The Chinese Imperial Ceramic Artwork Found In Indonesia (continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

PART III. STUDIES RESULTS

 

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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Mot1f Peony

Motif Symbol Love and marriage

4) Peony Flower Tan Mou

 

 

Yuan peony flower symbol motif palte

Peony  croll

compare literatures

 

Motif Flora  Scroll Peony

Medallion 1339

 

This RARE and magnificent medallion is cut from a 51 cm diameter kraak plate. The motif include a basket with the Chinese scroll, peony and chrysanthemums. These motifs symbolize spring time and express wishes for prosperity and a long life. By placing these motifs inside a fence, the artist wish inner peace. The medallion was split in two but are now joined and the split is near impossible to see. It stretch from  about2 o’clock to about 5 o’clock. So it only cover a small part of the right side. There are now only two medallions of this size and quality available.

Size: 30 cm Motif Flora Fungus Liangcao

 

 

 

This fungus bowl belongs to the ‘best available’ group of ceramic artefacts from the Wanli shipwreck site. It shows a series of fungus liangcao motifs. This plant is a rare Chinese herbal medicine reputed as “elixir of life”. The bowl is totally intact with little ‘tender edges’along the rim. The glaze is in a very good glossy condition and the resonance of the bowl is very high pitch.

Motif  Flora Peony

 

This center medallion shows a  peony flower which symbolizes spring time. The medallion have a full, glazed foot. This medallion was cut from a 20 cm large flower bowl.

Size: 11.5cm diameter

Motif Flora Peony Flower

rial Mark Cenghua

Lion dog  with peony flower symbol motifbowl

This lion dog  with peony flower symbol motif  bowl is from the best available group and feature one of the best-known Ming dynast motifs: ‘Lion piecing through peony scrolls’. The cobalt blue decoration is rich, contrasty, well-rendered and stands out in contrast to the white background. The bowl is totally intact and has a think, satin glaze covering. Resonance whe tapped is very high pitch which suggest good quality clay and high firing temperature. There is very little ‘tender edges’ along the rim. The base show the (apocryphal), six character mark; “Chenghua Nian Zhi” (Made during the Chenghua reign of the Great Ming dynasty) (1464-1487). .   Size: 21.5 cm diameter

Motif Flora

Flora Peony flower

 

Flower bowl W-6009 is intact and in an overall good condition.  Resonance is very good which confirms proper firing temperature and good quality clay. The base is glazed and show the (apocryphal) reign mark of emperor Chenghua whom ruled China between 1464 – 1487.

The Chinese Imperial Ceramic Artwork motif found in Indonesia(continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

PART III. STUDIES RESULTS

 

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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Special For Senior Reseacher And Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

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Motif pine tree

 

Late Ming pine  tree motif  longlife  big bowl

https://driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/pameran-keramik-langka-ming-swatowexhibition/

 

Object statement

Dish, porcelain, Swatow, Ming Dynasty, China, early 17th century

The Significance Statement summarises why an object is important and places it in a social and cultural context. An object may be significant for various reasons, including: historical use, rarity, design/aesthetics, new technology or changes in society. Statement of significance

This blue and white Swatow dish depicts longevity motifs including sun, pine trees, rocks and antelope. It has six floral medallions amongst a fish scale design on the flat rim, kiln grit to base.

 

Swatow ware or Swatow is a group of late Ming Dynasty exports ware from China to Japan, India and other Southeast Asian countries. Swatow is a name of a port on the South China (now Shantou) on the northern coast of the Guangdong region. So far the kilns where these have not been identified, but possible places of manufacture include Te-hua or Chuan-chou (Fukien) and Shihwan(Canton).

 

Swatow ware is generally coarse, crudely potted and often under fired. Decoration in blue and white is by far most common, although many polychrome wares, mainly with iron red and green over glaze decorations, are known.

this collection were collected in Jakarta betweeen 1968 and 1976. The collection is a good representation of trade wares in Southeast Asia and reflects the development of the ceramic industry and trade within the Asian regions during the thirteenth century and seventeenth century. This  ceramic ware was probably exported to Indonesia via a sea trade route when Thailand became deeply involved in the long-distance ceramic trade.

