DEI HISTORY COLLECTION PRE 1911 PART THREE

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1819
In the War of 1819 the first Palembang,

the fort was tested by cannon shells Dutch corvette, but not one bullet that can penetrate both walls and doors. Due to run out of bullets and gunpowder, then the Dutch fleet escaped to Batavia. From this was born the phrase, which states that work for nothing, because it does not bring results: ration runs out, no ne of Palembang, means the act or attempt that did not give results, only brought loss and fatigue sernata. This event is written with great charm in Menteng War poem or a poem also called the War of Palembang.

In addition to beautiful and sturdy, Kuto Besak is located in strategic places, namely in the fields like floating on the water. She lies on the “island”, ie the area surrounded by the Musi River (in the front or south), in the western part limited by Sekanak River, bounded on the east Tengkuruk River and behind, or the northern part limited by Kapuran River. This area is called Land of the Palace.

 

Figure sketch Palembang Palace by J. Jeakes


Forms and soil conditions in the city of Palembang as if to the islands, and by the Dutch people gave him the title as the de Twintig Eilanden der Stad (City of Twenty-Island). Further according to G. Bruining, the island’s most valuable (dier Eilanden) is the place Kuto Besak, Kuta Lama and the Great Mosque stands.

Formation of the islands in the city of Palembang is because the number of children who crossed the river and cut the city. Naturally also called the City if Palembang River Hundred. Whereas in the early colonial era, Palembang dubbed by them as het Indische Venetie. Another epithet is de Stad des Vredes, namely a peaceful place (meaning Dar’s Greetings). And indeed this is the name of the official name of the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam.

Castle Map Kuto Besak (plus sign) visits with wikimapia
[Click to enlarge]


Structure and Technical

According I. J. Sevenhoven, the first Dutch commisaris Regeering in Palembang, Kuto Besak roede width and 77 length 49 roede (Amsterdamsch roede = approximately 3.75 m, or the length is 288.75 meters and 183.75 meters wide), with a strong wall around and the height and width of 30 feet 6 or 7 feet. This wall is strengthened with bastions 4 (bastion). Inside there was a similar wall and nearly as tall, with the gates strong, so this can also be used for defense if the first wall can be broken (see LJ. Sevenhoven, Painting, page 14).

Recent measurements of the consultants themselves have a slightly different size, which is 290 meters long and 180 meters wide.

Opinions de Sturler on the condition of the fort Kuto Besak:
“… 77 roede width and length 44 roede, equipped with a 3 and a half bastion bastion management, which complements a wall around all four sides. Walls are thick and 5 feet high from the ground 22 and 24 feet.
On the inside in the middle of the palace called Dalem, especially for the king’s residence, several feet higher than ordinary buildings. Entirely surrounded by high walls, so bring a protection for the king. No one may approach the royal residence unless the family or the person who ordered. Other stone buildings in the palace is a place to store ammunition and bullets “. (see W. L de Sturler – Proeve – 186 pages)

Site Plan Palace of Palembang in 1811 [click image to enlarge]


At the time of the war against the Dutch colonialists in 1819, there were as many as 129 shoots a cannon was on the wall Kuto Besak. Whereas during the war in 1821, only 75 shoots a cannon on the wall Kuto Besak and 30 shoots along the river wall, the attackers threatened standby.

Images Main Front Gate Castle Kuto Besak

 

Lawang Buratan (west side of the gate) Citadel Kuto Besak remaining

 

Fortress Kuto Besak year of 1935

Fortress Kuto Besak

 

 look and seek info I will help anybody to get info please contact iwansuwandy@gmail.com, please look the VOC following info like below

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Governor-General Valckenier ordered the killings of ethnic Chinese. This Day in History: Mar 20, 1602: Dutch East India Company founded <a href="http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">dingeengoete.blog...</a>

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Built between 1666 and 1679 by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a maritime replenishment station, the Castle of Good Hope is the oldest surviving colonial building in South Africa. From 1678 it was the centre of civilian, administrative and military life at the Cape, until the settlement grew and some functions and activities moved away from the Castle. Today the Castle is the seat of the military in the Cape, and houses the Castle Military Museum and Iziko Museums of Cape Town

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Unsuccessful English attack on the VOC fleet at Bergen, 12…

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The arrest of three VOC Councilmen in Batavia in 1741. Van Imhoff and two fellow councilmen were arrested for insubordination after going against Valckenier.

