Author Archives: driwancybermuseum

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA 1946 (BERSAMBUNG)

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA

1946

 

 

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

BUKU YANG LENGKAP TERSEDIA BAGI YANG BERMINAT HUBUNGGI LIWAT KOMENTAR(COMMENT) DI WEB BLOG INI

sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

Driwancybermuseum Homeoffic 

Copyrught @ Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA 2013

Forbidden to copy without written permission by the author

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

HISTORY COLLECTIONS

Part Two 1946

Base On  Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

 

Private Limited E-book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Collectors

Copyright @ 2012

hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

 

1946

Information from Paradox interactive By Rare Han(2012)

In early 1946

the Cabinet relocated to Yogyakarta, further inland.


The few Dutch military units present in the region were hastily organized from former members of KNIL who had been Japanese POWs during the war. Once British shipped first battalions to Java they soon gained notorious reputation as triggerhappy, undiscplined forces that caused the already hard-pressed British Army further trouble by unnecessarily provoking the locals and acting unprofessionally.

Meanwhile the negotiations were not getting anywhere, as Sjahrir was evasive on most issues.

As the British troops extented their control over the region and the smaller Dutch colonial units were finally arriving to the area as well, the following incidents made the British strongly critizice the Dutch commander, General van Oyen. Attempts to make van Mook to relieve him and other old Guard-leaders led to nothing,

as the stressed Governor made it clear that his own position was already heavily criticized at London. Meanwhile van Oyen and his chief of staff Helfrich held the view that the nationalists had little real mass supported and that Dutch rule could be reimposed through military action.

The British were especially critical towards Helfrich, suggesting that his solution to most problems amounted to “shoot the lot.” Meanwhile more reasonable Dutch leaders such as Internal Affairs director van der Plas and General W Schilling all reported to London that they were loosing control of the situation and that a military solution was impossible.

As much as he had irritated them earlier, British now realized that the strained relations within Dutch leadership were seriously threatening the position of van Mook, whom the British considered to be the sole Dutch representative with enough prestige to broker a peaceful settlement to the dispute –

at least long enough for the British forces to withdraw. At a meeting on December 6th in Singapore Mountbatten stated that he would not allow Dutch troops to enter Java until their government would agree to negotiate with the Indonesian Republic.

This was (not coincidentally) van Mook’s primary goal, and he once again flew to London to further negotiate with the rest of the Dutch Government.

 There the mood was pessimistic, as the prospects of liberating Netherlands were fading fast as Britain and USA were already negotiating with German representatives in Zürich. Humiliated van Mook was castigated as a traitor and an oriental despot who had been conspiring to destroy everything the Kingdom had left by negotiating with the Indonesian fascist rebels without consulting the queen and government.

 But despite this incident van Mook still had solid position, and finally the government agreed a more liberal formula as the basis for future discussions with the nationalists. Bitterly the government was forced to accept that the existing civil affairs agreement gave overall control to Mountbatten and the British, and that without merchant fleet to transfer troops and economy to support them in Indies, they had no choise but to accept Indonesia´s right to secede from the Kingdom.

As WWII drew to an end, the Dutch government hastily replaced van Oyen, Helfrich and other members of their old guard that had caused so much trouble during the winter. By the beginning of 1946, the most pressing issue was Dutch insistence that their remaining troops in Europe should be brought to Indonesia – a matter of urgency in their eyes if they were to establish control and so carve out a bargaining position for future talks. Meanwhile Mountbatten still viewed the arrival of more Dutch troops as a recive for further violence. Ultimately the British still agreed to permit the deployment of the Dutch Marine Brigade if van Mook requested it.


Dutch marines in the Great East. Even when he had gained permission to grant independence to Indonesia, Lieutenant Governor General van Mook still wanted to enter the final negotiations from a position of force and reoccupy as much of the gormer East Indies with Dutch troops as possible.

Meanwhile van Mook had returned to East Indies, and was busily trying to reassert his control over the situation after securing the permission to start his ambitious scheme. While populous Java and Sumatra were bound to be out of reach of Dutch capabilities – it would be impossible to find more than 30 000 Dutch troops for the East Indies in early 1946 –

other areas of the former empire could be retaken with minimal cost. This meant concentration on Borneo and the Great East, where reoccupation was already occurring under Australian tutelage. Van der Plas reported that it would take no more than 5000 – 8000 soldiers to establish Dutch authority in these regions, and successful reoccupation of the other territories would finally give the Dutch a more secure foothold in the region, thus giving them possibility to pursue a more long-term approach to the Javanese nationalist threat if necessary.

 The replacement of Australian troops in Borneo, Celebes, the Moluccan Islands and the lesser Sunda Islands took place with little opposition, but on Bali and Celebes the small garrison forces were soon met by local partisan attacks organized by local pemuda supporters of the Republic. As the Germans and Allies negotiated about new status quo in Europe, the Dutch were hastily trying to secure their political future in Indonesia. Both sides knew that the upcoming negotiations would be crucially important for the future of whole Southeast Asia.

Comment

A good update. Indonesia certainly is a big mess, but you did a good job breaking it all down

Although I have no idea how the Dutch can seriously think they can hold on

I would expect the British or Americans to step in more forcefully, since it should be obvious from the start that the few Dutch exiles have no chance in hell to restore colonialism to a country of millions who have tasted independence.

In fact that is may one quip with this story and the one about the Free French… neither the French exiles nor the Dutch exiles would realistically be able to hold on to the colonies. Algeria would realistically have become an early version of Rhodesia – white minority against the indigenous majority, with tons of weapons flowing into the country from all sides and turning the country from a bad case of bush war into a nightmare of civil strife rather sooner than later. As the French exiles try to keep the heart of their empire under control, the remainder of their colonial empire would slip away quickly.

Realistically there would have been no way for France to hold on to Algeria or any part of the Maghreb. And after losing there, French Africa would just politely ask the French to leave, and that would be the end of the French colonial empire. The story is really giving the Free French a much better development that would have been realistic, had something like the Zürich accords happened in history.

Same with the Dutch… there really isn’t much they can do, the Indonesians know there is no help coming for the Dutch so Mook et al will have to relocate to Surinam or Curacao rather sooner than later. It’s not even that there are so few Dutch. The British ran their Indian Raj with less than 10,000 administrators at any time. The thing is, the Indians knew that those 10,000 had the backing of the home country, while the Indonesians (and Maghrebi) actually know that there is no home country to help the Dutch and French exiles. That goes a long way in eroding their chance to hold on

 

 

All true. Still, remember that the Indonesian independence is only months old and the WWII is still ongoing. Once it becomes clear that Holland is part of New Europe for good, things will definitively change in former East Indies.

Ah okay thanks for the clarification. I had forgotten that the war was not actually over in 1945 when the Indonesian and the first Algerian story updates take place.

If the war in Europe is still going on, especially with the Dutch riding the coat tails of the victorious US and with Dutch liberation being a possibility (from Indonesian point of view), it makes sense that the Indonesians are kind of not completely behind the independence struggle. The Dutch could still come back after all.

However after 1946 both the Dutch and the French efforts ought to collapse like a house of cards, and I still think Algérie Francaise would die a painful death before the decade is over. AOF and AEF would IMHO quickly follow suit, even though on the surface the French are still unchallenged there…

I don’t see the remaining French exiles as determined / idealistic enough to try and keep together this pretense of an empire. Losing Algeria would be losing one war too many…

I think they would opt to leave Africa altogether and relocate to Canada, Cayenne or New Caledonia, rather than wait until the Africans throw them out. Of course a few adventurers who have no future outside of Africa would probably stay… maybe Afrique Central will have a white Emperor instead of a black one? With a handful of ex-resistance-fighters-now-mercenaries at his side

 

CIKAL BAKAL

 Satuan Brimob Daerah Sumbar

Sekolah Polisi Istimewa


Di awal tahun 1946,

 bersamaan dengan dipindahkannya Markas Kepolisian Daerah Sumatera Barat dari Padang ke Bukittinggi, Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa mengemukakan pembentukan Polisi Istimewa berdasarkan Skep KKN No. 12/78/ 91/1946. Maka sejak 18 Mei 1946 di kota sejuk ini dibuka Sekolah Polisi Istimewa dengan kampusnya terletak di Birugo (Komplek SMA 2 sekarang) dan beliau diangkat menjadi Kepala Sekolahnya, yang dikukuhkan dengan Surat Residen Sumatera Barat No. R/78/P2 tanggal 15 Juni 1946.

Pada acara peresmian Sekolah Polisi Istimewa yang berlangsung pada tanggal 18 Mei 1946, Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa yang ditetapkan sebagai Direktur sekolah ini menetapkan maksud dan tujuan pendidikan sekolah tersebut, sebagai berikut:

  1. 1.      Polisi Istimewa Negara Republik Indonesia, khusus dipandang sebagai garis depan Polisi Sumatera Barat
  2. 2.     Dan merupakan Korps yang Mobil dari Polisi Negara Republik Indonesia di Sumatera Barat yang bergerak cepat, bila diperlukan penugasannya juga dapat diluar tempat kedudukan kesatuannya
  3. 3.     Bertanggung jawab terhadap ketertiban dan keamanan dimasa damai dan ikut serta berjuang dimasa perang

Adinegoro yang mewakili sebagai pemerintah untuk Sumatera, menegaskan bahwa Polisi Istimewa sebagai pasukan Pelopor patut berpenampilan penuh gaya dan Sekolah Polisi Istimewa melaksanakan pendidikan yang berlangsung selama 3 bulan dan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1946 dilantik sebanyak 10 orang Pembantu Inspektur dan 134 agen Polisi.

Dalam penugasan ternyata Polisi Istimewa ini lebih mudah beradaptasi dengan masyarakat ketimbang polisi tiga jaman sebelumnya. Lulusan Sekolah Polisi Istimewa awalnya banyak ditugaskan di Padang, namun kemudian disebar keberbagai tempat, kelak mereka bergabung dalam apa yang disebut Barisan Istimewa Polisi (BIP).

Barisan Istimewa Polisi
BIP dibentuk pada bulan September 1946 di Bukittinggi, Polisi yang tergabung didalamnya diasramakan. Ini dimaksud agar penempaan dan latihan biar lebih terkonsentrasi dan terarah, terutama dalam pemakaian beraneka macam persenjataan. Tugas yang diemban kepada BIP. Mengatasi kerusuhan, memulihkan keadaan bila ada kekacauan, mengawasi lalu lintas barang dan orang. Satuan-satuan BIP ini ditempatkan di Sijunjung, Tanjung Simalidu, Bangkinang, Danau Bingkuang, Pariaman, serta perbatasan dengan Sumatera Utara.

 

Karena tugas BIP yang tidak ringan diperlukan senjata yang memadai, sementara persenjataan di Sumbar tidak mencukupi, maka harus dicari ke daerah lain. Pada saat itu diperoleh informasi oleh Kepala Polisi Sumbar bahwa Tapanuli menyimpan senjata eks Jepang yang hendak dijual oleh Residen, meski rakyat setempat tidak menghendaki, maka ditugaskan Kaharudin bersama Dewan Polisi Sumbar beserta empat orang agen polisi berangkat ke Sibolga untuk membelinya. Rombongan disambut dengan sukacita oleh Residen Tapanuli DR.F. Lumantobing, dan Tapanuli Selatan menjual 66 pucuk US, Caraben, 3 pucuk senapan mesin beserta amunisi juga sejumlah granat tangan. Penambahan senjata ini melengkapi persenjataan BIP di Bukittinggi, hal ini menaikkan moril anggota dalam pengaplikasian tugas, dan ditegaskan oleh Residen Mr.Rasyid untuk tidak adanya keraguan dalam pencapaian tujuan pendidikan Polisi Istimewa, sebagai organisasi Semi Militer dibawah pimpinan Komisaris Polisi II Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo Basa.

 

 

In 1946 verlaat hij het Borromeus Hospitaal

 en mag hij eindelijk op verlof: “2 maanden, 2 weken en 3 dagen”, en krijgt hij een voorschot uitbetaald op zijn “achterstallige bezoldiging 40-45″. Hij is immers sinds 11 januari 1942 “onafgebroken in werkelijken dienst” geweest, bevestigt het Commandement der Zeemacht in Batavia. Het lijkt erop dat hij zijn ‘klein verlof’ in Nederland heeft doorgebracht. (P.Molenbroek)

Indian troops with four armed Indonesians captured at Bekassi before the village was burnt as a reprisal for the murder of five members of the Royal Air Force and twenty Maharatta riflemen whose Dakota transport aircraft crash landed near the village


 

 

30. Generaal Simon Spoor

General Simon Spoor on a troopship in Tanjung Priok in 1946.

 

Oeang Republik Indonesia

Series 1, ‘1945’

The first ‘Indonesian rupiah’ bank notes bore the date of the proclamation on new Indonesian money, 17 October 1945, under the authority of the “Republik Indonesia”, and were apparently intended for issue on February 1, 1946, but due to the capture of most of the notes, only a tiny number escaped at this time.

The circulation began in earnest in Java from October 10, 1946. The notes were in denominations of 1, 5, and 10 sen notes, plus ½, 1, 5, 10, and 100 rupiah notes.

1945 Republik Indonesia series

Image

Value

Dimensions

Main Colour

Description

Date of

Remarks

Obverse

Reverse

Obverse

Reverse

Watermark

Serial

printing

issue

withdrawal

   

1 sen

97 × 45 mm

Green

Keris

Legal text with wings

None

None

1946

October 10, 1946

May 1, 1950

Violet underprint

 

 

Green underprint

 

 

5 sen

100 × 49 mm

Violet

Various leaves

Legal text with wings

Buffalo underprint (strong)

   

Dark blue

Buffalo underprint (faint)

   

10 sen

105 × 51 mm

Black

Keris and machete underprint

Legal text

Narrow borders

 

 

Brown

 

 

Wide borders

 

 

1/2 rupiah

119 × 58 mm

Green

Horned motif

Legal text

Six numbers two letters [01234]nnnnn [LMNPRST][PRTUVWX]

Pink underprint

   

Orange underprint

   

1 rupiah

138 × 65 mm

Blue

Sukarno, volcano

Volcano, legal text

Some without serial, some with six-digit, two-letter serial (1st letter is check code), some with simple two letter code

 

   

5 rupiah

148 × 71 mm

Green

Rice stalk, Sukarno

Rikce stalks, legal text

Six numbers, two letters, first letter is check code; two different serial printing styles

 

   

10 rupiah

160 × 77 mm

Blue

Sukarno, volcano

Legal text

Six numbers, two letters, or Six numbers, three letters. First letter is check code. Several serial printing styles

 

   

100 rupiah

174 × 86 mm

Blue/green

Sukarno, keris, horns

Legal text, horned ‘100’

Five numbers, two letters, first letter is check code.

 

 

Sumatra, Tandjungkarang 1946 Regional Issue

  P-S385 – 1 Rupiah
Front:
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, Keresidenan Lampung (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera, Lampung Residency
Back: There is no back — It’s a uniface note
Size: 122 x 72 mm
                           

 

 

The interesting book written by  A.A.Maramis L.L..D publish by Merdeka Press jakarta 1946:

 

NO MORE LEGAL POWER OF THE NETHERLANDS IN INDONESIA.

 
   
   
   

January .1946

 

ill.no 1. Vintage republic Indonesia callender.

i..(c)Native calender January 1946

 

Ill, no 3. Republic Indonesia flag 1946 (native Calender 1946 ill.)

 

ill no 2. The Republic Indonesia First President Sukarno (vintage calender ill)

.Indonesia Calender January 1946 with illustrated The first Indonesian President Sukarno(ill.no 2) with the picture of Mountain and Indonesia National Flag (ill no3) anonim painters. ill. no 4 : The recieved of Kredit money 10 gld(Rp) from Indonesia State  National Cooperation (Koperasi Oesaha Nasional ranting) Kerdjaan Koedoes. This day Koedes occupied by Republic Indonesia.

 

January,1st.1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Republik Indonesia at Bali

From October 1945 until late January 1946 there was a short period of Republican rule on Bali.

Here, too, initially 4 cent occupation cards continued to be used.

However, in January 1946

 cards were overprinted 5 sen which was the rate on Java. The 5 sen cards were also distributed to the neighboring island of Lombok.

Subsequently these cards were overprinted with the additional overprint + 2 sen which was surcharge to help finance the independence movement.

 

Close up the independence fund tax’s  red stamped

(revenue tax collections)

 

 

The complete Repoeblic Indonesia Water supply Billing  Document

The Dai Nippon Watersupply Billing Djawa Denki Digyo Sha,overprint Repoeblik Indonesia Soerat Penagihan(billing letter)  with handchoped Oentoek Fonds Kemerdekaan F 0,10(revenue tax for Indonesia Independence Fund) used ad Bajomanfrom Bayeman  with added 0.50 gld(Rp) for Independence Fund (oentoek Fonds kemerdekaan) used old Dai Nippon Form “Djawa Denki Djigyosha  DS” but this char.was surcharge with red color machinal (Nama berbahasa Nippon dicoret dengan garis merah, ini kantor PAM daerah Bayaman ) Who Know where was the Bayaman Village, please informed via comment

Close Up

 

Front document

 

ill. 1.1.46

The Rechieved of native people credit money 10 gld to republic Indonesia national coperation (Koperasi ) village Kerdjaan Koedoes . Koedes central Java official stamped . Many Kreteks cigaret produnction in this city and this day occupied by Republic Indonesia .at the back the Netherland Tragebank check f 10.000 guilders.

Back of document

The old Dutch Trade bank check f 10.000.-

 

ill. 1.1.46The Rechieved of native people credit money 10 gld to republic Indonesia national coperation (Koperasi ) village Kerdjaan Koedoes . Koedes central Java official stamped . Many Kreteks cigaret produnction in this city and this day occupied by Republic Indonesia .at the back the Netherland Trade (Neth.Handels) bank check f 10.000 guilders.

 

January,2nd.1946

 

 

 

Ex POW send to Amsterdam Netherland

January ,3rd.1946

(a)Repoeblic Indonesia ‘s Department of Religion is founded

 

 

(b) Repoebelik Indonesia overprint kon.10 cent  padang issued 3x 10cent added  Dai nippon sumatera definitive 10 cent stamp(rate 40 cent) , postally used on cover send from  Padang ,pasar gadang street to Indonesian red cross padang

 

January, 4th.1946

Kempen

 

 

Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir and Foreign Minister,Haji Agus Salim, leading the Indonesian delegation to defend the Indonesian cause before the
United Nations Security Council.
Other members Sumitro Djohadikusumo and Sudjatmoko

Sutan Sjahir statement to te UN Security Council on August 19, 1947:
We ask for action by the Security Council because we have no faith
in the honesty andg goodwill of the Dutch government

Te UN Security Council decided to appoint a Good Offices Committee of representatives from the US, Australia and Belgium to mediate the conflict, establish a cease-fire and promote negotiations.

 

Sukarno and Hatta remove by night to Yogya, leaving Sjahrir and the more pro-negotiations faction in Jakarta.PNI party is reestablished.Persatuan Perjuangan (Union of Struggle) formed by Tan Malaka to oppose the Sjahrir government and negotiations with the Dutch. Soedirman speaks against negotiations and Sjahrir.Barisan Banteng radicals kidnap Pakubuwono XII of Surakarta.

Gajah Mada University founded in Yogya; Sultan offers front portion of Kraton to house it.

Dutch forces occupy Bangka and Belitung.

 

 

Indonesia issue is raised in the United Nations for the first time.

The Indonesian Question in the United Nations

 

The war in Indonesia posed a threat to international peace and security. In the spirit of article 24 of the United Nations’ Charter, the question of Indonesia was officially brought before the Security Council by Jacob Malik of the Soviet Unions. Soon afterwards, on February 10, 1946, the first official meeting of Indonesian and Dutch representatives took place under
the chairmanship of Sir Archibald Clark Kerr

 

 

But the freedom fight continued and Dutch military aggressions met with stiff resistance from Indonesian troops.
The Indonesian Government conducted a diplomatic offensive against the Dutch.

 

With the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java.
The negotiations resulted in the de facto recognition by the Dutch of lndonesia’s sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura.
The Linggarjati Agreement was initialled

Jan.4th 1946

Jawatan Kepolisian Pindah ke Purwokerto


Pada awal tahun 1946

Jakarta sudah sepenuh- nya dikuasai oleh Sekutu. Atas pertimbangan situasi yang demikian gentingnya, ditambah dengan kenyataan bahwa Jakarta sudah sepenuhnya diduduki Sekutu, Presiden Soekarno dan Wakil Presiden Mohammad Hatta beserta Menteri Pertahanan Amir Sjarifudin pindah ke Yogyakarta pada tanggal

 4 Januari 1946.

 Dan sejak saat itu Yogyakarta ditetapkan sebagai Ibukota Republik Indonesia. Selanjutnya kantor-kantor pemerintahan lainnya juga memindahkan tempatnya dari Jakarta. Kementrian Dalam negeri termasuk Kepolisian Negara RI merupakan salah satu yang turut berpindah tempat. Purwokerto dipilih sebagai tempat baru kantor Kementrian Dalam Negeri. Sedangkan Kantor Kepolisian Jakarta Raya dipindahkan ke Subang.

. Republic Indonesia President and Vice president moved from Djakarta to Jogyakarta because terror at Djakarta.(Vintage PTIK-Police Science High School journal,1952,compile by Moerdijanto,Candidats PTIK). all the information below from the same journals except the collection belong to Dr iwan S.

Jan.6th.1946

 Purwokerto Meeting,coordinated by Tan Malaka, in this meeting developed the new Native Indonesia Organisation ” PERSATOEAN PERDJOANGAN” ( Unity Struggle) with 143 organiztations an the member. (ibid,PTIK,1952)

Jan.7th. 1946

January,7th.1946

 

Postally used homemade free port cover send from Wedana Kajoe Agoeng to pejabat Makamah tinggi Palembang CDS Kajoeagoeng 7.1.46

The name of TKR-Tentara Keamanan Rakjat-People Secure army  was changed to TKR-Tentara Keselamatan Rakjat-People  Safety Army with the same TKR.(ibid.PTIK,1952)

ll.no.9. Contraversial Letter (cover not found) from Indonesia village(Negeri in west sumatra means village) Book Aquantance examinine to calculate the amont of tax must paid from Village or small city chinese overseas Trader, this official office Padang didn’t mantioned from what government Dutch east indie, Dai Nippon or Republic Indonesia because the Chinese overseas asked to send the Trade account Books from 1939-1941(during Dutch East Indie), 1942-1945 (Duirng Dai Nippon Occupation) and 1945-1946 (during Republic Indonesia nd British Allied occupation) that cann’t sent at August 1945 due to the Independence war situation, This tax belong to what State? please comment, very best Fiscal collection during the War

 

 

 

January,12th,1946

 

The first NRI Java stamps were issued in this day in comemoratate half year Indonesian Proclamations Day

(courtecy Pipiet Solistyowati)

 

 

 

Jan.15th .1946

(a)The Chinese overseas Death Certificate issued by The Special Populatian Official Gouverment Stamped (Stempel Pegawai Loear Bias Pencatatan djiwa) Pemalang small city Central Java.

 

(a)          The earliest used Middle Sumatra handoverprint Rep: IND: type 32 black,info from Esbensen catalogue,1980

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Iwan mint ,and CTO collection made by the padang Postman that time Mr Soewil ,and now Dr iwan Collections:look illustration below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information from Dutch Phillatelic magazine”Mijn Stookpaardje”1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)         This day was the earliest used of Medan Handstamped small rep.Indonesia type 213.

Common CTO Medan,on and off cover, approximately 80 genuinely used entire exist of all overprint types and colour pu together Type A 3.0 mm  and type b 2,2 mmm.the earliest used CDS Tebing tinggi 15.1.46 on veryfind money order(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

 

During visit medan in 1976,I found the mint stamp ,overpint type 213 on vereious Dai Nippon ovpt stamp like iPL Palembang,lampong,banka red and violet overprint.I sen many CTO cover from Mr Sajoer the stmp collector Medan.(Dr Iwan notes)

 

 

Jan.16th. 1946

Van Poll mosion for sent the Dutch parlementair to Indonesia accepted by The second house (tweede Kamer) .(ibid PTIK,1952)

January,17th.1946

Throughout Indonesia celebrated the five month  birthdays of  Repoblik Indonesia , coinciding with the anniversary of intu in Medan, Sumatra, Ibn city officially opened by the Governor of Sumatra in the hall of Information and viewing the (Board of Information and Investigation). Sumatran Governor in his opening speech Mr. Mohammad hassan Justin, among others said that in 1946 is expected to be a year of development of our Country, where every effort will be coordinated in order to enforce our republic as hard-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi can not be done efficiently if the people were lighting tidka and education about politics, economics and culture at large. Hence Sumatran provincial government has set up this office and is now expected to be emanating from this soon penernagan and advice necessary for us to gain further insight memerkokoh. Demikina also here will be centered all ynag investigation needs to be done on the results of all the propaganda, the investigation of public welfare purposes and intent-intent seta other people of this island of Sumatra. I hope with this office will increase immediately the good mutual understanding between the peoples of Indonesia and a foreign nation that is in Sumatra. Thus the explanation given by the Governor of Sumatra

original info:

Seluruh Indonesia  merayakan umur Repoblik Indonesia Yang ke 5 bulan, bertepatan dengan hari peringatan intu di Medan ,Ibnu kota Sumatera dibuka dengan resmi oleh Gubernur sumatra di balai Penerangan dan Penilikan(Board of Information and Investigation). dalam pidato pembukaan Gubernur sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad hassan antara lain mengatakan ,bahwa tahun 1946 ini diharapkan menjadi tahun pembangunan Negara kita, dimana segala usaha akan dikoordinir guna menegakkan republik kita sekuat-kuatnya.Pekerjaan koordiniasi ini tidak dapat dilakukan dengan effisien jika rakyat tidka diberi penerangan dan pendidikan tentang soal politik,ekonomi maupun kebudayaan secara luas. Oleh karena itulah pemerintah Propinsi sumatra telah mendirikan kantor ini dan kini dari sinilah diharapkan akan memancar segara penernagan dan saran yang diperlukan untuk memerkokoh negar kita. Demikina pula disini akan dipusatkan segala penyelidikan ynag perlu dilakukan atas hasil segala propaganda itu,penyelidikan atas kemakmuran rakyat dan keperluan-keperluan  seta hajat-hajat rakyat lainnya dipulau Sumatra ini. Saya harap dengan adanya kantor ini akan bertambah dengan segera saling pengertian yang baik antara bangsa Indonesia dan bangsa asing yang ada di Sumatra. Demikianlah penjelasan yang diberikan oleh Gubernur Sumatra .

 

Saat Dewan Keamanan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa bersidang di Church House, London, 17 Januari 1946, ia dan Mr. Zairin Zain ikut hadir. Seusai sidang, Sumitro dan Zairin terbang ke Jakarta. Tiba di rumah orang tuanya, Sumitro disambut suasana duka: dua adiknya, Subianto (21) dan Sujono (16) gugur dalam pertempuran melawan Jepang di Tangerang.

(Sumitro Djojohadikusumo)

Jan.19th.1946

(a)British Gouvernment had dicided to sent Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, British Moscow Ambassador , to Indonesia as the the Special envoy for finishing the Indonesia problem (ibid PTIK,1952).

(b)

 

ill no 7. 19.1.46 Dai Nippon Revenue used by republican without Syowa date in Bukittinggi

. 19.1.46.

Dai nippon revenue  f.50 and f1,- on fragment, used without syowa date by Indonesian people at Bukittingi(this city occupied by Republic Indonesia abd became the capital Sumatra province)

Jan.20th. 1946

 

 

 

 

ill no 8 : 20.1.46.Postally used Postcard , Repoeblik Indonesia 5 den surcharged Dai nippon java 5 sen , send from CDS Djokjakarta 20.1.46 to Magelang, the earliest Republic Indonesia java postal history

 

January,21th.1946

(a)The rare Dai nippon round choped Ryo Kin Kan No(Porto had paid) to up the rate of Dai Nippon postal sationer card 31/2 cent,postally used  CDS Pajakoemboeh  21.1.46 to boekittinggi(Dai Nippon still had power at Pajakoemboh and padang city post office,this only fotocopy ,the original I had sold to Karel in 1985)

(b) The letter from  wakil kepala  pemeriksaan buku dagang Untuk Padjak negeri(State Tax accounting book  inspection)  from padang to wajib pajak Padang Pandjang .

 

(c) The postally used Dai Nippon java stamp 40 cent on money order fragment CDS Djojakarta 21,1.6.(Djokjakarta Post office still in Gai Nippon power.

Jan.22th . 1946

(a)Manouilsky , Ukranian member of  Security Council(Dewan Keamanan ) United Nation (PBB) had  pusshed Security Council during meeting at london to made a special meeting and get the action related to Charter of The United Nations no.35.(ibid.PTIK,1952). Ill no 9. 22.1.46. IndonesianTradeaccount Book Check of State Tax Office (Kantor Pemeriksaan Boekoe Dagang oentoek Padjak Negeri ) Padang ‘s Letter to chinese overseas Padang pandjang(west sumatra) , asked him to sent Tke Account Book from 1939 to 1945 because couldn’t send since 21.8.45 because of the Indonesian Independence war situation. During the war worse situation, the Tax still asked the account  book to analyse the Income tax , they didn.t mantion from Dutch east indie-Dai nippon occupation-indonesian Independence war and British allied occupation era, all Income still must paid Income tax forn Indonesian Gouverment or for Dai Nippon or British allied Forces Aministration because no Gouvernment name at the letter ,the choped with blank armour.Historic Fiscal collection during the war.(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

January,22th.1946

22.1.46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dai nippon sumatra revenue without overprint used at Bukittingi without Syowa date, Bukittingi under Republic Indonesia Occupation .

(c)Dai Nippon Sumatra revenue 50 cent  used at Bukittinggi.

and Dai Nippon sumatra  f1,-one roepiah used at bukittinggi

 

Jan.23th.1946

 

Briefkaart Japanse bezetting met dubbel violet port betaald stempel (93) en Rep. Indonesia (213) in violet, Koetaradja 21.1.23 (23.1.46), onbekend in Bulterman, verticale vouw ov. pracht ex.

 

 

 

Indonesia Guvernment Police Pajakoemboeh (west Sumatra) official stamped(stempel Kepala Pilisi Pamongpraja Republik Indonesia)  from letter’s document.

 

 

 

ill no 11. 23.1.46 The chief of Repoeblik Indonesia Government Police Pajakoemboh (west sumatra) official stamped in violet color(Kepala Polisi Pamongpraja)this is from INdonesian National Police organization or Province Government organization ? please comment !

Jan.24th

 TKR-People Security Army ‘s name changed to TRI-Tentara Republik Indonesia (Republic Indonesia Army).(ibid.PTIK,1952)

 

Rare Dai Nippon Occupation postal stationer with  double overprint Dai Nippon ryokin kan No (port have paid) and overprint Rep.indonesia send from Sihombing Kantor Keresidenan Koetaradja to K Simorangkit KSO Office /kontrole at Medan no destination CDS

Briefkaart Japanse bezetting met dubbel violet port betaald stempel (93) en Rep. Indonesia (213) in violet, Koetaradja 21.1.23 (23.1.46),

January,24th.1946

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando (Medan area) dilakukan pada tanggal 24 Januari 1947 di Tanjung Morawa. Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area

Pasukan Republik berhasil menang pada beberapa front yg kemudian membuat kedudukan Belanda di Medan terdesak sehingga mereka terpaksa mengeluarkan taktik liciknya: meminta gencatan senjata. Kemudian disepakati ada garis demarkasi/batas utk membagi wilayah kekuasaan. Jadi ada pembagian wilayah di Medan pada waktu itu antara NRI dan Belanda. artinya Medan tidak seluruhnya dikuasai oleh Belanda.(ibid Simatupang HME)

 

Jan.25th.1946

The idea of ​​establishment of Military Academy of Tangerang came from four people: Daan Mogot, Kemal Idris, Yahya and Daan Taswin.Pada early stage there are 180 people Midshipman Candidates are trained first.

Among them were students from the School of Medicine Ika Daigaku Jakarta. There are among those who became a platoon commander, company commander and even battalion commanders. A number of officers and NCOs who became coach / instructor MAT include Taswin Captain, Captain Tommy Prawirasuta, Rukman Captain, Captain Kemal Idris, Captain Oscar (Otje) Mochtan, Jopie Bolang Captain, Captain Endjon Djajaroekmantara, Bahruddin Sergeant, Sergeant Sirodz.

 In Tangerang Taswin Regiment served on the staff while Kemal Idris in soldiers.Pada dated January 24, 1946 Major Daan Yahya received information that the Dutch Colonial Army troops had occupied Parung and will make a move the Japanese army seize weapons depots in depot Lengkong (later revealed that the newly occupied Parung NICA March 1946). NICA provocative actions that would threaten the position of the Dutch Regiment and the Military Academy IV Tangerang Tangerang seriously. Therefore the Fourth Regiment, held a security measure Tangerang. Daan John Major as Chief of Staff of the Regiment, Major immediately called Daan Mogot and Major Wibowo, who had been the liaison officer to the Fourth Regiment, Tangerang.

Dated January 25, 1946

 through the middle of the day around 14.00, after reporting to the commander of the Fourth Regiment, Lt. Col. Singgih Tangerang, departed TKR troops under the command of Major Daan Mogot with a magnitude 70 cadets MA Tangerang (MAT) and eight Gurkha soldiers.

In addition to cadets, the troops would be some officers were Major Wibowo, and Lieutenant Lieutenant Soebianto Djojohadikoesoemo Soetopo.

First it was the second officer military police officer (Military Police Corps / CPM now). This was done to preempt the Japanese not to weapons that have been surrendered to the allies handed over to the Dutch Colonial Army-NICA which time it had reached in Sukabumi to Jakarta.

After going through a tough journey because the road is damaged and full of holes tank traps, and full of barricades, TKR troops arrived in Japan in Lengkong headquarters at around 16.00.

In the distance is not how far from the gates of the headquarters, trucks and troops laid down TKR. They entered the headquarters of the Japanese army in regular formation. Daan Mogot Major, Major Alex Wibowo and cadets Sajoeti running up front and the three of them then go to the office of Captain Abe. MAT Midshipman troops handed over to Lieutenant and Lieutenant Soebianto Soetopo to wait outside.

The first movement is managed well and impress the Japanese.

 Inside the headquarters office of the Japanese Major Daan Mogot explain the purpose of his arrival. However, Captain Abe asked for time to contact his superiors in Jakarta, because he says his superiors have not received instructions about disarmament.

When negotiations goes, apparently Soebianto First Lieutenant and First Lieutenant Soetopo already mobilized the cadets entered the barracks and disarmed a number that were there with the willingness of subordinates Captain Abe. About 40 Japanese ordered to gather in the field.

Then suddenly heard gunshots, which is not known from where datangnnya. The sound was immediately followed by a barrage of three checkpoints, armed with a hidden Submachine directed to the army cadets are trapped. Another Japanese soldier who originally had surrendered his gun, the other Japanese soldiers who lined the field scattered reclaim some of their weapons which have not been loaded into the truck.

Within a very short berkobarlah unequal battle between the Indonesia and Japan, long combat experience, supported by a more complete arsenal, causing MAT Midshipman becomes an easy target.

In addition to machine guns used by the Japanese, also occurred grenade and bayonet fights an opponent one.

Major actions Daan Mogot who immediately ran out to leave the negotiating table and try to stop the fighting but the efforts were unsuccessful.

It is said that Major Daan Mogot with his entourage and the Military Academy Midshipman Tangerang, left the dorm the Japanese army, withdrew to the forest called the forest Lengkong rubber.

MAT cadets who successfully escaped to save himself among the rubber trees. They have difficulty using a carbine owned Terni.

 Often the bullet that entered into the rooms do not fit because of different sizes or plazas. The battle did not last long, because the forces that fought in the Japanese fortification with weaponry and equipment is very limited supply of bullets.

In battle, Major Daan Mogot by a bullet in the right thigh and chest. But when he saw his men holding machine guns shot dead, he then took the machine gun and shoot your opponent until he himself was showered with bullets from various parts of the Japanese army.

Finally, 33 cadets and three officers killed and 10 seriously injured cadets and midshipmen Major Wibowo with 20 taken prisoner, while the three cadets, namely Soedarno, Menod, Oesman Sjarief escaped on January 26 and arrived at the Command Headquarters Regiment TKR Tangerang in the morning. The officers and the Military Academy cadets Tangerang (MAT) which fall on the event are as follows:

Japanese troops acted with great brutality, they had bullet wounds and is still alive finished off with a bayonet.

There is caught when he gets out of the sanctuary, then handed over to Kempeitai Bogor. Some people are still living a prisoner of the Japanese and forced to dig graves for his friends. What a story that sadly for those who are still alive.

In case of wounded, taken prisoner, still forced to dig graves for their colleagues while their fate is still unclear what to do.

in Tangerang funeral held back 36 bodies killed in the incident followed a Lengkong Soekardi cadets who were seriously injured but later died in hospital in Tangerang. They were buried near the prison children or more is now known TMP Taruna Tangerang.

 In addition to the officers of Tangerang, Tangerang Military Academy, Army Liaison Office, also attended the ceremony, Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Sjahrir, Vice Foreign Minister Haji Agoes Salim Salim, the son Sjewket participate in the event fall and their family members cadets were killed. Major Daan Mogot girlfriend, Hadjari Singgih cut his long hair reaching her waist and planted it with corpses hair Daan Mogot.

 After that long hair was never allowed again.

January,27th.1946

The fragment of rare Dai Nippon revenue  block five of 10 cent and block ten of 10 cent(rate f 1,50.) used without overprint at boekittinggi January ,29th. 1946

 

 

 

January,28th .1946

General Christison changed with Let.Gen. Sir Montague Stopford as the highest Command of  Brithish allied Forces at Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952

January.30th. 1946

(a)  the Soerakarta Hospital in patien billing two days f.10,- recieved with repoeblik Indonesia revenue -,15 unperforated.

 

(b) Gen. Spoor takes command of Dutch forces in the Indies Let.Gen. van Ojen changed with Let.Gen.Spoor as the highest  command of Dutch Army in Indonesia.


Gen. S. H. Spoor, commander of Dutch forces in Indonesia, 1946-1949.At the beginning of 1946, Dutch forces in Indonesia numbered about 20,000.

 

(c) 31.1.6(1946)

The official free postal(bebas bea sudah dibajar) cover of Republic Indonesia Defend area Kedoe send from Magelang CDS 31.1.6 (1946) to parakan (official Military defend area official cover), the official stamped look above.

 

The closed up of  Official Kedoe Defend are NRI Magelang stamped.

 

 

The closeup of CDS Malang 31.1.6.

 

Complete cover

 

Compared the Magelang postal stamped  CDS  31.1.6.13(time) means send from magelang January,31th.1946(syowa 2606) 13.00 (PM 1.00) type line parallel with the fragment of CDS Magelang 22.11.50.8(November,20th.1945.time 08.00 AM,different type CDS  point of Magelang PW(poswessel or monwy order)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February 1946

 

 

1946. Native Indonesia calender February 1946 with the sacred Beringin tree picture painting illustraion look below. Forgive me if there was mismatch between Illustration number and the document informations because very difficult to arranged this collections. the complete document and covers only showed completely in IMUCS Cybermusuem if the collectors choose that item as the best collection. the nex Indonesia Independent War collection (March ’46) were the very rare collections, I only showed this collection if the collector asked me because all the collections I put in Bank Deposit box, all the collection were area overprint republic Indonesia on Dai Nippon revenue,stamps and postal card 7 Document,every area had their own creation overprint because no communication between that area due to the war situation after british allied forces backhome and the inflations situation need new rate on postal and fiscal revenue in republic indonesia sumatra and java . I need many hours to arranged this collections please remember @Copyright dr iwan s.2010

 

,forbdden to copy or repro in anykind technology, before put in Cybermusuem ,I cann’t give permission to repro or copy the illustration for put in anykind informations media. If my research of this Historic collection Postal or revenue History write scientifically may be the university will give me Honorary Phillosohy Doctore degree,because i have the Master degree.this is my vision, what the collector comment, please look and reand carefully my statement about the historical fact collection related with the authority of republic indonesia in Sumatra and Java area 1945-1948, I hope The Royal Dutch crown will accepted the Indonesia Proclamations 17.8.45 and the Indonesia Independent wasr as the fact that Republic Indonesia ever exist 1n 1945-1949 and didn’t called our loving independent country as the extrimist anymore viva republic Indonesia and Netherlands ex motherlands.@copyright Dr iwan S.

 

 

1946 February native Indonesia picture painting illustration of the sacred java tree with phrase in Java language ” Wringin Soetji Korining Kerta’ please native javavenese trasnlate this phrase for our collectors abroad. this illsutration painters anonmi from the native calender february 1946.

 

Inside Java such groups as the perjuangan or struggle group supported by Tan Malaka came into conflict with the diplomasi line supported by the fledgling Republican government under Sutan Sjahrir.

 

 More than 133 groups including socialist youth groups or pemuda, the communists and, for a time, the Muslim party Masjumi fell in line.  Around the slogan of “merdeka atau mati,” independence or death, the struggle front was uncompromising in rejection of a Dutch restoration.

 

In February 1946

 

they demanded the resignation of the Sjahrir cabinet. While Sukarno had been attracted to the struggle camp he now kept his distance.

 

nformation from Paradox interactive By Rare Han

 

From Linggadjati to Makassar – birth of the USI

The Round-Table Conference of Makassar.

The fact that the Republic had survived its first months of existence gave it a credibility that the rest of the world could not ignore.

 

Battle lines were drawn as national sympathies through the globe were rising to either support the Indonesian independence or the cause of the Dutch exiles.

 

For some, such as the USA, the choise remained surprisingly complicated despite their official rhetoric, and thus Washington tried initially to avoid taking sides altogether.

Ultimately the fact that their wartime Allies were now ranged against them doomed the Dutch attempts to restore their colonial regime, and the effort that was already plagued with lack of necessary economical, military and political resources came to an end.

Trotskyits, Jihadis and the threat of peace in Europe

By February 1946

 

 the position of Dutch exiles in the East Indies was turning from precarious to critical.

 

They had next to none viable military strength and even the small forces they had were ultimately Allied auxiliaries, armed and thus also supplied by either Britain or the US. It was increasingly clear that even if they could transfer all of their remaining troops to Java, it would be impossible to dislodge the Republic by force.

As the British troops now increasingly confined themselves to keeping order in Batavia and war in Europe was coming to an end as negotiations in Zürich slowly made progress,

the situation in East Indies was finally ripe for diplomatical solutions. Sukarno and Sjahrir were hard-pressed to keep the militant elements among the pemudas in check, but they were more worried about the fact that the lack of progress in diplomacy was providing increasing support for their strongest political rivals.

 

Initially they considered Trotskyist leader Tan Malaka and his followers as their prime competitors.

 

 By skillfully organizing local alliances Tan Malaka had by now created an impressive coalition force of 141 local organizations that had joined forces as a new Unified Front, encompassing elements from the whole political spectrum.

 

Malaka and his followers opposed diplomatic settlements and were content to wait out for war in Europe to end

 

. While Sukarno might have personally agreed with this approach, he was much more willing to wait a little longer and appear more diplomatic to create better relations to postwar Allies.

At this time Sukarno and Hatta were also increasingly worried about the growing power of Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo and his Darul Islam-movement that was based on the region of Garut in West Java.

 

 Demanding that NEI should be replaced by an unified Negara Islam Indonesia, an Islamic state organized according to the shari’a law this movement was initially dismissed as a small group of fanatics without wider support. Sukarno would come to regret this initial overconfidence later on.


Kartosuwirjo was an Islamic mystic and a guerrilla leader with ambitious goals for the future of his homeland.

 

 


Due their own problems all sides were thus now surprisingly willing to give up their earlier defiance and seek a common ground. Separate British-Dutch and British-

 

Indonesian negotiations had been given increased importance from London as it became more and more clear that the conflict in Europe would end into a negotiated truce rather soon.

 

The Dutch delegation led by van Mook entered to the negotiations with a proposal where a transitional Commonwealth of Indonesia would be recognized within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, after which the parties would decide their future relationship.

The Sjahrir government replied by a demand of immediate diplomatic recognition of the Republic as a precondition of future negotiations.

 As the Unified Front was in the meantime trying to unseat Sjahrir and lobbied for outright independence without further negotiations, the British who were initially prepared to dismiss the Indonesian precondition as untenable gave in, and pressured van Mook to accept and come up with a new plan.

 

February,1st.1946

1.2.46

Fiscal Income tax paid recieved by Padang pandjang Postal office CDS padang pandjang PTT Rep Indonesia 1.2.46 (The earliest Republic Indonesia Fiscal at sumatra) I have lend this collection for scanning to put in Mr Vosse Revenue Catlogue @Copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

 

 

 

February,1st.1946

 

1.2, 046

Dai nippon sumatra Revenue 2x f -.15,-,20 and F1.- used on the republican document without overprint at Rengat Riau.

 

The closeup illustration

 

 

 

 

 

 

The full illustration of document

 

 

 

 

February,1st,1946

The free port cover send from CDS RAF-032  (British  Royal Air Force code area 032)  II-I .1946 )february,1st.1946)to London.N15 England

 

Front

 

 

 

 

Back

 

Sender:

 

 P.Sood RAF

(British Royal Air Force)

No 1647296 c/A/c

 

 

 

February,2nd.1946

 

2.2.46

Used off cover Dai Nippon sumatra definive stamps 5 sen without overprint used in republic area CDS (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep. Indonesia.

 

Off cover Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive stamps 3 cent CDS (pakanba)roe PTT Rep Indonesia (February),2,1946

 

2/II/46.

 

 

DEI stamps dancer 4cents(4x) without overprint used as revenue on the recieve of photographer Potrait billing at Solo.@copy right Dr Iwan s. Ihave lend this stamp to scanning by Mr Vosse to put in his revised revenue catalogue. February,6th.1946(

 

 

 

Uang nica javasche bank 1000 gulden in 1946

 

 

February,4th.194

the fotocopy of very rare  military private handpainted from Kedoengora-lelen on Dai Nipopon java postal stationer

 

 

Front

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Back

 

 

 

 

February,5th.1946

 

The esrliest used of Repoeblik Indonesia machinal Overprint Java CDS  Randoe Baltoeng 14.3.45.

 

Forgeries of the following machinal overprint are plentiful.This forgeries prodsuced in Djkarta around 1946-1947 and are frequewntely CTO Djakarta.The forgeries have been described in detail by Drs W.Bruynesteyn in the phamphlert”De boekdruk Opdruken van 1945”.For this you who do not have a copy of Dr Bruynstein.s pamphlet the following is a summary of the forgery types from the last page of the pamphlet(v.esbensen 1980)

Look illustration

 

 

I have original three used Money oder fragment of this machinal overprint java repoeblik Indonesia on DEI dancer stamps with CDS from small village at Java,rare CDS, this collections  ,found at jakarta from my friend who now have pass away in memoriam Mr Bachtiar,look the rare collection below:

a.machinal overprint on Dancer 4 cent(2x) date not clear

b.un overprint DEI dancer 4 cent(2x) and machinal overprint on dai Nippon java stamps 40 cent,CDS Karang Obar 1.3.6.

 

 

c.Machinal over print on DEI dancer stamp 3 cent block four ,CDS Goenoek Radja 5.3.46.

 

 

 

February,6th.1946

6.2.46

close up

 

Dai Nippon Sumatra definive stamps F 1.-without overprint used as revenue in the republic area Bukittingi because inflation high nominal value revenue didn.t exist, if used to low nominal the document will full with revenue,also that revenue didn’t exist anymore and republic haven’t issued revenue,this time ,because the war situation. February,8th.1946 8.2.46

 

Complete document

Same at solo, at Padang Dai Nippon postal card without Republic overprint used at republic occupied area CDS Padang 8.2.46 (didn’t used Dai Nippon Syowa anymore). In 1942 only Djojakrta have machinal overprint Repoeblik Indonesia 5 SEN in red Color overprint Dai Nippon postcard look Jan 46 collection 20.1.46 from Djogjakarta. Later other city will overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon Postcard by Handstamped because no official printed Office in that area.The young collectors very difficult to understand the Postal History,but if you look carefully no problem. February 9th..46

 

 

Postal stationer dai Nippon Java card 5 sen still used duriing Rep.indonesia occupied Solo, Postally Used cover with republican postalcancelled CDS SOLO 9.2.46(Not 06-Dai Nippon syowa date), earliest Republic Indonesia Postal Administrations without overprint, later this postcard will overprin Republic Indonesia 5 SEN-look the later collections)

 

 

 

February,8.th 1946

 Contraversial Machinal overprint wrong Repoebelik(not Repoeblik) Indonesia on Dai nippon Cross &dai Nippon Yubin overprin on DEI stamps kon 10 cent 9famoues as three era stamps-prangko tiga zaman) Mr Bulterman Dutch expert told me that this stamps overprint printed at padang Printer office same with the one years Independence free military postal card, All the stamps and postcard burned by the dutch NICA(KNIL) soldier, but some still exist and used at republican Area, here were many types Dai nippon overprint or without overprint DEI Kon.stamps were surcharges. The printing office at padang only five that time, Government didn’t have, Three from that printing office belonging to my familiy , when i have asked the owner they told me they didn’t printed this stamps, the other one my family friend he told no, the only one i haven’t asked and may the printing office where this stamps was printing was the haluan Newspaper printing office still exist until now.

 

8.2.46 Contraversia Three era Overprint two type from dai nippon Cross and dai Nippon Yubin, and one from Rep.Indonesia but in wrong spelling “Repoebelik” the right one “Repoeblik’ used CDS Padang PTT Rep.Indonesia , Mr Bulterman Dutch phillatelist expert when met me in 1985 had told me that this stamps machinal overprint by Padang Private Printing office because government didn’t have it. All the stamps including the rare postal card commemorate one years independence military free card were burne by Dutch NICA soldiers(KNIL), but some stamps with many different Dai Nippon type overprint still keep by the Padang Postman , may be the specimen stamps and not many used on the postally used cover because after lingarjati agrrement Padang was the Dutch NICA area9 , Paraf at November 1946,only three month after six moth this stamps issued but resticted. I have written my research about this contraversial stamps compare between all collectors collection in the world with my collections,if the collector choose this stamps as the best stamps I will put that information in Driwancybermuseum.

 

 

February,10th.1946

(a)The remebrance picture of Solok landscaped from Agoes latif B.tinggi 10/2.1946

 

+

 

(b)February 10Van Mook sends proposal to Sjahrir for “democratic partnership” between the Netherlands and Indonesia, but which still does not provide for real independence.Sjahrir reshuffles cabinet under pressure.

 

 

 

February,12th.1946

 

12.2.46 Only one ever seen document with contraversial Tax account Office Padang (kantor Accountant Padjak) official stamped in violet color without the gouvernment emblem (lambang), This office from what State gouvernment Dutch NICA or Republic indonesia ,may be still Dai Nippon Administration, I think before hinomaru Dai Nippon emblem. this contraversial office asked the chinese overseas trader to pay text from 1939 to 1945 (from three era DEI,Dai Nippon,and Rep.Indenio or Dutch Nica)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,15th.1946

 

The earliest date used Middle Sumatra repoeblic Indonesia handstamped overprint 32 black(ibid V.esbensen catalogue,1980) look the page illustration below:

 

 

Another information from Dutch phllatelic magazine”My Stokpaardje,Maart 1947 about this stamp

 

. Original info.in Dutch language: What is this? In our January number we gave the figure of three prints: “Ned: Indie” on stamps of the Sumatra series The gown has not yet besetting.Er fourth value from this series that marked the heals and whey are generally depicted 40 cents bruin.Maar not only to seal the series, this print Japones Sumtra for, including Queen rabbit type seals we Trell him, teramen me the famous “T” print and 15 cents a red Golden paars.Deze prints, with a hand stamped, come in many positions for horizontal, sloping downward, upward sloping, headstand etc.etc. (etc.) See figure

Original info.in dutch language:

 

Wat is dit? In ons januari-number gaven wij de afb. Van drie opdrukken:”Ned:Indie” op zegels van de Sumatra-series de Japonse besetting.

 

Er is evenwel nog een vierde waarde uit deze serie die de opdruk heelt en wei de hier algebeelde 40 cent bruin.Maar niet allen op zegel van de japonese Sumtra serie komt deze opdruk voor, ook op Koninginne zegels type konijnenberg trellen wij hem dan,teramen me de bekende “T” opdruk 15 cent rood en 1 Gulden paars.

 

Deze opdrukken ,met een handstempel aangebracht,komen in vele standen voor horizontal,schuin naar beneden,schuin naar boven,kopstand enz.enz.(etc) Zie afbeelding.

 

I have a complete collection in mint unsued ,found from the Padang Postman who work at the post office this time.(ex Mr Soewil collections,now courtecy Dr iwan )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,16th.1946

 

 

 

Express postcard (Bu RJ.N9) bijgefrankeerd with 2x 20 cents NRA Java, Yogyakarta 16.2.46, to Magelang former splendor.

 

 

16.2.1946 The original document of REP Indonesia Menistry of law annoucement about proposal Indonesia Citizen Law(RUU WNI).I am sorry the complete document or cover cann’t illustrated because copyright, if you choose this document as the best collection it will put in complete document in IMUC Cybermusuem.

 

 

16.2.1946.

The republic Indonesia’s Minestry of Law : Proposal of INdonesia State Citizens law (RUU Warga Negara Indonesia dari menteri kehakiman). Sorry I cann’t showed the complete document or cover because that complete ilustration will put in Driwancybermusueum after choose by Collectors as the best collection, if you choose this document it will be show in the cybermusuem with your name, it is very impportant to chinseoverseas Indonesia ,now became Tionghoa national ethnic, this document was the basic law. (b) The  Dai Nippon Postal saving Book Tjokin Kyoko Palembang ,chang the hinomaru red to be indonesian flag red  and white inside 17.8.45,complete with yubinkyoku postal savinbvg label 16.2.46 until 2.5.46(four illustration b) February,18th.1946

 

18.2.46(b)(b) REP.IND. West Sumatra overprint Dai nippon sumatra definitive Stamps 30 cent and 50 cent used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia 18.2.46 (the earliest used) Before at Bagansiapi-api riouw Rep Ind . typemechine overprint exist i found ond piece in Jakarta bank deposit and Ricardo off Cover now in Den haag Museum, I cann’t showed this very rare stamps because only found two in the world, Iam afraid being copy by the mad stam trader or collector, if the expert or Den Haag musuem want to look at this stamps I will made a show in Den Haag Musuem if official invitation with another rare (RRR) stamps or revenue February,19th.1946(b)

 

19.2.46 Dai Nippon west sumatra Cross overprin on Dutch East indie Kon.1 gld stamps and Dai Nippon definitif 50 cent emergency used as revenue because inflation the low value revenue off , republic Indonesia high nominal value not yet issued that is why the high nominal value Stamps used @copyright Dr iwan S.2010. February,28th.1946

 

28.2.46 Dai Nippon java Revenue still used at Semarang on Oei Tiong Ham House rental Billing .Dai Nippon and British Allied forces still administrated this city and after that under Dutch NICA, never found Republic Indnesia Revenue ,stamps or Document in this city same as Soerabaja. .FEBRUARY 1946

 

native Rep.indonesia calender February 1946

Feb. 1st : Sir Archibald Clark Kerr with Sir Montague Stopford arrived at Jakarta. ill 1 .Native Rep.Indonesia Calender February 1946 , with picture Beringin Woods ” Wringin Soetji Korining Kerta” incrisption below the wood (the Sacred Beringin , please native javanese translate Korining Kerta) look ill.no.2. Ill no 3. 12.46 :The recieved of paying Income tax on Rep,Indonesia Fiscal with Poastal canceled CDS Padang Pandjang ptt rep.Indonesia .

 

Feb.2nd, 1946

2.2.46

Used Dai Nippon definitif 5 sen without overprint used (Pakan b-)aroe PTT Rep INdonesia 2.2.46 (Pakan baroe Riouw occupied by Rep.Indonesia), I have from Bagansiapi-api Riouw CDS on Definitif Dai Nippon stamps 10 cent overprint machinal typed Rep. Indonesia on piece fragment-the only one in the world exist because Ricardo have the same off covered,sorry I cann’t showed this very rare stamps in this blog because very expensive and I am afraid will be reproduced, i put that stamps in bank deposit, I am only showed this stamps to expert and specialist Indonesia collector by appointment, I am very happy to found this stamps that more rare than the Dutch’s ricardo stamps in Den Haag phillatelic Museum, if the museum want the original photo please asked via comment, and I will send the photo illustration to your e.mail.@copyright Dr Iwan S.2010. Ill.no 5 : 2/II/46 Dutch east Indie Stamp 4 cent (4x) without overprint used as revenue on The recieved of paying Photograper Billing at Solo. I have lend this rare revenue ‘s scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his revise Revenue catalogue, I hope he put my name as the provenance remember @Copy right Dr iwan S. 2009.

 

February,4th.1946

The rare  Islamic lasykar handpainted laskar on Dai Nippon Java postal stationer card 5 cent ,send from CDS Leles Kedoungora to Serang(Banten) ( this only fotocopy illustration from Ricardo collections)

The Indonesian People from Loeboek Kilangan west sumatra

 protes letter to the leader at that village whon did not stop the native gambling;

People Protest Letter Lubuk refined
Lbk.Kilangan February 4, 1946
MERDEKA! !
With respect penuhy, we on behalf of the various layers of people who kalu Lubuk refined we can say is start or has insjaf with the will of the current situation, please with the mediation of the glorious majesty, fear the onset of action alone, get support and assistance (to) the situation Affairs (village) Lubuk refined, because the situation in the country kalu note let alone to the press of Lubuk memperkokohkan (strengthening) and maintain INDEPENDENCE, even the opposite is proven by leaders in the depths of nature with the press of a. Ninik Mamak (oldest Minangkabau) is the National pasif.b.Komite pasif.Bersifat passive nature because we say: After the bodies were held over several residents Lubuk Business refined, so that there was rtidak vadan can move from non-supported and supported by ninik mamak and by the national committee, even into the barrier, otherwise we say Ninik Mamak slah not understand the situation now ini.Segala actions taken by the Committee Naasional, we mean by the chairman, who may bring poverty and misery on the people, the form asks Bakti with a forced, and rice that have been borrowed more or less 200 (two hundred) sacks, ninik mamak remain silent saja.Pada every Saturday and Tuesday behind Bandar Create (village), named Koto Lalang (Under Mangosteen) held a large gambling- scale, form sabung (sabunbg chicken), bounce, tenong, dice and other, which has from the start bubarnay manaini goen GIJOE (Dai Nippon Gyugun) passes, and from the start tanggal17.1.46 until now held every night of gambling (dice, Koa and others ) in Bandar Create los Market. Inipuhn ninik mamak National Committee even stay quiet even if this work (gambling) has berterangan (light have publicly) it was held.
Committee Nasionla we say is passive, because everything this action is for oneself was a time held the question of borrowing rice to the people, sales and sap Indarung cement (cement factory), he explained that it was his affair sendiri.Padahal payment rice people until now belumtentu position, and sales of cement and resin Indarung has stayed away,
 Any body in the form of fees (fee), for example (like) Pesindo danPB (Police assistance) can not run, because virtually no assistance, as evidenced by the dissolution of the PB in Lubuk refined when (when) we make of this letter, yet none dabn Youth a well-structured, even kslau there, is the emergence in its own course and not tersusun.Beberapa article (this hal0 we noted on His Excellency, to the attention of our request, hopefully we get changes appropriate to the circumstances present . We intentionally made this letter 4 sheets:
We send to His Excellency: 1. Resident of western Sumatra in Padang, 2. Wali LUHAK in Padang, Sumatra Regional Center 3.Komite Nsional west, 4.Komite Outer City National Branch in Padang.
According sure Kamui, we will have to change as soon as possible, and respect and we khimad:
Was signed by
Chairman of the Bandar Hezbollah Tapatan Create, Create Pesindo Bandar, Bandar Indigenous Rangkato Create, national Committee Member, Chairman aisyah, Muhamaddijah Chairman, Chairman of the Red signpost, Chairman of the pious Ulama, an outrigger Clever, Merchant’s Association, Cooperative kitchen’s chief.

 

Listen

Read phonetically

 

 

 

 

 

Original info

Surat Protes Rakyat Lubuk Kilangan

Lbk.Kilangan 4 pebruari 1946

MERDEKA ! !

Dengan penuhy hormat, kami atas nama berbagai golongan rakyat Lubuk Kilangan yang kalu boleh kami katakana mulai atau telah insjaf dengan kehendak keadaan sekarang,mohon dengan perantaraan paduka yang mulia ,takut akan timbulnya tindakan  sendiri-sendiri,mendapat sokongan dan bantuan  tentang(kepada) keadaan Negeri(kelurahan) Lubuk Kilangan ,karena kalu diperhatikan keadaan di  negeri Lubuk Kilangan jangankan menuju memperkokohkan(memperkuat)  dan mempertahankan KEMERDEKAAN, bahkan adalah  sebaliknya terbukti dengan pemimpin di lubuk kilangan bersifat dengan: a. Ninik Mamak (tertua minangkabau ) bersifat pasif.b.Komite Nasional bersifat pasif.Bersifat pasif kami katakana karena: Setelah diadakan badan-badan  atas Usaha beberapa  orang penduduk Lubuk Kilangan,maka vadan  yang ada itu rtidak dapat bergerak akibat tidak disokong dan ditunjang oleh ninik mamak  dan oleh Komite nasional,bahkan menjadi penghalangnya,kalau tidak slah kami katakana Ninik Mamak tidak mengerti dengan keadaan sekarang ini.Segala tindakan yang diambil oleh Komite Naasional,yang kami maksud dengan ketuanya,yang mungkin membawa kemelaratan dan kesengsaraan pada rakyat,berupa meminta Bakti dengan sebagai dipaksa,dan meminjam padi yang telah lebih kurang 200(dua ratus) karung,ninik mamak tinggal diam saja.Pada tiap-tiap hari Sabtu dan Selasa dibelakang Bandar BUat(kampong),bernama Koto Lalang(Dibawah Manggis) diadakan judi besar-besaran,berupa Sabung(sabunbg ayam),ambung,tenong,dadu dan lainnya ,yang manaini telah dari mulai bubarnay Gijoe Goen(Dai Nippon Gyugun) berjalannya, dan dari mulai tanggal17.1.46 sampai sekarang diadakan setiap malam judi(dadu,Koa dan lainnya) di los Pasar Bandar Buat. Inipuhn ninik mamak bahkan Komite Nasional tinggal diam saja biarpun  kerjaan ini(judi) telah berterangan (dilakukan terang terangan) saja diadakan.

Komite Nasionla kami katakana bersifat pasif,karena segala sesuatu tindakan yang diambilnya adalah untuk diri sendiri  ternyata dengan waktu diadakan pertanyaan tentang peminjaman padi pada rakyat, penjualan semen dan getah Indarung(pabrik semen),beliau menerangkan bahwa semua itu adalah urusan beliau sendiri.Padahal pembayaran padi rakyat sampai sekarang belumtentu kedudukannya,dan penjualan semen dan getah Indarung telah tinggal begitu saja,

 Segala Badan yang berupa ongkos(biaya),umpama  (seperti) PESINDO danPB(POlisi bantuan) tidak dapat berjalan,karena bantuan boleh dikatakan tidak ada,terbukti dengan bubarnya PB di Lubuk Kilangan sewaktu (ketika)kami membuat surat ini, dabn belum satupun Pemuda yang yang tersusun baik,bahkan kslau ada, adalah timbulnya dengan sendiri-sendiri saja dan belum tersusun.Beberapa pasal(hal0 ini kami kemukakan pada Paduka yang Mulia,untuk menjadi perhatian atas permohonan  kami,mudah-mudahan kami mendapat perubahan yang sesuai dengan keadaan sekarang. Sengaja kami buat surat ini 4 lembar :

Kami kirim ke Paduka Yang Mulia : 1. Residen Sumatra barat di Padang, 2. Wali Luhak di Padang,3.Komite Nsional Pusat Daerah Sumatra barat,4.Komite Nasional Cabang Luar Kota di Padang.

Menurut yakin kamui, kami akan mendapat perobahan dengan selekasnya,hormat dan dan khimad kami:

Di tanda tangani oleh

Ketua Badan Tapatan Hisbullah Bandar Buat,PESINDO Bandar Buat, Rangkato Adat Bandar Buat,Anggota Komite nsional,Ketua aisyah,Ketua Muhamaddijah, Ketua Plang Merah,Ketua alim Ulama, Cadik Pandai,Persatuan Saudagar,Ketua Koperasi dapur

February.6th ,1946

Indonesia problem were discussed at United nation Secirurity councile meeting at London. Maousky said that the British allied forces landing  due the beginning of war in Indonesia. Dai Nippon soldiers werw used to push down (menindas) Indonesia native people, that is ay he suggected to build the special commision to research (menyelidik) Indonesian Situations but not accepted.  ill no 7 . 6.2.46 Dai nippon Sumatra definitif Stamps F 1.- without overprint used as emergency revenue at Bukittinggi (Inflation made low nominal revenue off, and hing nominal didn’t exist and republic Indonesia rvenue still in process to issue.

Dutch Marine Tank in indonesia 1946

February,6th,1946

the earliest adi nippon stamps withour NRI overprint used as revenue in complete document

 

 

 

February,7th.1946

 

Postally used cover from Padang via CDS RAPWI postal violed handchoped RAPWI POST PADANG NRI 7 FEB 46 TO LOS ANGELES Usa

1946, Netherlands Indies “RAPWI-POST/PADANG N.E.I/7 FEB” boxed postmark (RAPWI = Rescue of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees) on airmail cover to Los Angeles/USA. Very unusual.Between September 1945 and November 1946, up to 35,000 surrendered Japanese troops were assimilated into Lord Louis MountbattenŽs South East Asia Command in the Netherlands East Indies. The Japanese fought alongside the British to assist in the restoration of pre-war European empires in Asia.

The Repoeblik Indonesia Padang Post Office in the NRI power but because not the UPU member,the letter cannot transferred to overseas foreign countries,that is why send via RAPWI Post Padang.very historic collections Dr Iwan know the Soei Bie shop owner  and the location too and also his home(Dr Iwan Notes)

 

The postally used postcard  with overprint Repoeblik Indonesia on DN java definive  stamps 5 cdent. send from Malang to Soerabaia.Feb.28th. ill no 13. 28.2.46

Dai Nippon revenue F 1,- used with indonesian date . in Bukittinggi.ill.no 14.Dai Nippon Sumatra Revenue F-,15 used with Indonesia date in Bukittinggi

 

Feb.8th. 1946

8.2.46

 

Dai Nippon cross overprint Dutch kon.Stamps  added new repoeblik Indonesia overprint (triple overprint0  used  CDS Padang PTT Rep. Indonesia 8.2.46 on Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint.(padang occupied by Republic Indonesia) ill.no 8 .Dai Nippon Postal card without overprint used CDS Padang PTT Rep Indonesia  8.2.46.

Feb.9th 1946(this day my one years birthday) :

ill.no. 9 : 9.2.46 . Dai Nippon Java Postal card without overprint used CDS Solo 9.2.46 -Indonesia date cancelled.(Solo occupied by Rep.Indonesia) (b)

Feb.10th : Dr H.J. van Mook announced the official statement from the Dutch government about the Future of Indonesia government :a. Indonesia Commonwelath consisting with daerah-daerah (areas) with their own governments  as the part of the Dutch Kingdom . b. Everybody who born Indonesia will became the Indonesian state citizens.(Warganegara).c. The Indonesian Government will free administrated their own state alone  . d. There will be the people representative board (badan perwakilan Rakyat0  with one envoy (wakil) from the Royal dutch as the chief of Indonesia state government. e. The transition period in ten years. f. Indonesia will be a member united nation. In this day there were no official meeting between Clark kerr,Sjahrir and van Mook  in order to delivered this official Dutch government statement.

February,10th.1946

 

The Linggajati Agreement was a key political accord in the struggle of Indonesia for Independence. When the Republic of Indonesia proclaimed its independence on August 17, 1945, right after Japanese surrender to the Allies, Colonialist Government of Dutch tried to regain control of the former East Indies by sending more troops to attack Indonesian strongholds. It was noticed that between 1945 and 1949 they undertook two military actions.

In this regard, the freedom fight continued and Dutch military aggressions met with solid resistance from Indonesian troops. Along with military action, the young Republic of Indonesian conducted also a diplomatic offensive against the Dutch. Indonesia raised the Dutch’s invasion to the United Nations and pushed the Dutch Government to negotiate.

In the United Nations, sponsored by the Soviet Unions, the question of Indonesia was discussed in the Security Council.

 

 

Then on February 10, 1946,

 the first official meeting of Indonesian and Dutch representatives took place under the chairmanship of Sir Archibald Clark Kerr.

In terms of negotiation, with the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java

February,11th.1946

Perjuangan Tanjung jabung kuala tungal Jambi

PERIOD IN 1946

A. Consolidation and Reform Pemyempurnaan Civil Government and the Formation of TRI Regiment II Division II Jambi

On February 11, 1946 d Sarolangun TRI officer held a meeting of the Residency Jambi led by Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim, and was attended by Colonel Abunjani.

 

 

As the decision of the meeting is:

1. Formation of the TKR Unitary Residency become TRI Regiment II Jambi Jambi Province.

2. Appoint Lieutenant Colonel Justin Mohd. Isha as a regimental commander II Jambi, which at that time still ”menjabat” as Chief of Police Kersidenan Jambi.

3. Define the rank of the officer who attended the meeting in defenitif from Second Lieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel.

Feb.12th.1946

 

12.2.46 Tax account Office Padang official stamped on the letter to chinese overseas trader at padang pandjang. This official stamped without state government emblem (lambang pemerintah) ,blank, contraversial , this tax office from Government ? -British allied forces, nica-dutch or Rep Indonesia government because the office asked the tax from three era from 1939-1941(Dutch era), 1942-1944(Dai Nippon era), and 1945 -republic Indonesia era. The tax alway must paid to the lattest stete government no excuse the war situation/@copyright Dr iwan S.2010, and what the collectors comment ?

February.14th . 1946

The Indonesia native origin of Indonesia Royal Dutch soldier(KNIL) at Minahasa  were rebelled with the command of Taulu and Wuisan , they succeed to occupied for Republic Indonesia from NICA-Dutch civil administration. The Republic Indonesia administration with RED-WHITE flag at Minahasa only exist 26 days (very rare and historic postal used cover on this period,but never seen until this day) .At March 11th 46 Taula cs  arrested by Dutch during meeting on Dutch warship eit hein’ at Manado port (ibid.PTIK,1952, the information above and below from same source)

February. 17th. 1946

This day Six month Indonesian Independence proclamation day,some interesting collection were issued:

(1)Padang west Sumatra Repobelik Indonesia machinal overprint on DEI with dai Nippon overprint KOn.10 cent stamps.

 

This day  ,the six month Indonesia independence proclamation day anniversary, the earliest used of Padang Machinal overprint “Repoebelik Indonesia” on DEI Konijnenberg 10 cent red ,still used syowa dai Nippon language CDS Loeboek Sikaping 21.2.17(17.2.1946),I found this cover at bukittingi 1985 and I have sold to Mr karel,sorry only fotocopy illustrations exist.

 

I also found postally used postcard from CDS Repoeblik Indonesia Bukittingi 23.4.46,the overprint Repobelik Indonesia on Dai Nippon T overprint on DEI Konijneberger 10 cent

 

 

And postally used registered homemade cover  send from CDS  Painan 163.46,overpirint on Dai Nippon middle Sumatra overprint cross.(the two collections also found at Bukittinggi ,and I have sold to Mr Karel 1n 1985,sorry the illustration fotocopy black ad white)

 

 

 

 

 

 

From Mr Soewil,The Padang Postman during this time,now  he was passed away,and became my collections,

 

The block 23 mint stamps with ORI overpeint.

 

Block ten and single on Dai Nippon and ORI overprint.with other double overprint Dai Nippon T and ORI repoeblic Indonesia overprint(Triple overprint)

Many types overpint on T soematra overprint dai Nippon,

 

 On Dai Nippon Yubin T  Sumatra overprint

 

 

On Dai Nippon middle Sumatra cross

 

On Dai Nippon yubin oblique middle Sumatra

 

Also soewil CTO postal stationer card, Dai Nippon cross and oblique overprint(rare CTO made by the Padang postman Soewil)

 

Information from dai Nippon catalogue

The rare variation print  overprint(one per sheet)

(a)             with vertical line.

 

 

 

 

(b) horizontal line.I seen Mr suwito have this two rare type in pain, I have onle mint verticsl lines

 

 

 

 

© I have also  with the variation Dai Nippon overprint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)            Also the variation of basic Dai Nippon overprint stamps

 

(1)              The  Java Sixth Month Of Independence Issued(Zon 23-24).

Proof exist in various colours,both imperf, and perf 11.The imperf. Stamps is normal colours listed in the catalogue are probably proofs since  used copies of these have not been found.the earliest date used on money order CDS Pekalongan 5,2.6.(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

Other used CDS Djogjakarta 18.2.46

 

 

 

I have found only one postally used card with thi stamp perf. 11,CDS Poerworedjo 8.6.47 to CDS Keboemen 1.7.47,please look care fully this stamp with Indonesian flag red and white in the center because later issued  the same stamp bull without flag .this rare coillection(Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

(3)

The Merdeka newaspaper Jakarta special Issued Sic mont IRepoeblik Indonesia anniversary

 

 

 

Special Edition  issued by Merdeka newspaper Jakarta “Special number edition anniversary six month Indonesia Independence. In this rare journal consist very rare Photo and authography from President,Vice President, Primemenistry. Menister Cabinet I & II, Gouvernour, President Wife Fatmawati, Viece President wife Rahmi , preisdent son Guntur, Gouvenur, Java king, oposititon Tan malaka, senior journalist etc, this vintage Picture and authography will showed later in “Indonesia Independence war Picture &Authography added with my Collections, I hope vintage photography and authography will happy to look at that very rare collections, but must be patient I need time to write and install that collections@copyright Dr iwan S.2010.

The six month annyversary of indonesia indepedence were celebrated at many area in Indonesia. Ill no 11. Vintage Book : Special edition to commemorate six month Indonesia Independence proclamation day by Merdeka newspaper. This rare vintage book consist the photo of all the Indonesian Leader 1945-1946 like President,vice prsident, prime menister, java king (  with their authographys and also menister Kabinet I and II (not complete)   , Gouvernor, Tan malaka profile, the wife of proclamator Fatmawati sukarno  & Rahmi Hatta and senior -jurnalist etc. This photo will showed at “Indonesia Independence War picture/authographed added with my collections” the collectors must be patient becuase to much to showed only by me alone need many hours times working. I hope the photgraphy and authography collector wil be happy to look at the very rare illustr

 

 Cover illustration

 

 

speaking(sambutan) and handsign

 

 

(c)             Kata Sambutan Vice President Hatta and handsigned

 

(d)            (e)Sambutan and handsigned Mangkoeneoro VIIII

(e)             ( f) Sambutan and handsigne St Sjahril

(f)              ,prime menistry Melaokekan Rewvoloesi dengan Pengertian(g) Kata sambutan Pakoe Boewono(h) Wassiat Pemimpin Bung Karno,Hatta and Sjahrir

 

 

(i)the first NRI Cabinet

 

 

The first NRI cabinet(presientiil cabinet or Sukarno cabinet)

 

 

(g)            

 

 

(j) The second Cabinet with illustration(k) illustration Bung Karno  and bung hatta in the middle of Family

 

(l) The great (agung)NRI Gouverment inspection the people situation(m) Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX Jogyakarta pictures.(n) Sumatra during 6 month Independence(o) The dismiss(pembubaran) the NRO secondr Cabinet Sjahrir,.(the complete illustration will add in the e-book on CDRom,special for  premium member)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President Sukarno and family illustrations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February,18th.1946

The Fragment of Used Dai Nippon stamp used as revenue at bukitttinggi

 

February,19th.1946

The dai Nippon Stamp without NRI overprint used on complete document(very rare)

 

Feb.19th 1946:

Non official meeting between  prime enister St Sjahrir and van Mook were announced but the source not found. Dutch announced to have the meeting with republic but Republic Indonesia not yet answered. (ibid PTIK,1952)

Feb. 21th.1946

(a)To answered the dutch government official statement, the KNIP (Center Indonesia  National comittee) have annouced that Only Republic Indonesia have authority in all Indonesia area.

(b) RAPWI  BATAVIA POSTALLY USED COVER

The postally used cover send from Sergeant marinir BA Olymmyulder M 4393,Royal Netherlands Marine Corps Brigade I Bataljon Cie.A p.a. Marine Postkantoor Batavia-C Ned oost Indie, free stamp military post, with RAPWI Post Kantoor Batvia CDS 21 Feb 46 to Roterdam Nederland.RAPWI  means Rescue of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees.(rare cover)

 

 

 

and look  the picture of Repoeblic Indonesia TRI(Military) help the RAPWI Prisoner Of War(POW) move from cam to their homeland by TRI truck.

RAPWI Official Travel Permit and Pass form unused.

 

 

 

also the Royal dutc Marien pantser picture in 1946

Dutch marines in Indonesia, 1946

 

Feb.22th : The complete KNIP meeting with Mr Asaat as the chief(ketua) at Solo have discussed about the authority(beleid) of Sjahrir cabinet..”Persatuan Perdjoeangan “(Unity Revolt , the leader Tan Malaka)  opposition in KNIP have very strong (demikian hebat) that is why Sjahrir cabinate was falling down(jatuh). The British Allied forces begun to back home ( mjulai mengundurkan diri) from Indonesia (ibid PTIK,1952)

February,24th.1946

Inauguration of the Second Division II TRI Regiment Edinburgh and the inauguration of the officers will be held in the city of Jambi on February 24, 1946.

Structure and Core Personalian Regiment II / Division II Jambi is:

1. Commander: Lt. Col. Teuku Mohd. Jesus

2. Chief of Staff: Captain R. A. Rachman Kadipan

HQ Regiment II / Second Division based in Jambi Jambi.

Second Division Commander Colonel Hasan Kasim South Sumatra on February 24, 1946 inaugurated the Second Regiment, Second Division TRI Edinburgh and induct the officers of the rank of Second Lieutenant to the top, place in the field Tungkal Straat (now terminal oplet Rawasari city) Jambi city.

In April 1946, to complement the shortage of personnel Regiment II, Division II, Edinburgh, at the request of the Regiment Commander II has received additional personnel from the Second Division are:

Bureau II Strategy
Lt. A. Roni

Second Lieutenant M. Nawawi

Lieutenant Young Mukhtar

Military Police
Lieutenant R. Sumardi

Young Lieutenant Idris Saman

Lieutenant W. Young Sumardi

B. Terbentuknua Navy of the Republic of Indonesia (ALRI)

Due to violations of the territory of Indonesia by the Dutch war ships in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and provocation as well as the interception of a passing motor boat, then from Palembang in South Sumatra brought an army of ALRI. ALRI troop strength is 15 people with him Lieutenant Commander (Sea) Sanusi, between 7 (seven) people stationed at the port of Kuala Tungkal with major Sersa Commander (Sea) Arwansyah and the remainder placed in the port city of ALRI Kasang Jambi (Jambi Pertamina now ship port )

With the increasingly precarious situation of the struggle, in September 1948 the Navy base was transferred entirely to Kuala Tungkal, while the base is part of Jambi ALRI ALRI unit based in New Boom palembang dnegan Kaptem Commander (Sea) Sarongsong.

VII.The Center Of Indonesia Republic Stare(NRI) Moved To Jogya in 1946

 

 

 

 

March 1946

“Social War” breaks out in Batak areas of Sumatra. Local rulers are accused of collaborating with the Dutch.Tan Malaka and Persatuan Perjuangan increase criticism of Sjahrir

 

 

Alamanak Perjaungan Indonesia bulan Maret 1946 
Pada Alamanak ini tertulis informasi sebagai berikut :

 

a. Tema lukisan alamanak dengan narasi Mengapa Beras dikirim ke Jepang sedangkan Rakyat Indonesia miskin dan kelaparan.

b. kronologis situasi Indonesia bulan Nopember dan Desember 1945 :

(a) 28.11.45 :British attack Chinine Fabric in Bandoeng
(b) Early Dec.45 : The Battle at Soerabaja,Semarang,Djakarta,Bandoeng and Ambarawa.
(c) 5.12.45 : The People occupying Banjoebiroe Fort
(d) 8.12.45 : Bogor attack by Enemy(BritisH Allied Forces)
(e) 9.12.45 : Soekaboemi were Boombing
(f) 14.12.45 : The People occupying Ambarawa
(g) 17.12.45 : The British Allied Forces burn Bekasi
(h) 25.12.45 : Solo develop the Native Red-soldiers
and the threads of NRI Prime Menistry’s life.
(i) 27.1.2.45 : Also The threads of Menistry of
informations(NRI)’s life.

c.Pernnyataan Bung Karno:

Three hundreds years or more than one thousand years (occupied by Colianialism) cann’t off the Peoples right to lived Independence.
In other to have that Rights again , we are ready to accept all the national country’s difficulties and unhapinnes situations.
Anytimes we are ready to sacrifice for the Motherland.(free tranlate by Dr iwan S.)

By March 1946

 the struggle front had been weakened by resignations and defections. Emboldened in its newly won support, the Republican government then launched a counter coup effectively pre-empting the emergence of a socialist current in the nationalist revolution.

2) DR OEI BOEN ING SOLO’S RECEIPT OF PATIENT BILLING
Illustration Caption  Oen Revenue 1946.


 

DR OEI BOEN ING SOLO’S RECEIPT OF PATIENT BILLING
Illustration Caption  Oen Revenue 1946.

The receipt still used the Dai Nippon Java revenue without overprint (late used).

 
:::dr.Oen Boen Ing :::

Dr. Oen Boen Ing became involved in polyclinics Jisheng Tsi Sheng Yuan Yuanturned, When the war of independence came,polyclinics turned into makeshift hospitals, accommodating the fighters and refugees.

According to the testimony Soelarso, Chairman of the Society of Ex-Army Student Detachment Rumpun II Brigade XVII, “… regardless of the shot Netherlands, Dr Oen and out of military areas to treat the soldiers …”

(Name of clinic or Jisheng Tsi Sheng Yuan Yuan
it means the Institute of Life Rescue. This clinic was founded by eight young men who joined the Chinese Tsing Hua Chiao Hui Nien (abbreviated HCTNH),
which means Chinese Youth Association. They are Jap Kioe Ong, Tan Kiong Djien, The Tjhioe Tik, Sie Ngo Spot, Sie Boen Tik, Gan Kok Sien, Tiauw Tan An, and Jap Pole Liem.
In 1935 Dr. Oen Boen Ing became involved in the ministry of the clinic and subsequently became the founding pemprakarsa Health Foundation Tsi Sheng Yuan)

Angka tiga punya makna penting
Sebagai dokter, Oen Boen Ing terkenal tidak membeda-bedakan pasiennya, apapun juga kelompok etnis, suku, agama, dan kelas sosialnya. Bahkan pasien dibiarkannya mengisi ataupun tidak mengisi kotak uang yang terletak di ruang praktiknya secara suka rela. “Tugas seorang dokter adalah menolong,” demikian semboyan kehidupan dan pelayanan Dr. Oen.

Selain itu, Dr. Oen selalu membuka praktiknya sejak pk. 3.00 dini hari. Konon ini dihubungkan dengan hari kelahirannya, 3 Maret 1903. “Maka semua karya saya sebaiknya dimulai dengan angka 3,” begitu katanya. Angka tiga memang menjadi ciri kehidupan Dr. Oen Boen Ing. Nomor telepon di rumahnya 3333.

Bangunan pertama di Rumah Sakit Kandang Sapi yang didirikannya, dinamai Triganda, dan diresmikan pada 3 Maret 1963.

Ketika Dr. Oen meninggal dunia pada 1982, rakyat banyak sungguh merasakan kehilangan yang besar. Hal ini tampak dari kehadiran ribuan rakyat kecil kepadanya yang berdiri di tepi jalan untuk memberikan penghormatan mereka yang terakhir kepada orang yang telah berjasa memberikan kehidupan yang lebih sehat kepada mereka di tengah-tengah keberadaan mereka yang serba kekurangan.

Penghargaan
Karena jasa-jasanya dan pengabdiannya yang tanpa pamrih kepada masyarakat, Dr. Oen Boen Ing mendapatkan penghargaan Satya Lencana Bhakti Sosial dari pemerintah Republik Indonesia pada 30 Oktober 1979. Beliau juga dianugerahi gelar kebangsawanan oleh Sri Mangkunegoro VIII Solo, dengan nama Kanjeng Raden Toemenggoeng Oen Boen Ing Darmohoesodo. Pada 24 Januari 1993 Sri Mangkunegoro IX menaikkan gelarnya dari Kanjeng Raden Toemenggoeng menjadi Kanjeng Raden Mas Toemenggoeng Hario Oen Boen Ing Darmohoesodo

Dr Iwan Notes


Dr Oei Boen Ing in his lattest life have help many Indonesian poor patients like Becak drivers with free of charge for his private medical practise at his own home almost 30 years ( in this patient billing he charge only 200 Rupiah from March 1945 to February 1946 consultation and medicines).

Dr Oei Boen Ing were the Medical doctor hero in Solo and his name was using to the name of a big NGO Hospital at Solo. (Dr Iwan S suggest Indnesian Menistry of Health suggest to the Indonesian President SBY to honor him as the Indonesia National Health Hero in August ,17th. 2010 ,may be together with another Tionghoa (ex Chinese Overseas) National hero like Indonesia naval heros John Lee ).

This very rare memoriable cover was better to show in special frame at Dr Oei Boen Ing Hospital Solo, if the hospital want that show during Indonesian Indepence Day 65 years Anniversary in August,17th 2010 please

NRI defense fund label(Bakti Pertahanan) f.10, block four.

 

Bakti pertahanan were the people tax for komite basional Indonesia at village,rare collection,found at padang pandjang,

28th of February 1946:

 

 The British presented the new Dutch counterproposal to Indonesian delegation on 28th of February 1946:

 

it envisaged recognition of “an Indonesian republic on Java that would remain part of a federal Indonesian state, which was, in turn, a constituent part of the Kingdom of Netherlands.”

Indonesian counterproposal accepted part of the proposed terms, but insisted that Sumatra would have to be included to the territory of the Republic so that the new state could become economically viable, and that the rest of the territories would have to have subordinate status within the new state.

 

Additionally they insisted that any treaty would have to be enacted between equal sovereign states rather than between former colony and a government representing the old metropolitan regime.

 

When van Mook once again wired the latest development to London, he went to great lengths to persuade his enraged colleagues that this was indeed “take it or leave it”-offer they had no effective power to alter.

 

The new Attlee Government in Britain wanted to use the impending withdrawal of their troops to finally brownbeat the uppity Dutch, in the meantime ensuring that both sides came to agreement by pressuring the Indonesians into accepting the Republic as a constituent part of the Kingdom and the Dutch to include Sumatra as a part of the Republic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 1946

 

Postal used Dai Nippon naval postal stationer with additional 3 cent CDS den Pasar to Soerabiaia in March 1946

March,1st.1946(b)

Fragment  Dai Nippon Sumatra definitive used without overprind as revenue at Boekittinggi

March 2nd’ 1946

 

Stamps as Revenue 1946

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE WAR COLLECTION
MARCH 1946


Amphibious landing by Dutch (KNIL) troops at Sanur beach, Bali, March 1946.

MARCH 2nd 1946

1. The Central Indonesia national Committee(KNI-pusat) meeting have appointed St Sjahril to built the Cabinet.
The 3rd indonesia Cabinet with 14 menistries :
(1) Prime Menistery : St Sjarir


(2) Internal country affair menistery : Dr Sudarsono
(3) International Affairs menistry : St Sjahrir
(4) Defend Menisttry : Mr Amir Sjarifuddin

2. NRI(Indonesia) Prime Menistry St.Sjahrir profile this day(ill 1 caption St Sjahrir 1946)

3. The latest used on document Dai Nippon Sumatra definitif stamps without overprint as Revenue 1-3-46 at the NRI area Bukittinggi,(ill 2 caption Stamp as Revenue 1946).

March,3th.1946

At the beginning of 1946 was also the position of central gonernment moved to Bukittinggi West Sumatra. In times of transition mutations occur in Several Positions of Police of West Sumatra. Commissioner of Police I Became Chief of Police Darwin Karim Residency West Sumatra.Effective as of March 3, 1946, Johny Anwar got a job taking office the Chief of Police Affairs with the rank of Padang City Police Commissioner II.

March,7th.1946

The original  Padang Tax office letter with hoemade paper.cover and letter send by courier.

’March,7th.1946.

 

THE RARE EARLIEST DUTCH NICA POSTAL USED COVER SEND FROM CDA 7.4.46 PANGKAL PINANG  BANGKA TO BATAVIA WITH CHINESE ADDRESS

March,11th.1946

The rare Dai Nippon Jva postal sationer 5 cent postally used expres mail with add  ovtp Repoblic Indonenesia  on overprint Dai nippon jave on DEI dancer stamp  from Pasoeroean to  Malang

Look the other  used off and framgmen M.O of the other series of NRI java double overprint on DN java stamps.(two pictures b)

March,12th.1946

Sjahrir publicly replies to Van Mook’s offer of February, demanding immediate recognition of Indonesia’s sovereignty without delay.


Sutan Sjahrir


Sjahrir had been a leading figure in the independence movement in the 1930s, and had spent time in the Boven Digul concentration camp. He organized the governments of the new Republic in 1945-1947, and spent a great deal of energy in negotiations with the Dutch.To some, Sjahrir was a respectable voice of moderation with an educated, Western outlook on things.

In his time, he was criticized both by Communists and by Army nationalists for being allegedly “pro-Dutch”. (Among other things, Sjahrir had married a Dutch woman when he was a young student in the Netherlands.) Conversely, Sjahrir was a critic of those who he felt had worked too closely with the Japanese, implicitly criticizing Sukarno as well.

 

The OVW battalion 1-8 RI is derived from the Interior Forces of Region 6 (Veluwe) and Region 5 (Achterhoek). After the training the battalion under the command of the 21st Army Group in Germany for monitoring tasks. Far as it did not. Through England, where the battalion was equipped with the necessary equipment, the battalion went to India. As the commander of the Southeast Asia Command (SEAC), the Admiral Mountbatten, from November 2, 1945 a landing ban on Java and Sumatra for Dutch troops had set was migrated to Malaya. This ban was lifted in March 1946. Shortly after arrival at Batavia on 12 March 1946 the battalion moved to Mr.. Cornelis. After about one week began posting the battalion to take over the British Indian Gurkhas in the sector Klender.


Control by 1-8 at RI station Klender infiltration Source: Guys act (J 279-10)

Through daily patrols and the surrounding villages to purify calm was again somewhat in this area. On 7 June the battalion took part in a cleansing action in relation brigade in the area between Klender and Pondok Gedeh. Four days later the battalion occupied Bekasi and posts were set up to Krandji, and Tjakoeng Oedjoengmenteng. In July the battalion to the area around Tangerang. On November 24 the battalion departed, after being relieved by elements of the “7 December Division”, to Padang on Sumatra middle. There the battalion deployed to guard barracks and city patrols and provided the guards at important buildings and objects such as the hospital, the fuel storage and the prison. Soon began the purification of several villages such as in Padang, Jawa and Baharoe Dalam. As a result there was an improvement in December, and it was a lot calmer and safer in the city. Gradually the “Haantjes” will henceforth be applied to items on the edge and outside Padang.

During the first police action began the battalion on the night of 20 on July 21, 1947 with the arrest of subversives and members of the NRA city police. The NRA’s managed buildings and institutions were also occupied and taken over. Also, the battalion went on to Boengoesbaai south of Padang. In the further course of action the battalion remained in reserve and was used wherever necessary. This was just the case with Loeboek Aloeng, north of Padang on Aug. 4 with an RJ-occupied to the constant threat of infiltration from the north to counter. In October 1947 the battalion took the items to include Loeboek Boeaja, Baringin, Loeboek Aloeng and Pasar Oesang about 1 RJ-northwest of Padang. Here the battalion remained until repatriation.

Established:
15/06/1945 Ermelo

Leaving England:
10/15/1945 Aldershot

Leaving India:
28/10/1945 a / b “New Amsterdam”

Check in Malacca:
11/20/1945 Kuala Ketjil

Check in India:
Batavia 08/03/1946

Added to:
T.T.C. West Java, * T.T.C. Central Sumatra

Classified by:
U-Brigade (B division)

Action area (s):
Batavia, Padang *

Commander:
Maj. W. Spiering 15-06-1945/07-06-1948

Repatriated:
24/04/1948 a / b “John v. oldebarneveldt”
18.05.1948 arrival Netherlands

Killed:
25 people

Nickname:
Veluwe Battalion, the “Haantjes”

At the village of Bekassi, 15 miles from Batavia in Java, the bodies of 20 Indian infantrymen and 5 Royal Air Force personnel killed by nationalist fighters after the crash landing of a Dakota transport aircraft near the village are uncovered and prepared for exhumation.

An Indonesian woman is questioned during an operation to capture nationalist fighters who killed 20 Indian infantrymen and 5 Royal Air Force aircrew after the crash landing of a Dakota transport aircraft near the village of Bekassi, 15 miles from Batavia in Java.

Indian troops with four armed Indonesians captured at Bekassi before the village was burnt as a reprisal for the murder of five members of the Royal Air Force and twenty Maharatta riflemen whose Dakota transport aircraft crash landed near the village.

sumber Imperial war musseum

 

 

 

 

March,14th.1946

 

uncommon without Republic ovpt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Look the closed up

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The extreme rare west Sumatra  red RepInd Overprint

Only one ever report in the worldcompare with uncommon black overprint below

 

 

 

 

 

uncommon black overprint

 

 

 

 

Buy corn for poor people

 

Rare pati revenue

 

 

 

 

On 14th of March

the final rounds of Indonesian-Dutch negotiations finally brought the two sides into final agreement in the resort of Linggadjati.

The de facto authority of the Republic if Indonesia over Java, Madura and Sumatra was recognized, and the governments of the Repulic and the Netherlands agreed to cooperate in the establishment of “a sovereign democratic state on the basis of a federation called the United States of Indonesia.

Once again the devil was in the details, since the Indonesian inclusion of word “sovereign” had effectively undermined the earlier Dutch proposal of a Netherlands-Indonesian Union headed by the Queen of the Netherlands.

The agreement was initialled on the same day, but remained subject to ratification by Republican parliament. On a wider scale it was clear that the military situation in the region was deteriorating, with Indonesian and Dutch politicians finding it hard to control their armed forces and commanders in the field as the British troops were being pulled out.


Tan Malaka was temporarily outmanouvred by strong-hand tactics of Sukarno, but he was still far too popular political figure to just disappear without a trace, and was merely temporarily imprisoned.

Within the Republic, the government hastily started to promote the merits of the agreement. Hatta described it as a springboard for the next phase in the campaign to create a sovereign Indonesian republic that would control the entire Dutch East Indies.

This failed to dampen all opposition, but Sukarno soon went ahead and promptly ordered Tan Malaka and other top leaders of the Unified Front to be arrested and simultaneously extented the parliamentary representation of the Republic to include all areas of NEI by immediately appointing new temporary governors for Borneo and the Great East. In practice and as a sign of things to come, these new representatives were all residents of Java and strong supporters of Sukarno.

The result was an assured pro-agreement majority and a clear signal that Sukarno would be both willing to play rough, and that he would not be content with a final agreement confining the Republic on Java and Sumarta. Both parties signed the basic terms of the Linggadjati Agreement on 25th of March 1946, three days after the official end of WWII.

Yet even before this the Dutch exiles had been doing the best they could to give them some kind of an alternative power base in NEI after the peace in Europe had left them effectively without homeland and future. In practice they had taken steps to create other “states” to act as counterweights to the Republic within the proposed USI.

 But while the Dutch navy continued to blockade the ports of the Republic and KNIL sought to bolster its ranks by any means necessary, van Mook was quick to take contact to Sjahrir and propose that the next step in implementing the Linggadjati Agreement would be the formation of an interim federal government, including representatives from the Republic, other “Indonesian states” and from the crown.

 A Council of Foreign Affairs would be constructed on a similar manner, and a Directorate of Internal Security would have to be set up so that a new joint Indonesian-Dutch gendarmerie could start to maintain law and order across the Indonesian archipelago.

In this situation the Dutch government-in-exile theoretized that they currently had four possible courses of action.
1.) Implement the agreement in full by conceding total control of Java, Sumatra and Madura to the nationalists.
2.) Try to persuade the the Republican government that a United States of Indonesia would best fulfil their nationalist aims.
3.) The third promoted option, use of armed force to crush the Republic, was quickly ruled out as military unfeasible and politically suicidal.


