INDONESIA INDEPENDENT REVOLUTION AND WAR HISTORY COLLECTION 1945

THIS THE SAMPLE OF DR IWAN CD ROM,THE COMPLETE EXIST,IF YOU WANT THE COMPLETE CD 1945-1945,PRICE TIGA JUTA RUPIAH SUDAH TERMASUK BIAYA PENGIRIMAN LIWAT TIKI,BAGI KOLEKTOR LUAR NEGERI SILAHKAN MEMINTA BANTUAN KOLEKTOR INDONESIA BECAUASU DIFFICULT AND HIGH COST TO SEND ABROAD,

SILAHKAN MENGHUBUNGI EMAIL DR IWA

iwansuwandy@gmail.com

DENGAN MENGUPLOAD KOPI ktp,RIWAYAT HIDUP SINGKAT,SERTA ALAMAT LENGKAP DENGAN NOMOR TILPON AGAR TIBA DENGAN SELAMAT BILA DIKIRIM KE RUMAH ANDA

THIA AMPLE FROM JAULY TO AUGUST 1945

THE INDONESIAN INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR HISTORY COLLECTION

PART

INTRODUCTION

BY

DR IWANSUWANDY,MHA

LIMITED E-BOOK IN CD ROM EDITION

SPECIAL FOR SENIOR COLLECTORS ONLY

COPYRIGHT @DR IWAN 2014

kemrdekaan di sumatra,salah satu koleksi langka yang ditampilkan dalam buku saya

SEKALI MERDEKA TETAP MERDEKA

dependent day august,17th.1945

 

 

” Saudara-saudara sekalian.

saudara-saudara hadir disini untuk menyaksikan suatu peristiwa maha penting dalah sejarah kita.

Berpuluh-puluh tahun kita bangsa indonesia telah bejuang untuk kemerdekaan tanah air kita. Bahkan beratus-rqatus tahun !

Gelombang aksi kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan kita itu ada naik dan turunnya,tetapi jiwa kita tetap menujuu ke arah cita-cita.

Juga didalm zanman Jepang , usaha kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan nasional tidak berhenti-henti. di dalam zaman Jepang itu,tampaknya saja kita menyandarkan diri kepada mereka, tetapi pada hakekatnya tetap kita menyusun tenaga sendiri, tetap kita percaya kepada kekuatan sendiri.

Sekarang tibalah saatnya kita benar-benar mengambil nasib bangsa dn nasib tanah air didalam tangan kita sendiri.

Hanya bangsa yang berani mengambil nasib dalam tangan sendiri, akan dapt berdiri dengan kuatnya.

Maka,kami tadi malam telah menadakan musyawarah dengan pemuka-pemuka rakyat Indonesia dari seluru Indonesia .

Permusyawaratan ity seiiya sekata berpendapat,bahwa sekaranglah datang saatnya untuk menyatakan kemerdekaan itu.

Saudara-saudara dengan ini,kami menyatakan kebulatan tekat itu.

Dengarlah proklamasi kami.

PROKLAMASI

Kami bangsa Indonesia dengan ini menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal yang mengenai pemindahan kekuasaan dan lain-lain diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama dan dalam tempo sesingkat-singkatnya.

 

Jakarta,17 Agustus 1945

Atan nama Bangsa Indonesia

Soekarno -Hatta

Singkat,hanya dua kalimat,tidak sampai 30 kata.

Kata-kata sederhana dipilih dengan cermat,netral,tidak emosional,tidak menghasut,suatu pemberitahuan yang tidak menyinggung siapapun.

Ditujukan kepada bangsa sendiri dan kepada seluruh dunia.Bahwa,mulai saat ini,Indonesia bangsa merdeka.

Pemindahan kekuasaan dan bukan pengambilalihan kekuasaan dari siapapun. Diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama maksunya teratur dan bukan semerawutan.Dalam tempo yang sesingkat=singkatnya artinya sebelum siapapun datang atau datang kembali untuk meniadakan kemerdekaan kita.Disusul dengan kata-kata penutup yang juga singkat dan tenang,tapi jelas.

Demikianlah saudara-saudar .Kita sekarang telah merdeka.Kita sekarang telah merdeka.

Tidak ada satu ikatan lagi yang mengikat tanah air kita dan bangsa kita.Mulai saat ini kita menyusun Negara kita.Negara Merdeka.

Negara Republik Indonesia.Merdeka,kekal,dan abadi. Insyaalah Tuhan memberkahi kemerdekaan itu(diturunkan dari himpunan Peraturan Perundangan-Undangan RI ,1989 Jakrta.penusun dan penerbit PT Ichtiar Baru-van Hoeve)

After that Latief Hendranigrat with Peta Uniform mengerek(up) the Red and white flag with penghormatan (honour to ) .The Indonesian national anthem sing spontanously together without derigent(conductor0 .

The ceremony simple without protocoler, dihadiri only by hundreds people,with their ordinary shirt,without pasukan kehormatan(Honouraly ),without music corps,without radio journalist and without reception because that time Ramadhan month(puasa,feast) every bodies proud  and many cries.

No Dai nippon Kempetai attack ,although the Banteng Movement(Barisan banteng) Had already exist to protect command by Dr Muwardi and Sudiro with young man militan included the Medical Doctor student  in the command of Piet Mamahit and Suraryo whic send from their headquaters(Markas) at Prapatan 10 street

 

The Informations above always seeden in Indonesia exhibition,but the complete info in CD-ROM many unpublished info and illustrations exist.

Because too many of my frined still didn’t bought the original complete CD-ROM due to the many problem , I will show the list of Info part July-August 1945

Especially for my new friend Dr Eko Prasetyo manado,and Mr Richard susilo Tokyo

 

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

part one 1945

Base On Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited   Edition  Special For Collectors.

 

 

 

 

Introduction

BACKGROUND

1945 TIMELINE
September 1 Van Mook, Dutch Lieutenant-Governor of the Indies, meets British Lord Mountbatten in Ceylon, and asks that Japanese troops still in Indonesia be ordered by the British to suppress the Republican government. Mountbatten agrees, but the Japanese delay.
October 23 1945 Under British pressure, Van Mook meets with Sukarno for informal talks. Neither side gives ground
October 25 British 49th Indian Infantry arrives under General Mallaby.
October 27 British airplanes drop leaflets on Surabaya demanding surrender by Republican forces within 24 hours. British troops on the ground are nearly destroyed by Indonesian troops and mobs of ordinary people
October 29 Sukarno and Hatta arrive in Surabaya by plane. Sukarno and General Mallaby agree on a truce. Poor communications and general chaos prevent Sukarno from enforcing the truce.
October 30 British Major General Hawthorn flies to Surabaya from Jakarta.
Sukarno, Hatta, Mallaby, and Hawthorn sign a cease-fire. Five hours later Mallaby is killed.
British bombard Surabaya as punishment, thousands are left dead or homeless. British strafe civilian refugees on highway.
November 1945 British 5th Indian Division lands at Surabaya.
November 10 (Heroes’ Day/Hari Pahlawan) Indonesian counterattack in Surabaya. Fighting continues for three weeks. 600 Indian troops defect from the British and join the Indonesians
1946  
January 31 Gen. Spoor takes command of Dutch forces in the Indies
March 24 An ultimatum was given by the British commander in Bandung for the Indonesian combatants in Bandung to leave the city. In response, the southern part of Bandung was deliberately burned down in an act of defiance as they left, an event which came to be known as Bandung Lautan Api (or Bandung Sea of Fire)

The revolutionary song “Hallo-hallo Bandung” was sung
by hundreds of Indonesian nationalists in Bandung
April Dutch forces replace the British in Bandung.

“Bandung Lautan Api”: Indonesians start to burn down the city rather than surrender it to the Dutch. Much of the southern part of Bandung is burned.

April 14 Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at
Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful.
July Allies officially turn over all of Indonesia except Java and Sumatra to Dutch.
July 15 Van Mook calls conference at Malino, Sulawesi,
to plan for new Dutch-sponsored state in eastern Indonesia.
September Talks are reopened between the Sjahrir government and the Dutch at Linggajati, near Cirebon.
October 14 Preliminary military truce signed at Linggajati
November 15 Linggajati agreement: Dutch recognize Republic of Indonesia authority in Java, Sumatra and Madura. Both sides agree to form United States of Indonesia with Netherlands crown as symbolic head.

The Dutch delayed ratifying the agreement.

November 29 Last British troops leave Indonesia.
November
Dutch Capt. Raymond Westerling begins campaign in
South Sulawesi against Republican youths.
Westerling and his men commit many war crimes against citizens, including atrocities against children and hospital patients.

Capt. Raymond Westerling was a notorious rogue officer for the Dutch during Indonesia’s war of independence.
He headed a KNIL detachment called the Depot Speciale Troepen, which was implicated in war crimes which took as many as 5000 civilian lives.

1947  
March 25 Netherlands government finally ratifies Linggajati agreement
July 20 First Dutch “police action “Dutch troops occupy West Java, East Java, Madura, Semarang, Medan, Palembang, Padang, bomb many cities.

By the start of the first Dutch “police action”, there were 92,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia

  On July 21, 1947, the Dutch, claiming violations of the Linggajati Agreement, launched the socalled “First Police action” against the Republic. Dutch troops drove the republicans out of Sumatra and East and West Java, confining them to the Yogyakarta region of Central Java.The United Nations (UN) Security Council established a Good Offices Committee to sponsor further negotiations.
This action led to the Renville Agreement (named for the United States Navy ship on which the negotiations were held), which was ratified by both sides on January 17, 1948. It recognized
temporary Dutch control of areas taken by the police action but provided for referendums in occupied areas on their political future.
July 24 20,000 March in anti-war demonstration in Amsterdam.
USA and Britain are unhappy with the “police action”; India, Australia, and the Soviet Union support the Republic of Indonesia in the UN. Refugees pour into Central Java. Australia boycotts Dutch shipping
August 1 UN Security Council calls for cease-fire in Indonesia
August 4 Ceasefire agreed to by Dutch and Sukarno, but is ignored in the field.

Dutch declare “Van Mook line” at the edge of their military advances in Java and Sumatra.

October Dutch military tries to consolidate control of areas within the “Van Mook line”.
Dutch take control of all of Madura.
United Nations “Good Offices Commission” is organized, with the goal of finding a settlement in Indonesia. Australia, Belgium, and the United States take part.
December 8 Dutch and Indonesian representatives meet on board the U.S.S. Renville, a U.S. Navy transport stationed in the Philippines, which was moved to akarta harbor for the talks.
1948  
January 17 Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.
The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.
March 9 Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution.

By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever.
His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule

October 11 Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.
Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”
December 18 .
Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.
  Immediately following the Madiun Affair, the Dutch launched a second “police action” that captured Yogyakarta on December 19, 1948. Soekarno, Hatta, and other republican leaders were arrested and exiled to northern Sumatra on the island of Bangka. An emergency republican government was established in western Sumatra. But The Hague’s hard-fisted policies aroused a strong international reaction not only among newly independent Asian countries, such as India, but also among members
of the UN Security Council, including the United States. In January 1949, the Security Council passed a resolution demanding the reinstatement of the republican government. The Dutch were also pressured to accept a full transfer of authority in the archipelago to Indonesians by July 1, 1950. The Round Table Conference was held in The Hague from August 23 to November 2, 1949 to determine the means by which the transfer could be accomplished. Parties to the negotiations were the Republic, the Dutch,
and the federal states that the Dutch had set up following their police actions.
December 19 Second Police action

Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.
Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.
Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.

Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.

December 22 UN is outraged at Dutch; Dutch attack while UN observers are at Kaliurang.

19 Asian countries boycott Dutch

USA suspends postwar aid to the Netherlands (Marshall Plan money) that is budgeted for military use
in Indonesia.

December 24 UN Security Council calls for end to hostilities.
December 31 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Java.
1949  
January 5 Dutch accept UN call for ceasefire in Sumatra
There was significant guerilla activity against the Dutch during this period, led by Nasution and Sudirman. At the height of Dutch activity in the 1940s, there were around 150,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya refuses Dutch offer to head new Javanese state, resigns as head of Yogya government, and gives help to Republic guerilla fighters.

January 28 UN Security Council demands release of the Republican government, and independence for Indonesia by July 1, 1950.
February 7 Resolution is introduced in United States Senate to stop all Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands. Resolution is defeated on March 8.
March 31 U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson privately tells Dutch that their Marshall Plan aid is still in jeopardy
April 6 United States Senate passes resolution to stop Marshall Plan aid to the Netherlands, but only if the UN Security Council votes sanctions against the Netherlands.
April 22 Dutch announce that they will return the Republican government to Yogya if the guerilla war stops
May Sukarno and Hatta remain in custody on Bangka.
May 7 “Roem-Van Royen” agreement: Dutch agree to restore the Republic of Indonesia government, to hold talks according to the UN Security Council resolution of January 28, and to work towards a settlement based on the Renville agreement.

General Spoor, commander of the Dutch troops in Indonesia, resigns.
He dies of a heart attack on May 25. (There are rumors that he was poisoned).

June 24 Dutch troops begin evacuating Yogya
June 29 Indonesian troops enter Yogya.
July 6 Republican government returns to Yogya.
Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX receives Sukarno and Hatta at the Kraton.
July 13 Power is transferred back from the emergency PDRI government under Prawiranegara to the
Republican government in Yogya under Sukarno.
Dutch-created states hold conference, support joining the Republic.
August Republic troops retake Surakarta
August 11 Ceasefire on Java
August 15 Ceasefire on Sumatra.
Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya coordinates handovers from Dutch to Republic.
Dutch begin releasing 12,000 prisoners.
August 23 Round Table conference begins in the Hague. Hatta head delegation for the Republic of Indonesia, Sultan of Pontianak heads delegation from the Dutch-created states.
November 2 The Hague Agreement is the result of the Round Table Conference: “Republik Indonesia Serikat” is supposed to have the crown of the Netherlands as a symbolic head, Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-President. It consists of 15 Dutch-created states plus the original Republic. Sovereigny is to be transferred by December 30. Dutch investments are protected, and the new government is responsible for the billion-dollar Netherlands Indies government debt.
The Dutch keep Irian Jaya.
December 27 Dutch formally transfer sovereignty to
“Republik Indonesia Serikat” (Republic of United States of Indonesia)
December 28

Sukarno returns to Jakarta

1950  
January 23 Dutch Capt. Westerling attempts assassination and coup in Bandung; some members of Dutch-created Pasundan government are involved.
February 9 Pasundan government dissolves itself.
February 22 Westerling leaves Indonesia via Singapore using a forged Netherlands passport.
July Republic of Indonesia troops begin putting down Republic of South Maluku.
Fighting continues on Ambon and Buru until November.
July 20 The Netherlands Indies armed forces (KNIL) are officially disbanded
As many as 300,000 Dutch citizens left Indonesia for the Netherlands during the early 1950s
August 17 New constitution; the new Republic of Indonesia is made out of the original (now expanded) Republic, Sumatra Timur and East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur Jakarta is the capital of the Republic.
The Netherlands and Indonesia remain in a theoretical constitutional union, but Indonesia is fully independent
September 26 Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations
1956  
May 8 Constitutional union between Indonesia and the Netherlands is dissolved.
1961  
September Indonesia introduces the West Irian issue into the U.N. General Assembly again,
and is again unsuccessful.
September 26 Netherlands foreign minister Luns tells the U.N. General Assembly that the Netherlands would be
willing to yield West Irian to U.N. administration.
1962  
January 12 Army confirms to the press that operations have begun in West Irian
February 1 Dutch charter flight with 110 soldiers bound for West Irian stops to refuel in Alaska. A riot attacks the U.S. Embassy in Jakarta in retaliation.
The U.S. bans further Dutch charter flights through U.S. airspace as a result
February 11 U.S. Atty. Gen. Robert F Kennedy arrives in Jakarta for negotiations on West Irian.
February 25 Robert Kennedy continues to the Netherlands; informs the Netherlands government that the U.S. will not support the Dutch should the conflict escalate
April Indonesian military pressure on West Irian increases, including air and sea attacks.
June Dutch agree to follow the general line of the “Bunker Plan”.

(Editor’s note: In 1962, at the request of the United Nations US diplomat Ellsworth Bunker, mediated a dispute between the Netherlands and Indonesia over what was then known as Dutch New Guinea (later West Irian). After several months of negotiations, the “Bunker plan” that emerged was accepted on all sides, and the area was surrendered to Indonesia).

August 15 Dutch agree to transfer West Irian to United Nations on October 1. UN is to transfer West Irian to Indonesia on May 1, 1963. Elections are to decide the ultimate fate of the territory
September 21 U.N. General Assembly ratifies the West Irian agreement
1963  
May 1 UN hands over control of West Irian to Indonesia
 
 
 

De Verenigde Staten van Amerika en de dekolonisatie van Indonesië

Het begrip ‘dekolonisatie’ verwijst naar een proces; het is niets iets dat zich plotseling voltrekt, geen overgang van ‘zwart’ naar ‘wit’, en het heeft nooit de vorm van een mooi afgesloten geheel. Dekolonisatie is een proces dat langzaam en zigzaggend verloopt, en waarbij er sprake is van zogenaamde ‘grijze’ gebieden. Daar komt nog bij dat er zowel processen van continuïteit als van verandering bij betrokken zijn.

Een voorbeeld waarbij deze complexiteit duidelijk naar voren komt is de periode van machtsovername door de Japanse bezettingsmacht: een tijdvak waarin de repressie tijdens het Nederlandse koloniale bewind overging in een nog grotere repressie onder Japans bewind. Gedurende hun relatief korte periode van overheersing waren de Japanners meer geneigd tot willekeur in hun optreden jegens de bevolking van Indonesië dan de vertegenwoordigers van het Nederlandse koloniale gezag vóór hen, en het aantal slachtoffers van de Japanse bezettingsmacht was dan ook navenant hoog. Iets dergelijks als het Japanse romusha-systeem [de Japanners zetten Indonesiërs als dwangarbeiders in, noot redactie] met de daaraan verbonden wreedheden jegens de Indonesische bevolking heeft in de Nederlandse koloniale tijd nooit bestaan. Dit hogere aantal slachtoffers was echter ook gedeeltelijk het gevolg van het feit dat de Japanners in een oorlog verwikkeld waren, de oorlog tegen de geallieerde strijdkrachten. Ook in de manier waarop de Indonesische bevolking in beweging kwam en zich organiseerde in een poging het vaderland te bevrijden van de vreemde overheersers, Nederlanders en Japanners, komt de complexiteit van de dekolonisatie tot uiting.

De machtswisseling die plaatsvond na het verlies van de Japanners verliep in feite relatief rustig; de machtsoverdracht vond plaats na de proclamatie van de onafhankelijkheidsverklaring op 17 augustus 1945 zonder massaal geweld. Die periode van schijnbare rust duurde echter niet lang: de twee politionele acties en de strijd gedurende de onafhankelijkheidsoorlog laten zien dat het proces van de dekolonisatie van Indonesië gepaard ging met veel geweld en bloedvergieten.

Het tekenen van de souvereiniteitsoverdracht in december 1949 betekende nog niet dat de dekolonisatie voltooid was. Zoals duidelijk werd uit de onderhandelingen tijdens de Ronde Tafel-conferentie in Den Haag, restten nog de problemen rondom Nieuw-Guinea, de kwestie van Indonesië’s schuld aan de Nederlandse regering, en de kwestie van de Indonesisch-Nederlandse Unie. En zelfs nadat deze zaken waren beslecht, bleken nog vele facetten binnen de Indonesische samenleving koloniale erfenissen te zijn, zoals het rechtssysteem, het sociaal-politieke optreden van de burgerlijke en militaire elite, en het model van de verhoudingen tussen centrum en periferie. Kortom, het feit dat de Indonesiërs het juk van de Nederlandse koloniale overheersing van zich af hadden weten te werpen betekende geenszins dat daarmee ook een eind was gekomen aan het proces van dekolonisatie.

En daarmee komen we bij het belang van het onderzoek naar de dekolonisatie van Indonesië zoals wordt uitgevoerd door de onderzoekers van het NIOD-onderzoeksprogramma ‘Van Indië naar Indonesië. De herschikking van de Indonesische samenleving’. Het onderzoeksprogramma omvat een zevental deelonderzoeken die tezamen tot doel hebben inzicht te verschaffen in de betekenis van het dekolonisatieproces voor de verschillende bevolkingsgroepen in de verschillende regio’s in Nederlands-Indië/Indonesië.’

Maar er is nog een andere belangrijke factor waarnaar gekeken dient te worden, namelijk de rol die de Verenigde Staten hebben gespeeld bij de dekolonisatie van Indonesië, in het bijzonder sinds de toename van de spanningen tijdens de Koude Oorlog.

