KISI INFO INDONESIA ABAD 8(BERSAMBUNG)

ABAD KE 8

Borobudur temple

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

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sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

Dr IWAN SUWANDY,MHA

PENEMU DAN PRESIDEN PERTAMA

PERHIMPUNAN

KISI

(KOLEKSTOR INFORMASI SEJARAH INDONESIA)

TAHUN 2013-2020

SEJEN KISI

LILI WIDJAJA,MM

DEWAN KEHORMATAN

KETUA

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Forbidden to copy without written permission by the author

Dieng Plateau, is a marshy plateau that forms the floor of a caldera complex on the Dieng active volcano complex, and is located at Banjarnegara, Central Java, Indonesia.

 



there are Hindu temples from the 7th and 8th centuries, the oldest Hindu temples in Central Java, and the first known standing stone structures in Java.

 

They are originally thought to have numbered 400 but only 8 remain.

 

The Dieng structures were small and relatively plain, but stone architecture developed substantially in only a matter of decades resulting in masterpieces such as the Prambanan complex and Borobudur.

 

 

 The earliest architectural usage of the Javanese demonic masks and marine monsters are exhibited along the niches and doorways of the remaining structures.

 

 The name “Dieng” comes from Di Hyang which means “Abode of the Gods”.

 

Its misty location almost 2000 m above sea level, and its mists, poisonous effusions and sulphur-coloured lakes make it a particularly auspicious place for religious tribute.

 

The temples are small shrines built as monuments to the god-ancestors and dedicated to Shiva, rather than acting as a convenience to man.

700:

Effect of the kingdom of Srivijaya Malay and marked the discovery of the Buddha statue and a stone inscribed alphabet Dipamkara Pallawa “siddha” from the 7th century in the Amas river, South Kalimantan.

 

723 the Sundan king which became the Mataram and Majapahit King

Raja Sunda yang menjadi Raja di Mataram dan Majapahit



Sanjaya

( Rakeyan Jamri / Prabu Harisdama,)

The second Sunda King

 raja ke 2 Kerajaan Sunda

(723 – 732M),

Became the King of Mataram K8ingdom(732-860 AD( and he found the Ancient Mataram kingdom and also the  Sandjaja Reign

menjadi raja di Kerajaan Mataram (Hindu) (732 – 760M). Ia adalah pendiri Kerajaan Mataram Kuno, dan sekaligus pendiri Wangsa Sanjaya.

 

The Srivijaya ‘s Candi Bahal

were not famous in the world, becaause ver hard to visit this interseting and historic area, i hope UNESCO will register this monument as The Human Heritage Ancient Building of Ancient Indonesia heritage and give the fund to restored and clean tha area because my friend Kali siregar have report the situation of that candi not so well , please look at the illustration and information of Candi Bahal.

1. The Candi Bahal Plaque in the front of monument

 

2. The Candi bahal Area not clean, dirty, oh my god please UNESCO dan Indonesia Govermenmert and menistry of Tourism and native Art save this human heritage.

 

3. Information Of Bahal candi

1)Candi Bahal were built during Srivijaya Kingdom and Raja Chola Of Tamil Empire attack Srivijaya ,stiil confueced stiil in studies.the smae with candi  Muara Takus near Kampar river Riaouw. name  Candi bahal , may be from Berhala , native indonesia languange means Goddest not therreal GOD, more famous with name candi portibi because  located at kecamatan portibi di sibuhuan kabupaten padang lawas, where many tapanuli etnis lived there, like  suku batak mandailing. Siregar, hasibuan, harahap, nasution, lubis, dst Battak Mandailing Ethnis.

Candi bahal consist three monument , yaitu candi bahal I, II, dan III  which different locations Bahal II 300 m from  bahal I dan bahal III  100 meter from the road ,pass the villagers house and Sawah rice field.

Now  candi bahal didnot used for pyaring, the location situatio not so well and dirty. please look the front Candi Bahal ‘s Wooden Name Plaque

 

Very intersting, during afternone during the sunside .all the”Bata “became red, how beautiful that candi.

 

.2) Location

The  Candi Bahal before someone have toll me near Gunung Tua city, but during my adventure in that area noone now, this day my friend  Klai Siregar have write about the location, at  Padang Lawas ,the road  Padang sidempuan dan Padangbolak.After past  sibuhuan, if from Pekanbaru through small road  , candi bahal at the right about 0,8 km from the road enter inside. The roiad condition waving because too muck Sait Truck running on this road. The private car from zmedean to candi Bahal  will took time  13-15 hours, better toking the general Bus from  medan-padang sidempuan , after that taking new bus from padang sidempuan-padang bolak and at least padang bolak- bahal village..3) More illustration of Candi Bahal

a) Candi Bahal I

b) Candi Bahal II

c) Candi Bahal III

d) candi bahal relief

e)Candi Bahal artifact.

