KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA 1947 (BERSAMBUNG)

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA

1947

 

 

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

BUKU YANG LENGKAP TERSEDIA BAGI YANG BERMINAT HUBUNGGI LIWAT KOMENTAR(COMMENT) DI WEB BLOG INI

sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

Driwancybermuseum Homeoffic 

Copyrught @ Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA 2013

Forbidden to copy without written permission by the author

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

part III 1947

Based On Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

copyright@2013

 

Rare Batavia Centrum Handstamped Postmark in 1947,on postally used small cover with  2 x Nica USAprinting stamp 2 cen(rate 4 cent),

 

in 1947 , there were several unique type of Nica Batavia post office handstamped CDS postmark,this one sample,other look at the chronolic collections.

 

Sarong Batik Tulis Pekalongan in 1947

 

Aceh revolution papermoney 1947

 

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part III in 1947

In 1947 several local Notrh(east) Sumatra  repoeblic indonesia  issued:

 

(a)          Koela Leidong Membang Moeda Banknote

 

 

 

Koealoeh Leidong, Membang Moeda, Negara Republik Indonesia, 1947-1948

During the Dutch colonial rule in the Netherlands Indies, Membang Moeda was one of many large rubber plantations, occupying an area of 3.104 ha. It was owned by the Dutch “NV Rubber Cultuur-Mij. Amsterdam” and produced approximately 1.3 million kilo’s of rubber in 1938. Membang Moeda was situated about 50 km south of the city of Kisiran, in the administrative division Asahan, district of Laboehan Batoe, subdistrict Koealoeh Leidong, part of the Sumatra East Coast residency (Sumatera Timor). Membang Moeda was connected to the Deli railroad and had it’s own railway station. The Deli Railroad Company started in 1883 with building a railroad from Laboehan Deli to Belawan. Step by step the railroad was extended throughtout the residency and the last trajectory from Kisiran to Rantauprapat was finished in 1937, connecting Membang Moeda to the network.

(b)Local east Sumatra  Military banknote called Gun(Senapan )Money

 

(a)    Local aceh revoluitionery papermoney 5 rupiah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oeang Republik Indonesia (ORI) Second Emission

  P21 – 5 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Denomination on left and right, law text at center
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 149 x 70 mm
  P22 – 10 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Denomination on left and right, law text at center
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 150 x 75 mm
  P23 – 25 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Bull at center, law text at left
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Watermark: Fiber and control code
Size: 170 x 80 mm
  P24 – 100 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Serial Number: 039714 TC
Front: Soekarno at left
Back: Legal warning at center indicating anyone who counterfeits money in the regions of the Indonesia Republic may be punished according to the Book of Criminal Law Articles 244, 245 and 249.
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 177 x 87 mm

Oeang Republik Indonesia (ORI) Third Emission

  P27 – 25 Rupiah
Issue Date: 26 July 1947
Front: Potrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president
Back: Bull at center, law text at left
Signature: Mr. A. A. Maramis
Size: 167 x 80 mm (Original size: 170 x 83 mm)
  P29 – 100 Rupiah
Issue Date: 26 July 1947
Front: Potrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president
Back: Law text at left and a keris-dagger at right
Signature: Mr. A. A. Maramis
Size: 174 x 85 mm
  P31 – 10 Sen
Front:
Back: Palm trees at center
Size: 99 x 60 mm
  P31 – 10 Sen
Front:
Back: Palm trees at center
Size: 99 x 60 mm
  P32 – 20 Sen
Front: Ornamental design at center
Back: Anti-forgery warnings at center
Size: 100 x 60 mm

 

 

Megawati was born in January 1947

In 1947

, under pressure from breaches of the truce and Dutch companies who felt that their interests were under threat, the Netherlands embarked on the military operation known in Dutch history as the ‘first police action’.

An indignant United Nations intervened by calling on the Netherlands to desist.

 

Indonesia independent – Photographs 1947-1953

Biography Cas Oorthuys (1908-1975)

From January until March 1947, Oorthuys travelled through Indonesia commissioned by ABC-Press and publishing house Contact. On his journey through Java and Borneo he was accompanied by the educationalist Albert de la Court, who wrote the texts.

 

January,1st 1947

 

 

The KNIP leader St sjahrir at KNIP meeting Malang in January 1947,veside him Mr amir Sjarifoedin.

 

 

KNIP( Center Indonesian national comitee)member Mr Assaad at  malang in January 1947

 

 

Mr Assaad spead at KNIP meeting Malang in January 1947

 

 

The KNIP member Amir Sjarifoedin at Malang in 1947

 

 

The KNIP member Maria ulfa santoso during KNIP meeting at Malang in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The KNIP Malang member in January 1947(four pictures)

 

 

 

 

 

Sultan djokja at Malang  in January 1947

 

 

The catholic cathedral Jakarta in January 1947

 

 

 

THE BATIK TULIS FABRIC  INDONESIA IN JANUARY 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Street trading at Jakarta in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

The Young Indonesian organization member at the front of Diponegoro picture in January 1947(two pictures)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tionghoa  ethnic  pemakaman ceremony in Indonesia January 1947

 

 

Buffet of the Delegation Indonesia-Dutch meeting at Merdeka Palace in jnauary 1947 St Sjahrir,H.J. van Mook,Schermenhorn,

 

 

NRI republic propaganda in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ship and wood lodging  at Borneo river in 1947(three photos)

 

 

 

 

Maar in 1947 is hij terug in Indië, waar hij eindelijk,

 maar dan nu echt, de definitieve “Groot verlofpas’ overhandigd krijgt plus een oorkonde die hem het recht verleent “het demobilisatie insigne” te dragen. Hij woont niet meer in Bandoeng, maar in Batavia, volgens het Bewijs van Vestiging van de H.O.B. en daar zal hij nog een jaar of tien jaar blijven ook. (P.Molenbroek)

Zijn rijbewijs uit 1955

vermeldt dat hij werkzaam is bij “Ver. Pendj. Malam ‘Het Anker’ aan de Djalan Djohar no 16” in Djakarta. Volgens zijn identiteitsbewijs uit diezelfde tijd woont hij in Hotel Dharma Nirmala, het voormalige Hotel der Nederlanden dat na de Japanse bezetting nog langdurig dienst had gedaan als opvangkamp. Hoelang is hij nog in Indonesië gebleven? Wat hield hem daar na zijn vertrek uit ‘s Lands Dienst? Was hij ‘uitgeburgerd’ in Nederland? Is hij ooit wel teruggekomen naar zijn geboorteland? Hoe dan ook, de foto uit

Hotel Dharma Nirwana toont hem eindelijk ongeveer zoals de laatste tekening uit zijn kamptijd: een verzorgde, gladgeschoren, goed gezonde kop. Dat was, zoals op de achterzijde van de tekening in potlood staat in Hotel Tjimahi nog “toekomst muziek”.(P,Molenbroek)

 

 

Dr Koets of the first Dutch Nica Cabinet at Jakata merdeka palace in January 1947

Dr. Koets, chef van het kabinet van de Lt. G.G., ontvangt leden van de Indonesische delegatie in het gouvernementspaleis te Jakarta, Indonesië (1947)

 

Legitimatiebewijs ten name van J . M. Durand-Leeuwenbergh. De briefkaart is uit de Japanse bezettingstijd, later voorzien van een overdruk in het Bahasa Indonesia: Kartoe Pos, en op de voorgedrukte postzegel: Repoeblik Indonesia, 5 sen. Het bewijs is ten bate van het Pensioenfonds Bandung

 

 

 

 

 

 

January,1st.1947

Pertempuran Lima Hari  Palembang

Pada hari Rabu, tanggal 1 Januari 1947, sekitar pukul 05.30 pagi, sebuah kendaraan Jeep yang berisi pasukan Belanda keluar dari Benteng dengan kecepatan tinggi.

Mereka melampaui daerah garis demarkasi yang sudah disepakati. Ternyata mereka mabuk setelah pesta semalam suntuk merayakan datangnya tahun baru.

Kendaraan Jeep itu melintasi Jalan Tengkuruk membelok dari Jalan Kepandean (sekarang Jalan TP. Rustam Effendi) lalu menuju Sayangan, kemudian melintasi ke arah Jalan Segaran di 15 Ilir, yang banyak terdapat markas Pasukan RI/Lasykar seperti Markas Napindo, Markas TRI di Sekolah Methodist, rumah kediaman A.K. Gani, Markas Divisi 17 Agustus, Markas Resimen 15, dan Markas Polisi Tentara.

Pada kesempatan yang sama para pemimpin militer dan Lasykar mengadakan rapat komando untuk menentukan sikap dalam menghadapi provokasi Belanda. Rapat dihadiri pimpinan pemerintah sipil Gubernur Muda M. Isa.

 Dalam rapat tersebut, Panglima Divisi II Kolonel Bambang Utoyo, Gubernur Muda M. Isa, maupun Panglima Lasykar 17 Agustus, Kolonel Husin Achmad menyatakan bahwa dalam menghadapi provokasi Belanda, pihak RI bertindak tidak lagi sekedar membalas serangan, melainkan harus berinisiatif untuk menggempur semua kedudukan dan posisi pertahanan Belanda di seluruh sektor.

 Kepala staf Devisi II, Kapten Alamsyah, mengeluarkan perintah “Siap dan Maju” untuk bertempur menghadapi Belanda

 

  1. 1.       Front Seberang Ilir Timur


Front Seberang Ilir Timur meliputi kawasan mulai dari Tengkuruk sampai RS Charitas – Lorong Pagar Alam – Jalan Talang Betutu – 16 Ilir – Kepandean – Sungai Jeruju – Boom Baru – Kenten. Pertempuran pertama terjadi pada hari Rabu 1 Januari 1947.

 

Belanda melancarkan serangan dan tembakan yang terus menerus diarahkan ke lokasi pasukan RI yang ada di sekitar RS Charitas. RS Charitas berada di tempat yang strategis karena berada di atas bukit sehingga menjadi basis pertahanan yang baik bagi Belanda.

Daerah Front Seberang Ilir (RS Charitas) menjadi tanggung jawab dari Komandan Resimen Mayor Dani Effendi. Basis strategi pertahan di Front Seberang Ilir Timur terutama berlokasi di depan Masjid Agung, simpang tiga Candi Walang, Pasar Lingkis (sekarang Pasar Cinde), Lorong Candi Angsoko dan di Jalan Ophir (sekarang Lapangan Hatta).
Dibawah pimpinan Mayor Dani Effendi, Pasukan TRI melancarkan serangan ke Rumah Sakit Charitas dan daerah di Talang Betutu. Serangan ini dilakukan bersama dengan satu kompi dan Batalyon Kapten Animan Akhyat yang bertahan di simpang Jalan Talang Betutu (Perwiranegara, 1987: 67). Tujuan serangan ini adalah untuk memblokir bantuan Belanda yang datang dari arah Lapangan Udara Talang Betutu menuju arah Palembang dan menghalangi hubungan antara pusat pertahanan Belanda di RS Charitas dengan Benteng.

Pada sore harinya, pihak Belanda telah mengerahkan pasukan tank dan panser untuk menerobos pertahanan dan barikade Pasukan TRI di sepanjang Jalan Tengkuruk. Mereka kemudian berhasil menduduki Kantor Pos dan Kantor Telepon melalui perlawanan yang seru dari Pasukan TRI. Dengan berhasilnya Belanda menduduki Kantor Telepon, maka hubungan melalui alat komunikasi menjadi terputus secara total. Setelah itu, belanda memperluas gerakannya hingga menduduki Kantor Residen dan Kantor Walikota. Pasukan TRI yang berada di daerah tersebut mengundurkan diri ke Jalan Kebon Duku dan Jalan Kepandean sedangkan di RS Charitas, kekuatan Belanda semakin terdesak karena serangan dari Pasukan TRI.

 

 January,2nd.1947
Pada

 

pertempuran hari kedua, konsentrasi pasukan terutama diarahkan terhadap pasukan dan pertahan Belanda di RS Charitas. Namun, Belanda berhasil menerobos lini Talang Betutu setelah terlebih dahulu berhadapan dengan Lettu Wahid Uddin bersama Kapten Anima Achyat. Belanda telah memperkuat tempat-tempat yang telah mereka kuasai, terutama di depan Masjid Agung. Sementara itu, kapal-kapal perang (korvet) Belanda mulai hilir mudik di Sungai Musi sambil menembakan peluru mortirnya kesegala arah. Secara spontanitas, rakyat dan pemuda di dalam kota dan luar kota turut serta bertempur melawan Belanda. Mobilisasi umum di kalangan masyarakat agraris-tradisional terus berlangsung untuk menghadapi Belanda. Melihat kemajuan-kemajuan dipihak kita, Belanda pun segera mengadakan pengintaian, bahkan melakukan tembakan dari udara terhadap kereta api yang membawa bahan makanan, bantuan dari Baturaja, Lubuk Linggau, dan Lahat. Rakyat yang berada di Front Seberang Ilir menjadi sangat menderita karena keterbatasan kesediaan pangan akibat Sungai Musi dikuasai Belanda dan penembakan kereta api.
Oleh karena lokasi Markas Besar Staf Komando Divisi II tidak lagi aman, maka dipindahkan dari Sungai Jeruju ke daerah Kenten, tepatnya di Jalan Duku. Hal ini disebabkan karena Belanda terus-menerus melakukan pengintaian dan pengeboman terhadap markas-markas Pasukan TRI/Lasykar. Keberhasilan pengeboman jarak jauh yang dilakukan Belanda tidak terlepas dari peranan para pengintai atau mata-mata.

Ternyata dalam pemeriksaan dan interogerasi yang dilaksanakan, memberi banyak petunjuk bahwa pihak Belanda secara licik menggunakan warga kota keturunan Tionghoa sebagai informan mereka, disamping sebagai pelayan kegiatan ekonomi bagi kepentingan Belanda. Kapten Alamsyah Ratu Perwiranegara menilai bahwa kasus mata-mata ini sangat sensitif, ia segera memerintahkan Letnan Dua Asmuni Nas untuk merazia dan menyita semua telepon yang digunakan oleh keturunan Tionghoa di sepanjang Pasar 16 Ilir.
Pertempuran hari ketiga berlangsung pada hari Jum’at, tanggal 3 Januari 1947. Saat itu, Kolonel Mollinger memerintahkan angkatan perangnya (Darat, Laut, dan Udara) untuk menghancurkan semua garis pertahanan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar.

Ini menunjukan terjadinya konsep perang tiga matra yang dilakukan Belanda di Palembang.
Berdasarkan perintah tersebut, maka konvoi kendaraan berlapis baja keluar dari Benteng menuju RS Charitas menerobos Jalan Tengkuruk, melepaskan tembakan di sekitar Masjid Agung dan Markas BPRI. Gerakan penerobosan Belanda ke Charitas itu dihambat oleh pasukan kita yang berada di Pasar Cinde dengan ranjau-ranjau, manun gagal karena ranjau-ranjau tersebut gagal meledak. Akibatnya Pasar Lingkis (Cinde) dapat dikuasai oleh musuh.

 

 Tapi, sore harinya pasar itu dapat dikuasai kembali oleh pasukan kita (Resimen XVII). Senjata dan amunisi yang dimiliki pasukan RI jumlahnya terbatas, dan sebagian besar senjata yang digunakan oleh pasukan kita banyak yang telah tua (out of date) sebagai hasil rampasan dari serdadu Jepang (Abdullah, 1996: 43). Sampai hari ketiga, keadaaan Palembang sebenarnya sudah parah. Hampir seperlima kota telah hancur terkena serangan bom dan peluru mortir Belanda.

   

SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com
Kehancuran Kota Palembang karena bom-bom Belanda tersebut ditambah lagi dengan adanya aksi bumi hangus, seperti jembatan kayu di 24 Ilir, atas perintah Kepala Pertahanan Divisi II, Kapten Alamsyah. Pembongkaran ini dimaksudkan agar jembatan tidak digunakan oleh Belanda untuk menerobos dari arah Bukit Kecil menuju Charitas. Bahka, perintah yang benar-benar ditakuti Belanda adalah “aksi bumi hangus Plaju dan Sungai Gerong.”


Pada pertempuran hari keempat (4 Januari 1947),

Belanda menfokuskan pertahanan di Plaju. Sehingga pasukan Mayor Dani Effendi berhasil memanfaatkan situasi tersebut untuk menguasai Charitas dan sekitarnya. Akibatnya pasukan Belanda mulai terdesak. Pasukan TRI berhasil mendekati gudang amunisi di RS Charitas dan menembak serdadu Belanda yang berusaha mendekati gudang tersebut.


Pada 5 Januari 1947,

pihak Belanda dapat menguasai beberapa tempat dengan bantuan kapal-kapal perang yang hilir mudik di Sungai Musi dan pesawat terbang yang menjatuhkan bom-bom ke arah posisi Pasukan TRI. Namun demikian pasukan Belanda mengalami hal yang sama dengan Pasukan TRI yaitu letih, kurang tidur dan merasa stress, sedangkan Pasukan TRI telah banyak menderita kerugian baik dari materi ataupun yang gugur dan luka-luka

 

 

 

2. Front Seberang Ilir Barat

Front Seberang Ilir Barat meliputi kawasan mulai dari 36 Ilir yaitu meliputi Tangga Buntung – Talang – Bukit Besar – Talang Semut – Talang Kerangga – Emma Laan – Sungai Tawar – Sekanak – Benteng.
Markas Batalyon 32 Resimen XV Divisi II dipimpin Makmun Murod yang berda di Front Seberang Ilir Barat, yaitu di Sekanak. Komandan Resimen XV dan Komandan Batalyon 32/XV beserta para perwira yang berada di markas, sibuk mengatur pertahanan dan merencanakan untuk menyerang benteng-benteng pertahanan Belanda. Suara tembakan yang saling bersahutan sudah semakin gencar diselingi oleh dentuman senjata-senjata berat yang ditembakan dari pos-pos dan gedung-gedung pertahanan Belanda ke arah kubu pertahana Pasukan TRI dan barisan pertahanan rakyat.
Pada pertempuran yang terjadi pada tanggal 1 Januari 1947, pasukan-pasukan disekitar belakang Benteng mulai terdesak lalu mengundurkaan diri ke sekitar Jalan Kelurahan Madu dan Jalan Kebon Duku. TRI/Lasykar yang berlokasi di Bukit terpaksa mengubah taktik yaitu memencarkan diri masuk ke kampung-kampung di sekitar Bukit Siguntang dan sekitarnya. Tindakan ini dilakukan untuk mencegah pasukan Belanda yang akan menerobos ke 35 Ilir. Karena apabila pasukan Belanda yang akan beroperasi di 36 Ilir, Suro, 29 Ilir dan Sekanak akan terkepung. Usaha pasukan TRI dibawah pimpinan Mayor Surbi Bustam dilakukan untuk menyerang Gedung BPM Handelszaken. Serangan ini dibantu oleh Kapten Makmun Murod, Letnan Satu Asnawi Mangkualam dan Kapten Riyacudu. Dalam pertempuran tersebut, seorang prajurit yang diketahui pemuda keturunan Tionghoa, Sing, tertembak dan gugur. Belanda dengan menggunakan kendaraan berlapis baja dan persenjataan modern berhasil menguasai Kantor Pos, Kantor Telegraf, Kantor Residen, Kantor Walikota dan di sekitar Jalan Guru-guru di 19 Ilir.
Secara keseluruhan, pertempuran pada hari pertama tersebut, inisiatif sepenuhnya berada di tangan Pasukan TRI dan pejuang. Belanda dengan segala kemampuannya berusaha mempertahankan pos-pos pertahanan dan kedudukannya sambil terus malancarkan tembakan-tembakan ke arah pasukan yang menyerang. Pasukan Belanda boleh dikatakan tidak berani keluar dari kubu pertahannya, terutama yang berkududkan di Seberang Ilir, karena gencarnya serangan Pasukan TRI dan Lasykar. Pasukan Belanda hanya membalas tembakan dari tempat perlindungan, dengan memuntahkan peluru mortir dan dengan tembakan howitzer untuk sasaran jarak jauh.
Belanda menerapkan sistem pertahanan saling dukung antar pos-pos mereka. Jika satu tempat pertahanan terkepung oleh Pasukan TRI, maka dalam waktu singkat mendapat bantuan dari kubu pertahanan Belanda lainnya. Bantuan sering berupa tembakan, mortir atau howitzer atau dukungan tembakan dari kapal perang De Ruiter. Kapal perang Belanda memang hilir mudik di Sungai Musi, khususnya jenis korvet.
Pada pertempuran hari kedua, Belanda menembakan mortirnya dengan membabibuta ke arah Sekanak sampai ke Tangga Buntung. Tujuan utama adalah menembaki markas batalyon dan pos-pos pertahanan TRI dan rakyat yang terdapat antara Sekanak sampai Tangga Buntung. Tidak dapat dihindari lagi peluru tersebut telah mengenai daerah pemukiman penduduk. Gencarnya tembakan yang dilakukan Belanda dari benteng pertahanan dan dan pesawat udara pada 2 Januari 1947 menyebabkan Staf Komando Batalyon 32/XV oleh Mayor Zurbi Bustam bersama Kapten Makmun Murod dipindahkan ke Talang. Daerah Suro dan Talang Kerangga pada saat itu tidak luput dari serangan musuh.
Dengan dorongan semangat dan do’a, Pasukan TRI tetap berusaha untuk mempertahankan diri. Penambahan pasukan terjadi melalui Batalyon Ismail Husin dari Lampung yang berhasil menyeberang melalui Tangga Buntung. Rakyat atau penduduk sipil pun ikut serta memberikan bantuan tenaga. Keterbatasan senjata tidak membuat pasukan kita menyerah. “molotov” adalah bensin yang dimasukan ke dalam botol dicampur dengan karet untuk kemudian diberi sumbu memjadi alat yang sangat efisien. Kapten Alamsyah memerintahkan Sersan Mayor M. Amin Suhud untuk mencuri persediaan bensin Belanda yang akan digunakan untuk membuat bom molotov. Sersan Mayor M. Amin Suhud mendapatkan bensin. Kesulitan bahan makanan dialami oleh Front Seberang Ilir Barat karena blokade yang dilakukan oleh Belanda. Dalam kondisi demikian, bantuan bahan makanan dari dapur umum di garis belakang yang dikirim ibu-ibu dan remaja puteri sangat berarti. Begitu pula peran anggota Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) dan PPI (Pemuda Puteri Indonesia) yang mengurus korban pertempuran dan mengurus bahan makanan.
Pada hari ketiga, pertempuran tiga matra yang dilakukan oleh Belanda semakin aktif, setelah dikeluarkan perintah oleh Kolonel Mollinger untuk menghancurkan garis pertahanan RI di Emma Laan (Jalan Kartini) dan Sekolah MULO Talang Semut. Pasukan TRI yang dibawah pimpinan Letda Ali Usman berhasil menghancuran sekitar 3 regu Pasukan Belanda yaitu Pasukan Gajah Merah (Perwiranegara, 1987: 75). Belanda tidak tinggal diam, segera membalas serangan di Emma Laan. Sehingga pada pertempuran hari keempat, Sabtu tanggal 4 Januari 1947, Pasukan TRI/Lasykar terdesak sehingga mundur ke arah Kebon Gede,Talang dan Tangga Buntung.
Sebagai resiko perjuangan dari bangsa yang baru merdeka, maka setiap gerakan pasukan musuh berakibat pada pemindahan dislokasi pasukan. Walaupun situasi pertempuran selalu dilaporkan kepada komando pertempuran. Namun laporan tersebut mengalami keterlambatan akibat sulitnya hubungan komunikasi.
Pada hari kelima pertempuran di Front Seberang Ilir Barat terus berlangsung, walaupun Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dan rakyat mulai menampakkan keletihan dan pengiriman makanan dari dapur umum mulai tidak teratur lagi akibat blokade Belanda. Sebenarnya blokade ini juga berdampak pada pihak Belanda juga karena bahan makanan dari luar kota sulit masuk ke Kota Palembang.

3. Front Seberang Ulu

Front Seberang Ulu meliputi kawasan mulai dari 1 Ulu Kertapati sampai Bagus Kuning, selanjutnya meliputi kawasan Plaju – Kayu Agung – Sungai Gerong. Untuk tanggung jawab pertahanan dan keamanan di daerah Palembang Ulu dibebankan kepada Batalyon 34 Resimen XV dengan Komandan Batalyon Kapten Raden Mas yang bermarkas si sekolah Cina 7 Ulu (sekarang SHD), yang melakukan perlawanan di Kertapati sampai Plaju.
Pada awal pertempuran tanggal 1 Januari 1947, tembakan mortir dari pasukan Belanda yang dberada di Bagus Kuning, Plaju dan Sungai Gerongterus ditujukan ke markas batalyon yang dipimpin Kapten Raden Mas. Namun demikian, kapal perang Belanda yang berada di Boom Plaju atau Sungai Gerong belum dapat bergerak leluasa, karena dihambat oleh pasukan ALRI di Boom Baru.
SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com
Lokasi di perairan Sungai Musi sebelum pertempuran merupakan salah satu tempat berlangsungnya aktivitas perekonomian. Namun ini berbeda pada hari pertama pertempuran. Motorboat milik Belanda melaju dari arah Plaju menuju Boom Yetty yang diduga membawa bahan persenjataan pasukan Belanda, Pasukan TRI berusaha menyerang namun tidak berhasil.

Kompi I yang berkedudukan di Jalan Bakaran Plaju, dipimpin Lettu Abdullah di Jalan Kayu Agung dan Sungai Bakung diberi tugas untuk menghadapi Belanda. Begitu juga Kompi II yang dipimpin Letda Sumaji bertugas menghadapi Belanda di Bagus Kuning dan Sriguna, sedangkan Kompi II dibawah pimpinan Letda Z. Anwar Lizano bertugas menghadapi Belanda di pinggir Sungai Musi yang letaknya sejajar dengan Boom Yetty sampai Pasar 16 Ilir. Pertempuran yang telah terjadi menimbulkan semangat patriotisme di kalangan pasukan TRI. Bantuan pasukan segara menuju Palembang. Letkol Harun Sohar telah melepaskan pemberangkatan pasukan menuju Kertapati dan Lahat dengan menggunakan kereta api.
Kelelahan pasukan Belanda dimanfaatkan oleh Letnan Dua S. Sumaji yang merencanakan serbuan dini hari, pada tanggal 2 Januari 1947. Pasukannya dibantu dari Lasykar Pesindo, Napindo dan Hizbullah. penyerbuan tersebut membuahkan hasil. Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dapat menguasai gudang-gudang persenjataan musuh, sedangkan pasukan Belanda mengundurkan diri ke kapal-kapal perang mereka. Bendera Belanda si tiga warna yang terpancang di depan asrama telah diturunkan, kemudian dirobek warna birunya dan dinaikkan kembali dengan keadaan si Dwiwarna, Sang Saka Merah Putih. Namun kemenangan ini tidak berlangsung lama pasukan Belanda kemudian melepaskan tembakan-tembakan mortir ke arah kedudukan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar.
Setelah Komandan Mollinger mengeluarkan perintah kepada seluruh unsur kekuatan darat, laut dan udara. Belanda untuk meningkatkan gempuran dan berusaha menerobos setiap garis pertahanan TRI dan badan-badan perjuangan rakyat. Pewasat-pesawat terbang dan kapal-kapal perang Belanda semakin menggiatkan aksinya, terutama di daerah-daerah yang menjadi tempat bertahan pasukan-pasukan TRI yang berada di Seberang Ulu dan Ilir. Kapal perang jenis korvet menembakan mesin kesepanjang Sungai Musi terutama di pos-pos pertahanan RI, terutama yang berlokasi di sekitar 7 Ulu.


SUMBER PHOTO : 
palembangtempodulu.multiply.com

Akibatnya Pasukan TRI dan Lasykar terpaksa membalas dengan menggunakan senjata bekas persenjataan Jepang, yaitu meriam pantai milik kompi III Batalyon 34 di 7 Ulu di tepi Sungai Musi. Dengan menggunakan senjata seperti itu, pasukan Hizbullah dibawah pimpinan Letkol (Lasykar) M. Ali Thoyib berhasil menembak sebuah motorboat Belanda yang sedang mengangkat amunisi milik Belanda dari Plaju menuju ke Benteng. Serangan terhadap motorboat Belanda mengakibatkan kemarahan pasukan Belanda. Mereka membalas dengan mengirim pesawat Mustang dan secara terus-menerus menhujani basis pasukan di 7 Ulu dengan tembakan bertubi-tubi selama dua jam. Hal ini menimbulkan korban yang besar di kalangan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dan rakyat. Bantuan terhadap pasukan Front Seberang Ulu datang dari Lahat dan Baturaja dikirim ke Bagus Kuning.
Pada tanggal 4 Januari 1947 di Front Seberang Ulu pasukan Belanda semakin memperhebat tekannya terhadap pasukan RI sehingga pasukan TRI yang berada di Bagus Kuning mengundurkan diri ke 16 Ulu. Kapal-kapal perang Belanda melakukan patroli mulai dari perairan Sungai Gerong di bagian Hilir sampai ke perairan Kertapati, Keramasan di bagian Hulu. Pada hari kelima, tanggal 5 Januari 1947, pasukan kita dalam keadaan lelah, sekalipun hal itu tidak mengendorkan semangat perjuangan.


Upaya Perundingan dan Pengakhiran Pertempuran
Sejak tanggal 4 Januari 1947 di Kota Palembang telah menerima kedatangan Kapten A.M. Thalib, utusan Panglima Divisi II Bambang Utoyo, yang mengabarkan tentang keinginan Mollinger untuk berunding. Ternyata Gubernur Muda telah menerima berita dari Jakarta lewat telegram yang diterima oleh pemancar darurat dibawah pimpinan Herry Salim, bahwa akan datang ke Palembang secepatnya Dokter Adnan Kapau Gani sebagai utusan pemerintah pusat untuk melakukan perundingan gencatan senjata dengan pihak Belanda.
Perundingan ini dilakukan oleh pihak RI dikarenakan ada kepentingan strategis dengan alasan:

  • pertama, mencegah korban lebih banyak
  • kedua, kita perlu mengadakan konsolidasi kekuatan kembali
  • ketiga, dari segi politis akan memberikan gambaran kepada dunia internasional bahwa RI cinta perdamaian, sekaligus menegaskan bahwa pemerintah pusatnya dipatuhi oleh daerah-daerahnya.
    Perhitungan yang melandasi berunding dari pihak RI adalah berdasarkan:
  • Pertama, perjuangan kemerdekaan akan memakan waktu cukup lama, mungkin bertahun-tahun.
  • Kedua, hampir 60% pasukan RI di Sumatera Selatan berada di Kota Palembang, bila sampai bertempur habis-habisan akan memperlemah kekuatan pada masa selanjutnya.

Setelah itu, ditetapkan tiga orang delegasi yang melakukan pejajakan perundingan. Mereka adalah dr. M. Isa, Gubernur Muda yang mewakili Pemerintah Sipil; Mayor M. Rasyad Nawawi, Kepala Staf Divisi Garuda II yang mewakili pasukan-pasukan dari Komando Pertempuran dan Komisaris Besar Polisi, Mursoda, yang mewakili Kepolisian (Perikesit, 1995: 69)
Perundingan antara RI – Belanda dilaksanakan pada tanggal 5 Januari 1947, di Rumah Sakit Charitas. Formasi delegasi pun ditambah dengan Kolonel Bambang Utoyo, Komandan Divisi Garuda II, yang ditunjuk sebagai Ketua dan Mayor Laut A.R. Saroingsong. Pertemuan dengan pihak Belanda sebenarnya telah mereka nanti-nantikan, sebab posisi Belanda benar-benar terjepit dan belum bisa mengadakan link up. Mereka masih terkurung dalam kubu per kubu yang terpisah satu sama lainnya.
Dalam perundingan tersebut pihak Belanda menuntut Kota Palembang dikosongkan dari seluruh pasukan TRI. Namun hal itu ditolak oleh delegasi RI. Pihak RI bersedia menarik TRI dan Lasykar dari kota, tapi ALRI, Kepolisian dan Pemerintahan Sipil tetap berada di dalam kota. Dengan alasan bahwa ALRI tidak mempunyai hubungan dengan Angkatan Darat. Adapun maksud tersembunyi adalah Pasukan ALRI yang tinggal di Kota Palembang akan menjadi penghubung dan mata-mata, disamping Polisi dan Pemerintahan Sipil, guna mengawasi kegiatan Belanda.

SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com

 

Akhirnya Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam diakhiri dengan gencatan senjata (cease fire) antara kedua belah pihak, dimana TRI/Lasykar harus kelur dari Kota Palembang sejauh 20 Kilometer kecuali Pemerintah Sipil RI dan ALRI masih tetap berada di dalam kota. Sedangkan pos-pos Belanda hanya boleh sejauh 14 Km dari pusat kota. Jalan raya di dalam kota dijaga pasukan Belanda dengan rentang wilayah 3 Km ke kiri dan kanan jalan. Hasil perundingan ini selanjutnya segera disampaikan ke markas besar TRI di Yogyakarta.

Kesimpulan


Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam merupakan upaya yang dilakukan Pasukan TRI, Lasykar dan Rakyat untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan di Kota Palembang. Dalam pertempuran itu, pihak lawan menguasai udara dan perairan (air and sea superioritary). Karena superioritas itulah mereka dapat bertahan dan disinilah pula terletak kelemahan kita serta tidak mempunyai perhubungan yang modern.

Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam di Palembang merupakan pertempuran tiga matra dan perang terbesar dan terlengkap yang pertama kali kita alami. Namun pihak kita hingga akhir pertempuran masih dapat bertahan berkat semangat pengorbanan jiwa, jihad dan patriotisme yang besar dari para pejuang dan rakyat.

   

 

   

 

   


(ognilir web blog)

RAWAGEDE KARAWANG MASSACRE 1947

 

The Dutch ambassador to Indonesia attended Tuesday’s memorial service for those who died in the 1947 massacre at Rawagede on West Java, in which almost every man in the village was killed.

It was the first time a representative of the Dutch government has attended the annual event, and comes at a time when pressure is mounting for an official apology for the killing.

The massacre took place during the five years of guerilla war which preceded Indonesian independence when Dutch soldiers executed some 431 men and boys from the village.

In his speech, which was in Indonesian, Nikolaos van Dam referred to earlier “sincere apologies from the Dutch government.” Until now, the official Dutch line has been to say “sorry” for the massacre.

But in the Dutch version of the speech, the words apology or excuses do not appear. Instead, the word “regret” is used.

After his speech, the ambassador said the words could be taken as an apology. “For me, [apologies and saying sorry] are the same,” he said.

Batara Hutagalung, who is behind efforts to get the Dutch government to apologise properly, said the ambassador sent out a mixed message. “Was he speaking about apologies or about regret?” Hutagalung said. “He says they are the same thing, but they are not.”

In 2005 when the then foreign minister Ben Bot spoke about the massacre, he too used the word “regret”.

The Dutch government acknowledged in 1969 that a mass execution had taken place at Rawagede during Indonesia’s struggle for independence, after revelations by a former Dutch soldier on the scale of the atrocities perpetrated by the Dutch army in its former colony.

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947 are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Tragedy of Rawagede Massacre, December 9, 1947

The Forgotten Dutch Military Aggression’s Victims

By Batara R. Hutagalung
Chairman of The Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts

On December 9, 2007 at the Rawagede monument, the 60th commemoration of the massacre in the Rawagede village will be held.


On December 1947,

 in military aggression by the Dutch started since

July 21, 1947;

Dutch military members have slaughtered 431 people of Rawagede village near Karawang, West Java . On October 1948, Dutch military again conducted ‘sweeping’ in Rawagede, and this time 35 more people were killed. The massacre of village people in Rawagede is the second largest massacre after the massacre by Dutch military members in South Sulawesi between

 December 1946 to February 1947.

Until August 1949, thousands of people were still being murdered without legal inquiries. During its aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950, Dutch military have conducted various atrocities and crimes against humanity and severe human rights abuses, include rape against Indonesian women who have been captured by Dutch military personnel.


Ironically, all the crimes and human rights abuses were done by Dutch military after the end of the World War II on 1945, after the Dutch have been freed from German’ military aggression and hundred thousands of Dutch people were released from Japanese Internment camps where they were detained from 1942-1945.
Netherlands, which is member of nations which victimize by German and Japan’ military aggression, which also made inquiries on German and Japan as perpetrator of war crimes and human rights abuse. But later, Dutch military did the same thing, and responsible for various war crimes and crimes against humanity in its efforts to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia.

Background
Japan initiated its military aggression in East Asia by attacking the United States ’ military hub in Pearl Harbour, on December 1941. Then Japan attacked South East Asia , include Dutch’ colony which was Nederlands Indie. France , England and Dutch colonies in the region were one by one seized by Japan .
On March 1, 1942, Japanese army XVI under command of Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura attacked Java island, after Japan Navy destroyed Allies’ armies ABDACOM (American, British, Dutch, Australian Command) in a battle which known today as ‘the Battle of Java Sea’.


After the fight that last a week, Dutch military members in Dutch Indies almost without struggle, surrendered to Japanese army. On March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, West Java, Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten, the top command of Dutch military in Dutch-Indies, representing Governor General of Dutch Indies, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh-Stachouwer, signed a document of unconditional surrender and handed over all Dutch colonies to Japan.

 

Therefore, March 9, 1942 marked the end of more than 300 years Dutch colonialism in Indonesia.


On August 15, 1945,

Japan declared surrender to the Allies but the unconditional surrender document was signed on September 2, 1945, on board of US warship ‘USS Missouri’ in Tokyo Bay; which brought the vacuum of power during the two dates in all Japanese colonies include ex Dutch colonies which have been handed over to Japan.


On August 17, 1945,

during the vacuum of power, Indonesian leaders have declared the Independence of Indonesia, and on August 18, 1945, have establish a government; which by thus, have fulfilled the three conditions to establish a nation, which are : 1. The presence of areas, 2. The presence of population, and 3. The presence of government.
On November 1946, the League of Arab Nations include Egypt, issued a resolution which acknowledged Indonesian independence as free and sovereign nation. It is a de jure acknowledgement according to International law.
After ‘surrendering’ its colonies formally to Japan, the Dutch have lost its rights and legitimation on Dutch-Indies. Therefore, when Indonesian people declared independence on August 17, 1945, this should not regarded as a coup against the Dutch.


The Dutch had been successful to obtain support from British to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia, and these were enacted in Civil Affairs Agreement (CAA) which was signed in Chequers, England,

 on August 24, 1945.

 In CAA, British would ‘clean-up’ any military powers of Republic of Indonesia, to be transferred to NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration).
These are recorded in command of Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander S.E.Asia Command, dated September 2, 1945, which given to Commander of Division 5, which stated:

“…You are instructed to proceed with all speed to the island of Java in the East Indies to accept the surrender of Japanese Imperial Forces on that island, and to release Allied prisoners of war and civilian internees.
In keeping with the provisions of the Yalta Conference you will re-establish civilians rule and return the colony to the Dutch Administration, when it is in a position to maintain services.
As you are no doubt aware, the local natives have declared a Republic, but we are bound to maintain the status quo which existed before the Japanese Invasion…”

Under assistance of 3 divisions of British army under command of Lieutenant General Phillip Christison and 2 divisions of Australian army under command of Lieutenant General Leslie “Ming the Merciless” Morsehead, gradually the Dutch acquired its power in Indonesia.

On July 13, 1946,

 Australia ‘surrendered’ East Indonesia region to the Dutch, and on July 15-25, 1946, ex Dutch Vice Governor General, Dr. Van Mook, organized ‘Malino Conference’, near Makassar, to establish the East Indonesia State.


During the ‘clean-up period’ by British and Australian military, the Dutch sent more soldiers from Netherlands; in order when British and Australia pulled out their military personnel from Indonesia, the Dutch military power would be able to be immediate replacement. At that time, Dutch military members had exceeded 100,000 people and continuously increased to 200,000 people, with modern artilleries include heavy warfare which granted by British and Australian military.

Linggajati Agreement and Dutch Military Aggression I
British facilitated negotiation between Republic of Indonesia and Dutch in Linggajati. \On November 15, 1946,

Linggajati agreement was drafted;

 

and on March 25, 1947,

 the agreement was formally signed by the government of Republic of Indonesia and Dutch government in Jakarta .


The Dutch was clearly using delay strategy, to strengthen its army in Indonesia by continuously shipped more people from Netherlands .

Linggajati aggrement lasted less than 4 months due to breach by the Dutch, by conducted military aggression which started

on July 21, 1947,

 under code “Operatie Product”. As a mask to International community, the Dutch named this aggression as ‘police action’; and declared the acts as internal affairs, which equivalent to statement that Indonesia was still its colony.

Republic of Indonesia reported this aggression to the United Nations, due to its breach against international agreement which is Linggajati agreement. Security Council of the United Nations issued Resolution No. 27, dated

August 1, 1947,

which called for cease of conflict.


United Nations Security Council has been de facto acknowledged the existence of Republic of Indonesia ; which is proven by formally addressed ‘INDONESIA’ in its resolution, and not
‘Netherlands Indies’. Since the first resolution, which is Resolution No. 27 on August 1, 1947, followed by Resolution No. 30 and No. 31 dated August 25, 1947, Resolution No. 36 on November 1, 1947, and Resolution No. 67 on January 28, 1949, Security Council of the United Nations always referred conflict between Republic of Indonesia and Netherlands as ‘The Indonesian Question’.


Under pressure of United Nations Security Council,

on August 15, 1947,

 the Dutch government finally accepted resolution of United Nations Security Council to stop the fight.
 

On August 17, 1947,

government of Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch government agreed on resolution of United Nations Security Council to cease-fire,

 and on August 25, 1947,

United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch. This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia ,

on December 8, 1947,

a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

Rawagede Massacre

 

 


Eventhough crease-fire agreement has been signed and during the negotiation in USS Renville, in West Java, the Dutch army from Division 1 which also known as Division of December 7, continued to hunt Indonesian army and patriots who fought against the Dutch. Dutch army which took part in Operation in Karawang areas were Detachment 3-9 RI, 1e para compagnie and 12 Genie veld compagnie, which were support brigade from paramilitary and DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
On December 9, 1947, a day after the initiation of Renville negotiation, Dutch army under command of a Major, attacked Rawagede village and raided houses. But they did not find members of Indonesia army. This triggered them to force people to get out from their homes to be gathered in a field. Males above 15 years were ordered to stand side by side, and then questioned on the presence of Republic fighters. But none of the people were willing to reveal the location of Indonesian fighters.
The Dutch Officer then commanded to shoot dead all male villagers, include teenagers as young as 12 years. Few people were able to escape to the forest, even though they suffered bullet wounds. Saih, one of the survivors, now aged 83, told a story how he and his father and neighbors about 20 people were ordered to stand in a line. The Dutch army then emptied their machine weapons onto them, and his father who stood next to them died instantly by the bullets. He also shot in his hand, but he fell on the ground and feigned to be death. He ran away when he found chance.
On that day, Dutch army massacred 431 people of Rawagede; without legal inquiry, lawsuit nor defense. Same as in South Sulawesi, the Dutch army in Rawagede have conducted what they referred as on-site execution (standrechtelijke excecuties); an act which clearly categorized as war crimes which is murder of non-combatants. It was estimated that the actual victims were more than 431, since many have been swept away by torrential flood due to heavy rain.
The downpours caused pool of bloods continue to drench the village. What left were women and children. The next day, after the Dutch army left the village, the women buried the bodies with in-adequate equipments. One mother buried her husband and two sons aged 12 and 15 years. They could not dug deep, only 50 centimeters, which caused the stenches stayed for days.
This massacre was also known by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia from the United Nations. But the commission’ reaction was limited to ‘critic’ against the military action which they called “deliberate and ruthless”, without further strict sanction due to human-rights abuse; let alone treating this massacre against innocent people as war crimes.
Now, there are 9 widows of the victims and 1 survivor of Rawagede massacre on December 9, 1947. The youngest, Imi, now aged 75. At that time, she was 15 years old and just married for 3 days when her husband was shot dead before her eyes. Since then, she is not married. All of them are only illiterate village people.

De Excessennota
On January 1969, under pressure of Dutch parliament, the Dutch government established a team to review archives which submitted to Dutch government, in order to investigate misconducts by Dutch military members (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht and KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), in Indonesia during 1945-1950. After conducting analysis in 5 months, the results were compiled in a report under title “Nota betreffende het archievenonderzoek naar gegevens omtrent excessen in Indonesië begaan door Nederlandse militairen in de periode 1945-1950”, shortened as
De Excessennota. This formal report was presented by Prime Minister deJong on June 2, 1969. This report which prepared in a hurry only put 140 ‘excess’ which done by Dutch army, despite many other incidents; since there were large murder cases done by Dutch military personnel were not included in the Excessennota.
In Netherlands, many parties have clearly denounce that what have been done by Dutch military during this period are war crimes (
oorlogs-misdaden) and not a mere excess.
The massacre in Rawagede, South Sulawesi and many other severe crimes against humanity, are only small evidences of Dutch military’ war crimes, in its efforts to re-colonialize Indonesia, after Indonesian people declared independence.
On August 16, 2005, in Jakarta , Dutch Foreign Minister Ben Bot stated that:

“…In retrospect, it is clear that its large-scale deployment of military forces in 1947 put the Netherlands on the wrong side of history. The fact that military action was taken and that many people on both sides lost their lives or were wounded is a harsh and bitter reality especially for you, the people of the Republic of Indonesia . A large number of your people are estimated to have died as a result of the action taken by the Netherlands …”

But this statement has been served as a mere lip service, since the Dutch government continues to remain irresponsible on various massacres on non-combatant people of Indonesia, and 60 years after these tragedies, remained unwilling to compensate the surviving victims, widows and family members of victims of Dutch army’ atrocities conducted during its military aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950.


On the 9th of December 1947 Dutch soldiers massacred 431 men in the Javanese village of Rawagede. It is not the first time this ghost from the past surfaced in the national media. Recently for instance this reporter wrote about it. In December 2007 newspaper “Trouw” dedicated a lengthy article to this black page of Dutch history. And now, last week, this war crime from over sixty years ago reappeared on TV, internet and in the papers once more.

Friday, the 12th of September there was this story by the son of a non commissioned officer who served during the Indonesian war of independence in the Dutch  army. Not a sheer coincidence, because earlier this week, Wednesday, the 11th of September,  another newspaper, “De Volkskrant”, published a short news item, “The Indonesian claim is reasonable” ,  about victims of that particular event, who almost sixty years later, seek justice- that is financial compensation – in Dutch courts.  And on Monday the 8th of

September

Group Sues Dutch War Crimes in Rawagede

The Dutch massacre in Rawagede is to be tried in The Hague on June 20 2011

 

Rawagede Massacre in 1947 (www.eenvandaag.nl)

VIVAnews – This is what happened on December 9, 1947: the Dutch soldiers’ trample entering Rawagede village. The soldiers came to search for a group of rioters. However, what happened was a massacre. As many as 430 settlers died, all were men.

 

It was raining on that unfortunate day, arousining

 

uncanny atmosphere. Red liquid, water mixed with blood, swamped the village. Women and children—the remaining settlers—buried the bodies with whatever strength and tools they had. The stench of the bodies from shallow graves was in the air for days. It was the cruelest and bloody crime the Dutch had ever committed between 1945 and 1949.

Rawagede is now gone, the name is changed to Balongsari village, in Rawamerta, Karawang. It is situated between Karawang and Bekasi. Sixty four years have passed, but the Rawagede legal case is not completed.

The families of the massacre victims filed a lawsuit at The Hague District Court on Wednesday, December 9, 2009. Represented by Liesbeth Zegveld, the families asked the Netherlands government to acknowledge the cruelty they have committed in Rawagede. They also asked for compensation.

The trial of Rawagede case is not yet complete. On Monday, June 20, 2011 at 9.30am local time, the lawyer is scheduled to read out a pledge or pledooi administratie. “The group of the victims’ families who become witnesses will leave for the Netherlands on Wednesday, June 15, 2011 from Soekarno-Hatta airport,” says the press release of the Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts that VIVAnews received on Tuesday evening, June 14, 2011.

It calls on Indonesian community, especially who are living in European Union countries, to watch the trial this Monday. Especially because the trial will be held a day before the commemoration of the death of Indonesia’s first president Sukarno on June 21, 2011.

The then Dutch Ambassador to Indonesia Nikolaos van Dam said his government had conveyed a deep regret over the Rawagede massacre. This was delivered when van Dam visited the 61st commemoration of Rawagede Tragedy at Rawagede Monument, Balongsari village, Rawamerta, Karawang district, West Java on December 9, 2008


“It was estimated that the number of Indonesians who died because of the Dutch’s violence was large. On behalf of the Dutch government, I would like to convey a deep regret over all the sufferings,” said van Dam, who retired as senior diplomat in 2010.

A Dutch court is expected to rule later if survivors of a massacre carried out more than 60 years ago will get compensation. According to Indonesian researchers, dutch troops wiped out almost the entire male population of a village in West Java, two years after the former colony declared independence in 1945. Most Indonesians do not know about the massacre that took place in Rawagede in 1947. Only recently has a monument been built to remind residents that Dutch soldiers killed all the men of the village. The only living witnesses are now in their 80s, and illiterate, after having to fend for themselves following the deaths of their husbands. “There were dead bodies everywhere, many of which we found in the river after the shooting stopped,” said Cawi, a survivor. The massacre in Rawagede is not the only village where the Netherlands has an unresolved dark history. Al Jazeera’s Step Vassen reports from Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monument Rawa Gede

Place :Karawang Regencies

 

Rawa Gede Monument, one of the places in Karachi that has historical value, is the place where Anwar was inspired to write the famous poem Between Karawang Bekasi. In the occurrence of these tragic events have now been built

Rawagede Monument.


You will follow the story of the tragic events that occurred Rawagede on December 9, 1947

which began about four o’clock in the morning. At that time, Dutch military conduct raids into people’s homes. Any person who is found, especially males, were collected in the field. They asked about the whereabouts of fighters who hide as the father of Captain Luke Kustaryo Danki Regiment VI Jakarta. All citizens no one answered, so there was a massacre by Dutch military.
The event is manifested in the form of two-storey building monuments built starting in November 1995 and inaugurated on July 12, 1996. Observe the room downstairs where there is a diorama of the massacre the citizens by the Dutch army, which will probably make you a little chilling stand. The outer walls are decorated the bottom of the reliefs depicting the struggle of the people of Falkirk. Specifically on the rear panel reliefs depicted the struggle of the people in the Falkirk area Rawagede while risking life for the sake of independence. The tomb of a hero in the back named Raga Sampurna. In addition to the eastern entrance there are two victims of a hero’s grave events in Rawagede Dutch military action. The toll was made up of events December 9, 1947 – October 1948 as many as 491 people. Among the victims were buried in the garden tomb of heroes as much as 181 people Raga Sampurna.

 

 

 


————————————————————–

Petition to urge the Netherlands Government,
to recognize de jure Indonesian Independence Day was on August 17th 1945, and
to apologize for the colonialization, slavery, violation of human rights and horrific crimes against humanity

 

January 1947

Letnan Kolonel Abdul Qahhar sebagai komandan TRIPS merangkap sebagai komandan KGS (Kesatuan Grup Seberang),awal 1947

 

Source

trimudilah.blogspot.

 

mengirimkan ekspedisi tenaga pejuang dari Jawa ke Sulawesi dan juga ke daerah-daerah Indonesia Timur lainnya. Sehingga di Sulawesi pada tahun 1947 sudah terorganisir empat batalyon pejuang yang dipimpin oleh Kaso Abdul Gani, Andi Selle, Andi Sose dan Arief Rate

 

 

 

 

Ditangkap ekstremis Indonesia, mengangkat tangan mereka, oleh tentara Belanda (KNIL / KNIL pasukan) dikawal, Indonesia pada bulan Januari 1947. ( helm nya cuy hehehe .. wermach punya)

helm Wehrmacht dapat dari mana ya,setahu saya Belanda pakek M1 Helmet,maaf klo OOT

January_february

electric billing from Djawatan Listrik dan Gas Palembang with dai nippon rev f-.15 without overprint

 

January,1st.1947

Series 2, ‘1 January 1947’

The second series of money now emanated from ‘Djokjakarta’, the Republic’s base following the ‘Police Action’ of July 21, 1947, which had confined the Republicans to Yogyakarta and Central Java. The notes were dated January 1, 1947, in denominations of 5, 10, 25, and 100 rupiah.

 

(1)the very rare handwritten overprint 311 Repin-donesia on Dai nippon sumatra definitif stamp 2sen ,pair two cent, Postally used money order fragment cds  tembilahan showa date 21.1.3(Jan,3rd,1947)

(2) The very rare official cover send by courier from walinegeri NRI(repoeblic Indonesia state) at  Kajai village ( near Taloe,Pasaman west sumatra) to  Military Tjamat  at Talamau village.

 

January,2nd.1947

 

The promotion label of Keng Po newspaper(now became Kompas newspaper) under the  redactie leader Injo Beng Goat ,starting issued 2 january 1947, this promotianal in Star weekly magazine 29 december 1946.

 

January ,6th.1947

The rare of complete   Pospakket evidence form(ontvangbewijs) with pen line overprint by repoeblic pos officie Koeningan (west Java) on DEI dancer stamp

 

1ST BATTALION STOOTTROEPERS

INDONESIA

These photographs belong to
Mr. HEIN VERBRUGGE
Platoon Commander
of the 1st Battalion Stoottroepers

 

I was sent the actual photographs by Mr. Verbrugge to scan and to keep so I could have them to put on my site. I am so honoured that he has entrusted these to me because I know that each photograph, no matter how many a man has, has a special meaning and a memory with it so for Mr. Verbrugge to part with these means a great deal to me.


Semarang January 6th, 1947. A complete combat patrol left with patrol commander Ensign Maessen.

 

 

Semarang 1946 drill at camp Djatingalee. (Drill was nicknamed Square Bashing)

 

 



font row left to right Leo Jarrsma, Arie Djkstra and Janus Kerssens.

(according to my Daddy, he told my mom he always got stuck bringing up the rear because he was so short so that guy strutting along at the back of the line by himself might be my Dad, but

 

I’m not sure.)

 

 

 

January,7th.1947

Sumitro terpaksa meninggalkan Dora, yang baru enam bulan dinikahinya, tepatnya 7 Januari 1947. Ia berjumpa pertama dengan Dora Sigar di Rotterdam tahun 1945. Ketika itu Dora belajar di Ilmu Perawatan Pascabedah di Utrecht.

(sumitro)

 

8 Januari 1947

 

Tanggal 8 Januari 1947,

 

 

pabrik semen di Indarung

yang didirikan Belanda tahun 1910 dengan nama

 

 

NV NIPCM (NV Nederlandsch Indische Portland Cement Maatschappij )

ditembaki dari udara oleh beberapa pesawat Mustang Belanda.

 

“Masyarakat Indarung dan Padang sekitarnya waktu itu mencari perlindungan dengan membuat lubang atau lari ke perbukitan sekitar Solok dan Pesisir Selatan.

 

Mereka terdiri dari orang tua, wanita dan anak-anak, ada yang lari ke pegunungan dan hutan-hutan,” ujar pria yang lahir sekitar tahun 1940-an itu.

Veteran yang masih fokus memperjuangkan idealisme kebangsaan ini seperti menerawang sejenak. (Derius)

 

 

 

 

January,9th.1947

 

 

Unusual Censored postcard (Bu RJ 14), probably with a surcharge of 10 cents for the struggle for independence (see stamp) 9.1.47 Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta left very light name stamp-Gondalajoe

January,10th.197

The repoeblik Indonesia National Police Pajakoemboeh(west sumatra) Travelling Pass (rare document)

 

 

January 11 1947.

Waspada newspaper publishes first issue in Medan.

Jan,13th.47

The Dutch Federaal Government ,NIT Negara Indonesia Timue(East Indonesia State) “Melantik”inagurated  their Cabinet.

Jan.17th.1947

The recieved of Garut Hospital Billing for medical operation Rp.50.- with java repoeblik Indonesia

 

revenue limcabelas sen(-,15) unperforated.

 

 

18 Januari 1947

 

 

Pada  tanggal 18 Januari 1947 atau 10 hari setelah pemboman Indarung, Belanda datang kembali dengan pesawat Mustang dan melancarkan serangan udaranya di

 

 

Pasar Bandar Buat.

Saat itu hari Minggu, merupakan hari pasar di daerah itu. Meskipun ada versi yang mengatakan serangan itu terjadi sekitar pukul 15.00 WIB, tapi ada pula catatan Angku Darwis yang dibuat tahun 1994 mengatakan itu terjadi pada pukul 10:00 WIB.

“Yang ini mungkin lebih mendekati, karena melihat faktanya yang meninggal mencapai ratusan jiwa.

 

 Pada jam itu, keadaan di pasar memang pas puncaknya keramaian orang yang datang dari berbagai penjuru sekitar Padang, Solok, Pariaman dan Pesisir Selatan,” ujarnya.

“Yang bersangkutan (Angku Darwis) saat diwawancarai untuk membuat sebuah buku tahun 1994 itu sedang sakit dan dalam perawatan dokter. Namun, berkenaan dengan perisitiwa itu ia masih sanggup mengingat dan menceritakan tentang perisitiwa Bandar Buat,” sela Zulwadi.

Ada pula Angku Munir yang menjadi saksi mata, lanjutnya Hingga sorenya, Angku Munir dan beberapa orang temannya bekerja keras mengumpulkan ratusan korban yang luka parah serta mayat – mayat yang tak tahu pasti jumlahnya.

“Mungkin ratusan,” Zulwadi memperkirakan.

Para korban dibawa dengan pedati, alat transportasi populer masa itu. Mereka di bawa ke Lapangan Kabun, sekitar setengah kilometer dari Pasar Bandar Buat.

 

Di tempat itu, yang luka parah segera ditangani oleh Palang Merah.

Pemandangan memiriskan waktu itu sudah dapat dibayangkan. Sebagian besar korban adalah wanita dan anak-anak. Konon, saksi mata Angku Munir melihat banyak wanita meregang nyawa sambil mendekap anaknya yang masih bayi.

Ada pula beberapa pedati yang ditarik sapi atau kerbau berjalan sendiri karena tukang pedatinya telah tewas.

“Takut akan serangan berikutnya. Setelah mengumpulkan para jenazah ke satu tempat bersama teman-temannya, Angku Munir lari ke hutan sekitar Indarung. Benar saja, pesawat Belanda kembali meraung-raung mencari sasaran bergerak di bawahnya.

 

Rentetan tembakan terdengar lagi mulai dari Indarung, Bandar Buat danLubuk Begalung,”

 

tutur Datuk Bagindo Kalih dalam nada agak emosional.

Setelah beberapa hari keadaan dirasakan cukup kondusif, Angku Munir Cs tadi baru keluar dari persembunyian dan menemukan jenazah-jenazah yang tadi ditinggal sudah agak mengurai sehingga segera mereka kuburkan dalam satu lubang. Puluhan jenazah dikuburkan dalam satu lubang.

“Rupanya setelah selesai menguburkan puluhan mayat masih terdapat sekitar 40 mayat lagi yang belum dikubur menurut yang diceritakan Angku Munir dan Angku Kamar dalam catatan yang dibukukan oleh Mestika Z dan kawan – kawan,” ucap Zulwadi.

Ya, itu baru satu peristiwa di Pasar Bundar Buat, belum lagi di Kamang, di Situjuh, dan Cupak serta beberapa tempat lainnya. Perlawanan rakyat dipatahkan Belanda dengan cara keji dan membabibuta. Anak – anak dan wanita menjadi korban.

“Ini adalah kejahatan perang yang dilakukan Belanda terhadap Bangsa Indonesia,” ujarnya.

 

. (derius)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan.20th.1947

the express postal stationer annyversary  one years Indonesia Independence  day card added java definiti revolutioner stamp 40 seb ,sencered chope telah ditilik send from tjirebon 20.1.47 to Djakarta

 

Jan.21th.1947

(1)The Java electric billing  with revenue

 

(2)The only two off cover ,

(a)Typewritten overprint rep:indonesia on  dai nippon definitive sumatra stamp 20 cent.straigth two , cds  Bagansiapi-api showa date  21.1,3 or January,3rd.1947 (Riau) -the owner Ricardo,now in Deng Haag Phillatelic museum.

 

(b) the same stamps,single stamp on money order fragment,date  not clear ,bagansiapi-api. courtecy Dr iwan suwandy.

January,23th.1947

 

Netherlands Soldier’s Free Mail 23/1/1947 Veldpost-Semarang to Blaricum, Netherlands. Ragged opening tear at top. EUROPEAN SIZE (Inv NN470128

Jan.24th.1947

Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River,

so it can break into any directions.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment.

He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

 

 

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando dilakukan pada

tanggal 24 Januari 1947

di Tanjung Morawa.

 

 Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area.

January 1947

The deve,lopment  of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment.

He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place

on January 24, 1947

in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.


Within 3 weeks of Field Command Area (KMA) held a consolidated, organized plan new attacks against the city of Medan.

Its power is about 5 battalions to the division of the appropriate target.

D Day “H” is determined

 February 15, 1947

and at “j” is 06.00.

Unfortunately due to communication error of this attack was not done simultaneously, but nevertheless managed to make a general attack Dutch scrambling all night.

Lacking heavy weapons, the way the battle is not changed. dawn our troops to retreat to Mariendal. General attack February 15, 1947 This is the last major attack launched by pejoang-pejoang in Medan Area.

Until the eve of the Dutch Military Aggression to I,

where RI in Medan Area troops amounted to a riel at 7 battalion and remained in its original position which divides the Front Area of ​​sectors Medan,

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with kita.

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors. Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.


Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years. In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

Other version

Perang Medan Area yang terjadi di Kota Medan

 15 Februari 1947,

 dinilai lebih menggambarkan sikap kepahlawanan dari beberapa perang lainnya melawan kolonialisme Belanda.

Sekretaris Pusat Sudi Sejarah dan Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial (Pussis) Universitas Negeri Medan, Erond Damanik, mengatakan berdasarkan pengkajian yang dilakukan, maka perang Medan Area tidak kalah penting jika dibanding dengan perang lainnya di Surabaya, 10 November 1945 yang akhirnya memunculkan sebutan “Arek-Arek Suroboyo

Menurut dia, dari segi lamanya perang dan jumlah korban materil serta nyawa, ternyata Perang Medan Area lebih menggambarkan sikap kepahlawan. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari sejumlah tokoh yang memainkan peran penting dalam perang tersebut.

 

Tokoh-tokoh yang terlibat sudah lintas batas etnis dan agama, yang ternyata dapat bersatu di kota Medan dalam mengusir kolonialisme. Dengan arti kata, Arek-arek Suroboyo, Bandung Lautan Api, Serangan Umum di Yogyakarta dan Medan Area adalah setara.

 

“Tetapi perang Medan Area lebih khas, karena semua etnis dapat bersatu di kawasan itu untuk menentang kolonialisme. Dengan begitu, jargon kesatuan kiranya lebih pas untuk menggambarkan keadaan tersebut,” kata Erond, malam ini.

 

Peristiwa Medan Area bermula dari kedatangan tentara Inggris (Sekutu) yang membonceng NICA dengan tujuan meninjau tawanan perang Jepang, namun kemudian beralih untuk membebaskan tawanan.

 

Selanjutnya tentara sekutu juga membangun kekuatan untuk mengembalikan kekuasaannya yang pernah dirampas oleh Jepang. Pihak Inggris yang seharusnya menjadi penertib malah lebih berpihak kepada Belanda.

 

Menghadapi situasi semacam itu, rakyat Medan malakukan taktik perimbangan, yang akhirnya terjadilah perlawanan Laskar Rakyat dan Tri melawan sekutu.

 

Pada tanggal 15 Februari 1947,

keluarlah perintah dari markas pertempuran Komando Medan Area (KMA) untuk mengadakan penyerangan serentak terhadap pertahanan  musuh di dalam kota

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dan seluruh laskar telah siap sedia menjalankan perintah itu dan penyerangan umum adalah merupakan jawaban tegas terhadap pelanggaran-pelanggaran yang terus menerus dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda.

 

Untuk masing-masing sektor telah ditentukan Komandannya yakni pertempuran di fron Medan Barat dipimpin oleh Mayor Hasan Achmad dari Resimen Istimewa Medan Area atau RIMA.

 

Pertempuran di front Medan Area Selatan dipimpin oleh Mayor Martinus Lubis dan pertempuran di front Koridor Medan Belawan berasal dari pasukan Yahya Hasan dan Letnan Muda Amir Yahya dari Kompi II Batalyion III RIMA.

 

Referensi

 


Pada tanggal 15 Februari 1947,

keluarlah perintah dari markas pertempuran Komando Medan Area (KMA) untuk mengadakan penyerangan serentak terhadap pertahanan musuh di dalam kota.

Diseluruh Medan Area dan seluruh laskar telah siap sedia menjalankan perintah itu dan penyerangan umum adalah merupakan jawaban tegas terhadap pelanggaran-pelanggaran yang terus menerus dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda.

Untuk masing-masing sektor telah ditentukan Komandannya yakni pertempuran di fron Medan Barat dipimpin oleh Mayor Hasan Achmad dari Resimen Istimewa Medan Area atau RIMA.

Pertempuran di front Medan Area Selatan dipimpin oleh Mayor Martinus Lubis dan pertempuran di front Koridor Medan Belawan berasal dari pasukan Yahya Hasan dan Letnan Muda Amir Yahya dari Kompi II Batalyion III RIMA.

Hal ini jelas menimbulkan reaksi para pemuda dan TKR untuk melawan kekuatan asing yang mencoba berkuasa kembali. Pada tanggal 10 Agustus 1946 di Tebingtinggi diadakan pertemuan antara komandan-komandan pasukan yang berjuang di Medan Area. Pertemuan tersebut memutuskan dibentuknya satu komando yang bernama Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area.

 

Jan,25th.1947

The rare Sunrise book shop Batavia promotional on the back. send from Kelenteng Pekapuran 3 Batavia  to Surabaia.

at Back of cover  :

 

a) Happy New Year

(b) The spirit of the new year. Begeloralan seantaro (all) world where life is based abru atat: SAN MIN CHU I> Malay Language output () was published) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia” 929, printed dias fine paper, compleet (complete) premises tables, 300 Pagina (page) large, disposable karrtun and National Chinese flag (Chinese Nationalist) and Partij price of 50 guilders.

