Category Archives: Dr Iwan Icon cybermuseum

DEI HISTORY COLLECTION PART FIVE

THIS E-BOOK ONLY SAMPLE NOT COMPLETE ILLUSTRATION, THE COMPLETE ILLUSTRATION EXIST ONLY TEN CD-Rom

Copyright @ Dr Iwan 2016

If you want buy the complete E-Book, please contact iwansuwandy@gmail.com, please upload your iD-Card copy with complete adress and shorth working history, and to more communication you must be my web blog Premium member with tarnsfer US 25,- or send enenvelope via airmail with stamps or old money with the same value. The price of this CD-Rom Only US 100.-

Dutch Indies 23-30 hinged

Dutch Indies NVPH 23-30 hinged

1892 – 97   Prinses Wilhelmina hangend haar

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) serie

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 435,00

 Image result for Dutch Indies NVPH 23-30 hinged  1892 -

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 28 MNH

1892 – 97   Prinses Wilhelmina hangend haar – 30 ct lichtgroen

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met fotocertificaat C Muis van blok (dit is de zegel rechtsonder)

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 250,00+++

Dutch Indies NVPH 30 MNH

1892 – 97   Prinses Wilhelmina hangend haar – 250 ct oranjebruin en lichtblauw

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met fotocertificaat NKD

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 650,00+++

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Postage due 14-22 hinged

1892-09 Cijfer en waarde in zwart –

Image result for Dutch Indies  Postage due

Prachtige ongebruikte complete (hinged) serie –

Cat. waarde (value) € 180,00+

Top of Form

€ 85,00

Bottom of Form

 

Dutch Indies NVPH postage due 19 MNH

1892-09 – Cijfer en waarde in zwart –

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel –

Cat. waarde (value) € 200,00+

Top of Form

€ 135,00

Bottom of Form

 

unusual1892. Soerabaja – France. Registr env 5c + 10c x3. Fine scarce comb

 

AUSTRIA. 1892 [Sept 13]. 5kr rose postal stationery envelope sent registered from Budweis to JAVA; up-rated with 1890 1kr black and 2x12kr claret tied by Budweis cds´s, yellow registered label at left and arrival of Soerakarta cds on reverse of opened for display cover. An unusual destination and an appealing item. Scott 51,56.

Image result for Magelang 1892

  1. Magelang 29.8.1892 –dot pmk no 23 to Czech Rep. Registr stat env + 2 adtls, willem 20 cent and 2xnum 5 cent(rate 30 cent)fwded. VF

 

1892, 5 C. Ganzsache mit 2 1/2 C. Ziffer von “Tebing Tinggi 2 8 92” nach Braunschweig mit Ra3 “Ned- Indie via Brindisi …”

 

 

1892 (20 Oct.). Batavia to Leipzig/Germany. Registered letter franked King William III 15cts. bister, 3 cts. violet numerals (x5) and 2 1/2 orge (x2) tied dots “4”, cds alongside. Transit and arrival on reverse.[

Unusual 1893 (12 Dec). Soerabaja – Argentina. 25c violet stat env via Ligne N / pqbt fr nº2 – Singapore – second French pqbt Ligne D / 20 Sanv 94 + arrival cds (15 Feb 94). Rare dest + usage

 

 

1893

Image result for Indonesian Map 1853

DEI(Indonesia) Map 1853

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection – Historical Maps of Asia

1893 (14 Oct.) Pemalang to Brussels/Belgium. Registered envelope (a bit roughly opened). Franked 10c. brown and 50c. carmin King William tied “Tecal” cds’s., with straightline “Pemalang” (***) alongside, “R”, transits and arrival on reverse. Fine

1893, 20 C. stationery envelope upfranked with 5 C., sent from „HASOEROEAN 8 11 1893” to Leipzig, Germany with b/s transit-cds „SOERABAJA 8 11 1893″

1893

29/09/1893 – 21/12/1898  D. Groeneveld
Groeneveld, serving as Director zince 1877, was promoted to President of the Bank per decree of September 29, 1893. After more than five years as President, Groeneveld died on December 21, 1898. Groeneveld was the first President that came from the Bank’s own personnel.

1893

THE OVERPRINT 10 CENT  ON THE FIRST REVENUE FIVE CENT(EMERGENCY REVENUE)

10.5.1893

 

 

 

1893

Image result for 1853 leasing certificate 600 gld (surat hutang)

Leasing certificate (Surat Hutang ) 600 gld, uncolour embosed revenue sheet  one and half gld,1893 added revenue ovpt 10 cent on 5 cent nedl.oost revenue for countersign(tanda tangan pengesahan)

 

 

1894

1894

All the uncolour embosed Revenue  in complete Document :

a.Land Certificate (Eigendom) Bought,consist three uncolour embosed revenue sheet 12 gld, 2 gld and 1 gld , courter sign by the land of justice Soerabaja 1894

 

  1. (5 June) Klaten to Hankow/Shanghai/China. Registered Numeral 7½ rose on pink stationery with adtl. 10c orange brown King William III (Sc.9), tied c.d.s., “R”, Hong Kong c.d.s. alongside. Exceptional destination and unusual registered rate. V.fine

 

HOLANDA. 1894. NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. Registered usage of 12 1/2 c. grey stationery envelope to BATAVIA, with pink registration label; up-rated with 1891 22 1/2 c. myrtle green tied by GRAVENHAGE cds´s, faint via Brindisi marking i in black and Weltvreden squared circle receipt on reverse of fine cover. SG 168.

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1894. 7½c. postal stationery card to Berne, Switzerland, cancelled Probolinggo. Obverse also bears, in chronological order, Soerabaja; Batavia; Weltevreden and ´Mont Cenis A Macon A´ transits.

  1. Padang – Weltevreden. 10c stat env
  2. Medan – France. Registered env fkd 5c blue, 10c brown strip of three + 25c. Minor edge wear. Spectacular fkg.[ 529009]

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1894. G.B. 1/2 d. Postal stationery wrapper used from LONDON addressed to PREANGER, JAVA & showing the arrival squared circle d/stamps of SEMERANG & CHERIBON supported by the s/line RANTJAEKEK blue h/s with the framed PARONG KOEDA blue h/s.

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1894. GB 1/2 d. Postal stationery wrapper used from LONDON addressed to PREANGER, JAVA & showing the arrival squared circle d/stamps of SEMERANG & CHERIBON supported by the s/line RANTJAEKEK blue h/s with the framed PARONG KOEDA blue h/s.

  1. 7½c. postal stationery card to Berne, Switzerland, cancelled Probolinggo. Obverse also bears, in chronological order, Soerabaja; Batavia; Weltevreden and ´Mont Cenis A Macon A´ transits.

 

 

 

 

 

1895

 

1895 (3 July). Rembang – New Caledonia / Gomero. Via Australia – Brisbane Weltevreden. 7 1/2c stat card. V rare Pacific dest.[

1895

Tombolouh Tribe at Minahasa

in Patola Tucher dressed and KELANA behangt, like those of WALIAN (

religious leaders)Plate X Fig 1

 Image result for 1853 Tombolouh tribe in minahasa

 Dayak 1853

Unusual 1895 (26 Oct). Djeddah to Indonesia. Via Suez, Batavia, Cheribon (25 Nov). Stat.card letter with blue diplomatic seal of the Dutch Embassy on reverse which displays well

Rare 1895 (26 Oct). Djeddah to Indonesia. Via Suez, Batavia, Cheribon (25 Nov). Stat.card letter with blue diplomatic seal of the Dutch Embassy on reverse which displays well

HOLANDA. (1895 CA.). Printed Telegram envelope carried free as confirmation of sending with ´Gouvernements/Posten Telegraf Dienst/Indrapoera´ oval cachet of receipt struck in black on reverse.

1895

VOC 50 Rijksdaller 1895

VOC 50 Ryksdaalders 1805

 Image result for VOC first paper money

The first papermoney of the Netherlands Indies

 

Info source: Rob Huisman

Last month a very rare VOC note  was on auction at the prestigious auction house for historical stock certificates HWPH Historisches Wertpapierhaus AG (HWPH) in Germany.  the lot was finally sold for 10.500 Euro, a fair price – knowing that most similar notes available on the market were offered at between 20.000 and 30.000 Euro the past couple of years.

According to  Mr. Matthias Schmitt, CEO of HWPH,  the notes has been put up for auction by a private person in Europe who got the item from his uncle who lived in the United States. The uncle’s father was a Colonel in Dutch East Indies before World War II.

 

The HWPH website has an extensive description of the VOC note.  They grade the note as VF and appraise it as follows: “Amboina, Castle Victoria, 30 April 1805, Banknote for 50 Ryksdaalders, Lettra E, #426, 27.8 x 17.2 cm, black, beige, handmade paper, folds (one partially broken), OU, stamp VOC A(mboina)?, onverso two more stamps, bilingual: Dutch, Hindi. This is a very rare banknote from the Netherland Indies, issued by the VOC.”

 

This 50 Ryksdaalder note was issued from Fort Victoria at Ambon island, Indonesia. The fortress was orignally built by the Portuguese in 1775, but soon taken over by the Dutch to establish a local stronghold for their colonial rule of the Netherlands Indies.

 

 

1896

Postally used cover from soerakarto to Kendal with port stamps CDS Kendal 25/8/1896

 

1896, paquebot: framed ”Paquebot„ in italics (Hosking type 1496) on pictorial US stationery envelope ”Stockton Milling Co. SF.„ 5 C. cancelled ”HONG KONG A SP 5 96„ to Batavia/DEI, on reverse”N.L.I. POSTAGENT SINGAPORE 10 9 1896„ and Batavia arrival.

  1. Medan to Punjab/India. Envelope bearing Queen Wilhelmina 25c violet (Sc. 27) tied c.d.s., also alongside “Moga” c.d.s. transit on front, several on reverse, including portuguese India Tuticorin, with YELLOW PRINTED label of postal readressing/return, tied c.d.s. V.fine and most unusual.[ 7849]

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1889. 5 c. Yellow green stationery card, H & G 8, but with additional sender´s address surrounding the card in red print, used to SOLOK cancelled by BATAVIA despatch cds and WELTVREDEN, PADANG and PADANG PANDJANG cds´s. Unusual and fine early stationery advertising item

  1. 12 1/2 c. Postal stationery envelope bearing 1 c. & 3 c. x3 used from a GRAVENHAGE to MAKASSAR (neth-ind) & backstamped on arrival

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1897

Batavia map 1897

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection – Historical Maps of Asia

Sourabaia Map 1897

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection – Historical Maps of Asia

1897

schitterende plattegrond van Batavia te vinden op Aad’s Nederlands-Indië site :

Batavia plattegrond 1897

Meer foto’s en plattegronden van Batavia kun je vinden via deze LINK
Als je onbekend bent in het Batavia van toen, dan is het even zoeken, maar we gaan het hebben over nummer 10….:

Hotel Des Indes

Het noordelijke gedeelte van Batavia werd de Benedenstad genoemd, het zuidelijke gedeelte de Bovenstad. Het zuidelijke gedeelte van Batavia lag wat hoger, vandaar de naam Bovenstad

In de 18e eeuw werd het leven van de in de Benedenstad wonende Europeanen steeds ondragelijker, de grote rivier de Tjiliwoeng die door de stad stroomde, begon steeds meer te stinken, je mag zelf raden waardoor. Ook zakte het waterpeil steeds verder door dichtslibben van de rivier monding.

Een citaat uit dit verhaal:

1897

The Earliest Netherland Oost Indie revenue

The Ned Oost Indie Revenue  sheet , embosed noncolour , nominal:

Quater G

half G

,one G

,one and  half

two Gld

,four Gld

Six Gld

and 12 guilders.

 

Unusual 1897, 15 C. Königin auf 25 C. König-Ganzsachenumschlag als gesiegelter R-Wertbrief von “Klaten 12 6 1897” nach Arnheim

1897 (15June). Envelope addressed to Paris by the French Consul at Batavia (Blue mark on upper left corner), bearing France pair 25c. Black on pink sage, cancelled french paquebot, octogonal “Lique N/Paq. Fr nº 10” (***), also alongside. Arrival on reverse. Consular franked mail is unusual

 

 

1898

 

DEI One cent 1898 coin

 

 

 

 

Postal used DEI postal stationer num 5 cent sent From Solo sultanatePakoe Alam  CDS Solo 1.11.1898 to Djokdjakarta 17.11.1898.

Rare 5c + 20c. Obl. CàD MAKASSAR 12.6.1898. Sur lettre à en-tête de l’Agence Consulaire de FRANCE frappée du CàD Ligne N 24 juin 08 à destination de PARIS. SUP.; lettre; Poste

1898, 15 C. olivbraun (Wilhelmina) als Zusfr. auf 20 C. blau GSU, (König Wilhelm III) dekorative und seltene Mischfr. als Einschreiben von SOERABAJA via LONDON und NEW YORK nach PITTSBURG

 

  1. Dordrecht to Soerabaja (Dutch Indies). 12½ grey stationary envelope registered (label double print), with 22½c green stamp addtl. (Sc.47). Very fine.[

Unusual 1898 (28 Sept). Registered Tegal – USA. Reg 10c King stat env + adtl. 25c Queen. Via London + registered N Orleans cds on front. VF.

Rare 1898. Tegal – Mexico. 15c stat env + adtls. Registered VF scarce dest usage + aux marking

Rare 1898. Tegal to Remiremont/France. Registered 10c brown King stationery with adtl. 5c and 20c blue Queen W., tied d.s. Several transits and arrival c.d.s.’s on reverse

Rare P0stally used cover from china CDS Swatow to shanghai ,move to batavia Batavia in 1898

China, 1898 (24 June) envelope to the Imperial General Consulate in Shanghai (28.6) redirected to Batavia, Netherlands East Indies (13.9) via Hong Kong (2.9) bearing I.C.P. 2c. and 4c., cancelled by “Swatow” dollar dater, showing the appropriate transit c.d.s. on reverse including “N.-I. Agent Singapore” squared circle d.s. (8.9), envelope a little roughly opened at top, very fine strike of the dollar dater and full of character.

The Postally used postcard from Germany vonaugusberg Cds to Padang destination CDS 29.7.1898

1898, Privatganzsache von Augsburg mit ZuF 5 Pfg. als Auslandsverwendung mit der sehr seltenen Destination Padang auf Sumatra, dort mit zwei Ankunftstempeln versehen!

1899

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1899 (Jan 25). 5c blue on blue postal stationery card used to Breslau and up-rated for registered usage with 1883 2½c yellow and 1892 10c orange brown tied by MADIOEN squared circle datestamp, various transits. Scott 19,23.

 

Unusual 1899, 5 C. ultra canc. „REMBANG 17 5 1899″ on complete printed matter (some toning) to Buenos Aires/Argentina, on revese transits SEMARANG, WELTEVREDEN and arrival ”BUENOS AIRES JL 13 1899

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1899 (Dec 12). 5 c. pìnk stationery envelope, apparently unaccepted as postage and cancelled by crayon ´stripe´ in blue, up-rated with 1898 2 c. brown, 2 1/2 c. green and 3 c. orange all tied by ROTTERDAM cds´s used to ST PIERRE MIQUELON with arrival cds at left, and returned back from there on Jan 8th 1900. Small faults but scarce destination. Scott 59-61.

NETHERLAND INDIES : 1899 P./Stat 15c canc. PADANG to VALPARAISO, taxed on arrival with
CHILE 4c(x2) POSTAGE-DUE. Vvf.

 

1899

 

THE 10 CENT PLAKZEGEL VAN NEDERLANSCHE INDIE

(1)  6.5.1899(earliest date)

 

 

 

1899

President of Javasche bank

25/03/1899 – 18/02/1906 J. Reijsenbach
Reijsenbach was President of the Javasche Bank from March 25, 1899. After the Eight Exclusive Right was established, Reijsenbach resigned and was honorably discharged per February 28, 1906. Reijsenbach died on December 1, 1918.

 

1900-1911

1900

Dutch Indies NVPH 31-37 MNH

1900 – Hulpuitgifte Zegels van Nederland v/d uitgifte 1899 overdrukt in zwart

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) serie met fotocertificaat C. Muis aug. 2005 – enkele zegels met velrand!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 625,00++

 

Dutch Indies 79 a hinged

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina met foutdruk “JAVA” hoogstaande overdruk in zwart

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel + certificaat C Muis 1999

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 275,00

 

Unusual 1900 (31 Jan). Tegal – Belgium. 10c stat King env + 2 adtls. Queen W, tied cds + French octagonal pqbt Ligne N + reg label. VF

  1. (23 Oct) Medan to Ond Beierland/Holland. 10c on 20c blue King stationery with adtl. 15c yellow brown Queen strip (Sc. 33), tied c.d.s., registration label alongside. Transit and arrival c.d.s on reverse. Fine.[ 8665]

 

  1. Medan to Ond Beiejeland. 10c on 10c violet King stationery with adtl. 15c brown yellow (Sc. 33) Queen stamp, tied c.d.s., also alongside. Registration red and black label on front. Transit on reverse “N-I Post agent Penang” and arrival c.d.s. Fine.[ 8666]

 

1900  NED.INDIE REVENUE STAMP 10 CENT  DEI 2nd issued revenue , (please report the HIGNHEST NOMINAL )

 

 

 

 

 

 Image result for Bencoolen 1900

Bencoolen 1900

 Image result for A trio of European women dressed in sarong, with the background of Fort Marlborough Bencoolen

 Image result for A trio of European women dressed in sarong, with the background of Fort Marlborough Bencoolen


Source: KITLV
A trio of European women dressed in sarong,
with the background of Fort Marlborough Bencoolen – 1920
Source: Tropenmuseum

 

The dutch continued to occupy Fort Marlborough until the scond word war and after the fall of sumatra it was then occupied by the japanese army.

March 1942 – August 1945
Fort Marlborough was captured by Imperial Japanese Army. The Prison chamber was purposed for Japanese internment camp.


Compass and Message that scratched on the wall by Japanese Prisoner of War 1942-45

 

Following the surrender of the japanese in 1945 the fort was again briefly occupied by the dutch.

After independence For Marlboroug was used by the indonesian army and police force until it was abandonednin the late 1970’s. The fort remains in its present state following a sympathetic restorasion programme which was carrid out in the late out 1980’s.

 

1901

Military leaders and Dutch politicians said they had a moral duty to free the Indonesian peoples from indigenous rulers who were oppressive, backward, or did not respect international law.[10] Although Indonesian rebellions broke out, direct colonial rule was extended throughout the rest of the archipelago from 1901 to 1910 and control taken from the remaining independent local rulers.[11] Southwestern Sulawesi was occupied in 1905–06, the island of Bali was subjugated with military conquests in 1906 and 1908, as were the remaining independent kingdoms in Maluku, Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Nusa Tenggara.[12][7] Other rulers including the Sultans of Tidore in Maluku, Pontianak (Kalimantan), and Palembang in Sumatra, requested Dutch protection from independent neighbours thereby avoiding Dutch military conquest and were able to negotiate better conditions under colonial rule.[13] The Bird’s Head Peninsula (Western New Guinea), was brought under Dutch administration in 1920. This final territorial range would form the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.

 

PS fr. with 10c. French stamp cancelled with “LA CANEA CRETE 8 MAR. 01″, via “ALEXANDRIE”, “SUEZ/AMBULANT”, “WELTEVREDEN” and “BATAVIA”, arr. “MEDAN” (Sumatra Indes Netherlands). EXTREMELY RARE destination.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1902

Dutch Indies NVPH 40-47 MNH

1902 – 09 Cijferserie Vürtheim

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) serie

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH 200,00++

Dutch Indies NVPH 40a-49a MNH

1902 – 09  – Cijferserie Vürtheim met loslatende kleuren!! – be carefull , us no water to save the colour of the stamp!!!

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) serie

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH 300,00++

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 40-59 MNH

1902 – 09 Cijferserie Vürtheim + Koningin Wilhelmina

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) serie met de hoge waarden + fotocertificaat C Muis – zeer schaars!!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH 1567,50++

 

  1. 12 1/2 c. Grey stationery envelope used to SOERABAJA franked by strip of three and single 2 1/2 c. on 3 c. violet all tied SOERABAJA squared circle datestamps. SG 119.

 

  1. Padang – Switzerland. Fwded with New franking. 5c stat card + 3x 2 1/2 adtls. Cancelled blue SOLOK box cds. VF scarce doble fkd forwarded mail.[

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1903

Dutch Indies NVPH 48-57 MNH

1903 – 09 Koningin Wilhelmina

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) complete serie

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 767,50

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 48-57 MNH

1903 – 09 Koningin Wilhelmina

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) complete serie + cert Muis

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 767,50+++ zeer schaars!!!!!!!

Dutch Indies NVPH 56 MNH

1903 -1909    Koningin Wilhelmina – Veth

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH €  225,00

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 58 A MNH

1903 -1909   Koningin Wilhelmina – Veth – zegel – Type A

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel –

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 300,00++++

Dutch Indies NVPH 59 D

1903 -1909 Koningin Wilhelmina – Veth – D – lijntanding 11

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH 300,00++

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 58 B – 59 C MNH

1903 -1909   Koningin Wilhelmina – Veth – 58 B – 59 C Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegels + fotocertificaat C. Muis

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 600,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 59 D MNH

1903 -1909 Koningin Wilhelmina – Veth – D – lijntanding 11

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH 300,00++

 

  1. 12 1/2 c. Optd stationery envelope used to ST GALLEN with additional 1900 15 c., 20 c. with 1902 2 1/2 c. on 3 c., all tied MENADO squared circle datestamps with WELTVREDEN transit on reverse of colourful cover. SG 113, 114, 119.

Unusual 1903. Soerabaja – DWI, fwded USA. Fkd PPC via St Thomas + Frederiksted. On front “Postal Agent Penang” cds (xx) + aux pmk. Dest+.[

1903

Under the Decentralization Act (Decentralisatiewet) issued in 1903 and the Decree on decentralization (Decentralisasi Besluit) and the Local Council Ordinance (Ordinance Raden Locale) from the date of 1 April 1906 set as the gemeente (municipality) the governing otonomom. The decision further strengthens the function of the city of Bandung as a center of government, especially Dutch Colonial government in Bandung. Originally Gemeente Bandung
Led by the Assistant Resident Priangan as Chairman of the Board of the City (Gemeenteraad), but since 1913, led by burgemeester gemeente (mayor).

 

 

Uncommon 1903. (26 May) Batavia to Berlin/Canada. 10c grey Queen stationery envelope with adtl. franking 20c green Queen stamp, 2c and 3c (Sc. 34, 40, 42) all tied c.d.s.’s, registration label alongside. Via Weltevrenden, London/UK, Toronto and arrival pmks on reverse

 

 

 

Uncommon 1903. Batavia to Berlin/Canada. Registered 20c green Queen issue stationery envelope with adtl. franking 5c ultramarine (Sc. 22) 2½ on 3c violet x2 (Sc. 47), and 2½c green x2 (Sc. 41), tied c.d.s.’s registration label alongside, with several transits and arrival pmks on reverse, including Montreal. Most appealing multiple franking on an unusual stationery

 

 

 

  1. Weltevreden to Quiphon/Indochine.

PRINTED MATTER RATE small envelope sent by the french Consulate in Batavia. (cachet on reverse), bearing sing 2½ on 3c violet (Sc. 47) tied c.d.s. Very rare rate and destination.

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1903.

Image result for padang panjang Picture post card to Holland   tied by PADANG PANDJANG

Picture post card to Holland bearing 5 cents blue (SG 93) and 2 1/2 on 3 cents purple (SG 119) tied by PADANG PANDJANG squared circle routed via Padang with GRAVENHAGE arrival

1903/05, three different surcharged stat. envelopes incl. Wilhelmina 20c on 20c green uprated with 1/2c violet on reverse registered from PADANG (11.7.1903) to Batavia, Wilhelmina 15c on 15c brown uprated with 20c olive black registered from PROBOLINGGO (17.1.1905, some toning) to Germany and King Willem 10 on 10c blue uprated with 10c + 15c stamps registered from BATAVIA (7.3.1905) to Germany, all with arrival postmarks on reverse

 

1904

The Dutch East Indies never had a coat of arms of its own.

The coat of arms of Batavia was often considered as such and it is said that Governor General Van Heutz (1904-‘09) was a strong advocate of the idea.

A proposal for a coat of arms was made in 1933 by Dirk Rühl on the frontispeice of his “Nederlandsch Indische Gemeentewapens”. His design shows a parted per pale of the Netherlands and Batavia.However, no specific coat of arms for the Dutch East Indies was ever adopted

1905

Image result for Pemalang lang stempel

Pemalang Lang stempel(Halte stempel)

  1. Postal stationary envelope 10 on 20 cents olive upgraded with 5 cents rose (Sg 126) and 10 cents slate (SG 128) cancelled by handstruck PEMALANG with TEGAL squared circle and PEMALANG registered label routed via Weltevreden. To Brabant Nederland Very fine and scarce.
  2. Djokjakarta 8.7.05 to – Germany.Cerlin 10.8.06 Postal stationer 7 1/2 cent

Netherlands Indies: PPC (Caroet; Aloon-Aloon) franked by 1/2 +2+5c, posted at TANDJONGERIOK on 8.5.1905, transit WELTVREDEN, arrival pmk Salzburg, Austria

 

 

 

1905

Price: € 250.00

 

 

1905,

dek. Jugdenstil-AK ab Medan nach Barmen mit gutem Nebenstempel N.I. AGENT SINGAPORE[ Brief]

 

 

 

 

 

1905, dek. Jugdenstil-AK ab Medan nach Barmen mit gutem Nebenstempel N.I. AGENT SINGAPORE[ Brief]

 

  1. Weltevreden Batavia vai Tandjongpriok –to Middleberg Netherlands. 7 1/2c stat card. VF
  2. Tegal – via weltevreden batavia to Germany. 7 1/2c stat card. Fine

1905, stationery card QV 3 C. scarlet canc. „PENANG B JY 8 1905” to Netherlands w. 29 JUL arrival, senders date „Sabang, 3 Juli 05 Hotel Ceram

  1. Medan to London. P.P.C. franked 2½ orange (Sc. 19) and 5c red (Sc 44) MIXED usage, tied c.d.s. “Post Agent Penang” c.d.s. alongside.[ 7843]

1905, INCOMING MAIL: Nederlandisch Indien 2 1/2 C und 5 C auf Ansichtskarte (Sanatoriom TOSARI, Karte leicht stockig) vom „SOERABAJA 20.1.1905” via San Francisco nach Papeete, Tahiti.

Rare 1905, 10 Pfg Schiffszeichnung entwertet mit Dienstsiegel von Ponape auf „Gruss von…” Ansichtskarte nach Makassar via Batavia, Soerabaja und Victoria/Hong-Kong,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1906

Dutch Indies 60-61 MNH + Cert M. +

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina op blauw papier (loslatende kleuren)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegels met fotocertificaat C. Muis sept. 2010 – schaars in deze kwaliteit!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 775,00++ (omgerekend via NVPH cat. naar PF)

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 60 B MNH

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina op blauw papier (loslatende kleuren – be carefull no water!!!)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel  –  Cat. waarde (value) NVPH €  250,00++ (omgerekend via NVPH cat. naar PF)

Dutch Indies NVPH 61 A MNH

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina op blauw papier (loslatende kleuren)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel  – schaars in deze kwaliteit!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH €  480,00++ (omgerekend via NVPH cat. naar PF)

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 60 B MNH

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina op blauw papier (loslatende kleuren – be carefull no water!!!)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel  –  Cat. waarde (value) NVPH €  250,00++ (omgerekend via NVPH cat. naar PF)

 

 

DEI port 1906 on the postcard from destination CDS soerabia 17.9.1906

1906 (Aug. 22). Postcard to SOERABAJA franked by Reichpost 10pf. carmine tied by RIXDORF cds, underpaid and charged on arrival with Netherlands East Indies Postage Due 2½c. and 10c. black & red tied by SOERABAJA</B< div>

2 cent op drukwerk van Haarlem naar Soekaboemi 17-12-1906, strook D?c?d?. op achterzijde en via ‘bureau rebuten Batavia’ en ‘bureel der rebuten Hoofdbestuur der post:&Tel. 25-10-1907’ retour naar Haarlem,

1906

01/07/1906 – 31/10/1912 G. Vissering (LL.M.)
By decree of February 2, 1906, Vissering,  Director of the Amsterdamsche Bank was appointed as Director of the Javasche Bank.Vissering resigned on October 31, 1912.31/10/1912 – 01/07/1924 E.A. Zeilinga Azn.
In April 1907 Zeilinga started as Director of the Bank and was promoted to President per October 31, 1912. Zeilinga resigned after almost 12 years of serving as President and was honorably discharged on July 1, 1924. (Azn.stands for the Dutch “Abrahamzoon” which means “Son of Abraham”)

 

 

 

1907

1907, Ansichtskarte von Eski-Chehir nach Java, von dort umgeleitet nach Soerabaja, neben dem nicht lesbaren Aufgabestempel (vermutlich Smyrna) noch 6 andere Stempel, interessant

1907

unidentified building in batavia postcard 1907

 

Postally used Soerabaia picture postcard send to Boheme

Dutch East Indies: PPC (Chinese Locksmith) franked by 2 1/2c, posted at SOERABAJA on 7 DEC 1907, sent to Bohemia, arrival pmk Praha

Netherlands Indies: PPC (Bataksche Kampong) franked by 1/2 + 2c, posted at INDRAMAJOE on 26.7.1907, transit CHERIBOB & WELTVREDEN, sent to Prague, Austria. Nice card

Dutch East Indies: PPC (Nude native) on picture side franked by 2 1/2c, posted at INDRAMAJOE on 2.11.1907 (= Java), transit Cheribon, sent to Prague, Bohemia

Dutch East Indies: PPC (Chinese soup kitchen, Litho) franked by 2 1/2c, posted at INDRAMAJOE on 9.9.1907 (= Java), transit Cheribon & Weltevreden, sent to Prague, Bohemia

1907, LADY MINTO’S FETE: Group with the three stamps mint and the special red cross circled postmark on uprated QV 9p Soldiers’ and Seamen’s Env., KE PS card and env, on cover, and on PPC ‘The Inland Steamer ”SERANG” ‘, fine/very fine and attractive

KPM ship ss serang

1908

Dutch Indies NVPH 63-80 MNH

1908 – Koningin Wilhelmina overdrukt in zwart met “JAVA”

Prachtige complete postfrisse (MNH) serie + fotocertificaat C Muis

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 1100,00+++

Uit deze serie kunt u zolang de extra voorraad strekt ook losse nummers bestellen tegen 45% van de cat. prijs per e-mail of via het contactformulier.

 

 

Duitch Indies NVPH 75 MNH

1908 – Koningin Wilhelmina overdrukt in zwart met “JAVA”

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 20,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 79 MNH

1908 – Koningin Wilhelmina overdrukt in zwart met “JAVA” – nr. 79

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel + fotocertificaat C. Muis

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 275,00

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 80 a hinged

1906 – 08 Koningin Wilhelmina met foutdruk “JAVA” hoogstaande overdruk in zwart

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met fotocertificaat NVPH en keurstempeltje – zeer zeldzaam!!!!!!!!!!!! 80a –

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 3500,00++

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 79 a hinged

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina met foutdruk “JAVA” hoogstaande overdruk in zwart

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 275,00

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 79 a MNH

1906 – 08 Koningin Wilhelmina met foutdruk “JAVA” hoogstaande overdruk in zwart

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met fotocertificaat C. Muis

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 750,00++ Mocht het certificaat onduidelijk zijn, klik dan nogmaals op het certificaat en Windows zorgt voor een scherpe afdruk!!!!!

Dutch Indies NVPH 79 a used

1906 – 08    Koningin Wilhelmina met foutdruk “JAVA” hoogstaande overdruk in zwart

Prachtige gebruikte (used) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 400,00

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 77 a MNH

1908 – Zegels der uitgiften 1902/03-1909 overdrukt in zwart met hoogstaande “JAVA”

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) zegel met volle originele gom

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 200,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 74 f MNH

1908 – Zegel der uitgiften 1902/03-1909 overdrukt in zwart met kopstaande “JAVA”

Prachtige schaarse postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 45,00+

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 81-98 hinged

1908 – Koningin Wilhelmina met overdruk in zwart “BUITEN BEZIT”

Prachtige complete ongebruikte (hinged) serie

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 300,00

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 98 MNH

1908 – Koningin Wilhelmina met overdruk in zwart “BUITEN BEZIT”

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 425,00++

Dutch Indies NVPH 97 f used

1908 – Foutdruk “Bezit Buiten” met kopstaande opdruk – 1 gld doflila

Prachtige gebruikte (used) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH ca. € 300,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 97 f inverted MNH

1908 – Foutdruk “Bezit Buiten” met kopstaande (inverted) opdruk – 1 gld doflila

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met keur Hekker en fotocertificaat Bakker –

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 600,00++++ z e e r  s c h a a r s!!!

Dutch Indies NVPH 98 f inverted hinged

1908 – Foutdruk “Bezit Buiten” met kopstaande (inverted) opdruk – 2,5 gld zwartblauw

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met fotocertificaat      H. Vleeming

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 3500,00+++ – zeldzame zegel!!!

Top of Form

€ 2595,00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom of Form

 

  1. Cheribon to Lille/France. P.P.C. bearing 2½° green and ½violet (Sc.38,41), cancelled Indramade, with “Naposttiji” straightline alongside, also Cheribon d.s. Printed matter rate. Fine[ 7876]

Dutch East Indies: PPC (Blauwwater) franked by 2 1/2c, posted at INDRAMAJOE on 21 JUN 1908 (= Java), box pmk NAPOSTTIJD, sent to Prague, Bohemia

 

 

 

 

1909

Java: PPC (Garoel/ Hotel Rupert) franked by 5c (ovpt JAVA on Neth. Indies), posted at Indramajoe on 15/5 1909, sent to Finland (!! Unique destination), arrival pmk Helsingfors 17.6.08; box pmk NAPOSTEIJD. Nice item

1910

Peanger Hotel bandung wsst java 1910

 

Braga street Bandung West Java 1910

 

1910, 3 C. Java bs. auf AK “Soerabaia Hofdaltaar” mit “Soerabaja 17.2.10”, nicht gelaufen

Unusual 1910. Soerabaja to Bangkok-2/Siam. 5c red stationery, cancelled c.d.s. Singapore c.d.s. transit and arrival c.d.s. on front. Fine and scarce

IRC international reply coupon 14 cent of Pay Bas Nederland CDS Sgravenhage and Soerakarta 18.9.1910

1910, Postkarte mit Vielfarben-Frankatur von Niederländisch Indien (Indonesien) aus Sabang 7.2.1910 an einen Bootsmannsmaat des Panzerkreuzers SMS “Scharnhorst”, der sich zu dieser Zeit in Sabang aufhielt. Seit 1909 war “Scharnhorst” das Flaggschiff des Ostasiatischen Kreuzergeschwaders unter dem Admiral Graf Spee. Nach Beginn des 1. Weltkriegs 1914 erfolgreiche Seeschlacht von Coronel (Chile) gegen britische Seestreitkräfte; Untergang des Schiffes mit der gesamten Besatzung am 8.12.1915 in der Schlacht bei den Falkland-Inseln. Karte mit Randbug. Dazu Foto-Ansichtskarte des Schiffes

 

  1. Medan to Punjab/India. Envelope bearing Queen Wilhelmina 25c violet (Sc. 27) tied c.d.s., also alongside “Moga” c.d.s. transit on front, several on reverse, including portuguese India Tuticorin, with YELLOW PRINTED label of postal readressing/return, tied c.d.s. V.fine and most unusual.[ 7849]

Antonio Torres Worldwide net price sale nr. 51

Closing: Oct 21 – Mar 31, 2012

Bid Info: Price: $ 325.00

  1. (16 July) Medan to Ond-Beierland/Holland. 10c on 12½c grey King stationery with adtl 15c yellow brown Queen stamp (Sc. 33), tied c.d.s., with registration label alongside. Transit and arrival pmk on reverse and five wax seals. A few minimal spots, otherwise still fine.[ 8664]

Antonio Torres Worldwide net price sale nr. 51

Closing: Oct 21 – Mar 31, 2012

Bid Info: Price: $ 100.00

  1. (23 Oct) Medan to Ond Beierland/Holland. 10c on 20c blue King stationery with adtl. 15c yellow brown Queen strip (Sc. 33), tied c.d.s., registration label alongside. Transit and arrival c.d.s on reverse. Fine.[ 8665]

Antonio Torres Worldwide net price sale nr. 51

Closing: Oct 21 – Mar 31, 2012

Bid Info: Price: $ 120.00

  1. Medan to Ond Beiejeland. 10c on 10c violet King stationery with adtl. 15c brown yellow (Sc. 33) Queen stamp, tied c.d.s., also alongside. Registration red and black label on front. Transit on reverse “N-I Post agent Penang” and arrival c.d.s. Fine.[ 8666]

Antonio Torres Worldwide net price sale nr. 51

Closing: Oct 21 – Mar 31, 2012

Bid Info: Price: $ 120.00

 

 

 

 

 

1911

Dutch Indies NVPH Dienst 1-7 hinged

1911 – Dienstzegels met overdruk in zwart

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) complete serie – schaars!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 125,00

Top of Form

€ 63,00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 1-7 MNH

 

1911 – Dienstzegels met overdruk in zwart

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) complete serie + fotocertificaat NKD!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 600,00++

Top of Form

€ 465,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 2f hinged

 

1911 – Dienstzegels met overdruk in zwart –

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) kopstaande (inverted) zegel met keurstempeltje – uitstekende centrering

Cat. waarde (value) € 350,00++

 

Top of Form

€ 225,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 3 f hinged

 

1911 – Dienstzegels met overdruk in zwart –

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) kopstaande (inverted) zegel met keur Hekker – uitstekende centrering

Cat. waarde (value) € 325,00++

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 7f hinged

 

1911 – Dienstzegels met kopstaande (inverted) overdruk in zwart – 2,50 gld

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel + keurstempeltje Ned. Bond

Cat. waarde (value) € 750,00+++

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 9f MNH

1911 – Frankeerzegels der uitgiften1883 en 1902 -1909 overdrukt in zwart 1/2 ct lila kopstaand (inverted)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – schaars!!

Cat. waarde (value) € 75,00++++ (In de NVPH cat. ontbreekt de PF kolom)

Top of Form

€ 162,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service12f MNH (scan B)

 

1911 – Dienstzegels met kopstaande (inverted) overdruk in zwart

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 15,00++++ – in de NVPH cat. ontbreekt de PF kolom!