4.) and the final option was to surrender the entire problem for outside settlement before an outbreak of full-scale civil war. Even though the first option represented major political and military “defeat” and was still unacceptable to conservative members of the government, it was soon concluded that the second option was equally unlikely to find any real support among Republican leadership and that the Dutch simply lacked power to implement the third.


Republican armed forces were steadily gaining strength, while the Dutch government was increasingly hard-pressed to provide supplies and funding for KNIL.

Luckily for the Dutch, the American response to the ongoing crisis in the Dutch East Indies changed dramatically after the Zürich Accord was signed.

 Faced with the possibility of an all-out war and total breakup of Netherland East Indies, the Americans abandoned their policy of neutrality in the dispute as a part of the postwar foreign policy reform initiated by President Truman.

 On a wider scale traditional US anticolonianism was now tempered and modified by new-found desire to defend and promote the American core values of free markets, democracy and individualism through the globe outside the new German sphere of interest.

 In this respect it is understandable that the officials of State Department regarded that the Linggadjati Agreement was a godsent – a negotiated settlement between a former colonial power and an indigenous independence movement – and the Americans were keen to make it work in practice as well.

In concert with London they demanded modifications to the agreement to make the details more acceptable for Republic, and most importantly offered financial aid to assist Indonesia’s economic rehabilitation.

The State Department was thus more or less forcing the hand of the Dutch exiles. British government, in turn, was quick to state that they were more than willing to act as a neutral arbiter in the situation and made and offer of good offices to both parties. Based on this the UN Comittee of Good Offices (UNCGO) was organized within the recently established new world organization to settle the Indonesian question.

Each party in the conflict nominated one member and these two nominated the third. The Dutch nominated Belgium (Belgian government-in-exile to be more precise), the Republic nominated Australia and these two then brought in the USA.

For Indonesian nationalists this high-profile diplomacy provided further boost to their profile and local prestige. The Republic was recognized as a party to the international dispute among the former Allies in the UN, and its representatives led by Sjahrir represented their state in the ensuing debates. The only drawback for them was the fact that representatives from Dutch-propped Indonesian state of South Moluccas were also brought in.

The UNCGO arrived on Jakarta on May 1946, after a further Security Council resolution bolstered the official ceasefire that had been declared between KNIL and Indonesian armed factions as a part of Linggadjati Agreement,

but had since then been broken several times on local by both sides. Soon it was agreed that the following negotiations should take place at a neutral venue, and USS Renville soon sailed to the region from Okinawa. Led by Frank Porter Graham, UNCGO devised a new set of proposals

and increased State Department frustration to the unrealistic attitudes of Dutch government made the US to wield a big stick: in “strong informal representations” on the Dutch Embassy in Washington it was made clear that unless Graham’s proposals and political program would be accepted and implemented in full, the promised economic help for Dutch government would never materialize.

 

 

Kenyataan ini memperkuat tekad sumitro hadikusumo  untuk melawan Belanda dalam mempertahankan proklamasi kemerdekaan RI. Bersama Perdana Menteri Sutan Sjahrir, Sumitro dan Zairin pada 14 Maret 1946 menyusun argumentasi baru untuk menghadapi diplomasi Belanda.

(sumitro)

March,16th.1946

 

The complete  document with wage(loon or Oepah) Tax  with overprint repoeblik indonesia on dai nippon and dutch wage tax.

and unused Wade Tax Dai Nippon with rep.Indonesia overprin(may be fake overprint  becaus ethis revenue never overprint,please comment)

 

 

 

Unused typemachine overprint Republik Indonesia on Dai Nipponwage revenue

After this NRI Java issued meterai oepah(wage salary revenue),

 

 I only have the unussued collection which not known when the first used and what area,may be in 1946 or 1947,who have the used on document please contact me via my web blog

Hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

-Dr Iwan Note

March 17th.1946

On 17 March 1946,Tan Malaka and other struggle leaders were arrested – according to recent Indonesian writing  – by Republican forces on the orders of Sukarno. In the same month, the local chairman of the communist party (PKI) was also arrested.

Sjahrir and Sjarifuddin pull their followers out of Persatuan Perjuangan, arrest Tan Malaka and others.

 Tan Malaka is held in jail until September 1948.

Sjahrir secretly agrees with Dutch to negotiate for Republican control of Java, Madura and Sumatra only, in a political union with the Netherlands, Curaçao and Surinam.

 


Amir Sjarifuddin had been involved in the movements for Indonesian independence since the late 1930s.

During World War II, he led a small underground resistance against the Japanese occupation. He served with Sutan Sjahrir in several early governments of the Republic.

Just before the “Madiun incident” of September 1948, he revealed that he had been a secret member of the PKI for some time.

After the failed Communist revolt at Madiun, he was captured and executed by the military

 

March,19th.1946

The Dai Nippon  Malang Hyakkarten form use for recieved money  with NRI revenue -,15 cent.

 

March,25th.1946

The Bandoeng Information(ibid winkler,1948)

Before this happened (March 25, 1946) was terrorisiten the said part of the city on fire and then leave. Zeer together long restoring the city is now of the damage. The Laboratoria and collections with the Technisce University communicate, were for the most part on damage to his left and education warded modestly resumed the gebeek to arbeidakrachten and the still uncertain relationships restrict economic activity, textile companies are again run, and some other bedrijjes 9rubberwaren, paraffin candles). The small manufacturing plant raises her relapse. Overall they work to restore the meaning of the houses, which she thanks to its convenient location and climate had acquired the Geode will recover (DR O.kuperus)

 

 

Original info in dutch language

Voor dit gebeurde(25 maart 1946) werd door terrorisiten het genocmde gedeelte van de stad in brand gestoken en daarna verlaten. Zdeer langsaam herstelt de stad zich thans van de toegebrachte schade. De Laboratotia en verzamelingen die met de Technisce Hogeschool in verbinding staan,bleken voor het merendeel on beschadigd  te zijn gebleven en het onderwijs weerd op bescheiden schaal hervat, het gebeek aan arbeidakrachten en de nog steeds onzekere verhoudingen beperken de economische activiteit, textielbedrijven zijn weer in werking gesteld , evenals enkele andere bedrijjes 9rubberwaren,paraffinekaarsen). De kleinefabriek heft haar productie herval. Overall werkt men aan het herstel der huizen betekenis,die ze dank zij haar gunstige ligging en het geode klimaat had verkregen zal herwinnen(DR O.kuperus)

March,26th.1946

The recieved  of  koedoes and salatiga Study Fund from donatur  by IPI-ikatan peladjar Indonesia(Indonesia student association) with official choped on Rep.Indonesia revenue  -.15 sen

 

 

March,27th.1946

(a)The dai nippon Letter revenue(kertas meterai) 2604 padjak-segel used on  march,27th.1946

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b) Aceh kutaradja newspaper:”Semangat Merdeka” with some info

(a) Presiden and Vice President may be Visit Sumatra.

 

(b) The Indonesian Youngman with”Gemas” against English at Bandoeng

According to British news we heard last night said that Bandoeng had been occupied by the British. He said the action was carried out on the orders of supreme leader to mewnghentikan combustion (for re-enforce the Dutch colonization) are not useful and mortars firing on British troops and the former Allied Prisoners of War and internees (acting as kkai hand NICA). Action was achieved in 1 day and before the movement started by British forces, about 2 hours continuously England gave to the armed threat to leave the area or submit senjatanya.Beribu-thousand letters Distribution (phmaflet) deployed in the area south Bandoeng and loudspeakers every hour to deliver the threat. TRI that have the discipline to tell that they would leave the south, large segrombolan tertapi armed youths explained that they will not leave the place tersebut.Pemuda was originally intended to do the burning of houses and banguna stau night before the British troops advanced, but kemarisn said that the next news they get away, residents lose home-banyakibanyak tangga.Dilaporkan that the extrimis destroy 20% of the building, local leaders are not under orders to stay regular duties sepewrti (DR Iwan Note, these events are written lagus struggle memebrikan inspiration in Bandung, such as South Bandung, Hello-Hallo Bandung Bandung and write the South Lake of Fire)

 

 

original uinfo

Menurut berita Inggeris yang kita dengar tadi malam mengatakan bahwa Bandoeng telah diduduki oleh Inggris.

Katanya  tindakan itu dilakukan  atas perintah Pimpinan tertinggi untuk mewnghentikan pembakaran(untuk menegakkan  penjajahan Belanda kembali) yang tidak berguna dan penembakan mortir  atas pasukan Inggris dan bekas  Tawanan Perang Sekutu dan Interniran(bertindak sebagai kkai tangan NICA).

Tindakan itu tercapai  dalam 1 hari dan sebelum gerakan dimulai oleh pasukan Inggris,sekitar 2 hari  terus-menerus Inggris  memberikan ancaman kepada  kaum yang bersenjata supaya meninggalkan daerah tersebut atau menyerahkan senjatanya.

Beribu-ribu surat  Sebaran(phmaflet) disebarkan  didaerah selatan Bandoeng dan  pengeras suara setiap jam untuk  memberikan ancaman.

TRI yang  mempunyai tata tertib memberitahukan  bahwa mereka  akan meninggalkan daerah selatan, tertapi  segrombolan besar pemuda  yang bersenjata lengkap menerangkan,bahwa mereka tidak akan meninggalkan tempat tersebut.Pemuda tersebut semula berniat  melakukan pembakaran terhadap rumah-rumah  dan banguna stau malam sebelum pasukan Inggris maju,tetapi  kemarisn kata  berita itu 

selanjutnya mereka menyingkir diri,banyakibanyak penduduk kehilangan rumah-tangga.Dilaporkan bahwa  kaum extrimis  membinasakan 20% dari bangunan,pemimpin daerah tidak menurut perintah  untuk tetap tinggal menjalankan tugas sepewrti biasa(DR Iwan Note,

kejadian ini memebrikan inpirasi ditulisnya lagus perjuangan di bandung,seperti

 

 Bandung Selatan,Halo-Hallo Bandung dan tulis Bandung Selatan Lautan Api)

 

Read more

March,23th.1946

Candung Lautan Api

Sumber Wiki

Bandung Lautan Api

Bagian dari Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia

 

Tanggal

23 Maret 1946

Lokasi

Bandung

Hasil

Tentara Rakyat Indonesia mundur dari Bandung

Pihak yang terlibat

Indonesia

Inggris

Komandan

Muhammad Toha

Brigadir MacDonald

Peristiwa Bandung Lautan Api adalah peristiwa kebakaran besar yang terjadi di kota Bandung, provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia pada 24 Maret 1946. Dalam waktu tujuh jam, sekitar 200.000 penduduk Bandung[1] membakar rumah mereka, meninggalkan kota menuju pegunungan di daerah selatan Bandung. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mencegah tentara Sekutu dan tentara NICA Belanda untuk dapat menggunakan kota Bandung sebagai markas strategis militer dalam Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Latar belakang

Pasukan Inggris bagian dari Brigade MacDonald tiba di Bandung pada tanggal 12 Oktober 1945. Sejak semula hubungan mereka dengan pemerintah RI sudah tegang. Mereka menuntut agar semua senjata api yang ada di tangan penduduk, kecuali TKR dan polisi, diserahkan kepada mereka. Orang-orang Belanda yang baru dibebaskan dari kamp tawanan mulai melakukan tindakan-tindakan yang mulai mengganggu keamanan. Akibatnya, bentrokan bersenjata antara Inggris dan TKR tidak dapat dihindari. Malam tanggal 24 November 1945, TKR dan badan-badan perjuangan melancarkan serangan terhadap kedudukan-kedudukan Inggris di bagian utara, termasuk Hotel Homann dan Hotel Preanger yang mereka gunakan sebagai markas. Tiga hari kemudian, MacDonald menyampaikan ultimatum kepada Gubernur Jawa Barat agar Bandung Utara dikosongkan oleh penduduk Indonesia, termasuk pasukan bersenjata.

 

 

Monumen Bandung lautan api

Ultimatum Tentara Sekutu agar Tentara Republik Indonesia (TRI, TNI kala itu) meninggalkan kota Bandung mendorong TRI untuk melakukan operasi “bumihangus“. Para pejuang pihak Republik Indonesia tidak rela bila Kota Bandung dimanfaatkan oleh pihak Sekutu dan NICA. Keputusan untuk membumihanguskan Bandung diambil melalui musyawarah Madjelis Persatoean Perdjoangan Priangan (MP3) di hadapan semua kekuatan perjuangan pihak Republik Indonesia, pada tanggal 24 Maret 1946[2]. Kolonel Abdoel Haris Nasoetion selaku Komandan Divisi III TRI mengumumkan hasil musyawarah tersebut dan memerintahkan evakuasi Kota Bandung.[rujukan?] Hari itu juga, rombongan besar penduduk Bandung mengalir panjang meninggalkan kota Bandung dan malam itu pembakaran kota berlangsung.

Bandung sengaja dibakar oleh TRI dan rakyat setempat dengan maksud agar Sekutu tidak dapat menggunakan Bandung sebagai markas strategis militer. Di mana-mana asap hitam mengepul membubung tinggi di udara dan semua listrik mati. Tentara Inggris mulai menyerang sehingga pertempuran sengit terjadi. Pertempuran yang paling besar terjadi di Desa Dayeuhkolot, sebelah selatan Bandung, di mana terdapat gudang amunisi besar milik Tentara Sekutu. Dalam pertempuran ini Muhammad Toha dan Ramdan, dua anggota milisi BRI (Barisan Rakjat Indonesia) terjun dalam misi untuk menghancurkan gudang amunisi tersebut. Muhammad Toha berhasil meledakkan gudang tersebut dengan dinamit. Gudang besar itu meledak dan terbakar bersama kedua milisi tersebut di dalamnya. Staf pemerintahan kota Bandung pada mulanya akan tetap tinggal di dalam kota, tetapi demi keselamatan mereka, maka pada pukul 21.00 itu juga ikut dalam rombongan yang mengevakuasi dari Bandung. Sejak saat itu, kurang lebih pukul 24.00 Bandung Selatan telah kosong dari penduduk dan TRI. Tetapi api masih membubung membakar kota, sehingga Bandung pun menjadi lautan api.

Pembumihangusan Bandung tersebut dianggap merupakan strategi yang tepat dalam Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia karena kekuatan TRI dan milisi rakyat tidak sebanding dengan kekuatan pihak Sekutu dan NICA yang berjumlah besar. Setelah peristiwa tersebut, TRI bersama milisi rakyat melakukan perlawanan secara gerilya dari luar Bandung. Peristiwa ini mengilhami lagu Halo, Halo Bandung yang nama penciptanya masih menjadi bahan perdebatan.

Beberapa tahun kemudian, lagu “Halo, Halo Bandung” secara resmi ditulis, menjadi kenangan akan emosi yang para pejuang kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia alami saat itu, menunggu untuk kembali ke kota tercinta mereka yang telah menjadi lautan api.

[sunting] Asal istilah

Istilah Bandung Lautan Api menjadi istilah yang terkenal setelah peristiwa pembumihangusan tersebut. Jenderal A.H Nasution adalah Jenderal TRI yang dalam pertemuan di Regentsweg (sekarang Jalan Dewi Sartika), setelah kembali dari pertemuannya dengan Sutan Sjahrir di Jakarta, memutuskan strategi yang akan dilakukan terhadap Kota Bandung setelah menerima ultimatum Inggris tersebut.

 

“Jadi saya kembali dari Jakarta, setelah bicara dengan Sjahrir itu. Memang dalam pembicaraan itu di Regentsweg, di pertemuan itu, berbicaralah semua orang. Nah, disitu timbul pendapat dari Rukana, Komandan Polisi Militer di Bandung. Dia berpendapat, “Mari kita bikin Bandung Selatan menjadi lautan api.” Yang dia sebut lautan api, tetapi sebenarnya lautan air.” – A.H Nasution, 1 Mei 1997

Istilah Bandung Lautan Api muncul pula di harian Suara Merdeka tanggal 26 Maret 1946. Seorang wartawan muda saat itu, yaitu Atje Bastaman, menyaksikan pemandangan pembakaran Bandung dari bukit Gunung Leutik di sekitar Pameungpeuk, Garut. Dari puncak itu Atje Bastaman melihat Bandung yang memerah dari Cicadas sampai dengan Cimindi.

Setelah tiba di Tasikmalaya, Atje Bastaman dengan bersemangat segera menulis berita dan memberi judul “Bandoeng Djadi Laoetan Api”. Namun karena kurangnya ruang untuk tulisan judulnya, maka judul berita diperpendek menjadi “Bandoeng Laoetan Api”.

[sunting] Referensi

  1. 1.       ^ http://nationalgeographic.co.id/
  2. 2.       ^ Bandung Lautan Api

 

 

 

 

 

April 1946

the native Wayang repoblik calender April 1946,with the history of NRI  august until october 1945, and  Rabindranath Tagore phillosopny and Arabindo Ghose phillosophy.

 

APRIL 1946

By April 1946, the struggle of the people in the town of Padang and Surrounding areas Increased in the presence of NICA oppose a free ride with the Allied forces, WHO were the resource persons going to charge for the settlement of Japanese prisoners of war. Since the city of Padang and Surrounding areas into the arena of struggle or an arena of clashes the between fighters of the Republic of Indonesia with Allied / Dutch, of course Police act to protect the freedom fighters, even though Their actions in terms of security can not be justified in a world of peace. These experiences are also complicated to determine the agreement the between the National Police with the young fighter / BKR (Called the Dutch as “Extremist”) in determining the authority and responsibility for security in urban areas.

. December 27, 1949, the day of delivery of Dutch Sovereignty to the RIS (United States of Indonesia) was held in Padang city government delivery of Resident HTB (“Hoofd Tijdelijk Bestuur”) Van Straten to the governor of Central Sumatra, Mr. M. Nasroen.

On 17-8-1950 the RIS Officially disbanded and returned the Republic of Indonesia as a unitary state in the archipelago. Padang city police WHO Had been with the RIS police personnel status of the Dutch and the “cooperator” was again held a leadership mutation. To replace the positions left by “Dutchmen” was, was appointed by the Government of Indonesia is an Indonesian citizen police Republicans. In this case Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue (the Commissioner of Police I) Had been named Chief of Police City of Padang and Surrounding areas in order to form the structure and placement of personnel in accordance with Police Organizations of the Republic of Indonesia (Padang, June 1945).

April,1st.1946

The document of recieved money for buying one bicycle without mark with Revenue black small -,15 sen .

 

The rare NRI overprint the white of hinomaru became red-white with handwritten 17.8.45 on Dai Nippon Palembang Tjokin kyoky _ Postal saving book,the first saving 1-4.46

Front cover

 

Inside postal saving book

 

Thr label of NRI posal saving only from 1-4.46 until 2-5.46 The NRI only had power in Palembang Post Office almost one month only.

April,4th.1946


the error printing repoeblik Indonesia revenue, Off center and the  Repoeblik became at below of the revenue. compare with te normal printing revenue,

 

and the unsued  one full sheet f 0,15 sen revenue(not many used because the devaluation the rare  up,and still found unused in full and half sheet )

 

 

also the other error printing

 

(a) Rare error NRI Sumatra revenue missing “rai of meterai “became meter

 

 

April,8th,1946

(a)The recieved of House rent document ,by the Repoeblic Indonesia  Magelang Housing Office with official chope on NRI revenue -,15.cent.

(b) The recieved of NRI Phone office with NRI revenue -,15 blod type,this was the emergency homemade form.

(c) The letter fragment of small rep.Indonesia overprint on Dai Nipoon sumatra definitive 40 cent stamp used CDS Boekitinggi Indonesia 8.4.46(rare)

 

April ,9th.1946.

 

there was only one Indonesian 

People security power holding a multi-engine pilot license from the pre-war Dutch Flying School (but did not have an opportunity to fly during the 3.5-year Japanese occupation).

 He was assisted by a few Japanese pilots who decided to stay in the newly born country. The new roundel was created simply by painting white on the lower part of the Japanese Hinomaru, reflecting the red and white of the Indonesian flag. The People’s Security Force was then re-organized to form a formal armed force. This marked the birth of the Indonesian Air Force

on April 9, 1946.

(1)Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) is founded, with limited former Japanese small aircraft.King of Bone and the local Republican government are arrested by Dutch forces on Sulawesi.Dutch forces replace the British in Bandung. “Bandung Lautan Api”: Indonesians start to burn down the city rather than surrender it to the Dutch. Much of the southern part of Bandung is burned.Barisan Banteng rules Surakarta in defiance of the Sjahrir government.

 

 

 

 

April,9th.1946

very rare first palembang republic overprint RI in box on dai nippon occupation palembang and sumatra DN definitif stamp,used on PP 2 pospakket card send cds palembang to Pagaralam.

 

v.esbensen catalogue,this  handstamped overptint Palembang issues type 52, five different types are known,approximately 12 genuinely used entires exist of all types put together,look the catalogue book illustration below

 

Londen 12 April 1946

British and Dutch government leaders discuss Indonesia
Archibald Kerr, Hubertus van Mook, Dr. J.H.A. Logemann,
Prof. Ir. W. Schermerhorn, PM Clement Attlee

April ,14th.1946.

Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful

 

 

14 April 1946

Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at
Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful.

April,16th.1946

 

Mr Amir Sjarifuddin  the minestry Of defense NRI visist Sumatra Govenor mr Teukue Mohammad hasan

April,17th.1946

One day before the opening session of the Council of Representatives of Sumatra on 17 April 1946, taken a decision to divide daderah administration in three baagin namely North Sumatra, Sumatra, central and southern Sumatra, each led by a Governor Young. As a result of the conference decision, the Governor of Sumatra lifted Dr.Adnan Kapau Gani (Resident of Palembang) became Governor of South Sumatra Young, which include the residency of Palembang, Lampung, Bengkulu and bangka_Belitung. Then appointed Dr. M. Djamil (Resident of West Sumatra) was governor of Central Sumatra Young, which include the residency of western Sumatra, Riau and Djambi. In this kjaitan, Mr. Hermani, Governor Roving conjunct the interior minister, during a visit to Sumatra, along with Information Minister Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin in the month of April 1946, proposed to the governor to lift TTDaudyah Sumatra (Aceh resident) became Governor of North Sumatra Young, but one staff governor of Sumatra menginggatkan that TTDaudsyah is a son of Aceh and Sumatra as well as with the governor, so from a psychological view of both these officials come from one area of ​​residency, because we desire and aim toward the Indonesian national, then we should appoint a untu North Sumatran Governor Young, who qualified third psychological residencies that include North Sumatra. In regard to the governors of Sumatra Staff proposes to raise Mr.SMAmin, head of the Bureau of Justice residency of Aceh, North Sumatra Governor Young, since he was the son of a teacher from Mandailing (residency Tapanuli) was born in Raba Krueng Aceh Besar, married with a daughter Aceh.tinggal and work in Aceh and have the family in the Residency of East Sumatra, he summarily duikenal people in the Sumatran Utara.Stelah memepertimbangkan proposal, Sumatra Governor decided to appoint Mr. Young SMAmin became Governor of North Sumatra

Original Info

(sumber:  Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan,1986)

Satu hari sebelum  dibuka sidang Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Sumatra

pada tanggal 17 April 1946,

diambil suatu keputusan untuk membagi daderah administrasi pemerintahan dalam tiga baagin yaitu Sumatera Utara,Sumatera tengah dan sumatera Selatan , masing-masing dibawah pimpinan seorang Gubernur Muda.

Sebagai akibat keputusan konperensi tersebut, Gubernur Sumatera mengangkat Dr.Adnan kapau gani (Residen Palembang) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Selatan,yang meliputi Keresidenan Palembang,Lampung,Bengkulu dan bangka_Belitung.

 Kemudian diangkat dr M.Djamil (Residen sumatera Barat) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Tengah,yang meliputi  Keresidenan Sumatera barat,Riau dan Djambi.

Dalam kjaitan ini, Mr Hermani,Gubernur Keliling diperbantukan pada menteri dalam negeri, dalam kunjungan ke Sumatera bersama Menteri Penerangan Mr Amir Sjarifuddin dalam bulan april 1946,mengusulkan kepada gubernur sumatra supaya mengangkat T.T.Daudyah(Residen Aceh) menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, akan tetapi salah seorang staf Gubernur Sumatra menginggatkan bahwa T.T.Daudsyah adalah seorang putera Aceh,dan demikian pula dengan gubernur sumatra, jadi dari pandangan psikologis kedua pejabat ini berasal dari satu daerah keresidenan,oleh karena kita berhasrat dan bertujuan ke arah nasional Indonesia,maka kita harus mengangkat seorang Gubernur Muda untuk sumatera Utara,yang memenuhi syarat psikologis ketiga keresidenan yang meliputi Sumatera Utara.

 Dalam kaitan itu Staf gubernur Sumatera tersebut mengusulkan supaya mengangkat Mr.S.M.Amin ,kepala Jawatan Kehakiman Keresidenan Aceh,menjadi Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara, berhubung beliau adalah putera seorang guru dari Mandailing(keresidenan Tapanuli) lahir di Krueng Raba Aceh Besar,kawin dengan seorang puteri Aceh.tinggal dan bekerja di aceh dan mempunyai kaum keluarga di Keresidenan Sumatera Timur,ringkasnya beliau duikenal orang di sumatera Utara.

Setelah memepertimbangkan usul tersebut,Gubernur Sumatera memutuskan mengangkat Mr S.M.Amin menjadi Gubernur Muda sumatera Utara.

 

Ilustrasi dari buku, rombongan perwira Polisi NRI bersama Gubernur Sumatera Mr  Teuku Mhd Hasan dalam suatu kunjungan

(1) Komisaris Roestam Effendi.(2) Kepla intel (3) Komisaris  Elisa siregar(Kepala Polisis Lahuhan batu)(4) Mr Teuku Mohammad hasan Gubernur Sumatera

 

 

 

April,21th.1946

the earliest Used Overprint repoeblik Indonesia on Handelzegel(traderevenue)  2x f1.50 on complete document

April,25th.1946

Th rare post mark Bantoelah Pindjaman Nasional 1946(National o9bligation) on  prive chinese overseas card sent from moentilan to koedoes with Dai Nippon Java stamp  10 cent,

also look the two document relation with national obligations:

(a)  the other National fund 1946 postmark on Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cen postal stationer with PTT repoeblik Indonesia postmark,the stamp off,

(b)the form for buying the National fund obligation 1946

(c) The National fund obligation 1946 with interaest 4 % per years.

 

The John served as an MT Driver, with the 1st Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment.at Palembang

Some pictures on this page include Japanese soldiers. According to John, British Troops were sent in to Sumatra with orders to disarm the Japanese, but it was soon evident the Japanese were not at all keen to agree. Disarming them was not possible, but they reluctantly agreed to taking orders from the British, whilst keeping up the appearance of governing the majority of the Country themselves.

 

Moesi river Palembnag sketch 1946

 

Lord Louis Mountbatten inspect the guard of Honour of the 1st Battaliom at Palembang sumatra in Aprilm25th.1946

 

the 1st Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment.at Talang betutu Palembang Airfield

April.27th.1946

Postally used cover with Repoblik Dai nipppoon local sumatra definitive stamp 40 sen without overprint send from CDS padang to Bukittinggi.

April,28th.1946

 

Jendral Soedirman  inspection the  Japanese prisoner of war which collected at Malang.

 

May 1946

The PTT Batavia (AMACAB) Alliede Military Aministration Civil Affair Branch CDS on Nica USA wihelmina stamp PTT Batvia- C ,off cover collections(repair Postmark.(rare amacab postmark)

and look the illustration of Amacab Bandoeng officila handcpode on small book.

 

The native NRI calender May 1946 design wayang with NRI revolution info Nov 1945 with Jules Harmand and Thucijadides phylosophy.

 

The Vintage Book ‘s Illustration Of Gouvenur Sumatra T.M.Hassan  and Resident South sumatra Dr Mah.Isa when the gouvenor visit South sumatra.

 

the picture of  Sumatra NRI national Police ,Commisaris Roestam effendi and commisaris Elias Siregar ,chief police intel Labuhan Batu) with Guvernor sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hassan during visit Labuhan batu,east sumatra .

.

 

the picture of Banteng(bull) republic,the people lasjkar

 

b. Barisan SPECIAL POLICE

 

F.L. TOBING

Top of Form

1). Tapanuli Residency Government Leader Dr  FL Tobing taken  Decision to form a special sequence  Police after  seen remarkable development of the Special Police Forces Balige and insistence INDONESIA NATIONAL COMMITTEE.

Resident Tapanuli Government at tarutung  ordered to move the Police Special Forces under the leadership of MAS KADIRAN  from Balige to Tarutung and handed over to the  Toba Police Sihombing Sarif.

2) Special Police Forces moved to the capital in Tarutung Tapanuli with the task of enforcing the law and maintaining security and ensure the safety of the entire residency Tapanuli, based on the decision of Mr Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli “POLICE SPECIAL FORCES” and changed its name to
“POLICE Khuus Tapanuli residency”.

3). By changing the name of “SPECIAL FORCES POLICE” to “POLICE SPECIALROWS” scope and greater strength then MAS KADIRAN want to add strength and weapons and demolition plan

Soon Mas KADIRAN execute talks with Japanese Army Chief in Tarutung, Sibolga, Padang Sisempuan  and  Kotanopan city . Regarding submission of Weapons and Ammunition

 From the results of these negotiations MAS KADIRAN received weapons from the Japanese army in the form of eight shoots Machine Gun Bren MK-II, Aircraft Machine Gun Shooter 2 shoots and ammunition of various types of weapons and 8 Peti 100 bags

4). With increasing Weapons and ammunition Japanese Army then MAS KADIRAN add 100 Members

5) Taken away from former Japanese soldiers, GYOGUN, HEIHO and Youth-Youth from across the region in the Residency Tapanuli up to 350 people with Organic arrangement consists of three parts Rifle 180 people, and Members of the Procurement section 40. 1 Armament chapter 15, and Section of Health 15.
visible image when the vice president visited the High Cliff Moh.Hatta eastern Sumatra.

c. SOCIAL REVOLUTION IN Tapanuli

1). The existence of the elements of the Regional Security Pengacau Tapanuli calling itself “The Warriors” of eastern Sumatra comprising Ft RATE, INTEREST RATE Tapanuli Aceh and led by ARIFIN Nainggolan with his friends in order to catch the leader (KING) in the entire Tapanuli,

With the advent of Social Revolutionary Movement of East Sumatra, the Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli MEMRINTAHKAN AGAR Leadership Special Police stopped and held back by MAS KADIRAN

2) Social Movements and Revolutionary Sidikalang Samosir.

After receiving orders from Redien Tapanuli, the MAS KADIRAN berkoordinasikan the Brigade Commander XI Tapanuli south Regiment – III TRI, Lieutenant Colonel Jansen Siahaan,

 In coordination, agreed to cooperate in the suppression of what SOCIAL REVOLUTION MOVEMENT called East Sumatra.

3). On the appointed day XI TRI Regiment – Third Brigade Tapanuli south, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief Jansen Siahaan SPECIAL POLICE Mas Kadiran move towards Pangururan through Dolok bun and TELE.

Arriving at Pangururan, TRI-III Force Regiment and the Brigade XI SPECIAL POLICE Barisan residency Tapanuli happen shootout (shoot shoot) with PEOPLE Warriors will make the Social Revolution in Tapanuli.

 In this battle Pangururan City didududki and EVERYONE can be disabled and the leader of Laskar Alimin Nainggolan can be captured and become prisoners transported to Balige with arms and ammunition.

4). after destroying Social Revolution in Samosir the TRI and BIP move towards Sidikalang to extinguish the Social Revolutionary Movement in Tapanuli to the border region between Tapanuli and Aceh,

 After more than two months in charge at the Dairi Dairi TRI Head of Government – I Regiment Brigade XI and negotiations with the Barisan doing this SPECIAL POLICE CHIEF CHIEF CHIEF-ADAT and party negotiations can be agreed that the Social Revolution in stop and never happen again.

So TRI and BIP can restore and recover the Dairi and Regional Security in the vicinity.

5) In the BIP and TRI served in Dairi, Tarutung arrest of Tapanuli residency heads and staff and maintained in the cost Balige as an accomplice to the Netherlands with “FRONT Tarutung Volk” and be taken to court Siantar East Sumatra.

In order to enforce the law and restore the authority of the police. MAS KADIRAN take steps to conduct negotiations between the Republic of Indonesia to the Chairman of the People, and the FRONT PARTY CHAIRMAN Pesindo,

 The result of the negotiations held in mind that according to the review by the Head of Legal Tarutung no evidence PolisiKeresidenan Tapanuli as Hand Foot Foot Netherlands Tapanuli and finally police chief. Police Residency Tapanuli M. Nurdin and his staff were released and returned to duty in Tarutung.

d. SPECIAL POLICE row Move To Sibolga

Because state Politis, Tapanuli headquarters moved to Sibolga, then the order of the Resident Tapanuli Dr FL Tobing, The Army and SPECIAL pollicis Tapanuli Kereresidenan transferred to Sibolga in mid-May 1946 and MAS KADIRAN build a dormitory for the members of Barisan SPECIAL POLICE in Sibolga

Original Info

Top of Form

b. Barisan Pilisi KHUSUS


1). Pemerintah
 Keresidenan  Tapanuli Pemimpin Dr F.L. Tobing

 mengamambil. Keputusan  membentuk Barisan Khusus Kepolidsian melihat perkembangan yang luar biasa dari  Pasukan  Polisi  Khusus Balige  dan desakan INDONESIA KOMITE NASIONAL.

 

Residen Taoanuli  memerintahkan  Pemerintah  Tarutung di Tapanuli  untuk memindahkan  Polisi Pasukan Khusus  dibawah pemimpinan MAS KADIRAN dari  Balige  ke  Tarutung dan diserahkan kepada Polisi Toba Sihombing Sarif.

2) Pasukan Polisi Khusus pindah ke ibukota Tapanuli di Tarutung dengan tugas menegakkan hukum dan menjaga keamanan dan menjamin keamanan seluruh  keresidenan Tapanuli , berdasarkan keputusan dari Mr Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli “PASUKAN KHUSUS POLISI” dan mengubah namanya menjadi

” POLISI  Khuus Keresidenan Tapanuli  “.


3). Dengan mengubah nama “PASUKAN KHUSUS POLISI” untuk “POLISI Barisan KHUSUS” lingkup dan kekuatan yang lebih besar maka MAS KADIRAN ingin menambah kekuatan dan senjata dan
merencanakan pembongkaran

 

Segera  Mas KADIRAN  melaksanakan  pembicaraan dengan Kepala Angkatan Darat Jepang di  Tarutung, Sibolga , Padang Sidempuan dan Kota Nopan. Mengenai penyerahan Senjata dan Amunisi

 

 Dari hasil  negosiasi tersebut MAS KADIRAN menerima senjata dari tentara Jepang dalam bentuk delapan pucuk Bren Machine Gun MK-II, Pesawat Machine Gun Shooter 2 pucuk dan amunisi dari berbagai jenis senjata 100 karung dan 8 Peti


4). Dengan meningkatnya Senjata dan amunisi Angkatan Darat Jepang kemudian MAS KADIRAN menambah 100 Anggota


5)
Diambil  lagi dari mantan tentara Jepang , GYOGUN, HEIHO dan Pemuda-Pemuda dari seluruh wilayah di  Keresidenan Tapanuli  hingga 350 orang dengan pengaturan Organik terdiri dari tiga bagian Rifle 180 orang, Pengadaan seksi dan Anggota 40 orang. 1 Persenjataan pasal 15, dan Bagian Kesehatan 15.
terlihat gambar wakil presiden Moh.Hatta ketika mengunjungi Tebing Tinggi timur sumatra.

 

c. REVOLUSI SOSIAL DI Tapanuli


1). Keberadaan unsur-unsur dalam Pengacau Keamanan Daerah Tapanuli yang menamakan dirinya “Orang Laskar” dari Sumatera Timur yang terdiri dari RATE Ft, SUKU BUNGA Tapanuli ACEH dan dipimpin oleh ARIFIN Nainggolan bersama teman-temannya dengan maksud untuk menangkap pemimpin (RAJA) yang ada di seluruh Tapanuli,

 

Dengan munculnya Gerakan Revolusioner Sosial Sumatera Timur, maka  Resident FL Tobing Tapanuli  MEMRINTAHKAN AGAR Kepemimpinan Polisi Khusus  berhenti   dan dijabat kembali oleh MAS KADIRAN

 

2)Gerakan Sosial Revolusioner di Samosir dan Sidikalang.


Setelah menerima perintah dari
 Redien Tapanuli , maka MAS KADIRAN berkoordinasikan dengan Komandan  Brigade XI Tapanuli selatan Resimen – III TRI , Letnan Kolonel  Jansen  Siahaan ,

 

 Dalam koordinasi, disepakati untuk bekerja sama dalam penindasan apa GERAKAN namanya REVOLUSI SOSIAL Sumatera Timur .


3). Pada hari yang ditentukan Resimen
 XI TRI – Brigade Ketiga Tapanuli selatan , Letnan Kolonel  Jansen Siahaan  dan Pemimpin POLISI KHUSUS  Mas Kadiran bergerak menuju Pangururan  melalui Dolok Sanggul dan TELE.

 

Sesampainya di Pangururan, Angkatan Resimen TRI-III Brigade XI dan Barisan KHUSUS POLISI residensi Tapanuli terjadi Bakutembak (tembak menembak) dengan ORANG Laskar yang akan membuat Revolusi Sosial di Tapanuli.

 

 Dalam pertempuran ini  Kota Pangururan dapat didududki dan ORANG Laskar dapat dinonaktifkan dan pemimpin Alimin Nainggolan dapat ditangkap dan menjadi tahanan diangkut ke Balige  bersama persenjataan dan amunisi.


4). setelah menghancurkan Revolusi Sosial di Samosir yang TRI dan BIP bergerak menuju Sidikalang untuk memadamkan Gerakan Revolusioner Sosial di Tapanuli ke daerah perbatasan antara Tapanuli dan Aceh,

 

 Setelah lebih dari dua bulan bertugas di Dairi Kepala TRI Dairi Pemerintah – I Resimen Brigade XI dan negosiasi Barisan melakukan KHUSUS POLISI dengan ini dengan-KETUA KETUA KETUA ADAT dan Partai negosiasi dapat disepakati bahwa Revolusi Sosial di berhenti dan tidak pernah terjadi lagi.

 

Jadi TRI dan BIP dapat mengembalikan dan memulihkan Keamanan Regional di Dairi dan sekitarnya.

5) Pada BIP dan TRI bertugas di Dairi, Tarutung penangkapan dari Tapanuli residensi kepala dan staf-staf dan diselenggarakan dalam biaya Balige sebagai kaki tangan dengan Belanda dengan “FRONT Volk Tarutung” dan akan dibawa ke  Pengadilan Pematang Siantar  Sumatera  Timur .

 

 

Dalam rangka menegakkan hukum dan mengembalikan Kewibawaan Polisi . MAS KADIRAN mengambil langkah untuk mengadakan perundingan  antara Republik Indonesia dengan  Ketua Rakyat  , KETUA FRONT dan PIHAK Pesindo,

 

 Hasil dari perundingan yang diselenggarakan  diketahui bahwa menurut pemeriksaan  oleh Kepala Hukum  Tarutung  tidak ada bukti PolisiKeresidenan tapanuli sebagai Kaki Tangan Kaki  Belanda di tapanuli  dan  akhirnya  Polisi Kepala. Polisi Keresidenan tapanuli  M. Nurdin dan stafnya dibebaskan dan kembali bertugas di Tarutung.

d. Barisan POLISI KHUSUS Pindah Ke Sibolga


Karena
 Keadaan Politis , Markas Tapanuli dipindahkan ke Sibolga, maka atas perintah Residen   Tapanuli Dr FL Tobing , Perangkat Angkatan Darat dan Polisis KHUSUS Tapanuli Kereresidenan  dipindahkan  ke Sibolga pada pertengahan Mei 1946  dan MAS  KADIRAN membangun asrama bagi anggota  Barisan POLISI KHUSUS di Sibolga

May,1st.1946

The collection of verious type fifteen sen -,15 sen  black repoeblik Indonesia java revenue unperfortated,earlist date 1.5.46, the latest date 1.7.46.

 

 

and other collection the latest date  7.12.1946.

also one full sheet revenue -.15 sen  in red ,one error plate 93 Lime belas  from normal limabelas.

 

(amizing historic revenue collections)

 

 

May,2nd.1946

The rare Djakarta Emergency Porto handchopped on postally used cover from solo to Djakrta,(gis the rare collections of Mr Ricardo ever show at Indonesia phillatelic exhibiton 1995  at Djakarta Fair Kemayoran-Dr Iwan Nite,sorry this fotocopy recoloured)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May.6th.1946

 

The earliest used Machinal machine overprint of North Sumatra this day,CDS Medan 6.5.-46,coomon CTO,both loose and on cover,approximately 75 genuninely used entires exist. Look book illustration below(V.esbensen,1980)

 

 

Another information from Dai Nippon catalogue,1981.Machinal overprint with new nominal ,issued at Pematang siantar in Black bar, on DEI karbouw series overprint type 23.(look the book illustration and Dr iwan collections)

 

 

This type machinal overprint also in may type Dai Nippon Stamp from some residency areal ,this was very specialistist ,like from

Dai Nippon IP Lengkong (IPL) handstamped

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dai Nippon overprint star Aceh,AND FOTOCOPY EX DR IWAN COLLECTION USED AT Pajakoemboeh(all dai Nippon stamp from ll residency pull to pematangsiantar ,get machinak overptit repoeblic with bar,and redistribution to all residency Sumatra,that is why the dai Nippon aceh star stamp after nri overprint redistribution to west Sumatra and used cds pajakoemboeh,interesting postal history,amazing.

 

 

 

Dai Nippon yubin Overprint on the top and red Dai Nippon chopped(unidentified) at the center of stamp,this very rare.not list in TMA catalogue ,only one ever seen

TMA Indonesian specialist catalogue discussed this overprint,please look at that catalogue iisued by Suwito Harsono,and now also by Indonesian  specialist Catalogue 2009

 

 

 

 

 

And  overprint type 24 east sumatra dai nippon yubin

 

 

Overprint with two bar and new nominal on konijnenberg stamps with and withour Rep.Indonesia overprint

(double and triple overprint)

 

May,7th.1946

(a)Same as before document, the recieved of House rent bill by the NRI Magelang Housing Office

 

(b) the rare error printing bold f 1,50 repoblik Indonesia sumatra revenue,used on fragment ,compere with the normal revenue.

 

May,8th.1946

The House rental biiling from Malang,with NRI revenue ,the Dai Nippon form  overprint by typewriter.,ichi gatsun became Boelan(month) IV-1946

 

 

Hudoosan Kanrikoodan typewriter overprint kantor peroemahan(housing Offices)

 

The NRI phone billing,very small and native typewriter form

 

 

Look carefully this used NRI  phone billing form

The fotocopy of rare fragmen overprint  Middle Sumatra small repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon definitive Sumatra 40 cent send from  CDS Boekittingi 8.4.46

 

 

May,9th.1946

The very rare postally used Palembang handoverprint RI on box ,money order cds pagaralam south Sumatra.

 

The overprint typev52 above,had five different types are known,known CTO Palembang,pladjoe,and pendopo.Genuinely used at Batoeradja,Martapoera,and Palembang.Approximately 12 genuinely used entire exist of all types put together,the earliest date 8.4.46 Palembang.

 

 

May,10th.1946

Postally used registered cover with typewriter overprint tandjongradja on talanggehar label, send from Tandjongradja(south Sumatra) to the same village , with 25 X overprint RI in box on  Dai Nippon def.stamp 40 cent(rate f1.-)

(fotocopy of Ricardo collections)

 

This NRI Handstamped Overprint Palembang issued type 51 violet.V.esbensen  in his catalogue(1980) written:’Only one used cover exist definitive 30cent(10x),CDS Tandjongradja 2.5.47 on back cover and no fragment or loose used stamps known.

With Ricardo collection and vrijdag collections in the catalogue, until now there were two postally used cover exist in the world,doeas anyone have another sample?please contact Dr Iwan to put in this e-book CD-ROM.

 

 

May,11th.1946

The rare Trade revenue overprint repoeblik Indonesia on complete document.

 

May,12th.1946

Penghimpunan Anggota Kepolisian dalam P3RI
Perasaan senasib dan sepenanggungan di antara sesama warga kepolisian memunculkan keinginan untuk mewadahi seluruh warga kepolisian dalam satu organisasi.

Keinginan itu diwujudkan dengan pembentukan Persatuan Pegawai Polisi Republik Indonesia (P3RI) di Madiun pada 12 Mei 1946.

Tujuan didirikannya organisasi ini adalah dalam rangka memper- satukan berbagai organisasi perjuangan kepolisian di berbagai daerah seperti Angkatan Muda Polisi RI (AMPRI) Yogyakarta, Pemuda Polisi RI (PPRI) Kediri, Barisan Polisi Istimewa (BPI) Solo, Persatuan Sekerja Polisi (PSP) Purwokerto, dan Ikatan Buruh Polisi Republik Indonesia (IBPRI) Bojonegoro.

Revolusi

 

May,13th.1946

With the removal of senior police officers from Padang to Bukittinggi, Kaharuddin Dt. Rangkayo tongue gets the task to foster and develop the organization’s Special Police. Exercises for Special Police started on May 13, 1946 until August 17, 1946 located at the police complex, Jl. Birugo Bukittinggi (now complex SMA Negeri 2). The Instructors at the Special Police training is comprised of police officers and TRI and civilian government officials.

Special Police Seselesainya exercise, in New York City was inaugurated by the Chief of Police of West Sumatra Residency establishment “Barisan Special Police” (BIP). Members of the BIP are members drawn from the Special Police Bukittinggi graduate training and selection of members of the Police Who Are experienced in the struggle in front of Padang. As a commander for the BIP was appointed Superintendent of West Sumatra, I Amir Mahmud starting September 1946. Then in terms of uniformity units Police, West Sumatra, BIP was transformed into West Sumatra Mobiele Brigade (Brigade Mobiele Name / MOBBRIG later Became Brigade / BRIMOB).

May,11th.1946

The earliest used on document,trade revenue overprint repoeblik Indonesia on dutch trade revenue  f6,-

May,15th.1946(b)

The very rare and historic document of middle sumatra  Circulair Letter issued by The chief  of NRI PTTT  Middle Sumatra Mas sudibjo.on native  primitive” kertas merang”(b)

REGIONAL HEAD OFFICE

PTT SOEMATREA CENTRAL

PADANG

Padang 15th May 1946

LETTER CIRCULAR

Regional Head PTTR in Boekittinggi telegraph (telegraph) zebagai Here:

Request submitted pengaharapan (wish) I as follows, sesungguhpun know / feel one (feel) I think a comma employee difficulties that we are not spared from the obligation as citizens generally NRI employees PTTR particular point. because the atmosphere today is so precarious coma and struggles PTTR lighting is very important we get the point I hope is that all employees of the postal telegraph telephone PTTR raio and techniques to meet its obligations even harder and now with the wisdom to overcome all kewsukaran with each fixed point free.

The call of our leaders in Boekittinggi have krera (seing) dengsr which time we no longer meaningful for us, even as we wind through the course which, after passing, do not have the scars anymore. but it is not one of our leaders, nor salahseruan it, because our leaders are forced to repeat (repeat) call-serua. let us find what sevbanya appeal was not successful (a) satisfactory. Let us look for cause-sebanya,

Especially we should ask ourselves dirti us, why should we uphold and maintain our independence and how we are? (Not our freedom someone or yourself). The question was not necessary kirta answered with a loud, because the answers are found (obtained) with a hard twelah that we are our words, let us jwab question within our own hearts, with a pure heart, with God Almighty Ynang as a witness. may be among us there are different answers and the answer issued by keras.Buat their voices in the present is still padaAllah so we ask the Almighty, let’s hope they can diinsjafkan.

I believe. That some of the greatest of the employees could PTTR Memperthankan Nusa Independence and the nation with the body and jiwanya.Saya understand, bhawa they want to become fighters dibarisan skali front. I then understood also that such a high spirit of struggle is very difficult to calm. they do not feel happy because there is no chance to prove it’s ability dibaris front, but they forget that there are struggles in the front row behind dapula barisa. Front row (front) becomes weakened, even disappeared jikia unassisted rearguard. Conversely also rearguard will not achieve victory, not the goal juika dperjuangkan by vanguard (Army). It is evident that the second-row two equally important and equally pulanh derajatnya.Tidak where we feel inferior or disadvantaged (more or less) than the soldiers . if a soldier fallen in its obligations, he is revered as a hero who did not know fear. We who fought back digais, the daily suffering some kind of trouble, such as shortages of food, clothing and others, we see how difficult it is our family’s life, see also, that aank wife will gradually become thinner, although the difficulty of such circumstances we do not stop stopped menjalalankan obligations, we are struggling for Independence homeland and we actually Nation kita.Bukankah Phlawan a very high degree? It’s just generally not buzzed-dengungkan kita.itupun services and personnel are not necessary, because our purpose is not to find a name, do not seek power, we have only one objective, namely Independence homeland and nation.

How is our official position (PTTR) perjuanagn Inui future? We all know that PTTR is an official who maintains communications, transportation is needed at all by the government, by TRI, for memperjuangka our Independence. If communications break, orders and instructions issued by the center will not reach the branches and twigs, so it will be chaos arises. Masyarakatpun need pejabatan (office) PTTR, how perkabaran (news) will be able to walk, if not menyelenggarakannya PTTR? We still remember, bhawa PTTR who awaken and encourage Sumatra towards independence, because PTTR that can broadcast any news diteria of Jawa.Tidak need to be explained further, that the actual PTTR sjaraf veins in the fight and just hope the above information masyarakat.Dengan employees PTTR will insjaf about the importance of strength in the struggle for Independence, and will insjaf also about obligations. However, until now among employees PTTR there are those who ignore ignore his service (wasting), which mnmenganggap PTTR penting.adapula not that sad attitude, namely to consider itself independent of all rules and obligations, they are not obedient to the leader. Taanyakan power to them (ask) Dimanakas over the world there are sodium absorption ratio independent states have rules and discipline? If they are with actual, as the true desires of Independence Indonesia Tanah water was not likely the incident mentioned above.

Let our slogan: “Once Free REMAIN freedom” we added to the “CAN sick with various DIFFICULTIES FOR INDEPENDENCE:

Independent

Regional Head Central PTTR S.

handSigns  Soedibjo

To all Employees PTTR

Central Sumatra

Head to Head-office, was asked this eruan letter read to employees, if necessary with the lighting, After that each employee should read his own and signed tanganinya

The regional head S.tengah PTTR

Soedibjo signature.

 (Mas Soedibjo)

 

 

 

original Info

 

KANTOR KEPALA DAERAH

PTT SOEMATERA TENGAH

PADANG

Padang  15 mei 1946

SURAT EDARAN

Kepala Daerah  PTTR di Boekittinggi  mengawatkan(telegram) zebagai Berikut :

Minta disampaikan pengaharapan (wish)  saya sebagai berikut, sesungguhpun  mengetahui/merasai(merasakan)  kesukaran  pegawai koma saya berpendapat  yang kita tak luput dari kewajiban sebagai warga negara NRI  umumnya  pegawai  PTTR  khususnya  titik  . karena  suasana dewasa ini sangat genting koma penerangan PTTR dan  perjuangan kita bertambah penting sekali titik saya  berharap  sangat agar  seluruh pegawai PTTR pos telegram telefon  raio dan teknik memenuhi kewajibannya lebih giat lagi dan sekarang  dengan mengatasi segala kewsukaran dengan  kebijaksanaan masing-masing titik tetap merdeka.

Seruan pemimpin kita di Boekittinggi telah krera(seing) kali kita dengsr yang mana tidak berarti  lagi buat kita, malahan seperti  angin saja jang melalui kita, sesudah lewat,tidak ada bekasnya lagi. akan tetapi  itu bukanlah salah pemimpin kita, dan  juga bukan salahseruan itu,oleh karena  pemimpin kita terpaksa  mengulang-ulang(repeat) seruan-serua. marilah kita mencari apa sevbanya seruan  itu tidak berhasil yang(dengan) memuaskan .Marilah kita mencari  sebab-sebanya,

Terutama kita harus bertanya kepada dirti kita kita sendiri, mengapa kita  menegakkan dan mempertahankan Kemerdekaan kita dan bagaiman kita?(bukan kemerdekaan kita seseorang atau sendiri).Pertanyaan itu tidak perlu kirta jawab dengan secara keras, karena jawaban yang didapati(diperoleh) dengan secara keras itu twelah kita sama kata kami, marilah kita jwab  pertanyaan itu didalam hati kita sendiri,  dengan hati yang suci, dengan Allah Ynang Mahakuasa sebagai saksi. boleh jadi diantara kita ada yang jawabannya  berlainan dan dengan jawaban yang dikeluarkan dengan suara keras.Buat mereka yang dimasa sekarang masih bersifat demikian  kita mohon padaAllah Yang Maha Esa, moga-moga mereka dapat diinsjafkan.

Saya percaya .bahwa  sebagian yang paling besar dari pegawai PTTR sanggup Memperthankan Kemerdekaan Nusa dan bangsa dengan raga dan jiwanya.Saya mengerti, bhawa mereka ingin skali menjadi  pejuang dibarisan depan. Sayapun mengerti pula, bahwa semangat  perjuangan yang sedemikian tinggi sulit sekali dapat disabrkan (ditenagkan). mereka merasa tidak senang karena tidak ada kesempatan untuk membuktikan kesanggupan itu dibaris depan,akan tetapi  mereka melupakan bahwa didalam perjuangan ada barisan depan dapula barisa  belakang. Barisan Muka(depan) menjadi lemah , bahkan lenyap jikia tidak dibantu barisan belakang. Sebaliknya pula barisan belakang tidak akan mencapai kemenangan ,juika tujuannya tidak dperjuangkan oleh barisan depan(Tentara).NYatalah ,bahwa kedua-dua barisan itu sama pentingnya dan sama pulanh derajatnya.Tidak tempatnya  kita merasa lebih rendah atau berkekurangan(lebih kurang) dari pada tentara.Djika seorang prajurit gugur didalam menjalankan kewajibannya,maka ia dihormati sebagai pahlawan yang tidak tahu akan ketakutan. Kita yang berjuang digais belakang,sehari-hari menderita beberapa macam kesulitan,misalnya kekurangan makanan,pakaian dan lain lain,kita melihat bagaimana sulitnya kehidupan keluarga kita,melihat pula,bahwa aank isteri kita makin lama makin kurus,walaupun keadaan demikian sulitnya kita tidak berhenti-henti menjalalankan kewajiban ,kita berjuang buat Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan Bangsa kita.Bukankah kita sebenarnya Phlawan yang amat tinggi derajatnya? Hanya  saja  umum tidak mendengung-dengungkan jasa dan tenaga kita.itupun tidak perlu, karena tujuan kita tidak mencari nama,tidak mencari pangkat, kita hanya mempunyai satu tujuan,yaitu Kemerdekaan Tanah air dan bangsa.

 

Bagaimanakah kedudukan Pejabat kita (PTTR) dimasa perjuanagn inui? Kita semua mengetahui bahwa PTTR adalah sebuah pejabat  yang  memelihara perhubungan,perhubungan ini dibutuhkan sekali  oleh pemerintah,oleh TRI, untuk memperjuangka Kemerdekaan kita.  Jika perhubungan putus,perintah dan instruksi yang dikeluarkan oleh pusat tidak akan sampai di  cabang dan ranting-rantingnya, sehingga akan timbullah kekacauan. Masyarakatpun membutuhkan pejabatan(kantor) PTTR, bagaimana perkabaran(berita)  akan dapat berjalan,jika  PTTR tidak menyelenggarakannya? kIta masih ingat,bhawa PTTR lah yang membangunkan dan mendorong Sumatra kearah Kemerdekaan,karena PTTR  yang dapat menyiarkan segala berita yang diteria dari Jawa.Tidak perlu diterangkan lebih jauh, bahwa PTTR  sebenarnya urat sjaraf didalam perjuangan  dan masyarakat.Dengan penerangan diatas  saja harap pegawai PTTR  akan insjaf tentang pentingnya tenaganya didalam perjuangan Kemerdekaan  ini, dan akan insjaf pula tentang kewajibannya. Akan tetapi hingga sekarang diantara pegawai PTTR masih ada yang mengabai-abaikan dinasnya(menyia-nyiakan) , yang mnmenganggap PTTR  tidak penting.adapula  yang sikapnya menyedihkan ,yaitu untuk yang menganggap  dirinya  merdeka dari segala peraturan dan kewajiban, mereka tidak patuh kepada pemimpinnya. Kepada mereka itu daya taanyakan(bertanya) Dimanakas diatas dunia ini ada negara merdeka yang tiak mempunyai peraturan dan disiplin?Jika mereka dengan sebenarnya,sebagai orang Indonesia sejati menghendaki Kemerdekaan Tanah Airnya tidak mungkin kejadian yang tersebut diatas.

Marilah semboyan kita:”SEKALI MERDEKA TETAP MERDEKA” kita tambah dengan”SANGGUP MENDERITA BERMACAM-MACAM KESULITAN UNTUK KEMERDEKAAN:

MERDEKA

Kepala Daerah PTTR S.Tengah

Tanda tanggan Soedibjo

Kepada Seluruh Pegawai PTTR

Sumatera tengah

Kepada Kepala-Kepala kantor, diminta Surat eruan ini dibacakan kepada pegawainya,jika perlu dengan penerangan,Sesudah itu masing-masing pegawai harus membaca sendiri dan menanda tanganinya

Kepala daerah PTTR S.tengah

tanda tangan Soedibjo.(Mas Soedibjo)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This historic document near broken  because burn by the PTT Middle Sumatra Office at Padang Post Office were rebuild ,very lucky my friend the Building contractor get the fire off and the document gave to Dr Iwan iand still in his collections until now.

May,18th.1948

The Palembang Gas Billing with Dai Nippon sumatra Revenue with Palembang overprint.

 

Violence between Toba and Karo Bataks in Sumatra.Nasution takes command of the new Siliwangi division of Angkatan Darat (the army), named after the first king of Pajajaran.Soedirman gives speech with Sukarno present: government must work for the principles of the Constitution (UUD 45) and independence.

 

 

May,23th.1946

The Article :The Red-White flag and the Beginning Merdeka” My Mr. M.slamet ,Den Haag ,23 mei 1946,(the article from Netherland by Indonesian scholar,the complete info did not show because to long article,if some one want to now contact dr iwan via his web.blog  hhtp://www.Dr iwancybermnuseum.wordpress.com)

Look the illustrations below in dutch language.

 

 

May,25th.1946

In the growth of the organization which is an organization kelaskaran perlawaan government armed the people disampin Agency (BKR, TKR, TRI) faces a tricky persolan, which arise between agencies that own or aantara kelaskaran kelaskaran body with official Army bdan, sehingg today 25 May 1946 held a conference to menelesaikan and curb the problem, but for to settle that experiencing a lot of trouble, because the parties agreed only to be held kelaskaran kerjasma and not willing to bind themselves organizationally with the government

 

original info:

Dalam pertumbuhan organisasi kelaskaran yang merupakan organisasi perlawaan rakyat disampin Badan bersenjata pemerintah(BKR,TKR,TRI) menghadapi persolan yang pelik, yang timbul diantara badan-badan kelaskaran itu sendiri maupun aantara badan kelaskaran dengan bdan Tentara resmi, sehingg pada hari ini 25 mei 1946 diadakan suatu konperensi untuk menelesaikan dan menertibkan  masalah tersebut, tetapi untuk  untuk menyelesaikan hal tersebut mengalamai  banyak  kesulitan, karena pihak kelaskaran hanya menyetujui untuk diadakan kerjasma dan tidak bersedia mengikat diri secara organisatoris dengan pemerintah.

May,28th.1046

The earliest date 28.5.46 of used off document small f-,15 sen , java unperforated revenue ,and the latest 1.6.46

 

 

May,29th.1946

The Off document  20 cent Dai N9ippon revenue  Dai Nippon rising star overprint without republic overprint still used used.in 29-5-1946,the other nominal unused20 sen,f1,- and f 2,-

 

 

Unused block of 10 , 20 cent Sunrays revenue

 

June 1946

Native Repoeblik Indonesia calender June 1946

 

Government revokes the privileges of Pakubuwono and Mangkunegara houses in Surakarta, under pressure from Soedirman.

The Djakarta Postal office in June 1946 under repoeblik Indonesia power,look the picture of the Djakarta pos office chief and other picture of his staf.at that post office.

 

June,5th.1946

The NRI Tanah datar Loehak X Koto Income tax ,paid at 5/7.46 with official the NRI chief of  Batipoeh and X koto stamped.(rare )

June,6th.1946

(a)very rare used republic palembang overprin rep. in- donesia  on dai nippon sumatra occupation stamp,used on pp2 pos pakket card  send from palembang to muara enim.

 

 

This rare NRI handstamped overpint Rep: In- donesia(wrong spelling) was the Palembang overprint type 54 violet, Mr V.Esbensen (1980) :”This overprint is generally very poor,aoften no more then an illegible blob.Known used at Batoeradja,Palembang,Palembang oeloe,Pendsop[o and Tandjoeng Radja in Palembang province(Dr iwan Have dfrom Moeara enim Enim) ant at Kroe in benkoelen.Aproxmately 100 genuinely used entires exist,the fine(75 % clear CDS) only from CTO Palembang,Dr Iwasn Collection 100% clear CDS Moeraenim.Dr iwan also find this overprint on Revenue at Palembang document.

(a) President soekarno publish NRI no.6.tahun Act 1946 or the Act state of danger, and was announced by Defense Minister Amir NRI Sjarifoeddin today and announced by TT.MHD diaceh Atjeh Daoedsjah to the capital on 23 July 1946

 

look the picture of Mr Amir Sjarifuddin and Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku mohammad hassan duris Mr Amir Sjarifuddin visit Sumatra.

 

 

original info

Presiden soekarno menerbitkan  Undang-Undang NRI no.6.tahun 1946 atau Undang-Undang Keadaan Bahaya, dan diumumkan oleh Menteri Pertahanan NRI Amir Sjarifoeddin hari ini dan diumumkan diaceh oleh  TT.MHD Daoedsjah di kotaraja atjeh  tanggal 23 juli 1946.

 

 

 

 

June,7th.1946

the extreme rare ,only one ever seen the PTT Repoblic Indonesia Padang Post Office report of NRI Stamps  and form situation  this day used  the dai nippon wage tax form with circulair date stamped Padang rep.Indonesia CDS  10.7.46 , the interesting info:

(a) 100 of 3 sen stamp, 85 of  40 sen stamps, 15 of 20 sen stamp and 116 of 05 sen stamps. the value of Stamps rp.1067,05.Plakzegel(revenue) Rp.3342 ,95, and other postal info in their own code. (found from the postman Soewil own collection which sold to Dr Iwan.)

 

 

 

 

June,12th.1946

June,12th.1946

 

 

 

Original Postally used free port goevernement NRI homemadecover send from CDS Djambi 12/6/46 to Palembang with MERDEKA postmark

 

June,15th,1946

The very rare destination postal Serang bantam west java circulair date stamps CDS biggert type with handwritten 06 for year, CDS 15.6.06 from the Money order fragmen with dancer stamps without overprint(sender post cannot identified)

 

June,17th.1946(b)

(a) the picture of the first Indonesian National Police School at Martojoedan Magelang (before and after revolution era catholic seminari)  open by NRI prime menistry St Sjahrir(one newspaper iluustration), and other  Indonational Poslice school .s student(Sekolah Polisi Negara_SPN)  pictures during practice at school(5 pictures,b)

 

The First Medical and Health department function at The Indonesion National Police was at The First  Police National Police School(SPN) at Martojoedan central java near Magelang, lead by Dr Martoamodjo,later he lived at Yogja (please the family give more informations),the first function were during Mediac test and helath service in the Policlinic (still the poliklinik exist at Martojoudan seminari,Catholich priest school after the Inependenece war until now.

Please look below more picture from Antara ,before belonging of Mr Adam Malik ,ex Indonesian vice president,after he pass away were sold to jalan Surabaya antgique fle market,and were bought By dr Iwan in 1996 and still in his collections until now.

 

 

(b)the other Soewil postma n privated stamps noteswith repobolik CDS circulaire date stamped Padang 17.6.46, and only one everseen,this made only one for a remembrance postal hstroy, thre type repobli Indonesia local sumatra stamps Soekarno stamps 40 sen, Independence Fund  stamps  red 15 sen and yellow independence fund  40 sen.this the only CDS of fonds kemerdekaan ever found ,please somone who have this stamps on postally used cover to report via comment, Mr V.esbensen info. fro mr rijdag Collections look the original NRI Padang City CDS  postal stamped

June,20th.1946

This day the earliest used Lampong Handstamped overprint 62 black,PTT Indonesia in box, used on money order CDS Sarolangoen 26.10.46.Known used at Kotaangoeng,Kotaboemi,Mengala,Tandjongkarang and telokbetong.Approximately 35 genuinely used entires exist(v.esbensen)

 

I only have the mint overprint  on Dai Nippon yubin on DEI KON 30 cent.

 

And I have seen Mr Ricardo collection Postally used cover register Palembang CDS 23.7.46.(look the fotocopy),Dr iwan’s note.

 

June,21th.1946

 

The earliest Palembang handoverprint.54 violet rep. IN- Donesia

 

 

June,23th.1946

On 23 June 1946, the Dutch showed activity with mortar fire rather marvelous.The NRI did not stay silent and do not lose too vengeance that he cried so successfully silence the enemy fire.

On this day at 24.00 at night, the netherlands with a batayon keuatan moving toward Genuk, the battle immediately erupted, because the opposing force, forces repoeblik Indonesia was forced to resign so that the place was successfully occupied by the Dutch and then the existing shooting the  surrounding village

original info

Pada tanggal 23 juni 1946, pihak belanda menunjukkan kegiatannya dengan tembakan mortir yang agak hebat.Pihak NRI tidak tinggal diam dan melakukan juga pembalasan yang tidak kalah serunya sehingga berhasil membungkamkan tembakan musuh.

Pada hari ini jam 24.00 malam, pihak belanda dengan keuatan 1 batayon bergerak ke arah  Genuk, maka pertempuran segera meletus, karena kekuatan lawan,pasukan repoblik Indonesia terpaksa mengundurkan diri sehingga tempat itu berhasil diduduki Belanda dan kemudian mnembak kampubg yang ada disekelilingnya.

 

June 27. 1946

Army units under General Sudarsono open the jail in Surakarta and release Tan Malaka and his followers. Sjahrir is arrested in Surakarta while on an overnight stay the same night, and is taken to the Kraton (Sultan’s Palace) with other notable figures. General Sudarsono’s troops occupy Yogya.Sukarno declares martial law and demands Sjahrir’s release. Troops loyal to Sukarno advance on Surakarta from Surabaya; the loyal Siliwangi division sends troops to Yogya.Adam Malik and other young radicals are arrested.


Soldiers in the Siliwangi Division, 1946.

July 1946

Allies officially turn over all of Indonesia except Java and Sumatra to Dutch.

July 2General Sudarsono and Mohamed Yamin visit Sukarno in person, and demand that Sjahrir be replaced by Tan Malaka. Sjahrir, supposedly still a captive, surprises everyone by walking into the room. Sukarno orders that Sudarsono and Yamin be arrested.

July 3“July 3rd Affair”: army units release Adam Malik from jail and demand that Soedirman be put in charge of security. Sukarno takes control of the situation.Sjahrir reorganizes government to include Natsir, Sjarifuddin, the Sultan of Yogya, Haji Agus Salim, and Djuanda.

 

 

July,4th.1946

Tidak berapa lama kemudian Belanda mendapat desakan dari berbagai pihak untuk menghentikan agresinya. Sekutu Belanda (Amerika, Inggris), PBB, India, serta Australia mendesak agar dilakukan gencatan senjata. Gencatan senjata dilakukan pada 4 Agustus 1946. Untuk membantu perundingan Indonesia – Belanda dibentuk Komisi Tiga Negara (Belgia, Australia, Amerika).

July,5th.1946

The CDS Padang APandjang for recived income tax at that post office in this day ,the form use Dai nippon Daftar Oepah(Wage Tax)

 

 

 

July,10th.1946

 

The very rare Repoeblic Indonesia military picture postcard  sent from  ambarawa to Blitar

July 15th.1946

Van Mook calls conference at Malino, Sulawesi, to plan for new Dutch-sponsored state in eastern Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July,16th.1946

The very rare only one collection exist of eight off document (from one document) overprint  PTT Repoblik Indonesia,may be Lampong overprint type 52 black.

 

Handstamped Overprint Lampontg Issued type 62 black,know used at Kotaagung,Kotaboemi,Mengala,Tanjong Karang and telokbetong,

The postal history approximately 35 genuinely  entires exist(V.esbensen,1980),I donnot have this collections and  I found this hand stamped overprint on Dai Nippon overprint sunrays  on Dutch east indie revenue(triple overprint)  which never list in J.voose catalogue,Mr Voose lend the sanning of this collection to put in his new revenue catalogue, I hope he remember to put my courtecy name.

 

Also look the other  dai N9ppon sunray overprint revenue in mint condition,many only 15 cent, but this nominal never seen in used condition except one the 20 cent off document.29-5-1946

 

 

 

The rare use off document f-,20 with overprint pen line on Dai Nippon(only one ever seen, and I just found mint blobk 20 of 20 cent sunray overprint revenueDr Iwan collections)

 

The Dai Nippon  Sunrays overprint revenue 1 Rp and DEI without overpint  50 cent  on complete document in 1946

 

 

 

 

The complete ducomuen with Dai Nippon overprint Sunrays Rdevenue Rp.1,- and DEI Revenue 50 cent without overprint  in 1946

Sorry the illustration not clear in order to protect of falsification.

 

 

 

July,17th,1946

17th of July 1946.

Although one might argue that this behind-the-scenes blackmailing represented a major departure from the principles of “good offices”, the USA succesfully brokered a settlement that was signed on the Renville by both sides on 17th of July 1946.

In essense the Renville Agreement provided a framework for the two sides to achieve more pernament solution to the Indonesian question in the future.

The principles of the agreement gave official recognition to the Dutch-installed federal structure, but demanded local plebiscites and a strict timetable for post-election final settlement of the future status of Indonesian statehood six months later.

 

July,17th.1946

 

 

 

 Octob

October,23th.1946

Fake CTO Java revolutionary cover in 1946

 

 
Repoeblik Java
Initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. In these cases the date of the cancel determines whether the card was used during the occupation or thereafter. Subsequently Japanese occupation cards were overprinted with Republik Indonesia and a new value of 5 sen.

 

The first postcards designed by the Republik appeared in 1946. Towarsds the end of 1949 there followed a few local emergency issues.

 
 

 

 

 

 

Original postcard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compare with below postacrd

 

 
Republik Sumatra
As was the case on Java, initially Japanese occupation cards were used without Republican overprints. By then the tariff had doubled and we see cards with additional franking. Cards were also marked with a round postage paid mark with in the centre a T, symbol of the Japanese postal service. The mark was from the Japanese occupation period, and meant that the increased tariff had been paid.

 

As the tariffs for postcards changed several times, the cards were adapted to the new rates in numerous ways. There were very few newly designed cards issued.

July,17th.1946

 

 

 

 

Indonesian independent proclamation anniversary at medan issued special red round post mark bull picture ”Semangat Bangsa -17.8.45-Medan- 17.7.46 “ on postally used Dai Nippon postcard  with NRI overprint  Repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen from CDS Medan  17.7.46 to Medan.the rate above normal (this medan original CDS original or fake  please ,compare with the fake one the cross beside date more smaller,the fake bigger)

 

The original Medan CDS

 

The fake Medan CDS

 

July,21th.1946

 

However, tensions rose as the Dutch tried to re-claim their former colony and launched an assault

on July 21, 1947,

destroying most of the planes on the ground. Some planes survived though and were hidden in remote bases.

 

The very rare NRI Palembang  handchoped overprint Rep.In-donesia in box on complete document.

 

 

The same rep: In-donesia(wrong spelling)  revenue on complete Gas billing document

 

 

July,22th.1946

 

FDC DEI NICA USA Printed stamps Tondano CDS  22,7,1946

 

 

July,25th.1946

The Five Colors(Pantja Warna) Theatre’s  rare pamphlets , serve a special story for the day Thursday 25/07/46 “SOLO at night” (composed by kamadjaja). Artists who took part: Djoerijah, Lies pomegranate, Amelia, Riboet, M. Pandji Anom, Moesas, Awaloeddin and others.

original info

The rare pamphlet Sandiwara Pantja Warna ,menghidangkan suatu cerita istimewa untuk hari kemis 25.7.46 “SOLO DIWAKTU MALAM” (gubahan kamadjaja) .Seniman yang ambil bagian: Djoerijah,Lies delima,Amelia,Riboet,M.Pandji Anom,Moesas,Awaloeddin dan lain-lain.

July,27th.1946

The postally used cover with dai Nippon stamps send from boekittinggi

 

July,29th.1946

July,31th.1946

The original Letter with official hand chopped of Resident Soerakarta (b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 1946

 

the native repoblik Indonesia calender,with the caricature picture dutch Tank shooting the chickens(tank Belanda tembak ayam) with logo God save the king,nove 1945 info,the phillosophy of August Bebe

l(Jika jatuh dalam perjuangan yang hebat, maka turunan kita akan mengantikan kita.Kita jatuh dalam keinsjafan bahwa kita telah memenugi kewajiban kita sebagai manusia,dan dengan kepercayaan bahwa tujuan akan kita capai,bagaimanapun juga perlawanan musuh kita dan betapapun juga besarnya pengorbanan kita) and EPE Douwes dekker(Mereka(penjajah) mendapatkan cita-cita kemerdekaan politik.Mereka dengan sombong dang angkuh mengembar-gemborkan hal itu,yang selalu menjadi alasan untuk menutupi kejahatan mereka,mereka nengaggap kemerdekaannya sebagai kemerddkaaan untuk menindas bangsa lain),rare caricature during this time.

August 1946

 Combat Command FIELD AREA Tanjung Morawa

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top perakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days

 on 8-10 August 1946

to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.

(1)PERTENTANGAN YANG TIMBUL DIKALANGAN PEJUANG TIDAK BOLEH DAN TIDAK DIHARAPKAN AKAN BERJALAN TERUS TANPA ADA PENYELESAIAN YANG MENCERMINKAN KEUTUHAN KOMANDO DI SELURUH FRONT MEDAN AREA .

Para pemimpim perjuangan harus segera sadar kembali kejalan kompromi untuk kelanjutan perjuangan yang tidak mungkin dilakukan sendiri-sendiri. Suatu komando yang tidak teratur tidak akan mungkin membawa kemenangan.

Dalam hal ini Pemerintah dan komando Tentara Republik Indonesia sependapat untuk membentuk komado guna menyatukan Komado Lasykar Rakyat di Medan area, menginggat sudah cukup banyak kekuatan Lasykar Rakyat yang mengepung kota medan.Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan Lasykar rakyat sudah ada satu resimen belum lagi termasuk Batalion-batalion Tentra Republik Indonesia(Tentara Pemerntah).

Sebagaimana yang tealh diuraikan sebelumnya  penyebab adalah persaingan diklaangan partai termasuk barisan perjuangannya adalah masalah perbekalan dan perbelanjaaan, ka setelah terbentuknya suatu resimen yang teratur tentu membawa konsekwensi kepadsa masalah perbekaln juga(Caatan Dr Iwan, ternyat komando medan area yang dibentuk membuat surat huatng yang tidak pernah dibayar-ini fakta,lihat bonnya yang asli disimpan pemilik dan kemudian  ditemukan di Medan,mungkin pemiliknya sudah meninggal dunia dan keluarga tidak mngerti nilai sejarah bon hutang tersebut.)

 

Maka untuk keperluan tersebut ,seluruh perbekalan ditanggung oleh dewan Pertahanan Sumatera Timur yang berkedudukan di Tebing Tinggi.

Untuk memimpin komando resimen Kasykar Rakyat ini dipercayakan kepada Kapten NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan Komando voering selajutnya makan front Medan area dibagi dalam empat sector: Sector Barat dipegang oleh Kaptem ABd.Hamid, sector Timur dipegang Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani POhan dan sector Xelatan oleh Yahya Ibrahim(Yahya Aceh) Pasuka istimewa Pesindo Andalas utara oleh Aladin sitompul. Formulir kosong lain yang ditemui dari Kilang Tentara ,Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Jahe(in the back surat hutangdevisi Gajah II) .look the form below.

also found the 5 liter  cylinder .bonds which never paid,

Komando Medan area bonds of  one car batteriy

Another bon from kompani II batalion 1 Dipisi Panah(arrow)  Tanjung Morawa

Bon GPPI tanjomg Morawa  4500 F.

(2)KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA TANJUNG MORAWA

Operasi-operasi militer Inggris semakin intensif dilaksanakan dan kantor gubernur terpaksa dipindahkan ke kantor walikota. Markas Divisi II TKR dipindahkan pula ke Pematang Siantar. Demikian pula Laskar-laskar Pemuda memindahkan markasnya masing-masing ke luar kota Medan untuk mengadakan konsolidasi.

 

Pasukan laskar masih bertempur tanpa adanya kesatuan komando, maupun koordinasi. Lambat laun mereka menyadari kelemahan ini setelah beberapa kali menderita kerugian.


Atas perakasa Dewan Pertahanan Daerah, maka diundang para komandan laskar untuk berunding di Tebing Tinggi selama 2 hari pada

 tanggal 8-10 Agustus 1946

untuk membahas masalah perjuangan. Akhirnya mereka sepakat membentuk Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area (KRLMA).

 

 

August,2nd.1046

 

Unusual Postally overused NRA cover from Tionghoa Gimseng Java Pekalongan jalan kemplekan street CDS Pekalongan 2.8.46 overprint on repo look on Dai Nippon Java Indonesia 20 cents block 6 (rp.1.20 rate) to Tegal with Pos tentara (military sencored chopped). Handwritten Merdeka (independence) Express mail Mark bantoelah Pindjaman Nasional 1946 (Help the national leasing 1946) to Markas ALRI (The Republic Indonesia Marine Headquater) Tegal

 

August,7th.1946

the very rare postally used Dai nippon Karbouw 3 1/2 cent postal stioner,overprin Palembang Rep Indonesia in box send from  Tanjoeng Enim to Palembang.

August ,8th.1946

KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA TANJUNG MORAWA

Operasi-operasi militer Inggris semakin intensif dilaksanakan dan kantor gubernur terpaksa dipindahkan ke kantor walikota. Markas Divisi II TKR dipindahkan pula ke Pematang Siantar. Demikian pula Laskar-laskar Pemuda memindahkan markasnya masing-masing ke luar kota Medan untuk mengadakan konsolidasi.

 

Pasukan laskar masih bertempur tanpa adanya kesatuan komando, maupun koordinasi. Lambat laun mereka menyadari kelemahan ini setelah beberapa kali menderita kerugian.


Atas perakasa Dewan Pertahanan Daerah, maka diundang para komandan laskar untuk berunding di Tebing Tinggi selama 2 hari pada

 tanggal 8-10 Agustus 1946

untuk membahas masalah perjuangan. Akhirnya mereka sepakat membentuk Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area (KRLMA).

 

Konsekuensinya dari pembentukan komando ini, Laskar-laskar dibebaskan dari organisasi induknya masing-masing. Kapten Nip Karim dipilih sebagai Komandan dan Marzuki Lubis sebagai Kepala Staf. Markas Komando berada di Two Rivers. KRLMA terdiri dari 5 batalyon dan 1 kompi istimewa dengan pembagian wilayah dan tanggung jawab pasti.

August,9th.1046

The Help Post(bij Post ) Tanjong Priok Batavia circulair date stamped on Wihelmina NICA USA  printing stamp 20 cent off cover(repaired postmark)

 

 

 

August,10th.1946

Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

Name  Soewarto  lower level employees basic salary  first 3 F 30 ,F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

tanggan sign superimposed over the seal of  Plaksegel  the revenue of the republic of Indonesia 50 cent dated 10/08/46 by Marsoedi

 

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

Nama Soewarto pegawai rendah tingkat 3 dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel  meterai republik Indonesia 50 sen tanggal 10.8.46 oleh Marsoed(bulan Juni rate meterai 15 sen),dan Juli belum ditemukan koleksi, agustus lima puluh sen-catatan dr iwan(

 

 

11th of August.1946

Meanwhile the political situation in the region kept developing. A key former Communist leader, Musso, a leader of the failed coup of 1927 returned from USSR on 11th of August and was received by Sukarno.

Musso soon reorganized the ranks of the reformed and expanded PKI, what now included both labor and socialist parties and absorbed many local forces that had been previously aligned to Unified Front of Tan Malaka.

The new PKI completely rejected all the existing treaties as illegal Western meddling of internal affairs of free and sovereign Republic of Indonesia, and worked towards the overthrow of the existing Hatta regime as a reactionary clique of Japanese Quislings that was selling out the Indonesian revolution to their former Dutch oppressors.


Musso – a wild card from Moscow.

When the local parliamentery elections on federal level took place on January 1947, the interim federal political system promoted van Mook had been operational for half a year.

 It was based on constituent states that shared the same artificial character, being almost without exceptions nothing but spontaneous creations of Indonesians themselves.

 

The small minority of Indonesians whose positive support the Dutch were able to enlist in the fifteen “states” (negaras) and “autonomous areas” (daerah instimewas) which they established consisted largely of groups who had had privileged positions in the former structure of NEI (Ambonese Christian population of South Moluccans being the prime example), elements of the local aristocracies who feaded loss of their political and economic positions under Republican rule and who were totally dependant on Dutch for military support, and political opportunists dissatisfied with their future prospects under the Republic.

Of the thirteen federal units created by the Dutch, four were states, while nine had the status of autonomous territories.

 Those in the second category were usually much smaller in population than those in the first – or in some case had been more recently created.

 The theory upon which this distinction was officially based was that the less populous of these territories (and usually the most backward with respect to economic development) were fit to receive a lesser degree of self-government than the larger, and were to be more dependent upon the central government of the federation.

 The six states with approximate populations they claimed to administer (considerable areas often beign under Republican control) were East Indonesia (comprising Celebes and Lesser Sundas) 10 000 000, Madura 1 800 000, South Moluccans 350 000, East Sumatra 1 700 000, and South Sumatra 1 500 000.

The autonomous areas ranged in population from about 100 000 (Riouw) to about 1 000 000 (West Borneo): the other six autonomous areas being Bandjar, Great Dayak, Southeast Borneo, East Borneo, Bangka and Billiton.

Generally the grand plan in the federal project of van Mook and other Dutch colonial officials had aimed to retain at least some level of indirect control over former territories of NEI by pitting the locals against one another by supporting the alledged demands of local autonomy and federalism.

 After the first local elections were held, the Dutch officials knew that they had suffered their final loss.

 

 

Pro-Republican candidates had secured strong majorities in all local parliaments except in South Moluccans. It was no wonder.

The new states were simply too artificial, and the little initial support the new federal states of the USI might have had among the local population quickly faded when their political realities as colonial puppet states became obvious.

As an example the new states were initially given theoretical responsibility of for finance, justice, general economic affairs, police, education, information, health, social affairs, industry, shipping, forestry, agrarian affairs and irrigation, but the exercise of most of these powers was initially vitiated by the numerous general and particular powers specifically reserved to the federal interim government that was based in Batavia and was run by NICA bureaucracy administered by former NIE colonial officials. Unwilling to give up the little power it had managed to retain, the Dutch colonialism had thus doomed itself to vanish entirely from political life of Indonesia.


Repaired Tarakan oil fields in Borneo. As the Dutch colonial power was fading away, foreign companies were eager to enter to emerging Indonesian markets.

 

 

 

August,12th.1946


Quote decree Chief Officer Post, Telegraph, Telephone and Radio Republik Indonesia, Sumatra Province, Meteapkan began on August 12, 1946, was appointed as Head of Post Offices and telegraph (wire) in Padang.Joesoef title Soetan Komis Bandaro currently in office. Signed by the Head of Public Affairs PTTR Soematra, Bgaian Administration.

copy to the postmaster and wire (telegram) in Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang Indonesia Independence post office revoluition During 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

 

original info

Kutipan surat keputusan Kepala Pejabat Pos,Telegrap,Telepon dan Radio Republik Indonesia,Provinsi Sumatra, Menetapkan mulai tanggal 12 Agustus 1946,diangkat sebagai Kepala Kantor Pos dan telegrap(kawat) di Padang.Joesoef gelar Soetan Bandaro yang saat ini Komis pada kantor tersebut. Ditanda tangani oleh Kepala PTTR Soematra Urusan Umum, Bgaian Administrasi.

tembusan kepada kepala kantor pos dan kawat(telegram) di Padang.

(extre rare original document of Padang post office during Indonesia Independence revoluition 1946-Dr Iwan Note)

(b)Decree of the Supervisory Pejabatan (Jabatan) Pegadiaan kebumen.Keboemen Affairs On the 8th of the month 4 in 1946.

Decides that the employee’s basic salary in the list below, as of 1 January 1946, set out a number of plots 7 dafta with note that the basic salary will be changed and taken into account when one menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake lower level employees basic (pokok) salary  first 3 F 30 F 35 now.

In accordance with the decree is

on behalf of the Supervisory Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Affairs, komis

 

tangan sign superimposed over the seal of overprint Pati  Plaksegel patgi 2x 10 cents and the seal of the republic of Indonesia 2x 15 cents dated 12/08/46 by Marsoedi

 

 

 

 

original info:

Surat Keputusan  Pengawas Pejabatan (Jabtan) Pegadiaan Negeri Di kebumen.Keboemen tanggal 8 bulan 4 tahun 1946.

Memutuskan gaji pokok pegawai yang tersebut dalam daftar dibawah ini,terhitung tanggal 1 januari 1946 ,ditetapkan sejumlah dalam petak 7 dafta ini dengan catatan bahwa gaji pokok akan diubah dan diperhitungkan apabila salah menetapkanya.

NamaR.Moh Nesoake pegawai rendah tingkat 3 gaji poko dulu F 30 sekarang F 35.

Sesuai dengan surat ketetapan tersebut

atas nama Pengawas Pejabatan Pengadaiaan Negeri,komis

tanda tanggan diatas meterai Plaksegel cetak tindih pati 2x 10 sen dan meterai republik Indonesia 2x 15 sen tanggal 12.8.46 oleh Marsoedi

August.13th.1946

 

Express postcard (Bul RJ17) with “postage dibajar JK” (not mentioned in Bul) Djokjakarta 13.8.46, propaganda stamp Support the National Loan 1946 to Magelang Bul means Bulterman Catalogue

 

 

 

August,14th.1948

The rare specila Posta stationer NRi for Our Young delegetion fund with ship illustration, the fund for join the NRI Youth congress,send from Tjirebon to Djkarta.

August,17th.1948

(a)One years  Republic Indonesiqa Independence proclamation day, west sumatra prepare  special postal stationer card, but the ducth keep all the card and burn, but one card ,the only one exist in the world still found but used latter in 1947 from Priaman to Kayoetanam ,republic Indonesia Area in west  sumatra, with border Loeboek Aloeng.

West Sumatra Special Issue One Year Independent Postal Stationer Card ,Postally Used from Priaman To Kayutanam.

 

 

(a) Djakarta Posstal office  red Repoeblik Indonesia postal stamped with rolling stamped , I have found postally used card with this postal stamped,CDS Djakrta 17.8.45 but in bad quality with digita restored still can read the date

 

(b).the fine stamped look Mr Ricardo collections And also I have seen Mr Ricardo have the same postal stamped  but used CDS Djkarta 19.6.46

 

 

 

Look the picture of Djakarta Post Office guard by TRI soldier in August,17th.1946

 

 

 

 

 

(c) Only one ever seen,nover list in catalogue, extreme rare one years Indonesia Independent -Padang special round postmark on Mr Soewil Padang postman note colletion on a document with five postmark on sumatra repoeblik indonesia revolution stamp

 

 

(this postmark from padang never seen on postally used cover, not add the illustration here,because this collections only special for international exhibition showPTT Medan issued special postmark too for anniversary one years independence,this post mark list in catalogue and ever found poostally used, this post mark wuith Medan CDS 18.5.46  was given from mr Gho kong Liang senior Padang Phillatelist to Dr Iwan in 1969-Dr Iwan note)

(d)the very rare only one ever seen  Postally used Dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint  HAND STAMPED TYPE 64 black”ptt repoeblik indonesia”, THIS ONELY ONE CARD IN THE WORLD have send from mr ismail chief of general division PTT Middle sumatra bukittinggi to <r soewil Postman Padang,( Mr v esbensen in his catalogue writeen , Only known CTO boekittinggi 24.1.46,does anyone have used  fragment or cover ? probabbly a phillatelic creation,not in the Dai nippon catalogues. with this original collections , this card not phillatelic creation, but the original emergeny overprint by the chief of PTT middle sumatra, to made free of stamps cover,this very rare cover I sold to Mr Karel in high price,but now he sold at van dieten in 2010, and I donnot now the new owner,please sent info via comment,thanks very muxh-dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

(e) the book illustration of The NRI flag Red and white “dikibarkan” at  east Pegangsaan  street no 56 ‘s  in order to annyversary one year independence .building(b)

 

(f) The NRI sumatra independence fund  stamps  issued in August,17th 1946 collection on specila album(b)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

.

(g) The Padang Potmaster Soewil had made a amizing CTO postcard,cover and othe type collection for anniversary

(1) one year Indonenesia Indpendence day

 

(2) the cover with oblique overprint Rep Ind on ddai Nippon Sumatra  Ovpt T on Kon.10 cent with First NRI stamp without independence fund(two cover)

 

 

 

(3)             The first Sumatra’s  President Sukarno stamps CTO on cover with Independence fund stamps 5,15 and 40 sen stamp(one cover)

 

The Sukarno issue (zon 74) ,CTO stamp and cover are common,extreme rare genuinely used,approximately 5 genuinely used entires,the earliest date, ….,8,46(v.esbensen)

 

 

The tMA catalogue said this stamps two type of paper thin (rare) and tebal(commen) mint.I have found only off cover genuinely used CDS  31.7.47 very late used.I never seen this stamp genuinely  postally used cover.

 

(4)error printing nri independence fund stamp:

(4a)Misperforation of.

 

block four Independence fund sumatra  dark brown stamp and mirror image stamps of 40 sen dark brown and 5 sen stamp block three(the only one bigger block exist), also one full sheet of 5 sen with double perforations

 

 

(4b) NRU Sumatra Error Print Stamp

 

mirror image 5 sen independence fund stamps block two,block three and single stamp.

(4c)one full sheet 5 cen independence fund stamps

with double perforations

Close up

 

(5)Independence fund Sumatra first def.Issued stamps mint collection

 

(6)the compklete  set overpirnt Rep;Ind;ond dai nipoon Sumatra definitive stamp with  not: in 17.8.46, with handchoped rep:Ind; at Padang Post Officed had  overprint all the stamp in the postoffice by  abbrivation I(ismael),S(soewil), M(marah infdramadewa) and  not known)-two document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(h) Dutch phillatelic magazibne, september 1946,with the first Bung Karno sumatra stamps and first Java NRI stamp illustration(rare document

 

(1) The Medan special Postmark one years independence  and Medan original CDS look the cross beside the date small.diferent from the fake one.

 

 

Surat Keterangan Tamat Sekolah Rakjat  Repoeblik Indonesia

 

Sragen  pada 17 hari,Agoestoes,1946

 

Atas nama Jatin dari Sekolah ra’jat No 5 Sragen Soerakarta  kelas enam

 

yang Ditanda tangani diatas Meterai Repoeblik Indonesia tanpa gigi oleh Kepala Sekolah Rakjat Sragen S.Prawirohardjo dan disahkan oleh

 

atas nama krepala Kabupaten dengan cap dinas

 

(ditemukan di kota Solo tahun 2012 oleh dr Iwan)

 

 

 

 

Graduate Certificate of Education of the People Repoeblik Indonesia
Sragen in 17 days, Agoestoes, 1946


On behalf  Jatin of J the People (Ra’jat) School  No. 5 Sragen Soerakarta sealand  signed on Repoeblik Indonesia without teeth by the Head of the People school of  sragen S.Prawirohardjo and

 

passed by on behalf regent chief  with stamp duty

. ( provenance .was found in 2012 in the town of Solokby -dr Iwan )

               

 

August,28th.1946

 

Rare Palembang NRI overprint rep-in-donesia  CDS Palembang 29.8.46 and the  official chopped of dai Nippon hinomaru ball, half  of red off and became red and white Indonesian flag .the dai Nippon also off became Palembang only

August,24th.1948

In this day theearliest used Regular Java Issued Stamp

 

Zonnebloemen and Gibbons say this set was printed in Djokjarta,dai Nippon says Djakarta.does anyone know which is correct? The following perforation exist, 5c,30 cent-11,11×11 1/2 and 2o cent-11.11x 11 ½,the earliewst used on money order CDS Paoeroean 24.6.46(v.esbensen ,1980)

 

In my collection

 

 

 

(a)  off cover  CDS Djatibarang 13.11.6,

 

 

 

 Sugar paltation at djatibarang

 

 

 

 

(b)  Used on money order fragment CDS  Soerabia Gondolajoe 27.11.46

 

 

 

Vintage photo of gondolajoe

 

 

 

(c)   Mint 30 cent

August,25th.1946

the rare People bank(Bank Ra’jat ) saving book Koedus used the Dai nippon Syomin Ginko  Syomin tyokin overprint with red line, front cove,

and at the in book green label of  saving money 22 augustus 1946 F 39.-

August,31th.1946

 

(a) The rare Mr ricardo collection,postally used overprint Repoeblik Indonesia with bar on DEI dancer 2 cent stamp added  dancer 3 cent adn 4 cent without overprint and porto 1 gulden send from cds Salem 31.8.46 to Djakarta.

 

(a1)Decree of the Regional Supervisor PTT central Sumatra.

Menginggat and considering all possibilities that would occur in a precarious atmosphere in the city of Padang

Considering that in order to (make) controlling interest in the work of the Indonesian republic dinas PTT

Setting the start date 30/8 .1946 ,removed from the office of Post / wire (telegram) Padang to the Office of the Regional Oversight Kepala PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

Bachtiar clerk (workers) Post Office / wire (telegram) Padang.

Quote this ordinance be sent to:

1, Branch Head PTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Post Office / wire (telegram) in Padang

3.yth resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra

4.Yang bersangkutan

Supervisory area  PTT Central Sumatra

Ismail signature.

original info:

Surat Keputusan Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra tengah.

Mengnggat serta memperhatikan segala kemungkinan yang akan terjadi dalam suasana genting dikota Padang

Menimbang bahwa untuk(buat) kepentingan mengendalikan pekerjaan dalam dinaas PTT Repoeblik Indonesia

Menetapkan mulai tanggal 30/8_’46 dipindahkan dari kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang ke Kantor Kepla Pengawas Daerah PTT Sumatra Tengah Bukittinggi

BACHTIAR klerk(pekerja) Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) Padang.

Kutipan ketetapan ini dikirim kepada:

1,Kepala Cabang Pusat PTT Sumatra di Bukittinggi

2.Kepala Kantor Pos/kawat(telegram) di Padang

3.yth residen sumatra barat di bukittinggi

4.Yang bersangkutan

a/n Pengawas Dearah PTT Sumatra Tengah tanda tangan Ismail.

(b) the  star weekly magazine this day info

several illustration ,picture up : Let.general Van mook and Lt.general Manserg look the 31th agustus Parade. the center picture: the Member which “loeka” in the battle with extrimest(dutch called repoblic as ectrimist) also look the parade, below left: The scoot Seaforth highlander  parae(british army) ,below right : the royal Dutch  Marine’s nurse parade.

 

 

(A) Oeawang (Papermoney) each f 1000, – boeat (for) Ka (to) Djakarta

Below we’ll tell you one thing, which can give the impression to the readers, how “wrong” is actually a state in areas of ditaro (put) were taken care of people who irresponsibly, but that works on behalf of the Indonesian republic. In New York has until (arrive) 68 Chinese people from the area Krawang, that by paying oewang (money) ransom f 1000, – per head has been able to (can) buy the privilege Aken (to) be the area under the control of States ( Djakarta). Boeat (For) the journey that must (should) be done with the dark road ahead after they paid jumalh requested, he was told to gather in one place, then he was (they) are allowed to leave, but moesti (should) do the trip was night and by foot, while the daytime, hey must mengoempet (hiding) in the forest. 68 Chinese, who have come to Djakarta have been menlintas street for three days and four nights, do not be surprised when they arrived at a state Djkarta exhausted.

(B) Tjina (chinese) semoea (entirely) Toeroen (down)! There Tjina tida (not)!