Motif) longevity Symbol

3) Pine Tree

 

 

 

 

Motif Bamboo Tree

 

late qing Bamboo tree symbol motif tea cup with cover

 

Motif) longevity Symbol

5) bamboo tree

FRUIT AND FLOWER  GOOD FORTUNR LUCKY SYMBOL
1) Yuan  Flowers Fruit Plum  symbols facilitate LUCK Good Fortune

 


4) Qing Orchid Flower  symbols epitome of perfection

 

Qing Batavian beown Ware with Orchid symbol motif


5) citrus fruit brings many blessings

 

kendi (ritual water sprinkler), early 1600s China, Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
Wanli period (1573-1620)
porcelain, underglaze
 with cirus symbol motif

 

The Chinese Imperial ceramic Artwork Symbols Motif found In Indonesia(continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

PART III. STUDIES RESULTS

 

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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3.6.3

 Landscape motif

 

 

Qing Imperial Landscape Stampcup

 

Late Ming landscape with  euro trading ship and stupa temple motif plate with other motif below

Foreign ship( VOC,EIC or Portugeus?) in the sea-gulf (where? may be Old Bantam port , but in hat area no stupa)

 

Native fisherman ship

 

 

Local people with their ship went to the foreign bigger ship at the gulf (where?)

 

 

The landscape at the beach of the gulf ,look at the traditional fisherman trap.at the rim of the soucers.

 

Dutch Indie Company (VOC) Port

 Old Dutch VOC Tiles with Voc fort landscape

 

 

 

Late Ming landscape plate (may be Karanghantu port Banten lama where this plate was found)

 sorry the illustration of below motif didnot upload

Qing landscape motif Sansui plate 

Qing landscape with figure portueuos  and chinaese

Compare with literatures info

Motif  Landscape

A kraak plate medallion of good quality. The motifs included are the bird, the rock, flower arrangement and the moon all set in a seascape setting. These motifs suggest early morning and start of new life. The theme is also know to the Chinese as chun guang chang shou which also refers to ‘spring time and longevity’ All together, this theme connotes the blessing for vibrant youth, healthiness and long life   This medallion is painted in crispy blue cobalt with the motifs well executed.

 

RARE bell cup from the Wanli (c.1625) shipwreck in good condition. There is however a fine, short hairline and some small fills to the handles. Resonance when tapped is very good. The base show a apocryphal six character

(Chenghua Nian Zao) reign mark of emperor Chenghua (1464-1487).

 

Landscape motif bowl  from the Wanli (c.1625) shipwreck. These dishes

are likely to have been made at the Guanyinge kiln complex,

Jingdezhen, China, where similar production waster has been found. The main decorative motif; the bird on a rock, the flower arrangement and being surrounded by various emblems on the cavetto, represent the popular ‘spring time and longevity’ motif which was popular during the Ming dynasty. The motif of a lantern and tassel represents joy and festivities to the Chinese. A lantern is often given as a auspicious gift at weddings and play an important role in social and religious life.

 

Throughout the history of art in China, decorative motifs were applied not exclusively for their aesthetic value but also their symbolic implications.  Daoism, the main religious philosophy of the time, dwelled on issues of harmony of man and the universe. Images of nature were widely featured during this period.

The natural world is celebrated with images of peonies signifying spring, the lotus for summer, the Chrysanthemum for autumn and Prunus for winter.  Landscapes depicted on porcelain are inhabited by deer, birds, butterflies and crickets.  There is also a fondness for highly symbolic images of dragons, phoenix and cranes.

Favorites in the Daoist pantheon are the Eight Immortals. The eight-paneled kraak plates (with scalloped flat rims) are decorated with images of motifs traditionally associated with the Immortals – fans, castanets, fly whisk and the double gourd bottle. Buddhist symbols such as sacred scrolls, the Swastika and the Artemisia leaf are also featured.

About apocryphal marks:

 

The 17 th century Portuguese and Dutch buyers required porcelain wares to have markings of some kind in the base. A letter from the Dutch headquarters in Batavia to their office in Taiwan request in 1610:  “It should be seen to that all these afore-noted kinds of porcelain have under the bottom a blue seal, for about this they (the buyers) are very particular.”