Als gevolg van deze spanningen na de Tweede Wereldoorlog tussen het kapitalistische Westen onder leiding van de Verenigde Staten en het Oosten dat gedomineerd werd door de communistische Sovjet Unie, waren de Verenigde Staten bang dat Indonesië, na zich bevrijd te hebben van de Nederlanders, in handen van de communisten zou vallen. Deze angst van de Verenigde Staten was zeker niet ongegrond, aangezien het communisme een zekere aanhang genoot onder de Indonesiërs; dit werd ook weerspiegeld in de PKI opstand in 1926 en de Madiun-affaire in 1948.

Het zal dan ook geen verbazing wekken dat de Verenigde Staten zich actief opstelden tijdens de Ronde Tafel-conferentie in 1949, waar Merle Cochran optrad als vertegenwoordiger van de Verenigde Staten. Cochran trad echter niet op als een neutrale waarnemer, maar als een actieve en invloedrijke participant. Zo maakte de Indonesische delegatie tijdens deze conferentie bezwaar tegen enkele punten uit de overeenkomst van de Indonesisch-Nederlandse Unie, de schuld aan Nederland die op de schouders van de jonge Republiek Indonesië werd gelegd, en enkele zaken die betrekking hadden op de status van Nieuw-Guinea. Maar het was vanwege Amerikaanse drang (en de belofte van economische hulp) via Cochran dat de Indonesische delegatie bereid was water bij de wijn te doen en enkele punten te accepteren die later ten nadele van de Republiek Indonesië zouden blijken uit te werken.

Het was echter al ver voor de Ronde Tafel-conferentie in Den Haag dat de Verenigde Staten zich wilden bemoeien met de dekolonisatie van Indonesië. Zo schreef Roosevelt in april 1942 een brief aan koningin Wilhelmina waarin hij zijn steun betuigde voor het herstel van het Nederlandse koloniale gezag in Nederlands-Indië nadat de Japanners verslagen zouden zijn (sommigen meenden zelfs dat Roosevelt dit deed vanwege zijn Nederlandse achtergrond). Het mag duidelijk zijn dat een dergelijke steunbetuiging van de Verenigde Staten grote invloed heeft gehad op het voornemen van Nederland om de Archipel opnieuw te koloniseren.

Ten tijde van het kabinet Sukiman had de regering van president Truman het plan heimelijk de Indonesische regering te beïnvloeden via militaire en economische steun in het kader van de Mutual Security Act uit 1951. Echter voordat deze plannen verwezenlijkt konden worden, lekten ze uit; het aanvaarden van Amerikaanse hulp werd gezien als schending van de neutraliteit die de Indonesische buitenlandse politiek toentertijd kenmerkte. De plannen voor steun werden afgeblazen en het kabinet Sukiman werd gedwongen af te treden.

Tijdens de regering van president Eisenhower speelden de Verenigde Staten een actieve rol ten opzichte van de Indonesische regering. Dit kwam voornamelijk doordat Indonesië één van de initiatiefnemers was van de Beweging van de Niet-Gebonden Landen in Azië en Afrika en door het groeiend aantal stemmen voor de PKI zoals was gebleken bij de verkiezingen in 1955. Sinds die tijd gaf Washington steun aan de PRRI/Permesta opstanden die gericht waren tegen de centrale regering in Jakarta, die als pro-communistisch werd gezien.

President Kennedy heeft ook een rol gespeeld tijdens de dekolonisatie van Indonesië, zij het op een heel andere manier. Het kan namelijk niet ontkend worden dat de winst van Indonesië in het geschil met Nederland over Nieuw-Guinea ten dele de verdienste was van de regering Kennedy. Daarnaast zijn in diezelfde periode honderden Indonesische militaire officieren opgeleid in de Verenigde Staten; het waren deze officieren die later gedurende enkele decennia een grote rol speelden in het bepalen van de militaire en politieke dynamiek van de Indonesische republiek.

Ook tijdens de regering van Lyndon Johnson bleven de Verenigde Staten zich inspannen om het politieke leven in Indonesië in hun voordeel te beïnvloeden, bijvoorbeeld met betrekking tot de confrontatie met Maleisië en het politieke touwtrekken tussen president Sukarno, de PKI, en de Indonesische landmacht (TNI Angkatan Darat). Ofschoon er nooit een ‘smoking gun’ is gevonden dat de directe betrokkenheid van de Verenigde Staten bij de Peristiwa ’65 onomstotelijk aantoont, kan niet worden ontkend dat de uitroeiing van honderdduizenden PKI-leden en –sympathisanten zoals die zich in deze roerige periode voltrok goed viel bij de regering in Washington. Daarbij moet nog worden aangetekend dat de in de Verenigde Staten opgeleide militaire officieren een aanzienlijk aandeel hadden in deze massale moordpartijen.

Sinds de uitschakeling van de PKI en de machtsovername door president Suharto is Indonesië uitgesproken pro-Washington geworden, zowel op politiek alsook op economisch gebied. Onder Suharto’s Nieuwe Orde hebben de Verenigde Staten en medestanders een steeds grotere vrijheid gekregen om Indonesië van haar natuurlijke schatten te beroven, van Sumatra’s aardolie tot Irian Jaya’s koper en goud.

En zo loopt Indonesië, na zich op politiek gebied van Nederland te hebben losgemaakt, langzaam maar zeker in de val van een economische kolonisatie door de Verenigde Staten en zijn volgelingen. Dit nieuwe kolonisatiemodel verschilt weliswaar van het oude model, maar het uiteindelijke doel blijkt hetzelfde te zijn: Indonesië maken tot een regio waar men ongehinderd natuurlijke schatten kan roven en waar men tegelijkertijd de afzetmogelijkheden van deze grote markt kan aanboren. En net als het geval was met het oude kolonisatiemodel zorgt de samenwerking met een beperkt aantal leden van de lokale elite, zowel burgerlijk als militair, ervoor dat deze nieuwe vorm van dekolonisatie gestalte kan krijgen.

Misschien was dit het wat Bung Karno bedoelde met het kapitalistische en neo-koloniale gevaar; hij riep het Indonesische volk nadrukkelijk op in de tegenaanval te gaan. Maar dit was niet alles: vanaf het spreekgestoelte kon hij dan wel luid zijn boodschap verkondigen, over de strijd voor de dekolonisatie van Indonesië en over het verzet tegen de nieuwe vorm van kolonialisme, in werkelijkheid werd ook hij door de oprukkende machines van het kapitalisme en neo-kolonialisme verdrukt en platgewalst. Soekarno werd aan de kant gezet en verscheidene multinationals kwamen naar het ‘vrije’ Indonesië en vertrokken weer, met goed gevulde buidel. Niet alleen Soekarno werd het slachtoffer, miljoenen Indonesiërs werden hierdoor eveneens gedupeerd, dezelfde Indonesiërs die eerder al het slachtoffer waren van het Nederlandse kolonialisme.

Dit alles in ogenschouw nemend, wordt het duidelijk dat een verhaal over de dekolonisatie van Indonesië niet volledig is zonder nadere bestudering van de rol die de Verenigde Staten heeft gespeeld in de dekolonisatie. Daarnaast is het ook nodig aandacht te schenken aan de rol van de Verenigde Staten in de ‘rekolonisatie’ van Indonesië, die plaatsvond na
het vertrek van de Nederlanders; bij deze ‘rekolonisatie’ waren verscheidene landen betrokken die er hun politiek-economische voordeel mee probeerden te halen. Zonder een diepgaand onderzoek naar bovengenoemde zaken, zal een onderzoek naar de dekolonisatie van Indonesië niet compleet zijn.

Baskara T. Wardaya SJ
Fulbright-researcher aan de Lyndon B. Johnson Library
Austin, Texas
Verenigde Staten van Amerika

 
 

 

Dutch version

What really happen look Dr Iwan Info below

Prolog in  1945

At the Independence Revolution 1945-1950 Indonesian republic,

the people of Indonesia are very excited with the shriek and the Free greeting each other when news, and in every letter is always with the words Freedom, I found an interesting collection of writings which the people of Indonesia are not anonymous on the front pages in the book language dutch “Wat Gebuerde in 1945” what is born in 1945, in the Indonesian language:


“So with this in the name of the people of Indonesia all the (entire) property confiscated the Dutch people.”

 

Pada saat Revolusi Kemerdekaan Repoeblik Indonesia 1945-1950,rakyat Indonesia sangat bersemangat dengan pekik dan salam  Merdeka bila saling jumpa, dan pada setiap surat selalu dengan tulisan Merdeka!,saya menemukan satu koleksi menarik tulisan rakyat Indonesia yang anonim tanpa nama, pada halaman depan buku bahasa belanda”Wat Gebuerde In 1945 “apa yang lahir tahun 1945,dalam bahasa Indonesia:

”Maka dengan ini atas nama rakyat Indonesia semua(seluruh) hak milik bangsa Belanda disita.”

(Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA)

 

 

 

 

 

AUGUST 1945

  1. Early August 1945:
    The Shimoda detachment of the First Special Attack Force (12 Kairyu type midgets) receives a report about the sighting of an American submarine shelling Mikimoto lighthouse, off Shimoda harbor. A Kairyu is diespatched to intercept the submarine, but fails to locate it.

August,2nd.1945

A leetr about sending a flower for in memoriam husband from Kediri to Malang,received by his wife  send from the flower shop

 

August ,6th.1945:


At 0815, Colonel (later Brig Gen) Paul W. Tibbetts’ B-29 “Superfortress”, nicknamed “ENOLA GAY”, of the 509th Composite Group, drops the 15-kiloton yield “Little Boy” uranium atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

Colonel Tibbetts with B-29 ENOLA GAY

That same day, following TG 35.3′s bombardment of Kushimoto, four Kaitens are deployed from Otsujima base to Tanabe to be attached to the Sixth Special Attack Unit.

 

 

C John Lennon Remembrance in Words for the 60th Anniversary of Hiroshima
     
The first atomic bomb
Imagine there’s no Heaven
It’s easy if you try
No hell below us
Above us only sky
Imagine all the people
Living for todayImagine there’s no countries
It isn’t hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peaceYou may say that I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will be as oneImagine no possessions
I wonder if you can
No need for greed or hunger
A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
Sharing all the worldYou may say that I’m a dreamer
But I’m not the only one
I hope someday you’ll join us
And the world will live as one– Lyrics to “Imagine” by
John Lennon, 1971.
A-bomb goes off on Hiroshima
   
A watch that survived the blast which stopped at precisely 8:15
Devastation in Hiroshima….
   
One day after the bomb blast
Boy with burned back
   
A woman whose face is disfigured from the blast. Later, when the rain would fall, some of the mobile survivors would actually drink the rain water which was poisonous with radiation.
Young Japanese boy suffers from radiation burns
   
Japanese female whose face is totally disfigured from heat and radiation.
Another burn casualty from the A-bomb

 

May Man have learned from the lessons never to repeat again the tragedies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki…

 

Translate Indonesia:

Manusia mungkin telah belajar dari pelajaran untuk tidak mengulangi lagi

 

tragedi Hiroshima dan Nagasaki

Bayangkan ada Surga
Sangat mudah jika Anda mencoba
Tidak ada neraka di bawah kita
Di atas kita hanya angkasa
Bayangkan semua orang
Hidup untuk
Bayangan Hari ini

 

 

tidak ada negara
Hal ini tidak sulit untuk dilakukan
Tidak ada yang membunuh atau mati
Dan tidak ada agama juga
Bayangkan semua orang

 

Hidup dalam Damai Kamu  mungkin mengatakan bahwa saya adalah seorang pemimpi
Tapi aku bukan satu-satunya
Saya harap suatu hari nanti Anda akan bergabung dengan kami
Dan dunia akan menjadi seperti satu
bayangan tidak memiliki harta
Aku ingin tahu apakah Anda dapat
Tidak perlu untuk keserakahan atau kelaparan
Sebuah persaudaraan manusia
Bayangkan semua orang
Berbagi semua
dunia kamu dapat mengatakan bahwa saya adalah seorang pemimpi
Tapi aku bukan satu-satunya
Saya harap suatu hari nanti Anda akan bergabung dengan kami
Dan dunia akan hidup sebagai salah satu-
lirik untuk “Bayangkan”

oleh
John Lennon, 1971

John lennon Record Imagine 1971 Collections

 
 
 
Target Hiroshima Nagasaki
Dead/Missing 70,000-80,000 35,000-40,000
Wounded 70,000 40,000
Population Density 35,000 per sq mile 65,000 per sq mile
Total Casualties 140,000-150,000 75,000-80,000
Area Destroyed
  1. 7 sq mile
  2. 8 sq mile
 
Attacking Platform 1 B-29 1 B-29
Weapon(s) ‘Tall Boy’ 15 kT
(15,000 tons of TNT)
‘Fat Man’ 21 kT
(21,000 tons of TNT)    
   
  “Ground Zero” at Hiroshima. The A-bomb was dropped on August 6, 1945.JAPAN – The 509th CG B-29 takes off from North Field, Tinian at 0245 hours. At two-minute intervals, 2 observation B-29′s follow. At 0815 hours local, an atomic bomb is released over Hiroshima from 31,600 ft; it explodes 50 seconds later. More than 80% of the city’s buildings are destroyed and over 71,000 people are killed. The B-29 lands on Tinian at 1458 hours followed within the hour by the 2 observation aircraft.– Source: Air War Pacific Chronology: America’s Air War Against Japan in East Asia and the Pacific 1941-1945″ by Eric Hammel, (Pacifica, CA: Pacifica Press, 1988, ISBN 0-935553-26-6)  
   
     
   
       
The atomic bomb used to flatten Nagasaki…  
   
 

 

Today, Japan does not forget the loss of life and destruction through nuclear weapons…
Hiroshima’s A-bomb dome is a constant daily reminder of the consequences of a nuclear bomb
A young woman rings the bell on the 60th Anniversary of Hiroshima
Japanese visitors at Peace Memorial Park
 
Japanese Youth Rally– they file in a field declaring “Stop Nuclear DU Weapons.”  The hut by the two vans at the top had musicians providing “live” entertainment.

August 7 BPUPKI renames itself to PPKI: Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia.

August,8th. 1945:
Moscow declares that from 9 August 1945, the Soviet Government will consider itself to be at war with Japan.

August 9 Sukarno, Hatta, and Radjiman Wediodiningrat are flown by the Japanese to Vietnam to meet with Marshal Terauchi. There they are informed of the collapse of Japanese forces, and that Japan will grant Indonesia independence on August 24.

 

 August ,9th.1945

:
At 1101, Major (later Brig Gen, ANG) Charles W. Sweeney’s B-29 “BOCKSCAR”, of the 509th Composite Group’s 393rd Bomb Squadron, drops the 21-kiloton yield “Fat Man” plutonium atomic bomb, on Nagasaki. [4]

That same day, carrying out Stalin’s pledge at Yalta, Marshal Aleksandr Vasilevsky, CINC, Soviet Far East Forces, launches Operation “August Storm”, the invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria (Manchukuo). The attack is made by three Soviet army groups (“fronts”) comprising 80 divisions of 1.5 million men. In less than two weeks, the Soviets defeat General Yamada Otsuzo’s depleted and ill-equipped Kwantung Army of over 600,000 men. [5]

August,10th. 1945:
Japan offers to surrender to the Allies, if Emperor Hirohito (Showa) is allowed to remain the nominal head of state.

 August,12th. 1945:
The United States announces it will accept the Japanese surrender and that the emperor can remain in a ceremonial capacity.

Shikoku, Kochi Prefecture. That same evening, the Suzaki kaiten detachment of the Eighth Special Attack Unit receives a report about the sighting of an enemy task force off Shionomisaki, Wakayama Prefecture. Based on that information the local IJA commander expects a landing at Tosa Bay the next morning. Two kaitens are immediately dispatched to Tosa Bay and sortie at 0600 the next morning, but fail to locate the enemy and return by 1000.

The Taiping  airport also marked a significant in the history of Malaysia, when Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta later became the President and Vice-President of Indonesia landed at the airport on 12 August 1945 for a meeting with Dr. Burhanuddin al-Helmi and Ibrahim Yaakub who were leaders of a political party named KRIS to talk about the possibility of joining Malaya with Indonesia, when Indonesia achieved independence. The meeting was arranged by the Japanese officers during the World War II. However, the plan was never succeed and Indonesia announced its independence without Malaya

.SUNDAY-AUGUST.12th.1945

On this Japanese callender,tehre were  the first day of August until 11th August , especially the day of  US “H”Bomb were thrown , Monday ,6th, at  Hirosima and thirsday, 9th, at Nagasaki

 

 

 

 

 

  1. THE V. ESBENSEN’S CATALOGUE 1980 OF INDONESIA STRUGGLE FOR INDPENDENCE POSTAL HISTORY COLLECTIONS 1945-19450

 

After the official end of the war on 15.8.45 the Japanese(Dai Nippon) were instructed to maintain Government service until Allied Forces arrived.Therefore the Dai Nippon Occupation Postal services continue operating after 15.8.45.TGhe Republic Postal services was officially inaugurated on Sumatra sometime during October 1945(the earliest date is note known).

The affect of the change of postal administration started to appear during the first week of November 1945.Thus for the purpose of postal history,the Japanese Occupation postal service ended during October 1945. But the cgange from one postal administration to the next was gradual and the effects of the occupation lasted for about three years.Japanese occupation stamp without Republican overprint were sold at some post offices as late as January or February 1948.The date on which Japanese occupation stamps because invaluid is not know,but it was probably about mid-1948.

Giving exact information about 1945-1949 postal history odf the Republic is practically imposible because nearly all official records were destroyed prior to 1950 and philatelist did not do any serious research inti this postal history while it was still fresh.

(Dr Iwan have starting in 1956 until now,and in 1985 had communication and echange info with Mr V.Esbesensen during he stayed at Canada,but in 1994 he moved to Singapore,but he did not want to met Mr Suwito Harsono,and one year after that he was pass away)

It appears that the Republic collected Japanese Occupation stamps at a number of central points.These stamps were then overprinted with Republican overprint and redistributed.However,many stamps without republican overprint also appear to have been redistributed.Thus one can find stamps of Bangka-Billiton Dai Nippon overprint were used in Tapanoeli or middle Sumatra,stamps of overprint Dai Nippon Palembang used in the East Coast province etc.How stamps of Bangka-Billiton came into Republican hands is not clear because the Republic did not control Bnagka-Billiton.

The situation in Java almost same with Sumatra,but in java the Dutch East Indie stamps without queen potriat like dancer stamps never overpr8int by dai Nippon ,also the postal stationer karbouw 31/2 cent,different in Sumatra all kind of DEI stamps were overprint in every province and redidency.

According to a post office circular Dutch east Indies and Japanese Occupation stamps remained valid after the postal service were taken over by the Republic,but the Nederlanda indies and Japanese characters were supposed to be crossed out .

As aresult many different crude overprints were used to cross out the words.It is believed,but cannot be proved.taht most of these overprints were applied to stocks of mint stamps at local post offices before the stamps were sold to the publ8ic(Dr Iwan have the unused stamps sample ).

But in some case it is imposisible to prove wheter an overprint was applied by the postal services(my friend,retires postman told Dr Iwan that the postman used parker ink ),  was applied by the postal services or by a private person.But at that time few people would have bought stamp to keep at home and street mail boxes were probably none existent.Thus the stamps pn most non-phillatelic items would have been purchased and applied when these iyems were brought into a post officed to be mailed.

(Dr Iwan will discussed about the rare philatelic items based on V.Esbensen Catalogue 1980 and other Dai Nippon Club catalogue,the discussion only in the specialist full illustration CD-ROM Only because the common philatelist very difficult to understand if they did not know about the Dai Nippon Occupation Java and Suamtra postal hisyory 1941-1945, for that Dr Iwan asked sorry in the common cheapest CD-ROM this infoo did not exist)

 

 

 

 

 

August .14th 1945

(1)14 August 1945:
Tokyo. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage.

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day. 

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks. 

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescript

 

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement

15 August 1945: Cessation of Hostilities:
Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire.

Port Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August 

Sunday august,12th.1945

When Sukarno,Hatta and Dr R went to Dalat via Singapore  by flight  they stop at singapore

Sukarno ,hatta and dr Radjiman flight from Saigon to Singapor at taiping arport

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who later became the President and Vice-President of Indonesia, respectively, landed at Taiping airport on 12 August 1945, for a meeting with Dr. Burhanuddin Helmi and Ibrahim Yaacob who were leaders of Kesatuan Rakyat Indonesia Semenanjung (KRIS) to talk about the possibility of uniting Malaya with Indonesia (the concept of Indonesia Raya) when the latter achieved independence.

The meeting was arranged by Japanese army officers during World War 2.

Source: Archives: taiping

Surkarno and Mohammad Hatta , the later president and vice-president of the Republic of Indonesia flew to Taping for discussions of independence in which Indonesia and Malaysia would fall under one flag.

The plan never got shape and in 1945, Indonesia declared independence without Malaysia.

Source

http://capuccino-lieza.blogspot.com/

Taiping Airport (IATA: TPG, ICAO: WMBI) is an airport in Taiping, Malaysia. It is located at Jalan Muzaffar Shah formerly Creagh Road, Assam Kumbang and also called as Tekah Airport.