Tionghoa residents, who have not been able atu have no money to pay the money Thiap (help) in the area can only wait and hope for the arrival of help. Every day they are still listening, how if there is a train came in, militias on beteriak (berkaokan): Tjina-China all down, Merdeka Bung! There Tjina not?

With all forms (roepa) roads, prevented people tionghoa make traveling by train, so do not (need to) be surprised if it makes (make) many Chinese living so helter-skelter (trouble) because they could not trade or looking for life.

(C) Leader We must not “oentjang” (rocking) Legs!

From the narrative (story) in the ATS is obvious, that the situation had become so rupa9bentuk) so no time anymore for the Leader We’re sitting in the Committee of the Brotherhood of Chinese-Indonesian and Chinese victims Rescue Committee, as well as the Chinese Consulate-general may continue to remain silent. Tsiang Consul never express his thoughts, that the greatness and terpandangnya tionghoa nation as a great nation state (not nation talukkan or who lost the war) there lies in each person and teruitama tionghoa the leader. So we believe all of the leaders or any person who wishes to be recognized itself as leaders of love (want to) try with all his strength, do not keep playing the most rocking feet or just simply pick up the phone, scroll through your sleeves and take appropriate action immediately. Bnayak among youngsters we are always willing to be sent to where needed, some of them tealh prove the other day with the success of the nation’s soul kita.Segala helped thousands of pointless chatter (nonsense), and protests over the paper just now passed his time

 

 

 

original info

(a) Oeawan(Papermoney) tiap f 1000,- boet (untuk) Ka(ke)Djakarta

Di bawah ini kita akan ceritakan satu hal, yang dapat memberi kesan pada pembaca,bagaimana “beres” sebenarnya keadaan didaerah yang ditaro(taruh) dibawa penjagaan orang yang tak bertanggung jawab,tapi yang bekerja atas nama pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia. Di Djakarta telah sampe(tiba) 68 orang Tionghoa dari daerah Krawang,yang dengan membayar oewang(uang)  tebusan f 1000,- per kepala telah bisa (dapat)  beli itu hak istimewa aken(untuk) boleh ke daerah yang berada dibawah kekuasaan Serikat(Djakarta). Boeat(Untuk) itu perjalanan  yang musti(seharusnya) dilakukan dengan jalan gelap lebih dahulu sesudah  mereka bayar jumalh yang diminta, ia orang disuruh berkumpul di satu tempat, kemudian ia orang(mereka) di izinkan  berangkat, tapi moesti(harus) lakukan perjalanan  tengah malam buta dan dengan jalan kaki, sedang kalau siang hari ,ereka harus mengoempet(bersembunyi) di dalam hutan. 68 orang Tionghoa itu, yang telah sampai Djakarta telah menlintas jalan itu selama tiga hari empat malam, tidak perlu heran saat sampai di Djkarta keadaan mereka lelah sekali.

(b) Tjina(chinese) semoea(seluruhnya) Toeroen(turun)!Ada Tjina tida(tidak)!

Penduduk tionghoa ,yang belum dapat atu tidak mempunyai uang untuk membayar uang Thiap(bantuan) didaerah hanya bisa menunggu dan mengharapkan datangnya pertolongan. Tiap hari mereka masih saja mendengarkan,bagaiman kalau ada kereta api masuk, laskar-laskar pada beteriak(berkaokan):Tjina-tjina semua turun,Merdeka Bung! Ada Tjina tidak?

Dengan segala bentuk(roepa)  jalan,orang tionghoa dihalang buat bepergian dengan naik kereta api,sehingga tidak usah(perlu) heran kalau cara ini membuat(membikin)  penghidupan banyak orang Tionghoa jadi morat-marit(kesulitan) karena tidak dapat berdagang atau mencari buat hidup.

(c) Pemimpin Kita tidak boleh “oentjang”(goyang) Kaki!

Dari penuturan(berita) di ats ini nyatalah,bahwa keadaan sudah jadi begitu rupa9bentuk) sehingga bukan waktunya lagi untuk Pemimpin Kita yang duduk dalam Panitia Persaudaraan Tionghoa-Indonesia dan Komite Penolong korban Tionghoa,begitu juga Konsulat-general Tiongkok boleh tinggal diam terus. Konsul Tsiang pernah utarakan pikirannya, bahwa kebesaran and terpandangnya bangsa tionghoa sebagai satu bangsa Negara besar (bukan bangsa talukkan atau yang kalah perang) ada terletak pada masing-masing orang tionghoa dan teruitama pada pemimpinnya. Maka kita percaya seluruh pemimpin atau segala orang yang ingin diakui dirinya sebagai pemimipin suka(mau) berusaha dengan segenap tenaganya,jangan terus main guncang kaki atau paling banyak hanya angkat telepon saja, gulunglah lengan baju dan ambil tindakan yang tepat segera. Bnayak antara pemuda pemudi kita senantiasa bersedia untuk dikirim ke tempat yang diperlukan, sebagian mereka tealh buktikan tempo hari dengan berhasilnya ditolong ribuan jiwa bangsa kita.Segala obrolan tak ada gunanya(nonsen) dan protes diatas kertas saja sekarang sudah lewat zamannya.

September 1946

Bakti Pertahanan(defend tax) repoeblik Indonesia west sumatra,  f.10. block four  used in september 1946(very rare tax )

(a)KNIP pleno meeting at solo, look the picture of Mr Amir Sjarifuddin talking about the hot situation

and the Sjahrir cabinet  falling down after the oposition “Pesatoen Perjoeangan “(unity Fighting) didnot accept Sjahrir policy”Politik Damai” look the picture of Presiden,vice presiden and prime menistry Sjahrir during the KNIP meeeting.

(b)Talks are reopened between the Sjahrir government and the Dutch at Linggarjati, near Cirebon.

 


soekarno inspeksi di malang 1946

   

 

 

September ,1st.1946

(a)The used Republic Indonesia java revenue -.15 bold  used on buying bicylce bon document.

 

(b) The Dai Nippon Lottere “oendian Oeang Djaea Gunseikanbu” stiil exist until  september 1st 1946.

September,4th.1946

The CDS Padang Panjang post office on label for paying Income Tax with Padang Panjang NRI west sumatra tax office NRI official handcoped. (interesting collections found from from my wife grandpa document,

I had lend a scanning to Mr Vosse to put in his Revenue catalogue, I hope he remember to put my name a the courtecy, I never seen this very rare NRI Sumatra tax collection in nay exhibiton of catalogue before,may be this only one in the wolrd-Dr Iwan Note).

 

 

 

 

 

September ,10th 1946

The rare error printinh extreme off center which made the repoeblik became below the revenue,compare with the normal one

 

 

Another revenue error “Rai” of meterai missing

 

 

September,11th.1946

Mr Goi Tjoen Goan .later The Padang Policeman,lost during PRRI 1958 , decree of Amacab Padang  with fee f 15.- signed by “Het hoof(the chief) der afdeeling Personeele Zaken(prsnonil division of AMACAB) -rare document ,never seen before.(Dr Iwan collections, I know Mr G.T.Goan child, and in 1956 he ever help me to Hospital because my head were “Luka”  with his police double size box Harley davison motorcycle, the hospital now at Cathlic School Framter middle school . the german doctor stich my head,and gave the verband to all my hand like the sikh sorban) and bring me home ,where my Father and Pasto mario just talking in the front of my house in Boendokandoeng street no.16 padang,now broken during big eartquake in 2010,oh I alway remember mr Goei ,the fatman or  called i n indonesia Sigapuk,this for rememberance to his chilred Mrs Lien,now stayed at kelapa gading jakarta, hallo Mrs Lien this  a remembrance of your loving father,Dr Iwan Note)

 

 

 

 

14 September 1946

September 22-24 ,1946

Violent anti-war protests in Amsterdam

October 1946

October,1st.1946

 

The postally used Nica postal stationer card,send from Singkawang Prisoner of war camp to soerabaia

 

 

Konsekuensinya dari pembentukan komando ini, Laskar-laskar dibebaskan dari organisasi induknya masing-masing. Kapten Nip Karim dipilih sebagai Komandan dan Marzuki Lubis sebagai Kepala Staf. Markas Komando berada di Two Rivers. KRLMA terdiri dari 5 batalyon dan 1 kompi istimewa dengan pembagian wilayah dan tanggung jawab pasti.


Atas prakarsa pimpinan Divisi Gajah dan KRIRMA pada

10 Oktober 1946

 disetujui untuk mengadakan serangan bersama. Sasaran yang akan direbut di Medan Timur adalah Kampung Sukarame, Sungai Kerah.

 

Di Medan barat ialah Padang Bulan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, sedangkan di Medan selatan adalah kota Matsum yang akan jadi sasarannya. rencana gerakan ditentukan, pasukan akan bergerak sepanjang jalan Medan-Belawan.

 

At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar.

 On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.


Hari “H” is determined date

 October 27, 1946 at 20:00

 the first target Meda east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.


It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to mengehentikannya.

October,2th.1946

The postally used red cross java Postcard type Geuzendam G 10.

This card are said to have been sold with a 10 cent surcharge for the red Cross and to have been printed at the Merdeka printing works in Djokjakarta.As usual there is is no documentated evidence or previous literature to prove it.(v.esbensen,1980)

 

 

THE POSTALLY UDSED CARD SEND FROM Trengiling,Poerbolinggo CDS 2.10.46 to Djakarta.(Dr Iwan collections)

 

October,3rd.1945

October-3rd-1945

Indonesian people demonstration at semarang in October ,3th.1945

 

October,6th.1946

the Postally used dai nippon postal stationer karbouw 3 1/2 cent overprint repoeblik in squared box ,PORTO DIBAJAR  and postmark Repoebli indonesia PTT,send from lamongan to Malang

 

 

 

 

October,8th.1946

 

Provenance Dai Nippon club netherland(fake? No coomunication from republic to foreign countries))

 

October,9th.1946

The Padang Income tax document ,paid via post office

 

October,10th.1946


Atas prakarsa pimpinan Divisi Gajah dan KRIRMA pada

10 Oktober 1946

 disetujui untuk mengadakan serangan bersama. Sasaran yang akan direbut di Medan Timur adalah Kampung Sukarame, Sungai Kerah.

The very rare off document ,used block five rep.Indonesia bea meterai(revenue) f 0,15

 

 

October 14 th.1946

Preliminary military truce signed at Linggarjati.

October,18th.1946

The document of buying Bonds Kretek cigar menara with nri java revenue

 

 

October,23th.1946

The  used of Republc Indonesia -,15  bigger bold type Repoeblic Indonesia revenue on complete document, (buying bicycle)

 

 

 

 

 

Kaliurang 23 October 1945

Under British pressure, Van Mook meets with Sukarno for informal talks.
Neither side gives ground

 

October,24th.1940

People bank(bank Ra’jat) Jogyakarta saving book with NRI revenue -,15 sen ,saving this day 7000. and RI R 140,-

 

 

 

 

 

October,26th.1946

The new Dutc leader

 


Dr. Louis Joseph Maria Beel
High Commissioner of the Crown
in the Dutch East Indies
29 October 48 – 18 May 49

Hari “H” ditentukan tgl 27 Oktober 1946 pada jam 20.00,

sasaran pertama Meda timur dan Medan selatan. Tepat pada hari “H”, Batalyon A Resimen Laskar rakyat di bawah Bahar bergerak menduduki Pasar Tiga bagian Kampung Sukarame, sedangkan Batalyon B menuju ke kota Matsum dan menduduki Jalan Mahkamah dan Jalan Utama. Di Medan barat Batalyon 2 Resimen lasykar rakyat dan pasukan Ilyas Malik bergerak menduduki jalan Pringgan, kuburan China dan Jalan Binjei.


Patut diketahui, bahwa beberapa waktu yang lalu, pihak Inggris telah menyerahkan sebagian kekuasaannya kepada Belanda.

 

Pada saat sebagian pasukan Inggris bersiap-siap untuk ditarik dan digantikan oleh pasukan Belanda, pasukan kita menyerang mereka. Gerakan-gerakan batalyon-batalyon Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area rupanya tercium oleh pihak Inggris/Belanda. Daerah Medan selatan dihujani dengan tembakan mortir. Pasukan kita membalas tembakan dan berhasil mengehentikannya.

Sementara itu Inggris menyerang seluruh Medan selatan. Pertempuran jarak dekat berkobar di dalam kota.

 

 

 

 

October,27th.1946

British military operations intensified executed and forced the governor’s office moved into the mayor’s office. Headquarters Division II TKR was transferred again to the Siantar. Similarly, Laskar-paramilitary youth moved his base of each out of the city of Medan to consolidate. Paramilitary troops still fighting in the absence of unity of command, and coordination. Gradually they realized this weakness after several losses.
Top prakasa Regional Defense Council, then invited the commanders of the army to negotiate on the Cliff High for 2 days on 8-10 August 1946 to discuss the problem of the struggle. Finally they agreed to form the People’s Warriors Field Regiment Command Area (KRLMA). The consequence of the formation of this command, Laskar-army liberated from their respective parent organizations. Nip selected as captain Karim Marzuki Lubis as Commander and Chief of Staff. Command Headquarters located in Two Rivers. KRLMA consists of five battalions and a special company with a division of territory and responsibility for sure.
At the initiative of the leadership of the Division of Elephant and KRIRMA on October 10, 1941 approved to hold a joint attack. Targets to be seized in the East is the Kampung Medan Sukarame, River collar. On the west is the Padang Bulan Medan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, whereas in the south is the city of Medan Matsum that will be his target. determined movement plan, troops will move along the path Medan-Belawan.
The Dayof  ”H” is determined date October 27, 1946 at 20:00, the first target Medan east and south of Medan. Exactly on the day of “H”, A Regiment Battalion Warriors of the people under Bahar move to occupy the village of Three Markets Sukarame, while Battalion B Matsum to the city and occupied the Court Street and Main Street. In Medan west Battalion 2nd Regiment of the people and army troops moved to occupy the road Ilyas Malik Pringgan, China and Road Binjei cemetery.
It is worth noting, that some time ago, the British had to give up some powers to the Dutch. At the time some British troops preparing to be withdrawn and replaced by Dutch troops, our forces attacked them. Movements Regiment battalions Medan Area People’s army apparently wafted by the English / Dutch. Medan area south bombarded by mortar fire. Our troops returned fire and managed to stop it.
Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gun cease fireg held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line. British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Three days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Pulau Brayan on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

October ,27th.1946

The Cover and income tax form from the Tax Office Djakarta

,the cover used dai nippon Djakarta Tokubetu-si Oeroesan Padjak, the Tokubetu-si overprin red pen lines. free stamp CDS Djkarta 21.10.46 with official stamped “National government Djakrta  Tax division round stamped.

 

Di Medan barat ialah Padang Bulan, Petisah, Jalan Pringgan, sedangkan di Medan selatan adalah kota Matsum yang akan jadi sasarannya. rencana gerakan ditentukan, pasukan akan bergerak sepanjang jalan Medan-Belawan.


Hari “H” ditentukan tgl 27 Oktober 1946 pada jam 20.00,

sasaran pertama Meda timur dan Medan selatan. Tepat pada hari “H”, Batalyon A Resimen Laskar rakyat di bawah Bahar bergerak menduduki Pasar Tiga bagian Kampung Sukarame, sedangkan Batalyon B menuju ke kota Matsum dan menduduki Jalan Mahkamah dan Jalan Utama. Di Medan barat Batalyon 2 Resimen lasykar rakyat dan pasukan Ilyas Malik bergerak menduduki jalan Pringgan, kuburan China dan Jalan Binjei.


Patut diketahui, bahwa beberapa waktu yang lalu, pihak Inggris telah menyerahkan sebagian kekuasaannya kepada Belanda.

 

Pada saat sebagian pasukan Inggris bersiap-siap untuk ditarik dan digantikan oleh pasukan Belanda, pasukan kita menyerang mereka. Gerakan-gerakan batalyon-batalyon Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area rupanya tercium oleh pihak Inggris/Belanda. Daerah Medan selatan dihujani dengan tembakan mortir. Pasukan kita membalas tembakan dan berhasil mengehentikannya.

Sementara itu Inggris menyerang seluruh Medan selatan. Pertempuran jarak dekat berkobar di dalam kota.

 

Pada keesokan harinya(28 oktober 1946)

 kota Matsum bagian timur diserang kembali. Pasukan Inggris yang berada di Jalan Ismailiah berhasil dipukul mundur.

 

October,28th.1946

 

 Pada keesokan harinya(28 oktober 1946)

 kota Matsum bagian timur diserang kembali. Pasukan Inggris yang berada di Jalan Ismailiah berhasil dipukul mundur.

 

(a)the very rare  used repoeblik Indonesia f o,5o and f 1,- on frament document  type WSR 2 ,

 

only one fragment used ever seen, not many used becaus e devaluation, the mint of f 0,50 and f 1.- found in bigger blog look below;

 

 

 

 

(b)The complete sold and buy Land ‘s document with 3x NRI revenue -.50 sen .

 

October ,29th .1946

(1)the recieved money for buying  sero(bonds) of cigarete Menara koedoes, 29.10.46. the three red paper document (kwitansi) with same date this day with  different Repoeblic Indonesia f -,15 one small bold ,bigger bold and small  thin type.

(2) The picture of Central Jakarta Post Office,during many people exchange Dai nippon Money with Republic indonesia Money(ORI)

 

 

(3)The Djakarta  income Tax document

 

 

 

And the cover from Djakarta tax office

 

 

October,31th.1946

The west sumtra income tax document

 

 

November 1946

Meanwhile, the British attacked the southern field. Close combat raged in the city. On the next day Matsum eastern city was attacked again. British troops are located at Jalan Ismailiah successfully repelled.

While the battle took place, out of order

on 3 November 1946

gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line.

Sementara pertempuran berlangsung, keluar perintah pada

3 November 1946

gencetan senjata diadakan dalam rangka penarikan pasukan Inggris dan pada gencatan senjata itu dilakukan, digunakan untuk berunding menentukan garis demarkasi.

 

 

AWAL BERDIRINYA SATUAN BRIMOB

Pada 14 November 1946

 Perdana Menteri Sutan Sjahrir membentuk Mobile Brigade (Mobrig) sebagai ganti Pasukan Polisi Istimewa.

Tanggal ini ditetapkan sebagai hari jadi Korps Baret Biru. Pembentukan Mobrig ini dimaksudkan Sjahrir sebagai perangkat politik untuk menghadapi tekanan politik dari tentara dan sebagai pelindung terhadap kudeta yang melibatkansatuan-satuan militer.

Di kemudian hari korps ini menjadi rebutan antara pihak polisi dan militer.Biru.

Brimob pertama kali terbentuk dengan nama Pasukan Polisi Istimewa. Kesatuan ini pada mulanya diberikan tugas untuk melucuti senjata tentara Jepang, melindungi kepala negara, dan mempertahankan ibukota. Brimob turut berjuang dalam pertempuran 10 November 1945 di Surabaya.

 

 

Di bawah pimpinan Inspektur Polisi I Moehammad Jasin, Pasukan Polisi Istimewa ini memelopori pecahnya pertempuran 10 November melawan Tentara Sekutu.

 

 

Sukarno appointed St sjahrin  

as the chief Indonesia delegataion at lingardjati meeting

in November 1946

 

 

With the good offices of Lord Killearn of Great Britain, Indonesian and Dutch representatives met at Linggarjati in West Java.
The negotiations resulted in the de facto recognition by the Dutch of lndonesia’s sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura.
The Linggarjati Agreement was initialled

on November 1946 and signed on March 25, 1947.

But the agreement was a violation of Indonesia’s independence proclamation of August 17, 19A5, which implied sovereignty
over the whole territory of the Republic. As such, it met with the widespread disapproval of the people. Hence, guerrilla fighting continued, bringing heavy pressure on Dutch troops.

 

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands

on November 15 1946.

Three days after the British left the city of Medan,

the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island

Tiga hari setelah Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, Belanda mulai melanggar gencatan senjata.

 

Di pulau Brayan pada tanggal

21 November 1946,

Belanda merampas harta benda penduduk, dan pada hari berikutnya Belanda membuat persoalan lagi dengan menembaki pos-pos pasukan Laskar di Stasiun Mabar, juga Padang Bulan ditembaki.

 

Pihak Laskar membalas. Kolonel Schalten ditembak ketika meliwati di depan pos Lasykar. Belanda membalas dengan serangan besar-besaran di pelosok kota.

 

Angkatan Udara Belanda melakukan pengeboman, sementara itu di front Medan selatan di Jalan Mahkamah kita mendapat tekanan berat, tapi di Sukarame gerakan pasukan Belanda dapat dihentikan.

 

on 21 November 1946,

 the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan were shooting

read more about St Sjahrir

The little known prime minister

The Jakarta Post | Life | Tue, March 10 2009, 12:26 PM

 

It’s official: Sjahrir (left) is shown signing Linggadjati Agreement documents in Jakarta on Nov. 15, 1946, while Dutch-appointed special commissioner general leading the negotiations, Willem Schermerhorn, looks on. Courtesy of DR Dr Rushdy Hoesein(I had ever met him and he gave me info about Dai Nippon capitulation Kalidjati-dr Iwan notes)

Surprisingly enough for a nation’s first prime minister, Sutan Sjahrir receives few mentions in Indonesia’s history book – even though his diplomatic skills were responsible for the nation being recognized by the international community.

“Sjahrir, who became prime minister at the age of 36, is little known by the public,” Sjahrir’s daughter Siti Rabyah Parvati Sjahrir said at the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Sjahrir’s birth at Balai Agung in Jakarta on Thursday.

“Sometimes he has been misidentified as [literary critic] Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana or Sjahrir the [late] economist.”

Sjahrir was born in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra, on March 5, 1909, the son of an adviser to the Sultan of Deli. He studied in Medan and Bandung, before moving to Leiden in The Netherlands around 1929 to study law.

In Holland, he gained an appreciation for socialist principles, and joined several labor unions as he worked to support himself. He was briefly the secretary of the Indonesian Association (Perhimpunan Indonesia), an organization of Indonesian students in the Netherlands.

He returned to Indonesia in 1931 without completing his law degree, and helped set up the Indonesian National Party (PNI). Around this time, he became a close associate of future vice president Mohammad Hatta.

His nationalist activities saw him imprisoned by the Dutch in November 1934 for many years, first in Boven Digul, then on Banda. In 1941, just before the area fell to the Japanese, he was moved to Sukabumi.

At the time when Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta were compromising with the occupying Japanese forces, Sjahrir was involved in a clandestine movement that he believed would help prepare the nation for independence when the time was right.

In November 1945, then president Sukarno appointed him prime minister, a position he held until June 1947, during which time he worked on winning international recognition for the newly independent country.

 

Sjahrir is shown during the campaign for the 1955 general election.

Sjahrir founded the Indonesian Socialist Party in 1948, which, although small, proved to be influential in the early years after independence because of the expertise and high education levels of its leaders.

But after January 1950 Sjahrir no longer held any government positions, and his party performed poorly during the 1955 elections.

After a 1958 revolt known as PRRI or “Revolutionary Government of Indonesian Republic” in 1958, his relationship with Sukarno deteriorated, and the president banned his party two years later.

At 4 a.m. on Jan. 16, 1962, Sjahrir was arrested at his house in Jakarta. Three months later, he was sent with other political prisoners to Madiun, Central Java, before being moved back to Jakarta in 1965.

Despite his long and fervent political career, Sjahrir was always devoted to his family — he had two children, Kriya Arsyah and Parvati. He wrote in his prison diary on June 3, 1963, “My thoughts and my memories again and again turn to home, to my children. I want them to grow up to be happier and have a better life than me. … I want them to be honest, upright and loving, and not be obsessed with titles and stars.”

Sjahrir’s daughter, Parvati, was just two years old when her father was arrested. “I had to take a train back and forth from Solo to Madiun just to meet Papa,” she recalled. “When my father was moved to Jakarta, it was not easy for my mother to get a permit letter to visit Papa.”

The imprisonment, she said, was unjust. “Ironically, after Independence, he was detained without facing trial. He was accused without verification.”

As he was ill, Sjahrir was allowed to go to Zurich, Switzerland, for treatment. He died there on April 9, 1966, “far away from the country he co-founded, from the country he dearly loved, from family members and friends”, Parvati said. “Sjahrir went to Zurich as a political prisoner and returned to his homeland as a hero.”

He was a hero for his daughter as well.

“For me, Sjahrir, Papa, was a moral character who deserves to be emulated,” she said. “He was honest, brave and consistent with what he fought for. He did not fight for his own interest or for power or wealth. He fought for the freedom and the maturity of people to be free from oppression and the exploitation of others.”

—JP/Matheos V. Messakh

(when st sjahrir Died, Moh Hatta spoke

St Sjahrir always happy when he in the Dutch prison in digul and ternate, but when he was prinosed  by the leader of nation Sukarno, the nation he fight her independence, st sjahrir very sad and this made him sick until died,

before died he was  sent to Swiss to get the mediacal therapy-Dr Iwan notes)

 

The book illustration of delegation picture at Lingarjadi in nopember 1946. from lefft to right Dr Leimena,Drs Gani,DR van Mook,Mr Moh roem,Mr amir sjarifuddin, Prof Ir Dr Schermerhors,Mr susanto Tirtoprodjo,M van Poll,F de Boer,Prime St Sjahir,mr A.pringodigdo,Dr Sudarsono and Mr ali Budiarj0, this meeting have made the Political agrrement “Persetujuan Lingarjati” where the dutch “mengakui kekuasaan” de facto republic power on Jawa and Sumatra

 

First rupiah banknotes are issued by the Republic.

SOBSI umbrella group of labor organizations is organized with PKI support.

 

 

November,3rd.1947

 

Sementara pertempuran berlangsung, keluar perintah pada

3 November 1946

gencetan senjata diadakan dalam rangka penarikan pasukan Inggris dan pada gencatan senjata itu dilakukan, digunakan untuk berunding menentukan garis demarkasi.

 

While the battle took place, out of order on 3 November 1946 gencetan gun held to the withdrawal of British troops and the truce was made, used to negotiate determine the demarcation line.

British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce. Brayan on the island on 21 November, the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan ditembaki.Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan. At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.Perkembangan struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

 

November,11th.1948

on 11-13 November 1946.

The Indonesian delegation consist of  Sutan Sjahrir (Head of Delegation), Mohammad Roem, Susanto Tirtoprodjo and AK Gani, while Dutch delegation consist of Prof. Ir. Schermeron (Head of Delegation), Max Van Poll, F de Boer and H.J Van Mook..

After taught negotiation, Indonesia and Dutch reached agreement as follows:

  1. Both parties would establish a federation state which would call United States of Indonesia by 1 January 1949.
  2. Both parties would continue their cooperation and establish the Union.

The Dutch Government recognized Republic of Indonesia sovereignty over Java, Sumatra and Madura

November,14th.1946

Pembentukan Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Salah satu langkah yang ditempuh dalam rangka reorganisasi Jawatan Kepolisian Negara di Purwokerto adalah menyeragamkan nama, susunan kepangkatan, tugas, dan cara kerja dari Pasukan Kepolisian yang berada di tiap karesidenan.

Salah satu yang dilakukan adalah membentuk Mobiele Brigade (Mobbrig) pada tanggal 14 November 1946.

Pada awalnya Pembentukan Mobbrig tidak memerlukan penambahan pegawai karena anggota-anggotanya cukup diambil dan dipilih dari para anggota kepolisian yang ada, yang sehat, muda, dan sedapat mungkin belum berkeluarga.

Tujuan dari dibentuknya Mobbrig adalah tersusunnya pasukan-pasukan kecil sebagai inti dari kepolisian yang kuat persenjataannya dengan mobilitas tinggi.

 

November 15th.1946.

(a)Linggajati agreement: Dutch recognize Republic of Indonesia authority in Java, Sumatra and Madura. Both sides agree to form United States of Indonesia with Netherlands crown as symbolic head.

(b)British occupation was officially handed over to the Netherlands on November 15 1946.Tiga days after the British left the city of Medan, the Dutch began to violate the truce

 

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

 

November,16th.1946

The earliest used NRI North Sumatra handstamped Overprint type 36,negative  NRI white on black type,CDS Langsa 16.11.46.

.There are several different type overprint 36 which were applied and used in different parts of North Sumatra.Approximately 40 genuinely used entire exist of all types put together.The dai Nippon catalogue erroneously list ovpt 36 as a Middle Sumatra overprint(see the book illustration of  V.Esbensen catalogue)

 

 

 

I have found  this overprint type 36 only one used on money order fragment but the  Postal stamped CDS  not clear cds collection look the illustration below.

 

 

I have seen  three postally used collections,

one postally used on cover on the back of Chinese cover , one on money order , one sen cored cover  but the illustration not clear.(Dr iwan note)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The other type  Positive NRI overprint information from Dai Nippon catalogue,many type,look the illustration from that catalogue the postally used cover.

 

 

 

 

Information from V.esbensen,1980. This type Handstampoed Overprint 35, ten major type s of overprint had been observed.All are rare.Approximately 10 genuinely used entires exist of all types put together,theearliets date used  Siak Srei Indrapoera on Money order fragment 24.12.1945 (syowa CDS 20.12.24) looh the book illustration

 

I had found two collection of this overprint type, one overprint on DEI Dancer ovpt Dai Nippon yubin small in mint condition and one on Dai Nippon stamp used  off cover,fotocopy my ex collections(Dr iwan note)

 

 

November 20.1946

(a)Battle of Marga: resistance on Bali led by Ngurah Rai is defeated by Dutch forces.


Ngurah Rai was a leader in the Indonesian independence struggle on Bali. Today, the major airport at Denpasar is named for him.

(d)DORT Camp C Gjogja POW letter send  to Djakarta via Djokja and Jakreta Red Corss (official stamped)  and CDS repoblic Indonesia Card stationer  bron numeric 10 centin this day

 

 

 

November 19th.1946

 

Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, dan Belanda menguasai kota tersebut

Pendudukan Inggris secara resmi diserahkan kepada Belanda pada

tanggal 15 November 1946.

 

November,21th.1946

 

 

 Postal used cover from medan compare with the original medan CDS NRI 18.5.1946 below,the cross beside the date on this pH the  too bigger also the medan,may be they copied the CDS during DEI before the war.this cover must identifation by the expert to know fake or original

 

 

 

 

Another same cover from Sayoer st Maharaja meda which the originalitas dubois(diragukan keasliannya perlu dimintakan sertifiakt dari pakar) please compare with another CTO NRI Medan below

 

 

 

 

 

November,21th.1946

 

Tiga hari setelah Inggris meninggalkan kota Medan, Belanda mulai melanggar gencatan senjata.

 

Di pulau Brayan pada tanggal

21 November 1946,

 

Belanda merampas harta benda penduduk, dan pada hari berikutnya Belanda membuat persoalan lagi dengan menembaki pos-pos pasukan Laskar di Stasiun Mabar, juga Padang Bulan ditembaki.

 

Pihak Laskar membalas. Kolonel Schalten ditembak ketika meliwati di depan pos Lasykar. Belanda membalas dengan serangan besar-besaran di pelosok kota.

 

Angkatan Udara Belanda melakukan pengeboman, sementara itu di front Medan selatan di Jalan Mahkamah kita mendapat tekanan berat, tapi di Sukarame gerakan pasukan Belanda dapat dihentikan.

 

Medan sencored cover in 1941

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November,11th.1946

 small letter from the chief of Tionghoa nation area Tjojoedan with chinese char Kepala Tiong-jwa Tjojoedan Soerakarta  official squared cbhopped.

 

 

November,25th.1946

Postally nused on fragment  overprint REp: Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definive 20 send and 3 x NRI Indonesia sumatra  stamp with fond kemerdekaan 40 sen CDS Sawahloento 25.11.46.(rare collections,especially if in full cover)November,26th.1946

 

The rare Income tax paid at cds Padang 26.11.46 (padang in 1947 occupied by Dutch)

the same income tax from Padang Pandjang.

 

 

 

November, 29th.1946

Last British troops leave Indonesia.Dutch Capt. Raymond Westerling begins campaign in South Sulawesi against Republican youths. Westerling and his men commit many war crimes against citizens, including atrocities against children and hospital patien


Capt. Raymond Westerling was a notorious rogue officer for the Dutch during Indonesia’s war of independence. He headed a KNIL detachment called the Depot Speciale Troepen, which was implicated in war crimes which took as many as 5000 civilian lives. Most of the DST troops were actually Indonesians from Maluku. He returned to the Netherlands in 1950, and lived there until 1987.

December 1946

Pada tanggal 1 Desember 1946

 pasukan kita mulai menembakkan mortir ke sasaran pangkalan Udara Polonia dan Sungai Mati. Keesokan harinya Belanda menyerang kembali daerah belakang kota. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bata dan Padang Bulan ditembaki dan di bom.

 

Tentu tujuannya adalah memotong bantuan logistik bagi pasukan yang berada di kota. Tapi walaupun demikian, moral pasukan kita makin tinggi berkat kemenangan yang dicapai.

Karena merasa terdesak, Belanda meminta kepada Pimpinan RI agar tembak menembak dihentikan dengan dalih untuk memastikan garis demarkasi yang membatasi wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing.

 

Dengan adanya demarkasi baru, pasukan-pasukan yang berhasil merebut tempat-tempat di dalam kota, terpaksa ditarik mundur.Selagi kita akan mengadakan konsolidasi di Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai dan Tembung, mereka diserang oleh Belanda. Pertempuran berjalan sepanjang malam.

 

Pihak Laskar retaliate. Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame were stop

At  dated December 1, 1946

our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar

, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs.

Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.

December,1st.1946

 

Pada tanggal 1 Desember 1946

 pasukan kita mulai menembakkan mortir ke sasaran pangkalan Udara Polonia dan Sungai Mati. Keesokan harinya Belanda menyerang kembali daerah belakang kota. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bata dan Padang Bulan ditembaki dan di bom.

 

Tentu tujuannya adalah memotong bantuan logistik bagi pasukan yang berada di kota. Tapi walaupun demikian, moral pasukan kita makin tinggi berkat kemenangan yang dicapai.

Karena merasa terdesak, Belanda meminta kepada Pimpinan RI agar tembak menembak dihentikan dengan dalih untuk memastikan garis demarkasi yang membatasi wilayah kekuasaan masing-masing.

 

Dengan adanya demarkasi baru, pasukan-pasukan yang berhasil merebut tempat-tempat di dalam kota, terpaksa ditarik mundur.Selagi kita akan mengadakan konsolidasi di Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai dan Tembung, mereka diserang oleh Belanda. Pertempuran berjalan sepanjang malam.

 

The return of the Dutch Army on the beach of Sanur in 1946.

Wikipedia says:

Following Japan’s Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Balinese took over the Japanese weapons.

The Dutch returned to Indonesia in 1946, including Bali, to reinstate their pre-war colonial administration. One Balinese, Colonel Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘freedom army’. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, by then 29 years old,

 

 rallied his forces in east Bali at Marga Rana, where they were trapped by heavily armed Dutch troops. On 20 November 1946, in the Battle of Marga, the Balinese battalion was entirely wiped out, breaking the last thread of Balinese military resistance.

In 1946 the Dutch constituted Bali as one of the 13 administrative districts of the newly proclaimed State of East Indonesia, a rival state to the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali was included in the United States of Indonesia when the Netherlands recognised Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.

December,1st.1947

At  dated December 1, 1946 our troops began firing mortars into the base target Air Polonia and the Dead River. The next day the Dutch attacked the back area behind the city. Kampung Besar, Mabar, Deli Tua, Pancur Bricks and Padang Bulan pinned down and in bombs. Of course the goal is to cut logistical support to troops in the city. But even so, the higher the morale of our troops are achieved thanks to the victory.
Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch. The battle went all night.

December,5th.1947

The rare Tjideng Camp(women dutch POW camp) help Postoffice Batavia (Bij Postkantoor Tjideng kamp’Batavia) CDS 16 DES 1946 hand stamped in violet ink stamped. on Ned Indie NICA USA printing stamps 71/1 cent.(read about this camp and  ilustration at hhtp://www.iwansuwandy.wordpress searc Kisah Tawanan Perang dai Nippon bagian kelimDr Iwan note)

 

 

December .18th.1946

The Money Order send from Koelasimpang(Aceh) to Binjei(North Sumatra) with sencored chopped “telah diperiksa” with DEI kon.10cent with NRI negative handscoped

 

December 18-24.1946.

Dutch create state of East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur at a conference in Denpasar, Bali. Capital of the new NIT is Makassar, and it includes the entire eastern half of Indonesia. Sjahrir protests.”Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” coalition packs KNIP with pro-Linggajati members.

The Dutch delayed signing the Linggajati agreement for months. Many of their actions over the following six months appeared to be aimed at undermining it.

 

 

 

 

 

December,20th.1946

The Telok Betong Lampong Taman Siswa’s school report 1946-1947,and at back Taman siswa Bonds(andeel) 1927

 

 

December,24th.1945

 

The dutch KNIL soldier used dai Nippon Picture Postard in December ,24t h.1945 send to Netherland with Nedfreland indie military postmark

*

*allied forces pamphlet used by KNIL for administation 1946-1950 because the scarce of the paper  that time

Because the feeling of urgency, the Netherlands asked the Chairman of RI to be stopped on the pretext of shooting to ensure the demarcation line that limits the powers of each. With the new demarcation, the troops who won places in the city, had withdrawn mundur.Selagi we will hold a consolidation in Two Rivers, Tanjung Morawa, Binjai and Tembung, they were attacked by the Dutch.

The battle went all night. Dutch attack on December 30, 1946

is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any direction

 

December,30th.1946

Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River, so it can break into any arah.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment. He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

Serangan Belanda pada tanggal 30 Desember 1946

ini benar-benar melumpuhkan kekuatan laskar kita.(NRI)

 

Daerah kedudukan laskar satu demi satu jatuh ke tangan Belanda. Dalam serangan Belanda berhasil menguasai Sungai Sikambing, sehingga dapat menerobos ke segala arah.

 

Perkembangan perjuangan di Medan menarik perhatian Panglima Komandemen Sumatera. Ia menilai bahwa perjuangan yang dilakukan oleh Resimen Lasykar Rakyat Medan Area, ialah karena kebijakan sendiri. lihatlah illustrasi  para pejuang dari lasjkar medan area Tanjongmorawa  dibawah ini:

 

marinir nederland indies Brigade Jawa, 1946.

Semarang 26-7. Sebuah mesin Vickers senapan dari Reg 1 1946

Sebuah Curtiss P-40N Kittyhawk dari angkatan udara Belanda untuk Semarang sarat dengan bom. 1946

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA 1947 (BERSAMBUNG)

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA

1947

 

 

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

BUKU YANG LENGKAP TERSEDIA BAGI YANG BERMINAT HUBUNGGI LIWAT KOMENTAR(COMMENT) DI WEB BLOG INI

sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

Driwancybermuseum Homeoffic 

Copyrught @ Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA 2013

Forbidden to copy without written permission by the author

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

part III 1947

Based On Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book Special For Collectors.

copyright@2013

 

Rare Batavia Centrum Handstamped Postmark in 1947,on postally used small cover with  2 x Nica USAprinting stamp 2 cen(rate 4 cent),

 

in 1947 , there were several unique type of Nica Batavia post office handstamped CDS postmark,this one sample,other look at the chronolic collections.

 

Sarong Batik Tulis Pekalongan in 1947

 

Aceh revolution papermoney 1947

 

Indonesia Independence Revolution And War Collection part III in 1947

In 1947 several local Notrh(east) Sumatra  repoeblic indonesia  issued:

 

(a)          Koela Leidong Membang Moeda Banknote

 

 

 

Koealoeh Leidong, Membang Moeda, Negara Republik Indonesia, 1947-1948

During the Dutch colonial rule in the Netherlands Indies, Membang Moeda was one of many large rubber plantations, occupying an area of 3.104 ha. It was owned by the Dutch “NV Rubber Cultuur-Mij. Amsterdam” and produced approximately 1.3 million kilo’s of rubber in 1938. Membang Moeda was situated about 50 km south of the city of Kisiran, in the administrative division Asahan, district of Laboehan Batoe, subdistrict Koealoeh Leidong, part of the Sumatra East Coast residency (Sumatera Timor). Membang Moeda was connected to the Deli railroad and had it’s own railway station. The Deli Railroad Company started in 1883 with building a railroad from Laboehan Deli to Belawan. Step by step the railroad was extended throughtout the residency and the last trajectory from Kisiran to Rantauprapat was finished in 1937, connecting Membang Moeda to the network.

(b)Local east Sumatra  Military banknote called Gun(Senapan )Money

 

(a)    Local aceh revoluitionery papermoney 5 rupiah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oeang Republik Indonesia (ORI) Second Emission

  P21 – 5 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Denomination on left and right, law text at center
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 149 x 70 mm
  P22 – 10 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Denomination on left and right, law text at center
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 150 x 75 mm
  P23 – 25 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Front: Portrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president, at left
Back: Bull at center, law text at left
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Watermark: Fiber and control code
Size: 170 x 80 mm
  P24 – 100 Rupiah
Issue Date: 01 January 1947
Serial Number: 039714 TC
Front: Soekarno at left
Back: Legal warning at center indicating anyone who counterfeits money in the regions of the Indonesia Republic may be punished according to the Book of Criminal Law Articles 244, 245 and 249.
Signature: Mr. Sjafruddin Prawiranegara
Size: 177 x 87 mm

Oeang Republik Indonesia (ORI) Third Emission

  P27 – 25 Rupiah
Issue Date: 26 July 1947
Front: Potrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president
Back: Bull at center, law text at left
Signature: Mr. A. A. Maramis
Size: 167 x 80 mm (Original size: 170 x 83 mm)
  P29 – 100 Rupiah
Issue Date: 26 July 1947
Front: Potrait of Soekarno, the first Indonesian president
Back: Law text at left and a keris-dagger at right
Signature: Mr. A. A. Maramis
Size: 174 x 85 mm
  P31 – 10 Sen
Front:
Back: Palm trees at center
Size: 99 x 60 mm
  P31 – 10 Sen
Front:
Back: Palm trees at center
Size: 99 x 60 mm
  P32 – 20 Sen
Front: Ornamental design at center
Back: Anti-forgery warnings at center
Size: 100 x 60 mm

 

 

Megawati was born in January 1947

In 1947

, under pressure from breaches of the truce and Dutch companies who felt that their interests were under threat, the Netherlands embarked on the military operation known in Dutch history as the ‘first police action’.

An indignant United Nations intervened by calling on the Netherlands to desist.

 

Indonesia independent – Photographs 1947-1953

Biography Cas Oorthuys (1908-1975)

From January until March 1947, Oorthuys travelled through Indonesia commissioned by ABC-Press and publishing house Contact. On his journey through Java and Borneo he was accompanied by the educationalist Albert de la Court, who wrote the texts.

 

January,1st 1947

 

 

The KNIP leader St sjahrir at KNIP meeting Malang in January 1947,veside him Mr amir Sjarifoedin.

 

 

KNIP( Center Indonesian national comitee)member Mr Assaad at  malang in January 1947

 

 

Mr Assaad spead at KNIP meeting Malang in January 1947

 

 

The KNIP member Amir Sjarifoedin at Malang in 1947

 

 

The KNIP member Maria ulfa santoso during KNIP meeting at Malang in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The KNIP Malang member in January 1947(four pictures)

 

 

 

 

 

Sultan djokja at Malang  in January 1947

 

 

The catholic cathedral Jakarta in January 1947

 

 

 

THE BATIK TULIS FABRIC  INDONESIA IN JANUARY 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Street trading at Jakarta in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

The Young Indonesian organization member at the front of Diponegoro picture in January 1947(two pictures)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tionghoa  ethnic  pemakaman ceremony in Indonesia January 1947

 

 

Buffet of the Delegation Indonesia-Dutch meeting at Merdeka Palace in jnauary 1947 St Sjahrir,H.J. van Mook,Schermenhorn,

 

 

NRI republic propaganda in January 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ship and wood lodging  at Borneo river in 1947(three photos)

 

 

 

 

Maar in 1947 is hij terug in Indië, waar hij eindelijk,

 maar dan nu echt, de definitieve “Groot verlofpas’ overhandigd krijgt plus een oorkonde die hem het recht verleent “het demobilisatie insigne” te dragen. Hij woont niet meer in Bandoeng, maar in Batavia, volgens het Bewijs van Vestiging van de H.O.B. en daar zal hij nog een jaar of tien jaar blijven ook. (P.Molenbroek)

Zijn rijbewijs uit 1955

vermeldt dat hij werkzaam is bij “Ver. Pendj. Malam ‘Het Anker’ aan de Djalan Djohar no 16″ in Djakarta. Volgens zijn identiteitsbewijs uit diezelfde tijd woont hij in Hotel Dharma Nirmala, het voormalige Hotel der Nederlanden dat na de Japanse bezetting nog langdurig dienst had gedaan als opvangkamp. Hoelang is hij nog in Indonesië gebleven? Wat hield hem daar na zijn vertrek uit ‘s Lands Dienst? Was hij ‘uitgeburgerd’ in Nederland? Is hij ooit wel teruggekomen naar zijn geboorteland? Hoe dan ook, de foto uit

Hotel Dharma Nirwana toont hem eindelijk ongeveer zoals de laatste tekening uit zijn kamptijd: een verzorgde, gladgeschoren, goed gezonde kop. Dat was, zoals op de achterzijde van de tekening in potlood staat in Hotel Tjimahi nog “toekomst muziek”.(P,Molenbroek)

 

 

Dr Koets of the first Dutch Nica Cabinet at Jakata merdeka palace in January 1947

Dr. Koets, chef van het kabinet van de Lt. G.G., ontvangt leden van de Indonesische delegatie in het gouvernementspaleis te Jakarta, Indonesië (1947)

 

Legitimatiebewijs ten name van J . M. Durand-Leeuwenbergh. De briefkaart is uit de Japanse bezettingstijd, later voorzien van een overdruk in het Bahasa Indonesia: Kartoe Pos, en op de voorgedrukte postzegel: Repoeblik Indonesia, 5 sen. Het bewijs is ten bate van het Pensioenfonds Bandung

 

 

 

 

 

 

January,1st.1947

Pertempuran Lima Hari  Palembang

Pada hari Rabu, tanggal 1 Januari 1947, sekitar pukul 05.30 pagi, sebuah kendaraan Jeep yang berisi pasukan Belanda keluar dari Benteng dengan kecepatan tinggi.

Mereka melampaui daerah garis demarkasi yang sudah disepakati. Ternyata mereka mabuk setelah pesta semalam suntuk merayakan datangnya tahun baru.

Kendaraan Jeep itu melintasi Jalan Tengkuruk membelok dari Jalan Kepandean (sekarang Jalan TP. Rustam Effendi) lalu menuju Sayangan, kemudian melintasi ke arah Jalan Segaran di 15 Ilir, yang banyak terdapat markas Pasukan RI/Lasykar seperti Markas Napindo, Markas TRI di Sekolah Methodist, rumah kediaman A.K. Gani, Markas Divisi 17 Agustus, Markas Resimen 15, dan Markas Polisi Tentara.

Pada kesempatan yang sama para pemimpin militer dan Lasykar mengadakan rapat komando untuk menentukan sikap dalam menghadapi provokasi Belanda. Rapat dihadiri pimpinan pemerintah sipil Gubernur Muda M. Isa.

 Dalam rapat tersebut, Panglima Divisi II Kolonel Bambang Utoyo, Gubernur Muda M. Isa, maupun Panglima Lasykar 17 Agustus, Kolonel Husin Achmad menyatakan bahwa dalam menghadapi provokasi Belanda, pihak RI bertindak tidak lagi sekedar membalas serangan, melainkan harus berinisiatif untuk menggempur semua kedudukan dan posisi pertahanan Belanda di seluruh sektor.

 Kepala staf Devisi II, Kapten Alamsyah, mengeluarkan perintah “Siap dan Maju” untuk bertempur menghadapi Belanda

 

  1. 1.       Front Seberang Ilir Timur


Front Seberang Ilir Timur meliputi kawasan mulai dari Tengkuruk sampai RS Charitas – Lorong Pagar Alam – Jalan Talang Betutu – 16 Ilir – Kepandean – Sungai Jeruju – Boom Baru – Kenten. Pertempuran pertama terjadi pada hari Rabu 1 Januari 1947.

 

Belanda melancarkan serangan dan tembakan yang terus menerus diarahkan ke lokasi pasukan RI yang ada di sekitar RS Charitas. RS Charitas berada di tempat yang strategis karena berada di atas bukit sehingga menjadi basis pertahanan yang baik bagi Belanda.

Daerah Front Seberang Ilir (RS Charitas) menjadi tanggung jawab dari Komandan Resimen Mayor Dani Effendi. Basis strategi pertahan di Front Seberang Ilir Timur terutama berlokasi di depan Masjid Agung, simpang tiga Candi Walang, Pasar Lingkis (sekarang Pasar Cinde), Lorong Candi Angsoko dan di Jalan Ophir (sekarang Lapangan Hatta).
Dibawah pimpinan Mayor Dani Effendi, Pasukan TRI melancarkan serangan ke Rumah Sakit Charitas dan daerah di Talang Betutu. Serangan ini dilakukan bersama dengan satu kompi dan Batalyon Kapten Animan Akhyat yang bertahan di simpang Jalan Talang Betutu (Perwiranegara, 1987: 67). Tujuan serangan ini adalah untuk memblokir bantuan Belanda yang datang dari arah Lapangan Udara Talang Betutu menuju arah Palembang dan menghalangi hubungan antara pusat pertahanan Belanda di RS Charitas dengan Benteng.

Pada sore harinya, pihak Belanda telah mengerahkan pasukan tank dan panser untuk menerobos pertahanan dan barikade Pasukan TRI di sepanjang Jalan Tengkuruk. Mereka kemudian berhasil menduduki Kantor Pos dan Kantor Telepon melalui perlawanan yang seru dari Pasukan TRI. Dengan berhasilnya Belanda menduduki Kantor Telepon, maka hubungan melalui alat komunikasi menjadi terputus secara total. Setelah itu, belanda memperluas gerakannya hingga menduduki Kantor Residen dan Kantor Walikota. Pasukan TRI yang berada di daerah tersebut mengundurkan diri ke Jalan Kebon Duku dan Jalan Kepandean sedangkan di RS Charitas, kekuatan Belanda semakin terdesak karena serangan dari Pasukan TRI.

 

 January,2nd.1947
Pada

 

pertempuran hari kedua, konsentrasi pasukan terutama diarahkan terhadap pasukan dan pertahan Belanda di RS Charitas. Namun, Belanda berhasil menerobos lini Talang Betutu setelah terlebih dahulu berhadapan dengan Lettu Wahid Uddin bersama Kapten Anima Achyat. Belanda telah memperkuat tempat-tempat yang telah mereka kuasai, terutama di depan Masjid Agung. Sementara itu, kapal-kapal perang (korvet) Belanda mulai hilir mudik di Sungai Musi sambil menembakan peluru mortirnya kesegala arah. Secara spontanitas, rakyat dan pemuda di dalam kota dan luar kota turut serta bertempur melawan Belanda. Mobilisasi umum di kalangan masyarakat agraris-tradisional terus berlangsung untuk menghadapi Belanda. Melihat kemajuan-kemajuan dipihak kita, Belanda pun segera mengadakan pengintaian, bahkan melakukan tembakan dari udara terhadap kereta api yang membawa bahan makanan, bantuan dari Baturaja, Lubuk Linggau, dan Lahat. Rakyat yang berada di Front Seberang Ilir menjadi sangat menderita karena keterbatasan kesediaan pangan akibat Sungai Musi dikuasai Belanda dan penembakan kereta api.
Oleh karena lokasi Markas Besar Staf Komando Divisi II tidak lagi aman, maka dipindahkan dari Sungai Jeruju ke daerah Kenten, tepatnya di Jalan Duku. Hal ini disebabkan karena Belanda terus-menerus melakukan pengintaian dan pengeboman terhadap markas-markas Pasukan TRI/Lasykar. Keberhasilan pengeboman jarak jauh yang dilakukan Belanda tidak terlepas dari peranan para pengintai atau mata-mata.

Ternyata dalam pemeriksaan dan interogerasi yang dilaksanakan, memberi banyak petunjuk bahwa pihak Belanda secara licik menggunakan warga kota keturunan Tionghoa sebagai informan mereka, disamping sebagai pelayan kegiatan ekonomi bagi kepentingan Belanda. Kapten Alamsyah Ratu Perwiranegara menilai bahwa kasus mata-mata ini sangat sensitif, ia segera memerintahkan Letnan Dua Asmuni Nas untuk merazia dan menyita semua telepon yang digunakan oleh keturunan Tionghoa di sepanjang Pasar 16 Ilir.
Pertempuran hari ketiga berlangsung pada hari Jum’at, tanggal 3 Januari 1947. Saat itu, Kolonel Mollinger memerintahkan angkatan perangnya (Darat, Laut, dan Udara) untuk menghancurkan semua garis pertahanan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar.

Ini menunjukan terjadinya konsep perang tiga matra yang dilakukan Belanda di Palembang.
Berdasarkan perintah tersebut, maka konvoi kendaraan berlapis baja keluar dari Benteng menuju RS Charitas menerobos Jalan Tengkuruk, melepaskan tembakan di sekitar Masjid Agung dan Markas BPRI. Gerakan penerobosan Belanda ke Charitas itu dihambat oleh pasukan kita yang berada di Pasar Cinde dengan ranjau-ranjau, manun gagal karena ranjau-ranjau tersebut gagal meledak. Akibatnya Pasar Lingkis (Cinde) dapat dikuasai oleh musuh.

 

 Tapi, sore harinya pasar itu dapat dikuasai kembali oleh pasukan kita (Resimen XVII). Senjata dan amunisi yang dimiliki pasukan RI jumlahnya terbatas, dan sebagian besar senjata yang digunakan oleh pasukan kita banyak yang telah tua (out of date) sebagai hasil rampasan dari serdadu Jepang (Abdullah, 1996: 43). Sampai hari ketiga, keadaaan Palembang sebenarnya sudah parah. Hampir seperlima kota telah hancur terkena serangan bom dan peluru mortir Belanda.

   

SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com
Kehancuran Kota Palembang karena bom-bom Belanda tersebut ditambah lagi dengan adanya aksi bumi hangus, seperti jembatan kayu di 24 Ilir, atas perintah Kepala Pertahanan Divisi II, Kapten Alamsyah. Pembongkaran ini dimaksudkan agar jembatan tidak digunakan oleh Belanda untuk menerobos dari arah Bukit Kecil menuju Charitas. Bahka, perintah yang benar-benar ditakuti Belanda adalah “aksi bumi hangus Plaju dan Sungai Gerong.”


Pada pertempuran hari keempat (4 Januari 1947),

Belanda menfokuskan pertahanan di Plaju. Sehingga pasukan Mayor Dani Effendi berhasil memanfaatkan situasi tersebut untuk menguasai Charitas dan sekitarnya. Akibatnya pasukan Belanda mulai terdesak. Pasukan TRI berhasil mendekati gudang amunisi di RS Charitas dan menembak serdadu Belanda yang berusaha mendekati gudang tersebut.


Pada 5 Januari 1947,

pihak Belanda dapat menguasai beberapa tempat dengan bantuan kapal-kapal perang yang hilir mudik di Sungai Musi dan pesawat terbang yang menjatuhkan bom-bom ke arah posisi Pasukan TRI. Namun demikian pasukan Belanda mengalami hal yang sama dengan Pasukan TRI yaitu letih, kurang tidur dan merasa stress, sedangkan Pasukan TRI telah banyak menderita kerugian baik dari materi ataupun yang gugur dan luka-luka

 

 

 

2. Front Seberang Ilir Barat

Front Seberang Ilir Barat meliputi kawasan mulai dari 36 Ilir yaitu meliputi Tangga Buntung – Talang – Bukit Besar – Talang Semut – Talang Kerangga – Emma Laan – Sungai Tawar – Sekanak – Benteng.
Markas Batalyon 32 Resimen XV Divisi II dipimpin Makmun Murod yang berda di Front Seberang Ilir Barat, yaitu di Sekanak. Komandan Resimen XV dan Komandan Batalyon 32/XV beserta para perwira yang berada di markas, sibuk mengatur pertahanan dan merencanakan untuk menyerang benteng-benteng pertahanan Belanda. Suara tembakan yang saling bersahutan sudah semakin gencar diselingi oleh dentuman senjata-senjata berat yang ditembakan dari pos-pos dan gedung-gedung pertahanan Belanda ke arah kubu pertahana Pasukan TRI dan barisan pertahanan rakyat.
Pada pertempuran yang terjadi pada tanggal 1 Januari 1947, pasukan-pasukan disekitar belakang Benteng mulai terdesak lalu mengundurkaan diri ke sekitar Jalan Kelurahan Madu dan Jalan Kebon Duku. TRI/Lasykar yang berlokasi di Bukit terpaksa mengubah taktik yaitu memencarkan diri masuk ke kampung-kampung di sekitar Bukit Siguntang dan sekitarnya. Tindakan ini dilakukan untuk mencegah pasukan Belanda yang akan menerobos ke 35 Ilir. Karena apabila pasukan Belanda yang akan beroperasi di 36 Ilir, Suro, 29 Ilir dan Sekanak akan terkepung. Usaha pasukan TRI dibawah pimpinan Mayor Surbi Bustam dilakukan untuk menyerang Gedung BPM Handelszaken. Serangan ini dibantu oleh Kapten Makmun Murod, Letnan Satu Asnawi Mangkualam dan Kapten Riyacudu. Dalam pertempuran tersebut, seorang prajurit yang diketahui pemuda keturunan Tionghoa, Sing, tertembak dan gugur. Belanda dengan menggunakan kendaraan berlapis baja dan persenjataan modern berhasil menguasai Kantor Pos, Kantor Telegraf, Kantor Residen, Kantor Walikota dan di sekitar Jalan Guru-guru di 19 Ilir.
Secara keseluruhan, pertempuran pada hari pertama tersebut, inisiatif sepenuhnya berada di tangan Pasukan TRI dan pejuang. Belanda dengan segala kemampuannya berusaha mempertahankan pos-pos pertahanan dan kedudukannya sambil terus malancarkan tembakan-tembakan ke arah pasukan yang menyerang. Pasukan Belanda boleh dikatakan tidak berani keluar dari kubu pertahannya, terutama yang berkududkan di Seberang Ilir, karena gencarnya serangan Pasukan TRI dan Lasykar. Pasukan Belanda hanya membalas tembakan dari tempat perlindungan, dengan memuntahkan peluru mortir dan dengan tembakan howitzer untuk sasaran jarak jauh.
Belanda menerapkan sistem pertahanan saling dukung antar pos-pos mereka. Jika satu tempat pertahanan terkepung oleh Pasukan TRI, maka dalam waktu singkat mendapat bantuan dari kubu pertahanan Belanda lainnya. Bantuan sering berupa tembakan, mortir atau howitzer atau dukungan tembakan dari kapal perang De Ruiter. Kapal perang Belanda memang hilir mudik di Sungai Musi, khususnya jenis korvet.
Pada pertempuran hari kedua, Belanda menembakan mortirnya dengan membabibuta ke arah Sekanak sampai ke Tangga Buntung. Tujuan utama adalah menembaki markas batalyon dan pos-pos pertahanan TRI dan rakyat yang terdapat antara Sekanak sampai Tangga Buntung. Tidak dapat dihindari lagi peluru tersebut telah mengenai daerah pemukiman penduduk. Gencarnya tembakan yang dilakukan Belanda dari benteng pertahanan dan dan pesawat udara pada 2 Januari 1947 menyebabkan Staf Komando Batalyon 32/XV oleh Mayor Zurbi Bustam bersama Kapten Makmun Murod dipindahkan ke Talang. Daerah Suro dan Talang Kerangga pada saat itu tidak luput dari serangan musuh.
Dengan dorongan semangat dan do’a, Pasukan TRI tetap berusaha untuk mempertahankan diri. Penambahan pasukan terjadi melalui Batalyon Ismail Husin dari Lampung yang berhasil menyeberang melalui Tangga Buntung. Rakyat atau penduduk sipil pun ikut serta memberikan bantuan tenaga. Keterbatasan senjata tidak membuat pasukan kita menyerah. “molotov” adalah bensin yang dimasukan ke dalam botol dicampur dengan karet untuk kemudian diberi sumbu memjadi alat yang sangat efisien. Kapten Alamsyah memerintahkan Sersan Mayor M. Amin Suhud untuk mencuri persediaan bensin Belanda yang akan digunakan untuk membuat bom molotov. Sersan Mayor M. Amin Suhud mendapatkan bensin. Kesulitan bahan makanan dialami oleh Front Seberang Ilir Barat karena blokade yang dilakukan oleh Belanda. Dalam kondisi demikian, bantuan bahan makanan dari dapur umum di garis belakang yang dikirim ibu-ibu dan remaja puteri sangat berarti. Begitu pula peran anggota Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) dan PPI (Pemuda Puteri Indonesia) yang mengurus korban pertempuran dan mengurus bahan makanan.
Pada hari ketiga, pertempuran tiga matra yang dilakukan oleh Belanda semakin aktif, setelah dikeluarkan perintah oleh Kolonel Mollinger untuk menghancurkan garis pertahanan RI di Emma Laan (Jalan Kartini) dan Sekolah MULO Talang Semut. Pasukan TRI yang dibawah pimpinan Letda Ali Usman berhasil menghancuran sekitar 3 regu Pasukan Belanda yaitu Pasukan Gajah Merah (Perwiranegara, 1987: 75). Belanda tidak tinggal diam, segera membalas serangan di Emma Laan. Sehingga pada pertempuran hari keempat, Sabtu tanggal 4 Januari 1947, Pasukan TRI/Lasykar terdesak sehingga mundur ke arah Kebon Gede,Talang dan Tangga Buntung.
Sebagai resiko perjuangan dari bangsa yang baru merdeka, maka setiap gerakan pasukan musuh berakibat pada pemindahan dislokasi pasukan. Walaupun situasi pertempuran selalu dilaporkan kepada komando pertempuran. Namun laporan tersebut mengalami keterlambatan akibat sulitnya hubungan komunikasi.
Pada hari kelima pertempuran di Front Seberang Ilir Barat terus berlangsung, walaupun Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dan rakyat mulai menampakkan keletihan dan pengiriman makanan dari dapur umum mulai tidak teratur lagi akibat blokade Belanda. Sebenarnya blokade ini juga berdampak pada pihak Belanda juga karena bahan makanan dari luar kota sulit masuk ke Kota Palembang.

3. Front Seberang Ulu

Front Seberang Ulu meliputi kawasan mulai dari 1 Ulu Kertapati sampai Bagus Kuning, selanjutnya meliputi kawasan Plaju – Kayu Agung – Sungai Gerong. Untuk tanggung jawab pertahanan dan keamanan di daerah Palembang Ulu dibebankan kepada Batalyon 34 Resimen XV dengan Komandan Batalyon Kapten Raden Mas yang bermarkas si sekolah Cina 7 Ulu (sekarang SHD), yang melakukan perlawanan di Kertapati sampai Plaju.
Pada awal pertempuran tanggal 1 Januari 1947, tembakan mortir dari pasukan Belanda yang dberada di Bagus Kuning, Plaju dan Sungai Gerongterus ditujukan ke markas batalyon yang dipimpin Kapten Raden Mas. Namun demikian, kapal perang Belanda yang berada di Boom Plaju atau Sungai Gerong belum dapat bergerak leluasa, karena dihambat oleh pasukan ALRI di Boom Baru.
SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com
Lokasi di perairan Sungai Musi sebelum pertempuran merupakan salah satu tempat berlangsungnya aktivitas perekonomian. Namun ini berbeda pada hari pertama pertempuran. Motorboat milik Belanda melaju dari arah Plaju menuju Boom Yetty yang diduga membawa bahan persenjataan pasukan Belanda, Pasukan TRI berusaha menyerang namun tidak berhasil.

Kompi I yang berkedudukan di Jalan Bakaran Plaju, dipimpin Lettu Abdullah di Jalan Kayu Agung dan Sungai Bakung diberi tugas untuk menghadapi Belanda. Begitu juga Kompi II yang dipimpin Letda Sumaji bertugas menghadapi Belanda di Bagus Kuning dan Sriguna, sedangkan Kompi II dibawah pimpinan Letda Z. Anwar Lizano bertugas menghadapi Belanda di pinggir Sungai Musi yang letaknya sejajar dengan Boom Yetty sampai Pasar 16 Ilir. Pertempuran yang telah terjadi menimbulkan semangat patriotisme di kalangan pasukan TRI. Bantuan pasukan segara menuju Palembang. Letkol Harun Sohar telah melepaskan pemberangkatan pasukan menuju Kertapati dan Lahat dengan menggunakan kereta api.
Kelelahan pasukan Belanda dimanfaatkan oleh Letnan Dua S. Sumaji yang merencanakan serbuan dini hari, pada tanggal 2 Januari 1947. Pasukannya dibantu dari Lasykar Pesindo, Napindo dan Hizbullah. penyerbuan tersebut membuahkan hasil. Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dapat menguasai gudang-gudang persenjataan musuh, sedangkan pasukan Belanda mengundurkan diri ke kapal-kapal perang mereka. Bendera Belanda si tiga warna yang terpancang di depan asrama telah diturunkan, kemudian dirobek warna birunya dan dinaikkan kembali dengan keadaan si Dwiwarna, Sang Saka Merah Putih. Namun kemenangan ini tidak berlangsung lama pasukan Belanda kemudian melepaskan tembakan-tembakan mortir ke arah kedudukan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar.
Setelah Komandan Mollinger mengeluarkan perintah kepada seluruh unsur kekuatan darat, laut dan udara. Belanda untuk meningkatkan gempuran dan berusaha menerobos setiap garis pertahanan TRI dan badan-badan perjuangan rakyat. Pewasat-pesawat terbang dan kapal-kapal perang Belanda semakin menggiatkan aksinya, terutama di daerah-daerah yang menjadi tempat bertahan pasukan-pasukan TRI yang berada di Seberang Ulu dan Ilir. Kapal perang jenis korvet menembakan mesin kesepanjang Sungai Musi terutama di pos-pos pertahanan RI, terutama yang berlokasi di sekitar 7 Ulu.


SUMBER PHOTO : 
palembangtempodulu.multiply.com

Akibatnya Pasukan TRI dan Lasykar terpaksa membalas dengan menggunakan senjata bekas persenjataan Jepang, yaitu meriam pantai milik kompi III Batalyon 34 di 7 Ulu di tepi Sungai Musi. Dengan menggunakan senjata seperti itu, pasukan Hizbullah dibawah pimpinan Letkol (Lasykar) M. Ali Thoyib berhasil menembak sebuah motorboat Belanda yang sedang mengangkat amunisi milik Belanda dari Plaju menuju ke Benteng. Serangan terhadap motorboat Belanda mengakibatkan kemarahan pasukan Belanda. Mereka membalas dengan mengirim pesawat Mustang dan secara terus-menerus menhujani basis pasukan di 7 Ulu dengan tembakan bertubi-tubi selama dua jam. Hal ini menimbulkan korban yang besar di kalangan Pasukan TRI/Lasykar dan rakyat. Bantuan terhadap pasukan Front Seberang Ulu datang dari Lahat dan Baturaja dikirim ke Bagus Kuning.
Pada tanggal 4 Januari 1947 di Front Seberang Ulu pasukan Belanda semakin memperhebat tekannya terhadap pasukan RI sehingga pasukan TRI yang berada di Bagus Kuning mengundurkan diri ke 16 Ulu. Kapal-kapal perang Belanda melakukan patroli mulai dari perairan Sungai Gerong di bagian Hilir sampai ke perairan Kertapati, Keramasan di bagian Hulu. Pada hari kelima, tanggal 5 Januari 1947, pasukan kita dalam keadaan lelah, sekalipun hal itu tidak mengendorkan semangat perjuangan.


Upaya Perundingan dan Pengakhiran Pertempuran
Sejak tanggal 4 Januari 1947 di Kota Palembang telah menerima kedatangan Kapten A.M. Thalib, utusan Panglima Divisi II Bambang Utoyo, yang mengabarkan tentang keinginan Mollinger untuk berunding. Ternyata Gubernur Muda telah menerima berita dari Jakarta lewat telegram yang diterima oleh pemancar darurat dibawah pimpinan Herry Salim, bahwa akan datang ke Palembang secepatnya Dokter Adnan Kapau Gani sebagai utusan pemerintah pusat untuk melakukan perundingan gencatan senjata dengan pihak Belanda.
Perundingan ini dilakukan oleh pihak RI dikarenakan ada kepentingan strategis dengan alasan:

  • pertama, mencegah korban lebih banyak
  • kedua, kita perlu mengadakan konsolidasi kekuatan kembali
  • ketiga, dari segi politis akan memberikan gambaran kepada dunia internasional bahwa RI cinta perdamaian, sekaligus menegaskan bahwa pemerintah pusatnya dipatuhi oleh daerah-daerahnya.
    Perhitungan yang melandasi berunding dari pihak RI adalah berdasarkan:
  • Pertama, perjuangan kemerdekaan akan memakan waktu cukup lama, mungkin bertahun-tahun.
  • Kedua, hampir 60% pasukan RI di Sumatera Selatan berada di Kota Palembang, bila sampai bertempur habis-habisan akan memperlemah kekuatan pada masa selanjutnya.

Setelah itu, ditetapkan tiga orang delegasi yang melakukan pejajakan perundingan. Mereka adalah dr. M. Isa, Gubernur Muda yang mewakili Pemerintah Sipil; Mayor M. Rasyad Nawawi, Kepala Staf Divisi Garuda II yang mewakili pasukan-pasukan dari Komando Pertempuran dan Komisaris Besar Polisi, Mursoda, yang mewakili Kepolisian (Perikesit, 1995: 69)
Perundingan antara RI – Belanda dilaksanakan pada tanggal 5 Januari 1947, di Rumah Sakit Charitas. Formasi delegasi pun ditambah dengan Kolonel Bambang Utoyo, Komandan Divisi Garuda II, yang ditunjuk sebagai Ketua dan Mayor Laut A.R. Saroingsong. Pertemuan dengan pihak Belanda sebenarnya telah mereka nanti-nantikan, sebab posisi Belanda benar-benar terjepit dan belum bisa mengadakan link up. Mereka masih terkurung dalam kubu per kubu yang terpisah satu sama lainnya.
Dalam perundingan tersebut pihak Belanda menuntut Kota Palembang dikosongkan dari seluruh pasukan TRI. Namun hal itu ditolak oleh delegasi RI. Pihak RI bersedia menarik TRI dan Lasykar dari kota, tapi ALRI, Kepolisian dan Pemerintahan Sipil tetap berada di dalam kota. Dengan alasan bahwa ALRI tidak mempunyai hubungan dengan Angkatan Darat. Adapun maksud tersembunyi adalah Pasukan ALRI yang tinggal di Kota Palembang akan menjadi penghubung dan mata-mata, disamping Polisi dan Pemerintahan Sipil, guna mengawasi kegiatan Belanda.

SUMBER PHOTO : palembangtempodulu.multiply.com

 

Akhirnya Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam diakhiri dengan gencatan senjata (cease fire) antara kedua belah pihak, dimana TRI/Lasykar harus kelur dari Kota Palembang sejauh 20 Kilometer kecuali Pemerintah Sipil RI dan ALRI masih tetap berada di dalam kota. Sedangkan pos-pos Belanda hanya boleh sejauh 14 Km dari pusat kota. Jalan raya di dalam kota dijaga pasukan Belanda dengan rentang wilayah 3 Km ke kiri dan kanan jalan. Hasil perundingan ini selanjutnya segera disampaikan ke markas besar TRI di Yogyakarta.

Kesimpulan


Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam merupakan upaya yang dilakukan Pasukan TRI, Lasykar dan Rakyat untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan di Kota Palembang. Dalam pertempuran itu, pihak lawan menguasai udara dan perairan (air and sea superioritary). Karena superioritas itulah mereka dapat bertahan dan disinilah pula terletak kelemahan kita serta tidak mempunyai perhubungan yang modern.

Pertempuran Lima Hari Lima Malam di Palembang merupakan pertempuran tiga matra dan perang terbesar dan terlengkap yang pertama kali kita alami. Namun pihak kita hingga akhir pertempuran masih dapat bertahan berkat semangat pengorbanan jiwa, jihad dan patriotisme yang besar dari para pejuang dan rakyat.

   

 

   

 

   


(ognilir web blog)

RAWAGEDE KARAWANG MASSACRE 1947

 

The Dutch ambassador to Indonesia attended Tuesday’s memorial service for those who died in the 1947 massacre at Rawagede on West Java, in which almost every man in the village was killed.

It was the first time a representative of the Dutch government has attended the annual event, and comes at a time when pressure is mounting for an official apology for the killing.

The massacre took place during the five years of guerilla war which preceded Indonesian independence when Dutch soldiers executed some 431 men and boys from the village.

In his speech, which was in Indonesian, Nikolaos van Dam referred to earlier “sincere apologies from the Dutch government.” Until now, the official Dutch line has been to say “sorry” for the massacre.

But in the Dutch version of the speech, the words apology or excuses do not appear. Instead, the word “regret” is used.

After his speech, the ambassador said the words could be taken as an apology. “For me, [apologies and saying sorry] are the same,” he said.

Batara Hutagalung, who is behind efforts to get the Dutch government to apologise properly, said the ambassador sent out a mixed message. “Was he speaking about apologies or about regret?” Hutagalung said. “He says they are the same thing, but they are not.”

In 2005 when the then foreign minister Ben Bot spoke about the massacre, he too used the word “regret”.

The Dutch government acknowledged in 1969 that a mass execution had taken place at Rawagede during Indonesia’s struggle for independence, after revelations by a former Dutch soldier on the scale of the atrocities perpetrated by the Dutch army in its former colony.

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947 are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Tragedy of Rawagede Massacre, December 9, 1947

The Forgotten Dutch Military Aggression’s Victims

By Batara R. Hutagalung
Chairman of The Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts

On December 9, 2007 at the Rawagede monument, the 60th commemoration of the massacre in the Rawagede village will be held.


On December 1947,

 in military aggression by the Dutch started since

July 21, 1947;

Dutch military members have slaughtered 431 people of Rawagede village near Karawang, West Java . On October 1948, Dutch military again conducted ‘sweeping’ in Rawagede, and this time 35 more people were killed. The massacre of village people in Rawagede is the second largest massacre after the massacre by Dutch military members in South Sulawesi between

 December 1946 to February 1947.

Until August 1949, thousands of people were still being murdered without legal inquiries. During its aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950, Dutch military have conducted various atrocities and crimes against humanity and severe human rights abuses, include rape against Indonesian women who have been captured by Dutch military personnel.


Ironically, all the crimes and human rights abuses were done by Dutch military after the end of the World War II on 1945, after the Dutch have been freed from German’ military aggression and hundred thousands of Dutch people were released from Japanese Internment camps where they were detained from 1942-1945.
Netherlands, which is member of nations which victimize by German and Japan’ military aggression, which also made inquiries on German and Japan as perpetrator of war crimes and human rights abuse. But later, Dutch military did the same thing, and responsible for various war crimes and crimes against humanity in its efforts to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia.

Background
Japan initiated its military aggression in East Asia by attacking the United States ’ military hub in Pearl Harbour, on December 1941. Then Japan attacked South East Asia , include Dutch’ colony which was Nederlands Indie. France , England and Dutch colonies in the region were one by one seized by Japan .
On March 1, 1942, Japanese army XVI under command of Lieutenant General Hitoshi Imamura attacked Java island, after Japan Navy destroyed Allies’ armies ABDACOM (American, British, Dutch, Australian Command) in a battle which known today as ‘the Battle of Java Sea’.


After the fight that last a week, Dutch military members in Dutch Indies almost without struggle, surrendered to Japanese army. On March 9, 1942 in Kalijati, near Subang, West Java, Lieutenant General Hein Ter Poorten, the top command of Dutch military in Dutch-Indies, representing Governor General of Dutch Indies, Jonkheer Alidus Warmmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh-Stachouwer, signed a document of unconditional surrender and handed over all Dutch colonies to Japan.

 

Therefore, March 9, 1942 marked the end of more than 300 years Dutch colonialism in Indonesia.


On August 15, 1945,

Japan declared surrender to the Allies but the unconditional surrender document was signed on September 2, 1945, on board of US warship ‘USS Missouri’ in Tokyo Bay; which brought the vacuum of power during the two dates in all Japanese colonies include ex Dutch colonies which have been handed over to Japan.


On August 17, 1945,

during the vacuum of power, Indonesian leaders have declared the Independence of Indonesia, and on August 18, 1945, have establish a government; which by thus, have fulfilled the three conditions to establish a nation, which are : 1. The presence of areas, 2. The presence of population, and 3. The presence of government.
On November 1946, the League of Arab Nations include Egypt, issued a resolution which acknowledged Indonesian independence as free and sovereign nation. It is a de jure acknowledgement according to International law.
After ‘surrendering’ its colonies formally to Japan, the Dutch have lost its rights and legitimation on Dutch-Indies. Therefore, when Indonesian people declared independence on August 17, 1945, this should not regarded as a coup against the Dutch.


The Dutch had been successful to obtain support from British to reinstate its colonialism in Indonesia, and these were enacted in Civil Affairs Agreement (CAA) which was signed in Chequers, England,

 on August 24, 1945.

 In CAA, British would ‘clean-up’ any military powers of Republic of Indonesia, to be transferred to NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration).
These are recorded in command of Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Commander S.E.Asia Command, dated September 2, 1945, which given to Commander of Division 5, which stated:

“…You are instructed to proceed with all speed to the island of Java in the East Indies to accept the surrender of Japanese Imperial Forces on that island, and to release Allied prisoners of war and civilian internees.
In keeping with the provisions of the Yalta Conference you will re-establish civilians rule and return the colony to the Dutch Administration, when it is in a position to maintain services.
As you are no doubt aware, the local natives have declared a Republic, but we are bound to maintain the status quo which existed before the Japanese Invasion…”

Under assistance of 3 divisions of British army under command of Lieutenant General Phillip Christison and 2 divisions of Australian army under command of Lieutenant General Leslie “Ming the Merciless” Morsehead, gradually the Dutch acquired its power in Indonesia.

On July 13, 1946,

 Australia ‘surrendered’ East Indonesia region to the Dutch, and on July 15-25, 1946, ex Dutch Vice Governor General, Dr. Van Mook, organized ‘Malino Conference’, near Makassar, to establish the East Indonesia State.


During the ‘clean-up period’ by British and Australian military, the Dutch sent more soldiers from Netherlands; in order when British and Australia pulled out their military personnel from Indonesia, the Dutch military power would be able to be immediate replacement. At that time, Dutch military members had exceeded 100,000 people and continuously increased to 200,000 people, with modern artilleries include heavy warfare which granted by British and Australian military.

Linggajati Agreement and Dutch Military Aggression I
British facilitated negotiation between Republic of Indonesia and Dutch in Linggajati. \On November 15, 1946,

Linggajati agreement was drafted;

 

and on March 25, 1947,

 the agreement was formally signed by the government of Republic of Indonesia and Dutch government in Jakarta .


The Dutch was clearly using delay strategy, to strengthen its army in Indonesia by continuously shipped more people from Netherlands .

Linggajati aggrement lasted less than 4 months due to breach by the Dutch, by conducted military aggression which started

on July 21, 1947,

 under code “Operatie Product”. As a mask to International community, the Dutch named this aggression as ‘police action’; and declared the acts as internal affairs, which equivalent to statement that Indonesia was still its colony.

Republic of Indonesia reported this aggression to the United Nations, due to its breach against international agreement which is Linggajati agreement. Security Council of the United Nations issued Resolution No. 27, dated

August 1, 1947,

which called for cease of conflict.


United Nations Security Council has been de facto acknowledged the existence of Republic of Indonesia ; which is proven by formally addressed ‘INDONESIA’ in its resolution, and not
‘Netherlands Indies’. Since the first resolution, which is Resolution No. 27 on August 1, 1947, followed by Resolution No. 30 and No. 31 dated August 25, 1947, Resolution No. 36 on November 1, 1947, and Resolution No. 67 on January 28, 1949, Security Council of the United Nations always referred conflict between Republic of Indonesia and Netherlands as ‘The Indonesian Question’.


Under pressure of United Nations Security Council,

on August 15, 1947,

 the Dutch government finally accepted resolution of United Nations Security Council to stop the fight.
 

On August 17, 1947,

government of Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch government agreed on resolution of United Nations Security Council to cease-fire,

 and on August 25, 1947,

United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch. This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia ,

on December 8, 1947,

a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

Rawagede Massacre

 

 


Eventhough crease-fire agreement has been signed and during the negotiation in USS Renville, in West Java, the Dutch army from Division 1 which also known as Division of December 7, continued to hunt Indonesian army and patriots who fought against the Dutch. Dutch army which took part in Operation in Karawang areas were Detachment 3-9 RI, 1e para compagnie and 12 Genie veld compagnie, which were support brigade from paramilitary and DST (Depot Speciaale Troepen).
On December 9, 1947, a day after the initiation of Renville negotiation, Dutch army under command of a Major, attacked Rawagede village and raided houses. But they did not find members of Indonesia army. This triggered them to force people to get out from their homes to be gathered in a field. Males above 15 years were ordered to stand side by side, and then questioned on the presence of Republic fighters. But none of the people were willing to reveal the location of Indonesian fighters.
The Dutch Officer then commanded to shoot dead all male villagers, include teenagers as young as 12 years. Few people were able to escape to the forest, even though they suffered bullet wounds. Saih, one of the survivors, now aged 83, told a story how he and his father and neighbors about 20 people were ordered to stand in a line. The Dutch army then emptied their machine weapons onto them, and his father who stood next to them died instantly by the bullets. He also shot in his hand, but he fell on the ground and feigned to be death. He ran away when he found chance.
On that day, Dutch army massacred 431 people of Rawagede; without legal inquiry, lawsuit nor defense. Same as in South Sulawesi, the Dutch army in Rawagede have conducted what they referred as on-site execution (standrechtelijke excecuties); an act which clearly categorized as war crimes which is murder of non-combatants. It was estimated that the actual victims were more than 431, since many have been swept away by torrential flood due to heavy rain.
The downpours caused pool of bloods continue to drench the village. What left were women and children. The next day, after the Dutch army left the village, the women buried the bodies with in-adequate equipments. One mother buried her husband and two sons aged 12 and 15 years. They could not dug deep, only 50 centimeters, which caused the stenches stayed for days.
This massacre was also known by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia from the United Nations. But the commission’ reaction was limited to ‘critic’ against the military action which they called “deliberate and ruthless”, without further strict sanction due to human-rights abuse; let alone treating this massacre against innocent people as war crimes.
Now, there are 9 widows of the victims and 1 survivor of Rawagede massacre on December 9, 1947. The youngest, Imi, now aged 75. At that time, she was 15 years old and just married for 3 days when her husband was shot dead before her eyes. Since then, she is not married. All of them are only illiterate village people.

De Excessennota
On January 1969, under pressure of Dutch parliament, the Dutch government established a team to review archives which submitted to Dutch government, in order to investigate misconducts by Dutch military members (KL, Koninklijke Landmacht and KNIL, Koninklijke Nederlands-Indische Leger), in Indonesia during 1945-1950. After conducting analysis in 5 months, the results were compiled in a report under title “Nota betreffende het archievenonderzoek naar gegevens omtrent excessen in Indonesië begaan door Nederlandse militairen in de periode 1945-1950”, shortened as
De Excessennota. This formal report was presented by Prime Minister deJong on June 2, 1969. This report which prepared in a hurry only put 140 ‘excess’ which done by Dutch army, despite many other incidents; since there were large murder cases done by Dutch military personnel were not included in the Excessennota.
In Netherlands, many parties have clearly denounce that what have been done by Dutch military during this period are war crimes (
oorlogs-misdaden) and not a mere excess.
The massacre in Rawagede, South Sulawesi and many other severe crimes against humanity, are only small evidences of Dutch military’ war crimes, in its efforts to re-colonialize Indonesia, after Indonesian people declared independence.
On August 16, 2005, in Jakarta , Dutch Foreign Minister Ben Bot stated that:

“…In retrospect, it is clear that its large-scale deployment of military forces in 1947 put the Netherlands on the wrong side of history. The fact that military action was taken and that many people on both sides lost their lives or were wounded is a harsh and bitter reality especially for you, the people of the Republic of Indonesia . A large number of your people are estimated to have died as a result of the action taken by the Netherlands …”

But this statement has been served as a mere lip service, since the Dutch government continues to remain irresponsible on various massacres on non-combatant people of Indonesia, and 60 years after these tragedies, remained unwilling to compensate the surviving victims, widows and family members of victims of Dutch army’ atrocities conducted during its military aggression in Indonesia between 1945-1950.


On the 9th of December 1947 Dutch soldiers massacred 431 men in the Javanese village of Rawagede. It is not the first time this ghost from the past surfaced in the national media. Recently for instance this reporter wrote about it. In December 2007 newspaper “Trouw” dedicated a lengthy article to this black page of Dutch history. And now, last week, this war crime from over sixty years ago reappeared on TV, internet and in the papers once more.

Friday, the 12th of September there was this story by the son of a non commissioned officer who served during the Indonesian war of independence in the Dutch  army. Not a sheer coincidence, because earlier this week, Wednesday, the 11th of September,  another newspaper, “De Volkskrant”, published a short news item, “The Indonesian claim is reasonable” ,  about victims of that particular event, who almost sixty years later, seek justice- that is financial compensation – in Dutch courts.  And on Monday the 8th of

September

Group Sues Dutch War Crimes in Rawagede

The Dutch massacre in Rawagede is to be tried in The Hague on June 20 2011

 

Rawagede Massacre in 1947 (www.eenvandaag.nl)

VIVAnews – This is what happened on December 9, 1947: the Dutch soldiers’ trample entering Rawagede village. The soldiers came to search for a group of rioters. However, what happened was a massacre. As many as 430 settlers died, all were men.

 

It was raining on that unfortunate day, arousining

 

uncanny atmosphere. Red liquid, water mixed with blood, swamped the village. Women and children—the remaining settlers—buried the bodies with whatever strength and tools they had. The stench of the bodies from shallow graves was in the air for days. It was the cruelest and bloody crime the Dutch had ever committed between 1945 and 1949.

Rawagede is now gone, the name is changed to Balongsari village, in Rawamerta, Karawang. It is situated between Karawang and Bekasi. Sixty four years have passed, but the Rawagede legal case is not completed.

The families of the massacre victims filed a lawsuit at The Hague District Court on Wednesday, December 9, 2009. Represented by Liesbeth Zegveld, the families asked the Netherlands government to acknowledge the cruelty they have committed in Rawagede. They also asked for compensation.

The trial of Rawagede case is not yet complete. On Monday, June 20, 2011 at 9.30am local time, the lawyer is scheduled to read out a pledge or pledooi administratie. “The group of the victims’ families who become witnesses will leave for the Netherlands on Wednesday, June 15, 2011 from Soekarno-Hatta airport,” says the press release of the Committee of Dutch Honorary Debts that VIVAnews received on Tuesday evening, June 14, 2011.

It calls on Indonesian community, especially who are living in European Union countries, to watch the trial this Monday. Especially because the trial will be held a day before the commemoration of the death of Indonesia’s first president Sukarno on June 21, 2011.

The then Dutch Ambassador to Indonesia Nikolaos van Dam said his government had conveyed a deep regret over the Rawagede massacre. This was delivered when van Dam visited the 61st commemoration of Rawagede Tragedy at Rawagede Monument, Balongsari village, Rawamerta, Karawang district, West Java on December 9, 2008


“It was estimated that the number of Indonesians who died because of the Dutch’s violence was large. On behalf of the Dutch government, I would like to convey a deep regret over all the sufferings,” said van Dam, who retired as senior diplomat in 2010.

A Dutch court is expected to rule later if survivors of a massacre carried out more than 60 years ago will get compensation. According to Indonesian researchers, dutch troops wiped out almost the entire male population of a village in West Java, two years after the former colony declared independence in 1945. Most Indonesians do not know about the massacre that took place in Rawagede in 1947. Only recently has a monument been built to remind residents that Dutch soldiers killed all the men of the village. The only living witnesses are now in their 80s, and illiterate, after having to fend for themselves following the deaths of their husbands. “There were dead bodies everywhere, many of which we found in the river after the shooting stopped,” said Cawi, a survivor. The massacre in Rawagede is not the only village where the Netherlands has an unresolved dark history. Al Jazeera’s Step Vassen reports from Rawagede, Indonesia.

Monument Rawa Gede

Place :Karawang Regencies

 

Rawa Gede Monument, one of the places in Karachi that has historical value, is the place where Anwar was inspired to write the famous poem Between Karawang Bekasi. In the occurrence of these tragic events have now been built

Rawagede Monument.


You will follow the story of the tragic events that occurred Rawagede on December 9, 1947

which began about four o’clock in the morning. At that time, Dutch military conduct raids into people’s homes. Any person who is found, especially males, were collected in the field. They asked about the whereabouts of fighters who hide as the father of Captain Luke Kustaryo Danki Regiment VI Jakarta. All citizens no one answered, so there was a massacre by Dutch military.
The event is manifested in the form of two-storey building monuments built starting in November 1995 and inaugurated on July 12, 1996. Observe the room downstairs where there is a diorama of the massacre the citizens by the Dutch army, which will probably make you a little chilling stand. The outer walls are decorated the bottom of the reliefs depicting the struggle of the people of Falkirk. Specifically on the rear panel reliefs depicted the struggle of the people in the Falkirk area Rawagede while risking life for the sake of independence. The tomb of a hero in the back named Raga Sampurna. In addition to the eastern entrance there are two victims of a hero’s grave events in Rawagede Dutch military action. The toll was made up of events December 9, 1947 – October 1948 as many as 491 people. Among the victims were buried in the garden tomb of heroes as much as 181 people Raga Sampurna.

 

 

 


————————————————————–

Petition to urge the Netherlands Government,
to recognize de jure Indonesian Independence Day was on August 17th 1945, and
to apologize for the colonialization, slavery, violation of human rights and horrific crimes against humanity

 

January 1947

Letnan Kolonel Abdul Qahhar sebagai komandan TRIPS merangkap sebagai komandan KGS (Kesatuan Grup Seberang),awal 1947

 

Source

trimudilah.blogspot.

 

mengirimkan ekspedisi tenaga pejuang dari Jawa ke Sulawesi dan juga ke daerah-daerah Indonesia Timur lainnya. Sehingga di Sulawesi pada tahun 1947 sudah terorganisir empat batalyon pejuang yang dipimpin oleh Kaso Abdul Gani, Andi Selle, Andi Sose dan Arief Rate

 

 

 

 

Ditangkap ekstremis Indonesia, mengangkat tangan mereka, oleh tentara Belanda (KNIL / KNIL pasukan) dikawal, Indonesia pada bulan Januari 1947. ( helm nya cuy hehehe .. wermach punya)

helm Wehrmacht dapat dari mana ya,setahu saya Belanda pakek M1 Helmet,maaf klo OOT

January_february

electric billing from Djawatan Listrik dan Gas Palembang with dai nippon rev f-.15 without overprint

 

January,1st.1947

Series 2, ‘1 January 1947′

The second series of money now emanated from ‘Djokjakarta’, the Republic’s base following the ‘Police Action’ of July 21, 1947, which had confined the Republicans to Yogyakarta and Central Java. The notes were dated January 1, 1947, in denominations of 5, 10, 25, and 100 rupiah.

 

(1)the very rare handwritten overprint 311 Repin-donesia on Dai nippon sumatra definitif stamp 2sen ,pair two cent, Postally used money order fragment cds  tembilahan showa date 21.1.3(Jan,3rd,1947)

(2) The very rare official cover send by courier from walinegeri NRI(repoeblic Indonesia state) at  Kajai village ( near Taloe,Pasaman west sumatra) to  Military Tjamat  at Talamau village.

 

January,2nd.1947

 

The promotion label of Keng Po newspaper(now became Kompas newspaper) under the  redactie leader Injo Beng Goat ,starting issued 2 january 1947, this promotianal in Star weekly magazine 29 december 1946.

 

January ,6th.1947

The rare of complete   Pospakket evidence form(ontvangbewijs) with pen line overprint by repoeblic pos officie Koeningan (west Java) on DEI dancer stamp

 

1ST BATTALION STOOTTROEPERS

INDONESIA

These photographs belong to
Mr. HEIN VERBRUGGE
Platoon Commander
of the 1st Battalion Stoottroepers

 

I was sent the actual photographs by Mr. Verbrugge to scan and to keep so I could have them to put on my site. I am so honoured that he has entrusted these to me because I know that each photograph, no matter how many a man has, has a special meaning and a memory with it so for Mr. Verbrugge to part with these means a great deal to me.


Semarang January 6th, 1947. A complete combat patrol left with patrol commander Ensign Maessen.

 

 

Semarang 1946 drill at camp Djatingalee. (Drill was nicknamed Square Bashing)

 

 



font row left to right Leo Jarrsma, Arie Djkstra and Janus Kerssens.

(according to my Daddy, he told my mom he always got stuck bringing up the rear because he was so short so that guy strutting along at the back of the line by himself might be my Dad, but

 

I’m not sure.)

 

 

 

January,7th.1947

Sumitro terpaksa meninggalkan Dora, yang baru enam bulan dinikahinya, tepatnya 7 Januari 1947. Ia berjumpa pertama dengan Dora Sigar di Rotterdam tahun 1945. Ketika itu Dora belajar di Ilmu Perawatan Pascabedah di Utrecht.

(sumitro)

 

8 Januari 1947

 

Tanggal 8 Januari 1947,

 

 

pabrik semen di Indarung

yang didirikan Belanda tahun 1910 dengan nama

 

 

NV NIPCM (NV Nederlandsch Indische Portland Cement Maatschappij )

ditembaki dari udara oleh beberapa pesawat Mustang Belanda.

 

“Masyarakat Indarung dan Padang sekitarnya waktu itu mencari perlindungan dengan membuat lubang atau lari ke perbukitan sekitar Solok dan Pesisir Selatan.

 

Mereka terdiri dari orang tua, wanita dan anak-anak, ada yang lari ke pegunungan dan hutan-hutan,” ujar pria yang lahir sekitar tahun 1940-an itu.

Veteran yang masih fokus memperjuangkan idealisme kebangsaan ini seperti menerawang sejenak. (Derius)

 

 

 

 

January,9th.1947

 

 

Unusual Censored postcard (Bu RJ 14), probably with a surcharge of 10 cents for the struggle for independence (see stamp) 9.1.47 Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta left very light name stamp-Gondalajoe

January,10th.197

The repoeblik Indonesia National Police Pajakoemboeh(west sumatra) Travelling Pass (rare document)

 

 

January 11 1947.

Waspada newspaper publishes first issue in Medan.

Jan,13th.47

The Dutch Federaal Government ,NIT Negara Indonesia Timue(East Indonesia State) “Melantik”inagurated  their Cabinet.

Jan.17th.1947

The recieved of Garut Hospital Billing for medical operation Rp.50.- with java repoeblik Indonesia

 

revenue limcabelas sen(-,15) unperforated.

 

 

18 Januari 1947

 

 

Pada  tanggal 18 Januari 1947 atau 10 hari setelah pemboman Indarung, Belanda datang kembali dengan pesawat Mustang dan melancarkan serangan udaranya di

 

 

Pasar Bandar Buat.

Saat itu hari Minggu, merupakan hari pasar di daerah itu. Meskipun ada versi yang mengatakan serangan itu terjadi sekitar pukul 15.00 WIB, tapi ada pula catatan Angku Darwis yang dibuat tahun 1994 mengatakan itu terjadi pada pukul 10:00 WIB.

“Yang ini mungkin lebih mendekati, karena melihat faktanya yang meninggal mencapai ratusan jiwa.

 

 Pada jam itu, keadaan di pasar memang pas puncaknya keramaian orang yang datang dari berbagai penjuru sekitar Padang, Solok, Pariaman dan Pesisir Selatan,” ujarnya.

“Yang bersangkutan (Angku Darwis) saat diwawancarai untuk membuat sebuah buku tahun 1994 itu sedang sakit dan dalam perawatan dokter. Namun, berkenaan dengan perisitiwa itu ia masih sanggup mengingat dan menceritakan tentang perisitiwa Bandar Buat,” sela Zulwadi.

Ada pula Angku Munir yang menjadi saksi mata, lanjutnya Hingga sorenya, Angku Munir dan beberapa orang temannya bekerja keras mengumpulkan ratusan korban yang luka parah serta mayat – mayat yang tak tahu pasti jumlahnya.

“Mungkin ratusan,” Zulwadi memperkirakan.

Para korban dibawa dengan pedati, alat transportasi populer masa itu. Mereka di bawa ke Lapangan Kabun, sekitar setengah kilometer dari Pasar Bandar Buat.

 

Di tempat itu, yang luka parah segera ditangani oleh Palang Merah.