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 21f hinged

1911 – Dienstzegels met kopstaande (inverted) overdruk in zwart

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met keurstempeltje Ned. Bond

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 225,00+++

Top of Form

€ 195,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 21f MNH

1911 – Dienstzegels met kopstaande (inverted) overdruk in zwart

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met een originele gomvouw!!!! – original gum-fold!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 937,00+++ – omgerekend naar PF vanuit de NVPH cat.

Top of Form

€ 395,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 24f hinged

1911 – Dienstzegels met kopstaande (inverted) overdruk in zwart – 24f

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met keurstempeltje (mark!!)

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 250,00

Top of Form

€ 145,00

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service18f MNH

 

1911 – Frankeerzegels der uitgiften 1883 en 1902 -1909 overdrukt in zwart 121/2 ct blauw kopstaand (inverted)

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 50,00++++ – (In NVPH cat. ontbreekt de PF kolom)

Top of Form

€ 112,00

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Service 27 B MNH

1911 – Dienstzegel met overdruk in zwart – B lijntanding 11,5 : 11

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!!

Cat. waarde (value) ca. € 325,00 (in de NVPH cat. ontbreekt de PF kolom)

Bottom of Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1903 (Oct 21). Cover with printed GERMAN CONSULATE in DELI, SUMATRA (Timor), used to VIENNA with July 1900 25c. on 25c. carmine & blue tied by MEDAN squared circle datestamps. Reverse with German Consular wafer seal in blue and N.I. Postagent Penang squared circle transit (rare) and Vienna arrival cds (Nov 14). Scott 35.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The End

Copyright @Dr Iwan 2016

Please look another E-Boook in CD-ROM

iNDONESIA1900. dAI NIPPON IN jAVA 1942-1945, iNDONESIAN iNDEPENDENT rEVOLUTUION AND WAR 1945-1950, AND pADANG prri ETC

tHANKS FOR VIDSIT dRIWANCYBERMUSEUM WEB BLOG

 

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Consultan Information

 

 

 

Advertisements

DEI HISTORY COLLECTIONS PART FOUR

THIS E-BOOK ONLY SAMPLE NOT COMPLETE ILLUSTRATION, THE COMPLETE ILLUSTRATION EXIST ONLY TEN CD-Rom

Copyright @ Dr Iwan 2016

If you want buy the complete E-Book, please contact iwansuwandy@gmail.com, please upload your iD-Card copy with complete adress and shorth working history, and to more communication you must be my web blog Premium member with tarnsfer US 25,- or send enenvelope via airmail with stamps or old money with the same value. The price of this CD-Rom Only US 100.-

1855

 Image result for DEI one cent coin in 1855

The rare limited edition first nederland Indie one cent castcoin in 1855,the half cent more rare unique I don’t have it(Dr iwan note)

Lettre frappée du cachet bleu ovale SAMARANG FRANCO, datée de 1855 à destination de BATAVIA. Sup.; lettre; Précurseur

 Image result for Batavia - NY - Belgium. Stampless env. red paid 5 +

  1. Batavia – NY – Belgium. Stampless env. red paid 5 + via Boston with BRITISH + AMERICAN PACKET marks (9 Jan – 17 Jan). Belgium entry charges. Boats charged at Boston. Very interesting p history item

1856

Image result for Regent Bandung RA Wiranatakusumah

Based on data from various sources, the development of fully Bandung carried out by a number of people under the leadership of Regent Bandung RA Wiranatakusumah II. Therefore, it can be said that the regents RA Wiranatakusumah II is the founder of (the founding father) of Bandung.
The development of the city of Bandung and its strategic location in the middle Priangan, has encouraged the emergence of the idea of
the Dutch East Indies government in 1856 to move Capital Keresiden Priangan from Cianjur to Bandung

Hotel der Nederlanden kunnen kiezen en toen op een dag in 1856 kwam Douwes Dekker voorbij, mogelijk op weg naar de Franse kleermaker Oger Frèves tegenover Societeit De Harmonie.

En natuurlijk moet dit er dan even bij, de voetnoot onder bijna ieder Nederlands-Indië verhaal van Aad :

……een roofstaat aan de Noordzee……
            …..dat spoorwegen bouwt van gestolen geld en tot
            betaling de bestolene bedwelmt met
            opium, Evangelie en jenever…

Aan U durf ik met vertrouwen te vragen of het
            Uw wil is dat daarginds Uw meer dan dertig
            millioenen onderdanen worden mishandeld en
            uitgezogen in UWEN naam?

 

 

 

 

 

1857

Image result for Hong Kong, 1858 (14 Mar.) entire letter

Hong Kong, 1858 (14 Mar.) entire letter from Hong Kong to Netherlands (28.4) “per land mail via Triest” showing very fine “Paid/at/Hong Kong” small Crowned Circle in red (Webb type 11) with “Hong Kong” double-arc d.s. on reverse, handstruck (at Trieste) blue framed “6¼” and manuscript ratings, fine, another scarce destination for a Crowned Circle.

1857

Dirk Anthonius Varkevisser, an official of the Dutch East Indies government, was born in Samarang (present-day Semarang in Central Java) on 11th July 1800 and passed away on 4th January 1857 in Batavia. He was the former Dutch resident of Pasuruan (in east Java, near to the city of Surabaya), and he was also knighted and conferred the Order of the Netherlands Lion, a Dutch order awarded to eminent individuals from all walks of life, including generals, ministers, mayors, leading scientists, industrialists and high ranking civil servants, among others

 

1 C. als EF auf Kab-Drucksache 1857 mit blauem K2 BALT. PAID. nach Halifax in Canada, hs. Land Mail

1857

 

Insolvency~

The Indian Rebellion of 1857, known to the British as the “Great Mutiny” (also known as First War of Indian Independence), brought the consequence that the British government nationalized the EIC indirectly.

 

After this rebellion, the EIC lost all its administrative powers and dissolved on 1st of January

 

 

een van de eerste foto’s van Woodbury & Page

1857 Java

de tijger werd later “bijgeplakt” ???
We hebben dus nu zoo’n mooi foto album gekocht van Woodbury & Page en spoedden ons weer voorzichtig terug naar ons Hotel Des Indes, want wat we zojuist hebben gekocht is over zoo’n 150 jaar heel zeldzaam….

Woodbury & Page
werkzaam zijn, bij wie je prachtige foto’s van Batavia en omgeving kon verkrijgen.

het atelier van Woodbury & Page in Batavia

met het Britse wapenschild boven hun namen

Woodbury & Page in Batavia nemen het er even van en terecht….
Nu moet Aad eerlijk bekennen dat het nooit precies duidelijk is geworden wie is nu Woodbury en wie is nu Page. Maar in alle oude fotoboeken over o.m. Batavia kom je (bijna) altijd tegen dat de foto is genomen door Woodbury & Page…..dankzij hen kun je je helemaal verdiepen in het oude Batavia, wat Aad dus heel graag doet met al zijn boeken met foto’s van Woodbury & Page

Reeds in 1857 begonnen Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834 – 1885) en James Page (1833 – 1865) hun atelier in Batavia. Zij maakten grote reportages niet alleen van Batavia, maar ook van Java en dan natuurlijk altijd in de vroege nog koele ochtend, helaas dus zelden met een Europeaan op de foto. Later kwam nog een broer Henry James Woodbury erbij.
Uit advertenties is af te leiden dat je bij hen komplete albums kon kopen, nu natuurlijk onbetaalbaar en zeldzaam, maar gelukkig is er een paar jaar geleden een prachtig overzichtsboek verschenen door Aad binnen een dag gefinancierd….

Want als een van je hobbies Nederlands-Indië is, dan kun je ademloos naar een foto van Woodbury & Page kijken en dan weten dat hier ooit o.m. Loudon, van Swieten, Snouck Hurgronje, Köhler, van Daalen, Christoffel en natuurlijk de bekendere Van Heutsz en Colijn hebben rondgelopen. Wie dit allemaal waren :

Klik hier als je wilt zoeken via Aad’s Freefind search engine, vul in het venster jouw woord in, bijvoorbeeld Heutsz en klik op ENTER

De onderstaande foto is een van de eerste van Woodbury & Page geweest, waarschijnlijk uit 1857, de beroemde tijger foto gemaakt ergens op Java. De tijger sprong te vlug en daarom, aldus het verhaal, is de tijger er later “bijgeplakt”

 

 look more info from another e-book like below

Warong (food stall) in Batavia (Jakarta) 1915

Warong (food stall) in Batavia (Jakarta) 1915

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Grand Homann Hotel, Java

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Java school. 1920.

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Javanese beauty c.1930.

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A Javanese Princess of Mangkunegaran Dynasty circa 1938…

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Tempo Doeloe <a class="pintag searchlink" data-query="%2325" data-type="hashtag" href="/search/?q=%2325&rs=hashtag" rel="nofollow" title="#25 search Pinterest">#25</a> - Jakarta, 1919
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Tempo Doeloe <a class="pintag searchlink" data-query="%2389" data-type="hashtag" href="/search/?q=%2389&rs=hashtag" rel="nofollow" title="#89 search Pinterest">#89</a> - Batavia, Pabrik Rokok Ant. Justman, 1909
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Warong (food stall) in Batavia (Jakarta) 1915

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Two sides of a duit, a coin minted in 1735 by the VOC. This Day in History: Mar 20, 1602: Dutch East India Company founded <a href="http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">dingeengoete.blog...</a>

Two sides of a duit, a 

 

 

1858

ORDONASI REVENUE ON INSURANCE POLISH  1858

 

 

 

1859

1859

The Banjarmasin War (1859–1863) in southeast Kalimantan resulted in the defeat of the Sultan

1859

Legendary story of Banjar War
Many legendary stories in Banjar War period that lasted from 1859 until 1865. one of which there are death squads called the Army War Beratib Ba-mall. Until now, the name of the force is still very legendary ….

Beginning of the conflict in the palace of Sultan Tahmudiah Banjar is when I died. He has a son who still small. Therefore, for while the power is held by Prince Tamjidillah I, brother, Sultan Tahmidillah I. But in fact, Prince Tamjidillah I not only became the guardian of his nephew was a kid, but took control with a smooth and would not return

the son of Sultan Tahmidillah I. Even to strengthen its position as the Sultan of his descendants in the future, Banjar land handed over to the Netherlands. Then by the Dutch were given to the Sultan hakPemerintahan Tamjid I and his descendants.

Therefore there was an armed uprising of Prince Amir (Prince Antasari a hero’s grandfather), a descendant of Sultan Tahmidillah I. However, resistance can be broken by the Dutch. He was later exiled to Ceylon or Sri Lanka.

To reconcile these two offspring, then, Adam Sultan Al Wasique Billah who is a descendant of Sultan Tamjidillah I married his daughter to Prince Antasari. But alas, the Queen died before giving Antasari trigger descent.

In addition, Prince Sultan Muda Abdurrahrnan also had a concubine of the Chinese nation. In 1817 the mistress gave birth to a son. Young Prince Sultan Abdurrahman wanting sons became crown prince. Therefore then freed and married her legally and was named the Big Nyai Aminah. While his son was named Prince Tamjidilllah,

Young Prince Sultan Abdurrahman desire is opposed by the grandfather and father of Sultan Sulaiman and Adam Sultan Al Wasiqu `Billah. They forced the young Prince Sultan Abdurrahman himself married to a cousin of Queen Siti, Miss Mangkubumi Nata.

Nata Mangkubumi besedia Young married his daughter to Prince Sultan Abdurrahman condition, later-born son will be king when the Sultan Muda died. This provision was approved, and the Sultan Muda had made a will on anyone who is entitled to the throne of the Sultanate of Banjar.

In Prince 1822Iahirlah Hidayatutlah. A few years later died so jabatan’tersebut Mangkubumi Nata. is empty. This opportunity was used by Prince Tamjid best, namely the Netherlands requested that appointed him in the Sultanate Mangkubumi Banjar. `With pleasure, of course, the Dutch agreed to because it will benefit the ‘they.’

In 1852 the Young Prince Sultan Abdurrahman died suddenly. A day later with Pengeran Tamjid secretly sent a letter to the Resident of the Dutch in Yogyakarta to appoint him as the heir apparent to the promised delivery of the Sultanate of Banjar areas that prompted the Dutch origin of the request is approved. Once again the Dutch Prince’s request Tamjid, because this is an opportunity for the Dutch reap the fish in troubled waters, as well as running the political divide et empera: glassware and colonize.

On June 10, 1852 the Dutch crown prince Tamjid become crown prince. Of course this appointment caused angry reactions to the nobility, clergy and community on Prince Tamjid and its allies, especially the Dutch.

In April 1853, Sultan Adam, Son of the Young Prince Sultan Abdurrahman sent envoys to Batavia to meet with Governor General of Dutch East Indies in order to request the cancellation of the appointment of justice PangeranTamjid become crown prince and Prince Setting Hidayatullah become crown prince in accordance with the testament of Sultan Adam. But this request was rejected by the Dutch East Indies governor. This adds to the heat of the political climate in the Kingdom of Banjar Prince Tamjid so do not dare to live in the palace which is located diIbukota Banjar Jewels Temple (City of Gems) that the person called Banjar City Martapura now Martapura Banjar regency’s capital.

Tamjid Prince Sultan fled to Banjarmasin. To cool the political atmosphere is getting warmer, finally. HidayatuIlah into Dutch raised Pengeran Mangkubumi previously held by PangeranTamjid and set PangeranTamjid as crown prince. Besides capturing the Dutch Prince and banished him to the King Anom Banjarmasin because it is considered as a provocateur who oppose the decisions of the Netherlands.

To avoid unwanted things to his son, then, the Sultan had come to accompany Prince Adam King moved to Banjarmasin Anom. When gering, or severe illness, he was taken to the palace in Martapura Banjar. On November 01, 1857 he died and was buried in Martapura

On 3 November 1857 the Dutch crown prince as the king’s successor Sultan Tamjid Adam, and the Prince immediately ordered the arrest of Prince Tamjid Anom King then threw to Bogor, West Java.

In 1858, there is a continual movement of people who want to restore the kingdom of culture and the concessions that have been damaged due to the inclusion of power penjajajah Netherlands.

EMERGENCE bead cherished daughter of froth

Mentioned, magical princess who emerged from the foaming whirlpools, then by Gastric Mangkurat crowned as queen in the Kingdom of Dipa Nagara, and then married to the Majapahit royal palace, Raden Putra

After marriage with Princess Bubble cherished, Raden Putra became king in the Kingdom under the name Prince Dipa Nagara Ananta Surya (son of the sun). According to legend Banjar society, they both, in the end mokswa or disappear into the invisible realm and became a ruler in the palace of Magical Mountain Pamaton

According to public confidence, they could both dripping or possessed bodies of people they want.

Thus, when the political temperature in the Kingdom of Banjar is getting hot because the Dutch intervened at the coronation of Prince Tamjid as king in the Kingdom of Banjar to replace Adam Sultan because Sultan Muda Prince Abdurrahman had died first. In fact, the nobility, clergy and the people willed Banjar Hidayatullah became Prince Sultan, according to the testament or the testament of Sultan previous

One of the pious scholars in Kumbayau Tambarangan, Overseas (Regency But right now), named Datu Aling are concerned about the crisis in the palace Banjar. Accordingly, it is because he salampah or penance with his own solitude, fasting, prayer, and remembrance wird, and other practice-practice to draw closer to God, accompanied by a request that the instructions given and the solution to the crisis that is happening in the palace Banjar . Datu Aling_dilaksanakan penance for nine months nine days, beginning in April 1858 until. by February 1859.

On February 2, 1859 to coincide with the 10th Rajab 1275 H; Datu Aling visited by kings and magical kingdom of Banjar Datu Aling asked to bring Prince Muning Antasari to the area. He will start the New Kingdom until the rightful king was elected.

On 13 Rajab 1275 AH, Princess Datu named Aling Saranti, cherished daughter was possessed by Bubble. He is married with a young man asked village named Dulasa because in her magical spirit benemayam Prince Surya Ananta.

Hearing all that, then, was Aling Datu daughter Implementing all these desires. Once married to Dulasa, then, Saranti be named espouse Bubble Princess and her husband Prince Surya Dulasa named Ananta. Datu Aling then announced to the public about Saranti coronation, the king cherished Princess Bubble Bead. Kumbayau area was renamed the Kingdom of Tambay Mecca. As a king in the Kingdom Tambay Mecca, Saranti Bead Princess Bubble lift ayahya cherished, Datu Aling, as Panembahan, brother Sambang given the title of the Yellow Emperor, his sister was given the title Queen of the Sacred Nuramin, while the husband was given the title as Mangkubumi Nuramin Kusuma Nagara, Bayan Sampit, Garuntung waluh, Garumung manau, Kindaui Aji, Kindui Mu `l, splitting Batung, Panimba Sagara, there is also the Commander Juntai In Sky and others.

Tambay Mecca kingdom separate from the Sultanate of Banjar and not subject to the Dutch colonizers. Bubble bead Saranti cherished became queen in Mecca KerajaanTambay only as a symbol of the head of state, while the affairs of government are held, by Penembahan Muda Datu Aling. As a Panembahan, the pious, just and wise he is working with Immediate Banua Ampat, namely: Banua Halat, Banua Gadung, Banua Padang and Banua Parigi. They are subject to the Datu Aling. Then follow the same Banua Top, Trunk Hulu, Guava, Amandit and Pangabau

To his followers, Datu Aling always instill the spirit of jihad for the sake of fighting injustice and occupation. The call for jihad Aling Datu who received tremendous response from the community, was made Prince of the Netherlands felt teracam Tamjid its position. For the Dutch Resident in Banjarmasin send a team consisting of the Chief Prosecutor. Suryadinata prince and the prince of the Head of Prince Muhammad Seman accompanied by 120 followers

Knowing the Will of their arrival, then, was Aling Datu Yellow Emperor ordered his troops to prepare his jihad as many as 700 people complete with weapons drawn

to keep all possibilities that bakal_terjadi.Tentu Dutch Resident is just the messenger gasped to see so many forces in Datu Aling the STAP jihad fighters if they do sort-rnacam. Because they just want to see the actual situation in the Kingdom of Mecca, they were welcome to meet at the Palace of Datu Aling Tambay Mecca.

After hearing reports messenger, once again ordered the Dutch Resident Mangkubumi Prince Hidayatullah to deal with the Kingdom of Tambay Mecca. Then sent Prince Prince Hidayatullah Antasari. Kesuma Jantera Prince and Prince Omar Sharif to meet Datu Aling, Datu Aling During the meeting explaining the intent and purpose of establishment of the Kingdom of Tambay Mecca. It turned out that what is conveyed by Datu Aling dengart hand in hand what is desired by Prince Antasari. Until finally terjadilahn matchmaking agreement between the child named Antasari Prince Prince Mohammed Said with Saranti Bead Princess Bubble who have been widowed cherished.

Thus grew stronger the position of Datu Aling due 30 days after the wedding with Prince Muhammad Said Saranti, the incarnation of Princess Bubble cherish, then, Prince Antasari began to actively lead the popular movement in Banua Ampat and Banua five are directed to the Dutch.

28 April 1859 Puncaknyapada jihadists from Datu Aling Banua Banua Ampat and five under the leadership of Prince Antasari, attacked the Dutch fortress in Pengaron Orange Nassau. The attack was very successful. That was the beginning of the outbreak of the War Banjar. Finally, the battle also extends to various areas in South Kalimantan

As retaliation for the collapse of bastion of Orange Nassau in Pengaron, then, on 16 November 1859, suddenly attacked the Dutch defense forces Yellow Emperor. This attack was greeted with cries of Allahu Akbar by jihadi forces under the command of Sultan Datu Aling Yellow. In battle, the leader of the Dutch army captain killed by a spear Benschop. That day came again a platoon of the larger Dutch troops, but all were driven back.

In the evening, come back bigger Dutch troops to storm the bastion of Datu Aling Muning ie in the mosque. The battle occurred overnight. Datu Aling, Saranti Along with a few people remained loyal followers in the mosque. Aling Datu did not want to surrender to the Dutch even though the fire had licked all the mosques are made of wood. Finally, Datu Aling and Saranti was killed as a martyr.

Listen to the death of Datu Aling and Saranti, then, Prince Antasari issued a slogan which reads “Heram manyareh, waja until ka nipple: (haram surrendered to the Dutch until the last drop of blood)”

WAR FORCES MUNCULNNYA BERATIB BA-CHARITY

Attacks on the forts, coal mines, warships and other Dutch possessions to make the colonists could not do anything about it. Until June 25, 1859 forced the Dutch Prince Tamjid turunt ahta and throw it to Bogor. Prince is being run from the palace Martapura Hidayatullah joined Prince Antasari.

The battle occurred not only in South Kalimantan region, but extends to Central Kalimantan. Central Kalimantan is the field of battle Barito, Kapuas and Katingan led by Prince Antasari, accompanied by the original Surapati Tumenggung Dayak tribe. Martapura and Tang Sea region led by Lehman Demat, Region Five Banua led by Jalil degree Kiyai Wall Duke Anom king.

After the Netherlands asked for help to Batavia, then, berdatanganlah warships and complete with soldiers and cannon-cannon. Onrust Warships sailing to Barito to capture Prince Antasari metalui Tumenggung Surapati. However Tumenggung Surapati not want to sell out despite promises prizes of several thousand Dutch Guilders if Tumenggung Surapati could give Prince Antasari.

On December 26, 1859, suddenly Tumenggung Surapati with his men attacked the ship Onrust In this incident commander Onrust warships and 93 of his men were killed. The guns and cannon cannon transported ashore while his ship was sunk. Meanwhile, the warship sailed Tjipanas Martapura River came under fire from Demat Lehman and his men so hastily returned to Banjarmasin.

On June 11, 1860, proclaimed the abolition of the Kingdom of the Netherlands makes the Banjar and the region as a Dutch colony. Thus the war against the Dutch because the Dutch are no longer intervene in the area of Banjar palace, but the war against Dutch colonialism who want to destroy the Muslims. Therefore, in 1861 came the death squads to defend the religion of Islam. The force is called Ba-Baratib War Forces charity. The cornerstone of their struggle is the sentence of God, Hadith Prophet Muhammad, ask syafa’at 40 prophets, sacred science of the Datu and Heroes. Before progressing to the battlefield, first, they purify the body of hadast with shower and ablution, then dressed in white like clothing Rasullullah war era. They also fasted then beratib ba charity (practice / mewiridkan one practice: Pen) until I forget myself. Then advanced into battle to face the enemy. They believe, if they fall in battle against the infidels Dutch and their allies, they die a martyr.

Leaders of the movement of Ba `War Beratib this mall is the religious teachers and the prince. Among the leaders of the Army War Baratib Perhaps this is the charity of Banua Lawas Badr Haji, the prince of Rashid, and Abdul Gani Buyasin headman of the village Amuntai Basil.

Sementera it Pula, Prince Hidayatullah who has been crowned as the Sultan of the Kingdom of Banjar in Amuntai repeatedly received offers of peace from the Netherlands, but the offer was always declined. With the ruse. Dutch Prince Hidayatullah tricked to come to-Martapura on orders Siti’s mother Queen Dowager. Queen Mother Queen Siti who can not read Latin letters to the Dutch believe it enough to sign a letter written by the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as stamped Banjar. As a pious man, of Prince Hidatullah afraid of his mother. Hidayatullah Prince came to Martapura on March 3, 1862. Rock aat the same way, he was arrested and exiled to Cianjur.

Prince Antasari continue the struggle against the Dutch. But unfortunately he was a sickly start to Rahmatullah finally passed away on October 11, 1862.

Nevertheless, the war continues. Commander of the Army War Beratib Ba-Hajj Amal Buyasin fall in battle, following the then Chairman of the prince Rashid, Commander of Bukhari, Tumenggung State Tigers, Tumenggung Naro, and others,

Demat Lehman, leader of the guerrilla war untukwilayah Martapura Land Sea and was caught by fraud Dutch in Slippery Rock area and then transported to Martapura and hanged to death in the plaza III (now the Great Mosque of Al-page KaromahPen) Martapura. After that head cut off and sent to Holland. And there is a necklace around her neck ajimat. When ajimat is opened in it there is a white paper that read Arabic letters that people which means free or die

1859

The Banjarmasin War (1859–1863) in southeast Kalimantan resulted in the defeat of the Sultan

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1860

Multatuli [1860] …aan Nederland…Koning Willem III

….dat dorp stond in brand, omdat het veroverd was door Nederlandsche soldaten…….

Ja, ‘t dorp was veroverd door Nederlandsche soldaten, en stond dus in brand.

Op Nederlandsche heldendaad volgt brand.
Nederlandsche overwinning leidt tot verwoesting.
Nederlandsche krygsbedryven baren wanhoop.

Maar terug naar ons verhaal:

1861

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1861. Entire letter to Bordeaux from Batavia with blue prepaid datestamp of despatch (Feb 2) and thence via Suez and Marseille (March 15). Charged 16 decimes handstruck on arrival in black

 

 

 

 

1862

1862 (14 May). Batavia – USA. Stampless env via London (27 June) + British Packet / Boston + 7sh / 7d + 20c US Charge. On reverse Singapore GPO May 1862 red cds

 

In 1862 werden in Paleis Rijswijk de eerste gasverlichtings armaturen van Batavia aangebracht.

1

Ook in 1862 verscheen een wat negatief commentaar over Paleis Rijswijk: waarom werd dit armetierige gebouw Paleis genoemd, aan de voorzijde hangt weliswaar het Wapen van het Koninkrijk van Nederland, maar de rest van het gebouw lijkt meer op een paardenstal dan een Paleis een Gouverneur-Generaal van Nederlands-Indië waardig.

 

1863

01/07/1863 – 30/06/1868 C.F.W. Wiggers van Kerchem
Wiggers van Kerchem was appointed President per July 1, 1863. Wiggers van Kerchem was a member of the firm Tiedeman & van Kerchem in Batavia prior to his appointment. Per decree of June 30, 1868, it was decided to discharge Wiggers van Kerchem in the most honorable way. After finishing the concept of the fifth Exclusive Right that should be implemented per April 1, 1870, Wiggers van Kerchem decided to return to Europe for retirement

 

Very rare 1863 (5 Sept). Scotland – Batavia. Fkd GB E / 10d rate. Via Singapore fwding agent on front Martin Dice & Cº + boxed. Postage / 6 British Share offi 6d (xxx / RR) of transit charge + 1 shilling at dest. Reverse London. Exceptional exhibition rarity with pmks usage

 

1863

Woodbury & Page

vanuit de Benedenstad langs het Molenvliet (links) meteen rechts de ingang van ons hote lin de verte links De Harmonie met rechts in dat ronde gebouw de Frank leermaker Oger Frèves

Hotel des Indes in 1863

 

1864

Rare 1864, Post Offices Not Controlled By India – BATAVIA (Dutch East India): entire letter from Batavia, Java to London with small boxed ”INDIA PAID/BY BATAVIA” in black. This mark was applied by the Dutch P.O. in Batavia to all letters sent by the P.& O. Steamers to show that the steam postage had been paid. Endorsed ‘Per English Mail via Marseilles’ and ‘India Paid’, backstamped ”SINGAPORE P.O./6 APR(inverted)/1864” in red double circle, and despatch and arrival cds’s.

“Tarif à 30c pour le CHILI” : 1864 10c(n°21)+ 20c(n°22) sur lettre du HAVRE pour VALPAR
AISO. Tarif à 30c des batiments de Commerces(Par navire PADANG). TTB

1864

The idea for a variety of new things realized in 1864. Based Besluit Governor-General dated August 7, 1864 No.18, Bandung defined as the central government Priangan Residency.

Thus, since then the city of Bandung has a double function, namely as the Capital District as well as the capital of Bandung Residency Priangan. At that time, who became Regent of Bandung is Wiranatakusumah RA IV (1846-1874).

 

 

 

 

1864

De Javasche Bank note issues 1864

 

De Javasche Bank note issues, January 1864 – April 1895, printed by Joh. Enschede en Zn.

info source:Rob Huisman

In 1863, De Javasche Bank, was the circulation bank of the Netherlands Indies. One would expect it to be a well-established colonial institution, however the opposite is true. Research at the archives of the printer Joh. Enschede en Zonen at the Museum Enschedé in Haarlem, the Netherlands, shows a completely different picture. The board and especially the President of De Javasche Bank were directly involved in detail in all operational matters related to the design and ordering of their banknotes

1868

01/07/1868 – 31/03/1870 J.W.C. Diepenheim
Wiggers van Kerchem was succeeded by Diepenheim by decree of June 30, 1868. Diepenheim who proviously was Secretary for two years, was President for a short period. He resigned shortly after the fifth Exclusive Right was made public. On March 18, 1870, his resignation was accepted. Diepenheim died in The Hague on May 21, 1875 in the age of 75.
                             
1870

01/04/1870 – 31/03/1873 F. Alting Mees (LL.M.)
By decree of March 19, 1870, Alting Mees was appointed to the position of President of the Javasche Bank. Alting Mees, previously lawyer and attorney, already served the bank as director for several years. Due to his appointment to President of the two high courts of the Netherlands Indies, he left the Javasche Bank per March 31, 1873.

1873

01/04/1873 – 01/09/1889 N.P. van den Berg (LL.M.)                               
Norbertus Petrus van den Berg was chosen as the next President of the Javasche bank from two nominees and was appointed per decree of March 20, 1873. After more than 16 years of service, Van den Berg left the Netherlands Indies in 1889 to become Director of the Nederlandsche Bank and two years later President for a period of 21 years until the age of 81. He passed away in Amsterdam on January 8, 1917.

De Javasche Bank 1864-1895

January 1864 – April 1895, printed by Joh. Enschede en Zn.
Info Sources: Rob Huisman

In 1863, De Javasche Bank, founded in 1828, is a circulation bank in the Netherlands Indies. One would expect to become an established colonial institutions, but the opposite is true. Research in archives John printer. Enschede en Zonen in Haarlem Museum in Enschede, the Netherlands, showed a completely different picture. Council President De Javasche and in particular the Bank is directly involved in operational detail in everything related to design and order their paper money

Section 4, January 1864 – April 1895, printed by Joh. Enschede en Zn.

In 1863,

De Javasche Bank, founded in 1828, is a circulation bank in the Netherlands Indies.
One would expect to become an established colonial institutions, but the opposite is true.
Research in archives John printer. Enschede en Zonen in Haarlem Museum in Enschede,
The Netherlands, showed a completely different picture. Council and in particular President De
Javasche Bank directly involved in operational detail in all matters related to the design and
to order their paper money.

Reading through all the correspondence carefully stored and arranged between Javasche Bank
and printing companies in the homeland, one can feel the atmosphere of modern
entrepreneurial start-up companies. President (CEO) of E. Francis De Javasche Bank (DJB) and
Wiggers van Kerchem successor, wrote a letter to John. Enschede en Zn. (Later called the “Heeren
Enschedee te Haarlem “) on a regular basis to order the new banknotes, commenting on the quality and implementation
command, complained about delays in delivery, and often underscores the urgent need for new supplies to
those remote regions.

Most striking is that they often mention that the cost is to limit the maximum
important. The letters are written with beautiful calligraphy and using ways of polite and politically correct
complaining, urging, comment and criticize. Words such as “worry”, “disappointed”, “propose” and
“Like” is used regularly and frequently suggestions and proposals submitted by completing the statement
such as:

“But we rely on your expertise in this regard and believe you will make the right decision”.
E. Francis (he signed his letters with M. Francis), third President of Javasche Bank, started as a
employees in 1815 and worked his way in the service of civil government to finally be over
available to the Commissioner General of the servant. From 1848 to 1850 Francis is the Superintendent of Financial
and in 1851 he was honorably discharged from government service. Furthermore, Francis was appointed
Javasche to the President of the Bank under the decision dated March 4, 1851. In the early sixties of the 19th century,
De Javasche Bank started to prepare a complete new emission of paper money the Dutch East Indies. In
cooperation with the Nederlandsche Bank, De Javasche Bank is pointing towards the Netherlands
printer “De Heeren Enschedee” (now known as John. Enschede en Zn. (Enschede Security)) to have
The new banknotes are designed and manufactured. Francis was personally involved in the process and
communicate with the printer on a regular basis. Unfortunately, Francis did not stay in the office to see
the results of his efforts. At the request of Francis himself honorably discharged per July 1, 1863
The decision by 20 April 1863. In 1864 Francis published the book “De-beginselen regerings van
Nederlandsch Indie: getoetst aan de behoefte van moederland en kolonie “, expressed his
dissatisfaction with the implementation of a new economic system in the Netherlands Indies and
proposed inquiry by an independent committee. In 1869 Francis issued a request to
Dutch Parliament about his famous right to payment of pensions to retired civil servants
Government of the Netherlands Indies. This response proposal and the request is not found, leading to
believe that Francis ignored by the establishment and must fight for that trust and pension
pay the old days.
In a letter from Francis dated January 31, 1863, with the management of the Nederlandsche Bank, which
evidence has confirmed receipt of the record and the evidence has been approved. In the same letter Francis
raised some comments that he wanted to address:
– Size note: DJB prefer to be the difference in size between the records of 100 and 50
guilders. This means that the records of 1000, 500, 300, 200 and 100 will be great, and notes
of 50, 25 and 10 will be small size. DJB stated that if the De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) think
the divide should be between 25 and 10 guilders, DJB will also agree.
– Character value in the corner records should be larger.
– Lions at 10 guilders note has an expression, surprised almost frightened. DJB would like
lion to have a more relaxed expression symbolizes strength.

__________________________________________________________________________
– DJB would prefer that the signature is placed under the words “Secretary” and “President” and demand
words to be printed under the date as high as possible.
– DJB prefer that the date is printed on a printer that was not applied in (Joh. Enschede en Zn.)
DJB after arrival. In the case of a printer to print the date, Francis suggests choosing a date is not be
Christian holiday or Sunday and about 6 months after the date of expected departure from the
paper money.
– DJB stated that they calculated six months for the duration of the trip and apply numbers and
signatures for the amount of paper money needed for the exchange of banknotes in circulation today.
In early 1870 the delivery of DJB’s request to be sent through the Suez Canal opened, reducing the
travel time by more than 50%.

De Javasche fourth President of the Bank,

C.F.W. Wiggers van Kerchem, took office on July 1
1863 and continue the process of ordering new issues of paper money.
During the period January 1864 – April 1895, serial number and signature on the front and
cons in the opposite sign printed locally by the Bank in the Netherlands Indies Javasche on
complete records are sent from the printers in the Netherlands. The Bank also Javasche
ordering equipment numbering stamps and signatures of the printer and some blank signature stamps
in the case of signatories will change, allowing them to carve out a new signature stamps
own local. Together with the first order of 1864 new banknotes, the Bank Javasche
ordered the mechanic to accompany numbering machine and take care of the machine becomes
production. Willem Hooij contracted by Joh. Enschede en Zonen for traveling to Batavia in
Dutch East Indies and install the machine. In a letter from Hooij to John. Enschede en Zonen date
August 12, 1864, he wrote about President patient from Javasche Bank makes
difficulties because Hooij not get the machine installed in one day. Wiggers van Kerchem
invite a local printer to meet and together they underestimate Hooij.
161a – from private collections, with the Contra Mark printed in the lower right corner opposite.
All banknotes issued by the De Javasche Bank in the Dutch East Indies during the period 1864 to 1931
and printed by Johan Enschede en Zonen, bringing counter-sign, printed in the lower right corner or
lower center of the opposite. A code that is printed in black on the cap ellipse with a triangular shape
pointing outwards and have up to 5 numbers. Countries lower denomination notes issued during this
period does not have this mark.

Collectors who are familiar with the Dutch East Indies paper money from
This period may be aware that there is a relationship between the date of issuance and cons
the sign. Although it looks like a date then the higher the score, in reality this is not always
the case.
In order to determine the proper application of the mark cons, I gather more information about
than 150 records starting from 1864 to 1931. When setting up and organizing all relevant information
such as date, serial number and the cons, I observed the following:
– One of the unique sign of a counter is always connected to only one specific date of issue
– One of the specified date there are problems with different security code, but the security code that is close
together
– When a record is more of the same problem occurs with the same date and security code, the record has
combinations of the same character in the serial number
– When the date occurs with more than one mark each sign cons cons unique place with different
combinations of characters in the serial number of a specific problem or a sign of a counter connected to the
other denominations issued
– Many have missed the date, there are many days or weeks gap between one and the subsequent counter-sign
– Note the different denominations issued on the same date with different sign cons
– It seems that a range of sequence numbers is used to sign a counter that includes all the notes issued
from the entire period
– There are some exceptions in which the later date has a number of counter low marks
– No combination of different character serial number of a particular denomination with
same counter-sign.
– Changes from 4 to 5 digits occur in the course of 1918
– Note EXAMPLE frequently have signs that are not suitable to deviate counter the usual sequential increase
counter-sign and date.
Clearly, the Bank managed the Netherlands will keep detailed records of the security code and
dates and serial numbers of all paper money issued. It is unknown whether this note De Javasche
Banks still exist in archives somewhere today, although there are rumors that this record is still
present in the archives of Bank Indonesia in Jakarta.
Based on the “Note by PJ Soetens, former conservator DNB (De Nederlandsche Bank), the archive
Geldmuseum, Utrecht, The Netherlands “, I conclude that the Bank used the sign of De Javasche cons
number to identify a separate batch of unfinished bills are transported between
various departments, where they were printed with the serial number and signature, and finally
stored in a vault teller before circulation
Archives of Enschede Museum contains many original orders, production records,
delivery of information and also letters from Batavia where Javasche Bank confirms receipt
shipments. The author makes an overview of all this data and be able to specify the exact amount of
issued notes for each date of issuance. The number of issued notes mentioned in the summary below
should be regarded as a minimum. There is strong evidence that these figures actually incurred.
Although it is possible that more records were published, the opportunity – while there is no distinct
detailed records mention them – very small.
Here is an overview of the different banknotes and their varieties are printed in Johan
Enschede en Zonen in Haarlem, the Netherlands which will be issued by the De Javasche Bank in Batavia,
Dutch East Indies. Although there are rumors about another date of issue and signature combinations,
Overview below lists only those banknotes and varieties that writers have sufficient evidence that
they actually exist.
Java Auction Catalog (7), Cookies (15) and Mevius (16) mentions Van Duyn as a signatory, but
no one by that name is part of the board of DJB during the period. It seems that the signature
of H.P.J. van den Berg (Secretary of 19/10/1893 – 17/01/1899) has been mistaken as it looks like
Van Duyn. H.P.J. van den Berg, brother of the past president of the Bank Javasche NP van den Berg,
appointed as successor to President Groeneveld is on January 17, 1899, but died on February 9, 1899
in Nice, before actually starting his new position.