Sun Yat Sen’s memoirs. AS PATRIOT Dr. Sun Yat Sen meritorious BEEN DOING GREAT WORK LIKE A BANGASA Chinese (CHINESE OVERSEAS) is that it was ERECTING Republic of China. Memoirs premises FULL IMAGE, PRICE 3 guilders. HOSTS NEED TO READ

(a) Selamat tahun Baru

(b) Semangat tahun baru. Begeloralan seantaro(segala) dunia bila dasarkan hidup abru atat :SAN MIN CHU I > Bahasa melayu keluaran ()diterbitkan) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia”929, dicetak dias kertas halus , compleet(lengkap) denga tabel ,300 pagina(halaman) besar ,pakai karrtun dan bendera Tiongkok Nasional(Chinese Nationalist) dan partij harga 50 gulden.

RIWAYATNYA SUN YAT SEN .SEBAGAI PATRIOT dr SUN YAT SEN BERJASA TELAH  LAKUKAN PEKERJAAN BESAR BAGAI BANGASA tIONGHOA (CHINESE OVERSEAS)  IALAH TELAH MENDIRIKAN rEPUBLIK tIONGKOK. RIWAYATNYA LENGKAP DENGA GAMBAR ,HARGA 3 GULDEN.tUAN PERLU BACA

 

 

 

Jan.27th.1947

(a)the letter of Patih Sragen with officail Boepati sragen handsatmped.

 

(b) The rare Pen line  overprint on DEI Karbouw 1 cent stamps ,postally used on the “Tanda terima Pengiriman Pospakket”(Pospakket evidence  form)

 

And the same stamps in unused mint stamps put on the back of Repoeblic Indonesia paper money chnaged form

 

 

.at this time due to many fake papermoney ,Repoeblic Indonesia government asking the people to cgange their money at post office, the original will given back  and the fake one  will stamped false(palsoe) and the owner will gave the recieved.

Jan.31th.1947

 

 

 

the author of book “Soesana Politika Semendjak Indonesia Merdeka (Political Situation Since Indonesia Independence), Mr Moetijar, gave his book to west soematra delegation with his hand written in Indonesia;” Tandamata Perdjoangan kepada toean2 oetoesan dari Soematera Barat dari Pengarang” with his handsign Djakarta 31/1-1947, the owner of the book handsigned Dr.A.R.Oesman

( the father of my friend Dr Razes Osman ) Dr Rahim Oesma had done medical autopstion the Padang city Major  Bagindo Aschischan)

February 1947

February,1st ,1947

The electric and gas Indramajoe recieved with  Rep.Indonesia small  Fifteen sen. -.15 limabelas sen.

February,2nd.1947

 

Ki Hajar dewantoro in February,2nd.1947

February,3th,47

indonesia journalist organisation iwi protest the PID instructions, they choosed to quit berhenti,

February,4th,1947

e. Rows SPECIAL POLICE TO FIELD AREA

(NETHERLANDS TO AGGRESSION – I)

1). On 4 February 1947 set out rows of Special Police Tapanuli residency led by MAS KADIRAN with 150 members to the FRONT FIELD AREA. Up in P. Mas Siantar Kadiran Sumatra facing the police chief based in KBP Siantar P. R. Solomon and met with Governor of Sumatra TM HASAN in the Front Rows of the Special Police Area Medan placed in Perbaungan and High Cliff, and at the forefront of Tanjung Morawa.

2). February 15, 1947 from Battle Field Area Headquarters held throughout the Defense enemy attacks in the city of Medan, in this general attack the Dutch began to exert all the power of Weapons

3) Weight, Tanks and Aircraft, and managed to break a general attack FIELD AREA of the fighters a lot and finally fell victim FIELD AREA FRONT forces retreated to the rear lines, as well as the ranks of the Residency Tapanuli SPECIAL POLICE survive in Marendal, Tg Morawa and Pakam and eventually returned to Perbaungan.

f. Rows SPECIAL POLICE BACK

TO THE PARENT UNIT in Sibolga

1). Government of Indonesia failed negotiation with the Dutch Government in Linggar teak, then the task sequence SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli to be a Security Police in the line of the status quo in Medan Area, but this task can not be implemented yet for security Tapanuli Command Council and the Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli to pull back to Tapanuli. Based on MAS KADIRAN order will then ordered his men are still at the forefront in the pull back and return to the Chief Constable of East Sumatra in P. Siantar to return to Sibolga.

2) Next in Sibolga MAS KADIRAN reports to the Regional Defense Council Tapanuli and Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli about the tasks during the Medan area, then MAS KADIRAN Konsulidasi ordered troops in this plan make MAS KADIRAN Armored Cars and few long-distance shooter Weapons (cannon).

g. LAYER STEEL MAKING CARS AND cannon

1) To accelerate the plan of Armored Cars MAS KADIRAN ask Some inmates in correctional institution who is an expert in the technique out and join the ranks of the Residency SPECIAL POLICE Tapanuli, in danger of capture of the former Japanese Army armored cars and the Dutch Army and aid in Car Repair Sibolga with hard work finally is completed Armored Cars and Armored Car generate 1 2 2.5 Ton 1.5 Ton Armored Cars and Armored Car 1 1 Ton.

2) Plan to add Next MAS KADIRAN Distance Sniper Weapons (cannon) for this MAS members KADIRAN ordered to sail to the Island Tower Poncane (Mursala) to take the former Japanese army cannon and Dutch troops, arriving on the Island Tower Poncane MAS KADIRAN ordered to examine guns after the select then traces the cannon brought to Sibolga for service.

h shootings DUTCH WAR SHIP

Torpedo IN BAY Sibolga

1) On Friday 28 April 1947 Dutch Warship Type torpedo JTI Anchoring 1.5 Miles from Labuhan Angin at Heading Sibolga information from ALRI in G. Ketapang. The situation became tense in the town of Sibolga Tapanuli Defense Council in Battleship berangkatkan headed to file a protest at the presence of Dutch Warships from the results of negotiations in the Dutch Ship Captain Ship delegation accept it and go back to the Army and Warships headed for Sabang.

February 5th.1947.

(a)Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam student organizatino is founded at Yogya.Sukarno and Hatta threatened  to resign if the Linggajati agreement is not ratified

(b)Between December 1946 and February 1947, the Dutch forces (KNIL) executed nearly 3000 people without trial.

(c) Postally used express postal stationer 1 year Indonesia independence card ,added 40 cent revolution java defintif tamp from Tjerebon cds 5.2.47 to  Djakarta (same cover with january.20th.1947

(d) The Repoeblic Indonesia’s Java Kedoe Residency  order (Koetipan Kepoetoesan Residen Kedoe) 5.2.1047 about the list of kedoe official employee , and hope the employee will : “mencurahkan segala fikiran,tenaga dan jiwa masing-masing  untuk keselamatan Negara Republic Indonesia. sign by resident secretary with  ORI overprint republic revenue -.50 (fifty cent.)

 

 

February,1st.1947

the Postally used cover from Padang to Bukittinggi with repoeblic Indonesia sumatra definitive stamps .

 

On February 2nd 1947

the first Inter-Indonesian Conference was convened on Batavia so that representatives of all Indonesian states could meet to present a common front at the final forthcoming round-table conference.

Here the situation was clear. The remaining pro-federalist representatives were a clear minority and were totally relying on the waning support of Dutch exiles, and thus even they were willing to make some accommodation with Sukarno and Hatta.

The fact that the Republicans also controlled a substantial military force at Java also made the future status of the replacement force of KNIL and the true balance of power within the federation rather clear.

.

February,9th.1947

 

NRI Pospakket Address Card  CDs Malang 9.2.47 on NRI Java definitive stamp Rp 100.- send to Ngawi

 

D Day “H” is determined

 February 15, 1947

and at “j” is 06.00.

Unfortunately due to communication error of this attack was not done simultaneously, but nevertheless managed to make a general attack Dutch scrambling all night.

Lacking heavy weapons, the way the battle is not changed. dawn our troops to retreat to Mariendal. General attack February 15, 1947

This is the last major attack launched by pejoang-pejoang in Medan Area.

Until the eve of the Dutch Military Aggression to I,

where RI in Medan Area troops amounted to a riel at 7 battalion and remained in its original position which divides the Front Area of ​​sectors Medan,

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with us

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors. Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.


Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years. In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

 

 

19 February 1947

 

Nederlands: negatief. Straatgezicht met een als “de Nederlandse Leeuw” verklede persoon uit Tjiherang, tijdens de feestelijkheden ter gelegenheid van de geboorte van prinses Marijke (Christina)

 

 

February,17th.1947

 

Used CTO registered NRI overprint east Sumatra on DN occupation stamp postal stationer from medan cerated by Mr Sajoer st Maharadja Pengoempoel Perangko djalan anatraa no 110 a medan(he created many CTO philatelic createan postal history during dai Nippon occupation and Indonesian revolutionary period)

I have seen four original CTO CDS Medan with registered Receiving created bySayoer St maharaja pengumpul perangko medan ,now courtecy mr Rasjid siagian with thin CDS

.(Dr Iwan note)

But in this date there were Dutch power in Medan and NRI Medan Area planning to attack but not done smulatneus, I think may be they chop later? All the decision depend to the collectors, because Mr Rasjid siagian told me that Mr sajoer tell him that he go to NRI post office by bicycles????

 

February,21th .1947

 

This ex M Soewil and Dr Iwan collection, postally used NRi overprint elips with 100 rp handwritten,CDS Loeboek aloeng 21.2,47

 

Februray,12th.1947

the postally used postcard from Pematangsiantar to Padang.with repoeblic indonesia soematra definitive stamps (rare used card)

 

February,15th.1947

Dalam waktu 3 minggu Komando Medan Area (KMA) mengadakan konsolidasi, disusun rencana serangan baru terhadap kota Medan. Kekuatannya sekitar 5 batalyon dengan pembagian sasaran yang tepat. Hari “H” ditentukan

15 Februari 1947

dan jam “j” adalah pukul 06.00. Sayang karena kesalahan komunikasi serangan ini tidak dilakukan secara serentak, tapi walaupun demikian serangan umum ini berhasil membuat Belanda kalang kabut sepanjang malam.

 

Karena tidak memiliki senjata berat, jalannya pertempuran tidak berobah. menjelang subuh pasukan kita mundur ke Mariendal. Serangan umum 15 Februari 1947 ini adalah serangan besar terakhir yang dilancarkan oleh pejoang-pejoang di Medan Area.

 

Sampai menjelang Agresi Militer ke I Belanda, yang mana pasukan RI di Medan Area berjumlah yang riel sebesar 7 batalyon dan tetap pada kedudukan semula yang membagi Front Medan Area atas beberapa sektor, ialah Medan timur, Medan selatan, Medan barat dan Medan utara. Dan begitu pula membagi Medan atas 4 sektor yang sama, dan dengan demikian mereka langsung berhadapan dengan pasukan kita.Pada saat terjadi Agresi Militer Belanda ke I, Belanda melancarkan serangannya terhadap pasukan RI ke semua sektor.

 

Perlawanan terhadap Belanda hampir 1 minggu, dan setelah itu pasukan-pasukan RI mengundurkan diri dari Medan Area.
Kesimpulan:Pertempuran di Medan Area merupakan perlawanan yang paling sengit dan panjang di Sumatera Timur, yang berlangsung hampir 2 tahun.

 

Dalam peristiwa ini ialah motivasi rakyat dan Pemuda Pejuang yang tidak mau dijajah dengan disertai sikap ulet dan pantang menyerah.

 

 Tapi walaupun demikian bagaimana pun kuatnya motivasi, tanpa dilandasi kerjasama dan koordinasi yang baik, maka setiap kegiatan dapat mengalami kegagalan. Sejarah telah membuktikan betapa pahitnya keadaan ini.

(Penulis adalah pejoang ’45 dan mantan tawanan)

Feb,19th.1947

the white big repoeblic Indonedia independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent with legalized Madieon CDS without date,send from  Tjaroeban to Modjokerto, added definive repoblik indonesia java stamps 4o cent , with express stamped and sencore choped “TELAH DITILIK” .

Feb.21th.1947

(a)The very rare ,only one ever seen postally used stationer card  Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cent , with overprint sumatra type 13 A and the rarte change with hand written 100 sen , send from CDS Loeboek aloeng  rep.Indonesia 21.2.47 to Padang.

 

(b) The CTO Padang repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon 31/2 cent karbouw postal stationer  with double overprin Repoeblic Indonesia 15 sen small and F 0,75 (new nominal) postal stationer

.

(c) the same CTO postmark above on  Cover with Sumatra definitive stamps. 2x 5 sen,2×15 sen,40 sen brown and 40 sen red.

 

(f)The Rare Batavia Postmark on postally used cover(unique home made cover with black and red line)

 

(g)the rare postally used cover with Dai Nippon Lampong stamps used during Reepoeblik without Republic overprint from Telokbetong to Palembang.

February,22th.1947

The Indonesian Independent anniversary Postal Stationer  card  legalized with postal CDS without date, sent express with add Java definivie republic Indonesia Stamp 40 sen ,from Madioen to modjokerto

 

 

 

25th of February 1947

 The final round-table conference was convened on 25th of February 1947 on Makassar.

President Truman had set out a series of “cardinal elements of US policy” for UNCGO representatives to assure in upcoming negotiations. T

hese centred on civil rights, the protection of private property and foreign access to the Indonesian economy.

 Beyond these the US representatives in the meeting were to facilitate the negotiations and suggest solutions, but not engage with the detail of the settlement.

After a weekend of negotiations the future status of the new state was agreed upon, and once matters of debts assumed by the new state from former NEI and Dutch governments and the status of West Irian were left out to ensure that overall settlement could be achieved within the designated timescale for the conference.

Feb.28th.1947

 

General soedirman in February 28th 1947

The Repoeblic Indonesia Income tax(Pajak Penghasilan negeri) of Padang Panjang west sumatra.3.March 1947,still used the Dai Nippon sumatra form (T)

 

 

 

Sultan Gamid of Pontianak Sultanate  at Pontianank west borneo in February,28th.1947

 

MARCH 1947

the picture of Djakarta repoeblik Indonesia post office Pasar baroe(now Filately museum and  PFI

 

club office) chief Mr.Abdulrachma

March,1st,1947

the original letter from Tentara Reublik Indonesia with the official stamped TRI-Republic Indonesia Army  the chief Military police at Pajakoemboeh and with the extreme rare TRI official cover send by courier  (very rare document)

 

 

March,2rd,1947

(a)the very rare Postally used Dai Nippon karbouw postal sationer added  6 x Sumatra revolution definitif stamp 15 sewn and 2x 5 sen, postally used cover from Painan cds Painan 2.3.47 to Padang.( very difficult to find this common mint stamp used on cover,not many used-Dr Iwan note)

(b)March,2nd.1947

Tanjungjabung Kuala Tungkal Jambi  republic Independence fighting

 

JAMBI AND FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

A. Entering the waters of the Dutch Navy Kuala Tungkal

In Teak Linggar Agreement signed by the government of Indonesia and the Dutch government on March 2, 1947, the Dutch government expressed its recognition of the sovereignty of the government of Indonesia on the island of Java, Madura and Sumatra.

 

 

However, according to reports received, the Dutch navy frequent patrolling in the territorial waters of Kuala Tungkal (Regency Tanjung Jabung) and catch the ships passing in these waters. This means a violation of the Agreement Linggar teak. Therefore, it is in early April 1947 the Young Lieutenant Sub Ardjai of the Military Police Detachment Muara Sabak with Sergeant Major and Inspector of Police Marpi Laisa came Angkata Sea ships operating in the vicinity of Kuala Tungkal, Amsih village  marine waters is an area of ​​RI. Dutch navy on the ship were warned that they had entered the waters of Indonesia and asked to immediately leave the waters. Dutch Navy leaders stated that they were in international waters and directly hold Ardjai Lieutenant Young and his entourage on charges that threaten the security patrol extrimis Dutch navy. The accusation was denied by Lieutenant Young Ardjai by stating that they are the Army Official RI (TRI), as the evidence suggested that they were wearing military uniforms complete with rank and sign of unity Warrant Street. Rebuttal was ignored by the Dutch Navy and Lieutenant Young Ardjai with his friends remained in detention.

 

 

some moments later, came the residency Jambi Police Chief Police Commissioner Zainal Abidin with some staff of Police Inspector Adjunct Asmara Siagian, Sutarjo Police Commander, Police Agencies and mahyudi Diah Arifin Maelan Syahbandar Kuala Tungkal and Long Jakfar members of paramilitary troops escorted by a troop commander with heavily armed military led by Lieutenant Young M. Idris Saman Detachment Commander Sub PT Muara Sabak. In these forces helped Young Lieutenant and Lieutenant Young Nungcik Alcaff Jana’ib Ilyas.

 

 

 

 

To the head of the Dutch Navy who are in the ship,

 

the Chief of Police KeresidenanJambi protest and memperingatkan Dutch navy having entered the waters of Indonesia and the Dutch navy said the problem was to be discussed later with the head of the Royal Netherlands Army in Palembang. Police Chief Residency Ternnya jambi with his friends brought to Palembang as a prisoner on charges of provoking the Dutch warship.

In Palembang, all the prisoners brought to court and with the help of the Governor of South Sumatera Dr. Young. M. Isa all the captives were eventually in acquittal. At the time of journey from prisoner to the courtroom always get a warm welcome from the people of Palembang in the road moved at a show of hands as sympathetic to their cause.

MARCH,3rd.1947

THE RARE SMALL GREY COLOUR IREPOEBLIC iNDONESIA iNDEPENDENCE ANNIVERSARY POSTAL STATIONER 10 SEND WITH DJKARTA cds WITHOUT DATE LEGALIZED,SEND FROM DJAKARTA CDS 5.3.47 TO INDRAMAJOE WITH SENCORED CHOPPED TELAH DI TILIK IN SQUARED BOX.

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,4th.1947

The registered homemade cover from priaman cds 4.3.47 to kayoetanam cds 8.3.47 with 10 x Dai Nippon Yubin ovpt DEI port 40 cent type 871 violet (rate Rp.4,-) ,with brown black register pariaman label. this DN stamps still used without republic overprint.(the latest used DN stamp at  republican area)

 

 

 

 

March,5th.47

(a)The postally used card send from Kediri, with 2×1 cent ned.Indie karbouw  and repoblic 15 sen definitif java soerabaya anniversary nopember 1945 stamps.

 

 

 

 

 

(b) The Revenue of repoeblik Indonesia -.50 fifty sen used on PTT document”surat pengangkatan pegawai”

 

 

 

 

(c)the Netherland Indie official institute “menyita Muatan” Isbransten ‘s Ship”Martin Behrmann”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,6th.1947

the rare money order recu(tanda pengiriman weselpos ) CDS repoeb lik indonesia Padang 6.3.47)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,7th.1947

the latest used of repoeblic Indonesia Reveneue -,15 (fifteen cent) at  Jakarta.

 

7th of March 1947

The transfer of sovereignty finally took place on 7th of March 1947, with the newly formed Federation of the United States of Indonesia being granted immediate recognition by USA, Britain, Australia and other members of the United Nations

Comment

So Indonesia is basically free and sound! How will this effect the other dutch colonies – Suriname and the Dutch Caribic Islands? Well I think the Dutch will be able to hold on to them – Suriname will eventually get its independence or something of that direction.

More importantly the implication of the weakness of colonial powers will stirr up trouble in countries, whose homeland are under Nazi rule.

Dear Karelian,

I’m now following your thread since more than a year and I want to congratulate you on your good work.

Your detailled history-book-style is awesome.

I hope you will continue your work soon, maybe you could write a chapter about the further development in New Europe, after you have finished the chapter about (south) east asia.

Keep up the good work!

Heilfroh

Source paradox interactive by Karelian,sorry not rarehan (2012)

Thanks for your comments, it´s always a pleasure to have a former lurker come forward and comment.

I´ve been relatively busy with real life and other projects, but I´ve also read a few interesting new books about postwar Southeast Asia in the meantime. So worry not, there is a new update in the works

 

March,10th,1947

 

 

The Padang Postman Mr Soewil have made CTO Padang rep.Indonesia  cds on overprint Rep:Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definitve stamps at the back of Rep.Indonesia 15 sen overprin dai nippon postal staioner karbouw 31/2 cent.(this one of a mr soewil only collections during repoebli Indonesia Postal history 1945-1948,courtecy dr Iwan,found at his house after many year  apssed away by his wife and son,then bought by Dr Iwan in 1980 for te first payment their new house because the old house must bring back to the owner,all the collection keep on the roof)

March,12th.1947

The earliest date used of Repoeblik Indonesia sumatra Revenue f1,-

 

March,13th.1947

The extreme rare only one ever exist, the padang postman Soewil private note the date of found reoblik Indonesia sumatra stamps with circulaire date stamped  CDS Padang rep>indonesia 13.3.47 on complete document, the indepnednce fund tsamps  40 sen brown,15 sen dark blue and 5 sen light blue, with independence fund -blank type 40 sen brown,15 sen dark blu and 5 sen light blue,this  collection sold to dr Iwan in 1982 and still in his collections.

March,15th.47

Mr Supangkat,the secretari of Jakarta City , became the resident of Bogor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ourang Medan

 

The story of the Ourang Medan begins in 1947,

Source

http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-ghost-ships.php

when two American ships received a distress call while navigating the Strait of Malacca, off the coast of Malaysia.

The caller identified himself as a member of the crew of the Ourang Medan, a Dutch vessel, and supposedly claimed that the ship’s captain and crew were all dead or dying.

The messages became jumbled and bizarre before trailing off and ending with the words: “I die.” The ships quickly raced to the scene to help.

When they arrived, they found that the Ourang Medan was undamaged, but that the entire crew—even the ship’s dog— was dead, their bodies and faces locked in terrified poses and expressions, and many pointing at something that was not there. 

Before the rescuers could investigate further, the ship mysteriously caught on fire, and they had to evacuate. Soon after, the Ourang Medan is said to have exploded and then sank. While the details and the overall veracity of the Ourang Medan story are still widely debated, there have been a number of theories proposed about what might have caused the death of the crew.

The most popular of these is that the ship was illegally transporting nitroglycerin or some kind of illegal nerve agent, which was not properly secured and seeped out into the air. Others, meanwhile, have claimed the ship was a victim of a UFO attack or some other kind of paranormal event

March,17th.1947

 

Netherlands Soldier’s Free Mail 17.3. 1947 Veldpost-Semarang to Blaricum, Netherlands. Some edge wear. EUROPEAN SIZE (Inv NN470317

March ,19th,1947

The certificate of redemption of a damaged motor tooling to Mr. Rahman Tanjung Morawa with good tools and the cost pairs (bill not yet paid) by the fighting battalions of the division’s chief financial officer Elephant Tentra Indonesian republic (kept by Mr. Rahman because of unpaid until after 1950 and was found in field 1985-notes Dr. Iwan)

original document:

 

 

Close up

 

Surat keterangan penukaran perkakas motor  yang rusak kepada bapak rahman tanjung morawa dengan perkakas yang baik serta ongkos pasang(bon belum dibayar) oleh  pejabat keuangan batalion pertempuran divisi Gajah Tentra repoeblik Indonesia(disimpan oleh bapak Rahman karena belum dibayar sampai sesudah tahun 1950 dan dietmukan di medan tahun 1985-catatan Dr Iwan)

 

 

 

March,20th.1947

 

Dutch KBIl at the front of Chinese gate semarang in marxh 20th 1947


Semarang March 20th, 1947 at the Chinese Gate From Left to Right Corp. Jaarsma, Sgt. Klijbergen, Sgt. Maj. Verbrugge(center back), Rohn de Kloe and Cpl. Kerssens.

 

 

 

 

March ,23th,1947

 

 

 

The lingarjati Meeting at Lingarjati west Java

March 25,1947

(a)the rare Repoblik Indonesia java definitive stamps postally used cover send from CDS Semarang 25.5.47 to ALRI Bangkalan  with ALRI  and Tentara(army) sencored.

 

(b)Netherlands government finally ratifies Linggajati agreement at the General Comision office at Rijswijk(now Istana Merdeka)

 

 

THE LINGARDJATI MEETING DELEGATION AT LINGARDJATI March 23th 1947

 

(c) In this day ,time 5.40 PM at Genral comision Djakarta   , the Linggarjati Agreement were sign by the member of Republik Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegeation member. Prime menister said:” stiil our heros  vs the Dutch’s son  with their gun and the murdered wapon , the look each other as the”ancaman”(threads)  that must be off(dilenyapkan)  as the enemy  which must be killed(dibunih), To found the loving seed(benih cinta)  one tother,not teh common work(bukan pekerjaan gampang), but must  with”ketelatenan”, patient(kesabaran) from the elader which guidence(menuntun)  the people to the “arah”direction of  pure love (cinta murni) as the part of human right  adn will be the based of Undang Undang Dasar Repoeblik Indonesia.

Against this background, several compromises were worked out known as the Linggajati Agreements (ratified 25 March 1947).

 In essence, the Dutch recognised Republican control on Java, Madura, and Sumatra, while creating puppet states in the rest of the East Indies with a view to subordinating the Republic within a Netherlands-Indonesia Union.

(c)Surat hitang pinjaman baterry  dan perbaikan kendaraan dari Komando tempur medan area (hutang ini tak pernah dilunaasi,tetap jadi bon,ditemukan Dr iwan di medan tahun 1986)

surat hutang ini ditulis dibelakang formulir surat keterangan Jalan resimen lasjkar Rakjat(PEOPLE LASJKAR ’S REGIMENT )  ”MEDAN AREA” LOOK ILLUSTRATION BELOW

 

 

Other unpaid billing from TNI Gajah and Mean Area Command setch belonging from the same “Bengkel Mobil Pak rahman Tanjong morawa,found at medan by Dr Iwan in 1985″

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOKUMEN ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF lAYSKAR RAKYAT KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA:

Conflicts DIKALANGANPEJUANG ARISING NOT AND NOT EXPECTED TO CONTINUE WITHOUT THERE WILL BE THAT REFLECT THE COMPLETION OF INTEGRITY COMMAND AREA AROUND THE FRONT FIELD.

Leaders fight back streets soon realized haryus compromise for the continuation of the struggle which can not be done alone. An irregular command will not be possible to bring victory.

In this case the Government and the command of Army of the Republic of Indonesia agrees to form a paramilitary unit Komado komado to unite people in Medan area, menginggat had enough strength that the People’s paramilitary troops surrounded the city medan.

Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan paramilitary troops already there are people not yet included one regiment-battalion Battalion Tentra Republic Indonesia (Army Pemerntah). tealh As previously described the cause is competition diklaangan parties including the ranks of struggle is a matter of supplies and perbelanjaaan, ka after the formation of a regular regiment of course bring consequences to perbekalan problem also (Caatan Dr. Iwan, ternyat command field area formed create a letter that was never paid huatng-these facts, see the bill that kept the original owner and later found in Medan, maybe the owner has died and the family does not mngerti historical value the debt bill.)

So for that purpose, all supplies were borne by the board of Defense of East Sumatra, located in High Cliff. Untu memimpoin Kasykar People commando regiment was entrusted to Captain Commando NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan voering hereinafter Medan front dining area is divided into four sectors: Western Sector held by Kaptem ABd.Hamid, East sector held Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani Xelatan Pohan and sector by Ibrahim Yahya (Yahya Aceh) Pasuka special Andalas Pesindo north by Aladdin Sitompul. Another found an empty form of Refinery Army, Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Ginger (in the back letter hutangdevisi Elephant II).

April 1947

Pada 12 April 1947, Presiden Soekarno membentuk Panitia Pemikir Siasat Ekonomi pimpinan Muhammad Hatta. Anggota panitia pemikir berjumlah 98 orang. Sumitro bertugas memikirkan hal-ihwal keuangan dipimpin Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara.

Usianya masih sangat muda (33) ketika Sumitro diangkat jadi Menteri Perdagangan dan Perindustrian, sekitar Mei 1950. Pada 20 Maret 1951 Kabinet Natsir roboh.

(sumitro)
 

June 1947

Saya masih ingat sosok perwira-perwira TNI ketika itu. Djamin Gintings orangnya kurus tinggi semampai, selalu pakai peci tentara.

 

Setelah Kutacane dibombardir dua pesawat pemburu Belanda, esok paginya saya ikut kakek mengungsi ke sebuah desa sekitar 12 km dari kota. Setiap pagi saya dan kakek ke kota dari desa pengungsian itu untuk berjualan di pasar.

 Kami melewati Macan Kumbang, sebuah perkebunan karet yang dibangun semasa Jepang. Ternyata beberapa minggu sebelum penyerangan pesawat Belanda itu, Macan Kumbang, telah menjadi markas pertahanan Let.Kol. Djamin Gintings, Komandan Resimen IV TNI pindahan dari tanah Karo.

Di kota orang bercerita bahwa markas pertahanan RI itu hijrah dari Tanah Karo ke Tanah Alas, sesuai kesepakatan Renville. Tanah Karo dianggap sudah menjadi wilayah Belanda dan Negera Sumatra Timur (NST).

 Karena itu kedudukan Kutacane menjadi penting. Kini Tanah Alas menjadi garis pertahanan RI terdepan menghadapi Belanda.

 

Kota kecil itu bertambah ramai, banyak tentera dan pengungsi dari Tanah Karo dan Dairi. Mereka sibuk mendirikan rumah-rumah darurat dan barak-barak pengungsi.

 

Di pinggir sungai (Lawe) Alas dan Lawe Bulan yang mengapit Kutacane, penuh berjejer Barak pengungsi. Sampai-sampai di halaman rumah Raja Alas (Polonas), didirikan rumah-rumah bambu yang beratap rumbia.

 

Malam hari, jalan satu-satunya yang membelah kota hingar bingar, motor truk tentera hilir mudik, ada yang membawa pengungsi, pasukan tentera dan korban yang luka tembak, sebahagian besar dari pertempuran di sekitar Mardinding (Desa Perbatasan antara Tanah Karo dan Tanah Alas yang menjadi markas pertahanan Belanda).

Kami melihat Djamin Gintings hanya dari kejauhan, waktu apel bendera pagi di markas Macan Kumbang, ketika kami melintasi markas itu. Atau waktu menghadiri perayaan nasional dan rapat umum di Lapangan Bola Kutacane.

Saya masih ingat sosok perwira-perwira TNI ketika itu. Djamin Gintings orangnya kurus tinggi semampai, selalu pakai peci tentara, sedang Kol. Muhammad Din (staf Gubernur Militer Aceh dan Tanah Karo dari Kutaraja).

Beliau selalu berpakaian tentera Jepang lengkap dengan samurainya. Kami sangat mengagumi mereka dan selalu bergaya seperti komandan-komandan TNI waktu itu.

Demikianlah rona kehidupan Kutacane, kota kecil di front perbatasan pertahanan RI dan Belanda (1947), sibuk dengan hilir mudik tentera dan pengungsi. Kami siap-siap melompat ke lobang pertahanan yang disiapkan dibelakang sekolah, ketika serine dan pesawat pemburu Belanda datang memuntahkan peluru. Keadaan kota kecil yang sesak itu mulai berobah ketika penyerahan kedaulatan (1950).

Seminar Brastagi

Waktu surat permohonan anak tertua Djamin Gintings, Riemenda Jamin Gintings SH,MH (lahir di Kutacane) dan adiknya Dra Riahna Jamin Gintings, M.Sc datang–agar saya memberi makalah dalam seminar Djamin Gintings di Berastagi–untuk mengusulkan beliau sebagai Pahlawan Nasional, saya sambut dengan baik. Di benak saya terbuhul sesuatu yang terus menggema dari pengalaman semasa remaja di Kutacane dan keberhasilan Djamin Gintings memepertahankan garis batas pertahanan Indonesia-Belanda di Tanah Alas dengan melakukan perang gerilya di Tanah Karo.

Sesuatu yang kemudian makin jelas di benak saya, sesudah saya melakukan studi dari berbagai buku dan catatan historis auto biografi kedua bukunya: ”Titi Bambu” dan ”Bukit Kadir,” serta dua buku standar lainnya seperti ”Kadet Brastagi” (1981) dan ”Jendral Soedirman” (Pribadi, 2009), saya mulai berpikir bahwa Djamin Gintings bukan sembarang hero atau pahlawan perang kemerdekaan. Tetapi beliau telah menyelamatkan daerah modal republik, satu-satunya di luar pulau Jawa.

Perintah Mundur

Atas perintah Kol. Hidayat Komandan Divisi X, yang berkedudukan di Kutaradja, Djamin Gintings diperintahkan mundur ke Tanah Alas Kutacane. Perintah ini merupakan kesepakatan RI dan Belanda yang dituangkan dalam perjanjian Renville (1947).

Dalam perjanjian itu semua wilayah Tanah Karo dianggap merupakan daerah pendudukan Belanda, sehingga semua pasukan TNI harus disingkirkan dari daerah itu. Djamin Gintings harus mengosongkan seluruh wilayah Tanah Karo, walaupun sebagian besar wilayah itu, secara de facto masih berada dalam kekuasaan republik, yaitu daerah antara Lisang dan Lau Pakam.

Dengan perasaan perih dan pilu Djamin Gintings dan pasukannya melaksanakan keputusn itu. Semua pasukan Resimen IV mundur ke Tanah Alas dan pasukan Belanda dengan leluasa memasuki daerah-daerah yang dikosongkan itu.

