KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA 1946 (BERSAMBUNG)

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA

1946

 

 

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

BUKU YANG LENGKAP TERSEDIA BAGI YANG BERMINAT HUBUNGGI LIWAT KOMENTAR(COMMENT) DI WEB BLOG INI

sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

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INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

HISTORY COLLECTIONS

Part Two 1946

Base On  Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

 

Private Limited E-book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2012

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 

1946

Information from Paradox interactive By Rare Han(2012)

In early 1946

the Cabinet relocated to Yogyakarta, further inland.


The few Dutch military units present in the region were hastily organized from former members of KNIL who had been Japanese POWs during the war. Once British shipped first battalions to Java they soon gained notorious reputation as triggerhappy, undiscplined forces that caused the already hard-pressed British Army further trouble by unnecessarily provoking the locals and acting unprofessionally.

Meanwhile the negotiations were not getting anywhere, as Sjahrir was evasive on most issues.

As the British troops extented their control over the region and the smaller Dutch colonial units were finally arriving to the area as well, the following incidents made the British strongly critizice the Dutch commander, General van Oyen. Attempts to make van Mook to relieve him and other old Guard-leaders led to nothing,

as the stressed Governor made it clear that his own position was already heavily criticized at London. Meanwhile van Oyen and his chief of staff Helfrich held the view that the nationalists had little real mass supported and that Dutch rule could be reimposed through military action.

The British were especially critical towards Helfrich, suggesting that his solution to most problems amounted to “shoot the lot.” Meanwhile more reasonable Dutch leaders such as Internal Affairs director van der Plas and General W Schilling all reported to London that they were loosing control of the situation and that a military solution was impossible.

As much as he had irritated them earlier, British now realized that the strained relations within Dutch leadership were seriously threatening the position of van Mook, whom the British considered to be the sole Dutch representative with enough prestige to broker a peaceful settlement to the dispute –

at least long enough for the British forces to withdraw. At a meeting on December 6th in Singapore Mountbatten stated that he would not allow Dutch troops to enter Java until their government would agree to negotiate with the Indonesian Republic.

This was (not coincidentally) van Mook’s primary goal, and he once again flew to London to further negotiate with the rest of the Dutch Government.

 There the mood was pessimistic, as the prospects of liberating Netherlands were fading fast as Britain and USA were already negotiating with German representatives in Zürich. Humiliated van Mook was castigated as a traitor and an oriental despot who had been conspiring to destroy everything the Kingdom had left by negotiating with the Indonesian fascist rebels without consulting the queen and government.

 But despite this incident van Mook still had solid position, and finally the government agreed a more liberal formula as the basis for future discussions with the nationalists. Bitterly the government was forced to accept that the existing civil affairs agreement gave overall control to Mountbatten and the British, and that without merchant fleet to transfer troops and economy to support them in Indies, they had no choise but to accept Indonesia´s right to secede from the Kingdom.

As WWII drew to an end, the Dutch government hastily replaced van Oyen, Helfrich and other members of their old guard that had caused so much trouble during the winter. By the beginning of 1946, the most pressing issue was Dutch insistence that their remaining troops in Europe should be brought to Indonesia – a matter of urgency in their eyes if they were to establish control and so carve out a bargaining position for future talks. Meanwhile Mountbatten still viewed the arrival of more Dutch troops as a recive for further violence. Ultimately the British still agreed to permit the deployment of the Dutch Marine Brigade if van Mook requested it.


Dutch marines in the Great East. Even when he had gained permission to grant independence to Indonesia, Lieutenant Governor General van Mook still wanted to enter the final negotiations from a position of force and reoccupy as much of the gormer East Indies with Dutch troops as possible.

Meanwhile van Mook had returned to East Indies, and was busily trying to reassert his control over the situation after securing the permission to start his ambitious scheme. While populous Java and Sumatra were bound to be out of reach of Dutch capabilities – it would be impossible to find more than 30 000 Dutch troops for the East Indies in early 1946 –

other areas of the former empire could be retaken with minimal cost. This meant concentration on Borneo and the Great East, where reoccupation was already occurring under Australian tutelage. Van der Plas reported that it would take no more than 5000 – 8000 soldiers to establish Dutch authority in these regions, and successful reoccupation of the other territories would finally give the Dutch a more secure foothold in the region, thus giving them possibility to pursue a more long-term approach to the Javanese nationalist threat if necessary.

 The replacement of Australian troops in Borneo, Celebes, the Moluccan Islands and the lesser Sunda Islands took place with little opposition, but on Bali and Celebes the small garrison forces were soon met by local partisan attacks organized by local pemuda supporters of the Republic. As the Germans and Allies negotiated about new status quo in Europe, the Dutch were hastily trying to secure their political future in Indonesia. Both sides knew that the upcoming negotiations would be crucially important for the future of whole Southeast Asia.

Comment

A good update. Indonesia certainly is a big mess, but you did a good job breaking it all down

Although I have no idea how the Dutch can seriously think they can hold on

I would expect the British or Americans to step in more forcefully, since it should be obvious from the start that the few Dutch exiles have no chance in hell to restore colonialism to a country of millions who have tasted independence.

In fact that is may one quip with this story and the one about the Free French… neither the French exiles nor the Dutch exiles would realistically be able to hold on to the colonies. Algeria would realistically have become an early version of Rhodesia – white minority against the indigenous majority, with tons of weapons flowing into the country from all sides and turning the country from a bad case of bush war into a nightmare of civil strife rather sooner than later. As the French exiles try to keep the heart of their empire under control, the remainder of their colonial empire would slip away quickly.

Realistically there would have been no way for France to hold on to Algeria or any part of the Maghreb. And after losing there, French Africa would just politely ask the French to leave, and that would be the end of the French colonial empire. The story is really giving the Free French a much better development that would have been realistic, had something like the Zürich accords happened in history.

Same with the Dutch… there really isn’t much they can do, the Indonesians know there is no help coming for the Dutch so Mook et al will have to relocate to Surinam or Curacao rather sooner than later. It’s not even that there are so few Dutch. The British ran their Indian Raj with less than 10,000 administrators at any time. The thing is, the Indians knew that those 10,000 had the backing of the home country, while the Indonesians (and Maghrebi) actually know that there is no home country to help the Dutch and French exiles. That goes a long way in eroding their chance to hold on

 

 

All true. Still, remember that the Indonesian independence is only months old and the WWII is still ongoing. Once it becomes clear that Holland is part of New Europe for good, things will definitively change in former East Indies.

Ah okay thanks for the clarification. I had forgotten that the war was not actually over in 1945 when the Indonesian and the first Algerian story updates take place.

If the war in Europe is still going on, especially with the Dutch riding the coat tails of the victorious US and with Dutch liberation being a possibility (from Indonesian point of view), it makes sense that the Indonesians are kind of not completely behind the independence struggle. The Dutch could still come back after all.

However after 1946 both the Dutch and the French efforts ought to collapse like a house of cards, and I still think Algérie Francaise would die a painful death before the decade is over. AOF and AEF would IMHO quickly follow suit, even though on the surface the French are still unchallenged there…

I don’t see the remaining French exiles as determined / idealistic enough to try and keep together this pretense of an empire. Losing Algeria would be losing one war too many…

I think they would opt to leave Africa altogether and relocate to Canada, Cayenne or New Caledonia, rather than wait until the Africans throw them out. Of course a few adventurers who have no future outside of Africa would probably stay… maybe Afrique Central will have a white Emperor instead of a black one? With a handful of ex-resistance-fighters-now-mercenaries at his side

 

CIKAL BAKAL

 Satuan Brimob Daerah Sumbar

Sekolah Polisi Istimewa


Di awal tahun 1946,

 bersamaan dengan dipindahkannya Markas Kepolisian Daerah Sumatera Barat dari Padang ke Bukittinggi, Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa mengemukakan pembentukan Polisi Istimewa berdasarkan Skep KKN No. 12/78/ 91/1946. Maka sejak 18 Mei 1946 di kota sejuk ini dibuka Sekolah Polisi Istimewa dengan kampusnya terletak di Birugo (Komplek SMA 2 sekarang) dan beliau diangkat menjadi Kepala Sekolahnya, yang dikukuhkan dengan Surat Residen Sumatera Barat No. R/78/P2 tanggal 15 Juni 1946.

Pada acara peresmian Sekolah Polisi Istimewa yang berlangsung pada tanggal 18 Mei 1946, Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa yang ditetapkan sebagai Direktur sekolah ini menetapkan maksud dan tujuan pendidikan sekolah tersebut, sebagai berikut:

  1. 1.      Polisi Istimewa Negara Republik Indonesia, khusus dipandang sebagai garis depan Polisi Sumatera Barat
  2. 2.     Dan merupakan Korps yang Mobil dari Polisi Negara Republik Indonesia di Sumatera Barat yang bergerak cepat, bila diperlukan penugasannya juga dapat diluar tempat kedudukan kesatuannya
  3. 3.     Bertanggung jawab terhadap ketertiban dan keamanan dimasa damai dan ikut serta berjuang dimasa perang

Adinegoro yang mewakili sebagai pemerintah untuk Sumatera, menegaskan bahwa Polisi Istimewa sebagai pasukan Pelopor patut berpenampilan penuh gaya dan Sekolah Polisi Istimewa melaksanakan pendidikan yang berlangsung selama 3 bulan dan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1946 dilantik sebanyak 10 orang Pembantu Inspektur dan 134 agen Polisi.

Dalam penugasan ternyata Polisi Istimewa ini lebih mudah beradaptasi dengan masyarakat ketimbang polisi tiga jaman sebelumnya. Lulusan Sekolah Polisi Istimewa awalnya banyak ditugaskan di Padang, namun kemudian disebar keberbagai tempat, kelak mereka bergabung dalam apa yang disebut Barisan Istimewa Polisi (BIP).

Barisan Istimewa Polisi
BIP dibentuk pada bulan September 1946 di Bukittinggi, Polisi yang tergabung didalamnya diasramakan. Ini dimaksud agar penempaan dan latihan biar lebih terkonsentrasi dan terarah, terutama dalam pemakaian beraneka macam persenjataan. Tugas yang diemban kepada BIP. Mengatasi kerusuhan, memulihkan keadaan bila ada kekacauan, mengawasi lalu lintas barang dan orang. Satuan-satuan BIP ini ditempatkan di Sijunjung, Tanjung Simalidu, Bangkinang, Danau Bingkuang, Pariaman, serta perbatasan dengan Sumatera Utara.

 

Karena tugas BIP yang tidak ringan diperlukan senjata yang memadai, sementara persenjataan di Sumbar tidak mencukupi, maka harus dicari ke daerah lain. Pada saat itu diperoleh informasi oleh Kepala Polisi Sumbar bahwa Tapanuli menyimpan senjata eks Jepang yang hendak dijual oleh Residen, meski rakyat setempat tidak menghendaki, maka ditugaskan Kaharudin bersama Dewan Polisi Sumbar beserta empat orang agen polisi berangkat ke Sibolga untuk membelinya. Rombongan disambut dengan sukacita oleh Residen Tapanuli DR.F. Lumantobing, dan Tapanuli Selatan menjual 66 pucuk US, Caraben, 3 pucuk senapan mesin beserta amunisi juga sejumlah granat tangan. Penambahan senjata ini melengkapi persenjataan BIP di Bukittinggi, hal ini menaikkan moril anggota dalam pengaplikasian tugas, dan ditegaskan oleh Residen Mr.Rasyid untuk tidak adanya keraguan dalam pencapaian tujuan pendidikan Polisi Istimewa, sebagai organisasi Semi Militer dibawah pimpinan Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa.

 

 

In 1946 verlaat hij het Borromeus Hospitaal

 en mag hij eindelijk op verlof: “2 maanden, 2 weken en 3 dagen”, en krijgt hij een voorschot uitbetaald op zijn “achterstallige bezoldiging 40-45”. Hij is immers sinds 11 januari 1942 “onafgebroken in werkelijken dienst” geweest, bevestigt het Commandement der Zeemacht in Batavia. Het lijkt erop dat hij zijn ‘klein verlof’ in Nederland heeft doorgebracht. (P.Molenbroek)

Indian troops with four armed Indonesians captured at Bekassi before the village was burnt as a reprisal for the murder of five members of the Royal Air Force and twenty Maharatta riflemen whose Dakota transport aircraft crash landed near the village


 

 

30. Generaal Simon Spoor

General Simon Spoor on a troopship in Tanjung Priok in 1946.

 

Oeang Republik Indonesia

Series 1, ‘1945’

The first ‘Indonesian rupiah’ bank notes bore the date of the proclamation on new Indonesian money, 17 October 1945, under the authority of the “Republik Indonesia”, and were apparently intended for issue on February 1, 1946, but due to the capture of most of the notes, only a tiny number escaped at this time.

The circulation began in earnest in Java from October 10, 1946. The notes were in denominations of 1, 5, and 10 sen notes, plus ½, 1, 5, 10, and 100 rupiah notes.

1945 Republik Indonesia series

Image

Value

Dimensions

Main Colour

Description

Date of

Remarks

Obverse

Reverse

Obverse

Reverse

Watermark

Serial

printing

issue

withdrawal

   

1 sen

97 × 45 mm

Green

Keris

Legal text with wings

None

None

1946

October 10, 1946

May 1, 1950

Violet underprint

 

 

Green underprint

 

 

5 sen

100 × 49 mm

Violet

Various leaves

Legal text with wings

Buffalo underprint (strong)

   

Dark blue

Buffalo underprint (faint)

   

10 sen

105 × 51 mm

Black

Keris and machete underprint

Legal text

Narrow borders

 

 

Brown

 

 

Wide borders

 

 

1/2 rupiah

119 × 58 mm

Green

Horned motif

Legal text

Six numbers two letters [01234]nnnnn [LMNPRST][PRTUVWX]

Pink underprint

   

Orange underprint

   

1 rupiah

138 × 65 mm

Blue

Sukarno, volcano

Volcano, legal text

Some without serial, some with six-digit, two-letter serial (1st letter is check code), some with simple two letter code

 

   

5 rupiah

148 × 71 mm

Green

Rice stalk, Sukarno

Rikce stalks, legal text

Six numbers, two letters, first letter is check code; two different serial printing styles

 

   

10 rupiah

160 × 77 mm

Blue

Sukarno, volcano

Legal text

Six numbers, two letters, or Six numbers, three letters. First letter is check code. Several serial printing styles

 

   

100 rupiah

174 × 86 mm

Blue/green

Sukarno, keris, horns

Legal text, horned ‘100’

Five numbers, two letters, first letter is check code.

 

 

Sumatra, Tandjungkarang 1946 Regional Issue

  P-S385 – 1 Rupiah
Front:
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, Keresidenan Lampung (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera, Lampung Residency
Back: There is no back — It’s a uniface note
Size: 122 x 72 mm
                           

 

 

The interesting book written by  A.A.Maramis L.L..D publish by Merdeka Press jakarta 1946:

 

NO MORE LEGAL POWER OF THE NETHERLANDS IN INDONESIA.

 
   
   
   

January .1946

 

ill.no 1. Vintage republic Indonesia callender.

i..(c)Native calender January 1946

 

Ill, no 3. Republic Indonesia flag 1946 (native Calender 1946 ill.)

 

ill no 2. The Republic Indonesia First President Sukarno (vintage calender ill)

.Indonesia Calender January 1946 with illustrated The first Indonesian President Sukarno(ill.no 2) with the picture of Mountain and Indonesia National Flag (ill no3) anonim painters. ill. no 4 : The recieved of Kredit money 10 gld(Rp) from Indonesia State  National Cooperation (Koperasi Oesaha Nasional ranting) Kerdjaan Koedoes. This day Koedes occupied by Republic Indonesia.

 

January,1st.1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Republik Indonesia at Bali

From October 1945 until late January 1946 there was a short period of Republican rule on Bali.

Here, too, initially 4 cent occupation cards continued to be used.

However, in January 1946

 cards were overprinted 5 sen which was the rate on Java. The 5 sen cards were also distributed to the neighboring island of Lombok.

Subsequently these cards were overprinted with the additional overprint + 2 sen which was surcharge to help finance the independence movement.

 

Close up the independence fund tax’s  red stamped

(revenue tax collections)

 

 

The complete Repoeblic Indonesia Water supply Billing  Document

The Dai Nippon Watersupply Billing Djawa Denki Digyo Sha,overprint Repoeblik Indonesia Soerat Penagihan(billing letter)  with handchoped Oentoek Fonds Kemerdekaan F 0,10(revenue tax for Indonesia Independence Fund) used ad Bajomanfrom Bayeman  with added 0.50 gld(Rp) for Independence Fund (oentoek Fonds kemerdekaan) used old Dai Nippon Form “Djawa Denki Djigyosha  DS” but this char.was surcharge with red color machinal (Nama berbahasa Nippon dicoret dengan garis merah, ini kantor PAM daerah Bayaman ) Who Know where was the Bayaman Village, please informed via comment

Close Up

 

Front document

 

ill. 1.1.46

The Rechieved of native people credit money 10 gld to republic Indonesia national coperation (Koperasi ) village Kerdjaan Koedoes . Koedes central Java official stamped . Many Kreteks cigaret produnction in this city and this day occupied by Republic Indonesia .at the back the Netherland Tragebank check f 10.000 guilders.

Back of document

The old Dutch Trade bank check f 10.000.-

 

ill. 1.1.46The Rechieved of native people credit money 10 gld to republic Indonesia national coperation (Koperasi ) village Kerdjaan Koedoes . Koedes central Java official stamped . Many Kreteks cigaret produnction in this city and this day occupied by Republic Indonesia .at the back the Netherland Trade (Neth.Handels) bank check f 10.000 guilders.

 

January,2nd.1946

 

 

 

Ex POW send to Amsterdam Netherland

January ,3rd.1946

(a)Repoeblic Indonesia ‘s Department of Religion is founded

 

 

(b) Repoebelik Indonesia overprint kon.10 cent  padang issued 3x 10cent added  Dai nippon sumatera definitive 10 cent stamp(rate 40 cent) , postally used on cover send from  Padang ,pasar gadang street to Indonesian red cross padang

 

January, 4th.1946

Kempen

 

 

Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir and Foreign Minister,Haji Agus Salim, leading the Indonesian delegation to defend the Indonesian cause before the
United Nations Security Council.
Other members Sumitro Djohadikusumo and Sudjatmoko

Sutan Sjahir statement to te UN Security Council on August 19, 1947:
We ask for action by the Security Council because we have no faith
in the honesty andg goodwill of the Dutch government

Te UN Security Council decided to appoint a Good Offices Committee of representatives from the US, Australia and Belgium to mediate the conflict, establish a cease-fire and promote negotiations.

 

Sukarno and Hatta remove by night to Yogya, leaving Sjahrir and the more pro-negotiations faction in Jakarta.PNI party is reestablished.Persatuan Perjuangan (Union of Struggle) formed by Tan Malaka to oppose the Sjahrir government and negotiations with the Dutch. Soedirman speaks against negotiations and Sjahrir.Barisan Banteng radicals kidnap Pakubuwono XII of Surakarta.

Gajah Mada University founded in Yogya; Sultan offers front portion of Kraton to house it.

Dutch forces occupy Bangka and Belitung.

 

 

Indonesia issue is raised in the United Nations for the first time.

The Indonesian Question in the United Nations

 

The war in Indonesia posed a threat to international peace and security. In the spirit of article 24 of the United Nations’ Charter, the question of Indonesia was officially brought before the Security Council by Jacob Malik of the Soviet Unions. Soon afterwards, on February 10, 1946, the first official meeting of Indonesian and Dutch representatives took place under
the chairmanship of Sir Archibald Clark Kerr

 

 

But the freedom fight continued and Dutch military aggressions met with stiff resistance from Indonesian troops.
The Indonesian Government conducted a diplomatic offensive against the Dutch.

 

With the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java.
The negotiations resulted in the de facto recognition by the Dutch of lndonesia’s sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura.
The Linggarjati Agreement was initialled

Jan.4th 1946

Jawatan Kepolisian Pindah ke Purwokerto


Pada awal tahun 1946

Jakarta sudah sepenuh- nya dikuasai oleh Sekutu. Atas pertimbangan situasi yang demikian gentingnya, ditambah dengan kenyataan bahwa Jakarta sudah sepenuhnya diduduki Sekutu, Presiden Soekarno dan Wakil Presiden Mohammad Hatta beserta Menteri Pertahanan Amir Sjarifudin pindah ke Yogyakarta pada tanggal

 4 Januari 1946.

 Dan sejak saat itu Yogyakarta ditetapkan sebagai Ibukota Republik Indonesia. Selanjutnya kantor-kantor pemerintahan lainnya juga memindahkan tempatnya dari Jakarta. Kementrian Dalam negeri termasuk Kepolisian Negara RI merupakan salah satu yang turut berpindah tempat. Purwokerto dipilih sebagai tempat baru kantor Kementrian Dalam Negeri. Sedangkan Kantor Kepolisian Jakarta Raya dipindahkan ke Subang.

. Republic Indonesia President and Vice president moved from Djakarta to Jogyakarta because terror at Djakarta.(Vintage PTIK-Police Science High School journal,1952,compile by Moerdijanto,Candidats PTIK). all the information below from the same journals except the collection belong to Dr iwan S.

Jan.6th.1946

 Purwokerto Meeting,coordinated by Tan Malaka, in this meeting developed the new Native Indonesia Organisation ” PERSATOEAN PERDJOANGAN” ( Unity Struggle) with 143 organiztations an the member. (ibid,PTIK,1952)

Jan.7th. 1946

January,7th.1946

 

Postally used homemade free port cover send from Wedana Kajoe Agoeng to pejabat Makamah tinggi Palembang CDS Kajoeagoeng 7.1.46

The name of TKR-Tentara Keamanan Rakjat-People Secure army  was changed to TKR-Tentara Keselamatan Rakjat-People  Safety Army with the same TKR.(ibid.PTIK,1952)

ll.no.9. Contraversial Letter (cover not found) from Indonesia village(Negeri in west sumatra means village) Book Aquantance examinine to calculate the amont of tax must paid from Village or small city chinese overseas Trader, this official office Padang didn’t mantioned from what government Dutch east indie, Dai Nippon or Republic Indonesia because the Chinese overseas asked to send the Trade account Books from 1939-1941(during Dutch East Indie), 1942-1945 (Duirng Dai Nippon Occupation) and 1945-1946 (during Republic Indonesia nd British Allied occupation) that cann’t sent at August 1945 due to the Independence war situation, This tax belong to what State? please comment, very best Fiscal collection during the War

 

 

 

January,12th,1946

 

The first NRI Java stamps were issued in this day in comemoratate half year Indonesian Proclamations Day

(courtecy Pipiet Solistyowati)

 

 

 

Jan.15th .1946

(a)The Chinese overseas Death Certificate issued by The Special Populatian Official Gouverment Stamped (Stempel Pegawai Loear Bias Pencatatan djiwa) Pemalang small city Central Java.

 

(a)          The earliest used Middle Sumatra handoverprint Rep: IND: type 32 black,info from Esbensen catalogue,1980

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Iwan mint ,and CTO collection made by the padang Postman that time Mr Soewil ,and now Dr iwan Collections:look illustration below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information from Dutch Phillatelic magazine”Mijn Stookpaardje”1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)         This day was the earliest used of Medan Handstamped small rep.Indonesia type 213.

Common CTO Medan,on and off cover, approximately 80 genuinely used entire exist of all overprint types and colour pu together Type A 3.0 mm  and type b 2,2 mmm.the earliest used CDS Tebing tinggi 15.1.46 on veryfind money order(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

 

During visit medan in 1976,I found the mint stamp ,overpint type 213 on vereious Dai Nippon ovpt stamp like iPL Palembang,lampong,banka red and violet overprint.I sen many CTO cover from Mr Sajoer the stmp collector Medan.(Dr Iwan notes)

 

 

Jan.16th. 1946

Van Poll mosion for sent the Dutch parlementair to Indonesia accepted by The second house (tweede Kamer) .(ibid PTIK,1952)

January,17th.1946

Throughout Indonesia celebrated the five month  birthdays of  Repoblik Indonesia , coinciding with the anniversary of intu in Medan, Sumatra, Ibn city officially opened by the Governor of Sumatra in the hall of Information and viewing the (Board of Information and Investigation). Sumatran Governor in his opening speech Mr. Mohammad hassan Justin, among others said that in 1946 is expected to be a year of development of our Country, where every effort will be coordinated in order to enforce our republic as hard-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi can not be done efficiently if the people were lighting tidka and education about politics, economics and culture at large. Hence Sumatran provincial government has set up this office and is now expected to be emanating from this soon penernagan and advice necessary for us to gain further insight memerkokoh. Demikina also here will be centered all ynag investigation needs to be done on the results of all the propaganda, the investigation of public welfare purposes and intent-intent seta other people of this island of Sumatra. I hope with this office will increase immediately the good mutual understanding between the peoples of Indonesia and a foreign nation that is in Sumatra. Thus the explanation given by the Governor of Sumatra

original info:

Seluruh Indonesia  merayakan umur Repoblik Indonesia Yang ke 5 bulan, bertepatan dengan hari peringatan intu di Medan ,Ibnu kota Sumatera dibuka dengan resmi oleh Gubernur sumatra di balai Penerangan dan Penilikan(Board of Information and Investigation). dalam pidato pembukaan Gubernur sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad hassan antara lain mengatakan ,bahwa tahun 1946 ini diharapkan menjadi tahun pembangunan Negara kita, dimana segala usaha akan dikoordinir guna menegakkan republik kita sekuat-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi ini tidak dapat dilakukan dengan effisien jika rakyat tidka diberi penerangan dan pendidikan tentang soal politik,ekonomi maupun kebudayaan secara luas. Oleh karena itulah pemerintah Propinsi sumatra telah mendirikan kantor ini dan kini dari sinilah diharapkan akan memancar segara penernagan dan saran yang diperlukan untuk memerkokoh negar kita. Demikina pula disini akan dipusatkan segala penyelidikan ynag perlu dilakukan atas hasil segala propaganda itu,penyelidikan atas kemakmuran rakyat dan keperluan-keperluan  seta hajat-hajat rakyat lainnya dipulau Sumatra ini. Saya harap dengan adanya kantor ini akan bertambah dengan segera saling pengertian yang baik antara bangsa Indonesia dan bangsa asing yang ada di Sumatra. Demikianlah penjelasan yang diberikan oleh Gubernur Sumatra .

 

Saat Dewan Keamanan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa bersidang di Church House, London, 17 Januari 1946, ia dan Mr. Zairin Zain ikut hadir. Seusai sidang, Sumitro dan Zairin terbang ke Jakarta. Tiba di rumah orang tuanya, Sumitro disambut suasana duka: dua adiknya, Subianto (21) dan Sujono (16) gugur dalam pertempuran melawan Jepang di Tangerang.

(Sumitro Djojohadikusumo)

Jan.19th.1946

(a)British Gouvernment had dicided to sent Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, British Moscow Ambassador , to Indonesia as the the Special envoy for finishing the Indonesia problem (ibid PTIK,1952).

(b)

 

ill no 7. 19.1.46 Dai Nippon Revenue used by republican without Syowa date in Bukittinggi

. 19.1.46.

Dai nippon revenue  f.50 and f1,- on fragment, used without syowa date by Indonesian people at Bukittingi(this city occupied by Republic Indonesia abd became the capital Sumatra province)

Jan.20th. 1946

 

 

 

 

ill no 8 : 20.1.46.Postally used Postcard , Repoeblik Indonesia 5 den surcharged Dai nippon java 5 sen , send from CDS Djokjakarta 20.1.46 to Magelang, the earliest Republic Indonesia java postal history

 

January,21th.1946

(a)The rare Dai nippon round choped Ryo Kin Kan No(Porto had paid) to up the rate of Dai Nippon postal sationer card 31/2 cent,postally used  CDS Pajakoemboeh  21.1.46 to boekittinggi(Dai Nippon still had power at Pajakoemboh and padang city post office,this only fotocopy ,the original I had sold to Karel in 1985)

(b) The letter from  wakil kepala  pemeriksaan buku dagang Untuk Padjak negeri(State Tax accounting book  inspection)  from padang to wajib pajak Padang Pandjang .

 

(c) The postally used Dai Nippon java stamp 40 cent on money order fragment CDS Djojakarta 21,1.6.(Djokjakarta Post office still in Gai Nippon power.