The complete informations and illustrations only for premium members

the end @ copyright DR Iwan S  2010.,

 

kompleks halaman candi Bahal penuh dengan sampah, perlu mendapatkan perhatiana dari Pemerintah daerah setempat, karean candi ini merupakan warisah Nenek Moyang Bangsa Indonesia , masa Kerjaan Srivijaya dan penyerangan oleh Raja Chola dari India, masih menjadi penelitian apakan candi ini didirikan oleh Srivijaya atau Raja Chola dari Tamil, sma dengan candi Muara Takus di Riau dekat sungai Kampar.

saya yang sudah dari bayi tinggal di sumatera  telah tahu kalau ada candi di Tapanuli. tetapi saat bertualang diwilayah tersebut tahun 1976 sampai 1985 saya tidak memperoleh informasi tentang candi ini,

 

ada yang mengatakan candi tersebut berada di sekitar kota Gunung Tua, tetapi waktu ditanya pada penduduk setempat mereka tidak tahu ,

 

 syukurlah ada info baru ternyata lokasinya di Padang Lawas ,jalan antara Padang sidempuan dan Padangbolak.

 

Syukurlah pada hari ini saya membaca artikel di Kompasiana karangan Kali Siregar , yang memberikan beberapa informasi tentang candi tersebut berikut illustrasinya,

 

penulis mengucapkan terima kasih,dan bila ada kesempatan akan bertualang kesana. marilah kita baca informasi tersebut dibawah ini :

 

1. Candi bahal namanya, namun lebih dikenal dengan sebutan candi portibi karna letaknya di kecamatan portibi di sibuhuan kabupaten padang lawas, daerah yang banyak ditempati suku batak mandailing. Siregar, hasibuan, harahap, nasution, lubis, dst adalah sederet marga yang termasuk batak mandailing. Kebetulan dalam perjalanan balik mudik dari pekanbaru saya melewati sibuhuan, rugi rasanya kalau tak berkunjung, kali pertama melihat candi pikir saya. Kalau dari pekanbaru jalan kecil ke candi bahal ini berada di sebelah kanan kurang lebih 0,8 km dari jalan lintas masuk ke dalam. Kondisi jalan bergelombang karna sering dilewati truk pengangkut kelapa sawit. Candi ini merupakan peninggalan kerajaan sriwijaya

2.Banyak pedagang yang berjualan di badan jalan, mungkin karna lagi musim lebaran jadi banyak yang memanfaatkannya untuk berdagang. Kira-kira jam 4 sore kami disana, saat itu kompleks candi bahal ini ramai dikunjungi, bahkan tak jarang yang berebutan background poto yang ujung-ujungnya jadi ajang pamer di fecebook, termasuk saya dan keluarga yang bergantian poto dengan background candi dari pintu masuknya

 

. Ternyata itu hanya terjadi kalau di musim liburan, di hari biasa bisa dikatakan tak ada yang mengunjungi candi ini. Maklum saja, dari kota medan candi ini harus di tempuh selama 13-15 jam dengan kenderaan pribadi, dan lebih rumit kalau menggunakan angkutan, harus naik bus medan-padang sidempuan lalu dilanjutkan dengan angkutan padang sidempuan-padang bolak dan padang bolak-desa bahal

Candi bahal ini terdiri dari III, yaitu candi bahal I, II, dan III yang letaknya terpisah beberapa meter. Bahal II berjarak kurang lebih 300 m dari bahal I dan bahal III kira-kira 100 meter dari jalan namun harus melewati rumah penduduk dan pematang sawah terlebih dahulu.

Berbeda dengan candi di pulau jawa yang rata-rata digunakan untuk peribadatan, candi bahal ini tidak digunakan untuk ibadah. Keadaan kompleks candi juga sembrawut dan tak terawat, hal ini terlihat dari banyaknya ilalang yang tinggi disekitar candi. Saya pun sedikit kesulitan untuk mendapatkan poto dengan view papan nama candi

 

sekaligus bangunannya karna terhalang pohon liar kecil yang tumbuh didepan papan nama.

Kompleks candi pun bisa dibilang menjelma menjadi tempat pembuangan sampah karna sepanjang jalan menuju kompleks dari jalan lintas, sampah bertebaran apalagi di dalam kompleks. Parahnya lagi saat melihat ke dalam candi yang ada ruangan itu dijadikan toilet dadakan karna bau pesing yang menusuk hidung.

Yang menarik bagi  yang baru pertama kali melihat candi, indah sekali mengabadikan candi yang terkena sinar matahari sore, candi bahal ini pun menjelma menjadi merah bata , lihatlah betapa indahnya juga Stupa Candi Bahal

 

The end@copyright Dr Iwan S 2010., illustrasi dan  info courtecy Kali Siregar. (trims Siregar,horas!!!)