.

 The Taiping  airport also marked a significant in the history of Malaysia, when Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta later became the President and Vice-President of Indonesia landed at the airport on 12 August 1945 for a meeting with Dr. Burhanuddin al-Helmi and Ibrahim Yaakub who were leaders of a political party named KRIS to talk about the possibility of joining Malaya with Indonesia, when Indonesia achieved independence.

 The meeting was arranged by the Japanese officers during the World War II. However, the plan was never succeed and Indonesia announced its independence without Malaya

 

Source

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiping_Airport

read more

  1. Dr. Burhanuddin al-Helmy, atau nama penuhnya, Burhanuddin

 

  1. jpg

national-express-malaysia.blogspot.com

200 × 285 – Dr Burhanuddin Al Helmi. Dr Burhanuddin, a colossal

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta in Taiping, August 1945.

Another significant mark in the history of Taiping airport was when Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who later became the President and Vice-President of Indonesia, respectively, landed at Taiping airport on 12 August 1945, for a meeting with Dr. Burhanuddin Helmi and Ibrahim Yaacob who were leaders of Kesatuan Rakyat Indonesia Semenanjung (KRIS) to talk about the possibility of uniting Malaya with Indonesia (the concept of Indonesia Raya) when the latter achieved independence. The meeting was arranged by Japanese army officers during World War 2.

After the end of the Japanese occupation, Taiping airport only served flights to other airports within Perak, leaving Ipoh as the only Perak airport to provide passenger services to other Malay states. Today, the airport is no longer in regular use. Taiping airport is recognised by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and carries the 3-letter IATA code of TPG

Source

http://sembangkuala.wordpress.com/tag/taiping/

 

 

 August,13th. 1945:
Tokyo. At an evening conference attended by General Umezu Yoshijiro, Chief of the Army General Staff and Admiral Toyoda Soemu (33), (former CO of HYUGA), Chief of the Navy General Staff , the Vice Chief of the NGS, wild-eyed Vice Admiral Onishi Takijiro (40)(former XO of KAGA) proposes “that if we are willing to sacrifice 20 million Japanese lives in special attacks (kamikaze), victory can still be achieved!”

Monday, August 13th 1945

1)After returning from Dalat to Saigon,we heard that Russia had attacked Manchuria, and thus the blows against Japan were complete,coming from all direction(ibid yazni,page 117)

 

August,14th. 1945:


  1. At 1020, the emperor convenes a conference of his most senior military officers. Field Marshall Hata, freshly arrived from Hiroshima, expresses no confidence in Japan continuing the war over appeals from such strong-willed, arrogant personalities as Field Marshal Sugiyama Hajime and Fleet Admiral Nagano Osami who exhibit a dull-witted state of denial. The emperor dismisses their protestations for protracted carnage.

The emperor notes that with the Soviet entry into the Pacific War and the enemy’s use of atomic weapons, not even Onishi’s Special Attack forces can stop them. He requests that his senior officers cooperate with him to end the war. Later, the Japanese announce that the emperor has decided to accept the Potsdam Declaration’s terms and end the War, effective the following day.

That same day, 167 B-29s of the 20th Air Force from Saipan bomb Hikari Naval Arsenal, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The raid is supported by North American P-51 “Mustang” fighters from Iwo Jima, attacking various targets in the same area until 1040 in the morning. 71.8 percent of the arsenal’s total roof area is destroyed. 738 workers, mostly mobilized middle school students, die in the attacks.

Emperor Hirohito Reads an Imperial Rescrip

The Dai Nippon Soldier hear the announcement

the allied forces very happy after hear the announcement


Dutch prisoners just after release from a Japanese concentration camp, 1945.Imperial Palace, Tokyo. At noon, the emperor announces Japan’s surrender that is broadcast by radio all over the Japanese Empire.

P

ort Arthur, Manchuria. Lost to Japan in 1905, the Soviet Navy Flag flies again on 22 August

August 14, 1945

the Japanese had surrendered to the allies. After that Soedirman and his friends returned to the propagators and respectively.

The Bali Sinbun closed, and the Indonesian  reporter K.Nandha which worked there preparing to open the Indonesian newspaper(130.K.Naha  sang perintis satria narada,bali,2001)

August 14 Sukarno, Hatta, and Radjiman Wediodiningrat return to Jakarta, mistrustful of the Japanese promise.

. August 15 Japan surrenders to the Allies. The Japanese army and navy still control Indonesia. Japan has agreed to return Indonesia to the Dutch.

-Tuesday, August .14th .1945

August,14th.1945

Sukarno,Hatta and Dr Radjiman  Wedijodiningrat were invited by the highest command Japanese Military in east Asia to Dalat (Indochina)

a)to recieved  the decision of  Japanese Government about Indonesia Independence. In the official meeting ,General Terauchi

said :”Depand on your masters to decide when Indodesia will Independent”( Hatta,Legend and reality around Proclamation 17 Agustus,Mimbar Indonesia 17 Agustus 1951,no 32/33)

b) On the 12th of August ( which happened to coincide with may birthday) MARSHAL TERAUCHI told us in Dalat (300 km from Saigon) the decision of the Japanese Government to give up the question of Indonesia’s Independence to the Committee for Preparation of Indonesian Independence.

He said : “It is you gentlemen who are to carry this out, and it is entirely up to you to decide its execution”.

 

Sukarno then asked :”It is right if we do it a week from now ?

“It is up to you gentlemen” Answered Terauchi.

(Yasni Z,Bung Hatta Anwers,1981,page 116)

Field Marshal Terauchi

(1) ,who waswn’t Indonesian’s  friend ,Independence was forced by the government in Tokyo (gogle,internet).

(2)the vintage photo of Field Marshal Terauchi and his room with Sukarno’s  photo (P,google,internet)

 

 

 

 

 

 

The vintage  photo of Indonesian Proclamators

(1) Sukarno and Hatta during that time.

(2) I haven’t found the photo of Dr Radjiman

e) The Vintage picture postcard of Dalat and Saigon cochinchina

(   Emperor Bodai’s palace were in Dalat and used by Marskal Terauchi as Dai Nippon East Asia Command administrations Building, and Saigon after vietnam liberation change name to be Ho Chi Minh City-read the Vietnam Document and Postal History-auth)

 

 

1) when back from Dalat to Jakarta (Via Saigon and Singapore-auth),

(1) the three delegations meet with Mr Teuku Hassan,Dr Amir and Mr Abbas  , the member of PPKI (Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan) or the committee for the Preparation of Independence from Sumatra, which will departed with us to Djakarta.They have heard that Russian have anounced the War to Japan and  in-vasion Mansjuria(Manchuria), After the discussion we have conclution that the Japanese were falling down  willn’t in month and we must proclaimed Indonesia Independence fastly. ( they don’t know about the US “H”Bomb auth)(Ibid,Hatta,1951)

(2 In the morning of August 14 , before we were to be flown back to Jakarta on a bomber, we met Dr Amir. He asked whether it was true that Russian had attacked Japan in Manchuria ? I said tjat it was right.Then Dr Amir said :” then it won’t be much longer”

I said ,”That’s right.We are not counting in months anymore bur a most in just weeks . Psychollogy Japan had already lost, being attacked from the south and the North”(ibid Yasni ,p-117,1985)

(3)So the three of us (Sukarno,Hatta and Radjiman) started home for Indonesia. In Singapore, we recieved an invitation from the Commander of the Japanese army there) . Delegates from North Sumatra (Dr Amir,Abbas and Hassan) were invited to a party by a lower level of the Japanese army leadership. We were invited by a higher level. It looked as though the Japanese were afraid for us to meet (ibid,Yasni,p 117,1984)

(2 )Sukarno annouced that  Independence will be fastly  in Kemayoran airpot.

(a)After came back at Jakarta, in Kemayoran airport (Kemayoran now the Jakarta Fair area, and Sukarno Hatta international airport in Cengkareng Tangerang-auth), sukarno have said in he front of many peoples “ In before I have said that our Independence  before the “Jagung”  berbuah”or seeds…., now I can concluded that. Independence before “Jagung” were flowered)”  (ibid Hatta,1951)

(b) When we arrived at Kemayoran airpot in Jakarta, we were met by the Gunseikan.

Without going home first, we were taken to the Palace to meet the Gunseikan. We were welcomed with a happy face and clear laughter by the Gunsereikan , and had dinner  with high –ranked  Japanese authoritied, there were even a toast and congratulation over “Indonesia Independence” (Yasni,p-117,1984)

(3) Emperor Hirohito asked the Dai Nippon Military  surrendered to allied Army(D)

(4) Sjahrir Told Hatta that Japanese have aksed peace to Allied Armed Forces and suggest Sukarno annouced via radio Indonesia Independence.

(a)In the afternoon 14th Agustus , Sjahrir came to told me that Japanese have asked peace to Allied, and he asked how about our Independence ? I have aswered our Independence was on our hands.

The Sjahrir’s opinion,that the Indonesia Indepen-dence proclamation  willn’t by the commitee of preparation Indonesian Independecde because the allied Army will said that the  birth of Republic of Indonesia  was made by the Japanese. Better only Sukarno  himself annouced as the  leader under the people’s named via Radio.(ibid,Hatta,1951)

(b) This party was over around 1.30 in the afternoon. Only then did we go home.At Home I found Syahrir waiting. “How was it?”he said .

I said that the japanese had given the matter up to us.  Then Syahrir said that it would be better if the proclamation of Independence  were not made by the Committee for the Preparationb of Independence, because Japan had already surrendered, whilst the Committee were made by Japan. It would be better if the proclamation were made just by Bung Karno.

I said , would he want to do that, because, after all, he was the Chairman of that Committee. I phoned Bung Karno tight away. I asked :”You weren’t asleep yet?”.Bung Karno answered :”No,not yet” Then I said :”Something important has come up, Syahrir and I would like to come now for a few minutes”. Bung karno said :”Alright,please comenow”

Syahrir and I went there immedietely. Bung Karno was waiting for us. Syahrir then suggested that Bung Karno himself should make the proclamation. Sukarno said that, however things might be, it would not be right for him to seize the opportunity himself in this matter without acting together with the Committee.

Syahrir said that with the regard to this matter, Bung Karno should act as leader of the people, while the Committee was made by Japan.

Again Bung Karno said that no matter how things might be, we had cooperated with the Japanese for quite a long time.

Bung Karno also said at that time that he did not yet know for certain and was not yet convinced that the Japanese had surrendered already, as Syahrir said.

“All right then , tommorow,together with Bung Hatta, I’ll go yo the Gunseikanbu to make inquiries; that won’t be too late ,will it?” Bung karno said. Said Syahrir ,”No,that won’t be too late”.(Yasni,1984,p-118)

August,14th.1945

Pelatihan Lanjutan PETA Di Bogor Dibatalkan

Sekalipun sudirman  dan kawan-kawan sudah berada di Bogor “Pelatihan Lanjutan” dibatalkan, karena tunggal 14 Agustus 1945 Jepang sudah menyerah kepada sekutu. Sesudah itu Soedirman dan kawan-kawannya kembali lagi ke dai dan masing-masing. Pada saat Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia dikumandangkan, Soedirman berada di Kroya.

On August 14

incident has happened KAKKON mausoleum. In such August 22 “Round Ogasawara” ship salvaged from Sakhalin, “Taitomaru”, “circle emerging” second wreck, which sank under the bombardment, torpedo submarine USSR (incident martyrs Mifune).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Pada tanggal 14 Agustus

 

insiden telah terjadi mausoleum KAKKON.

Pada bulan Agustus seperti 22 “Putaran Ogasawara” kapal diselamatkan dari Sakhalin, “Taitomaru”, “lingkaran muncul” kecelakaan kedua, yang tenggelam di bawah pemboman, Uni Soviet kapal selam torpedo (insiden Mifune martir).

 (2) Although Dai Nippon was officially surrendered, the Dai Nippon Military Administration still exist in Indonesia

(,they have waited to give the power to Allied army, but the allied army very late came to Indonesia, that is way the Japanese Military Administration still exist until The British Army under allied army came. The unique and postal  history collection will proved that situation-auth)

.In 15th August,

(a)the Japanese have asked” Peace” to Allied Armed forces( they didn.t like  to say “Surrendered”,may be they ashamed and still had the power -auth), that is way we dicided

(b) to invited the member of PPPK (Indonesia Independence prepatory Committee) to have the meeting at 10.00 morning in the Sanyo Office at Pejambon 2.

(c) Indonesia Indepence Proclamation must be announce as fast as we could, the Indonesia National Basic Law (UUD) must be “Mufakat” without any discussed  and the Indonesia Governerment at Central and Regional area must be done in several days only.

(d) The PPKI’s members from regional area must came back to their area with bring the complete instructions from the Indonesia Independence Government. If they back latetly,may be the Japanese will banned them backhome because the Japanese have the powered from the Allied Army( Jurukuasa  underpower.)

(e) That True Japanese had aggreed Indonesian Independence, but may be the allied army will asked the Japanese army to liquidatied Indonesia and will tried to gave back to Dutch East Indie Government.

(f) Organized revolution must exist, then Indonesion Independence could resisted with all Indonesian people’s struggled. Depend on this ,then I am “menentang” or against the Youngman,Peta and peoples’s “Merebut Kekuasaan” or Fight the Power theory, that suggested in the afternoon by in memoriam Subianto and subadio, the Parlemen’s member now.

(g)The fight of Power must be after the Independence Proclamation by Bung karno via Radio.To the two Men I said that I like Revulution, but against the “Putsch”or Rebellion.The Young men didn’t sustified to this explenation but latter they have said that that were true and Subianto have done my special tasked until he was died in Serpong. (ibid Hatta,1951)

The following morning (15th August 1945)

we went to the Gunseikanbu,( Dai nippon Military Administration Headquaters , the present Pertamina building-auth). There was nobody there. Except for a single Lieutenant by the name of Nomura, If I’m not mistaken.

Everybody had been summoned to the Gunserei-kanbu .I thought, the Japanese had indeed already surrendered.

Subardjo, assistant to  Admiral Tadashi Maeda,

who was also with us at the time suggested that we go straight away to Admiral Maeda. Which we did, and we met Maeda.(in 1946 Maera was arrested by the Allied army,in 1946 bring backhome to japan as ther retired Navy, and in 1976 he had gave Indonesia Narariya Star Medal  by Indonesian Gverment, and in 1977 he was pass away-info from samsi jacobalis book,2000)

Bung karno asked whether the rumours were true, the Japan had surrendered .Maeda was silent , for sevela minutes he did not anwer and his head was bowed. I pinched Bung Karno and whispered :”It looks as if the rumours are true”

In the end , Maeda drew a long breath and said :” According to Allied broadcasts,yes.But we have not yet recieved any instruction at all from Tokyo. It is those instructions  from Tokyo that are decive”(He didn’t told that The Tenno Haika Hirohito asked the Military to Surrender –auth)

After that we took leave from Maeda. As you know, Bung Karno was Chairman of The Preparatory Commi-tee, I was the Vice Chairmain, and for daily activity Siebardjo assited us. I told Soebardjo to call a meeting of all members of the Prepatory Committee for the morning of 16th August 1945 at Pejambon (now Foreign affair Ministry office-auth) Soebardjo called all the members by phone: they were all staying in the Hotel Des Indes.

In the afternoon of 15th August 1945

Two people came to my house, Soebianto (margono’s son) and soebadio. Both urged me to influence Soekarno to be willing to make the proclamation on behalf ofthe leaders of the people. Not on behalf of the Prepatory Committee, because ita was made by Japan.

I said that this depneded on Soekarno himself. I wondered whether he would want to do what or not. But I was afraid he would not want to, because he was the Chairman of that committee. If be stepped foward alone, he woulkd be usurping other people’s right. Maybe he wouldnot want to do that.

Soebianto and Soebadio continued to press me and said :” If you pres him, of course Bung Karno will do it.”I said :” On what grounds would I press him? He,myself, the member of the Committee, all have worked together with the Japanese, but if there somebody who will make the proclamation who ever never cooperated with the Japanese, it be best for him just vto do it.

We continue to argue, at the end those two people said : “Well, in arevolutionary period, Bung Hatta cannot be brought in.” I answered :” That is not how it is. I am now preparing a revolution. The revolution has not begun yet. We are preparing for it. I don not want to make a Putsch as Hitler did in Germany, which failed . If we act , we must succeed” then the two went away.

It shloud also be said here,that on the night of 15 august, in preparation fdor the meetinmg of the Prepatory Committee next morning in 16 August, I typed out the opening of the Constitution to be used as the text for proclamation.

While I was typing, Soebardjo came in, it was about eight o’clock at night.He said,”Bung Karno is being  attacked by the youth. We should go there together “. So I went in Soebardjo’s car because my driver was not there.Wikana talked a lot. Wikana insisted that the proclamation should be made the same night (The night of August 15th).Soekarno sait it could not de done because it was only tomorrow (August 16th) that we were going to have a meeting. Wikana said, we do not want the proclamation made by the Prepatory Committee is rgarded as made by Japan. I said, if the Prepatory Committee is regarded as made by Japan,Bung Karno and I, and also many other leaders, have been cooperatin with the Japanese for a long time.So if things are like this, it is neccessary to look for somebody to make the proclamation, chosen from among who have never cooperated with the Japanese.

And we will back them up.  But the youth still wanted Bung karno to do it. At the time Wikana said,that, if by twelve midninght Bung karno had not proclaimed the Indepnedence of Indonesia the on the following morning(16 August 1945) there would be bloodshed.Then Bung karno became angry.He stood up straight away and went up to Wikana, and, pointing to his neck, Bung karno said :” Here is my neck. You needn’t wait till tomorrow. Take me down and finishe me off this very night.”

“ Oh,that’s not what I mean,Bung” said Wikana.”Then ,what do you mean ?”.”The people and our youth will rebel and will start killing the Ambonese here”, said Wikana.

Then I put in ,:”Why  the Ambonese? You want to start a revolution, why do it by killing your own people , you want to kill innocent people? He answered :’ Well, the Ambonese are considered to be NICA (Netherlands Indische Civil Agency-auth) , aqccomplices of the Dutch”. I said :” That’s only what people think. For some time already, they have worked together with us, and now you want tokill them? What sort of way is that ?”

TEMPERS WERE RUNNING HIGH, the I SUGGESTED TO Bung Karno that the four of us should talk inside. These four were Bung karno, myself,Dr Boentaran and soebardjo. For fifteen minutes we talked in another room at Pegansaan Timur, I suggested to Bung Karno that he should tell thoise young people to find someone from among themselves who had never cooperated with Japanese to make the proclamation, and we would state we would(shall?) back them up to the full. Let them makes the proclamation.

After about fifteen minutes we came out again and Bung Karno firmly told them so.In turned out that they still wanted Bung Karno to make the proclamation. Not a single one of them was ready or dared do it.

“To nignt we will not come to an agreement. It is useless”’said Bung Karno,”I am determined to go on with the meeting of the Preparatory Commitee tomorrow. Then proceed with the proclamation of Independence. If you do not agree, that’sis your business.I’m not going to take their right for myself. There’s no use in your pressing me, just go home first, and we’ll stop here”(ibid Yasni,1984).

 

16 Agustus 1945

Dari Gyu Gun ke BKR dan TNI.
Tahun 1942 Yano Kazo; Residen ( zaman Jepang ) untuk wilayah Sumatera Barat , mengumpulkan pemuka masayarakat, Ninik Mamak, Ulama dan Cerdik Pandai Sumbar, ia mengemukakan akan membangun Gyu Gun ( Lasykar Rakyat ); Pembela Tanah Air ( PETA) namanya di pulau Jawa.