The arrest of three VOC Councilmen in Batavia in 1741. Van…

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Maquette van de VOC-werf Oostenburg te Amsterdam, Ab J. Hoving, 1989

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The Maritime museum before the VOC ship Amsterdam (Netherlands) aboard the Amsterdam! This ship is an exact replica of the famous VOC ship that in 1749 all sank on its maiden voyage. The Amsterdam is one of the showpieces of the Naval Museum. | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

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Plat VOC Japon, 18th, Scotish National Museum

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VOC in Sri Lanka

VOC in Sri Lanka

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Replica of the pinas &quot;Duyfken&quot; of the Dutch East India company. In 1596, it made the first trip to the East Indies. In 1606, under command of Captain Willem Jansz, it sailed to Papua New Guinea and Northern Australia, making it the ship that discovered Australia for the Europeans

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A DUTCH ENGRAVED VOC WINEGLASS, CIRCA 1740 the flared bowl engraved with a crowned coat of arms bearing the initials VOC flanked by tendrils, the opposite side bearing the inscription HET.WELVAREN.VAN.DE.OSTDIENISCHE.KOMPANCE

A DUTCH ENGRAVED VOC WINEGLASS, CIRCA 1740 the flared bowl…

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”The Antique Cannon Superstore – Dutch VOC Cannons”

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Vereinigte Ostindische Compagnie bond - Compañía Neerlandesa de las Indias Orientales - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

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Peper - Piper nigrum (door W. Marsden, History of Sumatra, London 1811) een van de belangrijkste handelsspecerijen tijdens de VOC hoogtijdagen. Het was zo kostbaar dat er gesproken werd van 'zo duur als peper'.

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In 2010 Ruben Schalk, a history student from Utrecht University, found the world’s oldest known ‘share’ during his thesis research in the Westfries Archief in Hoorn. It dates from 1606 and was issued by the VOC chamber of Enkhuizen.

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De inscheping van het VOC- personeel bij de Montelbaanstoren 1663

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De Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie | <a href="http://entoen.nu" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">entoen.nu</a>

De Verenigde 

1819: Sharif Osman Sultan of Pontianak III Alkadrie be until the year 1855. He was appointed to lead the Dutch East Indies government Afdeeling Pontianak.

in 1819,

that laffles, despite disapproval of the company in london and madras, sailed off to establish a british settlemen in the singapure. the historical and strategic importance and 20 th centries would hard to assess

Following the example of the dutch it was considered necessary to provide military protection for the settlement, and small fortification was built on a narrow spit of land between the sea and the Bengkulu river (now sungai serut). The original fortification named York for was manned by two companies of i

nfantry soldiers and artisans who had been redruited in london. The site proved to be very unhealthy owing to the close proximity of the  river and mangrove swamps. There were many deaths in the early day among the soldiers sen to garrison the fort as well as the civil servants living there..

It was Vastly different to the fort that can be seen today, being just a  rectangle of building wit a roof capable of supporting the artillery pieces required to defend the fort. house of the Deputy Govendor was contructed and the diagram on the original plan.

 

1820

1820: Zainul Abidin bin Badruddin II (1820-1834) became Sultan Mountain Sow I, the fraction of the Sultanate of Berau. Prince Sultan Sulaiman-law of Moses Banjar Kusan II became King until the year 1830.

In 1820,

na de dood van Van Braam, kocht het Gouvernement het huis en werd het ingericht als officiële residentie van de Gouverneur-Generaal van Nederlands-Indië (1820 – 1879), waarbij dus werd afgeweken van het plan van Daendels, waarschijnlijk omdat het Paleis van Daendels nog lang niet klaar was.

 

1820

Sir T. Stamford Raffles, who was among them in 1820, found some of their law

 

 

1821

1821

The Dutch subjugated the Minangkabau of Sumatra in the Padri War (1821–38)

1821

Indie Batav republic cast coin 1821 (during Padri war )

1822

Very rare 1822 entire headed “Petersham Novr 23d/1822”

and signed “JR Rankin” (?), to Scotland with boxed ‘INDIA LETTER/PORTSMOUTH’ h/s in red, London transit b/s in red, Scottish boxed ‘½’ h/s & unframed ‘DUMFRIES/ 13JUN1823/A 340-D’ arrival b/s, some soiling/staining. From the period 1819-1828 when Sydney had no postal markings. [The lengthy letter speaks of “…the golden days of Lauchlin Macquarie…he has done more good to this Colony in the last twelve years than will be done in the next twenty-four his prediliction for they prisoners was certainly his hobbie horse…I am most happy that we had the courage to come out to what they call the land of Cangerros and Convicts…There are more settlers arriving here every week…”]

 

DEI cast coin 1822

May 1822:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Awarded “Ridder IIIe klasse of Officier in de Militaire Willems-Orde” [MWO], the 3rd Class Knight in Military Order of William in his service as engineer attached to Headquarters during the Waterloo Campaign.