Jendral Soedirman selaku Panglima Besar TNI, waktu itu turut merasakan betapa keputusan Renville itu melukai hati para prajuritnya. Sebab itu melalui radio, beliau menyampaikan amanatnya, ”Anak-anakku anggota Angkatan Perang, tiap-tiap perjuangan mempunyai pasang surutnya, tetapi dengan iman kita tetap teguh dan jiwa yang tetap besar, kita masih tetap sanggup untuk mengatasi percobaan ini dan percobaan-percobaan lainnya yang mungkin akan menyusul lagi.”

Amanat Panglima Besar Jendral Soedirman yang ditutup dengan perintah agar TNI tetap bertanggungjawab terhadap jiwa dan harta rakyat–ternyata mampu menghibur kekecewaan para prajurit TNI–termasuk Djamin Gintings dan pasukannya. Dengan penuh semangat keprajuritan pasukan Resimen IV meninggalkan kantong-kantong gerilya dan markas pertahanannya untuk berhijrah ke Kutacane (Tanah Alas).

Dalam sejarah perang kemerdekaan, hijrah pasukan-pasukan TNI tidak hanya di Tanah Karo tetapi juga di Jawa Barat. Pasukan Siliwangi umpamanya harus hijrah meninggalkan Jawa Barat ke Jawa Timur (yang dikenal dengan istilah the long march dalam film Darah dan Doa, 1952). Luas wilayah republik sesudah perjanjian Renville yang dianggap sebagai ”daerah modal” semakin mengecil dan secara ekonomi dan politis semakin terpojok (Hardiyono 2000).

Di Jawa hanya meliputi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Kediri, Kedu, Madiun, sebagian Keresidenan Semarang, Pekalongan, Tegal, dan bahagian Selatan Banyumas (Pribadi 2009). Sedang di luar Pulau Jawa hanya tinggal Provinsi Aceh. Mungkin waktu itu tidak semua perajurit TNI yang yang hijrah ke Kutacane, menyadari betapa pentingnya Daerah Modal Aceh untuk dipertahankan, terutama apabila dilihat dari strategi geopolitik nasional dan internasional.

Oleh : USMAN PELLY

27 Juli 1947

Mobilisasi Sabil.
Syech Abbas Abdullah : Pimpinan Darul Funun El Abbasiyah, “Puncak Bakuang” Padang Japang selaku Ulama yang terkemuka di Sumatera Barat telah mengeluarkan Fatwa dalam suatu konperensi ulama Sumatera di Bukittinggi, bahwa; perang melawan Penjajah adalah Jihad Fi Sabilillah dan bila mati akan mati dalam keadaan Syahid. Menurut keterangan Ismail Hasan dalam suatu wawancara dengan penulis salah satu keputusan konsperensi menetapkan; Syech Abbas Abdullah sebagai Imam Jihad. ( 2008/video/ dirumah orang tua Anwar ZA )
“Gerakan Mobilisasi Sabil ini sebelum Perang Kemerdekaan kedua telah dicetuskan oleh para alim ulama dalam suatu Konpoerensi alim ulama dan mubaligh Islam di Sumatera Barat yang berlangsung di Bukittinggi pada tanggal 27 Juli 1947 pada saat bangsa Indonesia sedang menghadapi agresi militer Belanda yang pertama. Dalam pertemuan itu telah diputuskan untuk mengerahkan perang sabil terhadap tentara Balanda dengan mengobarkan semangat jihad serta memperhebat rasa pengorbanan arakyat untuk kepentingan perjuangan”. .

Resimen Sabilillah Kab. Lima Puluh Kota termasuk Bangkinang: Komandan : Mayor Sjamsawi, membawahi lima Bataliyon . .M.Hikmat Israr; HC Israr Kesederhanaan & Kepejuangan Aanak Payakumbuh;Budaya Media;2004; halaman 43
1. Kapten Nazarudin Saleh ( Payakumbuh – Akabiluru )
2. Kaapten Saharudin (Luhak dan Harau )
3. Kapten Adnan Z ( Kecamatan Guguak )
4. Kapten Bermawi Taher ( Suliki )
5. Kapten Umar ( Bangkinang dan sekitarnya )
Kapten Adnan Z , menempatkan Markas Bataliyon III di Pokan Noyan ( Pasar Senin ) Padang Japang simpang empat jalan , sekarang dijadikan Mushalla.Menetapkan Kepala Stafnya. Dani Zaidan.yang mengendalikan perjuangan kemerdekaan di wilayah Kecamatan Guguak . Adnan Z adalah orang tua / ayah kandung Adrizal Adnan ( Mantan Kandatel-Sumbar ), ia merekrut hampir seluruh pemuda di VII Koto yang sehat ikut menjadi anggota Sabilillah. Polisi Tentara yang bertindak menjaga disiplin anggota Sabilillah adalah: Letnan Baharudin Alwi, dan anggotanya , Abdul Muis, Abdul Gani, Ayun Inyiak, Yulius Martunus . Polisi ini juga nantinya yang bertindak sebagi pengawal tawan tentara Jepang dan Kamp Ampang Godang.

August 1947

Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, nama BIP diganti dengan
Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig). Anggota Mobrig direkrut dari mantan anggota BIP ditambah dari Polisi tugas umum dan laskar rakyat yang fisiknya mengijinkan.

Mobrig yang merupakan pasukan khusus itu , langsung dibawah kendali Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Sumatera Barat. Sejak Januari 1947 hingga tahun 1950, Komandan Mobrig Sumbar adalah Inspektur Polisi I Amir Machmud. Ketangguhan pasukan Mobrig ini dalam perang gerilya, terbukti selama Agresi Militer II Belanda.

Setelah Agresi Militer Belanda II berakhir, dibentuklah koordinator-koordinator Mobrig, termasuk di Sumbar yang terbagi 3 koordinator Mobrig yaitu :
a. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Bukittinggi.
b. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Solok.
c. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Padang Panjang.
Pada tahun 1951, nama Koordinator dirubah menjadi Kompi.


 

Alm. Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa (kiri) dan alm. Amir Machmud (merupakan adik ipar Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa)

 

 

 

Peranan Mobrig dalam Mempertahankan Kemerdekaan RI.

 

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

July 1947

  1. 1.      Pengkhianatan Perjanjian Linggarjati oleh Belanda.
    Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947 Agresi militer Belanda I

 

yang merupakan pengkhianatan Belanda atas perjanjian Linggarjati yang ditandatangani pada tanggal 15 November 1946, pasukan Belanda ingin menduduki kota-kota penting di RI.

Pada saat itu kebencian rakyat Indonesia terhadap Belanda memang semakin memuncak, apalagi melihat gelagat tentara Belanda yang berambisi besar sekali untuk kembali bercokol di bumi pertiwi. Maka pada tanggal 25 Juli 1947 dengan taktik perang gerilya Pasukan Mobrig yang bermarkas di Padang dibawah pimpinan Inspektur I Basri Bakar bergabung dengan Batalyon Kuranji Pimpinan Mayor Achmad Husein beserta kekuatan laskar rakyat memporak porandakan Konvoi Militer Belanda di Lubuk Paraku, dalam pertempuran itu ada juga tentara dan Mobrig kita yang terluka.

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

 

 

 

August 1947

August 1947

Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, nama BIP diganti dengan
Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig). Anggota Mobrig direkrut dari mantan anggota BIP ditambah dari Polisi tugas umum dan laskar rakyat yang fisiknya mengijinkan.

Mobrig yang merupakan pasukan khusus itu , langsung dibawah kendali Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Sumatera Barat. Sejak Januari 1947 hingga tahun 1950, Komandan Mobrig Sumbar adalah Inspektur Polisi I Amir Machmud. Ketangguhan pasukan Mobrig ini dalam perang gerilya, terbukti selama Agresi Militer II Belanda.

Setelah Agresi Militer Belanda II berakhir, dibentuklah koordinator-koordinator Mobrig, termasuk di Sumbar yang terbagi 3 koordinator Mobrig yaitu :
a. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Bukittinggi.
b. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Solok.
c. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Padang Panjang.
Pada tahun 1951, nama Koordinator dirubah menjadi Kompi.


 

Alm. Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa (kiri) dan alm. Amir Machmud (merupakan adik ipar Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa)

 

 

Peranan Mobrig dalam Mempertahankan Kemerdekaan RI.

 

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

LOGAM affair,

These events were related to feelings of dissatisfaction among the public preformance which is limited to those from northern Tapanuli, with accusations that the Government had tirikan their children, he said all officials are from Aceh, no one from North Tapanuli.

To menunnukkan dissatisfaction, they MADE  a demonstration, which nearly caused a shedding of BLOOD .Syyukur situations can be mastered.  SM.Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.tobing .However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing. However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr FLTobing.

The leader of this affair led by Mr Logam, had arrested at Pematang Siantar Jail. nbut one day there was a demostration which consist of Battaks peoples in the front of gubervernour  sumatera Office which guarded by  the official and Police which came from aceh.the demontrations sent their “Utusan” to meet with Gouvenour Sumatra,which located at the second floor, after their tals about what their wanted, as fast as built one small”panitia”  to accepted the demonstration envoy, the small panitia consist Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara (SM Amin),Mr Abdul Abbas(staff Gouvernur Sumatra), and zmr Laut siregar(Staf Gubernur sumatra), the small Panitia meet the Demontran utusan, the demostran asking Mr Logam free from jail arrested.Gubevernour sumatera asking Let.Colonel Bachtiar, the chief of Militer Police Detasme at Pematang siantart whic he arrested Mr Logam, after get the information from Let.Col. Bachtiar, Gouvernour Sumatra release from jail arrested.

MARSUSE Affair

The second challenge faced was from the “Lasjkar Marsuse” pane under the leadership of the East. Lasjkar Marsuse This is a combination of several lasjkar a united and demanded an official recognition by the Government as well as a number of funds each month pernelanjaan Rp.120.000.000, -, a jumalh no small sehingga demand was rejected, consequently Pane East with several bodyguards then came to the young governor sumatra north and try to earn money by persuasion-persuasion. This persuasion did not work either, so get out the threat with the words = words: “WHEN VICE PRESIDENT ARRIVES IN LATER Siantar” (vice president is being awaited his arrival from the United Kingdom) “I will do my get it from him and WHERE NOT SUCCEED, THEN AN OCCUR FLOOD BLOOD “. But what happens is a bloodbath as a result of invasion of the Netherlands towards the republic, invasion, known as “Politioneel Actie”.

ORINGINAL INFO:

 

 

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando dilakukan pada

tanggal 24 Januari 1947

di Tanjung Morawa.

 

 Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area.

Dalam waktu 3 minggu Komando Medan Area (KMA) mengadakan konsolidasi, disusun rencana serangan baru terhadap kota Medan. Kekuatannya sekitar 5 batalyon dengan pembagian sasaran yang tepat. Hari “H” ditentukan

15 Februari 1947

dan jam “j” adalah pukul 06.00. Sayang karena kesalahan komunikasi serangan ini tidak dilakukan secara serentak, tapi walaupun demikian serangan umum ini berhasil membuat Belanda kalang kabut sepanjang malam.

 

Karena tidak memiliki senjata berat, jalannya pertempuran tidak berobah. menjelang subuh pasukan kita mundur ke Mariendal. Serangan umum 15 Februari 1947 ini adalah serangan besar terakhir yang dilancarkan oleh pejoang-pejoang di Medan Area.

 

Sampai menjelang Agresi Militer ke I Belanda, yang mana pasukan RI di Medan Area berjumlah yang riel sebesar 7 batalyon dan tetap pada kedudukan semula yang membagi Front Medan Area atas beberapa sektor, ialah Medan timur, Medan selatan, Medan barat dan Medan utara. Dan begitu pula membagi Medan atas 4 sektor yang sama, dan dengan demikian mereka langsung berhadapan dengan pasukan kita.Pada saat terjadi Agresi Militer Belanda ke I, Belanda melancarkan serangannya terhadap pasukan RI ke semua sektor.

 

Perlawanan terhadap Belanda hampir 1 minggu, dan setelah itu pasukan-pasukan RI mengundurkan diri dari Medan Area.
Kesimpulan:Pertempuran di Medan Area merupakan perlawanan yang paling sengit dan panjang di Sumatera Timur, yang berlangsung hampir 2 tahun.

 

Dalam peristiwa ini ialah motivasi rakyat dan Pemuda Pejuang yang tidak mau dijajah dengan disertai sikap ulet dan pantang menyerah.

 

 Tapi walaupun demikian bagaimana pun kuatnya motivasi, tanpa dilandasi kerjasama dan koordinasi yang baik, maka setiap kegiatan dapat mengalami kegagalan. Sejarah telah membuktikan betapa pahitnya keadaan ini.

(Penulis adalah pejoang ’45 dan mantan tawanan)

 

(d) Naskah Lingarjati agreement

 

 

March,25th.1947

When finally the Linggajati Agreement was signed

on March 25, 1947

 

 by Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir representing the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and Governor General H.J Van Mook representing the Dutch Government, we could acknowledge that this was the first time Indonesia have formal recognition for its sovereignty. Even this agreement did not cover all Indonesian regions, but by recognizing Java, Sumatra and Madura, Dutch has lost her main basis in the former East India. While conceding the other part of Indonesia was only a matter of time.

 

Ini kalo ga salah menteri2 di kabinet syahrir

stasiun surabaya gubeng 1947 ketika tentara Belanda berhasil menguasai surabaya (yang jadi sampul buku terkenal di eropa karya jan debruin)

rombongan kendarann amphibi marinir belanda dipindahkan menggunakan kereta api dari probolinggo ke surabaya 1947

 

March,27th.1947

the extreme rare,only one exist in the world, the Repoblic Indonesia overprint Dai Nippon revenue F 5,-(new roepiah) and old f.75,- for legalized the document”Soerat talak”Islamic Divorce ”by the chief of repoblic poostoffice boekittinggi official stamped.and the other rare F 2.50 revenue (not clear document)

 

 

 

my sister

After recieved this letter, drop first talak from brother to sister and who hear this will the witness …etc(islamic divorce or talak)

original document in Indonesia

 

Adinda

seterima surat ini maka jatuh talak kakanda kepada adinda  dan siapa yang mendengar itulah yang menjadi saksi  dan seterusnya.(hand written with pencil)

March,29th.1947

The State Contrubutie tax(Ijoeran negara),paid at Padang Panjang post office CDS 20,4.47.

March,30th.1947

The NICA USAprinting postalstationer landscape 3 1/2 cent send from Djakarta  to semarang.

 

 

March,31th.1947

Sumatra, Pematang Siantar 1947 Regional Issue

  P-S353 – 10 Rupiah, 31 Mar 1947
Front: Soekarno at left,
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera
Back: Denomination on left and right, text at center
Size: 147 x 77 mm
  P-S354 – 100 Rupiah, 31 Mar 1947
Front: Soekarno at left,
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera
Back: Denomination on left and right, text at center
Size: 153 x 81 mm

 

 

 

 

April 1947

April,2nd.1947

240 people from America arrived at Tanjong Priok and went to the inner place(meneruskan perjalanan kedaerah pedalaman)

April,8th.1947

 

Bank Indonesia Palembang tjabang (branch) tjoeroep cover  with handwritten port Rp 1,50 have paid Tj “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, CDS Tjoeroep 8-4-47 to  Palembang,

 

 

April,5th.1947

The Malang Post magazine no 11 info

 

(a) cover

 

 

(b)Penjara di Zaman Repoeblik

Pada hari sabtu,22 maret 1947 setelah minta izin dari tuan R.P. Bahroedin, pemimpin Pejara Daderah Malang, wartawan kitanbersama fotograaf Malang POst melangkah pintu yang meisahkan ribuan orang hukuman dari dunia luar.Kepala keamanan penjara tuan soentro menyambut kita dengan ramah-tamah.

 

 Kesan pertama yang kita dapat dari dalam penjara adalah suasana tenang dan tentram serta merasa seperti masuk dlam satu pusat  pemberi pekerjaaan yang walaupun ada sedikit primitif(sederhana) tapi cukup berguan untuk orang yang dipenjarakan,

 Kemudian kita melihat rumah sakit yang diatur begitu resik,hingga tidak perlu malu dengan rumah sakit biasa, tetapi persediaan obatnya masih kurang. Seblum seorang hukuman baru dapat dicampurkan dengan orang hubuman lain, mereka dimasukkan dalm blok orang baru atau karantina seperti  pulau Onrust, orang baru ditilik kesehatannya oleh dokter penjara Dr Drajat, apabila kesehatannya tidak membahhayakan barulah orang baru itu dicampurkan dengan orang hukuman lain, dalam ruamh sakit diberikan perawatan baik malah ada yang diberei minum susu sehingga mereka merasa kerasan disnan.

 Dari rumah sakit kita mnuju ke bermacam pekerjaaaan , seperti tempat memintal,menenum,mengayam tikar,bengkel besi,pembikinan barang dari kulit. Yang tidak bekerja disini,bekerja  cocok tanam. buah-buahan dan sayuran.kita melihat kelas buta huruf ,dimana kebetulan gurunya sedang mengajar sejumlah anak umur 16 tahun kebawah.

 Orang dewasa juga diajar surat menyurat. Akhirnya kita sampai kedapur, bagan penting karewna masyarakat sudah memasrahkan orang yang berdosa sehingga mereka jangan kekurangan makan dn menderita busung lapar, mereka dihukum perbuatannya dan tidak boleh menghukum jiwanya, 

Selain itu juga kita melihat penjara wanita,mereka juga  dapat bantal empuk dan pakaian perempuan penjara,sarung dan bajukurung biru yang s Semua serba baik,mereka tidak tidur diatas beton tetapi diatas ranjang dan sifat pe njara seperti rumah sekolah. (Perlu dibaca oleh pemimpin penjara masa kini untuk dijadikan contoh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

April.8th.1947

 

Palembang emergency stamp

 

NRI f 0,50 Left unperforated block four

 

Envelop met aantekening “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, Tjoeroep 8-4-47 naar Palembang, pracht ex.

 

 

 

Official freestamp stamplesss  fPostally used cover from tjoeroep 8.4.47 to Palembang

 

April.17th.1947

 

The  CTO cover from Medan CTo over rate cover during Japanese Occupation and Indonesian Independence revolution, Mr Gho kong Liang from padang ever told to me and I have contact My Phoa at Hongkong, I still have his letter,he did not trade philately anymore,he trade Paper money-Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April,17th.1947

 

 

 

Postally used free potr republic homemade cover CDs lheusomawe 17.4.47 to Bireun (provenance dr Iwan suwandy 1985)

April,17th-47

 

Bon pinjaman uang untuk pembelian busi mobil harga F.300 dari Wakil Kepala  Djabatan perhubungan komado Medan are (Markas Pertempoeran Komando Medan Area ) di Tanjungmorawa(rare original leasing bonds )

April 24 th.1947

Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java

 

Fera Gunawan

Comment by Henriko simatupang(FB)

Henriko Mei Erikson Simatupang

menurut beberapa senior, sampul2 yg berkategori philatelic used (not real used) spt ini memang tdk bisa diikutkan dlm kompetisi…tetapi terkadang justru di sampul2 spt ini bisa diperoleh fakta keberadaan beberapa item tertentu yg justru tdk/belum muncul di katalog atau di pasaran. jadi ini bisa dibuat bahan riset filateli. selain itu jika sampul2 tsb msh lengkap dgn resi registernya, bisa diperkirakan kapan kira2 prangko tsb di release. kenapa dikira2 ?

karena surat edaran pos ttg penerbitan benda filateli pada zaman revolusi sulit diperoleh. kalau bpk lihat di ZWP itu diistilahkan dgn vbd & lbd..

.kalau istilah pak Agus Wibawanto cap ini adalah cbf (cancelled by favour)(still in reaseach the originality of the CDS)

Read more comment from Indonesian Phillatelist

Sangadji Stamp

Sy turut setuju dengan pendapat Mbak Fitriyeni Suharto, pada saat tahun-tahun itu 1945-1947 rasanya “belum ada” negatif thinking to mencari keuntungan sendiri melalui sampul, perangko dan cap pos, Namun ada baiknya juga perlu mempelajari maksud-maksud dari si pembuat tsb?

(Dr Iwan note, during that time there one postal history CTO gang from Medan Sajoer St Maharadja, Padang Gho kong Liang, and Surabaya Phoa Lim Kway, they made many CTO covers, but now we found new CTO covers like this took Jong Koe Medan which never seen before 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other same controversial Medan CTO Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All cover CTO by the same person with address Medan stamp co,Toko  Jongkie, date 14/4,12/4/.22/3 1947 all in April 1947 and the last two cover without address,

I have found at Pajak hongkong Medan in 1966 the unused stamps with different Medan rep Ind overprint  which same with the stamps on the above cover,I bought very cheapest only Rp.5.- each(about US 5 sen) but never seen the CTO cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

source

) S A M P U L M E D A N MASA REVOLUSI

SEBAGIAN CONTOH “SAMPUL MEDAN” YG MEMANCING KONTROVERSI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: http://oldstamp.blogspot.com/2012/10/s-m-p-u-l-m-e-d-n-masa-revolusi.html

Untuk jadi info pada tanggal dibawah ini tidak mungkin kantor pos NRI Medan dibuka

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

 pasukan Belanda menyerang kedudukan pasukan RI di Medan Barat dan Medan Utara.

April,28th.1947

The unpaid Bonds of The Battle ‘s command Medan Area Tanjongmorawa

 

 

April ,29th.1947

(a)The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Income Tax Paid at Padang Panjang West sumatra Postal office with CDS 29.7.1947

 

(b) The earliest used of ORI overprint repoblik Indonesia revenue  -.15 lima belas sen (fifteen cent) for buying bond(andeel) Menara Kudus(cigaret factory)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 1947

 

Fake membang muda  NRI papermoney

 

The original in 1948

 

 

 

Read more about nRI papermoney falsification

source

http://www.papermoney-indonesia.com/fakes-forgeries-and-falsifications/\

Published By admin On Sunday, October 23rd 2011. Under Indonesian paper money

 

Modern falsifications of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money

– By Rob Huisman –

One can devide forgeries of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money in 4 categories:

– Contemporary falsifications with the objective to circulate the forgeries for profit

– Contemporary falsifications, issued by rivaling parties to either disrupt the others economy and/or finance secret operations

– Low quality modern falsifications for sale to ignorant tourists and starting collectors, being either:

  • reproductions of existing notes
  • fantasy notes

– High quality modern falsifications for sale to the collectors community, being either:

  • reproductions of scarce notes
  • pretended newly discovered issued and proof notes

Although the first two categories are of interest to collectors, especially the last category is most annoying to the collecting community. Years ago, Netherlands Indies paper money was mainly collected by some Dutch collectors that included the overseas territories in their Netherlands paper money collection. More recently, also Indonesia became more aware of its past and the improved local economic situation allows more Indonesians to spend money on collecting. There is even a tendency where Netherlands-Indies and Indonesian paper money sells at higher prices in Indonesia than in Europe. In recent years, several Indonesian auction houses were founded that offer an impressive selection of much sought after paper money. For better quality and more scarce pieces the prices have risen significantly. Unfortunately as soon as these items become expensive, falsifications also start to surface. This collecting area is still in its early days and therefore it is likely that unknown issued or proof notes might be discovered. The relatively low average salary level combined with the skilled craftsmanship of the Indonesian people make paper money an easy target for falsifications. When an unknown Netherlands Indies or Indonesian note appears on the market it is therefore justified to be suspicious about its authenticity.

Below I have listed an overview of paper money that I have classified as “modern falsifications”. This list is not complete and newly identified forgeries will be added as they surface.

============================================================

In december 2007 I bought four notes from Tandjong Pandan, the main town of the Indonesian island Billiton.

 

 

 

 

Studying the notes carefully, the following observations can be made:

  • The notes carry no serial number identification which is unusual for notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • The notes do not have a specific date of issue, only the larger one has 1947 printed, but no day and month which is also unusual for  notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • One note mentions Cents (Dutch) as denomination; the other one mentions Rupiah (Indonesian). During the revolutionary period the new Republik Indonesia discouraged and prevented the use of any reference to the Dutch colonial period on its paper money.
  • The paper has several folds. Especially the larger note has a strong horizontal fold in the middle where the paper has been damaged. Looking with a magnifier,  the printing ink shows creep into the paper at the fold and also has no ink on locations immediately next to the fold; These are strong indications that the printing occurred on paper that already had the folds.
  • The large note carries the signature and name of M. Lukman Hakim who later became the governor of Bank Indonesia (1958-1959). It is known that he called himself Loekman Hakim since he followed the old spelling, just like Soekarno did.
  • The signature of Mr. Loekman Hakim does not resemble his signature that is printed on the ORI BARU notes of 1949.
  • The cutting perforation of the notes is not used on any other Indonesian note and has no clear functional reason.

==============================================================

During the past few years a number of  falsifications has entered the market, especially via internet sites like eBay. Although these notes seemed to be fake at a first glance, I did buy several  in order to study them in more detail. Because the number of fake Indonesian and Netherlands-Indies notes sold via eBay is irritating me, last night I send an e-mail to one specific eBay seller, pointing out to him that he was selling fake paper money and asking him to at least mention that in his description. He wrote me back asking me why this note was fake and if so, he would remove the note from eBay. Basically I spend my whole night looking at this note and wondering how to describe to him that this note is a fake. I realised that it is pretty dificult to describe why a note that looks like a fake is indeed a forgerie. During this exercise I also put some of my other presumed fake notes on the table and looked at them for a while. In total it is a collection of eight notes that I aquired during the past three years and that I put aside for studying at a later moment in time. It is a variety of notes:

 

 

100 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

 

 

500 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

The e-mail to the eBay seller concerned the sale of the above note of 100 Gulden. My e-mail reply was as follows:

“This is a note from a series that contains a 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. These are recent falsifications for sale to tourists visiting Sabang, which is a most attractive island, especially loved by scuba divers, located near the coast of Atjeh at the most western point of Indonesia. These notes are regularly offered on eBay for sale.

Looking at the revolutionary period in Indonesia between 1945 and 1949, the so called struggle for independence, there were parts of Indonesia where the Dutch were in charge and parts where the new Republican government was in charge. The status of Sabang during these years is not very clear.
However the Dutch did not issue any local money during this period, they only issued NICA money in some territories and re-introduced the old Javasche Bank money where NICA was short on supply. Later they issued new Javasche Bank money in several area’s.

The Indonesian government issued the ORI money on Java and later they issued ORIPS money on Sumatra. Because of logistical problems with the distribution of ORIPS money some local governmental institutions issued their own local money, like the Asahan province. The Republican money for the Atjeh area was printed in Bukkittinhi and was also called ORIPS money. There are no historical records of Sabang printing or issueing own money.
 
If the Dutch would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure be Dutch money, in Dutch language and on high quality paper. The notes mention the name VANDER P, which possibly refers to Van der Plas, one of the highest ranking officials in the Dutch Indies at that time. It is unlikely that he would have been the signatory of any local issued paper money. Also there is no logic to just mentioning part of his name. Most text on the notes is in Malay while the denomination is in Gulden. The spirit of those times was that the Dutch would have issued paper money using Dutch text, mentioning only the denomination in both Dutch and Malay, like all the other issues in that period.
 
If the Indonesian Republic would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure mention Rupiah as the denomination. There was a strong sense of nationalism within the Republican party and it is sure to assume that any reference to the Dutch colonial period would be prevented. All the local issues of the Republic Indonesia mention Rupiah’s during that period.
Furthermore the 100 and 500 gulden notes have the F. sign in front of the denomination which refers to the Florin, the old Netherlands word for Gulden. It is highly unlikely that the Indonesian Republic would all of a sudden start using this historic notation, that was last used on Dutch Java Bank banknotes in 1864, on a small and distant Indonesian Island.
 
Next, the notes have the Islam sign with star and crescent moon printed on the note which is not observed on any genuine Sumatra notes of that period. There are two notes listed in the Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia KUKI (HP-3 and HP-4) both issued by Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) at Cirebon, Java in 1949, unfortunately the author of the catalogue was only able to provide poor quality black and white copies of these notes.
Some years ago a series of five notes was offered to several senior collectors for a price of $ 4.000 that was supposed to be issued by the NII in the Atjeh province. Also this series is believed to be a fake and might even originate from the same counterfeiter.”

 

Een honderd dollars note from Deli / Medan 1899
Note the text “Jhon ench zone” at the bottom of the obverse. It is an amateurish reference to the Dutch printer “Joh. Enschedé en Zonen”

 

20 Rupiah note from Medan 5 juli 1947

 

500 Rupiah note from Laboehan Batoe, 11 september 1947

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in pink color

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in green color

 

Fake 100 Rupiah, Keresidenan Atjeh, 15 September 1948

 

 

 

 

Compare with the original Aceh NRI papermoney,provenance Dr Iwan at aceh 1996

 

 

I studied the paper, the designs, the printing techniques, the texts, the signatories, the history of the area’s, etc., etc.

Each note appears to be very amateurish but there was something I could not yet put my finger on.

Then I studied the serial numbers of the notes and, all of a sudden, I found a match between all these notes that are supposed to cover a period of almost 50 years.

All serial numbers have 5 numbers and most notes seemed to be printed with the same number printing machine.

 The character set and size is the same and most notes show a serial number where the 4th number is printed a little higher than the other numbers.

 It seems like all these notes could have been manufactured by one and the same counterfeiter using the same equipment. Most of these notes were sold in Singapore.

Saya mempelajari kertas, desain, teknik cetak, teks, penandatangan, sejarah daerah, dll, dll
Setiap catatan tampaknya sangat amatir tapi ada sesuatu yang saya belum bisa menempatkan jari saya di.
Lalu aku mempelajari nomor seri dari catatan dan, tiba-tiba, saya menemukan kecocokan antara semua catatan yang seharusnya untuk menutupi masa hampir 50 tahun.
Semua nomor seri memiliki 5 nomor dan catatan yang paling tampaknya dicetak dengan mesin cetak nomor yang sama.
 

Set karakter dan ukuran yang sama dan catatan yang paling menunjukkan nomor seri dimana jumlah 4 dicetak sedikit lebih tinggi daripada angka lainnya.
 

Sepertinya semua catatan bisa saja diproduksi oleh satu dan pemalsu yang sama menggunakan peralatan yang sama. Sebagian besar catatan yang dijual di Singapura

 

 

=====

Below please find an overview of other fake Indonesian banknotes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In early Mei 1947, S.M.Amin was pointed as the Young Guvernour(Gubernur Muda) North Sumatra, by telegram from Vice president Moh,Hatta via Resident Aceh T.Chik Myhamaad Daudsyah.,before he was the chief executive of DPR Aceh , at last Mei he went to Pematang siantar where the capital of Sumatra Province ,in order to meet the Govermur Sumatra Tewuku Mohammads Hassan where he was inagurated , before the capital at Medan but  moving because the Dutch pressuded. Several days working, S.M.Amin must solved the LOGAM (metal) and Marsuse affairs.

original informations:

LOGAM affair,

Peristiwa ini terjadi berkaitan dengan perasaan tidak puas dalm kalangan masyarakat yang terbatas pada mereka yang berasal dari  Tapanuli utara, dengan tuduhan bahwa  Pemerintah meng anak tirikan  mereka, katanya seluruh pejabat berasal dari Aceh,tidak ada yang berasal dari tapanuli utara. Untuk menu nnukkan rasa tidak puas, mereka mengakan suatu demonstrasi , yang hampir menimbulkan suatu pertumpahan darah.Syyukur situasi dapat dikuasai . Namum keadaan tetap dirasa gawat sehingga Pemerintah tetap waspada dan merasa perlu dikeluarkan sebuah Maklumat  Peringatan yang ditujukan kepada rakyat  agar kejadian perpecahan agar tidak terjad9i,maklumat ini ditanda tangani oleh Gubernur Muda S>M>Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing.

 

 

 

MARSUSE AFFAIR

Tantangan kedua yang dihadapi adalah dari pihak “Lasjkar Marsuse” dibawah pimpinan Timur pane. Lasjkar Marsuse ini adalah gabungan beberapa lasjkar yang bersatu dan menuntut suatu pengakuan resmi oleh Pemerintah serta  dana pernelanjaan setiap bulan sejumlah Rp.120.000.000,-,suatu jumalh yang tidak sedikit seh8ingga tuntutan itu ditolak, akibatnya Timur Pane dengan beberapa pengawalnya kemudian mendatangi gubernur muda sumatra  utara dan berusaha memperoleh uang tersebut dengan bujukan-bujukan. Bujukan ini juga tidak berhasil ,sehingga keluar ancaman dengan kata=kata:”BILAMANA WAKIL PRESIDEN NANTI TIBA DI PEMATANG SIANTAR” (wakil presiden memang  sedang ditunggu kedatangannya dari Bukittinggi)”AKAN SAYA USAHAKAN MEMPEROLEHNYA DARI BELIAU DAN BILAMANA TIDAK BERHASIL,MAKA AN TERJADI BANJIR DARAH”. Tetapi yang terjadi adalah banjir darah sebagai akibat serbuan belanda kearah daerah republik, serbuan yang dikenal dengan sebutan “Politioneel Actie”.

In May 1947, a ship named KM Trade. Bali arrested by the Dutch in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and Sea village to jambi. In addition to commodities such as rice, on the ship there is also a passenger:

1. Captain M. Thaib RH (Company Commander Kuala Tungkal)

2. Sergeant Major Cedet / Kadir Naning (Adjutant) and several bodyguards

3. National Outcome Inspector Helper. Asmara Siagian II (police officer)

4. Teacher David (Head of Religious Bureau Kuala Tungkal)

5. H. Abdullah Aziz (Kuala Tungkal Religious Judge)

6. H. Mohd. Thaib (Office of Civil Religion Kuala Tungkal)

7. Gumri Abdullah (religious teacher) and several other civilians.

KM. Bali with all its passengers were taken to Tanjung Pinang (Riau), while the rice in the waste into the sea.