Jan.22th . 1946

(a)Manouilsky , Ukranian member of  Security Council(Dewan Keamanan ) United Nation (PBB) had  pusshed Security Council during meeting at london to made a special meeting and get the action related to Charter of The United Nations no.35.(ibid.PTIK,1952). Ill no 9. 22.1.46. IndonesianTradeaccount Book Check of State Tax Office (Kantor Pemeriksaan Boekoe Dagang oentoek Padjak Negeri ) Padang ‘s Letter to chinese overseas Padang pandjang(west sumatra) , asked him to sent Tke Account Book from 1939 to 1945 because couldn’t send since 21.8.45 because of the Indonesian Independence war situation. During the war worse situation, the Tax still asked the account  book to analyse the Income tax , they didn.t mantion from Dutch east indie-Dai nippon occupation-indonesian Independence war and British allied occupation era, all Income still must paid Income tax forn Indonesian Gouverment or for Dai Nippon or British allied Forces Aministration because no Gouvernment name at the letter ,the choped with blank armour.Historic Fiscal collection during the war.(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

January,22th.1946

22.1.46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dai nippon sumatra revenue without overprint used at Bukittingi without Syowa date, Bukittingi under Republic Indonesia Occupation .

(c)Dai Nippon Sumatra revenue 50 cent  used at Bukittinggi.

and Dai Nippon sumatra  f1,-one roepiah used at bukittinggi

 

Jan.23th.1946

 

Briefkaart Japanse bezetting met dubbel violet port betaald stempel (93) en Rep. Indonesia (213) in violet, Koetaradja 21.1.23 (23.1.46), onbekend in Bulterman, verticale vouw ov. pracht ex.

 

 

 

Indonesia Guvernment Police Pajakoemboeh (west Sumatra) official stamped(stempel Kepala Pilisi Pamongpraja Republik Indonesia)  from letter’s document.

 

 

 

ill no 11. 23.1.46 The chief of Repoeblik Indonesia Government Police Pajakoemboh (west sumatra) official stamped in violet color(Kepala Polisi Pamongpraja)this is from INdonesian National Police organization or Province Government organization ? please comment !

Jan.24th

 TKR-People Security Army ‘s name changed to TRI-Tentara Republik Indonesia (Republic Indonesia Army).(ibid.PTIK,1952)

 

Rare Dai Nippon Occupation postal stationer with  double overprint Dai Nippon ryokin kan No (port have paid) and overprint Rep.indonesia send from Sihombing Kantor Keresidenan Koetaradja to K Simorangkit KSO Office /kontrole at Medan no destination CDS

Briefkaart Japanse bezetting met dubbel violet port betaald stempel (93) en Rep. Indonesia (213) in violet, Koetaradja 21.1.23 (23.1.46),

January,24th.1946

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando (Medan area) dilakukan pada tanggal 24 Januari 1947 di Tanjung Morawa. Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area

Pasukan Republik berhasil menang pada beberapa front yg kemudian membuat kedudukan Belanda di Medan terdesak sehingga mereka terpaksa mengeluarkan taktik liciknya: meminta gencatan senjata. Kemudian disepakati ada garis demarkasi/batas utk membagi wilayah kekuasaan. Jadi ada pembagian wilayah di Medan pada waktu itu antara NRI dan Belanda. artinya Medan tidak seluruhnya dikuasai oleh Belanda.(ibid Simatupang HME)

 

Jan.25th.1946

The idea of ​​establishment of Military Academy of Tangerang came from four people: Daan Mogot, Kemal Idris, Yahya and Daan Taswin.Pada early stage there are 180 people Midshipman Candidates are trained first.

Among them were students from the School of Medicine Ika Daigaku Jakarta. There are among those who became a platoon commander, company commander and even battalion commanders. A number of officers and NCOs who became coach / instructor MAT include Taswin Captain, Captain Tommy Prawirasuta, Rukman Captain, Captain Kemal Idris, Captain Oscar (Otje) Mochtan, Jopie Bolang Captain, Captain Endjon Djajaroekmantara, Bahruddin Sergeant, Sergeant Sirodz.

 In Tangerang Taswin Regiment served on the staff while Kemal Idris in soldiers.Pada dated January 24, 1946 Major Daan Yahya received information that the Dutch Colonial Army troops had occupied Parung and will make a move the Japanese army seize weapons depots in depot Lengkong (later revealed that the newly occupied Parung NICA March 1946). NICA provocative actions that would threaten the position of the Dutch Regiment and the Military Academy IV Tangerang Tangerang seriously. Therefore the Fourth Regiment, held a security measure Tangerang. Daan John Major as Chief of Staff of the Regiment, Major immediately called Daan Mogot and Major Wibowo, who had been the liaison officer to the Fourth Regiment, Tangerang.

Dated January 25, 1946

 through the middle of the day around 14.00, after reporting to the commander of the Fourth Regiment, Lt. Col. Singgih Tangerang, departed TKR troops under the command of Major Daan Mogot with a magnitude 70 cadets MA Tangerang (MAT) and eight Gurkha soldiers.

In addition to cadets, the troops would be some officers were Major Wibowo, and Lieutenant Lieutenant Soebianto Djojohadikoesoemo Soetopo.

First it was the second officer military police officer (Military Police Corps / CPM now). This was done to preempt the Japanese not to weapons that have been surrendered to the allies handed over to the Dutch Colonial Army-NICA which time it had reached in Sukabumi to Jakarta.

After going through a tough journey because the road is damaged and full of holes tank traps, and full of barricades, TKR troops arrived in Japan in Lengkong headquarters at around 16.00.

In the distance is not how far from the gates of the headquarters, trucks and troops laid down TKR. They entered the headquarters of the Japanese army in regular formation. Daan Mogot Major, Major Alex Wibowo and cadets Sajoeti running up front and the three of them then go to the office of Captain Abe. MAT Midshipman troops handed over to Lieutenant and Lieutenant Soebianto Soetopo to wait outside.

The first movement is managed well and impress the Japanese.

 Inside the headquarters office of the Japanese Major Daan Mogot explain the purpose of his arrival. However, Captain Abe asked for time to contact his superiors in Jakarta, because he says his superiors have not received instructions about disarmament.

When negotiations goes, apparently Soebianto First Lieutenant and First Lieutenant Soetopo already mobilized the cadets entered the barracks and disarmed a number that were there with the willingness of subordinates Captain Abe. About 40 Japanese ordered to gather in the field.

Then suddenly heard gunshots, which is not known from where datangnnya. The sound was immediately followed by a barrage of three checkpoints, armed with a hidden Submachine directed to the army cadets are trapped. Another Japanese soldier who originally had surrendered his gun, the other Japanese soldiers who lined the field scattered reclaim some of their weapons which have not been loaded into the truck.

Within a very short berkobarlah unequal battle between the Indonesia and Japan, long combat experience, supported by a more complete arsenal, causing MAT Midshipman becomes an easy target.

In addition to machine guns used by the Japanese, also occurred grenade and bayonet fights an opponent one.

Major actions Daan Mogot who immediately ran out to leave the negotiating table and try to stop the fighting but the efforts were unsuccessful.

It is said that Major Daan Mogot with his entourage and the Military Academy Midshipman Tangerang, left the dorm the Japanese army, withdrew to the forest called the forest Lengkong rubber.

MAT cadets who successfully escaped to save himself among the rubber trees. They have difficulty using a carbine owned Terni.

 Often the bullet that entered into the rooms do not fit because of different sizes or plazas. The battle did not last long, because the forces that fought in the Japanese fortification with weaponry and equipment is very limited supply of bullets.

In battle, Major Daan Mogot by a bullet in the right thigh and chest. But when he saw his men holding machine guns shot dead, he then took the machine gun and shoot your opponent until he himself was showered with bullets from various parts of the Japanese army.

Finally, 33 cadets and three officers killed and 10 seriously injured cadets and midshipmen Major Wibowo with 20 taken prisoner, while the three cadets, namely Soedarno, Menod, Oesman Sjarief escaped on January 26 and arrived at the Command Headquarters Regiment TKR Tangerang in the morning. The officers and the Military Academy cadets Tangerang (MAT) which fall on the event are as follows:

Japanese troops acted with great brutality, they had bullet wounds and is still alive finished off with a bayonet.

There is caught when he gets out of the sanctuary, then handed over to Kempeitai Bogor. Some people are still living a prisoner of the Japanese and forced to dig graves for his friends. What a story that sadly for those who are still alive.

In case of wounded, taken prisoner, still forced to dig graves for their colleagues while their fate is still unclear what to do.

in Tangerang funeral held back 36 bodies killed in the incident followed a Lengkong Soekardi cadets who were seriously injured but later died in hospital in Tangerang. They were buried near the prison children or more is now known TMP Taruna Tangerang.

 In addition to the officers of Tangerang, Tangerang Military Academy, Army Liaison Office, also attended the ceremony, Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Sjahrir, Vice Foreign Minister Haji Agoes Salim Salim, the son Sjewket participate in the event fall and their family members cadets were killed. Major Daan Mogot girlfriend, Hadjari Singgih cut his long hair reaching her waist and planted it with corpses hair Daan Mogot.

 After that long hair was never allowed again.

January,27th.1946

The fragment of rare Dai Nippon revenue  block five of 10 cent and block ten of 10 cent(rate f 1,50.) used without overprint at boekittinggi January ,29th. 1946

 

 

 

January,28th .1946

General Christison changed with Let.Gen. Sir Montague Stopford as the highest Command of  Brithish allied Forces at Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952

January.30th. 1946

(a)  the Soerakarta Hospital in patien billing two days f.10,- recieved with repoeblik Indonesia revenue -,15 unperforated.

 

(b) Gen. Spoor takes command of Dutch forces in the Indies Let.Gen. van Ojen changed with Let.Gen.Spoor as the highest  command of Dutch Army in Indonesia.


Gen. S. H. Spoor, commander of Dutch forces in Indonesia, 1946-1949.At the beginning of 1946, Dutch forces in Indonesia numbered about 20,000.

 

(c) 31.1.6(1946)

The official free postal(bebas bea sudah dibajar) cover of Republic Indonesia Defend area Kedoe send from Magelang CDS 31.1.6 (1946) to parakan (official Military defend area official cover), the official stamped look above.

 

The closed up of  Official Kedoe Defend are NRI Magelang stamped.

 

 

The closeup of CDS Malang 31.1.6.

 

Complete cover

 

Compared the Magelang postal stamped  CDS  31.1.6.13(time) means send from magelang January,31th.1946(syowa 2606) 13.00 (PM 1.00) type line parallel with the fragment of CDS Magelang 22.11.50.8(November,20th.1945.time 08.00 AM,different type CDS  point of Magelang PW(poswessel or monwy order)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February 1946

 

 

1946. Native Indonesia calender February 1946 with the sacred Beringin tree picture painting illustraion look below. Forgive me if there was mismatch between Illustration number and the document informations because very difficult to arranged this collections. the complete document and covers only showed completely in IMUCS Cybermusuem if the collectors choose that item as the best collection. the nex Indonesia Independent War collection (March ’46) were the very rare collections, I only showed this collection if the collector asked me because all the collections I put in Bank Deposit box, all the collection were area overprint republic Indonesia on Dai Nippon revenue,stamps and postal card 7 Document,every area had their own creation overprint because no communication between that area due to the war situation after british allied forces backhome and the inflations situation need new rate on postal and fiscal revenue in republic indonesia sumatra and java . I need many hours to arranged this collections please remember @Copyright dr iwan s.2010

 

,forbdden to copy or repro in anykind technology, before put in Cybermusuem ,I cann’t give permission to repro or copy the illustration for put in anykind informations media. If my research of this Historic collection Postal or revenue History write scientifically may be the university will give me Honorary Phillosohy Doctore degree,because i have the Master degree.this is my vision, what the collector comment, please look and reand carefully my statement about the historical fact collection related with the authority of republic indonesia in Sumatra and Java area 1945-1948, I hope The Royal Dutch crown will accepted the Indonesia Proclamations 17.8.45 and the Indonesia Independent wasr as the fact that Republic Indonesia ever exist 1n 1945-1949 and didn’t called our loving independent country as the extrimist anymore viva republic Indonesia and Netherlands ex motherlands.@copyright Dr iwan S.

 

 

1946 February native Indonesia picture painting illustration of the sacred java tree with phrase in Java language ” Wringin Soetji Korining Kerta’ please native javavenese trasnlate this phrase for our collectors abroad. this illsutration painters anonmi from the native calender february 1946.

 

Inside Java such groups as the perjuangan or struggle group supported by Tan Malaka came into conflict with the diplomasi line supported by the fledgling Republican government under Sutan Sjahrir.

 

 More than 133 groups including socialist youth groups or pemuda, the communists and, for a time, the Muslim party Masjumi fell in line.  Around the slogan of “merdeka atau mati,” independence or death, the struggle front was uncompromising in rejection of a Dutch restoration.

 

In February 1946

 

they demanded the resignation of the Sjahrir cabinet. While Sukarno had been attracted to the struggle camp he now kept his distance.

 

nformation from Paradox interactive By Rare Han

 

From Linggadjati to Makassar – birth of the USI

The Round-Table Conference of Makassar.

The fact that the Republic had survived its first months of existence gave it a credibility that the rest of the world could not ignore.

 

Battle lines were drawn as national sympathies through the globe were rising to either support the Indonesian independence or the cause of the Dutch exiles.

 

For some, such as the USA, the choise remained surprisingly complicated despite their official rhetoric, and thus Washington tried initially to avoid taking sides altogether.

Ultimately the fact that their wartime Allies were now ranged against them doomed the Dutch attempts to restore their colonial regime, and the effort that was already plagued with lack of necessary economical, military and political resources came to an end.

Trotskyits, Jihadis and the threat of peace in Europe

By February 1946

 

 the position of Dutch exiles in the East Indies was turning from precarious to critical.

 

They had next to none viable military strength and even the small forces they had were ultimately Allied auxiliaries, armed and thus also supplied by either Britain or the US. It was increasingly clear that even if they could transfer all of their remaining troops to Java, it would be impossible to dislodge the Republic by force.

As the British troops now increasingly confined themselves to keeping order in Batavia and war in Europe was coming to an end as negotiations in Zürich slowly made progress,

the situation in East Indies was finally ripe for diplomatical solutions. Sukarno and Sjahrir were hard-pressed to keep the militant elements among the pemudas in check, but they were more worried about the fact that the lack of progress in diplomacy was providing increasing support for their strongest political rivals.

 

Initially they considered Trotskyist leader Tan Malaka and his followers as their prime competitors.

 

 By skillfully organizing local alliances Tan Malaka had by now created an impressive coalition force of 141 local organizations that had joined forces as a new Unified Front, encompassing elements from the whole political spectrum.

 

Malaka and his followers opposed diplomatic settlements and were content to wait out for war in Europe to end

 

. While Sukarno might have personally agreed with this approach, he was much more willing to wait a little longer and appear more diplomatic to create better relations to postwar Allies.

At this time Sukarno and Hatta were also increasingly worried about the growing power of Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo and his Darul Islam-movement that was based on the region of Garut in West Java.

 

 Demanding that NEI should be replaced by an unified Negara Islam Indonesia, an Islamic state organized according to the shari’a law this movement was initially dismissed as a small group of fanatics without wider support. Sukarno would come to regret this initial overconfidence later on.


Kartosuwirjo was an Islamic mystic and a guerrilla leader with ambitious goals for the future of his homeland.

 

 


Due their own problems all sides were thus now surprisingly willing to give up their earlier defiance and seek a common ground. Separate British-Dutch and British-

 

Indonesian negotiations had been given increased importance from London as it became more and more clear that the conflict in Europe would end into a negotiated truce rather soon.

 

The Dutch delegation led by van Mook entered to the negotiations with a proposal where a transitional Commonwealth of Indonesia would be recognized within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, after which the parties would decide their future relationship.

The Sjahrir government replied by a demand of immediate diplomatic recognition of the Republic as a precondition of future negotiations.

 As the Unified Front was in the meantime trying to unseat Sjahrir and lobbied for outright independence without further negotiations, the British who were initially prepared to dismiss the Indonesian precondition as untenable gave in, and pressured van Mook to accept and come up with a new plan.

 

February,1st.1946

1.2.46

Fiscal Income tax paid recieved by Padang pandjang Postal office CDS padang pandjang PTT Rep Indonesia 1.2.46 (The earliest Republic Indonesia Fiscal at sumatra) I have lend this collection for scanning to put in Mr Vosse Revenue Catlogue @Copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

 

 

 

February,1st.1946

 

1.2, 046

Dai nippon sumatra Revenue 2x f -.15,-,20 and F1.- used on the republican document without overprint at Rengat Riau.

 

The closeup illustration

 

 

 

 

 

 

The full illustration of document

 

 

 

 

February,1st,1946

The free port cover send from CDS RAF-032  (British  Royal Air Force code area 032)  II-I .1946 )february,1st.1946)to London.N15 England

 

Front

 

 

 

 

Back

 

Sender:

 

 P.Sood RAF

(British Royal Air Force)

No 1647296 c/A/c

 

 

 

February,2nd.1946

 

2.2.46

Used off cover Dai Nippon sumatra definive stamps 5 sen without overprint used in republic area CDS (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep. Indonesia.

 

Off cover Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps 3 cent CDS (pakanba)roe PTT Rep Indonesia (February),2,1946

 

2/II/46.

 

 

DEI stamps dancer 4cents(4x) without overprint used as revenue on the recieve of photographer Potrait billing at Solo.@copy right Dr Iwan s. Ihave lend this stamp to scanning by Mr Vosse to put in his revised revenue catalogue. February,6th.1946(

 

 

 

Uang nica javasche bank 1000 gulden in 1946

 

 

February,4th.194

the fotocopy of very rare  military private handpainted from Kedoengora-lelen on Dai Nipopon java postal stationer

 

 

Front

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Back

 

 

 

 

February,5th.1946

 

The esrliest used of Repoeblik Indonesia machinal Overprint Java CDS  Randoe Baltoeng 14.3.45.

 

Forgeries of the following machinal overprint are plentiful.This forgeries prodsuced in Djkarta around 1946-1947 and are frequewntely CTO Djakarta.The forgeries have been described in detail by Drs W.Bruynesteyn in the phamphlert”De boekdruk Opdruken van 1945”.For this you who do not have a copy of Dr Bruynstein.s pamphlet the following is a summary of the forgery types from the last page of the pamphlet(v.esbensen 1980)

Look illustration

 

 

I have original three used Money oder fragment of this machinal overprint java repoeblik Indonesia on DEI dancer stamps with CDS from small village at Java,rare CDS, this collections  ,found at jakarta from my friend who now have pass away in memoriam Mr Bachtiar,look the rare collection below:

a.machinal overprint on Dancer 4 cent(2x) date not clear

b.un overprint DEI dancer 4 cent(2x) and machinal overprint on dai Nippon java stamps 40 cent,CDS Karang Obar 1.3.6.

 

 

c.Machinal over print on DEI dancer stamp 3 cent block four ,CDS Goenoek Radja 5.3.46.

 

 

 

February,6th.1946

6.2.46

close up

 

Dai Nippon Sumatra definive stamps F 1.-without overprint used as revenue in the republic area Bukittingi because inflation high nominal value revenue didn.t exist, if used to low nominal the document will full with revenue,also that revenue didn’t exist anymore and republic haven’t issued revenue,this time ,because the war situation. February,8th.1946 8.2.46

 

Complete document

Same at solo, at Padang Dai Nippon postal card without Republic overprint used at republic occupied area CDS Padang 8.2.46 (didn’t used Dai Nippon Syowa anymore). In 1942 only Djojakrta have machinal overprint Repoeblik Indonesia 5 SEN in red Color overprint Dai Nippon postcard look Jan 46 collection 20.1.46 from Djogjakarta. Later other city will overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon Postcard by Handstamped because no official printed Office in that area.The young collectors very difficult to understand the Postal History,but if you look carefully no problem. February 9th..46

 

 

Postal stationer dai Nippon Java card 5 sen still used duriing Rep.indonesia occupied Solo, Postally Used cover with republican postalcancelled CDS SOLO 9.2.46(Not 06-Dai Nippon syowa date), earliest Republic Indonesia Postal Administrations without overprint, later this postcard will overprin Republic Indonesia 5 SEN-look the later collections)

 

 

 

February,8.th 1946

 Contraversial Machinal overprint wrong Repoebelik(not Repoeblik) Indonesia on Dai nippon Cross &dai Nippon Yubin overprin on DEI stamps kon 10 cent 9famoues as three era stamps-prangko tiga zaman) Mr Bulterman Dutch expert told me that this stamps overprint printed at padang Printer office same with the one years Independence free military postal card, All the stamps and postcard burned by the dutch NICA(KNIL) soldier, but some still exist and used at republican Area, here were many types Dai nippon overprint or without overprint DEI Kon.stamps were surcharges. The printing office at padang only five that time, Government didn’t have, Three from that printing office belonging to my familiy , when i have asked the owner they told me they didn’t printed this stamps, the other one my family friend he told no, the only one i haven’t asked and may the printing office where this stamps was printing was the haluan Newspaper printing office still exist until now.

 

8.2.46 Contraversia Three era Overprint two type from dai nippon Cross and dai Nippon Yubin, and one from Rep.Indonesia but in wrong spelling “Repoebelik” the right one “Repoeblik’ used CDS Padang PTT Rep.Indonesia , Mr Bulterman Dutch phillatelist expert when met me in 1985 had told me that this stamps machinal overprint by Padang Private Printing office because government didn’t have it. All the stamps including the rare postal card commemorate one years independence military free card were burne by Dutch NICA soldiers(KNIL), but some stamps with many different Dai Nippon type overprint still keep by the Padang Postman , may be the specimen stamps and not many used on the postally used cover because after lingarjati agrrement Padang was the Dutch NICA area9 , Paraf at November 1946,only three month after six moth this stamps issued but resticted. I have written my research about this contraversial stamps compare between all collectors collection in the world with my collections,if the collector choose this stamps as the best stamps I will put that information in Driwancybermuseum.

 

 

February,10th.1946

(a)The remebrance picture of Solok landscaped from Agoes latif B.tinggi 10/2.1946

 

+

 

(b)February 10Van Mook sends proposal to Sjahrir for “democratic partnership” between the Netherlands and Indonesia, but which still does not provide for real independence.Sjahrir reshuffles cabinet under pressure.

 

 

 

February,12th.1946

 

12.2.46 Only one ever seen document with contraversial Tax account Office Padang (kantor Accountant Padjak) official stamped in violet color without the gouvernment emblem (lambang), This office from what State gouvernment Dutch NICA or Republic indonesia ,may be still Dai Nippon Administration, I think before hinomaru Dai Nippon emblem. this contraversial office asked the chinese overseas trader to pay text from 1939 to 1945 (from three era DEI,Dai Nippon,and Rep.Indenio or Dutch Nica)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,15th.1946

 

The earliest date used Middle Sumatra repoeblic Indonesia handstamped overprint 32 black(ibid V.esbensen catalogue,1980) look the page illustration below:

 

 

Another information from Dutch phllatelic magazine”My Stokpaardje,Maart 1947 about this stamp

 

. Original info.in Dutch language: What is this? In our January number we gave the figure of three prints: “Ned: Indie” on stamps of the Sumatra series The gown has not yet besetting.Er fourth value from this series that marked the heals and whey are generally depicted 40 cents bruin.Maar not only to seal the series, this print Japones Sumtra for, including Queen rabbit type seals we Trell him, teramen me the famous “T” print and 15 cents a red Golden paars.Deze prints, with a hand stamped, come in many positions for horizontal, sloping downward, upward sloping, headstand etc.etc. (etc.) See figure

Original info.in dutch language:

 

Wat is dit? In ons januari-number gaven wij de afb. Van drie opdrukken:”Ned:Indie” op zegels van de Sumatra-series de Japonse besetting.

 

Er is evenwel nog een vierde waarde uit deze serie die de opdruk heelt en wei de hier algebeelde 40 cent bruin.Maar niet allen op zegel van de japonese Sumtra serie komt deze opdruk voor, ook op Koninginne zegels type konijnenberg trellen wij hem dan,teramen me de bekende “T” opdruk 15 cent rood en 1 Gulden paars.

 

Deze opdrukken ,met een handstempel aangebracht,komen in vele standen voor horizontal,schuin naar beneden,schuin naar boven,kopstand enz.enz.(etc) Zie afbeelding.

 

I have a complete collection in mint unsued ,found from the Padang Postman who work at the post office this time.(ex Mr Soewil collections,now courtecy Dr iwan )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,16th.1946

 

 

 

Express postcard (Bu RJ.N9) bijgefrankeerd with 2x 20 cents NRA Java, Yogyakarta 16.2.46, to Magelang former splendor.

 

 

16.2.1946 The original document of REP Indonesia Menistry of law annoucement about proposal Indonesia Citizen Law(RUU WNI).I am sorry the complete document or cover cann’t illustrated because copyright, if you choose this document as the best collection it will put in complete document in IMUC Cybermusuem.

 

 

16.2.1946.

The republic Indonesia’s Minestry of Law : Proposal of INdonesia State Citizens law (RUU Warga Negara Indonesia dari menteri kehakiman). Sorry I cann’t showed the complete document or cover because that complete ilustration will put in Driwancybermusueum after choose by Collectors as the best collection, if you choose this document it will be show in the cybermusuem with your name, it is very impportant to chinseoverseas Indonesia ,now became Tionghoa national ethnic, this document was the basic law. (b) The  Dai Nippon Postal saving Book Tjokin Kyoko Palembang ,chang the hinomaru red to be indonesian flag red  and white inside 17.8.45,complete with yubinkyoku postal savinbvg label 16.2.46 until 2.5.46(four illustration b) February,18th.1946

 

18.2.46(b)(b) REP.IND. West Sumatra overprint Dai nippon sumatra definitive Stamps 30 cent and 50 cent used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia 18.2.46 (the earliest used) Before at Bagansiapi-api riouw Rep Ind . typemechine overprint exist i found ond piece in Jakarta bank deposit and Ricardo off Cover now in Den haag Museum, I cann’t showed this very rare stamps because only found two in the world, Iam afraid being copy by the mad stam trader or collector, if the expert or Den Haag musuem want to look at this stamps I will made a show in Den Haag Musuem if official invitation with another rare (RRR) stamps or revenue February,19th.1946(b)

 

19.2.46 Dai Nippon west sumatra Cross overprin on Dutch East indie Kon.1 gld stamps and Dai Nippon definitif 50 cent emergency used as revenue because inflation the low value revenue off , republic Indonesia high nominal value not yet issued that is why the high nominal value Stamps used @copyright Dr iwan S.2010. February,28th.1946

 

28.2.46 Dai Nippon java Revenue still used at Semarang on Oei Tiong Ham House rental Billing .Dai Nippon and British Allied forces still administrated this city and after that under Dutch NICA, never found Republic Indnesia Revenue ,stamps or Document in this city same as Soerabaja. .FEBRUARY 1946

 

native Rep.indonesia calender February 1946

Feb. 1st : Sir Archibald Clark Kerr with Sir Montague Stopford arrived at Jakarta. ill 1 .Native Rep.Indonesia Calender February 1946 , with picture Beringin Woods ” Wringin Soetji Korining Kerta” incrisption below the wood (the Sacred Beringin , please native javanese translate Korining Kerta) look ill.no.2. Ill no 3. 12.46 :The recieved of paying Income tax on Rep,Indonesia Fiscal with Poastal canceled CDS Padang Pandjang ptt rep.Indonesia .

 

Feb.2nd, 1946

2.2.46

Used Dai Nippon definitif 5 sen without overprint used (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep INdonesia 2.2.46 (Pakan baroe Riouw occupied by Rep.Indonesia), I have from Bagansiapi-api Riouw CDS on Definitif Dai Nippon stamps 10 cent overprint machinal typed Rep. Indonesia on piece fragment-the only one in the world exist because Ricardo have the same off covered,sorry I cann’t showed this very rare stamps in this blog because very expensive and I am afraid will be reproduced, i put that stamps in bank deposit, I am only showed this stamps to expert and specialist Indonesia collector by appointment, I am very happy to found this stamps that more rare than the Dutch’s ricardo stamps in Den Haag phillatelic Museum, if the museum want the original photo please asked via comment, and I will send the photo illustration to your e.mail.@copyright Dr Iwan S.2010. Ill.no 5 : 2/II/46 Dutch east Indie Stamp 4 cent (4x) without overprint used as revenue on The recieved of paying Photograper Billing at Solo. I have lend this rare revenue ‘s scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his revise Revenue catalogue, I hope he put my name as the provenance remember @Copy right Dr iwan S. 2009.