 

1822

 

1822        Oct 8,

The Galunggung volcano on Java sent boiling sludge into valley. The eruption left 4,011 dead. The long-inactive volcano erupted Apr 4 and blew its top on Apr 12. The Oct 8 and Oct 12 eruptions left 4,011 dead.
    (THE COMPLETE INFORMATION READ  AT ANOTHER ARTICLE IN THE WEB BLOG hhtp://www.driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com)

1822

The parasitic plant Rafflesia was discovered in the lowland forests of Southeast Asia.

It steals nutrition from other plants and periodically creates a monstrous, red-brown flower with the perfume of rotten flesh.
    (SFC, 1/19/04, p.A4)

1823

1823: Mr. Muller Dutch East Indies government employees surveyed northwest Borneo. [42])
 1823: 13 September 1823: Coral Diamond Contract Agreement between the Sultan Suleiman II of the Dutch East Indies represented Banjar with Mr. Resident. Tobias.

1824

The commercial successor of the V.O.C. was the Nederlandse Handelmaatschappij (NHM), founded in 1824  (after the Anglo-Dutch treaty).

The larger emblem consists of disc charged with a winged anchor between the date 1824, surrounded by the title nederlandsche handel maatschappy.

As a crest a three-masted sailing ship and as supporters two lions couchant. Below the central emblem is the cypher NHM.

The achievement is surrounded by waves of the sea and decorated with several floral motives.

In 1964 this company merged with the Twentsche Bank and changed its name in Nederlandsche Middenstands Bank. In 1990 the NMB merged with the Amsterdam-Rotterdam Bank into the ABN AMRO Bank. This bank was split up in 2007.

(Fortis, Bank of Scotland en Banco Santander).

1824

The begal sepoys continued to serve at Bencoolen and the other west coast settlemen, until all of the british trading posts along the west coast of sumatra were handed over to the Dutch Argeement of 1824.

the actual handover took place earlt in 1825.

 

In 1824

werd het geheel opgekocht door het Gouvernement die er een kostschool voor meisjes vestigde.

1824

Under the 1824 Anglo-Dutch Treaty,

the Dutch secured British settlements in Indonesia, such as Bengkulu in Sumatra, in exchange for ceding control of their possessions in the Malay Peninsula and Dutch India. The resulting borders between British and Dutch possessions remain between Malaysia and Indonesia. As exploitation of Indonesian resources expanded off Java, most of the outer islands came under direct Dutch government control or influence. Significant Indonesian piracy remained a problem for the Dutch until the mid-19th century.[7]

 

1825

1825: Adam Alwasikh Billah became Sultan of Banjar XVI until 1857. In Brunei, Mohammad Alam became the Sultan of Brunei until 1828.

1825: In July 1825, Prince Aji Jawi, King of the Land Seasonings establish a contract with the Dutch East Indies.


September 1825:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Lieutenant-Colonel F.D. assaulted the Jogjakarta. He was the Commander of Garrison of Soerakarta with 2 companies of infantry [Hulptropen from Soemenap and Legion of Mangkoenegaran], 1 platoon of cavalery [Huzar], and 12 Light Infantry [Dragonder)

The Dutch subjugated the Java War (1825–30) ended significant Javanese resistance.[7]

October 1825:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

designed the prototype of temporary battlefield fortification in Kalidjengking. His designed would be adopted in to Fortification Strategy in following Java War 1826 – 30.

 

March 1825

 

Fort Marlborough was occupied by the Dutch
The Dokar in front of Fort Marlborough –

 

1825

Raffles was also able to place Fort Marlborough on a lower states of readiness, perceiving that there was little or no thereat from any other Euoropean nation. Following the handover of the settlemen to the Dutch in 1825, records show that the for continued to be manned by Dutch colonial troops,

although it was never enlarged or upgraded with the exception of the intruduction, during the mid-19 th century, of four breech loading guns mounted on each of the four bastions.