Pemandangan memiriskan waktu itu sudah dapat dibayangkan. Sebagian besar korban adalah wanita dan anak-anak. Konon, saksi mata Angku Munir melihat banyak wanita meregang nyawa sambil mendekap anaknya yang masih bayi.

Ada pula beberapa pedati yang ditarik sapi atau kerbau berjalan sendiri karena tukang pedatinya telah tewas.

“Takut akan serangan berikutnya. Setelah mengumpulkan para jenazah ke satu tempat bersama teman-temannya, Angku Munir lari ke hutan sekitar Indarung. Benar saja, pesawat Belanda kembali meraung-raung mencari sasaran bergerak di bawahnya.

 

Rentetan tembakan terdengar lagi mulai dari Indarung, Bandar Buat danLubuk Begalung,”

 

tutur Datuk Bagindo Kalih dalam nada agak emosional.

Setelah beberapa hari keadaan dirasakan cukup kondusif, Angku Munir Cs tadi baru keluar dari persembunyian dan menemukan jenazah-jenazah yang tadi ditinggal sudah agak mengurai sehingga segera mereka kuburkan dalam satu lubang. Puluhan jenazah dikuburkan dalam satu lubang.

“Rupanya setelah selesai menguburkan puluhan mayat masih terdapat sekitar 40 mayat lagi yang belum dikubur menurut yang diceritakan Angku Munir dan Angku Kamar dalam catatan yang dibukukan oleh Mestika Z dan kawan – kawan,” ucap Zulwadi.

Ya, itu baru satu peristiwa di Pasar Bundar Buat, belum lagi di Kamang, di Situjuh, dan Cupak serta beberapa tempat lainnya. Perlawanan rakyat dipatahkan Belanda dengan cara keji dan membabibuta. Anak – anak dan wanita menjadi korban.

“Ini adalah kejahatan perang yang dilakukan Belanda terhadap Bangsa Indonesia,” ujarnya.

 

. (derius)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan.20th.1947

the express postal stationer annyversary  one years Indonesia Independence  day card added java definiti revolutioner stamp 40 seb ,sencered chope telah ditilik send from tjirebon 20.1.47 to Djakarta

 

Jan.21th.1947

(1)The Java electric billing  with revenue

 

(2)The only two off cover ,

(a)Typewritten overprint rep:indonesia on  dai nippon definitive sumatra stamp 20 cent.straigth two , cds  Bagansiapi-api showa date  21.1,3 or January,3rd.1947 (Riau) -the owner Ricardo,now in Deng Haag Phillatelic museum.

 

(b) the same stamps,single stamp on money order fragment,date  not clear ,bagansiapi-api. courtecy Dr iwan suwandy.

January,23th.1947

 

Netherlands Soldier’s Free Mail 23/1/1947 Veldpost-Semarang to Blaricum, Netherlands. Ragged opening tear at top. EUROPEAN SIZE (Inv NN470128

Jan.24th.1947

Dutch attack on December 30, 1946 is really crippling the power of our army. Regional army positions one by one fell into the hands of the Netherlands. In the Dutch attack overran Sikambing River,

so it can break into any directions.the advanced of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment.

He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place on January 24, 1947 in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.

 

 

 

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando dilakukan pada

tanggal 24 Januari 1947

di Tanjung Morawa.

 

 Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area.

January 1947

The deve,lopment  of  struggle attracted the attention of the Commander in Medan Sumatra commandment.

He considered that the struggle waged by the army People’s Regiment Field Area, is because the policy itself. Commandment decided to form a new command, led by Lt. Col. Sucipto. Handover of command took place

on January 24, 1947

in Tanjung Morawa. Since then, the troops entered the Front TRI Medan Area, including assistance from Aceh who joined the Regiment of the Special Field Area.


Within 3 weeks of Field Command Area (KMA) held a consolidated, organized plan new attacks against the city of Medan.

Its power is about 5 battalions to the division of the appropriate target.

D Day “H” is determined

 February 15, 1947

and at “j” is 06.00.

Unfortunately due to communication error of this attack was not done simultaneously, but nevertheless managed to make a general attack Dutch scrambling all night.

Lacking heavy weapons, the way the battle is not changed. dawn our troops to retreat to Mariendal. General attack February 15, 1947 This is the last major attack launched by pejoang-pejoang in Medan Area.

Until the eve of the Dutch Military Aggression to I,

where RI in Medan Area troops amounted to a riel at 7 battalion and remained in its original position which divides the Front Area of ​​sectors Medan,

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with kita.

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors. Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.


Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years. In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

Other version

Perang Medan Area yang terjadi di Kota Medan

 15 Februari 1947,

 dinilai lebih menggambarkan sikap kepahlawanan dari beberapa perang lainnya melawan kolonialisme Belanda.

Sekretaris Pusat Sudi Sejarah dan Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial (Pussis) Universitas Negeri Medan, Erond Damanik, mengatakan berdasarkan pengkajian yang dilakukan, maka perang Medan Area tidak kalah penting jika dibanding dengan perang lainnya di Surabaya, 10 November 1945 yang akhirnya memunculkan sebutan “Arek-Arek Suroboyo

Menurut dia, dari segi lamanya perang dan jumlah korban materil serta nyawa, ternyata Perang Medan Area lebih menggambarkan sikap kepahlawan. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari sejumlah tokoh yang memainkan peran penting dalam perang tersebut.

 

Tokoh-tokoh yang terlibat sudah lintas batas etnis dan agama, yang ternyata dapat bersatu di kota Medan dalam mengusir kolonialisme. Dengan arti kata, Arek-arek Suroboyo, Bandung Lautan Api, Serangan Umum di Yogyakarta dan Medan Area adalah setara.

 

“Tetapi perang Medan Area lebih khas, karena semua etnis dapat bersatu di kawasan itu untuk menentang kolonialisme. Dengan begitu, jargon kesatuan kiranya lebih pas untuk menggambarkan keadaan tersebut,” kata Erond, malam ini.

 

Peristiwa Medan Area bermula dari kedatangan tentara Inggris (Sekutu) yang membonceng NICA dengan tujuan meninjau tawanan perang Jepang, namun kemudian beralih untuk membebaskan tawanan.

 

Selanjutnya tentara sekutu juga membangun kekuatan untuk mengembalikan kekuasaannya yang pernah dirampas oleh Jepang. Pihak Inggris yang seharusnya menjadi penertib malah lebih berpihak kepada Belanda.

 

Menghadapi situasi semacam itu, rakyat Medan malakukan taktik perimbangan, yang akhirnya terjadilah perlawanan Laskar Rakyat dan Tri melawan sekutu.

 

Pada tanggal 15 Februari 1947,

keluarlah perintah dari markas pertempuran Komando Medan Area (KMA) untuk mengadakan penyerangan serentak terhadap pertahanan  musuh di dalam kota

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dan seluruh laskar telah siap sedia menjalankan perintah itu dan penyerangan umum adalah merupakan jawaban tegas terhadap pelanggaran-pelanggaran yang terus menerus dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda.

 

Untuk masing-masing sektor telah ditentukan Komandannya yakni pertempuran di fron Medan Barat dipimpin oleh Mayor Hasan Achmad dari Resimen Istimewa Medan Area atau RIMA.

 

Pertempuran di front Medan Area Selatan dipimpin oleh Mayor Martinus Lubis dan pertempuran di front Koridor Medan Belawan berasal dari pasukan Yahya Hasan dan Letnan Muda Amir Yahya dari Kompi II Batalyion III RIMA.

 

Referensi

 


Pada tanggal 15 Februari 1947,

keluarlah perintah dari markas pertempuran Komando Medan Area (KMA) untuk mengadakan penyerangan serentak terhadap pertahanan musuh di dalam kota.

Diseluruh Medan Area dan seluruh laskar telah siap sedia menjalankan perintah itu dan penyerangan umum adalah merupakan jawaban tegas terhadap pelanggaran-pelanggaran yang terus menerus dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda.

Untuk masing-masing sektor telah ditentukan Komandannya yakni pertempuran di fron Medan Barat dipimpin oleh Mayor Hasan Achmad dari Resimen Istimewa Medan Area atau RIMA.

Pertempuran di front Medan Area Selatan dipimpin oleh Mayor Martinus Lubis dan pertempuran di front Koridor Medan Belawan berasal dari pasukan Yahya Hasan dan Letnan Muda Amir Yahya dari Kompi II Batalyion III RIMA.

Hal ini jelas menimbulkan reaksi para pemuda dan TKR untuk melawan kekuatan asing yang mencoba berkuasa kembali. Pada tanggal 10 Agustus 1946 di Tebingtinggi diadakan pertemuan antara komandan-komandan pasukan yang berjuang di Medan Area. Pertemuan tersebut memutuskan dibentuknya satu komando yang bernama Komando Resimen Laskar Rakyat Medan Area.

 

Jan,25th.1947

The rare Sunrise book shop Batavia promotional on the back. send from Kelenteng Pekapuran 3 Batavia  to Surabaia.

at Back of cover  :

 

a) Happy New Year

(b) The spirit of the new year. Begeloralan seantaro (all) world where life is based abru atat: SAN MIN CHU I> Malay Language output () was published) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia” 929, printed dias fine paper, compleet (complete) premises tables, 300 Pagina (page) large, disposable karrtun and National Chinese flag (Chinese Nationalist) and Partij price of 50 guilders.

Sun Yat Sen’s memoirs. AS PATRIOT Dr. Sun Yat Sen meritorious BEEN DOING GREAT WORK LIKE A BANGASA Chinese (CHINESE OVERSEAS) is that it was ERECTING Republic of China. Memoirs premises FULL IMAGE, PRICE 3 guilders. HOSTS NEED TO READ

(a) Selamat tahun Baru

(b) Semangat tahun baru. Begeloralan seantaro(segala) dunia bila dasarkan hidup abru atat :SAN MIN CHU I > Bahasa melayu keluaran ()diterbitkan) Kwee Khe Soei “sunrise Bavia”929, dicetak dias kertas halus , compleet(lengkap) denga tabel ,300 pagina(halaman) besar ,pakai karrtun dan bendera Tiongkok Nasional(Chinese Nationalist) dan partij harga 50 gulden.

RIWAYATNYA SUN YAT SEN .SEBAGAI PATRIOT dr SUN YAT SEN BERJASA TELAH  LAKUKAN PEKERJAAN BESAR BAGAI BANGASA tIONGHOA (CHINESE OVERSEAS)  IALAH TELAH MENDIRIKAN rEPUBLIK tIONGKOK. RIWAYATNYA LENGKAP DENGA GAMBAR ,HARGA 3 GULDEN.tUAN PERLU BACA

 

 

 

Jan.27th.1947

(a)the letter of Patih Sragen with officail Boepati sragen handsatmped.

 

(b) The rare Pen line  overprint on DEI Karbouw 1 cent stamps ,postally used on the “Tanda terima Pengiriman Pospakket”(Pospakket evidence  form)

 

And the same stamps in unused mint stamps put on the back of Repoeblic Indonesia paper money chnaged form

 

 

.at this time due to many fake papermoney ,Repoeblic Indonesia government asking the people to cgange their money at post office, the original will given back  and the fake one  will stamped false(palsoe) and the owner will gave the recieved.

Jan.31th.1947

 

 

 

the author of book “Soesana Politika Semendjak Indonesia Merdeka (Political Situation Since Indonesia Independence), Mr Moetijar, gave his book to west soematra delegation with his hand written in Indonesia;” Tandamata Perdjoangan kepada toean2 oetoesan dari Soematera Barat dari Pengarang” with his handsign Djakarta 31/1-1947, the owner of the book handsigned Dr.A.R.Oesman

( the father of my friend Dr Razes Osman ) Dr Rahim Oesma had done medical autopstion the Padang city Major  Bagindo Aschischan)

February 1947

February,1st ,1947

The electric and gas Indramajoe recieved with  Rep.Indonesia small  Fifteen sen. -.15 limabelas sen.

February,2nd.1947

 

Ki Hajar dewantoro in February,2nd.1947

February,3th,47

indonesia journalist organisation iwi protest the PID instructions, they choosed to quit berhenti,

February,4th,1947

e. Rows SPECIAL POLICE TO FIELD AREA

(NETHERLANDS TO AGGRESSION – I)

1). On 4 February 1947 set out rows of Special Police Tapanuli residency led by MAS KADIRAN with 150 members to the FRONT FIELD AREA. Up in P. Mas Siantar Kadiran Sumatra facing the police chief based in KBP Siantar P. R. Solomon and met with Governor of Sumatra TM HASAN in the Front Rows of the Special Police Area Medan placed in Perbaungan and High Cliff, and at the forefront of Tanjung Morawa.

2). February 15, 1947 from Battle Field Area Headquarters held throughout the Defense enemy attacks in the city of Medan, in this general attack the Dutch began to exert all the power of Weapons

3) Weight, Tanks and Aircraft, and managed to break a general attack FIELD AREA of the fighters a lot and finally fell victim FIELD AREA FRONT forces retreated to the rear lines, as well as the ranks of the Residency Tapanuli SPECIAL POLICE survive in Marendal, Tg Morawa and Pakam and eventually returned to Perbaungan.

f. Rows SPECIAL POLICE BACK

TO THE PARENT UNIT in Sibolga

1). Government of Indonesia failed negotiation with the Dutch Government in Linggar teak, then the task sequence SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli to be a Security Police in the line of the status quo in Medan Area, but this task can not be implemented yet for security Tapanuli Command Council and the Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli to pull back to Tapanuli. Based on MAS KADIRAN order will then ordered his men are still at the forefront in the pull back and return to the Chief Constable of East Sumatra in P. Siantar to return to Sibolga.

2) Next in Sibolga MAS KADIRAN reports to the Regional Defense Council Tapanuli and Police Chief Residency in Tapanuli about the tasks during the Medan area, then MAS KADIRAN Konsulidasi ordered troops in this plan make MAS KADIRAN Armored Cars and few long-distance shooter Weapons (cannon).

g. LAYER STEEL MAKING CARS AND cannon

1) To accelerate the plan of Armored Cars MAS KADIRAN ask Some inmates in correctional institution who is an expert in the technique out and join the ranks of the Residency SPECIAL POLICE Tapanuli, in danger of capture of the former Japanese Army armored cars and the Dutch Army and aid in Car Repair Sibolga with hard work finally is completed Armored Cars and Armored Car generate 1 2 2.5 Ton 1.5 Ton Armored Cars and Armored Car 1 1 Ton.

2) Plan to add Next MAS KADIRAN Distance Sniper Weapons (cannon) for this MAS members KADIRAN ordered to sail to the Island Tower Poncane (Mursala) to take the former Japanese army cannon and Dutch troops, arriving on the Island Tower Poncane MAS KADIRAN ordered to examine guns after the select then traces the cannon brought to Sibolga for service.

h shootings DUTCH WAR SHIP

Torpedo IN BAY Sibolga

1) On Friday 28 April 1947 Dutch Warship Type torpedo JTI Anchoring 1.5 Miles from Labuhan Angin at Heading Sibolga information from ALRI in G. Ketapang. The situation became tense in the town of Sibolga Tapanuli Defense Council in Battleship berangkatkan headed to file a protest at the presence of Dutch Warships from the results of negotiations in the Dutch Ship Captain Ship delegation accept it and go back to the Army and Warships headed for Sabang.

February 5th.1947.

(a)Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam student organizatino is founded at Yogya.Sukarno and Hatta threatened  to resign if the Linggajati agreement is not ratified

(b)Between December 1946 and February 1947, the Dutch forces (KNIL) executed nearly 3000 people without trial.

(c) Postally used express postal stationer 1 year Indonesia independence card ,added 40 cent revolution java defintif tamp from Tjerebon cds 5.2.47 to  Djakarta (same cover with january.20th.1947

(d) The Repoeblic Indonesia’s Java Kedoe Residency  order (Koetipan Kepoetoesan Residen Kedoe) 5.2.1047 about the list of kedoe official employee , and hope the employee will : “mencurahkan segala fikiran,tenaga dan jiwa masing-masing  untuk keselamatan Negara Republic Indonesia. sign by resident secretary with  ORI overprint republic revenue -.50 (fifty cent.)

 

 

February,1st.1947

the Postally used cover from Padang to Bukittinggi with repoeblic Indonesia sumatra definitive stamps .

 

On February 2nd 1947

the first Inter-Indonesian Conference was convened on Batavia so that representatives of all Indonesian states could meet to present a common front at the final forthcoming round-table conference.

Here the situation was clear. The remaining pro-federalist representatives were a clear minority and were totally relying on the waning support of Dutch exiles, and thus even they were willing to make some accommodation with Sukarno and Hatta.

The fact that the Republicans also controlled a substantial military force at Java also made the future status of the replacement force of KNIL and the true balance of power within the federation rather clear.

.

February,9th.1947

 

NRI Pospakket Address Card  CDs Malang 9.2.47 on NRI Java definitive stamp Rp 100.- send to Ngawi

 

D Day “H” is determined

 February 15, 1947

and at “j” is 06.00.

Unfortunately due to communication error of this attack was not done simultaneously, but nevertheless managed to make a general attack Dutch scrambling all night.

Lacking heavy weapons, the way the battle is not changed. dawn our troops to retreat to Mariendal. General attack February 15, 1947

This is the last major attack launched by pejoang-pejoang in Medan Area.

Until the eve of the Dutch Military Aggression to I,

where RI in Medan Area troops amounted to a riel at 7 battalion and remained in its original position which divides the Front Area of ​​sectors Medan,

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with us

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors. Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.


Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years. In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

 

 

19 February 1947

 

Nederlands: negatief. Straatgezicht met een als “de Nederlandse Leeuw” verklede persoon uit Tjiherang, tijdens de feestelijkheden ter gelegenheid van de geboorte van prinses Marijke (Christina)

 

 

February,17th.1947

 

Used CTO registered NRI overprint east Sumatra on DN occupation stamp postal stationer from medan cerated by Mr Sajoer st Maharadja Pengoempoel Perangko djalan anatraa no 110 a medan(he created many CTO philatelic createan postal history during dai Nippon occupation and Indonesian revolutionary period)

I have seen four original CTO CDS Medan with registered Receiving created bySayoer St maharaja pengumpul perangko medan ,now courtecy mr Rasjid siagian with thin CDS

.(Dr Iwan note)

But in this date there were Dutch power in Medan and NRI Medan Area planning to attack but not done smulatneus, I think may be they chop later? All the decision depend to the collectors, because Mr Rasjid siagian told me that Mr sajoer tell him that he go to NRI post office by bicycles????

 

February,21th .1947

 

This ex M Soewil and Dr Iwan collection, postally used NRi overprint elips with 100 rp handwritten,CDS Loeboek aloeng 21.2,47

 

Februray,12th.1947

the postally used postcard from Pematangsiantar to Padang.with repoeblic indonesia soematra definitive stamps (rare used card)

 

February,15th.1947

Dalam waktu 3 minggu Komando Medan Area (KMA) mengadakan konsolidasi, disusun rencana serangan baru terhadap kota Medan. Kekuatannya sekitar 5 batalyon dengan pembagian sasaran yang tepat. Hari “H” ditentukan

15 Februari 1947

dan jam “j” adalah pukul 06.00. Sayang karena kesalahan komunikasi serangan ini tidak dilakukan secara serentak, tapi walaupun demikian serangan umum ini berhasil membuat Belanda kalang kabut sepanjang malam.

 

Karena tidak memiliki senjata berat, jalannya pertempuran tidak berobah. menjelang subuh pasukan kita mundur ke Mariendal. Serangan umum 15 Februari 1947 ini adalah serangan besar terakhir yang dilancarkan oleh pejoang-pejoang di Medan Area.

 

Sampai menjelang Agresi Militer ke I Belanda, yang mana pasukan RI di Medan Area berjumlah yang riel sebesar 7 batalyon dan tetap pada kedudukan semula yang membagi Front Medan Area atas beberapa sektor, ialah Medan timur, Medan selatan, Medan barat dan Medan utara. Dan begitu pula membagi Medan atas 4 sektor yang sama, dan dengan demikian mereka langsung berhadapan dengan pasukan kita.Pada saat terjadi Agresi Militer Belanda ke I, Belanda melancarkan serangannya terhadap pasukan RI ke semua sektor.

 

Perlawanan terhadap Belanda hampir 1 minggu, dan setelah itu pasukan-pasukan RI mengundurkan diri dari Medan Area.
Kesimpulan:Pertempuran di Medan Area merupakan perlawanan yang paling sengit dan panjang di Sumatera Timur, yang berlangsung hampir 2 tahun.

 

Dalam peristiwa ini ialah motivasi rakyat dan Pemuda Pejuang yang tidak mau dijajah dengan disertai sikap ulet dan pantang menyerah.

 

 Tapi walaupun demikian bagaimana pun kuatnya motivasi, tanpa dilandasi kerjasama dan koordinasi yang baik, maka setiap kegiatan dapat mengalami kegagalan. Sejarah telah membuktikan betapa pahitnya keadaan ini.

(Penulis adalah pejoang ’45 dan mantan tawanan)

Feb,19th.1947

the white big repoeblic Indonedia independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent with legalized Madieon CDS without date,send from  Tjaroeban to Modjokerto, added definive repoblik indonesia java stamps 4o cent , with express stamped and sencore choped “TELAH DITILIK” .

Feb.21th.1947

(a)The very rare ,only one ever seen postally used stationer card  Dai Nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cent , with overprint sumatra type 13 A and the rarte change with hand written 100 sen , send from CDS Loeboek aloeng  rep.Indonesia 21.2.47 to Padang.

 

(b) The CTO Padang repoeblik Indonesia on Dai Nippon 31/2 cent karbouw postal stationer  with double overprin Repoeblic Indonesia 15 sen small and F 0,75 (new nominal) postal stationer

.

(c) the same CTO postmark above on  Cover with Sumatra definitive stamps. 2x 5 sen,2×15 sen,40 sen brown and 40 sen red.

 

(f)The Rare Batavia Postmark on postally used cover(unique home made cover with black and red line)

 

(g)the rare postally used cover with Dai Nippon Lampong stamps used during Reepoeblik without Republic overprint from Telokbetong to Palembang.

February,22th.1947

The Indonesian Independent anniversary Postal Stationer  card  legalized with postal CDS without date, sent express with add Java definivie republic Indonesia Stamp 40 sen ,from Madioen to modjokerto

 

 

 

25th of February 1947

 The final round-table conference was convened on 25th of February 1947 on Makassar.

President Truman had set out a series of “cardinal elements of US policy” for UNCGO representatives to assure in upcoming negotiations. T

hese centred on civil rights, the protection of private property and foreign access to the Indonesian economy.

 Beyond these the US representatives in the meeting were to facilitate the negotiations and suggest solutions, but not engage with the detail of the settlement.

After a weekend of negotiations the future status of the new state was agreed upon, and once matters of debts assumed by the new state from former NEI and Dutch governments and the status of West Irian were left out to ensure that overall settlement could be achieved within the designated timescale for the conference.

Feb.28th.1947

 

General soedirman in February 28th 1947

The Repoeblic Indonesia Income tax(Pajak Penghasilan negeri) of Padang Panjang west sumatra.3.March 1947,still used the Dai Nippon sumatra form (T)

 

 

 

Sultan Gamid of Pontianak Sultanate  at Pontianank west borneo in February,28th.1947

 

MARCH 1947

the picture of Djakarta repoeblik Indonesia post office Pasar baroe(now Filately museum and  PFI

 

club office) chief Mr.Abdulrachma

March,1st,1947

the original letter from Tentara Reublik Indonesia with the official stamped TRI-Republic Indonesia Army  the chief Military police at Pajakoemboeh and with the extreme rare TRI official cover send by courier  (very rare document)

 

 

March,2rd,1947

(a)the very rare Postally used Dai Nippon karbouw postal sationer added  6 x Sumatra revolution definitif stamp 15 sewn and 2x 5 sen, postally used cover from Painan cds Painan 2.3.47 to Padang.( very difficult to find this common mint stamp used on cover,not many used-Dr Iwan note)

(b)March,2nd.1947

Tanjungjabung Kuala Tungkal Jambi  republic Independence fighting

 

JAMBI AND FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

A. Entering the waters of the Dutch Navy Kuala Tungkal

In Teak Linggar Agreement signed by the government of Indonesia and the Dutch government on March 2, 1947, the Dutch government expressed its recognition of the sovereignty of the government of Indonesia on the island of Java, Madura and Sumatra.

 

 

However, according to reports received, the Dutch navy frequent patrolling in the territorial waters of Kuala Tungkal (Regency Tanjung Jabung) and catch the ships passing in these waters. This means a violation of the Agreement Linggar teak. Therefore, it is in early April 1947 the Young Lieutenant Sub Ardjai of the Military Police Detachment Muara Sabak with Sergeant Major and Inspector of Police Marpi Laisa came Angkata Sea ships operating in the vicinity of Kuala Tungkal, Amsih village  marine waters is an area of ​​RI. Dutch navy on the ship were warned that they had entered the waters of Indonesia and asked to immediately leave the waters. Dutch Navy leaders stated that they were in international waters and directly hold Ardjai Lieutenant Young and his entourage on charges that threaten the security patrol extrimis Dutch navy. The accusation was denied by Lieutenant Young Ardjai by stating that they are the Army Official RI (TRI), as the evidence suggested that they were wearing military uniforms complete with rank and sign of unity Warrant Street. Rebuttal was ignored by the Dutch Navy and Lieutenant Young Ardjai with his friends remained in detention.

 

 

some moments later, came the residency Jambi Police Chief Police Commissioner Zainal Abidin with some staff of Police Inspector Adjunct Asmara Siagian, Sutarjo Police Commander, Police Agencies and mahyudi Diah Arifin Maelan Syahbandar Kuala Tungkal and Long Jakfar members of paramilitary troops escorted by a troop commander with heavily armed military led by Lieutenant Young M. Idris Saman Detachment Commander Sub PT Muara Sabak. In these forces helped Young Lieutenant and Lieutenant Young Nungcik Alcaff Jana’ib Ilyas.

 

 

 

 

To the head of the Dutch Navy who are in the ship,

 

the Chief of Police KeresidenanJambi protest and memperingatkan Dutch navy having entered the waters of Indonesia and the Dutch navy said the problem was to be discussed later with the head of the Royal Netherlands Army in Palembang. Police Chief Residency Ternnya jambi with his friends brought to Palembang as a prisoner on charges of provoking the Dutch warship.

In Palembang, all the prisoners brought to court and with the help of the Governor of South Sumatera Dr. Young. M. Isa all the captives were eventually in acquittal. At the time of journey from prisoner to the courtroom always get a warm welcome from the people of Palembang in the road moved at a show of hands as sympathetic to their cause.

MARCH,3rd.1947

THE RARE SMALL GREY COLOUR IREPOEBLIC iNDONESIA iNDEPENDENCE ANNIVERSARY POSTAL STATIONER 10 SEND WITH DJKARTA cds WITHOUT DATE LEGALIZED,SEND FROM DJAKARTA CDS 5.3.47 TO INDRAMAJOE WITH SENCORED CHOPPED TELAH DI TILIK IN SQUARED BOX.

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,4th.1947

The registered homemade cover from priaman cds 4.3.47 to kayoetanam cds 8.3.47 with 10 x Dai Nippon Yubin ovpt DEI port 40 cent type 871 violet (rate Rp.4,-) ,with brown black register pariaman label. this DN stamps still used without republic overprint.(the latest used DN stamp at  republican area)

 

 

 

 

March,5th.47

(a)The postally used card send from Kediri, with 2×1 cent ned.Indie karbouw  and repoblic 15 sen definitif java soerabaya anniversary nopember 1945 stamps.

 

 

 

 

 

(b) The Revenue of repoeblik Indonesia -.50 fifty sen used on PTT document”surat pengangkatan pegawai”

 

 

 

 

(c)the Netherland Indie official institute “menyita Muatan” Isbransten ‘s Ship”Martin Behrmann”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,6th.1947

the rare money order recu(tanda pengiriman weselpos ) CDS repoeb lik indonesia Padang 6.3.47)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March,7th.1947

the latest used of repoeblic Indonesia Reveneue -,15 (fifteen cent) at  Jakarta.

 

7th of March 1947

The transfer of sovereignty finally took place on 7th of March 1947, with the newly formed Federation of the United States of Indonesia being granted immediate recognition by USA, Britain, Australia and other members of the United Nations

Comment

So Indonesia is basically free and sound! How will this effect the other dutch colonies – Suriname and the Dutch Caribic Islands? Well I think the Dutch will be able to hold on to them – Suriname will eventually get its independence or something of that direction.

More importantly the implication of the weakness of colonial powers will stirr up trouble in countries, whose homeland are under Nazi rule.

Dear Karelian,

I’m now following your thread since more than a year and I want to congratulate you on your good work.

Your detailled history-book-style is awesome.

I hope you will continue your work soon, maybe you could write a chapter about the further development in New Europe, after you have finished the chapter about (south) east asia.

Keep up the good work!

Heilfroh

Source paradox interactive by Karelian,sorry not rarehan (2012)

Thanks for your comments, it´s always a pleasure to have a former lurker come forward and comment.

I´ve been relatively busy with real life and other projects, but I´ve also read a few interesting new books about postwar Southeast Asia in the meantime. So worry not, there is a new update in the works

 

March,10th,1947

 

 

The Padang Postman Mr Soewil have made CTO Padang rep.Indonesia  cds on overprint Rep:Ind: on Dai nippon sumatra definitve stamps at the back of Rep.Indonesia 15 sen overprin dai nippon postal staioner karbouw 31/2 cent.(this one of a mr soewil only collections during repoebli Indonesia Postal history 1945-1948,courtecy dr Iwan,found at his house after many year  apssed away by his wife and son,then bought by Dr Iwan in 1980 for te first payment their new house because the old house must bring back to the owner,all the collection keep on the roof)

March,12th.1947

The earliest date used of Repoeblik Indonesia sumatra Revenue f1,-

 

March,13th.1947

The extreme rare only one ever exist, the padang postman Soewil private note the date of found reoblik Indonesia sumatra stamps with circulaire date stamped  CDS Padang rep>indonesia 13.3.47 on complete document, the indepnednce fund tsamps  40 sen brown,15 sen dark blue and 5 sen light blue, with independence fund -blank type 40 sen brown,15 sen dark blu and 5 sen light blue,this  collection sold to dr Iwan in 1982 and still in his collections.

March,15th.47

Mr Supangkat,the secretari of Jakarta City , became the resident of Bogor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ourang Medan

 

The story of the Ourang Medan begins in 1947,

Source

http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-ghost-ships.php

when two American ships received a distress call while navigating the Strait of Malacca, off the coast of Malaysia.

The caller identified himself as a member of the crew of the Ourang Medan, a Dutch vessel, and supposedly claimed that the ship’s captain and crew were all dead or dying.

The messages became jumbled and bizarre before trailing off and ending with the words: “I die.” The ships quickly raced to the scene to help.

When they arrived, they found that the Ourang Medan was undamaged, but that the entire crew—even the ship’s dog— was dead, their bodies and faces locked in terrified poses and expressions, and many pointing at something that was not there. 

Before the rescuers could investigate further, the ship mysteriously caught on fire, and they had to evacuate. Soon after, the Ourang Medan is said to have exploded and then sank. While the details and the overall veracity of the Ourang Medan story are still widely debated, there have been a number of theories proposed about what might have caused the death of the crew.

The most popular of these is that the ship was illegally transporting nitroglycerin or some kind of illegal nerve agent, which was not properly secured and seeped out into the air. Others, meanwhile, have claimed the ship was a victim of a UFO attack or some other kind of paranormal event

March,17th.1947

 

Netherlands Soldier’s Free Mail 17.3. 1947 Veldpost-Semarang to Blaricum, Netherlands. Some edge wear. EUROPEAN SIZE (Inv NN470317

March ,19th,1947

The certificate of redemption of a damaged motor tooling to Mr. Rahman Tanjung Morawa with good tools and the cost pairs (bill not yet paid) by the fighting battalions of the division’s chief financial officer Elephant Tentra Indonesian republic (kept by Mr. Rahman because of unpaid until after 1950 and was found in field 1985-notes Dr. Iwan)

original document:

 

 

Close up

 

Surat keterangan penukaran perkakas motor  yang rusak kepada bapak rahman tanjung morawa dengan perkakas yang baik serta ongkos pasang(bon belum dibayar) oleh  pejabat keuangan batalion pertempuran divisi Gajah Tentra repoeblik Indonesia(disimpan oleh bapak Rahman karena belum dibayar sampai sesudah tahun 1950 dan dietmukan di medan tahun 1985-catatan Dr Iwan)

 

 

 

March,20th.1947

 

Dutch KBIl at the front of Chinese gate semarang in marxh 20th 1947


Semarang March 20th, 1947 at the Chinese Gate From Left to Right Corp. Jaarsma, Sgt. Klijbergen, Sgt. Maj. Verbrugge(center back), Rohn de Kloe and Cpl. Kerssens.

 

 

 

 

March ,23th,1947

 

 

 

The lingarjati Meeting at Lingarjati west Java

March 25,1947

(a)the rare Repoblik Indonesia java definitive stamps postally used cover send from CDS Semarang 25.5.47 to ALRI Bangkalan  with ALRI  and Tentara(army) sencored.

 

(b)Netherlands government finally ratifies Linggajati agreement at the General Comision office at Rijswijk(now Istana Merdeka)

 

 

THE LINGARDJATI MEETING DELEGATION AT LINGARDJATI March 23th 1947

 

(c) In this day ,time 5.40 PM at Genral comision Djakarta   , the Linggarjati Agreement were sign by the member of Republik Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegeation member. Prime menister said:” stiil our heros  vs the Dutch’s son  with their gun and the murdered wapon , the look each other as the”ancaman”(threads)  that must be off(dilenyapkan)  as the enemy  which must be killed(dibunih), To found the loving seed(benih cinta)  one tother,not teh common work(bukan pekerjaan gampang), but must  with”ketelatenan”, patient(kesabaran) from the elader which guidence(menuntun)  the people to the “arah”direction of  pure love (cinta murni) as the part of human right  adn will be the based of Undang Undang Dasar Repoeblik Indonesia.

Against this background, several compromises were worked out known as the Linggajati Agreements (ratified 25 March 1947).

 In essence, the Dutch recognised Republican control on Java, Madura, and Sumatra, while creating puppet states in the rest of the East Indies with a view to subordinating the Republic within a Netherlands-Indonesia Union.

(c)Surat hitang pinjaman baterry  dan perbaikan kendaraan dari Komando tempur medan area (hutang ini tak pernah dilunaasi,tetap jadi bon,ditemukan Dr iwan di medan tahun 1986)

surat hutang ini ditulis dibelakang formulir surat keterangan Jalan resimen lasjkar Rakjat(PEOPLE LASJKAR ’S REGIMENT )  ”MEDAN AREA” LOOK ILLUSTRATION BELOW

 

 

Other unpaid billing from TNI Gajah and Mean Area Command setch belonging from the same “Bengkel Mobil Pak rahman Tanjong morawa,found at medan by Dr Iwan in 1985″

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOKUMEN ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF lAYSKAR RAKYAT KOMANDO TEMPUR MEDAN AREA:

Conflicts DIKALANGANPEJUANG ARISING NOT AND NOT EXPECTED TO CONTINUE WITHOUT THERE WILL BE THAT REFLECT THE COMPLETION OF INTEGRITY COMMAND AREA AROUND THE FRONT FIELD.

Leaders fight back streets soon realized haryus compromise for the continuation of the struggle which can not be done alone. An irregular command will not be possible to bring victory.

In this case the Government and the command of Army of the Republic of Indonesia agrees to form a paramilitary unit Komado komado to unite people in Medan area, menginggat had enough strength that the People’s paramilitary troops surrounded the city medan.

Diperkirakan keeeeeekuatan paramilitary troops already there are people not yet included one regiment-battalion Battalion Tentra Republic Indonesia (Army Pemerntah). tealh As previously described the cause is competition diklaangan parties including the ranks of struggle is a matter of supplies and perbelanjaaan, ka after the formation of a regular regiment of course bring consequences to perbekalan problem also (Caatan Dr. Iwan, ternyat command field area formed create a letter that was never paid huatng-these facts, see the bill that kept the original owner and later found in Medan, maybe the owner has died and the family does not mngerti historical value the debt bill.)

So for that purpose, all supplies were borne by the board of Defense of East Sumatra, located in High Cliff. Untu memimpoin Kasykar People commando regiment was entrusted to Captain Commando NIP Xarim.Untuk meudahkan voering hereinafter Medan front dining area is divided into four sectors: Western Sector held by Kaptem ABd.Hamid, East sector held Yacub Lubis, sectorutara olh Barani Xelatan Pohan and sector by Ibrahim Yahya (Yahya Aceh) Pasuka special Andalas Pesindo north by Aladdin Sitompul. Another found an empty form of Refinery Army, Bat.III.Res.I Dipisi Gadjah II Soematera Kaban Ginger (in the back letter hutangdevisi Elephant II).

April 1947

Pada 12 April 1947, Presiden Soekarno membentuk Panitia Pemikir Siasat Ekonomi pimpinan Muhammad Hatta. Anggota panitia pemikir berjumlah 98 orang. Sumitro bertugas memikirkan hal-ihwal keuangan dipimpin Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara.

Usianya masih sangat muda (33) ketika Sumitro diangkat jadi Menteri Perdagangan dan Perindustrian, sekitar Mei 1950. Pada 20 Maret 1951 Kabinet Natsir roboh.

(sumitro)
 

June 1947

Saya masih ingat sosok perwira-perwira TNI ketika itu. Djamin Gintings orangnya kurus tinggi semampai, selalu pakai peci tentara.

 

Setelah Kutacane dibombardir dua pesawat pemburu Belanda, esok paginya saya ikut kakek mengungsi ke sebuah desa sekitar 12 km dari kota. Setiap pagi saya dan kakek ke kota dari desa pengungsian itu untuk berjualan di pasar.

 Kami melewati Macan Kumbang, sebuah perkebunan karet yang dibangun semasa Jepang. Ternyata beberapa minggu sebelum penyerangan pesawat Belanda itu, Macan Kumbang, telah menjadi markas pertahanan Let.Kol. Djamin Gintings, Komandan Resimen IV TNI pindahan dari tanah Karo.

Di kota orang bercerita bahwa markas pertahanan RI itu hijrah dari Tanah Karo ke Tanah Alas, sesuai kesepakatan Renville. Tanah Karo dianggap sudah menjadi wilayah Belanda dan Negera Sumatra Timur (NST).

 Karena itu kedudukan Kutacane menjadi penting. Kini Tanah Alas menjadi garis pertahanan RI terdepan menghadapi Belanda.

 

Kota kecil itu bertambah ramai, banyak tentera dan pengungsi dari Tanah Karo dan Dairi. Mereka sibuk mendirikan rumah-rumah darurat dan barak-barak pengungsi.

 

Di pinggir sungai (Lawe) Alas dan Lawe Bulan yang mengapit Kutacane, penuh berjejer Barak pengungsi. Sampai-sampai di halaman rumah Raja Alas (Polonas), didirikan rumah-rumah bambu yang beratap rumbia.

 

Malam hari, jalan satu-satunya yang membelah kota hingar bingar, motor truk tentera hilir mudik, ada yang membawa pengungsi, pasukan tentera dan korban yang luka tembak, sebahagian besar dari pertempuran di sekitar Mardinding (Desa Perbatasan antara Tanah Karo dan Tanah Alas yang menjadi markas pertahanan Belanda).

Kami melihat Djamin Gintings hanya dari kejauhan, waktu apel bendera pagi di markas Macan Kumbang, ketika kami melintasi markas itu. Atau waktu menghadiri perayaan nasional dan rapat umum di Lapangan Bola Kutacane.

Saya masih ingat sosok perwira-perwira TNI ketika itu. Djamin Gintings orangnya kurus tinggi semampai, selalu pakai peci tentara, sedang Kol. Muhammad Din (staf Gubernur Militer Aceh dan Tanah Karo dari Kutaraja).

Beliau selalu berpakaian tentera Jepang lengkap dengan samurainya. Kami sangat mengagumi mereka dan selalu bergaya seperti komandan-komandan TNI waktu itu.

Demikianlah rona kehidupan Kutacane, kota kecil di front perbatasan pertahanan RI dan Belanda (1947), sibuk dengan hilir mudik tentera dan pengungsi. Kami siap-siap melompat ke lobang pertahanan yang disiapkan dibelakang sekolah, ketika serine dan pesawat pemburu Belanda datang memuntahkan peluru. Keadaan kota kecil yang sesak itu mulai berobah ketika penyerahan kedaulatan (1950).

Seminar Brastagi

Waktu surat permohonan anak tertua Djamin Gintings, Riemenda Jamin Gintings SH,MH (lahir di Kutacane) dan adiknya Dra Riahna Jamin Gintings, M.Sc datang–agar saya memberi makalah dalam seminar Djamin Gintings di Berastagi–untuk mengusulkan beliau sebagai Pahlawan Nasional, saya sambut dengan baik. Di benak saya terbuhul sesuatu yang terus menggema dari pengalaman semasa remaja di Kutacane dan keberhasilan Djamin Gintings memepertahankan garis batas pertahanan Indonesia-Belanda di Tanah Alas dengan melakukan perang gerilya di Tanah Karo.

Sesuatu yang kemudian makin jelas di benak saya, sesudah saya melakukan studi dari berbagai buku dan catatan historis auto biografi kedua bukunya: ”Titi Bambu” dan ”Bukit Kadir,” serta dua buku standar lainnya seperti ”Kadet Brastagi” (1981) dan ”Jendral Soedirman” (Pribadi, 2009), saya mulai berpikir bahwa Djamin Gintings bukan sembarang hero atau pahlawan perang kemerdekaan. Tetapi beliau telah menyelamatkan daerah modal republik, satu-satunya di luar pulau Jawa.

Perintah Mundur

Atas perintah Kol. Hidayat Komandan Divisi X, yang berkedudukan di Kutaradja, Djamin Gintings diperintahkan mundur ke Tanah Alas Kutacane. Perintah ini merupakan kesepakatan RI dan Belanda yang dituangkan dalam perjanjian Renville (1947).

Dalam perjanjian itu semua wilayah Tanah Karo dianggap merupakan daerah pendudukan Belanda, sehingga semua pasukan TNI harus disingkirkan dari daerah itu. Djamin Gintings harus mengosongkan seluruh wilayah Tanah Karo, walaupun sebagian besar wilayah itu, secara de facto masih berada dalam kekuasaan republik, yaitu daerah antara Lisang dan Lau Pakam.

Dengan perasaan perih dan pilu Djamin Gintings dan pasukannya melaksanakan keputusn itu. Semua pasukan Resimen IV mundur ke Tanah Alas dan pasukan Belanda dengan leluasa memasuki daerah-daerah yang dikosongkan itu.

Jendral Soedirman selaku Panglima Besar TNI, waktu itu turut merasakan betapa keputusan Renville itu melukai hati para prajuritnya. Sebab itu melalui radio, beliau menyampaikan amanatnya, ”Anak-anakku anggota Angkatan Perang, tiap-tiap perjuangan mempunyai pasang surutnya, tetapi dengan iman kita tetap teguh dan jiwa yang tetap besar, kita masih tetap sanggup untuk mengatasi percobaan ini dan percobaan-percobaan lainnya yang mungkin akan menyusul lagi.”

Amanat Panglima Besar Jendral Soedirman yang ditutup dengan perintah agar TNI tetap bertanggungjawab terhadap jiwa dan harta rakyat–ternyata mampu menghibur kekecewaan para prajurit TNI–termasuk Djamin Gintings dan pasukannya. Dengan penuh semangat keprajuritan pasukan Resimen IV meninggalkan kantong-kantong gerilya dan markas pertahanannya untuk berhijrah ke Kutacane (Tanah Alas).

Dalam sejarah perang kemerdekaan, hijrah pasukan-pasukan TNI tidak hanya di Tanah Karo tetapi juga di Jawa Barat. Pasukan Siliwangi umpamanya harus hijrah meninggalkan Jawa Barat ke Jawa Timur (yang dikenal dengan istilah the long march dalam film Darah dan Doa, 1952). Luas wilayah republik sesudah perjanjian Renville yang dianggap sebagai ”daerah modal” semakin mengecil dan secara ekonomi dan politis semakin terpojok (Hardiyono 2000).

Di Jawa hanya meliputi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Kediri, Kedu, Madiun, sebagian Keresidenan Semarang, Pekalongan, Tegal, dan bahagian Selatan Banyumas (Pribadi 2009). Sedang di luar Pulau Jawa hanya tinggal Provinsi Aceh. Mungkin waktu itu tidak semua perajurit TNI yang yang hijrah ke Kutacane, menyadari betapa pentingnya Daerah Modal Aceh untuk dipertahankan, terutama apabila dilihat dari strategi geopolitik nasional dan internasional.

Oleh : USMAN PELLY

27 Juli 1947

Mobilisasi Sabil.
Syech Abbas Abdullah : Pimpinan Darul Funun El Abbasiyah, “Puncak Bakuang” Padang Japang selaku Ulama yang terkemuka di Sumatera Barat telah mengeluarkan Fatwa dalam suatu konperensi ulama Sumatera di Bukittinggi, bahwa; perang melawan Penjajah adalah Jihad Fi Sabilillah dan bila mati akan mati dalam keadaan Syahid. Menurut keterangan Ismail Hasan dalam suatu wawancara dengan penulis salah satu keputusan konsperensi menetapkan; Syech Abbas Abdullah sebagai Imam Jihad. ( 2008/video/ dirumah orang tua Anwar ZA )
“Gerakan Mobilisasi Sabil ini sebelum Perang Kemerdekaan kedua telah dicetuskan oleh para alim ulama dalam suatu Konpoerensi alim ulama dan mubaligh Islam di Sumatera Barat yang berlangsung di Bukittinggi pada tanggal 27 Juli 1947 pada saat bangsa Indonesia sedang menghadapi agresi militer Belanda yang pertama. Dalam pertemuan itu telah diputuskan untuk mengerahkan perang sabil terhadap tentara Balanda dengan mengobarkan semangat jihad serta memperhebat rasa pengorbanan arakyat untuk kepentingan perjuangan”. .

Resimen Sabilillah Kab. Lima Puluh Kota termasuk Bangkinang: Komandan : Mayor Sjamsawi, membawahi lima Bataliyon . .M.Hikmat Israr; HC Israr Kesederhanaan & Kepejuangan Aanak Payakumbuh;Budaya Media;2004; halaman 43
1. Kapten Nazarudin Saleh ( Payakumbuh – Akabiluru )
2. Kaapten Saharudin (Luhak dan Harau )
3. Kapten Adnan Z ( Kecamatan Guguak )
4. Kapten Bermawi Taher ( Suliki )
5. Kapten Umar ( Bangkinang dan sekitarnya )
Kapten Adnan Z , menempatkan Markas Bataliyon III di Pokan Noyan ( Pasar Senin ) Padang Japang simpang empat jalan , sekarang dijadikan Mushalla.Menetapkan Kepala Stafnya. Dani Zaidan.yang mengendalikan perjuangan kemerdekaan di wilayah Kecamatan Guguak . Adnan Z adalah orang tua / ayah kandung Adrizal Adnan ( Mantan Kandatel-Sumbar ), ia merekrut hampir seluruh pemuda di VII Koto yang sehat ikut menjadi anggota Sabilillah. Polisi Tentara yang bertindak menjaga disiplin anggota Sabilillah adalah: Letnan Baharudin Alwi, dan anggotanya , Abdul Muis, Abdul Gani, Ayun Inyiak, Yulius Martunus . Polisi ini juga nantinya yang bertindak sebagi pengawal tawan tentara Jepang dan Kamp Ampang Godang.

August 1947

Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, nama BIP diganti dengan
Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig). Anggota Mobrig direkrut dari mantan anggota BIP ditambah dari Polisi tugas umum dan laskar rakyat yang fisiknya mengijinkan.

Mobrig yang merupakan pasukan khusus itu , langsung dibawah kendali Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Sumatera Barat. Sejak Januari 1947 hingga tahun 1950, Komandan Mobrig Sumbar adalah Inspektur Polisi I Amir Machmud. Ketangguhan pasukan Mobrig ini dalam perang gerilya, terbukti selama Agresi Militer II Belanda.

Setelah Agresi Militer Belanda II berakhir, dibentuklah koordinator-koordinator Mobrig, termasuk di Sumbar yang terbagi 3 koordinator Mobrig yaitu :
a. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Bukittinggi.
b. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Solok.
c. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Padang Panjang.
Pada tahun 1951, nama Koordinator dirubah menjadi Kompi.


 

Alm. Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa (kiri) dan alm. Amir Machmud (merupakan adik ipar Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa)

 

 

 

Peranan Mobrig dalam Mempertahankan Kemerdekaan RI.

 

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

July 1947

  1. 1.      Pengkhianatan Perjanjian Linggarjati oleh Belanda.
    Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947 Agresi militer Belanda I

 

yang merupakan pengkhianatan Belanda atas perjanjian Linggarjati yang ditandatangani pada tanggal 15 November 1946, pasukan Belanda ingin menduduki kota-kota penting di RI.

Pada saat itu kebencian rakyat Indonesia terhadap Belanda memang semakin memuncak, apalagi melihat gelagat tentara Belanda yang berambisi besar sekali untuk kembali bercokol di bumi pertiwi. Maka pada tanggal 25 Juli 1947 dengan taktik perang gerilya Pasukan Mobrig yang bermarkas di Padang dibawah pimpinan Inspektur I Basri Bakar bergabung dengan Batalyon Kuranji Pimpinan Mayor Achmad Husein beserta kekuatan laskar rakyat memporak porandakan Konvoi Militer Belanda di Lubuk Paraku, dalam pertempuran itu ada juga tentara dan Mobrig kita yang terluka.

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

 

 

 

August 1947

August 1947

Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig)
Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947, nama BIP diganti dengan
Mobiele Brigade (Mobrig). Anggota Mobrig direkrut dari mantan anggota BIP ditambah dari Polisi tugas umum dan laskar rakyat yang fisiknya mengijinkan.

Mobrig yang merupakan pasukan khusus itu , langsung dibawah kendali Kepala Polisi Keresidenan Sumatera Barat. Sejak Januari 1947 hingga tahun 1950, Komandan Mobrig Sumbar adalah Inspektur Polisi I Amir Machmud. Ketangguhan pasukan Mobrig ini dalam perang gerilya, terbukti selama Agresi Militer II Belanda.

Setelah Agresi Militer Belanda II berakhir, dibentuklah koordinator-koordinator Mobrig, termasuk di Sumbar yang terbagi 3 koordinator Mobrig yaitu :
a. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Bukittinggi.
b. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Solok.
c. Koordinator Mobil Brigade Padang Panjang.
Pada tahun 1951, nama Koordinator dirubah menjadi Kompi.


 

Alm. Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa (kiri) dan alm. Amir Machmud (merupakan adik ipar Kaharuddin Dt. Rky Basa)

 

 

Peranan Mobrig dalam Mempertahankan Kemerdekaan RI.

 

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

LOGAM affair,

These events were related to feelings of dissatisfaction among the public preformance which is limited to those from northern Tapanuli, with accusations that the Government had tirikan their children, he said all officials are from Aceh, no one from North Tapanuli.

To menunnukkan dissatisfaction, they MADE  a demonstration, which nearly caused a shedding of BLOOD .Syyukur situations can be mastered.  SM.Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.tobing .However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing. However the situation remains critical that the Government felt to remain vigilant and find it necessary to issue an edict warning addressed to the people to split the incident so as not terjad9i, this edict was signed by Governor Young S. M. Amin, Muhammad T. Daudsyah Aceh Resident and Resident Tapanuli Dr FLTobing.

The leader of this affair led by Mr Logam, had arrested at Pematang Siantar Jail. nbut one day there was a demostration which consist of Battaks peoples in the front of gubervernour  sumatera Office which guarded by  the official and Police which came from aceh.the demontrations sent their “Utusan” to meet with Gouvenour Sumatra,which located at the second floor, after their tals about what their wanted, as fast as built one small”panitia”  to accepted the demonstration envoy, the small panitia consist Gubernur Muda Sumatera Utara (SM Amin),Mr Abdul Abbas(staff Gouvernur Sumatra), and zmr Laut siregar(Staf Gubernur sumatra), the small Panitia meet the Demontran utusan, the demostran asking Mr Logam free from jail arrested.Gubevernour sumatera asking Let.Colonel Bachtiar, the chief of Militer Police Detasme at Pematang siantart whic he arrested Mr Logam, after get the information from Let.Col. Bachtiar, Gouvernour Sumatra release from jail arrested.

MARSUSE Affair

The second challenge faced was from the “Lasjkar Marsuse” pane under the leadership of the East. Lasjkar Marsuse This is a combination of several lasjkar a united and demanded an official recognition by the Government as well as a number of funds each month pernelanjaan Rp.120.000.000, -, a jumalh no small sehingga demand was rejected, consequently Pane East with several bodyguards then came to the young governor sumatra north and try to earn money by persuasion-persuasion. This persuasion did not work either, so get out the threat with the words = words: “WHEN VICE PRESIDENT ARRIVES IN LATER Siantar” (vice president is being awaited his arrival from the United Kingdom) “I will do my get it from him and WHERE NOT SUCCEED, THEN AN OCCUR FLOOD BLOOD “. But what happens is a bloodbath as a result of invasion of the Netherlands towards the republic, invasion, known as “Politioneel Actie”.

ORINGINAL INFO:

 

 

Komandemen memutuskan membentuk komando baru, yang dipimpin oleh Letkol Sucipto. Serah terima komando dilakukan pada

tanggal 24 Januari 1947

di Tanjung Morawa.

 

 Sejak itu pasukan-pasukan TRI memasuki Front Medan Area, termasuk bantuan dari Aceh yang bergabung dalam Resimen Istimewa Medan Area.

Dalam waktu 3 minggu Komando Medan Area (KMA) mengadakan konsolidasi, disusun rencana serangan baru terhadap kota Medan. Kekuatannya sekitar 5 batalyon dengan pembagian sasaran yang tepat. Hari “H” ditentukan

15 Februari 1947

dan jam “j” adalah pukul 06.00. Sayang karena kesalahan komunikasi serangan ini tidak dilakukan secara serentak, tapi walaupun demikian serangan umum ini berhasil membuat Belanda kalang kabut sepanjang malam.

 

Karena tidak memiliki senjata berat, jalannya pertempuran tidak berobah. menjelang subuh pasukan kita mundur ke Mariendal. Serangan umum 15 Februari 1947 ini adalah serangan besar terakhir yang dilancarkan oleh pejoang-pejoang di Medan Area.

 

Sampai menjelang Agresi Militer ke I Belanda, yang mana pasukan RI di Medan Area berjumlah yang riel sebesar 7 batalyon dan tetap pada kedudukan semula yang membagi Front Medan Area atas beberapa sektor, ialah Medan timur, Medan selatan, Medan barat dan Medan utara. Dan begitu pula membagi Medan atas 4 sektor yang sama, dan dengan demikian mereka langsung berhadapan dengan pasukan kita.Pada saat terjadi Agresi Militer Belanda ke I, Belanda melancarkan serangannya terhadap pasukan RI ke semua sektor.

 

Perlawanan terhadap Belanda hampir 1 minggu, dan setelah itu pasukan-pasukan RI mengundurkan diri dari Medan Area.
Kesimpulan:Pertempuran di Medan Area merupakan perlawanan yang paling sengit dan panjang di Sumatera Timur, yang berlangsung hampir 2 tahun.

 

Dalam peristiwa ini ialah motivasi rakyat dan Pemuda Pejuang yang tidak mau dijajah dengan disertai sikap ulet dan pantang menyerah.

 

 Tapi walaupun demikian bagaimana pun kuatnya motivasi, tanpa dilandasi kerjasama dan koordinasi yang baik, maka setiap kegiatan dapat mengalami kegagalan. Sejarah telah membuktikan betapa pahitnya keadaan ini.

(Penulis adalah pejoang ’45 dan mantan tawanan)

 

(d) Naskah Lingarjati agreement

 

 

March,25th.1947

When finally the Linggajati Agreement was signed

on March 25, 1947

 

 by Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir representing the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and Governor General H.J Van Mook representing the Dutch Government, we could acknowledge that this was the first time Indonesia have formal recognition for its sovereignty. Even this agreement did not cover all Indonesian regions, but by recognizing Java, Sumatra and Madura, Dutch has lost her main basis in the former East India. While conceding the other part of Indonesia was only a matter of time.

 

Ini kalo ga salah menteri2 di kabinet syahrir

stasiun surabaya gubeng 1947 ketika tentara Belanda berhasil menguasai surabaya (yang jadi sampul buku terkenal di eropa karya jan debruin)

rombongan kendarann amphibi marinir belanda dipindahkan menggunakan kereta api dari probolinggo ke surabaya 1947

 

March,27th.1947

the extreme rare,only one exist in the world, the Repoblic Indonesia overprint Dai Nippon revenue F 5,-(new roepiah) and old f.75,- for legalized the document”Soerat talak”Islamic Divorce ”by the chief of repoblic poostoffice boekittinggi official stamped.and the other rare F 2.50 revenue (not clear document)

 

 

 

my sister

After recieved this letter, drop first talak from brother to sister and who hear this will the witness …etc(islamic divorce or talak)

original document in Indonesia

 

Adinda

seterima surat ini maka jatuh talak kakanda kepada adinda  dan siapa yang mendengar itulah yang menjadi saksi  dan seterusnya.(hand written with pencil)

March,29th.1947

The State Contrubutie tax(Ijoeran negara),paid at Padang Panjang post office CDS 20,4.47.

March,30th.1947

The NICA USAprinting postalstationer landscape 3 1/2 cent send from Djakarta  to semarang.

 

 

March,31th.1947

Sumatra, Pematang Siantar 1947 Regional Issue

  P-S353 – 10 Rupiah, 31 Mar 1947
Front: Soekarno at left,
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera
Back: Denomination on left and right, text at center
Size: 147 x 77 mm
  P-S354 – 100 Rupiah, 31 Mar 1947
Front: Soekarno at left,
Repulik Indonesia, Propinsi Sumatera, (Republic of Indonesia, Province of Sumatera
Back: Denomination on left and right, text at center
Size: 153 x 81 mm

 

 

 

 

April 1947

April,2nd.1947

240 people from America arrived at Tanjong Priok and went to the inner place(meneruskan perjalanan kedaerah pedalaman)

April,8th.1947

 

Bank Indonesia Palembang tjabang (branch) tjoeroep cover  with handwritten port Rp 1,50 have paid Tj “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, CDS Tjoeroep 8-4-47 to  Palembang,

 

 

April,5th.1947

The Malang Post magazine no 11 info

 

(a) cover

 

 

(b)Penjara di Zaman Repoeblik

Pada hari sabtu,22 maret 1947 setelah minta izin dari tuan R.P. Bahroedin, pemimpin Pejara Daderah Malang, wartawan kitanbersama fotograaf Malang POst melangkah pintu yang meisahkan ribuan orang hukuman dari dunia luar.Kepala keamanan penjara tuan soentro menyambut kita dengan ramah-tamah.

 

 Kesan pertama yang kita dapat dari dalam penjara adalah suasana tenang dan tentram serta merasa seperti masuk dlam satu pusat  pemberi pekerjaaan yang walaupun ada sedikit primitif(sederhana) tapi cukup berguan untuk orang yang dipenjarakan,

 Kemudian kita melihat rumah sakit yang diatur begitu resik,hingga tidak perlu malu dengan rumah sakit biasa, tetapi persediaan obatnya masih kurang. Seblum seorang hukuman baru dapat dicampurkan dengan orang hubuman lain, mereka dimasukkan dalm blok orang baru atau karantina seperti  pulau Onrust, orang baru ditilik kesehatannya oleh dokter penjara Dr Drajat, apabila kesehatannya tidak membahhayakan barulah orang baru itu dicampurkan dengan orang hukuman lain, dalam ruamh sakit diberikan perawatan baik malah ada yang diberei minum susu sehingga mereka merasa kerasan disnan.

 Dari rumah sakit kita mnuju ke bermacam pekerjaaaan , seperti tempat memintal,menenum,mengayam tikar,bengkel besi,pembikinan barang dari kulit. Yang tidak bekerja disini,bekerja  cocok tanam. buah-buahan dan sayuran.kita melihat kelas buta huruf ,dimana kebetulan gurunya sedang mengajar sejumlah anak umur 16 tahun kebawah.

 Orang dewasa juga diajar surat menyurat. Akhirnya kita sampai kedapur, bagan penting karewna masyarakat sudah memasrahkan orang yang berdosa sehingga mereka jangan kekurangan makan dn menderita busung lapar, mereka dihukum perbuatannya dan tidak boleh menghukum jiwanya, 

Selain itu juga kita melihat penjara wanita,mereka juga  dapat bantal empuk dan pakaian perempuan penjara,sarung dan bajukurung biru yang s Semua serba baik,mereka tidak tidur diatas beton tetapi diatas ranjang dan sifat pe njara seperti rumah sekolah. (Perlu dibaca oleh pemimpin penjara masa kini untuk dijadikan contoh)

 

 

 

 

 

 

April.8th.1947

 

Palembang emergency stamp

 

NRI f 0,50 Left unperforated block four

 

Envelop met aantekening “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, Tjoeroep 8-4-47 naar Palembang, pracht ex.

 

 

 

Official freestamp stamplesss  fPostally used cover from tjoeroep 8.4.47 to Palembang

 

April.17th.1947

 

The  CTO cover from Medan CTo over rate cover during Japanese Occupation and Indonesian Independence revolution, Mr Gho kong Liang from padang ever told to me and I have contact My Phoa at Hongkong, I still have his letter,he did not trade philately anymore,he trade Paper money-Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April,17th.1947

 

 

 

Postally used free potr republic homemade cover CDs lheusomawe 17.4.47 to Bireun (provenance dr Iwan suwandy 1985)

April,17th-47

 

Bon pinjaman uang untuk pembelian busi mobil harga F.300 dari Wakil Kepala  Djabatan perhubungan komado Medan are (Markas Pertempoeran Komando Medan Area ) di Tanjungmorawa(rare original leasing bonds )

April 24 th.1947

Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java

 

Fera Gunawan

Comment by Henriko simatupang(FB)

Henriko Mei Erikson Simatupang

menurut beberapa senior, sampul2 yg berkategori philatelic used (not real used) spt ini memang tdk bisa diikutkan dlm kompetisi…tetapi terkadang justru di sampul2 spt ini bisa diperoleh fakta keberadaan beberapa item tertentu yg justru tdk/belum muncul di katalog atau di pasaran. jadi ini bisa dibuat bahan riset filateli. selain itu jika sampul2 tsb msh lengkap dgn resi registernya, bisa diperkirakan kapan kira2 prangko tsb di release. kenapa dikira2 ?

karena surat edaran pos ttg penerbitan benda filateli pada zaman revolusi sulit diperoleh. kalau bpk lihat di ZWP itu diistilahkan dgn vbd & lbd..

.kalau istilah pak Agus Wibawanto cap ini adalah cbf (cancelled by favour)(still in reaseach the originality of the CDS)

Read more comment from Indonesian Phillatelist

Sangadji Stamp

Sy turut setuju dengan pendapat Mbak Fitriyeni Suharto, pada saat tahun-tahun itu 1945-1947 rasanya “belum ada” negatif thinking to mencari keuntungan sendiri melalui sampul, perangko dan cap pos, Namun ada baiknya juga perlu mempelajari maksud-maksud dari si pembuat tsb?

(Dr Iwan note, during that time there one postal history CTO gang from Medan Sajoer St Maharadja, Padang Gho kong Liang, and Surabaya Phoa Lim Kway, they made many CTO covers, but now we found new CTO covers like this took Jong Koe Medan which never seen before 1990)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other same controversial Medan CTO Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All cover CTO by the same person with address Medan stamp co,Toko  Jongkie, date 14/4,12/4/.22/3 1947 all in April 1947 and the last two cover without address,

I have found at Pajak hongkong Medan in 1966 the unused stamps with different Medan rep Ind overprint  which same with the stamps on the above cover,I bought very cheapest only Rp.5.- each(about US 5 sen) but never seen the CTO cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

source

) S A M P U L M E D A N MASA REVOLUSI

SEBAGIAN CONTOH “SAMPUL MEDAN” YG MEMANCING KONTROVERSI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: http://oldstamp.blogspot.com/2012/10/s-m-p-u-l-m-e-d-n-masa-revolusi.html

Untuk jadi info pada tanggal dibawah ini tidak mungkin kantor pos NRI Medan dibuka

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

 pasukan Belanda menyerang kedudukan pasukan RI di Medan Barat dan Medan Utara.

April,28th.1947

The unpaid Bonds of The Battle ‘s command Medan Area Tanjongmorawa

 

 

April ,29th.1947

(a)The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Income Tax Paid at Padang Panjang West sumatra Postal office with CDS 29.7.1947

 

(b) The earliest used of ORI overprint repoblik Indonesia revenue  -.15 lima belas sen (fifteen cent) for buying bond(andeel) Menara Kudus(cigaret factory)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 1947

 

Fake membang muda  NRI papermoney

 

The original in 1948

 

 

 

Read more about nRI papermoney falsification

source

http://www.papermoney-indonesia.com/fakes-forgeries-and-falsifications/\

Published By admin On Sunday, October 23rd 2011. Under Indonesian paper money

 

Modern falsifications of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money

– By Rob Huisman –

One can devide forgeries of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money in 4 categories:

– Contemporary falsifications with the objective to circulate the forgeries for profit

– Contemporary falsifications, issued by rivaling parties to either disrupt the others economy and/or finance secret operations

– Low quality modern falsifications for sale to ignorant tourists and starting collectors, being either:

  • reproductions of existing notes
  • fantasy notes

– High quality modern falsifications for sale to the collectors community, being either:

  • reproductions of scarce notes
  • pretended newly discovered issued and proof notes

Although the first two categories are of interest to collectors, especially the last category is most annoying to the collecting community. Years ago, Netherlands Indies paper money was mainly collected by some Dutch collectors that included the overseas territories in their Netherlands paper money collection. More recently, also Indonesia became more aware of its past and the improved local economic situation allows more Indonesians to spend money on collecting. There is even a tendency where Netherlands-Indies and Indonesian paper money sells at higher prices in Indonesia than in Europe. In recent years, several Indonesian auction houses were founded that offer an impressive selection of much sought after paper money. For better quality and more scarce pieces the prices have risen significantly. Unfortunately as soon as these items become expensive, falsifications also start to surface. This collecting area is still in its early days and therefore it is likely that unknown issued or proof notes might be discovered. The relatively low average salary level combined with the skilled craftsmanship of the Indonesian people make paper money an easy target for falsifications. When an unknown Netherlands Indies or Indonesian note appears on the market it is therefore justified to be suspicious about its authenticity.

Below I have listed an overview of paper money that I have classified as “modern falsifications”. This list is not complete and newly identified forgeries will be added as they surface.

============================================================

In december 2007 I bought four notes from Tandjong Pandan, the main town of the Indonesian island Billiton.

 

 

 

 

Studying the notes carefully, the following observations can be made:

  • The notes carry no serial number identification which is unusual for notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • The notes do not have a specific date of issue, only the larger one has 1947 printed, but no day and month which is also unusual for  notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • One note mentions Cents (Dutch) as denomination; the other one mentions Rupiah (Indonesian). During the revolutionary period the new Republik Indonesia discouraged and prevented the use of any reference to the Dutch colonial period on its paper money.
  • The paper has several folds. Especially the larger note has a strong horizontal fold in the middle where the paper has been damaged. Looking with a magnifier,  the printing ink shows creep into the paper at the fold and also has no ink on locations immediately next to the fold; These are strong indications that the printing occurred on paper that already had the folds.
  • The large note carries the signature and name of M. Lukman Hakim who later became the governor of Bank Indonesia (1958-1959). It is known that he called himself Loekman Hakim since he followed the old spelling, just like Soekarno did.
  • The signature of Mr. Loekman Hakim does not resemble his signature that is printed on the ORI BARU notes of 1949.
  • The cutting perforation of the notes is not used on any other Indonesian note and has no clear functional reason.

==============================================================

During the past few years a number of  falsifications has entered the market, especially via internet sites like eBay. Although these notes seemed to be fake at a first glance, I did buy several  in order to study them in more detail. Because the number of fake Indonesian and Netherlands-Indies notes sold via eBay is irritating me, last night I send an e-mail to one specific eBay seller, pointing out to him that he was selling fake paper money and asking him to at least mention that in his description. He wrote me back asking me why this note was fake and if so, he would remove the note from eBay. Basically I spend my whole night looking at this note and wondering how to describe to him that this note is a fake. I realised that it is pretty dificult to describe why a note that looks like a fake is indeed a forgerie. During this exercise I also put some of my other presumed fake notes on the table and looked at them for a while. In total it is a collection of eight notes that I aquired during the past three years and that I put aside for studying at a later moment in time. It is a variety of notes:

 

 

100 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

 

 

500 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

The e-mail to the eBay seller concerned the sale of the above note of 100 Gulden. My e-mail reply was as follows:

“This is a note from a series that contains a 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. These are recent falsifications for sale to tourists visiting Sabang, which is a most attractive island, especially loved by scuba divers, located near the coast of Atjeh at the most western point of Indonesia. These notes are regularly offered on eBay for sale.

Looking at the revolutionary period in Indonesia between 1945 and 1949, the so called struggle for independence, there were parts of Indonesia where the Dutch were in charge and parts where the new Republican government was in charge. The status of Sabang during these years is not very clear.
However the Dutch did not issue any local money during this period, they only issued NICA money in some territories and re-introduced the old Javasche Bank money where NICA was short on supply. Later they issued new Javasche Bank money in several area’s.

The Indonesian government issued the ORI money on Java and later they issued ORIPS money on Sumatra. Because of logistical problems with the distribution of ORIPS money some local governmental institutions issued their own local money, like the Asahan province. The Republican money for the Atjeh area was printed in Bukkittinhi and was also called ORIPS money. There are no historical records of Sabang printing or issueing own money.
 
If the Dutch would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure be Dutch money, in Dutch language and on high quality paper. The notes mention the name VANDER P, which possibly refers to Van der Plas, one of the highest ranking officials in the Dutch Indies at that time. It is unlikely that he would have been the signatory of any local issued paper money. Also there is no logic to just mentioning part of his name. Most text on the notes is in Malay while the denomination is in Gulden. The spirit of those times was that the Dutch would have issued paper money using Dutch text, mentioning only the denomination in both Dutch and Malay, like all the other issues in that period.
 
If the Indonesian Republic would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure mention Rupiah as the denomination. There was a strong sense of nationalism within the Republican party and it is sure to assume that any reference to the Dutch colonial period would be prevented. All the local issues of the Republic Indonesia mention Rupiah’s during that period.
Furthermore the 100 and 500 gulden notes have the F. sign in front of the denomination which refers to the Florin, the old Netherlands word for Gulden. It is highly unlikely that the Indonesian Republic would all of a sudden start using this historic notation, that was last used on Dutch Java Bank banknotes in 1864, on a small and distant Indonesian Island.
 
Next, the notes have the Islam sign with star and crescent moon printed on the note which is not observed on any genuine Sumatra notes of that period. There are two notes listed in the Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia KUKI (HP-3 and HP-4) both issued by Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) at Cirebon, Java in 1949, unfortunately the author of the catalogue was only able to provide poor quality black and white copies of these notes.
Some years ago a series of five notes was offered to several senior collectors for a price of $ 4.000 that was supposed to be issued by the NII in the Atjeh province. Also this series is believed to be a fake and might even originate from the same counterfeiter.”

 

Een honderd dollars note from Deli / Medan 1899
Note the text “Jhon ench zone” at the bottom of the obverse. It is an amateurish reference to the Dutch printer “Joh. Enschedé en Zonen”

 

20 Rupiah note from Medan 5 juli 1947

 

500 Rupiah note from Laboehan Batoe, 11 september 1947

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in pink color

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in green color

 

Fake 100 Rupiah, Keresidenan Atjeh, 15 September 1948

 

 

 

 

Compare with the original Aceh NRI papermoney,provenance Dr Iwan at aceh 1996

 

 

I studied the paper, the designs, the printing techniques, the texts, the signatories, the history of the area’s, etc., etc.

Each note appears to be very amateurish but there was something I could not yet put my finger on.

Then I studied the serial numbers of the notes and, all of a sudden, I found a match between all these notes that are supposed to cover a period of almost 50 years.

All serial numbers have 5 numbers and most notes seemed to be printed with the same number printing machine.

 The character set and size is the same and most notes show a serial number where the 4th number is printed a little higher than the other numbers.

 It seems like all these notes could have been manufactured by one and the same counterfeiter using the same equipment. Most of these notes were sold in Singapore.

Saya mempelajari kertas, desain, teknik cetak, teks, penandatangan, sejarah daerah, dll, dll
Setiap catatan tampaknya sangat amatir tapi ada sesuatu yang saya belum bisa menempatkan jari saya di.
Lalu aku mempelajari nomor seri dari catatan dan, tiba-tiba, saya menemukan kecocokan antara semua catatan yang seharusnya untuk menutupi masa hampir 50 tahun.
Semua nomor seri memiliki 5 nomor dan catatan yang paling tampaknya dicetak dengan mesin cetak nomor yang sama.
 

Set karakter dan ukuran yang sama dan catatan yang paling menunjukkan nomor seri dimana jumlah 4 dicetak sedikit lebih tinggi daripada angka lainnya.
 

Sepertinya semua catatan bisa saja diproduksi oleh satu dan pemalsu yang sama menggunakan peralatan yang sama. Sebagian besar catatan yang dijual di Singapura

 

 

=====

Below please find an overview of other fake Indonesian banknotes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In early Mei 1947, S.M.Amin was pointed as the Young Guvernour(Gubernur Muda) North Sumatra, by telegram from Vice president Moh,Hatta via Resident Aceh T.Chik Myhamaad Daudsyah.,before he was the chief executive of DPR Aceh , at last Mei he went to Pematang siantar where the capital of Sumatra Province ,in order to meet the Govermur Sumatra Tewuku Mohammads Hassan where he was inagurated , before the capital at Medan but  moving because the Dutch pressuded. Several days working, S.M.Amin must solved the LOGAM (metal) and Marsuse affairs.

original informations:

LOGAM affair,

Peristiwa ini terjadi berkaitan dengan perasaan tidak puas dalm kalangan masyarakat yang terbatas pada mereka yang berasal dari  Tapanuli utara, dengan tuduhan bahwa  Pemerintah meng anak tirikan  mereka, katanya seluruh pejabat berasal dari Aceh,tidak ada yang berasal dari tapanuli utara. Untuk menu nnukkan rasa tidak puas, mereka mengakan suatu demonstrasi , yang hampir menimbulkan suatu pertumpahan darah.Syyukur situasi dapat dikuasai . Namum keadaan tetap dirasa gawat sehingga Pemerintah tetap waspada dan merasa perlu dikeluarkan sebuah Maklumat  Peringatan yang ditujukan kepada rakyat  agar kejadian perpecahan agar tidak terjad9i,maklumat ini ditanda tangani oleh Gubernur Muda S>M>Amin, REsiden Aceh T.Muhammad Daudsyah dan Residen Tapanuli Dr F.L.Tobing.

 

 

 

MARSUSE AFFAIR

Tantangan kedua yang dihadapi adalah dari pihak “Lasjkar Marsuse” dibawah pimpinan Timur pane. Lasjkar Marsuse ini adalah gabungan beberapa lasjkar yang bersatu dan menuntut suatu pengakuan resmi oleh Pemerintah serta  dana pernelanjaan setiap bulan sejumlah Rp.120.000.000,-,suatu jumalh yang tidak sedikit seh8ingga tuntutan itu ditolak, akibatnya Timur Pane dengan beberapa pengawalnya kemudian mendatangi gubernur muda sumatra  utara dan berusaha memperoleh uang tersebut dengan bujukan-bujukan. Bujukan ini juga tidak berhasil ,sehingga keluar ancaman dengan kata=kata:”BILAMANA WAKIL PRESIDEN NANTI TIBA DI PEMATANG SIANTAR” (wakil presiden memang  sedang ditunggu kedatangannya dari Bukittinggi)”AKAN SAYA USAHAKAN MEMPEROLEHNYA DARI BELIAU DAN BILAMANA TIDAK BERHASIL,MAKA AN TERJADI BANJIR DARAH”. Tetapi yang terjadi adalah banjir darah sebagai akibat serbuan belanda kearah daerah republik, serbuan yang dikenal dengan sebutan “Politioneel Actie”.

In May 1947, a ship named KM Trade. Bali arrested by the Dutch in the waters of Kuala Tungkal and Sea village to jambi. In addition to commodities such as rice, on the ship there is also a passenger:

1. Captain M. Thaib RH (Company Commander Kuala Tungkal)

2. Sergeant Major Cedet / Kadir Naning (Adjutant) and several bodyguards

3. National Outcome Inspector Helper. Asmara Siagian II (police officer)

4. Teacher David (Head of Religious Bureau Kuala Tungkal)

5. H. Abdullah Aziz (Kuala Tungkal Religious Judge)

6. H. Mohd. Thaib (Office of Civil Religion Kuala Tungkal)

7. Gumri Abdullah (religious teacher) and several other civilians.

KM. Bali with all its passengers were taken to Tanjung Pinang (Riau), while the rice in the waste into the sea.

 

Captain M. Thaib RH and Letda R. Umar and his men captured in Tanjung Pinang, other civilian passengers were freed. Captain M. Thaib RH and his men were released after the handover of sovereignty of Indonesia.

May,5t,1947

President Soekarno order as the higest Command Indonesian Army, in as fast Indonesian amred forces (TRI-tentara repoeblik Indonesia)  and the Lasjkar joined in in one organization TNI(tentara Nasional Indonesia _ Indonesia National Army)

May,6th,1947

(a)The rare emergency overprint  prangko on dai Nippon revenue at palembang, postally used cover send fro Palembang  cds 6.5.47

 

 

Machinal Overprint on dai Nippon occupation sumatra Revenuve ,there are several different settings of these overprints. 2000 copies of f.50 and f 1,- values and 5.0000.- copies of the f2,- and f 2.50 values were issued.Known used at Kajoeagoeng,Lahat,Palembang,Pendopo and Tandjongradja.Most used copies are CTO,approximately 15 genuinely used entires exist,Most of the stamp are off center. (V.esbensen.1980)

 

I have only the unsued stamps,(Dr Iwan notes)

 

I had seen the postally used cover courtecy Ricardo during International philatelixc shows at Jakarta 1995,and look the fotocopy of that collections below(Dr Iwan Notes).

 

 

(b) The original letter of badan pemeriksaan Military Police Division Banteng I Sumatera

May,8th.1947

THe overprint repoeblik Indonesia -from java on Ned Indie karbouw 2 cent stamp(5x) postally used from Tjiawi to Djkarta.

 

May,10th.1947

The Document of repoeblic Indonesia soerakarta  Justice Court ,about the  “Ahliwaris”

 

May,10th,1947

On May 10, 1947 Battleship Dutch then looked at the tip of the island Poncan Tower and soon anchorage, 1.5 Miles from the Port of Sibolga, with berlabuhnya Dutch war ships, Sibolga standby entire force deployed to keep things that are not desirable , Unity Tapanuli security delivered protest filed by the Company Commander of Navy Oswald Siahaan to Warship Netherlands, but incidents of the negotiators Oswald Siahaan with Dutch ship shootout.

3) With the incident then the chairman of the Defense Council Tapanuli Dutch Warships ordered to immediately leave the port if no action will be taken. The whole combat ready troops firing when the Dutch ship did not go, because the Dutch did not leave the Ship Defense Council ordered to shoot a Dutch ship, resulting in the crossfire between the forces of Indonesia by the Dutch Warship for 6 hours, Dutch Warship finally shoot blindly Ship The Dutch left the Gulf War Sibolga

4) With the blind blindly Dutch war ship then fired Sibolga MAS KADIRAN mepercepat ordered and mobilized for the completion of the manufacture of cannon, unfortunately while testing the cannon, one of the members of Barisan SPECIAL POLICE Residency Tapanuli named “LUNCIUS Simanjuntak” dead less than a month the death Luncius Simanjuntak cannon shooter Distance MAS KADIRAN completed with the name calling Meriam Meriam “LUNCIUS” in order to commemorate the name of one of the members who died while testing the cannon. Finally, experts in these techniques can resolve the 3 pieces of cannon, a cannon shooter distance size of 8 inches, one anti-aircraft cannon and a cannon Anti Tank Cal. 3.8 inch.

i. SPECIAL POLICE FORCES row Tapanuli INTO CAR Brigade residency residency Tapanuli

(MBK Tapanuli)

1) In accordance with the provisions of the Branch Bureau of Police for the Sumatra and Tapanuli Command Chief Residency at the melting renamed “POLICE CAR residency Tapanuli Brigade” Brigade POLICE CAR’s name is based on the letter of Command Chief of Police No. Young. : 126 / 78 / 91 November 14, 1946. concerning the establishment of Mobile Brigade in each of the residency of the formation of the Brigade Police Cars are meant to uniform name, rank structure, the task of working procedures of the police forces that are at the Residency in Indonesia where the name of a wide Variety of Police, there PATRIOT POLICE, POLICE EXEMPLARY, SPECIAL POLICE Barisan , POLICE FAST MOTION. etc.

2) The main purpose of the establishment of Mobile Brigade is composed Forces – the small army as the core of a strong police firepower with high mobility, in each residency in the form of Mobile Brigade residency (MBK) and led by a TK-POLICE INSPECTOR I / II as for the strength of 100 people or more, with space covering the entire residency, Administration, Organization and under the leadership Tactical Police Chief Residency.

3). In addition to the residency of Mobile Brigade (MBK), the Center / Bureau held Reservists are called Mobile Brigade LARGE (MBB), led by the Bureau MBB A POLICE COMMISSIONER receiving command and directly responsible to the Head of State Police. Reservists / MBB-strength 100 s / d 600 Armament Members who complete it.

May 11 th.1947.


Sultan Hamid II of Pontianak governed the “Daerah Istimewa Kalimantan Barat” in cooperation with the Dutch (corresponding to today’s Kalimantan Barat province). He was arrested in 1950 for involvement in a plot against the Indonesian government.

Dutch create state of West Kalimantan with Sultan of Pontianak at head; Sjahrir protests


Dutch vehicle in flames after a guerilla ambush at Puncak, April 1947

 

 

May,11th,1947

Radio Station at delangoe picture during “diresmikan” President Soekarno

 

May ,15th.1947

Used local soematra repoblik Indonesia bea meterai (revenue) f.15,- type WSR 2.(rare nominal)(if the speciaolist collector want to know the different of type WSR 1 and WSR 2 ,please subscribed as the block premium member-Dr Iwan Not, different design of repoeblik Indonesia bea meterai)

 

May,18th.1947

the rare Palembang republic overprint PTT NRI on Dai Nippon stamp used on complete document

May,22th.1947

The official letter from Bandung ,cds Bandoeng BKT 1 22.3.47 to  Batavia centrum. arrived CDS  Batavia C 10.at the back of cover.

May,23th.1947

The used local Sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f 1,-(small f) in may,23th 1947, theearliest  12/3.47. two different colour,type WSR 2.

May,24th,1947

The recieved of building cionstruction from palembang with  Overprint Palembang PTT NRI in round ball Dai Nippon revenue

May,25th.1947

 

Darmojuwono Ordained Priest, May 25, 1947.  Now Archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia

 

May,29th.1947

The latest used of Local  sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue f.150  in May.29th,1947, the earliest Sepetember,16th.1946,type WSR 1

 

May,30th.1947

The tranportation(pengankutan)  of  last  350  APWI_allied Prisoner  War Indonesia (rombongan tahanan perang) from Republic area arrived at Jakarta.

In May 1947

 

Dr Soedjono P Pusponegoro,

Pediatrician at Central hospital Jakarta(RSCM )

November 1945

May 1947 Physician, Kendal
Director, Kardinah Hospital, Tegal
May 1947

February  1950 Pediatrician, Central Hospital, Djakarta
concurrently teaching at the Medical School, University of the Republic of Indonesia, Djakarta

 

 

INDONESIA MERDEKA CENSOR MAIL BATAVIA AUSTRALIAN POSTMARKS Fine  covers from Batavia (Jakarta) to Holland with Australian postmarks ‘Batavia Centrum’ dated May 1947

June 1947

a)In June 1947, Lieutenant Young A. Page Yatub and Sergeant Tambunan arrested by the Dutch Navy in the waters between Kuala Tungkal Sea and the village, they served to bring fighters from Kuala Tungkal incorporated in Lasyakar commander to be sent to the Front Estuary Rupit / Lubuk Linggau.

Dutch complain that Indonesia is stopping shipments of rice to Dutch-controlled areas.Egypt and Syria recognize the Republic of Indonesia.

Menistery Moh.Roem, Mr Amir Sjarifuddin,Hemangku Buwono and Mr A.Madjid arrive at Jakarta due to Prime Menistry St Sjahrir invitation because the situation became worst(suasana semakin Genting)

 

Kamping.


Java
Semarang June 1947
Parade on the Bodjong, the main street of Semarang

 

 

 

 

 

 

June,2nd.1946

June.2nd.1947

 

1947 (2 June). Batavia – USA. Reg high fkd env. mns Boat mail. Special label reverse.[ 535479

This day was the earliest used of Sumatra new value overprint on Sukarno stamp(Zon 91-96).Loose used stamp mostsly CTO but there exist very few CTO covers.Aproximately 125genuinely used entires exist.The different type of the overprint are identifiend in on full sheet, the earlist date used CDS Koelasimpang 2.6.47(v.esbense,1980)

I have found only one genuinely cover send from Pematang Siantar to Bukittinggi(ex dr iwan collection sold to Mr Karel), and the off cover CDS  Pematang siantar  19.8.47 and CDS (boekit) tinggi …,8.47. I also have the complete set of the five different stamnp in mint condition,I also have seen the surabaja collector have the full sheet of this stamp(Dr Iwan Note)

June ,3th.`1947

(a)Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (Indonesian Army) is renamed Tentara Nasional Indonesia or TNI.as the unity of TRI and Lajkar Rakyat  Indonesia.

(b) The used local sumatra repoeblik Indonesia revenue  f.25,-, earliest date June,3th.1947, and the latest November.13th.1947( the revenue became up in june from  f 15,-)

 

Dengan truk ditangkap prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI), dievakuasi. TNI dibentuk oleh penggabungan dari tentara Republik dan pemuda-pemuda di 3 Juni 1947. Di Jawa mereka memiliki sekitar 110.000 dan sekitar 64.000 orang di Sumatera. Indonesia 18 Februari 1948.

Dengan truk ditangkap prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI), dievakuasi. TNI dibentuk oleh penggabungan dari tentara Republik dan pemuda-pemuda di 3 Juni 1947. Di Jawa mereka memiliki sekitar 110.000 dan sekitar 64.000 orang di Sumatera. Indonesia 18 Februari 1948.

–deleted–…

mungkin maksud teks nya : dengan truk rampasan, TNI di evakuasi…
mungkin ini pergeseran pasukan hasil perjanjian renville atau linggarjati…?

hehehe ada penampakan truk eks-KNIL… ada chevrolet, ada ford,… (kebelakang makin nga jelas…)

Duh… coba yg bikin film merah putih liat thread ini yah… jadi ngga bakal truk isuzu dan hino ikut nonggol jadi pemeran… hehehehe… kayanya sih ada ford wanabe… tapi parah banget culunnya ngga dapet… hehehehe

btw itu pistol mauser eks tentara Jepang veteran manchuria atau kopiannya cina atau ori buatan jerman yah…?

yg ini buat foto foto yg udah di post di trit TNI

 

Coba deh perhatikan orang sebelah kiri no 3.. kok kyk orang Soviet ya..? apa orang Indo pake model baju Tentara merah..??

 

Mauser seri C-96

June,5th.1947

The rare document of Aceh Railway (Kereta Api) office

 

 

 

 

 

June,8th.1947

 

 

Envelop met aantekening “Bea 1,50 telah dibajar Tjp”, Tjoeroep 8-4-47 naar Palembang, pracht ex.

 

June,9th.1947

The Unpaid bond Billing  of Komando tempur Medan Area Tanjoengmorawa (east sumatra)

 

June,1oth.1947

This day was the earliest used Sumatra ORI handstamped overprint(Dai Nippon type 71).The Ori overprint was used throughout Sumatra.However ,the overprinting was clesrly done locally with local handstamped. Therefore there exist many minor varieties of the over[rint.Approximately 25 gunuinely used entires exist of all types put to gether,the earliest date use CDS Soegeipenoeh 10.6.47 postally sencored cover.(v.esbensen<1980)

I have found only CTO postally used made by Mr Postman Soewil,only one postcard.this ORI overprint the Padang repoebelik Indonesia overprint KON 10 cent.

And I also have a complete collection of mint ORI stamp

 On overprint Rep:Ind: on  Dai Nippon definitive Sumatra stamp

 1 c , 3 c,30 c,40 c,50 c ,-(triple Overprint) –Dr Iwan’s note,

June,11th.1947

 

 

 

Postallyb used NRI overprint repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen on Dai nippon postal stationer send from to boekittinggi cds 11.7.46(provenance Dr Iwan suwandy,1985)

 

The earliest used of the Djokjakarta issued stamps CDS 11.7.1947 (info V.esbensen catalogue ,1980)

 

And Dai Nippon catalogue 1981

 

I never seen the postal used cover with this three Yogya issued stamps,50 sen dark blue Wayang,60 sen red NRI flag ,and 80 sen violet Borobudur.

I have 50 sen used moneyOrder fragment

 

and Block four mint 60 sen flag(Dr Iwan note)

 

 

 

 

June,16th.1947

the rare document of the chief of Loerah amapaloe west sumatra repoeblic village(Waminegeri pemerintah repoeblik Indonesia) official stamped . the document about “harta Poesaka”

 

June,17th,1947

the rare Medeka newspaper card send  express mail from Djakrta to jogyakarta,with 2x 15 sen and 1×40 sen java repoeblic Indonesia definitive stamps.

 

 

The book ‘s  illustration of djokjakarta batik(ibid winkler,1948)

 

 

 

 

 

June ,18th.1947

The very rare postally used emergency stamps overprint prangko on dai nippon revenue  f0,50 and f 2,- cds Palembang 18.6.47 to Painan west sumatra.

 

 

 

 

and the complete series of the stamp above in mint (unused) condition.

 

 

June,22th.1947

 

The Ned Indie Briefkaart kartoepos karbouw 3 1/2 cent send from  Gouw Ho machine fabric Pejagalan 2 CDS Batavia 26.6.47 first type to Semarang

The Poster of Bale Poestaka Batvia Centrum the Lampoeng Book by K.R.A.A. Probonegoro.(rare Nica poster)

(c)the rare bookstore cover with Dr sun

 

 

 

 

Sun Jat-sen san min chu I book promotion

 

 

 

 

June,17th.1947

 

1947, Bedarfs-Dienstbrief aus “BATOE RADJA 5.7.47″ auf Aufdruckprovisorium F 2,50 auf 40 Sen, rs. Dienststempel “TJABANG G.P.I.I. BATOERADJA”, Faltung und Beförderungsspuren, ungewöhnlicher Beleg

 

July.21th.1947

 

 

Form to get the Duplicat of spaarbank book asking from Liwa and  in CDS Benkoelen  9.10.46. look the closed up

 

Closed up

 

Formulir permintaan kuku duplikat bank tabungan pos dengan prangko cetak tindih Rep Indonesia diatas dainippon Sumatra definitive dan stempel pos dan tanggal 21/7-47 telah dibuat dengan biaya f 2.-

 

 

 

 

June,24th.1947

 

The photo of Megawati Sukarno Putri during baby and his mother Megawati at left in June 1947,now

 

she ex president Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

Who can tell me more about the middle (triangle) stamp chop?

Comments to the webmaster
Comment:

As of September / October 1945

Dutch soldiers were sent to India.

The abbreviations of the armed forces was – as now – often a problem for the home front.

 In addition, men were much moved (sometimes at their own request) allowing the delivery of mail was a problem.

 After the arrival of December 7th Division with an organic field post office in the organization, the existing offices (mostly KNIL personnel) expanded.

Among others, the boat lists (lists and other transportation such as KLM) the names and registration numbers of the Indi sent to
staff continuously to the field post office sent a copy.

There was a name / registration / under part-karthoteek of landscaped omonbestelbare post to derouteren to the new component. Post was indeed important.

The recipient of the letter is sent with a so called Light Infantry Battalion (LIB).

These battalions went first to Indi in September 1945 and came from there to England in November 1945.

Of the English should they not Indie and these battalions were sent to Australia and Malaya until 15 March 1946.

Since they were reorganized into the waiting period, the new component names are often not at the homefront bekend.Hun names were not recorded centrally and when it started in lateIn 1946 it took a long time before everything was.

Note a “return” message often lasted 2 months and then the man was again moved. The stamps show that the field post office the item is not found in the array (“incomplete address”).

The Personnel Section (adj. Gen) was called on the personeel karthoteek did see “triangle stamp”. Result nil see left stamp “Return Sender”.

The “triangle stamp” falls under the so-called administrative field postmarks like that of the Dutch Field Post from 1939 to 1940 with comments like “Not with Field Post Office 4″ and the like.
Jan van der Meer

Dr Iwan Note

This is the interesting Dutch Military Fieldpost  postal history send from dutch to Batavia, but  cannot found  the reciever  because the soldier always moved and in june,24th.1947  still cannot found at personel section, and they choped with triagle Feldpost Batavia (Field Post), then return to sender

 

 

June 26.1947

(a)Dutch forces mobilize for an invasion of Madura, and eventually Java. William Foote, a USA diplomat, intervenes and offers to mediate between Dutch and Indonesians. The invasion is postponed.

(b)

 

The rare Komando Tempoer Medan area Billing Bond which never pain,sign at Kabanjahe 26.7.1947.

 

June 27.1947

(a)president’s announcement No.6 YEAR 1947

Berhubung with the urgency of the situation at the present time, the President of the Indonesian republic, on 06/27/1947, government  completely took power for a while,

Yogyakarta, 03:30 hours

dated 26.7.1947

President of the Indonesian republic

Soekarno

at the same time, General Spoor, the DEI chief command, issuing orders dag (Day Order):

1, Day of week begins with the transfer 26/06/1947 all vehicles by the Dutch Military. 2. Sunday afternoon began with the consolidation of all forces that will participate in aksi.3.Senin 30/06/1947 at 3:30 am (AM) beginning with affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten (attack points) 4.senen 06.00 (AM) morning begins with a general attack across the front. 5.Didaerah which has been occupied by Dutch troops have conducted large-besaran.6.Seluruh pengankapan houses of any nation must also digeledah.7.Perintah is valid if the Saturday date of 06/28/1947 at 14:00 (PM) tidka revoked.

With the leaking of the above order of the day, the Great Commander General Sudirmasn menegeluarkan command as follows:

1.Angkatan the Republic of Indonesia and all the people should remain firm, vigilant, alert and ready (not careless) .2. If the Dutch army at one place has started to conduct the attacks on the Indonesian side should be held as well as possible resistance, no (not necessary) to wait for another command from the helm of the republic Indonesia.3.Gerakan Prerang Force general on the whole of Indonesia to maintain a State run by orders from the helm of the army of the Republic of large-scale battles Indonesia.4.Jika ynag didajului actual (executed) by dutch army, then the resistance simultaneously (total) that best

original Info:

MAKLUMAT PRESIDEN RI  NO.6 TAHUN 1947

bBerhubung dengan gentingnya keadaan pada waktu sekarang,maka Presiden repoeblik Indonesia,pada tanggal 27.6.1947 ,mengambil kekuasaan Pemerintah sepenuhnya untuk sementara waktu,

Yogyakarta,jam 03.30

tanggal 26.7.1947

Presiden Repoeblik Indonesia

Soekarno

at the same time,General Spoor ,the DEI chief command , mengeluarkan dag order(Day Order):

1, Hari minggu 26.6.1947 dimulai dengan pengoperan semua kendaraan oleh Militer Belanda. 2. Minggu sore dimulai dengan konsolidasi seluruh pasukan yang akan ikut dalam aksi.3.Senin 30.6.1947 jam 03.30 pagi(AM) dimulai dengan affeideningsactie vanuit aanvalpunten(titik serangan) 4.senen jam 06.00(AM) pagi dimulai dengan serangan umum diseluruh front.5.Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh tentara belanda harus diadakan pengankapan besar-besaran.6.Seluruh rumah dari bangsa apapun juga harus digeledah.7.Perintah ini berlaku jika pada hari sabtu tanggal 28.6.1947 jam 14.00(PM) tidka dicabut.