 

__________________________________________________________________

5 Gulden

1 Oktober 1866
issued : 100,000

10 Gulden

1 Februari 1864
issued : 350.000

25 Gulden

1 Agustus 1864
issued : 120.000

__________________________________________________________________________

50 Gulden

174 – 1 September 1864
withdrawed l 1872 becaus e too many counterfiet circulated
issued : 40.000
__________________________________________________________________________

100 Gulden

1 Maret 1864
issued : 60.000

__________________________________________________________________________
200 Gulden

 

1 Januari 1864
issued : 16,010
Watermark: “JAV BANK.” and two  “200”  __________________________________________________________________________

300 Gulden

193 – 2 Mei 1864
issued : 6.000

500 Gulden

197 – 1 Juni 1864
197c – koleksi Museum Enschede (BB2140 28/13)

198 – 1 Juni 1872

issued : 2.000

1000 Gulden

1 Juli 1864
issued : 14,998

1864

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 1 hinged

1864 – Koning Willem III – 10 ct. wijnrood

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 400,00

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 1 used

1864 – Koning Willem III – 10 ct. wijnrood

Mooie gebruikte (used) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 125,00

Halfround CDS on DEI first and second stamps

(courtecy Pipiet Sulistyowati)

 

 

 

 

1865

1865, stampless native envelope w. framed „FRANCO” and violet „CHERIBON 15 9 1865” alongisde to Singapore, on reverse framed ”SINGAPORE/SHIPLETTER 10 OC. ..„ and ”SINGAPORE / PAID„

1865 (14 Sept). Batavia – India. Staylers envelope with contains. Arrival accts charge mark + red Bombay Oct 4,65 on reverse. VF appealing item.[

1865

Photograph of night watchmen in Batavia by Isidore van Kinsbergen, 1865

Painting of Mount Merapi erupting in 1865, by Raden Saleh

 

1866

Unusual 1866, “BATAVIA FRANCO” auf Brief nach Bremen über Triest mit blauem Tax-Vermerk “6” in guter Bedarfserhaltung

 

The emblems of the Nederlandsche Handelsmaatschappij

were deposed in 1866. They consisted of a larger emblem, a medial emblem and a cypher. [18]

GRECIA. 1866 (Jan.). Entire letter from CALIMNO to TRIESTE, with fine strike of oval Forwarding Agent´s cachet GEORGES CALVOCORESSI/SYRA in blue at upper left and SYROS despatch cds´s. Charged in manuscript with ´28´ (kreuzer) due marking on arrival. A fine entire.

Unusual Càd rouge BATAVIA sur lettre pour Bordeaux, taxe tampon 12 et très rare Càd d’entrée rouge (faible) INDES NEERL. / PAQ. BR. AMB. MARS. 1866. – B / TB.

HOTEL DES INDES
In 1860 verkocht Wijss het hotel weer door aan de Fransman Cresonnier en deze Cresonnier was degene die Woodbury & Page foto’s liet maken van zijn Hotel Des Indes, waarom ? Inderdaad, om met deze
fotographieën reclame te maken…..

En dus hier slechts twee foto’s genomen van Hotel Des Indes door Woodbury & Page :

1866

In 1866 ,

 

 

Bickmore stories …

Prof. Albert S. Bickmore was traveling in Sumatra, he saw not a little of these people, and he believed then that the place where their aboriginal civilization sprang up was very likely on the shores of that famous Sumatran lake, Lake Toba, and upon the neighboring plateau of Silindung. From this locality they gradually occupied an extensive domain in the in- terior, which was extended upon either side to the seacoast. Eventually, however, the Malays spread along the coast line, and thus confined the Battaks once more to the interior.

 

The origin of the Battas is doubtful

Battas or Dutch Battaks, the inhabitants of the formerly independent Batta country, in the central highlands of Sumatra, now for the most part subjugated to the Dutch government. The still independent area extends from 9 8 °-99° 35′ E., and 2°-3° 25′ S. North-east of Toba Lake dwell the Timor Batta [ Batak Timur = Simalungun now, red], and west of it the Pakpak [Dairi, red ], but on its north (in the mountains which border on the east coast residency) the Karo Batta [ Batak Karo , red ] form a special group, which, by its dialects and ethnological character, appears to be allied to the Gajus [ suku Gayo , red ] and Alias [suku Alas : red] occupying the interior of Achin [Aceh : red ].

The origin of the Battas is doubtful. It is not known whether they were settled in Sumatra before the Hindu period. Their language contains words of Sanskrit origin and others referable to Javanese, Malay and Tagal influence. Their domain has been doubtless much curtailed, and their absorption into the Achin and Malay population seems to have been long going on.

Battas are physically quite different from the Malay type

The Battas are undoubtedly of Malayan stock, and by most authorities are affiliated to that Indonesian pre-Malayan race which peopled the Indian Archipelago, expelling the aboriginal negritos, and in turn themselves submitting to the civilized Malays. In many points the Battas are physically quite different from the Malay type. The average height of the men is 5 ft. 4 in.[± 160-170 cm , red ]; of the women 4 ft. 8 in [± 130 – 140 cm , red ].

 

The Battas are dirty in their dress and dwellings and eat any kind of food

In general build they are rather thickset, with broad shoulders and fairly muscular limbs. The colour of the skin ranges from dark brown to a yellowish tint, the darkness apparently quite independent of climatic influences or distinction of race. The skulll is rather ovall than round. In marked contrast to the Malay type are the large, black, longshaped eyes, beneath heavy, black or dark brown eyebrows. The cheek-bones are somewhat prominent, but less so than among the Malays. The Battas are dirty in their dress and dwellings and eat any kind of food, though they live chiefly on rice. They are remarkable as a people who in many ways are cultured and possess a written language of their own, and yet are cannibals.
Battaks have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism
The more civilized of them around Lake Toba are good agriculturists and stock-breeders, and understand iron-smelting. They weave and dye cotton, make jewellery and krisses which are often of exquisite workmanship, bake pottery, and build picturesque chalet-like houses of two storeys. They have an organized government, hereditary chiefs, popular assemblies, and a written civil and penal code. There is even an antiquated postal; system, the letter-boxes being the hollow tree trunks at crossroads. Yet in spite of this comparative culture the Battas have long been notorious for the most revolting forms of cannibalism. ( see: Memoirs of the Life, &c., of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, 1830.)

Battaks is mainly confined to a belief in three gods concept

The Battas are the only lettered people of the Indian Archipelago who are not Mahommedans. Their religion is mainly confined to a belief in evil spirits, but they recognize three gods, a Creator, a Preserver and a Destroyer, like a trinity suggestive of Hindu influence.
Up to the publication of Dr H. N. van der Tuuk’s essay, Over schrift en uitspraak der Tobasche taal (1855), our knowledge of the Batta language was confined to lists of words more or less complete, chiefly to be found in W. Marsden’s Miscellaneous Works, in F. W. Junghuhn’s Battalander, and in the Tijdschrift van het Bataviaasch Genootschap, vol. iii. (1855). By his exhaustive works (Bataksch Leesboek, in 4 vols., 1861-1862; Batakschnederduitsch Woordenboek, 1861; Tobasche Spraakkunst, 1864-1867) van der Tuuk made the Batta language the most accessible of the various tongues spoken in Sumatra.

 

Batta is poor in general terms, but abounds in terms for special objects

According to him, it is nearest akin to the old Javanese and Tagal, but A. Schreiber (Die Battas in ihrem Verheiltnis zu den Malaien von Sumatra, 1874) endeavoured to prove its closer affinity with the Malay proper. Like most languages spoken by less civilized tribes, Batta is poor in general terms, but abounds in terms for special objects. The number of dialects is three, viz. the Toba, the Mandailing and the Dairi dialects; the first and second have again two subdivisions each.
The Battas further possess six peculiar or recondite modes of speech, such as the Hata Andung, or language of the wakes, and the Hata Poda or the soothsayer’s language.
A fair acquaintance with reading and writing is very general among them. Battaks’s alphabet is said, with the Rejang and Lampong alphabets, to be of Indian origin.
The language is written on bark or bamboo staves from bottom to top, the lines being arranged from left to right. The literature consists chiefly in books on witchcraft, in stories, riddles, incantations, &c., and is mostly in prose, occasionally varied by verse.’
See also “Reisen nach dem Toba See,” Petermanns Mitteil. (1883); Modigliani, Fra i Batacchi indipendenti (Rome, 1892); Neumann, “Het Paneen Bilastroomgebiad,” Tydschr. Aardr. Gen., 1885-1887; Van Dijk in the same periodical (1890-1895); Wing Easton in the Jaarboek voor het Mynwezen, 1894; Niemann in the Encyclopaedia van Nederlandsch-Indie, under the heading Bataks, with very detailed bibliography; Baron J. v. Brenner, Besuch bei den Kannibalen Sumatras (Wurzburg, 1893); H. Breitenstein, 21 Jahre in Indien, Java, Sumatra (Leipzig, 1899-1900); G. P. Rouffaer, Die BatikKunst in niederlcindisch-Indien and ihre Geschichte (Haarlem, 1899).

 

1867

1867, vorphilatelistischer Brief aus Benkoelen (Küstenprovinz in Sumatra)nach den Niederlanden, schwarzer „FRANCO” cds. und roter Ankunftsstempel „S’GRAVENHAGE JUN 67”.

 

1867

In line with the development function, in the city of Bandung was built buildings in the area Cicendo prefecture (now the Home Office of the Governor of West Java) and a government hotel. The building was completed residency in 1867.

 

 

 

 

 

1868

Dutch Indies NVPH 2 hinged

1868 – Koning Willem III – 10 ct. karmijnrood

Mooie ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met originele bruinige gom + cert. NVPH

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 1500,00+++

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 2 used

1868 – Koning Willem III – 10 ct. karmijnrood

Mooie gebruikte (used) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 225,00

 

1868 – Envelope from Cheribon (Java Island) May 1, 1868 to Samarang (Java Island), bearing 10 cent. lake (Yv. 1 – King William III), tied by “Cheribon/1/5/1868/Franco” semi-circle postmark. Alongside same postmark in black over c.d.s. in red of Cheribon. On the reverse c.d.s. of Samarang “3/5/1868” on arrival. Several handstamps on the front and back in Javanese language. Very fine and rare. Est E 10000,-

1868, incoming mail: stampless cover from Netherlands w. red „TERBORGH 8 APR 68” endorsed „Via Marseilles” to Benkoelen/Sumatra w. red arrival „BENKOELEN 28/5 1868

1868

DEI Half cent castcoin 1858

The Town Hall in the old city center built in 1710 (3rd building)


www.geheugenvannederland.nl


Military parade in front of the statue of Jan Pietersz. Coen at Waterloo-square during the coronation celebrations of Queen Wilhelmina, 1898.


The Artesian well at Salemba, 1885.


The Artesian well at the Koningsplein square, 1885.


The City Theatre, 1865


www.geheugenvannederland.nl


The ‘Landsarchief’ – the colonial archives, housed in a former country house built around 1760


A typical Chinese house.


The shop of ‘Eigen Hulp’ at the Molenvliet-West canal, 1890.


Building in the botanical gardens and zoo.


Bathing kids in the Molenvliet canal next to ‘De Harmonie’ society builing. (Architect: J.C. Schultze, 1815)


www.geheugenvannederland.nl‘De Harmonie’ society building, 1875.


The Aceh monument at the Koningsplein square


The protestant Willemskerk, 1875.


Museum of the Society for Arts and History. (Built in 1862)


Military Society on the east side of the Waterlooplein square, corner Sipajersweg-road.


www.geheugenvannederland.nlMilitary Society Concordia.


Weltevreden Palace at the Koningsplein square, 1880.


Soldiers in front of a ‘watch-house’ of Weltevreden Palace, 1880.


Audience-hall in the Palace


The Palace (back), 1875.


palace interior


Volksraad or Council of the Indies Building or Raad van Indië (founded in 1918).

 


Private estate in Rijswijk in Batavia, 1875.


www.geheugenvannederland.nlPrivate estate, 1856-1878.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1869

Off cover Semicircle cheribon PMK 28.11.1869

Batavia half round PMK to cognae

DUTCH INDIES 1868-73, Six folded entires to France from the Dutch Indies, all with semi-circle BATAVIA desptach cds, plus one item from Sydney/Australia, fine (Est. € 100/200)

 

In 1869 kreeg Gouverneur-Generaal Pieter Mijer toestemming voor de bouw van Paleis Koningsplein.

1866 – 1872

Gouverneur-Generaal Pieter Mijer

1870

Rare Off cover wille II perf second DEI stamp

CDS semicircle Buitenzorg 18.6.1870

Dutch Indies Proof 12-a hinged (scan A)

 

Emissie 1870 – Koning Willem III – Proef 12-a 10 cent zwart
Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel
Cat. waarde (value) ca. € 25,00

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies Proof 17-a hinged (scan A)

 

Emissie 1870 – Koning Willem III – 17-a 10 cent geelgroen
Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel
Cat. waarde (value) ca. € 85,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 5 F hinged

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 2 ct. lilabruin

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met volle originele gom

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 125,00+

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 5 F MNH

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 2 ct. lilabruin

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – schaarse zegel!!! + fotocertificaat C. Muis –

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 600,00+++

Dutch Indies NVPH 5 F used

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 2 ct. lilabruin

Prachtige gebruikte (used) zegel – lastige zegel!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 125,00+

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 5 F MNH block

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 2 ct. lilabruin

Prachtige postfris (MNH) blok  – als blok zeer schaars!!!!  !    + fotocertificaat NKD – zegels zijn ook los te bestellen met kopie fotocertificaat ad € 495 per stuk – also 1 piece € 495 with copy certificate!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 2400,00+++

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 3 hinged

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 1 ct. grijsgroen Type I

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met volle originele gom

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 15,00

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 4 hinged

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 1 ct. grijsgroen Type II

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel met volle originele gom

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 10,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 4 MNH

1870 -1888 Koning Willem III – 1 ct. grijsgroen Type II

Mooie postfrisse (MNH) zegel met volle originele gom.

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 45,00

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 7 F MNH

1870-1888 Kon. Willem III – 2,5 ct. geel -7 F

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 300,00++

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 9 MNH

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III – 10 ct. oranjebruin –

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 150,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 12 G hinged

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III – 20 ct. ultramarijn –

G – Kamtanding 11,5 : 12 grote gaten

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 350,00

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 10 H MNH block of 4

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III – 12,5 ct. grijs

– H – tanding 12,5 – kleine gaten

Prachtig postfris (MNH) blok van 4 zegels – zeer zeldzaam!!!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH ca. € 680,00 – omgerekend via cat NVPH!!!

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 12 hinged

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III – 20 ct. ultramarijn

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 160,00

Dutch Indies NVPH 13 hinged

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III – 25 ct. donkerpaars

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel – prachtig van kleur!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 40,00+

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 14 K MNH

1870 – 1888     Koning Willem III – 30 ct. groen

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 350,00++

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 15 H MNH

1870 – 1888     Koning Willem III – 50 ct. karmijn

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel met iets ingedroogde gom  – SCHAARSE ZEGEL!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 300,00++

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 16 A MNH

1876 – 1889 Koning Willem III – 16 A Lijntanding 14 kl. gaten

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 675,00+++

Dutch Indies NVPH 16 hinged

1870 – 1888 Koning Willem III

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 125,00

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 16 MNH

1876 – 1889 Koning Willem III Kamtanding

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer schaars!!!!! + cert. Vleeming

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 650,00+++

 

1870

original info:

Maar natuurlijk hebben we ook een schets van iemand anders met een van de beroemde Javaanse Waringinbomen, een mistieke boom die nooit gekapt mocht worden, want in de boom wonen boomgeesten.

Plotseling zwenkt de koetsier rechts af, voert ons een met hoge, schaduwrijke waringinbomen beplant plein op en doet het rijtuig voor

de marmeren vestibule van het kolossale Hotel des Indes

stilstaan.

1870

Cresonnier overleed in 1870, zijn familie verkocht het hotel aan Theodoor Gallas die het op zijn beurt weer verkocht in 1886 aan Jacob Lugt voor dfl 177.000,=. Lugt breidde het hotel fors uit met allerlei grondaankopen van de buren. In 1897 werd zelfs de N.V. Hotel Des Indes door Lugt opgericht, want in de jaren negentig ontstond er in de kolonie een economische depressie. Door die N.V. was Lugt niet meer persoonlijk aansprakelijk.

 

1871

1872

Rare Càd BATAVIA PP (R) semi circircle PMK sur imprimé complet pour Nantes + taxe tampon 20 (R) et Càd d’entrée octo rouge INDES NEER V. S. / P. F. AMB. MAR. 1872. – TB. – R

  1. (7 Feb) Padang to Enschede/Netherlands. Printed matter franked 10c. King William III orange brown perf, tied “Padang/Franco”, also alongside. V. fine and early usage.[ 11388]

1873

1873

1873.

Since the establishment of the VOC in the seventeenth century, the expansion of Dutch territory had been founded on business. However from the mid-nineteenth century it was Dutch national expansionism, in line with the prevailing empire-building outlook of Europe during the era of New Imperialism, that saw them wage a series of wars to enlarge and consolidate their possessions.[8] The most prolonged of these was the Aceh War in which a Dutch invasion in 1873 was met with indigenous guerrilla resistance and ended with an Acehnese surrender in 1912.[7] Disturbances continued to break out on both Java and Sumatra during the remainder of the 19th century,[3] however, the island of Lombok came under Dutch control in 1894,[9] and Batak resistance in northern Sumatra was quashed in 1895.[7].

 

1874.

Dutch Indies NVPH postage due 1 hinged

1874 -1875 Groot waardecijfer

Prachtige ongebruikte (MNH) zegel met voor deze zegel een bijzonder mooie centrering

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 375,00+

Dutch Indies NVPH Postage due 2 hinged

1874 -1875 Groot waardecijfer – 10 ct. groen op geel

Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 150,00

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Postage due 3 hinged

1874 -1875 Groot waardecijfer – 15 ct. oranje op geel

Prachtige schaarse ongebruikte (hinged) zegel –

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 30,00

Top of Form

€ 14,50

 

 

 

 

Dutch Indies NVPH Postage due 4 hinged

1874 -1875 Groot waardecijfer – 20 ct.groen op blauw –  Prachtige ongebruikte (hinged) zegel

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 60,00

Top of Form

€ 29,50

Bottom of Form

Bottom of Form

 

Dutch Indies NVPH postage due 09 B TIII MNH + cert M

1874 -1875 Cijfer in zwart – 20 ct.

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel – zeer zeldzaam – very rare !!!!!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 840,00++ omgerekend naar postfris

 

 

THE SOLDIER OF BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY

EIC was indirectly subject to the British government and it ruled India through the three presidencies of Bombay, Madras, and Bengal, each of which maintained forces for internal and external defense.T

 

he backbone of the EIC military system was the Indian regular soldier or sepoy (from the Persian sipahi) and for infantry private (a cavalry trooper was a Sowar).

They served under mainly British officers and mainly Indian NCOs


The painting above depicts a soldier of the European Company of the West Coast of Sumatra garrison, on duty at Fort Anne, Moco Moco, circa 1764.
Courtesy: Alan Harfie, “A History on the Honourable East India Company’s,
Garrison on the West Coast of Sumatra 1685-1825”

Native Troops, East India Companys Service, A Sergeant and a Private Grenadier Sepoy of the Bengal Army, from Costumes of the Army of the British Empire, according to the last regulations 1812, published by Colnaghi and Co. 1812-15, Charles Hamilton Smith.

British officers, trained at the EIC’s ‘military seminary’ at Addiscombe, held their commissions from the EIC’s court of directors and enjoyed the right of command over British troops.

1874

1874
Akhir abad ke-19. Belanda menata ulang pemerintahan Priangan dan membaginya menjadi 9 afdeeling (Jerman: Abteilung).

 

 

Salah satunya adalah Sukapura di bawah Raden Tumenggung Wiratanubaya IV. Wirahadiningrat (1874-1906)

memperoleh penghargaan bintang Oranye Nassau dari Belanda

 

1876

1876 (6 Oct). Batavia – Netherlands. eL full text fkd 10c + 50c red, tied “4” dots + cds alongside. Via Marseille / Deutchland Packen. VF + Scarce 50c on cover.[

DOT Postmark

Dot postmark no 98 from ?

F.D. Cochius was born 3rd of December 1787 in Valburg.

His parents are Gerrit Jan Casparus Cochius and Anna Dibbets.

He died in Huize Vredenoord near Rijswijk, Netherlands on 1st of May 1876.

 

1877

1877 5c + 10c(x2) + Boxed NED. INDIE/VIA NAPELS on cover to GERMANY. Rare so early. Vf.

1877 (10 July). Batavia – Deft. 5c stat card + 10c adtl / cds + boxed “Ned Indies / Via Marseille”. VF

1878

1879

1879 William 12,5 CT 5 Mint collectible , 150K

Source

David

1879

House in Batavia, from Le Tour du Monde, 1879

1894

Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem against the Balinese in

Source Ebay

 

1894.

During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands.(see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and routed the Dutch.

Source Ebay

 

 

1895

The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to theNetherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.

Source Ebay

 

 

1896

 

  1. Soerabaja – Batavia. Reg 10c brown stat env + 2 adtls / box x5 red wax seals reg on reverse. Fine. Not common.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1879

the Koningsplein Palace beginning to built,and klater became Rijswijk Palace Of DEI Govenour General

 

En dus (?) werd in 1879 begonnen met de bouw van Paleis Koningsplein, in de achtertuin van Paleis Rijswijk…

19th Century19e eeuw

Old DEI Gouvenor General Palace Rijswijk at Batavia Het (Oude) Rijswijk Paleis van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië in Rijswijk, Batavia

 

 

In 1879

werd het Paleis Koningsplein officieel geopend, het zou dienst doen tot 1949.

Op Paleis Koningsplein zou de Indonesische vlag voor het eerst gaan wapperen.

Luchtfoto Koningsplein Batavia

Met het (werk) Paleis / Residentie van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië

…….indien aanwezig in Batavia……..

Het (woon) Paleis van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië was in Buitenzorg

zie hieronder

Waar lagen nu al die Paleizen, daarvoor pakken we de kaart van Batavia uit 1897 weer erbij:

Batavia plattegrond 1897

Ten noorden van het woord Rijswijk op het Koningsplein lag het (nieuwe) Koningsplein Paleis van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië, dit is dus het laatste Paleis / Residentie geweest van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië. In dit Paleis vond dus de Soevereiniteitsoverdracht in Batavia in 1949 plaats, een foto van deze Soevereiniteitsoverdracht staat verderop in het verhaal.

Het Koningsplein Paleis werd gebouwd in de achtertuin van het (oude) Rijswijk Paleis van de Gouverneur-Generaal in Nederlands-Indië, op de kaart het rode blokje ten noorden van het Koningsplein paleis.

 

Het Rijswijk Paleis lag aan het Molenvliet water, de weg erlangs heette ook Rijswijk. Aan de overkant van het Molenvliet heette de weg langs het Molenvliet Noordwijk. Kortom, de weg langs de noordoever van het Molenvliet heette dus Noordwijk, de weg langs de zuidoever Rijswijk !

Het Paleis van Daendels ligt aan het Waterlooplein, (nummer 19 op de kaart), ten oosten van het Koningsplein.

Het Waterlooplein is natuurlijk vernoemd naar de Slag bij Waterloo. Ter ere van de overwinning op

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1880-1890

1880

Unusuak 1880, 80 R / 80 R double card brownish-yellow, sent from „MACEIO 24 ABR 94” via London with red cds „LIVERPOOL MY 16 94 SHIP”

to Rembang, there forwarded to Toeban,)Java)

Java with arrival 19 … 1894, reply card unused, extremly rare destination!

Unusual 1880 (20 July). Soerabaja to Woolwich/Maine/U.S.A. Roughly opened envelope franked King William III. 50c. red, tied dots cancels, cds. alongside. Via London and N.Y. on reverse. Scarce

1880

In 1880, the first major railroad between Jakarta to Bandung was opened, boosting light industry and bringing in Chinese workers

 

1881

 

 

 

 

 

 

1882

Dutch Indies NVPH 5-13 MNH

1882 – 88     Cijfer in zwart

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegels – schaars!! met cert. Muis voor Nr 9

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 5,00+++

 

2 Cover William (1) Cirebon to Indramayu (2) Madiun to Cirebon , 1888 & 1889 , 150K

Source

David

Dr iwan comment

I have the same cover send from Padang pandjang to Padang.

Di bawah ini beberapa nama bupati di daerah(the regent Of)  Priangan,yakni:

  1. Bupati Sumedang XV (1882-1918), sewaktu kecil dipanggil Aom Sadeli, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal sebagai Pangeran Aria Suriaatmaja, dan setelah wafat dijuluki Pangeran Mekah karena ia wafat di Mekah sewaktu menunaikan obadah haji.
  2. Bupati Sumedang XV (1882-1918), sewaktu kecil dipanggil Aom Sadeli, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal sebagai Pangeran Aria Suriaatmaja, dan setelah wafat dijuluki Pangeran Mekah karena ia wafat di Mekah sewaktu menunaikan obadah haji.
  3. Bupati Bandung X (1893-1918), sewaktu muda diberi nama Kusumaningrat, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal sebagai Raden Adipati Aria Martanegara, dan setelah pensiun hingga wafat digelari Kangjeng Burujul karena setelah pensiun ia tinggal di desa Burujul, Sumedang.
  4. Bupati Cianjur IX (1834-1862), sewaktu kecil dipanggil Aom Hasan, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal sebagai Dalem Pancaniti karena selama menjadi bupati ia lebih senang tinggal di paviliyun kabupaten yang biasa disebut pancaniti dari pada tinggal dibangunan utama kabupaten.
  5. Bupati Limbangan yang memerintah antara tahun 1836-1871, sewaktu kecil dipanggil Aom Jenon, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal dengan nama Tumenggung Jayaningrat, dan setelah naik pangkat menjadi Raden Adipati Wiratanuningrat VII. Setelah pensiun dan wafat dikenal sebagai Dalem Sepuh (Bupati Tua).
  6. Bupati Sukapura yang memerintah antara tahun 1855-1975, sewaktu kecil dipanggil Raden Tanuwangsa, setelah menjadi bupati dikenal sebagai Tumenggung Wiratanubaya, setelah naik pangkat menjadi Raden Adipati Wiradadaha. Setelah wafat dikenal sebagai Dalem Bogor karena ia dibuang ke Bogor oleh Pemerintah Hindia Belanda akibat dianggap kurang loyal.

Ada beberapa yang mendapat julukan Dalem Bintang karena mereka mendapat tanda jasa berupa gouden ster Nederlandsche-Leeuw (bintang mas singa Belanda), misalnya RAA. Wiranatakusumah IV  Bupati Bandung (1846-1874), R. Adipati Wirahadiningrat Bupati Sukapura (1874-1904).

 

1883

Dutch Indies NVPH 17-22 MNH

1883 -1890 Cijferserie zonder watermerk

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) serie, schaars!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 475,00+

 

Dutch Indies NVPH 21 c MNH

1883 -1890 Cijferserie zonder watermerk – kamtanding 12,5 kleine gaten in olie-achtige druk!!!!

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegel, zeer schaars!!

Cat. waarde (value) NVPH € 325,00+

 

 

  1. Poerworedjo – Batavia. 5c black stat card. VF.[
  2. Cheribon – Batavia. 10c ovptd stat env. F-VF

1884

Java. Original wood engraving, engraved by C. Barbant after T. Taylor. 1884. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Matted

Native Battak and Atjeh ethnic Original wood engraving engraved by C. Barbant. 1884. Light foxing. Hand-coloured. 20x13cm. Matted.

Native ethnic Moi Indonesia. Original wood engraving drawn by G. Vuillier, engraved by C. Barbant. 1884. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x12cm. Mounted

Gravure, engraving, Plates, Stiche, Indonésie, Indonesia, Moi People, Peuple Moï, Klawelem, Makbon, Mosana, Mooi, Mekwei

Timor island Original wood engraving drawn by T. Taylor, engraved by A. Sargent. 1884. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Scan can be provided on request

Batavia forest in 1884

Photo traveller Palm Batavia in 1850

  • Francis Frith, born 1822 – died 1898 (maker)
  • Francis Frith, born 1822 – died 1898 (maker)
  • Francis Frith was one of the most successful commercial photographers from the 1850s and 1860s. He also established what was to become the largest photographic printing business in England. This image is part of the V&A’s Francis Frith ‘Universal Series’ archive which consists of over 4000 whole-plate albumen prints predominantly of historical and topographical sites. Images such as these were highly desirable throughout the 1850s and 1860s.
  • It is now known that nearly all of the works bearing the F. Frith and Co. stamp were not taken by Frith himself, but by one of his travelling employees. Photographers associated with Frith’s ‘Universal Series’ include Robert Napper (Andalusia), Frank Mason Good (Egypt) and Frederick William Sutton and Hugo Lewis Pearson (Japan). In addition to hiring his own photographers, Frith also bought the negative stocks of established photographers such as Roger Fenton and Francis Bedford.
  • The images that make up the V&A Frith ‘Universal Series’ are file prints acquired from F. Frith & Co. Ltd of Reigate, Surrey. Mounted on brown card, with the place name and stock number usually handwritten on the print itself, they were most probably used as place-markers within the company’s filing system, allowing for easy retrieval of stocks of unmounted prints.
  • Frith’s growing business coincided with many technological developments taking place within the field of photography. These developments changed and expanded the audience for photography and Frith’s operation was well-prepared to provide for it and, it can be argued, worked to develop it employing a diverse range of publishing channels. Targeted towards a market that would later adopt the postcard as the ideal format for its needs, the ‘Universal Series’ forms a bridge between the initial low volume craft/art production associated with photography of the 1850s and the more commercial mass production work of the latter half of the century.

 

1884

1884

 

The development occurred after the Bandung railway transport operations to and from the city since 1884.

Because the city of Bandung serves as a center of railroad transportation “West Lin”, it has encouraged the development of life in the city of Bandung with the increase in population from year to year.

At the end of the 19th century, the population of the European group number has reached thousands of people and demands an autonomous institution that can take care of their interests. Meanwhile the central government realized the failure of centralized government system following the implementation of its impact. Therefore, the government arrive at a policy to replace the system of government with a system of decentralization, decentralization not only in finance, but also decentralization in the field of government granting autonomy (zelfbestuur)

In this case, the government of Bandung regency under the leadership of Regent RAA Martanagara (1893-1918) welcomed the idea of the colonial government. Ongoing autonomous government in Bandung, means the district gets a special budget fund from the previous colonial government did not exist.

 

1885

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1885 (Aug 28). 5c. green postal stationery card used to Batavia cancelled by ´Tegal´ cds in black with framed ´Poerwokerto´ handstamp at left and Weltvreden cds below. Scarce.

  1. Weltevreden – Batavia. 5c lilac stat card. Namidd stline. VF

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1885 (Aug 28). 5c. green postal stationery card used to Batavia cancelled by ´Tegal´ cds in black with framed ´Poerwokerto´ handstamp at left and Weltvreden cds below. Scarce.

1886

1886 (30 Aug). Batavia – Switzerland. Registered 10c stat env + 5x10c adtls / “10” dots cancel, box + proper transits 5 red wax seal on reverse. VF multiple usage

1886 (7 March). Sokaboemi – Batavia. 5c green stat card. VF

Borneo. Original wood engraving drawn by Langlois, engraved by Barbant. 1889. Light foxing in the margins. Hand-coloured. 18,5×12,5cm. Mounted.

Java. Original wood engraving drawn by A. Slom, engraved by C. Barbant. 1884. Light foxing in the margins. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Scan can be provided on request.

Koepang Timor Original wood engraving drawn by G. Vuillier, engraved by F. Meaulle. 1884. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Scan can be provided on request

 

 

1887

  1. Soerabaja – Klaten 16.7.1887 – Kelandan – Semarang. 5c dark green stat card. VF
  2. Padang – Austria. Registered multifkd env 10c + 25c (x3) bluish paper. Stline via Marseille. VF

 

1888

1889

Sumatra. Original wood engraving by A. Slom. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Mounted

Brass island Atjeh Feli Jungle Sumatra. Original wood engraving by P. Langlois. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Mounted

Sourabia Java. Original wood engraving, engraved by C. Barbant after T. Taylor. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Matted.

Bali. Original wood engraving drawn by Weber, engraved by Kohl. 1889. Foxing in the margins. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm.

Banda Niera Islands. Original wood engraving drawn by Weber, engraved by Kohl. 1889. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Mounted.

Ternate Mollucas Islands. Original wood engraving drawn by Weber, engraved by Méaulle. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Mounted.

Batavia(Jakarta)Indonesia. Original wood engraving drawn by Taylor. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm.

Raegent Preager Original wood engraving, engraved by C. Barbant after A. Slom 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Matted

Manado Original wood engraving drawn by Taylor, engraved by Méaulle. 1889. Light foxing in the margins. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Scan can be provided on request

 

 

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1889.

5 c. Yellow green stationery card, H & G 8, but with additional sender´s address surrounding the card in red print, used to SOLOK cancelled by BATAVIA despatch cds and WELTVREDEN, PADANG and PADANG PANDJANG cds´s. Unusual and fine early stationery advertising item for this area.

. Borneo. Original wood engraving drawn by Weber, engraved by Barbant. 1889. Very good condition. Hand-coloured. 19x13cm. Mounted.

Borneo. Original wood engraving, engraved by Hildibrand after Ronjat. 1889. Light foxing in the margins. Hand-coloured. 18x12cm. Matted.

 

 

Borneo. Original wood engraving, engraved by H. Thiriat. In texte, printed on the reverse side. 1889. Good condition. Hand-coloured. 15,5×11,5cm.

1889

1889

04/12/1889 – 19/09/1893 S.B. Zeverijn
Altough the board recommended Buijskes to become the next President, the Governor General appointed S. B .Zeverijn to that position by decree of August 21, 1889. Zeverijn was forced because of illness to leave for Europe on March 1, 1893 where he died on December 13, 1893

 

 

 

1882

Dutch Indies NVPH post 13C + 13B MNH

1882-88 Cijfer in zwart – 13C + 13B  gecombineerde tanding 11,5:12,00) + 12,5:12

Prachtige postfrisse (MNH) zegels met de niet gave boventanding, zoals beschreven in de NVPH catalogus – schaars!!!

Cat. waarde (value) ca. € 160,00+ (omgerekend via de NVPH cat.)

 

Above tjilatjap 9.12. 1882 dot pmk no 21 to stuttgart germany

Below semarang dot pmk no 4

1882 P./Stat 7 1/2c canc. LAHAT + NI.EXP.KANT SINGAPORE + french LIGNE N PAQ FR to GERM

1883

  1. KR(small Circle) Koedoes – 4.11.1883 Semarang. 10c stat env ovptd

The Dieanst free Post form the commandant of 4th Battalion depot Padang CDS Padang 22/2/1893 to commandat RH 16th Infantry Battalion CDS Fort de Kock(Boekittinggi) 23.2.1883

 

 

 

 

 

February ,19th.1883

 

The Official dienst free port post card from Assisten resident Of 50 kota(Pajacombo) via CDS Fort de Kock CDS destination 19.2.1883 to CDS Padang 21.2.1883

  1. Tegal – Samarang. 10c stat env ovptd used bilingual. VF

 

 

1884

Rare 1884. Djokjakarta – France. Registered 25c stat env + 10c adtl. Boxed “Ned Indies / Via Naples”. Fine

  1. Cheribon – Batavia. 10c ovptd stat env. F-VF.[ 528196]

 

1884

The road is now called Jalan Asia-Afrika in memory of the conference.

Mileposts on the road were numbered starting at Bandung. Rapid growth of the city, however, began only after the railroad from Batavia (now Jakarta) arrived in 1884

 

 

 

1885

Soerakarta to Weltevreden batavia

Lang (straight log) stempel(PMK) halte Poerwokerto CDS Tegal 27/8/1885 to Batavia cds weltevreden

1885

Ordonasi Reveneu

REVENUE ORDONASI 1885 the new order of Revenue stamped in 1885 had changed to the newe order”ordonatie op de heffing van Zege recht van nederlandch Indie” in this ordonatie there were practise revenue with the same (seragam) Reveneu from one and half G and from 10 cent.This ordonatie still used until the new ordonatie in 1921. please look at the regulation in Indonesia language below,

A

 

 

1886

  1. Cheribon – Semarang. 10c intense red – brown stat env bilingual. F-VF.[
  2. Bandoeng to Gravenhage. 5c green King William stationery with additional 2½ yellow orange (Sc. 19), tied c.d.s.´s Ned Indie/Via Brindisi”(**) box alongside, as well as arrival c.d.s. and “c.12”. Light vertical crease not affecting stamps.[

 

1887

  1. Kediri – Netherlands. Registr 10c stat env + 25c x2 adtls. VF

1887 (10 Dic). Straits Settlements 3c card written from Pº (Penang/Pulan Pinang) and crossed over to Weltevreden (12 Dic) where franked also with Dutch Indies 5c green, tied cds via Soerabaja (15 Dic), and arriving to Borneo/Banjermasin on the 23 (?) Dic 1887. An extraordinary scarce usage from a Malayan outpost with combination of a Dutch stamp est Price: $ 2,500.00

1888

1888

 

 

2.11.1888 Dutch East indie(DEI) first issued revenue stamp 5 cent , please report the earliest used and another high nominal revenue issued like 10 gld

 

 

 

1889

  1. Tegal – Samarang. 10c stat env. VF. Bilingual chinese

The official dienst free port card of Padang cds 10..10.1889 to Welteverden CDs 12/10.1889

1889, portofreie Dienstbriefkarte vs. grünlich, rs. weiß, (DIENSTBRIEFFKAART), aus „WELTEVREUEN 12.10.89” nach Batavia mit Durchgangsstempel „PADANG”, die Nutzung dieser Dienstsbriefkarten war gesetztlich geregelt (Staatsblad 1880 No. 165)., oben kleiner Einriß

  1. (21 Jan.) Tegal to Den Haag/Holland. 7½ Bister brown King stationery, cancelled c.d.s. (***) with several transits and marks on front and reverse, including “Napostijd” in box and “Ned India/via Marseille”. Min. hole in upper center, otherwise fine item

1889

The latset used of five cent nedl Oost Indie  Revennue stamp in 1889

 

 

 

 

1890-1900

1890

 

1890 (8 Dec). Medan – Suriname / Paramaribo. Fkd env 10c + 15c via Italian with arrival / transit. Extremely rare inter Dutch Colonies dest mail.[ 536304]

Bid Info: Price: $ 1,250.00

  1. Semerang dot PMK no 2 small round(KL)- Magelang. 10c stat env local usage

1890

The church of Our Lady of Assumption at waterlooplein stood until 9 April 1890 when it collapsed due to old age and poor maintenance.