Setelah melalui diskusi dan tukar pendangan diantara pemuka masyarakat dalam rapat itu, akhirnya disepakati menerima usul Yano Kazo mendirikan Gyu Gun Ko En Kai, maka ditetapkan rapat tiga pemimpin yang akan membentukanya yakni Ahmad Dt. Simarajo (ninik Mamak), H. Machmud Yunus ( Ulama )dan Chatib Sulaiman (Cerdik Pandai ). Ketuanya ditetapkan Chatib Sulaiman dan dibantu oleh Suska, Rasuna Said, Latif Usman, Ratna Sari, Leon Salim, Mansur Taib, Rahmah El Yunusiah, Aziz Latif , Husin Ilyas, Tjik Ani, Nazarudin, Nurdin Kajai. Setelah diberikan penjelasan dan penerangan kepada masyarakat se Sumatera Barat, ternyata peminatnya cukup banyak.
“Nama-nama yang telah terdaftar cukup banyak antara alain tiga orang putera dari Syech . M. Djamil Djambek, seorang ulama besar di Minangkabau serta banyak lagi yang berpendidikan Barat maupun Islam”

 

Syech Abdullah, dikenal juga dengan sebutan “ Baliau Ketek” sejak awal, semasa usaha-usaha pra kemerdekaan RI ia aktif mendorong usaha-usaha pergerakan persiapan kemerdekaan, demikian pula dengan Syech Musatafa yang disebut juga “Baliau Godang”. Kedua beliau dari PERGURUAN Darul Funun, Puncak Bakuang ini melepaskan anaknya untuk ikut berjuang. Azhari Abbas anak baliau ketek di Koto Kociak, VII Koto, ikut berlatih Gyu Gun. dan Tantawi anak baliau Godang di Air Tobik ikut barisan Sabililah.
Ketika Agresi Belanda kedua 1948-1949, keduanya sudah muncul menjadi Perwira Pertama ( Pama ) TNI yakni Kapten Azhari Abbas dan Kapten Tantawi yang tewas dalam peristiwa 15 Januari 1949 di Lurah Kincir Situjuah. Nama Kapten Tantawi diabadikan Pemda menjadi nama lapangan bola kaki Payakumbuh yang semula bernama Poliko diganti dengan sebutan lapangan Kapten Tantawi.
“Berdirinya Gyu Gun di Sumatera Barat, yang sama dengan PETA di Jawa, mendapat sambutan yang hangat dari pemuda Payakumbuh dan Lima Puluh Kota, sehingga banyak diantara mereka yang mengambil bagian dalam Gyu Gun sebagai Pembela Tanah Air, seperti Nurmathias, Azhari Abbas, Amir Wahida, Inada Wahid, Makinudin HS dan lain-lainnya yang kemudian hari pada permulaan perjuangan kemerdekaan mereka memagang peranan di daerah ini”
 

Dua hari setelah Jepang menyerah, di Padang tanggal 16 Agustus 1945 Gyu Gun dibubarkan dan di Bukittinggi pembubarannya tanggal 18 Agustus 1945.(kolektorsejarah web blog)

August 16 Sukarno and Hatta are spirited away by youth leaders, including Chaerul Saleh, to Rengasdengklok at 3:00 A.M. They later return to Jakarta, meet with General Yamamoto, and spend the next night at Vice-Admiral Maeda Tadashi’s residence. Sukarno and Hatta are told privately that Japan no longer has the power to make decisions regarding the future of Indonesia.

 

Thursday-AUGUST 16th 1945

1)SUKARNO AND HATTA , IN THIS MORNING AT 4.00 PM carried off  BY SUKARNI CS TO RENGASDENGKLOK .

(1)Vintage Hatta’s version in 1951

At 16 August 1945 ,10.00 morning, all members of PPKI  and several femous man with pers were presented in Pedjambon 2 building, but who weren’t present were…

…..the invitator, Sukarno and Hatta, because they at 4.00 morning they were carried out to Rengasdengklok by Sukarni cs.

Their  reason have told by Sukarni  for bring us,  because Sukarno didn.t proclaimed the Indonesia Indepenced like what their will or  preffered , then the Youngmen , PETA(ex Dainippon defend Homeland army) and peoples will “bertindak” done themself.

In Jakarta will be an Revolution to fight the power from Japanese, that is way Bung karno and us must be flee to Rengasdengklok to administratived the Indonesia Independent Government there.

When heared that , in the front of my face(mind) that the Disasters will happened  to Indonesia, the mad actions of the younmen willn’t succeeded .This  Rebellion will killed the Indonesian Revolution.

At this day , the Hot blood youngmen could not relized their own theory. Rebellion didn’t happened , outside Jakarta theren’t preparations aanymore. The Japanese have ready with their completed war machined to welcome all will be happaned.

In Rengasdengklok weren’t any meeting. There we workless “mengangur” Lost worked one day to saw from far the vision without based with reality.But, if there a place in Indonesia that realy be the fight of the power was at Rengasdengklok. The Rengasdengklok’s PETA have arrested  theJapanese’s  Wedana(Village’s Chief and two or three Japanese”Sakura” who adminstratived the Rice. The Jakarta’s  Syotyokan(Mayor)this day have came to Rengasdengklok to check the Rice stock, he also arrested “coup d’etats .

For Who and under the whomed’s  name the PETA fight the power there? For  and under the name of Indonesian Independence?  Indonesian Independence wasn,t birth this day and There wasn,t exist Indonesia Revolusioner Government.

In the afternoon Mr Subardjo have came as the Gunseibu’s envoy to bring us Home and Sukarni didn’t against that. In the night we came back to Djakarta also with Sutardjo and Sukarn and the Peta asked what about the Wedana, we said released him. At this nignh the the chief of Revolutiuon , will be started, and came back to the hand of Sukarno-Hatta (ibid Hatta,1951)

(2)Later Version By Hatta in 1984

At four o’clock in the morning, after my last meal before sunrise ( this during the Moslem fasting month). Soekarni came to my house with somebody from PETA ( I don’t remenbmber his name anymore) to fetch me.

Soekarni said :”I,m asking you to came with us”. “Where to?” I said.”Out of town” he said.”What are we going out of town for ?”I said again. Soekarni anwered : “ Well, we are going to free Indonesia and continue the Goverment from there, out of town”

”What government, it hasn’t been formed ye t.Independence hasn’t been proclaimed yet, only tomorrow morning. What gouvernment are you talking about?”

“Well that is how it is.This is the decision of the youth. Bung Karno and you aare going to be taken out of town, independence will proclaimed there “ said Soekarni.

I answer ,:” Oh,that’s how it is. What you are trying to do is the same as Hitler’s abortive Putsch in Munich,that is,trying to seize power without any backbone and mature planning” I laso said :” We were gpoing to proclaim our independence and you’re going to make a failure of it”

Soekarni said again :” Well,in any case ,just come with us,Bung. If you don’t come. Bung karno won’t want to come either”

From my house I was tkaen to Bung Karno’shouse. From there Bung Karno, Fatmawati, Guntur, all of us, were taken to the border of Krawang in the direction of Rengasdengklok. Near krawang before turning off to Rengasdengklok, the car stopped. We were removed into a pick-up vehicle. The milk for baby Guntur was left behind in the previous car, which was sent back to Jakarta. Perhaps the reason was to prevent people from knowing where they had taken us. With that pick-up finally arrived in Rengasdengklok.

We were put in the office of the Daidan ( a lower administrative unit of PETA) . We were ordered to sit there. The house was two-storied, upstair seemed to be their bedrooms. We sat there together . Then the Wedana of Rengasdengklok was brought there.He was startled to see us there.

After sitting there for an hour, we were told to move to another house not far away.

It seemd to be the house of a Chinese, a landowner herer\.

 We were guarded by a young man with a bambooo spear. Until close to tweleve noon nothing happened . Then I called the guard and asked him to call Soekarni. I said :” The man who brought us here, his name is soekarni,” He still didn’t know. I told him to ask the daidan.

The guard went away, Of course, he should not have left us. But Bung Karno and I told him to go, so he went. Miltarily of course, he was in fact being indisciplinary. Not long after that the guard came back with Soekarni. We asked him :”How is it, have you stated your revolution ? This morning you said that the people would attack.Have the people attacked jakarta yet ?”

He said , there had been no contact with Jakarta,yet. Bung Karno and I told him tophone Jakarta, to contact his headquaters and asked them whether it had taken place or whether it had failed or was it just talk and there had been no realization at all

He went . We waited for a long time. It almost an hour, and still he had not comeback. I thought,  nothing was happenening.

About two o’clock in the afternoon he came back at last and said that he tried to contact Jakarta; it was very difficult to make contacct at first, but at least he had done so,he said.

“And what has happened ? have the people attacked Jakarta ?” .”No,there’s been no attack”,he said.”This morning you said that the people were going to attack and disarm the Japanese, therefore you brought us here. Now,itseems , nothing has happened. So,you’ve failed.” I said.”That is not sure yet.” H e replied.

Thus , we just waited and waited as we had done since morning. All that Bung Karno and I did was to take turns with Fatmawati holding Guntur and trying to quieten him.

Guntur with Sukarno and Fatmawati

Guntur kept on crying because there was no milk.

 Fatmawati couldnot feed him and there was no canned milk because it had been left in the car had been sent back to Jakarta that morning.

When it was my turn to be holding Guntur on my lap, he uninated. My trouser were wet and I had no change.So I could not say mt prayers, wheas it was fasting month. Only aound one in the afternoon was atin of milk brought and only then  did Guntur become quiet.

That evening toward six o’clock,Soebardjo came from Jakarta looking for us. He negotiated with the Daidan to take us  back to Jakarta.

First the daidan refused. Soebardjo pointed out “What is the use of detaining Bung karno and Bung Hatta here ? Nothing is happening in Jakarta. It is absolutely queit there. The meeeting this morning was cancelled because you brought Bung Karno and Bung Hatta here. Why must it be like this ?”

 

 

When we were to be taken back to Jakarta , i asked jokingly,”Better if we spent the night here, it is ill-time now,” Fatmawati(Soekarno’s wife)protested :”No, the tin of milk for Guntur which the guard brought is finished. Guntur will suffer and will cry again.At least we started for Jakarta.

In the end we were ready again to go back to Jakarta.

Soekarni also went with us.

Funny things happaned also on our way ack. Soekarno,myself and Soebardjo sat in the back in the car, while Soekarni sat in front next to the driver. Fatmawati and Guntur together with Soetardjo were in another car.

On our way to Jakarta before we passed Krawqang, we saw smoke in the distance, said Soekarni :” Now then the people have started to burn down the properties of the Chinese.” Bung Karno told the driver to goon, then to stop for a while when we told the driver to have a look. Laten on, he said it was only the people burning rice straw. We all doubled up with laughter. Soekarni did look slightly embarrassed.

When we reached jakarta, Soetardjo accompanied Fatmawati and Guntur home to 56 pegangsaan street (now Proklamasi street)with their own car ,

Bung Karno and myself ,Soebardjo and soekarni went to my place with our car.

I immediately asked Soebardjo to phone Hotel de Indess  to CALL A MEETING THAT SAME NIGHT OF MEMBERS OF THE PREPATORY COMMITTEE AT MIDNIGHT AT HOTEL das INDES to continue the meeting which had not taken place that morning.look at the picture of Hotel Des Indes  below

Those at Hotel des Indes said by phone that for some time past the Japanese has instructed the hotel management sot to allow meetings to be held after ten at night.

Soebardho suggested we try to ask MAEDA’S AGREEMENT TO HOLD THE MEEETING AT HIS HOUSE. We AGREED WITH Soebardjo suggestion.Maeda answered by phone:”He would with pleasure put his house at our disposal for the meeting and he was happy to hear that the two of us had returned to Jakarta. All 21 members were invited to hold that  MIDNIGHT MEETING.

Each of us wanted to go home first since there were still a few hours to go before midnight.”What about me?” asked Soekarni.”You go home too”I said. “But,I can’t go like this, in my PETA uniform”. “Why are you afraid. You took tke risk,you dared make a revolution, why should you be afraid of being arrested by the Japanese?”. In the end i lent him a few clothes, which happened to fiyt. Perhaps a bit tight, but he went home in those cloth. Going back to Jakaeta he was in PETA uniform, although he had no right to them because he was not a member of PETA.

Then there was a telephone call from Miyoshi, my laisson man at the Gunseikanbu, saying that the Sumobucho wanted to see me. I told Miyoshi that we would come around 10. p.m. . After taking bath I phoned Bung Karno to fetch me to go to Maeda’s and the Gunseikan at 10 p.m.

First we went to Maeda’s house and accompanied by Maeda too, we went to the house of the Sumabucho. (Read Dai Nippon Military adminstration Java about the Dai Nippon official goverment-auth) .

Maeda was delighted we were back and shook hands with us. The Sumobucho did not allow the holding of meeting any longer. “What can we do? We have surrendered to the Allies and now we are just tools of the Allies. The Allies instructed us to guard the status quo no changes are to be made anymore.

We immediately answered rather harshy :”You are a Samurai. General Terauchi at Dalat left it to us. What about your oath and your promise as a Samutai to us ?” “We are in a different position now”, he said. “You alway stalk, about your Samurai spirit. Show it to us no”,We retorted.

Bung karno and I indeed used rather harsh words and apparentley Miyoshi refined it translation a little, but eventually, we didn’t achieve anything.

Bung Karno said again :” So, if our youth takes action,will your army shoot them ?” The Sumobucho said :” Yes, we are forced to. Thoses are the Allied instructions, there is nothing esle to be done.”

Maeda went home earlier. He seemed bored by that endless talk. In the end, after about one hour, we also left the house of the Sumobucho and returned to Maeda’s house.Maeda just laughed, saying that the Sumobucho had no standpoint. At the beginning we were five people gathered there, that is,

Bung Karno

, myself(Bung Hatta)

, Soebardjo

 

, Sayuti Melik and Soekarni.

We agreed ten to write the text odf the proclamation. I said that the text had been prpared since last night, was at my place. It wasn’t quite ready; I was typing it, when I was taken to Bung Karno’s house.

Bung karno said that we should make just a short text ,” Bung Hatta knows better Indonesian than I do. Think about it and write it down” said Bung Karno.

To think and write at the same time is rather difficult. I’ll think out the sentences and Bung Karno write them down” I said.

Then I spoke the sentences of the draft proclamation, and Bung Karno wrote them down on paper. The two main sentences that i dictated were,” We, the Indonesian peopke, hereby proclaim the Independence of Indonesia. The tranfer of power and the like, matters relating there to will be carried out carefully and in the shortest possible time”

Bung Karno slowly read the text of the proclamation. Tree time he read it. Ultimately everybody agreed unanimously, everybody accepted it happily. Everybody shouter :”Agrreed”.

Then I asked the all saying:” So this is an important document for the history of our nation.Let us all who are present here sign this document . Just as when George Washington made his proclamation, evereybody present signed the document .” Nobody answere. Dilence. Then Soekarni said:” It is not good if all of us sign the document. Soekarno-Hatta is sufficient on behalf of all the people of Indonesia

Everybody was happy. I was rather annoyed, because they were given an opportunity to make history, but didn’it want to take it (may be they were affraid to Japanese ????-auth ,what your comment?). So, it seem they only looked like tigers from the outside. Iapparently they were brave, but in fact they were not).

The meeting was ended, everybody was happy.

Maeda came down from his room upstairs.

He shook hands with everybody present. We ordered the btext of the proclamation to be retyped, multiplied and broadcast.

Thus, only that night had the Sunobucho told us that since tweleve noon that day instruction had been recieved by Japan from the Allies that the status quo was not to be changed, and therefore the holding of meetings could not be approved. But Maeda not only gave permission , but even put his house at our disposal for that historic meeting.

I think the reason Maeda did that was HIS CONSCIENCE AS SAMURAI SOLDIER HE FELT BOUND BY Japan’s promise, and (perhaps) he felt he was going to punished by the Allies anyway, so it was better to help the wishes of the Indonesian ppeople to reach the treshold of their ieals.

That is my private guess. So, the meeting which was to be held in the morning 0f 16th August 1945 was cancelled which we had been carried off to Rengasdengklok, and it was not true the Japanese prevent it.

It is necessary to note here, which I learnt afterwards, that threre was a proposal by Soekarni which he conveyed through Soebardjo, to add five more names to participate in the signing of the text of the proclamation, but Soebardji did not mention this during the early morning meetin in August 17.

Maybe it was because Soekarni had said that night it was enough for just two people to sign it (ibid Yasni,1984).

and then typing by Sayuti Melik

(In the originnal text, Soekarno writting some off Hatta dictated were stripped and changed from”Af-voi vo q(not clear) change to”Penjerahan”(recapitulation) and then change to”pemindahan”, the word “ dioesahakan’ change to “diselenggarakan” Djakarta 17-8-’05 Wakil2 bangsa Indonesia.

This text of Proclamation’s concept than Type by Sayuti Melik with change Djakarta hari 17 Boelan 8 tahoen 05 (japanese year 2605 or 1945) , atas nama bangsa Indonesia(On behalf of Indonesian people ) Soekarno- Hatta, this original concept informed on the merdeka magazine during six moth Independent “Merdeka” by the owner B.M.Diah, and many years keep by him and then after many years he gave back to president Soeharto and now keep in MONAS monument Jakarta-auth)

(3)Other version were written by the Youngmen like Adam Malik,Sukarni,etc but didn’t listed here.

AUGUST,17.1945)Batavia, 17th/1945Photo: ABC Press

“Better to the hell than to be colonized again” was painted on a streetcar in Jakarta on 17 August 1945. This is the day of the Proclamasi, the day Sukarno plants the red and white flag in front of his home in Jakarta and proclaims the independent Republic of Indonesia. Two days after the surrender of Japan the situation is chaotic, and the Dutch government is not even inclined to consider acknowledging the republic.

The Indonesians will have to endure two wars and wait for more than four years until sovereignty is officially granted, on 29 December 1949.

.August,17th. 1945

 

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

MERDEKA! MERDEKA! MERDEKA !

 

 

 

 

Declaration event

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia.


Provisional guards for President Sukarno, Jakarta, 1945.

 

PRANGKO DEFINIT DAI NIPPON SUMATRA DIGUNAKAN DIKANTOR POS pADANG DENGAN STEMPEL DAI NIPPON HURUF KANJI pA-DA-N(G) DENGAN TANGGAL SHOWA 20.8.17 YANG BERARTI 17 AGUSTUS 1945, SAYANG SUDAH DICOPOT DARI SAMPUL, SURAT DIKIRIM SAAT KEMERDEKAN INDONESIA DI PROKLAMASI DI jAKARTA, INI KOLEKSI SANGAT HISTORIS, SAAT PROKLAMASI KANTOR POS PADANG MASIH DIKUASAI DAI NIPPON.

koleksi ini juga ditampilkan dalam buku Indonesia Independdent revolution and War

 

Money Order Frament  DEI stamp CDS Malang 17.8.5(August,17tgh.1945)

Postal History august,17th.1945 from other countries

Bussum – Zwitserland 1945 – Gezien door den Censuurdienst

( Wolfheze ) Bussum – Zurich 17.8.1945

August 17

Sukarno reads the brief, succinct, and unilateral “Proklamasi”; the Declaration of Independence.

PETA forces, radical youths, and ordinary people in Jakarta organize defense of Sukarno’s residence. Flyers are distributed proclaiming independence. Adam Malik sends out a shortwave announcement of the Proklamasi.

 

DURING AND AFTER INDEPENDENCE PROCLAMATION

IN 17th AUGUST 1945.

  1. Samsi Jacobalis ,2000,books info :

In the early moning Chaerul saleh bring  The copy of Indonesian independent proclamotion direct from Maeda house, and the documen gave to Eri sadewo at Prapatan 10 for copying and disebarluaskan after the ceremony at Eat pegangsaan styreet (private documantation by DR.Rushdy Hussein)

Mamahit had met Dr Muwardi the leader of Barisan banteng,he told hi  that Bung Karno this morning still sleep and did’t wat absudr(tak mau diganggu0 becaus eafter backhome fro m maeda house early in the morning his Malaria kambuh(exist again) . He will dibangunkan(call from sleep) about 9 o’clock for preparing himself to read the proclamation(mengucapkan proklamasi).

During proclamation only PPKI member,pejuang and old potiticia generation ,also the memeber of Prapatan 10 and student who live outside asrama ,with peoples. Sayhrir,Chaerul saleh.Sukarni and Adam malik didnot join the proclamation ceremony, Adam Malik in his book said that he didn’t joint (hadir)  because waiting the moment (kesempatan) in Domei for send telegraph about proclamation abroad(menirim berita proklamasi keluar negeri dari kantor berita jepang Domei).

During proclamation ceremony by Bung Karno in the front of his house at Pegangsaan street, the Studet at prapatan 10 jakarta also read the copy of Indonesian Independet Proclamation by Eri Sudewo as  the ceromy Inspectuer (inspektur upacara) ,The command of ceremony salamun,the up of flag Muhardewo.

 

Proklamasi 17 Agustus 1945 merupakan tonggak bagi kemerdekaan Indonesia. Proses proklamasi yang berjalan cepat dan agak mendadak mengakibatkan reaksi yang beragam di kalangan masyarakat, pun demikian di kalangan kepolisian.

 

Satu- satunya orang yang mengabadikan foto proklamasi kemerdekaan RI 17 Agustus 1945

Source :  arumijhan

Frans Soemarto Mendoer

Fotografi memang bukan hanya menjadi saksi sejarah, tapi juga menjadi bukti sejarah hidup manusia dan peristiwa-peristiwa yang melingkupinya. Dengan keberadaan foto, banyak orang bisa diingatkan dan disadarkan tentang suatu hal. Frans Soemarto Mendoer sangat memahami hal tersebut. Karena itulah, setelah mendapat kabar dari seorang sumber di harian Jepang Asia Raya bahwa akan ada kejadian penting di rumah kediaman Soekarno, Frans langsung bergerak menuju rumah bernomor 56 di Jalan Pegangsaan Timur itu sambil membawa kamera Leica-nya. Dan benar, pagi itu, Jumat, 17 Agustus 1945, sebuah peristiwa penting berlangsung di sana: pembacaan teks proklamasi kemerdekaan bangsa Indonesia oleh Soekarno.