 

Since the decorators were not allowed to paint the present emperors reign mark on export wares, they painted the mark of an previous emperor. Such marks are very common and always indicating and earlier production time.  The present emperors’ reign mark could only be applied to imperial wares ordered by the palace

 

The Chinese Imperial ceramic artwork symbol motif found in Indonesia(continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART THREE

PART III. STUDIES RESULTS

 

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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Special For Senior Reseacher And Collectors

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Other good Fortune Motif

 

Pumkin Symbol Motif

Yixing Pumkin symbol motif tea pot

MOTIF SYMBOL OF WEALTH AND SUCCESS
1). COINS CHINA

 Photo: late qing chinese coin wealthy symbol motif cover box collection Driwan

LATE QING  COIN MOTIF  COVER BOX
2) Vase Wealty Motif

 

 

Lte Ming Dragon Vase motif protection and wealthy
8) pumpkins symbol motif

 

MOTIF PROTECTION SYMBOL

Photo: Guardian Plate Mo Li Ching  easr king of heaven motif collection Driwan

 Pat Kua with Eastren  Heaven God  Mo Li ching Motif Metal Plate

9) anti Sandalwood Fan negative energy

10) singing bowl

 Photo: eight buddish symbols at early ming cup part of my collections whic upload at my web hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Early ming eight Buddhist Emblem Symbol Motif singing bowl to clear the area

(the bowl will singing when we knock because the best  high fire kiln porcealin )

The End Of Part III

 

The Motif Of Chinese Ceramic Artwork Found In Indonesia(continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART FOUR

CONCLUSIONS AND FINAL

 

Ming De Hua Horse Motif saucer

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

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Restored Yuan red In Glazed Chrysanthenum motif vase yuhunchupping Kendi Labu

4.1.CONCLUSIONS

 

Tang  flower  early motif plate

4.1.1

 

Ming Vase

4.1.1

Chinese artwork Empire period ranging from 4000 years BC Shang Dynasty until the year 1900 AD Qing Dynasty, the artists and the Chinese people have created very high-quality art with a variety of motifs associated with tardisi and religious in the ancestral homeland of the ethnic Chinese Indonesian

Chinese artwork Empire period ranging from 4000 years BC Shang Dynasty until the year 1900 AD Qing Dynasty, the artists and the Chinese people have created very high-quality art with a variety of motifs associated with tardisi and religious in the ancestral homeland of the ethnic Chinese Indonesian

Original info

Karya seni Tiongkok masa Kerajaan  mulai dari  4000 tahun sebelum masehi  Dinasti Shang sampai  1900 tahun sesudah masehi Dinasti Qing, para artis dan rakyat Tiongkok telah menciptakan benda seni  bermutu sangat tinggi dengan berbagai motif yang berhubungan dengan tardisi dan religious di tanah air leluhur etnis Tionghoa Indonesia

 

4.1.2

Chinese artwork in exports and carried by an ancestor of Chinese ethnicity in Indonesia as well as the Emperor of China to its friends Gifts kings in Indonesia has been compiled by Dr Iwan Suwandy, MHaA for forty years from all over homeland Indonesia, especially in Sumatra, Java, Borneo , Sulawesi and Maluku .

This private Collections has provided enough material to study the meaning of the meaning and function of luck motives stated in the artwork

This collection is the most widely form of Ceramics, and some other types of small works of art such as painting, embroidery, wood carving, copper, tin, and silver.

 

Late Qing Palm  Motif Bigger Jar Martavan

Original info

Karya seni Tiongkok yang di ekspor  dan dibawa oleh leluhur ethnis Tionghoa ke Indonesia serta Hadiah Kaisar Tiongkok kepada  sahabatnya para raja Di Indonesia  telah dikumpulkan oleh Dr Iwan suwandy,MHaA selama empat puluh tahun dari seluruh penjuru Tanah Air Indonesia khususnya di Pulau Sumatera ,Jawa ,Kalimantan ,Sulawesi dan Maluku

Koleksi pribadi ini  telah memberikan cukup bahan untuk diteliti makna arti dan fungsi keberuntungan motif yang tertera didalam karya seni tersebut.

Koleksi ini paling banyak berupa Keramik, dan sebagian kecil karya seni jenis lain seperti lukisan, sulaman, ukiran kayu ,tembaga,timah,dan perak.

4.1.3

Analysis of the royal collections of Chinese art motifs found in Indonesia that has been collected on the basis of information obtained from multiple Literatures that have been studied.