A new church was rebuilt in its place between 1891 and 1901 and today it stands as the Jakarta Cathedral. The church is acknowledged as an integral instrument for the spread of Roman Catholicism in Java during the 19th century

1891

1891 (April 23). Provisional 15c. on 25c. violet postal stationery envelope sent registered to Rotterdam cancelled by Magelang cds´s. Framed ´Ned Indie/Par Marseille´ in black on front, reverse with Semarang, Weltvreden and Rotterdam arrival datestamp.

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1891 (April 16). Cover to Germany endorsed ´Via Singapore´ bearing 1870-88 25c. violet, slight faults, tied by framed ´Sambas´ handstamp and ´36´dotted lozenge, Pontianak (Borneo) cds at upper right. Framed ´Ned: Indie / Via Brindisi´ route mark in black, reverse with fine ´N. I. Agent Singapore´ cds (April 21). Scott 13

INDIA HOLANDESA. 1891 (April 23). Provisional 15c. on 25c. violet postal stationery envelope sent registered to Rotterdam cancelled by Magelang cds´s. Framed ´Ned Indie/Par Marseille´ in black on front, reverse with Semarang, Weltvreden and Rotterdam arrival datestamp.

Rare Puntstempel (dot pmk)112 – Goenoeng Toea – mooi en volledig op envelop 25 cent 18-12-1891 via Padang naar Geisweid (D),

Posta lly used leltter sheet willem III cover rare dot stamped 112-Goenoeng toea and smalll round CDs Goennoeng Toea (south tapanoeli) 1812-1891 to Gestwaal netherland via choped NE.Indie. via genua,

 

 

 

 

 

1892

Cover William 12,5C dengan tambahan bea 2,5C using “SHIPCANCEL” Longbar + Dotmart 1 , 225K

Source

David LOOK PART FIVE

The E-book in CD-ROM Collections in 2016

tHE SAMPLE oF dRIWANCYBERMUSEUM E-bOOK IN cd rOKIM

THIS SAMPLE NOT COMPLE AND NOT CORRECTED,

If you want to buy this E-bbok in CD-ROmj in complete and very good and  woow collections, send email to iwansuwandy@gmail.com, with upload your Id D and Adfress comete with Phoned number. abour cost only RP 250.000,- per one question and the full info will dscuss later.

Sincerely

Dr iwan siw=uwnsady, MHA

Consultan information

web blog situations now in April 2016

April 9, 2016, 5:10 am

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Adventurecandijiwa1

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DR Iwan Comment

I have some of this collections below (near same  or used condition)

 

 

 

 

Intro

THE ADVENTURE OF Dr IWAN TO CANDI JIWA WEST KRAWANG

I.August,16Th.2000

In this day with my loving Toyota Hardtop Lancruiser BJ 40, I went alone to Rengasdengklok to look at the historic house where Bung Karno and Bug Hata were” Keep ” by the young man 55 years ago inorder to aksed them to proclaimed the Indonesian Independent there (the complete story look at the Indonesian Independent war collections and Bung Hatta Collections in this blog or in my old bl9oc hhtp”//www.uniquecoleetion.wordpress.com-auth)

Very difficult to found the road to the Candi “Jiwa” (Ancient Soul -BudhishTemple), after enter the Rengasdengklok ,from the Jakarta Cikampek Toll Road, at West Cikampek I foun dthe sign

,then tern left and after the railways t’s turn to the right,

I came to the very crowded market

 

Then the turn right until at then of that market

,turn left near the small river, I drive straight until arrived the sign

, the Jiwa Temple at the right circa 40 km in very bad road,with very small arrow directions of Candi Jiwa , then turn to the right about 500 m.

I enter the broken candi Jiwa, and with the helping of the native peoples there I have seen other borken candi, they talled me about 24 candi beside Candi Jiwa there.

 

All the candi built frome “Bata” sands break.

At the small camp’s house there ,I saw the project map,and some artifact founding, like same small sand Tablet with Buddish’s relief ,and a broken earthenweare vessels (Kendi),and small jarlets(buli-buli) and some new ceramics, they said until now they still studied the earliest Candi which ever found in Java circa three or four century AD much older than the Ancient mataram kindom of Java, may be this candi built by the Ancient Tarumanegara Kingdom, no Ancient coins and Chinese ceramic found there. I took the adventure after read te magazine story about Mr Abu Ridho from National Centre Museum and Mrs Sumirah Adyatman of Adam Malik museum,s curator ever came there too.

  1. August.15th 2010

After ten years , I am asking my son Anton to take me with my wife with his Toyota Kinjang Innova to adventure agains to Rengas Dengklok in order to comemorate the 65 years of Indonesian Indenpent day.

After that we went to “Candi Jiwa “to look the progress of that Candi renovations, because I have read in Kompas Newspaper a week ago,that some foriegn’s arkeologist had found athe human skull and skelletons ,very long diameters about two meters long body-head with their ancient gold necklage and sword.

The Road still same but before the raillways ,there atre the new flyt over bridge wich made the road more closer, and still turn right strait to the Rengas Dengklok market but I didnnot met the Historic House anymore,

after arrive the market still the same turn to the right until the end of market near river turn left but the road more best with cement beton and smoe asphalt betons to cadi Jiwa, now there have two candi almost finished ,one cadi Jiwa and near that candi, new candi Blondongan are still in renovations ,

 

please look my profile at two candi Jiwa at Batujaya krawang west Java

 

This time I with my wife Lily and My son Anto, have made some interesting pictures of some artifact found

The picture of the candi Jiwan and Blondongan

 

2) The letest artifact have just founds, very pity the Ancient Gold were bring abroad by the archeoligt to studies .

3) the older foundings’s artifact.

 

An :Sebenarnya apa yang dimaksud dengan candi ?
Ark: Menurut Pak Soekmono (dia salah satu maestro arkelogi di Indonesia gan),candi adalah tempat memuliakan orang2 yang sudah meninggal.Ini masih ada kaitannya dengan asal kata “candi” itu sendiri,yaitu “candika”,nama lain dari Dewi Durga,dewi kematian.
namun masyarakat terkadang menggunakan istilah candi untuk menyebut bangunan peninggalan dari masa Hindu-Budha di Indonesia.Terkaadang juga digunakan untuk menyebut bangunan bersejarah agama Hindu-Budha di luar negeri seperti candi Angkor Wat di Kamboja dan candi Khajuraho di India.
Namun yang unik adalah dalam prasasti2 atau naskah2 kuno yang sudah ditemukan dan diterjemahkan,tidak ditemui istilah candi.Sebutan yang digunakan adalah Padharmaan,Dharma Haji,Dharma Lpas,Prasada,Bhavana,Vihara,Parahyangan,Pangastulan,Tirth,atau Patirthan.

Quote:An :Sejak kapan tradisi pembangunan candi masuk ke Nusantara?
Ark:Sebelum tradisi Hindu-Budha masuk ke Nusantara,tidak ada tradisi membangun bangunan dari batu.Jikapun ada,jumlahnya sedikit sekali.Ketika agama Hindu dan Budha masuk ke Nusantara,tempat pemujaan awalnya pun masih terbuat dari kayu.Kemudian digunakanlah batu sebagai bahan bangunan.Itupun masih berukuran kecil dan masih minim ornamen dan masih ada unsur Indianya.
Istimewanya candi di Nusantara menurut Bosch adalah dari segi teknis,mungkin tidak begitu mengagumkan,tapi dari segi seni,candi2 di Nusantara memiliki nilai yang tinggi.Hingga kini,bangunan candi tertua masih dilihat pada gugus candi Hindu di Dieng. 
Ada sebuah teori yang mengatakan bahwa raja2 Nusantara mendatangkan arsitek langsung dari India untuk memebangun candi,tapi teori ini masih lemah karena tidak ditemukan candi bercorak India,misalnya penggunaan pilar.Kemudian munculah teori baru bahwa arsitek Indonesialah yang membangun candi dan mereka membangun candi sesuai yang tertera dalam kitab Silpasastra (kitab yang berisi kaidah pembangunan candi).

Quote:An :Sebenarnya apa sih latar belakang orang zaman dahulu dalam membangun candi ?
Ark:Latar belakang candi dibangun adalah untuk Memuliakan orang yang meninggal atau sering disebut dengan didharmakan.Biasanya yang didharmakan adalah orang penting seperti raja,bangsawan,atau agamawan.Dalam tradisi Hindu Budha tidak mengenal tradisi penguburan,yang ada adalah pembakaran mayat yang kemudian abunya dilarung ke laut sebagai simbol terpisahnya roh dari unsur keduniawian yang selanjutnya akan menyatu dengan dewa yang dulu menitis pada seorang raja (mirip dengan konsep Avatar).Setelah melalui berbagai upacara,barulah didirkan candi untuk mendharamakan raja.Untuk candi Budha,
Candi dibangun sebagai tempat pemujaan atau sebagai biara.Abu jenazah biasanya disimpan di stupa2 dekat candi.Ketika candi dibangun,tanah didirikanya sebuah candi dijadikan sebuah Sima atau tanah perdikan (tanah bebas pajak) melalui berbagai upacara.Penetapan Sima ini biasanya dicatat pada sebuah prasasti.Candi memiliki konsepsi yang jauh lebih rumit daripada bangunan2 pada masa kini,konsepsi sebuah candi meliputi :
1.Candi merupakan tiruan dari gunung suci,yaitu Mahameru dan Kailasa,jadi banyak sekali ornamen tumbuhan yang ada dalam sebuah candi.
2.Sebuah candi harus memiliki konsep geometri suci atau dalam tradisi India disebut Mandala.
3.Candi merupakan simbol dari rahim atau Grbagrha.
4.Candi merupakan pusat dari peziarahan.
5.Candi merupakan imitasi dari surga,makanya banyak relief bidadari pada sebuah candi.
6.Sebuah candi merupakan penghubung antara surga dengan bumi.
Quote:Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi

 
 
 


Denah Candi Borobudur yang melambangkan sebuah Mandala

Quote:An :Saya masih bingung bagaimana orang2 zaman dahulu membangun sebuah candi ?
Ark:Bagaimana orang2 zaman dahulu membangun candi juga masih menjadi pertanyaan bagi arkeolog karena tidak ditemukan alat2 untuk membangun candi.Teknik membangun candi tergantung dari bahannya sendiri.Untuk batu,biasanya digunakan susunan batu yang saling mengunci seperti pada mainan lego.Sedangkan untuk batu bata,biasanya batu bata akan direkatkan dengan cara digosok gosokan menggunakan air.
Yang jelas,dalam membangun candi harus memerhatikan hal2 yang ada dalam ilmu Vastusastra atau Silpasastra. Ilmu ini berisi berbagai hal mulai dari pemilihan jenis tanah,cara pengujian tanah,pembuatan diagram,detail bangunan,hingga pembagian kerjanya.

Quote:An:Terus adakah pembagian kerja dalam membangun sebuah candi ?
Ark:Tentu ! sebuah tentu membutuhkan pembagian kerja agar bisa berdiri dengan baik termasuk candi.Adapun pembagian kerja meliputi:
1.Yajamana : Yajamana adalah orang yang memerintahkan dan mendanai pembangunan sebuah candi.
2.Acharya : Imam,atau pendeta yang memimpin upacara pembuatan candi.
3.Sthapati : Arsitek,dipilih oleh Acharya.
4.Sutrhagin:Surveyor,bertugas untuk menentukan tanah tempat akan dibangunnya candi.
5.Taksaka : Tugasnya menghias candi dengan relief2 dan membuat arca.
6.Vardhakin:Orang yang tugasnya mirip pekerja kasar,misalnya mengangkat batu,membuat perancah,atau menyusun candi.

Quote:An :Seperti apa bentuk susunan pada sebuah candi ?
Ark:Susunan candi dibagi menjadi 3 bagian yaitu bagian yaitu:
1.Kaki candi merupakan bagian bawah candi. Bagian ini melambangkan dunia bawah atau bhurloka. Pada konsep Buddha disebut kamadhatu. Yaitu menggambarkan dunia hewan, alam makhluk halus seperti iblis, raksasa dan asura, serta tempat manusia biasa yang masih terikat nafsu rendah.
2.Tubuh candi adalah bagian tengah candi yang berbentuk kubus yang dianggap sebagai dunia antara atau bhuwarloka. Pada konsep Buddha disebut rupadhatu. Yaitu menggambarkan dunia tempat manusia suci yang berupaya mencapai pencerahan dan kesempurnaan batiniah. 
3.Atap candi adalah bagian atas candi yang menjadi simbol dunia atas atau swarloka. Pada konsep Buddha disebut arupadhatu. Yaitu menggambarkan ranah surgawi tempat para dewa dan jiwa yang telah mencapai kesempurnaan bersemayam.
Pada dasarnya,candi merupakan tempat bertemunya surga,bumi,dan dunia bawah.Untuk lebih jelas lihat gambar di bawah
Quote:Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Susunan candi Prambanan

An :Apa aja sih yang ada pada bagian dalam candi ?
Ark: Dalam konsepsi India,bagian dalam candi melambangkan rahim atau disebut juga Grbhagrha.Pada bagian dalam candi Hindu biasanya kita akan temukan lingga,yaitu batu yang melambangkan dewa Siwa.Selain lingga,kita juga akan menemukan arca dewa yang merupakan penjelmaan seorang raja.Lalu pada bagian dasar candi,terdapat sumuran yang berfungsi untuk menyimpan peripih,yaitu kotak yang digunakan untuk menyimpan abu,entah abu jenazah atau abu hewan,serta lempengan emas yang bertuliskan mantra2,lalu ada permata,kaca,atau cangkang kerang.Pada bagian atas ruangan,terdapat rongga kosong yang fungsinya diyakini sebagai tempat bersemayamnya rohnya dewa.
Lalu untuk candi Budha,kita akan dapatkan patung Budha serta pengiringnya.

Quote:An :Terus apa sajakah yang ada pada bagian luar candi ?
Ark:Pada bagian luar candi terdapat relief2 yang menceritakan kisah tertentu.Pada candi Hindu,biasanya menceritakan kisah Mahabaratha atau Ramayana.Sedangkan pada candi Budha bisasanya menceritakan kisah perjalanan hidup sang Budha.Kemungkinan besar relief2 pada masa itu diberi warna,namun seiring zaman,warna2 tadi luntur.Ada juga antefix,yaitu hiasan segitiga pada bagian puncak dinding.Antefix dibuat untuk memberi kesan bangunan lebih tinggi daripada biasanya.Kemudia terdapat Jaladwara,yaitu semacam tempat pembuangan air hujan yang dihias sedemikian rupa.Selain itu,
masih terdapat kala makara.Kala adalah hiasan pada bagian atas pintu candi yang berbentuk seperti wajah Iblis atau raksaksa Kala.Adapun Makara adalah hiasan di kaki tangga candi,biasanya berbentuk hewan aneh.Kala Makara berfungsi untuk menakut nakuti roh jahat agar tidak masuk ke dalam candi.Kala sendiri adalah dewa waktu.Di Jawa Timur,kala digambarkan memiliki taring besar pada bagian atas dan bawah mulut,berbeda dengan di Jawa Tengah yang taringnya hanya pada bagian atas.Selain itu,terdapat pintu masuk candi yang dibedakan menjadi dua,yaitu candi bentar yang tidak memiliki atap,dan paduraksa yang memiliki
atap.

Quote:An :
Ark:Tata letak candi dibagi menjadi dua,yaitu secara konsentris,dan secara berurutan.Secara konsentris,posisi candi yang lebih besar dikelilingi oleh anak-anak candi yang lebih kecil (candi perwara),sehingga candi paling besar ada di tengah bangunan.Sistem ini dipengaruhi oleh tata letak mandala.Contohnya pada Candi Sewu dan Candi Prambanan.Secara paralel yaitu posisi candi perwara berada di depan candi induk. Ada yang disusun berurutan simetris, ada yang asimetris. 
Ada juga pola denah memanjang ke belakang.Urutan pengunjung memasuki kawasan yang dianggap kurang suci berupa gerbang dan bangunan tambahan, sebelum memasuki kawasan tersuci tempat candi induk berdiri. Sistem ini merupakan sistem tata letak asli Nusantara yang memuliakan tempat yang tinggi, sehingga bangunan induk atau tersuci diletakkan paling tinggi di belakang mengikuti topografi alami ketinggian tanah tempat candi dibangun.Ada juga yang dibangun secara tersebar.
Contohnya pada Candi Sukuh dan Pura2 di Bali.Arah hadap sebuah candi tergantung dari konsepsi dari tata ruangnya,secara kosmologis,candi menghadap ke arah barat atau timur.Candi terkadang menghadap ke arah gunung tertentu yang dianggap suci atau disebut dengan Chtonis.
Oh ya,hampir semua bagian tengah candi tidak berada tepat pada tengah bangunan,kecuali sebuah candi di Ngemplak,Sleman Yogyakarta.
Quote:Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Denah Candi Sukuh yang memanjang ke belakang
Quote:Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Denaha Candi Prambanan yang konsentris

Quote:An :Terus dimanakah orang zaman dahulu memilih lokasi untuk membangun candi ?
Ark:Sesuai dengan kitab Silpasastra,masyarakat membangun candi berdekatan dengan air,jika tidak ditemukan air,maka akan dibuat sebuah kolam,karena air merupakan salah satu unsur upacara.Selain itu candi dibangun pada sebuah puncak gunung karena ada kepercayaan bahwa gunung merupakan tempat bersemayamnya dewa.Contoh candi yang dibangun di puncak gunung adalah candi yang ada di gunung Penanggunan.Jadi bikin candi itu gak asal2an kaya bangunan zaman sekarang.Semuanya ada konsepsinya.

Quote:An :Selama ini saya membaca buku sejarah,disebutkan bahwa candi memiliki dua langgam,yaitu langgam Jawa Tengah dan langgam Jawa Timur.Apakah itu sudah benar ?
Ark:Hal itu sebenarnya sudah benar,tapi ada catatan bahwa ada candi berlanggam Jawa Tengah tapi ada di Jawa Timur seperti Candi Badut,di Jawa Tengah juga ada candi berlanggam Jawa Timur seperti candi Sukuh dan Candi Cetho.
Oleh pak Soekmono,akhirnya pembagian candi didasarkan bukan berdasarkan lokasinya,tapi berdasarkan masanya,yaitu Masa Klasik Awal dan Masa Klasik Akhir.

Quote:An :Ada berapa candi dari ukuran, kerumitan, dan kemegahannya ? 
Ark:Candi dibagi menjadi 3 berdasarkan dari ukuran, kerumitan, dan kemegahannya candi yaitu :

1.Candi Kerajaan, yaitu candi yang digunakan oleh seluruh warga kerajaan, tempat digelarnya upacara-upacara keagamaan penting kerajaan. Candi kerajaan biasanya dibangun mewah, besar, dan luas. Contoh: Candi Borobudur, Candi Prambanan, Candi Sewu, dan Candi Panataran.
2.Candi Wanua atau Watak, yaitu candi yang digunakan oleh masyarakat pada daerah atau desa tertentu pada suatu kerajaan. Candi ini biasanya kecil dan hanya bangunan tunggal yang tidak berkelompok. Contoh: candi yang berasal dari masa Majapahit, Candi Sanggrahan di Tulung Agung, Candi Gebang di Yogyakarta, dan Candi Pringapus.
3.Candi Pribadi, yaitu candi yang digunakan untuk mendharmakan seorang tokoh, dapat dikatakan memiliki fungsi mirip makam. Contoh: Candi Kidal (pendharmaan Anusapati, raja Singhasari), candi Jajaghu (Pendharmaan Wisnuwardhana, raja Singhasari), Candi Rimbi (pendharmaan Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi, ibu Hayam Wuruk), Candi Tegowangi (pendharmaan Bhre Matahun), dan Candi Surawana (pendharmaan Bhre Wengker).

Quote:An :Terus apa saja fungsi dari sebuah candi ?
Ark:Macam2,mulai dari :

1.Candi Pemujaan: candi Hindu yang paling umum, dibangun untuk memuja dewa, dewi, atau bodhisatwa tertentu, contoh: candi Prambanan, candi Canggal, candi Sambisari, dan candi Ijo yang menyimpan lingga dan dipersembahkan utamanya untuk Siwa, candi Kalasan dibangun untuk memuliakan Dewi Tara, sedangkan candi Sewu untuk memuja Manjusri.
2.Candi Stupa: didirikan sebagai lambang Budha atau menyimpan relik buddhis, atau sarana ziarah agama Buddha. Secara tradisional stupa digunakan untuk menyimpan relikui buddhis seperti abu jenazah, kerangka, potongan kuku, rambut, atau gigi yang dipercaya milik Buddha Gautama, atau bhiksu Buddha terkemuka, atau keluarga kerajaan penganut Buddha. Beberapa stupa lainnya dibangun sebagai sarana ziarah dan ritual, contoh: candi Borobudur, candi Sumberawan, dan candi Muara Takus
3.Candi Pedharmaan: sama dengan kategori candi pribadi, yakni candi yang dibangun untuk memuliakan arwah raja atau tokoh penting yang telah meninggal. Candi ini kadang berfungsi sebagai candi pemujaan juga karena arwah raja yang telah meninggal seringkali dianggap bersatu dengan dewa perwujudannya, contoh: candi Belahan tempat Airlangga dicandikan, arca perwujudannya adalah sebagai Wishnu menunggang Garuda. Candi Simping di Blitar, tempat Raden Wijaya didharmakan sebagai dewa Harihara.
4.Candi Pertapaan: didirikan di lereng-lereng gunung tempat bertapa, contoh: candi-candi di lereng Gunung Penanggungan, kelompok candi Dieng dan candi Gedong Songo, serta Candi Liyangan di lereng timur Gunung Sundoro, diduga selain berfungsi sebagai pemujaan, juga merupakan tempat pertapaan sekaligus situs permukiman.
5.Candi Wihara: didirikan untuk tempat para biksu atau pendeta tinggal dan bersemadi, candi seperti ini memiliki fungsi sebagai permukiman atau asrama, contoh: candi Sari dan Plaosan
6.Candi Gerbang: didirikan sebagai gapura atau pintu masuk, contoh: gerbang di kompleks Ratu Boko, Bajang Ratu, Wringin Lawang, dan candi Plumbangan.
7.Candi Petirtaan: didirikan didekat sumber air atau di tengah kolam dan fungsinya sebagai pemandian, contoh: Petirtaan Belahan, Jalatunda, dan candi Tikus

Quote:An :Terakhir,apa saja bahan untuk membangun candi ?
Ark:Ada bermacam2 bahan yang digunakan untuk membangun sebuah candi,antara lain :

1. Batu andesit, batu bekuan vulkanik yang ditatah membentuk kotak-kotak yang saling kunci. Batu andesit bahan candi harus dibedakan dari batu kali. Batu kali meskipun mirip andesit tapi keras dan mudah pecah jika ditatah (sukar dibentuk). Batu andesit yang cocok untuk candi adalah yang terpendam di dalam tanah sehingga harus ditambang di tebing bukit.
2.Batu putih (tuff), batu endapan piroklastik berwarna putih, digunakan di Candi Pembakaran di kompleks Ratu Boko. Bahan batu putih ini juga ditemukan dijadikan sebagai bahan isi candi, dimana bagian luarnya dilapis batu andesit
3.Bata merah, dicetak dari lempung tanah merah yang dikeringkan dan dibakar. Candi Majapahit dan Sumatera banyak menggunakan bata merah.
4.Stuko (stucco), yaitu bahan semacam beton dari tumbukan batu dan pasir. Bahan stuko ditemukan di percandian Batu Jaya.
5.Bajralepa (vajralepa), yaitu bahan lepa pelapis dinding candi semacam plaster putih kekuningan untuk memperhalus dan memperindah sekaligus untuk melindungi dinding dari kerusakan. Bajralepa dibuat dari campuran pasir vulkanik dan kapur halus. Konon campuran bahan lain juga digunakan seperti getah tumbuhan, putih telur, dan lain-lain. Bekas-bekas bajralepa ditemukan di candi Sari dan candi Kalasan. Kini pelapis bajralepa telah banyak yang mengelupas.
6.Kayu, beberapa candi diduga terbuat dari kayu atau memiliki komponen kayu. Candi kayu serupa dengan Pura Bali yang ditemukan kini. Beberapa candi tertinggal hanya batu umpak atau batur landasannya saja yang terbuat dari batu andesit atau bata, sedangkan atasnya yang terbuat dari bahan organik kayu telah lama musnah. Beberapa dasar batur di Trowulan Majapahit disebut candi, meskipun sesungguhnya merupakan landasan pendopo yang bertiang kayu. Candi Sambisari dan candi Kimpulan memiliki umpak yang diduga candi induknya dinaungi bangunan atap kayu. Beberapa candi seperti Candi Sari dan Candi Plaosan memiliki komponen kayu karena pada struktur batu ditemukan bekas lubang-lubang untuk meletakkan kayu gelagar penyangga lantai atas, serta lubang untuk menyisipkan daun pintu dan jeruji jendela.

Quote:An :Oh ya saya hampir lupa,bagaimanakah seorang arkeolog memperlakukan sebuah candi ?
Ark:Pertanyaan yang sudah saya tunggu sejak awal,jadi begini seorang arkeolog memperlakukan sebuah candi sesuai dengan kode etik ilmu arkeologi.Jadi sebuah candi harus berdiri di tempatnya ditemukan (selama tidak ada proses tafonomi) dan jika harus disusun harus menggunakan batu aslinya.Jika candi benar2 runtuh dan batu aslinya belum ditemukan,maka bisa diganti dengan batu baru,tapi harus diberi tanda.Tujuannya jika batu aslinya ditemukan kembali,maka batu baru bisa diganti dengan batu asli.Jika anda melihat pada candi Prambanan ada beberapa batu yang tidak memiliki reliefnya dan berbeda sendiri,maka itu termasuk batu baru.
Karena apa ?Ketika batu baru diberi relief,maka akan menghilangkan kesan otentiknya.Pak Soekmono pernah memberi catatan ketika candi Prambanan akan direkonstruksi kembali bahwa Candi boleh dibangun kembali,asalkan batu baru tidak boleh lebih dari 30 % dari batu lama.Pak Soekmono sendiri lebih suka candi dibiarkan runtuh karena menambahkan kesan eksostisnya.Sama halnya pemerintah Kamboja membiarkan Candi Angkor Thom ditutupi semak belukar dan runtuh agar terlihat eksotis.
Quote:Sekedara tambahan :
Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Antefiks,hanya berfungsi sebagai hiasan

Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Lingga Yoni,simbol dari kesuburan

Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Jaladwara,fungsinya seperti saluran pembuangan air pada masa sekarang.

Anda Bertanya Arkeolog Menjawab :: Seputar Candi
Stupa,susunan batu yang berbentuk setenga lingkaran yang berfungsi untuk menyimpan relik atau abu.

Quote:Sumber :
Soekmono, 1974. Candi Fungsi dan Pengertiannya, UI Press.
George Michell,Hindhu Art & Architecture

(1) Eathenware Budhist Tablet astifact

(2) Earthenware Jar Kendi artifact

(3) Eatherware Jarlet buli-buli artfact

(4) other old artifact finding

 

Batujaya Museum

The Jokowi History Collection

Part One

Created By

DR Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Limited E-Book In CD-ROM

Special For Senior Collectors And Historian

Copyrighy @ Dr Iwan 2014

 

INTRODUCTION

Saya mulai tertarik dengan Jokowi saat pemimilu Daerah Gubernur DKI, dan kemudian saat Pilpres RI 2014 walaupun kemudian saya beralih ke capres PrabowoSubianto karena saya menginggat jasa ayahnya

Prof Sumitro mendirikan Fakultas Ekonomi di Padang sumatera Barat tempat kelahiran saya dan Prof Sumitro membantu perjuangan rakyat Sumatera Barat menentang Komunisme.

Kemudian saya kembali tertarik dengan Jokowi karena Prabo tidak mengakui hasil PIlpres dan mengugatnya di Makamah Konstitusi,sifatnya yang arogan membuat simpari saya menghilang walaupun saat Pemilu saya memilihnya.

Untuk mengrahui bagaimana perlkembangan peranan presiden Indonesia Ke 7 Joko Widodo dengan

wakilnya Moh Jusuf Kall(JK) saya akan mulai mengumpulkan informasi sejak kampanye Pemilu dimulai baik dari surat Kabar maupun dari internet,dan inilah hasilnya.

Semoga Karya Tulis ini dapat menjadi masukan bagi generasi penerus,dimasa mendatang.

Selamat Pak Jokowi dan JK kami mengharapkan anda berdua dapat meningkatkan peran dan keberhasilan Republik Indonesia baik dalam negeri maupun luar negeri seperti yang di diharapkan oleh seluruh rakyat Indonesia

Jakarta Agustus 2014

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Presdien RI

Komentar Dr Iwan

Presiden Jokowi, hati-hati bila tanda tangan sesuatu, anda telah keliru menadatangani prasasasti huruf keliru

PELUMBACURAN yang seharusnya PELUNCURAN, jika Bapak telah lupa akn janji membuat telaga raksasa di Jakarta dan juga pembangunan lainnya nanti juga akan lupa, tentu anda seharusnya bersumpah demi nama allah untuk selalu meminta ILHAM dan KEPINTARAN untuk dapat memecahkan permasalahan didunia yang penunh tandatangan dan ancama,serta memberikan peneranga agar seluruh rakyat Indoensia waspada terhadap berbagai ancama, jika bapak laksanakan tentu Bapak akan dipilih pada prode berikutnya

Dr Iwan Suwandy

Konusltan Informasi

 

Hi Iwan

And I’m sorry, but it’s a tough one.

Who was the most important artist of the 1960s?

I know, I know.

What a ridiculous thing to ask.

How do you even answer that?

You’ve got all of the Beatles.

The Rolling Stones, the Grateful Dead…

There’s Jimi Hendrix,

Joni Mitchell and

Jim Morrison alongside countless others from

Ray Davies to

Brian Wilson.

Let’s not even start on

Motown.

I can hear you banging your head against your desk.

I’ve been banging mine for the past couple of hours.

But humour me.

Which one?

Who’s the one person to personify the spirit of the era?

Because if you asked me…

After a lot of thought…

And enough head banging to give me a mild concussion…

I would have to say

Bob Dylan.

Bob Dylan was the voice of his generation

AKA Robert Zimmerman.

The nobody from nowhere who arrived in New York in 1961, to pay his respects to

a dying Woody Guthrie…

Who passed him the torch of the great American folk tradition

Think about it.

Dylan revolutionised folk music, breathing life into a dying sound.

In his music we hear the voice of the new America.

The sound of changing times.

Author Joyce Carol Oates once wrote: “When we first heard this raw, very young, and seemingly untrained voice, frankly nasal, as if sandpaper could sing, the effect was dramatic and electrifying.”

His songs are eternal.

They speak to all ages and backgrounds.

Do you remember the first time you heard Blowing in the Wind?

I do

And so do millions of others.

In 100 years’ time people will still be listening to his music.

I’ve got something for you

It’s a set list signed by Dylan.

Bob Dylan Autographed Set List

For Sale: £2,950.00

  • Bob Dylan handwritten set list from a 2001 concert
  • Signed by the artist clearly in black pen
  • Lists some of his most famous songs

Bob Dylan (1941-) is one of the most influential musicians of all time, who has had a “profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power.” His career has spanned more than five decades, but nonetheless quality memorabilia remains extremely rare due to his private nature.

Dylan has handwritten and autographed this set list for a live concert performance in Seattle, Washington in 2001, “To Celery, Best wishes! Bob Dylan, 2001”. ‘Celery’ was a member of staff helping on the tour.

Each section of the show is divided into groups of songs, beginning with Shine the Light and ending with the enigmatic All Along the Watch Tower. Dylan’s autograph is placed on a blank section of this list.
The list is written in thick black marker, while Dylan’s signature is inscribed in fine black pen. There is some handwritten blue text on the back of the page. Some light folds and creases to the page, otherwise in excellent condition.

This item qualifies for our layaway plan

For Sale: £2,950.00


Stock Status:In Stock 
 
Product Code: PT620

 

From a gig in Seattle, Washington in 2001

5 things you never knew about Bob Dylan

  1. Dylan has worked under various aliases over the years, from Elston Gunn to Blind Boy Grunt.
    4. He’s the only rock musician ever awarded a Pulitzer Prize.
    3. In 1997 he performed for Pope John Paul II. 
    2. He’s released 36 studio albums over the years. 
    1. While he was born Jewish, he became an evangelical Christian in the 1970s.

Source

Paul

 

Source

Twitter

 

Hi iwan,

Welcome to your Paul Fraser Collectibles newsletter.

First for you this week:

Cold Blood

Have your read Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood, or seen the film? It is the account of the horrific murder of a Kansas family in 1959.

And now a guitar owned by one of the two men responsible is coming to auction at Guernsey’s in New York.

Capote mentions Smith’s guitar several times in his book

Perry Smith’s Gibson-made guitar auctions with a $175,000 high estimate at the end of the month. It is accompanied in the lot by the guitar played by

Robert Blake in the 1967 film adaptation.

Guernsey’s comments: “The In Cold Blood pair of guitars in the auction must constitute one of the most unusual musical offerings ever: those who vividly recall the legendary Truman Capote book and movie will remember that Perry Smith, the much-analyzed killer, toted his guitar everywhere.”

Che Guevara’s cigar box

Personal items connected with Che Guevara are rare. So you can be sure the auction of the revolutionary’s cigar box will cause excitement on March 1

 

Cuban history of this calibre is a rare find

It’s expected to make around £10,000-12,000 ($14,500-17,398).

“Items relating to this period of Cuban history rarely appear on the market. We have only handled one Che Guevara signed photo in the last 10 years,” says Ben Jones of Mullock’s –

 

Christmas tales

Rare Book Chrsimast Tale

short stories written

by Charles Dickens in the 1850s.

A unique Christmassy Christmas Gift

Before you say anything , I Know

I Know it’s only November 17 away

I know Christmas is more than five weeks But I make no apology for talking chrismas with you today

You need to know about this now

Because this is such a special Christmas gift for you and your family

 

 

Memorabilia3

Trade Card

Created By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Copyright @ 2015

 

 

 

 

Babe Ruth

In the week that Shakespeare’s will went on display in London, the will of another legendary artisan has come to light.

Babe Ruth’s last will and testament will auction on February 20 with a $150,000 estimate.

Babe Ruth memorabilia can sell for millions

Ruth (1895-1948) signed the will in 1933, two years before he played his last professional game.

Ruth artefacts are the most valuable in the sports memorabilia arena. His 1920 Yankees road jersey sold for $4.4 million in 2012 – a sports memorabilia record

 

 

 

Ty Cobs Card History Collections

By

Dr Iwan Suwandy,MHA

Consultan Information

Limited E-Book In CD-Rom Edition

Copyright @ Dr Iwan 2016

 

I have seen a very rare Baseball Card Collections

 

Ty Cobb Baseball Cards and Autographs: A Peach of an Investment

Ty Cobb is synonymous with the dead ball era of baseball.  Most of his 22-year career was spent with the Detroit Tigers.  This Hall of Fame inductee had a very colorful life, both on and off the field.  Also, he was one of the few players, who performed the dual function of player and manager.  Ty Cobb baseball cards and autographs are among the most sought after in the hobby.

Comment in google eksploration as upload below

Ty Cobb Baseball Cards and Autographs: A Peach of an Investment

Ty Cobb is synonymous with the dead ball era of baseball.  Most of his 22-year career was spent with the Detroit Tigers.  This Hall of Fame inductee had a very colorful life, both on and off the field.  Also, he was one of the few players, who performed the dual function of player and manager.  Ty Cobb baseball cards and autographs are among the most sought after in the hobby.

Collecting Ty Cobb memorabilia

Cobb’s original baseball cards have been collected for decades.  Every generation of collector rightfully views him as one of the greatest baseball players of all-time.  Validating his popularity, Cobb was named to Major League Baseball’s All Century Team.

Because he excelled in so many areas of the game, many collectible subsets have him included.  Examples would be the following:  .300 batting club, 3,000 hit club,  Hall of Famers, stolen base leaders and many more.

Even though Cobb spent the 1927 and 1928 seasons with the Philadelphia Athletics, team collectors associate him with the Tigers and Detroit team collectors view Cobb as a pinnacle card in their team sets

1932 US Caramel Ty Cobb

Cobb’s personality, brash as it was during his playing days, probably helps his status.  He’s considered one of the game’s most feared tough guys.

Investment quality of Ty Cobb cards

Cobb, like stocks within the Dow Jones Industrial Average, is considered a blue-chip player and investment.  His cards steadily and consistently appreciate in value, especially when viewed over five and ten year time horizons.

There are enough issues of his cards to provide liquidity, while maintaining scarcity at higher grades.  For investors, who wish to add Cobb to their investment portfolios, they should look at both cards and autographs.  Each presents their own, unique opportunities.

Ty Cobb autographs

Cobb lived until 1961 and signed autographs for many years after his playing days, although he wasn’t exactly a man about town.  He was a prodigious letter writer and many Cobb letters have made their way into the marketplace (there are usually a few on eBay via this link and they are fascinating–even those simply responding to fans).   Prices vary dramatically.  Thhere are a lot of autographs in the market, but still not enough to keep up with collector and investor demand.  Be sure to buy with a certificate of authenticity from a leader in the field such as JSA or PSA.

A fairly large quantity of Cobb signed checks also exist and with forgery still an issue in the industry, a signed check is one way to collect authentic signatures without much worry.  Expect to pay at least $1,200-$2,000 for one.

Below are some of the most popular Cobb cards in the marketplace, although by no means does the list showcase all of those from his playing career.  Click the title of each to see that particular issue being offered by eBay sellers.