 

Captain M. Thaib RH and Letda R. Umar and his men captured in Tanjung Pinang, other civilian passengers were freed. Captain M. Thaib RH and his men were released after the handover of sovereignty of Indonesia.

May,5t,1947

President Soekarno order as the higest Command Indonesian Army, in as fast Indonesian amred forces (TRI-tentara repoeblik Indonesia)  and the Lasjkar joined in in one organization TNI(tentara Nasional Indonesia _ Indonesia National Army)

May,6th,1947

(a)The rare emergency overprint  prangko on dai Nippon revenue at palembang, postally used cover send fro Palembang  cds 6.5.47

 

 

Machinal Overprint on dai Nippon occupation sumatra Revenuve ,there are several different settings of these overprints. 2000 copies of f.50 and f 1,- values and 5.0000.- copies of the f2,- and f 2.50 values were issued.Known used at Kajoeagoeng,Lahat,Palembang,Pendopo and Tandjongradja.Most used copies are CTO,approximately 15 genuinely used entires exist,Most of the stamp are off center. (V.esbensen.1980)

 

I have only the unsued stamps,(Dr Iwan notes)

 

I had seen the postally used cover courtecy Ricardo during International philatelixc shows at Jakarta 1995,and look the fotocopy of that collections below(Dr Iwan Notes).

 

 

(b) The original letter of badan pemeriksaan Military Police Division Banteng I Sumatera

May,8th.1947

THe overprint repoeblik Indonesia -from java on Ned Indie karbouw 2 cent stamp(5x) postally used from Tjiawi to Djkarta.

 

May,10th.1947

The Document of repoeblic Indonesia soerakarta  Justice Court ,about the  “Ahliwaris”

 

May,10th,1947

On May 10, 1947 Battleship Dutch then looked at the tip of the island Poncan Tower and soon anchorage, 1.5 Miles from the Port of Sibolga, with berlabuhnya Dutch war ships, Sibolga standby entire force deployed to keep things that are not desirable , Unity Tapanuli security delivered protest filed by the Company Commander of Navy Oswald Siahaan to Warship Netherlands, but incidents of the negotiators Oswald Siahaan with Dutch ship shootout.

3) With the incident then the chairman of the Defense Council Tapanuli Dutch Warships ordered to immediately leave the port if no action will be taken. The whole combat ready troops firing when the Dutch ship did not go, because the Dutch did not leave the Ship Defense Council ordered to shoot a Dutch ship, resulting in the crossfire between the forces of Indonesia by the Dutch Warship for 6 hours, Dutch Warship finally shoot blindly Ship The Dutch left the Gulf War Sibolga

4) With the blind blindly Dutch war ship then fired Sibolga MAS KADIRAN mepercepat ordered and mobilized for the completion of the manufacture of cannon, unfortunately while testing the cannon, one of the members of Barisan SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli named “LUNCIUS Simanjuntak” dead less than a month the death Luncius Simanjuntak cannon shooter Distance MAS KADIRAN completed with the name calling Meriam Meriam “LUNCIUS” in order to commemorate the name of one of the members who died while testing the cannon. Finally, experts in these techniques can resolve the 3 pieces of cannon, a cannon shooter distance size of 8 inches, one anti-aircraft cannon and a cannon Anti Tank Cal. 3.8 inch.

i. SPECIAL POLICE FORCES row Tapanuli INTO CAR Brigade residency residency Tapanuli

(MBK Tapanuli)

1) In accordance with the provisions of the Branch Bureau of Police for the Sumatra and Tapanuli Command Chief Residency at the melting renamed “POLICE CAR residency Tapanuli Brigade” Brigade POLICE CAR’s name is based on the letter of Command Chief of Police No. Young. : 126 / 78 / 91 November 14, 1946. concerning the establishment of Mobile Brigade in each of the residency of the formation of the Brigade Police Cars are meant to uniform name, rank structure, the task of working procedures of the police forces that are at the Residency in Indonesia where the name of a wide Variety of Police, there PATRIOT POLICE, POLICE EXEMPLARY, SPECIAL POLICE Barisan , POLICE FAST MOTION. etc.

2) The main purpose of the establishment of Mobile Brigade is composed Forces – the small army as the core of a strong police firepower with high mobility, in each residency in the form of Mobile Brigade residency (MBK) and led by a TK-POLICE INSPECTOR I / II as for the strength of 100 people or more, with space covering the entire residency, Administration, Organization and under the leadership Tactical Police Chief Residency.

3). In addition to the residency of Mobile Brigade (MBK), the Center / Bureau held Reservists are called Mobile Brigade LARGE (MBB), led by the Bureau MBB A POLICE COMMISSIONER receiving command and directly responsible to the Head of State Police. Reservists / MBB-strength 100 s / d 600 Armament Members who complete it.

May 11 th.1947.


Sultan Hamid II of Pontianak governed the “Daerah Istimewa Kalimantan Barat” in cooperation with the Dutch (corresponding to today’s Kalimantan Barat province). He was arrested in 1950 for involvement in a plot against the Indonesian government.

Dutch create state of West Kalimantan with Sultan of Pontianak at head; Sjahrir protests


Dutch vehicle in flames after a guerilla ambush at Puncak, April 1947

 

 

May,11th,1947

Radio Station at delangoe picture during “diresmikan” President Soekarno

 

May ,15th.1947

Used local soematra repoblik Indonesia bea meterai (revenue) f.15,- type WSR 2.(rare nominal)(if the speciaolist collector want to know the different of type WSR 1 and WSR 2 ,please subscribed as the block premium member-Dr Iwan Not, different design of repoeblik Indonesia bea meterai)

 

May,18th.1947

the rare Palembang republic overprint PTT NRI on Dai Nippon stamp used on complete document

May,22th.1947

The official letter from Bandung ,cds Bandoeng BKT 1 22.3.47 to  Batavia centrum. arrived CDS  Batavia C 10.at the back of cover.

May,23th.1947

The used local Sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f 1,-(small f) in may,23th 1947, theearliest  12/3.47. two different colour,type WSR 2.

May,24th,1947

The recieved of building cionstruction from palembang with  Overprint Palembang PTT NRI in round ball Dai Nippon revenue

May,25th.1947

 

Darmojuwono Ordained Priest, May 25, 1947.  Now Archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia

 

May,29th.1947

The latest used of Local  sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue f.150  in May.29th,1947, the earliest Sepetember,16th.1946,type WSR 1

 

May,30th.1947

The tranportation(pengankutan)  of  last  350  APWI_allied Prisoner  War Indonesia (rombongan tahanan perang) from Republic area arrived at Jakarta.

In May 1947

 

Dr Soedjono P Pusponegoro,

Pediatrician at Central hospital Jakarta(RSCM )

November 1945

May 1947 Physician, Kendal
Director, Kardinah Hospital, Tegal
May 1947

February  1950 Pediatrician, Central Hospital, Djakarta
concurrently teaching at the Medical School, University of the Republic of Indonesia, Djakarta

 

 

INDONESIA MERDEKA CENSOR MAIL BATAVIA AUSTRALIAN POSTMARKS Fine  covers from Batavia (Jakarta) to Holland with Australian postmarks ‘Batavia Centrum’ dated May 1947

June 1947

a)In June 1947, Lieutenant Young A. Page Yatub and Sergeant Tambunan arrested by the Dutch Navy in the waters between Kuala Tungkal Sea and the village, they served to bring fighters from Kuala Tungkal incorporated in Lasyakar commander to be sent to the Front Estuary Rupit / Lubuk Linggau.

Dutch complain that Indonesia is stopping shipments of rice to Dutch-controlled areas.Egypt and Syria recognize the Republic of Indonesia.

Menistery Moh.Roem, Mr Amir Sjarifuddin,Hemangku Buwono and Mr A.Madjid arrive at Jakarta due to Prime Menistry St Sjahrir invitation because the situation became worst(suasana semakin Genting)

 

Kamping.


Java
Semarang June 1947
Parade on the Bodjong, the main street of Semarang

 

 

 

 

 

 

June,2nd.1946

June.2nd.1947

 

1947 (2 June). Batavia – USA. Reg high fkd env. mns Boat mail. Special label reverse.[ 535479

This day was the earliest used of Sumatra new value overprint on Sukarno stamp(Zon 91-96).Loose used stamp mostsly CTO but there exist very few CTO covers.Aproximately 125genuinely used entires exist.The different type of the overprint are identifiend in on full sheet, the earlist date used CDS Koelasimpang 2.6.47(v.esbense,1980)

I have found only one genuinely cover send from Pematang Siantar to Bukittinggi(ex dr iwan collection sold to Mr Karel), and the off cover CDS  Pematang siantar  19.8.47 and CDS (boekit) tinggi …,8.47. I also have the complete set of the five different stamnp in mint condition,I also have seen the surabaja collector have the full sheet of this stamp(Dr Iwan Note)

June ,3th.`1947

(a)Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (Indonesian Army) is renamed Tentara Nasional Indonesia or TNI.as the unity of TRI and Lajkar Rakyat  Indonesia.

(b) The used local sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue  f.25,-, earliest date June,3th.1947, and the latest November.13th.1947( the revenue became up in june from  f 15,-)

 

Dengan truk ditangkap prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI), dievakuasi. TNI dibentuk oleh penggabungan dari tentara Republik dan pemuda-pemuda di 3 Juni 1947. Di Jawa mereka memiliki sekitar 110.000 dan sekitar 64.000 orang di Sumatera. Indonesia 18 Februari 1948.

Dengan truk ditangkap prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI), dievakuasi. TNI dibentuk oleh penggabungan dari tentara Republik dan pemuda-pemuda di 3 Juni 1947. Di Jawa mereka memiliki sekitar 110.000 dan sekitar 64.000 orang di Sumatera. Indonesia 18 Februari 1948.

–deleted–…

mungkin maksud teks nya : dengan truk rampasan, TNI di evakuasi…
mungkin ini pergeseran pasukan hasil perjanjian renville atau linggarjati…?

hehehe ada penampakan truk eks-KNIL… ada chevrolet, ada ford,… (kebelakang makin nga jelas…)

Duh… coba yg bikin film merah putih liat thread ini yah… jadi ngga bakal truk isuzu dan hino ikut nonggol jadi pemeran… hehehehe… kayanya sih ada ford wanabe… tapi parah banget culunnya ngga dapet… hehehehe

btw itu pistol mauser eks tentara Jepang veteran manchuria atau kopiannya cina atau ori buatan jerman yah…?

yg ini buat foto foto yg udah di post di trit TNI

 

Coba deh perhatikan orang sebelah kiri no 3.. kok kyk orang Soviet ya..? apa orang Indo pake model baju Tentara merah..??

 

Mauser seri C-96

June,5th.1947

The rare document of Aceh Railway (Kereta Api) office

 

 

 

 

 

June,8th.1947

 

 

Envelop met aantekening “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, Tjoeroep 8-4-47 naar Palembang, pracht ex.

 

June,9th.1947

The Unpaid bond Billing  of Komando tempur Medan Area Tanjoengmorawa (east sumatra)

 

June,1oth.1947

This day was the earliest used Sumatra ORI handstamped overprint(Dai Nippon type 71).The Ori overprint was used throughout Sumatra.However ,the overprinting was clesrly done locally with local handstamped. Therefore there exist many minor varieties of the over[rint.Approximately 25 gunuinely used entires exist of all types put to gether,the earliest date use CDS Soegeipenoeh 10.6.47 postally sencored cover.(v.esbensen<1980)

I have found only CTO postally used made by Mr Postman Soewil,only one postcard.this ORI overprint the Padang repoebelik Indonesia overprint KON 10 cent.

And I also have a complete collection of mint ORI stamp

 On overprint Rep:Ind: on  Dai Nippon definitive Sumatra stamp

 1 c , 3 c,30 c,40 c,50 c ,-(triple Overprint) –Dr Iwan’s note,

June,11th.1947

 

 

 

Postallyb used NRI overprint repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen on Dai nippon postal stationer send from to boekittinggi cds 11.7.46(provenance Dr Iwan suwandy,1985)

 

The earliest used of the Djokjakarta issued stamps CDS 11.7.1947 (info V.esbensen catalogue ,1980)

 

And Dai Nippon catalogue 1981

 

I never seen the postal used cover with this three Yogya issued stamps,50 sen dark blue Wayang,60 sen red NRI flag ,and 80 sen violet Borobudur.

I have 50 sen used moneyOrder fragment

 

and Block four mint 60 sen flag(Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

 

June,16th.1947

the rare document of the chief of Loerah amapaloe west sumatra repoeblic village(Waminegeri pemerintah repoeblik Indonesia) official stamped . the document about “harta Poesaka”

 

June,17th,1947

the rare Medeka newspaper card send  express mail from Djakrta to jogyakarta,with 2x 15 sen and 1×40 sen java repoeblic Indonesia definitive stamps.

 

 

The book ‘s  illustration of djokjakarta batik(ibid winkler,1948)

 

 

 

 

 

June ,18th.1947

The very rare postally used emergency stamps overprint prangko on dai nippon revenue  f0,50 and f 2,- cds Palembang 18.6.47 to Painan west sumatra.

 

 

 

 

and the complete series of the stamp above in mint (unused) condition.

 

 

June,22th.1947

 

The Ned Indie Briefkaart kartoepos karbouw 3 1/2 cent send from  Gouw Ho machine fabric Pejagalan 2 CDS Batavia 26.6.47 first type to Semarang

The Poster of Bale Poestaka Batvia Centrum the Lampoeng Book by K.R.A.A. Probonegoro.(rare Nica poster)

(c)the rare bookstore cover with Dr sun

 

 

 

 

Sun Jat-sen san min chu I book promotion

 

 

 

 

June,17th.1947

 

1947, Bedarfs-Dienstbrief aus “BATOE RADJA 5.7.47” auf Aufdruckprovisorium F 2,50 auf 40 Sen, rs. Dienststempel “TJABANG G.P.I.I. BATOERADJA”, Faltung und Beförderungsspuren, ungewöhnlicher Beleg

 

July.21th.1947

 

 

Form to get the Duplicat of spaarbank book asking from Liwa and  in CDS Benkoelen  9.10.46. look the closed up

 

Closed up

 

Formulir permintaan kuku duplikat bank tabungan pos dengan prangko cetak tindih Rep Indonesia diatas dainippon Sumatra definitive dan stempel pos dan tanggal 21/7-47 telah dibuat dengan biaya f 2.-

 

 

 

 

June,24th.1947

 

The photo of Megawati Sukarno Putri during baby and his mother Megawati at left in June 1947,now

 

she ex president Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

Who can tell me more about the middle (triangle) stamp chop?

Comments to the webmaster
Comment:

As of September / October 1945

Dutch soldiers were sent to India.

The abbreviations of the armed forces was – as now – often a problem for the home front.

 In addition, men were much moved (sometimes at their own request) allowing the delivery of mail was a problem.

 After the arrival of December 7th Division with an organic field post office in the organization, the existing offices (mostly KNIL personnel) expanded.

Among others, the boat lists (lists and other transportation such as KLM) the names and registration numbers of the Indi sent to
staff continuously to the field post office sent a copy.

There was a name / registration / under part-karthoteek of landscaped omonbestelbare post to derouteren to the new component. Post was indeed important.

The recipient of the letter is sent with a so called Light Infantry Battalion (LIB).

These battalions went first to Indi in September 1945 and came from there to England in November 1945.

Of the English should they not Indie and these battalions were sent to Australia and Malaya until 15 March 1946.

Since they were reorganized into the waiting period, the new component names are often not at the homefront bekend.Hun names were not recorded centrally and when it started in lateIn 1946 it took a long time before everything was.

Note a “return” message often lasted 2 months and then the man was again moved. The stamps show that the field post office the item is not found in the array (“incomplete address”).

The Personnel Section (adj. Gen) was called on the personeel karthoteek did see “triangle stamp”. Result nil see left stamp “Return Sender”.

The “triangle stamp” falls under the so-called administrative field postmarks like that of the Dutch Field Post from 1939 to 1940 with comments like “Not with Field Post Office 4” and the like.
Jan van der Meer

Dr Iwan Note

This is the interesting Dutch Military Fieldpost  postal history send from dutch to Batavia, but  cannot found  the reciever  because the soldier always moved and in june,24th.1947  still cannot found at personel section, and they choped with triagle Feldpost Batavia (Field Post), then return to sender

 

 

June 26.1947

(a)Dutch forces mobilize for an invasion of Madura, and eventually Java. William Foote, a USA diplomat, intervenes and offers to mediate between Dutch and Indonesians. The invasion is postponed.

(b)

 

The rare Komando Tempoer Medan area Billing Bond which never pain,sign at Kabanjahe 26.7.1947.

 

June 27.1947

(a)president’s announcement No.6 YEAR 1947

Berhubung with the urgency of the situation at the present time, the President of the Indonesian republic, on 06/27/1947, government  completely took power for a while,

Yogyakarta, 03:30 hours

dated 26.7.1947

President of the Indonesian republic

Soekarno

at the same time, General Spoor, the DEI chief command, issuing orders dag (Day Order):

1, Day of week begins with the transfer 26/06/1947 all vehicles by the Dutch Military. 2. Sunday afternoon began with the consolidation of all forces that will participate in aksi.3.Senin 30/06/1947 at 3:30 am (AM) beginning with affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten (attack points) 4.senen 06.00 (AM) morning begins with a general attack across the front. 5.Didaerah which has been occupied by Dutch troops have conducted large-besaran.6.Seluruh pengankapan houses of any nation must also digeledah.7.Perintah is valid if the Saturday date of 06/28/1947 at 14:00 (PM) tidka revoked.

With the leaking of the above order of the day, the Great Commander General Sudirmasn menegeluarkan command as follows:

1.Angkatan the Republic of Indonesia and all the people should remain firm, vigilant, alert and ready (not careless) .2. If the Dutch army at one place has started to conduct the attacks on the Indonesian side should be held as well as possible resistance, no (not necessary) to wait for another command from the helm of the republic Indonesia.3.Gerakan Prerang Force general on the whole of Indonesia to maintain a State run by orders from the helm of the army of the Republic of large-scale battles Indonesia.4.Jika ynag didajului actual (executed) by dutch army, then the resistance simultaneously (total) that best

original Info:

MAKLUMAT PRESIDEN RI  NO.6 TAHUN 1947

bBerhubung dengan gentingnya keadaan pada waktu sekarang,maka Presiden repoeblik Indonesia,pada tanggal 27.6.1947 ,mengambil kekuasaan Pemerintah sepenuhnya untuk sementara waktu,

Yogyakarta,jam 03.30

tanggal 26.7.1947

Presiden Repoeblik Indonesia

Soekarno

at the same time,General Spoor ,the DEI chief command , mengeluarkan dag order(Day Order):

1, Hari minggu 26.6.1947 dimulai dengan pengoperan semua kendaraan oleh Militer Belanda. 2. Minggu sore dimulai dengan konsolidasi seluruh pasukan yang akan ikut dalam aksi.3.Senin 30.6.1947 jam 03.30 pagi(AM) dimulai dengan affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten(titik serangan) 4.senen jam 06.00(AM) pagi dimulai dengan serangan umum diseluruh front.5.Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh tentara belanda harus diadakan pengankapan besar-besaran.6.Seluruh rumah dari bangsa apapun juga harus digeledah.7.Perintah ini berlaku jika pada hari sabtu tanggal 28.6.1947 jam 14.00(PM) tidka dicabut.

Dengan bocornya perintah harian diatas, maka Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman  menegeluarkan perintah sebagai berikut:

1.Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia dan rakyat seluruhnya harus tetap tegas,awas,waspada dan siap sedia(jangan lengah).2.Jika disalah satu tempat tentara Belanda telah mulai mengadakan serangan maka dari pihak Indonesia harus segera mengadakan perlawanan sebaik-baiknya,tidak usah(tidak perlu)  menunggu Komando lagi dari pucuk pimpinan Angkatan Prerang republik Indonesia.3.Gerakan umum mengenai seluruh Indonesia untuk mempertahankan Negara dijalankan dengan perintah dari pucuk pimpinan angkatan perang Republik Indonesia.4.Jika pertempuran besar-besaran ynag sesungguhnya didajului(dijalankan) oleh tentara belanda,maka perlawanan serentak(total) yang sebaik-baiknya

(b)Amir Sjarifuddin and the “Left Wing” withdraw support of Sjahrir. Sjahrir leaves the government and becomes Indonesia’s representative at the United Nations. Amir Sjarifuddin becomes Prime Minister

Dutch soldiers in Batavia, 1947. By the start of the first Dutch “police action”, there were 92,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

June,29th.1947

 

The picture of Genral sudirman,and othe TNI leader , during sworn by President sukarno at Djogja Palace inaugurated  by Presiden sukarno at president nRI  Palace Jogya.

 

 

the unpaid bonds for medan areacommand  headquater ‘s car (TRI 26) reapiar  by Mr Abdoekl Rahman Tandjong Morawa left. this bod sign by Letnasn A.rahman with medan area official choped,

 

 

also look the picture of Medan area headquaters  after burn during politional action

 

 

June,30th.1947

The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Special Card with pen line overprint on dancer 2 cent with Repoeblic Java definitive 3 cent, postally used send from Djakarta.

 

July 1947

(1)  the month of July 1947, Vice President Mohammad Hatta arrived in Siantar in the review of the Sumatran, after several ahari he was disana.Gubernur sumatra received the news of a private intelligence, that the Dutch army had occupied the city of high cliffs and continue toward the town of siantara, being The TNI and Police beriat no nothing.

 

(2) This is important news as soon submitted to the vice president M. Hatta. meanwhile sma news from the TNI and police followed, so that immediate action should be taken to save the Vice President who happened to be in Sumatra Siantar.Gubernur Pematang instructed to his car, Chrysler’s 7-seat (white elephant) immediately covered with leaves so that the color white no longer visible from the ship flying the Dutch.

 

(3) After consultation with the Vice-President Hatta, Governor sumatra plan to bring him to Brastagi, through Kananjahe and so on through Sidikalang to Bukittinggi. For that SM Amin ordered his driver to fill a full tank for the trip jauh.SEmentara Car gurbenur Sumatra past noon ready wrapped and covered with leaves. Since that time is the Fast, then paced a little food for Iftar are already prepared, had taken Similarly, the car used Sumatra.Anak Vice President and governors of Sumatra Governor and Wife and all goods are in his house had been left in Siantar,  not enough  time anymore to take care of it, handed it to God SWT.

 

(4)Rombongan just waiting for the arrival of Governor Mr Young. SM.Amin, so that can go together, but setalh how long to wait, he never dtang, his car was not returned from filling the fuel (BBM). Apparently accomplice in Siantar NICA has begun to play a role.

 

(5) Therefore it was already two o’clock in the afternoon (PM) then took the decision to Sumatra Guernur bernagkat to Brastagi, Mr. SM Amin was able to catch up later. Head with rush to Brastagi need to done in order  to prevent the Vice President was arrested by Dutch troops, it turns out later that the Dutch troops entered the town of siantar approximately 45 minutes after Vice President Moh.Hatta entourage departed, the group survived until the Brastagi afternoon.

look the illustration of vice presiden Moh Hatta  during departed to balige from pematang siantara and  from there to Tapanoeli and Bukittingi

 

Governor Young SM Amin who still lives in Siantar the Dutch army entered the city, asked to come to the office to the Netherlands to be examined

original info(ibid. Mr teuku Mohammad hassan,1986)

Dalam bulan July 1947,

 wakil Presiden Mohammad hatta tiba di pematang siantar dalam peninjauan ke sumatera, sesudah beberapa ahari beliau berada disana.Gubernur sumatra menerima berita dari seorang intel pribadi, bahwa tentara Belanda sudah menduduki kota Tebing tinggi dan terus menuju kota Pematang siantar,sedang dari pihak TNI dan Polisi belum ada berita apa-apa.

 berita penting ini segera disampaikan kepada wakil Presiden M.Hatta. sementara itu berita yang sma dari TNI dan Polisi menyusul,sehingga segera perlu diambil tindakan untuk menyelamatkan Wakil Presiden yang kebetulan berada di Pematang Siantar.

Gubernur Sumatera menginstruksikan supaya mobilnya,Chrysler 7-seat(Gajah Putih) segera ditutup dengan daun-daun agar warna putihnya tidak kelihatan lagi dari kapal terbang Belanda.

 Sesudah bermusyawarah dengan Wakil Presiden Hatta,Gubernur sumatra merencanakan untuk membawa beliau ke Brastagi,melalui Kananjahe dan seterusnya melalui Sidikalang ke Bukittinggi.

Untuk itu S.M Amin menyuruh supirnya untuk mengisi bensin penuh untuk perjalanan jauh.SEmentara Mobil gurbenur Sumatera lewat tengah hari siap dibalut dan ditutup dengan daun-daunan

.Berhubung waktu itu adalah bulan Puasa,maka serba sedikit makanan untuk berbuka puasa yang sudah disiapkan,terpaksa dibawa pula dengan mobil yang digunakan Wakil Presiden dan gubernur Sumatra.Anak dan Isteri Gubernur Sumatra dan seluruh barang-barang yang ada dirumahnya terpaksa ditinggal di siantar,tidak cukuk waktu lagi untuk mengurusnya,diserahkan saja kepada Allah SWT.

Rombongan hanya menunggu kedatangan Gubernur Muda Mr.SM.Amin,supaya dapat berangkat bersama, tetapi setalh menunggu berapa lama, ia tak kunjung datang,ternyata mobilnya belum kembali dari mengisi bahan bakar(BBM).

Rupanya kaki tangan NICA di siantar sudah mulai memainkan peranannya,. Oleh karena waktu sudah menunjukkan jam dua siang(PM) maka Guernur Sumatra mengambil keputusan untuk bernagkat ke Brastagi,sedang Mr SM Amin bisa menyusul kemudian.

 Berangkat dengan bvuru-buru ke Brastagi perlu duilakukan untuk mencehag Wakil Presiden ditangkap oleh tentara Belanda,ternyata kemudian bahwa tentara belanda masuk kota Pematang siantar kira-kira 45 menit setlah rombongan Wakil Presiden Moh.Hatta berangkat,rombongan selamat sampai di Brastagi sore hari.

Gubernur Muda SM AMIn yang masih tinggal di Pematang siantar waktu tentara Belanda masuk kota,diminta datang kekantor belanda untuk diperiksa.

Source : ex Gubernur Muda Mr.SM.Amin(dalam bukunya)

(2)The July 1947,

 

HUa Ning Tsing Nien Hui bewij van Lichmaatschap tevens contributiekaat(Chinese overseas Contrubution Card)

In July 1947

the Dutch launched a military offensive to reinforce their urban bases and to intensify their attacks on guerrilla strongholds. The offensive was, however, put to end by the signing of the Renville Agreement on January 17, 1948. The negotiation was initiated by India and Australia and took place under the auspices of the UN Security Council.

It was during these critical moments that the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) stabbed the newly- proclaimed Republic of Indonesia in the back by declaring the formation of the “Indonesian People’s Republic” in Madiun, East Java. Muso led an attempt to overthrow the Government, but this was quickly stamped out and he was killed.

 

 

 

July,1st.1947

 

the very rare Dai Nippon Java 5 sen used with added  repoeblik Indonesia 17.8.45 anniversary bull stamps,cds Poerwokerto  send to Kebumen central java.

 

 

The extreme rare,Postal used cover with overprint Soekarno stamps, and Fi,- overprint  independe fund Sumatra stamps send from CDS Maninjau (west suamtra,near lake) to Bukittinggi

 

July,2nd.1947

The unpaid Gasoline(bensin) five liter to Bengkel Rahman  from medan area command tanjong morawa.sign with official stamped.which never paid until the owner died.J

July,2nd 1947

 

The   Indonesian University  Batavia(Jakarta) announcement in news paper

to aacept the new student in 1947 Of Technic Faculty Surabaia(now ITS) and

 

THS Bandoeng(now ITB),

Medical faculty Jakarta(now FKUI) and Surabaya(FKAirlangga),also Economy and Law faculty with Collage fee 300 guilder per year  sign by the president of University Prof Dr A.A.Cense  in dutch language.(dutch NICA area)

 

July,3rd,1947

the rare Medreka News paper in fo today:

HATTA KAMPUNG VISITING PAGE

Bukittinggi, 1 July 1947

.Kemarinrombongan Moh.Hatta vice president accompanied by rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra that now exists in New York City went to Loeboek aloeng 30 miles of desert. On the ground the vice president, Mr. Soerjo former governor of East Java and host Soepardo a speech in a rally which was held on that day. on his way home, the group stopped at the school who headed the INS kayoe Plant Moh lord, Syafei. Today Vice President headed back home and tomorrow he will go on to a new feed to Riau.

ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL KANINET

At 23:15 hours jogia 2-6.47 date night, President telang issued orders to Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr. AK Gani and Drs Setiadjid to form a Cabinet that is responsible and the national character. The formation of this cabinet must have been completed and has diserakan to the President on July 3 before 12 noon.

80% OF THE FIXED REPOEBLIKEIN NIT

Mr. Noor Tadjuddin former chairman of the State of East Indonesia’s parliament is now in solo explain bahma intent after his arrival in Java is no longer served as chairman of the parliament will see the NIT is the political situation here, especially pemb icaraan will also hold the leaders of the republic of Indonesia’s independence struggle Indonesia. He also explained that the position of cabinet Nadjamoedin would soon collapse if it is not getting any help from the dutch again. In general, people in the NIT really Repoeblikein, at least 80 percent among people who love republic, feeling too happy and willing to “adanya tantangan” Sjahrir to the Dutch prime minister to hold a plebiscite. regarding the status of Papua, mr Tadhuddin explained that according to information obtained from the van Mook, Papua has not been able to actually enter the NIT and will still be subject to the people of Papua, but later of course, also enter part of the union Indonesa Negra.

Permit DIRECTLY TO CHINA TO gwan Mr Tan Po

According to the announcement of the Ministry of State Urusanan Peranakkan begun on 17 July 1947, permission to go to Jakarta for the Chinese to inland areas on the way back to China, no longer maintained by lkementerian abroad through the medium of the interior ministry but by the Ministry of State for Peranakan (Mr Tan Po Gwan)

ADVERTISING SEREKAT theatrical ARTISTS

demonstrates:

“Shadows Fadjar Time”

Celebrating Artists Congress.

With the leading artist of the theater yanr: Sofiah, Sukarno, Oedjang, Moestadjab, Goddess Reni, Ismail and others

original info;

HATTA MENGUNJUNGI KAMPUNG HALAMAN

Bukittinggi,1 juli 1947.Kemarinrombongan Wakil presiden Moh.Hatta diiringi oleh rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra yang sekarang ada di bukittinggi berangkat ke Loeboek aloeng 30 km dari padang. Ditempat itu wakil Presiden  ,Tuan soerjo bekas gubernur Jawa Timur dan tuan Soepardo mengadakan pidato dalam rapat raksasa yang dilangsungkan pada hari itu. dalam perjalanannya pulang ,rombongan singgah di sekolah INS kayoe Tanam yang dikepalai tuan Moh,Syafei. hari ini Wakil Presiden menuju kampung halaman beliau dan besok akan meneruskan perjalanan ke Pakan baru menuju Riau.

PERINTAH PRESIDEN PEMBENTUKAN KANINET NASIONAL

Di jogia tanggal 2-6.47 jam 23.15 malam, Presiden telang mengeluarkan perintah kepada Mr Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr A.K. Gani dan Drs Setiadjid untuk membentuk Kabinet yang bertanggung jawab dan bersifat nasional. Pembentukan kabinet ini harus telah selesai dan telah diserakan kepada Presiden pada tanggal 3 Juli sebelum jam 12 siang.

80 %  RAKYAT NIT TETAP REPOEBLIKEIN

Mr Tadjuddin noor bekas ketua parlemen Negara Indonesia Timur yang kini berada di solo menerangkan bahma maksud kedatangannya di jawa sesudah tidak lagi menjabat ketua parlemen NIT ialah akan melihat situasi politik disini,terutama juga akan mengadakan pemb icaraan dengan pemimpin repoeblik Indonesia tentang hal yang mengenai perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Ia juga menerangkan bahwa kedudukan kabinet Nadjamoedin akan segera runtuh jika sudah tidak mendapat bantuan dari belanda lagi. Dalam umumnya rakyat di NIT sungguh-sungguh Repoeblikein, paling sedikit 80 persen diantara rakyat yang mencinta Repoeblik, mera juga merasa senang dan bersedia dengan adanyatantanga perdana Menteri Sjahrir kepada belanda untuk mengadakan plebisit. mengenai status Papua, mr Tadhuddin menerangkan,bahwa menurut keterangan yang didapat dari van Mook, sesungguhnya Papua belum dapat masuk bagian nIT dan masih akan diadakan peninjauan kepada rakyat papua, tetapi kelak sudah barang tentu masuk juga bagian dari Negra Indonesa serikat.