1826

1826: After the conquest attack Banjar palace

in Yogyakarta in 1826, the Dutch East Indies had been made a rule which areas are still controlled by the Sultanate of Banjar and determine the division of the territories

June 1826:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Capturing Pleret, a fort of Diponegoro in Southern of Jogjakarta with more than 7.000 Dutch soldiers.

July 1826:

He lead the movement to Dekso, a new headquarter of Diponegoro after Pleret conquered by Dutch Army.

Lieutenant-General Frans David Cochius in 1850

[3rd of December 1787  – 1st of May 1876]

Lithograph in format of 32×24.5cm

Source: KITLV

 

 

Lieutenant-General Frans David Cochius

Engineer of Battlefield Fortification Strategy in 1827-30

in sequence capturing Diponegoro

If Frans David Cochius was still alive today, he must be 222 years old in December 2009. Who is he? I’ll bring his short biography and compartment in sequence of capturing Diponegoro in Java War.

Java War 1825-30 was the badly war in the history of colonization in Netherlands Indies. For the first time the colonial government faced a massive social rebellion covering large part of Java: 2 million Javanese people were exposed to the ravages of war, 200 thousands Javanese were died. On the other hand, Dutch suffered 8 thousands European troops and 7 thousands of Indonesian troops who fought for Dutch were perished. The war consequence was rising cost about 20 million guilders! The war that perished everything both Javanese and Dutch side.

The Java War was started in a rebellion led by Pangeran Diponegoro for the reason of Dutch political intervention in the Court of Mataram (general reason), and Dutch decision to build a road across a piece of his ancestral property (personal reason).

F.D. Cochius was an expertise in fortification. He designed the prototype of battlefield fortification strategy [Benteng Stelsel]. The fort was built in high terrain, a square building made by coconut tree height about 7-8 feet.The cannons were applied in the one of diagonal corner of the fort. Each corner has two cannons.

In the throne of Governor General Du Bus de Gissignies,

the government of Dutch Indies failed to extinguish the rebellion of Diponegoro. In several party the Diponegoro army defeated the Dutch Indies army, such as campaign for capturing Kejiwan [August 1826],

campaign of Delanggu [August 1826], and campaign of Gawok [October 1826].

Military operation did not reach the objective. General H.M. de Kock ordered to Colonel F.D. Cochius for planning the prototype of battlefield fortification strategy.

This prototype was implied in battlefield fortification strategy in area Bagelen, Banjoemas, Gowong, Ledok, Kedhu, and Jogjakarta. It could be the simple fort for defense in Java War for the reason for limitation the movement of Diponegoro. It was the temporary battlefield fortification: a simple building for military defense, efficient in raw material for the building, and the materials are available in Java.

 

1827

1827:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Commander in Military Operation District of Jogjakarta

The strategy of Battlefield Fortification was implied since May 1827. The Battlefield Fortification means that fort was not only have a passive role in the military defense, but it’s emphasized that the fort has active and important role as quarter for offensive operation, military command and control and logistic purposes. Broadly speaking, fort was attempted as warfare and military strategic. In period of May – December 1827 General H.M. de Kock established about 30 forts surrounding Central Java.

Pas in 1827

zou het Paleis van Daendels gereed komen, in opdracht van de enige, “Belgische” Gouverneur-Generaal Leonard P. J. Burggraaf Du Bus de Gisignies, want het jaar 1830 was immers nog niet aangebroken:

1826 – 1830

Gouverneur-Generaal Leonard P. J. Burggraaf Du Bus de Gisignies

Volgens de overlevering woog bij aankomst Du Bus de Gisignies 145 kg, toen hij weer in 1830 naar Europa terugkeerde was hij 60 kg lichter geworden.

 

1828

April 1828:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Battle of Bedoyo, he waved Diponegoro army out from this village.

July – August 1828:

Colonel Cochius occupied the valley of Progo and assault the Diponegoro army between Progo and Opak rivers.