Top Ty Cobb Baseball Cards to Watch

1912 T202 Hassan Cobb and Jennings/Ty Cobb Steals Third– This card, like no other, captures the true grit and determination of the player.  The middle of the multi-player tobacco issue features a photo of Cobb sliding into third base.  With Hughie Jennings sharing space with Cobb on this rectangular issue, you can’t lose.  Cobb also appears on other combinations in the T202 set.

1914, 1915 Cracker JackThe 1914 Cracker Jack set is exceedingly rare but collectors can find 1915 Cracker Jack Ty Cobb cards in the market.  They’re still quite scarce and expensive.  However, the sets are very popular because of Cobb’s stature, the desirability of the set itself and Cracker Jack’s still iconic status in American culture

1911 T205 Gold Border – A lithograph portrait of Ty Cobb is featured on the front of the card.  The gold border gives this one an elegant quality but they are also prone to showing wear because of it. Like the T206 issue, these come with various cigarette brand ads on the back and the less common brands can command big money.  However, the best advice is to buy the best quality Cobb you can afford.  Mid-grade examples can be found for $2,000 and less but near mint issues will run into the tens of thousands.

1909 E95 Philadelphia Caramel – If you’re looking for the quintessential Cobb portrait, this might be it. The E95 baseball card set is attractive and popular but Cobb’s card is spectacular. Standing in the collared uniform with the famous Tigers cap on his head, Cobb’s lithograph portrait is set against a red background.  The card is a more economical alternative to the T206 issue and around ten can usually be found on eBay with prices reflecting the smaller number of cards available compared to T205 and T206 Cobb cards

1909-1911 T206 How popular was Cobb?  Popular enough to have four different card issued in this set, which was produced during the height of his career.  There are two portrait cards, one picturing him with a bat on his shoulder and another with the bat just off his shoulder.  T206 cards were produced with several different types of cigarette ads on the back and the most rare examples of these will command the highest prices and be in demand but so will higher grade T206 Cobbs, regardless of back.

Of course, the rarest Cobb card is the T206 style with the ‘Ty Cobb Tobacco’ back.  Issued only in tins of a brand of tobacco endorsed by Cobb, only a small number exist and they sell for huge prices.  In 2013, a PSA 1 example sold for $120,109 via Goldin Auctions.

Ty Cobb baseball cards and autographs have proven to be a worthy investment and it’s unlikely that will change.   Cobb’s status as one of the game’s greatest players remains intact.  You’ll have competition in the marketplace, but compare prices of completed sales and bid or buy accordingly.

Source

B.Cardin Inv.

More info look.

E-Book In CD-Rom

Ty cobs history collctions

By Dr iwan suwandy,MHA

Consultan information or in web blog Hhtp//www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

Or via email iwansuwandy@gmail.com for mor information or coonsulation the the original or flase card and the value of the card original or repepro

 

 

 

 

o    IDR32,467,532.47

 

Memorabilia5

Magazine

 

intage magazines appeal to people who have a particular interest in old paper, to be sure, but they are also collected for the specific content on and between their covers.

For example,

those who have fond

memories of JFK may seek out copies of the November 29, 1963, issue of “Life,” with its formal portrait of the recently assassinated 35th president on its somber cover.

Serious Beatles fans almost certainly want a copy of the January 9, 1968, issue of “Look,” which included a quartet of full-page, psychedelic photos of John, Paul, George, and Ringo by Richard Avedon.

And military historians may collect copies of “Colliers” printed during World War II for its articles by Martha Gellhorn, who famously stowed away on a hospital ship so she could report on the D-Day landing at Normandy.

Not all magazine collectors are so high-minded. Year in and year out,

one of the most popular vintage-magazine titles has been “Playboy,” especially its undated first issue from December of 1953, which featured a Marilyn Monroe centerfold. For those who claim that they only read “Playboy” for the articles, there are numerous more literary issues to choose from,

including the March, April, and May editions from 1954, in which Ray Bradbury’s “Fahrenheit 451” was serialized in its entirety.

For art lovers, there are old copies of “The Saturday Evening Post,” which were famous for its covers by Norman Rockwell, and “Harper’s Weekly,” which occasionally had covers by Maxfield Parrish.

More recently, copies of “Oz,” a London music, fashion, and culture magazine from the late 1960s, have been in demand for the artwork created for it by Martin Sharp, who silkscreened posters of Bob Dylan on foil and made album covers for Cream.

Other magazines fall somewhere between comic books and science-fiction novels, such as issues of “Amazing Stories,” which, in the 1940s,

reprinted a number of Edgar Rice Burroughs’ tales of earthman John Carter’s adventures on Mars, or, as it was named by Burroughs, Barsoom. “Argosy” was also an outlet for Burroughs, serializing his “Tarzan” adventures in the 1920s and ’30s.

Finally, there are magazines that are infamous for being spot-on parodies of other magazines.

In 1972, the “Harvard Lampoon” produced its version of “Cosmopolitan,” which featured a nude centerfold of

Henry Kissinger, which was as disgusting as you might imagine it would be. Not to be outdone, in 1980, “New West” produced a slim but brilliant five-page parody of “Sunset” which it called “Sunsect,” featuring a family picnicking in the shadow of a nuclear power plant on the cover and articles such as “Mule trips into East Los Angeles–a guide” and “Tulips so big they eat meat” inside.

 The End @ Copyright Dr iwan 2016

INILAH KENANG-KENANGAN DARI dR iwan bagi seluruh teman-teman dan keluarga besar , dibuat saat setelah musim hujan yang penuh prihatin.

Saya harap kleuarga besar akan tetap meneruskan web blog ini apabila suatu waktu saya sudah taka da lagi didunia ini

 dan koleksi tersebut hendaknya tetap disimpan dlam museum leluhur kita WANLI di rumah yang sya peroleh s=dari ahsil penjualan koleksi saya.

yang saya kumpul sejak berumur sepuluh tahun (tahun 1955) sampai tahun 2016 ditambah koleksi yang akan dtang diperkirakan dua puluh tahun ;lagi (2036), saat ini entah dima a aku berada di gunung, dihutan,didasar laut , didlam sungai atau masih melayang0-melayang diudara, karena itu sya minta cucu saya antoni wiliam suwandy membacakan pesan saya terakhirr di saat jenazah saya dimakamkan secara militer saat trompet dan genderang dan temabakan diletuskan SAMBIL MENDEKAP PISTL MAINAN YANG oPA JANJIKAN YANG BELUM DISERAHKAN.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If I told you, iwan.

That just minutes from now…

…you could own a piece of American folklore…

…would you believe me?

I don’t blame you if you’re sceptical.

But it’s true.

Because I have for you a piece of memorabilia from an American folk hero.

A folk hero as much an American legend as Daniel Boone, Johnny Appleseed or Davy Crockett.

A folk hero as much a part of the story of America as the Plymouth Rock, the US Constitution, or Ellis Island.

“Impossible Paul”

Impossible to own a piece that important? That legendary? That rare?

It’s not impossible.

This item is rare, yes. Hugely, rare. Which means these things appear for sale but seldom.

But it is possible.

And today is one of those rare occasions.

Are you ready?

This is a piece of paper.

A piece of paper bearing a letterhead from the Crosby House hotel, in Beaumont, Texas.

106 years ago, one of the legends of the Old West took out a pen…

…and wrote seven words on this piece of paper.

The folk hero who wrote these seven words is so celebrated…

…so much a part of American culture…

…that she is almost mythical.

“Did she really exist?” children ask, as though her feats were so legendary, she can’t have been real.

It’s why this piece of personal memorabilia is so exhilarating for you to own.

It’s the myth becoming a reality.

This woman was such a dead-eye shot she could:

  →  

Shoot a cigarette from your mouth at 50 paces 

  →  

Snuff out a candle’s flame with a single bullet 

  →  

Split a playing card in two along its edge

You’ve got it now, I’m sure.

We’re talking Annie Oakley. Who took on the men, and spanked their behinds.

The farm girl now a folk hero: Annie Oakley

The Annie Oakley who, besides being the finest shot around, was also:

America’s most famous woman: At 5 foot nothing, with a gun slung over her shoulder, and a femininity offset with a swagger that said “look but don’t touch”, her shows sold out in America and around the world.

A pioneer for women’s rights: Not only did she shoot guns for a living, Oakley taught 15,000 women to handle guns for self-defence. She once said: “I ain’t afraid to love a man. I ain’t afraid to shoot him either.”

Today, perhaps many know her story from the musical Annie Get Your Gun. Perhaps the true woman behind the legend is in danger of being lost.

But not for you.

Not when you own this striking rare autograph and inscription

I am thanking you!” writes Annie Oakley

This is a hand-signed note from Annie Oakley from 1910.

It reads “Annie Oakley Butler. I am thanking you!”

(Butler was her married name).

Who was the sharpshooter thanking on this day 106 years ago? We don’t know.

What we do know is that Annie’s signature is stunning

Crisp and confident: a gorgeous signature

Just look at the crispness. The confidence. This is a woman who knows she is good. And in 1910, she is at the top of her game.

What’s more, the autograph, inscription and piece of paper are in excellent condition. And that’s not all you get.

Because this note comes mounted and framed – along with a superb Annie Oakley photograph. It all makes for a stunning piece of American history

Annie Oakley Autographed Note

For Sale: £2,950.00

  • Note autographed by legendary sharpshooter Annie Oakley, star of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show

Annie Oakley (1860-1926) was an American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. Dubbed “Little Sure Shot” by Chief Sitting Bull, 5-foot-tall Annie rose to fame in her role in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show.

This item features Annie’s autograph, reading “Annie Oakley Butler. I am thanking you”, dated 1910, on headed stationary (7.5cm x 18.5xcm) from the ‘Crosby House Hotel” in Beaumont, Texas. The “Butler” element of her name comes after she marrised traveling show marksman and dog trainer Fracis E Butler in 1876. 

This wonderful autograph is in excellent condition and comes mounted, framed and glazed with an image of Oakley.

This item qualifies for our layaway plan

For Sale: £2,950.00

One you will love showcasing on your wall.

And if you’re still reading, I’m guessing you’d love to know its price.

Ann ie Oakley

1860: Born into a farming family in Ohio. Aged 8, Annie starts shooting game to support her family, and sells the animals to local shops and restaurants. By 15, Annie’s prowess has paid off the family mortgage on their farm. 
1876: Aged just 15, Annie beats renowned show marksman Frank E Butler in a shooting contest. Annie marries him the following year. 
1885: Joins the famous Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show and is the star attraction for the next 16 years. 
1890: While touring Germany, Oakley shoots the cigarette out of Kaiser Wilhelm II’s hand – missing the opportunity to prevent WWI. When war breaks out, Oakley writes to the Kaiser asking for a second shot. She receives no reply. 
1917: Turned down by the US government to head a women’s division of sharpshooters in WWI. Instead, Annie raises money for the Red Cross by putting on shooting displays for the troops. 
1926: Dies a legend

How much?

Remember.

Annie Oakley stuff is rare. Her autograph is rare. And collectors want it. Which means major auction prices. In recent years I’ve seen:

  →  

Annie’s shotgun sell for $240,000 

  →  

Annie’s Stetson hat auction for $15,000 

  →  

An Annie-signed photo make $11,000

So what price for this striking Annie Oakley handwritten note today?

£5,000 ($7,120)? No, lower.

£4,000 ($5,696)? No, lower.

£3,000 ($4,272) surely?

This is yours for just £2,950 ($4,200).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ice hockey

I don’t often get to talk ice hockey in these emails. But today is an exception. Because Classic Auctions’ winter auction took place earlier this week.

If you’re a connoisseur of the game, you’ll know the name Dave Keon, who was at the heart of the Toronto Maple Leafs team in the 60s and 70s.

Dave Keon played for the Toronto Maple Leafs the
last time they lifted the Stanley Cup – 1967

A jersey he wore in his rookie season was the top seller, making $52,360.

There was also a strong performance from Canada goalie Ed Belfour’s 2002 Winter Olympic medal. It made $25,015, while a Bobby Orr Boston Bruins “gamer” achieved $12,518.

Memorabilia19Tiger

 

Pre scandal

2009

 

Post Scandal

2010

For tweleve Year

 

The End @ Copyright Dr Iwan 2016

 

 

 

 

Source Paul

 

 

 

 

 

in small museums near candi Jiwa

 

Candi Jiwa yang pertama kali ditemukan di Situs Batujaya. Ada 24 candi di kompleks ini, di permukaan. Belum yang rata/ bawah permukaan tanah. Teridentifikasi 30 umur, seluas 5 km2

24 candi sekaligus. Itu baru di permukaan, belum yang di bawah permukaan. Bisa jadi yang terbesar di Asia Tenggara. ( kalau sabar, Allah takkan menyia-nyiakan kesabaran itu, kan ? Dihadiah full packed : candi, gerabah kuno, kerangka prasejarah, keramik, dll. You name it ). Situs Batujaya telah teridentifikasi 30 umur dengan luas sekitar 5 kilometer persegi. Dahulu di sepanjang pesisir Karawang berjejer bangunan tertua di Indonesia. Abad 4 Masehi. Warisan kerajaan Budha kuno, Tarumanegara

Source

http://anisavitri.wordpress.com/2010/05/19/situs-batujaya-prasejarah-tarumanagara-terbesar-di-asia-tenggara/

 

There is another candi at batujaya named Candi Cangkuang

Hasan Djafar , UI archaeologists , head of the excavation team Batujaya site , describes the discovery of coherent this site . Excavations have been going on for 22 years has resulted in many discoveries of artifacts : bongkah2 red brick which can then be reconstructed temples are quite large , pottery – pottery , beads , clay tablets and surprising and newly discovered in 2006 this ( mainly July 2006 ) is the discovery of dozens of human skeletons were still intact from the skull to the soles of the feet .


Two women archaeologists French and Dutch nationals specifically come to this site for skeletons excavated at the site Batujaya , take some samples of bones and teeth and will do a DNA study of the fossil bones and teeth in order to get the physical characteristics of the data are more complete . Latest methods in archeology is that a fossil specimen of the human race must be carried out by archaeologists from different races . Possible , to avoid contamination when sampling . Because the human skeleton race in Batujaya estimated from Indonesia , namely Mongolid , then who took the sample is orang2 of the European race ( Caucasian ) .
Research over the course of 20 years has produced some tentative conclusions , namely : ( 1 ) the site was on the verge of pre – history and history of Indonesia ( 4th century and 5th AD , the current limit of pre – history and history of Indonesia is AD 400 years ) , ( 2 ) temple Batujaya made ​​of batamerah and discrete Buddhist temple , ( 3 ) pottery and beads were found is from the Neolithic period , ( 4 ) votive tablets ( a kind of seal ) of baked clay bearing short posts in Pallava script .

The Beattles

History Collections

Edited By

Dr Iwan Suwandy<MHA

Consultan information

Copyright@2015

 

PART ONE

CHRONOLOGY HISTORY COLLECTIONS

Imagine, iwan.

You’ve bought an autograph. You love it.

You have it mounted and framed. You hang it on your wall. You show it off to friends, neighbours, the postman.

But then the doubts begin.

Perhaps you notice other autographs from this famous figure don’t match yours. Perhaps a friend asks “how do you know it’s real?” and it sets you thinking. Or perhaps something just doesn’t feel right.

So you send it to an expert for authentication.

The reply is everything you’ve feared.

“In our opinion this autograph is not genuine”.

It leaves you feeling stupid. A chump. Not to mention out of pocket.

Every time you see it you feel furious. Furious with the seller who swindled you. Furious at yourself for being scammed.

Think I’m scaremongering? Think it won’t happen to you?

Do you know what percentage of autographs on eBay are fakes?

An estimated 80%.

And if you own a signature from one of the 10 famous names on the list below, you’re in real danger.

Because this is autograph authenticator PSA/DNA’s latest list of the 10 most “dangerous” historical and entertainment autographs.

By “dangerous” they mean most likely to be forged.

The dangerous top 10

  1. Star Wars cast
  2. The Rolling Stones
  3. Jimi Hendrix
  4. Led Zeppelin
  5. Marilyn Monroe
  6. Michael Jackson
  7. John F Kennedy
  8. Neil Armstrong
  9. Elvis Presley
  10. The Beatles

“So what’s the answer Paul?”

Don’t run to the hills, vowing never to buy an autograph again.

INSTEAD.

Realise that you can enjoy the incredible hobby of autograph collecting withcomplete confidence.

How?

You have two options:

  1. Become an expert:This takes years of study and experience. There’s no shortcut. Few in the world can genuinely say they are.

Or.

  1. Buy from an expert you trust:I have been trading in autographs since 1977. That is 39 years. In those 39 years I’ve handled tens of thousands of signatures. I’ve seen it all, from terrible fakes to the almost superb.

My 39 years in the business mean I don’t get caught out.

Which means when you buy from me, you know you’re buying the real thing.

And you also get a further layer of security.

Because when you buy from me you get my Lifetime Moneyback Guarantee of Authenticity.

Which means if the autograph turns out to be fake in the future – I will give you your money back. Every penny.

I am happy to offer you this guarantee because I know you’ll never need to use it.

Want to own an autograph you know is genuine?

If you want to own an autograph on the “dangerous” list, but are scared you’re going to get stung, keep reading.

These are four genuine autographs from the “dangerous” list you can buy now at Paul Fraser Collectibles.

The Beatles

Danger alert.

The Beatles are the world’s most popular autograph. Which also makes them the most forged. Always be on your guard.

The most desirable Beatles autographs feature all four members. Autographs such as this:

Four genuine Beatles signatures: just £7,950 ($11,371)

This is a page from an autograph album, signed by John, Paul, George and Ringo in bright blue ink.

Look at the life in these autographs. The youthful excitement of the band and their fans leaps from the page. This piece of paper truly captures the essence of the Beatles and the Beatlemania era.

I’ve seen signed copies of the Beatles’ Sgt Pepper album sell for as much as $290,500. But there are still good deals available at Paul Fraser Collectibles.

This item does have mild staining to the bottom right. Which is why I’m offering you it for just £7,950 ($11,371)

 

1961

THE BEAT BROTHERS

The Beatles First Recorded In Hamburg Germany , Tony Sheridan’s On My Bonnie In 1961 with named “ The Beat Brother”

(part Of Contract)

Complete document look below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original source

Paul

 

Cavern 1961

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1964

 

Meet The Beattles at Aintree Institue Invitation 1961

 

Top of Form

Earlier today, we posted about the 1962 Beatles poster, and ticket

The rebel Rouser ticket years (?)

 

 

 

Theter Ticket fil A Grand River Cruis 1962

Two Ticket 1962

Pier head Liverpool 1962

 

 

 

Winter Garden 1963

Odeon Romford 1st performance ticket year(?)

 

 

Bournemouth theater 1963

Mr Smith’s Nightclub 1963

Ticket 1963

 

Vintage Photo London 1963

 

 

 

 

 

TV scene Southampton 1963

Mersey View Ballrom A Dabnce ticet 1963

Juke box ticket 1963’

 

Royal Variety Performance 1963

Vintage Photo Forthlin Road 1963

Top of Form

The Beatles taking a break from recording `From Me To You’, `The One After 909′ and `Thank You Girl’ at Abbey Road Studios with George Martin, 5th March 1963

Bottom of Form

 

 

Let it be show at The London Pavilluion Picadilly Cirbus Ticket

 

Hyde Park 1964

Four types Ticket 1964

Two Vintgae Photo, Twickenham studio 1964

All I Need is Love,japan,1964

Don’t Buy My Love,Japan,1964

 

 

 

A Hard Day’s Night 1964 Nederland

 

At Bar 1964

 

I feel Fine-She’s AWomen Netherland 1964

Guiters Abey Road Photo 1964

 

Madame tussaud 1964

Ringo drummer 1964 at The rock and Roll Hall Of Fame 1964

Vintgae Photo Fans London 1964

 

The Indonesian Badminton Historic Collections(Koleksi maestro Bulutangkis Indonesia)

 encyclopedia/ac41638d0395dbc9c18dff7187909fedMUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  encyclopedia/ac41638d0395dbc9c18dff7187909fed

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

The Driwan’s 

Indonesian Sport  Cybermuseum

 showcase:

Maestro Bulutangkis Indonesia

1. Kata Pengantar

1.Dalam rangka nostalgia dan mengenang para maestro bulutangkis Indonesia, saya menampilkan beberfapa koleksi majalah,buku dan gambar lama dari para mmasetro tersebut.

2.Semoga informasi ini berguna bagi sejarah olah raga bulutangkis kiita dan memacu para generasi muda untuk dapat menyamai bahkan melebihi prestasi para maestro tersebut.

Jakarta Juni 2011

Dr Iwan suwandy

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encyclopedia/ac41638d0395dbc9c18dff7187909fed
Ferry Sonneville (kiri) salah satu anggota tim piala Thomas Indonesia yang memenangi lambang supremasi tertinggi bulutangkis
Ferry Sonneville

Mantan pemain bulu tangkis Indonesia, organisatoris olahraga dan pengusaha. Lahir di Jakarta, 3 Januari 1931, dan meninggal di Jakarta, 20 November 2003. Menyelesaikan pendidikan: SD St. Yosef Jakarta (1942); HBS Nasau Boulevard, Jakarta (1951); Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool, Rotterdam (1963). la merupakan pemain pertama dan pemimpin regu bulu tangkis Indonesia dalam perebutan Piala Thomas tahun 1958 sampai dengan 1967. Pada perebutan Piala Thomas, Indonesia tampil sebagai juara. Prestasi lain yang dicatatnya antara lain juara Negeri Belanda (1955-1961), Jerman Barat (1959-1960), Kanada (1962) dan Amerika Serikat (1962).

Sebagai mantan pemain bulu tangkis Indonesia, ia adalah salah seorang pemrakarsa berdirinya PBSI yang berkali-kali menjabat ketua IBF dan menjadi anggota Dewan AGF (Asin Games Federation). la juga dikenal sebagai pengusaha real estate. Di pemerintahan, ia sempat diperbantukan sebagai ahli ekonomi pada Gubernur Bank Indonesia (1965-1967); Ketua KONI Pusat dan Anggota Pengurus Asian Games Federation Council (1970); Ketua IBF (1972-1975); Direktur PT Ferry Sonneville & Co. (1968-sekarang).

Kegiatan lain Ketua Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia di Belanda; Ketua Yayasan Perguruan Tinggi Swasta; Anggota Pengurus Real Estate Indonesia; Ketua Jiu Jitsu Indonesia; Ketua Umum PB-PBSI (1981-1985); Ketua Advisory Council IESC (International Executive Corps). Kaya tulis Better Badminton, Nederland, 1958; Bulu Tangkis Bermutu, Jakarta, 1959. Pada tahun 1961 ia menerima anugerah Satyalencana Kebudayaan dari pemerintah RI. Pengalaman sebagai pemain bulu tangkis mengilhami dirinya menulis buku Better Badminton (1958) dan Bulu Tangkis Bermutu (1959).

Ferry Sonneville ,Pahlawan Olahraga Indonesia

 
Indonesia berduka. Ferry Sonneville, ‘pahlawan’ tiga kali meraih Piala Thomas, meninggal dunia di Rumah Sakit MMC Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan, pukul 05.20 WIB, Kamis 20 November 2003. Mantan Ketua Umum Pengurus Besar Persatuan Bulu Tangkis Seluruh Indonesia (PB PBSI) ini, tutup usia akibat kanker darah (leukemia) yang telah diderita selama satu setengah tahun. Jenazah Ferry dikremasi di Krematorium Nirwana, Bekasi, Sabtu (22/11) pukul 10.00, setelah diadakan misa requiem di Gereja Katedral, Jumat (21/11).Pebulu tangkis Indonesia di era 1950 hingga 1960-an ini pantas disebut sebagai pahlawan olahraga Indonesia. Pria kelahiran Jakarta 3 Januari 1931 ini, gigih berjuang demi kejayaan olahraga Indonesia. Ia ikut mendirikan PB PBSI (1951), ikut mendirikan KONI (1966), Ketua Umum KONI (1970), anggota Pengurus Asian Games Federation Council (1970), Chef de Mission kontingen Indonesia ke olimpiade (1971), Presiden International Federation Badminton/IBF (1971-1974), dan Ketua Umum PBSI (1981-1985).

Semasa mudanya, bahkan ia rela mengorbankan kuliahnya di Amerika untuk memperkuat tim Indonesia meraih Piala Thomas pertama kali pada 1958. Ia ikut berjuang dan berjaya merebut dan mempertahankan Piala Thomas tiga kali berturut-turut 1958, 1961 dan 1964. Ia menjadi Kapten bermain/Pelatih Indonesia (1958, 1961 dan 1964).

Pada saat merebut Piala Thomas pertama kali, Tim Indonesia yang diperkuat Ferry Sonneville, Tan Joe Hok, Eddy Yoesoef, Nyoo Kim Bie, Tan King Gwan, Lie Po Djian, dan Olich Solihin tampil menggemparkan ketika membabat sang juara bertahan Malaya, 6-3 di final.

Selain dalam beregu, Ferry yang memiliki rambut putih sejak usia 19 tahun, itu juga mengukir prestasi di nomor perseorangan, dengan menjuarai Belanda Terbuka (1955-1961), Glasgow (1957), Prancis Terbuka (1959-1960), Kanada (1962), serta runner up All England (1959) dikalahkan Tan Joe Hok di final.

Kesenangannya pada dunia olahraga mengalir dari darah kedua orang tuanya. Ayahnya, Dirk Jan Sonneville adalah jago olah raga tenis sebelum Perang Dunia II. Ibunya, Leonij Elisabeth Hubeek adalah juara bulu tangkis antara tahun 1935-1945.

Ia seorang tokoh olahraga Indonesia yang hidupnya lengkap. Selain hebat sebagai pemain bulu tangkis, juga sukses di bidang studinya, gemilang ketika memegang pucuk pemimpin organisasi olahraga, pemimpin akademi, maupun pemimpin organisasi pengusaha.

Ferry yang terlahir dengan nama Ferdinand Alexander Sonneville, ini tidak hanya andal sebagai pemain, Ferry juga andal dalam berorganisasi. Ia orang Indonesia pertama menjabat Presiden Federasi Bulu Tangkis Internasional (IBF) untuk tiga kali masa jabatan tahun 1972-1975. bahkan di dalam negeri, Ferry bersama Sudirman, Ramli Rikin, Sumantri, dan kawan-kawan, yang mendirikan Persatuan Bulu Tangkis Seluruh Indonesia (PBSI) tahun 1951. Kemudian, ia menjabat Ketua Umum PB PBSI periode 1981-1985.

Alumni Erasmus University, Belanda, ini saat menjabat Ketua Umum PBSI dikenal sebagai pemimpin yang sangat akomodatif dan mampu melakukan pendekatan-pendekatan personal kepada para pemain. Setidaknya hal ini tercermin dari pengakuan Icuk Sugiarto, juara dunia bulu tangkis 1983. Icuk mengatakan, “Beliau selain bertindak sebagai ketua umum, juga mampu bertindak sebagai bapak. Beliaulah yang mengantarkan saya menjadi juara dunia 1983.”

Ferry yang dikenal sebagai seorang yang ulet dan suka tantangan ini juga aktif dan sukses di semua bidang yang didumulinya. Saat Ferry menjadi karyawan Bank Indonesia di Amsterdam (1964), ia merintis lahirnya International Governmental Group on Indonesia (IGGI). Ketika itu, ia mengusulkan kepada Pemerintah RI untuk mengundang Prof Jan Tinbergen, ekonom kondang Belanda dengan reputasi internasional.

Di bidang usaha, Ferry sempat pula membangun perusahan di bidang pariwisata yakni, Vayatour. Perusahaan itu didirikan pertama kali oleh kakak beradik dr. Hoksono Haditono dan (alm) Prakasito Hadisusanto. Perusahaan ini didirikan dengan maksud mendukung animo masyarakat yang pada waktu itu sangat antusias pada tim bulutangkis Indonesia. Usaha utama yang dilakukan saat itu adalah menangani acara perjalanan ke luar negeri dalam kaitannya menampung animo pendukung tim bulutangkis Indonesia.

Di bidang usaha properti, ia juga sukses. Ia ikut terlibat di berbagai perusahaan yang membangun perumahan, kawasan komersial, perkantoran, pengembangan industi dan pusat rekreasi. Dia adalah Chairman Executive Board pada PT. Lippo Cikarang, yang mengembangkan kota baru di Cikarang, Bekasi. Ia juga pemilik perusahaan PT. Ferry Sonneville & Co yang antara lain mengembangkan perumahan Feery Sonneville di Bukit Sentul. Ia pernah menjabat Ketua Umum DPP Realestat Indonesia (REI) periode 1986-1989, dan Presiden dan Anggota Executive Committee Federasi Realestat Internasional (FIABCI) sejak 1989.

Pada tahun terakhir, pemegang bintang jasa kelas III dari Presiden (pertama) Bung Karno (1964), ini berniat menulis buku otobiografinya, tetapi tak kesampaian.” Menurut Cynthia Givendolyn (45), anak bungsu dari tiga anak almarhum, di sela-sela menerima pelayat di rumah duka, Rumah Sakit Kanker Dharmais, Slipi, Jakarta Barat, 20/11/03, penulisan buku itu mudah-mudah dapat mereka lanjutkan.

Ferry adalah sosok manusia bersahaja yang bergaul secara global. Ia sembilan tahun menetap di Rotterdam, Belanda, sejak tahun 1955. “Ia berdarah Belanda, Cina, dan Indonesia, tetapi nasionalismenya tak diragukan.,” kata Tan Joe Hok, pebulu tangkis Indonesia pertama menjuarai turnamen paling bergengsi di bulu tangkis dunia, All England, tahun 1959, dengan mengalahkan Ferry Sonneville di final. Ferry menikah dengan Yvonne Theresia de Wit September 1954, dan dikaruniai tiga anak. Pada akhir hayatnya, ia mempunyai dua cucu dari anak keduanya, Genia Theresia, yang kini bermukim di Hongkong. Anak sulungnya, Ferdinand Rudy, sudah terlebih dulu meninggal di London, Inggris, tahun 1976, ketika masih berusia 21 tahun.

Ia dididik dalam keluarga bersahaja dan mandiri. Lingkungan keluarga ini membentuknya memiliki kemandirian dan kegigihan berusaha. Karier olahraga dimulai bukan pada bulu tangkis, melainkan olahraga bela diri Jiujitsu. Bahkan ia sempat mejadi pelatih olahraga tersebut pada 1949-1955 dan sempat menjadi orang yang turut membangun Persatuan Judo Seluruh Indonesia. Anak didiknya di antaranya adalah Faisal Abda’oe (mantan Dirut Pertamina), Marsekal R. Oetomo (Mantan KSAU), dan Ahmad Bakrie (pendiri Bakrie & Brothers). Ketika perkembangan bulutangkis di Indonesia mulai bangkit pada tahun tersebut, ia pun ikut bergabung.

Setelah lulus dari sekolah di Jakarta, ia melanjutkan studi ke sekolah ekonomi Erasmus University di Rotterdam, Belanda. (1955-1965) dan sempat bekerja di Bank Indonesia cabang Rotterdam. Kendati sudah bekerja, Ferry tidak sepenuhnya meninggalkan dunia bulutangkis. Bahkan pimpinan di kantornya malah menyuruh Ferry berlatih bulutangkis dan bergabung dalam tim Piala Thomas Indonesia.

Di bidang pendidikan ia adalah Perintis Yayasan Trisakti mewakili Lembaga Pembinaan Kesatuan Bangsa (LPKB), pendiri Himpunan Pembina Perguruan Tinggi Swasta (HIPPERTIS), pendiri Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Katholik Indoneisa (APTIK), Warga Utama dan Anggota Yayasan Atma Jaya, Anggota Yayasan Fatmawati, Anggota Yayasan Bhakti Medika dan Anggota berbagai lembaga kesejahteraan sosial seperti Yayasan Penyandang Anak Cacat (YPAC), Yayasan Gedung Arsip Nasional, Forum Indonesia Nederland (FINED), dll.

Di dunia internasional dia juga dikenal ketokohannya antara lain sebagai Presiden FIABCI (1995-1996), Presiden International Badminton Federation (1971-1974) dan Chairman Advisory Council of International Executive Corps for Indonesia (1981-1997).

Pemerintah Indonesia menghargai semua karya dan jasa kepada bangsa dan negara itu antara lain dalam bentuk penganugerahan Satya Lencana Kebudayaan (1961), Tanda Jasa Bintang RI Kelas II (1964). Dari masyarakat internasional dia menerima ”Knighthood” dari Gereja Katolik Roma (1972) dan FIABCI Medal of Honour, Melbourne (1988).

Tan Joe Hok

 

Tan Joe Hok,lahir Bandung 11 Agustus 1937
Tahun 1958 bersama Ferry Sonneville,Lie Po Djian,Nyo Kiem Bie,Eddie Yusuf,Olich Solichin,Tan King Gwan merebut Piala Thomas dan mempertahankan pada tahun berikutnya.
Tahun 1959,Usia 22 thn namanya ditulis panjang lebar di majalah sports bergengsi Amerika,Sports Illustrated,berkaitan dengan prestasinya sebagai orang Indonesia Pertama yang menjuarai All England,Kanada dan AS Terbuka
Tahun 1962,meraih medali emas pada Asian Games
Tahun 1984,sebagai Pelatih Indonesia memimpin Team Thomas Cup Indonesia merebut Piala Thomas dari team bulutangkis RRC
(Yakin Piala Thomas ke Indonesia,Suara Merdeka 12-5-2002)
(Tan Joe Hok.Kompas 7-12-2008)

Rudi Hartono

All England, Wimbledon, Inggris merupakan arena bergengsi untuk para atlit bulutangkis. Ada beberapa pemain Indonesia yang mengukir nama emas di Arena tersebut seperti Tan Joe Hok, Ferry Sonneville, Rudy Hartono, Chun Chun, Johan Wahyudi, Ade Chandra, Liem Swie King, Kristian Hadinata, Icuk Sugiarto. Dari nama nama di atas yang paling melegenda adalah Rudi Hartono, 8 kali menjadi juara tunggal dan sampai saat ini belum ada yang menyerupai rekornya. Rudi Hartono memang sangat disiplin, dan tak pernah mengecawakan pelatih, Seperti Almarhum Irsan dan Tahir Djide. Pada suatu kejuaraan All England, Rudy Hartono berhadapan dengan Sture johnson, Juara Eropa asal Swedia, Situasi benar benar kritis, Pada Set pertama Sture Johnson unggul 15 – 4 dan set kedua ia sudah unggul 14 – 0 .

Semua pendengar RRI dan pemirsa TVRI (jadul nih) benar benar terhenyak, satu angka lagi tamatlah Rudy Hartono.

Horeeeeeee, teriak penyiar RRI, Shutelcock berpindah ke tangan Rudy. “Aku Ingin Satu Angka Saja” kata Rudy ketika Memulai Service, ternyata 1 – 14 . “Aku Ingin Satu Angka Lagi” , dan terjadilah 2 – 14 .

Akhirnya 14 – 14 dan Rudy mengakhiri set kedua dengan 17 – 14 . Sture Johnson benar – benar heran, Penonton INDONESIA riuh Rendah. Set ketiga, Rudy lagi – lagi menyatakan , “Aku ingin satu angka lagi….Aku ingin satu angka lagi”. Dan set ketiga berakhir dengan 15 – 0 untuk Rudy Hartono.

Ia pun maju ke final melawan Finalis dari Denmark, Spend Pri Punch Gunalan berkomentar : “Jika Melawan Rudy, Belum tercapai angka 15, Belum Menang” Pernahkah kita berpikir bahwa saat kita memutuskan untuk menyerah, terkadang sebenarnya kita hanya tinggal selangkah lagi menuju kemenangan?..

Langkah besar terbentuk dari sekumpulan langkah2 kecil…So, nikmati proses selangkah demi selangkah & never give up!! karena Tuhan sayang pada orang2 yang tekun & mau berusaha keras.

 

DARI DUNIA BULUTANGKIS ,

KEJUARAN PBSI DJAKARTA RAYA.

1.Jakarta,13 Nopember 1962(Mingguan Djaja,no 43-17 nop 1962)

DARI DUNIA BULUTANGKIS ,

KEJUARAN PBSI DJAKARTA RAYA.

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Semi-Finale Thomas Cup, Pantjawarna 9 Djuni 1958

Artikel ini bertjeritera tentang Tan Joe Hok, salah saorang pemain badminton jang mendjadi djoeara di All England 1958.

Oentoek bisa membatja dengan satjoekoep djelasnja, silaken klik di djoedoel artikel ini, soepaja bisa ditampilken di monitor jij dengan lebi’ lebar..

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.TAN YOE HOK MEMPERKUAT REGU BULU TANGKIT KITA( mingguan Djaja,n0.25.21 Juli 1962)

Berita tentang tibanya Joe Hok di Tanah air ( dengan pesawat PANAM hari senin sore tanggal 16 Juli yl) sudah barang tentu disambut dengan gembira oleh para peminat olah raga kita pada umumnya dan para peminat bulutangkis khususnya. Semenjak pertandingan try out antara pemain-pemain TC melawan Kombinasi Thomas Cup dibulan Juni Yl ,dunia olahraga kita menanti-nantikan kembalinya,terutama setealh Ferry tiba disini pada tanggal 27 juni jl. Ketika belum juga ada berita bila Joe Hok akan tiba, mulailah sementara orang bertanya-tanya , apakah ia akan tiba pada waktu masih ada kesempatan untuk berlatih sehingga taraf permainannya yang biasa pulih menjelang Asian Games nati.

Tibanya Joe Hok di tanah Air,sekaligus melenyapkan rasa gawat yang mencengkam sementara oreang dalam menanti-nantikan kembalinya dan menimbulkan rasa lega; walaupun kekalah-kekalahannya yang paling belakang dalam beberapa tornoi Internasional Joe Hok, sebagaimana beberapa kali telah kami kemukakan , tetap seorang  pemain yang berkaliber besar,yang kedatangannya di tanah Air bersama Ferry berarti perkuatan tidak sedikit bagi regu bulutangkis kita.Keyakinan kami mengenai hal itu diperkuat pula oleh kata-kata Ferry, dalam suatu pertemuan yang kebetulah beberapa hari setelah Ferry tiba di tanah Air,bahwa yoe hok tiada dalam kondisi yang baik( tubuhnya kegemukan) ketika menghadapi lawannya dalam tornoi tsb dan bahwa dengan latihan serius dalam sedikit waktu ia akan memperoleh lagi vormnya yang lama. Kini berat badan Yoe hok kuarng lebih 78 kg ,berat badan ini akan dapat diturunkan setelah siutu masa latihan sehingga dengan demikian kelincahannya yang biasa pasti akan pulih. Kembalinya Joe Zhok di tanah Air tidak saja berarti suatu perkuatan fisik bagi regu kita,melainkan juga “moral boosting”(mempertinggi morfal) tidak sedikit bagi pemain kita,terutama yang muda-muda. Dengan Ferry dan Joe Hok dalam regu kita, yang kini sebagian besar terdiri atas pemain-pemain muda dengan harapan baik,dapatlah kita menantikan Asian games IV dengan penuh kepercayaan.