 

 

 

732

The Sailendras and the Sanjayas

From the beginning, a tension developed in central Java between competing Buddhist and Hindu ruling families.

 The first central-Javanese temples and inscriptions, dating from 732 A.D.,

were the work of a Hindu ruler by the name of Sanjaya.Very soon thereafter, however, a Budhist line of kings known as the Sailendras (Lords of the Mountain) seem to have comefrom the north coast of Java to impose their rule over Sanjaya and his descendants.

The Sailendras maintained close relations with Sriwijaya (both rulers were Buddhist) and ruled Java for about 100 years.

 During this relatively short period they constructed the magnificent Buddhist monuments of Borobudur, Mendut, Kalasan, Sewu and many others in the shadow of majestic Mt. Merapi. Still now this area is blessed with unusually fertile soils, and already in ancient times it must have supported a vast population, who all participated in the erection of these state monuments.

 

 

Plaosan temple

 


The statue of Durga Mahisasuramardini in northern cella of Shiva temple,

Prambanan temple complex in Central Java. Also called Durga Loro Jonggrang
Candi (pronounced /ˈtʃandiː/) are commonly refer to Hindu and Buddhist temples
or sanctuaries in Indonesia, most of which were built from the 8th to the 15th centuries.

 

 However, ancient non-religious structures such as gates, habitation remnants, or pool and bathplaces are often also called as “candi”…The term “candi” itself derived from Candika one of the manifestation of the goddess Durga as the goddess of death.[Soekmono, Dr R. (1973). Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Kanisius. pp. 81.] This suggested in ancient Indonesia the “candi” has mortuary function as well as attributed with the afterlife. The association of the name “candi”, candika or durga with Hindu-Buddhist temples is unknown in India and other Indonesia’s Southeast Asian neighbours such as Cambodia, Thailand, or Burma.

 

 The historians suggested that temples of ancient Java also used to store the ashes of cremated deceased kings or royalties.

 

This is also in-line with buddhist concept of stupa as the structure to store buddhist relicts including the ashes and remnants of holy buddhist priest or the buddhist king, the patron of buddhism. The statue of god stored inside the garbhagriha (main chamber) of the temple often modelled after the deceased king and considered as deified self of the king portrayed as Vishnu or Shiva.

 

The Prambanan compound also known as Loro Jonggrang complex,

 

 named after the popular legend of Loro Jonggrang. There are 237 temples in this Shivaite temple complex, either big or small…The middle zone consists of four rows of 224 individual small shrines.

 

There are great numbers of these temples, but most of them are still in ruins and only some have been reconstructed. These concentric rows of temples were made in identical design. Each row towards the center is slightly elevated.

 

 These shrines are called “Candi Perwara” guardian or complementary temples,

 

the additional buildings of the main temple. Some believed it was offered to the king as a sign of submission. The Perwara are arranged in four rows around the central temples, some believed it has something to do with four castes, made according to the rank of the people allowed to enter them; the row nearest to the central compound was accessible to the priests only, the other three were reserved for the nobles, the knights, and the simple people respectively.

 While another believed that the four rows of Perwara has nothing to do with four castes, it just simply made as meditation place for priests and as worship place for devotees.

.

 

 745:

Arrival of Islam in the archipelago

 was first marked in the invention Batu Nisan Sandai Sandai, Ketapang territory of the Kingdom Tanjungpura bertarikh 127 Hijri (745 AD).

 

 

 

 

Srivijaya

Srivijaya, also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya,

 was a powerful ancient Malay empire based on the island of Sumatra, modern day Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia. The earliest solid proof of its existence dates from the 7th century;

 a Chinese monk,

 I-Tsing,

wrote that he visited…

 ruled Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, and western Java (Sunda)

 

 

 

sīlĕnˈdrä,

 

 

sīlĕnˈdrä,

name of a dynasty in Indonesia and SE Asia. The dynasty appeared in central Java in the 7th cent. and had consolidated its position by the mid-8th cent.

The Sailendras, who adopted Buddhism,

extended their power over the Sumatran domains of Sri Vijaya and the Malay Peninsula and exerted influence in Siam and Indochina

.

 

 

778 AD

 The earliest dated inscription in Indonesia in which the dynastic name Sailendra appears is

the Kalasan inscription of central Java, dated 778 AD,

which commemorates the establishment of a Buddhist shrine for

the Buddhist goddess Tara.[2]

 

 

 

782 AD

The name also appears in several other inscriptions like

the Kelurak inscription (782)

and the Karangtengah (824).

Outside Indonesia, the name Sailendra is to be found in

the Ligor inscription (775)

on the Malay peninsula and the mid-9th century Nalanda inscription.[2]

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