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VI th Century
Tarumanegara kingdom located
in the valley of the river Cisadane, Bogor, West Java. King of the Kingdom’s largest Tarumanegara is Punawarman.
Evidence of existence can be known from 7 Tarumanegara inscription written in letters Pallawa and Sanskrit. The inscription is:
- 1. Monument inscription, found in Cilincing, Jakarta. Contains the excavation of the river Gomati 11 kilometers in length, and finalized within 21 days.
- 2. Kebon Kopi inscriptions, found in Bogor, contains a painting of an elephant foot.
3. Ciaruteun inscription, found on the banks of the river Cisadane, Bogor, contains pictures of King Punawarman feet which is considered as the feet of Lord
Dynasty of Tarumanagara.
Purnawarman is Tarumanagara most famous kings. Another Prasasti about him is
(From the mid 5th Century, inscription and footprints of Purnawarman –
Hindu ruler of Taruma Negara in West Java)
List of Tarumanagara Kings:
Estuary Sand inscription
that mentions the event of return of government to the King of Sunda was made in 536 AD In that year the ruler Tarumanagara is Suryawarman (535-561 AD) King Tarumanagara to-7.
The First Indianized KingdomsKnowledge of the early Indonesian Kingdoms of the Classical or Hindu period is very shadowy -gleaned solely from old stone inscriptions and vague references in ancient Chinese, Indian and Classical texts. The island of Java, for example, was mentioned in the Ramayana (as Yawadwipa), and in the Alnagest of Ptolemy (as yabadiou).
However the first specific references to Indonesian rulers and kingdom are found in written Chinese sources and Sanskrit stone inscriptions dating from the- early 5th Century.
The stone inscriprions written in the south-lndian Pallawa script). were issued by lndonesian rulers in two different areas of the archipelago- Kutei on the eastern coast of Kalimantan and Tarumanegara on the Citarum River in West Java (near Bogor).
Both rulers were Hindus whose power seems to have derived from a combination of wet-rice agriculture and maritime trade.Also. in the early 5th Century.
there is the interesting figure of Fa Hsien.
a Chinese Buddhist monk who journeyed to India to obtain Buddhist scriptures and was then shipwrecked on Java on his way home. In his memoirs (translated into English by James Ledge as, Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms),
Fa Hsien note
that there were many Brahmans and heretics on Java, but that the Budhist Dharma there was not worth mentioning. His comment highlight a fascinating feature of Indianized Indonesia-that while some early kingdom were mainly Hindu, others were primarily Buddhist.
As time went on the distinction became increasingly blurred.Another fact of life for the Hinduized states of lndonesia was that their power depended greatly on control of the maritime trade.
from the early 8th Century onward, great Indianized kingdoms established them-selved here. They first supplied Sriwijaya with rice and later began to compete with her for a share of the maritime trade
(Temple relief from Borobudur)
(The so-called wayang-kulit style of temple sculpture of Candi Jago)
who have got the influence of India introduced the system of the kingdom to the Austronesian peoples in the valley of the river Tabalong Maanyan tribes and hill tribes so that the establishment of
the Kingdom Tanjungpuri / Nan Sarunai kingdom
centered in the Cape.
During the 7th century until the 14th century