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.FERRY SONNEVILLE TERGELINCIR DIFINAL(mingguan Djaja no 6,3 maret 1962)

Dilapangan bulutangkis kita kurang begitu beruntung diluar negeri pekan yang lampau. Moh.Djundi telah berhasil mencapai babak kedua Invstasi Skotlandia di Glasgow, akan tetapi dijatuhkan pemain Thomas Cup Muangthai ,Narong Boonchina, yang sudah tidak asing lagi bagi kita. Playing captain regu Thomas Cup kita,Ferry Sonnevile berhasil menyisihkan lawan-lawan nya dan masuk final. Ia berhadapan dengan lasan lama Charoen Wattanasin,bekas pemain Thomas Cup Muangthai . Diluar dugaan Ferry telah jatuh terhadap lawan ini dalam straight set 15-3 dan 15-5.Sebelumnya dalam kejuaran Belanda sebelum bertoilak ke Glasgow Ferry telah mengalahkannyadalam long set 15-7,7-15 dan 15-3. Charoen telah masuk final setelah menyisihkan pemain thomascup Denmark Finn Kobero dengan 15-6 dan 15-4, Dengan demikian pemain muangthaui itu telah keluar sebagai Juara dan Ferry sebagai runner up. Dalam pada itu diberitakan , bahwa Tan Yoe Hok kini berada dalam perjalanan untuk turut serta dalam kejuaraan All England, yang befarti kejuaran dunia tak resmi.JUga Ferry dan Edy Yusuf akan turut serta dalam kejuaraan tersebut yang tahun ini kabarnya mencatat suatu jumlah rekor peserta dari 15 negara.

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MENGENANG MAESTRO BULUTANGKIS INDONESIA  HADI MULYADI (Fan tek Hong)

Kamis, 9 Juni 2011

   
 

 
 
Mantan pemain Timnas Indonesia Fan Tek Fong Alias Hadi Mulyadi 
 
     
  PSSI berkabung, Fan Tek Fong Terkena Jantung  
  Olahraga – – 31 January 2011 | 14:29  
     
  JAKARTA, Licom:Mantan pemain Timnas Indonesia Fan Tek Fong yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama Hadi Mulyadi (67), meninggal dunia pada Minggu (30/1) malam di Jakarta, karena serangan jantung.Almarhum adalah salah seorang pemain besar pada zamannya, sebagaimana teman-teman seangkatannya yang telah mendahuluinya pergi, seperti Soetjipto Soentoro, Abdul Kadir, dan Yakob Sihasale.”Kita kehilangan salah seorang bintang besar yang banyak berjasa pada persepakbolaan nasional,” kata Sekjen PSSI Nugraha Besoes dikutip dari situs resmi PSSI, Senin.Menurut Nugraha, Hadi Mulyadi adalah pemain besar yang sangat bersahaja, tidak sombong, mudah diajak bicara oleh orang yang usianya jauh di bawah dia sekalipun.Jenazah Fan Tek Fong masih disemayamkan di Ruang C RS Husada itu. Pihak keluarganya memastikan, almarhum akan dikremasi pada Rabu (2/2) sekitar pukul 10.00 WIB.Fan Tek Fong, lahir di Serang, Banten, 19 September 1943, adalah salah satu bintang timnas Indonesia era 1960-an dan 1970-an.Belajar sepak bola secara serius sejak usia 10 tahun di bawah bimbingan pelatih nasional legendaris (alm) Endang Witarsa, Tek Fong memulai karir fenomenalnya di klub UMS Petak Sinkian, sebelum kemudian bergabung dengan Persija Jakarta.Ia kemudian sempat bermain untuk Pardedex, Medan, walau kemudian kembali ke Jakarta memperkuat klub Warna Agung.Pada tahun 1960, Tek Fong diterima masuk Union Makes Strength (UMS) setelah Dokter Endang melihat ada kelebihan di kakinya. Hampir bersamaan dengannya, masuk pula Surya Lesmana, Reni Salaki, Kwee Tik Liong, dan Yudo Hadianto.Saat dokter Endang Witarsa dipercaya sebagai pelatih tim nasional, ia juga meminta Tek Fong untuk bergabung. Pretasinya di tim nasional semakin cemerlang.Tek Fong bersama dengan Soetjipto Soentoro, Abdul Kadir, Yacob Sihasale, Risdianto, Surya Lesmana, Reni Salaki, Yuswardi, serta Anwar Udjang berhasil membawa berbagai gelar juara ke Indonesia.Tek Fong memang tak tergeserkan selama delapan tahun di tim nasional.Ia tidak hanya membawa Persija Jakarta menjadi juara Perserikatan pada tahun 1963 tetapi juga ikut mempersembahkan empat gelar juara bagi tim nasional Indonesia, yaitu; King`s Cup 1968, Merdeka Games 1969, Anniversary Cup 1972, dan Pesta Sukan 1972.(Ant/Red)

Daftar pemain bulu tangkis tingkat dunia

 

Pemain yang sudah pensiun

Pemain yang masih bermain

 
 

Ferry Sonneville

encyclopedia/ac41638d0395dbc9c18dff7187909fed
 
 
Ferry Sonneville
Personal information
Birth name Ferdinand Alexander Sonneville
Date of birth January 3, 1931(1931-01-03)
Place of birth Jakarta, DKI Jakarta
Date of death November 20, 2003(2003-11-20) (aged 72)
Place of death Jakarta, DKI Jakarta
Country  Indonesia
Handedness Right
Men’s singles

Ferry Sonneville (3 January 1931 – 20 November 2003) was an Indonesian badminton player noted for his touch, consistency, tactical astuteness, and coolness under pressure. He won numerous international singles titles from the mid 1950s through the early 1960s and his clutch performances helped Indonesia to win its first three Thomas Cup (men’s world team) titles consecutively in 1958, 1961, and 1964, setting the pattern for his country’s continued formidable presence in world badminton. Unfortunately, Sonneville’s playing career ended on a sour note in the 1967 Thomas Cup final in Jakarta when, past his prime, he was roundly booed by his countrymen after dropping singles matches in Indonesia’s controversial loss to Malaysia.[1]

After his high-level playing days ended Sonneville was elected to terms as both president of the International Badminton Federation (now World Badminton Federation) and president of the Badminton Association of Indonesia (PBSI).

Contents

Private life

His wife’s name was Yvonne Theresia de Wit (they married September 1954) and had 3 children, called Ferdinand Rudy Jr. (died in age 21 years old), Genia Theresia Sonneville, and Cynthia Guedolyn Sonneville. Sonneville also had two grandchild. Sonneville’s parents name were Dirk Jan Sonneville (father) and Leonij Elisabeth Hubeek (mother). His religion was Catholic.

Education

Erasmus University, Netherlands

Sports career

  • Jiujitsu Athlete and coach (1949–1955)
  • Playing captain or coach when Indonesia won or successfully defended Thomas Cup (world team badminton championships) 3 times in succession (1958, 1961, and 1964).
  • Winning Malaysia Open (1955), Dutch Open (1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962), Scotland’s World Invitational Tourney (1957), French Open (1957, 1960), German Open (1958, 1960, 1961), Canadian Open (1962), U.S. Open (1962), along with runner-up finish at All England (1959)
  • PB PBSI’s founder (1951) and KONI‘s founder (1966)
  • KONI’s President (1970)
  • Member of staff Asian Games Federation Council (1970)
  • Chef de Mission Indonesian contingen to Olympic (1971)
  • International Federation Badminton/IBF President (1971–1974)
  • PBSI‘s President (1981–1985)

 Business career

  • Vayatour Chairman Executive Board Lippo Cikarang inc.
  • Ferry Sonneville & Co inc. owner
  • Chairman of Realestat Indonesia Center Council (REI) 1986-1989 periods
  • President and Member of Executive Committee Realestat Internasional Federation (FIABCI) since 1989.
  • Advisory Council IESC Chairman (International Executive Service Corp)

 Educational career

  • Pioneer of Trisakti Foundation represent Lembaga Pembinaan Kesatuan Bangsa (LPKB)
  • Founder of Himpunan Pembina Perguruan Tinggi Swasta (HIPPERTIS)
  • Founder of Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Katholik Indoneisa (APTIK)
  • Special Citizen and member of Atma Jaya Foundation
  • Member of Fatmawati Foundation
  • Member of Bhakti Medika Foundation
  • Member of Penyandang Anak Cacat Foundation (YPAC)
  • Member of Gedung Arsip Nasional Foundation
  • Indonesian Nederland Forum (FINED), etc.

Honours

  • Satya Lencana Kebudayaan (1961)
  • Tanda Jasa Bintang RI Kelas II (1964)
  • ”Knighthood” from Catholic Rome Church (1972)
  • FIABCI Medal of Honour, Melbourne (1988).

References

  1. ^ Pat Davis, The Guinness Book of Badminton (Enfield, Middlesex, England: Guinness Superlatives Ltd., 1983) 123.

 

 

the end @ Copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

The rare Moamer Gadhafi or Kadhafi collections and Informations(koleksi Langka Kadhafi yang sedang diserang oleh NATO)

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

Showroom :

The Driwan’s Icon  Cybermuseum

(Museum Ikon didunia maya    )

Showcase:

The  rare M.Gaddafy or Kadhafi Collections.(Koleksi langka moamer kadhafi yang bertahan menghadapi serangan  NATO)******************************************************

BREAKING NEWS MOAMER  KHADAFI INFO NOW TODAY

1.October 2011

 Moamer Ghadafy Dead at Sirte

 

1.a.Mei,6th.2011

Amnesty says Gaddafi’s attacks “may amount to war crimes”

06.05.2011 15:58
 
 
Amnesty says Gaddafi's attacks "may amount to war crimes"

Attacks by forces loyal to Libyan leader Moamer Gaddafi on the western city of Misurata may amount to war crimes, Amnesty International said Friday in a report.

The pressure group accuses Gaddafi forces of using heavy artillery, rockets and cluster bombs in civilian areas and sniper fire against residents, DPA reported.

“The scale of the relentless attacks that we have seen by Gaddafi forces to intimidate the residents of Misurata for more than two months is truly horrifying,” said senrior adviser Donatella Rovera, who is currently in Libya.

The London-based rights group singled out an incident in April, when it says government troops targeted civilians standing in a queue outside a bakery.

Libya’s third-largest city has seen some of the worst violence in the country and is experiencing an escalating humanitarian crisis. Rebels say at least 1,000 have been killed there.

Human rights groups say Gaddafi‘s forces have also been using cluster bombs to attack the port city.

Cluster bombs, which eject smaller bomblets, have been outlawed by more than 100 countries which have signed up to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which took effect in 2010. Libya is not a signatory to the convention.

Amnesty said the use of cluster munitions in residential areas amounts to a “flagrant violation of the international prohibition on indiscriminate attack.”

Gaddafi’s forces remain in control of the airport in Misurata, while its port remains a battleground for rebels and government loyalists, resulting in shortages of food and medical supplies in the city.

Amnesty’s report comes two days after the International Criminal Court’s chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, said that he plans to seek arrest warrants against three unnamed Libyans in connection with the slaying of anti-government protesters.

Moreno-Ocampo is to present his case for crimes against humanity to the ICC’s pretrial chamber.

UN Security Council members and the United States say they supported the prosecutor’s request for arrest warrants

1a.Mei,11th.2011

 

Appeared in TV broadcasts Gaddafi Libya

 
 

These broadcasts proved he is still alive and well.Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, reportedly escaped the attack that killed his son early last May. In a television broadcast, Gaddafi looks safe and sound. He was holding talks with tribal elders supporters.Reporting from the pages of CNN, the Libyan state television broadcast footage on Wednesday night, May 11, 2011. Gaddafi seen wearing sunglasses and dark clothes. Meanwhile, tribal elders to wear a suit. This is Gaddafi’s first appearance since 30 April.”Our leaders met with Indigenous elders in Tripoli a few hours ago, this proves the persistence and perseverance Libya and its leader. Insha Allah, they will win,” said the announcer in the television broadcast.

2.Mei,12th 2011

mei 12, 2011

Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi’s makes TV appearance, Tripoli 11 May 2011

Americans and NATO out from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Libya ! Stop the NATO-collaborators !

3.Mei,16th 2011

 Indonesian Migrant Workers Repatriated from Libya

 
 
Reuters Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi waves from a car in the compound of Bab Al Azizia in Tripoli, after a meeting with a delegation of five African leaders seeking to mediate in Libyas conflict in this April 10, 2011 file photo. A war crimes prosecutor on May 16, 2011 sought an arrest warrant for Muammar Gaddafi, accusing him of killing protesters against his four-decade rule, as NATO stepped up strikes on Libyan forces. Picture taken April 10, 2011.
 

LONDON, KOMPAS.com– The Indonesian embassy in Tunis repatriated seven other migrant workers (TKWs) from Libya amidst the chaos there. Besides the seven Indonesian migrant workers, the Indonesian embassy in the Tunisian capital also repatriated another TKW Nani Suryani BT Aman Med (24) of Subang who works at the house of a hotelier in the resort city of Hammamet, embassy staff member M. Yazid said.

The eight TKWs were seen off by Embassy Councellor Sam Elihar Marentek, First Secretary Boy Dharmawan, Second Secretary Cut Dinawati Hidayat, BPKRT Mikin Sentono and Communication Officer Helmi Helwani at an embassy meeting in Tunis. Four of the 7 TKWs arrived in Tunis on May 7, and 3 others on May 10, while another one also from Tunisia entered the embassy on May 11.

The seven TKWs were Susi Rusmiati Ubad (28) and Latipah BT Endah Bahria (42) from Cianjur, Siti Fatimah BT Rahdi Rahmat (31) from Malang, Masiyah BT Rada Tolib (33) from Brebes, Tuti BT Namin Nian (31) from Bekasi and Eva Lusia BT Tajudin Asmadi (25) and Sariah BT Karsilah Sarah (26) from Indramayu.

While being employed in Libya and Tunisia, they had no shortcomings, and were even regarded as members of the families of their employers. This was experienced by Nani Suryani who worked for a hotelier in Hammamet.

Her employer and all members of her family had tears in their eyes when saying goodbye to her. Many of her counterparts also had the same sentimental experience, and their employers often telephoned them asking how they were.

M. Yazid said some of the ex-employers contacted the embassy expressing their appreciation for the TKWs’good and loyal services. But Eva Lusia, a mother of a child, escaped from her employer’s house at 1 am without a single penny, except a handbag of clothes.

 

4. Mei,2oth.2011

Gaddafi’s departure from Libya inevitable, Obama says

Mei 20, 2011   ·  

 
Gaddafi's departure from Libya

Muammar Gaddafi will inevitably leave power, U.S. President Barack Obama said, as NATO intensified its weeks-long bombing of government targets and said on Friday it had sunk eight Libyan warships.

Obama was speaking in an address on the Middle East where a series of uprisings this year governments in Tunisia and Egypt, and inspired a three-month-old revolt in Libya that aims to overthrow Gaddafi.

“Time is working against Gaddafi. He does not have control over his country. The opposition has organized a legitimate and credible Interim Council,” Obama said in Washington on Thursday.

“When Gaddafi inevitably leaves or is forced from power, decades of provocation will come to an end and the transition to a democratic Libya can proceed,” he said, defending his decision to take military action against the Libyan leader’s government.

His comments echoed NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen who said military and political pressure were weakening Gaddafi and would eventually topple him.

The Libyan leader remained defiant.

“Obama is still delusional,” Libyan government spokesman Mussa Ibrahim said. “He believes the lies that his own government and media spread around the world … It’s not Obama who decides whether Muammar Gaddafi leaves Libya or not. It’s the Libyan people.”

Acting under a U.N. mandate, NATO allies including France, Britain and the United States are conducting air strikes that aim to stop Gaddafi using military force against civilians.

NATO aircraft sank the eight warships in overnight attacks on the ports of Tripoli, Al Khums and Sirte, the alliance said in a statement.

“Given the escalating use of naval assets, NATO had no choice but to take decisive action to protect the civilian population of Libya and NATO forces at sea,” said Rear-Admiral Russell Harding, deputy commander of NATO’s Libyan mission.

Libyan officials took journalists to Tripoli port where a small ship spewed smoke and flames, and cast doubt on whether boats targeted by NATO had been involved in fighting.

Mohammad Ahmad Rashed, general manager of Tripoli’s port, said six boats had been hit by missiles.

The boats, five belonging to the coastguard and a larger naval vessel, had been undergoing maintenance since before the start of the fighting, he told reporters, adding that the port was still functional and capable of handling commercial traffic.

NATO bombs struck Tripoli, Gaddafi’s hometown of Sirte and Zlitan east of the capital, state TV said late on Thursday.

Rebels control eastern Libya and pockets in the west but the conflict has reached a stalemate as rebel attempts to advance on Gaddafi’s stronghold of Tripoli have stalled.

Western governments, under pressure from skeptical voters, are counting on Gaddafi’s administration to collapse.

“We have significantly degraded Gaddafi’s war machine. And now we see results, the opposition has gained ground,” Rasmussen told a news conference in the Slovak capital, Bratislava.

“I am confident that a combination of strong military pressure and increased political pressure and support for the opposition will eventually lead to the collapse of the regime.”

LIBYA TV SHOWS GADDAFI

Libyan state TV showed footage of Gaddafi meeting a Libyan politician in Tripoli. Government spokesman Ibrahim said the politician had been in a delegation that met Russian officials in Moscow this week to explore possibilities for a ceasefire.

The footage zoomed in on a TV screen in the room that showed Thursday’s date displayed in the corner. Gaddafi wore a brown robe with a hat and sunglasses.

Gaddafi was last seen on May 11 when state TV showed him meeting tribal leaders in Tripoli. NATO bombed his compound the next day, and a day later TV broadcast an audio clip in which he taunted NATO and said the alliance could not kill him.

The last few days have seen a flurry of diplomatic activity focusing on a possible ceasefire deal.

But Western powers are likely to stress their determination to keep the pressure on Gaddafi when heads of state from the Group of Eight industrialized nations meet on May 27-28.

In an attempt to raise pressure on Tripoli, the European Union is considering tightening sanctions by blacklisting some Libyan ports to prevent exports of oil and imports of fuel, a Western diplomatic source told Reuters.

4a.Mei,26th.2011

Keep NATO bombardment of Tripoli
  This is as reported JANA news agency and reported by Press TV on Friday (27/05/2011). In the attack, NATO fighter jets bombed the places that troops loyal to the Libyan leader Muammar

Friday, 27/05/2011 12:49 pm – http://www.detiknews.com

 

“khadafi hari ini 26 mei 2011” ditemukan dalam 1 dokumen detikNews

khadafiiiluar.jpg

NATO Terus Bombardir Tripoli

 Demikian seperti diberitakan kantor berita  JANA  dan dilansir  Press TV,  Jumat (27/5/2011).  Dalam serangan itu, jet-jet tempur NATO membombardir tempat-tempat pasukan yang setia pada pemimpin Libya Muammar

Jumat, 27/05/2011 12:49 WIB – www.detiknews.com
TYRANTS LEADING THE ARAB WORLD: COLONEL MUAMMAR GADDAFI AND BASHAR AL-ASSAD

May 26, 2011

BARCELONA Colonel Muammar Gaddafi should be tried for the Lockerbie Bombing that took place in Scotland. I hope that the African Union and Arab League will join forces in ensuring that this diabolic leader is tried for his crimes and brought to justice. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi must be brought to justice for the mayhem he is

5.Mei,30th.2011

South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma has arrived in Tripoli to attempt to broker a peace deal with the Libyan leader Colonel Gaddafi.

 

Jacob Zuma

Jacob Zuma arrives in Tripoli

 

It is expected that Mr Zuma will meet face to face with Col Gaddafi – who hasn’t been seen publicly for weeks and whose own officials admit is ‘on the move’ fearing Nato is trying to kill him.

The meeting may give some sense of whether or not Col Gaddafi accepts that the time for talk has arrived – and it could be a significant indicator as to the dictator’s thinking.

Publicly regime officials insist Col Gaddafi will not accept a deal which involves stepping aside, but privately some are starting to voice the view with me that he must step aside in order for the country to hold new elections.

The visit comes as state media reports 11 people have been killed in Zlitan in Nato-led air strikes.

 

Muammar Gaddafi appears on state TV

Col Gaddafi is trying to avoid death by Nato air strike

 

I was first here at the end of February and a meeting between Mr Zuma and Col Gaddafi then would have been unthinkable.

Mr Zuma and Gaddafi are old friends.

The South African is widely reported to have accepted financial assistance from Gaddafi during his serial trials for fraud and rape, but has never confirmed this himself.

Mr Zuma’s officials say he is visiting in his capacity as a member of the African Union High Level Panel for the Resolution of the Conflict in Libya.

South Africa is a member of the UN Security Council and despite voting for UN Resolution 1973 has criticised the bombing campaign.

 

Nato has unleashed a series of deadly airstrikes on the Libyan capital of Tripoli as it tries to oust leader Colonel Gaddafi.

Nato has started day raids against the regime in Tripoli

 

Mr Gaddafi has a circle of advisors but notoriously after nearly 42 years in power he is a political island.

There are several key factors which will make attempts to force Col Gaddafi out of the country more difficult.

He may see it as betraying the memory of his son Saif al-Arab and three grandchildren who were killed in a Nato air strike.

And it has to be remembered that the International Criminal Court is seeking arrest warrants for Col Gaddafi and his son Saif al-Islam.

 

British Apache helicopters are being deployed to Libya

British Apache helicopters are also trying to oust regime forces

 

Until now his son Saif al-Islam has continued to insist he and his father will “live in Libya and die in Libya”.

Government officials insist the regime can weather the continuing and increasing Nato air strikes.

Over the last week the military actions has intensified and there’ve been daytime bombings for the first time over the long weekend.

This may signal a change in strategy by Nato sending a message to the dictator that they will continue to strike at the heart of his regime whenever they want.

6.7.

B.LIBYA GUERILLAS INFO

Libia – Guerra Civil – Rebeldes
 
 
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A Libyan rebel arms a rocket launcher during an exchange of fire with pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

T-55

 

 

 

 

Fuerzas rebeldes sobre un BMP-1 en Shahat (24 feb. 2011)

A billobard against foreign interventi​on in Libya stands in Benghazi on March 11, 2011. AFP PHOTO / DAVE CLARK (Photo credit should read DAVE CLARK/AFP/​Getty Images)

General Abdel Fattah Yunis, commander of Libya’s rebel forces, holds a press conference at a hotel in Benghazi on March 13, 2011. Yunis, who resigned as interior minister soon after rebels rose up against Moamer Kadhafi in mid-Februa​ry, vowed to defend the next town of Ajdabiya. AFP PHOTO/GIAN​LUIGI GUERCIA (Photo credit should read GIANLUIGI GUERCIA/AF​P/Getty Images)

 

BMP-1 en Shahat (24 feb. 2011)

T-55 en manos rebeldes. Nótese la antigua bandera libia

T-62. Nótese el evacuador de humo a mitad del cañón.

T-62

T-55

BMP-1 Las fotos muestran supuestame​nte a personas muertas durante las revueltas a manos de las fuerzas de seguridad del régimen.

BMP-1

Soldados rebeldes en Tobruk

Toyota Land Cruiser serie 70 en manos de soldados rebeldes

 

SA-2 en Tobruk

An anti-gover​nment protester wearing a military uniform holds up an RPG launcher that was brought back after it was stolen from a military unit as people bring back stolen weapons to a state security building taken over by anti-gover​nment protesters in Ben Ghazi February 23, 2011. People in Benghazi said earlier they now felt safe enough to start handing in weapons recovered after security forces lost control of the Libyan city. REUTERS/As​maa Waguih (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

BMP-1 en la base aérea de Benina (cerca de Bengasi)

MiG-23BN con sonda de repostaje en la base aérea de Labraq

Restos de un Mi-24

Mil Mi-24

 

 

 

 

Montaje ZPU-4 (4 ametrallad​oras KPV de 14,5mm.) y lanzacohet​es de 107mm. Tipo 63

ZPU-4 (14,5mm. x 4)

 

 

People walk inside a destroyed weapons dump near Benghazi March 5, 2011. An attack by Libyan military forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi on a weapons dump near Benghazi in rebel-cont​rolled eastern Libya killed 17 people on Friday, Al Jazeera television reported. There were no further details. REUTERS/Su​haib Salem (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

 

T-55 en majos rebeldes

 

 

ZU-23 (23mm. x2)

 

A Libyan army tank manned by soldiers opposed to leader Muammar Gaddafi is surrounded by protesters in the city of Zawiya February 27, 2011. Armed men opposed to the rule of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi were in control of the city of Zawiyah, 50 km (30 miles) west of the capital Tripoli, on Sunday. REUTERS/Ah​med Jadallah (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Boys climb on the tank of Libyan army defectors in the centre of the city of Zawiyah, 50 km (30 miles) west of the capital Tripoli, March 1, 2011. Libya could descend into civil war if Muammar Gaddafi refuses to quit, the United States said on Tuesday, its demand for his departure carrying fresh weight after news of Western military preparatio​ns. REUTERS/Ah​med Jadallah (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Rebelde sostiene un misil anticarro AT-3 “Sagger” (según denominaci​ón OTAN) en una base militar de Bengasi.

Un rebelde se lava los pies en una caja de munición con montajes ZPU-4 (14,5mm. x4) a su espalda en una base militar en Bengasi.

Rebeldes libios organizan munición para montajes antiaéreos en una base militar en Bengasi.

Un Toyota Land Cruiser serie 40 con un montaje ZPU-1 (14,5mm. x1) remolcando un montaje ZU-23 (23mm. x2).

Montaje antiaéreo ZU-23 (23mm. x2) en manos de rebeldes libios en Bengasi.

Rebeldes libios manejando un montaje ZU-23 (23mm. x2) en Zawiya.

Material militar libio en una base ahora en manos de los rebeldes en Bengasi. Se aprecian montajes antiaéreos ZU-23 (23mm. x2) y un lanzacohet​es múltiple de 107mm. Tipo 63.

 

Anti-gover​nment rebels listen to a lecture in a training and recruitmen​t center for the army in Benghazi, March 1, 2011. Libya’s eastern rebel army is urging young men eager to dash west and engage Muammar Gaddafi’s forces to wait so they can turn them into an effective fighting force. Hundreds from the eastern city of Benghazi are setting off each day across the desert to Libya’s capital, some carrying knives and assault rifles, residents told Reuters. REUTERS/As​maa Waguih (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

Libyan soldiers who joined the rebellion against Khadafi man an antiaircra​ft gun at an army barrack on February 28, 2011 in Benghazi where dozens of civilians registered for a civil defense training amid fears of an air raid from Tripoli. Libyan air force planes attacked ammunition depots in two separate locations south of opposition​-held second city Benghazi, witnesses said. AFP PHOTO / MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AF​P/Getty Images)

Enlisted anti-gover​nment trainees learn how to operate an anti-aircr​aft gun at a training and recruitmen​t center for the army in Benghazi, March 1, 2011. Libya’s eastern rebel army is urging young men eager to dash west and engage Muammar Gaddafi’s forces to wait so they can turn them into an effective fighting force. Hundreds from the eastern city of Benghazi are setting off each day across the desert to Libya’s capital, some carrying knives and assault rifles, residents told Reuters. REUTERS/As​maa Waguih (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS MILITARY)

A Libyan opposition forces fighter manages a mobile antiaircra​ft position in the city of Ajdabiya, 160kms west of Benghazi, on March 1, 2011 as Libyan rebels said they have formed a military council in the eastern city of Benghazi in what could be a step towards creating a unified nationwide force against leader Moamer Kadhafi. AFP PHOTO / GIANLUIGI GUERCIA (Photo credit should read GIANLUIGI GUERCIA/AF​P/Getty Images)

Libyan anti-regim​e protesters show machinegun​s and ammunition confiscate​d from soldiers in Benghazi on February 25, 2011. Euphoria in Libya’s second city Benghazi gave way to growing concern that it remains vulnerable to a counter-at​tack by Moamer Kadhafi’s forces. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

Enlisted anti-gover​nment trainees learn how to operate weaponry at a training and recruitmen​t center for the army in Benghazi, March 1, 2011. Libya’s eastern rebel army is urging young men eager to dash west and engage Muammar Gaddafi’s forces to wait so they can turn them into an effective fighting force. Hundreds from the eastern city of Benghazi are setting off each day across the desert to Libya’s capital, some carrying knives and assault rifles, residents told Reuters. REUTERS/As​maa Waguih (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS MILITARY)

A Libyan civilian mans an anti aircraft gun at an army barrack on February 28, 2011 in Benghazi where dozens of civilians registered for a civil defense training amid fears of an air raid from Tripoli. Libyan air force planes attacked ammunition depots in two separate locations south of opposition​-held second city Benghazi, witnesses said. AFP PHOTO / MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AF​P/Getty Images)

Rebels guard outside an army base in Benghazi March 1, 2011. REUTERS/Su​haib Salem (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Libyan anti-Kadha​fi protesters wave their old national flag as they stand atop an abandoned army tank in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi on February 28, 2011 as world powers ramped up the pressure on Kadhafi’s regime and the United States urged the internatio​nal community to work together on further steps to end bloodshed in Libya. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

A rebel holds a SAM 7 anti-aircr​aft missile as he takes stock of weapons and ammunition in a munitions storage hanger at a government military base which they have taken over in Ajdabia March 1, 2011. REUTERS/Go​ran Tomasevic (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

 

 

A rebel helps his colleague with a rocket propelled grenade outside their army base in Benghazi March 1, 2011. REUTERS/Su​haib Salem (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

A Libyan soldier from forces that defected against Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi guards next to an anti-aircr​aft battery outside a military base in Benghazi, eastern Libya, Monday, Feb. 28, 2011. (AP Photo/Kevi​n Frayer)

 

Rebelde con un SA-7 cerca de Mars el-Brega el 2 de marzo de 2011.

Rebelde a 5km. de Ajdabiya el 2 de marzo de 2011. Lleva un Carl Gustav de 84mm.

Libyan rebel fighters stand ready with anti-aircr​aft weapons at a checkpoint on the outskirts of Ras Lanuf on March 6, 2011 which in spite of air strikes by the regime, the key oil pipeline hub was still in rebel hands, AFP correspond​ents reported, countering claims by a state-owne​d television that it had been recaptured​. AFP PHOTO / MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AF​P/Getty Images)

ZPU-1 de 14,5mm. en la plataforma de una Toyota Hilux.

Cañón sin retroceso M40 de 106mm. en las afueras de Ras Lanuf el 4 de marzo.

Cañón sin retroceso M40 de 106mm.

 

ZPU-2 (14,5mm x 2)

 

ZPU-4 (14,5mm x4)

ZPU-1 (14,5mm. x1) sobre todeterrno​.

Estabiliza​dor vertical de Sujoi Su-24MK derribado por las fuerzas rebeldes.

Foto del mismo Su-24MK en el que se aprecia el numeral.

Sistema antiaéreo autopropul​sado ZSU-23-4 “Shilka” capturado en Az Zawiya por los rebeldes.

Toyota Land Cruiser serie 70 con cañón sin retroceso M40 de 106mm. cerca de Ras Lanuf. El rebelde a su lado duerme la siesta.

Strela 2M (SA-7B Grail según OTAN) en manos rebeldes. Al fondo un montaje ZPU-4 (14,5mm. x4).

Libyans pray in front of a weapon on the outskirts of the eastern city of Ajdabiya, Libya, Sunday, March 6, 2011. Libyan helicopter gunships fired on a rebel force advancing west toward the capital along the Mediterran​ean coastline Sunday and forces loyal to leader Moammar Gadhafi fought intense ground battles with the rival fighters.(​AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whi​tehill)

Rebeldes. Al fondo se ve un SA-7B.

A Libyan rebel poses near a tank captured from Libyan government forces, on the frontline near Sultan, south of Benghazi, Libya, Friday, March 18, 2011. The U.N. Security Council voted Thursday to impose a no-fly zone over Libya and authorize “all necessary measures” to protect civilians from attacks by Moammar Gadhafi’s forces, hours after the Libyan leader vowed to crush the rebellion with a final assault on the opposition capital of Benghazi. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringha​us)

Libyan anti-regim​e protesters show machinegun​s and ammunition confiscate​d from soldiers in Benghazi on February 25, 2011. Euphoria in Libya’s second city Benghazi gave way to growing concern that it remains vulnerable to a counter-at​tack by Moamer Kadhafi’s forces. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

This image taken from video shows rebels on the back of a vehicle in the area of Benina, a civilian and military airport, outside Benghazi in eastern Libya Thursday March 17, 2011. Libyan rebels shot down at least two bomber planes that attacked the airport in their main stronghold of Benghazi Thursday, according to residents who witnessed the rare success in the struggle against Moammar Gadhafi’s superior air power. (AP Photo/APTN​)

Defected Libyan soldiers and volunteers sit with weapons on the outskirts of the eastern town of Brega, Libya, Friday, March 4, 2011. Mutinous army units in pickup trucks armed with machine-gu​ns and rocket launchers deployed around the strategic oil installati​on at Brega Thursday, securing the site after the opposition repelled an attempt by loyalists of Moammar Gadhafi to retake the port in rebel-held east Libya. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whi​tehill)

Toyota Land Cruiser serie 70 con ametrallad​ora ZPU-1. En primer plano los tubos de un montaje ZPU-4.

Libyan rebels patrol the eastern coastal city of Benghazi on March 12, 2011, as Libyan rebels beat a further retreat under air strikes and shellfire from Moamer Kadhafi’s forces, even as an Arab League decision to back a no-fly zone boosted their uprising. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

Caravana de Toyota Land Crusier serie 70 rebeldes. Dos vehículos llevan lanzacohet​es de 107mm. Tipo 63.

A Libyan rebel flashes the victory sign as he arrives with his weapon to the frontline near Sultan, south of Benghazi, Libya, Friday, March 18, 2011. The U.N. Security Council voted Thursday to impose a no-fly zone over Libya and authorize “all necessary measures” to protect civilians from attacks by Moammar Gadhafi’s forces, hours after the Libyan leader vowed to crush the rebellion with a final assault on the opposition capital of Benghazi. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringha​us)

A rebel aims a rocket launcher in Brega March 3, 2011. REUTERS/Go​ran Tomasevic (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST MILITARY)

Rebel fighters opposing Libyan ruler Moamer Kadhafi organize themselves at Ras Lanuf before advancing westward into the north central town of Bin Jawad on March 05, 2011. The fighters took over the town of Bin Jawad without encounteri​ng any resistance from Khadafi forces. AFP PHOTO/ROBE​RTO SCHMIDT (Photo credit should read ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AF​P/Getty Images)

 

Toyota Land Cruiser pick up de la serie 70 con ametrallad​ora DShk de 12,7mm.

Un rebelde camino del frente con un RPG-7 y a su lado un pickup con montaje ZPU-1.

Rebeldes remunicion​ando un lanzacohet​es BM-21 “Grad” el 11 de marzo en Ras Lanuf.

RAS LANUF, LIBYA – MARCH 11: Libyan rebels battle government troops as smoke from a damaged oil facility darkens the frontline sky on March 11, 2011 in Ras Lanuf, Libya. Government troops loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi drove opposition forces out of the strategic oil town, forcing a frantic rebel retreat through the desert. (Photo by John Moore/Gett​y Images)

Libyan rebel fighters take cover as a bomb dropped by an airforce fighter jet explodes near a checkpoint on the outskirts of the oil town of Ras Lanuf on March 7, 2011. AFP PHOTO/MARC​O LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AF​P/Getty Images)

Lanzacohet​es BM-21 “Grad” de 122mm.

 

Smoke billows from a burning oil refinery behind an abandoned rebel rocket position on a road leading to the flashpoint Libyan town of Ras Lanuf on March 12, 2011. Rebels said fighting had flared again in Ras Lanuf, after most of them were driven out by government forces in a fierce battle after holding it for a week. AFP PHOTO / MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AF​P/Getty Images)

A rebel fighters fires an antiaircra​ft gun during an air strike in Ras Lanuf March 7, 2011. Libya’s army fought rebels for control of Ras Lanuf on Monday and a rebel official said Muammar Gaddafi could attack oilfields like a “wounded wolf” if the West did not stop him with air strikes. REUTERS/Go​ran Tomasevic (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

 

T-55

Dos T-55 rebeldes y un BM-21 “Grad”. Al menos 3 T-55 combatiero​n en el lado rebelde entre Ras Lanuf y Ajdabiya.