Dengan bocornya perintah harian diatas, maka Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman  menegeluarkan perintah sebagai berikut:

1.Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia dan rakyat seluruhnya harus tetap tegas,awas,waspada dan siap sedia(jangan lengah).2.Jika disalah satu tempat tentara Belanda telah mulai mengadakan serangan maka dari pihak Indonesia harus segera mengadakan perlawanan sebaik-baiknya,tidak usah(tidak perlu)  menunggu Komando lagi dari pucuk pimpinan Angkatan Prerang republik Indonesia.3.Gerakan umum mengenai seluruh Indonesia untuk mempertahankan Negara dijalankan dengan perintah dari pucuk pimpinan angkatan perang Republik Indonesia.4.Jika pertempuran besar-besaran ynag sesungguhnya didajului(dijalankan) oleh tentara belanda,maka perlawanan serentak(total) yang sebaik-baiknya

(b)Amir Sjarifuddin and the “Left Wing” withdraw support of Sjahrir. Sjahrir leaves the government and becomes Indonesia’s representative at the United Nations. Amir Sjarifuddin becomes Prime Minister

Dutch soldiers in Batavia, 1947. By the start of the first Dutch “police action”, there were 92,000 Dutch forces in Indonesia.

June,29th.1947

 

The picture of Genral sudirman,and othe TNI leader , during sworn by President sukarno at Djogja Palace inaugurated  by Presiden sukarno at president nRI  Palace Jogya.

 

 

the unpaid bonds for medan areacommand  headquater ‘s car (TRI 26) reapiar  by Mr Abdoekl Rahman Tandjong Morawa left. this bod sign by Letnasn A.rahman with medan area official choped,

 

 

also look the picture of Medan area headquaters  after burn during politional action

 

 

June,30th.1947

The rare Repoeblic Indonesia Special Card with pen line overprint on dancer 2 cent with Repoeblic Java definitive 3 cent, postally used send from Djakarta.

 

July 1947

(1)  the month of July 1947, Vice President Mohammad Hatta arrived in Siantar in the review of the Sumatran, after several ahari he was disana.Gubernur sumatra received the news of a private intelligence, that the Dutch army had occupied the city of high cliffs and continue toward the town of siantara, being The TNI and Police beriat no nothing.

 

(2) This is important news as soon submitted to the vice president M. Hatta. meanwhile sma news from the TNI and police followed, so that immediate action should be taken to save the Vice President who happened to be in Sumatra Siantar.Gubernur Pematang instructed to his car, Chrysler’s 7-seat (white elephant) immediately covered with leaves so that the color white no longer visible from the ship flying the Dutch.

 

(3) After consultation with the Vice-President Hatta, Governor sumatra plan to bring him to Brastagi, through Kananjahe and so on through Sidikalang to Bukittinggi. For that SM Amin ordered his driver to fill a full tank for the trip jauh.SEmentara Car gurbenur Sumatra past noon ready wrapped and covered with leaves. Since that time is the Fast, then paced a little food for Iftar are already prepared, had taken Similarly, the car used Sumatra.Anak Vice President and governors of Sumatra Governor and Wife and all goods are in his house had been left in Siantar,  not enough  time anymore to take care of it, handed it to God SWT.

 

(4)Rombongan just waiting for the arrival of Governor Mr Young. SM.Amin, so that can go together, but setalh how long to wait, he never dtang, his car was not returned from filling the fuel (BBM). Apparently accomplice in Siantar NICA has begun to play a role.

 

(5) Therefore it was already two o’clock in the afternoon (PM) then took the decision to Sumatra Guernur bernagkat to Brastagi, Mr. SM Amin was able to catch up later. Head with rush to Brastagi need to done in order  to prevent the Vice President was arrested by Dutch troops, it turns out later that the Dutch troops entered the town of siantar approximately 45 minutes after Vice President Moh.Hatta entourage departed, the group survived until the Brastagi afternoon.

look the illustration of vice presiden Moh Hatta  during departed to balige from pematang siantara and  from there to Tapanoeli and Bukittingi

 

Governor Young SM Amin who still lives in Siantar the Dutch army entered the city, asked to come to the office to the Netherlands to be examined

original info(ibid. Mr teuku Mohammad hassan,1986)

Dalam bulan July 1947,

 wakil Presiden Mohammad hatta tiba di pematang siantar dalam peninjauan ke sumatera, sesudah beberapa ahari beliau berada disana.Gubernur sumatra menerima berita dari seorang intel pribadi, bahwa tentara Belanda sudah menduduki kota Tebing tinggi dan terus menuju kota Pematang siantar,sedang dari pihak TNI dan Polisi belum ada berita apa-apa.

 berita penting ini segera disampaikan kepada wakil Presiden M.Hatta. sementara itu berita yang sma dari TNI dan Polisi menyusul,sehingga segera perlu diambil tindakan untuk menyelamatkan Wakil Presiden yang kebetulan berada di Pematang Siantar.

Gubernur Sumatera menginstruksikan supaya mobilnya,Chrysler 7-seat(Gajah Putih) segera ditutup dengan daun-daun agar warna putihnya tidak kelihatan lagi dari kapal terbang Belanda.

 Sesudah bermusyawarah dengan Wakil Presiden Hatta,Gubernur sumatra merencanakan untuk membawa beliau ke Brastagi,melalui Kananjahe dan seterusnya melalui Sidikalang ke Bukittinggi.

Untuk itu S.M Amin menyuruh supirnya untuk mengisi bensin penuh untuk perjalanan jauh.SEmentara Mobil gurbenur Sumatera lewat tengah hari siap dibalut dan ditutup dengan daun-daunan

.Berhubung waktu itu adalah bulan Puasa,maka serba sedikit makanan untuk berbuka puasa yang sudah disiapkan,terpaksa dibawa pula dengan mobil yang digunakan Wakil Presiden dan gubernur Sumatra.Anak dan Isteri Gubernur Sumatra dan seluruh barang-barang yang ada dirumahnya terpaksa ditinggal di siantar,tidak cukuk waktu lagi untuk mengurusnya,diserahkan saja kepada Allah SWT.

Rombongan hanya menunggu kedatangan Gubernur Muda Mr.SM.Amin,supaya dapat berangkat bersama, tetapi setalh menunggu berapa lama, ia tak kunjung datang,ternyata mobilnya belum kembali dari mengisi bahan bakar(BBM).

Rupanya kaki tangan NICA di siantar sudah mulai memainkan peranannya,. Oleh karena waktu sudah menunjukkan jam dua siang(PM) maka Guernur Sumatra mengambil keputusan untuk bernagkat ke Brastagi,sedang Mr SM Amin bisa menyusul kemudian.

 Berangkat dengan bvuru-buru ke Brastagi perlu duilakukan untuk mencehag Wakil Presiden ditangkap oleh tentara Belanda,ternyata kemudian bahwa tentara belanda masuk kota Pematang siantar kira-kira 45 menit setlah rombongan Wakil Presiden Moh.Hatta berangkat,rombongan selamat sampai di Brastagi sore hari.

Gubernur Muda SM AMIn yang masih tinggal di Pematang siantar waktu tentara Belanda masuk kota,diminta datang kekantor belanda untuk diperiksa.

Source : ex Gubernur Muda Mr.SM.Amin(dalam bukunya)

(2)The July 1947,

 

HUa Ning Tsing Nien Hui bewij van Lichmaatschap tevens contributiekaat(Chinese overseas Contrubution Card)

In July 1947

the Dutch launched a military offensive to reinforce their urban bases and to intensify their attacks on guerrilla strongholds. The offensive was, however, put to end by the signing of the Renville Agreement on January 17, 1948. The negotiation was initiated by India and Australia and took place under the auspices of the UN Security Council.

It was during these critical moments that the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) stabbed the newly- proclaimed Republic of Indonesia in the back by declaring the formation of the “Indonesian People’s Republic” in Madiun, East Java. Muso led an attempt to overthrow the Government, but this was quickly stamped out and he was killed.

 

 

 

July,1st.1947

 

the very rare Dai Nippon Java 5 sen used with added  repoeblik Indonesia 17.8.45 anniversary bull stamps,cds Poerwokerto  send to Kebumen central java.

 

 

The extreme rare,Postal used cover with overprint Soekarno stamps, and Fi,- overprint  independe fund Sumatra stamps send from CDS Maninjau (west suamtra,near lake) to Bukittinggi

 

July,2nd.1947

The unpaid Gasoline(bensin) five liter to Bengkel Rahman  from medan area command tanjong morawa.sign with official stamped.which never paid until the owner died.J

July,2nd 1947

 

The   Indonesian University  Batavia(Jakarta) announcement in news paper

to aacept the new student in 1947 Of Technic Faculty Surabaia(now ITS) and

 

THS Bandoeng(now ITB),

Medical faculty Jakarta(now FKUI) and Surabaya(FKAirlangga),also Economy and Law faculty with Collage fee 300 guilder per year  sign by the president of University Prof Dr A.A.Cense  in dutch language.(dutch NICA area)

 

July,3rd,1947

the rare Medreka News paper in fo today:

HATTA KAMPUNG VISITING PAGE

Bukittinggi, 1 July 1947

.Kemarinrombongan Moh.Hatta vice president accompanied by rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra that now exists in New York City went to Loeboek aloeng 30 miles of desert. On the ground the vice president, Mr. Soerjo former governor of East Java and host Soepardo a speech in a rally which was held on that day. on his way home, the group stopped at the school who headed the INS kayoe Plant Moh lord, Syafei. Today Vice President headed back home and tomorrow he will go on to a new feed to Riau.

ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL KANINET

At 23:15 hours jogia 2-6.47 date night, President telang issued orders to Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr. AK Gani and Drs Setiadjid to form a Cabinet that is responsible and the national character. The formation of this cabinet must have been completed and has diserakan to the President on July 3 before 12 noon.

80% OF THE FIXED REPOEBLIKEIN NIT

Mr. Noor Tadjuddin former chairman of the State of East Indonesia’s parliament is now in solo explain bahma intent after his arrival in Java is no longer served as chairman of the parliament will see the NIT is the political situation here, especially pemb icaraan will also hold the leaders of the republic of Indonesia’s independence struggle Indonesia. He also explained that the position of cabinet Nadjamoedin would soon collapse if it is not getting any help from the dutch again. In general, people in the NIT really Repoeblikein, at least 80 percent among people who love republic, feeling too happy and willing to “adanya tantangan” Sjahrir to the Dutch prime minister to hold a plebiscite. regarding the status of Papua, mr Tadhuddin explained that according to information obtained from the van Mook, Papua has not been able to actually enter the NIT and will still be subject to the people of Papua, but later of course, also enter part of the union Indonesa Negra.

Permit DIRECTLY TO CHINA TO gwan Mr Tan Po

According to the announcement of the Ministry of State Urusanan Peranakkan begun on 17 July 1947, permission to go to Jakarta for the Chinese to inland areas on the way back to China, no longer maintained by lkementerian abroad through the medium of the interior ministry but by the Ministry of State for Peranakan (Mr Tan Po Gwan)

ADVERTISING SEREKAT theatrical ARTISTS

demonstrates:

“Shadows Fadjar Time”

Celebrating Artists Congress.

With the leading artist of the theater yanr: Sofiah, Sukarno, Oedjang, Moestadjab, Goddess Reni, Ismail and others

original info;

HATTA MENGUNJUNGI KAMPUNG HALAMAN

Bukittinggi,1 juli 1947.Kemarinrombongan Wakil presiden Moh.Hatta diiringi oleh rombonga Gurbernur Sumatra yang sekarang ada di bukittinggi berangkat ke Loeboek aloeng 30 km dari padang. Ditempat itu wakil Presiden  ,Tuan soerjo bekas gubernur Jawa Timur dan tuan Soepardo mengadakan pidato dalam rapat raksasa yang dilangsungkan pada hari itu. dalam perjalanannya pulang ,rombongan singgah di sekolah INS kayoe Tanam yang dikepalai tuan Moh,Syafei. hari ini Wakil Presiden menuju kampung halaman beliau dan besok akan meneruskan perjalanan ke Pakan baru menuju Riau.

PERINTAH PRESIDEN PEMBENTUKAN KANINET NASIONAL

Di jogia tanggal 2-6.47 jam 23.15 malam, Presiden telang mengeluarkan perintah kepada Mr Amir Sjarifuddin, Dr A.K. Gani dan Drs Setiadjid untuk membentuk Kabinet yang bertanggung jawab dan bersifat nasional. Pembentukan kabinet ini harus telah selesai dan telah diserakan kepada Presiden pada tanggal 3 Juli sebelum jam 12 siang.

80 %  RAKYAT NIT TETAP REPOEBLIKEIN

Mr Tadjuddin noor bekas ketua parlemen Negara Indonesia Timur yang kini berada di solo menerangkan bahma maksud kedatangannya di jawa sesudah tidak lagi menjabat ketua parlemen NIT ialah akan melihat situasi politik disini,terutama juga akan mengadakan pemb icaraan dengan pemimpin repoeblik Indonesia tentang hal yang mengenai perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

Ia juga menerangkan bahwa kedudukan kabinet Nadjamoedin akan segera runtuh jika sudah tidak mendapat bantuan dari belanda lagi. Dalam umumnya rakyat di NIT sungguh-sungguh Repoeblikein, paling sedikit 80 persen diantara rakyat yang mencinta Repoeblik, mera juga merasa senang dan bersedia dengan adanyatantanga perdana Menteri Sjahrir kepada belanda untuk mengadakan plebisit. mengenai status Papua, mr Tadhuddin menerangkan,bahwa menurut keterangan yang didapat dari van Mook, sesungguhnya Papua belum dapat masuk bagian nIT dan masih akan diadakan peninjauan kepada rakyat papua, tetapi kelak sudah barang tentu masuk juga bagian dari Negra Indonesa serikat.

PERMIT KE TIONGKOK LANGSUNG KEPADA Mr Tan Po gwan

Menurut pengumuman Kementerian negara Urusanan Peranakkan muali tanggal 17 juli 1947 , izin pergi ke jakarta bagi orang tionghoa untuk didaerah pedalaman dalam perjalanan pulang ke Tiongkok ,tidak lagi diurus oleh lkementerian luar negeri dengan perantaraan kementerian dalam negeri tetapi oleh Kementerian Negara Urusan Peranakan(Mr Tan Po Gwan)

IKLAN SEREKAT ARTIS  SANDIWARAmempertunjukan“Bayangan Waktu Fadjar”Merayakan kongres Artis.Dengan artis dari sandiwara yang terkemuka : Sofiah,Soekarno, Oedjang,Moestadjab,Dewi Reni,

 

Smar Ismail dan lain-lain.

July,4th.1947

 

The rare legalized documen by the PTT chief Bukittingi with repoeblik Indonesia revenue 3 x f.25.

 

July,5th.1947

 

1947, Bedarfs-Dienstbrief aus “BATOE RADJA 5.7.47″ auf Aufdruckprovisorium F 2,50 auf 40 Sen, rs. Dienststempel “TJABANG G.P.I.I. BATOERADJA”, Faltung und Beförderungsspuren, ungewöhnlicher Beleg

The rare Malang Post magazine no.17 cover with information.”Boemi Hangus”

The rare No.17 Malang Post magazine cover with information. “Boemi Scorched”

original info

scorched Earth

one tactic (tactic) the war’s most feared enemy of political aladah “Scorched Earth”. with musnahnya vital to maintain a building area occupied, then the enemy wins despite losing his standing in hahekatnya easily overthrown by the defeated parties. But thiswar  tactic  can creates a feeling of disappointment on the part of his property destroyed, if destruction is not based on calculations of the sacred. For example the houses burned down after the house in the stretcher out by the burner, while the owner was almost not able to bring nothing but the clothes stick to hid body ,in everything there is a human who uses every opportunity to gain advantage for themselves (in the Java language support Aji While his name). slogan of the sacred, even the religion that is light has a higher purpose is often reversed for keu ntungan a class of people who put aside any feelings of justice and humanity .. dpat origin enrich themselves for the loss of others, people willingly sacrifice everything, even his soul , but the generosity of the people must not be wasted with the fraudulent guise for “Nusa and Nation”. if you want to let us all out with an all-out and do the people who so roedin (poor destitute), and the leaders so rich with goods serobotan (earth lift). Therefore in doing politics “Scorched Earth” from any nation, should use wisdom and sense of social justice which is not only good in words alone, but in practice it is also good.

DJAKARTA at night

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Chinese and Indonesian Bankers are open “His bank office ‘(money changer) and the court Pantjoran diemperan each with a stack of paper money is green, yellow, red, black from various countries, nations and prices. Throughout the (entire) day scalper money (doeit (this hanging (sitting) behind the small table waiting for people from the countryside to exchange money for ORI with NICA money or exchange money sebaliknya.Orang own Betawi NICA with white money (ORI) for spending on land-Abang or markets, where money White still has value as in the hinterland, eg the post office, the electric tram and crate fire listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur money, there is a misnomer because the People’s Bank, is the government of the Republic sendiripu n bandwagon ORI values ​​dropping like according to a news SOERA Oemoem rtanggal 9 June 1948, Kour (value) ORI, each Rp.100, – set by the bank people just f 33 .- more sedikit.Sedangkan Mr. Dasad declared the most meritorious devalued the ORI is some loss of the nationalist government of the Republic sendiri.untung a blessing so, if not accused of kai-hand NICA.

Prinsen PARK

Jkarta residents and also people who dtang from elsewhere to satisfy his sights on a movie theater and Prinsen Park (now candra Naya) that seemed to open a night market continues to be liberally menerus.Penerangan (excess) once, here people can play tambola ( prodded the ball) is served by nona nona “japanese heritage”. In addition to satisfy the eyes, ears satisfy also the voice of Miss Irah, champion (champion) Djali-Muguet Djali of the famous orchestra. For people who love to play, can also select “Miss Noni” or “Miss Tjitjih”. Prinsen Park is an international park of Indonesia without a cap, can dance with the ladies sweet, to have gout (Isakit waist) can be recurrent because nyangking ( hug) sweet lady, slim and get got in djoebin (floor tiles) are shiny.

NORBEK AND GANG Hauber

Noorwijk called brother betawi Norbek to date into the army plesiran belanda.Disini half-hidden. ads a restaurant and dance halls, where Dutch troops were spree Spree until 10 pm through the following day because they are like sheep being led up the truck back to tangsinya. Although children are allowed spree barracks, there is a place for them is telarang Hauber Gang which became a nest “koetilanak” (moll-alias WTS), here the frequent fights and disease and gonorrhea aka lion king (gonoroe aias GO)

MORNING MARKET

Actual picture Pantjoran described no longer exist due to start on 25 May 1947 following haberdashery merchants Bankiet (money changer) has been moved to the morning market is located adjacent to Pantjoran. In the morning there was no tontonan  market, there is no prostitution, tetapimyang there are dozens of food stalls.

The book illustration of Djakarta or batavia (ibid winkler,1948)

 

 

 

WEDDING ADVERTISING

May the Grace of God God’s grace borne along on:

BOENG Tomo (Soetomo)

with

P I. SOELISTINA

Marriage Held Thursday yng Paing June 19, 1947 in Malang

The Family Post unfortunate.

original info

 

BUMI HANGUS

salah satu siasat(taktik) perang yang paling ditakuti musuh aladah politik “Bumi Hangus”. dengan musnanya suatu bangunan vital untuk mempertahankan daerah yang diduduki musuh, maka musuh meskipun menang pada hahekatnya kalah karena kedudukannya mudah digulingkan oleh fihak yang dikalahkan. Tetapi siasat perang ini dpat menimbulkan rasa kecewa pada pihak yang miliknya dimusnahkan, bila pemusnahan  itu tidak berdasarkan atas perhitungan yang suci. Umpamanya rumah penduduk dibakar habis sesudah isi rumah di usung keluar oleh si pembakar,sedangkan pemilik barang itu hampir tidak dapat membawa apa-apa selain pakaian yang menempel pada badannya.Dalam segala hal memang ada manusia yang mengunakan segala kesempatan  untuk mendapat keuntungan bagi diri sendiri(dalam bahsa jawa Aji Mumpung namanya). sembojan yang suci,bahkan agama yang sudah terang mempunyai tujuan yang tinggi seringkali diputar balik untuk keu ntungan segolongan orang yang menyampingkan segala perasaan adil dan kemanusiaan..asal dpat memperkaya diri sendiri buat kerugian pihak lain, rakyat suka rela mengorbankan segala apa,bahkan jiwanyanya, tetapi kemuliaan hati rakyat janganlah disia-siakan  dengan perbuatan curang yang berkedok untuk”Nusa dan Bangsa”.kalau mau habis-habisan marilah kita bersama habis-habisan dan janganlah rakyat yang jadi roedin(miskin melarat),dan para pemimpin jadi kaya dengan barang serobotan(bumi angkat). Oleh karena itu dalam menjalankan politik “bumi Hangus” dari bangsa apa saja,hendaklah digunakan kebijaksanaan dan perasaan keadilan sosial yang bukan hanya bagus dalam kata-kata saja,tetapi juga bagus dalam mempraktekannya.

DJAKARTA DIWAKTU MALAM

 

PANTJORAN-PASARPAGI

Bankers Tionghoa dan indonesia yang membuka”kantor Banknya’(money changer)  diemperan dan pelataran Pantjoran masing-masing dengan tumpukan uang kertas hijau,kuning,merah,hitam dari bermacam-macam negara, bangsa dan harga. Sepanjang(seantero) hari tukang catut uang (doeit( ini nongkrong(duduk) dibelakang meja kecil menunggu orang dari pedalaman untuk menukar uang ORI dengan uang NICA atau sebaliknya.Orang Betawi sendiri tukar uang NICA dengan uang putih(ORI) untuk belanja di tanah-Abang atau pasar-pasar,dimana uang putih masih tetap mempunyai nilai seperti di pedalaman,umpamanya dikantor pos, dalam tram listrik dan kerat api listrik.Bankir pantjoran memeprmaikan kuur uang , ada keliru karena Bank Rakyat, ialah Pemerintah Repoeblik sendiripu n ikut-ikutan menjatuhkan nilai ORI seperti menurut berita SOERA OEMOEM tanggal 9 juni 1948, kour(nilai) ORI, tiap Rp.100,- ditetapkan oleh bank rakyat hanya f 33.- lebih sedikit.Sedangkan Tuan Dasad menyatakan  yang paling berjasa menjatuhkan nilai ORI adalah beberapa badan pemerintah repoeblik sendiri.untung satu nasionalis yang berkat begitu,kalau tidak bisa dituduh kai-tangan NICA.

PRINSEN PARK

Penduduk jakarta dan juga orang yang datang dari lain tempat bisa memuaskan pemandangan matanya di gedung bioskop dan  prinsen Park(sekarang candra Naya) yang seolah-olah buka pasar malam terus menerus.Penerangan diatur secara royal(berlebihan) sekali, disini orang bisa main tambola (bola sodok) dilayani oleh nona nona “warisan jepang” .Selain puaskan mata ,juga puaskan telingga dengan suaranya Miss Irah,kampiun(juara) Djali-djali dari Muguet Orkes yang terkenal. Buat orang yang suka sandiwara ,juga bisa pilih “Miss Noni” atau “Miss Tjitjih”.Prinsen Park adalah park international orang Indonesia tanpa Peci,bisa dansa dengan nona-nona manis, sampai yang punya encok(Isakit pinggang)  bisa kumat karena nyangking(memeluk) nona manis yang langsing dan get got di djoebin (lantai tegel) yang mengkilap.

NORBEK DAN GANG HAUBER

Noorwijk disebut abang betawi Norbek sampai saat ini menjadi tempat plesiran tentara belanda.Disini setengah tersembunyi. ads sebuah restaurant dan tempat dansa,dimana tentara Belanda ber foya-foya sampai jam 10 malam karena liwat jam tersebut  mereka seperti domba digiring naik truk pulang ke tangsinya. Meskipun anak-anak tangsi ini boleh plesir, ada suatu tempat yang telarang buat mereka yaitu Gang Hauber yang menjadi sarang “koetilanak”(wanita pelacur-alias WTS),disini sering terjadi perkelahian dan sarang penyakit raja singa alias kencing nanah(gonoroe aias GO)

PASAR PAGI

Sebenarnya gambaran Pantjoran yang diceritakan sudah tidak ada lagi karena mulai tanggal 25 mei 1947 pedagang barang kelontong berikut Bankiet (money changer) sudah pindah ke Pasar pagi yang letaknya berdekatan dengan Pantjoran. Di pasar Pagi tidak ada tontona,juga tidak ada pelacuran, tetapimyang ada berpuluh-puluh warung makan.

IKLAN PERNIKAHAN

Semoga Rahmat  kurnia Tuhan Allah senatiasa beserta kepada:

BOENG TOMO (Soetomo)

dengan

P I. SOELISTINA

Yang Pernikahannya Dilangsungkan hari kamis Paing 19 Juni 1947 di Malang

Para Keluarga malang Post.

July.6th.47

The repoeblik Indonesia Padang pandjang west sumatra Income tax document(kartjis Padjak Penghasilan negeri) 1946 was paid at post office

July,6th.1947

The Repoeblik Indonesia Income tax used Dai nippon Kartjis Padjak T form, paid at Padang Panjang in this day

 

 

July,7th.1947

The rare TRI-Republibc Indonesia Army picture postcard used send from Mataram (the name of Indonesian south java sector army )to BlitarJuly 8TH.1947

 

Sjarifuddin government makes conciliatory offer to Dutch: Republic of Indonesia will stop seeking international recognition; Netherlands officials can take government positions in the Republic.

The rare postally used cover with new value overprint sukarno stamp Sumatra and Sumatra independence fund,send from pematang siantar to bukittinggi.

 

 

 

July,8th.1947

the rare Repoeblic Indonesia Aceh are railway ‘s chief with the officila stamped “Kerata api NRI” .lettre asking to Justice court Lhoseumawe about train condecteur justice case at Lhokseumawe.

July,17th,1947

The rare Machine overprint on japanese occupation revenue  F1, and F2. (3x) ,postally used on cover cds tandjongradja 14.7,47  to talangkar,cover return to sender.

 

July 20th.1947.

But, on 20 July 1947 –

in the face of world opinion – the Dutch launched their first so-called police action, an attack on Republican territory, to restore the colonial status quo ante. As the military situation see-sawed, in July 1948, a new agreement called the Renville Agreement was brokered with the Hatta cabinet on a US warship of the same name. More or less, the Republic accepted terms under which it was surrounded by Dutch forces. The mass-based PNI or Indonesian Nationalist Party, Masjumi, and the Tan Malaka faction rejected this deal

 

The intersting and historic note of mr Soewil the Padang Postman,on Dai nippon karbouw 3 1/2 cenrt with double overprint repoblik Indonesia 15 sen and F0,50,

1. 20/7/1947  Walikota padang ditembak(the Padang city major was shooted, and his body haveautopsion by Dr.A.rahim Oesman,the Dutch trops said that  he was killed by extrimies(now his name becaome the name of road in Padang),

 

2.21/7-1947. Kantor pos padang diduduki belanda(Padang post office occupied by Dutch)

 

3.17 agustus 1947.at Padang post office ,japanese and dutch stamps had overprint Rep:Indonesia (dikantor pos padang frc2Japan dan belanda di Tjap Rep.Indonesia)

 

Another rare soematra repoblic card,unused with Bigger type overprin repoeblik Indonesia 15 sen type, found at sawahlunto, at the back pencil written from”Kilang Tebu Rakyat I.W. Tigo Bagai. written in Indonesia :

 

DIHARAPKAN UNTUK MENTJAPAI KEAMANAN

DIMINTAK KEPADA JANG BERWADJIB SUPAJA KESALAHAN TUAN I.SEDJATI JANG MENDJUAL GULA PASIR SUPAJA MENDJADI PERHATIAN KALAU URANG LAIN DISELIDIKI BETULKAH DIA NICA APA TIDAK,SUDAH SEPANTASNJA DIA DITAHAN DALM KAMAR KEINSJAFAN UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI DJIWANJA KARENA OTOMATIS PEKERDJAANNJA TELAH MENJAMAI NICA JG MERUSAKKAN EKONOMI RAKYJAT.SEKIRANJA DIBIARKAN MUNGKIN MUNGKIN KEMAUANJA TERGANGGU”(THIS WAS THE BLACMAIL LETTER ,IN iNDONESIAN CALLED SURAT KALENG)

HOW INTERSTING HISTORIC AND POSTAL HISTORY  (COLLECTIONS.COURTECY Dr Iwan).

(the historic collections,courtecy dr Iwan suwandy).

Illustration of Kol.A.H. Nasoetion during actie politioneel pertama july 1947

 

illustrationKasman Singodimejo

 

,wongsonegoro,

 

Illustration of Mr Moh roem  at Tebing Tinggi east sumatra near politional action 1 july 1947

 

illustration of  Mr.Maria Ulfah Santoso , social menistry  also at tebing tinggi

 

illustration of the national heros from medan Are commad tanjongmorawa near Medan:Abdul manaf lubis,Selamat Ketaren,Ahmad syamsir and Moh.Yakub Lubis (read the storu of Medan area)

 

west sumatra police hero Police Commisaris johnny anwar cs picture in 1947

 

Medan is the east, south of Medan, Medan Medan west and north.

 And so did divide Medan on 4 the same sector, and thus they are directly confronted with us

At troops during the Dutch Military Aggression to the I,

the Dutch launched an offensive against the forces of Indonesia to all sectors.

 Resistance to the Dutch almost a week, and after that the troops withdrew from Medan RI Area.

Conclusion:

The battle in Medan Area is the most fierce resistance and long in East Sumatra, which lasted nearly two years.

In this event is to motivate young people and fighters who do not want occupation, accompanied by a tenacious attitude and never give up.

 But even so no matter how strong the motivation, without based on cooperation and good coordination, each activity can fail. History has proved how bitter this state.

(The author is pejoang ’45 and former prisoners)

 

 

 

 

Surabaya, Indonesia :

 Dutch marines pull a bridge near Surabaya. The bridge was the Corps built in 48 hours. ANPFOTO / ANP.09/09/1946


Dutch marines wading their troop transport to the coast of Pasir Poetih at the beginning of the first police action, East Java, Indonesia, July 21, 1947.



pasukan Belanda mendarat Pasir Poetih, seratus kilometer sebelah timur Probolinggo (Jawa, Indonesia) pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,


DUTCH POLITIONEEL ACTION I

first Dutch “police action”: Dutch troops occupy West Java, East Java, Madura, Semarang, Medan, Palembang, Padang, bomb many cities.

July,21th.1947

 

Agresi Militer Belanda I

 

 

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

Belanda melancarkan Agresi Militer dan mulai merebut tempat-tempat penting yang ada di Jawa dan Sumatera, karena dua tempat ini adalah yang secara de facto diakui sebagai wilayah RI.

 Adanya Agresi Militer ini menyebabkan terganggunya keamanan sehingga Polisi RI juga dikerahkan di garis depan untuk menjaga keamanan dan ketertiban masyarakat.

nda. Fungsi ketentaraan ini dijalankan oleh Korps Mobile Brigade yang membantu perjuangan tentara melawan agresi Belanda.

Perlawan terhadap Agresi Militer I di Daerah-daerah

Sumatera Timur

Pada tanggal 21 Juli 1947,

 pasukan Belanda menyerang kedudukan pasukan RI di Medan Barat dan Medan Utara.

Parapat
Pasukan Mobbrig Resimen I Brigade XI yang dipimpin Mayor Kadiran juga turut berjuang di Parapat untuk menahan laju pasukan Belanda yang akan menuju Tapanuli. Di Parapat pasukan Mobbrig bahu membahu bersama penduduk setempat untuk membuat halang-rintang untuk menyulitkan gerak maju pasukan musuh. Namun dalam pertempuran pasukan MB mengalami kekalahan karena persenjataan Belanda yang lebih lengkap.

Palembang
Dalam rangka menahan pasukan Belanda masuk lebih jauh ke dalam Palembang pasukan Mobbrig melakukan perlawanan di daerah Modong. Pada pertempuran tersebut pasukan Mobbrig berhasil membakar sebuah kapal Belanda, namun tentara Belanda berhasil menghancurkan kantor Polisi Modong.

Jawa Barat
Jawa Barat merupakan salah satu wilayah yang banyak terjadi pertempuran pada saat Agresi Belanda I. Beberapa daerah yang menjadi medan pertempuran diantaranya Karawang, Cirebon, Indramayu, Sukabumi, Bandung Utara, dan Bandung Selatan. Pada setiap pertempuran pasukan Polisi selalu turut berjuang melawan tentarasampai titik darah penghabisan.

Jawa Tengah
Jawa Tengah tidak luput dari incaran serangan pasukan Belanda, beberapa daerah yang menjadi incaran belanda diantaranya Pekalongan dan Banyumas. Pada penyerangan ini Belanda berhasil menekan pasukan Polisi namun mereka tidak gentar, bersama para pemuda setempat mereka terus melakukan perlawanan dengan sengit dan pantang menyerah.

Jawa Timur
Jawa Timur juga menjadi area pertempuran yang sengit antara pasukan Belanda dengan pejuang RI. Beberapa daerah yang menjadi medan pertempuran diantaranya Malang, Mojokerto, Madura, dan Bondowoso. Pasukan Polisi kembali mengadakan perlawanan sepeti di daerah lainnya dengan persenjataan seadanya namun bersama dengan pemuda setempat mereka terus melakukan perlawanan terhadap agresi Belanda.

Pembentukan Polisi Keamanan (PK)
Setelah perundingan Renville, dibentuklah satuan Polisi Keamanan yang berfungsi untuk menjaga keamanan di sepanjang garis demarkasi. Beberapa tugas mereka adalah :

  • mencegah masuknya mata-mata musuh ke daerah RI
  • mencegah adanya bahan-bahan makanan dan ternak ke daerah musuh
  • membasmi kejahatan dalam bentuk perampokan di sekitar daerah status quo karena sering dimanfaatkan
  • mengawal para pembesar RI dan KTN yang hendak meninjau keadaan di sekitar status quo.
  • perampok untuk melakukan kejahat an di daerah RI

 

 

(a)The Republic indonesia’menistry who stayed at Jakarta, Vice Prime Menistry Dr A.K. Gani protest the Dutch  action(tindakaan yang tidak senonoh , and the Dutch “menusir” the Republic Indonesia Leader at Jakarta ,included the Major(Walikota) Suewirjo.

(b)On July,21th.1947

On this day, Dutch aeroplane”Mustang”  boombing Binjei with the land army attack with tank ,also Infantry soldiers with many trucks which made all the medan area sector were attack. At the afternoon Pancur Batu occupied by Dutch.

(c) July,21th.1947

The position of Chief of Police City of Padang Challenging encounter resistance to Dutch rule with his minions can last up to the launch by the Dutch Military Aggression I (21-7-1947). Military action Holland around Padang I was preceded by the arrest of officials of the Republic of Indonesia (civil servants and police), including Police Commissioner Johny Anwar II. Since the start of the Dutch Military Aggression I launched, civil servants and police officers WHO left the Republicans in the city of Padang and moved to areas outside the city of Indonesia. Official hours of date

The dutch version

Events leading to the ‘Police Actions’
The Netherlands did not recognise the declaration of Indonesian independence after the Japanese surrender in the Pacific, and together with British forces succeeding in fully reoccupying all constituent islands except Java and Sumatra, on which there were continuing skirmishes between Dutch and Republican troops. Eventually a ceasefire was declared and negotiations took place leading to a political accord in the Agreement of Linggadjati

Police actions.

The police actions (Dutch: politionele acties), known in Indonesia asAgresi Militer Belanda (Dutch Military Aggression), were the two military operations that the Netherlands undertook on Java and Sumatra against the Republic of Indonesia to reestablish colonial rule after World War II. The first operation took place from July 21 until August 5, 1947,

 

First Police Action (Operatie Product)
Dutch Military Action I
The first ‘police action’ took place following Dutch assertions that Indonesia cooperated insufficiently in the implementation of the Agreement, which had been ratified on March 25, 1947 by the lower chamber of the Dutch parliament

Operatie Product, set up by General Simon Spoor, was supposed to lead to the occupation of the economically important areas in West and East Java, leaving Yogyakarta, seat of the Republican government, alone because of the high costs that the fighting was expected to incur. ‘

This operation actually did result in the occupation of large parts of Java and Sumatra, since the Republican army (TNI) offered only weak resistance. Nevertheless, the TNI and its allies continued to conduct guerilla operations in Dutch-controlled territory.

.

July,22th.1947

Hari berikutnya 22 juli 1947

, Belanda berhasil menembus ke Medan Timur. Belanda juga berhasil menduduki Tebing-tinggi dan Pematang Siantar. Pasukan Mobbrig terpaksa mundur karena kalah persenjataan namun mereka melakukan serangan balasan ke Pematang Siantar bersama pasukan TNI dan laskar-laskar perjuangan

Action by the Dutch invasion began on 22 July 1947 with simultaneous in all fronts, both in east and south, and west and north, seranggan done secra massive and orderly, so that for several time, the defense can be penetrated Indonesian republic. Pancur important place like stone, Binjei, Stabat fall into the hands Netherlands. with disappointment it must be admitted, that the Indonesian republic defense organization in this area has not quite perfect, this is already an estimated two or three days before the Dutch invaded. Front relationships with other fronts less than perfect, cooperation among lasjkar, Soldiers and members of the Government is not satisfactory. Gained the impression, every front act ats will and their own way both in lasjkar as well as by the army. Unity of command is long before the invasion of the Netherlands has been designed and the ideals of the people there. For the umpteenth time, it turns out, that victory will not be obtained because there is no unity among those responsible, is also undeniable, that preformance maintain Timoer Sumatra Regional republic, there have been actions that can not be held responsible, as practiced by some members Lasjkar People who participate in regional memeprtahankan Indonesian republic. Instructions issued regarding the implementation of Scorched Earth is not obeyed, the streets are important for transportation, as well as the bridges are not destroyed. In contrast, other objects that must be maintained properly destroyed instead finished. this led to the Dutch Army can be easily launched its attack quickly to pedalaman.Sedangkan can be expected, that their attacks will not be able to make progress. if the instructions on the scorched earth policy carried out by sempurna.Pemusnahan occurring, especially in shops and goods belonging Chinese, while the instruction on scorched earth and the soul requires to mepertahankan’s residents, both native and asing.Pemusnahan nation without the right reasons, such as property tionghoa population is detrimental to foreign countries in view of (SMAmin, My Life Journey ten windhu, PT Crescent Star .Jakarta, 1987)

original info:

Aksi penyerbuan oleh  Belanda dimulai pada 22 juli 1947 dengan serentak diseluruh front, baik di timur dan selatan, maupun di barat dan utara, seranggan dilakukan secra besar-besaran dan teratur, sehingga dalam bebrapa waktu saja ,pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia  dapat ditembus. tempat yang penting seperti Pancur batu,Binjei,Stabat jatuh ketangan Belanda. dengan kecewa  harus diakui,bahwa organisasi pertahanan repoeblik Indonesia di area ini  belum cukup sempurna, hal ini sudah diperkirakan dua atau tiga hari sebelum Belanda menyerbu. Hubungan satu Front dengan front lainnya kurang sempurna, kerjasama antar lasjkar ,Tentara dan anggota  Pemerintah tidak memuaskan . Diperoleh kesan,tiap front bertindak atas kemauan dan caranya sendiri-sendiri baik di lasjkar maupun oleh tentara. Persatuan komando yang lama sebelum penyerbuan  Belanda telah dirancang  dan menjadi cita-cita rakyat tidak ada. Untuk kesekian kalinya ternyata, bahwa  kemenangan tidak akan diperoleh karena persatuan tidak terdapat diantara mereka yang bertanggung jawab, Tidak pula dapat disangkal, bahwa dalm mempertahankan Daerah Repoeblik Sumatera Timoer, telah terjadi tindakan-tindakan yang tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkan,seperti yang dilakukan oleh beberapa anggota Lasjkar Rakyat yang ikut serta dalam memeprtahankan daerah Repoeblik Indonesia. Instruksi yang dikeluarkan mengenai pelaksanaan Bumi Hangus tidak dipatuhi, jalan-jalan yang penting bagi perhubungan, demikian juga jembatan-jembatan tidak dimusnahkan. Sebaliknya,obyek-obyek lain yang harus dipelihara dengan baik malah habis dimusnahkan . hal ini menyebabkan Tentara Belanda dapat dengan mudah melancarkan serangannya dengan cepat ke pedalaman.Sedangkan dapat diperkirakan, bahwa serangan mereka itu tidak akan dapat memperoleh kemajuan .apabila instruksi mengenai bumi hangus dilaksanakan dengan sempurna.Pemusnahan yang terjadi, terutama pada Toko-toko dan Barang milik orang Tionghoa, sedangkan instruksi mengenai bumi hangus mewajibkan untuk mepertahankan jiwa dan milik penduduk,baik asli maupun bangsa asing.Pemusnahan tanpa alasan yang benar,seperti harta milik penduduk tionghoa ini merugikan Negara dalam pandangan luar negeri(S.M.Amin,Perjalanan Hidupku sepuluh windu, PT Bulan Bintang.Jakarta,1987

July,23th.1947

 

the original document of Ketua dewan Pertahanan Daerah aceh  T.T.Moh.Faoedsjah ,for salina G.siahaan, about”PENDJELASAN TENTANG PERATORAN DEWAN PERTAHANAN NEGARA NO.19″ (The state Pertahanan Board Regulation no 19,this collection found at beure

 

 

 

 

un from Dr iwan’s friend at Blang Bladeh.)

July 24th.1947

20,000 march in anti-war demonstration in Amsterdam.

July,26th.1947

The next new issue was dated 26 July 1947, and consisted of ½, 2½, 25, 50, 100, and 250 rupiah notes.

July,27th.1947

Police actions and the transfer of sovereignty

Diametrically opposed
After the Japanese surrender, the Dutch hoped for a return to the pre-war situation. The nationalists were seeking recognition of the Indonesian Republic. Both parties were diametrically opposed to each other. The British liberators demanded that the Dutch negotiate with the nationalists. But the negotiations were difficult. The Netherlands refused to recognise a fully independent Indonesia.

‘Restore calm and order’
The Netherlands expanded its armed forces in Indonesia with volunteers and conscripts from the Netherlands. On 20 July 1947, Dutch troops entered Republican territory to ‘restore calm and order’.

 

. There was heavy fighting, in which thousands of Dutch people and tens of thousands of Indonesians were killed.

 

 

(a) The rare and historic Markas Pertempoeran Komado Medan are travel Pass from  Tandjong,morawa to tebing Tinggi for Mr Bachroem driver of Medan area Head quater to pick the belongins to Tebing tinggi with note:diminta kepada segala badan2 Pemerintah serta segenap lapisan dan golongan Rakjat Indonesi ,soepaja diberi bantoean sepenoeh2nja dimana perloe dan perdjalannja jangan dihalangi”(asking help from the govewumment and people)

 

(b)On July,27th.1947 o6.00 in the morning(AM) with the landing ship tank ,the Dutch army  from Palembang landing at Pantai cermin to attack Medan Area from behind.The Indonesian Navy armed forced at Pantai cermin and Tanjung Beringin lead by Leutenan G.Z.Marpaung cannot suncced to counter the Dutch attack and fle with other another army and “Membumi Hangus” Perbaungan city, and after conquer Medan Area, the Dutch armed forces attack Tebng Tinggi and Pematang siantar.

. Dutch Military action I (the first Indonesia War of Independence )at Kuala Tungkal Jambi

On July 27, 1947 the Dutch launched Military Action First, many big cities in Java and Sumatra, is attacked and occupied. Unlike other cities in jambi not directly repetition on a large scale attack, but the Dutch further enhance its economic blockade and psychological warfare that had begun before the First Military Action. Thus, only Jambi in Sumatra and Aceh are not attacked the Dutch in the first military action.

Dutch did not attack Jambi massively since it is estimated that Edinburgh has a full arsenal imported from abroad, because at that time had mamur jambi, the results of barternya trade with Singapore has heavy weapons such as cannons Anti Air Craft (AAC), Machine Gun 12 , 7 in addition to senajata-light weapons.

Jambi communicated waters with the outside world such as Kuala Enok, Kuala Tungkal, Sea Village guarded by Dutch warships. Merchant ships passing through the inspection, which brought goods seized and persons arrested suspected

July 29th.1947.

(a)Indonesian forces launch bombing raids on Semarang, Ambarawa and Salatiga with three surviving planes. The Dutch had previously claimed to have destroyed the entire Air Force

(b)On Wednesday July 29, 1947, a week after the attack by the Dutch started, received official news of his fall the hands of the Dutch town of High Cliff. This news received at the inn Vice President Moh.hatta in Siantar, when he had arrived there preformance framework of its journey around the entire Sumatra.  this bad info, as was first calculated, received by the vice president when he was with Governor Young at the  North Sumatra hotel , and other high official, with calm  he decide to do immediate evacuation immediately. Vice President with the Governor of Sumatra Mr. Mohammad Hasan Justin can get out of town Siantar safely, as well as a number of other authorities, such as Dr. Sunaryo, only vehicles were targeted shot from above so that the fire, lucky fate, Dr. Sunaryo can save himself. SM.AMIN cannot out from Kota Pematang siantar, when the his every day belongings(pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari ) put in the car which bring other goverment official(sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerintah), some aeroplane flying on the city(beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diatas kota Pematang siantar),  Yung Governor  S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city at upper  Siantar the Young Governor S. M. AMIN no longer be able to rid themselves out of the city Siantar, when the goods of daily needs are being loaded into cars which will transport it along with several officers pemerimntah, several airplanes roaring city diats Siantar . The shot returned from below, so there was a shootout with the exclamation, reply back that lasted nearly an hour lamanya.Maksud to leave the city can not be implemented. along with the atmosphere of a shootout with the aircraft, the sound of the Dutch tanks entered the town and shortly thereafter, the residence of the Governor of Sumatra, where the governor was Young SM Amin, has been besieged by the Dutch army, and they ordered the Governor Young SM Amin was taken to a place to examined. Tinfakan first conducted by the leader of the Dutch army against the population Siantar adalh mengiring each population of men who had grown a certain place for inspection. This examination is conducted in a manner that is not penganiayaaan, sec; laipun as kekecualiaan, some residents experiencing a treatment not wjar. Long-haired young man suffered a bad fate, they had to listen carefully to boil the words of criticism, ridicule and contempt poured upon them by the examiner of the Dutch army consisting of Indonesia, Ambon and Indonesia-jawa.After each Inspected examined, each of which has allowed to go home .

original info:

Pada hari rabu tanggal 29 Juli 1947, seminggu setelah penyerangan oleh belanda dimulai, diterima berita resmi tentang jatuh nya kota Tebing Tinggi ketangan Belanda. berita ini  diterima di tempat penginapan Wakil Presiden Moh.hatta di Pematang Siantar, saat beliau telah tiba disana dalm rangka perjalannya mengelilingi seluruh sumatra. Kabr buruk ini, seperti yang sudah terlebih dahulu diperhitungkan, diterima oleh wakil Presiden saat beliau berada dipenginapan bersama Gubernur Muda Sumatra Utara, dan beberapapembesar lainnya, dengan tena ng beliau memutuskan  agar segera dilakukan pengungsian saat itu juga. Wakil Presiden bersama Gubernur Sumatra Mr Teuku Mohammad Hasan dapat keluar dari kota pematang siantar dengan selamat, demikian juga dengan sejumlah pembesar lain,seperti dr Sunaryo, hanya kendaraannya menjadi sasaran tembakan dari atas sehingga terbakar, mujur nasibnya ,dr sunaryo dapat menyelamatkan dirinya. Gubernur Muda S>M>AMIn tidak dapat lagi menyingkirkan diri keluar dari Kota Pematang siantar, pada saat barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari sedang dimuat ke dalam mobil yang akan mengangkutnya beserta beberapa petugas pemerimntah, beberapa pesawat terbang menderu-deru diats kota Pematang siantar. Tembakannya dibalas dari bawah, sehingga terjadilah tembak-menembak dengan seru,balas membalas yang berlangsung hampir satu jam lamanya.Maksud untuk meninggalkan kota tidak dapat dilaksanakan . seiring dengan suasana tembak-menembak dengan pesawat udara, terdengar suara tank Belanda memasuki kota dan tidak lama kemudian, rumah kediaman Gubernur Sumatra, dimana Gubernur Muda SM Amin berada,telah dikepung oleh tentara Belanda, dan mereka memerintahkan Gubernur Muda SM AMin dibawa kesuatu tempat untuk diperiksa. Tinfakan pertama yang dilakukan oleh pemimpin Tentara Belanda terhadap penduduk Pematang Siantar adalah mengiring setiap penduduk laki-laki yang sudah dewasa ketempat tertentu untuk diperiksa. Pemeriksaan ini dilakukan dengan cara yang tidak bersifat penganiayaaan , sekalipun sebagai kekecualiaan, beberapa penduduk mengalamai perlakuan tidak wjar. Pemuda yang berambut gondrong mengalami nasib buruk, mereka terpaksa mendengar dengan hati mendidih kata-kata kecaman,ejekan dan hinaan yang ditumpahkan atas mereka oleh pemeriksa dari tentara belanda yang terdiri dari Indonesia-ambon dan Indonesia-jawa.Selesai diperiksa, masing-masing yang telah diperiksa diijinkan pulang ke rumah masing-masing.

July 29, 1947

was date of the first air operation by the newborn air force as three surviving aircraft, comprising two Yokosuka K5Y1 Willow(Cureng) and a Mitsubishi Ki-51 Sonia (the fourth aircraft, a Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar (Hayabusha), should also have been involved in the raid, but as of when it was launched, the aircraft was not airworthy) conducted air raids at dawn on the Dutch Army barracks in Semarang, Salatiga and Ambarawa, dropping incendiary bombs.

Tactically, these raids did not have any effect on the Dutch positions, but psychologically, it was a great success as it proved that the Indonesian Air Force still existed

July 30th.1947

(a)Young students blow up a bridge at Bumiayu, preventing Dutch forces from taking Purwokerto.USA and Britain are unhappy with the “police action”; India, Australia, and the Soviet Union support the Republic of Indonesia in the UN. Refugees pour into Central Java. Australia boycotts Dutch shipping.

 

A Dutch vehicle fords a stream on Java, after the bridge has been blown up by Indonesian forces.


Republik Indonesia 100 Rupiah note, 1947.

(b) On July 30, 1947, the Netherlands held a meeting with the republican party (represented by the Governor of North Sumatra Young SM AMIN), while istansi Sumatra Governor has managed to rid himself, aided by the head of the Bureau and other t8inggi employees, while the Netherlands comes from Recomba Dr. JU. vd Velde, Gerritsen Resident, Chief Resident Nevis Forch and assisetn Schuyf.

At the end of the meeting, the Netherlands announced that Republican officials are not forbidden to continue working as usual. several days, after this meeting, for a small proportion of the republic pegaewai masik entering their workplace, as usual, they are apparently still has confidence in carrying out duties in the interest of DAPT Nusa and the nation. however, gradually kepervcayaan and this work will disappear. Dutch announcement then, that the Government of the republic no longer exists in the areas they had occupied and Republican officials are given the opportunity to choose one of two that work continues as the Dutch East Indies government employees or stopped. this is addressed by Republican officials ZKorps very satisfactory, with beebrapa unless they chose to stop in its entirety. Semangat people in general are also satisfactory, they still voted Republican and still be anti Belanda.Mereka NICA rejected payment with money and some are fighting a war with weapons outside the city. beturut few nights in a row since the army occupied the city belands Siantar, still ongoing eruption sound cannons and rifles pounding, a sign bahw arakyat in cooperation with the Army of the Republic, still menus nukkan loyalty to the republic.

In the beginning of the occupation of the Netherlands, for some time, the Regional Government of the Republic can still be acting independently of government actions. mas in this short period, the agency responsible still can take the following actions tindkan-greetings order to run pemerinrtahan:

(A) Establish an agency under the name “People’s advocates and agency officials” in order to provide cash assistance to every person who should be helped. Fonds this agency is that the money can still be saved from penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini began granting aid to the civil servants who were expelled from the house he lived and juaga temapt to those who want to evacuate. (B) Printing and spread throughout the city, radio broadcasts from the Yogya considered essential for the maintenance of morale pendudk city. By Usha, the residents stay up to date and the settlement of disputes between the Dutch Republic. Also the President’s speech broadcast over radio Yogja, the vice president’s speech broadcast on radio Bukittinggi and speeches from some other republican authorities, greatly enhance the spirit of the people (until now I have not found this printed matter, notes Dr. Iwan) (c) send the to the village of Java Land some strategists to examine the validity of the report is received about the murder and mayhem on a large upper Lasjkar besran by the King family oarng siamlungun and Chinese as well as issuing leaflets to every resident memperingatan didnot  until disturbed security and tranquility of the population of Indonesia, other nations also sepertu people tionghoa, Arabia and India should also be maintained. (d) Taking action in the override of chaos as a result of the Dutch Republic to eliminate money and money from suggested  circulated Nippon papermoney  with hidden and lighting provided in the community to menolakj NICA money and keep money memepergunakan republic and Nippon money. (e) Establish and maintain good relations with the army and Lasjkar surviving outside kota.Bantuan delivered to those who persist in jambi Bah, approximately 13 miles from Siantar. To them also delivered pamphlets menegani state area, pidarto president and vice president as well as other pamphlets that are considered they needed to know.

original info:

Pada tanggal 30 Juli 1947 ,pihak Belanda mengadakan pertemuan dengan pihak republik (diwakili Gubernur Muda sumatra Utara SM AMIN), sedangkan istansi  Gubernur Sumatera telah berhasil menyingkirkan diri,dibantu oleh kepala Jawatan dan pegawai t8inggi lainnya, sedangkan dari pihak belanda hadir Recomba Dr JU.v.d. Velde ,Residen Gerritsen,Kepala Nevis Forch dan assisetn Resident Schuyf.

Pada akhir pertemuan, Belanda  memberitahukan bahwa pegawai Republik tidak dilarang bekerja terus seperti biasa. beberapa hari lamanya ,sesudah pertemuan ini,pegaewai republik untuk sebagain kecil masik memasuki tempat kerja mereka sebagaimana biasa, mereka ini rupanya masih mempunyai kepercayaan dapat melaksanakan tugas demi kepentingan Nusa dan bangsa. akan tetapi, lambat laun kepervcayaan dan kemauan kerja ini menghilang. Pengumuman Belanda kemudian, bahwa Pemerintah republik tidak ada lagi di daerah yang mereka duduki dan pegawai Republik diberikan kesempatan memilih salah satu dari dua yaitu bekerja terus sebagai pegawai pemerintah hindia belanda atau berhenti. hal ini ditanggapi oleh ZKorps pegawai Republik dengan sangat memuaskan, dengan beebrapa kecuali,mereka dalam keseluruhannya memilih berhenti. Sremangat rakyat pada umumnya juga memuaskan, mereka tetap memilih Republik dan tetap bersikap anti Belanda.Mereka menolak pembayaran dengan uang NICA dan ada juga yang melakukan perlawanan dengan senjata diluar kota. beberapa malam beturut-turut sejak tentara belands menduduki kota Pematang siantar, masih terus menerus kedengaran letusan meriam dan dentuman senapan, suatu tanda bahw arakyat dalam kerja sama dengan Tentara Republik, masih tetap menu nukkan kesetiaan terhadap republik.

Dalam permulaan pendudukan Belanda, beberapa saat lamanya, Pemerintah Daerah Republik masih dapat bertindak bebas melakukan tindakan-tindakan pemerintah. dalam mas yang singkat ini, instansi yang bertanggung jawab masih dapt mengambil tindkan-tindakan berikut salam rangka menjalankan pemerinrtahan :

(a) Membentuk suatu Badan dengan nama”Badan Penyokong Rakyat dan Pegawai” dalam rangka memberikan bantuan uang kepada setiap orang yang patut dibantu. Fonds badan ini adalah uang yang masih dapat diselamatkan dari penyitaaan Belanda.Badan 9ini memeberikan bantuan kepada pegawai negeri yang diusir dari rumah temapt tinggalnya dan juaga pada mereka yang ingin mengungsi.(b) Mencetak dan menyebar diseluruh kota, siaran-siaran radio dari Yogja yang dianggap penting demi pemeliharaan semangat pendudk kota. Dengan usha ini, penduduk tetap mengetahui perkembangan penyelesaian pertikaian antara Republik dan belanda. JUga pidato Presiden yang disiarkan melalui radio Yogja,pidato wakil Presiden yang disiarkan radio Bukittinggi dan pidato dari beberapa pembesar republik lainnya, sangat mempertinggi semangat penduduk(sampai sekarang saya  belum menemukan barang cetakan ini-note Dr iwan)

(c) Mengirmkan ke kampung Tanah Jawa beberapa penyiasat untuk memeriksa benar tidaknya bunyi laporan yang diterima tentang pembunuhan dan penganiayaan secara besar-besran oleh Lasjkar atas keluarga Raja siamlungun dan oarng Tionghoa serta mengeluarkan surat selebaran yang memperingatan setiap penduduk supaya janagn sampai terganggu keamanan dan ketentraman penduduk Indonesia ,juga bangsa lain sepertu orang tionghoa,Arab dan India juga harus dipelihara.(d) Mengambil Tindakan dalam mengatsi kekacauan sebagai akibat dari  pihak belanda untuk melenyapkan uang Republik dan uang Nippon dari peredzaran.Anjuran dan penerangan secra sembunyi diberikan pada masyarakat agar menolakj uang NICA dan tetap memepergunakan uang republik dan uang Nippon.(e) Mengadakan dan memelihara hubungan baik dengan tentara dan Lasjkar yang masih bertahan di luar kota.Bantuan yang disampaikan pada mereka yang bertahan di Bah jambi,kurang lebih 13 km dari pematang siantar. Kepada mereka juga disampaikan surat selebaran menegani keadaan daerah,pidarto presiden dan wakil presiden serta lain-lain surat selebaran yang dianggap perlu mereka ketahui.(ibid SM Amin,1978)

On July 30 1947

 India and Australia placed the Indonesian conflict before the UN Security Council. The UN Security Council decided to appoint a Good Offices Committee of representatives from the US, Australia and Belgium to mediate the conflict, establish a cease-fire and promote negotiations.

 

 

 

August 1947

In August 1947,

at the height of the operation more Warship Netherlands, the Dutch ship approaching Kuala seuah Betara (Regency Tanjung Jabung), the ships are being chased by a Navy patrol boat commanded by Lieutenant Nuri I Duna (Sea) M. Sanusi as a commander with seven of his men armed with unflinching spirit of “Merdeka OR DIE”, they immediately attacked the Dutch ship and there was gunfire. Since the force is not balanced, then the ship Ship Nuri I badly damaged, two members of ALRI fall, one of them Corporal (Marine) who is buried in Dabo Remove Singkep. Nuri I ship with the whole crew was dragged to Tanjung Pinang and Lieutenant Duan (Sea) M. Sanusi who suffered severe injuries and his men captured the Dutch navy.

Meanwhile, in the plains jambi, to drop the probable community and troops, a Dutch fighter “Mustang” circling above the city of Edinburgh and shooting at the Red Paal, then fly down the Batang Hari river toward the island Uluan Weasel and a resident becomes death toll at the time. A ship hull “Kho Tek Seng” which berjhenti in Lubuk Ruso shot, the ship was carrying supplies such as oil for purposes that are Uluan troops under the command of Captain A. Chatib escorted by PT led by Lieutenant Young Ardjai. As a result of the shooting, Captain A. Chatib, Sergeant Ahmad Yunus and an officer also died at that time.

 

Pada 1 Agustus 1947,

 Mobrig dijadikan satuan militer. Dalam kapasitasnya ini, Mobrig terlibat dalam menghadapi berbagai gejolak di dalam negeri.

August 1st.1947

UN Security Council calls for cease-fire in Indonesia.

August 4Ceasefire agreed to by Dutch and Sukarno, but is ignored in the field. Dutch declare “Van Mook line” at the edge of their military advances in Java and Sumatra.Daud Beureu’eh is military governor of Aceh for the Republic

On 1 August 1947

the UN Security Council ordered a cease-fire and established a committee to broker a truce and a renewal of negotiations. The Indonesian Republic nominated Australia to sit on that committee


Pada tanggal 1 Agustus 1947

Dewan Pertahanan Negara melalui aturan No. 112 memasukkan Kepolisian Negara sebagian atau seluruhnya menjadi kesatuan tentara. Polisi dianggap perlu menjadi bagian dari militer dalam rangka mempertahankan negara RI dari rongrongan Bela

August,5th.1945

the block three local sumatra repoblik Indonesia  f.25,0 revenue, date  5.8.47 and latest 15.11,47.

 

 

August,6th,1947

(a)The Young gouvenur North sumatra,SM Amin was cuptere by the Dutch Military Police and bring to medan with Mr T>M> Hnafiah, and he stayed at Medan Major  House Mr Jusuf.

(b)On 6 August 1947, when Governor of North sumtera Young SM Amin was in Jalan Simarito 61, Mandailing villages, dikes Siantar, during visiting his mother who was elderly and dealing with him, being in severalconsidering a matter, suddenly the roar sounded  arrived a few tanks, tank was then stopped in front of the house. several members of the Dutch Military Police entered the tank and turn drai perkaranagn house, climbed the house and ordered him to join them. His mother panicked state, for he can placate it. He parted with his mother and by the Dutch Military Police he was taken to Hotel Siantar. Here SM AMIN Schuyf examined by the Assistant Resident, and at the end of the examination she stated, DAPT does not endorse any of the SM Amin tindkan done since Siantar occupied Holland, and he said so, “Sir will be taken to Medan. Areas that have been occupied by the Dutch. Pemrintah Republic no longer exists “.

 also present in this examination Mr.T. M Hanafi, a lawyer who was appointed with SM Amin to Hotel siantar.kemudian together with A. Mutalib Moro (deputy Attorney General), SM Amin transported to Medan with a fairly stringent safeguards. Arriving at the field, SM Amin is allowed to stay at home Mr.Muhammad Joseph (Republican Mayor in Medan), Muralib transported Moro continues to Belawan, Diman he ditahn along with members of the army repoeblik.AM Amin was arrested on the field since 6 August smapi 15 September 1947, approximately 40 days lamanya.selama 40 days, the mayor of a ride home Mr. Mohammad Yusuf.

original Info:(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada tanggal 6 agustus 1947, sewaktu Gubernur Muda suamtera Utara SM Amin berada di Jalan Simarito 61,kampung Mandailing,pematang Siantar, dlam mengunjungi Ibunya yang telah lanjut usia dan berhadapan dengan beliau, sedang dalam mempertimbangkan bebrapa soal, tiba tiba kedengaran deru beberapa tank ,tank itu kemudian berhenti di depan rumah. beberapa anggota Polisi Militer Belanda turn drai tank dan memasuki perkaranagn rumah,menaiki rumah dan memerintahkan ia untuk ikut mereka.

Keadaan Ibunya menjadi panik, untuk ia dapat menentramkannya. Ia berpisah dengan ibunya dan oleh Polisi Militer Belanda ia dibawa ke Hotel siantar.

 Disini SM AMIn diperiksa oleh Assisten resident Schuyf, dan pada akhir pemeriksaan ia menyatakan, tidak dapt menyetujui segala tindakan yang SM Amin lakukan sejak Pematang siantar dikuasai Belanda, dan katanya seterusnya:” Tuan akan dibawa ke Medan. Didaerah yang telah diduduki oleh belanda. pemrintah Republik tidak ada lagi”. hadir juga dalam pemeriksaan ini Mr.T>M Hanafiah,pengacara yang diangkat bersama SM Amin ke Hotel siantar.

kemudian bersama dengan A.Mutalib Moro(wakil Jaksa Agung), SM Amin diangkut ke Medan dengan penjagaan yang cukup ketat. Setibanya di medan,SM Amin diijinkan menginap di rumah Mr.Muhammad Yusuf(Walikota Republik di Medan),Muralib Moro diangkut terus ke Belawan,diman ia ditahn bersama dengan angota tentara repoeblik.AM Amin ditahan di medan sejak 6 agustus smapi 15 september 1947,lebih kurang 40 hari lamanya.selama 40 hari ,menumpang dirumah walikota Mr Muhammad Yusuf.

 

August,8th.1947


Carriers advancing on Salatiga August 8th, 1947
The tall man in the foreground is Sgt. Bill

August,13th.1947

St.Sjahrir and Haji Agus salim arrived at Lake Succes  airportduring join the United Nation Meeting in this day and the picture of them with unidentified person.(four photos)

 

August,14th.1947

 DI/TII JAWA BARAT

 

Sekarmadji Marijan Kartosuwiryo merupakan komisaris Partai Masyumi wilayah Jawa Barat. Ia mempunyai ide akan mendirikan Negara Islam Indonesia sudah sejak tahun 1942. Upaya Kartosuwiryo tersebut diawali dengan mendirikan pesantren Sufah yang digunakan untuk latihan kemiliteran bagi pemuda-pemuda Islam khususnya Hizbullah dan Sabilillah serta digunakan untuk menyebarkan propaganda pembentukan “Negara Islam”.

 

Pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1947 setelah Agresi Militer Belanda I, Kartosuwiryo menyatakan “perang suci” melawan Belanda.

 

Gerakan Kartosuwiryo semakin tidak sejalan dengan pemerintah RI ketika berdasarkan perjanjian Renville ”pasukan TNI di daerah kantong-kantong Gerilya harus hijrah ke wilayah yang dikuasai RI” tetapi Kartosuwiryo menolak melakukan hijrah ke wilayah RI. Kartosuwiryo bersama 4.000 orang pengikutnya memilih tetap tinggal di Jawa Barat.

 

August,16th.1947

The document of Indonesian Military Judge(Jaksa  militer TRI)  from bukit tinggi with rare official stamped TRI.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,17th.1947

 

Repoeblik Indoenesia (West sumatra Military) issued the Postal stationer for  anniversary two years Indonesia Independence with design army,tank and aeroplane, in postally used.(very rare postal history,only one ever seen in used condition..

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 Agustus 1947

Upacara pelantikan Kadet

 

 

 

 

 

Tiga orang Komandan Resimen  : Abdul Halim, REsimen I di Bukittinggi, Burhanuddin resimen II di Sungai Penuh(Kerinci) dan Ahmad HUsein Resimen III di Solok.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Komandan Divis III Banteng Kolonel Dahlan Djambek  dan Letnan Kolonel Jazid Aladin Kepala Markas Umum Divisi III dan Letnan Kolonel Ismael Lengah Komanda resimen III Divisi III Banteng.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puteri Ksatria yang sedang melaksanakan tugas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Markas Polisi Tentara Detasmen 27 Resimen IV Divisi Banteng di Riau saat peringatan 2 tahun Indonesia merdeka 17 Agustus 1947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laporan pelantikan perwira prajurit tamatan pendidikan Opsir Bukittinggi Angkatan Peratama dihadiri  oleh dari kiri  Letnan Kolonel Dahlan,Rasyid  Manggis, Mayor Alude St.Maradjo,Major  K.Rasjid. Baris Belakang dari kiri kekanan : Letnan Kolonel Hassan Basri,Mayor  Nazif Latif,kapten zainuddin, Kapten St.Muchtar, Kapten Iljas Jakub, Kapten Djamhur Djamin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pendidikan angkatan Kedua dalam latihan di Lapangan ,kapten Zainuddin dan Letnan II Rustam Djafar berada ditengah-tengah mereka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peragaan sebelum pelantikan para kadet Tamatan Pendidikan Opsir Divisi IX/Banteng dilantik.

 

 

Panji-Panji Divisi IX yang baru diserahkan oleh Residen Sumatera Barat Mr.S.M Rasjid kepada Komandan Divisi IX Kolonel Ismael Lengah diarak keliling Buktitinggi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upacra Pemakaman Mayor Rasyid di Taman Bahagia Bukittinggi  kelihatan beberapa orang perwira sekutu yang menyeberang kepihak Republik Indonesia

 

 

Pasukan-pasukan Resimen VI/IX sedang berlatih  dengan mariam  anti tank

 

 

 

Divisi Banteng  sewaktu kedatangan Presiden Sukarno Di Bukittinggi tahun 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pertemuan Komandan TNI NRI Sumatera Jenderal Major Suhardjo dengan  Datuk Simaradjo Ninik Mamak Minangkabau Sumatera Barat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,21th.1947

 

 

 

One of North Sumatra captured Japanese soldiers serving with the TNI . Senji Kasahara, captured on August 1, 1947 in Medan area

One of North Sumatra Indian captured deserters: Mohamad Amir, Corporal of the 15th Indian Corps and now captain of the TNI August 1, 1947

One of North Sumatra captured Japanese soldiers serving with the TNI . Seizo Kusaka, captured on August 1, 1947 in Medan area

   

 

The rare document of Inspectur police Boekittinggi  with official stamped “kepala Polisi Boekittinggi Pemerintah Repoeblik Indonesia

 

In Commenoration of the Survey Flight From Shanghai to Batavia
August 21-28, 1947.
(Note: Batavia is now Jakarta, Indonesia)
(Pamphlet Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)
(Front)

(Inside Left Side)

(Inside Right Side)

(Back)

 

August 1947 – Airport at Batavia
left to right
Unknown, Head of Civil Aviation of Batavia, unknown, unknown, Hugh Chen (Assistant Operations Manager CNAC), C.Y. Liu (Managing Director of CNAC), unknown, unknown and T.T. Chen
(Photo Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)

 

August 1947 – Batavia
This was the reception given by the Chinese Consul-General in Batavia for the survey flight.
from the bottom and around the table, left to right
Unknown, unknown, F.Y. Ho (Business Dept. CNAC)

unknown, Chinese Consul General Djakarta, (standing) Managing Director Knilm (Royal Dutch Indies Airline company) KLM, C.Y. Liu Managing Director CNAC, unknown, Harold Chinn (Captain of this Survey Flight)
Hugh Chen Assistant Operations Manager CNAC, T.T. Chen and top of head – unknown.
T.T. Chen was sent to Djakarta in advance of Survey Flight to arrange for receptions and accomodations.
Born in Indonesia T.T. spoke Dutch and Indonesian languages.
(Photo Courtesy of T. T. and Frieda Chen)

August,23th.1948

August,23th.1948

 

 

NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. 1948 Cover franked by Wilhelmina 3x25c blue green and 1947 ovptd. 12 1/2c orange pair tied by Batavia cds´s, underpaid and handstamped with “T” and manuscript 20c. Charged due on arrival in SWEDEN with 25ö orange tied by Abrahamsberg cds

August,27th.1947

The Republic Indonesia government recieve the “keputusan Dewan Keamanan PBB”(united Nation security Council), and asked to report the trully of  Indonesian Situation.

 

August,31th.1947

The ORI overprint Repoeblik Indonesia revenue on complete document

 

September 1947

In early  September 1947, there was a demonstration, led by some people ,

The Chinese leader, giving the impression, that  at which time they feel unhappy about people of Indonesia. Anti-republican demonstrations, they took pictures and drawings of what they see themselves sembotyan called “The brutality that has been done by soldiers and lasjkar at  several sites around the eastern Sumatran at  when Dutch entering the republic” pictures  and slogans paraded along the streets, seditious. becoming a matter of surprise, Dutch allow such demonstrations, it is different if the Netherlands is the Actor intelectual of this demonstration, demonstration i Gratitude does not lead to things that are not cool, not cause worst situation between Indonesia and the Chinese people in the city of Medan because this domostrastion  inciting nature and this action only by a group of tionghoa people t , some Chinese people who contacted SM Amin explained that “the Chinese nation never approve of this demonstration”

original info(ibid SM Amin,1978)

Pada permulaan bulan sepetmber 1947, terjadi suatu demonstrasi ,dipimpin oleh beberapa pemimpin Orang Tionghoa, memberi kesan,bahwa pada saat itu mereka merasa tidak senang terhadap orang Indonesia. Demonstrasi bersifat anti republik, mereka membawa gambar gambar dan semboyan mengenai apa yang mereka namakan” Kekejaman yang telah dilakukan oleh tentara dan lasjkar diberbagai tempat di sumatera timur pada saat Belanda memasuki daerah republik” Gambar dan slogan diarak sepanjang jalan,bersifat menghasut. mejadi suatu hal yang mengherankan,belanda mengijinkan demonstrasi yang demikian, lain halnya jika Belanda yang menjadi Aktor inteltual dari demostrasi ini, Syukur domonstrasi ini tidak mengakibatkan hal yang tidak dinginkan, tidak menimbulkan kekruhan diantara orang Indonesia dan orang tionghoa di kota Medan oleh karena domostrasi ini sifatnya menghasut dan tindakan ini hanya oleh sekelompok orang tionghoa saja, beberapa orang tionghoa yang menghubungi SM Amin menerangkan bahwa”Bangsa tionghoa sekali-kali tidak menyetujui demonstrasi ini”

Sept.2nd.1947
(a)The rare postlly usedDai Nippon 31/2 cent  postal stationer card send from Painan to Padang with  Sumatra without  Independence fund stamps 6×15 sen,2×5 cen(rate  one rupiah)

 

 

(b)the Republic Indonesia Police departemen travelling permit letter,contrasign by markas pertahan kota jogyakarta, Pemerintah Kementerian Jogyakarta, to give permission to the member of subsektor II(MPK danurdjan).

 

Diperbolehkan berjalan terus untuk menjalankan kewajibnannya diwaktu ada tanda bahaya (PBO) dan diwaktu malam ,and diberi hak mengadakan control dalam subsector II tsb.

September .3rd,1947

The State contribution tax(Ijoeran Negara)  of Agam west sumatra ,was paid in this day F.33.- with Wedana Limapoeloeh Koto Sepetmber,22th.1947

 

 

 

 

 

September,11th.1947

This day Dewi sartika had passed away

 

LANGEN SUARA RADEN DEWI SARTIKA

 

 

 

Dewi Sartika (4 December 1884 – 11 September 1947) was the leading figure and pioneer for the education for women in Indonesia. She founded the first school for women in Dutch East Indies. She was acknowledged as a National Hero by the Indonesian government in 1966….

 

 

 

September,12th.1947

The very rare Dutch Federal PTT  secret letter(geheim) about the control of hazard foreign  country printed

Batavia Center, September 12, 1947
No.687/D70/Bpt/geheim
Subject: Checking on the import of hazardous foreign countries printed
To: H (H) CKKT, CCA, Director Field Naval Post Office Postal Chef ..
SECRET

Continuation of my letter in  9 agustus j.l. no.762/D70/Bpt.geheim
Expressions of Procuteur-General received beright imports and distribution of the following foreign verschrijnende periodically prohibited:

The daily newspaper ” UTUSAN ZAMAN” issued by printed Yu’sof bin Ishak, Utusan Malaya Press Ltd., 185 A on a street Cedil Singapore.

Bijtroffen of this periodical is to ontvangbeweijs aft e hongete caught the locally-based Governance ambtenar.Op receiving the evidence should be warden stated: “Seized ingevelge writing the Attorney-General of 11 September 1947 addressed to no 3962/GBGeheim all residents in Ned.indie ”
A copy of the receipt to the department to send

bpt

sign

PJ Laemeyer

 

 

Original info in dutch language

Bataviacentrum,12 september 1947

No.687/D70/Bpt/geheim

Onderwerp:Controle on de invoer van gevaarlijke buitenlanden gedrukten

Aan :H(H)CKKT,CCA ,directeur Veldpostdienst..Chef Marinepostkantoor

GEHEIM

Vervolg mijn sechrijven van 9 agustus j.l. no.762/D70/Bpt.geheim

Blijken van de Procuteur-General ontvangen beright is de invoer en verspreiding van het volgende in het buitenland verschrijnende periodiek verboden:

Het dagblad “UTUSAN ZAMAN” uitgegeven gedrukt door Yu’of bin Ishak,Utusan Malaya Press Ltd,185 A on a Cedil street Singapore.

Bijtroffen van dit periodiek is het tegen ontvangbeweijs aft e gevangen de hongete ter plaatse gevestigde Bestuurs-ambtenar.Op het  ontvanbewijs dient te warden vermeld:”In beslag genomen ingevelge het schrijven de Procureur-general van 11 September 1947 no 3962/G.B.Geheim gericht aan alle Residenten in Ned.indie”

Een afschrift van het ontvangbewijs is aan deze afdeling op te zenden

Bpt,

Sign

P.J.Laemeyer

September,12th.1947

 

The Aceh local NRI paper Money Rp 2.50 sign by Residen Atjeh,Perwakilan Bank Negara Koetarasdja pengoeroes keuangan Keresidenan Atjeh

Seri ORIDA (Oeang Republik Indonesia Daerah Atjeh), 1947-1948

50 (Lima Puluh) Sen, Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-622)

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

1 (Satu) Rupiah, Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-623)

 

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

2,50 (Dua) Rupiah (Lima Puluh Sen), Koetaradja, September 15, 1947 (KUKI H-624)

 

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers
  • 3 characters (1st and 2nd capitals, 3rd lower-case and always an ‘a’) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

5 (Lima) Rupiah, Koetaradja, January 15, 1948 (KUKI H-627)

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals) and 5 numbers

Signatures:

  • Peng. Oeang Negara Keresidenan Atjeh – A. Muid
  • Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah
  • Perw. Bank Negara Koetaradja – Unknown

The reverse of the note in the picture is printed upside-down.

10 (Sepuluh) Rupiah, Koetaradja, January 15, 1948 (KUKI H-628)

 

 

 

Serial identification: 2 characters (capitals, only ‘SI’ & ‘ZQ’ are known) and 5 numbers

Signature:  Residen Atjeh –  M. Daud Sjah

This note only occurs with two large holes in the paper, one on the center left side and one on the center right side. There is a lot of speculation about the possible origin of these holes. there are even stories about mice eating their way through a bundle of these notes.

The following observations can be made:

  • the holes in each of the five notes that are known to me have similar shapes. The right hole has a point downwards while the point in the left hole always points upwards
  • the border of the holes show the characteristics of torn paper, not cutted or perforated
  • two notes in my possesion both show light vertical folds from top to bottom of the note, right through the center of the holes (see the red lines in the picture below)

After careful study, my theory is as follows:

In order to make these notes invalid, they were folded where I marked the notes with a red line.

 

Next, someone took the note on one side and tore out a piece of paper, between finger and thumb.

 

Then, the note was turned 180 degrees and again a piece was torn out in the same way.

 

The above steps result in the note having two holes: the right hole having a point pointing downwards while the point in the left hole always points upwards.

Seri URIPSU (Uang Republik Indonesia Propinsi Sumatera Utara), 1949

250 (Dua Lima Ratus Puluh) Rupiah, Kutaradja, March 1, 1949 (KUKI H-629)

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 5 numbers and 2 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd is lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 2 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd is a capital)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd is lower-case, 3rd is a capital)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd and 3rd are lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st is a capital, 2nd and 3rd are lower-case)
  • 6 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower-case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals) reported but not verified

A common forgerie exist of this note with a serial identification of 6 numbers and 3 characters ‘ccF’

Signature: Gubernur Sumatera Utara –  Mr. S.M. Amin

250 (Dua Lima Ratus Puluh) Rupiah, Kutaradja, March 1, 1949 (KUKI H-630)

 

 

 

Serial identification:

  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st and 2nd are capitals, 3rd is lower-case)
  • 5 numbers and 3 characters (1st is lower case, 2nd and 3rd are capitals)

Signature: Gubernur Sumatera Utara –  Mr. S.M. Amin

 

September,15th.1947

Medan dutch tried diligently made preparations for the establishment of the State of East Sumatra, regardless of the Republic of Indonesia. The Netherlands has got a eprsetujuan and help from some prominent people who berasla from eastern Sumatra, eastern Sumatra Negra Movement held a march through the city of Medan, Perbaungan, and embankment Siantar. This parade went to Vice-dutch, Dr. Van de Velde, and with the intercession they filed a eprmohonan to the Dutch, so please menidirkan an independent state of East Sumatra, the Indonesian republic. Dutch apparently not willing to immediately, without first studying this matter carefully. Until now, BC Amin left the city of Medan On 15th September 1947, the country’s eastern Sumatra beklum also formed, probably the Dutch brackish hesitate to meet the demand, see the attitude of sultans in Eastern suamtera who remain passive, the names of the Sultan whose role and determine the masyarakatpun not called.

On September ,15th,1947, Mr SM Amin departure to Penang in order to went to Aceh

In late August 1947, the Dutch republic announced that employees who are not willing to work with dutch sma, are welcome to leave the area occupied Netherlands. On the basis of the provisions of this martial nda, SM Amin, Mr.A.Siddik, Ir Sitompul painstakingly memeproleh of the Dutch permission to go to Malacca, and Mr. and ir asiddik Singapura.dengan Sitompul to help friends and Suheili Abubakar, the purchase of tickets and the cost of the journey, on 15 September 1947. SM Amin went to Penang with the intention to continue the trip to Aceh. In the Ship SM Amin had the opportunity to meet with Barhen of “Chinese Democratic Lieague” the really significant stuff pro-republic and expelled by the Dutch from the field after detained in Siantar. On the next day SM Amin arrived in penang penang.di obtained satisfactory relationships with some really significant stuff republic, merchants who came from Aceh., They provide the support needed another advance of Yaw Hiong Liong (Straits Steamship agents) and his son Ci Ki Kew (chairman of the Chinese in Langsa vereeneging Handels), Kho Hok Khiat (merchant in Lho Seumawe), T Manyak (from Permai shop in penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis (Child BC kaka amen, Zubaidah who lived there) and Salim aharahap. He, his name on the arrest of five days.

On 21 September 1947

SM Amin departed from Penang with the Tung Song belongs to the Straits Steamship, this boat yachting under the British flag to Uleleu through Sabang, this journey of two days and two nights until at Sabang on 23 September 1947, the ship arrived in sab ang and anchor about two miles from land. when police boarded the ship and mjulai conduct examination of passenger and SM Amin was known to the ship, with a magnifying bealnda necessarily in Sabang issued a travel ban to Uelele ship, before the trip permit is obtained from the Dutch Authorities in Sabang. Two days after his two nights waiting for this permit, yet xit juuga, so Patience agent Lionh Jr. Ship Company. Murray and captain of the ship had run out, they down  lifeboat and headed to the mainland with the intention of seeing Sabang , and at Sepetmebr,25th.1947 Mr SM Amin arrived Ulee Lheuw at afternoon and several days went to Kutaraja.(the full story read the book by SM Amin 1978).This information had proeef that the postally uesd cover send fromaceh to Penang with repoeblic  Indonesa with  aceh overpint stamps wer the original cover,some were the Ricardo colections,now shoed at den Haag phillately museum Netherland)

 

0riginal info(ibid SM AMIN,1978)

di Medan belanda berusaha dengan giat mengadakan persiapan bagi pembentukan Negara Sumatera Timur , terlepas dari Republik Indonesia. Belanda telah mendapat suatu eprsetujuan dan bantuan dari beberapa orang terkemuka yang berasla dari Sumatera timur, Gerakan Negra Sumatera timur ini mengadakan suatu pawai melalui kota Medan,Perbaungan, dan pematang Siantar. Pawai ini mendatangi Wakil belanda,Dr. Van de velde, dan dengan perantaraannya mereka mengajukan suatu eprmohonan kepada pihak Belanda,supaya berkenan menidirkan suatu negara Sumatera Timur yang terlepas dari republik Indonesia. rupanya Belanda tidak bersedia dengan segera,tanpa mempelajari terlebih dahulu soal ini dengan teliti. Sampai saat SM Amin meninggalkan kota Medan Tanggal 15 september 1947, Negara Sumatera timur itu belum juga terbentuk, mungkin pihak belanda masin segan-segan memenuhi permintaan tersebut,melihat sikap Sultan-sultan di suamtera Timur yang tetap bersikap pasif ,nama-nama Sultan yang berperan dan menentukan dalam masyarakatpun tidak ada disebut.

Pada akhir Agustus 1947,Belanda mengumumkan bahwa pegawai republik yang tidak bersedia bekerja sma dengan belanda,dipersilahkan meninggalkan daerah yang diduduki belanda. Atas dasar ketetapan bela nda ini, SM Amin,Mr.A.Siddik,Ir Sitompul dengan susah payah memeproleh dari belanda ijin untuk berangkat ke Malaka, dan Mr asiddik dan ir sitompul ke Singapura.dengan bantuan kawan-kawan Abubakar dan Suheili,pembelian tiket dan biaya perjalan, pada tanggal 15 september 1947. SM Amin berangkat menuju Penang dengan maksud meneruskan perjalanan ke Aceh. Di Kapal SM Amin memperoleh kesempatan berkenalan dengan Barhen dari “Chinese Democratic League” yang snagat pro republic dan diusir oleh belanda dari medan sesudah ditahan di pematang siantar. Pada keesokan harinya SM Amin tiba di penang.di penang diperoleh hubungan yang snagat memuaskan dengan beberapa orang republik,saudagar-saudagar yang berasal dari Aceh., mereka memberikan bantuan yang diperlukan anatar lain Liong Yaw Hiong(agen straits steamship ) beserta anaknya Ci Ki Kew(ketua handels vereeneging Tionghoa di langsa),Kho Hok Khiat(saudagar di Lho Seumawe),T Manyak(dari toko Permai di penang), ananda Tahir Kar8im Lubis(Anak kaka SM amin,Zubaidah yang menetap di sana) dan Salim aharahap. la,manya di penang lima hari.

Pada tanggal 21 september 1947 SM Amin bertolak dari Penang dengan kapal Tung Song kepunyaan Straits Steamship, kapal ini belayar dibawah bendera Inggris menuju Uleleu melalui sabang, perjalanan ini dua hari dua malam sampai di sabang pada tanggal 23 september 1947, kapal sampai di sab ang dan membuang jangkar kira-kira dua kilometer dari darat. sewaktu polisi menaiki kapal dan mjulai melakukan pemeriksaan atas penumpang dan diketahui SM Amin berada di kapal, dengan serta merta pembesar bealnda di sabang mengeluarkan larangan perjalanan kapal ke Uelele, sebelum diperoleh ijin perjalan dari Pembesar belanda di sabang. Setlah Dua hari dua malam menunggu ijin ini,  belum keluar juga, sehingga Kesabaran agen Perusahan Kapal Lionh Jr. dan kapten Kapal Murray telah habis, mereka menurunka  sekoci dan menuju ke daratan sabang dengan maksud menemui(cerita lengkap baca buku karangan SM Amin 1978)

 

 

September,17th.1947

 

 

 

 

Djambi local coupon penukaran 1 rupiah, 17 September 1947  (H-564)

 

September,20th.1947

The postally used Palembang Overprint PTT NRI in circle type 55, known CTO Palembang and genuinely used at kajoeagoeng CDS 20.9.47(only one cover  known),no used fragment,

 

I have only mint stamp.

 

September,26th.1947

Residen Of Batavia (federal state resident at Jakarta), forbidden the megazine and newspaper at jakarta to put in the Indonesia Army (TNI) informations.

October 1947

President soekarno inaugurate the new memeber of Kabinet from Masjumi Party,and also take photo  together after the ceremony

 

Dutch military tries to consolidate control of areas within the “Van Mook line”. Dutch take control of all of Madura.United Nations “Good Offices Commission” is organized, with the goal of finding a settlement in Indonesia. Australia, Belgium, and the United States take part.

October,3th.1947

The postally used small cover from Batavia(rare postmark) cds 3.10.47 to soerabaia

 

October,4th.1940

The rare batavia postmark type handstamped on postally used chines overseas Medical,dental and aphothecer organization Batavia centrum circulair letter cover.

 

October,5th.1947

 

General sudirman in October,5th.1947

 

Mohammad Natsir in October.5th,1947

 

 

 

 

October,8th.1947

Tanda Bukti Penerimaan kantor Pos Indramajoe  (Postal ‘s fact of Sending food) pengiriman kerupuk ,with  Ned.Indie 2 cent and Repoeblik Indonesia definitive Java 3 sen stamps(rare collections)

 

October,10th.1947

(a)The rare document from  Taloe(Pasaman west sumatra,remeber the song orang Taloe oslan husein,the populer song) , with the official stamped “Kepala Polisi taloe pemerintah Repoeblik indonesia”(the  taloe’s chief of Police )

(b) Postal used homevard postcad with  15 cent repoeblik Indonesia ddefinif stamp,CDS Toeban 10.10.47 to Yohyakarta with sencored Telah ditilik ,

the same  leter with  2x 5 sen stampsto yogjakarta with sencored telah ditilik .

and the used Dai nippon money order with Reppoeblik Indonesia java definitf stamps(mint),

The unused Kartoepos Amal 10 sen  berlakoe sampai akhir 1947.

 

 

 

 

October,12th.1947

 

The Postaly used registered  homemade cover send from Samalangan Aceh cds 12.10.47 to bireun(provenance Dr Iwan suwandy 1985)

October,20th.1947

 

The Ned,indie letter sheet postal stationer karbou 7 1/2 cent send from manado to Batavia-central. the letter information:

Koja Manado,20 Oktober 1947,

Zus, Broer (brother) en Kinderen (son).

At the time of writing usrat, then nyamanlah all of us here. Please also exist applies to all of you. That Pakket we’ve received correctly, we say many thanks for Zus and B Roer (Sister and Brother) got the shipment, especially for Ade and Boeti already working on it. We’ve heard of us had a sister, mother, and Naomi, that they had a cruise on Broer dirumah.Berikut Zus and they’ve talked about and Broer zus had their reception at which they would not have time to respond. Also we’ve heard from them, that there is no liquor Tjap Tikoes (Sopi), sedangkankamu love and together we are trying to send by mail gin stamp tikoes pakket.Semua were five bottles (Vier flesh) and divided in two pakket , because  pakket post should not be more than 5 kg, Bergubung with applicable regulations (uitoveer Ordinance) which sterke dronken (liquor) verbodden zij (forbidden) to be sent from here (voor de uitvoor), we were just saying it sent obart . We hope that pakket was not damaged until the middle of the road and you correctly, because the packaging is strong enough (ERG is het verpakken lastig). no longer know the central office pospakket, if they do send it on. Just for this first. bvanyak respect from us all en veel zontjes (lots of kisses) for Adi, Boeti and Robby from Anis (A look at Koja Tondano Manado)

original letter:

Zus, Broer(kakak) en kinderen(putra).

Pada waktu menulis surat,maka nyamanlah kami semua disini. Harap juga itu ada berlaku pada kamu semua. Itu Pakket kami sudah terima dengan betul,kami ucapkan banyak terima kasih atas Zus dan B roer(Sister and Brother) punya kiriman, terutama untuk Ade dan Boeti yang sudah mengusahakannya. Kami sudah dengar dari kami punya adik, Ibu dan Naomi, bahwa mereka sudah pesiar pada Zus  dan Broer dirumah.Berikut mereka sudah bicarakan tentang zus dan broer punya penerimaaan pada mereka, yang mana mereka tidak sempat membalasnya. Juga kami sudah dengar dari mereka,bahwa disana tidak ada minuman keras Tjap Tikoes(Sopi) ,sedangkankamu suka sekali dan bersama ini kami ada coba kirim sopi cap tikoes melalui pos pakket.Semua itu ada lima botol(vier flesh) dan dibagi pada dua pakket,menginggat pos pakket tidak boleh lebih dari 5 kg,Bergubung dengan peraturan yang berlaku(uitoveer ordonantie) yang mana sterke dronken(minuman keras)  verbodden zij(dilarang)  untuk dikirim dari sini(voor de uitvoor), kami cuma bilang yang dikirim obart saja. kami harap bahwa pakket itu tidak rusak  ditengah jalan dan sampai pada kamu dengan betul, sebab pembungkusnya cukup kuat(het verpakken is erg lastig). tidak tahu lagi si pusat kantor pospakket , jika mereka buat kirim terus. Sekadar ini dahulu. hormat bvanyak dari kami semua en veel zontjes(banyak cium) untuk Adi,Boeti dan Robby dari Anis (J mandang KOja Tondano Manado)

 

 

October.22th.47

The Populer Shop Pasar Baroe 93 batavia centrum promotuion card Projector Keystone  send to Semarang with NICa USA printing stamps 5 cent.

October,24th,1947

 

 

½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-565)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-566)

 

(a)Haji agus salim arrived at Jogya from visiti the UNO meeting, and he and Presiden soekarno  and unidentified persons (two photos)

 

(b) President Soekarno and Repoeblic Menistry islamic  Idul Adha prayed at Alon-alon Djokja

 

 

 

October,29th.1947

The Good Office Commision(from UNO?) arrived at Jakarta

October,30th.1947

The postally used homemade card from Repoblic indonesia area CDS Toeban on Java definitive repoeblic stamps 15 sen. and other card from Toeban to the same address with 2×5 sen java repoeblic definitive stamps(date not clear)

 

The Java repoblic Indonesia definitive stamps on Dai Nippon Money order but not send,the stamp still mint unsued on that Money order

 

 

October,31th.1947

The rare document Of  repoeblic Indonesia State ‘s Police Taloe(Polisi PAM) ,Pasaman west sumatra(remember the song Urang Taloe,sung by Oslan Husein, the famous minagkabau singer)

 

 

November

the picture  Hemangkubuwono and other Repobic Indonesian leader Sembahyang- idul adha praying at  Alon-alon Yogjakarta(photo)

November 1947

NRI Poster

 

 

 

 

 

NICA U brigade at Padang 1947

 

 

NICA  U brigade at Padang 1947

 

 

 

 

November ,5th.1947

 

The vice chief Of  Indoneseian arme forec General Oerip sumadihardjo

November,8th.1947

on this day ,two years  anniversary of  Masjoemi party  at Yogja

November,12th.1947

 

Wie weet er meer over het typenraderstempel Bandoeng BKT. 2? Reacties naar de webmaster.
reactie: Zou BKT. 2 wellicht gewoon ‘Bijkantoor 2′ kunnen betekenen? Frans van de Rivière, 2001-09-03.

November,13th.1911

on this day Prof.Graham  from KTN at Yogja and guided by Haji Agus salim for meet presiden sukarno ( three photos)

 

 

 

Court Du Bois from KTN visit Bung Hatta

 

Sjafruddin Prawiranegara visir the opening of Sugar Factory “Padokan” ( five photos)

 

November.16th,1947

 

Jogja 16 November 1947
Good Offices Committee (GOC) Chairmanr Judge Kirby brings Dutch proposal met President NRI Soekarno

November,17th.1947

 

 

5 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-569)

 

10 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-570)

 

 

These notes show a large variety of signatures and serial numbers.

A second series of notes was issued during the period December 1947 and May 1948, printed on paper with a yellow background color. The design of these notes is less primitive than the first series.  The only one signature – of the republican resident – is now printed.

A striking feature of this second series is the consequent use of five or six stamped serial letters. The system used has been unclear for a long time. In 1998, Adi Pratomo (Rupiah The Journal, No. 5, September 1998, pages 35 and 36) discovered that a limited number of combinations were used:

Notes with 5 letters:

ANZMY    NAMZZ

BOYLW     OBLYX

CPXKU      PCKXV

DQWJS      QDJWT

ERVIQ        REIVR

FSUHO      SFHUP

GTTGM     TGGTN

HUSFK      UHFSL

IVREI         VIERJ

JWQDG     WJDQH

KXPCE      XKCPF

LYOBC      YLBOD

MZNAA   ZMANB

Notes with 6 letters:

AbNZMY    NoAMZZ

BcOYLW    OpBLYX

CdPXKU     PqCKXV

DeQWJS    QrDJWT

EfRVIQ       RsEIVR

FgSUHO     StFHUP

GhTTGM    TuGGTN

HiUSFK      UvHFSL

IjVREI         VwIERJ

JkWQDG    WxJDQH

KlXPCE (1) XyKCPF

LmYOBC    YzLBOD

MnZNAA   ZaMANB

1 KlXPCE is not observed, however KeXPCE is known. Possibly the letter ‘e’ is used to avoid confusion between the letter ‘l’ or the number ‘1’.

Obviously a number of alphabets were used in different sequences. Maybe individual letters from a stamp box were used. It is possible that the combinations were applied as a security measure. It is a fact that notes with letter combinations outside the array always appear to be fakes when examined closer.

When observing the letter combinations of a large number of yellow Djambi notes, it becomes clear that – apart from the above mentioned – the letter combinations seamlessly continue from one denomination to the next.

Below is an overview of the know combinations and the likely sequence of the not yet observed combinations. The observed combinations are in black, and the assumed but not yet observed combinations are in red. The not yet clear transition of the serial letters of the 2 ½ rupiah is marked in blue.

Where applicable it is mentioned which combinations occur with numbers printed with a numbering machine having a number height of 5 millimeters or 5 ½ millimeters

 

The Vice prime menistery RI Wondo Amiseno joined teh anniversary of International student day at Kepatihan Yogjakarta,look the antique lamp there (two photos)

 

Nopember,20th.1947

Karo  Regency NRI Papermoney token  F 1000.-

 

 

Nopember,21th.1947

Republic Indonesia and The Dutch fereaal government , didnot have “mufakat”agreement  where to get the meeeting, that is why the  American Renville Ship which landed berlabuh at Java sea, were prepared for the meeeting.