Saat itu Frans hanya memiliki sisa tiga lembar plat film. Jadi dari peristiwa bersejarah itu, ia hanya bisa mengabadikan tiga adegan.

Yang pertama, adegan Soekarno membacakan teks proklamasi.

Yang kedua, adegan pengibaran bendera Merah Putih yang dilakukan oleh Latief Hendraningrat, salah seorang anggota PETA.

 

Dan yang ketiga, suasana ramainya para pemuda yang turut menyaksikan pengibaran bendera. Setelah menyelesaikan tugas jurnalisnya itu, Frans langsung bergegas meninggalkan rumah kediaman Soekarno karena menyadari bahwa tentara Jepang tengah memburunya.

Frans menjadi satu-satunya orang yang mengabadikan momen sakral itu karena Alex Alexius Impurung Mendoer, kakak kandungnya yang juga sempat memotret prosesi bersejarah tersebut, harus merelakan kameranya dirampas oleh tentara Jepang.

Dan sewaktu tentara Jepang menemui Frans untuk meminta negatif foto Soekarno yang sedang membacakan teks proklamasi, Frans mengaku film negatif itu sudah diambil oleh Barisan Pelopor.

Padahal negatif foto peristiwa yang sangat penting itu ia sembunyikan dengan cara menguburnya di tanah, dekat sebuah pohon di halaman belakang kantor harian Asia Raya. Kalau saja saat itu negatif film tersebut dirampas tentara Jepang, maka mungkin generasi sekarang dan generasi yang akan datang tidak akan tahu seperti apa peristiwa sakral tersebut.

Bahkan, mengenai kehadiran Frans di rumah Soekarno pada waktu itu, wartawan senior Alwi Shahab menulis “Andaikata tidak ada Frans Mendoer, maka kita tidak akan punya satu foto dokumentasi pun dari peristiwa proklamasi kemerdekaan…” Tulisan itu dimuat di harian Republika edisi Minggu, 14 Agustus 2005, tiga hari menjelang peringatan Hari Ulang Tahun Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia yang ke-60.

Pencucian tiga buah foto bersejarah itu juga tidaklah mudah karena dihalang-halangi pihak Jepang. Frans bersama Alex terpaksa secara diam-diam harus mengendap, memanjat pohon pada malam hari, dan melompati pagar di samping kantor Domei (sekarang kantor berita ANTARA) untuk bisa sampai ke sebuah lab foto guna mencetak foto-foto tersebut. Padahal, bila dua bersaudara itu tertangkap oleh tentara Jepang, mereka akan dipenjara, bahkan dihukum mati.

Foto pembacaan Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia itu pertama kali dimuat di harian Merdeka pada tanggal 20 Februari 1946, lebih dari setengah tahun setelah pembuatannya. Film negatif catatan visual itu sekarang sudah tak dapat ditemukan lagi. Ada dugaan bahwa negatif film itu ikut hancur bersama semua dokumentasi milik kantor berita Antara yang dibakar pada peristiwa di tahun 1965. Waktu itu, sepasukan tentara mengambil seluruh koleksi negatif film dan hasil cetak foto yang dimiliki Antara lalu membakarnya.

 

Catatan Dr Iwan

Ternyata peristiwa proklamasi masih ada foto kempat,yang sebenarnya  foto urutan pertama Sebelum Sukarno membacakan pidato proklamasinya ia berdoa menurut agama islam dengan membaca Bismillah Ya Rahman Ya Rahim,foto ini ditemukan wartawan senior  Alwi Shihab.

Masih ada foto yang belum diketemukan ialah saat Dr Mawardi membacakan mukadimah Undang-Undang dasar 1945 dan Pancasila.Bung Karno tidak membaca proklamasi langsung dari teks proklamasi yang diketik, dan proklamasi tulisan tangan ternyata disimpan oleh wartawan senior Merdeka yang kemudian ditampilkan dalam buku peringatan enam bulan merdeka tyterhitan hariian Merdeka,kemudian lama hilang dan akhirnya diserahkan kepada pak harto dna sekarang disimpan di MONAS.

  1. Info Of Indonesian Independent proclamation

(1)From Kuala tungkal Jambi

. August 17, 1945 Proclamation of Independence and Public Speech Kuala Tungkal

Head Office Telegraph Kuala Tungkal H. M. Kurchi / Madiah Syahbandar Kuala Tungkal, always follow the developments within and outside the country through radio broadcasts are heard in secret so as not known by the Japanese authorities. RI heard the news of the proclamation of independence by H. M. Kurchi on August 17, 1945, and then circulated(disebarluaskannya) to community leaders and youth. On August 20, 1945 a number of youth, among others, M. Kasim, Tuhirang Duladji at 07.00 am and flying the red and white flag at the port of Kuala Tungkal, which is then followed by a flag-raising by people in their homes.

 

 

(2)The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

(Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi)

was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept 17 August 1945 as Indonesia’s independence date[1]

Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president, respectively, were the document’s signatories.

Declaration event

First Dr Mawardi read Mukadimah Undang-Undang dasar 45 and Pancasila ,

then

Before Sukarno read his announcement , he  prayed to Allah, Bismillah Ya Rahman Ya Rahim and the mighty only GOD as the moslem and the he speaked and then read the proclamations

Sukarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta (right), proclaiming the independence of Indonesia.

The draft was prepared only a few hours earlier, on the night of August 16, by Sukarno, Hatta, and Soebardjo, at Rear-Admiral Maeda (Minoru) Tadashi’s house, Miyako-Doori 1, Jakarta (now the “Museum of the Declaration of Independence“, JL. Imam Bonjol I, Jakarta).

The original Indonesian Declaration of Independence was typed by Sayuti Melik.[2][3] Maeda himself was sleeping in his room upstairs. He was agreeable to the idea of Indonesia‘s independence, and had lent his house for the drafting of the declaration. Marshal Terauchi, the highest-ranking Japanese leader in South East Asia and son of Prime Minister Terauchi Masatake, was however against Indonesia’s independence, scheduled for August 24.

While the formal preparation of the declaration, and the official independence itself for that matter, had been carefully planned a few months earlier, the actual declaration date was brought forward almost inadvertently as a consequence of the Japanese unconditional surrender to the Allies on August 15 following the Nagasaki atomic bombing.

The historic event was triggered by a plot, led by a few more radical youth activists such as Adam Malik and Chairul Saleh, that put pressure on Soekarno and Hatta to proclaim independence immediately. The declaration was to be signed by the 27 members of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) symbolically representing the new nation’s diversity.

The particular act was apparently inspired by a similar spirit of the United States Declaration of Independence. However, the idea was heavily turned down by the radical activists mentioned earlier, arguing that the committee was too closely associated with then soon to be defunct Japanese occupation rule, thus creating a potential credibility issue.

Instead, the radical activists demanded that the signatures of six of them were to be put on the document. All parties involved in the historical moment finally agreed on a compromise solution which only included Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta as the co-signers ‘in the name of the nation of Indonesia’

Soekarno had initially wanted the declaration to be read at Ikada Plain, the large open field in the centre of Jakarta, but due to unfounded widespread apprehension over the possibility of Japanese sabotage, the venue was changed to Soekarno’s house at Pegangsaan Timur 56. In fact there was no concrete evidence for the growing suspicions, as the Japanese had already surrendered to the Allies, and the Japanese high command in Indonesia had given their permission for the nation’s independence. The declaration of independence passed without a hitch.

Draft

Indonesian

PROKLAMASI

Kami, bangsa Indonesia, dengan ini menjatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan,d.l.l., diselenggarakan dengan tjara saksama dan dalam tempoh yang sesingkat-singkatnja

Djakarta (Jakarta), 17-8-45

Wakil-Wakil Bangsa Indonesia

Amendments

Three amendments were made to the draft, as follows:

  • tempoh“: changed to “tempo“, both meaning “time period”.
  • 17-8-45: changed to “hari 17, boelan 8, tahoen 05″ (“day 17, month 8, year 05″ of the Japanese sumera calendar); the number “05″ is the short form for 2605.
  • Wakil-Wakil Bangsa Indonesia” (Representatives of the people of Indonesian nation): changed to “Atas nama bangsa Indonesia” (“in the name of the nation of Indonesia”).

 

Final text

The original Indonesian Declaration of Independence

The monument commemorating the Indonesian Declaration of Independence

PROKLAMASI

Kami, bangsa Indonesia, dengan ini menjatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan d.l.l., diselenggarakan dengan tjara saksama dan dalam tempo jang sesingkat-singkatnja.

Djakarta, hari 17 boelan 8 tahoen 05Atas nama bangsa Indonesia,

Soekarno/Hatta.

 

English translation

An English translation published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as of October 1948 included the entire speech as read by Sukarno. It incorporated remarks made immediately prior to and after the actual proclamation. George McTurnan Kahin, a historian on Indonesia, believed that they were omitted from publication in Indonesia either due to Japanese control of media outlets or fear of provoking a harsh Japanese response.[4]

PROCLAMATION

WE THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA HEREBY DECLARE THE INDEPENDENCE OF
INDONESIA. MATTERS WHICH CONCERN THE TRANSFER OF POWER AND
OTHER THINGS WILL BE EXECUTED BY CAREFUL MEANS AND IN THE
SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME.

DJAKARTA, 17 AUGUST 1945

IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA

SOEKARNO—HATTA

THE CHRONOLOGIC HISTORIC COLLECTIONS

  1. Hatta Version

SATURDAY, AUGUST. 17th. 1945

a)Proclamation Preparationed

1) Hatta’s version

(1) vintage version  (ibid,Hatta.1951)

At midnight(r early morning 17th August 1945-auth) , after the meeting with Sumobutjo where the Japanese have been the caretaker under the allied, there were the meeting with all the members of Independence prepatory Committee, the  delegation of Youngmen and people .

 

In the meeting  depend on the youngmen suggestion have the” round”(all said yes-auth) conclusion that the Indonesia Independent proclamation only sign by Sukarno-Hatta under the name of Indonesia’s nation.(Hatta didn’t told where and how the Independence declaration was produced, may be for the security. The detailed were told later in 1984 –auth.)

(2)later version (ibid,Yusni,1984)

I phoned Bung karno to fetch me to go to Maeda’s and the  Gunseikan at 10.00 PM (August 16th 1945). First we went to Maeda’s house, amd, accompanied by Maeda too, we went to the House of the Sumobucho (where the Gunsereikan, the hignest Dai Nippon military ‘s chief in Java, who know ? please give us information? –auth

The Sumobucho did not allow the holding of meetings any longer.(HE SAID)”‘WHAT CAN WE DO ?We have surrendered to the Allies and now we are just tools of the Allies. The Allies instructed us to guard the status quo, no changes are to be made anymore.”

We also left the house of the Sumobucho  and returned to Maeda’s house. At the beginning we were five people gather there. We agreed then to write the text of the proclamation. Etc read above!LOOK AT THE PHOTO OF BUNG KARNO AND BUNG HATTA IN BUNG KARNO HOUSE JUST BEFORE PROCLAMATIONS *ill.017

 

Later on, just before the meeting broke up, I asked for food of my before-dawn meal from Maeda. Before I went home in Soekarno’s car, we agreed to meet again at 10.00 a.m. that morning at Pegangsaan Timur , Soekarno,s house , to hold the ceremony of reading the text of the proclamation.

(This was the new information after 43 years independend  in 1984,that only five people in the meeting, and what about the member of Prepatory Committee as told in 1951 ?Hatta din’t mentioned in 1984?-who  have the factual collection about this, please momment- auth)

(3) Other version

Many version depend on the writers, (I haven’t written in this blocked, if someone need please tell us in the comment, and we will write in special topic-auth)

2)Proclamation ceremony

(1)vintage Hatta version

17 Agustus 1945 , 10.00 o,clock (Indonesia time )

 

the text of Indonesian Independence was proclaimed  to all the people (in the front of Sukarno house,East  Pengasaan street, the house was burned and now become the Pola Buildings and in the the locations was build Proclamation Sukarno-Hatta statue, the lattest locations was moved from the first location –look at the pictured postcard.(MANY MYSTERIOUS GUEST DURING BUNG KARNO READ THE TEXT WITH BUNG HATTA BESIDE HIM, because later many of that mysterious guest behind Bung Hatta were disapeared with black coloue, also the guest behind Bung Karno only Bu Fatmawati Sukarno dan Larief were said, who know the other mysterious gueast plese give info,look carefully the  mysterious guest from the three version  picture from the same photos below:

 

 

 

and compare with the Proclamation statue,the Bung Hatta Position not like  the really during proclamation,he look Bung Karno , look carefully  below:

Hatta didn’t mantioned who read the Text of proclamation Sukarno or another people in  vintage and later version, also in another version by Moerdijanto(1952) “ Ir Sukarno and Drs Moh Hatta , on behalf of Indonesia nation, proclaimed Independence of all Indonesia. After read the proclamation text etc…”  ? please comment and show us your factual collection related to this historic moment, one information  have found , please read (2)- auth)

(2)Merdeka magazine’s version (17 Feb.1946)

The Narasion left of the Proclamation photo( the photo was cutted and the two ladies beside Fatmawati and two men with PETA uniform didn.t seen and not got quality repro.uth) :Your excellency, PJM(Paduka Yang Mulia),Presiden Ir. Soekarno , between  M.Hatta and Colonel Abdul Latief Hendradiningrat (wrong , because that moment he haven’t choose as President snd Abdul latief ex PETA ,didn’t rank Colonel-auth), Proclaimed on Behalf of all peoples(Indonesia) Indonesia Independence.

(3)Vintage  Proclamations day ‘s collections

(a) Document history collection

(1)Until this day I haven’t found the original document related with the text of Indonesia  Independence Proclamations , only Repro photos of Proclamations ceremony  and the Sukarno handwritten ‘s concept WITHOUT SIGN in Merdeka Magazine (feb.1946)

(2) I have seen before a Java character newspaper date August,17th,2605. without the informations of Proclamation and only the information of the Indonesia Independence preparation Committee. ( if someone have the original document/photos  about the cremony and  the text of Indonesia Independence Proclamation please contact us-auth)

(3) The original photo’s repro of  Indonesia Independence proclamations ,  Sukarno in Complete  White dress with “Kopiah”Cap, was holding bigger paper, not small Independece proclamation’s text, biside him at the left Hatta in white complete Dress and he put his hand back , without “Kopiah”Cap and at the right Abdoel latief Hendraningrat with PETA uniform, was holding Samurai.

 

 

 

They were standing in the front of the House and the vintage  loudspeaker was used.

In the back of repro photo,Violet  Handstamped “Foto Departemen Penerangan,Sumber”Foto Deppen” harus disebutkan jika foto dipakai untuk publikasi apapun. Kode negatip:”(the Photo of Indonesia “Penerangan”Departemen, source “Foto Deppen” must said if the photo was used for publication. Negative Code:

), Biside the stamped, three pen’s handwritten : 3 , R 83-4442 and  ½ Hal. In the biggest photo  we could seen Fatmawati (Sukarno wife, Hatta alone stilln’t married, and ten people , (Who were them ? please comment, because in small photo in another magazine Fatmawati didn’t seen and only five people with civil dress  behind sayuti Melik and  added three men with PETA uniform in the back of Hatta-auth) (page).(D)

 

in the front of Sukarno House, we can see Hatta  without cap and Soekarno with cap in the right side, and  Abdoel latief Hendradiningrat with PETA uniform and  two youngmen with civil dress (? Who) one  holding  the flag at left, and the other one in the center to pull the string to up the flag , also we can see Fatmawati(Sukarno’s wife who had made the flag)  from behind  Fatmawati with kebaya ,selen-dang on hair and  long stripdesign ‘s wear , and, beside her,  two another women with kebaya dress withoutt selendang on their hairs (who ?), and the leftside were seen  one  civillian’s youngmen (who ?).( who know the persons in the photo, please comment)

(5) The Situation before Independence proclamation ceremony at Pegangsaan Timur (D.Bassa,Merdeka Magazine,Jakarta, 17 February 1946)

In looked at the situation during Independence proclamation at East Pegangsaan , and at that memorable time, the writer was in the center of thousand youngmens.

Long before the ceremony, the sukarno’s house were different than anotther day, everybody who passed in the front of me that time with the meaning of that will be opened the new page of history.

In the front (beranda) and in the center o the house were exist many peoples , included envoys from other indonesian island ( outside Java-auth)  , the member of Independence Preparation Commitee, the other day(16 August)  they haved meeting to choose President and Vice-president Republic of Indonesia( The writer wrong , he didn’t know that the meetinh had cancelled because Sukarno-Hatta bring out to Rengasdengklok by Sukarni and Wikana-auth)

I couldn’t caculated how many youngmen and “Pelopor” guard(Barisan) which still came at this day. (Hatta later’s  information,” There were also rumours that it was(The Independence proclamation-auth) going to be read at Ikada Stadium (now was change to Market).

Therefore, may people went to Ikada, so that only about 100 people were present at the ceremony at Pegangsaan Timur; not many, but it was quite solemn, although it was short and concise.Ibid Yusni,1984,p-129)

Bung Karno and Bung Hatta Had came from the place (“Somewhere”? I think Sukarno stayed in that house because the Independence  Proclamation in the varanda at front of his house-auth) with Their Ex guard from PETA (? WHO) and the Independent Proclamation will fastly done (soon). My Heart Became “quiet” (easy) and “steady” (peace), although before feeled ‘sanctions’ (doubtness), The Independence will annouced “soon”.

The preparations of ceremony were done, the ceremony command’s(R.A.Abdoel Latif Hendraningrat)  words that asked all the participants : Famous men, youngmen and gilrs, the member of “Pelopor” (Barisan Pelopor) etc, to stand with “teratur” and must look atPresident and vice-president (the writers  haved written this article sixt month later, that is way he used the rank that time-aut)

 

the ceremony with “Tertib” as still heared in my ear when write this article. He have said :”The People of Independence State must know how to honoured their “Leaders” (the writers used word President and vice prisident, he made the wrong statement again, that time Sukarno-Hatta only the National leaders-auth )

Everybody have done like the Young Opsir’s said . “The Indonesian Leaders Sukarno Hatta” in the front of the youngmen,students and Pelopor which stood in the bigger  “perkarangan” outside of the house were under the undrawned word’s feelling ( tak dapat dilukiskan dengan kata-kata), but deep in my heart I had feeled “Inocent (Kesoetjian) and happiness(kebahagiaan)”

After 55 years,this day,august.18th.2011, someone in Metro television  Jakarta told that he ,name Ilyas Karim still alive now) had “mengibarkan” the Red and white flag during Indonesia Independence Proclamation look the illustration below,a young man with short trouser in the center of the picture beside Abdul Latief Hendranigrat  (with PETA army dress and samurai  sword),also one young man hold the flag still donnot know who,why the man told now? very difficilut to confirmDr Iwan note.

This is the rare picture I have just found,we can see many people in the front of flag pole.who is the women with jilbab who pick the flag an 12 women behind her ,who?and at theother side many young people.who? still more research need,please the family tell me.

(6)Situation during Independence’s Proclamation ceremony (ibid,Basa.D,1946)

The text of Indonesia Independence Proclamation was readed by Dr Moewardi, the  Ceremonial,s Chief, and after that readed together ( by all the participants included Sukarna and Hatta, many years everybody have wrong that Sukarno had read the text, because in 1950 The Radio of Republic  Indonesia (RRI) have produced the record Indonesia National Song”Indonesia Raya” arranged by Indonesian National Police’s band command by in memoriam  R.Sudjasmin with the sound of Sukarno who read the proclamarion text, I have that record. Every morning the RRI have played this record as the started’s song before the beginning of the program -auth)

  1. Soewirjo on the behalf of Jakarta city ‘s people, also gave “sambutan”’s word , “We, Indonesian People have choosed our  way to confrontated the difficult situation of this time, that we have dicided as the best and right moment  to proclaimed our  Independence at this day.(Later  he became the first Mayor of Jakarta-auth)

The Ceremonial’s participant have more attantioned when Hatta have came in the front of Microphone  and told about the meaning of Indonesia Independence text.

Soekarno have made the ceremonial’s participant into the  melanchollied’s felling(terharu),  when he said :” After many centuries all of  the people of Indonesia had fighted (became to be reality-auth)  , the duty and loaded (beban)  as the people of Independence’s state have became more heavy.

Sukarno said :”All the people,  at long time  in their heart have the believed  that  the Independence of any nation must be found by the power of their own nation.Sukarno also said “The enemy willn’t declined the “Red-White” Indonesia national’s flag before stepped up the dead-bodies of 70 millions Indonesia People bodies. We only like to see the Red-white flag inclined but not declined . Lets we guarded and  took care the flag still “berkibar”,fleed, until the end of the century  ”

The ceremony were closed with “Soempah Kesetiaan” The loyalty’s of the people and sung the Indonesia  national’s Song “Indonesia Raja” ( the tradition now that the National Song only Sing with or without Band during the inclination of the Flag ,

Only two photos exist taken By Frans mendur until nowFrom the front

 

And from the backside of Flag Pole(this photo not many published,may be someone in the picture had the political problem?