Fairly complete bibliography is available making it easier to identify, and also literure provide complete information about perdaganagn ceramics from China to Southeast Asia and Europe including Indonesia with a complete and detailed history of the Han dynasty until Qing


Clear illustration can use  for identification and comparison studies (studies compoarative)

 

Old Tiles Dutch VOC trading ship motif

 

 

Original Info

Analisis  koleksi  motif  benda seni  kerajaan Tiongkok yang ditemukan di Indonesia ini yang telah dikumpulkan  berdasarkan informasi yang diperoleh dari beberapa kepustaaan yang telah dikaji.

 Shipwrecks, Ceramics, and the History of Chinese and Southeast Asian Trade

ceramic found  from Shipwreck report

source

 http://www.international.ucla.edu/asia/news/article.asp?parentid=16359

Kepustakaan cukup lengkap tersedia sehingga memudahkan untuk identifikasi, dan juga literure memberikan informasi yang lengkap mengenai perdaganagn keramik dari Tiongkok ke Asia tenggara dan eropa termasuk Indonesia lengkap dengan sejarah dan terperinci dari dinasti Han sampai Qing

Ilustrasi yang jelas dapat digunakan untuk identifikasi dan kajian perbandingan(compoarative studies)

THIS THE SAMPLE OF Dr Iwan Limited E-Book In CD-Rom with unedited non complete info illustration, the complete CD-Rom exist but only for premium member please subscribe via comment with your email address and private information same as  your ID-Card

to be continiu

 

The Motif Of Chinese Ceramic Artwork Found In Indonesia (continiu)

THE ART MOTIF OF CHINA IMPERIAL CERAMIC FOUND IN INDONESIA

PART FOUR

CONCLUSIONS AND FINAL

 

Ming De Hua Horse Motif saucer

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy , MHA

Private Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Special For Senior Reseacher And Collectors

Copyright @ 2013

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4.1.4

Analisisis meaning of the meaning and function of luck royal Chinese art motifs found in Indonesia is peneletian the world’s first ever reported in detail,
during the archaeological research and other studies reported the type of artwork and motifs in a simple form, and there are detailed but not equipped with a collection of original illustrations sketched shape is generally less clear and the information is general or just on one site alone

 

 

Antique Cupboart with Chinese Imperial Ceramic Collections at Driwancybermuseum home office galery

 

Original info

Analisisis makna arti dan fungsi keberuntungan dari motif benda seni kerajaan Tiongkok  yang ditemukan di Indonesia  ini merupakan peneletian pertama yang pernah dilaporkan didunia secara terperinci,

selama ini penelitian arkeologis dan penelitian karya seni lainnya melaporkan tipe bentuk dan motif secara sederhana, dan ada yang terperinci tetapi tidak dilengkapi dengan ilustrasi koleksi yang asli umumnya berbentuk sketsa yang kurang jelas dan informasi bersifat umum atau hanya pada satu situs saja.

4.1.5

Research objectives have been achieved due to the current study produced clear information complete with illustrations so as to:

 

Ming Imperial Hsuan De Chrysanthenum motif  cup

Original Info

Tujuan penelitian telah dapat dicapai karena dengan  penelitian ini menghasilkan  informasi yang jelas lengkap dengan ilustrasinya sehingga mampu :

 

Uncover mystery and a sense of meaning kberuntungan royal Chinese art motifs
Meaning both religious and traditional motifs prevailing culture and our country in the long period of five thousand years of good hamier  BC until 1900 AD portrait

 

 

Yuan Cock Zodiac motif cup

Original info

a.Mengungkap misteri makna arti dan kberuntungan motif benda seni kerajaan Tiongkok

 

Late Ming Chillin Guardian and Fish wealty motif cup

https://driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/pameran-keramik-langka-ming-swatowexhibition/

Arti motif traditional baik religious maupun kebudayaan yang berlaku di negeri Tiongkok dalam kurun waktu yang cukup lama hamier lima ribu tahun baik sebelum masehi sampai tahun 1900 sesudah masehi mengambarkan

a) how the ancestors of Chinese ethnicity that still maintain their culture which   respect for God Superpower, they also respect  the saints, scientists, teachers, parents and their friends

 

Ming  Chinese Human Figure plateOriginal info

a)betapa leluhur dan kebudayaan mereka  yang sangat menghormati Tuhan yang MahaKuasa, juga mereka menghormati  para orang suci , para ilmuwan , guru  ,orang tua dan sahabat mereka .

b) Ethnic Chinese still maintain ancestral traditions of art and culture, as reflected in their art objects Milki with motifs related to their love of God Almighty in the form of Notices of the universe with the beautiful scenery, and a sense of God’s creatures kecintaaan to other flora and faunan described what benefits and fortune associated with nature and the creatures.