November,21th 1947

 

NRI 10 sen Postal stationer us as the POW card send from D.DRT Kamp C Djogja to Djakarta  via Red Cross Djogja official stamped  Djakarta red cross official stamped with sencored  CDS Djogja 21.11.47,the letter between NRI and dutch are send via red cross.

(a)On 21 November 1947, Pulau Brayan Villige (near Medan) , the Dutch seized the property of the population, and the next day to make the issue again with the Dutch outposts fired on the troops in station Mabar Laskar, also Padang Bulan shooting by ditembaki.Laskar retaliate.

Colonel Schalten shot while crossing in front of the army post. Holland responded with a massive assault on the corners of the city. Dutch Air Force bombing, while at the front south of Medan on Court Street we got heavy pressure, but troop movements in the Netherlands can Sukarame dihentikan.

November,22th.1947

(a)The first used on complete  document(legalized  use the gourvernment House at biaro stereet bukittinggi), local sumatra  repoeblik Indonesia Rp.75.-, legalized  and sign by the chief of Bukittinggi postal office,Mr  T.Sahib with rare oval official   KANTOR POS BOEKITTTINGGI” WITHOUT REPOEBLIK INDONESIA

 

(b)The Advententie number of newpaper send from Batavia centrum to Surabaia via airmail,PER LUCHPOST STAMPED.

 

 

 

 

 

Amsterdam – Batavia 22.11.1947

November,28th.1947

 

 

½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-567)

 

 

 

Djambi local coupon penukaran Paper money 2 ½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-568

 

November.30th.1947

 

 

This is a stationery for military navy of the Netherlands, November 30, 1947,

is the Navy’s military personnel had been dispatched to the Netherlands was held out of local Indonesia during the War of Independence. Not good at the bottom of the wording that is printed, it is being printed “and Batavia (now Jakarta) firmly.

August 15, 1945, when Japan surrendered, August 17, two days after, from the Indonesian nationalist Sukarno who, before the Dutch troops come ashore again, preemptively independence Indonesia was declared. Then, is established and headed by Sukarno of the Republic of Indonesia on September 4. In addition, on August 22 after the Declaration of Independence was formed by decree the government delegation security people, the government is calling for participation officers and men of the system (Volunteers defense regional), and from the auxiliary soldiers Peta former was formed under the Japanese Occupation .

Furthermore, in order to disarm the Japanese army, and come to a full-fledged military occupation of the British and Dutch, from Sukarno was organized to counter the People’s security forces made this in October.

Then, between the Netherlands and tries to prevent this Sukarno government and to assert independence from the Netherlands, will be the Indonesian war of independence broke out. This war, December 27, 1949, I concluded officially recognized the independence of Indonesia in The Hague Roundtable, introduce things that are not material in the Netherlands during the war that now.

Before the <INDONESIA 2012> from tomorrow, bring it anyway if the material of the Indonesian side, became the winner, but I wanted to Keikizuke, I could not find … something nifty. Well, bring in the future with respect to work, I just pray that the losing battle endless.(coll Yunanto)

merekrut tentara Republik untuk latihan untuk berlatih dengan model pistol kayu, Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia, pada bulan Desember 1947.

[Yogyakarta] Pidato oleh Komandan setelah inspeksi senjata pada 21 Desember 1947

 

 

 

 

December 1947

The KTN meeting between Repoeblic delegation and Dutch delegation atYogja

 

and after the meet Haji Agus salim interview by foreign journalist(who is she? please who know tell me via comment)

 

 

 

 

December,1st.1947

Jawatan Kepolisian Pindah ke Yogyakarta
Seiring dengan makin gentingnya situasi kemanan nasional dan didudukinya Purwokerto oleh pasukan Belanda, markas pusat kepolisian dipindahkan ke Yogyakarta. Terhitung sejak tanggal 1 Desember 1947 Jawatan Kepolisian Negara secara resmi ditetapkan berkedudukan di Yogyakarta dan berkantor di bawah satu atap dengan Kepolisian Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta di Jalan Reksobayan.

 

Signing of Friendship Agreement 1 December 1947

The Surabaya Jurnalisticgraduate  course “ijazah”

 

Ijazah kursus Djoenalistik Indonesia Soerabia

December,3th.1947

 

The Old Karbauw type Ned Indie 3 1/2 cent Postal statione card send from Batavia centrum to Tjilere Kilometer 43,5 Pengalengan Bandung, with the letter handwritten :

Request brother, please do not be discouraged her, I am going to endeavor again to meet demand in-law’s. About our brothers and Hoesein CASH whether she?

Now there is also a send vegetables from Budi, 2 times a week to Senen Market for trading, the market, often also datang.Oey Lay Emen May each week send BOOL 5 tons.

 If the law had come once to tjobalah Pasar Senen so we talked to set our steps. lot to be asked after so long no see, hope everything is in a state of good health to you later. Bistok, Sitoemorang and families that others may survive. Reverend send tabe (respect) many-banyak.on  7 / 11 1947 the then Lord encouraging in our homes because of one boy who came (born) in a state so his mother . we healthy .thank you  say many of his grace. Please come pray that this child for God’s good behavior and all of us. Horas Be Macklon, Kernolog street 16 Batavia centrum (Central Jakarta).

original letter

Permintaan saudara ,harap jangan ber kecil hati , saya akan ber ikhtiar lagi memenuhi permintaan ipar itu. Tentang saudara kita KAS dan Hoesein apakah kabarnya ? Sekarang ada juga yang kirim sayur dari Budi, 2 kali seminggu ke Pasar Senen untuk diperdagangkan,dipasar tersebut, Emen sering juga datang.Oey Lay May setiap minggu kirim BOOL 5 ton. Kalau ipar sempat tjobalah datang sekali ke Pasar Senen supaya kita berbincang mengatur langkah kita. banyak sekali yang akan ditanyakan sesudah begitu lama tak bertemu,harap semuanya dalam keadaan sehat-sehat saja sampai ketemu lagi. Bistok,Sitoemorang dan keluarga yang lain-lain semoga selamat. Pendeta kirim tabe(hormat) banyak-banyak.Pada rtanggal 7/11 1947 yang lalu Tuhan mengembirakan di rumah kita karena satu anak lelaki yang datang(lahir) dalam keadaan sebat begitu juga ibunya.Kita ucapkan banyak terim akasih atas rahmatNYA. Harap ikut mendoakan supaya anak ini baik tingkah lakunya bagi Tuhan dan kita semua. Horas Be Macklon,Jalan Kernolog 16 Batavia centrum(jakarta Pusat).

December,5th.1947

the used block four local sumatra revenue f,25, the rate became up from F.75 to f.100,0 this info means devaluation i  Indonesia. othe date 20.12.47. (other collection look in 1948)

 

December,7th.1947

The Renville Meeting on the ship (four photos)

the meeting between  RI goevernment with  consulair commission member at yogja (one photo)

December 8th.1947

United Nations Security Council established a committee to mediate conflict between Indonesia and the Dutch.

This committee acted as Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia, widely known as ‘Committee of Three Nations’, due to the three nations which were its members : Australia which was appointed by Indonesia, Belgium which was appointed by Netherlands and the United States as the neutral party.
Facilitated by Committee of Good Offices for Indonesia ,

on December 8, 1947,

a negotiation was initiated between the Dutch and Indonesia in USS Renville as neutral place.

(a)Dutch and Indonesian representatives meet on board the U.S.S. Renville, a U.S. Navy transport stationed in the Philippines, which was moved Jakarta harbor for the talks.

(b) The rare postally used cover  send by registered airmail from Canada 8.12.47 to Semarang Dutch East Indie . with  semarang account sencored and at the back arrival CDS Semarang 13.12.47, and with Bonne sante cinderella to affix the cover.

 

 

The Tobacco tax  Indonesia 1.70 Rp on Lilitary blend tobacco box  An justijn Tabak My Amsterdam Batavia(rare tobacco label collection)

 

December,9th.1947

 

On 9 December 1947,

Dutch troops on Java raided the village of Rawagede,

 around 100 kilometres east of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. The Dutch military campaign to put an end to the Indonesian independence struggle has always been referred to rather euphemistically as the “police actions”. Indonesian proclaimed its independence in August 1945, after the end of the Japanese occupation during World War II. It took The Hague until the end of 1949 to give in to international pressure and recognise the independence of its former colony.

Deliberate and ruthless
Eye witnesses say the men of the village were lined up and shot dead. The Committee of Dutch Debts of Honour claims 431 people were killed, in a report written 1969 on the campaign’s excesses this figure is put at just 150 victims.

It was 20 years before the report was published, but the United Nations concluded in January 1948 that the military operation in Rawagede was deliberate and ruthless. However, there were no consequences for the Netherlands. This made it easier for the Dutch legal authorities to avoid prosecuting the Dutch officer responsible for ordering the bloodbath, Major Alphons Wijnen

Foreign interference
Letters which recently came to light reveal that the authorities were in no doubt that Major Wijnen had committed war crimes. General Simon Spoor wrote to the then attorney general that a court martial would inevitably condemn major Wijnen, with disastrous consequences for his career. The attorney general decided against instigating prosecution, “Because any foreign interference or interest has now vanished.”

The number of eyewitnesses and next of kin is of course dwindling. The last survivor of the massacre – Saih bin Sakam – died last month aged 88. His death came just a few months after he visited the Netherlands to argue the case of Rawagede, which is called Balongsari now. On 9 December 1947, Saih was hit in his back and in his hand, but survived by pretending he was dead.

A meeting with veterans was not on the cards, but he did discuss his experiences with schoolchildren in the northern city of Groningen. He told them that it was not necessary to prosecute the soldiers as far as he was concerned. However, he did want the Netherlands to formally apologise to Indonesia and pay reparations.

Statute of limitations
Next of kin of victims of the Rawagede massacre have filed a lawsuit against the Dutch state. They are four widows and two sons of victims. They are demanding apologies and damages. Last year, the Netherlands acknowledged that the soldiers had committed war crimes in Rawagede, but argued that the statute of limitations had run out on these crimes.

Liesbeth Zegveld, the lawyer representing the next of kin, doesn’t think so: the Public Prosecutor’s Office still accepts claims from victims of crimes committed during World War II. A ruling in favour of the next of kin could have major consequences for victims of other Dutch actions in Indonesia. They could then expect to see their claims for damages honoured as well.

 

 

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947

 

On December 9, 1947 Dutch military forces deployed in the village of Rawagede in colonized Indonesia committed an unspeakable crime.

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village.

Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men

 

 

The Letter of Repoeblik Indonesia”Balai Harta Peninggalan” soerakarta witn official stamped

Relatives and survivors of a massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede in 1947

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village. Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men

are demanding an apology and compensation from the Dutch government. Indonesia was a Dutch colony in the 1800s and was finally granted sovereignty in 1949 after an armed struggle.

 

“I never thought they would kill us because we were just ordinary people,” says Saih. “I only realised [what they were going to do] when they began the countdown… Een, twee, drie.” Three soldiers started shooting the men in the back.

According to the village, the soldiers shot dead all the men – 431 people. It was summary justice, meted out as the men were running away or hiding in the river. In 1969, an investigation by the Dutch government into war crimes in Indonesia says 150 were killed in Rawagede.

Saih, now in his late 80s, is one of the 10 survivors and relatives who, 61 years later, are asking for an apology and compensation for the massacre in the Indonesian village of Rawagede carried out by Dutch soldiers on December 9, 1947.

Last week lawyer Gerrit Jan Pulles and Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, a foundation which represents civilian victims of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia, said the Dutch government must accept responsibility for the massacre at Rawagede.

Independence

Just like many other men, Saih, who sold vegetables, hid in the river when the Dutch arrived. His body under the water, his head in a hole he dug in the river bed. But the soldiers’ four tracker dogs found him. His companion shouted “merdeka” (independence) and was shot. Saih gave himself up and went with the soldiers.

It was raining hard on that day in December 1947. The village of Rawagede was flooded. The Dutch soldiers were looking for Lukas Kustario, an Indonesian freedom fighter, but he had left the day before.

The men who were actually doing the shooting did not look Dutch, says Saih. They had dark skins. Two white Dutchmen watched. Saih was hit in the back, but the bullet had first passed through the son of the village chief so has lost some of its velocity.

Pretended to be dead

When the boy’s body fell on him, Saih pretended to be dead too. During the final salvo, Saih was hit in the arm. But he was still alive and when the soldiers left, he fled.

Batara Hutagalung, chairman of the Comité Nederlandse Ereschulden, became interested in the war crimes committed in Indonesia at the end of the 1990s when he read his father’s unpublished memoires, he says.

He read about the bombing of Surabaya in 1945 by the English who were helping the Dutch get back their colony. An estimated 20,000 people died. “It was the first time I was confronted with what happened back then,” says Hutagalung, who lived in Germany until 1992. “In Germany the Nazis were tried and tracked down as far as South America. I wondered why that didn’t happen here.”

The foundation has successfully asked for an apology and compensation from the British government for the Surabaya bombing.

Dutch government obstinate

Hutagalung then began working on the Rawagede case. But until now the Dutch government has been “obstinate”, he says. The fact that former foreign affairs minister Ben Bot expressed his “regret” for the violence in 2005 is not enough, he says. “Regret is not an apology. I don’t understand why it’s so difficult to say sorry.”

Today Rawagede is called Balongsari. It has a large memorial to the victims of the massacre. The river where Saih hid is now a thin stream full of rubbish. Balongsari is a colourful village thanks to its pretty coloured houses built by the villagers with money earned by many of the women who work temporarily in the Middle East. But according to its chief, the village is still poor. Most of its 3,000 inhabitants work on the land or make prawn crackers.

Piles of corpses

In one of the houses, lives the 86-year-old Tijeng. Mattresses are everywhere, 15 people from five generations live here. Tijeng was breastfeeding her daughter when her husband Nimong tried to flee from the Dutch.

He did not get far, he was captured and shot dead. Three days later Tijeng searched piles of corpses, looking for his body.

When Tijeng sees a baby, she remembers how helpless she felt then. “I didn’t know what to do. I had a baby. I couldn’t work.”

Saih and Tijeng do not know the details of their claim. They have merely given a fingerprint and had their photos taken. They are no longer angry with the Dutch. But compensation would be welcome.

Tijeng has no money for treatment on the swelling in her ear which is beginning to affect her sight too.

And Saih says: “It doesn’t have to be much. Just a small amount for a decent life until I die, and to give my children and grandchildren a better life.”

Dutch Apology for the Massacre at Rawagede (Indonesia): How not to do State Apology

 

On December 9, 1947 Dutch military forces deployed in the village of Rawagede in colonized Indonesia committed an unspeakable crime.

 

In their fight to maintain Dutch colonial rule and suppress the Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for their country, they killed nearly all the males in this remote Indonesian village. Almost 500 men were rounded up and summarily executed, in many cases right before their families. The widows recall that it was left to the women and children in the villages to bury the corpses of their slain husbands, brothers and children. Rawagede became a village without men.

 

Although the Dutch army and state acknowledged that the massacres occurred, no one was ever prosecuted or convicted for the massacres. A 1948 United Nations report described the killings “deliberate and merciless.”

 

Since the publication of the report there have been pressures on Netherlands to officially apologize for the massacres and pay compensation to the victims and survivors. None has been forthcoming. The best that the people of Rawagede got was statement that the Netherlands “deeply regrets” the massacre.

 

Finally on the sixty-fourth anniversary of the massacres, the Dutch government through its ambassador to Indonesia formally apologised for the massacres. It was a terse public statement which included the words that the survivors had waited for over six decades to hear: “On behalf of the Dutch government, I apologise for the tragedy that took place in Rawagede on the 9th of December, 1947.”

 

But the apology came only after some survivors successfully sued the Dutch government for the massacres and a court in the Netherlands ordered the government to pay compensation over the killings. Only 9 relatives are still alive and each will receive a paltry Euro 20,000 ($27,000) compensation.

 

The apology is welcome since its better late than never. But for the traumatized people of Rawagede, it provides only cold comfort. The apology is too little too late. State apologies for historical crimes and injustices are notoriously difficult to get. In this case, the belated apology from the Netherland seems to have been driven more by insular legal and public relations considerations rather than a genuine sense of national contrition for the massacres. The Dutch apology is a classic example of how not to do state apology.

 

For more on the debate over state apology for historical crimes see a recent book to which I contributed:

The NICA postmark Bij Post Kantoor Batavia stad. 9 de 47

 

December,21th.1947

A military gun show by Republicans after a large-scale maneuver, Solo / Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, December 21, 1947. Soldiers stand at attention beside their weapons and ammunition.

A military gun show by Republicans after a large-scale maneuver, Solo / Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, December 21, 1947. The helmets are a motley bunch: Japanese, British, Dutch ( nah disini kita bisa lihat ber bagai macam helm yg di pake sama tentara republik pada waktu itu hehehehe)

Two young female republican volunteers of Celebes, members of the armed youth organization “Kris” on leave in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, in December 1947 ( jadi inget cw Israel kalo jalan2 di kota nenteng senapan )

Jadi ingat swargi bapak.
Dulu terlibat langsung dgn Pertempuran 4 hari di Solo. Beliau gabung dengan Brigade 17/TP. Dapat kenang2an luka kena proyektil mortir Belanda.
Request yang dari Solo lagi pak

 

Sergt. George flour Houses in Palembang, the soldiers of the substitutes-cie. KNIL to Palembang lesson in unarmed self-defense. The men of the “Sub” come from all over Indonesia .
Date
{1946-1950}

Ambarawa: The mission of the Dutch army in Indonesia includes the security of the population against the irregulars fighting organizations, and to promote the restoration of peace and prosperity in the liberated areas. In the ranks of the KNIL are the sons of Indonesia united, vigilant and ready for the future of their country and people.
Date
{1946-1950}

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

December,22th.1947

 

 

Amsterdam – Morotai 22.12.1947

 

 

Amsterdam – Makkassar 22.12.1947

December 25 th.1947

Dutch create state of East Sumatra.

 

The ned @copyright Driwan Suwandy 2011

para serdadu Ned-indies sedang menikmati waktu senggang dengan menikmati hiburan kabaret di atas sebuah gerbong kereta api di stasiun waru jawa timur

Series 4, ’23 August 1948′

New notes were issued by the national government in 1948, in the bizarre denominations of 40, 75, 100, and 400 rupiah, plus an unissued 600 rupiah note.

On 19 December 1948, the Dutch seized Yogyakarta, reverting the head office of the Republic’s central bank, Bank Negara Indonesia, back to De Javasche Bank, with DJB offices also reopened in Surakarta and Kediri.[1]

It was planned in 1949 to revalue the national rupiah notes of the republic (which were at this time circulating in Java). To do this, “Rupiah Baru” (‘new rupiah’) notes were printed. This revaluation did not take place in Java, but some were issued in Aceh instead. The denominations printed were 10 sen (blue or red), ½ (green or red), 1 (purple or green), 10 (black or brown), 25, and 100 rupiah

Tentara Ned-indie ternyata melatih dan merekrut para relawan dari etnis tionghoa
An Tui Pan Recruits in training. Sergeant Wellaerd ut Clingendael explains the operation of the gun.

Bandung: Recruits of the Chinese Security Corps Pao An Tui in training.Exercise

 

 

 

December,27th.1947

 

NRI Djambi residency issued the local exchange coupon paper money 5 roepiah

Djambi – The serial letter combinations on the yellow notes issued in 1947 and 1948.

By Rob Huisman and Hans P. van Weeren

From 27 December 1947 to 20 May 1948, emergency paper money was issued in the Djambi residence by the Indonesian republican authority. All notes carry the description “Coupon Penukaran” (exchange note), indicating the temporary character of the emergency notes.

After the first Dutch ‘police action’, the distribution of centrally issued money (initially printed in Pematang Siantar and later in Bukittinggi) had become difficult and money scarcity occurred locally. As a result, the Indonesian republican authority issued emergency money in Sumatra on a large scale after the middle of 1947.

During the period September to November 1947 a first series of paper money was issued on white paper with manual and stamped signatures. The following emissions are known:

1 rupiah, 17 September 1947  (H-564)

 

 

½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-565)

 

 

½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-567)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 24 October 1947 (H-566)

 

 

2 ½ rupiah, 28 November 1947 (H-568)

 

 

5 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-569)

 

 

10 rupiah, 17 November 1947 (H-570)

 

 

These notes show a large variety of signatures and serial numbers.

A second series of notes was issued during the period December 1947 and May 1948, printed on paper with a yellow background color. The design of these notes is less primitive than the first series.  The only one signature – of the republican resident – is now printed.

A striking feature of this second series is the consequent use of five or six stamped serial letters. The system used has been unclear for a long time. In 1998, Adi Pratomo (Rupiah The Journal, No. 5, September 1998, pages 35 and 36) discovered that a limited number of combinations were used:

Notes with 5 letters:

ANZMY    NAMZZ

BOYLW     OBLYX

CPXKU      PCKXV

DQWJS      QDJWT

ERVIQ        REIVR

FSUHO      SFHUP

GTTGM     TGGTN

HUSFK      UHFSL

IVREI         VIERJ

JWQDG     WJDQH

KXPCE      XKCPF

LYOBC      YLBOD

MZNAA   ZMANB

Notes with 6 letters:

AbNZMY    NoAMZZ

BcOYLW    OpBLYX

CdPXKU     PqCKXV

DeQWJS    QrDJWT

EfRVIQ       RsEIVR

FgSUHO     StFHUP

GhTTGM    TuGGTN

HiUSFK      UvHFSL

IjVREI         VwIERJ

JkWQDG    WxJDQH

KlXPCE (1) XyKCPF

LmYOBC    YzLBOD

MnZNAA   ZaMANB

1 KlXPCE is not observed, however KeXPCE is known. Possibly the letter ‘e’ is used to avoid confusion between the letter ‘l’ or the number ‘1’.

Obviously a number of alphabets were used in different sequences. Maybe individual letters from a stamp box were used. It is possible that the combinations were applied as a security measure. It is a fact that notes with letter combinations outside the array always appear to be fakes when examined closer.

When observing the letter combinations of a large number of yellow Djambi notes, it becomes clear that – apart from the above mentioned – the letter combinations seamlessly continue from one denomination to the next.

Below is an overview of the know combinations and the likely sequence of the not yet observed combinations. The observed combinations are in black, and the assumed but not yet observed combinations are in red. The not yet clear transition of the serial letters of the 2 ½ rupiah is marked in blue.

Where applicable it is mentioned which combinations occur with numbers printed with a numbering machine having a number height of 5 millimeters or 5 ½ millimeters.

 

December,15th.1947

 

Local NRI banten paper moner issued at sreang in December 1947

 

 

 

December,27th,1947

 

Mgr Soegijapranoto in December 1947

Mgr. Soegija’s memorable words was when he broadcasted on the radio in 1947.

We are Indonesian Catholics side with the republic will achieve a real and complete independence
Mgr. Soegija’s wish came true on December 27, 1947, when the Dutch was willing to recognized Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, the United States of the Republic of Indonesia

Mgr. Albertus Soegijapranata, S.J. was born by the child name Soegija in Solo (Oldest=Soerakarta), Central Java, November 25, 1896. In July 26, 1963, based on Presidential Decree no. 152 of 1963, the 1st President of the United States of the Republic of Indonesia (PotUSoRI), Soekarno, awarded him as Indonesian National Hero, shortly after he passed away in Netherlands. He was buried in the Giri Tunggal Heroes Cemetery, in Semarang, Central Java. To honour the Rama Kanjeng, a street in Solo and a Catholic University in Semarang were named after his.

Mgr. Soegijapranata, the National Hero of Indonesia

 

 

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA 1948 (BERSAMBUNG)

KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA

1948

 

 

OLEH

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

EDISI PRIBADI TERBATAS

KHUSUS UNTUK KOLEKTOR  DAN HISTORIAN SENIOR

Copyright @ 2013

INI ADALAH CUPLIKAN DAN CONTOH BUKU KOLEKSI SEJARAH INDONESIA HASIL PENELITIAN Dr  IWAN , HANYA DITAMPILKAN SEBAGIAN INFO DAN ILUSTRASI TAK LENGKAP.

BUKU YANG LENGKAP TERSEDIA BAGI YANG BERMINAT HUBUNGGI LIWAT KOMENTAR(COMMENT) DI WEB BLOG INI

sORRY FOR THE UNEDITED ARTICLES BELOW,I DID  TO PROTEC T AGAINST THE COPY WITHOUT PERMISSSION

 

Driwancybermuseum Homeoffic 

Copyrught @ Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA 2013

Forbidden to copy without written permission by the author

INDONESIA INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTION AND WAR

History collections

PART IV

1948

Based On Postal And Document Collections

 

Created By

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Private Limited Edition in CR-ROM Special For Collectors

Copyright @ Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

 

 

Top of Form

Military Governor of Aceh, Langkat and Karo  Daud Berueh
 
At the beginning of 1948,


 Military Governor of Aceh, Langkat and Karo Teuku Daud, set both the mine area are brought together under the name Oil Oil Mining Military Governor of Aceh, North Sumatra, based in Langsa, under the titular leadership of Major General General AMIR AL MUDJAHID Husin and ABDUL RAHMAN appointed as Deputy to the affairs Administrative and Technical Affairs Djohan for.
After the signed agreement RENVILE 1948, residents who had moved to flee to the outskirts of town, returned home into the city that have destroyed Berandan Base shattered to the ground.
The approval of the help and supervision XVII Battalion of the Regiment V KSBO Oil Mine workers who did not participate refuge of Aceh, given the difficulty and suffering lived in times of struggle, the justified cooperate begin clearing the debris that littered the intention to make small-scale distillation of the results expected to be able to just cover the basic needs of daily life.
After the transfer of sovereignty, Resident ABDUL KARIM, MS from Medan had proposed to the Central Government to continue to seek oil in the Base Mine Berandan, he asked for additional capital for rehabilitation. Jakarta did not get a response from any company situation remained abandoned eventually as usual, the grass in the area of ​​the former mine Berandan higher base oil and the roots of various plants has crept over his face everywhere Oil Mine had injured it.
 
Office of Mine Big Oil into debris
Time went on, until the Military Governor Daud in a physical struggle with the Dutch, worried about oil supplies could run out for the fight, because that then he ordered Djohan which at that time was in Aceh, in order to return to base Berandan, to improve the Installation of Oil Refinery can still be used in order to produce oil for the struggle.
Assisted by experienced colleagues, among them Dullah ANWAR, they fix STILL Used Cooking with a capacity of 20,000 liters of HDB, gradually – gradually began to return the refugees from Aceh, although not yet officially licensed.
After the Dutch aggression subsided, came the month of February 1948 Djohan who later became one of the characters in Base Oil Berandan, to examine further improvements along WAPOSO Refinery Parlindungan the Deputy Government at that time. They invite all the employees who had worked at the Base Berandan to improve the situation. Businesses that capitalize only the spirit of struggle without the support of adequate means and facilities ultimately failed.
  
Post-Scorched Earth, scattering debris
Under such circumstances dormant until a few years, although some government officials like RI House of Representatives Committees, Ministers who come menunjau at that time under the pretext of thinking about the future of Base Oil Berandan Mining Company, but the results still nil, their arrival was greeted with great Oil hopes will be the construction of mine, but once they return keadaanpun becoming quiet again, what is seen there, other than scrap metal debris scattered and wild huts built by the people while waiting for the company’s active again .. !!
Such situation continues until the coming Dutch Military Aggression II Parties, dated December 19, 1948. back in order to prevent the oil that is not mastered by Dutch side, the Republic of Indonesia in Base Warrior Berandan forced for the second time down to earth scorching oil fields they love.
Then the Oil Base Berandan Mining companies back into rubble strewn debris. Berandan base thus having 3 (three) times pembumi hangusan (first by the Dutch before the Japanese Occupation, the Republican Party at the Dutch Military Aggression-I and the third also by the Republican Party at the Dutch Military Aggression II). Petroleum activities in Northern Sumatra, the time to focus on PERMIRI in Langsa, Aceh.
PERMIRI (Petroleum Company of the Republic of Indonesia) in Aceh, an oil refinery with a capacity reaches 40 tons per day, greatly helped the struggle of Indonesia in North Sumatra and its vicinity. Production of petroleum was generated from PERMIRI Overseas Oil Field, Paluh wasp, Overseas Long, Peurlak, Juluk Reuyeuk Land, Lake said, Arubay Oebong, Pase and Serang Jaya.
Langsa refinery was established in 1943, at the time the Lead Refinery by 3 (three) Japanese officials, headed by a Lieutenant II Japanese Army and a graduate of the School of Mines 3 Base Oils Berandan (Nampo Sekyu Kagyo Gakko). The refinery is located hidden in the garden Rubber Beuyok Paya, The allies did not know that.

Gubernur Militer Aceh, Langkat dan Tanah Karo TEUKU DAUD BEUREUEH

 

Pada permulaan tahun 1948,

 Gubernur Militer Aceh, Langkat dan Tanah Karo TEUKU DAUD BEUREUEH, menetapkan kedua daerah Tambang Minyak ini disatukan dengan nama Tambang Minyak Gubernur Militer Sumut Aceh, berkedudukan di Langsa, dibawah Pimpinan Umum Mayor Jendral Tituler AMIR HUSIN AL MUDJAHID dan sebagai Wakilnya ditunjuk ABDUL RAHMAN untuk urusan Administrasi dan DJOHAN untuk Urusan Tehnik.

Setelah persetujuan RENVILE 1948 ditanda tangani, penduduk yang selama ini pindah mengungsi ke pinggir-pinggir kota, kembali pulang memasuki kota Pangkalan Berandan yang telah musnah hancur berantakan rata dengan tanah.

Atas persetujuan bantuan dan pengawasan Batalyon XVII Resimen V KSBO terhadap buruh-buruh Tambang Minyak yang tidak ikut mengungsi ke Daerah Aceh, mengingat kesulitan dan penderitaan hidup dimasa perjuangan itu, dibenarkan secara bergotong-royong mulai membersihkan puing-puing yang berserakan dengan maksud agar dapat membuat penyulingan kecil-kecilan yang hasilnya diharapkan akan dapat sekedar menutupi kebutuhan pokok sehari-hari.

Setelah penyerahan kedaulatan, Residen ABDUL KARIM, MS dari Medan pernah mengusulkan ke Pemerintah Pusat untuk terus mengusahakan Tambang Minyak di Pangkalan Berandan, ia meminta tambahan modal untuk Rehabilitasi. Dari Jakarta tidak mendapat jawaban apapun akhirnya keadaan Perusahaan tetap terlantar seperti biasa, rumput-rumput di Areal bekas Tambang Minyak Pangkalan Berandan semakin tinggi dan akar-akar berbagai tanaman telah merayap kemana-mana menutupi wajah Tambang Minyak yang telah luka parah itu.

 

Kantor Besar Tambang Minyak menjadi Puing-puing

 

Waktu berjalan terus, sampai Gubernur Militer DAUD BEUREUEH dalam perjuangan phisik dengan Belanda, mengkhawatirkan persediaan minyak untuk keperluan perjuangan bisa habis, oleh karena itulah maka beliau memerintahkan DJOHAN yang pada waktu itu berada di Aceh, agar kembali ke Pangkalan Berandan, untuk memperbaiki Instalasi Kilang Minyak yang masih dapat digunakan supaya dapat menghasilkan minyak untuk keperluan perjuangan.

Dibantu rekan-rekannya yang berpengalaman, diantaranya diantaranya DULLAH ANWAR, mereka memperbaiki STILL Pemasakan Bekas HDB yang berkapasitas 20.000 liter, secara berangsur – angsur mulailah kembali para pengungsi dari Aceh, walau belum mendapat izin secara resmi.

Setelah Agresi Belanda mereda, dibulan Pebruari 1948 datanglah DJOHAN yang kelak menjadi salah seorang tokoh Minyak di Pangkalan Berandan, untuk mengkaji perbaikan Kilang lebih lanjut bersama WAPOSO PARLINDUNGAN yang menjadi Wakil Pemerintahan pada waktu itu. Mereka mengajak seluruh pegawai yang pernah bekerja di Pangkalan Berandan untuk memperbaiki keadaan. Usaha yang cuma bermodalkan semangat perjuangan tanpa didukung oleh sarana dan fasilitas yang memadai akhirnya menemui kegagalan.

 

Pasca Bumi Hangus, Puing-puing berserakan

Keadaan seperti itu terbengkalai hingga beberapa tahun, walau beberapa Pejabat Pemerintah RI seperti Komisi-komisi DPR, Menteri-menteri yang datang menunjau pada waktu itu dengan dalih memikirkan masa depan Perusahaan Tambang Minyak Pangkalan Berandan, namun hasilnya tetap saja NIHIL, kedatangan mereka disambut dengan penuh harapan akan pembangunan Tambang Minyak akan tetapi begitu mereka kembali keadaanpun mejadi sepi lagi, apa yang telihat disana, selain puing-puing besi tua yang berserakan dan gubuk-gubuk liar yang dibangun oleh rakyat sementara menunggu Perusahaan itu aktif kembali .. !!

Keadaan semacam itu berlangsung terus hingga datang Agresi Militer II Pihak Belanda, tanggal 19 Desember 1948. kembali demi mencegah tambang minyak agar tidak dikuasai oleh Pihak Belanda, Pejuang Republik Indonesia di Pangkalan Berandan terpaksa untuk kedua kalinya membumi hanguskan ladang Minyak kecintaan mereka.

Maka perusahaan Tambang Minyak Pangkalan Berandan kembali menjadi Puing puing berserakan. Pangkalan Berandan dengan demikian mengalami 3 (tiga) kali pembumi hangusan ( Pertama oleh Belanda menjelang Pendudukan Jepang, kedua oleh Pihak Republik saat Agresi-I Militer  Belanda dan yang ketiga juga oleh Pihak Republik saat Agresi-II Militer Belanda). Kegiatan Perminyakan di Sumatera Bagian Utara masa itu menjadi terpusat pada PERMIRI di Langsa, Aceh.

PERMIRI (Perusahaan Minyak Republik Indonesia) Aceh, dengan Kilang Minyak yang mencapai kapasitas 40 ton per hari, sangat membantu perjuangan bangsa Indonesia di Sumatera Utara dan sekitarnya. Produksi minyak bumi dari PERMIRI itu dihasilkan dari Lapangan Minyak Rantau, Paluh Tabuhan, Rantau Panjang, Peurlak, Juluk Reuyeuk Darat, Telaga Said, Arubay Oebong, Pase dan Serang Jaya.

Kilang di Langsa ini didirikan pada tahun 1943, pada waktu itu Kilang di Pimpin oleh 3 (tiga) pegawai Jepang, yang dikepalai oleh seorang Letnan II Angkatan Darat Jepang dan 3 orang lulusan Sekolah Tambang Minyak Pangkalan Berandan (Nampo Sekyu Kagyo Gakko). Kilang ini berlokasi tersembunyi di Kebun Karet Paya Beuyok, agar Pihak sekutu tidak mengetahuinya.

 

 

 

 

Perjuangan NRI Di sumatera barat

  1. 1.      Menjaga Batas Renville/Insiden Tapakis


Para pimpinan di Sumatera yang terpusat di Bukittinggi sudah memperkirakan akan meletusnya kembali peperangan dan Belanda akan mengkhianati Perjanjian Renville yang disahkan pada tanggal

 17 Januari 1948,

  1. 2.     yang kemudian dikenal dengan Agresi Militer Belanda II.
    Pada hari Sabtu pukul 23.30 Wib

 

 

Perjuangan NRI Jambi at Kuala Tungkal

PERIOD OF 1948

A. Dutch navy Tungkal Often Go Into River While Doing shooting

On June 4, 1948, Patrol Boats / Speed ​​Boat Navy Tungkal Dutch entered the river, shooting at the port and the boarding of the TNI in the way of prosperity, contact this gun running dive 1 (one) hour. In this battle we killed a Navy named Private AL. A. Mana. Viewing from the harbor shore land army / navy and army reserve to fight a very persistent, Patrol Boats Dutch retreated to open sea.

On July 20, 1948, the Dutch warship reentered Tungkal river, from the sea is warship firing kepertahanan Army / Army and the Army / Navy (judging by the defense now Army / Army and the Army / Navy Ancol Beach in coastal areas). In the battle this fall on the Army / Army Private A. Kadir Shawwal and in the army / navy Private Basri Sete, for 2 (two) hours Trenches coastal regions III to Household of King Ulu trench I continue bombarded by cannon fire and mortar and other automatic weapons.

 

 

the Djokjakarta  Set stamp,80 cent borobudur stupa design, mirror image stamp. All value (60 cent  RI flag

and 80 cent- borobudur stupa) exist in several slightly different colour shade. the postally used 50 cent  found in june,15th ,1947 cds Jakarta and the 80 cent in 11.7.47 cds Djakarta.

 

the extreme  rare (RRRRR)  on money orde fragment of Middle Sumatra Local Repoeblic Indonesia stamp, machinal type Rep.Indonesia ,used cds bagan siapi-api, only two exist, one in Den Haag musem Mr Ricardo Collection off cover blocktwo stamps, an this Dr Iwan collections.

 

The Dutch East Indies Colony (present day Indonesia) was occupied by Japan during WW II and afterwards Indonesian rebels under Sukarno and Suharto established an independence of sorts.

In 1947

 the Dutch initiated Operatie Product (“Operation Product”), it’s Politionele acti (“Police Action”) to recapture Indonesia. A key to Operation Product was the elite Para Combat Group.

In the broad daylight of December 19, 1948,

 a force of 320 Dutch Commandos parachuted at 3000 feet from C-47 transports into Maguwo airport outside of the rebel capital of Jakarta.

The force then proceeded to capture the stunned Indonesian rebel government including Sukarno with little resistance. Ten days later the force parachuted into the vitally important Djambi oilfields on Sumatra. Less than a week passed and the commandos made a third jump on January 5, 1949 into the Rengat and Ajer Molek oilfields.

After serving as something of a fire brigade the Para Combat Group made a fourth jump in March on the southern part of the island of Java.

These operations were the first time that paratroopers had been used in combat since WW II by any country and the raids had been textbook. Sixty commandos lost their lives in combat and accidents during this time period and all of their objectives were met. This severely demoralized the Indonesian forces, but United Nations diplomatic intervention prevented further action. The Netherlands had a total of over 120,000 soldiers and sailors who served in Indonesia 1945-1949. Of these 4,751 were killed.

On December 27, 1949

 the Dutch government transferred sovereignty to Indonesia and the Para Combat Group disbanded early in 1950.The unit was reformed in the Netherlands

 in July 1950

as the Korps Commandotroepen (Corps of Commando-troops). They are better known by the acronym KCT. In its new name it has seen combat service in Korea, held the line with NATO during the Cold War, and served on peacekeeping duties in Suriname, Lebanon, the Sinai, Haiti, and Kosovo. They still wear the Green Beret.


{1946-1950}

Langka banget ngeliat foto RTO TNI jaman perang kemerdekaan

 

 

 

 

Dr iwan picture in 1948(3 years old) at Kali Ketjil behind Tanah Kongsi market Padang city west sumatra,(1) alone (2) with Mother Diana lanny and brother Edhie,sister Elina and Erlita this pictures had  taken by his father Djohan oetama,have given to grandpa Gho Kim thian, after the war Dr iwan found this pictures in the cupboard and keep until now.

 

 

Source

http://trimudilah.blogspot.com/2010/09/abdul-qahhar-mudzakkar-sang-patriot.html

Untuk membantu para pejuang di wilayah Indonesia Timur yang sedang mengadakan perlawanan terhadap penjajah Belanda.

 

Letnan Kolonel Abdul Qahhar sebagai komandan TRIPS merangkap sebagai komandan KGS (Kesatuan Grup Seberang), pada tahun 1946 awal mengirimkan ekspedisi tenaga pejung dari Jawa ke Sulawesi dan juga ke daerah-daerah Indonesia Timur lainnya. Sehingga di Sulawesi pada tahun 1947 sudah terorganisir empat batalyon pejuang yang dipimpin oleh Kaso Abdul Gani, Andi Selle, Andi Sose dan Arief Rate. 

Di awal tahun 1948

metode pengiriman tidak lagi berombongan tetapi dilakukan perorangan, berdua atau dalam kelompok kecil

 

January 1948

Soon after the military operation, the United Nations became involved, leading to the announcement of a ceasefire in January of 1948,

soon followed by a formal armistice. As a consequence, what was previously considered to be an internal Dutch affair now took on an international dimension

the UN Security Council ordered a cease-fire and established a committee to broker a truce and a renewal of negotiations. The Indonesian Republic nominated Australia to sit on that committee.

 

The committee produced the Renville Truce Agreement of January 1948..

ILLUSTRATION OF THE MEETING AT HOTEL DES iNDES JAKARTA BETWEEN REPOEBLIK iNDONESIA AND DUTCH DELEGATION UNDER KTN SUPERVISION.

 

ILLUSTRATION OF HAJI AGUS SALIM AND WIFE JOINED THE RESEPTION AT HOTEL DES INDES JAKARTA

 

In 1948

A UN ‘Committee on Good Offices’ acted as an intermediary but could not prevent Dutch suspicions of the Republic’s intentions leading to a second military operation in 1948. Once again the UN intervened and this time a UN Commission for Indonesia (UNCI) was set up with powers to prepare for the transfer of sovereignty.

 

January,1st.1948

Koeala Leidong emergency Notes

 


2.500 (Doea Riboe Lima Ratoes) Roepiah, 1 Januari 1948 (KUKI H-604)

 

 

Hatta and abdul kadir during Kaliurang conference in 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pontianal city canal in january 1st 1948

 

 

 

 

Native Malay  bouse

and

 

 pontionak harbor in 1948other place

 

Katen Village in January,1st.1948

 

 

Local Atjeh Paper mnoeny in January 1948

January,2nd.1948

 

Quotations (excerpt) Resident Assessment NRI West Sumatra

Bukittinggi 2 January 1948

Resident OUR WEST SUMATRA

Considering that the necessary renewal of the appointment of permanent purveyor of State revenues that are in a financial environment and the residency of western Sumatra, Given Bb 10 843

SETTING While repeal regulations that conflict with this ketapan, depositor is required on the list attached herewith, to deposit the reception environment of the West Sumatran residency to the State Treasury (helper).

A copy of this ordinance be sent to:

(1) PT (Excellency Mr.) State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in London. (2) PT Sumatera Province Governor in the United Kingdom (3) PT Sumatera Province Chief Financial Officer at Bukit Tinggi (4) PT Head Office of State Finance settlement Sumatra Province (5) PT Head of Audit General of West Sumatra Province (6) PT Head Office of State Finance Sumatra settlement in New York City (7) PT Head Office Finance Department Resident in Bukittinggi West Sumatra (8) PT Supervisor PTTT Central Sumatra Bukittinggi (9) Supervisory PTT PT Sumatera center in New York City (10) PTT Head Post Office in London (11) Head Post Office in Pajakumbuh (12) PT Head Post Office in Padang Pandjang (13) PT Head of the State Treasury in London (14) PT Chief Officer of West Sumatra to be understood and passage to those declared to be known and in Pedomani.

Same sound with the list above

Head Office of the State Money Calculation

Signed by (DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

LIST OF APPENDICES BESLIT resident of West Sumatra 1948 NO DATE 2 NAURI BT/XII/2/10

(1) purveyor: Gripir District Court in Boekittinggi  City

(2) Type the paid-up: Reception following provisions (beslit) etc.

(3) Time to deposit: No later than the 10th of each month cash deposit: Bukittinggi

 

This quote is used sent without postage stamps from the stamp Duty-Free Service department Affairs Office of the affairs of state resident Calculation Money WEST SUMATRA (round stamp),

 there is no stamp Postage, possibly delivered by a courier. (Collection of rare, important to history because of the financial system known residency Sumatra

Sumatra province west and residing in London as well as the head post office that oversees all areas of the republic in western sumatera Bukittinggi, Pajakumbuh and field length, while the post office in Padang in accordance with agreements under the NICA lingarjati emarkasi boundary line in Lubuk Alung)

original info:

Kutipan(Petikan) Ketetapan Residen NRI Sumatera Barat

Bukittinggi 2 januari 1948

KAMI RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT

Menimbang bahwa perlu dilakukan pembaruan penunjukkan penyetor tetap penerimaan Negara yang mengenai dan berada dalam lingkungan keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat, Mengingat Bb 10843

MENETAPKAN Sambil mencabut peraturan yang bertentangan dengan ketapan ini , diharuskan penyetor yang dimaksud pada daftar terlampir bersama ini,melakukan penyetoran dari penerimaaan dilingkungan keresidenan sumatera Barat kepada Kas Negara (pembantu).

Salinan ketetapan ini dikirimkan kepada:

(1) P.T.(paduka Tuan) Komisaris Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukittinggi.(2) PT Gubernur Provinsi Sumatera di Bukittinggi(3)PT Kepala Pejabat Keuangan Provinsi Sumatera di Bukit Tinggi(4) PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Provinsi Sumatera(5)PT Kepala Pemeriksa Keuangan Umum Provinsi Sumatera Barat(6)PT Kepala Kantor Pemberesan Keuangan Negara Sumatera di Bukittinggi(7)PT Pimpinan Bagian Keuangan Kantor Residen sumatera Barat di Bukittinggi(8) PT Pengawas PTTT Sumatera Tengah di Bukittinggi(9)PT Pengawas PTT Sumatera tengah di Bukittinggi(10) PTT Kepala Kantor Pos di Bukittinggi(11 )Kepala Kantor Pos di Pajakumbuh(12)PT Kepala Kantor Pos di Padang Pandjang(13)PT Kepala Kas Negara di Bukittinggi(14) PT Kepala Pejabat Sumatera Barat untuk dimaklumi dan petikan kepada yang berkepentingan untuk diketahui dan di Pedomani.

Sama bunyinya dengan daftar yang tersebut diatas

Kepala Kantor Urusan Perhitungah Uang Negara

Ditanda Tangani Oleh(DTO)

Boerhanoeddin

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN BESLIT RESIDEN SUMATERA bARAT TANGGAL 2 JANUARI 1948 NO BT/XII/2/10

(1)Penyetor : Gripir Pengadilan Negeri di Bukittinggi

(2)Jenis yang disetor penerimaan berikut dengan ketetapan(beslit) dsb

(3) Waktu menyetor: Paling lambat tanggal 10 tiap bulan Kas penyetoran: Bukittinggi

Kutipan ini dipergunakan dikirim tanpa prangko stempel Dinas Bebas Bea dari stempel dinas Kantor urusan Urusan Perhitungan Uang negara RESIDEN SUMATERA BARAT(stempel bulat), tidak ada stempel Pos,mungkin diantar oleh kurir.(koleksi langka ,penting untuk sejarah karena diketahui sistem keuangan keresidenan Sumatera barat dan provinsi sumatera yang berada di Bukittinggi serta kepala kantor pos yang mengawasi seluruh daerah republik di suamtera barat Bukittinggi,Pajakumbuh dan padang Panjang, sedangkan kantor pos Padang dibawah NICA sesuai dengan perjanjian lingarjati batas garis demarkasi di Lubuk alung)

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

1948
Sukarno and GOC member Thomas Critchley

 

 
July 1948
GOC members with Sukarno and Hatta

 

 

January 1948
Renville conference

 

 

1949 Bangka
G
ood Offices Committee (GOC)
meeting with the exiled Indonesian government leaders

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

January,7th.1948

the rare Change of adress stationer dancer 2 cend card send from  soerabaia to Malang

 

 

 

January,10th.1948

 

Bung Karno caricature in January 1948

JANUARY,11TH.1948

 

The primemenister of NIT Anak Agung Gde agung  arrived at Kemayoran airport jakarta “Disambut” NRI menistry Moh,Natsir (two photos)

 

and the sametime vice Presiden Moh, Hatta  and St Sjahri arrive at Kemayoran from their vist abroad.(two photos).

 

and afetr that  Vice Presiden Moh.Hatta fly to Jogjakarta, look the illustration when he arrived at Maguwo jogya airport ,the picture  of his wife Rahmi Hatta with the eldery child Muetia Hatta(three photos)

January,12th.1948

 

The earliest used sumatra local repoeblik indonesia revenue  f 75 single label fragment,the latest 9/9.48 , the biggest variation collections(complete info only for specialist revenue collector and prmium member only)and the

 

 

 

January,13th.1948

IKW-Ikatan Warta Harian Jakrta(Newspape Organisation)  had protest  pembreidel(stop circulation) of berita Indonesia newspaper to KTN komisi Tinggi National (high national commision)

January,15th.1948

The Aceh Government issued Soekarno papermonery Rp.5.-(very rare collections)

 

 

 

Koeala Leidong emergency notes

 


5.000 (Lima Riboe) Roepiah, 15 Januari 1948 (KUKI H-605)

January 17th.1948

 

Renville agreement under UN auspices draws a ceasefire line favorable to Dutch.look the pictures of Indonesian Delegation during renville meeting ( two illustration)

The Renville Agreement which sign after the fourth meeting between  NRI delegetion,Dutch delegation and Dewan keaman Komisi tiga negara(KTN on Thre tsate Commision from United Nation),look two illustration,( complete document,only for premium member.please subscribed via comment)

Setelah Persetujuan Renville tanggal 17 Januari 1948, terciptalah Garis Van Mook. Di sekitar garis tersebut terdapat Polisi Keamanan yang mengawasi bila terjadi pelanggaran.

PERISTIWA PENGRUMASAN

Pada saat Perjanjian Renville sudah mendapat kepususn tanggal 17 januari 1948, salu akibatnya adalah Penghijarahan Kantong-kantong Tentara , maka pada suatu kampung Pengrumasan (daerah Gunung Cepu) terjadi perundingan sesuatu golongan dimana diantaranya dikunjungi oleh Hisbullah dan Sabillah. Diantara mereka yang hadir terdapat  juga orang seperti Oni, Kamran dan Nurlubis.

OPINI YANG TERDAPAT DALAM PERUNDINGAN INI TENTANG HASIL Perjanjian “Renville” ialah bahwa Rakyat Jawa Barat “mentah-mentah” “overgeleveerd”(menentang?)  terhadap kekuasaan Penjajah.

Tapi meskipun demikian mereka merasa perlu untuk tidak mengososngkan daerah Jawa barat, dari suatu Pemerintahan bukan Penjajah .

Disini Nurlubis mengemukakan amanat Kartosuwirjo, dengan pembentukan : Negara  Islam “ nya,tetapi saran tersebut tidak dapat diterima oleh kebanyakan Hadirin, sebab hal itu akan menyebabkan ada “double staat”(Dua Negera) ata keadaan Negara didalam lingkungan Republik Indonesia.

Pendapat ini tidak sedikit membuat Nurlubis Cs marah, dan ide Negara Ilsam itu akhirnya dipaksakan untuk diterima.Salah satu program perundingan di “Pengrumasan” kemudiannya adalah mencegat Tentara yang Hidjrah melalui darat dan dan meminta senjatanya.

(kempen 1955)

Info Kiai Jusuf Taujuri Tentang Kartosuwirjo

Waltu zaman “Renville” Tentara dihidjarkan ke Djokja, maka anggota-anggota Badan Perjuangan dan Sabillah yang tidak ikut Hidjarah, menarik diri dan berkumpul digunung Cepu.Waktu itu Kartosuwirjo juga mengajak saya lagi untuk memproklamirkan NII (Negara Islam Indonesia) , tetapi saya tetap menolaknya.

Tentang ide DI (Darul Islam) bagi Kartosuwirjo , bukang suatu barang baru atau kebetulan saja. Ia sudah memikirkannya sejak duhulu. Dan bila ada pihak yang mengatakan tindakan Kartosuwirjo itu adalah disebabkan beberapa pertentangan antara beberapa pihak semasu permulaan proklamasi adalah tidak benar.

Barangkali orang ingin thau mengapa Kartosuwirjo banyak menaruh perhatian kepada saya. Ini adalah tidak lain karena dilihatnya saya memiliki banyak pengaruh di wilayah Priangan Timur. Dan bila menuruti ajakannya gerak Darulam akan menjadi kuat.Tapi dengan sikap saya yang tetap berdiri dibelakang Proklamasi kemerdekaan 19 Agustus 1945 dengan dasar kehidupan Panca Sila , hal ini merupakan haling besar.Kartosuwirjo selalu berusaha selalu bersuha untuk menghacurkan saya.Ini terbukti dengan serangan=serangannya yang sudah kurang lebih 30 kali yang ditujukan kepada saya.Perjuangan Gunung Cepu itu disokong oleh Pemerintah di Djokja.

Kemudian Gunung Cepu dapat diterobos oleh Tentara Belanda, sehingga pasukan Perjuangan terpecah dan terpencar keberbagai tempat.Sesudah itu saya tidak mendengar lagi mengenai Kartosuwirjo.

(kempen 1955)

Info Kiai Jusuf Taujuri Tentang Kartosuwirjo

Waltu zaman “Renville” Tentara dihidjrahkan ke Djokja, maka anggota-anggota Badan Perjuangan dan Sabillah yang tidak ikut Hidjarah, menarik diri dan berkumpul digunung Cepu.Waktu itu Kartosuwirjo juga mengajak saya lagi untuk memproklamirkan NII (Negara Islam Indonesia) , tetapi saya tetap menolaknya.

Tentang ide DI (Darul Islam) bagi Kartosuwirjo , bukang suatu barang baru atau kebetulan saja. Ia sudah memikirkannya sejak duhulu. Dan bila ada pihak yang mengatakan tindakan Kartosuwirjo itu adalah disebabkan beberapa pertentangan antara beberapa pihak semasu permulaan proklamasi adalah tidak benar.

Barangkali orang ingin thau mengapa Kartosuwirjo banyak menaruh perhatian kepada saya. Ini adalah tidak lain karena dilihatnya saya memiliki banyak pengaruh di wilayah Priangan Timur. Dan bila menuruti ajakannya gerak Darulam akan menjadi kuat.Tapi dengan sikap saya yang tetap berdiri dibelakang Proklamasi kemerdekaan 19 Agustus 1945 dengan dasar kehidupan Panca Sila , hal ini merupakan haling besar.Kartosuwirjo selalu berusaha selalu bersuha untuk menghacurkan saya.Ini terbukti dengan serangan=serangannya yang sudah kurang lebih 30 kali yang ditujukan kepada saya.Perjuangan Gunung Cepu itu disokong oleh Pemerintah di Djokja.

Kemudian Gunung Cepu dapat diterobos oleh Tentara Belanda, sehingga pasukan Perjuangan terpecah dan terpencar keberbagai tempat.Sesudah itu saya tidak mendengar lagi mengenai Kartosuwirjo.

(kempen 1955)

Hasil Interview Pedagang S didaerah Darul Islam Tentang Kartosuwirjo

Pada masa sebelum adanya penyerahan Kedaulatan saya menjalankan perdagangan didaerah Sealatan Tasikmalaya, yang saya ketahui tentang Darul islam hanya sebagian saja. Sesudah gunung Cepu didobrak Tentara Belanda , gerombolan Kartosuwirjo pindah kedaerah Leuwisari / Cigalontang (daerah tasikmalaya).Tempat inilah yang apa yang dinamakan Medinah.

Kdudukan Kartosuwirjo saat itu tidaklah didsea Tjidugaleun, Pengertia semula DI bukanlah Darul Islam , tetapi hanya sebagai penunjuk pembagian daerah

 dimana D ( daerah) I ( Satu). Merupakan daerah yang dikuasai oleh Barisan Perjuangan Republik Indonesia.

(Kempen 1955)

January 21th.1948

Dutch found “Negara Madura” government on Madura.

January,22th.1948

Berita Indonesia newspaper get permission to circulate again

 

January 23th.1948

Sjarifuddin resigns as Prime Minister; the “Left Wing/Sayap Kiri” parties go into opposition.Sukarno appoints Hatta to head an emergency cabinet answerable to President.Dutch organize “Daerah Banjar” government on Kalimantan. Republican forces under Hasan Basry continue fighting from the countryside.

The Renville agreement called for a truce along the so-called “Van Mook line”. The original draft did not even mention the Republic. Amendments were added that included mention of the Republic of Indonesia after the United States applied pressure on the Dutch, and it was only then that the Indonesians agreed.The PNI, Masyumi, and Tan Malaka all opposed the Renville agreement.

January,24th,1948

 

The Java Banaran village chief(kepala desa)’informed letter,”Surat keterangan” about the owner of Radio Erres want ot sold the radio at Solo,with rare NRI Village’s cheaf official stamped,

 

 

January,25th.1948

separatist political ranglkaian Netherlands in an attempt to cripple the position of the Republic of Indonesia on the island of Madura is propaganda by causing a psychotic attack (angstphsychose “against what they say” the occupation of the Republic “that madura” dianak-tirikan ‘ step son by the Republic, which raised the “instict tot zelf behoud” desire to set himself an incentive to secede from the republic of Indonesia. With this trick, the Dutch tried to lure people Harti madura to set up a “State of Madura ‘own. on January 25, 1948 Elections were held in Madura people to choose the form of the State of Madura and the dated 20mPebruari keputusan WTM 1948 came the letter that recognizes the Madurese as the Netherlands. shown in the picture below Walinegara Madura tjakraningrat beside Van der PLaas and Geral Majoor Baay

Suatu rangkaian politik separatis Belanda dalam usahanya melumpuhkan kedudukan Republik Indonesia ialah propagandanya di Pulau Madura dengan menimbulkan suatu serangan psikotik(angstphsychose” terhadap apa yang mereka katakan”penjajahan Republik” bahwa madura “dianak-tirikan’ oleh Republik,sehingga timbul “instict tot zelfbehoudZ” keingingan mengatur sendiri  yang menjadi pendorong untuk memisahkan diri dari republik Indonesia. Dengan muslihat demikian,belanda berusaha memikat harti rakyat madura supaya mendirikan “Negara madura’ sendiri. pada tanggal 25 Januari 1948 di Madura diadakan Pemilihan rakyat  untuk memilih bentuk Negara bagi Madura dan pada tanggal 20mPebruari 1948 datanglah surat keputudsan WTM Belanda yang mengakui Madura sebagai . Tampak pada gambar dibawah ini Walinegara Madura Tjakraningrat disamping Van der PLaas dan geral majoor Baay.

 

January,27th,1948

PIM-partai Indonesia Merdeka(Indonesia Independence Party) Jakarta branch had protest to KTN  in order to off the forbiden to meeting(mencabut larangan berkumpul)

Koeala Leidong emergency notes

 

 

10.000 (Sepuluh Ribu) Rupiah, 27 Djanuari 1948 (KUKI H-606)

January29th.1948

(a)the earliest used single label local sumatra  green paper revenue f 75,- the latest  30/6.48 many colour variations.

 

 

February 1948

After several month In aceh,The Young_Gouvernue North Zsumatara Mr. SM Amin in february 1948 was appointed as the “Hakim Pengadilan tinggi” at Bukittinggi.

(1)Sjahrir forms PSI (Partai Sosialis Indonesia), supports Sukarno.”Left Wing” under Amir Sjarifuddin renames itself People’s Democratic Front (Front Demokrasi Rakyat). Sjarifuddin criticizes the Renville agreement.Col. Nasution leads Siliwangi division out of West Java to Central Java

(2)The Dutch blockaded the areas under control of the Republic of Indonesia around this time, causing shortages of food and medicine.
(3)Provisional 50 Rupiah note for “Daerah Banten”, Republik Indonesia, 1948.

Local papermoney Mandat Asahan East Sumatra

 

Sign by Usman J and Abdullah Etli

 

25 Rupiah – Lintang IV Lawang District – Pendopo 17-1-1949

 

 

50.000 Rupiah – Asahan Regency – Special Mandate – April 1948

 

 

50 Rupiah – Palembang District – 1-8-1947

 

Local NRI Djambi coupon one roepiah  paper money in 1948

February,1st.1948

(a)GPRI_Gerakan Plebisit RI founding lead by Mr Ali Budiardjo.

(b) The rare Official NRI Aceh newspaper “WARTA MINGGOEAN”WEEKLY PAPERS

SIXTH INDONESIAN CABINET;

Prime minister: Vicel President Hatta, interior minister (Dr Sukiman Wirjosandjojo, foreign minister (Haji agus sakim), the Minister of Finance (Mr.AAMaramis), Justice Minister (Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo), Kemakmoeran (Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara) <Stock people food (Ignatius zJosef Kasimo), Health (Dr Johannes Leimena), Teaching, education and kedudayaan (Mr Ali Sastroatmidjojo), Lighting (Mohamad Natzir), Labour and Social Affairs (Koesnan), with establishment and Youth (Soepebo), Transportation (Ir Raden Djoeanda), Public Works ad interim (Ir.r.Djoeanda), Religion (Kiai Haji Masjkoer) <Ad Interim Defense (Drs Moh.Hatta) and non-portfolio Minister (Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

LAW ON THE SELECTION OF TEMPORARY MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Atjeh

PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT mourn the demise GANDHI

1900 FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF DATE 3 FEB. WILL DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 01/31/48. Major Jnedral Djatikoesoemo Republic, komadan divis VTN 1 that since the need to implement the cease-weapon carriage dasn Forces of the Republic of the area supervised by the Dutch in West Java tealh come to visit the area yesterday afternoon and arrived back in Surabaya, will soon depart the aircraft Dakota USA back to Djokja, alleged today akn back to Suarbaya. More than 1900 troops Bandung rumored that the delivery of the Battalion III yangterkenal republic under the leadership of captain Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema Tuesday, February 3, will be collected.

THE MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC fly to dJOKJA. Djkarta 01/31/48. This morning the Minister of the Republic is now in ZJakarta tealh went to Jogjakarta with an aircraft and Committee Services Offers both, participated in a plane itutermasuk nachoda ship visit to Djokja Renville participate. Among the authorities of the Republic there are parents Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara Moh.Roem Leimena, H. Agus Salim and Mr. Tamsil.

TRANSFER OF FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC.

Djokja 31/01/48. On removal of troops from the West Java region, Aneta pasuka it proclaims that as many as possible will be transported by train. Now they are transported to the place-Temat located along the railroad as Tjiandjoer, Padalarang and Poewkarta. According to Radio Hilversum, the place is going to gather THI 5000 soldiers, from here they will be transported to Tjirebon and by boat departing from the stricken area Repoeblik.Pasukan Tasikmalaja stricken republic would have to come by train. Tjiandjoer removal of troops expected to be completed by February 1 to come.

After PLACE OF NEGOTIATIONS, Djkarta 01/31/48. Merdeka kalanggan obtain news from the always reliable, that the republic delegation has put forward the proposal that negotiations be held alternately in New York after 14 days and in Jogjakarta. Special Committee of Good Offices tealh objected to it because of how it will complicate the work of negotiating a fixed panitia.Suatu place and satisfactory for both parties still sought. Furthermore, the Free Daily paniteraan proclaim that the republic will be entirely pndah delegation from New York to Djokja.

originalinfo

KABINET INDONESIA KEENAM;

Perdana menteri: Wakiol Presiden NRI Hatta,Menteri dalam negeri(Dr Soekiman Wirjosandjojo,Menteri luar negeri(Hadji agus sakim),Menteri Keuangan(Mr.A.A.Maramis),Menteri Kehakiman(Mr Soesanto Tirtoprodjo),Kemakmoeran(Mr Sjafruddin Prawiranegara)<Persediaan Makanan rakyat(Ignatius zJosef Kasimo),Kesehatan(Dr Johannes Leimena),Pengajaran,pendidikan dan kedudayaan(Mr ZAli Sastroatmidjojo),Penerangan(Mohamad Natzir),Perburuhan dan Sosial(Koesnan),Pembanguna dan Pemuda(Soepebo),Perhubungan(Ir Raden Djoeanda),Pekerjaan Umum ad interim(Ir.r.Djoeanda),Agama(Kiai Hadji Masjkoer)<Pertahanan ad Interim (Drs Moh.Hatta) dan Menteri non portofolio(Hemangkoe Boewono IX.

UNDANG UNDANG SEMENTARA TENTANG MEMILIH ANGGOTA DEWAN PERWAKILAN ATJEH

pRESIDEN DAN WAKIL PRESIDEN BERDUKACITA ATAS KEMANGKATAN GANDHI

1900 PASUKAN REPUBLIK TANGGAL 3 FEB. AKAN DIKUMPULKAN.Medan 31/1/48. Jendral Major Republik Djatikoesoemo ,komadan divis VTN 1 yang berhubung perlunya melaksanakan Gencatan sejata dasn pengangkutan Pasukan Republik dari daerah yang diawasi oleh Belanda di Jawa barat tealh datang untuk mengunjungi daerah tersebut dan kemarin sore telah tiba kembali di surabaya ,segera akan berangkat dengan pesawat terbang Dakota USA kembali ke Djokja, diduga hari ini akn kembali lagi ke Suarbaya. Lebih lanjut dari Bandung dikabarkan bahwa 1900 pasukan republik diantarnya Batalion III yangterkenal dibawah pimpinan kapten Ahmad Wiranata Koesoema hari selasa tanggal 3 pebruari akan dikumpulkan.

Para Menteri republic Indfonesia terbang Ke Djokja Dajkarta 31.1.48.

Pagi hari ini para Menteri Republik yang kini berada di ZJakarta tealh bertolak ke Djokjakarta dengan sebuah pesawat terbang dan Panitia Penawaran Jasa baik,turut serta dalam pesawat itutermasuk nah=achoda kapal renville ikut melawat ke Djokja. Diantara para pembesar Republik terdapat tua Sjarifuddin Prawiranegara, Moh.Roem<Leimena,H.Agus salim dan Mr Tamsil.

PEMINDAHAN PASUKAN REPUBLIK. Djokja 31/1.48. Tentang pemindahan pasukan TNI dari daerah Jawa barat, Aneta mewartakan bahwa pasuka itu sebanyak mungkin akan diangkut dengan kereta api. Kini mereka diangkut ketempat-temat yang terletak disepanjang jalan kereta api seperti Tjiandjoer,Padalarang dan Poewkarta. Menurut Radio Hilversum,ditempat tersebut akan berkumpul 5000 prajurit THI, dari sini mereka akan diangkut ke Tjirebon dan dengan kapal kedaerah Repoeblik.Pasukan yang berangkat dari Tasikmalaja akan di datangkan kedaerah Repoeblik dengan kereta api. Pemindahan pasukan dari Tjiandjoer diharap akan selesai tanggal 1 pebruari yang akan datang.

USAI TENTANG TEMPAT PERUNDINGAN,Djkarta 31/1/48. Surat kabar Merdeka memperoleh kabar dari kalanggan yang senantiasa dapat dipercaya, bahwa delegasi Repoeblik telah mengemukakan usul  supaya perundingan diadakan berganti-ganti sesudah 14 hari di Djakarta dan Di djokjakarta. Panitia Penawaran Jasa Baik telah berkeberatan terhadap hal itu karena cara itu akan menyulitkan pekerjaan  panitia.Suatu tempat perundingan yang tetap dan memuaskan bagi kedua belah pihak masih terus dicari. SElanjutnya Harian Merdeka mewartakan bahwa ke paniteraan delegasi Repoeblik seluruhnya akan pndah dari Djakarta ke Djokja.

 

 

 

 

Februari 1948

kegiatan Masyumi di Jawa Barat dibekukan dan diganti dengan Majelis Umat Islam dan mengangkat Kartosuwiryo sebagai imam dari Negara Islam Indonesia (NII). Kartosuwiryo juga membentuk Tentara Islam Indonesia(TII).

 

February,2nd.1948

 

PM Moh Hatta,dr Soekiman,H.A.Salim, Mr Soesnato tirtoprodjo,Mr A.A.Maramis,Mr Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara,J.Kasimo,Mr Ali sastroamidjojo, Dr J.Leimena,K.H.Maskoer, Ir Djoeanda, Hemangkoeboewono IX

 

NRI Bung Hatta Cabinet in February,2nd.1948

 

Moh Roem pictures in February 1948

February,4th.1948

Jakarta had choosed thier  “perwakilan” to join West Java conference R.sujoso,Harun Alrasjid and R.Abunjamin.

February ,6th.1948

 

NRI Passport no.0028 President of the Republic of Indonesia dated February 6, 1948, the opium smuggling trio dihunakan RI (Kamajaya, Tonny Subeno and Wen)

 

, was not dberlaku in singapore, so wen Tonny was arrested and several months of languishing in prison, but they managed to RI baik

 

.Markas opium smuggling in Mitre Hotel, Kiliney Road, Singapore (4 photo illustration), while also H. Karkono involved in smuggling opium Partokusumo RI, belaiu then Assistant Ministry of Finance in Singapore, under the coordination of former Ambassador Mukarto Notowidigdo large and Foreign Minister in charge to smuggle the opium. (apparently correct RI for the state Treasury to smuggle opium, as alleged in the Dutch newspaper in 1947)

original info:

Paspor NRI no.0028  Presiden Republik Indonesia tanggal 6 pebruari 1948, yang dihunakan tiga sekawan penyeludupan candu RI (Kamajaya,Subeno dan Tonny Wen) , ternyata tidak  dberlaku di singapore, sehingga Tonny wen ditangkap dan beberapa bulan mendekam dalam tahanan ,tetapi mereka berhasil dengan baik.Markas penyeludupan candu RI di Mitre Hotel,Kiliney Road,singapore(4 illustrasi foto), selain itu juga H.Karkono Partokusumo  terlibat dalam penyeludupan candu RI tersebut,belaiu  saat itu Pembantu Kementerian Keuangan RI di singapura,dibawah koordinasi Mukarto Notowidigdo bekas Duta besar dan Menteri Luar negeri yang bertugas menyeludupkan Candu tersebut.(ternyata benar RI untuk keperluan Keuangan negara menyeludupkan Candu,seperti yang dituduhkan Belanda dalam surat kabar tahun 1947)

 

 

February,8th.48

rare republic stamp used  cds .8.2.48..djakarta (djokjakarta?)on fragment ,design young man with tranportations ,anniversary three years Indonesia Independence day,VERY RARE USED STAMPS

 

 

February,7th.48

The rare Change Of Adress card dancer 3 cent, postally  used  from Surabaya to Malang (this  old  nede.indie 1941 card still used in 1948 until 1949 at federaal state area-Dr Iwan Notes.)

 

 

February,9th.1947

The express independence anniversary postal stationer card 10 cent added java repoeblik Indonesia definitive stamp 40 cent, sen from Tjaroeban to  Modjokerto,with express stamped and sencore”telah ditilik” postmark.  and madioen without date cds as the legalized original card from madioen.

February,10th.1949

Pada tanggal 9 February 1948, bertempat dikampung Pamedusun, distrik Tjasajo  Tasikmalaya. Kartosuwirjo mengadakan konperensi pertama dimana sebagai acaranya ialah pelaksanaan Ideologi Ke-Islaman oleh bentuk partai dirubah dalam bentuk kenegaraan yang konkrit.

Organisasi-organisasi Islam dikoordinir dibawah badan yang bernama “ Majelis Islam “

(kempen 1955)

February,10th.1948

(a)The Renville ship departured Tanjung Priok

(b) three member of “Pasukan Berani Mati ” which throwed Granat get sentece to death at Dutch Justice court,and sevent other get to jail.

(c) the Pamphlet”Lelang Paksa” from Bukittinggi  stae Justice court(Pengadilan Negeri Bukittinggi)

 

 

 

 

Koela Leidong emergency note

 


10.000 (Sepuluh Ribu) Rupiah, 10 Februari 1948 (KUKI H-607)

 

 

 

 

February,15th.1948

The rare Straigth handstamp mark TASIKMALAJA , on used postal stationer overprint 5 cent on 3 1/2 cent card  send from tasikmalaya to Pengalengan (langstamped)

 

Koela Leidong emergency note

 


250.000 (Dua Ratus Lima Puluh Ribu) Rupia, 15 Februari 1948 (KUKI H-610)

February,17th.1948

The recieved  of Money (kwitansi) f 1000, for repaird the car,by Repoeblic indonesia Traficc organisation (Dians lalulintas Sumatera barat ,now LLAJR),free revenue,with rare official NRI stamped.

 

February,20th.1948

The people  who enter their name to be the member of GPRI -Gerakan Plebisit Republik Indonesia at Cilincing were arrest by the Dutch.

Februry,22th.1948

Koeala  leidong emergency notes

 


25.000 (Dua Puluh Lima Ribu) Rupia, 22 Februari 1948 (KUKI H-608)

 

 

February,26th-1948

The Dai Nippon Java Card used with ned.Indie Karbouw 5 cent stamps send from Bandung to Pengalengan,bandoeng the capital of Pasundan State of Federaal Indonesia.

 

February,28th.1948

Pada akhir February 1948 Kartosuwirjo mengada Konperensi kedua dengan Keputusan nahwa pada Bulan Maret 1948 “Majelis Islam “ sudah harus berdiri

 (kempen 1955)

March 1948
Peletakkan karangan bunga di pemakaman militer oleh Letnan Gubernur Jenderal HJ van Mook, Wali Negara Sumatera Timur Dr Mansur
March 1948

March,3rd.1948

Koeala Leidong emergy notes

 

 


50.000 (Lima puluh Ribu) Rupia, 3 Maart 1948 (KUKI H-609)

the picture of Pasar baroe Djakarta postal Office during in Repoeblik Indonesia,Abdoel Rahman (rare photo)

1 rupiah, 31 March 1948 (H-574)

 

 

ANZMY

BOYLW (highest observed number 051469)

1 rupiah, 1 April 1948 (H-577)

 

 

BOYLW (lowest observed number 069544)

CPXKU

2 ½ rupiah, 27 December 1947 (H-571)

 

 

ANZMY (2)

BOYLW (2)

CPXKU (2)

DQWJS (2, 3)

ERVIQ ?

2 Numbers 5½ mm high: ANZMY, DQWJS

3 Numbers 5 mm high: BOYLW, CPXKU, DQWJS

2 ½ rupiah, 20 May 1948 (H-578)

 

 

ERVIQ ?

FSUHO

GTTGM

HUSFK

IVREI

JWQDG

KXPCE

LYOBC

MZNAA (4)

4 There are large quantities of this combination available on the collectors market.

5 rupiah, 27 December 1947 (H-572)

 

 

ANZMY (5)

BOYLW (6)

CPXKU (5)

DQWJS (6)

ERVIQ (6)

FSUHO (6)

GTTGM (5)

HUSFK

IVREI

JWQDG

KXPCE (5,6)

LYOBC (6)

5 Numbers 5½ mm high: ANZLMY, CPXKU, GTTGM, KXPCE

6 Numbers 5 mm high: BOYLW, DQWJS, ERVIQ, FSUHO, KXPCE, LYOBC

5 rupiah, 31 March 1948 (H-575)

 

 

This 5 rupiah note has two different types.

A. Text above the signature on the obverse: “Residen N.R.I. Djambi” (first type)

MZNAA

NAMZZ

OBLYX

PCKXV

QDJWT

REIVR

SFHUP

TGGTN

UHFSL

VIERJ

WJDQH

XKCPF (highest observed number 00355)

Fake: MWFSL

B. Text above the signature on the obverse: “RESIDEN N.R.I. DJAMBI” (second type)

5 letters:

XKCPF (lowest observed number 06459)

YLBOD

ZMANB

6 letters:

AbNZMY

BcOYLW

CdPXKU

 

 

 

 

 

5 rupiah, 20 May 1948 (H-579)

 

 

 

DeQWJS (7)

EfRVIQ

FgSUHO

GhTTGM

HiUSFK

IjVREI

JkWQDG

KeXPCE (8)

LmYOBC

MnZNAA

NoAMZZ

OpBLYX

PqCKXV

QrDJWT

RsEIVR

StFHUP

7 There are large quantities of this combination available on the collectors market.

8 KlXPCE is not observed, however KeXPCE is known. Possibly the letter ‘e’ is used to avoid confusion between the letter ‘l’ or the number ‘1’.

10 rupiah, 27 December 1947 (H-573)

 

 

ANZMY

BOYLW

CPXKU

DQWJS

ERVIQ

FSUHO

GTTGM

HUSFK

IVREI

JWQDG

KXPCE

LYOBC

MZNAA

Fake: BOULW

10 rupiah, 31 March 1948 (H-576)

 

 

NAMZZ

OBLYX

PCKXV

QDJWT

REIVR

SFHUP (9)

9 There are large quantities of this combination available on the collectors market.

25 rupiah, 20 May 1948 (H-580)

 

 

ANZMY (10)

BOYLW

CPXKU

DQWJS

ERVIQ

FSUHO

GTTGM

HUSFK

IVREI

JWQDG

KXPCE

LYOBC

MZNAA

NAMZZ

OBLYX

PCKXV

QDJWT

REIVR

SFHUP

TGGTN

10 There are large quantities of this combination available on the collectors market

 

 

March,5th.1948

(a)the very rare ontangbewijs(postpakket sending reciveced) sent from Batavia with very rare BATAVIA CENTRUM 4 MCH 48 square in box  violet .hand stamped

 

March,6th.1948

 

Sampul Militer 1948 Dikirim dari Batavia-Centrum 6-3-1948 DIENST Vrij van Port , dari O.D.O. (Opsporingsdienst van Overledenen) di bawah Departemen van Justitie. kepafda Letnan 1 Inf 1e Depot Bataljon di Bandoeng. (Dinas tsb di tugaskan untuk mencari orang2 yang sudah meninggal dunia di PD II tetapi belum pernah terdaftar atau tidak ketahui lokasi kuburan) Sampul langka

 

 

March 9th.1948

Van Mook creates a provisional government for federated Indonesia: the “Voorlopige Federale Regering”. The name “Nederlands-Indië” is changed to “Indonesië” in the Netherlands constitution

By this time, Van Mook saw that Indonesia would not remain a colony of the Netherlands forever. His actions became not so much efforts to keep the Netherlands Indies, as ways to manage a slow transition to self-rule.

March 1948

Source

http://www.zevendecemberdivisie.nl/diary10.html


I
woke up one morning with a terrible pain in my throat. I went to the doctor and it appeared I had problems with my tonsils.

 A week later I was visited by the administrator and told that I was being shipped to a hospital in Batavia.

The doctor had organised that I was to be operated on to have the problem with my tonsils solved. They had forgotten to tell me.

I used to write every two weeks and I wasn’t sure if I would have the opportunity to do that from hospital, I decided to send a quick note in between to let my parents know.

My father who had been a soldier himself thought that “ the shit had hit the fan” and I would be involved in actions that I could not talk about.
On the 9th of March 1948

 I travelled per ship, the SS Janssen, from Siantar to Belawan and from there to Singapore, where I stayed for one day.

 From there I went to Java, Tandjong Priok, Batavia.
Natives also travelled on this ship, including women, breastfeeding children and cooking their meals anywhere on deck.

It was not the most comfortable way to travel.
On arrival in Batavia I was told that I was not in line for surgery as yet and I had to report to the Temporary accommodation, Barracks Mr Corneliss.

During the day I would make some trips to out care patients and into town. In the meantime I was waiting and waiting until finally a sergeant came and told me it was my turn to be operated on.

I spent approximately 6 days in hospital to have my tonsils removed.

On my release from hospital I asked one of the nurses if it would be possible to fly back to Medan.

 

 

 

 I could not try and start to imagine the journey on the ship back to Medan again. I knew that DC2’s with 29 seats were regularly flying between Batavia and Medan and you would not believe it but the nurse managed to get me on a flight back…..

(photo: near Medan 1947)

March,10th.1948

 

1947, 45 auf 60 C., 4mal auf Lp.-R-Brief aus “BATAVIA 10.3.48″ nach Genua mit Ak.-Stempel und rs. Aufkleber, Beförderungsspuren[Mi. 341 (4) ]

 

 

March,16th.1948

(a) The rare Telephone bill send free stamps cds Lhoseumawe rep Indonesia 16.3.48. (Aceh postal history)

(b)The Jakarta Justice court had  get sentence 10 years to Yamamoto Isoho (the Glodok Camp leader) because he were “Kekajaman” to the prisoners

March,20th.1948

(a)registered covered with Pekalongan emergency register label and overprint 1947 on knonijnenberg 40 cent stamp,send from pekalongan to Semarang

(b)The Overprint soekarno local sumatra Republic Issued,off cover, CDS Bukittinggi,20.3.48

 

 

 

 

March,23th.1948

the postal used postcard stationer overprint 5 cen on 3 1/2 cent stationer card  NIG 282 (error normal 2381)  send from soerabaia to Malang.

 

 

March,28th.1948

The rare postal stationer  ovpt.5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NIG 2477 send from  Tanjoeng Enim to  Bandung

March,31st.1948

Tijwoelijk Bestuur Dienst Voorlichtings Residentie Banjoemas Identity card.

 

 

UN military observers checking up on a UN-sponsored cease-fire – 1948
National Archives
Osborne and Cotler, p. 115

 

Indonesians remove from the Djakarta palace portraits of their former Dutch governors – 1948

 

 

April 1948

The illustration of the building of telephon  and telegram by PTT in preparation of KTN-komisi Tiga negara(three state commision) conference at Kalirang in april 1948

 

April,1st.1948

Weeskamer Soerabaia official letters ,r

return AFS.postmark (return to sender) April ,1st ,1948 return in April,29th.1948

The circulation of Weekly magazine “The worker”(Pekerja) had stop .

Emissie Oeang Republik Indonesia (URIPS), Bukittinggi, Sumatra, 1 April 1948, T.N. Hasan

50 (Lima puluh) Rupiah, 1 April 1948 (KUKI H-528)

 




Obverse and reverse printed in brown (varying from light brown to dark brown). Both obverse and reverse has a yellow under print.

This serial number has 4 varieties:

A) 5 numbers and 3 characters printed in black in the upper right quadrant of the obverse. The first character is a capital and the 2nd and 3rd character is lower case.

 

B) 6 numbers and 3 characters printed in black in the upper right quadrant of the obverse. The first character is a capital and the 2nd and 3rd character is lower case.

C) 5 numbers and 3 characters printed in black in the upper right quadrant of the obverse. The first two characters are capitals and the 3rd character is lower case. Before the number the “No.” sign is printed.

 

D) 5 numbers and 3 characters printed in black in the upper right quadrant of the obverse. The first character is a capital and the 2nd and 3rd character is lower case. The type set / character set is different for variety A.

 

 

50 (Lima puluh) Rupiah, NRI (Negara Republik Indonesia), 1 April 1948 (not listed in any catalogue)

 

 

Obverse and reverse printed in dark grey / black. The design of the obverse is equal to the H528. While the design of the reverse resembles the H528, there are significant differences. The design shows the characters “NRI” just above the denomination “50” and it shows the repeating characters “NRI50″ just below the denomination. Where the original H528 shows a box with the legal text, this notes shows the picture of a bull in the same area.

The serial number consists of  2 characters and 5 numbers. The  characters are  printed  in  Purple while the number is written  manually in black  or  blue. The first character is always a capital and the second character is in lower case.The serial number is printed once on the obverse in the lower left quadrant. The Character combinations occur in fixed combinations as follows:

 

1st

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

2nd

z

y

x

w

v

u

t

s

r

q

p

o

n

m

l

k

j

i

h

g

f

e

d

c

b

a


In the lower left corner of the obverse approximately where the serial number is printed, there is an area of 4 cm long and 1.5 cm high that has an imprinted field of dots that has almost perforated the thin paper. This imprint has happened from the reverse side of the paper and is probably caused by a mechanical device for handling the papermoney during production, printing or counting. The imprint looks like:

 

April,2th.1948

The postally used card from bandung to surbaia.April,16th.1948

the rare change of adress statione dancer 2 cent card ,added stamp off( 1 sen) send from  Tegal to Malang

 

April,3rd.1948

the illustration of  paketvart post meeting and the inner of Jogya Post office in April 1948.

April,5th.1948

Sumatra local ORLAB emergency note

 


10.000.000 (Sepuluh Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 5 April 1948 (not listed in any catalogue)

April,7th.1948

 

The new Sumatra Provinince paper money with the sign of Sumatra governor teuku Mohammad Hassan nominal 100 roepiah(URIPS) with hand written serial number colour black

The rare postally used DEI change of Adress card dancer 2 cent send from Malang

 

April,11th.1948

The Atjeh Weeklypaper “WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS INFO WITH DAY, 11 APRIL 1948

3 kekoesaan commission will be expanded,

vice president arrives in djakarta, at 12.30 today has left the premises pesawt Boekittingi Vice President pick up the air that he helped his hour 12.00.Beserta also the Minister of Health Dr. Leimena, generals Maj. Abdul Harris Nasution, a member agency workers KNIP Baharuddin Zainal and Ir Indratjaja. With a plane to pick the vice president, arrived in New York City police chief Omar Said State Sumatra. upon arrival in jkarta, vice president explained that he would stay a few days in Jakrta and Nati night 9:00 (PM) will hold a meeting at home van Mook. To fetch his arrival, the field seemed to fly members of the Dutch delegation, and the rulers of which Mr Ali Boediardjo republic and chairman of the Indonesian republic delegation Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER NOT ACKNOWLEDGE NEGOTIATIONS WITH DUTCH republic. Djokja 10 April, Dr Mansoer which was recently established by Dr. van Mook to be Head of State of East Sumatra, expressing their preformance a press conference, that the State of East Sumatra, is a certainty and tida DAPT eliminated. Also he mkenerangkan bahw atiap each party negotiations conducted and the Dutch republic of Indonesia, will not doiakuinya or approval, Pelita People’s Daily demikianditulis March 13, the llau. Actually Dr. Mansoer forget, that face negotiations with the Dutch delegation republic, representing the Kingdom of the Netherlands adalh, where the State Dr. Mansoer also be involved and establish the existence of the State bahw ayang it go round decision (nesluit) from the Dutch Indies government. Meanwhile pulu stated that Dr. Mansoer not compare the holding of a plebiscite its region, if on the other regions were also held

COMPOSITION OF THE CABINET Negar pASOENDAN, according to newspapers in Bandung, the State Cabinet Pasoendan as follows. Prime Minister and concurrently the economy (Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), In the country (former regent Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Health (Dr Abdoel Patah), Social (M Siradj), Teaching (Soendoro), Finance (Mr. Djoehana), General Pekerjaan (M. Enoch ), Justice (Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG republic INDONESIA (ORI), bERHUBUBNG BECAUSE rumors that ori BE DIRECTLY IN EXCHANGE WITH Monica, explaining that official circles NEWS IS LESS truth.after Interim government that is actually formed, it will be held the unity of the money (or federaalgeld Munteenheid-federal money) . According to working paper republic, the money is proposed, if the money NICA and ORI exchanged with federal money 1 to 1. According to economic considerations, it is only logical because, according to the basic NICA our economy ORI and Money in the end is  people belonging . Negotiations on these financial unity until now didnot found definitive results.

EVENTS uprising in Biak, From jakarta diartakan that the republic’s political kjalangan there want menegtahui SIKA Negar Government of Indonesia East Uprising event at Biak (Papua) because it turns out that the people of Irian was declared emphatically would not form a special area, but want unity by State Eastern Indonesia

DELEGATION REP proposal, INDONESIA ON THE FORM AND COMPOSITION OF INDONESIA STATES

POH AN TUI MEDAN, dated March 20 ceremony was held in Medan dissolution POH AN TUI (Chines eoverses police) with the official.

UNITY TAPANOELI. In Mewdan has stood by the Union Tapanuli rtujuan to repair the interest groups in the country soematra Tapanouli Timoer. Now there are three flow between the tribes Tapanoeli: State pro a.Yang Btak Kingdom, b. Which bejuang to get position in the State of eastern Sumatra, c. which bejuang preformance they occur pernag Front Nasional.Diantara great pen pioneered Naigolan ole DR.

DUTCH LOT IN INDONESIA, Djokja 1o April 1948, Jumalh Dutch sent to Indonesia dai Nederland outnumber knows ago. In 1945 some 2600 people to send to Indonesia, is an employee selurunya NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Agency), so diwarta Aneta. In 1946 some 7141 people comprising partikelirmpegawai domestic workers, women and children. in 1947 this number increased to 21.000 more. According to information, the amount of discharged itusesudah jnauari pernag second world until 1948, has a 31.247 (note Dr. Iwan, this essay I will definitely be read by the families of those currently in the country would still be a lot of Dutch, greetings to the families when and want info on family you, become a premium member, because dr ribuaninfo iwna have created you from a collection)

REPOEBLIK INDONESIA  PAPER MONEY IN ACEH ‘(2 TYPES)

ORIGINAL INFO:

The Atjeh Weeklypaper”WARTA MINGGOEN” THIS DAY WITH INFO,11 APRIL 1948

kekoesaan komisi 3 akan diperluas,

wakil presiden tiba di djakarta,pukul 12,30 hari ini telah berangkat meninggalkan Boekittingi Wakil Presiden denga pesawt udara yang menjemput beliau jam 12.00.Beserta beliau turut juga Menteri Kesehatan Dr Leimena,Djendral Mayor abdul Harris Nasution, anggota badan pekerja KNIP Zainal Baharuddin dan Ir Indratjaja. Dengan pesawat yang menjemput wakil presiden ini ,tiba di bukittinggi Umar Said Kepala kepolisian Negara Sumatra. pada saat tiba di jakarta,wakil presiden menerangkan  bahwa  beliau akan tinggal beberapa hari di Jakarta dan nanti malam jam 9.00(PM) akan mengadakan rapat dirumah van Mook. Untuk menjemput kedatangan beliau,dilapangan terbang tampak anggota delegasi Belanda dan para pembesar Repoeblik diantaranya Mr Ali Boediardjo dan ketua delegasi repoeblik Indonesia Mr.Moh.Roem.

Dr.MANSOER TIDAK MENGAKUI PERUNDINGAN BELANDA DENGAN REPOEBLIK. Djoja 10 april, Dr Mansoer yang baru-baru ini ditetapkan oleh Dr van Mook menjadi Kepala Negara Sumatera Timur, menyatakan pendapatnya dalm suatu konperensi pers, bahwa Negara Sumatera Timur merupakan suatu kepastian dan tida dapt dilenyapkan. Juga beliau mkenerangkan bahwa tiap-tiap perundingan yang dilakukan pihak belanda dan pihak repoeblik Indonesia, tidak akan doiakuinya  atau disetujuinya, demikianditulis harian Pelita Rakyat tanggal 13 Maret yang llau. Sebenarnya dr Mansoer lupa, bahwa delegasi Belanda menghadapi perundingan dengan Repoeblik, adalh mewakili Kerajaan belanda,dimana Negara Dr Mansoer juga ada didalamnya dan bahw ayang menetapkan adanya Negara itu adlah keputusan(nesluit) dari pemerintah Hindia belanda. Sementara itu dinyatakan pulu,bahwa Dr mansoer tidak menolok diadakannya plebisit didaerahnya,jika dilain daerah juga diadakan

SUSUNAN KABINET nEGAR pASOENDAN, menurut  surat kabar di Bandung, Susunan Kabinet Negara Pasoendan sebagai berikut. Perdana Menteri merangkap ekonomi(Abbas Soerjana Atmadja), Dalam negeri(Bekas bupati Tasikmalaja, Soenarja), Kesehatan (Dr Abdoel Patah), Sosial(M siradj),Pengajaran(Soendoro),Keuangan (Mr Djoehana),Pekrjaan Umum(M.Enoch), Kehakiman(Soenarja Koesoema)

OEANG REPOEBLIK INDONESIA(ORI),BERHUBUBNG DENGAN ADANYA DESAS DESUS BAHWA orI AKAN LANGSUNG DI KURS DENGAN nica,KALANGAN RESMI MENERANGKAN BAHWA BERITA ITU KURANG BEANR.Sesudah Pemrintah Interim yang sebenarnya dibentuk,maka akan diadakan kesatuan uang(Munteenheid atau federaalgeld-uang federal). Menurut kertas kerja repoeblik, tentang Uang ini diusulkan,jika uang NICA dan ORI ditukar dengan Uang federal 1 banding 1. Menurut pertimbangan ekonomi,hal ini sudah sewajarnya karena menurut dasar ekonomki ORI dan Uang NICA pada akhirnya adalah tangunggan rakyat. Perundingan tentang kesatuan keuangan ini smapai sekarang belum mendapat hasil yang pasti.

PERISTIWA PEMBERONTAKAN DI BIAK, Dari jakarta diwartakan bahwa kalangan politik Repoeblik disana ingin mengetahui sika Pemerintah Negar Indonesia Timur terhadap peristiwa Pemberontakan di Biak (Papua) karena ini ternyata bahwa rakyat Irian sudah menyatakan dengan tegas tidak mau membentuk daerah istimewa,tetapi ingin mengabung dir dengan Negara Indonesia Timur

USUL DELEGASI REP,INDONESIA TENTANG BENTUK DAN SUSUNAN NEGARA INDONESIA SERIKAT

POH AN TUI MEDAN,tanggal 20 maret di Medan telah dilangsungkan upacara pembubaran POH AN TUI (chines eoverses police) dengan resmi.

PERSATUAN TAPANOELI. Di Mewdan telah berdiri Persatuan tapanuli dengan rtujuan untuk memerbaiki kepentingan golongan Tapanouli di negara soematra Timoer. Sekarang terdapat tiga aliran diantara suku Tapanoeli:a.Yang pro Negara Btak Raya,b. Yang bejuang untuk mendapatkan Kedudukan di Negara sumatra timur,c. yang bejuang dalam Front Nasional.Diantara mereka terjadi pernag pena yang hebat dipelopori ole DR Naigolan.

BANYAK BELANDA DI INDONESIA, Djokja 1o april 1948, Jumalh orang Belanda yang dikirm ke Indonesia dai Nederland melebihi jumlah tahu yang lalu. Dalam tahun 1945 sejumlah 2600 orang yang dikirm ke Indonesia,selurunya adalah pegawai NICA(Netherland Indie  Civil Agency),demikian diwarta aNeta. Pada tahun 1946 sejumlah 7.141 orang yang terdiri dari pekerja partikelirmpegawai negeri,wanita dan anak-anak. dalam tahun 1947 jumlah ini meningkat jadi 21,000 lebih. Menurut keterangan ,jumlah itusesudah habis pernag dunia kedua hingga jnauari 1948,telah menjadi 31,247(catatan dr Iwan, karangan saya ini pasti akan dibaca oleh keluarga mereka yang saat ini tentu masih banyak di negeri belanda, salam bagi para keluarga bila anda ingin info tentang keluarga anda,jadilah anggota premium,sebab dr iwna memiliki ribuan info buat anda dari koleksinya)

 

April,12th.1948

(a)the Rare postalstationer NIG 2477 send from Batavia centrum to Bandung.April,26th.1948

(b)The besluit Resident Palembang 1919 was legitimation with Nederland  handelsmaatschapij (bank)  Palembang  april.12..48 hand stamped.

(c)The Territorial commandant of West Java, Major-general H.J.J.W. Durst annouced that the 1st Mei ceremony(arak-akan) was forbidden.

 

April,15th.1948

Sumatra ORLAB local emergency note


10.000.000 (Sepuluh Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 15 April 1948 (KUKI H-611)


Mandat Istimewa(special)10.000.000 (Sepuluh Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 12April 1948 (not listed in any catalogue)

10.000.000 (Sepuluh Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 12April 1948 (not listed in any catalogue)


special mandate 10.000.000 (Sepuluh Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 12April 1948 (KUKI H-611)


 

 

April,16th.1948

 

The earliest used  of Repoblik Indonesia local revenue f 25,- and the latest block four 24/4.48.

April,19th.1948

 

the earliest used blue paper local sumatra repoblik Indonesia revenue f,25, block three,the latest used 21/6.1948.

April,20th.1948

two photos of the meeting between Indonesia  and Ducth delegation supervised by KTn at Kaliurang (near Djokja)

April,30th.1948

Emergency Sumatra boekittinggi black color  with handwritten number series

 

also issued ‘

 

 

50 rupiah

 

 and 20 rupiah in black color handwritten serial number

MAY 1948

May,1st.1948

Pada tanggal 1 Mei 1948 Kartosuwirjo mengadakan Konperensi ketiga dimana dibentuk TataNegara Islam.Sebelumnya setiap Anggota harus bersumpah Bai’at .

 

 

Sususnan Ketatanegaraan tersebut adalah sebagai berikut:

Imam ( Kepala Negara)  S.M.Kartosuwirjo

Imam mempunyai Dewan Fatwa (Dewan Penasehat), Imam dibantu oleh Dewan Imamah(cabinet)

Ketentaraan   :  T.I.I (Tentara islam Indonesia)

Polisi Negara : BKN( Badan Keamanan Negara)

Bendera : Merah Putih Pakai Bulan Bintang

Lambang Pasukan : Merah pakai Bulan Bintang

SUSUNAN DEWAN IMAMAH

Pertahanan : Imran

Wakil Pertahanan : R. Oni

Dalam Negeri : Sanusi Partawidjaja

Luar Negeri : S.M.Kartosuwirjo

Keuangan : Sanusi Partawidjaja

Penerangan : Toha Arsad

 

 

SUSUSNAN KETENTARAAN

Divisi Cadet Hidajahtullah : Kamran

Chwf Staf : Ibnu Cotieg

Urusan umum Ketentaraan : Danu

Cadet Resimen Sunan Rahmat : R.Oni

Cadet Bataluion Chol8id Bin Walid : Djaelani

Cadet Batalion III : Nurlubis

Taktik yang digunakan adalah gerilya.Dasar perjuangan mereka adalah religius.Fanatisme dan dogma agama digunakan  sebagai senjata .