 

February,4th.1946

The rare  Islamic lasykar handpainted laskar on Dai Nippon Java postal stationer card 5 cent ,send from CDS Leles Kedoungora to Serang(Banten) ( this only fotocopy illustration from Ricardo collections)

The Indonesian People from Loeboek Kilangan west sumatra

 protes letter to the leader at that village whon did not stop the native gambling;

People Protest Letter Lubuk refined
Lbk.Kilangan February 4, 1946
MERDEKA! !
With respect penuhy, we on behalf of the various layers of people who kalu Lubuk refined we can say is start or has insjaf with the will of the current situation, please with the mediation of the glorious majesty, fear the onset of action alone, get support and assistance (to) the situation Affairs (village) Lubuk refined, because the situation in the country kalu note let alone to the press of Lubuk memperkokohkan (strengthening) and maintain INDEPENDENCE, even the opposite is proven by leaders in the depths of nature with the press of a. Ninik Mamak (oldest Minangkabau) is the National pasif.b.Komite pasif.Bersifat passive nature because we say: After the bodies were held over several residents Lubuk Business refined, so that there was rtidak vadan can move from non-supported and supported by ninik mamak and by the national committee, even into the barrier, otherwise we say Ninik Mamak slah not understand the situation now ini.Segala actions taken by the Committee Naasional, we mean by the chairman, who may bring poverty and misery on the people, the form asks Bakti with a forced, and rice that have been borrowed more or less 200 (two hundred) sacks, ninik mamak remain silent saja.Pada every Saturday and Tuesday behind Bandar Create (village), named Koto Lalang (Under Mangosteen) held a large gambling- scale, form sabung (sabunbg chicken), bounce, tenong, dice and other, which has from the start bubarnay manaini goen GIJOE (Dai Nippon Gyugun) passes, and from the start tanggal17.1.46 until now held every night of gambling (dice, Koa and others ) in Bandar Create los Market. Inipuhn ninik mamak National Committee even stay quiet even if this work (gambling) has berterangan (light have publicly) it was held.
Committee Nasionla we say is passive, because everything this action is for oneself was a time held the question of borrowing rice to the people, sales and sap Indarung cement (cement factory), he explained that it was his affair sendiri.Padahal payment rice people until now belumtentu position, and sales of cement and resin Indarung has stayed away,
 Any body in the form of fees (fee), for example (like) Pesindo danPB (Police assistance) can not run, because virtually no assistance, as evidenced by the dissolution of the PB in Lubuk refined when (when) we make of this letter, yet none dabn Youth a well-structured, even kslau there, is the emergence in its own course and not tersusun.Beberapa article (this hal0 we noted on His Excellency, to the attention of our request, hopefully we get changes appropriate to the circumstances present . We intentionally made this letter 4 sheets:
We send to His Excellency: 1. Resident of western Sumatra in Padang, 2. Wali LUHAK in Padang, Sumatra Regional Center 3.Komite Nsional west, 4.Komite Outer City National Branch in Padang.
According sure Kamui, we will have to change as soon as possible, and respect and we khimad:
Was signed by
Chairman of the Bandar Hezbollah Tapatan Create, Create Pesindo Bandar, Bandar Indigenous Rangkato Create, national Committee Member, Chairman aisyah, Muhamaddijah Chairman, Chairman of the Red signpost, Chairman of the pious Ulama, an outrigger Clever, Merchant’s Association, Cooperative kitchen’s chief.

 

Listen

Read phonetically

 

 

 

 

 

Original info

Surat Protes Rakyat Lubuk Kilangan

Lbk.Kilangan 4 pebruari 1946

MERDEKA ! !

Dengan penuhy hormat, kami atas nama berbagai golongan rakyat Lubuk Kilangan yang kalu boleh kami katakana mulai atau telah insjaf dengan kehendak keadaan sekarang,mohon dengan perantaraan paduka yang mulia ,takut akan timbulnya tindakan  sendiri-sendiri,mendapat sokongan dan bantuan  tentang(kepada) keadaan Negeri(kelurahan) Lubuk Kilangan ,karena kalu diperhatikan keadaan di  negeri Lubuk Kilangan jangankan menuju memperkokohkan(memperkuat)  dan mempertahankan KEMERDEKAAN, bahkan adalah  sebaliknya terbukti dengan pemimpin di lubuk kilangan bersifat dengan: a. Ninik Mamak (tertua minangkabau ) bersifat pasif.b.Komite Nasional bersifat pasif.Bersifat pasif kami katakana karena: Setelah diadakan badan-badan  atas Usaha beberapa  orang penduduk Lubuk Kilangan,maka vadan  yang ada itu rtidak dapat bergerak akibat tidak disokong dan ditunjang oleh ninik mamak  dan oleh Komite nasional,bahkan menjadi penghalangnya,kalau tidak slah kami katakana Ninik Mamak tidak mengerti dengan keadaan sekarang ini.Segala tindakan yang diambil oleh Komite Naasional,yang kami maksud dengan ketuanya,yang mungkin membawa kemelaratan dan kesengsaraan pada rakyat,berupa meminta Bakti dengan sebagai dipaksa,dan meminjam padi yang telah lebih kurang 200(dua ratus) karung,ninik mamak tinggal diam saja.Pada tiap-tiap hari Sabtu dan Selasa dibelakang Bandar BUat(kampong),bernama Koto Lalang(Dibawah Manggis) diadakan judi besar-besaran,berupa Sabung(sabunbg ayam),ambung,tenong,dadu dan lainnya ,yang manaini telah dari mulai bubarnay Gijoe Goen(Dai Nippon Gyugun) berjalannya, dan dari mulai tanggal17.1.46 sampai sekarang diadakan setiap malam judi(dadu,Koa dan lainnya) di los Pasar Bandar Buat. Inipuhn ninik mamak bahkan Komite Nasional tinggal diam saja biarpun  kerjaan ini(judi) telah berterangan (dilakukan terang terangan) saja diadakan.

Komite Nasionla kami katakana bersifat pasif,karena segala sesuatu tindakan yang diambilnya adalah untuk diri sendiri  ternyata dengan waktu diadakan pertanyaan tentang peminjaman padi pada rakyat, penjualan semen dan getah Indarung(pabrik semen),beliau menerangkan bahwa semua itu adalah urusan beliau sendiri.Padahal pembayaran padi rakyat sampai sekarang belumtentu kedudukannya,dan penjualan semen dan getah Indarung telah tinggal begitu saja,

 Segala Badan yang berupa ongkos(biaya),umpama  (seperti) PESINDO danPB(POlisi bantuan) tidak dapat berjalan,karena bantuan boleh dikatakan tidak ada,terbukti dengan bubarnya PB di Lubuk Kilangan sewaktu (ketika)kami membuat surat ini, dabn belum satupun Pemuda yang yang tersusun baik,bahkan kslau ada, adalah timbulnya dengan sendiri-sendiri saja dan belum tersusun.Beberapa pasal(hal0 ini kami kemukakan pada Paduka yang Mulia,untuk menjadi perhatian atas permohonan  kami,mudah-mudahan kami mendapat perubahan yang sesuai dengan keadaan sekarang. Sengaja kami buat surat ini 4 lembar :

Kami kirim ke Paduka Yang Mulia : 1. Residen Sumatra barat di Padang, 2. Wali Luhak di Padang,3.Komite Nsional Pusat Daerah Sumatra barat,4.Komite Nasional Cabang Luar Kota di Padang.

Menurut yakin kamui, kami akan mendapat perobahan dengan selekasnya,hormat dan dan khimad kami:

Di tanda tangani oleh

Ketua Badan Tapatan Hisbullah Bandar Buat,PESINDO Bandar Buat, Rangkato Adat Bandar Buat,Anggota Komite nsional,Ketua aisyah,Ketua Muhamaddijah, Ketua Plang Merah,Ketua alim Ulama, Cadik Pandai,Persatuan Saudagar,Ketua Koperasi dapur

February.6th ,1946

Indonesia problem were discussed at United nation Secirurity councile meeting at London. Maousky said that the British allied forces landing  due the beginning of war in Indonesia. Dai Nippon soldiers werw used to push down (menindas) Indonesia native people, that is ay he suggected to build the special commision to research (menyelidik) Indonesian Situations but not accepted.  ill no 7 . 6.2.46 Dai nippon Sumatra definitif Stamps F 1.- without overprint used as emergency revenue at Bukittinggi (Inflation made low nominal revenue off, and hing nominal didn’t exist and republic Indonesia rvenue still in process to issue.

Dutch Marine Tank in indonesia 1946

February,6th,1946

the earliest adi nippon stamps withour NRI overprint used as revenue in complete document

 

 

 

February,7th.1946

 

Postally used cover from Padang via CDS RAPWI postal violed handchoped RAPWI POST PADANG NRI 7 FEB 46 TO LOS ANGELES Usa

1946, Netherlands Indies “RAPWI-POST/PADANG N.E.I/7 FEB” boxed postmark (RAPWI = Rescue of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees) on airmail cover to Los Angeles/USA. Very unusual.Between September 1945 and November 1946, up to 35,000 surrendered Japanese troops were assimilated into Lord Louis MountbattenŽs South East Asia Command in the Netherlands East Indies. The Japanese fought alongside the British to assist in the restoration of pre-war European empires in Asia.

The Repoeblik Indonesia Padang Post Office in the NRI power but because not the UPU member,the letter cannot transferred to overseas foreign countries,that is why send via RAPWI Post Padang.very historic collections Dr Iwan know the Soei Bie shop owner  and the location too and also his home(Dr Iwan Notes)

 

The postally used postcard  with overprint Repoeblik Indonesia on DN java definive  stamps 5 cdent. send from Malang to Soerabaia.Feb.28th. ill no 13. 28.2.46

Dai Nippon revenue F 1,- used with indonesian date . in Bukittinggi.ill.no 14.Dai Nippon Sumatra Revenue F-,15 used with Indonesia date in Bukittinggi

 

Feb.8th. 1946

8.2.46

 

Dai Nippon cross overprint Dutch kon.Stamps  added new repoeblik Indonesia overprint (triple overprint0  used  CDS Padang PTT Rep. Indonesia 8.2.46 on Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint.(padang occupied by Republic Indonesia) ill.no 8 .Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia  8.2.46.

Feb.9th 1946(this day my one years birthday) :

ill.no. 9 : 9.2.46 . Dai Nippon Java Postal card without overprint used CDS Solo 9.2.46 -Indonesia date cancelled.(Solo occupied by Rep.Indonesia) (b)

Feb.10th : Dr H.J. van Mook announced the official statement from the Dutch government about the Future of Indonesia government :a. Indonesia Commonwelath consisting with daerah-daerah (areas) with their own governments  as the part of the Dutch Kingdom . b. Everybody who born Indonesia will became the Indonesian state citizens.(Warganegara).c. The Indonesian Government will free administrated their own state alone  . d. There will be the people representative board (badan perwakilan Rakyat0  with one envoy (wakil) from the Royal dutch as the chief of Indonesia state government. e. The transition period in ten years. f. Indonesia will be a member united nation. In this day there were no official meeting between Clark kerr,Sjahrir and van Mook  in order to delivered this official Dutch government statement.

February,10th.1946

 

The Linggajati Agreement was a key political accord in the struggle of Indonesia for Independence. When the Republic of Indonesia proclaimed its independence on August 17, 1945, right after Japanese surrender to the Allies, Colonialist Government of Dutch tried to regain control of the former East Indies by sending more troops to attack Indonesian strongholds. It was noticed that between 1945 and 1949 they undertook two military actions.

In this regard, the freedom fight continued and Dutch military aggressions met with solid resistance from Indonesian troops. Along with military action, the young Republic of Indonesian conducted also a diplomatic offensive against the Dutch. Indonesia raised the Dutch’s invasion to the United Nations and pushed the Dutch Government to negotiate.

In the United Nations, sponsored by the Soviet Unions, the question of Indonesia was discussed in the Security Council.

 

 

Then on February 10, 1946,

 the first official meeting of Indonesian and Dutch representatives took place under the chairmanship of Sir Archibald Clark Kerr.

In terms of negotiation, with the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java

February,11th.1946

Perjuangan Tanjung jabung kuala tungal Jambi

PERIOD IN 1946

A. Consolidation and Reform Pemyempurnaan Civil Government and the Formation of TRI Regiment II Division II Jambi

On February 11, 1946 d Sarolangun TRI officer held a meeting of the Residency Jambi led by Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim, and was attended by Colonel Abunjani.

 

 

As the decision of the meeting is:

1. Formation of the TKR Unitary Residency become TRI Regiment II Jambi Jambi Province.

2. Appoint Lieutenant Colonel Justin Mohd. Isha as a regimental commander II Jambi, which at that time still ”menjabat” as Chief of Police Kersidenan Jambi.

3. Define the rank of the officer who attended the meeting in defenitif from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel.

Feb.12th.1946

 

12.2.46 Tax account Office Padang official stamped on the letter to chinese overseas trader at padang pandjang. This official stamped without state government emblem (lambang pemerintah) ,blank, contraversial , this tax office from Government ? -British allied forces, nica-dutch or Rep Indonesia government because the office asked the tax from three era from 1939-1941(Dutch era), 1942-1944(Dai Nippon era), and 1945 -republic Indonesia era. The tax alway must paid to the lattest stete government no excuse the war situation/@copyright Dr iwan S.2010, and what the collectors comment ?

February.14th . 1946

The Indonesia native origin of Indonesia Royal Dutch soldier(KNIL) at Minahasa  were rebelled with the command of Taulu and Wuisan , they succeed to occupied for Republic Indonesia from NICA-Dutch civil administration. The Republic Indonesia administration with RED-WHITE flag at Minahasa only exist 26 days (very rare and historic postal used cover on this period,but never seen until this day) .At March 11th 46 Taula cs  arrested by Dutch during meeting on Dutch warship eit hein’ at Manado port (ibid.PTIK,1952, the information above and below from same source)

February. 17th. 1946

This day Six month Indonesian Independence proclamation day,some interesting collection were issued:

(1)Padang west Sumatra Repobelik Indonesia machinal overprint on DEI with dai Nippon overprint KOn.10 cent stamps.

 

This day  ,the six month Indonesia independence proclamation day anniversary, the earliest used of Padang Machinal overprint “Repoebelik Indonesia” on DEI Konijnenberg 10 cent red ,still used syowa dai Nippon language CDS Loeboek Sikaping 21.2.17(17.2.1946),I found this cover at bukittingi 1985 and I have sold to Mr karel,sorry only fotocopy illustrations exist.

 

I also found postally used postcard from CDS Repoeblik Indonesia Bukittingi 23.4.46,the overprint Repobelik Indonesia on Dai Nippon T overprint on DEI Konijneberger 10 cent

 

 

And postally used registered homemade cover  send from CDS  Painan 163.46,overpirint on Dai Nippon middle Sumatra overprint cross.(the two collections also found at Bukittinggi ,and I have sold to Mr Karel 1n 1985,sorry the illustration fotocopy black ad white)

 

 

 

 

 

 

From Mr Soewil,The Padang Postman during this time,now  he was passed away,and became my collections,

 

The block 23 mint stamps with ORI overpeint.

 

Block ten and single on Dai Nippon and ORI overprint.with other double overprint Dai Nippon T and ORI repoeblic Indonesia overprint(Triple overprint)

Many types overpint on T soematra overprint dai Nippon,

 

 On Dai Nippon Yubin T  Sumatra overprint

 

 

On Dai Nippon middle Sumatra cross

 

On Dai Nippon yubin oblique middle Sumatra

 

Also soewil CTO postal stationer card, Dai Nippon cross and oblique overprint(rare CTO made by the Padang postman Soewil)

 

Information from dai Nippon catalogue

The rare variation print  overprint(one per sheet)

(a)             with vertical line.

 

 

 

 

(b) horizontal line.I seen Mr suwito have this two rare type in pain, I have onle mint verticsl lines

 

 

 

 

© I have also  with the variation Dai Nippon overprint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)            Also the variation of basic Dai Nippon overprint stamps

 

(1)              The  Java Sixth Month Of Independence Issued(Zon 23-24).

Proof exist in various colours,both imperf, and perf 11.The imperf. Stamps is normal colours listed in the catalogue are probably proofs since  used copies of these have not been found.the earliest date used on money order CDS Pekalongan 5,2.6.(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

Other used CDS Djogjakarta 18.2.46

 

 

 

I have found only one postally used card with thi stamp perf. 11,CDS Poerworedjo 8.6.47 to CDS Keboemen 1.7.47,please look care fully this stamp with Indonesian flag red and white in the center because later issued  the same stamp bull without flag .this rare coillection(Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

(3)

The Merdeka newaspaper Jakarta special Issued Sic mont IRepoeblik Indonesia anniversary

 

 

 

Special Edition  issued by Merdeka newspaper Jakarta “Special number edition anniversary six month Indonesia Independence. In this rare journal consist very rare Photo and authography from President,Vice President, Primemenistry. Menister Cabinet I & II, Gouvernour, President Wife Fatmawati, Viece President wife Rahmi , preisdent son Guntur, Gouvenur, Java king, oposititon Tan malaka, senior journalist etc, this vintage Picture and authography will showed later in “Indonesia Independence war Picture &Authography added with my Collections, I hope vintage photography and authography will happy to look at that very rare collections, but must be patient I need time to write and install that collections@copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

The six month annyversary of indonesia indepedence were celebrated at many area in Indonesia. Ill no 11. Vintage Book : Special edition to commemorate six month Indonesia Independence proclamation day by Merdeka newspaper. This rare vintage book consist the photo of all the Indonesian Leader 1945-1946 like President,vice prsident, prime menister, java king (  with their authographys and also menister Kabinet I and II (not complete)   , Gouvernor, Tan malaka profile, the wife of proclamator Fatmawati sukarno  & Rahmi Hatta and senior -jurnalist etc. This photo will showed at “Indonesia Independence War picture/authographed added with my collections” the collectors must be patient becuase to much to showed only by me alone need many hours times working. I hope the photgraphy and authography collector wil be happy to look at the very rare illustr

 

 Cover illustration

 

 

speaking(sambutan) and handsign

 

 

(c)             Kata Sambutan Vice President Hatta and handsigned

 

(d)            (e)Sambutan and handsigned Mangkoeneoro VIIII

(e)             ( f) Sambutan and handsigne St Sjahril

(f)              ,prime menistry Melaokekan Rewvoloesi dengan Pengertian(g) Kata sambutan Pakoe Boewono(h) Wassiat Pemimpin Bung Karno,Hatta and Sjahrir

 

 

(i)the first NRI Cabinet

 

 

The first NRI cabinet(presientiil cabinet or Sukarno cabinet)

 

 

(g)            

 

 

(j) The second Cabinet with illustration(k) illustration Bung Karno  and bung hatta in the middle of Family

 

(l) The great (agung)NRI Gouverment inspection the people situation(m) Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX Jogyakarta pictures.(n) Sumatra during 6 month Independence(o) The dismiss(pembubaran) the NRO secondr Cabinet Sjahrir,.(the complete illustration will add in the e-book on CDRom,special for  premium member)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President Sukarno and family illustrations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,18th.1946

The Fragment of Used Dai Nippon stamp used as revenue at bukitttinggi

 

February,19th.1946

The dai Nippon Stamp without NRI overprint used on complete document(very rare)

 

Feb.19th 1946:

Non official meeting between  prime enister St Sjahrir and van Mook were announced but the source not found. Dutch announced to have the meeting with republic but Republic Indonesia not yet answered. (ibid PTIK,1952)

Feb. 21th.1946

(a)To answered the dutch government official statement, the KNIP (Center Indonesia  National comittee) have annouced that Only Republic Indonesia have authority in all Indonesia area.

(b) RAPWI  BATAVIA POSTALLY USED COVER

The postally used cover send from Sergeant marinir BA Olymmyulder M 4393,Royal Netherlands Marine Corps Brigade I Bataljon Cie.A p.a. Marine Postkantoor Batavia-C Ned oost Indie, free stamp military post, with RAPWI Post Kantoor Batvia CDS 21 Feb 46 to Roterdam Nederland.RAPWI  means Rescue of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees.(rare cover)

 

 

 

and look  the picture of Repoeblic Indonesia TRI(Military) help the RAPWI Prisoner Of War(POW) move from cam to their homeland by TRI truck.

RAPWI Official Travel Permit and Pass form unused.

 

 

 

also the Royal dutc Marien pantser picture in 1946

Dutch marines in Indonesia, 1946

 

Feb.22th : The complete KNIP meeting with Mr Asaat as the chief(ketua) at Solo have discussed about the authority(beleid) of Sjahrir cabinet..”Persatuan Perdjoeangan “(Unity Revolt , the leader Tan Malaka)  opposition in KNIP have very strong (demikian hebat) that is why Sjahrir cabinate was falling down(jatuh). The British Allied forces begun to back home ( mjulai mengundurkan diri) from Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952)

February,24th.1946

Inauguration of the Second Division II TRI Regiment Edinburgh and the inauguration of the officers will be held in the city of Jambi on February 24, 1946.

Structure and Core Personalian Regiment II / Division II Jambi is:

1. Commander: Lt. Col. Teuku Mohd. Jesus

2. Chief of Staff: Captain R. A. Rachman Kadipan

HQ Regiment II / Second Division based in Jambi Jambi.

Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim South Sumatra on February 24, 1946 inaugurated the Second Regiment, Second Division TRI Edinburgh and induct the officers of the rank of Second Lieutenant to the top, place in the field Tungkal Straat (now terminal oplet Rawasari city) Jambi city.

In April 1946, to complement the shortage of personnel Regiment II, Division II, Edinburgh, at the request of the Regiment Commander II has received additional personnel from the Second Division are:

Bureau II Strategy
Lt. A. Roni

Second Lieutenant M. Nawawi

Lieutenant Young Mukhtar

Military Police
Lieutenant R. Sumardi

Young Lieutenant Idris Saman

Lieutenant W. Young Sumardi

B. Terbentuknua Navy of the Republic of Indonesia (ALRI)

Due to violations of the territory of Indonesia by the Dutch war ships in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and provocation as well as the interception of a passing motor boat, then from Palembang in South Sumatra brought an army of ALRI. ALRI troop strength is 15 people with him Lieutenant Commander (Sea) Sanusi, between 7 (seven) people stationed at the port of Kuala Tungkal with major Sersa Commander (Sea) Arwansyah and the remainder placed in the port city of ALRI Kasang Jambi (Jambi Pertamina now ship port )

With the increasingly precarious situation of the struggle, in September 1948 the Navy base was transferred entirely to Kuala Tungkal, while the base is part of Jambi ALRI ALRI unit based in New Boom palembang dnegan Kaptem Commander (Sea) Sarongsong.

VII.The Center Of Indonesia Republic Stare(NRI) Moved To Jogya in 1946

 

 

 

 

March 1946

“Social War” breaks out in Batak areas of Sumatra. Local rulers are accused of collaborating with the Dutch.Tan Malaka and Persatuan Perjuangan increase criticism of Sjahrir

 

 

Alamanak Perjaungan Indonesia bulan Maret 1946 
Pada Alamanak ini tertulis informasi sebagai berikut :

 

a. Tema lukisan alamanak dengan narasi Mengapa Beras dikirim ke Jepang sedangkan Rakyat Indonesia miskin dan kelaparan.

b. kronologis situasi Indonesia bulan Nopember dan Desember 1945 :

(a) 28.11.45 :British attack Chinine Fabric in Bandoeng
(b) Early Dec.45 : The Battle at Soerabaja,Semarang,Djakarta,Bandoeng and Ambarawa.
(c) 5.12.45 : The People occupying Banjoebiroe Fort
(d) 8.12.45 : Bogor attack by Enemy(BritisH Allied Forces)
(e) 9.12.45 : Soekaboemi were Boombing
(f) 14.12.45 : The People occupying Ambarawa
(g) 17.12.45 : The British Allied Forces burn Bekasi
(h) 25.12.45 : Solo develop the Native Red-soldiers
and the threads of NRI Prime Menistry’s life.
(i) 27.1.2.45 : Also The threads of Menistry of
informations(NRI)’s life.

c.Pernnyataan Bung Karno:

Three hundreds years or more than one thousand years (occupied by Colianialism) cann’t off the Peoples right to lived Independence.
In other to have that Rights again , we are ready to accept all the national country’s difficulties and unhapinnes situations.
Anytimes we are ready to sacrifice for the Motherland.(free tranlate by Dr iwan S.)

By March 1946

 the struggle front had been weakened by resignations and defections. Emboldened in its newly won support, the Republican government then launched a counter coup effectively pre-empting the emergence of a socialist current in the nationalist revolution.

2) DR OEI BOEN ING SOLO’S RECEIPT OF PATIENT BILLING
Illustration Caption  Oen Revenue 1946.


 

DR OEI BOEN ING SOLO’S RECEIPT OF PATIENT BILLING
Illustration Caption  Oen Revenue 1946.

The receipt still used the Dai Nippon Java revenue without overprint (late used).

 
:::dr.Oen Boen Ing :::

Dr. Oen Boen Ing became involved in polyclinics Jisheng Tsi Sheng Yuan Yuanturned, When the war of independence came,polyclinics turned into makeshift hospitals, accommodating the fighters and refugees.

According to the testimony Soelarso, Chairman of the Society of Ex-Army Student Detachment Rumpun II Brigade XVII, “… regardless of the shot Netherlands, Dr Oen and out of military areas to treat the soldiers …”

(Name of clinic or Jisheng Tsi Sheng Yuan Yuan
it means the Institute of Life Rescue. This clinic was founded by eight young men who joined the Chinese Tsing Hua Chiao Hui Nien (abbreviated HCTNH),
which means Chinese Youth Association. They are Jap Kioe Ong, Tan Kiong Djien, The Tjhioe Tik, Sie Ngo Spot, Sie Boen Tik, Gan Kok Sien, Tiauw Tan An, and Jap Pole Liem.
In 1935 Dr. Oen Boen Ing became involved in the ministry of the clinic and subsequently became the founding pemprakarsa Health Foundation Tsi Sheng Yuan)

Angka tiga punya makna penting
Sebagai dokter, Oen Boen Ing terkenal tidak membeda-bedakan pasiennya, apapun juga kelompok etnis, suku, agama, dan kelas sosialnya. Bahkan pasien dibiarkannya mengisi ataupun tidak mengisi kotak uang yang terletak di ruang praktiknya secara suka rela. “Tugas seorang dokter adalah menolong,” demikian semboyan kehidupan dan pelayanan Dr. Oen.

Selain itu, Dr. Oen selalu membuka praktiknya sejak pk. 3.00 dini hari. Konon ini dihubungkan dengan hari kelahirannya, 3 Maret 1903. “Maka semua karya saya sebaiknya dimulai dengan angka 3,” begitu katanya. Angka tiga memang menjadi ciri kehidupan Dr. Oen Boen Ing. Nomor telepon di rumahnya 3333.

Bangunan pertama di Rumah Sakit Kandang Sapi yang didirikannya, dinamai Triganda, dan diresmikan pada 3 Maret 1963.

Ketika Dr. Oen meninggal dunia pada 1982, rakyat banyak sungguh merasakan kehilangan yang besar. Hal ini tampak dari kehadiran ribuan rakyat kecil kepadanya yang berdiri di tepi jalan untuk memberikan penghormatan mereka yang terakhir kepada orang yang telah berjasa memberikan kehidupan yang lebih sehat kepada mereka di tengah-tengah keberadaan mereka yang serba kekurangan.

Penghargaan
Karena jasa-jasanya dan pengabdiannya yang tanpa pamrih kepada masyarakat, Dr. Oen Boen Ing mendapatkan penghargaan Satya Lencana Bhakti Sosial dari pemerintah Republik Indonesia pada 30 Oktober 1979. Beliau juga dianugerahi gelar kebangsawanan oleh Sri Mangkunegoro VIII Solo, dengan nama Kanjeng Raden Toemenggoeng Oen Boen Ing Darmohoesodo. Pada 24 Januari 1993 Sri Mangkunegoro IX menaikkan gelarnya dari Kanjeng Raden Toemenggoeng menjadi Kanjeng Raden Mas Toemenggoeng Hario Oen Boen Ing Darmohoesodo

Dr Iwan Notes


Dr Oei Boen Ing in his lattest life have help many Indonesian poor patients like Becak drivers with free of charge for his private medical practise at his own home almost 30 years ( in this patient billing he charge only 200 Rupiah from March 1945 to February 1946 consultation and medicines).