PERMIT KE TIONGKOK LANGSUNG KEPADA Mr Tan Po gwan

Menurut pengumuman Kementerian negara Urusanan Peranakkan muali tanggal 17 juli 1947 , izin pergi ke jakarta bagi orang tionghoa untuk didaerah pedalaman dalam perjalanan pulang ke Tiongkok ,tidak lagi diurus oleh lkementerian luar negeri dengan perantaraan kementerian dalam negeri tetapi oleh Kementerian Negara Urusan Peranakan(Mr Tan Po Gwan)

IKLAN SEREKAT ARTIS  SANDIWARAmempertunjukan“Bayangan Waktu Fadjar”Merayakan kongres Artis.Dengan artis dari sandiwara yang terkemuka : Sofiah,Soekarno, Oedjang,Moestadjab,Dewi Reni,

 

Smar Ismail dan lain-lain.

July,4th.1947

 

The rare legalized documen by the PTT chief Bukittingi with repoeblik Indonesia revenue 3 x f.25.

 

July,5th.1947

 

1947, Bedarfs-Dienstbrief aus “BATOE RADJA 5.7.47” auf Aufdruckprovisorium F 2,50 auf 40 Sen, rs. Dienststempel “TJABANG G.P.I.I. BATOERADJA”, Faltung und Beförderungsspuren, ungewöhnlicher Beleg

The rare Malang Post magazine no.17 cover with information.”Boemi Hangus”

The rare No.17 Malang Post magazine cover with information. “Boemi Scorched”

original info

scorched Earth

one tactic (tactic) the war’s most feared enemy of political aladah “Scorched Earth”. with musnahnya vital to maintain a building area occupied, then the enemy wins despite losing his standing in hahekatnya easily overthrown by the defeated parties. But thiswar  tactic  can creates a feeling of disappointment on the part of his property destroyed, if destruction is not based on calculations of the sacred. For example the houses burned down after the house in the stretcher out by the burner, while the owner was almost not able to bring nothing but the clothes stick to hid body ,in everything there is a human who uses every opportunity to gain advantage for themselves (in the Java language support Aji While his name). slogan of the sacred, even the religion that is light has a higher purpose is often reversed for keu ntungan a class of people who put aside any feelings of justice and humanity .. dpat origin enrich themselves for the loss of others, people willingly sacrifice everything, even his soul , but the generosity of the people must not be wasted with the fraudulent guise for “Nusa and Nation”. if you want to let us all out with an all-out and do the people who so roedin (poor destitute), and the leaders so rich with goods serobotan (earth lift). Therefore in doing politics “Scorched Earth” from any nation, should use wisdom and sense of social justice which is not only good in words alone, but in practice it is also good.

DJAKARTA at night

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Chinese and Indonesian Bankers are open “His bank office ‘(money changer) and the court Pantjoran diemperan each with a stack of paper money is green, yellow, red, black from various countries, nations and prices. Throughout the (entire) day scalper money (doeit (this hanging (sitting) behind the small table waiting for people from the countryside to exchange money for ORI with NICA money or exchange money sebaliknya.Orang own Betawi NICA with white money (ORI) for spending on land-Abang or markets, where money White still has value as in the hinterland, eg the post office, the electric tram and crate fire listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur money, there is a misnomer because the People’s Bank, is the government of the Republic sendiripu n bandwagon ORI values ​​dropping like according to a news SOERA Oemoem rtanggal 9 June 1948, Kour (value) ORI, each Rp.100, – set by the bank people just f 33 .- more sedikit.Sedangkan Mr. Dasad declared the most meritorious devalued the ORI is some loss of the nationalist government of the Republic sendiri.untung a blessing so, if not accused of kai-hand NICA.

Prinsen PARK

Jkarta residents and also people who dtang from elsewhere to satisfy his sights on a movie theater and Prinsen Park (now candra Naya) that seemed to open a night market continues to be liberally menerus.Penerangan (excess) once, here people can play tambola ( prodded the ball) is served by nona nona “japanese heritage”. In addition to satisfy the eyes, ears satisfy also the voice of Miss Irah, champion (champion) Djali-Muguet Djali of the famous orchestra. For people who love to play, can also select “Miss Noni” or “Miss Tjitjih”. Prinsen Park is an international park of Indonesia without a cap, can dance with the ladies sweet, to have gout (Isakit waist) can be recurrent because nyangking ( hug) sweet lady, slim and get got in djoebin (floor tiles) are shiny.

NORBEK AND GANG Hauber

Noorwijk called brother betawi Norbek to date into the army plesiran belanda.Disini half-hidden. ads a restaurant and dance halls, where Dutch troops were spree Spree until 10 pm through the following day because they are like sheep being led up the truck back to tangsinya. Although children are allowed spree barracks, there is a place for them is telarang Hauber Gang which became a nest “koetilanak” (moll-alias WTS), here the frequent fights and disease and gonorrhea aka lion king (gonoroe aias GO)

MORNING MARKET

Actual picture Pantjoran described no longer exist due to start on 25 May 1947 following haberdashery merchants Bankiet (money changer) has been moved to the morning market is located adjacent to Pantjoran. In the morning there was no tontonan  market, there is no prostitution, tetapimyang there are dozens of food stalls.

The book illustration of Djakarta or batavia (ibid winkler,1948)

 

 

 

WEDDING ADVERTISING

May the Grace of God God’s grace borne along on:

BOENG Tomo (Soetomo)

with

P I. SOELISTINA

Marriage Held Thursday yng Paing June 19, 1947 in Malang

The Family Post unfortunate.

original info

 

BUMI HANGUS

salah satu siasat(taktik) perang yang paling ditakuti musuh aladah politik “Bumi Hangus”. dengan musnanya suatu bangunan vital untuk mempertahankan daerah yang diduduki musuh, maka musuh meskipun menang pada hahekatnya kalah karena kedudukannya mudah digulingkan oleh fihak yang dikalahkan. Tetapi siasat perang ini dpat menimbulkan rasa kecewa pada pihak yang miliknya dimusnahkan, bila pemusnahan  itu tidak berdasarkan atas perhitungan yang suci. Umpamanya rumah penduduk dibakar habis sesudah isi rumah di usung keluar oleh si pembakar,sedangkan pemilik barang itu hampir tidak dapat membawa apa-apa selain pakaian yang menempel pada badannya.Dalam segala hal memang ada manusia yang mengunakan segala kesempatan  untuk mendapat keuntungan bagi diri sendiri(dalam bahsa jawa Aji Mumpung namanya). sembojan yang suci,bahkan agama yang sudah terang mempunyai tujuan yang tinggi seringkali diputar balik untuk keu ntungan segolongan orang yang menyampingkan segala perasaan adil dan kemanusiaan..asal dpat memperkaya diri sendiri buat kerugian pihak lain, rakyat suka rela mengorbankan segala apa,bahkan jiwanyanya, tetapi kemuliaan hati rakyat janganlah disia-siakan  dengan perbuatan curang yang berkedok untuk”Nusa dan Bangsa”.kalau mau habis-habisan marilah kita bersama habis-habisan dan janganlah rakyat yang jadi roedin(miskin melarat),dan para pemimpin jadi kaya dengan barang serobotan(bumi angkat). Oleh karena itu dalam menjalankan politik “bumi Hangus” dari bangsa apa saja,hendaklah digunakan kebijaksanaan dan perasaan keadilan sosial yang bukan hanya bagus dalam kata-kata saja,tetapi juga bagus dalam mempraktekannya.

DJAKARTA DIWAKTU MALAM

 

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Bankers Tionghoa dan indonesia yang membuka”kantor Banknya’(money changer)  diemperan dan pelataran Pantjoran masing-masing dengan tumpukan uang kertas hijau,kuning,merah,hitam dari bermacam-macam negara, bangsa dan harga. Sepanjang(seantero) hari tukang catut uang (doeit( ini nongkrong(duduk) dibelakang meja kecil menunggu orang dari pedalaman untuk menukar uang ORI dengan uang NICA atau sebaliknya.Orang Betawi sendiri tukar uang NICA dengan uang putih(ORI) untuk belanja di tanah-Abang atau pasar-pasar,dimana uang putih masih tetap mempunyai nilai seperti di pedalaman,umpamanya dikantor pos, dalam tram listrik dan kerat api listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur uang , ada keliru karena Bank Rakyat, ialah Pemerintah Repoeblik sendiripu n ikut-ikutan menjatuhkan nilai ORI seperti menurut berita SOERA OEMOEM tanggal 9 juni 1948, kour(nilai) ORI, tiap Rp.100,- ditetapkan oleh bank rakyat hanya f 33.- lebih sedikit.Sedangkan Tuan Dasad menyatakan  yang paling berjasa menjatuhkan nilai ORI adalah beberapa badan pemerintah repoeblik sendiri.untung satu nasionalis yang berkat begitu,kalau tidak bisa dituduh kai-tangan NICA.

PRINSEN PARK

Penduduk jakarta dan juga orang yang datang dari lain tempat bisa memuaskan pemandangan matanya di gedung bioskop dan  prinsen Park(sekarang candra Naya) yang seolah-olah buka pasar malam terus menerus.Penerangan diatur secara royal(berlebihan) sekali, disini orang bisa main tambola (bola sodok) dilayani oleh nona nona “warisan jepang” .Selain puaskan mata ,juga puaskan telingga dengan suaranya Miss Irah,kampiun(juara) Djali-djali dari Muguet Orkes yang terkenal. Buat orang yang suka sandiwara ,juga bisa pilih “Miss Noni” atau “Miss Tjitjih”.Prinsen Park adalah park international orang Indonesia tanpa Peci,bisa dansa dengan nona-nona manis, sampai yang punya encok(Isakit pinggang)  bisa kumat karena nyangking(memeluk) nona manis yang langsing dan get got di djoebin (lantai tegel) yang mengkilap.

NORBEK DAN GANG HAUBER

Noorwijk disebut abang betawi Norbek sampai saat ini menjadi tempat plesiran tentara belanda.Disini setengah tersembunyi. ads sebuah restaurant dan tempat dansa,dimana tentara Belanda ber foya-foya sampai jam 10 malam karena liwat jam tersebut  mereka seperti domba digiring naik truk pulang ke tangsinya. Meskipun anak-anak tangsi ini boleh plesir, ada suatu tempat yang telarang buat mereka yaitu Gang Hauber yang menjadi sarang “koetilanak”(wanita pelacur-alias WTS),disini sering terjadi perkelahian dan sarang penyakit raja singa alias kencing nanah(gonoroe aias GO)

PASAR PAGI

Sebenarnya gambaran Pantjoran yang diceritakan sudah tidak ada lagi karena mulai tanggal 25 mei 1947 pedagang barang kelontong berikut Bankiet (money changer) sudah pindah ke Pasar pagi yang letaknya berdekatan dengan Pantjoran. Di pasar Pagi tidak ada tontona,juga tidak ada pelacuran, tetapimyang ada berpuluh-puluh warung makan.

IKLAN PERNIKAHAN

Semoga Rahmat  kurnia Tuhan Allah senatiasa beserta kepada:

BOENG TOMO (Soetomo)

dengan

P I. SOELISTINA

Yang Pernikahannya Dilangsungkan hari kamis Paing 19 Juni 1947 di Malang

Para Keluarga malang Post.

July.6th.47

The repoeblik Indonesia Padang pandjang west sumatra Income tax document(kartjis Padjak Penghasilan negeri) 1946 was paid at post office

July,6th.1947

The Repoeblik Indonesia Income tax used Dai nippon Kartjis Padjak T form, paid at Padang Panjang in this day

 

 

July,7th.1947

The rare TRI-Republibc Indonesia Army picture postcard used send from Mataram (the name of Indonesian south java sector army )to BlitarJuly 8TH.1947

 

Sjarifuddin government makes conciliatory offer to Dutch: Republic of Indonesia will stop seeking international recognition; Netherlands officials can take government positions in the Republic.

The rare postally used cover with new value overprint sukarno stamp Sumatra and Sumatra independence fund,send from pematang siantar to bukittinggi.

 

 

 

July,8th.1947

the rare Repoeblic Indonesia Aceh are railway ‘s chief with the officila stamped “Kerata api NRI” .lettre asking to Justice court Lhoseumawe about train condecteur justice case at Lhokseumawe.

July,17th,1947

The rare Machine overprint on japanese occupation revenue  F1, and F2. (3x) ,postally used on cover cds tandjongradja 14.7,47  to talangkar,cover return to sender.

 

July 20th.1947.

But, on 20 July 1947 –

in the face of world opinion – the Dutch launched their first so-called police action, an attack on Republican territory, to restore the colonial status quo ante. As the military situation see-sawed, in July 1948, a new agreement called the Renville Agreement was brokered with the Hatta cabinet on a US warship of the same name. More or less, the Republic accepted terms under which it was surrounded by Dutch forces. The mass-based PNI or Indonesian Nationalist Party, Masjumi, and the Tan Malaka faction rejected this deal

 

The intersting and historic note of mr Soewil the Padang Postman,on Dai nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cenrt with double overprint repoblik Indonesia 15 sen and F0,50,

1. 20/7/1947  Walikota padang ditembak(the Padang city major was shooted, and his body haveautopsion by Dr.A.rahim Oesman,the Dutch trops said that  he was killed by extrimies(now his name becaome the name of road in Padang),

 

2.21/7-1947. Kantor pos padang diduduki belanda(Padang post office occupied by Dutch)

 

3.17 agustus 1947.at Padang post office ,japanese and dutch stamps had overprint Rep:Indonesia (dikantor pos padang frc2Japan dan belanda di Tjap Rep.Indonesia)

 

Another rare soematra repoblic card,unused with Bigger type overprin repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen type, found at sawahlunto, at the back pencil written from”Kilang Tebu Rakyat I.W. Tigo Bagai. written in Indonesia :

 

DIHARAPKAN UNTUK MENTJAPAI KEAMANAN

DIMINTAK KEPADA JANG BERWADJIB SUPAJA KESALAHAN TUAN I.SEDJATI JANG MENDJUAL GULA PASIR SUPAJA MENDJADI PERHATIAN KALAU URANG LAIN DISELIDIKI BETULKAH DIA NICA APA TIDAK,SUDAH SEPANTASNJA DIA DITAHAN DALM KAMAR KEINSJAFAN UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI DJIWANJA KARENA OTOMATIS PEKERDJAANNJA TELAH MENJAMAI NICA JG MERUSAKKAN EKONOMI RAKYJAT.SEKIRANJA DIBIARKAN MUNGKIN MUNGKIN KEMAUANJA TERGANGGU”(THIS WAS THE BLACMAIL LETTER ,IN iNDONESIAN CALLED SURAT KALENG)

HOW INTERSTING HISTORIC AND POSTAL HISTORY  (COLLECTIONS.COURTECY Dr Iwan).

(the historic collections,courtecy dr Iwan suwandy).

Illustration of Kol.A.H. Nasoetion during actie politioneel pertama july 1947

 

illustrationKasman Singodimejo

 

,wongsonegoro,

 

Illustration of Mr Moh roem  at Tebing Tinggi east sumatra near politional action 1 july 1947

 

illustration of  Mr.Maria Ulfah Santoso , social menistry  also at tebing tinggi

 

illustration of the national heros from medan Are commad tanjongmorawa near Medan:Abdul manaf lubis,Selamat Ketaren,Ahmad syamsir and Moh.Yakub Lubis (read the storu of Medan area)

 

west sumatra police hero Police Commisaris johnny anwar cs picture in 1947

 

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with us

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors.

 Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.

Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years.

In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

 

 

 

 

Surabaya, Indonesia :

 Dutch marines pull a bridge near Surabaya. The bridge was the Corps built in 48 hours. ANPFOTO / ANP.09/09/1946


Dutch marines wading their troop transport to the coast of Pasir Poetih at the beginning of the first police action, East Java, Indonesia, July 21, 1947.



pasukan Belanda mendarat Pasir Poetih, seratus kilometer sebelah timur Probolinggo (Jawa, Indonesia) pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,


DUTCH POLITIONEEL ACTION I

first Dutch “police action”: Dutch troops occupy West Java, East Java, Madura, Semarang, Medan, Palembang, Padang, bomb many cities.

July,21th.1947

 

Agresi Militer Belanda I

 

 

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

Belanda melancarkan Agresi Militer dan mulai merebut tempat-tempat penting yang ada di Jawa dan Sumatera, karena dua tempat ini adalah yang secara de facto diakui sebagai wilayah RI.

 Adanya Agresi Militer ini menyebabkan terganggunya keamanan sehingga Polisi RI juga dikerahkan di garis depan untuk menjaga keamanan dan ketertiban masyarakat.

nda. Fungsi ketentaraan ini dijalankan oleh Korps Mobile Brigade yang membantu perjuangan tentara melawan agresi Belanda.

Perlawan terhadap Agresi Militer I di Daerah-daerah

Sumatera Timur

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

 pasukan Belanda menyerang kedudukan pasukan RI di Medan Barat dan Medan Utara.

Parapat
Pasukan Mobbrig Resimen I Brigade XI yang dipimpin Mayor Kadiran juga turut berjuang di Parapat untuk menahan laju pasukan Belanda yang akan menuju Tapanuli. Di Parapat pasukan Mobbrig bahu membahu bersama penduduk setempat untuk membuat halang-rintang untuk menyulitkan gerak maju pasukan musuh. Namun dalam pertempuran pasukan MB mengalami kekalahan karena persenjataan Belanda yang lebih lengkap.

Palembang
Dalam rangka menahan pasukan Belanda masuk lebih jauh ke dalam Palembang pasukan Mobbrig melakukan perlawanan di daerah Modong. Pada pertempuran tersebut pasukan Mobbrig berhasil membakar sebuah kapal Belanda, namun tentara Belanda berhasil menghancurkan kantor Polisi Modong.

Jawa Barat
Jawa Barat merupakan salah satu wilayah yang banyak terjadi pertempuran pada saat Agresi Belanda I. Beberapa daerah yang menjadi medan pertempuran diantaranya Karawang, Cirebon, Indramayu, Sukabumi, Bandung Utara, dan Bandung Selatan. Pada setiap pertempuran pasukan Polisi selalu turut berjuang melawan tentarasampai titik darah penghabisan.

Jawa Tengah
Jawa Tengah tidak luput dari incaran serangan pasukan Belanda, beberapa daerah yang menjadi incaran belanda diantaranya Pekalongan dan Banyumas. Pada penyerangan ini Belanda berhasil menekan pasukan Polisi namun mereka tidak gentar, bersama para pemuda setempat mereka terus melakukan perlawanan dengan sengit dan pantang menyerah.

Jawa Timur
Jawa Timur juga menjadi area pertempuran yang sengit antara pasukan Belanda dengan pejuang RI. Beberapa daerah yang menjadi medan pertempuran diantaranya Malang, Mojokerto, Madura, dan Bondowoso. Pasukan Polisi kembali mengadakan perlawanan sepeti di daerah lainnya dengan persenjataan seadanya namun bersama dengan pemuda setempat mereka terus melakukan perlawanan terhadap agresi Belanda.

Pembentukan Polisi Keamanan (PK)
Setelah perundingan Renville, dibentuklah satuan Polisi Keamanan yang berfungsi untuk menjaga keamanan di sepanjang garis demarkasi. Beberapa tugas mereka adalah :

  • mencegah masuknya mata-mata musuh ke daerah RI
  • mencegah adanya bahan-bahan makanan dan ternak ke daerah musuh
  • membasmi kejahatan dalam bentuk perampokan di sekitar daerah status quo karena sering dimanfaatkan
  • mengawal para pembesar RI dan KTN yang hendak meninjau keadaan di sekitar status quo.
  • perampok untuk melakukan kejahat an di daerah RI

 

 

(a)The Republic indonesia’menistry who stayed at Jakarta, Vice Prime Menistry Dr A.K. Gani protest the Dutch  action(tindakaan yang tidak senonoh , and the Dutch “menusir” the Republic Indonesia Leader at Jakarta ,included the Major(Walikota) Suewirjo.

(b)On July,21th.1947

On this day, Dutch aeroplane”Mustang”  boombing Binjei with the land army attack with tank ,also Infantry soldiers with many trucks which made all the medan area sector were attack. At the afternoon Pancur Batu occupied by Dutch.

(c) July,21th.1947

The position of Chief of Police City of Padang Challenging encounter resistance to Dutch rule with his minions can last up to the launch by the Dutch Military Aggression I (21-7-1947). Military action Holland around Padang I was preceded by the arrest of officials of the Republic of Indonesia (civil servants and police), including Police Commissioner Johny Anwar II. Since the start of the Dutch Military Aggression I launched, civil servants and police officers WHO left the Republicans in the city of Padang and moved to areas outside the city of Indonesia. Official hours of date

The dutch version

Events leading to the ‘Police Actions’
The Netherlands did not recognise the declaration of Indonesian independence after the Japanese surrender in the Pacific, and together with British forces succeeding in fully reoccupying all constituent islands except Java and Sumatra, on which there were continuing skirmishes between Dutch and Republican troops. Eventually a ceasefire was declared and negotiations took place leading to a political accord in the Agreement of Linggadjati

Police actions.

The police actions (Dutch: politionele acties), known in Indonesia asAgresi Militer Belanda (Dutch Military Aggression), were the two military operations that the Netherlands undertook on Java and Sumatra against the Republic of Indonesia to reestablish colonial rule after World War II. The first operation took place from July 21 until August 5, 1947,

 

First Police Action (Operatie Product)
Dutch Military Action I
The first ‘police action’ took place following Dutch assertions that Indonesia cooperated insufficiently in the implementation of the Agreement, which had been ratified on March 25, 1947 by the lower chamber of the Dutch parliament

Operatie Product, set up by General Simon Spoor, was supposed to lead to the occupation of the economically important areas in West and East Java, leaving Yogyakarta, seat of the Republican government, alone because of the high costs that the fighting was expected to incur. ‘

This operation actually did result in the occupation of large parts of Java and Sumatra, since the Republican army (TNI) offered only weak resistance. Nevertheless, the TNI and its allies continued to conduct guerilla operations in Dutch-controlled territory.

.

July,22th.1947

Hari berikutnya 22 juli 1947

, Belanda berhasil menembus ke Medan Timur. Belanda juga berhasil menduduki Tebing-tinggi dan Pematang Siantar. Pasukan Mobbrig terpaksa mundur karena kalah persenjataan namun mereka melakukan serangan balasan ke Pematang Siantar bersama pasukan TNI dan laskar-laskar perjuangan

Action by the Dutch invasion began on 22 July 1947 with simultaneous in all fronts, both in east and south, and west and north, seranggan done secra massive and orderly, so that for several time, the defense can be penetrated Indonesian republic. Pancur important place like stone, Binjei, Stabat fall into the hands Netherlands. with disappointment it must be admitted, that the Indonesian republic defense organization in this area has not quite perfect, this is already an estimated two or three days before the Dutch invaded. Front relationships with other fronts less than perfect, cooperation among lasjkar, Soldiers and members of the Government is not satisfactory. Gained the impression, every front act ats will and their own way both in lasjkar as well as by the army. Unity of command is long before the invasion of the Netherlands has been designed and the ideals of the people there. For the umpteenth time, it turns out, that victory will not be obtained because there is no unity among those responsible, is also undeniable, that preformance maintain Timoer Sumatra Regional republic, there have been actions that can not be held responsible, as practiced by some members Lasjkar People who participate in regional memeprtahankan Indonesian republic. Instructions issued regarding the implementation of Scorched Earth is not obeyed, the streets are important for transportation, as well as the bridges are not destroyed. In contrast, other objects that must be maintained properly destroyed instead finished. this led to the Dutch Army can be easily launched its attack quickly to pedalaman.Sedangkan can be expected, that their attacks will not be able to make progress. if the instructions on the scorched earth policy carried out by sempurna.Pemusnahan occurring, especially in shops and goods belonging Chinese, while the instruction on scorched earth and the soul requires to mepertahankan’s residents, both native and asing.Pemusnahan nation without the right reasons, such as property tionghoa population is detrimental to foreign countries in view of (SMAmin, My Life Journey ten windhu, PT Crescent Star .Jakarta, 1987)

original info:

Aksi penyerbuan oleh  Belanda dimulai pada 22 juli 1947 dengan serentak diseluruh front, baik di timur dan selatan, maupun di barat dan utara, seranggan dilakukan secra besar-besaran dan teratur, sehingga dalam bebrapa waktu saja ,pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia  dapat ditembus. tempat yang penting seperti Pancur batu,Binjei,Stabat jatuh ketangan Belanda. dengan kecewa  harus diakui,bahwa organisasi pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia di area ini  belum cukup sempurna, hal ini sudah diperkirakan dua atau tiga hari sebelum Belanda menyerbu. Hubungan satu Front dengan front lainnya kurang sempurna, kerjasama antar lasjkar ,Tentara dan anggota  Pemerintah tidak memuaskan . Diperoleh kesan,tiap front bertindak atas kemauan dan caranya sendiri-sendiri baik di lasjkar maupun oleh tentara. Persatuan komando yang lama sebelum penyerbuan  Belanda telah dirancang  dan menjadi cita-cita rakyat tidak ada. Untuk kesekian kalinya ternyata, bahwa  kemenangan tidak akan diperoleh karena persatuan tidak terdapat diantara mereka yang bertanggung jawab, Tidak pula dapat disangkal, bahwa dalm mempertahankan Daerah Repoeblik Sumatera Timoer, telah terjadi tindakan-tindakan yang tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkan,seperti yang dilakukan oleh beberapa anggota Lasjkar Rakyat yang ikut serta dalam memeprtahankan daerah Repoeblik Indonesia. Instruksi yang dikeluarkan mengenai pelaksanaan Bumi Hangus tidak dipatuhi, jalan-jalan yang penting bagi perhubungan, demikian juga jembatan-jembatan tidak dimusnahkan. Sebaliknya,obyek-obyek lain yang harus dipelihara dengan baik malah habis dimusnahkan . hal ini menyebabkan Tentara Belanda dapat dengan mudah melancarkan serangannya dengan cepat ke pedalaman.Sedangkan dapat diperkirakan, bahwa serangan mereka itu tidak akan dapat memperoleh kemajuan .apabila instruksi mengenai bumi hangus dilaksanakan dengan sempurna.Pemusnahan yang terjadi, terutama pada Toko-toko dan Barang milik orang Tionghoa, sedangkan instruksi mengenai bumi hangus mewajibkan untuk mepertahankan jiwa dan milik penduduk,baik asli maupun bangsa asing.Pemusnahan tanpa alasan yang benar,seperti harta milik penduduk tionghoa ini merugikan Negara dalam pandangan luar negeri(S.M.Amin,Perjalanan Hidupku sepuluh windu, PT Bulan Bintang.Jakarta,1987

July,23th.1947

 

the original document of Ketua dewan Pertahanan Daerah aceh  T.T.Moh.Faoedsjah ,for salina G.siahaan, about”PENDJELASAN TENTANG PERATORAN DEWAN PERTAHANAN NEGARA NO.19″ (The state Pertahanan Board Regulation no 19,this collection found at beure

 

 

 

 

un from Dr iwan’s friend at Blang Bladeh.)

July 24th.1947

20,000 march in anti-war demonstration in Amsterdam.

July,26th.1947

The next new issue was dated 26 July 1947, and consisted of ½, 2½, 25, 50, 100, and 250 rupiah notes.

July,27th.1947

Police actions and the transfer of sovereignty

Diametrically opposed
After the Japanese surrender, the Dutch hoped for a return to the pre-war situation. The nationalists were seeking recognition of the Indonesian Republic. Both parties were diametrically opposed to each other. The British liberators demanded that the Dutch negotiate with the nationalists. But the negotiations were difficult. The Netherlands refused to recognise a fully independent Indonesia.

‘Restore calm and order’
The Netherlands expanded its armed forces in Indonesia with volunteers and conscripts from the Netherlands. On 20 July 1947, Dutch troops entered Republican territory to ‘restore calm and order’.

 

. There was heavy fighting, in which thousands of Dutch people and tens of thousands of Indonesians were killed.

 

 

(a) The rare and historic Markas Pertempoeran Komado Medan are travel Pass from  Tandjong,morawa to tebing Tinggi for Mr Bachroem driver of Medan area Head quater to pick the belongins to Tebing tinggi with note:diminta kepada segala badan2 Pemerintah serta segenap lapisan dan golongan Rakjat Indonesi ,soepaja diberi bantoean sepenoeh2nja dimana perloe dan perdjalannja jangan dihalangi”(asking help from the govewumment and people)

 

(b)On July,27th.1947 o6.00 in the morning(AM) with the landing ship tank ,the Dutch army  from Palembang landing at Pantai cermin to attack Medan Area from behind.The Indonesian Navy armed forced at Pantai cermin and Tanjung Beringin lead by Leutenan G.Z.Marpaung cannot suncced to counter the Dutch attack and fle with other another army and “Membumi Hangus” Perbaungan city, and after conquer Medan Area, the Dutch armed forces attack Tebng Tinggi and Pematang siantar.

. Dutch Military action I (the first Indonesia War of Independence )at Kuala Tungkal Jambi

On July 27, 1947 the Dutch launched Military Action First, many big cities in Java and Sumatra, is attacked and occupied. Unlike other cities in jambi not directly repetition on a large scale attack, but the Dutch further enhance its economic blockade and psychological warfare that had begun before the First Military Action. Thus, only Jambi in Sumatra and Aceh are not attacked the Dutch in the first military action.

Dutch did not attack Jambi massively since it is estimated that Edinburgh has a full arsenal imported from abroad, because at that time had mamur jambi, the results of barternya trade with Singapore has heavy weapons such as cannons Anti Air Craft (AAC), Machine Gun 12 , 7 in addition to senajata-light weapons.

Jambi communicated waters with the outside world such as Kuala Enok, Kuala Tungkal, Sea Village guarded by Dutch warships. Merchant ships passing through the inspection, which brought goods seized and persons arrested suspected

July 29th.1947.

(a)Indonesian forces launch bombing raids on Semarang, Ambarawa and Salatiga with three surviving planes. The Dutch had previously claimed to have destroyed the entire Air Force

(b)On Wednesday July 29, 1947, a week after the attack by the Dutch started, received official news of his fall the hands of the Dutch town of High Cliff. This news received at the inn Vice President Moh.hatta in Siantar, when he had arrived there preformance framework of its journey around the entire Sumatra.  this bad info, as was first calculated, received by the vice president when he was with Governor Young at the  North Sumatra hotel , and other high official, with calm  he decide to do immediate evacuation immediately. Vice President with the Governor of Sumatra Mr. Mohammad Hasan Justin can get out of town Siantar safely, as well as a number of other authorities, such as Dr. Sunaryo, only vehicles were targeted shot from above so that the fire, lucky fate, Dr. Sunaryo can save himself. SM.AMIN cannot out from Kota Pematang siantar, when the his every day belongings(pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari ) put in the car which bring other goverment official(sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerintah), some aeroplane flying on the city(beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diatas kota Pematang siantar),  Yung Governor  S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city at upper  Siantar the Young Governor S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city diats Siantar . The shot returned from below, so there was a shootout with the exclamation, reply back that lasted nearly an hour lamanya.Maksud to leave the city can not be implemented. along with the atmosphere of a shootout with the aircraft, the sound of the Dutch tanks entered the town and shortly thereafter, the residence of the Governor of Sumatra, where the governor was Young SM Amin, has been besieged by the Dutch army, and they ordered the Governor Young SM Amin was taken to a place to examined. Tinfakan first conducted by the leader of the Dutch army against the population Siantar adalh mengiring each population of men who had grown a certain place for inspection. This examination is conducted in a manner that is not penganiayaaan, sec; laipun as kekecualiaan, some residents experiencing a treatment not wjar. Long-haired young man suffered a bad fate, they had to listen carefully to boil the words of criticism, ridicule and contempt poured upon them by the examiner of the Dutch army consisting of Indonesia, Ambon and Indonesia-jawa.After each Inspected examined, each of which has allowed to go home .

original info:

Pada hari rabu tanggal 29 Juli 1947, seminggu setelah penyerangan oleh belanda dimulai, diterima berita resmi tentang jatuh nya kota Tebing Tinggi ketangan Belanda. berita ini  diterima di tempat penginapan Wakil Presiden Moh.hatta di Pematang Siantar, saat beliau telah tiba disana dalm rangka perjalannya mengelilingi seluruh sumatra. Kabr buruk ini, seperti yang sudah terlebih dahulu diperhitungkan, diterima oleh wakil Presiden saat beliau berada dipenginapan bersama Gubernur Muda Sumatra Utara, dan beberapapembesar lainnya, dengan tena ng beliau memutuskan  agar segera dilakukan pengungsian saat itu juga. Wakil Presiden bersama Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hasan dapat keluar dari kota pematang siantar dengan selamat, demikian juga dengan sejumlah pembesar lain,seperti dr Sunaryo, hanya kendaraannya menjadi sasaran tembakan dari atas sehingga terbakar, mujur nasibnya ,dr sunaryo dapat menyelamatkan dirinya. Gubernur Muda S>M>AMIn tidak dapat lagi menyingkirkan diri keluar dari Kota Pematang siantar, pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerimntah, beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diats kota Pematang siantar. Tembakannya dibalas dari bawah, sehingga terjadilah tembak-menembak dengan seru,balas membalas yang berlangsung hampir satu jam lamanya.Maksud untuk meninggalkan kota tidak dapat dilaksanakan . seiring dengan suasana tembak-menembak dengan pesawat udara, terdengar suara tank Belanda memasuki kota dan tidak lama kemudian, rumah kediaman Gubernur Sumatra, dimana Gubernur Muda SM Amin berada,telah dikepung oleh tentara Belanda, dan mereka memerintahkan Gubernur Muda SM AMin dibawa kesuatu tempat untuk diperiksa. Tinfakan pertama yang dilakukan oleh pemimpin Tentara Belanda terhadap penduduk Pematang Siantar adalah mengiring setiap penduduk laki-laki yang sudah dewasa ketempat tertentu untuk diperiksa. Pemeriksaan ini dilakukan dengan cara yang tidak bersifat penganiayaaan , sekalipun sebagai kekecualiaan, beberapa penduduk mengalamai perlakuan tidak wjar. Pemuda yang berambut gondrong mengalami nasib buruk, mereka terpaksa mendengar dengan hati mendidih kata-kata kecaman,ejekan dan hinaan yang ditumpahkan atas mereka oleh pemeriksa dari tentara belanda yang terdiri dari Indonesia-ambon dan Indonesia-jawa.Selesai diperiksa, masing-masing yang telah diperiksa diijinkan pulang ke rumah masing-masing.