(kempen 1955)

 

(1)two photos of the meeting at Kepatihan Djojakarta between NRI ands Ducth Delegation under  supervision KTN

(2)at Late May 1948, Mr SM AMIN was pointed as the Guvenour Of North sumatra by Presiden Soekarno.

(3)Kartosuwirjo proclaims himself Imam of Negara Islam Indonesia, or “Darul Islam”, an Islamic state rebelling against both Dutch and the Republic. His followers begin setting up local administrations in West Java.

(3) The Typhoid disease in Jakarta, 20 % were died.

 

 

 

Postally Used Official free franking Airmail DEI Military KNIL Lettersheet to CDS Amsterdam 1948

 

May,3th.1948

The postally used cover from CDS Mamasa 3.5.48 to semarang (rare city cds)

Local Sumatra ORLAB emergency note


25.000.000 (Dua Puluh Lima Djuta) Rupiah ORLAB, 3 Mei 1948 (KUKI H-612)

 

 

May,7th.1948

Postlly used card from CDS Malili 7.5.48 to Semarang with  overprint Indonesia on Wilhelmina 1 gld stamp(rare city cds)

May,11th.1948

kapal pengangkut “m.c. Muir” di pelabuhan amsterdam siap berangkat ke nusantara.

pendaratan pertama pasukan belanda di pulau weh, aceh.

Marinir belanda dalam “aksi pembersihan” di sekitar surabaya, 11 mei 1946

Tentara Belanda berlindung di balik tanggul ketika ditembaki pejuang republik dari balik seberang selokan.

Tak lama kemudian dua orang marinir terluka. Prajurit medis dan imam tentara sedang merawat yg terluka
   

 

 

 

May,14th.1948

The error 15 sen Java republik Indonesia unperforated revenue used on document,

May,15th.1948

the chinese women fund horganisation letter,send from jakarta with special federal Postal  Batavia handstamped violet  Batavia centrum 15.5.1948.

May,16th.1948

related with the War condition, Emergency Government on may, .16 in 1948, stipulates that to strengthen and centralize all in order to  menyempurnakan defend need power tools of civil and military special preformance of each military area preformance one hand, then in the special military regions all powers of Civil and Military conducted by the Military Governor. The next preformance residency civilian government run by the Council on behalf of the Regional Defence and bertangungg responsible to the Military Governor is concerned, while the business is run by military commanders on behalf dab Sub_Teritorial Responsible to governor Militer on 17 mei PDRI made provisions that force the centralization of power to the civilian and military Military Governor in the Military Specialties, the post of Governor of Sumatra Province for the time being removed. also stipulated that the oversight of regional autonomy as stipulated in Government Regulation 1948 made ​​by Ko in the Emergency Government decree dated 17 May 1949 no 23, set seterusnya, that the Government Commissioner who will supervise the former Province gubewrnur saudara Mr. SM Amin, the advance of another, the government appointed Commissioner for regional defense Utara.Dewan Sumatra regional diamksud above Ketetapn Commissioner formed by the Central Government for the North Sumatran June 19, 1p49 No. 3 and consists of Resident TTDaudsyah as chairman, and as a member M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar and Alemz.masing respective former executive member of the Parliament of North Sumatra

original info(ibid TM Hassan,1986)

related with the War condition, PDRI on may,.16th 1948, menetapkan bahwa untuk memperkokoh dan menyempurnakian petahanan perlu memusatkan sehgala alat-alat kekuasaan sipil dan militer dalm tiap daerah militer istimewa dalm satu tangan, maka dalam daerah militer istimewa segala kekuasaan Sipil dan Militer dilakukan oleh Gubernur Militer . selanjutnya dalm keresidenan pemerintah sipil dijalankan oleh Dewan Pertahanan Daerah atas nama dan bertangungg jawab kepada Gubernur Militer yang bersangkutan,sedangkan urusan militer dijalankan oleh komandan Sub_Teritorial atas nama dab bertanggung Jawab kepad gubernur MiliterPada tabnggal 17 mei PDRI mmebuat Ketetapan bahwa berlakunya pemusatan kekuasaan sipil dan militer kepada Gubernur Militer di daerah Militer Istimewa, jabatan Gubernur Propinsi di Sumatra buat sementara waktu dihapus. ditetapkan pula bahwa pengawasan atas daerah otonomi seperti dimaksud dalam Peraturan Pemerintah tahun 1948 dilakukan oleh Ko dalam ketetapan PDRI tanggal 17 mei 1949 no 23,ditetapkan setrusnya,bahwa Komisaris Pemerintah yang akan melakukan pengawasan tersebut adalah bekas gubernur Propinsi saudar Mr SM AMin,anatar lain,diangkat menjadi Komisaris Pemerintah untuk daerah Sumatera Utara.Dewan pertahanan Daerah yang dimaksud diatas dibentuk dengan Ketetapan Komisaris Pemerintah Pusat untuk sumatera Utara tanggal 19 Juni 1p49 no 3 dan terdiri dari Residen T.T.Daudsyah sebagai ketua,dan sebagai anggota M.Nur.El Ibrahimy, Yahya Siregar dan Alemz.masing-masing bekas anggota eksekutif DPR Sumatera Utara.

May,18th.1948

 

Postally used FDC DEI  Hatrz Queen wilhemina stamps send to USA

Hartz 20 t/m 80 cent met vroegst bekende datum Soerabaja 18-5-1948 op envelop naar de USA,

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Soeloeh rajat News paper

18-08-2011, 09:20 PM

  #158

Red_Ace kaskuser

 

 

UserID: 222163

Join Date: Nov 2006

Location: Recon DHX

Posts: 304

 

Quote:

Originally Posted by MrBhass Yang pake drum mag itu M1928
Yang banyak dipake di PD II itu M1 Thompson, lebih “disederhanakan” jadi cocok buat mass production dengan murah

kenapa gak pake drum mag? karena drum mag reliabilitynya gak sebagus box mag, juga lebih berat. BTW, yang pake Drum mag itu PPSH bukan PPS…
Akhir2 PD II malah PPSH banyakan yang pake box mag koq…

 

PPS itu malah box mag semua gak bisa pake Drum Mag

Oohh… jadi itu alasannya… mungkin krn drum gampang jam…
hehehehe maap, maksud nya yg PPSH… makasih om Bhass…

Quote:

Originally Posted by MrBhass ada armor dipake
tapi gak sampe bikin “armored division” sendiri

Paling operasionalnya dalam unit kecil2, gak sampe organisasi seukuran Divisi
Kalo ada pasti tau divisi berapa, terus nama divisinya apa

mungkin ini yg dimaksud oom…


gurkha menjaga sisa tank RI di surabaya, mungkin modif dari bren carrier eks KNIL


Tank ringan jepang yg di pakai pejuang indonesia saat pertempuran surabaya


Tank vickers rampasan dari KNIL di daerah ciater


armored car Afsel eks KNIL dipakai tentara jepang, yg sebagian kemudian direbut para pejuang lalu dipakai untuk pengawalan Soekarno

 

May, 18th.1948

The Rajat Soeloeh News paper

(a) Establishment Attitudes and the plan nekerja pesundan State,

NIDS struggling collar formation gives equal rights to all citizens, the pursuit of improved teaching, social, economic health, etc..

In the trial the State Parliament Pasoendan 134 dated May 1948 the then Prime Minister Mr. Adil Poeradiredja telang has provided a statement of government policy leaders plan to be run by the government, below we include a summary of these statements. Mr fairly stated, that the cabinet was formed on the basis of politics where the most important advance of the program are:

(a1) we struggle towards Indonesia Addressing the union of a free and sovereign (Indonesia is now the organization has been established as Federasi0, which will stand as Unity State.

(b1) Give equal rights to all citizens without distinction bangdsa mengiggatkan, religion and kultuur.

(c1) Recognize and protect the rights of minorities.

(2) Prundingan will move to Djokja

(3) Representative to the Conference of Bandung Banka

(4) Commercial illustration Perkebuna n be a way to enlarge the country and folk sources of income.

original info:

 

(a) Sikap Pendirian dan rentjana nekerja Negara pesundan,

berjuang kerah pembentukan NIDS memberi hak sama pada semua Warga  negara,mengejar perbaikan Pengajaran,sosial,kesehatan ekonomi dll.

Dalam sidang Parlemen Negara Pasoendan tanggal 134 Mei 1948 yang lalu,Perdana Menteri Mr Adil Poeradiredja telah memberikan suatu keterangan telang kebijakan rencana pemimpin pemerintahan yang akan dijalankan oleh pemerintahannya, dibawah ini kami memuat ringkasan keterangan tersebut. Mr adil menyatakan , bahwa kabinet ini dibentuk atas dasar politik program anatar mana yang terpenting ialah :

(a1) Menujukan perjuangan kita kearah Indonesia serikat yang merdeka dan berdaulat (organisasi Indonesia sekarang telah ditetapkan sebagai Federasi0, yang akan berdiri sebagai Persatuan Negara bagian.

(b1) Memberi hak yang sama kepada semua warga Negara dengan tidak mengiggatkan perbedaan bangdsa,agama dan kultuur.

(c1) Mengakui dan melindungi hak minoritas.

(2) Prundingan akan berpindah ke Djokja

(3) Perwakilan banka Ke Konperensi bandung

(4) illustrasi Pengusahaan Perkebuna n suatu cara untuk memperbesar sumber penghasilan negeri dan rakyat.

May,20th.1948

(a)The house of the lead of GPRI organisation Mr Ali Budiardjo at Pegangsaan timur “digeledah” because subversif.

(b) Two photos of the 40th years Indonesia national erection day anniversary(Hari Kebangkitan Nasional)  at Yogjakarta.look the Imam Bonjol picture on the wall.

 

(c) The Meeting between Indonesia delegation and Dutch delegation under KTN supervision at Kaliurang near Jogja.

 

May ,23th.1948

 

Boekittinggi issued local regional east Sumatra NRI papermoney in may 1948

 

The Local NRI Residency of  Tapanoeli papermoney in May,23th.1948

 

The Local BRI Laboehan Batoe papermoney in may 1948

May,26th.1948

The  Cover Fragment of Block 8 Ned.indie. dancer 4cent stamp cdas Medan 26.5.48 and other fragment

Ned.indie Stamps in 1948 dancer 3 cent block 10.(during East sumatra State)

May,28th.1948

the rare label of Income tax recieved at Padang panjang CDS 28.5.48 ,the change or repoeblik curency from small f to new bigger F new URIPS money(Uang Republik Indoesia propinsi sumatra)

 

 

Mei,31th.1948

the photo of  the meeting between NRI goverment with political party in Yogja Place

 

 

 

June 1948

June,3rd.1948

the photo of Presiden Soekarno cs fled by flight to Sumatra

 

and after arrievd at Bukittinggi, he  look Bukittingi at night

 

 

June,4th.194

president went to Padang Pandjang

 

and then President Sukarno arrive at Padang, Resident Sumatra Barat Moh Sjafei spoke during the night meeting

and Dr Sukiman speaks. also Moh sjafei talks with pemuka Rakyat.

June ,5th,1948

the photo of  Dr Soekiman speaking during Isjak Mirazd  day at Buktittingi this day

 

June,6th.1948

(a)On June,6th,1948  Presient Soekarno after melantik Ketua (chief)dan anggota(member)of The Central commisariat Gouvernment for sumatra at Bukittinggi,President soekarno depart to North with Car and from Siboroing-borong flyed by Aeroplane RI-002,without left door, to Lho Nga airport near Kutaraja.

(b)The Postally used cover witn overprinti 1947 on wilhelmina stamps 12 1/2 cent.

 

June,7th.1948

(a)President Sukarno  visit Maninjau West sumatra

(b)on this day  Mr S.M. Amin had  inagurated  as the Gouvernur  of North sumatra at the Banda aceh palace(kraton). The new gouvenor of North sumatra found many difficulty because this are “kurang aman” unsecured, and also the Dutch WarShip alway shooting the land,beside the Dutch Blockade around Aceh coast. One of the movement in Aceh lead by Said Ali,who didnot done the order of North sumatra Gouvernur, and he was arrested by the Military Gouvernur (look daud berueuh Pamphlet)

June,11th,1948

(a)The photo of KTN resception at Kepatihan Yogjakarta

(b)During the landroad travelling from Bukittinggi to Tapanuli, Presiden Sukarno some time rest in this day(three photos)

(c)The postally used  register cover with Djokjakarta series stamps 60 cent _ Borobudur stupa design , cds. Djakarta 11.7.48 to  probolinggo,with  censor chop

 

Thi other series ,rare bird 50 (double print)cent used combination with def 100 sen   at money order fragment. and flag 60 cent mint block four

June,12th.1948

the use repoblik indonesia local sumatra f 75,- on complete document with legalized Bukittinggi post office,s chief

June ,13th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Tarutung this day(photo) and vist hospital there.

 

June.14th 1948

 

 (a) the recieved of Wang ambonnement  Tan Nie Liang,Keng Po and sinpo newspaper. (newspaper fee) F.6 of newspaper   june 1948(14.6.48)

(b)The kaliurang conference had moved to Jakarta, the delegation went to Jakarta by train.look some picture of the delegations Australian delegation Critcley, indonesi  hatta,moh roem etc.

June,15th.1948

The rare postally  used express. cover with Djokjakarta  series stamp -design RI flag from CDS Djakarta to CDS Probolinggo.June,16th.1948

The Chinese oversees  women study fund organisation jakarta(Federatie van chinese studiekringen-Chig Hsing Lien Ho Hui) letter CDS Jakarta.

June,17th.1948

(a)the rare Merdeka newspaper card send from Djakarta cds  17.6.47, by express to Jogyakarta. with java NRI definitive stamps 2×5 sen and 1x 40 sen (rate 50 sen)

(b)the Samidi book store private postcard send from batavia to Soerabaia.

June,22th1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Jambi by plane (three photos)

 

June,24th.1948

(a)Presiden soekarno arrived at Bengkulu to  vist the house where he was arrest  by dutch in 1942.( four photos)

 

(b)Moh Natsit  meeting with Vice Presiden Moh Hatta (photo)

 

June,25th,1948

Presiden Soekarno arrived at Tjoerup bengkulu(two photo)

June,27th.1948

Presiden soekarno arrived at Telok Betong Lampong(five photos)

 

 

June,28th.1948

Amir Syarifuddin form the People’s Democratic Front (FDR) on June 28, 1948. Political group is trying to put himself in opposition to the government under cabinet Hatta. FDR joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

 

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

July 1948

 

DEI NICA July 1948 Java  Calender

 

July,1st,1948

The  earliest used of Sumatra repoeblic Indonesia local revenue f 70 (old roepiah) ,used fragment. and other date in 1948.

July,5th.1948

The postally used cover from cds Makassar on overprint 1947 Wilhemina 12 1/2 cent stamp to Batavia centrum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 8 th.1948.

Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia.

July,1oth,1948

Surat Pangilan dari polisi Kota bukittingi tanggal 10 juli1948,

atas nama Negara republik Indonesia sajya roeslan di kantor Polisi Bukittingi disuruh menghadap  etc tanggal 14.7.1948 jqm 9.pqgi dihadpan Pengadilan Di Bukittinggi untuk diperiksa menjadi terdakwa dalm perkara…etc

July,14th.1948

The Matraman area Jakarta were surround (dikepung) by dutch army and Police because the subversif action at that area

July,15th.1948

The Indonesian  Nation Meeting(pertemuan kebangsaan)  of all Indonesia at Perguruan rakyat (People s chool) salemba.

July,17th.1948

(a)The Indonesia national nation meeting finish with will (menghendaki) : Negara Serikat with souverinity(berdaulat)  and Independence as the The justice law state with basic azas democracy and in republic form.

 

 

(b) The rare ORI overprint on 0.15 sen   of Java Repoeblic Indonesia local revebue ,on compleet document( the-,15 more common)

July,19th.1948
the postal used stationer overprint  5 cent on 3 1/2 cent NG error 2 21(nomal 2721) send from Lahat to Batavia.

July,21th.1948

The circulations of Sentosa newspaper was stopping(dibreidel)

 

 

 

 

July,22th.1948

The postal used postal stationer card 5 cen ovpt 31/2 cen feredral state card NIG 2721,but tis card misprint 2 21,the 7  off , send from Lahat to Batavia

 

July,25th.1948

 

The rare latest used single repoeblic Indonesai loca sumatra revevue f15,- on complete document with official chief Market(pengholeoe pasar) padang Pandjang, because the rate up to f.25 and then  f.75,-

July,27.1948

The Sin Min New paper information;

(A) Invasion of Surrounding Salatiga

Obtained that news on Thursday night that plainly, s erombongan likelihood of complete guns with vandals have attacked the line of the status quo on the east side of Salatiga and made two attacks on Dutch military camp in Dadapajam, where the vandals are using mortars and automatic weapons. This attack can be repelled. A Dutch military were wounded. Almost simultaneously with it, about five kilometers adjacent to its south is also a Dutch military camp near Rekosari has been attacked by vandals mortier by gerembolan (dutch menamkan republican army like that). They can be driven out and headed to a military camp south of elatnya away, at the Soeroeh, who attacked denganhebat smpai three times, but also here they DAPT repelled. It seems the attacks were carried out on a large scale and regular, entourage uuga vandals set fire to several houses to escape the village and destroy the bridge underlined the status quo, further also found roadblocks (Begitulan news from the Federal tentan Dutch troops attack the Republic of Indonesia said vandals, who is the leader of this attack, until now there has been perenah reported, he needs to dinugerahkan decorated hero of independence, hope this info related reports, notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Sjafroeddin-Sukiman Resign?

Apparently kalngan served until now still want interesting events to strike Delanggoe undesirable situation, even though the incident has been resolved and the workers have started working again.

In a news published daily as saying that the interior minister Dr Sukiman and Prosperity Mr. Minister, Sjafroeddin, aan resigned, because he was not satisfied with the attitude of the government’s resolve an issue and a matter delangoe permogokan in a special area of ​​Surakarta. In addition to the news broadcast also said Mr.Moh.Roem would resign from the delegates. Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”‘ Gd=’The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent” ‘ closure_uid_buen0h=”80″>The first news about it, among the really significant stuff Masjoemi adjacent to the helm, said, just do not know about it, was the second news menegani, Mr Moh> Roem himself tells us, that the news is not true at all so daily “Independent”

(C) Railway Fire delegation arrived in Jakarta

Monday night at 19:30 the train has arrived in Jakarta, leaving from Djokja 6 am from Monument station. Australian representative in the KDB Crichley, come ride the train, from the Netherlands delegation there are 15 members of staff of the Republican delegation and 77 people participated.

The picture of the Kaliurang meeting Delegation meeeting with Sukarno like mr Critchley, also Hatta and zMoh>Roem and from feral  Abd,Kadir.

(D) For What  the Republican Political Meeting  Stops

Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 June. in his article titled “Djokja and Bandung,” among other things wrote: “The decision to stop negotiations, the fall in conjunction with government activities which maikin federaal intensified, which has held its own with the initiative of conference Bandung to seek progress in resolving the problem of Indonesia. Selanjtnya also, the fall in conjunction with state of cessation of the Dutch government. With the rapid reaction of the Commission of the United Nations (UNO), and on Tuesday the Security Council will discuss again this matter. Conference of heads of states and regions in Bandung can be interpreted that the Federalists could not wait for the policy to establish NIS Netherlands Indonesia-United states.
this raises concern in Djokja republican party. Leftists in Republican states, that the pressure of the left in the republic bertambah.Sudah increasingly apparent that a new national program has not drawn up in accordance with the Federal arrangement, which is now outside the Republican establishment. So for Djokja no better hand over Indonesia to the Council about the UN Security is untu obstruct and impede the movement of the Netherlands the Federalists, who by friends Djokja in the Security Council would be called a state Doll.

(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters Ambarawa

”Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.   Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “Gd =” Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc. Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ Gd=’”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.’ closure_uid_buen0h=”95″>”> Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street

original info :

 

(a) Penyerbuan Disekitar Salatiga

Didapat kabar bahw pada hari kamis malam yang lalau,s erombongan beasr kaum pengacau dengans ejata lengkap telah menyerang garis status quo disebelah timur Salatiga dan melakukan dua serangan pada kamp militer Belanda di Dadapajam,dimana kaum pengacau mengunakan mortir dan senjata otomatis. Serang ini dapat dipukul mundur. Seorang Militer Belanda menderita luka-luka. Hampir bersamaan dengan itu,kira-kira lima kilometer disebelah selatannya, juga sebuah kamp militer Belanda di dekat Rekosari telah diserang dengan mortier oleh gerembolan pengacau(belanda menamkan tentara republik seperti itu). Mereka dapat diusir  dan menuju ke kamp militer yang elatnya sebelah selatan lagi, yaitu di Soeroeh, yang diserangnya denganhebat smpai tiga kali, akan tetapi juga disini mereka dapt dipukul mundur. Kelihatannya serangan-serangan itu dilakukan secara besar-besaran dan teratur, rombongan pengacau itu uuga membakar beberapa rumah kampung dan waktu melarikan diri menhancurkan jembatan digaris status Quo, lebih jauh juga ditemukan perintang jalan(Begitulan berita dari  pihak Federal belanda tentan serangan pasukan Republik Indonesia yang dikatakan pengacau,siapakah pemimpin serangan ini,sampai saat ini belum perenah dilaporkan, beliau perlu dinugerahkan bintang jasa pahlawan kemerdekaan , harap yang terkait melaporkan info ini ,catatan Dr Iwan)

(b)Sjafroeddin -Soekiman Mengundurkan diri ?

Ternyata sampai sekarang masih saja kalngan yang hendak menarik peristiwa pemogokan Delanggoe kepada keadaan yang tidak diinginkan, meskipun sebenarnya peristiwa tersebut telah diselesaikan dan kaum buruh sudah mulai bekerja kembali.

Dalam suatu harian dimuat berita yang mengatakan, bahwa menteri dalam negeri Dr Soekiman dan Menteri Kemakmuran Mr,Sjafroeddin, aan mengundurkan diri,karena katanya tidak puas dengan sikap pemerintah dalam menyelesaikan maslah permogokan di delangoe dan soal daerah istimewa Soerakarta. Selain itu disiarkan juga berita yang mengatakan Mr.Moh.Roem akan mengundurkan diri dari delegasi. Mengenai berita pertama itu,kalangan yang snagat berdekatan dengan pucuk pimpinan Masjoemi, mengatakan ,sama tidak tahu tentang hal itu, sedang yang menegani berita kedua, Mr Moh>Roem sendiri menyatakan kepada kita,bahwa berita tersebut tidak benar sama sekali demikian harian “Merdeka”

(c) Kerata Api delegasi tiba di Jakarta

Hari senen malam jam 19.30 kereta api  telah tiba di jakarta, berangkat dari Djokja jam 6 pagi dari stasiun Tugu. Wakil Australia dalam KDB Crichley ,ikut menumpang kereta itu, dari delegasi Belanda ada 15 orang anggota staf dan dari delegasi Republik ikut 77 orang.

(d) Sebab Apa Republik Menghentikan Prundingan Politik

Algemeen Handsblad Amsterma.26 juni. dalam artikelnya berjudul ” Djokja dan Bandung” anatara lain menulis :”Putusan untuk menghentikan perundingan,jatuhnya bersamaan dengan kegiatan pemerintah fedreaal yang maikin diperhebat, yang dengan inisiatif sendiri telah mengadakan koferensi Bandung untuk mencari kemajuan dalam penyelesaian masalah Indonesia. Selanjtnya juga,jatuhnya  bersamaan dengan keadaan berhentinya pemerintahan Belanda. Dengan cepat timbul reaksi dari Komisi PBB(UNO), dan pada hari selasa Dewan Keamanan akan membicarakan lagi masalah ini. Konperensi kepala negara dan daerah di bandung dapat diartikan bahwa kaum Federalis sudah tidak sabar lagi terhadap kebijakan Belanda untuk membentuk NIS-negara Serikat Indonesia.

hal ini menimbulkan kekuatiran pihak republik di Djokja. Kaum Kiri di Republik menyatakan, bahwa tekanan kaum kiri di republik makin hari makin bertambah.Sudah nyata bahwa program nasional yang baru disusun sudah tidak sesuai dengan susunan Federal, yang sekarang pembentukannya diluar Republik. Maka bagi Djokja tidak ada yang lebih baik  menyerahkan soal indonesia kepada Dewan Keamana PBB untu  merintangi Belanda dan merintangi gerakan kaum Federalis, yang oleh teman-teman Djokja di Dewan Keamanan tentu akan disebut sebagai negara Boneka.

(E) Advertising Market Night at Alon sisters AmbarawaPembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.” Gd=”Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street. “>Still available in the market place for game night (tombola, loterij goods) restaurant, etc.> Market opening night date 31 August 1948 to 5th of September 1948 yng interested to come to the committee office address Openbarfe SWerken Magelang 148 Ambarawa street.(F) Applicability of Rule Seals In 1921From the Department of Finance has been notified as follows: “Paraturan seal 1921 and seal of the legal rules contained mengaenai preformance other general rules, with ordonasi August 21, 1945 (Stadblad 220) for temporarily revoked (not used), except for the so-called seal capital (kapitaal zegel) has been extended with ordonasi dated 19 January 1948 (stadblad No. 25) that is, until July 1, a new past. From that date wajiblah redeemable stamp duty again as before, then it would be useful to give a brief view of the changes and Additional primarily from the regulatory seal of 1921, which has been held swsudah announced the full text of the calendar attachment in Government (Regering-a tender Almanac 1941, which headed (caption) Tax Law Indonesia-Indische Belastingwetgeving. 1941.Perubahan years held the customs to usrat Pas Travel abroad and certificate (lehitimatie-bewijs), nor may cataan to extend the time of this letter, has been raised menjafi F.5, – Aatu more than that becomes F.7, 50. To take into account the duties of the proof of lease hire, charges totaling 10 cents for each F.100, -, has been awarded a new rounding rule, which reads, customs sukrang least fifteen cents sampi 25 cents, more than 25 cents sampi 50 cents to twenty-five cents, more than 50 cents up to Rp 5, with fifty cents and more than Rp 5, – with a dollar. If jumalh of the charges calculated lies between the two stamp duty, wajiblah pay customs duties are the second highest dar8. stadsblad premises (gazetted) in 1948 no.135r opportunity to pay the stamp duty has been extended by membeolehkan setorn to the State Treasury for the deposit of a power of attorney issued by the comptroller’s office (inspectie van Fiancien). F.500 .- Limit has been lowered to F.25. For the attachment of the seal of all letter, then if desired be allowed to wear the seal paste (plakkzegel) instead of paper affixed with zegel which relies on private law only.Stamp duty remains of F.1, 50 for mail with  signatures created as evidence of action, facts and circumstances that must be paid, for securities that rely on private law (privaatrechtlijk) as well as the law governing the transportation between  private  people and the government (punliekrechtlijk ) have limited to a letter that relied on private law only.According to section IV a new beginning ekarang legendary duty levied at 50 cents from a letter of evidence storage, gudangdan penerimaa. Further charges 25 cents for kononsemen created here, party suarft chaeter of cargo and cargo.Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini.”

“Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between  no longer subject to this special duty. “>Chapter VIII of the rules for the collection of stamp duty meuat commerce / trade (handlzegel) has been greatly shortened and simplified Buying and selling agricultural produce between njutnya no longer subject to this special duty. if the case is made that the letter was signed, this letter is subject to the general stamp duty F.1, 50.Sale and purchase of fixed effect subject to this special duty, Customs for the memorandum to be made in this, dituanikan with outboard seal the ordinary. Metrai Commerce to be paid twice tealh turrunan dihapuskan.jiga not need to be taken in a list marked.For outstanding amsih letter, which was made before 1 July and which still must be given the seal selurhnya later (nazegelling) because the re-enactment rule bea.due to rules for regular mail and letters about the household tealh set, that of the letter the letter permulaaannya exempt from stamp duty. Bea was just be accomplished, if it is used sutrat notaries, prosecutors, penyitaaan or also if a pegaswai government must heed the determination of when to take the contents of the letter.In the meantime set also with changes streak halted as of July 1, the last, that the petition to the government or government agency and the determination to be taken upon it, subject to no more than the general stamp duty sebayak F1, 50. It has also been abolished preferential voting determination letter from the letter, which meuat appointment in the office and giving a raise. in this connection should be noted that the letter  to implement the employer’s premises parftikelir agreements already exempt from stamp duty under ordonasi in stadblad 1928 no.533Because time will pass so long, people can run the new stamp duty rules in 1921 premises really Supervisory Head of the Department of Finance has memebrikan keuasaan until the 1st of january 1949 to the Post in order to seal the employee to mention all the proposed “surat memunggut “no fines or make prosec Verbaal (news inspection program) so that all the errors until the date fixed

(e) Iklan Pasar Malam di Alon aloon Ambarawa

Masih tersedia tempat didalam pasar malam buat permainan (tombola,loterij barang) restaurant dll >Pembukaan pasar malam tgl 31 august 1948 sampai 5 sepetember 1948 yng berkepentingan supaya datang kepada komite alamat kantor Openbarfe SWerken Magelang street 148 Ambarawa.

(f)Berlakunya Peraturan Meterai Tahun 1921

Dari pihak Departemen Keuangan telah diberitahukan sebagai berikut:”Paraturan Meterai tahun 1921 dan aturan yang mengaenai hukum meterai yang termuat dalm peraturan umum lainnya,dengan ordonasi tanggal 21 Agustus 1945(Stadblad 220) untuk sementara dicabut(tidak dipakai),kecuali untuk yang dinamakan meterai modal(kapitaal zegel) telah diperpanjang dengan ordonasi tertanggal 19 januari 1948(stadblad no 25) yaitu sampai tanggal 1 July yang baru lalu. Mulai tanggal itu bea meterai wajiblah ditunaikan lagi seperti sediakala, maka itu berguna kiranya untuk memberikan pemandangan yang singkat tentang perubahan dan  tambahan yang terutama dari peraturan meterai 1921,yang telah diadakan swsudah diumumkannya naskah lengkap tentang itu didalam lampiran Penanggalan Pemerintah(Regering-almanak tahum 1941,yang berkepala(caption) Undang-Undang Pajak Indonesia -Indische Belastingwetgeving. tahun 1941.Perubahan yang diadakan adalah bea untuk usrat Pas Perjalanan keluar negeri dan surat keterangan(lehitimatie-bewijs),begitupula cataan untuk memperpanjang waktu dari surat ini,telah dinaikan menjafi F.5,- aatu lebih dari itu menjadi F.7,50. Untuk memperhitungkan bea dari tanda bukti sewa menyewa,bea berjumlah 10 sen untuk tiap F.100,-,telah diberikan aturan pembulatan baru, yang berbunyi, bea sukrang-kurangnya lima belas sen sampi 25 sen, lebih dari 25 sen sampi 50 sen dengan  duapuluh lima sen,lebih dari 50 sen sampai RP.5,  dengan lima puluh sen dan lebih dari RP.5,- dengan satu rupiah. Jika jumalh dari bea yang diperhitungkan  terletak diantara dua bea meterai ,wajiblah membayar bea tertinggi dar8 kedua bea tersebut. Denga stadsblad(lembaran negara)  tahun 1948 no.135r kesempatan untuk membayar bea meterai telah diperluas dengan membeolehkan setorn ke Kas Negeri atas surat kuasa untuk menyetor yang dikeluarkan kantor pengawas keuangan (inspectie van Fiancien).Batas F.500.- telah diturunkan menjadi F.25. Untuk penempelan meterai dari semua surat,untuk selanjutnya jika dikehendaki diperkenankan memakai meterai tempel(plakkzegel) sebagai ganti kertas yang dibubuhi zegel yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi saja.

Bea meterai tetap dari F.1,50 untuk surat  yang dibuhi tanda tangan dibuat sebagai bukti  tindakan,kenyataan dan keadaaan  yang harus dibayar ,untuk surat yang bersandar atas hukum pribadi(privaatrechtlijk) maupun atas hukum yang mengatur perhubungan anata orang partikjulir dan pemerintah(punliekrechtlijk) tealh dibatdsi untuk surat yang bersandarkan atas hukum pribadi saja.

Menurut bab IV a yang baru, mulai daris ekarang dipungut bea sebesar 50 sen dari surat bukti penyimpanan,gudangdan penerimaa. Selanjutnya bea 25 sen untuk kononsemen yang dibuat disini,partai chaeter tentang muatan serta suarft muatan.

Bab VIII yang meuat aturan untuk pemungutan  meterai perniagaan/dagang(handlzegel) telah sangat disingkatkan dan dipermudah>Jual beli hasil bumi sela njutnya tidak lagi dikenakan bea istimewa ini. jika tentang hal ini dibuat surat yang ditanda tangani,surat ini dikenakan bea meterai umum F.1,50.

Jual beli surat Effect tetap dikenakan bea istimewa ini, Bea untuk nota yang harus dibuat dalam ini, dituanikan dengan meterai tempel yang biasa saja. Metrai Perniagaan yang harus dibayar dua kali tealh dihapuskan.jiga tidak perlu diambil turunan  dalam suatu daftar yang diberi tanda.

Untuk surat yang masih beredar,yang dibuat sebelum tanggal 1 juli dan yang seluruhnya masih  harus diberikan meterai kemudian(nazegelling) karena berlakunya kembali peraturan bea.sesuai demngan aturan untuk surat biasa dan surat mengenai rumah tangga tealh ditetapkan,bahwa dari dari permulaaannya surat  surat itu dibebaskan dari bea meterai. Bea itu baru harus ditunaikan ,jika sutrat itu dipakai notaris,jaksa,penyitaaan atau juga jika seorang pegaswai pemerintah sewaktu mengambil penetapan harus mengindahkan isi dari surat itu.

Dalam pada itu  ditetapkan juga dengan perubahan kilat yang terhitung muali tanggal 1 Juli yang lalu, bahwa surat permohonan kepada Pemerintah atau badan pemerintah dan penetapan yang harus diambil atas hal itu,dikenakan tidak lebih dari bea meterai umum sebayak F1,50. JUga telah dihapuskan pemungutan istimewa surat dari surat penetapan,yang meuat pengangkatan dalam jabatan dan pemberian kenaikan gaji. dalam hubungan ini harus diperhatikan bahw asurat yang dinuat untuk melaksanakan perjanjian kerja denga  majikan parftikelir sudah dibebaskan dari bea meterai menurut ordonasi dalam stadblad 1928 no.533

Karena akan lewat sekian waktu lamanya, baru orang dapat menjalankan aturan bea meterai 1921 denga sungguh-sungguh Pengawas Kepala Departemen Keuangan telah memebrikan keuasaan sampai tanggal 1 january 1949 kepada pegawai Pos supaya menyegel lagi semua suart yang diajukan tidak memunggut denda atau membuat prosec verbaal(berita acara pemeriksaan) sehingga semua kesalahan sampai tanggal itu dibetulkan

July,28th,1948

the rare Residentie west sumatra official information(BERITA RASMI)

.undang Act no11 tentangf change the tax rate cut.

VICE PRESIDENT PEINRTAH 2.SURAT no 53/WP/BT/48

To the Inspector UmumKeuangan on Tax officials from the ministries of Finance M. Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag while running keqwajibannya pad for a State Commissioner of Financial Affairs in Bukititnggi.

Ordered, visiting each of the Residency in dsumatera order;

a. Perfecting Ijurannegara official organization, both technical and admimistratif based on the prevailing peraturam in Java and Madura.

b.Dimana necessary, to restore people’s trust to the Official State Ijuran (Dues)

c.Memperhebat receipts for the State so that the danger of inflation DAPT reduced.

To the Governor and Commander of the TNI Sumatra Sumatra commandment, all residents and the Unity of the Armed Forces d Sumatran hereby requested to provide all necessary assistance and information kepad a host of M. Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut in running a command that we provide.

Boekititnggi, 8 April 1948

Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

GOVERNMENT OF WEST SUMATRA edict.

Considering that in order to prevent price increases for goods makana seentara need to hold a prohibition for the time being, remove material from West Sumatra makana such as Copra, dry pepper, Peanut and Sweet Oil, and so on.

bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Resident of West Sumatra

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan dated 26 May 1948 by the secretary of the residency Haroen al Rasjid.

REGULATION OF MONEY WAITING

Governor of the State sumatra republic IndonesiaMenimbang that for mecapai rationalization in the use of workers labor on government positions in the province of Sumatra, needed to be rules about menberhentiakn employees as the excess energy than necessary to provide money Wait (wachtgeld) with peresetujuan of the Working Committee and the Legislative Decree Sumatra Prseiden NRI September 29, 1946.

Memuruskan, by canceling the (deadly) regulations regarding the provision of money waiting (wacht geld) current, and so on

ORIGINAL INFO:

1.undang undang no11 tentangf perobahan tarip pajak potong.

2.SURAT PEINRTAH WAKIL PRESIDEN no 53/WP/BT/48

Kepada Inspektur UmumKeuangan pada pejabat Pajak dari kementerian Keuangan M.Goenadi Widjojo Asmoro ynag buat sementara menjalankan keqwajibannya pad a Komisariat Negara Urusan Keuangan di Bukititnggi.

Diperintahkan ,mengunjungi tiap-tiap Keresidenan di dsumatera guna;

a. Menyempurnakan organisasi pejabat Ijurannegara,baik admimistratif  maupun teknis dengan berpedoman pada peraturam yang berlaku di Jawa dan Madura.

b.Dimana perlu,mengembalikan kepercayaan rakyat kepada Pejabat Ijuran Negara (Iuran)

c.Memperhebat pemasukan uang bagi Negara sehingga bahaya inflasi dapt diperkecil.

Kepada gubernur Sumatra dan Panglima TNI Komandemen Sumatra,segenap residen dan Kesatuan Angkatan Perang d sumatera dengan ini diminta supaya memberikan segala bantuan dan keterangan yang diperlukan kepad a tuan M.Goenadi widjojoasmoro tresbut dalam menjalankan perintah yang kami berikan.

Boekititnggi, 8 april 1948

Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia

MOHAMMAD HATTA

MAKLUMAT PEMERINTAH SUMATERA BARAT .

Menimbang bahwa untuk mencegah kenaikan harga barang makana buat seentara perlu mengadakan larangan buat sementara waktu ,mengeluarkan bahan makana dari daerah Sumatera Barat seperti Kopra,Lada kering,Kacang tanah dan Minyak Manis, dan seterusnya.

Bukititnggi 25 mei 1948

Residen sumatera Barat

Mr St.Mohd.Rasjid.

diumukan tanggal 26 mei 1948 oleh sekretaris keresidenan Haroen al Rasjid.

PERATURAN UANG TUNGGU

Gubernur sumatra Negara republik IndonesiaMenimbang bahwa untuk mecapai rasionalisasi dalam pemakaian tenaga pekerja pada jabatan Pemerintahan dalam Provinsi Sumatera,perlu diadakan peraturan tentang menberhentiakn Pegawai sebagai tenaga yang berlebih dari semestinya dengan memberikan Uang Tunggu(wachtgeld) dengan peresetujuan Badan Pekerja Dewan Perwakilan Sumatra dan Ketetapan Prseiden NRI tanggal 29 September 1946.

Memuruskan ,dengan membatalkan (mematikan) peraturan tentang pemberian uang tunggu(wacht geld0 yang berlaku sekarang, dan seterusnya

(INFO LENGKAP HANYA UNTUK ANGGOTA PREMIUM BLOD,SILAHKAN MENDAFTAR LIWAT KOMENTAR)

 

July,29th.1948

Two POSA member had sentence to death by Jakarta JUstice court because they throwed the granat at Kramat area Jakarta at july,20th.1948 .and two other sentence to jail 9 and 5 years.

 

August 1948

August,1th.1948

The KPOB_Komite Pendidik and Organisasi Buruh”(Worker oragnitation) had founded in order to unity the worker in struggle and work.(berjuang dan bekerja)

 

August ,4th.1948

The promotion of Fonds Pembelian Kapal terbang(FDK_Republik Fund for buying aeroplane) from Tapanoeli(very rare pamphlet, used the back for homemade cover in 1950)

 

August,5th.1948

The postally used An Lok book store Makassar, cds Makssar on karbouw 5 cent stamp to Bing Sien bookstore soerabaia.\

 

August.8th.1948

 

 

Original Money Order  with  hand written 25 roepiah and ORI clover  chopped CDS Bireun in august,9.1948(provenance Dr Iwan 1985)

 

 

 

 

August,9th.1948

The very rare earliest used off document , Sumatra Local republic revenue one new rupiah Rp.1.- august,11th.1948, look illustration below

 

and other date in August 1948 look above

August,10th.1948

The Java repoeblic Indonesia revenue,used on document, misprint the 15 cent, the 5  abnormal.

 

August 11th.1948

Musso, former PKI leader from the 1920s, arrives in Yogya after spending twelve years in the Soviet Union. Sjarifuddin announces that he has been an underground member of PKI.

 PKI sponsors strikes and demonstrations.Hatta, with little money to pay troops, begins demobilizing some TNI (army) units.

Pada tanggal 11 Agustus 1948,

 Musso tiba dari Moskow. Amir dan FDR segera bergabung dengan Musso. Untuk memperkuat organisasi, maka disusunlah doktrin bagi PKI. Doktrin itu bernama Jalan Baru. PKI banyak melakukan kekacauan, terutama di Surakarta.

Oleh PKI daerah Surakarta dijadikan daerah kacau (wildwest). Sementara Madiun dijadikan basis gerilya.

 

 

August,16th.1948

(1)The the youngman had made “Api Unggun”(glory flame)  di RI Building Pegangsaan Timur 56, but the Dutch soldier and Police  shooting and arrest them, Suripto was died(gugur)

(2) Sin Min Newspaper

(A) Pendjualan Opium Republic

Het dagblad of Opium in the Republican Sales

Dutch newspaper “het Dagblad” wrote about the sale of opium ole case of the Republic as follows: “Yesterday we have announced how the republican play around with interest, which is being held by the international community, by the way Republicans have set aside the international regulations for its own sake. As a general already know, it tealh illicit opium trade in a deal that was held preformance second world war, where tealh agreement was signed also by the country belanda.Sebenarnya opium sales conducted on a large scale by the republic, not just limited to areas within the archipelago. toxins that damage the health of the country, tealh entered by the Republic in the market again, while people with joy to see, that the compaction was halted tealh can be controlled. apparently the preformance of the republic is still opinionated bahw atujuan or intent that justify the way the tactic for achieving it. Cra-republic techniques now used to obtain money to finance his representatives abroad is a clear proof that Jogya skali sincerely can not apply as a country are commendable (Dutch propaganda in order to drop the name of the republic of Indonesia in the eyes of the world-calendar notes Dr. Iwan)

(B) Day 17 August in Australia

Melbourne, 14 August. Correspondent Daily politicians ‘Melbourne Herald’ wrote: “Most members of the diplomatic corps in Canberra may not be attending the reception day dtang lettuce that will be held by representatives of the Republic of Indonesia which telanh mengakat himself, Mr. Osman Sastroamidjojo. Now maybe the ministry of Foreign Affairs Australia will be forced to notify the ministry’s information whether or not to admit Mr Oesman. Mr. Oesman was not recognized by the government nor have Zustral8ia seta tesmi status, but according to her deputy foreign customs he has send the invitation to a birthday reception with respect to know n the third of the republic of Indonesia. Correspondent was indicating, that Ausrtralia may not be represented by Prime Minister J. Chifley, Evatt, who had no minister, acted as minister of state sementara.Chifley curved never attended such an occasion. According to the correspondent of increasing interest concern is whether the Australian foreign ministry officials not to attend the reception.

(C) Bandung Conference

Jakarta 15 August 1948, according to Aneta: “Unlike the first announcement is that the federal conference in Bandung will be postponed until the month of September setelah chairman and the author returned from the Dutch country. Finally taken a decision to proceed in the jkarta komnperensi on Monday night broadcast addressed pangilang to all state representatives, they were invited to come in Bandung Selas as possible.

(D) Communion For Cochran

Jakarta, 14 August (Aneta). Consul General of the United States and the American delegation in the KDB, on Saturday night held a banquet to honor members of the new United dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, held a reception room Hotel des Indes.Diantara bnayak people, who came to salute the master Cochran, was Lieutenant-General Dr. HJ van Mook chairman of the Dutch delegation, R. Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo, young Laksmana ASPinke, state secretary of economic affairs Mr JE van Hoogstraren. of delegation of the Republic, among others, seem present chairman Mr Mohammad Roem and also foreign minister Haji Agoes Salim.Banyak leading people from the military and civilian masters come to berkenalan with Cochran.

(E) Bureau PTT in the Netherlands Indies

Jkaarta August 11, 1948, shortage of employees in the Bureau PTT is such that the composition of which is now barely sufficient for the daily work of the 1940 PTT terpenting.Dalam diIndonesia effigy has 12,418 employees, consisting of 5785 employees and medium-high, low pengawai 6633 . In permulaaan the 1948 figure to be 7202 (3944 and 3258). Especially the shortage of high officials and mewnengah.
Postal service had not so many losses when compared with the tehnikmeskipun number of post offices and post office assistant no longer used DAPT. postal delivery everywhere is almost normal again. but also in this case was once an employee keurangan kantor.Pengiriman money (poswessel) and delivery is still hampered by epraturan pospaket expenditure of foreign exchange and agricultural products. Bangaiman growing number of the letters turned out, that the preformance of 1947 with the mediation service and curved flight in the country of the Netherlands Indies government service, the semi-official and a private had been transported a number of postal 1,510,281 kg (69 624 kg in 1940) of that total civilian 689,542 kg and 361,800 kg of the military.

With Jakarta Amsterdam KLM airplane trip, in 1947, has been transported into and through the State dutch postal number 202.4e82 kg (1939 42 820 kg). of that number there are 136,131 military post, especially for dutch country. From dutch country and other countries preformance in 1947 with KLM Amsterdam jakarta transported 331,441 kg while in 1939 55 744 248 119 kg of between this military post. In 1939 many pospaket sent and received on average 112,000 pounds, years ago in 1947 and 105 000 kg in 1948 to the present 185.0000 kg.

PTT in Indonesia in the year before the war gets hit, for example in 1940 the acceptance of 09.29 million dollars with penegluaran 23.8 million, so profits 6100.000 guilders, while the results of the lau-year 1947 loss menunnukkan 4.589 million guilders (20.050.0000 reception and penegluarahn 25,639. 000) although it should be noted also that in general the action after the new politionil billed telephone Subscribed money that unless the postal receipt is always the biggest gains, while both of 1947 new bahgian elevated rates. by not investigating the possibility of small, can be expected that the reception in 1948 will amount to between 40 and 50 million rupiah. purchase price of goods remains in January 1, 1941 amounted to 63.000.0000 guilders, while the January 1, 1948 nearly 55.8 million gulden.Berhub ung with ten-year plan can be said that everything depends on the development of political and economic circumstances of this dinusantara. all that the PTT service can be held here after the war, would not be possible, if there is no assistance from the military, especially on the protection of workers PTT group, so we have to thank the Dutch PTT in the country as a matter of tools.

Original info:

(a) Pendjualan Candu Republik

Het dagblad tentang Penjualan Candu di Republik

Harian belanda “het Dagblad” menulis tentang perkara penjualan candu ole Republik sebagai berikut: “Kemaren kami telah mengumumkan bagaimana republik bermain-main dengan kepentingan, yang sedang diselengarakan oleh dunia Internasional, dengan cara Republik telah menyampingkan peraturan internasional untuk kepentingan diri sendiri. Seperti umum telah ketahui,memperdagangkan candu itu tealh terlarang dalam suatu perjanjian  yang diadakan dalam perang dunia kedua,perjanjian mana tealh ditanda tangani juga oleh negeri belanda.Sebenarnya penjualan candu yang dilakukan secara besar-besaran oleh republik itu , tidak hanya terbatas pada daerah dalam lingkungan Nusantara. racun yang merusak kesehatan negeri itu,tealh dimasukan oleh Republik dalam pasar lagi,pada saat orang dengan gembira sekali melihat,bahwa pemadatan itu telah mulai dapat dikendalikan. rupanya orang dalam republik masih tetap berpendirian  bahw atujuan atau maksud itu membenarkan cara yang dipaki untuk mencapainya. Cra-cara yang sekarang dipakai republik untuk mendapatkan uang guna mengongkosi  para utusannya diluar negeri adalah suatu bukti yang nyata skali bahwa Jogya sunguh-sungguh tidak dapat berlaku sebagai negara yang patut dihargai(propaganda belanda guna menjatuhkan nama republik Indonesia dimata dunia -catatn Dr iwan)

(b) Hari 17 agustus di australia

Melbourn,14 agustus. Koresponden politi harian”Melbourne Herald” menulis: “Sebagian besar anggota korps diplomatik di canbera mungkin tidak akan menghadiri resepsi hari selada yang akan dtang yang akan dilangsungkan oleh wakil Republik Indonesia yang telanh mengakat dirinya sendiri,Mr Osman Sastroamidjojo. Sekarang mungkin kementerian Luar negeri Australia akan terpaksa memberi tahu keterangan apakah kementerian itu mengakui Mr Oesman atau tidak. Mr Oesman tadi tidak diakui oleh pemerintah Zustral8ia seta tidak pula mempunyai status tesmi, kan tetapi sesuai dengan adat kebiasaan wakil negeri asing ia telah mengirmkan undangan untuk suatu resepsi  berkenaan dengan hari ulang tahu n ketiga dari republik Indonesia. Koresponden itu menunjukkkan ,bahwa Ausrtralia mungkin tidak diwakili oleh perdana menteri J.Chifley,yang selama menteri Evatt tidak ada, bertindak sebagai menteri laur negeri sementara.Chifley tidak pernah menghadiri kesempatan seperti itu. Menurut koresponden itu yang sedang menarik perhatian ialah apakah pegawai kementerian luar negeri Australia kan menghadiri resepsi itu.

(c) Konperensi bandung

Jakarta  15 agustus 1948, menurut Aneta :” Berlainan dengan pengumuman dahulu yaitu bahwa konperensi federal di bandung akan diundurkan sampai bulan september  setealh ketua dan penulisnya kembali dari negeri belanda. Akhirnya diambil suatu keputusan untuk melanjutkan komnperensi tersebut di jkarta pada malam senin menyiarkan pangilang yang ditujukan kepada semua wakil negara ,mereka diundang datang di bandung selas-lekasnya.

(d) Perjamuan Untuk Cochran

Jakarta,14 agustus(Aneta). Konsul Jenderal Amerika Serikat dan delegasi amerika dalam KDB,pada hari sabtu malam mengadakan perjamuan untuk menghormati anggota baru Amerika dlam KDB H.merle Cochran, bertempat diruang resepsi Hotel des Indes.Diantara orang bnayak, yang datang menghormat tuan Cochran ,tampak Letnan jendral dr H.J.van Mook ketua delegasi belanda,R.Abdoelkadir Widjojoatmodjo,laksmana muda A.S.Pinke, sekretaris negara urusan ekonomi Mr J.E. van Hoogstraren. dari delegasi Republik antara lain tampak hadir ketua Mr Moh roem dan juga menteri luar negeri Haji Avgoes Salim.Banyak sekali orang terkemuka dari kalangan militer dan sipil datang untuk merkenalan dengan tuan Cochran.

(e) Jawatan PTT di Hindia Belanda

jakarta 11 Agustus 1948, kekurangan pegawai di Jawatan PTT adalah sedemikian rupa hingga susunan  yang sekarang hampir tidak cukup untuk pekerjaan sehari-hari yang terpenting.Dalam tahun 1940 PTT diIndonesia mempunyai 12.418 orangan pegawai, yang terdiri dari 5785 pegawai tinggi dan menengah, 6633 pengawai rendah. Pada permulaaan tahun 1948 angka tersebut jadi 7202(3944 dan 3258) .terutama kekurangan pegawai tinggi dan mewnengah.
Jawatan Pos mengalami tidak begitu banyak kerugian jika dibandingkan dengan bagian tehnikmeskipun sejumlah kantor pos dan kantor pos pembantu tidak dapt dipakai lagi. pengiriman  pos dimana-mana sudah hampir biasa lagi. akan tetapi juga dalam hal ini terasa sekali keurangan pegawai kantor.Pengiriman uang(poswessel) dan pengiriman pospaket masih terhalang oleh epraturan pengeluaran devisa dan hasil bumi. Bangaiman bertambah banyaknya jumlah surat-surat ternyata, bahwa dalam tahun 1947 dengan perantaraan jawatan penerbangan dalam dan laur negeri dari jawatan pemerintah Hindia belanda, setengah resmi dan partikulir telah diangkut sejumlah 1.510.281 kg pos(dalam tahun 1940 69.624 kg) dari jumlah itu  sipil 689.542 kg dan militer 361.800 kg.

Dengan pesawat terbang KLM Jakarta  Amsterdam pulang pergi, dalam tahun 1947 telah diangkut ke dan melalui Negeri belanda pos sejumlah 202.4e82 kg(tahun 1939 42.820 kg). dari jumlah itu ada 136.131 pos militer terutama untuk negeri belanda. Dari negeri belanda dan negeri lain dalm tahun 1947 dengan KLM Amsterdam jakarta diangkut 331.441 kg sedangkan tahun 1939 55.744 kg dari antara ini 248.119 pos militer. Pada tahun 1939 banyak pospaket dikirm dan yang diterima rata-rata 112.000 kg ,tahun yang lalu 1947 105.000 kg dan tahun 1948 sampai sekarang 185.0000 kg.

PTT di Indonesia pada tahun sebelum perang mendapat untung,misalnya tahun 1940 penerimaaan 29.9 juta rupiah dengan penegluaran 23.8 juta,jadi keuntungan 6.100,000 gulden, hasil sementara tahun yang lau 1947  menunnukkan kerugian 4.589.000 gulden(penerimaaan 20.050.0000 dan penegluarahn 25.639.000) meskipun harus diperhatikan juga bahwa pada umumnya sesudah aksi politionil  baru  ditagih uang langanan tilpon yang kecuali penerimaan pos  selalu merupakan keuntungan terbesar,sedangkan bahgian kedua tahun 1947 baru dinaik tarif. dengan tidak menyelidiki kemungkinan kecil, dapat diharapkan bahwa penerimaaan tahun 1948 akan berjumlah antara 40 dan 50 juta rupiah. harga pembelian barang-barang tetap pad atanggal 1 januari 1941 berjumlah 63.000.0000 gulden,sedangkan 1 januari 1948 hampir 55.800.000 gulden.Berhub ung dengan rencana sepuluh tahun dapat dikatakan bahwa segala sesuatu tergantung pada perkembangan  keadaan politik dan ekonomi dinusantara ini. segala apa yang jawatan PTT disini setelah perang dapat diselenggarakan, tidak akan mungkin, jika tidak ada bantuan dari fihak militer, terutama tentang perlindungan rombongan pekerja PTT ,seterusnya kita harus berterima kasih kepada PTT di negeri belanda karena soal pemberian alat-alat.

August,13th.1948

The postally used cover  with rare airmail label(per luchtpost  AV5  send from soerabia to semarang

August,16th,1945

Soeara Indonesia newspaper  at den padsar Bali created by  journalist K.Nadha witn motto “From People by people and  to people “(130)

Look the picture of the newspaper below

 

 

 

 

August,17th.1948

The three years Indonesian Independence day :

(a)ceremony

the picture in Jogyakarta

 

 

Crowds in Djakarta celebrating the 4th anniversary of Indonesian independence – August 17, 1949

 

 

Achmed Sukarno challenging his Indonesian countrymen to grand acts of patriotism

 

 

 

 

(b) postal history

(b1) The 3d anniversary of independence issue design young mad withtransportation, 100 sen and 150 sen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b2) West Sumatra  3rd  year independence  postal sationer with design soldier and tank.

 

(c) The Youngman Suripto was burried  ”dimakamkan”

 

mood to let go of this invaluable asset.

 

 

 

UN military observers checking up on a UN-sponsored cease-fire – 1948

 

 

Indonesians remove from the Djakarta palace portraits of their former Dutch governors – 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,18th.1948

The earliest used new  half Rupiah(new rupiah R 1 = 100 old rupiah f.) local sumatra revenue, used off cover still very rare collections courtecy dr iwan,look illustration below

 

and the latest used 16 and 17  November 1948,look illustrations above

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,19th.1948

The rare Repoblik Indonesia income tax with handwritten R.2,- added bea, postmark CDS Padang Pandjang 19.8.48(Only one ever seen in the world)August,20th.1948

 

(1)The NRI gouvernemnt annouced “Ikut Berdukacita”  and honored  to  the Youngman patriot .

(2) Postally used Wilhelmina federal state lettersheet postal stationer send from Ms Cornelis(now jatinegara) to Buitenzorg (now Bogor)

.

(3)The Chinese oversees health Organization(MD<Dentist and aphothekeer) letter to their member batavia,with dancer 3 cen and specila Batavia CDS,

August,21th.1948

the rare offiial cover from pasir pengarayan CDS repoeblik poststamped with Rep Indonesia off, to Pakanbaru.

 

 

August,22th.1950

Federal state Indonesia first day cover 50 year wilhemina royal netherland crown.cds at Batavia centrum.

 

August,23th.1948

910 Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara which pointed as the Vice Prime menistry of sumatra with Religious menistry K.H. Masykur arrived at Kutaraja this day and Vice Priem Menistry of sumatra, Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara dismissed(membubarkan) Daerah Istimewa Aceh and chaged to be the Aceh P{rovince. Military Gouvernour Tgk.M.Daud Beureuh “diberhentikan” from his “jabatan”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,23th.1948

 

 

 

(2)the Picture Postcard  Hotel Des Indes  send from batavia to Bali.

 

 

August,24th.1948

Rumahsakit Perguruan tinggi diambil Belanda ,dengan demikian habislah gedung yang berbau Republik,seluruhnya sudah diduduki Belanda.

Mustapha Abdullah dan kawan-kawannya 11 orang  ditangkap karena dipersalahkan melempar granat dimuka gedung Bioskop Capitol dan disekitar Molenvliet Jakarta. Penangkapan itu sesudah diadakan pengeledahan sejak terjadi peristiwa peledakan tersebut.

August,25th.1948

(a)The diploma of nursing from Health suddivision of Defense Menistry, issued at Jokja august 23th, 1948, legalizied by health menistry in February,15th 1950 with local Jogja revenue  7 1/2 rupiah green,

(b)Manifes Perhimpunan Mhasiswa Jkarta berhubung dengan pengambilan gedung RSPT dalam usaha penyelengaraan penyususan Perguruan tinggi Nasional menghadapi banyak rintangan :

(a) Pengusiran mahasiswa kedokteran di asrama prapatan 10(oktober 1945)

(b) Pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi kedokteran Jakarta,pengambilan gedung Perguruan Tinggi Hukum dan Kesusasteraan (21 juli 1947) dan pengambilan Gedung Rumah Sakit Perguruan Tinggi(sekarang RSCM )

August,27th.1948

the earliest date ,postally used  3rd anniverasry Indonesia Independence 100 and 150 sen on cover.

August,28th.1948

KTN diminta memperhatikan soal tindakan pengusiran oleh Belanda terhadap pegawai RI di Jakarta.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August,31th.1948

(a)The rare new rupih RP.1.50 republic sumatra local revenue uesed off document august,31th.1948 look below

 

and upper September 1948 same  new rupiah used revenue.

(b) The ORI (newr Roepiah currency oeang repoeblik indoneisa0overp[int -.50 lima poeloeh sen repoblik Indonesia Reveneu on “surat pengangkatan pegawai Pegadaian Negeri Daerah Djawa Timur di Blitar”

(c)The form of the republic Indonesia paper money  have change in Postal office model G(because to many false banknote, all banknote must show at pos office, the false with keep and the origianl will chnage with the new repoeblic Indonesia paper money)

at the back the  mint repoeblic Indonnesia pen strip overprint the ned Indie karbouw 1 cent stamp.look the used on documnet ontvang bewij(pospakeet recu) in  january,29th.1947

September 1948

PKI gains recruits from PDF; new Politburo includes Aidit, Lukman and Njoto.Republican Government releases Tan Malaka from custody as a counter to PKI influence.

September,6th.1948

2000 police on doty to keep the security(keamanan) during Price Juliana  crowning(penobatan)

September, 5th.1948

Musso gives speech advocating that Indonesia align itself with the Soviet Union.

September,9th.1948

(1)Dr iwan collections of the first PON(pekan Olah raga nasional-Basional sport weeks) at Solo(surakarta) .

(2) The very rare and only one ever seen the block four  4x f100 local sumtara republic indonesia revenue,used on fragment document, 9.10.1948

September,11th.1948

 

 

 

 

 

NICA Javasche babk papermoner in 1948

The jakarta justice court had sentence 15 years to  the Dai Nippon war criminal Ikeda seichi due to get the Java young womens to be prostitute.

 

The Fake  Residency  (Keresidenan)of Atjeh  local papermoney in  September,11th.1948

Read more info of fake papermoney

 

Modern falsifications of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money

– By Rob Huisman –

One can devide forgeries of Netherlands Indies and Indonesian paper money in 4 categories:

– Contemporary falsifications with the objective to circulate the forgeries for profit

– Contemporary falsifications, issued by rivaling parties to either disrupt the others economy and/or finance secret operations

– Low quality modern falsifications for sale to ignorant tourists and starting collectors, being either:

  • reproductions of existing notes
  • fantasy notes

– High quality modern falsifications for sale to the collectors community, being either:

  • reproductions of scarce notes
  • pretended newly discovered issued and proof notes

Although the first two categories are of interest to collectors, especially the last category is most annoying to the collecting community. Years ago, Netherlands Indies paper money was mainly collected by some Dutch collectors that included the overseas territories in their Netherlands paper money collection. More recently, also Indonesia became more aware of its past and the improved local economic situation allows more Indonesians to spend money on collecting. There is even a tendency where Netherlands-Indies and Indonesian paper money sells at higher prices in Indonesia than in Europe. In recent years, several Indonesian auction houses were founded that offer an impressive selection of much sought after paper money. For better quality and more scarce pieces the prices have risen significantly. Unfortunately as soon as these items become expensive, falsifications also start to surface. This collecting area is still in its early days and therefore it is likely that unknown issued or proof notes might be discovered. The relatively low average salary level combined with the skilled craftsmanship of the Indonesian people make paper money an easy target for falsifications. When an unknown Netherlands Indies or Indonesian note appears on the market it is therefore justified to be suspicious about its authenticity.

Below I have listed an overview of paper money that I have classified as “modern falsifications”. This list is not complete and newly identified forgeries will be added as they surface.

============================================================

In december 2007 I bought four notes from Tandjong Pandan, the main town of the Indonesian island Billiton.

 

 

 

 

Studying the notes carefully, the following observations can be made:

  • The notes carry no serial number identification which is unusual for notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • The notes do not have a specific date of issue, only the larger one has 1947 printed, but no day and month which is also unusual for  notes in this period, especially for notes with a denomination of 1 rupiah and higher.
  • One note mentions Cents (Dutch) as denomination; the other one mentions Rupiah (Indonesian). During the revolutionary period the new Republik Indonesia discouraged and prevented the use of any reference to the Dutch colonial period on its paper money.
  • The paper has several folds. Especially the larger note has a strong horizontal fold in the middle where the paper has been damaged. Looking with a magnifier,  the printing ink shows creep into the paper at the fold and also has no ink on locations immediately next to the fold; These are strong indications that the printing occurred on paper that already had the folds.
  • The large note carries the signature and name of M. Lukman Hakim who later became the governor of Bank Indonesia (1958-1959). It is known that he called himself Loekman Hakim since he followed the old spelling, just like Soekarno did.
  • The signature of Mr. Loekman Hakim does not resemble his signature that is printed on the ORI BARU notes of 1949.
  • The cutting perforation of the notes is not used on any other Indonesian note and has no clear functional reason.

==============================================================

During the past few years a number of  falsifications has entered the market, especially via internet sites like eBay. Although these notes seemed to be fake at a first glance, I did buy several  in order to study them in more detail. Because the number of fake Indonesian and Netherlands-Indies notes sold via eBay is irritating me, last night I send an e-mail to one specific eBay seller, pointing out to him that he was selling fake paper money and asking him to at least mention that in his description. He wrote me back asking me why this note was fake and if so, he would remove the note from eBay. Basically I spend my whole night looking at this note and wondering how to describe to him that this note is a fake. I realised that it is pretty dificult to describe why a note that looks like a fake is indeed a forgerie. During this exercise I also put some of my other presumed fake notes on the table and looked at them for a while. In total it is a collection of eight notes that I aquired during the past three years and that I put aside for studying at a later moment in time. It is a variety of notes:

 

 

100 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

 

 

500 Gulden note from Sabang from 1-2-1948

The e-mail to the eBay seller concerned the sale of the above note of 100 Gulden. My e-mail reply was as follows:

“This is a note from a series that contains a 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. These are recent falsifications for sale to tourists visiting Sabang, which is a most attractive island, especially loved by scuba divers, located near the coast of Atjeh at the most western point of Indonesia. These notes are regularly offered on eBay for sale.

Looking at the revolutionary period in Indonesia between 1945 and 1949, the so called struggle for independence, there were parts of Indonesia where the Dutch were in charge and parts where the new Republican government was in charge. The status of Sabang during these years is not very clear.
However the Dutch did not issue any local money during this period, they only issued NICA money in some territories and re-introduced the old Javasche Bank money where NICA was short on supply. Later they issued new Javasche Bank money in several area’s.

The Indonesian government issued the ORI money on Java and later they issued ORIPS money on Sumatra. Because of logistical problems with the distribution of ORIPS money some local governmental institutions issued their own local money, like the Asahan province. The Republican money for the Atjeh area was printed in Bukkittinhi and was also called ORIPS money. There are no historical records of Sabang printing or issueing own money.
 
If the Dutch would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure be Dutch money, in Dutch language and on high quality paper. The notes mention the name VANDER P, which possibly refers to Van der Plas, one of the highest ranking officials in the Dutch Indies at that time. It is unlikely that he would have been the signatory of any local issued paper money. Also there is no logic to just mentioning part of his name. Most text on the notes is in Malay while the denomination is in Gulden. The spirit of those times was that the Dutch would have issued paper money using Dutch text, mentioning only the denomination in both Dutch and Malay, like all the other issues in that period.
 
If the Indonesian Republic would have issued local money in Sabang, it would for sure mention Rupiah as the denomination. There was a strong sense of nationalism within the Republican party and it is sure to assume that any reference to the Dutch colonial period would be prevented. All the local issues of the Republic Indonesia mention Rupiah’s during that period.
Furthermore the 100 and 500 gulden notes have the F. sign in front of the denomination which refers to the Florin, the old Netherlands word for Gulden. It is highly unlikely that the Indonesian Republic would all of a sudden start using this historic notation, that was last used on Dutch Java Bank banknotes in 1864, on a small and distant Indonesian Island.
 
Next, the notes have the Islam sign with star and crescent moon printed on the note which is not observed on any genuine Sumatra notes of that period. There are two notes listed in the Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia KUKI (HP-3 and HP-4) both issued by Negara Islam Indonesia (NII) at Cirebon, Java in 1949, unfortunately the author of the catalogue was only able to provide poor quality black and white copies of these notes.
Some years ago a series of five notes was offered to several senior collectors for a price of $ 4.000 that was supposed to be issued by the NII in the Atjeh province. Also this series is believed to be a fake and might even originate from the same counterfeiter.”

 

Een honderd dollars note from Deli / Medan 1899
Note the text “Jhon ench zone” at the bottom of the obverse. It is an amateurish reference to the Dutch printer “Joh. Enschedé en Zonen”

 

20 Rupiah note from Medan 5 juli 1947

 

500 Rupiah note from Laboehan Batoe, 11 september 1947

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in pink color

 

25.000.000 Rupiah note from Membang Muda, 3 mei 1947 in green color

 

100 Rupiah, Keresidenan Atjeh, 15 September 1948

 

September,13th.1948

the IWI (journalist organization) resolution to  Let.General abdul kadir  Widjojoatmodjo(NICA vice commander) to “Mencabut”(off)the regulation to stop the neewspaper circulations.

September,14th.1948

 

Special service in the Kwitang mosque of Jakarta after the death Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the first governor of Pakistan(14 september 1948)

September, 17th.1948

Siliwangi division drives PKI out of Surakarta; PKI retreats to Madiun.

 

 

September, 18th.1948

PKI attempts a coup in Madiun; kills pro-government officers there.

FDR -federasi demokrasi rakyat  (People Democratic  Front) joined the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) to plan a coup.

Some of the actions undertaken by these groups including waging anti-government propaganda, conducting demonstrations, strikes, kidnap and kill political opponents, and move the riots in some places.

In line with the event, came Muso a communist leader who has long been in Moscow, the Soviet Union. He joined the Amir Syarifuddin to oppose the government, he even managed to take over the helm of the PKI. After that, he and his friends increased terror, pitting units and aggravate the personal existence of the TNI leadership Soekarno-Hatta. Peak action is a rebellion against the Communist Party of Indonesia on September 18, 1948 in Madiun, Java Timur.T ujuan rebellion was undermining the state of RI and replace it with a communist state. In this action several officials, military officers, party leaders, scholars and people who are considered enemies murdered in cold blood. This act of cruelty to make people angry and condemn the PKI. Figures of warriors and military forces are currently facing the Netherlands, but the government of Indonesia is able to act quickly. Soedirman commander ordered Colonel Gatot Subroto in Central Java and East Java Colonel Sungkono to run insurgency operation of the PKI. On 30 September 1948, Madison can be occupied again by the TNI and the police. In this operation successful Muso was shot dead while Amir Syarifuddin and other figures were arrested and sentenced to death.

 

PKI atrocities

In Madiun Affair September 1948, PKI followers among others catch Regent Magetan Sakidi. PKI executioner stretched a ladder cross over a well in Soco. Then the body of the regents was laid on top of that ladder. When supine bound like that, executioners sawed off two Sakidi body, dropped down into the well. Mrs Sakidi who heard her husband was executed in Soco, followed there by holding her two children aged 1 and 3 years. She was desperate to ask to see the corpse of her husband. Hassle serve, PKI massacred all the woman witnessed her two children, then dicemplungkan also into the well. In Starch and Wirosari, anal villagers pierced with bamboo spears and then plugged in the rice field like a scarecrow bird repellent. Meanwhile, a woman stabbed her pussy with bamboo spears and also plugged in the rice field

 

 

 

 

Pada tanggal 18 September 1948,

 Musso memproklamasikan berdirinya pemerintahan Soviet di Indonesia. Tujuannya untuk meruntuhkan Republik Indonesia yang berdasarkan

Pancasila dan menggantinya dengan negara komunis. Pada waktu yang bersamaan, gerakan PKI dapat merebut tempat-tempat penting di Madiun. Untuk menumpas pemberontakan PKI, pemerintah melancarkan operasi militer. Dalam hal ini peran Divisi Siliwangi cukup besar.

 Di samping itu, Panglima Besar Jenderal Soedirman memerintahkan Kolonel Gatot Subroto di Jawa Tengah dan Kolonel Sungkono di Jawa Timur untuk mengerahkan pasukannya menumpas pemberontakan PKI di Madiun

Solo City shocked by the kidnapping and killer fulfillment of the dr
Mawardi,

 

 bull Barisan leaders of the Republic of Indonesia (BPRI), due to investigation  and further analysis is no business of the Communist party to kidnapping and killing characters that are not his people, (Dr. Muwardi present when Proklamsi kemderdekaan August 17, 1945 in Jakrta, read in 1945)
18 September events in the history of black struggle Indonesian nation, the betrayal of the PKI (Indonesian Communist Patai) Diwali from Goranggareng 10 miles from Madison, dozens of people killed in sebuag building (see photo victim dlam hole). Go then in Ngrambe 35 leaders of the people also were killed, followed in Dungus 60 people died in a terrible state. In tirtomoyo 37 miles south Wonogiri 9in one building used gunpowder 200 people locked up (captured in), 50 of whom died in a terrible state. Murder happens everywhere, in place of the PKI into political mayoritas.Lawan, officials, Alim Ulama did not escape from the target PKI.
On this occasion Siliwangi Division and battalion generally Umar Wirahadi Kusuma (see his picture with the rank of Major was involved in the operation of the PKI (Indonesian Communist Party), as the story of Pak Umar as follows:


Batalion Umar was formed from troops grilya first war of independence (July 1947) that IV battalion of 13 Brigade, based in Tjolomadu Suiliwangi Solo (near the sugar mill and the main field of air pouring Panasan, Dr Iwan has attended compulsory military officer training school here in 1973).
To quell the communist party in Madison, pak umar with assigned troops occupied the city and mengadalkan Magetan dsekitarnya cleaning, subsequently entered into Sumorojo_Purwantoro pengejatran PKI forces as well as a cross-country to Pacitan.
When he took Magetan (see Photo Magetan military entered the town), Pak Umar served as Head of the local Military Government Achmad accompany Regent Magetan Sukarna widjaja, this is where Mr. Umar saw sendir kebiadapan PKI, is the man when he loses his dignity humanitarian and had forgotten to God, then it will be lower than the animals that PKI (the  same thing in Cambodia, the killing fields of Pol Pot, calendar notes Dr. Iwan)
At the time of entry Magetan IV battalion engaged with the formation of the left wing and right wing and Mr. Umar was in the center,and the left wing soldiers save mothers and children in the family of police in that area.During at magetan Mr Umar  with Dr.  Sumadi, they have held back Factoring Orban mass graves and conducting reconstruction malignancy PKI how the state apparatus (the civil service and police Magetan) were killed by the CPI with the photos will be sent to PUSEMAD.
5.6 and 7 Siliwangi Regiment of the Brigade was shipped Platinus III (date forgotten) and landed in Apex, Major General Djatikusumo (see photograph) and his aides as the host come to welcome the troops, this Regiment will perform duties as a outpost for quell the rebellion calling itself the FDR (Democratic Front Takjyat) led by Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin (see fot profilenya da photos with hisfriends.

 

, Muso artiket PKI Madiun incident premises

 

 aid ex Maladi Major Joseph (see photograph )

 

, Maj. Gen. Djoko Suyono Military leaders of the FDR / PKI (see photograph)

 

 

, sera lascar photo that strongly influenced the Labour Party.


At night the Brigade Staff continue to actively follow the cleaning movement (pembersihan), suddenly Lieutenant Marzuku of PHB (Transportation TNI) reported that he caught the radio broadcasts of the contents of which the Proclamation of the Republic of Madison people’s democracy, interspersed repeated broadcasts answering to Let.Kol Sadikin who remain on the side that FDR was always  winning soldiers  far out of town, and subsequently held pengejaran because with a proclamation broadcast tone aka FDR is a new task.
Then came the bustle of preparation Long March to Madison, on the day before leaving for the whole battalion gathered in the courtyard that served the town hall since the Great Commander General Sudirman amanatnya.Suasana will deliver a touching moment departing from solo to Tawangmanggu (DR iwan during military exercises also follow this path ) along the road until the town folk kepingir berdeet dipinngir street shouting siliwangi Life! Happy fighting! Up in Tawang Mangu troops transported by truck and then walking toward the rebel defenses left FDR.Sayap api.Batalion transported by pack train arrived at walikukun Umar and battalion and battalion Sumadi Sentot to 10 miles from Ngawi.
Intel then sent a member of TNI to the medium to observe the situation, the brigade of the 13th was followed by Colonel Mudstopo komadan as CREW, is also the battalion commander Major Suprapto Sukowati Madison, sister line of bull rusdi dri Solo and Ms. Rashid girl a journalist CREW also participated. (See long march photos)

 

 

 

 

In Tawang Mangu as a starting point for the axis movement, with small groups to infiltrate the enemy with meneyebarkan kepanikan.with to the belly( keperut) soared toward the left as gerekan Ngawi misdirection, then troops moved into Cemorosewu Tawangmangu to Tawang Mangu menyebur outpost where troops stalled waiting PKI Muso.Di CemoroSewu laparon of the battalion who stormed sarangan, soon received news that Sarangan already mastered (see photograph)


Raid tonnes received help from the cadets AMN (Academy of National Meliter) based in the hotel Arendnest Sarangan led by Major Dr. Singgih.Dengan safe sarangan can sit on it, immediately moving quickly to occupy the first Magetan occupy the airfield Maospati, then preparation for Madison through Goranggareng and Pagotan, escorted by a battalion Pak Umar kompin of the command post at Pak Umar Plaosan.Batalion since yesterday already mastered Walikukun_Ngrambe_Panikan, which lowers the mental forces on the FDR PKI Magetan, Maospati and madison.
Bataluion move Madium Palosan_Goranggareng_Pageta routes crossing the street, in Gorangareng there is heavy resistance, but thanks to the high spirit of military resistance apsukan can be broken> PKI FRD Force flight was coming from an escape from Magetan and Masopati and around Gunung Liman Wilis, with state of panic they retreat to Ponorogo.berdasarkan this state prior to the battalion pack Madium Umar stopped to Magetan danMaospati.
To find the atmosphere on the east side, Mr. Umar personally went to Kediri to appear before the military governor of East Java, Mr. Sungkono (see illustration profile)

 

, Pak Umar reported that the city of Madison, Magetan, Maospati and Ngawai now fully been dukuasai TNI except Ponorogo.Ternyata obtained information that FDR forces? PKI now escape to  Ngebel and Ponorogo, the military advance of requested cooperation UB Siliwangi and eastern Java, with the division of tasks siliwangi Caruban_Gunung operating area to the west dank LIman_Gunung willis e Eastern regions took charge of Operation UB ynag Ponorogo and Trangalek.
Look at the illustration Madium military entered the town.


On returning to Madium, Pak Umar informed that Muso ca was at  one of  place dilereng Liman escorted mountain under the leadership core btalaion Maladi Jusuf, figures FDR? Other PKI also arriving there like Amir Sjarifuddin <djokosujono.alimin, Suripto, Tan Malaka and Wikana, then prepared a plan to persecute.
The first weapon Bentriokan experienced dilereng Mount Liman, chase chase terjadi.Pasukan FDR / PKI kejurusan Ngebel escape, pursuit carried on, there kontar weapons, Maladi jusugf hit that had carried his army, after the chase lasted three days, obtained a report that was run Muso to Ponorogo_Trengalek towards the south to southwest mountain Gembes Ponorogo in sector-Ponorogo_Pacitan Wonogiri triangle, then the right-wing direbut.Dari Ponorogo can then move towards Pacitan pasuakan tonnes after a new week until Tirtomerto anatara Wonogiri_Pacitan, while other troops were among Purwantoro and Wonogiri , while the Battalion Slamer Rijadi (see illustration profile) provides news slah, was actually running towards the contrary, so Bataluio n Pak Umar in sarangan ditygaskan stemming from the north, Pak Umar together sopoir to Trengalek to menmui Major Mudjajin that sat was busy sedng mengature battalion, Ponorogo was already dikjuasi TNI and pengejatran dimuali towards Utara.Saat pack POskonya Umar returned to prepare, he attained the information that had been shot Muso (see illustrasinya)

 

, to prove that Mr. Umar went to Sumoroto, arrived dibalai Sumoroto village appears lying on the table ats the corpse of a black dress warok Ponorogo style, his great height, his age about 5o tahun.Pak Umar Muso had never seen before, so can not judge the reality, whether it is true Muso ataubukan.melihat underwear that is not commonly used in Indonesia can be ensured that bodies were dressed in eastern European countries, long-sleeved white dress shirt with pants so long one as well, then summoned the soldier who shot him he told me as follows: “When the soldier in charge of guarding the streets armed with stengun, come to a gig (which is controlled delman0 a dress warok. Arrive  down the guard , approached the guard while pointing a gun, saying, boy, shoot you, this man was  Muso himself . the soldiers heard by surprise. deny the request, yet the mugger shout, shoot the father, if  not, children of her own who would you shoot. So with a barrage of gunfire mitrajur “terhujunglah” Muso falling down  instantaneous ,

Muso said in a voice broken, thank you son, continue to struggle to liberate the country thy water, then he breathed his last .

 

 

 

Look at the photo-General Sudirman laying flowers at the park heroes to soldiers killed in crackdown

 

Original info(Hidajat Umar wiarhadikusumo,Jakarta,1983)

Kota Solo digemparkan oleh pereistiwa penculikan dan pembu nuhan terhadap dr Mawardi,tokoh Barisan banteng Republik Indonesia(BPRI),menureut penyelidian dan analisis lebih lanjut memang ada usaha dari pihak Komunis untuk melakukan penculikan dan pembunuhan tokoh yang bukan kaumnya,(Dr Muwardi hadir saat Proklamsi kemderdekaan 17 agustus 1945 di jakrta,baca tahun 1945)

18 September terjadi peristiwa hitam dalam sejarah perjuangan Bangsa Indonesia, pengkhianatan PKI(Patai komunis Indonesia) diwali dari Goranggareng 10 km dari Madiun,puluhan orang dibunuh di sebuag gedung(lihat foto korban dlam lubang).Ke mudian di Ngrambe 35 pemimpin rakyat juga dibunuh,menyusul di Dungus 60 orang meninggal dalam keadaan yang mengerikan. Di tirtomoyo 37 km Selatan Wonogiri disebuah bekas gedung mesiu 200 orang dikurung(sekap),50 orang diantaranya meninggal dalam keadaan yang mengerikan. Pembunuhan terjadi dimana-mana,di tempat PKI menjadi mayoritas.Lawan politik,pejabat,Alim Ulama tidak luput dari sasaran PKI.

Dalam kesempatan ini Divisi Siliwangi umumnya dan battalion Umar Wirahadi Kusuma(lihat fotonya dengan pangkat Mayor ikut terlibat dalam operasi penumpasan PKI(partai komunis Indonesia) ,sebagaimana cerita dari Pak Umar sebagai berikut:

Btalion Umar dibentuk dari pasukan grilya perang kemerdekaan pertama(juli 1947) yaitu battalion IV dari Brigade 13 Suiliwangi yang berkedudukan di Tjolomadu Solo (dekat pabrik gula dan lapangan utama angkan udara Panasan,Dr iwan pernah mengikuti latihan sekolah perwira wajib militer disini tahun 1973) .

Untuk menumpas partai komunis di Madiun,pak umar dengan pasukannya ditugaskan menduduki kota Magetan dan mengadalkan pembersihan dsekitarnya,selanjutnya mengadakan pengejatran pasukan PKI ke Sumorojo_Purwantoro serta secara cross country ke Pacitan.

Ketika menduduki Magetan(lihat Foto TNI memasuki kota Magetan),  Pak Umar menjabat Kepala Pemerintahan Militer setempat mendampingi Bupati magetan Achmad Sukarna widjaja,disinilah Pak umar menyaksikan sendir kebiadapan PKI,memang manusia itu kalau sudah kehilangan harkat kemanusiaaan nya dan sudah lupa pada Tuhan,maka ia akan menjadi lebih rendah dari binatang itulah PKI(hal sama terlikat di Kamboja,Pol Pot the killing field-catatn Dr iwan)

Pada waktu batalion IV masuk Magetan yang bergerak dengan formasi sayap kiri dan sayap kanan dan Pak Umar berada ditengah.Pasukan Sayapi menyelamatkan ibu-ibu dan anak-anak keluarga polisi setempat.Selama berada di mkagetan Pak Umar bersama Dr Sumadi ,mereka telah mengadakan pengalian kembali kuburan masal orban keganasan PKI dan mengadakan rekonstruksi bagaiman aparat Negara(pamong praja dan Polisi Magetan) dibunuh oleh PKI dengan foto-fotonya akan dikirim ke PUSEMAD.

Resimen 5,6 dan 7 Siliwangi dari Brigade III diangkut dengan kapal Platinus(tanggal sudah lupa) dan mendarat di Rembang,Mayor Jendral Djatikusumo(lihat fotonya) dan ajudannya  sebagai tuan rumah ikut menyambut pasukan tersebut,Resimen ini akan melaksanakan tugas sebagi pos terdepan untuk menumpas pemberontakan yang menamakan dirinya FDR(Front Demokrasi Takjyat) yang dipimpin oleh Mr Amir Sjarifuddin(lihat fot profilenya da foto  dengan teman-teamnnya).,Muso artiket peristiwa PKI Madiun(lihat fotonya sedang pidato) denga ajudannya ex Mayor Maladi Yusuf(lihat fotonya), Jendral Mayor Djoko Suyono pemimpin Militer FDR/PKI(lihat fotonya) , sera foto lascar Buruh yang sangat dipengaruhi PKI.

Malamnya Staf Brigade terus aktif mengikuti gerakan pemenbersihan,tiba-tiba Letnan Marzuku dari PHB(Perhubungan TNI) melaporkan bahwa ia menangkap siaran dari radio Madiun yang isinya Proklamasi Republik demokrasi rakyat,siaran diulang-ulang diselingi pangilan untuk Let.Kol Sadikin yang tetap ada dipihak yang unggul.Psuakn FDR sudah terusri jauh keluar kota,dan selanjutnya diadakan penegajran  karena dengan adanya siaran proklamasi FDR tersebut aka nada tugas baru.

Kemudian terjadilah kesibukan persiapan Long March ke Madiun,pada hari sebelum berangkat seluruh battalion yang bertugas berkumpul di halaman balai kota karena Panglima Besar jendral Sudirman akan menyampaikan amanatnya.Suasana yang mengharukan saat berangkat dari solo menuju Tawangmanggu(DR iwan saat latihan milter juga mengikuti jalur ini) disepanjang jalan sampai kepingir kota rakyat berdeet dipinngir jalan sambil berteriak  Hidup siliwangi! Selamat bertempur! Sampai di Tawang mangu pasukan diangkut dengan truk dan selanjutnya jalan kaki menuju tempat pertahanan pemberontak FDR.Sayap kiri diangkut dengan kereta api.Batalion pak Umar sampai di walikukun dan battalion Sentot serta battalion sumadi sampai 10 km dari NGawi.

Kemudian dikirim anggota Intel TNI ke medium untuk observasi situasi,brigade ke 13 juga diikuti oleh Kolonel Mudstopo selaku komadan KRU,juga Mayor Suprapto Sukowati komandan battalion Madiun,Saudari rusdi dri barisan banteng Solo dan Nona Gadis Rasyid seorang wartawan KRU juga ikut serta.(lihat foto long march)

Di Tawang mangu sebagai starting point untuk poros gerakan,dengan kelompok kecil menyusup keperut musuh dengan meneyebarkan kepanikan.Dengan melambung kekiri menuju Ngawi sebagai gerekan penyesatan,kemudian pasukan Tawangmangu bergerak ke Cemorosewu untuk menyebur Tawang Mangu tempat pos terdepan pasukan PKI Muso.Di CemoroSewu terhenti menunggu laparon dari Batalion yang menyerbu sarangan,tak lama kemudian diterima berita bahwa Sarangan sudah dikuasai(lihat fotonya)

Penyerbuan TNi mendapat bantuan dari para taruna AMN(akademi Meliter Nasional) yang bermarkas di hotel Arendnest Sarangan dibawah pimpinan Mayor Dr Singgih.Dengan aman sarangan dapat diduduki,segera dengan cepat bergerak untuk menduduki Magetan dengan lebih dahulu menduduki lapangan terbang Maospati,kemudian persiapan menuju Madiun melalui Goranggareng dan Pagotan,dikawal oleh kompin dari battalion Pak Umar yang pos komandonya di Plaosan.Batalion Pak Umar sejak kemarin sudah menguasai Walikukun_Ngrambe_Panikan,yang menurunkan mental pasukan FDR PKI di Magetan,Maospati dan madiun.

Bataluion bergerak ke Madium meliwati jalan rute Palosan_Goranggareng_Pageta, di Gorangareng  ada perlawanan berat,tetapi berkat semangat tinggi apsukan TNI perlawanan tersebut dapat dipatahkan>Pasukan pelarian FRD PKI itu berasal dari pelarian dari Magetan dan Masopati disekitar Gunung Liman dan Wilis, dengan keadaan panic mereka mundur ke Ponorogo.berdasarkan keadaan ini battalion pak Umar sebelum ke Madium mampir dulu ke Magetan danMaospati.

Untuk mengetahui suasana disebelah timur,Pak Umar pribadi pergi ke Kediri untuk menghadap Gubernur militer Jawa Timur Pak sungkono(lihat illustrasi profilnya),Pak Umar melaporkan bahwa kota Madiun,Magetan ,Maospati dan Ngawai sekarang sepenuhnya sudah dukuasai TNI kecualilui Ponorogo.Ternyata diperoleh informasi bahwa Pasukan FDR?PKI  sekarang melarikan diri kejurusan Ngebel dan Ponorogo,maka diminta kerjasama anatar TNI Siliwangi dan Brawijaya jawa timur, dengan pembagian tugas siliwangi daerah operasi Caruban_Gunung LIman_Gunung willis ke barat dank e Timur daerah Operasi Brawijaya ynag bertugas merebut Ponorogo dan Trangalek.

Lihatlah illustrasi TNI memasuki kota Madium.

Saat kembali ke Madium,Pak Umar memperoleh informasi bahwa Muso ca beradsa dislah satu tempat dilereng gunung Liman dikawal btalaion inti dibawah pimpinan Maladi Jusuf ,tokoh FDR?PKI lainnya juga berda disana seperti Amir Sjarifuddin<djokosujono.alimin,Suripto,Tan Malaka dan Wikana,maka disusun rencana pengejarannya.

Bentriokan senjata pertama dialami  dilereng Gunung Liman,kejar mengejar terjadi.Pasukan FDR/PKI melarikan diri  kejurusan Ngebel,pengejaran dilakukan terus,terjadi kontar senjata,Maladi jusugf terkena tembakan sehingga terpaksa diusung pasukannya, setelah pengejaran berlangsung tiga hari ,didapat laporan bahwa Muso sudah lari ke Ponorogo_Trengalek kea rah selatan menuju gunung Gembes sebelah barat daya Ponorogo di sector segitiga Wonogiri-Ponorogo_Pacitan

,selanjutnya Ponorogo dapat direbut.Dari sayap kanan kemudian pasuakan TNi bergerak kearah Pacitan setelah seminggu baru sampai Tirtomerto anatara Wonogiri_Pacitan,sedangkan pasukan lain berada di antara Purwantoro dan Wonogiri,

sedangkan Batalion Slamer Rijadi(lihat illustrasi profilnya) memberikan berita slah,ternyata justru lari kearah bertentangan,sehingga Bataluio n Pak umar di sarangan ditygaskan membendung dari utara,Pak Umar bersama sopoir ke Trengalek untuk menmui Mayor Mudjajin yang sat itu sedng sibuk mengature batalionnya,ternyata Ponorogo sudah dikjuasi  TNI dan pengejatran dimuali kearah Utara.

Saat  pak Umar kembali untuk menyiapkan POskonya,ia memeroleh informasi bahwa Muso sudah tertembak(lihat illustrasinya),untuk membuktikan hal tersebut Pak Umar pergi ke Sumoroto,tiba dibalai desa sumoroto  tampak terbaring di atas meja mayat seorang berpakaian hitam ala warok Ponorogo,tubuhnya tinggi besar,usianya sekitar 5o tahun.Pak Umar sendiri belum pernah melihat Muso sebelumnya,sehingga tak dapat menilai kenyataannya,apakah itu benar Muso atau bukan.melihat pakaian dalamnya yang tidak lazim dipakai di Indonesia dapat dipastikan bahwa mayat  tersebut berpakaian Negara eropah timur,Baju kaos putih berlengan panjang jadi satu dengan celananya yang panjang juga,maka dipanggil prajurit yang menembaknya ia bercerita sebagai berikut

:”Sewaktu si Prajurit itu bertugas menjaga jalanan bersenjatakan stengun,datanglah sebuah dokar(delman0 yang dikendalikan seorang berpakaian Warok. Tiba dipenjagaan turun,menghampiri penjaga sambil menodongkan pistolnya,seraya berkata,Nak,tembaklah Bapak,Bapak ini Muso.Mendengar itu dengans endirinya si Prajurit terkejut. Iz menolak permintaan tersebut,namum si Penodong membentak,Tembak bapak ,kalu tidak,anak sendiri yang akan bapak tembak. Maka dengan suatu rentetan tembakan mitrajur terhujunglah Muso seketika oitu uga,dengan suara terputus muso berkata ,terim aksih nak,teruskanlah perjuangannya untuk memerdekakan Tanah airmu,kemudian ia menghembuskan nafas yang terakhir(penghabisann)

Lihatlah foto Jendral sudirman menaburkan bunga di taman pahlawan untuk prajurit yang gugur dalam operasi penumpasan FDR?PKI 1948.

Pada tahun 1948,

di bawah pimpinan Moehammad Jasin dan Inspektur Polisi II Imam Bachri bersama pasukan TNI berhasil menumpas pelaku Peristiwa Madiun di Madiun dan Blitar Selatan dalam Operasi Trisula. Mobrig juga dikerahkan dalam menghadapi gerakan separatis DI/TII di Jawa Barat yang dipimpin oleh S.M. Kartosuwiryo dan di Sulawesi Selatan dan Aceh yang dipimpin oleh Kahar Muzakar dan Daud Beureuh..

 

 

 

Sewaktu pecah pemberontakan PKI-Madiun, batalyon Slamet Rijadi sedang berada diluar kota Solo, yang kemudian diperintahkan secara langsung oleh Gubernur Militer II – Kolonel Gatot Subroto untuk melakasan ke arah Utara, berdampingan dengan pasukan lainnya, opeeran dengan gemil

September, 19th.1948

PKI figures in Yogya arrested; Sukarno denounces the Madiun coup; Musso replies that he will fight; popular opinion sides with Sukarno.

 

Sepetember,21th.1948

The Communist separatis issued Money this day at Purwodadai.

 

September,27th.1948

 

Masih cerita soal perebutan kilang minyak di Cepu, Jawa Tengah dari PKI Muso. 27 September 1948, laskar rakyat yang mengikuti PKI Muso menyerang markas TNI di Cepu. Mereka juga menguasai kilang minyak.

Menteri Pertahanan Mohammad Hatta memberi perintah langsung. TNI harus segera merebut Cepu dari tangan PKI dan Laskar Minyak. Indonesia sangat membutuhkan minyak dari sana untuk kelanjutan perjuangan.

Brigade I/Siliwangi kebagian tugas itu. Serangan akan dilakukan dari tiga penjuru. Dari kiri Satuan Tugas Kosasih, tengah Batalyon Kemal Idris dan kanan Batalyon Daeng.

Jalannya pertempuran ini dikisahkan Letjen (Purn) Himawan Soetanto dalam buku Perintah Presiden Soekarno: Rebut Kembali Madiun, terbitan Pustaka Sinar Harapan. Saat itu Himawan masih berpangkat letnan.

Tapi bukan perkara mudah merebut Cepu. Gerombolan PKI yang melarikan diri dari Madiun bertahan di Purwodadi, Blora, Kudus dan Pati. Mereka cukup kuat dan telah memiliki posisi bertahan yang strategis. Jarak Purwodadi-Cepu kira-kira 90 km.

Gubernur Militer Jenderal Gatot Soebroto meminta Panglima Besar Soedirman agar memerintahkan Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia (AURI) terus menembaki jalan menuju Purwodadi. Tapi kepala staf AURI (kini TNI AU) Marsekal Soeryadarma mengatakan hal itu tak mungkin.

Saat itu AURI hanya punya beberapa pesawat tua buatan Jepang. Amunisi juga terbatas. Satu hal yang penting, tak ada radio komunikasi antara pasukan Siliwangi di bawah dengan pilot AURI di udara. Jika tak ada komunikasi, bisa fatal. Pesawat malah berpotensi menembaki pasukan sendiri.

Maka keputusannya, AURI akan mengerahkan satu pesawat untuk mengebom Purwodadi. Maksudnya hanya untuk memberi pukulan psikologis saja untuk PKI dan gerombolan.

Dari Maguwo, terbanglah sebuah pesawat Cureng. Pesawat tua peninggalan Jepang ini biasanya digunakan sebagai pesawat latih. Namun karena keterbatasan, akhirnya digunakan sebagai bomber. Cureng adalah pesawat bersayap ganda. Mampu terbang tiga jam nonstop dan membawa dua bom seberat 50 kg yang dilepaskan manual oleh pilotnya.

Kadet Udara I Aryono menerbangkan pesawat ini, sementara Kapten Mardanus menjadi observer udara. Inilah pengalaman terbang pertama untuk Mardanus yang sehari-hari menjadi kepala bagian personalia Markas Besar Angkatan Perang itu.

Cuaca cerah saat Kadet Aryono lepas landas. Dalam waktu setengah jam, pesawat itu mencapai Purwodadi. Dulu Aryono mengenali daerah ini, sehingga tak sulit menentukan sasaran.