Dr Oei Boen Ing were the Medical doctor hero in Solo and his name was using to the name of a big NGO Hospital at Solo. (Dr Iwan S suggest Indnesian Menistry of Health suggest to the Indonesian President SBY to honor him as the Indonesia National Health Hero in August ,17th. 2010 ,may be together with another Tionghoa (ex Chinese Overseas) National hero like Indonesia naval heros John Lee ).

This very rare memoriable cover was better to show in special frame at Dr Oei Boen Ing Hospital Solo, if the hospital want that show during Indonesian Indepence Day 65 years Anniversary in August,17th 2010 please

NRI defense fund label(Bakti Pertahanan) f.10, block four.

 

Bakti pertahanan were the people tax for komite basional Indonesia at village,rare collection,found at padang pandjang,

28th of February 1946:

 

 The British presented the new Dutch counterproposal to Indonesian delegation on 28th of February 1946:

 

it envisaged recognition of “an Indonesian republic on Java that would remain part of a federal Indonesian state, which was, in turn, a constituent part of the Kingdom of Netherlands.”

Indonesian counterproposal accepted part of the proposed terms, but insisted that Sumatra would have to be included to the territory of the Republic so that the new state could become economically viable, and that the rest of the territories would have to have subordinate status within the new state.

 

Additionally they insisted that any treaty would have to be enacted between equal sovereign states rather than between former colony and a government representing the old metropolitan regime.

 

When van Mook once again wired the latest development to London, he went to great lengths to persuade his enraged colleagues that this was indeed “take it or leave it”-offer they had no effective power to alter.

 

The new Attlee Government in Britain wanted to use the impending withdrawal of their troops to finally brownbeat the uppity Dutch, in the meantime ensuring that both sides came to agreement by pressuring the Indonesians into accepting the Republic as a constituent part of the Kingdom and the Dutch to include Sumatra as a part of the Republic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 1946

 

Postal used Dai Nippon naval postal stationer with additional 3 cent CDS den Pasar to Soerabiaia in March 1946

March,1st.1946(b)

Fragment  Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive used without overprind as revenue at Boekittinggi

March 2nd’ 1946

 

Stamps as Revenue 1946

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE WAR COLLECTION
MARCH 1946


Amphibious landing by Dutch (KNIL) troops at Sanur beach, Bali, March 1946.

MARCH 2nd 1946

1. The Central Indonesia national Committee(KNI-pusat) meeting have appointed St Sjahril to built the Cabinet.
The 3rd indonesia Cabinet with 14 menistries :
(1) Prime Menistery : St Sjarir


(2) Internal country affair menistery : Dr Sudarsono
(3) International Affairs menistry : St Sjahrir
(4) Defend Menisttry : Mr Amir Sjarifuddin

2. NRI(Indonesia) Prime Menistry St.Sjahrir profile this day(ill 1 caption St Sjahrir 1946)

3. The latest used on document Dai Nippon Sumatra definitif stamps without overprint as Revenue 1-3-46 at the NRI area Bukittinggi,(ill 2 caption Stamp as Revenue 1946).

March,3th.1946

At the beginning of 1946 was also the position of central gonernment moved to Bukittinggi West Sumatra. In times of transition mutations occur in Several Positions of Police of West Sumatra. Commissioner of Police I Became Chief of Police Darwin Karim Residency West Sumatra.Effective as of March 3, 1946, Johny Anwar got a job taking office the Chief of Police Affairs with the rank of Padang City Police Commissioner II.

March,7th.1946

The original  Padang Tax office letter with hoemade paper.cover and letter send by courier.

’March,7th.1946.

 

THE RARE EARLIEST DUTCH NICA POSTAL USED COVER SEND FROM CDA 7.4.46 PANGKAL PINANG  BANGKA TO BATAVIA WITH CHINESE ADDRESS

March,11th.1946

The rare Dai Nippon Jva postal sationer 5 cent postally used expres mail with add  ovtp Repoblic Indonenesia  on overprint Dai nippon jave on DEI dancer stamp  from Pasoeroean to  Malang

Look the other  used off and framgmen M.O of the other series of NRI java double overprint on DN java stamps.(two pictures b)

March,12th.1946

Sjahrir publicly replies to Van Mook’s offer of February, demanding immediate recognition of Indonesia’s sovereignty without delay.


Sutan Sjahrir


Sjahrir had been a leading figure in the independence movement in the 1930s, and had spent time in the Boven Digul concentration camp. He organized the governments of the new Republic in 1945-1947, and spent a great deal of energy in negotiations with the Dutch.To some, Sjahrir was a respectable voice of moderation with an educated, Western outlook on things.

In his time, he was criticized both by Communists and by Army nationalists for being allegedly “pro-Dutch”. (Among other things, Sjahrir had married a Dutch woman when he was a young student in the Netherlands.) Conversely, Sjahrir was a critic of those who he felt had worked too closely with the Japanese, implicitly criticizing Sukarno as well.

 

The OVW battalion 1-8 RI is derived from the Interior Forces of Region 6 (Veluwe) and Region 5 (Achterhoek). After the training the battalion under the command of the 21st Army Group in Germany for monitoring tasks. Far as it did not. Through England, where the battalion was equipped with the necessary equipment, the battalion went to India. As the commander of the Southeast Asia Command (SEAC), the Admiral Mountbatten, from November 2, 1945 a landing ban on Java and Sumatra for Dutch troops had set was migrated to Malaya. This ban was lifted in March 1946. Shortly after arrival at Batavia on 12 March 1946 the battalion moved to Mr.. Cornelis. After about one week began posting the battalion to take over the British Indian Gurkhas in the sector Klender.


Control by 1-8 at RI station Klender infiltration Source: Guys act (J 279-10)

Through daily patrols and the surrounding villages to purify calm was again somewhat in this area. On 7 June the battalion took part in a cleansing action in relation brigade in the area between Klender and Pondok Gedeh. Four days later the battalion occupied Bekasi and posts were set up to Krandji, and Tjakoeng Oedjoengmenteng. In July the battalion to the area around Tangerang. On November 24 the battalion departed, after being relieved by elements of the “7 December Division”, to Padang on Sumatra middle. There the battalion deployed to guard barracks and city patrols and provided the guards at important buildings and objects such as the hospital, the fuel storage and the prison. Soon began the purification of several villages such as in Padang, Jawa and Baharoe Dalam. As a result there was an improvement in December, and it was a lot calmer and safer in the city. Gradually the “Haantjes” will henceforth be applied to items on the edge and outside Padang.

During the first police action began the battalion on the night of 20 on July 21, 1947 with the arrest of subversives and members of the NRA city police. The NRA’s managed buildings and institutions were also occupied and taken over. Also, the battalion went on to Boengoesbaai south of Padang. In the further course of action the battalion remained in reserve and was used wherever necessary. This was just the case with Loeboek Aloeng, north of Padang on Aug. 4 with an RJ-occupied to the constant threat of infiltration from the north to counter. In October 1947 the battalion took the items to include Loeboek Boeaja, Baringin, Loeboek Aloeng and Pasar Oesang about 1 RJ-northwest of Padang. Here the battalion remained until repatriation.

Established:
15/06/1945 Ermelo

Leaving England:
10/15/1945 Aldershot

Leaving India:
28/10/1945 a / b “New Amsterdam”

Check in Malacca:
11/20/1945 Kuala Ketjil

Check in India:
Batavia 08/03/1946

Added to:
T.T.C. West Java, * T.T.C. Central Sumatra

Classified by:
U-Brigade (B division)

Action area (s):
Batavia, Padang *

Commander:
Maj. W. Spiering 15-06-1945/07-06-1948

Repatriated:
24/04/1948 a / b “John v. oldebarneveldt”
18.05.1948 arrival Netherlands

Killed:
25 people

Nickname:
Veluwe Battalion, the “Haantjes”

At the village of Bekassi, 15 miles from Batavia in Java, the bodies of 20 Indian infantrymen and 5 Royal Air Force personnel killed by nationalist fighters after the crash landing of a Dakota transport aircraft near the village are uncovered and prepared for exhumation.

An Indonesian woman is questioned during an operation to capture nationalist fighters who killed 20 Indian infantrymen and 5 Royal Air Force aircrew after the crash landing of a Dakota transport aircraft near the village of Bekassi, 15 miles from Batavia in Java.

Indian troops with four armed Indonesians captured at Bekassi before the village was burnt as a reprisal for the murder of five members of the Royal Air Force and twenty Maharatta riflemen whose Dakota transport aircraft crash landed near the village.

sumber Imperial war musseum

 

 

 

 

March,14th.1946

 

uncommon without Republic ovpt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Look the closed up

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The extreme rare west Sumatra  red RepInd Overprint

Only one ever report in the worldcompare with uncommon black overprint below

 

 

 

 

 

uncommon black overprint

 

 

 

 

Buy corn for poor people

 

Rare pati revenue

 

 

 

 

On 14th of March

the final rounds of Indonesian-Dutch negotiations finally brought the two sides into final agreement in the resort of Linggadjati.

The de facto authority of the Republic if Indonesia over Java, Madura and Sumatra was recognized, and the governments of the Repulic and the Netherlands agreed to cooperate in the establishment of “a sovereign democratic state on the basis of a federation called the United States of Indonesia.

Once again the devil was in the details, since the Indonesian inclusion of word “sovereign” had effectively undermined the earlier Dutch proposal of a Netherlands-Indonesian Union headed by the Queen of the Netherlands.

The agreement was initialled on the same day, but remained subject to ratification by Republican parliament. On a wider scale it was clear that the military situation in the region was deteriorating, with Indonesian and Dutch politicians finding it hard to control their armed forces and commanders in the field as the British troops were being pulled out.


Tan Malaka was temporarily outmanouvred by strong-hand tactics of Sukarno, but he was still far too popular political figure to just disappear without a trace, and was merely temporarily imprisoned.

Within the Republic, the government hastily started to promote the merits of the agreement. Hatta described it as a springboard for the next phase in the campaign to create a sovereign Indonesian republic that would control the entire Dutch East Indies.

This failed to dampen all opposition, but Sukarno soon went ahead and promptly ordered Tan Malaka and other top leaders of the Unified Front to be arrested and simultaneously extented the parliamentary representation of the Republic to include all areas of NEI by immediately appointing new temporary governors for Borneo and the Great East. In practice and as a sign of things to come, these new representatives were all residents of Java and strong supporters of Sukarno.

The result was an assured pro-agreement majority and a clear signal that Sukarno would be both willing to play rough, and that he would not be content with a final agreement confining the Republic on Java and Sumarta. Both parties signed the basic terms of the Linggadjati Agreement on 25th of March 1946, three days after the official end of WWII.

Yet even before this the Dutch exiles had been doing the best they could to give them some kind of an alternative power base in NEI after the peace in Europe had left them effectively without homeland and future. In practice they had taken steps to create other “states” to act as counterweights to the Republic within the proposed USI.

 But while the Dutch navy continued to blockade the ports of the Republic and KNIL sought to bolster its ranks by any means necessary, van Mook was quick to take contact to Sjahrir and propose that the next step in implementing the Linggadjati Agreement would be the formation of an interim federal government, including representatives from the Republic, other “Indonesian states” and from the crown.

 A Council of Foreign Affairs would be constructed on a similar manner, and a Directorate of Internal Security would have to be set up so that a new joint Indonesian-Dutch gendarmerie could start to maintain law and order across the Indonesian archipelago.

In this situation the Dutch government-in-exile theoretized that they currently had four possible courses of action.
1.) Implement the agreement in full by conceding total control of Java, Sumatra and Madura to the nationalists.
2.) Try to persuade the the Republican government that a United States of Indonesia would best fulfil their nationalist aims.
3.) The third promoted option, use of armed force to crush the Republic, was quickly ruled out as military unfeasible and politically suicidal.


4.) and the final option was to surrender the entire problem for outside settlement before an outbreak of full-scale civil war. Even though the first option represented major political and military “defeat” and was still unacceptable to conservative members of the government, it was soon concluded that the second option was equally unlikely to find any real support among Republican leadership and that the Dutch simply lacked power to implement the third.


Republican armed forces were steadily gaining strength, while the Dutch government was increasingly hard-pressed to provide supplies and funding for KNIL.

Luckily for the Dutch, the American response to the ongoing crisis in the Dutch East Indies changed dramatically after the Zürich Accord was signed.

 Faced with the possibility of an all-out war and total breakup of Netherland East Indies, the Americans abandoned their policy of neutrality in the dispute as a part of the postwar foreign policy reform initiated by President Truman.

 On a wider scale traditional US anticolonianism was now tempered and modified by new-found desire to defend and promote the American core values of free markets, democracy and individualism through the globe outside the new German sphere of interest.

 In this respect it is understandable that the officials of State Department regarded that the Linggadjati Agreement was a godsent – a negotiated settlement between a former colonial power and an indigenous independence movement – and the Americans were keen to make it work in practice as well.

In concert with London they demanded modifications to the agreement to make the details more acceptable for Republic, and most importantly offered financial aid to assist Indonesia’s economic rehabilitation.

The State Department was thus more or less forcing the hand of the Dutch exiles. British government, in turn, was quick to state that they were more than willing to act as a neutral arbiter in the situation and made and offer of good offices to both parties. Based on this the UN Comittee of Good Offices (UNCGO) was organized within the recently established new world organization to settle the Indonesian question.

Each party in the conflict nominated one member and these two nominated the third. The Dutch nominated Belgium (Belgian government-in-exile to be more precise), the Republic nominated Australia and these two then brought in the USA.

For Indonesian nationalists this high-profile diplomacy provided further boost to their profile and local prestige. The Republic was recognized as a party to the international dispute among the former Allies in the UN, and its representatives led by Sjahrir represented their state in the ensuing debates. The only drawback for them was the fact that representatives from Dutch-propped Indonesian state of South Moluccas were also brought in.

The UNCGO arrived on Jakarta on May 1946, after a further Security Council resolution bolstered the official ceasefire that had been declared between KNIL and Indonesian armed factions as a part of Linggadjati Agreement,

but had since then been broken several times on local by both sides. Soon it was agreed that the following negotiations should take place at a neutral venue, and USS Renville soon sailed to the region from Okinawa. Led by Frank Porter Graham, UNCGO devised a new set of proposals

and increased State Department frustration to the unrealistic attitudes of Dutch government made the US to wield a big stick: in “strong informal representations” on the Dutch Embassy in Washington it was made clear that unless Graham’s proposals and political program would be accepted and implemented in full, the promised economic help for Dutch government would never materialize.

 

 

Kenyataan ini memperkuat tekad sumitro hadikusumo  untuk melawan Belanda dalam mempertahankan proklamasi kemerdekaan RI. Bersama Perdana Menteri Sutan Sjahrir, Sumitro dan Zairin pada 14 Maret 1946 menyusun argumentasi baru untuk menghadapi diplomasi Belanda.

(sumitro)

March,16th.1946

 

The complete  document with wage(loon or Oepah) Tax  with overprint repoeblik indonesia on dai nippon and dutch wage tax.

and unused Wade Tax Dai Nippon with rep.Indonesia overprin(may be fake overprint  becaus ethis revenue never overprint,please comment)

 

 

 

Unused typemachine overprint Republik Indonesia on Dai Nipponwage revenue

After this NRI Java issued meterai oepah(wage salary revenue),

 

 I only have the unussued collection which not known when the first used and what area,may be in 1946 or 1947,who have the used on document please contact me via my web blog

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

-Dr Iwan Note

March 17th.1946

On 17 March 1946,Tan Malaka and other struggle leaders were arrested – according to recent Indonesian writing  – by Republican forces on the orders of Sukarno. In the same month, the local chairman of the communist party (PKI) was also arrested.

Sjahrir and Sjarifuddin pull their followers out of Persatuan Perjuangan, arrest Tan Malaka and others.

 Tan Malaka is held in jail until September 1948.

Sjahrir secretly agrees with Dutch to negotiate for Republican control of Java, Madura and Sumatra only, in a political union with the Netherlands, Curaçao and Surinam.

 


Amir Sjarifuddin had been involved in the movements for Indonesian independence since the late 1930s.

During World War II, he led a small underground resistance against the Japanese occupation. He served with Sutan Sjahrir in several early governments of the Republic.

Just before the “Madiun incident” of September 1948, he revealed that he had been a secret member of the PKI for some time.

After the failed Communist revolt at Madiun, he was captured and executed by the military

 

March,19th.1946

The Dai Nippon  Malang Hyakkarten form use for recieved money  with NRI revenue -,15 cent.

 

March,25th.1946

The Bandoeng Information(ibid winkler,1948)

Before this happened (March 25, 1946) was terrorisiten the said part of the city on fire and then leave. Zeer together long restoring the city is now of the damage. The Laboratoria and collections with the Technisce University communicate, were for the most part on damage to his left and education warded modestly resumed the gebeek to arbeidakrachten and the still uncertain relationships restrict economic activity, textile companies are again run, and some other bedrijjes 9rubberwaren, paraffin candles). The small manufacturing plant raises her relapse. Overall they work to restore the meaning of the houses, which she thanks to its convenient location and climate had acquired the Geode will recover (DR O.kuperus)

 

 

Original info in dutch language

Voor dit gebeurde(25 maart 1946) werd door terrorisiten het genocmde gedeelte van de stad in brand gestoken en daarna verlaten. Zdeer langsaam herstelt de stad zich thans van de toegebrachte schade. De Laboratotia en verzamelingen die met de Technisce Hogeschool in verbinding staan,bleken voor het merendeel on beschadigd  te zijn gebleven en het onderwijs weerd op bescheiden schaal hervat, het gebeek aan arbeidakrachten en de nog steeds onzekere verhoudingen beperken de economische activiteit, textielbedrijven zijn weer in werking gesteld , evenals enkele andere bedrijjes 9rubberwaren,paraffinekaarsen). De kleinefabriek heft haar productie herval. Overall werkt men aan het herstel der huizen betekenis,die ze dank zij haar gunstige ligging en het geode klimaat had verkregen zal herwinnen(DR O.kuperus)

March,26th.1946

The recieved  of  koedoes and salatiga Study Fund from donatur  by IPI-ikatan peladjar Indonesia(Indonesia student association) with official choped on Rep.Indonesia revenue  -.15 sen

 

 

March,27th.1946

(a)The dai nippon Letter revenue(kertas meterai) 2604 padjak-segel used on  march,27th.1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b) Aceh kutaradja newspaper:”Semangat Merdeka” with some info

(a) Presiden and Vice President may be Visit Sumatra.

 

(b) The Indonesian Youngman with”Gemas” against English at Bandoeng

According to British news we heard last night said that Bandoeng had been occupied by the British. He said the action was carried out on the orders of supreme leader to mewnghentikan combustion (for re-enforce the Dutch colonization) are not useful and mortars firing on British troops and the former Allied Prisoners of War and internees (acting as kkai hand NICA). Action was achieved in 1 day and before the movement started by British forces, about 2 hours continuously England gave to the armed threat to leave the area or submit senjatanya.Beribu-thousand letters Distribution (phmaflet) deployed in the area south Bandoeng and loudspeakers every hour to deliver the threat. TRI that have the discipline to tell that they would leave the south, large segrombolan tertapi armed youths explained that they will not leave the place tersebut.Pemuda was originally intended to do the burning of houses and banguna stau night before the British troops advanced, but kemarisn said that the next news they get away, residents lose home-banyakibanyak tangga.Dilaporkan that the extrimis destroy 20% of the building, local leaders are not under orders to stay regular duties sepewrti (DR Iwan Note, these events are written lagus struggle memebrikan inspiration in Bandung, such as South Bandung, Hello-Hallo Bandung Bandung and write the South Lake of Fire)

 

 

original uinfo

Menurut berita Inggeris yang kita dengar tadi malam mengatakan bahwa Bandoeng telah diduduki oleh Inggris.

Katanya  tindakan itu dilakukan  atas perintah Pimpinan tertinggi untuk mewnghentikan pembakaran(untuk menegakkan  penjajahan Belanda kembali) yang tidak berguna dan penembakan mortir  atas pasukan Inggris dan bekas  Tawanan Perang Sekutu dan Interniran(bertindak sebagai kkai tangan NICA).

Tindakan itu tercapai  dalam 1 hari dan sebelum gerakan dimulai oleh pasukan Inggris,sekitar 2 hari  terus-menerus Inggris  memberikan ancaman kepada  kaum yang bersenjata supaya meninggalkan daerah tersebut atau menyerahkan senjatanya.

Beribu-ribu surat  Sebaran(phmaflet) disebarkan  didaerah selatan Bandoeng dan  pengeras suara setiap jam untuk  memberikan ancaman.

TRI yang  mempunyai tata tertib memberitahukan  bahwa mereka  akan meninggalkan daerah selatan, tertapi  segrombolan besar pemuda  yang bersenjata lengkap menerangkan,bahwa mereka tidak akan meninggalkan tempat tersebut.Pemuda tersebut semula berniat  melakukan pembakaran terhadap rumah-rumah  dan banguna stau malam sebelum pasukan Inggris maju,tetapi  kemarisn kata  berita itu 

selanjutnya mereka menyingkir diri,banyakibanyak penduduk kehilangan rumah-tangga.Dilaporkan bahwa  kaum extrimis  membinasakan 20% dari bangunan,pemimpin daerah tidak menurut perintah  untuk tetap tinggal menjalankan tugas sepewrti biasa(DR Iwan Note,

kejadian ini memebrikan inpirasi ditulisnya lagus perjuangan di bandung,seperti

 

 Bandung Selatan,Halo-Hallo Bandung dan tulis Bandung Selatan Lautan Api)

 

Read more

March,23th.1946

Candung Lautan Api

Sumber Wiki

Bandung Lautan Api

Bagian dari Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia

 

Tanggal

23 Maret 1946

Lokasi

Bandung

Hasil

Tentara Rakyat Indonesia mundur dari Bandung

Pihak yang terlibat

Indonesia

Inggris

Komandan

Muhammad Toha

Brigadir MacDonald

Peristiwa Bandung Lautan Api adalah peristiwa kebakaran besar yang terjadi di kota Bandung, provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia pada 24 Maret 1946. Dalam waktu tujuh jam, sekitar 200.000 penduduk Bandung[1] membakar rumah mereka, meninggalkan kota menuju pegunungan di daerah selatan Bandung. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mencegah tentara Sekutu dan tentara NICA Belanda untuk dapat menggunakan kota Bandung sebagai markas strategis militer dalam Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Latar belakang

Pasukan Inggris bagian dari Brigade MacDonald tiba di Bandung pada tanggal 12 Oktober 1945. Sejak semula hubungan mereka dengan pemerintah RI sudah tegang. Mereka menuntut agar semua senjata api yang ada di tangan penduduk, kecuali TKR dan polisi, diserahkan kepada mereka. Orang-orang Belanda yang baru dibebaskan dari kamp tawanan mulai melakukan tindakan-tindakan yang mulai mengganggu keamanan. Akibatnya, bentrokan bersenjata antara Inggris dan TKR tidak dapat dihindari. Malam tanggal 24 November 1945, TKR dan badan-badan perjuangan melancarkan serangan terhadap kedudukan-kedudukan Inggris di bagian utara, termasuk Hotel Homann dan Hotel Preanger yang mereka gunakan sebagai markas. Tiga hari kemudian, MacDonald menyampaikan ultimatum kepada Gubernur Jawa Barat agar Bandung Utara dikosongkan oleh penduduk Indonesia, termasuk pasukan bersenjata.

 

 

Monumen Bandung lautan api

Ultimatum Tentara Sekutu agar Tentara Republik Indonesia (TRI, TNI kala itu) meninggalkan kota Bandung mendorong TRI untuk melakukan operasi “bumihangus“. Para pejuang pihak Republik Indonesia tidak rela bila Kota Bandung dimanfaatkan oleh pihak Sekutu dan NICA. Keputusan untuk membumihanguskan Bandung diambil melalui musyawarah Madjelis Persatoean Perdjoangan Priangan (MP3) di hadapan semua kekuatan perjuangan pihak Republik Indonesia, pada tanggal 24 Maret 1946[2]. Kolonel Abdoel Haris Nasoetion selaku Komandan Divisi III TRI mengumumkan hasil musyawarah tersebut dan memerintahkan evakuasi Kota Bandung.[rujukan?] Hari itu juga, rombongan besar penduduk Bandung mengalir panjang meninggalkan kota Bandung dan malam itu pembakaran kota berlangsung.

Bandung sengaja dibakar oleh TRI dan rakyat setempat dengan maksud agar Sekutu tidak dapat menggunakan Bandung sebagai markas strategis militer. Di mana-mana asap hitam mengepul membubung tinggi di udara dan semua listrik mati. Tentara Inggris mulai menyerang sehingga pertempuran sengit terjadi. Pertempuran yang paling besar terjadi di Desa Dayeuhkolot, sebelah selatan Bandung, di mana terdapat gudang amunisi besar milik Tentara Sekutu. Dalam pertempuran ini Muhammad Toha dan Ramdan, dua anggota milisi BRI (Barisan Rakjat Indonesia) terjun dalam misi untuk menghancurkan gudang amunisi tersebut. Muhammad Toha berhasil meledakkan gudang tersebut dengan dinamit. Gudang besar itu meledak dan terbakar bersama kedua milisi tersebut di dalamnya. Staf pemerintahan kota Bandung pada mulanya akan tetap tinggal di dalam kota, tetapi demi keselamatan mereka, maka pada pukul 21.00 itu juga ikut dalam rombongan yang mengevakuasi dari Bandung. Sejak saat itu, kurang lebih pukul 24.00 Bandung Selatan telah kosong dari penduduk dan TRI. Tetapi api masih membubung membakar kota, sehingga Bandung pun menjadi lautan api.

Pembumihangusan Bandung tersebut dianggap merupakan strategi yang tepat dalam Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia karena kekuatan TRI dan milisi rakyat tidak sebanding dengan kekuatan pihak Sekutu dan NICA yang berjumlah besar. Setelah peristiwa tersebut, TRI bersama milisi rakyat melakukan perlawanan secara gerilya dari luar Bandung. Peristiwa ini mengilhami lagu Halo, Halo Bandung yang nama penciptanya masih menjadi bahan perdebatan.

Beberapa tahun kemudian, lagu “Halo, Halo Bandung” secara resmi ditulis, menjadi kenangan akan emosi yang para pejuang kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia alami saat itu, menunggu untuk kembali ke kota tercinta mereka yang telah menjadi lautan api.

[sunting] Asal istilah

Istilah Bandung Lautan Api menjadi istilah yang terkenal setelah peristiwa pembumihangusan tersebut. Jenderal A.H Nasution adalah Jenderal TRI yang dalam pertemuan di Regentsweg (sekarang Jalan Dewi Sartika), setelah kembali dari pertemuannya dengan Sutan Sjahrir di Jakarta, memutuskan strategi yang akan dilakukan terhadap Kota Bandung setelah menerima ultimatum Inggris tersebut.

 

“Jadi saya kembali dari Jakarta, setelah bicara dengan Sjahrir itu. Memang dalam pembicaraan itu di Regentsweg, di pertemuan itu, berbicaralah semua orang. Nah, disitu timbul pendapat dari Rukana, Komandan Polisi Militer di Bandung. Dia berpendapat, “Mari kita bikin Bandung Selatan menjadi lautan api.” Yang dia sebut lautan api, tetapi sebenarnya lautan air.” – A.H Nasution, 1 Mei 1997

Istilah Bandung Lautan Api muncul pula di harian Suara Merdeka tanggal 26 Maret 1946. Seorang wartawan muda saat itu, yaitu Atje Bastaman, menyaksikan pemandangan pembakaran Bandung dari bukit Gunung Leutik di sekitar Pameungpeuk, Garut. Dari puncak itu Atje Bastaman melihat Bandung yang memerah dari Cicadas sampai dengan Cimindi.

Setelah tiba di Tasikmalaya, Atje Bastaman dengan bersemangat segera menulis berita dan memberi judul “Bandoeng Djadi Laoetan Api”. Namun karena kurangnya ruang untuk tulisan judulnya, maka judul berita diperpendek menjadi “Bandoeng Laoetan Api”.

[sunting] Referensi

  1. 1.       ^ http://nationalgeographic.co.id/
  2. 2.       ^ Bandung Lautan Api

 

 

 

 

 

April 1946

the native Wayang repoblik calender April 1946,with the history of NRI  august until october 1945, and  Rabindranath Tagore phillosopny and Arabindo Ghose phillosophy.