In 1828

Hotel des indes Batavia(now Jakarta )

werd het gebouw weer verlaten, in 1832 werd de kostschool voor meisjes weer opgeheven omdat de leraressen maar steeds weggingen om te trouwen

1828

Javasche Bank 1828

 

De Javasche Bank 1828 – 1953

 

Presidents, Secretaries and Directors

info source: Rob Huisman

The Javasche Bank was founded in 1828 and continued its operations until after the Dutch transfer of souvereignty to Indonesia in 1949. The Javasche Bank became the circulation bank for the Republic of Indonesia and was nationalized in 1953.

A date in italics (24/01/1828) means the date of the decree deciding about the appointment or discharge of  the board member. The date of a decree is only mentioned in case the actual start or end date is unknown.

The following board members (Presidents, Secretaries and Directors) were authorized to sign banknotes issued by the Javasche Bank:

Presidents:

24/01/1828 – 22/03/1838 Chr. de Haan (LL.M.)
Leonard Pierre Joseph viscount du Bus de Gisignies, Commissioner General of the Netherlands Indies, appointed Chr. de Haan by decree 25 on January 24, 1828, to the position of President of the Javasche Bank. Although several other people applied for the position of President, the Commissioner General used his right to move past the nominees. On December 13, 1837, after almost 10 year of service, de Haan was granted a two year European leave. He seceded in the board meeting of March 22, 1838.

1829

January 1829:

Military operation to North Mataram.

This operation was moving Diponegoro in to the western Progo River successfully.

The operation continued to Southern Mountains of Jogjakarta.

July 1829:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Capturing Fort Geger. This fort was built by coral materials.

In 1829

werd het geheel opgekocht door de Fransman Surleon Antoine Chaulan die er als eerste een hotel begon onder de naam Hotel de Provence.

 

1829

Father van der Grinten was the head pastor of the Catholic Church of Batavia – the first Catholic church in Batavia – located at the corner of Lapangan Banteng (a large open square situated in an European enclave and formerly known as Waterloopein).

It was built over the former residence of the Dutch East Indies military commander General Hendrik Merkus de Kock (who later was made Baron for his triumph over Prince Diponegoro in the Java war).

The church was inaugurated on 6 November 1829 and blessed by the head pastor at that time, Father L. Prinsen,  as “The Church of Our Lady of Assumption”. It measured 35 long by 17 metres wide, consisted of a large hall with rows of pillars on either side in the neo-gothic style, a common architectural style for churches at the time. Father van der Grinten lived in the priest’s residence on the east wing of the church, while the sacristan lived in the west wing.

 

1830

1830/40s, stampless cover (slight faults) w. large oval hs. „ZEEBRIEF BANKA” to Rembang

March 1830:

Colonel Cleerens with Diponegoro arrived in Magelang.

The Kedhu Resident and military chief, including Colonel F.D. Cochius met them in Magelang before the capitulation 28 of March 1830. Based on capturing Diponegoro in Magelang, it designate that the Java War was terminated.

Post of Java War, Colonel F.D. Cochius was the commander in Salatiga, a town in Java.

The submission of Prince Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830

1831 – 37:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Extinguishing of the uprising of the Padri’s Islamic fundamentalist insurgents in the mountains of western Sumatra raged.

 

1832

Batavia, a city of Java,

capital of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies, in hit. 6° 10′ 8., lon. 106° 50′ E., on a swampy plain at the head of a deep bay of the Java sea, on the N. W. coast of the island, upon both banks of the river Jacatra. The bay is protected by a number of islands, and forms a secure harbor.

The population in 1832 was 118,300, of whom 2,800 were Europeans, 25,000 Chinese, 80,000 natives, 1,000 Moors and Arabs, and 0,500 slaves; the present number is variously stated at from 70,000 to 150,000, the discrepancy apparently arising from the different areas embraced, the wealthy inhabitants now residing beyond the limit of the fortifications, upon several broad roads running for some distance inland.

The local trade and handicrafts are mostly in the hands of the Chinese; the foreign commerce in those of the Dutch, although there are also English, French, German, and American merchants. About 1,500 vessels annually enter the port, two thirds of which are Dutch.

The principal articles of export are spices, rice, coffee, sugar, indigo, tobacco, dyewoods, and gold dust. In 1867 the total value of the exports was $27,-227,025; imports, $22,439,435. Batavia was originally laid out on the model of a Dutch city, with broad streets having each a canal in the centre.