Aryono membidik Komplek Gedung Kabupaten. Dia terbang rendah. Tree top level atau nyaris setinggi pohon. Dua bom dijatuhkan dan mengenai sasaran. Ledakan keras terdengar.

Setelah melaksanakan misi tersebut, pesawat Cureng pulang ke home base di Maguwo. Kasau Marsekal Suryadarma telah menunggu. Dia memberikan selamat atas keberhasilan pengeboman. Tapi Marsekal Suryadarma kemudian menegur kadet Aryono.

Suryadarma menilai keputusan Aryono untuk terbang rendah sangat membahayakan. Pesawat gampang sekali jadi sasaran tembak dari darat. Kerugian tak ternilai jika pesawat yang sangat dibutuhkan AURI itu bisa ditembak jatuh pemberontak. Mau beli pesawat lagi uang dari mana? Lagipula Indonesia masih diblokade oleh Belanda, tak mudah beli persenjataan dari luar negeri.

Dari hasil laporan intelijen kemudian diketahui, pengemboman ternyata efektif untuk membuat PKI kocar-kacir. Saat bom dijatuhkan, ternyata PKI baru akan mengeksekusi tahanan. Mereka pun bubar saat bom jatuh dan eksekusi batal dilaksanakan.

Kerjasama antarangkatan (darat dan udara) dalam pengemboman di Purwodadi ini merupakan salah satu yang pertama dilakukan TNI.

Mungkin karena takut ada pengeboman lagi, PKI berangsur-angsur menarik diri dari Purwodadi. Mayor Kosasih berhasil merebut Purwodadi tanggal 5 Oktober 1948.

Pasukan Siliwangi terus bergerak ke arah Utara dan akhirnya bisa membebaskan Kilang Minyak di Cepu tanggal 8 Oktober lewat pertempuran sengit.

(Himawan sutanto )

Sepetember,29th.1948

The registered airmail cover send from bandung to Shanghai  by Royal dutch airlines(KLM)

September 30 Siliwangi division recaptures Madiun. PKI abandons Madiun, pursued by army. Aidit and Lukman leave for China.

The “Madiun incident” was the second time the PKI made an unsuccessful, poorly-planned revolt. The first was against the Dutch in 1926-7; the last was in 1965.The events at Madiun changed the opinion of United States diplomats toward the new Republic. Formerly suspicious, the USA now saw Indonesia as a potential ally against Communism.

September,30th.1948

Menumpas Pemberontakan PKI Madiun 1948


Perjanjian Renville menimbulkan adanya pertentangan politik yang cukup sengit akibat perbedaan pandangan di antara kelompok- kelompok politik mengenai perjanjian itu karena dianggap banyak merugikan pihak RI.

Beberapa partai pun menarik diri dari kabinet diantaranya Masyumi dan PNI. Lalu ketegangan politik ini disusul dengan mundurnya Amir Syariffudin sebagai Perdana Menteri lalu dia mendirikan Front Demokrasi Rakyat. Pada perkembangan selanjutnya Amir Syarifudin bertemu dengan gembong PKI, Muso, yang baru saja kembali dari Uni Soviet. Mereka lalu memproklamirkan berdirinya Republik Sovyet Madiun. Karena dianggap sebagai bentuk penghianatan terhadap republik maka dilakukan penumpasan terhadap pemberontakan ini.

Kepolisian Negara juga ikut serta dalam memberantas pemberontakan PKI Madiun. Kepala Polisi komisariat Jawa Timur memerintahkan Komandan Mobbrig Besar Jawa Timur Komisaris Polisi 1 M. Jasin membentuk pasukan.

Tanggal 30 September 1948

 pasukan Mobbrig Polisi menyerbu Madiun. Sekitar pukul 14.00 pasukan Mobbrig sudah memasuki kota Madiun dari arah timur, sedangkan pasukan Siliwangi dari arah barat. Sekalipun kota Madiun berhasil dikuasai operasi Mobrig tetap dilanjutkan untuk membersihkan sisa-sisa pemberontak yang telah melarikan diri ke arah Ponorogo. Dalam pengejaran pemberontak di Ponorogo, Musso berhasil ditembak mati

Dengan dukungan rakyat di berbagai tempat, pada tanggal 30 September 1948, kota Madiun berhasil direbut kembali oleh tentara Republik.

Pada akhirnya tokoh-tokoh PKI seperti Aidit dan Lukman melarikan diri ke Cina dan Vietnam.

 

 

October 1948

Pro-government Tan Malaka followers create Murba Party. Tan Malaka is arrested again.

October,2 nd.1948

Jakarta citizen census  1.243.048 peoples.

October,6th.1948

The postally used letter sheet postal statione wueen wilhelmina added  wilhelma stamps 40 cent send via airmail with the rare label of per luchtpost P 37 AA B10 k/2 frombatavia to Amsterdam(rare collections)

 

 

October,7th.1948

 

The applicant of  certificate identitiy of Indonesian samsuddin bin Katib from Koemango boekittinggi west Sumatra DEI father Katik bin Sipat ,he arrived Australia from Singapore in June 10th 1947 per ship SS Bentaoer and landed at broome

Application for Certificate of Identity submitted on behalf of Samsudin bin Katib to facilitate his deportation to Indonesia via Singapore, 7 October 1948

NAA: A2998, 1951/4644, pp.17–18

This certificate was required to enable Samsudin to pass through Singapore en route to Indonesia. It notes that he is travelling to West Sumatra for the purpose of residence, and is leaving Australia permanently.

Application for Certificate of Identity submitted on behalf of Samsudin bin Katib to facilitate his deportation to Indonesia via Singapore, 7 October 1948

< | 1 | 2 | >

NAA: A2998, 1951/4644, pp.17–18

This certificate was required to enable Samsudin to pass through Singapore en route to Indonesia. It notes that he is travelling to West Sumatra for the purpose of residence, and is leaving Australia permanently

This image is drawn from the National Archives of Australia’s RecordSearch database. The entire file has been digitised and is available online. Clicking on the link below will take you into the RecordSearch database. Then click on the ‘View digital copy’ icon

 

 

The local Republic sumatra revenue, usedoff document, October,7th,1948 and other date in october.look below

 

also Nopember used look above

 

 

October,10th.1948

(a)The very rare combinataion used of sumatra local repoeblic indonesia revenue on fragment document, between the old revenue f.100( now became new RP 1,-) with new ropeiah revenue Rp.1.- and Rp.0.50) ,The best and very rare collection courtecy dr Iwan and only one exist in the world.(the mint unuse many exist,but the use very rare)

(b) The rare postally used Postal stationer dancer 5 cent card(federal state postal card) Type II a with the distance between dancer desing to top 4 mm ,cds makassar to surabaia.

(c) The basketbal team picture at Muntilan 11.10-48

October 11th.1948

Van Mook resigns as Lt.-Governor of the Indies.

October,12th.1948

The postally used cover from Germany to Batavia.

 

October,18th.until 21th 1948

The Program of  Radio in Fedreal state -Djkarta,bandoeng,Makasssar,Medan,soerabaia,Menado,Padang,palembang,Pontianak,semarang,PCJ.Garoet, the rare historic info of music  collection,like  Indonesian walfare ochestra lead by Tjoe Kim Po Jakarta, “Poetera maloekoe”orchestra  lead by Pattiwael. Java art studio jakarta lead by Ki Sossrohoetomo  ,pesinden Bokmas Soeratmi.  and tembang Tjiandjoer Rengannis lead by MangOndo pesinden Iming at bandung.Orkes sinar Sejati singer  Hoo Eng Djoe and Miss Ijem at Makassar. Orkes Miss Roekiah with kroncong “Lief Java” at Medan.

Orkes keroncong studio surabaya lead by Lie sian hway

also the music picture like R.KOESBINI,VIOLIST MAKASSAR, Rebab,Tionghoa orkes Thung Lok Khiak Sheh Medan,bing crosby,miss ijem makassar,composer tshaikowsky and handel,miss sally host from royal KNIl Jakarta ,

The promotion label inside the brochure like Ketjap Tjap bango,Tenoenan asli Tjap radio Bandoeng.

Federal state postal stianoner card dancer 5 cent,rare type 11 mmm distance of the stamp picture from above,send from Batavia to Soerabaia.

 

 

 

 

October,20th.1948

 

 

 

 

The rare registered postally used homemade cover send from Negeri samudra at GeUdang via  CDS Lheusomawe  28.10.48 Aceh with two KON 19 cent overprint round machinal NRI East Sumatra overprint and Japan homeland 5 cent stamp to Lheusomawe aceh.

(courtecy Prof Dr Eko Prasetyo,manado)

 

 

October 31th,1948

(a)Musso killed while attempting to escape arrest.

the picture of Musso

(b)Dr van mook farawel party and back to netherland at kemoyoran airport

 

Sementara itu, tanggal 31 Oktober 1948

Musso tewas ditembak.

November 1948

November,1st.1948

Regional Issues Republic of Indonesia

 

Courtecy :Rob Huisman

City of Surakarta

RH750 – 1 Rupiah – 1 November 1948
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
Stamp: partial stamp of Bank Negara Indonesia on left side of obverse; the missing part of the stamp
was applied to the allonge for possible later authentication purpose
Perforation on left side and one thick red line representing “1”
Signatures: Sjamsoeridjal (Wali Kota: Mayor of Solo), Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo)
a. issued, serial number: 2 characters, 6 numbers *(e.g., R.F. 462270)
b. not issued, with allonge, 2 characters, 6 numbers * (e.g., N.I. 293102
* The first character of the serial number has a fixed relation with the first number of the serial number
(H=1, K=5, N=2, R=4)

 

 

 

RH751 – 2 ½ Rupiah – 1 November 1948
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
Stamp: partial stamp of Bank Negara Indonesia on left side of obverse; the missing part of the stamp
was applied to the allonge for possible later authentication purpose
Perforation on left side and two thick red line with one thin line in the middle representing “2 ½”
Signatures: Sjamsoeridjal (Wali Kota: Mayor of Solo), Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo)
a. issued, serial number: 2 characters, 6 numbers * (e.g., H.J. 120146)
b. not issued, with allonge, 2 characters, 6 numbers * (e.g., R.J. 432002)
* The first character of the serial number has a fixed relation with the first number of the serial number
(H=1, K=5, N=2, R=4)

RH751a – from a private collection
__________________________________________________________________________

RH752 -5 Rupiah – 1 November 1948
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
Stamp: partial stamp of Bank Negara Indonesia on left side of obverse; the missing part of the stamp
was applied to the allonge for possible later authentication purpose
Perforation on left side and five thin red lines representing “5”
Signatures: Sjamsoeridjal (Wali Kota: Mayor of Solo), Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo)
a. issued, serial number: 2 characters, 6 numbers * (e.g., H.H. 110718),
b. not issued, with allonge, 2 characters, 6 numbers * (e.g., H.H. 132000)
* The first character of the serial number has a fixed relation with the first number of the serial number
(H=1, K=5, N=2, R=4)

RH752a – from a private collection
__________________________________________________________________________

Residency of Surakarta
RH753 – 5 Rupiah – 1 November 1949
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
These notes show a large number “5” in the left upper quadrant of the obverse. The number has one
full vertical line from top to bottom and three small vertical lines on the bottom of the number **.
Signatures: Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo), Achmadi (Kepala Pemerintah Militer Daerah
Surakarta: Military head of Surakarta regional government)
a. issued, serial number: 5 numbers (e.g., 92809)
b. issued, serial number, 1 capital “A”, 5 numbers (e.g., A 84847)

RH753a – from a private collection

RH753b – from a private collection

__________________________________________________________________________
RH754 – 10 Rupiah – 1 November 1949
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
These notes show a large number “10” in the left upper quadrant of the obverse. The number “1” has
one full vertical line from top to bottom and the number “0” has one full vertical line from top to
bottom and three small vertical lines on the top and on the bottom of the number **.
Signatures: Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo), Achmadi (Kepala Pemerintah Militer Daerah
Surakarta: Military head of Surakarta regional government)
a. issued, serial number: 5 numbers (e.g., 56259)

RH754a – from a private collection
__________________________________________________________________________

RH755 – 25 Rupiah – 1 November 1949
Number of issued notes: unknown
Watermark: none
These notes show a large number “25” in the left upper quadrant of the obverse. Both the number “2”
and number “5” have one full vertical line from top to bottom and three small vertical lines on the
bottom of each number **.
Signatures: Soediro (Residen: Resident of Solo), Achmadi (Kepala Pemerintah Militer Daerah
Surakarta: Military head of Surakarta regional government)
a. issued, serial number: 6 numbers (e.g., 116496)

RH755a – from a private collection
__________________________________________________________________________
** The 1948 issue of the Surakarta notes contained lines to indicate the value of the notes, like five thin lines to represent the value “5” and 2 thick and one thin line to represent the value “2 ½”. The 1949 issues do not contain this value indication. These notes have their value also printed in large red numbers on the obverse. These numbers show a mysterious pattern of vertical lines through the numbers. It is unclear whether these lines have a specific meaning other than a design purpose. The pattern that the author identified is as follows: The number “5” and number “2” have one full vertical line from top to bottom and three small vertical lines on the bottom of each number. The note with the value “5” therefore has a pattern of one full line and three small lines. The note with the value “25” also has the same pattern when one divides the lines with the number of numbers (2 full lines and 6 small lines divided by two numbers = 1 full line and three small lines). The note with the value “10” has the same result: the number “1” with one full line and the number “0” with one full line and six small lines (2 full lines and 6 small lines divided by two numbers = 1 full lime and three small lines). An interesting observation is that no other possible denomination of notes, like 50, 100, 200, 250, 500 and 1000 can be constructed with these numbers while getting the same result or same pattern. It is hard to judge the significance of these findings at this moment. Would this have been a security method or is it mere coincidence. More research is needed to draw conclusions.

Bibliography
1. Banknotes and Coins from Indonesia, 1945-1990, Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949 & Perum Peruri Jakarta
2. Several private collections, details known by the author
3. Collection of the Geldmuseum, Utrecht, the Netherlands
4. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money – specialized issues, fifth edition, volume one, by Albert Pick, Krause Publications, Inc., Iola, USA, 1986
5. Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia 1782-2005, PT. Sugijaya Abadi Sentosa, Edisi ke 2

 

November,4th,1948
Maklumat (announvement) Gubernur Militer Atjeh Langkat and tanah Karo TGK Moh.Daud Beureuh, Kutaraja 4 nopember 1948 .

November,7th.1948

(a)The C7 postal identity card issued at Malang

 

(b)The rare postally used lettersheet stationer Wilhelmina ,send by air mail with rare airmail label .P 37 AA B 10.

 

November,8th.1948

The republic Indonesia Income tax, paid via postoffice cds padangpanjang.

November,10th.1948

The Centenary Railways Exhibition coevr wit CDS Expoxiyion Barcelona send to Soerabnaja java Ned.east Indie,with at vthe back arriveal cds Soeraia 27.10.48.

November,15th.1948

The  Postal stationer card Briefkaart Kartoepos dancer 5 cent send from Mester Cornelis(Jatinegara) to Semarang

November,16th.1948

The very rare used new roepiah revenue of Repoeblic Indonesia Sumatra Rp. 0,50 yellow strip three and four ,off document ,look illustration below.

and the same ravenue used in September 17th.1p48,look illustration  above

 

November,17th.1948

The Sin Min Newspaer information this day:

(A) No Agreement Reached Deng Anything republic.

Aneta Koresponden in den Haag got word that the party in power in the Hague did not know about something the approval in principle to resume the negotiations, as has been reported by menetri lighting republic, Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan cabinet meeting on yesterday, the trial which results from the minister’s visit to Indonesia negotiated Stikker cook-maska, the Dutch cabinet is now again set his stance. Allegedly, that the Dutch establishment this for several days to be delivered to the republic, but once again stressed that up to now will not be sent again to the Dutch minister of Indonesia to resume negotiations with the republic. Didoega, that contact with Hatta will be conducted by the panasehat., Who is also obeying the most recent negotiations in Kalioerang. Dutch government to prepare and establish his stance again, where according to ZAneta, the Dutch government continue to demand that ceasefire violations was stopped, and where to Hatta will be asked to explain about the important issues that are found by him.

The Picture Of Ducth Menistery  Stikker vist Indonesia with MOh Roem at airport and with Moh Hatta.

(A1) According to the Daily Independent Soeara Indonesia, Indonesian Red Cross in congress Djokja d 12 to 14 November 1948, it has been decided and mengsahkan angaran new basis, also determine the status of PMI as a legal entity and establish a new board. As a chairman appointed Mr. Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, the new chairman of the board eprtimbanngan Agoeng, vice-chairman Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo, the author (secretary) Dr Dapari. Junior will be held in preparation for the red cross. (Red Cross youth-PMR)

(B) Conference Bondowoso

On this night, on 15th November, with the room housed “ball room” in advance aloen aloen diadakjna night pekenalan anatara delegates, invited guests, and the rulers of the entire residency office. Tgl 16 will be held a meeting between the chairman and members of the conference. and the 17th member of the delegation tomorrow diberika opportunity to hold a public eprtemua and in vain to speak to register in dahulu.Para delegation numbered 65 people and raised Recoba 10 people, a total of 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Creation of the Recomba and delivery of leadership temporary chairman of the meeting to the designated Recomba. (b) Establish rules and elections chairman of the Mayor (c) Selection of Chair and alikora (e) Delivery of workers from temporary chairman to chairman of the newly elected (f) Penunmnjukkan Central committee.

Preparation of business conferences in sum Sek8ian State formation Timoer Java. In komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba timoe Java, van der Plaas tealh speech, first daalm Indonesian language support and the dutch language support, which explains the centralization of government at a time when the past can only be dicehag in the presence of a strong state. Interest of 8 million people may well be considered if Java leb8ih Timoer own democratic government has a high degree.

(C) Sjafroedin led the ranks in the South Randoeblatoeng

Office lighting dutch army proclaim as follows: “It turns out that the progress of the Communists to the north causing pimpuina troops entered the republic in retaliation secra massive. Sebgaian of the communist forces led by Amir Sjarifoeddin, Djokosoejono and Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November at Getas, now in sekatan randoeblatoeng. The Koimunis do great evil in the brittle, now Siliwangi Brigade was ordered to immediately eliminate the communist forces. In connection with threatening Bodjonegoro Tjepoe and then a battalion of the brigade had been sent to Tjepoe Siliwangi, but also the northwest section area were also taken action because the republic had received the news that Communist troops were heading to D0oplang the railroad from randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republicans had sent to Koendoeran to occupy the roads between Ngawen and Wirosari. Madien told a news of the People in the area Madioen became agitated, setelag hear bahw apsukan siliwangi will be withdrawn from the region and unity itu.Koordinasi anatara various agencies and organizations can not be repaired again. Dispute anata schools of various parties have very deep rooted. dfengan pemerontakan outbreak again in milir, wilaryin, Doengoes, Walikoekoen and attacks (of all places surrounded Madioen) then there are residents in a state of frantic, demiklian news.

It was reported that the communist forces, which last week had resigned from the east sbelah Madioen and Doengoes to south direction, is now veering to the north Ponorogo, westernized and then to the north, behind the main forces of communist troops. some of these troops had fought with the republic and the army fled to the South. Next is also rumored that the republic troops in the area Lawoe Yawangmanggoe tealh self mengunturkan premises insistence communist forces, from both north and south pegoenoengan it (Dr Iwan has attended military latiahan epndidikan school when compulsory military officers at the acre Tawangmanggoe)

Finally, according to the Dutch army transportation service. rumored that it was fighting with automatic weapons in a place l8ima kilometers along Ngawi, so the relationship along the road from north madioen to be broken(terpoetoes)

original info:

 

(a) Tidak ada Tercapai Persetujuan Apa-apa Deng Repoeblik.

Korespo9nden Aneta di den Haag mendapat kabar bahwa pihak yang berkuasa di den Haag sama sekali tidak mengetahui tentang sesuatu persetujuan dalam prinsip untuk melanjutkan perundingan,seperti yang telah diwartakan oleh menetri penerangan Repoeblik,Moh.Natzir.Setealh sidakan sidang kabinet pada hari kemarin, dalam sidang mana hasil dari kunjungan menteri Stikker ke Indonesia dirundingkan masak-maska, maka sekarang kabinet Belanda lagi menetapkan pendiriannya. Diduga,bahwa pendirian Belanda ini dalam bebrapa hari akan disampaikan kepada repoeblik, akan tetapi sekali lagi ditegaskan bahwa hingga sekarang tidak akan dikirm lagi menteri Belanda ke Indonesia untuk melanjutkan perundingan dengan Repoeblik. Didoega,bahwa kontak dengan Hatta akan dilakukan oleh para panasehat .,yang juga mengkuti perundingan yang paling akhir di Kalioerang. Pemerintah belanda lagi menyusun dan menetapkan pendiriannya, dimana menurut ZAneta,pemerintah belanda tetap menuntut supaya pelanggaran gencatan senjata dihentikan, dan dimana kepada Hatta akan diminta penjelasan tentang soal-soal yang penting yang ditemukan olehnya.

(a1) Menurut harian Soeara Indonesia Merdeka, pada kongres Palang merah Indonesia d Djokja tanggal 12 sampai 14 November 1948, telah memutuskan dan mengsahkan angaran dasar baru, juga menentukan status PMI sebagai badan hukum dan menetapkan pengurus baru. Sebagai ketua ditunjuk Tuan Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo, ketua baru dewan eprtimbanngan Agoeng, wakil ketua Dr Poedjo Darmohoesodo,penulis(sekretaris) Dr Dapari . dalam persiapan akan diadakan Junior red cross.(Palang Merah remaja-PMR)

(b)Konperensi Bondowoso

Pada malam ini ,tgl 15 november, dengan bertempat diruangan”kamar Bola” di muka aloen aloen diadakjna malam pekenalan anatara delegasi ,tamu yang diundang dan para pembesar dari seluruh kantor residensi .Tgl 16 akan diadakan pertemua antara ketua dengan dan para anggota konperensi. dan tanggal 17 besok diberika kesempatan anggota delegasi untuk mengadakan eprtemua umum dan pada sia yang angkat bicara supaya mendaftar terlebih dahulu.Para delegasi berjumlah 65 orang dan yang diangkat recoba 10 orang,total 75 orang.Acara konpereni (a) Pembukaaan oleh RECOMBA dan penyerahan pimpinan rapat kepada ketua sementara yang ditunjuk Recomba.(b)Menetapkan peraturan pemilihan ketua dan Walikota (c) Pemilihan Ketua dan alikora (e)Penyerahan pekerja dari Ketua sementara kepada ketua yang baru dipilih(f) Penunmnjukkan panitia Pusat.

Sek8ian ringkasnya usaha persiapan konperensi pembentukan Negara Djawa Timoer. Pada komperensi Bondowoso, Recomba Jawa timoe, van der Plaas tealh berpidato,mula-mula daalm bahsa indonesia lalu dalam bahsa belanda, yang menerangkan sentralisasi pemerintahan diwaktu yang lalu yang hanya dapat dicehag dengan adanya negara bagian yang kuat. Kepentingan 8 juta penduduk dapat leb8ih baik diperhatikan jika Djawa Timoer mempunyai pemerintahan demokrasi sendiri yang tinggi derajatnya.

(c) Sjafroedin memimpin Barisannya Di Selatan Randoeblatoeng

Dinas penerangan Tentara belanda mengabarkan sebagai berikut :” Ternyata bahwa kemajuan kaum komunis ke utara menyebabkan pimpuina Tentara republik mengadakan tindakan balasan secra besar-besaran. Sebgaian besar pasukan komunis yang dipimpin oleh Amir Sjarifoeddin,djokosoejono dan Maroeto Daroesman pad atanggal 12 November berada di Getas, kini berada di sekatan randoeblatoeng. Kaum Koimunis melakukan kejahatan besar di getas, kini  Brigade Siliwangi diperintahkan untuk secepatnya memberantas pasukan komunis itu. Berhubung dengan diancamnya Tjepoe dan Bodjonegoro maka satu batalion brigade Siliwangi telah  dikirim ke Tjepoe, tetapi juga dibagian barat laut  daerah tersebut juga diambil tindakan karena pihak repoeblik telah menerima berita bahwa pasukan komunis sedang menuju ke D0oplang di jalan kereta api dari randoeblatoeng kebarat.Pasukan Republik sudah dikirim ke Koendoeran untuk menduduki jalan antara NGawen dan Wirosari. sebuah berita dari Madien mengatakan Rakyat di daerah Madioen menjadi gelisah,setelag mendengar bahw apsukan siliwangi akan ditarik dari daerah itu.Koordinasi dan persatuan anatara berbagai badan dan organisasi belum dapat diperbaiki kembali. Perselisihan faham anata berbagai pihak sudah berakar sangat dalam. dfengan pecahnya lagi pemerontakan di Milir,Wilangan,Doengoes,Walikoekoen dan Serangan (semua tempat dikeliling Madioen) maka penduduk ada dalam keadaan kalut, demiklian berita itu.

Dikabarkan pula bahwa pasukan komunis,yang minggu lalu sudah mengundurkan diri dari sbelah timur Madioen dan Doengoes ke jurusan selatan, sekarang membelok ke utara Ponorogo ,kebarat dan kemudian keutara, di belakang pasukan induk tentara komunis . sebagian pasukan ini sudah bertempur dengan pasukan repoeblik  dan melarikan diri ke Selatan. Selanjutnya juga dikabarkan, bahwa pasukan Repoeblik didaerah Lawoe  di tawangmanggoe telah mengundurkan diri dengan  desakan  pasukan komunis, baik dari utara maupun selatan pegoenoengan itu (Dr Iwan pernah mengikuti latiahan militer saat epndidikan sekolah perwira wajib Militer di are Tawangmanggoe tersebut)

Akhirnya, menurut dinas perhubungan tentara Belanda. dikabarkan bahwa sudah terjadi pertempuran dengan senjata otomatis disebuah tempat l8ima kilometer di sepanjang Ngawi,sehingga hubungan disepanjang jalan dari madioen ke oetara menjadi terpoetoes.

 

November,20th,1948

The Official Justice Departement Indonesia(Dutch federal state) free stamp oficial card send fro batavia centrum to Semarang

November,22th,1948

 

 

November,25th.1948

the Dutch had finished the Forbidden act to enter Jakarta(Belanda  mencabut larangan  masukkekota Jakarta), especially for Dr J.Leimena the  Indonesia security Delegation leadrer.

November, 26th.1948

Dutch create state of Jawa Timur in occupied areas of East Java.Dutch abolish post of Governor-General, replacing it with a “High Representative of the Crown”.

December 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


jogja desember 1947 . tentara republik merekrut pemuda2 dan dilatih sebagai tentara republik , berlatih menggunakan sejata tajam seperti [edang, klewang golok ..

gahetna

 

 

arek arek suroboyo 1948

nederland foto museum

 

surabaya 1948

 

 

This is a Douglas DC-3 air plane

 

turned into a monument to commemorate the Acehnese effort in helping freeing Indonesia from it’s colonial masters.

 PresidentSukarno requested the help in 1948 at a visit to Banda Aceh He stayed in Hotel Atjeh and one of famous statement was :” If you do not have enough sense of belonging to buy a plane, such as this miniature, I will not eat”.

Within short time the Acehnese managed to gather 20 kg of gold to a value 120000 Malay Dollar. The Plane was used to break blockade that Dutch tried to impose in other parts of the Republic. For this reason it was registered in Burma. It later became the first plane in the fleet of national flag carrier of Garuda. The monument is in field not far from the town center

During a visit to Aceh in 1948,

 Bung Karno

 

intentionally meet characters Aceh, Daud.

 

As President Sukarno of Indonesia greets Daud as “Kakanda (brother)” and there was dialogue, which until now stored properly in the historical record:

President Soekarno: “I ask for help to the people of Aceh’s brother took part in an armed struggle that is raging right now between Indonesia and the Netherlands to maintain the independence which we have proclaimed on August 17, 1945.”

Daud:

 

 “My President! We the people of Aceh with all happy to meet the President’s request provided that the wars which would it be a war we waged war sabil or welfare activities, the war to establish the religion of Allah, so if any of us who have been killed in the war it means to die a martyr. “

President Soekarno: “Brother! Indeed I meant was that as the war has been waged by the heroes of the famous Aceh as Teungku Cik Di Tiro and others, that war is not familiar retreat, independence war slogan or a martyr. ”

Daud: “Then a second opinion we have met the President. Thus the so-so i beg the President, that if the war was over it later, to the people of Aceh are given the freedom to run the Islamic Shari’a in the region. ”

President Soekarno: “Of that brother not to worry. Because 90% of the people of Indonesia are Muslims. ”

Daud: “I am sorry the President, if I have to say that it is not a guarantee for us. We wanted a word the provisions of the President. ”

President Soekarno: “Then fine, I agree with Brother’s request.”

Daud: “Thank God. On behalf of the people of Aceh, I thank you very much for your kindness President. We ask (handing her a piece of paper to the president) would the President refused to write a little in this paper. ”

Listening to the Bung Karno Daud directly sobbing. Flowing tears had soaked his shirt. In the state of sobbing,

Sukarno said: “Brother! Then there is no need for me to be president. What use to be president if not believable. “By remaining calm, Daud said,” No we do not believe, Mr. President. However, just to be a sign that we will show to the people of Aceh who would we invite to war. ”

Wiping away tears, Bung Karno give promise and swear,

Bung Karno vowed: “Waallah Billah (By Allah), the region of Aceh will be given the right to arrange their own household in accordance with Islamic Shari’a. And Waallah, I will use my influence to the Acehnese people can actually implement Islamic Sharia in the region. Well, if the brother is still in doubt as well? ”

Daud replied: “I have no doubt the President. Again, on behalf of the Acehnese people I would like to thank the kindness of the President. ”

In an interview with M. Nur El Ibrahimy with Daud, Daud said that Bung Karno seen sobbing, she did not have the heart anymore to insist assurance in black and white on the president’s promises.

Soekarno these vows in 1948. A year later Acehbersedia rolled into one province as part of the Homeland. But in 1951, not dry lips say, the province of Aceh was dissolved and merged with the central government of North Sumatra Province.

Obviously, this provoked the people of Aceh. The ravaged Aceh after a long battle against the Dutch and then Japan, then drain and donated all his wealth to sustain the existence of the Republic of Indonesia with no strings attached, by the central government rather than constructed and laid back even left unattended.

Not only that, the right to take care of themselves was eventually repealed. People’s homes, boarding-boarding, meunasah-meunasah, and so are destroyed by the war against the invaders left in ruins. Bung Karno telahmenjilat own saliva and betraying the promise that has diucapkannyaatas name of Allah. This fact is by the people of Aceh is considered as a fault that was never forgiven.

Original info


Saat berkunjung ke Aceh tahun 1948,
Saat berkunjung ke Aceh tahun 1948, Bung Karno dengan sengaja menemui tokoh Aceh, Daud Beureueh. Bung Karno selaku Presiden RI menyapa Daud Beureueh dengan sebutan “Kakanda (kakak)” dan terjadilah dialog yang sampai saat ini tersimpan dengan baik dalam catatan sejarah :

Presiden Soekarno : “Saya minta bantuan Kakak agar rakyat Aceh turut mengambil bagian dalam perjuangan bersenjata yang sekarang sedang berkobar antara Indonesia dan Belanda untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan yang telah kita proklamirkan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945.”

Daud Beureueh : “Saudara Presiden! Kami rakyat Aceh dengan segala senang hati dapat memenuhi permintaan Presiden asal saja perang yang akan kami kobarkan itu berupa perang sabil atau perang fisabilillah, perang untuk menegakkan agama Allah sehingga kalau ada di antara kami yang terbunuh dalam perang itu maka berarti mati syahid.”

Presiden Soekarno : “Kakak! Memang yang saya maksudkan adalah perang yang seperti telah dikobarkan oleh pahlawan-pahlawan Aceh yang terkenal seperti Teungku Cik Di Tiro dan lain-lain, yaitu perang yang tidak kenal mundur, perang yang bersemboyan merdeka atau syahid.”

Daud Beureueh : “Kalau begitu kedua pendapat kita telah bertemu Saudara Presiden. Dengan demikian bolehlah saya mohon kepada Saudara Presiden, bahwa apabila perang telah usai nanti, kepada rakyat Aceh diberikan kebebasan untuk menjalankan Syariat Islam di dalam daerahnya.”

Presiden Soekarno : “Mengenai hal itu Kakak tak usah khawatir. Sebab 90% rakyat Indonesia beragama Islam.”

Daud Beureueh : “Maafkan saya Saudara Presiden, kalau saya terpaksa mengatakan bahwa hal itu tidak menjadi jaminan bagi kami. Kami menginginkan suatu kata ketentuan dari Saudara Presiden.”

Presiden Soekarno : “Kalau demikian baiklah, saya setujui permintaan Kakak itu.”

Daud Beureueh : “Alhamdulillah. Atas nama rakyat Aceh saya mengucapkan terima kasih banyak atas kebaikan hati Saudara Presiden. Kami mohon (sambil menyodorkan secarik kertas kepada presiden) sudi kiranya Saudara Presiden menulis sedikit di atas kertas ini.”

Mendengar ucapan Daud Beureueh itu Bung Karno langsung menangis terisak-isak. Airmata yang mengalir telah membasahi bajunya. Dalam keadaan sesenggukan,

Soekarno berkata, : “Kakak! Kalau begitu tidak ada gunanya aku menjadi presiden. Apa gunanya menjadi presiden kalau tidak dipercaya.” Dengan tetap tenang, Daud Beureueh menjawab, “Bukan kami tidak percaya, Saudara Presiden. Akan tetapi sekadar menjadi tanda yang akan kami perlihatkan kepada rakyat Aceh yang akan kami ajak untuk berperang.”

Sambil menyeka airmatanya, Bung Karno mengucap janji dan bersumpah,

Bung Karno bersumpah : “Waallah Billah (Demi Allah), kepada daerah Aceh nanti akan diberi hak untuk menyusun rumah tangganya sendiri sesuai dengan Syariat Islam. Dan Waallah, saya akan pergunakan pengaruh saya agar rakyat Aceh benar-benar dapat melaksanakan Syariat Islam di dalam daerahnya. Nah, apakah Kakak masih ragu-ragu juga?”

Daud Beureueh menjawab, : “Saya tidak ragu Saudara Presiden. Sekali lagi, atas nama rakyat Aceh saya mengucapkan banyak terima kasih atas kebaikan hati Saudara Presiden.”

Dalam suatu wawancara yang dilakukan M. Nur El Ibrahimy dengan Daud Beureueh, Daud Beureueh menyatakan bahwa melihat Bung Karno menangis terisak-isak, dirinya tidak sampai hati lagi untuk bersikeras meminta jaminan hitam di atas putih atas janji-janji presiden itu.

Soekarno mengucapkan janji tersebut pada tahun 1948. Setahun kemudian Acehbersedia dijadikan satu provinsi sebagai bagian dari NKRI. Namun pada tahun 1951, belum kering bibir mengucap, Provinsi Aceh dibubarkan pemerintah pusat dan disatukan dengan Provinsi Sumatera Utara.

Jelas, ini menimbulkan sakit hati rakyat Aceh. Aceh yang porak-poranda setelah berperang cukup lama melawan Belanda dan kemudian Jepang, lalu menguras dan menghibahkan seluruh kekayaannya demi mempertahankan keberadaan Republik Indonesia tanpa pamrih, oleh pemerintah pusat bukannya dibangun dan ditata kembali malah dibiarkan terbengkalai.

Bukan itu saja, hak untuk mengurus diri sendiri pun akhirnya dicabut. Rumah-rumah rakyat, dayah-dayah, meunasah-meunasah, dan sebagainya yang hancur karena peperangan melawan penjajah dibiarkan porak-poranda. Bung Karno telahmenjilat ludahnya sendiri dan mengkhianati janji yang telah diucapkannyaatas nama Allah. Kenyataan ini oleh rakyat Aceh dianggap sebagai kesalahan yang tidak pernah termaafkan.

Mohammad Said, Pengarang Buku “Aceh Sepanjang Abad Jilid Ke Dua”

Sumber : Firdy Atjeh

The ducth federaal governement central postal (Jawatan PTT Nica) issued Indonesia numeric smelt and overprint Indonesia on wilhemina stamps.

 

 

 

 

December, 1st.1948

(1)The extreme rare RRRRR,only one ever seen in the world, fragmen strip two republi Indonesia Sumatra local revenue ,used on fragmen ,strip two, old revenue f.1,- this mis used because in this time the rate was two new roepiah revenue(2x RP.1,-), and this revenue  never used before because the devaluation  which made this revenue to low for used,(If the collector who have this revenue in used on document please report, the unsuesd or mint one many found),compare with the real new roepiah RP.1,50 off document collections  below.

look above  the real used new roepiah revenue from november to the latest one in december,10th.1948

(2)the postally used cover send from Pakanbaru to Tembilahan Indragiri with local  republic Indonesia  sumatra stamps and TNI sencored choped.

 

 

(3)Amir Sjarifudddin captured

 

Rare Aceh local overprint stamps

THE SMALL OVERPRINT ACEH LOCAL REVOLUTIONALY STAMPS 1948-1949

 

Bigger F

F1

 

 

F 1,50

 

F2,50

 

F5

CDS Lhoseumawe 3.5.53

 

 

Compare with F5 revenue

 

 

 

5 sen

 

50 Sen

 

5 sen

F 1.50

Eu 550.-

 

F1,-

Eu 240

 

Eu 450

 

 

F 2,50

Eu 450.-

 

F 2,50  ORI

Eu 150

 

 

50 Sen

Eu 300

 

50 sen with red line

Eu 300

 

50 sen red line

Eu 950

 

Aceh Bigger Overprint

R 20,-

967. 0185* PHOTO 280,00

 

 

R 200,-

968. 0186_ PHOTO 400,00

 

 

R 100,-

969. 0187* PHOTO 150,00

 

 

R 100,-

970. 0187_ PHOTO 150,00

 

 

R 150,-

971. 0188* PHOTO 180,00

 

R 150 used cds sinabang

 

CDS Sinabang

 

F 5,00

 

 

Non Overprint Basic stamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAKE

 

 

 

 

(4)  The Indonesian menistry back to Jakarta from Kaliurang Meeting.

Deecember 1st 1948

Sekitar 300 orang PKI Madiun ditangkap oleh pasukan Siliwangi pada tanggal 1 Desember 1948 di daerah Purwodadi, Jawa Tengah.

Dengan ditumpasnya pemberontakan PKI di Madiun, maka selamatlah bangsa dan negara Indonesia dari rongrongan dan ancaman kaum komunis yang bertentangan dengan ideologi Pancasila. Penumpasan pemberontakan PKI dilakukan oleh bangsa Indonesia sendiri, tanpa bantuan apa pun dan dari siapa pun.

Dalam kondisi bangsa yang begitu sulit itu, ternyata RI sanggup menumpas pemberontakan yang relatif besar oleh golongan komunis dalam waktu singkat.

 

 

December ,2nd .1948

 

The Dutch language Newspaper”De Locomotief” information:

(A) Jawa Timur Koos Wali Negara; RTAhmad Koesoemonegoro Regent of Banjoewangi. and the illustration of Jawa Timur Regency Banjoewangi Walinegara and time the photo was taken Bondowoso conference.

(B) The terror

238 INCIDENTS IN PAST WEEK. The service contacts the Army reports that the week of 24 to 30 November in Fedraal gecled total of 238 incidents were geregistereerd.Hiervan 60 in the immediate vicinity of the status quo line caused by gangs who operate from Republican territory. Terruer again proved to be mainly directed against the population burgerche hanging on property. Of the total number of incidents related shootings of 100 villages, companies, etc., and robberies by gangs geinfltreerde. also acts of sabotage and arson were reported. Of the 160 terrorist acts were directed against the population there were no fewer than 43 murders in Indonesian Indonesian Federal gebled.

(C) Wali Negara

The presidentile system that requires elected heeldt von mens.de a wali Negara full responsibilities and powers woordelik present today which owns the Wali Negara, make that absolutely clear. We geloren that therefore the Councils of kueze Toemengoeng Koesoemonegoro Achmad, the regent of Banjoewangi. a lucky choice did. This Regebnt, now wal8 Negara is not easy to find him some man.Sommigen angular and as authoritarian.

(D) Large fire in Pekalongan

By hitherto unknown cause in last night at about half past one fire broke out in the center of Pekalongan. namely in kampong Bandjar Sari, who wrapped main thing is unmediated, recently geevacuneerde Chinese. 40 dee As houses.

(E) and Amir Soeripno arrested

Antara reported from Yogyakarta that the communist insurgents leid Amir sjarioeddin Tuesday in hell village mosquito net 20 km north-west of Poerwodadi, was arrested. Antara following information received was to Yogya Sjarifoeddin at that time with smaen Soeripno republikeluse former representative in Prague, also was arrested.

MOESO CREMATED

 

Antara REPORTS FROM Yogya, that the body MOESO OF THE LEADER OF THE REBELS OF TIMES THE COUPE IN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl Madiun were cremated, as is known, MOESO WAS CLOSE TO 31 OCTOBER ONOROGO TROOPS SLAIN BY REPUBLICAN.

(F) The Fight in the Republic

The Department of Military Contacts reported that under Republican reports the main body of the corimunistsce troops during fighting in the swamps north of Panawangan tenWesten and on the banks of the river on 28 November Loesi vernichtigd would

Great tournament stadium advertising vootbal Semarang

(G) Board conferentuie in Bandung

Monday and Tuesday to fold a board Bandung conference in which all of the residents and regnten Negara Pasundan participated and attended by the Wali Negara Wiranata Koesoema and Prime Minister Adil Poeradiredja. Among others were at the conference dealt with the measures for peace and order to maintain the practisce implementation of the recently passed by Parliament emergency law on the electoral system in the regencies, the position of divine service ambtenareb, the institutions to support needy and also internal affairs, which the department of interior affairs concern.

(H) of Sultan Koetai on grains

The Government’s steamer “Leonora” was Monday afternoon the Sultan of Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit, accompanied by his wife to Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan to the mast of the Leonora blew the Sultans standard time. The party was a grand reception to Balikpapan in part. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen and motorboats were the reason an escort. A great honor guard of members of the general police of Balikpapan was drafted and all, and many houses were blown diesntwoningen flags. The visit of the Sultan of Koetai and his company is also linked to the inauguration of the cemetery to Balikpapan where many remains of war victims herbegraven.De Sultan and his entourage will return on December 3 to Tenggarong.

(I) Company fired

In  Tuesday night at half past one circumferential Wensday , the office of Government to Plimping Poewaran rubber company, located in the Kadjen.In Pekalongganse onedr attacked by a large bende.Gevuurd was a distance of about 50 meters from the west. The shelling lasted about one hour. The fire was answered by four members of the company’s guard and two Europeans residing there. After the gang had been subtracted, was found at the place from which she had fired a klewang, 30 patterns and about 200 shells of Lee Enfield rifles, Sten guns and Mk95 carabines.

(J) Amok in express train

The express train from Semarang to Batavia Monday has a height advantage Boeginees Djatibarang amok. Resolute action by a fellow sergeant and a corporal of traveling KNIL worse could be prevented. Both soldiers were warned by a Chinese passenger and Gigen immediately take the car there. They faced two Chinese passangiers bathed in blood on the floor of the chariot. while third Chinese passenger was struggling with the ampkmaker, a large format jackknife as a weapon hanteerde.De overneesterden the soldiers running amok maker who his Chinese opponent already seriously wounded in the hand. De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar.” Hd=”After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger . The latter proved onvindbaaar. After some time the calm amok maker, who declared he was a fellow passenger gesard. The latter proved onvindbaaar. At the station, the Tjihaoergeulis amok maker surrendered to the police. Pasangiers got into the wound a bandage sneiltrein preliminary and were Pegandanbaroe by a Red Cross car and taken to the hospital Soebang charged.

 

(K) The 120-year RNMA

Bandung 30 November (Aneta)-The committee ‘to commemorate the one hundred twentieth anniversary of the KMA received on behalf HMKoningin Juliana the vogende telegram: Her Majesty Queen Juliana has told me the Bandung to celebrate the 120th birthday of the KMA united out M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen” Hd=’cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A cadets to convey her gratitude for the sentiments expressed in your telegram gebracht.De adjutant record “The governor of the K> M> A <Breda received the festival committee,” a telegram with the following text: “Your congratulations I have a very high value added. I can assure you that the old traditions will be upheld corporal and the KMA again flourishes “The telegram was signed Colonel Puffrius.

(a) Djawa Timoer Koos Wali Negara; R.T.Ahmad Koesoemonegoro Regent van Banjoewangi. en the illustratie van Regent Banjoewangi and Walinegara Djawa Timur  foto werde genomen tijden de conferentie te Bondowoso.

(b)De terreur

238 INCIDENTEN IN AFGELOPEN WEEK . De dienst voor Legeren contacten meldt, dat in de week van 24 tot en met 30 November in Fedraal gecled in totaal 238 incidenten zijn geregistereerd.Hiervan werden 60 in de onmiddelijke nabijheid van de status-quolijn veroorzaakt door benden die vanuit republikeins gebied opereren. Wederom bleek de terruer  zich hoofdzakelijk te richten tegen de burgerche volking op  hangeigendommen. Van het totale aantal incidenten betroffen 100 beschietingen van kampongs,van ondernemingen,enz, alsmede roofpartijen door geinfltreerde benden. ook brandstichtingen en sabotage-daden werden gemeld. Van de 160 terreurdaden die tegen de bevolking waren gericht waren er niet minder dan 43 moordaanslagen op Indonesische Indonesiers op Federaal gebled.

(c)Wali Negara

Het presidentile systeem ,dat men gekozen heeldt eist von een wali negara de volle mens.de verant woordelik heden en de bevoeg heden welke de Wali Negara bezit, maken dat zonder meer duidelijk. We geloren dat men daarom met de kueze van Raden Toemengoeng Achmad Koesoemonegoro, de regent van Banjoewangi. een gelukke keuze heeft gedaan. Deze Regebnt ,thans wal8 negara, is geen gemakkelijk man.Sommigen vinden hem wat hoekig en want autoritair.

(d)Grote brand in Pekalongan

Door tot dusver onbekende oorzaak is in de afgelopen nacht om ongeveer half twee brand uitgebroken in het centrum van pekalongan. en wel in kampong Bandjarsari,die in hoofzaak bewond wordt door onbemiddelde,kortgeleden geevacuneerde Chineze. 40 huizen in dee As.

(e) Amir en Soeripno gearresteerd

Antara meldt uit Djokja dat de leidr van de communistische opstandelingen Amir sjarioeddin Dinsdag in hel dorp KLamboe 20 km ten Noord-Westen van Poerwodadi, gearresteerd werd. Volgen inlichtingen die Antara te Djokja ontving was Sjarifoeddin op dat ogenblik smaen met Soeripno de voormalige republikeluse vertegenwoordiger te Praag,die eveneens gearresteerd werd.

MOESO GECREMEERD

ANTARA MELDT UIT DJOKJA,DAT HET STOFFELIJK OVERSCHOT VAN MOESO,DE LEIDER VAN DE OPSTANDELINGEN TIJDEN DE COUPE VAN MADIOEN.MAANDAL jl TE MADIOEN GECREMEERD WERD,ZOALS BEKEND,WERD MOESO OP 31 OCTOBER NABIJ pONOROGO DOOR REPUBLIKEINSE TROEPEN GEDOOD.

(f) De Strijd in de Republiek

De Dienst voor Legercontacten meldt, dat volgens republikeinse berichten de hoofdmacht van de  corimunistsce troepen tijdens gevechten in de moerassen ten Noorden en tenWesten van Panawangan aan de oevers van de rivier Loesi op 28 November vernichtigd zou zijn

reklame Groot vootbal tournooi stadion Semarang

(g) Bestuur conferentuie te bandoeng

Maandag en Dinsdag voud te Bandoeng een bestuur conferentie plaats waaran alle regnten en residenten van de Negara Pasoendan deelnamen en die werd bijgewoond door de Wali negara Wiranata Koesoema en premier Adil Poeradiredja. Onder meer werden op de conferentie behandeld, de maatregelen om orde en rust te handhaven, de practisce uitvoering van de kortgeleden door het parlement aangenomen noodwet betreffende de  kiesregeling in de regentschappen,de positie van gods dienst ambtenareb,de instellingen tot steun aan hulpbehoevenden en voorts interne aangelegenheden,die het departement van binnenlanden zaken aangaan.

(h) Sultan van Koetai op rels

Met de gouvernements stomer “Leonora” is Maandag middag de Sultan van Koetai Adji moeh. Parikesit , o.m. vergezeld door zijn gemalin te Balikpapan gearriveerd.Aan de mast van de  de Leonora woei ditmaal de Sultans standaard. Het gezelschap viel te Balikpapan een grootse ontvangst ten deel. Gepavolseerde gouvernemnewt geschepen  en motorboten vormden op de rede een escorte. Een grote erewacht van leden der algemene politie van balikpapan stond opgesteld en van alle diesntwoningen en vele huizen woeien vlaggen. Het bezoek van de sultan van Koetai en zijn gezelschap houdt tevens verband met de plechtige opening van het ereveld te balikpapan waarbij een groot aantal stoffelijke overschotten van oorlogs slachtoffers worden herbegraven.De Sultan en zijn gevolg zal op 3 december naar Tenggarong terugkeren.

(i)Onderneming beschoten

In cde nacht van Dinsdag op QWoensdag omtreeks half twee is het kantoor van de gouvernements rubber onderneming Poewaran te Plimping,gelegen te Kadjen.In het Pekalongganse onedr vuur genomen door een grote bende.Gevuurd werd  van een afstand van ongeveer 50 meter uit Westelijke richting. De beschieting duurde ongeveer een uur. het vuur werd beantwoord door 4 leden van de ondernemingswacht en de twee daar verblijf houdende Europeanen. Nadat de bende afgetrokken was, vond  men op de plaats waar vandaan zij gevuurd had, een klewang,30 patronen en ongeveer 200 hulzen van Lee Enfield geweren, Mk95 karabijnen en stenguns.

(j) Amok in de sneltrein

In de sneltrein van Semarang naar batavia heeft Maandag  een Boeginees teer hoogte van Djatibarang amok gemaakt. Door resoluut ingrijpen van een medereizend sergeant en een korporaal van het KNIL kon erger worden voorkomen. De beide militairen werde door een Chinees passagier gewaarschuwd en gigen dadelijk mee daar de betrokken  wagon. Zij troffen daar twee Chinese passangiers badend in het bloed op de vloer van de wagen aan. terwijl een derde Chinese passagier aan het worstelen was met de ampkmaker,die een groot formaat knipmes als wapen hanteerde.De militairen overneesterden de amokmaker,die zijn Chinese tegenstander reeds ernstig aan de hand had verwond. Na enige tijd bedaarde de amokmaker,die verklaarde dat hij werd gesard door een medepassagier>De laatste bleek echter onvindbaaar. Aan het station van Tjihaoergeulis werd de amokmaker aan de politie  overgegeven. De wonde pasangiers kregen in sneiltrein voorlopig een noodverband en werden in Pegandanbaroe door een Rode Kruis-auto overgenomen en naar het hospitaal te Soebang gebracht.

(k) De 120 -jarige KMA

Bandoeng 30 November(Aneta)-Het comite’ ter herdenking van het hondertwintig jarig bestaan van de KMA ontving namens H.M.Koningin Juliana het vogende telegram: Hare Majesteit Koningin Juliana heeft mij opgedragen de Bandoeng ter gelegenheid van de 120ste verjaarig van de K.M.A verenigde out-cadeten Haar dank over te brengen voor de gevoelens in Uw telegram tot uiting gebracht.De adjudant van dienst” Van de gouverneur van de K>M>A< in Breda ontving het feest-comite’ een telegram met de volgende tekst:” Uw gelukwensen heb ik op zeer hoge prijs geteld. Ik kan U de verzekering geven,dat de oude corpstradities zullen worden hoog gehouden en de K.M.A. weer tot bloei komt” Het telegram was getekend Kolonel Puffrius.

December.4th,1948

(a)Vice President Moh Hatta announced that the situation worst(suasana buruk) and he “memepringatkan ” the people to ready for antisipation all will hapen(siap menghadapi segala kemungkinan)

 

(b) The Java local definitif stamps,one with clear CDS 4.12,48 city not identified,

 

 

December,7th.1948

 

The rare official Justice court Maninjau  postal used homenade cover from Maninjau to Bukitttinngi December,8th.1948

the postally used postal stationer card dancer 5 cent ,send from bandung  to  cds Malang. 10,12.48.

December,9th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Surakarta  official governement employee certificate.

December,10th.1948

the Local middle java  revenue Rp. 0,50 used on document of Jogyakarta  official governement employee  uprank certificate(Keputusan kenaikan pangkat)

the same certificate of up the salary  issued at Magelang (keputusan kenaikan Gaji) with  3 x 7 1/2 Rp and 2 x 1/2 Rp.

 

 

mint meterai pembagunan from middle java, and local revenue.

December 11th.1948

Dutch inform UN representatives that further talks with the Republic are “futile”.

December,12tyh.1948

The latest used of local repoeblic Djokja issued  ,borobudur stupa revenue used on complete document.alsoother nominal on document date unclear.

 

 

and looh above  the mint revenue ,also the other materai pembangunan (development revenue) in mint condition ,issued at the Djokjakarta.

December,13th,1948

The North sumatra Gouvernor, inaugurated  the member OF  North sumatra ‘s DPR at Tapak tuan (south aceh,near Kabanjahe). Residen Aceh (T.T.Daudsyah) and  Teuku mnahmud also “hadir”, after the meeting had several”keputusan’ like Kutaradja as the capital of North sumatra Province.

 

December,17 th,.1948

The Dutch ultimatum Republik through The United Nation  Commission(komisi Jasa baik PBB),Republc must answer in december 18th 1948 10.00 am  at Jakarta.

December, 18th.1948

 

 

INFAMY!

Just when you think you know it all and life holds no more surprises for you (well, not really, but I just needed an intro), you open this auction catalogue and staring at you from one of the pages is an overprinted stamp you’ve never seen before, nor have ever heard of. So there’s nothing for it but to try and get it! And I did! And here it is!

It is one of the American Bank Note Company definitives of the Netherlands Indies, originally issued in 1945.

 

The overprint reads:

 “REPOEBLIC INDONESIA, TWO DAYS OF INFAMY!, 7 Dec. 1941 – Pearl Harbor, 18 Dec. 1948 – Jogjakarta, POS UDARA 10R”.

 

Intriguing! The latter date refers to the start of the Dutch military intervention (code-named Operation Crow) against the new Indonesian republic, and the first date, I suppose, is included to make the Americans choose the side of the Indonesians. I couldn’t find much information on this, but apparently, the overprint was produced by US stamp dealer Julius Stolow, as part of an agreement with the Indonesian ambassador to the USA, Mr Sumitro, and was produced in December 1948. If anyone happens to know anything more, than I’d be interested to hear!

 

(1)  The Dutch  at 23.30 PM

tell the United nation commision that starting at December,19th.1948 10.00 AM Jkarta Time didnot tied with the Renville Agreement. and at 23.45 this day The Dutch have delivered a letter to Indonesia delegation’s secretary  with the same information, and the delegation informed to the Republuic Indonesia gouverfnment at Djokja but cannot communicated because the Dutch had broken the communikasion(pihak belanda telah memutuskan hubungan antara Jakata dan Djokja). In this nigh the member of Indonesian delegatioan were arrested by the Dutch.

(2)Dutch organize Negara Sumatra Selatan state, with capital at Palembang.and the ceremony  transfered of power will be in february,2th. 1949

(3) In this night 40 RI military leader were moved  by catalina amphibi RI 006  flight to Sumatra, but when came back to Jogya the flight have “sergap”  by the Dutch ,until broke.

December, 18th.1948

(a)Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there.

(b)at  11.30 PM ,Dr Beel  had annouce that the Dutch Federal state didnot related with renville agreement anymore, which meaning thje second agrattion will starting.

(c) the latest used indonesia 3rd independence stamp on  on sencored  chop postcard.

tanggal 18 Desember 1948,

Wakil Walikota Tinggi Belanda telah menyatakan bahwa Belanda tidak lagi terkait dengan perjanjian Renville, pada malam yang sama sebuah pesawat jenis mustang meraung-raung diatas kota Bukittinggi, dengan menjatuhkan selembaran pamplet. Mereka menyusuri jalan raya Padang-Kayutanam seterusnya Via Lembah Anai Formasi tempur dengan perlengkapan Tank baja menerobos ke Padang Panjang dan selanjutnya menuju Bukittinggi.
Pasukan Mobrig Sumatera Barat yang memilik 234 personil merupakan salah satu kekuatan inti yang menjadi garis terdepan pada 3 front sesuai Perjanjian Renville. Front utara bermarkas di Sicincin, satuan-satuan Mobrig ditempatkan di Batang Tapakis Ringan-ringan Sintuk Toboh Baru sedangkan di front selatan bermarkas di Painan, yang bertugas disekitar Siguntur Pasar Sungai Durian.

Pasukan Belanda yang dikirim ke Utara via Lubuk Alung dan Kayu Tanam mendapat rintangan di front Tapakis, tempat dimana satuan Mobrig memplot sejumlah pasukan penjaga batas Perjanjian Renville untuk memperingatkan tentara Belanda agar tidak melewati perbatasan. Namun sebagai jawabannya Belanda menyerang pasukan Mobrig yang ada di Tapakis, terjadilah pertempuran tidak seimbang sehingga mengakibatkan guguurnya dua orang prajurit terbaik Mobrig, Agen Polisi Baharuddin dan Agen Polisi M. Nur. Kedua pahlawan Mobrig ini dimakamkan ditempat terjadinya pertempuran, tepatnya di desa Tapakis Lubuk Alung Padang Pariaman.

 

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

 

 

 

December 19th.1948

Kira-kira setengah jam sebelum jam 00.00 malam tgl 19 Desember 1948, pihak Belanda mengumumkan kepada Republik Indonesia dan pada Komisi Tiga Negara (KTN) bahwa Belanda tidak mengakui dan tidak terikat lagi dengan persetujuan Renville.

.

 

Bukittinggi, kota pusat pemerintahan Sumatera pada masa itu, sejak tengah malam tgl. 18 Desember 1948 pula telah menjadi incaran penyerbuan pihak Belanda dengan penerbangan pesawat udara militer Belanda berkeliling-keliling sambil menyebarkan pamflet-pamflet.

 

Pagi tgl 19 Desember satuan pesawat udara pemburu jenis mustang dari pihak Belanda menyerang kota Bukittinggi dan sekitarnya dengan membom serta menembaki beberapa obyek. Menjelang tengah hari serangan pesawat-pesawat udara itu dilakukan secara bergelombang-gelombang, menyebabkan timbulnya kepanikan penduduk.

 

Terlihat sampai malam orang-orang berkelompok mapun sendiri-sendiri meninggalkan kota mengungsi menyelamatkan diri.

 

Sebagai seorang pemuda pelajar SMA di Bukittinggi pada masa itu, penulis adalah juga anggota Tentera Pelajar (T.P.) Sumatera Tengah – Batalyon Bukittinggi .

 

Sungguhnya namanya anggota Tentera Pelajar, tetapi belum mempunyai pengalaman bertempur dalam peperangan.

 

Kalau perang-perangan dalam latihan kemiliteran pernah juga ada pengalaman diperoleh secara teratur sejak tahun 1946 sampai awal 1948, dengan pelatih-pelatihnya para perwira dan bintara dari unit Pendidikan dan Latihan Divisi III TKR (kemudian Divisi IX Banteng).

 

Pembentukan dan pembinaan Tentera Pelajar di Sumatera Tengah oleh Pimpinan Divisi III TKR/TRI tidaklah diarahkan untuk dijadikan pasukan tempur, tetapi disiapkan sebagai satuan-satuan cadangan dan bantuan dalam rangka wajib bela negara.

 

 

 

 

 

Kolonel M. Dahlan Jambek (alm.) selaku pimpinan Divisi III TRI pernah didatangi oleh wakil-wakil pelajar yang dengan semangat menyala-nyala meminta agar TRI mengikut sertakan satuan-satuan pelajar terlatih (T.P.) dalam pasukan tempur. Tetapi dengan hati-hati sekali beliau meminta pengertian para pelajar untuk terus bersekolah demi persiapan hari depan bangsa dan negara, disamping itu tetap berlatih menurut kesatuan masing-masing dengan teratur dan sungguh-sungguh. (lihat: Chaidir Nien Latief, Nostalgia dan Sejarah Perjuangan Pelajar di Sumatera, Merdeka 27 Desember 1980).

 

 

Dengan datangnya serangan yang mendadak dari pihak Belanda pada 19 Desember 1948 yang kebetulan pula mulainya liburan sekolah, maka maka tidak ada satupun pedoman, petunjuk maupun instruksi pimpinan Tentera Pelajar atau Pimpinan Organisasi pertahanan/keamanan lainnya yang dapat diikuti oleh para anggota T.P. di Sumatera Barat.

 

Pada umumnya para anggota T.P. yang bertebaran di Sumatera Barat mengambil inisiatif dan mengambil keputusan masing-masing untuk memilih cara dan bentuk perjuangan yang dapat dilanjutkan sebagai pelajar terlatih militer. Ada yang tinggal di dalam kota untuk menunggu kesempatan bersekolah kembali, tetapi ada pula yang memilih ke luar kota bergabung dengan kesatuan-kesatuan pejuang lainnya untuk bergerilya.

 

Dalam keadaan terombang-ambing untuk menentukan sikap disaat gawat tersebut, penulis terdampar pada senja 19 Desember 1948 ke markas Mobiele Brigade Polisi (Mobbrig) Sumatera Barat, di Birugo Bukittinggi. Rencana semula hendak menemui paman penulis sendiri (alm. Amir Mahmud, Inspektur Polisi I, Komandan Mobbrig Sumatera Barat, tetapi malam itu berkesempatan bertatap muka dengan Bapak Suleiman Effendi (Pembantu Komisaris Besar, Kepala Polisi Propinsi Sumatera Tengah) dan Bapak R. Abdurachman Suriokusumo (Komisaris Polisi I, Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Barat).

 

Dari beliau beliau inilah penulis beroleh keterangan bahwa dalam waktu singkat mungkin tentera Belanda akan sampai di Bukittinggi; semua pasukan pasukan bersenjata serta pejabat pejabat pemerintah Republik Indonesia akan meninggalkan kota dan akan melanjutkan perjuangan secara bergerilya dari luar kota  melawan kekuatan pemerintahan dan tentera pendudukan Belanda.

 

Penulis juga diberi advis pada waktu itu, supaya sebaiknya sebagai pelajar pulang saja ke kampung dan menunggu perkembangan sampai ada kemungkinan untuk bersekolah. Dengan mengemukakan alasan bahwa penulis adalah pula salah seorang anggota Tentera Pelajar  yang pernah mendapat latihan kemiliteran, memohon kiranya bapak bapak pimpinan kepolisisan tersebut mau membawa serta penulis dalam perjuangan ge-rilya di luar kota kemanapun akan pergi.

 

 

 

Permohonan penulis diperkenankan oleh Bapak Suleiman Effendi dan pada malam itu juga diberi tugas untuk membantu Pemb. Inspektur II Bustaman (terakhir Let. Kol. Pol. di Kodak Jakarta Raya) mengemasi arsip-arsip / dokumen-dokumen yang perlu diselamatkan.

 

Sebagai anggota polisi yang bergabung dalam korps Mobiele Brigade (Mobbrig) malam itu pula penulis memperoleh baju seragam / uniform Mobbrig Sumatera Barat yang pada waktu itu terdiri dari: celana dan kemeja khaki-dril, jaket wol berwarna coklat (bekas uniform tentera Australia) dan karena sepatu kulit tidak ada saat itu hanya diberi sepatu karet. Senjata diberi sebilah kelewang.

Meninggalkan markas di Birugo.

 

Tanggal 20 Desember 1948 pagi, didapat perintah supaya markas Mobbrig Sumatera Barat di Birugo, Bukittinggi (sekarang: kompleks di belakang SMA Negeri No.2) di-pindahkan ke Jirek (pada waktu itu kantor Jawatan Sosial), sedangkan bagian perlengkapan / perbekalan serta perbengkelan dipindahkan ke Sipisang (arah Utara dari Bukittinggi pada jalan raya menuju Bonjol). Hari ini serangan pesawat udara Belanda masih bergelombang gelombang datang menjelang tengah hari.

Bagi pimpinan pimpinan unit kerja memang tidak mudah dan ringan tanggung jawab yang harus dipikul dalam kekalutan yang dihadapi. Selain dari pada tugas dinas kepolisian harus lebih ditingkatkan kewaspadaan, disamping itu pengungsian keluarga keluar kota harus pula berjalan teratur, sedangkan fasilitas transport tidak tersedia cukup; pula distribusi / supply makanan petugas maupun pengungsi pengungsi memerlukan perhatian pengaturannya, dsb dsb.

 

Dalam kesibukan dan kekalang kabutan yang terjadi itu,  penulis menemukan sepucuk senjata senapan/karabijn tergeletak di belakang pintu markas di Jirek. Sesudah ditanyakan berkeliling siapa yang bertanggung jawab atas pemakaian senjata itu, tidak seorang pun yang merasa kehilangan. Sejak hari itu penulis diberi izin oleh Komandan untuk memegang senapan yang sudah kehilangan tuan tersebut.

(Adrin Kahar)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. 1.      Pertempuran Palupuh


Kesatuan tempur yang mempertahankan front Palupuh terdiri dari Pasukan Mobrig yang merupakan kesatuan antara Mobrig Sumatera Tengah, Sumatera Barat dan Polisi Tugas Umum dibawah komando Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Tengah PKBP
Soelaiman Efendi, berkekuatan 400 personil, terdiri dari pasukan yang pindah dari Bukittinggi, ditambah pasukan Mobrig dari front Tapakis Lubuk Alung, Batu Tebal Padang Panjang, Ladang Padi/Air Sirah dan Siguntur Muda berkumpul dengan induk pasukan didaerah Palupuh. Untuk mencapai daerah Palupuh pasukan Mobrig harus melewati rintangan, dimana Belanda sudah menguasai daerah Padang Panjang, Solok, Payakumbuh, Batusangkar. Melalui hutan jalan solusi terbaik untuk ditempuh, terkadang terpaksa ambil resiko melintasi wilayah patroli pasukan Belanda.

Read more

 

Inspektur Polisi I Amir Mahmud Komandan Mobbrig Sumatera Barat

Mengenang Front Palupuh dengan Mobbrig – nya

MENJADI KELUARGA MOBBRIG.

19 Desember 1948

 adalah tanggal yang mempunyai arti tersendiri dalam sejarah perjuangan bangsa Indonesia dalam rangka menegakkan dan mempertahankan negara Republik Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

Pada tanggal inilah buat kedua kalinya dimulai penyerbuan besar-besaran yang dilakukan oleh penjajah pihak Belanda memasuki wilayah-wilayah Republik Indonesia dengan maksud menindas perjuangan bangsa yang ingin merdeka.

 

PENULIS sejenak berpose dimuka lensa, sebelum melepaskan baju seragam Mobbrig dan kembali ke bangku sekolah di awal tahun 1950. (Foto: dokumentasi Adrin Kahar)


GERAKAN agresi Tentara Belanda ini dikenal dengan nama Aksi Militer Belanda ke II atau dikatakan juga gerakan pelanggaran perjanjian Renville. Aksi Militer Belanda ke I adalah penyerbuan yang dilakukan oleh pihak Belanda memasuki Wilayah Republik Indonesia pertama kali juga secara mendadak dan besar-besaran yang dimulai tanggal 21 Juli 1947 terkenal sebagai pelanggaran atas persetujuan Linggarjati.

 

Dalam masa perjuangan menghadapi Belanda yang ingin menegakkan kembali kolonialisme di Indonesia sesudah perang dunia ke II, bangsa Indonesia sendiri menyadari bahwa jika ditinjau dari segi kelengkapan dan mutu persenjataan angkatan Perang, pihak Belanda memang lebih unggul dari pada angkatan bersenjata Indonesia. Disamping itu, jauh sebelum tanggal 19 Desember 1948, hubungan diplomatik Indonesia dan Belanda sudah memperlihatkan ketegangan yang dalam perundingan – perundingan banyak terdapat perbedaan paham.

 

Kira-kira setengah jam sebelum jam 00.00 malam tgl 19 Desember 1948, pihak Belanda mengumumkan kepada Republik Indonesia dan pada Komisi Tiga Negara (KTN) bahwa Belanda tidak mengakui dan tidak terikat lagi dengan persetujuan Renville. Dengan sangat mendadak, pagi dinihari Minggu tgl. 19 Desember 1948 sejumlah besar tentera Payung Belanda terjun di lapangan udara Maguwo dan bergerak terus menduduki ibu kota Republik Indonesia Yogyakarta.

Bukittinggi, kota pusat pemerintahan Sumatera pada masa itu, sejak tengah malam tgl. 18 Desember 1948 pula telah menjadi incaran penyerbuan pihak Belanda dengan penerbangan pesawat udara militer Belanda berkeliling-keliling sambil menyebarkan pamflet-pamflet.

Pagi tgl 19 Desember satuan pesawat udara pemburu jenis mustang dari pihak Belanda menyerang kota Bukittinggi dan sekitarnya dengan membom serta menembaki beberapa obyek. Menjelang tengah hari serangan pesawat-pesawat udara itu dilakukan secara bergelombang-gelombang, menyebabkan timbulnya kepanikan penduduk.

Terlihat sampai malam orang-orang berkelompok mapun sendiri-sendiri meninggalkan kota mengungsi menyelamatkan diri.

Sebagai seorang pemuda pelajar SMA di Bukittinggi pada masa itu, penulis adalah juga anggota Tentera Pelajar (T.P.) Sumatera Tengah – Batalyon Bukittinggi . Sungguhnya namanya anggota Tentera Pelajar, tetapi belum mempunyai pengalaman bertempur dalam peperangan.

Kalau perang-perangan dalam latihan kemiliteran pernah juga ada pengalaman diperoleh secara teratur sejak tahun 1946 sampai awal 1948, dengan pelatih-pelatihnya para perwira dan bintara dari unit Pendidikan dan Latihan Divisi III TKR (kemudian Divisi IX Banteng).

Pembentukan dan pembinaan Tentera Pelajar di Sumatera Tengah oleh Pimpinan Divisi III TKR/TRI tidaklah diarahkan untuk dijadikan pasukan tempur, tetapi disiapkan sebagai satuan-satuan cadangan dan bantuan dalam rangka wajib bela negara. Kolonel M. Dahlan Jambek (alm.) selaku pimpinan Divisi III TRI pernah didatangi oleh wakil-wakil pelajar yang dengan semangat menyala-nyala meminta agar TRI mengikut sertakan satuan-satuan pelajar terlatih (T.P.) dalam pasukan tempur. Tetapi dengan hati-hati sekali beliau meminta pengertian para pelajar untuk terus bersekolah demi persiapan hari depan bangsa dan negara, disamping itu tetap berlatih menurut kesatuan masing-masing dengan teratur dan sungguh-sungguh. (lihat: Chaidir Nien Latief, Nostalgia dan Sejarah Perjuangan Pelajar di Sumatera, Merdeka 27 Desember 1980).

 

 

Inspektur Polisi I Amir Mahmud Komandan Mobbrig Sumatera Barat dan Inspektur Polisi II M.K. Situmorang Wk. Komandan Mobbrig (2) berhadapan dengan perwira perwira polisi Belanda dalam rangka serah terima kota Bukittinggi 7 Desember 1949.
(Foto. Dok. Adrin Kahar)

Dengan datangnya serangan yang mendadak dari pihak Belanda pada 19 Desember 1948 yang kebetulan pula mulainya liburan sekolah, maka maka tidak ada satupun pedoman, petunjuk maupun instruksi pimpinan Tentera Pelajar atau Pimpinan Organisasi pertahanan/keamanan lainnya yang dapat diikuti oleh para anggota T.P. di Sumatera Barat.

 

Pada umumnya para anggota T.P. yang bertebaran di Sumatera Barat mengambil inisiatif dan mengambil keputusan masing-masing untuk memilih cara dan bentuk perjuangan yang dapat dilanjutkan sebagai pelajar terlatih militer. Ada yang tinggal di dalam kota untuk menunggu kesempatan bersekolah kembali, tetapi ada pula yang memilih ke luar kota bergabung dengan kesatuan-kesatuan pejuang lainnya untuk bergerilya.

 

Dalam keadaan terombang-ambing untuk menentukan sikap disaat gawat tersebut, penulis terdampar pada senja 19 Desember 1948 ke markas Mobiele Brigade Polisi (Mobbrig) Sumatera Barat, di Birugo Bukittinggi. Rencana semula hendak menemui paman penulis sendiri (alm. Amir Mahmud, Inspektur Polisi I, Komandan Mobbrig Sumatera Barat, tetapi malam itu berkesempatan bertatap muka dengan Bapak Suleiman Effendi (Pembantu Komisaris Besar, Kepala Polisi Propinsi Sumatera Tengah) dan Bapak R. Abdurachman Suriokusumo (Komisaris Polisi I, Kepala Kepolisian Sumatera Barat).

 

Dari beliau beliau inilah penulis beroleh keterangan bahwa dalam waktu singkat mungkin tentera Belanda akan sampai di Bukittinggi; semua pasukan pasukan bersenjata serta pejabat pejabat pemerintah Republik Indonesia akan meninggalkan kota dan akan melanjutkan perjuangan secara bergerilya dari luar kota melawan kekuatan pemerintahan dan tentera pendudukan Belanda.

Penulis juga diberi advis pada waktu itu, supaya sebaiknya sebagai pelajar pulang saja ke kampung dan menunggu perkembangan sampai ada kemungkinan untuk bersekolah.

 

Dengan mengemukakan alasan bahwa penulis adalah pula salah seorang anggota Tentera Pelajar yang pernah mendapat latihan kemiliteran, memohon kiranya bapak bapak pimpinan kepolisisan tersebut mau membawa serta penulis dalam perjuangan ge-rilya di luar kota kemanapun akan pergi. Permohonan penulis diperkenankan oleh Bapak Suleiman Effendi dan pada malam itu juga diberi tugas untuk membantu Pemb. Inspektur II Bustaman (terakhir Let. Kol. Pol. di Kodak Jakarta Raya) mengemasi arsip-arsip / dokumen-dokumen yang perlu diselamatkan.

 

Sebagai anggota polisi yang bergabung dalam korps Mobiele Brigade (Mobbrig) malam itu pula penulis memperoleh baju seragam / uniform Mobbrig Sumatera Barat yang pada waktu itu terdiri dari: celana dan kemeja khaki-dril, jaket wol berwarna coklat (bekas uniform tentera Australia) dan karena sepatu kulit tidak ada saat itu hanya diberi sepatu karet. Senjata diberi sebilah kelewang.

Meninggalkan markas di Birugo.

Source

http://aswilblog.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/sekilas-sejarah-berdirinya-brimob-daerah-sumbar/

 

 

Dutch version

the second in December 1948 and January 1949. The operations took place during the time of the Indonesian fight for independence

 

Second Police Action (Operatie Kraai)
Dutch military aggression II
The second Politionele Acties was aimed at forcing the Republic to cooperate with the Dutch government in the implementation of the federalist policy as stipulated in the Linggadjati Agreement.

 The purpose was to organize the new Indonesia as a federal state that would remain closely associated with the Netherlands. Alleged breaches of the armistice by the Indonesians was also a motivator.

During this operation (kraai = Dutch ‘crow’), Yogyakarta was directly attacked and the Indonesian administration, including president Sukarno, was put under arrest. Furthermore, all major cities and roads on Java were occupied

In both ‘police actions’,

more than 100,000 Dutch troops were involved. This number makes obvious the fact that the operations did not constitute limited police actions as claimed by
the Dutch government, but full-fledged military campaigns.

 Overall, the Dutch suffered approximately 5,000 fatalities, the death toll on the Indonesian side is estimated to be as high as 150,000.

 

What really Happened read more the history fact below compiled by Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Dengan terjadinya Agresi Militer Belanda II pada tanggal 19 Desember 1948, maka berakhirlah masa tugas Polisi Keamanan di sekitar garis tersebut.
Militerisasi Polisi

Agresi Militer Belanda II
Pada tanggal 19 Desember 1949 Belanda melancarkan agresinya yang ke-2 dengan menyerang ibukota yang pada waktu itu ada di Yogyakarta. Dalam waktu singkat, Belanda berhasil menguasai Pangkalan Udara Maguwo serta kota. Tidak hanya Yogya, Belanda juga menyerang daerah lain yang menjadi teritorial RI. Di Yogya Mobbrig ikut menyerang tentara Belanda yang akan masuk ke dalam kota dan puncaknya dalam serangan umum 1 Maret Mobbrig ikut terlibat aktif di dalam penyerangan tersebut.

Organisasi Kepolisian Selama Agresi Militer II
Setelah Yogyakarta berhasil diduduki oleh pasukan Belanda, polisi bersama alat negara lainnya meninggalkan kota.

Di luar kota berpusat Pemerintahan Militer di bawah pimpinan Panglima Besar Jenderal Sudirman yang dibantu oleh Staf Kemanan yang terdiri dari Jaksa Agung Tentara sebagai Kepala Staf, KKN dan Komandan Korps Polisi Militer Jawa masing-masing sebagai Wakil Kepala I dan II.

(1)On December,19th.1948 in the morning Dutch soldiers boombing Bukittinggi, the Ducth begun attacked repoeblic Indonesia. at afrternoon Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara,Menteri kemamukarn RI whic stayed at bukittingi from the central gouvernment ,with Colonel Hidaya, The comandenemen comandant TNI Sumatra who just take the command from Mayor General Soehardjo Hardjowardojo, vist Mr T.M.Hassan the chief of central Commisariat at his house at BGarai(valley) Sianok Bukittinggi, for meeting aboutmthe movement against the Dutch army, they didnot know the situation of presieenrt and vice president Repoeblic Indonesia.this day no info from Yogja.Mr Sjafruddin Prawira negara told that in order to save the stae NRI, he accepeted to built PDRI(pemerintah daruata republic Indonesa-emergengy gouvernment RI) and at night ,9.00 PM the NRI official will move out Bukittinggi to Halaban (onderneming or Plantation) near Payakumbuh.

(2)Second Dutch “police action” begins at 5:30 A.M. without warning. Yogya falls to the Dutch.Emergency government for Indonesia is declared (PDRI) at Payakumbuh nearby under Sjafruddin Prawiranegara. Soedirman radios his immediate support for the emergency government.Civil government of republic, including Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, allows itself to be captured, hoping to outrage world opinion; Sukarno and Sjahrir are taken into Dutch custody, and eventually flown to Bangka. look the illustraion of sukarno.hatta and Haji Agus Salim at Maguwo Airport when the dutch took them to custody in Bangka.

the illustratio of Hotel Manumbing at bangka whete Bung Karno,bung Hatta were exile.

Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX of Yogya remains in his palace, and does not leave during the entire Dutch occupation.Dutch occupy Bukittinggi.Tan Malaka escapes again during the confusion.

 

Panglima Besar Soedirman


Soedirman is warmly remembered today as perhaps the greatest hero of the revolution. Towards the end of the fighting, he fell ill and directed troops from his sickbed.Soedirman was another complex character in the revolutionary era. He had been impressed by Japanese military traditions and the spirit of bushido; yet he was also thought to be sympathetic to the leftist movement of Tan Malaka. He was one of the military figures who was not completely trusting of the political leadership (such as Sjahrir), as to them the political leadership seemed more interested in compromise than victory. This feeling was certainly strengthened when the entire political leadership allowed itself to be taken captive by the Dutch on December 19, 1948.

On 19 December 1948

at 05:30 am Maguwo airfield was bombed by the Dutch Mitchell bombers (B 25) is immediately followed by a battalion of troops jumping green beret who was assigned to seize the flying field Maguwo. On the morning of this miraculous Dutch terdfiri aircraft from aircraft Spitfire, Mustang, Lockheed and Mitchell seemed hovering above the city of Djokja which soon opened the attack by shooting at and dropping bombs in several places. In the Netherlands Maguwo menerjunlan payungdengan troops seize field goal Maguwo.penduduk menyhangka city does not at all that it was an explosion and gunfire attacks that actually means, they suspect that the heavy temabakan just war, because war forces the GoI has planned a latihanbesar- besara. semaking intensified after his shots and more bombs being dropped, then people realize. after the victim began to fall. They realize vahw abelanda tealh their attacks. Sekalipunkesatuan in Maguwo too small, yet still provided resistance under the leadership of opsit picket Kasmiran, patriotic resistance which lasted bravely than 06 000 hours (AM) until 7:00 to finally air cadet kasmiran with approximately 40 members of his unit killed on the field of service. However the new field at 08.00 hours seluurh Maguwo successfully controlled by the Dutch, they immediately opened the air bridge to lower Semarang Djokja Engineers heavy equipment and transport equipment for eprsiapan seize Djokja. Meanwhile the relationship anatara base Maguwo Djokja disconnected so the situation can not be known at all by the dreamers who are in town n RI Djokja. Dutch movement from the city Djokja Maguwo dimuali sjak morning and at 14:15 (PM) they arrived on the edge of the east and from here they try to occupy the city. Teridir of their movement and group movement setaip memepunyai groups specific tasks to further isolate the town in order to soldiers of the Republic of Indonesia that will try to get out of town can be prevented.

Dutch troops launch on sat afresi colonial, Great Commander General Sudirman was nearly issued a flash command:

QUICK ORDER NO I/PB/48

1.we  has been attacked

2. On 19 December 1948 the Dutch Armed Forces attacked the Yogyakarta city and the airfield Maguwo

3.The  dutch’s  government  had  cancel truce agreement

4.All  Armed Forces carry out the plan that has been set to face the Dutch attack

Issued in place, on 19 December 1948, jam.08.00

Commander of the Armed Forces of the Republic Indonesia

Lieutenant General Sudirman.

Thus flash command Zbesar Commander, thus exercise plan on a large war-bvesaran by the TNI on 19 December 1948 can not be implemented because of the impending attack of the Dutch. Who carried out the TNI since today is perintah siasat Panglima Besar namely organizing Universe diembani Guerrilla warfare by the military Pemerinath.

On this day, since morning, Republican Leader of the Government of yanga da fi palace in Yogya gather and sit under Pimpina President Sukarno. sidangs elesai then my head after da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH, prosperity minister, who was in Sumatra, was given powers by President Sukarno to form an emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PDRI) sui Sumatran, the mandate has been delivered through the radio and reads as follows:

MANDATE OF THE PRESIDENT TO

 Syafruddin Prawiranegara SH

We inform the President of the Republic of Indonesia on Sunday abhwa jqm 19.12.1948 06.00 am dutch seranggannya has begun on the capital of Yogyakarta. If the state Government can not run again kewajibannnya we depute to Mr. Syafruddin Prawiranegara, Minister of the Republic of Indonesia Prosperity for memebentuk Daruart Republican government in Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 desembver 1948

President Vice President Soekarno Hatta.

In addition to the above mandate issued to the Maramis SH, Minister of Finance who was outside Megeri and dr.Sudarmono in New Delhi as follows.

Prof. Dr. Sudarmono, Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

We are the President of the Republic of Indonesia memebrikan that on Sunday 19.12.1948 at 06.00 am on the Dutch had begun its attack on the capital city of Yogyakarta. If efforts Sjafruddin Butler State Emergency SH to form a government in Sumatra unsuccessful, kapada brothers Exulle Gouvernmen empowered to form the Republic of Indonesia in India. please be advised this is in connection with Sjafruddin in sumatra.jika relationship is not possible, please take the necessary action

Yogjakarta 19 december 1948

Vice President Mohammad Hatta, Agus Salim _Menteri Overseas.

Similarly, the President has expressed amanantnya as follows:

TRUSTEES OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

The beloved nation!

On this day December 19, 1948, at 06.00 am the Netherlands have begun with the attack on the city of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. with this action is evident that Belands tealh again start a colonial war to destroy the Government and the Republic of Indonesia so that they can re-colonize the entire country and the nation of Indonesia. We Setealh berusha months with all sincerity to resolve disputes nBelanda premises are suddenly their memebri not know in advance the appropriate use of a weapon that is on them to do their will with no mengindahkanadanya paksaaan by KTN in Yogyakarta, with no presence memperduluikan ceasefire agreement, they eliminated all possibilities to achieved a peace compromise . We believe , that the entire people of Indonesia and those are areas that are Republican or area occupied by the Dutch in unison will be standing behind a bunch of the republic of Indonesia to oppose any effort and in our mind that there are actions that violate this humanity. We know that the deeds of their weapons, the Dutch may be able to seize and occupy some of the important place, but no way they can break the spirit of our fight or shut = Indonesia’s national independence which we tealh insyafkan and maintain over the years.

We have our independence proclaimed on August 17, 1945 and ntealh pervasive in our souls, it is impossible dapatr suppressed with violence. Let my people, we defend the homeland and our independence with the strength of victory will surely believe in us. Isja gods.

Yogyakarta, 19 December 1948

President of the Republic of Indonesia

Sukarno

indonesian version:

Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 jam 05.30 pagi lapangan terbang Maguwo di bom oleh pesawat pembom Mitchell Belanda(B 25) yang segera diikuti dengan penerjunan satu batalion pasukan baret hijau yang ditugaskan untuk merebut lapang terbang Maguwo. Pada pagi hari ini bebrapa pesawat Belanda yang terdfiri dari pesawat Spitfire,Mustang,Lockheed dan Mitchell tampak melayang-layang diatas kota Djokja yang tak lama kemudian membuka serangan dengan menembaki dan menjatuhkan bom dibeberapa tempat. Di maguwo Belanda menerjunlan pasukan payungdengan tujuan merebut lapangan Maguwo.penduduk kota memang tidak menyhangka sama sekali bahwa ledakan serta tembakan itu adalah serangan serangan yang sesunguhnya, mereka menduga bahwa temabakan berat itu hanyalah latihan perang saja, karena pihak angkatan Perang RI telah merencanakan suatu latihanbesar-besara. setlah tembakan semaking menghebat dan bom semakin banyak yang dijatuhkan,barulah rakyat sadar. setelah korban mulai berjatuhan. Barulah mereka sadar vahw abelanda tealh melancarkan serangannya. Sekalipunkesatuan yang ada di maguwo terlalu kecil,namum perlawanan tetap diberikan di bawah pimpinan opsit piket Kasmiran,perlawan yang patriotik berlangsung dengan gagah berani dari jam 06.000 (AM) sampai 07.00 hingga akhirnya kadet udara kasmiran bersama lebih kurang 40 orang anggota kesatuannya gugur dimedan bakti. namum baru pada jam 08.00 seluruh lapangan maguwo berhasil dikuasai oleh Belanda,segera mereka membuka jembatan udara Semarang Djokja untuk menurunkan alat -alat Zeni berat dan alat transport bagi eprsiapan merebut Djokja. Sementara itu hubungan anatara pangkalan Maguwo Djokja terputus sehingga situasi tersebut tidak dapat diketahui sama sekali oleh pemimpi n RI yang berada dikota Djokja. Gerakan belanda dari maguwo ke kota Djokja dimuali sjak pagi hari dan jam 14.15 (PM) mereka baru tiba ditepi timur dan dari sini mereka berusaha menduduki kota. Gerakan mereka teridir dari gerakan kelompok dan setaip kelompok memepunyai tugas tertentu untuk selanjutnya mengisolir kota agar pasukan Republik Indonesia yang akan berusaha keluar kota dapat dicegah.

pada sat tentara belanda melancarkan afresi kolonialnya, segra Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman mengeluarkan perintah kilat :

PERINTAH KILAT NO I/PB/48

1.kita Telah diserang

2. Pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 Angkatan Perang belanda menyerang kota Yogyakarta dan Lapangan terbang Maguwo

3.Pemerintah belanda tealh membatalkan persetujuan gencatan senjata

4.Semua Angkatan Perang menjalankan rencana yang telah ditetapkan untuk menghadapi serangan Belanda

Dikeluarkan di Tempat,Tanggal 19 desember 1948,jam.08.00

Panglima Besar Angkatan Perang republik indonesia

Letnan Jenderal Sudirman.

Demikianlah perintah kilat Panglima Zbesar , dengan demikian rencana Latihan perang secara besar-bvesaran oleh TNI pada tanggal 19 desember 1948 tidak dapat dilaksanakan karena adanya serangan pihak belanda. Yang dilaksanakan TNI sejak hari ini adalah perintahsiasat Pamnglima Bsar yakni menyelenggarakan perang Gerilya Semesta yang diembani oleh Pemerinath militer.

Pada hari ini,sejak pagi Pemimpin Pemerintah Republik yanga da di yogya berkumpul fi istana dan bersidang dibawah pimpina presiden sukarno. sesudah sidangs elesai maka kepa da Sjagfruddin Prawiranegara SH,menteri kemakmuran, yang sedang berada di sumatera ,diberi kekuasaan oleh Presiden Sukarno untuk membentuk Pemerintahan darurat Republik Indonesia(PDRI) sui sumatra, mandat tersebut telah disampaikan melalu radio dan berbunyi sebagai berikut :

MANDAT PRESIDEN KEPADA SYAFRUDDIN PRAWIRANEGARA SH

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memberitahukan abhwa pada hari Minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jqm 06.00 pagi belanda telah muali seranggannya atas ibukota Yogyakarta. Jika dalam keadaan Pemerintah tidak dapat menjalankan kewajibannnya lagi kami menguasakan kepada Mr Syafruddin Prawiranegara ,Menteri Kemakmuran Republik Indonesia untuk memebentuk pemerintah Republik Daruart di Sumatra.

Yogyakarta 19 Desembver 1948

Presiden Soekarno Wakil Presiden Hatta.

Selain mengeluarkan mandat tersebut diatas kepada Maramis SH,menteri Keuangan yang sedang berada diluar Megeri dan dr.Sudarmono di new Delhi sebagai berikut.

Prof. Dr Sudarmono,Plar, Mr Maramis.New delhi

Kami Presiden Republik Indonesia memebrikan bahwa pada hari minggu tanggal 19.12.1948 jam 06.00 pagi Belanda telah mulai serangannya atas Ibu Kota Yogjakarta. Jika ikhtiar Sjafruddin Prawira Negara SH untuk membentuk Pemerintah Darurat di sumatra tidak berhasil, kapada saudara-saudara dikuasakan untuk membentuk Exulle Gouvernmen Republik Indonesia di India. harap maklum hal ini berhubung dengan Sjafruddin di sumatra.jika hubungan tidak mungkin,harap diambil tindakan seperlunya

Yogjakarta 19 desember 1948

Wakil Presiden Moh Hatta _Menteri Luar negeri Agus Salim.

Demikian pula Presiden RI telah menyampaikan amanantnya sebagai berikut:

AMANAT PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

Bangsaku Yang tercinta !!!

Pada hari ini tanggal 19 Desember 1948,pada jam 06.00 pagi

Belanda telah mulai dengan serangan atas kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya . dengan tindakan ini nyata bahwa Belands tealh memuali lagi perang kolonialnya untuk menghancurkan Pemerintah dan negara Republik Indonesia agar mereka dapat menjajah kembali seluruh tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia.

Setelah kita berbulan-bulan berusaha dengan segala ketulusan hati untuk menyelesaikan pertikaian denga nBelanda secara sekonyong-konyong mereka dengan tidak memebri tahu lebih dahulu mempergunakan alat senjata yang ada pada mereka untuk melakukan kehendak mereka dengan paksaaan dengan tidak mengindahkanadanya KTN di Yogyakarta, dengan tidak memperduluikan adanya perjanjian gencatan senjata, mereka telah meniadakan segala kemungkinan untuk mencapai penyeledsaian secara damaui.

Kami percaya,bahwa seluruh rakyat Indonesia maupun yang berada didaerah Republik ataupun yang berada didaerah yang diduduki Belanda serentak akan berdiri dibelakang republik Indonesia untuk menentang sengan segala tenaga dan batin yang ada pada kita tindakan yang melanggar    perikemanusiaan ini.

Kami mengetahui,bahwa dengan perbuatan senjata mereka, belanda mungkin akan dapat merebut dan menduduki beberapa tempat yang penting, akan tetapi tidak mungkin mereka dapat mematahkan semangat perjuangan kita atau mengurung =kan kemerdekaaan bangsa Indonesia yang tealh kita insyafkan dan pertahankan selama ini.

Kemerdekaan kita yang telah kita Proklamirkan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 dan telah meresap pada jiwa kita,mustahil dapatr ditindas dengan kekerasan. Marilah bangsaku,kita pertahankan tanah air dan kemerdekaan kita dengan segala tenaga yang ada percayalah kemenangan pasti akan pada kita .Isja allah.

Yogyakarta,19 desember 1948

Presiden republik Indonesia

Sukarno

(d) DECEMBER, 19TH.1948

Master Tapanuli IN THE NETHERLANDS

DUTCH TO AGGRESSION – II

1) The Netherlands carried out the attack to Sibolga both from the Sea, Army and Air Sibolga and eventually fell into the hands of the Dutch Army, with the entry into the Dutch Army Dutch Army menghempang Sibolga for the MAS KADIRAN with MBK Tapanuli Forces based in Padang Sidempuan leading to the Bridge Trunk Toru, The Netherlands Army continued to advance to the Padang Sidempuan but in Batang Toru Bridge in the Dutch Army Forces Prevent by MBK, then there was a very fierce battle, with the assistance of the Dutch Army aircraft may eventually repelling forces MBK Tapanuli to P. Sidempuan.

2) After the Batang Toru grab the next in the Japanese Army bombed the city with two P. Sidempuan Force Aircraft and MAS Chairman MBK Tapanuli KADIRAN on the pull back to Penyabungan and some survive in Kampung Pijor Koling battle in Pijor Koling loss Padang Besar and finally Sidempuan fall into the hands of the Dutch Army.

ASSAULT regained SIDEMPUAN PADANG CITY

With the fall of the City of P. Sidempuan into the hands of the Dutch Army in Kampung Goti Defense held talks back to seize the city of Padang Sidempuan. So-I MMB Forces SUMATRA Forces Leadership and MBK Iptu Ibn Tapanuli KADIRAN and MAS Chairman Brigade FORCES CAPTAIN ROBINSON-B Leader Battle Hutapea held for 3 days in the City of P. Sidempuan and eventually can reclaim. After the city can seize P. Sidempuan Japanese Army retreated to the Batang Toru, but only 6 hours in control suddenly appear 2 Aircraft fired the city and attack back P. Sidempuan is getting help from Sibolga and ultimately the City P. Sidempuan can Movement controlled by another Dutch soldier in the Netherlands can no longer stand MBK Forces Tapanuli and MBB-I Sumatera and brigade-B Company and the Indonesian Navy continues to retreat from the village of Goti – Pijor Koling – Door to Kampung Padang Huraba and survive in the Village and Village Huraba Huraba called by FORT HURABA

During Operation Kraai,

a Dutch-led offensive on the city of Yogyakarta on 19 December 1948, Maria Ulfa santoso  husband was killed outside Maguwo.[1]

 

 

 

In the beginning of 1946

the basis of a new commando parachutist unit was formed by a part of the disbanded No2 (Dutch) Troop and the Korps Insulinde. The Depot Speciale Troepen (green berets), the School Opleiding Parachutisten (red berets), and later the 1st Parachutist company arose independently.

In 1948

 The Depot Speciale Troepen was renamed Korps Speciale Troepen. In those days these units executed a number of short missions against the Indonesian republicans and a large-scale operation at Celebes



DJOKJAKARTA

In December 1948, when the military and the political situation deteriorated drastically, the government ordered to conduct the second  Politional Action.

 

 

 

 

 

Aerial photo of Dutch parachutes and cargo planes at Maguwo Airport near Jogjakarta
after Dutch paratroopers and regular troops attacked the nationalist position there – December 19, 1948

 

On 19 December 1948

Dutch commando parachutists were the first, by launching a spectacular airborne operation, at the republican capital Djokjakarta. The entire Indonesian republican government, including President Soekarno, was captured.

19 December 1948
Second Police Action to capture Jogjakarta

 

I

The Dutch launched a second “police action”
that captured Jogjakarta on December 19, 1948

 

Sukarno, Hatta, and other republican leaders were arrested and
exiled to northern Sumatra on the island of Bangka.

 

(e)The Rice Coupon(Bon Beras0 Of The South sumatar republic gouvernment issue under orde GSS 19.12.48, the value of coupon 5 kg rice. ,sign by the command Colonel M.simbolon, look the coupon and  profile picture of Colonel M.Simbolon below.

 

 

 

December, 20th.1948

Tanggal 20 Desember 1948 pagi,

didapat perintah supaya markas Mobbrig Sumatera Barat di Birugo, Bukittinggi (sekarang: kompleks di belakang SMA Negeri No.2) di-pindahkan ke Jirek (pada