 

 

Late Ming landscape motif stemcup

original info

b) Etnis Tionghoa tetap mempertahankan seni kebudajaan dan tradisi leluhurnya yang tercermin dari benda seni yang mereka milki dengan  motif yang berhubungan dengan kecintaan mereka kepada Cipta Tuhan Yang Mahakuasa berupa  alam semesta dengan pemandangannya yang Indah, serta rasa kecintaaan kepada mahluk ciptaan Tuhan lain baik flora maupun faunan yang digambarkan manfaat dan keberuntungan apa yang terkait dengan alam dan mahluk tersebut.

 

c).

That all ethnic groups in Indonesia and in the world to understand the meaning and significance of the relationship with luck Chinese royal art motifs, researchers will present some results of this research on his web blog, and for those who want to learn entuk fully provided in the CD-Rom which can be ordered through the comments on the web blog

After understanding the meaning of the royal art motif is expected that all ethnic Chinese Indonesian nation and the nations of the world can communicate with other Indonesian ethnic Chinese well and smoothly
All ethnic in Indonesia and in the world after understanding the meaning of the meaning and function of art motif luck tardisi Chinese culture and will certainly add a sense of camaraderie and can understand kenudayaan and traditions prevailing in the ethnic Chinese

 

Qing euro ship landscape motif plate

Original info

Agar seluruh etnis di Indonesia dan didunia  memahami makna arti dan  hubungan  dengan keberuntungan  dari motif benda seni kerajaan Tiongkok, peneliti akan menampilkan sebagian hasil penelitian ini di web blog miliknya, dan bagi yang ingin mempelajarinya secara lengkap disediakan dalam entuk CD-Rom yang dapat dipesan liwat komentar di web blog tersebut.

 

Ming Cheng de Arabic Islamic Calligraphy Motif plate

https://driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com/2010/10/18/pameran-koleksi-ming-tengah-yang-ditemui-di-indonesia/

Setelah memahami makna motif benda seni kerajaan Tiongkok diharapkan  agar seluruh etnis Bangsa Indonesia serta bangsa di dunia lainnya dapat berkomunikasi dengan etnis Tionghoa Indonesia dengan baik dan lancer

Seluruh etnis di Indonesia dan di dunia setelah memahami  makna arti dan fungsi keberuntungan motif benda seni kebudayaan dan tardisi Tionghoa  tentunya akan  menambah rasa persahabatan dan dapat memaklumi kenudayaan dan tradisi yang berlaku pada etnis Tionghoa.

Late ming Dehua baby  smile  figure motif/

d)

By understanding the meaning of the meaning of the art of Chinese ethnic cultures in Indonesia, especially from the aspect of art can be prevented onset of the negative effect so coexistence is achieved peaceful coexistence, happy and of course in accordance with Chinese calligraphy meaning most often found in art objects “Shou” which means always accomplished live happy, healthy, long life and a lot of luck.
This ultimate goal can be achieved because by understanding the meaning of the meaning and function of luck, other ethnicities will certainly also enjoy good luck with Respect God Almighty, and loves His creation and sustainment creatures living universe

 

Ming Kui Xing sciencest God  Demon Figur  motif  saucers

 

Late ming  Fish change to fragon when enter the heaven gate motif plate

original info

Dengan memahami makna arti seni kebudayaan etnis tionghoa Indonesia khususnya dari aspek benda seni dapat dicegah timbulnya efek negative  dalam hidup berdampingan sehingga dicapai hidup berdampingan dengan damai , bahagia serta tentunya sesuai dengan arti kaligrafi Tionghoa yang paling sering ditemukan pada benda seni “Shou” yang berarti senantiasa dicapai hidup berbahagia, sehat , panjang umur dan banyak rezeki  .

 

lateming calligraphy chinese Shou longevity motif plate

Tujuan akhir ini dapat dicapai karena dengan memahami makna arti dan fungsi keberuntungan  tersebut ,  etnis lainnya tentunya akan dapat pula  menikmati keberuntungan   dengan Menghormati Tuhan Yang Mahakuasa,dan mencintai Mahluk ciptaanNYA serta memelihara kelestarian hidup  alam semesta.