1835

1835 (27 Nov). Old Westhall / Scotland – USA. Stampless EL full text boxed “OLD RAIN” (xxx/R). Via London – NY. Fwded Batavia. 7 charges. Fine transatlantic usage from small town.[ 537362]

, Borobudur Java. Original steel engraving drawn by W. Purser, engraved by S. Bradshaw. 1835. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 18,5×11,5cm. Mounted.

1836

Sulawesi. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Joliot. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13,5×8,5cm. Mounted.

Sulawesi. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13,5x9cm. Mounted.

Fabce Buru island Mollucas Islands. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Joliot. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13×8,5cm. Mounted

Chinese overseas Timor. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Langlois. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13,5x9cm. Mounted.

Timor. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Peronan. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

Timor. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Desaul. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

Mollucas Islands. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Chaillot. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

Mollucas Islands. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Chavannes. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted

Bali. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Casenave. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13,5×8,5cm. Mounted.

Timor. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Peronan. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

 

Native ethnic of Mollucas Islands. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Delaistre. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x8cm. Mounted

Natife ethnic of Timor. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Langlois. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 13,5×8,5cm. Mounted.

Bali. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Desaul. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

1837

Mollucas Islands. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin. 1837. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted

 

 

 

 

 

August 1837:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Conquered the Fort Bondjol in West Sumatra.

September 1837:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

1st Colonial Infantry Battalion in Bondjol for Major General F.D. Cochius, RVH

[Van Heutz Regiment].

 

 

1838

Borneo. Original steel engraving drawn by Danvin, engraved by Chavannes. 1836. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 14x9cm. Mounted.

May 1838:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

Commander Militaire Willemsorde

1838

31/03/1838 – 10/03/1851 C.J. Smulders
C.J. Smulders, the Secretary of the Javasche Bank, succeeded de Haan as President by decision of the Commissioner General on March 31, 1838. 
In November 1846, Smulders bought 1/2 share in the sugar factory Langsee. On January 7, 1851, Smulders requested to be honorably discharged because of his weakening health. By decree of March 4, 1851, Smulders was honorably discharged. He decided to dedicate his time to his interest in the Langsee sugar factory. His successor E. Francis, took over presidency during the board meeting of March 10, 1851.

 

1838

In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

Relations between the Sasak and Balinese in western Lombok were largely harmonious and intermarriage was common. In the island’s east, however, relations were less cordial and the Balinese maintained control from garrisoned forts. While Sasak village government remained in place, the village head became little more than a tax collector for the Balinese. Villagers became a kind of serf and Sasak aristocracy lost much of its power and land holdings.

Source Ebay

 

 

1840

In 1840 Batavia had 537, and, in 1880, 1015 inhabitants

 

1841

November 1841:

Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius

12th Infantry Battalion in Batavia for Lieutenant-General F.D. Cochius, RVH

[Van Heutz Regiment].

1841

Earliest Nederland and South Holland revenue handstamped (1841) on law magazine from nederland sent to Indonesia.

Look the close up of complete document next page

 

 

 

 

1842

Batavia Jakarta

Java. Original steel engraving drawn by C. Reiss, engraved by W. Wallis. Bibliograph. Institut in Hidlburghausen. 1842. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 15×9,5cm. Mounted.

 

1843

Chinese Overseas Postcard at Batavia in 1843

Sulawesi. Original wood engraving. 1843. Light foxing. Original hand-colouring. 18x8cm. Mounted.

Papua New Guinea. Original steel engraving engraved by Mercier. 1843. Light foxing. Original hand-colouring. 16x9cm. Mounted

 

 

VELDE, Charles William Meredith van de. Serang, hoofdplaats van de residentie Bantam. – Serang, chef-lieu de la résidence Bantam. Amsterdam, Frans Buffa en Zonen, (c. 1843).Lithograph by P. Lauters after C.W.M. van de Velde. Ca. 21 x 30 cm. From: C.W.M. van de Velde. Gezigten uit Nêerlands Indië. – Rustic view of the capital of Bantam, Serang. With horsemen and coach.Bastin-Brommer N360.

résidence Bantam. Amsterdam, Frans Buffa en Zonen, (c. 1843).

Lithograph by P. Lauters after C.

Serang, hoofdplaats van de residentie Bantam. – Serang, chef-lieu de la

 

 

 

1844

1844 (31 Dec). Batavia – France. EL full contains comercial mark despatch on front + Via Alexandria – Malta (dissinfected) + charges. Shows great

Java. Original wood engraving by H. Thiriat. 1884. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19×12,5cm. Mounted.