 

APRIL 1946

By April 1946, the struggle of the people in the town of Padang and Surrounding areas Increased in the presence of NICA oppose a free ride with the Allied forces, WHO were the resource persons going to charge for the settlement of Japanese prisoners of war. Since the city of Padang and Surrounding areas into the arena of struggle or an arena of clashes the between fighters of the Republic of Indonesia with Allied / Dutch, of course Police act to protect the freedom fighters, even though Their actions in terms of security can not be justified in a world of peace. These experiences are also complicated to determine the agreement the between the National Police with the young fighter / BKR (Called the Dutch as “Extremist”) in determining the authority and responsibility for security in urban areas.

. December 27, 1949, the day of delivery of Dutch Sovereignty to the RIS (United States of Indonesia) was held in Padang city government delivery of Resident HTB (“Hoofd Tijdelijk Bestuur”) Van Straten to the governor of Central Sumatra, Mr. M. Nasroen.

On 17-8-1950 the RIS Officially disbanded and returned the Republic of Indonesia as a unitary state in the archipelago. Padang city police WHO Had been with the RIS police personnel status of the Dutch and the “cooperator” was again held a leadership mutation. To replace the positions left by “Dutchmen” was, was appointed by the Government of Indonesia is an Indonesian citizen police Republicans. In this case Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue (the Commissioner of Police I) Had been named Chief of Police City of Padang and Surrounding areas in order to form the structure and placement of personnel in accordance with Police Organizations of the Republic of Indonesia (Padang, June 1945).

April,1st.1946

The document of recieved money for buying one bicycle without mark with Revenue black small -,15 sen .

 

The rare NRI overprint the white of hinomaru became red-white with handwritten 17.8.45 on Dai Nippon Palembang Tjokin kyoky _ Postal saving book,the first saving 1-4.46

Front cover

 

Inside postal saving book

 

Thr label of NRI posal saving only from 1-4.46 until 2-5.46 The NRI only had power in Palembang Post Office almost one month only.

April,4th.1946


the error printing repoeblik Indonesia revenue, Off center and the  Repoeblik became at below of the revenue. compare with te normal printing revenue,

 

and the unsued  one full sheet f 0,15 sen revenue(not many used because the devaluation the rare  up,and still found unused in full and half sheet )

 

 

also the other error printing

 

(a) Rare error NRI Sumatra revenue missing “rai of meterai “became meter

 

 

April,8th,1946

(a)The recieved of House rent document ,by the Repoeblic Indonesia  Magelang Housing Office with official chope on NRI revenue -,15.cent.

(b) The recieved of NRI Phone office with NRI revenue -,15 blod type,this was the emergency homemade form.

(c) The letter fragment of small rep.Indonesia overprint on Dai Nipoon sumatra definitive 40 cent stamp used CDS Boekitinggi Indonesia 8.4.46(rare)

 

April ,9th.1946.

 

there was only one Indonesian 

People security power holding a multi-engine pilot license from the pre-war Dutch Flying School (but did not have an opportunity to fly during the 3.5-year Japanese occupation).

 He was assisted by a few Japanese pilots who decided to stay in the newly born country. The new roundel was created simply by painting white on the lower part of the Japanese Hinomaru, reflecting the red and white of the Indonesian flag. The People’s Security Force was then re-organized to form a formal armed force. This marked the birth of the Indonesian Air Force

on April 9, 1946.

(1)Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) is founded, with limited former Japanese small aircraft.King of Bone and the local Republican government are arrested by Dutch forces on Sulawesi.Dutch forces replace the British in Bandung. “Bandung Lautan Api”: Indonesians start to burn down the city rather than surrender it to the Dutch. Much of the southern part of Bandung is burned.Barisan Banteng rules Surakarta in defiance of the Sjahrir government.

 

 

 

 

April,9th.1946

very rare first palembang republic overprint RI in box on dai nippon occupation palembang and sumatra DN definitif stamp,used on PP 2 pospakket card send cds palembang to Pagaralam.

 

v.esbensen catalogue,this  handstamped overptint Palembang issues type 52, five different types are known,approximately 12 genuinely used entires exist of all types put together,look the catalogue book illustration below

 

Londen 12 April 1946

British and Dutch government leaders discuss Indonesia
Archibald Kerr, Hubertus van Mook, Dr. J.H.A. Logemann,
Prof. Ir. W. Schermerhorn, PM Clement Attlee

April ,14th.1946.

Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful

 

 

14 April 1946

Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at
Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful.

April,16th.1946

 

Mr Amir Sjarifuddin  the minestry Of defense NRI visist Sumatra Govenor mr Teukue Mohammad hasan

April,17th.1946

One day before the opening session of the Council of Representatives of Sumatra on 17 April 1946, taken a decision to divide daderah administration in three baagin namely North Sumatra, Sumatra, central and southern Sumatra, each led by a Governor Young. As a result of the conference decision, the Governor of Sumatra lifted Dr.Adnan Kapau Gani (Resident of Palembang) became Governor of South Sumatra Young, which include the residency of Palembang, Lampung, Bengkulu and bangka_Belitung. Then appointed Dr. M. Djamil (Resident of West Sumatra) was governor of Central Sumatra Young, which include the residency of western Sumatra, Riau and Djambi. In this kjaitan, Mr. Hermani, Governor Roving conjunct the interior minister, during a visit to Sumatra, along with Information Minister Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin in the month of April 1946, proposed to the governor to lift TTDaudyah Sumatra (Aceh resident) became Governor of North Sumatra Young, but one staff governor of Sumatra menginggatkan that TTDaudsyah is a son of Aceh and Sumatra as well as with the governor, so from a psychological view of both these officials come from one area of ​​residency, because we desire and aim toward the Indonesian national, then we should appoint a untu North Sumatran Governor Young, who qualified third psychological residencies that include North Sumatra. In regard to the governors of Sumatra Staff proposes to raise Mr.SMAmin, head of the Bureau of Justice residency of Aceh, North Sumatra Governor Young, since he was the son of a teacher from Mandailing (residency Tapanuli) was born in Raba Krueng Aceh Besar, married with a daughter Aceh.tinggal and work in Aceh and have the family in the Residency of East Sumatra, he summarily duikenal people in the Sumatran Utara.Stelah memepertimbangkan proposal, Sumatra Governor decided to appoint Mr. Young SMAmin became Governor of North Sumatra

Original Info

(sumber:  Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan,1986)

Satu hari sebelum  dibuka sidang Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Sumatra

pada tanggal 17 April 1946,

diambil suatu keputusan untuk membagi daderah administrasi pemerintahan dalam tiga baagin yaitu Sumatera Utara,Sumatera tengah dan sumatera Selatan , masing-masing dibawah pimpinan seorang Gubernur Muda.

Sebagai akibat keputusan konperensi tersebut, Gubernur Sumatera mengangkat Dr.Adnan kapau gani (Residen Palembang) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Selatan,yang meliputi Keresidenan Palembang,Lampung,Bengkulu dan bangka_Belitung.

 Kemudian diangkat dr M.Djamil (Residen sumatera Barat) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Tengah,yang meliputi  Keresidenan Sumatera barat,Riau dan Djambi.

Dalam kjaitan ini, Mr Hermani,Gubernur Keliling diperbantukan pada menteri dalam negeri, dalam kunjungan ke Sumatera bersama Menteri Penerangan Mr Amir Sjarifuddin dalam bulan april 1946,mengusulkan kepada gubernur sumatra supaya mengangkat T.T.Daudyah(Residen Aceh) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, akan tetapi salah seorang staf Gubernur Sumatra menginggatkan bahwa T.T.Daudsyah adalah seorang putera Aceh,dan demikian pula dengan gubernur sumatra, jadi dari pandangan psikologis kedua pejabat ini berasal dari satu daerah keresidenan,oleh karena kita berhasrat dan bertujuan ke arah nasional Indonesia,maka kita harus mengangkat seorang Gubernur Muda untuk sumatera Utara,yang memenuhi syarat psikologis ketiga keresidenan yang meliputi Sumatera Utara.

 Dalam kaitan itu Staf gubernur Sumatera tersebut mengusulkan supaya mengangkat Mr.S.M.Amin ,kepala Jawatan Kehakiman Keresidenan Aceh,menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, berhubung beliau adalah putera seorang guru dari Mandailing(keresidenan Tapanuli) lahir di Krueng Raba Aceh Besar,kawin dengan seorang puteri Aceh.tinggal dan bekerja di aceh dan mempunyai kaum keluarga di Keresidenan Sumatera Timur,ringkasnya beliau duikenal orang di sumatera Utara.

Setelah memepertimbangkan usul tersebut,Gubernur Sumatera memutuskan mengangkat Mr S.M.Amin menjadi Gubernur Muda sumatera Utara.

 

Ilustrasi dari buku, rombongan perwira Polisi NRI bersama Gubernur Sumatera Mr  Teuku Mhd Hasan dalam suatu kunjungan

(1) Komisaris Roestam Effendi.(2) Kepla intel (3) Komisaris  Elisa siregar(Kepala Polisis Lahuhan batu)(4) Mr Teuku Mohammad hasan Gubernur Sumatera

 

 

 

April,21th.1946

the earliest Used Overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Handelzegel(traderevenue)  2x f1.50 on complete document

April,25th.1946

Th rare post mark Bantoelah Pindjaman Nasional 1946(National o9bligation) on  prive chinese overseas card sent from moentilan to koedoes with Dai Nippon Java stamp  10 cent,

also look the two document relation with national obligations:

(a)  the other National fund 1946 postmark on Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cen postal stationer with PTT repoeblik Indonesia postmark,the stamp off,

(b)the form for buying the National fund obligation 1946

(c) The National fund obligation 1946 with interaest 4 % per years.

 

The John served as an MT Driver, with the 1st Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment.at Palembang

Some pictures on this page include Japanese soldiers. According to John, British Troops were sent in to Sumatra with orders to disarm the Japanese, but it was soon evident the Japanese were not at all keen to agree. Disarming them was not possible, but they reluctantly agreed to taking orders from the British, whilst keeping up the appearance of governing the majority of the Country themselves.

 

Moesi river Palembnag sketch 1946

 

Lord Louis Mountbatten inspect the guard of Honour of the 1st Battaliom at Palembang sumatra in Aprilm25th.1946

 

the 1st Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment.at Talang betutu Palembang Airfield

April.27th.1946

Postally used cover with Repoblik Dai nipppoon local sumatra definitive stamp 40 sen without overprint send from CDS padang to Bukittinggi.

April,28th.1946

 

Jendral Soedirman  inspection the  Japanese prisoner of war which collected at Malang.

 

May 1946

The PTT Batavia (AMACAB) Alliede Military Aministration Civil Affair Branch CDS on Nica USA wihelmina stamp PTT Batvia- C ,off cover collections(repair Postmark.(rare amacab postmark)

and look the illustration of Amacab Bandoeng officila handcpode on small book.

 

The native NRI calender May 1946 design wayang with NRI revolution info Nov 1945 with Jules Harmand and Thucijadides phylosophy.

 

The Vintage Book ‘s Illustration Of Gouvenur Sumatra T.M.Hassan  and Resident South sumatra Dr Mah.Isa when the gouvenor visit South sumatra.

 

the picture of  Sumatra NRI national Police ,Commisaris Roestam effendi and commisaris Elias Siregar ,chief police intel Labuhan Batu) with Guvernor sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan during visit Labuhan batu,east sumatra .

.

 

the picture of Banteng(bull) republic,the people lasjkar

 

b. Barisan SPECIAL POLICE

 

F.L. TOBING

Top of Form

1). Tapanuli Residency Government Leader Dr  FL Tobing taken  Decision to form a special sequence  Police after  seen remarkable development of the Special Police Forces Balige and insistence INDONESIA NATIONAL COMMITTEE.

Resident Tapanuli Government at tarutung  ordered to move the Police Special Forces under the leadership of MAS KADIRAN  from Balige to Tarutung and handed over to the  Toba Police Sihombing Sarif.

2) Special Police Forces moved to the capital in Tarutung Tapanuli with the task of enforcing the law and maintaining security and ensure the safety of the entire residency Tapanuli, based on the decision of Mr Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli “POLICE SPECIAL FORCES” and changed its name to
“POLICE Khuus Tapanuli residency”.

3). By changing the name of “SPECIAL FORCES POLICE” to “POLICE SPECIALROWS” scope and greater strength then MAS KADIRAN want to add strength and weapons and demolition plan

Soon Mas KADIRAN execute talks with Japanese Army Chief in Tarutung, Sibolga, Padang Sisempuan  and  Kotanopan city . Regarding submission of Weapons and Ammunition

 From the results of these negotiations MAS KADIRAN received weapons from the Japanese army in the form of eight shoots Machine Gun Bren MK-II, Aircraft Machine Gun Shooter 2 shoots and ammunition of various types of weapons and 8 Peti 100 bags

4). With increasing Weapons and ammunition Japanese Army then MAS KADIRAN add 100 Members

5) Taken away from former Japanese soldiers, GYOGUN, HEIHO and Youth-Youth from across the region in the Residency Tapanuli up to 350 people with Organic arrangement consists of three parts Rifle 180 people, and Members of the Procurement section 40. 1 Armament chapter 15, and Section of Health 15.
visible image when the vice president visited the High Cliff Moh.Hatta eastern Sumatra.

c. SOCIAL REVOLUTION IN Tapanuli

1). The existence of the elements of the Regional Security Pengacau Tapanuli calling itself “The Warriors” of eastern Sumatra comprising Ft RATE, INTEREST RATE Tapanuli Aceh and led by ARIFIN Nainggolan with his friends in order to catch the leader (KING) in the entire Tapanuli,

With the advent of Social Revolutionary Movement of East Sumatra, the Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli MEMRINTAHKAN AGAR Leadership Special Police stopped and held back by MAS KADIRAN

2) Social Movements and Revolutionary Sidikalang Samosir.

After receiving orders from Redien Tapanuli, the MAS KADIRAN berkoordinasikan the Brigade Commander XI Tapanuli south Regiment – III TRI, Lieutenant Colonel Jansen Siahaan,

 In coordination, agreed to cooperate in the suppression of what SOCIAL REVOLUTION MOVEMENT called East Sumatra.

3). On the appointed day XI TRI Regiment – Third Brigade Tapanuli south, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Jansen Siahaan SPECIAL POLICE Mas Kadiran move towards Pangururan through Dolok bun and TELE.

Arriving at Pangururan, TRI-III Force Regiment and the Brigade XI SPECIAL POLICE Barisan residency Tapanuli happen shootout (shoot shoot) with PEOPLE Warriors will make the Social Revolution in Tapanuli.

 In this battle Pangururan City didududki and EVERYONE can be disabled and the leader of Laskar Alimin Nainggolan can be captured and become prisoners transported to Balige with arms and ammunition.

4). after destroying Social Revolution in Samosir the TRI and BIP move towards Sidikalang to extinguish the Social Revolutionary Movement in Tapanuli to the border region between Tapanuli and Aceh,

 After more than two months in charge at the Dairi Dairi TRI Head of Government – I Regiment Brigade XI and negotiations with the Barisan doing this SPECIAL POLICE CHIEF CHIEF CHIEF-ADAT and party negotiations can be agreed that the Social Revolution in stop and never happen again.

So TRI and BIP can restore and recover the Dairi and Regional Security in the vicinity.

5) In the BIP and TRI served in Dairi, Tarutung arrest of Tapanuli residency heads and staff and maintained in the cost Balige as an accomplice to the Netherlands with “FRONT Tarutung Volk” and be taken to court Siantar East Sumatra.

In order to enforce the law and restore the authority of the police. MAS KADIRAN take steps to conduct negotiations between the Republic of Indonesia to the Chairman of the People, and the FRONT PARTY CHAIRMAN Pesindo,

 The result of the negotiations held in mind that according to the review by the Head of Legal Tarutung no evidence PolisiKeresidenan Tapanuli as Hand Foot Foot Netherlands Tapanuli and finally police chief. Police Residency Tapanuli M. Nurdin and his staff were released and returned to duty in Tarutung.

d. SPECIAL POLICE row Move To Sibolga

Because state Politis, Tapanuli headquarters moved to Sibolga, then the order of the Resident Tapanuli Dr FL Tobing, The Army and SPECIAL pollicis Tapanuli Kereresidenan transferred to Sibolga in mid-May 1946 and MAS KADIRAN build a dormitory for the members of Barisan SPECIAL POLICE in Sibolga

Original Info

Top of Form

b. Barisan Pilisi KHUSUS


1). Pemerintah
 Keresidenan  Tapanuli Pemimpin Dr F.L. Tobing

 mengamambil. Keputusan  membentuk Barisan Khusus Kepolidsian melihat perkembangan yang luar biasa dari  Pasukan  Polisi  Khusus Balige  dan desakan INDONESIA KOMITE NASIONAL.

 

Residen Taoanuli  memerintahkan  Pemerintah  Tarutung di Tapanuli  untuk memindahkan  Polisi Pasukan Khusus  dibawah pemimpinan MAS KADIRAN dari  Balige  ke  Tarutung dan diserahkan kepada Polisi Toba Sihombing Sarif.

2) Pasukan Polisi Khusus pindah ke ibukota Tapanuli di Tarutung dengan tugas menegakkan hukum dan menjaga keamanan dan menjamin keamanan seluruh  keresidenan Tapanuli , berdasarkan keputusan dari Mr Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli “PASUKAN KHUSUS POLISI” dan mengubah namanya menjadi

” POLISI  Khuus Keresidenan Tapanuli  “.


3). Dengan mengubah nama “PASUKAN KHUSUS POLISI” untuk “POLISI Barisan KHUSUS” lingkup dan kekuatan yang lebih besar maka MAS KADIRAN ingin menambah kekuatan dan senjata dan
merencanakan pembongkaran

 

Segera  Mas KADIRAN  melaksanakan  pembicaraan dengan Kepala Angkatan Darat Jepang di  Tarutung, Sibolga , Padang Sidempuan dan Kota Nopan. Mengenai penyerahan Senjata dan Amunisi

 

 Dari hasil  negosiasi tersebut MAS KADIRAN menerima senjata dari tentara Jepang dalam bentuk delapan pucuk Bren Machine Gun MK-II, Pesawat Machine Gun Shooter 2 pucuk dan amunisi dari berbagai jenis senjata 100 karung dan 8 Peti


4). Dengan meningkatnya Senjata dan amunisi Angkatan Darat Jepang kemudian MAS KADIRAN menambah 100 Anggota


5)
Diambil  lagi dari mantan tentara Jepang , GYOGUN, HEIHO dan Pemuda-Pemuda dari seluruh wilayah di  Keresidenan Tapanuli  hingga 350 orang dengan pengaturan Organik terdiri dari tiga bagian Rifle 180 orang, Pengadaan seksi dan Anggota 40 orang. 1 Persenjataan pasal 15, dan Bagian Kesehatan 15.
terlihat gambar wakil presiden Moh.Hatta ketika mengunjungi Tebing Tinggi timur sumatra.

 

c. REVOLUSI SOSIAL DI Tapanuli


1). Keberadaan unsur-unsur dalam Pengacau Keamanan Daerah Tapanuli yang menamakan dirinya “Orang Laskar” dari Sumatera Timur yang terdiri dari RATE Ft, SUKU BUNGA Tapanuli ACEH dan dipimpin oleh ARIFIN Nainggolan bersama teman-temannya dengan maksud untuk menangkap pemimpin (RAJA) yang ada di seluruh Tapanuli,

 

Dengan munculnya Gerakan Revolusioner Sosial Sumatera Timur, maka  Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli  MEMRINTAHKAN AGAR Kepemimpinan Polisi Khusus  berhenti   dan dijabat kembali oleh MAS KADIRAN

 

2)Gerakan Sosial Revolusioner di Samosir dan Sidikalang.


Setelah menerima perintah dari
 Redien Tapanuli , maka MAS KADIRAN berkoordinasikan dengan Komandan  Brigade XI Tapanuli selatan Resimen – III TRI , Letnan Kolonel  Jansen  Siahaan ,

 

 Dalam koordinasi, disepakati untuk bekerja sama dalam penindasan apa GERAKAN namanya REVOLUSI SOSIAL Sumatera Timur .


3). Pada hari yang ditentukan Resimen
 XI TRI – Brigade Ketiga Tapanuli selatan , Letnan Kolonel  Jansen Siahaan  dan Pemimpin POLISI KHUSUS  Mas Kadiran bergerak menuju Pangururan  melalui Dolok Sanggul dan TELE.

 

Sesampainya di Pangururan, Angkatan Resimen TRI-III Brigade XI dan Barisan KHUSUS POLISI residensi Tapanuli terjadi Bakutembak (tembak menembak) dengan ORANG Laskar yang akan membuat Revolusi Sosial di Tapanuli.

 

 Dalam pertempuran ini  Kota Pangururan dapat didududki dan ORANG Laskar dapat dinonaktifkan dan pemimpin Alimin Nainggolan dapat ditangkap dan menjadi tahanan diangkut ke Balige  bersama persenjataan dan amunisi.


4). setelah menghancurkan Revolusi Sosial di Samosir yang TRI dan BIP bergerak menuju Sidikalang untuk memadamkan Gerakan Revolusioner Sosial di Tapanuli ke daerah perbatasan antara Tapanuli dan Aceh,

 

 Setelah lebih dari dua bulan bertugas di Dairi Kepala TRI Dairi Pemerintah – I Resimen Brigade XI dan negosiasi Barisan melakukan KHUSUS POLISI dengan ini dengan-KETUA KETUA KETUA ADAT dan Partai negosiasi dapat disepakati bahwa Revolusi Sosial di berhenti dan tidak pernah terjadi lagi.

 

Jadi TRI dan BIP dapat mengembalikan dan memulihkan Keamanan Regional di Dairi dan sekitarnya.

5) Pada BIP dan TRI bertugas di Dairi, Tarutung penangkapan dari Tapanuli residensi kepala dan staf-staf dan diselenggarakan dalam biaya Balige sebagai kaki tangan dengan Belanda dengan “FRONT Volk Tarutung” dan akan dibawa ke  Pengadilan Pematang Siantar  Sumatera  Timur .

 

 

Dalam rangka menegakkan hukum dan mengembalikan Kewibawaan Polisi . MAS KADIRAN mengambil langkah untuk mengadakan perundingan  antara Republik Indonesia dengan  Ketua Rakyat  , KETUA FRONT dan PIHAK Pesindo,

 

 Hasil dari perundingan yang diselenggarakan  diketahui bahwa menurut pemeriksaan  oleh Kepala Hukum  Tarutung  tidak ada bukti PolisiKeresidenan tapanuli sebagai Kaki Tangan Kaki  Belanda di tapanuli  dan  akhirnya  Polisi Kepala. Polisi Keresidenan tapanuli  M. Nurdin dan stafnya dibebaskan dan kembali bertugas di Tarutung.

d. Barisan POLISI KHUSUS Pindah Ke Sibolga


Karena
 Keadaan Politis , Markas Tapanuli dipindahkan ke Sibolga, maka atas perintah Residen   Tapanuli Dr FL Tobing , Perangkat Angkatan Darat dan Polisis KHUSUS Tapanuli Kereresidenan  dipindahkan  ke Sibolga pada pertengahan Mei 1946  dan MAS  KADIRAN membangun asrama bagi anggota  Barisan POLISI KHUSUS di Sibolga

May,1st.1946

The collection of verious type fifteen sen -,15 sen  black repoeblik Indonesia java revenue unperfortated,earlist date 1.5.46, the latest date 1.7.46.

 

 

and other collection the latest date  7.12.1946.

also one full sheet revenue -.15 sen  in red ,one error plate 93 Lime belas  from normal limabelas.

 

(amizing historic revenue collections)

 

 

May,2nd.1946

The rare Djakarta Emergency Porto handchopped on postally used cover from solo to Djakrta,(gis the rare collections of Mr Ricardo ever show at Indonesia phillatelic exhibiton 1995  at Djakarta Fair Kemayoran-Dr Iwan Nite,sorry this fotocopy recoloured)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May.6th.1946

 

The earliest used Machinal machine overprint of North Sumatra this day,CDS Medan 6.5.-46,coomon CTO,both loose and on cover,approximately 75 genuninely used entires exist. Look book illustration below(V.esbensen,1980)

 

 

Another information from Dai Nippon catalogue,1981.Machinal overprint with new nominal ,issued at Pematang siantar in Black bar, on DEI karbouw series overprint type 23.(look the book illustration and Dr iwan collections)

 

 

This type machinal overprint also in may type Dai Nippon Stamp from some residency areal ,this was very specialistist ,like from

Dai Nippon IP Lengkong (IPL) handstamped

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dai Nippon overprint star Aceh,AND FOTOCOPY EX DR IWAN COLLECTION USED AT Pajakoemboeh(all dai Nippon stamp from ll residency pull to pematangsiantar ,get machinak overptit repoeblic with bar,and redistribution to all residency Sumatra,that is why the dai Nippon aceh star stamp after nri overprint redistribution to west Sumatra and used cds pajakoemboeh,interesting postal history,amazing.

 

 

 

Dai Nippon yubin Overprint on the top and red Dai Nippon chopped(unidentified) at the center of stamp,this very rare.not list in TMA catalogue ,only one ever seen

TMA Indonesian specialist catalogue discussed this overprint,please look at that catalogue iisued by Suwito Harsono,and now also by Indonesian  specialist Catalogue 2009

 

 

 

 

 

And  overprint type 24 east sumatra dai nippon yubin

 

 

Overprint with two bar and new nominal on konijnenberg stamps with and withour Rep.Indonesia overprint

(double and triple overprint)

 

May,7th.1946

(a)Same as before document, the recieved of House rent bill by the NRI Magelang Housing Office

 

(b) the rare error printing bold f 1,50 repoblik Indonesia sumatra revenue,used on fragment ,compere with the normal revenue.

 

May,8th.1946

The House rental biiling from Malang,with NRI revenue ,the Dai Nippon form  overprint by typewriter.,ichi gatsun became Boelan(month) IV-1946

 

 

Hudoosan Kanrikoodan typewriter overprint kantor peroemahan(housing Offices)

 

The NRI phone billing,very small and native typewriter form

 

 

Look carefully this used NRI  phone billing form

The fotocopy of rare fragmen overprint  Middle Sumatra small repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon definitive Sumatra 40 cent send from  CDS Boekittingi 8.4.46

 

 

May,9th.1946

The very rare postally used Palembang handoverprint RI on box ,money order cds pagaralam south Sumatra.

 

The overprint typev52 above,had five different types are known,known CTO Palembang,pladjoe,and pendopo.Genuinely used at Batoeradja,Martapoera,and Palembang.Approximately 12 genuinely used entire exist of all types put together,the earliest date 8.4.46 Palembang.

 

 

May,10th.1946

Postally used registered cover with typewriter overprint tandjongradja on talanggehar label, send from Tandjongradja(south Sumatra) to the same village , with 25 X overprint RI in box on  Dai Nippon def.stamp 40 cent(rate f1.-)

(fotocopy of Ricardo collections)

 

This NRI Handstamped Overprint Palembang issued type 51 violet.V.esbensen  in his catalogue(1980) written:’Only one used cover exist definitive 30cent(10x),CDS Tandjongradja 2.5.47 on back cover and no fragment or loose used stamps known.

With Ricardo collection and vrijdag collections in the catalogue, until now there were two postally used cover exist in the world,doeas anyone have another sample?please contact Dr Iwan to put in this e-book CD-ROM.

 

 

May,11th.1946

The rare Trade revenue overprint repoeblik Indonesia on complete document.

 

May,12th.1946

Penghimpunan Anggota Kepolisian dalam P3RI
Perasaan senasib dan sepenanggungan di antara sesama warga kepolisian memunculkan keinginan untuk mewadahi seluruh warga kepolisian dalam satu organisasi.

Keinginan itu diwujudkan dengan pembentukan Persatuan Pegawai Polisi Republik Indonesia (P3RI) di Madiun pada 12 Mei 1946.

Tujuan didirikannya organisasi ini adalah dalam rangka memper- satukan berbagai organisasi perjuangan kepolisian di berbagai daerah seperti Angkatan Muda Polisi RI (AMPRI) Yogyakarta, Pemuda Polisi RI (PPRI) Kediri, Barisan Polisi Istimewa (BPI) Solo, Persatuan Sekerja Polisi (PSP) Purwokerto, dan Ikatan Buruh Polisi Republik Indonesia (IBPRI) Bojonegoro.

Revolusi

 

May,13th.1946

With the removal of senior police officers from Padang to Bukittinggi, Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue gets the task to foster and develop the organization’s Special Police. Exercises for Special Police started on May 13, 1946 until August 17, 1946 located at the police complex, Jl. Birugo Bukittinggi (now complex SMA Negeri 2). The Instructors at the Special Police training is comprised of police officers and TRI and civilian government officials.