Rebels wave a Kingdom of Libya flag as they ride on top of a tank on the outskirts of Ajdabiyah, on the road leading to Brega, March 2, 2011. The flag which was used when Libya gained independen​ce from Italy in 1951, has been used as a symbol of resistance against Libya’s leader Muammar Gaddafi in the recent protests. REUTERS/Go​ran Tomasevic (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST MILITARY POLITICS IMAGES OF THE DAY)

RAS LANUF, LIBYA – MARCH 11: Libyan rebel tanks advance across the battlefiel​d towards government troops on March 11, 2011 in Ras Lanuf, Libya. Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi drove opposition forces out of the strategic oil town, forcing a frantic rebel retreat through the desert. (Photo by John Moore/Gett​y Images)

T-55

T-55

BMP-1

BMP-1

Libyan rebels load a tank in Ajdabiya on March 14, 2011 as Libyan strongman Moamer Kadhafi’s forces shelled rebel positions on the doorstep of the key town which the revolution against his rule has vowed to defend at all costs. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

BMP-1

Libyan rebels guard the southern entrance of Tobruk on March 17, 2011. Libya warned it could target all Mediterran​ean air and sea traffic in the case of foreign military interventi​on, as world powers edged towards tough measures aimed at shutting down Moamer Kadhafi’s military machine. AFP PHOTO/PATR​ICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Ge​tty Images)

 

 

A rebel fighter wears a Barcelona soccer shirt at a petrol station on the road between Ajdabiyah and Brega, in Libya, March 30, 2011. REUTERS/An​drew Winning (LIBYA – Tags: CONFLICT MILITARY POLITICS)

Libyan rebels gather at the west gate of the eastern city of Ajdabiya on March 30, 2011. The first air strike in two days against Moamer Kadhafi’s forces in the east was carried out near Ajdabiya, where rebels are sheltering after having been routed from their frontlines​. AFP PHOTO / ARIS MESSINIS (Photo credit should read ARIS MESSINIS/A​FP/Getty Images)

A Libyan rebel prays by a rocket launcher during an exchange of fire with pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

Libyan rebels fire rocket launchers toward pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

A Libyan rebel arms a rocket launcher during an exchange of fire with pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

Libyan rebels fire rocket launchers toward pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

A Libyan rebel plugs his ears as rebels fire a rocket at troops loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi on the road between Ajdabiya and Brega, Libya, Thursday, March 31, 2011. An important Libyan oil town became a no man’s land Thursday as rebels to the east traded rocket and mortar fire with Gadhafi’s forces to the west. (AP Photo)

Libyan rebels fire rockets at troops loyal to Libyan leaderMoam​mar Gadhafi on the road between Ajdabiya and Brega, Libya, Thursday, March 31, 2011. An important Libyan oil town became a no man’s land Thursday as rebels to the east traded rocket and mortar fire with Gadhafi’s forces to the west. (AP Photo)

Libyan rebels fire rocket launchers toward pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

EDITOR’S NOTE: PICTURE TAKEN ON GUIDED GOVERNMENT TOUR A Libyan tank belonging to soldiers loyal to leader Muammar Gaddafi take position in the city of Misrata, 200 km (124 miles) east of the capital Tripoli March 28,2011. Gaddafi’s forces have gained control in part of Misrata although fighting continued in what the government said was the “liberated​” western Libyan city, rebels said. RUTERS/Ahm​ed Jadallah (LIBYA – Tags: CIVIL UNREST POLITICS)

Libyan rebels return from battle some 30 kilometers before the eastern town of Brega on March 31, 2011, as rebel fighters fought running street battles for the oil town, about 800 kilometres (500 miles) from the capital Tripoli, with forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi driving around and shooting at people. AFP PHOTO / ARIS MESSINIS (Photo credit should read ARIS MESSINIS/A​FP/Getty Images)

Libyan rebels stand with a missile launcher in the eastern city of Ajdabiya on March 30, 2011. The first air strike in two days against Moamer Kadhafi’s forces in the east was carried out near Ajdabiya, where rebels are sheltering after having been routed from their frontlines​. AFP PHOTO / ARIS MESSINIS (Photo credit should read ARIS MESSINIS/A​FP/Getty Images)

Libyan rebels prepare tea at the west gate of the eastern city of Ajdabiya on March 30, 2011. The first air strike in two days against Moamer Kadhafi’s forces in the east was carried out near Ajdabiya, where rebels are sheltering after having been routed from their frontlines​. AFP PHOTO / ARIS MESSINIS (Photo credit should read ARIS MESSINIS/A​FP/Getty Images)

Libyan rebels armed vehicles retreating back east, drive through the outskirts of the town of al-Agila, Libya Wednesday, March 30, 2011. Moammar Gadhafi’s ground forces recaptured a strategic oil town Wednesday and were close to taking a second, making new inroads in beating back a rebel advance toward the capital Tripoli. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

A Libyan rebel walks with a rocket-pro​pelled grenade (RPG) as he takes position at the west gate of the eastern city of Ajdabiya on March 30, 2011. The first air strike in two days against Moamer Kadhafi’s forces in the east was carried out near Ajdabiya, where rebels are sheltering after having been routed from their frontlines​. AFP PHOTO / MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/G​etty Images)

Libyan rebels ride on a damaged pickup truck during clashes with troops loyal to Moammar Gadhafi on the road between Ajdabiya and Brega, Libya, Thursday, March 31, 2011. An important Libyan oil town became a no man’s land Thursday as rebels to the east traded rocket and mortar fire with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi’s forces to the west. (AP Photo)

 

 

Libyan rebels fire rocket launchers toward pro Gadhafi forces, along the front line outside the eastern town of Brega, Libya Thursday, March 31, 2011. Libya conceded Thursday that Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had resigned but claimed that it was a personal decision driven by health problems, not a sign that the embattled regime is cracking at the highest levels. (AP Photo/Nass​er Nasser)

A rebel fighter holds his gun as soldiers loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi approach Ajdabiyah March 15, 2011. Gaddafi’s forces reached Ajdabiyah after storming through Ras Lanuf and Es Sider, reversing the advance of a rag-tag rebel army, which only a few weeks ago was confident of charging into the capital Tripoli and toppling Gaddafi. REUTERS/Go​ran Tomasevic (LIBYA – Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Driwancybermuseum
 
 
Feb 22, 2011
photos: 151 – 13 MB
Public on the web
 
 
 
 
 
 
Driwancybermuseum
 
 

**************************************

Frame One :

The Women Bodyguard of Moamer Khadafi or Gaddhafi.

Frame Two:

The Libyan POSTAL HISTORY COLLECTIONS

LIBYA 2010 “41st Anniversary of 1st September Revolution”
Date of issue: 01.09.2010
Denomination 1000 dirhams
Size of stamp mm.40×50 – Perforation 11
Printed in minisheets with 12 stamps
Printing 4-colours offset with gold foil application
Designer: Eng. Mohamed M.Tarabolsi – Khaled M.Tabbakh

Souvenir-sheet including one stamp, denomination 1500 dirhams
Size of souvenir-sheet mm.135×100
Printing 4-colours offset with gold foil application and embossing
Designer: Eng. Mohamed M.Tarabolsi – Khaled M.Tabbakh

Word from Colonel Muammar Al Gadhafi: ‘FORMING PARTIES SPLITS SOCIETIES’ – see a Libyan stamp about that, issued in 1984!!! Also, 2 FDCs from Libya. Read from BBC: ‘Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi appears on state TV’.

Read from BBC: ‘Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi appears on state TV’.

In 1949, George Orwell wrote ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’.
In 1984, this stamp was issued by Libya:

Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi might not be completely wrong about that.
There could be “democratic” societies that are deeply split, nonetheless.
There could be autocratic societies that are united, for a while, especially if the dictator is “enlightened”, truly serving the interest of the nation, as needed.
Not possible, you think?
Read about Cincinnatus, Dictator of the Roman Empire, not corrupted by power
 Statue of Cincinnatus, Cincinnati, OH
“With one hand he returns the fasces, symbol of power as appointed dictator of Rome. His other hand holds the plow, as he resumes the life of a citizen and farmer.
LIBYA 2010 “Al-Fateh Revolution Through 40 Years”
Date of issue: 23.08.2010
Forty self-adhesive stamps printed in sheet
Denomination 400 dirhams each stamp
Stamps size mm.33×46 – Sheet size mm.295×295
Printed 4-colors offset with gold and green foil application
Designer: Dr. Mohammed Moammar Al-Gathafi

LIBYA 2009 “Khadafi Leader of the African Union”

Single stamp
size mm.55×37, face-value 1000 dirhams
adhesive stamp with gold foil application and embossing
Minisheet with 12 stamps
size mm.200×230
Souvenir-sheet
size mm.130×85, with one stamp mm.55×37 face-value 2000 dirhams
adhesive souvenir-sheet with gold foil application and embossing
Postcard postal-stationery
with pre-printed stamp face-value 1500 dirhams

// Monday, August 17, 2009

LIBYA year 2008

2008, March 2 – “People’s Authority Declaration” (31st Anniversary) 2008, April 2 – “Tripoli International Fair” (37th Session) 2008, May 1st – “WWF World Wide Fund for Nature” (Rueppell’s Fox) 2008, May 25 – “The 4th Annual Exhibition for Communication and Information Technology” 2008, July 23 – “The 56th Anniversary of 23rd of July Revolution” (Gamel A. Nasser) 2008, July 27 – “Al Gathafi Mediterranean Project 6+6” 2008, August 3 – “10th Regular Session of Leaders and Heads of States of the CEN-SAD” 2008, August 18 – “Libyan Participation in Beijing Olympic Games 2008” 2008, September 1 – “1st September Revolution” (39th Anniversary) 2008, September 1 – ” 1st September Revolution ” (39th Anniversary) 2008, September 11 – “Libya Mobile Telephone Network” 2008, September 23 – “The Fourth International Waatasemu Women Competition for Memorizing the Holy Koran”
2008, September 26 – “Exhibition of the Holy Quran Book”

HOLOGRAMS STAMPS OF LIBYA

2001 “32nd Anniversary of September Revolution” minisheet with 16 stamps
2001 – detail of the minisheet

2001 – two souvenir-sheets

2001 – detail of one of the stamps inside the souvenir-sheets (with gold foil application)
2002 “33rd Anniversary of September Revolution” minisheet with 16 stamps
2002 – detail of the minisheet

2002 – two souvenir-sheets

2002 – detail of one of the stamps inside the souvenir-sheets (with gold foil application)
2003 “People’s Authoirity Declaration” minisheet with 6 stamps

2003 – detail of the minisheet

2004 “Khairi Nuri Khaled” minisheet with 4 stamps
2004 – detail of the minisheet

Libyan Stamps

international childrn's day
International Children Day 1968 Postal Stamp

libyan stamp shown the slogan: freedom, socialism & unity

The Libyan GPTC (General Posts and Telecommunications Company):

The Libyan GPTC was established in 1984 to operate and maintain the Libyan postal system, the internal wire and wireless telecommunication systems, and the international communication system.

screenshot of the Libyan GPTC

 

History of Postal Stamps in Libya:

By the nature of the profession the early Libyan post offices were built near foreign consulates and companies at the major seaports, where people are most likely to use the service. These offices continued to operate until the Italians established their first post office to guarantee contact between the various colonies.

Among the early overprints found on Italian stamps are “Tripoli di Barbaria” and “Libia“, and after the independence of 1951 “The United Kingdom of Libya“, “The Kingdom of Libya“, and “Libya“. Some of these stamps are included in this page for historical reasons and are no longer effective. Then after the September revolution of 1969 the overprint “The Libyan Arab Jamhuriyah” appeared at the top of the stamp, like the one shown below; followed by “The Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya“, then by “The Greate Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya“.

Please note that a number of the old postal stamps shown in this webpage are not valid any more and they are here merely for historical reasons. For example all the stamps carrying the name United Kingdom of Libya or the Kingdom of Libya are no longer valid.

our army is our protective shield
Our Army Our Protective Shield
Libyan Arab Jamhuriyah (L.A.R.)

green libya stamps
Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Postal Stamps

This group of stamps illustrates the various principles on which the green revolution and commemorates the tenth anniversary of the September revolution of 1969.

Above left: “partners not paid workers”.
Above right: “wealth is in the hands of people”.
Below right: “The Third World Theory” (as explained in Gaddafi’s Green Book).
Below left (top): “a house belongs to its dweller” (people with no homes were given houses).
Below left (bottom): “arms are in the hands of people”.

green book stamps Libya
Stamps commemorating Gaddafi’s Third World Theory as described in his Green Book.

Oil & Gas Stamps

 

Postal stamp commemorating the inauguration of the first petrol pipe line in libya, 25th of October 1961.The first line that kept wealth pumping into the heart of the Libyan economy. The two round pipes show the oil well at Zelten and the sea port of Marsa Brega.Zuetina oil terminalZueitina Oil Terminal Postal Stamp.

The Libyan Boy Scouts in Stamps:

 

libyan scouts 1962 envelope with stampsAn envelope with postal stamps commemorating the Third Philia  For The Mediteranean Boy Scouts, held in Juddaiem between the 13th and the 20th of July 1962. The actual enevelop stamp shows that the letter was sent on the opening day, the 13th.the reverse of the libyan scouts 1962 envelopeLibyan Boy Scouts’ Websitelibyan scouts 1962 Third Philia
Three stamps commemorating the Third Philia of 1962.
 10th anniversary of Libya's independence
Libya’s 10th anniversary Independence: 24 December 1961.Trajan Arch in Leptis Magna
The Arch of Trajan in Leptis Magna
libya archaeology stamp
archaeology stamp: save the Nubian antiquities
Unesco’s Save The Nubian Antiquities Postal Stamp.
 
flowers stampcyrenaica stamp
 
collection of Libyan stamps
A collection of Libyan stamps from 1960s and 1970s. These stamps are no longer in operation and are shown here for historical value.
 
 the stamp shows Ahmed Rafik AlmehdawiThe Libyan poet exiled by the Italians during the Italian occupation of Libya. He was born in 1898 and died in 1961.
 
 The Burnt Algerian Libraryalgerian burning library stamp, 1965A Libyan stamp commemorating the Algerian burnt library, 1965.On the 7th of June 1962 the OAS set fire to the University of Algiers’ library, destroying a total of 112500 books. In case you are wondering what sort of organisation is this OAS, it is a militant underground group opposed to the movement of the Algerian independence. As a result, the event triggered a series of commemorative postal stamps from various countries including Libya, where the event became a symbol of Algerian wars against oppression and for freedom and independence. The Libyan stamp is remarkably similar to the stamp issued by Yemen in the same year.
 
arab union stamplibyan stamps from the 1960s
 
 international meteorological dayThe International Meteorological Day, 23rd March 1965.
 
 maghreb satellite communications stamp
 
 
 tripoli internation fourth fair
4th Tripoli International Fair: 28th of February to 20th of March 1965.
The 7th Arab Boy Scouts Camp, 12th of August 1966, Juddaiem.birds from libya
Libyan Birds.
 
 
 birds from Libya
 world united against malaria postal stampThe World United Against Malaria Postal Stamp 

African-European Union Third Summit (29-30/11/2010)

muhammad gaddafi issues a stamp commemorating the African summit

Muhammad Gaddafi, the secretary of the general communication board, issues a new stamp commemorating the African-European Union Third Summit in Libya.  The image and the Arabic text are a screen shot from the the Libyan General Board of Communication

libyan stamps commemorating Berber shoes and boots
Libyan stamps commemorating Libyan traditional leather shows & boots.
 
 dinosaurs on Libyan stamps
Dinosaurs Libyan Stamps

The Scott Stamp Catalogue:

 The Scott catalogue of postage stamps lists all the stamps of the entire world. The catalogue began as a 21-page pamphlet of American and Foreign Postage Stamps, Issued from 1840 to Date, and was published in September 1868 by a New York stamp dealer John Walter Scott. The catalogue conatined both information as well as the prices of the stamps.

  • 1867 – first J.W. Scott & Co. Monthly Price List
  • 1868 – first bound and illustrated edition of the Descriptive Catalogue of American and Foreign Postage Stamps
  • 1888 – 46th Edition of the Scott catalogue assigns a number to each stamp listed.
  • As of 2006, and despite annual changes to save space, the catalog was more than 5,000 pages.

scott catalogue website screenshot

 Libyan Goddess stamp
The Libyan Goddess Stamps

BIRDS STAMPS OF LIBYA

1978 “75th Anniversary of the first Powered Flight”
1978 “75th Anniversary of the first Powered Flight”
1978 “75th Anniversary of the first Powered Flight”
1978 “Birds” airletter postal-stationery with pre-printed stamp 100dh.
1978 “Birds” airletter postal-stationery with pre-printed stamp 35dh.

// Friday, August 14, 2009

WWF STAMPS OF LIBYA

2008 “Rueppell’s Fox – Vulpes rueppelli” minisheet
2008 set on special FDC First Day of Issue cover with special postmark

2008 final printing-proof in complete sheet
1997 “African Wildcat – Felis lybica” minisheet
1997 imperforated set on FDC First Day of Issue cover
1987 “Slender-horned Gazelle – Gazella leptoceros”
1987 FDC First Day of Issue cover

ECLIPSE STAMPS OF LIBYA

2006 “The Total Eclipse at Great Jamahiriya 29.3.2006”

Special FDC First Day of Issue cover of the Libyan Posts. Stamped and signed by the designer of the stamps (Mr. Khaled Tabbakh, libyan artist)

FOSSILS STAMPS OF LIBYA

1996 “Fossils” maximum-card on postcard postal-stationery with pre-printed stamp
1996 “Fossils and Dinosaurs” (fossils: Mene rhombea, Mesodon macrocephalus, Eyron arctiformis)

1985 “Fossils” (frog, fish, mammal)1976 “Museum of Natural History” (Mastodon skull)

FRAME Three :

The Moamer Kadhafi numismatic Collections

Libya_IMG_1918, 1-Dinar Note with Muammar Qadhafi.jpg
//
Libya - One-Dinar Banknote, showing Muammar Qadhafi
Libya – One-Dinar Banknote, showing Muammar Qadhafi
Size: 2880×1896 / 3.9MB

The Extreme Show related with The Royal Prince William Wedding Ceremony

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DIC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Icon  Cybermuseum)

Showcase:

The  Royal Prince William Wedding and Honeymoon were Ready, reality live now  and you have look the spectaculare and amizing ceremony, but are you ever seen the extreme show related with the Royal Wedding ?

Are you ready to look this extrem Serious Show 

 and Joke show

 and the imitation prince William and Kate Middleton wedding gown lake the amizing picture below 

 and also the joke dancing ceremony.

Greatings from

 the cybermuseum founder

Dr Iwan Suwandy

 

 Frame One :

The Extreme Seriously show

1. Prince William Mothers gown show

2. The Memorable  Ceramic Factory Selling Promotion show

3. The Extrem Collectors Show

(1) At london

(a)

 

(b)

(2) at Australia

Frame Two:

The joke Show

(1) The Imitation Prince William and Kate Middleton

(2) The Dancing Royal wedding Ceremony

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2011

 
 

 

OSAMA BIN LADEN DEAD LIVESHOW NOW (Apakah anda sudah tahu bahwa pemimpin terorist Al Qaeda sudah meninggal)

 

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

Dr IWAN ‘S CYBERMUSEUM

 THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

  MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

   DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

     PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

      THE FOUNDER

    Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

                     

     WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM               

  SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showroom :

The Driwan’s  Cybermuseum

                    

(Museum Duniamaya Dr Iwan)

 

                    Please Enter

                   

              DIC SHOWROOM

(Driwan Icon  Cybermuseum)

Showcase:

Information of Osama Dead liveshow now.

All International TV have breaking news about the very amizing information.

Presiden US State Obama announce that OSAMA DEAD, OSAMA BIN LADEN THE LEADER OF TERORISM DEAD by the US Intelligent and US Marine  Special force at Pakistan :

a.Location

b.Latest situation at that area

c.THE OSAMA DEATH BODY BRING TO AFGHANISTAN AND BURRIED IN THE SEA (no illustration exist)

LET’S LOOKING MORE INFORMATION NOW.

JAKARTA MAY 2nd 2011

.3.00 PM wib

Dr IWAN SUWANDY

FRAME ONE:

The International Leader Reactions

 

 

FRAME TWO:

Osama Recent Information

(1) Profile

(2) story

Osama bin Laden Dead or Alive?

As we approach the 9th anniversary of September 11 the big question is Osama bin Laden dead or alive has to be asked. His voice was detected regularly until December 14, 2001 by intelligence operatives monitoring radio transmissions in Tora Bora, according to the Pentagon. The Pakistan Observer reported that he died a peaceful death due to an untreated lung complication, citing a Taliban leader who allegedly attended the funeral of the Al Qaeda leader!

In Bad Health
Bin Laden was often reported to be in poor health. Some accounts claim that he is (was) suffering from Hepatitis C and could only have expected to live for two more years. According to Le Figaro, in 2000 he ordered a mobile dialysis machine to be delivered to his base at Kandahar in Afghanistan.

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation’s counter-terrorism chief, Dale Watson, says he thinks Osama bin Laden is “probably” dead. Even Israeli intelligence says he’s dead. So what’s the hold up?! Make the call…

Osama son

 • The big tidbit is probably the marriage of a 51-year-old English grandmother to the 27-year-old son of Osama bin Laden in wake of a holiday romance. Here’s The Times version of the story, and a photo of the couple:bin_laden.jpg

The Conspiracy
Now if you’ve been paying attention you’ve learned that Osama bin Laden was on the US payroll pre 9/11 to help fight the Russians in Afganistan …and you heard the theory that they set him up as a pansy to take the fall for the attacks …and that the bin Laden family and the Bush family were pretty tight, which perhaps got him a free pass back to Saudi Arabia as a ‘favour’ to the family…which is all a possibility, but come on!

So why not just come out and say he’s dead? What good is a War on Terror without terror personified into a single easy to despise form? Imagine World War 2 without Hitler…not as menacing, eh?

Young Osama

Bad for Business
Without Osama bin Laden alive and as a continuing threat, the so-called “Military Industrial Complex” would find sales heading into a deep valley. Keeping Osama bin Laden alive in the minds of westerners with the help of mainstream media, is good for business on many levels.

You Decide: Dead or Alive?

 
So is he dead or alive? I think the answer is obvious. If you need any more convincing here is his death announcement in the Egyptian news paper al-Wafd, Wednesday, December 26, 2001.

If you don’t read Arabic here’s the English translation:

al-Wafd, Wednesday, December 26, 2001

News of Bin Laden’s Death and Funeral 10 days ago

Islamabad – A prominent official in the Afghan Taleban movement announced yesterday the death of Osama bin Laden, the chief of al-Qa’da organization, stating that binLaden suffered serious complications in the lungs and died a natural and quiet death. The official, who asked to remain anonymous, stated to The Observer of Pakistan that he had himself attended the funeral of bin Laden and saw his face prior to burial in Tora Bora 10 days ago. He mentioned that 30 of al-Qa’da fighters attended the burial as well as members of his family and some friends from the Taleban. In the farewell ceremony to his final rest guns were fired in the air. The official stated that it is difficult to pinpoint the burial location of bin Laden because according to the Wahhabi tradition no mark is left by the grave. He stressed that it is unlikely that the American forces would ever uncover any traces of bin Laden.

 
 

This entry was posted on Thursday, September 9th, 2010 at 1:27 pm and is filed under Conspiracy, mystery, People, Politics, Religion. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

The next time the CIA comes up with another Osama bin Laden videotape, you might want to compare their images of the alleged al-Qaeda leader to the photograph I’ve provided here.  If he looks any healthier than that, then you’re probably looking at an imposter.

Yeah, Osama has definitely seen better days.  But give the guy a break, huh?  You wouldn’t look much better if you’d been dead for nine years. 

Oh, by the way, in case you’ve just joined us?  Osama bin Laden is dead.

He died in the Tora Bora Mountains of Afghanistan on December 13, 2001.   He was buried in an unmarked grave within 24 hours of his death.  Case closed.

But don’t just take my word for it.  Top terror experts, intelligence analysts, academics, government officials, and even major political figures around the globe tend to agree that, “All the evidence suggests Elvis Presley is more alive today than Osama Bin Laden.”

I know this is old news to most of you, but I think it’s important to reiterate this fact.  Why?  Because Christmas season is upon us, and you know what that means:  Terrorism! 

That’s right!  “Tis the season to be frightened,” and what 21st century Christmas would be complete without a holiday greeting from the man often credited with masterminding the attacks behind 9/11?

But wait—it’s already Christmas Eve (at least it was at the time of this writing)—and although our government has been hyping the threat al-Qaeda poses to the American people, one central figure has been conspicuously absent from their conspiracy theories. 

Could it be that our government has finally given up on trying to convince the American people that Osama bin Laden is still alive and kicking?  There sure is plenty to suggest that their efforts have thus far failed to inspire the kind of fear they need to justify these unpopular wars abroad, and the even more unpopular war on the civil liberties of American citizens here at home.

A CNN poll conducted in September of this year reveals that 67% of Americans believe it is unlikely the U.S. will ever capture or kill Osama bin Laden.  That’s a dramatic increase since 2001, when only 20% believed that it would be unlikely that the government would catch him.  One thing this poll does not address is why the American people believe it is unlikely that the U.S. will capture or kill Osama bin Laden.  But you and I know the answer to that question, right?  Right—because he’s dead!

By the time this poll was conducted, the American people had already grown tired of the ad nauseam attempts by our government to breathe life into this long dead villain.  Each new audio and videotape pufporting to be that of Osama bin Laden failed to stand up to scrutiny.  One of the more prominent critics of these tapes is former U.S. foreign intelligence officer Angelo M. Codevilla, who is now a professor of international relations at Boston University.  In March of 2009, Codevilla wrote a damning critique of the countless recordings in an article for American Spectator Magazine.

According to Codevilla, Some videos show him [bin Laden]with a Semitic aquiline nose, while others show him with a shorter, broader one.

He also determined that none of the audio recordings match up either.  Not only has voice recognition software found them to be not authentic, but even the secular language used by the “fake Osama” is inconsistent with the real bin Laden’s strict Islamic Wahhabism. 

Codevilla also points out some of the finer discrepancies found in the videos.  Like the fact that Bin Laden is left-handed, but uses his right hand to write with.  He’s also seen wearing gold rings that are decidedly un-Wahabbi. 

But these criticisms did not dissuade ‘the powers that be’ from releasing even more fake recordings.  However, they were obviously persuaded to play it safe by exclusively sticking to an audio format.

They managed to keep him alive for a while longer, but then totally ‘jumped the shark,’ on January 29, 2010.  That was the day that Osama bin Laden (the fake one, of course) scolded the U.S. for its failure to address climate change.  It was a laugh riot, and quite possibly what drove that final nail into OBL’s coffin once and for all. 

We didn’t hear much from Osama bin Laden after that.  Then, less than a month after the CNN poll was conducted, three more audiotapes were released during the month of October.  But these recordings generated about as much excitement as an Ashton Kutcher film.

So, do you think that our betters have finally decided to retire OBL’s jersey?  That would seem to be the case. 

Yesterday, in an op-ed piece for the Washington Times, former White House aide Robert Weiner and national security analyst James Lewis floated the idea that Osama bin Laden is most likely dead. 

“Is bin Laden dead or alive? Nobody seems to know for sure, or, if anybody does, he isn’t saying. The White House’s Afghanistan-Pakistan review this month didn’t even mention him despite an ongoing, decade-long manhunt.”

But then they put a peculiar spin on their piece by suggesting that it is al-Qaeda that is trying to conceal bin Laden’s earthly departure.

“Al Qaeda wants America and the world to believe bin Laden is still alive. His image is a specter of the horrors of Sept. 11, helping build public support for everything from troop surges a globe away to warrantless wiretaps at home.

But the image of bin Laden is getting moldy, and there’s little reason for his ghost to scare anyone anymore. If al Qaeda wants America to believe bin Laden is alive, it should put up or shut up.”

This is not something you would expect to find in the Washington Times, which is a fanatical supporter of the‘war on terror’and a mouthpiece for whatever propaganda is coming out of the Pentagon.  But there you have it.

We may very well find our government putting closure to this whole Osama bin Laden affair in the very near future.  I expect them to come up with a body.  Maybe they’ll dig him up out of the hills of Afghanistan, or claim that he was recently blown to bits following a bloody fire fight in Yemen.  Whatever happens, you can sure that our government will declare, “Mission Accomplished” and finally have something to show for all those billions of dollars and hundreds of thousands of lives it cost to get him.

But don’t think that will put an exclamation point to this entire saga.  No siree.  They’re just getting started, and they have a whole new bin Laden waiting in the wings. 

Up till now, bin Laden has been our government’s real life version of Emmanuel Goldstein.  In case you don’t know who that is, I recommend you read George Orwell’s 1984

In the novel, Goldstein was the Ministry of Truth’s poster child for terrorism.  Like bin Laden, he was elusive and seemed to be everywhere.  But the only place he actually showed up was on the nation’s telescreens.  Each day, at 11:00am, images of Goldstein would be flashed before the eyes of Oceania’s citizenry, as part of a daily ritual known as “Two Minutes Hate.”  It was a constant reminder to the people that the threat of terrorism was real and ever-present, and ensured that public support for the government’s ongoing wars was continuous.   

With bin Laden gone, they’ll need a whole new Goldstein to take his place. 

Anwar Al-awaki is that guy.  He’s another CIA creation that is being bumped up from the minor leagues.  Al-awaki has a very impressive resume who has been linked to the 9/11 plotters, the Ft. Hood shooter, and both the Christmas Day and Times Square bombers.  He’s a big hit with the western intelligence crowd, and even dined with top-level Pentagon officials just months after 9/11.

And, just like bin Laden, he’ll be just like the American Express Card:  He’s “everywhere you want to be!”

Remember when there was much chatter about a strike on Iran last summer?  Osama bin Laden and his pet falcon just happened to be there, living it up in a guarded compound north of Tehran.

Or how about when the Pentagon was ‘testing the waters’ to expand the Afghan war into Pakistan last October?  Well, bin Laden was there too, “living comfortably” in a cozy little hideaway somewhere north of the Kurrum Valley.

And let’s not forget how the U.S. has been salivating to break Yemen wide open.  Well, wouldn’t you know it?  Last month, Osama bin Laden was believed to be shopping for new digs—somwhere near Hadramout—so he could be close to the rest of his al-Queda buddies, and finally have a chance to settle down, and start a brand new family with his latest child bride.

Now that’s what I call one active senior citizen.

But I think you’ll agree that Osama bin Laden is nearing the end of his run.  At some point in time, you’ve got to switch out actors to breathe new life into the franchise. 

I liked Roger Moore as James Bond, but everyone agreed that this 57-year-old had to go after “From a View to a Kill.”  You can only suspend so much disbelief when you see a guy— who can now get half price at Denny’s—knocking down multiple assailants and bedding women young enough to be his granddaughter.

Same thing with Osama.  He’s too old and becoming increasingly irrelevant.  It’s time our government introduces a new villain to the franchise before they lose their audience altogether.

So expect someone new to emerge from the smokey clouds of the next false flag.  He’ll be young, tanned and ready to kick some infidel ass.  He might even make a grand entrance like Pierce Brosnan did in the trailer to Golden Eye:

 Osama Family Informations

Wafah Dufour (corbis.com)

Nephew Osama Posing Almost Naked
Osama did not stop calling for jihad against Western countries. Not all the children agree.
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VIVAnews – Who does not know Osama Bin Laden – terrorist fugitives most wanted and most hated. He became the mastermind of terror attacks 11 September 2001 that killed thousands of people.

Before he died at the hands of the elite U.S. Navy SEAL Sunday, May 1, 2011, Osama did not stop calling for jihad against Western countries. However, not all family members follow the advice fugitive whose head valued U.S. $ 50 million dollars this. Some members of the Bin Laden clan actually embrace the western way of life.

Look at one of 23 sons of Osama bin Laden, Omar Osama bin Laden (29). Rather than follow in the footsteps of his father, he actually claimed to be ‘ambassador of peace’ between the Islamic world and the West. He even married a British woman who was nearly twice that of age.

“I try and and said to my father, looking for other ways to reach your goal. Bomb, a weapon, its impact is not good for anyone.”

According to some information on Omar Bin Laden at the camp of Jihad in Sudan and Afghanistan, along with the fighters who had tested chemical weapons on a number of puppies.

In an interview with Rolling Stone magazine in 2010, Omar claimed to want to work at the United Nations, met President Barack Obama, and Clinton, Hillary Clinton. In the interview, he even compared himself to Hollywood actor, Mel Gibson.

Not only that nyeleneh Omar, Osama’s nephew, Wafah Dufour went even further. Graduated from Columbia University School of Law is determined to pose nearly naked on the cover of GQ men’s magazine in 2005. Her body was covered only by camel fur.

Like Omar, he dreamed of a Hollywood star, singer or movie star. “Although relatives, I had nothing to do with him (Osama). But, because he, the Western world hates me, on the contrary, because I chose to apply Western values, the people of Saudi Arabia hates me,” said Wafah Dufour.

 Even Osama’s mother had refused his son’s way of thinking. “I have no ties with Al Qaeda organization,” he told the Saudi Newspaper. “I’m just worried about my child and preaching about it.”

Meanwhile, the Telegraph had reported, as a mother, like any Osama, still he loves. “I prayed, God showed the right path, away from the wrong thoughts. My mother who suffer most.”

Meanwhile, children Osama others, following his father’s steps. Osama third child, Saad, reportedly active in Al Qaeda, although not a key figure. July 2009, Saad reportedly killed in U.S. attack in Pakistan.

Meanwhile, Osama’s youngest son, Hamza Bin Laden was reported a number of media in Pakistan as the leader of a team sent to kill Benazir Bhutto who was killed December 2007.

Hamza A poem written in 2008 to commemorate the July 7, 2005 bombings in London that killed 52 people.

In the poem he calls himself the nickname of ‘Crown Prince of Terror’, called for the destruction of the United States, Britain, France and Denmark – who became the target of terror because of caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.

 
 
 
Keponakan Osama Berpose Nyaris Telanjang
Osama tak berhenti menyerukan jihad melawan negara-negara Barat. Tak semua anaknya setuju

VIVAnews — Siapa tak kenal Osama Bin Laden — buron teroris paling dicari dan paling dibenci. Ia menjadi dalang serangan teror 11  September 2001 yang menewaskan ribuan orang.

Sebelum tewas di tangan pasukan elit US Navy SEAL Minggu 1 Mei 2011, Osama tak berhenti menyerukan jihad melawan negara-negara Barat. Namun, tak semua anggota keluarganya menuruti anjuran buron yang kepalanya dihargai US$50 juta dollar ini. Sejumlah anggota klan Bin Laden justru merangkul  cara hidup barat.

Lihat saja satu dari 23 putra Osama, Omar Osama bin Laden (29). Alih-alih mengikuti jejak ayahnya, ia justru mengaku ingin menjadi ‘duta perdamaian’ antara dunia Islam dan Barat. Ia bahkan menikahi seorang perempuan Inggris yang usianya hampir dua kali lipat dari umurnya.

“Saya mencoba dan dan berkata pada ayah saya, cari cara lain untuk mencapai tujuanmu. Bom, senjata, tidak baik dampaknya bagi siapapun.”

Menurut sejumlah informasi Omar Bin Laden besar di kamp Jihad di Sudan dan Afghanistan, bersama para pejuang yang menguji senjata kimia pada sejumlah anak anjing.

Dalam wawancara dengan majalah Rolling Stone pada 2010, Omar mengaku ingin bekerja di PBB, bertemu Presiden Barack Obama, dan Menlu AS, Hillary Clinton. Dalam wawancara itu, ia bahkan membandingkan dirinya dengan aktor Hollywood, Mel Gibson.

Tak hanya Omar yang nyeleneh, keponakan Osama, Wafah Dufour bahkan melangkah lebih jauh. Lulusan Fakultas hukum Columbia University ini nekat berpose nyaris telanjang di sampul majalah pria GQ pada tahun 2005. Badannya hanya ditutupi bulu onta.

Seperti halnya Omar, dia bermimpi jadi bintang Hollywood,  penyanyi atau bintang film. “Meski kerabat, aku tak ada hubungannya dengan dia (Osama). Tapi, karena dia, dunia Barat membenciku, sebaliknya, karena aku memilih menerapkan nilai-nilai Barat, orang-orang Arab Saudi membenciku,” kata Wafah Dufour.

 Bahkan ibu kandung Osama pun menolak jalan pikiran putranya itu. “Saya tak ada hubungan dengan organisasi Al Qaeda,” kata dia  kepada Saudi Newspaper. “Aku hanya khawatir pada anak saya dan pemberitaan tentangnya.”

Sementara Telegraph pernah memberitakan, sebagai ibu, seperti apapun Osama, tetap ia cintai. “Aku berdoa, Allah menunjukkan jalan yang benar, menjauh dari pikiran yang salah. Saya ibunya yang paling menderita.”

Sementara, anak-anak Osama yang lain, mengikuti langkah ayahnya. Anak ketiga Osama, Saad, dikabarkan aktif di Al Qaeda, meski bukan tokoh kunci. Juli 2009 lalu, Saad dikabarkan tewas dalam serangan AS di Pakistan.

Sementara, putra bungsu Osama, Hamza Bin Laden dilaporkan sejumlah media di Pakistan sebagai pemimpin tim yang dikirim untuk membunuh Benazir Bhutto yang tewas Desember 2007 lalu.

Sebuah puisi ditulis Hamza pada tahun 2008 untuk memperingati 7 Juli 2005 pemboman di London yang menewaskan 52 orang.

Dalam puisi itu ia menyebut diri sendiri dengan julukan ‘Putra Mahkota Teror’, menyerukan penghancuran Amerika Serikat, Inggris, Perancis dan Denmark — yang jadi target teror karena karikatur Nabi Muhammad.

FRAME THREE:

Osama Cave

bin_cave_beer.jpg

 FRAME FOUR:

Osama caricatur

 

bin_broke.jpgbin_streak.jpgbin_bath.jpgbin_stunt.jpg

Frame Five :

The biography Of Osama Bin Laden

Osama bin Laden

 
 
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This article is about a person who has recently died. Some information, such as that pertaining to the circumstances of the person’s death and surrounding events, may change as more facts become known.
Osama bin Laden
أسامة بن لادن
March 10, 1957(1957-03-10) – c. May 1, 2011(2011-05-01) (aged 54)
Osama bin Laden (CIA photo).png
Place of birth Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Place of death Abbottabad, Pakistan
Allegiance Al-Qaeda
Battles/wars Soviet war in Afghanistan
War on Terror:

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن‎, ʾUsāmah bin Muḥammad bin ʿAwaḍ bin Lādin; March 10, 1957 – c. May 1, 2011[1][2][3][4]) was a member of the wealthy Saudi bin Laden family and the founder of the jihadist terrorist organization al-Qaeda, responsible for the September 11 attacks on the United States and numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets. As a result of his dealings in and advocacy of violent extremist jihad, Osama bin Laden lost his Saudi citizenship and was disowned by his billionaire family.[5]

Bin Laden was on the American Federal Bureau of Investigation‘s lists of Ten Most Wanted Fugitives and Most Wanted Terrorists due to his involvement in the 1998 US embassy bombings.[6][7][8]

Since 2001, Osama bin Laden and his organization had been major targets of the U.S. War on Terror. Bin Laden and fellow al-Qaeda leaders were believed to be hiding near the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan‘s Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

On May 1, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama announced on national television that bin Laden had been killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan by American military forces and by the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)[3][9] and that his body was in U.S. custody.[4]

Contents

Variations of Osama bin Laden’s name

There is no universally accepted standard in the West for transliterating Arabic words and names into English, so bin Laden’s name is spelled in many different ways. The version translation most often used by English-language mass media is Osama bin Laden. Most American government agencies, including the FBI and CIA, use either “Usama bin Laden” or “Usama bin Ladin“, both of which are often abbreviated to UBL. Less common renderings include “Ussamah Bin Ladin” and “Oussama Ben Laden” (French-language mass media). The last two words of the name can also be found as “Binladen” or (as used by his family in the West) “Binladin“. The spelling with “o” and “e” comes from a Persian-influenced pronunciation used in Afghanistan where he lived for a long time.