 

1845

In 1845 kocht zoon Etienne Chaulan op een veiling het hotel van zijn vader voor dfl 25.000,=, vraag me niet waarom….

Etienne maakte het hotel al een beetje beroemd, want hij was de eerste die ….. verschillende soorten ijs ging verkopen

1845, Zustellungsmarke „Aangebragt per Land-Mail. Te betalen port (hds: 216) koper. BATAVIA (hds: 12/4 1846)” auf Faltbrief von Bordeaux (datiert 24.1.46) via Suez, Ceylon und Singapore nach Batavia, Java, aufgrund von säurehaltiger Tinte kleine Fehlstellen innerhalb der Anschrift, sonst einwandfreie und frische Kabinett-Erhaltung!, Fotoattest Brun&Fils, Paris. Catalog Price 4000,00[Zust. I ]

Bid Info: Price: € 4,000.00     Sold For: €3600.00

 

 

1845,

entire folded letter dated „Batavia 25. August 1845” with blue oval „BATAVIA (posthorn) / ONGEFRANKEERD” to Buitenzorg, red ms. „20”. Clean condition

1846

April 1846:

13th Infantry Battalion in Batavia for Lieutenant-General F.D. Cochius, RVH

[Van Heutz Regiment].

 

 

 

 

 

 

1846

After failed expeditions to conquer Bali in 1846 and 1848, an 1849 intervention brought northern Bali under Dutch control

The Dutch 7th Battalion advancing in Bali in 1846

1846

. After failed expeditions to conquer Bali in 1846 and 1848, an 1849 interventionbrought northern Bali under Dutch control.

 

1846 (Aug 17) outer to Singapore “p Elora” but crossed-out & “p Kyle” added, oval ‘PAID SHIP LETTER/SYDNEY’ d/s & very fine ‘Registered/SYDNEY.’ h/s (Type R2) both in red, superb strike of the chamfered ‘FORWARDED BY/MACLAINE WATSON & Co/BATAVIA’ cachet in red, rated “6” in red on arrival, docketed on the flap “recd Jan7 47 per Nurappin [?] via Batavia”, light vertical filing fold. A very rare destination in this period, taking 5 months to arrive! [Brian Peace – our auction of 27/7/2009 – had six registered covers to overseas destinations: all were to Great Britain. He had no cover to Singapore]

1847

1846, Zustellungsmarke „Aangebragt per Land-Mail. Te betalen port (hds. 150) duiten BATAVIA (hds: 10 Jan 1847)” auf Faltbrief mit blauem K1 „AMSTERDAM 21/11 (1846)” und „P” via Marseille nach Samarang, Java, aufgrund von säurehaltiger Tinte kleine Fehlstellen innerhalb der Anschrift, sonst einwandfreie und frische Kabinett-Erhaltung! Catalog Price 4000,00[Zust. II ] Sold For: €3600.00

 

 

1847 (21 June). Batavia – Netherlands. E. stampless via British mail over Alexandria + Malta / Lazaretto. Displays great! + VF + charges

 

1848

 

werd de bovenste verdieping van het Paleis Rijswijk afgebroken in de hoop het gebouw wat meer status te geven. In de praktijk verbleven de Gouverneurs-Generaal ook liever in Buitenzorg dan in Paleis Rijswijk….. het Paleis Rijswijk kreeg al snel de bijnaam Hotel van de Gouverneur-Generaal….

 

In Paleis Rijswijk kwam wel geregeld de Raad van Indië bij elkaar, de onofficiële regering van Nederlands-Indië voorgezeten door de Gouverneur-Generaal. De Gouverneur-Generaal had echter in de praktijk, we zouden nu zeggen, dictatoriale bevoegdheden en dus altijd het laatste woord.

 

In 1809 begon Daendels dus aan zijn plan voor wat de geschiedenis zou ingaan als het Paleis van Daendels, en ook wel Het Groote Huis genoemd. Pas in 1827 zou het voltooid worden.