Special Police Seselesainya exercise, in New York City was inaugurated by the Chief of Police of West Sumatra Residency establishment “Barisan Special Police” (BIP). Members of the BIP are members drawn from the Special Police Bukittinggi graduate training and selection of members of the Police Who Are experienced in the struggle in front of Padang. As a commander for the BIP was appointed Superintendent of West Sumatra, I Amir Mahmud starting September 1946. Then in terms of uniformity units Police, West Sumatra, BIP was transformed into West Sumatra Mobiele Brigade (Brigade Mobiele Name / MOBBRIG later Became Brigade / BRIMOB).

May,11th.1946

The earliest used on document,trade revenue overprint repoeblik Indonesia on dutch trade revenue  f6,-

May,15th.1946(b)

The very rare and historic document of middle sumatra  Circulair Letter issued by The chief  of NRI PTTT  Middle Sumatra Mas sudibjo.on native  primitive” kertas merang”(b)

REGIONAL HEAD OFFICE

PTT SOEMATREA CENTRAL

PADANG

Padang 15th May 1946

LETTER CIRCULAR

Regional Head PTTR in Boekittinggi telegraph (telegraph) zebagai Here:

Request submitted pengaharapan (wish) I as follows, sesungguhpun know / feel one (feel) I think a comma employee difficulties that we are not spared from the obligation as citizens generally NRI employees PTTR particular point. because the atmosphere today is so precarious coma and struggles PTTR lighting is very important we get the point I hope is that all employees of the postal telegraph telephone PTTR raio and techniques to meet its obligations even harder and now with the wisdom to overcome all kewsukaran with each fixed point free.

The call of our leaders in Boekittinggi have krera (seing) dengsr which time we no longer meaningful for us, even as we wind through the course which, after passing, do not have the scars anymore. but it is not one of our leaders, nor salahseruan it, because our leaders are forced to repeat (repeat) call-serua. let us find what sevbanya appeal was not successful (a) satisfactory. Let us look for cause-sebanya,

Especially we should ask ourselves dirti us, why should we uphold and maintain our independence and how we are? (Not our freedom someone or yourself). The question was not necessary kirta answered with a loud, because the answers are found (obtained) with a hard twelah that we are our words, let us jwab question within our own hearts, with a pure heart, with God Almighty Ynang as a witness. may be among us there are different answers and the answer issued by keras.Buat their voices in the present is still padaAllah so we ask the Almighty, let’s hope they can diinsjafkan.

I believe. That some of the greatest of the employees could PTTR Memperthankan Nusa Independence and the nation with the body and jiwanya.Saya understand, bhawa they want to become fighters dibarisan skali front. I then understood also that such a high spirit of struggle is very difficult to calm. they do not feel happy because there is no chance to prove it’s ability dibaris front, but they forget that there are struggles in the front row behind dapula barisa. Front row (front) becomes weakened, even disappeared jikia unassisted rearguard. Conversely also rearguard will not achieve victory, not the goal juika dperjuangkan by vanguard (Army). It is evident that the second-row two equally important and equally pulanh derajatnya.Tidak where we feel inferior or disadvantaged (more or less) than the soldiers . if a soldier fallen in its obligations, he is revered as a hero who did not know fear. We who fought back digais, the daily suffering some kind of trouble, such as shortages of food, clothing and others, we see how difficult it is our family’s life, see also, that aank wife will gradually become thinner, although the difficulty of such circumstances we do not stop stopped menjalalankan obligations, we are struggling for Independence homeland and we actually Nation kita.Bukankah Phlawan a very high degree? It’s just generally not buzzed-dengungkan kita.itupun services and personnel are not necessary, because our purpose is not to find a name, do not seek power, we have only one objective, namely Independence homeland and nation.

How is our official position (PTTR) perjuanagn Inui future? We all know that PTTR is an official who maintains communications, transportation is needed at all by the government, by TRI, for memperjuangka our Independence. If communications break, orders and instructions issued by the center will not reach the branches and twigs, so it will be chaos arises. Masyarakatpun need pejabatan (office) PTTR, how perkabaran (news) will be able to walk, if not menyelenggarakannya PTTR? We still remember, bhawa PTTR who awaken and encourage Sumatra towards independence, because PTTR that can broadcast any news diteria of Jawa.Tidak need to be explained further, that the actual PTTR sjaraf veins in the fight and just hope the above information masyarakat.Dengan employees PTTR will insjaf about the importance of strength in the struggle for Independence, and will insjaf also about obligations. However, until now among employees PTTR there are those who ignore ignore his service (wasting), which mnmenganggap PTTR penting.adapula not that sad attitude, namely to consider itself independent of all rules and obligations, they are not obedient to the leader. Taanyakan power to them (ask) Dimanakas over the world there are sodium absorption ratio independent states have rules and discipline? If they are with actual, as the true desires of Independence Indonesia Tanah water was not likely the incident mentioned above.

Let our slogan: “Once Free REMAIN freedom” we added to the “CAN sick with various DIFFICULTIES FOR INDEPENDENCE:

Independent

Regional Head Central PTTR S.

handSigns  Soedibjo

To all Employees PTTR

Central Sumatra

Head to Head-office, was asked this eruan letter read to employees, if necessary with the lighting, After that each employee should read his own and signed tanganinya

The regional head S.tengah PTTR

Soedibjo signature.

 (Mas Soedibjo)

 

 

 

original Info

 

KANTOR KEPALA DAERAH

PTT SOEMATERA TENGAH

PADANG

Padang  15 mei 1946

SURAT EDARAN

Kepala Daerah  PTTR di Boekittinggi  mengawatkan(telegram) zebagai Berikut :

Minta disampaikan pengaharapan (wish)  saya sebagai berikut, sesungguhpun  mengetahui/merasai(merasakan)  kesukaran  pegawai koma saya berpendapat  yang kita tak luput dari kewajiban sebagai warga negara NRI  umumnya  pegawai  PTTR  khususnya  titik  . karena  suasana dewasa ini sangat genting koma penerangan PTTR dan  perjuangan kita bertambah penting sekali titik saya  berharap  sangat agar  seluruh pegawai PTTR pos telegram telefon  raio dan teknik memenuhi kewajibannya lebih giat lagi dan sekarang  dengan mengatasi segala kewsukaran dengan  kebijaksanaan masing-masing titik tetap merdeka.

Seruan pemimpin kita di Boekittinggi telah krera(seing) kali kita dengsr yang mana tidak berarti  lagi buat kita, malahan seperti  angin saja jang melalui kita, sesudah lewat,tidak ada bekasnya lagi. akan tetapi  itu bukanlah salah pemimpin kita, dan  juga bukan salahseruan itu,oleh karena  pemimpin kita terpaksa  mengulang-ulang(repeat) seruan-serua. marilah kita mencari apa sevbanya seruan  itu tidak berhasil yang(dengan) memuaskan .Marilah kita mencari  sebab-sebanya,

Terutama kita harus bertanya kepada dirti kita kita sendiri, mengapa kita  menegakkan dan mempertahankan Kemerdekaan kita dan bagaiman kita?(bukan kemerdekaan kita seseorang atau sendiri).Pertanyaan itu tidak perlu kirta jawab dengan secara keras, karena jawaban yang didapati(diperoleh) dengan secara keras itu twelah kita sama kata kami, marilah kita jwab  pertanyaan itu didalam hati kita sendiri,  dengan hati yang suci, dengan Allah Ynang Mahakuasa sebagai saksi. boleh jadi diantara kita ada yang jawabannya  berlainan dan dengan jawaban yang dikeluarkan dengan suara keras.Buat mereka yang dimasa sekarang masih bersifat demikian  kita mohon padaAllah Yang Maha Esa, moga-moga mereka dapat diinsjafkan.

Saya percaya .bahwa  sebagian yang paling besar dari pegawai PTTR sanggup Memperthankan Kemerdekaan Nusa dan bangsa dengan raga dan jiwanya.Saya mengerti, bhawa mereka ingin skali menjadi  pejuang dibarisan depan. Sayapun mengerti pula, bahwa semangat  perjuangan yang sedemikian tinggi sulit sekali dapat disabrkan (ditenagkan). mereka merasa tidak senang karena tidak ada kesempatan untuk membuktikan kesanggupan itu dibaris depan,akan tetapi  mereka melupakan bahwa didalam perjuangan ada barisan depan dapula barisa  belakang. Barisan Muka(depan) menjadi lemah , bahkan lenyap jikia tidak dibantu barisan belakang. Sebaliknya pula barisan belakang tidak akan mencapai kemenangan ,juika tujuannya tidak dperjuangkan oleh barisan depan(Tentara).NYatalah ,bahwa kedua-dua barisan itu sama pentingnya dan sama pulanh derajatnya.Tidak tempatnya  kita merasa lebih rendah atau berkekurangan(lebih kurang) dari pada tentara.Djika seorang prajurit gugur didalam menjalankan kewajibannya,maka ia dihormati sebagai pahlawan yang tidak tahu akan ketakutan. Kita yang berjuang digais belakang,sehari-hari menderita beberapa macam kesulitan,misalnya kekurangan makanan,pakaian dan lain lain,kita melihat bagaimana sulitnya kehidupan keluarga kita,melihat pula,bahwa aank isteri kita makin lama makin kurus,walaupun keadaan demikian sulitnya kita tidak berhenti-henti menjalalankan kewajiban ,kita berjuang buat Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan Bangsa kita.Bukankah kita sebenarnya Phlawan yang amat tinggi derajatnya? Hanya  saja  umum tidak mendengung-dengungkan jasa dan tenaga kita.itupun tidak perlu, karena tujuan kita tidak mencari nama,tidak mencari pangkat, kita hanya mempunyai satu tujuan,yaitu Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan bangsa.

 

Bagaimanakah kedudukan Pejabat kita (PTTR) dimasa perjuanagn inui? Kita semua mengetahui bahwa PTTR adalah sebuah pejabat  yang  memelihara perhubungan,perhubungan ini dibutuhkan sekali  oleh pemerintah,oleh TRI, untuk memperjuangka Kemerdekaan kita.  Jika perhubungan putus,perintah dan instruksi yang dikeluarkan oleh pusat tidak akan sampai di  cabang dan ranting-rantingnya, sehingga akan timbullah kekacauan. Masyarakatpun membutuhkan pejabatan(kantor) PTTR, bagaimana perkabaran(berita)  akan dapat berjalan,jika  PTTR tidak menyelenggarakannya? kIta masih ingat,bhawa PTTR lah yang membangunkan dan mendorong Sumatra kearah Kemerdekaan,karena PTTR  yang dapat menyiarkan segala berita yang diteria dari Jawa.Tidak perlu diterangkan lebih jauh, bahwa PTTR  sebenarnya urat sjaraf didalam perjuangan  dan masyarakat.Dengan penerangan diatas  saja harap pegawai PTTR  akan insjaf tentang pentingnya tenaganya didalam perjuangan Kemerdekaan  ini, dan akan insjaf pula tentang kewajibannya. Akan tetapi hingga sekarang diantara pegawai PTTR masih ada yang mengabai-abaikan dinasnya(menyia-nyiakan) , yang mnmenganggap PTTR  tidak penting.adapula  yang sikapnya menyedihkan ,yaitu untuk yang menganggap  dirinya  merdeka dari segala peraturan dan kewajiban, mereka tidak patuh kepada pemimpinnya. Kepada mereka itu daya taanyakan(bertanya) Dimanakas diatas dunia ini ada negara merdeka yang tiak mempunyai peraturan dan disiplin?Jika mereka dengan sebenarnya,sebagai orang Indonesia sejati menghendaki Kemerdekaan Tanah Airnya tidak mungkin kejadian yang tersebut diatas.

Marilah semboyan kita:”SEKALI MERDEKA TETAP MERDEKA” kita tambah dengan”SANGGUP MENDERITA BERMACAM-MACAM KESULITAN UNTUK KEMERDEKAAN:

MERDEKA

Kepala Daerah PTTR S.Tengah

Tanda tanggan Soedibjo

Kepada Seluruh Pegawai PTTR

Sumatera tengah

Kepada Kepala-Kepala kantor, diminta Surat eruan ini dibacakan kepada pegawainya,jika perlu dengan penerangan,Sesudah itu masing-masing pegawai harus membaca sendiri dan menanda tanganinya

Kepala daerah PTTR S.tengah

tanda tangan Soedibjo.(Mas Soedibjo)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This historic document near broken  because burn by the PTT Middle Sumatra Office at Padang Post Office were rebuild ,very lucky my friend the Building contractor get the fire off and the document gave to Dr Iwan iand still in his collections until now.

May,18th.1948

The Palembang Gas Billing with Dai Nippon sumatra Revenue with Palembang overprint.

 

Violence between Toba and Karo Bataks in Sumatra.Nasution takes command of the new Siliwangi division of Angkatan Darat (the army), named after the first king of Pajajaran.Soedirman gives speech with Sukarno present: government must work for the principles of the Constitution (UUD 45) and independence.

 

 

May,23th.1946

The Article :The Red-White flag and the Beginning Merdeka” My Mr. M.slamet ,Den Haag ,23 mei 1946,(the article from Netherland by Indonesian scholar,the complete info did not show because to long article,if some one want to now contact dr iwan via his web.blog  hhtp://www.Dr iwancybermnuseum.wordpress.com)

Look the illustrations below in dutch language.

 

 

May,25th.1946

In the growth of the organization which is an organization kelaskaran perlawaan government armed the people disampin Agency (BKR, TKR, TRI) faces a tricky persolan, which arise between agencies that own or aantara kelaskaran kelaskaran body with official Army bdan, sehingg today 25 May 1946 held a conference to menelesaikan and curb the problem, but for to settle that experiencing a lot of trouble, because the parties agreed only to be held kelaskaran kerjasma and not willing to bind themselves organizationally with the government

 

original info:

Dalam pertumbuhan organisasi kelaskaran yang merupakan organisasi perlawaan rakyat disampin Badan bersenjata pemerintah(BKR,TKR,TRI) menghadapi persolan yang pelik, yang timbul diantara badan-badan kelaskaran itu sendiri maupun aantara badan kelaskaran dengan bdan Tentara resmi, sehingg pada hari ini 25 mei 1946 diadakan suatu konperensi untuk menelesaikan dan menertibkan  masalah tersebut, tetapi untuk  untuk menyelesaikan hal tersebut mengalamai  banyak  kesulitan, karena pihak kelaskaran hanya menyetujui untuk diadakan kerjasma dan tidak bersedia mengikat diri secara organisatoris dengan pemerintah.

May,28th.1046

The earliest date 28.5.46 of used off document small f-,15 sen , java unperforated revenue ,and the latest 1.6.46

 

 

May,29th.1946

The Off document  20 cent Dai N9ippon revenue  Dai Nippon rising star overprint without republic overprint still used used.in 29-5-1946,the other nominal unused20 sen,f1,- and f 2,-

 

 

Unused block of 10 , 20 cent Sunrays revenue

 

June 1946

Native Repoeblik Indonesia calender June 1946

 

Government revokes the privileges of Pakubuwono and Mangkunegara houses in Surakarta, under pressure from Soedirman.

The Djakarta Postal office in June 1946 under repoeblik Indonesia power,look the picture of the Djakarta pos office chief and other picture of his staf.at that post office.

 

June,5th.1946

The NRI Tanah datar Loehak X Koto Income tax ,paid at 5/7.46 with official the NRI chief of  Batipoeh and X koto stamped.(rare )

June,6th.1946

(a)very rare used republic palembang overprin rep. in- donesia  on dai nippon sumatra occupation stamp,used on pp2 pos pakket card  send from palembang to muara enim.

 

 

This rare NRI handstamped overpint Rep: In- donesia(wrong spelling) was the Palembang overprint type 54 violet, Mr V.Esbensen (1980) :”This overprint is generally very poor,aoften no more then an illegible blob.Known used at Batoeradja,Palembang,Palembang oeloe,Pendsop[o and Tandjoeng Radja in Palembang province(Dr iwan Have dfrom Moeara enim Enim) ant at Kroe in benkoelen.Aproxmately 100 genuinely used entires exist,the fine(75 % clear CDS) only from CTO Palembang,Dr Iwasn Collection 100% clear CDS Moeraenim.Dr iwan also find this overprint on Revenue at Palembang document.

(a) President soekarno publish NRI no.6.tahun Act 1946 or the Act state of danger, and was announced by Defense Minister Amir NRI Sjarifoeddin today and announced by TT.MHD diaceh Atjeh Daoedsjah to the capital on 23 July 1946

 

look the picture of Mr Amir Sjarifuddin and Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku mohammad hassan duris Mr Amir Sjarifuddin visit Sumatra.

 

 

original info

Presiden soekarno menerbitkan  Undang-Undang NRI no.6.tahun 1946 atau Undang-Undang Keadaan Bahaya, dan diumumkan oleh Menteri Pertahanan NRI Amir Sjarifoeddin hari ini dan diumumkan diaceh oleh  TT.MHD Daoedsjah di kotaraja atjeh  tanggal 23 juli 1946.

 

 

 

 

June,7th.1946

the extreme rare ,only one ever seen the PTT Repoblic Indonesia Padang Post Office report of NRI Stamps  and form situation  this day used  the dai nippon wage tax form with circulair date stamped Padang rep.Indonesia CDS  10.7.46 , the interesting info:

(a) 100 of 3 sen stamp, 85 of  40 sen stamps, 15 of 20 sen stamp and 116 of 05 sen stamps. the value of Stamps rp.1067,05.Plakzegel(revenue) Rp.3342 ,95, and other postal info in their own code. (found from the postman Soewil own collection which sold to Dr Iwan.)

 

 

 

 

June,12th.1946

June,12th.1946

 

 

 

Original Postally used free port goevernement NRI homemadecover send from CDS Djambi 12/6/46 to Palembang with MERDEKA postmark

 

June,15th,1946

The very rare destination postal Serang bantam west java circulair date stamps CDS biggert type with handwritten 06 for year, CDS 15.6.06 from the Money order fragmen with dancer stamps without overprint(sender post cannot identified)

 

June,17th.1946(b)

(a) the picture of the first Indonesian National Police School at Martojoedan Magelang (before and after revolution era catholic seminari)  open by NRI prime menistry St Sjahrir(one newspaper iluustration), and other  Indonational Poslice school .s student(Sekolah Polisi Negara_SPN)  pictures during practice at school(5 pictures,b)

 

The First Medical and Health department function at The Indonesion National Police was at The First  Police National Police School(SPN) at Martojoedan central java near Magelang, lead by Dr Martoamodjo,later he lived at Yogja (please the family give more informations),the first function were during Mediac test and helath service in the Policlinic (still the poliklinik exist at Martojoudan seminari,Catholich priest school after the Inependenece war until now.

Please look below more picture from Antara ,before belonging of Mr Adam Malik ,ex Indonesian vice president,after he pass away were sold to jalan Surabaya antgique fle market,and were bought By dr Iwan in 1996 and still in his collections until now.

 

 

(b)the other Soewil postma n privated stamps noteswith repobolik CDS circulaire date stamped Padang 17.6.46, and only one everseen,this made only one for a remembrance postal hstroy, thre type repobli Indonesia local sumatra stamps Soekarno stamps 40 sen, Independence Fund  stamps  red 15 sen and yellow independence fund  40 sen.this the only CDS of fonds kemerdekaan ever found ,please somone who have this stamps on postally used cover to report via comment, Mr V.esbensen info. fro mr rijdag Collections look the original NRI Padang City CDS  postal stamped

June,20th.1946

This day the earliest used Lampong Handstamped overprint 62 black,PTT Indonesia in box, used on money order CDS Sarolangoen 26.10.46.Known used at Kotaangoeng,Kotaboemi,Mengala,Tandjongkarang and telokbetong.Approximately 35 genuinely used entires exist(v.esbensen)

 

I only have the mint overprint  on Dai Nippon yubin on DEI KON 30 cent.

 

And I have seen Mr Ricardo collection Postally used cover register Palembang CDS 23.7.46.(look the fotocopy),Dr iwan’s note.

 

June,21th.1946

 

The earliest Palembang handoverprint.54 violet rep. IN- Donesia

 

 

June,23th.1946

On 23 June 1946, the Dutch showed activity with mortar fire rather marvelous.The NRI did not stay silent and do not lose too vengeance that he cried so successfully silence the enemy fire.

On this day at 24.00 at night, the netherlands with a batayon keuatan moving toward Genuk, the battle immediately erupted, because the opposing force, forces repoeblik Indonesia was forced to resign so that the place was successfully occupied by the Dutch and then the existing shooting the  surrounding village

original info

Pada tanggal 23 juni 1946, pihak belanda menunjukkan kegiatannya dengan tembakan mortir yang agak hebat.Pihak NRI tidak tinggal diam dan melakukan juga pembalasan yang tidak kalah serunya sehingga berhasil membungkamkan tembakan musuh.

Pada hari ini jam 24.00 malam, pihak belanda dengan keuatan 1 batayon bergerak ke arah  Genuk, maka pertempuran segera meletus, karena kekuatan lawan,pasukan repoblik Indonesia terpaksa mengundurkan diri sehingga tempat itu berhasil diduduki Belanda dan kemudian mnembak kampubg yang ada disekelilingnya.

 

June 27. 1946

Army units under General Sudarsono open the jail in Surakarta and release Tan Malaka and his followers. Sjahrir is arrested in Surakarta while on an overnight stay the same night, and is taken to the Kraton (Sultan’s Palace) with other notable figures. General Sudarsono’s troops occupy Yogya.Sukarno declares martial law and demands Sjahrir’s release. Troops loyal to Sukarno advance on Surakarta from Surabaya; the loyal Siliwangi division sends troops to Yogya.Adam Malik and other young radicals are arrested.


Soldiers in the Siliwangi Division, 1946.

July 1946

Allies officially turn over all of Indonesia except Java and Sumatra to Dutch.

July 2General Sudarsono and Mohamed Yamin visit Sukarno in person, and demand that Sjahrir be replaced by Tan Malaka. Sjahrir, supposedly still a captive, surprises everyone by walking into the room. Sukarno orders that Sudarsono and Yamin be arrested.

July 3“July 3rd Affair”: army units release Adam Malik from jail and demand that Soedirman be put in charge of security. Sukarno takes control of the situation.Sjahrir reorganizes government to include Natsir, Sjarifuddin, the Sultan of Yogya, Haji Agus Salim, and Djuanda.

 

 

July,4th.1946

Tidak berapa lama kemudian Belanda mendapat desakan dari berbagai pihak untuk menghentikan agresinya. Sekutu Belanda (Amerika, Inggris), PBB, India, serta Australia mendesak agar dilakukan gencatan senjata. Gencatan senjata dilakukan pada 4 Agustus 1946. Untuk membantu perundingan Indonesia – Belanda dibentuk Komisi Tiga Negara (Belgia, Australia, Amerika).

July,5th.1946

The CDS Padang APandjang for recived income tax at that post office in this day ,the form use Dai nippon Daftar Oepah(Wage Tax)

 

 

 

July,10th.1946

 

The very rare Repoeblic Indonesia military picture postcard  sent from  ambarawa to Blitar

July 15th.1946

Van Mook calls conference at Malino, Sulawesi, to plan for new Dutch-sponsored state in eastern Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July,16th.1946

The very rare only one collection exist of eight off document (from one document) overprint  PTT Repoblik Indonesia,may be Lampong overprint type 52 black.

 

Handstamped Overprint Lampontg Issued type 62 black,know used at Kotaagung,Kotaboemi,Mengala,Tanjong Karang and telokbetong,

The postal history approximately 35 genuinely  entires exist(V.esbensen,1980),I donnot have this collections and  I found this hand stamped overprint on Dai Nippon overprint sunrays  on Dutch east indie revenue(triple overprint)  which never list in J.voose catalogue,Mr Voose lend the sanning of this collection to put in his new revenue catalogue, I hope he remember to put my courtecy name.

 

Also look the other  dai N9ppon sunray overprint revenue in mint condition,many only 15 cent, but this nominal never seen in used condition except one the 20 cent off document.29-5-1946

 

 

 

The rare use off document f-,20 with overprint pen line on Dai Nippon(only one ever seen, and I just found mint blobk 20 of 20 cent sunray overprint revenueDr Iwan collections)

 

The Dai Nippon  Sunrays overprint revenue 1 Rp and DEI without overpint  50 cent  on complete document in 1946

 

 

 

 

The complete ducomuen with Dai Nippon overprint Sunrays Rdevenue Rp.1,- and DEI Revenue 50 cent without overprint  in 1946

Sorry the illustration not clear in order to protect of falsification.

 

 

 

July,17th,1946

17th of July 1946.

Although one might argue that this behind-the-scenes blackmailing represented a major departure from the principles of “good offices”, the USA succesfully brokered a settlement that was signed on the Renville by both sides on 17th of July 1946.

In essense the Renville Agreement provided a framework for the two sides to achieve more pernament solution to the Indonesian question in the future.

The principles of the agreement gave official recognition to the Dutch-installed federal structure, but demanded local plebiscites and a strict timetable for post-election final settlement of the future status of Indonesian statehood six months later.

 

July,17th.1946

 

 

 

 Octob

October,23th.1946

Fake CTO Java revolutionary cover in 1946

 

 
Repoeblik Java
Initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. In these cases the date of the cancel determines whether the card was used during the occupation or thereafter. Subsequently Japanese occupation cards were overprinted with Republik Indonesia and a new value of 5 sen.

 

The first postcards designed by the Republik appeared in 1946. Towarsds the end of 1949 there followed a few local emergency issues.

 
 

 

 

 

 

Original postcard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compare with below postacrd

 

 
Republik Sumatra
As was the case on Java, initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. By then the tariff had doubled and we see cards with additional franking. Cards were also marked with a round postage paid mark with in the centre a T, symbol of the Japanese postal service. The mark was from the Japanese occupation period, and meant that the increased tariff had been paid.

 

As the tariffs for postcards changed several times, the cards were adapted to the new rates in numerous ways. There were very few newly designed cards issued.

July,17th.1946

 

 

 

 

Indonesian independent proclamation anniversary at medan issued special red round post mark bull picture ”Semangat Bangsa -17.8.45-Medan- 17.7.46 “ on postally used Dai Nippon postcard  with NRI overprint  Repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen from CDS Medan  17.7.46 to Medan.the rate above normal (this medan original CDS original or fake  please ,compare with the fake one the cross beside date more smaller,the fake bigger)

 

The original Medan CDS

 

The fake Medan CDS

 

July,21th.1946

 

However, tensions rose as the Dutch tried to re-claim their former colony and launched an assault

on July 21, 1947,

destroying most of the planes on the ground. Some planes survived though and were hidden in remote bases.

 

The very rare NRI Palembang  handchoped overprint Rep.In-donesia in box on complete document.

 

 

The same rep: In-donesia(wrong spelling)  revenue on complete Gas billing document

 

 

July,22th.1946

 

FDC DEI NICA USA Printed stamps Tondano CDS  22,7,1946

 

 

July,25th.1946

The Five Colors(Pantja Warna) Theatre’s  rare pamphlets , serve a special story for the day Thursday 25/07/46 “SOLO at night” (composed by kamadjaja). Artists who took part: Djoerijah, Lies pomegranate, Amelia, Riboet, M. Pandji Anom, Moesas, Awaloeddin and others.

original info

The rare pamphlet Sandiwara Pantja Warna ,menghidangkan suatu cerita istimewa untuk hari kemis 25.7.46 “SOLO DIWAKTU MALAM” (gubahan kamadjaja) .Seniman yang ambil bagian: Djoerijah,Lies delima,Amelia,Riboet,M.Pandji Anom,Moesas,Awaloeddin dan lain-lain.

July,27th.1946

The postally used cover with dai Nippon stamps send from boekittinggi

 

July,29th.1946

July,31th.1946

The original Letter with official hand chopped of Resident Soerakarta (b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 1946

 

the native repoblik Indonesia calender,with the caricature picture dutch Tank shooting the chickens(tank Belanda tembak ayam) with logo God save the king,nove 1945 info,the phillosophy of August Bebe

l(Jika jatuh dalam perjuangan yang hebat, maka turunan kita akan mengantikan kita.Kita jatuh dalam keinsjafan bahwa kita telah memenugi kewajiban kita sebagai manusia,dan dengan kepercayaan bahwa tujuan akan kita capai,bagaimanapun juga perlawanan musuh kita dan betapapun juga besarnya pengorbanan kita) and EPE Douwes dekker(Mereka(penjajah) mendapatkan cita-cita kemerdekaan politik.Mereka dengan sombong dang angkuh mengembar-gemborkan hal itu,yang selalu menjadi alasan untuk menutupi kejahatan mereka,mereka nengaggap kemerdekaannya sebagai kemerddkaaan untuk menindas bangsa lain),rare caricature during this time.