July 29, 1947

was date of the first air operation by the newborn air force as three surviving aircraft, comprising two Yokosuka K5Y1 Willow(Cureng) and a Mitsubishi Ki-51 Sonia (the fourth aircraft, a Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar (Hayabusha), should also have been involved in the raid, but as of when it was launched, the aircraft was not airworthy) conducted air raids at dawn on the Dutch Army barracks in Semarang, Salatiga and Ambarawa, dropping incendiary bombs.

Tactically, these raids did not have any effect on the Dutch positions, but psychologically, it was a great success as it proved that the Indonesian Air Force still existed

July 30th.1947

(a)Young students blow up a bridge at Bumiayu, preventing Dutch forces from taking Purwokerto.USA and Britain are unhappy with the “police action”; India, Australia, and the Soviet Union support the Republic of Indonesia in the UN. Refugees pour into Central Java. Australia boycotts Dutch shipping.

 

A Dutch vehicle fords a stream on Java, after the bridge has been blown up by Indonesian forces.


Republik Indonesia 100 Rupiah note, 1947.

(b) On July 30, 1947, the Netherlands held a meeting with the republican party (represented by the Governor of North Sumatra Young SM AMIN), while istansi Sumatra Governor has managed to rid himself, aided by the head of the Bureau and other t8inggi employees, while the Netherlands comes from Recomba Dr. JU. vd Velde, Gerritsen Resident, Chief Resident Nevis Forch and assisetn Schuyf.

At the end of the meeting, the Netherlands announced that Republican officials are not forbidden to continue working as usual. several days, after this meeting, for a small proportion of the republic pegaewai masik entering their workplace, as usual, they are apparently still has confidence in carrying out duties in the interest of DAPT Nusa and the nation. however, gradually kepervcayaan and this work will disappear. Dutch announcement then, that the Government of the republic no longer exists in the areas they had occupied and Republican officials are given the opportunity to choose one of two that work continues as the Dutch East Indies government employees or stopped. this is addressed by Republican officials ZKorps very satisfactory, with beebrapa unless they chose to stop in its entirety. Semangat people in general are also satisfactory, they still voted Republican and still be anti Belanda.Mereka NICA rejected payment with money and some are fighting a war with weapons outside the city. beturut few nights in a row since the army occupied the city belands Siantar, still ongoing eruption sound cannons and rifles pounding, a sign bahw arakyat in cooperation with the Army of the Republic, still menus nukkan loyalty to the republic.

In the beginning of the occupation of the Netherlands, for some time, the Regional Government of the Republic can still be acting independently of government actions. mas in this short period, the agency responsible still can take the following actions tindkan-greetings order to run pemerinrtahan:

(A) Establish an agency under the name “People’s advocates and agency officials” in order to provide cash assistance to every person who should be helped. Fonds this agency is that the money can still be saved from penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini began granting aid to the civil servants who were expelled from the house he lived and juaga temapt to those who want to evacuate. (B) Printing and spread throughout the city, radio broadcasts from the Yogya considered essential for the maintenance of morale pendudk city. By Usha, the residents stay up to date and the settlement of disputes between the Dutch Republic. Also the President’s speech broadcast over radio Yogja, the vice president’s speech broadcast on radio Bukittinggi and speeches from some other republican authorities, greatly enhance the spirit of the people (until now I have not found this printed matter, notes Dr. Iwan) (c) send the to the village of Java Land some strategists to examine the validity of the report is received about the murder and mayhem on a large upper Lasjkar besran by the King family oarng siamlungun and Chinese as well as issuing leaflets to every resident memperingatan didnot  until disturbed security and tranquility of the population of Indonesia, other nations also sepertu people tionghoa, Arabia and India should also be maintained. (d) Taking action in the override of chaos as a result of the Dutch Republic to eliminate money and money from suggested  circulated Nippon papermoney  with hidden and lighting provided in the community to menolakj NICA money and keep money memepergunakan republic and Nippon money. (e) Establish and maintain good relations with the army and Lasjkar surviving outside kota.Bantuan delivered to those who persist in jambi Bah, approximately 13 miles from Siantar. To them also delivered pamphlets menegani state area, pidarto president and vice president as well as other pamphlets that are considered they needed to know.

original info:

Pada tanggal 30 Juli 1947 ,pihak Belanda mengadakan pertemuan dengan pihak republik (diwakili Gubernur Muda sumatra Utara SM AMIN), sedangkan istansi  Gubernur Sumatera telah berhasil menyingkirkan diri,dibantu oleh kepala Jawatan dan pegawai t8inggi lainnya, sedangkan dari pihak belanda hadir Recomba Dr JU.v.d. Velde ,Residen Gerritsen,Kepala Nevis Forch dan assisetn Resident Schuyf.

Pada akhir pertemuan, Belanda  memberitahukan bahwa pegawai Republik tidak dilarang bekerja terus seperti biasa. beberapa hari lamanya ,sesudah pertemuan ini,pegaewai republik untuk sebagain kecil masik memasuki tempat kerja mereka sebagaimana biasa, mereka ini rupanya masih mempunyai kepercayaan dapat melaksanakan tugas demi kepentingan Nusa dan bangsa. akan tetapi, lambat laun kepervcayaan dan kemauan kerja ini menghilang. Pengumuman Belanda kemudian, bahwa Pemerintah republik tidak ada lagi di daerah yang mereka duduki dan pegawai Republik diberikan kesempatan memilih salah satu dari dua yaitu bekerja terus sebagai pegawai pemerintah hindia belanda atau berhenti. hal ini ditanggapi oleh ZKorps pegawai Republik dengan sangat memuaskan, dengan beebrapa kecuali,mereka dalam keseluruhannya memilih berhenti. Sremangat rakyat pada umumnya juga memuaskan, mereka tetap memilih Republik dan tetap bersikap anti Belanda.Mereka menolak pembayaran dengan uang NICA dan ada juga yang melakukan perlawanan dengan senjata diluar kota. beberapa malam beturut-turut sejak tentara belands menduduki kota Pematang siantar, masih terus menerus kedengaran letusan meriam dan dentuman senapan, suatu tanda bahw arakyat dalam kerja sama dengan Tentara Republik, masih tetap menu nukkan kesetiaan terhadap republik.

Dalam permulaan pendudukan Belanda, beberapa saat lamanya, Pemerintah Daerah Republik masih dapat bertindak bebas melakukan tindakan-tindakan pemerintah. dalam mas yang singkat ini, instansi yang bertanggung jawab masih dapt mengambil tindkan-tindakan berikut salam rangka menjalankan pemerinrtahan :

(a) Membentuk suatu Badan dengan nama”Badan Penyokong Rakyat dan Pegawai” dalam rangka memberikan bantuan uang kepada setiap orang yang patut dibantu. Fonds badan ini adalah uang yang masih dapat diselamatkan dari penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini memeberikan bantuan kepada pegawai negeri yang diusir dari rumah temapt tinggalnya dan juaga pada mereka yang ingin mengungsi.(b) Mencetak dan menyebar diseluruh kota, siaran-siaran radio dari Yogja yang dianggap penting demi pemeliharaan semangat pendudk kota. Dengan usha ini, penduduk tetap mengetahui perkembangan penyelesaian pertikaian antara Republik dan belanda. JUga pidato Presiden yang disiarkan melalui radio Yogja,pidato wakil Presiden yang disiarkan radio Bukittinggi dan pidato dari beberapa pembesar republik lainnya, sangat mempertinggi semangat penduduk(sampai sekarang saya  belum menemukan barang cetakan ini-note Dr iwan)

(c) Mengirmkan ke kampung Tanah Jawa beberapa penyiasat untuk memeriksa benar tidaknya bunyi laporan yang diterima tentang pembunuhan dan penganiayaan secara besar-besran oleh Lasjkar atas keluarga Raja siamlungun dan oarng Tionghoa serta mengeluarkan surat selebaran yang memperingatan setiap penduduk supaya janagn sampai terganggu keamanan dan ketentraman penduduk Indonesia ,juga bangsa lain sepertu orang tionghoa,Arab dan India juga harus dipelihara.(d) Mengambil Tindakan dalam mengatsi kekacauan sebagai akibat dari  pihak belanda untuk melenyapkan uang Republik dan uang Nippon dari peredzaran.Anjuran dan penerangan secra sembunyi diberikan pada masyarakat agar menolakj uang NICA dan tetap memepergunakan uang republik dan uang Nippon.(e) Mengadakan dan memelihara hubungan baik dengan tentara dan Lasjkar yang masih bertahan di luar kota.Bantuan yang disampaikan pada mereka yang bertahan di Bah jambi,kurang lebih 13 km dari pematang siantar. Kepada mereka juga disampaikan surat selebaran menegani keadaan daerah,pidarto presiden dan wakil presiden serta lain-lain surat selebaran yang dianggap perlu mereka ketahui.(ibid SM Amin,1978)

On July 30 1947

 India and Australia placed the Indonesian conflict before the UN Security Council. The UN Security Council decided to appoint a Good Offices Committee of representatives from the US, Australia and Belgium to mediate the conflict, establish a cease-fire and promote negotiations.

 

 

 

August 1947

In August 1947,

at the height of the operation more Warship Netherlands, the Dutch ship approaching Kuala seuah Betara (Regency Tanjung Jabung), the ships are being chased by a Navy patrol boat commanded by Lieutenant Nuri I Duna (Sea) M. Sanusi as a commander with seven of his men armed with unflinching spirit of “Merdeka OR DIE”, they immediately attacked the Dutch ship and there was gunfire. Since the force is not balanced, then the ship Ship Nuri I badly damaged, two members of ALRI fall, one of them Corporal (Marine) who is buried in Dabo Remove Singkep. Nuri I ship with the whole crew was dragged to Tanjung Pinang and Lieutenant Duan (Sea) M. Sanusi who suffered severe injuries and his men captured the Dutch navy.

Meanwhile, in the plains jambi, to drop the probable community and troops, a Dutch fighter “Mustang” circling above the city of Edinburgh and shooting at the Red Paal, then fly down the Batang Hari river toward the island Uluan Weasel and a resident becomes death toll at the time. A ship hull “Kho Tek Seng” which berjhenti in Lubuk Ruso shot, the ship was carrying supplies such as oil for purposes that are Uluan troops under the command of Captain A. Chatib escorted by PT led by Lieutenant Young Ardjai. As a result of the shooting, Captain A. Chatib, Sergeant Ahmad Yunus and an officer also died at that time.

 

Pada 1 Agustus 1947,

 Mobrig dijadikan satuan militer. Dalam kapasitasnya ini, Mobrig terlibat dalam menghadapi berbagai gejolak di dalam negeri.

August 1st.1947

UN Security Council calls for cease-fire in Indonesia.

August 4Ceasefire agreed to by Dutch and Sukarno, but is ignored in the field. Dutch declare “Van Mook line” at the edge of their military advances in Java and Sumatra.Daud Beureu’eh is military governor of Aceh for the Republic

On 1 August 1947

the UN Security Council ordered a cease-fire and established a committee to broker a truce and a renewal of negotiations. The Indonesian Republic nominated Australia to sit on that committee


Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947

Dewan Pertahanan Negara melalui aturan No. 112 memasukkan Kepolisian Negara sebagian atau seluruhnya menjadi kesatuan tentara. Polisi dianggap perlu menjadi bagian dari militer dalam rangka mempertahankan negara RI dari rongrongan Bela

August,5th.1945

the block three local sumatra repoblik Indonesia  f.25,0 revenue, date  5.8.47 and latest 15.11,47.

 

 

August,6th,1947

(a)The Young gouvenur North sumatra,SM Amin was cuptere by the Dutch Military Police and bring to medan with Mr T>M> Hnafiah, and he stayed at Medan Major  House Mr Jusuf.

(b)On 6 August 1947, when Governor of North sumtera Young SM Amin was in Jalan Simarito 61, Mandailing villages, dikes Siantar, during visiting his mother who was elderly and dealing with him, being in severalconsidering a matter, suddenly the roar sounded  arrived a few tanks, tank was then stopped in front of the house. several members of the Dutch Military Police entered the tank and turn drai perkaranagn house, climbed the house and ordered him to join them. His mother panicked state, for he can placate it. He parted with his mother and by the Dutch Military Police he was taken to Hotel Siantar. Here SM AMIN Schuyf examined by the Assistant Resident, and at the end of the examination she stated, DAPT does not endorse any of the SM Amin tindkan done since Siantar occupied Holland, and he said so, “Sir will be taken to Medan. Areas that have been occupied by the Dutch. Pemrintah Republic no longer exists “.

 also present in this examination Mr.T. M Hanafi, a lawyer who was appointed with SM Amin to Hotel siantar.kemudian together with A. Mutalib Moro (deputy Attorney General), SM Amin transported to Medan with a fairly stringent safeguards. Arriving at the field, SM Amin is allowed to stay at home Mr.Muhammad Joseph (Republican Mayor in Medan), Muralib transported Moro continues to Belawan, Diman he ditahn along with members of the army repoeblik.AM Amin was arrested on the field since 6 August smapi 15 September 1947, approximately 40 days lamanya.selama 40 days, the mayor of a ride home Mr. Mohammad Yusuf.

original Info:(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada tanggal 6 agustus 1947, sewaktu Gubernur Muda suamtera Utara SM Amin berada di Jalan Simarito 61,kampung Mandailing,pematang Siantar, dlam mengunjungi Ibunya yang telah lanjut usia dan berhadapan dengan beliau, sedang dalam mempertimbangkan bebrapa soal, tiba tiba kedengaran deru beberapa tank ,tank itu kemudian berhenti di depan rumah. beberapa anggota Polisi Militer Belanda turn drai tank dan memasuki perkaranagn rumah,menaiki rumah dan memerintahkan ia untuk ikut mereka.

Keadaan Ibunya menjadi panik, untuk ia dapat menentramkannya. Ia berpisah dengan ibunya dan oleh Polisi Militer Belanda ia dibawa ke Hotel siantar.

 Disini SM AMIn diperiksa oleh Assisten resident Schuyf, dan pada akhir pemeriksaan ia menyatakan, tidak dapt menyetujui segala tindakan yang SM Amin lakukan sejak Pematang siantar dikuasai Belanda, dan katanya seterusnya:” Tuan akan dibawa ke Medan. Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh belanda. pemrintah Republik tidak ada lagi”. hadir juga dalam pemeriksaan ini Mr.T>M Hanafiah,pengacara yang diangkat bersama SM Amin ke Hotel siantar.

kemudian bersama dengan A.Mutalib Moro(wakil Jaksa Agung), SM Amin diangkut ke Medan dengan penjagaan yang cukup ketat. Setibanya di medan,SM Amin diijinkan menginap di rumah Mr.Muhammad Yusuf(Walikota Republik di Medan),Muralib Moro diangkut terus ke Belawan,diman ia ditahn bersama dengan angota tentara repoeblik.AM Amin ditahan di medan sejak 6 agustus smapi 15 september 1947,lebih kurang 40 hari lamanya.selama 40 hari ,menumpang dirumah walikota Mr Muhammad Yusuf.

 

August,8th.1947


Carriers advancing on Salatiga August 8th, 1947
The tall man in the foreground is Sgt. Bill

August,13th.1947

St.Sjahrir and Haji Agus salim arrived at Lake Succes  airportduring join the United Nation Meeting in this day and the picture of them with unidentified person.(four photos)

 

August,14th.1947

 DI/TII JAWA BARAT

 

Sekarmadji Marijan Kartosuwiryo merupakan komisaris Partai Masyumi wilayah Jawa Barat. Ia mempunyai ide akan mendirikan Negara Islam Indonesia sudah sejak tahun 1942. Upaya Kartosuwiryo tersebut diawali dengan mendirikan pesantren Sufah yang digunakan untuk latihan kemiliteran bagi pemuda-pemuda Islam khususnya Hizbullah dan Sabilillah serta digunakan untuk menyebarkan propaganda pembentukan “Negara Islam”.

 

Pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1947 setelah Agresi Militer Belanda I, Kartosuwiryo menyatakan “perang suci” melawan Belanda.

 

Gerakan Kartosuwiryo semakin tidak sejalan dengan pemerintah RI ketika berdasarkan perjanjian Renville ”pasukan TNI di daerah kantong-kantong Gerilya harus hijrah ke wilayah yang dikuasai RI” tetapi Kartosuwiryo menolak melakukan hijrah ke wilayah RI. Kartosuwiryo bersama 4.000 orang pengikutnya memilih tetap tinggal di Jawa Barat.

 

August,16th.1947

The document of Indonesian Military Judge(Jaksa  militer TRI)  from bukit tinggi with rare official stamped TRI.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,17th.1947

 

Repoeblik Indoenesia (West sumatra Military) issued the Postal stationer for  anniversary two years Indonesia Independence with design army,tank and aeroplane, in postally used.(very rare postal history,only one ever seen in used condition..

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 Agustus 1947

Upacara pelantikan Kadet

 

 

 

 

 

Tiga orang Komandan Resimen  : Abdul Halim, REsimen I di Bukittinggi, Burhanuddin resimen II di Sungai Penuh(Kerinci) dan Ahmad HUsein Resimen III di Solok.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Komandan Divis III Banteng Kolonel Dahlan Djambek  dan Letnan Kolonel Jazid Aladin Kepala Markas Umum Divisi III dan Letnan Kolonel Ismael Lengah Komanda resimen III Divisi III Banteng.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puteri Ksatria yang sedang melaksanakan tugas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Markas Polisi Tentara Detasmen 27 Resimen IV Divisi Banteng di Riau saat peringatan 2 tahun Indonesia merdeka 17 Agustus 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laporan pelantikan perwira prajurit tamatan pendidikan Opsir Bukittinggi Angkatan Peratama dihadiri  oleh dari kiri  Letnan Kolonel Dahlan,Rasyid  Manggis, Mayor Alude St.Maradjo,Major  K.Rasjid. Baris Belakang dari kiri kekanan : Letnan Kolonel Hassan Basri,Mayor  Nazif Latif,kapten zainuddin, Kapten St.Muchtar, Kapten Iljas Jakub, Kapten Djamhur Djamin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pendidikan angkatan Kedua dalam latihan di Lapangan ,kapten Zainuddin dan Letnan II Rustam Djafar berada ditengah-tengah mereka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peragaan sebelum pelantikan para kadet Tamatan Pendidikan Opsir Divisi IX/Banteng dilantik.

 

 

Panji-Panji Divisi IX yang baru diserahkan oleh Residen Sumatera Barat Mr.S.M Rasjid kepada Komandan Divisi IX Kolonel Ismael Lengah diarak keliling Buktitinggi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upacra Pemakaman Mayor Rasyid di Taman Bahagia Bukittinggi  kelihatan beberapa orang perwira sekutu yang menyeberang kepihak Republik Indonesia

 

 

Pasukan-pasukan Resimen VI/IX sedang berlatih  dengan mariam  anti tank

 

 

 

Divisi Banteng  sewaktu kedatangan Presiden Sukarno Di Bukittinggi tahun 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pertemuan Komandan TNI NRI Sumatera Jenderal Major Suhardjo dengan  Datuk Simaradjo Ninik Mamak Minangkabau Sumatera Barat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,21th.1947

 

 

 

One of North Sumatra captured Japanese soldiers serving with the TNI . Senji Kasahara, captured on August 1, 1947 in Medan area

One of North Sumatra Indian captured deserters: Mohamad Amir, Corporal of the 15th Indian Corps and now captain of the TNI August 1, 1947

One of North Sumatra captured Japanese soldiers serving with the TNI . Seizo Kusaka, captured on August 1, 1947 in Medan area

   

 

The rare document of Inspectur police Boekittinggi  with official stamped “kepala Polisi Boekittinggi Pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia

 

In Commenoration of the Survey Flight From Shanghai to Batavia
August 21-28, 1947.
(Note: Batavia is now Jakarta, Indonesia)
(Pamphlet Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)
(Front)

(Inside Left Side)

(Inside Right Side)

(Back)

 

August 1947 – Airport at Batavia
left to right
Unknown, Head of Civil Aviation of Batavia, unknown, unknown, Hugh Chen (Assistant Operations Manager CNAC), C.Y. Liu (Managing Director of CNAC), unknown, unknown and T.T. Chen
(Photo Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)

 

August 1947 – Batavia
This was the reception given by the Chinese Consul-General in Batavia for the survey flight.
from the bottom and around the table, left to right
Unknown, unknown, F.Y. Ho (Business Dept. CNAC)

unknown, Chinese Consul General Djakarta, (standing) Managing Director Knilm (Royal Dutch Indies Airline company) KLM, C.Y. Liu Managing Director CNAC, unknown, Harold Chinn (Captain of this Survey Flight)
Hugh Chen Assistant Operations Manager CNAC, T.T. Chen and top of head – unknown.
T.T. Chen was sent to Djakarta in advance of Survey Flight to arrange for receptions and accomodations.
Born in Indonesia T.T. spoke Dutch and Indonesian languages.
(Photo Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)

August,23th.1948

August,23th.1948

 

 

NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. 1948 Cover franked by Wilhelmina 3x25c blue green and 1947 ovptd. 12 1/2c orange pair tied by Batavia cds´s, underpaid and handstamped with “T” and manuscript 20c. Charged due on arrival in SWEDEN with 25ö orange tied by Abrahamsberg cds

August,27th.1947

The Republic Indonesia government recieve the “keputusan Dewan Keamanan PBB”(united Nation security Council), and asked to report the trully of  Indonesian Situation.

 

August,31th.1947

The ORI overprint Repoeblik Indonesia revenue on complete document

 

September 1947

In early  September 1947, there was a demonstration, led by some people ,

The Chinese leader, giving the impression, that  at which time they feel unhappy about people of Indonesia. Anti-republican demonstrations, they took pictures and drawings of what they see themselves sembotyan called “The brutality that has been done by soldiers and lasjkar at  several sites around the eastern Sumatran at  when Dutch entering the republic” pictures  and slogans paraded along the streets, seditious. becoming a matter of surprise, Dutch allow such demonstrations, it is different if the Netherlands is the Actor intelectual of this demonstration, demonstration i Gratitude does not lead to things that are not cool, not cause worst situation between Indonesia and the Chinese people in the city of Medan because this domostrastion  inciting nature and this action only by a group of tionghoa people t , some Chinese people who contacted SM Amin explained that “the Chinese nation never approve of this demonstration”

original info(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada permulaan bulan sepetmber 1947, terjadi suatu demonstrasi ,dipimpin oleh beberapa pemimpin Orang Tionghoa, memberi kesan,bahwa pada saat itu mereka merasa tidak senang terhadap orang Indonesia. Demonstrasi bersifat anti republik, mereka membawa gambar gambar dan semboyan mengenai apa yang mereka namakan” Kekejaman yang telah dilakukan oleh tentara dan lasjkar diberbagai tempat di sumatera timur pada saat Belanda memasuki daerah republik” Gambar dan slogan diarak sepanjang jalan,bersifat menghasut. mejadi suatu hal yang mengherankan,belanda mengijinkan demonstrasi yang demikian, lain halnya jika Belanda yang menjadi Aktor inteltual dari demostrasi ini, Syukur domonstrasi ini tidak mengakibatkan hal yang tidak dinginkan, tidak menimbulkan kekruhan diantara orang Indonesia dan orang tionghoa di kota Medan oleh karena domostrasi ini sifatnya menghasut dan tindakan ini hanya oleh sekelompok orang tionghoa saja, beberapa orang tionghoa yang menghubungi SM Amin menerangkan bahwa”Bangsa tionghoa sekali-kali tidak menyetujui demonstrasi ini”

Sept.2nd.1947
(a)The rare postlly usedDai Nippon 31/2 cent  postal stationer card send from Painan to Padang with  Sumatra without  Independence fund stamps 6×15 sen,2×5 cen(rate  one rupiah)

 

 

(b)the Republic Indonesia Police departemen travelling permit letter,contrasign by markas pertahan kota jogyakarta, Pemerintah Kementerian Jogyakarta, to give permission to the member of subsektor II(MPK danurdjan).

 

Diperbolehkan berjalan terus untuk menjalankan kewajibnannya diwaktu ada tanda bahaya (PBO) dan diwaktu malam ,and diberi hak mengadakan control dalam subsector II tsb.

September .3rd,1947

The State contribution tax(Ijoeran Negara)  of Agam west sumatra ,was paid in this day F.33.- with Wedana Limapoeloeh Koto Sepetmber,22th.1947

 

 

 

 

 

September,11th.1947

This day Dewi sartika had passed away

 

LANGEN SUARA RADEN DEWI SARTIKA

 

 

 

Dewi Sartika (4 December 1884 – 11 September 1947) was the leading figure and pioneer for the education for women in Indonesia. She founded the first school for women in Dutch East Indies. She was acknowledged as a National Hero by the Indonesian government in 1966….

 

 

 

September,12th.1947

The very rare Dutch Federal PTT  secret letter(geheim) about the control of hazard foreign  country printed

Batavia Center, September 12, 1947
No.687/D70/Bpt/geheim
Subject: Checking on the import of hazardous foreign countries printed
To: H (H) CKKT, CCA, Director Field Naval Post Office Postal Chef ..
SECRET

Continuation of my letter in  9 agustus j.l. no.762/D70/Bpt.geheim
Expressions of Procuteur-General received beright imports and distribution of the following foreign verschrijnende periodically prohibited:

The daily newspaper ” UTUSAN ZAMAN” issued by printed Yu’sof bin Ishak, Utusan Malaya Press Ltd., 185 A on a street Cedil Singapore.

Bijtroffen of this periodical is to ontvangbeweijs aft e hongete caught the locally-based Governance ambtenar.Op receiving the evidence should be warden stated: “Seized ingevelge writing the Attorney-General of 11 September 1947 addressed to no 3962/GBGeheim all residents in Ned.indie ”
A copy of the receipt to the department to send

bpt

sign

PJ Laemeyer

 

 

Original info in dutch language

Bataviacentrum,12 september 1947

No.687/D70/Bpt/geheim

Onderwerp:Controle on de invoer van gevaarlijke buitenlanden gedrukten

Aan :H(H)CKKT,CCA ,directeur Veldpostdienst..Chef Marinepostkantoor

GEHEIM

Vervolg mijn sechrijven van 9 agustus j.l. no.762/D70/Bpt.geheim

Blijken van de Procuteur-General ontvangen beright is de invoer en verspreiding van het volgende in het buitenland verschrijnende periodiek verboden:

Het dagblad “UTUSAN ZAMAN” uitgegeven gedrukt door Yu’of bin Ishak,Utusan Malaya Press Ltd,185 A on a Cedil street Singapore.

Bijtroffen van dit periodiek is het tegen ontvangbeweijs aft e gevangen de hongete ter plaatse gevestigde Bestuurs-ambtenar.Op het  ontvanbewijs dient te warden vermeld:”In beslag genomen ingevelge het schrijven de Procureur-general van 11 September 1947 no 3962/G.B.Geheim gericht aan alle Residenten in Ned.indie”

Een afschrift van het ontvangbewijs is aan deze afdeling op te zenden

Bpt,

Sign

P.J.Laemeyer

September,12th.1947

 

The Aceh local NRI paper Money Rp 2.50 sign by Residen Atjeh,Perwakilan Bank Negara Koetarasdja pengoeroes keuangan Keresidenan Atjeh

Seri ORIDA (Oeang Republik Indonesia Daerah Atjeh), 1947-1948

50 (Lima Puluh) Sen, Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-622)

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

1 (Satu) Rupiah, Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-623)

 

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

2,50 (Dua) Rupiah (Lima Puluh Sen), Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-624)

 

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers
  • 3 characters (1st and 2nd capitals, 3rd lower-case and always an ‘a’) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

5 (Lima) Rupiah, Koetaradja, January 15, 1948 (KUKI H-627)

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

The reverse of the note in the picture is printed upside-down.

10 (Sepuluh) Rupiah, Koetaradja, January 15, 1948 (KUKI H-628)

 

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals, only ‘SI’ & ‘ZQ’ are known) and 5 numbers

Signature:  Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah

This note only occurs with two large holes in the paper, one on the center left side and one on the center right side. There is a lot of speculation about the possible origin of these holes. there are even stories about mice eating their way through a bundle of these notes.

The following observations can be made:

  • the holes in each of the five notes that are known to me have similar shapes. The right hole has a point downwards while the point in the left hole always points upwards
  • the border of the holes show the characteristics of torn paper, not cutted or perforated
  • two notes in my possesion both show light vertical folds from top to bottom of the note, right through the center of the holes (see the red lines in the picture below)

After careful study, my theory is as follows:

In order to make these notes invalid, they were folded where I marked the notes with a red line.

 

Next, someone took the note on one side and tore out a piece of paper, between finger and thumb.

 

Then, the note was turned 180 degrees and again a piece was torn out in the same way.

 

The above steps result in the note having two holes: the right hole having a point pointing downwards while the point in the left hole always points upwards.

Seri URIPSU (Uang Republik Indonesia Propinsi Sumatera Utara), 1949

250 (Dua Lima Ratus Puluh) Rupiah, Kutaradja, March 1, 1949 (KUKI H-629)

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 5 numbers and 2 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd is lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 2 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd is a capital)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd is lower-case, 3rd is a capital)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd and 3rd are lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd and 3rd are lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals) reported but not verified

A common forgerie exist of this note with a serial identification of 6 numbers and 3 characters ‘ccF’

Signature: Gubernur Sumatera Utara –  Mr. S.M. Amin

250 (Dua Lima Ratus Puluh) Rupiah, Kutaradja, March 1, 1949 (KUKI H-630)

 

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals)

Signature: Gubernur Sumatera Utara –  Mr. S.M. Amin

 

September,15th.1947

Medan dutch tried diligently made preparations for the establishment of the State of East Sumatra, regardless of the Republic of Indonesia. The Netherlands has got a eprsetujuan and help from some prominent people who berasla from eastern Sumatra, eastern Sumatra Negra Movement held a march through the city of Medan, Perbaungan, and embankment Siantar. This parade went to Vice-dutch, Dr. Van de Velde, and with the intercession they filed a eprmohonan to the Dutch, so please menidirkan an independent state of East Sumatra, the Indonesian republic. Dutch apparently not willing to immediately, without first studying this matter carefully. Until now, BC Amin left the city of Medan On 15th September 1947, the country’s eastern Sumatra beklum also formed, probably the Dutch brackish hesitate to meet the demand, see the attitude of sultans in Eastern suamtera who remain passive, the names of the Sultan whose role and determine the masyarakatpun not called.

On September ,15th,1947, Mr SM Amin departure to Penang in order to went to Aceh

In late August 1947, the Dutch republic announced that employees who are not willing to work with dutch sma, are welcome to leave the area occupied Netherlands. On the basis of the provisions of this martial nda, SM Amin, Mr.A.Siddik, Ir Sitompul painstakingly memeproleh of the Dutch permission to go to Malacca, and Mr. and ir asiddik Singapura.dengan Sitompul to help friends and Suheili Abubakar, the purchase of tickets and the cost of the journey, on 15 September 1947. SM Amin went to Penang with the intention to continue the trip to Aceh. In the Ship SM Amin had the opportunity to meet with Barhen of “Chinese Democratic Lieague” the really significant stuff pro-republic and expelled by the Dutch from the field after detained in Siantar. On the next day SM Amin arrived in penang penang.di obtained satisfactory relationships with some really significant stuff republic, merchants who came from Aceh., They provide the support needed another advance of Yaw Hiong Liong (Straits Steamship agents) and his son Ci Ki Kew (chairman of the Chinese in Langsa vereeneging Handels), Kho Hok Khiat (merchant in Lho Seumawe), T Manyak (from Permai shop in penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis (Child BC kaka amen, Zubaidah who lived there) and Salim aharahap. He, his name on the arrest of five days.

