante Nien Hao Mark saucer

Original Hsuante Nien Hao,only found four  artifact

 

 

 

 

Repro wanly era

Xuande 1426-1435The Xuande mark is said to have been written by the famous calligrapher Shendu, since the official mark of Xuande is following his hand writing. Found repro dueng wan Li,different in Ta,Ming and Hsuande  .dan colour look below
 Cup Dr Iwan Collection Compare literatures’ Cup Ming imperial Ceng Hua

 

 

Chenghua 1465-1487It is thought that during the Chenghua period there were only one calligrapher writing all marks on all official porcelains. I am not sure we can assume that, regardless of what the mark looks like. In the early 1990’s I discussed this with Liu Xinyuan head of the excavations in Jingdezhen at this time, while spending some time studying their finds. He told the reason why the Chenghua mark looks like it does – in his opinion – was because the original mark was written by the emperor while he was quite young, and his handwriting was not so good. Whatever the case is, the Chenghua mark is inelegant, thick, often imbalanced and immature. Some common characteristics of the Chenghua porcelain mark by whatever hand but true to the period: 1)  First character “Great” – the beginning of the second stroke seldom extends much beyond the first stroke, looking stubby, but when it occasionally does the beginning is fat; third and final stroke ends thickly.2)  
2) Third character “Cheng” – the third stroke descending is not curved but straight and vertical.
3) Fifth character “Nian” – the character is unusually squat and square.
4) Last (sixth) character “Zhi” – the ninth stroke does not extend beyond the standing knife (li-dao) radical.
5) The final “tails” on most characters (e.g. last stroke of “cheng”, third stroke of “hua”) are abrupt and sharp, like fish hooks.
6) The surrounds when square are thick with ink at each right angle.
7) The mark in general is faintly obscured, as if covered with a thin haze
.
 Not yet found Hongzhi 1488-1505
 Not yet found Zhengde 1506-1521
  Jiajing 1522-1566
  736. Fu Gui Jia Qi – ‘Excellent Wares for the Wealthy Nobility’ or ‘Beautiful Vessel for the Rch and Honorable’. An auspicious inscription on folk wares, mostly seen on blue-and-white porcelain made in Jingdezhen in the Jiajing and Wanli reigns of the Ming dynasty and also seen on wares with gilt designs produced in the Jiajing reign. Chakra or, the flaming wheel-design on the inside. Estimated date C. 1600 according to some sources but probably Jiajing. Coll: Musée Antoine Lécuyer of Saint-Quentin (Aisne), France.Click here to see large picture

 

Not yet found

Longqing 1567-1572
 

 

Dr Iwan collection Cup

 

 

 

Compare Literatures

 

Wanli 1573-1620
   
  Chongzhen 1628-1644

 

Nien Hao Qing Dinasty (ilustration Not upload)

 4) Mark And Symbols on Ceramic

(illustration from literatures not upload)

The Jiajing period also saw the emergence of blue and white wares manufactured in Zhangzhou region. 

Many different marks can be found on Chinese porcelain.

Imperial Nien Hao

 Best known are the Imperial marks that occur on pieces for the court and related institutions since the early Ming period (1368–1644).

 

They usually consist of six characters

(sometimes four)

 in two rows that read from right to left and from top to bottom.

The first two characters indicate the dynasty (for instance Da Ming, the great Ming dynasty(illustration Not Upload)

2010371 Imperial reign mark: Da Qing Kang xi nian zhi. (Made during the Kangxi period of the Great Qing dynasty).

2010371 Imperial reign mark: Da Qing Kang xi nian zhi. (Made during the Kangxi period of the Great Qing dynasty).

Other character marks

(using 1 to 10 characters; over 2500 different marks are known) and seal marks may have many different meanings: a wish for good luck, a date, a quality comparison (for instance, the character yu means ‘jade’, an owner or factory, a recommendation, or an indication for use by a specific person or in a specific setting.

Furthermore, emblems or symbols are used as marks: a lotus flower, a heron (the ‘stork’ on Kraak porcelain), a hare, a plum blossom, a bat, etc. They symbolise happiness, prosperity, a long life and other good wishes. The ‘Eight Buddhist’ and the ‘Eight Daoist’ symbols have a similar meaning, as do the ‘Eight Precious Objects’.

Individual potter’s marks are very rare on Jingdezhen porcelain, but they occur much more frequently on Dehua (blanc de chine) and Yixing pieces. Marks are usually found on the bottom of a piece, sometimes on the edge, or in the centre.