August 1946

 Combat Command FIELD AREA Tanjung Morawa

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top perakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days

 on 8-10 August 1946

to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.

(1)PERTENTANGAN YANG TIMBUL DIKALANGAN PEJUANG TIDAK BOLEH DAN TIDAK DIHARAPKAN AKAN BERJALAN TERUS TANPA ADA PENYELESAIAN YANG MENCERMINKAN KEUTUHAN KOMANDO DI SELURUH FRONT MEDAN AREA .

Para pemimpim perjuangan harus segera sadar kembali kejalan kompromi untuk kelanjutan perjuangan yang tidak mungkin dilakukan sendiri-sendiri. Suatu komando yang tidak teratur tidak akan mungkin membawa kemenangan.

Dalam hal ini Pemerintah dan komando Tentara Republik Indonesia sependapat untuk membentuk komado guna menyatukan Komado Lasykar Rakyat di Medan area, menginggat sudah cukup banyak kekuatan Lasykar Rakyat yang mengepung kota medan.Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan Lasykar rakyat sudah ada satu resimen belum lagi termasuk Batalion-batalion Tentra Republik Indonesia(Tentara Pemerntah).

Sebagaimana yang tealh diuraikan sebelumnya  penyebab adalah persaingan diklaangan partai termasuk barisan perjuangannya adalah masalah perbekalan dan perbelanjaaan, ka setelah terbentuknya suatu resimen yang teratur tentu membawa konsekwensi kepadsa masalah perbekaln juga(Caatan Dr Iwan, ternyat komando medan area yang dibentuk membuat surat huatng yang tidak pernah dibayar-ini fakta,lihat bonnya yang asli disimpan pemilik dan kemudian  ditemukan di Medan,mungkin pemiliknya sudah meninggal dunia dan keluarga tidak mngerti nilai sejarah bon hutang tersebut.)

 

Maka untuk keperluan tersebut ,seluruh perbekalan ditanggung oleh dewan Pertahanan Sumatera Timur yang berkedudukan di Tebing Tinggi.

Untuk memimpin komando resimen Kasykar Rakyat ini dipercayakan kepada Kapten NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan Komando voering selajutnya makan front Medan area dibagi dalam empat sector: Sector Barat dipegang oleh Kaptem ABd.Hamid, sector Timur dipegang Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani POhan dan sector Xelatan oleh Yahya Ibrahim(Yahya Aceh) Pasuka istimewa Pesindo Andalas utara oleh Aladin sitompul. Formulir kosong lain yang ditemui dari Kilang Tentara ,Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Jahe(in the back surat hutangdevisi Gajah II) .look the form below.

also found the 5 liter  cylinder .bonds which never paid,

Komando Medan area bonds of  one car batteriy

Another bon from kompani II batalion 1 Dipisi Panah(arrow)  Tanjung Morawa

Bon GPPI tanjomg Morawa  4500 F.

(2)KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA TANJUNG MORAWA

Operasi-operasi militer Inggris semakin intensif dilaksanakan dan kantor gubernur terpaksa dipindahkan ke kantor walikota. Markas Divisi II TKR dipindahkan pula ke Pematang Siantar. Demikian pula Laskar-laskar Pemuda memindahkan markasnya masing-masing ke luar kota Medan untuk mengadakan konsolidasi.

 

Pasukan laskar masih bertempur tanpa adanya kesatuan komando, maupun koordinasi. Lambat laun mereka menyadari kelemahan ini setelah beberapa kali menderita kerugian.


Atas perakasa Dewan Pertahanan Daerah, maka diundang para komandan laskar untuk berunding di Tebing Tinggi selama 2 hari pada

 tanggal 8-10 Agustus 1946

untuk membahas masalah perjuangan. Akhirnya mereka sepakat membentuk Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area (KRLMA).

 

 

August,2nd.1046

 

Unusual Postally overused NRA cover from Tionghoa Gimseng Java Pekalongan jalan kemplekan street CDS Pekalongan 2.8.46 overprint on repo look on Dai Nippon Java Indonesia 20 cents block 6 (rp.1.20 rate) to Tegal with Pos tentara (military sencored chopped). Handwritten Merdeka (independence) Express mail Mark bantoelah Pindjaman Nasional 1946 (Help the national leasing 1946) to Markas ALRI (The Republic Indonesia Marine Headquater) Tegal

 

August,7th.1946

the very rare postally used Dai nippon Karbouw 3 1/2 cent postal stioner,overprin Palembang Rep Indonesia in box send from  Tanjoeng Enim to Palembang.

August ,8th.1946

KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA TANJUNG MORAWA

Operasi-operasi militer Inggris semakin intensif dilaksanakan dan kantor gubernur terpaksa dipindahkan ke kantor walikota. Markas Divisi II TKR dipindahkan pula ke Pematang Siantar. Demikian pula Laskar-laskar Pemuda memindahkan markasnya masing-masing ke luar kota Medan untuk mengadakan konsolidasi.

 

Pasukan laskar masih bertempur tanpa adanya kesatuan komando, maupun koordinasi. Lambat laun mereka menyadari kelemahan ini setelah beberapa kali menderita kerugian.


Atas perakasa Dewan Pertahanan Daerah, maka diundang para komandan laskar untuk berunding di Tebing Tinggi selama 2 hari pada

 tanggal 8-10 Agustus 1946

untuk membahas masalah perjuangan. Akhirnya mereka sepakat membentuk Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area (KRLMA).

 

Konsekuensinya dari pembentukan komando ini, Laskar-laskar dibebaskan dari organisasi induknya masing-masing. Kapten Nip Karim dipilih sebagai Komandan dan Marzuki Lubis sebagai Kepala Staf. Markas Komando berada di Two Rivers. KRLMA terdiri dari 5 batalyon dan 1 kompi istimewa dengan pembagian wilayah dan tanggung jawab pasti.

August,9th.1046

The Help Post(bij Post ) Tanjong Priok Batavia circulair date stamped on Wihelmina NICA USA  printing stamp 20 cent off cover(repaired postmark)

 

 

 

August,10th.1946

Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

Name  Soewarto  lower level employees basic salary  first 3 F 30 ,F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

tanggan sign superimposed over the seal of  Plaksegel  the revenue of the republic of Indonesia 50 cent dated 10/08/46 by Marsoedi

 

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

Nama Soewarto pegawai rendah tingkat 3 dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel  meterai republik Indonesia 50 sen tanggal 10.8.46 oleh Marsoed(bulan Juni rate meterai 15 sen),dan Juli belum ditemukan koleksi, agustus lima puluh sen-catatan dr iwan(

 

 

11th of August.1946

Meanwhile the political situation in the region kept developing. A key former Communist leader, Musso, a leader of the failed coup of 1927 returned from USSR on 11th of August and was received by Sukarno.

Musso soon reorganized the ranks of the reformed and expanded PKI, what now included both labor and socialist parties and absorbed many local forces that had been previously aligned to Unified Front of Tan Malaka.

The new PKI completely rejected all the existing treaties as illegal Western meddling of internal affairs of free and sovereign Republic of Indonesia, and worked towards the overthrow of the existing Hatta regime as a reactionary clique of Japanese Quislings that was selling out the Indonesian revolution to their former Dutch oppressors.


Musso – a wild card from Moscow.

When the local parliamentery elections on federal level took place on January 1947, the interim federal political system promoted van Mook had been operational for half a year.

 It was based on constituent states that shared the same artificial character, being almost without exceptions nothing but spontaneous creations of Indonesians themselves.

 

The small minority of Indonesians whose positive support the Dutch were able to enlist in the fifteen “states” (negaras) and “autonomous areas” (daerah instimewas) which they established consisted largely of groups who had had privileged positions in the former structure of NEI (Ambonese Christian population of South Moluccans being the prime example), elements of the local aristocracies who feaded loss of their political and economic positions under Republican rule and who were totally dependant on Dutch for military support, and political opportunists dissatisfied with their future prospects under the Republic.

Of the thirteen federal units created by the Dutch, four were states, while nine had the status of autonomous territories.

 Those in the second category were usually much smaller in population than those in the first – or in some case had been more recently created.

 The theory upon which this distinction was officially based was that the less populous of these territories (and usually the most backward with respect to economic development) were fit to receive a lesser degree of self-government than the larger, and were to be more dependent upon the central government of the federation.

 The six states with approximate populations they claimed to administer (considerable areas often beign under Republican control) were East Indonesia (comprising Celebes and Lesser Sundas) 10 000 000, Madura 1 800 000, South Moluccans 350 000, East Sumatra 1 700 000, and South Sumatra 1 500 000.

The autonomous areas ranged in population from about 100 000 (Riouw) to about 1 000 000 (West Borneo): the other six autonomous areas being Bandjar, Great Dayak, Southeast Borneo, East Borneo, Bangka and Billiton.

Generally the grand plan in the federal project of van Mook and other Dutch colonial officials had aimed to retain at least some level of indirect control over former territories of NEI by pitting the locals against one another by supporting the alledged demands of local autonomy and federalism.

 After the first local elections were held, the Dutch officials knew that they had suffered their final loss.

 

 

Pro-Republican candidates had secured strong majorities in all local parliaments except in South Moluccans. It was no wonder.

The new states were simply too artificial, and the little initial support the new federal states of the USI might have had among the local population quickly faded when their political realities as colonial puppet states became obvious.

As an example the new states were initially given theoretical responsibility of for finance, justice, general economic affairs, police, education, information, health, social affairs, industry, shipping, forestry, agrarian affairs and irrigation, but the exercise of most of these powers was initially vitiated by the numerous general and particular powers specifically reserved to the federal interim government that was based in Batavia and was run by NICA bureaucracy administered by former NIE colonial officials. Unwilling to give up the little power it had managed to retain, the Dutch colonialism had thus doomed itself to vanish entirely from political life of Indonesia.


Repaired Tarakan oil fields in Borneo. As the Dutch colonial power was fading away, foreign companies were eager to enter to emerging Indonesian markets.

 

 

 

August,12th.1946


Quote decree Chief Officer Post, Telegraph, Telephone and Radio Republik Indonesia, Sumatra Province, Meteapkan began on August 12, 1946, was appointed as Head of Post Offices and telegraph (wire) in Padang.Joesoef title Soetan Komis Bandaro currently in office. Signed by the Head of Public Affairs PTTR Soematra, Bgaian Administration.

copy to the postmaster and wire (telegram) in Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang Indonesia Independence post office revoluition During 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

 

original info

Kutipan surat keputusan Kepala Pejabat Pos,Telegrap,Telepon dan Radio Republik Indonesia,Provinsi Sumatra, Menetapkan mulai tanggal 12 Agustus 1946,diangkat sebagai Kepala Kantor Pos dan telegrap(kawat) di Padang.Joesoef gelar Soetan Bandaro yang saat ini Komis pada kantor tersebut. Ditanda tangani oleh Kepala PTTR Soematra Urusan Umum, Bgaian Administrasi.

tembusan kepada kepala kantor pos dan kawat(telegram) di Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang post office during Indonesia Independence revoluition 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

(b)Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabatan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake lower level employees basic (pokok) salary  first 3 F 30 F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

 

tangan sign superimposed over the seal of overprint Pati  Plaksegel patgi 2x 10 cents and the seal of the republic of Indonesia 2x 15 cents dated 12/08/46 by Marsoedi

 

 

 

 

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake pegawai rendah tingkat 3 gaji poko dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel cetak tindih pati 2x 10 sen dan meterai republik Indonesia 2x 15 sen tanggal 12.8.46 oleh Marsoedi

August.13th.1946

 

Express postcard (Bul RJ17) with “postage dibajar JK” (not mentioned in Bul) Djokjakarta 13.8.46, propaganda stamp Support the National Loan 1946 to Magelang Bul means Bulterman Catalogue

 

 

 

August,14th.1948

The rare specila Posta stationer NRi for Our Young delegetion fund with ship illustration, the fund for join the NRI Youth congress,send from Tjirebon to Djkarta.

August,17th.1948

(a)One years  Republic Indonesiqa Independence proclamation day, west sumatra prepare  special postal stationer card, but the ducth keep all the card and burn, but one card ,the only one exist in the world still found but used latter in 1947 from Priaman to Kayoetanam ,republic Indonesia Area in west  sumatra, with border Loeboek Aloeng.

West Sumatra Special Issue One Year Independent Postal Stationer Card ,Postally Used from Priaman To Kayutanam.

 

 

(a) Djakarta Posstal office  red Repoeblik Indonesia postal stamped with rolling stamped , I have found postally used card with this postal stamped,CDS Djakrta 17.8.45 but in bad quality with digita restored still can read the date

 

(b).the fine stamped look Mr Ricardo collections And also I have seen Mr Ricardo have the same postal stamped  but used CDS Djkarta 19.6.46

 

 

 

Look the picture of Djakarta Post Office guard by TRI soldier in August,17th.1946

 

 

 

 

 

(c) Only one ever seen,nover list in catalogue, extreme rare one years Indonesia Independent -Padang special round postmark on Mr Soewil Padang postman note colletion on a document with five postmark on sumatra repoeblik indonesia revolution stamp

 

 

(this postmark from padang never seen on postally used cover, not add the illustration here,because this collections only special for international exhibition showPTT Medan issued special postmark too for anniversary one years independence,this post mark list in catalogue and ever found poostally used, this post mark wuith Medan CDS 18.5.46  was given from mr Gho kong Liang senior Padang Phillatelist to Dr Iwan in 1969-Dr Iwan note)

(d)the very rare only one ever seen  Postally used Dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint  HAND STAMPED TYPE 64 black”ptt repoeblik indonesia”, THIS ONELY ONE CARD IN THE WORLD have send from mr ismail chief of general division PTT Middle sumatra bukittinggi to <r soewil Postman Padang,( Mr v esbensen in his catalogue writeen , Only known CTO boekittinggi 24.1.46,does anyone have used  fragment or cover ? probabbly a phillatelic creation,not in the Dai nippon catalogues. with this original collections , this card not phillatelic creation, but the original emergeny overprint by the chief of PTT middle sumatra, to made free of stamps cover,this very rare cover I sold to Mr Karel in high price,but now he sold at van dieten in 2010, and I donnot now the new owner,please sent info via comment,thanks very muxh-dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

(e) the book illustration of The NRI flag Red and white “dikibarkan” at  east Pegangsaan  street no 56 ‘s  in order to annyversary one year independence .building(b)

 

(f) The NRI sumatra independence fund  stamps  issued in August,17th 1946 collection on specila album(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

.

(g) The Padang Potmaster Soewil had made a amizing CTO postcard,cover and othe type collection for anniversary

(1) one year Indonenesia Indpendence day

 

(2) the cover with oblique overprint Rep Ind on ddai Nippon Sumatra  Ovpt T on Kon.10 cent with First NRI stamp without independence fund(two cover)

 

 

 

(3)             The first Sumatra’s  President Sukarno stamps CTO on cover with Independence fund stamps 5,15 and 40 sen stamp(one cover)

 

The Sukarno issue (zon 74) ,CTO stamp and cover are common,extreme rare genuinely used,approximately 5 genuinely used entires,the earliest date, ….,8,46(v.esbensen)

 

 

The tMA catalogue said this stamps two type of paper thin (rare) and tebal(commen) mint.I have found only off cover genuinely used CDS  31.7.47 very late used.I never seen this stamp genuinely  postally used cover.

 

(4)error printing nri independence fund stamp:

(4a)Misperforation of.

 

block four Independence fund sumatra  dark brown stamp and mirror image stamps of 40 sen dark brown and 5 sen stamp block three(the only one bigger block exist), also one full sheet of 5 sen with double perforations

 

 

(4b) NRU Sumatra Error Print Stamp

 

mirror image 5 sen independence fund stamps block two,block three and single stamp.

(4c)one full sheet 5 cen independence fund stamps

with double perforations

Close up

 

(5)Independence fund Sumatra first def.Issued stamps mint collection

 

(6)the compklete  set overpirnt Rep;Ind;ond dai nipoon Sumatra definitive stamp with  not: in 17.8.46, with handchoped rep:Ind; at Padang Post Officed had  overprint all the stamp in the postoffice by  abbrivation I(ismael),S(soewil), M(marah infdramadewa) and  not known)-two document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(h) Dutch phillatelic magazibne, september 1946,with the first Bung Karno sumatra stamps and first Java NRI stamp illustration(rare document

 

(1) The Medan special Postmark one years independence  and Medan original CDS look the cross beside the date small.diferent from the fake one.

 

 

Surat Keterangan Tamat Sekolah Rakjat  Repoeblik Indonesia

 

Sragen  pada 17 hari,Agoestoes,1946

 

Atas nama Jatin dari Sekolah ra’jat No 5 Sragen Soerakarta  kelas enam

 

yang Ditanda tangani diatas Meterai Repoeblik Indonesia tanpa gigi oleh Kepala Sekolah Rakjat Sragen S.Prawirohardjo dan disahkan oleh

 

atas nama krepala Kabupaten dengan cap dinas

 

(ditemukan di kota Solo tahun 2012 oleh dr Iwan)

 

 

 

 

Graduate Certificate of Education of the People Repoeblik Indonesia
Sragen in 17 days, Agoestoes, 1946


On behalf  Jatin of J the People (Ra’jat) School  No. 5 Sragen Soerakarta sealand  signed on Repoeblik Indonesia without teeth by the Head of the People school of  sragen S.Prawirohardjo and

 

passed by on behalf regent chief  with stamp duty

. ( provenance .was found in 2012 in the town of Solokby -dr Iwan )

               

 

August,28th.1946

 

Rare Palembang NRI overprint rep-in-donesia  CDS Palembang 29.8.46 and the  official chopped of dai Nippon hinomaru ball, half  of red off and became red and white Indonesian flag .the dai Nippon also off became Palembang only

August,24th.1948

In this day theearliest used Regular Java Issued Stamp

 

Zonnebloemen and Gibbons say this set was printed in Djokjarta,dai Nippon says Djakarta.does anyone know which is correct? The following perforation exist, 5c,30 cent-11,11×11 1/2 and 2o cent-11.11x 11 ½,the earliewst used on money order CDS Paoeroean 24.6.46(v.esbensen ,1980)

 

In my collection

 

 

 

(a)  off cover  CDS Djatibarang 13.11.6,

 

 

 

 Sugar paltation at djatibarang

 

 

 

 

(b)  Used on money order fragment CDS  Soerabia Gondolajoe 27.11.46

 

 

 

Vintage photo of gondolajoe

 

 

 

(c)   Mint 30 cent

August,25th.1946

the rare People bank(Bank Ra’jat ) saving book Koedus used the Dai nippon Syomin Ginko  Syomin tyokin overprint with red line, front cove,

and at the in book green label of  saving money 22 augustus 1946 F 39.-

August,31th.1946

 

(a) The rare Mr ricardo collection,postally used overprint Repoeblik Indonesia with bar on DEI dancer 2 cent stamp added  dancer 3 cent adn 4 cent without overprint and porto 1 gulden send from cds Salem 31.8.46 to Djakarta.

 

(a1)Decree of the Regional Supervisor PTT central Sumatra.

Menginggat and considering all possibilities that would occur in a precarious atmosphere in the city of Padang

Considering that in order to (make) controlling interest in the work of the Indonesian republic dinas PTT

Setting the start date 30/8 .1946 ,removed from the office of Post / wire (telegram) Padang to the Office of the Regional Oversight Kepala PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

Bachtiar clerk (workers) Post Office / wire (telegram) Padang.

Quote this ordinance be sent to:

1, Branch Head PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Post Office / wire (telegram) in Padang

3.yth resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra

4.Yang bersangkutan

Supervisory area  PTT Central Sumatra

Ismail signature.

original info:

Surat Keputusan Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra tengah.

Mengnggat serta memperhatikan segala kemungkinan yang akan terjadi dalam suasana genting dikota Padang

Menimbang bahwa untuk(buat) kepentingan mengendalikan pekerjaan dalam dinaas PTT Repoeblik Indonesia

Menetapkan mulai tanggal 30/8_’46 dipindahkan dari kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang ke Kantor Kepla Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra Tengah Bukittinggi

BACHTIAR klerk(pekerja) Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang.

Kutipan ketetapan ini dikirim kepada:

1,Kepala Cabang Pusat PTT Sumatra di Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) di Padang

3.yth residen sumatra barat di bukittinggi

4.Yang bersangkutan

a/n Pengawas Dearah PTT Sumatra Tengah tanda tangan Ismail.

(b) the  star weekly magazine this day info

several illustration ,picture up : Let.general Van mook and Lt.general Manserg look the 31th agustus Parade. the center picture: the Member which “loeka” in the battle with extrimest(dutch called repoblic as ectrimist) also look the parade, below left: The scoot Seaforth highlander  parae(british army) ,below right : the royal Dutch  Marine’s nurse parade.

 

 

(A) Oeawang (Papermoney) each f 1000, – boeat (for) Ka (to) Djakarta

Below we’ll tell you one thing, which can give the impression to the readers, how “wrong” is actually a state in areas of ditaro (put) were taken care of people who irresponsibly, but that works on behalf of the Indonesian republic. In New York has until (arrive) 68 Chinese people from the area Krawang, that by paying oewang (money) ransom f 1000, – per head has been able to (can) buy the privilege Aken (to) be the area under the control of States ( Djakarta). Boeat (For) the journey that must (should) be done with the dark road ahead after they paid jumalh requested, he was told to gather in one place, then he was (they) are allowed to leave, but moesti (should) do the trip was night and by foot, while the daytime, hey must mengoempet (hiding) in the forest. 68 Chinese, who have come to Djakarta have been menlintas street for three days and four nights, do not be surprised when they arrived at a state Djkarta exhausted.

(B) Tjina (chinese) semoea (entirely) Toeroen (down)! There Tjina tida (not)!

Tionghoa residents, who have not been able atu have no money to pay the money Thiap (help) in the area can only wait and hope for the arrival of help. Every day they are still listening, how if there is a train came in, militias on beteriak (berkaokan): Tjina-China all down, Merdeka Bung! There Tjina not?

With all forms (roepa) roads, prevented people tionghoa make traveling by train, so do not (need to) be surprised if it makes (make) many Chinese living so helter-skelter (trouble) because they could not trade or looking for life.

(C) Leader We must not “oentjang” (rocking) Legs!

From the narrative (story) in the ATS is obvious, that the situation had become so rupa9bentuk) so no time anymore for the Leader We’re sitting in the Committee of the Brotherhood of Chinese-Indonesian and Chinese victims Rescue Committee, as well as the Chinese Consulate-general may continue to remain silent. Tsiang Consul never express his thoughts, that the greatness and terpandangnya tionghoa nation as a great nation state (not nation talukkan or who lost the war) there lies in each person and teruitama tionghoa the leader. So we believe all of the leaders or any person who wishes to be recognized itself as leaders of love (want to) try with all his strength, do not keep playing the most rocking feet or just simply pick up the phone, scroll through your sleeves and take appropriate action immediately. Bnayak among youngsters we are always willing to be sent to where needed, some of them tealh prove the other day with the success of the nation’s soul kita.Segala helped thousands of pointless chatter (nonsense), and protests over the paper just now passed his time

 

 

 

original info

(a) Oeawan(Papermoney) tiap f 1000,- boet (untuk) Ka(ke)Djakarta

Di bawah ini kita akan ceritakan satu hal, yang dapat memberi kesan pada pembaca,bagaimana “beres” sebenarnya keadaan didaerah yang ditaro(taruh) dibawa penjagaan orang yang tak bertanggung jawab,tapi yang bekerja atas nama pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia. Di Djakarta telah sampe(tiba) 68 orang Tionghoa dari daerah Krawang,yang dengan membayar oewang(uang)  tebusan f 1000,- per kepala telah bisa (dapat)  beli itu hak istimewa aken(untuk) boleh ke daerah yang berada dibawah kekuasaan Serikat(Djakarta). Boeat(Untuk) itu perjalanan  yang musti(seharusnya) dilakukan dengan jalan gelap lebih dahulu sesudah  mereka bayar jumalh yang diminta, ia orang disuruh berkumpul di satu tempat, kemudian ia orang(mereka) di izinkan  berangkat, tapi moesti(harus) lakukan perjalanan  tengah malam buta dan dengan jalan kaki, sedang kalau siang hari ,ereka harus mengoempet(bersembunyi) di dalam hutan. 68 orang Tionghoa itu, yang telah sampai Djakarta telah menlintas jalan itu selama tiga hari empat malam, tidak perlu heran saat sampai di Djkarta keadaan mereka lelah sekali.

(b) Tjina(chinese) semoea(seluruhnya) Toeroen(turun)!Ada Tjina tida(tidak)!

Penduduk tionghoa ,yang belum dapat atu tidak mempunyai uang untuk membayar uang Thiap(bantuan) didaerah hanya bisa menunggu dan mengharapkan datangnya pertolongan. Tiap hari mereka masih saja mendengarkan,bagaiman kalau ada kereta api masuk, laskar-laskar pada beteriak(berkaokan):Tjina-tjina semua turun,Merdeka Bung! Ada Tjina tidak?

Dengan segala bentuk(roepa)  jalan,orang tionghoa dihalang buat bepergian dengan naik kereta api,sehingga tidak usah(perlu) heran kalau cara ini membuat(membikin)  penghidupan banyak orang Tionghoa jadi morat-marit(kesulitan) karena tidak dapat berdagang atau mencari buat hidup.

(c) Pemimpin Kita tidak boleh “oentjang”(goyang) Kaki!

Dari penuturan(berita) di ats ini nyatalah,bahwa keadaan sudah jadi begitu rupa9bentuk) sehingga bukan waktunya lagi untuk Pemimpin Kita yang duduk dalam Panitia Persaudaraan Tionghoa-Indonesia dan Komite Penolong korban Tionghoa,begitu juga Konsulat-general Tiongkok boleh tinggal diam terus. Konsul Tsiang pernah utarakan pikirannya, bahwa kebesaran and terpandangnya bangsa tionghoa sebagai satu bangsa Negara besar (bukan bangsa talukkan atau yang kalah perang) ada terletak pada masing-masing orang tionghoa dan teruitama pada pemimpinnya. Maka kita percaya seluruh pemimpin atau segala orang yang ingin diakui dirinya sebagai pemimipin suka(mau) berusaha dengan segenap tenaganya,jangan terus main guncang kaki atau paling banyak hanya angkat telepon saja, gulunglah lengan baju dan ambil tindakan yang tepat segera. Bnayak antara pemuda pemudi kita senantiasa bersedia untuk dikirim ke tempat yang diperlukan, sebagian mereka tealh buktikan tempo hari dengan berhasilnya ditolong ribuan jiwa bangsa kita.Segala obrolan tak ada gunanya(nonsen) dan protes diatas kertas saja sekarang sudah lewat zamannya.

September 1946

Bakti Pertahanan(defend tax) repoeblik Indonesia west sumatra,  f.10. block four  used in september 1946(very rare tax )

(a)KNIP pleno meeting at solo, look the picture of Mr Amir Sjarifuddin talking about the hot situation

and the Sjahrir cabinet  falling down after the oposition “Pesatoen Perjoeangan “(unity Fighting) didnot accept Sjahrir policy”Politik Damai” look the picture of Presiden,vice presiden and prime menistry Sjahrir during the KNIP meeeting.

(b)Talks are reopened between the Sjahrir government and the Dutch at Linggarjati, near Cirebon.

 


soekarno inspeksi di malang 1946

   

 

 

September ,1st.1946

(a)The used Republic Indonesia java revenue -.15 bold  used on buying bicylce bon document.

 

(b) The Dai Nippon Lottere “oendian Oeang Djaea Gunseikanbu” stiil exist until  september 1st 1946.

September,4th.1946

The CDS Padang Panjang post office on label for paying Income Tax with Padang Panjang NRI west sumatra tax office NRI official handcoped. (interesting collections found from from my wife grandpa document,

I had lend a scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his Revenue catalogue, I hope he remember to put my name a the courtecy, I never seen this very rare NRI Sumatra tax collection in nay exhibiton of catalogue before,may be this only one in the wolrd-Dr Iwan Note).