On 21 September 1947

SM Amin departed from Penang with the Tung Song belongs to the Straits Steamship, this boat yachting under the British flag to Uleleu through Sabang, this journey of two days and two nights until at Sabang on 23 September 1947, the ship arrived in sab ang and anchor about two miles from land. when police boarded the ship and mjulai conduct examination of passenger and SM Amin was known to the ship, with a magnifying bealnda necessarily in Sabang issued a travel ban to Uelele ship, before the trip permit is obtained from the Dutch Authorities in Sabang. Two days after his two nights waiting for this permit, yet xit juuga, so Patience agent Lionh Jr. Ship Company. Murray and captain of the ship had run out, they down  lifeboat and headed to the mainland with the intention of seeing Sabang , and at Sepetmebr,25th.1947 Mr SM Amin arrived Ulee Lheuw at afternoon and several days went to Kutaraja.(the full story read the book by SM Amin 1978).This information had proeef that the postally uesd cover send fromaceh to Penang with repoeblic  Indonesa with  aceh overpint stamps wer the original cover,some were the Ricardo colections,now shoed at den Haag phillately museum Netherland)

 

0riginal info(ibid SM AMIN,1978)

di Medan belanda berusaha dengan giat mengadakan persiapan bagi pembentukan Negara Sumatera Timur , terlepas dari Republik Indonesia. Belanda telah mendapat suatu eprsetujuan dan bantuan dari beberapa orang terkemuka yang berasla dari Sumatera timur, Gerakan Negra Sumatera timur ini mengadakan suatu pawai melalui kota Medan,Perbaungan, dan pematang Siantar. Pawai ini mendatangi Wakil belanda,Dr. Van de velde, dan dengan perantaraannya mereka mengajukan suatu eprmohonan kepada pihak Belanda,supaya berkenan menidirkan suatu negara Sumatera Timur yang terlepas dari republik Indonesia. rupanya Belanda tidak bersedia dengan segera,tanpa mempelajari terlebih dahulu soal ini dengan teliti. Sampai saat SM Amin meninggalkan kota Medan Tanggal 15 september 1947, Negara Sumatera timur itu belum juga terbentuk, mungkin pihak belanda masin segan-segan memenuhi permintaan tersebut,melihat sikap Sultan-sultan di suamtera Timur yang tetap bersikap pasif ,nama-nama Sultan yang berperan dan menentukan dalam masyarakatpun tidak ada disebut.

Pada akhir Agustus 1947,Belanda mengumumkan bahwa pegawai republik yang tidak bersedia bekerja sma dengan belanda,dipersilahkan meninggalkan daerah yang diduduki belanda. Atas dasar ketetapan bela nda ini, SM Amin,Mr.A.Siddik,Ir Sitompul dengan susah payah memeproleh dari belanda ijin untuk berangkat ke Malaka, dan Mr asiddik dan ir sitompul ke Singapura.dengan bantuan kawan-kawan Abubakar dan Suheili,pembelian tiket dan biaya perjalan, pada tanggal 15 september 1947. SM Amin berangkat menuju Penang dengan maksud meneruskan perjalanan ke Aceh. Di Kapal SM Amin memperoleh kesempatan berkenalan dengan Barhen dari “Chinese Democratic League” yang snagat pro republic dan diusir oleh belanda dari medan sesudah ditahan di pematang siantar. Pada keesokan harinya SM Amin tiba di penang.di penang diperoleh hubungan yang snagat memuaskan dengan beberapa orang republik,saudagar-saudagar yang berasal dari Aceh., mereka memberikan bantuan yang diperlukan anatar lain Liong Yaw Hiong(agen straits steamship ) beserta anaknya Ci Ki Kew(ketua handels vereeneging Tionghoa di langsa),Kho Hok Khiat(saudagar di Lho Seumawe),T Manyak(dari toko Permai di penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis(Anak kaka SM amin,Zubaidah yang menetap di sana) dan Salim aharahap. la,manya di penang lima hari.

Pada tanggal 21 september 1947 SM Amin bertolak dari Penang dengan kapal Tung Song kepunyaan Straits Steamship, kapal ini belayar dibawah bendera Inggris menuju Uleleu melalui sabang, perjalanan ini dua hari dua malam sampai di sabang pada tanggal 23 september 1947, kapal sampai di sab ang dan membuang jangkar kira-kira dua kilometer dari darat. sewaktu polisi menaiki kapal dan mjulai melakukan pemeriksaan atas penumpang dan diketahui SM Amin berada di kapal, dengan serta merta pembesar bealnda di sabang mengeluarkan larangan perjalanan kapal ke Uelele, sebelum diperoleh ijin perjalan dari Pembesar belanda di sabang. Setlah Dua hari dua malam menunggu ijin ini,  belum keluar juga, sehingga Kesabaran agen Perusahan Kapal Lionh Jr. dan kapten Kapal Murray telah habis, mereka menurunka  sekoci dan menuju ke daratan sabang dengan maksud menemui(cerita lengkap baca buku karangan SM Amin 1978)

 

 

September,17th.1947

 

 

 

 

Djambi local coupon penukaran 1 rupiah, 17 September 1947  (H-564)

 

September,20th.1947

The postally used Palembang Overprint PTT NRI in circle type 55, known CTO Palembang and genuinely used at kajoeagoeng CDS 20.9.47(only one cover  known),no used fragment,

 

I have only mint stamp.

 

September,26th.1947

Residen Of Batavia (federal state resident at Jakarta), forbidden the megazine and newspaper at jakarta to put in the Indonesia Army (TNI) informations.

October 1947

President soekarno inaugurate the new memeber of Kabinet from Masjumi Party,and also take photo  together after the ceremony

 

Dutch military tries to consolidate control of areas within the “Van Mook line”. Dutch take control of all of Madura.United Nations “Good Offices Commission” is organized, with the goal of finding a settlement in Indonesia. Australia, Belgium, and the United States take part.

October,3th.1947

The postally used small cover from Batavia(rare postmark) cds 3.10.47 to soerabaia

 

October,4th.1940

The rare batavia postmark type handstamped on postally used chines overseas Medical,dental and aphothecer organization Batavia centrum circulair letter cover.

 

October,5th.1947

 

General sudirman in October,5th.1947

 

Mohammad Natsir in October.5th,1947

 

 

 

 

October,8th.1947

Tanda Bukti Penerimaan kantor Pos Indramajoe  (Postal ‘s fact of Sending food) pengiriman kerupuk ,with  Ned.Indie 2 cent and Repoeblik Indonesia definitive Java 3 sen stamps(rare collections)

 

October,10th.1947

(a)The rare document from  Taloe(Pasaman west sumatra,remeber the song orang Taloe oslan husein,the populer song) , with the official stamped “Kepala Polisi taloe pemerintah Repoeblik indonesia”(the  taloe’s chief of Police )

(b) Postal used homevard postcad with  15 cent repoeblik Indonesia ddefinif stamp,CDS Toeban 10.10.47 to Yohyakarta with sencored Telah ditilik ,

the same  leter with  2x 5 sen stampsto yogjakarta with sencored telah ditilik .

and the used Dai nippon money order with Reppoeblik Indonesia java definitf stamps(mint),

The unused Kartoepos Amal 10 sen  berlakoe sampai akhir 1947.

 

 

 

 

October,12th.1947

 

The Postaly used registered  homemade cover send from Samalangan Aceh cds 12.10.47 to bireun(provenance Dr Iwan suwandy 1985)

October,20th.1947

 

The Ned,indie letter sheet postal stationer karbou 7 1/2 cent send from manado to Batavia-central. the letter information:

Koja Manado,20 Oktober 1947,

Zus, Broer (brother) en Kinderen (son).

At the time of writing usrat, then nyamanlah all of us here. Please also exist applies to all of you. That Pakket we’ve received correctly, we say many thanks for Zus and B Roer (Sister and Brother) got the shipment, especially for Ade and Boeti already working on it. We’ve heard of us had a sister, mother, and Naomi, that they had a cruise on Broer dirumah.Berikut Zus and they’ve talked about and Broer zus had their reception at which they would not have time to respond. Also we’ve heard from them, that there is no liquor Tjap Tikoes (Sopi), sedangkankamu love and together we are trying to send by mail gin stamp tikoes pakket.Semua were five bottles (Vier flesh) and divided in two pakket , because  pakket post should not be more than 5 kg, Bergubung with applicable regulations (uitoveer Ordinance) which sterke dronken (liquor) verbodden zij (forbidden) to be sent from here (voor de uitvoor), we were just saying it sent obart . We hope that pakket was not damaged until the middle of the road and you correctly, because the packaging is strong enough (ERG is het verpakken lastig). no longer know the central office pospakket, if they do send it on. Just for this first. bvanyak respect from us all en veel zontjes (lots of kisses) for Adi, Boeti and Robby from Anis (A look at Koja Tondano Manado)

original letter:

Zus, Broer(kakak) en kinderen(putra).

Pada waktu menulis surat,maka nyamanlah kami semua disini. Harap juga itu ada berlaku pada kamu semua. Itu Pakket kami sudah terima dengan betul,kami ucapkan banyak terima kasih atas Zus dan B roer(Sister and Brother) punya kiriman, terutama untuk Ade dan Boeti yang sudah mengusahakannya. Kami sudah dengar dari kami punya adik, Ibu dan Naomi, bahwa mereka sudah pesiar pada Zus  dan Broer dirumah.Berikut mereka sudah bicarakan tentang zus dan broer punya penerimaaan pada mereka, yang mana mereka tidak sempat membalasnya. Juga kami sudah dengar dari mereka,bahwa disana tidak ada minuman keras Tjap Tikoes(Sopi) ,sedangkankamu suka sekali dan bersama ini kami ada coba kirim sopi cap tikoes melalui pos pakket.Semua itu ada lima botol(vier flesh) dan dibagi pada dua pakket,menginggat pos pakket tidak boleh lebih dari 5 kg,Bergubung dengan peraturan yang berlaku(uitoveer ordonantie) yang mana sterke dronken(minuman keras)  verbodden zij(dilarang)  untuk dikirim dari sini(voor de uitvoor), kami cuma bilang yang dikirim obart saja. kami harap bahwa pakket itu tidak rusak  ditengah jalan dan sampai pada kamu dengan betul, sebab pembungkusnya cukup kuat(het verpakken is erg lastig). tidak tahu lagi si pusat kantor pospakket , jika mereka buat kirim terus. Sekadar ini dahulu. hormat bvanyak dari kami semua en veel zontjes(banyak cium) untuk Adi,Boeti dan Robby dari Anis (J mandang KOja Tondano Manado)

 

 

October.22th.47

The Populer Shop Pasar Baroe 93 batavia centrum promotuion card Projector Keystone  send to Semarang with NICa USA printing stamps 5 cent.

October,24th,1947

 

 

½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-565)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-566)

 

(a)Haji agus salim arrived at Jogya from visiti the UNO meeting, and he and Presiden soekarno  and unidentified persons (two photos)

 

(b) President Soekarno and Repoeblic Menistry islamic  Idul Adha prayed at Alon-alon Djokja

 

 

 

October,29th.1947

The Good Office Commision(from UNO?) arrived at Jakarta

October,30th.1947

The postally used homemade card from Repoblic indonesia area CDS Toeban on Java definitive repoeblic stamps 15 sen. and other card from Toeban to the same address with 2×5 sen java repoeblic definitive stamps(date not clear)

 

The Java repoblic Indonesia definitive stamps on Dai Nippon Money order but not send,the stamp still mint unsued on that Money order

 

 

October,31th.1947

The rare document Of  repoeblic Indonesia State ‘s Police Taloe(Polisi PAM) ,Pasaman west sumatra(remember the song Urang Taloe,sung by Oslan Husein, the famous minagkabau singer)

 

 

November

the picture  Hemangkubuwono and other Repobic Indonesian leader Sembahyang- idul adha praying at  Alon-alon Yogjakarta(photo)

November 1947

NRI Poster

 

 

 

 

 

NICA U brigade at Padang 1947

 

 

NICA  U brigade at Padang 1947

 

 

 

 

November ,5th.1947

 

The vice chief Of  Indoneseian arme forec General Oerip sumadihardjo

November,8th.1947

on this day ,two years  anniversary of  Masjoemi party  at Yogja

November,12th.1947

 

Wie weet er meer over het typenraderstempel Bandoeng BKT. 2? Reacties naar de webmaster.
reactie: Zou BKT. 2 wellicht gewoon ‘Bijkantoor 2’ kunnen betekenen? Frans van de Rivière, 2001-09-03.

November,13th.1911

on this day Prof.Graham  from KTN at Yogja and guided by Haji Agus salim for meet presiden sukarno ( three photos)

 

 

 

Court Du Bois from KTN visit Bung Hatta

 

Sjafruddin Prawiranegara visir the opening of Sugar Factory “Padokan” ( five photos)

 

November.16th,1947

 

Jogja 16 November 1947
Good Offices Committee (GOC) Chairmanr Judge Kirby brings Dutch proposal met President NRI Soekarno

November,17th.1947

 

 

5 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-569)

 

10 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-570)

 

 

These notes show a large variety of signatures and serial numbers.

A second series of notes was issued during the period December 1947 and May 1948, printed on paper with a yellow background color. The design of these notes is less primitive than the first series.  The only one signature – of the republican resident – is now printed.

A striking feature of this second series is the consequent use of five or six stamped serial letters. The system used has been unclear for a long time. In 1998, Adi Pratomo (Rupiah The Journal, No. 5, September 1998, pages 35 and 36) discovered that a limited number of combinations were used:

Notes with 5 letters:

ANZMY    NAMZZ

BOYLW     OBLYX

CPXKU      PCKXV

DQWJS      QDJWT

ERVIQ        REIVR

FSUHO      SFHUP

GTTGM     TGGTN

HUSFK      UHFSL

IVREI         VIERJ

JWQDG     WJDQH

KXPCE      XKCPF

LYOBC      YLBOD

MZNAA   ZMANB

Notes with 6 letters:

AbNZMY    NoAMZZ

BcOYLW    OpBLYX

CdPXKU     PqCKXV

DeQWJS    QrDJWT

EfRVIQ       RsEIVR

FgSUHO     StFHUP

GhTTGM    TuGGTN

HiUSFK      UvHFSL

IjVREI         VwIERJ

JkWQDG    WxJDQH

KlXPCE (1) XyKCPF

LmYOBC    YzLBOD

MnZNAA   ZaMANB

1 KlXPCE is not observed, however KeXPCE is known. Possibly the letter ‘e’ is used to avoid confusion between the letter ‘l’ or the number ‘1’.

Obviously a number of alphabets were used in different sequences. Maybe individual letters from a stamp box were used. It is possible that the combinations were applied as a security measure. It is a fact that notes with letter combinations outside the array always appear to be fakes when examined closer.

When observing the letter combinations of a large number of yellow Djambi notes, it becomes clear that – apart from the above mentioned – the letter combinations seamlessly continue from one denomination to the next.

Below is an overview of the know combinations and the likely sequence of the not yet observed combinations. The observed combinations are in black, and the assumed but not yet observed combinations are in red. The not yet clear transition of the serial letters of the 2 ½ rupiah is marked in blue.

Where applicable it is mentioned which combinations occur with numbers printed with a numbering machine having a number height of 5 millimeters or 5 ½ millimeters

 

The Vice prime menistery RI Wondo Amiseno joined teh anniversary of International student day at Kepatihan Yogjakarta,look the antique lamp there (two photos)

 

Nopember,20th.1947

Karo  Regency NRI Papermoney token  F 1000.-

 

 

Nopember,21th.1947

Republic Indonesia and The Dutch fereaal government , didnot have “mufakat”agreement  where to get the meeeting, that is why the  American Renville Ship which landed berlabuh at Java sea, were prepared for the meeeting.

November,21th 1947

 

NRI 10 sen Postal stationer us as the POW card send from D.DRT Kamp C Djogja to Djakarta  via Red Cross Djogja official stamped  Djakarta red cross official stamped with sencored  CDS Djogja 21.11.47,the letter between NRI and dutch are send via red cross.

(a)On 21 November 1947, Pulau Brayan Villige (near Medan) , the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan shooting by ditembaki.Laskar retaliate.

Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan.

November,22th.1947

(a)The first used on complete  document(legalized  use the gourvernment House at biaro stereet bukittinggi), local sumatra  repoeblik Indonesia Rp.75.-, legalized  and sign by the chief of Bukittinggi postal office,Mr  T.Sahib with rare oval official   KANTOR POS BOEKITTTINGGI” WITHOUT REPOEBLIK INDONESIA

 

(b)The Advententie number of newpaper send from Batavia centrum to Surabaia via airmail,PER LUCHPOST STAMPED.

 

 

 

 

 

Amsterdam – Batavia 22.11.1947

November,28th.1947

 

 

½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-567)

 

 

 

Djambi local coupon penukaran Paper money 2 ½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-568

 

November.30th.1947

 

 

This is a stationery for military navy of the Netherlands, November 30, 1947,

is the Navy’s military personnel had been dispatched to the Netherlands was held out of local Indonesia during the War of Independence. Not good at the bottom of the wording that is printed, it is being printed “and Batavia (now Jakarta) firmly.

August 15, 1945, when Japan surrendered, August 17, two days after, from the Indonesian nationalist Sukarno who, before the Dutch troops come ashore again, preemptively independence Indonesia was declared. Then, is established and headed by Sukarno of the Republic of Indonesia on September 4. In addition, on August 22 after the Declaration of Independence was formed by decree the government delegation security people, the government is calling for participation officers and men of the system (Volunteers defense regional), and from the auxiliary soldiers Peta former was formed under the Japanese Occupation .

Furthermore, in order to disarm the Japanese army, and come to a full-fledged military occupation of the British and Dutch, from Sukarno was organized to counter the People’s security forces made this in October.

Then, between the Netherlands and tries to prevent this Sukarno government and to assert independence from the Netherlands, will be the Indonesian war of independence broke out. This war, December 27, 1949, I concluded officially recognized the independence of Indonesia in The Hague Roundtable, introduce things that are not material in the Netherlands during the war that now.

Before the <INDONESIA 2012> from tomorrow, bring it anyway if the material of the Indonesian side, became the winner, but I wanted to Keikizuke, I could not find … something nifty. Well, bring in the future with respect to work, I just pray that the losing battle endless.(coll Yunanto)

merekrut tentara Republik untuk latihan untuk berlatih dengan model pistol kayu, Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, pada bulan Desember 1947.

[Yogyakarta] Pidato oleh Komandan setelah inspeksi senjata pada 21 Desember 1947

 

 

 

 

December 1947

The KTN meeting between Repoeblic delegation and Dutch delegation atYogja

 

and after the meet Haji Agus salim interview by foreign journalist(who is she? please who know tell me via comment)

 

 

 

 

December,1st.1947

Jawatan Kepolisian Pindah ke Yogyakarta
Seiring dengan makin gentingnya situasi kemanan nasional dan didudukinya Purwokerto oleh pasukan Belanda, markas pusat kepolisian dipindahkan ke Yogyakarta. Terhitung sejak tanggal 1 Desember 1947 Jawatan Kepolisian Negara secara resmi ditetapkan berkedudukan di Yogyakarta dan berkantor di bawah satu atap dengan Kepolisian Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta di Jalan Reksobayan.

 

Signing of Friendship Agreement 1 December 1947

The Surabaya Jurnalisticgraduate  course “ijazah”

 

Ijazah kursus Djoenalistik Indonesia Soerabia

December,3th.1947

 

The Old Karbauw type Ned Indie 3 1/2 cent Postal statione card send from Batavia centrum to Tjilere Kilometer 43,5 Pengalengan Bandung, with the letter handwritten :

Request brother, please do not be discouraged her, I am going to endeavor again to meet demand in-law’s. About our brothers and Hoesein CASH whether she?

Now there is also a send vegetables from Budi, 2 times a week to Senen Market for trading, the market, often also datang.Oey Lay Emen May each week send BOOL 5 tons.

 If the law had come once to tjobalah Pasar Senen so we talked to set our steps. lot to be asked after so long no see, hope everything is in a state of good health to you later. Bistok, Sitoemorang and families that others may survive. Reverend send tabe (respect) many-banyak.on  7 / 11 1947 the then Lord encouraging in our homes because of one boy who came (born) in a state so his mother . we healthy .thank you  say many of his grace. Please come pray that this child for God’s good behavior and all of us. Horas Be Macklon, Kernolog street 16 Batavia centrum (Central Jakarta).

original letter

Permintaan saudara ,harap jangan ber kecil hati , saya akan ber ikhtiar lagi memenuhi permintaan ipar itu. Tentang saudara kita KAS dan Hoesein apakah kabarnya ? Sekarang ada juga yang kirim sayur dari Budi, 2 kali seminggu ke Pasar Senen untuk diperdagangkan,dipasar tersebut, Emen sering juga datang.Oey Lay May setiap minggu kirim BOOL 5 ton. Kalau ipar sempat tjobalah datang sekali ke Pasar Senen supaya kita berbincang mengatur langkah kita. banyak sekali yang akan ditanyakan sesudah begitu lama tak bertemu,harap semuanya dalam keadaan sehat-sehat saja sampai ketemu lagi. Bistok,Sitoemorang dan keluarga yang lain-lain semoga selamat. Pendeta kirim tabe(hormat) banyak-banyak.Pada rtanggal 7/11 1947 yang lalu Tuhan mengembirakan di rumah kita karena satu anak lelaki yang datang(lahir) dalam keadaan sebat begitu juga ibunya.Kita ucapkan banyak terim akasih atas rahmatNYA. Harap ikut mendoakan supaya anak ini baik tingkah lakunya bagi Tuhan dan kita semua. Horas Be Macklon,Jalan Kernolog 16 Batavia centrum(jakarta Pusat).

December,5th.1947

the used block four local sumatra revenue f,25, the rate became up from F.75 to f.100,0 this info means devaluation i  Indonesia. othe date 20.12.47. (other collection look in 1948)

 

December,7th.1947

The Renville Meeting on the ship (four photos)

the meeting between  RI goevernment with  consulair commission member at yogja (one photo)

December 8th.1947

United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch.

This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia ,

on December 8, 1947,

a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

(a)Dutch and Indonesian representatives meet on board the U.S.S. Renville, a U.S. Navy transport stationed in the Philippines, which was moved Jakarta harbor for the talks.

(b) The rare postally used cover  send by registered airmail from Canada 8.12.47 to Semarang Dutch East Indie . with  semarang account sencored and at the back arrival CDS Semarang 13.12.47, and with Bonne sante cinderella to affix the cover.

 

 

The Tobacco tax  Indonesia 1.70 Rp on Lilitary blend tobacco box  An justijn Tabak My Amsterdam Batavia(rare tobacco label collection)

 

December,9th.1947

 

On 9 December 1947,

Dutch troops on Java raided the village of Rawagede,

 around 100 kilometres east of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. The Dutch military campaign to put an end to the Indonesian independence struggle has always been referred to rather euphemistically as the “police actions”. Indonesian proclaimed its independence in August 1945, after the end of the Japanese occupation during World War II. It took The Hague until the end of 1949 to give in to international pressure and recognise the independence of its former colony.

Deliberate and ruthless
Eye witnesses say the men of the village were lined up and shot dead. The Committee of Dutch Debts of Honour claims 431 people were killed, in a report written 1969 on the campaign’s excesses this figure is put at just 150 victims.

It was 20 years before the report was published, but the United Nations concluded in January 1948 that the military operation in Rawagede was deliberate and ruthless. However, there were no consequences for the Netherlands. This made it easier for the Dutch legal authorities to avoid prosecuting the Dutch officer responsible for ordering the bloodbath, Major Alphons Wijnen

Foreign interference
Letters which recently came to light reveal that the authorities were in no doubt that Major Wijnen had committed war crimes. General Simon Spoor wrote to the then attorney general that a court martial would inevitably condemn major Wijnen, with disastrous consequences for his career. The attorney general decided against instigating prosecution, “Because any foreign interference or interest has now vanished.”

The number of eyewitnesses and next of kin is of course dwindling. The last survivor of the massacre – Saih bin Sakam – died last month aged 88. His death came just a few months after he visited the Netherlands to argue the case of Rawagede, which is called Balongsari now. On 9 December 1947, Saih was hit in his back and in his hand, but survived by pretending he was dead.

A meeting with veterans was not on the cards, but he did discuss his experiences with schoolchildren in the northern city of Groningen. He told them that it was not necessary to prosecute the soldiers as far as he was concerned. However, he did want the Netherlands to formally apologise to Indonesia and pay reparations.

Statute of limitations
Next of kin of victims of the Rawagede massacre have filed a lawsuit against the Dutch state. They are four widows and two sons of victims. They are demanding apologies and damages. Last year, the Netherlands acknowledged that the soldiers had committed war crimes in Rawagede, but argued that the statute of limitations had run out on these crimes.

Liesbeth Zegveld, the lawyer representing the next of kin, doesn’t think so: the Public Prosecutor’s Office still accepts claims from victims of crimes committed during World War II. A ruling in favour of the next of kin could have major consequences for victims of other Dutch actions in Indonesia. They could then expect to see their claims for damages honoured as well.

 

 

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947

 

On December 9, 1947 Dutch military forces deployed in the village of Rawagede in colonized Indonesia committed an unspeakable crime.

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village.

Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men

 

 

The Letter of Repoeblik Indonesia”Balai Harta Peninggalan” soerakarta witn official stamped

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village. Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men

are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

 

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Dutch Apology for the Massacre at Rawagede (Indonesia): How not to do State Apology

 

On December 9, 1947 Dutch military forces deployed in the village of Rawagede in colonized Indonesia committed an unspeakable crime.

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village. Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men.

 

Although the Dutch army and state acknowledged that the massacres occurred, no one was ever prosecuted or convicted for the massacres. A 1948 United Nations report described the killings “deliberate and merciless.”

 

Since the publication of the report there have been pressures on Netherlands to officially apologize for the massacres and pay compensation to the victims and survivors. None has been forthcoming. The best that the people of Rawagede got was statement that the Netherlands “deeply regrets” the massacre.

 

Finally on the sixty-fourth anniversary of the massacres, the Dutch government through its ambassador to Indonesia formally apologised for the massacres. It was a terse public statement which included the words that the survivors had waited for over six decades to hear: “On behalf of the Dutch government, I apologise for the tragedy that took place in Rawagede on the 9th of December, 1947.”

 

But the apology came only after some survivors successfully sued the Dutch government for the massacres and a court in the Netherlands ordered the government to pay compensation over the killings. Only 9 relatives are still alive and each will receive a paltry Euro 20,000 ($27,000) compensation.

 

The apology is welcome since its better late than never. But for the traumatized people of Rawagede, it provides only cold comfort. The apology is too little too late. State apologies for historical crimes and injustices are notoriously difficult to get. In this case, the belated apology from the Netherland seems to have been driven more by insular legal and public relations considerations rather than a genuine sense of national contrition for the massacres. The Dutch apology is a classic example of how not to do state apology.

 

For more on the debate over state apology for historical crimes see a recent book to which I contributed:

The NICA postmark Bij Post Kantoor Batavia stad. 9 de 47

 

December,21th.1947

A military gun show by Republicans after a large-scale maneuver, Solo / Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, December 21, 1947. Soldiers stand at attention beside their weapons and ammunition.

A military gun show by Republicans after a large-scale maneuver, Solo / Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, December 21, 1947. The helmets are a motley bunch: Japanese, British, Dutch ( nah disini kita bisa lihat ber bagai macam helm yg di pake sama tentara republik pada waktu itu hehehehe)

Two young female republican volunteers of Celebes, members of the armed youth organization “Kris” on leave in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, in December 1947 ( jadi inget cw Israel kalo jalan2 di kota nenteng senapan )

Jadi ingat swargi bapak.
Dulu terlibat langsung dgn Pertempuran 4 hari di Solo. Beliau gabung dengan Brigade 17/TP. Dapat kenang2an luka kena proyektil mortir Belanda.
Request yang dari Solo lagi pak

 

Sergt. George flour Houses in Palembang, the soldiers of the substitutes-cie. KNIL to Palembang lesson in unarmed self-defense. The men of the “Sub” come from all over Indonesia .
Date
{1946-1950}

Ambarawa: The mission of the Dutch army in Indonesia includes the security of the population against the irregulars fighting organizations, and to promote the restoration of peace and prosperity in the liberated areas. In the ranks of the KNIL are the sons of Indonesia united, vigilant and ready for the future of their country and people.
Date
{1946-1950}

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

December,22th.1947

 

 

Amsterdam – Morotai 22.12.1947

 

 

Amsterdam – Makkassar 22.12.1947

December 25 th.1947

Dutch create state of East Sumatra.

 

The ned @copyright Driwan Suwandy 2011

para serdadu Ned-indies sedang menikmati waktu senggang dengan menikmati hiburan kabaret di atas sebuah gerbong kereta api di stasiun waru jawa timur

Series 4, ’23 August 1948′

New notes were issued by the national government in 1948, in the bizarre denominations of 40, 75, 100, and 400 rupiah, plus an unissued 600 rupiah note.

On 19 December 1948, the Dutch seized Yogyakarta, reverting the head office of the Republic’s central bank, Bank Negara Indonesia, back to De Javasche Bank, with DJB offices also reopened in Surakarta and Kediri.[1]

It was planned in 1949 to revalue the national rupiah notes of the republic (which were at this time circulating in Java). To do this, “Rupiah Baru” (‘new rupiah’) notes were printed. This revaluation did not take place in Java, but some were issued in Aceh instead. The denominations printed were 10 sen (blue or red), ½ (green or red), 1 (purple or green), 10 (black or brown), 25, and 100 rupiah

Tentara Ned-indie ternyata melatih dan merekrut para relawan dari etnis tionghoa
An Tui Pan Recruits in training. Sergeant Wellaerd ut Clingendael explains the operation of the gun.

Bandung: Recruits of the Chinese Security Corps Pao An Tui in training.Exercise

 

 

 

December,27th.1947

 

NRI Djambi residency issued the local exchange coupon paper money 5 roepiah

Djambi – The serial letter combinations on the yellow notes issued in 1947 and 1948.

By Rob Huisman and Hans P. van Weeren

From 27 December 1947 to 20 May 1948, emergency paper money was issued in the Djambi residence by the Indonesian republican authority. All notes carry the description “Coupon Penukaran” (exchange note), indicating the temporary character of the emergency notes.

After the first Dutch ‘police action’, the distribution of centrally issued money (initially printed in Pematang Siantar and later in Bukittinggi) had become difficult and money scarcity occurred locally. As a result, the Indonesian republican authority issued emergency money in Sumatra on a large scale after the middle of 1947.

During the period September to November 1947 a first series of paper money was issued on white paper with manual and stamped signatures. The following emissions are known:

1 rupiah, 17 September 1947  (H-564)

 

 

½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-565)

 

 

½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-567)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-566)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-568)

 

 

5 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-569)

 

 

10 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-570)

 

 

These notes show a large variety of signatures and serial numbers.

A second series of notes was issued during the period December 1947 and May 1948, printed on paper with a yellow background color. The design of these notes is less primitive than the first series.  The only one signature – of the republican resident – is now printed.

A striking feature of this second series is the consequent use of five or six stamped serial letters. The system used has been unclear for a long time. In 1998, Adi Pratomo (Rupiah The Journal, No. 5, September 1998, pages 35 and 36) discovered that a limited number of combinations were used:

Notes with 5 letters:

ANZMY    NAMZZ

BOYLW     OBLYX

CPXKU      PCKXV

DQWJS      QDJWT

ERVIQ        REIVR

FSUHO      SFHUP

GTTGM     TGGTN

HUSFK      UHFSL

IVREI         VIERJ

JWQDG     WJDQH

KXPCE      XKCPF

LYOBC      YLBOD

MZNAA   ZMANB

Notes with 6 letters:

AbNZMY    NoAMZZ

BcOYLW    OpBLYX

CdPXKU     PqCKXV

DeQWJS    QrDJWT

EfRVIQ       RsEIVR

FgSUHO     StFHUP

GhTTGM    TuGGTN

HiUSFK      UvHFSL

IjVREI         VwIERJ

JkWQDG    WxJDQH

KlXPCE (1) XyKCPF

LmYOBC    YzLBOD

MnZNAA   ZaMANB

1 KlXPCE is not observed, however KeXPCE is known. Possibly the letter ‘e’ is used to avoid confusion between the letter ‘l’ or the number ‘1’.

Obviously a number of alphabets were used in different sequences. Maybe individual letters from a stamp box were used. It is possible that the combinations were applied as a security measure. It is a fact that notes with letter combinations outside the array always appear to be fakes when examined closer.

When observing the letter combinations of a large number of yellow Djambi notes, it becomes clear that – apart from the above mentioned – the letter combinations seamlessly continue from one denomination to the next.

Below is an overview of the know combinations and the likely sequence of the not yet observed combinations. The observed combinations are in black, and the assumed but not yet observed combinations are in red. The not yet clear transition of the serial letters of the 2 ½ rupiah is marked in blue.

Where applicable it is mentioned which combinations occur with numbers printed with a numbering machine having a number height of 5 millimeters or 5 ½ millimeters.

 

December,15th.1947

 

Local NRI banten paper moner issued at sreang in December 1947

 

 

 

December,27th,1947

 

Mgr Soegijapranoto in December 1947

Mgr. Soegija’s memorable words was when he broadcasted on the radio in 1947.

We are Indonesian Catholics side with the republic will achieve a real and complete independence
Mgr. Soegija’s wish came true on December 27, 1947, when the Dutch was willing to recognized Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, the United States of the Republic of Indonesia

Mgr. Albertus Soegijapranata, S.J. was born by the child name Soegija in Solo (Oldest=Soerakarta), Central Java, November 25, 1896. In July 26, 1963, based on Presidential Decree no. 152 of 1963, the 1st President of the United States of the Republic of Indonesia (PotUSoRI), Soekarno, awarded him as Indonesian National Hero, shortly after he passed away in Netherlands. He was buried in the Giri Tunggal Heroes Cemetery, in Semarang, Central Java. To honour the Rama Kanjeng, a street in Solo and a Catholic University in Semarang were named after his.

Mgr. Soegijapranata, the National Hero of Indonesia

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s