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF OBJECTS OF ART COLLECTION OF THE KINGDOM OF CHINA

DAFTAR KOLEKSI BENDA SENI KERAJAAN TIONGKOK YANG DITELITI

 

REFERENCESPKEPUSTAKAAN

compare with

 The  Resent Archeologic findings in The world

Berbagai Penemuan Arkeologi DALAM BEBERAPA TAHUN TERAKHIR
Dari patung penjaga gerbang kota, kota yang baru ditemukan, koin emas, serta cap kuno, inilah kumpulan foto berbagai penemuan arkeologi dan reruntuhan bersejarah.

 

Patung yang baru digali setinggi 1,5 meter yang mungkin mewakili sosok Raja Neo-Hittite. (Foto: LiveScience/Jennifer Jackson)

 

 

 

Patung singa berukuran sama seperti singa asli ditemukan di kota Karakiz, Turki. Patung ini kemungkinan berusia 3200 tahun dari masa Kekaisaran Hittite.

 Kaca, batu penggiling dan fragmen cangkang hewan laut ditemukan di area penguburan di situs arkeologi Atzompa, di negara bagian Oaxaca, Meksiko, terlihat di foto yang dirilis oleh National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) pada 18 Juli 2012. Kompleks kuburan yang terdiri dari tiga makam ditemukan di situs pra-Hispanik Atzompa di Oaxaca. Kompleks ini diperkirakan berusia 1100 tahun dan penting karena terletak di dalam gedung yang dirancang untuk menampung beberapa makam sekaligus secara vertikal, saling bertumpuk dan tidak terkubur. 

 Potongan artefak arkeologi yang ditemukan Pemerintah Guatemala di Guatemala City 13 Juni 2012. Ada 440 potong yang ditemukan pada 2008 setelah dijual ke sebuah toko antik di Chichicastenango, di daerah Quiche, utara Guatemala.

 Orang-orang berdiri di dekat tulang mammoth, yang ditemukan di dasar sungai kering di kawasan Manuel Doblado, di negara bagian Guanajuato, Meksiko, 12 Juni 2012.

 Koin emas dan kendi keramik ditemukan di reruntuhan Arsuf, 15 km dari Tel Aviv, 9 Juli 2012. Koin emas berusia 1000 tahun ini ditemukan di salah satu tempat terjadinya Perang Salib.
 

 

 Ruang penguburan di situs Atzompa, negara bagian Oaxaca, Meksiko, 18 Juli 2012.

 Ruang pemakaman di situs Atzompa, negara bagian Oaxaca.
 

 

 Ruang pemakaman di situs Atzompa, negara bagian Oaxaca, Meksiko.

 Koin emas berusia 1000 tahun yang ditemukan di salah satu lokasi Perang Salib, Tel Aviv 9 Juli 2012.

 Artifak arkeologi yang dipajang oleh pemerintah Guatemala di Guatemala City 13 Juni 2012. Menurut pemerintah ada 440 artifak bersejarah yang ditemukan pada 2008 setelah sempat dijual ke sebuah toko antik.

 Gading mammoth di dasar sungai kering di Manuel Doblado, negara bagian Guanajuato, Meksiko, 12 Juni 2012.

 Biara Sednaya yang dibangun 547 M di utara Damaskus, Syria, 31 Januari 2012.

 Seorang arkeolog bekerja di sisi tengkorak di pekuburan massal di Gerena, Seville, selatan Spanyol, 24 Januari 2012. Kira-kira ada 17 wanita yang dikubur di sini saat Perang Saudara Spanyol pada 1936 atau 1937.

 Seorang aktor mengenakan baju kaisar dinasti Qing dalam persiapan upacara doa Dinasti Qing di Kuil Bumi, Beijing 22 Januari 2012.

 Bagian dalam kapal selam H.L. Hunley, 12 Januari 2012.

 Kapal selam era Perang Saudara H.L. Hunley di Warren Lasch Conservation Center di Clemson University, North Charleston, South Carolina, 12 Januari 2012. Hunley adalah kapal selam pertama dunia yang menenggelamkan kapal lawan.

 Pemandangan Leptis Magna, Situs Warisan Dunia UNESCO di pantai Mediterania Afrika Utara, sekitar 120 km timur Tripoli, 8 November 2011. Libya adalah salah satu pos Romawi Kuno sekitar abad pertama Masehi. Seorang kaisar Roma, Septimius Severus, lahir di Leptis Magna, yang kini menjadi kota Khoms, di Libya. Sebagian besar kota Libya itu menjadi kota modern Roma, dan sebagian besar warisannya masih terlihat.