Alhoewel groots van opzet

Netherlands. ½ Gulden, 1848. KM-73.1. Willem II. Toned. NGC graded AU-50.
Estimated Value $100 – 125

1849

1849 (9 Feb.). Khibosania to Batavia. EL. Green-grey neat oval KRAWANG (xxx). + manuscript 25-VF

1849 (27 July). Batavia – France (26 Sept). EL full contains via Alexandria BPO + Malta dissinfected. Shows great. VF

 

1849 illustrated ‘OCEAN PENNY POSTAGE’ envelope with ‘London: CHARLES GILPIN, 5, Bishopsgate Street Without.’ imprint at the base, Imperf 1d red (3½ margins), ’34’-in-diamond cancel & ‘Bishopsgate St Within’ h/s alongside, ‘SOUTHAMPTON’ arrival b/s in blue, a couple of ink-stains on the face & overall soiling. [The cover is addressed in the distinctive hand of the American social activist, Elihu Burritt. Burritt was the United States Consular Agent in Birmingham, and a promoter of internationalism and world peace. He advocated a universal Ocean Penny Post as a means to increasing international correspondence, trade & brotherhood]

1850

1850

Cafe Batavia

a building in the old Jakarta city area just across the square of Fatahillah, the main attraction is the interior. It was constructed between 1805-1850, and underwent a renovation in 1993. The Cafe Batavia  was established in 1930.

 

1850 (25 May). Batavia – UK. Stampless E blue Franca cds Via Singapore box on reverse (would display well if opened) charge 2sh / 3d + modified + London transit. Comercial departure cachet on front. Fine

1850 (6 Aug.). Fjilanghap to Batavia. EL. With red oval KRAWANG (xxx) x 25 manuscript charge. VF

1851

In 1851 ging het management over in handen van Cornelis Denninghoff die de naam veranderde in Hotel Rotterdam,
Ook wel het Rotterdamsch Hotel genoemd. Het had niet zoo’n goede naam, iemand schreef dat hem Hotel Rotterdam was aanbevolen, maar hij had veel beter

President of Javasche bank

10/03/1851 – 01/07/1863 E. Francis
Emanuel Francis started his career in the Netherlands Indies as a clerk in 1815 and worked his way up in the government service to eventually become the top civil servant available to the Commissioner General. From 1848 to 1850 Francis was Inspector of Finance and in 1851 he was honorably discharged from the governement service. Next, Francis was appointed to President of the Javasche Bank by decree of March 4, 1851. On his own request Francis was honorably discharged  per Juli 1, 1863 per decree of  April 20, 1863. In 1864 Francis published a book “De regerings-beginselen van Nederlandsch Indië: getoetst aan de behoefte van moederland en kolonie”, expressing his dissatisfaction with the implementation of a new economic system in the Netherlands Indies and proposing an investigation by an independent committee. In 1969 Francis published a request to the Dutch parliament about his reputed right for payment of pension being a retired civil servant of the Netherlands Indies government.

1852

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1852. Entire letter from BATAVIA with red Company cachet and blue BATAVIA cds, British PO at ALEXANDRIA cds of transit in black and red MARSEILLE entry marking on front. Handstamped 10 declines due on delivery.

1852

Het Hotel Rotterdam had in 1852 al weer een andere eigenaar gekregen, de Zwitser Wijss die in 1851 getrouwd was met een 16-jarige nicht van Etienne Chaulan.

En deze Wijss was degene die op advies van Douwes Dekker op 1 Mei 1856 de naam veranderde in het veel chiquer klinkende

 

 

1852

The Postal history used cover from Honolulu hawai via manila to Batavia.

Postmarks front and back of this cover are Honolulu, March 11, 1852, Manila, May 19 and June 17, Hong Kong, June 21, Canton, July 2 along with a Canton PAID mark, and again Hong Kong on July 22. This cover, addressed to Batavia via a forwarder in Canton, was carried to Manila by the Bremen bark Ceres, departing April 3, 1852. The letter next went from Manila to Hong Kong and paid a single letter rate of 4 pence (represented by the black “4” over the Honolulu postmark). At Hong Kong, the letter was sent to the forwarder in Canton at another 4 pence rate (represented by the red “4” in the upper left corner). The forwarder crossed out his name, paid postage to Singapore (1 shilling represented by a red squiggle over the Honolulu postmark) and sent it back down to Hong Kong. From Hong Kong, the letter was carried to Singapore by the P&O steamship Malta (July 23 departure; July 31 arrival) under British mail contract, and then to Batavia by local shipping. The “48” is said to represent a Batavia local rate, typically written with the same type of ink

 

the famous “Batavia Cover” shown below.

 

Backstamps

 

.

 

1853

1854 LOOK PART FOUR

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