Photographer Frans Mendur (also Frans Mendoer)

The writer have said the Song have sung at the end of ceremony after the inclination of the flag,I think that true , because if we look at the historic’s photo by Mendur ‘s brother every bodie’s mouth especially Sukarno and Hatta still closed not sung/open , if   some one have another information please comment-auth.)

The Bung Karno Introduction Said in Indonesia language :

Gentlemen All.I . has, anda-saudara brothers present here to witness an all-important event in our history.
Decades of our nation to independence Indonesia has stragulle our homeland. Rqatus hundreds and even years!
Wave action we are to achieve our independence there were ups and downs, but our souls remain to toward ideals.
Also in   Japan, era,  our efforts to achieve national independence did not halt. in the Japanese era, it seems we rely on them, but in essence we are still preparing its own power, we still believe in the own power .Sekarang it is time we really take the fate of the nation’s homeland dn fate in our own hands.
Only a nation that dared to take fate in own hands, will stand with the strong DAPT.
So, last night we had menadakan deliberations with leaders of the people of Indonesia Indonesia legendary eluruh. Deliberative ity seiiya one word opinion, that now comes the time to declare independence.
Brothers with this, we declare our unanimity embroidery iyu.Dengarlah proclamation.

PROCLAMATION
We the people of Indonesia hereby declare the independence of Indonesia.
The things about the transfer of power and others carried out by carefully and within shortest possible time.

Jakarta, August 17, 1945
Indonesia on behalf of the Nation
Soekarno-Hatta
Brief, only two sentences, not to 30 kata.Kata-simple words carefully chosen, neutral, unemotional, not incite, a notification that does not offend siapapun.Ditujukan to our own people and to all dunia.Bahwa, starting today, Indonesia merdeka.Pemindahan the takeover of power and not from anyone. Organized by regularly and not careful maksunya semerawutan.Dalam tempo shortest = brevity means that before any data or come back to destroy the independence kita.Disusul with words that also cover a brief and quiet, but clear.
So brothers and saudar. We have now been merdeka.Tidak merdeka.Kita now there’s one more ties that bind our land and our nation is currently preparing kita.Mulai State kita.Negara Merdeka.Negara Indonesia.Merdeka Republic, eternal, and immutable . God bless Insyaalah independence (derived from the set of Regulations-Regulations Invitation RI, 1989 Jakrta.penusun and publisher of the New Ichtiar PT-van Hoeve)
After That Latif Hendranigrat with Uniform Map hoist (up) the Red and white flags with honor (honor to). The Indonesian national anthem sing together without derigent spontanously (conductor0.
The simple ceremony without protocoler, Hundreds attended only by people, with ordinary Their shirts, without honor troops (Honouraly), without music corps, without a radio journalist and becaus ethat time without reception of Ramadan month (fasting, Feast) bodies every proud and many cries . No Dai nippon Kempeitai attack, although the Bull Movement (Barisan bull) Had already exist to protect the command by Dr. Muwardi and Sudiro with Youngman militants included the Medicla Doctoral student in the command of Piet Mamahit and Suraryo whic send from Their headquaters (Headquarters) at Prapatan 10 street

Original info:

” Saudara-saudara sekalian.Saya telah ,inda saudara-saudar hadir disini untuk menyaksikan suatu peristiwa maha penting dalah sejarah kita.

Berpuluh-puluh tahun kita bangsa indonesia telah bejuang untuk kemerdekaan tanah air kita. Bahkan beratus-rqatus tahun !

Gelombang aksi kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan kita itu ada naik dan turunnya,tetapi jiwa kita tetap menujuu ke arah cita-cita.

Juga didalm zanman Jepang , usaha kita untuk mencapai kemerdekaan nasional tidak berhenti-henti. di dalam zaman Jepang itu,tampaknya saja kita menyandarkan diri kepada mereka, tetapi pada hakekatnya tetap kita menyusun tenaga sendiri, tetap kita percaya kepada kekuatan sendiri.Sekarang tibalah saatnya kita benar-benar mengambil nasib bangsa dn nasib tanah air didalam tangan kita sendiri.

Hanya bangsa yang berani mengambil nasib dalam tangan sendiri, akan dapt berdiri dengan kuatnya.

Maka,kami tadi malam telah menadakan musyawarah dengan pemuka-pemuka rakyat Indonesia daris eluruh Indonesia .Permusyawaratan ity seiiya sekata berpendapat,bahwa sekaranglah datang saatnya untuk menyatakan kemerdekaan itu.

Saudara-saudara dengan ini,kami menyatakan kebulatan tekat iyu.Dengarlah proklamasi kami.

 

 

 

PROKLAMASI

Kami bangsa Indonesia dengan ini menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Hal-hal yang mengenai pemindahan kekuasaan dan lain-lain diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama dan dalam tempo sesingkat-singkatnya.

Jakarta,17 Agustus 1945

Atan nama Bangsa Indonesia

Soekarno -Hatta

Singkat,hanya dua kalimat,tidak sampai 30 kata.Kata-kata sederhana dipilih dengan cermat,netral,tidak emosional,tidak menghasut,suatu pemberitahuan yang tidak menyinggung siapapun.Ditujukan kepada bangsa sendiri dan kepada seluruh dunia.Bahwa,mulai saat ini,Indonesia bangsa merdeka.Pemindahan kekuasaan dan bukan pengambilalihan kekuasaan dari siapapun. Diselenggarakan dengan cara seksama maksunya teratur dan bukan semerawutan.Dalam tempo yang sesingkat=singkatnya artinya sebelum siapapun data atau datang kembali untuk meniadakan kemerdekaan kita.Disusul dengan kata-kata penutup yang juga singkat dan tenang,tapi jelas.

Demikianlah saudara-saudar .Kita sekarang telah merdeka.Kita sekarang telah merdeka.Tidak ada satu ikatan lagi yang mengikat tanah air kita dan bangsa kita.Mulai saat ini kita menyusun Negara kita.Negara Merdeka.Negara Republik Indonesia.Merdeka,kekal,dan abadi. Insyaalah Tuhan memberkahi kemerdekaan itu(diturunkan dari himpunan Peraturan Perundangan-Undangan RI ,1989 Jakrta.penusun dan penerbit PT Ichtiar Baru-van Hoeve)

After that Latief Hendranigrat with Peta Uniform mengerek(up) the Red and white flag with penghormatan (honour to ) .The Indonesian national anthem sing spontanously together without derigent(conductor0

.

The ceremony simple without protocoler, dihadiri only by hundreds people,

with their ordinary shirt,without pasukan kehormatan(Honouraly ),

Why rthis photo was cutting?and the women with head cup disappeared who is she?

without music corps,without radio journalist and without reception becaus ethat time Ramadhan month(puasa,feast) every bodies proud and many cries.No Dai nippon Kempetai attack ,although the Banteng Movement(Barisan banteng) Had already exist to protect command by Dr Muwardi and Sudiro with youngman militan included the Medicla Doctor student  in the command of Piet Mamahit and Suraryo whic send from their headquaters(Markas) at Prapatan 10 street

Proklamasi: Sukarno pada mikrofon pada tanggal 17 Agustus, 1945.

Proclamation: Sukarno at the microphone on August 17, 1945

 

AFTER PROCLAMATION CEREMONY

After the proclamation of independence 17/8-1945, the youth Jakarta moves to spread the news of the proclamation. Not only the villages in Jakarta, but the various corners of the country. “Better dead than colonized again,” the expression of the people to maintain independence. The situation 63 years ago got hotter when NICA troops allied with the free ride back to Indonesia.
All villages in Jakarta was established fortifications of barbed wire and bamboo spears. So if there are soldiers who entered the village NICA then heard a voice of command: Siaaap. Because of that era is also called the ‘time ready’.

Considering the event has been going 63 years, and have rarely experienced it, let us remind you again how the atrocity NICA soldiers during the revolution. They opened fire on people who look suspicious. To that end, President Sukarno announced so people do not leave the house after eight o’clock. Records in the National Archives of just eight thousand people have been killed between September and December 1945.
Youths in the village of Kwitang aged 12 -18 years, participated as a student army even if it means carrying bamboo spears.
Many of them breathed her last the bullet NICA. At that time the mother-village kampong setting up soup kitchens for the fighters. Unknown in terms of corruption until they are willing to defend the homeland menymbangkan possessions they have.
Among the most feared fighters Dutch Betawi KH Nur Ali was from Bekasi. Until the Dutch courage to give a great gift for anyone who can catch it live or die. Betawi hero, Imam Syafi’ie collect the thugs Pasar Senen be a scary force the Netherlands. They operate in various neighborhoods in Jakarta

a) VINTAGE VERSION(ibid Hatta,1951)

The youngmen, Student, the Communication official and the writer”wartawan”  of Japanese Domei  announced the text of Indonesian Independence proclamations to all Indonesia.

b) Later Version (ibid Yusni,1984)

Among those present at that midnight meeting were also people from the Japanese news agency Domei in Jakarta. They succeeded in sending the news abroad that very same morning. The outside world was soon informed about this important event.

When they broadcast the news, the announcer’s booth was locked from the inside, to prevent the possibility of disturbance from the Japanese guard.

 

c)Samsi Jacobalis version(2000):

The Student ‘s attampt to sedn the new about proclamtion abroad trough Dai nippon Doemi radio not succeded. Suyono Martosewoyo which alway stayed at Dr Abdulrahman Saleh house , now that at that house there were the illegal radio broadcast  and with the permission of the owner that radio broadcast , Bung Karno and Bung Hatta were invited to Medical doctor Faculty Campus at Salemba street  for repeat the reading of Indonesian Independent Proclamatiomn  snf speaking(oration) through that illegal radio broadcasting, the instrument were bring to Physiology Laboratorium,where the attampt radio broadcasting had been trail by the student.Also exist Dr Abdulrachman Saleh,Mr Subarjo,Dr Buntaran,Mr Iwan Kusumasumatri,Wangsawijaya Bung hatta secretary,Suyono Martosewoyo .

Other Version

Many version have written, but all of the informations without   the factual documents ( that is way willn’t list in this infomation sheets , the factual documens and photos still needed, please comment-auth)

THE POSTAL HISTORY

During Indonesia Independence

Proclamation day

AUGUST,17th,1945

During Indonesian Independence day Dai Nippon still had power at Postal office ,given by the British allied Forces until they came to Indonesia,

To proved thi situation ,until this day Dr Iwan only have two postally history collections:’

 

 

 

Off cover Fai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps CDS Padang  20,8,15*Augusy,17th.1945)

Money Order Frament  DEI stamp CDS Malang 17.8.5(August,17tgh.1945)

At the time of the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia voiced, Sudirman was in Kroja

The Dutch article about Indonesian Independent in 2012

Source

http://www.sukarnoyears.com/421dutchleaders.htm

Indonesian independence (1945)


At the end of the Second World War, Sukarno’s Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) declares independence.

The Dutch government is initially unable to accept the loss of the colony. It launches military campaigns, which are condemned by the United Nations, supported by the US. Four years later, sovereignty is transferred to Indonesia.

The end of the Second World War brought a period of immediate decolonisation.

On 17 August 1945

Sukarno proclaimed the Republic of Indonesia. Sukarno was a civil engineer who had been active in politics from an early age. In 1927 he had set up a political party – the Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) –

to campaign for independence. Between 1929 and 1932 he was a political prisoner, and in 1933 he was again imprisoned by the Dutch authorities until finally liberated by the Japanese in 1942. During the occupation, he collaborated with the Japanese, who exploited nationalist feelings in the country for their own ends.

In the Netherlands

, there was a general expectation that the pre-war colonial status of Indonesia would be restored following the end of hostilities, despite the fact that Queen Wilhelmina had made a radio broadcast in 1942 promising to organise a post-war government conference to arrange Indonesian independence.

The Dutch underestimated the strength of Indonesian nationalist feeling and this was one of the factors which eventually prevented a gradual transition.

Another was the Dutch view that colonial rule should be restored before talks on independence could begin.

However, Britain (which had liberated Indonesia) was unwilling to cooperate in this aim unless the representatives of the Republic were consulted. This was tantamount to a recognition of the Republic of Indonesia.

In 1946, a conference was held in the Netherlands between representatives of the Republic and the Dutch government, but it proved impossible to reach agreement.

In the same year, the Dutch parliament approved the Linggadjati Agreement, which provided for the eventual establishment of a Dutch-Indonesian Union consisting of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the United States of Indonesia, headed by the Dutch Queen. Public opinion in the Netherlands and virtually all the political parties in the country were fiercely opposed to Indonesian self-rule

Informasi tentang Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia  dan sejarah perang kemerdekaan inndonesia akan dilengkapi dari buku Detik Dan Peristiwa 17 agustus 1945 -17 agustus 1950  terbitan Kementerian Penerangan Rep Indonesia januari 1950 sumbangan klise foto dari Kraton dan Nasional Djogjakarta .

Pada halaman depan tertulis

Kepada Mr Sanoesi dan roeslan Abdoelgani  Menteri dan sekretaris jendra kementerian Penerangan Republik Indonesia yang sejak tanggal  21 januari 1950 telah meletakan Jabatannya untuk memangku jabatan baru di republic Indonesia serikat

(,koleksi dr Iwan ditemukan di Solo pada kunnungan terakhir awal November 2012)

Information about Indonesia Independence war of independence and the history of the book will be equipped inndonesia Seconds And Events August 17, 1945 -17 August 1950 issue of the Ministry of Information Rep. Indonesia January 1950 photogravure donation from the National Palace and Djokjakarta.
On the front page of the written
To Mr. and Ruslan Sanoesi Abdoelgani Jendra Minister and secretary ministry of Information of the Republic of Indonesia on 21 January 1950 had put His post to assume the new Indonesian republic union
(, collection of Dr. Iwan found in Solo on last kunnungan early November 2012)

Informasi akan diberi catatan kaki  KEMPEN 1950

 

Information will be footnoted
Kempen 1950

Dalam buku KEMPEN 1950 tentang proklamasi Berisi teks proklamasi dan bilustrasi Gedung bersejarah di pegangsaan timur (rumah Bung Karno saat itu) dimana proklamasi dibacakan.

17 agustus 1945

Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia oleh Ir Sukarno dan drs Moh Hatta atas nama Bangsa Indonesia, disaksikan Panitia kemerdekaan Indonesia, yang terdiri dari wakil-wakil dari seluruh Kepualauan Indonesia.

In 1950 on the proclamation Kempen book contains the text of the proclamation and bilustrasi Pegangsaan historic building in the east (the Bung Karno time) where the proclamation was read.
August 17, 1945
Proclamation of Indonesian Independence by Ir Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta drs on behalf of the Indonesian nation, Indonesia’s independence witnessed Committee, consisting of representatives from all over Indonesia Kepualauan

August,18th.1945

Presiden dan Alat-alat Negara ditetapkan. Panitia persiapan kemerdekaan Indonesia mengambil Keputusuan.

  1. Mengesahkan Undang_Undang Dasar Negrara Republik Indonesia
  2. Ir Sukarno dipilih sebagai Presiden dan drs Moh Hatta sebagai Wakil Presiden
  3. Pekerjaan Presiden untuk sementara waktu dibantu oleh sebuah “Komite Nasional”.

Maklumak Pemerintah Kepada Rakyat Indonesia tentang Penyelengaraan Negraya republic Indonesia Merdeka, dan menganjurkan rakyat tinggal tentram, tenag dan siap sedia dan memegang tegus disiplin.(kempen 1950)

August 18 Piagam Jakarta (Jakarta Charter) mentioning Islam among the Pancasila principles is dropped from the preamble to the new constitution.

August 18 New Republic consists of 8 provinces: Sumatra, Borneo, West Java, Central Java, East Java, Sulawesi, Maluku, and Sunda Kecil.

 

 

August, 18th.1945


President and Country Tools set. Indonesia Independence preparation Committee take Keputusuan.
a.Mengesahkan Undang_Undang Basic Negrara Republic of Indonesia
b.Ir elected President Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta drs as Vice President
c.Pekerjaan President for the time being helped by a “National Committee”.
Maklumak Government of Indonesia to the People of Free Indonesia Organizing Negraya republic, and encourage people to stay peaceful, tenag and poised and held tightly disciplined. (Kempen 1950)

August 18th.1945

PPKI moves to form an interim government with Sukarno as President and Hatta as Vice-President.August 18Piagam Jakarta (Jakarta Charter) mentioning Islam among the Pancasila principles is dropped from the preamble to the new constitution.

New Republic consists of 8 provinces: Sumatra, Borneo, West Java, Central Java, East Java, Sulawesi, Maluku, and Sunda Kecil.August 22Japanese announce their surrender publicly in Jakarta.Japanese forces disarm and disband Peta and Heiho. Many members of these groups have not yet heard of independence.

 

. The rare dai nippon Postal card, used with add Dai Nippon Java stamp  send from CDS Djatinegara  18.8.45 to Magelang

Ini koleksi kartupos milter jepang yang digunakan dengan prangko pendudukan jepang di  jawa dikirim dari

Djatinegara

ke magelang stempelpos 18 agustus 1945

.ternyata satu hari setelah proklamasi kemerdekaan kantor pos jatinegara masih dikuasai Dai Nippon

On August 18, 1945.

Japan dissolve Map and stripped of their weapons, then they are sent home to their respective homelands.

 

 

Pada  tanggal 18 Agustus 1945. Jepang membubarkan Peta dan senjata mereka dilucuti, selanjutnya mereka disuruh pulang ke kampung halaman masing-masing

Pagi, 18 Agustus 1945, Kota Rotterdam dikejutkan oleh berita Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, di Radio Hilversum. Berita itu memberikan kekuatan sugestif bagi kesembuhannya

(sumitro)

. August 18th.1945

 

In addition, the leaders of Manchukuo from Pu Yi et al sensation new love of the Emperor of Manchukuo lost the backing of Japan has collapsed virtually abdicated on August 18 is also in order to 逃命 to Japan by Soviet troops had invaded the was taken into custody.

 

 

Selain itu, para pemimpin Manchukuo dari Pu Yi cinta et al sensasi baru dari Kaisar Manchukuo kehilangan dukungan dari Jepang telah runtuh hampir turun tahta pada 18 Agustus ini juga dalam rangka 逃命 ke Jepang oleh pasukan Soviet telah menyerbu ditahan .

 

Agustus,19th.1945

Ingkang Sinuwun Kanjeng Sultan Hamengku Buwono Senopati Ing Ngalaga Abdurrahman Sayidin Panatagama Kalifatullah ingkang kaping IX ing Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat,

pada kedudukannya dengan kepercayaan bahwa Sri Paduka Kanjeng Sultan akan mencurahkan segala pikiran,tenaga,jiwa dan raga untuk keselamatan daerah Yogyakarta sebagai bagian Republik Indonesia.

Jakarta 19 Agustus 1945
Jogja berdiri dibelakang Negara Indonesia,… bahkan ketika Belanda masuk lagi ke Indonesia… dan terpaksa Republik ini harus memindahkan Ibukotanya dari Jakarta ke Jogjakarta…. Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX tidak segan-segan membantu …!!! Segala gaji pemerintahan, penyiapan gedung untuk menjalankan roda pemerintahan… dikeluarkan dari ‘kocek pribadi’ Kanjeng Sultan …!!!

Peti-peti duit emas dan gulden… dikeluarkan oleh Kanjeng Sultan… dan Bung Hatta mengetahui sekitar 5 Juta Gulden telah dikeluarkan Kanjeng Sultan …. dan ia pernah menanyakan apakah perlu diganti… ???

Sampai akhir hayatnya…

Kanjeng Sultan HB IX…

tidak pernah menjawab… seolah mengerti betul akan “sepi ing pamrih rame ing gawe” …!!! Ntaaagh apa jadinya,… jika saat itu Kanjeng Sultan HB IX tidak fully support untuk Ibu Pertiwi ini …. ???

Ada kisah menarik tentang Kanjeng Sultan HB IX setelah pasca Indonesia merdeka… seorang wanita tua pedagang beras sudah biasa ‘nebeng’ jika ada kendaraan yang lewat …!!! Ketika asyik menunggu… kemudian ada Jeep Willys yang lewat… si wanita tua itu menyuruh sang supir… untuk menaikkan karung-karung berasnya… !!!

Setelah itu, wanita tua itu nebeng… dan sampai ditempat yang dituju… meminta lagi sang supir untuk menurunkan karung berasnya … !!!