 Seorang pria berjalan dengan penerangan di dolmen La Pastora di Valencina de la Concepcion, dekat Seville, 14 Oktober 2011. Ruang penguburan pra-sejarah Spanyol ini selamat dari penyerangan, perang, diktator, dan gelembung properti.

 Tangga benteng Nahargarh di Jaipur, ibu kota negara bagian Rajasthan, 23 Januari 2012.

 Pasangan berjalan di depan Red Fort yang bersejarah di tengah kabut dan pagi yang dingin di kota tua Delhi, 3 Januari 2012.

 Arkeolog Israel Eli Shukron menunjukkan cap kuno di Yerusalem, 25 Desember 2011. Cap tanah liat berusia 2000 tahun ini mengonfirmasikan adanya ritual yang dilakukan di tempat ibadah orang Yahudi.

 Seorang anggota suku tradisional duduk di atap bangunan bersejarah kastil Radda, sekitar 170 km tenggara ibu kota Yemen, Sanaa, 25 Januari 2012.

 Salah satu kuil kecil di kompleks kuil Yonghegong Lama di Beijing tengah, 2 Januari 2012.

 

 

 Matahari terbit di Stonehenge di Salisbury di Inggris selatan, 22 December 2011.
 

 

 Kastil bersejarah Radda yang dikuasai militan Al Qaeda tenggara ibu kota Yemen, Sanaa, 15 Januari 2012.
 

 

 Tablet tanah liar dari era Sumeria ditampilkan di Kementerian Luar Negeri Irak di Baghdad, 30 Januari 2012.

 

Pegawai memeriksa artifak di Kementerian Luar Negeri Irak di Baghdad 30 Januari 2012. Vas emas Sumeria berusia 6500 tahun, kepala kapak perang Sumeria dan batu dari istana Assyria adalah 45 relik yang dikembalikan ke Irak oleh pemerintah Jerman.

 

Arloji saku dari RMS Titanic.

 

Seorang wanita berdiri di bukit Filopappou di seberang kuil Parthenon di Athena 19 Januari 2012.

 

 Turis berjalan di depan teater kuno Herodes Atticus di Acropolis, Athena 28 November 2011.

 Sepasang teropong ditemukan dari RMS Titanic pada pameran pelelangan Titanic di Guernsey’s Auction House di New York, 5 Januari 2012.

Spesialis Afghan menunjukkan pahatan kuno pra-Islam yang dikembalikan ke Afghanistan di Afghan National Museum di Kabul 30 Januari 2012.

 Bagian dari kota kuno Ptolemais dekat kota Ad Dirsiyah, sekitar 100 km timur Benghazi, Libya, 27 Januari 2012.

Pintu masuk ke sebuah fasilitas penyimpanan air di bawah kota kuno Ptolemais, dekat kota Ad Dirsiyah, sekitar 100 km timur Benghazi 27 Januari 2012. Kota kuno ini diperkirakan dibangun pada 700 SM, dan terkenal pada kekaisaran Ptolemik. Kota ini kemudian menjadi ibu kota salah satu provinsi Roma Creta et Cyrenaica, yang kini menjadi pesisir timur Libya
 

Jakarta , Juni.2013

ResearcherPeneliti

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

The Euro World War II History Collections 1939 Continued

The Euro world War II History Collections

Part October  1939

(continued)

Created By

Dr Iwan suwandy,MHA

Private Limited E-book In CD-Rom edition

Special for Senior Collectors

Copyright@2013

 Octoner  1939

6 October 1939


In Berlin…

In a major speech to the Reichstag, Hitler speaks of his desire for peace with Britain and France. Hitler says that up to now he has done nothing more than correct the unjust Versailles Treaty and that he has no war aims against France or Britain. He blames warmongers like

Churchill

for the present state of affairs and calls for a European conference to meet and resolve the few remaining differences.

 

Germany Reichtag Pamtzer in October,6th.1939

 

German and USSR divided in October,6th.1949
In Poland… The last remnants of the Polish Army, some 8,000 men, surrender to German forces at ****, in southeastern Poland.

In Finland… The Finns mobilize their standing military forces.

6th : Polish resistance in the Polish September Campaign comes to an end.

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