2010817  Single character mark: Yu, (Jade, (Yuan to Qing)), underglaze blue.

2010817 Single character mark: Yu, (Jade, (Yuan to Qing)), underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010947 Single character mark: Qing, Celebrate, congratulate, good luck (Ming and Qing), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010947 Single character mark: Qing, Celebrate, congratulate, good luck (Ming and Qing), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010819 Single character mark: Qiu, (Autumn, harvest time, (Qing)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010819 Single character mark: Qiu, (Autumn, harvest time, (Qing)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201099P General four-character mark: Qi zhen ru yu, (As rare and precious as jade, (Qing)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201099P General four-character mark: Qi zhen ru yu, (As rare and precious as jade, (Qing)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201099L Four-character mark featuring Zhi: Cheng hua nian zhi, (Made during the Chenghua reign (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201099L Four-character mark featuring Zhi: Cheng hua nian zhi, (Made during the Chenghua reign (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010168 Six-character mark: Da Ming Xuan de nian zhi, (Made during the Xuande reign of the Great Ming dynasty (1426-1435)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010168 Six-character mark: Da Ming Xuan de nian zhi, (Made during the Xuande reign of the Great Ming dynasty (1426-1435)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010C75 Six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Made during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming dynasty (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010C75 Six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Made during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming dynasty (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010856 Six-character mark: Qi Yu bao ding zhi zhen, (Precious object of rare jade among treasured vessels), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010856 Six-character mark: Qi Yu bao ding zhi zhen, (Precious object of rare jade among treasured vessels), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201022 Six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201022 Six-character mark: Da Ming Cheng hua nian zhi, (Prepared during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming Dynasty (1465-1487)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201090 Six-character mark  "Qi yu bao ding zhi zhen, (Precious object of rare jade among treasured vessels (Kangxi)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201090 Six-character mark “Qi yu bao ding zhi zhen, (Precious object of rare jade among treasured vessels (Kangxi)), in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010743 Symbol mark, Artemesia leaf, in overglaze iron-red, in a double circle in underglaze blue.

2010743 Symbol mark, Artemesia leaf, in overglaze iron-red, in a double circle in underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010C7 Symbol mark: Artemesia leaf, underglaze blue.

2010C7 Symbol mark: Artemesia leaf, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010462 Symbol mark: Swastika in a lozenge, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010462 Symbol mark: Swastika in a lozenge, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201092 Symbol mark: Ding incense burner, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201092 Symbol mark: Ding incense burner, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201093 Symbol mark: Flower, the symbol for purity, in a double circle, underglaze blue,

201093 Symbol mark: Flower, the symbol for purity, in a double circle, underglaze blue,
 
 

 

2010942 Symbol mark: Sacred Fungus, the symbol of longevity, immortality, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010942 Symbol mark: Sacred Fungus, the symbol of longevity, immortality, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2011340 Symbol mark: Lotus. Symbol of purity and one of the eight Buddhist Emblems, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2011340 Symbol mark: Lotus. Symbol of purity and one of the eight Buddhist Emblems, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010555 Symbol mark: Mandarin mark of honour, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010555 Symbol mark: Mandarin mark of honour, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010C85 Symbol mark: Conch shell, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010C85 Symbol mark: Conch shell, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010111 Symbol mark: The Éndless Knot, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010111 Symbol mark: The Éndless Knot, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 
2010973 Symbol mark: Moon hare, symbol of lovers reunion, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010973 Symbol mark: Moon hare, symbol of lovers reunion, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010454 Symbol mark: Hare, symbol of  intelligence and longevity, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010454 Symbol mark: Hare, symbol of intelligence and longevity, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010108 Symbol mark: Pair of fish, one of the eight Buddhist Emblems and symbol of marital bliss, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010108 Symbol mark: Pair of fish, one of the eight Buddhist Emblems and symbol of marital bliss, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2011138A Symbol mark: Chinese bee, symbol of industry and prosperity, underglaze blue.

2011138A Symbol mark: Chinese bee, symbol of industry and prosperity, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010461 Symbol mark: Lotus, symbol of purity and one of the eight Buddhist Emblems, in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010461 Symbol mark: Lotus, symbol of purity and one of the eight Buddhist Emblems, in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010259 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010259 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010742 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010742 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010189A Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010189A Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

201094 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

201094 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010151 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010151 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010622 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010622 Square shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.
 
 

 

2010783 Shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue.

2010783 Shop mark in a double circle, underglaze blue

Please look other type of Chinese calligraphy mark at

Driwan CD_ROM

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

Ming De Hua Horse Motif saucer

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Reseacher And Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

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