 

 

 

 

 

September ,10th 1946

The rare error printinh extreme off center which made the repoeblik became below the revenue,compare with the normal one

 

 

Another revenue error “Rai” of meterai missing

 

 

September,11th.1946

Mr Goi Tjoen Goan .later The Padang Policeman,lost during PRRI 1958 , decree of Amacab Padang  with fee f 15.- signed by “Het hoof(the chief) der afdeeling Personeele Zaken(prsnonil division of AMACAB) -rare document ,never seen before.(Dr Iwan collections, I know Mr G.T.Goan child, and in 1956 he ever help me to Hospital because my head were “Luka”  with his police double size box Harley davison motorcycle, the hospital now at Cathlic School Framter middle school . the german doctor stich my head,and gave the verband to all my hand like the sikh sorban) and bring me home ,where my Father and Pasto mario just talking in the front of my house in Boendokandoeng street no.16 padang,now broken during big eartquake in 2010,oh I alway remember mr Goei ,the fatman or  called i n indonesia Sigapuk,this for rememberance to his chilred Mrs Lien,now stayed at kelapa gading jakarta, hallo Mrs Lien this  a remembrance of your loving father,Dr Iwan Note)

 

 

 

 

14 September 1946

September 22-24 ,1946

Violent anti-war protests in Amsterdam

October 1946

October,1st.1946

 

The postally used Nica postal stationer card,send from Singkawang Prisoner of war camp to soerabaia

 

 

Konsekuensinya dari pembentukan komando ini, Laskar-laskar dibebaskan dari organisasi induknya masing-masing. Kapten Nip Karim dipilih sebagai Komandan dan Marzuki Lubis sebagai Kepala Staf. Markas Komando berada di Two Rivers. KRLMA terdiri dari 5 batalyon dan 1 kompi istimewa dengan pembagian wilayah dan tanggung jawab pasti.


Atas prakarsa pimpinan Divisi Gajah dan KRIRMA pada

10 Oktober 1946

 disetujui untuk mengadakan serangan bersama. Sasaran yang akan direbut di Medan Timur adalah Kampung Sukarame, Sungai Kerah.

 

Di Medan barat ialah Padang Bulan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, sedangkan di Medan selatan adalah kota Matsum yang akan jadi sasarannya. rencana gerakan ditentukan, pasukan akan bergerak sepanjang jalan Medan-Belawan.

 

At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar.

 On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.


Hari “H” is determined date

 October 27, 1946 at 20:00

 the first target Meda east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.


It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to mengehentikannya.

October,2th.1946

The postally used red cross java Postcard type Geuzendam G 10.

This card are said to have been sold with a 10 cent surcharge for the red Cross and to have been printed at the Merdeka printing works in Djokjakarta.As usual there is is no documentated evidence or previous literature to prove it.(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

THE POSTALLY UDSED CARD SEND FROM Trengiling,Poerbolinggo CDS 2.10.46 to Djakarta.(Dr Iwan collections)

 

October,3rd.1945

October-3rd-1945

Indonesian people demonstration at semarang in October ,3th.1945

 

October,6th.1946

the Postally used dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint repoeblik in squared box ,PORTO DIBAJAR  and postmark Repoebli indonesia PTT,send from lamongan to Malang

 

 

 

 

October,8th.1946

 

Provenance Dai Nippon club netherland(fake? No coomunication from republic to foreign countries))

 

October,9th.1946

The Padang Income tax document ,paid via post office

 

October,10th.1946


Atas prakarsa pimpinan Divisi Gajah dan KRIRMA pada

10 Oktober 1946

 disetujui untuk mengadakan serangan bersama. Sasaran yang akan direbut di Medan Timur adalah Kampung Sukarame, Sungai Kerah.

The very rare off document ,used block five rep.Indonesia bea meterai(revenue) f 0,15

 

 

October 14 th.1946

Preliminary military truce signed at Linggarjati.

October,18th.1946

The document of buying Bonds Kretek cigar menara with nri java revenue

 

 

October,23th.1946

The  used of Republc Indonesia -,15  bigger bold type Repoeblic Indonesia revenue on complete document, (buying bicycle)

 

 

 

 

 

Kaliurang 23 October 1945

Under British pressure, Van Mook meets with Sukarno for informal talks.
Neither side gives ground

 

October,24th.1940

People bank(bank Ra’jat) Jogyakarta saving book with NRI revenue -,15 sen ,saving this day 7000. and RI R 140,-

 

 

 

 

 

October,26th.1946

The new Dutc leader

 


Dr. Louis Joseph Maria Beel
High Commissioner of the Crown
in the Dutch East Indies
29 October 48 – 18 May 49

Hari “H” ditentukan tgl 27 Oktober 1946 pada jam 20.00,

sasaran pertama Meda timur dan Medan selatan. Tepat pada hari “H”, Batalyon A Resimen Laskar rakyat di bawah Bahar bergerak menduduki Pasar Tiga bagian Kampung Sukarame, sedangkan Batalyon B menuju ke kota Matsum dan menduduki Jalan Mahkamah dan Jalan Utama. Di Medan barat Batalyon 2 Resimen lasykar rakyat dan pasukan Ilyas Malik bergerak menduduki jalan Pringgan, kuburan China dan Jalan Binjei.


Patut diketahui, bahwa beberapa waktu yang lalu, pihak Inggris telah menyerahkan sebagian kekuasaannya kepada Belanda.

 

Pada saat sebagian pasukan Inggris bersiap-siap untuk ditarik dan digantikan oleh pasukan Belanda, pasukan kita menyerang mereka. Gerakan-gerakan batalyon-batalyon Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area rupanya tercium oleh pihak Inggris/Belanda. Daerah Medan selatan dihujani dengan tembakan mortir. Pasukan kita membalas tembakan dan berhasil mengehentikannya.

Sementara itu Inggris menyerang seluruh Medan selatan. Pertempuran jarak dekat berkobar di dalam kota.

 

 

 

 

October,27th.1946

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top prakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days on 8-10 August 1946 to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.
At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar. On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.
The Dayof  ”H” is determined date October 27, 1946 at 20:00, the first target Medan east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.
It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to stop it.
Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gun cease fireg held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line. British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Three days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Pulau Brayan on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

October ,27th.1946

The Cover and income tax form from the Tax Office Djakarta

,the cover used dai nippon Djakarta Tokubetu-si Oeroesan Padjak, the Tokubetu-si overprin red pen lines. free stamp CDS Djkarta 21.10.46 with official stamped “National government Djakrta  Tax division round stamped.

 

Di Medan barat ialah Padang Bulan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, sedangkan di Medan selatan adalah kota Matsum yang akan jadi sasarannya. rencana gerakan ditentukan, pasukan akan bergerak sepanjang jalan Medan-Belawan.


Hari “H” ditentukan tgl 27 Oktober 1946 pada jam 20.00,

sasaran pertama Meda timur dan Medan selatan. Tepat pada hari “H”, Batalyon A Resimen Laskar rakyat di bawah Bahar bergerak menduduki Pasar Tiga bagian Kampung Sukarame, sedangkan Batalyon B menuju ke kota Matsum dan menduduki Jalan Mahkamah dan Jalan Utama. Di Medan barat Batalyon 2 Resimen lasykar rakyat dan pasukan Ilyas Malik bergerak menduduki jalan Pringgan, kuburan China dan Jalan Binjei.


Patut diketahui, bahwa beberapa waktu yang lalu, pihak Inggris telah menyerahkan sebagian kekuasaannya kepada Belanda.

 

Pada saat sebagian pasukan Inggris bersiap-siap untuk ditarik dan digantikan oleh pasukan Belanda, pasukan kita menyerang mereka. Gerakan-gerakan batalyon-batalyon Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area rupanya tercium oleh pihak Inggris/Belanda. Daerah Medan selatan dihujani dengan tembakan mortir. Pasukan kita membalas tembakan dan berhasil mengehentikannya.

Sementara itu Inggris menyerang seluruh Medan selatan. Pertempuran jarak dekat berkobar di dalam kota.

 

Pada keesokan harinya(28 oktober 1946)

 kota Matsum bagian timur diserang kembali. Pasukan Inggris yang berada di Jalan Ismailiah berhasil dipukul mundur.

 

October,28th.1946

 

 Pada keesokan harinya(28 oktober 1946)

 kota Matsum bagian timur diserang kembali. Pasukan Inggris yang berada di Jalan Ismailiah berhasil dipukul mundur.

 

(a)the very rare  used repoeblik Indonesia f o,5o and f 1,- on frament document  type WSR 2 ,

 

only one fragment used ever seen, not many used becaus e devaluation, the mint of f 0,50 and f 1.- found in bigger blog look below;

 

 

 

 

(b)The complete sold and buy Land ‘s document with 3x NRI revenue -.50 sen .

 

October ,29th .1946

(1)the recieved money for buying  sero(bonds) of cigarete Menara koedoes, 29.10.46. the three red paper document (kwitansi) with same date this day with  different Repoeblic Indonesia f -,15 one small bold ,bigger bold and small  thin type.

(2) The picture of Central Jakarta Post Office,during many people exchange Dai nippon Money with Republic indonesia Money(ORI)

 

 

(3)The Djakarta  income Tax document

 

 

 

And the cover from Djakarta tax office

 

 

October,31th.1946

The west sumtra income tax document

 

 

November 1946

Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order

on 3 November 1946

gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line.

Sementara pertempuran berlangsung, keluar perintah pada

3 November 1946

gencetan senjata diadakan dalam rangka penarikan pasukan Inggris dan pada gencatan senjata itu dilakukan, digunakan untuk berunding menentukan garis demarkasi.

 

 

AWAL BERDIRINYA SATUAN BRIMOB

Pada 14 November 1946

 Perdana Menteri Sutan Sjahrir membentuk Mobile Brigade (Mobrig) sebagai ganti Pasukan Polisi Istimewa.

Tanggal ini ditetapkan sebagai hari jadi Korps Baret Biru. Pembentukan Mobrig ini dimaksudkan Sjahrir sebagai perangkat politik untuk menghadapi tekanan politik dari tentara dan sebagai pelindung terhadap kudeta yang melibatkansatuan-satuan militer.

Di kemudian hari korps ini menjadi rebutan antara pihak polisi dan militer.Biru.

Brimob pertama kali terbentuk dengan nama Pasukan Polisi Istimewa. Kesatuan ini pada mulanya diberikan tugas untuk melucuti senjata tentara Jepang, melindungi kepala negara, dan mempertahankan ibukota. Brimob turut berjuang dalam pertempuran 10 November 1945 di Surabaya.

 

 

Di bawah pimpinan Inspektur Polisi I Moehammad Jasin, Pasukan Polisi Istimewa ini memelopori pecahnya pertempuran 10 November melawan Tentara Sekutu.

 

 

Sukarno appointed St sjahrin  

as the chief Indonesia delegataion at lingardjati meeting

in November 1946

 

 

With the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java.
The negotiations resulted in the de facto recognition by the Dutch of lndonesia’s sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura.
The Linggarjati Agreement was initialled

on November 1946 and signed on March 25, 1947.

But the agreement was a violation of Indonesia’s independence proclamation of August 17, 19A5, which implied sovereignty
over the whole territory of the Republic. As such, it met with the widespread disapproval of the people. Hence, guerrilla fighting continued, bringing heavy pressure on Dutch troops.

 

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands

on November 15 1946.

Three days after the British left the city of Medan,

the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island

Tiga hari setelah Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, Belanda mulai melanggar gencatan senjata.

 

Di pulau Brayan pada tanggal

21 November 1946,

Belanda merampas harta benda penduduk, dan pada hari berikutnya Belanda membuat persoalan lagi dengan menembaki pos-pos pasukan Laskar di Stasiun Mabar, juga Padang Bulan ditembaki.

 

Pihak Laskar membalas. Kolonel Schalten ditembak ketika meliwati di depan pos Lasykar. Belanda membalas dengan serangan besar-besaran di pelosok kota.

 

Angkatan Udara Belanda melakukan pengeboman, sementara itu di front Medan selatan di Jalan Mahkamah kita mendapat tekanan berat, tapi di Sukarame gerakan pasukan Belanda dapat dihentikan.

 

on 21 November 1946,

 the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan were shooting

read more about St Sjahrir

The little known prime minister

The Jakarta Post | Life | Tue, March 10 2009, 12:26 PM

 

It’s official: Sjahrir (left) is shown signing Linggadjati Agreement documents in Jakarta on Nov. 15, 1946, while Dutch-appointed special commissioner general leading the negotiations, Willem Schermerhorn, looks on. Courtesy of DR Dr Rushdy Hoesein(I had ever met him and he gave me info about Dai Nippon capitulation Kalidjati-dr Iwan notes)

Surprisingly enough for a nation’s first prime minister, Sutan Sjahrir receives few mentions in Indonesia’s history book – even though his diplomatic skills were responsible for the nation being recognized by the international community.

“Sjahrir, who became prime minister at the age of 36, is little known by the public,” Sjahrir’s daughter Siti Rabyah Parvati Sjahrir said at the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Sjahrir’s birth at Balai Agung in Jakarta on Thursday.

“Sometimes he has been misidentified as [literary critic] Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana or Sjahrir the [late] economist.”

Sjahrir was born in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra, on March 5, 1909, the son of an adviser to the Sultan of Deli. He studied in Medan and Bandung, before moving to Leiden in The Netherlands around 1929 to study law.

In Holland, he gained an appreciation for socialist principles, and joined several labor unions as he worked to support himself. He was briefly the secretary of the Indonesian Association (Perhimpunan Indonesia), an organization of Indonesian students in the Netherlands.

He returned to Indonesia in 1931 without completing his law degree, and helped set up the Indonesian National Party (PNI). Around this time, he became a close associate of future vice president Mohammad Hatta.

His nationalist activities saw him imprisoned by the Dutch in November 1934 for many years, first in Boven Digul, then on Banda. In 1941, just before the area fell to the Japanese, he was moved to Sukabumi.

At the time when Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta were compromising with the occupying Japanese forces, Sjahrir was involved in a clandestine movement that he believed would help prepare the nation for independence when the time was right.

In November 1945, then president Sukarno appointed him prime minister, a position he held until June 1947, during which time he worked on winning international recognition for the newly independent country.

 

Sjahrir is shown during the campaign for the 1955 general election.

Sjahrir founded the Indonesian Socialist Party in 1948, which, although small, proved to be influential in the early years after independence because of the expertise and high education levels of its leaders.

But after January 1950 Sjahrir no longer held any government positions, and his party performed poorly during the 1955 elections.

After a 1958 revolt known as PRRI or “Revolutionary Government of Indonesian Republic” in 1958, his relationship with Sukarno deteriorated, and the president banned his party two years later.

At 4 a.m. on Jan. 16, 1962, Sjahrir was arrested at his house in Jakarta. Three months later, he was sent with other political prisoners to Madiun, Central Java, before being moved back to Jakarta in 1965.

Despite his long and fervent political career, Sjahrir was always devoted to his family — he had two children, Kriya Arsyah and Parvati. He wrote in his prison diary on June 3, 1963, “My thoughts and my memories again and again turn to home, to my children. I want them to grow up to be happier and have a better life than me. … I want them to be honest, upright and loving, and not be obsessed with titles and stars.”

Sjahrir’s daughter, Parvati, was just two years old when her father was arrested. “I had to take a train back and forth from Solo to Madiun just to meet Papa,” she recalled. “When my father was moved to Jakarta, it was not easy for my mother to get a permit letter to visit Papa.”

The imprisonment, she said, was unjust. “Ironically, after Independence, he was detained without facing trial. He was accused without verification.”

As he was ill, Sjahrir was allowed to go to Zurich, Switzerland, for treatment. He died there on April 9, 1966, “far away from the country he co-founded, from the country he dearly loved, from family members and friends”, Parvati said. “Sjahrir went to Zurich as a political prisoner and returned to his homeland as a hero.”

He was a hero for his daughter as well.

“For me, Sjahrir, Papa, was a moral character who deserves to be emulated,” she said. “He was honest, brave and consistent with what he fought for. He did not fight for his own interest or for power or wealth. He fought for the freedom and the maturity of people to be free from oppression and the exploitation of others.”

—JP/Matheos V. Messakh

(when st sjahrir Died, Moh Hatta spoke

St Sjahrir always happy when he in the Dutch prison in digul and ternate, but when he was prinosed  by the leader of nation Sukarno, the nation he fight her independence, st sjahrir very sad and this made him sick until died,

before died he was  sent to Swiss to get the mediacal therapy-Dr Iwan notes)

 

The book illustration of delegation picture at Lingarjadi in nopember 1946. from lefft to right Dr Leimena,Drs Gani,DR van Mook,Mr Moh roem,Mr amir sjarifuddin, Prof Ir Dr Schermerhors,Mr susanto Tirtoprodjo,M van Poll,F de Boer,Prime St Sjahir,mr A.pringodigdo,Dr Sudarsono and Mr ali Budiarj0, this meeting have made the Political agrrement “Persetujuan Lingarjati” where the dutch “mengakui kekuasaan” de facto republic power on Jawa and Sumatra

 

First rupiah banknotes are issued by the Republic.

SOBSI umbrella group of labor organizations is organized with PKI support.

 

 

November,3rd.1947

 

Sementara pertempuran berlangsung, keluar perintah pada

3 November 1946

gencetan senjata diadakan dalam rangka penarikan pasukan Inggris dan pada gencatan senjata itu dilakukan, digunakan untuk berunding menentukan garis demarkasi.

 

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line.

British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

 

November,11th.1948

on 11-13 November 1946.

The Indonesian delegation consist of  Sutan Sjahrir (Head of Delegation), Mohammad Roem, Susanto Tirtoprodjo and AK Gani, while Dutch delegation consist of Prof. Ir. Schermeron (Head of Delegation), Max Van Poll, F de Boer and H.J Van Mook..

After taught negotiation, Indonesia and Dutch reached agreement as follows:

  1. Both parties would establish a federation state which would call United States of Indonesia by 1 January 1949.
  2. Both parties would continue their cooperation and establish the Union.

The Dutch Government recognized Republic of Indonesia sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura

November,14th.1946

Pembentukan Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Salah satu langkah yang ditempuh dalam rangka reorganisasi Jawatan Kepolisian Negara di Purwokerto adalah menyeragamkan nama, susunan kepangkatan, tugas, dan cara kerja dari Pasukan Kepolisian yang berada di tiap karesidenan.

Salah satu yang dilakukan adalah membentuk Mobiele Brigade (Mobbrig) pada tanggal 14 November 1946.

Pada awalnya Pembentukan Mobbrig tidak memerlukan penambahan pegawai karena anggota-anggotanya cukup diambil dan dipilih dari para anggota kepolisian yang ada, yang sehat, muda, dan sedapat mungkin belum berkeluarga.

Tujuan dari dibentuknya Mobbrig adalah tersusunnya pasukan-pasukan kecil sebagai inti dari kepolisian yang kuat persenjataannya dengan mobilitas tinggi.

 

November 15th.1946.

(a)Linggajati agreement: Dutch recognize Republic of Indonesia authority in Java, Sumatra and Madura. Both sides agree to form United States of Indonesia with Netherlands crown as symbolic head.

(b)British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce

 

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

 

November,16th.1946

The earliest used NRI North Sumatra handstamped Overprint type 36,negative  NRI white on black type,CDS Langsa 16.11.46.

.There are several different type overprint 36 which were applied and used in different parts of North Sumatra.Approximately 40 genuinely used entire exist of all types put together.The dai Nippon catalogue erroneously list ovpt 36 as a Middle Sumatra overprint(see the book illustration of  V.Esbensen catalogue)

 

 

 

I have found  this overprint type 36 only one used on money order fragment but the  Postal stamped CDS  not clear cds collection look the illustration below.

 

 

I have seen  three postally used collections,

one postally used on cover on the back of Chinese cover , one on money order , one sen cored cover  but the illustration not clear.(Dr iwan note)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The other type  Positive NRI overprint information from Dai Nippon catalogue,many type,look the illustration from that catalogue the postally used cover.

 

 

 

 

Information from V.esbensen,1980. This type Handstampoed Overprint 35, ten major type s of overprint had been observed.All are rare.Approximately 10 genuinely used entires exist of all types put together,theearliets date used  Siak Srei Indrapoera on Money order fragment 24.12.1945 (syowa CDS 20.12.24) looh the book illustration

 

I had found two collection of this overprint type, one overprint on DEI Dancer ovpt Dai Nippon yubin small in mint condition and one on Dai Nippon stamp used  off cover,fotocopy my ex collections(Dr iwan note)

 

 

November 20.1946

(a)Battle of Marga: resistance on Bali led by Ngurah Rai is defeated by Dutch forces.


Ngurah Rai was a leader in the Indonesian independence struggle on Bali. Today, the major airport at Denpasar is named for him.

(d)DORT Camp C Gjogja POW letter send  to Djakarta via Djokja and Jakreta Red Corss (official stamped)  and CDS repoblic Indonesia Card stationer  bron numeric 10 centin this day

 

 

 

November 19th.1946

 

Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, dan Belanda menguasai kota tersebut

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

 

November,21th.1946

 

 

 Postal used cover from medan compare with the original medan CDS NRI 18.5.1946 below,the cross beside the date on this pH the  too bigger also the medan,may be they copied the CDS during DEI before the war.this cover must identifation by the expert to know fake or original

 

 

 

 

Another same cover from Sayoer st Maharaja meda which the originalitas dubois(diragukan keasliannya perlu dimintakan sertifiakt dari pakar) please compare with another CTO NRI Medan below

 

 

 

 

 

November,21th.1946

 

Tiga hari setelah Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, Belanda mulai melanggar gencatan senjata.

 

Di pulau Brayan pada tanggal

21 November 1946,

 

Belanda merampas harta benda penduduk, dan pada hari berikutnya Belanda membuat persoalan lagi dengan menembaki pos-pos pasukan Laskar di Stasiun Mabar, juga Padang Bulan ditembaki.

 

Pihak Laskar membalas. Kolonel Schalten ditembak ketika meliwati di depan pos Lasykar. Belanda membalas dengan serangan besar-besaran di pelosok kota.

 

Angkatan Udara Belanda melakukan pengeboman, sementara itu di front Medan selatan di Jalan Mahkamah kita mendapat tekanan berat, tapi di Sukarame gerakan pasukan Belanda dapat dihentikan.

 

Medan sencored cover in 1941

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November,11th.1946

 small letter from the chief of Tionghoa nation area Tjojoedan with chinese char Kepala Tiong-jwa Tjojoedan Soerakarta  official squared cbhopped.

 

 

November,25th.1946

Postally nused on fragment  overprint REp: Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definive 20 send and 3 x NRI Indonesia sumatra  stamp with fond kemerdekaan 40 sen CDS Sawahloento 25.11.46.(rare collections,especially if in full cover)November,26th.1946

 

The rare Income tax paid at cds Padang 26.11.46 (padang in 1947 occupied by Dutch)

the same income tax from Padang Pandjang.

 

 

 

November, 29th.1946

Last British troops leave Indonesia.Dutch Capt. Raymond Westerling begins campaign in South Sulawesi against Republican youths. Westerling and his men commit many war crimes against citizens, including atrocities against children and hospital patien


Capt. Raymond Westerling was a notorious rogue officer for the Dutch during Indonesia’s war of independence. He headed a KNIL detachment called the Depot Speciale Troepen, which was implicated in war crimes which took as many as 5000 civilian lives. Most of the DST troops were actually Indonesians from Maluku. He returned to the Netherlands in 1950, and lived there until 1987.

December 1946

Pada tanggal 1 Desember 1946

 pasukan kita mulai menembakkan mortir ke sasaran pangkalan Udara Polonia dan Sungai Mati. Keesokan harinya Belanda menyerang kembali daerah belakang kota. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bata dan Padang Bulan ditembaki dan di bom.

 

Tentu tujuannya adalah memotong bantuan logistik bagi pasukan yang berada di kota. Tapi walaupun demikian, moral pasukan kita makin tinggi berkat kemenangan yang dicapai.

Karena merasa terdesak, Belanda meminta kepada Pimpinan RI agar tembak menembak dihentikan dengan dalih untuk memastikan garis demarkasi yang membatasi wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing.

 

Dengan adanya demarkasi baru, pasukan-pasukan yang berhasil merebut tempat-tempat di dalam kota, terpaksa ditarik mundur.Selagi kita akan mengadakan konsolidasi di Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai dan Tembung, mereka diserang oleh Belanda. Pertempuran berjalan sepanjang malam.

 

Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame were stop

At  dated December 1, 1946

our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar

, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs.

Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.

December,1st.1946

 

Pada tanggal 1 Desember 1946

 pasukan kita mulai menembakkan mortir ke sasaran pangkalan Udara Polonia dan Sungai Mati. Keesokan harinya Belanda menyerang kembali daerah belakang kota. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bata dan Padang Bulan ditembaki dan di bom.

 

Tentu tujuannya adalah memotong bantuan logistik bagi pasukan yang berada di kota. Tapi walaupun demikian, moral pasukan kita makin tinggi berkat kemenangan yang dicapai.

Karena merasa terdesak, Belanda meminta kepada Pimpinan RI agar tembak menembak dihentikan dengan dalih untuk memastikan garis demarkasi yang membatasi wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing.

 

Dengan adanya demarkasi baru, pasukan-pasukan yang berhasil merebut tempat-tempat di dalam kota, terpaksa ditarik mundur.Selagi kita akan mengadakan konsolidasi di Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai dan Tembung, mereka diserang oleh Belanda. Pertempuran berjalan sepanjang malam.

 

The return of the Dutch Army on the beach of Sanur in 1946.

Wikipedia says:

Following Japan’s Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Balinese took over the Japanese weapons.

The Dutch returned to Indonesia in 1946, including Bali, to reinstate their pre-war colonial administration. One Balinese, Colonel Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘freedom army’. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, by then 29 years old,

 

 rallied his forces in east Bali at Marga Rana, where they were trapped by heavily armed Dutch troops. On 20 November 1946, in the Battle of Marga, the Balinese battalion was entirely wiped out, breaking the last thread of Balinese military resistance.

In 1946 the Dutch constituted Bali as one of the 13 administrative districts of the newly proclaimed State of East Indonesia, a rival state to the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali was included in the United States of Indonesia when the Netherlands recognised Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.

December,1st.1947

At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night.

December,5th.1947

The rare Tjideng Camp(women dutch POW camp) help Postoffice Batavia (Bij Postkantoor Tjideng kamp’Batavia) CDS 16 DES 1946 hand stamped in violet ink stamped. on Ned Indie NICA USA printing stamps 71/1 cent.(read about this camp and  ilustration at hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress searc Kisah Tawanan Perang dai Nippon bagian kelimDr Iwan note)

 

 

December .18th.1946

The Money Order send from Koelasimpang(Aceh) to Binjei(North Sumatra) with sencored chopped “telah diperiksa” with DEI kon.10cent with NRI negative handscoped

 

December 18-24.1946.

Dutch create state of East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur at a conference in Denpasar, Bali. Capital of the new NIT is Makassar, and it includes the entire eastern half of Indonesia. Sjahrir protests.”Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” coalition packs KNIP with pro-Linggajati members.

The Dutch delayed signing the Linggajati agreement for months. Many of their actions over the following six months appeared to be aimed at undermining it.

 

 

 

 

 

December,20th.1946

The Telok Betong Lampong Taman Siswa’s school report 1946-1947,and at back Taman siswa Bonds(andeel) 1927

 

 

December,24th.1945

 

The dutch KNIL soldier used dai Nippon Picture Postard in December ,24t h.1945 send to Netherland with Nedfreland indie military postmark

*

*allied forces pamphlet used by KNIL for administation 1946-1950 because the scarce of the paper  that time

Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch.

The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946

is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any direction

 

December,30th.1946

Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

Serangan Belanda pada tanggal 30 Desember 1946

ini benar-benar melumpuhkan kekuatan laskar kita.(NRI)

 

Daerah kedudukan laskar satu demi satu jatuh ke tangan Belanda. Dalam serangan Belanda berhasil menguasai Sungai Sikambing, sehingga dapat menerobos ke segala arah.

 

Perkembangan perjuangan di Medan menarik perhatian Panglima Komandemen Sumatera. Ia menilai bahwa perjuangan yang dilakukan oleh Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area, ialah karena kebijakan sendiri. lihatlah illustrasi  para pejuang dari lasjkar medan area Tanjongmorawa  dibawah ini:

 

marinir nederland indies Brigade Jawa, 1946.

Semarang 26-7. Sebuah mesin Vickers senapan dari Reg 1 1946

Sebuah Curtiss P-40N Kittyhawk dari angkatan udara Belanda untuk Semarang sarat dengan bom. 1946

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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