Sang supir kembali menurunkan karung-karung beras permintaan wanita tua itu… !!! Kemudian setelah seluruh karung beras diturunkan… wanita tua itu memberikan duit Rp. 1,- namun supir itu menolak… dan langsung melanjutkan perjalanan …!!! Wanita tua itu

 

Sukarno addressed the youth of Jakarta on Ikada field (now part of Merdeka Square)

on 19 August 1945 to inform them on Indonesia’s proclamation of independence

Pada tanggal 19 Agustus 1945 anggota-anggota polisi di markas Tokubetsu Keisatsu Tai Semarang menurunkan bendera Hinomaru dan menggantinya dengan Sang Saka Merah Putih secara lancar dan tertib.

Panitia Kemerdekaan Menetapkan adanya  12 kementerian dan pembagian daerah Republik Indonesia dengan 8 Provinsi.(kempen 1950)

 

 

August,20th.1945

BKR (Badan Keamanan Rakyat “ dibentuk dengan kewajiban menjaga terjadinya Keamanan  dan Ketentraman Umum(kempen 1950)

After the announcement of the formation of BKR, Soedirman trying to gather them back and gather strength People’s Security Agency (BKR). Together with Mr. Resident Banyumas. Iskaq Tjokroadisurjo and several other figures, Soedirman a coup d’etat from the hands of Japan peacefully. Japanese Army Battalion Commander Major Yuda pretty much handed weapons. Therefore BKR Banyumas an entity that has a complete weapon

Setelah pengumuman pembentukan BKR, Soedirman berusaha mengumpulkan mereka kembali dan menghimpun kekuatan Badan Keamanan Rakyat (BKR). Bersama Residen Banyumas Mr. Iskaq Tjokroadisurjo dan beberapa tokoh lainnya, Soedirman melakukan perebutan kekuasaan dari tangan Jepang secara damai. Komandan Batalyon Tentara Jepang Mayor Yuda menyerahkan senjata cukup banyak. Karena itu BKR Banyumas merupakan kesatuan yang memiliki senjata terlengkap

The postally used Dai Nippon Shiokuio Haikyu Humiai private  card send from

CDS Semarang 20.8.05  to Bajoeran with dai Nippon Java stamp.Dai Nippon still had power at Semarang Post office

(during dai Nippon occupation,all Dai Nippon office must paid postal cost if send letter,except the military post and the postal office,different with Dutch and NRI free _Bebas Bea _Free Post)

 

The letter about Coconut Oil distribution.special for the “pegawai negeri”Civil employee. Price f 0,04 per liter from Syokoku Haikyu Kumia(dai Nippon basic need office like now BULOG- national logistic organization)

Note in the letter: attation! When You came please bring this Postcard

 

 

August ,20th.1945

CDS Solok 2o-.8.18(18 august 1945) added Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps 4 cent,the rateup from 31;2 cen to 7 ½ cent

with Dai Nippon Censor no1 ,the Dai Nippon Ybuin kyoku  office Bukittinggi

 

 

August,20th.1945

Fragment Dai Nippon Podtcrad 3 ½ cent send from Bukittinggi to ?(unread address)

with bukittinggi Dai Nippon  postal sencored no 1,

and added port had paid(ryokin kanno)  to upgrade the rate to 7 ½ cent

 

 

 

The rare money order fragment

send to Serang Banten Java

CDS SERANG  hand written date 20.8.05 ,and  the date on the  money order 05, this the history fact that Srang Post Office under republic Indonesia power because they didn’ot used dai Nippon character postal cancel

August,21th.1945

Beberapa hari setelah peristiwa pengibaran bendera  di semarang tanggal 19 agustus 1945 , para anggota markas kepolisian Surabaya mengadakan pertemuan yang dipimpin oleh IP.1 M. Jassin dan PIK.1 Soetardjo yang menghasilkan keputusan bahwa para anggota kepolisian bersedia untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUGUST,21th,1945

Lintasan Kelahiran POLRI di Sumatera Barat

Birth trajectory Police in West Sumatra

Police were three friends who like to survive in the city of Padang facing the Allies / Dutch struggle for independence period of 1945-1946. Police Commissioner Johny Anwar, Inspector Pol. Amir Mahmud, Pemb. Inspector Pol. Boer Tamar (Photo: Collection / documentation Adrin Kahar)

August 17, 1945, from Jakarta Indonesia echoed the Declaration of Independence by Soekarno-Hatta on behalf of the people of Indonesia. People in West Sumatra is officially not yet able to receive clear information about independent, even though that time Indonesia has the atmosphere of “Dawn of Independence” as it has announced the establishment Investigation Agency Efforts Preparation of Independence (Dokuritsu Zyumbi Chosa Kai) in Jakarta (May 28, 1945 ). The atmosphere at that time still showed the Japanese military government rule, the prisoners of war are released. Units Gyu-gun and Heiho (paramilitary troops and the People’s Voluntary Army Japan) consisting of the sons of Indonesia has been disbanded and the weapons collected by the Japanese. The offices of civil administration and police continue running as usual but the leadership held by the Japanese have been uncertain.

In the town of Padang and surrounding areas in those days there were several police units, such as: West Sumatra Police Residency (Nishi Kaiganshu Keimubu), City Police Padang (Padang Si Keisatususho), Outer City Police Padang (Padang Si-gai Keisat susho) and Forces A Special Police (Tokubetsu Keisat sutai). Padang City Police Office is located in the center of town (now: Police face portion of Padang, Jl. Moh. Yamin). Padang Outer City Police Office on Jl. Teak (now: Police Police Hospital complex Sumatra) and Tokubetsu-tai-based complex in Belantung Catholic Seminary (now: Jos Soedarso complex, Jl. Sudirman).

All police units are under the leadership of the Japanese people, except the Outer City Police Padang Indonesia have led people (Keishi Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue).

 

On August 21, 1945,

four police officers at the rank of Keishi (Police Commissioner) in West Sumatra, called by Keimubucho (Chief Constable of West Sumatra) and was told that the Greater East Asia War was stopped. Prompted by the Japanese police chief so that all the police weapons were collected. Demand-cho Keimubu it can not be accepted by police officers, instead they demand that the Japanese side immediately hand over the leadership offices to the Indonesian Police. Four Indonesian police officers are: Raden Soelaiman, Ahmadin Dt. Berbangso, Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue and Soelaiman Effendi.                                                                                                                                                    on 21 August 1945

It may be noted, that before the flag-raising event in the middle of the city of Padang, has been first hoisted at the headquarters of the Red White BPPI (Balai Pemuda Indonesia Illumination) jl. Mudik market on 21 August 1945

The certificate of the children iisued by dai Nippon Surakarta kooti jimmu kyoku(bagian pencatatan Jiwa)

 

August 22 Japanese announce their surrender publicly in Jakarta.

Japanese forces disarm and disband Peta and Heiho. Many members of these groups have not yet heard of independence.

August,22th.1945

National Committee Formed
A popular movement was founded to serve his revolution, called PNI (Indonesian National Party) –
(Kempen 1950
)

originalinfo

Komite Nasional Dibentuk

Suatu gerakan rakyat didirikan untuk dijadikan motornya revolusi,dinamakan P.N.I (Partai Nasional Indonesia) –

(Kempen 1950)

August,23th.1945

The People’s Safety Agency (BKR), which was formed on August 23, 1945 set up his headquarters in Jalan Cilacap No. 5 for the residency of Jakarta, four days after its formation. Moefreini Moe’min, a former battalion syodancho of Jakarta I was appointed as chairman. A number of officers engaged in it is Singgih, Daan Yahya Kemal Idris, Daan Mogot, Islam Salim, Jopie Bolang, Oetardjo, Sadikin (Cikampek Regiment), Darsono (Cikampek Regiment), and others.

Badan Keselamatan Rakyat (BKR), yang dibentuk pada 23 Agustus 1945 mendirikan markasnya di Jalan Cilacap No 5 untuk Karesidenan Jakarta, empat hari setelah pembentukannya. Moefreini Moe’min, sebuah batalion syodancho mantan Jakarta saya ditunjuk sebagai ketua. Sejumlah petugas yang terlibat di dalamnya adalah Singgih, Daan Yahya Kemal Idris, Daan Mogot, Islam Salim, Jopie Bolang, Oetardjo, Sadikin (Resimen Cikampek), Darsono (Resimen Cikampek), dan lain-lain.

Tjideng Camp Gate, 1945

This picture appears on the front cover of the book, Tjideng Reunion. It shows the Tjideng camp gate shortly

after the war was declared over ( August 23, 1945)

when the first curious visitors from Batavia came to see what lay behind the mysterious Bamboo wall from where so many dead emerged.

The author and his mother may well be among the crowd of curious internees looking out onto the much changed outside world.

Source

http://www.boudewynvanoort.com/tag/indonesia/

August,23th.1945

Sertifikat miskin dan tidak bekerja diterbitkan

Kantor Kelurahan Grogol pemerintah Dai Nippon(Grogol suntyo)

The rare  Dai Nippon Grogolsuntyo (lurah grogol Jakarta era dai nippon ) ‘s Poor certificate and did not had worked(workless)

 

August 23 .1945 .

BKR (Badan Keamanan Rakyat), first Indonesian military force, begins organizing from former Peta and Heiho members.

Dutch forces land at Sabang in Aceh.

On August 24, 1945,


between the UK government and the Kingdom of the Netherlands reached an agreement known as the Civil Affairs Agreement.

Under the agreement stated that the commander of the British occupation forces in Indonesia will hold the power on behalf of the Dutch government.

 

 

Pada tanggal 24 Agustus 1945,

 

antara pemerintah Kerajaan Inggris dan Kerajaan Belanda tercapai suatu persetujuan yang terkenal dengan nama civil Affairs Agreement.

 

Dalam persetujuan ini disebutkan bahwa panglima tentara pendudukan Inggris di Indonesia akan memegang kekuasaan atas nama pemerintah Belanda.

 

 

In carrying out matters pertaining to civil government, its implementation was organized by NICA is under the command of English.

The authority later in life will be returned to the Netherlands.

Britain and the Netherlands to build a plan to enter various strategic cities in the newly independent Indonesia.

One of the UK cities that will be visited by “smuggling” Dutch NICA is Medan.

 

Dalam melaksanakan hal-hal yang berkenaan dengan pemerintah sipil, pelaksanaannya diselenggarakan oleh NICA dibawah tanggungjawab komando Inggris.

 

Kekuasaan itu kelak di kemudian hari akan dikembalikan kepada Belanda.

 

Inggris dan Belanda membangun rencana untuk memasuki berbagai kota strategis di Indonesia yang baru saja merdeka.

 

Salah satu kota yang akan didatangi Inggris dengan “menyelundupkan” NICA Belanda adalah Medan.

 

On August 24, 1945,


between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands reached an agreement known as the Civil Affairs Agreement.

Under the agreement stated that the captain of the British occupation of Indonesia shall hold the power on behalf of the Dutch government.

In carrying out the things pertaining to the civilian government, organized by the NICA implementation under British command responsibility.Power later in life will be returned to the Netherlands.Britain and the Netherlands to build a plan to enter various strategic town in the newly independent Indonesia.One of the cities that will be visited Britain with “smuggling” is a Medan Dutch NICA

August,24th.1945

on August 21, four Keishi (the police commissioner at the Residency) in Padang, namely Datuk Ahmadin Berbangso, Datuk Kaharudin Rangkayo Bases, R. Suleiman, and Suleiman Effendi after hearing the proclamation has been echoed immediately ordered his men to take up arms in order not to be abused by the Japanese.
Meanwhile, police in the capital Jakarta in the later states joined officially to the republic

original info

pada tanggal 21 Agustus empat keishi (komisaris polisi di tingkat Karesidenan) di Padang, yaitu Ahmadin Datuk Berbangso, Kaharudin Datuk Rangkayo Basa, R. Suleiman, dan Sulaiman Effendi setelah mendengar kabar proklamasi telah dikumandangkan langsung memerintahkan anak buahnya untuk mengambil senjata agar tidak disalahgunakan oleh pihak Jepang.

Sedangkan Polisi di ibukota Jakarta lebih belakangan dalam menyatakan bergabung secara resmi kepada republic

The Dai Nippon revenue 15 cent  at Grabag on complete received Money (kwitansi)document for paying Tobacco 933 kg f 1866

 

 

 

August,27th.1945

Only weapons with bamboo spears capitalize the people of Indonesia in Jakarta ready to sacrifice lives to defend the newly proclaimed independence of Bung Karno and Bung Hatta.

In the picture looks troops BKR (Rows of People’s Security) with bamboo spears on the shoulders of the middle line which is specifically formed on August 27, 1945 in order to face the troops NICA (Netherlands) who came to colonize Indonesia hitchhike back to the Allies (Britain).

Original info

Senjata hanya dengan bambu runcing memanfaatkan rakyat Indonesia di Jakarta siap mengorbankan nyawa untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan yang baru diproklamirkan Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta.

 


Dalam gambar tampak pasukan BKR (Barisan Keamanan Rakyat) dengan bambu runcing di pundak garis tengah yang secara khusus dibentuk pada tanggal 27 Agustus 1945 di untuk menghadapi pasukan NICA (Netherlands) yang datang untuk menjajah Indonesia membonceng kembali ke sekutu (Inggris).

 

on 23-8-1945

The NRI flag –rising in the Outer City Police Station Jalan Jati Padang on 23-8-1945

 

 

 

August ,23th.1945

 

Sukarno delivers first radio address to the nation.August 23BKR (Badan Keamanan Rakyat), first Indonesian military force, begins organizing from former Peta and Heiho members. Some former Peta batallions join as entire units, having been told to disband only a few days before.Dutch forces land at Sabang in Aceh.

Original info

pada 23-8-1945


Bendera NRI dinaikan  di kantor Polisi Padang luar kota Kota Polisi  Jalan Jati Padang pada 23-8-1945(sekarang ruamh sakit bhayangkara Polda Sumbar Padang)

 

Agustus, 23th.1945

Sukarno gave the first radio address to the 23 BKR nation.August (People’s Security Agency), the first Indonesian military forces, ranging from former Peta and set Heiho members. Several battalions of soldiers joined former map as a whole unit, have been told to disperse only a few days before.Dutch ground troops in Sabang in Aceh.

Originalinfo
Sukarno memberikan pidato radio pertama ke 23
BKR nation.August (Badan Keamanan Rakyat), pertama kekuatan militer Indonesia, mulai dari mengatur Tentara Peta mantan dan anggota Heiho. Beberapa batalyon Tentara Peta mantan bergabung sebagai unit keseluruhan, telah diberitahu untuk membubarkan hanya beberapa hari before.Dutch tanah pasukan di Sabang di Aceh.

 

But on August 23, 1945
changes the Internment 4th & 9th Battalion Tjimahi in a refugee camp. Japan surrendered on August 15, told the internees. From one day to the Japanese guards no longer, but Allied troops, the RAPWI, and Red Cross people.
They have food and clothing for themselves, and messages about loved ones elsewhere in the world. The drawing in a kind of ink or watercolor, is undated, describes the meager food supply of the camp.
But everything breathes the atmosphere of ‘shortly thereafter’: Hotel Tjimahi as it no longer has since 23 August 1945.

Tapi pada 23 Agustus 1945
perubahan Internment 4th & 9 Batalyon Tjimahi di sebuah kamp pengungsi. Jepang menyerah pada 15 Agustus, mengatakan kepada interniran. Dari satu hari ke penjaga Jepang tidak lagi, tetapi pasukan Sekutu, RAPWI, dan orang-orang Palang Merah.
Mereka memiliki makanan dan pakaian untuk diri mereka sendiri, dan pesan tentang orang yang dicintai di tempat lain di dunia. Gambar dalam semacam tinta atau cat air, yang bertanggal, menggambarkan suplai makanan sedikit dari kamp.
Tapi semuanya bernafas suasana ‘lama kemudian’: Tjimahi Hotel karena tidak lagi memiliki sejak 23 Agustus 1945.

Original info
Maar op 23 augustus 1945

verandert het Interneringskamp 4de & 9de Bataljon Tjimahi in een opvangkamp. Japan is op 15 augustus gecapituleerd, horen de geïnterneerden. Van de ene dag op de andere geen Japanse bewakers meer, maar Geallieerde militairen, de RAPWI, en Rode Kruis mensen.

Ze hebben voedsel bij zich en kleding, en berichten over dierbaren elders in de wereldoorlog. De tekening in een soort inkt of waterverf, is ongedateerd, beschrijft de karige voedselvoorziening van het kamp.

Maar alles ademt de sfeer uit van ‘vlak daarna’: Hotel Tjimahi zoals het niet meer is sinds 23e augustus 1945.

 

Or P. Meulenbroek have been back in Hotel Tjimahi mentions are not history. But he remains for some time in Bandung.
The RAPWI gave him in December 1945


permission to travel “given his role in the Borromeo hospital in Bandung”.
There he is right after the Japanese capitulation appointed as Head of the Kitchen. He is also the chef of Bandung Society and militia-cook-corporal in the Royal Navy, quite a lot of work for someone who three years camp behind him. (P.Molenbroek)

 

Atau P. Meulenbroek telah kembali di Hotel Tjimahi menyebutkan tidak sejarah. Tapi dia tetap untuk beberapa waktu di Bandung.

 

 

RAPWI memberinya pada bulan Desember 1945

 

permission to travel “given his role in the Borromeo hospital in Bandung”.
There he was right after the Japanese capitulation was appointed as head of the kitchen. She also cooks Bandung Society and militia-cook corporal in the Royal Navy, quite a lot of work for someone who is three years in the camp behind him. (P.Molen


izin untuk bepergian “diberikan perannya di rumah sakit Borromeo di Bandung”.
Ada dia benar setelah kapitulasi Jepang ditunjuk sebagai Kepala dapur. Dia juga koki
Masyarakat Bandung  dan kopral milisimasak di Royal Navy, cukup banyak pekerjaan untuk seseorang yang tiga tahun dalam kamp di belakangnya. (P.Molenbroek)

 

 

Original info


Of P. Meulenbroek nog terug geweest is in Hotel Tjimahi, vermeldt zijn geschiedenis niet. Wel blijft hij nog een tijd in Bandoeng.

De RAPWI verleent hem in december 1945

toestemming te reizen “gezien zijn functie in het Borromeus hospitaal in Bandoeng”.

Daar is hij direct na de Japanse capitulatie aangesteld als Hoofd van de Keuken. Hij is ook chefkok van de Bandoengse Sociëteit en militie-korporaal-kok bij de Koninklijke Marine, nogal veel werk voor iemand die drie jaar kamp achter de rug heeft. (P.Molenbroek)

 

 

August,27th.1945

 

Sementara di tempat lain pada tanggal 27 Agustus 1945

 

rakyat Medan baru mendengar berita proklamasi yang dibawa oleh Mr. Teuku Moh Hassan sebagai Gubernur Sumatera.

 

Mengggapi berita proklamasi para pemuda dibawah pimpinan Achmad Tahir membentuk barisan Pemuda Indonesia.

 

Meanwhile, elsewhere on the August 27, 1945

 

people heard the proclamation of a new field brought by Mr. Teuku Mohammad Hassan as Governor of Sumatra. Mengggapi news of the proclamation of the youth under the leadership of Ahmad was born into line Indonesian Youth.

 

Other version

 

Medan Map in 1945

 

Independence News just got in Medan on August 27, 1945.

This is due to the difficulty of communication and the censorship of the Japanese army.

The news brought by Mr. Teuku M. Hassan who was appointed Governor of Sumatra.

He was commissioned by the government to uphold the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia in Sumatra Indonesia by establishing a National Committee in the region.

 

Original info

 

Berita Proklamasi Kemerdekaan baru sampai di Medan pada tanggal 27 Agustus 1945.

 

Hal ini disebabkan sulitnya komunikasi dan adanya sensor dari tentara Jepang.

 

Berita tersebut dibawa oleh Mr. Teuku M. Hassan yang diangkat menjadi Gubernur Sumatra.

 

Ia ditugaskan oleh pemerintah untuk menegakkan kedaulatan Republik Indonesia di Sumatera dengan membentuk Komite Nasional Indonesia di wilayah itu.

 

 

 

On August 28, 1945 night,

held more talks between the Indonesian side (Ahmadin, Kaharuddin and Soelaiman Effendi) with the Japanese (Keimubu / Police and Honbu / Government) in the way of the Rose (the former British Consulate building, next to the hotel Estuary now).

 

The conclusion that can be pointed out Japan that the Japanese would not surrender to government offices and the police to Indonesia without any provision granted by the Supreme Allied leaders in Singapore.

Before the meeting ended the Indonesian side also gave a statement: “Tomorrow we will fly the flag red and white, do not deter the Japanese side.”

 

Towards 22 o’clock hour,

three police officers were leaving the place of negotiation and the way Rose was escorted by Kenpeitai (Japanese Military Police).

Arriving at the intersection of five end Kampong Java, appear motherly (Police Inspector) Bachtaruddin of Tokubetsutai with some young leaders in Padang has been waiting to find out the results of negotiations with the Japanese.