Strictly speaking, Arabic linguistic conventions dictate that he be referred to as “Osama” or “Osama bin Laden”, not “bin Laden”, as “Bin Laden” is not used as a surname in the Western manner, but simply as part of his name, which in its long form means “Osama, son of Mohammed, son of ‘Awad, son of Laden”. Still, “bin Laden” has become nearly universal in Western references to him.

Osama bin Laden’s admirers commonly use several aliases and nicknames, including the Prince/Al-Amir, the Sheikh, Abu Abdallah, Sheikh Al-Mujahid, the Lion Sheik,[10] the Director.[11]

Childhood, education and personal life

Osama bin Laden was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[12] In a 1998 interview, he gave his birth date as March 10, 1957.[13] His father Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden was a wealthy businessman with close ties to the Saudi royal family.[14] Osama bin Laden was born the only son of Mohammed bin Laden’s tenth wife, Hamida al-Attas.[15] Osama’s parents divorced soon after he was born; Osama’s mother then married Mohammed al-Attas. The couple had four children, and Osama lived in the new household with three half-brothers and one half-sister.[15]

Bin Laden was raised as a devout Wahhabi Muslim.[16] From 1968 to 1976 he attended the “élite” secular Al-Thager Model School.[15][17] Bin Laden studied economics and business administration[18] at King Abdulaziz University. Some reports suggest bin Laden earned a degree in civil engineering in 1979,[19] or a degree in public administration in 1981.[20] Other sources describe him as having left university during his third year,[21] never completing a college degree, though “hard working.”[22] At university, bin Laden’s main interest was religion, where he was involved in both “interpreting the Quran and jihad” and charitable work.[23] He also wrote poetry.[24]

In 1974, at the age of 17, bin Laden married his first wife Najwa Ghanem at Latakia.[25] According to CNN national security correspondent David Ensore, as of 2002 bin Laden had married four women and fathered roughly 25 or 26 children.[26] Other sources report that he has fathered anywhere from 12 to 24 children.[27]

His father, Mohammed bin Laden, was killed in 1967 in an airplane crash in Saudi Arabia when his American pilot misjudged a landing.[28] His eldest half-brother and head of the bin Laden family, Salem bin Laden, was killed in 1988 when he accidentally flew a plane into powerlines near San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Beliefs and ideology

Bin Laden believed that the restoration of Sharia law will set things right in the Muslim world, and that all other ideologies—”pan-Arabism, socialism, communism, democracy“—must be opposed.[29] These beliefs, along with violent expansive jihad, have sometimes been called Qutbism (the ideology of Sayyid Qutb).[30] He believed Afghanistan under the rule of Mullah Omar‘s Taliban was “the only Islamic country” in the Muslim world.[31] Bin Laden consistently dwelt on the need for violent jihad to right what he believes are injustices against Muslims perpetrated by the United States and sometimes by other non-Muslim states,[32] the need to eliminate the state of Israel, and the necessity of forcing the US to withdraw from the Middle East. He also called on Americans to “reject the immoral acts of fornication (and) homosexuality, intoxicants, gambling, and usury,” in an October 2002 letter.[33]

Probably the most infamous part of Bin Laden’s ideology was that civilians, including women and children, are legitimate targets of jihad.[34][35] Bin Laden was antisemitic, and delivered warnings against alleged Jewish conspiracies: “These Jews are masters of usury and leaders in treachery. They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next.”[36] Shia Muslims have been listed along with “Heretics,… America and Israel,” as the four principal “enemies of Islam” at ideology classes of bin Laden’s Al-Qaeda organization.[37]

In keeping with Wahhabi beliefs,[38] bin Laden opposed music on religious grounds,[39] and his attitude towards technology was mixed. He was interested in “earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants” on the one hand, but rejected “chilled water” on the other.[40]

His viewpoints and methods of achieving them had led to him being designated as a “terrorist” by scholars,[41][42] journalists from The New York Times,[43][44] the BBC,[45] and Qatari news station Al Jazeera,[46] analysts such as Peter Bergen,[47] Michael Scheuer,[48] Marc Sageman,[49] and Bruce Hoffman[50][51] and he was indicted on terrorism charges by law enforcement agencies in Madrid, New York City, and Tripoli.[52]

Militant activity

Mujahideen in Afghanistan

Bin Laden with Pakistani journalist Hamid Mir in 1997.

After leaving college in 1979 bin Laden joined Abdullah Azzam to fight the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan[53] and lived for a time in Peshawar.[54]

By 1984, with Azzam, bin Laden established Maktab al-Khadamat, which funneled money, arms and Muslim fighters from around the Arabic world into the Afghan war. Through al-Khadamat, bin Laden’s inherited family fortune[55] paid for air tickets and accommodation, dealt with paperwork with Pakistani authorities and provided other such services for the jihad fighters. Osama established a camp in Afghanistan, and with other volunteers fought the Soviets.

It was during his time in Peshawar that he began wearing camouflage-print jackets and carrying a captured Soviet assault rifle, which urban legends claimed he had obtained by killing a Russian soldier with his bare hands.[56]

Formation and structuring of Al-Qaeda

Main article: Al-Qaeda

By 1988, bin Laden had split from Maktab al-Khidamat. While Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, bin Laden wanted a more military role. One of the main points leading to the split and the creation of al-Qaeda was Azzam’s insistence that Arab fighters be integrated among the Afghan fighting groups instead of forming a separate fighting force.[57] Notes of a meeting of bin Laden and others on August 20, 1988, indicate al-Qaeda was a formal group by that time: “basically an organized Islamic faction, its goal is to lift the word of God, to make His religion victorious.” A list of requirements for membership itemized the following: listening ability, good manners, obedience, and making a pledge (bayat) to follow one’s superiors.[58]

According to Wright, the group’s real name wasn’t used in public pronouncements because “its existence was still a closely held secret.”[59] His research suggests that al-Qaeda was formed at an August 11, 1988, meeting between “several senior leaders” of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Abdullah Azzam, and bin Laden, where it was agreed to join bin Laden’s money with the expertise of the Islamic Jihad organization and take up the jihadist cause elsewhere after the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan.[60] Following the Soviet Union’s withdrawal from Afghanistan in February 1989, Osama bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1990 as a hero of jihad, who along with his Arab legion, “had brought down the mighty superpower” of the Soviet Union.[61] The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990 had put the kingdom and its ruling House of Saud at risk. The world’s most valuable oil fields were within easy striking distance of Iraqi forces in Kuwait, and Saddam’s call to pan-Arab/Islamism could potentially rally internal dissent. bin Laden met with King Fahd, and Sultan, Minister of Defense of Saudi Arabia, telling them not to depend on non-Muslim troops, and offered to help defend Saudi Arabia with his mujahideen fighters. Bin Laden’s offer was rebuffed, and after the American offer to help repel Iraq from Kuwait was accepted, involving deploying U.S. troops in Saudi territory,[62] he publicly denounced Saudi Arabia’s dependence on the U.S. military, as he believed the presence of foreign troops in the “land of the two mosques” (Mecca and Medina) profaned sacred soil. Bin Laden’s criticism of the Saudi monarchy led that government to attempt to silence him.

Shortly after Saudi Arabia permitted U.S. troops on Saudi soil, bin Laden turned his attention to attacks on the west. On November 8, 1990, the FBI raided the New Jersey home of El Sayyid Nosair, an associate of al Qaeda operative Ali Mohamed, discovering a great deal of evidence of terrorist plots, including plans to blow up New York City skyscrapers, marking the earliest uncovering of al Qaeda plans for such activities outside of Muslim countries.[63] Nosair was eventually convicted in connection to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, and for the murder of Rabbi Meir Kahane on November 5, 1990.

Bin Laden continued to speak publicly against the Saudi government for harboring American troops, for which the Saudis banished him. He went to live in exile in Sudan, in 1992, in a deal brokered by Ali Mohamed.[64]

Sudan and return to Afghanistan

In Sudan, bin Laden established a new base for mujahideen operations, in Khartoum.

Bin Laden continued his verbal assault on King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, and in response, on March 5, 1994, Fahd sent an emissary to Sudan demanding bin Laden’s passport. His family was persuaded to cut off his monthly stipend, the equivalent of $7 million a year.[65] By now bin Laden was strongly associated with Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), which made up the core of al-Qaeda. In 1995 the EIJ attempted to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The attempt failed, and the EIJ was expelled from Sudan.

Sudan also began efforts to expel bin Laden. The 9/11 Commission Report states:

“In late 1995, when Bin Laden was still in Sudan, the State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) learned that Sudanese officials were discussing with the Saudi government the possibility of expelling Bin Laden. CIA paramilitary officer Billy Waugh tracked down Bin Ladin in the Sudan and prepared an operation to apprehend him, but was denied authorization.[66] US Ambassador Timothy Carney encouraged the Sudanese to pursue this course. The Saudis, however, did not want Bin Laden, giving as their reason their revocation of his citizenship. Sudan’s minister of defense, Fatih Erwa, has claimed that Sudan offered to hand Bin Laden over to the United States. The Commission has found no credible evidence that this was so. Ambassador Carney had instructions only to push the Sudanese to expel Bin Laden. Ambassador Carney had no legal basis to ask for more from the Sudanese since, at the time, there was no indictment outstanding.”[67]

The 9/11 Commission Report further states:

“In February 1996, Sudanese officials began approaching officials from the United States and other governments, asking what actions of theirs might ease foreign pressure. In secret meetings with Saudi officials, Sudan offered to expel Bin Laden to Saudi Arabia and asked the Saudis to pardon him. US officials became aware of these secret discussions, certainly by March. Saudi officials apparently wanted Bin Laden expelled from Sudan. They had already revoked his citizenship, however, and would not tolerate his presence in their country. Also Bin Laden may have no longer felt safe in Sudan, where he had already escaped at least one assassination attempt that he believed to have been the work of the Egyptian or Saudi regimes, or both.”

In May 1996, under increasing pressure on Sudan, from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the United States, bin Laden returned to Jalalabad, Afghanistan aboard a chartered flight, and there forged a close relationship with Mullah Mohammed Omar.[68][69] When Bin Laden left Sudan, he and his organization were significantly weakened, despite his ambitions and organizational skills.[70] In Afghanistan, bin Laden and Al-Qaeda raised money from “donors from the days of the Soviet jihad”, and from the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) to establish more training camps for Mujahideen fighters .[71]

Early attacks and aid for attacks

It is believed that the first bombing attack involving bin Laden was the December 29, 1992 bombing of the Gold Mihor Hotel in Aden in which two people were killed.[72]

It was after this bombing that al-Qaeda was reported to have developed its justification for the killing of innocent people. According to a fatwa issued by Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, the killing of someone standing near the enemy is justified because any innocent bystander will find their proper reward in death, going to Jannah (Paradise) if they were good Muslims and to Jahannam (hell) if they were bad or non-believers.[73] The fatwa was issued to al-Qaeda members but not the general public.

In the 1990s bin Laden’s al-Qaeda assisted jihadis financially and sometimes militarily in Algeria, Egypt and Afghanistan. In 1992 or 1993 bin Laden sent an emissary, Qari el-Said, with $40,000 to Algeria to aid the Islamists and urge war rather than negotiation with the government. Their advice was heeded but the war that followed killed 150,000–200,000 Algerians and ended with Islamist surrender to the government.

Another effort by bin Laden was the funding of the Luxor massacre of November 17, 1997,[74][75][76] which killed 62 civilians, but so revolted the Egyptian public that it turned against Islamist terror. In mid-1997, the Northern Alliance threatened to overrun Jalalabad, causing Bin Laden to abandon his Nazim Jihad compound and move his operations to Tarnak Farms in the south.[77]

A later effort that did succeed was an attack on the city of Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan. Bin Laden helped cement his alliance with his hosts the Taliban by sending several hundred of his Afghan Arab fighters along to help the Taliban kill between five and six thousand Hazaras overrunning the city.[78]

In 1998, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri co-signed a fatwa in the name of the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders which declared the killing of North Americans and their allies an “individual duty for every Muslim” to “liberate the al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem) and the holy mosque (in Mecca) from their grip”.[79][80] At the public announcement of the fatwa bin Laden announced that North Americans are “very easy targets.” He told the attending journalists, “You will see the results of this in a very short time.”[81]

In December 1998, the Director of Central Intelligence Counterterrorist Center reported to the president that al-Qaeda was preparing for attacks in the USA, including the training of personnel to hijack aircraft.[82]

At the end of 2000, Richard Clarke revealed that Islamic militants headed by bin Laden had planned a triple attack on January 3, 2000 which would have included bombings in Jordan of the Radisson SAS Hotel in Amman and tourists at Mount Nebo and a site on the Jordan River, the sinking of the destroyer USS The Sullivans in Yemen, as well as an attack on a target within the United States. The plan was foiled by the arrest of the Jordanian terrorist cell, the sinking of the explosive-filled skiff intended to target the destroyer, and the arrest of Ahmed Ressam.[83]

Balkan wars

A former U.S. State Department official in October 2001 described Bosnia and Herzegovina as a safe haven for terrorists, after it was revealed that militant elements of the former Sarajevo government were protecting extremists, some with ties to Osama bin Laden.[84] In 1997, Rzeczpospolita, one of the largest Polish daily newspapers, reported that intelligence services of the Nordic-Polish SFOR Brigade suspected that a center for training terrorists from Islamic countries was located in the Bocina Donja village near Maglaj in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1992, hundreds of volunteers joined an “all-mujahedeen unit” called El Moujahed in an abandoned hillside factory, a compound with a hospital and prayer hall. According to Middle East intelligence reports, bin Laden financed small convoys of recruits from the Arab world through his businesses in Sudan. Among them was Karim Said Atmani who was identified by authorities as the document forger for a group of Algerians accused of plotting the bombings in the USA.[85] He is a former roommate of Ahmed Ressam, the man arrested at the Canadian-U.S. border in mid-December 1999 with a car full of nitroglycerin and bomb-making materials.[86][87] He was convicted of colluding with Osama bin Laden by a French court.[88]

A Bosnian government search of passport and residency records, conducted at the urging of the United States, revealed other former mujahideen who are linked to the same Algerian group or to other groups of suspected terrorists who have lived in this area 60 miles (97 km) north of Sarajevo, the capital, in the past few years. Khalil al-Deek, was arrested in Jordan in late December 1999 on suspicion of involvement in a plot to blow up tourist sites; a second man with Bosnian citizenship, Hamid Aich, lived in Canada at the same time as Atmani and worked for a charity associated with Osama Bin Laden. In its June 26, 1997 Report on the bombing of the Al Khobar building in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, The New York Times noted that those arrested confessed to serving with Bosnian Muslims forces. Further, the captured men also admitted to ties with Osama bin Laden.[89][90][91]

In 1999 it was revealed that Osama bin Laden and his Tunisian assistant Mehrez Aodouni were granted citizenship and Bosnian passports in 1993 by the Government in Sarajevo. This information was denied by the Bosnian government following the 9/11 attacks, but it was later found that Aodouni was arrested in Turkey and that at that time he possessed the Bosnian passport. Following this revelation, a new explanation was given that bin Laden “did not personally collect his Bosnian passport” and that officials at the Bosnian embassy in Vienna, which issued the passport, could not have known who bin Laden was at the time.[89][90][91] The Bosnian daily Oslobođenje published in 2001 that three men, believed to be linked to Osama Bin Laden, were arrested in Sarajevo in July 2001. The three, one of whom was identified as Imad El Misri, were Egyptian nationals. The paper said that two of the suspects were holding Bosnian passports.[89]

In 1998 it was reported that bin Laden was operating his Al Qaeda network out of Albania. The Charleston Gazette quoted Fatos Klosi, the head of the Albanian intelligence service, as saying a network run by Saudi exile Osama bin Laden sent units to fight in the Serbian province of Kosovo. Confirmation of these activities came from Claude Kader, a French national who said he was a member of bin Laden’s Albanian network.

By 1998 four members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) were arrested in Albania, and extradited to Egypt at the urging of the CIA. It is believed that the 1998 bombing of US embassies in Africa occurred as retaliation for these arrests.[92]

September 11 attacks

Allah knows it did not cross our minds to attack the towers but after the situation became unbearable and we witnessed the injustice and tyranny of the American-Israeli alliance against our people in Palestine and Lebanon, I thought about it. And the events that affected me directly were that of 1982 and the events that followed – when America allowed the Israelis to invade Lebanon, helped by the U.S. Sixth Fleet. As I watched the destroyed towers in Lebanon, it occurred to me punish the unjust the same way (and) to destroy towers in America so it could taste some of what we are tasting and to stop killing our children and women.”

Osama bin Laden, 2004[93]

After reports of repeated initial denials,[94] in 2004 Osama bin Laden claimed responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.[95][96][97] The attacks involved the hijacking of four commercial passenger aircraft,[98] the subsequent destruction of those planes and the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, severe damage to The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia,[99] and the deaths of 2,974 people and the nineteen hijackers.[100] In response to the attacks, the United States launched a War on Terror to depose the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and capture al-Qaeda operatives, and several countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation to preclude future attacks. The CIA’s Special Activities Division was given the lead in tracking down and killing or capturing bin Laden.[101]

The Federal Bureau of Investigation has stated that classified[102] evidence linking Al-Qaeda and bin Laden to the attacks of September 11 is clear and irrefutable.[103] The UK Government reached a similar conclusion regarding Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden’s culpability for the September 11, 2001, attacks although the government report notes that the evidence presented is insufficient for a prosecutable case.[104] Bin Laden initially denied involvement in the attacks. On September 16, 2001, bin Laden read a statement later broadcast by Qatar‘s Al Jazeera satellite channel denying responsibility for the attack.[105]

In a videotape recovered by US forces in November 2001 in Jalalabad, bin Laden was seen discussing the attack with Khaled al-Harbi in a way that indicates foreknowledge.[106] The tape was broadcast on various news networks on December 13, 2001. The merits of this translation have been disputed. Arabist Dr. Abdel El M. Husseini stated: “This translation is very problematic. At the most important places where it is held to prove the guilt of bin Laden, it is not identical with the Arabic.”[107]

In the 2004 Osama bin Laden video, bin Laden abandoned his denials without retracting past statements. In it he stated he had personally directed the nineteen hijackers.[96][108] In the 18-minute tape, played on Al-Jazeera, four days before the American presidential election, bin Laden accused U.S. President George W. Bush of negligence on the hijacking of the planes on September 11.[96]

According to the tapes, bin Laden claimed he was inspired to destroy the World Trade Center after watching the destruction of towers in Lebanon by Israel during the 1982 Lebanon War.[109]

In two other tapes aired by Al Jazeera in 2006, Osama bin Laden announces,

I am the one in charge of the nineteen brothers … I was responsible for entrusting the nineteen brothers … with the raids [5 minute audiotape broadcast May 23, 2006],[110]

and is seen with Ramzi bin al-Shibh, as well as two of the 9/11 hijackers, Hamza al-Ghamdi and Wail al-Shehri, as they make preparations for the attacks (videotape broadcast September 7, 2006).[111]

Criminal charges

On March 16, 1998, Libya issued the first official Interpol arrest warrant against Bin Laden and three other people for killing two German citizens in Libya on March 10, 1994, one of which is thought to have been a German counter-intelligence officer. Bin Laden was still wanted by the Libyan government.[112][113] Osama bin Laden was first indicted by the United States on June 8, 1998, when a grand jury indicted Osama bin Laden on charges of killing five Americans and two Indians in the November 14, 1995 truck bombing of a US-operated Saudi National Guard training center in Riyadh.[114]

Bin Laden was charged with “conspiracy to attack defense utilities of the United States” and prosecutors further charged that bin Laden is the head of the terrorist organization called al Qaeda, and that he was a major financial backer of Islamic fighters worldwide.[114] Bin Laden denied involvement but praised the attack. On November 4, 1998, Osama bin Laden was indicted by a Federal Grand Jury in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, on charges of Murder of US Nationals Outside the United States, Conspiracy to Murder US Nationals Outside the United States, and Attacks on a Federal Facility Resulting in Death[115] for his alleged role in the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. The evidence against bin Laden included courtroom testimony by former Al Qaeda members and satellite phone records, from a phone purchased for him by al-Qaeda procurement agent Ziyad Khaleel in the U.S.[116]

Bin Laden became the 456th person listed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, when he was added to the list on June 7, 1999, following his indictment along with others for capital crimes in the 1998 embassy attacks. Attempts at assassination and requests for the extradition of bin Laden from the Taliban of Afghanistan were met with failure prior to the bombing of Afghanistan in October 2001.[117] In 1999, US President Bill Clinton convinced the United Nations to impose sanctions against Afghanistan in an attempt to force the Taliban to extradite him.

Years later, on October 10, 2001, bin Laden appeared as well on the initial list of the top 22 FBI Most Wanted Terrorists, which was released to the public by the President of the United States George W. Bush, in direct response to the attacks of 9/11, but which was again based on the indictment for the 1998 embassy attack. Bin Laden was among a group of thirteen fugitive terrorists wanted on that latter list for questioning about the 1998 embassy bombings. Bin Laden remains the only fugitive ever to be listed on both FBI fugitive lists.

Despite the multiple indictments listed above and multiple requests, the Taliban refused to extradite Osama Bin Laden. It wasn’t until after the bombing of Afghanistan began in October 2001 that the Taliban finally did offer to turn over Osama bin Laden to a third-party country for trial, in return for the US ending the bombing and providing evidence that Osama bin Laden was involved in the 9/11 attacks. This offer was rejected by George W Bush stating that this was no longer negotiable with Bush responding that “There’s no need to discuss innocence or guilt. We know he’s guilty.”[118]

Attempted capture by the United States

US propaganda leaflet used in Afghanistan

Clinton administration

Capturing Osama bin Laden had been an objective of the United States government since the presidency of Bill Clinton.[119] Shortly after the September 11 attacks it was revealed that President Clinton had signed a directive authorizing the CIA (and specifically their elite Special Activities Division) to apprehend bin Laden and bring him to the United States to stand trial after the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Africa; if taking bin Laden alive was deemed impossible, then deadly force was authorized.[120] On August 20, 1998, 66 cruise missiles launched by United States Navy ships in the Arabian Sea struck bin Laden’s training camps near Khost in Afghanistan, narrowly missing him by a few hours.[121] In 1999 the CIA, together with Pakistani military intelligence, had prepared a team of approximately 60 Pakistani commandos to infiltrate Afghanistan to capture or kill bin Laden, but the plan was aborted by the 1999 Pakistani coup d’état;[121] in 2000, foreign operatives working on behalf of the CIA had fired a rocket-propelled grenade at a convoy of vehicles in which bin Laden was traveling through the mountains of Afghanistan, hitting one of the vehicles but not the one in which bin Laden was riding.[120]

In 2000, prior to the September 11 attacks, Paul Bremer characterized the Clinton administration as “correctly focused on bin Laden”, while Robert Oakley criticized their “obsession with Osama”.[83]

Bush administration

According to The Washington Post, the US government concluded that Osama bin Laden was present during the Battle of Tora Bora, Afghanistan in late 2001, and according to civilian and military officials with first-hand knowledge, failure by the US to commit enough US ground troops to hunt him led to his escape and was the gravest failure by the US in the war against al Qaeda. Intelligence officials have assembled what they believe to be decisive evidence, from contemporary and subsequent interrogations and intercepted communications, that bin Laden began the battle of Tora Bora inside the cave complex along Afghanistan’s mountainous eastern border.[122]

The Washington Post also reported that the CIA unit composed of their special operations paramilitary forces dedicated to capturing Osama was shut down in late 2005.[123]

US and Afghanistan forces raided the mountain caves in Tora Bora between 14–16 August 2007. The military was drawn to the area after receiving intelligence of a pre-Ramadan meeting held by al Qaeda members. After killing dozens of al Qaeda and Taliban members, they did not find either Osama bin Laden or Ayman al-Zawahiri.[124]

Immediately after the 9/11 attacks, US government officials named bin Laden and the Al-Qaeda organization as the prime suspects and offered a reward of $25 million for information leading to his capture or death.[11][125] On July 13, 2007, this figure was doubled to $50 million.[126]

The Airline Pilots Association and the Air Transport Association had offered an additional $2 million reward.[127]

Obama administration

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said in December 2009 that officials had had no reliable information on Bin Laden’s whereabouts for “years”. One week later, General Stanley McChrystal, the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan said in December 2009 that al-Qaeda will not be defeated unless its leader, Osama Bin Laden, is captured or killed. Testifying to the U.S. Congress, he said Bin Laden had become an “iconic figure, whose survival emboldens al-Qaeda as a franchising organization across the world”, and that Obama’s deployment of 30,000 extra troops to Afghanistan meant that success would be possible. “I don’t think that we can finally defeat al-Qaeda until he’s captured or killed”, McChrystal said of Bin Laden. “Killing or capturing Bin Laden would not spell the end of al-Qaeda, but the movement could not be eradicated while he remained at large.”[128]

Criticism

Salafist Muslims have criticized bin Laden for adherence to Qutbism, takfir and Khaarijite deviance. Critics are said to include Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee, Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan and Muqbil bin Haadi al-Waadi’ee. In August 2010, Fidel Castro claimed that bin Laden was a spy employed by the United States.[129]

Activities and whereabouts after the September 11 attacks

Shortly after the attacks of September 11, 2001, President George W. Bush stated that now hoped to “kill or capture” Bin Laden. Subsequently, Bin Laden retreated further from public contact to avoid capture. Since that time, numerous speculative press reports had been issued concerning various hearsay stories about his whereabouts, and also about alleged evidence of his death. Meanwhile, al-Qaeda had continued to release time-sensitive and professionally-verified videos demonstrating Bin Laden’s continued survival as recently as August 2007.[130] Most recently, U.S. Army General Stanley A. McChrystal had emphasized the continued importance of the capture or killing of bin Laden, thus clearly indicating that the US high command continued to believe that Bin Laden was probably still alive. Some of the conflicting reports regarding both his his continued whereabouts and previous mistaken claims about his death have included the following:

Many claims as to the location of Osama bin Laden were made in the wake of 9/11, although none were ever definitively proven and some placed Osama in different locations during overlapping time periods. After military offensives in Afghanistan in the wake of 9/11 failed to uncover his whereabouts, Pakistan was regularly identified as his suspected hiding place.

A December 11, 2005, letter from Atiyah Abd al-Rahman to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi indicates that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda leadership were based in the Waziristan region of Pakistan at the time. In the letter, translated by the United States military’s Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, “Atiyah” instructs Zarqawi to “send messengers from your end to Waziristan so that they meet with the brothers of the leadership … I am now on a visit to them and I am writing you this letter as I am with them…” Al-Rahman also indicates that bin Laden and al-Qaeda are “weak” and “have many of their own problems.” The letter has been deemed authentic by military and counterterrorism officials, according to The Washington Post.[131][132]

In 2009, a research team led by Thomas W. Gillespie and John A. Agnew of UCLA used satellite-aided geographical analysis to pinpoint three compounds in Parachinar as bin Laden’s likely hideouts.[133]

In March 2009, the New York Daily News reported that the hunt for bin Laden had centered in the Chitral District of Pakistan, including the Kalam Valley. According to the report, author Rohan Gunaratna states that captured Al Qaeda leaders have confirmed that Chitral is where bin Laden is hiding.[134]

In the first week of December 2009, a Taliban detainee in Pakistan said he had information that Bin Laden was in Afghanistan in 2009. The detainee said that in January or February (of 2009) he met a trusted contact who had seen Bin Laden about 15 to 20 days earlier in Afghanistan. However, on December 6, 2009. U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates stated that the U.S. had had no reliable information on the whereabouts of Bin Laden in years.[135] Pakistan’s Prime Minister Gillani rejected claims that Osama bin Laden was hiding in Pakistan.[136]

On January 15, 2010, the FBI published digitally aged pictures of Osama bin Laden showing what he may look like after a decade of aging. Spanish newspaper El Mundo subsequently revealed that the FBI had used a photo of Spanish politician Gaspar Llamazares from Google Images to create the image. The FBI admitted to using the photo and removed it from its website. Llamazares has responded by stating that he was “stupefied by the FBI’s decision to use his photograph to compose its latest image of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden” and that he is considering taking legal action if the FBI does not provide an explanation.[137] An internal investigation has been launched by the FBI to find out if this was done intentionally.[138][139]

On February 2, 2010, an anonymous official of the Saudi Foreign Ministry declared that the kingdom had no intention of getting involved in peacemaking in Afghanistan unless the Taliban would sever ties with extremists and expel Osama bin Laden.[140] This condition was announced as the Afghan president Karzai arrived in the kingdom for an official visit, for a discussion of a possible Saudi role in his plan to reintegrate Taliban militants.[140]

On June 7, 2010, the Kuwaiti Al Siyassa reported that Bin Laden was hiding in the mountainous town of Savzevar, in north eastern Iran.[141] The Australian newspaper online published the claim on June 9.[142]

On October 18, 2010, an unnamed NATO official suggested that bin Laden was “alive and well and living comfortably” in Pakistan, protected by elements of the country’s intelligence services. A senior Pakistani official denied the allegations and said the accusations were designed to put pressure on the Pakistani government ahead of talks aimed at strengthening ties between Pakistan and the United States.[143]

Death

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Wikinews has related news: Osama bin Laden dead, report US officials

Map showing location of Bin Laden’s house in Abbotabad

On May 1, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that Osama bin Laden was killed earlier that day by “a small team of Americans” acting under Obama’s direct orders, in a covert operation in Abbottabad, Pakistan, 32 miles (51 km) north of Islamabad,[9][144] affirming earlier confirmation by US officials to the media. According to US officials a team of 20-25 US Navy SEALs under the command of the Joint Special Operations Command and working with the CIA stormed bin Laden’s compound in two helicopters. Bin Laden and those with him were killed during a firefight.[145] The site is just a few kilometers from the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul.[146] DNA from bin Laden’s body, compared with DNA samples on record from his dead sister,[147] confirmed bin Laden’s identity.[148] The body was recovered by the US military and is in its custody.[144] CNN reported at 8.10 GMT that his body will be buried at sea with Islamic traditions.[149]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ “Obituary: Osama Bin Laden”. BBC News. 1 May 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-10741005
  2. ^ Kate Zernike; Michael T. Kaufman (May 2, 2011). “The Most Wanted Face of Terrorism”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/02osama-bin-laden-obituary.html. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b “Bin Laden Dead, US Officials Say”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/asia/osama-bin-laden-is-killed.html
  4. ^ a b “Al-Qaeda leader Bin Laden ‘dead'”. BBC News. May 1, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-13256676
  5. ^ The Cost Of Being Osama Bin Laden Retrieved 15 March 2011
  6. ^ “FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives”. FBI.gov. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080103044553/http://www.fbi.gov/wanted/topten/fugitives/laden.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  7. ^ Dan Eggen (August 28, 2006). “Bin Laden, Most Wanted For Embassy Bombings?”. The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/27/AR2006082700687.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  8. ^ “‘Most wanted terrorists’ list released”. CNN. October 10, 2001. http://articles.cnn.com/2001-10-10/us/inv.mostwanted.list_1_saif-al-adel-abdul-rahman-yasin-ahmed-khalfan-ghailani. Retrieved April 3, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b “Osama bin Laden is dead, Obama announces”. The Guardian. May 1, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/may/02/osama-bin-laden-dead-obama
  10. ^ Warrick, Joby (September 8, 2007). “In a New Video, Bin Laden Predicts U.S. Failure in Iraq”. The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/07/AR2007090700279.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  11. ^ a b “Most Wanted Terrorist – Usama Bin Laden”. FBI. Archived from the original on March 10, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060310055924/http://www.fbi.gov/wanted/terrorists/terbinladen.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  12. ^ “Frontline: Hunting Bin Laden: Who is Bin Laden?: Chronology”. PBS. Archived from the original on February 10, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060210192537/http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/etc/cron.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  13. ^ “Osama bin Laden”. GlobalSecurity.org. January 11, 2006. http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/profiles/osama_bin_laden.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  14. ^ David Johnson. “Osama bin Laden infoplease”. Infoplease. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080120224312/http://www.infoplease.com/spot/osamabinladen.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  15. ^ a b c Steve Coll (December 12, 2005). “Letter From Jedda: Young Osama- How he learned radicalism, and may have seen America”. The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/12/12/051212fa_fact. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  16. ^ Beyer, Lisa (September 24, 2001). “The Most Wanted Man In The World”. Time. http://www.time.com/time/covers/1101010924/wosama.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  17. ^ Bergen, Peter. The Osama bin Laden I Know: An Oral History of al Qaeda’s Leader. Free Press, 2006, p. 52
  18. ^ Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama bin Laden, Verso, 2005, p. xii.
  19. ^ Encyclopedia of World Biography Supplement, Vol. 22. Gale Group, 2002. (link requires username/password)
  20. ^ “A Biography of Osama Bin Laden”. PBS Frontline. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/who/bio.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  21. ^ Gunaratna, Rohan (2003). Inside Al Qaeda (3rd ed.). Berkley Books. p. 22. ISBN 0231126921
  22. ^ Aziz Hug (January 19, 2006). “The Real Osama”. The American Prospect. http://www.prospect.org/web/page.ww?section=root&name=ViewWeb&articleId=10855. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  23. ^ Wright, Looming Tower, (2006), p. 79.
  24. ^ Michael Hirst (September 24, 2008). “Analysing Bin Laden’s jihadi poetry”. BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7630934.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  25. ^ Michael Slackman (November 13, 2001). “Bin Laden Kin Wait and Worry”. Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2001/nov/13/news/mn-3564. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  26. ^ “Bin Laden’s Women”. CNN. March 12, 2002. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0203/12/ltm.10.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  27. ^ Amy Zalman, Ph.D.. “Profile: Osama bin Laden”. About.com. http://terrorism.about.com/od/groupsleader1/p/OsamabinLaden.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  28. ^ “Interview with US Author Steve Coll: ‘Osama bin Laden is Planning Something for the US Election'”. Der Spiegel. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,544921,00.html. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  29. ^ Messages, 2005, p. 218. “Resist the New Rome, audiotape delivered to al-Jazeera and broadcast by it on 2004-01-04.
  30. ^ Dale C. Eikmeier (Spring 2007). “Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic-Fascism”. Parameters. pp. 85–98. http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/07spring/eikmeier.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  31. ^ Messages, (2005), p. 143. from an interview published in Al-Quds Al-Arabi in London November 12, 2001 (originally published in Pakistani daily, Ausaf, Nov. 7.
  32. ^ Messages to the World, (2005), pp. xix, xx, editor Bruce Lawrence.
  33. ^ October 6, 2002. Appeared in Al-Qala’a website and then the London Observer 2002-11-24.
  34. ^ Messages, (2005) p. 70. Al Jazeera interview, December 1998, following Kenya and Tanzania embassy attacks.
  35. ^ Messages, (2005), p. 119, October 21, 2001 interview with Taysir Alluni of Al Jazeera.
  36. ^ Messages, (2005), p. 190. from 53-minute audiotape that “was circulated on various websites.” dated February 14, 2003. “Among a Band of Knights.”
  37. ^ from interview with Ali Soufan – a Lebanese Sunni FBI agent – by Wright, Wright, Looming Tower (2006), p. 303.
  38. ^ Klebnikov, Paul (September 14, 2001). “Who Is Osama bin Laden?”. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2001/09/14/0914whoisobl.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  39. ^ Wright, Looming Tower (2006), p. 167.
  40. ^ Wright, Looming Tower (2006), p. 172.
  41. ^ Osama: The Making of a Terrorist John Randal I B Tauris & Co Ltd (2005-10-04).
  42. ^ A Capitol Idea Donald E. Abelson p. 208.
  43. ^ Abby Goodnough (July 8, 2007). “Mysteries, Legal and Sartorial, at Padilla Trial”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/08/us/nationalspecial3/08padilla.html. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  44. ^ Michael R. Gordon (September 17, 2001). “AFTER THE ATTACKS: THE STRATEGY; A New War And Its Scale”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/17/world/after-the-attacks-the-strategy-a-new-war-and-its-scale.html. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  45. ^ “Is global terror threat falling?”. BBC News. May 21, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7412036.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  46. ^ “”Osama bin Laden’s operation” has “perpetrated the worst act of terrorism ever witnessed on US soil.”. Aljazeera. August 17, 2008. http://english.aljazeera.net/programmes/rizkhan/2008/08/20088161083773835.html. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  47. ^ The Osama bin Laden I Know: An Oral History of al Qaeda’s Leader, Peter Bergen Free Press 2006-08-08.
  48. ^ Through Our Enemies’ Eyes: Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam, and the Future of America Michael Scheuer Potomac Books Inc. 2006-01-15.
  49. ^ Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century Marc Sageman University of Pennsylvania Press 2008-01-03.
  50. ^ Bruce Hoffman (Spring 2004). “Redefining Counterterrorism: The Terrorist Leader as CEO”. RAND Review. 
  51. ^ A Devil’s Triangle: Terrorism, Weapons Of Mass Destruction, And Rogue States Peter Brookes Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
  52. ^ “Wanted: Usama Bin Laden”. Interpol. http://www.interpol.int/Public/Data/Wanted/Notices/Data/1998/32/1998_20232.asp. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  53. ^ “Who is Osama Bin Laden?”. BBC News. September 18, 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/155236.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  54. ^ “Photo: Zbigniew Brzezinski & Osama bin Laden”. March 23, 2006. http://fufor.twoday.net/stories/2302873/. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  55. ^ Lawrence Wright estimates his “share of the Saudi Binladin Group” circa fall 1989 as “amounted to 27 million Saudi riyals – a little more than [US]$ 7 million.” Wright, (2006), p. 145.)
  56. ^ Katz, Samuel M. “Relentless Pursuit: The DSS and the manhunt for the al-Qaeda terrorists”, 2002.
  57. ^ The Osama bin Laden I Know by Peter L. Bergen, pp. 74–88. ISBN 0-7432-7892-5.
  58. ^ Wright 2006, pp. 133–134.
  59. ^ Wright 2006, p. 260.
  60. ^ Wright 2008.
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THE END @ COPYRIGHRT Dr IWAN SUWANDY 2011