 

On that night

Bachtaruddin given the task with the help of the youth mobilize the masses to be present to enliven the red and white flag raising will be done in the Office of Police on the morning of August 29, 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top of Form

Pada 28 Agustus 1945 malam,


mengadakan pembicaraan lebih lanjut antara pihak Indonesia (Ahmadin, Kaharuddin dan Soelaiman Effendi) dengan Jepang (Keimubu / Polisi dan Honbu / Pemerintahan) di jalan Mawar (gedung Konsulat mantan Inggris, sebelah Muara hotel sekarang).

Kesimpulan yang dapat menunjukkan Jepang bahwa Jepang tidak akan menyerah kepada kantor-kantor pemerintah dan polisi ke Indonesia tanpa ketentuan yang diberikan oleh para pemimpin Sekutu Agung di Singapura.
Sebelum pertemuan berakhir pihak Indonesia juga memberikan sebuah pernyataan: “Besok kita akan mengibarkan bendera merah putih, tidak menghalangi pihak Jepang.”

Menjelang jam 22 siang,
tiga perwira polisi meninggalkan tempat negosiasi dan cara Rose dikawal oleh Kenpeitai (Polisi Militer Jepang).
Sesampainya di persimpangan lima ujung Kampong Jawa, muncul keibuan (Inspektur Polisi) Bachtaruddin dari Tokubetsutai dengan beberapa pemimpin muda di Padang telah menunggu untuk mengetahui hasil negosiasi dengan Jepang.

 

Pada malam itu
Bachtaruddin diberi tugas dengan bantuan pemuda memobilisasi massa untuk hadir meramaikan pengibaran bendera merah putih akan dilakukan di Kantor Polisi pada pagi hari 29 Agustus 1945.

 

 

On August 28

 

Thereafter, the advance troops of the U.S. Army arrived at the airfield Atsugi as the first of occupation forces in Japan by the Allied Powers, on August 30 after the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (GHQ / SCAP also arrived at the same base of the United States Army General Douglas MacArthur will be hitting the commander of the occupation of Japan by the Allies as commander of the total), also arrived, such as military occupation forces in Japan and Australia followed the British Army.

 


Pada 28 Agustus

 

Setelah itu, pasukan muka dari Angkatan Darat AS tiba di lapangan terbang Atsugi sebagai yang pertama dari pasukan pendudukan di Jepang oleh Sekutu, pada tanggal 30 Agustus setelah Markas Umum Panglima Tertinggi untuk Sekutu (GHQ / SCAP juga tiba di dasar yang sama dari angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat Jenderal Douglas MacArthur akan memukul komandan pendudukan Jepang oleh Sekutu sebagai komandan dari total), juga tiba, seperti pasukan pendudukan militer di Jepang dan Australia mengikuti angkatan Darat Inggris.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August, 25th 1945

 

The night of 29-8-1945,

starting at 19:00 there was a meeting of senior police officers held at the Office of Police Padang Besar.  Tonight it was agreed that national police structure and personnel of West Sumatra as follows:
1. Raden Soelaiman, as Chief Constable of West Sumatra, Padang and concurrently Chief of Police
2. Ahmadin Dt. Berbangso, as Deputy Chief Constable of West Sumatra;
3. Soelaiman Effendi, as the Head of Administration and concurrently Head of Strategy / Politics at the Office of Police of West Sumatra;
4. Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongues, as the inter-Area Police Officer Consolidation in West Sumatra.

 


To increase the cadre of middle-power in West Sumatra Police, recruited several youths graduate high school.
Police armed cadres of the first of Padang, which are:

Johny Anwar,

Amir Mahmud,

Syamsul Bahri, Syawaluddin, Moh. Anhar.

 

Original info:

Lintasan Kelahiran POLRI di Sumatera Barat

Listen

Read phonetically

 

Dictionary

 

Tiga sekawan POLRI

yang betah bertahan dalam kota Padang menghadapi tentara Sekutu/Belanda, perjuangan kemerdekaan periode 1945-1946. Komisaris Polisi Johny Anwar, Inspektur Pol. Amir Mahmud, Pemb. Inspektur Pol. Boer Tamar                                     (Foto: Koleksi/dokumentasi Adrin Kahar)

17 Agustus 1945, dari Jakarta dikumandangkan Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia oleh Soekarno-Hatta atas nama rakyat Indonesia. Rakyat di Sumatera Barat secara resmi belum dapat menerima informasi yang jelas tentang merdeka, sungguhpun masa itu Indonesia telah dalam suasana “Fajar Kemerdekaan” seperti yang telah diumumkan berdirinya Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan (Dokuritsu Zyumbi Chosa Kai) di Jakarta (28 Mei 1945).

Suasana pada waktu itu memperlihatkan masih berkuasanya pemerintahan militer Jepang, para tawanan perangnya sudah dilepaskan. Kesatuan-kesatuan Gyu-gun dan Heiho (Lasykar Rakyat dan Tentara Sukarela Jepang) yang terdiri dari putera-putera Indonesia telah dibubarkan dan senjata-senjata dihimpun oleh pihak Jepang. Kantor-kantor pemerintahan sipil dan polisi tetap berjalan sebagaimana biasa tapi unsur pimpinan yang dipegang oleh Jepang sudah tidak menentu.

Dalam kota Padang dan sekitarnya pada masa itu terdapat beberapa unit kepolisian, seperti: Kepolisian Keresidenan Sumatera Barat (Nishi Kaiganshu Keimubu), Kantor Polisi Kota Padang (Padang Si Keisatususho), Kantor Polisi Padang Luar Kota (Padang Si-gai Keisat susho) dan Pasukan Istimewa Polisi (Tokubetsu Keisat sutai).

Kantor Polisi Kota Padang berlokasi di pusat kota (sekarang: bahagian muka Polres Padang, Jl. Moh. Yamin). Kantor Polisi Padang Luar Kota di Jl. Jati (sekarang: kompleks Rumah Sakit POLRI Polda Sumbar) dan Tokubetsu-tai bermarkas di kompleks Seminari Katolik di Belantung (sekarang: kompleks Yos Soedarso, Jl. Sudirman).

Semua unit-unit kepolisian tersebut dibawah pimpinan orang-orang Jepang, kecuali Polisi Padang Luar Kota mempunyai pimpinan orang Indonesia (Keishi Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa).

Pada tanggal 21 Agustus 1945,

empat orang perwira polisi yang berpangkat Keishi (Komisaris Polisi) di Sumatera Barat dipanggil oleh Keimubucho (Kepala Polisi Sumatera Barat) dan diberi tahu bahwa Perang Asia Timur Raya telah berhenti. Diminta oleh Kepala Polisi Jepang itu supaya semua senjata-senjata polisi dikumpulkan. Permintaan Keimubu-cho itu tidak dapat diterima oleh perwira-perwira polisi tersebut, malah mereka menuntut supaya pihak Jepang segera menyerahkan pimpinan kantor-kantor Polisi kepada orang Indonesia. Empat perwira polisi Indonesia itu adalah: Raden Soelaiman, Ahmadin Dt. Berbangso, Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa dan Soelaiman Effendi.

Pada tanggal 28 Agustus 1945 malam,

diadakan lagi perundingan antara pihak Indonesia (Ahmadin, Kaharuddin dan Soelaiman Effendi) dengan pihak Jepang (Keimubu/Kepolisian dan Honbu/Pemerintahan) di jalan Mawar (gedung bekas Konsulat Inggris, di sebelah hotel Muara sekarang). Kesimpulan yang dapat dikemukakan Jepang, bahwa pihak Jepang tidak akan menyerahkan kantor-kantor pemerintahan dan kepolisian kepada pihak Indonesia tanpa ada ketentuan yang diberikan oleh Pimpinan Tertinggi Tentara Sekutu di Singapura. Sebelum pertemuan diakhiri pihak Indonesia memberikan pernyataan pula: “Besok kami akan mengibarkan bendera merah putih, janganlah pihak Jepang menghalanginya”. Menjelang jam 22.00, tiga orang perwira polisi tersebut meninggalkan tempat berunding dan jalan Mawar dikawal oleh Kenpeitai (Polisi Tentara Jepang). Sesampai di persimpangan lima ujung Kampung Jawa, kelihatan Keibu (Inspektur Polisi) Bachtaruddin dari Tokubetsutai bersama beberapa orang pimpinan pemuda di Padang telah menunggu untuk mengetahui hasil perundingan dengan pihak Jepang.

 

Pada malam itu juga Bachtaruddin mendapat tugas dengan bantuan para pemuda-pemuda menge-rahkan massa rakyat untuk hadir meramaikan pengibaran bendera merah putih yang akan dilakukan di Kantor Besar Polisi pada esok pagi 29 Agustus 1945.

Kira-kira jam 07.00 pagi tanggal 29 Agustus 1945 di sepanjang jalan sebelah Utara lapangan Nanpo Hodo (sekarang: lapangan Imam Bonjol), dari samping kantor Pos, di muka kantor Polisi dan di muka kantor Syuchokan (sekarang: Balai Kota Padang) terlihat anggota masyarakat ramai, tua muda, pemuda-pemuda termasuk pelajar-pelajar berkelompok kelompok berkumpul ingin menyaksikan upacara pengibaran/penaikan bendera Merah Putih pada gedung-gedung pemerintah.

Dalam pada itu serdadu-serdadu Jepang bersenjata lengkap meng-adakan penjagaan-penjagaan di keliling keramaian rakyat, namun tidak ada terjadi insiden-insiden. Penggerekan bendera Merah Putih di muka Kantor Polisi Padang dilakukan oleh anggota Polisi sendiri, sedangkan penaikan bendera Merah Putih di gedung Syuchokan dilaksanakan oleh pemuda-pemuda dan yang di kantor Pos Padang bendera Merah Putih dinaikkan oleh pemuda PTT yang sebenarnya adalah juga pegawai pos, telegraf dan telepon di kota Padang. Dapat dicatat, bahwa sebelum terjadi peristiwa penaikan bendera Merah Putih di tengah kota Padang ini, telah lebih dahulu berkibar Merah Putih di markas BPPI (Balai Penerangan Pemuda Indonesia) jl. Pasar Mudik pada tanggal 21 Agustus 1945 dan di Kantor Polisi Padang Luar Kota Jalan Jati pada tanggal 23-8-1945.

Seselesainya upacara pengibaran bendera Merah Putih di muka Kantor Polisi Kota Padang, pada pagi 29-8-1945 itu juga peristiwa penting ini diberitakan dengan telepon kepada semua kantor Polisi Wilayah se Sumatera Barat, dijelaskan pula bahwa pimpinan kepolisian sudah berada di tangan orang Indonesia. Diinstruksikan kepada pejabat-pejabat polisi bangsa Indonesia yang tertinggi pangkatnya pada kantor Polisi Wilayah supaya mengambil alih pimpinan.

Malam tanggal 29-8-1945, dimulai jam 19.00 diadakan rapat para perwira senior polisi bertempat di Kantor Besar Polisi Kota Padang. Malam itu disepakati susunan dan personalia Polisi RI Sumatera Barat sebagai berikut:

  1. Raden Soelaiman, sebagai Kepala Polisi Sumatera Barat, merangkap Kepala Polisi Kota Padang
  2. Ahmadin Dt. Berbangso, sebagai Wakil Kepala Polisi Sumatera Barat;
  3. Soelaiman Effendi, sebagai Kepala Administrasi merangkap Kepala Siasat/Politik pada Kantor Besar Polisi Sumatera Barat;
  4. Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa, sebagai Petugas Konsolidasi Kepolisian antar Wilayah di Sumatera Barat.

Untuk menambah tenaga kader menengah POLRI di Sumatera Barat, direkrut beberapa pemuda-pemuda tamatan sekolah menengah. Kader-kader POLRI angkatan pertama dari Padang ini, diantaranya adalah: Johny Anwar, Amir Mahmud, Syamsul Bahri, Syawaluddin, Moh. Anhar.

Dr iwan ever met KOMBES POL Johnny Anwar in 1963 during the winner of west sumatra lawn tennis Police open tournament at Padang,his daughter Windy anwar Dr iwan high school classmate at Don Bosco High School Padang.

August 29

The New Republic: The constitution that had been drafted by the PPKI preparatory committee, and announced on the 18th, is adopted (UUD 45). Sukarno is declared President, Hatta is declared Vice-President. PPKI (originally BPUPKI, founded under the Japanese occupation the previous March) is remade into KNIP (Central Indonesian National Committee). KNIP is the temporary governing body until elections can be held. The new government is installed on August 31.

The Patih (chief advisor) of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya dies, no successor chosen, Sultan takes charge of his own affairs, begins to institute reforms in Yogya

Tan Malaka reappears in Jakarta

August 29th.1945

The New Republic:The constitution that had been drafted by the PPKI preparatory committee, and announced on the 18th, is adopted (UUD 45). Sukarno is declared President, Hatta is declared Vice-President. PPKI (originally BPUPKI, founded under the Japanese occupation the previous March) is remade into KNIP (Central Indonesian National Committee). KNIP is the temporary governing body until elections can be held

Proklamasi: Sukarno at the microphone on August 17, 1945.The original constitution of 1945 is not very specific on many issues, and placed much power in the hands of the President.

In 1950 a more comprehensive constitution was adopted that gave the most power to the Assembly, but this constitution was dropped in favor of a return to the 1945 constitution under Sukarno’s orders in 1959.

In the opinion of the victorious Allied powers in 1945, Lord Mountbatten, the Allied supreme commander in southeast Asia, was in charge of Sumatra and Java. Australian forces were given responsibility for Kalimantan and

Agustus 29th.1945

The new Constitution of the Republic which has been prepared by the committee PPKI preparation, and announced on June 18, was adopted (Constitution 45). Declared President Sukarno, Hatta declared Vice-President. PPKI (originally BPUPKI, established under the Japanese occupation the previous March) is remade into KNIP (Central Indonesian National Committee). KNIP is a temporary body until elections can be held

 

 

 

Alpha

original info :


Konstitusi
 Republik yang baru yang telah disusun oleh panitia PPKI persiapan, dan mengumumkan pada tanggal 18, diadopsi (UUD 45). Sukarno dinyatakan Presiden, Hatta dinyatakan Wakil Presiden. PPKI (awalnya BPUPKI, didirikan di bawah pendudukan Jepang bulan Maret sebelumnya) adalah remade menjadi KNIP (Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat). KNIP adalah badan sementara sampai pemilihan umum dapat diselenggarakan

.
The original constitution of 1945 is not very specific on many issues, and puts a lot of power in the hands of the President.

In the opinion of the victorious Allied powers in 1945, Lord Mountbatten, supreme Allied commander in Southeast Asia, is responsible for Sumatra and Java. Australian forces were given responsibility for the area east of Borneo and other Indonesian

Konstitusi asli 1945 adalah sangat tidak  spesifik pada banyak isu, dan menempatkan banyak kekuasaan di tangan Presiden.

 

original info

Menurut pendapat kekuatan Sekutu yang menang pada tahun 1945, Lord Mountbatten, Sekutu panglima tertinggi di Asia Tenggara, bertanggung jawab atas Sumatera dan Jawa. Pasukan Australia diberi tanggung jawab untuk Kalimantan dan area timur lainnya Indonesia

August,29th.1945

Theused Dai Nippon Postal  Choped Ryokin kanno(porto have paid) to increase the rate of postal stationer 31/2 cen to 7 cent. Sedn from CDS katakana dai Nippon Pa-Da-n(Padang) 20.8.29 or august,29th.45,

and the Dai Nippon official  Tiho hoin stamped change with English character  Account Office and dai Nippon character inside the chopped overprint by violet ink(the office were changed

Pengunaaan   stempel Pos Dai Nippon Ryokin Kanno (porto telah dibayar) untuk meningkatkan tingkat  biaya pos stasioner 31/2 menjadi sampai 7 persen cen.  dari CDS  ejanaan katakana Dai Nippon Pa-Da-n (Padang) 20.8.29 atau Agustus,, 29th.45 dan  stempel resmi kantor Dai Nippon Tiho Hoin  dirubah dengan bahasa Inggris  account office dan  huruf dai Nippon  dalam  lingkaran dalam stempel    ditutup  dengan tinta ungu (nama kantor diubah)

Provenance Dr Iwan 1985 found at Padang Panjang

At about 7:00 am on August 29, 1945

along the north field Nanpo Hodo (now: Imam Bonjol field), from the side post office, front office and front office Police Syuchokan (now: Padang City Hall) visible members of the public lively, young and old, youth groups, including groups of students gathered to watch the ceremony raising / raising the flag on government buildings.
In the meantime the Japanese soldiers armed to the teeth to hold a guard-guard at the crowd around people, but no incidents occurred.

Raids flag in front of Padang Police

conducted by members of the police themselves, while raising the flag on the building Syuchokan carried out by young men and a post office in Padang flag was raised by a young man who is actually also PTT postal workers, telegraph and telephone in the city of Padang.(the leader of PTT was Mr Mas Soedibjo)
After the  flag-raising ceremony in front of Padang City Police Office, on the morning of 29-8-1945 was also an important event is reported by telephone to all Police Regional Office of West Sumatra se, explained also that the leadership of the police was already in the hands of Indonesia.

 

Instructed the officials of the Indonesian police of the highest rank in the office of District Police to take over the leadership.


Pada sekitar 7:00 pagi tanggal 29 Agustus 1945
sepanjang lapangan utara Nanpo Hodo (sekarang: Imam Bonjol lapangan), dari kantor pos side, front office dan front office Polisi Syuchokan (sekarang:
balaikota Padang )

 

anggota terlihat dari hidup masyarakat, muda dan tua, kelompok pemuda, termasuk kelompok mahasiswa berkumpul untuk menyaksikan upacara menaikkan / mengibarkan bendera pada gedung-gedung pemerintah.

 

Sementara itu tentara Jepang bersenjata lengkap untuk mengadakan penjaga-penjaga di sekitar kerumunan orang, tapi tidak ada insiden terjadi.

 

 

Razia bendera di depan kantor Polisi Padang


dilakukan oleh anggota polisi sendiri, sementara mengibarkan bendera pada Syuchokan bangunan yang dilakukan oleh orang-orang muda dan sebuah kantor pos di Padang bendera dibesarkan oleh seorang pria muda yang sebenarnya juga PTT pos pekerja, telegraf dan telepon di kota Padang . (pemimpin PTT adalah Mas Mr Soedibjo)


Setelah upacara pengibaran bendera di depan Kantor Polisi Kota Padang, pada pagi hari 29-8-1945 juga merupakan peristiwa penting yang dilaporkan melalui telepon kepada seluruh Kantor Polda Sumatera Barat se, menjelaskan juga bahwa pimpinan polisi sudah berada di tangan Indonesia.

Menginstruksikan pejabat polisi Indonesia dari peringkat tertinggi di kantor Polres untuk mengambil alih kepemimpinan.

August,30th.1945

Daerah lainnya pada pada tanggal 30 Agustus 1945, pernyataan bergabung Polisi Indonesia  dengan NRI  dihasilkan setelah para pegawai polisi tersebut menyatakan bahwa mereka adalah pegawai Republik Indonesia dan tunduk kepada pimpinan nasional

The off cover,block four DEI 5 cent stamps used CDS Tegal 30.8.05(1945) dai Nippon still had power at Tegal Post Office

 

 

 

 

 

pada tanggal 30 Agustus

 

setelah Markas Umum Panglima Tertinggi untuk Sekutu (GHQ / SCAP juga tiba di dasar yang sama dari Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat Jenderal Douglas MacArthur akan memukul komandan pendudukan Jepang oleh Sekutu sebagai komandan dari total), juga tiba, seperti pasukan pendudukan militer di Jepang dan Australia mengikuti Angkatan Darat Inggris

August,31th.1945

The new government installed in August 31.
The duke (advisor) of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya died.
His successor is selected, the Sultan took over responsibility for its own affairs, and began to institute reforms in Yogya
Tan Malaka reappears in Jakarta

Pemerintah baru dibentuk pada 31 Agustus.
The Patih (penasihat) dari Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX dari Yogya meninggal.
Penggantinya ada yang dipilih, Sultan mengambil alih tanggung jawab urusan sendiri, dan mulai lembaga reformasi di Yogya
Tan Malaka muncul kembali di Jakarta

BEFORE AND EARLIEST  ALLIED FORCES CAME IN SEPTEMBER 1945

Pada bulan September 1945 anggota- anggota teknik pesawat di Pangkalan Udara Andir Bandung mendapat berita, bahwa Lanud Cibeureum Tasikmalaya telah berhasil dikuasai oleh para pemuda dan rakyat Tasikmalaya.

Foto: Lanud Wiriadinata ,Cibeureum Tasikmalaya

 

Ini menjadi suatu kegembiraan dan kebanggan tersendiri bagi para insan dirgantara serta menimbulkan motivasi untuk segera memanfaatkan fasilitas yang ada. Berbekal kecintaan terhadap bendera negara yaitu merah-putih

(tasukmalaya web blog)

I hope after read this Informations they will bought the limited E-BOOK in CD-ROM

 

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